Winter 2012 - Exploration, Travel and Voyage
Books Part 2


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101. [ALARCÓN, Luis Ambrosio] (b. 1660).
Memorial de D. Luis Ambrosio de Alarcon a Su Magestad, (que Dios guarde) Sobre la Plaza, i Antiguedad en el Concejo de Indias [Reflection of Don Luis Ambrosio de Alarcon to His Majesty (God preserve him) On the Place and Seniority in the Council of the Indies].

Hispali [Seville]: Fanciscum Sanchez Reciente Typographum, 1729. First Edition. Folio (ca. 30,5x20 cm). [2], 35 pp. With ornamental woodcut initials in text. 19th century white half vellum with marbled boards. Period ink inscription in Spanish at the end of the text. A very good copy.
Very rare as no copies found in Worldcat.
This tractate addressed to the Spanish King Philip V (1683-1746) gives a detailed report of Don Luis Ambrosio de Alarcon’s career, including his service as a Councillor and Magistrate in Spain and Italy (Naples, Santa Clara, Otranto, Madrid), and as the Superintendent of the royal mercury mines (Real Mina de Azogues) in Huancavelica (Peru) during the reign of the viceroy of Peru Carmine Nicolao Caracciolo, 5th Prince of Santo Buono (ruled in 1716-1720). The ‘biographical’ introduction is followed with three chapters where the author explains the reasons for the raise of Don Luis’s salary as a member of the Royal Council of the Indies.
The period inscription in secretarial hand in the end of the text indicates that the sought-for raise has been granted: ‘Resol [vemos?]. Se declare la plaza en [Hispali?] 730. [?] concedio la antiguedad’
"The Council of the Indies; officially, the Royal and Supreme Council of the Indies (Real y Supremo Consejo de Indias), was the most important administrative organ of the Spanish Empire for the Americas and Asia. The large volume of Council and Crown's decisions and legislation for the Indies were formally codified in the 1680 publication, the Laws of the Indies (Recompilación de las Leyes de Indias) and re-codified in 1791" (Wikipedia).
The area around the city of Huancavelica "was the most prolific source of mercury in Spanish America, and as such was vital to the mining operations of the Spanish colonial era. Mercury was necessary to extract silver from the ores produced in the silver mines of Peru, as well as those of Potosí in Alto Perú ("Upper Perú," now Bolivia), using amalgamation processes such as the patio process or pan amalgamation. Mercury was so essential that mercury consumption was the basis upon which the tax on precious metals, known as the quinto real ("royal fifth"), was levied" (Wikipedia).



102. [ANSON, Lord George] (1697-1762)
A Voyage to the South Seas, and to many Other Parts of the World, performed from the month of September in the year 1740, to June 1744, by Commodore Anson, in his Majesty's Ship the Centurion, having under his command the Gloucester, Pearl, Severn, Wager, Trial, and two Store-Ships. By an Officer of the Squadron.

London: R.Walker, 1745. Second Edition, Best [?] Octavo. x, 11-408, 54 pp. With a portrait frontispiece and five folding copper engraved plates. 19th century brown gilt tooled full calf with a Lichfield bookplate. Head of spine slightly rubbed, title-page (with small cut-out of right upper corner) and two folding plates backed on old paper, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare work with only twelve copies found in Worldcat. This second edition seems to include an additional plate in comparison to copies of the first edition. This unauthorized account "preceded the publication of the official narrative by Richard Walter. The appendix in this edition relates to the history of voyages and explorations of the Pacific and the Far East, together with descriptions of some of the countries visited. There is a table for estimating the value of diamonds, and interesting plates" (Hill 1787).
"Consisting at the start of eight ships.., Seven ships were lost around Cape Horn and on the coast of Chile and out of 900 men who left England on board more than 600 perished. As usual scurvy took an appalling toll.., As with many a ship before and after, the island of Juan Fernandez proved a blessing in restoring scurvy-stricken men to health" (Cox I, p. 49 (Official Account)). "This is a scarce, surreptitious account of Anson’s voyage, anticipating the official account by four years. On the outbreak of the war with Spain in 1739 Anson was recalled from his post in Carolina and dispatched to the South Seas with a fleet of eight vessels to harass Spanish shipping and cooperate with Vernon across the Isthmus of Panama. He lost seven ships on the South American coast" (Goodspeed); Sabin 1633.



103. [B.C. GOLD RUSH WEEKLY NEWSPAPER]
The Cariboo Sentinel: Vol. 1. No. 12.

Barkerville, Williams Creek, British Columbia: Saturday, August 19, 1865. On a double Elephant Folio leaf (ca. 40,5x29,5 cm or 16 x 11 ½ in). Four pages. With Two page Supplement laid in. Period pencil note "30 cops. Exp. Acc. F.J. Barnard" in the right upper corner; blue stamp "M.W. WAITT & Co. Govt. St. VICTORIA" in the left upper corner. Light staining along fold lines, chipping on the upper edge, but overall a very good copy.
Very rare as only four runs of the newspaper located in Worldcat.
One of the first issues of this almost legendary goldfields newspaper inscribed by a prominent BC businessman and politician, the founder of famous Barnard’s Express: Francis Jones Barnard (1829-1889).
The inscription ordered to send 30 copies of the newspaper to the office of a Victoria bookseller, publisher and news agent M.W. Waitt & Co. (probably, on Barnard’s personal account). The reason for this was most likely the article letter from Victoria written anonymously by a member of the Legislature, which presented a lengthy defense of Union of the Colonies of BC and Vancouver Island, based partly on the value of the Cariboo miners to the Island economy and, reciprocally, the value of free trade to the miners (the union was concluded in 1866).
"The Cariboo Sentinel was published in Barkerville, in the Cariboo region of central British Columbia, and ran from June 1865 to October 1875. At the time, Barkerville was home to a fast-growing community of miners who had been attracted to the Cariboo region by the discovery of gold. The Sentinel was published by George Wallace, and its stated objective was not only to disseminate "mining intelligence," but also to eradicate "official abuse[s]" of power, both within the Cariboo region and beyond (vol. 1, no. 1, p. 2)" (UBC Library Catalogue).
"Francis Jones Barnard, often known as Frank Barnard Sr., was a prominent British Columbia businessman and Member of Parliament in Canada from 1879 to 1887. Most famously, Barnard was the founder of the B.X. Express freighting company ("Barnard's Express"), which was the main cartage and passenger services company on the Cariboo Road. His son, Sir Francis Stillman Barnard, often known as Frank Barnard Jr., later became the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.
It was his next enterprise, begun in the fall of 1860, that would grow to become the B.X. Express one of the most important companies in the early history of the Colony, and which would remain in business for decades. He began by carrying mail and newspapers, on foot, all the way from Yale to the goldfield towns of the Cariboo, a 760-mile roundtrip journey, charging $2 per letter and selling newspapers in the goldfields for $1 a copy. In 1861 and 1862 he also carried packages between Yale and New Westminster, a distance of 200 miles, and in 1862 established a one-horse pony express, with himself as sole rider, serving the Cariboo from Yale, where he met with services from New Westminster and Yale provided by Dietz & Nelson (one of the partners in which was the later Lieutenant-Governor Hugh Nelson) and couriered reliably from there to Barkerville. On his return journeys, he became entrusted with shipments of gold dust, and managed to reliably and safely convey earnings from the goldfields to Yale despite the ever-present risk of robbery, in addition to the difficulties posed by distance, climate, and the difficult canyon and plateau trails.
With the completion of the first section of the Old Cariboo Road to Soda Creek in 1862 , Barnard used his own acquired capital and found a backer to launch Barnard's Express and Stage Line with fourteen six-horse coaches and a famous team of "crack whips" to drive them, including legendary drivers Steve Tingley and Billy Ballou. The onset of the busiest phase of movement of miners and goods to and from the Cariboo Gold Rush began that year, and Barnard's new company prospered from a buys trade in services for passengers, freight, letters, newspapers and gold dust, and in 1864 was able to expand his business further with the purchase of more rolling stock and also in winning the government contract to carry the mail. Barnard was also able to encourage the government to end the gold escort with the result that his company's coaches, equipped with armed guardsmen, would be fully in charge of the movement of gold from the Cariboo to the Coast. In 1866 Barnard bought out Dietz and Nelson and so came into control of the bulk of business connecting Victoria to Barkerville, as he was now in control of shipments between Victoria and Yale as well as from Yale northwards" (Wikipedia).




104. [CAMPO POMAR, Rafael] (1813-1890)
Manifesto del Presidente del Salvador a los pueblos del estado [Manifest of the President of Salvador to the people of the state].

Cojutepeque [Salvador]: Imprenta del Triunfo, 1857. First Edition. Octavo. 5 leaves. Disbound pamphlet. Period ink inscriptions (calculations) on the title page, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare political pamphlet as no copies found in Worldcat. This pamphlet contains the speech of the president of El Salvador Rafael Campo to the citizens of the country dated the 21st of March 1857.
Rafael Campo Pomar was President of El Salvador 12 February 1856 - 1 February 1858. Campo was elected president on 30 January 1856. He turned over power to his vice president, Francisco Dueñas, on 12 May of the same year, but resumed the presidency on 19 July. He was a member of the Conservative Party. Campo stepped down after the serious cholera epidemic of 1857 had exhausted the country.



105. [CHÁVEZ, Coronado] (1807-1882)
Exposition del Presidente del estado de Honduras a los Centro-Americanos. Año de 1845 [Exposition of the President of the State of Honduras to the Central Americans. Year of 1845].

Comayagua [Honduras]: Imprenta del Estado, [1845]. First Edition. Octavo. [1], 12 pp. Original paper pamphlet with the title page as wrapper cover. Minor stains on the title page, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare Honduras imprint as only 6 copies found in Worldcat. The pamphlet contains the speech of the 4th president of Honduras Coronado Chávez to the citizens of the Confederation of Central America (1842-45) dated the 26th of June 1845. The speech is supplemented with the official letter from José Maria Cisneros (Ministerio de Relaciones del Supremo Gobierno des Estado de Honduras) to the general-in-chief of the army of El Salvador regarding the current war between Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua.
"Coronado Chávez was the 4th President of Honduras from 8 January 1845 to 1 January 1847. For the week prior to his taking office he had been a member of the council of ministers that was running Honduras along with Casto Alvaro. <..,> Chávez succeeded in the war with El Salvador, a conflict that ended with the "Sensenti Treaty" in 1847. A conservative, Chávez accompanied General Francisco Ferrera in exile, living in El Salvador until his return to Honduras, where he died at his residence in Comayagua.
Chávez was noted for a decree dated March 10, 1846, issued to support the ‘Literary Academy of Tegucigalpa’ which later became the State University. The Honduras Legislature proclaimed him on March 19, 1846 as ‘Father Conscripto’ (Father of the Nation)" (Wikipedia).



106. [COUNEAU, E.]
A Madame Ernest Callot. Biskra. Quatorze Eaux-Fortes Gravées sur des Dessins Originaux. Souvenir d'une Excursion en Algérie [To Madame Ernest Callot. Biskra. Fourteen Etchings Drawings Originals Engraved on a trip to Algeria].

1881. First Edition Author's Signed Presentation Copy. Folio. [iv] pp. With fourteen full page engravings. Original publisher's light brown printed paper wrappers. Spine renewed in style, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare work as only one copy found in Worldcat. Inscribed by the author "Souvenir Amical a L'Auteur a M. Teiloz, La Rochelle le 30 Mars 1911 E. Couneau." The well executed engravings illustrate scenes around Biskra, "the capital city of Biskra province, Algeria.., During Roman times the town was called Vescera, though this may have been simply a Latin transliteration of the native name. Around 200 AD under Septimius Severus' reign, it was seized by the Romans and became part of the province of Numidia. As a major settlement in the border region, it was significant even then. Its name was apparently bowdlerized by the Romans to Ad Piscīnam ("at the piscīna"), implying the presence of important waterworks" (Wikipedia).





107. [COURT OF BRITISH COLUMBIA]
BEGBIE, Matthew Baillie, Sir (1819-1894)

[Leaflet Titled]: Court of British Columbia. Order of Court. Whereas, by a Proclamation under the public seal of the said Colony, issued at Victoria, V.I., the 24th day of December, I, Matthew Baillie Begbie, Judge in the said Court, am authorised, while resident in Victoria, Vancouver Island, to make general Rules and Orders of Court in the same manner and of the same force and validity as if I were resident in British Columbia...
[Victoria B.C.]: 24 December, [1858]. On a folded double folio leaf (ca. 28x39,5 cm or 11 x 15 ½ in) with the Royal Arms of the British Empire. 4 pp. The leaflet has a mild stain on the first page, minor creases on corners, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare B.C. Incunabula with only thirteen copies found in Worldcat.
Matthew Begbie’s establishment of the Court of the newly formed Colony of British Columbia (since August 2, 1858). The document contains 14 paragraphs and three forms of declarations by barristers, attorneys or solicitors, and attorneys on temporary rolls.
"Begbie reached Fort Victoria on November 16, 1858. He was sworn into office in Fort Langley on November 19, as the new Colony of British Columbia was proclaimed. Given the influx of prospectors and others during Fraser Canyon Gold Rush and the following Cariboo Gold Rush of 1861, Begbie played a crucial role in the establishment of law and order throughout the new colony" (Wikipedia).
"Sir Matthew Baillie Begbie was the first Chief Justice of the Crown Colony of British Columbia in colonial times and in the first decades after confederation of Canada. Begbie served as the first Judge of the Supreme Court, Colony of British Columbia 1858 to 1866 and then, in the same capacity in the Supreme Court, the United Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia from 1866 to 1870. He was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Colonies from 1870 to 1871 and, following British Columbia joining confederation in 1871, he served as the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the new Province of British Columbia until his death on June 11, 1894.
In the years after his death, Begbie came to be known as the Hanging Judge. However, it appears that he does not deserve this reputation. The death penalty was mandatory in murder cases in those days unless the government approved a judge's recommendation for clemency. Indeed, Begbie successfully argued for clemency in several cases" (Wikipedia).



108. [DE SOUSA COUTINHO, Rodrigo Domingos] (1755-1812)
[LAW REGULATING GOLD AND DIAMOND MINING IN BRAZIL]: Eu o Principe Regente Faço saber aos que este Alvará com força de Lei virem: Que tendo-Me sido presentes os gravissimos prejuizos, que vem á Minha Real Fazenda, e aos Povos das Capitanias do Brazil, principalmente Mineiras, da fórma actual da Organizaçao, e Administraçao das Minas de Ouro, e Diamantes…

[Lisbon]: Na Regia Officina Typographica, 1803. First Edition. Folio (ca. 29x20,5 cm). 38, [1] pp. Original marbled paper wrappers. A near fine copy.
Very Rare official Portuguese imprint as no copies found in Worldcat.
The publication contains the full text of the law regulating gold and diamond mining in Brazil, in particular in the Captaincies of Minas Geraes and Goyaz. The text contains nine articles dedicated to the issues of organization of the Royal administrative council supervising mining and mintage (Junta Administrativa de Mineraçao e Moedahem); regulation of gold circulation and in particular the prohibition of circulation of gold powder; establishment of gold and diamond exchange institutions (Casas de Permuta); rules of exploitation of gold and diamond deposits and how they can be developed and also sold or leased to different entrepreneurs; et al. The law is supplemented with a detailed table of tariffs for buying the extracted diamonds which are divided into four groups according to their quality.
Rodrigo de Sousa Coutinho, 1st Count of Linhares was a Portuguese nobleman and politician, Secretary of State and Minister of the Navy and Overseas Dominions (Secretário de Estado da Marinha e Domínios Ultramarinos) and the President of the Royal Treasury (Real Erário) in 1801-1803” (Wikipedia).



109. [GOAN IMPRINT]
BALSEMÃO, Eduardo Augusto de sa Nogueira Pinto de (1837-1902)
Documentos que Dizem Respeito á Vida Publica de Eduardo Augusto de sa Nogueira Pinto de Balsemão [Documents Pertaining to Public Life of Eduardo Augusto de sa Nogueira Pinto de Balsemão].

Nova-Goa: Imprensa National, 1880. First Edition. Quarto. [2 - blank], iv leaves, 130, [1] pp. Period brown quarter sheep gilt lettered on the spine, original publisher’s printed wrappers bound in; front wrapper acting as a title page. Spine with repaired tears at head and foot, mild foxing, a few leaves strengthened at outer margin. Overall a very good copy.
Very Rare Goan imprint, as no copies found in Worldcat.
A collection of official documents and letters about the public life of Eduardo Augusto de sa Nogueira Pinto de Balsemão, who was Chief Secretary to the Governments of Cabo Verde, Angola and Goa (the latter in 1877). He was a member of the Geographical Society of Lisbon and Society of Propagation of African Geographical Knowledge of Luanda, and published several important works on the history of Angola and Portuguese India.



110. [GOAN IMPRINT]
MACIVOR, William Graham (1825-1876), and RIVARA, Joaquim Heliodoro da Cunha
Memoria Sobre a Propagação e Cultura das Cinchonas Medicinaes, ou Arvores de Quina do Peru [A Memoir about Propagation and Culture of Medical Cinchona, or Trees of Quinoa of Peru / Translated from English by J.H. Da Cunha Rivara].

Nova-Goa: Imprensa National, 1864. First Edition. Octavo. [2], 36 pp. Later brown gilt lettered cloth, original publisher’s printed wrappers neatly restored and bound in. With a possible author’s inscription on verso of rear wrapper: "[?] da Cunha Rivara. Arrayolos" (Arraiolos is a small town located in Évora District in Portugal the birthplace of Cunha Rivara). Some pages with very mild foxing, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare as only one copy found in Worldcat.
A report on the Cinchona cultivation in the Neilgherry mountains, introduced to British India in 1861 with seeds from Peru and Java. Translated by Cunha Rivara, and with an addendum by him (two articles originally published in Archivo de Pharmacia e Sciencias Accessorias da India Portuguesa, # 7 and 9, 1864). Mac Ivor, Kew Gardener, who came to India in 1848, became a director of a public garden at Ootacamund in Nilgira Hills, and was in charge of the Cinchona acclimatization project there. He also brought out several publications promoting horticulture.



111. [HONG KONG LAWS]
Laws of the Colony of Hong Kong. 1841-54; [With] Ordinances of Hong Kong, 1854-1864.

Hong Kong, 1855-64. First Edition. Small Folio, 2 vols. Volume 1: viii, 490; Volume 2: with over 200 unnumbered leaves, some blank. With the British North Borneo Company exlibris and Foreign and Commonwealth Office Library cancel stamps on the front free endpapers. Period brown patterned cloth with gilt arms embossed on cover of volume one. Rebacked using matching period cloth, extremities rubbed, otherwise a very good set.
Incredibly Rare Hong Kong imprints as no copy found in Worldcat.
Very important primary source for the history of Hong Kong with details on the cession of Hong Kong and the organization of the colonial government including proclamations, notifications, commissions and charters and 194 ordinances including laws regarding slavery, printing, registry of deeds, good order and cleanliness, prohibition of distilling alcohol, regulation for the police force, public gaming, establishment of courts, sale of opium, suppression of the Triad and other secret societies, restraint of trade with China, regulations of the goal. "The island of Hong Kong was first ceded to Great Britain in 1841, and the cession was confirmed by the Treaty of Nanjing, Aug. 29 1842, the charter bearing the date April 5 1843" (China Illustrata Nova II, 989).
"By the early 19th century, the British Empire trade was heavily dependent upon the importation of tea from China. While the British exported to China luxury items like clocks and watches, there remained an overwhelming imbalance in trade. China developed a strong demand for silver, which was a difficult commodity for the British to come by in large quantities. The counterbalance of trade came with exports of opium to China, opium being legal in Britain and grown in significant quantities in the UK, and later in far greater quantities in India. A Chinese commissioner Lin Zexu voiced to Queen Victoria the Qing state's opposition to the opium trade. It resulted in the First Opium War, which led to British victories over China and the cession of Hong Kong to the United Kingdom via the enactment of the new treaties in 1842" (Wikipedia).



112. [HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY]
Report from the Select Committee on the Hudson's Bay Company; together with the Proceedings of the Committee, Minutes of Evidence, Appendix and Index [With the 'Plans referred to in the Report']: Ordered, by The House of Commons, to be Printed, 31 July and 11 August 1857 [Plans by 'Henry Hansard, Printer']. Two items bound together.

London: House of Commons, 1857. First Edition. Folio. [iv], xviii, 547, [1] pp. With three large hand colored folding lithographed maps. Original navy quarter cloth with original printed paper spine label and grey papered boards. Extremities slightly frayed and bumped, otherwise a very good copy.
"An important document containing the evidence of many witnesses on the suitability of Rupert's Land for agricultural settlement" (Peel 188). The Committee was convened to consider 'the State of those British Possessions in North America which are under the Administration of the Hudson's Bay Company, or over which they possess a License to Trade', at the 'near approach of the period when the license of exclusive trade, granted in 1838 for 21 years, to the Hudson's Bay Company over that north-western portion of British America which goes by the name of the Indian Territories, must expire'. Highly detailed, and containing much first-hand testimony from notable figures (J. H. Lefroy; John Rae; Sir George Simpson; William Kernaghan; Sir John Richardson; Rear-Admiral Sir George Back; Edward Ellice). Nineteen appendices, containing transcripts of documents and other material. The HBC's 21-year monopoly, granted in 1838, was running out and pressure for opening its lands to settlement was growing. This report urges restraint in opening up the lands, warning of corruption of the Indians and overhunting of the fur supply. TPL 3729.



113. [ITALIAN ERITREA]
[Italian Colonization of Eritrea: Two Rare Items]:
[A Rare Russian Offprint]: TROYANSKY, Alexander Stepanovich (1835-1905). Eritreiskaia Koloniia Italii [The Italian Colony in Eritrea].
Saint Petersburg: V. Kirschbaum, 1893. Large Octavo. Separately issued offprint of the article in "The Proceedings of the Statistical Department of the Russian Geographical Society" (Vol. VII, Issue II). [6], 65, 2 pp. Original greenish gray publisher’s printed wrappers. With author’s inscription on the title page "As a remembrance from Troyansky". Corners and sides of the wrappers with very minor tears and losses, otherwise a very good copy.
[With An Early Italian Map of Eritrea]: La Baia d'Assab Carta Geografica per Seguire la Spedizione Militaire Italiana [Geographical Map of the Bay of Assab to Follow the Italian Military Expedition]. Torino: Carlo Manfredi, [1884]. Terza Edizione. [Third Edition] Large chromolithographed folding map 75x50 cm (29x20 inches). Original illustrated wrappers. Map with minor tears on folds and occasional spotting, wrappers soiled, with minor tears. Overall a good copy.
Troyansky’s work is a very rare short-run brochure as only 1 microform copy found in Worldcat. It is one of the first Russian books on Eritrea, written by the Russian General Council in Palermo just three years after the official formation of the colony and two years before the First Italian-Ethiopian War 1895-1896, which finally delineated the borders of the colony. The book gives an overview to the history of Eritrea and the establishing of the Italian colony there, Eritrea’s territory, climate and natural resourses; population, administration, finance, education et al; Italian immigration to Eritrea and Italian military forces in the country; Massawa and Assab ports and Eritrea’s intertational trade et al. Bibliography contains 19 Italian works.
From the Preface: "Although African Lands have usually been out of attention of the Russian Geographical Society, because of recent increased attention to Abyssinia we decided to publish this account about a very important possession of one of the European countries next to Abyssinia. Troyansky’s work with all its briefness is comprehensive and significantly contributes to our modest literature about Africa". For this work the Russian Geographical Society awarded Troyansky with its silver medal.
The Italian map of the Bay of Assab is a rare interesting map of the early history of Italian influence in Eritrea, no copies found in Worldcat. It contains a large map of the East Africa with outlining the Italian Colony in Assab and leaving Massawa still independent (it was occupied in 1885). Additional smaller maps show detailed charts of the ports of Assab and Massawa, Sudanese and Danakil territories. A special text block contains "Gli Interessi Italiani in Africa."
The history of Eritrea is tied to its strategic position on the Red Sea littoral, with a coastline that extends more than 1,000 km.., In the period following the opening of the Suez canal in 1869, when European powers scrambled for territory in Africa and tried to establish coaling stations for their ships, Italy invaded and occupied Eritrea. In 1882 the Eritrean port Assab and in 1885 Massawa became an Italian colony and on January 1, 1890 the whole Eritrea officially became a colony. Italy planned to expand its possessions from Eritrea into the more fertile Abyssinian hinterland, but Ethiopia's military victory in the First Italian-Ethiopian War secured it the distinction of being the only African nation to successfully resist European colonialism (Wikipedia).




114. [KAZAN, ASTRAKHAN & GEORGIA]
Der Allerneueste Staat von Casan, Astracan, Georgien und Vieler Andern dem Czaren, Sultan und Schach, Zinsbaren und Unterthanen Tartarn, Landschaften und Provinzien: samt Einer Kurzen Nachricht von der Caspischen See, dem Daria-Strom, ingleichen von dem Persischen Hof, und Dessen Allerneuesten Staats- und Kriegs- Verfassung; zur Erläuterung der Russisch- und Persischen Kriegs-Operationen Entworfen, und mit Dienlichen Kupfern Ausgezieret [The very Latest Account of Kazan, Astrakhan, Georgia and many Other Possessions of the Czar, Sultan and Chakh, Tributary and Subjects Tartars, Landscapes and Provinces: with a Brief Account on the Caspian Sea..,].

Nurnberg: Wolfgang Moritz Endters sel. Erben, 1724. First Edition, Second Issue. Duodecimo. [xiv], 398 pp. With a copper engraved frontispiece, and four other folding copper engraved plates. Period quarter vellum with decorative papered boards. Rebacked with 17th century vellum with decorative manuscript initials, also with a brown ink inscriptions on the first endpaper (dated 1751) and a couple of library stamps on half title and title, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare work and one of the first books on Russian-Persian War (1722-23), published anonymously just a year after the end of the war and thoroughly describing the regions of the Southern Russia, the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea. It contains an account of the events of the Russian-Persian war which ended with a Russian victory and the subsequent Russian annexation of the Persian cities Derbent, Baku, Rasht and the northern Persian provinces of Shirvan, Gilyan and others.
The author describes all regions influenced by the war: the Volga River and its major cities – Kazan and Astrakhan (as two main centers of the organization of the Persian campaign); the Caucasus (Georgia, Mingrelia, Dagestan et al.); the Western Caspian Sea region and its largest cities Baku, Derbent and Shemakha. It’s interesting that Baku inhabitants were described as sick and lethargic, due to the poor water that was contaminated by Naphtan (oil). There is also a description of the geography of the Caucasus Mountains, including Mount Elbrus, the manners and customs of the people, genealogy of local Georgian and Mingrelian princes and others. The book includes engraved portrait of Sultan Hossein who ruled Persia at the time, three copper engraved views of Derbent, Baku and Shemakha, the Baku view showing various images of mostly burning oil wells; and a copper engraved plate of the local costumes. Nitsche-Stender 189.



115. [PERON, Pierre Francois] (b. 1769)
Memoires du Capitaine Peron, sur ses Voyages aux Cotes d'Afrique, en Arabie, a l'Ile d'Amsterdam, aux Iles d'Anjouan et de Mayotte, aux Cotes Nord-Oeust de l'Amerique, aux Iles Sandwich, a la Chine, etc. [Memoirs of Captain Peron on his Travels on the Coasts of Africa, Arabia, Amsterdam Island, the Islands of Anjouan and Mayotte, Along the Coast of Western North America, the Sandwich Islands, China, etc.].

Paris: Brissot-Thivars, Libraire, Bossange Freres, 1824. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. [iv], v, 328; [iv], 359 pp. With four folding lithographed maps and two folding lithographed plates. Original publishers blue printed papered wrappers mounted on period green paper with title in manuscript on the spines. A couple of leaves with minor marginal water staining, otherwise a very good set in very original uncut condition.
"For a considerable time Peron, chief officer of the Otter under Captain Ebenezer Dorr Jr., was engaged in the industry of carrying sealskins and furs from the northwest American coast to China. He gives particulars concerning parts of British Columbia, Vancouver Island, and the Queen Charlotte Islands. He also describes parts of California, particularly a visit to Monterey in 1796. Other places he visited were Tasmania and New South Wales in Australia, Hawaii and Sumatra" (Hill 1330). "A description of Bahia appears in Vol. 1" (Borba de Moraes, II p. 663); "Remarks on the Hawaiian Islands are in volume II (pp. 135-176)" (Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 585); Howes P240; Howgego P64.
In May 1796 Peron "reached the Strait of Juan de Fuca. In June his ship entered the Bay of Nootka, where Peron and his companions had long dealings with the famous Macuina, of whose treachery and cruelty there is a long account. After several stops on the way north, Peron's ship entered the region of Bucareli Bay in the beginning of August, thus entering Alaskan waters.., Captain Peron's memoirs are well-written and described many interesting events in the life of a sea captain who travelled in most of the still little-known world where Western commerce was fast developing" (Lada-Mocarski 89); Sabin 61001.



116. [PORTUGUESE NAVIGATION AND COLONIES]
Annaes Maritimos e Coloniaes. Publicação Mensal Redigida sob a Direcção da Associação Maritima e Colonial [Maritime and Colonial Annals: Monthly Publication Issued under the Direction of the Maritime and Colonial Association].

Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional, 1840-1846. First Edition. Octavo, 6 vols. 533, [3], 12; 583, [5]; 346, [2], 641, [2]; [1 – t.p.], 409, [2], [1 – t.p.], 455, [2]; 235, [1], 512, [2]; 56, 135 pp. With a total of thirteen lithograph maps, plans and charts (twelve folding, three in color), nine lithograph plates (seven folding; one large), and one large folding table, plus many tables in the text. Handsome period maroon and brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled and papered boards. Bound in a similar but not quite uniform style. Vol. 2 bound without a title page. A couple of plates with repairs and markings of removed old adhesive tape, a couple of places of mild foxing but overall a clean very good set.
A complete set (103 issues) of the first and only edition of this important Portuguese periodical dedicated to navigation, geographical exploration and colonial issues, and published by the Associação Maritima e Colonial in Lisbon. The materials include important original articles on the Portuguese colonies in Africa (Angola and Mozambique), India (Goa), China (Macau), Indonesia (Timor and other islands, e.g. Solor); official documents by the Portuguese government regarding maritime and colonial issues, as well as current statistical information from the colonies; first publications of the accounts of Portuguese voyages of exploration (e.g. in the Central Africa); interesting archival documents regarding Portuguese voyages and discoveries from the XVth century onwards and many others.
The collection includes three lengthy articles serialized through many issues: one is on the Portuguese colonies in Asia, including Macau and Timor, one on Portuguese explorations in the interior of Africa (diary of Dr. Francisco Jose de Lacerda e Almeida), and one on Portuguese colonies on the west coast of Africa (Angola). Other articles are dedicated to the Solor Island (Indonesia), Mozambique, the trade with the Malay Archipelago, the priority of Portuguese explorations in the Northern and Central Africa; problems of Christianisation and public education of the population of the Portuguese colonies et al. There are also accounts of the most important international expeditions of the time, e.g. Dumont-Dourville’s travel to the Antarctic (1837-40), Dupetit-Thouars’ circumnavigation of the frigate Venus (1836-39), Canadian Arctic exploration by the Hudson’s Bay Company vessels, the US Exploring Expedition in the South Pacific in 1838-40 et al. The publications also include texts of international anti-slavery treaties, documents on exports and imports, articles on the latest navigation techniques and machines, e.g. steam ships, et al.
The charts are aimed at helping sailors to navigate in difficult ports, and show the harbors of Lisbon, Goa, Quellimane (Mozambique, hand coloured), Dilly (Timor), Mossamedes (modern Namibia, Angola) and Lobito (Benguela province of Angola); there are also folding plans of the city of Goa, a Portuguese fort in Pungo an Dongo (Angola); a topographical chart of the National Forest of Leiria (Portugal) and others. Plates include two views of the rapids de São Salvador da Pesqueira on the river Douro (Portugal) – before and after the works which removed the rapids and made the river navigable at this point; a nicely executed large folding view of the façade of the famous ruin of St. Paul’s Cathedral in Macau, a reprint of a document in Chinese, a draft of a vapour vessel, a statistical table of the population of the Portuguese Goa and others.
Volume I contains 11 issues and a supplement (pp. 529-33), followed by an index (3 pp.), as described in Fonseca, and "Estatutos da Associação Maritima" (12 pp., paginated separately), which is not mentioned in Fonseca. In volume II, there are 12 issues. Volumes III, IV and V each contain 24 issues: 12 in the "Parte Official," 12 more in the "Parte Não Official." In volume VI, only 4 issues each of the "Parte Official" and "Parte Não Official" were published. Fonseca calls for only 1 folding plate and 3 maps in the "Parte Não Official" of volume III, where this copy has 3 plates and 4 maps. Fonseca also fails to mention the single leaf preceding the text in both "Partes" of volume IV.
Innocêncio I, 72; Sabin 1577a.



117. [SAKHALIN INCUNABULA]
Сахалинскiй Календарь [Sakhalin Calendar/ Printed under the order of the Sakhalin Military Governor].

Sakhalin: Printed in the typography on the Sakhalin Island, 1899. First Edition. Octavo. [2], iii, 149, 176 pp. With 4 lithographed plates. Period style red half morocco with raised bands and gilt tooled spine. Six leaves (p. 131-134, 139-142 145-148) with margins neatly strengthened, but overall a very good strong copy.
Very rare and important Sakhalin imprint. The first book published on the island, "Sakhalin Calendar" was issued for 5 years, 1895-1899. There are only two copies of single volumes in the world libraries (Harvard and Yale Universities); all five volumes are in the Russian State Library, while the collection of the Russian National Library doesn’t have the original of our, fifth volume (only a photocopy).
Our copy is bound without the last article "About hygienic condition in Sakhalin convict prisons" (supposed to start on p. 177, with four plates). However, not all copies have this last article as it was perhaps suppressed. Thus, the copy from the collection of the main Sakhalin library is identical to the present copy (Sakhalin Provincial Universal Scientific Library, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk).
"The ‘Sakhalin Calendars’ became the first books published on Sakhalin. They were printed in 1895-1899 in the typography of the police direction of the Alexandrovsky post (now Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky) with permission of the Sakhalin military commander Vladimir Dmitrievich Merkazin (1834-1903). The calendars contained Orthodox Christian, Catholic and other calendars, official documents and orders, statistical information, scientific and journalistic articles of local intelligentsia and political exiles" (Sakhalin Provincial Universal Scientific Library on-line).
The editor of all the issues was the head of the Sakhalin medical administration Doctor V. Stsepensky; among the contributors were the exiled ethnographers L. Stenberg (1861-1927) and B. Piłsudski (1866-1918), a revolutionary and a father of Russian poet Daniil Kharms I. Yuvachev (Miroliubov) (1860-1940), doctor N. Kirilov (1860-1921), exiled revolutionary B. Ellinsky (1872-1942) and others.
As the editorial to the Calendar for 1898 noted, "to be honest, it is very, very difficult to publish the ‘Sakhalin Calendar.’ A very small group of people, real old-residents of the island who work on this project, would have most likely given it up, if recently numerous newspapers didn’t publish articles about Sakhalin which remind them of the stories of the ancient Phoenicians about their travels to legendary countries <..,> Sakhalin for the mother country is terra incognita – write what you want (it happens more and more in the recent years) – people will believe everything. To give the opportunity to everyone interested in Sakhalin to separate the wheat from the chuff, a handful of the mentioned above old residents is working with the goal to spread the truth about the island."
Our issue of the calendar for 1899 contains a list of all officers and associates of civil and military administration of Sakhalin, information about Sakhalin state, civil and education institutions (churches, hospitals, schools, asylums, libraries, meteorological stations, penitentiaries, post); population, local troops; agriculture, industry, private enterprises and joint-stock companies, ships which visited Sakhalin in 1897; charity et al.
Very important is one of the earliest reports of the first Sakhalin museum which was founded in Alexandrovsky post in 1896 (now Sakhalin State Provincial Museum of Local History, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk). The report compiled by the museum director Pogaevsky, encloses museum activities from January 1st 1898 to January 1st 1899, including notes on new acquisitions (stuffed bears and a fox, a model of a Japanese warrior etc.) and a visit to the museum of Prince Heinrich of Prussia (1862-1929), an officer of the Imperial German Navy and commander of the East Asia Squadron in 1899-1903.
The second part of the ‘Calendar’ contains extent articles about the climate of the Southern Sakhalin (by N. Kirilov); an overview of the care after suffering from mental sickness on Sakhalin in 1897-98 (based on the official data, by L. Landau); "About the routes of the Korsakov district" (by N. Kirilov); "Food of the Sakhalin galyaks (from the local museum)"; "Analysis of the weather of the Alexandrovsky post on Sakhalin for 1898 (from the report of Alexandrovsky meteorological station)."



118. [SAVELYEV-ROSTISLAVICH, Nikolay Vasiljevich] (1815-1854)
Dimitriy Ioannovich Donskoy, Pervonachalnik Russkoy Slavi [Dimitriy Ioannovich Donskoy, the First Leader of the Russian Glory].

Moscow: Typ. of N. Stepanov, 1837. First Edition. Octavo. 157, [7] pp. 19th century black quarter morocco with black papered boards, rebacked in period style using the original boards. A very good copy.
Extremely rare as no copies are found in Worldcat. The first book by Nikolai Vasilievich Saveliev-Rostislavich, author of three major books and over a dozen articles in magazines Otechestvennye zapiski, Syn Otechestva, Moskovskiy nabljudatel, etc., in the dictionary "Military Encyclopedic Lexicon," mostly devoted to the history of the Slavs and the ancient peoples of Europe (Scythians, Sarmatians, Vikings, Huns, Goths and others).
This book is dedicated to the outstanding Russian military leader, the Moscow Grand Prince Dmitry Donskoy, who was the first among the Russian princes to defeat the army of the Mongol-Tatars: in 1380 in the Battle of Kulikov field (not far from the river Don). Donskoy inflicted a crushing defeat against Khan Mamay, for what became known as 'Donskoy'. It was in his reign, that Moscow established its leadership position in the Russian lands. Dmitry Donskoy was the first to pass on power to his eldest son Basil without the sanction of the Golden Horde. Brockhaus-Efron Russian Online Dictionary; Russian Biographical Online Dictionary. Rare Russian Biography of Dmitrii Donskoi, First Russian to Defeat the Army of the Mongol-Tatars.



119. [SIBERIAN UNIVERSITY IN TOMSK]
OPISANIE PRAZDNESTVA, Byvshego v Gorode Tomske 26 i 27 Avgusta 1880 Goda, po Sluchaiu Zakladki Sibirskogo Universiteta [Description of the Celebration of the Beginning of Construction of the Siberian University in Tomsk on the 27th and 28th of August 1880].

Tomsk: Mikhailov and Makushin, 1880. First Edition. Octavo. [2], 73 pp. Original publisher’s blue printed wrappers. A very good copy.
Very rare short-run imprint as no copies found in Worldcat.
The brochure describes the grand ceremony of the beginning of the construction of the first university in Siberia – Tomsk Imperial University (nowadays Tomsk State University). The construction started on the 26th August 1880, and the University opened its doors in 1888. After that Tomsk received the nickname "The Siberian Athens." The brochure gives a detailed description of the whole celebration: a solemn reception, service of the Orthodox Church, special dinner, public feast and fireworks. It includes texts of speeches of all important participants; list of main people who donated for the construction; telegrams with congratulations received from universities, schools, institutions and private people from all parts of Russia. The text on the rear wrapper says that all funds raised on selling of this book will be spent on construction of the student campus for the Siberian University.
Tomsk University is now considered one of best universities in Russia; it has status of one of 39 National Research Universities. Two Nobel Award laureates, more than 250 laureates of the State Premium of Russia and around 100 members of Academies of Sciences from different countries studied and worked here. The university is very proud of its Library with rich collection of rare books and manuscripts and Botanical Garden founded in the 19th century.



120. [UNION OF VANCOUVER ISLAND AND B.C., 1866]
[Leaflet Titled]: Despatches [A letter dated 12 December 1865 from Governor Kennedy to the Legislative Assembly enclosing despatches concerning crown lands].

Victoria, [1865]. 4 pp. On a folded folio leaf (ca. 27,5x35,5 cm or 10 ½ x 13 ¾ inches). Printed in double-columns. Signed by J.D. Pemberton (brown ink, in the right upper corner). Near fine, clean copy.
A very rare leaflet as no copies located in Worldcat. Most likely the copy which belonged to Joseph Despard Pemberton (1821-1893), Surveyor General of the Colony of Vancouver Island at the time. The document contains several despatches from the Governor of Vancouver Island Arthur Edward Kennedy (1809-1883), J.D. Pemberton himself, attorney general of the Vancouver Island George Hunter Cary (1832-1866), and acting surveyor general of Vancouver Island Benjamin William Pearse (1832-1902) regarding surveys of the lands of the Hudson’s Bay Company and other proprietors, in order to facilitate terms of the Union of the colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia. Lowther 261.



121. [VERY RARE B.C. INCUNABULA]
[EARLY REGISTRATION OF REAL ESTATE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA] [Broadside Titled]: An Act for Establishing a Registry of Deeds.

[Victoria B.C.], [1858]. Folio (ca. 35,5x21,5 cm or 14 x 8 ½ in). Light blue paper. A couple of very small tears on the edges, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare B.C. Incunabula with no copy located in Worldcat. This broadside establishes the "Registry of Deeds and other instruments affecting Real Property"; which purpose was "to simplify the conveyance of Land and other Real Property," to provide "the valid execution of Deeds, Acts of Instruments"; "and for the due recording of all Wills or Testaments" regarding "any Estate in Land or other Real Property."
Most likely a preliminary version of the Council Bill which finally established the Registry in 1859. Clearly a draft, since the printing is rather poor and a blank space has been left at one place, and no royal seal is printed at the top of the text. The Minutes of the Council note the introduction by Douglas of this item for consideration at its meeting on Dec. 1st, 1858, so quite likely it was printed before that time. The importance of this legislation relegated it to discussion at council meetings for several months while various opinions as to its legality, etc., were sought. Unrecorded.



122. [VICTORIA AND ESQUIMALT RAILWAY COMPANY]
[Broadside Titled]: An Act to Authorize the Victoria and Esquimalt Railway Company Limited to Make a Railway from Esquimalt to Victoria.

Victoria B.C., 1862. One page on a folded double folio leaf (ca. 35,5x42,5 cm or 14 x 17 in).Pale blue paper. A fine copy.
Very rare broadside with Worldcat only locating a copy at UBC. This is a draft of an act for a railway between Victoria and Esquimalt which most likely hadn’t been accepted; unlisted in the official set of Acts.
According to the document, "the Victoria and Esquimalt Railway Company Limited was duly registered on the 21st day of November, 1862" with the goal of "making of a Line of Railway between Victoria and Esquimalt, and the conveyance of passengers and goods between Esquimalt and Victoria."
The Company will commit to "make and complete the permanent way of the said line <..,> within two years from the passage of this Act, unless hindered by the dangers of the sea or other unavoidable casualty." In case of approval, the Act "may be sited as the Victoria and Esquimalt Railway Act, 1862."



123. [WALLIS, J.]
Wallis's New Pocket Edition of the English Counties or Travellers Companion in which are carefully laid Down all the Direct & Cross Roads, Cities, Townes, Villages, Parks, Seats and Rivers with a General Map of England and Wales.

London: J. Wallis, [1812]. Duodecimo. [iv] pp. With forty-four hand coloured maps. Period red gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and red gilt sheep cover label. Lower spine with chip, contents slightly loose, otherwise a very good copy.
The attractive English county maps show the main towns and roads. The map maker also published 'Wallis's New British Atlas Containing a Complete Set of County Maps in the same year.' Tooley Q-Z p.350.



124. ADALBERT, Prince of Prussia (1811-1873)
Travels in the South of Europe and Brazil: with a Voyage up the Amazon, and its tributary the Xingu', now first explored. Translated by Sir R. H. Schomburgk and J. E. Taylor. With an introduction by Baron von Humboldt.

London: David Bogue, 1849. First English Edition with a Signed Letter by Schomburgk. Octavo, 2vols. xvi, 338, [1]; v, 377 pp. With an aquatint frontispiece and four outline hand colored folding maps. Original publishers brown patterned gilt cloth, set housed in a custom made matching slip case. Spine mildly sunned, otherwise a very good set.
With an Autograph Letter Signed by Sir Robert H. Schomburgk (the editor of the book) addressed to a Mr. Higgins and dated the 29th of May 1845.
"FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH, and the first edition to be published for the public. The first edition in German had been privately printed in 1847 in an edition of only 100 copies for distribution among the Prince's friends and family" (Christies). "Prince Adalbert and his suite arrived in Rio in 1842 and made several journeys in the vicinity (Nova Friburgo, Macae, Campos). From Rio they sailed to Para, and from there up the Amazon to the Xingu, venturing up this river to a point never reached by white men before. On returning to Para they made journeys into Maranghao, Recife, and Bahia, and from there went back to Europe" (Borba de Moraes I, p.14).
"Of all the tributaries of the Amazon, the Xingu was the least known. A Dutch fort had been placed near its mouth in the early seventeenth century, and a few Jesuit missions had sprung up along the lower reaches. Adalbert's survey was the first of its kind, but saw only the lowest 300 kilometers of the river. In fact the upper Xingu remained unexplored until Karl von den Steinen arrived at the headwaters from Cuiba in August 1884" (Howgego 1800-1850, A3); Sabin 162.




125. ANDERSON, John (1795-1845)
Mission to the East Coast of Sumatra, in M.DCCC.XXIII, under the direction of the Government of Prince of Wales Island. Including historical and descriptive sketches of the country, an account of the commerce, population and the manners and customs of the inhabitants, and a visit to the Batta cannibal state in the interior.

Edinburgh & London: William Blackwood and T. Cadell, 1826. First Edition. Octavo. xxiii, 424 pp. With four folding engraved maps, eight engraved plates and a folding table. Handsome period style light brown elaborately gilt tooled full calf with a maroon gilt label. A fine copy.
"In February and March 1823 [Anderson] acted as agent for the governor of Penang in 'procuring engagements' from the sultans of Delly and Siack, and the rajah of Langkat, in Sumatra. He was also despatched to Perak and Selangor, fixing the state's boundary with that of Perak (Howgego 1800-1850, A10).
"In 1819 Anderson was appointed deputy warehouse-keeper and Malay translator to the government, which latter post he retained until his retirement. In January 1823 he was dispatched on a three-month mission to the east coast of Sumatra with instructions to promise protection to the Sumatran chiefs and to discourage them from entering trading agreements with the Dutch. Distributing gifts of European chintzes and Indian muslins, Anderson was well received along the coast, and, ignoring his orders to abstain from formal political negotiations, agreed new or reinvigorated treaties with the sultans of Deli and Siak and the rajas of Serdang and Langkat, which the court of directors subsequently ruled invalid. In 1826 he published an account of his journey, Mission to the East Coast of Sumatra, in 1823, designed to alert British manufacturers to the potential market for their goods in Sumatra" (Oxford DNB).



126. ANDREWS, Lieutenant-Colonel Mottram
A Series of Views in Turkey and the Crimea, from the Embarcation at Gallipoli to the fall of Sebastopol.

London: Thomas McLean, 1856. First Edition. Folio. With a lithographed pictorial title page, dedication leaf, subscribers' leaf, nine descriptive leaves and seventeen tinted views, two folding. Handsome period style maroon elaborately gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with cloth boards and original cloth cover title mounted on front cover. Several plates with repaired margins, not affecting printed surface, title and a few plate margins with some mild finger soiling, otherwise a very good copy.
Mottram Andrews served during the Crimean War (1853-56) as a Captain of the 28th Foot (North Gloucester) Regiment of the British Army; he retired and was promoted to an honorary rank of Lieutenant Colonel on September 9th, 1855 (Colburn’s United Service Magazine. 1855, Part 1, p. 315). The 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot participated in the Battles of Alma (20th September) and Inkerman (November 5, 1854) of the Crimean War, as well as in the Siege of Sevastopol (October 1854 – September 1855).
The plates, executed, as noted on the title page, ‘with the latest improvements in tinted lithography’ show the views of war affected areas in Turkey – environments of Gallipoli and Varna, with a nice folding panorama of the lake of Devna; and the main battle grounds in Crimea – Balaklava, Inkerman and Sevastopol with the surroundings, including a large folding panorama of Sevastopol with its harbour. The interesting views show British encampments and weapon magazines, military barracks in the Korabelnaya harbour of Sevastopol.
Abbey Travel 238.



127. ARAGO, J[acques Etienne Victor] (1790-1855)
Promenade Autour du Monde, Pendant les Annees 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820, sur les Corvettes du Roi l'Uranie et la Physicienne Commandees par M. Freycinet [Narrative of a Voyage Round the World in the Uranie and Physicienne Corvettes Commanded By Captain Freycinet, During the Years 1817, 1818, 1819, 1nd 1820; on a Scientific Expedition Undertaken By Order of the French Government, in a Series of Letters].

Paris: Leblanc, 1822. Author's Presentation First Edition. Octavo 2 vols & Folio Atlas. xxx, 452; [iv], 506 pp. Atlas with a world map and 25 other lithograph plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled boards. Atlas exactly bound to match but marbled papers of text and atlas similar but not exactly the same, otherwise a near fine set.
Author's pencil presentation reads: "'À M.' h' Requin[?] par L'auteur tous deux ans fait partie de cette compagne." The recipient could be M. Requin from Toulon who was a purser (commissaire aux revues) during the expedition and consequently one of Arago’s shipmates.
"The Uranie, with a crew of 125 men under the command of Captain Louis de Freycinet, entered the Pacific from the West to make scientific observations on geography, magnetism, and meteorology. Arago was the artist of the expedition, which visited Western Australia, Timor, Hawaii, and New South Wales. The original ship was wrecked off the Falkland Islands. Two months later the expedition continued aboard the Physicienne, which stopped for a time at Rio de Janeiro. Captain Freycinet's wife, Rose Pinon, was smuggled on board at the advent of the voyage and made the complete journey, causing some discord among the crew. Freycinet named an island he discovered after her - Rose Island among the Samoa islands. These entertaining letters, written in a lively and witty literary style, provide vivid descriptions of the topography and the inhabitants of the Pacific Islands. The book achieved great success" (Hill 28-9). "The Hawaiian portion of the text, contained on more than 150 pages, records impressions of the artist's stops on Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu. Extensive portions of the text also record the Arago impressions of Australia, Guam, and the Marianas Islands. The artist's main interest (as reflected by the plate subjects) are of peoples encountered. Several of the plates record somewhat gruesome aspects of Hawaiian culture" (Forbes 537); Ferguson 850; Sabin 1867.



128. BALDAEUS, Philip (1632-1672)
A Description of ye East India Coasts of Malabar and Cormandel with Their Adjacent Kingdoms & Provinces & of the Empire of Ceylon and of the Idolatry of the Pagans in the East Indies.

London: Henry Lintot and John Osborn, 1732. Second English Edition. Quarto. 323 (499-822) pp. With a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, an engraved title-page, and 37 other full and double-page engravings and many other in text copper engravings. Handsome period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards, raised bands and a red gilt morocco label. A very good copy.
Complete in itself extract out of Churchill's Voyages. "The author was a Dutch missionary in the Malabar and Coromandel Districts. His narrative gives considerable information on the Dutch settlements in Southern India. He bears witness to the ravages of the dreaded Malabar pirates who still infested the western coasts of India" (Cox I, p. 283).
"Baldaeus arrived in Ceylon in 1656 from Batavia with four other pastors and remained on the island until 1665. He immediately assigned himself and one other pastor to Jaffna, the Tamil region in the north of the island, while two more went to Galle and the fourth to Colombo. The pastors set about taking over the churches and schools left by the various Catholic missions and converting their flocks to the 'true Reformed faith.' Baldaeus and his pastors concentrated on the younger members of the community, the older ones being regarded as too entrenched in their Catholic practices. Baldaeus soon acquired a knowledge of Tamil and translated the Ten Commandments, the Lord's Prayer, and the Articles of Faith. In 1658 he was chaplain to the campaigns of Rijcklof van Goens along the coasts of Malabar and Ceylon, but in 1665 his challenge to the authority of Van Goens led to the missionary's sudden removal to Europe" (Howgego B10).



129. BARNIM, Adalbert von (1841-1860) & HARTMANN, Robert (1831-1893)
[Text Volume] Reise des Freiherrn Adalbert von Barnim durch Nord-Ost-Afrika in den Jahren 1859 und 1860 [Travels Through North-East Africa].

Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1863. First Edition. Folio. xvi, 651, xi, 108, [3] pp. Text volume with one lithographed portrait frontispiece, two other lithographed plates, three (two folding) lithographed maps, two wood engraved plates and 26 wood engravings in text. Original publisher's dark green gilt blind stamped cloth. Some scattered mild foxing, rear hinge with small crack, otherwise a very good copy.
"The Party ascended the Nile into Sudan, explored from Old Dongola to Khartoum, then proceeded up the Blue Nile as far as Fazogli on the border of Ethiopia. Von Barnim died during the expedition at Roseres but Hartmann returned to Germany and in 1863 published [this] account of the expedition. Hartmann was appointed professor of zoology at the University of Berlin in 1867" (Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, B17). "In 1859-60 he accompanied Adalbert von Barnim , the son of Adalbert of Prussia (1811-1873) on a mission to northeastern Africa (Egypt, Sudan and Nubia). Here Hartmann performed ethnographical, zoological and geographical studies in the region. On the journey, Adalbert von Barnim became ill and died on June 12, 1860 at Roseires in the Sudan. Hartmann wrote about the expedition in a 1863 treatise called Reisen des Freihern von Barnim durch Nordostafrika" (Wikipedia).



130. BEKE, Charles T[ilstone] (1800-1874)
A Lecture on the Sources of the Nile and on the Means Requisite for their Final Determination. Delivered in the Theatre of the London Institution, on Wednesday, January 20th, 1864;
[With] A Mounted Photograph (8,5x6 cm) of Mr. & Mrs. Beke, ca. 1870, London (Ernest Edwards); With Six Pages of Loose Descriptive Text.

London: Board of Management of the London Institution, 1864. First Edition. Octavo. 35 pp. With three maps, one outline hand colored. Recent gray wrappers. A fine copy.
Very Rare publication as only three copies found in Worldcat. Published after Speke's 'Discovery of the Sources of the Nile.' In this lecture to the London Institution, Beke took issue with Speke's claim that he had discovered the source of the Nile. Beke's counter claims were based on Beke's knowledge gained during his previous journeys to the region. "Beke spent the years 1840 to 1843 travelling in Abyssinia, spending most of his time in the provinces of Shoa and Gojam. His governing concerns were to advance commerce; aid the suppression of the slave trade; and make further geographical discovery, with the elucidation of the sources of the Nile River as his goal.., In the 1860s Beke's lifelong passions again brought him into the public eye. He continued, by lecture and articles, and his Sources of the Nile (1860), to debate the geography of the Nile basin" (Oxford DNB).



131. BELLOT, J[oseph] R[ene] (1826-1853)
Voyage aux Mers Polaires a la Recherche de Sir John Franklin avec une Introduction par M. Paul Boiteau.Nouvelle Edition, illustre par M. Ad. Beaune [Voyage to the Polar Seas in Search of Sir John Franklin with an Introduction by Mr. Paul Boiteau, Ilustrated by Mr. Ad. Beaune].

Paris: Garnier Freres, 1880. Limited New Edition # 19 of 25 on Chinese paper. Quarto. lix, 492 pp. With a wood engraved frontispiece and wood engraved title vignette and many other wood engravings on plates and in text and a folding map. Publishers' original beige pictorial printed wrappers. Covers with some small marginal tears and spine with some chipping of head and foot, otherwise a very good copy.
"Account of the second voyage of the Prince Albert, outfitted and dispatched by Lady Franklin under command of Capt. William Kennedy. Describes the voyage to Prince Regent Inlet, establishment of a base in Batty Bay, Somerset Island; overland trips around the island in Peel Sound region and eastern Prince of Wales Island; Discovery of Bellot Strait. Includes throughout, observations on the ice, animals, and birds seen at sea, the physical features of the country and the climate, with notes on the Eskimos of West Greenland and the Canadian Arctic Islands" (Arctic Bibliography 1304, about the First Edition).
"In February 1852, Kennedy and Bellot set out from their winter quarters in Batty Bay on a dog sledging journey, travelling south to Brentford Bay, where they discovered Bellot Strait (a strait between Boothia Felix and Somerset Island). They then continued west to cross Prince of Wales Island to Ommanney Bay, returning to Batty Bay via Peel Sound and Cape Walker - a total trek of 1,800 km" (Wikipedia).



132. BESSE, Jean-Charles de
[FIRST ASCENT OF MOUNT ELBRUS] Voyage en Crimée, au Caucase, en Géorgie, en Arménie, en Asie-Mineure et à Contantinople, en 1829 et 1830; Pour servir à l’histoire de Hongrie [Travels to Crimea, the Caucasus, Georgia, Armenia, Asia Minor and Constantinople in 1829 and 1830…].

Paris: A , Delaunay, 1838. Signed First Edition by both the Author and the Editor. Octavo. 464 pp. With five lithographed plates and a map, three folding. Period style brown gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with marbled boards. Uncut and with original yellow printed papered wrappers bound in. A near fine copy.
Rare work as only six copies found in Worldcat. A narrative of the first ascent of the lower of the two summits of Elbrus "ascended on 10 July 1829 (Julian calendar) by Khillar Khachirov, a Karachay guide for an Imperial Russian army scientific expedition [which included the author] led by General Emmanuel" (Wikipedia); "First and apparently only edition. The author travelled through the Caucasus in 1829-30 in an attempt to trace the origins of the Magyar people" (Atabey I, 105); Miansarov3043; Salmaslian p.129.
Besse gives an account of the first Russian scientific expedition to Elbrus, in which he also participated in. Organised by the Russian Academy of Sciences, the expedition was led by General Grigory Emmanuel (1775-1837) and included several notable Russian scientists: Adolph-Theodor Kupffer (1799-1865) – geologist and founder of the General Geophysical Observatory in Saint Petersburg; famous physicist Heinrich Friedrich Emil Lenz (1804-1865); first professional entomologist in Russia Édouard Ménétries (1802-1861); and botanist Karl von Meier (1795-1855), later director of the Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The summit team included Kupffer, Lenz, Meier, Ménétries, expedition artist Bernardazzi, together with twenty Cossacks and guides, but a lack of experience forced most of the group to turn back. The final ascent was undertaken by Heinrich Lenz, Cossack Lysenkov and two local guides. At the altitude of 5300 m. Lenz and his two companions had to descend due to a lack of strength, and it was Khillar Khachirov, a Karachay guide who became the first man to summit the eastern peak of Elbrus at 11 am, 10th of July 1829. To celebrate this event, General Emmanuel ordered a commemorating inscription to be made on a stone in the base camp, listing the names of the expedition members, the date of the ascent and finishing with the words "Let this modest stone tell the progeny the names of those who led the way to conquer Elbrus, hitherto considered impregnable!" The picture of the stone was reproduced in Besse’s book. It’s interesting, that the inscription was soon concealed under a layer of lichen and was only re-discovered 103 years later by Soviet mountaineers.



133. BODE, Baron C[lement] A[ugustus] de
Travels in Luristan and Arabistan.

London: J. Madden and Co, 1845. First Edition. Octavo. 2 vols. xx, 404; xii, 398, [1] pp. With fifteen lithographed and wood engraved plates (two folding) and two folding engraved maps. Recent period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and black gilt morocco labels. A very good set.
An important account on Persia with detailed descriptions of the antiquities, archaeological sites and the ancient history of the country. De Bode travelled from Tehran to Isfahan, Persepolis, Shiraz, Kazeroun, Shushtar, Susa, Khorramabad and back to Tehran. "Luristan" (modern "Loristan"), or the land of the Luri people, is a western province of Persia and the main city is Khorramabad. "Arabistan" (modern "Khuzestan") is located in the Eastern Persia and the main city is Ahwaz.
De Bode gives a detailed account of the ancient cities of Persepolis, the ceremonial capital of the Ahaemenid Empire, and Susa which used to be the capital of the legendary civilisation Elam, mentioned in the Bible. In his narrative he describes numerous archaeological sites, lists the names of settlements, describes the history of the local tribes and their manners and customs. As a supplement he published his observations on the routes of Timur and Alexander the Great who crossed south-western Persia during their conquering marches. "It is with the view of rescuing from a second oblivion this once classical ground that the Author has endeavoured to draw aside a corner of the veil which still covers this mysterious region"(Preface).
One of Bode’s advisors whom he acknowledges in the Preface, was a renowned Assyriologist Sir Henry Rawlinson (1810-1895), an expert in Persian and Indian vernacular languages who explored Susiana and Persian Kurdistan and was called by Budge, in The Rise and Progress of Assyriology (1925), "the father of Assyriology" (Oxford DNB). "Clement Augustus de Bode, a member of the Russian legation in Tehran, filled some empty spaces in existing maps" (Howgego 1800-1850, G2). "The author travelled in 1841 from Tehran to Esfahan, Persepolis, Shiraz, Kazeroun, Shushtar, Dezful, Susa, Khorramabad, Boroujerd and back to Tehran. It is mostly a travel book, however, the author gives a good picture of tribal life and especially the political situation in Fars; principally the hostility between the Qashqai tribe which controlled Shiraz. There is also descriptions of historical sites and monuments along the way" (Ghani p. 93).



