September 2013 - Some of the Highlights We're Bringing to Vancouver Book Fair - Antiquarian, Collectible & Rare

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[Unique Collection of 23 Original Photographs Documenting the Investigation of the Wreck of the Russian Coast Guard Ship Kreiserok in the Vicinity of Cape Soya, Northwestern Hokkaido].

Ca. 1889. One photograph ca. 16,5x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in), eighteen photographs, ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and four smaller photographic portraits of the Kreiser’s crew, ca. 11x8 cm (4 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) mounted on card leaves of different sizes. The majority of photographs with pencil captions in Danish on the lower margins of the mounts. Minor foxing of the mounts, but overall a very good collection.
This important photographic collection documents the search expedition of the Russian Navy to the northwestern Hokkaido in November 1889 - January 1890. The purpose was to investigate the fate of the shipwreck of the Russian coast guard schooner Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") which was in service on the coast of Tyuleniy Island (in the Sea of Okhotsk, 19 km to the south of Cape Patience (Mys Terpeniya), on the eastern Sakhalin coast) protecting against poachers and disappeared in a storm on the 26th of October, 1889.
The wreck of Kreiserok was discovered by Japanese on the shore next to village Wakkanai, in the vicinity of Cape Soya, the northernmost point of Hokkaido, 43 km away across the Laperouse Strait from Sakhalin Island. The Russian consulate informed the Pacific Squadron of the Russian Navy which wintered in Nagasaki, and the Squadron Commander rear admiral Vladimir Schmidt sent the investigation expedition on clipper Kreiser ("Cruiser") to ascertain whether the wreck was indeed the Kreiserok.
The expedition under the leadership of renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor Alexander von Bunge (1851-1930) included Lt. V.N. Bukharin and other Russian mariners, as well as Japanese officials and translators. The party reached the place of the wreck with great difficulties because of heavy snowfalls and strong winds. They examined what left of the schooner - a part of stern with steering wheel and the right side with both masts. Two ship’s boats, the flag and the board with the ship’s name were discovered, as well as a body of a sailor (Fedor Ivanov). None of the crew members was rescued, obviously there were no survivors. The cause of the disaster wasn’t determined, but it was assumed that the ship wrecked because of the ice formation on Kreiserok’s hull and rigging during strong storm, winds and low temperatures.
This photograph collection, assembled by the Danish member of Kreiser’s crew, Lt. C.M.T. Cold (who also captioned most of the images), includes eleven images of the Kreiserok wreck on shore with all parts of the schooner's remains clearly visible. Five images show the surrounding coast and a Japanese settlement, covered with deep snow. The majority of the pictures from the wreckage also show the expedition members, with Alexander Bunge present on five pictures, and possibly V. Bukharin and Lt. Cold present at least on six pictures; several pictures show the Japanese members, and two images are group portraits of all expedition members. Five pictures are dedicated to the clipper Kreiser including four portraits of its crew members, and a view of Kreiser in the harbour of Nagasaki, the latter was reproduced in: Krestianinov, V.I. Cruisers of the Russian Imperial Navy, 1856-1917. Part 1. SPb., 2003 (Крестьянинов, В.Я. Крейсера Российского Императорского флота, 1856-1917. Ч. I. СПб, 2003).
The monument erected in 1897 in Vladivostok in memory of Kreiserok and its crew became the first monument of Vladivostok and the first official memorial on the Pacific to Russian naval mariners who perished on duty.
Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") was a coast guard schooner of the Russian Imperial Navy. Tonnage 15 t., length 24 m., width 8 m., draught 2.13 m. Built in 1884 in Seattle, before 1886 - American schooner "Henrietta." In 1886 it was confiscated by the Russian clipper "Kreiser" for poaching in the Russian waters of the Bering Sea. In 1887 under command of lieutenant Tsvangman it carried out hydrographical survey of the Amur estuary. On the 14th of May 1888 it was renamed after the clipper "Kreiser" and became a coast guard vessel of the Tyuleniy Island (the Sea of Okhotsk). In October 1889 during its service on the island’s coast it captured American poaching schooner Rose and prepared to escort it to Vladivostok, but instead wrecked in a storm with the entire crew perishing. A cape and a bay in the Possiet Gulf (Peter the Great Gulf of the Sea of Japan) were named after it.
Alexander von Bunge was a renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor of medicine and zoologist, a son of famous botanist Alexander von Bunge (1803-1890). He participated in the expeditions to the mouth of the River Lena (1882-84), Yenisey River (1892-95), Spitsbergen (1900) et al; he headed the expedition to the New Siberian Islands (1885-86). Von Bunge’s meteorological observations were used by F. Nansen during his famous Fram expedition. An island in the Arctic Ocean (Bunge Land), a peninsula on the Russky Island (Nordenskiöld Archipelago), glaciers on Spitsbergen and Novaya Zemlya, and a mountain on Spitsbergen were named after him.


The Cariboo Sentinel: Vol. 1. No. 12.

Barkerville, Williams Creek, British Columbia: Saturday, August 19, 1865. On a double Elephant Folio leaf (ca. 40,5x29,5 cm or 16 x 11 ½ in). Four pages. With two page Supplement laid in. Period pencil note "30 cops. Exp. Acc. F.J. Barnard" in the right upper corner; blue stamp "M.W. WAITT & Co. Govt. St. VICTORIA" in the left upper corner. Light staining along fold lines, chipping on the upper edge, but overall a very good copy.
Very rare as only four runs of the
newspaper located in Worldcat.
One of the first issues of this almost legendary goldfields newspaper inscribed by a prominent BC businessman and politician, the founder of famous Barnard’s Express: Francis Jones Barnard (1829-1889).
The inscription ordered to send 30 copies of the newspaper to the office of a Victoria bookseller, publisher and news agent M.W. Waitt & Co. (probably, on Barnard’s personal account). The reason for this was most likely the article letter from Victoria written anonymously by a member of the Legislature, which presented a lengthy defense of Union of the Colonies of BC and Vancouver Island, based partly on the value of the Cariboo miners to the Island economy and, reciprocally, the value of free trade to the miners (the union was concluded in 1866).
"The Cariboo Sentinel was published in Barkerville, in the Cariboo region of central British Columbia, and ran from June 1865 to October 1875. At the time, Barkerville was home to a fast-growing community of miners who had been attracted to the Cariboo region by the discovery of gold. The Sentinel was published by George Wallace, and its stated objective was not only to disseminate "mining intelligence," but also to eradicate "official abuse[s]" of power, both within the Cariboo region and beyond (vol. 1, no. 1, p. 2)" (UBC Library Catalogue).
"Francis Jones Barnard, often known as Frank Barnard Sr., was a prominent British Columbia businessman and Member of Parliament in Canada from 1879 to 1887. Most famously, Barnard was the founder of the B.X. Express freighting company ("Barnard's Express"), which was the main cartage and passenger services company on the Cariboo Road. His son, Sir Francis Stillman Barnard, often known as Frank Barnard Jr., later became the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.
It was his next enterprise, begun in the fall of 1860, that would grow to become the B.X. Express one of the most important companies in the early history of the Colony, and which would remain in business for decades. He began by carrying mail and newspapers, on foot, all the way from Yale to the goldfield towns of the Cariboo, a 760-mile roundtrip journey, charging $2 per letter and selling newspapers in the goldfields for $1 a copy. In 1861 and 1862 he also carried packages between Yale and New Westminster, a distance of 200 miles, and in 1862 established a one-horse pony express, with himself as sole rider, serving the Cariboo from Yale, where he met with services from New Westminster and Yale provided by Dietz & Nelson (one of the partners in which was the later Lieutenant-Governor Hugh Nelson) and couriered reliably from there to Barkerville. On his return journeys, he became entrusted with shipments of gold dust, and managed to reliably and safely convey earnings from the goldfields to Yale despite the ever-present risk of robbery, in addition to the difficulties posed by distance, climate, and the difficult canyon and plateau trails.
With the completion of the first section of the Old Cariboo Road to Soda Creek in 1862 , Barnard used his own acquired capital and found a backer to launch Barnard's Express and Stage Line with fourteen six-horse coaches and a famous team of "crack whips" to drive them, including legendary drivers Steve Tingley and Billy Ballou. The onset of the busiest phase of movement of miners and goods to and from the Cariboo Gold Rush began that year, and Barnard's new company prospered from a buys trade in services for passengers, freight, letters, newspapers and gold dust, and in 1864 was able to expand his business further with the purchase of more rolling stock and also in winning the government contract to carry the mail. Barnard was also able to encourage the government to end the gold escort with the result that his company's coaches, equipped with armed guardsmen, would be fully in charge of the movement of gold from the Cariboo to the Coast. In 1866 Barnard bought out Dietz and Nelson and so came into control of the bulk of business connecting Victoria to Barkerville, as he was now in control of shipments between Victoria and Yale as well as from Yale northwards" (Wikipedia).


3. [BRAMBILA, Fernando] (1763-1832)
[Malaspina Expedition]: Vista de una Galeria natural de cien pies de largo y diez de ancho, en la inmediacion del Puerto del Decanso, en el Estrecho de Juan de Fuca [View of a Natural Gallery of one Hundred feet long and ten wide, in the Proximity of the Port of Decanso [Gabriola Island B.C., in the Strait of Juan de Fuca; Artist Proof Plate Meant for a Seven Volume Work Which was Suppressed and Remained Unpublished].

