Spring 2013 - Exploration Travel and Voyage Books

You can download the PDF file (text only) for this catalogue here - Spring 2013 - Exploration Travel and Voyage Books.
Right click and select Save Target As to save to your computer.

If you wish to purchase any item please email us at:wayfarers@shaw.ca


Images are not to scale.

Email us to request more photos of an item.

VANDERMAELEN, Philippe (1791-1869)
Atlas Universel de Geographie Physique, Politique, Statistique et Mineralogique, sur l'echelle de 1/1641836 ou d'une ligne par 1900 toises, dresse par Ph. Vandermaelen, Membre de la Societe de Geographie de Paris, d'apres les meilleures cartes, observations astronomiques et voyages dans les divers Pays de la Terre; Lithographie par H. Ode, Membre de la Societe de Geographie de Paris - Troisieme Partie – Afrique. [Atlas of Universal Geography... Third Part - Africa].

Brussels: Lithographed by H. Ode, 1827. First Edition. Elephant Folio. With a printed title page and sixty large outline hand coloured lithographed maps. The unfolded maps are loosely housed in a handsome period brown gilt tooled diced half morocco portfolio with marbled boards. Portfolio incorrectly labelled Europe, otherwise a near fine set of maps.
The "Atlas Universel" by Vandermaelen, the founder of the Etablissement Geographique de Bruxellesis, is "thought to be the first world atlas on a uniform scale and the first to be produced by lithography" (Tooley Q-Z, p.311). The index map of this third part, "Carte D'Assemblage de L'Afrique" shows how the map of Africa is divided into 57 maps and two supplemental maps. The Azores, Canary Islands, Cape Verde Islands, Madagascar and the coastal areas of Africa are covered as well as most of North Africa. However, the interior of large parts of sub-Saharan Africa are not mapped and are labelled "Pays inconnu aux Europeens [country unknown to Europeans]."
The maps in the ["Atlas Universel"] make up the first map of the world on a uniform scale, constructed as a modified conical projection and, if assembled, forming a globe with a diameter of 7.75 metres, although only one such was known to have been made, by the author himself, and requiring a specially designed room. It offered the largest picture of the earth's surface available in the nineteenth century, thereby giving the lesser known areas such as Australia, South Africa and the West coast of America, all developing countries, a much greater coverage than before" (Sotheby's); Koeman III, Vdm.I; NMM 3:179; Phillips, Atlases 749; Sabin 43762.

2. [BENOIT, Pierre Jacques] (1782-1854)
Surinam- Scenes de la Vie Americaine, Description de la Guyanne Hollandaise... Cent dessins pris sur nature par l'auteur, lithographies par Madou et Lauters. [Surinam - Scenes of American life, a Description of Dutch Guiana... A Hundred drawings Taken from Nature by the Author, and Lithographs by Madou Lauters].

Bruxelles: Bruylant-Christophe et compagnie, [1858]. Second Edition. Small Folio. 96 pp. With a hundred views on the lithographed title and forty nine other lithographed plates. Original gray publishers' printed pictorial papered boards with a cloth spine. Plates mildly foxed and extremities mildly rubbed, otherwise a very good copy in very original condition.
This work is beautifully illustrated with panoramic views, street scenes, festivals and dances, and native costume and customs of Surinam. "An important early nineteenth-century description of Dutch Guiana, illustrated with Benoit’s scenes of native life lithographed by Jean-Baptiste Madou and Paul Lauters. The majority of the views depict the rural habitat of the Negroes and Indians of the interior, although there are scenes of Paramaribo and its various public buildings, streets, and business establishments" (Howell). Benoit, a painter and illustrator, was born in Antwerp in 1782 and died in Brussels in 1854. He visited the Dutch possessions in India and Surinam and brought back a rich and remarkable collection of drawings and views of these distant lands. Biographie nationale de Belgique; Sabin 4737.

FORSTER, Johann Georg Adam (1754-1794) & SPARRMAN, Anders (1748-1820)
Professor Georg Forsters Strodde Underrattelser om Capitaine Cooks Sista Resa och Olyckeliga dod i Soderhafwet. Ofwersattning utur Gothingisches Magazin af Andreas Sparrman, Hwilken bifogat en Kungorelse om dess egen nu for Trycket fardige Rese-Beskrifning jamte et kort innehall deraf. [Professor Georg Forster's Account of Captain Cook's Last Voyage…].

Stockholm: P.A. Brodin, 1781. First Edition. Small Octavo. 47 pp. With a folding map of the Pacific Ocean. Period style (Swedish) light brown gilt tooled half calf with a red gilt morocco label and speckled papered boards. Map and a couple of page edges with very minor expert repair, otherwise a very good copy.
This very rare important work, with only five copies found in Worldcat, is one of the first descriptions of the Hawaiian Islands and the Death of Captain Cook and includes Sparrman's important map of the Pacific Ocean which was one of the very first to show the Hawaiian Islands. "Forster’s account of Cook’s third voyage, including his death at the hands of the Sandwich Islands natives, first appeared in German in the Göttingisches Magazin der Wissenschaften und Literatur in 1780, Volume II, pages 387--429. It was translated into Swedish by Andreas Sparrman, a former pupil of Linnaeus and scientist of note, and close friend of Forster from their association as members of Cook’s second expedition. It is the only separate printing in any language of the Forster article, which was derived from information obtained from Heinrich Zimmerman and Barthold Lohmann, both of whom were members of the crew (Zimmerman published his own account of the voyage also in 1781). The folding map, prepared by Sparrman, shows the coasts and islands discovered and explored by Cook and his successors on the third voyage.
In addition to the Forster article, Sparrman included several pages of his own reflections on Cook’s death, a brief account of the second voyage, and a resume of his own travels in South Africa, as well as bibliographical information concerning the forthcoming publication of his own narrative of the second voyage" (Howell). Copies of this work are "excessivement rare" (Kropelien 44). Sparrman "added (pp. 37-47) a personal commentary on Cook's death and some other notes on his own travels.., the map at the end depicting the North Pacific Ocean was drawn and engraved by Sparrman himself" (Hawaiian National Bibliography 30); Beddie 1639; Du Rietz (Captain James Cook) 8.

4. [COUNEAU, E.]
A Madame Ernest Callot. Biskra. Quatorze Eaux-Fortes Gravées sur des Dessins Originaux. Souvenir d'une Excursion en Algérie. [Mrs. Ernest Callot. Biskra. Fourteen Etchings Drawings Originals Engraved on a trip to Algeria].

1881. First Edition Author's Signed Presentation Copy. Folio. [iv] pp. With fourteen full page engravings. Original publisher's light brown printed paper wrappers. Spine renewed in style, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare work as only one copy found in Worldcat. Inscribed by the author "Souvenir Amical a L'Auteur a M Teiloz, La Rochelle le 30 Mars 1911 E. Couneau." The well executed engravings illustrate scenes around Biskra, "the capital city of Biskra province, Algeria.., During Roman times the town was called Vescera, though this may have been simply a Latin transliteration of the native name. Around 200 AD under Septimius Severus' reign, it was seized by the Romans and became part of the province of Numidia. As a major settlement in the border region, it was significant even then. Its name was apparently bowdlerized by the Romans to Ad Piscīnam ("at the piscīna"), implying the presence of important waterworks" (Wikipedia).

[Taxation of Indians in the Viceroyalty of Peru]. Instruccion, O Advertencias, que Consiguiente a lo Prevenido en el Articulo 118 de la de Intendentes se dan a sus Subdelegados, y Demas Encargados de la Cobranza de Tributos para Deslindar las Funciones de la Contaduria del ramo, y Conciliarlas con las Facultades de los Intendentes.

[Lima], 1 July 1784. First Edition. Folio. 16 pp. Disbound Pamphlet, with a large woodcut initial. Housed in a marbled papered portfolio with a red gilt label on the front cover. A very good copy.
Very rare work as only one copy found in Worldcat. Several sections of this decree on collection of taxes deal with taxes gathered from the Indians. In one the collectors are ordered to halt the criminal fraud of Indians who escaped paying taxes merely because they had avoided being registered. Another notes that many Indians are now able to pay in coin rather than in goods, and requires them to do so. Not in Sabin.


Prazdnovanie dvadstatipiatiletia Tovarishchestva neftianogo proizvodstva Bratiev Nobel, 1879-1904. [Celebration of the 25th Anniversary of the Petroleum Production Company of the Nobel Brothers].

Saint Petersburg: T-vo R. Golike and A. Wilborg, 1905. First Edition. Small Folio (ca. 32x23 cm). [2], 142 pp. With a chromolithographed title page and thirty other lithographed and photogravure plates (including four chromolithographs). The censorial permission on verso of the title page is printed upside down. Original publisher’s blue full cloth with gilt lettered title within a decorative colour ornament on the front board, and decorative endpapers. One plate is loosely inserted, otherwise a near fine copy.
Attractive richly illustrated and decorated jubilee edition of the Nobel Brothers Oil Company; very rare Russian imprint with only three copies found in Worldcat.
Allthough there is another ‘Nobel’ edition, similarly titled ‘Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Oil Industry of Nobel Brothers’ (SPb., 1904), it should be pointed out that our book is dedicated to the ceremony commemorating the jubilee which took place in Saint Petersburg on the 18th of May, 1904. This present work consists of four main parts: 1) the description of the jubilee celebration; 2) list of all participants of the ceremony including Russian Prime-Minister Sergey Vitte, several ministers and directors of Imperial state institutions, representatives of banks, industrial and trade companies, members of the Russian Academy of Sciences et al.; 3) historic overview of the Nobel Company for 25 years; 4) text of congratulating telegrams and letters received by the company from the Russian and foreign state institutions, stock exchange committees, banks, railroad societies, steamship companies, oil industries, trade houses, charities, private people and associates of the Nobel company.
The volume is illustrated with a beautiful chromolithographed title page (after a watercolour by A. Chikin) and two colourful views of the old Baku by Andrey Schilder (1861-1919); photogravure portraits of the Nobel family, members of the Company’s Board of Directors and renowned guests at the celebration; and several high quality facsimiles of the congratulating letters and telegrams. The book is decorated with numerous illustrations in text, head- and tail pieces, and four pictorial half-titles by Alexander Leo (1868-1943) and Andrey Schilder. Overall a beautiful book.
“The Petroleum Production Company Nobel Brothers, Limited, or Branobel (short for cable communications meaning Nobel Brothers in Russian), was an oil company set up by Ludvig Nobel and Baron Peter von Bilderling, in Baku, Azerbaijan. …during the late 19th century it became one of the largest oil companies in the world” (Wikipedia). Branobel is famous for establishing first Russian oil pipe lines, oil tankers and tank cars; and for construction of first in the world industrial oil depots and electric power stations intended for industrial use. A copy of this work made GBP 5250.00 at Christies in 2011.

7. [PERON, Francois] (1775-1810)
& FREYCINET, Louis-Henri de Saulces, Baron de (1777-1840)
[ATLAS VOLUME] Voyage de Decouvertes aux Terres Australes, execute par ordre de Sa Majeste l'Empereur et Roi, sur les corvettes le Geographe, le Naturaliste, et la goelette le Casuarin, pendant les annees 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803 et 1804. Atlas Historique only, [by Leseur et Petit]. [Voyage of Discovery to Terra Australis, executed by order of His Majesty the Emperor and King, on the corvettes Geographe, the Naturalist, and the schooner the Casuarina during the years 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803 and 1804].

Paris: Chez Arthus Bertrand, 1824. Second Edition. Folio. [x] pp. With an engraved title with vignette, a double-page engraved map of Australia, eight other engraved maps and charts and fifty-nine engraved plates, including two double-page, and twenty-seven hand-colored. Beautiful period style crimson very elaborately gilt tooled full straight grained morocco with marbled end papers. A near fine copy.
"In 1800 an expedition organized by the Institute of France and placed under the command of Nicolas Baudin sailed for the South Seas. Their particular instructions were to make a full and minute examination of the Australian coasts, and especially to explore the southern coast, "where there is supposed to be a strait communicating with the Gulf of Carpentaria, and which consequently would divide New Holland into two large and almost equal islands." The maps and charts [were] prepared by Freycinet, who continued the publication after the death of Peron.., Peron the naturalist on this voyage, was able to prepare a huge zoological collection that was known for years for its excellence" (Hill 1329 (First Edition)).
This very scarce second edition was prepared by Freycinet after he returned from his own expedition to the Pacific between 1817 and 1820. It is not generally known that the 1824 second edition of the 'Partie Historique' contains some significant changes and additions to the first edition. The maps and charts of the first edition atlas, which bore the nationalistic and ambitious name of Terre Napoleon and included imperial French names for many parts of the coast, were omitted or greatly altered for the second edition atlas. This atlas also includes twenty-five new plates, many of which are coloured. Freycinet's alterations to the second edition reflect the political reality of the times and finally recognize the just claims of the English navigators, in particular Matthew Flinders, to the discovery of the Australian coast. Copies of the second edition of the 'Partie Historique' appear to be rarer, copy for copy, than the first edition and are prized accordingly" (Wantrup p. 157-9); Ferguson 979. "In 1800 [Peron] was engaged by Nicolas Thomas Baudin as 'trainee zoologist charged with comparative anatomy' for Baudin's exploratory voyage to the southern and western coasts of Australia" (Howgego 1800-1850, P21).

Annaes Maritimos e Coloniaes. Publicação Mensal Redigida sob a Direcção da Associação Maritima e Colonial. [Maritime and Colonial Annals: Monthly Publication Issued under the Direction of the Maritime and Colonial Association].

Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional, 1840-1846. First Edition. Octavo, 6 vols. 533, [3], 12; 583, [5]; 346, [2], 641, [2]; [1 – t.p.], 409, [2], [1 – t.p.], 455, [2]; 235, [1], 512, [2]; 56, 135 pp. With a total of thirteen lithograph maps, plans and charts (twelve folding, three in color), nine lithograph plates (seven folding; one large), and one large folding table, plus many tables in the text. Handsome period maroon and brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled and papered boards. Bound in a similar but not quite uniform style. Vol. 2 bound without a title page. A couple of plates with repairs and markings of removed old adhesive tape, a couple of places of mild foxing, two volumes with slight cracking of hinges but holding. Overall a clean very good set.
A complete set (103 issues) of the first and only edition of this important Portuguese periodical dedicated to navigation, geographical exploration and colonial issues, and published by the Associação Maritima e Colonial in Lisbon. The materials include important original articles on the Portuguese colonies in Africa (Angola and Mozambique), India (Goa), China (Macau), Indonesia (Timor and other islands, e.g. Solor); official documents by the Portuguese government regarding maritime and colonial issues, as well as current statistical information from the colonies; first publications of the accounts of Portuguese voyages of exploration (e.g. In the Central Africa); interesting archival documents regarding Portuguese voyages and discoveries from the XVth century onwards and many others.
The collection includes three lengthy articles serialized through many issues: one is on the Portuguese colonies in Asia, including Macau and Timor, one on Portuguese explorations in the interior of Africa (diary of Dr. Francisco Jose de Lacerda e Almeida), and one on Portuguese colonies on the west coast of Africa (Angola). Other articles are dedicated to the Solor Island (Indonesia), Mozambique, the trade with the Malay Archipelago, the priority of Portuguese explorations in the Northern and Central Africa; problems of Christianisation and public education of the population of the Portuguese colonies et al. There are also accounts of the most important international expeditions of the time, e.g. Dumont-Dourville’s travel to the Antarctic (1837-40), Dupetit-Thouars’ circumnavigation of the frigate Venus (1836-39), Canadian Arctic exploration by the Hudson’s Bay Company vessels, the US Exploring Expedition in the South Pacific in 1838-40 et al. The publications also include texts of international anti-slavery treaties, documents on exports and imports, articles on the latest navigation techniques and machines, e.g. Steam ships, et al.
The charts are aimed at helping sailors to navigate in difficult ports, and show the harbors of Lisbon, Goa, Quellimane (Mozambique, hand coloured), Dilly (Timor), Mossamedes (modern Namibia, Angola) and Lobito (Benguela province of Angola); there are also folding plans of the city of Goa, a Portuguese fort in Pungo an Dongo (Angola); a topographical chart of the National Forest of Leiria (Portugal) and others. Plates include two views of the rapids de São Salvador da Pesqueira on the river Douro (Portugal) – before and after the works which removed the rapids and made the river navigable at this point; a nicely executed large folding view of the façade of the famous ruin of St. Paul’s Cathedral in Macau, a reprint of a document in Chinese, a draft of a vapour vessel, a statistical table of the population of the Portuguese Goa and others.
Volume I contains 11 issues and a supplement (pp. 529-33), followed by an index (3 pp.), as described in Fonseca, and "Estatutos da Associação Maritima" (12 pp., paginated separately), which is not mentioned in Fonseca. In volume II, there are 12 issues. Volumes III, IV and V each contain 24 issues: 12 in the "Parte Official," 12 more in the "Parte Não Official." In volume VI, only 4 issues each of the "Parte Official" and "Parte Não Official" were published. Fonseca calls for only 1 folding plate and 3 maps in the "Parte Não Official" of volume III, where this copy has 3 plates and 4 maps. Fonseca also fails to mention the single leaf preceding the text in both "Partes" of volume IV.
Innocêncio I, 72; Sabin 1577a.

Collection of Five Volumes from the Library of A.K. Dubovoy, a Member of the Religious Sect of Shtundists who Immigrated to the United States, including:
Missionerskoe Obozrenie [Missionary Review]: By-weekly Polemical and Apologetico Magazine (1903), Spiritual Polemical and Apologetico Magazine (1904).

1903-1904. 4 vols. Octavo. Period brown quarter calf with marbled and cloth boards; one original publisher’s wrapper and two title pages bound in. Several ink stamps of a Russian Orthodox priest Mitrofan Alexandrovich Schenonovich in text, bookplates of A.K. Dubovoy on front pastedowns. Overall a very good set.
1903. # 7 (April) - 16 (October). 895-1528 (= 632), xv [contents], 158, [2]; 161-664 (= 504), iv, 665-824 (= 160), xi-xiv pp. With three special supplements bound in the text: 8 (Common Missionary Library, # 5), 165-180 (= 16), viii pp.
1904. # 7 (April) – 16 (October). 769-1342 (= 604), xv [contents]; 1199-1342 (2nd copy of issue # 10), 936 pp. With 5 special supplements ‘Missionary Sermons’ (to issues 7 and 10), total number of pages: 49-144 (= 96), and four special supplements regarding Russian-Japanese War (to issues # 7, 8, 9 and 10), total number of pages: 51-128 (=78).
With a custom made sammelband:
ROZHDESTVENSKIY, A. Yuzhnorusskiy Shtundizm [Southern Russian Shtundism].
Saint Petersburg: Typ. Departmenta Udelov, 1889. [2], iv, [2], 295 pp.
MOLOSTVOVA, E.V. Iegovisty. Zhizn I sochineniya kap. N.S. Ilyina. Vozniknovenie sekty i ee razvitie [Yehowists-Ilyinites. Life and works of Captain Nikolai Ilyin]. Saint Petersburg: Typ. M.M. Stasiulevich, 1914. xii, 298, [1] p.
BUTKEVICH, T.I. Obzor Russkikh sekt i ikh tolkov [An Overview of Russian Religious Sects and their Persuasions]. Saint Petersburg: Tuzov, 1915. 2nd ed. 566, x pp.
Three works bound together. Octavo. Original publisher’s wrappers of all three books bound in (second book with only front wrapper). 20th century custom made cloth binding. Bookplate of A.K. Dubovoy on front pastedown. Overall a very good copy.
An important collection of works regarding Russian religious sects from the library of Andrey Karpovich Dubovoy (1883-1968), a member of the Church of Evangelical Christians-Baptists, a Shtundist. He immigrated to Minot, North Dakota at the end of the 19th century and in the 1950-es he wrote a series of articles about the history of the settlement of Ukrainian Shtundists in the US. A bright description of him can be found in Stephen Graham’s book “With poor immigrants to America” (New York, 1914) where he is described as a ‘wonderfully keen and happy Russian, full of ideas about the future and stories of the settlement where he lived’ (p. 396). All the volumes from the collection are with Dubovoy’s bookplate mounted on the front pastedowns; his pencil notes and commentaries can be found on the endpapers of most volumes. Another important documentary evidence regarding the history of Shtundists is a small pen note inserted in Rozhdestvensky’s book between pages 106 and 107. Written in Russian, with several mistakes, it says: “I am Eudokia Dubovoy. Here [in the marked text of the book] is written about my father, Korniliy Kabanuk, Chaplinki village”.
The books from Dubovoy’s collection include special research works of such major Russian religious sects as Shtundists (by Rozhdestvensky) and Yehowists-Ilyinites (by Molostvova); and a fundamental historical overview of all Russian sects (by T. Butkevich), including chapters about Khlysts, Skoptsy, Doukhobors, Molokans, members of Tolstoyan movement etc.
The issues of the ‘Missionary Review’ – a special magazine of the Russian Orthodox Church (Kiev-SPb., 1896-1916) – contain a wide range or polemical articles regarding Russian religious sects and philosophical movements, with an interesting series of analytical materials about the Doukhobors (1904, #12-14); comments of Saint John of Kronstadt on the ideas of Leo Tolstoy (1904, # 7,8, 10); articles about Russian poets-Symbolists (1903, #7-8), reports on the missionary activity of the Russian Church amidst the sectarians, bibliographical reviews of new books, latest news et al. Interesting are brief notes about the life of Doukhobor immigrants in Canada (1903, # 7), North-American Mormons, religion of Tibet (with pictures) or Japan (1903, # 7, 10) et al. The issues are bound together with ten supplements, including four rare imprints about the Russian-Japanese War (1904-1905).
Overall an important collection of history of Russian Religious immigrants to America.


Karta Jugo-Zapadnykh Zheleznykh Dorog 1909 goda. [A Map of the Southwestern Railways in the Year 1909].

1909. Small Folio (30x18 cm). Hand coloured lithographed map. Scale 1:4 200 000. Mounted in the original beige snake skin patterned cloth folder with gilt lettered title and Russian Imperial Eagle on the front board. A fine copy.
Very rare special edition of the map celebrating the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Poltava. No copies are found in Worldcat, nor in the largest Russian depositories – Russian State and Russian National Libraries. The map shows the complete network of the Southwestern Railways, covering the territory of modern Western Ukraine and Moldova. The map shows state borders, main cities and waterways and is supplemented with a list of districts and governments which are crossed by the railways. The opposite page is occupied with a time table of the special Southwestern Railways express which connected Sarny and Kiev. The time table is mounted within a beautiful lithographed ornamented frame decorated with a portrait and a monogram of Peter the Great, a monogram of the last Russian Emperor Nicolas II, a view of the Poltava Battle field, and suits of armour and weapons of the early 18th century.
“Southwestern Railways, headquartered in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, <…> includes all the railroads in the Kiev, Zhytomyr, Chernihiv, Vinnytsia, Khmelnytskyi and Sumy oblasts (provinces of Ukraine). It’s history began in 1870 when the railroads between Kiev, Balta and Kursk in Southern Russia was launched <…> By the beginning of World War I the total length of the SWR system was 3,096 km (1,924 mi)” (Wikipedia).

11. [URALS]
BERDMORE, Septimus, C.E. (1829-1906)
Report on the Inzer Estate, Situate in the Government of Orenburg, in the Empire of Russia, the Property of His Excellency General Ouchakoff, etc, etc. Accompanied by Plans.

London: Edward Stanford, 1865. Presentation First Edition. Folio. iv, [2 – errata slip], 35 pp. With two folding lithographed plans, a large folding lithographed map and a folding lithographed panorama. Period style maroon straight grained half morocco with marbled boards; front publisher’s wrapper bound in. With the author’s presentation inscription on the upper margin of the wrapper “Dr Percy F.R.S. With the author’s comps”. Occasional period pen corrections in the text. The wrapper and several leaves with minor tears and chips on extremities, not affecting the text and neatly restored. Overall a very good copy.
Very rare edition, apparently privately printed, with no copies found in Worldcat.
Interesting early account of prospecting on the Inzer River in the Southern Urals (modern Bashkiria). The owner of the Inzer estate ‘His Excellency General Ouchakoff’ employed Septimus Berdmore to ascertain "whether the iron ore, stated to exist on his property, was of such extent and such quality as to offer an inducement to an English Company to invest capital in the erection of iron works there" (p. 5).
Berdmore travelled to the Inzer estate in August-October 1864 (from Saint Petersburg via Nizhny Novgorod and Perm) and remained 16 days on the property. His conclusion was very positive, with enthusiastic notes about ‘magnificent forests of finest timber’, ‘vast iron fields’, ‘abundance of lime, brick earth, refractory stone and sand’, ‘magnificent quantities of marble of the finest quality’ etc.
Berdmore gave a comprehensive report of the estate (geographical position, geological formations, forests, main rivers and streams available for floating timber), description of its deposits of gold, iron, stone, coal and ‘other sources of revenue’. The report is concluded with a detailed account of a probable cost of industrial operations of the estate. Nine appendices represent costs for the main expenses, like construction of venues and bridges, smelting, rates for wages, horses etc. The report is illustrated with a beautiful lithographed panorama of the Inzer estate taken on the spot by Berdmore, two plans showing the location of the estate in Russia in general and Government of Orenburg in particular, and a large detailed map of the estate which marks the main iron, gold and mineral deposits, as well as sites suitable for iron works.
The book contains the author’s presentation inscription to a celebrated British metallurgist John Percy (1817-1889), who compiled a report about the quality of the Inzer’s iron ores (see Appendix A) based on numerous samples given to him by Berdmore.
Not much known about the fate of the enterprise, but most likely it didn’t succeed; the first iron smelting factory on the Inzer River was founded only in 1890. Berdmore’s report became a bibliographical rarity not found in the collection of the British Library.

Instructions for Wearing Uniform, ETC., and Dress Regulations for the Victorian Forces. Head Quarters, Victoria Barracks, November 1875.

Melbourne: George Skinner, Acting Government Printer, 1876. First Edition. Octavo. viii, [i], 125 pp. Original publisher's brown patterned pictorial blind stamped cloth. With the library stamp of the Commandant's Office of the Military Forces Victoria, spine mildly faded, otherwise a very good copy.
Extremely rare second (first in 1863) Victorian Forces dress regulations with only two copies found in Worldcat. This interesting volume covers the regulations of both officers and enlisted men including head-quarters staff, Victorian artillery, volunteer staff, cavalry, artillery, engineers, torpedo corps, infantry, Ballarat volunteer battalion, Mount Alexander volunteer battalion, etc.
"In 1842 a series of attacks by bushrangers on homesteads in the Plenty River area led to the first calls for a volunteer force. It was suggested that the force could be called the 'Port Phillip Volunteers'. Twelve military districts were envisaged, each to be commanded by a former army captain. The volunteers would dressed in a green uniform and heavily armed with a rifle, two pistols and a sword. However, it was illegal to raise an armed force anywhere in the British Empire, except with the express approval of the Crown, and a special parliamentary act was required. Twelve years later, in 1854, Governor Sir Charles Hotham approved an Act to establish a Volunteer Corps not exceeding 2000 men, with officers appointed by the Governor. The force was independent from the regular British units, which maintained a presence until 1870.
The first unit formed was the Melbourne Volunteer Rifle Regiment, following shortly afterwards by the Richmond Rifles, the Emerald Hill Rifles, the East Collingwood Rifles and the Fitzroy Rifles. Cavalry, Artillery, Engineer, Torpedo and Signal units quickly followed, named after the localities in which they were raised. All units were voluntary, with service part-time and unpaid. By 1860, the Act had been amended to allow a Volunteer force of 10,000.
The Victorian Volunteer Forces became the primary defence force of the Colony of Victoria after the withdrawal of the Imperial troops in 1870. A Permanent Artillery Corps (or the Victorian Artillery) was also formed in that year. The volunteer forces were disbanded in 1884, replaced by the Victorian Militia Force. The Militia were paid, and enrolled for a fixed term".
See: http://museumvictoria.com.au/collections/themes/4677/victorian-volunteer-forces-1854-1884.

13. ANDERSON, Alexander Caulfield (1814-1884)
A Brief Account Of The Province Of British Columbia, Its Climate And Resources. An Appendix To The British Columbia Directory, 1882-83.

Victoria, B.C: R.T.Williams, 1883. First Edition. Octavo. 33 pp. Folding colour lithographed frontispiece map. Period style black gilt tooled half morocco with pebbled black cloth boards. Original printed front wrapper bound in, map reinforced at folds, wrapper slightly chipped at extremities, otherwise a very good copy.
Anderson was a Hudson's Bay Company fur-trader, explorer of British Columbia and civil servant. This account of British Columbia gives a history, a description of climate and resources and includes an official directory of the province.
"Anderson is now best remembered as leader of three exploring expeditions carried out in 1846–47. It had been apparent for some time before the Oregon boundary settlement of 1846 that the boundary was likely to be the 49th parallel, in which case the HBC line of communication between the interior posts and Fort Vancouver by way of the Columbia River would be partly in the United States. A route to the ocean that would be entirely in British territory was essential, and Fort Langley on the Fraser River was the obvious alternative outlet. A year before the treaty was signed Anderson wrote to Sir George Simpson, governor of the HBC, requesting permission to try to find a practicable travel route from the post at Kamloops (on the west bank of the Thompson River) to Fort Langley. Simpson asked Ogden to make the necessary arrangements. Ogden supported the proposal in a letter to Anderson’s local superiors stating that because of Anderson’s ‘active habits and experience in Caledonia I consider him fully competent to carry it into effect’" (Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online); Lowther 625; Wikipedia.

