September 2014 Stock Highlights

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[Historically Important Manuscript Journal with Period Copies of Official Despatches, Lists of Vessels, Captives and Other Information Related to the British Expedition to Abyssinia in 1868].

Ca. 1868. Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm). In all 52 leaves of text, brown ink on watermarked laid paper, legible hand writing. Filled from both ends. The watermarks are “Dorling & Gregory, London” and a rampant lion with the date “1867”. Original album with marbled boards and cloth spine, worn and damaged. A number of leaves loosely inserted, some with tears and corner loss. Overall a very good internally clean manuscript.
The journal contains the following documents:
1) Lists of Arrivals & Departure of Transports in and from Annesley Bay. From 3rd January 1868 to 20th June 1868. Alphabetically arranged (41 pp.); 2) List of “The Abyssinian Captives” (1 p.); 3) [Napier, R.] Copy of the letter of congratulation from His Excellency to the soldiers & sailors of the army of Abyssinia” (3 pp.); 4) A copy of the first letter sent from Theodore to General Sir R. Napier Commander-in Chief of the Forces Abyssinia; [with] A Copy of the 2nd letter sent to Sir R. Napier Lt. Genl. (4 pp.); 5) Dr. Blanc, to whom the public have been repeatedly indebted for interesting accounts from Magdala says... (3 pp.); 6) Arrival of His Excellency Sir Robert Napier at Toulla (2 pp.); 7) Statistics relating to the Transport Service... Supplied by Capt. Tryon R.N., the able Director of Transport (6 pp.).
From the reverse of the volume: 1) A List of Vessels Chartered in Bombay for the Abyssinian Expedition (14 pp.); 2) Transports Chartered at Calcutta; [with] Transports Chartered in England (10 pp.); 3) [List of departures and arrivals of vessels at the Bombay port, 19 Sept. - 3 Oct. 1867], including “Fort Saluted Genl. Sir Robert Napier with 15 Guns... Genl. Sir R. Napier & Suite came on board,” (3 pp.); 4) Date of Departure [and] Arrival of H.M.S. Octavia during the Commission [1865-1869] (6 pp.).
The compiler of the journal remains anonymous, but apparently was an eye-witness involved in the events. The fact that the lists are started from both ends suggests that this journal was in use at the time, and not compiled later from printed records.
“The British Expedition to Abyssinia was a rescue mission and punitive expedition carried out in 1868 by the armed forces of the British Empire against the Ethiopian Empire. Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia, also known as "Theodore," imprisoned several missionaries and two representatives of the British government in an attempt to get the attention of the British government, which had been ignoring his requests for military assistance. The punitive expedition launched by the British in response required the transportation of a sizable military force hundreds of miles across mountainous terrain lacking any road system. Harold G. Marcus described the action as "one of the most expensive affairs of honour in history"” (Wikipedia).


[A Collection of Original Manuscripts Retained by Lieutenant Edward Littlehales‚ Commander of H.M. Brig Dolphin‚ regarding the seizure of the Barque Jones of New York as a suspected slaver in the port of St. Helena, Including Official “Seizor’s Case”, Certificate signed by Littlehales, Testimony of Lieut. Murray, H.M. Dolphin’s mate, and Other Papers Presented in the Admiralty Court of Sierra Leone].

St. Helena, 1840. Six manuscripts, three folios (ca. 31,5x20 cm) and three quartos (ca. 24x20 cm and smaller). In all 21 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Fold marks, paper slightly aged, otherwise the collection is in very good condition.
Interesting collection of original documents related to the seizure of the American barque Jones (owned by P.J. Farnham & Co., Salem, Mass.) by H.M. Brig Dolphin under command of Edward Littehales on the 14th of September 1840 at Saint Helena. The barque was captured on suspicion of its alleged involvement into slave trade, and was convoyed to Sierra Leone, where a session of the Vice Admiralty Court took place on the 5th of October that year. The allegations were considered true, and the barque was confiscated. That caused a long lasting argument between US and British officials, which wasn’t settled for over ten years. The “Opinion in case of the Barque Jones” by N.G. Upham (London, 1854) continued the discussion, this time as part of the Convention for the settlement of claims between the United States and Great Britain.
The documents comprise:
1) Official Manuscript of the “Seizor’s Case” heard in the Vice Admiralty Court of Sierra Leone‚ describing the barque’s route‚ false papers‚ the passengers including two well known “extensive Slave Dealers”‚ the evidence of hatches fitted with gratings‚ shackles and bolts 4/5000 feet of plank for forming a second slave deck‚ the results of a search found the ship “was supplied with nearly every necessity for a Slave Equipment”. 7 pages
2) Certificate signed by Lieutenant Littlehales recording the detention of the Barque Jones‚ Tobias Davis‚ Commander‚ at St Helena on 14 September 1840‚ “sailing under no colours‚ armed with four guns”‚ acknowledging no Slaves found on board. 1 page.
3) Manuscript Statement by Lieutenant Murray‚ Mate of HM Brig Dolphin‚ describing his search of the Barque‚ the discovery of bolts‚ shackles‚ etc.‚ and his conclusion that this was “a vessel purposely intended for slave traffic‚ and other illegal trading”‚ HMB Dolphin‚ St. Helena‚ 17 September 1840. 2 pages.
3) Certificate of the wages due to the crew of the Barque Jones‚ signed by the first officer‚ Tobias Davis‚ St. Helena‚ 17 September 1840. 1 page.
5) Manuscript copy of Extracts from the letter book of W.H. Sexton‚ Agent at Ambriz, Loanda and Bengula, for the house of Farnham & Co. (owners of the Barque)‚ sent to the Court‚ giving information about the slave trade‚ stating it is on the wane “for the consignees are bleeding the dealer here to death”. 5 pages
6) Manuscript draft papers‚ almost certainly compiled by Littlehales‚ with numerous amendments and deletions‚ relating to his part in the detention of the Barque‚ and the involvement of Mr. Carrol‚ the American Consular Agent‚ for submission to the Court. 6 pages.
Commander Edward Littlehales (1805-1888) commanded the Dolphin on the coast of West Africa‚ in the suppression of the slave trade‚ in 1840. It was Littlehales who took to St. Helena in 1840 the order for the exhumation of Napoleon’s remains. He refused to give the 103 gun salute demanded by the French for an Emperor‚ declaring his instructions referred to “General Bonaparte” who would receive a 21 gun salute. The seizure of American vessels by the Royal Navy at this time led to a protest by the American President that these detentions were unwarranted.


[Two Original Manuscript Journals, Bound Together]: Journal of a Voyage to China; [with:] Journal in Shanghai, and Travels in China.

Quarto. [Various places, including at sea and locations in China: Shanghai, Ningpo, Hancow, Wuchang et al.]. 1870-1871. 281; 146 pp., plus 6 pp. of notes laid in. Approximately 100,000 words. Period brown gilt tooled half morocco with brown pebbled cloth boards. Recased but overall a very good journal.
The journal of W.C. Peckham from Kingston, Mass., who went to Shanghai as a teacher and companion of a young American man whose parents resided in China. The journal describes Peckham’s journey to China and during his tour there, documenting a total of five months. It is written in a mix of a sort of shorthand and full words. His abbreviated writing often gives only the first letter or two of the word, generally using a the letter "e" for the word "the," the letter "v" for the word "of," and so forth. It is, nevertheless, relatively readable. The author spent 118 days at sea, recording the various happenings aboard his vessel, the clipper ship Surprise. The Surprise was a California clipper built in 1850 that spent most of its working life plying trade between the West Coast and China. In 1867 she was converted from the faster clipper to a slower merchant ship, continuing in the China trade until she was wrecked and sunk off the coast of Japan in 1876.
In addition to the usual voyage fare - sightings of whales and other wildlife, reports on the weather, pining for home, interacting with the crew, etc. - Peckham includes some commentary on Chinese society, gleaned from his conversations with the steward and others aboard the ship. Interestingly, one of the aspects that he chooses to discuss in his journal is that of Chinese prostitution and mistresses. He writes (in translated transcription from the shorthand), on December 15th: "The steward has told me much of the prostitution of the Chinese women. It would seem that is scarce known among them. The foreign merchants & the clerks many of them keep [them?] mistresses, upon whom money is lavished as it is every where else in the world upon persons who stand in the same [relation to men?]. The Chinese women are bought of a price of their mothers, often a man of wealth pays a thousand dollars for his 'China wife' & keeps her in state. She spends her days away from him in the Chinese quarter with her friends & comes to his rooms after dark, or it might be, he goes to her when he pleases. Girls who have no mothers often sell themselves, get some old woman to claim be their parent & drive the bargain while in reality the money goes to the girl. ... Lying is by no means a shame to a Chinaman. They feel no disgrace if caught in a falsehood & they will tell a lie, or [have]? One proven "upon them?] with equal composure." He goes on to describe trading with the Chinese in light of their penchant for lying, saying, "It must require great patience on the part of the missionaries to deal with such a people. I shall watch these characteristics very closely that I may form an intelligent opinion about them."
He goes on to relate what he's been told of Chinese cities by the captain: "The Captain told us more fully what he has hinted at before of the filth of Chinese cities. All along in the narrow streets are set vessels, let into the street permanently, immovably, into which the men make water openly." He has written in parentheses, "(I don't know about the women also), and crossed through it and written "no" above it in answer. He continues: "These are bailed out every day & the contents taken into the country for fertilizer. ... The men collect this filth in jars which they carry on poles slung over their shoulders. ... The streets called 'Chow Chow' streets are very filthy. Here food is sold by the natives. The whole creature is made available, the intestines are washed, cooked, & eaten, even the contents are washed out & eaten. Rats, dogs & cats are not eaten save in case of danger of famine. ... In planting the Chinese use no solid manure. All the fertilizers are applied in liquid form. This gives great growth of vegetables, it also makes the vegetables taste of the manure, hence Europeans do not buy or use the vegetables the Chinese raise. They are famous gardeners. The whole land is a garden."
The second portion of the volume is devoted to the author's travels in China. He arrived in February 1871, during Chinese New Year and describes the festive atmosphere, noting that "We saw Chinese war junks of the old style, which had an enormous number of guns on a side. Now there was on every gun a strip of red for it is New Year." He describes his lodgings and the people who serve him there, his daily routines, meals etc., in considerable detail. He confirms that the streets are indeed filthy and the poor similar to those in America: "...through Chinese streets, round by the walls of the old city. We saw small footed women & fortune tellers. There were crowds of Chinese, cook shops sent out their (savory?) odors, filth was in the streets; but after all, I can't think it was much worse, those some what different, than the low Irish quarters of N.Y. City. Poor people are wretched everywhere."
Peckham also visits shrines in the countryside, describing the sights and experiences around as well as in Shanghai. He comments on schools, prostitution, and various customs. All in all, a fascinating read and a look at the Far East through the eyes of a 19th-century American.


4. [ADEN]
[Large Panoramic Unsigned British School Watercolour of Aden].

[Aden], ca. 1845. Recently matted watercolour on thick paper ca. 26x77 cm (10 x 30 ½ in). Margins strengthened and with a couple of repaired tears and some old crease marks, but still an attractive and impressive watercolour.
An interesting and historically important early and large panoramic watercolour view of Aden including the port, British military installations and town from the early period of British control.
"In 1609 The Ascension was the first English ship to visit Aden, before sailing on to Mocha during the Fourth voyage of the East India Company. After Ottoman rule, Aden was ruled by the Sultanate of Lahej, under suzerainty of the Zaidi imams of Yemen. Aden was at this time a small village with a population of 600 Arabs, Somalis, Jews and Indians housed for the most part in huts of reed matting erected among ruins recalling a vanished era of wealth and prosperity. Haines stated that it could become a major trading centre and the latter part of the British period proved him correct with Aden growing to become one of the busiest ports in the world.
In 1838, Sultan Muhsin bin Fadl of the nearby state of Lahej ceded 194 km² (75 sq. Miles) including Aden to the British. On 19 January 1839, the British East India Company landed Royal Marines at Aden to occupy the territory and stop attacks by pirates against British shipping to India. The port lies about equidistant from the Suez Canal, Bombay (now Mumbai), and Zanzibar, which were all important British possessions. Aden had been an entrepôt and a way-station for seamen in the ancient world. There, supplies, particularly water, were replenished. So, in the mid-19th century, it became necessary to replenish coal and boiler water. Thus Aden acquired a coaling station at Steamer Point. Aden was to remain under British control until 1967" (Wikipedia).


CHARLES, John, Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (d. 1849).
[Autograph Letter Signed “John Charles” to Alexander Christie, Chief Factor of the York Factory, Reporting of the Brigade’s Affairs Before Leaving Norway House to Fort Chipewyan for the Season].

Norway House, 1 August 1830. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 3 pp. Addressed, sealed and docketed on the last blank page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, otherwise a very good legible letter.
An interesting letter from John Charles, a leader of the Hudson’s Bay Company’s Athabasca Brigade and Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (1830-1834), written on the eve of the brigade’s departure to the interior for the winter trade. The letter is addressed to Alexander Christie (1792-1872), chief factor of the York Factory, subsequently considered one of the most influential factors of the Hudson’s Bay Company.
Charles reports on the departure of the Athabasca Brigade, as well as conditions and supplies at Norway House: “We have now nearly made an end of our Business here and expect to move off at the latest in a Day or so. Our four Boats for Athabasca were away Yesterday with an Ample Supply for the Season to meet all Demands. The Goods forwarded by Messrs. Meler & Hargrave for the Men’s Equipment were most ample <…> the Men appear quite Satisfied with these Advances, which are the best they ever got.”He hopes that when “the Athabasca Brigade will henceforth return from the Plain [?], if we could have a Building of some kind erected for transacting our Business it will be of great Advantage, for at present the want of Sufficient Room even to make a temporary Shop, creates much Inconvenience, and I may add not a little Confusion. I would also be obliged to you to give Orders to have the Boats built for us at this Place, for the New Boats brought from the other Places we generally get the Worst.” Charles reports that “in order to prevent too much of some Articles and too little of others being forwarded for Men’s Equipment next Spring, I have made out a Requisition, both for Advances and Outfit, which if it can be complied with will be fully Sufficient.” He also complains of hard conditions on the Winter Road, resulting in sickness and injury among the Indian accompanying the brigade. Overall a very interesting informative letter.


[Photo Album with 82 Original Photographs of Australia and New Zealand].

Ca. 1890-1891. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x32 cm). 82 albumen prints ca. 15,5x20 cm (ca. 5 ¾ x 7 ¾ in) mounted on 41 stiff card leaves. Some images with captions and signatures in negative; detailed pencil captions on the mounts. Period green half sheep album with pebble cloth boards and moire endpapers; gilt tooled spine with raised bands, all edges gilt. Album rubbed and worn, the covers detached from the mounts, but overall a very good album with sharp images.
According to the pencil captions on the mounts, the travellers arrived Sydney on 27 February 1891, from where they travelled to Auckland and visited a number of cities and places on New Zealand, including Napier, Wellington, Lyttleton, Dunedin, Christchurch and the vicinity of Lakes Rotorua and Tararawa with their famous geysers; they left New Zealand on board S.S. Wairarapa on 29 April and stayed in Melbourne on 9-26 May 1891.
The photos contain several views of Sydney, including the harbour, landing place of Captain Cook on Botany Bay, Hawkesbury River near Sydney – “The Australian Rhine”, Coogee Bay, several street views (Hunter St., Macquarie St. – “Sydney Park Lane”), Sydney Cathedral and Town Hall, Farm Cove, et al. There are also interesting views of Melbourne, Brisbane, Dunedine, Christchurch, Auckland at al. Series of views of the Blue Mountains, N.S.W. (by H. King, C. Bayliss, J.P.) include beautiful views of the Jenolan Caves, the caption to one of the photos says: “These stalactites are all <…> wonderfully coloured. Brown. Red. Blue. Orange. White etc. etc. & are perfectly transparent”. There are also images of the Blue Bath at Rotorua – “a delightful naturally warm baths” and a group of photos of the Lake Rotorua and Ohinemutu village, with a portrait of “Mr. Macrae, owner of the [Lake House] hotel who was all through the eruption of Tarawera in 1886”. Several interesting images show the surroundings of Mount Tarawera taken before and after the famous eruption of 1886, and reveal significant changes and destruction caused by the eruption (see the images of Wairoa Hotel, old mill “7 miles from the mountain” Sophia’s whare et al).
The photo of the Mount Tarawera after the eruption has a comment: “Sunday, 19 April 1891. Very nearly 5 years after the blow up I was here & on putting a stick some 18 inches into the ground it caught a blaze as soon as it came out”. The last three images represent portraits of the native people by Burton Bros. Studio.


7. [BAEGERT, Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat [News from the American Peninsula California..,].

Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (with corrections). Small Octavo. [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives"(Hill 46); Barrett 129; "According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.


SMITH, Harry Percival Adams (1820-?)
[Autograph Letter Signed "H.P.A. Smith", Written when U.S. Marshall at Fort Scott, Ks, and Reporting about the Latest Events in 'Bleeding Kansas' on the Threshold of the American Civil War].