[Madrid?], [1798?]. Uncoloured aquatint, printed image ca. 26x49 cm (10 ½ x 19 ½ in). A near fine wide margined aquatint.
Extremely Rare artist's proof aquatint produced for a work which was never published. Worldcat only locates one copy of this print. This aquatint show the natural gallery on Gabriola Island. The artist of this aquatint, Brambila, joined as a painter the scientific expedition of Alejandro Malaspina (1789-1794), which explored and mapped much of the west coast of the Americas from Cape Horn to the Gulf of Alaska. Brambila painted several landscapes of Guam, the Philippines, Australia (Sydney), Macao, Peru, Chile and Argentina and the Pacific Northwest. After returning to Spain, he worked on producing prints based on his paintings and drawings made on the voyage, in preparation for the publication of the account of the Malaspina Expedition. Unfortunately, Malaspina's political judgment lead him to take part in a failed conspiracy to overthrow Spain's Prime Minister Godoy, and he was arrested on charges of plotting against the state. After an inconclusive trial on April 20, 1796, Charles IV decreed that Malaspina be stripped of rank and imprisoned in the isolated fortress of San Antón in La Coruña, Galicia (Spain), where he remained from 1796 to 1802.
As a result, his seven-volume account of the Expedition was suppressed and remained unpublished until the late 19th century. Thus, this aquatint is a very rare contemporary pictorial survivor of the expedition. Hakluyt Society, The Malaspina Expedition; Howgego M26; Humphrey, Malaspina's Lost Gallery; Wikipedia.


FORSTER, Johann Georg Adam (1754-1794) & SPARRMAN, Anders (1748-1820)
Professor Georg Forsters Strodde Underrattelser om Capitaine Cooks Sista Resa och Olyckeliga dod i Soderhafwet. Ofwersattning utur Gothingisches Magazin af Andreas Sparrman, Hwilken bifogat en Kungorelse om dess egen nu for Trycket fardige Rese-Beskrifning jamte et kort innehall deraf [Professor Georg Forster's Account of Captain Cook's Last Voyage..,].

Stockholm: P.A. Brodin, 1781. First Edition. Small Octavo. 47 pp. With a folding map of the Pacific Ocean. Period style (Swedish) light brown gilt tooled half calf with a red gilt morocco label and speckled papered boards. Map and a couple of page edges with very minor expert repair, otherwise a very good copy.
This very rare important work, with only five copies found in Worldcat, is one of the first descriptions of the Hawaiian Islands and the Death of Captain Cook and includes Sparrman's important map of the Pacific Ocean which was one of the very first to show the Hawaiian Islands. "Forster’s account of Cook’s third voyage, including his death at the hands of the Sandwich Islands natives, first appeared in German in the Göttingisches Magazin der Wissenschaften und Literatur in 1780, Volume II, pages 387--429. It was translated into Swedish by Andreas Sparrman, a former pupil of Linnaeus and scientist of note, and close friend of Forster from their association as members of Cook’s second expedition. It is the only separate printing in any language of the Forster article, which was derived from information obtained from Heinrich Zimmerman and Barthold Lohmann, both of whom were members of the crew (Zimmerman published his own account of the voyage also in 1781). The folding map, prepared by Sparrman, shows the coasts and islands discovered and explored by Cook and his successors on the third voyage.
In addition to the Forster article, Sparrman included several pages of his own reflections on Cook’s death, a brief account of the second voyage, and a resume of his own travels in South Africa, as well as bibliographical information concerning the forthcoming publication of his own narrative of the second voyage" (Howell); Copies of this work are "excessivement rare" (Kropelien 44); Sparrman "added (pp. 37-47) a personal commentary on Cook's death and some other notes on his own travels.., the map at the end depicting the North Pacific Ocean was drawn and engraved by Sparrman himself" (Hawaiian National Bibliography 30); Beddie 1639; Du Rietz (Captain James Cook) 8.


5. [COOK, James, Captain] (1728-1779)
[A Bronze Memorial Medal, by Lewis Pingo].

[London], [1783 or 1784]. Diameter ca. 43 mm. Recto with profile bust of Cook facing left within the words "Iac. Cook Oceani Investigator Acerrimus" (James Cook, the Most Ardent Explorer of the Seas), beneath the bust, "Reg. Soc. Lond. Socio Suo" (The Royal Society of London to their Fellow) and initial "L. P. F." [i.e. L. PingoFecit]. Reverse with figure of Fortune leaning against a naval column with rudder on globe within the letters "Nil Intentatum Nostri Liqvere" (Our Men Have Left Nothing Unattended) and, beneath the figure "Auspiciis Georgii III." Medal in fine condition.
The medal was struck in commemoration of Captain Cook by fellow members of the Royal Society of London. It "features on its obverse a profile portrait bust of Cook in uniform, and on the reverse, Fortune (sometimes identified as Britannia), leaning upon a column with a spear in the crook of her arm and holding a rudder on a globe. The decision to create the medal was made by the governing Council of the Royal Society shortly after news of Cook's death in Hawai'i reached London on 10 January 1780.
This was the first, and so far the only, time that the Royal Society has decided to commemorate the death of one of its Fellows in this way. At its meeting on 17 February 1780, the Council decided that the medal would be struck in different metals, with subscription rates set at 20 guineas for a gold medal and 1 guinea for a silver medal or two bronzed ones, and that each member would receive a free bronzed medal, in addition to any others he had subscribed for. Banks headed the list of subscribers, putting in an order for one gold, 23 silver and 13 bronzed medals. In all, it seems that 22 gold, 322 silver and 577 bronzed medals were created" (National Museum of Australia on-line).
Lewis Pingo (1743-1830) belonged to the British dynasty of clockmakers, engravers, and medallists, which had been established in London in the 1670s. His "greatest legacy is his medals, which are variously signed ‘L. PINGO’, ‘L. P.’, or ‘L. P. F.’ (F=fecit). They number more than fifteen, and include portrait medals of David Garrick (1772) and Captain James Cook (1783), as well as prize medals for the Royal Humane Society (1776) and the Board of Admiralty (1796). Examples of his work are represented in the British Museum" (Oxford DNB); Beddie 2788.


DOUGLAS, James, Sir (1803-1877)
[Original Manuscript Account of Transactions between the Hudson’s Bay Company in Fort Victoria and Fort Vancouver, and the Russian American Company in “Sitika”, titled]: Russian Amern. Fur Company. Outfit 1843.

1844. Brown ink on single Elephant Folio sheet (ca. 36,5x45 cm). 2 pp. Watermarked lined paper Ruse & Turners 1842”. Handwriting apparently in James Douglas’ hand, docketed and signed on verso “Russn. Am. Fur Compy. Ot. 1843, James Douglas”. Fold marks, otherwise a very good manuscript.
This historically important foundation document for BC and one of the first to mention Fort Victoria, details the trade and transactions between the largest fur companies in the Northwest Coast of America – the Russian American Company and the Hudson’s Bay Company. These companies were the main rivals for influence and trade in the region during most of the 19th century. A commercial treaty was made in 1839 with the active participation of James Douglas, then the head of the HBC’s Columbia District. “In return for the leasing of fur trading territory on the northern coast from Mount Fairweather south to 54°40′, the Russian-American Company received 2000 otter pelts and a number of other supplies” (Wikipedia).
The document compiled in May 1844 – apparently by Douglas himself – summarizes the transactions between the companies in 1843, an important year for BC as Fort Victoria was founded. The “Debit” page lists the amount of income for the freight on HBC’s barques Columbia and Diamond, maps of British North America sent to Nicholas von Freymann from London, and for the 1843 land otter returns – “East Side 3000, West Side 1408”. The “Credit” page contains entries on the bills receivable, drawn “on the Directors of the Russian American Fur Company by A. Etholene” [A.A. Etholen (1799-1876) – Chief Manager of the Russian American Company in 1840-1845]; supplies landed at “Sitika” [sic] for Ft. Victoria (28 pairs of Russian boots) and Ft. Vancouver, freight on Beaver and Cadboro (boots, a rudder, nails, iron, wood, fish and deer), as well as payment for Indians. The final balance of accounts is £13,789. 2s. 10d.


CHEVALLIER, Barrington Henry (1851-1930)
[Historically Interesting Manuscript British Navy Logbook, Containing the Logs of Eight Separate Voyages, Including Voyages in the North Pacific, with Stops at Esquimalt and Port Alberni on Vancouver Island and Honolulu, Hawaii].