14. ANDERSON, John (1795-1845)
Mission to the East Coast of Sumatra, in M.DCCC.XXIII, under the direction of the Government of Prince of Wales Island. Including historical and descriptive sketches of the country, an account of the commerce, population and the manners and customs of the inhabitants, and a visit to the Batta cannibal state in the interior.

Edinburgh & London: William Blackwood and T. Cadell, 1826. First Edition. Octavo. xxiii, 424 pp. With four folding engraved maps, eight engraved plates and a folding table. Handsome period style light brown elaborately gilt tooled full calf with a maroon gilt label. A fine copy.
"In February and March 1823 [Anderson] acted as agent for the governor of Penang in 'procuring engagements' from the sultans of Delly and Siack, and the rajah of Langkat, in Sumatra. He was also despatched to Perak and Selangor, fixing the state's boundary with that of Perak (Howgego 1800-1850, A10). "In 1819 Anderson was appointed deputy warehouse-keeper and Malay translator to the government, which latter post he retained until his retirement. In January 1823 he was dispatched on a three-month mission to the east coast of Sumatra with instructions to promise protection to the Sumatran chiefs and to discourage them from entering trading agreements with the Dutch. Distributing gifts of European chintzes and Indian muslins, Anderson was well received along the coast, and, ignoring his orders to abstain from formal political negotiations, agreed new or reinvigorated treaties with the sultans of Deli and Siak and the rajas of Serdang and Langkat, which the court of directors subsequently ruled invalid. In 1826 he published an account of his journey, Mission to the East Coast of Sumatra, in 1823, designed to alert British manufacturers to the potential market for their goods in Sumatra" (Oxford DNB).

15. ANDREWS, Lieutenant-Colonel Mottram
A Series of Views in Turkey and the Crimea, from the Embarcation at Gallipoli to the fall of Sebastopol.

London: Thomas McLean, 1856. First Edition. Folio. With a lithographed pictorial title page, dedication leaf, subscribers' leaf, nine descriptive leaves and seventeen tinted views, two folding. Handsome period style maroon elaborately gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with cloth boards and original cloth cover title mounted on front cover. Several plates with repaired margins, not affecting printed surface, title and a few plate margins with some mild finger soiling, otherwise a very good copy.
Mottram Andrews served during the Crimean War (1853-56) as a Captain of the 28th Foot (North Gloucester) Regiment of the British Army; he retired and was promoted to an honorary rank of Lieutenant Colonel on September 9th, 1855 (Colburn’s United Service Magazine. 1855, Part 1, p. 315). The 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot participated in the Battles of Alma (20th September) and Inkerman (November 5, 1854) of the Crimean War, as well as in the Siege of Sevastopol (October 1854 – September 1855).
The plates, executed, as noted on the title page, ‘with the latest improvements in tinted lithography’ show the views of war affected areas in Turkey – environments of Gallipoli and Varna, with a nice folding panorama of the lake of Devna; and the main battle grounds in Crimea – Balaklava, Inkerman and Sevastopol with the surroundings, including a large folding panorama of Sevastopol with its harbour. The interesting views show British encampments and weapon magazines, military barracks in the Korabelnaya harbour of Sevastopol. Abbey Travel 238.

16. ANSON, George (1697-1762)
A Voyage Round the World, in the Years MDCCXL, I, II, III, IV. By George Anson, Esq.; Commander in Chief of a Squadron of His Majesty's Ships, sent upon an Expedition to the South-Seas. Compiled from Papers and Other Materials of the Right Honourable George Lord Anson, and Published Under his Direction. By Richard Walter, M.A. Chaplain of His Majesty's Ship the Centurion, in that Expedition. Illustrated with 42 Copper-Plates.

London: John and Paul Knapton, 1748. First Edition With a Warrant (commission), Signed by 'Anson'. Quarto. [xxxiii], 417 pp. With 42 engraved folding plates and maps. Period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf. Some rubbing to extremities, hinges slightly cracked, otherwise a very good copy.
"This is the official account of Anson's Voyage. England, at war with Spain in 1739, equipped eight ships under the command of George Anson to harass the Spaniards on the western coast of South America, for the purpose of cutting off Spanish supplies of wealth from the Pacific area. The Spanish fleet sent out to oppose the British ran into storms; provisions ran out and many ships were wrecked. Anson continued taking prizes during 1741-42, off the Pacific coast, and in June, 1743, captured the Manila galleon and its treasure of 400,000 sterling.., [this work] has long occupied a distinguished position as a masterpiece of descriptive travel. Anson's voyage appears to been the most popular book of maritime adventure of the eighteenth century" (Hill 1817). "Consisting at the start of eight ships.., Seven ships were lost around Cape Horn and on the coast of Chile and out of 900 men who left England on board more than 600 Perished. As Usual Scurvy took an appalling toll.., As with many a ship before and after, the island of Juan Fernandez proved a blessing in restoring scurvy-stricken men to health" (Cox I, p49). Anson "did return [home] with a vast bounty" (Howgego A100).
With a Signed Warrant (commission), signed by 'Anson', 'Thos. Orby Hunter', 'J: Forbes' as Lords of the Admiralty, 'H. Stanley', and 'J Cleveland' as Secretary, appointing Tonyn 'Commander of His Majesty's Sloop the Savage'. 'Given under our hands and the Seal of the Office of Admiralty this Second day of December 1757 [2 December 1757]'. On one side of a piece of vellum, dimensions 28 x 32.5 cm. Neatly folded to make eight rectangles. Red wax seal beneath square of paper in top left-hand corner, embossed with the Admiralty anchor. Two blue 2s 6d stamps in left-hand margin. Small paper stamp on the reverse, which is docketed 'Savage'. Text entirely legible on lightly discolored and spotted vellum. The body of the document is printed over fifteen lines, with the specific information added in manuscript. Headed 'By the Commissioners for Executing the Office of Lord High Admiral of Great Britain and Ireland &c. And of all His Majesty's Plantations, &c. -' From the Paterson and Tonyn family papers.

17. ARAGO, J[acques Etienne Victor] (1790-1855)
Promenade Autour du Monde, Pendant les Annees 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820, sur les Corvettes du Roi l'Uranie et la Physicienne Commandees par M. Freycinet. [Narrative of a Voyage Round the World in the Uranie and Physicienne Corvettes Commanded By Captain Freycinet, During the Years 1817, 1818, 1819, 1nd 1820; on a Scientific Expedition Undertaken By Order of the French Government, in a Series of Letters].

Paris: Leblanc, 1822. Author's Presentation First Edition. Octavo 2 vols & Folio Atlas. xxx, 452; [iv], 506 pp. Atlas with a world map and 25 other lithograph plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled boards. Atlas exactly bound to match but marbled papers of text and atlas similar but not exactly the same, otherwise a near fine set.
Author's pencil presentation reads: "'À M.' h' Requin[?] par L'auteur tous deux ans fait partie de cette compagne." The recipient could be M. Requin from Toulon who was a purser (commissaire aux revues) during the expedition and consequently one of Arago’s shipmates.
"The Uranie, with a crew of 125 men under the command of Captain Louis de Freycinet, entered the Pacific from the West to make scientific observations on geography, magnetism, and meteorology. Arago was the artist of the expedition, which visited Western Australia, Timor, Hawaii, and New South Wales. The original ship was wrecked off the Falkland Islands. Two months later the expedition continued aboard the Physicienne, which stopped for a time at Rio de Janeiro. Captain Freycinet's wife, Rose Pinon, was smuggled on board at the advent of the voyage and made the complete journey, causing some discord among the crew. Freycinet named an island he discovered after her - Rose Island among the Samoa islands. These entertaining letters, written in a lively and witty literary style, provide vivid descriptions of the topography and the inhabitants of the Pacific Islands. The book achieved great success" (Hill 28-9). "The Hawaiian portion of the text, contained on more than 150 pages, records impressions of the artist's stops on Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu. Extensive portions of the text also record the Arago impressions of Australia, Guam, and the Marianas Islands. The artist's main interest (as reflected by the plate subjects) are of peoples encountered. Several of the plates record somewhat gruesome aspects of Hawaiian culture" (Forbes 537); Ferguson 850; Sabin 1867.

18. BARNIM, Adalbert von (1841-1860) & HARTMANN, Robert (1831-1893)
[Text Volume] Reise des Freiherrn Adalbert von Barnim durch Nord-Ost-Afrika in den Jahren 1859 und 1860. [Travels Through North-East Africa].

Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1863. First Edition. Folio. xvi, 651, xi, 108, [3] pp. Text volume with one lithographed portrait frontispiece, two other lithographed plates, three (two folding) lithographed maps, two wood engraved plates and 26 wood engravings in text. Original publisher's dark green gilt blind stamped cloth. Some scattered mild foxing, rear hinge with small crack, otherwise a very good copy.
"The Party ascended the Nile into Sudan, explored from Old Dongola to Khartoum, then proceeded up the Blue Nile as far as Fazogli on the border of Ethiopia. Von Barnim died during the expedition at Roseres but Hartmann returned to Germany and in 1863 published [this] account of the expedition. Hartmann was appointed professor of zoology at the University of Berlin in 1867" (Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, B17). "In 1859-60 he accompanied Adalbert von Barnim , the son of Adalbert of Prussia (1811-1873) on a mission to northeastern Africa (Egypt, Sudan and Nubia). Here Hartmann performed ethnographical, zoological and geographical studies in the region. On the journey, Adalbert von Barnim became ill and died on June 12, 1860 at Roseires in the Sudan. Hartmann wrote about the expedition in a 1863 treatise called Reisen des Freihern von Barnim durch Nordostafrika" (Wikipedia).

19. BEKE, Charles T[ilstone] (1800-1874)
A Lecture on the Sources of the Nile and on the Means Requisite for their Final Determination. Delivered in the Theatre of the London Institution, on Wednesday, January 20th, 1864;
[With]: A Mounted Photograph (8.5 x 6 cm) of Mr. & Mrs. Beke ca. 1870 London: Ernest Edwards. With Six Pages of Loose Descriptive Text.

London: Board of Management of the London Institution, 1864. First Edition. Octavo. 35 pp. With three maps, one outline hand colored. Recent gray wrappers. A fine copy.
Very Rare publication as only three copies found in Worldcat. Published after Speke's 'Discovery of the Sources of the Nile.' In this lecture to the London Institution, Beke took issue with Speke's claim that he had discovered the source of the Nile. Beke's counter claims were based on Beke's knowledge gained during his previous journeys to the region. "Beke spent the years 1840 to 1843 travelling in Abyssinia, spending most of his time in the provinces of Shoa and Gojam. His governing concerns were to advance commerce; aid the suppression of the slave trade; and make further geographical discovery, with the elucidation of the sources of the Nile River as his goal.., In the 1860s Beke's lifelong passions again brought him into the public eye. He continued, by lecture and articles, and his Sources of the Nile (1860), to debate the geography of the Nile basin" (Oxford DNB).


20. BESSE, Jean-Charles de
[FIRST ASCENT OF MOUNT ELBRUS] Voyage en Crimée, au Caucase, en Géorgie, en Arménie, en Asie-Mineure et à Contantinople, en 1829 et 1830; Pour servir à l’histoire de Hongrie. [Travels to Crimea, the Caucasus, Georgia, Armenia, Asia Minor and Constantinople in 1829 and 1830..,].

Paris: A , Delaunay, 1838. Signed First Edition by both the Author and the Editor. Octavo. 464 pp. With five lithographed plates including a map, three folding. Period style brown gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with marbled boards. Uncut and with original yellow printed papered wrappers bound in, A near fine copy.
Rare work as only six copies found in Worldcat. A narrative of the first ascent of the lower of the two summits of Elbrus "ascended on 10 July 1829 (Julian calendar) by Khillar Khachirov, a Karachay guide for an Imperial Russian army scientific expedition [which included the author] led by General Emmanuel"(Wikipedia); "First and apparently only edition. The author travelled through the Caucasus in 1829-30 in an attempt to trace the origins of the Magyar people" (Atabey I, 105); Miansarov3043; Salmaslian p.129.
Besse gives an account of the first Russian scientific expedition to Elbrus, in which he also participated in. Organised by the Russian Academy of Sciences, the expedition was led by General Grigory Emmanuel (1775-1837) and included several notable Russian scientists: Adolph-Theodor Kupffer (1799-1865) - geologist and founder of the General Geophysical Observatory in Saint Petersburg; famous physicist Heinrich Friedrich Emil Lenz (1804-1865); first professional entomologist in Russia Édouard Ménétries (1802-1861); and botanist Karl von Meier (1795-1855), later director of the Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The summit team included Kupffer, Lenz, Meier, Ménétries, expedition artist Bernardazzi, together with twenty Cossacks and guides, but a lack of experience forced most of the group to turn back. The final ascent was undertaken by Heinrich Lenz, Cossack Lysenkov and two local guides. At the altitude of 5300 m. Lenz and his two companions had to descend due to a lack of strength, and it was Khillar Khachirov, a Karachay guide who became the first man to summit the eastern peak of Elbrus at 11 am, 10th of July 1829. To celebrate this event, General Emmanuel ordered a commemorating inscription to be made on a stone in the base camp, listing the names of the expedition members, the date of the ascent and finishing with the words "Let this modest stone tell the progeny the names of those who led the way to conquer Elbrus, hitherto considered impregnable!"
The picture of the stone was reproduced in Besse’s book. It’s interesting, that the inscription was soon concealed under a layer of lichen and was only re-discovered 103 years later by Soviet mountaineers.

21. BESSELS, Dr. Emil (1846-1888)
Die amerikanische Nordpol-Expedition. Mit zahlreichen Expeditionen in Holzschnitt, Diagrammen und einer Karte in Farbendruck. [The American North Pole Expedition..,].

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1879. First Edition. Small Quarto. xx, 647 pp. With seven wood engraved plates (one folding) and one color lithographed map and many wood engraved text illustrations. Original publisher's green decorative pictorial silver gilt cloth. Map with some expert repair, otherwise a very good copy.
In 1879 Bessels "produced one of the few personal book length accounts of the Hall expedition and published valuable ornithological records and the first scientific account of Inuhuit ethnology. He disputed the existence of an 'Open Polar Sea,' deciding that the interplay of currents, tides and winds produced local polynyas - patches of open water of no great extent or permanence" (Howgego, 1850-1940, Polar Regions, H5). "Contains description of the Polaris, the scientific equipment, the course of the expedition, with notes on previous exploration in the Smith Sound region etc" (Arctic Bibliography 1503).
"In 1871, Bessels joined the crew of American Arctic explorer C. F. Hall on the Polaris expedition as ship's physician and head of the scientific team. He and Hall soon came into conflict over control of the scientific research on the expedition. When Hall became ill in October 1871, Bessels remained by his bedside for several days, ostensibly in order to administer medical treatment. However, Hall suspected that Bessels was poisoning him, and consequently refused any further contact.
After Hall's death several weeks later, Bessels was among those who remained with the ship, the Polaris, when most of the crew became separated while trying to salvage supplies. Bessels and his party were eventually forced to abandon the ship, but were rescued and arrived back in the United States in 1873. Bessels and the other surviving members of the expedition crew were questioned by a naval board of inquiry about the events leading to Hall's death. The official conclusion was that Hall had died of natural causes and that Bessels had done his best in treating him. Nevertheless, following a forensic investigation in 1969 during which traces of arsenic were discovered on Hall's recovered body, today many scholars suspect that Bessels had in fact murdered Hall" (Wikipedia).

22. BION, Nicolas (1652-1733)
L'Usage des Globes Celeste et Terrestre, et des Spheres Suivant les Differens Systemes du Monde. Précédé d'un Traité de Cosmographie. [The use of Celestial and Terrestrial globes, Spheres and Following the Different Systems of the World. Preceded by a Treatise on Cosmography].

Paris: Jean Boudot, 1717. Fourth Edition. Octavo. [viii], 400, [8] pp. With a woodcut device on title-page, engraved headpiece for dedication, woodcut initials and headpieces and 51 engraved plates, many folding. Period dark brown gilt tooled full calf. Extremities rubbed, otherwise a very good copy.
The important and well illustrated "L'usage des globes celestes et terrestres, et des spheres..," was first published in Paris in 1699 and was subsequently translated into other European languages. "Nicholas Bion was a French instrument maker and author with workshops in Paris. He was king’s engineer for mathematical instruments" (Wikipedia). "Bion published three important treatises on globes and cosmography, on astrolabes, and on precision instruments in general. These writings had great success and went into many editions" (DSB).

23. BOUGAINVILLE, Louis Antoine de (1729-1811)
Voyage autour du monde, par la frégate du Roi, La Boudeuse, et la flûte L'Etoile; en 1766, 1767, 1768 & 1769; [With: Magra, James, attributed author]. Supplément au voyage de M. De Bougainville; ou journal d'un voyage autour du monde, fait par MM. Banks & Solander, Anglois, en 1768, 1769, 1770, 1771. Traduit de l'Anglois, par M. De Fréville. [A Voyage Round the World. Performed by Order of His Most Christian Majesty, in the Years 1766, 1767, 1768 and 1769].

Paris: Chez Saillant & Nyon, 1772-1793. Second and Best French Edition. Octavo, 3 vols. xliii, 336; [ii], 453+[3]; xvi, 360 pp. With three folding copper engraved plates and 21 folding copper engraved maps. Handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled mottled full calf. The separately published third volume expertly rebound to match the first two, otherwise a very good set.
"The voyage of the Badeuse and the Etoile under Bougainville became the first official French circumnavigation.., During this voyage, Bougainville visited Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo, and Patagonia in South America; he was also in Buenos Aires when the order for the expulsion of the Jesuits of Paraguay arrived, which he describes in detail. He then proceeded through the Strait of Magellan and across the Pacific, visiting the Tuamotu Archipelago, Tahiti, the Samoan Islands, the New Hebrides, and the Solomon, Louisiade, and New Britain Archipelagoes. At the end of the volume, there is a long description of Tahiti, containing observations concerning the natives as well as a vocabulary of 300 words used on the island. Also included is an account of Aotourou (Mayoa), a Tahitian who returned to France with Bougainville. Bougainville also touched at the Moluccas, Batavia, and Mauritius before he arrived once again in France in 1769. Although Bougainville made only a few important discoveries, he created a great deal of interest among the French in the Pacific" (Hill 163-4). The "supplement" here is a translation of a highly important anonymous account of Cook's first voyage (by James Magra), published without authorization only two months after the return of the Endeavour, and a full two years before the official account by Hawkesworth; this is thus the first account of Captain Cook in French. Beddie 697; Cox I, p. 55; Howgego B142; Sabin 6867.

24. BOWDICH, T[homas] Edward (1791?-1824)
Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee with a Statistical Account of that Kingdom, and Geographical Notices of Other Parts of the Interior of Africa.

London: John Murray, 1819. First Edition. Quarto. 512 pp. With two engraved maps (including folding frontispiece map), a folding engraved facsimile, seven hand-coloured aquatint plates (including two folding) containing ten views, and three leaves of music, two double sided. Handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a red gilt labels. A few leaves with mild browning and minor marginal staining, otherwise a very good copy.
"In 1816 the African Company planned a mission to the Asante, and initially contemplated appointing Bowdich to lead it. On reaching Cape Coast Castle the second time, he was judged too young and Frederick James (governor of Fort Accra) was appointed to lead the expedition. In the course of the journey, however, Bowdich superseded his chief (a bold step afterwards sanctioned by the authorities), and, through negotiations which subsequently proved controversial, formed a treaty with the king of the Asante, which promised peace to the British settlements on the Gold Coast in return for commercial and political co-operation. In 1818 he returned to England in poor health, and in the following year published a detailed account of his expedition, A Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee. This work, with its glowing account of Asante society and culture, attracted considerable interest. Bowdich presented a small collection of African objects and specimens to the British Museum" (Oxford DNB). "Bowdich was appointed by the African Company to lead a mission to Ashanti in 1815. He subsequently spent much time in Africa before his death at the mouth of the Gambia" (Howgego 1800-1850, C19); Abbey Travel 279; Cardinall 492; Hess & Coger 6355; Tooley 95.

25. CAILLIAUD, Frédéric (1787-1879)
Voyage a Méroé, au Fleuve blanc, au-delà de Fâzoql dans le midi du Royaume de Sennâr, a Syouah et dans cinq Autres Oasis; fait dans les Années 1819, 1820, 1821 et 1822. [Travels to Meroe, the White River, beyond Fâzoql in the South of the Kingdom of Sennar, Syouah and five Other Oasis; made in the Years 1819, 1820, 1821 and 1822].

Paris: Debure, Tillard & Treuttel et Wurtz, 1823-7. First Edition. Octavo, 4 vols, & 2 in 1 Folio Atlas. xv, 429; [iv], 442; [iv], 431; [iv], 416; [xxxii], [xx] pp. With fifteen engraved plates in text volumes and 150 lithographed plates in the two parts in one atlas volume. Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a maroon gilt morocco label. Some mild foxing of plates, otherwise a very good set.
On his last expedition Cailliaud examined the ruins of Meroe, met Hanbury and Waddington, reached Halfaya at the junction of the White and Blue Nile, went to Sennar and travelled down the Blue Nile until he was within sight of the mountains of Ethiopia. "This work gives an account of Cailliaud's second Journey in Egypt between 1819 and 1822 published in collaboration with Jomard. He visited the oasis of Siwah and Jupiter Ammon and accompanied the military expedition of Ismail Pasha (son of Mehmet Ali) to Nubia, where he explored the ruins of the ancient city of Meroe, remarkable for its two hundred pyramids. The work is of particular importance for its abundance of detail of contemporary Egypt, its people and antiquities" (Blackmer Sale Catalogue 449); Gay 2572; Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 113.
"Cailliaud joined "the expedition, offering to prospect for gold mines in the Sudan. With it he advanced well to the South, and at Wadi Halfa encountered the English travellers George Waddington and Barnard Hanbury. By March 1821 the expedition had reached Berber, where Cailliaud went ahead to examine the ruins of Ancient Meroe. Using James Bruce's map he located on 25.4.21, at Assour to the north of Shendi, the stepped pyramids of Bagrawia" (Howgego 1800-1850 C1).

26. CAILLIE, Rene (1799-1838)
Travels Through Central Africa to Timbuctoo; and Across the Great Desert, to Morocco, Performed in the Years 1824-1828.

London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1830. First English Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. viii, 475; xiv, 501 pp. With an aquatint portrait frontispiece, a double page view of Timbuctoo, 4 other plates, and 2 large folding maps. Period style brown gilt tooled polished full calf. Plates and maps with mild foxing, otherwise a very good set.
"Caillie began his quest for Timbuctoo in March 1827 at the mouth of the Rio Nunez, in what is now Guinea, and reached the Niger at Kouroussa in June. To disarm suspicion along the way, he claimed to be an Egyptian of Arab parentage who had been taken to France as a youngster and was now returning to the land of his birth. From August 3, 1827, until January 9, 1828, he was forced to remain at Tieme, being felled first by foot trouble and then by a bout with scurvy. He reached Timbuctoo on April 20, 1828, and stayed there until May 4, thereby becoming the second European to visit the city of his own volition and the first to survive the journey" (Delpar p.95); Hess & Coger 5426.
"Caillie reached Kabara, the port of Timbuktu, on 19.4.28, and accompanied Sidi-Abdallahi, the agent of the sheikh of Djenne, into Timbuktu later that day. Caillie was sorely disappointed with what he saw: a dreary, sleepy little town on the edge of the desert, having none of the excitement or commerce that its fame had suggested. The more important buildings had fallen into disrepair and the population lived perpetually in fear of Tuareg attack. Caillie remained only two weeks in Timbuktu, and on 4.5.28, anxious to depart, joined a caravan of 1400 camels heading for Morocco" (Howgego 1800-1850 C2).


27. CASTRÉN, Matthias Alexander (1813-1853)
An Important Collection Containing Three Major Works: Nordiska Resor och Forskningar (6 vols.); With: Dissertatio Academica de Affinitate Declinationum in Lingua Fennica, Esthonica et Lapponica; With: Rese-Anteckningar i Sibirien [Nordic Travels and Researches; Academic Dissertation about Affinities of Declination in Finnish, Estonian and Lapland Languages; Travel Notes in Siberia].

Helsingfors: Finska Litteratursällskapets Tryckeri, 1852-1870. First Edition. Large Octavo, 8 vols. With a lithographed portrait frontispiece, two other lithographed plates and two lithographed maps. Period papered boards, publishers printed papered boards, period paper wrappers, all housed in a custom made grey papered clam-shell box with a printed paper label. A very good set.
Printed in Swedish and Latin (the dissertation).
First set includes: Reseminnen fraån åren 1838-1844; Reseberättelser och bref åren 1845-1849; Föreläsningar i Finsk Mytologi; Ethnologiska Föreläsningar öfver Altaiska Folken: samt Samojediska och Tatariska Sagor; Smärre Afhandlingar och Akademiska Dissertationer; Tillfälliga Uppsatser. [Travel Memoirs from the Years 1838-1844; Travel Journals and Letters 1845-1849; Lectures in Finnish Mythology; Ethnological Lectures About the Altaic Peoples: and Samoyedic and Tatar Fairy Tales; Small Essays and Academic Dissertations; Miscellaneous Essays].
Helsingfors: Finska Litteratursällskapets Tryckeri (vols. Iv-vi – in Kejserliga Alexanders-Universitetet i Finland), 1852-1870. First Edition. In Swedish. Large Octavo, 6 vols. [8], 320, [5]; xii, 463, [2 - errata]; [12], 332; xviii, [1 - half title], 284, [1 - errata]; viii, 293, [1 - errata]; lxxviii, [1 - blank], 160, [3] pp. Vols. 1-5 in period blue papered boards with lithographed heraldic bookplates on first pastedown endpapers; also owner’s ink inscriptions on first free endpapers (in Swedish). Vol. 6 in publishers' printed papered boards.
With: Dissertatio Academica de Affinitate Declinationum in Lingua Fennica, Esthonica et Lapponica. Helsingforiaes: Typis Frenckellianis, 1839. In Latin. Duodecimo. [2], 67, [1 - errata] pp. Period pink paper wrappers. Castrén’s first separately published work.
With: Rese-Anteckningar i Sibirien. Rare offprint of the article in: "Suomi" magazine. In Swedish. 1846. Octavo. 62 pp. Period brownish paper wrappers.
Our collection contains Castrén’s first separately published work - his dissertation on Finnish linguistics which was prepared after his first travel to Lapland (in 1838) and defended in the Imperial Alexander University of Finland in 1839. There is also a rare offprint about his travels across Siberia in 1845-1849 undertaken with the aim to research Siberian languages.


28. CHARDIN, John (1643-1713)
The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East Indies, Through the Black Sea and the Country of Colchis.

London: Moses Pitt, 1689. First Edition, Second Impression. Folio. [xiii], 417; [8]; 154; [5] pp. Frontispiece portrait, engraved title, printed title, plus a folding map of the Black Sea, and 16 engraved plates (most of them folding views). Engraved title page vignette. Period style dark brown gilt tooled half with marbled boards. A near fine copy.
"Chardin was a Huguenot who was forced to emigrate to England. He was knighted by Charles II and on his death was buried in Westminster Abbey. His first visit to the East was made in 1665, at the age of twenty-two, when he both gratified a love of travelling and carried on his trade as a dealer in jewels. His more important voyage was made in 1671. His route differed from that usually taken by travellers to the East Indies in that he proceeded by way of the Black Sea and the countries bordering thereon. His account of the Persian court and of his business transactions with the shah are of great interest. Sir William Jones regarded his narrative as the best yet published on the Mohammedan nations" (Cox I p 249-250).
"Chardin set out for Persia for a second time in August 1671, but on this occasion diverted through Smyrna and Constantinople, and took the Black Sea Route to Caucasia, Mingrelia and Georgia, finally arriving at Esfahan in June 1673. In Georgia he heard of a race of warlike women, the Amazons, who had at some time in the recent past invaded a kingdom to the northwest. He remained in Persia for four years, as he says 'chiefly following the court in its removals, but also making some particular journeys.., as well as studying the language.' He apparently knew Esfahan better than Paris, and visited nearly every part of the country. His account of the Persian court and his business transactions with the shah are of considerable interest. In 1677 he proceeded to India, afterwards returning to France by way of the Cape of Good Hope" (Howgego C102); His second and more notable voyage to Persia, is important because it is in the account of this voyage that he describes life in late Safavid Persia" (Ghani p. 71).