Lecompton [Kansas Territory], 23 June 1858. Octavo bifolium (ca. 25x19,5 cm). 4 pp. Fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
Great letter, written in highly colorful language by the U.S. Marshall at Fort Scott at the height of the unrest in the Kansas Territory, dubbed "Bleeding Kansas" by Eastern newspapers. In part: "Since I came here I have acted as U.S. Marshall at Fort Scott, the center of the difficulties. Have headed Dragoons & swept the country. Have been besieged and couldn't move an inch. Have been amongst more bullets than are pleasant. Have been shot at on several different occasions - once was under fire from more than 50 men for about 15 minutes <...>, but at present ... For a few weeks we are at peace and I have retired to this place to rest - not on my 'laurels' for we didn't get any, but on a good bed which I have not seen for a long time <...>
If ever the cursed Abolitionists here (not Free State men) shall be hung or shot or quieted in any other way we could have a good state and a prosperous one but if not God knows what it will be unless a den of theirs <... >I did think them [the Republicans] fools - I now think them villains - and worse than villains. One of the acts of Montgomery was to oblige the wife and daughters of one of his victims to strip naked and walk back and forth before all his men. I could fill ten sheets with accounts of this Deviltry..."
Smith also lauds the natural resources of the country and speculates on the money to be made, in particular on getting surveying contracts. Complete transcription available on request.
Just a few months after penning this, Smith was one of three officers of the Leavenworth Company sent west by James Denver to organize Arapahoe County. Smith has been credited with deciding on the name Denver City for the budding frontier settlement (see Mather & Boswell Vigilante's Victims, p. 151). Smith was a controversial figure, he was a lawyer who defended outlaws and a violent Secessionist, though he hailed from New Hampshire. He was later banished from Utah Territory.


ROIZ [i.e., Rodrigues], João Ventura
[Three Autograph Letters Signed by a Portuguese Businessman in Rio de Janeiro to Barão Antonio Esteves da Costa in Lisbon, Regarding Trade with Brazil and with Mentions of the Slave Trade].

Rio de Janeiro. 21 October & 12 November 1828, 30 August 1833. Three letters, all Large Quarto (ca. 28,5x22,5 cm and 26,5x21 cm). In all 7 pp of text in Portuguese. Brown ink on paper. Each letter addressed and docketed, with postal stamps and remains of wax seals on the last blank page. Fold marks, paper age toned, minor tears on extremities, final letter with a small hole after opening, not affecting the text. Overall a very good collection.
These three letters give details of business as usual between Brazil and Portugal, including the sale of slaves several years after the slave trade had been outlawed. All the letters are autographed and signed "João Ventura Roiz"; the filing notes on the first list his name as "João Ventura Rodrigues." Rodrigues is one of three inhabitants of Rio de Janeiro who eventually came to the attention of British authorities for flagrantly violating the prohibition on the slave trade. In a letter dated January 27, 1838, to António P. Maciel Monteiro, Brazil's Minister of Foreign Affairs, G.J.R. Gordon complained that more slaves were imported in 1837 than in 1829, the last year in which the slave trade was legal. "A number of new negroes were exhibited last Monday week, at the windows of a house occupied by a person named João Moreira ... At the house in the Largo do Capim, occupied by Senhor João Ventura Roiz, a Portuguese subject, new negroes are on sale; and, finally, in the Rua dos Inválidos, at a house occupied by José Antonio dos Santos Xavier, there are likewise on sale a number of new negroes."
The addressee of the letters is the Barão António Esteves da Costa (1764-1837), who was awarded the title 1º visconde das Picoas in 1831.
Contents of the letters are as follow:
1. 21 October 1828. 3 pp. Addressed on the final verso to "R. Fern.os, Snr. Conselheiro Antonio Esteves Costa, Lisboa." Includes references to goods received via the packet, the arrival of Lord Strangford, the Brique d'Angola, London exchange rates, shipments from Buenos Aires, and Thomé Ribeiro de Faria. On p. 2, he mentions that he has sold slaves from the Brique already for 260$ to 400$.
2. 12 November 1828. 3 pp. Addressed on the final verso to "R. Fern.os, Sr. Conselheiro Antonio Esteves Costa, Lisboa." Includes references to the Brique Flor do Mar, debts owed, Thomé Ribeiro de Faria, António Pedrozo, Seará de Maitinho [?] de Borges, the price of sugar and salt, exchange rates, and Lord Strangford.
3. 30 August 1833. 2 leaves, with text on first recto. Addressed on the final verso to " Snr. Barão das Picõas, 2ª Nª G. Amalia Lisboa." Includes a few references to payments and interest, but discusses at greatest length (about third of the letter) a consignment of slaves from Vicente Thomaz dos Santos: "tem sido o diabo ... Por que me tem dado grande trabalho, grande desembolso, e muito cuidado hoje," due to the new Codigo. Rodrigues had to make appeals to the Legislatura to straighten out the difficulty.
On João Ventura Rodrigues's participation in the slave trade after it had become illegal, see British and Foreign State Papers v. 27, nos. 174 (pp. 596-8) and 180 (pp. 601-4).


[Album with Ninety-nine Original Photographs from Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, and Zanzibar].

Ca. 1920. Oblong Folio (ca. 25,5x35,5 cm). 99 gelatin silver prints ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in) mounted on 12 stiff card leaves. White pencil captions on the mounts. Original green full cloth album by ‘Wallace Heaton Ltd, London’ (paper label on the rear pastedown). Spine with minor tears on head and tail, otherwise a very good album with strong bright images.
A very interesting photograph collection of the native peoples of Kenya and Uganda. The album contains a series of images of Masaii, Kikuyu and “Kavirondo” people: shepherds with cows, family groups, women with distinctive jewellery, children, views of native villages, agricultural works and social gatherings. The people of Uganda are represented by pictures of natives of Fort Portal and the Aholi people from the Kitgum district in North Uganda. There are some impressive portraits of warriors with decorated and painted bodies and armed with spears; images of natives surrounding the traveller’s car; photos of mothers with children and young girls et al. The album also includes a nice image of a ‘ship on lake Victoria Nyanza’, and two photos of the true source of the Nile – the Ripon Falls, nowadays submerged after the construction of the Owen Falls Dam in 1954. The album starts with a dozen scenic photos of Dar es Salaam (“New Africa Hotel”, marching soldiers on a street), Zanzibar (“Africa Hotel”) and Mombasa (picturesque street views), and six photos of the Kenyan savannah with zebras and giraffes.


[Album with Two Large Photo Panoramas of Budapest, Titled:] "Budapest."

Budapest: Calderoni es Tarsa, ca. 1890. Oblong Folio (ca. 27,5x33 cm). Two large albumen print panoramas mounted on card, ca. 19x166,5 cm (7 ½ x 65 ¼ in) and ca. 19x137,5 cm (7 ½ x 54 ¼ in). The smaller panorama signed and captioned in negative (R.J.D.). Original red publisher’s cloth album with gilt stamped title and publisher’s name on the front cover. Mounts with mild staining, right lower corner of the second mount detached and neatly reassembled, cover slightly rubbed on extremities, but the panoramas are strong and bright. Overall very good panoramas.
Attractive album with two panoramas of central Budapest, namely of its historical parts Buda and Pest, located accordingly on the west and east banks of Danube. The panorama of Buda stretches from the Citadella on the left to the north of the city, with majestic Buda Castle and Chain Bridge in the centre. The embankment in shown in great detail, with numerous barges docked near it. A slightly smaller panorama of Pest taken from above, gives a city overview from the Margaret Bridge to the Elizabeth Bridge, with the Chain Bridge and Saint Stephen’s Basilika in the centre. The Hungarian Parliament building is seen on the left. This panorama is signed in negative “R.J.D.” and has captions in Hungarian and German, namely: Margitsziget/Margarethen Insel, Orszaghas/ Parlament, Lanczhid/ Kettelbrücke, Basilika; Fovardsi Vigado/ Städt Redoute. Overall a very good album.


12. [CEYLON]
[Photo Album of 56 Original Photographs of a Voyage from Marseille, Through the Suez Canal to Ceylon].

Ca. 1890. Oblong Folio (ca. 37x28 cm). 25 stiff card leaves. With 55 albumen photos mounted on the leaves and one loose. The photos range in size from ca. 19,5x27,5cm (8x11 in) to ca. 9,5x7,5 cm (4x3 in). with a few smaller ones. 14 large single leaf images. Many images captioned on mounts in pencil or ink. Period green gilt tooled half sheep with green pebbled cloth boards. Covers a little rubbed, mounts mildly warped, but overall a very good album.
The strong images include: “Marseille - Quai et Bassin de la Joliette, ND photo," “Marseille - Perspective de la rue de Noaille”, ND photo, Port Said and the Suez Canal (5 images), view of Colombo harbour, fishing boats at the Colombo jetty, the Grand Oriental hotel in Colombo, Colombo Lake, the “Lion’s mouth," canal with canal boats and their pole men, a mountain pass with tea on the slope; a section of amateur snapshots showing the Europeans who were on this trip, 15 views of Kandy, with various gardens, streets, pavilions, temples, the Morankande Plumbago Mines, the Maryland Estate, etc. Following this are several random views including an elephant working, a European lady on horseback, a child and a man posing, several amateur snapshots of streets and buildings (some faded) & more images of plantations or gardens etc.


13. [CHARCOT, Jean-Baptiste] (1867-1936)
[Collection of Seventy-Five Glass Stereo Positive Slides Showing Images from the Charcot French Antarctic Expedition with the Ship Français Which Explored the West Coast of Graham Land, Antarctica from 1904 until 1905].

Graham Land, Antarctica, 1904-1905. Seventy-five glass stereo positive slides, each 4,5x11 cm (1 ¾ x 4 ¼ inches). The glass stereo positive slides are generally in very good condition and housed in a period wooden box. A very good collection.
The generally strong images of these stereo view slides of this early land exploration of the Antarctic continent show the Antarctic terrain, caves, ice bergs, camp life, scientific studies and activities, penguins and the ship 'Francais.'
"Jean-Baptiste Charcot was appointed leader of the French Antarctic Expedition with the ship Français which explored the west coast of Graham Land from 1904 until 1905. The expedition reached Adelaide Island in 1905 and took pictures of the Palmer Archipelago and Loubet Coast. They roughly surveyed the SW coast of Anvers Island in 1904.., [Then] Loubet Land was explored in January 1905 and named after Émile Loubet, the then President of France.., Logistics support for this expedition was provided by the Argentine Navy, employing the legendary corvette ARA Uruguay" (Wikipedia). "Charcot returned to a hero's welcome. The expedition had lost not a single life, almost a thousand miles of coast had been charted, and the first accurate map of the western archipelago of Graham Land had been compiled" (Howgego 1850-1940, Polar Regions C8).


[Attractive Unsigned Watercolour of the Coliseum and the Arch of Constantine in Rome].

Ca. 1860. Watercolour ca. 14x40 cm (5 ½ x 15 ½ in) Recently matted and framed, and with a minor faint crease mark in upper right corner, but overall a very good watercolour.
This attractive watercolour shows the Coliseum (left) and the Arch of Constantine (right) and several dozen visitors in the fore and background. "The Colosseum, or the Coliseum, originally the Amphitheatrum Flavium is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire, built of concrete and stone. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering...,The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected by the Roman Senate to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312" (Wikipedia).


DUNDAS, Richard Saunders, Rear-Admiral (1802-1861) & PELHAM, Frederick Thomas, Captain of the Fleet (1808-1861)
[Original Journal with Period Manuscript Copies of over Seventy Official Orders by Admiral Dundas and Captain of the Fleet Pelham aboard HMS Duke Of Wellington and HMS Nile during the Second Baltic Campaign, March-September 1855].

Various locations on the Baltic Sea, 13 March-11 September 1855. Folio. Original journal, ca. 130 leaves. 139 pages numbered in hand. Brown ink manuscript in two parts on pages 1-18, 92-[150] (= 77 pp). Original marbled boards neatly rebacked and re-cornered with light brown half calf; gilt lettered morocco label on the spine. Housed in a blue cloth custom made clamshell box with gilt lettered title label on the spine. Pages 103-106 and 133-134 have been taken out, possibly with the orders being censored or suppressed. Overall a very good journal written in a very legible hand.
Original naval journal, thoroughly documenting the orders given to the British fleet during the Crimean War’s second campaign in the Baltic Sea, in March-September 1855. The journal consists of two parts: the first with sixteen standing orders of Admiral Dundas, commander of the British fleet during the campaign, and second with over fifty memorandums and general memos of Admiral Dundas and his second in command Frederick Pelham, the captain of the fleet. The journal was recorded in accordance with the General memo from 8 April 1855: “One General Standing Order Book is to be kept on board each ship under my command in addition to a Book for temporary Orders. The respective Flag Officers, Captains, Commanding Officers will therefore cause all General Standing Orders issued by me to be copied into the Book to be appropriated for that purpose and their order books are to be sent to my Flag ship by an Officer to be examined by my Order Book” (p. 115 of the journal). The compiler of the journal might have been Pelham himself, as the last pages of the journal are occupied with pencil notes about genealogy of the Pelham family.
The orders and memos were written on board of HMS Duke of Wellington, a flagship of the British Baltic fleet during the Crimean War, and HMS Nile, 2nd rate ship of the line. The places of the orders change with the progression of the fleet from England to the Baltic Sea: Spithead, the Downs (North Sea), “Fermern” (Fehmarn) Belt (Baltic Sea), Kiel, Lubeck, Nargen (Naissaar Island, Estonia), Faro [Island] (Sweden), Tolboukin (Tolbukhin) lighthouse (near Kronstadt), [at sea] off Kronstadt, Seskar [Island] (the Gulf of Finland, Russia).
The standing orders include four notifications of “the strict blockade”, spreading further to the east with the movement of the British fleet and affecting: “Ports of Libau, Sackenbaun, Windau and the entrance to the Gulf of Riga” (19 April, supplement to the Standing order # 3); “Gulf of Finland from the Hango Island to the Dangerot Lighthouse” (3 May, SO # 5); “the Coast of Finland from Nystad to Hango Head, including especially the Port of Abo and including likewise all the Islands and Islets fronting the said coast” (15 June, suppl. To SO # 11); “the Gulf of Bothia from Tornea to Nystad” (12 July, suppl. To SO # 15).
A number of documents are dedicated to the Russian merchant vessels which were then in neutral ports and therefore could be captured at sea. The journal contains a list of Russian merchant ships laying in the harbour of Copenhagen (22 April), list of vessels in the Lubeck port under neutral flags “procured by sales which are considered to be fictitious” (22 April), information about ship “Ernest” under Belgian flag with “suspicious or fictitious papers” (29 April) et al.
Another issue that the British fleet had to deal with was the suspected transportation of arms for the Russians by ships of neutral countries. The memos contain information about Dutch ship “Tezlma” bound from Antwerp for Copenhagen with 12 chests “containing 352 Muskets, 131 Carbines, 150 Pistols” (p. 116); another Dutch vessel “Youthaudel” transporting “Muskets from Belgium” (29 April); brig “Otto” from Hamburg “nominally cleared for Brazil”, which “is suspected of having shipped Muskets and other munitions of War for a Russian Port” (30 April); two vessels in the Lubeck port “which are considered liable to capture or detention” (3 May) et al. A note from 11 July warns the British officers that "a large quantity of Colts Revolver Pistols have been lately packed at New York in Cotton Bales, and intended to be shipped on account of the Russian government."
Historically important is the General memo from 27 August informing about the bombardment of the Sveaborg fortress on 9-10 August – the main engagement of the 1855 Baltic campaign. Admiral Dundas informs the “Officers, Seamen and Marines” about the Lords’ of the Admiralty “entire approbation of their conduct on the occasion, as well as of the skill and gallantry with which the service was executed."
The other documents detail different aspects of the British fleet service during the Baltic Campaign: regulations of work of the mortar vessels, weapon use (“heavy Lancaster shells”, “Fuze for Boats Guns”, ammunition for the rifles), maintenance of the machinery of steamships, daily routines for ships’ crews "at sea" and "in harbour," rules of keeping of official ships’ documentation, specific instructions for the safe communication of H.M. Ships with enemy fleets under a "Flag of Truce" and others. Last two pages contain a later general memo from rear Admiral Fremantle, commander of the Channel Squadron, dated “Spithead, 24 August 185[8?]”.
Overall a captivating and historically important first-hand account of the actions of the British fleet in the Baltic theatre of the Crimean War.


[Manuscript Account Book of the Boston Ship Isabella, Kept During its Sea Otter Hunting Expeditions to the Spanish Californian Waters from Russian America, Undertaken in 1810-1812 on the Contract with Alexander Baranov, the Governor of Russian America].

