February 2015 - Fifty New Acquisitions and Selected Stock Highlights
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[De La MOTTE, Edward]
[Typewritten Manuscript Account of the Fifth Ascent of Aconcagua, by British Climber Edward de la Motte and American Mountaineer James Ramsey Ullman, Being also the First American Ascent of Aconcagua, Titled:] Horcones Valley and Aconcagua. February/March 1928.
Ca. 1928. Quarto (ca. 28,5x22 cm). 25 numbered leaves of typewritten text. Occasional period ink corrections in text. Vertical centrefold, first and last leaves with mild creases and traces of old staples removed, otherwise a very good manuscript.
Original typescript of the diary of Edward de la Motte, one of the participants of the fifth ascent of Aconcagua, the highest peak in the Americas, with his manuscript corrections in text. De la Motte’s climbing partner was a famous American mountaineer and writer James Ramsey Ullman (1907-1971), thus the expedition became the first American ascent of Aconcagua. The expedition party included two other members, named in the manuscript “Bromley” and “Mrs.” (a female). De la Motte gives a detailed description of the whole expedition from arrival to Retiro (Buenos Aires) on 25 February to the final arrival to Buenos Aires (on the way back) on 12 March 1828. The manuscript describes the mountaineers’ arrival in Mendoza, preparation and supplying of the expedition, trip to the Uspallata town and Puente del Inca, the long hike up the Horcones Valley, and all proceedings in the high camps on the mountain, including an acclimatization hike to the Buena Vista ridge and the summit day. The entries note the altitudes gained, pulse levels, experienced symptoms of mountain sickness, weight of loads carried, menus and preparations of the meals, frostbites et al. There are also several mentions of previous British expeditions to Aconcagua – by E. Fitzgerald and S. Vines (1897) and by J. Cochrane and M.F. Ryan (1925).
Some entries: “February 27th. Mrs. Togs up a la “complete mountaineer” in heavy boots and breeches, but fearing the populace slips out by a back entrance and gets nearly eaten by a yard full of dogs.” (p. 3).
“March 3rd. Base, night min. 28° 18,000 max. Pulse before starting: Ram 68, me 100. This is being written in Ryan’s tent with a snow storm outside, luckily the tent in perfectly sound, and apart from a little fine driven snow, all is snug inside. There is enough food for a week and between us we have 7 blankets, and eiderdown and a Jaeger sleeping bag. <…> Ram and I are comfortable with our feet tied in rucksacks and are able to laugh at the weather” (pp. 9-10).
“March 4th. Up at 8.30, rising consisting of putting on boots and balaclava and extricating oneself from the sleeping bag – in itself a laborious process and only to be performed with much gasping. This gasping is an altitude effect which neither of us can get over – headaches are things of the past, our appetites are tremendous, but the least exertion such as tightening a rope, leaving or entering the tent, opening a tin of sausages and even eating makes us gasp for breath” (p. 12).
“March 5th. [Summit Day]. Up 5 a.m. <…> Ram wearing his Ventana boots could only get on two pairs of socks – same as myself, so that to avoid frostbite we both tried to keep out toes moving inside our boots as far as possible. <…> Both of us were fairly near the limits of our endurance but the top was in view and at 4.30 we stepped out on the summit, very glad at being finished with the hard work of climbing. Driving snow clouds prevented the view to the South and what was worse, Ram could not find Ryan’s thermometers – the only object visible being an empty beer bottle. The top is of triangular shape with the Northern apex at the highest point. Photos were taken from the West tower which should identify the summit alright, at any rate, so far as Ryan and other climbers are concerned.
Ram got busy with a self timer – which like the meta cooker failed to work, the resulting messing about with which gave Ram four frostbitten fingers (unnoticed until considerably later). An ice axe with E.M. And A.R. Carved on the shaft was left, also a card with our names on was left in a small Yerma tin with one plasmon biscuit (sustenance for the next party that reaches the top)” (pp. 14-15).
James Ramsey Ullman was a noted American writer and mountaineer, official historian of the American Mount Everest Expedition 1963, the author of “The White Tower” (1945), “Banner in the Sky” (1954), “The Age of Mountaineering” (1954), “Tiger of the Snows” (together with Tenzing Norgay, 1955), “Americans on Everest” (1964), and others. Most of Ullman’s papers are now deposited in the Princeton University Library.
“The Andean career of Edward de la Motte apparently began in 1928 with Aconcagua, highest of all Andean peaks, and ended probably in 1946 with Sajama, highest of Bolivian mountains. With the well-known American novelist James Ramsey Ullman (author of the White Tower), he accomplished on 5 March 1928 the fifth ascent of Aconcagua” (Echevarria, E. Early British Ascents in the Andes, 1831-1946 // The Alpine Journal. 1987. Vol. 92. P. 63).
2. [ANGLO-SUDAN WAR 1881-99, TOY CARDBOARD SOLDIERS]
[Collection of Seventy-Four Embossed Toy cardboard Soldiers in the Original Publisher's Card Box, Titled:] The Recent War in the Soudan. La Guerra en el Sudan. Der Krieg im Sudan. La Guerre dans le Soudan.
Germany, ca. 1890s. 74 embossed toy cardboard soldiers, all hand coloured, height from ca. 10 cm (4 in) to ca. 7,5 cm (3 in). With eight cardboard cards from ca. 12,5x11,5 cm (4 ¾ x 4 ½ in) to ca. 10x7,5 cm (3 ¾ x 2 ¾ cm) with colouring guide sheets for the figures, and 61 metal stands. Housed in the original publisher's grey card box with compartments; the lid with a printed title and two mounted hand coloured figures of a British cavalry man and a Mahdist camel rider (the same as in the set). Printed monogram “W. & S. B.” on the lid. Minor losses of the figures on the lid (the horse’s ear and leg, the Mahdist rider’s left arm and a spear), eight cardboard soldiers with minor losses (e.g. Tips of spears, tails of camels), the lid with a minor tear on the side, but overall a very good set with bright and sound cardboard soldiers.
A rare collection of toy cardboard soldiers inspired by the events of the Anglo-Sudan, or Mahdist War (1881-99). Most likely, the set was issued in Germany in the early 1890s, after the beginning of the British reconquest of Sudan (1895-1898), led by Lord Horatio Kitchener (1850-1916).
The collection includes 41 soldiers representing the united British-Egyptian forces, including 9 Cameron highlanders (red jackets, green kilts, white helmets, armed with rifles); 7 soldiers from the Naval Brigade (blue uniforms, sailor’s caps, armed with rifles), 6 mounted British cavalrymen (red jackets, blue pants, white cross-belts and helmets, armed with sables), 1 soldier of the Yorkshire regiment (red jacket, blue pants, white helmet, armed with a sable); 10 soldiers of the Egyptian infantry (brown uniform, red fez), led by a commander and a bugler with a trumpet; 6 mounted riders from the Egyptian camel troops (blue uniform, red fez, armed with rifles). The Mahdist forces are represented with a Mahdi military commander, mounted on a horse, with a spear, and a banner - probably, a portrait of the Mahdi himself or of his successor, “The Khalifa,” who was defeated in the battles of Atbara and Omdurman in 1898. The other Mahdist warriors include 12 riders from the camel troops, armed with spears, and 20 infantry soldiers with shields and spears (in two different positions, ten of each kind).
The collection is supplemented with 8 paper cards showing the colour patterns for specific types of troops (British cavalryman, soldiers from the Naval Brigade and Yorkshire regiment, Cameron highlander, Sudanese camel rider, Sudanese infantry commander and a bugler, Mahdist military leader and an infantry man). Overall an interesting collection in very good condition.
“The Mahdist War (1881-99) , was a British colonial war of the late 19th century, which was fought between the Mahdist Sudanese, of the religious leader Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah, the Mahdi (the “Guided One”), and the forces of the Khedivate of Egypt, initially, and later the forces of Britain. From 18 years of colonial war resulted the joint-rule state of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (1899–1956), a condominium of the British Empire and the Kingdom of Egypt” (Wikipedia).
3. [ARCTIC EXPLORATION]
[Collection of Four Related Autograph Letters Signed by John Franklin, Frederick William Beechey, John Richardson and John D. Hunter, Apparently Addressed to Nicholas Garry, Deputy Governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company).
Four ALS, all dated by days of the week but without a year, but 1824. Three Small Octavos (ca. 18x11,5 cm), and one small note ca. 9,5x11 cm. Each 1 page, brown ink on paper. One with a pencil written list of names on verso. All with old identical guards on verso, indicating that the letters were mounted together in an album. Very good letters.
An interesting collection of original letters by noted Arctic explorers, apparently all related to meetings to make preparations for the 1824-25 voyages to find the Northwest Passage. Three letters were written by the members of two corresponding expeditions to the region: John Franklin and John Richardson, who explored the shores of the Arctic Ocean west and east of the Coppermine River in 1825-1827, and Frederick William Beechey, who explored the Bering Strait from the west in 1825-1828, in an attempt to meet Franklin’s expedition. In his letter Franklin also mentions George Francis Lyon who was to sail on HMS Griper to the Repulse Bay in June 1824. The author of the fourth letter, John D. Hunter, also mentioned in Franklin’s letter as a participant of one of the meetings, was apparently an organiser or a member of one of those expeditions. Dated by days of the week, the letters refer to several meetings in March 1824. John Richardson’s letter was written at “55 Devonshire Street,” which was John Franklin’s London address.
Beechey’s and Hunter’s letters are addressed to “Mr. Garry,” most likely Nicholas Garry (ca. 1782-1856), deputy governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1822-1835. Fort Garry (now Winnipeg) was founded and named after him in 1822. Several places in the Northwest Passage were named after him during the expedition season of 1825-27. John Franklin gave his name to the Garry Island in the delta of the Mackenzie River “for all his active kindness and indefatigable attention to the comfort of myself and my companions” (Franklin, J. Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea, 1825, 1826, and 1827. London, 1828, p. 36). William Parry named Cape Garry in the Somerset Island, Prince Regent Inlet “after by worthy friend Nicholas Garry, Esq., one of the most active members of the Hudson’s Bay Company, and a gentleman most warmly interested in everything connected with northern discovery” (Parry, W. Journal of a Third Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific; Performed in the Years 1824-25 in His Majesty's Ships Hecla and Fury. London, 1826, p. 140).
In his letter to Mr. Garry, John D. Hunter also mentions “Mr. Halkett”, who was most likely, John Halkett (1768-1852), director of the HBC and a member of its London Committee.
The texts of the letters:
Franklin: “My dear Sir, I shall have great pleasure in joining your party on Thursday the 25th but you must let me off early as I am engaged to an Evening party. I was just going to write to you when your note came, to say Mrs. Franklin and I will be glad to have the pleasure of your company at dinner on Tuesday 30th March at six. I hope Mr. Hunter will be with us also. I will send your letter to Capt. Lyon and I shall probably take the opportunity of seeing Parry tomorrow. Ever sincerely & faithfully yours, John Franklin. Tuesday Eveng.”
Richardson: “Dear Sir, I shall with much pleasure dine with you on Wednesday next at 7. I am dear Sir yours sincerely, John Richardson. Saturday, 55 Devonshire Street.”
Beechey: “Captain Beechey presents his compliments to Mr. Garry and will have the pleasure of accepting his polite invitation for the 6th inst. Harley Street, March 21st.”
Hunter: “I sincerely thank you my dear Mr. Garry for the book you were kind enough to send me, but my engagements will I fear render it out of my power to read it through. I will dine with you on Tuesday if I return from Brighton in time. I shall start at 11 this morning, & contemplate to return on Monday evening, I am much pleased to hear that among other friends Mr. Halkett will be one. Believe me very sincerely yours &c. John D. Hunter. Saturday morning.”
4. [BAEGERT, Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California..,]
Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo. [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives" (Hill 46); Barrett 129. "According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.
5. [BOER WAR - ROUGH RIDERS]
ZOUCHE, Lieutenant Lord Robert Nathaniel Cecil George Curzon (1851-1915)
[Diary kept During the Second Boer War, by Lieutenant Lord Zouche of the 'Rough Riders', serving under Captain H.W.M. Bonham's 78th Company (for whom Zouche has very little time, and dubs 'Napoleon')].
South Africa, in the field, 1899-1901. Octavo, 2 vols. More than 250 pages. With a loose photograph of a military parade Two black oilcloth bound notebooks, hinges cracked and one with stain of upper margin of last quarter of the note book. But overall in very good condition and written in a legible hand.
The 20th Battalion of the Imperial Yeomanry, who took their name 'Rough Riders' from the US cavalry regiment in which Theodore Roosevelt famously served, was formed in early 1900, after the succession of defeats suffered by the British army under Redvers Buller early in the war. Lord Zouche, joined when he was nearly fifty years old, receiving a lieutenant's commission; his diary beginning on 18 October 1900 (rather confusingly he provides no information as to years, noting that Tuesday 1 January marks the start of the 20th century; by which he means 1901: a note on the fly-leaf in another hand stating that the diary runs from 1899 to 1901 being in this respect incorrect). Early entries of the diary are made in pencil, some inked-over, while most of the remainder are written in ink. The author describes skirmishes with the Boers and when 'sweeping' Boer farm houses: "...Speaking roughly there seems to be an average of about one man per farm who is or has been fighting where there are no grown up sons – where there are such sons then say 2 or 3 to each farm. The great majority of those whom I have hitherto visited have returned from the war. The following are the questions we ask... Then, Warn against moving off their farms to visit each other even next door neighbours the only moves allowed being to market towns... Warn against riding in any case, only carts allowed & same with Kaffir servants... All this of course to prevent as far as possible any assemblies..."
The author was the son of Robert Curzon, fourteenth Baron Zouche of Harringworth (1810–1873) and a famous traveller and collector of manuscripts.
6. [COPPER RIVER & NORTHWESTERN RAILWAY]
[Album with over 290 Original Photos or Real Photo Postcards of Alaska, with the Emphasis on the Construction and Early Years of the Copper River & Northwestern Railway from Cordova to the Kennekott Copper Mines].
Ca. 1900-1910s. Oblong Folio (ca. 25x36 cm). Over 50 leaves. With over 290 gelatin silver prints (including over 20 dismounted or loosely inserted ones), vast majority printed as real photo postcards (private and studio ones); also with three large photos ca. 18,5x23,5 cm (7 ¼ x 9 ¼ in) and about two dozen small family portraits. Over 20 images signed and/or titled in negative. With a business card of Lila Marie Hubbell (pianist and teacher, Bremerton, Wash.) loosely inserted. Period style brown half morocco with cloth covered boards; gilt lettered title “Alaska album” on the spine. A number of leaves worn and with tears on extremities, several detached from the stub and loosely inserted, some photos removed from the album (but with 20 additional loose photos at rear); overall a very good album.
Interesting historically significant album with early images of the Copper River and Northwestern Railway, constructed in 1907-1911 by J. P. Morgan and the Guggenheim family to transport copper ore from the Kennicott mining town to Cordova. The railway operated until the copper deposits were depleted in 1938. The Copper River Highway and the McCarthy road were subsequently constructed along the railway’s tracks.
The album apparently compiled by one of the employees of the CR&NW Railway, or by a local resident, contains over 20 original photos of the railway’s trains, going along the tracks, snow plowing, or with railroad workers, engine drivers or passengers posing to the camera. The photos include a nice portrait of the engine drivers posing next to the train’s snow plow on the track, group portrait of workers and officials of the Katalla Coal Company Railroad posing on engine at Brunner Crossing (real photo postcard by Evans), and a view of “Lieut. F. Mears private train, Sept. 5th to 8th 1914, standing at Chitina depot, C.R. & N.W.Ry.” (real photo postcard by P.S. Hunt). A series of eight photos depict a train wreck on the CR&NW Railway with cranes and workers trying to raise the train from a river; there are also scenes of the railway’s survey and construction operations with wood blocks and excavators at work. A dozen photos depict the tracks of the CR&NW Railway, from the wharf in Cordova to the Kennikott mine with the end of the tracks; about seven images show the bridges, including the Kuskalana Bridge under construction and sections of the Million Dollar Bridge across the Copper River. There are also interesting images of several ships belonging to the Alaska Steamship Company fleet which were used to bring supplies for the CR&NW Railway construction: original photo of the steamer “Nizina” with passengers on board, and real photo postcards of S.S. Farallon, S.S. Yukatan and S.S. Northwestern (by J. Thwaites, also with a large photo of the ship by Winter Pond Co.). There is also a real photo postcard of a wreck of S.S. Portland on a beach at Katalla (near Cordova).
Large group of images represent family photos of the album’s compiler, showing Alaskan residents posing in front of their houses, cabins, in hunting camps, with sledge dogs, on board local steamers or small sailing boats; there are interesting photos of the interiors of local houses and cabins, scenes of public entertainment in Fairbanks, a big group portrait taken during a public celebration, a photo of a “Wash day at Smith’s camp”; portrait of skaters on the ice near Chitina et al. Several photos and real photo postcards show views of Cordova, Tenakee Springs, Ketchikan, Seward, Fort Liscum, Chitina and Copper Rivers, Alaskan towns, mountains, glaciers et al. About 20 real photo postcards mounted in the album were taken by J. Thwaites, E. Hegg, Andrew Evans, H.A. Ives, P.S. Hunt, and Winter Pond Co. Overall a very good album.
7. [CUBA, MEXICO, VANCOUVER & HAWAII]
SMITH, Victor M. (1866-1921)
[Typewritten Account of Two Travels, Illustrated with 153 Original Gelatin Silver Prints and Titled:] A Trip through Havana & Mexico by Victor M. Smith, 1909; A Trip through the Hawaiian Islands by Victor M. Smith, 1911.