[Various places at sea], 1865-1870. Folio (33x21.5 cm). Ca. 500 pp. Logbook in English, with twenty manuscript charts and four watercolours tipped in, five of the logs have manuscript title-pages, two in colour, four with flags and one with a printed picture of the ship pasted on the leaf. Period black blind-tooled half sheep, brown cloth boards, gilt-tooled morocco title-label on front cover. Housed in a modern cloth clamshell box with a black gilt morocco label. Extremities rubbed, front upper hinge with a crack but overall in very good condition.
Manuscript logs of eight ships: HMS Victory, Terrible, Victoria, Urgent, Malacca, Scout, Duke of Wellington and Bellerophon. The logs were kept by midshipman Barrington Henry Chevallier (1851-1930) from what was probably his first tour of duty in 1865 (after joining the navy in 1864 and training on HMS Britannia) to 1870, when he was promoted to sub-Lieutenant.
For the most part, the logs record the typical duties of a seaman of his rank. The numerous folding charts are excellent, as are the four watercolours. On his first two voyages, on board the Victory and then the Terrible, he sailed in the Mediterranean, with stops at Malta, Corinth, Patras, Cephalonia and Gibraltar. He then made a longer voyage on board the Urgent to the West Indies, with an initial stop at Bermuda and visits to Jamaica and Colombia. Chevallier then transferred to the Malacca, which was at anchor off Panama. After a brief trip to the Pearl Islands in April 1868, Chevallier was sent aboard HMS Scout, commanded by J.A.P. Price. It was aboard this ship that he undertook his first Pacific voyage, which took him from Panama to Esquimalt on Vancouver Island. On Vancouver Island the crew of the Scout met with the USS Pensacola. The voyage continued from Esquimalt to Honolulu, where the ship arrived in September. A second log for the Scout records a voyage from Honolulu to Tahiti, then to Valparaiso, through Tierra del Fuego, on to the Falkland Islands and then the return home to Spithead (15 October 1868 - 5 May 1869). The final two logs, of the Duke of Wellington and the Bellerophon, record coastal trips around Portsmouth and further Mediterranean travels. Chevallier rose through the ranks, moved to an office job in Naval Ordinance in 1887, married and settled in Kent, eventually becoming a Captain.
A very interesting well illustrated volume of ships' logs, including carefully plotted voyages with nice watercolours of Esquimalt and Kingston and interesting charts of the Pacific including the Galapagos Islands and a plan of Honolulu Harbour. Additionally, Chevallier describes communications with three Indian Canoes, the visit of an American Minister and British Consul to the ship, a 21-gun salute of the Tahitian Flag, the sighting of a Chilean Men of War (one bearing the flag of Adl. Blanca) and a Peruvian iron clad, etc.


SHAKESPEARE, Noah (1839-1921)
[Historically Important Original Photograph Group Portrait of the Members of the First BC Legislative Assembly at the Legislature, or “Birdcages”].

Victoria, ca. 1874. Albumen print ca. 14,5x19,5 cm (5 ¾ x 7 ¾ in), mounted on original card; matted in a recent mat. Ink photographer’s stamp “N. Shakespeare” on verso. Photo slightly faded, with minor foxing, but overall a very good strong image of this important photo.
Historically important early group portrait of the members of the first Legislative Assembly of British Columbia – after BC's unification with the Dominion of Canada in 1871. The first Legislative Assembly acted from 20 November 1871 to 30 August 1875 and included 25 members. This photo shows 20 members of the Assembly (from left to right): Robert Beaven (1836-1920), John Ash (ca. 1821-1886), A. Rocke Robertson (1841-1881), John Paton Booth (ca. 1838-1902), James Robinson; Josiah Charles Hudges (1843-1886); Robert Smith; Charles Todd; John Robson (1824-1892); William Fraser Tolmie (1812-1886); William M. Brown (1838-1882); John Foster McCreight (1827-1913); George Anthony Walkem (1834-1908); William Smithe (1842-1887); John George Barnston (ca. 1838-1883); Charles Augustus Semlin (1836-1927); William Archibald Robertson (1832-1926); William James Armstrong (1826-1915); Simeon Duck (1834-1905), and James Trimble (ca. 1817-1885). The person in the background standing on the veranda is Legislature janitor George Williams (from the attribution on the base of an identical photo from UBC Special Collections).
The photo includes six Premiers of BC: John Foster McCreight (1st), John Anthony Walkem (3rd and 5th), Robert Beaven (6th), William Smithe (7th), John Robson (9th), Charles A. Semlin (12th); the first Speaker of the Legislative Assembly – James Trimble, the Mayor of Victoria – A. Rocke Robertson (1870) and others.
The photo is dated 1874, as some of the initially elected Legislature members had already been replaced by new ones: A. Bunster and A. De Cosmos (Victoria District) had been replaced with W.A. Robertson and W.F. Tolmie (Feb. 1874); T.B. Humphreys (Lillooet District) had been replaced with W.M. Brown, et al.
The BC politicians are shown in front of the Legislature, the so called “Birdcages”. Built in 1859 on the south side of James Bay, across downtown Victoria, it was replaced with the current Legislature in 1894. The answer to the question about the origin of the name of the first Legislature buildings can be found in the Victoria Gazette, which in the issue from 23 October 1859 wrote: "The first of the series of these structures, which resembles in its mixed style of architecture, the latest fashion of Chinese pagoda, Swiss-cottage and Italian Villa fancy birdcages" (see: Heritage BC Stops on-line).
The photographer, Noah Shakespeare arrived to Victoria in 1863, until the late 1870s he ran his own photo gallery and worked for Amor de Cosmos at the Victoria Daily Standard. In 1875 he entered politics and in 1882 he became Mayor of Victoria and also a conservative member of the Canadian Parliament the same year (see: Canadian Dictionary of Biography in-line).


[SEYMOUR, Frederick, Governor] (1820-1869)
Speech of His Excellency the Governor at the Opening of the Legislative Council, 12th January, 1865.

[New Westminster, B.C.], [1865]. Broadside, ca. 40,5x25 cm, text printed in two columns. Period ink inscriptions on recto "Frederick Seymour 12 Jan 1865 Governor BC" and on verso “1865 Govr’s Speech”. Old fold marks, minor creases and tears on margins, a tear on the centrefold with old tape repair, but overall a very good copy.
This Incunabula of New Westminster B.C. printing is a welcome speech by Frederick Seymour, the Governor of the Colony of British Columbia, which was read in front of the second Legislative Council of the colony (1864-65). The speech relates to the main agenda of the current Council and the most significant events in the life of the colony, i.e. financial crisis and BC’s big debt, ways of fixing it – “impose a duty on the export of Gold”; prospective construction of roads in the Kootenay and Cariboo, erection of “Public Buildings” (hospitals, libraries); new tariff duties; protection of the Russian-American Telegraph “which will bring New Westminster into immediate communication with the electric systems of Asia, Europe and North Africa” etc.
Although it was only about a year until the unification of the Colony of BC and the Colony of Vancouver Island; Seymour "shall omit the promised communication respecting Union with Vancouver Island <…> I regret that the interests of two Colonies so near each other, and so remote from the Mother Country, should be in some respects antagonistic, but my duty to British Columbia is paramount, and I accept your decision. I trust that the entire separation which now takes place may ultimate relations and probably for an Union which, in some respects I cannot but consider to be desirable."
Text reproduced in: Journals of the Legislative Council of British Columbia, from the 12th December 1864, to the 11th April 1865 <…> Being the Second Session of the Legislative Council of British Columbia. New Westminster: Government Printing Office, 1865, p. 10-13.
Not in Lowther.


[Early Post Fire Vancouver Imprint Listing Properties and Prices in the West End]: Price List of Lots for Sale of Subdivision of Lot 185 City of Vancouver.
[Vancouver, ca. 1886]. Broadside, Folio, ca. 33,5x21,5 cm. Centrefold, paper slightly browned around edges with some very minor marginal tears, otherwise a very good copy.
With: [Cheque of the Corporation of Vancouver for $15.00 Payable to the Union Steam Ship Co. Of B.C., signed by D[avid] Oppenheimer as Mayor]. Vancouver, Bank of British Columbia, 21 April, 1891. Ca. 23x11 cm. Printed and finished in brown ink, with paid stamps on recto and endorsement by Wm. Cargill on verso. Two short minor marginal tears at bottom and left margin, creased at lower left corner, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare early Vancouver broadside. Early post-fire Vancouver imprint listing properties and prices in the district lot 185, now the Downtown West End. The lot stretches from Seaton to Pacific street, affecting fourteen streets in total: Seaton (after 1915 – West Hastings, continuation of Hastings west of Burrard), Melville, Georgia, Alberni, Robson, Hara, Barclay, Nelson, Comox, Pendrell, Davie, Burnaby, Harwood, and Pacific. The prices for 33’x132’ blocks differ from $225 (Harwood, Burnaby streets) to $600 for the lots on Seaton Street – a residence of local rich people called “Blueblood Alley”.
David Oppenheimer (1834–1897) was a successful entrepreneur and the second mayor of Vancouver (1888-1891). He “did extensive business with the Canadian Pacific Railway during its construction through the mountains of British Columbia in the 1880s <…>. Realizing the railway's importance, the Oppenheimer Brothers firm had joined the Vancouver Land and Improvement Company in 1878 to purchase land near its western terminus” (Wikipedia).
“Although the brothers did not move to the fledgling community of Granville (Vancouver) until late 1885 or early 1886, David had begun to acquire prime land there as early as 1878, when he persuaded several partners to join him in buying 300 acres on Burrard Inlet. In the summer of 1884 he and other Victoria capitalists bought more land at Coal Harbour and English Bay, lobbied the provincial government to assist the CPR in extending its line westward from Port Moody, and encouraged other landowners to join them in donating about 175 acres to the railway. After the CPR officially announced the extension of its line to Granville, Oppenheimer continued, at least until 1886, to buy more land at government auction. At the beginning of 1887 the assessed value the Oppenheimer Brothers’ holdings, through their Vancouver Improvement Company, was $125,000, the largest after the CPR ($1,000,000) and the Hastings Saw Mill ($250,000)” (Dictionary of Canadian Biography on-line).


[Anonymous Large Photograph Panorama of Vladivostok].