7 July 1809 – 8 December 1811, and 19 January 1814 – 19 June 1814. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). 44 pp. Brown ink on ruled laid paper. Original marbled boards, neatly rebacked. Boards rubbed and worn, paper age toned, otherwise a very good manuscript written in a legible hand.
Original account book of the Boston ship Isabella (Captain William Heath Davis), one of the American ships actively engaged in the sea otter trade in California in the early 19th century, on the basis of a contract system with the Russian authorities in New Archangel. According to the agreement signed in 1803 between New England Captain Joseph O’Cain and the Governor of Russian America Alexander Baranov, the Russians were to provide Aleut hunters and baidarkas for the American ships which in their turn obliged to carry out all hunting operations; all skins would be divided equally, with large profits potentially available. The scheme turned out to be successful, and in the first years of the 19th century about ten Boston ships sailed to Sitka and from there on to the Californian waters.
“A new Yankee-Russian intrusion into Spanish otter fields occurred in the years 1810, 1811, and 1812. <…> Captain [William Heath] Davis of the Isabella, who was along the Lower California coast in the summer of the same year, formed a definite contract in June, 1810, for forty-eight baidarkas and Aleuts under the command of the experienced Tarakanov <…> Four Boston vessels from the Russian north were assembled on the Spanish coast in the fall of 1810. <…> The Isabella made Bodega its base during September and October,” hunting off the coast between Bodega and San Francisco. In November they moved to Drake’s Bay. In May 1811 they had an armed engagement with Spaniards in San Francisco Bay which resulted in death of two Aleuts from Kodiak. In early 1812 Isabella together with two other Boston ships sailed to Canton with a large cargo of sea otter furs. “Baranov expressed high satisfaction at the returns of the contracts of 1811. A total of 8,118 otter skins, including prime, yearlings, and pups, besides some otter tails, were obtained from California” (See more: Ogden, A. The California Sea Otter Trade, 1784-1848. University of California Press, 1975, pp. 53-56). In 1812, while on the way to Canton, Davis along with Jonathan and Nathan Winship signed a contract with Hawaiian King Kamehameha I, granting them exclusive rights to export and sell sandalwood from the Sandwich Islands.
The account book chronologically embraces the entire North Pacific voyage of Isabella, starting with the expenses recorded for Jamaican rum in August 1809 (apparently bought on the spot of production), and finishing with the accounting carried out already on the Hawaiian Islands on the way to Canton in the end of 1811. The book thoroughly registers all merchandise operations carried out by the crew members during the trip, evidently for accounting their final wages (some examples can be found in the end of the manuscript). The purser recorded names of the crew members and amount of merchandise taken, often with its money equivalent.
According to the book, in May, June and July of 1810 Isabella delivered to New Archangel (often referred to as “Sheetka”) “6 flag bandana handkerchiefs, 1 shaving box, 4 small looking glasses”, as well as brandy, red baize, bread, and brown sugar. The entries include those of payments to the taylor of the ship Enterprise (31 July 1810), debit to captain Davis in August 1810 (5 gallons of molasses, 2 gallons of brandy and 28 pounds of rice); “4 ½ yds blue Bocking and 10 ½ Baize presented the Cooper of the Ship Mercury and a Sandwich Islander for their assistance to the sealers” (8 October 1810); “11 ½ yds. Green Velveteen dld. Capt. Winship” (16 February 1811); 20 dollars cash were given to Captain Davis to pay for the merchandise bought from the ship Enterprise (various textiles, 2 pairs of shoes, stockings, boots and a hat).
In the autumn of 1811 “1 musket and 2 doz. Looking glasses, given the Carpenter and Cooper of Ship Enterprise for making spars, repairing water casks &c;” and “13 yds. Green Velveteen, 2 ps. Yellow nankeens, 8 yds. Blue Duffel, 1 ps. British shirting presented Tarakanoff and Shubael, the two Russians who had charge of the Baidarkas” [Vasiliy Petrovich Tarakanov, officer of the Russian American company and experienced sea otter hunter]. Interesting is the entry from the same period registering “1 large looking glass, 6 yds. Black velvet, 1 box Canton flour given Washwoman for making pastry &c. For dinner given Govr. Baranoff.”
Numerous entries registering debits to the crew members unveil an interesting picture of what has been taken and used for apparently private needs (shoes, woolen stockings, checked shirts, bars of soap, blankets, tobacco, brandy) or trade (tin pots, various types of knives (jack k., butcher k., shoe k., bladed k.), various textiles (blaize, flannell, duffel, velveteen, serge, nankeen, shirting), coloured thread, looking glasses, small buttons, buckets, horn combs, tinder boxes, “ordinary knives & forks,” needles, spectacles et al.) The second part of the account book dated January-October 1814 was kept on ships Isabella and later Orina (June-October), and apparently relates to their stay in the Sandwich Islands.
“Isabella, ship, 209 tons, 48 baidarkas; captain, William Heath Davis; commander of hunters, Vasilii Petrovich Tarakanov; owner, Boardman & Pope Boston; otter skins (1810) 2,976 (1,987 grown, 432 yearlings, 566 pups); sailing schedule: 1809, left Boston; August, off Santo Domingo; 1810, June 28, at Sitka; July 30, gang of Isabella’s sealers found on Farallon Islands; September, Bodega Bay; November 29, at Drake’s Bay; February, 1811, hunters of Isabella in San Francisco Bay; May 11, arrived Drake’s Bay; November – January 1, 1812, Hawaiian Islands; February 15, 1813, Canton; June 29, arrived Hawaiian Islands; November 7, at Honolulu; 1814, March, Hawaiian Islands; June 9, left Sitka; July 10, September, Hawaiian Islands; September, 1815 – October 17, Sitka; December 24, at Hawaiian Islands; February 26, 1816, arrived Canton (Ogden, A. The California Sea Otter Trade, 1784-1848. University of California Press, 1975, p. 163, 165).


[A Superb Presentation Photograph Album of the Eastern Bengal Railway Line, Presented to W[rey]. A. E[dward] Hanby [M.B.E.] (Retiring Deputy Chief Engineer) by the Officers of the Eastern Bengal Railway 1917].

1917. Elephant Folio (ca. 39x54 cm). 26 stiff card leaves. With 89 mounted, matte gelatin silver prints. The first leaf with a tipped in leaf of 52 ink signatures of railroad administrators. The photos from ca. 23,5x29 cm (9 ½ x 11 ½ in.) to ca. 13,5x20 cm (5 ½ x 8 in.). There are 35 larger single leaf views. Most of the views are captioned in white ink. Many of the photographs are either by Bourne & Shepherd or Hoffmann and Johnston Period black full morocco with a silver presentation plaque mounted on the front cover, with an engraved inscription: “Presented to W.A.C. Hanby, Esq, by the officers of the Eastern Bengal Railway, 1917.” Extremities with mild wear, front joint cracked otherwise a very good album.
Mr. Wrey Edward Hanby, M.B.E., joined the engineering branch of the Public Works Department in Bengal, ca. 1888, and spent most of his career working for the Eastern Bengal State Railway, retiring in 1917 as a Deputy Chief Engineer. The Eastern Bengal Railway Company was established in 1857 with the objective of introduction of railway transport in eastern Bengal and even to move into Burma.
The strong images in this album include: a group of officers of the EBR at headquarters in 1915, a group of officers of the EBR in 1917, Indian peasants ploughing, harvesting, cutting and working with jute, boats bringing jute to a riverside station, foreshore of the river Houghly at Chitpore, the Chitpore goods shed, the Chitpore road with many carts pulled by oxen, clearing trees from a vast estate for a garden, a view of a massive garden, women and children transplanting seedlings, a group of Bhooteas in Darjeeling in 1905 (Bourne and Shephard photo), 12 images of the effects of a cyclone on the Ganges river in October 1909, (Bourne and Shephard photos), 8 images of the effects of the great earthquake of 12th June 1897 on the EB Railway, showing cracks in the earth, in bridges and tracks, in the Nelphanari station yard, on the Rungpur branch, etc. (Bourne and Shephard photos), St. Paul’s cathedral in Calcutta, 3 street scenes in Calcutta showing bustling activity and the Holwell monument, the EBR offices, and the High court, (Bourne and Shephard photos), EBR main station, shipping on the Hooghly river (B&S photo), a Calcutta suburb (B&S photo), the family burial ground of the Nawab of Murshidabad (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), the old Katra Musjid temple in Murshidabad, loading a wagon ferry barge from a train engine and open box cars, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), a panorama of the lower Ganges bridge, the lower Ganges bridge being constructed, a close-up of the lower Ganges bridge dated 1914, a train coming through the lower Ganges bridge in 1915, from the point of view of a traveler at one end, a river scene on the Ganges river, brick manufacturing, brick foundations for a building, well sinking with heavy equipment, earthwork coolies, many workers building up a well, a boat building and two river scenes on the Ganges river, a view of the Sendlah(?) train yard showing the old office buildings, the Chitpore train yard, 3 images of changing 40 feet spans on the Kitihar, Parbatipur(?) section of track; E.B.Railway, Ghat station on the River Ganges, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), a Dak bungalow, Carts crossing a ford, Avenue of papal(?) trees, River steamer with flats in tow, Government House in Dacca (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Loading timbers onto M.G. Trucks at Jainti(?) (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Jainti River with the Himalayas in the distance (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Peacock Island, Gauhati, Gauhati from Peacock Island (Bourne and Shephard photo), The Beadon Falls, Shilong (Bourne and Shephard photo), A long view of Shilong, In the Forest below Ging, Darjeeling, A train and its cars on the DHRy, the single loop (Bourne and Shephard photo), A train going up the Darjeeling reverse no. 3, (Bourne and Shephard photo), The town of Darjeeling from below the shrubbery, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Snowy Range from Sandakfoo, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Snowy Range from Senghal, Everest on the left, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), On the Teesta, below the Bridge, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Bridge over the Runjnoo, Darjeeling; Main Gate to twelve buildings, Gaur, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Andina Building, Pandua, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo) & The Twelve Door Building, Gaur, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo).


CHEVALLIER, Barrington Henry (1851-1930)
[Historically Interesting Manuscript British Navy Logbook, Containing the Logs of Eight Separate Voyages, Including Voyages in the North Pacific, with Stops at Esquimalt and Port Alberni on Vancouver Island and Honolulu, Hawaii].

[Various places at sea], 1865-1870. Folio (33x21,5 cm). [Ca. 500] pp. Logbook in English, with twenty manuscript charts and four watercolours tipped in, five of the logs have manuscript title-pages, two in colour, four with flags and one with a printed picture of the ship pasted on the leaf. Period black blind-tooled half sheep, brown cloth boards, gilt-tooled morocco title-label on front cover. Housed in a modern cloth clamshell box with a black gilt morocco label. Extremities rubbed, front upper hinge with a crack but overall in very good condition.
Manuscript logs of eight ships: HMS Victory, Terrible, Victoria, Urgent, Malacca, Scout, Duke of Wellington and Bellerophon. The logs were kept by midshipman Barrington Henry Chevallier (1851-1930) from what was probably his first tour of duty in 1865 (after joining the navy in 1864 and training on HMS Britannia) to 1870, when he was promoted to sub-Lieutenant.
For the most part, the logs record the typical duties of a seaman of his rank. The numerous folding charts are excellent, as are the four watercolours. On his first two voyages, on board the Victory and then the Terrible, he sailed in the Mediterranean, with stops at Malta, Corinth, Patras, Cephalonia and Gibraltar. He then made a longer voyage on board the Urgent to the West Indies, with an initial stop at Bermuda and visits to Jamaica and Colombia. Chevallier then transferred to the Malacca, which was at anchor off Panama. After a brief trip to the Pearl Islands in April 1868, Chevallier was sent aboard HMS Scout, commanded by J.A.P. Price. It was aboard this ship that he undertook his first Pacific voyage, which took him from Panama to Esquimalt on Vancouver Island. On Vancouver Island the crew of the Scout met with the USS Pensacola. The voyage continued from Esquimalt to Honolulu, where the ship arrived in September. A second log for the Scout records a voyage from Honolulu to Tahiti, then to Valparaiso, through Tierra del Fuego, on to the Falkland Islands and then the return home to Spithead (15 October 1868 - 5 May 1869). The final two logs, of the Duke of Wellington and the Bellerophon, record coastal trips around Portsmouth and further Mediterranean travels. Chevallier rose through the ranks, moved to an office job in Naval Ordinance in 1887, married and settled in Kent, eventually becoming a Captain.
A very interesting well illustrated volume of ships' logs, including carefully plotted voyages with nice watercolours of Esquimalt and Kingston and interesting charts of the Pacific including the Galapagos Islands and a plan of Honolulu Harbour. Additionally, Chevallier describes communications with three Indian Canoes, the visit of an American Minister and British Consul to the ship, a 21-gun salute of the Tahitian Flag, the sighting of a Chilean Men of War (one bearing the flag of Adl. Blanca) and a Peruvian iron clad, etc.


19. [GEORGI, Johann Gotlieb] (1729-1802)
Beschreibung aller Nationen des russischen Reichs, ihrer Lebensart, Religion, Gebräuche, Wohnungen, Kleidungen und übrigen Merkwürdigkeiten. Vierte und letzte Ausgabe. Mongolische Völker, Russen und die noch übrigen Nationen [Description of all the Nations of the Russian Empire, Their Customs, Religion, many other particulars, Homes, Costumes and Other Curiosities. Part 4. Mongolians, Russians and other Remaining Nations].

St. Petersburg: Carl Wilhelm Müller; Typ. Weitbrecht und Schoor, 1780. First edition. Quarto. [2 – t.p.], [4], [2], xii, [4], 397-530 (=134), [6] pp. With twenty hand coloured copper engraved plates, and a copper engraved pictorial head-piece. Original period marbled papered wrappers. Period ink stamp on the title page. Spine worn and cracked, but text and plates very clean and overall in a very original condition.
Fourth part of the first edition of Georgi’s famous work – first comprehensive description of peoples of Russia – contains chapters about Mongols, Kalmyks, Buriats, Armenians, German settlers, Poles, Russians, Kossaks, and others. The first edition of Georgi’s “Beschreibung aller Nationen des russischen Reichs" was published in three parts in German, Russian and French (Saint Petersburg, 1776-1777). This, fourth part was issued in 1780 only in German, without translations for the Russian or French editions.
Catherine the Great highly appreciated Georgi’s ethnographical work, and presented him with a golden snuffbox and ordered "Beschreibung aller Nationen des russischen Reichs" to be published on the Empress' Cabinet account, but for the benefit of the author.
Johann Gottlieb Georgi was a German botanist, geographer and ethnographer. "After studying pharmacy in Germany, he became an Academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, where he was professor of natural history and chemistry. Georgi conducted the first geological exploration of the Volga, Urals, Altai and the regions beyond Lake Baikal, and in 1771-73 completed a voyage around the lake. His geological specimens formed the foundation of the Natural History Cabinet of St. Petersburg Teachers Seminary, founded in 1783 and now in the Mineralogical Museum of St. Petersburg State University. In 1776-77 Georgi published the first demographic study of the peoples of Russia" (Howgego G36).
Lipperheide 1337 (illustrated); Colas 1223, Svodny Katalog XVIII (foreign imprints) 1066.


[Photo Album with 27 Original Photographs Showing the Imperial German Navy Cruiser SMS Bussard During its Service in German New Guinea, including Views and Scenes in Samoa, Bismarck Archipelago, Marshall Islands, as well as Australian Cooktown, Jervis Bay and Lord Howe Island].

1895-1896. Oblong Octavo (ca. 21x24 cm). The photographs are mounted on fifteen stiff card leaves. The majority are larger photos ca. 14,5x19,5 cm (5 ½ x 7 ½ in), with seven smaller photos ca. 10,5x14,5 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). More than half of the images are captioned and dated in negative on the lower margins. Period brown half sheep album with olive cloth boards and new endpapers. Leaves with mild foxing and slightly waved, two with cut of corners not affecting images, one leaf cracked on hinge but still holding. Some images slightly faded, but overall the images are sharp and bright. A very good album.
An Interesting collection of vivid photographs showing the German Imperial cruiser SMS Bussard on duty in German New Guinea and neighbouring waters. SMS Bussard, launched in 1890, was built especially for station service in the German colonies. In 1892-1899 she served in the German Pacific territories, sometimes being used as a transport for the police forces to suppress native rebellions; in 1900 she participated in suppressing the Boxer Rebellion in China. And was stationed in Tsingtao until 1904; later she served in the German East African colonies. At the time when the photos were taken SMS Bussard was under the command of K.K. Winkler (September 1895-January 1898; see more in Wikipedia, World Naval Ship Forums).
The album documents SMS Bussard’s service from November 1895 to November 1896 and includes photos taken in the German Bismarck Archipelago: Matupi and Herbertshöhe (now Kokopo) on New Britain; and Mankai and Nusa (now Kavieng) on New Ireland. The German Marshall Islands are shown with images from Nauru Island and Jaluit and Arno atolls. There are also photos of future German Samoa (Apia and Pago Pago), and Australian Cooktown, Jervis Bay, Lord Howe Island and possibly Sydney.
The images show SMS Bussard at different locations in the South Pacific, including an image with her and two other ships of the German Imperial Navy near Jaluit, a photo of her in a harbour (apparently, Sydney) and while under repair in a dry dock. Vivid images taken on board of Bussard show torpedo exercises in Jervis Bay, a classical scene of trading with the natives in canoes nearing the ship; a scene of loading a cow to Bussard from a small vessel et al. There are a few portraits of the crew members posing on the deck with a shark, on the beach in Jervis Bay, in a native village or while operating with shells in Matupi. Very interesting is a group portrait of the members of the native armed forces taken on Bussard’s deck near Herbertshöhe; they are half naked, but wearing caps and armed with guns; a white senior officer also presents. Several pictures show native families, their huts and a village.
Three photos taken at Apia are dedicated to the infamous 1889 Apia cyclone which swept across Samoa on March 15, 1889 during the Samoan crisis. "7 ships from Germany, the US, and Britain refused to leave harbor while a typhoon was clearly approaching, lest the first moved would lose face. All the ships were sunk, except the British cruiser Calliope, which barely managed to leave port at 1 mile per hour and ride out the storm. Nearly 200 American and German lives were lost, as well as 6 ships sunk or beyond repair" (Wikipedia).
Two photos show shipwrecks in the harbour of Apia - most likely German vessels SMS Adler and SMS Eber, both wrecked and sunk. Another large photograph shows a monument to the victims of the hurricane, one plaque clearly reads "Adler," a smaller tomb stone leaning over the monument is dedicated to "Unsere Sohn Hans Sieger."