Ca. 1909-1911. Large Quarto (ca. 28,5x21,5 cm). , 86 numbered leaves of typewritten text. With 153 gelatin silver prints mounted on versos of the leaves, including one large image ca. 12x21 cm (4 ¾ x 8 ¼ in), one four-part panorama ca. 7x38 cm (2 ¾ x 15 in), ten two- or three-part panoramas ca. 8x17 cm (3 x 6 ¾ in) or slightly larger/smaller; the rest of the images are generally ca. 7,5x10 cm (2 ¾ x 3 ¾ in) or slightly smaller. Two images signed and/or captioned in negative (by the studio of E. Moses). Original green cloth covered boards, fastened with a string. Bookplate of Rita Yvonne Butterfield mounted on the front pastedown. Paper slightly age toned, several photos slightly faded or with mild silvering, but overall a very good copy.
Two well written travel accounts, richly illustrated with original photos taken by the author, and two photos from the studio of Ernest Moses. The images include original photos of the port and city of Havana, the Morro Castle, the Malecon with the chairs lined up for the concert audience; in Mexico - harbour and street views of Veracruz, scenes on the railroad on the way to the Mexico City, numerous views of the Mexico City (Metropolitan Cathedral, Monument to Cuauhtémoc, three images of a bullfight at the Plaza Mexico bullring, scenes on local markets, Mexico City’s environs, including views of the canals and Aztec burial mounds); and a three-part panorama of the Avalon city on Santa Catalina Island (California). The account of a voyage to Hawaii opens with a series of original photos of Vancouver, including two-part panoramas of the West End and Coal Harbour, views of Stanley Park, the city court house and steamers in Vancouver port. Several original photos depict various activities on board the “Makura” of the Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand, followed by the views of the Honolulu harbour. The account numbers several interesting street views of Honolulu, including four-part panorama of the pier in front of the Moana Hotel, two-part panorama of Honolulu taken from the roof of the Young Hotel, views of the Haliewa town (Oahu) and others. Smith also visited the Maui Island Hilo at the Hawaii Island, taking photos of Kahului (Maui), Laupahoehoe landing, the grounds of the Hilo hotel, the Volcano House, two-part panorama of the Kilauea Volcano, two excellent panoramas of the Hilo wharf et al. There are several portraits of Smith posing on the hotel grounds and during various trips in the countryside. Overall an interesting account with some unusual original photos.
“Victor M. Smith, comptroller, is one of the popular and promising young business men of Spokane. He was born August 29, 1866, in New Zealand, where his parents were temporarily residing, his father being at that time connected with a government survey. When Victor was very young, the family returned to their former home in Toronto, Canada, where he grew up and received a high school education. After graduating he was employed for several years in various clerical positions. At the time he left for the west he resigned a position as assistant bookkeeper and custom house clerk for the Dominion Trunk & Bag Manufacturing Company. He lived in Montana and Oregon four years, coming to this city in 1888, where he has been employed in the real estate and insurance business and in a clerical capacity ever since. In the spring of 1899 Mr. Smith was nominated by the Republican party for the office he now holds, and the confidence and esteem in which he is held, was attested by the fact that his majority was several hundred greater than that of his ticket. For many years Mr. Smith has been active in musical circles as a singer in church choirs and as a musical director in several of the city churches. He is also a prominent member of the Spokane Athletic Club and of the Masonic fraternity. He was married in Spokane to Miss Nellie A. Miles, who died in 1892, leaving one son, Charles M. He has recently married one of Spokane’s well-known teachers, Miss Lilian E. Goulet, a graduate of the Academy of Holy Names, also of the Spokane high school” (Edwards, J. An Illustrated History of Spokane County, State of Washington. 1900, p. 421).
A scrapbook compiled by Victor M. Smith with various materials related to music performances in Spokane is now deposited at the Spokane Public Library.
8. [FRANCISCAN MISSION IN BOLIVIA]
[Official Certified Transcript of Documents Relating to the Franciscan Mission of Iti and the Guaricaya Indians in Southern Bolivia].
[La Plata (Bolivia), 1784-1789]. Folio (ca. 31x21,5 cm). 31 pp., stitched with a string. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, text in Spanish. Housed in a recent navy blue half morocco box with gilt lettered title on the spine. Manuscript with minor soiling and wear, old folds and creasing. Faint damp stain on final few leaves, causing very minor loss to five or six leaves, primarily in the margin, with only a few words affected. Overall a very good manuscript.
Official collection of documents relating to missions in the Viceroyalty of La Plata in present-day Bolivia, specifically the Reduccion of Iti. Written on certified paper dated 1780-1781, with official certification stamps dated 1784-1785 and 1790-1791, the documents are in a neat secretarial hand. Included is a list of the accounts and explanations of expenses for the Reduccion of Iti, detailing items and their costs, as well as correspondence concerning their staffing and running. The Guaricaya Indians, the tribal group of the immediate area are also mentioned in the document. A significant record of an Indian mission in the foothills of the Andes, at a time for which little documentation exists.
The Iti mission, founded by the Jesuits, is one of a group of missions which survived as such into the 19th century; those immediately to the north are now designated a World Heritage site. After the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish America in 1767, most of their missions were taken over by Franciscans or secularized. The missions at Iti, Fayarenda, and Azero, all discussed in the manuscript, were among those which became Franciscan. All were in the same region of southern Bolivia, just north of the Argentine provinces of Salta and Jujuy, in what is today the Chuquisaca Department. Under Spanish rule this area had been administered by the Viceroyalty of La Plata, which controlled what are now the lowlands of Bolivia, while the highlands to the west were governed by the Viceroyalty of Peru. Iti sits along the ancient Incan road, now Route 9 in Bolivia and northern Argentina.
Provenance: Maggs, Bibliotheca Americana 3239, issued in 1924.
9. [GEORGE V CORONATION DURBAR IN DELHI]
BOURNE & SHEPHERD
[Sumptious Morocco Album with 142 Original Photographs of the Delhi Durbar of 1911 Commemorating the Coronation of King George V and Queen Mary as the Emperor and Empress of India Titled:] Coronation Durbar, Delhi, 1911.
1911. Elephant Folio (ca. 50x39 cm). 142 gelatin silver prints of various size mounted on 30 stiff card leaves, the majority either ca. 27,5x20 cm (ca. 10 ¾ x 7 ¾ in) or ca. 12,5x19,5 cm (ca. 5x7 ¾ in), there are also large double-page group portrait, ca. 40,5x56 cm (ca. 16x22 in), and large panorama ca. 19x133 cm (7 ½ x 52 ¼ in). Manuscript pencil captions under the photos. Handsome period style red full morocco with gilt tooled borders, original red morocco label with gilt tooled title and Imperial crown mounted on the front board, spine with raised bands, decorative paper endpapers, all edges gilt. Large panorama with minor creases, mounts slightly browned on extremities, otherwise a very good album.
Interesting rare collection of original photos of the Delhi Durbar of 1911 taken by Bourne & Shepherd company – the official photographers of the ceremony. Specially for this occasion “they were given the title, 'Kaiser-e-Hind' which they still use as part of their official letterhead” (Wikipedia). This solemn ceremony at Coronation Park in Delhi lasted for 9 days (7-16 December 1911) and was the only one attended by the sovereign. The Durbar of 1911 is also famous for the fact that on December 12, 1911 George V, “the then Emperor of India along with Queen Mary, made the announcement that the capital of the Raj was to be shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. On December 15, 1911, they laid the foundation stone for Viceroy's residence, and New Delhi here, which was subsequently shifted to its present location on Raisina Hill near Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's House)” (Wikipedia).
The album documents several days of the Durbar and includes a series of images showing the Kingsway railway station and high-ranking guests arriving to the ceremony (H.H. Of Indore, H.H. The Nizam, H.H. Of Biroda, H.H. Of Kashmere et al.); the reception at Salimgarh Fort; the “State entry”; the subsequent reception at the “Ridge” with the scene of fire of the “Reception Tent”; nice series dedicated to the “Presentation of Colors”; opening of the “All India Memorial” in front of the Delhi Fort; “Review” ceremony; “Reception of Chiefs”, the solemn Durbar ceremony itself – with large folding panorama of the scene; the “Church Parade”, photo of “His Majesty Reading the Proclamation” et al. Very important is the image of “Laying if the Foundation Stones of Imperial Delhi by Their Majesties”.
A series of images in dedicated to the luxury tent camps built for the guests and participants of the ceremony, including general views of different camps (Bengal and Assam Camp, Punjab Camp, King’s Camp, Burma Camp, Camp of the Governor of Bombay et al.), and the interiors of the Emperor’s tent (HM’s Audience Chamber, Drawing Room, Her Majesty’s Boudoir et al.). There are also views of Delhi related to the solemn festivities: the Red Fort gate, Durbar post office, Jama Masjid mosque, Diwan-i-Khas Hall in the Red Fort et al.
A group of images shows the sport tournaments organized during the Durbar: semi-finals and finals for Polo, finals of the football tournament with the group portrait of the winning team and a photo of their Majesties watching the game; winners of the hockey tournament et al. Interesting portraits include those of “Balochistan Chiefs” “Bhutan Chiefs”; “Shan Chiefs”, “Bishops of India and Chaplains who conducted the State Service” and a large double-page group portrait of the Durbar guests, the majority of whom are shown wearing the Delhi Durbar Medal – special insignia to commemorate the ceremony (there were 26800 medals in silver and 102 in gold).
Overall a beautiful album with historically significant images.
The Delhi Durbar, meaning "Court of Delhi", was a mass assembly at Coronation Park, Delhi, India, to mark the coronation of a King and Queen of the United Kingdom. Also known as the Imperial Durbar, it was held three times, in 1877, 1903, and 1911, at the height of the British Empire. The 1911 Durbar was the only one attended by the sovereign, who was George V. The term was derived from common Mughal term durbar.
On March 22, 1911, a royal proclamation announced that the Durbar would be held in December to commemorate the coronation in Britain a few months earlier of King George V and Queen Mary and allow their proclamation as Emperor and Empress of India. Without public forewarning, the announcement of the move of India's capital from Calcutta to Delhi was also made at the Durbar. Practically every ruling prince and nobleman in India, plus thousands of landed gentry and other persons of note, attended to pay obeisance to their sovereigns.
The official ceremonies lasted from December 7 to December 16, with the Durbar itself occurring on Tuesday, December 12. The Sovereigns appeared in their Coronation robes, the King-Emperor wearing the Imperial Crown of India with eight arches, containing 6170 exquisitely cut diamonds, and covered with sapphires, emeralds and rubies, with a velvet and miniver cap all weighing 34.05 ounces (965 g). They then appeared at a darshan (a sight) at the jharoka (balcony window) of Red Fort, to receive half a million or more of the common people who had come to greet them. A feature film of the coronation titled With Our King and Queen Through India (1912) – also known as The Durbar in Delhi – was filmed in the early color process Kinemacolor and released on 2 February 1912.
King George V announced the movement of the capital of India from Calcutta to New Delhi during the Durbar and also laid the foundation stone of New Delhi. Generally the Durbar achieved its purpose of cementing support for British rule among the ruling princes, as was demonstrated by the support given during the First World War” (Wikipedia).
“Bourne & Shepherd established in 1863, is the oldest photographic studio still in operation, and one of the oldest established photographic businesses in the world. At its peak it was the most successful commercial firm in 19th-and early 20th-century India, with agencies all over India, and outlets in London and Paris, and also ran a mail order service.
Though some sources consider its inception to be 1862, when noted British photographers, Charles Shepherd established a photographic studio, with Arthur Robertson, called ‘Shepherd & Robertson’ in Agra, which later moved to Shimla and eventually became the part of ‘Howard, Bourne & Shepherd’, set up by Samuel Bourne, Charles Shepherd, along with William Howard, first established in Shimla around 1863, and later in Kolkata in 1867, where it is still operational today, at Esplanade Row, in Esplanade, Kolkata (Calcutta) under the same name. Today some of their earlier work is preserved at Cambridge University Library, the National Portrait Gallery, London, the National Geographic Society's Image Collection and the Smithsonian Institution” (Wikipedia).
[British Military Memorandum Book with Manuscript Records of 18 Manoeuvres Performed during Field Days or Reviews in Gibraltar, with two Records from Devonport and Cork (Ireland); Referencing the 64th, 23rd, 43rd and 37th Regiments of Foot, Titled in Manuscript:] Memorandum Book of Captain Le Blanc’s Company. Belfast, 24th March 1819.
Ca. 1824-1827. Oblong Small Octavo (ca. 11,5x18,5 cm). Over 130 leaves, with ; ,  filled in on both sides. Brown ink on laid paper. Manuscript title on the front pastedown. Original brown full calf album with a metal clasp; spine with two morocco labels, including a gilt lettered red label “Memorandum Book” and a gilt lettered green label numbered “1”. The album slightly rubbed on extremities, several leaves in the beginning removed, but overall a very good album.
Original manuscript military memorandum book with detailed descriptions of the manoeuvres performed by British regiments stationed in Gibraltar during 18 reviews in December 1824 – May 1825. The records document regular “field days,” reviews by the Earl of Chatham (December 1824, May 1825) and half yearly inspections by General Sir George Dow (December 1824, May and December 1825). Two later entries describe a “Field Day of the 43rd Rt. Infy. Depot, Commanding by Major [?]. Devonport, October 1826” and “A Field Day of the 37th Regt., half yearly inspection before Gen. Sir George Bingham, Cork, 5th May 1827.”
“Gibraltar is a heavily fortified British air and naval base that guards the Strait of Gibraltar, which is the only entrance to the Mediterranean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean. Since the 18th century, Gibraltar has been a symbol of British naval strength, and it is commonly known in that context as “the Rock.” <…> In 1704, during the War of the Spanish Succession, Sir George Rooke captured Gibraltar for the British, and Spain formally ceded it to Britain under the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. The Spanish nevertheless made several attempts to retake Gibraltar from Britain, most notably in a protracted but unsuccessful military siege that lasted from 1779 to 1783. In 1830 Gibraltar became a British crown colony. The opening of the Suez Canal (1869) heightened British determination to keep possession of Gibraltar, since the Mediterranean was the main route to Britain’s colonies in East Africa and southern Asia” (Encyclopaedia Britannica).
[Collection of 185 Celluloid Negatives and Eight Glass Negative Slides Taken during the 1932 Cambridge Expedition to the Vatnajökull Ice Cap in Iceland].
Ca. 1932. 185 celluloid negatives, including 107 large ones, ca. 8x11 cm (3 1/8 x 4 ¼ in), and 78 smaller ones, ca. 6x9 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ½ in); with 8 glass slides of the same size as the smaller slides. All negatives and slides in the original paper or parchment paper envelopes numbered in ink in the upper corners. Housed in a period card box. Overall a very good collection.
Historically important collection of original negatives and slides taken during the Cambridge expedition to the Vatnajökull ice cap in southeastern Iceland in June-August 1932. The main goal of the expedition was “to make a double crossing of the ice cap by sledge and ski, and to carry out a geographical and biological survey of two areas: one in the central Odadahraun desert north of Vatnajökull, and the other in the narrow coastal strip between the ice cap and the sea on the south coast” (Roberts, B.B. The Cambridge Expedition to Vatnajokull, June-August 1932/ Notes// Cambridge Mountaineering. 1934). The expedition was supported by the Scott Polar Research Institute and included B. B. Roberts from Emmanuel College (ornithologist) and leader), F. W. Anderson from the University College, Southampton (geologist and zoologist), J. A. Beckett from Sidney Sussex, Cambridge (surveyor), P. Falk from King's College (botanist), W. L. S. Fleming from Trinity Hall (geologist), and W. V. Lewis from Caius College (seismologist and surveyor). The expedition arrived in Iceland aboard the trawler “Lord Balfour of Burleigh,” landing at Höfn, Hornafjordur in the southeast of the island. The transportation of the expedition equipment to the edge of ice was carried out with the use of ponies, later all cargo was dragged up by the expedition members on specially prepared Norwegian sledges. The expedition crossed Vatnajökull in a little bit over than two weeks, surveyed the central desert and discovered and mapped a new mountain range on the northern side of the ice cap, rising to a height of 5,600 ft.; it was named Kverkfjoll Eystri (Eastern Gorge Mountain).
The negatives and slides document the whole expedition, starting from the outward journey aboard the trawler “Lord Balfour of Burleigh;” the images show the trawler and scenes on board, the landing at Höfn, Hornafjordur, movement with the ponies up the grassy river valleys, sledging across the Vatnajökull, several base camps, expedition members skiing, pulling sledges, surveying, resting, et al. A group of one glass slide and three celluloid negatives represent a panoramic view of the Kverkfjoll mountain range discovered by the expedition – the first photographic image of this part of the Vatnajökull ice cap. A number of negatives depict various views of the ice cap, glaciers, rivers, waterfalls et al. There is also an interesting image of the expedition members pulling their sledges and dressed in oilskins and sou’wester hats due to heavy rain and fog. A series of seven glass slides reproduce original drawings done by Frederic William Anderson during the expedition – humorous portraits of the members, skiing scenes, an illustration to an Icelandic saga and others. Overall a very interesting important collection.
12. [JAPAN, HONG KONG, SINGAPORE & HAWAII]
[Attractive Lacquered Album with 112 Original Photographs of Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Hawaii Taken During an Around the World Trip Titled]: Around the World, 1900.
1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 32,5x41 cm). With112 gelatin silver prints of various size mounted on 21 stiff card leaves, including 10 large images, ca. 25,5x29 cm (ca. 10 x 11 ½ in), and three large colour photos, ca. 20x26 cm (ca. 8x10 ¼ in). Manuscript ink captions on the mounts. Original lacquered Japanese album with leather spine, marbled paper endpapers, all edges gilt. Rebacked in style, boards slightly rubbed and neatly repaired on the corners, minor foxing of the endpapers, otherwise a very good album.