Ca. 1890s. Large folding albumen print panorama ca. 24x74 cm (9 ½ x 29 ¼ in), dissected in two parts and mounted on original card. Unsigned. Beautiful sharp strong image, this panorama is in near fine condition.
Beautiful panorama of downtown Vladivostok looking east, with the Golden Horn Bay and numerous naval and commercial ships on the right, and Eagle’s Nest Hill on the left. The central part of the panorama shows a perfect overview of the city’s downtown core – the conjunction of Svetlanskaya and Aleutskaya Streets, with busy commercial and residential developments. Among the buildings shown are: Vladivostok Dormition Cathedral (completed in 1899, destroyed by Soviet government in 1938); rails and cars of the Trans-Siberian Railroad in the foreground; newly built bank offices; city wharfs with administrative buildings et al.


[Watercolour Showing a View Looking North From Second Beach, Stanley Park, Vancouver B.C. with Coastal Mountains in the Background, Signed and Dated "F.M. Bell-Smith 1889" and titled on Verso Label]: Coast Line at New Westminster.

1889. Watercolour ca. 24,5x49,5 cm (10x20 in). Recently double matted, glazed and framed. Overall a very good watercolour.
This is a historically important painting from the end of Bell-Smith's artistic journey through the Canadian Rockies at the behest of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Vancouver was the newly completed (1885) western terminus of the CPR. "In 1887, thanks to the free Canadian Pacific Railway passes given to artists by William Cornelius Van Horne, Bell-Smith had the opportunity to fulfil one of his early dreams and see the Rockies. This was a defining moment: for him, reportedly, the mountains forever after “beckoned the enraptured pilgrim to explore their mysteries and their shrines.” Over the next three decades he would visit the Rockies at least eleven times, and such mountain landscapes as The silent sentinel of the north, Heart of the Selkirks, and An ice-crowned monarch of the Rockies became a staple of his output. As an artist, Bell-Smith represented the late-19th-century manner of presenting a subject so as to arouse in the viewer the kinds of emotions evoked by narrative fiction. Working mostly in watercolours and oils, he was popular and prolific, usually producing small, easily marketable pictures meant to grace middle-class homes" (Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online).


13. CHAPPE D'AUTEROCHE, l'Abbe Jean (1722-1769)
Voyage en Sibérie, fait par ordre du roi en 1761; contenant les moeurs, les usages des Russes, et l'etat actuel de cette puissance; la description géographique & le nivellement de la route de Paris à Tobolsk; l'histoire naturelle de la même route; des observations astronomiques, & des expériences sur l'électricité naturelle: enrichi de cartes géographiques, de plans, de profils du terrein; de gravures qui représentent les usages des Russes, leurs moeurs, leurs habillements, les divinités des Calmouks, & plusieurs morceaux d'histoire naturelle. Par M. l'abbé Chappe d'Auteroche.
[A Journey into Siberia, made by order of the King of France... containing an Account of the Manners and Customs of the Russians, the Present State of Their Empire: with the Natural History, and Geographical Description of Their Country, the Level of the Road from Paris to Tobolsky]; [With]: Contenant la Description du Kamtchatka ... Par M. Kracheninnikov [The History of Kamtschatka, and the Kurilski Islands, with the countries adjacent].

Paris: Debure, 1768. First Edition. Text: 2 vols. in 3 Small Folio & Elephant Folio Atlas. [iv], xxx, [ii], 347; [iv], 347-777; xvi, 627, [i], [ii], [ii]. Engraved frontispiece, 3 engraved maps, 53 engraved plates, some folding, 1 engraved table, and engraved title vignettes, after Moreau le Jeune and Le Prince; atlas volume with engraved frontispiece index and 30 engraved maps, many folding, some hand-coloured in outline. The text volume in period brown elaborately gilt tooled mottled full calf with maroon gilt morocco labels and atlas in period green gilt titled full vellum. Atlas with some mild foxing, otherwise a very good set in very original condition.
This work has "splendid and accurate engravings and.., [gives a] powerful description of manners and character" (Cox I p.352); "This work deserves attention for its attractive and accurate engravings, and for its forthright and sometimes provocative descriptions of Russian manners and character. Certain of these descriptions inspired the publication of an indignant rebuttal, sometimes attributed to Catherine the Great. Chappe d'Auteroche was a French priest and astronomer, who travelled to Siberia to observe the transit of Venus in 1761. The present work includes meteorological observations, descriptions of the climate, animals, birds, and insects, notes on the iron ore, copper, and gold mines, etc. Chappe d'Auteroche's translation of Stepan Petrovich Krasheninnikov's description of Kamchatka from the first Russian edition of 1755.., His translation of Krasheninnikov's Kamchatka contains considerable material on Alaska and the northwest coast of America" (Hill 277); "In 1761, by the order of the king of France, and by arrangement with Catherine II, he undertook an expedition into Siberia to observe the transit of Venus. From Paris he reached St. Petersburg, then sledged to Tobolsk, where in June 1761 the transit was duly observed. The expedition carried out a large number of scientific measurements en route, and reported on the geography of the region and the customs of its inhabitants" (Howgego C101).


14. SOLD

15. DOUGLAS, James, Sir (1803-1877)
[Official Proclamation of New Westminster to Become the First Capital of B.C.]: British Columbia. V.R. Proclamation. By His Excellency, James Douglas, Companion of the Most Honorable Order of Bath, Governor and Commander-In-Chief of British Columbia, Vice Admiral of the Same &c. Whereas, Her Majesty the Queen has been graciously pleased to decide that the capital of British Columbia shall be styled the city of New Westminster; now therefore, I, James Douglas, do hereby declare and proclaim that the town heretofore called and known as Queensborough, and sometimes as Queenborough, in the Colony of British Columbia, shall henceforth be called and known as New Westminster and shall be so described in all legal processes and Official Documents.

[Victoria], [20 July 1859]. Quarto. Broadside with the Royal Arms of the British Empire. Fine copy.
Historically important early proclamation, which establishes the seat of government of the new Colony.
The Colony of British Columbia was established on 2 August, 1858, with Sir James Douglas (1803-1877) as its first Governor. Douglas was also the Governor of the Colony of Vancouver Island and ruled both colonies from Victoria. This broadside establishes New Westminster as the first capital of the Colony of British Columbia – however, the colony continued to be governed from Victoria during Douglas’ term, until 1864. The new governor, Frederick Seymour (1820-1869) resided in New Westminster in 1864-66, after that the two colonies were united, and the seat of government moved to Victoria once again.
The text of the colony is reproduced in: Further Papers relative to the Affairs of British Columbia. Part III. London, 1860, p. 39. Not in Lowther.


[Bird's-Eye Panoramic View of] Victoria, B. C. 1889.

Victoria B.C.: Ellis & Co., Publishers of "The Colonist", 1889. Tinted lithograph, printed image ca. 65x100 cm (26 x 40 in). With a couple of very minor repaired marginal tears, not affecting printed image. Mounted in a recent mat and attractively framed in a black wooden molded frame. A near fine lithograph.
Rare as Worldcat only locates nine copies. This large lithographic panoramic view shows Victoria B.C. As viewed from a bird's eye from the Strait of San Juan Fuca looking north. This view includes a key which identifies 63 places of interest.
"Erected in 1843 as a Hudson's Bay Company trading post on a site originally called Camosun (the native word was "camosack", meaning "rush of water") known briefly as "Fort Albert", the settlement was renamed Fort Victoria in 1846, in honour of Queen Victoria. The Songhees established a village across the harbour from the fort. The Songhees' village was later moved north of Esquimalt. When the crown colony was established in 1849, a town was laid out on the site and made the capital of the colony. The Chief Factor of the fort, James Douglas was made the second governor of the Vancouver Island Colony (Richard Blanshard was first governor, Arthur Edward Kennedy was third and last governor), and would be the leading figure in the early development of the city until his retirement in 1864 <…>
With the discovery of gold on the British Columbia mainland in 1855, Victoria became the port, supply base, and outfitting centre for miners on their way to the Fraser Canyon gold fields, mushrooming from a population of 300 to over 5000 literally within a few days. Victoria was incorporated as a city in 1862. In 1865, Esquimalt was made the North Pacific home of the Royal Navy, and remains Canada's west coast naval base. In 1866 when the island was politically united with the mainland, Victoria was designated the capital of the new united colony instead of New Westminster - an unpopular move on the Mainland - and became the provincial capital when British Columbia joined the Canadian Confederation in 1871" (Wikipedia); Reps 38.


17. FEDIX, P.A.
L'Oregon et les Cotes de l'Ocean Pacifique du Nord. aperçu géographique, statistique et politique, avec une carte du pays d'après les documens les plus récens. [Oregon and the North Pacific Coast, a geographical, statistical and political overview, with a map of the country according to the most recent documents].

Paris: Librairie de Amyot, 1846. First Edition. Octavo. ix, 258 pp. With a large folding outline hand coloured map. Period style brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards, with original printed paper wrappers bound in. A fine copy.
"Relates almost entirely to the political aspects of Oregon at that time" (Cowan 1952, p.84). "Copies in wrappers are rare. Overland expeditions; sea voyages; fur trade; English establishments; American settlements; Oregon boundary dispute between Spain and Russia; Spain and England; England and the United States; the rights of Great Britain; U. S. Rights, etc. Monsieur Fedix, after an exhaustive and extensive research, concludes that the country belongs to neither the United States nor Great Britain, but to Oregon and the Oregonians, and urges the settlers to kick out the whole caboodle and establish an independent Republic of their own" (Eberstadt 134:563); "Proposes that world powers maintain Oregon as an independency to serve as an international trade center for the Pacific" (Howes F70); Sabin 24000.