[Photo Album of 124 Original Photographs of Greece and Turkey Titled:] "Voyage du Korrigan 1885. Grece, Turquie."

1885. Large Oblong Folio (ca. 33x49 cm). 124 albumen photographs mounted on 83 stiff card leaves. Larger photographs 21x26 cm (8 ½ x 10 ½ in) and smaller ones 14,5x10,5 cm (6x4 in). Photographs captioned in French in manuscript on mounts. Many additionally captioned in negative and many of the Turkish ones signed P. Sebah in negative. Period black half morocco with black pebbled boards, gilt titled on front cover. Extremities slightly rubbed but overall a very good album of generally good strong images.
This large and impressive album of a Mediterranean voyage on the schooner "Korrigan II" owned by Pierre-Augustin-Joseph de Montaigu includes beautiful views, portraits and archeological finds from Greece and Turkey including images from Athens (16), Greeks in local costumes (8), Greek archeological finds (17), Argos, Kalabaka (9), Trikkala, Constantinople and environs (27), Turks in local costume (42) etc.
Many of the Turkish images are from the photographic firm started in Constantinople in 1857 by Pascal Sebah (1823-1886) which "was one of the most prolific studios in the Orient in the 19th century"(Jacobsen p 269-70). "Sebah's photographs of the period are among the best productions by a commercial photographer, and no doubt the silver medal he won at the Exposition Universelle of 1878 for his highly praised Egyptian photographs was well deserved" (Perez p.222).


CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Eleven Original Watercolour Views of Saigon, Bangkok and Scenes of Everyday life in French Indochina].

1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; seven larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Watercolours mounted on ten period watermarked laid paper leaves. Mounts slightly soiled and stained, but the watercolours are bright and in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a skilful amateur artist, a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. The earliest watercolour in the collection, dated 1877, is a view of Bangkok. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.


[Two Detailed Manuscript Testimonials of a Voyage of the Merchant brig Jane to the West Indies in 1780, and the Circumstances of Her Shipwreck during the Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane, Notarially Certified in Montego Bay and London; With a Period Copy of Jane’s Portledge Bill for 1781].

Montego Bay (Jamaica) - London, 1780-1781. Three Folio Manuscripts (ca. 44x28 cm, ca. 40x26 cm and ca. 36,5x22 cm) folded to Octavos. 3, 1 and 3 pp each. Each brown ink on watermarked laid paper, each docketed on the last blank page. Two signed by deponents and notaries, one with two tax stamps and a notarial seal. Fold marks, but overall very good and legible documents.
Interesting collection of three original manuscripts revealing the story of the voyage of British merchant brig Jane to the West Indies in 1780 and her experience of the Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane on 3 October 1780, during which she was considerably damaged and a large part of her cargo was lost. The documents include an affidavit, compiled in Montego Bay (Jamaica) on 10 January 1781 and signed by Jane’s Commander James Jones, first mate William Barrey and boatswain Sever Brown. The affidavit was witnessed before Samuel Mottershed, Esq., a Justice for the parish of Saint James; and certified by Ralph Montague, Notary Public in Montego Bay (St. James parish, Cornwall County, Jamaica). The other document is a notarially certified “Declaration of a protest”, compiled after Jane’s return to Britain. The document is signed by James Jones and William Barrey and certified by a London notary on 31 August 1781. The last document is a period copy of Jane’s portledge bill, for the period from 30 January to September 1781, listing twenty-six crew members (including captain), their station, length of service, and amount of wages due and paid.
The affidavit and declaration of protest give a detailed account of Jane’s voyage to the Caribbean and the circumstances of her damage during the notorious Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane which struck Montego Bay where Jane had been moored, on 3 October 1780. Jane arrived to Kingston from London on 1 August 1780, under the escort of HMS Thunderer and other men-of-war; later that month she sailed for the Black River where she received a cargo of logwood, mahogany and pimento. In Montego Bay she was additionally loaded with sugar and rum. Whilst there Jane experienced a severe storm, and in spite of the attempt to find asylum in the mouth of the Great River, the brig drag both anchors and was driven to a reef where she was struck against the rocks many times. The ship was a wreck and couldn’t be taken off the reef for another three weeks. The cargo, anchors and guns were reloaded in order to lighten the ship, and when the time came to reload, it turned out that a large part of the cargo had been “washed about the beach owing to sundry gales of wind <…> and many pieces buried in the sand.” In spite of the “utmost endeavours” some part of cargo were never recovered.
Jane returned to Montego Bay on 27 January 1781 and on 17 March left the West Indies for London, in a convoy of ninety merchantmen, protected by HMS Edmont Graffton, Trident Bristol and Endymion. The long, five-month return trip was perilous, with her taking “a great deal of water <…> so as to keep the pump almost constantly going.” The next day after arrival the captain filed the present declaration of protest at the office of a London notary which solemnly stated: “I do protest against the Seas and bad weather, and particularly against the Violent Hurricane which the said Ship met with in Jamaica when taking on board her said Cargo as above mentioned for all Loss and Damage happened to the said Brig and Cargo;” he declared “that when the said Brig begun to take in her said Cargo at Jamaica aforesaid She was tight Staunch and Strong <…> and provided with all things needful for such a Brig and Voyage. That as well During the time the said Brig was on Shore in Jamaica as aforesaid, as at all other times, he this appearer and the Rest of the said Brig’s Company Exorted [sic!] themselves to the utmost of their Power and used their utmost Endeavours to preserve the said Brig and Cargo from Damage, so that what Loss and Damage hath happened to the said Brig and Cargo was intirely [sic!] occasioned by the means aforesaid and not through any insufficiency in the said Brig neglect of him appearer or any of his mariners.”


[Attractive Lacquered Album with 112 Original Photographs of Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Hawaii Taken During an Around the World Trip Titled]: "Around the World, 1900."

1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 32,5x41 cm). With112 gelatin silver prints of various size mounted on 21 stiff card leaves, including 10 large images, ca. 25,5x29 cm (ca. 10 x 11 ½ in), and three large colour photos, ca. 20x26 cm (ca. 8x10 ¼ in). Manuscript ink captions on the mounts. Original lacquered Japanese album with leather spine, marbled paper endpapers, all edges gilt. Rebacked in style, boards slightly rubbed and neatly repaired on the corners, minor foxing of the endpapers, otherwise a very good album.
The album includes photos taken by a British traveller during a trip around the world, dated 20 March - 31 August 1900. The author left London in the beginning of March on the P.& O. Steamer Arcadia and proceeded to Port Said and Colombo, where he changed to the R.M.S. Chusan for Hong Kong. After calling at Penang and Singapore he arrived to Hong Kong, and visited Canton and Macao. Then he proceeded to Japan, arriving to Kobe on 4 May and travelling around the country until the end of June. On 20 June he left on S.S. “Futami Maru”, calling at Manila, Samoa, and Hawaii. One of the last photos dated 31 August 1900 shows the Niagara Falls.
The images of Japan comprise the majority of the album (63) and include views of Yokohama harbour, Tokyo (Kameido shrine, private house owned by certain Englishman Milne et al.), Kiga, a series of images of the Nikko shrines with the “celebrated Red Lacquer Bridge”, Eaimitsu temple, Karamon gate, bronze Torii, “Avenue of criptomenia trees”, botanical garden et al. Interesting in the image of the “fish flags” waving in Nikko during the Tango no Sekku or the Boys Holiday – “the idea is that as the fish swims against the stream, so may the boy ‘swim’ through life”. The author also took a series of photos of a temple procession in Nikko, with a picture of “3 gold shrines, 75 men to carry each. These are not allowed to be photographed”. Other images shows street musicians, small tea houses and hotels, Kyoto geishas, Nagoya Castle, Nara City et al. Three colour photos show Lake Hakone and Mount Fuji. The album opens with a self portrait of the compiler shown mounted on a horse, with his guide Hirakata, at the Otome Toge pass where “one gets a magnificent view of Fujiyama”.
A series of interesting photos of China include view of the Hong Kong harbour with the building of the Club, “the Queen’s road” and monument to the Queen Victoria in Hong Kong, view of Macao taken from the hotel ‘Boa Vista’, several dreadful images of execution of pirates in Canton, native boats crowded on the Canton river, a portrait of the travelling party at the palace of “Li Hung Chang” (Li Hongzhang, 1823-1901, a noted Chinese politician) et al. The beginning of the album numbers 14 views of Port Said, Colombo, Penang and Singapore, with street views, native boats with painted eyes in the bows, diving boys, and islands near Singapore which “we were passing nearly all day & each one seemed more beautiful that the last”. In the end of the album there are over a dozen photos of Manila, Samoa and Hawaii with large views of Honolulu, scenes of “Cricket at Apia”, portraits of natives, Hawaiian dancers et al.


25. [MALTA]
AGIUS, H[oratio] (1844-1910)
[Album with Twenty-Two Original Photographs of Malta & One loose Image of the R.M.S. Himalaya [With] Twelve Mounted Chromolithographic Bull Fighting Scenes].

Cospiqua-Malta, ca. 1884. Folio (38x28 cm). 30 leaves. Twenty-two albumin photographs mounted on twelve leaves. Most photos ca. 20.5x26 cm (8x10 in). Also, one loose photo ca. 15x28.5 cm (6x11 in) of the R.M.S. Himalay a with part of lower mount missing and twelve mounted chromolithographic bull fighting scenes, J. Arias, Sevilla. Period style gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with dark olive cloth boards. Mounts mildly foxed, otherwise a very good album.
Horatio Agius worked in Malta from (ca. 1860 to 1900) and exhibited his photographs in London 1866. Eighteen of the photos are signed H. Agius and these generally strong unfaded images include views of: Maltese costumes, English, German and French Curtain, Armory, Governor's Palace, Auberge de Castille, General View Great Harbour, Royal Theatre, St. John's Church, Gate of Citta' Vecchia, General View of Floriana, Fort St. Angelo, Saluting Battery & Customs House, Entrance of the Great Harbour, Strada Reale, Landing Place Mar.


[A Collection of Fifty-Six Original Photographs and Real Photo Postcards of New Guinea Including: Fairfax (Port Moresby), Duke of York Island, Garowe Island etc.].

Ca. 1920. With fifty-six postcard sized silver gelatin images ca. 8,5x13,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in) The generally strong images are loosely housed in an original printed photographer's card cover by Harringtons Ltd. Brisbane.
The images of the collection are from the early period of the Australian mandate and show natives in traditional dress, native dwellings and settlements, colonial buildings etc., of Fairfax (Port Moresby), Duke of York Island, Garowe Island etc., many of these photographs seem to have been made on a sailing voyage to these various places in Papua New Guinea. "The Commonwealth of Australia assumed a mandate from the League of Nations for governing the former German territory of New Guinea in 1920" (Wikipedia).


NOBBS, George Hunn, Pastor (1799-1884)

[Autograph Letter Signed, 'George H. Nobbs,' to the Right Reverend Christopher Wordsworth‚ Bishop of Lincoln‚ asking for an Annotated Copy of the Scriptures “for the Use of the Congregation‚ and as an Heir-loom for the Descendants of the Community”‚ Explaining that they are Converting a Former Convict Store into a Church‚ and Describing the Origin of the Community on Pitcairn Island].
Norfolk Island, South Pacific Ocean, 30 December 1874. Large Octavo (ca. 25x20 cm). 2 pp., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Legible handwriting‚ but with some moderate water damage probably incurred in the mails‚ one edge ragged‚ other minor defects. Overall a good letter.
A great letter and an important Norfolk Island relic‚ despite the water staining. George Hunn Nobbs, the pastor of the descendants of the HMS Bounty mutineers, by that time for over forty years, is writing to his superior, the Bishop of Lincoln, with the latest news from his “isolated, but happy home.” He asks His Lordship to grant the community with a copy of the Bible and proceeds: “The people I represent are the descendants of the Mutineers of H.M.S. Bounty - and formerly dwelling on Pitcairn Island‚ but now‚ by favour of our Gracious Queen‚ and philanthropy of influential Friends in England‚ in possession of the large portion of Norfolk Island.” He also refers to the Melanesian Mission‚ with whom the island was shared in an uneasy partnership, and describes the destruction of the old church in a cyclone‚ and the whaling boats being washed away by a tidal wave, but “we are now recovering from this elemental war‚ & hope to have our new Church ready for public Worship by Easter next. The consecration must‚ of course‚ be deferred until a Successor to our honoured and beloved Friend Bishop Patterson is appointed...” He expresses his readiness to provide further information about the community, “should Your Lordship be desirous”, and additionally asks for the bishop’s “autograph on the “Fly Leaf” with a word or two of paternal salutation to the community.”
George Hunn Nobbs arrived on Pitcairn Island in 1828 and became the schoolmaster and an unordained pastor to a community descended from HMS Bounty mutineers and Tahitian islanders. On 18 October 1829 Nobbs married Sarah Christian‚ the granddaughter of Fletcher Christian, who had let the mutiny. In 1852 he was ordained in London and commissioned as Chaplain of Pitcairn Island. In 1856 the community moved to Norfolk Island‚ a Crown Colony previously occupied by convict prisoners.


RICH, Edmund Tillotson, Colonel, C.I.E., R.E. (1874-1937)
[Unique Extensive & Historically Important Photograph and Document Archive of Edmund Rich, Summarizing his Service as the Official Surveyor of the British Colonial Forces in the North-West Frontier in 1905-1909, and Containing Excellent First-Hand Accounts of the Bazar Valley and Mohmand Campaigns of 1908, as well as a Detailed Survey of the Khyber Pass for the Planned Kabul River Railway and of the District between Malakand, Swat River and Dir.
The Archive Includes Four Photographs Albums with over 500 Original Photographs; A Custom Made Volume of Bound Orders, Reports, Maps, Telegrams, Autograph Letters, Newspaper Clippings etc. related to the Bazar Valley and Mohmand Campaigns; as well as 19 Loose Documents related to the Bazar Valley Expedition and Kabul River Railway Survey.
The collection is supplemented with a typewritten obituary of Rich, titled “Colonel E.T. Rich. Indian Frontier services”, and his photograph portrait in the uniform of the lieutenant of the Royal Engineers taken in the beginning of his service].