The album includes photos taken by a British traveller during a trip around the world, dated 20 March – 31 August 1900. The author left London in the beginning of March on the P.& O. Steamer Arcadia and proceeded to Port Said and Colombo, where he changed to the R.M.S. Chusan for Hong Kong. After calling at Penang and Singapore he arrived to Hong Kong, and visited Canton and Macao. Then he proceeded to Japan, arriving to Kobe on 4 May and travelling around the country until the end of June. On 20 June he left on S.S. “Futami Maru”, calling at Manila, Samoa, and Hawaii. One of the last photos dated 31 August 1900 shows the Niagara Falls.
The images of Japan comprise the majority of the album (63) and include views of Yokohama harbour, Tokyo (Kameido shrine, private house owned by certain Englishman Milne et al.), Kiga, a series of images of the Nikko shrines with the “celebrated Red Lacquer Bridge”, Eaimitsu temple, Karamon gate, bronze Torii, “Avenue of criptomenia trees”, botanical garden et al. Interesting in the image of the “fish flags” waving in Nikko during the Tango no Sekku or the Boys Holiday – “the idea is that as the fish swims against the stream, so may the boy ‘swim’ through life”. The author also took a series of photos of a temple procession in Nikko, with a picture of “3 gold shrines, 75 men to carry each. These are not allowed to be photographed”. Other images shows street musicians, small tea houses and hotels, Kyoto geishas, Nagoya Castle, Nara City et al. Three colour photos show Lake Hakone and Mount Fuji. The album opens with a self portrait of the compiler shown mounted on a horse, with his guide Hirakata, at the Otome Toge pass where “one gets a magnificent view of Fujiyama”.
A series of interesting photos of China include view of the Hong Kong harbour with the building of the Club, “the Queen’s road” and monument to the Queen Victoria in Hong Kong, view of Macao taken from the hotel ‘Boa Vista’, several dreadful images of execution of pirates in Canton, native boats crowded on the Canton river, a portrait of the travelling party at the palace of “Li Hung Chang” (Li Hongzhang, 1823-1901, a noted Chinese politician) et al. The beginning of the album numbers 14 views of Port Said, Colombo, Penang and Singapore, with street views, native boats with painted eyes in the bows, diving boys, and islands near Singapore which “we were passing nearly all day & each one seemed more beautiful that the last”. In the end of the album there are over a dozen photos of Manila, Samoa and Hawaii with large views of Honolulu, scenes of “Cricket at Apia”, portraits of natives, Hawaiian dancers et al.
13. [LEPROSY IN INDIA]
HUTCHINSON, Roger Jackson (1867-1950)
[Manuscript Diary Kept during a Tour of India and Ceylon together with his Father, noted English Surgeon and Pathologist Jonathan Hutchinson, with the Purpose of Field Research and Professional Discussion of Leprosy].
Ca. 1902-1903. Octavo (ca. 21,5x16,5 cm). ,  leaves (filled in generally on rectos only). Black ink on lined paper. With over forty pieces of various ephemera mounted on versos of the leaves (printed postcards, invitations, menus, programs, tickets et al.). With two botanical specimen and a piece of a snake skin mounted ibidem. With eight printed postcards and nine hotel bills from the trip loosely inserted. Original marbled paper covered boards, neatly rebacked in blue straight grained half morocco; spine with raised bands and gilt lettered title “India. Journal.” Owner’s ink inscription “Roger J. Hutchinson. Haslemere, Dec. 26, 1902” on the first free endpaper. The front endpaper with a crack at the hinge neatly repaired, otherwise a very good journal.
Interesting firsthand account of a tour made around India and Ceylon by noted English surgeon, dermatologist, venereologist and pathologist Sir Jonathan Hutchinson (1828-1913) in December 1902-March 1903. He was accompanied by his son, Dr. Roger Jackson Hutchinson who compiled this diary, and a daughter Ursula Christina Hutchinson (b. 1870). During the tour they visited Colombo, Kandy, Madurai, Madras (Chennai), Calcutta (Kolkata), Darjeeling, Purulia (Bengal), Benares, Agra, Lahore, Amritsar and Jalandhar (Punjab), Delhi, Jaipur, and Bombay (Mumbai). The tour was organized in order to inspect Indian hospitals and to research existing cases of leprosy and parangi (yawn) – a topic which Hutchinson was highly interested in for the most part of his career. The diary records Hutchinson’s regular visits of general hospitals, leper asylums, medical colleges, his meetings with the medical authorities and addresses to the local doctors.
Apart from professional visits the party enjoyed local nature, visited numerous religious and historic sites, made souvenir purchases on the markets, attended special events, e.g. A ball in the German embassy in Colombo given in honour of the German Emperor’s birthday (a program is attached) et al. The diary is supplemented with notes at rear about Indian manners and customs, and with a list of purchases indicating the item, place where it was bought, and the price.
Some excerpts from the diary:
“January 26th. [Colombo]. Then on to the great event of our stay – the Medical Meeting & address. The Professor in most excellent form, everyone enchanted though as a whole dissentient from him as to his views on Parangi. Inclined to accept his views as to leprosy.”
“Jan. 30th. I must say that the journey through Southern India is extremely interesting. All sorts of strange & beautiful birds, weaver birds’ nests and the people with their flocks of goats & buffaloes and their rice harvesting and irrigation, all combine to make one avoid sleep or train novels.”
“February 9th. [Calcutta]. At 4 o’c. The great Calcutta Leprosy address at the Medical College: this was attended by between 300 & 400 medical men; a great welcome given the Professor. Then in the evening, having had just time to snatch a hasty dinner we were carried off to a meeting of the Calcutta (native) Medical Society…”
“February 19th. [Benares]. In the afternoon with the help of a guide drove to the Monkey Temple and to the River. Our troubles begin with the Guide: he insists on showing us things we do not want to see: we are forced into the Monkey Temple and are there crowned with wreaths of flowers by the priests and generally made very uncomfortable. The Temple and Tank are as usual horribly dirty: and beggars abound. Would that we had left that guide behind. The rest of the afternoon is a fight with him to do what we want and not what he does. Home tired & we doubt if we shall like Benares.”
[Notes]: “The Public Vaccinators (native) go to an outlying village and threaten to vaccinate all the children from a leper or from a child of beggar caste if he is not handsomely bought off not to do so. One village telegraphed for the Civil Surgeon (English) to come at once as the Vaccinator was going to do the whole village from lymph of a cow’s ear: this process would have ruined their caste in this world and sent them all to the nether regions in the world to come, as they were all Hindus. On investigation it was found that the P.V. Was a Hindu himself and that the whole affair was a scheme to put off vaccination.”
AGIUS, H[oratio] (1844-1910)
[Album with Twenty-Two Original Photographs of Malta & One loose Image of the R.M.S. Himalaya [With] Twelve Mounted Chromolithographic Bull Fighting Scenes].
Cospiqua-Malta, ca. 1884. Folio (38x28 cm). 30 leaves. Twenty-two albumen photographs mounted on twelve leaves. Most photos ca. 20.5x26 cm (8x10 in). Also, one loose photo ca. 15x28.5 cm (6x11 in) of the R.M.S. Himalay a with part of lower mount missing and twelve mounted chromolithographic bull fighting scenes, J. Arias, Sevilla. Period style gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with dark olive cloth boards. Mounts mildly foxed, otherwise a very good album.
Horatio Agius worked in Malta from (ca. 1860 to 1900) and exhibited his photographs in London 1866. Eighteen of the photos are signed H. Agius and these generally strong unfaded images include views of: Maltese costumes, English, German and French Curtain, Armory, Governor's Palace, Auberge de Castille, General View Great Harbour, Royal Theatre, St. John's Church, Gate of Citta' Vecchia, General View of Floriana, Fort St. Angelo, Saluting Battery & Customs House, Entrance of the Great Harbour, Strada Reale, Landing Place Mar.
15. [MANZANILLO, CUBA]
[Collection of Period Manuscript Copies of the Official Papers Compiled by Various Citizens of the City of Manzanillo, Cuba, Describing its History, Politics, and Topography].
[Manzanillo, ca. 1822]. Folio (ca. 31,5x21,5 cm).  leaves disbound from a stub. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, legible handwriting in Spanish. Paper age toned, with light soiling and wear, some ink bleed; old stab holes in left margin. Overall a very good document.
Extensive collection of period manuscript copies of several important documents, compiled by various citizens of the port city of Manzanillo, located in the Granma Province of eastern Cuba, on the Gulf of Guacanayabo near the delta of the Cauto River. The documents include copies of petitions and contracts and contain important information on the history, politics, and economic development of Manzanillo. The notes relate to the city port upgrades, construction of sugar refineries, improvement of defense, Manzanillo’s natural resources and geography, and the further development of agriculture and commerce in the area. The city’s proximity to Santiago and the island of Jamaica are noted and described as an advantage for further developing the town, which at that time had twelve streets, 388 houses, and a population of about 2,700 people. The purpose of the petitions seems to be in the achievement of greater municipal autonomy and authority.
There is a copy of the census made by Miguel Fernandez, dated Dec. 2, 1819, which is broken down according to race, and whether the people in question were slaves or freemen. The document also relates a tale of six enemy insurgent ships landing and attacking the towns people, who successfully repelled them, on Oct. 7, 1819. It is asserted that these invaders were English – possibly some of the many English filibusterers, unemployed at the end of the Napoleonic Wars, who sailed for South America to participate in the revolutions underway there at that time. The document closes with the signature of Jose Imbluzqueta, Secretary, and a note dated March 5, 1822.
16. [NAPOLEONIC WARS]
COUTINHO, Domingos António de Sousa, 1st Conde and Marquis de Funchal (1760-1833).
[Manuscript Document by a Notable Portuguese Diplomat, Reporting on Napoleon's 1800 Campaign in Italy, including the Battle of Marengo].
Livorno, 6 July 1800. Folio (36,5x24 cm). 10 leaves stitched together over pink ribbons; pink stitching in gutter mostly gone. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, text in Portuguese. Leaves 1-7 and the table of contents on verso of the last leaf written in neat and legible secretarial hand, leaves 8-9 – by Sousa Coutinho, with his name at the bottom of leave 9 (recto). With a leaf of a French manuscript text loosely inserted. Paper slightly age toned and with mild creases, but overall a very good manuscript.
This manuscript report by prominent Portuguese diplomat D. Domingo Antonio de Sousa Coutinho deals with Napoleon's 1800 campaign in Italy, including the siege of Genoa and the Battle of Marengo and its aftermath. The author, as a diplomat, was focused on the manoeuvrings that resulted in the Convention of Alexandria signed the day after the Battle of Marengo by Napoleon and Austrian General Michael von Melas. By the Convention, Austria ceded all Italy above the Mincio River to the French. Sousa Coutinho reports more briefly on the activities of the British fleet and military manoeuvres in various towns and regions of Northern Italy (Lucca, Bologna, Florence, Genoa, and elsewhere). These observations were made in the author's capacity as special envoy to the Court at Naples. There is a rather vague single-line reference (f. 2r) to "Mylord Nelson, Cavalheiro Hamilton e Miladi sua mulher".
The leaf laid in, in French, begins "Traduction literalle. J'ai reçu et mis sous les yeux de S.A.R. La Prince Regent notre Maitre votre Depeche." It relays orders to give "deux millions de Livres en pieces Portuguaises de 6.400 à la disposition du Gouvernement François."
D. Domingos António de Sousa Coutinho, a Portuguese diplomat and political figure, represented Portugal in Turin (1796-1803). Brother of D. Rodrigo de Sousa Coutinho, the first Conde de Linhares, he served for many years, with distinction, as Portuguese ambassador to the Court of St. James (1803-1814) and to Rome (1814-1818). In the civil war that was raging when he died, he lent his considerable support to D. Maria II. A member of the Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa and author of numerous works on diplomatic and political questions, he was responsible for the publication of the periodical “Investigador Português” in London, a counter blast to the “Correio Brasiliens”, edited by Hipólito José da Costa. From February 26 to July 4, 1821 he served as regent for the absent D. João VI. Sousa Coutinho was created Conde de Funchal in 1808 by the future D. João VI, acting as Prince Regent for his mother D. Maria I. Shortly before his death in England in 1833, he was made Marquês de Funchal by D. Pedro, former Emperor of Brazil, acting as regent for his daughter D. Maria II.
See: Afonso Eduardo Martins Züquete, ed., “Nobreza de Portugal e do Brazil”, II, 629; also “Grande enciclopédia” XI, 964-5.
17. [OLDEST DRUGSTORE IN THE PHILIPPINES]
RÜMKER, Paul (1869 – after 1929)
[Extensive Archive of Paul Rümcker, one of the Owners of Botica Boie - the first Drugstore in the Philippines, Containing over 220 Original Photos, Including Portraits of Rümcker and other Members of the German Community in the Philippines, Photos of the Botica Boie, German Estates, Scenes from their Trips around the Islands, Views of the Local Villages and People et al.; with over 80 Postcards with the Views of the Philippines, Including 18 Written by Rümcker or Addressed to Him or His Associates].
The Philippines, ca. 1900-1910s., several items ca. 1930s. Over 220 loose gelatin silver or albumen prints of various size; some mounted on card, the majority unmounted. Photos from ca. 6x10 cm (2 ¼ x 4 in) to ca. 15,5x20,5 cm (6x8 in). Several with period pencil captions in German on verso. With over 80 printed and real photo postcards, including 18 filled in and with German or Philippine postal stamps on verso. Some photos with mild creases, several slightly faded or with silvering, but overall a very good collection. With: Centennial Memorial. Botica Boie. Philippine American Drug Co. 1830-1930. Manila: Sugar News Press, . Octavo. , 104 pp. With two folding plates, numerous illustrations in text. Original publisher’s illustrated wrappers. A very good copy. Paul Rümcker’s pencil inscription on the front wrapper.
With: The Manila Times: Investors and Settlers Edition. [Manila], February 1910. Elephant Folio. 124 pp., with numerous illustrations in text. Period cloth hard cover with original both publisher’s illustrated wrappers attached to the front and rear boards. A very good copy.
Extensive and interesting photographic archive of Paul Rümker, one of the German owners of “Botica Boie” – famous drugstore in Manila and the oldest in the Philippines, with important materials on the history and business operations of “Botica Boie” and the German community in the Philippines at the time.
The collection includes eight original photos of the drugstores in the Philippines, including the exterior and interior of the Botica Boie (three photos show its storefront facing the Escolta Street in Manila, with one image of the storefront under reconstruction); American drugstore in Manila (apparently, the one on the Escolta Street), and a large photo (in three copies) of Botica Boie’s branch in Vigan (Luzon Island). Historically important are Paul Rümker’s cabinet portrait photo and 18 postcards sent or received by him in the Philippines and Germany (all but one dated 1900-1910s, one - 1930). Very interesting are real photo postcards showing a group portrait of German businessmen in Manila, German Club in Manila (1931), Rümcker’s land lot in Baguio and flooded Escolta Street where the Botica Boie was located.
There are also 24 individual and group portraits of the members of German community in the Philippines; two photos are with pencil captions on verso, identifying 12 people, including P. Rümker, R. Germann, the owner of “Germann & Co.” (exporters, importers and insurance agents in Manila), and Gustav Kiene, head brewer of the San Miguel Brewery, the only brewery in the Philippine Islands at the time. Sixteen original photos depict German owned houses, mansions and estates in the Philippines, with the Germans and sometimes local servants posing to the camera. One photo shows three Germans sitting at the open terrace of a restaurant in the Philippines with the sign “Waldkneipe!”
Over 70 photos depict various regions the Philippines, apparently taken by Germans during their travels to the countryside and showing them posing next to their summer houses, in native villages, with the locals, inspecting a train crash on a railway, being carried in palanquins by the locals et al. There are also interesting group portraits of the Philippine people from different tribes, native villages, a view of a destroyed port and damaged vessels in the Philippines (apparently, after a tsunami) et al. A series of seven photos depicts a German party on a holiday trip to Calamba, 54 km south of Manila.
There are also over thirty photos depicting Rumker’s railway travel through Manchuria (apparently, on his way to China; he arrived to Manila from China and entered the service of Botica Boie in 1894). The photos are housed in the envelope signed “Mukden,” and include views of the Dalian vicinity (signed “Dalny”), and South Manchuria railway (views of rails, train cars, locals, Chinese villages, and landscapes, obviously taken from a car window).
The collection also contains 27 blank printed postcards and 36 blank real photo postcards showing the Philippines (series of views of Baguio, the Benguet Road, two real photo postcards showing a wreck on a steamer on the Philippines’ coast; views of Manila, Zamboanga City, the Jolo Island, Mayon Volcano, interiors of the Manila Hotel et al.) With over seventy photos, apparently from Rümker’s family archive, generally, portraits of German relatives.
The collection is supplemented with a historical overview of Botica Boie published to its centennial jubilee, with Rümker’s autograph on the front wrapper. There is also a special issue of the “Manila Times” dedicated to the most important businesses of the archipelago; the volume contains an extensive article on the “Botica Boie,” as well as other German-owned businesses in the Philippines.
“Botica Boie” dates back its history to 1830 when it was founded in Manila Dr. Lorenzo Negrao, a Spanish physician. It received its famous name in 1884 when it was bought by Reinhold Boie. In 1902 the business was bought by Friedrich Stahl and Paul Rümker, “both having had many years of service in the company”. The firm name changed into Botica Boie, Stahl and Rümker, Proprietors. In 1906 Stahl & Rümker established a buying office in Hamburg which the partners took turns in managing. In 1914 Mr. Stahl went there to relieve Mr. Rümker and was caught by the war. They asked Ernst Israel, who had been with the firm for eight years, to manage the business in Manila.