29. CHARLEVOIX, Pierre Francois Xavier de (1682-1761)
Histoire et Description Générale du Japon; où l'on Trouvera tout ce qu'on a pu Apprendre de la Nature & des Productions du Pays, du Caractere & des Coûtumes des Habitans, du Gouvernement & du Commerce, des Révolutions arrivées dans l'Empire & dans la Religion; et l'examen de tous les auteurs, qui ont écrit sur la même sujet. Avec les fastes chronologiques de la découverte du nouveau monde. [History and General Description of Japan, Where you will find Everything you Could Learn from Nature & Productions of the Country, the Character & Customs of the Inhabitants, Government & Trade..,].

Paris: Gandouin et al., 1736. First Edition. Quarto, 2 vols. lviii, 667, [1]; xii, 746, [2] pp. With twenty-five copper engraved plates (thirteen folding) and eight folding, engraved maps and plans. Period dark brown full sheep, re-backed in period style with elaborate gilt tooling. Some scattered small minor and marginal water stains, otherwise a very good set.
"Charlevoix was a French Jesuit traveller and historian, often distinguished as the first historian of New France, which then occupied much of North America known to Europeans" (Wikipedia). "His work is particularly useful in shedding light on the state of the Jesuit missions of the period. In addition to works based directly on his travels, he also wrote on Hispaniola, Japan and Paraguay" (Howgego C104). Charlevoix, never travelled to Japan and his work is largely based on Engelbrecht Kaempfer's "The History of Japan," nevertheless the present set is an important work of the period on Japan and is considered one of the best sources of information on Japan in the 18th century. Cordier Japonica 422.

30. COOK, Captain James (1728-1779) & KING, Captain James (bap. 1750-1784)
A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, undertaken by the Command of His Majesty, for Making Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere. To determine the Position and Extent of the West Side of North America; its Distance from Asia; and the Practicality of a Northern Passage to Europe. Performed under the direction of Captains Cook, Clerke, and Gore, In His Majesty's Ships the Resolution and Discovery, In the years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, and 1780.

London: H. Hughs for G. Nicol and T. Cadell, 1785. Second Edition, Extra Illustrated. Quarto, 3 vols. & Folio Atlas. [x], xcvi, 421; [xii], 549; [xi], 548, [1] pp. Atlas with 87 maps and plates, including two large and folding maps. Plus two extra illustrations: portraits of Cook and King by Webber engraved by Bartolozzi. Very handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled treed full calf with red and green gilt labels. Spines with some cracks, otherwise a very good set in very original condition.
"Cook's third voyage was organized to seek the Northwest Passage and to return Omai to Tahiti. Officers of the crew included William Bligh, James Burney, James Colnett, and George Vancouver. John Webber was appointed artist to the expedition. After calling at Kerguelen Island, Tasmania, New Zealand, and the Cook, Tonga, and Society Islands, the expedition sailed north and discovered Christmas Island and the Hawaiian Islands, which Cook named the Sandwich Islands. Cook charted the American west coast from Northern California through the Bering Strait as far north as latitude 70'' 44' before he was stopped by pack ice. He returned to Hawaii for the winter and was killed in an unhappy skirmish with the natives over a boat. Charles Clerke took command, and after he died sic months later, the ships returned to England under John Gore. Despite contemporary English hostilities with the United States and France, the scientific nature of this expedition caused the various governments to exempt these vessels from capture. The voyage resulted in what Cook judged his most valuable discover -the Hawaiian Islands" (Hill 361 (First Edition)).
"The second quarto edition, printed by H. Hughs rather than by W. And A. Strahan, with the wording of the title page altered and the three-column text completely reset. A distinguishing feature of the second quarto edition is the addition of engraved vignettes of the Royal Society Medal to the title pages.., The second edition of Cook's Third Voyage is considered typographically superior to the first edition" (Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 85). "This long-delayed official account of the third voyage was so eagerly awaited by the public that it was sold out on the third day after publication" (Holmes 47); Lada-Mocarski 37 (First Edition).

31. COOK, Captain James (1728-1779) & KING, Captain James (bap. 1750-1784)
A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean; Undertaken by Command of His Majesty, for Ma king Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere: Performed Under the direction of Captains Cook, Clerke, and Gore in the Years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, 1780. Being a Copious, Comprehensive, and Satisfactory Abridgement of the Voyage.

London: Stockdale, Scatcherd, Whitaker, Fielding and Hardy, 1784. First Octavo Edition. Octavo, 4 vols. xii, 370; xii, 359; xii400; xii, 310 +[35] index [24] subscribers pp. With a total of fifty-one copper engraved maps and plates, some large and folding. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Bindings worn and volume one with cracked hinges, but overall still a very good set in very original condition.
"Cook's third voyage was organized to seek the Northwest Passage and to return Omai to Tahiti. Officers of the crew included William Bligh, James Burney, James Colnett, and George Vancouver. John Webber was appointed artist to the expedition. After calling at Kerguelen Island, Tasmania, New Zealand, and the Cook, Tonga, and Society Islands, the expedition sailed north and discovered Christmas Island and the Hawaiian Islands, which Cook named the Sandwich Islands. Cook charted the American west coast from Northern California through the Bering Strait as far north as latitude 70'' 44' before he was stopped by pack ice. He returned to Hawaii for the winter and was killed in an unhappy skirmish with the natives over a boat. Charles Clerke took command, and after he died sic months later, the ships returned to England under John Gore. Despite contemporary English hostilities with the United States and France, the scientific nature of this expedition caused the various governments to exempt these vessels from capture. The voyage resulted in what Cook judged his most valuable discover -the Hawaiian Islands"(Hill 361 (First Edition)).
"This abridged account is preferred by some readers because, the nautical and technical parts having been deleted, the work reads more like an adventure" (Hill 362). "This Edition had a very wide circulation and is notable for its extensive index" Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 69). "This long-delayed official account of the third voyage was so eagerly awaited by the public that it was sold out on the third day after publication" (Holmes 47); Lada-Mocarski 37 (First Edition).

32. CORDEYRO, Antonio S.J. (1641-1722)
[History of Portugal's Atlantic Islands...] Historia Insulana das Ilhas a Portugal Sugeytas no Oceano Occidental.., Para a confirmaçam dos bons costumes, assim moraes, como sobrenaturaes, dos nobres antepassados Insulanos, nos presentes, e futuros Descendentes seus, & só para a salvação de suas almas, & mayor gloria de Deos.

Lisboa: Antonio Pedrozo Galram, 1717. First Edition. Folio. [xvi], 528 pp. With woodcut vignette on title-page, woodcut headpieces, tailpieces and initials. Handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep. Title page with repaired upper right corner, not affecting text, rear cover with some repaired cut marks, otherwise a very good copy in very original condition.
Important history of Portugal's Atlantic islands, covering the prehistory and ancient history (including rumors that they were Atlantis) of the Canary Islands, Cabo Verde, Madeira (including Porto Santo), the Azores (sections on Santa Maria, São Miguel, Ilha Terceira, São Jorge, Graciosa, Fayal, Pico, Flores, and Corvo). The author, a Jesuit, was a native of Angra on the island of Terceira in the Azores. He died at the Collegio de Sancto Antão in Lisbon."This work is an important source for the history and description of the Azores, Terceira in particular. Much of the material is derived from the Saudades da terra of Caspar Frutuoso. There are also chapters describing the Canaries, Cape Verde islands and Madeira, as well as some references to Brazil and the Americas. The section on Madeira includes an account of the introduction of sugarcane from Sicily, and the development of the industry. This declined with the gradual depletion of wood-fuel stocks and then moved first to Sao Tom, and then to Brazil (Sotheby's). "A history of Portuguese exploration, colonization, and colonial administration in the islands of the Canary, Madeira, Azores, and Cape Verde groups" (Bell C619); Innocêncio I, 114; Sabin 16759.

33. COXE, William (1748-1828)
Account of the Russian Discoveries Between Asia and America, to Which Are Added The Conquest of Siberia, and the History of the Transactions and Commerce Between Russia and China.

London: J. Nichols for T, Cadell, 1780. First Edition. Quarto. xxii, 344, [13], [2] pp. Folding map frontispiece, with 3 other folding maps and charts, and one folding wood engraved panorama. Handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled treed full calf, re-backed in style. A very good copy.
"During a stay in St. Petersburg, Coxe researched recent Russian discoveries between Asia and America, which resulted in the present work, he endeavored to collect the journals of the several voyages subsequent Bering's expedition in 1741, with which Gerhard Mueller concluded his account of the first Russian navigations. Coxe recounts the principal Russian discoveries and explorations made in Northwestern America in their attempts to open communications with Alaska and the Aleutian Islands. The voyages and discoveries of Nevodsikoff, Serebranikoff, Trapesnikoff, Pushkareff, Drusinin, Kulkoff, Korovin, Glottoff, Solovioff, Otcheredin, Krenitzin, Levasheff, Synd, Bering, Chirikov, and several others are included. Accounts of some of these journeys had already been published, mostly in German, but Coxe took the trouble to verify the correctness with such eminent authorities as Gerhard Friedrich Mueller and Peter Simon Pallas. Coxe made suggestions which led the Russians to promote expeditions of discovery to the northern parts of Siberia. Notable in the present work are a useful bibliography and pertinent observations on the fur trade between Russians and the Chinese" (Hill 391); Howes C834; Cordier Sinica 2447; Sabin 17309.
"Coxe's important compilation of contemporary accounts which was supplemented by details of Krenitzin and Levashev's "secret" expedition. Part I of the work is a translation of Johann Ludwig Schultz's Neue Nachrichten (Hamburg and Leipzig: 1776) and the other parts are similarly based on previously-published narratives and accounts, principally German. However, Coxe took advantage of a sojourn in Russia to verify these accounts with Gerhard Friedrich Muller and Peter Simon Pallas and other eminent Russian experts on the subject. [Coxe] also succeeded in securing additional material (for instance the narrative and maps of Krenitzin and Levashev's 'secret' expedition, the first official Russian government expedition since Bering's second expedition of 1741. He was able to secure this particular information, not widely known at the time even in Russia, from Dr. William Robertson, who in turn obtained it through his friend Dr. Rogerson, first physician to Empress Catherine II" (Lada-Mocarski 29)" (Christies).

34. D'ANVILLE, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon (1697-1782)
Eclaircissemens Geographiques sur la Carte de l'Inde. [Geographical Elucidations on the Map of India].

Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1753. First Edition. Quarto. vi, [i], 161, [11] pp. Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a red gilt label. With a couple of unobtrusive library blind stamps, otherwise a very good copy.
This is the description of the D'Anville map of India published in 1752. D'Anville "was both a geographer and cartographer who greatly improved the standards of map-making. His maps of ancient geography, characterized by careful, accurate work and based largely on original research, are especially valuable. He left unknown areas of continents blank and noted doubtful information as such; compared to the lavish maps of his predecessors, his maps looked empty" (Wikipedia).

35. DAPPER, Olfert (1636-89)
[AFRICA: MOST COMPLETE 17TH CENTURY DESCRIPTION] Umbständliche und eigentliche Beschreibung von Africa und denen darzu gehörigen Königreichen und Landschaften als Egypten, Barbarien, Libyen, Biledulgerid, dem Lande der Negros, Guinea, Ethiopien, Abyssina und den Africanischen Insulen zusamt deren verscheidenen Nahmen, Grentzen, Städten, Flüssen...: aus unterschiedlichen neuen Land- und Reise-Beschreibungen mit Fleiss zusammengebracht.
[Africa: Being an Accurate Description of the Regions of Aegypt, Barbary, Lybia, and Billedulgerid, the Land of Negroes, Guinee, Aethiopia, and the Abyssines, with all the Adjacent islands, either in the Mediterranean, Atlantick, Southern, or Oriental Sea, belonging thereunto ; with the several Denominations of their Coasts, Harbors, Creeks, Rivers, Lakes, Cities, Towns, Castles, and Villages ; Their Customs, Modes, and Manners, Languages, Religions, and Inexhaustible Treasure].

Amsterdam: Jacob van Meurs, 1670-1671. First German Edition. Folio, 2 parts in one. [viii], 695, [13] [i], 101, [3] pp. Title to part one printed in red and black, engraved additional title, engraved portrait, forty-three engraved folding maps and plates and fifty-six engraved illustrations in text. Beautiful period style crimson very elaborately gilt tooled full morocco with a black gilt label. A near fine copy.
Beautifully and vividly illustrated, this "work is one of the most authoritative 17th-century accounts on Africa published in German. Dapper never travelled to Africa but used reports by Jesuit missionaries and other explorers. The fine plates include views of Algiers, Benin, Cairo, Cap Town, La Valetta, Marrakech, St. Helena, Tangier, Tripoli, Tunis, as well as, animals and plants" (Christies). Translated into German by F. von Zesen. This copy has the engraved title, dedication and portrait leaves lacking in most copies. "An important early work on Africa in general, which was translated into several European languages.., "it was carefully compiled from the best sources of information"" (Mendelssohn I, p. 414).
Dapper "wrote a book on the history of Amsterdam. Later he also wrote about Africa, China, India, Persia, Georgia, and Arabia, although he had not visited these exotic destinations himself. In fact, he never travelled outside Holland. His books became well-known in his own time.., To this day, Dapper's book Description of Africa Naukeurige Beschrijvinge van Africa gewesten (1668) is a key text for Africanists" (Wikipedia); Cox I, p. 361; Gay 219.

36. DE FILIPPI, Filippo [H.R.H. Prince Luigi Amedeo of Savoy, Duke of the Abruzzi] (1873-1933)
Il Ruwenzori. Viaggio Di Esplorazione e Prime Ascensioni Delle Piu Alte Vette Nella Catena Nevosa Situata Fra I Grandi Laghi Equatoriali Dell' Africa Central; [With]: Il Ruwenzori Parte Scientifica: Geologia, Petrografia, E Mineralogia; [With]: Camerano, Lorenzo; Estratto Dal Volume 1 Dell'Opera Il Ruwenzore Relazione Scientifische (five parts in one), Presentation Copy from the Author to the last King of Italy, Victtorio Emanuele III, with the King's book plate.
[Ruwenzori: An Account of the Expedition of H.R.H. Prince Luigi Amedeo of Savoy, Duke of the Abruzzi].

Milano: Ulrico Hoepli, 1908-9. First Editions. Quarto, 3 vols. xii, 360; xix, [iv], 286; 66, 22, 10, 6, 35 pp. With a color frontispiece, 25 photogravures and five panoramas (four folding) by Vittorio Sella, numerous black & white illustrations from photographs, two folding diagrams, six folding maps including five in color, and 54 (plates 11 and 12 of the third part not bound in) illustrations on plates. Original blue cloth. Third volume period light brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. The first two volumes housed in a matching slipcase. A very good set.
"An account of the expedition of H.R.H. Prince Luigi Amadeo of Savoy, Duke of the Abruzzi. Classic reference work on this tropical range; the expedition succeeded in climbing all the principal peaks" (Neate F27). The second of the Duke's major expeditions. The Ruwenzori, Ptolemy's 'Mountain of the Moon', had never been seriously attempted before this remarkable expedition made the first ascents of this mountain group in central Africa between Lake Albert and Lake Edward on the boundary between Uganda and Zaire. With the rare second and third volumes of scientific data. Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, F11.

37. DILLON, Capt. P[eter] (1788-1847)
Voyage aux Iles de la Mer du Sud, en 1827 et 1828, et Relation de la Decouverte du Sort de la Perouse Dedie au Roi. [Narrative and Successful Result of a Voyage in the South Seas, performed by Order of the Government of British India to ascertain the actual fate of La Pérouse's Expedition, interspersed with Accounts of the Religion, Manners, Customs, and Cannibal Practices of the South Sea Islanders].

Paris: Chez Pillet Aine, 1830. First French Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. lx, [295]; [363] pp. With two folding lithographed frontispieces, one other plate and a folding lithographed map. Handsome period green gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled boards housed in a matching slip case. Rebacked in period style using original boards, otherwise a near fine set.
"It was during this voyage that the mystery of the loss of Laperouse and his expedition was finally solved. From many years Dillon had navigated the South Seas in connection with the sandalwood trade, and he often visited Fiji and New Zealand. In 1813, when on shore in the Fiji Islands, his crew was attacked and fourteen were massacred. A Prussian refugee, Martin Bushart, his Fijian wife, and a Lascar seaman were rescued and were landed on the small island of Tikopia when Dillon returned to China and India. In 1826, Dillon visited this island again, where he found his friends still living and from which he obtained some articles which he rightly recognized as having belonged to Laperouse. These had been recovered from an island in the Mannicolo Group not far distant. This news he gave to the Bengal government and was given the survey vessel Research to go and investigate. After various adventures in Australia, New Zealand , and Tonga, Dillon found the wrecks of the lost ships on the reefs surrounding Vanikoro in the Santa Cruz Islands. He brought the news back to Captain Dumont d'Urville, then at Hobart, who proceeded back to the location and recovered further relics. Dillon took his finds to France and presented them to King Charles X, who conferred on him the order of the Legion D'honneur, and an annuity of 4,000 Francs" (Hill 480-1); Howgego 1800-1850, D21; Sabin 20176.

38. DUMONT D'URVILLE, Jules Sebastien Cesar (1790-1842)
Voyage de Decouvertes Autour du Monde et a la Recherche de La Perouse, par M. J. Dumont d'Urville, Capitaine de Vaisseau, execute sous son commandement et par ordre du gouvernement, sur la Corvette l'Astrolabe, pendant les annees 1826, 1827, 1828, et 1829. Histoire du Voyage. [A Voyage of Discovery Around the World and the Search for La Perouse].

Paris: A la Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret, 1832-1833. Rare General Reader's Edition. Octavo, 5 vols & Folio Atlas. cxii, 528; [iv],632; [iv], 796; [iv], 760; [iv], 678, [1] pp. Folio Atlas with lithographed portrait frontispiece, lithographed title, eight charts (six double-page), and twelve plates (six hand colored). Period brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with red gilt morocco labels and marbled boards. Handsomely re-backed in style using original boards, otherwise a near fine copy.
"This was the first expedition commanded by Dumont d'Urville. Its purpose was to gain additional information about the principal groups of islands in the Pacific and to augment the mass of scientific data acquired by Louis Duperrey. The Astrolabe sailed south, around the Cape of Good Hope, and arrived at Port Jackson. Proceeding to New Zealand, a careful survey was done of its coast, especially the southern part of Cook Strait. Tonga and parts of the Fiji Archipelago were explored, then New Britain, New Guinea, Amboina, Tasmania, Vanikoro, Guam, and Java. The return home was by the way of Mauritius and the Cape of Good Hope. Massive amounts of scientific materials were collected and published. Dumont d'Urville is also known for an incident from an earlier voyage: in 1819, while on a surveying vessel near the island of Milos, locals told him about an ancient statue they had recently unearthed. After viewing the statue, he promptly arranged for it to be bought by the French government and shipped to Paris, where it remains in the collection of the Louvre. The statue is known as the Venus de Milo" (Hill 504); Howgego 1800-1850, D34.
The rare "household" or general reader's edition of Dumont-d'Urville's grand series of narrative and scientific volumes describing the Astrolabe expedition. The very rare atlas volume was issued but is rarely found as in this case with the text volumes. Australian Book Auctions.

39. DURAND, Jean-Baptiste-Léonard (1742-1812)
[Voyage to Senegal]. Voyage au Sénégal, ou mémoires historiques, philosophiques et politiques sur les découvertes, les établissemens et le commerce des Européens dans les mers de l'Océan atlantique, depuis le Cap-Blanc jusqu'à la rivière de Serre-Lionne inclusivement ; suivis de la relation d'un voyage par terre de l'île Saint-Louis à Galam, et du texte arabe de trois traités de commerce faits par l'auteur avec les princes de pays.

Paris: Chez H. Agasse, An X, [1802]. Second Edition. Text Octavo, 2 vols & Quarto Atlas. lvi, 359, [1]; 383, [1];67 pp. Atlas with a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, forty-three numbered engraved plates, including sixteen folding maps. Handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full (text) & half (atlas) calf. Atlas with marbled boards. One text volume rebacked, otherwise a very good set.
In 1785 Durand was appointed head of the Third Company of Senegal on the Isle of St. Louis where he was a director between 1785-86. He then made a trip to Galam and concluded several treaties with the Moors, to promote the gum trade. A Voyage to Senegal was inspired by the works of Father Labat and other writers, and includes a description of the journey of Mr. Rubault, who went to Galam and much information on the history, trade and commerce of the western African coast from Cape Blanc to the Sierra Leone River, which was the heart of the African slave trade in the 18th century. The work contains a very detailed map of the region and also engravings of local life, fauna and flora.
"During the eighteenth century the factories and settlements on the coast of Senegal had changed hands several times between the British and the French. The island of Goree had been returned to the French in 1763 at the conclusion of the Seven Years War, and 1779 Louis Philippe Rigaud, marquis de Vaudreuil, had recovered Saint Louis" (Howgego 1800-1850, W23); Wikipedia.

40. EDEN, [Sir] Ashley (1831-1887)
Political Missions to Bootan, comprising the reports of the Hon’ble Ashley Eden, - 1864; Capt. R.B. Pemberton, 1837, 1838, with Dr. W. Griffiths’s Journal; and the Account by Baboo Kishen Kant Rose.

Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Office, 1865. First Edition. Octavo. [ii], xi, 206 pp. With a large folding outline hand colored engraved map and a folding topographical engraved profile of the route. Period style light brown gilt tooled half sheep with light brown cloth boards and a light brown gilt morocco label. Map backed on Japanese paper and browned and title page with remnants of old library stamp, otherwise a very good copy.
A collection of early interesting accounts on relations between the British India and the Kingdom of Bhutan in 1860's, which was a time of growing tension between the two countries which resulted in the Duar War (1864-1865). The book includes the account by Sir Ashley Eden, later Governor General of British India. "In 1861 Eden was appointed special envoy to Sikkim and, backed by an army, wrung from the maharaja a treaty guaranteeing free trade and the cessation of raids into British territory. In 1863 he was sent on a similar mission to Bhutan but without the same military support and he found himself taken virtual prisoner by the Bhutanese and forced to sign a treaty humiliating to the British. The insult was amply repaid when Britain went to war against Bhutan in November 1864" (Oxford DNB).
The second account is by Captain Robert Boileau Pemberton (1798-1840) who led a diplomatic mission to Bhutan in 1837-8, together with the account by the member of the same embassy, Doctor William Griffith (1810-1845). The last account is an English translation of the relation by Baboo Kishen Kant Bose. The book is supplemented with a subject index.
The Duar War (1864-65) lasted only five months and, despite some battlefield victories by Bhutanese forces, resulted in Bhutan's defeat, loss of part of its sovereign territory, and forced cession of formerly occupied territories. Under the terms of the Treaty of Sinchula, signed on November 11, 1865, Bhutan ceded territories in the Assam Duars and Bengal Duars, as well as the eighty-three-square-kilometer territory of Dewangiri in southeastern Bhutan, in return for an annual subsidy of 50,000 rupees (Wikipedia). In 1863 Henry Haversham Godwin-Austen joined the "Political mission to Bhutan under Ashley Eden. In 1864 he carried out topographical surveys between Sikkim and Punakha, and produced a detailed map of Bhutan that would remain in use for thirty years" (Howgego 1850-1940 Continental G27).

41. EGEDE, Hans Poulsen (1686-1758) & Poul Hanson (1708-1789)
Omstændelig og Udførlig Relation, Angaaende den Grønlandske Missions Begyndelse of Forsættelse, samt hvad Ellers mere der ved Landets Recognoscering, dets Beskaffenhed, og Indbyggernes Væsen of Leve-Maade Vedkommende, er Befunden. [A Comprehensive Relation About the Greenland Mission, its Reconnaissance, its Character, and the Inhabitants];
[With]: Continuation af Relationerne Betreffende den Grønlandske Missions Tilstand og Beskaffenhed, Forfattet i Form af en Journal fra Anno 1734 till 1740. Af Colonien, Christians-haab udi Discobugt. [Continuation the Relation of the Greenland Mission Written in the form of a Journal from Anno 1734 till 1740..,].

Copenhagen: J.C. Groth, 1738-41. First Editions. Small Quarto, 2 vols in one. [20], 408; [8], 184 pp. With two folding wood cut maps. Period dark brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep with a light brown gilt label. Label faded, text mildly browned and with some very mild staining of a few leaves, maps with minor repairs and with a small library marking on the title page, otherwise a very good copy.
After much hardship Hans Poulsen Egede landed on the west coast of Greenland with three ships and 40 people (including family) on 3 July 1721. Egede was the first missionary to the Inuit of Greenland, where he served for 15 years and founded the colony of Godthaab. His work was of fundamental importance for the colonization of Greenland. As a missionary he was groundbreaking and was nicknamed the Apostle of Greenland. He also gave an important contribution to the understanding of Greenland's geography and Inuit culture and language (Universitetsbiblioteket i Oslo).
Hans Poulsen Egede "established a successful mission among the Inuit and is credited with revitalizing Dano-Norwegian interest in the island after contact had been broken for hundreds of years. He founded Greenland's capital Godthåb, now known as Nuuk"(Wikipedia).
"Egede first visited Nuk, the site of Godthab, the first year of his Greenland colony, 1721, when seeking a better site for permanent settlement than his temporary residence at Haabets Oe at the mouth of Godthab's Fjord. He found Nuk a fine site with a good harbour. He saw the site again several times in ensuing years, but it was not until 1727 that he again took up the plan to move there" (Holland p95). "Egede converted many of the Inuit to Christianity and eventually established a considerable commerce with Denmark" (Howgego E17).
First Part: "detailed and full relation regarding the beginning and continuation of the Greenland mission: in addition to other things observations concerning the reconnaissance of the country, its nature and the manners and way of life of its inhabitants" (Arctic Bibliography 4366); Sabin 22021; Second Part: "The diaries of Poul Egede.., containing observations, mainly pertaining to the church and the mission, together with incidents from the everyday life in West Greenland" (Arctic Bibliography 4370); Sabin 22035.

42. FEDIX, P.A.
L'Oregon et les Cotes de l'Ocean Pacifique du Nord. aperçu géographique, statistique et politique, avec une carte du pays d'après les documens les plus récens. [Oregon and the North Pacific Coast, a geographical, statistical and political overview, with a map of the country according to the most recent documents].

Paris: Librairie de Amyot, 1846. First Edition. Octavo. ix, 258 pp. With a large folding outline hand coloured map. Period style brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards, with original printed paper wrappers bound in. A fine copy.
"Relates almost entirely to the political aspects of Oregon at that time" (Cowan 1952, p.84).
"Copies in wrappers are rare. Overland expeditions; sea voyages; fur trade; English establishments; American settlements; Oregon boundary dispute between Spain and Russia; Spain and England; England and the United States; the rights of Great Britain; U. S. Rights, etc. Monsieur Fedix, after an exhaustive and extensive research, concludes that the country belongs to neither the United States nor Great Britain, but to Oregon and the Oregonians, and urges the settlers to kick out the whole caboodle and establish an independent Republic of their own" (Eberstadt 134:563). "Proposes that world powers maintain Oregon as an independency to serve as an international trade center for the Pacific" (Howes F70); Sabin 24000.

43. FERNANDEZ, Juan Patricio (1661-1733)
Historica Relatio, de Apostolicis Missionibus Patrum Societatis Jesu apud Chiquitos, Paraquariae Populos, Primo Hispano Idiomate Conscripta. [Historical Relation of the Jesuits and the Chiquitos Missions, and about the Paraquayan People].

Augsburg: Mathias Wolff, 1733. First Edition. Small Quarto. [xl], 276, [16], [2] pp. Title printed in red and black, and with woodcut initials and vignettes. Handsome period brown full sheep, spine with raised bands and blind-stamped floral ornaments, edges tinted blue-green. Occasional light foxing, one leaf with a repaired tear, otherwise a very good copy.
"First Latin edition of this Jesuit history of Paraguay, "of great importance for the history of Sao Paulo, as it deals with the incursion of the 'Bandeirantes' into the missions of Paraguay. [Southey used it for his History of Brazil]" (Borba de Moraes 305-6). The present work chronicles this history from the beginning until within a few years of publication, with much on customs, language, and native religion. The work includes a number of pastoral texts in Chiquito and related languages. The work was first published in Spanish in 1726, and proved popular, with additional translations into German and Italian" (Sotheby's). "Between the years 1690 and 1720, the Jesuits from Asuncion undertook numerous attempts to locate a direct and reliable route from Asuncion to the missions of Chiquitos in eastern Bolivia.., In October 1704, Father Juan Patricio Fernandez left San Rafael to follow the route cut by Hervas and Yegros" (Howgego A114); Bosch 174 (Spanish edition); Sabin 24137.