18. JÖRGENSEN, Gotfred Emile, B.C. Department of Lands and Works
Map of the Province of British Columbia Compiled by Direction of the Honourable G.B. Martin Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works. Compiled and Drawn in the Department of Lands and Works by Gotfred Jorgensen C.E.

Victoria: [printed in: Montreal: Sabiston Lith. & Pub. Co], 1895. Colour lithographed varnished map ca. 114x135,5 cm, mounted on linen on original hardwood rollers. Minor dust soiling, cracking on the upper and left margins, overall a very good map.
This large detailed map prepared by the B.C. Department of Lands and Works was the standard for BC for at least 15 years, superseding earlier maps as it was based on the extensive surveys undertaken after the completion of the CPR. The map outlines the districts of the province which “indicate land recording districts” (see the legend): Coast District, Cariboo, Cassiar, Kootenay, Yale, Lillooet, New Westminster, several districts on Vancouver Island (Nootka, Clayoquot, Barklay, Renfrew et al) and others. Among the places shown are incorporated cities, land and mining recording offices, post and telegraph offices, mining camps, Indian villages and missions, Hudson Bay posts, railroads, “waggon roads”, trails. The note underneath the legend says: “Districts outlined on this map. With two inset maps “Graphic Outline of the Dominion of Canada Showing relative position of British Columbia” and “Map Showing Geographical Relation between Canada and Europe”. Overall a fundamental BC map!


19. KOTZEBUE, Otto von (1787-1846)
Entdeckungs-Reise in die Süd-See und nach der Berings-Strasse zur Erforschung einer nordöstlichen Durchfahrt: unternommen in den Jahren 1815, 1816, 1817 und 1818 auf Kosten Sr. Erlaucht des Herrn Reichs-Kanzlers Grafen Rumanzoff auf dem Schiffe Rurick unter dem Befehle des Lieutenants der Russisch-Kaiserlichen Marine, Otto von Kotzebue [A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea, and Beerings Straits, for the Purpose of Exploring a North-East Passage, undertaken in the Years 1815--1818, at the Expense of his Highness the Chancellor of the Empire, Count Romanzoff, in the Ship Rurick, under the Command of the Lieutenant in the Russian Imperial Navy, Otto Von Kotzebue].

Weimar: Gebruedern Hoffmann, 1821. First Edition. Quarto 3 vols. in one. xviii, [iii], 168; 176; [i], 240 pp. 6 engraved maps, 5 folding, 19 hand-coloured aquatint plates from drawings by Choris, 4 double-page, 1 black and white plate, Handsome brown period style elaborately gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards. With an expertly removed library marking on title page, otherwise a near fine copy.
"First Edition on laid paper with all the aquatint plates finely coloured by hand, of the second Russian circumnavigation and the first for scientific purposes, sponsored by Count Romanzoff, one of Russia's greatest patrons of the sciences. It proved to be one of the most important and fruitful of all Russian circumnavigations, contributing greatly to knowledge of the South Seas, Pacific Northwest and Alaska, although without finding the North-West Passage (here termed the North-East by Kotzebue). [Kotzebue] commanded the Rurick and knew the North Pacific well from his earlier voyage with Krusenstern. With him were Louis Choris, expedition artist, and Adelbert von Chamisso, naturalist. Their valuable study of Pacific islands included Easter Island, the Tuamotus, Marshalls and the newly-discovered Romanzoff Islands, and Kotzebue's reports on coral atolls were later used by Charles Darwin. Reaching Kamchatka they passed through Bering Strait, explored Kotzebue Sound, and investigated the Pribilof Islands and Aleutians, recording excellent descriptions of the Chukchis, Aleuts and Eskimos. Before crossing the Pacific they made stops on the California coast, at San Francisco, followed by a long stay in Hawaii at the court of King Kamehameha I, handsomely portrayed by Choris. Choris' own illustrated account of the voyage was published in 1822" (Christies).
"The second Russian expedition into the Pacific for scientific exploration, sponsored by Count Romanzoff, was commanded by Lieutenant Kotzebue, and also included the famous artist Ludovik Choris. Kotzebue had also sailed with Captain Kruzenshtern in 1803-06. Leaving Kronstadt in 1815, the Rurik rounded Cape Horn and visited Chile, Easter Island, and the Marshall Islands. Kotzebue explored the North American coast and Hawaii and searched unsuccessfully for a passage to the Arctic Ocean. The description of the northwest coast of America is a most important contribution" (Hill 943); Arctic Bibliography 9195. "A Celebrated narrative important for its descriptions of Alaska, California, Hawaii and Micronesia" (Forbes 525); Howgego 1800-1850, K20; "The three volumes are rich in early original source material on Alaska" (Lada-Mocarski 80); Sabin 38284.


20. KRUSENSTERN, Adam Johann von (1770-1846)
& UKHTOMSKY, Andrei Grigorievich (1771-1852)
"Grobnitsa Kapitana Klerka v Petropavlovske. Captain Clerkes Grabmal im Hafen St. Peter und Paul" [Captain Clerkes’ Tomb in Petropavlovsk. Copper engraving from "Atlas k Puteshestviiu Vokrug Sveta Kapitana Krusensterna" (Atlas to the Travels of Captain Krusenstern Around the World)].

Saint Petersburg: Morskaya Typ., 1813. Uncoloured engraving ca. 34x52 cm (13 ½ x 20 ½ in). Title in Russian and German. With a couple of minor repaired tears not affecting image, otherwise a very good strong copper engraving.
Plate XVIII from the Russian edition of the Atlas of Krusenstern’s circumnavigation in 1803-1806. The complete Atlas is a great rarity with only one copy found in Worldcat, but separate engravings are also very rare even in Russia. The Atlas contained 109 engraved plates and was one of the most luxurious Russian editions of the beginning of the 19th century, being issued on funds of the Cabinet of the Russian Emperor and costing 15 thousand roubles - a huge sum of money at the time.
The engraving depicts the tomb of Charles Clerke (1741-1779), a participant in all three James Cook’s circumnavigations who after Cook’s death in 1779 took the command of the third expedition and continued searching for the Northwest Passage. Clerke is notable for being the author of the first account of Captain Cook’s death, as his letter to the Admiralty mentioning Cook’s murder on Hawaii and written in Kamchatka on June 8, 1779, was first published as a pamphlet in Reval in 1780 (Hawaiian National Bibliography 18).
Clerke died from tuberculosis not far from Kamchatka and was buried in Petropavlovsk, next to the grave of another explorer, Louis Delisle de la Croyère (about 1685-1741). The latter participated in Vitus Bering’s expedition to the North Pacific in 1741 and as many other expedition members, including Bering himself, died on the hard way back to Kamchatka. The sailors from Krusenstern’s expedition while staying in Petropavlovsk in September 1805, renewed the tombs constructing a wooden pyramid with commemorative boards above both graves. Krusenstern described this event in the account. This plate shows how connected the first explorers of the North Pacific were.
The engraving was made from the drawing from life by Wilhelm Gottlieb Tilesius von Tilenau (1769-1857), German naturalist and artist who participated in Krusenstern’s expedition. The engraver, Andrey Ukhtomsky was a prominent Russian artist, a member of the Russian Academy of Arts (1808), the head of the printing house of the Academy, and the curator of the Academy’s library.


21. LISIANSKY, Urey (1773-1837)
Voyage Round the World in the Years 1803, 1804, 1805 and 1806 Performed by Order of His Imperial Majesty Alexander the First, Emperor of Russia in the ship Neva.

London: John Booth & Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, & Brown, 1814. First Edition. Quarto. [xxiv], 388 pp. With a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, three other engraved plates, eight copper engraved hand colored maps (some folding), and two hand colored aquatints. Original publisher's brown papered boards. Expertly re-backed in style, several plates with very mild offsetting, an uncut near fine copy in very original condition.
"Originally published in Russian at St. Petersburg, 1812, this English translation of 1814 is by the author. Lisianskii, deputy commander of Kruzenshtern's expedition around the world, received word of the massacre at Sitka upon reaching Kodiak in 1804. The Kolosh Indians had attacked the settlement of the Russian-American Company and slaughtered almost the entire garrison. Lisianskii laid siege to the Kolosh stronghold and ultimately drove the Indians into the back country. Lisianskii, commanding the Neva, followed a different route from Kruzenshtern, in the Nadezhda, the two ships separating at the Hawaiian Islands. He called at Easter Island and the Marquesas, and discovered Lisianski Island in the Hawaiian Chain. Appended are vocabularies of the language of Nuku Hiva, the Hawaiian Islands, the Islands of Kodiak and Unalaska, the Bay of Kenai, and Sitka Sound" (Hill 1026). Forbes 443. Sabin 41416.
"Highly important work on Sitka, Kodiak and other parts of the northwest coast" (Howes L372). "Ranks in value with Cook and Vancouver as a contribution to geographical knowledge on the N. W. Coast, Sandwich Islands, etc. The colored plates are of unsurpassed beauty" (Wright Howes 56-259). Smith 2255.
"Most important work dealing with discoveries on the N.W. coast of America. The author was a captain in the Russian navy and commander of the “Neva.” He visited Kodiak and Sitka, wintering at the former island, and his long stay there gave him ample time and scope for a study of the native inhabitants and their habits and customs. The long chart shows the track of the voyage, and there are charts of the Washington Islands, Cadiack, and the Harbor of St. Paul, the coast from Bering’s Bay to Sea Otter Bay, Sitka or Norfolk Sound, etc.; with colored views of the Harbor of St. Paul in the Island of Cadiack. and New Archangel in Norfolk Sound. There are also plates of Indian implements, etc. The work is important also as the principal source for the Sitka Massacre" (Soliday 873).
"The naturalist, Langsdorff’s account is of particular importance for its scientific observations, and, like Krusenstern’s, for the history and geographical discoveries in the Aleutian Islands, the Northwest Coast, and California. Further, it contains information respecting the Russian voyages and discoveries in the Northern Ocean, the Russian fur trade and the Russian-American Company. According to Sabin, it affords ‘a fuller account of Sitka and of the settlement of San Francisco than any other’" (Eberstadt 119-025).