In 1916 the Botica Boie moved to new quarters, needing more space to accommodate the growing business of the establishment, after having occupied its former building for the period of eighty-six years. In 1918 the United States Alien Property Custodian sold Botica Boie to the Philippine American Drug Company fo P. 1,250,000 (See more: Centennial Memorial. Botica Boie. Philippine American Drug Co. 1830-1930, Manila, 1930). The company continues its operations nowadays under the name “BOIE, INC. - Pioneer Filipino Pharmaceutical Company”.
The German Dispensary, “one of the pioneer houses in this field, which began business in Manila three-quarters of a century ago. This well known establishment is situated on the Escolta, the principal business street of Manila, and is one of the largest concerns of its kind in the city. Here one may purchase, not only well known remedies, but the rarest of drugs. This store carries in stock about everything known to the sciences of medicine, botany and surgery. <…> This firm has what is perhaps the most complete line of surgical instruments to be found in the Orient <…>
Besides its drug business, which is both wholesale and retail, the German Dispensary also operates one of the largest bottling works in the Philippines. Here waters of all kinds are prepared with the scrupulous care that characterizes all of the products of this firm. <…> The firm is also the oldest distiller of ylang-ylang, the flower which grows only in the Philippine Islands and from which is made some of the finest perfume in the world. <…> The drug store itself is fitted with all the elegant simplicity that is characteristic of the largest drug store in the United States. The fittings are of hardwood, and rows of modern glass showcases furnish attractive means for displaying the many things for sale” (The German Dispensary// The Manila Times: Investors and Settlers Edition, February 1910, p. 107).
Germans started to actively settle in Manila in the 1850-1870s, and in the end of the 19th century formed the largest after the British non-Spanish foreign group in Manila. In the late 1890s Germany’s aspiration of acquiring the Philippines as a colony grew, which resulted in the German navy squadron participation in the manoeuvres in the Manila Bay together with US Commodore George Dewey shortly after the American Victory in the Battle of the Manila Bay (1 May 1898) of the Spanish-American War. Although the Philippines became the American colony, German presence was strong, with 264 people in the early 1900s, and the Casino Union as a German cultural and social club being formed in the 1880s.
18. [RABAUL, NEW GUINEA WWI INTERNMENT CAMP]
[A Historically Important Archive of Letters and Printed Items Relating to the Men's and Women's Internment Camps and Martial Law in Rabaul, New Guinea During World War I].
The collection includes: Ten Letters Dated from 3rd of September 1914 to the 8th of May 1918 Including ones Written From the Camps by Kurt and Gretel Kuhn; [With] Four Printed Proclamations and Notices from 17th of September 1914 to 1st of September 1915; [With] a Privately Printed Essay on the Rabaul Internment Camps of WWI; [With] Privately Printed Autobiography of Gretel Kuhn.
"At the outset of World War I, at the behest of Great Britain, Australia — as one of the Dominions of the British Empire — defeated the German military garrison in Rabaul and occupied the territory with the volunteer Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force" (Wikipedia).
In the summer of 1915 martial law was proclaimed by the British Military Administration in German New Guinea and all German men, women and children were interned. Seven of the letters (one in duplicate) in this archive relate to the three week period in the summer of 1915 when Kurt Kuhn was interned at Louris Kino and Gretel Kuhn at Rabaul. These letters dated from July 1915 from the camps relate to conditions in the camps, new arrivals, day to day requirements of supplies etc. In one letter dated 28th July 1915 Kuhn appeals to acting British Military Administrator Lieut.-Colonel F. W. Toll to inform the Neu Guinea Company agents messrs Lohmann & Co. in Sydney that Kuhn is currently interned and so that they should not expect any copra shipments from him in the near future. In another letter (copy) to Toll from the 29th of July 1915, Kuhn requests that Toll not allow "half cast ladies" to be interned together with German ladies. The tone and content of the letters is rather formal even between Kuhn and his wife due to the fact that the letters were reviewed by censors. As these camps were very remote and small and only existed a short time, camp letters like these are almost unknown. The printed material includes: A two page proclamation of the terms of capitulation of German New Guinea (17th Sept. 1914); A Government Gazette proclamation of martial law in and throughout the Colony of German New Guinea (15th Aug. 1915); A typescript manuscript detailing the items Germans must surrender under martial law (19th Aug. 1915); Government notice prohibiting the flogging of natives (1st Sept. 1915). Kurt Albert Kuhn (1885-1964) was the director of the Neu Guinea Companie from 1914-1921 and was married to Margarethe (Gretel) Katharina Kuhn (1891-1981).
19. [ROSARIO, ARGENTINA]
[Album with ca. 140 Original Photos of Rosario City in Argentina, Taken by One of the British Associates of the “Rosario Gas Works”].
Ca. 1902-1908. Quarto (ca. 30x24,5 cm). 24 card leaves. With ca. 140 gelatin silver prints, including four panoramas (three- and two-part) ca. 13,5x29 cm (5 ¼ x 11 ¼ in) and slightly smaller, 30 images ca. 11,5x16,5 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in), the rest are ca. 7,5x9,5 cm (3 x 3 ¾ in). About 30 images with period pencil captions on the mounts. With a period unfinished manuscript table of contents bound in at rear, and with 23 gelatin silver prints taken in England, mounted at the beginning of the album. Period album with navy blue cloth boards, neatly rebacked; dark green sheep corners and spine with a gilt lettered title “Argentina.” Several images slightly faded or with minor silvering, but overall a very good album with strong images.
Interesting collection of historically significant original photos of the Rosario Gasworks, Argentina, compiled by one of its British associates. The images include four large panoramic views of the industrial facilities of the Rosario Gasworks, a street in Rosario with the gas manager’s house (Plaza Brown), and Rosario’s suburb Alberdi. Among other images of the Rosario Gasworks are views of the facilities on Calle Rioja (the bank of the Parana River) and Calle 1 de Mayo, old Deposito de Inflamables in the Rosario port and the Gasworks’ coal shed, several photos of the machinery with local workers and various operations, including “Coke on fire” and “Loading Tar.” A series of photos show the river port of Rosario with several steamers (Etruria, Maria Manuela laden with oranges, S.S. Antaeus under repair and others), a coal ship for the Rosario Gasworks, smaller sailing boats, port workers et al. Six photos depict a process of “Bringing in coal” from the port on a small trolley. Very interesting are two large images of a steam automobile “Purrey” and Stewart Thornycroft steam wagon, which apparently were used at the Rosario Gasworks.
There are also nice street views of Rosario, showing Plaza Almirante Brown, Cathedral of Rosario, Hotel Esperanza, railway depot, cemetery, “My lodging, Rosario Gas Works, Calle 1 de Mayo” (two views taken from the main street and from the back), scenes of a launch of a balloon, several photos of a holiday procession on Rosario streets (probably, religious); Rosario neighbourhood Alberdi and others. Several photos portray members of the Lomas family, apparently one of the owners of the Rosario Gasworks. Overall a very interesting important album.
“The city stand 65 feet over the river, and is built in chess-board fashion, like Buenos Ayres. It covers about 500 cuadras, or 2,000 acres, in the form of a triangle, the base resting on the river. <…> The gas-works are near the riverside, and supply 6,100 lights, of which 450 are street lamps; the pipes are over 10 miles” (Mulhall, M.G. & E.T. Handbook of the River Plate, Comprising the Argentine Republic, Uruguay, and Paraguay. Buenos Ayres, 1885, p. 425).
20. [URUGUAYAN WAR]
THRESHER, William, Lt. RN. [Original Manuscript Journal Titled in Manuscript:] Journal of H.M. Screw Steam Corvette “Satellite“ 21 Guns.
Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Stanley (Falkland Islands), 1 March 1864 - 7 September 1865. Small Octavo (ca. 18x11 cm). T.p.,  pp., 16 blank leaves. Black ink on laid lined paper. With six small pencil sketches tipped in. Original black skiver notebook with gilt tooled borders on the boards and marbled endpapers, neatly rebacked. A very good journal.
Historically significant detailed naval journal kept by Lieutenant William Thresher, RN during his service on board HM screw steam corvette Satellite, when stationed in Montevideo. The journal thoroughly describes Satellite’s daily life and naval exercise, mentions all warships visiting and staying in Montevideo, and presents a valuable first-hand account of the events of the Uruguayan War (10 August 1864 – 20 February 1865), which the crew of the Satellite took part in, as a part of the international peacekeeping force during the fights in Montevideo. The journal records the Satellite’s short trips between Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro, and Buenos Aires, together with a detailed description of the travel and naval exercise in the Falkland Islands in December 1864. There are also frequent mentions of the American Civil War.
The journal is illustrated with six pencil drawings tipped-in between the pages, depicting: American Federal Sloop of War Sacramento, “the best specimen I have seen of a Sloop of war;” Federal American War Steamer Waterwee; “Onward” slaver taken fitted for slaves by HMS Alecto; Screw Steamer Flying Fish; HMS Bombay's and HMS Arctic’s steam launches; “Sophy,” the boat of the Governor of the Falkland Islands.
William Thresher entered the navy in 1854, became a midshipman in 1856, lieutenant in August 1861 and retired as a Commander in 1870 (Warren, C. Royal Navy List… January 1880, p. 102). HMS Satellite was a wooden Pearl-class screw corvette launched in 1855 and broken up in 1879. On 5 May 1862 - 22 September 1865, it was stationed on the south-east coast of America, under command of Captain Stephen Smith Lowther Crofton,
Overall a beautiful naval journal with rich and historically significant content.
Several excerpts from the journal:
Montevideo, 26 July 1864. Arrived French mail steamer bringing the news of the destruction of the famous Confederate cruiser Alabama by the Federal Sloop of War Kearsage on the 19th June off Cherbourg.
Stanley, the Falkland Islands, 6-15 December 1864.
6 December: Manned and armed boats to send them away to fire. [Then follows a detailed description of the gunnery practice:] <…> when clearing the boats after practice the launch got adrift and the wind catching her on the port bow, heeled her over so much that the gun capsized jamming the man who was stowing away the anchor, which he very naturally dropped overboard and lost.
8 December: The “Sophy” [the Governor’s boat] is merely an eighteen gun’s brig <…> and decked with a small cabin and forepeak <…> and is under the charge of the Harbour Master of Stanley “Melville” who was an old seaman in the “Tune” frigate on this station some years ago. His crew consisted of as he himself expressed of a “jailbird” who was an American by birth, a Southerner from Florida, but with Yankee notions and ideas. He worked well, but was rather inclined to be saucy.
15 December: Held public theatrical at the Eagle Tavern by the good nature of a publican called Goss, under the management of Lieut. Holbrook. A full house to the Bluejackets performances of The Miller and His Men, Who Speaks First, and Box and Cox.
Montevideo, 10 January 1865. Officer of the Guard came on board and informed us of the terrible loss of HMS Bombay (2nd Rate 84) by fire off the Flores Island on 14th December and of the survivors having left the River Plate on 22nd December for England, 93 lives supposed to have been lost. Heard also of the capture of Salto and Paycando by the allied Brazilian and Colorado forces. Landed marines under command of Lieut. Holbrook to protect the English Bank.
Montevideo, 26 January – 24 February 1865. Detailed description of the blockade of Montevideo by the Brazilian fleet, with refugees leaving the city, and street fights between the Blanco and the Colorado forces.
14 February. Rumours flying about alternately - Peace in the Morning - War to the Knife in the Afternoon - No believing anything or anybody. Landed and walked with Lieuts Miller and Masters through the White outposts into the Red lines and returned into town to hear that a President had been elected.
18 February. At 1 pm landing party of the Allied Neutral forces disembarked and occupied the Customs House. The French held the centre, the English the right, Spanish and Italian the left. Captain Joulard of the French flagship Astree in command of the allied forces. Landed Commander Wells, being in command of the English, Lieut Thresher, Sub Lieut Russell and Taylor from Satellite with 40 seamen, Lieut Holbrook RM and 36 marines from Satellite, with marines from other vessels <...> We had tolerably comfortable quarters, a sitting room, a sleeping room, a bath room and an office. Sub Lieut Rainier with 10 men were detached to the English Bank, Sub Lieut Russell with 4 men at the Portuguese Consulate. [Numerous refugees from the town claimed protection at the Customs House, including] a notorious ruffian Colonel Coriolanus Marquez and Mrs. Reyes wife of a leader of the Blanco party. They were accepted on board a Spanish brig of war.
20 February. At 3 am the main body of the Custom’s House guard, the English marines and bluejackets, leading the French next, Spanish and Italian last, marched out of the Customs House with loaded rifles and fixed bayonets (but arms not capped) and under command of Commander Wells proceeded to the Fueste or Government House and occupied it. <…> The street gate to the English quarters was immediately barricaded and the bluejackets' rifles loaded and a guard ready to defend the gate if pressed.
21 February. At 3 pm General Camballo and the advanced guard of the Colorados entered the town quietly <…> the Colorado troopers were riding freely about the place, the bells of the Cathedral rang forth with holiday chimes, crackers let off in the streets (regardless of the powder magazines), and all knew at last for certain that the Capital had surrendered, and that Flores for two years the Rebel <…> was Ruler of Montevideo.
21. [WEST AFRICA AND THE WEST INDIES]
ARDEN, Edward H., Lieutenant, R.N. (1843-1879)
[Album with Forty-five Original Ink Drawings and Six Albumen Photographs from Arden’s Voyages Aboard HMS Boxer and HMS Druid to West Africa and the Caribbean, Including Historically Important Drawings of the Niger Punitive Expedition of 1877].
Ca. 1874-1878. Folio (ca. 32,5x28 cm). 38 card leaves (11 blank). With 45 ink drawings, including over twenty large ones, ca. 16x20 cm (6 ¼ x 7 ¾ in) and larger. With twelve ink drawn charts indicating the ships’ tracks, from ca. 9x20,5 (3 ½ x 7 ¾ in) to ca. 20,5x26,5 cm (8 x 10 ¼ in). Also with six albumen prints from ca. 9x12 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in) to ca. 18x23,5 cm (7 x 9 ¼ in), and a paper silhouette of a naval officer mounted in the end. The vast majority of the drawings signed, dated and titled on the lower margins. Original green full roan album by Henningsham & Hollis with raised bands, moire endpapers and all edges gilt. Engraved bookplate of Edward Arden on the first pastedown. Minor foxing of the album leaves, album rubbed on extremities, three drawings apparently removed. Otherwise a very good album with beautiful drawings.
Beautiful album of ink drawings and original photos compiled by Royal Navy Lieutenant Edward H. Arden, with a firsthand visual account of the British Navy Niger Expedition of 1877. Arden was serving on HMS Boxer (A.H. Allington, Commander) which together with HMS Pioneer and HMS Avon carried out a punitive mission to the villages in the lower reaches of the Niger River in August 1877. The album contains five finely executed large panoramas of the Niger River villages Onitsha, Oko, Ndoni and the bombardment of the Emblana village by HMS Pioneer, Avon and Boxer on August 17, 1877 (two views). The other ink drawings related to HMS Boxer’s service on the coast of West Africa include large panoramas of the Banana Creek (River Congo), St. Paul de Loanda, Sierra Leone (taken from a photo), and Point William (Fernando Po); smaller views of the Tenerife Island, St. Vincent (Cape Verde), Cape Coast Castle, Kinsembo, Accra, Christiansburg Castle, St. Helena, and others. There are also twelve charts showing the track of HMS Boxer from Plymouth (March 1877) to Madeira, St. Vincent, Sierra Leone, Cape Coast Castle, Lagos, Fernando Po, the Congo, St. Paul de Loando, St. Helena, Ascension Island and the Cape of Good Hope (autumn 1878).
The first part of the album is dedicated to Arden’s service on board HMS Druid in 1874-77. Among the drawings are a large view of HMS Druid leaving Sheerness in August 1874, panoramas of Funchal in Madeira, English Harbour in Antigua, Macaripe Cove in Trinidad, St. Thomas, Carlisle Bay in Barbados, Martinique; six beautiful views of St. Kitts (Basseterre, Milliken and Spencer House Estates, a picnic scene), small views of Dominica, Saba Island et al. There are also four ink drawings of Spain, one of a country house in England, and six large albumen prints, depicting HMS Black Prince, HMS Druid, two groups of the ship’s company, one apparently including Arden (marked with a cross), the naval hospital at Port Royal, Jamaica, and a cemetery (apparently, also in Jamaica). Arden died of yellow fever in Kingston, Jamaica, on 9 August 1879, and is buried in the Old Naval Cemetery there (probably the last photograph shows his grave).
“Scarcely had affairs been settled with Dahomey here, in consequence of the refusal of some of the Niger natives to release prisoners whom they had taken from the Sultan of Sokoto, it became necessary to undertake a fresh expedition into the lower reaches of that pestilential river. <…> [HMS Pioneer, HMS Avon and HMS Boxer] proceeded up the stream on August 15th, 1877. <…> On the 17th the flotilla brought to off Emblana, and, after an unsatisfactory interview had been held with the head men, the people were ordered out of the village, which was promptly subjected to a fire of shell, case, and rockets. A landing party, under Lt. John Salwey Halifax, supported by another under Lt. Edward Henry Arden, then burnt the place, and a number of canoes. Off Osomari, on the evening of the 18th, the Avon piled up on a sandbank, delaying the advance for some hours. On the following day, Onitcha was reached, and on the 21st the local chief gave assurance of friendliness. The vessels next dropped down to Oko, on the other side of the river. The chief of that place, though contumacious and defiant, escaped punishment. On the 26th, when Emblana was repassed, the natives opened fire, whereupon a party landed, chastised them severely, and burnt more of their huts. A village on Stirling Island was subsequently destroyed, with but slight opposition. In these affairs the only loss suffered by the expedition was three men slightly wounded. The ships quitted the river on August 28th” (Cloves, W.L. Military History of the Royal Navy, 1857-1900// The Royal Navy: A History from the Earliest Times to 1900. Vol. VII. 1903. P. 284).