44. FORREST, Thomas (ca.1729-ca.1802)
A Voyage to New Guinea and the Moluccas, From Balambangan: Including an Account of Magindano, Sooloo, and other Islands; and Illustrated with Thirty Copperplates. Performed in the Tartar Galley, belonging to the Honourable East India Company During the Years 1774, 1775, and 1776, to which is added, a Vocabulary of the Magindano Tongue.

London: G. Scott, 1779. First Edition. Quarto. xxiii, [i], 388, 13, [1] pp. With a portrait frontispiece and thirty other copper engraved plates, maps and plans, many folding. Handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a brown gilt label. A few plates tightly cropped at the plate mark, but overall a very nice copy.
"This work supplies what is wanting in Sonnerat, as it is full on the physical and moral character of the inhabitants, and on their language, mode of life, and trade" (Cox II, p301). "Captain Forrest served for some years in the navy and made several voyages to the East. In 1770, he was engaged in forming the new settlement at Balambangan, which had been recommended by Alexander Dalrymple. In 1774, when the council, in accordance with their instructions and with a view to developing new sources of trade, desired to send an exploring party in the direction of New Guinea, Forrest offered his services. He sailed in the "Tartar", a native boat of about ten tons burden, with two English officers and a crew of eighteen Malays. He pushed the exploration as far as Geelvink Bay in New Guinea. The voyage was one of examination and enquiry rather than of exploration, and the additions made to geographical knowledge were corrections of detail rather than startling discoveries, but the tact with which he conducted his intercourse with the natives, and the amount of work done in a small boat, deservedly won him credit as a navigator" (Hill 623).
At Geelvinks Bay, Forrest "found one of the few nutmeg forests not under control of the Dutch. After exploring the Gilol Passage, between New Guinea and the Moluccas, he sailed to Mindanao, where the sultan gave him free choice of locations for future British bases. En route he also examined the Sulu Archipelago, Mandiolo, Batchian and Waygiou.., In 1776, the 4000-mile odyssey of the Tartar ended" (Howgego F60).

45. GRANDPRE, L[ouis Marie Joseph Ohier Comte de] (1761-1846)
Voyage dans l'Inde et au Bengale, fait dans les années 1789 et 1790: Contenant la description des îles Séchelles et de Trinquemalay, des détails sur le caractère et les arts industrieux des peuples de l'Inde, la description de quelques pratiques religieuses des habitans du Bengale: suivi d'un voyage fait dans la mer rouge, contenant la description de Moka, et du commerce des Arabes de l'Yémen; des détails sur leur caractère et leurs moeurs, etc. etc.
[A Voyage in the Indian Ocean and to Bengal, undertaken in the years 1789 and 1790: containing An Account of the Sechelles Islands and Trincomale; The Character and Arts of the People of India;... To which is added, A Voyage in the Red Sea; including A Description of Mocha, and of the Trade of the Arabs of Yemen].

Paris: Dentu, An IX - 1801. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. [iv], 288; [iv], 318, [1] pp. With seven copper engraved folding plates. Original publisher's pink papered wrappers with printed paper labels. A near fine uncut set in very original condition.
"Louis de Grandpré was a French army officer who made an extensive tour of the Indian Ocean region in 1789-90, which was published in Paris in 1801 under the title Voyage dans l’Inde et au Bengale fait dans les années 1789 et 1790, contenant la description des îles Séchelles et de Trinquemaly. Grandpré began his voyage in the French-controlled Île de France (Isle of France), as Mauritius was called, passed by the Maldives, and visited the Seychelles, India, Cochin China (Vietnam), Yemen, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka), where he toured the fortress of Trincomale on the eastern coast of the island. Grandpré was very much concerned with the relative influence of the different European powers in the places he visited, especially India. His work includes a detailed analysis of the position of the French at Pondicherry, the main center of French influence in India" (World Digital Library); Howgego P84.

46. HACKE, William, editor (fl. 1671-1702)
A Collection of Original Voyages: I. Capt. Cowley's Voyage round the Globe. II. Captain Sharp's Journey over the Isthmus of Darien, and expedition into the South Seas, written by himself. III. Capt. Wood's Voyage thro' the Streights of Magellan. IV. Mr. Roberts's Adventures among corsairs of the Levant; his account of their way of living; description of the Archipelago Islands, taking of Scio, &c... Published by Capt William Hacke.

London: James Knapton, 1699. First Edition. Octavo. [xvi], 100, 53, [3] pp. With six engraved plates and maps (five folding) two small text woodcuts, 3-page publisher's advertisements at end. Early 20th century brown gilt tooled three-quarter morocco with marbled boards. World map bound in upside down, otherwise a near fine copy.
"This work is original source material for the history of the buccaneers. Hacke, who edited these voyages, had himself been a buccaneer before settling down to the somewhat more respectable work of publishing the journals of his former comrades. Ambrose Cowley was well known for his harassing ventures against the Spaniards in the West Indies. In his voyaging into the Pacific, he sailed further south than any of his predecessors, and he named some of the Galapagos Islands. Bartholomew Sharp, the elected leader of the buccaneers, plundered and looted all along the west coast of South America and weakened Spanish domination in those seas by capturing some important maps in 1680, from which Hacke later made several highly important manuscript atlases. John Wood served on John Narbrough's expedition to the west coast of South America and gave an account of the Patagonians. Roberts adventured with Greek pirates, escaped from them, and was then involved with the Venetian fleet at the battle of Scio" (Hill 741); Cox I, p.9.
"In 1682, under conditions of the utmost secrecy, Hack was commissioned by government ministers to copy the book of charts seized by Captain Bartholomew Sharpe off Cape Pasado (modern Ecuador) in June 1681. Hack capitalized on this opportunity by producing an unnecessarily lavish presentation copy for Charles II in what appears to have been a deft suit for royal patronage (BL, Maps K. Mar. VIII.15). Hack also obtained the journals of Sharpe and Basil Ringrose, which were copied and edited under his direction over the course of the next twenty years (copies of these two works are at BL, Sloane MS 46B and 48 respectively). The finished products were among items he presented to his royal patrons, Charles II and James II, and to a select coterie of other sponsors, notably Christopher Monk, second duke of Albemarle, and John, Lord Somers, chancellor of England. Hack is not known to have kept an apprentice, but he was assisted in producing copies of Sharpe's journal by the Jewish linguist Phillip Dassigny.
Hack's prolific output of manuscript charts outstripped that of any other member of the Thames school. A conservative estimate of the total number of charts he personally produced between 1682 and 1702 exceeds 300, although this probably represents a fraction of the true figure. Many of these were multiple copies of the charts deriving from Sharpe's voyage, but he also produced atlases of coastlines in Africa and the Orient. His business premises were ‘At the Signe of Great Britain and Ireland’ by Wapping New Stairs, London, although from the evidence of several charts dated 1686 he seems to have had a temporary address at Gun Wharf. Towards the end of his career Hack prospered and his interests diversified. In December 1695 he was apparently resident in Mile End Green, having adopted the rank of captain in correspondence with Sir William Trumbull over a scheme to press foreigners into the naval service. In 1699, as ‘Capt. William Hacke’, he edited and published A Collection of Original Voyages printed by James Knapton, printer to the Royal Society. The collection contained an abridged account of Sharpe's voyage and illustrations by Herman Moll" (Oxford DNB); Sabin 29473.

47. HAMILTON, Charles, Esq (1752/3-1792)
An Historical Relation of the Origin, Progress, and Final Dissolution of the Government of the Rohilla Afghans in the Northern Provinces of Hindostan. Compiled from a Persian Manuscript and other Original Papers.

London: Printed for G. Kearsley, 1787. First Edition. Octavo. xvii, 298 pp. Original grey papered boards rebacked in style with beige paper and printed paper label. A very good copy.
Charles Hamilton, Esq. An Officer in the Service of the Honourable East-India Company on the Bengal Establishment. The Rohillas, described by Macaulay as ‘the finest population in India’ were military adventurers from Afghanistan who had entered India some 35 years earlier and settled in Rohilkind, a stretch of country between the Ganges and Himalayas on the north-western borders of Oudh. In 1774 Shuja-ud-daula, with the assistance of a brigade of the East India Company's troops provided by Warren Hastings, invaded Rohilkind, killing their principal chief, Hafiz Rahmat, and annexing the country. This action figured later in the charges against Hasting during his impeachment.
Hamilton, a lieutenant in the Indian army, served in the campaign against the Rohillas where he collected materials for this, his first book. He was a noted orientalist, and one of the first members of the Asiatic Society of Calcutta. In 1791, whilst in England, he was appointed resident at the court if the grand vizier at Oudh, but died, aged 39, before he could take up the appointment. A second edition was published in 1788. Cox I, p 256; Bibliography of Afghanistan 2480.
"A student of oriental languages, Hamilton was one of the first members of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. During an expedition against the Rohillas of Afghanistan he obtained a collection of Persian manuscripts from which he wrote his Historical relation of the origin, progress, and final dissolution of the government of the Rohilla Afghans in the northern provinces of Hindostan (1787). In the year before its publication Hamilton gained permission to return home for five years in order to translate from the Persian the Hedaya (published in 1791 as Hedaya, or, Guide), a commentary on Muslim laws, for which task he had been selected by the governor-general and council of Bengal" (Oxford DNB).


48. HANWAY, Jonas (1712-1786)
An Historical Account of the British Trade over the Caspian Sea. With a Journal of Travels from London through Russia into Persia; and back Through Russia, Germany and Holland. To which are added, The revolutions of Persia during the present century, with the particular history of the great usurper Nadir Kouli.

London: Dodsley et al, 1753. First Edition. Quarto, 4 vols. bound in 3. xx, 399; xv, [i], 374, [15]; xv, 255; xv, [i], 301, [20] pp. With four copper engraved frontispieces, fifteen other copper engraved plates and nine folding engraved maps. Later period style brown gilt tooled quarter calf with grey papered boards and red and green gilt morocco labels. A very good set.
The author "travelled to Russia in 1743 where he entered into a partnership with a certain Mr. Dingley, a merchant at St. Petersburg. In that year Hanway set out southward from Moscow with a caravan of woollen goods, followed the Volga and the western shores of the Caspian Sea, and arrived in Persia where he traded in the north of the country and along the Caspian coast. While there, according to his narrative published in 1753, he suffered many hardships and adventures. At Astrabad, his furthest east, he was robbed by Qajar rebels but, after visiting the shah at Hamadan, won compensation for his stolen goods. He returned in 1745 by way of the Caspian and Volga, and in 1750 returned to London, where, having amassed a considerable fortune, he retired from trade and 1753 published an account of his travels" (Howgego H21). "Hanway was a well known traveller and philanthropist, popularly remembered as the pioneer user of the umbrella" (Cox I, p. 255); "One of the earliest accounts of the Caspian region by a European" (Ghani p. 167).
"On 18 February 1743 he joined the Russia Company as junior partner with Charles Dingley and Henry Klencke, and took ship for Riga in April, and thence travelled overland to St Petersburg, where he was soon engaged in fitting out an expedition to Persia by way of the Caspian Sea. Hanway's mission was to sell English broadcloth for Persian silk and to evaluate the potential of trade with Persia, then ruled by the last great steppe conqueror, Shah Nadir Kuli Khan (1688-1747). A trans-Caspian trade had been pioneered by the Muscovy Company in 1566, but it was a tenuous link, dependent on political stability in central Asia and the co-operation of rulers in both Persia and Russia both of which were distant hopes in Hanway's time.
With only an English clerk, a Russian menial servant, a Tartar boy, and a Russian soldier, Hanway travelled to Moscow and thence to Astrakhan, where he boarded a British ship, the Empress of Russia, which conveyed him across the Caspian to Langarud. His destination was Mashhad, but his caravan was captured on the way by rebellious Khyars, allied to Turkomans from the steppes to the north. Robbed of his goods, and forced to flee in disguise along the bleak southern shores of the Caspian, he was rescued by merchant colleagues. He was later partially compensated by Nadir Shah, who desired cordial relations with the British in order to enlist British artisans to construct a Persian navy for the Caspian. However, Hanway, and those who sent him, had underestimated the insecurity of the route while exaggerating the potential of the trade. In retrospect he concluded that the trade held no great promise, for Persia was too poor and Russia was wholly disinclined to see the expansion of Persian power on its southern frontier. From these adventures he derived his motto in later life, ‘Never Despair’. Hanway spent the next five years in St Petersburg, trying to revive his trade and reputation, before he returned to Britain via Germany and the Netherlands, in October 1750" (Oxford DNB).

49. HARTUNG, George (1822-1891)
Die Azoren in Ihrer Ausseren Erscheinung und nach Ihrer Geognostischen Natur Geschildert. [A Description of the Azores, Especially Their Geological Features].

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1860. First Edition. Large Octavo Text & Small Folio Atlas. viii, 350+[1] pp. Atlas with one map and nineteen other lithographed plates, many colored and folding. Handsome period style red gilt tooled half morocco with marbled boards. A very good set.
Georg Hartung was a pioneer German geologist. His work "on the Azores contains illustrations of great scientific interest. Georg Hartung also met and corresponded with Charles Darwin and with Sir Charles Lyell, the pioneer of modern geology, from whom he received scientific samples. He visited the Canary Islands in the winter of 1853 and the spring of 1854" (Wikipedia).


50. HILL, S[amuel] S.
Travels in Siberia.

London: London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1854. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xv, [1], 458; xvi, 432 pp. Period dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with green pebbled cloth boards. A very good set.
The author travels from Moscow via towns and places including Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Yekaterinburg, Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Kyakhta, Miatchin, Lena River, Yakutsk, Ochotsk, to Kamchatka. It seems that after Kamchatka Hill travelled to Hawaii and these travels are recorded in his "Travels in the Sandwich and Society Islands." "Samuel Hill was a prolific writer of Travel books, the National Union Catalogue records seven titles by him published between the years 1837 and 1866" (Hawaiian National Bibliography III, 2175).


51. HOOKER, Joseph Dalton (1817-1911)
Himalayan Journals. Notes of a Naturalist in Bengal, the Sikkim and Nepal Himalayas, the Khasia Mountains.

London: John Murray, 1854. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. [xxviii], 408, 32; xii, 487 pp. Two frontispieces and ten other chromolithographic plates, 80 wood engravings on plates and in text, and two folding maps. Original publisher's brown blind stamped pictorial gilt cloth. Re-cased with original spines laid down, corners strengthened and with some minor foxing of plates, otherwise a very good set.
"Hooker had collected about 7000 species in India and Nepal.., Hooker's journey also produced his Himalayan Journals (1854), which was dedicated to Darwin and was the first to open European eyes to the delights of Sikkim" (Howgego 1800-1850, H33). "Hooker was the first to make an almost complete circuit of Kanchenjunga in the years 1848-50: a classic of early Himalayan travel" (Neate H108).
"When Hooker first sought permission to enter Sikkim the Diwan made considerable efforts to prevent him, and even after pressure from the British administration forced the Diwan to submit he obstructed their progress in various ways. He particularly urged them not to cross the northern border with Tibet during their explorations, but Hooker and Campbell knowingly ignored his order and the border violation was used by the Diwan as a pretext to arrest and imprison them in November 1849. The British government secured their release within weeks by threatening to invade Sikkim" (Oxford DNB).
"The author, a botanist, explored the Sikkim and East Nepal Himalaya in the years of 1848-50. This is an account of his journey and his botanical observations, and is classical Himalayan literature in early Himalaya explorations" (Yakushi H236a).

52. HOSKINS, G[eorge] A[lexander], Esq. (1802-1863)
Travels in Ethiopia, Above the Second Cataract of the Nile; Exhibiting the State of that Country, and its Various Inhabitants, Under the Dominion of Mohamed Ali, and Illustrating the Antiquities, Arts, and History of the Ancient Kingdom of Meroe.

London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longman, 1835. First Edition. Quarto. xix, 367 pp. With 54 (six colour) lithographed plates (on 53, as Nos.53 and 54 are printed on one sheet, as issued), 35 woodcuts in text and one folding map. Original publisher's blue-gray decorative pictorial gilt cloth. Spine very light faded and map with very mild foxing, otherwise a very good copy.
"Hoskins explored, in 1833, a relatively little-known area: Ethiopia above the second cataract, especially Meroe. He was the first European to describe the antiquities of Meroe and he spent a year in Upper Egypt studying the monuments, sculpture and hieroglyphics" (Blackmer Sale Catalogue 695). He "first visited Egypt and Nubia in 1832-33. He returned later in life for reasons of health, but died in Rome in 1863. His two books, the first published after his first journey, and the second in the year of his death, are important for comparing how many of the ancient monuments had been carried off or destroyed during the intervening period" (Howgego 1800-1850 E4); Fumagalli 162; Gay 2574; Hess & Coger 1376; Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 310.

53. KIRKPATRICK, William (1754-1812)
An Account of the Kingdom of Nepaul, Being the Substance of Observations Made During a Mission to that Country, in the Year 1793.

London: William Miller, 1811. First Edition. Quarto. xix, [ii], 386, [2], [4] pp. With a copper engraved vignette, a large folding copper engraved map, thirteen copper engraved plates, and one hand colored aquatint. Period brown gilt tooled diced full calf, re-backed in style with a maroon gilt label. A very good copy.
"In 1792 [Kirkpatrick] headed a diplomatic mission to Nepal, leading the first Britons into that kingdom. Kirkpatrick told Cornwallis's secretary, Colonel Ross, on 27 October 1792, that the mission went to settle a dispute between Nepal and Tibet and ‘to advance useful knowledge’ (BL OIOC, Kirkpatrick MSS, MS Eur. F/228/1, fol. 41). Arriving after the dispute ended, he spent three weeks in Nepal, and though he returned to India without concrete benefit, the mission was regarded as a successful foray into an unknown land" (Oxford DNB).
"Account of the first Englishman's visit to the Kathmandu Valley. The author was sent in with a small party by Lord Cornwallis as "mediator" between China and Nepal in 1793. He also gives a historical sketch of Nepal" (Yakushi 214). "Kirkpatrick arrived in Nawakot early in 1792, but was too late to influence the peace terms already agreed, or to establish closer ties between the British and Nepalese. He returned to India later that year.., His account of Nepal, which did not appear until 1811, was the first primary account of Nepal to be written in English, and was the only reference work on the country for many years" (Howgego K27).

54. KOTZEBUE, Otto von (1787-1846)
Entdeckungs-Reise in die Süd-See und nach der Berings-Strasse zur Erforschung einer nordöstlichen Durchfahrt: unternommen in den Jahren 1815, 1816, 1817 und 1818 auf Kosten Sr. Erlaucht des Herrn Reichs-Kanzlers Grafen Rumanzoff auf dem Schiffe Rurick unter dem Befehle des Lieutenants der Russisch-Kaiserlichen Marine, Otto von Kotzebue.

[A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea, and Beerings Straits, for the Purpose of Exploring a North-East Passage, undertaken in the Years 1815--1818, at the Expense of his Highness the Chancellor of the Empire, Count Romanzoff, in the Ship Rurick, under the Command of the Lieutenant in the Russian Imperial Navy, Otto Von Kotzebue].
Weimar: Gebruedern Hoffmann, 1821. First Edition. Quarto 3 vols. in one. xviii, [iii], 168; 176; [i], 240 pp. 6 engraved maps, 5 folding, 19 hand-coloured aquatint plates from drawings by Choris, 4 double-page, 1 black and white plate, Handsome brown period style elaborately gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards. With an expertly removed library marking on title page, otherwise a near fine copy.
"First Edition on laid paper with all the aquatint plates finely coloured by hand, of the second Russian circumnavigation and the first for scientific purposes, sponsored by Count Romanzoff, one of Russia's greatest patrons of the sciences. It proved to be one of the most important and fruitful of all Russian circumnavigations, contributing greatly to knowledge of the South Seas, Pacific Northwest and Alaska, although without finding the North-West Passage (here termed the North-East by Kotzebue).
[Kotzebue] commanded the Rurick and knew the North Pacific well from his earlier voyage with Krusenstern. With him were Louis Choris, expedition artist, and Adelbert von Chamisso, naturalist. Their valuable study of Pacific islands included Easter Island, the Tuamotus, Marshalls and the newly-discovered Romanzoff Islands, and Kotzebue's reports on coral atolls were later used by Charles Darwin. Reaching Kamchatka they passed through Bering Strait, explored Kotzebue Sound, and investigated the Pribilof Islands and Aleutians, recording excellent descriptions of the Chukchis, Aleuts and Eskimos. Before crossing the Pacific they made stops on the California coast, at San Francisco, followed by a long stay in Hawaii at the court of King Kamehameha I, handsomely portrayed by Choris. Choris' own illustrated account of the voyage was published in 1822" (Christies).
"The second Russian expedition into the Pacific for scientific exploration, sponsored by Count Romanzoff, was commanded by Lieutenant Kotzebue, and also included the famous artist Ludovik Choris. Kotzebue had also sailed with Captain Kruzenshtern in 1803-06. Leaving Kronstadt in 1815, the Rurik rounded Cape Horn and visited Chile, Easter Island, and the Marshall Islands. Kotzebue explored the North American coast and Hawaii and searched unsuccessfully for a passage to the Arctic Ocean. The description of the northwest coast of America is a most important contribution" (Hill 943); Arctic Bibliography 9195; "A Celebrated narrative important for its descriptions of Alaska, California, Hawaii and Micronesia" (Forbes 525); Howgego 1800-1850, K20. "The three volumes are rich in early original source material on Alaska" (Lada-Mocarski 80); Sabin 38284.

55. KRASHENINNIKOV, Stepan Petrovich (1711-1755)
Histoire de Kamtschatka, Des Isles Kurilski, et Des Contrées Voisines, Publiée à Petersbourg, en Langue Russienne, par ordre de Sa Majesté Impériale. On y a joint deux Cartes, l'une de Kamtschatka, & l'autre des Isles Kurilski. Traduite par M. E***. [The History of Kamtschatka, and the Kurilski Islands, with the Countries Adjacent].

Lyon: Chez Benoit Duplain, 1767. First French Edition. Small Octavo. [viii], xv, [i], 327; [viii], 359 pp. With two large copper engraved folding maps. Handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf with red and black gilt labels. A near fine set.
"The Russian Krasheninnikov started out across Siberia with Gerhard Friedrich Mueller and Johann Georg Gmelin, and then made his own way to Kamchatka. When Georg Wilhelm Steller arrived in Kamchatka to supervise his work, Krasheninnikov left in order to avoid becoming Steller's assistant, and returned to St. Petersburg. Krasheninnikov nonetheless was able to make use of Steller's notes in the preparation of his own narrative, and the inclusion of Steller's observations on America, made during his travels with Bering's second voyage, are an important part of this work, and constitute one of the earliest accounts of Alaska and the Aleutian Islands. Steller's account was not published until 1793. This work details the customs, morals, and religion of the Kamchatka peninsula, and discusses the power exercised by the magicians. Also described are the differences between the dialects of the Kamchatkans and those of the Korsairs and of the Kurile islanders. This is the first scientific account of those regions" (Hill 948-9).
"The first French edition, translated by Marc Antoine Eidous from the English of James Grieve, of the Russian Krasheneninnikov's important account of Kamchatka, Alaska and the Aleutian Islands, which was based upon his own travels and those of George Wilhelm Stellar" (Bonhams). "Krasheninnikov journeyed through Siberia (1733-36) and the Kamchatka Peninsula (1737-41) before giving the first full description of the latter. Krasheninnikov volcano (6089 feet) is named after him"(Sotheby's); Cox I, p.351; Howgego K37; Lada-Mocarski 12; Sabin38303.

56. LABAT, Père Jean-Baptiste (1663-1738)
Voyage du Chevalier Des Marchais en Guinée, Isles Voisines, Et a Cayénne, Fait En 1725, 1726 & 1727. Contenant une description très exacte & très étendue de ces paîs, & du commerce qui s'y fait: Enrichi d'un grand nombre de cartes & de figures en tailles douces par Labat. [Chevalier Des Marchais's Voyage to Guinea, the Adjacent Islands, and Cayenne, Made In 1725, 1726 & 1727. Containing a very accurate & very expansive description of these countries & trade done there..,].

Amsterdam: Aux dépens de la Compagnie., 1731. First Amsterdam Edition. Small Octavo. [iv], xxii, 335; [viii], 292; [iv], 330, [24; [iv], 392 pp. Engraved additional title, 31 maps and plates (many folding). Very handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled mottled full calf. Extremities with mild wear, hinges with crack but holding, otherwise a very good set.
"The author made several voyages to Africa and America. He gave an exact account of everything he saw, for which he was well qualified, "being a person of great understanding and curiosity, an able draughtsman, a good geometer, and an excellent navigator" (Cox I, p.381). "Jean-Baptiste Labat, also known as Pere Labat, was a French clergyman and explorer who was additionally an accomplished engineer and mathematician. He modernized the sugar industry and developed new production techniques while living in Martinique" (Heritage Auctions). "Labat had a wide reputation as a mathematician and won recognition both as a naturalist and as a scientist" (Howgego L43). "Vols. III and IV relate almost entirely to the French possessions in South America, and are illustrated with D'Anville's maps" (Sabin 38414). "The genus of the tropical fruit tree family Sapotaceae Labatia, first described in 1788, was named after Labat" (Wikipedia); Gay 2819.

57. LABILLARDIERE, Jacques Julien Houten de (1755-1834)
Relation du Voyage a la Recherche de La Perouse, Fait par Ordre de l'Assemblee Constituante, Pendant les annees 1791, 1792, et pendant le 1ere. et la 2de. annee de la Republique Francoise. [Voyage in Search of La Pérouse, Performed by Order of the Constituent Assembly, During the Years 1791, 1792, 1793, and 1794, and Drawn by M. Labillardiere].

Paris: H.J. Jansen, An VIII [i.e. 1800]. First (Octavo Text) Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. & Folio Atlas. xvi, 440; 332, 109, [2] pp. Atlas with an engraved title page and 44 copper engraved plates, including a large folding map. Period dark green gilt tooled quarter morocco with marbled boards. Text rebound in style, otherwise a very good set.
"After three years had passed by without any news of the ill-fated expedition under La Pérouse, the French Government sent out to the South Seas two vessels under the command of D'Entrecasteaux and Kermadee to search for him. Among the scientists on board was the naturalist Labillardière. Although entirely unsuccessful in its search, the voyage was of considerable importance. Labillardière gives the first scientific description of the New Zealand flax, and brought back several New Zealand plants. He describes the visits paid by the expedition to Tasmania, New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands, New Guinea, etc." (Cox I, p. 67-68).
"Although unsuccessful in the search for La Perouse, the voyage was of considerable importance because of the scientific observations that were made and the surveys of the coasts of Tasmania, New Caledonia, the north coast of New Guinea, and the southwest coast of Australia. Labillardiere's account of the Tongans is an excellent contribution to the ethnology of that people. This is the first octavo edition.., A quarto edition, also published in Paris in 1799-1800 is frequently referred to as the first edition. However, it appears that this octavo edition and the quarto edition were published simultaneously" (Hill 954); Howgego E26; Ferguson I, 307.

58. LAING, Major Alexander Gordon (1794-1826)
Travels in the Timannee, Kooranko, and Soolina Countries, in Western Africa.

London: John Murray, 1825. First Edition. Octavo. x, [ii], 465 pp. With seven aquatint plates and one folding engraved map. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Re-cased using the original spine, otherwise a very good copy.
In this book Laing describes his expedition in 1822, during which he explored regions which had only been known by name up to then. He went to Falaba, the capital of the Sulima, where he was prevented from going on by the war of the Ashanti. During his next expedition he was the first European to reach Timbuktu but was killed on his further journey. "In 1821 the government decided that there were commercial and political advantages to be gained by establishing contact with some of the peoples of the interior, and at the end of the year the governor of Sierra Leone, Sir Charles McCarthy, proposed a mission to Kambia and the Mandingo Country. Laing was chosen to lead the expedition and set out in January 1822, proceeding first to Malacouri, a Mandingo town on the river Malageea. There he learned that Sannassee, the chief of the district of Malageea and a friend of the British government, had been captured by Amara, the king of the Soolimas, and was about to be put to death. Laing therefore resolved to go to the Soolima camp and intercede for the life of Sannassee. He crossed the Malageea near its source, reached the camp, negotiated the release of Sannassee, then returned to the coast" (Howgego 1800-1850, L5).
"His Travels, published in 1825, give a lively account of his adventures, including not only observations on the customs of the peoples he encountered, illustrated with his own rather amateurish drawings and a good map, but also an oral history of Solima Yalunka back to the seventeenth century, useful to later historians. Laing was transferred to the Gold Coast in 1823 and edited the first newspaper to be published there. Then, stationed on the frontier, he participated in some skirmishes with the Asante army before the disastrous battle of Nsamanko, in which MacCarthy and almost all his men were killed" (Oxford DNB).

59. LESSON, [René] P[rimevere] (1794-1849)
Voyage Autour du Monde Entrepris par Ordre du Gouvernement sur la Corvette la Coquille. [Voyage Around the World in the Corvette La Coquille Undertaken by Order of the Government].