22. MOODY, Rufus (1923-1998)
[A Pair of Argillite Bookends in the Form of Totem Poles in Front of Long Houses, Signed]: "Haida Carving by Rufus Moody, Skidgate Q.C.I.".

Ca. 1960. Bookends ca. 16,5x14,5x11 cm (6 ½ x 6 x 4 ½ in). Attractive argillite carvings in fine condition.
Unusual and rare pair of argillite bookends in the form of totem poles in front of long houses.
"Rufus Moody was born in Skidegate village, Haida Gwaii, on the Queen Charlotte Islands...,
Rufus Moody is the son of Arthur Moody and grandson of Thomas, both who were renowned argillite carvers. The three generations of artists created a hereditary style, which was distinctive from other argillite artists. Rufus made his living solely as an artist and became one of the most prolific artists in the medium.
In the late 1950s, Rufus Moody in Skidegate and Claude Davidson in Masset began a teaching program to encourage and teach young Haida artists to carve. At the time, argillite was more readily available in larger pieces and Rufus began to carve very large works. He is accredited with carving the largest argillite pole, although there is some dispute over which of his major works is truly the largest. One of these poles is in the Museum of Anthropology, while another is in the Queen Charlotte Museum in Skidegate" (Spirit Wrestler Gallery).


23. MUELLER, G[erhard] P. [Friedrich] (1705-1783)
[Voyages and Discoveries made by the Russians]: Voyages et Découvertes faites par les Russes le long des côtes de la Mer Glaciale et sur l'Océan Oriental, tant vers le Japon que vers l'Amerique. On y a joint L’Histoire du fleuve Amur et des pays adjacens, depuis la conquête des Russes [Voyages and Discoveries made by the Russians along the coast of the Arctic Ocean and the Eastern Ocean, both in Japan and America. With the History of the River Amur and adjacent countries, since the conquest by Russia] / Translated from the German into French by C.G.F. Dumas.

Amsterdam: Marc-Michel Rey, 1766. First French edition. Small Octavo, 2 vols. in one. x, [2] 388; iv, 207 [25 Table des Matieres, Advertisements] pp. With a large folding engraved map. Handsome period full polished mottled calf, spine gilt lettered with red morocco label, edges coloured. A near fine copy.
The first French translation of Müller’s very important description of the Great Northern Expedition to Kamchatka and the Northwest coast of America (1733-43) under the command of Vitus Bering and with a history of Russian discoveries in the Arctic and Pacific oceans made up to 1749. The book was published for the first time in Saint Petersburg in 1758; both a Russian (in ‘Ezhemesiachnie Sochineniia’ magazine, Jan-May, Jul-Nov 1758) and a German (Sammlung Russischer Geschichte, B. III) versions were issued the same year.
The significance of Müller’s work is found in the many first hand reports and manuscript accounts discovered by him in Yakutsk and Irkutsk archives while working there as a member of Bering’s expedition. His publications were the main source of original material for both European and Russian scientific communities. As Sabin notes, it is "indispensable for the history of discovery and exploration in the Northern Pacific." Professor Golder considered Miller’s work "the most important book" about Bering’s expedition and added that "although a lot of ink and paper has been spent to describe Bering’s voyage since then [1758], little has been added to what had been already known to us from Müller’s work" (Golder, Bering’s Voyages, vol. 1. New York, 1922, p. 352-353).
Müller compiled his work as a refutation to a somewhat controversial publication by Nicolas Delisle who had left Russian Academy of Sciences with a scandal in 1747. Delisle account based on intelligence gathered by his brother, Delisle de la Croyère, who was an astronomer of Bering’s expedition 1733-43. Nicolas Delisle’s map "Carte des nouvelles découvertes au nord de la mer du Sud, tant à l’est de la Sibérie et du Kamtschatka," and the text explanation "Explication de la carte des nouvelles découvertes" (both published in Paris, 1752) contained several significant errors and inaccuracies. On special assignment of the President of Russian Academy, Müller made a map entitled "Nouvelle Carte decouvertes faites par des vaisseaux Russiens aux cotes inconnues de l'Amerique Septentrionale avec les Pais Adiacents" which was first published in 1754 (only a few copies printed, Lada-Mocarski) and then in 1758, with significant additions and improvements it was re-issued. The map showed the territory from the Ob river to the Pacific, and "confirmed the existence of a body of water between Asia and America, the subject of much dispute prior to that time; it was the first to give an approximate picture of what is now the Alaskan peninsula" (Lathrop Harper Auctions). This 1758 map was included in the first French edition.
One of the most notable paragraphs of Müller’s work contains the first description of Semen Dezhnev’s expedition through the strait between Asia and America in 1648, which will be later called Bering Strait, thus determining that Dezhnev was the discoverer of the strait. "This fact was forgotten in the following 88 years and would be completely lost if it were not for Müller’s search in the archives of Yakutsk" (Lada-Mocarski, p. 78).
Müller also tried to give a historical proof for Russia’s rights for Bering Strait and the adjacent American territories. The same goal lies behind the second article, which describes the Amur River and all its tributaries. It was compiled in 1740 on the urgent assignment from Russian Empress Anna Ioannovna, who wanted to use it as a basis for establishing the new border with China. Müller notes about Amur’s importance in possible future navigations to Japan, Kamchatka, trade with India and China and very carefully hints at the possibilities of Russian colonial annexations in the Pacific: "our intentions about Japan and the American discoveries will be easier to realise." The article was first published in Russian in 1757 (‘Ezhemesiachnie Sochineniia, Jul-Oct); and in German in Büsching’s Magazin (Bd II).
The book is supplemented with an index of subjects and personal and geographical names, and Rey’s catalogue of books to sale. "This French translation by Charles Guillaume Frédéric Dumas (ca. 1725-1780) is said to be fuller and far superior to the English translation published by Jefferys in 1761"(Hill 1201); Howes M-875; Sabin 51286; Wickersham 6333; Wagner, Cartography, 615; Lada-Mocarski (German & English editions. Only) 15 & 17: Miller, History of Siberia (3 vols., Moscow, 2000-2005).


24. PALLIN, Hugo Nikolaus (1880-1953)
[Six Photograph Albums with 516 Original Photographs of Pallin’s Mountaineering Expedition to West Greenland, 1936].