134. BOSMAN, William (b. 1672)
A New and Accurate Description of the Coast of Guinea, Divided into the Gold, the Slave and the Ivory Coasts. Containing a Geographical, Political and Natural History of the Kingdoms and Countries: With a Particular Account of the Rise, Progress and Present Condition of all the European Settlements upon that Coast; and the Just Measures for Improving the several Branches of the Guinea Trade.

London: J. Knapton et al., 1705. First Edition. Octavo. [viii], 493, [16], [3] pp. With a copper engraved folding map and seven copper engraved plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled panelled full calf with a maroon gilt label. Several sections with some mild browning of text, hinges cracked but holding, otherwise a very good copy.
"Bosman was the chief factor for the Dutch at the Castle of St. George d'Elmina. He gives an omnibus type of description" (Cox I p.368). Bosman was "an employee of the Dutch East India Company and chief Dutch factor at the castle of Elmina. He stayed on the coast for fourteen years, his Voyage de Guinee, published in 1704, being regarded as the first authoritative and detailed account of the West Coast of Africa. It is a major source for the Dutch slave trade during the second half of the Seventeenth century, and provides an interesting picture of international rivalry, current trade, and the wretched depraved existence of the European factors stationed permanently on the coast" (Howgego, F58).
"An account of Dutch commercial activities in West Africa in the form of letters from Bosman to D. Havart in Rotterdam. Bosman was an employee of the Dutch West India Company" (Bell, B396).



135. BURTON, [Sir] Richard F[rancis] (1821-1890)
Abeokuta and the Camaroons Mountains: An Exploration.

London: Tinsley Brothers, 1863. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xiii, 333; v, 306 pp. With five plates, including a photo portrait of Burton as frontispiece. This is likely a remainder edition usually issued without the photograph portrait frontispiece and the map but here with the photographic portrait frontispiece. Original publishers green gilt blind stamped cloth. With library blind stamps on title pages and frontispieces, extremities mildly rubbed, otherwise a good set.
"In November 1861 Burton embarked on a third excursion, visiting the coasts opposite Fernando Po and.., explored the Cameroon Mountains, naming three peaks Mount Isabel, Mount Selim and Mount Milnes" (Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-194 B97).
Burton "was offered the consulship at Fernando Po, a small, unhealthy island in the Bight of Biafra on the west African coast<…> [He] did not permit Isabel to accompany him to Fernando Po, which he described as ‘the very abomination of desolation’. He slipped away from the post at every opportunity for excursions on the African mainland or to meet Isabel in the Canaries or England. Although he loathed Fernando Po, he worked continuously at his writing with Wanderings in West Africa (2 vols.) and Abeokuta and the Cameroons Mountains (2 vols.), both appearing in 1863. Two Trips to Gorilla Land and the Cataracts of the Congo (2 vols.), though written in 1862, was not published until 1876. He also compiled a collection of aphorisms, Wit and Wisdom of West Africa (1865). The most remarkable of his exploits during this time was a mission to Dahomey, where he was instructed to take diplomatic measures to suppress the slave trade. He was there during, though he did not actually witness, the human sacrifices that he described in A Mission to Gelele, King of Dahome (2 vols., 1864). In August 1864 he returned to England on home leave" (Oxford DNB).
Burton was a member of the first European party to climb Mt. Cameroon. The portrait frontispiece is worth noting both because it is early for a photographic frontispiece and because, as Penzer says, portraits of the author rarely appear in his works. Penzer 70.



136. CAPELLO, H[ermenegildo] (1841-1917) & IVENS, R[oberto] (1850-1898)
De Benguella ás terras de Jácca descripção de una viagem na Africa central e occidental Comprehendendo narracões, aventuras e estudos importantes sobre as cabeceiras dos rios Cu-nene, Cu-bango, Lu-ando, Cu-anza e Cu-ango, e de grande parte do curso dos dois ultimos; alem da descoberta dos rios Hamba, Canali, Sussa e Cu-gho, e larga noticia sobre as terras de Quiteca N'bungo, Sosso, Futa e Iácca por H. Capello e R. Ivens : Expedição organisada nos annos de 1877-1880.
[From Benguella to the Territory of Yacca. Description of a journey into central and west Africa. Comprising narratives, adventures, and important surveys of the sources of the River Cunene, Cubango, Luando, Cuanza and Cunago, and of great part of the course of the two latter; together with the discovery of the River Hamba, Cauali, Sussa, and Cugho, and a detailed account of the territories of Quiteca N'bungo, sosso, Futa, and Yacca... Expedition organized in the years 1877-1880].

Lisboa: Imprenta Nacional, 1881. First Edition. Large Octavo, 2 vols. xviii, 379; xii, 391 +[24] pp. With many illustrations and maps on plates and in text. Original publishers period brown pictorial gilt cloth. Recased, otherwise a very good set.
The expedition was part of the attempt by Portugal to establish sovereignty over a corridor linking the territories of Angola and Mozambique. It forms a companion to the account of Serpa Pinto, who set out on his own expedition after parting in disagreement with Capello and Ivens. This present account being an important survey of the sources of the Rivers Cunene, Cubango, Luando, Cuanza, and Cuango, and also discussing the discovery of the River Hamba, Cauali, Sussa, and Cugho, as well as giving a detailed account of the Territories of Quiteca N'bungo, Sosso, Futa, and Yacca. Capello "was selected to direct a scientific expedition to carry out a survey of the relationship betwenn the watersheds of the Congo and Zambezi rivers and to determine the course of the major tributaries" (Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, C8).



137. CASTRÉN, Matthias Alexander (1813-1853)
An Important Collection Containing Three Major Works: Nordiska Resor och Forskningar (6 vols.); With: Dissertatio Academica de Affinitate Declinationum in Lingua Fennica, Esthonica et Lapponica; With: Rese-Anteckningar i Sibirien [Nordic Travels and Researches; With: Academic Dissertation about Affinities of Declination in Finnish; With: Estonian and Lapland Languages; With Travel Notes in Siberia].

Helsingfors: Finska Litteratursällskapets Tryckeri, 1852-1870. First Edition. Large Octavo, 8 vols. With a lithographed portrait frontispiece, two other lithographed plates and two lithographed maps. Period papered boards, publishers printed papered boards, period paper wrappers, all housed in a custom made grey papered clam-shell box with a printed paper label. A very good set.
Printed in Swedish and Latin (the dissertation).
First set includes: Reseminnen från åren 1838-1844; Reseberättelser och bref åren 1845-1849; Föreläsningar i Finsk Mytologi; Ethnologiska Föreäsningar öfver Altaiska Folken: samt Samojediska och Tatariska Sagor; Smärre Afhandlingar och Akademiska Dissertationer; Tillfålliga Uppsatser [Travel Memoirs, 1838-1844; Travel Journals and Letters, 1845-1849; Lectures in Finnish Mythology; Ethnological Lectures about the Altaic Peoples: and Samoyedic and Tatar Fairy Tales; Small Essays and Academic Dissertations; Miscellaneous Essays].
Helsingfors: Finska Litteratursällskapets Tryckeri (vols. Iv-vi – in Kejserliga Alexanders-Universitetet i Finland), 1852-1870. First Edition. In Swedish. Large Octavo, 6 vols. [8], 320, [5]; xii, 463, [2 - errata]; [12], 332; xviii, [1 - half title], 284, [1 - errata]; viii, 293, [1 - errata]; lxxviii, [1 - blank], 160, [3] pp. Vols. 1-5 in period blue papered boards with lithographed heraldic bookplates on first pastedown endpapers; also owner’s ink inscriptions on first free endpapers (in Swedish). Vol. 6 in publishers' printed papered boards.
With: Dissertatio Academica de Affinitate Declinationum in Lingua Fennica, Esthonica et Lapponica. Helsingforiaes: Typis Frenckellianis, 1839. In Latin. Duodecimo. [2], 67, [1 - errata] pp. Period pink paper wrappers. Castrén’s first separately published work.
With: Rese-Anteckningar i Sibirien. Rare offprint of the article in: "Suomi" magazine. In Swedish. 1846. Octavo. 62 pp. Period brownish paper wrappers.
Our collection contains Castrén’s first separately published work - his dissertation on Finnish linguistics which was prepared after his first travel to Lapland (in 1838) and defended in the Imperial Alexander University of Finland in 1839. There is also a rare offprint about his travels across Siberia in 1845-1849 undertaken with the aim to research Siberian languages.



138. CHAPPE D'AUTEROCHE, l'Abbe Jean (1722-1769)
Voyage en Sibérie, fait par ordre du roi en 1761; contenant les moeurs, les usages des Russes, et l'etat actuel de cette puissance; la description géographique & le nivellement de la route de Paris à Tobolsk; l'histoire naturelle de la même route; des observations astronomiques, & des expériences sur l'électricité naturelle: enrichi de cartes géographiques, de plans, de profils du terrein; de gravures qui représentent les usages des Russes, leurs moeurs, leurs habillements, les divinités des Calmouks, & plusieurs morceaux d'histoire naturelle. Par M. l'abbé Chappe d'Auteroche.
[A Journey into Siberia, made by order of the King of France... containing an Account of the Manners and Customs of the Russians, the Present State of Their Empire: with the Natural History, and Geographical Description of Their Country, the Level of the Road from Paris to Tobolsky];
[With]: Contenant la Description du Kamtchatka... Par M. Kracheninnikov [The History of Kamtschatka, and the Kurilski Islands, with the countries adjacent].

Paris: Debure, 1768. First Edition. Text: 2 vols. in 3 Small Folio & Elephant Folio Atlas. [iv], xxx, [ii], 347; [iv], 347-777; xvi, 627, [i], [ii], [ii]. Engraved frontispiece, 3 engraved maps, 53 engraved plates, some folding, 1 engraved table, and engraved title vignettes, after Moreau le Jeune and Le Prince; atlas volume with engraved frontispiece index and 30 engraved maps, many folding, some hand-coloured in outline. The text volume in period brown elaborately gilt tooled mottled full calf with maroon gilt morocco labels and atlas in period green gilt titled full vellum. Atlas with some mild foxing, otherwise a very good set in very original condition.
This work has "splendid and accurate engravings and.., [gives a] powerful description of manners and character" (Cox I p.352). "This work deserves attention for its attractive and accurate engravings, and for its forthright and sometimes provocative descriptions of Russian manners and character. Certain of these descriptions inspired the publication of an indignant rebuttal, sometimes attributed to Catherine the Great. Chappe d'Auteroche was a French priest and astronomer, who travelled to Siberia to observe the transit of Venus in 1761. The present work includes meteorological observations, descriptions of the climate, animals, birds, and insects, notes on the iron ore, copper, and gold mines, etc. Chappe d'Auteroche's translation of Stepan Petrovich Krasheninnikov's description of Kamchatka from the first Russian edition of 1755.., His translation of Krasheninnikov's Kamchatka contains considerable material on Alaska and the northwest coast of America" (Hill 277).
"In 1761, by the order of the king of France, and by arrangement with Catherine II, he undertook an expedition into Siberia to observe the transit of Venus. From Paris he reached St. Petersburg, then sledged to Tobolsk, where in June 1761 the transit was duly observed. The expedition carried out a large number of scientific measurements en route, and reported on the geography of the region and the customs of its inhabitants" (Howgego C101).



139. CHARDIN, John, Sir (1643-1713)
[Voyages of Chevalier Chardin in Persia, and other places of the East…] Voyages du Chevalier Chardin, en Perse, et autres lieux de l’Orient, enrichis d’un grand nombre de belles figures en taille-douce, représentant les Antiquités et les choses remarquables du pays. Nouvelle édition, soigneusement conférée sur les trois éditions originales, augmentée d’une Notice de la Perse, depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu’à ce jour, de Notes, etc. Par L. Langlès.

Paris: Le Normant, Imprimeur-Libraire, 1811. New and Best Edition. Octavo, 10 vols. & folio Atlas. xlviii, 452; [iv], 463; [iv],464; [iv],464; [iv],500; [iv], 496; [iv], 492; [iv], 519; [iv], 573; [iv], 430 pp. Text with several in text copper engraved vignettes; Atlas with 85 engravings on 64 sheets (9 folding), including 1 map, portrait of Chardin, 18 sheets with double-illustrations and 1 sheet with 4. Text in 19th century dark brown gilt tooled quarter morocco with marbled boards. Atlas in more recent lighter brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. Text with stamps on half titles and titles, otherwise a very good set.
Best and most desirable edition enhanced with new and larger plates and by the notes of the orientalist Louis-Mathieu Langlès (1763-1824) and "conservator of the oriental manuscripts at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Napoleonic France" (Wikipedia). "Chardin's classic account of life and society in Persia, complete with new plates, co-incided with renewed French imperial ambitions, aimed at rivalling the British possessions in India" (Christies).
"Chardin was a Huguenot who was forced to emigrate to England. He was knighted by Charles II and on his death was buried in Westminster Abbey. His first visit to the East was made in 1665, at the age of twenty-two, when he both gratified a love of travelling and carried on his trade as a dealer in jewels. His more important voyage was made in 1671. His route differed from that usually taken by travellers to the East Indies in that he proceeded by way of the Black Sea and the countries bordering thereon. His account of the Persian court and of his business transactions with the shah are of great interest. Sir William Jones regarded his narrative as the best yet published on the Mohammedan nations" (Cox I p 249-250).
"Chardin set out for Persia for a second time in August 1671, but on this occasion diverted through Smyrna and Constantinople, and took the Black Sea Route to Caucasia, Mingrelia and Georgia, finally arriving at Esfahan in June 1673. In Georgia he heard of a race of warlike women, the Amazons, who had at some time in the recent past invaded a kingdom to the northwest. He remained in Persia for four years, as he says 'chiefly following the court in its removals, but also making some particular journeys.., as well as studying the language.' He apparently knew Esfahan better than Paris, and visited nearly every part of the country. His account of the Persian court and his business transactions with the shah are of considerable interest. In 1677 he proceeded to India, afterwards returning to France by way of the Cape of Good Hope" (Howgego C102). “His second and more notable voyage to Persia, is important because it is in the account of this voyage that he describes life in late Safavid Persia" (Ghani p. 71).



140. COOK, Captain James (1728-1779) & KING, Captain James (bap. 1750, d. 1784)
A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean; Undertaken by Command of His Majesty, for Ma king Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere: Performed Under the direction of Captains Cook, Clerke, and Gore in the Years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, 1780. Being a Copious, Comprehensive, and Satisfactory Abridgement of the Voyage.

London: Stockdale, Scatcherd, Whitaker, Fielding and Hardy, 1784. First Octavo Edition. Octavo, 4 vols. xii, 370; xii, 359; xii, 400; xii, 310 + [35] index [24] subscribers pp. With a total of fifty-one copper engraved maps and plates, some large and folding. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Bindings worn and volume one with cracked hinges, but overall still a very good set in very original condition.
"Cook's third voyage was organized to seek the Northwest Passage and to return Omai to Tahiti. Officers of the crew included William Bligh, James Burney, James Colnett, and George Vancouver. John Webber was appointed artist to the expedition. After calling at Kerguelen Island, Tasmania, New Zealand, and the Cook, Tonga, and Society Islands, the expedition sailed north and discovered Christmas Island and the Hawaiian Islands, which Cook named the Sandwich Islands. Cook charted the American west coast from Northern California through the Bering Strait as far north as latitude 70'' 44' before he was stopped by pack ice. He returned to Hawaii for the winter and was killed in an unhappy skirmish with the natives over a boat. Charles Clerke took command, and after he died sic months later, the ships returned to England under John Gore. Despite contemporary English hostilities with the United States and France, the scientific nature of this expedition caused the various governments to exempt these vessels from capture. The voyage resulted in what Cook judged his most valuable discover – the Hawaiian Islands" (Hill 361, about the First Edition).
"This abridged account is preferred by some readers because, the nautical and technical parts having been deleted, the work reads more like an adventure" (Hill 362); "This Edition had a very wide circulation and is notable for its extensive index" (Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 69). Lada-Mocarski 37 (First Edition).



141. COOK, Captain James (1728-1779) & KING, Captain James (bap. 1750, d. 1784)
A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, undertaken by the Command of His Majesty, for Making Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere. To determine the Position and Extent of the West Side of North America; its Distance from Asia; and the Practicality of a Northern Passage to Europe. Performed under the direction of Captains Cook, Clerke, and Gore, In His Majesty's Ships the Resolution and Discovery, In the years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, and 1780.

London: H. Hughs for G. Nicol and T. Cadell, 1785. Second Edition, Extra Illustrated. Quarto, 3 vols. & Folio Atlas. [x], xcvi, 421; [xii], 549; [xi], 548, [1] pp. Atlas with 87 maps and plates, including two large and folding maps. Plus two extra illustrations: portraits of Cook and King by Webber engraved by Bartolozzi. Very handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled treed full calf with red and green gilt labels. Spines with some cracks, otherwise a very good set in very original condition.
"Cook's third voyage was organized to seek the Northwest Passage and to return Omai to Tahiti. Officers of the crew included William Bligh, James Burney, James Colnett, and George Vancouver. John Webber was appointed artist to the expedition. After calling at Kerguelen Island, Tasmania, New Zealand, and the Cook, Tonga, and Society Islands, the expedition sailed north and discovered Christmas Island and the Hawaiian Islands, which Cook named the Sandwich Islands. Cook charted the American west coast from Northern California through the Bering Strait as far north as latitude 70'' 44' before he was stopped by pack ice. He returned to Hawaii for the winter and was killed in an unhappy skirmish with the natives over a boat. Charles Clerke took command, and after he died sic months later, the ships returned to England under John Gore. Despite contemporary English hostilities with the United States and France, the scientific nature of this expedition caused the various governments to exempt these vessels from capture. The voyage resulted in what Cook judged his most valuable discover – the Hawaiian Islands" (Hill 361, about the First Edition).
"The second quarto edition, printed by H. Hughs rather than by W. And A. Strahan, with the wording of the title page altered and the three-column text completely reset. A distinguishing feature of the second quarto edition is the addition of engraved vignettes of the Royal Society Medal to the title pages.., The second edition of Cook's Third Voyage is considered typographically superior to the first edition" (Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 85); "This long-delayed official account of the third voyage was so eagerly awaited by the public that it was sold out on the third day after publication" (Holmes 47); Lada-Mocarski 37 (First Edition).



142. COOKE, Lt-Col A.C. (compiler at the Topographical & Statistical Department of the War Office)
Routes in Abyssinia.

London: HMSO, 1867. First Edition With a Signed Letter by Colonel Hozier. Folio. [iv], 252 pp. With a large folding map, coloured in outline (by E G Ravenstein), smaller folding map by Keith Johnstone) Period style navy gilt tooled half straight-grained morocco with navy cloth boards. A very good copy.
A particularly interesting work produced at the time of the Abyssinian Campaign reviewing the different routes of exploration taken up to that date in Abyssinia, beginning with the 1541 Portuguese Expedition and continuing with the routes taken by Salt, Pearce, Ferret et Galinier, Mansfield Parkyn, Munzinger, Merewether, Harris, D'Hericourt, Isenberg & Krapf, Coffin, Hamilton, Bruce, Beke, Combes & Tamisler, Mendez, Lefebvre, and Steudner. The last twenty pages describe and discuss the Line of Advance of the British Expedition. Also, a detailed description of Abyssinia is given and the large folding map is most likely the most detailed and accurate map of the country to that date.
With an Autograph Letter Signed ‘Colonel Sir Henry Montague Hozier' to Mr. Carruthers (William Carruthers botanist and keeper of the Botanical Department at the Natural History Museum from 1871 to 1895) looking forward to visiting the museum at South Kensington, dated the Netherton Meigle 26 September no year given. Colonel Sir Henry Montague Hozier (1838-1907) was author of 'The British Expedition to Abyssinia'. "While serving as assistant military secretary to Lord Napier of Magdala on the Abyssinian expedition (1867), [Hozier] was again engaged by The Times as a war correspondent" (Oxford DNB).



143. CORDEYRO, Antonio S.J. (1641-1722)
[History of Portugal's Atlantic Islands..,] Historia Insulana das Ilhas a Portugal Sugeytas no Oceano Occidental.., Para a confirmaçam dos bons costumes, assim moraes, como sobrenaturaes, dos nobres antepassados Insulanos, nos presentes, e futuros Descendentes seus, & só para a salvação de suas almas, & mayor gloria de Deos.

Lisboa: Antonio Pedrozo Galram, 1717. First Edition. Folio. [xvi], 528 pp. With woodcut vignette on title-page, woodcut headpieces, tailpieces and initials. Handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep. Title page with repaired upper right corner, not affecting text, rear cover with some repaired cut marks, otherwise a very good copy in very original condition.
Important history of Portugal's Atlantic islands, covering the prehistory and ancient history (including rumors that they were Atlantis) of the Canary Islands, Cabo Verde, Madeira (including Porto Santo), the Azores (sections on Santa Maria, São Miguel, Ilha Terceira, São Jorge, Graciosa, Fayal, Pico, Flores, and Corvo). The author, a Jesuit, was a native of Angra on the island of Terceira in the Azores. He died at the Collegio de Sancto Antão in Lisbon.
"This work is an important source for the history and description of the Azores, Terceira in particular. Much of the material is derived from the Saudades da terra of Caspar Frutuoso. There are also chapters describing the Canaries, Cape Verde islands and Madeira, as well as some references to Brazil and the Americas. The section on Madeira includes an account of the introduction of sugarcane from Sicily, and the development of the industry. This declined with the gradual depletion of wood-fuel stocks and then moved first to Sao Tom, and then to Brazil" (Sotheby's). "A history of Portuguese exploration, colonization, and colonial administration in the islands of the Canary, Madeira, Azores, and Cape Verde groups" (Bell C619); Innocêncio I, 114; Sabin 16759.



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strong>144. CORNISH, J.
The Grand Junction and the Liverpool and Manchester Railway Companion: containing an account of Birmingham, Liverpool, and Manchester, and all the towns on or near the line : together with every thing worthy of the attention and notice of the traveller on the line, the company's charges from one station to another, with their regulations, time of departure & arrival of each train, &c. &c., with accurate engravings of the line of road a section of the line, &c.
Birmingham: J. Cornish, 1837. First Edition. Duodecimo. 110 + errata slip pp. With a folding engraved route map with an illustration of the train and a folding fare table. Original gray printed wrappers. A very good copy.
"Authorised by Parliament in 1833 and designed by George Stephenson and Joseph Locke, the Grand Junction Railway opened for business on 4 July 1837, running for 82 miles (132 km) from Birmingham through Wolverhampton (via Perry Barr and Bescot), Stafford, Crewe, and Warrington, then via the existing Warrington and Newton Railway to join the Liverpool and Manchester Railway at a triangular junction at Newton Junction. The GJR established its chief engineering works at Crewe, moving there from Edge Hill, in Liverpool.
Shortly after opening with a temporary Birmingham terminus at Vauxhall, services were routed to and from Curzon Street station, which it shared with the London and Birmingham Railway (LBR) whose platforms were adjacent, providing a link between Liverpool, Manchester and London. The route between Curzon Street station and Vauxhall primarily consisted of the Birmingham Viaduct. It consisted of 28 arches, each 31 feet (9.4 m) wide and 28 feet (8.5 m) tall and crossed the River Rea" (Wikipedia).
Ottley 6452.



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strong>145. COSTA, Diogo da
Relaçam das Guerras da India Desde o Anno de 1736 até o de 1740. [Relation of the Wars in India from 1736 until 1740].
Porto: Antonio Pedroso Coimbra, 1741. First Edition. Octavo. [20] pp. Period style brown gilt tooled full sheep. Without spine label, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare work with only eleven copies found in Worldcat. This is an account of the three years war between Portuguese troops and the Marathas around Baçaim (Bassein) near Bombay (Mumbai). The Marathas attacked several Portuguese outposts in 1736. However, this work concentrates on the battle for Baçaim, an important Portuguese trading post on the west coast of India that fell to the Maratha in 1738. After careful planning, Chimnaji Appa led a Maratha army into the Portuguese occupied territories in 1737. Chimnaji's strategy was to go for the weakest link in the chain to the strongest, thereby progressively weakening the Portuguese. "On March 28, 1737 Maratha forces attacked the fort and surprised the Portuguese who were caught with their guard down. The Portuguese retreated and gave up the fort" (Wikipedia). After four years of war the Portuguese finally surrendered. "Portuguese Captain Caetano de Souza Pereira signed the surrender as most of the top army officers were already dead. Chimnaji was magnanimous in victory, and surviving Portuguese were given a safe passage" (Wikipedia).



146. CRAWFURD, John (1783-1868)
Letters from British Settlers in the Interior of India, Descriptive of Their Own Condition, and that of the Native Inhabitants Under the Government of the East India Company. With Notes.

London: James Ridgway, 1831. First Edition. Octavo. 98 pp. Period brown silk cloth with paper label on spine. Some minor bubbling of the cloth and text with some foxing to margins, otherwise a very good copy.
A collection of twenty-six letters from planters and settlers in the Indian provinces put before the Select Committee of the House of Commons inquiring into their relations with native inhabitants. Although they were rejected as evidence due to their anonymity, they provide a fascinating record of the state of British India as experienced by settlers. "The present publication <...> will be found to contain some of the most authentic and valuable information on the actual state of British India ever submitted to the public" (the Preface). The letters include information about indigo plantations of English settlers and their territorial conflicts with locals, about land taxes, British colonial administration and justice, the state of the police, and on the character and condition of the people.
The editor John Crawfurd, who acted as a general agent of the parties in England, was a prominent orientalist and colonial administrator. He served in the East India Company in India, Java, Siam, Vietnam, Burma and Singapore. Crawfurd was the author of several books on South-East Asia and was considered the pioneer of the study of geology in the region (Oxford DNB).



147. CUNNINGHAM, Alexander (1814-1893)
Ladakh: Physical, Statistical and Historical With Notices of the Surrounding Countries.

London: Wm. H. Allen & Co., 1854. First Edition. Large Octavo. [xiv], 485 pp. With a large linen backed folding map and 31 plates (17 colored). Handsome period style red gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with marbled boards. Apparent binders flaw bound without pages 397-408 (replaced with high quality facsimiles on matching paper) otherwise a very good copy.
"The author travelled the border of the country between Ladakh and Tibet in 1846. In 1847 and 1848, moreover he travelled, accompanied with H. Strachey and Thomas Thomson, the most part of Zanskar, Rupshu and Eastern Ladakh, and many lands of Baltistan" (Yakushi C400).
"In 1845 the British acquired control over the small mountain states of Kulu, Lahul and Spiti, located to the north of Simla, bordering on Tibet. In the following year the military engineer and amateur archaeologist Alexander Cunningham carried out a preliminary survey of the watershed between these states and Ladakh, with object of defining a frontier. In 1847 the British Government in India extended its interest to the boundary between Ladakh and Tibet, appointing Cunningham, along with Thomas Thomson and Lieutenant Henry Strachey, as boundary commissioners. Cunningham and Strachey joined Thomson in Simla in the summer and departed on 2.8.47 to follow the Sutjey Valley to Spiti and thence to Hanle in Ladakh by a round-about route over the passes of Lanak and Parang" (Howgego 1800-1850, T7).



148. DA SILVA CASTRO, Francisco
Apontamentos Para a Historia do Cholera-morbus no Pará em 1855. Offerecidos a’ Junta Central d’Hygiene Publica do Rio de Janeiro [Notes for the History of the Cholera decease in Para in 1855, Offered to the Central Board of Public Hygiene in Rio de Janeiro].

Pará [Brazil]: Typ. De Santos & Filhos, 1855. Author's Presentation First Edition. Octavo. 34, [2], [77] pp. With two folding statistical tables. Author’s presentation inscription to ‘Il[ustrisi]mo Señ[o]r Joaquim Maria Ozorio’ on verso of the title page. Original publisher’s light green wrappers with decorative borders. Wrappers worn, with tears and chips, overall a good copy.
Very rare as only one copy found in Worldcat.
A detailed overview of the history of cholera epidemic in the Pará district of northern Brazil by a local ‘eminent physician’ and statesman Francisco da Silva Castro (see: Da Silva Lima, J.F. Medicinal plants indigenous at Pará useful in dysentery and diarrhoea// The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal. New Series. Vol. III. Boston, 1869. P. 110). The book contains the history of the epidemic and recommendations on the medical treatment of cholera, supplemented with the reproduction of the official correspondence, statistics of the death cases in 1852-1855 (number of people buried at the Soledade cemetery), with the indication of the diseases which caused deaths (cholera, yellow fever or other), and numbers of victims among adults and children. Two folding statistical plates at rear showcase the meteorological observations made in the Pará’s capital Belem in 1845-49.
Our copy in the original publisher’s wrappers contains the author’s presentation inscription to Joaquim Maria Ozorio, a police officer in the Pará district (Subdelegacia de Nazareth, see: Almanak do Pará, 1888, p. 123).
Francisco da Silva Castro was a medical doctor, president of the Pará Commission of public health, deputy of the provincial Legislative Assembly; he also published a work on the medical use of the paracary plant (Observações sobre o vegetal paracary, e suas applicaçoens therapéuticas; Pará, 1860) and an interesting geographical description of a journey from Belem to Villa Bella in Matto Grosso region of Brazil (Roteiro chorographico (inedito) da viagem que se costuma fazer da cidade de Belem do Grão-Pará para a Villa-bella de Matto-grosso; Pará, 1857).
See also: González Pizarro J. A. [Article in Spanish]. [Dr. Francisco da Silva Castro, the paracary plant and the recognition of the Spanish crown for his medical work] //Asclepio. 1988. # 40. pp. 395-403. Sabin 11451.



149. DALZEL, Archibald (1740-1818)
The History of Dahomy, an Inland Kingdom of Africa; Compiled from Authentic Memoirs: with an Introduction and Notes.