The collection includes:
Photograph album with the printed title 'Views of the Bazar Valley Field Force, 1908. Photographed by Captain E.T. Rich, R.E.' Peshawar: Mela Ram Photographer, [1908]. Oblong Folio (ca. 28x37,5 cm). 25 card leaves (numbered from 1 to 24). 63 gelatin silver prints of various size, including panoramas, mounted mostly two or three to a page; detailed printed captions pasted onto mounts. Map of the Bazar Valley printed on the rear paste-down endpaper. Original red cloth album.
Very rare Peshawar imprint. Collection of the official photographs illustrating the Bazar Valley Campaign (13 February - 13 March 1908) under command of General James Willcocks. The photos are placed in the following order (as in the Index prepared by E. Rich): Khaibar Pass, Chora, Walai, China, Halwai, Miscellaneous; and include large panoramas of the Bazar Valley, Walai camp, China; battle scenes, photos of destruction of Zakka Khel fortifications; portraits of soldiers at bivouac, sepoys in trenches, staff of the Bazar Valley Field force et al.
The album is supplemented with eleven loose documents related to the Bazar Valley Campaign: seven mimeographed copies of General Willcocks’ field orders (12-28 February 1908) and four autograph signed letters to Rich: from the Surveyor’s General Office (Calcutta, 9 February 1908) and from the Office of the Frontier Services (Dehra Dun, 13, 14 February, 4 March 1908).
Photograph album titled in manuscript 'Views of the Mohmand Campaign 1908 taken by Captain E.T. Rich R.E.' Oblong Folio (ca. 31x41 cm). 24 card leaves (numbered on both sides from 1 to 33), tissue guards. Ca. 127 gelatin silver prints of various size, including panoramas, mounted mostly four or five to a page; detailed manuscript captions on the mounts. Original black half roan album with green pebbled cloth boards.
The images give an invaluable first-hand account of the Mohmand Campaign (24 April-28 May 1908), showing British military camps, troops on the march, command post (General Willcocks and his staff), war correspondents (Lionel James from “The Times”); burning Mohmand villages and destroyed fortifications, jirgas (assemblies of elders) et al. There are also several interesting photos of the working survey team under Rich’s command, and some vivid snapshots, showing British soldiers “Bathing at Mulla Killi”, or “the swords of the 21st cavalry being sharpened at Shabkadar just before the Expedition started”. Nineteen images at rear are inserted as a memorial to Rich's younger brother, John Easton Rich (1879?-1907), Captain of the 2nd Battery of the Royal Field Artillery who died at Kirkee (Khadki, India). The photos show his hunting trophies, regiment, house and grave in Kirkee, et al.
Custom Made Volume of Bound Orders, Reports, Maps, Telegrams, Autograph Letters, Newspaper Clippings etc. with the printed title “Despatches, Views etc. of Bazar Valley and Mohmand Campaigns 1908”. Folio custom made half cloth folder with marbled paper boards (ca. 37x27 cm).
Includes: copies of field orders and official despatches, Rich’s survey reports, maps (including those cyclostyled by Rich in the field), relevant extracts from the Gazette of India, original photo of Rich with his survey team taken during the Mohmand Campaign, autograph letters and telegrams of congratulation on Rich's mention in the official despatches, and his brevet, newspaper clippings et al.
Photograph album titled in manuscript 'Views of the Khyber Pass, N.W. Frontier of India, taken chiefly by E.T. Rich when surveying there 1905-1909’. Oblong Folio (ca. 31x41 cm). 26 card leaves (numbered on both sides from 1 to 52), tissue guards. Ca. 176 gelatin silver prints of various size, including panoramas, mounted mostly four or five to a page; detailed manuscript captions on the mounts. Original black half roan album with green pebbled cloth boards.
The photos are placed in the following order (as in the Index prepared by E. Rich): Peshawar Plain and Jamrud; Khyber Pass from Jamrud to Torkham; Kabul River, Smatzai and Dakka (Afghanistan); Shilman Valley and Mullagori Road; Types of Tribesmen and Personal. Interesting images include a group photograph portrait commemorating the visit of the Prince and Princess of Wales to the Khyber Pass in 1905; photos from the Emir of Afghanistan’s visit to Peshawar in 1906; Jamrud fort and railway station, caravans near Ali Masjid fort, “A railway camp on the Kabul River, 3 miles from Warsak”, large panoramas of the Khyber pass in summer and winter, remote parts of the Kabul River et al. Over 30 photos at rear are vivid “Snapshots of E.T. Rich at work and play”.
The album is supplemented with seven loose documents related to the survey of the Kabul River Railroad: typewritten copy of Rich’s report of the survey results “Note on alternative Alignments proposed for the K.R.R.”, a draft of Rich’s letter to his superior with the analysis of his expedition; three telegrams with instructions from the India Survey office in Shimla, autograph letter with instructions from the Chief Engineer’s Office of the North Western Railway (Lahore, 8 May 1906); and a handwritten menu of a luncheon held in Landi Kotal on 4 December 1905 (on the printed form with the coat of arms of the Northwestern Province).
Photograph album titled in manuscript 'Views in Malakand, Swat & Dir Photographed and Compiled by Captain E.T. Rich, R.E.' [1905-1909]. Oblong Folio (ca. 31x41 cm). 26 card leaves (numbered on both sides from 1 to 48), tissue guards. Ca. 185 gelatin silver prints of various size, including panoramas, mounted mostly four or five to a page; detailed manuscript captions on the mounts. With folding manuscript map on linen mounted at rear. Original black half roan album with green pebbled cloth boards.
The photos are placed in the following order (as in the Index prepared by E. Rich): Peshawar plain, Abazai to Dargai; Malakand; Chakdara Fort; Swat Valley; Swat River Gorge and Agra; Chitral Road from Chakdara to Dir. Manuscript ‘Index map’ mounted at rear delineates the area of survey and marks the spots where photos were taken. Interesting images include frontier forts (Abazai, Malakand, Chakdara et al.), stations of the Nowshera-Dargai narrow gauge railway, river bridges, roads, wide-angle mountain panoramas, group portraits of the natives, surveyors with their instruments, British officers, their field camps et al. Last 13 photos depict the 1909 ‘Jehangira manoeuvres’ under command of General Willcocks which Rich took part in as the official photographer (images of the British troops, firing cannons, breaches in the Afridi fortifications, General Willcocks with staff, visiting ladies including Lady Willcocks et al).
The album is supplemented with a large folding linen backed map titled by Rich “Frontier near Mardan. 1 inch map carried by E.T. Rich in 1909[?]-1908, showing his survey for that year in red”.
Edmund Tillotson Rich was a British military engineer and surveyor, Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. He graduated from Sandhurst with the Pollock Medal and was gazetted as 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers. In 1895 he went out to India and was posted to railway survey work in Burma. In 1905-1909 Rich worked as survey officer on the Indian North-West Frontier, and took part in the Bazar Valley and Mohmand Campaigns of 1908 (as a divisional and a chief survey officer respectively). During the latter he was slightly wounded and for his services was promoted brevet-major. In 1911 Rich was appointed the head of the survey office on the Burma frontier post at Myitkyina, where he carried out the survey of the border with Tibet and Yunnan. In 1916-1917 he was in charge of the survey party looking for the alternative routes between Bandar Abbas and Kirman in South Persia; in 1918 – in charge of the North West Persia Survey Detachment which accompanied British intervention in the Caspian under command of General Dunsterville. Rich carried out important surveys in Baku, Batum and Tiflis.
After the WW1 Rich returned to Burma where he became the head of the Burma Circle of the Survey of India. In 1920-22 while surveying the unadministered territory between Burma and Assam he encountered slavery and human sacrifices still practiced there; in 1925 he took part in the Sir Harcourt Butler’s Mission to the Hukawng Valley to suppress slavery. Rich retired with the rank of Colonel and C.I.E. In 1929.
“Colonel Rich was a great linguist, and besides his knowledge of Urdu, Pushtu, and Persian, he was able to converse in Yunnanese and several dialects of Burma – Kachin, Maru, and Lisaw. <…> He was a keen explorer throughout his career and did much to encourage a spirit of adventure in younger officers who served under him” (Obituary/ The Geographical Journal, Vol. 91, No. 1 . Jan. 1938, p. 96).


29. [PERON, Francois] (1775-1810)
& [FREYCINET, Louis-Henri de Saulces, Baron de] (1777-1840)
Voyage de Decouvertes aux Terres Australes, excut par ordre de Sa Majeste l'Empereur et Roi, sur les corvettes le Geographe, le Naturaliste, et la Goelette le Casuarina, pendant les Annes 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803 et 1804 Rédigé par M.F. Peron. Tome Premier [Historique - Tome Second continu par M. Louis Freycinet]. - Atlas par MM. Lesueur et Petit [par Mr. L. Freycinet]. Paris: Imprimerie Impriale [vol. I] and Imprimerie Royal [vol. II], [Voyage of Discovery to Terra Australis, Executed by Order of His Majesty the Emperor and King, on the Corvettes Geographe, the Naturalist, and the Schooner the Casuarina During the Years 1800, 1801, 1802.1803 and 1804].

Paris: Chez Arthus Bertrand, 1807-1816. First Edition. Quarto 2 vols. & Folio Atlas. [iv], [xvii], 496, [2]; xxxi, 471; [vi]; [v] pp. Text: engraved portrait and two folding tables; Atlas: Part I: engraved title and forty engraved plates including the folding panoramas of Sydney and Timor (twenty-four plates hand coloured). Part II: engraved title and fourteen engraved maps (two folding), including the "Carte Generale de la Nouvelle-Hollande." Handsome period style navy elaborately gilt tooled full straight-grained morocco. A near fine set.
"In 1800 an expedition organized by the Institute of France and placed under the command of Nicolas Baudin sailed for the South Seas. Their particular instructions were to make a full and minute examination of the Australian coasts, and especially to explore the southern coast, "where there is supposed to be a strait communicating with the Gulf of Carpentaria, and which consequently would divide New Holland into two large and almost equal islands." The maps and charts [were] prepared by Freycinet, who continued the publication after the death of Peron.., Peron the naturalist on this voyage, was able to prepare a huge zoological collection that was known for years for its excellence." (Hill 1329); Ferguson 979. "In 1800 [Peron] was engaged by Nicolas Thomas Baudin as 'trainee zoologist charged with comparative anatomy' for Baudin's exploratory voyage to the southern and western coasts of Australia" (Howgego 1800-1850, P21).


[Photograph Album of Forty-eight Photographs & Photogravures of Port Said, Aden, Zanzibar and Uganda from the Trip of a German Traveller].

Ca. 1900. Oblong Small Folio (ca. 35x25,5 cm). Nineteen stiff card leaves with gelatin silver photographs and prints tipped in, several loosely inserted in the end. The size of the images varies from ca. 22x17 cm (8x6 in) to ca. 16,5x9 cm (6 ½ x 3 ½ in). The majority are with pencil captions in German on verso. Period brown buckram with printed label "Etama" on the last pastedown endpaper. One image with a repaired tear, several images slightly faded, but overall a very good album.
Interesting collection of photographs of Aden, Port Said, Zanzibar, and Uganda taken at the end of the 19th century including both postcard type prints by major local photographers and unique photos made by the traveller. The collection includes large photogravure views of Port Said by Cairo photographers Lichtenstern & Harari (five prints, with three numbered 162, 168, 184 in the negative), and six smaller Port Said postcard type views; eight views of Aden captioned in English in the negative by J.M.C. (in British Library collection deciphered as J.M. Clayton), including two large two part panorama 43x15,5 cm.
The Zanzibar images include eleven photographs by Pereira de Lord Brothers, who were among the most prolific photographers at Zanzibar, with their wet stamps on versos. The images show views of the Zanzibar Old city – Stone town, including the Sultan’s palace with the electric tower next to it (the building was named "House of Wonders" because it was the first building in Zanzibar to have electricity, and also the first building of East Africa to have an elevator), English church, city streets, traditional Zanzibari wooden carved door, forest landscape et al.
Among pictures from Uganda is an interesting group portrait of a young sultan with his suite and European colonial officials, a view of Entebbe (British colonial centre since 1893) and two scenes of military parade of the local troops commanded by British officers. A photograph stamped "Alfred Lobo. Entebbe. Uganda" shows an African tribesman with shield and spear and in war paint. There are also several other unidentified interesting photographs showing African nobility, European colonial officials (also having a drink together), landscapes and African natives.


Annaes Maritimos e Coloniaes. Publicação Mensal Redigida sob a Direcção da Associação Maritima e Colonial [Maritime and Colonial Annals: Monthly Publication Issued under the Direction of the Maritime and Colonial Association].

Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional, 1840-1846. First Edition. Octavo, 6 vols. With a total of thirteen lithograph maps, plans and charts (twelve folding, three in color), nine lithograph plates (seven folding; one large), and one large folding table, plus many tables in the text. Handsome period maroon and brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled and papered boards. Bound in a similar but not quite uniform style. Vol. 2 bound without a title page. A couple of plates with repairs and markings of removed old adhesive tape, a couple of places of mild foxing, two volumes with slight cracking of hinges but holding. Overall a clean very good set.
Complete, with 103 issues in 6 vols. 533, [3], 12; 583, [5]; 346, [2], 641, [2]; [1 – t.p.], 409, [2], [1 – t.p.], 455, [2]; 235, [1], 512, [2]; 56, 135 pp.
A complete set (103 issues) of the first and only edition of this important Portuguese periodical dedicated to navigation, geographical exploration and colonial issues, and published by the Associação Maritima e Colonial in Lisbon. The materials include important original articles on the Portuguese colonies in Africa (Angola and Mozambique), India (Goa), China (Macau), Indonesia (Timor and other islands, e.g. Solor); official documents by the Portuguese government regarding maritime and colonial issues, as well as current statistical information from the colonies; first publications of the accounts of Portuguese voyages of exploration (e.g. In the Central Africa); interesting archival documents regarding Portuguese voyages and discoveries from the XVth century onwards and many others.
The collection includes three lengthy articles serialized through many issues: one is on the Portuguese colonies in Asia, including Macau and Timor, one on Portuguese explorations in the interior of Africa (diary of Dr. Francisco Jose de Lacerda e Almeida), and one on Portuguese colonies on the west coast of Africa (Angola). Other articles are dedicated to the Solor Island (Indonesia), Mozambique, the trade with the Malay Archipelago, the priority of Portuguese explorations in the Northern and Central Africa; problems of Christianisation and public education of the population of the Portuguese colonies et al. There are also accounts of the most important international expeditions of the time, e.g. Dumont-Dourville’s travel to the Antarctic (1837-40), Dupetit-Thouars’ circumnavigation of the frigate Venus (1836-39), Canadian Arctic exploration by the Hudson’s Bay Company vessels, the US Exploring Expedition in the South Pacific in 1838-40 et al. The publications also include texts of international anti-slavery treaties, documents on exports and imports, articles on the latest navigation techniques and machines, e.g. Steam ships, et al.
The charts are aimed at helping sailors to navigate in difficult ports, and show the harbors of Lisbon, Goa, Quellimane (Mozambique, hand coloured), Dilly (Timor), Mossamedes (modern Namibia, Angola) and Lobito (Benguela province of Angola); there are also folding plans of the city of Goa, a Portuguese fort in Pungo an Dongo (Angola); a topographical chart of the National Forest of Leiria (Portugal) and others. Plates include two views of the rapids de São Salvador da Pesqueira on the river Douro (Portugal) – before and after the works which removed the rapids and made the river navigable at this point; a nicely executed large folding view of the façade of the famous ruin of St. Paul’s Cathedral in Macau, a reprint of a document in Chinese, a draft of a vapour vessel, a statistical table of the population of the Portuguese Goa and others.
Volume I contains 11 issues and a supplement (pp. 529-33), followed by an index (3 pp.), as described in Fonseca, and "Estatutos da Associação Maritima" (12 pp., paginated separately), which is not mentioned in Fonseca. In volume II, there are 12 issues. Volumes III, IV and V each contain 24 issues: 12 in the "Parte Official," 12 more in the "Parte Não Official." In volume VI, only 4 issues each of the "Parte Official" and "Parte Não Official" were published. Fonseca calls for only 1 folding plate and 3 maps in the "Parte Não Official" of volume III, where this copy has 3 plates and 4 maps. Fonseca also fails to mention the single leaf preceding the text in both "Partes" of volume IV.
Innocêncio I, 72; Sabin 1577a.


32. [RENNEVILLE, Constantin de] (ca. 1650-1723)
A Collection of Voyages, Undertaken by the Dutch East-India Company, for the Improvement of Trade and Navigation. Containing an Account of Several Attempts to find out the North-East Passage, and their Discoveries in the East-Indies, and the South Seas. Together with an Historical Introduction, Giving an Account of the Rise, Establishment and Progress of that Great Body. Translated into English.

London: W. Freeman et al., 1703. First Edition. Octavo. [32], 336 pp. With ten copper engraved maps. Handsome brown period gilt tooled speckled panelled full calf with brown gilt title label. Hinges with some minor repair, otherwise a very good copy.
"English translation of the first volume of Commelin's Begin ende Voortgangh (1645)". Includes Pontanus' "Dissertation on a North West Passage," a short account of Hudson's first attempt to find the North West Passage, the "Account of the Five Rotterdam Ships," and verious other accounts of voyages to the East Indies, notably to Java and Sumatra" (Hill 1438); Cox I, p.9; Sabin 14401.


[Photograph Album with Forty-six Photographs Showing British colonial rule in Zimbabwe and Zambia].

Ca. 1905. Oblong Large Octavo (ca. 16,5x22,5 cm), twenty-three leaves. 46 original gelatin silver print photographs (each ca. 12x17 cm), with manuscript captions on the mounts. Period mauve cloth covers, neatly rebacked. Period presentation description on verso of the front cover: "To Dear (?) Old George." Covers slightly soiled and faded, margins slightly browned, otherwise a very good album.
A very interesting album depicting British colonial rule in Zimbabwe and Zambia, (Southern and North-Western Rhodesia). The album is from first decade of the 20th century, when the brutal First and Second Matabele Wars (1893-94 and 1896-97) had finished and the region started to experience a quick development of the tourist industry. However, the memory of the wars still existed and thus one of the photographs included is "Indaba tree under which Lobengula rendered barbaric justice" (Lobengula Khumalo (1845-1894) was the second and last king of the Ndebele people; his death during the First Matabele war resulted in the destruction of the Ndebele kingdom and its conquest by the British South Africa Company).
The album consists of artistic views of the natural wonders and exact observations of Rhodesian life at the time, and comprises a highly interesting collection. The strong photographs show views of the Victoria Falls, including those of Livingston island, Devil’s Cataract, the Main Fall, local boaters waiting to take passengers across Zambezi River, "The Zambezian Regatta Course" and several views of the Victoria Bridge from different positions (including a view of the unfinished bridge which was under construction in 1904-5). As the owner of the album mentioned a hotel where some pictures had been taken (‘Beautiful view taken in front of the Hotel,' ‘View taken in the front of the Hotel showing spray & bridge’), it’s logically to presume that the town Victoria Falls (northern Zimbabwe) was meant. The town lies on the southern bank of the Zambezi River at the western end of the Victoria Falls; it became a major tourist centre after the Victoria Bridge had been opened in April 1905 (Wikipedia).
Another group of pictures include detailed views of Bulawayo, an important centre of British Southern Rhodesia: Government House, Market Hall, Main Street, Grand Hotel, public library, Memorial Hospital, the Rhodesian Club and others. Bulawayo, a former capital of the Ndebele kingdom, severely destroyed during the First Matabele War and which had survived a siege during the Second war, was rebuilt and populated with colonial settlers very quickly, thanks to numerous goldfields in its vicinity.
There are also interesting views of the ruins of Khami, a capital of the ancient African Kingdom of Butua, located 22 km west of Bulawayo. Khami (UNESCO Heritage Site since 1986) was the capital of the Torwa dynasty for about 200 years from around 1450 and appears to have been founded at the time of the disappearance of the civilization at Great Zimbabwe (Wikipedia).
Moreover, there are great views of the memorial to the Shengani Patrol and the grave of Cecil John Rhodes (1853-1902), the founder of Rhodesia, situated on so called ‘World's View’ in the Matobo National Park (Zimbabwe).
The Shangani Patrol was a group of white Rhodesian pioneer police officers killed in battle on the Shangani River in Matabeleland in 1893. The incident achieved a lasting, prominent place in Rhodesian colonial history. The Shangani Patrol became a part of the mythology of white conquest, with its leaders Allan Wilson and Henry Borrow hailed as national heroes. A memorial to the Patrol was erected at the request of Cecil Rhodes in 1905 on the Matobo Hills, a sacred place for local tribes. Designed by John Tweed, it is an austere, oblong monument, 33 feet (10 m) high and made of granite blocks hewn from the neighbouring kopje, with a panel on each of the four sides depicting the members of the patrol in bas relief. Rhodes’s grave is located nearby. One of the photographs shows workers, leaving the monument after unveiling it.
‘Zambia’ views include pictures of the Kafue Bridge, which was built over the Kafue River in what is now Zambia in 1906. It is a steel girder truss bridge of 13 spans each of 33 metres (108 ft) supported on concrete piers. The bridge was built for the Mashonaland Railways, which later merged into Rhodesian Railways and operated the line from 1927. With a length of 427 metres (1,401 ft) the Kafue Railway Bridge was the longest bridge in the Rhodesian Railways network.