Paris: P. Pourrat Frères, 1838-1839. First Edition. Octavo 2 vols. [iv], 510, [2]; [iv], 547, [2] pp. With two engraved title vignettes, one engraved portrait frontispiece, twenty-three other engraved plates (some folding) and nineteen hand colored plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled full mottled sheep with red and olive gilt morocco labels. Some mild foxing of some plates, otherwise a very good set.
"Commanded by Louis Isidore Duperrey, This voyage of 1822-25 was largely scientific in purpose, calling at Brazil and the Falkland Islands, and then rounding Cape Horn and sailing up the coast visiting Concepcion, Callao, and Payta. Heading towards the Tuamotu Archipelago, Duperrey discovered Clermont Tonnerre (Reao) and then proceeded to Tahiti. In June 1823, the 'Coquille' sailed for Port Jackson via Tonga, the Santa Cruz Island, New Britain, New Ireland, and the Moluccas. 1824 Duperrey had arrived in the Bay of Islands at New Zealand. He sailed to Rotuma, the Gilberts, the Carolines, New Guinea and Java before making his way home.The expedition achieved notable scientific results and corrections in maps, accumulated much meteorological data, and brought back many rock samples and botanical specimens. Lesson was the naturalist of this expedition, and his account of the voyage supplies details which Duperrey failed to include in his own account" (Hill 1012); Howgego 1800-1850, D37; O'Reilly-Reitman 828; Sabin 40214.

60. LEVESQUE, Pierre-Charles (1736-1812)
Histoire de Russie [History of Russia]: Atlas Volume.

Paris, Hamburg & Brunswick: l’Imprimerie de Guilleminet,Pierre-Francois Fauche, An VIII [1800]. Nouvelle Edition. Quarto. 16 pp. With a folding engraved outline hand colored map and sixteen engraved plates (many folding). Handsome period brown gilt tooled quarter calf with red gilt lettered morocco labels and marbled boards. Occasional very mild foxing, otherwise a very good copy.
Atlas to the third edition of Histoire de Russie (earlier editions were published without separate atlas). The folding map drawn by A. Brue shows European Russia and the Caucasus. The plates depict views, temples and buildings mostly of the region of Volga, Ural Mountains and Kirghiz steppes. Among them are the ruins of the ancient city of Bolghar and of the mysterious Buddhist monastery Ablaikit in vicinity of Ust-Kamenogorsk in modern Kazakhstan. Ablaikit was built by a Kalmyk khan in 1654-1656 and was destroyed in 1670. At the beginning of the 18th century there were still sculptures and pictures in the monastery’s temple. Manuscripts found there in 1720 were sent to Saint Petersburg. The plates include a general view, topographical plan and interior view of the temple of Ablaikit. Costumes of Kasimov Tatars, Samoyeds, Ostiaks, Mordvinians, Kalmyks, Tshouvach, Mongols and Kirghiz are also included.
Pierre Charles Levesque was a French historian, philosopher and moralist, initially engraver. He lived in Russia for seven years working as a teacher in the Cadet Corps and the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg. His "Histoire de Russie" was recognized as the most significant research on Russian history written by a foreign scientist in the 18th century. It was widely popular in Russia before Nikolai Karamzin published his famous work, and kept its scientific significance until the end of the 19th century. Levesque was the first author who based his work mostly on Russian sources and historical works. For his achievements Levesque was accepted as a member of Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-letters (1789) and taught history in Collège de France (Nouvelle Biographie Générale, vol. 31, 38-39).

61. LILLINGSTON, Luke (1653-1713)
Reflections on Mr. Burchet's Memoirs: Or Remarks on His Account of Captain Wilmot's Expedition to the West-Indies.

London, 1704. First Edition. Octavo. [xviii], 171 pp. Period dark brown blind stamped panelled full calf, rebacked in style with red gilt label. Cover corners worn, otherwise a very good copy.
"Lillingstone's battalion took part in Robert Wilmot's expedition to Jamaica in 1695, sent in response to alarmist reports that the island had fallen to France. In reality, French forces under Du Casse, based in Hispaniola, had simply raided Jamaica, although much property had been destroyed. Wilmot and Lillingstone attacked the French-held section of Hispaniola in ill-conceived and poorly co-ordinated operations, failing to dislodge Du Casse from the south of the island. Wilmot died late in 1695 but, when Lillingstone returned to England in 1696, he submitted to the council of trade and plantations a scathing indictment of Wilmot's conduct. At the root of the problem was a clash of personalities resulting in a failure of army-navy co-operation. Lillingstone's weakened battalion was disbanded in 1697 and he was reduced to half-pay until 1705, although he was compensated by the retrospective grant of a pension of £200 by Queen Anne on 9 March 1702. In 1702 Lillingstone published an account of the Hispaniola operations and his reputation was further damaged by the rejoinder of Josiah Burchett, secretary of the Admiralty" (Oxford DNB).
"Burchett evidently made some unfavorable remarks concerning Col. Lillingston's conduct in the West Indian Naval operations during 1694-97, and in this work the Colonel gives further particulars concerning the expeditions against Martinique and St. Domingo in which he was in command of the landing parties" (Cox II, p438).
"Colonel Lillingston was Lieutenant-Colonel of Colonel Ffoulkes’s regiment of foot in the Martinique expedition in February to October, 1693. His brother, Jarvis Lillingston, an officer of Gustavus Hamilton’s (20th) foot, was made Major in Ffoulkes’s, and died on the expedition. Colonel Ffoulkes also died on the expedition, and Luke Lillington obtained the colonelcy. The expedition miscarried, and Lillingston’s regiment was put on board the homeward-bound men-of-war at Newfoundland and Boston to supply the place of seamen. The regiment, 670 strong, was broken at Plymouth by order of Lord Cutts, and reformed with six hundred men of the regiment and six hundred of Colt, Norcott, and Farrington (29th foot), in December, 1694, and embarked as a reinforcement for Jamaica in January, 1695. That island, still suffering from the effects of the Port Royal earthquake of 1602, had been harried by buccaneering attacks from the French settlement in Hispaniola (St. Domingo). A naval squadron, under Captain Robert Wilmot, with Lillingston’s troops on board, acting in concert with the Spaniards, took and destroyed the French port of Porto Paix, Hispaniola. Thereupon the English troops withdrew to Jamaica, and Governor William Beeston reported that Lillingston’s regiment was so weak and sickly that he had to send them into the country for change of air. Lillingston went home to recruit, and made various claims on the Government. His regiment disappeared from the rolls on the peace of Ryswick, and he published this reply to Burchett’s account of the Porto Paix affair, to which Burchett issued a rejoinder" (Maggs Catalogue (1928); Sabin 41072.


62. LISIANSKY, Urey (1773-1837)
Voyage Round the World in the Years 1803, 1804, 1805 and 1806 Performed by Order of His Imperial Majesty Alexander the First, Emperor of Russia in the ship Neva.

London: John Booth & Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, & Brown, 1814. First Edition. Quarto. [xxiv], 388 pp. With a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, three other engraved plates, eight copper engraved hand colored maps (some folding), and two hand colored aquatints. Original publisher's brown papered boards. Expertly re-backed in style, several plates with very mild offsetting, an uncut near fine copy in very original condition.
"Originally published in Russian at St. Petersburg, 1812, this English translation of 1814 is by the author. Lisianskii, deputy commander of Kruzenshtern's expedition around the world, received word of the massacre at Sitka upon reaching Kodiak in 1804. The Kolosh Indians had attacked the settlement of the Russian-American Company and slaughtered almost the entire garrison. Lisianskii laid siege to the Kolosh stronghold and ultimately drove the Indians into the back country. Lisianskii, commanding the Neva, followed a different route from Kruzenshtern, in the Nadezhda, the two ships separating at the Hawaiian Islands. He called at Easter Island and the Marquesas, and discovered Lisianski Island in the Hawaiian Chain. Appended are vocabularies of the language of Nuku Hiva, the Hawaiian Islands, the Islands of Kodiak and Unalaska, the Bay of Kenai, and Sitka Sound" (Hill 1026). Forbes 443. Sabin 41416.
"Highly important work on Sitka, Kodiak and other parts of the northwest coast" (Howes L372). "Ranks in value with Cook and Vancouver as a contribution to geographical knowledge on the N. W. Coast, Sandwich Islands, etc. The colored plates are of unsurpassed beauty" (Wright Howes 56-259). Smith 2255.
"Most important work dealing with discoveries on the N.W. coast of America. The author was a captain in the Russian navy and commander of the “Neva.” He visited Kodiak and Sitka, wintering at the former island, and his long stay there gave him ample time and scope for a study of the native inhabitants and their habits and customs. The long chart shows the track of the voyage, and there are charts of the Washington Islands, Cadiack, and the Harbor of St. Paul, the coast from Bering’s Bay to Sea Otter Bay, Sitka or Norfolk Sound, etc.; with colored views of the Harbor of St. Paul in the Island of Cadiack. and New Archangel in Norfolk Sound. There are also plates of Indian implements, etc. The work is important also as the principal source for the Sitka Massacre" (Soliday 873).
"The naturalist, Langsdorff’s account is of particular importance for its scientific observations, and, like Krusenstern’s, for the history and geographical discoveries in the Aleutian Islands, the Northwest Coast, and California. Further, it contains information respecting the Russian voyages and discoveries in the Northern Ocean, the Russian fur trade and the Russian-American Company. According to Sabin, it affords "a fuller account of Sitka and of the settlement of San Francisco than any other"" (Eberstadt 119-025).

63. LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[PRESENTATION COPY] Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa; Including a Sketch of Sixteen Years' Residence in the Interior of Africa, and a Journey From the Cape of Good Hope to Loanda on the West Coast: Thence Across the Continent, Down the River Zambesi, to the Eastern Ocean;
[With]: A Carte de Visite Portrait Photograph of David Livingstone with his Printed Signature from the London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company ca. 1860.

London: John Murray, 1857. First Edition Presentation Copy to W .H. Wylde from the Author. Octavo. ix, [i], 687, [8] pp. Folding frontispiece, and 23 other wood engravings on plates, a portrait steel engraving, two folding maps (one large in rear pocket) and many wood engravings in text. Original brown blind stamped gilt cloth. Spine very mildly faded, otherwise a very good copy.
"Presented to W. H. Wylde by the Author" written in ink on the top of the dedication page.
"Livingstone was immediately hailed as the greatest British explorer since the time of Elizabeth I. He had achieved the first transcontinental African journey by a pure-blood European and his observations and cartography were far superior to anything achieved by the Portuguese, necessitating a complete redrawing of the map of Central Africa"(Howgego 1850-1940 Continental Exploration, L33); Hess & Coger 3068; Mendelssohn I, p. 908-910.
"Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa, evokes earlier accounts of southern Africa, notably by Philip and Moffat, but Livingstone's book stands out from these by reason of its intellectual breadth. Throughout his sixteen years in Africa, Livingstone had kept himself supplied with reading matter on religion, medicine, natural history, and physical anthropology. He had, moreover, maintained an extensive correspondence with friends made in Glasgow, Ongar, and London. And from 1851, aware of his growing reputation as an explorer, he kept a journal. Here he recorded a miscellany of ruminations and minute observation which attest to a wide-ranging curiosity about the human race and the natural world, and owe much to his medical training. When he came to write his book, he enriched a stirring narrative, told in conversational style, with insights acquired by informed eyes and ears, as well as with shafts of caustic humour" (Oxford DNB).
The W. H. Wylde this book is presented to is possibly the same that explored the Ruwenzori Mountains and "with a companion named Ward climbed to the crest in the Mobuku valley" (Howgego 1850-1940, Continental Exploration, U1).

64. LOUBERE, Simon de la (1642-1729)
A New Historical Relation of the Kingdom of Siam by Monsieur De La Loubere, Envoy Extraordinary from the French King, to the King of Siam, in the years 1687 and 1688. Wherein a Full and Curious Account is Given of the Chinese Way of Arithmetick, and Mathematick Learning.

London: Thomas Horne, Francis Saunders & Thomas Bennet, 1693. First English Edition. Quarto. [iv], 260 pp. With two copper engraved maps and nine copper engraved plates. Handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled paneled full calf with brown gilt morocco label. Hinges with small cracks, title page with mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"In addition to the interesting account of Siam and the Siamese, this work contains many curios matters of information: The Life of Thevetat, Siamese Alphabet, Smoking Instrument, Chess-Play of the Chinese, Relation of the Cape of Good Hope, with four cuts, Siamese Astronomy, Problem of Magical Squares, according to the Indians, Manners of the Chinese. This embassy was one of the several sent from Louis Xiv to Siam, all of which were accompanied by priests of the Jesuit orders. Tachard made his second voyage with La Loubere. French interest in Siam seems to have declined after this embassy. La Loubere must have been busy with his eyes to note so much in a three months' stay" (Cox I p.329); Cordier Indosinica 723.
"La Loubere was French ambassador to Siam from 1687 to 1688" (Sothebys). "The embassy, composed of five warships, arrived in Bangkok in October 1687 and was received by Ok-khun Chamnan. De la Loubère returned to France onboard the Gaillard on 3 January 1688, accompanied by the Jesuit Guy Tachard, and a Siamese embassy led by Ok-khun Chamnan.., Simon de la Loubère is also famous for making one of the earliest account of a parachute following his embassy to Siam. He reported in his 1691 book that a man would jump from a high place with two large umbrellas to entertain the King of Siam, landing into trees, rooftops, and sometimes rivers" (Wikipedia).

65. LYDEKKER, Richard
The Great and Small Game of India, Burma and Tibet.

London: Rowland Ward, 1900. Numbered Limited First Edition #93 of 250 Signed by the Publisher. Quarto. xviii, 416 pp. With nine hand-coloured lithographed plates and sixty-two text illustrations. Recent maroon patterned cloth bound by Fancy Book Binder, Chotta Babu Bazar, Rawalpindi. Three plates without their descriptive leaves and one plate with the descriptive leaf text cut out and mounted on the following text page, plates quite browned, one plate trimmed, otherwise a good copy.
"A sumptuous rendering of south Asia's wild game species in art and text. Lydekker describes more than seventy varieties of game with attendant notes on sport from experiences of Demidoff, Darrah, Valentine and others. The handcolored plates are espoecially striking. Quite scarce as only 250 copies printed and signed by Rowland Ward" (Czech Asian Big Game p.129); Wood p.444; Yakushi L318.

66. MACKENZIE, Alexander (1763/4-1820)
Voyages from Montreal, on the River St. Laurence, Through the Continent of North America, to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans; In the Years 1789 and 1793; With a Preliminary Account of the Rise, Progress, and Present State of the Fur Trade of that Country.

London: T. Cadell et al., 1801. First Edition. Quarto. cxxxii, 413 pp. With a copper engraved portrait frontispiece with three large folding maps. Handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled speckled full calf. Maps backed on Japanese paper with old tears repaired, some mild minor staining of text, three matching leaves supplied from another copy, otherwise a very good copy.
"First and finest edition of the earliest expedition made by a white man in this direction. His investigations, although pursued at so early a period of Arctic exploration, were remarkable for their accuracy; Sir John Franklin more than once expressed his surprise at being able to corroborate their correctness in his own exploration. Some Indian vocabularies are included" (Sabin 43414).
"This is a fascinating account of the descent of the river named after this intrepid explorer, who was the first white man to navigate its length from its source in the Great Slave Lake to its mouth... On the way back he heard reports of the western sea and of another great river, likely the Yukon, and of white traders, who may have been those exploring the coast. His trip from Fort Chipewyan to the Arctic and return lasted about three months and a half. Having resolved to continue exploration to the west, he returned to England to purchase instruments in preparation for the difficult task ahead of him. He left Fort Chipewyan on October 12, 1792. Working his way up the Peace River he finally established winter quarters. In the spring he continued up across the Rocky Mountain Divide, and after many hazardous experiences reached the Pacific Ocean by way of the Bella Coola river. The vast region of the Rocky Mountains and the coastal zone was thus opened up at last and Mackenzie won to the top rank of explorers on the American continent" (Cox Travel II, p.178).
"Not long after his successful expedition to the Pacific, Mackenzie returned to eastern Canada... His accomplishments won him a knighthood... Sir Alexander Mackenzie's 1789 expedition to the Arctic coast of Canada showed that the Rocky Mountains extended farther north than was thought, and cast severe doubts on the idea of a Northwest Passage west of Hudson Bay. Mackenzie also brought back the first reports of the coal deposits north of Great Slave Lake. Mackenzie's expedition of 1792-3... constituted the first overland journey across North America north of the Rio Grande. His accomplishment was the first recorded transcontinental journey since Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca in 1536. Mackenzie's writings on the voyages came to the attention of Thomas Jefferson and gave impetus to the subsequent overland expedition of Merriwether Lewis and William Clark" (Waldman, p.416); Hill 1063; Holland, p.157; TPL 658.

67. MANDELSLO, Jean-Albert de (1616-1644)
Voyages Celebres & Remarquables, Faits de Perse aux Indes Orientales, par le Sr. Jean-Albert de Mandelslo, Gentilhomme des Ambassadeurs du Duc de Holstein en Moscovie & Perse. Contenant une description nouvelle et très curieuse de l'Indostan, de l'Empire Mogol, des îles et presqu'îles de l'Orient, des royaumes de Siam, du Japon, de la Chine, du Congo, etc. Où on trouve la situation exacte de tous ces pays et états; & ou l'on rapporte asses au long le Naturel, les Moeurs, & les Coutumes de leurs Habitans; leur Gouvernement Politique & Ecclesiastique; les Raretez qui se rencontrent dans ces P...
[The Voyages and Travels of J. Albert Mandelslo into the East-Indies.., Containing a Particular Description of The Great Mogul's Empire, the Kingdoms of Decan, Calicuth, Cochim, Zeilon, Coromandel, Pegu, Siam, Cambodia, Malacca, Sumatra, Java, Amboina, Banda, the Moluccas, Philippine and Other Islands, Japan, the Great Kingdom of China, the Cape of Good Hope, Madagascar, &c.].

Amsterdam: Michel Charles Le Cene, 1727. Expanded and Best Edition. Small Folio. [xxviii], (1-439, 440-808 columns), [72] pp. With additional copper engraved title (dated 1719), title-page to part 2, arms on dedication, portrait, and 44 engraved maps, plans and views (of which 29 are double-page), including large folding view of Jedo (Tokyo). Period style brown gilt tooled treed full sheep with a red gilt label. A very good copy.
"Mandelslo was a friend of Olearius and a former page to the Duke of Holstein, who sent in 1633 an Embassy to the Persians to negotiate trade. The ambassadors remained in Persia but Mandelslo having obtained permission to proceed to India, sailed from Ormuz in 1638 and landed at Surat, whence he journeyed on to Agra, Goa, and Ceylon, coming back home by way of the sea route. His letters were edited by Olearius and published in 1647 as a supplement to the latter's own description of the East. His account gives a vivid picture of the luxury, vice, cruelty, and utter disregard of life obtaining under the despotic tyrannies of the Mogul empire" (Cox I p.271-2).
"In 1638 Mandelslo, feeling the need for wider travel, obtained permission to travel on to India. Sailing from Hormuz, he landed at Surat in April 1638 then travelled through Gujarat to Agra, Lahore, Goa, Bijapur and Malabar. He sailed for England from Surat in January 1639, calling at Ceylon and Madagascar, but was to die of smallpox five years later. Before his death. Mandelslo had entrusted his rough notes to Olearius, who subsequently published them bound with his numerous official accounts of the embassy" (Howgego M38). "The author visited the Cape on his return voyage in 1639. He gives some information respecting the Hottentots" (Mendelssohn I, p. 973).
"Johann Albrecht von Mandelslo was page to the Duke of Holstein-Gotthorp and travelled with Adam Oelschlager, or Olearius, as part of the Duke's embassy to the Tsar of Russia and the Shah of Persia, with the purpose of initiating trade relations with Russia, Tartary and Persia. Mandelslo left the embassy in Persia and continued on to Surat, Goa, and Agra in India. He also visited Mauritius and Ceylon and, on his way home in 1639, spent time at the Cape of Good Hope. His narrative contains substantial information on the Far East which, in fact, he did not himself visit. His letters, which were published after his death, were edited by Olearius and, especially in earlier editions, are often found bound with Olearius' own Voyages and Travels. Following the first edition of 1647, Olearius added more information to subsequent editions, and still more was added to Wiqueforts translations from the German, giving us vivid descriptions of China, Formosa and Japan. The plates include views and plans of London, Amsterdam, Brussels, Antwerp, Cape Town, Goa, Surat, Jedo (Tokyo), St. Helena, Mauritius, Madagascar, the Canary Islands, Java, Congo and elsewhere" (Sotheby's).

68. MANUZIO, Antonio, editor (1511-1559)
[BARBARO, Giosafat (1413-1494); CONTARINI, Ambrogio (? -1499); RONCINOTTO, Luigi; RAMBERTI, Beneditto]
Viaggi Fatti Da Vinetia, Alla Tana, In Persia, In India, Et In Constantinopoli: con la Descrittione Particolare di Citta, Luoghi, siti, Costumi, & della PORTA del gran TURCO : & modo di gouerno suo, & della ultima Impresa contra Porgoghesi. [Facts about Travels from Venice to Tanais, Persia, India and Constantinople: with a Description of Particular Cities, Places, Sites, Costumes and of Great Porta of Turks; and of the Last Company against Portuguese].

Venice: Aldus, 1545. Second Edition. Small Octavo. 163 numbered leaves. Engraved emblem of the Aldine’s press on title page. Text printed in italic types; empty spaces with guide letters left for manuscript initials, as usual for these small Aldines. Elaborate 16th century style brown full calf with gilt decorated borders; gilt lettered and decorated spine with raised bands. Bound without the last colophon leaf found in some copies, otherwise a very good copy with interesting old brown ink marginalia in text.
Venetian Renaissance Travellers to Persia, Muscovy, Africa and India.
Important collection of seven travels, executed by Venetian emissaries and merchants to Persia, Muscovy, Africa and India in 15th and 16th centuries. It is one of very few travel books to be published by the Aldine Press. This second edition was published two years after the first, and is "hardly more common than the previous, although a much better printed" (Renouard 134, 18).
The book contains highly significant first publications of accounts of Giosafat Barbaro’s two voyages to Genoese colony Tana on the Sea of Azov in 1436 and to Persia in 1471. Barbaro was a Venetian diplomat, merchant, explorer and travel writer. His accounts contain precious information about Persia, Georgia, Crimea, Russia and Poland, much of which is not found in any other sources.
Also important is the description of Ambrogio Contarini’s voyage to Persia in 1473-77. He was a Venetian diplomat and traveler who was sent to Uzun Hasan, the ruler of Western Iran (Persia), with a proposal to start a war against Turkey in alliance with Venice. Contarini visited Austria, Poland, Ukraine and the Crimea, and finally came to Isfahan in 1475, where he met Giosafat Barbaro, who had been sent there a year before. On his return trip Contarini visited Moscow (September 1475 to January 1476), where he was received by Tsar Ivan III Vasil’evich. Contarini’s account contains valuable information on Persia, Russia, the Ukraine, Poland, Georgia, Azerbaijan, the Crimea, and the Astrakhan Khanate. Both Barbaro’s and Contarini’s works were also included in Giovanne Baptista Ramusio's "Navigationi e viaggi" (vol. 2, Venice, 1559).
There are also two accounts of Luigi Roncinotto’s (named Aloigi de Giovanni) travels to Calcutta through Egypt, Ethiopia, Arabian Desert and Persia 1529-1532. Roncinotto went as far as Sumatra and mentioned, that in 1532 he left Lisbon on carvel of messer Andrea Colombo, "a grandson of courageous and honorable Captain Christopher Columbus, the first inventor of navigation to West Indies".
The book also includes the relation of Benedetto Ramberti’s travel to Constantinople in 1533-34 (it already had been published by Aldine Press in 1539) which describes the Ottoman Empire under the rule of Suleyman the Magnificent (1520-1566), Constantinople and its district Pera (modern Galata) which was a colony of the Republic of Genoa between 1273 and 1453.
There’s also an Anonymous account describing the Siege of the Portuguese fort Diu (on the north-western coast of India) held in 1538 by the Ottoman governor of Egypt Suleyman Pasha. Ottoman troops were joined by several Venetian galleys under command of noble Antonio Barbarigo. The Venetians were their unwillingly as their galleys had been captured by the Turks in Alexandria in 1537 after the war between Venice and the Porta had started the same year. Antonio Barbarigo stayed in captivity until 1541, and maybe, his courage and the obstacles he had to overcome were the reason why "Viaggi Fatti" was dedicated to him (see below). The anonymous Venetian author who took part in the campaign (as some note, a boatswain), describes the events in a form of diary, day by day, and adds interesting observations on Indian customs, manners and costumes (Filippo, P. Biografia del viaggiatori Italiani, Roma, 1882; Kerr, R. A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels in 18 vols. Vol. 4. 1824; ).
"Viaggi Fatti" was compiled by Antonio Manutius, a son of Aldus Manutius. The book is supplemented with his Preface, dedicated to "magnifico messer Antonio Barbarigo". One of the purposes of the collection was to glorify Venetian enterprise; another was "to give Venetians trustworthy (i.e. Written by compatriots) news of Portuguese activities in the East" (Lach 1, pp. 180-181, quoted after Sotheby’s).
Our copy contains interesting period marginalia generally concerning the Persian parts of the text. It underlines the high interest of a reader in Persia, perhaps proving that "these early communications between Venetians and Persia, although made for political purposes, is an event in travel history and that of civilization" (Hoefer XI, 646); Atabey 761 (first edition); Blackmer Sale 209.

69. MARTYR, Peter (1457-1526)
[Account of the Discovery and Conquest of the New World]. De Rebus Oceanicis et Novo Orbe: Decades tres, Petri Martyris ab Angleria Mediolanensis. Item eiusdem, de Babylonica sua legatione, Libri III. Et item de Rebus Aethiopicis, Indicis, Lusitanicis & Hispanicis, opuscula queda Historica doctissima, quae hodie non facile alibi reperiuntur, Damiani. A Goes Equitis Lusitani. Quae omnia sequens pagina latius demonstrat. Cum duplici locupletissimo Indice.

Cologne: Gervinus Calenius & Heirs of Quentel, 1574. Early Edition. Small Octavo. [xlviii], 655, [28] pp. 18th century brown gilt tooled marbled papered boards. Covers with wear and text with some scattered mild water staining of the bottom margin, otherwise a very good copy.
"An early edition of Peter Martyr's important account of the discovery and conquest of the New World, assembled in part through personal correspondence with Columbus, Cabot, Vespucci, Magellan, Vasco de Gama, and Cortes. He wrote eight "decades," of which the present work contains the first three, covering the years 1492 to 1516. It also contains the section De insulis nuper inventis relating Cortes' expedition to Mexico, and De babylonica legatione covering the author's own diplomatic mission to Egypt in 1501-2. In 1520 Martyr was given the new post of chronicler to the Council of the Indies by Emperor Charles V, charged with describing the explorations to the New World. By 1530 the first edition of the full eight decades was published in Alcala" (Bonhams); Borba de Moraes II, 532; Howgego M65; Sabin 1558.
"An early authoritative history of the discovery and conquest of the New World, containing the first account of Balboa's sighting of the Pacific Ocean, as well as the earliest account of Cabot's discoveries along the northeast coast of America (Decade III, Book 6). Anghiera was the first writer to emphasize the importance of his countryman Columbus and his discovery. As an Italian scholar, living in Spain from 1487, he was a friend and contemporary of Columbus, Cabot, Vespucci, Magellan, Vasco de Gama, and Cortes. Through personal correspondence with the navigators, and from the examination of documents to which he had access as an official of the Council for the Indies, he was able to record the events surrounding the discovery of the New World. The first edition of the first "decade" was published in 1511. Two more decades were added in 1516 and the first complete edition of eight decades appeared in 1530. The work was translated into English in 1555, and used by Hakluyt, who himself produced in Paris (1587) an edition of the complete work. The present edition contains the first three decades, covering the years 1492 to 1516, together with the De insulis nuper inventis relating Cortes' expedition to Mexico, and the three books of the De Babylonica Legatione, describing Anghiera's diplomatic mission to Egypt in 1501-1502. Also included are miscellaneous writings by Damiaeo de Goes, Portuguese historian and statesman, among them a description of Lapland and an account of the religion and customs of the Ethiopians" (Sotheby's).

Breve Relazione del Viaggio nel Regno di Congo Nell' Africa Meridionale. [Brief Relation of Travels in the Kingdom of Congo in Southern Africa].