London: T. Spilsbury and Son, 1793. First Edition, Rare Thick Paper Edition. Quarto. xxxi, [i]+xxvi, [iv] 230 pp. With a folding engraved frontispiece map, and six copper engraved plates. Handsome period style dark brown elaborately gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a maroon gilt label. Some minor foxing, otherwise a very good copy.
"The official situation which the author held gave him opportunities of gaining much valuable information, the accuracy of which may be depended upon" (Cox I p.392).
"Dalziel was stationed at Anoumabu on the Gold Coast, and on account of his meagre salary turned to slave trading… In 1767 he became director of the English fort at Ouidah in the kingdom of Dahomey. Trading with the nearby Dutch and Portuguese, he accumulated capital. However, he aspired to retire in affluence in England, and he departed Ouidah in 1770, made a slave voyage to the West Indies, and returned to England in 1771, possessed of about £2000. Less affluent than he had anticipated, Dalziel continued in the slave trade. He bought three slave ships, Little Archie, Hannah, and Nancy, and prospered until 1778, when he lost his capital to American privateers. That autumn he declared bankruptcy and altered his name from Dalziel to Dalzel.
During the ensuing thirteen years Dalzel attempted piracy and served as captain of a slave ship, employed by London and Liverpool merchants. The African Committee of Liverpool called him to testify to the privy council in April 1788 when it heard evidence about the slave trade. His testimony minimized mortality on slave ships, asserted that slaves were well fed, and claimed that, while changes in slave ship construction were not necessary, some regulations on behalf of slaves and crew might be adopted. The abolitionist William Wilberforce quoted from Dalzel's testimony in the House of Commons in May 1789: ‘the trade, says Mr Dalzel, at this time hangs upon a thread, and the smallest matter will overthrow it’ (Rawley, 321).
In 1791 the Company of Merchants Trading to Africa appointed Dalzel governor at Cape Coast Castle, its headquarters on the Gold Coast. In this capacity he resisted Danish efforts to expand territorial possessions and Dutch efforts to monopolize the Portuguese trade. He unsuccessfully urged that the British west African stations be made colonial territories. During the years 1797-1803 the London ship Governor Dalzel made successive voyages from Cape Coast to American destinations.
While Dalzel was in Africa his The History of Dahomy was published in London in 1793. He drew in part on his experience, but also on William Snelgrave's A New Account of Guinea (1754), Robert Norris's Memoirs of the Reign of Bossa Ahadee, King of Dahomy (1789), and others. His History was both a historical compilation and propaganda against abolition of the slave trade. He argued that the slave trade saved African victims from human sacrifice and slaughter. He also sought to exonerate Europeans from charges that they incited African wars to secure slaves, asserting that Africans had long engaged in wars among themselves. Although it is based on borrowed sources and is biased, the History remains important for its contents, pleasant style, and influence" (Oxford DNB).



150. DAVIS, John King (1884-1967)
With the 'Aurora' in the Antarctic 1911-1914.

London: Andrew Melrose, Ltd., 1919. First Edition. Quarto. xxi, 183 pp. With a portrait frontispiece, many other photo illustrations on plates, maps and diagrams in text and a large folding map. Original publishers navy pictorial gilt cloth. Spine with expertly removed label, otherwise a very good copy.
"Mawson and Davis became closely acquainted during Shackleton's 1907-9 expedition, and Mawson later recruited Davis to be Captain of the Aurora on the 1911-14 Australasian Antarctic Expedition. "With the 'Aurora' in the Antarctic" is Davis' account with a history of the ship from its construction in 1876. Much of the expedition narrative consists of brief entries by date, different than Davis' private log later published in Trial by Ice" (Rosove 87); Conrad p. 205. "Discovered and explored King George V Land and Queen Mary Land, which were claimed for the British Crown at Cape Denison" (Headland 1789); Howgego 1850-1940, Polar Regions M28; Spence 354.



151. DE FILIPPI, Filippo [H.R.H. Prince Luigi Amedeo of Savoy, Duke of the Abruzzi]
(1873-1933)

Il Ruwenzori. Viaggio Di Esplorazione e Prime Ascensioni Delle Piu Alte Vette Nella Catena Nevosa Situata Fra I Grandi Laghi Equatoriali Dell' Africa Centrale [With] Il Ruwenzori Parte Scientifica: Geologia, Petrografia, E Mineralogia. [With] Camerano, Lorenzo; Estratto Dal Volume 1 Dell'Opera Il Ruwenzore Relazione Scientifische (five parts in one), Presentation Copy from the Author to the last King of Italy, Victtorio Emanuele III, with the King's book plate. [Ruwenzori: An Account of the Expedition of H.R.H. Prince Luigi Amedeo of Savoy, Duke of the Abruzzi].
Milano: Ulrico Hoepli, 1908-9. First Editions. Quarto, 3 vols. xii, 360; xix, [iv], 286; 66, 22, 10, 6, 35 pp. With a color frontispiece, 25 photogravures and five panoramas (four folding) by Vittorio Sella, numerous black & white illustrations from photographs, two folding diagrams, six folding maps including five in color, and 54 (plates 11 and 12 of the third part not bound in) illustrations on plates. Original blue cloth. Third volume period light brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. The first two volumes housed in a matching slipcase. A very good set.
"An account of the expedition of H.R.H. Prince Luigi Amadeo of Savoy, Duke of the Abruzzi. Classic reference work on this tropical range; the expedition succeeded in climbing all the principal peaks" (Neate F27). The second of the Duke's major expeditions.
The Ruwenzori, Ptolemy's 'Mountain of the Moon', had never been seriously attempted before this remarkable expedition made the first ascents of this mountain group in central Africa between Lake Albert and Lake Edward on the boundary between Uganda and Zaire. With the rare second and third volumes of scientific data. Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, F11.



152. DOUGLAS, James, Sir (1803-1888)
[GOLD MINING REGULATIONS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA] [Leaflet Titled]: Rules and Regulations, Issued in Conformity with the Gold Fields Act, 1859.

Victoria B.C.: 24 February, 1863. 4 pp. On a folded double folio leaf (ca. 29,5x20 cm (11 ½ x 8 in) with the Royal Arms of the British Empire. Leaflet with minor foxing, corners creased where once turned down, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare leaflet with only thirteen copies found in Worldcat. This leaflet contains the latest changes to the ‘Rules’ issued to make them consistent with legislation passed in 1859-63.
The Gold Fields Act 1859 became the earliest regulation of mining in British Columbia and was issued during the height of Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. It implemented the appointment of two gold commissioners who registered claims, issued licenses and adjudicated disputes with the advice and aid of elected district mining boards.
"The Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, (also Fraser Gold Rush and Fraser River Gold Rush) began in 1858 after gold was discovered on the Thompson River in British Columbia at its confluence with the Nicoamen River. This was a few miles upstream from the Thompson's confluence with the Fraser River at present-day Lytton. The rush overtook the region around the discovery, and was centered on the Fraser Canyon from around Hope and Yale to Pavilion and Fountain, just north of Lillooet.
Though the rush was largely over by 1860, miners from the rush spread out and found a sequence of other gold rushes throughout the British Columbia Interior and North, most famously that in the Cariboo. The rush is credited with instigating European-Canadian settlement on the mainland of British Columbia. It was the catalyst for the founding of the Colony of British Columbia, the building of early road infrastructure, and the founding of many towns" (Wikipedia).



153. DREW, Frederick (1836-1891)
The Northern Barrier of India. A Popular Account of the Jummoo and Kashmir Territories.

London: Edward Stanford, 1877. First Edition. Octavo. x, [i], 336 pp. With three mounted woodbury type photographs of Kashmiris, wood-engravings in text., three maps on two folding sheets. Very handsome period blue elaborately gilt tooled polished school prize binding full calf with red gilt morocco label. A fine copy.
"In February 1862, following representations by the British military commander of the Punjab and the mediation of Sir Roderick Murchison, Drew resigned the geological survey to enter the service of the maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, Ranbir Singh. He was initially engaged in a mineral reconnaissance of the territories, was then charged with the management of the forest department, and finally, in 1871, was appointed vizier (governor) of the province of Ladakh. In addition, he probably acted unofficially as a British political agent, providing intelligence on a state on India's northern frontier which was considered to be of great strategic importance as a bulwark against Russian expansion. He acquired a detailed knowledge of the geology, topography, and anthropology of the country, which he employed in his major work, The Jummoo and Kashmir Territories: a Geographical Account (1875), which was written following his return to London in 1872. In 1877 he published an abridged, popular account under the title The Northern Barrier of India" (Oxford DNB).
According to Peter Hopkirk, it was Frederic Drew who was in charge of the recovering of George Hayward's body in the Darkot village in the foothills of the Pamir Mountains. Hayward (1839-1870) was a British explorer who had been murdered during his expedition to Pamir, during one of the most tense phases of the Great Game (The Great Game, 2006, p.345-346).
"The author made a stay in Kashmir for nine years between 1862 and 1871, and travelled widely in its country. And he discovered how G. Hayward was killed in 1870, and found the burial site" (Yakushi D327).



154. DUHAUT-CILLY, Auguste (1790-1849)
Viaggio Intorno al Globo Principalmente alla California ed alle Isole Sandwich negli anni 1826, 1827, 1828 e 1829 con l'aggiunta Delle Osservazoni Sugli Abitanti di Quei Paesi di Paolo Emilio Botta traduzione di Carlo Botta [Voyage around the World, Principally to California and the Sandwich Islands...].

Torino: Fontana, 1841. First Edition. Octavo, 2vols. xvi, 296; 392 pp. With four wood engravings on plates. Original publisher's beige printed papered wrappers housed in a custom made black gilt tooled quarter morocco clam shell box with marbled boards. Wrappers with some repair, otherwise a very good set.
"This commercial enterprise, although a financial failure, resulted in the first foreign account of Spanish California by a literate and observant French Trader, who, while trying to sell his goods, visited most of the missions, presidios, and pueblos of Alta California, and wrote the best contemporary account of the region. He had splendid opportunity to observe affairs and took advantage of it, being the first outsider to become intimately acquainted with the then-thriving area. Captain Duhaut-Cilly's ship, the Heros, also visited Valparaiso, the Galapagos Islands, Hawaii, Macao, and Java.., Paulo Emilio Botta, was the doctor aboard the Heros. A vocabulary of the Hawaiian language [not included in the French Edition] is included in this edition" (Hill 499-500).
"This is an important edition of the Duhaut-Cilly narrative.., It includes for the first time, in book form, an essay by Dr. Paolo Emilio Botta, "Obsservazioni sugli abitanti dell isole Sandwich e della California" (Hawaiian National Bibliography II, 1260); "Duhaut-Cilly arrived off Honolulu where he invited King Kamehahmeha III to dinner on the Heros" (Howgego 1800-1850, D33) & Howgego 1800-1850, B49 for Botta.



155. DURAND, Jean-Baptiste-Léonard (1742-1812)
[VOYAGE TO SENEGAL] Voyage au Sénégal, ou mémoires historiques, philosophiques et politiques sur les découvertes, les établissemens et le commerce des Européens dans les mers de l'Océan atlantique, depuis le Cap-Blanc jusqu'à la rivière de Serre-Lionne inclusivement ; suivis de la relation d'un voyage par terre de l'île Saint-Louis à Galam, et du texte arabe de trois traités de commerce faits par l'auteur avec les princes de pays.

Paris: Chez H. Agasse, An X, [1802]. Second Edition. Text 8vo., 2 vols. & Quarto Atlas. lvi, 359, [1]; 383, [1];67 pp. Atlas with a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, forty-three numbered engraved plates, including sixteen folding maps. Handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full (text) & half (atlas) calf. Atlas with marbled boards. One text volume rebacked, otherwise a very good set.
In 1785 Durand was appointed head of the Third Company of Senegal on the Isle of St. Louis where he was a director between 1785-86. He then made a trip to Galam and concluded several treaties with the Moors, to promote the gum trade. A Voyage to Senegal was inspired by the works of Father Labat and other writers, and includes a description of the journey of Mr. Rubault, who went to Galam and much information on the history, trade and commerce of the western African coast from Cape Blanc to the Sierra Leone River, which was the heart of the African slave trade in the 18th century. The work contains a very detailed map of the region and also engravings of local life, fauna and flora.
"During the eighteenth century the factories and settlements on the coast of Senegal had changed hands several times between the British and the French. The island of Goree had been returned to the French in 1763 at the conclusion of the Seven Years War, and 1779 Louis Philippe Rigaud, marquis de Vaudreuil, had recovered Saint Louis" (Howgego 1800-1850, W23); Wikipedia.



156. DUVALL, Alfred, engineer
Informe dado en cumplimiento de la orden del supremo gobierno del Peru por el ingeniero Alfredo Duvall, sobre los proyectos de dar agua permanente á la ciudad de Piura y de la irrigacion de los lados del rio de la Chira [Report given in compliance with the order of the supreme government of Peru by the engineer Alfredo Duvall, on projects to give permanent water to the city of Piura and irrigation from the Chira River].

Lima: Tip. De Toribio Villar, 1853. First Edition. Octavo. [1], [1], 46 pp. With a folding hand coloured lithographed map. Original disbound pamphlet without wrappers. Overall a very good copy.
Very Rare Lima imprint as only digital copies found in Worldcat. The pamphlet contains an early hydrographical survey of the Chira River valley in northern Peru which flows from the Ecuadorian Andes to the Pacific Ocean, with the mouth situated 20 km north of the provincial capital of Piura. The book is supplemented with a nicely executed map of the northern side of Chira River valley from Chocan to Amotape.
From the report of the US consul in Paita (Peru), C.F. Winslow:
"After collecting the wild staple, at cheap rates, and exporting it for trial upon British looms, an enterprising English gentleman employed the services of our mechanical and civil engineer, Alfred Duvall, of Baltimore, who has already written a valuable treatise upon the subject, to lay out a plantation in the rich valley of the Chira, about twenty-five miles from this port. The valley of the Chira is a rich bottom, averaging more than two miles in width, extending from the bay to the Andes, and capable of irrigation from a small river that flows through its rich alluvial deposits. The Chira is perhaps the longest river, and the valley perhaps the finest soil for cultivation of cotton on the western sides of the Andes. This spot was selected, and by a free outlay of capital several hundred acres of land, neglected wilderness, have been converted into magnificent and productive cotton lands in an incredibly short time. The water is raised by expensive machinery and led by ingenious devices and gigantic causeways in such a manner as to insure abundant crops by unfailing irrigation" (Report of the Commissioner of Agriculture for the Year 1864/ House of Representatives, 38th Congress, 2nd session. Washington, 1865, p. 493).



157. EDEN, Ashley, Sir (1831-1887)
Political Missions to Bootan, comprising the reports of the Hon’ble Ashley Eden, - 1864; Capt. R.B. Pemberton, 1837, 1838, with Dr. W. Griffiths’s Journal; and the Account by Baboo Kishen Kant Rose.

Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Office, 1865. First Edition. Octavo. [ii], xi, 206 pp. With a large folding outline hand colored engraved map and a folding topographical engraved profile of the route. Period style light brown gilt tooled half sheep with light brown cloth boards and a light brown gilt morocco label. Map backed on Japanese paper and browned and title page with remnants of old library stamp, otherwise a very good copy.
A collection of early interesting accounts on relations between the British India and the Kingdom of Bhutan in 1860's, which was a time of growing tension between the two countries which resulted in the Duar War (1864-1865). The book includes the account by Sir Ashley Eden, later Governor General of British India. The second account is by Captain Robert Boileau Pemberton (1798-1840) who led a diplomatic mission to Bhutan in 1837-8, together with the account by the member of the same embassy, Doctor William Griffith (1810-1845). The last account is an English translation of the relation by Baboo Kishen Kant Bose. The book is supplemented with a subject index.
"In 1861 Eden was appointed special envoy to Sikkim and, backed by an army, wrung from the maharaja a treaty guaranteeing free trade and the cessation of raids into British territory. In 1863 he was sent on a similar mission to Bhutan but without the same military support and he found himself taken virtual prisoner by the Bhutanese and forced to sign a treaty humiliating to the British. The insult was amply repaid when Britain went to war against Bhutan in November 1864" (Oxford DNB).
In 1863 Henry Haversham Godwin-Austen joined the "Political mission to Bhutan under Ashley Eden. In 1864 he carried out topographical surveys between Sikkim and Punakha, and produced a detailed map of Bhutan that would remain in use for thirty years" (Howgego 1850-1940 Continental G27).
The Duar War (1864-65) lasted only five months and, despite some battlefield victories by Bhutanese forces, resulted in Bhutan's defeat, loss of part of its sovereign territory, and forced cession of formerly occupied territories. Under the terms of the Treaty of Sinchula, signed on November 11, 1865, Bhutan ceded territories in the Assam Duars and Bengal Duars, as well as the eighty-three-square-kilometer territory of Dewangiri in southeastern Bhutan, in return for an annual subsidy of 50,000 rupees (Wikipedia)”.



158. EDMONSTONE, Archibald, Sir (1795-1871)
A Journey to two of the Oases of Upper Egypt.

London, 1822. First Edition. Octavo. xv, [i], 152 pp. With a folding lithographed frontispiece map and twelve lithographed plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled half calf with cloth boards. A near fine copy.
"Edmonstone went to Egypt at the end of 1818 where he met Belzoni who encouraged him to visit the oases of Upper Egypt and Dakel. He explored the ruins of three temples near to the Oasis Magna at Thebes shortly after they had been visited by Cailliaud, and he followed Drovetti to the Oasis of Dakel. In all he travelled nearly six hundred miles" (Sotheby's Blackmer Sale 565); Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 213; "At the oases, they visit the temples and transcribe inscriptions (included in the volume)" (Kalfatovic 250).



159. EGEDE, Hans Poulsen (1686-1758) & Poul Hanson (1708-1789)
Omstændelig og Udførlig Relation, Angaaende den Grønlandske Missions Begyndelse of Forsættelse, samt hvad Ellers mere der ved Landets Recognoscering, dets Beskaffenhed, og Indbyggernes Væsen of Leve-Maade Vedkommende, er Befunden [A Comprehensive Relation About the Greenland Mission, its Reconnaissance, its Character, and the Inhabitants];
[With]: Continuation af Relationerne Betreffende den Grønlandske Missions Tilstand og Beskaffenhed, Forfattet i Form af en Journal fra Anno 1734 till 1740. Af Colonien, Christians-haab udi Discobugt [Continuation the Relation of the Greenland Mission Written in the form of a Journal from Anno 1734 till 1740..,].

Copenhagen: J.C. Groth, 1738-41. First Editions. Small Quarto, 2 vols in one. [20],408; [8],184 pp. With two folding wood cut maps. Period dark brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep with a light brown gilt label. Label faded, text mildly browned and with some very mild staining of a few leaves, maps with minor repairs and with a small library marking on the title page, otherwise a very good copy.
“After much hardship Hans Poulsen Egede landed on the west coast of Greenland with three ships and 40 people (including family) on 3 July 1721. Egede was the first missionary to the Inuit of Greenland, where he served for 15 years and founded the colony of Godthaab. His work was of fundamental importance for the colonization of Greenland. As a missionary he was groundbreaking and was nicknamed the Apostle of Greenland. He also gave an important contribution to the understanding of Greenland's geography and Inuit culture and language” (Universitetsbiblioteket i Oslo).
Hans Poulsen Egede "established a successful mission among the Inuit and is credited with revitalizing Dano-Norwegian interest in the island after contact had been broken for hundreds of years. He founded Greenland's capital Godthåb, now known as Nuuk" (Wikipedia).
"Egede first visited Nuk, the site of Godthab, the first year of his Greenland colony, 1721, when seeking a better site for permanent settlement than his temporary residence at Haabets Oe at the mouth of Godthab's Fjord. He found Nuk a fine site with a good harbour. He saw the site again several times in ensuing years, but it was not until 1727 that he again took up the plan to move there"(Holland p95); "Egede converted many of the Inuit to Christianity and eventually established a considerable commerce with Denmark" (Howgego E17).
First Part: "detailed and full relation regarding the beginning and continuation of the Greenland mission: in addition to other things observations concerning the reconnaissance of the country, its nature and the manners and way of life of its inhabitants" (Arctic Bibliography 4366); Sabin 22021; Second Part: "The diaries of Poul Egede.., containing observations, mainly pertaining to the church and the mission, together with incidents from the everyday life in West Greenland" (Arctic Bibliography 4370); Sabin 22035.



160. EHRMANN, Theophil Friedrich (1762-1811)
[Tartary] Beitraege zur Laender und Staadenkunde der Tartarei. Aus Russischen Berichten. Mit Einer Einleitung. Nebst Einer Neuberichtigten Charte von dem Kirgisenlande [Contributions to the Geographical Information about Tartary. From Russian reports. With a Corrected Map of the Lands of Kirghizes].

Weimar: F.G. Privil. Landes Industrie Comptoirs, 1804. First Edition. Octavo. [2], xxviii, 90, [2] pp. With one folding engraved map. Period style brown half calf gilt tooled on the spine, with red gilt lettered morocco label. A very good copy.
Rare as only eleven copies found in Worldcat.
Interesting German account of travels of "the Lower Tartary": Tashkent, Khiva and the lands of Kirghizes, hitherto little known to German readers. First part, dedicated to Tashkent and Khiva, was based on the articles in "Deutschen St. Petersburger Zeitung." This extensive and detailed sketch describes the government, economy, army, religion and customs of the cities, caravan routes from Orenburg to Khiva, the Caspian and Aral Seas, the Ural and Amu Darya rivers, regions of Karakalpakstan and Mangyshlak etc. The second part is about the Kirghizian steppes based on the travel account of D. Schneegass who was in Russian service as a collegiate assessor and was on his way to Japan and later to Australia. The map of the Kirghizian lands is published for the first time from the original drawing of a Russian General who gave it to Schneegass. According to Erhmann this map is more accurate, than the map of Asia by the famous English mapmaker Arrowsmith. The book is supplemented with the bibliography of the main works on the region compiled by Ehrmann. Initially it was published as a 14th part of a multi-volume geographical and scientific journal "Allgemeine Geographische Ephemeriden" (50 vols, 1798-1816).
Theophil Friedrich Ehrmann was a geographical writer who published several multi volume collections of travels translated from French, English and Dutch, including "History of the most remarkable journeys, which since the 12th Century, have been made on water and land" (13 vols, 1791-95), "New Country and Folklore, a geographical reading book for all levels" (11 vols, 1806-11), "Library of the latest and most important travel books (started by Matthias Sprengel; 43 vols, 1803-1811)" etc. (Deutsche Biographie on-line).



161. FORREST, Thomas (c.1729-c.1802)
A Voyage to New Guinea and the Moluccas, From Balambangan: Including an Account of Magindano, Sooloo, and other Islands; and Illustrated with Thirty Copperplates. Performed in the Tartar Galley, belonging to the Honourable East India Company During the Years 1774, 1775, and 1776, to which is added, a Vocabulary of the Magindano Tongue.

London: G. Scott, 1779. First Edition. Quarto. xxiii, [i], 388, 13, [1] pp. With a portrait frontispiece and thirty other copper engraved plates, maps and plans, many folding. Handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a brown gilt label. A few plates tightly cropped at the plate mark, but overall a very nice copy.
"This work supplies what is wanting in Sonnerat, as it is full on the physical and moral character of the inhabitants, and on their language, mode of life, and trade" (Cox II, p301).
"Captain Forrest served for some years in the navy and made several voyages to the East. In 1770, he was engaged in forming the new settlement at Balambangan, which had been recommended by Alexander Dalrymple. In 1774, when the council, in accordance with their instructions and with a view to developing new sources of trade, desired to send an exploring party in the direction of New Guinea, Forrest offered his services. He sailed in the "Tartar", a native boat of about ten tons burden, with two English officers and a crew of eighteen Malays. He pushed the exploration as far as Geelvink Bay in New Guinea. The voyage was one of examination and enquiry rather than of exploration, and the additions made to geographical knowledge were corrections of detail rather than startling discoveries, but the tact with which he conducted his intercourse with the natives, and the amount of work done in a small boat, deservedly won him credit as a navigator" (Hill 623).
At Geelvinks Bay, Forrest "found one of the few nutmeg forests not under control of the Dutch. After exploring the Gilol Passage, between New Guinea and the Moluccas, he sailed to Mindanao, where the sultan gave him free choice of locations for future British bases. En route he also examined the Sulu Archipelago, Mandiolo, Batchian and Waygiou.., In 1776, the 4000-mile odyssey of the Tartar ended" (Howgego F60).



162. FRITSCHE, Hermann (1839-1913)
[From Peking to Saint Petersburg] Astronomicheskie, Magnitnie i Gipsometricheskie Nabliudeniia, Proizvedennie v 59 Punktakh na Puti ot Pekina, Cherez Mongoliiu, Nerchinskii Zavod, Irkutsk, Barnaul, Ekateriburg i Perm v S.-Petersburg [Astronomical, Magnetic and Hypsometrical Observations Executed in 59 Points on the Way From Peking, Through Mongolia, Nerchinsk, Irkutsk, Barnaul, Ekaterinburg and Perm to Saint Petersburg].
In: Izvestija Imperatorskogo Russkogo Geograficheskogo Obschestva [Bulletins of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society] 1875. Vol. 6, issue 1.
Bound together with: RYKACHEV, Mikhail Alexandrovich (1840-1919)
Podniatie na Vozdushnom Share v S.-Peterburge 20 Maia/ 1 Iiunia 1873 [Balloon Flight in S.-Petersburg on the 20th May / 1st June 1873].
In: Izvestija Imperatorskogo Russkogo Geograficheskogo Obschestva [Bulletins of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society] 1875. Vol. 6, issue 12.
Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1875. First Edition. Large Octavo. [6], 276; [2], 77 pp. With five lithographed maps, and three lithographed tables. Handsome period style red straight grained half morocco with raised bands and gilt lettering on the spine. A very good uncut copy.
Interesting account of Hermann Fritsche’s travel in 1873 from Peking where he worked as a director of the Russian meteorological station, to Saint Petersburg through Mongolia. On assignment of Russian Academy of Sciences he needed to inspect Siberian meteorological stations and the newly constructed telegraph lines in Siberia. Fritsche mentions Ferdinand Lütke who instructed him "to try to expand our geographical knowledge on Central Asia". The article gives an interesting and detailed account of the Northern China and Eastern Mongolia.
The second article belongs to Mikhail Rykachev, a Russian meteorologist, director of the General Physical Observatory in Saint Petersburg (1896-1913) and a member of Russian Academy of Sciences. He was known for organising several flights on balloons with scientific purposes, and participated in them himself. Rykachev became the first head of the Aeronautical Department of the Russian Technical Society (1881), and the first Chairman of the International Aeronautical Congress (1904). The article describes his balloon flight in 1873, together with several statistical tables.



163. GARAY, Don Jose de
An Account of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in the Republic of Mexico; with Proposals for Establishing a Communication between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, based upon the Surveys and Reports of a Scientific Commission, Appointed by the Projector;
[Bound with]: Anderson, Arthur: Communications with India, China, &c. Via Egypt, 28pp., not printed for sale, [c. 1844]; [Bound with]: Galloway, John Alexander: Observations on the Proposed Improvements in the Overland Route via Egypt, with remarks on the Ship Canal, the Boulac Canal, and the Suez Railroad, with a front free endpaper presentation inscription by the author.

London: Ackermann and Co. Et al., 1844. First Editions. Octavo, 3 works in one. [iv], 188; 28; 24 pp. With six folding engraved maps, one hand-colored, Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. A very good copy.
With the bookplate of Baron Hambro. An interesting sammelband of three rare pamphlets on important 19th century transportation routes. In regards to the main work: "Since the days of Hernán Cortés, the Tehuantepec isthmus has been considered a favourable route, first for an interoceanic canal, and since the 19th century for an interoceanic railway. Its proximity to the axes of international trade gives it some advantage over the Panama route; the Isthmus of Panama, however, is significantly narrower, making for a shorter traversal, even if the canal is farther from trade routes" (Wikipedia); Sabin 26546.



164. GILLES, Pierre (1490-1555)
The Antiquities of Constantinople. With a Description of its Situation, the Conveniences of its Port, its Public Buildings, the Statuary, Sculpture, Architecture and other Curiosities of that City. With Cuts Explaining the Chief of them... Translated into English ... By John Ball.

London: [John Ball], 1729. First English Edition. Octavo, 2 parts bound in one. [xviii], 295, [9], 63 pp. With a Copper engraved frontispiece and title-page, eleven other copper engraved plates (three folding) and a copper engraved vignette at the end of the second part. Period brown gilt tooled full sheep with red gilt morocco label. Extremities lightly rubbed, otherwise a fine copy in very original condition.
First English edition of one of the earliest accounts of Constantinople under Turkish rule. The first edition was published in Latin with the title "De Topographia Constantinopoleos et de illius antiquitatibus, libri IV" (Lyon, 1561). "This account of the Antiquities of that City given us by Gullius is not only the best, but indeed the only collective history of them" (Preface). The English edition is supplemented with an appendix dedicated to the Statues of Constantinople; detailed Explanatory Index, additional chapter "A Description of the Wards of the City" and eleven engravings, giving "a complete view of whatsoever is most remarkable in the Antiquities of Constantinople" (Preface).
The author, Pierre Gilles (Petrus Gyllius or Gillius) was a French naturalist, topographer and translator who extensively travelled and studied throughout the Mediterranean and Asia Minor, the royal librarian of Francis I of France. The latter was the first Christian monarch to start official diplomatic relations with the Ottoman Empire and in 1536 Pierre Gilles joined one of these embassies to Constantinople and the Holy Land. In 1544 he went to Constantinople and stayed there for four years, collecting ancient manuscripts and exploring the ruins of the old city. Having exhausted all his money and receiving no communication from France, Gilles, in order to survive, was forced to join the troops of the Turkish Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. Thus, Gilles participated in the Turkish wars against the king of Persia and had the misfortune of losing all his collections. Finally he managed to inform France about his troubles and they sent him the money necessary to continue his explorations. Gilles visited the ruins of the city of Chalcedon in the Bithynia province. In 1548 in Aleppo he made the first detailed description of an elephant based on its dissection. Baron d'Aramont, the Ambassador of Francis I at the court of the Sultan, brought Gilles back to France in 1550.
Gilles has left many works, all written in Latin. He is considered one the founders of the ichthyology of the Renaissance and "the father of the French zoology". He was the first of the modern naturalist who described the internal organs of an elephant and a hippopotamus. Information from Gilles’ books was used by Francois Rabelais in his famous "Gargantua and Pantagruel."
"The first illustrated edition"(Atabey 498); Gilles "accompanied D'Aramon's Embassy to the Porte in 1547, charged with collecting Greek Manuscripts and antiquities for Francois I of France. Gilles met Andre Thevet and travelled with him for a time in Asia"(Blackmer Collection 135-7); Weber (to 1801) 679. Pascal, Louis // Nouvelle Biographie Générale / M. Hoefer. Paris: Firmin Didot frères, fils, 1857. Vol. 20. P. 542-544.