[Large Folding Photograph Panorama of Windhoek, Namibia]: Panorama von Gross-Windhoek.
Windhoek: Mertens & Sichel, ca. 1900. Oblong Octavo (ca. 18x22,5 cm). Large albumen panorama in five segments mounted on card, ca. 14,5x96 cm (5 ¾ x 37 ¾ in). Original publisher’s green half cloth album with red papered boards and silver gilt stamped title and publishers’ name on the front cover. Ink stamp of “4 Proviantkolonne. Kaiserl. Schutztruppe für Südwestafrika” on verso on the mount. Mounts slightly soiled, binding rubbed on extremities, with a minor tear on the top margin of the front cover, but the panorama is sharp and in very good condition.
Interesting early photo panorama of Windhoek published by the local studio of Mertens & Sichel, one of the oldest enterprises in Namibia. Large and sharp, the photo gives a great view of the beginnings of present-day downtown Windhoek. The Alte Feste fort is seen in the far right, and the newly constructed building of the High Court (Alte Bezirksgerichte) are in the centre; piles of bricks prepared for construction are seen in the foreground. According to the stamp on the mount, this copy derives from a library of a local division of the Schutztruppe – German Imperial armed force used in its colonies, including Southwest Africa. Overall a very good bright photo.
23. [ZONGULDAK COAL MINES, TURKEY]
[Photo Album with 82 Original Photographs of the Coal Mines in Zonguldak, Turkey].
Ca. 1909-1913. Oblong Folio (ca. 25x33,5 cm). 24 card leaves. 82 gelatin silver prints, including 34 large photos from ca. 23x28,5 cm (ca. 9 ¼ x 11 ¼ in) to ca. 16,5x23 cm (6 ¼ x 9 in), three large two-part panoramas ca. 24x58 cm (9 ¼ x 22 ¾ in), and one three-part panorama ca. 16,5x70 cm (6 ½ x 27 ½ in). The rest of the images are ca. 8x11 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. The majority of photos with period ink and pencil captions in French on the mounts or on the images. Period beige cloth album with marbled endpapers. Corners slightly bumped, but overall a very good internally clean album with strong images.
Historically significant private photo album compiled by a French manager of the “Société Ottomane des Mines d’Héraclée,” a Turkish joint stock mining company with French capital, which developed the Eregli coalfields near the city of Zonguldak, on the Turkish Black Sea coast. The album depicts the pre-WW1 period of the “Société d’Heraclée’s” activity and opens with a large group portrait of its Turkish and French executives and engineers, featuring nineteen people, with the compiler of the album (“Ego”) in the centre. The other large photos include eleven excellent panoramas and views of the port and harbor facilities in Zonguldak, showing coal transportation ships, industrial piers and railroads; several photos show the Zonguldak port in winter or during a storm. There are also important images of the inauguration of the port dredger and foundry in Zonguldak, as well as of the industrial pier and railway in the nearby town of Kozlu (Cozlou); three great views of the interior of Zonguldak steel factory; group portrait of the local miners, and images of mines and other industrial facilities in Gelik (Guélik), Tchaï Damar, Asma (two-part panorama), and Kozlu. Executives and engineers of the “Société d’Heraclée” present on eight photos, posing for various group portraits; with several people identified in manuscript captions (e.g. Directeur des mines, Hamdi-bey, Docteur Dounias et al.). The smaller images depict Zonguldak city, its European quarter and the house of the compiler of the album, towns of Gelik, Kozlu and Eregli (Heraclea Pontica), picnic in the nearby Iliksu Valley, as well as daily life of the family in Boussan les Bains (Haute-Garonne region, France), also showing the family chateau (constructed in 1773). Overall a very interesting important album with excellent images of Turkish coal mining industry in the early 20th century.
“Société d’Heraclée was founded as an Ottoman joint stock company with French capital, using the 50-year concession previously given to S.E. Yanko Bey Johannides in 1896. This company, with the support of the Ottoman Bank, not only constructed mine installations, but also built a port in Zonguldak together with a railway line connecting them to the port. According to an estimate made in 1911, there were four large foreign capital firms which exploited coal mines. They extracted two million tons of coal annually, and two-thirds of that was produced by the Société d’Heraclée.” (Geyikdagi, H. Foreign Investment in the Ottoman Empire: International Trade and Relations, 1854-1914. London-New York, 2011, p. 120). During the WW1 the majority of Turkish military and civil coal needs was satisfied by the “Société d’Heraclée’s” produce.
24. ARAGO, J[acques Etienne Victor] (1790-1855)
[Atlas Only] Promenade Autour du Monde, Pendant les Annees 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820, sur les Corvettes du Roi l'Uranie et la Physicienne Commandees par M. Freycinet. [Narrative of a Voyage Round the World in the Uranie and Physicienne Corvettes Commanded By Captain Freycinet, During the Years 1817, 1818, 1819, 1nd 1820; on a Scientific Expedition Undertaken By Order of the French Government, in a Series of Letters].
Paris: Leblanc, 1822. First Edition, Second Issue. Folio Atlas. Atlas with a world map and 25 other lithograph plates. This second issue complete but bound without the title page and list of plates as issued by publisher, see Forbes: Hawaiian National Bibliography 537 & 538. Period brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with black pebbled papered boards. Spine with some mild wear and some very minor water staining on the last few leaves, otherwise a very good copy.
"The Uranie, with a crew of 125 men under the command of Captain Louis de Freycinet, entered the Pacific from the West to make scientific observations on geography, magnetism, and meteorology. Arago was the artist of the expedition, which visited Western Australia, Timor, Hawaii, and New South Wales. The original ship was wrecked off the Falkland Islands. Two months later the expedition continued aboard the Physicienne, which stopped for a time at Rio de Janeiro. Captain Freycinet's wife, Rose Pinon, was smuggled on board at the advent of the voyage and made the complete journey, causing some discord among the crew. Freycinet named an island he discovered after her - Rose Island among the Samoa islands. These entertaining letters, written in a lively and witty literary style, provide vivid descriptions of the topography and the inhabitants of the Pacific Islands. The book achieved great success" (Hill 28-9). "The Hawaiian portion of the text, contained on more than 150 pages, records impressions of the artist's stops on Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu. Extensive portions of the text also record the Arago impressions of Australia, Guam, and the Marianas Islands. The artist's main interest (as reflected by the plate subjects) are of peoples encountered. Several of the plates record somewhat gruesome aspects of Hawaiian culture" (Forbes 537); Ferguson 850; Sabin 1867.
25. BRANDEL, Konrad (1838-1920) (Photographer)
[Original Portfolio with Twenty-six Mounted Original Photographs Titled:] Souvenir de Varsovie.
Warsaw: Fot. Brandel, ca. 1870s. 26 leaves. With twenty-six individually mounted albumen photographs each ca. 10,5x15 cm (4 ½ x 6 in). Mounts with decorative printed border and printed titles in Polish and French. Photographs housed in the publisher's original gilt titled maroon cloth oblong quarto portfolio. Covers stained and worn, some mounts with minor foxing, and some photos very mildly faded but overall a very good collection of photographs.
A very rare series of professional mounted photographs of Warsaw. The interesting images of Warsaw's main landmarks include views of: Kosciol sgo Krzyza, Krakowskie Przedmiescie, Palac w Wilanowie, Nowy Swiat, Ratusz, Teatr, Pomnik Sobieskiego w Lazienkach, Zamek i Kolumna Krola Zygmunta, Kosciol Sgo Jozefa Oblubienca N.M.P., Wodotrysk w Saskim Ogrodzie, Obserwatorjum Astronomicz. W Ogrodzie Botanicz, Uniwersytet, Most i Przedmiescie Praga, Teatr w Lazienkach, Palac w Lazienkach, Kosciol Sej Anny. Wyst. Sztuk piek. I res. Obyw. Palac Kronenberga, Kosciol Opieki Sgo Jozefa, Bank Polski, Widok Warzawy z Pragi, Teatr w Ogrodzie Saskim, Hotel Europejski, Plac trzech Krzyzy i Kosciol Sgo Aleksandra, Kosciol w Wilanowie, Senat, & Palac Towarzystwa Kredytowego. Konrad Brandel and his brothers opened their studio at Nowy Swiat # 57 in 1865 and initially the main activity of their company was portrait photography, but the company soon expanded into scientific and topographic photography. At the Polytechnic Exhibition in Moscow in 1872, the company received its first medals (silver) for photography.
26. BYRON, Hon. John (1723-1786)
[Byron's Manuscript Order Book as Commander and (from 30 December 1746) Captain of the Sloop Vulture, 1 May – 16 September 1746, and Subsequently of the Centurion, 27 November – 21 December 1746, of the Syren, 26 January – 6 October 1747, the Falkland, 3 November 1747 – 22 July 1748, the St. Albans Patrolling the Coast of Guinea, 21 February 1748 – 30 August 1752, the Augusta at Plymouth, 16 January – 3 October 1753 and the Vanguard, 17 January 1754 – 27 January 1756].
At sea, 1746-1756. Small Folio (32x20 cm). 88 leaves. Brown ink manuscript in various very legible hands. Original vellum (probably Admiralty issue) with title in ink on front cover (“Order Book 30th April 1746”). The covers a bit soiled and darkened, inner hinges loose, but internally in very good condition.
"In 1740 [Byron] was appointed midshipman to the store ship Wager, one of the squadron under Commodore Anson bound for the Pacific. On 14 May 1741, after rounding Cape Horn, the Wager was wrecked on the southern coast of Chile. The survivors separated, Byron and a few others remaining with the captain. After undergoing considerable hardship they succeeded in reaching Valparaíso, and from here, in December 1744, they were permitted to return to Europe by a French ship, which carried them to Brest. They arrived in England in February 1746"(Oxford DNB). This order book documents Byron's naval career for the next decade after his return from Anson's expedition. The period covered includes when "he was made captain and appointed to the frigate Syren [30 December 1746]. [Then] in August 1748 he married Sophia (d. 1790), daughter of John Trevanion of Carhays in Cornwall; they had two sons and seven daughters, of whom three died in infancy. After the peace Byron commanded the St Albans, one of the squadron patrolling the coast of Guinea; in 1753 he commanded the guard ship Augusta at Plymouth; and in 1755 the Vanguard" (Oxford DNB).
The orders for the St. Albans include several mentions of actions at Cape Coast Castle which was then the capital of the British possessions on the Gold Coast and was later badly damaged by the French in the Seven Years' War. "In 1764 Byron was sent out on a voyage of discovery, during the course of which he circumnavigated the globe [and was able to] claim the Falkland Island for Britain and set a record of twenty-two months for a circumnavigation" (Howgego B200).
18th century captain’s order books like this one are exceedingly rare, especially ones maintained by famous circumnavigators like Byron who was known as ‘Foul-weather Jack’ and for whom Captain Cook named Cape Byron after. This order book comprises of transcripts of the orders, signals, and other official communications received by Byron and sent by him in the course of his various commands during the years 1746-56. Byron was the grandfather of the famous poet bearing his name.
27. CHAPPE D'AUTEROCHE, Jean (1728-1769)
Voyage en Sibérie, fait par ordre du Roi en 1761, contenant Les Moeurs, les Usages des Russes, et l'Etat actuel de cette Puissance: 2 vols.; [With] Krasheninnikov, Stepan Petrovich (1711-1755). Histoire et Description du Kamtchatka, contenant Les Moeurs et les Costumes des Habitants du Kamtchatka, la Géographie du Kamtchatka & des Pays circonvoisins: 2 vols.; [With] [Catherine II] (1729-1796). Antidote ou Examen du mauvais livre superbement imprimé intitulé: Voyage en Sibérie par M. L'Abbé Chappe d 'Auteroche: 2 vols.
[Voyage to Siberia [With] History and Description of Kamtchatka [With] Review of the Bad Book beautifully printed].
Amsterdam: Marc-Michel Rey, 1769-1772. Best French Editions. Small Octavo, 6 vols. , viii, 316; , 317-683, ; , xvi, 439; , 492, ; , 5-272; , 5-296 pp. With half-titles to each volume, engraved title vignettes (in volumes 1-4); frontispiece to vol. 1; ten engraved plates (four folding); two engraved folding maps of Kamchatka by P. Mol after Chappe d'Auteroche; seven engraved plates (two folding) by T. Koning, B. De Bakker, and P.J. Schley; six folding tables. Handsome period brown mottled full calf bindings, gilt tooled spines. Marbled endpapers and edges, period French bookseller’s label on the first pastedown of volume 1. Extremities slightly rubbed otherwise a very good set.
This rare complete set includes the second edition of Chappe d'Auteroche’s voyage to Siberia. It contains meteorological observations, descriptions of the climate, animals, birds, and insects, notes on the iron ore, copper and gold mines etc. Hill 277.
In addition, the second part contains the first unabridged and accurate translation of Krasheninnikov’s work by Chappe d'Auteroche. "The French edition [of Krasheninnikov’s work] published in Amsterdam in two volumes in 1770 is considered more important, since it includes the unabridged translation from the Russian original by Jean Chappe d’Auteroche, first published in his Voyage en Siberie (Paris, 1768)" (Hill 949). Lada-Mocarski considered the Amsterdam edition to be the best of all the French translations (Lada-Mocarski 12, p.61). Chappe d’Auteroche’s Siberie has little bearing on Russian America, except as collateral; but his translation of Krasheninnikov’s Kamchatka contains considerable material on Alaska and the north-west coast of America (Hill 277). The history of Siberia is so intimately interconnected with that of the history of Russian America or Alaska and the early history of the North West Coast of America that these two works are extremely important. Considerable information on the fur trade is included (Kenneth Nebenzahl Auctions).
Finally, the third part contains the anonymous pamphlet "Antidote, or Review of a Bad but Beautifully Printed book ‘Travel to Siberia’" which refutes Chappe d’Auteroche’s statements about Russia as barbaric and backward country. Its authorship is attributed to Catherine the Great herself and Count Andrey Petrovich Shuvalov (Nouvelle Boigraphie Universelle, vol. 9, p. 700).
"The French astronomer travels to Tobolsk, Siberia, by way of St. Petersburg and observes the transit of Venus over the sun. His account provides a mass of detail"(Nerhood 89). "Chappe was chosen to go to Tobolsk in Siberia to observe the transit of Venus expected for 6 June 1761. The trip was arduous and Chappe arrived in Tobolsk with little time to spare, although he was able to observe the lunar eclipse of 18 May, which enabled him to calculate the longitude of Tobolsk. The spring floods of the Tobol and Irtysh rivers had been particularly severe that year, and some of the local peasants blamed the foreigner with his strange equipment who was "messing with the Sun": Chappe had to be protected by a cordon of armed Cossacks to make his observations. Fortunately, the weather conditions were excellent, and Chappe was able to observe the entire transit" (Wikipedia).
Krasheninnikov joined the Russian scientific expedition to East Siberia, lead by Gmelin, and he was the only member of the expedition to penetrate Kamtchatka; he stayed there for four years. The work contains a detailed description of the North-west Coast of America, Alaska, and the Aleutian Islands and thus constitutes one of the first descriptions at all of these parts of the world. Howes K-265; Sabin 38304.
28. COCKBURN, Lieut. Col. [James Pattison] (1779-1847)
The Falls of Niagara. This View of the Horse Shoe Fall, From Goat Island, Is by Special Permission Dedicated to Her Most Excellent Majesty Queen Victoria.
London: Ackermann & Co., 1857. Second Issue. Hand coloured aquatint by C. Hunt ca. 48,5x68 cm (19 ½ x 27 in). Recently matted and in a period frame. Frame with chipping of gilt edges, but overall a very good aquatint.
Plate 6 from a series of six large aquatints by C. Hunt after Lieut. Col. Cockburn. First issued in 1833, this is a plate from the second issue of this rare series from 1857. Engraved after a watercolour by army officer and water-colourist, James Pattison Cockburn, this attractive aquatint shows the powerful Horse Shoe Falls from Goat Island with a family group picnicking on Goat Island in the foreground.
29. CONOLLY, Arthur Lieut. (1807-1842)
Journey to the North of India, Overland from England, Through Russia, Persia, and Affghaunistan.
London: Richard Bentley, 1838. Second Edition, Revised. Octavo, 2 vols. viii, 350; iv; 358,  pp. With two copper engraved frontispieces, two other copper engraved plates and a hand-coloured folding map. With the engraved book plate of William Tayler in both volumes. Handsome brown period elaborately gilt tooled polished full calf. Recased with original spines laid down, a couple of very minor worm tracks in text margins and with a very minor repaired tear of map, but overall a very good set in very original condition.
Arthur Conolly, "participated in many reconnaissance missions into Central Asia and coined the term The Great Game to describe the struggle between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for domination over Central Asia" (Wikipedia).
"In 1829, Conolly obtained leave to return to India through central Asia. He left London on 10 August 1829, travelled through France and Germany to Hamburg, then continued by sea to St Petersburg, where he stayed a month, and then travelled via Tiflis and Tehran to Asterabad. There he disguised himself as an Asian merchant, with a stock of furs and shawls, hoping to reach Khiva. He left Asterabad for the Turkoman steppes on 26 April 1830, but when the little caravan to which he attached himself was about halfway between Krasnovodsk and Kizil Arvat he was seized by nomads and robbed. The Turkomans were undecided whether to kill him or sell him into slavery. Tribal jealousies in the end secured his release, and he returned to Asterabad on 22 May 1830, from where he travelled to India by way of Mashhad, Herat, and Kandahar, visiting Sind, and finally crossing the Indian frontier in January 1831. He published a lively narrative of the journey—reflecting his bright, hopeful temperament—A Journey to Northern India (1834)" (Oxford DNB); Howgego, 1800-1850 C49.