Napoli: Per Francesco Mollo, 1692. First Edition. Small Octavo. [xxiv], 466, [39] pp. With an engraved frontispiece and twenty other engraved plates. Beautiful period Italian style crimson very elaborately gilt tooled full morocco with a black gilt label. Several expertly removed library stamps, otherwise a very good copy.
Extremely Rare Work as no copies of this first edition found in Worldcat. Girolamo Merolla was "a Capuchin from Sorrento who went to Africa in 1682. Between 1684 and 1688 Merolla worked largely in the region of Songo, about 150 miles northeast of Luanda. His Viaggio del Regno di Congo provides an interesting picture of life in seventeenth-century Angola and is often cited for its anecdotal observations. He was possibly to note the use of drums for military signalling. During a confrontation with an English slaver who was attempting to trade under the pretext that the Duke of York, the president of the Royal African Company, was a Catholic, Merolla infuriated the captain by suggesting that he would send a complaint about the behaviour of the English to his countrywoman Mary of Modena, Duchess of York. Apparently the King of the Congo did trade privately with the English, behind the back of the Capuchins"(Howgego M151). The author, who "comments upon the influence of the Portuguese in the Congo, describes in detail the life of the people and the natural resources of the region.., his narrative contains some interesting pictures of the life there and presents a good account of the superstitions of the natives" (Cox I, p373).
"The Capuchins generally had three or four missionaries in the whole of Kongo, occasionally they had as many as ten, never enough to truly take over the instruction of the people or educate more than an elite of political actors and their own staff. The Capuchins generally constructed hospices near political centers, such as São Salvador, Mbamba, and Soyo or in territory relatively far from the political centers such as the hospice at Nsuku in the north of the country. There they and their staff of freed slaves (nleke) who carried them on their annual rounds of the countryside. While travelling they stopped at centrally located villages for a few days while people from neighboring settlements came in, and then they performed the sacraments, especially baptism, to thousands. It was not uncommon for a long serving missionary to record tens of thousands of baptisms in their reports, and many fewer marriages and communions" (Wikipedia).

71. MINAEV, Ivan Pavlovich (1840-1890)
Ocherki Tseilona i Indii: Iz Putevikh Zametok Russkogo. [Essays on Ceylon and India: From the Travel Notes of a Russian].

Saint Petersburg: L.F. Panteleev, 1878. First and Only Edition. Small Octavo, 2vols. [4], v, 285; [4], ii, 239, [2 - catalogue] pp. Period style green quarter morocco with green cloth boards, with gilt lettered spines, custom made green slip case. Later owner’s inscriptions on the title pages, half titles and in the end of the text, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare interesting account on Northern India, Nepal and Ceylon. A very rare work as no copy found in Worldcat.
Ivan Pavlovich Minaev was a prominent Russian specialist in Indian culture and moreover the founder of Russian scientific school of Indian studies. He worked as a professor in the Sanskrit department of the Eastern Faculty of Saint Petersburg University (from 1873), and was a member of Russian Geographical Society (from 1871). Minaev went on three travels to India, Ceylon, Burma and Nepal: in 1874-75, 1880 and 1885-86, during which he collected a great deal of Sanskrit and Pali manuscripts. His main interest was Buddhism, and its philosophy; he translated and published several important pieces of Buddhist literature. He also was highly interested in the current state of India at the time.
The present work is the first and only edition of his account of his first travel to India. Minaev spent two years there(1874-75) and went to most parts of Ceylon, Nepal, and northern India from Calcutta to Lahore, including the provinces of Bihar, Punjab and Rajputana (modern Rajastan). The trip was supported by the Russian Geographical society which provided Minaev with the necessary letters of introduction to the Indian officials and public figures. His main goal was to study Buddhism and Indo-Muslim relations which determined the route of the trip and content of his notes. It is no coincidence that Minaev chose to follow Carlyle’s words as an epigraph to his account: "It is well said, in every sense, that a man’s religion is the chief fact with regard to him."
"Ocherki" contains an interesting description of Ceylon, as the author went to some of its furthermost parts, and the current decline of the island is described, in comparison to the "glorious past of Ceylon." He also describes Nepal, including Kathmandu, as well as India’s population, their occupation, especially agriculture, forms of land possessions, manners and customs, entertainments, folklore.
Noteworthy are his remarks of the relations between the Indian colonial administration and the locals: "The one who has seen the English rule in India itself and, not being carried away with wrongly understood patriotism, didn’t close his eyes for all the good which Englishmen done there, that person will of course be far away from the thought of a new foreign hegemony over Indians. It’s not the dreamlike plans of grandiose conquest that should be the stimuli for studies of India in Russia. We need to know the richest English possessions because England in Asia is our neighbour and our rival. The result of our rivalry strongly depends on our knowledge of British rule at home and over its oversee colonies; the better, more comprehensively and objectively we’ll estimate everything that has been done by England, the closer will be our success" (p. iv). In the Preface Minaev underlined, that the "comprehensive studying of ancient and modern India is one of the urgent necessities for Russia" (p. Ii).
Russian Historic Encyclopaedia, Russian Brokhaus dictionary on-line, Great Soviet Encyclopaedia.

72. MONTANUS, Arnoldus (1625-1683)
Ambassades Mémorables de la Compagnie des Indes Orientales des Provinces Unies vers les Empereurs du Japon. [Memorable Embassies of East India Company of the United Provinces to the Emperor of Japan].

Amsterdam: Jacob de Meurs, 1680. First French Edition. Folio. [vi], 227, [8], 146, [6] pp. Title in red and black with integral engraved vignette. Engraved additional title, 26 engraved maps and plates (1 folding map, 4 folding plates, 21 double-page plates), 70 engraved illustrations, occasional engraved initials and head-pieces. Period full vellum hand written title on spine in ink. Plates with some minor repaired tears, otherwise a very good copy.
This work "is a rich compilation of descriptions of emissaries of the Dutch East India Company and their encounters with natives and Portuguese, devoted strictly to Japan, its land and its people" (Christies). "It remains one of the most important works on Japan published in the seventeenth century, and includes fine town views of Edo (Tokyo), Osaka and the Dutch trading settlement Deshima" (Sothebys).
This detailed, highly illustrated monumental work on Japan was compiled by the Dutch minister Arnold Montanus. He based his work on journals from the Dutch East India Company Embassy of 1649 which had pretended to be "an official embassy from the Dutch government rather than from the VOC" (Lach: Asia in the Making of Europe p.1876) and "the description of Henry Indyk's Embassy to Edo in March 1661, [which] is unusually rich in details" (Lach p.1881).
"During this period of isolation (Sakoku) that began in 1635.., the shogunate placed foreigners under progressively tighter restrictions. It monopolized foreign policy and expelled traders, missionaries, and foreigners with the exception of the Dutch and Chinese merchants who were restricted to the man-made island of Dejima in Nagasaki Bay and several small trading outposts outside the country" (Wikipedia). "The plates to this work represent a high-water mark in book illustrations of the 17th century" (Cox I p.325); Cordier Japonica 385; Howgego E4; Landwehr VOC 525.

73. MONTULE, Edouard de (1792-?)
[Atlas Volume] Voyage en Angleterre et en Russie, pendant les annees 1821, 1822 et 1823. [Voyage to England and Russia in the Years 1821, 1822 and 1823].

Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1825. First Edition. Folio. [iv] pp. With a lithographed title page and twenty-eight other lithographed plates. Period red gilt tooled quarter sheep with patterned papered boards. Ink inscription on the rear free fly leaf made by the owner ‘Marestan, lieutenant d’artillerie’. A very good copy.
Atlas only of the first edition of Montulé’s travels across Western and Central Europe (was issued with two text volumes).
The plates include street views of London, Westminster, Greenwich, Windsor, Edinburgh, Amsterdam, Krakow and Vienna. Natural wonders are represented with the impressive scenery of the Hebrides Archipelago, Giants’ Causeway in Ireland, druid’s monuments in England, and two plates of the interior of the Wieliczka Salt Mine (southern Poland) including a view of the chapel entirely curved out of the rock salt. The ten plates dedicated to Russia show the Red Square in Moscow with the St. Basil’s Cathedral, several views of the Kremlin, Petrovsky Palace in Moscow, a convent and a village; a nice panorama of Moscow taken from the road to Kaluga, a building of the Old Stock Exchange in Saint Petersburg, and a view of Smolensk.
Édouard de Montulé was a Knight of the Legion of Honour, also known for his earlier travel to America, Italy and Egypt in 1816-1819 which is resulted in his book "Voyage en Amérique, en Italie, en Siciel et en Égypte, pendant les années 1816, 1817, 1818 et 1819" (Paris, 1821).

74. MUELLER, G[erhard] P. [Friedrich] (1705-1783)
[Voyages and Discoveries made by the Russians] Voyages et Découvertes faites par les Russes le long des côtes de la Mer Glaciale et sur l'Océan Oriental, tant vers le Japon que vers l'Amerique. On y a joint L’Histoire du fleuve Amur et des pays adjacens, depuis la conquête des Russes. [Voyages and Discoveries made by the Russians along the coast of the Arctic Ocean and the Eastern Ocean, both in Japan and America. With the History of the River Amur and adjacent countries, since the conquest by Russia] / Translated from the German into French by C.G.F. Dumas.

Amsterdam: Marc-Michel Rey, 1766. First French edition. Small Octavo, 2 vols. in one. x, [2] 388; iv, 207 [25 Table des Matieres, Advertisements] pp. With a large folding engraved map. Handsome period full polished mottled calf, spine gilt lettered with red morocco label, edges coloured. A near fine copy.
The first French translation of Müller’s very important description of the Great Northern Expedition to Kamchatka and the Northwest coast of America (1733-43) under the command of Vitus Bering and with a history of Russian discoveries in the Arctic and Pacific oceans made up to 1749. The book was published for the first time in Saint Petersburg in 1758; both a Russian (in ‘Ezhemesiachnie Sochineniia’ magazine, Jan-May, Jul-Nov 1758) and a German (Sammlung Russischer Geschichte, B. III) versions were issued the same year.
The significance of Müller’s work is found in the many first hand reports and manuscript accounts discovered by him in Yakutsk and Irkutsk archives while working there as a member of Bering’s expedition. His publications were the main source of original material for both European and Russian scientific communities. As Sabin notes, it is "indispensable for the history of discovery and exploration in the Northern Pacific." Professor Golder considered Miller’s work "the most important book" about Bering’s expedition and added that "although a lot of ink and paper has been spent to describe Bering’s voyage since then [1758], little has been added to what had been already known to us from Müller’s work" (Golder, Bering’s Voyages, vol. 1. New York, 1922, p. 352-353).
Müller compiled his work as a refutation to a somewhat controversial publication by Nicolas Delisle who had left Russian Academy of Sciences with a scandal in 1747. Delisle account based on intelligence gathered by his brother, Delisle de la Croyère, who was an astronomer of Bering’s expedition 1733-43. Nicolas Delisle’s map "Carte des nouvelles découvertes au nord de la mer du Sud, tant à l’est de la Sibérie et du Kamtschatka," and the text explanation "Explication de la carte des nouvelles découvertes" (both published in Paris, 1752) contained several significant errors and inaccuracies. On special assignment of the President of Russian Academy, Müller made a map entitled "Nouvelle Carte decouvertes faites par des vaisseaux Russiens aux cotes inconnues de l'Amerique Septentrionale avec les Pais Adiacents" which was first published in 1754 (only a few copies printed, Lada-Mocarski) and then in 1758, with significant additions and improvements it was re-issued. The map showed the territory from the Ob river to the Pacific, and "confirmed the existence of a body of water between Asia and America, the subject of much dispute prior to that time; it was the first to give an approximate picture of what is now the Alaskan peninsula" (Lathrop Harper Auctions). This 1758 map was included in the first French edition.
One of the most notable paragraphs of Müller’s work contains the first description of Semen Dezhnev’s expedition through the strait between Asia and America in 1648, which will be later called Bering Strait, thus determining that Dezhnev was the discoverer of the strait. "This fact was forgotten in the following 88 years and would be completely lost if it were not for Müller’s search in the archives of Yakutsk" (Lada-Mocarski, p. 78).
Müller also tried to give a historical proof for Russia’s rights for Bering Strait and the adjacent American territories. The same goal lies behind the second article, which describes the Amur River and all its tributaries. It was compiled in 1740 on the urgent assignment from Russian Empress Anna Ioannovna, who wanted to use it as a basis for establishing the new border with China. Müller notes about Amur’s importance in possible future navigations to Japan, Kamchatka, trade with India and China and very carefully hints at the possibilities of Russian colonial annexations in the Pacific: "our intentions about Japan and the American discoveries will be easier to realise." The article was first published in Russian in 1757 (‘Ezhemesiachnie Sochineniia, Jul-Oct); and in German in Büsching’s Magazin (Bd II).
The book is supplemented with an index of subjects and personal and geographical names, and Rey’s catalogue of books to sale. "This French translation by Charles Guillaume Frédéric Dumas (ca. 1725-1780) is said to be fuller and far superior to the English translation published by Jefferys in 1761"(Hill 1201); Howes M-875; Sabin 51286; Wickersham 6333; Wagner, Cartography, 615; Lada-Mocarski (German & English editions. Only) 15 & 17: Miller, History of Siberia (3 vols., Moscow, 2000-2005).

75. NOORT, Olivier van (1558/1559-1627)
[Description of the Arduous Voyage Around the Globe]. Description du Penible Voyage de fait Entour de l'Univers ou Globe Terrestre par Sr Olivier du Nort d'Utrecht, généralde quatre navires : assavoir de celle dite Mauritius, avec laquelle il est retourné comme Admiral, l'autre de Henry fils de Frédéric Vice-Admiral, la troisiesme dite la Concorde, avec la quatriesme nommé l'Espérance, bien montées d'équipage de guerre & vivres, ayant 248 hommes en icelles, pour traversant le destroict de Magellanes, descouvrir les costes de Cica, Chili & Peru & y trafiquer & puis passant les Molucques & circomnavigant le globe du monde retourner à la patrie : elles singlèrent de Rotterdam le 2 juillet 1598 et l'an 1601 d'aoust y tourna tant seulement la susdite navire Mauritius : où sont déduites ses estranges adventures & pourtrait au vif en diverses figures, plusieurs cas estranges à luy advenuz qu'il y rencontrez & veuz.

Amsterdam: Widow of Cornille Nicolas, 1610. Second French Edition. Small Folio. [2],61,[1] pp. Engraved title page vignette. Twenty-five in-text engravings (including three maps). Handsome period style brown gilt tooled full calf with a red gilt morocco label. Some leaves with very mild staining, otherwise a very good copy.
This second French edition (first French edition published in 1602) describes the fourth circumnavigation of the globe after Magellan, Drake, and Cavendish.
"Van Noort was the first Dutch navigator to sail round the world, and the fourth in all. He started from Goree (Rotterdam) Sept. 13, 1598, and returned home Aug. 26, 1601. His voyage.., opened up the way to the establishment of the Dutch in the East Indies"(Cox I, p.53). "Originally a tavern-keeper of Rotterdam, Van Noort's voyage was fitted out by a consortium of Dutch merchants with the tacit approval of the government. Leaving Goeree (Rotterdam) on 13.8.98 with four ships, the Maurits, Concord, Hoop and Hendrick Fredericke.., The fleet followed the African coast to Guinea before crossing the Atlantic to the coast of South America.., landfall was made on the southern coast of Brazil.., Following the coast of South America, and after noting the presence of the Patagonian 'giants' at Port Desire, Van Noort.., entered the Strait of Magellan.., [Van Noort then proceeded up the western coast of South America as far as California and then crossed the Pacific via the Marianas, Philippines and Borneo].., After trading at Brunei and Ternate, where he acquired a cargo of Cloves, Van Noort continued through the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra. Sailing directly across the Indian Ocean and rounding the Cape of Good Hope, he returned to Holland on 26.08.01, penniless and with only one battered ship and eight crew left (although some accounts suggest that forty-five crew survived). His voyage.., had some effect in opening the way to the establishment of the Dutch in the East Indies.., Van Noort's achievement, however, captured the imagination of his countrymen, and the published accounts sold well, the first appearing only eighteen days after his return. A more complete edition appeared later that year, followed by two amended editions in 1602" (Howgego N37).
Noort "attempted to enter Guanabara Bay in Rio but was repulsed by the Portuguese. He managed however, to obtain provisions for his ship" (Borba de Moraes II, p.617); European Americana 610/79; Sabin 55438.

76. OLEARIUS, Adam (1603-1671)
Voyages Très-Curieux & Très-Renommez Faits en Moscovie, Tartarie et Perse ... Dans lesquels ont trouve une description durieuse & la situation exacte des pays & etats, par où il a passé, tels que sont la Livonie, la Moscovie, la Tartarie, la Medie, & la Perse; et où il est parlé du naturel, des manieres de vivre, des maeurs, & des coutumes de leurs habitans; du gouvernement politique & ecclesiastique, des raretz qui se trouvent dans ce pays; & des ceremonies qui s'y observent.
[The Voyages & Travels of the Ambassadors from the Duke of Holstein, to the Great Duke of Muscovy, and the King of Persia... Containing a Compleat History of Muscovy, Tartary, Persia, and Other Adjacent Countries...].

Amsterdam: Michel Charles Le Cene, 1727. Best Expanded French Edition. Small Folio. [xxxvi], (1-560, 561-1108 columns), [20], [2], [1] pp. With 32 engraved plates and 10 maps, most double-page or folding and 59 vignettes. Handsome period dark brown elaborately gilt tooled half sheep with speckled paper boards. A very good copy.
Important account of the first German trading mission to Persia - an embassy to Moscow sent out by Duke Frederick III of Schleswig-Holstein in 1633-39, and its consequent travel to Persia in 1635-39. The aim of the embassy was to find the northern silk route via Moscow to Western Europe and to set up trade with Persia. The author, renowned German mathematician and orientalist Adam Olearius (Ölschläger), gives a comprehensive account of Russia and Persia. Being the secretary of the embassy, he described the geography and history of the countries, cities and their inhabitants, manners and customs. Olearius spoke Russian and Persian, what helped him to accurately describe XVIIth century Russian life. He had an acute and observant mind and described Russians objectively, not trying to blacken them as did previous European travellers. The account was richly illustrated with engravings, made after Olearius original sketches.
"Olearius reported on the myriad of flora, fauna, and people groups and mapped the entire Volga River" (Carhart The Science of Culture in Enlightenment Germany, p. 29). "The work is of importance cartographically (especially for its map of the river Volga), and contains moreover many valuable magnetic and orographical observations" (Cox I, p. 248-9).
Impressed by Olearius’s scholarship, the Russian tsar several times offered him to serve at the Russian court. But Olearius refused as he heard that it had been rumoured in Moscow markets that he was a practitioner of black magic.
Russian Brokhaus Encyclopaedia; Russian Biographic Dictionary/ed. Polovtsov; Great Russian Encyclopaedia; Catalogue of Russian National Library; Howgego M38.

77. OWEN, Captain W[illiam] F[itzwilliam] W[entworth] (1774-1857)
Narrative of Voyages to Explore the Shores of Africa, Arabia, and Madagascar; Performed in H. M. Ships Leven and Barracouta, Under the Direction of Captain W. F. W. Owen, R.N. By Command of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty.

London: Richard Bentley, 1833. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xxiii, 434; viii, 420 pp. With five lithographed plates, four large folding engraved charts and five wood-engraved illustrations in text. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with brown patterned cloth boards and brown gilt morocco labels. Plates mildly foxed, otherwise a very good set.
"In 1822 [Owen] was appointed by the Admiralty to command an expedition to survey the coast of East Africa. Remarkably, because no particular European nation had until that time felt a necessity for accurate charts, none existed. The survey team, with their flagship HMS Leven and support vessel Barracouta, started out in January 1822 and worked their way eastwards from Cape Town, then along the coast of Mozambique and the western coast of Madagascar.., Owen's charts remained in use for nearly a century and his remarks were still being reproduced in the Africa Pilot as late as 1893" (Howgego 1800-1850, O11). This voyage "is chiefly known for [its] highly accurate surveys, many of which formed the basis of the charts that were used well into the twentieth century" (Christies).
"Owen was appointed in 1821 to the sloop Leven, in which, with the brig Barracouta also under his command, he was instructed to survey the east coast of Africa from the boundary of Cape Colony to Cape Gardafui. The squadron arrived at Simonstown in July 1822, and returned there from their last surveying season in September 1825, having surveyed some 20,000 miles of coast, depicted in almost 300 charts" (Oxford DNB). "The journals of Captain Owen and his officers.., contain a large amount of varied information respecting many portions of Africa in the first quarter of the nineteenth century" (Mendelssohn II, p. 133); NMMC 221.


78. PALLAS, Peter Simon (1741-1810)
Voyages de M.P.S. Pallas en Differentes Provinces de L'Empire de Russie, Et Dans L'Asie Septentrionale; Traduits de L'Allemand, Par M. Gauthier de la Peyronie, Commis des Affaires Etrangeres. [Travels of P.S. Pallas in different Provinces of the Russian Empire, and in Northern Asia, Translated from the German, By Mr. Gauthier de la Peyronie, Commisioner of Foreign Affairs].

Paris: Maradan, 1789-93. First French Edition. Quarto 5 vols. & Small Folio Atlas. xxxii, 773, [3]; [iv], 550, [1]; [iv], 491, [1]; [iv], 722, [2]; [iv], 559, [1]; [iv] pp. With a large folding hand-colored copper-engraved map on 2 sheets; 122 copper engravings on 107 sheets, 29 of them folding or double-page. Original pink papered boards, re-backed in style with new printed paper labels. A few leaves with very mild water staining, otherwise a very handsome large uncut set in very original condition.
"In 1767 Pallas received an invitation from Catherine II of Russia to take a position at the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg. From that position he was authorized to lead an expedition into Siberia to observe the transit of Venus. He took seven astronomers and five naturalists with him, and the expedition became primarily oriented toward natural history. The exploration continued from 1768 to 1774, during which time some of the information was prepared for publication. The first volume appeared in 1771, a German edition printed in St. Petersburg, with subsequent volumes issued to 1776. The text is a broad survey of all aspects of natural history, as well as a study of the various peoples of Siberia. The atlas includes a number of maps, plus natural history, costume, and scenery, etc" (PBA Galleries).
"The expedition set out from Moscow on 30.4.68.., The first summer was spent traversing the plains of European Russia, and the winter passed at Simbirsk on the Volga. The next year was spent on the borders of Kalmuk Tartary, when Pallas carefully examined the shores of the Caspian Sea. The transit of Venus on 3.6.69 was observed at Tobolsk. The party then proceeded through Orenburg and passed the next winter (1769-70) at Ufa. In 1770 Pallas crossed the Ural Mountains to Katarinenburg, examining the mines in the neighbourhood. In 1771 the members of the expedition reached the Altai Mountains, from where they travelled to winter at Krasnoyarsk, observing that the mercury froze in their thermometers. They also found a wide distribution of mammoth and rhinoceros fossils in the Siberian Ice. In the following spring (1772) Pallas penetrated as far as Lake Baikal, and followed the caravan route as far as Kiakhta on the Mongolian border. For the next two years the members of the expedition slowly proceeded homewards, on the way visiting Astrakhan and the Caucasus Mountains. Pallas arrived back in St. Petersburg in July 1774 with a vast amount of data and many fossil specimens, but broken in health. His hair was apparently whitened with fatigue, and nearly all of his companions had died" (Howgego P10); Atabey 918.

79. PATERSON, Lieutenant William (1755-1810)
A Narrative of Four Journeys into the Country of the Hottentots, and Caffraria, in the Years 1777, 1778, 1779.

London: J. Johnson, 1790. Second Corrected and Enlarged Edition. Quarto. xii, 175 pp. With a folding map and nineteen copper engraved plates. Handsome period style brown gilt tooled speckled half calf with marbled boards. Some plates very slightly foxed, otherwise a very good copy.
"Mr. Patterson accompanied Colonel Gordon (Commander of the Troops of the Dutch East India Company in South Africa) and Jacob van Reenen in several trips to the interior. He remarked that he does not give a description of the Cape as he would be only repeating what Sparrman and Mason (Masson) had already communicated in their publications. In the course of his travels the author penetrated as far as Namaqualand on the west, and the Great Fish River on the south-east. Although the principal feature of the work is a description of the botanical specimens collected and noted by Mr. Paterson, there are many interesting notes respecting the natives, with a few remarks on the Dutch Colonists" (Mendelssohn II p.143).
"Paterson is credited with having brought to England the first giraffe skin ever seen there. He made four expeditions into the interior from the Cape to the Orange River and Kaffir land, mainly in the interest of natural history. He collected many birds and numerous specimens of plants. In 1789 he was one of the lieutenants who were chosen to recruit and command a corps for the purpose of protecting the new convict colony at Botany Bay. Later he was appointed Governor of New South Wales" (Cox I p.390); "Paterson's journal, one of the first in English to describe the interior of South Africa, was published in 1789" (Howgego P28).

80. PEREYRA, Antonio Pinto (d. 1587)
Historia da India no Tempo em que a Gouernovo Viso Rey Dom Luis de Ataide. [History of India During the Government of Viceroy Don Luis de Ataide].

Coimbra: Nicolau Carvalho, 1616. First Edition. Small Folio. [24], 151, [8] pp.; [6], [2 - blank] pp., 162 leaves, [12] pp. Title within ornamental border and with a large woodcut armorial (printer's?) device; tail-pieces and decorative initials. Very handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep with minor repairs on the spine. A very good copy.
Very Rare first edition of this early history of the Portuguese in India, with only three copies found in Worldcat (Yale University, the University of Leiden and the British Library). "Mui raro" (Salva y Mallen, P. Catalogo de la Biblioteca de Salva. Valencia, 1872. Vol. II, p. 621).
The book consists of two parts, each with an extensive index of names. The work describes the history of the Portuguese viceroyalty in India during the time of the rule of Don Luís de Ataíde, Count of Atouguia (1517-1581), the 10th Vice-Roy of India in 1568-1571, and 1578-1580. It was the time of the height of Portuguese naval power and of the prosperity of its East-Indian Viceroyalty, especially of Goa which became the capital of the Viceroyalty in 1610. "In 1542, St. Francis Xavier mentions the architectural splendour of the city; but it reached the climax of its prosperity between 1575 and 1625. Travellers marvelled at Goa Dourada, or Golden Goa, and there was a Portuguese proverb, "He who has seen Goa need not see Lisbon." <..,> Until the 18th Century, the Portuguese governor in Goa had authority over all Portuguese possessions in the Indian Ocean, from southern Africa to southeast Asia" (Wikipedia).
"Antonio Pinto Pereira, a native of the village of Mogadour, well-versed in the science of Political History, left a work published some years after his death which occurred in 1587" (Pope, E. M. India in Portuguese Literature. 1937. p. 147)

81. PINTO, Fernão Mendes (ca.1509-1583)
Peregrinaçaõ de Fernaõ Mendes Pinto e por elle escritta que consta de muytas, e muyto estranhas cousas, que vio, & ouvio no reyno da China, no da Tartaria, no de Pegú, no de Martavaõ, & em outros muytos reynos, & senhorios das partes orientaes ... E agora novamente correcta, e acrecentada com o Itenerario de Antonio Tenreyro, que da India veyo por terra a este reyno de Portugal, em que se contém a viagem, & jornada que fez no dito caminho, & outras muytas terras, & cidades, onde esteve antes de fazer esta jornada, & os trabalhos que em esta peregrinaçaõ passou no anno de mil & quinhentos…
[The Voyages and Adventures, of Fernand Mendez Pinto, a Portugal: During his Travels for the space of one and twenty years in the Kingdoms of Ethiopia, China, Tartaria, Cauchin-china, Calaminham, Siam, Pegu, Japan, and a great part of the East-Indiaes. With a Relation and Description of most of the Places thereof].

Lisboa: na officina Ferreyrinana, 1725. Expanded & Corrected Portuguese Fourth Edition. Small Folio. [iv], 468 pp. Very handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled full calf. A near fine copy.
Very Rare as only one copy found in Worldcat. This edition with "Breve discurso, em que se conta a conquista do reino de Pegu..,": p. 435-458. This is a translation from the Spanish of Manuel d'Abreu Mousinho on the conquest of Pegu (Burma) in 1600 which is not present in the first and second editions.
Pinto a Portuguese explorer whose "exploits are known through the posthumous publication of his memoir Pilgrimage (Portuguese: Peregrinação) in 1614. In the course of his travels in the Middle and Far East, Pinto visited Ethiopia, the Arabian Sea, China (where he claimed to have been a forced laborer on the Great Wall), India and Japan. He claimed to have been among the first group of Europeans to visit Japan and initiate the Nanban trade period. He also claimed to have introduced the gun there in 1543. It is known that he funded the first Christian church in Japan, after befriending a Catholic missionary and founding member of the Society of Jesus later known as St Francis Xavier" (Wikipedia). Upon returning to Portugal, Pinto wrote "his famous Peregrinacao, now regarded as one of the finest travel books of all time" (Howgego P99). "It is, moreover, a classic record of the experiences and observations of one of the earliest Europeans to penetrate into the interior of oriental countries, which, in that era, were practically unknown. He was the first European to enter Japan (in 1542), seven years before Saint Francis Xavier, the Apostle of the Indies" (Cox I, p. 324).

82. RASSAM, Hormuzd (1826-1910)
Narrative of the British Mission to Theodore, King of Abyssinia, with Notices of the Countries Traversed from Massowah, through the Soodan, the Amhara, and Back to Annesley Bay, from Magdala.