165. GOLOWNIN, Captain [Vasily Mikhailovich] (1776-1831)
Recollections of Japan, Comprising a Particular Account of the Religion, Language, Government, Laws and Manners of the People with Observations on the Geography, Climate, Population & Productions of the Country (...) To which are prefixed Chronological Details of the Rise, Decline, and Renewal of British Commercial Intercourse with that Country.

London: Henry Colburn, 1819. First English Edition. Octavo. viii, lxxxix, 302, [2] pp. Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and black gilt label. Some scattered very mild foxing, otherwise a very good copy.
In 1808-1811 the Russian sloop "Diana" under the command of Vasily Golovnin and Peter Rikord, as the second-in-command, was sent as a second official Russian circumnavigation with the purpose of exploration and surveying of the Russian Far East, Kamchatka and Alaska. Upon return from Russian America in 1810, Golovnin started to chart the Kuril Islands. During his short stop at the island of Kunashir, Golovnin, his two officers and four sailors were taken prisoners, transported to the island of Hokkaido and there were kept in prison near the town of Matsumae for over two years.
The peaceful solution of the conflict became possible only as a result of the friendly relationship between Peter Rikord, who organized and led three expeditions to rescue his commander Golovnin, and the prominent Japanese businessman and public figure Takadaya Kahei (1769-1827), who was captured by Rikord with his ship Kanze-maru, and stayed in Russia for several months. Takadaya Kahei learned Russian, and upon returning home he convinced the Japanese government that the Russians could be trusted. The Russian sailors were then released from Japanese captivity (no one in history has ever returned from the Japanese captivity before). After Golovnin's release in 1813, his account of his captivity was published in English with the title" "Narrative of my Captivity in Japan During the Years 1811, 1812, 1813" and this work was later augmented with the current volume which gives a more detailed description of Japan and the Japanese people. Cordier Japonica 465; Howgego 1800-1850, G15.



166. GRANDPRE, L[ouis Marie Joseph Ohier Comte de] (1761-1846)
Voyage dans l'Inde et au Bengale, fait dans les années 1789 et 1790: Contenant la description des îles Séchelles et de Trinquemalay, des détails sur le caractère et les arts industrieux des peuples de l'Inde, la description de quelques pratiques religieuses des habitans du Bengale: suivi d'un voyage fait dans la mer rouge, contenant la description de Moka, et du commerce des Arabes de l'Yémen; des détails sur leur caractère et leurs moeurs, etc.
[A Voyage in the Indian Ocean and to Bengal, undertaken in the years 1789 and 1790: containing An Account of the Sechelles Islands and Trincomale; The Character and Arts of the People of India;... To which is added, A Voyage in the Red Sea; including A Description of Mocha, and of the Trade of the Arabs of Yemen].

Paris: Dentu, An IX - 1801. First Edition. Octavo, 2vols. [iv], 288; [iv], 318, [1] pp. With seven copper engraved folding plates. Original publisher's pink papered wrappers with printed paper labels. A near fine uncut set in very original condition.
"Louis de Grandpré was a French army officer who made an extensive tour of the Indian Ocean region in 1789-90, which was published in Paris in 1801 under the title Voyage dans l’Inde et au Bengale fait dans les années 1789 et 1790. Grandpré began his voyage in the French-controlled Île de France (Isle of France), as Mauritius was called, passed by the Maldives, and visited the Seychelles, India, Cochin China (Vietnam), Yemen, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka), where he toured the fortress of Trincomale on the eastern coast of the island. Grandpré was very much concerned with the relative influence of the different European powers in the places he visited, especially India. His work includes a detailed analysis of the position of the French at Pondicherry, the main center of French influence in India" (World Digital Library); Howgego P84.



167. GRAY, William, Major & DOCHARD, Staff Surgeon
Travels in Western Africa, in the years 1818, 19, 20, and 21, from the River Gambia, through Woolli, Bondoo, Galam, Kasson, Kaarta, and Foolidoo, to the River Niger.

London: John Murray, 1825. First Edition. Octavo. xv, [i], 413 pp. With an engraved folding map, ten aquatints and four lithographs on plates. Handsome period olive gilt tooled half straight-grained morocco with patterned cloth boards. Rebacked in style, a very good copy.
Gray's expedition followed the disastrous missions of Major Peddie and Captain Campbell. "Captain William Gray and Staff-Surgeon John Dochard, who set out eastward from the Gambia with 100 men and 200 pack animals. The expedition was decimated by fever, many of the men losing their minds and begging to be left behind. When the party arrived on the upper Senegal, Dochard went ahead with a sergeant and seven men and reached the Niger between Segou and Bamako. However, the king of Segou refused permission for the party to proceed further, so Dochard and the survivors made their way back to the coast in 1821" (Howgego 1800-1850, N12); "Disembarking at Saint Louis, [Caillie] walked 320 kilometers inland in an attempt to join the expedition of Captain William Gray, who was following Mungo Park's route to the Niger" (Howgego 1800-1850, C2) but Caillie was refused by Gray. Abbey Travel I, 282; Gay 2899; Hess & Coger 5524.



168. GUERNER, Christovão
[HISTORY OF THE PORT WINE] Discurso Historico e Analytico Sobre o Estabelecimento da Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro... [Historical Discourse and Analysis of the Establishment of the General Company of Agriculture of the Alto Douro Vineyards].

Coimbra: Na Real Imprensa da Univerisidade, 1827. Second corrected and enlarged edition. Octavo. 110 pp. Handsome brown gilt tooled mottled full sheep. With a couple of library stamps on front free fly leaf, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare as only four paper copies of the first edition (1814) found in Worldcat, and no copies of this, second enlarged and corrected edition found. The book comprises of the detailed report written by a member of the Council of the famous Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro (modern Real Companhia Velha) which was the first privileged producer of the Port wine in Portugal and whose history “is intimately linked to the history of the Porto Wine trade and to the history of Portugal itself” (Official website of Real Companhia Velha).
The historical discourse embraces the period from the Company’s establishment by the Marquis of Pombal, Portugal’s prime minister in 1756 until 1826 (the first edition only covers the period of 1756-1812). It is supplemented with the detailed statistical tables showcasing the duties applied for the Company’s wines, vinegars, and spirits; the amount of Port wine which was exported from the region from 1678 (the first year when the written mention of the Port wine appeared) to 1826; the distribution of the Port wine production across the different regions of Alto Douro; a table of profit received by the shareholders of the company in 1761-1826, and a full list of the Company’s administrators in 1756-1826, according to thirteen Councils (Junta Administração) acting during that period.
“Pombal immediately established state control over the Port wine trade in the form of a company, the Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro (later known as the Real Companhia or Companhia Velha), with a monopoly on trade with England and Brazil as well as the production and sale of brandy in the north of Portugal. In the same year, the boundaries of the Port vineyard area were demarcated and marked out with 335 stone pillars, known as marcos pombalinos. In 1757 the first comprehensive classification of the Port vineyards was carried out (almost a century before a similar exercise was carried out in Bordeaux). Those producing the finest wines, known as vinhos de feitoria, were allowed to sell their wines for export and demand a higher price, whilst those making wines of more modest quality, called vinhos de ramo, were restricted to the domestic market <…>
The draconian actions of the Marquis of Pombal and the monopoly company, although unpopular at the time, resulted in an improvement in the quality of Port wine and ushered in a new era of growth and prosperity for both producers and shippers. In establishing the geographical limits of the Port vineyards, classifying them according to quality and establishing standards for the production of the wine, Pombal was a visionary precursor of the modern concept of an AOC (appellation d’origine contrôlée). These pioneering measures laid the foundations for today’s legislation which is one of the most sophisticated of any classic wine region” (History of Port/ The official website of the Taylor’s Port wine).



169. GUERREIRO, João Tavares de Velez
Jornada; que Antonio de Albuquerque Coelho, Governador... Da cidade do Nome de Deos de Macao na China, fez de Goa atè chegar á dita cidade no anno de 1718, dividada em duas partes. Escrita pelo capitão João Tavares de Vellez Guerreito, e dedicada ao duque, por D. Jayme de la Te, y Sagau [Journal of Antonio de Albuquerque Coelho Governor of the city of Macao, of the voyage from Goa to Macao].

Lisboa: Officina da Musica, 1732. Second Edition, Rare Thick Paper Edition. Small Octavo. [xvi], 427 pp. Handsome period gilt tooled full sheep with a maroon gilt label. Expertly rebacked in style using the original label, A few leaves with a very faint marginal water stain, otherwise a very good copy.
The first edition of the Jornada, a legendary rarity, was printed xylographically in Macau in 1718.
The author, a Portuguese naval officer serving as Capitão de Mar e Guerra in India, describes the journey on which he accompanied the Governor of Macao from Goa to Macao. They travelled through India and the Malay Peninsula and endured a hazardous voyage along the coast of Indochina (pp. 403-14) and China. Along the way they became embroiled with the Buginese adventurer Raja Kechil in a civil war in Johore. The Jornada includes comments on trade relations between the interior of India and Portugal and England.
Antonio de Albuquerque Coelho (b. c. 1682) "arrived in Macao in May 1718 after travelling overland to Madras, spending the winter in Johore, and sailing with an English pilot to Malacca. In 1721 he was appointed governor of Timor and Solor, where he served until 1724" (Howgego A47); Cordier Sinica 3219.



170. GUESSFELDT, Paul (1840-1920); FALKENSTEIN, Julius & PECHUEL-LOESCHE, Eduard
Die Loango-Expedition. Ausgesandt von der Deutschen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung Aequatorial-Afrikas 1873-1876 [The Loango-Expedition Undertaken by the German Society for the Exploration of Equatorial Africa 1873-1876].

Leipzig: Paul Froberg, 1879. First Edition. Quarto, 3 vols. in one. viii, 232; [viii], 183; [vi], 304, [iv] pp. With two chromolithograph plates, two chromolithograph maps and many wood engravings on plates and in text. Period brown gilt tooled half morocco with marbled boards. Some minor wear of spine, otherwise a very good copy.
Paul Guessfeldt, on behalf of the German Africa Society led the Loango Expedition of 1873-75. Guessfeldt with A. Bastian established a scientific station at Chinchoxo on the Angola coast. From there attempts were made to explore further inland. They explored "the rivers of Loango.., The expedition's specific instructions were to trace the courses of the Ogobe and Okanda rivers down to the Loango coast" (Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, G62); Henze II, 415.



171. GUIGNES, Chretien Louis Joseph de (1759-1845)
[Atlas Volume] Voyages a Peking, Manille et l'Île de France faits dans l'intervalle des années 1784 a 1801 [Voyages to Peking, Manila and the Isle of France made in the Years 1784 to 1801].

Paris: De l'Imprimerie Impériale, 1808. First Edition. Folio. [iv] pp. Atlas with ninety-four copperplate engravings on sixty-two leaves and six engraved maps and plans (four folding). Two of the engraved plates ("Pagode Chinoise située à l’entrée du Port de Macao" and "Vue de la Porte occidentale de la Ville Tartare à Peking") are unnumbered and not included in the list of plates. Period red marbled papered boards. Extremities mildly worn, some scattered foxing of plates, otherwise a very good copy in very original condition.
"Guignes, like his father before him, became an Orientalist scholar. He was appointed French resident in China and Consul in 1784. Ten years later, in 1794-95, he was an interpreter with the Dutch Embassy to Peking. In all, he spent seventeen years in China. This book, quite a comprehensive account, touches upon such subjects as industry, trades, professions, foreign trading companies etc."(Hill 733).
The Titsing Mission to China in 1794-95 included "Guignes, who had lived in Canton for ten years and knew Chinese, and six others. The embassy spent fifty days crossing China, many of the roads proving impassable because of the unusually cold weather. They arrived exhausted at Peking on 11.1.95, but were received by the emperor on the following day" (Howgego T45); Cordier Sinica 2351-2; Lust 336.
"In 1794-95, de Guignes served as interpreter for Isaac Titsingh, the Dutch ambassador to the court of the Qianlong Emperor of China. Titsingh travelled to Peking (Beijing) for celebrations of the sixtieth anniversary of the Emperor's reign. The Titsingh delegation also included the Dutch-American Andreas Everardus van Braam Houckgeest, whose description of this embassy to the Chinese court were soon published in the U.S. And Europe. In the year following the emperor's rebuff to the British mission headed by Lord George Macartney, Titsingh and his colleagues were much feted by the Chinese because of what was construed as seemly compliance with conventional court etiquette. The members of the Titsingh mission, including de Guignes, were the last European diplomats to savour the mid-winter splendor of the vast Summer Palace before its destruction by the Lord Elgin's troops during the punitive Second Opium War in 1860.
In 1808, de Guignes published his account of the Titsingh mission, which provided an alternate perspective and a useful counterpoint to other reports which were then circulating. Neither the Europeans nor the Chinese could have known that the Titsingh embassy would turn out to have been the last occasion in which any European appeared before the Chinese Court within the context of traditional Chinese imperial foreign relations" (Wikipedia).



172. HALLS, J[ohn] J[ames] (1776-1853)
The Life and Correspondence of Henry Salt, Esq., F.R.S. &c. His Britannic Majesty's Late Consul General in Egypt.

London: Richard Bentley, 1834. Second Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xv, 502; viii, 440 pp. With two copper engraved portrait frontispieces. Handsome period black gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and maroon gilt morocco labels and housed in a custom made black cloth slipcase. A few leaves with some minor staining, otherwise a very good set.
This work represents a comprehensive biography of Henry Salt (1780-1827).
"On 20 June 1802 Salt left England on an eastern tour, as secretary and draughtsman to Viscount Valentia (later the earl of Mountnorris). He visited India, Ceylon, and the Red Sea, and in 1805 was sent by Valentia on a mission into Abyssinia, to the ras of Tigré, whose affection and respect he gained, and with whom he left one of his party, Nathaniel Pearce. The return to England in 1806 was made by way of Egypt, where he first met the pasha, Mehmet Ali. Lord Valentia's Travels in India (1809) was partly written and completely illustrated by Salt, who published his own 24 Views in St Helena, India and Egypt in the same year.
On 2 March 1809 Salt sailed on a mission from the British government to Abyssinia, to carry presents to the king and report on the state of the country. Owing to factious unrest, he was prevented from going to the king at Gondar and was obliged to deliver the presents instead to the ras of Tigré. While in Abyssinia he made many observations on the geography, the customs of the people, and the flora and fauna. He brought back many specimens, including a previously unknown dik-dik. Another member of Salt's party, William Coffin, chose to remain in Abyssinia when Salt returned to England in 1811. In 1812 Salt became a fellow of the Royal Society and of the Linnean Society, and a correspondent of the Institut de France. In 1812 he was elected one of the very few honorary members of the African Association in acknowledgement of information he had procured in its interest. In 1814 he published A Voyage to Abyssinia, which was received with some acclaim" (Oxford DNB).



173. HAMILTON, Charles, Esq. (1752/3-1792)
An Historical Relation of the Origin, Progress, and Final Dissolution of the Government of the Rohilla Afghans in the Northern Provinces of Hindostan. Compiled from a Persian Manuscript and other Original Papers.

London: Printed for G. Kearsley, 1787. First Edition. Octavo. xvii, 298 pp. Original grey papered boards rebacked in style with beige paper and printed paper label. A very good copy.
Charles Hamilton, esq., an officer in the service of the Honourable East-India Company on the Bengal Establishment. The Rohillas, described by Macaulay as “the finest population in India” were military adventurers from Afghanistan who had entered India some 35 years earlier and settled in Rohilkind, a stretch of country between the Ganges and Himalayas on the north-western borders of Oudh. In 1774 Shuja-ud-daula, with the assistance of a brigade of the East India Company's troops provided by Warren Hastings, invaded Rohilkind, killing their principal chief, Hafiz Rahmat, and annexing the country. This action figured later in the charges against Hasting during his impeachment.
Hamilton, a lieutenant in the Indian army, served in the campaign against the Rohillas where he collected materials for this, his first book. He was a noted orientalist, and one of the first members of the Asiatic Society of Calcutta. In 1791, whilst in England, he was appointed resident at the court if the grand vizier at Oudh, but died, aged 39, before he could take up the appointment. A second edition was published in 1788 (Cox I, p 256); Bibliography of Afghanistan 2480.
"A student of oriental languages, Hamilton was one of the first members of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. During an expedition against the Rohillas of Afghanistan he obtained a collection of Persian manuscripts from which he wrote his Historical relation of the origin, progress, and final dissolution of the government of the Rohilla Afghans in the northern provinces of Hindostan (1787). In the year before its publication Hamilton gained permission to return home for five years in order to translate from the Persian the Hedaya (published in 1791 as Hedaya, or, Guide), a commentary on Muslim laws, for which task he had been selected by the governor-general and council of Bengal" (Oxford DNB).



174. HANWAY, Jonas (1712-1786)
An Historical Account of the British Trade over the Caspian Sea. With a Journal of Travels from London through Russia into Persia; and back Through Russia, Germany and Holland. To which are added, The revolutions of Persia during the present century, with the particular history of the great usurper Nadir Kouli.

London: Dodsley et al, 1753. First Edition. Quarto, 4 vols. bound in 3. xx, 399; xv, [i], 374, [15]; xv, 255; xv, [i], 301, [20] pp. With four copper engraved frontispieces, fifteen other copper engraved plates and nine folding engraved maps. Later period style brown gilt tooled quarter calf with grey papered boards and red and green gilt morocco labels. A very good set.
The author "travelled to Russia in 1743 where he entered into a partnership with a certain Mr. Dingley, a merchant at St. Petersburg. In that year Hanway set out southward from Moscow with a caravan of woollen goods, followed the Volga and the western shores of the Caspian Sea, and arrived in Persia where he traded in the north of the country and along the Caspian coast. While there, according to his narrative published in 1753, he suffered many hardships and adventures. At Astrabad, his furthest east, he was robbed by Qajar rebels but, after visiting the shah at Hamadan, won compensation for his stolen goods. He returned in 1745 by way of the Caspian and Volga, and in 1750 returned to London, where, having amassed a considerable fortune, he retired from trade and 1753 published an account of his travels" (Howgego H21). "Hanway was a well known traveller and philanthropist, popularly remembered as the pioneer user of the umbrella" (Cox I, p. 255). "One of the earliest accounts of the Caspian region by a European" (Ghani p. 167).
"On 18 February 1743 he joined the Russia Company as junior partner with Charles Dingley and Henry Klencke, and took ship for Riga in April, and thence travelled overland to St Petersburg, where he was soon engaged in fitting out an expedition to Persia by way of the Caspian Sea. Hanway's mission was to sell English broadcloth for Persian silk and to evaluate the potential of trade with Persia, then ruled by the last great steppe conqueror, Shah Nadir Kuli Khan (1688-1747). A trans-Caspian trade had been pioneered by the Muscovy Company in 1566, but it was a tenuous link, dependent on political stability in central Asia and the co-operation of rulers in both Persia and Russia both of which were distant hopes in Hanway's time.
With only an English clerk, a Russian menial servant, a Tartar boy, and a Russian soldier, Hanway travelled to Moscow and thence to Astrakhan, where he boarded a British ship, the Empress of Russia, which conveyed him across the Caspian to Langarud. His destination was Mashhad, but his caravan was captured on the way by rebellious Khyars, allied to Turkomans from the steppes to the north. Robbed of his goods, and forced to flee in disguise along the bleak southern shores of the Caspian, he was rescued by merchant colleagues. He was later partially compensated by Nadir Shah, who desired cordial relations with the British in order to enlist British artisans to construct a Persian navy for the Caspian. However, Hanway, and those who sent him, had underestimated the insecurity of the route while exaggerating the potential of the trade. In retrospect he concluded that the trade held no great promise, for Persia was too poor and Russia was wholly disinclined to see the expansion of Persian power on its southern frontier. From these adventures he derived his motto in later life, ‘Never Despair’. Hanway spent the next five years in St Petersburg, trying to revive his trade and reputation, before he returned to Britain via Germany and the Netherlands, in October 1750" (Oxford DNB).



175. HELMERSEN, Georg von (1803-1885)
Der Telezkische See und die Teleuten im Oestlichen Altai [Teletskoe Lake and Teleuts of the Eastern Altai].

Saint Petersburg: Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1838. First Edition. Octavo. 110 pp. Period style brown half calf with marbled boards. Gilt tooled spine with black gilt lettered morocco label. Owner’s inscription on the title, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare as only six copies found in Worldcat. One of the first printed descriptions of Teletskoe lake, the largest in the Altai mountains and second largest in Russia, after Lake Baikal (Teletskoe Lake is often called the younger brother of Lake Baikal). The Russian translation was published in 1840 as an article in the "Mining Journal" ("Gorni Zhurnal," SPb.).
The author, Georg von Helmersen travelled to the lake in 1834. He departed from Biisk travelling along the Bia River. He travelled along the shores of the lake making topographical and geological observations. It was the first geological survey of Teletskoe Lake. The book contains hitherto unknown information about geography, mineralogy and geology of Teletskoe Lake; interesting notes about the local tribes, in particular Teleuts, as well as the history of Russian discovery and settlement in the region and observations on the first attempts of organising fishing industry there.
Georg von Helmersen was an outstanding Russian geologist of Baltic German origin, a member of Russian Academy of Sciences, the first head of the Russian Geological Committee (established 1882). In 1839 along with Karl Ernst von Baer he founded the first scientific journal of natural history in Russia known as "Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Russischen Reiches". He wrote numerous works on the geology of Russia, especially on coal and other mineral deposits. In 1842 for producing the first geological map of Russia, he was awarded with the Demidov prize of the Russian Academy of Sciences.



176. HORNEMAN, Frederick (1772-1801)
The Journal of Frederick Horneman's Travels from Cairo to Mourzouk, the Capital of the Kingdom of Fezzan, in Africa. In the Years 1797-8.

London: W. Bulmer and Co., 1802. First Edition. Quarto. xxvi, 195 pp. With 3 maps (2 large and folding). Period brown gilt tooled full calf. Rebacked in period style, extremities mildly rubbed, otherwise a very good copy.
"Horneman was one of the unlucky four sent out by the African Association to solve the vexatious question of the elusive Niger - where was its source, in what direction did it flow, and where did it empty. He set out in Egypt, reached Murzuk, but ended up in Tripoli. Starting from that country he made another attempt, but died somewhere on the Niger, without being able to inform the world of what he accomplished" (Cox I p. 398).
"Some intelligence of Horneman's fate was eventually gleaned from a certain Captain Smith, who in 1817 was surveying the north coast of Africa and met the Bey of Fezzan, an Arab who had travelled with Horneman. It was not until 1819 that F. George Lyon and Joseph Ritchie reached Murzuk and collected information about Horneman's fate. He had apparently joined a caravan bound for Bornu (to the southwest of Lake Chad), crossed the Sahara and reached Katsina (in northern Nigeria), from where he had passed south into the Nupe Kingdom on the lower Niger. He apparently died of dysentery at Bakkanee (Bokanee, just north of the Niger)" (Howgego, H100).



177. HOSKINS, G[eorge] A[lexander] Esq. (1802-63)
Travels in Ethiopia, Above the Second Cataract of the Nile; Exhibiting the State of that Country, and its Various Inhabitants, Under the Dominion of Mohamed Ali, and Illustrating the Antiquities, Arts, and History of the Ancient Kingdom of Meroe.

London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longman, 1835. First Edition. Quarto. xix, 367 pp. With 54 (six colour) lithographed plates (on 53, as Nos.53 and 54 are printed on one sheet, as issued), 35 woodcuts in text and one folding map. Original publisher's blue-gray decorative pictorial gilt cloth. Spine very light faded and map with very mild foxing, otherwise a very good copy.
"Hoskins explored, in 1833, a relatively little-known area: Ethiopia above the second cataract, especially Meroe. He was the first European to describe the antiquities of Meroe and he spent a year in Upper Egypt studying the monuments, sculpture and hieroglyphics" (Blackmer Sale Catalogue 695). He "first visited Egypt and Nubia in 1832-33. He returned later in life for reasons of health, but died in Rome in 1863. His two books, the first published after his first journey, and the second in the year of his death, are important for comparing how many of the ancient monuments had been carried off or destroyed during the intervening period" (Howgego 1800-1850 E4); Fumagalli 162; Gay 2574; Hess & Coger 1376; Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 310.



178. HUTTON, William
A Voyage to Africa: Including a Narrative of an Embassy to one of the Interior Kingdoms, in the year 1820; with Remarks on the Course and Termination of the Niger, and Other Principal Rivers in that Country.

London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1821. First Edition. Octavo. x, 488 pp. With two folding maps and four hand-colored aquatints on plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled treed full calf with a red gilt morocco label. Hinges cracked but holding, extremities mildly rubbed, Title page with expertly removed library marking, otherwise a very good copy.
The author's journey closely followed the route of Thomas Edward Bowdich's Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee. "The author was acting consul for Ashantee, and an officer of the African Company"(Bonhams). The book contains an account of the author's journey to Kumasi and includes a vocabulary and short grammar of the Ashanti and Fanti languages. Also included is a account of the murder of Mr. Meredith, the governor of Winnebah Fort in 1812. Abbey Travel, 280; Gay 2871; Hess & Coger 6404; Cardinall 563.



179. KEPPEL, Captain Henry (1809-1904)
The Expedition to Borneo of H.M.S. Dido, for the Suppression of Piracy: with Extracts from the Journal of James Brooke of Sarawak (Now Her Majesty's Commissioner and Consul-General to the Sultan and Independent Chiefs of Borneo).

London: Chapman and Hall, 1847. Third Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xiv, [i], 429; viii, 315 pp. With two charts, four plans, one table and eleven lithographed plates. Original publisher's green blind stamped gilt cloth. Rebacked with original spines laid down, plates very mildly foxed and spines very mildly sunned, otherwise a very good set.
"Keppel, a British naval officer who had served in the Opium War, participated in the campaign against the Borneo pirates in 1843-44. During the execution of his orders to protect trade and suppress piracy in the Malazza Straits, he met James Brooke, who had received the title of rajah of Sarawak in perpetuity from the Sultan of Brunei" (Hill 918); Howgego 1800-1850, K8.
"In August 1841 Keppel commissioned the corvette Dido for the China station, where he served with distinction during the latter part of the First Opium War under Sir William Parker. When peace was made in August 1842 Keppel was sent to Singapore as senior officer on that part of the station. There he made friends with Sir James Brooke, with whom he returned to Sarawak. For eighteen months he co-operated with Brooke for the suppression of Borneo piracy, and, after many engagements, the Dido, together with the East India Company's steamship Phlegethon, destroyed the chief stronghold of the pirates, together with some 300 prahus. After two years on half pay he was appointed in 1847 to the frigate Maeander and returned to the same station, where his contact with Brooke was resumed" (Oxford DNB).



180. KETTNER, Friedrich Gottlieb (1670-1739),
and SUSCHKY, Johann Sigmund (respondent)
Dissertatio Historica De Mumiis Aegyptiacis, & simul de Egregia Lipsiensi in Bibliotheca Instructissima Magnifici Senatus. [Historical Dissertation on Egyptian Mummies...].

Leipzig: Christiani Scholvinius, 1694. First Edition. Octavo. [24] pp. With a folding copper engraved frontispiece and woodcut initial and a tail piece. Disbound pamphlet, with handwritten numeration in the upper corners (pp. 335-359). Mildly age toned, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare first edition with only seven copies found in Worldcat (another Latin edition under a slightly different title was published in Leiden the same year). The dissertation in Latin contains a preface and two chapters, illustrated with a nicely executed engraved plate showing Egyptian mummies and sarcophaguses. Friedrich Gottlieb Kettner was a Lutheran theologian. During his last years he was the second pastor at St. John's in Magdeburg, Prussia. Other Latin editions see: Ibrahim-Hilmy. The Literature of Egypt and the Soudan from the earliest times to the 1885… (London, 1886, 2 vols; Vol. 1, p. 340).



181. KLUTSCHAK, Heinrich W[enzel] (1847-1890)
Als Eskimo Unter Den Eskimos: Eine Schilderung Der Erlebnisse Der Schwatka'schen Franklin-Aufsuchungs-Expedition in den Jahren 1878-80. [As an Eskimo Under the Eskimos: A description of the Experiences of the Schwatka Franklin Search Expedition in the years 1878-80].

Vienna: A. Hartleben's Verlag, 1881. First Edition. Octavo. [vi], 247, [1] pp. With three lithographed maps (two folding) and twelve wood engraved plates and numerous wood engravings in text Original publisher's red gilt patterned blind stamped cloth. Spine very mildly faded, otherwise a very good copy.
An account of the Schwatka Franklin search expedition in 1878-80 by the artist and surveyor on the expedition. "Sponsored by the American Geographical Society to follow up on recent Eskimo reports that records and journals of the Franklin expedition might still be preserved on King William Island. The five member expedition left for Hudson Bay on the whaler Eothen, whose captain, Thomas Barry, had brought the Eskimo rumor to the United States.., Records of Schwatka's expedition include observations on topography, travelling conditions, Eskimoes and their distribution and travelling techniques, flora and fauna. The sledge journey to King William Island, covering 5, 287 KM in 50 weeks, was a record distance for any sledging expedition by whites at that time and has rarely been surpassed" (Holland p.310-11). Henze 3, p.44; Not in the Arctic Bibliography.



182. KOTZEBUE, Otto von (1787-1846)
Entdeckungs-Reise in die Süd-See und nach der Berings-Strasse zur Erforschung einer nordöstlichen Durchfahrt : unternommen in den Jahren 1815, 1816, 1817 und 1818 auf Kosten Sr. Erlaucht des Herrn Reichs-Kanzlers Grafen Rumanzoff auf dem Schiffe Rurick unter dem Befehle des Lieutenants der Russisch-Kaiserlichen Marine, Otto von Kotzebue.
[A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea, and Beerings Straits, for the Purpose of Exploring a North-East Passage, undertaken in the Years 1815--1818, at the Expense of his Highness the Chancellor of the Empire, Count Romanzoff, in the Ship Rurick, under the Command of the Lieutenant in the Russian Imperial Navy, Otto Von Kotzebue].