[Manuscript Leaf from the Sequence of the Gospel of Saint Mark in a Book of Hours, with a Beautiful Illuminated Miniature Showing St. Mark with his Winged Lion].

Central or Northern France, probably Bourges, early sixteenth century. Single leaf, manuscript on vellum, written area ca. 15,7x10,5 cm (ca. 6 1/8 x 4 1/8 in); miniature size ca. 6,2x9,8 cm (2 3/8 x 3 ¾ in). Text in Latin for the use of Rome. Recto with 13 lines, verso with 23 lines. Text in brown and red ink, recto with a three-line initial in red and white on gold ground with a floral decoration; the text and miniature on recto within two gold frames with red pen work. Very lightly toned, small remnants of adhesive on verso. Mild water stain on the lower margin slightly affecting the text and causing mild creases; otherwise a very good leaf with a bright intact miniature.
This leaf from the second part of a Book of Hours - Gospel Sequences - opens the Sequence of the Gospel of Saint Mark. The text traditionally starts with the lines from its 16th chapter (Mark 16:14-20) regarding Christ sending his apostles on their missionary way: “In illo tempore. Recubentibue Undecim discipulie apparuit illie resue et exprobravit…”. The Sequence opens with a half-page miniature featuring St. Mark writing his Gospel and accompanied by his winged lion sitting at his feet. St. Mark is shown in blue and red gown with gilt decorations.
The studious setting around him reveals the artist’s great attention to details: St. Mark’s large armchair with decorative legs designed like lion’s paws; stone walls with arches and pottery in a niche, multi-coloured floor tiling and an open window showing blue sky and a tree. The apt use of perspective, as seen in the floor tiles, and the bold use of color and gold create an impressive impact for such a small miniature. The miniature and text are framed in gold and red, and the initial features fine floral design.
The other text on the leaf is from the Sequence of the Gospel of St. Matthew – according to the traditional structure of Books of Hours it is the second chapter (Matthew 2:1-12) narrating Christ’s Nativity.
Overall a fine leaf with a beautiful bright miniature.


[OGDEN, Richard Livingston] (1822-1900)
[Private Diary Describing Sailings of the Yachts Restless and Peerless in San Francisco Bay]: A concise and condensed history of the goings & comings & voyages of the Sloop Yacht "Restless" by a reliable not contraband but highly respectable gentleman, slightly tinctured with a fondness for salt water, a piscatorial weakness and the pursuit of ducks under difficulties.

[San Francisco], ca. 1860-1870s. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 25 pp. of text and fifty blank leaves. Brown and blue ink on laid paper, with several newspaper clippings and an ink drawing of the yacht “Restless” mounted on the leaves. Original violet full sheep notebook with raised bands and blind stamped decorative borders on the boards. Binding rubbed on extremities, hinges cracked, foot of spine chipped, but overall a very good internally clean manuscript.
Fascinating private account of the sailings of the yachts Restless and Peerless, both belonging to San Francisco industrialist and keen yachtsman Richard Livingston Ogden. Ogden came to California in 1852 as a major of the US army and subsequently established the firm of Ogden and Hayes; he was one of the founders of the Kimball Carriage and Car Manufacturing Company in the 1860s, the first president of the reorganized San Francisco Yacht Club (1874-1878) and one of the founders of the Jekyll Island Club, Georgia, in 1886.
The manuscript starts with a detailed description of the yacht Restless: "31 feet long, 16 feet beam, 3½ deep centre board, 10 feet long 12 feet wide 5 feet high, finished a la raeveaux gilt mouldings, stained glass windows, velvet cushions forming very comfortable sleeping accommodations..." Various voyages are described, such as "The first voyages of the Restless were to Sausalito on pic-nics, fishing trips, to Angel Island on clambakes, to Alcatraz on Offish-al business, to Benicia, to Martinez, and on the 3rd of July [1863] to Sacramento in 18 hours against the tide & with calm weather to contend with beating 14 schooners & sloops... On the opening of the Ducking season she was put in shooting trim and some half dozen successful voyages with glorious results..." Later on, as years passed, "The Restless was sold on the departure of the owner for the East for $1000 to a gentleman of the Lager Bier line of business who put her into service as a Ferry Boat between 3rd St. Wharf and the Potrero..."
The second half of the journal is a record of the little schooner "Peerless," another of Ogden’s yachts, launched in 1869. “Length on water line 53, length on deck, beam 17 feet, depth 5 ½. Schooner rigged, built of <…> Eastern oak, bent timber (frames), cedar & Oregon, galvanized fastenings, cabin Oregon maple & cedar, all built in best manner.” The manuscript describes Peerless’ sailings to Belmont, Martinez and Antioch. The first free endpaper bears an amateur ink sketch of the yacht Restless resting on shore and a man shooting a duck from a log nearby.
Commodore Richard L. Ogden, was “the oldest and best known yachtsman of San Francisco Bay <…>. He was in the fifties the owner of the then famous sloop Restless, the first pleasure yacht seen on these waters. It was brought from New York on a ship's deck. In 1868 he built the large schooner-yacht Peerless, one of the handsomest yachts ever built here and one that took part in the first regular regatta ever sailed on this coast. She was sold by him to the King of Samoa and became the "Samoan Navy." When the San Francisco Yacht Club was reorganized in 1875 he was elected commodore, an office he held for several years. About that time Commodore Ogden also built the fine steam yacht Quickstep and the steam launch Hi-Yah.” (San Francisco Call, October 7, 1900, 23:4)


Three Albums of over 540 Original Photographs Showing a Voyage Through the Suez Canal and Indian Ocean to the Dutch East Indies, and the Pacific Including Images of Port-Said, Ceylon, Sumatra, Java, Singapore, Malaysia, Siam, French Indochina, China, Hong Kong and Hawaii; Also a Few Additional Commercial Photographs Obtained During the Trip.

1934-1935. All albums Oblong Folio (27x36 cm), with 23, 22 and 30 stiff card leaves respectively. Over 500 mounted images, mostly ca. 6x6 cm (2 ¼ x 2 ¼) and slightly bigger 6x8,5 cm (2 ½ x 3 ¼ in); but also with a large panorama ca. 13x30,5 cm (5 ¼ x 12 in) and over 75 postcard-sized images ca. 9x14,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¾ in). All images with period captions related either to individual image or to series of them; all albums with manuscript labels pasted on verso of the front cover. With over 50 postcards showing sites visited on the trip. Period Chinese decorative cloth albums, spines are stitched through on top and bottom with decorative strings. Very good albums with strong clear photographs.
Photographs taken by a French couple on their trip around the world in 1934 and 1935 on board of the diesel-powered Dutch ship Baloeran and later on Empress of Canada, an ocean liner owned by the Canadian Pacific Steamships Company.
They journeyed through Port Said, the Suez Canal, Ceylon (Colombo), Sabang in Indonesia, Sumatra (lake Toba, Padang), Java (Batavia, Java’s Kawah Ratoe volcano, Borobudur temple compounds), Singapore, Malaysia (Penang), Bangkok in Thaïland, Angkor (53 photographs and 34 postcards), Vietnam (Saigon, the road up to Dalat), Hong Kong, China (Pekin, the Summer Palace, the Temple of Heaven, the Great Wall of China), Japan (Kyoto, Nikko), Honolulu, Pebble Beach in California, the Grand Canyon, and New York (6 postcards of New York buildings in the last pages of the album).
Several images show the couple with fellow travellers encountered along the way; scenes of local life, many monuments and strings of pictures about local economies: tea and rubber tree plantations in Indonesia and Vietnam; a gold mine in Vietnam and five images about venom collection at Institute Pasteur in Bangkok. Also, there are a series of nine postcards about the rubber crop and rubber manufacturing in Malaysia.


[WILLOUGHBY, Avarilla]
[Eight Very Attractive Original Watercolours of Seventeen Spanish Costumes].

[Warwickshire?], ca. 1829-31. Folio (ca. 39,5 x 25 cm). Five leaves of Whatman paper watermarked “1821” with three large drawings directly on the leaves, and five smaller mounted drawings (ca. 15,5x15,5 cm and 12x7 cm or slightly smaller), all in pencil, ink and gouache. Period ink captions in French and English, dated 1829-31. Period style red straight-grained half morocco with gilt tooled spine and marbled boards and endpapers. A very good collection of watercolours.
Charming collection of eight colourful watercolours showing seventeen costumes of the Spanish county of Aragon, including Vallée de Gistain (de Chistau), Valle de Broto and Riviere de Broto. Details are shown in a masterly manner; the gouaches show peasants, musicians, a mountain shepherd, a water bearer, a woman with a child, and even a contrabandist from Gavarni with a gun. Apparently (from a note which was included with other items from this estate) drawn by Avarilla Willoughby after she was 46 for her affectionate daughter Cecilia.


[A Portfolio of Twenty-one Large Original Photographs of a German Tobacco Plantation near Medan in Sumatra, 1888 Titled:] “Erinnerung an Sumatra."

May 1888. Large Folio (50x40 cm). Portfolio with 21 original albumen photographs with 19 larger ones ca, 27 x 36 cm (10.5 x 14in.) and slightly smaller, one image in duplicate. Many captioned in German in ink on mounts. Two photo are smaller group portraits each ca. 17x22,5 cm (7x9 in). Period brown decorative gilt titled cloth portfolio. With mild wear at extremities, mild foxing of photograph mounts, and some corners with minor chipping and wearing of mounts, but overall a very good collection of strong photos.
This portfolio documents photographically the tobacco plantation of the Bekalla Estate, Deli, Sumatra O.K. The strong images show a tobacco warehouse, the plantation, surrounding hills, the plantation owners' house with European staff (several named), "Bekalla River" running through the estate, house of the local chieftain with locals outside, group portrait of locals, process of tobacco sorting in a factory, group portrait of plantation leadership, tobacco plants, group portraits of workers, inside of Jacob Weil's house, an inside view of a veranda etc.., The Bekalla Estate was in the Deli Serdang Regency, in Northeastern Sumatra, surrounding the city of Medan. "Medan did not experience significant development until the 1860s, when the Dutch colonialists began clearing the land for tobacco plantations. Medan quickly became a center of government and commercial activity, dominating development of Indonesia's western region" (Wikipedia). The present portfolio documents the development of such a tobacco plantation.


[Album with 137 Original Photographs of the Trinitarian Mission in Jilib, Somalia].

Ca. 1910-1924. Folio (ca. 37x20 cm). 50 grey card leaves (27 blank). With 137 gelatin silver prints, the majority (123) of postcard size, the rest are from ca. 14,5x10,5 cm (5 ¾ x 4 ¼ in) to ca. 8x5,5 cm (3 x 2 ¼ in). Twenty-one photos with period manuscript captions in black or golden ink starting with: “Somalia Italiana. Gelib”. Ten photos with period ink manuscript text or inscriptions on recto or verso; two with French and Italian postal stamps dated “1924”. Original light green cloth album with two elaborate art nouveau metal vignettes on the front cover. A number of leaves with minor damage, about a dozen photos faded and with minor creases or losses on the corners, otherwise a very good album.
Interesting eye-witness account of the early years of the Trinitarian Catholic Mission in Gelib (Jilib), Southern Somalia. Compiled by mission member, the album shows a small, but well maintained settlement with a church and a main mission’s house, surrounded by a native village. The missionaries dressed in robes with distinctive Trinitarian red and blue crosses, are shown with children from the missionary school, while giving medical help to the locals (with one image showing a well equipped medical cabinet), working in fields, building wells, making mud bricks, visiting villages and even exploring the environs on a bike. The photos also show local villages and their inhabitants - farmers, shepherds with cows, Arab soldiers, elders, women with babies and numerous children, playing around or in the mission yard where swings had been constructed for them. There are also photos of the neighbouring Jubba River, and of a mosque in Jilib. Two images show the grave of the mission’s founder Father Leandro dell’Addolorata (1872-1906); there is also a portrait of a missionary with Princess Hélène d'Orléans (1871-1951), Duchess of Aosta, who visited Jilib during her travel to Africa in the 1910s.
The album was apparently compiled by a French member of the mission, some Padre Ludovic Richard, whose notes and comments present on seventeen photos and postcards from the album. The notes were addressed from “P[adre] Ludovico” to “Monsieur Antoin Richard” (apparently his brother), and dated 1918-1924, starting with the notes from Italy and finishing with letters from Jilib. P. Ludovic gace some comments on the mission’s affairs and named several missionaries present on the photos.
The Catholic mission in Jilib was opened in 1905 by Father Leandro Dell’Addolorata, a member of the Trinitarian religious order dedicated to liberation of Christians held in captivity. The main goal for the Trinitarian mission in Jilib was the protection of the local non-Muslim population of Bantu origin. Father Leandro “argued that most people living in the Jilib area declared themselves Muslim in order to strengthen their free status. <…> For several years, the Trinitarian fathers, an order dedicated to the defence of slaves, were prevented from entering Somalia by the Italian government, which feared that their activities would lead the Muslim population to rise in revolt. This prohibition adds weight to Father Dell’Addolorata’s suggestion that the people living along the Jubba River were not Muslim; he endorsed the idea that evangelization was feasible” (The Invention of Somalia/ Ed. By Ali Jimale Ahmed. The Red Sea Press, 1995, p. 194-195). The Trinitarian mission in Jilib went under the jurisdiction of the Apostolic Prefecture of Benadir (later Diocese of Mogadishu) in 1924. After the beginning of the Somali civil war its state is unknown.


D’ESTREES, Jean; Vice Admiral of Ponant, (1624-1707)
[Autograph Letter Signed ‘Le Comte d’Estrees’ to Jean Descloreaux, General Intendant of the French Navy in Brest].

On board the Sceptre, 10 July 1692 1 p. Quarto bifolium (ca. 23x17 cm), addressed and sealed on the 4th page. Text in French. Round hole on the 4th page after opening, not affecting the text, mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
An interesting letter from Jean D’Estrees, an important naval commander of Louis XIV. Written in the aftermath of France’s defeat at the battle of La Hougue (29 May1692) in the Cotentin peninsula, the letter mainly hints at one of Estrees's poorly orchestrated tactical manoeuvres when in charge of a fleet of 45 vessels. Assigned to the protection of the port city of Brest, he chose for an unknown reason to sail out to the Landevenec River and hide his fleet in its meanders. Strongly rebuked by French naval minister Pontchartrain, he finally sailed back to his previous position in the port of Brest.
The letter is addressed to the general intendant of the French navy in Brest and informs him that “I have no doubt that Mr. de Pontchartrain had let you know about the King's intentions regarding the river Landevenec; he does not want these vessels to remain there, so there is no time to waste and leave those vessels stranded in the harbour [...] we will all sail out of here with a silent tide[...] [...] there are manifold of appearances so that within twenty-four hours, we will [...] them in the same order as we were before”. He asks his correspondent to provide the fleet with a few masts and rafts, “please be kind to tow them across to the headland as soon as all ships have sailed out of harbour. We will have to think about getting some seamen to replace the missing ones and hiring new crew members.”
Jean II d'Estrées was a Marshal of France (1681), and an important naval commander of Louis XIV. His aunt was Gabrielle d'Estrées, lover of King Henry IV of France. He joined the navy in 1668, and took part in the campaigns in the Caribbean, and the Franco-Dutch War; he served as the Vice Roy of the New France in 1681-1687. A letter of D’Estrees also written on board the “Sceptre” (25 July 1692) is included in the “Inventaire des dessins et estampes relatifs au Département de l’Aisne” of the National Library of France (Catalogue by E. Fleury, Paris, 1887, p. 127, # 2077).


