May 2017 - New Acquisitions & Stock Highlights

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JONES, Thomas Morgan (d. 1817)
[Extensive Important Autograph Letter Signed "Thos. Morgan Jones" and Addressed to Reverend Matthew Wilks (1746-1829) (one of the founders of the London Missionary Society) Describing in Detail Jones' Outbound Voyage to The Gold Coast, his First Impressions of Cape Coast Castle and his Experiences of his First Seven Weeks There, Including a Detailed Account of the Preparations of Bowdich's Mission to Ashantee of Which Jones was Initially Meant to be a Participant].

Cape Coast Castle (Ghana), 8 March 1817. Folio (ca. 33x20,5 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on beige laid paper. Addressed, sealed and postmarked on the last page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, a couple of repaired tears at folds, some soiling on last page, otherwise a very good legible letter.
A historically important letter which Jones starts by saying that the "voyage hither was very favorable.., [and that he] arrived here [Cape Coast Castle] on the 16th of Jany. [1817]. He goes on to describe the landscape, "the feature of the country all along the Gold Coast is nearly the same as it is here, namely small hills covered with bush or evergreen shrubs to their very summits which gives an appearance of perpetual verdure to the country that is very pleasing." He continues by saying that "a man from the interior is called a Bushman.., [and] there are so many novelties & such myriads of birds of every description, many of whose plumage is beautiful or curious in the extreme, that a man cannot walk out without deriving amusement. I should have now sent you some birds but when shot their plumage is generally spoiled as the natives do not bring them in for sale until the rainy season & after which period I hope to send you some that may be thought worthy a place in your museum if I can be sufficiently successful in my attempt to preserve them.., I think the bush may contain a great many that are not known." He also mentions large predators, "the only carnivorous animal that is constantly here is the patacos (hyena).., [a] large leopard has not been seen here for two years that was taken by the present king of the town in a trap after many fruitless attempts to do so. This animal put the whole town in consternation."
However, the most important part of the letter relates to the preparation of Bowdich's Mission: "we brought out very superb presents for the King of Ashantee & a deportation of officers with a guard is to take them up (this embassy is described in Thomas Edward Bowdich, (1791-1824), The Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, London 1819)." Jones seems to have been meant to go on this mission but the new governor John Hope Smith (d. 1831) "wished to retain [him] at the castle.., [as the] limit the number to be sent to three officers [but still] it having been represented to him by Mr. Bowdich that I was qualified to take counter observations on the route was the reason of his so doing but as the expense of each individual will be very great on account of the great distance will be very great & as the instructions from the Committee are on a very economical plan no more will go than are absolutely necessary, namely [Frederick] James esq., Mr. Bowdich to take Lat. Long. Of various places on the route & whom I was to adjust. Mr. Tedlie as surgeon & botanist & a resident probably the first has resided many years in this country & has great knowledge of the manners, language & customs." Jones also covers many other topics in this extensive letter including further description of the countryside and its fauna, local customs and alcohol consumption, the local mission and its recently constructed school and Jones' financial and living situation etc, etc.


ASHMUN, J[ehudi] (1794-1828)
History of the American Colony in Liberia, from December 1821 to 1823. Compiled from the Authentic Records of the Colony.

Washington: Way & Gideon, 1826. First Edition. Octavo (21x13,5 cm). 42 pp. With a large folding map. Handsome period style gilt tooled full sheep with a gilt title label. With some minor browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"In 1821 a site at Cape Mesurado was selected by the American Colonization Society as appropriate for the 'repatriation' of a detachment of freed American slaves, and in 1822 Jehudi Ashmun, a white American, went out at the request of the Society to aid the infant settlement. The first settlers were landed on Providence Island at the mouth of the Mesurado River, but after protracted negotiations with Bassa and Dei headmen they eventually procured the rights to the Du Kor Peninsula on which Monrovia now stands. Ashmun was joined for a while in 1824 by Robert Gurley, who gave the settlement the name Liberia" (Howgego 1800-1850 W23).
"Ashmun was an American religious leader and social reformer who became involved in the American Colonization Society. He served as the United States government's agent in the Liberia colony and as such its de facto governor for two different terms: one from August 1822 until April 1823, and another from August 1823 until March 1828.., As United States representative to Liberia as well as agent of the ACS, Ashmun effectively became governor of the colony from 1822 to 1828, from ages 28 to 34. He took a leadership role in what he found to be a demoralized colony and helped build the defenses of Monrovia, as well as building up trade. During his tenure in Liberia, Ashmun increased agricultural production, annexed more tribal land from the natives, and exploited commercial opportunities in the interior. He helped create a constitution for Liberia that enabled blacks to hold positions in the government. This was unlike what happened in the neighboring British colony of Sierra Leone, which was dominated by whites although founded for the resettlement of free blacks from Britain and Upper Canada. Ashmun's letters home and his book, History of the American Colony in Liberia, 1821–1823 (1826) constitute the earliest written history of the Liberia colony" (Wikipedia); Sabin 2204.


LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Complete Set of Forty Numbered Magic Lantern Slides. With the Explanatory Text (16 pages) Titled:] The Life and Work of David Livingstone, Missionary and Explorer.

London: London Missionary Society, ca. 1880. Forty numbered magic lantern slides ca. 8x8 cm (3x3 in). Some of the slides with pigment that has mildly congealed (minor manufacturing flaw) but overall the slides are in very good condition. [With] explanatory text in original publishers' blue printed wrappers. Folded with two creases, some mild edge wear, front cover mildly faded but overall still a very good collection.
This rare complete set of forty numbered magic lantern slides (glass positives) includes images of Livingstone's early life, the routes of Livingstone's travels, his missionary travels, his crossing of Africa, Victoria Falls, the Zambezi Expedition, his last expedition including his meeting with Stanley and finally his death and memorial.


LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Autograph Letter Signed "David Livingstone" Dated at Mr. Stearns', Malabar Hill, Nov. 2nd 1865 and Addressed on the Verso “To H. Chowfussy." “I expect a telegram from James Young... On a subject of considerable importance to me, but as it would appear from your careful investigation that no telegram has come from England for me, the only other source I can imagine must have been from the Governor and as I have written to him to-day he will see that I have not received any - I think that no further search need be made but with hearty thanks I remain sincerely yours..,”; With: A Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph Of Livingstone Standing by a Table ca. 1865, 8,5x5,5 cm].

Nov. 2nd 1865. Octavo (ca. 18x11,5 cm) in four pages on a bifolium. Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph mounted on period stiff card with pencil caption "Livingstone" under photograph. Brown ink written in a legible hand on laid beige paper. Fold marks and with residue of mounting paste, but overall the letter and the photograph are in very good condition.
In November 1864, Livingstone had decided that he "would try to ‘settle’ the watersheds of central Africa, though he insisted that he remained primarily a missionary. He planned to return to the Rovuma, pass to the north of Lake Nyasa, look for the Nile headwaters, and then make for Ujiji, on Lake Tanganyika; but he still hoped to find a site for a trading mission. The expedition was to be small-scale, without a steamboat, and without other Europeans. The RGS put up £500, as did the British government; and £1000 came from James Young, a friend from Livingstone's student days in Glasgow, who had made a fortune from distilling paraffin" (Oxford DNB).
James Young's (1811-1883) £1000 contribution is perhaps what explains the importance of the mentioned telegram to Livingstone. This letter dates from Livingstone's time in Bombay where he organized and recruited for this expedition. "In Bombay, Livingstone recruited several sepoys, and twelve Africans from mission schools.., [and] the governor, Sir Bartle Frere.., gave the party passage in a government ship to Zanzibar [in January 1866]" (Oxford DNB). This was to be Livingstone's last expedition where after a long period without contact to the outside world, Stanley found him at Ujiji in 1871 and greeted him there with the famous salutation, "Dr Livingstone, I presume?"
William French Stearns (1835-74) was the son of the distinguished President of Amherst College, Massachusetts. He was engaged in the business of Stearns, Hobart & Co. of Bombay from 1857 to 1868. Livingstone had met Stearns in 1865 on a steamer to Bombay and had become firm friends. Stearns letters from Livingstone were published by Boston University's African Studies Centre in 1968.


[Collection of Five Large Signed Mounted Black and White Watercolours Showing Scenes of David Livingstone's Last Expedition Including his Meeting with Henry Stanley].

Ca. 1920. Watercolours each ca. 39x30 cm (15 ½ x 12 in), two captioned "Dr. Livingstone" in pencil on verso and two captioned in blue crayon "Advance copy" Page 110-1 & page 221 respectively on verso. Corners of mounts with some mild wear but overall the collection is in very good condition.
The five vivid and evocative watercolours show: Dr. Livingstone and Henry Stanley; An audience with an African Ruler; an East African slave caravan; Dr. Livingstone's canoe with three native rowers being capsized by a Hippopotamus; Dr. Livingstone waving good bye to Henry Stanley. Leo Bates was a prolific boys adventure book illustrator from about 1920 to 1950. He illustrated Coral Island, The Road to Mandalay, Elephant Swamp, Island Born: A Tale of Hawaii, The Lost Crown of Ghorapora, Peril on the Amazon, etc.., as well as illustrations for Wide World and Astounding Stories magazines. These watercolours are archetypes for illustrations in one of Bates' publications as evidenced by the notations on the verso of a couple of the watercolours.


[Manuscript Report Titled:] Description de la Côte Occidentale D'Afrique depuis le Cap Spartel juqu'au Cap Bojador [Description of the West Coast of Africa from Cape Spartel to Cape Bojador].

Ca. 1800. Quarto (28,5x18,5 cm). Twenty-four pages in fine and regular handwriting in brown ink on recto and verso of beige laid paper. Original stitched beige laid paper wrappers, overall in near fine condition.
An interesting manuscript written by an experienced navigator as a navigation guide for other seaman that gives very detailed descriptions of the African coast between Cape Spartel (near Tangiers) to Cape Bojador (Western Sahara) as well as Madeira and the Canary Island, etc.. The report includes details about latitudes, longitudes, distances, routes, anchorages, hidden rocks, tides, currents and descriptions of visible ports and villages. Overall a very descriptive manuscript offering extensive observations of the geography of the west coast of Africa and near-by islands. The first part of the manuscript describes the Atlantic coast of Morocco and Western Sahara: Cape Spartel, Arzilla (Asilah), Larache, Mamora (Mehdya), Salé, Rabat, Mazagan (El Jadida), Cap Blanc (Ras Nouadhibou), Cap Cantin (Ras Cantin), Bay of Saffia (Safi), Mogador (Essaouira), Cape Geer (Cape Ghir), Port of Gueder, Port of Cansado, Punta Blanca, Rio das Enguias, and Cape Bojador. The second part describes Madeira, and of the Canary Islands: Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Grande Canarie, Tenerife, La Palma, Hierro and Savage Islands (Selvagens), north of the Canaries.
Interesting is a description of the ruins of Anafé (Anfa), present-day Casablanca, on page 6. Anfa was rebuilt as a military fortress by the Portuguese in 1515 and called Casa Branca, then abandoned in 1755 following an earthquake: “Anfa is a long town in ruins, on the edge of the sea. It is easily recognizable due to its numerous towers…When near the town, you can see the woods called La Grange.” On page 8, reference is made to the Lichfield, a British vessel of 50 people that was lost south of Safi, on its way to Gorée Island : « It’s on this coast, approximately 2 leagues south of the river, that the Lichfield vessel of 50 was lost on November 29 1758. » Another source states that the survivors were taken as slaves by the king of Morocco. Some other interesting extracts from the manuscript include:
P. 4: «We can moor everywhere in front of Salé, three cable lengths from the shore, there is depth ; but we find several anchors left by vessels of different nations that may damage the cables. The best mooring is about 2 miles from the town… When we are on the side of Rabatt or old Salé, we must bank the Ahan Tower in the direction of the Round Tower that is at the southern point of the river… »
p. 6: «Mazagan is a fortified town that belongs to Portugal, it is the worst mooring of the entire coast of Barbarie…The bottom is full of rocks between one length and one and a half lengths from the coast… The vessels that stop there moor 2 lengths off the coast, by 35 to 36 fathoms. The waves are always very strong. »
p. 13-16: «Madeira Island is very high, except the extremity which lowers steeply. It is often covered in clouds which render it poorly visible 5 or 6 lengths away and it is often touched before it is discovered… When we leave Funchal for Tenerife, we must travel directly westward, to avoid the Savage Islands that are very dangerous at night…”
p. 21-22: “From the West side of Canary to the point closest to Tenerife, the distance is not more than 10 lengths. In the centre of this island is found the famous Tenerife peak, referred to by the former and current inhabitants as the peak of Teyde… South-East of the island is the bay or port of Santa Cruz, the most attended of all the ports in the Canaries. The best mooring on this route is between the middle of the city and a fort or castle around 1 mile away…”


[Album of over 300 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Documenting the Zaïan and Rif Wars In Morocco].

Ca. 1917-1925. Oblong Folio ca. 29x42,5 cm. Twenty-five purple album leaves. Over 300 original gelatin silver prints, two are ca. 17,5x23 cm (6 ¾ x 9 in), over 45 prints are ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and the rest are ca. 9x11,5 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ½ in) or smaller. Photographs are mounted, and the majority with period manuscript black ink captions in French. Additionally with over 20 French newspaper clippings and magazine articles mounted on album leaves. Period maroon pebbled cloth album. Overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This collection documents in detail the success of French conquest in Morocco between 1917 and 1925. It focuses on the submission of several Berber villages to French rule during and following the Zaian war (which took place 1914-1921, as France extended its influence in Morocco eastwards through the Middle Atlas, met with resistance from Berber tribes). These include Ksiba (captioned “newly won”), Aguelmame Aziza, Tsiwant (village stormed in 1923), Aït Bazza (photos include Colonel de Chambrun explaining the manœuvre on the eve of the attack and the submission of the village), an exchange between the Maréchal Lyautey and Zayan Pasha (1922), and the submission of Tribes from North of the Ouergha River to Aïn Aïcha in 1924. The album also documents a portion of the Rif War, a colonial war between Riffain tribes and the French and Spanish troops in the Rif mountains (1921-1926), including a visit from Damaso Berenguer, High Commissioner of Spanish Morocco, aerial photographs marking posts and villages, and several images of Riffain prisoners. Also included are over 15 photos of Almis du Guigou, including Armistice Day (November 11 1918), a visit from Alexandre Millerand ( President of France from 1920-1924) in 1922
The photographs are likely taken by Lieutenant de Séroux from the 1st Spahi Regiment, whose accomplishments are highlighted in newspaper clippings included in the album. A photograph shows his decoration by Maréchal Lyautey (the first French Resident-General in Morocco from 1912 to 1925) in June 1918. Also photographed is General Poeymiraum, one of Maréchal Lyautey’s collaborators; both are known for playing crucial roles in the submission of the Zaïans.
The photograph include (with the original French captions): Fes; Campements; Premier avion atterit à Almis, 10-1918; Le Maréchal Lyautey me décore (june 1918); Almis du Guigou; Tazouta 1920; Sefrou 1920; General Poeymirau; Visite du Président de la République Millerand au Maroc; Khenifra; Le Maréchal et le Pasha des Zaïans; Ksiba nouvellement conquis; Rabat: Défilé du 14 Juillet 1922; Le roi et la reine des Belges s’embarquant sur le «Diana»; La reine des Belges à Casablanca; Dans le Moyen Atlas; Aguelmame Aziza; Le village de Tsiouant Foukani pris d’assaut en 1923; Aït Bazza: veille d’opération, Le Colonel de Chambrun explique la manœuvre; Visite du Général Berenguer, Haut Commissaire Espagnole à Fez, 1923; Le Pasha Baghdadi de Fes; Voyage des Attachés Militaires Etrangers au Maroc 1923; Soumission des Tribus du Nord de l’Ouergh à Aïn Aïcha (1924); Ma decoration à Aïn-Aïcha Janvier 1925; Taounate 1924-1925; Aerial photographs; Prisoniers Riffains Juillet 1925.


KOENEN, Jos[eph?], Regierungs-Landmesser
[Album of Fifty-three Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Swakopmund, Windhoek, Gross Barmen, Oljimbingue, Karibib, Ababis and Khan in Deutsch Suedwest Afrika (Namibia), Compiled by a Senior German Colonial Surveyor].

15 December 1900. Oblong Quarto (18x25 cm). 25 stiff light green album leaves. With 53 original gelatin silver photographs, fifty of which are mounted ca. 11,5x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) and three smaller personal ones loosely inserted. Images inserted recto and verso into windows of album leaves and all captioned in manuscript in German in black ink on mounts. Original green embossed cloth album with manuscript black ink paper title label "Suedwest-Afrika 1900-1903" on front cover. Covers mildly soiled and with mild wear of extremities, a couple repaired tears of mounts, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This album which was compiled by a senior German colonial official contains historically interesting and candid photos of Namibia when it was the German colony of Deutsch Suedwest Afrika and includes views of: Swakopmund (general view, port, bookstore, trading company buildings, Bank (Deutsche Colonial Gesellschaft fuer Suedwest Afrika), "Deutschen Colonial Handelsgesellschaft" buildings, "Damara-Namaqua Handelsgesellschaft" buildings, customs office, shipping company buildings, Oberstlieutnant Leutwein (Gouverneur) taking a walk, Central Hotel with accommodations for staff, "Swakopmunder Handelgesellschaft" store, trains station with steam engine, pump station with waterline, quarry for building of the port with Ovambo workers, view over the Imperial port construction office, construction of railroad, home of Major Pofall, post office, ox wagens, "Tippelskirch & co." building, whale bones on the beach, Cafe Hagemeister); Windhoek (Governor Leutwein at his residence, general view, war memorial, street scene, hot springs, artillery barracks, ruins of a fort (war with Witbooi), place of Hottentots massacre, first Government house, Catholic Mission, street in Little Windhoek, View of Little Windhoek); Gross Barmen, Oljimbingue, Last troop transport; Karibib train station & post station; Ababis; Khan (general view, train station, cliffs); Rossing Train station; Luederitzbucht; native prisoners. Overall a very interesting album of evocative views showing Namibia shortly before the Herero and Namaqua genocide (1904-7).