Weimar: Gebruedern Hoffmann, 1821. First Edition. Quarto 3 vols. in one. xviii, [iii], 168; 176; [i], 240 pp. 6 engraved maps, 5 folding, 19 hand-coloured aquatint plates from drawings by Choris, 4 double-page, 1 black and white plate, Handsome brown period style elaborately gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards. With an expertly removed library marking on title page, otherwise a near fine copy.
"First Edition on laid paper with all the aquatint plates finely coloured by hand, of the second Russian circumnavigation and the first for scientific purposes, sponsored by Count Romanzoff, one of Russia's greatest patrons of the sciences. It proved to be one of the most important and fruitful of all Russian circumnavigations, contributing greatly to knowledge of the South Seas, Pacific Northwest and Alaska, although without finding the North-West Passage (here termed the North-East by Kotzebue). [Kotzebue] commanded the Rurick and knew the North Pacific well from his earlier voyage with Krusenstern. With him were Louis Choris, expedition artist, and Adelbert von Chamisso, naturalist. Their valuable study of Pacific islands included Easter Island, the Tuamotus, Marshalls and the newly-discovered Romanzoff Islands, and Kotzebue's reports on coral atolls were later used by Charles Darwin. Reaching Kamchatka they passed through Bering Strait, explored Kotzebue Sound, and investigated the Pribilof Islands and Aleutians, recording excellent descriptions of the Chukchis, Aleuts and Eskimos. Before crossing the Pacific they made stops on the California coast, at San Francisco, followed by a long stay in Hawaii at the court of King Kamehameha I, handsomely portrayed by Choris. Choris' own illustrated account of the voyage was published in 1822" (Christies).
"The second Russian expedition into the Pacific for scientific exploration, sponsored by Count Romanzoff, was commanded by Lieutenant Kotzebue, and also included the famous artist Ludovik Choris. Kotzebue had also sailed with Captain Kruzenshtern in 1803-06. Leaving Kronstadt in 1815, the Rurik rounded Cape Horn and visited Chile, Easter Island, and the Marshall Islands. Kotzebue explored the North American coast and Hawaii and searched unsuccessfully for a passage to the Arctic Ocean. The description of the northwest coast of America is a most important contribution" (Hill 943); Arctic Bibliography 9195; "A Celebrated narrative important for its descriptions of Alaska, California, Hawaii and Micronesia" (Forbes 525); Howgego 1800-1850, K20; "The three volumes are rich in early original source material on Alaska" (Lada-Mocarski 80); Sabin 38284.



183. LESSON, [René] P[rimevere] (1794-1849)
Voyage Autour du Monde Entrepris par Ordre du Gouvernement sur la Corvette la Coquille [Voyage Around the World in the Corvette La Coquille Undertaken by Order of the Government].

Paris: P. Pourrat Frères, 1838-9. First Edition. Octavo. 2 vols. [iv], 510, [2]; [iv], 547, [2] pp. With two engraved title vignettes, one engraved portrait frontispiece, twenty-three other engraved plates (some folding) and nineteen hand colored plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled full mottled sheep with red and olive gilt morocco labels. Some mild foxing of some plates, otherwise a very good set.
"Commanded by Louis Isidore Duperrey, This voyage of 1822-25 was largely scientific in purpose, calling at Brazil and the Falkland Islands, and then rounding Cape Horn and sailing up the coast visiting Concepcion, Callao, and Payta. Heading towards the Tuamotu Archipelago, Duperrey discovered Clermont Tonnerre (Reao) and then proceeded to Tahiti. In June 1823, the 'Coquille' sailed for Port Jackson via Tonga, the Santa Cruz Island, New Britain, New Ireland, and the Moluccas. In 1824 Duperrey had arrived in the Bay of Islands at New Zealand. He sailed to Rotuma, the Gilberts, the Carolines, New Guinea and Java before making his way home. The expedition achieved notable scientific results and corrections in maps, accumulated much meteorological data, and brought back many rock samples and botanical specimens. Lesson was the naturalist of this expedition, and his account of the voyage supplies details which Duperrey failed to include in his own account" (Hill 1012); Howgego 1800-1850, D37; O'Reilly-Reitman 828; Sabin 40214.



184. LILLINGSTON, Luke (1653-1713)
Reflections on Mr. Burchet's Memoirs: Or Remarks on His Account of Captain Wilmot's Expedition to the West-Indies.

London, 1704. First Edition. Octavo. [xviii], 171 pp. Period dark brown blind stamped panelled full calf, rebacked in style with red gilt label. Cover corners worn, otherwise a very good copy.
"Lillingstone's battalion took part in Robert Wilmot's expedition to Jamaica in 1695, sent in response to alarmist reports that the island had fallen to France. In reality, French forces under Du Casse, based in Hispaniola, had simply raided Jamaica, although much property had been destroyed. Wilmot and Lillingstone attacked the French-held section of Hispaniola in ill-conceived and poorly co-ordinated operations, failing to dislodge Du Casse from the south of the island. Wilmot died late in 1695 but, when Lillingstone returned to England in 1696, he submitted to the council of trade and plantations a scathing indictment of Wilmot's conduct. At the root of the problem was a clash of personalities resulting in a failure of army-navy co-operation. Lillingstone's weakened battalion was disbanded in 1697 and he was reduced to half-pay until 1705, although he was compensated by the retrospective grant of a pension of £200 by Queen Anne on 9 March 1702. In 1702 Lillingstone published an account of the Hispaniola operations and his reputation was further damaged by the rejoinder of Josiah Burchett, secretary of the Admiralty" (Oxford DNB).
"Burchett evidently made some unfavorable remarks concerning Col. Lillingston's conduct in the West Indian Naval operations during 1694-97, and in this work the Colonel gives further particulars concerning the expeditions against Martinique and St. Domingo in which he was in command of the landing parties" (Cox II, p438).
"Colonel Lillingston was Lieutenant-Colonel of Colonel Ffoulkes’s regiment of foot in the Martinique expedition in February to October, 1693. His brother, Jarvis Lillingston, an officer of Gustavus Hamilton’s (20th) foot, was made Major in Ffoulkes’s, and died on the expedition. Colonel Ffoulkes also died on the expedition, and Luke Lillington obtained the colonelcy. The expedition miscarried, and Lillingston’s regiment was put on board the homeward-bound men-of-war at Newfoundland and Boston to supply the place of seamen. The regiment, 670 strong, was broken at Plymouth by order of Lord Cutts, and reformed with six hundred men of the regiment and six hundred of Colt, Norcott, and Farrington (29th foot), in December, 1694, and embarked as a reinforcement for Jamaica in January, 1695. That island, still suffering from the effects of the Port Royal earthquake of 1602, had been harried by buccaneering attacks from the French settlement in Hispaniola (St. Domingo). A naval squadron, under Captain Robert Wilmot, with Lillingston’s troops on board, acting in concert with the Spaniards, took and destroyed the French port of Porto Paix, Hispaniola. Thereupon the English troops withdrew to Jamaica, and Governor William Beeston reported that Lillingston’s regiment was so weak and sickly that he had to send them into the country for change of air. Lillingston went home to recruit, and made various claims on the Government. His regiment disappeared from the rolls on the peace of Ryswick, and he published this reply to Burchett’s account of the Porto Paix affair, to which Burchett issued a rejoinder" (Maggs Catalogue (Publ. 1928); Sabin 41072.



185. LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[PRESENTATION COPY] Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa; Including a Sketch of Sixteen Years' Residence in the Interior of Africa, and a Journey From the Cape of Good Hope to Loanda on the West Coast: Thence Across the Continent, Down the River Zambesi, to the Eastern Ocean;
[With]: A Carte de Visite Portrait Photograph of David Livingstone with his Printed Signature from the London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company ca. 1860.

London: John Murray, 1857. First Edition Presentation Copy to W .H. Wylde from the Author. Octavo. ix, [i], 687, [8] pp. Folding frontispiece, and 23 other wood engravings on plates, a portrait steel engraving, two folding maps (one large in rear pocket) and many wood engravings in text. Original brown blind stamped gilt cloth. Spine very mildly faded, otherwise a very good copy.
"Presented to W. H. Wylde by the Author" written in ink on the top of the dedication page.
"Livingstone was immediately hailed as the greatest British explorer since the time of Elizabeth I. He had achieved the first transcontinental African journey by a pure-blood European and his observations and cartography were far superior to anything achieved by the Portuguese, necessitating a complete redrawing of the map of Central Africa" (Howgego 1850-1940 Continental Exploration, L33); Hess & Coger 3068; Mendelssohn I, p. 908-910.
"Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa, evokes earlier accounts of southern Africa, notably by Philip and Moffat, but Livingstone's book stands out from these by reason of its intellectual breadth. Throughout his sixteen years in Africa, Livingstone had kept himself supplied with reading matter on religion, medicine, natural history, and physical anthropology. He had, moreover, maintained an extensive correspondence with friends made in Glasgow, Ongar, and London. And from 1851, aware of his growing reputation as an explorer, he kept a journal. Here he recorded a miscellany of ruminations and minute observation which attest to a wide-ranging curiosity about the human race and the natural world, and owe much to his medical training. When he came to write his book, he enriched a stirring narrative, told in conversational style, with insights acquired by informed eyes and ears, as well as with shafts of caustic humour" (Oxford DNB).
The W. H. Wylde this book is presented to is possibly the same that explored the Ruwenzori Mountains and "with a companion named Ward climbed to the crest in the Mobuku valley" (Howgego 1850-1940, Continental Exploration, U1).



186. LYDEKKER, Richard
The Great and Small Game of India, Burma and Tibet.

London: Rowland Ward, 1900. Numbered Limited First Edition #93 of 250 Signed by the Publisher. Quarto. xviii, 416 pp. With nine hand-coloured lithographed plates and sixty-two text illustrations. Recent maroon patterned cloth bound by Fancy Book Binder, Chotta Babu Bazar, Rawalpindi. Three plates without their descriptive leaves and one plate with the descriptive leaf text cut out and mounted on the following text page, plates quite browned, one plate trimmed, otherwise a good copy.
"A sumptuous rendering of south Asia's wild game species in art and text. Lydekker describes more than seventy varieties of game with attendant notes on sport from experiences of Demidoff, Darrah, Valentine and others. The handcolored plates are espoecially striking. Quite scarce as only 250 copies printed and signed by Rowland Ward" (Czech Asian Big Game p.129); Wood p.444; Yakushi L318.



187. MAKARENKO, Alexei Alexeevich (1860-1942)
Sibirskii Narodnii Kalendar v Etnograficheskom Otnoshenii. Vostochnaia Sibir. Eniseiskaia Gubernia [Siberian Folk Calendar in Ethnographical Prospective. Eastern Siberia. Yenisei Province].
Published as vol. 36 of "Zapiski Russkogo Geograficheskogo Obschestva po Otdeleniiu Etnografii" (The Proceedings of the Ethnographical Department of Russian Geographical Society /ed. By A.S. Ermolov).

St. Petersburg: State Typography, 1913. First Edition. Large Octavo. [4], vii, 293 pp. With sixteen photographic plates. Period style red half morocco with marbled boards, gilt lettered spine with raised bands. Front publisher’s printed wrapper bound in. A near fine copy.
Very Rare as no copies found in Worldcat. First comprehensive ethnographic study of the religious and folk holidays and festivities in Eastern Siberia, in particular in the Yenisei province (Krasnoyarsk, Achinsk, Minusinsk). The author focuses mostly on Russian peasants and locals who had converted to Orthodox Christianity, but notes that paganism and superstitions of the natives highly influenced the traditions and mentality of the Russian settlers. Makarenko describes Siberian folk festivities for every day of the year, their character, way of celebration and place in people’s life. Illustrations are interesting photographs of Siberian peasants, their everyday activities, costumes, scenes of dances and games. The supplement contains the alphabet and subject Indexes of Siberian holidays; bibliography of the main works on the topic (p. 251-256); oral Siberian calendar from a blind Siberian peasant Chima, known for his phenomenal memory.



188. MALLESON, George Bruce (1825-1898)
[From the Library of Peter Hopkirk] The Russo-Afghan Question and the Invasion of India.

London: George Routledge and Sons, 1885. Second Edition. Octavo. 192 pp. With a frontispiece map. Original publishers red cloth with black borders, black and gilt lettering on the upper board and spine. Book plate of Peter Hopkirk on the first paste down endpaper. Spine faded, minor foxing of the first pages, otherwise a very good copy.
George Bruce Malleson was a British army officer and military historian. He joined the Bengal infantry in 1842 and spent most of his professional career in India and the Frontier, writing numerous respected works, most notably History of the Indian Mutiny (3 vols., 1878-80) and many others. "He had a broad grasp, great industry, and a vigorous and picturesque style, but was apt to be a strong partisan. He did much to draw attention to Russian expansion in central Asia and its potential threat to British rule in India" (Oxford DNB).
This work was written just after Panjdeh Incident 1885, when Russian forces seized Afghan territory south of the Oxus River around an oasis at Panjdeh. The incident created a diplomatic crisis between Russia and Great Britain which resulted in Russia annexing the oasis of Merv. “Following the incident, the Anglo-Russian Boundary Commission was established to delineate the northern frontier of Afghanistan. The commission did not have any Afghan involvement, and effectively led to Afghanistan becoming a buffer state between British India and the Russian Empire. The incident brought the southward expansion of Imperial Russia to a halt. The Russians founded the border town of Kushka in the conquered territory; it was the southernmost settlement of both the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union” (Wikipedia).
This second edition was published the same year as the first.




189. MARTYR, Peter (1457-1526)
[Account of the Discovery and Conquest of the New World] De Rebus Oceanicis et Novo Orbe: Decades tres, Petri Martyris ab Angleria Mediolanensis. Item eiusdem, de Babylonica sua legatione, Libri III. Et item de Rebus Aethiopicis, Indicis, Lusitanicis & Hispanicis, opuscula queda Historica doctissima, quae hodie non facile alibi reperiuntur, Damiani. A Goes Equitis Lusitani. Quae omnia sequens pagina latius demonstrat. Cum duplici locupletissimo Indice.

Cologne: Gervinus Calenius & Heirs of Quentel, 1574. Early Edition. Small Octavo. [xlviii], 655, [28] pp. 18th century brown gilt tooled marbled papered boards. Covers with wear and text with some scattered mild water staining of the bottom margin, otherwise a very good copy.
"An early edition of Peter Martyr's important account of the discovery and conquest of the New World, assembled in part through personal correspondence with Columbus, Cabot, Vespucci, Magellan, Vasco de Gama, and Cortes. He wrote eight "decades," of which the present work contains the first three, covering the years 1492 to 1516. It also contains the section De insulis nuper inventis relating Cortes' expedition to Mexico, and De babylonica legatione covering the author's own diplomatic mission to Egypt in 1501-2. In 1520 Martyr was given the new post of chronicler to the Council of the Indies by Emperor Charles V, charged with describing the explorations to the New World. By 1530 the first edition of the full eight decades was published in Alcala" (Bonhams); Borba de Moraes II, 532; Howgego M65; Sabin 1558.
"An early authoritative history of the discovery and conquest of the New World, containing the first account of Balboa's sighting of the Pacific Ocean, as well as the earliest account of Cabot's discoveries along the northeast coast of America (Decade III, Book 6). Anghiera was the first writer to emphasize the importance of his countryman Columbus and his discovery. As an Italian scholar, living in Spain from 1487, he was a friend and contemporary of Columbus, Cabot, Vespucci, Magellan, Vasco de Gama, and Cortes. Through personal correspondence with the navigators, and from the examination of documents to which he had access as an official of the Council for the Indies, he was able to record the events surrounding the discovery of the New World. The first edition of the first "decade" was published in 1511. Two more decades were added in 1516 and the first complete edition of eight decades appeared in 1530. The work was translated into English in 1555, and used by Hakluyt, who himself produced in Paris (1587) an edition of the complete work.
The present edition contains the first three decades, covering the years 1492 to 1516, together with the De insulis nuper inventis relating Cortes' expedition to Mexico, and the three books of the De Babylonica Legatione, describing Anghiera's diplomatic mission to Egypt in 1501-1502. Also included are miscellaneous writings by Damiaeo de Goes, Portuguese historian and statesman, among them a description of Lapland and an account of the religion and customs of the Ethiopians" (Sotheby's).



190. MEINSHAUSEN, Karl Friedrich (1819-1899)
Nachrichten über das Wilui-Gebiet in Ostsibirien. Mit eine Karte [New Information about the Vilyuy district in the Eastern Siberia. With a Map]. Published as vol. 26 of "Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Russischen Reichs und der angrenzenden Länder Asiens" (ed. By K.E. V. Baer and Gr. V. Helmersen).

Saint Petersburg: Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1871. First Edition. Large Octavo. [4], xii, 246 pp. With one folding lithographed map. Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards, original blue printed front wrapper is bound in at the back. A near fine copy.
One of the first published descriptions of the First Vilyuy Expedition (1853-1855) under the command of the famous explorer of Eastern Siberia Richard Maak (1825-1886). This was the first scientific enterprise of the newly formed Eastern-Siberian Department of the Russian Geographical Society (formed in 1851). The expedition explored the Valley of Viluyu River (the longest tributary of the river Lena) which was at the time the remotest and the least known part of the Eastern Siberia. The travellers visited Vilyuysk, Olekminsk, Yakutsk and numerous settlements amidst Vilyuy forest and swamps.
This account is mainly devoted to the botanical research of the expedition. The author, an associate of the Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Karl Friedrich Meinshausen, systematizes the huge herbarium collected during the expedition (2300 plants) and presents 352 new species of plants. In preliminary chapter he also briefly describes the history, borders and geography of the Vilyuy region, its main rivers, lakes, settlements and their inhabitants; the route of the expedition. This research significantly contributed in the development of botany, and was used as a basis of the botanical part of the official account of the expedition, first published only six years later "Vilyuy Region of the Yakutskaya province" (3 vols, SPb., 1877-1887).
Richard Maak was a Russian naturalist, geographer, and anthropologist, a member of the Siberian branch of the Russian Geographical Society, most known for his exploration of the Russian Far East and Siberia, particularly the Ussuri and Amur River valleys. He wrote some of the first scientific descriptions of the natural history of remote Siberia and collected many biological specimens, many of which were original type specimens of previously unknown species. Maak’s works significantly contributed in the research of the flora of the Eastern Siberia, Amur and Ussuri regions.



191. MEREDITH, Henry
An Account of the Gold Coast of Africa: With a Brief History of the African Company.

London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1812. First Edition. Octavo. viii, 264, 16 pp. With a copper engraved folding frontispiece map. Handsome light brown period style elaborately gilt tooled full calf with a maroon gilt label. A fine copy.
Meredith was a member of the council of the African Company of Merchants and was Governor of Winnebah Fort. "The African Company of Merchants was a Chartered Company in the Gold Coast area of modern Ghana, in the coastal area where the Fante people lived. It was founded in 1752 and replaced the Royal African Company which was dissolved in that year. In 1817 the Company had signed a treaty of friendship that recognized Asante claims to sovereignty over large areas of the coast, including areas claimed by the Fante. The Company was abolished in 1821, as the slave trade had not been suppressed in these privately held areas. Authority over the area was given to Governor Charles MacCarthy, the governor of Sierra Leone, who was subsequently killed in the First Anglo-Asante War" (Wikipedia).
"Winneba, traditionally known as Simpa, also (informally) known as the Land of the Gharteys because its royals and many of its inhabitants bear this name, is an historic fishing town in Ghana, lying on the south coast, 35 miles (56 km) west of Accra and 90 miles (140 km) east of Cape Coast" (Wikipedia). Mr. Meredith, the governor of Winnebah Fort was murdered by the locals in 1812, an account of which is given in William Hutton's "A Voyage to Africa" London 1821. Hess & Coger 6425.



192. MEROLLA DA SORRENTO, P. Girolamo
Breve Relazione del Viaggio nel Regno di Congo Nell' Africa Meridionale [Brief Relation of Travels in the Kingdom of Congo in Southern Africa].

Napoli: Per Francesco Mollo, 1692. First Edition. Small Octavo. [xxiv], 466, [39] pp. With an engraved frontispiece and twenty other engraved plates. Beautiful period Italian style crimson very elaborately gilt tooled full morocco with a black gilt label. Several expertly removed library stamps, otherwise a very good copy.
Extremely Rare Work as no copies of this first edition found in Worldcat. Girolamo Merolla was "a Capuchin from Sorrento who went to Africa in 1682. Between 1684 and 1688 Merolla worked largely in the region of Songo, about 150 miles northeast of Luanda. His Viaggio del Regno di Congo provides an interesting picture of life in seventeenth-century Angola and is often cited for its anecdotal observations. He was possibly to note the use of drums for military signalling. During a confrontation with an English slaver who was attempting to trade under the pretext that the Duke of York, the president of the Royal African Company, was a Catholic, Merolla infuriated the captain by suggesting that he would send a complaint about the behaviour of the English to his countrywoman Mary of Modena, Duchess of York. Apparently the King of the Congo did trade privately with the English, behind the back of the Capuchins" (Howgego M151).
The author, who "comments upon the influence of the Portuguese in the Congo, describes in detail the life of the people and the natural resources of the region.., his narrative contains some interesting pictures of the life there and presents a good account of the superstitions of the natives" (Cox I, p373).
"The Capuchins generally had three or four missionaries in the whole of Kongo, occasionally they had as many as ten, never enough to truly take over the instruction of the people or educate more than an elite of political actors and their own staff. The Capuchins generally constructed hospices near political centers, such as São Salvador, Mbamba, and Soyo or in territory relatively far from the political centers such as the hospice at Nsuku in the north of the country. There they and their staff of freed slaves (nleke) who carried them on their annual rounds of the countryside. While travelling they stopped at centrally located villages for a few days while people from neighboring settlements came in, and then they performed the sacraments, especially baptism, to thousands. It was not uncommon for a long serving missionary to record tens of thousands of baptisms in their reports, and many fewer marriages and communions" (Wikipedia).



193. MILBERT, Jacques Gerard (1766-1840)
Voyage Pittoresque a l'Ile de France, au Cap de Bonne Esperance et a l'Ile de Teneriffe [Picturesque Voyage to Mauritius, the Cape of Good Hope and the Island of Tenerife].

Paris: Le Normant pour A. Nepveu, 1812. First Edition with Author's Presentation. Octavo Text 2 vols. &. xiv, 392, [1], [1]; [iii], 390, [1]; [iii] pp. With 45 copper engraved views, plans and maps, many folding. Handsome period style red gilt tooled quarter straight grained morocco with patterned papered boards and vellum tips. A very good set.
With the presentation: "Donne par L'Auteur" inscribed on the title page of the atlas volume.
"Jacques-Gérard Milbert was a French naturalist and artist. In 1800, Milbert embarked on Nicolas Baudin's voyage to Australia. During the voyage, Milbert and several other artists became ill, and the artists and the captain came into conflict. This caused several artists, including Milbert, to leave the voyage at Mauritius, leaving Charles-Alexandre Lesueur to produce the voyage's scientific drawings. Milbert returned to France, where in 1812 he published a series of views of Mauritius, the Cape Colony and Tenerife, titled Voyage pittoresque à l'Ile de France, au Cap de Bonne Espérence et à l'Ile de Ténériffe" (Wikipedia). Milbert was invited on the expedition by M. Bory de Vincent. Gay 266; Mendelssohn II, p.13.



194. MINAEV, Ivan Pavlovich (1840-1890)
Ocherki Tseilona i Indii: iz Putevikh Zametok Russkogo [Essays on Ceylon and India: From the Travel Notes of a Russian].

Saint Petersburg: L.F. Panteleev, 1878. First and Only Edition. Small Octavo, 2 vols. [4], v, 285; [4], ii, 239, [2 - catalogue] pp. Period style green quarter morocco with green cloth boards, with gilt lettered spines, custom made green slip case. Later owner’s inscriptions on the title pages, half titles and in the end of the text, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare interesting account on Northern India, Nepal and Ceylon. A very rare work as no copy found in Worldcat.
Ivan Pavlovich Minaev was a prominent Russian specialist in Indian culture and moreover the founder of Russian scientific school of Indian studies. He worked as a professor in the Sanskrit department of the Eastern Faculty of Saint Petersburg University (from 1873), and was a member of Russian Geographical Society (from 1871). Minaev went on three travels to India, Ceylon, Burma and Nepal: in 1874-75, 1880 and 1885-86, during which he collected a great deal of Sanskrit and Pali manuscripts. His main interest was Buddhism, and its philosophy; he translated and published several important pieces of Buddhist literature. He also was highly interested in the current state of India at the time.
The present work is the first and only edition of his account of his first travel to India. Minaev spent two years there(1874-75) and went to most parts of Ceylon, Nepal, and northern India from Calcutta to Lahore, including the provinces of Bihar, Punjab and Rajputana (modern Rajastan). The trip was supported by the Russian Geographical society which provided Minaev with the necessary letters of introduction to the Indian officials and public figures. His main goal was to study Buddhism and Indo-Muslim relations which determined the route of the trip and content of his notes. It is no coincidence that Minaev chose to follow Carlyle’s words as an epigraph to his account: "It is well said, in every sense, that a man’s religion is the chief fact with regard to him."
"Ocherki" contains an interesting description of Ceylon, as the author went to some of its furthermost parts, and the current decline of the island is described, in comparison to the "glorious past of Ceylon." He also describes Nepal, including Kathmandu, as well as India’s population, their occupation, especially agriculture, forms of land possessions, manners and customs, entertainments, folklore.
Noteworthy are his remarks of the relations between the Indian colonial administration and the locals: "The one who has seen the English rule in India itself and, not being carried away with wrongly understood patriotism, didn’t close his eyes for all the good which Englishmen done there, that person will of course be far away from the thought of a new foreign hegemony over Indians. It’s not the dreamlike plans of grandiose conquest that should be the stimuli for studies of India in Russia. We need to know the richest English possessions because England in Asia is our neighbour and our rival. The result of our rivalry strongly depends on our knowledge of British rule at home and over its oversee colonies; the better, more comprehensively and objectively we’ll estimate everything that has been done by England, the closer will be our success" (p. Iv, emphasis added). In the Preface Minaev underlined, that the "comprehensive studying of ancient and modern India is one of the urgent necessities for Russia" (p. Ii).
Russian Historic Encyclopaedia, Russian Brokhaus dictionary on-line, Great Soviet Encyclopaedia.



195. MONTANUS, Arnoldus (1625-1683)
Ambassades Mémorables de la Compagnie des Indes Orientales des Provinces Unies vers les Empereurs du Japon [Memorable Embassies of East India Company of the United Provinces to the Emperor of Japan].

Amsterdam: Jacob de Meurs, 1680. First French Edition. Folio. [vi], 227, [8], 146, [6] pp. Title in red and black with integral engraved vignette. Engraved additional title, 26 engraved maps and plates (1 folding map, 4 folding plates, 21 double-page plates), 70 engraved illustrations, occasional engraved initials and head-pieces. Period full vellum hand written title on spine in ink. Plates with some minor repaired tears, otherwise a very good copy.
This work "is a rich compilation of descriptions of emissaries of the Dutch East India Company and their encounters with natives and Portuguese, devoted strictly to Japan, its land and its people" (Christies). "It remains one of the most important works on Japan published in the seventeenth century, and includes fine town views of Edo (Tokyo), Osaka and the Dutch trading settlement Deshima" (Sothebys). This detailed, highly illustrated monumental work on Japan was compiled by the Dutch minister Arnold Montanus. He based his work on journals from the Dutch East India Company Embassy of 1649 which had pretended to be "an official embassy from the Dutch government rather than from the VOC" (Lach: Asia in the Making of Europe p.1876) and "the description of Henry Indyk's Embassy to Edo in March 1661, [which] is unusually rich in details" (Lach p.1881).
"During this period of isolation (Sakoku) that began in 1635.., the shogunate placed foreigners under progressively tighter restrictions. It monopolized foreign policy and expelled traders, missionaries, and foreigners with the exception of the Dutch and Chinese merchants who were restricted to the man-made island of Dejima in Nagasaki Bay and several small trading outposts outside the country" (Wikipedia); "The plates to this work represent a high-water mark in book illustrations of the 17th century" (Cox I p.325); Cordier Japonica 385; Howgego E4; Landwehr VOC 525.



196. MONTULE, Edouard de (b. 1792)
[Atlas Volume] Voyage en Angleterre et en Russie, pendant les annees 1821, 1822 et 1823 [Voyage to England and Russia in the Years 1821, 1822 and 1823].

Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1825. First Edition. Folio. [iv] pp. With a lithographed title page and twenty-eight other lithographed plates. Period red gilt tooled quarter sheep with patterned papered boards. Ink inscription on the rear free fly leaf made by the owner ‘Marestan, lieutenant d’artillerie’. A very good copy.
Atlas only of the first edition of Montulé’s travels across Western and Central Europe (was issued with two text volumes).
The plates include street views of London, Westminster, Greenwich, Windsor, Edinburgh, Amsterdam, Krakow and Vienna. Natural wonders are represented with the impressive scenery of the Hebrides Archipelago, Giants’ Causeway in Ireland, druid’s monuments in England, and two plates of the interior of the Wieliczka Salt Mine (southern Poland) including a view of the chapel entirely curved out of the rock salt. The ten plates dedicated to Russia show the Red Square in Moscow with the St. Basil’s Cathedral, several views of the Kremlin, Petrovsky Palace in Moscow, a convent and a village; a nice panorama of Moscow taken from the road to Kaluga, a building of the Old Stock Exchange in Saint Petersburg, and a view of Smolensk.
Édouard de Montulé was a Knight of the Legion of Honour, also known for his earlier travel to America, Italy and Egypt in 1816-1819 which is resulted in his book "Voyage en Amérique, en Italie, en Siciel et en Égypte, pendant les années 1816, 1817, 1818 et 1819" (Paris, 1821).



197. NARES, Captain George, Sir (bap. 1831, d. 1915)
Journals and Proceedings of the Arctic Expedition, 1875-6; [With] a Carte de Viste Photograph of Nares produced by J. Griffin & Co. London ca. 1878.