Six albums, all Oblong Folio (ca. 24x33 cm): five with 12 leaves, one with 6 leaves. 1936. In total 516 images, the vast majority ca. 8,5x12,5 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ¾ in) or slightly smaller, mounted on stiff cardboard leaves. Over 30 images with period pencil captions and notes on verso in Swedish. All albums original, cardboard or imitation leather, stitched through on top and bottom of spines. One album with the rear board bent, some with boards slightly rubbed or soiled, otherwise a very good collection with bright, strong images.
[With: A Presentation Copy of the Printed Account of the Expedition]: PALLIN, H.N. Mountains and Glaciers in West Greenland.
London: Spottiswoode, Ballantyne & Co, 1937. Offprint from "The Alpine Journal," November 1937. Octavo. 190-202, [1] p. With 3 plates (1 folding). Original publisher’s wrapper. With Pallin’s presentation inscription on the front wrapper "To Mr. Donald W. Brown, with compliments from H.N. Pallin." Near fine copy.
A unique extensive collection documenting Hugo Pallin’s mountaineering and glacier research expedition to West Greenland in summer 1936. He proceeded from Copenhagen on the SS Hans Egede and went along the coast of Western Greenland, visiting Umanak (Uummannaq), Nugssuaq (Nuussuaq) Peninsula (Uummannaq district) and Pröven. After that he went up north on the coast schooner Sigrid to Upernavik Island, and extensively climbed it in the vicinity of its highest peak Sanderson’s Hope. Together with J. Bjarnow, the district medical officer in Upernavik town, Pallin proceeded up north on motorboat to Melville Bay, usually inaccessible in summer, as the main destination. There the party made several ascents of Devil’s Thumb, Cape Seddon, mountains of Holms Island, Nuussuaq Peninsula (Upernavik Archipelago) and a number of small islands. In the end of his journey Pallin also went to the Wegener Peninsula, a site of the fourth and last expedition to Greenland (1930) of a renowned German polar researcher Alfred Wegener (1880-1930). Pallin went across the Qaumarujuk Glacier and examined Wegener’s winter house erected on the inland ice.
The photographs taken by Pallin himself, give a detailed account of the expedition and cover from the departure from Copenhagen to the final trip across the Wegener peninsula. Pallin’s mountaineering trips are documented at great length, including artistic views of surrounding landscape (mountains, glaciers, ocean, waterways) and close up views of the routes; portraits of Pallin, his companions and guides (e.g. Native Greenlander Martin Hammud and J. Bjarnow), shots taken on board Hans Egede and Sigrid et al. A series of pictures from the site of Alfred Wegener’s expedition is significant, showing the winter house, the remains of Wegener’s innovative propeller-driven snowmobile and numerous abandoned canisters with gasoline, some of which Pallin’s party took with them. Other images include several scenes on the SS Hans Egede on its way from Denmark, with its crew and passengers, and ships met on the way; views of Greenland towns and coastal settlements, several churches (including new Upernavik church built in 1926). There are also quite a few vivid images of the Greenland natives - kayakers, families, children, scenes in the settlements and on board Hans Egede and Sigrid.
The albums contain the originals of all eight images and two large panoramas (divided into four parts) published in Pallin’s articles "Mountains and Glaciers in West Greenland" which is added to the set. Overall a beautiful collection created and assembled with real inspiration. Pallin recounted:
"The view over Umanak fjord from this terrace was one of the most magnificent I have seen. Above the tide waters of the fjord rose a grand Alpine landscape. On the surface of the pale turquoise-blue water floated innumerable icebergs, looking from up here like the white sails of a squadron of pleasure yachts. The icebergs were calving unceasingly in the great summer heat, and the roar of the calving sounded like the cannonade from a naval battle" (Mountains and Glaciers, p. 193-194).
"Hugo Nikolaus (‘Nils’) Pallin was a Swedish civil engineer, a keen alpinist and traveller. He achieved the first winter ascent of Kebnekaise (2123 m.), Sweden's highest mountain, in 1908, of Sarektjakko in 1916, and of Kaskasatjakko in 1920. He also climbed several other 2000 m. Peaks in Swedish Lapland. He described some of his adventures in Kebnekaise. Färder och äventyr i Lappland (Stockholm, 1927). In 1920-21 he accompanied Otto Nordenskiöld’s expedition to West Patagonia as cartographer, and himself led geographical parties to Spitsbergen in 1922, 1923, and 1928, to Iceland in 1935, and to West Greenland in 1936. In 1937 he published a work entitled Mountains and glaciers in West Greenland" (Polar Record. Vol. 7. Issue 50. May 1955. P. 431).
"Pallin was a secretary of the Lapland Mountaineering club (1920), one of the founders and first president of the Swedish Army Reserve Association (1924), a member of the British Alpine Club (1929) et al. He discovered several new 2000-meter peaks in Lapland and conducted a ski trip from the Arctic Ocean to the Kattegat (1927-28). He was the author of over 10 books and publications about mountaineering, including map of Mt. Akkafjället (1920), "Swedish mountain catalog" (Svensk fjällkatalog, 1922), which was purchased by the Swedish Tourist Association, and a revised edition of Petrus Tillaeus’ famous map of Stockholm (1925). Pallin was the editor of "The Road" ("Vägen") magazine since 1936" (Wikipedia).


25. PEDDER, John (1850-1929) & CAINE, William Sproston (1842-1903)
[Collection of Eighteen Watercolours and Drawings of the Canadian Rockies and British Columbia with two Drawings of Niagara and Japan. Sixteen of These Works were used to Illustrate the Book by W.S. Caine M.P.: "A Trip Around the World in 1887-8" London: Routledge, 1888].

British Columbia, [1887-8]. Eighteen watercolours and ink drawings, individually matted. Housed in a recent black cloth clamshell box, with a maroon gilt titled morocco label. The collection is in very good condition.
W.S. Caine, a British politician and Temperance advocate, started his around world journey in Liverpool and then crossed the Atlantic to Quebec, where he went overland crossing Canada to B.C., and then continued his trip to Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ceylon and India. With the exception of one Niagara picture and one drawing in Japan, all of these works were done in the Canadian Rockies or British Columbia. Caine produced four of the works while John Pedder produced the remaining fourteen. The B.C. Archives holds an additional four of Pedder's B.C. Ink drawings used as illustrations in the book. Caine and Pedder were skilled artists in both ink and watercolour, which is clearly shown in this collection:
1) "The Whirlpool Rapids - Niagara." (Illustration p.31) Ink drawing, 5½ x 6¾ inches.
2) "Calgary Canada - Rocky Mountains in Distance." (By W.S. Caine) (Illustration p.59) Watercolour with touches of gouache, over pencil, 4¼ x 7½ inches.
3) "The Bow River leaving the Rocky Mountains at the Gap. Near Calgary Canada." (Illustration p.69 "The Gap: Entrance to the Rocky Mountains) Initialed: "J P." watercolour with touches of gouache, over pencil, 8¼ x 14 inches.
4) "Castle Mountain Range - National Park - Rocky Mountains - Canada." (By W.S. Caine) (Illustration p.72 "Castle Mountain") Ink drawing, 4¼ x 8 inches. Backed. A few small holes in upper border and margin.
5) "The National Park. Rocky Mountains. Canada." (Illustration p.73 "View of Banff from above the Sanatorium" ) Initialed: "J P." watercolour and ink with touches of gouache, over pencil, 7¼ x 12¼ inches.
6) "Cascade Mountain - National Park - Rocky Mountains - Canada." (By W.S. Caine) (Illustration p.80). Ink drawing, 4¼ x 8 inches. Backed. A few small holes in upper border and margin
7) "W.S. And Hannah Caine on the Bow River - Rocky Mountains - Canada." (Illustration p.81) Signed: "J. Pedder." watercolour with touches of gouache, over pencil, 8¼ x 12 inches. Backed. Margins chipped; short, clean tear affecting inch and a half near lower border (repaired).
8) ["Vermillion Lake, National Park"]. (Illustration p.85) Watercolour with touches of gouache, 6¾ x 10½ inches. Backed. Margins chipped with one-inch tear above lower border (repaired).
9) "Canadian Pacific Railway Hotel -National Park - Canada" (Illustration p.91) Initialed: "J P." Ink drawing, 8½ x 4 ½inches.
10) "The Hermit Range Selkirk Mountains." (Illustration p.92) Watercolour with touches of gouache, 5¾ x 6 inches (entire sheet).
11) "Summit Lake Rocky Mountains." (Illustration p.93) Initialed: "J P." Ink, 8¾ x 6½ inches (entire sheet). Mounted. Margins chipped.
12) [Kicking Horse Pass]. (Illustration p.96) Initialed: "J P." Ink drawing, 6¼ x 10½ inches.
13) ["The Monarchs of the Rocky Mountains - Cathedral Peak - Mount Stephen"]. (Illustration p.99) Watercolour with touches of gouache, over pencil, 8¼ x 13 inches.
14) ["Mount Sir Donald and the Great Glacier"]. (Illustration p.107) Signed: "J. Pedder Dec." Watercolour and ink with touches of gouache, over pencil, 8½ x 12½ inches.
15) "Indians catching Salmon - Fraser River - British Columbia." (Illustration p.121) Mounted. Image 5½ x 6 inches. Margins chipped.
16) "Nikko Japan."(By W.S. Caine) (Illustration p.176 "Row of Buddhas at Nikko: Nan-Tai-San Mountains in the Distance) Ink drawing, 6¼ x 10½ inches. One and a half inches loss of top surface of paper near lower border.
Not Illustrated in the Book:
17) "Above St. Andre...[?]. Dated...[?] 24/[8?]6." Pencil, heightened in white, on blue paper, 9¾ x 13¼ inches. Short tear in upper edge.
18) [Untitled illustration of Rocky Mountains]. Watercolour with touches of gouache, 7 x 10 inches.


26. RIZEK, Emil (1901-1988)
[Signed and Dated Oil Painting, Titled on Verso Label]: Totem Poles (Stanley Park, Vancouver B.C.).

[Vancouver, B.C.], 1932. Oil painting on canvas ca. 76,8x49,5 cm (30 ¼ x 19 ½ in). The painting has been expertly restored and mounted on a new canvas with the original CPR label mounted on verso. In a handsome recent black molded wooden frame with gilt highlights, overall an excellent painting.
Emil Rizek was an important Austrian painter who traveled widely throughout his lifetime and produced many of his paintings while travelling. By the time he had produced the present work, he had already travelled extensively throughout Europe, Japan, South Africa, Indonesia, United States and Canada. His works include landscapes, local people, cityscapes and scenes of everyday life.
This painting shows three totem poles that stand in Vancouver’s Stanley Park. The poles were first installed in the park in the 1920s as part of a project to recreate a First Nations village by the Art, Historical and Scientific Association of Vancouver. The poles in this painting originate from Alert Bay, and the canoe pulled up to shore in the background is Kwakiutl. This canoe had been a working vessel, transporting Kwakiutl natives to gatherings before it was abandoned and then later relocated to the First Nations village, (now Klahowya Village), in Stanley Park. In 1962, all the poles were moved to Brockton Point, where more poles were added, many of which still stand today.
Notably, the center pole is Chief Wakas Pole, which originally stood in front of Chief Wakas’s house in Alert Bay and was first raised in the 1890s. Originally, the raven’s beak opened to form a ceremonial entrance to the house. Nimpkish artist Doug Cramer, who inherited Chief Wakas’s crests, carved a new replica pole in 1987. The original pole featured in this painting is now in the Museum of Civilization in Ottawa.
Overall an artistically and historically important beautiful and expressive oil painting, representing one of the best of the artist's work.
Collection of the Canadian Pacific Railway
Acquired as a gift from the above
By descent to a Private Collection, Vancouver.
Works by Rizek frequently come up for auction with many results also from Christies and Sothebys. Similar paintings from his Indonesian travels and of a similar quality to the present painting have fetched up to 116,620 USD.