[Album of 109 Original Albumen Photographs Showing the Architecture, People and Places Along the North and East Coast of Tunisia Titled:] Souvenir de Tunisie
1884. Large Oblong Folio album ca. 27,5x35,5 cm (10 ¾ x 14 in). 109 original albumen photographs including 93 ca. 13,5x22,5 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) to 20x26 cm (8 x 10 in), and 16 ca. 16,5x11.5 cm (6 ½ x 4 ½ in) to 20x15,5 cm (8 x 6 in) mounted on recto and/or verso of 46 beige album leaves ca. 26,5x32 cm (10 ¼ x 12 ½ in). 48 are captioned in period manuscript pencil or in negative on the print by the studio. Period red quarter Morocco with gilt title on front cover and pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Some mounts mildly foxed and a couple of photographs mildly faded but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
This album contains photographs showing landscapes, villages and local people along the North and East coast of Tunisia during a visit by French officials in 1884 (soon after the Marsa convention was signed in 1883, which required administrative and judicial reforms under the French Protectorate). Interesting are photographs showing officials: one photograph shows a French official sitting next to a group of Tunisian people and another shows a procession of officials on horses, followed by local people, nuns and other religious figures. A group photo of Tunisian people is captioned “National Tour 1884.” A large portion of the images shows Tunis, including the old port of Carthage, clothing and perfume markets, and several photographs of the Dar el Bey government palace. Three large photographs show buildings and people along the banks of the Bizerte canal. Images of Sfax include the crowded Central street, a market near the city’s ramparts, and a view of the city. Four photographs show Kairouen, particularly the interior and exterior of the Grand Mosque. There are also many photographs of the rural regions in between towns, including an image of people gathering water at an oasis between Menzel and Djaraa, women cleaning clothes in a valley near Gabes, Arab horsemen, and an oasis near Nefta. Also included are several photographs of Malta, including Fort St Angelo and the Royal Theatre. Overall an extensive collection of excellent photographs of Tunisia.
Captioned Photos: Porte de France; La residence; Dar el Bey; Souk des Tailleurs; Souk des Parfums; Vue du Bardo; Vue de Carthage; Cathédrale de Carthage; Chapelle de St Louis, Entrée du Musée, Carthage; Le Canal (Bizerte); Vue du Canal; Rue a Sfax; Anciens ports de Carthage; Palais dar Hussein; Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée Kairouen; Vue de Sfax; Marché a l’alfa devant les remparts (Sfax); Rue Centrale (Sfax); Marché de Djara; Dans l’oasis à Gabés; Entre Menzel et Djaraa; Pont de Menzel; Sur les bords de l’Oued Gabés; Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée à Kairouen; Ancien Harem (Bardo); Escalier des lions au Bardo; Alger, Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée; Gabès; Oasis de Nefta; Cavaliers Arabes; Jardin à Nefta; A Travers l’Oasis de Tozeur; Piscine Romaine à Gafsa; Tunis, Place de la Kasbah; Tunis, Entrée du Dar-el-Bey; Cour du Dar-el-Bey, Tunis; Marabout ruiné, près du fort Sidi-ben-Hassen; Fort St Angelo, Malta; Royal Theatre, Malta; Strada Sta Lucia, Malta; Tomb of Compte Beanjolais, St John’s church, Malta; Grande Mosquée Kairouen; Anciens Ports de Carthage; Maison Arabe; Souk des Parfums; Vue Générale Kairouen; Tunis Regardant la Kasbah; El-Djem; Tour National 1834.


STACY, Edward P., Boatsteerer
[A Complete Journal of a South Atlantic Whaling Voyage with Details of Encounters with Hottentots in Namibia, Titled:] Remarks & Occurrences on Board the Timor of London on a Voyage to the Southern Whale Fishery. John T. Parker Commander.

1819-20. Folio (ca. 32,5x21 cm). Ca. 100 pages of manuscript entries in a legible hand in brown ink on beige laid paper. Period full pig skin, covers with wear, some minor staining of text, a couple of leaves loose, one page cut away (censorship/errors), but replaced on the next page so text continuous and complete. Overall in very good condition. Housed in a recent custom made quarter cloth clam shell box with a printed paper label and marbled paper covers.
This is the complete journal of a South Atlantic whaling voyage that began March 2 1819 off the Isle of Wight, and ended February 9th 1820 off Gravesend. The Timor laid anchor at Maio Island (Cape Verde), Angra Pequena and Walvis Bay on the outbound voyage and in St. Helena (with excursions towards Tristan da Cunha in search of whales) on the homeward voyage. The journal includes an interesting description an encounter with Hottentots at Angra Pequena on the 30th of May 1819, when some of the crew "went off with three boats towards the head of the bay. Saw 18 of the native Hottentots men & women, they did not appear to have any huts thereabouts, they had several dogs & were armed with bows, arrows & spears which they laid on the ground at a distance from them & made signs to us to land for which they seemed very anxious. We gave them some biscuits & a knife or two but did not land. One of them had a kind of bronze? in his hand as a sign of peace, which he kept pointing to & shaking. They made a very wretched appearance, were woolly headed, which was clotted together with grease & other filth. They were nearly naked, had a seal skin over the shoulders & a small strip of leather around their middle, had sandals for the feet on account of the sharp rocks and a few beads & shells round their forehead as ornaments." Later that year on August 3rd Stacy again at Angra Pequena Stacy" saw a party of natives on the main land, went to them with the boats, they proved to be a party of the natives of Battania? Sent by the missionary Mr. Swallow, to any ship they might fall in with at Angra Pequena or elsewhere. By the letters which they brought from that gentleman, they had been 46 days on the passage, they had got a large quantity of bullocks & 15 sheep." Which they were to trade for things that would be useful back at the mission. During the following 3 days some of the natives where taken onboard to trade and some of the crew also went to the mainland to trade. Stacy goes on to say that on August 6th "The natives left us to go to their native homes, well pleased with our behavior towards them & well satisfied with the trade they had made which consisted highly of knives, lead, powder & handkerchiefs. Their behaviour was admirable handsome to that gentleman whose benevolence shown conspicuous in these poor converts. He had been 10 years among them. The captain entrusted [the natives] a handsome present [for Mr. Swallow]."
During the voyage the crew caught thirty-four whales, mostly right whales with an occasional humpback, and stowed hundreds of barrels of oil. She employed three boats, with two in reserve (which frequently joined the hunt), and caught most of her whales working out of Angra Pequena and Walvis Bays, off the coast of what is now Namibia. She also fished for a time with the English whale ship “Emma,” including a strange agreement between the two ships during the first two weeks in June not to lower for a whale unless she had a calf with her! At one point the two ships got in a dispute over a whale, and the “Emma” departed about a month later, with “a full ship.” There is plenty of action in this journal, and whales taken are represented by Stacy’s drawings, in ink or pencil, of whale flukes. Also interesting is the detail that Stacy, who was a harpooner, goes into about the ship’s whale craft – whaling tools – and the preparations for whaling that took up the first three months of the voyage. There are frequent mentions of such things as breaking out gear, making drogues for the boats, bellows for the forge, fitting the grindstone and grindstone trough, sharpening lances and harpoons, “strapping two double & single purchase blocks to heave the whales lips in with,” and practicing the chase in the ship’s three main boats.


WHYMPER, F[rederick] (1838-1901)
[Two Original Signed Ink and Wash Sketches of Nuklukayet and a Russian Mission Settlement on the Yukon River in Russian America, Taken during His Journey up the Yukon River to Fort Yukon as a Member of the Russian-American Telegraph Expedition in September 1866-August 1867].

1867. Two pen and wash sketches on paper, ca. 19x42 cm (7 ½ x 16 ½ in) and ca. 15,5x42 cm (6 x 16 ½ in). Each mounted on slightly larger piece of period card, dated and signed by the artist “F. Whymper del. 1867” in the right lower corner; handwritten titles (in brown ink) on the mounts. Both watercolours slightly age toned, the second watercolour with minor scratches on the upper margin and of the title on the mount (with some text missing), otherwise a very good pair of watercolours.
Two historically important watercolour views of two settlements on the Yukon River in Russian America drawn by British artist Frederick Whymper who extensively travelled across Alaska during the Russian-American Telegraph Expedition (1865-1867). The first drawing shows Nuklukayet – an important trading ground of the Native Americans from the upper reaches of the Yukon and “the furthest point ever reached by the Russian traders” (Whymper, F. Travel and Adventure in the Territory of Alaska. London, 1868, p. 210). Nuklukayet was abandoned in the end of the 19th century; the closest modern settlement is Tanana, about one mile downstream. The artist gave a peaceful picture of the village with the native Americans gathered next to their tents on the bank of the river, poles with drying fish, numerous canoes on shore, mighty Yukon and distant hills in the background. The second drawing shows the Russian Mission village on the lower Yukon where Whymper and his companions stopped just for three hours on their way back from Fort Yukon in July 1867. Whymper created an attractive picture of the whole little settlement: Russian Orthodox church and the priest’s house, three log houses of the Russian American Company (a native American is standing next to the door of one of them), elevated storage on high poles, and a couple of tents. Overall beautiful early views of the Yukon River when still a possession of Russian America.
This is how Whymper described both places in his book “Travel and Adventure in the Territory of Alaska...” (London, 1868):
“In the evening [June 7, 1867] we made the junction of the Tanana River and the Yukon, between which, on a tongue of land, Nuclukayette, an Indian trading ground of importance, is situated. <…> The place in the furthest point ever reached by the Russian traders, and is about 240 miles above Nulato. Within the last two or three years some of the Hudson Bay Company’s men have also come down with trading goods to this village. Hither come Indians from all quarters. Co-Yukons, Newicarguts, Tananas, and even the Kotch-á-kutchins from Fort Yukon. On some occasions their gatherings have numbered 600 persons. <…> On landing at this village a ceremony had to be gone through, possible to test whether we had “strong hearts” or not. The Indians already there, advanced, whooping, yelling, and brandishing their guns till they reached us, and then discharged them in the air. We, with the Indians just arrived, returned the compliment <…>. We found this place almost bare of provisions; the Indians dancing and singing all the same with empty stomachs, knowing that the season for moose-hunting was at hand” (210-211).
“On the 20th [of July, 1867], at half-past four in the morning, we reached the “Missie,” or Mission, once exclusively what its name implies, but now both the residence of a priest of the Greek Church and the sole Russian trading post on the lower river. We met the priest , or “pope,” as the Russians term him, afterwards at St. Michael’s, and a very saintly and heavily-bearded individual he was, but said to be by no means averse to the bottle. <…> The Russians had centralized their forces at the Mission, and had withdrawn them from Andreavski – to be hereafter mentioned – and from the Kolmakoff Redoubt on the Koskequim River. From this place they made periodical trading excursions. <…> The settlement comprises a chapel with two buildings attached, the property of the priest, and three log houses appertaining to the Fur Company. There is no fort or enclosed space. <…> We stopped there about three hours, and then resumed our journey…” (p. 235-236).
“Nuklukayet: locality, at junc. Of Tanana and Yukon Rivers <…> Former Indian trading camp and settlement located on the right bank of the Yukon River near the junction of the Tanana River, usually between the Tozitna River and Mission Hill; reported by Dall (1870, p. 57) as “Nuklukahyet.” With the establishment of a trading station, about 1869, the area became a more permanent station. (See Tanana)” (Orth, D.J. Dictionary of Alaska Place Names. Washington, 1967, p. 708).
“Russian Mission, village, pop. 102, on right bank of Yukon River 25 mi SE of Marshall, Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta <…>. Var. Ekogmute, Ikagmiut, Ikogmut, Ikogmute, the Mission. The Eskimo name for this village appears to have been reported by Lt. L.A. Zagoskin, IRN, in 1842-44 and published in Russian by Tikhmenev, in 1861, as “S[elo] Ikogmyut,” possibly meaning “people of the point.” It is listed by I. Petroff in the 1880 Census as “Ikogmute,” with 143 inhabitants; the 1890 Census lists 140. Baker (1906, p. 32), gives a population of 350 Eskimo in 1902. This village was the location of a Russian Orthodox Mission (sometimes called “Porkovskaya Mission”), established in 1851, the first in the interior of Alaska (Oswalt, 1963, p. 6). The designation “Russian Mission” supplanted the Eskimo name about 1900” (Orth, Idem, p. 822).
“Russian Mission(IqugmiutinCentral Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska. It was the location of the first fur trading post of the Russian-American Company in 1842. It was officially named Russian Mission after the sale of Russian American possessions to the United States. The sale of alcohol is prohibited. At the 2000 census the population was 296” (Wikipedia).
“Whymper arrived in Victoria in the autumn of 1862, and the following summer he travelled to the Cariboo district of British Columbia on what he described as “a sketching and pedestrian tour.” <…> After a second winter in Victoria, Whymper set out in March 1864 for Bute Inlet (B.C.), in order to publicize through his drawings the road that Alfred Penderell Waddington was attempting to build to the Cariboo. He dutifully gave good reports of the enterprise, but attracted more attention from his account of the background to the killing of workers on the project by Indians, which had occurred while he was leaving the region. <…> Soon after he arrived back in Victoria, Whymper applied for the position of artist on the Vancouver Island Exploring Expedition. Of wiry build, he accepted the rigours of an expedition which covered much of the southern part of the island. An exhibition of 33 of his drawings from the exploration was held in Victoria in November 1864.
In 1865 Whymper joined the Russian-American Telegraph project, which intended to construct a telegraph line linking the United States and Europe through British Columbia, Alaska, and Siberia. As its artist he went to Norton Sound (Alas.) during the summer and then crossed to Petropavlovsk (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, Russia). Following a winter in San Francisco, he again set out for Petropavlovsk and subsequently travelled around the Gulf of Anadyr (Andadyrsky Zaliv, Russia). Near the end of October 1866 he crossed to Mikhailovski (St Michael) on Norton Sound, and after a winter at Nulato he ascended the Yukon River to Fort Yukon, where he received news of the successful laying of a transatlantic telegraph cable. On his return to Mikhailovski in August 1867 he was told of the abandonment of the Russian-American project” (Dictionary of Canadian Biography online).


12. [ALASKA]
CASSIN, John (1813-1869)
Illustrations of the Birds of California, Texas, Oregon, British and Russian America.

Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., [1853-]1856. First Edition. Quarto (28x20 cm). Viii, 298 pp. With fifty hand-colored lithographed plates by William E. Hitchcock, the first twenty after George G. White. 20th century red gilt tooled full sheep with raised bands. Spine slightly rubbed, plates generally clean, plate 10 with light wear to top margin, text very mildly age toned, overall a very good copy.
"First edition in book form, originally issued in ten parts from 1853 to 1855. The work aimed to cover the species discovered since the appearance of Audubon's Birds of America. Cassin (1813-1869) headed an engraving and lithographing firm in Philadelphia which produced illustrations for government and scientific publications. He pursued ornithology as an amateur, giving his spare time to the Philadelphia Academy of Science which was developing the largest bird specimen collection then in existence. Cassin arranged and catalogued the 26,000 specimens, and published regular reports of the results of his research. Unlike Audubon, his publications were primarily technical monographs of new species" (Sothebys); This work was "to be regarded in some measure as an addition to the works of former authors in American Ornithology, but at the same time complete in itself" (Preface). Cassin especially sought to describe birds not known to Audubon. Lada-Mocarski 144; Nissen 173; Sabin 11369; Sitwell p. 85; Wood p. 281; Zimmer p. 124.


[ESTALA, Pedro] [1757-1810]
Beyträge zur genauern Kenntniss der Spanischen Besitzungen in Amerika aus dem Spanischen übersetzt und mit einigen Anmerkungen begleitet von Christian August Fischer [Notes on the Spanish Possessions in America Translated from the Spanish and Accompanied by notes by C. A. Fischer].

Dresden: Heinrich Gerlach, 1802. First Edition. Duodecimo (ca. 16,5x10,5 cm). xvi, 276, [3] pp. Handsome period brown gilt tooled half sheep, with yellow paste paper boards and a brown gilt label. Title page with a faint library marking, extremities very mildly rubbed, but overall a very good copy.
The present work which is focussed on trade includes chapters on Havana including notes on the slave trade, Mexico including its trade with Spain, Buenos Ayres including a description of the Pampas, Tucuman with notes on the customs of the colonists, Peru with a detailed description of its Pacific ports, Montana Real with a description of the Maranon River and its exploration etc, etc. Fischer also translated Don Felix de Azara Voyages to South America into German. Sabin 24418 (Fischer); Palau 83424.


ORTELIUS, A[braham] (1527-1598)
[Map of Western Hemisphere Titled:] Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio.

Antwerp, ca. 1571. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 36,5x50,5cm (14 ½ x 20 in). Map cleaned and sized and with some expert minor repair to lower blank margin, remains of archival mounting tape on verso. Overall still a very good and attractive map.
This attractive ornamental map is an impression from the first of three copperplates, without the publisher's address, second state (of three) with the Azores correctly labelled. From one of the third Latin editions, 1571-73. "Ortelius depicts the discoveries of a number of people on this map, but the general shape of the continent is derived from Gerard Mercator's great twenty-one sheet world map of the previous year. The two of them had a close relationship and shared their knowledge openly with each other.., One of the main noticeable features of the map is the bulbous Chilean coastline; this was not corrected until his third plate. A strategically placed cartouche hides a complete lack of knowledge of the southern waters of the Pacific. Once through the Strait of Magellan the voyager's sea route took him on an almost direct course for the East Indies. No sight had been made of a large continent but conventional wisdom had it that there had to be as much land in the southern hemisphere as in the northern. This was not fully dispelled until the second voyage of the remarkable Captain James Cook in 1772-75. The west coast of North America is shown too far west, as was common at the time" (Burden 39). "This is one of the most famous maps of America and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The map features an exaggerated breadth of the North American continent, with a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego" (Old World Auctions); Broecke 9.2; Koeman III, 9000: 31A; Tooley, America S. 320; Wagner 80.


SCHRENK, Alexander Gustav von (1816-1876)
Reise nach dem Nordosten des Europäischen Russlands, durch die Tundren der Samojeden, zum Arktischen Uralgebirge, auf Allerhoesten Befehl fuer den Kaiserlichen Botanischen Garten zu St. Petersburg im Jahre 1837 Ausgefuehrt [Travels to the Northeast of European Russia, through the Tundras of the Samoyeds, to the Arctic Ural Mountains..,].

Dorpat (Tartu, Estonia): Heinrich Laakmann, 1848-1854. First Edition. Quarto (ca. 24,5x16,5 cm), 2 vols. xliv, 730; iv, 568. With six lithographed plates (four folding), and one folding table. Original yellow printed publisher's wrappers. A near fine set in very original condition.
Schrenk was a Baltic German naturalist born near Tula in the Russian Empire and his brother was the zoologist Leopold von Schrenk. This set is a rare work by Schrenk on the botanical expedition to study the flora of the Samoyed inhabited Arctic areas of the Urals under the auspices of the Royal Botanical Gardens of St. Petersburg. The travels took him via Arkhangelsk to the Pechora River and then onto the shores of the Pechora Sea and further via the Yugorsky Strait to Vaygach Island to study its geology and botany. This work also includes much valuable information on the way of life of the Samoyeds. Graesse VI p. 317; Henze 5 p.90.


[Album of 174 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of the Voyage of German Naval Officer Fritz Standke to the Iguazu Falls and Asuncion on a Streamer via the Rio de la Plata, Uruguay, Parana, Paraguay Rivers with Stops in Uruguay, Argentina and Paraguay].

1918. Oblong Folio (24,5x33 cm). 30 brown album leaves. With 174 original gelatin silver photographs ca. 17,5x23,5 cm (7 x 9 ½ in) and smaller, the smallest ones ca. 4,5x6,5 cm (2 x 2 ½ in). Images mounted on recto and verso of album leaves most captioned in German in manuscript white ink and some with printed paper labels on mounts. Additionally included are two manuscript maps in white ink and mount mounted printed text describing details of the journey. Original blue patterned full cloth album. Overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
The interesting photographs in this very extensively annotated album include views of Argentina (Buenos Aires (Darsena Norte), Isla Martin Garcia with interior and exterior photos of barracks, Colon, Concordia, Posadas including a series of photographs documenting the harvest of Yerba Mate, San Ignacio including ruins of the old mission, riding through the Amazon Jungle; Uruguay (Paysandu, Salto); A series of over 70 photos of the Iguazu falls with hotel and surroundings; Paraguay (Asuncion (panorama and port); San Bernardino). Included in the photographs are two-part panoramas of Darsena Norte, Garganta del Diablo, Asuncion, San Bernadino, Iguazu Falls.


GARDNER, Edward (1784-1861) [Resident in Kathmandu 1816-29]
[Autograph Letter Signed to a Superior (Most likely Governor-General of Bengal, Francis, Earl of Moira (later 1st Marquis of Hastings) Reporting the Latest Intelligence Including Troop Strengths and Movements of the Gurkhas (Nepali Troops) in the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814-16)].