London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 1877. First Edition With a Carte de Viste Photograph of Nares. Folio. vii, 484 pp. With text illustrations plus nine uncolored maps (seven folding), seven colored maps (six folding), and sixteen plates (twelve folding). Period navy patterned gilt lettered full cloth. A near fine copy.
This work is the official British government report of the Arctic Expedition of 1876- 7 commanded by Captain George S. Nares. The expedition's primary objective was to attain the highest northern latitude and, if possible, to reach the North Pole, and from winter quarters to explore the adjacent coasts within the reach of traveling parties. The expedition was the first to sail ships through the channel between Greenland and Ellesmere Island and as far north as the Lincoln Sea. A sledging party under Captain Albert Hastings Markham also set a new record on land, reaching as far north as 83° 20'.
The "British Arctic expedition of 1875-6, in the vessels Alert and Discovery, [had] the chief aim of which was to reach the north pole. Reports of the American expeditions of Isaac Israel Hayes, 1860-61, and C. F. Hall, 1870-73, had revived the belief in an open polar sea and suggested that land extended far to the north, west of Robeson Channel. Both these theories proved to be wrong, but at the time they indicated the Smith Sound route as the best line of advance to the pole. The vessels sailed on 29 May 1875 and reached winter quarters on the coast of Grinnell Land (Ellesmere Island), the Discovery in latitude 81°44' N., and the Alert, with Nares, in latitude 82°27' N ‘the most northerly point hitherto reached in the Canadian Arctic’ (Levere, 281). The following spring sledge parties were sent out. That led by Lieutenant Pelham Aldrich of the Alert explored the north coast of Ellesmere Island westwards. They reached its most northerly point (Cape Columbia) and continued to Cape Alfred Ernest (Alert Point) before turning back, having charted some 400 km of new coastline (Hattersley-Smith, 121). Lieutenant Lewis A. Beaumont of the Discovery followed the coast of Greenland northwards to Sherard Osborn Fjord. Meanwhile, a party led by Commander A. H. Markham of the Alert struck out over the ice in an attempt to get to the pole. They reached 83°20' N, a heroic achievement considering that the pack ice was extremely rough, and also drifting south almost as fast as they were travelling northwards. Their experience and an outbreak of scurvy affecting both ships led Nares to call off the entire expedition and return home early, in the late summer of 1876" (Oxford DNB).
This official work includes reports of the expedition's two ships, the Alert and the Discovery, and various autumn 1875 and spring 1876 traveling parties (including journals of the various sledge parties). The volume provides incredible detail concerning the daily activities and experience of the expedition, including descriptions of the ice, weather, wildlife, vegetation, and the health and activities of the members of the expedition. The appendix: Nares' report on the quality and quantity of the provisions, is also of great interest, noting which supplies were particularly worthwhile and which items were useless. Howgego 1850-1940, Polar Regions N6.



198. OBRUCHEV, Sergey Vladimirovich (1891-1965)
[Last Major Discovery in Siberia] V Nevedomykh Gorakh Yakutii. Otkrytie Khrebta Cherskogo [In the Unknown Yakutian Mountains: Discovery of the Chersky Range].

Moscow-Leningrad: Gosugarstvennoe Izdatelstvo, 1928. First Edition. 247 pp. With illustrations in text (portrait, views, maps) and one folding color map. Period style brown half sheep with gilt tooled and gilt lettered spine and marbled boards. Illustrated front wrapper preserved in the binding. A very good copy.
First account of the discovery of the Chersky Range in North-eastern Siberia, between the Yana and Indigirka rivers. This was the last mayor discovery of a blank spot on the map of Russia. Sergey Obruchev, the son of the famous Russian explorer and writer Vladimir Obruchev (1863-1956), and himself a prominent Soviet traveller and geologist explored the basins of Yana and Indigirka in 1926, later proving them to be gold-bearing. Obruchev named the newly discovered range of mountains after traveller and explorer Ivan Chersky who died in the region during his scientific expedition to the Kolyma River in 1892.
The account is written in a captivating manner and describes the land the expedition crossed, its nature and inhabitants, the hardships they encountered, extremely low temperatures etc. The book is illustrated with numerous photographs of the expedition, natives, and the Yakutian landscapes. Parts of north-eastern Siberia are mapped for the first time.
As the author notes in the Preface, "there are countries which are extremely popular amongst the lovers of geography. Everybody is captivated by travels to Central Asia, Africa, South America, the Poles. And no one is interested in the vastness of Northern Siberia, whose unexplored lands are not smaller than in Africa. Who of the general readers knows what hardships await a scientist in Yakutia or Taimyr? Everyone can knows about the circumstances of the deaths of Sedov or Scott, but who knows about the sufferings and death of the Great Northern Expedition or about Middendorf’s crossing of the Taimyr when he, dying, lay in the snow for 18 days?.. I’m far away from creating a romantic halo around Siberian North... My task is just to tell about my expedition to Indigirka - to the places entirely unknown before."



199. OVALLE, Alonso de (1618-1651)
An Historical Relation of the Kingdom of Chile of the Company of Jesus.

London: Henry Lintot and John Osborn, 1732. Second English Edition. Folio. [iv], 138 pp. Handsome period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards, raised bands and a red gilt morocco label. A very good copy.
Complete in itself extract out of Churchill's Voyages. "The work is dived into six books in which the author treats of the natural state of the kingdom of Chile, the dispositions of its inhabitants, the coming of the Spaniards and their conquest of the country, the war fare with the Indians etc" (Cox II, p. 265); "For many years the Historic relacion (Spanish First Edition of this work) was the principal and preferred source of information about Chile for European readers, due to its elegant prose, [and] power of synthesis" (Howgego O24).



200. PALLAS, Peter Simon (1741-1810)
Voyages de M. P.S. Pallas en Differentes Provinces de L'Empire de Russie, Et Dans L'Asie Septentrionale; Traduits de L'Allemand, Par M. Gauthier de la Peyronie, Commis des Affaires Etrangeres
[Travels of P.S. Pallas in different Provinces of the Russian Empire, and in Northern Asia, Translated from the German, By Mr. Gauthier de la Peyronie, Commisioner of Foreign Affairs].

Paris: Maradan, 1789-93. First French Edition. Quarto 5 vols. & Smal lFolio Atlas. xxxii, 773, [3]; [iv], 550, [1]; [iv], 491, [1]; [iv], 722, [2]; [iv], 559, [1]; [iv] pp. With a large folding hand-colored copper-engraved map on 2 sheets; 122 copper engravings on 107 sheets, 29 of them folding or double-page. Original pink papered boards, rebacked in style with new printed paper labels. A few leaves with very mild water staining, otherwise a very handsome large uncut set in very original condition.
"In 1767 Pallas received an invitation from Catherine II of Russia to take a position at the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg. From that position he was authorized to lead an expedition into Siberia to observe the transit of Venus. He took seven astronomers and five naturalists with him, and the expedition became primarily oriented toward natural history. The exploration continued from 1768 to 1774, during which time some of the information was prepared for publication. The first volume appeared in 1771, a German edition printed in St. Petersburg, with subsequent volumes issued to 1776. The text is a broad survey of all aspects of natural history, as well as a study of the various peoples of Siberia. The atlas includes a number of maps, plus natural history, costume, and scenery, etc" (PBA Galleries).
"The expedition set out from Moscow on 30.4.68.., The first summer was spent traversing the plains of European Russia, and the winter passed at Simbirsk on the Volga. The next year was spent on the borders of Kalmuk Tartary, when Pallas carefully examined the shores of the Caspian Sea. The transit of Venus on 3.6.69 was observed at Tobolsk. The party then proceeded through Orenburg and passed the next winter (1769-70) at Ufa. In 1770 Pallas crossed the Ural Mountains to Katarinenburg, examining the mines in the neighbourhood. In 1771 the members of the expedition reached the Altai Mountains, from where they travelled to winter at Krasnoyarsk, observing that the mercury froze in their thermometers. They also found a wide distribution of mammoth and rhinoceros fossils in the Siberian Ice. In the following spring (1772) Pallas penetrated as far as Lake Baikal, and followed the caravan route as far as Kiakhta on the Mongolian border. For the next two years the members of the expedition slowly proceeded homewards, on the way visiting Astrakhan and the Caucasus Mountains. Pallas arrived back in St. Petersburg in July 1774 with a vast amount of data and many fossil specimens, but broken in health. His hair was apparently whitened with fatigue, and nearly all of his companions had died" (Howgego P10); Atabey 918.



201. PARROT, [Johann Jacob] Friedrich [Wilhelm] (1792-1841)
Journey to Ararat.

London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1845. First English Edition. Octavo. xii, 375 pp. With a folding engraved map and numerous wood engravings in text. Extra illustrated with a tinted lithographed frontispiece. Original publisher’s brown cloth decorated with blind-stamped and gilt ornaments on cover and gilt lettered on the spine. All edges gilt. Spine slightly faded and extremities slightly rubbed, but overall a very good copy.
Captivating description of the first ascent of Ararat made in 1829 by the Baltic German naturalist and traveller Dr. Friedrich Parrot. The very rare first German edition was published in 1834 (Berlin). Parrot was one of the last travellers to visit the Agori village and the monastery of Saint Jacob, located on Ararat’s slopes, before a disastrous earthquake completely buried both in May 1840. The English edition of his account is supplemented with an interesting description of the earthquake which supposedly was accompanied by Ararat’s eruption.
Johann Jacob Friedrich Wilhelm Parrot was a Baltic German naturalist and traveller, professor of the University of Dorpat and Russian Imperial Councillor of State. Together with Khachatur Abovian (Armenian writer and national public figure), Parrot became the first modern explorer to reach the summit of Mount Ararat, subsequent to the onset of Russian rule in 1829. Abovian and Parrot crossed the Aras River and headed to the Armenian village of Agori situated on the northern slope of Ararat 4,000 feet above sea level. They set up a base camp at the Monastery of Saint Jacob some 2,400 feet higher, at an elevation of 6,375 feet. They reached the summit on the third attempt, eventually using the north-western slope.
"We passed without stopping over a couple of hills; there we felt the mountain wind; I pressed forward round a projecting mound of snow, and behold! Before my eyes, now intoxicated with joy, lay the extreme cone, the highest pinnacle of Ararat. Still, a last effort was required of us to ascend a tract of ice by means of steps, and that accomplished, about a quarter past three on the 27th September, 1829, WE STOOD ON THE TOP OF ARARAT" (from the account).
Abovian dug a hole in the ice and erected a wooden cross facing north. He also picked up a chunk of ice from the summit and carried it down with him in a bottle, considering it water holy. In a couple of weeks Parrot and Abovian climbed up the second peak of the mountain, or the Lesser Ararat (Wikipedia).
The book also contains numerous scientific observations (barometrical, temperature, magnetic, astronomical, geological etc); appendix includes the analysis of the relative level of the Caspian Sea.
Atabey 925; Blackmer 1257; Neate P13.



202. PATERSON, Lieutenant William (1755-1810)
A Narrative of Four Journeys into the Country of the Hottentots, and Caffraria, in the Years 1777, 1778, 1779.

London: J. Johnson, 1790. Second Corrected and Enlarged Edition. Quarto. xii, 175 pp. With a folding map and nineteen copper engraved plates. Handsome period style brown gilt tooled speckled half calf with marbled boards. Some plates very slightly foxed, otherwise a very good copy.
"Mr. Patterson accompanied Colonel Gordon (Commander of the Troops of the Dutch East India Company in South Africa) and Jacob van Reenen in several trips to the interior. He remarked that he does not give a description of the Cape as he would be only repeating what Sparrman and Mason (Masson) had already communicated in their publications. In the course of his travels the author penetrated as far as Namaqualand on the west, and the Great Fish River on the south-east. Although the principal feature of the work is a description of the botanical specimens collected and noted by Mr. Paterson, there are many interesting notes respecting the natives, with a few remarks on the Dutch Colonists" (Mendelssohn II p.143).
"Paterson is credited with having brought to England the first giraffe skin ever seen there. He made four expeditions into the interior from the Cape to the Orange River and Kaffir land, mainly in the interest of natural history. He collected many birds and numerous specimens of plants. In 1789 he was one of the lieutenants who were chosen to recruit and command a corps for the purpose of protecting the new convict colony at Botany Bay. Later he was appointed Governor of New South Wales" (Cox I p.390); "Paterson's journal, one of the first in English to describe the interior of South Africa, was published in 1789" (Howgego P28).



203. PEREIRA-CALDAS
Ihlas Carolinas, Conflicto Hispano-Allemao. Arbitrativamente Solvido em Roma a 17 de Dezembro de 1885, Pelo Papa Leao XIII em Mediacao Diplomatica Entre os Contendentes Escolhida [Caroline Islands, Spanish-German Conflict, Arbitration solved in Rome on December 17, 1885, by Pope Leo XIII in Diplomatic Mediation Chosen by the Contenders].

Porto: A. J. Da Silva Teixeira, 1886. Limited First Edition. Large Octavo. 29, [2] pp. Original publishers light-blue printed wrappers. Covers a little dust soiled and with a couple of small edge chips of rear cover, text mildly browned otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare work as no copy found in Worldcat. Unnumbered copy of a total edition of 630 copies. "It took about five stopovers by five different European ships before the name "Islas de Carolina" was used to refer to the stretch of islands located south of Guam. The name finally stuck when in 1686, a Spaniard by the name of Francisco Lazcano, named them after King Charles II of Spain who funded the expedition.
Some few Western travellers subsequently visited the islands, but an early visit of missionaries (1732) resulted in one of several murderous attacks on the newcomers; and only in 1875 did Spain, claiming the group, make some attempt to assert her rights. The Caroline Islands were subsequently placed under the Spanish East Indies, administered from the Philippines. Germany, which had occupied Yap, disputed the Spanish claim, and the matter went to the arbitration of Pope Leo XIII in 1885. He decided in favor of Spain, but gave Germany free trading rights. The Spanish did not occupy any island formally until 1886.
Then in 1899 in the German-Spanish Treaty (1899), as a consequence of the Spanish-American War of 1898, Spain sold the islands to Germany for 25,000,000 pesetas or respectively 17 million Marks (nearly 1,000,000 pounds sterling), which administered them as Karolinen, administratively associated with German New Guinea" (Wikipedia).



204. PINTO, Fernão Mendes (ca.1509-1583)
Peregrinaçaõ de Fernaõ Mendes Pinto e por elle escritta que consta de muytas, e muyto estranhas cousas, que vio, & ouvio no reyno da China, no da Tartaria, no de Pegú, no de Martavaõ, & em outros muytos reynos, & senhorios das partes orientaes... E agora novamente correcta, e acrecentada com o Itenerario de Antonio Tenreyro, que da India veyo por terra a este reyno de Portugal, em que se contém a viagem, & jornada que fez no dito caminho, & outras muytas terras, & cidades, onde esteve antes de fazer esta jornada…
[The Voyages and Adventures, of Fernand Mendez Pinto, a Portugal: During his Travels for the space of one and twenty years in the Kingdoms of Ethiopia, China, Tartaria, Cauchin-china, Calaminham, Siam, Pegu, Japan, and a great part of the East-Indiaes. With a Relation and Description of most of the Places thereof].

Lisboa: na officina Ferreyrinana, 1725. Expanded & Corrected Portuguese Fourth Edition. Small Folio. [iv], 468 pp. Very handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled full calf. A near fine copy.
Very Rare as only one copy found in Worldcat. This edition with "Breve discurso, em que se conta a conquista do reino de Pegu..." (p. 435-458).
This is a translation from the Spanish of Manuel d'Abreu Mousinho on the conquest of Pegu (Burma) in 1600 which is not present in the first and second editions. Pinto a Portuguese explorer whose "exploits are known through the posthumous publication of his memoir Pilgrimage (Portuguese: Peregrinação) in 1614. In the course of his travels in the Middle and Far East, Pinto visited Ethiopia, the Arabian Sea, China (where he claimed to have been a forced laborer on the Great Wall), India and Japan. He claimed to have been among the first group of Europeans to visit Japan and initiate the Nanban trade period. He also claimed to have introduced the gun there in 1543. It is known that he funded the first Christian church in Japan, after befriending a Catholic missionary and founding member of the Society of Jesus later known as St Francis Xavier" (Wikipedia).
Upon returning to Portugal, Pinto wrote "his famous Peregrinacao, now regarded as one of the finest travel books of all time” (Howgego P99). "It is, moreover, a classic record of the experiences and observations of one of the earliest Europeans to penetrate into the interior of oriental countries, which, in that era, were practically unknown. He was the first European to enter Japan (in 1542), seven years before Saint Francis Xavier, the Apostle of the Indies" (Cox I, p. 324).



205. POLIAKOV, Ivan Semenovich (1845-1887)
[Siberian Arctic and Khanty Tribes] Pisma i Otcheti o Puteshestvii v Dolinu Reki Obi, Ispolnennom po Porucheniu Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk [Letters and Reports of the Travel to the Basin of the River Ob, Executed on Assignment of the Imperial Academy of Sciences]. Supplement #2 to the Volume XXX "Proceedings of the Imperial Academy of Sciences."

Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1877. First Edition. Octavo. [6], 187 pp. Period brown half sheep with marbled boards and red sheep label on the spine with faded gilt lettering. A very good copy.
Very rare short-run imprint as no copies found in Worldcat. The book is based on the expedition undertaken in the summer of 1876 on assignment of Imperial Academy of Sciences. Poliakov went from Saint Petersburg through Perm, Yekaterinburg and Tumen to Tobolsk, sailed down the Irtysh and Ob rivers to Ob’s mouth, went up the Gulf of Ob to the River Nadym and turned back.
Poliakov thoroughly described the Irtysh, Ob and Nadym rivers, the shores of the Arctic Ocean at the Gulf of Ob; its geography, flora and fauna. A separate part was dedicated to the Khanty tribes (Ostiaks) inhabiting the region, conditions of their life, occupation, customs, food, costumes etc. The purpose of the book is "to draw a picture of the most remarkable features of the nature of this land and its inhabitants" (Preface).
Ivan Poliakov was a Russian geographer, zoologist and writer, the Curator of the Zoological Museum of the Imperial Academy of Sciences. Born near the River Argun on Russian-Chinese border, he studied in Irkutsk, and later in Saint Petersburg University. After meeting members of the Eastern-Siberian department of the Russian Geographical Society, Poliakov went on several scientific travels to Siberia (Olekma basin, Lake Baikal, Sajani), Northern and Central Russia, Caucasus, Sakhalin and Japan. He edited "The Proceedings of the Russian Geographical Society" and wrote about 50 articles on numerous topics of natural history and geography. For his work Poliakov was awarded with the silver and small gold medals of the Russian Geographical Society.



206. RAMOS, Accurcio Garcia
Noticia do archipelago dos Açores e do que ha mais importante na sua historia natural [News of the Archipelago of the Azores and Important Information of Their Natural History].

Angra do Heroismo (Terceira Island): Typ. Terceirense, 1869. First Edition Author's Presentation Copy. Octavo. [vi], 150, [1] pp. Author's presentation inscription to M.P da Mira Franco on initial blank leaf recto. Later brown gilt tooled mottled half sheep with faux crocodile papered boards. Original publishers printed front wrapper bound in. A very good copy.
A very rare early Azorian imprint with only two copies found in Worldcat. An interesting account of the Azores and its inhabitants, describing the geography, natural and political divisions, climate, flora and fauna, manners, customs and dress. The author, a native of Terceira, received a degree in surgical medicine from the Escholas Medico-Cirurgica in Lisbon.
Innocêncio XX, 80.



207. RASSAM, Hormuzd (1826-1910)
Narrative of the British Mission to Theodore, King of Abyssinia, with Notices of the Countries Traversed from Massowah, through the Soodan, the Amhara, and Back to Annesley Bay, from Magdala.

London: John Murray, 1869. Author's Presentation First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xvi, 320, 32; ix, [i], 360, 18 pp. With two wood engraved frontispieces, three other wood engraved plates, two folding, two folding maps and four text wood engravings. Recent maroon gilt tooled half morocco with cloth boards and blue gilt labels. New endpapers, overall a very good set.
With the inscription on the volume II title page:"Presented to Chett: Coll: Library by the Author, Sept. 1872, Rassam"; no library markings.
"Rassam's responsibilities in both southern Arabia and the African coast opposite led to his selection in 1864 for the delicate and dangerous mission, carried out under the aegis of the Foreign Office, of delivering a letter from Queen Victoria to Emperor Theodore of Ethiopia. This was an attempt to secure the release of the British consul, Charles Duncan Cameron, and a number of Europeans, among them Henry Aaron Stern and other missionaries, some with families, who had been working for the London Mission to the Jews. All were held prisoner in the Ethiopian highlands.
Rassam landed at Massawa in the Sudan, which was then under Egyptian rule, on 23 July 1864 and, apart from a short visit to Cairo, remained there for over a year before receiving Theodore's permission to enter Ethiopia. Accompanied by Lieutenant W. F. Prideaux of the Bombay staff corps and Dr Henry Blanc of the Indian Medical Service, Rassam eventually left Massawa in October 1865 on the long and difficult trek to Theodore's camp at Damot, where on 28 January 1866 he delivered the queen's letter to the emperor. At first all seemed to go well; the prisoners were released and allowed to join Rassam, and were ready to leave for the coast with him in April when the unpredictable Theodore had the whole party, including Rassam, arrested. They were taken to the mountain fortress of Magdala where they were put in chains, and where they remained until April 1868 when they were saved by the arrival of Sir Robert Napier and his troops from India. Remarkably, despite incarceration, Rassam remained on relatively good terms with the emperor and was able to communicate via Massawa with Aden.
Rassam reached London on 22 June 1868. His detailed report on his mission to Ethiopia was published in December as a parliamentary paper, together with a letter to him from the foreign secretary, Lord Stanley, expressing the British government's:
high sense of your conduct … you appear throughout to have acted for the best, and your prudence, discretion, and good management seem to have tended greatly to preserve the lives and thus to secure the ultimate release of the captives. (‘Report’)
He was also awarded £5000 as compensation for his four-year ordeal.
Before retiring on an India Office pension at the end of 1869 Rassam took leave <...>. He also had his two-volume Narrative of the British Mission to Theodore, King of Abyssinia published" (Oxford DNB); Hess & Coger 853; Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, R5.



208. RENNELL, James (1742-1830)
Memoir of a Map of Hindoostan; Or the Mogul Empire: With an Introduction, Illustrative of the Geography and Present Division of that Country... To Which is Added, an Appendix, Containing an Account of the Ganges and Burrampooter Rivers.

London: M. Browne, for the Author, 1788. First Edition. Quarto. cxi, [i], 295, [51] pp. With four copper engraved maps, all but one folding. Period speckled brown full calf with maroon gilt label. Hinges cracked but holding, extremities rubbed, otherwise a very good copy.
Rennell's "maps were of the greatest importance.., He was a close friend of Sir Joseph Banks, the eminent naturalist. Admiral Markham remarks of him that he was the greatest geographer that Great Britain has yet produced" (Cox I, p302). "In 1764 Rennell was appointed Surveyor-general for Bengal, and supervised much of the early mapping of eastern India, work which culminated in the publication in 1780 of his famous Bengal Atlas. He left India in 1777 and after returning to London devoted himself to the study of geography" (Howgego R29).
"Rennell's general map of India, first published as ‘Hindoostan’ in 1782 and dedicated to Sir Joseph Banks, was, on the other hand, a compilation of the surveys, reports, and sketches of others, and subject to constant revision by him. Two versions of the map were published, in 1782 and 1788, the first with two editions of Memoir of a Map of Hindoostan, the second with three editions to 1793 of a new Memoir and various appendices. Rennell was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1781, and awarded the society's Copley medal in 1791" (Oxford DNB).



209. RENNELL, James (1742-1830)
Map of Bengal and Bahar in VIII Parts [A Bengal Atlas: containing maps of the theatre of war and commerce on that side of Hindostan : compiled from the original surveys, and published by order of the Honourable the Court of Directors for the affairs of the East India Company].

[London]: J. Rennell, [1781]. First Edition. Folio. Copper engraved title page (dated 1779), contents leaf and twenty-one copper engraved folding views and maps. Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and maroon gilt label. Contents leaf and several maps mounted, some maps with repaired chipped edges (some with minor loss of printed surface, several maps with repaired tears, overall a quite heavily restored but good copy.
Rennell's "maps were of the greatest importance.., He was a close friend of Sir Joseph Banks, the eminent naturalist. Admiral Markham remarks of him that he was the greatest geographer that Great Britain has yet produced" (Cox I, p302). "In 1764 Rennell was appointed Surveyor-general for Bengal, and supervised much of the early mapping of eastern India, work which culminated in the publication in 1780 of his famous Bengal Atlas. He left India in 1777 and after returning to London devoted himself to the study of geography" (Howgego R29).
"In England in 1778 Rennell proposed a new set of maps of Bengal to replace the inadequate small-scale maps published by the East India Company from his earlier surveys, and, with the guarantee of a bulk order from the company, had plates engraved to publish A Bengal Atlas first in 1780. The bulk consignment, en route for India for the use of company officials, was captured at sea by French and Spanish ships, and Rennell produced a new enlarged Atlas, with river maps and tables of distances, in 1781. A Bengal Atlas remained the standard administrative map of Bengal for almost fifty years, the river maps being pirated in Calcutta in 1825, and the last recorded London reprint appearing in 1829 or 1830" (Oxford DNB).



210. RENOUARD DE SAINTE-CROIX, Felix
Voyage commercial et politique aux Indes Orientales, aux iles Philippines, a la Chine, avec des notions sur la Cochinchine et le Tonquin, pendant les années 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806 et 1807, contenant des observations et des renseignements, tant sur les productions territoriales et industrielles que sur le commerce de ces pays; des tableaux d'importations et d'exportations du commerce d'Europe en Chine, depuis 1804 jusqu'en 1807; des remarques sur les moeurs, les coutumes, le gouvernement, les lois, les idiômes, les religions, etc.; un apperçu des moyens à employer pour affranchir ces contrée.
[Commercial and Political Voyage to the East Indies, Philippine Islands, China, and Cochin China and Tonquin, during the years 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806 and 1807..,].

Paris: Crapelet for Clament frères, 1810. First Edition. Octavo, 3 vols. x, 301; [iv], 390; [iv], 291, [1] pp. With two engraved hand colored folding maps and four folding tables. Period brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with orange gilt labels and marbled boards housed in a matching slip case. A very good set.
Sainte-Croix was a French officer, responsible for the defence of the Philippines. Renouard de Sainte-Croix arrived in Pondicherry, India, in 1802 and was almost immediately imprisoned by the English. After he was liberated, he stayed for two more years in India and went amongst others to the coasts of Coromandel and Malabar. He then travelled to the Philippines where he visited Manila, and the gold mines of Mabulao. Cordier Indosinica, 2425; Howgego 1800-1850, D12; Lust 384.



211. RODEVICH, Vsevolod Mikhailovich (1878-1942)
[Russian Annexation of Tuva] Ocherk Uriankhaiskogo Kraia (Mongolskogo Basseina Reki Eniseia) [An Essay on the Uriankhai Region (Mongolian Basin of the Yenisei River)].
Issued as vol. XXIV of "Materiali dlia Opisaniia Russkikh Rek I Istorii Uluchsheniia ikh Sudokhodnikh Uslovii" [Materials for Description of Russian Rivers and the History of Enhancing the Navigation Along Them].

Saint Petersburg: Ministry of Transport, 1910. First Edition. Quarto. [2], II, [4], 206 pp. With 20 photographic plates and a large folding color lithographed map. Period style dark brown sheep with gilt lettered spine, with front publisher’s wrapper bound in. A few library stamps on the title and in the text, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare as only two copies found in Worldcat.
Important account of the Russian expedition 1907-1909 to the Uriankhai Region on the Upper Yenisei, between Sayan and Tannu-Ola Mountains, then a territory of China. The official purpose of the expedition was to determine how navigable the Yenisei River was on the way from Minusinsk to the Russian border and further, to its upper reaches. The expedition though had an obvious political intention as Uriakhai had for a long time been a sphere of Russian interests. It was attractive because of rich deposits of gold (the first two Russian gold mines were founded in the Sayan Mountains in 1838-39), profitable trade with the locals (started in 1840's) and vast territories suitable for Russian settlers who came there in large numbers in 1870's. In 1906-1910 the Russian government sent several expeditions to Uriankhai to prospect its deposits of gold and asbestos and determine the viability for the construction of the Usinskii Tract, the latter started in 1911.
Our account written by the head of the research party, "can serve as a reference on the ‘Uriankhay question’ in its modern state" (Preface). Richly illustrated with photographs made by a member of the Minusinsk Photographic Society, N. Fedorov, the book describes the Uriankhai geography, population, history of relations with Chinese, Mongolians and Russians; Russian population in the region and its main activities; transport; "Uriakhai border question," "Migration to Uriankhai"; "Measures of Support of Russian Entrepreneurs in Uriankhai" and others. Eight supplements include statistics on the Russian settlements, gold mines, trade turnover etc; main bibliography of the question and a detailed map of Uriankhai showing railroads, caravan roads, mountain trails and passes, river rapids, gold deposits etc.
Russia’s annexation of Uriankhai was raised just two years after the book was published. With the end of the Xinhai Revolution in China (1911) a few major feudal lords in Uriankhai asked the Russian Emperor to take the region as a Russian protectorate. It happened on the April 17, 1914, and Uriankhai was included into the Irkutsk Province. In 1921 Uriankhai became the People’s Republic of Tannu-Tuva, in 1944 it was included into Russian Socialistic Republic, currently it’s the Tuva Republic, a south-Siberian part of Russian Federation. Several sources including the "Bulletin of Russian Academy of Sciences" (1994) defined Tuva (especially in 1990's) an unstable region with strong separatist tendencies and tension between Native ethnicities and a diminishing Russian population.



212. ROHLFS, Gerhard (1831-1896)
Drei Monate in der Libyschen Wüste. Mit Beiträgen von P. Ascherson, W. Jordan und K. Zittel [Three Months in the Libyan Desert].

Kassel: Theodor Fischer, 1875. First Edition. Octavo. [xii], 340 pp. With sixteen tipped in original photographs from Remele, eleven lithographs (some folding), eighteen wood engravings. Lacking the large folding map. Original red decorative pictorial gilt cloth. Recased and plates mildly foxed, otherwise a good copy.
"This well-planned enterprise was intended to provide detailed information on the Sahara, its inhabitants, geography and botany, and was backed by a team of eminent scientists. From Asyut in December 1873 Rohlfs followed the caravan route to the Farafra Oasis, then the next year proceeded to the oasis of Dakhla. From there he struck south-southwest into the sand desert for about 150 kilometers, turned north-northwest and after an epic crossing of the Great sand sea, which he was the first European to penetrate, arrived back at the Siwa oasis. Returning to Dakhla by a safer and more easterly route, he passed through the oasis of El Kharga to reach the Nile at Esneh in April 1874" (Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, R28).



213. SALES, Jean-Baptiste-Claude Delisle de (1741-1816)
Histoire d'Assyrie, ou Histoire des Monarchies de Ninive, de Babylone, et d'Ecbatane; avec des vues sur la population de l'Asie [History of Assyria, or History of Monarchies of Nineveh, Babylon, and Ecbatana, with Views on the Asian Population].