London: John Murray, 1869. Author's Presentation First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xvi, 320, 32; ix, [i], 360, 18 pp. With two wood engraved frontispieces, three other wood engraved plates, two folding, two folding maps and four text wood engravings. Recent maroon gilt tooled half morocco with cloth boards and blue gilt labels. New endpapers, overall a very good set.
With the inscription on the volume II title page:"Presented to Chett: Coll: Library by the Author, Sept. 1872, Rassam?." No library markings.
"Rassam's responsibilities in both southern Arabia and the African coast opposite led to his selection in 1864 for the delicate and dangerous mission, carried out under the aegis of the Foreign Office, of delivering a letter from Queen Victoria to Emperor Theodore of Ethiopia. This was an attempt to secure the release of the British consul, Charles Duncan Cameron, and a number of Europeans, among them Henry Aaron Stern and other missionaries, some with families, who had been working for the London Mission to the Jews. All were held prisoner in the Ethiopian highlands.
Rassam landed at Massawa in the Sudan, which was then under Egyptian rule, on 23 July 1864 and, apart from a short visit to Cairo, remained there for over a year before receiving Theodore's permission to enter Ethiopia. Accompanied by Lieutenant W. F. Prideaux of the Bombay staff corps and Dr Henry Blanc of the Indian Medical Service, Rassam eventually left Massawa in October 1865 on the long and difficult trek to Theodore's camp at Damot, where on 28 January 1866 he delivered the queen's letter to the emperor. At first all seemed to go well; the prisoners were released and allowed to join Rassam, and were ready to leave for the coast with him in April when the unpredictable Theodore had the whole party, including Rassam, arrested. They were taken to the mountain fortress of Magdala where they were put in chains, and where they remained until April 1868 when they were saved by the arrival of Sir Robert Napier and his troops from India. Remarkably, despite incarceration, Rassam remained on relatively good terms with the emperor and was able to communicate via Massawa with Aden.
Rassam reached London on 22 June 1868. His detailed report on his mission to Ethiopia was published in December as a parliamentary paper, together with a letter to him from the foreign secretary, Lord Stanley, expressing the British government's:
high sense of your conduct … you appear throughout to have acted for the best, and your prudence, discretion, and good management seem to have tended greatly to preserve the lives and thus to secure the ultimate release of the captives. (‘Report’)
He was also awarded £5000 as compensation for his four-year ordeal.
Before retiring on an India Office pension at the end of 1869 Rassam took leave, and on 8 June 1869 married Anne Eliza, daughter of Captain S. C. Price, formerly of the 72nd highlanders. He also had his two-volume Narrative of the British Mission to Theodore, King of Abyssinia published" (Oxford DNB); Hess & Coger 853; Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, R5.


83. RENNELL, James (1742-1830)
Map of Bengal and Bahar in VIII Parts [A Bengal Atlas: containing maps of the theatre of war and commerce on that side of Hindostan : compiled from the original surveys, and published by order of the Honourable the Court of Directors for the affairs of the East India Company].

[London]: J. Rennell, [1781]. First Edition. Folio. Copper engraved title page (dated 1779), contents leaf and twenty-one copper engraved folding views and maps. Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and maroon gilt label. Contents leaf and several maps mounted, some maps with repaired chipped edges (some with minor loss of printed surface, several maps with repaired tears, overall a quite heavily restored but good copy.
Rennell's "maps were of the greatest importance.., He was a close friend of Sir Joseph Banks, the eminent naturalist. Admiral Markham remarks of him that he was the greatest geographer that Great Britain has yet produced" (Cox I, p302). "In 1764 Rennell was appointed Surveyor-general for Bengal, and supervised much of the early mapping of eastern India, work which culminated in the publication in 1780 of his famous Bengal Atlas. He left India in 1777 and after returning to London devoted himself to the study of geography" (Howgego R29).
"In England in 1778 Rennell proposed a new set of maps of Bengal to replace the inadequate small-scale maps published by the East India Company from his earlier surveys, and, with the guarantee of a bulk order from the company, had plates engraved to publish A Bengal Atlas first in 1780. The bulk consignment, en route for India for the use of company officials, was captured at sea by French and Spanish ships, and Rennell produced a new enlarged Atlas, with river maps and tables of distances, in 1781. A Bengal Atlas remained the standard administrative map of Bengal for almost fifty years, the river maps being pirated in Calcutta in 1825, and the last recorded London reprint appearing in 1829 or 1830" (Oxford DNB).

Voyage commercial et politique aux Indes Orientales, aux iles Philippines, a la Chine, avec des notions sur la Cochinchine et le Tonquin, pendant les années 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806 et 1807, contenant des observations et des renseignements, tant sur les productions territoriales et industrielles que sur le commerce de ces pays; des tableaux d'importations et d'exportations du commerce d'Europe en Chine, depuis 1804 jusqu'en 1807; des remarques sur les moeurs, les coutumes, le gouvernement, les lois, les idiômes, les religions, etc.; un apperçu des moyens à employer pour affranchir ces contrée. [Commercial and Political Voyage to the East Indies, Philippine Islands, China, and Cochin China and Tonquin, during the years 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806 and 1807..,].

Paris: Crapelet for Clament frères, 1810. First Edition. Octavo, 3 vols. x, 301; [iv], 390; [iv], 291, [1] pp. With two engraved hand colored folding maps and four folding tables. Period brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with orange gilt labels and marbled boards housed in a matching slip case. A very good set.
Sainte-Croix was a French officer, responsible for the defence of the Philippines. Renouard de Sainte-Croix arrived in Pondicherry, India, in 1802 and was almost immediately imprisoned by the English. After he was liberated, he stayed for two more years in India and went amongst others to the coasts of Coromandel and Malabar. He then travelled to the Philippines where he visited Manila, and the gold mines of Mabulao. Cordier Indosinica, 2425; Howgego 1800-1850, D12; Lust 384.

85. REUILLY, Jean, Baron de (1780-1810)
Voyage en Crimee et sur les Bords de la Mer Noire, Pendant l'Annee 1803. [Travels in the Crimea, and Along the Shores of the Black Sea, Performed During the Year 1803];
[With]: Idem. Description du Tibet, d’après la Relation des Lamas Tangoutes, établis Parmi les Mongoles. Traduit de l’Allemand. [Description of Tibet, According to the Accounts of the Tangut Lamas, Established Among the Mongols. Translated from German].

Paris: Chez Bossange, Masson et Besson, 1806-1808. First Editions. Octavo. [8], xix, 302, [1]; xii, 89 pp. First work with a large folding engraved map of Crimea, folding plan of Sevastopol, 3 folding plates of coins, 3 folding letterpress tables, 6 engraved vignettes in the text, and errata leaf at end. Second work with an engraved vignette on the title page. Handsome period brown mottled full calf with gilt tooled spine. Presentation school prize label from a French school of 1830 on the front pastedown. Binding slightly rubbed at extremities, otherwise a very good copy.
The second work is the only separate printing of Peter Simon Pallas’s description of Tibet. The original work was first published in German as a part of Pallas’s Sammlungen historischer Nachrichten über die Mongolischen Völkerschaften (1776); and wasn’t included into later French editions. In this description of Tibet by Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811), translated by Baron Jean de Reuilly (1780-1810), Pp. 1-54 are devoted to the description of Tibet according to accounts of Tibetan Lamas established among the Mongols; the second part of the work is dedicated to a report of the celebrations and ceremonies during the period from 22 June until 12 July 1729, in the small village Ourga, to celebrate the rebirth of Koutoukhta, one of the most distinguished priests of Mongolia.
The only separate printing of Pallas' journey to Tibet on his first voyage through the Russian Empire and Northern Asia 1768-1769, translated from Vol. I and III of the first edition, in German, published in 3 vols. In St. Petersburg 1771-76 ["Reisen durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reichs"]. The text was not included in the first or second French editions of that work. Reuilly's introduction notes Pallas travelled "some years in Tibet and Kashmir, and English possessions in India" and confirms that this portion of Pallas's travels through the Russian Empire was not included in the French edition of Pallas's work. This separate printing is extensively annotated with Reuilly's comments on Tibet, including the missions of Bogle and Stewart, Georgi, and Andrade's account of 1795 on Bogle, Turner and Pourunguir, and on Tibet-Britain-China relations, and his own observations along with those of other writers on Tibet. He further discusses the route of the Anadyr River and Mongolia-Tibet relations. Cordier, Sinica, 2879; Lust 207; Yakushi R93.
The first work is Reuilly’s account on his travels in southern Russia and Crimea as an attaché to the Duc de Richelieu, Governor of Odessa. He was assisted during his travels by the German traveller Pallas, whose notes greatly enhance this book's worth and importance. "Dedicated to Napoleon.., In this important work Reuilly describes the Crimea prior to the Russian conquest. Pallas, resident in the Crimea until 1810, also contributed to the work" (Atabey 1034); Weber I, 10; "In 1774, the Crimean Khans fell under Russian influence with the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca. In 1783, the entire Crimea was annexed by the Russian Empire" (Wikipedia).

86. ROBOROVSKY, Vsevolod Ivanovich (1856-1910)
& KOZLOV, Petr Kuzmich (1863-1935)
[TIAN SHAN AND NAN-SHAN MOUNTAINS] Trudy Ekspeditsii Imperatorskogo Russkogo georgaficheskogo obschestva po Tsentralnoi Azii, sovershennoi v 1893-1895 gg. Pod nachalstvom V.I. Roborovskogo [Proceedings of the Expedition of the Russian Geographical Society to Central Asia, Executed in 1893-95 under command of V. Roborovsky].
Part 1. Otchet nachalnika Ekspeditsii V.I. Roborovskogo… [The report of the expedition head V.I. Roborovsky].
1900-1901. In three parts. [8], xvi, 220, [4], 221-388, [6], 389-610, [4] pp.
Part 2. Otchet pomoschnika nachalnika ekspeditsii P.K. Kozlova… [The report of the assistant of the expedition head P.K. Kozlov].
1899. [2], viii, 296 pp.
Saint Petersburg: Imperial Russian Geographical Society, 1899-1900. First Edition. Folio, 2 vols. With thirty-six photogravure plates, two folding maps in text and seven large folding maps in the pocket at end of vol. 2. Period style brown quarter morocco with gilt lettered spines and a custom made cloth pocket for the folding maps at end of the second volume. Original publisher’s wrapper for the set of maps mounted on the cloth pocket. A very good set.
The first and only official account of the expedition to Central Asia by the eminent Russian explorer and scientist Vsevolod Roborovsky. He accompanied the famous Russian explorer of Central Asia Nikolai Przhevalsky (1839-1888) during two of his expeditions in 1879-81 and 1883-85 as a zoologist and botanist, which resulted in the unique ‘Central Asian’ herbarium. In 1888 Roborovsky joined Przhevalsky in his last expedition to Tibet; and after Przhevalsky's death, Roborovsky executed five independent treks across the Tibetan plateau on assignment of the new head of the expedition Mikhail Pevtsov (1843-1902). For this extensive topographical survey he was awarded with the large silver medal of the Russian Geographical Society named after Nikolai Przhevalsky.
Roborovsky became the leader of the new expedition to Central Asia in 1893-95. It was organized by the Russian Geographical Society with the goal of surveying the Eastern Tian Shan and Nanshan (Quilian) Mountains, Northern Tibet and the Desert of Hami. The expedition established a meteorological station in the Lukchun hollow, made a laborious journey to Nanshan through the Hami desert, explored Northern Tibet and the Amne Machin range (Kunlun Mountains), and returned to Russia through Turpan, Dzungaria and Zaisan. The expedition had to be terminated prematurely as Roborovsky became paralyzed, but nevertheless it resulted in the survey of over 16,000 verst of territory, over 400 altitude measurements, meteorological and geological observations, and rich collections of the local flora and fauna. For the achievements of the expedition Roborovsky received the highest award of the Russian Geographical society - the large Constantine medal.
Our copy contains the complete narrative part of the travel account, the first volume being Roborovsky’s report of the geographical exploration of the Tian Shan, Nanshan, Northern Tibet, Amne Machin range and the travel back through Zaisan. The second volume contains the account of Petr Kozlov’s side journeys and tracks during the expedition including Central Tian Shan, Lake Lop Nur (with some interesting notes on Sven Hedin’s exploration there), Nanshan, eastern Tibetan plateau et al. The text also describes the local flora and fauna in great depth and is supplemented with several plates and two statistical tables showing the distribution of mammals and birds in the surveyed area. The third volume which is not present here, has the results of the meteorological researches conducted by Roborovsky. The edition is supplemented with two Indexes of geographical names and nine large well executed maps of the surveyed areas.

87. ROSS, Sir James Clark (1800-1862)
A Voyage of Discovery and Research in The Southern and Antarctic Regions, During the Years 1839-43.

London: John Murray, 1847. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. [liii], 366; [xi], 447 pp. With eight maps (three folding) and eight tinted lithographed plates (including a folding panorama). Period style blue gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with marbled boards, housed in a matching cloth slip case. Panorama and folding maps with repair, some mild staining of plates, overall a good working copy.
"One of the most important works in the history of Antarctic exploration.., Ross led this expedition for the purpose of Antarctic Discovery and Magnetic surveys, during which he circumnavigated the Antarctic continent, discovered the Ross Sea, Ross Island, the Ross Shelf Ice, Victoria Land, Erebus and Terror Gulf (named after the ships of the expedition), Mount Erebus, and attempted to penetrate the Weddell Sea. The expedition also visited the Crozet Islands, Kerguelen Island, Tasmania, Australia, New Zealand, Campbell Island, and the Falkland Islands" (Hill 1487).
"From 1839 to 1843 Ross was in the Antarctic, making geographical and magnetic observations. He discovered Victoria Land, McMurdo Sound, Mount Erebus, the Ross ice barrier, and numerous other features. The Ross Sea was later named after him. Although he did not reach the south magnetic pole, much important magnetic observation was carried out and gradually published by Sabine over the next twenty-five years. However, inadequate instruments made his oceanographic findings misleading, and he failed to publish the natural history findings of the voyage. On Ross's death, Joseph Hooker, who was officially assistant surgeon but in practice naturalist to the voyage, found the ruined remains of his (Hooker's) collection from the voyage in Ross's back garden. None the less, Ross was in 1842 awarded the gold medal of the geographical societies of London and Paris, and in 1844 was knighted; and in 1845 he was made an honorary DCL of the University of Oxford" (Oxford DNB); Conrad p.57-8; Headland 806; Howgego 1800-1850, R27; Rosove 276; Spence 993.

88. RUSSEGGER, Joseph von (1802-1863)
[Atlas Volume] Reisen in Europa, Asien und Afrika, mit besonderer Rucksicht auf die naturwissenschaftlichen Verhaltnisse der betreffenden Lander, unternommen in den Jahren 1835 bis 1841. [Travels in Europe, Asia and Africa..,].

Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung, 1842-9. First Edition. Large Folio. Atlas with 56 plates and maps including nineteen double- page maps and profiles (thirteen hand-coloured), twenty-eight lithographed views on fourteen sheets, forty-five plates of natural history subjects on twenty-three sheets. Handsome period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Original front publisher's parts wrappers bound in. Handsomely re-backed in Period style and the first wrapper with some minor expert repair, otherwise a near fine atlas.
In Egypt, Russegger "was appointed by the viceroy to carry out a geological examination of the upper reaches of the Nile; a journey which took him in 1837 to Khartoum and Kordofan. In the following year he ascended the Blue Nile to Fazogl (at the border with Ethiopia) then, returning north, he visited Sinai, Palestine, the Aegean and Greece. His Observations were published in several volumes between 1841 and 1848, and for many years Russegger was regarded as the leading authority on the geography of the Nile" (Howgego 1800-1850, K16).
"Russegger was an Austrian geologist and traveller who became a director of coal mines in Hungary and a leading authority on mining geology. In 1838 he was commissioned by Muhammed Ali Pasha to explore the mineral resources of the Sudan and visited the Jabal Taqali in the Nuba hills and the mountains of Fazughlo in the Blue Nile valley in a prospection for gold. This work is significant for Russegger's contributions covering the Blue Nile valley, Eastern Sudan and Nubia" (Sothebys).

89. RUSSELL, Alexander (1714-1768)
The Natural History of Aleppo, and Parts Adjacent. Containing a Description of the City, and the principal natural productions in its neighbourhood; together with an account of the climate, inhabitants, and diseases; particularly of the plague.

London: G.G. & J. Robinson, 1794. Second Expanded Edition. Quarto, 2 vols. xxiv, 446, xxiii, [i]; vii, 430xxxiv, [xxvi] pp. With twenty engraved plates (many folding), including eight of botanical subjects after G. D. Ehret. Handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and red and green gilt morocco labels. A very good set.
"In 1734 Russell was one of the first members of the Medical Society of Edinburgh University. In 1740 he came to London, and in the same year went to Aleppo as physician to the English factory. He learnt to speak Arabic fluently, and acquired great influence with the pasha and people of all creeds. In 1750 he was joined by his younger brother, Patrick, and in 1753 he resigned, returning to England by way of Naples and Leghorn, in order to supplement his study of the plague at Aleppo by visiting the lazarettos at those places. This work, which has been described as 'one of the most complete pictures of Eastern manners extant" (Pinkerton), Blackmer Sale 969; Cox I, p.227.
In 1740 Russell "went to Aleppo in Syria as physician to the English factory. There, as he wrote in his Natural History of Aleppo (1756), he established an ‘extensive practice among all ranks and degrees of people’. He learned to speak Arabic fluently, and acquired great influence with the pasha. In 1750 he was joined by his younger half-brother Patrick, and in 1753 he resigned, returning to England by way of Naples and Leghorn, in order to supplement his study of the plague at Aleppo by visiting the lazarettos at those places. Russell had sent home to his fellow student and correspondent John Fothergill seeds of the true scammony, which were raised successfully by Peter Collinson and James Gordon of Mile End. Russell published a description of the plant, and the native method of collecting it, in the first volume of Medical Observations, issued in 1755 by the Medical Society of London, which he had helped to found in 1752. He also introduced Arbutus Andrachne.
Russell reached London in February 1755; following encouragement from Fothergill, he published his Natural History of Aleppo the next year. This work, which was described by John Pinkerton as ‘one of the most complete pictures of Eastern manners extant’, was reviewed by Samuel Johnson in the Literary Magazine, and was translated into German. A second edition was published by Patrick Russell in 1794" (Oxford DNB).


90. SALT, Henry (1780-1827)
A Voyage to Abyssinia, and Travels into the Interior of that Country, Executed under the Order of the British Government, in the Years 1809 and 1810; in Which are Included, an Account of the Portuguese Settlements on the East Coast of Africa, Visited in the Course of the Voyage; a Concise Narrative of Late Events in Arabia Felix; and some Particulars Respecting the Aboriginal African Tribes, Extending from Mosambique to the Borders of Egypt; Together with Vocabularies of Their Respective Languages.

London: F.C. & J. Rivington, 1814. First Edition, Large Paper Copy. Folio. [xv], 506, lxxv pp. Twenty-eight engraved plates on twenty-seven leaves, seven engraved maps and charts on six sheets, four folding, one hand-coloured, and two engraved vignettes. Handsome period style brown gilt tooled half calf with a red gilt morocco labels and marbled boards. A couple of plates with very minor repair of blank margins, otherwise a very good copy.
Salt, a friend of Burckhardt, who had been trained as a painter, first visited Egypt when he toured India and North Africa with the Viscount Valentia, George Annesley. He returned to Africa in 1809 on a government mission to establish contact with the King of Abyssinia, which occupied him for 2 years. In 1815 Salt was appointed Consul-General in Egypt, and he reached Alexandria in March 1816. He financed the excavations of Belzoni, Caviglia and d’Athanasi. "In 1809-10 Salt returned to Ethiopia as a quasi-official envoy under Canning's Sponsorship, marching from the Red Sea coast with an escort of 160 bearers to explore trade and diplomatic links with the Ethiopian emperor Wolde Selassie. Britain, fearing a French alliance with Egypt, wished to secure a port on the Red Sea. Salt carried out a little archaeology, discovering at Aksum three large limestone tablets engraved with ancient Ethiopian inscriptions. Little came of the mission for the government but Salt earned over 1000 Pounds for the first edition of this book" (Howgego 1800-1850 S6).
"On 2 March 1809 Salt sailed on a mission from the British government to Abyssinia, to carry presents to the king and report on the state of the country. Owing to factious unrest, he was prevented from going to the king at Gondar and was obliged to deliver the presents instead to the ras of Tigré. While in Abyssinia he made many observations on the geography, the customs of the people, and the flora and fauna. He brought back many specimens, including a previously unknown dik-dik. Another member of Salt's party, William Coffin, chose to remain in Abyssinia when Salt returned to England in 1811. In 1812 Salt became a fellow of the Royal Society and of the Linnean Society, and a correspondent of the Institut de France. In 1812 he was elected one of the very few honorary members of the African Association in acknowledgement of information he had procured in its interest. In 1814 he published A Voyage to Abyssinia, which was received with some acclaim" (Oxford DNB); His account includes a lengthy glossary of local languages. Blackmer 1479; Gay 2683; Hess & Coger 892.

91. SCHERER, Alexander Nicolaus (1772-1824)
Versuch Einer Systematischen Uebersicht der Heilquellen des Russischen Reichs. [Attempt of a Systematic Review of the Mineral Springs of the Russian Empire].

Saint Petersburg: Kayserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1820. First Edition. Octavo. xviii, 338, [2] pp. With eleven folding hand colored maps including one large map of the Russian Empire. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Rebacked in period style using original boards. A near fine copy.
A rare work with only 15 copies found in Worldcat. First edition of this "for Russia meaningful work" (ADB), of the first systematic survey of spas in tsarist Russia. The eleven maps, which were most probably engraved after Julius Klaproth (1783-1835) by Carl Mar show all spas of the Russian Empire, with special maps of lake Baikal, Caucasus, Urals, Siberia, Caspian region and others.
Alexander Nicolaus von Scherer was a Russian chemist of German origin, member of Russian Science Academy since 1815. The author of the first original chemistry textbook, published in Russian ('Rukovodstvo k prepodavaniiu khimii', 1808). Founder and first director of Saint Petersburg Pharmaceutical Society (1818). Actively promoted the progressive 'oxygen' theory of Antoine Lavoisier and significantly contributed in the development of Russian chemistry nomenclature.
He graduated from Jena University in 1794 and worked in Germany for several years. In 1803 returned to Russia and worked as a professor in Dorpat University, later, as a professor of chemistry in Medical Surgery Academy, Mining Cadet Corps and other educational institutions in Saint Petersburg. Also he a member of Copenhagen and Erfurt Science Academies, scientific societies of Berlin, Gottingen, Erfurt, Brussels, Paris, Leipzig and others. Created numerous scientific works regarding chemistry, pharmacology and mineralogy. In 1819-22 published in Saint Petersburg chemist magazine "Allgemeine nordische Annalen der Chemie." Russian Brokhaus Encyclopaedia; Russian Biographic Dictionary/ed. Polovtsov; Catalogue of Russian National library.

92. SEMEDO, Alvaro (1586-1658)
Imperio de la China y cultura evangelica en él, por los Religiosos de la Compañia de Jesus, sacado de las noticias del P. Alvaro Semmedo… [Empire of China and the Christian culture of the Society of Jesus, taken from the accounts of P. Alvaro Semmedo].

Lisbon: Officina Herreriana, 1731. Second Spanish Edition. Small Folio. [xix], 252 pp. Period style dark brown gilt tooled full calf with a red gilt morocco label. A few leaves with minor repair to blank margins, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare work. Semedo was the Portuguese Procurado General for China. This is a general description of Chinese society which describes the foreign missions and the Manchu campaigns. The manuscript was written by Semedo in Goa in 1638 and contains the first description of tea in a European work on China. "Semedo first arrived in China in 1613, and worked there for the next twenty-four years. During this time he was associated with Johann Adam Schall von Bell, whom he joined at Xian in 1628, and was responsible for the first European translation of the engraved pillar commemorating the arrival of the Nestorian Alopen. Sent back to Europe as procurator in Rome for the China mission, he called at Goa, where in 1638 he completed his Relacao da propagacao de fe no regno da China e outras adjacentes, a valuable account of the conditions in China at the end of the Ming dynasty. The Portuguese original of the work eventually reached the hands of the Portuguese historian, Manuel Faria y Sousa, who edited it into an historical form and had it translated into Spanish" (Howgego S81).
"This work gives a long account of China, its various provinces, inhabitants and their manners and customs, Government and Military Art, propagation of the Gospel, and more particularly an account of the labours of the Jesuits there" (Cox. I, p. 323); Cordier Sinica 23-24.
"On 29 March 1608, [Semedo] left for Goa and the Far East aboard Na. Sra. Do Vencimento. He arrived to Macau in 1610, and to Nanjing in 1613. Along with another Jesuit, Alfonso Vagnoni, he was imprisoned during an anti-Christian campaign in Nanjing in 1616, and then sent back to Macau, where he stayed till 1621. As the persecution campaign in the mainland China abated, Fr. Semedo changed his Chinese name from Xie Wulu to Zeng Dezhao and re-entered China, now working in Jiangsu and Jiangnan provinces. He spent most of his term in China in the central and southern provinces; perhaps his only trip north was the one he made to Xi'an in 1625, during which he was the first European to see the recently unearthed Nestorian Stele" (Wikipedia).


93. SEUTTER, [Georg] Matthaeus (1647-1756)
ATLAS MINOR Praecipua Orbis Terrarum Imperia, Regna et Provincias, Germaniæ Potissimum..,

Augsburg, [ca. 1750]. Small Quarto. 68 pp. With a double page hand coloured copper engraved title page and 64 double page hand coloured copper engraved maps. Original publishers' brown flexible full sheep covers, title with decorative border blind stamped on front cover. Extremities with mild wear, leather flap with some cracks, some scattered mild staining on a couple of leaves, otherwise a very good copy in very original condition.
An attractive atlas with very decorative maps. "Most of the maps are reductions from Seutter's Atlas Novus and retain his signature. Some have been redrawn by Seutter's son Albrecht Carl and, in many cases, they have been engraved by his son-in-law Tobias Conrad Lotter. Lotter bought part of Seutter's publishing house in 1762 after the death of Albrecht Carl and, like Probst, continued to publish Seutter's maps" (Christies). The maps include: A world map, Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, and all European Country and many detailed maps of Germany.
"Georg Matthäus Seutter was one of the most important and prolific German map publishers of the 18th century. Seutter started his career as an apprentice brewer. Apparently uninspired by the beer business, Seutter left his apprenticeship and moved to Nuremberg where he apprenticed as an engraver under the tutelage of the prominent J. B. Homann. Sometime in the early 18th century Seutter left Homann to establish his own independent cartographic publishing firm in Augsburg. Though he struggled in the early years of his independence, Seutter’s engraving skill and commitment to diversified map production eventually gained him a substantial following. Most of Seutter’s maps were heavily based upon, if not copies of, earlier work done by the Homann and Delisle firms. By 1732 Seutter was one of the most prolific publishers of his time and was honored by the German Emperor Charles VI with the title of "Imperial Geographer." Seutter continued to publish until his death, at the height of his career, in 1757.
The Seutter firm continued under Seutter’s wastrel son Albrecht Carl until his death in 1762. Following Albrecht’s death, the firm was divided between the established Probst firm and the emerging firm of Tobias Conrad Lotter. Lotter, Matthäus Seutter’s son in law, was a master engraver and worked on behalf of the Seutter firm. Lotter would eventually become one of the most prominent cartographers of his day" (Wikipedia). Tooley Q-Z, p.150.

94. SNELGRAVE, Captain William
A New Account of Some Parts of Guinea and the Slave Trade, Containing: I. The history of the late conquest of the kingdom of Whidaw by the king of Dahome ... II. The manner how the negroes become slaves ... III. A relation of the author's being taken by pirates, and the many dangers he underwent.

London: James, John, & Paul Knapton, 1734. First Edition. Octavo. [xxiv], 288 pp. With a copper engraved folding map of the west coast of Africa (perhaps map variant?). Handsome period style dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with marbled boards and red gilt morocco label. Some pages mildly browned and foxed, otherwise a very good copy.
"A slave trader's general yet vivid account of his experiences as captain of a number of ships sailing the England-Guinea-West Indies route" (Bell S359); "This is an interesting work by one of the old slave trader. The author gives a vivid picture of the capture of his vessel" (Cox I p.375); "William Snelgrave, Captain of the slaver Bird Gallery whose vessel was seized by the pirates, Captain Cocklyn and Captain Davis, off Sierra Leone on 1.4. 1719" (Howgego F58); "Snelgrave was a slave-trader who in 1719 succeeded in transporting 600 slaves from the Gulf of Guinea to the West Indies" (Christies); Kress 4197; Sabin 85380. This account largely based on voyages the author made in 1727 and 1730 to Whydah and Jakin, offers an important account of the kingdom of Dahomey (now Benin).