Hawalbagh, 18 Dec. 1815. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 6 pp. Brown ink on beige wove paper. Original fold marks, otherwise in very good condition.
An historically important letter written by Gardner from Hawalbagh during the ratification period of the Treaty of Segauli. The letter starts with information about Nepali troop strength in Kumaon which "does not appear to be above four or five hundred men at present" Other Nepalese troops "are said to have gone to the East towards Nepal." Generally of the Nepalese troops "there does not seem to be any of that bustle among them that one would expect on the eve of an invasion notwithstanding the warlike preparations on our side - it certainly has not the appearance of war on the part of the Gurkhas." Also mentioned is a letter Gardner received from Colonel Gardiner from the Gurakhpur frontier where Gardiner says "nobody knows anything about the Gurkhas in that quarter. That they are neither seen nor heard of or appear from what he can learn, to be making any preparations for defence, however in not seeing them he says is no proof that they are unprepared for us."
Gardner "played a crucial role in bringing Nepal into treaty relations with the British in India" (Watson, Lost Botanist of Nepal). For his services Gardner was rewarded by being made Resident (Honoray Consul) to the court of the Rajah in Kathmandu in 1816, where he remained as Resident for the next 14 years; "With his deep understanding and strong liking of the people of Nepal, he was the perfect person for the job and against the odds he largely succeeded"(Watson). Gardner was also a passionate plant collector but his "prolific collections and his pioneering contribution to Himalayan botany are largely unknown to modern botanists" (Watson).


THRING, Alicia Anne (1783-1862)
[Twenty Watercolours of Chinese Subjects, the Majority Showing Chinese Costumes, Mounted on Seven Album Leaves].

Clifton, Bristol, 25 June 1824. Watercolours on card ca. 11x10 cm (4x4 in) or slightly smaller mounted on seven large quarto (29x22,5 cm) album leaves, all but three captioned in manuscript ink. One watercolour and caption loose, loose watercolour signed and dated "Alicia Anne Thring June 25th 1824." Overall the collection is in very good condition.
Thring is an artist known for her fine botanical studies. The present charming Chinese costume watercolours are of a similar quality and the subjects include: Kien Long Emperor of China; Grand Lama; Mandarin; Chinese Soldiers; A Tartar Soldier; Another Tartar Soldier; Riding Barrow of a Tartar Lady; Cormorants Fishing; Chine Working Man - Chinese Peasant; Mahometan Woman & Son; Mandarin of the Fifth Class; Chinese Stage Cart; A Bonze Performing his Vow; A Chinese Lady; A Young Licentiate, Sedan Chair of the Prime Minister; Tartar Woman & Child, Tao-Tse.


19. [ASIA - CHINA]
[Album of 162 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Shanghai, Tsingtau (Qingdao), Hong Kong, Peking (Beijing), Syfang (Sifang), Kiautschou (Jiaozhou), Tientsin (Tianjin), Weihsien (Weifang) and Hankau (Wuhan) Compiled by a German Colonial Officer at the time of the Boxer Rebellion].

Ca. 1900. Oblong Folio (28x36 cm). 25 thick beige album leaves. With 162 original mounted glossy gelatin silver photographs, the largest ca. 21x28 cm (8 ½ x 11 in) and the majority ca. 10x13,5 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). Images mounted recto and verso on album leaves, most captioned in German in red ink on mounts. With three concert programmes in German printed in Tsingtau (Qingdao) loosely inserted. Period black morocco-backed lacquer binding, upper cover with a mother of pearl and ivory relief of a woman playing a flute on a bird. Extremities of album with mild wear, a couple of photos mildly faded, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This album is an impressive visual record of colonial China at the time of the Boxer Rebellion as seen through the eyes of a German colonial officer and includes images of Syfang; Shanghai; Tsingtau; Hong Kong; Weihsien; Kiautschou; Tientsin; Peking; Hankau. Although a couple of professional photographs are included in the collection, the majority of the photos are excellent, candid amateur images which include military group shots and excercises, temple complexes and pagodas, panoramas of Shanghai, Hong Kong and Tsingtau, lively street scenes, portraits of local inhabitants, city gates, colonial buildings including the German Consulate in Shanghai, Tientsin train station and Schantung Eisenbahn Gessellschaft train, scenes of beheadings and executions of Boxer rebels, local theaters, market scenes, Peking City wall, Great Wall of China, a series of views of the evacuation of Shanghai (Boxer Rebellion), Peking Forbidden city, and several evocative scenes from smaller towns and villages etc. Overall an excellent visual record of colonial China at the time of the Boxer Rebellion.


20. [ASIA - CHINA]
DU HALDE, Jean Baptiste (1674-1743)
The General History of China. Containing a Geographical, Historical, Chronological, Political and Physical Description of the Empire of China, Chinese-Tartary, Corea and Thibet. Including an Exact and Particular Account of Their Customs, Manners, Ceremonies, Religion, Arts and Sciences.

London: John Watts, 1736. First English Edition. Octavo (ca. 20x13 cm) 4 vols. [xiv], 509; [xiv], 438; [xiv], 496; [xiv], 464 pp. With four engraved frontispieces, four folding maps, and fifteen other engraved plates (eleven folding). Handsome period brown gilt tooled full mottled calf. Some very mild wear to extremities but overall a near fine set in very original condition.
"Encyclopaedic survey of China, compiled from unpublished and printed works of 17 Jesuits. The maps by d'Anville were based on Jesuit surveys" (Lust 12); "Du Halde was commissioned to collect and publish letters by Jesuit missionaries from far-flung places, particularly China. The result was this highly regarded history of the Orient. Du Halde is credited with compiling the first definitive European work on the Chinese Empire. This work is also noted for the first published account of Vitus Bering's first expedition to Alaska in 1725-28" (Hill 498); This edition "supplied such a richness of Chinese lore as had never been accessible [before] in the English language" (Löwendahl 399); Cordier Sinica 49-50; Cox I, p. 335.


21. [ASIA - CHINA]
LE COMTE, Louis (1655-1728)
Memoirs and Observations Topographical, Physical, Mathematical, Mechanical, Natural, Civil and Ecclesiastical made in a late Journey through the Empire of China..,

London: Benj. Tooke, 1697. First English Edition. Octavo (19,5x13 cm). [xxiv] 527, +[1] pp. Engraved portrait frontispiece, 3 engraved plates (2 folding) and a folding table. Period dark brown mottled full calf. Recently rebacked using original title label, text with a few spots of minor staining, frontispiece and title page with some mild browning, but overall a very good copy.
"The author was a Jesuit, confessor to the Duchess of Burgundy, one of the Royal Mathematicians, and later missionary to the Far East" (Cox I, 330); "Louis de Comte "was among the first group of Jesuits to be selected by Louis XIV for service in China.., [The group which included Joachim Bouvet and Jean-Francois Gerbillion arrived at Peking in 1688]. They were favorably received by the emperor Khang-hi, who retained Bouvet and Gerbillion as his instructors in mathematics. While engaged in this work, the two fathers wrote several mathematical treatises in the Tartar language which the emperor had translated into Chinese. The Jesuits were given a site within the palace enclosure for a church and residence, and these were completed in 1702" (Howgego B146); "Le Compte was one of the great number of tremendously erudite Jesuits who originally went to China on as missionaries, aiming to convert the Chinese to Christianity through first converting the members of the court" (PBA Galleries); China Illustrata Nova 1589; Lust 51.


22. [ASIA - CHINA]
OKADA, Gyokuzan Yusho (1737-1812), OKA, Yugaku Bunki (1762-1833), & OHARA, Toya Minsei (1771-1840)
Morokoshi Meisho Zue [Description of Famous Places In China].

Osaka: Kawachiya Kichibei et al., Bunka 3 [1806]. First Edition. Quarto (ca. 26x18 cm) 6 vols. With ca. 250 woodcut views and maps, of which approx. 170 are double-page. Original publisher's orange wrappers each with printed paper title labels and housed in a later cloth slip case. Wrappers with some mild signs of wear, text with a couple of spots of very minor worming but overall in very good original condition with strong impressions of the woodcuts.
Rare important xylographically printed work which is extensively illustrated with about 250 woodcut views and maps, of which about 170 are double-page. The work contains double page maps of China and Korea including the provinces of the Qing Empire and a map of Peking. The woodcut illustrations include ones of famous landmarks such as the Forbidden City, the astronomical observatory of Peking (established by the Jesuits Johann Adam Schall and Ferdinand Verbiest), the Great Wall, topographical views including cities, towns and landscapes, palaces and members of the royal family, temples with religious ceremonies, Chinese costumes and customs, markets with merchants, military scenes and weapons, scientific and musical instruments etc. The text describes the sights and scenes shown by the woodcuts and the history, arts and literature of China. Kerlen, Catalogue of the Pre-Meiji Japanese Books and Maps, 1077. “This work contains many city plans and maps of China provinces. The illustrations… depict mostly topographical views: natural, archaeological or sacred sites… and palaces, or historical and legendary scenes based on classical literature" (Western Travellers in China 54).


TEMPLER, Charles Bertram, Major (1860-1931)
[Album of Twelve Original Watercolours of Ladakh, with a Later Watercolour View of Rochefort, France].

Ca. 1886. Oblong Folio (28x37,5 cm). Thirteen watercolours mounted on recto and verso of five card album leaves, including eight larger ones, ca. 17,5x25 cm (7x10 in) or slightly smaller, and five smaller ones, ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5x7 in). All watercolours captioned in ink on the lower margins of the album leaves, all but one are signed “CBT” and dated 1886 and 1909 in the lower left or right corners of the drawings. Manuscript title of the album on the first free endpaper “C.B. Templer. Octr. 1928. Exmouth. With sketches dating from 1886.” With a large cabinet portrait photo ca. 20x15,5 cm (7 ¾ x 6 in), captioned “Charles Johann” [?] in the right lower corner, mounted on the front pastedown. Period black half sheep with green pebble-grain cloth boards. Expertly rebacked in style, card mounts slightly age toned, otherwise a very good album.
An album of interesting watercolours of Ladakh (now a part of the Jammu and Kashmir State, India) executed by Major C.B. Templer of the Indian Army, 19th Regiment of Bengal Lancers (Fane’s Horse). He served in India in 1880-1893 and took part in the second Mirazai Expedition of 1891. During his service with the 19th Lancers Templer participated in the horse races and was the first holder of the Indian Grand National Trophy (Some reminiscences of Indian Sport// The Field, The Country Gentleman's Newspaper, Christmas 1922, p. 5). After the end of his career Templer lived in Execliff (Exmouth), actively travelled around Europe and also visited South Africa.
The album includes eleven accomplished watercolours made in Ladakh in 1886, during Templer's time in the Indian Army, including a view of “Leh, capital of Ladakh” with the Leh Palace in the centre and the Ladakh mountain range in the background, a panorama of a “Tartar Camp” near Ladakh with tents made of woolen blankets, portraits of a Buddhist Lama with the prayer wheel, Ladakh shepherd “Bipari, trader in sheep's wool,” and of a woman coolie. Five watercolours depict local animals, with expressive notes by Templer: “Ladakh Transport!! Yak, goat & sheep,” “Spiti Pony. Very hard, never shod!! Feet as hard as iron!!,” “Fighting Cock!,” “Watch dog - Guards the sheep, goats &c., protected by iron collars against Leopards, wolves &c.,” “Kyang – wild horse of Ladakh.” Another drawing shows the grave of Templer’s charger Sweetheart somewhere in the Ladakh hills, with a note: “She was with me for 18 years, was my Charger and won me eleven races!! She was perfection in every way!!” There is also a beautiful view of snow covered peaks of the Himalayas taken from the Narkanda mountain station near Simla. The last watercolour dated 1903 depicts a small bridge & stream at Rochefort, France. Overall a beautiful illustrative account on Ladakh.


24. [ASIA - INDIA]
[EDGE, Sir John] (1841-1926)
[Album with over 120 Original Albumen Photographs from the Private Archive of the Chief Justice of the High Court in Allahabad (British India), Showing Hunting Camps in the North-Western Provinces and Kashmir, Agra, Srinagar, Nainital Hill Station, Skardu and Sind Valleys, Shigar and Indus Rivers, Edge’s Family and House in Allahabad, Portraits of the Viceroy of India, Lieutenant Governor of the North Western Provinces and other British India Officials, Members of the 60th Volunteer Rifles in Allahabad, and Others].

Ca. 1888-1894. Oblong Folio (ca. 31,5x39 cm). Thirty beige card stock leaves. Over 120 mounted albumen prints of various size, including over twenty large photos ca. 22x28 cm (8 ¾ x 11 in); the rest are from ca. 15,5x21 cm (6x8 in) to ca. 3x3 cm (1 ¼ x 1 ¼ in). Most photos with black ink captions on the mounts; three views of the Suez Canal by Zangaki Brothers signed and captioned in negative. Period brown half morocco album with cloth boards and gilt tooled borders on the spine; all edges gilt. Binding rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, several images mildly faded, minor water stain on the inner side of the back cover not affecting the images; overall a very good album.
Interesting album from the family archive of Sir John Edge, Chief Justice of the High Court of North Western Provinces of British India in Allahabad (1886-98), the first vice-chancellor of the University of Allahabad (1887-93), a judicial member of the Council of India (1899-1908). “Holding office until 1898, Edge proved to be a capable leader of a court that included several other very talented judges. He also demonstrated considerable administrative skills, such as arranging for the codification of the court's rules and, between 1887-1893, serving as the first vice-chancellor of the University of Allahabad. He also headed the famine relief committee set up in response to the 1896 famine in India” (Wikipedia).
The album gives a picturesque illustration to the life of Edge’s family in Allahabad and Himalayan hill stations, proving the opinion that “when chief justice of Allahabad he [Edge] was notably hospitable. He was proficient with rod, rifle, and gun, and was a keen alpinist” (Oxford DNB). Interesting photos include several group portraits of family and friends in backcountry hunting camps during Christmas seasons of 1888, 1889, 1890, and 1891, showing Edge, his daughters and guests posing with hunted tigers, deer, bears, and leopards (“Dad’s tiger”, “E[thel]. Edge. Shot Feb. 14th/90” – standing next to a dead tiger); mounted on elephants, on a “Lunch in the jungles south west of Saktirgarh”, and others.
There are also interesting original photos of the Public Works office in Simla, Srinagar and the banks of the Jhelum River, Nainital hill station showing the results of the landslip in 1880, Baramulla town with the bridge over the Jhelum River, “The Residency” in Kashmir, “C. Spedding’s Camp” in the Himalayan foothills, Agra Fort, Taj Mahal, Tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah or “Baby Taj” in Agra, portraits of local villagers, boatmen, and others. Sixteen views taken during Edge’s hiking trips in Baltistan (modern-day Pakistan) show Skardu Valley, Shigar and Indus Rivers, Edge’s camps, glaciers, “Pony road on left bank of Indus”, Sind Valley, Zoji La mountain pass, and others.
Several group portraits show the officers of the 60th Regiment of Foot, or the King’s Royal Rifle Corps which Edge was in command of in Allahabad, one photo featuring him in the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. “He was an enthusiastic volunteer in the Inns of Court Rifles during his early days at the bar and later in India, where (as lieutenant-colonel) he commanded a battalion of the Allahabad rifle volunteers and was honorary aide-de-camp to the viceroy” (Oxford DNB). The album also houses a large group portrait of the graduates of the “School of Musketry, Deolali, Second Class, 1894”.
An interesting group portrait of British India officials and upper class residents was taken during the opening ceremony of the Dufferin bridge over the Ganges in Benares in 1888 (modern name: Malviya Bridge, Varanasi), and features: Lord Dufferin (Viceroy of British India in 1884-88), the Maharaja of Benares, Sir Donald Wallace (private secretary to Lord Dufferin in 1886-89), Sir Thomas Baker (military commander in Bengal in 1887-90), Sir Auckland Colvin (Lieutenant Governor of Indian North Western Provinces in 1887-92) with his wife and daughter, Sir John Edge (with his wife and daughter), Duke and Duchess of Montrose, and others. There are also group portraits from the wedding of Sir Auckland Colvin’s daughter in November 1891; a fancy ball on Christmas 1888, and others, many with detailed captions naming the people on photos (i.e. C. Spedding, R. Boothby, Strachey, Mr. Spankie, Miss Spedding, Mr. Malcomson).
The album houses a number of photos of Sir John Edge captioned as “Dad”, his wife Laura (nee Loughborough, 1848-1936) captioned as “Mother”, Edge’s daughters Ethel (1869-1934), Kathleen, and Helga (1885-1976), “Our House. Allahabad, 1889”, family horses and dogs, interiors of Edge’s residence; most likely the album was compiled or annotated by Edge’s son John (1873-96) who graduated from Cambridge and “was preparing for the Diplomatic Service when his health broke down, and the doctors sent him out to India”, where he died at the age of 23. (The Colonies & India, London, 12 September 1896, p. 16). The album opens with a large photo of Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company’s steamer Kaisar-i-Hind (I, 1878-1897), and five large views of the Suez Canal by Zangaki, probably acquired by John Edge on his way to India. Overall a very interesting content rich album showing the life of the upper-class officials in British India.


AWAGIMARU, Hata (1764-1808)
[Extensively Illustrated Manuscript Titled:] Ezo-tö Kikan [Strange Sights on the Island of Ezo (Hokkaido)].

Ca. 1860. Oblong Folio (ca. 26,5x38 cm). 48 leaves. With thirty-seven vivid attractive ink and watercolour illustrations of the Ainu and their way of life and eleven pages of Japanese text in black ink, all on thin Japanese paper. Later beige patterned flexible card boards with brown cloth spine. With a middle fold and some minor edge wear of manuscript but overall the manuscript is in very good condition.
This is a late Edo/ early Meiji period A-version (expanded and updated) copy of Hata Awagimaru's Ezo-tö Kikan [Strange Sights on the Island of Ezo (Hokkaido)], which is the earliest work on the ethnology of the Ainu and was originally written in Kansei 12 [1800]. The manuscript starts with a description of the history of the Japanese feudal expansion into and then colonization of Hokkaido by the Matsumae clan. This clan was granted the settlement of Matsumae at the southern end of the Oshima Peninsula and was also given exclusive trading rights with the Ainu. Additionally the Matsumae clan had the role of Japan's northern border defenders and thus were the first Japanese to make contact with Russian traders in the eighteenth century. One of the first illustrations in this attractively illustrated manuscript is a strong watercolour portrait of the Kunashiri Ainu Chief "Ikorikayani," armed with his bow and sword. Next an Ainu woman is shown with a musical instrument, a jade necklace and a hand tattoo. The following series of captioned watercolours shows details of the hand tattoo, as well as another necklace and a bark skin jacket and includes further descriptions of Ainu dress. Then a seal is shown and the Ainu trade of seal meat for rice, clothes and tobacco is described. Ainu fishing, seal hunting and whaling including the boats and weapons they used as well as the Ainu method of curing seal meat are also illustrated and described. Then a series of illustrations shows Ainu manners, customs and ceremonies with a series of five illustrations of the Ainu Iomante ceremony with detailed descriptions of how a brown bear is ritually killed and sent off to the world of the gods and then how the Ainu villagers divide up and drink and eat the bear's blood and meat, presumably to gain its spirit and powers. Additionally, an Ainu house called a "Chise," with a bamboo grass leaf roof is shown with views of its exterior, interior and surrounding property being illustrated and described. An Ainu bow, arrow and quiver are also illustrated and described. As well as an Ainu musician and his instrument with an additional detailed view of the instrument by itself. Overall this is an extensively beautifully illustrated and historically important manuscript on Ainu ethnology.
Awagimaru's "Ezoto kikan (‘Strange sights from Ezo Island’, 1800) endures as among the best ethnographic renditions of late eighteenth-century Ainu life" (Walker. Mamiya Rinzo and the Japanese exploration of Sakhalin Island: cartography and empire/ Journal of Historical Geography, 33, 2007, p. 289).