Paris: Avec Approbation & Privilege du Roi, 1780. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xlviii, 332, [4]; 300 pp. With a folding engraved map, four folding engraved plates, and two large folding engraved tables. Handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep. Extremities with mild wear, otherwise a very good set.
Very rare work as only two copies found in Worldcat. An interesting account on the history of Assyria with attractive engravings.
The author "was a French philosopher noted for his multi-edition, multi-volume opus The Philosophy of Nature: Treatise on Human Moral Nature <…> Sales challenged the young earth biblical 6,000 year old date of creation which was popular in his day; because of this he was put in jail and most of his books were burned, he believed the earth was around 140,000 years old and that the earth took 40,062 years to cool down since its formation, he claimed he obtained this knowledge from astronomical data. He however rejected the 3 million year old date of the earth which was taught in India at the time. Sales was a close friend of Voltaire who in 1777 visited a then imprisoned Sales, giving him 500 pounds to towards his release" (Wikipedia).



214. SALZBACHER, Dr. Joseph
Meine Reise nach Nord-Amerika im Jahre 1842. Mit statistischen Bemerkungen über die Zustände der katholischen Kirche bis auf die neueste Zeit [My Travels to North America in 1842..,].

Wien: Wimmer, Schmidt & Leo, 1845. First Edition. Octavo. [viii], [iv], 479, xii, [1], [1] pp. With a large outline hand coloured folding lithographed map. Period black gilt quarter cloth with marbled boards and blue gilt label. A very good copy.
Salzbacher's started from New York and travelled through Baltimore, Richmond, Charleston, Pittsburgh, Louisville, and St. Louis, and back to New York via Detroit and Buffalo. "An important journal of travels and observations in Virginia and Carolina, and thence westward to Ohio and Missouri and northward to Illinois and Michigan" (Eberstadt); Howes S58.



215. SCHERER, Alexander Nicolaus (1772-1824)
Versuch Einer Systematischen Uebersicht der Heilquellen des Russischen Reichs [Attempt of a Systematic Review of the Mineral Springs of the Russian Empire].

St. Petersburg: Kayserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1820. First Edition. Octavo. xviii, 338, [2] pp. With eleven folding hand colored maps including one large map of the Russian Empire. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Rebacked in period style using original boards. A near fine copy.
A rare work with only 15 copies found in Worldcat. First edition of this "for Russia meaningful work" (ADB), of the first systematic survey of spas in tsarist Russia. The eleven maps, which were most probably engraved after Julius Klaproth (1783-1835) by Carl Mar show all spas of the Russian Empire, with special maps of lake Baikal, Caucasus, Urals, Siberia, Caspian region and others.
Alexander Nicolaus v. Scherer (in Russian Alexander Ivanovich) was a Russian chemist of German origin, member of Russian Science Academy since 1815. The author of the first original chemistry textbook, published in Russian ('Rukovodstvo k prepodavaniiu khimii', 1808). Founder and first director of Saint Petersburg Pharmaceutical Society (1818). Actively promoted the progressive 'oxygen' theory of Antoine Lavoisier and significantly contributed in the development of Russian chemistry nomenclature.
Graduated from Jena University in 1794 and worked in Germany for several years. In 1803 returned to Russia and worked as a professor in Dorpat University, later, as a professor of chemistry in Medical Surgery Academy, Mining Cadet Corps and other educational institutions in Saint Petersburg. Also he a member of Copenhagen and Erfurt Science Academies, scientific societies of Berlin, Gottingen, Erfurt, Brussels, Paris, Leipzig and others. Created numerous scientific works regarding chemistry, pharmacology and mineralogy. In 1819-22 published in Saint Petersburg chemist magazine "Allgemeine nordische Annalen der Chemie." Russian Brokhaus Encyclopaedia; Russian Biographic Dictionary/ed. Polovtsov; Catalogue of Russian National library.



216. SEMEDO, Alvaro (1586-1658)
Imperio de la China y cultura evangelica en él, por los Religiosos de la Compañia de Jesus, sacado de las noticias del P. Alvaro Semmedo… [Empire of China and the Christian culture of the Society of Jesus, taken from the accounts of P. Alvaro Semmedo].

Lisbon: Officina Herreriana, 1731. Second Spanish Edition. Small Folio. [xix], 252 pp. Period style dark brown gilt tooled full calf with a red gilt morocco label. A few leaves with minor repair to blank margins, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare work. Semedo was the Portuguese Procurado General for China. This is a general description of Chinese society which describes the foreign missions and the Manchu campaigns. The manuscript was written by Semedo in Goa in 1638 and contains the first description of tea in a European work on China.
"Semedo first arrived in China in 1613, and worked there for the next twenty-four years. During this time he was associated with Johann Adam Schall von Bell, whom he joined at Xian in 1628, and was responsible for the first European translation of the engraved pillar commemorating the arrival of the Nestorian Alopen. Sent back to Europe as procurator in Rome for the China mission, he called at Goa, where in 1638 he completed his Relacao da propagacao de fe no regno da China e outras adjacentes, a valuable account of the conditions in China at the end of the Ming dynasty. The Portuguese original of the work eventually reached the hands of the Portuguese historian, Manuel Faria y Sousa, who edited it into an historical form and had it translated into Spanish" (Howgego S81).
"This work gives a long account of China, its various provinces, inhabitants and their manners and customs, Government and Military Art, propagation of the Gospel, and more particularly an account of the labours of the Jesuits there" Cox. I, p. 323); Cordier Sinica 23-24.
"On 29 March 1608, [Semedo] left for Goa and the Far East aboard Na. Sra. Do Vencimento. He arrived to Macau in 1610, and to Nanjing in 1613. Along with another Jesuit, Alfonso Vagnoni, he was imprisoned during an anti-Christian campaign in Nanjing in 1616, and then sent back to Macau, where he stayed till 1621. As the persecution campaign in the mainland China abated, Fr. Semedo changed his Chinese name from Xie Wulu to Zeng Dezhao and re-entered China, now working in Jiangsu and Jiangnan provinces. He spent most of his term in China in the central and southern provinces; perhaps his only trip north was the one he made to Xi'an in 1625, during which he was the first European to see the recently unearthed Nestorian Stele" (Wikipedia).



217. SHOWERS, Charles Lionel (1816-1895)
[From the Library of Peter Hopkirk] "The Central Asian Question" and Massacre of the Cabul Embassy.

London: W. Mitchell and C°, Military Publishers, 1879. First Edition. Octavo. 29 pp. Later paper wrappers with a book plate of Peter Hopkirk on verso of the front wrapper. Small ink inscription on the title. A very good copy.
Very Rare as only four copies found in Worldcat.
The pamphlet was published at the height of the Second Anglo-Afghan war 1878-80 when the military actions, almost finished in May 1879 with signing the Treaty of Gandamak between Mohammad Yaqub Khan and English ambassador Sir Pierre Cavagnari, started again in October the same year. The whole British embassy in Kabul including Cavagnari was murdered by mutinous Afghani troops on September 3rd. Astonished, as all British society, the publishers decided to print the present pamphlet by a Mayor-General of the Bengal Staff Corps, C.L. Showers, which, though written in 1869, turned to be very up-to-date. It analysed First Anglo-Afghan War 1839-42, when the British embassy and garrison in Kabul were also massacred, as well as the subsequent events in Central Asia.
The editors’ note about the cause of the death of Cavagnary’s embassy sounds like an explanation of the massacre of Sir Alexander Burnes in 1841: "The direct and immediate causes of the catastrophe are not far to seek, lying as they do on the surface - in the neglect at once of past warnings that the Afghans are not to be trusted, and the placing of our Embassy at their mercy by sending it with a mere honorary escort."



218. SKOGMAN, C[arl Johan Alfred] (1820-1907) & VIRGIN, Christian Adolf (1797-1870)
[First Swedish Circumnavigation - Travel Account & Scientific Results]. Travel Account: Fregatten Eugenies Resa Omkring Jorden Ären 1851-1853, Under Befäl Af C.A.Virgin...
[With: Scientific Results]: Kongliga svenska fregatten Eugenies resa omkring jorden under befäl af C.A. Virgin. Åren 1851-53. Vetenskapliga iakttagelser på konung Oscar den förstes befallning utgifna af K. Svenska Vetenskapsakademin. Three parts in five volumes. Uppsala & Stockholm 1857-1910.

Stockholm & Uppsala: Adolf Bonniers & Almquist & Wiksells, 1854-1910. First Editions. All in fine condition and housed in a matching box.
Skogman: 2 vols. in one; [vi], 250; v, 224, [2] pp. With three folding tinted maps, and 20 lithographs (18 colored), 6 wood-engraved plates and numerous woodcuts in text. Original publishers navy gilt tooled full morocco.
Scientific reports: 3 vols. in 5; [ii], 142; [vi], 617, [iv], 36, [iv], 78; [ii], 153, [viiii], 77 pp. With 54 lithographed plates and one folding map. Original publishers gray printed wrappers.

"The official account of the first Swedish circumnavigation, on the Eugenie, under the command of Captain Christian Adolf Virgin.., Skogman was the astronomer of this voyage, which lasted from 1851 to 1853, and visited the east and west coasts of South America and Pacific and Indian Ocean islands. Ports of call in the Atlantic were Madeira, the Cape Verde Islands, Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, and the Strait of Magellan. In the Pacific, Chile, Panama, the Galapagos, Honolulu, San Francisco, Tahiti, the Cook Islands, Samoa, Tonga, Fiji, Sydney, and Port Jackson, Seringapatam shoal, Guam, Hong Kong, Canton, Manila, Singapore, and Batavia were visited" (Hill 1578).
"Skogman gives an interesting account of the method of towing ships into Honolulu harbor by the use of native manpower. He provides a sound picture of the town and its marketplace, and the architecture and physical improvements to Honolulu. He took a walk up Nuuanu valley to see the Pali" (Hawaiian National Bibliography; Howgego 1850-1940 Oceans, S29 &V10. "These volumes are the scientific results of a famed Swedish voyage of exploration. The volume pertaining to botany contains the outstanding paper of Nils Johan Andersson on the vegetation of the Galapagos Archipelago" (Hill 942).



219. SNELGRAVE, Captain William
A New Account of Some Parts of Guinea and the Slave Trade, Containing: I. The history of the late conquest of the kingdom of Whidaw by the king of Dahome ... II. The manner how the negroes become slaves ... III. A relation of the author's being taken by pirates, and the many dangers he underwent.

London: James, John, & Paul Knapton, 1734. First Edition. Octavo. [xxiv], 288 pp. With a copper engraved folding map of the west coast of Africa (perhaps map variant?). Handsome period style dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with marbled boards and red gilt morocco label. Some pages mildly browned and foxed, otherwise a very good copy.
"A slave trader's general yet vivid account of his experiences as captain of a number of ships sailing the England-Guinea-West Indies route" (Bell S359). "This is an interesting work by one of the old slave trader. The author gives a vivid picture of the capture of his vessel" (Cox I p.375). "William Snelgrave, Captain of the slaver Bird Gallery whose vessel was seized by the pirates, Captain Cocklyn and Captain Davis, off Sierra Leone on 1.4. 1719" (Howgego F58). "Snelgrave was a slave-trader who in 1719 succeeded in transporting 600 slaves from the Gulf of Guinea to the West Indies" (Christies); Kress 4197; Sabin 85380. This account largely based on voyages the author made in 1727 and 1730 to Whydah and Jakin, offers an important account of the kingdom of Dahomey (now Benin).



220. SNODGRASS, John James, Major (1786-1828)
Narrative of the Burmese war, Detailing the Operations of Major-General Archibald Campbell's Army, from its landing at Rangoon in May 1824, to the conclusion of a treaty of peace at Yandaboo, in February 1826.

London: John Murray, 1827. First Edition. Octavo. xii, 319 pp. With an engraved frontispiece, one other engraved plate and a large folding engraved map. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Rebacked in style using original boards with new endpapers and map with some off-setting, otherwise a very good copy.
Major Snodgrass was military secretary to Campbell’s expedition, and this narrative is one of the main accounts of the first Anglo-Burmese War. "The First Anglo-Burmese War (1824-1826) was the first of three wars fought between the British and Burmese Empire in the 19th century. The war, which began primarily over the control of north-eastern India, ended in a decisive British victory, giving the British total control of Assam, Manipur, Cachar and Jaintia as well as Arakan and Tenasserim.., The war was the longest and most expensive war in British Indian history. Fifteen thousand European and Indian soldiers died, together with an unknown number of Burmese army and civilian casualties" (Wikipedia); Cordier Indosinica.450.
Major-General Archibald Campbell (1769-1843) was "nominated to command the expedition against the Burmese. He arrived at Rangoon in May 1824 at the head of 11,500 men, including four British regiments, and at once took Rangoon. His first attack on the great Shwedagon pagoda at Kemmendine, near Rangoon, was repulsed with loss on 3 June, and he had to take the command in person; under his personal directions the pagoda was stormed on 10 June 1824. In July he detached a force, under Colonel H. F. Smith CB, to Pegu, which stormed the pagoda at Syriam on 4 August; the heavy rains then put an end to further operations, and caused much disease among the troops. He wrote urgently for reinforcements during the winter months of 1824-5, for in November 1824 he was besieged in Rangoon by the ablest Burmese chief, Maha Bundoola. He was joined by the 47th regiment and by two brigades of sepoys, and after storming the stockade of Kokein on 16 December he left Rangoon on 11 February 1825 and marched along the banks of the Irrawaddy towards Prome, accompanied by about forty gunboats under Commodore Chads and Captain Marryat. On 7 March the advanced brigades, under Brigadier-General Cotton, were utterly defeated in an attack on the stockades of Danubyu, but Campbell at once moved to the front, and directed a fresh attack on 1 April which was entirely successful, and Maha Bundoola was killed. Campbell entered Prome on 5 May 1825 and established his headquarters there for the rainy season; he again lost at least a seventh of his forces between May and September.
Towards the close of the rainy season Campbell who had been promoted major-general on 27 May 1825 for his services prepared to advance from Prome on Ava (at that time the capital of Burma), when Burmese envoys came into Prome and asked for terms. Campbell, who had been specially entrusted by Lord Amherst with the political as well as the military conduct of the campaign, announced that peace would be granted only on terms which were rejected, and Campbell again advanced. An assault upon the stockades of Wetthigan failed, and Brigadier-General Macdowall was killed on 16 November, but Campbell was again able to make up for the failures of his subordinates by storming the stockades on 26 November. On his approach towards the capital the king of Burma sent envoys to his camp once more, and a truce was made on 26 December. Campbell soon discovered that the negotiations were intended only to gain time, and therefore continued his advance on 2 January. By storming Melloon, the last fortified place on the way to Ava, he so frightened the king that he accepted the terms offered, and signed a treaty of peace at Yandabo on 26 February 1826. The successful termination of this war was received with enthusiasm in Britain and India" (Oxford DNB).



221. SONNINI, C[harles] [Nicolas] S[igisbert] (1751-1812)
Travels in Upper and Lower Egypt: Undertaken by Order of the Old Government of France.

London: J. Debrett, 1800. First Quarto Edition. Quarto. xl, 730, [12], [2] pp. With frontispiece portrait, and large folding map and 27other copper engraved plates of views, antiquities, zoology, botany and portraits. Original publishers' gray papered boards, rebacked in style with printed paper label. A very good uncut copy in very original condition.
This expedition was made with the intention of collecting rare Egyptian birds, however Sonnini includes some unusual and fascinating details of native life and customs such as female and male circumcision and homosexuality, leprosy and other diseases, serpent eating etc. Cox I p.395.
"Sonnini set out with Baron de Tott's expedition in 1777. On arrival at Alexandria he found orders to explore Egypt from Louis XVI awaiting him. This he proceeded to do, going on to Turkey, Greece, Crete and the Archipelago during which time he took part in naval combat near Milo between the Mignonne and two English cutters" (Blackmer Collection Sale 1006-7); Atabey 1155; Hilmy II, p.245; Howgego S135.



222. SPINOLA, Antonio Ardizzone
Saudades da India: Manifesta das as Magestades de Portvgal na Solemnidade do Glorioso Apostolo S. Thome, aos 21, de Dezembro de 1648 [Longing for India, Manifested in Portugal's Possessions there and the Solemnity of the Glorious Apostle Sao Thome].

Lisboa: Na officina Crassbesekiana, 1652. First Edition. Small Quarto. 40 pp. Period Portuguese style speckled dark brown full gilt tooled full sheep. A very good copy.
Very Rare work as only six copies found in Worldcat. This work gives valuable information on the Portuguese possessions in India, especially the missions there. "Thomas the Apostle, also called Doubting Thomas or Didymus (meaning "Twin"), was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. He is best known for disbelieving Jesus' resurrection when first told of it, then proclaiming "My Lord and my God" on seeing Jesus in John 20:28. He was perhaps the only Apostle who went outside the Roman Empire to preach the Gospel. He also believed to have crossed the largest area, which includes the Persian Empire and India" (Wikipedia).



223. TSAGARELI, Alexander Antonovich, Prof. (1844-1928)
Snosheniia Rossii s Kavkazom v XVI-XVIII Stoletiiakh [Russian Relations with the Caucasus in the 16-18th Centuries].

Saint Petersburg: V. Kirshbaum, 1891. First Edition. Large Octavo. [2], 51 pp. Period luxury black full sheep, with gilt stamped decorative border on the front cover (blind stamped on the rear board) and gilt lettered title on the front cover. Moiré endpapers, marbled edges. A work of "A. Ek" bindery (blind stamp on the bottom of the rear cover). Extremities very mildly rubbed, otherwise a near fine copy.
Luxury Binding from the Library of Georgian Prince and Helena Rubinstein’s Husband
Very Rare short run imprint as only one copy found in Worldcat. From the library of Prince Artchil Gourielli-Tchkonia (coat of arms bookplate on the front pastedown).
A grand speech written for the Yearly Congress in Saint Petersburg University held on the 8th of February, 1891. The author, Alexander Tsagareli was a professional Georgian linguist, professor of Georgian and Armenian linguistics, literature and history in Saint Petersburg University (since 1886), author of numerous articles on the topic, including those in the Russian Brockhaus Encyclopaedic Dictionary. The speech is dedicated to the history of Russian-Georgian relations in the 16-18th centuries and ends with the annexation of Georgia to Russia in the beginning of the 19th century. It also outlines the main Russian travels to Georgia and is supplemented with the main bibliography of the topic.
Prince Artchil Gourielli-Tchkonia (1895-1955) was the Georgian born husband of Cosmetician Helena Rubinstein, head of the House of Gourielli, manufacturers of cosmetics for men. Some have claimed that Artchil’s nobility was doubtful and that his marriage with Rubinstein was not more than a marketing ploy.


224. UBALDINI, Petruccio (ca.1524-ca.1600)
A Genuine and most Impartial Narration of the Glorious Victory obtained, by Her Majesty's navy : Under the Conduct of Charles Lord Howard of Effingham, Lord High-Admiral of England, over the falsely-stiled Invincible Armada of Spain, A.D. 1588. Translated from the Italian, written by Petruccio Ubaldino, Citizen of Florence, and Inscribed to the High-Admiral, by A. Ryther. Illustrated with a useful Postscript. To which are annexed, by Way of Appendix, I. Original Letters, with other Curious Papers, relating to this ever-memorable Event. II. A choice Narrative of the notable Exploit of Part of the English Fleet against a Squadron of Spanish Galeons, in 1656. III. Descriptions of Puerto Bello and the Island Cuba. IV. Authentic Accounts of Puerto Bello's being taken by Capt. H. Morgan, in 1669; and by V.A. Vernon, in 1739: With a Plan of that City, its Harbour, late Fortifications, &c. As also of Cartagena and Havana.

London: Printed for R. Montagu, 1740. New Edition with Additions. Octavo. [ii], iv, 117 pp. With an engraved folding plates with three plans. Handsome period style brown panelled full calf with a maroon gilt label. Several leaves with some edge wear, otherwise a very good copy.
A rare work being a new "edition, with the addition of American sections, of Ubaldini’s Discourse concerning the Spanishe fleete, 1590" (Sabin 97661). This work also includes information on Cartegena, Cuba and Porto Bella not found in Ubaldini's original work. Also included is an account of how the English fleet destroyed and captured a Spanish treasure fleet off Cádiz in 1656. Additionally, an account of how Porto Bello in Panama was taken by Captain H. Morgan in 1669 and by Vice Admiral Edward Vernon in 1739. "In the summer of 1668 Margan left Jamaica again, this time with 460 buccaneers and a squadron of nine ships, to attack the settlements of Darien. Porto Bello was ransomed, and the fleet sailed on to the desolate south coast of Cuba where the loot was divided- 400 pieces of eight for every man" (Howgego M170).


225. VANNUTELLI, L. & CITERNI, C. (1860-1897)
Seconda Spedizione Bottego. L'Omo. Viaggio D'Esplorazione Nell'Africa Orientale. Sotto gli auspici della Società Geografica Italiana [The Second Bottego Expedition. The Omo. Travels of Exploration in East Africa. Under the auspices of the Italian Geographic Society].

Milano: Ulrico Hoepli Editore, 1899. First Edition. Quarto. xvi, 650 pp. With 141 illustrations in text, eleven plates and nine maps, some folding. Handsome period style maroon gilt tooled straight-grained morocco with marbled boards. A very good copy.
"Vittorio Bottego was an Italian army officer and one of the first explorers of Jubaland in Africa (now part of Somalia), where he led two expeditions. In [t]his second expedition (1895-1897) he ventured in the still then unknown region of the upper Juba, Lake Rudolf and the Sobat, along the Omo River, trying to return passing through Ethiopia, then at war with Italy. There he found his death near Jellen in a battle with an Oromo tribe. His body was never found and his last story told years later by two of his companions, Vannutelli and Citerni, who survived the battle but were kept in prison for two years by Menelik II, emperor of Ethiopia" (Wikipedia); Howgego B60.


226. VIDAL, Léopold
[Hectographed Edition]: Les Territoires Aurifères du Soudan Français. De France au Déébédougou, au Koukadougou et au Bouré [Gold Field Territories in French Sudan].

[Hyères], ca. 1897. Folio. 123 pp. With seventy original photographs mounted on separate leaves and in text with manuscript or hectographed captions, including 21 larger ones, ca. 10x16 cm, and 49 smaller ones, ca. 6x8 cm. Owner’s stamps "Adolphe Roux, Expert Géomètre. Hyères (Var)" on the first and last pages. Recent blue marbled papered boards with maroon gilt label. Title page backed with old paper, several pages with strengthened margins, otherwise a very good copy.
Important, interesting and extremely rare report on the gold deposits of the Bambouk region of French Sudan, modern eastern Senegal and Western Mali with no copy found in Worldcat. "The area was renowned as a major centre for gold mining from the 12th century until the 19th, and some gold mining still takes place on the Malian side of the border" (Wikipedia).
Explorer and geologist, Leopold Vidal undertook two expeditions in the area: the first, in 1894-1895, for ten months, with four Europeans; and the second in 1896-1897, for 20 months, with 10 Europeans (see page 47). During this last expedition, he was assisted by more than 200 natives (p. 74).
The text, divided into 11 chapters, first gives a detailed description of a journey from France to Senegal (shipping companies, rates, taxes and duties); then from Dakar to Saint Louis by rail, then from St. Louis to Kayes along the Senegal River, and again by railway from Kayes to Dioubéba. There is also a description of the different routes from Kayes to Diébédougou, Koukadougou and Bure.
The author then presents an extensive description of the Bambouk region, south of Kayes (its political organization, business and indigenous industries, commerce and trade, agriculture, and mineral deposits), and gives special attention to the gold deposits, giving a detailed geological survey, including the average thickness of alluvium, composition and average gold grade, native farms, and the water issues. He concludes this part by describing a gold mining project that can process 100 tons per day. There is also a special study on the fields of Bure, located near the Niger River (its location and analysis of exploitation of a prospect gold-bearing quartz deposits in Sétiguya-Koutinian).
The last two chapters contain practical information for European travelers wishing to visit these areas: equipment, food, clothing, weapons, indigenous personnel, guards, interpreters, boys, penalties and rewards, specific diseases in Sudan, hygienic rules et al.
The photographs, taken by the author, include views of the main towns or villages of the region (St. Luis, Podor, Kayes, Médine, Mahina, Diouroudiourou, Falémé and Liguiri), landscapes (Senegal and Niger Rivers, Félou Falls, baobabs, Cliffs in Tambaoura, Koukadougou plain, alluvial lands in Falémé), scenes of everyday life, numerous portraits of local people in groups and alone (types of Moors, Malinke women drawing water, Malinke family, a chief of Malinke village, a wedding dance, a group of boys on the circumcision ceremony) et al. Also an image of Vidal`s house in Sanougou and, most likely, a self portrait with a huge rock on the background (p. 78) and in the environs of Boukaria (94); there is also an interesting image of the native ways of gold mining in Batteé.
This report, printed in a few copies only, is not mentioned in the catalogs of Bibliothèque Nationale de France and Catalogue Collectif de France. No reference to Leopold Vidal is found in the inventories of the Geographical Society. However, the National Archives have, in Series F 17 (Education), 31 pieces on his exploration mission in Sudan in 1894 (Inventory of Scientific missions granted by the Ministry of Education in Sub-Saharan Africa, F/17/3013). In addition, the National Archives Overseas contains 5 pieces of correspondence dating from 1893 on an exploration of Faleme by Leopold Vidal, Hyères (Missions French Sudan, 1890-1893, document FR 1603 COL ANOM 7).


227. WHITE, John (1742-1840)
A Voyage to Cochin China.

London: Longman, Hurst, Ress, Orme, Brown, and Green, 1824. First British Edition. Octavo. xi, 372 pp. Recent period style brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. Some minor foxing, otherwise a very good copy.
"The arrival at Saigon in 1819-20 is also recorded for the American entrepreneur trader John White. The background to White's mission dates from as early as 1787 when Thomas Jefferson, then an American minister in Paris, became taken with the flavour and yield of a certain strain of rice from South Vietnam. In the following year, through the intermediation of the French missionaries, he signed an agreement with Prince Canh to have the strain exported to the United States. But it was only in 1819 that White managed to have that contract fulfilled after three months negotiating in Saigon. White sailed from Salem, Massachusetts, in January 1819 with the Franklin and Marmion. The voyage occupied twenty months and ascended the Dong Nai River; the crew spent much of their time at Saigon. Although White succeeded in bringing silks back to America, the precious cargo of rice was destroyed by pests during the voyage" (Howgego 1800-1850, V5).
"This was the first American voyage to ascend the Dong Nai River, and the crew spent a considerable amount of time in Saigon. Although much of John White's narrative is devoted to Cochin China, its inhabitants and their language, it also contains an abundance of observations on Vietnam and the Vietnamese" (Hill 1860-1); Sabin 103411.


228. ZIMMERMANN, Henri[ch] (1741-1805)
Dernier Voyage du Capitaine Cook Autour du Monde, ou se Trouvent les Circonstances de sa Mort [Last Voyage of Captain Cook Round the World, and the Circumstances of his Death].

Berne: Chez la Nouvelle Societe Typographique, 1783. Second French Edition. Octavo. xvi, 200 pp. Very handsome period red gilt tooled quarter straight-grained morocco with vellum tips and yellow paste paper boards. Original boards, rebacked in style, otherwise a fine uncut copy.
"With possible exception of John Rickman's Journal, earliest account of Cook's last voyage" (Howes Z14). And thus one of the first works to mention Hawaii. Also, one of the most interesting narratives of this voyage.
"In 1776, after several unsuccessful attempts at various professions, Zimmermann, a native of Speyer, signed on as a common sailor on the Discovery. Sir Maurice Holmes, in his Cook Biography, writes of Zimmermann, "from the start of the voyage he determined to keep a shorthand journal and to retain it, despite the instructions .. Demanding the surrender of all logs and journals.' the original account, printed in 1781, was suppressed in Germany at the request of the British Admiralty in accordance with the instructions given to the personnel of the ship that all journals were to be turned over to them for use in the official account of the expedition" (Hill p. 333).
"The second French-language edition, which closely follows that of the first edition (Berne, 1782) with the title and text reset. Zimmermann's narrative ends on page 117, followed on page 118 by a life of Cook, "Abregee de la vie du capitaine Cook," as in the first French (Berne ) edition, and an important series of "Notes" (Forbes 59). Zimmermann's work is one of the rarest of all accounts of Cook's third voyage and, with Rickman's narrative, the earliest published account of the third voyage, the death of Cook, and the discovery of Hawaii. The first edition came out in German at Mannheim in 1781. Beddie 1630; Lada-Mocarski 33; Sabin 106436.


229. ZURRADOR, Garrote D., Maestro de Capilla de Asangaro
[WAR OF THE PERU-BOLIVIAN CONFEDERATION, 1836-39]
Babador. Para Limpiar las Babosidades del discurso pronunciado en puno por el Ilustrisimo Señor provisor y vicario Jeneral D.D. Matias Alday. Fabricado para desengaño de santacrucistas perdidos por D. Garrote Zurrador… [Babador. To clean up the rubbish from the speech pronounced in Puno by the illustrious Senor… Matias Alday… Done to disillusion the lost supporters of Santa Cruz…].

Arequipa [Peru]: Imprenta de Anselmo Valdés, 1839. First Edition. Octavo. 28 pp. Period papered wrappers with a chip of the upper left corner of the front wrapper. Overall a very good copy
Very rare political pamphlet as no copies found in Worldcat.
This political pamphlet was printed in Arequipa in southern Peru during the final stage of the war between the Peru-Bolivian Confederation on one side and Chile, Peruvian dissidents and Argentina, on the other (1836-39). The creation of the Confederation by Marshal Andrés de Santa Cruz (note ‘santacrucistas’ in the title) in 1836 “aroused the opposition of Argentina and, above all, Chile, due not only to its great territorial expanse but also to the perceived threat that such a rich state signified for the area” (Wikipedia).
During the first stage of the war the Confederation had an advantage; the Chilean army which occupied Arequipa in October 1837 was blockaded in the city by the troops of Santa Cruz, and the Chilean commander Admiral Manuel Blanco Encalada eventually signed the peace treaty of Paucarpata (November 1837). It wasn’t ratified by the Chilean government, and during the second stage of the war 1838-39 the Confederation army was defeated, Lima was occupied and Andrés de Santa Cruz fled to Ecuador. In August 1839 the Confederation was officially dissolved.
This rare Arequipa imprint shows the important polemics in the Peruvian society of the time; most likely it was issued under pseudonym as ‘garrote’ in Spanish means ‘bludgeon’, and ‘zurrar’ means ‘to thrash’. Probably the choice of the pseudonym was influenced by another ‘Don Garrote Zurrador’ whose ‘Epistolario’ was included in the ‘Index Librorum Pronibitorum’ (Madrid, 1747. p. 407).



View PART 1 of Winter 2012 Exploration Travel and Voyages






 
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