95. SNOW, William Parker (1817-1895)
Voyage of the Prince Albert in Search of Sir John Franklin: A Narrative of Every day life in the Arctic Seas.

London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1851. First Edition. Octavo. xvi, 416 pp. With four chromo-lithograph plates and a folding map. Original publisher's navy pictorial gilt and blind stamped cloth. Plates with some very minor foxing, top of back hinge of spine with small crack, otherwise a very good copy.
In 1850 Snow volunteered "for one of the expeditions in search of Sir John Franklin, prompted by a dream, which he believed had shown him the true route. The idea came to dominate his whole life. He served in 1850 as purser, doctor, and chief officer of the Prince Albert, a small vessel fitted out at the expense of Lady Franklin, under Commander C. C. Forsyth RN. On his return Snow published Voyage of the Prince Albert in Search of Sir John Franklin (1851) and was awarded the polar medal. He was convinced that success had been hindered by Forsyth's refusal to go on, and during the following years he vainly importuned the Admiralty to send him out again in command of any vessel, however small, and tried to organize unofficial searches" (Oxford DNB).
"William Parker Snow here describes an 1850 Franklin search expedition in the Prince Albert, a small vessel fitted out at the expense of Lady Franklin and captained by Commander Forsyth of the British Navy. Snow accompanied the voyage as purser, doctor, and chief officer.., the Prince Albert crew discovered traces of the Franklin expedition's first winter. Encampment on Beechey Island, upon their empty-handed return, Snow was convinced that Forsyth had sabotaged the success of the search by his refusal to go on or to pursue Snow's foretold route" (Hill 1598); Arctic Bibliography 16362; Howgego 1850-1940 Polar Regions S38.

96. SONNINI, (de Manoncourt), C[harles] N[icolas] (1751-1812)
Voyage Dans la Haute et Basse Egypte. [Travels in Upper and Lower Egypt].

Paris: F. Buisson, An VII [1799]. First Edition. Text Octavo 3 vols. & Folio Atlas. [iv], vii, [i], 425, [3]; [ii], 417; [ii], 424; [2] pp. Atlas with a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, 38 other copper engravings (two folding) and a large folding engraved map by Tardieu after D'Anville. Period brown gilt titled papered boards. Extremities rubbed and spines mildly sunned, remains of a small private library label on volume one, otherwise a very good set.
This expedition was made with the intention of collecting rare Egyptian birds, however Sonnini includes some unusual and fascinating details of native life and customs such as female and male circumcision and homosexuality, leprosy and other diseases, serpent eating etc. "Sonnini set out with baron de Tott's expedition in 1777. On arrival at Alexandria he found orders to explore Egypt from Louis XVI awaiting him" (Blackmer Collection 1006); Atabey 1155.
This work relates to various subjects "with the utmost candor: such as Egyptian female circumcision, serpent eating, Egyptian lesbianism, women's cosmetics…" (Cox I, p.395); Gay 2250; Howgego S135; Ibrahim-Hilmy 245. "A naturalist, Sonnini de Manoncourt traveled extensively through Egypt (from Alexandria to Aswan), making notes on the flora and fauna, the customs of the people, and only incidentally, the antiquities.., Illustrated with excellent engravings, mostly of fish and birds" (Kalfatovic 0158).


97. SPARRMAN, Anders (1748-1820)
Resa till Goda Hopps-Udden, Södra Pol-kretsen och Omkring Jordklotet, samt till Hottentott- och Caffer-landen, åren 1772-76. [A Voyage to the Cape of Good Hope, towards the Antarctic Polar Circle and Round the World: But Chiefly into the Country of the Hottentots and Caffres, from the year 1772, to 1776].

Stockholm: Anders J. Nordstrom, 1783. First Edition. Octavo. xv, 766 pp. With nine folding copper engraved plates and one copper engraved folding map. Period brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards. Covers and spine mildly worn, otherwise a very good copy.
This is the first volume of Sparrman's account of his travels in South Africa and of his voyage with Cook in the Resolution 1772-5. "It is the most interesting and most trustworthy account of the Cape Colony and the various races then residing in it, that was published before the beginning of the 19th century" (G. M. Theal). This volume deals mainly with South Africa, but a resume of the voyage with Cook is inserted on pp. 86-108.., The second volume (in two parts) was not published until 1802 and 1818" (Du Rietz Cook 10).
Sparrman "sailed for the Cape of Good Hope in January 1772 to take up a post as a tutor. When James Cook arrived there later in the year at the start of his second voyage, Sparrman was taken on as assistant naturalist to Johann and Georg Forster. After the voyage he returned to Cape Town in July 1775 and practiced medicine, earning enough to finance a journey into the interior" (Wikipedia). Sparrman "frequently draws attention to the inaccuracies to be met with in Kolbe's account of the Cape, and throws considerable doubt on the veracity of many of his statements" (Mendelssohn II, p.414-5); Hill 1615; Howgego S154.

98. SPINOLA, Antonio Ardizzone
Saudades da India: Manifesta das as Magestades de Portvgal na Solemnidade do Glorioso Apostolo S. Thome, aos 21, de Dezembro de 1648. [Longing for India, Manifested in Portugal's Possessions there and the Solemnity of the Glorious Apostle Sao Thome].

Lisboa: Na officina Crassbesekiana, 1652. First Edition. Small Quarto. 40 pp. Period Portuguese style speckled dark brown full gilt tooled full sheep. A very good copy.
Very Rare work as only six copies found in Worldcat. This work gives valuable information on the Portuguese possessions in India, especially the missions there.
"Thomas the Apostle, also called Doubting Thomas or Didymus (meaning "Twin"), was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. He is best known for disbelieving Jesus' resurrection when first told of it, then proclaiming "My Lord and my God" on seeing Jesus in John 20:28. He was perhaps the only Apostle who went outside the Roman Empire to preach the Gospel. He also believed to have crossed the largest area, which includes the Persian Empire and India" (Wikipedia).

99. STANLEY, Henry Morton (1841-1904)
Press Reviews of "Through the Dark Continent", 1878;
[With]: Reviews of the 'Congo' and the Founding of its Free State, Published May 1885.

London(?): Privately Printed(?), ca. 1885. First Edition. Quarto. 133; 117 pp. Period black half sheep with black cloth boards and a manuscript paper label. A very good copy.
Very Rare works as no copies of each found in Worldcat. The manuscript title of the paper spine label "My Printed Speeches & Letters" alludes to the probability that this is from H.M. Stanley's own personal library. These two works consist of an assortment of reviews and press releases by The Standard, Daily Telegraph, Hampshire Advertiser, Sheffield & Rotherham Independent, The Athenaeum, The Graphic, The Scotsman, Liverpool Mercury and The Pall Mall Gazette etc.
"The violence which accompanied Stanley's expedition gave rise to controversy in the British press. His attempts at self-justification for the punishment of the Bumbiri were challenged: ‘He has no concern with justice, no right to administer it; he comes with no sanction, no authority, no jurisdiction nothing but explosive bullets and a copy of the Daily Telegraph’ (Saturday Review, 16 Feb 1878). His expedition was said by some to amount to exploration by warfare: ‘Exploration under these conditions is, in fact, exploration plus buccaneering, and though the map may be improved and enlarged by the process, the cause of civilisation is not a gainer thereby, but a loser’ (Pall Mall Gazette, 11 Feb 1878). John Kirk, the Zanzibar consul, launched a discreet enquiry in 1878, and concluded in a confidential report that ‘if the story of this expedition were known it would stand in the annals of African discovery unequalled for the reckless use of power that modern weapons placed in his hands over natives who never before heard a gun fired’ (1 May 1878, Foreign Office papers, TNA: PRO).
But these misgivings were to be swamped by numerous tributes to Stanley's success in solving the remaining mysteries of African geography. On his return to Paris and London at the end of 1877, leading figures in geographical societies across Europe were lavish in their praise. In February 1878 he addressed the Royal Geographical Society twice, stubbornly defending his record against ‘soft, sentimental, sugar-and-honey, milk-and-water kind of talk’ (PRGS, 22, 1878, 145). His two-volume work Through the Dark Continent, published in June 1878, became another best-seller. Nevertheless, the controversy added to Stanley's disillusionment with the British government, which was lukewarm about his schemes to further the commercial penetration of the Congo region.., Although it did not involve any significant geographical discoveries, Stanley considered his work on the Congo to be among the most important of his life. His book The Congo and the Founding of its Free State (2 vols., 1885) promoted what he called the ‘gospel of enterprise’ (2.377), emphasizing both the commercial potential of the region and the hard labour necessary to exploit it. He revelled in the name Bula Matari, portraying his aim in the Congo as nothing less than the conquest of nature.
On his return, however, Stanley found himself a small player in a much larger game of international diplomacy, culminating in the Berlin Congress of 1884-5, at which he acted as an adviser to the American delegation. The establishment of the Congo Free State, a territory of nearly 1 million square miles which Stanley had done much to secure, was one of the most significant events in the history of the so-called ‘scramble for Africa’. Subsequent events were to show that Leopold's ambitions were not quite so philanthropic as Stanley represented them. But he denied to the last any responsibility for the atrocities that were to follow" (Oxford DNB).

100. SYMES, Michael (1761-1809)
An Account of an Embassy to the Kingdom of Ava sent by the Governor-General of India, in the year 1795.

London: W. Bulmer & Co., 1800. First Edition. Quarto. xxiii, [i], 503, [1] pp. With two large folding copper engraved maps, twenty-six copper engraved plates (eight botanical plates), six folding. Original publisher's beige and blue papered boards, with the original printed paper label. Paper spine with crack, three plates with mild marginal water stain, otherwise a very good uncut completely original copy, very rare in this condition.
"In 1795 Symes was sent by the governor-general, John Shore, to the court of King Bodawpaya of Burma, to try to improve political and commercial relations, and also to confirm whether the French were actively courting the Burmese as they were rumoured to be doing elsewhere in Asia. Border tensions had recently escalated when Burmese troops had pursued Arakanese rebels into British territories and then refused to leave until the rebels were handed over. The embassy was counted a success, for Symes returned with signed documents which the British believed would open Burmese markets to British and Indian traders, and the French threat was shown to be largely illusory. These agreements, which fell short of what might properly be called a treaty, allowed British traders to purchase Burmese wood, instituted a procedure for addressing merchant grievances, and, provided import duties were paid, exempted British goods from inland customs and duties.
Symes wrote of his seven months in Burma - which took him from Rangoon to the capital at Amarapura - in An Account of an Embassy to the Kingdom of Ava Sent by the Governor-General of India in 1795 (1800), one of the first detailed accounts of the country written in English. In just over 500 pages, it addressed the history, geography, culture, and economics of Burma, and the text was accompanied by illustrations and maps. It painted a generally favourable impression of Burma, emphasizing its civility, culture, and stability, while also hinting at the Burmese court's suspicions of the British" (Oxford DNB).
"According to Pinkerton this is the only satisfactory account on Burma till then published. Symes's embassy resulted in leave being given by the "Emperor of Ava" for a British Resident to reside at Rangoon to protect British subjects" (Cox I p. 309). The "embassy to Ava [was] to attempt to induce the king to close his borders to French shipping.., [the mission resulted in] the first reliable survey of the lower River Irrawaddy. Permission having been granted for a British resident to be present at Rangoon" (Howgego S200); Cordier Indosinica 445; Kaul Early Writings 2887.

101. TAVERNIER, John Baptista (1605-1689)
A Collection of Several Relations & Treatises Singular and Curious, of John Baptista Tevernier, Baron of Aubonne: not printed among his first six voyages, divided into five parts. I. A new and singular Relation of the Kingdom of Tunquin, with several Figures, and a Map of the Countrey. II. How Hollanders manage their Affairs in Asia. III. A Relation of Japan, and the Cause of the Persecution of the Christians in those Islands; with a Map of the Countrey. IV. A Relation of what passed in the Negotiation of the Deputies which were at Persia and the Indies, as well on the French King's as the Company's behalf, for the Establishment of Trade. V. Observations upon the East India Trade, and the Frauds there subject to be committed.

London: A.Godbid and J.Playford, for Moses Pitt, 1680. First English Edition. Small Folio. [i], [xx], 87, 66, [2] pp. With a folding copper engraved map and eight folding copper engraved plates and extra-illustrated with a portrait, folding map and 5 folding plates from the French edition of 1679 (larger and superior plates), and also with a double-page map of China and Japan by Moll. Period style black full calf with gilt black labels. A very good copy.
"The interest in Tavernier's travels lies in the personal experiences and adventures he relates. Though he was unfairly treated by his fellow travellers, such as Bernier and Thevenot, both of whom he met in India, he does not return ill for ill. He successfully combined his business as jeweler with his travels. Towards the end of 1663, on his sixth and last voyage, he took with him £30,000 worth of stuff, the most of which he sold at Ispahan to the Shah of Persia. He also disposed of some of the Jewels to the Great Mogul Aurangzib. His financial transactions on the whole must have been very profitable, for when he returned to Paris in 1668 he was a man of wealth, and like a wise fellow proceeded to stay home and enjoy it.., Modern Scholars agree that in the main he was accurate in his statements of facts. His work is especially valuable at the time for its information on trade and trade routes, diamonds and mines" (Cox I. P. 275).
"Tavernier spent 30 years traveling in the East as a merchant. Between 1638 and 1668 he made six voyages from Turkey to Persia, India, the East Indies and Japan, and by indicating the safe routes he did much to open up trade between East and West" (Bonhams). Tavernier was a "merchant-adventurer and pioneer of trade, primarily with precious stones, with India.., In July 1687, at the age of eighty-two, Tavernier left Paris for the last time [seeking] Protestant sponsors for a further mission to the East, he reached Moscow, where he hoped to enlist the support of the tsar. There he died in February 1689 and was buried in the Protestant cemetery. His latter journeys are poorly documented and his tomb in Moscow was not discovered until 1855" (Howgego T14).

102. TENISON, Lady Louisa Mary Anne (1819-1882)
Castile and Andalucia.

London: Richard Bentley, 1853. First Edition. Quarto. xi, 488 pp. With 23 tinted lithographed plates, a folding panoramic tinted lithographed frontispiece and wood engravings in text Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and brown gilt label. A very good copy.
"Well-illustrated description of Spain, with a folding frontispiece showing the Alhambra. The plates are from drawings by the author and Egron Lundgren" (PBA Galleries). The places visited include Gibraltar, Malaga, Granada, Cádiz, Madrid, Valladolid, Toledo, Córdoba and Seville. Foulche-Delbosc 456.

103. TOURNEFORT, Joseph Pitton de (1656-1708)
Relation d’un voyage du Levant, fair par ordre du Roy. Contenant l’histoire ancienne et moderne de plusieurs isles de l’archipel, de Constantinople, des côtes de la Mer Noire, de l’Armenie, de la Georgie, des frontières de Perse, & de l’Asie Mineure. [A Voyage into the Levant: The State of the Islands, Constantinople, Armenia, Georgia, the Frontiers of Persia..,].

Lyons: Anisson et Posuel, 1717. First Octavo Edition. Thick Octavo, 3 vols in one. (22), 379, 448, 404, (60) pp. With 153 engraved plates, plans and maps (6 folding). Period full vellum. A very good copy.
"Volume I is devoted mainly to the Greek archipelago and the eastern Mediterranean; Volume II to Asia Minor, the Black Sea, the Caucasus and Persia. Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656-1708) was one of the greatest botanists of his time, discovering many new plant species during his travels in the Levant"(Blackmer Sotheby's Catalogue 329); Cox I p.221.
"In 1700, under a commission from the Comte de Pontchartrain, Tournefort left Paris for the East to collect plants and undertake other types of observations. He was accompanied by the German botanist Gundelsheimer and the artist Aubrier. He spent two years travelling through the islands of Greece and visited Constantinople, the borders of the Black Sea, Armenia and Georgia. He was preparing to go to Egypt, but news of the plague that was ravaging the country forced his early return to Paris. On his travels he is said to have collected 1356 specimens" (Howgego T58).

104. TSYLOV, Nikolai Ivanovich (1799-1879)
[First Saint Petersburg Street Atlas] Atlas Trinadstati Chastei S. Peterburga s Podrobnim Izobrazheniem Naberezhnikh, Ulits, Pereulkov, Kazennikh I Obivatelskikh Domov. [Atlas of the Thirteen Districts of Saint Petersburg With Details of the Embankments, Streets, Side Streets, State and Private Hoses] / Published by Permission of the Government.

Saint Petersburg, 1849. First Edition. Quarto. [8] pp. Almost completely lithographed edition, except eight preliminary pages and errata pages. Lithographed half title and title page, General plan of St. Petersburg, 392 numbered plans, [27] unnumbered leaves between the plans, [2 - errata]. All plans and leaves are lithographed. Very handsome Russian period style red elaborately gilt tooled full morocco. A near fine copy.
Very rare work as only 3 copies found in Worldcat.
First detailed topographical atlas of Saint Petersburg with exhaustive information on the streets, lanes, buildings, and significantly, the names of all private house owners. It was compiled by the noted cartographer and statesman, Major-General Nikolai Ivanovich Tsylov who became famous for his address books and the topographical atlases of Saint Petersburg and Tsarskoe Selo. Our "Atlas Trinadtsati Chastei" was composed on a special assignment of the Head of Saint Petersburg Police Alexander Galakhov (Tsylov dedicated the book to him, see dedication leaf). Not long after the atlas had been published, the Tsylov became a member of the Russian Geographical Society.
The book contains a general plan of Saint Petersburg showing all its 13 districts, as well as plans of each district of the city delineating the quarters and is detailed to the smallest side streets. The district plans are supplemented with an alphabet Indexes of the streets which help in search of a particular street. The most voluminous part of the book, occupying 392 leaves, consists of detailed plans of all the Saint Petersburg streets, squares, embankments and islands, with all government buildings and private houses and dachas shown. Owner’s names are specified everywhere.
The author’s aim was to create the easiest reference for the townsmen in search of every street and lane, as well as the name and rank of the particular building’s owner. He also gave information about specific features of each building (material: wood or stone, length and number of floors). "It’s obvious, that no plan can substitute this atlas. The plan detailed enough to compare with the atlas would be too large. Every plan shows us the topography of a city, but doesn’t help in a quick search of a street, not to speak about a house" (p. [5]).
The atlas is considered an important source of the historical topography of Saint Petersburg and is a table book for all historians of the city. It was published in a small print run and like all other Russian lithographed editions is very scarce.
A separately issued "Alphabet Index" containing names of streets and house owners (SPb., 1849), was published but as almost always in not present with this copy.

105. UBALDINI, Petruccio (ca.1524-ca.1600)
A Genuine and most Impartial Narration of the Glorious Victory obtained, by Her Majesty's navy : Under the Conduct of Charles Lord Howard of Effingham, Lord High-Admiral of England, over the falsely-stiled Invincible Armada of Spain, A.D. 1588. Translated from the Italian, written by Petruccio Ubaldino, Citizen of Florence, and Inscribed to the High-Admiral, by A. Ryther. Illustrated with a useful Postscript. To which are annexed, by Way of Appendix, I. Original Letters, with other Curious Papers, relating to this ever-memorable Event. II. A choice Narrative of the notable Exploit of Part of the English Fleet against a Squadron of Spanish Galeons, in 1656. III. Descriptions of Puerto Bello and the Island Cuba. IV. Authentic Accounts of Puerto Bello's being taken by Capt. H. Morgan, in 1669; and by V.A. Vernon, in 1739: With a Plan of that City, its Harbour, late Fortifications, &c. As also of Cartagena and Havana.

London: Printed for R. Montagu, 1740. New Edition with Additions. Octavo. [ii], iv, 117 pp. With an engraved folding plates with three plans. Handsome period style brown panelled full calf with a maroon gilt label. Several leaves with some edge wear, otherwise a very good copy.
A rare work being a new "edition, with the addition of American sections, of Ubaldini’s Discourse concerning the Spanishe fleete, 1590" (Sabin 97661). This work also includes information on Cartegena, Cuba and Porto Bella not found in Ubaldini's original work. Also included is an account of how the English fleet destroyed and captured a Spanish treasure fleet off Cádiz in 1656. Additionally, an account of how Porto Bello in Panama was taken by Captain H. Morgan in 1669 and by Vice Admiral Edward Vernon in 1739. "In the summer of 1668 Margan left Jamaica again, this time with 460 buccaneers and a squadron of nine ships, to attack the settlements of Darien. Porto Bello was ransomed, and the fleet sailed on to the desolate south coast of Cuba where the loot was divided- 400 pieces of eight for every man" (Howgego M170).

106. VANCOUVER, Captain George (1757-1798)
Voyage de découvertes a l'Ocean Pacifique du Nord, et autour du monde : dans lequel la côte nord-ouest de l'Amérique a été soigneusement reconnue et exactement revelée: ordonné par le Roi d'Angleterre, principalement dans la vue de constater s'il existe, à travers le continent de l'Amérique, un passage pour les vaisseaux, de l'Océan Pacifique du Nord à l'Océan Atlantique septentrional ; et exécuté en 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794 et 1795, par le Capitaine George Vancouver.
[A Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean, and Round the World; in Which the Coast of North-West America has been Carefully Examined and Accurately Surveyed Undertaken by his Majesty's Command, Principally with a View to Ascertain the Existence of any Navigable Communication Between the North Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans; and Performed in the Years 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794 and 1795 in the Discovery Sloop of War, and Armed Tender Chatham.

Paris: De l'Imprimerie de la Republique, [1800]. First French Edition. Quarto text, 3 vols. & Folio Atlas. xi,[i],491; [iv],516; [iv],562; 4 pp. Text with eighteen folding engraved plates and maps and folio atlas with sixteen charts and coastal views, many double page. Period half vellum with marbled boards and red gilt tooled labels. Atlas expertly rebound to match, otherwise a near fine set.
"George Vancouver, who had served on Captain Cook's second and third voyages, was made commander of a grand-scale expedition to reclaim Britain's rights, resulting from the Nootka Convention, at Nootka Sound, to examine thoroughly the coast south of 60' in order to find a possible passage to the Atlantic, and to learn what establishments had been founded by other powers. This voyage became one of the most important made in the interests of geographical knowledge. Vancouver sailed by way of the Cape of Good Hope to Australia, where he discovered King George's Sound and Cape Hood, then to New Zealand, Hawaii, and the northwest coast of America. In three season's work Vancouver surveyed the coast of California, visited San Francisco, San Diego (one of the folded charts, dated 1798, depicts the port of San Diego), and other Spanish settlements in Alta California; settled the necessary formalities with the Spanish at Nootka; investigated the Strait of Juan de Fuca; discovered the Strait of Georgia; Circumnavigated Vancouver Island; and disproved the existence of any passage between the Pacific and Hudson's Bay. Vancouver died before the narrative was finished; his brother John, assisted by Captain Peter Puget, edited and published the complete record" (Hill 1753), Cox II p.30-31.
"The first French Edition of the Vancouver voyage. In the first text volume, the "Notice des planches"(repeated in folio atlas) describes the maps, charts, and land views to be found in the atlas. This information does not appear in the first (London) edition.., Copies of the French edition are printed both in a more attractive manner and on better paper than the English edition"(Hawaiian National Bibliography 324).
"The voyage was remarkable for the accuracy of its surveys, the charts of the coasts surveyed needing little improvement to the present day. When Charles Wilkes resurveyed Puget Sound for the U.S. Navy in 1841, he was amazed at the accuracy Vancouver had achieved under such adverse conditions and despite his failing health. Well into the 1880's Vancouver's charts of the Alaskan coastline remained the accepted standard" (Howgego V13); Lada-Mocarski 55; Sabin 98441.

107. VANCOUVER, Captain George (1757-1798)
A Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean, and Round the World; in Which the Coast of North-West America has been Carefully Examined and Accurately Surveyed Undertaken by his Majesty's Command, Principally with a View to Ascertain the Existence of any Navigable Communication Between the North Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans; and Performed in the Years 1790, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794 and 1795 in the Discovery Sloop of War, and Armed Tender Chatham.

London: John Stockdale, 1801. First Octavo Edition, a New Edition with Corrections. Octavo, 6vols bound in 3. 410; 418; 435; 417; 454; 412, (2) pp. Seventeen folding copper engraved views and (one of two) large folding maps. Missing map replaced with a facsimile on blue paper. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Volumes re-cased and extremities mildly worn, otherwise a very good set.
"George Vancouver, who had served on Captain Cook's second and third voyages, was made commander of a grand-scale expedition to reclaim Britain's rights, resulting from the Nootka Convention, at Nootka Sound, to examine thoroughly the coast south of 60' in order to find a possible passage to the Atlantic, and to learn what establishments had been founded by other powers. This voyage became one of the most important made in the interests of geographical knowledge. Vancouver sailed by way of the Cape of Good Hope to Australia, where he discovered King George's Sound and Cape Hood, then to New Zealand, Hawaii, and the northwest coast of America. In three season's work Vancouver surveyed the coast of California, visited San Francisco, San Diego (one of the folded charts, dated 1798, depicts the port of San Diego), and other Spanish settlements in Alta California; settled the necessary formalities with the Spanish at Nootka; investigated the Strait of Juan de Fuca; discovered the Strait of Georgia; Circumnavigated Vancouver Island; and disproved the existence of any passage between the Pacific and Hudson's Bay. Vancouver died before the narrative was finished; his brother John, assisted by Captain Peter Puget, edited and published the complete record"(Hill 1753-4).
"The voyage was remarkable for the accuracy of its surveys, the charts of the coasts surveyed needing little improvement to the present day. When Charles Wilkes resurveyed Puget Sound for the U.S. Navy in 1841, he was amazed at the accuracy Vancouver had achieved under such adverse conditions and despite his failing health. Well into the 1880's Vancouver's charts of the Alaskan coastline remained the accepted standard" (Howgego V13); Cox II p.30-31; Lada-Mocarski 55; Sabin 98444; Strathern 582 (i).

108. WINTERBOTHAM, W[illiam] (1763-1829)
An Historical, Geographical and Philosophical View of the Chinese Empire; Comprehending a Description of the Fifteen Provinces of China, Chinese Tartary, Tributary States; Natural History of China; Government, Religion, Laws, Manners and Customs, Literature, Arts, Sciences, Manufactures, &c. To Which is Added a Copious Account of Lord Macartney's Embassy Compiled from Original Communications.

London: J. Ridgway, 1795. First Edition. Octavo. [x], 435; 114 pp. With a copper engraved folding map and seven other copper engravings on plates, one folding. Period brown gilt tooled polished full calf, re-backed in style with a black gilt label. A near fine copy.
An important account of China in that it gives an account of the Macartney Embassy three years before the official account by Staunton. "The account of the Macartney mission "Narrative of the Embassy to China," found in the second section, pp. 1-114, is apparently based on information from Aeneas Anderson" (China Illustrata II 688); Cordier Sinica 2392; Cox I p.344; Lust 79.

109. ZIMMERMANN, Henri[ch] (1741-1805)
Dernier Voyage du Capitaine Cook Autour du Monde, ou se Trouvent les Circonstances de sa Mort. [Last Voyage of Captain Cook Round the World, and the Circumstances of his Death].

Berne: Chez la Nouvelle Societe Typographique, 1783. Second French Edition. Octavo. xvi, 200 pp. Very handsome period red gilt tooled quarter straight-grained morocco with vellum tips and yellow paste paper boards. Original boards, rebacked in style, otherwise a fine uncut copy.
"With possible exception of John Rickman's Journal, earliest account of Cook's last voyage" (Howes Z14). And thus one of the first works to mention Hawaii. Also, one of the most interesting narratives of this voyage.
"In 1776, after several unsuccessful attempts at various professions, Zimmermann, a native of Speyer, signed on as a common sailor on the Discovery. Sir Maurice Holmes, in his Cook Biography, writes of Zimmermann, "from the start of the voyage he determined to keep a shorthand journal and to retain it, despite the instructions .. Demanding the surrender of all logs and journals.' the original account, printed in 1781, was suppressed in Germany at the request of the British Admiralty in accordance with the instructions given to the personnel of the ship that all journals were to be turned over to them for use in the official account of the expedition" (Hill p. 333).
"The second French-language edition, which closely follows that of the first edition (Berne, 1782) with the title and text reset. Zimmermann's narrative ends on page 117, followed on page 118 by a life of Cook, "Abregee de la vie du capitaine Cook," as in the first French (Berne ) edition, and an important series of "Notes" (Forbes 59). Zimmermann's work is one of the rarest of all accounts of Cook's third voyage and, with Rickman's narrative, the earliest published account of the third voyage, the death of Cook, and the discovery of Hawaii. The first edition came out in German at Mannheim in 1781. Beddie 1630; Lada-Mocarski 33; Sabin 106436.


About Us | Contact Us ©2018 The Wayfarer's Bookshop     
Antiquarian Booksellers Association of Canada International League of Antiquarian Booksellers Provincial Booksellers' Fairs Association International Map Collectors' Society The Ephemera Society Royal Geographical Society