[Original Japanese Manuscript Report on the Kagoshima Incident (15-17 August, 1863), Mentioning the Japanese Naval Commander Naohachi Inoue – future noted Admiral Inoue Yoshika, noting the casualties on the ships of the British Squadron (HMS Euryalus, HMS Pearl, HMS Coquette, HMS Argus, HMS Perseus, and HMS Racehorse), and others].

Bunkyu 3 (November, 1863). Original manuscript in Japanese characters, ca. 27,5x16 cm (10 ¾ x 6 ¼ in), twelve pages, black ink on two-ply leaves of rice paper, stitched with a string. With minor creases and a larger worm hole (slightly affecting a couple of characters), but overall a very good manuscript.
An interesting official Japanese report about the events of the Bombardment of Kagoshima (also known as the Anglo-Satsuma War) on 15-17 August, 1863, and compiled for the Tokugawa shogunate government in Edo apparently to receive instructions on what should be done. The title on the first leaf reads “Anglo-Satsuma War report. British notes/written down to Edo”. This and some features of the text (i.e. One of the dates is written as “1863”, not “Bunkyu 3”) opens up the possibility of this text being translated from a period British report. The text briefly informs about the details of the Kagoshima Incident, mentioning Naohachi Inoue (Inoue Yoshika, 1845-1929, future noted Admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy), and lists casualties on board the British naval squadron (HMS Euryalus – 20 injured, including one who died; HMS Pearl – 7 injured, including one who died; HMS Coquette - 6 injured, including one who died; HMS Argus - three injured; HMS Perseus - one injured and one died; HMS Racehorse - 2 people injured).
“The Bombardment of Kagoshima, also known as the Anglo-Satsuma War(薩英戦争Satsu-Ei Sensō), took place on 15–17 August 1863 during the Late Tokugawa shogunate. The Royal Navy was fired on from coastal batteries near the town of Kagoshima and in retaliation bombarded the town. The British were trying to exact a payment from the daimyo of Satsuma following the Namamugi Incident of 1862, in which British nationals were attacked (one killed, two wounded) by Satsuma samurai for not showing the proper respect for a daimyo's regent (Shimazu Hisamitsu). <…> The conflict actually became the starting point of a close relationship between Satsuma and Britain, which became major allies in the ensuing Boshin War. From the start, the Satsuma Province had generally been in favour of the opening and modernization of Japan. Although the Namamugi Incident was unfortunate, it was not characteristic of Satsuma's policy, and was rather abusively branded as an example of anti-foreign sonnō jōi sentiment, as a justification to a strong European show of force” (Wikipedia).


OYAMADA, Tomokiyo (1783-1847)
[Japanese Woodblock Printed Travel Book of a Journey from Edo (Tokyo) to Soma, in the Kanto Region Titled:] Soma Nikki.

Edo: Iseya Tadaemon; Kadomaruya Jinsuke, Bunsei 1 [1818]. Four parts in one volume. Octavo (ca. 22,5x15,5 cm). First Edition. 95 thin two-ply leaves; with six double-page woodblock illustrations. Text and illustrations within single borders (ca. 19x13,5 cm), main text nine vertical lines. Three red ink private library stamps on the first leaf. Original Japanese fukuro toji binding: grey paper cover with a yellow paper title label on the front board (with a Manuscript title); leaves sewn together with a string. Manuscript title additionally on the lower edge and text block. Covers slightly soiled and rubbed, corners slightly bent, occasional worm holes and small tears to leaves and binding, but overall a very good copy.
Interesting account of a journey in the Kanto region, from Edo (Tokyo) to Soma (modern Fukushima prefecture) full of anecdotes about the customs of the areas visited; the illustrations depict sights along the route, including ruins of the Toshima castle (near the Shakujii River), Mount Tsukuba, Kinugawa River, Futoi River, Mitsukaido and Soma towns, several villages (Hanyu, Yokozone, Ichikawa), shrines and temples (Sairin Temole, Sampo temple, and others; special plate shows the interior grounds of the Narita Temple). The last five leaves advertise the other books published by Iseya Tadaemon, as well as a potent sleeping medicine. Overall a fascinating travel in early 19th-century Japan. The ink stamps on the first leaf are of the libraries of a Japanese doctor and poet Ono Shachiku (1872-1913) and philologist, compiler of the English-Japanese dictionaries Saito Hidesaburo (1866-1929).
Oyamada Tomokiyo (1783-1847), a disciple of Murata Harumi (the famous poet and scholar of ancient Japanese literature and culture), was a bibliophile and classical scholar who held a private collection of around 50,000 books. He “used the commercial wealth of his adoptive family and an extensive network of contacts to build up a collection of some 50,000 volumes. <…> he was unusually reflexive about his collection, for he kept a diary recording the growth of his library and the exchanges that facilitated its growth, but he was also hard-headed enough to compile a set of rules for those borrowing from his library” (Kornicki, P. The Book in Japan: A Cultural History from the Beginnings to the Nineteenth Century. Leiden, Boston, Koeln, 1998, p. 389).


[Original Japanese Manuscript Report on the Otsu Incident (11 May 1891), an Assassination Attempt on the Russian Heir to the Throne, Nicholas Alexandrovich (Future Emperor Nicholas II) During his State Visit to Japan, Titled:] Rokoku Kotaishi Denka Goraiyu no Moyo Meiji 24 Nen 4 Gatsu-Gejun [The Visiting Report of His Royal Highness the Prince of Russia, Late April 1891].

Ca. 1891. Original manuscript in Japanese, ca. 13x16 cm (5 x 6 ¼ in), over 170 two-ply leaves of rice paper, stitched with a string; text written in black ink. With three newspaper clippings with the portraits of Nicholas Alexandrovich and the two rickshaw drivers who saved his life, loosely inserted. Period ink stamps on the first leaf, some leaves cut out, occasional text corrections in black ink, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good manuscript.
Historically important Japanese manuscript report giving a detailed account of the Otsu Incident on the 11th of May (29th of April O.S.) 1891, when the Russian heir to the throne Nicholas Alexandrovich (future Russian Emperor Nicholas II, 1868-1918) was hit on his head with a sabre by Japanese policeman Tsuda Sanzo, while visiting Japan during his tour to the East. The Japanese government publicly apologized, and Japanese Emperor visited Nicholas Alexandrovich the next day after the attack. The wound quickly healed, and the Heir continued his tour to Vladivostok; the Russian government expressed its full satisfaction with the actions of the Japanese authorities, but there are some historical speculations, that the Otsu Incident could have influenced Nicholas II’s opinions and decisions before and during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05.
The manuscript consists of two chapters; the first one titled “Kosai jyo Kanji” (“Diplomatic Concern,” 16 leaves) starts with the arrival of the Russian Heir to Nagasaki on the 17th of April 1891 with three Russian ships, and briefly outlines the Otsu Incident. The second chapter is titled “Ro-Kotaishi Denka Gosonan Omimai no Moyo…” [The Report of the Accident involving the Russian Prince on May 11, 1891] and contains over 140 leaves. It includes a detailed description of the incident including the purpose of Nicholas Alexandrovich’s visit, his routes from Nagasaki to Kagoshima and Kobe to Kyoto, the background of the assailant Sanzo Tsuda, the events during the attack, the actions of two rickshaw drivers Jizaburo Mukaihata and Ichitaro Kitagaichi who captured Sanzo Tsuda, Japanese Emperor’s visit of the Heir, the report of the Russian Minister of the Imperial Household, the telegram from the Russian Emperor, the Rescript of the Japanese Emperor, the condition of Nicholas Alexandrovich, the character and conduct of the assailant, visits of the Russian residents in Japan, the closure of stock market, shops, schools etc.; the rumors of the Russian Prince leaving Japan early, the decision to send Japanese ambassadors to Russia, the interrogation of Sanzo Tsuda, the movement of Russian warships, telegrams to the Heir with condolences, et al. The manuscript is supplemented with three period Japanese newspaper clippings showing the portraits of Nicholas Alexandrovich and two rickshaw drivers, loosely inserted. Overall a very interesting content rich original source on this important episode in Russian-Japanese relations.


[Illustrated Hand Coloured Finely Executed Ink and Watercolour Manuscript Map of Perry's First Landing in Japan at Kurihama, Titled in Japanese: “The Reception. July 14th, 1853. We Received a Letter from the Foreigners who Landed at Kurihama”].

1853. Manuscript map on Japanese paper ca. 27,5x40 cm (11 x 15 ½ in). The map is finely drawn in black ink with hills and forests shown in green watercolour and dwellings and troops highlighted in red watercolour. Map with original folds but overall in very good condition.
An important visual record of Perry's first landing in Japan, at Kurihama [present day Yokosuka] on the 14th of July Kaei 6 (1853). This detailed extensively captioned map shows the coastline around Kurihama, Perry's four "Black Ships," Japanese defences of the Oshi-clan and the Aizu-clan including where their boats (50 Aizu & 14 Oshi), cannons and Kawagoe-warriors were positioned, the route Perry and his troops took to the reception after he landed, where Perry presented the letter to the Japanese and details of the reception place with numbers of wool carpets (500) and screens (50) used. A note also states that when Perry's ships were leaving after the reception, an Aizu-clan boat watched them by telescope.
"In 1852, Perry was assigned a mission by American President Millard Fillmore to force the opening of Japanese ports to American trade, through the use of gunboat diplomacy if necessary. The growing commerce between America and China, the presence of American whalers in waters offshore Japan, and the increasing monopolization of potential coaling stations by the British and French in Asia were all contributing factors. The Americans were also driven by concepts of manifest destiny and the desire to impose the benefits of western civilization on what they perceived as backward Asian nations. The Japanese were forewarned by the Dutch of Perry’s voyage, but were unwilling to change their 220-year-old policy of national seclusion.., Perry finally reached Uraga at the entrance to Edo Bay in Japan on July 8, 1853. His actions at this crucial juncture were informed by a careful study of Japan's previous contacts with Western ships and what he knew about the Japanese hierarchical culture. As he arrived, Perry ordered his ships to steam past Japanese lines towards the capital of Edo, and turn their guns towards the town of Uraga. Perry refused Japanese demands to leave, or to proceed to Nagasaki, the only Japanese port open to foreigners.., On July 11, Rōjū Abe Masahiro temporized, deciding that simply accepting a letter from the Americans would not constitute a violation of Japanese sovereignty. The decision was conveyed to Uraga, and Perry was asked to move his fleet slightly southwest to the beach at Kurihama (in modern-day Yokosuka), where he was allowed to land on July 14, 1853. After presenting the letter to attending delegates, Perry departed for Hong Kong, promising to return the following year for the Japanese reply" (Wikipedia).


UTAGAWA, Yoshikazu (active 1850-70)
[Coloured Oban Triptych 'Ukiyo-e' Woodblock Print of Foreigners Being Entertained at Gankiro Brothel in the Miyozaki Pleasure Quarter in Yokohama Titled:] Yokohama Miyozaki Kuruwa Gankiro Ijin Yuko no Zu.

1861. Three part coloured woodblock (each part with printed artist's name stamp), together ca. 37x76,5 cm (15x30 in). This woodblock print is in very good condition.
The print shows Caucasian and Chinese men enjoying food, sake and the company of Japanese geishas in the Gankiro brothel, also known as the house of fans, in the Miyozaki pleasure quarter of Yokohama.
"Miyozaki Yukaku," Miyozaki's red light district opened in November 1859 after a request by the Dutch ambassador to build brothels for the many single foreign men in Yokohama. There were 15 brothels in Miyozaki, and of these, Gankiro was the largest and most famous. Gankiro was divided into two sections, one for foreigners and one for Japanese customers and Japanese customers weren't allowed into the foreigner section and vice-versa. In his 1860 world tour journal, Richard Henry Dana jr., author of "Two Years Before the Mast" gave a contemporary description of Gankiro which to him "looked like a temple, it is so large and handsome, Within are parlors, reception rooms, dining rooms, a dancing hall, a theater etc, etc. The chief rooms were beautifully carved and elaborately painted. The chief artists of Yeddo contributed each a panel, for the walls and ceiling. Lacquered furniture and screens abound, and great neatness everywhere" (Guth, Longfellow's Tattoos p. 17).
This print is one of most famous works of Yoshikazu, who was a student of Kuniyoshi. Kuniyoshi had his own branch of the Utagawa school and was one of the last great masters of the Japanese ukiyo-e style of woodblock prints. Yonemura, Yokohama Prints, p. 148;


SCHABLOWSKY, Richard Eduard von (d. 1918)
[Album with over 150 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Taken During the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05, Showing Harbin, Mukden (Shenyang), and the area around the Yalu River in Manchuria, including Portraits of Russian Officers and Soldiers, Red Cross Associates, Chinese People, and Lively Street Views; With: Over a dozen Family Photos].

Ca. 1904-1905. Oblong Folio (ca. 25,5x33,5 cm). Twenty-seven beige stock card leaves with tissue guards. Over 150 gelatin silver prints (the majority mounted, several loosely inserted) from ca. 4x5,5 cm (1 ½ x 2 ¼ in) to ca. 11x15 cm (4 ½ x 6 in). Over a dozen with later pencil captions in German; presentation inscription in ink from Richard’s brother Rolf Schablowsky to their cousin Frank Thiess, and a label with Chinese text, mounted on verso of the first leaf. Period brown half morocco album with cloth boards, decorative endpapers, all edges coloured. A couple of images mildly faded, covers mildly rubbed on extremities, otherwise a very good album with good strong interesting images.
Interesting eye-witness photographic account of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), compiled by Richard von Schablowsky, a Russian officer of Baltic German origin. Most likely he served in the infantry, and the album contains a number of photos taken on the front near Mukden and the Yalu River: portraits of Russian officers and soldiers (including Schablowsky himself), doctors and nurses of the Red Cross (including exterior and interior of the hospital of the Iverskaya Society of the Red Cross stationed in Harbin, and a group portrait of doctors preparing for a surgery), views of Russian trenches, military tents and carts captioned “An der Front”, a “Yurt of [medical] sisters”, a field kitchen, front line blocked with crossed poles, a line of cannons, “Vtoroy” (“Second”) steamer of the Chinese-Eastern Railway on the Sunggari (Songhua) River, Russian soldiers digging graves, a soldier posing with a regiment banner, and others. A large group of images depict Chinese cities and towns (some are amateur, and some apparently commercially produced). The photos show the railway station in Harbin, lively street and market views with group portraits of Chinese sellers (including a bookseller), musicians, beggars, participants of a street procession, a barber, a shoe mender, a street cook, an ox cart driver; views of shops’ storefronts (i.e. A storefront of a shoe shop with giant boots hanging outside), a scene of public punishment; views of Chinese buildings and temples with details of exterior decoration (arches, towers, sculptures); one photo depicts a part of the Great Wall of China in Manchuria and is annotated by Schablowsky in Russian on verso
The album bears a number of later pencil captions in German made by Richard’s brother Rolf von Schablowsky. According to the presentation inscription on verso of the first leaf, the album was given in 1968 to "our dear friend Frank", most likely Schablowsky’s cousin Frank Thiess (1890-1977), a German writer, known for this 1936 novel “Tsushima” which dealt with the famous naval battle of the Russo-Japanese war. The album is supplemented with over a dozen family photos at rear.
“During the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), Mukden was the site of the Battle of Mukden from February 19 to March 10, 1905. Involving more than 600,000 combat participants, it was the largest battle since the Battle of Leipzig in 1813, and also the largest modern-era battle ever fought in Asia before World War II” (Wikipedia).


[Album of Over 190 Original Albumen Photographs Showing Chantaburi, Saigon, Packnam, Poulo Condor and Ankor Wat Around the Time of the 1893 Franco-Siamese War].

Ca. 1890-95. Quarto album ca. 32x24 cm (12 ½ x 9 ¾ in). 187 photographs ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in), 9 small photographs ca. 8,5x11 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in), mounted on recto and verso of 58 beige album leaves ca. 30,5x24 cm (12 x 9 ¼ in). 6 loose enclosed photographs, including one large photo ca. 21,5x28 cm (8 ½ x 11 in), four medium photos ca. 10,5x16 cm (4 x 6 ¼ in) to 13x18 cm (5x7 in) and one small photo ca. 9x12 cm (3 ½ x 4 ¾ in). Many images captioned in manuscript pencil in French on mounts. Period green pictorial cloth album with mild wear at extremities, some leaves loose, a few mildly faded images but overall a very good album of very interesting strong photographs.
This historically important extensive collection of photographs taken by a French military officer shows the French military campaigns and colonial life during the time of consolidation of French Indochina’s territories in present-day Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia. It includes photographs of colonial and local buildings, local people, troops, prisoners of war and French colonial and military officials. 15 photographs of Saigon show the infantry barracks, the governor general’s palace, and the embarking of troops leaving for Siam. There are 4 photographs of Packnam (Samut Prakan, Thailand), including a meeting between military officers and the French consul (likely Auguste Pavie, leader of the Bangkok Blockade) to sign the 1893 Treaty with Siam that established a French Protectorate in Laos. Also shown is the French Vipère Gunboat near the wharf. Packnam was the location of an important incident that constituted the Franco-Siamese war of 1893: “While sailing off Paknam through Siam's Chao Phraya River, three French ships were fired on by a Siamese fort and force of gunboats. In the ensuing battle, France won and proceeded to blockade Bangkok which ended the war” (Wikipedia).
There are 25 photographs of “Chantaboun” (Chantaburi, occupied by the French for 11 years after 1893 Paknam incident). These show a group of Annamese “tirailleurs” (infantry recruited from Annam, present-day Vietnam), French military officers, the houses of the military captain and doctor, and a portrait of Father Cuaz, leader of the French Catholic Mission. Several of the Chantaburi photographs show Siamese youth, including an image of a Catholic first communion procession, a wedding, and a Siamese “head shaving ceremony.” There are also 11 images of the Poulo Condor island, showing the military post, the wharf, and the “Bagne» (a prison used to intern those opposing colonization). The album also contains portraits of an interpreter with his family, Siamese and an Annamese prisoners, and Chinese merchants. Interestingly, there are three early images of Angkor Wat and one view of Phnom Penh. Also included are 12 images of buildings, views and military camps in France, including Avignon and Vaucluse.