[Fascinating Manuscript Account of the Travels of Two Englishmen to the Crimean Battlefields, Thirty Years after the Crimean War, Illustrated with Superb Humorous Ink Drawings]: Yarn and the Major Visit the Crimea. 8 August 1883 – 6 April 1884.

Quarto. 136 pp. Brown ink manuscript on watermarked laid paper. With forty-nine original drawings and three sketch maps in text. Period green moiré cloth boards rebacked with light brown half sheep with gilt lettered title on the spine. Bookplate of John Duck on the first pastedown endpaper. Very good journal.
Interesting historical commentary of the events of the Crimean War, compiled almost thirty years after the war’s end. This travel journal is written in a witty and humorous manner narrates two British gentlemen’s travels to Crimea in summer 1883 during which they visited the famous battlefields of Inkerman, Sevastopol and Balaklava. The manuscript consists of eight chapters, with four of them titled: “Sebastopol” (Chapter 4), “Inkerman” (Chapter 5), “Sebastopol. The pleasure garden” (Chapter 6), “The Malakhoff Redan, the Cemeteries & Balaklava” (Chapter 7). The full names of travellers remain unknown, but they call each other “Johnnie”, “Yarn” or “Commodore”, and “Jack” “Mayor” or “Kanard”. Their notes and observations of the Crimean sites reveal a good knowledge of the history of the Crimean War: with names and dates being remembered quickly and several referrals to Kinglake’s monumental “The Invasion of the Crimea” (London, 1863-1887, 8 vols.) which they regret not to have with them.
Thus, at the site of the Battle of Inkerman: “they thought of the cold drizzly rain, the damp obscuring fog, the dismal features & gloomy surroundings of that never to be forgotten morning in November 1854 <…> though the minds of both passed visions of the fighting soldiers of the 41st, the 49th, 77th, 88th & the other meager battalions brought up to confront the enemy, <…> visions of the Guards in the Sandbag Battery as they fought tooth & nail against the dense mosses of the grey coated Muscovites; of the advance and death of the gallant Cathcart, of the grim humour of Pennefather & the antique heroism of Lord Raglan” (p. 68-69).
In Sevastopol the travellers were surprised to that the city still remained in ruins: “there were houses along the route here & there, evidently not very ancient, but the rest of the town was simply one mass of ruins. All was a roofless chaotic mass, broken columns, walls half or wholly down, & the debris of what were once stately buildings scattered about in all directions. <…> with the exception of the sunken ships having been raised & the entrance to the harbour cleared, very little appears to have been done” (p. 50-51).
The Malakoff Kurgan “was a natural hill fortified by art, and though its ditch, its riveted slopes, scarp & counterscarp; its banquets, its terrepleine & ramparts were somewhat ruined by explosions, & thirty years of neglect had jumbled up its shape & caused its lines to be [?] & confused; though grass & wild flowers now overran its ramparts, & as if in mockery at man’s work held up their humble heads & flourished in the sunshine, yet the modern fortification was plainly visible” (p. 91). The travellers got some bullets and fragments of shells picked from around the Malakhov by a farmer whose house was nearby.
The Malakhov Redan “was scarcely distinguishable as a Fort, being simply a mound with little or nothing in the shape of masonry about it, tho’ the general outline of the work & its ditch could be traced. From here it was at once seen that the Malakoff was the true Key to the position.” It was here that they found the collection of unburied bones, which provoked comments on death and the circle of life.
Furthermore, during the course of their travels they talk about the Crimean Tartars (p. 54), St. Vladimir’s Cathedral, which they called “the Church of the four Admirals” (M. Lazarev, V. Kornilov, V. Istomin, P. Nakhimov); Count’s Landing (Grafskaya Pristan) with notes about Count Vorotsov, spend an evening in the Sevastopol pleasure garden, are surprised to discover that there is a railway from Sevastopol to Moscow; pass the Korabelnaya Storona and see the ruins of the Russian “Karabel Barracks”
Visit the British Cemetery, read inscriptions on the graves, one being of Brigadier General Goldie killed in the battle of Inkerman – a monument to him had been seen by the travellers on the Isle of Man
Additionally they constantly get into funny incidents because nobody understands English, and barely speaks French; examples include: Enjoying the Crimean wine (p. 26-27); Tea drinking: The tea was served in glasses, with a slice of lemon in it. It was a trifle different to our ideas of tea, which are always associated with tea cups & so on, no one took cream, but everyone just put as much sugar in his glass as he thought proper (p. 37); Humorous description of buying the Russian cigars; Refresh with vodka in a small hotel in Balaklava which reminds them of Bourbon etc.
Overall all an interesting lively account illustrated with evocative drawings.


[Anonymous Large Original Photograph Panorama of Vladivostok].

Ca. 1890s. Large folding albumen print panorama ca. 24x74 cm (9 ½ x 29 ¼ in), dissected in two parts and mounted on original card. Unsigned. Beautiful sharp strong image, this panorama is in near fine condition.
Beautiful panorama of downtown Vladivostok looking east, with the Golden Horn Bay and numerous naval and commercial ships on the right, and Eagle’s Nest Hill on the left. The central part of the panorama shows a perfect overview of the city’s downtown core – the conjunction of Svetlanskaya and Aleutskaya Streets, with busy commercial and residential developments. Among the buildings shown are: Vladivostok Dormition Cathedral (completed in 1899, destroyed by Soviet government in 1938); rails and cars of the Trans-Siberian Railroad in the foreground; newly built bank offices; city wharfs with administrative buildings et al.


43. [WALKER, Henry, Captain]
[Manuscript Journal of the Ship Ida From Boston Voyage to Valparaiso, San Blas, Guayaquil and back to Boston in 1821-23, Titled]: Journal kept on board the Ship Ida of Boston <...> from Boston towards N.W. Coast of America.

[Primarily at sea], 1821-1823. Folio (31x19 cm). [188] pp. With two manuscript deeds, and four other sheets of manuscript laid in. Period brown quarter sheep with marbled boards, housed in a new light brown cloth clamshell box with green gilt lettered sheep label. Rubbed at extremities, lightly soiled. Some minor scattered foxing, else text is clean and very legible. Deeds chipped and lightly foxed. Old fold lines; one reinforced along folds, the other with a hole one inch by two, affecting text. Overall a very good manuscript.
The journal details Ida’s voyage in 1821-23 from Boston to San Blas in Mexico around Cape Horn, with stops in Valparaiso (Chile) and Guayaquil (Ecuador), and the return journey to the United States. The voyage went in several stages: at first, from Boston to Valparaiso (December 7th, 1821 - February 14th, 1822); then after a two-month furlough from Valparaiso to San Blas (April 12th - May 24th, 1822); then back to South America, to Guayaquil (August 2nd - September 4th of the same year); from there back to Valparaiso (October 11th - November 24th, 1822), and a return journey to the US (June 1st - July 6th, 1823).
The journal methodically records the nautical details of Ida’s voyage: wind and weather conditions, daily mileage, speed of the ship each hour, latitude and longitude, and geographical objects encountered and passed on the way. Captain Walker notes that he departed on the Ida from Boston harbor "with a heavy heart and thoughts of home," crossed the Equator on the 30th of December, and the next day passed the archipelago of Fernando Noronha (354 km offshore from the Brazilian coast). On the 25th of January she passed the Falkland Islands, and went through the Drake Passage: along Terra del Fuego "for eight leagues making in sharp peaks like steeples," Staten Land (Isla de los Estados) and Diego Ramirez Islands. On the 4th of February Ida rounded Cape Horn, and on that day Walker "saw a Rain Bow at midnight caused by the moon", two days later he observed a moon eclipse. Santiago’s port San Antonio was sighted on the 13th of February, and the next day Ida arrived in Valparaiso.
During the sailing to San Blas Walker noted the ship passing the Galapagos Islands, Cabo Corrientes (Mexico) et al; on return journey to Guayaquil - Islas Marias (Mexico) and Isla de la Plata (Ecuador). Ida arrived to Puna island at the head of Gulf of Guayaquil on the 4th of September. On the way back to Valparaiso she passed Juan Fernandez Island and stayed in port San Antonio, at the mouth of Maipo River for several days. During this part of the voyage Ida got caught in many storms, the note from 24th of October witnesses "Strong gales, squalls and rough sea; ship requires pumping every two hours."
The journal contains an impressive entry describing the Valparaiso earthquake on the 20th of November 1822: "At 11 P.M. We was sudenly [sic] alarmed by a violent shock that effected the ship as if she had struck the bottom, all hands sprung on deck and cried out the ship ashore...on reflection knew it was impossible for her to have struck any bottom in so heavy a sea as was on at the time without bilging the bottom in. I then thought of a wreck of a vessel but lastly I imputed it to an earth quake." Aftershocks wrack the sea periodically for the next few days. On the 22nd of November they got word about the effects of the quake: "They <..,> informed us that there had been a heavy shock of an earth quake on shore and that Valparaiso had been nearly destroyed and had lost 23 lives in the fall of a Castle. St. Jago & several of the towns in the interior had suffered severely the inhabitants about the sea coast fled to the mountains for safety fearing that the sea would flow in upon them, animals of every kind on shore appeared to be affected by the shock."
There is also an interesting note about the ship Emerald of London coming from New South Wales to Rio de Janeiro with a cargo of oil which Ida encountered in the South Atlantic on the 20th of January, 1822. She provided Emerald with provisions, including "6 barrels of flour, 6 of beef, one of pork and two of bread and two cases of gin," but the next day the sailors "found a strange man on board that had secreted himself under one of the forecastle berths; he said he came from the Emerald in the second boat - he is supposed to be a convict from New Holland." No hint is given as to the fate of the stowaway. The journal also keeps track of wildlife seen at sea, including dolphins, sharks, turtles, flying fish, and albatrosses, boobies and various other birds.
One of the later notes records the sale of Ida: "I was informed by Capt. Scott that the ship Ida was sold this day" (1st of March, 1823). There is no record of the interim period, and Walker's entries are both brief and incomplete about a return journey to Boston in summer 1823. There are notes in a later hand throughout the volume which give pieces of information about Walker, and a paragraph on the last page gives an account of Walker's return, indicating that Walker returned on a whaling vessel to Nantucket and thence to Boston.
The two deeds pertain to land. They are marked as "Deed, Walker to Woodbury," and "Nancy Walker's share in the estate of Luke Woodbury - Copy." The other manuscript sheets are in the same later hand as in the journal and elaborate further on Walker's life and career.
Overall an interesting collection related to 19th century US commercial maritime voyages.


[Large Folding Photograph Panorama of Windhoek, Namibia]: "Panorama von Gross-Windhoek."

Windhoek: Mertens & Sichel, ca. 1900. Oblong Octavo (ca. 18x22,5 cm). Large albumen panorama in five segments mounted on card, ca. 14,5x96 cm (5 ¾ x 37 ¾ in). Original publisher’s green half cloth album with red papered boards and silver gilt stamped title and publishers’ name on the front cover. Ink stamp of “4 Proviantkolonne. Kaiserl. Schutztruppe für Südwestafrika” on verso on the mount. Mounts slightly soiled, binding rubbed on extremities, with a minor tear on the top margin of the front cover, but the panorama is sharp and in very good condition.
Interesting early photo panorama of Windhoek published by the local studio of Mertens & Sichel, one of the oldest enterprises in Namibia. Large and sharp, the photo gives a great view of the beginnings of present-day downtown Windhoek. The Alte Feste fort is seen in the far right, and the newly constructed building of the High Court (Alte Bezirksgerichte) are in the centre; piles of bricks prepared for construction are seen in the foreground. According to the stamp on the mount, this copy derives from a library of a local division of the Schutztruppe – German Imperial armed force used in its colonies, including Southwest Africa. Overall a very good bright photo.


45. ASHTON, Sir John William (Australian, 1881-1963)
[SYDNEY HARBOUR: Watercolour Signed with Initials and Dated "W.A. 98" (lower right)].

1898. Watercolour ca. 24x33 cm (9 ½ x 13 in). Watercolour in very good condition. Recently matted.
This atmospheric attractive watercolour shows the Sydney waterfront with a docked sailing vessel in the foreground. The prolific artist produced many landscapes of Australia as well as of Europe and the Middle East and travelled widely in his life. "Sir John William "Will" Ashton OBE, ROI was a British-Australian artist and Director of the National Art Gallery of New South Wales from 1937 to 1945" (Wikipedia).


46. BARBOSA, Januario da Cunha (1780-1864)
[Protocols and Procedures for Burials in the Churches of Rio de Janeiro] Exposição do Padre Januario da Cunha Barbosa a El-Rei D. João VI sobre as sepulturas nas Egrejas do Rio de Janeiro.

Ca. 1813-1816. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). 4 pp., with two integral blank leaves, tied with two pink ribbons. Brown ink on laid paper watermarked “1813”, legible text in Portuguese. Paper tag ("Avulços") glued to final leaf. Laid into later ruled paper folder (typed title as given above). Paper slightly age toned, mild fold marks, otherwise a near fine document.
Unpublished manuscript on church burials in Rio de Janeiro by one of the earliest Brazilian literary critics and an important figure in the independence movement.
An apparently unpublished work on the protocols and procedures for burials in churches of Rio de Janeiro, written at a time when such burials were becoming an important public health issue. Cunha Barbosa was appointed prégador for the royal chapel in Rio de Janeiro in 1808. There he became involved in deciding which tombs in the church could be opened when a member of a family or of a religious order died. Apparently Cunha Barbosa had been reprimanded for opening one tomb, and in this work he explains his decision at greater length than he had previously done. He also states the procedures for opening a tomb and notes which church officials had to authorize it. Cunha Barbosa refers to the addressee as "V.A. R." throughout, and once as "Principe." This suggests that the addressee was D. João VI during his tenure as Prince Regent (i.e., before 1816).
Two works dealing with burials as a public health matter were published by Brazilians before independence: Vicente Coelho de Seabra Silva e Telles' Memoria sobre os prejuizos causados pelas sepulturas dos cadaveres nos templos, e methodo de os prevenir (Lisbon, 1800), and José Correa Picanço's Ensaio sobre os perigos das sepulturas dentro das cidades, e nos seus contornos (Rio de Janeiro, 1812; See Guerra, Bibliografia medica brasileira 20.)
Januario da Cunha Barbosa took orders in 1803 and soon earned such a reputation as a religious orator that in 1808 he was named prégador for the royal chapel in Rio de Janeiro. One of the leading spirits in the Independence movement, he founded and edited (along with Joaquim Gonçalves Ledo) the periodical Reverbero Constitucional Fluminense from September 1821 to October 1822. At the end of 1822 his rival from the liberal party, José Bonifácio, had him deported without trial, but a year later - as Bonifácio himself was being deported - Cunha Barbosa returned to Brazil. There he was simultaneously elected deputy to the new legislature for Minas Geraes and for Rio de Janeiro. He later served as director of the Imprensa Nacional and the Biblioteca Nacional.
Cunha Barbosa published numerous sermons, some poetry, and articles on a wide range of subjects in the journals of various learned societies. His anthology Parnaso Brasileiro (Rio de Janeiro, 1829-30) is a major literary contribution. With its publication Cunha Barbosa became one of the earliest Brazilian literary critics and preserved much poetry of the colonial period which would doubtless otherwise have been lost. (See Verissimo, História da literatura brasileira [1969] p. 119.) He also co-founded, with Raymundo José da Cunha Mattos, the Instituto Historico e Geographico Brazileiro in 1838. The Instituto had much wider interests than its name suggests, and came to serve as a forum for all Brazilian writers. Work done under its auspices set the direction for much of the historical, geographical and ethnological research later done in Brazil. (See Verissimo, p. 127).
On Cunha Barbosa, see Innocêncio III, 254; VI, 127; VII, 71; X, 117. See also Sacramento Blake III, 294-300. OCLC: No printed version or other manuscript version located. No printed or manuscript version located in Porbase, Copac, or OCLC.


47. BEECKMAN, Daniel
A Voyage to and from the Island of Borneo, in the East Indies... Together with the Re-establishment of the English Trade there... Also a Description of the Islands of Canary, Cape Verd, Java, Madura, of the Streights of Bally, the Cape of Good Hope, the Hottentots, the Islands of St. Helena, Ascension &c. With Some Remarks and Directions Touching Trade.

London: T. Warner & J. Batley, 1718. First Edition. Octavo. [xiv], 205, [3] pp. With a folding copper engraved map of Borneo, and six other engravings, including an orangutan, a hippopotamus, a view of Christmas Island and two folding views and one chart of Bali. Period style brown gilt tooled full panelled calf with a red gilt title label. New endpapers and with some mild sporadic foxing but overall a very good copy.
"An unusually interesting and well-written volume of travels. On the way from Borneo the author visited the Cape of good Hope, and gives a lengthy account of the country and the Hottentots. In his description of Borneo he speaks of the "Oran-Ootan," the most remarkable animal there"(Cox I, p. 286); "The book was written to advance Beeckman’s ideas for trade with ‘the greatest island of all the Indian Seas’, and describes his 1713 voyage there in the Eagle Galley. This work includes the first European reference to the Indonesian orang-utan, which is depicted in one of the plates"(Hill 98); "Possibly the first dedicated description of Borneo in English; also contains a description of the Cape of Good Hope" (Howgego E8).