30. DAPPER, Olfert (1636-89)
[AFRICA: MOST COMPLETE 17TH CENTURY DESCRIPTION] Umbständliche und eigentliche Beschreibung von Africa und denen darzu gehörigen Königreichen und Landschaften als Egypten, Barbarien, Libyen, Biledulgerid, dem Lande der Negros, Guinea, Ethiopien, Abyssina und den Africanischen Insulen zusamt deren verscheidenen Nahmen, Grentzen, Städten, Flüssen... : aus unterschiedlichen neuen Land- und Reise-Beschreibungen mit Fleiss zusammengebracht.
[Africa: Being an Accurate Description of the Regions of Aegypt, Barbary, Lybia, and Billedulgerid, the Land of Negroes, Guinee, Aethiopia, and the Abyssines, with all the Adjacent islands, either in the Mediterranean, Atlantick, Southern, or Oriental Sea, belonging thereunto; with the several Denominations of their Coasts, Harbors, Creeks, Rivers, Lakes, Cities, Towns, Castles, and Villages ; Their Customs, Modes, and Manners, Languages, Religions, and Inexhaustible Treasure].
Amsterdam: Jacob van Meurs, 1670-1671. First German Edition. Folio, 2 parts in one. [viii], 695,  [i], 101,  pp. Title to part one printed in red and black, engraved additional title, engraved portrait, forty-three engraved folding maps and plates and fifty-six engraved illustrations in text. Beautiful period style crimson very elaborately gilt tooled full morocco with a black gilt label. A near fine copy.
Beautifully and vividly illustrated, this "work is one of the most authoritative 17th-century accounts on Africa published in German. Dapper never travelled to Africa but used reports by Jesuit missionaries and other explorers. The fine plates include views of Algiers, Benin, Cairo, Cap Town, La Valetta, Marrakech, St. Helena, Tangier, Tripoli, Tunis, as well as, animals and plants" (Christies). Translated into German by F. von Zesen. This copy has the engraved title, dedication and portrait leaves lacking in most copies.
"An important early work on Africa in general, which was translated into several European languages.., "it was carefully compiled from the best sources of information"" (Mendelssohn I, p. 414). Dapper "wrote a book on the history of Amsterdam. Later he also wrote about Africa, China, India, Persia, Georgia, and Arabia, although he had not visited these exotic destinations himself. In fact, he never travelled outside Holland. His books became well-known in his own time.., To this day, Dapper's book Description of Africa Naukeurige Beschrijvinge van Africa gewesten (1668) is a key text for Africanists" (Wikipedia); Cox I, p. 361; Gay 219.
31. DOUST MOHAMMED KHAN MOAYER OL-MAMALEK
[Album of Thirty-Five Original Photographs of Cairo Titled:] Cet Album est un Souvenir de mon Voyage en Egypte et en Europe dans les Annees 1883-1884 - Doust Mohammed Khan Moayer el Memalek.
1883-1884. 35 leaves. With thirty-five albumen photographs one to a leaf ca. 21x27 cm (8 x 10 ½ in). Sixteen of the photographs titled and signed P. Sebah in negative. Handsome period maroon gilt titled and tooled full morocco. Rebacked in style, a few leaves with minor chipping of blank fore edge, one image with some minor marginal damage, a couple of images mildly faded but overall a very good album with good strong images.
Doust Mohammed Khan Moayer ol-Mamalek was "a prince of the royal house of Persia, was an important amateur photographer, collector and traveller, who acquired this substantial collection of photographs during a tour of Egypt and Europe in the years 1883 to 1884" (Sothebys). The Pascal Sebah photographs include: Cour de la Mosquee Touloun, Tombeau des Califes, Fete du Dosseh (2x), Tombeau d'Ibrahim Pacha a Imam-Chaf, El-Aschraf, Tombeau de Calife, Tombeaux et Mosquee du Sultan El Barkouk, New Hotel, Citadelle du Caire, et Tombeaux des Mameluks, Fontaine et Ecole de la Valide, Rue du L'Hotel Shepeard's, Kiosque de Choubra - Galeries, Palais de Gezret (3x). The unsigned and untitled photographs are of the same size and include many other Cairo city, street and landmark views. Overall a very good collection of early Cairo photographs. Doust Mohammad Khan Moayer ol-Mamalek, was the son-in-law of Nasser al-Din Shah who married her daughter Princess Esmat os-Saltaneh.
"Sebah photographed Egypt extensively. He included all the temples and many anthropological portraits of tribes people in the Nubian desert.., Sebah's photographs of the period are among the best productions by a commercial photographer, and no doubt the silver medal he won at the Exposition Universelle of 1878 for his highly praised Egyptian photographs was well deserved" (Perez p.222).
32. DUNN, Samuel (d.1794)
Scientia Terrarum et Coelorum: Or the Heavens and Earth Astronomically and Geographically Delineated and Display'd...
London: R. Sayer & J. Bennett, 1st June 1781. Outline hand coloured copper engraved map, four sheets on two together ca.104x124 cm (41 x 19 ½ in.). Colouring slightly faded, some minor tears and chips of margins, but overall still a very good map.
"This is one of the most well-known wall maps from the latter part of the 18th century. The huge double-hemisphere map of the world is surrounded by celestial and astronomical maps, an inset world map on Mercator's projection, a map of the moon, and a fascinating explanation of the Vicissitude of Seasons (with a great graphic of the sun). The map was first issued in 1772 and was updated and reissued several times over a 30 year period. This is the Sayer and Bennett edition with several important updates, including the complete set of tracks for the three voyages of Capt. Cook. It shows his discoveries in Australia and New Zealand, and those he made in the North Pacific on his third and final voyage" (Old World Auctions).
33. ELLIS & CO. [Publishers]
[Bird's-Eye Panoramic View of] Victoria, B. C. 1889.
Victoria B.C.: Ellis & Co., Publishers of "The Colonist", 1889. Tinted lithograph, printed image ca. 65x100 cm (26x40 in). With a couple of very minor repaired marginal tears, not affecting printed image. Mounted in a recent mat and attractively framed in a black wooden molded frame. A near fine lithograph.
Rare as Worldcat only locates nine copies. This large lithographic panoramic view shows Victoria B.C. As viewed from a bird's eye from the Strait of San Juan Fuca looking north. This view includes a key which identifies 63 places of interest.
"Erected in 1843 as a Hudson's Bay Company trading post on a site originally called Camosun (the native word was "camosack", meaning "rush of water") known briefly as "Fort Albert", the settlement was renamed Fort Victoria in 1846, in honour of Queen Victoria. The Songhees established a village across the harbour from the fort. The Songhees' village was later moved north of Esquimalt. When the crown colony was established in 1849, a town was laid out on the site and made the capital of the colony. The Chief Factor of the fort, James Douglas was made the second governor of the Vancouver Island Colony (Richard Blanshard was first governor, Arthur Edward Kennedy was third and last governor), and would be the leading figure in the early development of the city until his retirement in 1864..,
With the discovery of gold on the British Columbia mainland in 1855, Victoria became the port, supply base, and outfitting centre for miners on their way to the Fraser Canyon gold fields, mushrooming from a population of 300 to over 5000 literally within a few days. Victoria was incorporated as a city in 1862. In 1865, Esquimalt was made the North Pacific home of the Royal Navy, and remains Canada's west coast naval base. In 1866 when the island was politically united with the mainland, Victoria was designated the capital of the new united colony instead of New Westminster - an unpopular move on the Mainland - and became the provincial capital when British Columbia joined the Canadian Confederation in 1871" (Wikipedia); Reps 38.
34. FILCHNER, Wilhelm (1877-1957)
[A Collection of Seven Original Ink Drawings (three initialed "C.A.") Used as Illustrations in Wilhelm Filchner's Book "Das Kloster Kumbum in Tibet. Ein Beitrag zu Seiner Geschichte (The Monastery Kumbum in Tibet. A Contribution to its History)" Berlin: Mittler & Sohn 1906].
Ca. 1905. Seven ink drawings on thick paper ca. 27x23 cm (11x9 in) and slightly smaller. The original ink drawings are recently matted together with the corresponding printed text illustration leaves from the book. One drawing with an expertly repaired corner chip, but overall the ink drawings are in very good condition.
This historically important collection of ink drawings show 1. A Tibetan Rosary (p.47); 2. Lama d Ge ss Long with yellow hat and cloak etc. (p.48); 3. A travelling lama (p.63); 4. Illustration of an Indian legend (p.85); 5. A prayer drum partially made with human skull parts (p. 103); 6. A water-powered prayer wheel (p.104); 7. Tibetan cairn with prayer flags on mountain top (p.128). The illustrations are supplemented with the matted title page and map of the monastery from the book. The preface states that the ink drawings were created by an artist under Filchner's direction based on photographs made by Filchner. The purpose of Filchner's 1903-5 "expedition to Tibet [was] to carry out geomagnetic and topographical surveys on the high plateau. In addition to its scientific work the expedition carried out a significant intelligence-gathering role and was contemporaneous with similar missions by Francis Younghusband and others" (Howgego, 1850-1940 Polar Regions etc., F6).
"Kumbum Monastery is a Buddhist monastery in present day Qinghai, China. Kumbum was founded in 1583 in a narrow valley close to the village of Lusar in the Tibetan cultural region of Amdo. Its superior monastery is Drepung Monastery, immediately to the west of Lhasa. It was ranked in importance as second only to Lhasa" (Wikipedia).
35. GOPE, Bertha
[Album of Thirty-Six Watercolour Sketches of North Wales, Including Bangor, Aber Village, Llanberis, Menai Bridge et al.].
8 July – 2 September 1862. Oblong Duodecimo (ca. 9,5x13 cm). 37 leaves. Thirty-six watercolour views, including one double-page. All watercolours captioned and dated in ink on verso of the leaves. Artist’s signature on the first pastedown "Bertha Gope. July 8th/ 62." Period black gilt tooled quarter sheep with brown cloth boards and a label of the album maker “G. Rowney & Co. London” on the first pastedown. Binding rubbed and loose on hinges, with a tear on the bottom of the front hinge, four needle holes on the upper corner of the front board, otherwise a very good album.
Attractive miniature sketchbook by a skilled amateur artist, with thirty-six watercolour views of North Wales, opening with a beautiful double-page panorama of Bangor harbour. There are another twelve views of Bangor in the sketchbook, showing boats in the waters of Menai Strait, shores of the Anglesea Island in distance or stone walls of Pernhyn Castle. Nine sketches depict the small village of Aber (Gwynedd), ten km east of Bangor, with a view of the Aber Falls; seven sketches are dedicated to Llanberis, a village at the foot of Snowdon, including views of the Lake Llyn Padarn, a part of Snowdon and “Capel Curig from Llanberis Pass”. There are also two views of the Menai Bridge and a sketch of the Gorad Goch island showing the original box sections of the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Strait (built in 1852 and reconstructed in the 1970s). Overall a nice keepsake from a summer travel across North Wales.
The region of North Wales “is steeped in history and was for almost a millennium known as the Kingdom of Gwynedd. The mountainous stronghold of Snowdonia formed the nucleus of that realm and would become the last redoubt of independent Wales - only overcome in 1283. To this day it remains a stronghold of the Welsh language and a centre for Welsh national and cultural identity” (Wikipedia).
36. GOUGH, Bloomfield, Captain (d. 1904)
[SECOND ANGLO-AFGHAN WAR, SIEGE OF THE SHERPUR CANTONMENT]
[Autograph Letter Signed Addressed to the Author's Father From Besieged Sherpur, Providing Vivid Details of the Siege].
Sherpur, Kabul, 20 December 1879. Octavo (ca. 21x13,5 cm). 14 pp. Brown ink on paper. Old folds with minor tears on margins, paper lightly browned, overall a very good letter.
Expressive first-hand account of the Siege of the Sherpur Cantonment (15-23 December 1879) during the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878-1880). The Siege took place during the second phase of the war when in October 1879, Kabul was occupied by the British troops after the British Resident Sir Pierre Cavagnari had been murdered there. In November mutinous Afghan troops amassed to the north of Kabul and, on December 15 mounted a siege on British troops in the Sherpur Cantonment. The siege was raised with arrival on December 23 of the relief column under the command of Brigadier General Charles Gough.
Captain Bloomfield Gough was serving with the 9th Queen’s Royal Lancers cavalry regiment, and took active part in the defence of the Sherpur Cantonment. In his extensive and emotional letter written when the siege was still on, Gough gives a "full and true account of my battles and the siege of Sherpore as far as it has gone."
The account starts with the period from December 9, and describes at length the ferocious fight in Kabul’s neighbourhood Kila Kizi on December 11. Gough recreates all the events of the day in strict consistency, names all officers in command (Brig.-Gen. Macpherson (infantry), Capt. Stewart-Mackenzie and Lieut.-Col. Cleland (9th Queen’s Royal Lancers), Major Smith Widham (artillery) et al); and gives amounts of wounded and killed officers, men and horses.
Gough’s letter provides remarkable descriptions of battle scenes: "After going about 4 or 5 miles the advance partly were fired upon and soon afterwards we saw the enemy collecting in great numbers to our left front. I got my troop under cover of a hillock and the enemy numbering (I am told 1200) began advancing with standards and tom toms and great shouting. Our guns soon came into action and the enemy guns replied. As soon as they came within 800 yards, I opened fire with half my troop dismounted, and owing to our being under cover and the enemy advancing in the open, succeeded in stopping them on our right, however seeing the guns retire and fearing I should be cut off, I remounted my troops and retired over a lot of stony ground at a gallop, keeping my troop well in hand. [To?] turn upon then, if as I expected they (the enemy) would come after me. Well we retired about ¾ of a mile, and the enemy cavalry pursued, coming on with shouts of Allah and Bismillah, and as I hoped in very straggling order. When I thought they were far enough away from the enemy I got my troop into a trot and gave the order Right about Wheel - Charge! - Well I never seen such a scene of consternation [emphasis added]. My men came with a shout and the enemy who were at first so brave appeared thunder struck. Some came on, most stood still and some ran away <..,> The charge was a great success."
Gough is fascinated with an Afghan standard bearer, who "fought in a most desperate way and I never saw such a brave man. He had several lances through him before he fell off his horse and when they got down to take his standard away, though half dead and lying on the ground, he raised himself up and snatched a lance away from one of our men with which he thrust at anyone who came hear him as long as he had a drop of life left in him." He also notes the bravery of British officers who "were a long way in front in the charge and a long way behind in the retreat and every one of them do the same thing that Bill Beresford got the V.C. For." The battle description is illustrated with a nice little drawing in text (leave 2, inside) showing the lancers’ attack on the enemy positions.
Gough’s account of December 13 describes a fierce fight near Siah Sung Heights in which the 9th Lancers commander was killed: "Poor Batson shot dead with a bullet through his heart, Chrisholme being wounded with a shot through the leg and Trowers’ other horse, a very nice black whaler shot dead. 4 men dead and 9 wounded and about 30 dead Afghans lying in heaps. I am awfully sorry for Batson, poor fellow. We also lost several horses, killed or wounded."
Then follows the description of the Siege and the state of the British garrison: "The place is fortified and a desultory fire kept up all and every day from the walls <..,> Every night we have the whole regiment in picquet for fear of an attack. You must not suppose we are in a bad way, as we have plenty of ammunition to defend ourselves, only not enough to go out and drive off the enemy who are in the city and have been having great games looting it. We are perfectly safe here and are only waiting for Charley who is coming up with reinforcements and ammunition, when we shall go out and make an example of them."
In the end Gough states that "I am beginning to think war is not such good sport as people say and think hunting far better for fun and much less dangerous" [emphasis added], and describes the Afghans who "are quite different from those we met at first; <..,> mostly armed with Sniders, and are not out of the way cowards, though fortunately they are very bad shots," and notes that "it is terribly cold with snow on the ground wherever the sun cannot get at it”. He hopes that “Charley will arrive soon and that I shall give them a proper beating and then pursue them with all the cavalry, only the country is so hilly and so intersected with ditches and water that it is not an easy place for us to work on."
Bloomfield Gough came from a noted Irish noble family with a long military tradition. During the Second Afghan War he served as Aide-de-Camp to his relative, Brigadier General Sir Charles Gough (1832-1912) and was present at the taking of Ali Musjid (November 1878). Subsequent to this letter he took part in the march from Kabul to Kandahar and was present at the battle of Kandahar. He was twice mentioned in dispatches (January and September 1880).
Gough exchanged into the 9th Lancers from the Rifle Brigade in April 1873 and rose to command the regiment as Lieut. Colonel from December 1895. He accompanied the 9th Lancers to the Boer War in 1899 but was unjustly relieved of his command in the field in November. Gough retired in 1900 when commanding the regiment with the rank of Lieut. Colonel.
37. GUNDRY, Richard Simpson, C.B. (1838-1924)
[Private Archive of R.S. Gundry, a Well-Known British Journalist in China and a Founder of the China Association, including His Manuscript Journal Kept while in Shanghai during the Taiping Rebellion; Large Album with over 200 Clippings of Gundry’s Articles on China and Japan, published in “The Times” in 1863-1878; 14 Books and Brochures on China from Gundry’s Library; Two Original Photos of China by H.C. Cammidge; an Issue of “The Times” with the Announcement of Gundry’s election as the President of the China Association, and Several Books, Private Notebooks and Letters from Gundry’s Archive].
Gundry was The Times correspondent in China and editor of the North China Herald, in Shanghai from 1865 to 1878. On his return to England he became a founder, with Sir Alfred Dent, of the China Association, and became its Honorary Secretary (1900-01) and President (1905-07). Gundry authored two books: China and Her Neighbours (1893) and China Present and Past (1895). Additionally, Gundry was awarded the C.B. In 1904.
The collection includes:
1) [Manuscript Journal Kept in Shanghai during the Taiping Rebellion, also with the Description of a Voyage to Nagasaki, Titled in Manuscript:] Vol. 2 of Journal. From 1st February 1863 to 30th October 1864. Shanghai, 1863. Small Octavo (19,5x12 cm). 131 pp. of manuscript in brown ink, including three newspaper clippings on 20 pp. Original notebook in cherry full sheep binding, with marbled endpapers and coloured edges.