33. [ASIA - TIBET]
[ANDRADE, Antonio de] (1580-1634)
Histoire de ce qui s’est passé au royaume du Tibet. Tirée des lettres escrites en l’année 1626. Adressée au R.P. Mutio Vitelleschi, General de la Compagnie de Iesus. Traduicte d’Italien en François par un Pere de la mesme Companie [Account of the Events in the Kingdom of Tibet, from the letters written in 1626…]

Paris: Sébastien Cramoisy, 1629. First Edition. Small Octavo (17,5x11 cm). [2 – t.p.], [6], 104 pp. With a woodcut vignette on the title page, a woodcut headpiece and several woodcut initials in text. Later full vellum with a later red morocco gilt lettered title label on the spine, all edges gilt. Paper very mildly age toned, otherwise a near fine clean copy.
First French edition of an important letter by Portuguese Jesuit missionary Antonio de Andrade written in Tsaparang, on the 15th of August 1626, during his second journey to Tibet. Andrade was sent as a Portuguese envoy to the Jesuit mission in Goa and then to Agra. “Seeking Christian communities thought to thrive beyond the Himalayas, and also to gather information on Lamaism, he left Delhi in 1624 with Manuel Marques (a Portuguese lay-brother) <…> By negotiating the deep snows of the Mana Pass (= Mana Shankou) (July 1624), Andrade descended into the state of Guge at Tsaparang (… on the River Sutlej in Tibet) where he encountered his first Buddhists. After successfully convincing the local ruler to allow the teaching of Christianity, Andrade returned to Agra. Immediately on reaching Agra, Andrade despatched a letter to his superiors, relating his journey and experiences in Tibet. This was published in Lisbon in 1626 by the press of Matteo Pinheiro under the title “Novo descobrimento do gram Cathayo, ou reinos de Tibet.” Accepting an invitation to return to Tibet, Andrade arrived back in the country in 1625 along with other Jesuits, and consecrated a church at Tsaparang on Easter Sunday 1626. Andrade made a third journey in 1627, but in 1629 was recalled to Goa to fulfil his appointment as superior for the Indies <…> In 1631 the mission of Tibet was abandoned when the lamas revolted at the growing influence of the Jesuits, provoking violent local reactions.” (Howgego, Encyclopedia of Exploration to 1800, A88).
The book was first published in Portuguese by Matteo Pinheiro (1627) and was translated into French (from the Italian edition of 1628) by Jesuit Jean Darde. It describes Andrade’s second voyage and the early days of the mission, talks about the kingdom of Tibet and nearby lands, and the opposition from the Lamas to the construction of the church and the development of the Jesuit mission. “Padre Andrade accepted the King’s offer to construct a Church and a residence for the Padres and work began on Easter day, April 12, 1626. Several houses near the palace were demolished to construct the buildings and a garden. The relationship between the Padres and royal family and the activities that took place in the palace and the Padres’ new residence in 1625 and 1626 are included in Padre Andrade’s long letter written on August 15, 1626 from Tibet. This second letter of Padre Andrade includes much more about Tibetan life, as well as the conflict between the lamas and the secular population friendly to Christianity” (Abdo, Joseph C. [Biography of] Padre Antonio de Andrade// Brunet, I, 265. Cordier, BS, 2901. Sommervogel, I, 331.


CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of Saigon and Environs].

1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; six larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with cloth sides. Watercolours mounted laid paper leaves. Album overall in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.


BORNAS, Aug[ust?]
[Album of Ten Original Pen and Wash Sketches of Military Fortifications, Villages and Mountainous Views of Tonkin (North Vietnam) Taken by a Participant of the French Military Campaign on Pacification of Tonkin (1886-1896)].

Ca. 1891. Oblong Quarto (ca. 21x29 cm). 12 leaves. With ten sketches in pen and wash on beige paper each ca. 13x21 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¼ in) and mounted on album leaves. All but one captioned in ink in the lower margins of the sketches, five signed “Aug. Bournas” in the lower corners (three additionally dated February or December 1891), one signed “Diesenhosen”(?) in the right lower corner Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with maroon cloth boards, Several drawings with very minor corner creases, but overall a very good album of sketches.
Interesting album of original drawings made by a participant of the French Pacification of Tonkin (1886-1896) - one Aug[ust?] Bornas who served in the column of Commandant Fournier (XI Legion) during the 1891 campaign. Tonkin (in the north-east of modern Vietnam) became a part of French Indochina in 1887, but it took French authorities almost ten years to completely subdue the region, especially its northern mountainous areas. These skillful sketches document the steady and painful advance of French troops into the hilly interior of rebellious Tonkin, showing small villages and French posts, barricades destroyed during the advance, mountains and valleys, streams et al. The drawings include:
1. A view of the bridge across the Tra Linh River dated February 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
2. A view of the barricade (made of bamboo) at Lung Giao, destroyed by the column of Commandant Fournier on 27 March 1891.
3. A view of the barricade (made of bricks and bamboo) at Lung Kett, which closes the entrance to Thien Sang (view taken from inside), the barricade was destroyed by the column of Commandant Fournier on 3 April 1891.
4. A view of the Lung-Phai village with three watch towers, dated December 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
5. A view of Dong Khe fort, facing west, with French tricolor waving above. Dated December 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
6. A view of the French post in the town of Ngan Son (Bắc Kạn Province, Northeastern Vietnam), with French tricolor waving above.
7. A view of the market in Tan Bon (on the route from Nam-Nang to Dong Khe, Northeastern Vietnam).
8. Camp in Nai Phung and the Pac Giai valley.
9. A view of the Lung Che circue taken from above, signed “Diesenhosen” (?).
10. Untitled drawing portraying French officers taking rest on a river bank (two are talking, one is cooking on a camp stove), with two Vietnamese boats landed on shore nearby.
“The Pacification of Tonkin (1886-96) was a slow and ultimately successful military and political campaign undertaken by the French Empire in the northern portion of Tonkin (modern-day north Vietnam) to re-establish order in the wake of the Sino-French War (August 1884 – April 1885), to entrench a French protectorate in Tonkin, and to suppress Vietnamese opposition to French rule” (Wikipedia).


SCHNELL, Edward (1834-1890) & TAKEDA, Kango
[A Map of the World in Japanese by Ed. Schnell, Yokohama February 1862 (Bankoku Kokaizu)].

Yokohama, 1862. Original outline hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 88x156 cm (35 x 60 ½ in). Folding map in original beige linen covers with printed pink paper title label on front cover. Some minor worming of blank margins, but overall a very good copy in very original condition.
Rare map with only three copies found in Worldcat. This large format map published by Edward Schnell is the corrected and updated second edition of the map published in 1858 by Kango Takeda, who had translated and redrawn the 1845 world map by John Purdy et al titled: "A New Chart of the World On Mercator's Projection with the Tracks of the Most Celebrated & Recent Navigators." The original 1845 map had been owned and used by Admiral Yevfimy Putyatin on his ship Diana during his diplomatic mission to Japan which resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Shimoda in 1855. However, the Diana sank in the Bay of Miyajima-mura after the powerful Ansei-Tōkai earthquake of 23 December 1854. Nevertheless, Putyatin's world map was saved and came into the hands of Kango Takeda, who translated it and produced a Japanese version of it in 1858. Then in 1862 Edward Schnell updated and corrected Takeda's 1858 map and published the present map. This world map on Mercator's projection, has several text boxes including a distance chart with distances from London shown to various destinations and a chronological list of the most important explorers. The routes of the voyages of major 18th and 19th century explorers such as Captain Cook's et al are also shown on the map.
"The publisher, Edward Schnell, was a Dutch-German arms dealer who lived in Japan in the 1860s. This was a period when Japan was gradually lifting restrictions on foreigners, encouraging trade and opening communication with the west. This map is one of the first Japanese maps to be based on the Mercator projection" ( Edward Schnell "also served the Aizu domain as a military instructor and procurer of weapons" (Wikipedia). Edward Schnell, who in the 1850s had served in the Prussian Army and spoke Malay, traveled to Japan in around 1860 with his brother Henry following the enforced opening of Yokohama to foreign trade. In Japan, Edward took a Japanese wife Kawai Tsugonusuke, with whom he had a son.


37. [ASIA]
BLAEU, Willem Janszoon (1571-1638)
[Map of Asia, Titled:] Asia Noviter Delineata.

Amsterdam, ca. 1635. Original hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 41x55,5 cm (16x22 in) with nine city plans and ten sets of figures in indigenous costumes in the decorative border. Latin text on verso. Map with original centrefold, light damp stain of upper blank margin, some minor creasing at centrefold, but overall a very good attractively hand coloured strong impression of this map.
Willem Blaeu was "appointed chart maker to the East India Company (VOC) in 1633" (Tooley Mapmakers A-D, p. 143); "This beautiful map first appeared in 1617 as an independent publication, and was subsequently included in various editions of Blaeu atlases until 1658" (Yeo, Mapping of Asia 24); "This is one of the most famous 17th century maps of the continent of Asia. It is surrounded in a beautiful carte-a-figures border and is richly ornamented with animals, sea monsters and sailing ships. The eastern coastline of Asia is severely truncated, Korea is shown as an island, and Japan is depicted on the Ortelius-Teixeira model. The Indian subcontinent is too narrow and the islands of Indonesia are very sketchy. A large island labeled Ceiram probably represents the western part of New Guinea. In the interior, the Caspian Sea is oriented on an east-west axis and there are several large erroneous lakes in China including the mythical Chiamay Lacus. The frieze across the top features vignettes of the cities of Candy, Calecut, Goa, Damascus, Jerusalem, Hormuz, Banten, Aden and Macao. The inclusion of Banten reflects the emergence of the Dutch as a major commercial power in the East Indies. The side panels flanking the map depict costumed figures of the various Asian peoples" (Old World Auctions); Van der Krogt (Vol. II), 8000:2; Walter, 25.


38. [ASIA]
PINTO, Fernão Mendes (ca.1509-1583)
The Voyages and Adventures of Ferdinand Mendez Pinto... During his Travels for the Space of one and Twenty Years in the Kingdoms of Ethiopia, China, Tartaria, Cauchin-china, Calaminham, Siam, Pegu, Japan, and a Great Part of the East-Indies..,

London: J. Macock, for Henry Herringhman, 1663. Second English Edition. Small Folio (ca. 30x20 cm). [xiv], 326 pp. Period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf with brown gilt tooled title label. Recased and with some restoration of lower corner of front cover, title with small piece of blank upper margin of title page repaired, rear paste-down and final blank with some minor worming, but overall a very good copy in original condition.
Pinto a Portuguese explorer whose "exploits are known through the posthumous publication of his memoir Pilgrimage (Portuguese: Peregrinação) in 1614. In the course of his travels in the Middle and Far East, Pinto visited Ethiopia, the Arabian Sea, China (where he claimed to have been a forced laborer on the Great Wall), India and Japan. He claimed to have been among the first group of Europeans to visit Japan and initiate the Nanban trade period. He also claimed to have introduced the gun there in 1543. It is known that he funded the first Christian church in Japan, after befriending a Catholic missionary and founding member of the Society of Jesus later known as St Francis Xavier" (Wikipedia). Upon returning to Portugal, Pinto wrote "his famous Peregrinacao, now regarded as one of the finest travel books of all time" (Howgego P99). "It is, moreover, a classic record of the experiences and observations of one of the earliest Europeans to penetrate into the interior of oriental countries, which, in that era, were practically unknown. He was the first European to enter Japan (in 1542), seven years before Saint Francis Xavier, the Apostle of the Indies" (Cox I, p. 324). "No work about Asia had greater impact on 17th century European literature than Pinto's account of his adventures in the East" (cf. Löwendahl 71, Second Spanish Edition); "This work first published in Lisbon in 1614, recounts the journey of Fernando Mendes Pinto, the Portuguese adventurer, trader, envoy, pirate, missionary and mercenary, who set out in 1537 in a fleet commanded by Vasco da Gama's son, to seek his fortune. His twenty-one year odyssey carried him through many adventures: he was thirteen times a captive and sold into slavery seventeen times; he survived shipwrecks, and travelled, fought and traded in China, Tibet, Tartary, Pegu, India, Thailand, Ethiopia, Ormuz and points in between. He reached Japan in 1542 and claims to have been in the first party of Europeans to land there. This is probably the first book in European literature to tell of pirate battles on the seas of the Orient, to describe the wild beasts of the equatorial forests of Asia and to portray the Dalai Lama" (Sothebys); Cordier Japonica 40; Cordier Indosinica 113; Cordier Sinica 2069; Lust 346 (English first edition); Wing M1706.


[Album of Forty-four Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Bermuda most Likely Compiled by a Early New York Tourist].

Ca. 1895. Oblong Folio (26x34 cm). 12 light grey thick album leaves. With 44 original mounted gelatin silver photographs each ca. 8,5x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in). Images mounted on recto of album leaves. Original brown pebbled cloth album, Covers mildly discoloured, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This historically interesting album of Bermuda which documents the beginnings of its modern tourist industry was most likely compiled by a New York tourist on vacation and starts with photographs of a passenger ship, most likely one of the fleet under the agency of A.E. Outerbridge & Co.; The port side offices of A.E. Outerbridge & Co.; Various other ships and sail boats; Coastal views of Hamilton; Rural street scenes with local inhabitants; The main dock in Hamilton with passengers and the Atlantic Hotel in the background; Front Street, Hamilton; The Princess Hotel, Hamilton; Beach scenes; Rural estates and plantations; Locals in horse drawn carts; Hamilton port scenes. Bermuda was a destination for New Yorkers in the winter and A.E. Outerbridge & Co. (from 1893 onwards) offered regular "60 hour voyages" from New York to Bermuda (most agreeable climate in the world) with first class hotels, like "The Princess," and excellent leisure activities like yachting, fishing, diving, riding and cycling being available. "In the early 20th century, as modern transport and communication systems developed, Bermuda became a popular destination for American, Canadian and British tourists arriving by sea" (Wikipedia).


HERNDON, William Lewis (1813-1857)
[Autograph Manuscript Letter Book of U.S. Naval Lieutenant William Lewis Herndon, Containing Copies of Thirty-Two Documents Written on Board USS Iris during the Mexican-American War, and a Copy of a Letter to Lardner Gibbon during the US Expedition to the Valley of the Amazon].

[U.S.S. Iris at various locations (Vera Cruz, Pensacola, Laguna); and Tarma (Peru), 1847-1851]. [44] pp. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). Black ink on lined paper; text clean and legible. Original note book with marbled boards; period bookplate on the front pastedown. Housed in a custom made cloth clamshell box with an olive gilt title label on the spine. Rabacked in style in quarter brown sheep, corners with some mild wear, but overall a very good letter book.
Original letter book of noted American naval officer, Amazon explorer and naval hero William Lewis Herndon; it contains the original draft of Herndon’s instructions to the expedition member Lt. Lardner Gibbon regarding his further exploration of the Amazon following their separation at Tarma, Peru on July 1, 1851. The text of the manuscript differs slightly from the one published in volume I of Herndon and Gibbon's “Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon” (Washington, 1854, pp. 33-34), and has some manuscript corrections, which makes it an important historical source.
Herndon assigned Gibbon a different route of discovery so that "while I gave my own personal attention to the countries drained by the upper Marañon, Mr. Gibbon might explore some, and gather all the information he could respecting others, of the Bolivian tributaries of the Amazon." This letter provides Gibbon with guidance as to the route he is to follow and the importance of minimizing risk to himself to ensure that the results of their exploration might be preserved. “Lt. Herndon pushed into the upper Amazon. Lt. Gibbon traveled south through Bolivia and then into the selvas of Brazil. The two groups met in Serpa, Brazil, and then continued down the Amazon River to Para” (Hill 803).
The letter book also contains thirty two letters and documents written on board USS Iris which was under Herndon’s command during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The correspondence is primarily on various day to day issues including the engineering problems and administrative issues. However, also included is a five-page letter dated aboard the Iris at Laguna in March of 1848 to an unidentified recipient, but probably Matthew C. Perry, Commanding the Home Squadron off Mexico during the Mexican-American War. The letter reports the results of Herndon's meetings at Sisal with Military Commandant Don Alonzo Azuar regarding Indian involvement in the conflict, and with the senior Spanish Naval Officer present, Don Francisco Garcia di Salas, commander of the brig Nervian, regarding the landing of guns and munitions.
In 1857, as a captain of the ill-fated U.S. Mail Steamer Central America, Herndon showed the utmost heroism while saving lives of the passengers during the hurricane of Cape Hatteras, having evacuated all women and children. 426 passengers and crew, including Herndon perished with the ship, thus making the wreckage the largest loss of life in a commercial ship disaster in United States history. Herndon's heroism prompted the construction of the Herndon Monument at the U. S. Naval Academy in 1860. Overall this Letter book represents an important source on the history of the US expedition to the Amazon (1851-1852) and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).


[BAEGERT], [Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California..,]

Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (with corrections). Small Octavo (17,5x10,5 cm). [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives" (Hill 46); Barrett 129;"According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.


[Interesting Autograph Letter Signed by an Entrepreneur in the Recently Established New Town of San Diego, Describing the Early Days of What Will Become Downtown San Diego].

San Diego, 2 April, 1851. Large Octavo bifolium (ca. 25x19,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on bluish watermarked laid paper, addressed on verso of the second leaf. With a small note (ca. 12,5x19,5 cm) by Williams attached to the second leaf. Fold marks, paper slightly age toned, a small hole on the second leaf after opening not affecting the text, otherwise a very good letter.
Very early interesting letter by a pioneer settler of the New Town of San Diego, modern-day Down-Town San Diego. Established in 1849 on the shore of the San Diego Bay, the New Town was an attempt to replace the Old Town of San Diego, which was located near the Presidio Fort, too far from navigable water. Due to the lack of fresh water, financial difficulties, and opposition from the established settlements in Old Town and La Playa, the development of the New Town came to a stop in 1853 and didn’t restart until 1869. Williams’ letter contains interesting notes about his coal trade with steamers, an apparently unsuccessful enterprise on the construction of an artesian well in the town, social interactions with the Spanish inhabitants of the Old Town, and the discovery of gold deposits south of San Diego. It was difficult to predict that the sleepy village on the San Diego Bay will eventually turn into the eighth largest city in the United States.
“I am still here on the beach, living a very quiet life, there being little or no business doing, nobody seems to have any money and goods of all kinds are low, the only excitement being when a St[eame]r. arrives. Last week I was fortunate enough to catch a steamer short of coal & sold them 30 tons at $50.00 per ton – it is worth about $9.00 in San Francisco. The Artesian Well is down to the depth of 250 ft & no water yet. I am afraid it will prove a failure. It is a very expensive work, & even if water is obtained at 300 ft., will cost about $5000. If they ever get water, I hope to have the agency of the well. In regard to my prospects, I cannot say I am making much of anything at present, but I make a good, honest & respectable living – conduct myself I hope as I should do & am happier than I have been in California. I shall stop here certainly this summer, & I think in the fall, unless something profitable happens, will come home. I am very homesick & want to see you all very much.
I keep a horse & wagon & 3 or 4 times a week ride up to town, about 5 miles distant where Mr. Johnson resides & see the ladies. There is some excellent society here, but they are all Spanish, & as I don’t get a great deal of practice, I get along very slowly. You ask if I would like some papers. I always receive the latest N.Y. Herald per Str. – but would like occasionally, to have you send the latest Weekly Boston Journal for Cala. As I get them but seldom. About 60 miles to the southward of San Diego they have discovered some gold mines – I don’t know how rich they will turn out, but if they amount to much, will increase the trade here very much”.
As a comparison, here is a description of New San Diego as seen by John R. Bartlett, the US Boundary Commissioner for the US-Mexican Border in 1850-1853: “Three miles south of San Diego is another town near the shore of the bay, which was surveyed and plotted by Mr. Gray, U. S. Surveyor to the boundary commission, while on duty here... A large and fine wharf was built here at great expense; but there is no business to bring vessels here, except an occasional one with government stores. There is no water nearer than the San Diego River, three miles distant. Efforts indeed are being made to find it with an Artesian well; but with what success remains to be seen. There is no timber near, and wood has to be brought some eight or ten miles. Without wood, water, or arable land, this place can never rise to importance.” (Bartlett, J.R. Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua… Vol. II. New York, 1854, p. 97).


SYLE, Edward W. (1817-1890)
[Autograph Letter Signed from a Prominent American Missionary in China, Describing His Life and Work During his Service as a Missionary in San Francisco during the California Gold Rush].