[An Octant for the American Market, a Navigational Instrument Typical for the Ones in Use by the American Arctic and Pacific Whaling Ships of the Time].

London: Spencer, Browning & Co., ca. 1840. Octant ca. 31 cm (12 in) long. Wooden octant with brass fittings and ivory inlays. The ivory inlay is signed Spencer, Browning & Co., the ivory scale is initialed SBR and divided 0-100° with a vernier on 10-inch radius arm, double pin hole sights and three filters. Housed in its original wooden case with a mounted pictorial printed retailer's label of S. Thaxter & Son, Importers and Dealers in Nautical & Surveying instruments, Charts, Nautical Books, 125 State Street, Corner of Broad Street, Boston. The brass fittings are a little oxidized, but overall the octant is in very good original condition and in its original case.
"Spencer, Browning & Rust was a London firm that manufactured instruments for navigational use during the 18th and 19th centuries..., Arctic explorer Charles Francis Hall owned a Spencer, Browning & Rust sextant. The Smithsonian Institution houses four navigational instruments manufactured by Spencer, Browning & Rust in its National Museum of American History. The items include two sextants, an octant, and a telescope. American Arctic explorer Charles Francis Hall (1821–1871) owned one of the sextants. It is believed that this brass sextant was most probably with him on 30 August 1871. On that day, Hall had arrived at the furthest northern point achieved by an explorer to date" (Wikipedia).


28. TEN EYCK, Samuel
[Important Autograph Letter Signed from Samuel Ten Eyck to O.B. Throop, giving a Description of Guaymas, Mexico, his Impressions of Mexicans, and Briefly Relating his Experiences During the Fraser River Gold Rush].

Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico: April 27th, 1859. On a folded double quarto leaf. [4] pp. Brown ink on bluish paper. Blind stamp of a papermaker (Rolland Freres, Bordeaux) in the upper left corner. Housed in a later custom made blue quarter morocco clam shell box with gilt lettered spine. Old fold marks, otherwise a near fine letter.
In this letter Samuel Ten Eyck writes to his friend, Origin B. Throop, back home in Schoharie, New York, offering a description of the Mexican port city of Guaymas, Sonora, giving his assessment of Mexican attitudes toward Americans, and describing his experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
Samuel Ten Eyck came from a prominent family in New York's Schoharie County. He left Schoharie in the early 1850s, went to California in search of gold, took part in the Fraser River Gold Rush in British Columbia of 1858-1859, and then arrived in Guaymas, Mexico in the spring of 1859. He apparently went to Sonora in anticipation of that state and the surrounding Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sinaloa being annexed to the United States. The Gadsen Purchase Treaty, ratified in 1854, brought a part of northern Sonora into the United States, and there appears to have been some agitation for the United States to take more territory in the region. Such a thing did not occur, and it is unknown for how long Ten Eyck stayed in Guaymas waiting for it to happen, or where his travels took him next.
The letter begins by Ten Eyck asking Throop to make discreet inquiries to some of his friends as to why they have not corresponded with him. "I suppose you will be astonished to learn I am in this God-forsaken country. I must confess, I am astonished to find myself here, but here I am and what is still more pleasant, have a mighty fine prospect of, as it is termed in California, making my pile. I have been here but a month. On my arrival I found the country all excitement, and a revolution going on in the three states, 'Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa,' they being, I think, the tail end of creation, but they are full of silver mines and in saying that I say all that can be said in their favour. The Mexicans are the most hostile people in the world and think no more of killing an American than of taking a drink and as this is the scene of Walker's exploits and also where the unfortunate H.A. Crabb & followers were massacred, I am obliged to keep a pretty sharp look out. The women, however, are very kind & affectionate, and in case of difficulty invariably give you a warning and find a place of concealment for you. At least I have found it so on two occasions. <..,>
Guaymas, the seaport of Sonora & an old city, contains perhaps eight thousand inhabitants and being an earthquake country the houses are but one story high and mostly built of adoby [sic], which is the building material of mostly all houses in Mexico and on entering one is reminded more of a large brickyard than of a large city. <..,> I would not have come here but that the three states above named will without doubt be annexed to the U.S. - if so your humble servant is all right. I have had five years experience in California and any chance that may offer here I am on hand, in fact the pioneer."
Ten Eyck also briefly describes his experiences in British Columbia during the recent Fraser River Gold Rush: "It is as hot as blazes [in Guaymas]. I feel it more perhaps than others just having come from a northern country, as the year past I have been at Vancouver's Island & British Columbia. You of course heard of the Fraser River excitement. I was almost the first of the many thousands that rushed to that cold country. It did not prove as profitable as was anticipated, still it paid me very well, as I was able after nine months hard work to leave with a five hundred more than I took with me."
In the end Ten Eyck gives his assessment of the qualities of the women he has encountered in Guaymas, "beautiful, full of life and spirit", "very positive to us Americans" etc. A very interesting important letter, with provocative views on Mexico and a bit of information on one American's experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
O.B. Throop was the owner of the only drug store in the county which still exists today as the Schoharie pharmacy, and a Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Albany and Schoharie plank road (1862).


29. WALTON, Robert (1618-1688)
[Set of Four Continental Maps]: A New, Plaine, and Exact Map of America ... [in set with] A New Plaine, and Exact Map of Africa ... [and] A New Plaine and Exact Map of Asia ... [and] A New Plaine and Exact Map of Europe..,

London, ca. 1660. Second States. Four uncoloured copper engraved maps each ca. 42x53 cm. (16 ½ x 21 in). Maps with original folds and with margins occasionally cropped close to the plate marks but with no loss of printed surface, a little aged toned, otherwise the maps are in very good original condition.
Set of four extremely rare and important separately published continent maps. Worldcat locates two copies of America, two copies of Asia and one copy of Europe. All maps with portraits and views on all sides. "Robert Walton was one of a handful of map publishers in London during the 1650s. In 1656 he produced a world map and having clearly perceived a market for a set of the continents, completed them in 1658. The American map is derived from the sixth state of Pieter van der Keere's map issued by Nicolaas Visscher, 1652.., The fascinating depiction of California attempts to balance the many theories of the time.., A further improvement is the inclusion of Hudson Bay, which was found on the van den Keere but only ever in the inset not in the main body of the map.., [These] rare map[s] [are] not known to have been intended for any book although [they] have been found inserted into examples of Heylin's Cosmographie and Varenius' Cosmography and Geography.., State 2.., The portrait of Cromwell on the Europe map was replaced by that of [Charles II]" (Burden 330).


30. WEBBER, John (1751-1793)
[COOK’S THIRD VOYAGE, 1776-1780]
Balagans or Summer Habitations, with the Method of Drying Fish at St. Peter and Paul, Kamtschatka.

London: Boydell and Co., April 1st 1809 [1819]. Hand coloured aquatint on Whatman paper watermarked "1819" on the upper right blank margin. Printed image size ca. 29x41,5 cm (11 ½ x 16 ½ in). Recently matted. A very good aquatint.
Plate 11 from the "Views in the South Seas from drawings by the late James Webber, draftsman on board the Resolution, Captain James Cooke, from the year 1776 to 1780" published by Boydell and Co in 1808. "The title page [of "Views in the South Seas"] is dated 1808 in all copies, but the plate imprints are dated April, 1809, and the water mark dates vary widely copy to copy" (Hill 1837). This plate depicts native inhabitants of Kamchatka and their method of drying fish during summer season.
"Webber was appointed at 100 guineas a year on 24 June 1776 and on 12 July he sailed from Plymouth in Cook's Resolution. His fame largely rests on his fine topographical and ethnographic work from the voyage, planned with Cook and with publication in view. Guided by the surgeon, William Anderson, he also drew natural history subjects (as did William Ellis, surgeon's mate and the other active draughtsman). He returned in October 1780, after Cook's and Anderson's deaths, with over 200 drawings and some twenty portraits in oils, showed a large selection to George III, and was reappointed by the Admiralty at £250 a year to redraw and direct the engraving of sixty-one plates, plus unsigned coastal views, in the official account. It appeared in June 1784 as A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean (3 vols, ed. J. Douglas). Webber also painted other views for the Admiralty, his last payment being in July 1785. He also published two sets of voyage prints; four aquatints made by Marie Catherina Prestel (1787-88: one repeating his own etching of 1786), and sixteen soft-ground etchings by himself (1788-92) of which more were probably intended. The latter were pioneering, both in the medium used and as an artist's rather than publisher's selection. Reissued in aquatint from about 1808 as Views in the South Seas, they continued to sell into the 1820s" (Oxford DNB).
Webber was the son of a Swiss sculptor who had emigrated to England. He was appointed as draughtsman to Cook’s third voyage (Abbey 595). Tooley 501; Holmes (Captain James Cook: A bibliographical excursion) 79.


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