The journal dates to the last phase of the Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864), when British and Imperial China troops had advanced in the countryside west of Shanghai, with noted Charles Gordon in command of the “Ever Victorious Army.” A sub-editor of the “North China Herald” at the time, Gundry vividly describes his trip to a nearby city of Quinsan, “which Gordon had retaken from the rebels a week or two previously,” gives an overview of the situation at the front before the capture of Suzhou and follows with an extensive account of his visit to the captured city. “News of the surrender of Soochow reached Shanghai on the 7th, though the rumour was very confused. It was said that Gordon had only succeeded in getting possession of a portion of the city, while the rebels were vigorously defending the remainder. Partly in order to ascertain the true state of affairs, partly in order to see a place of so much note, I gladly accepted an offer from Drucker to accompany him a steamer he had chartered, and in which he was going direct to Soochow.” There is also an account of Gundry’s excursions in September 1864 to the nearby towns of Nanxiang – “formally a town of villa residences of wealthy Chinese, but now a pile of ruins,” and to Tsingpoo – “a city which was twice taken and retaken during the rebel occupation of Kiangsu <…> Formerly it evidently contained good houses, more so than many other towns of greater note which I have visited. The walls which alone stand are of greater [?], and the courtyards paved with slabs of granite <…>, ornamental columns and bronzes are still to be seen, which can only have belonged to a superior class of houses.”
An extensive entry in the middle of the journal narrates about Gundry’s trip to Nagasaki in June 1864 on HMS “Swallow,” which started with a voyage to the Rugged Islands (Hangzhou Bay, China), “which Sir Henry parker had requested Wilds [the commander of the Swallow] to survey, with a view to the establishment of a sanitarium [?] there if they were eligible.” There are also interesting description of the fire at Miller’s Hotel in Shanghai where Gundry stayed in early 1863, newspaper clipping of Gundry’s article about the typhoon of July 1864, printed in the “North China Herald,” manuscript description of Nagasaki, and others. A very interesting journal written in quite legible hand.
2) [Large Album with an Extensive Collection of Mounted and Loose Clippings from “The Times” and other newspapers, with articles about China and Japan, the vast majority authored by Gundry, September 1863-1878].
Extensive collection of over 200 articles written by Gundry as “The Times” special correspondent in China, starting with his early essays dated 1863 and embracing the next 15 years. The album also contains a letter to Gundry from an editor of “The Times” regarding the publication of one of his articles, dated 18 Jan. 1877. Two clippings dated 1868 and mounted at rear inform that R.S. Gundry won “the Challenge Cup” in one mile race and a Prize Cup of the merchants of Shanghai in Steeple Chase on April 24th. In the latter “he cleared a 17 feet water jump at the last in splendid style – the other competitors all plumbing into it” [In reading the account of these sports it is gratifying to find that even a long residence in an Eastern climate neither damps the ardour, nor exhausts the physical energies of our British Athletes]”. The album was most likely compiled by his mother Mary Gundry and additionally houses a number of newspaper clippings from different English magazines and newspapers of the 1860-1870s on different topics.
3) [14 books on China from Gundry’s library]:
WILLIAMS, Wells, Sir. The Middle Kingdom: A Survey of the Geography, Government, Education, Social Life, Arts, Religion, &c., of the Chinese Empire and its Inhabitants: 2 vols. New York & London: Wiley and Putnam, 1848. First edition. Small Octavo. Xxii, 590; , viii, 614 pp. With two portrait frontispieces, two wood-engraved title pages, and a folding engraved map of China loosely inserted. Two original publisher’s quarter sheep with gilt lettered titles on the spines and illustrative paper covered boards. Occasional pencil notes in text. Bindings slightly rubbed and soiled, paper age toned, but overall a very good copy.
The Natural History of the Chinese Boy and the Chinese Girl: A Study in Sociology. By the Author of “Chinese Characteristics.” Shanghai: “North China Herald” Office, 1890. Octavo. 27 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers, with mild creases.
VAUGHAN, H.B., Liet.-Col. St. George and the Chinese Dragon: An Account of the Relief of the Pekin Legations by an Officer of the British Contingent. London: C. Arthur Pearson Ltd., 1902. First edition. 12mo. 206 pp. Portrait frontispiece (loosely inserted), plates, illustrations in text. Occasional period pencil marginalia in text. Overall a very good copy.
[Larkin Gallery, London]. A few examples of Oriental Art, Illustrated in Colour selected from the Larkin Gallery, 104, New Bond Street, W., Consisting of Blue and White Famille Verte, Famille Rose, and Monochrome Porcelains, Pottery, Bronzes, Cloisonné, Hardstones, Rugs, etc. [London]: The Norman Davy Printing Co., ca. 1910s. Small Octavo.  pp., 10 plates. Original publisher’s wrappers. A fine copy.
Dickinson, L. Letters from John Chinaman. London: J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., 1911. 12mo. , 63 pp. Original publisher’s cloth. A very good copy.
The School of Oriental Studies: A New Pillar of Empire & Commerce: [Prospect]. Ca. 1914. 12mo. 18,  pp. Original publisher’s wrappers. A very good copy.
8 offprints published by the “China Society,” “Japan Society” or “Asiatic Review,” 1916-1919:
BINYON, L. The Art of Asia. A Paper Read at a Joint Meeting of the China Society and the Japan Society, held at Caxton Hall, on Wednesday, November 24, 1915/ The China Society. Extract from the Transactions of the Japan Society. London: The Eastern Press Ltd., . Octavo. 23 pp. 6 leaves of plates. Original publisher’s wrappers.
CHENG, S.G. The Chinese as a Warrior in the Light of History. A Paper read before the China Society on January 27, 1916. London: East & West Ltd., . Octavo. 15 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers.
SHINJI ISHII, F.R.A.I. The Island of Formosa and Its Primitive Inhabitants: A Paper Read at a Joint Meeting of the China Society and the Japan Society, held at Caxton Hall, on Thursday, February 24, 1916/ The China Society. Extract from the Transactions of the Japan Society. London: The Eastern Press Ltd., 1916. Octavo. 24 pp. 18 leaves of plates and maps. Original publisher’s wrappers.
CARLES, W.R., C.M.G. Some Pages in the History of Shanghai, 1842-1856. A Paper read before the China Society on May 23, 1916. London: East & West Ltd., . Octavo. 20 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers.
CURRIE MARTIN, G., M.A., B.D. China in English Literature. A Paper read before the China Society at Caxton Hall, Westminster, on December 4, 1916. London: East & West Ltd., . Octavo. 27 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers.
GILES, L., M.A., D. Litt. Chi’iu Chin: A Chinese Heroine. A Paper read before the China Society at Caxton Hall, Westminster, on March 29, 1917. London: East & West Ltd., 1917. Octavo. 22 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers. With a printed balance sheet of the China Society for 1916-1917 loosely inserted.
WILLOUGHBY-MEADE, G. The Grotesque in Chinese Art. Reprinted from the “Asiatic Review,” April 1918. 24 pp. No binding. Two last leaves with tears at the bottom margins, affecting two lower lines of text. Overall a good copy.
WALEY, A. The Poet Li Po A.D. 701-762. A Paper read before the China Society at the School of Oriental Studies, on November 21, 1918. London: East & West Ltd., 1919. Octavo. 29 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers.
4) [Two albumen prints by H.C. Cammidge, Titled in Negative:] Paou-tai Bridge of 53 arches. 5 miles S. Of Soochow, No. 58; Woo-leang Temple, without beams or rafters. Soochow. No. 40.
Ca. 1870s. Two albumen prints mounted on original cards, each image ca. 21x25,5 cm. Each titled, numbered and signed “H.C. Cammidge, Shanghai” in negative.
First image depicts the Precious Belt Bridge (Baodai Bridge) at the intersection of the Grand Canal and Dantai Lake south-east of Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. The second image shows a temple near Suzhou, of a wuliang or beamless construction.
5) An issue of “The Times”, London, March 16, 1905, with the announcement of Gundry’s election as the President of the China Association.
A group of private items from Gundry’s archive includes a letter to him from his cousin Emily Simpson, with the envelope (Lebanon, 21 March 1898. 9 pp.) about family matters; three notebooks with Gundry’s school studies, his small manuscript account book kept in the 1860-1870s, a scrapbook with written poems and numerous book and magazine clippings pasted in, a copy of masonic “Rules and Regulations” listing Gundry as a member of the masonry (Rules and regulations for the government of the degrees from the 4th degree to 32nd degree... London, . Gundry was a supernumerary member of 31st degree since 1875, see p. 65); six volumes of Gundry’s textbooks from his time in Eton, and others.
38. HERNDON, William Lewis (1813-1857)
[Autograph Manuscript Letter Book of U.S. Naval Lieutenant William Lewis Herndon, Containing Copies of Thirty-Two Documents Written on Board USS Iris during the Mexican-American War, and a Copy of a Letter to Lardner Gibbon during the US Expedition to the Valley of the Amazon].
[U.S.S. Iris at various locations (Vera Cruz, Pensacola, Laguna); and Tarma (Peru), 1847-1851].  pp. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). Black ink on lined paper; text clean and legible. Original quarter sheep note book with marbled boards; contemporary bookplate on the front pastedown. Housed in a custom made cloth clamshell box with an olive gilt title label on the spine. Hinges cracked, spine partially perished, corners worn, but overall a very good letter book.
Original letter book of noted American naval officer, Amazon explorer and naval hero William Lewis Herndon; it contains the original draft of Herndon’s instructions to the expedition member Lt. Lardner Gibbon regarding his further exploration of the Amazon following their separation at Tarma, Peru on July 1, 1851. The text of the manuscript differs slightly from the one published in volume I of Herndon and Gibbon's “Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon” (Washington, 1854, pp. 33-34), and has some manuscript corrections, which makes it an important historical source.
Herndon assigned Gibbon a different route of discovery so that "while I gave my own personal attention to the countries drained by the upper Marañon, Mr. Gibbon might explore some, and gather all the information he could respecting others, of the Bolivian tributaries of the Amazon." This letter provides Gibbon with guidance as to the route he is to follow and the importance of minimizing risk to himself to ensure that the results of their exploration might be preserved. “Lt. Herndon pushed into the upper Amazon. Lt. Gibbon traveled south through Bolivia and then into the selvas of Brazil. The two groups met in Serpa, Brazil, and then continued down the Amazon River to Para” (Hill 803).
The letter book also contains thirty two letters and documents written on board USS Iris which was under Herndon’s command during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The correspondence is primarily on various day to day issues including the engineering problems and administrative issues. However, also included is a five-page letter dated aboard the Iris at Laguna in March of 1848 to an unidentified recipient, but probably Matthew C. Perry, Commanding the Home Squadron off Mexico during the Mexican-American War. The letter reports the results of Herndon's meetings at Sisal with Military Commandant Don Alonzo Azuar regarding Indian involvement in the conflict, and with the senior Spanish Naval Officer present, Don Francisco Garcia di Salas, commander of the brig Nervian, regarding the landing of guns and munitions.
In 1857, as a captain of the ill-fated U.S. Mail Steamer Central America, Herndon showed the utmost heroism while saving lives of the passengers during the hurricane of Cape Hatteras, having evacuated all women and children. 426 passengers and crew, including Herndon perished with the ship, thus making the wreckage the largest loss of life in a commercial ship disaster in United States history. Herndon's heroism prompted the construction of the Herndon Monument at the U. S. Naval Academy in 1860.
Overall this Letter book represents an important primary source on the history of the US expedition to the Amazon (1851-1852) and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).
39. LEINWEBER, Anton Robert (1845-1921)
[Colour Lithograph Poster Titled:] Deutschboehmische Ausstellung Reichenberg 1906. [German Bohemian Exhibition Liberec 1906].
Reichenberg (Liberec), 1906. Colour lithograph ca. 100x70 cm (39 ½ x 27 ½ in). Mounted on Japanese paper and with some mild fold marks, but overall a very good poster.
Attractive poster for the 1906 German Bohemian Exhibition in Liberec. In the foreground, Rübezahl (Krakonos in Czech) a folklore mountain spirit, and the subject of many German and Czech legends and fairy tales, is shown looking down on Liberec and the exhibition complex from the woods of Jested mountain. Liberec is "located on the Lusatian Neisse and surrounded by the Jizera Mountains.., it is the fifth-largest city in the Czech Republic" (Wikipedia).
40. MILBERT, Jacques Gerard (1766-1840)
Voyage Pittoresque a l'Ile de France, au Cap de Bonne Esperance et a l'Ile de Teneriffe. [Picturesque Voyage to Mauritius, the Cape of Good Hope and the Island of Tenerife].
Paris: Le Normant pour A. Nepveu, 1812. First Edition. Octavo Text 2 vols. & Oblong Folio Atlas. Xiv, 392, , ; [iii], 390, ; [iii] pp. With 45 copper engraved views, plans and maps, many folding. Text in handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf. Atlas in period blue quarter cloth with pebbled papered boards. Text in near fine condition and atlas mildly rubbed at extremities and a few plates with some mild dust soiling. Overall a very good set.
"Jacques-Gérard Milbert was a French naturalist and artist. In 1800, Milbert embarked on Nicolas Baudin's voyage to Australia. During the voyage, Milbert and several other artists became ill, and the artists and the captain came into conflict. This caused several artists, including Milbert, to leave the voyage at Mauritius, leaving Charles-Alexandre Lesueur to produce the voyage's scientific drawings. Milbert returned to France, where in 1812 he published a series of views of Mauritius, the Cape Colony and Tenerife, titled "Voyage pittoresque à l'Ile de France, au Cap de Bonne Espérence et à l'Ile de Ténériffe"" (Wikipedia). Milbert was invited on the expedition by M. Bory de Vincent. Gay 266; Mendelssohn II, p.13.
41. OLIVEIRA, Guilherme Couvreur de (1889-1978)
[Original Manuscript Account of a Voyage from Lisbon to West Africa, with Sixteen Ink Drawings in Text; Titled:] Ao mea pae offerece estes “Apontamentos” o seu filho muito amigo. G.C. Oliveira, 23 Setembro de 1906; [Additional Title on the First Page:] Uma viagem a Africa Occidental.
Ca. 1906. Octavo (ca. 20,5x16 cm). T.p., 94 pp., 1 blank leaf,  pp. of text. Black ink on watermarked bluish paper, legible handwriting in Portuguese. With 16 ink drawings in text. Original notebook with brown cloth spine and red card borders; paper label with a manuscript title “Guilherme Couvreur d’Oliveira. Apontamentos” on the front board. Spine worn and cracked, but the binding is still holding, cover title label with a minor damage, but overall a very good internally fine manuscript.
Vivid manuscript account of a voyage to West Africa and back written by Guilherme Couvreur de Oliveira, then a 17-year old pilot apprentice, and later a Portuguese merchant navy captain, publicist and writer. The voyage on packet boat “Ambaca” lasted from 22 June to 23 September 1906; Cape Verde, Sao Thome and Principe, Luanda, Novo Redondo, Benguela and Mossamedes were visited. The ink sketches in the text include several coastal views drawn from the ship (Ponta Temeroza of the Cape Verde Islands, a rock near the Principe Island, the Ilheu das Cabras Island near Sao Thome, Ponta do Zaire, a full-page sketch of “Um boccado de Mossamedes” et al), as well as drawings of native African sailboats and spears, and a sketch of an albacore tuna caught near the Cape Verde Islands. Two pages at the rear are occupied with the account of Oliveira expenses, dated 15 August 1906 and naming among others payments for a servant, postcards and stamps, cigars, side trips and pipes.
Guilherme Couvreur de Oliveira was a son of Rear Admiral João Brás de Oliveira. He started his career at sea in 1905 as an apprentice aboard the steamship “Funchal;” later that year he took training as a pilot aboard the “Pero de Alenquer.” Oliveira obtained his pilot license in 1908, becoming a captain in 1916, and commander in 1919. He was decorated by both the British and Dutch governments for his efforts to rescue shipwrecked seamen during WWII. He is the author of four books, and published prose and poetry in newspapers and reviews.
42. PICKEN, M., Compiler
City of Vancouver, Terminus of The Canadian Pacific Railway. British Columbia Hand Book.
Vancouver: Daily News Office, February 1887. First Edition. 88 pp. With a folding index plan of Vancouver with a scale roughly two miles to the inch. Original pink wrappers, extremities very mildly faded, but overall quite possibly the best existent copy.
With no copy found in Worldcat this great rarity is the first book printed in Vancouver and is no doubt one of the most historically important printed in the city. The work describes the first year of the city’s history and includes the first business directory and additionally the first advertisements for Vancouver businesses on pages 65-88. No other book was printed in Vancouver until two years later in 1889. The compiler states: "In compliance with the request of a large number of the influential citizens, I submit to them .., such information as will be interesting to .., enquirers, for information regarding this important city of the West" (Preface). Lowther 756; Not in Vancouver Centennial Bibliography.
43. RAFFENEL, Anne (1809-58)
Voyage dans l'Afrique occidentale comprenant l'exploration du Senegal, depuis Saint-Louis jusqu'a la Faleme, au-dela de Bakel; de la Faleme, depuis son embouchure jusqu'a Sansandig; des mines d'or de Kenieba, dans le Bambouk; des pays de Galam, Bondou et Woolli; et de la Gambie, depuis Baracounda jusqu'a l'Ocean; execute, en 1843 et 1844, par une commission composee de MM. Huard-Bessinieres, Jamin, Raffenel, Peyre-Ferry et Pottin-Patterson. [Travels in West Africa Including the Exploration of Senegal ..,].
Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1846. First Edition. Small Quarto Text & Folio Atlas. vii, 512 pp. With two lithographed folding maps and twenty-two hand coloured illustrations on eleven lithographed plates. Text in period brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. Atlas in period-style green gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. One map with expertly repaired tears, text with some very minor foxing and rubbed on extremities but overall still a very good set.
Text with the bookplate of John Ralph Willis. "In 1843-4 the marine officer Anne Raffenel explored Bambouk, and in 1846-48 made his way into Kaarta. Raffenel. Born at Versailles, had joined the navy in 1826 and for the next sixteen years voyaged to different parts of the world. He was appointed governor of Madagascar in 1855 and died there in June 1858"(Howgego 1800-1850, W23); "Explorations made in 1843 on the upper [Faleme] river by Raffenel carried him to Bambouk and the gold-bearing regions of the Faleme; he then traveled into Kaarta, the country of the Bambara, where he was held prisoner for eight months, but the ministry quietly avoided acting on the proposal to stop native razzias on the posts by direct annexation" (Priestley, France Overseas, 52); Gay, 2915.
44. RICHARDS, Captain George Henry R.N. [Sir] (1820-1896)
The Vancouver Island Pilot, containing sailing directions for the Coasts of Vancouver Island, and part of British Columbia. Compiled from the surveys made by <...> In H.M. Ships Plumper and Hecate, between the years 1858 and 1864.
London: Printed for the Hydrographic Office, Admiralty, 1864. First Edition. Large Octavo. ix, [i], 270,  pp. With the ownership inscription of James Gilmore of Port Townsend Dec. 1887 on the front fly leaf. Gilmore was a steamship contractor for the US postal service. Original publishers' blue gilt titled patterned cloth. Cover cloth slightly wrinkled, but overall a very good copy.
Very rare first edition. "Valuable for early description" (Lowther 229). In 1856, the British Admiralty appointed Captain Richards to the Anglo-American boundary commission to settle the Oregon Boundary dispute by ordering a new survey of the coastal waters around British Columbia. Richards was given command of the steam survey vessel H.M.S. Plumper so he could provide a British military presence on Vancouver Island as well. He surveyed the international boundary through the San Juan Islands and although he met several times with American Commissioner, Archibald Campbell, the two sides failed to settle the boundary until 1871-72. In addition, over 14,000 gold miners had arrived by June 1858 from the California gold-fields, and the Admiralty desperately needed Richards to finish the survey up the Fraser River, which was going slowly because the Plumper was inadequate for the tides which ran up to 8 knots. In 1860, the Hecate, a paddle-sloop arrived at Esquimalt to replace the Plumper and for the next 2 years they made excellent progress. After Richards departed to complete his third circumnavigation of the globe, his senior assistant surveyor, Daniel Pender, stayed behind to complete the survey of the British Columbia coastline using the famous paddle Steamer, Beaver, hired from the Hudson’s Bay Company. Captain Richards’ original manuscript letter-book, field notebook, and captain’s journal from the survey remain in private hands. Walbran p.421-2.
"In 1852 [Richards] served again under Belcher, this time on a voyage to the Arctic in search of the Franklin expedition. No sign of Franklin was found, despite a number of prodigious sledge journeys, including one by Richards which lasted for ninety-three days. Belcher proved more overbearing and unreasonable than ever on this mission and Richards's tact and judgement were critical in holding the operation together. He was promoted captain in 1854. Between 1856 and 1863 he carried out surveys of Vancouver Island and parts of British Columbia.
In 1863 Richards was appointed hydrographer to the Royal Navy, and began work in January 1864. Among his innovations was to make charts readily available for general use on Royal Navy ships, so that all officers, not only those responsible for navigation, would become familiar with them. He also organized the compilation and publication of charts showing prevailing winds and currents for each quarter of the year and improved the training of pilots. Under Richards hydrographic activity concentrated on areas of strategic importance, such as Canada when the USA was expanding into Alaska, or the newly opened Suez Canal in 1870, and areas of economic expansion such as Japan and Chile in the 1860s. Following the successful laying of an Atlantic submarine cable from the Great Eastern in 1866, British ships began laying cables in other parts of the world. Naval surveying ships undertook preliminary work, taking soundings along the proposed routes and sampling the seabed: these activities coincided with a surge of interest in the scientific exploration of the sea" (Oxford DNB).
45.ROBERTS, David (1796-1864)
[Tinted Lithograph Panorama Titled:] Bethlehem, April 6th 1839.
London: F.G. Moon, 1842. Tinted lithograph ca. 35,5x51 cm (14x20 in). Some mild foxing otherwise a very good lithograph.
Bethlehem is a Palestinian city located in the central West Bank, about 10 kilometers south of Jerusalem. Roberts left "London in August 1838 for Paris and thence travelling via Alexandria to Cairo, before visiting the pyramids at Giza. Hiring a cangia, he sailed up the Nile as far as Abu Simbel, stopping on his return north to sketch temples and ancient sites such as Philae, Karnak, Luxor, and Dendera. Back in Cairo he drew its streets and mosques before departing for Syria and Palestine in February 1839. He travelled through Sinai to Petra and thence north, via Hebron and Jaffa, to Jerusalem. From there he made an excursion to the Jordan, the Dead Sea, and Bethlehem and, after spending a further week in Jerusalem, he continued north, visiting many places associated with the Bible, before exploring Baalbek. He sailed for England from Beirut in May 1839, was quarantined in Malta, and returned to London in July. He was the first independent, professional British artist to travel so extensively in the Near East, and brought back 272 sketches, a panorama of Cairo, and three full sketchbooks, enough material to ‘serve me for the rest of my life’ (Roberts, eastern journal, 28 Jan 1839).
Over the next decade Roberts made ‘a serries of intire new drawings’ for the 247 large coloured lithographs executed by Louis Haghe for The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia (1842-9). No publication before this had presented so comprehensive a series of views of the monuments, landscape, and people of the Near East. Roberts was to paint more oils of the East than of any other region he visited, exhibiting thirty-one at the Royal Academy alone. These received critical acclaim and sold for high prices: for example, Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives (Holloway Collection at Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, Egham) was commissioned for £330 in 1841 and his Ruins of Baalbec sold for £440 the same year, while The Island of Philae (1843; priv. Coll.) bought by a friend for £100, rapidly sold for £200, and in 1858 fetched 400 guineas. The works remain keenly sought after to this day" (Oxford DNB)
46. SCOTLAND, Archibald
[Autograph Letter Signed “A. Scotland” to an Associate of the Mogul Steamship Company, Reporting on his Voyage up the Amur River with a Cargo of Coal, and Containing Interesting Information on the Russian Steamship Navigation on the Amur River and the Far East].
S.S. Ghazee, Japan Sea, 19 August 1893. Octavo (ca. 25x20 cm). 9 numbered leaves filled in on rectos. Brown ink on watermarked paper with the printed letterheads of the “Gellatley, Hankey, Sewell & Co., Antwerp” in the upper left corners, all crossed by the author of the letter. Mild fold marks, the first and the last leaves age toned, but overall a very good extensive letter.
Interesting extensive letter related to the early Russian-British trade and steam navigation on the Amur River. The letter was written by Archibald Scotland, the captain of the S.S. Ghazee (1883) of the Mogul Steamship Company Ltd. (Gellatly, Hankey & Co, London & Antwerp) during its commercial voyage to Nikolayevsk-on-Amur with a cargo of coal and 350 Chinese workers. Reporting on the Ghazee’s navigation up the river from the port of De-Kastri (the Strait of Tartary), Scotland gives a detailed account of the ship’s proceedings, difficulties of movement in shallow waters, operations of unloading cargo and people et al. Very interesting is his characteristics of his Russian business partners – the “Amur Trade & Steamship Company” founded a year earlier by local merchants M. G. Shevelev, A.M. Serebriakov and N.P. Makeev.
“Ghazee” was supposed to unload its cargo of coal in De-Kastri because shallow waters of the Amur Liman didn’t allow it to approach Nikolaevsk-on-Amur. However, due to the lack of lighters, the ship had to move up the river under constant risk of being stuck in the mud. The navigation was successful “to the surprise of all Nikolaevsk as the merchants declared in the local papers that the ship could not be handled in the sharp bends and narrow channels.” Scotland moved the Ghazee even further, up the narrow Palbo Creek and succeeded again “to the astonishment of all this District.” He gives a detailed description of the complicated operation of turning the ship down the river in order to navigate back, “you can judge their [the locals] consternation and surprise when they saw the Ghazee swung head down the river and on our arrival to Nikolaevsk they seem all staggered.”
Scotland leaves some important comments of the recently founded Amur River Trade & Steamship Company (1893): "There is only one company here the Amoor River Company [Amur River Steamship Partnership, founded in 1871], and they hold the monopoly of all the lighters and steamers in the place and naturally it is to their interest to see this New Amoor River Company a failure and they would not land the cargo for them so it drove this company to select Palbo for the Ghazee as she could get alongside the bank and discharge her cargo on shore. The old River Company were very much against me going to Palbo and put all the obstacles in the way they possibly could <...> they seemed rather spiteful as they would not bring a letter or telegram down for me to be posted. The merchants seemed rather pleased seeing the New Company making a show as they have to pay high freights for conveying their goods into the interior. This new company is under bond to commence running in May next which I hope they will be successful…"
"The Company is Mr. Sheveloff of Vladivostok and Mr. Mackeef is the Director <…>. It seems to me that Mr. Sheveloff wants another steamer as he only has the old Edendale running between Vladivostok and Nikolaevsk and another steamer called the Strelok which only carries about 350 tons on 13 feet, so I think that little Provincial of yours would be just the thing for him <…> I see there is several small steamers from Hamburg out here with cargo but it is only Russians can carry coasting cargo".
Mikhail Grigorievich Shevelev (1847-1903) was the founder of the first private Russian sea steamship company on the Far East, notable merchant, tea trader, sinologist and patron of arts. Born in Kyakhta, he graduated from the city school of Chinese founded by famous Russian sinologist Iakinf (Bichurin) and participated in the Russian Orthodox Church Mission in Bejing; he took active part in Russian-Chinese tea trade, in 1879 founded first private Russian sea steamship company on the Far East “Shevelev & Co.” which navigated between Nikolaevsk-on Amur-Vladivostok-Shanghai-Hankou. In 1893-1899 Shevelev and other Vladivostok merchants founded the “Amur River Trade & Steamship Company” which successfully operated three steamers. Shevelev was the first to start prospecting oil deposits on Sakhalin, became one of the founders of the Society of History of the Amur Region and the first honorary patron of the Eastern Institute in Vladivostok; organized first art exhibition in Vladivostok (1886).
47. SCOTT, Captain Robert Falcon (1868-1912)
[Framed Photogravure Portrait Titled:] Captain Robert Falcon Scott, R.N., C.V.O., F.R.G.S.; Leader of the National Antarctic Expeditions 1901-1904 & 1910-1912; Born June 6th 1868. Died March 1912. [With his Printed Facsimile Signature (lower right)].
London: Maull & Fox, Photographers, ca. 1913. Photogravure ca. 40x24 cm (16 x 9 ½ in). Glazed and framed in a period oak frame. Signs of minor abrasion to outer left blank margin, but overall a very good photogravure.
Scott reached the South Pole on 17 or 18 January 1912. "'This is an awful place’, wrote Scott in his journal, ‘and terrible enough for us to have laboured to it without the reward of priority’ Following the discovery of Amundsen's tent, with its note for Scott stating that he had achieved his objective on 14 December 1911, the dejected Britons began their return journey—‘800 miles of solid dragging—and good-bye to most of the day-dreams’.., [running out of food, Scott and his companions died on their way to One Ton Depot, but before his end Scott recorded his] ‘Last Message’: Had we lived, I should have had a tale to tell of the hardihood, endurance and courage of my companions which would have stirred the heart of every Englishman. These rough notes and our dead bodies must tell the tale" (Oxford DNB).
48. TEN EYCK, Samuel
[FRASER RIVER GOLD RUSH & GADSDEN PURCHASE; Important Autograph Letter Signed from Samuel Ten Eyck to O.B. Throop, giving a Description of Guaymas, Mexico, his Impressions of Mexicans, and Briefly Relating his Experiences During the Fraser River Gold Rush].
Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico: April 27th, 1859. On a folded double quarto leaf.  pp. Brown ink on bluish paper. Blind stamp of a papermaker (Rolland Freres, Bordeaux) in the upper left corner. Housed in a later custom made blue quarter morocco clam shell box with gilt lettered spine. Old fold marks, otherwise a near fine letter.
In this letter Samuel Ten Eyck writes to his friend, Origin B. Throop, back home in Schoharie, New York, offering a description of the Mexican port city of Guaymas, Sonora, giving his assessment of Mexican attitudes toward Americans, and describing his experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
Samuel Ten Eyck came from a prominent family in New York's Schoharie County. He left Schoharie in the early 1850s, went to California in search of gold, took part in the Fraser River Gold Rush in British Columbia of 1858-1859, and then arrived in Guaymas, Mexico in the spring of 1859. He apparently went to Sonora in anticipation of that state and the surrounding Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sinaloa being annexed to the United States. The Gadsen Purchase Treaty, ratified in 1854, brought a part of northern Sonora into the United States, and there appears to have been some agitation for the United States to take more territory in the region. Such a thing did not occur, and it is unknown for how long Ten Eyck stayed in Guaymas waiting for it to happen, or where his travels took him next.
The letter begins by Ten Eyck asking Throop to make discreet inquiries to some of his friends as to why they have not corresponded with him. "I suppose you will be astonished to learn I am in this God-forsaken country. I must confess, I am astonished to find myself here, but here I am and what is still more pleasant, have a mighty fine prospect of, as it is termed in California, making my pile. I have been here but a month. On my arrival I found the country all excitement, and a revolution going on in the three states, 'Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa,' they being, I think, the tail end of creation, but they are full of silver mines and in saying that I say all that can be said in their favour. The Mexicans are the most hostile people in the world and think no more of killing an American than of taking a drink and as this is the scene of Walker's exploits and also where the unfortunate H.A. Crabb & followers were massacred, I am obliged to keep a pretty sharp look out. The women, however, are very kind & affectionate, and in case of difficulty invariably give you a warning and find a place of concealment for you. At least I have found it so on two occasions. <..,>
Guaymas, the seaport of Sonora & an old city, contains perhaps eight thousand inhabitants and being an earthquake country the houses are but one story high and mostly built of adoby [sic], which is the building material of mostly all houses in Mexico and on entering one is reminded more of a large brickyard than of a large city. <..,> I would not have come here but that the three states above named will without doubt be annexed to the U.S. - if so your humble servant is all right. I have had five years experience in California and any chance that may offer here I am on hand, in fact the pioneer."
Ten Eyck also briefly describes his experiences in British Columbia during the recent Fraser River Gold Rush: "It is as hot as blazes [in Guaymas]. I feel it more perhaps than others just having come from a northern country, as the year past I have been at Vancouver's Island & British Columbia. You of course heard of the Fraser River excitement. I was almost the first of the many thousands that rushed to that cold country. It did not prove as profitable as was anticipated, still it paid me very well, as I was able after nine months hard work to leave with a five hundred more than I took with me."
In the end Ten Eyck gives his assessment of the qualities of the women he has encountered in Guaymas, "beautiful, full of life and spirit", "very positive to us Americans" etc. A very interesting important letter, with provocative views on Mexico and a bit of information on one American's experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
O.B. Throop was the owner of the only drug store in the county which still exists today as the Schoharie pharmacy, and a Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Albany and Schoharie plank road (1862).
49. TUCK, Raphael (Publ.)
[Four Colour Lithograph Plates on Two Titled:] Travelling on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway 1831 Plates I-IV. [Complete Including:] Plate I. A Train of the First Class of Carriages With the Mail; Plate II. A Train of the Second Class for Outside Passengers. - with Three Third Class Carriages Behind; Plate III. A Train of Waggons with Goods, &c. &c.; Plate IV. A Train of Carriages with Cattle.
London, Paris & New York: Raphael Tuck & Sons, 1894. Four colour lithographs on two leaves. Each ca. 24x62 cm (9 ½ x 24 ½ in). Mounted on linen backed thick paper. With some foxing of margins but overall very good lithographs.
Attractive lithographs showing carriages on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1831. "The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was a railway opened on 15 September 1830 between the North West England towns of Liverpool and Manchester in the United Kingdom. It was the first railway to rely exclusively on steam power, with no horse-drawn traffic permitted at any time; the first to be entirely double track throughout its length; the first to have a signalling system; the first to be fully timetabled; the first to be powered entirely by its own motive power; and the first to carry mail. John B. Jervis of the Delaware and Hudson Railway some years later wrote: "It must be regarded ... As opening the epoch of railways which has revolutionised the social and commercial intercourse of the civilized world".
Trains were hauled by company steam locomotives between the two towns, though private wagons and carriages were allowed. Cable hauling of freight trains was down the steeply-graded 1.26-mile Wapping Tunnel to Liverpool Docks from Edge Hill junction. The railway was primarily built to provide faster transport of raw materials, finished goods and passengers between the Port of Liverpool and mills in Manchester and surrounding towns" (Wikipedia).
50. WATILLIAUX, Editor
Jeu des Explorateurs [Game of Exploration].
Paris: Vve. Neveu, ca. 1880. Game board map ca. 68x103,5 cm (27x41 in) and original game box 36x53 cm (15 x 21 ½ in). Original game box worn and with old repairs but overall the game is still in very good original condition.
This game was inspired by the 1873 Jules Verne novel "Around the World in Eighty Days" and consists of eight itineraries around the World from Paris to Paris. Also included is a colour lithograph four-part folding world map playing board, with the eight itineraries shown, the original box with hand-coloured lithograph title and illustration pasted onto the lid, eight coloured wood playing pieces, and the original die.