“Oakland, near San Francisco," 13 March 1855. Large Octavo (ca. 25x20 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Fold marks, paper slightly age toned, with a few minor tears on extremities, otherwise a very good letter.
Interesting letter with some vivid notes on San Francisco during the California Gold Rush, written by Edward Syle, a noted missionary of the Episcopal Church of the United States in China in 1845-61. In 1853-55 he worked as a missionary among the Chinese immigrants to San Francisco, and resided in Oakland where he founded the parish of Saint John.
In the letter addressed to his aunt Syle, he mentions S.S. “George Law” which took him and his family from Shanghai to California in the early 1854 (later the fabled “Gold treasure” ship that sank in an 1857 hurricane off the coast of North Carolina). The California weather was “very pleasant” and healthy for the children, but his missionary work in white San Francisco was “trying” and “perplexing” - nothing like his rewarding labors among the “heathen” of China. “Among the heathen, one feels like the woodsman, who goes out in the uncleared forest, & cuts down or girdles the trees so that there may be a little space in the sun to shine upon; there he plants his seed, & it grows luxuriantly. But here <…> it is like a transplantation of the Upas tree into fields all overgrown with such thorns & weeds & brambles as our Lord employed to represent the “pleasures of this world, & the deceitfulness of riches & the cares of other things.” If ever there was a community marked by these characteristics, it is California, & especially San Francisco. There we find an almost frenzied engrossment in business, alternating with parties and pleasures where lavish expenditure and even mad hilarity keep up the excitement, Sunday Theatres, gambling in name at the Saloons and in fact (under the name of 'Speculation') on Exchange, drinking and all the evils that follow in its train - and, just now, ruin among the Bankers” (referring to the “Black Friday” failure, three weeks before, of the city’s banks).
Syle’s family settled in Oakland, “peaceful & retired, where the children can play out of doors, & ladies can take a pleasant walk to visit a neighbor, where the characteristics of village-life are enjoyed in some degree & one is allowed to say his prayers in peace, & read his Bible without fear of constant interruption”. Once a week, Syle crossed the Bay in a Ferry Boat to teach an evening class to the Chinese, but “my Sundays are passed here in Oakland”, in a “little parish” he had just organized, which “bids fair to be a prosperous one…” At the start, the Oakland Parish of St. John’s Episcopal Church, had only 7 female (one being Mrs. Syle) and 3 male Communicants; his first baptism was of his own son. Syle returned to China the following year, spending most of the remainder of his life as a missionary there and in Meiji Japan.
Edward W. Syle was the missionary of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America; he served in China in 1845-1861. He was “an alumnus of the Theological Seminary of Virginia, was appointed with several others at the meeting of the Foreign Committee in November 1844. Mr. Syle and his wife <…> arrived at Hong Kong on the 4th of October [1845], in time to join in the establishment of the mission station at Shanghai. He visited this country [the United States] in 1853 because of impaired health, and presented the claims of the China mission with great earnestness and much success. For a time he was engaged by the Domestic Committee in work among the Chinese in California. He returned to China in April, 1856, and resumed charge of Christ Church in the native city. Among his plans for benefitting the people to whom he was ministering, Mr. Syle established an industrial school for blind communicants and such other blind persons as shoes to attend. This charity was received with much favour in Shanghai. Since his resignation, Dr. Syle has been employed in China and Japan holding chaplaincies for seamen and for foreign residents. He never, however, lost his interest in the Chinese missionary work. For about six years he has been living in or near London, during which time he has been employed with much frequency in representing the Church Missionary Society throughout that country” (The Spirit of Missions, Vol. LV. December 1890, # 12, p. 476).


[Album with Over 330 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs and Real Photo Postcards from the Archive of the American Members of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church in Puerto Rico, Showing Church Buildings and Members, Views of Guanica, Aibonito, San Juan, Guajataca Tunnel, and Others].

Ca. 1920s. Oblong Folio (ca. 26x34 cm). Forty-four black card stock leaves. Over 310 mounted gelatin silver prints of various size, from ca. 6x3,5 cm (2 ¼ x 1 ¼ in) to ca. 12x17,5 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in), the majority are snapshots ca. 5,5x8 cm (2 x 3 ¼ in) or ca. 6x10,5 cm (2 ½ x 4 in); with about eighteen real photo postcards, several captioned in negatives. More than half of the images with white pencil captions on the mounts. Original brown soft patterned leather album fastened with a string. Two leaves detached from the stub and loosely inserted, several images removed from the album, but overall a very good album.
Interesting album of private photographs taken by members of the Butler family, who were part of the Seventh-Day Adventist church in the 1920s Puerto Rico. Interesting images include: views of Guanica (Guanica Bay, city panorama from the bay, the Plaza, buildings of the sugar mill, Union church in the Ensenada district, “Club Hospital”, “where we eat,” Garfield School), Guajataca Tunnel, harvest gathering in Sabana Grande (1921), Seventh-Day Adventist chapel in Aibonito (captioned “burned Sept. 3, 1923”), San Juan (port, city view taken from water), “road scene,” local villages, “near Salinas”, La Ventana, “north shore,” and others. Numerous images portray the American residents and members of the SDA church in Guanica and Puerto Rico (most with the names captioned): Clinton Achenbach (1875-1936, a president of the Puerto Rico Mission in the 1920s), “eld. Steel” (probably, William Steele, 1874-1951, superintendent of Puerto Rican Mission in 1909-1920), Punscombe, Bange, “Prof. Wolcott & Montanye families, Aibonito, P.R.,” Chief Blaker, eld. F.E. Wilson, Butler, Dr. Winne, Samuels, Conrad, Mrs. Kennedy, Steele, Bayton, Kneble, Wiles, Murphy, Baeze, Leah Andy, Buckminster, Cris Stevens, Foster Babcock, Doug Prenier, group portrait at the “Rich’s wedding,” Reed, Thomson, Magourski, Baeya, Richardson, group portrait of “hikers,” “American children,” Drier, Saunders, Bechman, Fatham, Bolter, Emma Thomson, Lillie Moutlon, Vallejo, Rafael Brasero, Jaum Cortez, Saluidor Rivera, swimmers in on the beach and in water, group portrait of “Senior Class, Guanica High School, Miss Garnet Grove teacher,” and many others. There are also many portraits of Puerto Rican members of the SDA church: children in the yard of the Hacienda Santa Rita, Rosa Cruz, Samuel Sanchez, Esther Pagan, Juanito Nigron, Partia Cruz, Maria Cruz, Ismael Nazario, Gloria Cruz, Romanita Seda, Fermina, Martin, a small skinny patient at “Monserrate clinic,” Rosa Adela Gruz, Carmen Planas, Andrea & Rafaela, “one of Padillas families,” and others.
The real photo postcards show Guajataca Place and tunnel, flower bed in the Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, welcoming the members of the 42nd SDA General Conference (1930), “American Hospital, Ensenada,” “Cane Steamer, Guanica Central, Ensenada,” portraits of local children et al. There are also views of the Morro Castle (Havana), Nantasket Beach (Hull, Mass.), the Bunker Hill Monument (Charleston, Mass.); eight portraits of soldiers at Camp Devens (Mass.), Niagara Falls, Toronto University, numerous portraits of the family members “Butlers Present and Past” and friends, and others.
Overall a very interesting album with some unusual and historically important views of Puerto Rico.


MONK, Charles James (1824-1900)
[Collection of Five Autograph Letters Signed From Charles Monk to his Mother and Sister, Written during his Travels up and down the Nile, With Interesting Notes on the Temples and Sites Visited, Latest Events in Egypt, His Dragoman and the Boat Crew, Hunting Trips, Other European and American Travellers on the Nile et al.].

Kenneh, Thebes, Cairo, on board French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 1848-1849. Five Autograph Letters Signed, all Quarto (from ca. 26,5x21,5 cm to ca. 24,5x20 cm). Brown ink on white or blueish paper. In total 19 pp. of text. Each letter addressed and with postal and quarantine stamps on the 4th page, four letters numbered from 50 to 53 in the upper left corners of the first leaves. Fold marks, paper mildly age toned, four letters with minor holes on the margins of the second leaves after opening, affecting several letters or words, one letter with minor tears on fold, affecting several letters, but overall a very good collection.
Important collection of original letters written by British politician Charles James Monk during his travel to Asia Minor and Egypt in 1848-1849 shortly after his graduation from Cambridge. The letters describe Monk’s travels along the Nile and give a valuable private commentary to his printed account “The Golden Horn and Sketches is Asia Minor, Egypt, Syria, and the Hauraan” (London, 1851, 2 vols.). Monk arrived in Alexandria in the beginning of October 1848 and proceeded to Cairo from where he sailed up the Nile turning back at the second cataract near Wadi Halfa in the end of November. Two letters were written during the trip in Upper Egypt – in Thebes and Kenneh. Monk talks about sites visited, his Dragoman and the crew of his boat, travel companion and other European and American travel groups in Egypt, excessive heat and flies, his numerous hunting trips when he shot among others several plovers, pigeons, a “splendid solan goose,” and a crocodile; cheap prices for local eggs and bread; mentions the death of the Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt (1789-1848); the election of Louis Napoleon the President of the French Republic and shares his plans for the further travel to Sinai, Palestine and Syria. The last letter written at the end of the travel contains a critique on Alphonse de Lamartine’s book “Voyage en Orient” (1835). Later in life Monk became a director of the Suez Canal Company (1884).
Some excerpts from the letters:
1) The Thebaid, Upper Egypt, Kenneh 9 November 1848.
“The waters are now rapidly subsiding, but the breadth of this extraordinary river & the body of water which is spread upon the lands for miles on either side is quite wonderful, when we consider that it is unassisted by any tributary streams. The flies are so annoying that I scarcely have patience to endure them <…> We have fortunately left mosquitoes behind us a little above Cairo <…> our Reis & crew continue to give us satisfaction, but they always have that […?] word “Baksheesh” <…> in their mouths. I have been perfectly well ever since I have been in the Nile, as also has my companion Mr. May. This is the most delightful mode of travelling you can imagine. I am afraid I begin to take a selfish pleasure in it <…> Note that the Nile is falling, the peasants are busy at work with the shadoof raising water for the irrigation of their lands…”
2) Thebes. Upper Egypt. 17 December 1848 & Kenneh 21 December 1848.
“After leaving Kenneh we reached Thebes in two days, spent Sunday on the Western bank, where are the temples of El Koorhen, the Memnonium containing the fallen granite statue of Remeses the Great (1350 B.C.), the largest statue in the world, & that of Medeenet Aboo, & the two Colossal statues in the Plain, one of which is called the vocal Memnon from the circumstance of a sound having come from its mouth every morning at sunrise. From Thebes to Esouan, the first cataract we were about a week. The falls here are not more than 6 or 7 feet & we passed with the united efforts of about 200 men, who hauled the boat up with an enormous rope; & the same afternoon we came to the small island of Philae, on which are two temples of singular interest. <…> Our furthest point was Wadi Halfeh, the second grand cataract beyond which no boat can pass, lying between 21° & 22° N. Latitude. <…> The Governor at Wady Halfeh was a kind & agreeable Turk & came on board & dined with us & paid us several visits. He would have assisted us in going up to Dongola, but of course that was not on the question, & in fact I did not feel any desire so to do in camels by the river’s bank. <…> The death of Ibrahim Pasha, which you […?] from my last letter was daily expected, has fortunately not caused the slightest disturbance in Upper Egypt <…> Our Dragoman we were obliged to put on shore at Edfoo above Thebes, for he proved to be a perfect scoundrel.”
3) Hotel d’Orient, Cairo. 5 January 1849.
“We have enjoyed our Nile tour excessively & since leaving Kenneh we have seen some monuments of extreme interest including the grottoes of Beni Hassan, which illustrate the manners & avocations of ancient Egyptians even better than the royal tombs of Thebes. The Pyramids we have visited & examined throughout their details with great care, & we have certainly returned from our tour impressed with a high idea of the wonderful excellence which the Egyptians had attained in the arts & sciences in the early ages of the world. <…> At Beni Hassan I shot another crocodile. It is the most Northerly point at which they are ever found, & not very often there. Mt. May likewise killed a very small one in Nubia measuring 4 ft 3 inch.”
4) Oriental Hotel, Cairo. 18 January 1849.
“I little expected to see in Africa the prettiest gardens that I have ever met with; yet such if the case. The gardens of Mohammad Ali at Shubra are perfectly beautiful. They are filled with orange trees. <…> Ibrahim Pasha’s gardens in the Island of Rhoda are very pretty, but they were unfortunately 4 feet underwater last August owing to the excessive rise of the Nile. The Cairine bazaars, Mosques, Baths, & all other public buildings are so far inferior & even mean in comparison with those at Stamboul, that it would not be worth while giving any detailed account of them…”
5) On board the French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 100 leagues off Malta. 24 April 1849.
“I now feel my painful duty - don’t be alarmed – to denounce M. De la Martin as a gross impostor & unworthy of credit. His book is [full?] of misrepresentations from beginning to end & was the cause of much disappointment to me especially in respect to Beirut. Like many towns on the coast Beirut is very pretty from the Sea, but its environs can lay no claim to the extraordinary beauty with which La Martin has clothed them. The Lebanon both alone & below Beirut has much lovely scenery & I spent two or three most delightful days among the mountains, for we made up a very pleasant party (5 of us) & visited <…> Deir el Kammor [Deir al-Qamar], the Capital of the Druzes, where the banished Emir Beschir [Bashir Shihab II] used to live.”


[Album with Thirty Original Watercolours Showing English Costumes of the Regency Era].

Ca. 1820. Large Quarto (ca. 30x25,5 cm). Twenty-eight card stock leaves. With thirty mounted watercolours, five large images ca. 20,5x14,5 cm (8 x 5 ¾ in) or slightly smaller, the rest are from ca. 14x12,5 cm (5 ½ x 4 ¾ in) to ca. 8x7,5 cm (3 ¼ x 3 in). Two watercolours with period ink notes on the lower margins. One portrait is in four copies, one - in three, and five are in two copies. Period black full sheep album with gilt stamped decorative border on the boards and the spine, moiré endpapers, all edges gilt. Album mildly rubbed on extremities but the watercolours are bright and sound. Overall a very good album.
Attractive album with costumes of English villagers of the Regency era showing a boy with a hayfork reading a letter, a girl with a rake, a woman wearing a bonnet, a boy in a turban, a child with a cat, a knight in armour, figures of children with baskets or twigs, a portrait of a female school master (copied from a French engraving) and others.


47. [GREECE]
[Album with 107 Original Gelatin Silver Snapshot Photographs of the Mediterranean, Mostly Greece, Including over Seventy Views of the Main Sites of Athens and Environs, as well as of Corfu, Patras, Cape Maleas, Cape Matapan, areas near Kalamata and Navarino, Lipari Islands, “near Palermo”, “Spanish coast”, Gibraltar, and others].

Ca. 1910s. Oblong Quarto (ca. 18x29 cm). Twenty seven grey card stock leaves. 107 inserted gelatin silver prints, ca. 7x12,5 cm (2 ¾ x 5 in), all but one image with captions manuscript captions on the small paper labels attached to the mounts. Photos inserted in album leaf windows, four to a leaf. Original black full cloth “Gilson adjustable album” (paper label on the inner side of the back cover), fastened with a string. A few images with mild silvering or mildly faded, but overall a very good album.
Album with interesting original photos of Greece, mostly Athens and Peloponnese, taken during WW1 by an American sailor. The images illustrate his voyage from Saranda (Albania) to Athens via Corfu and Patras, and then around the Peloponnese peninsula, with the return voyage to New York via Sicily and Gibraltar. Most photos in the album (over seventy) show Athens and environs: Acropolis (general views from different points, the Propylaea, Temple of Athena Nike, Parthenon, Hekatompedon, Erechtheion, Cave of Pan, Asclepeion), Mount Lycabettus, Theatre of Dionysus, the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates, Areopagus, Cave of the Furies, Pnyx Hill, Philopappos Hill and Monument, prison of Socrates, Theseion, the Stoa of Attalus, Roman Market, Dipylon Gate, Salamis Island, Arch of Hadrian, Olympiaeum, the Ilisos River, Panathenaic Stadium, Metropolitan Cathedral of Athens, Agios Eleftherios (or Little Metropolitan) church, the Chapel of St. George (Lykavittos Hill), several street views with shoe shops, herds of goats and local people, port of Phalerum, Munichia hill fishermen’s boats at Piraeus, and others.
Other views of Greece show the town of Corfu, Patras, and several places on the Peloponnese peninsula: “near Agios Vasileios,” Cape Maleas, Cape Matapan, “near Kalamata”, and “near Navarino” (Pylos). About twenty photos at rear were taken in the other parts the Mediterranean and on a way back home to New York: La Justice (French battleship Justice, 1904-1922, of the Mediterranean fleet), Lipari Islands (north of Sicily), Vocarno, “near Palermo”, “Spanish coast”, Gibraltar, British torpedo boat at Gibraltar, “on ocean”, “Pilot boat in New York Harbour”, and a pier in Brooklyn. A nice collection of views of the main sites of Athens and views of the Peloponnese and the Mediterranean.


48. [HAWAII]
STOCKWELL, Raymond A. (1904-1942)
[Album of Forty-five Original Large Gelatin Silver Aerial Photographs of Hawaii Taken by American Air Force Planes].

Ca. 1925. Oblong Folio (25,5x33,5 cm). 21 grey album leaves. With 45 mounted original glossy large gelatin silver photographs ca. 17,5x23 cm (7x9 in), including two slightly smaller and one slightly large. Most photographs captioned in negative on photographs. Period maroon faux snake skin album with gilt title "Photographs" embossed on front cover. Extremities with some wear, a couple of album leaves with edge wear, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
The interesting large aerial photographs in this album include: Aloha Tower, Honolulu; Downtown (harbor & business section) Honolulu (3); The Malolo entering Honolulu harbor; Honolulu harbor; Luke Field, Oahu (2); Sunset on the Waianaes; Schooner Vigigante off Oahu; Lava Lake in fire pit Kilauea volcano; Kilauea crater and fire pit; Haleakala crater, Maui; Cones in Haleakala crater; Mokuaweoweo crater; North coast of Hawaii; Royal Hawaiian Hotel, Waikiki (2); Kawaiaho Church, Honolulu; Capital Building, Former Iolani Palace Honolulu; Rodgers Airport; Mormon Temple; Captain Cooks Monuments Kealakekua Bay; Rainbow Falls; City of Refuge near Honolulu; Rice harvesting; War Memorial Natatorium; Waimea Canyon, Kauai; Nuuanu Pali Road, including other photos of group of natives with bows; U.S.A.T. Thomas in Verdi Island Passage; U.S.A.T. Somme; U.S.A.T. Chateau Thierry in Gatun Lake, C.Z. (2); U.S.A.T. Grant (2); Airborne aircraft (8), etc.
This photo album is from the estate of Raymond A. Stockwell who served in the Army Air Corps in the 86th Observation Squadron. Stockwell attained the rank of 1st Lt. But was killed along with two fellow crewmen in a crash of a twin-engine Beechcraft F-2 Plane after it crashed head-on into Pilot Rock near Ashland, Oregon killing all aboard on January 6th, 1942.


BRAIVE, Georges (1884-1963)
[Very Extensive Collection of over 1000 Original Photographs of the Military Operations, Fortifications, Landscapes, Settlements and Civilians of the Areas Covered in WW1 by the Macedonian Front taken by French Architect Georges Braive during his Service as a Lieutenant Commandant of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” of the Armée d'Orient].

Ca. early 1917 – November 1918. Over 430 loose gelatin silver prints ca. 13x18 cm (5x7 in), including over one hundred with ink stamps “Section Photographique de l’Armée” on verso, vast majority with period pencil captions by Braive on verso. With four photo albums, each Oblong Octavo (ca. 18,5x20 cm (7 ¼ x 7 ¾ in) or slightly smaller), with ca. 600 smaller photos, each ca. 4x6,5 cm (1 ½ x 2 ½ in), the majority are numbered in pencil, a large number are also captioned in pencil or ink on the mounts. Albums are green or maroon cloth, slightly rubbed on extremities, one album with the spine detached. A few images slightly faded, several with corner creases, but overall a very good collection in very good condition.
Very extensive historically important archive of over a thousand original photos (about half with captions on versos) giving an excellent visual account on the Macedonian front during the last phase of WW1. The photos were taken by Georges Braive, a Lieutenant Commandant of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” of the Armée d'Orient, and later an “architecte diplômé par le gouvernement (DPLG). The images show vast territories and numerous settlements on the border between modern Albania, Macedonia, and Greece, as well as Thessaloniki, Athens and several other locations. The locations in modern Greece include: Salonique (Thessaloniki, dated 1917), Florina (7/17), Kastoria (1917, 09/18), Rakovo (Kratero, Florina Region, 4/18), Smrdes (Krystallopigi, West Macedonia in Greece, 8-11/17, 2/18), Vodena (Edessa, 6/17, 4/18), Vambeli (Moschochori), Mount Kajmakchalan (9/18), Ostrovo (Arnissa, 6/17, 4/18), Negokani (Niki, 4/17), Sorovicevo (near Florina, 6/17), Pisoderi (3/17, 7/17), Route de Pisoderi (7/17), Vasilika (1917), Verria (Veria, 1917), Klestina (6/18), Thasos Island, Delphi, Corfu (all dated 1917). Locations in modern Macedonia: Monastir (Bitola, 1917, 6-7/18), Grod (6/17), Sveta Petka (6/18), Mont Seganska (6/18), Zivonja (4/17), Slivica (4-7/17), Rula (7/17), Orizari-Celtiksi (4/18), Trajko-Cesme (1/18), Greznica (7/17), Obstrina (1918), Ciabresh, Brod, Pogradec, Barmasi, and others. Locations in modern Albania include: Zelova (8/17, 2/18), Korytza (Korçë, 8/17, 3/18), Biklista (Bilisht, 7-9/17, 8-9/18), Kastoria (1917), Plajsa (Placë, 8/17), Kapistica (8/17), Trnovo (8-10/17), Congonj (Cangonj, 8/17), Zvezda (Zvezdë, 7/17), Borova (Borove, 9/18), Prodgorie (8/17), German, Laisica, Pustec, Zemlac (Zëmblak), Breznica, and others. The collection includes over 430 loose large photos and about 600 smaller images mounted in four albums; the smaller images are mostly copies of the larger ones, but also include additional original views and portraits.
Over a hundred photos (many with ink stamps “Section Photographique de l’Armée” on versos) depict various military operations and fortifications of the Macedonian front, soldiers and officers of the Armée d'Orient, refugees and scenes of destruction after bombardments or explosions. Interesting images include: gun batteries on the Acropolis (July 1917); three portraits of General Adolphe Guillaumat (1863-1940), taken in Thessaloniki while the Commander of the Allied Army of the Orient (served in December 1917 - June 1918), including a scene of him attending a parade, and a group portrait with Admiral Jean Merveilleux du Vignaux (1865-1930) and General Charles-Antoine Charpy (1869-1941); French floating plane in Thessaloniki harbor; a zeppelin under construction; night fire in Thessaloniki on the 18th August 1917 (the entire city center and overall 32 % of the city territory was destroyed); Christian and Muslim refugees staying in Thessaloniki churches and mosques, French troopship “Liamore” in Corfu, and others.
Scenes from the Macedonian front proper show encampments of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” where Braive served (in Obstrina, Brod, and other places), a French medical officer looking into microscope, the Allied trenches and encampments on the front line with soldiers and officers posing to the camera (including African soldiers from the French Foreign Legion, soldiers going in an attack, portrait of a soldier living in a wheat basket, and others), a series of views of the roads and communications (including a cableway near Gnilés, Crna River valley), Red Cross nurses, a bridge exploded by the Bulgarian army on retreat, a review of Serbian soldiers by a general, graves of French soldiers, oxen-driven carts (some carrying wounded soldiers), truck convoys (with a series of photos showing cars stuck in mud and water, broken or burned), military boats being transported to Lake Ohrid (Macedonian-Albanian border), a crashed plane near Bilisht, military camel convoy, Bulgarian prisoners of war repairing the road, mules transporting munitions, Macedonian refugees going on roads laden with their belongings, burial of a local child killed in a bombing, and many others.
Other interesting images include over 60 photos of Thessaloniki, including city panoramas, views of streets and embankments (note: interesting views of the Venizelos street before and after the fire in August 1917), the White Tower, markets, churches, mosques, local people (vendors, passers-by, children, musicians, and others), two images of the ceremony of the immersion of the Cross in the Thessaloniki harbour featuring Eleftherios Venizelos (1864-1936), a prominent Greek politician and Prime Minister in 1910-20 and 1928-33, and many others. Among other views of Northern Greece are photos of town and village panoramas, streets, churches, markets (including portraits of French soldiers buying things from the locals), local peasants, priests, Romani people, a member of the Cretan guard of Eleftherios Venizelos (on a Florina market), a series of fifteen photos showing Easter celebration in Rakovo in April 1918 (now Kratero, near Florina); top of Mount Kajmakchalan showing the construction of the chapel commemorating Serbian victory over the Bulgarian troops in 1916; railway construction near Ostrovo (Arnissa); celebration of a Macedonian wedding in Klestina, and others. Interesting images of Macedonia include over twenty views of Monastir (now Bitola; show ruins after bombardment, Turkish arsenal, military barracks, Turkish cemetery and mosque, et al.), photos of a wedding and Easter celebrations in Obstrina, wedding celebration in Sveta Petka, various agricultural operations (i.e. Drying and beating of the corn), and others. Interesting photos of Albania show: road construction by women near Zelova, Albanian Komitadjis (rebels) in Korytza (Korçë), festive dancing in Brod, and others.
Overall a very interesting collection of military and ethnographic photographs of the Balkans during WWI.

[Album with 124 Original Gelatin Silver Snapshot Photographs of Mexico City and Environs].

Ca. 1900s. Oblong Quarto (ca. 18,5x27 cm). Fifty card stock leaves with tissue guards (eighteen blank). 124 mounted gelatin silver prints, ca. 7,5x10 cm (3x4 in), no captions. Original black full cloth “Badger” album (paper label on the inner side of the back cover). A few images with mild silvering or mildly faded, but overall a very good album.
Lively album of original snapshot photos from a vacation trip to Mexico, most likely taken by American tourists. The interesting photos show panoramas of the Mexico City with the surrounding mountains, railway stations and cars, “Grand Mexican Restaurant, Wine rooms for Ladies & Gentlemen,” lively views of streets and markets with local people, vendors, coffin bearers walking down a street, façade of a hotel with the signs “Hotel Cosmopolitan. Casa Alemana. German House,” street with a sign “American News Stand,” interiors of a hotel, public garden, Catholic monasteries and churches, street with a building in the background “Drogueria Botica” (pharmacy), public laundry, the Monument to Cuauhtémoc on the Paceo de la Reforma avenue, El Caballito (the equestrian statue of Charles IV of Spain Manuel Tolsá), Zocalo Plaza with the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral and tram cars, scenes of a bull fight at the Plaza de Toros, a female traveler posing on the outside deck of a tram car, several views of the famous Mexico city canals in the Xochimilco district with local villages on the banks, nearby towns and a snow-capped volcano (most likely, Mount Popocatépetl). Overall a very interesting collection of original photos of Mexico City and surrounding towns.


WHEELER & SON, COOPER, Frederick Kingsford Jeken
[Album of Eighteen Original Albumen Photographs of an Early Attempt to Ascend Mount Cook from the Tasman side Including a Large Panorama showing Mount Cook, Mount Tasman and Mount Haast from the Tasman Glacier].

1889. Oblong Folio (28,5x37 cm). 9 stiff beige album leaves. With eighteen original albumen photographs, seventeen ca. 17,5x22 cm (7x9 in) and one large folding composite panorama 16x104,5 cm (6 ½ x 41 ½ in). Most photographs captioned in the negative. Period brown gilt tooled half morocco with pebbled cloth boards. Mounts and boards slightly warped and a few photographs mildly faded, but overall a very good album of interesting early mountaineering photographs.
Album of early photographs made on an 1889 expedition attempting the first ascent of Mount Cook from the Tasman side. Mount Cook was first successfully climbed on 25 December 1894 when New Zealanders Tom Fyfe, John Michael (Jack) Clarke and George Graham successfully reached the summit via the Hooker Valley and the north ridge. The large panorama in this album shows Mount Cook, Mount Tasman and Mount Haast from the Tasman Glacier; the other photographs show Mt. Cook & Hooker Glacier; Ice Ridge Mt. Cook; Mt. Cook; Coach Leaving Hermitage Showing Southern Spur of Mt. Cook; Green's 5th Camp; Mueller Glacier (2); Mt. Tasman; Ice Cave Tasman Glacier; Head Tasman Valley; Sebastopol from Old Moraine; Sealey Range, The Hermitage; Mt. Sefton & Source of Mueller River; Crossing river by cable car; Lake Tekafo; two others with faded captions. The studio of Edmund Wheeler and his son Edmund Richard Wheeler was established in Christchurch in January 1864. The 1889 expedition documented in this album was reported upon in the Press (Christchurch) newspaper:
"A party of gentlemen have resolved to attempt the ascent of Mount Cook from the Tasman side. This party will be accompanied by a photographer (Frederick Kingsford Jeken Cooper) on behalf of Messrs Wheeler and Sons. We hope that the party may meet with the success they deserve. Should they do so the public will, owing to Messrs Wheeler and Sons' enterprise, have an opportunity of obtaining an accurate idea of what the Mount Cook scenery is like..,The party, consisting of Messrs Dixon, Johnson and Mannering, Mr Cooper (an operator from Messrs Wheeler and Sons), photographers, and two men engaged in swagging, left the Hermitage on 25th March, and after being detained at the terminal face of the Tasman glacier for a day by bad weather, reached the Ball Glacier Camp (Green's fifth camp) on March 27th. The first few days were spent in photographic work on the Tasman Glacier, the party camping two nights under Mount Malte Brun. From this point Messrs Dixon, Johnson, and Mannering attempted an ascent of Mount de la Beche, but were forced to return, owing to some difficult work on ice covered rocks being met with at an altitude of 8000 ft. On the downward trip Mr Dixon was taken ill, and some difficulty was experienced in reaching camp.
A return was made to the Ball Glacier camp on the 31st. Mr Mannering and the photographer ascended to 7000 ft on the Ball Glacier spur of Mount Cook, from whence a fine exposure of the peak secured. Mr Mannering pressing on, reached the peak of the Mount Cook range which this spur leads up to — some 7420 ft in height — and from which grand views of each side of the range are obtained. Darkness coming on, camp was only made by 10.30 p.m. After great difficulty.
Some days of rest followed, during which Messrs Johnson and Mannering explored a new route on the mountain (which it is believed will ultimately prove practicable) to a height of 6300ft.
On 4th April, one of the swagging hands coming up with supplies, with him Messrs Johnson and Mannering started for an ascent of the Hochstetter dome, camping the first night under Mount de la Beche. The ascent from this point was accomplished after much negotiating of crevasses and bergschrunds, and cutting steps up difficult ice slopes, in eight hours, the views en route being described as wonderfully magnificent.
From the summit the panorama beggars all description. The Wataroa River could be traced from source to mouth, meandering through forest-clad mountains to the sea, and to the northward and eastward hundreds of peaks of all descriptions flanked by as many glaciers, combined to make the scene one of the grandest panoramas. The descent was accomplished in four hours, the last hour being spent in a maze of crevasses in the turn of the glacier in a fast failing light, the party having been twelve hours on the rope without setting foot on a rock. Von Lendenfeld's time for the mountain was, we are informed, twenty seven hours.
Owing to an accident to the kerosene lamp, and Mr Dixon's uncertain state of health, it was deemed prudent to abandon the attempt on Mount Cook, although the mountain was apparently in fine order, and the route had been carefully noted from various points of vantage. A return to the Hermitage was effected on April 6th" (Press, Volume XLVI, Issue 7266, 23 March 1889, Page 4 & Press, Volume XLVI, Issue 7288, 18 April 1889, Page 5 from


MACARDELL, James (ca. 1729-1765)
[Mezzotint Engraved Portrait of]: The Rt. Hon.ble George Lord Anson, Baron of Soberton, First Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, Vice Admiral of Great Britain, Admiral of the Blue Squadron & one of his Majesty’s most Hon.ble Privy Council.

London: Richard H. Laurie, 1821. Mezzotint engraving ca. 38x28 cm (15x11 in). “A. Reynolds pinxt., J. McArdell fecit” underneath the image. With an engraved title and a heraldic device on the lower margin. With two centimeter blank margins, overall in very good condition.
Official portrait of Lord Anson engraved by James MacArdell after a painting by Sir Joshua Reynolds (1755) and reprinted by Richard Holmes Laurie on the 8th of August 1821. The print shows Anson three-quarter length, dressed in sumptuous court costume; his rank as the First Lord of the Admiralty is emphasized with a British man-of-war sailing in the background. Anson’s title underneath is adorned with the family crest of the viscounts Anson, supported by “Dexter, a sea-horse, and Sinister a lion guardant, both proper and each gorged with a collar double gemelle or” (Collen, W. Deprett’s Peerage of Great Britain and Ireland, revised… London, 1740, p. 447): above motto "Nil Desperandum" (Never Despair).
“George Anson was the most experienced sailor of his age. He circumnavigated the globe in HMS 'Centurion' between 1740 and 1744. He was First Lord of the Admiralty from 1751 to 1756 and from 1757 to 1762. During this time he was largely responsible for building a more professional navy, introducing reforms to the dockyards, updating the Articles of War - which details the professional codes and expectations of the Navy - and starting the Corps of Marines” (Royal Museums, Greenwich on-line).


[Album of Fifty-three Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Compiled by a crew member from one of the last Pacific Voyages of SMS Gneisenau to German Samoa and German New Guinea with a stop in Vietnam].

Ca. 1900. Oblong Folio (28x37 cm). 25 stiff beige album leaves. With 53 original gelatin silver mounted photographs ca. 16,5x21,5 cm (6 ½ x 9 ½ in) and slightly smaller, the majority ca. 11,5x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in). Images mounted recto and verso of album leaves. Original black lacquered album with black gilt tooled sheep spine and pictorial image on front cover. Album with mild wear at extremities and with a minor chip of lacquer on front cover, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
Album of interesting photos of German Samoa, German New Guinea and a stop in Vietnam on one of the last voyages of the SMS Gneisenau with photos of the ship (onboard views, group photos of sailors, line crossing ceremony, natives coming aboard); German Samoa (topless girls, chief and wives, noble ladies, group photos of natives, native dwellings); Vietnam (Opium den, local women, street view with German sailors in a horse drawn cart, a mill, interior views of a temple); German New Guinea (outrigger canoes with natives, warriors, native soldiers, ceremonial dance with natives in head dress, group photos of natives), etc..,
The "SMS Gneisenau was a Bismarck-class corvette built for the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) in the late 1870s. The ship was named after the Prussian Field Marshal August von Gneisenau. Gneisenau served in the training of officer candidates, for which the ship undertook numerous voyages abroad. An incident of desertion by a crew member is alleged to have occurred in 1885 at Sydney. On 16 December 1900 the ship sank in a storm near the harbor of Málaga, Spain, after grounding at the harbor mole because a failure of the propulsion machinery. Forty crew members perished, including the captain and first officer" (Wikipedia).


[CHRISTIAN, Robert R.]
[Extensive Private Journal kept aboard the Sloop of War USS Vincennes during its Service in the Pacific Squadron in 1849-1852, with Interesting Notes on San Francisco and Alta California during the Gold Rush, Puget Sound, Hawaii, Easter Island, Paita, Guayaquil, Rio de Janeiro, and Other Places].

12 October 1849 - 31 August 1852. Folio (ca. 32,5x22 cm). 46 leaves (5 blank). Brown ink on beige wove paper (last leaf with text written in pencil). Names of “Robert R. Christian” and “W.L. Christian” written in ink on the first leaf. Hardcover bound in old sail cloth (probably original sail from the Vincennes), new endpapers. First few leaves with some expertly repaired tears and edge wear (minor chipping with a few spots of very minor loss), some mild water staining of text in places with some mild fading but text still legible, sail cloth with some old stains; overall in very good condition.
Historically significant extensive naval journal kept by a crewman of the famous USS Vincennes during its service in the US Pacific Squadron in 1849-1852, which gives an important unofficial account of the events. USS Vincennes became the first US naval ship to sail around the world in 1826-30, and then Charles Wilkes’ flagship during the United States Exploring Expedition of 1838-42. The voyage documented in the journal was undertaken under command of Captain William L. Hudson (second-in-command during Wilkes’ expedition) and aimed to foster American influence in the Pacific, especially in the territories which the United States had recently acquired on the Pacific coast of Alta California and the Territory of Oregon. USS Vincennes departed New York at the end of October 1849, stopped at Rio de Janeiro, rounded the Cape Horn, and then cruised up and down the west coast of South and North Americas, anchoring at Valparaiso, Talcahuano, Coquimbo (Chile); Callao and Paita (Peru); Guayaquil (Ecuador), Acapulco (Mexico), Sausalito, San Francisco, Monterey, San Diego, and Santa Barbara; made a side trip to Hawaii in November 1851 – January 1852; visited Puget Sound (then the Oregon Territory of the US) in February 1852, and returned to New York via San Francisco and Easter Island (visited in June 1852).
The journal was apparently kept by Robert R. Christian, presumably a crew member, whose signature appears on the first leaf, but his position aboard is uncertain, since his name does not appear in the listing of officers, passengers, and specialists (carpenter, surgeons, etc.) with which he begins his journal. The author thoroughly documents the main events of the shipboard life, including numerous naval exercises, visits of naval commanders and government officials, receptions and balls given on board, relations with the other ships of the Pacific Squadron (USS Savannah, USS Massachusetts, and in particular USS “Vandalia” which took part in several drills with USS “Vincennes”), incidents, desertions and punishments, “liberty” leaves of the crew members et al.; there are also interesting descriptions of the ports, cities and places visited, some with amusing details, and notes of the weather and sailing directions.
Some excerpts from the journal:
San Francisco during the Gold Rush: "there are hundreds without employment notwithstanding, so that even El Dorado has its inconveniences; the largest fortunes here are made by the gambling houses" (14 Sept. 1850). “San Francisco partly burnt down” (17 Sept); "The elite of San Francisco... Have a sickly look about them, and their <…> “head gear” would positively horrify a “New York” or “New England” exquisite;" the common folk "are the raggedest of the ragged, lousiest of the lousy" (5 Oct). San Francisco's wealth was in evidence, though, when he noted "we have $300,000 in gold dust aboard" (10 Oct). A visit of “Commodore Sloat” (John D. Sloat, Commander of the Pacific Squadron in 1844-46 and first military Governor of California in 1846), who was “78 years old, very hale and hearty, a strict martinet” (29 April 1852). Death of the ship’s surgeon: “May 1. A shore boat with Dr. E.S. Rutter came alongside under sail and the Doctor in getting out (the shore boat immediately shoving off) missed the lower step and, although assisted by the Quartermaster at the water, fell overboard. The dingy and Gig were immediately lowered, and sent after him, but could not save him. May 2 $ 100 spent on the recovery of the body of Dr. Rutter” (1852).
“Sausalito consists of about 30 wooden frame houses built in New York, and is surrounded by abrupt steep hills covered with cattle” (22 Aug 1850). “Monterey is beautifully situated in a fertile country and forms a crescent. There are about 200 houses, a Church, a fort with a Company of US troops, and an old deserted naval store house. About ½ of the houses are empty, the owners having gone to the diggings” (19 Oct. 1851). “San Diego is a military station, 2 companies of U.S. Infantry are stationed here in tents. St. D. Is close to the Mexican frontier; <…> succeeded after a great deal of difficulty in anchoring at the new town of San Diego near a large wharf which costed $150,000” (3-4 Nov. 1851).
A visit to the Puget Sound (Feb. 1852) in the newly acquired Territory of Oregon with anchorings in Port Townsend, Vashon Island, Fort Nisqually, Bainbridge Island et al., and reaching as far as Anderson’s Island where the carpenter chopped some wood (14 Feb). “An Indian chief called “Lord Jem” [?] came aboard as pilot” (4 Feb.); in Port Townsend they were visited by "several male and female Indians of the “Clannan” tribe... The Indians on board were detected in the act of stealing the buttons off our coats" (5 and 7 Feb). “A party of officers and men sent to look after Lieut. Wilkinson who got lost in the woods yesterday, he was discovered at 11 am in an exhausted state and brought on board” (8 Feb), “King George and his tribe visit the ship in their war canoe, hoisted out lunch” (16 Feb), “at 8 fired a salute of 17 guns, in honor of Washington’s birthday” (23 Feb).
Hawaii (28 Nov 1851 – 19 Jan 1852): the ship was visited by British Consul General (2 Dec), Luther Severance (U.S. Commissioner in Hawaii, 1850-53) and “Mr. Allen, U.S. Consul” (6 Dec), the Governor of Oahu (8 Dec), “Dr. Judge” [Gerrite Permele Judd, Hawaiian Minister of Finance in 1842-49, 1850-53] (23 Dec), “King Kamehameha <…> in his yacht” (26 Dec), Robert C. Wyllie (Hawaiian Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1845-65); “Grand dinner on board Vincennes and a ball on board the Vandalia besides theatrical. Kamehameha 3rd, Gen. Miller and U.S. Commissioner were present. The King’s band was in attendance” (31 Dec.), “John Young, Premier of His Hawaiian Majesty” (3 Jan), “A missionary with a number of male and female Cannaccas from the Eastern end of the island visited the ship. They inspected the ship minutely and sang a number of hymns” (14 Jan).
Easter Island: "five of the natives of the island swam off to the ship, 4 men and 1 woman, the men were entirely naked, the woman had about her loins a few twigs secured by a string. These people were well formed and active. They came on board with the greatest confidence and traded their yams for old clothes, showing their gratification at their bargains in loud cries" (14 June 1852).
Rio de Janeiro: "all our officers went ashore and got gloriously drunk" (28 Jan. 1850), “There are about 3000 troops in this city. Their uniforms are very rich, but they get no pay and enlist for 6 years” (4 Feb. 1850).
Execution near Guayaquil: "Two Ecuadorians (mulattoes) shot near the sawmill. The firing party stood three paces from the criminals. The poor wretches were butchered in a horrid manner, characteristic of this people who are very sanguinary and bloodthirsty" (23 June 1850).
Paita (Peru): “The liquor they brag so much about called “Italia” and “Pisco” would poison a Comanche Indian… The natives are the most notorious thieves on the coast and are very expert in cutting off monk bags and robbing men of their hats, jackets and shores. There are 2 or 3 white whores in this town and the price they set on their charms varies from 3 to 5 dollars a night" (20 February 1851).
Mount Cotopaxi eruption: “The volcano of Cotopaxi distant 150 miles from this place [Guayaquil] is in full eruption. The sound distinctly heard onboard” (11 March 1851).
Desertions, incidents: "extraordinary rumors about California. Two seamen who had been breeding a disturbance on board an American merchantman were brought on board and put in the brig in double irons" (Valparaiso, 16 April 1850). 22 men deserted that month, listed by Christian on 21 April, including "Dorsay, nigga;" the Vincennes "had considerable difficulty in getting up anchor on account of having lost so many men" (23 April 1850); “the Captain spliced the main brace both today and yesterday” (23 May 1850); “a marine of the name of Stuart during a fit of the horrors jumped overboard whilst at the grog tub” (28 May 1850); “Musquitos of enormous size annoy the life of every body” (10 June 1850).
The diary concludes with a long and apparently unpublished song about the USS Vincennes, beginning "Come all you bold seamen wherever you be / I pray give attention and listen to me…"
The “USS Vincennes” was a 703-ton sloop of war, launched in 1826 and not finally decommissioned until the end of the Civil War. From 1838-1842 she served as Charles Wilkes’ flagship on the US Exploring Expedition (1838-42). “Recommissioned on 12 November 1849, she sailed from New York exactly one month later, bound for Cape Horn and the west coast of South America. On 2 July 1850, while lying off Guayaquil, Ecuador, she harbored the Ecuadoran revolutionary General Elizalde for three days during one of that country's frequent civil disturbances. Sailing on to San Francisco, the vessel lost 36 members of her crew to the gold fever sweeping California at the time. Turning south, Vincennes cruised off South America until late 1851, closely monitoring the activities of revolutionaries ashore. She made a courtesy call to the Hawaiian Islands at the end of the year and proceeded thence to Puget Sound where she arrived on 2 February 1852. She anchored briefly there and returned via San Francisco and the Horn to New York where she arrived on 21 September and was decommissioned on the 24th” (Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Vol. 7, 1981, p. 527). This journal is a rare and important artifact from likely the most important US Ship on the Pacific in the 19th Century.


55. [RUSSIA - 1812 CAMPAIGN]
[Anonymous Period French Manuscript Account of Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia in 1812 Titled:] Campaigne de Russie. Toujour victorieux depuis 19 ans, Napoleon revait la conquete du monde, et les limites de la terre semblaiens trop rapprochee, pour fixer le terme de ses exploits!...

[Ca. 1820-1825]. Folio (ca. 32,5x22 cm). 73, [2] stitched with a string. Brown ink on watermarked lined paper, text in French. Housed in a later laid paper cover with the manuscript title: “Campagne de Russie. Manuscrit anonyme,” inside a recent red quarter morocco folder with gilt lettered title on the spine and a marbled paper slipcase. Paper slightly age toned, with minor soiling and wear on the first and the last pages, but overall a very good manuscript.
Historically important period manuscript of Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia, or Russian Campaign of 1812. The narration begins on May 9, 1812 which marks the departure of the emperor to Königsberg, and ends on February 8, 1813 with the entrance of the Russians in Warsaw. Day by day the account details the main events of the campaign (crossing of the Niemen, capture of Smolensk on August 18, the Battle of Borodino on September 7, taking Moscow, etc.) and life in the French army during the advance towards Moscow. The author describes marches, battles, bivouacs, fire scenes and looting, hunger, heat, and lack of organization. There are also numerous notes that paint a portrait of Napoleon: "Napoleon was 43 years old and enjoyed robust health, he was little, fat, with high shoulders, short neck, big head, Greek profile and ponderous gait; his face was broad and pale, he had straight black hair, tawny gray eyes and thick eyebrows, his teeth were beautiful; his penetrating gaze, his motionless features, he was naturally taciturn, although only two passions painted on his face: anger, which made him momentarily lose reason, and the joy he expressed the contrary, by a very gracious smile; [...] At the beginning of a fight, the first cannon shots were giving to Napoleon an unbridled joy; then he remained impassive: generals, soldiers, fell dead before his eyes, nothing disturbed him." The narrator criticizes the emperor’s harsh judgment he wore on his defeated army, as he himself was "covered with furs, locked in a good car, always sleeping in a good bed and drinking Bordeaux wine with all his meals…"
The entry from the 7th of September described the Battle of Borodino "the bloodiest we have seen since the invention of gunpowder," which resulted in 70 000 killed on both sides, including 40 generals. Then came the invasion of Moscow "against all the rules of art,” where the governor general Fedor Rostopchin allegedly inspired the inhabitants to start the fire the following night. There is a note about frenzied looting during the fire, led by soldiers who had "braved death in the hope of owning Moscow’s wealth and abundance." On the 20th of September the army included 90,000 men and 20,000 wounded or sick, the supplies became scarce because "everything had burned or ravaged." Napoleon turned "from the offensive to the defensive and remained inactive in Moscow for 34 days in the midst of the ashes and disorder", and was forced to order the retreat which began on October 23, after he had decided to burn the Kremlin out of a “senseless revenge.”
Thus begins a detailed account of the retreat, with forced marches, starvation, cold, injuries and diseases, harassment by Russian troops, dropping of the wounded and weapons. The imperial army disintegrates, orders and rumors contradict, completing the disaster. Several pages are devoted to the crossing of the Berezina River, construction of bridges, Russian attacks and the tragic crossing on November 29. "There ended the destiny of this great army, which had made Europe tremble." On December 5 Napoleon left the army for Paris, leaving the command to Murat, who in turn passed it to Prince Eugene on January 16, 1813. The army, which after crossing the Berezina numbered only 8800 fighters, was still halved near Wilno on December 10, facing the army of Tsar Alexander, consisting of 100,000 men.
The manuscript ends with the overview of various bulletins of the campaign, the list of major French commanders, and a table showing the number of different divisions of Napoleon’s army: 647,158 men composed the imperial army in the beginning of the campaign (including Prussian and Austrian troops), and only 10,396 remained upon the retreat from Moscow. As indicated in the note at the end of the manuscript, it is according to the papers found in a carriage of Napoleon "we have feebly sketched the picture where the glory of French arms and misfortunes is so astonishing that posterity will be confused one day with the fabulous stories that have come down to us."


56. [RUSSIA]
[Album with over 140 Original Photographs from the Archive of the Sprato Family most Likely Taken by Amateur Photographer Alexander Sprato, Showing Alatyr Town, Usman Town, Borovichi Town, Moscow, Kazan, Portraits of Peasants, Fishermen, Schoolchildren, Officers and Soldiers, a Young Estate Owner, Sprato Family Members, and Others].

Ca. 1890-1910. Oblong Quarto (ca. 24x32,5 cm). Twenty-five grey card stock leaves. Over 140 mounted gelatin silver prints of various size, from ca. 4x4,5 cm (1 ½ x 1 ¾ in) to ca. 16,5x23 cm (6 ½ x 9 in), about fifty images with manuscript black ink captions on the mounts. Original grey cloth album with a leather spine and gilt tooled decorations on the front board. Rebacked, covers slightly soiled and rubbed, mounts slightly soiled, several images removed from the album, several mildly faded, one photo on the first leaf with loss of the upper margin, but overall a very good album.
The album contains over a hundred interesting evocative images of pre-revolutionary Russia, most likely taken by amateur photographer Alexander Sprato (his slightly damaged portrait is mounted on the first leaf); the captions under the images were also made by him. The photos depict various places in Central Russia, with some lively views of towns and villages, portraits of street guards, fishermen, hunters, peasants, families, children etc. Interesting views include those of: Alatyr Town (modern-day Chuvash Republic), showing streets, market square, piled timber on a river bank; Usman Town (Lipetsk Oblast) – main square, a noble house with the inhabitants in front, construction of a bathing house on a river; Borovichi (Novgorod Oblast) – street views, a ferry over the Msta River; Moscow (Manege, street decorations to the Coronation of Nicolas II on the Kuznetsky Most, Lubyanskaya Square, entrance to the Assembly of Nobility; draughts office of the Special Moscow District, Plaksin’s musical school, street guards in front of the office # 6); Emperor’s estate Klinskoye (Vladimirskaya Oblast), museum of the Boat of Peter I on the Pleshcheyevo Lake near Pereyaslavl-Zalessky (Yaroslavl Oblast), Kazan, a forest with cut timber in the foreground, and others. Numerous portraits show Sprato family members (including first photos of the photographer’s son Georgiy), as well as children from a church school near Mologa (Yaroslavl Oblast, now submerged under the Rybinsk reservoir), peasants making hay, fishermen and their children in a fisherman village near Pereyaslavl-Zalessky; officers, soldiers and a nurse during the WW1; a young man with hunting dogs in a countryside estate, and others. At the end of the album there are also several later group portraits of the Sprato family and friends, dating ca. 1920s.


57. [SPAIN]
[Collection of Fifty-Five Original Drawings of Cities and Villages in Spain and French Basque Country (Ainhoa), Including Madrid, Valencia, Murcia, Spanish Basque Country (Hondarribia/Fuenterrabia, San Sebastian), Navarre Region (Elizondo, Pamplona, Zugarramurdi, Elvetea), Catalonia Region (Barcelona, Sant Cugat del Vallès,Rubi, Monistrol, Montserrat Mountain range, Martorell, Sabadell, Girona, Banyoles, Llagostera, San Julian de Ramis, Tarragona, Reus), and Andalusia Region (Malaga, Ronda, Seville, Granada)].

Ca. 1928-1930. Fifty-five drawings of various size, from ca. 21,5x31 cm (8 ½ x 12 ¼ in) to ca. 22x16 cm (8 ½ x 6 ¼ in). Pencil, sometimes heightened in ink, on white, blueish, and brownish paper, the majority with tissue guards. All drawings are captioned and/or dated in pencil on the margins, fifteen also signed “V.F.R.” in pencil; over twenty drawings with additional short or detailed descriptions in English on verso. A couple of drawings with minor tears, creases or chips on extremities, but overall a very good collection.
Large collection of attractive drawings showing over twenty cities and towns in Spain, not long before the beginning of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). The drawings were executed by a British artist with the signature “V.F.R.” Very interesting are the views of the Spanish and French Basque Country, small towns in the Navarre region, streets of Barcelona, Montserrat Mountain Range, two drawings of the Ibero-American Exposition in Seville (9 May 1929 - 21 June 1930) – Guatemala pavilion, and full size replica of Columbus’s “Santa Maria” ship on the Guadalquivir River, and others.
The artist journey through Spain starts with sixteen beautiful general and street views of Ainhoa in the French Basque Country (Pyrénées-Atlantiques department), dated 13-31 May 1928, including that of the “Ohantzea Hotel (rear view)”. There are also two drawings of the Spanish Basque Country (dated June-July 1928), showing Hondarribia/Fuenterrabia (“tower of the Church as seen from the stone-flagged terrace of the old royal palace of Carlos V”), and San Sebastian (church in the Zubieta village nearby, now city neighbourhood). Eight views show the Navarre province of Spain (dated May-June 1928) - Elizondo, Pamplona, Zugarramurdi, and Elvetea towns.
In February-May 1929 the artist visited Catalonia, the collection includes twenty-four views of the region, including those of Barcelona (Calle de Consulado, Calle de Jesus Y Maria, San Pablo del Campo church, steamer Rey D. Jaime I at the embankment, “felucca Jn. Amalia unloading locust beans (alcarob)” steamers in the city port); Sant Cugat del Vallès (town church),Rubi (Plaza de José Palet), Monistrol (a view of the Montserrat mountain range from Calle Don Julian), Montserrat mountain range (“Cap of Liberty peak” taken from San Juan, Roman bridge at Castellbell), Martorell (Hamilcar Arch), Sabadell (street view), Girona (four city views, church of Sant Feliu), Banyoles (Santa Maria church), Llagostera (general view), San Julian de Ramis (font in church), Tarragona (view from the “Balcony of the Mediterranean”), and Reus (San Pedro church from Calle de la Abadia).
The next year started with a journey to Madrid in January 1930 (with a drawing of Plaza and Church of el Carmen with Mercado de Abastos in front). In February-March 1930 the artist travelled across Andalusia (12 views), depicting Malaga (Calle Cabello, Palo beach with typical fishing feluccas, El Chorro village, entrance to Gaitanes Gorge near El Chorro), Ronda, Seville (Triana village, now city neighbourhood; San Telmo Bridge “new opening bridge being built over r. Guadalquivir”; “wheel well near Macarena” – 2 views; replica of Columbus’s ship “Santa Maria” taken “from the bridge by the Expo’s grounds”, Guatemala pavilion of the Ibero-American Expo); and Granada (street view). There are also three drawings dated April 1930 - two views of Valencia (Las Torres de Quart, street views), and one of Murcia (Iglesia de Jesus). Overall a beautiful collection of drawings, with some unusual interesting views of Spain and France.


DOWER, [John]
A New General Atlas of Modern Geography Comprised in Fifty Maps Compiled from the Latest and Best Authorities.

London: Wm. S. Orr & Co., ca. 1840. New Edition. Small Folio (ca. 32x25,5 cm). With an engraved title and contents leaves, 13 pages of index, fifty hand coloured engraved maps and a plate showing the highest mountains and longest rivers. Original maroon gilt titled half sheep with marbled boards and original publisher's printed title label pasted on front cover. Extremities with wear, front board detached, but overall in very good original condition with very clean maps.
The interesting maps in this atlas include ones of post Congress of Vienna Europe, Turkey, Persia, India, Burma, China, Cape Colony, Egypt, North America, Canada, United States, Mexico including California and Texas, Colombia, Brazil, Chili and La Plata, Peru and Bolivia, Australia, Van Dieman's Land, East Indies and the Pacific Ocean, etc. John Crane Dower was active as an engraver, draughtsman and publisher ca. 1820-47 and first published this New General Atlas in 1835. Tooley A-D p. 384.


LOBECK, Tobias (Active 1750-70) & LOTTER, Tobias Conrad (1717-1777)
Atlas geographicus portatilis, XXIX. mappis orbis habitabilis regna exhibens. Kurzgefasste Geographie... Nebst compendieusen Land-Charten, welche einen kleinen Sack-Atlas ausmachen. [Portable Geographic Atlas..,].

Augsburg: T. Lobeck, ca. 1758. Expanded Edition. 72 pp. Oblong Duodecimo (ca. 11,5x15 cm). With an engraved frontispiece, and engraved title-page, and forty-one engraved hand-coloured maps. Handsome original brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep. Extremities mildly rubbed, gilt darkened, but overall a very good copy with a very clean maps and text.
Lotter was Matthäus Seutter's son in law and worked with Seutter in his workshop and became his most talented employee and then in 1756 succeeded Seutter with Seutter oldest son. Lotter produced Seutter's Atlas Minor and then from 1758 his own Atlas Minor, the present atlas being a further reduced version. This expanded edition of the Atlas geographicus portatilis with fourteen newly added mostly German regional maps all engraved by Lobeck himself. The atlas was sold both with and without Lobeck’s undated geographical notes. The destruction of Lima in 1746 is mentioned as having taken place last year but this edition is from around 1758 or slightly later. Phillips 631f; Tooley's Mapmakers K-P, p.145 & 158.


FRIES, Lorenz (1489/1491-1550)
[Woodcut Map of the World Titled:] Tabula Nova Totius Orbis.

Vienna: G. Trechsel, 1541. Woodcut map ca. 30,5x45,5 cm (12 x 18 in). With original centre-fold and a couple of expertly repaired wormholes of blank margin, but overall a very good and strong impression of this map.
Second of the two modern world maps by Fries after Waldseemüller. This being the Servetus edition of 1541 with a new title at the top. "It is a reduced version of the corresponding map in Waldseemueeler's atlas of 1513.., Fries has added five throned effigies of kings, representing those of Russia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Taprobana, and Mursuli. There is in addition a drwaing of an elephant (or perhaps mammoth) placed just off the coast of Greenland. This map, like the one previously listed, is one of the earliest world maps available to a collector, and an unsophisticated but attractive rendering of what was generally known of the world at that time'' (Shirley 49).



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