48. BOWERS, Alexander
Autograph Manuscript of a Detailed Report to "The Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce Glasgow," on Burma and the Sladen Mission sent from Mandalay to the Chinese Frontier to Establish "Overland Communication with Western China," with Detailed Descriptions of People and Places and on the Goods Available in the Region and the Trade Possibilities.

[Glasgow], ca. 1870. Quarto (ca. 25x19 cm). 32 leaves. Brown ink on beige wove paper. Text mainly on recto of leaves. With minor edge wear, very minor foxing and with small pieces of tape on left outer leaf edges, with corrections and additions in pencil and ink. Overall a very good manuscript.
In 1868, Edward Bosc Sladen (1827–1890) "was placed in charge of a political mission sent to the Chinese frontier to inquire into the causes of the cessation of overland trade between Burma and China, and to obtain information respecting the Shans, Kakyens, and Panthays. Leaving Mandalay on 13 January, he proceeded via Bhamo to Momein (Tengyue), the frontier town of the Chinese province of Yunnan, where he stayed six weeks, but was prevented from proceeding further by the disturbed state of the country. The mission reached Bhamo, on its return journey, on 3 September, having acquired much valuable information about an almost unknown country" (Oxford DNB). "The journey proved for the first time the navigability of the river beyond Mandalay, and charts were drawn up by Captain Bowers who accompanied the expedition" (Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, S39).
The present manuscript is a detailed report including the historical and political background with mentions of "the Panthay Rebellion (1856–1873), a rebellion of the Muslim Hui people and other (non-Muslim) ethnic minorities against the Manchu rulers of the Qing Dynasty in southwestern Yunnan Province"(Wikipedia) and the relationship between Burma and Western China. It includes details and findings of the Sladen expedition to Yunnan to explore re-opening ancient trade routes, descriptions of cities such as Talifu (the headquarters of the Mohammedan "Sultan" during the rebellion), and the influence of political and religious factors on trade and the workforce, with descriptions of goods traded (such as gold and cotton). Bowers describes the governor of the city and district of Momein ""Ja Su Kone?" [as] a man of most liberal ideas, and generous impulses was anxious to reciprocate trade relations with us, and entered heartily into a treaty of commerce with Major Sladen." Further, Bowers says of the capital of the Panthay's "Talifoo [Dali]," is described as a city of the first class, it is situated on the banks of an immense lake [Erhai Lake] or inland sea, and is the seat of the Panthay Govt., their King "Suliman the first" has his courts there, it is described as being 12 days march in "N" direction from Momein. The city has sixteen gates to it, and is about 3 miles long." Bowers descriptions of the people and places of this Burmese-Chinese border region is supplemented with much detail on the products and trade possibilities available there.


49. BRAUN, Georg (1541-1622) & HOGENBERG, Frans (1535-1590)
[PRAGUE: Panoramic Handcoloured Copper Engraving Titled:] "Palatium Imperatorum Pragae Quod Vulgo Ratzin Appelatur / Praga Regni Bohemiae Metropolis."

[Cologne], 1588. Handcoloured copper engraving ca. 6x49 cm (14 x 19 ½ in). Later hand colouring but overall a very good engraving.
"This sheet contains two fabulous views of Prague, the ancient capital of Bohemia and the capital of the Holy Roman Empire during the reign of Charles IV. The panoramic views are based on the drawings of Georg Hoefnagel. The upper view depicts the Archiepiscopal Palace, Hradcany Castle & St. Vitus Cathedral. The lower panorama shows the city from the southeast with the Josefske mesto (Josef's town or the Jewish quarter) left, Stare mesto (Old Town) & Nove mesto (New Town) at center. The famous 14th century Charles Bridge crosses the Vltava river to the Mala Strana (Little Quarter) on the right, with the Hradcany Castle perched on a hill overlooking the city" (Old World Auctions).
"Georg Braun was a topo-geographer. From 1572 to 1617 he edited the Civitates orbis terrarum, which contains 546 prospects, bird's-eye views and maps of cities from all around the world" (Wikipedia). Civitates orbis terrarum is "the first atlas of town plans and views embracing the known world" (Tooley A-D, p.185).


50. BRINE, Lindesay, Commander, Royal Navy (1834-1906)
[CHINA: A Panoramic Signed and Dated Watercolour of Chefoo (Yantai) During the Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864)].
23rd June 1860. Watercolour ca. 23x38 cm (9x15 in) mounted on larger card. Overall a very good painting. Recently matted.
An attractive and skillfully executed pencil drawing heightened with watercolour. The artist, who entered the Royal Navy in 1847 was the author of "The Taeping Rebellion in China; a narrative of its rise and progress, based upon original documents and information obtained in China" (London: Murray, 1862). This watercolour was made on the spot during his service as commander in the China Seas. The painting is captioned in ink on the image: "HMS Gunboat Opossum - Junk by Chefoo - The French Troops are Encamped on the Hill." "While serving in the Far East, [Brine] took much pains to collect accurate information on the troubles then prevailing, and in 1862 published the results of his observations and inquiries in a volume entitled ‘The Taiping Rebellion in China’" (Obituary in The Geographical Journal 27,3 (March 1906)).


51. CARRE, William H.
Art Work on British Columbia, Canada, Published in Twelve Parts.

William H. Carre, 1900. First Edition. Folio. 22 leaves of text. With a photogravure frontispiece, a photogravure text illustration and 82 leaves of photogravure plates for a total of 112 photographic illustrations of Victoria, Vancouver and all other major towns in British Columbia. Twelve original subscribers parts in purple patterned gilt wrappers with black cloth spines. Housed in a later handsome black gilt tooled quarter morocco clam shell box with purple cloth boards. Overall a very good set.
Rare Important comprehensive photographic documentation of all the major BC towns and cities at the very beginning of the 20th century. With an introductory essay: "British Columbia's History and Development" by R. E. Gosnell (1860-1931), late Provincial Librarian.
"In Canada, between circa 1900 and 1910, the William H. Carre Co. Issued.., works on Canadian cities using Artotype, a patented collotype printing process which produced the look of lithographs. These pictorial works served to foster civic pride and most likely appealed to tourists of the day. In addition to being offered to the general public they were sold by subscription to the wealthy owners of the featured private residences. With tissue guards protecting the illustrations and their covers elaborately decorated and often boasting gilt lettering, these publications imparted a sense of luxury and importance. Individual parts could be gathered in ribbon-tied portfolios, themselves frequently enhanced with marbled lining papers" (Canadian Centre for Architecture); "The plates are from contemporary photographs" (Lowther 1457).


Anonymous Very Large Photographic Panorama of Constantinople from the Tower of Galata in Six Parts.

Ca. 1880. Albumen print panorama ca. 26x198,5 cm (10 ¼ x 78 in). The panorama is in six parts and mounted on recent board. Overall a very good strong image.
This panorama is very similar to larger ones of the same period by Joaillier & Sebah, so it's possible that the present panorama is a smaller six part verson of their regular ten part panoramas of Constantinople. This panorama offers "a sweeping view of the city walls and seven towers, the great mosques of Sultan Ahmed and Santa Sophia, the 'Green Mosque' and Mosque of Oulon, the Golden Horn, tower of Galatea and the Bosphorus" (Christies).


53. DAPPER, Olfert (1636-1689)
[AFRICA: MOST COMPLETE 17TH CENTURY DESCRIPTION] Umbständliche und eigentliche Beschreibung von Africa und denen darzu gehörigen Königreichen und Landschaften als Egypten, Barbarien, Libyen, Biledulgerid, dem Lande der Negros, Guinea, Ethiopien, Abyssina und den Africanischen Insulen zusamt deren verscheidenen Nahmen, Grentzen, Städten, Flüssen ... : aus unterschiedlichen neuen Land- und Reise-Beschreibungen mit Fleiss zusammengebracht.

[Africa: Being an Accurate Description of the Regions of Aegypt, Barbary, Lybia, and Billedulgerid, the Land of Negroes, Guinee, Aethiopia, and the Abyssines, with all the Adjacent islands, either in the Mediterranean, Atlantick, Southern, or Oriental Sea, belonging thereunto ; with the several Denominations of their Coasts, Harbors, Creeks, Rivers, Lakes, Cities, Towns, Castles, and Villages ; Their Customs, Modes, and Manners, Languages, Religions, and Inexhaustible Treasure].
Amsterdam: Jacob van Meurs, 1670-1671. First German Edition. Folio, 2 parts in one. [viii], 695, [13] [i], 101, [3] pp. Title to part one printed in red and black, engraved additional title, engraved portrait, forty-three engraved folding maps and plates and fifty-six engraved illustrations in text. Beautiful period style crimson very elaborately gilt tooled full morocco with a black gilt label. A near fine copy.
Beautifully and vividly illustrated, this "work is one of the most authoritative 17th-century accounts on Africa published in German. Dapper never travelled to Africa but used reports by Jesuit missionaries and other explorers. The fine plates include views of Algiers, Benin, Cairo, Cap Town, La Valetta, Marrakech, St. Helena, Tangier, Tripoli, Tunis, as well as, animals and plants" (Christies). Translated into German by F. von Zesen. This copy has the engraved title, dedication and portrait leaves lacking in most copies. "An important early work on Africa in general, which was translated into several European languages.., "it was carefully compiled from the best sources of information"" (Mendelssohn I, p. 414). Dapper "wrote a book on the history of Amsterdam. Later he also wrote about Africa, China, India, Persia, Georgia, and Arabia, although he had not visited these exotic destinations himself. In fact, he never travelled outside Holland. His books became well-known in his own time.., To this day, Dapper's book Description of Africa Naukeurige Beschrijvinge van Africa gewesten (1668) is a key text for Africanists" (Wikipedia); Cox I, p. 361; Gay 219.


54. D'OYLY, Sir Charles (British, 1781-1845)
[CALCUTTA: Large Signed Presentation Watercolour]: "For Warren Hastings ESQ / View of Calcutta and Fort William from Sir John D'Oyly's Garden Reach/ D'Oyly (on verso)."

[Calcutta], ca. 1800. Watercolour ca. 47x61 cm (18 ½ x 24 in). Watercolour with several expertly repaired tears and a few very mild water stains affecting image, but overall still a very good attractive watercolour. Recently matted.
This large attractive watercolour was presented from the artist to close family friend and governor-general of Bengal Warren Hastings (1732–1818). D'Oyly was a prolific artist and provided the sketches for a great number of colour plate works on India. "Charles D'Oyly was a public official and painter from Dhaka who produced numerous images on Indian subject matter..., His father, Baron Sir John Hedley D'Oyly, was the resident of the Company at the Court of Nawab Babar Ali of Murshidabad. D'Oyly went to England with the family in 1785 and received his first formal education there. In 1798 he returned to India as Assistant to the Registrar in the Court of Appeal in Calcutta. In 1803 he was appointed as 'Keeper of the Records' in the office of the Governor General.
D'Oyly 1808 appointed as the Collector of Dacca (now Dhaka) in 1808. In the following years, the posts he held, were the Government and City Collector of Customs in Calcutta (1818), the Opium Agent of Bihar (1821), the Commercial Resident of Patna (1831) and lastly the Senior Member of the Board of Customs, Salt, Opium and of the Marine (1833). After serving with the company for forty years, his failing health compelled D'Oyly to leave India in 1838" (Wikipedia).


55. EDEN, Sir Ashley (1831-1887)
Political Missions to Bootan, comprising the reports of the Hon’ble Ashley Eden, - 1864; Capt. R.B. Pemberton, 1837, 1838, with Dr. W. Griffiths’s Journal; and the Account by Baboo Kishen Kant Rose.

Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Office, 1865. First Edition. Octavo. [ii], xi, 206 pp. With a large folding outline hand colored engraved map and a folding topographical engraved profile of the route. Period style light brown gilt tooled half sheep with light brown cloth boards and a light brown gilt morocco label. Map backed on Japanese paper and browned and title page with remnants of old library stamp, otherwise a very good copy.
A collection of early interesting accounts on relations between the British India and the Kingdom of Bhutan in 1860's, which was a time of growing tension between the two countries which resulted in the Duar War (1864-1865). The book includes the account by Sir Ashley Eden, later Governor General of British India. "In 1861 Eden was appointed special envoy to Sikkim and, backed by an army, wrung from the maharaja a treaty guaranteeing free trade and the cessation of raids into British territory. In 1863 he was sent on a similar mission to Bhutan but without the same military support and he found himself taken virtual prisoner by the Bhutanese and forced to sign a treaty humiliating to the British. The insult was amply repaid when Britain went to war against Bhutan in November 1864"(Oxford DNB).
The second account is by Captain Robert Boileau Pemberton (1798-1840) who led a diplomatic mission to Bhutan in 1837-8, together with the account by the member of the same embassy, Doctor William Griffith (1810-1845). The last account is an English translation of the relation by Baboo Kishen Kant Bose. The book is supplemented with a subject index.
The Duar War (1864-65) lasted only five months and, despite some battlefield victories by Bhutanese forces, resulted in Bhutan's defeat, loss of part of its sovereign territory, and forced cession of formerly occupied territories. Under the terms of the Treaty of Sinchula, signed on November 11, 1865, Bhutan ceded territories in the Assam Duars and Bengal Duars, as well as the eighty-three-square-kilometer territory of Dewangiri in southeastern Bhutan, in return for an annual subsidy of 50,000 rupees (Wikipedia). In 1863 Henry Haversham Godwin-Austen joined the "Political mission to Bhutan under Ashley Eden. In 1864 he carried out topographical surveys between Sikkim and Punakha, and produced a detailed map of Bhutan that would remain in use for thirty years"(Howgego 1850-1940 Continental G27).


56. FREIRE DE ANDRADE, Alfredo Augusto (1859-1929)
[Twenty-Four Mounted Photographs of the Expedition of the Comissao de Delimitacao de Fronteiras Entre o Distrito de Lourenco Marques e o Transvaal 1890 / Commission to Deliminate the Border Between Mozambique and Transvaal in 1890].

1890-1. Folio. 24 leaves. With twenty-four albumen photographs mounted on stiff card, each photograph with a manuscript caption. Photographs: 15 x 20cm (6 x 8 inches), Card: 30 x 36cm (12 x 14.5 inches). Several mounts with mild foxing and some mounts with some mild water staining, mainly of blank margin, additionally several mounts with edge wear, several images mildly faded and a couple of images with some minor damage of image surface but overall a very good collection.
This rare collection of images show: Lourenzo Marques (Maputo) (2 photographs), Officer Corps of the Mozambique Expedition & Armoury; Massikesse (Macequece) (2 photographs) Camp & Detachment; Guelimane (Quelimane) (2 photographs) Armoury & Market; Also, Mafakase, camp on the River Muanze, Beira, Vincent beach (Zambezi), military headquarters in Mossurize, camp by Mount Gorungue, Mount Wengo north side, departure of the expedition boats, River Limpopo, group of inhabitants of Gouvea, native troops, government wagons, Portuguese detachments (2) and several other images.
Mozambique had reached a critical period with Britain because of the question of the Shire mountains following the British ultimatum of 1890, which forced a period of inactivity until Portugal and Britain reached an agreement on the demarcation of their spheres of influence in East Africa.
Once those issues were resolved, the Commission to deliminate the borders between the district of Lourenço Marques and the Transvaal Republic began its work. The leadership was entrusted to engineer Freire de Andrade who then started to explore the Limpopo River. This exploration unfortunately led to more conflict with the British. "Massi Kessi has historic significance for a conflict that took place there on May 11, 1891, between the Portuguese (Under the command of Caldas Xavier) and the British South Africa Company. As a result, the British government pushed through a treaty on June 11, 1891, that ensured ownership of Manica by the British South Africa Company; until then, the Portuguese colonial area had extended to the Mazoetal river, almost to Harare, Shamv and Mount Darwin" (Wikipedia).


57. GOUGH, Bloomfield, Captain (d. 1904)
[SECOND ANGLO-AFGHAN WAR, SIEGE OF THE SHERPUR CANTONMENT; Autograph Letter Signed Addressed to the Author's Father From Besieged Sherpur, Providing Vivid Details of the Siege].

Sherpur, Kabul, 20 December 1879. Octavo (ca. 21x13,5 cm). 14 pp. Brown ink on paper. Old folds with minor tears on margins, paper lightly browned, overall a very good letter.
Expressive first-hand account of the Siege of the Sherpur Cantonment (15-23 December 1879) during the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878-1880). The Siege took place during the second phase of the war when in October 1879, Kabul was occupied by the British troops after the British Resident Sir Pierre Cavagnari had been murdered there. In November mutinous Afghan troops amassed to the north of Kabul and, on December 15 mounted a siege on British troops in the Sherpur Cantonment. The siege was raised with arrival on December 23 of the relief column under the command of Brigadier General Charles Gough.
Captain Bloomfield Gough was serving with the 9th Queen’s Royal Lancers cavalry regiment, and took active part in the defence of the Sherpur Cantonment. In his extensive and emotional letter written when the siege was still on, Gough gives a "full and true account of my battles and the siege of Sherpore as far as it has gone."
The account starts with the period from December 9, and describes at length the ferocious fight in Kabul’s neighbourhood Kila Kizi on December 11. Gough recreates all the events of the day in strict consistency, names all officers in command (Brig.-Gen. Macpherson (infantry), Capt. Stewart-Mackenzie and Lieut.-Col. Cleland (9th Queen’s Royal Lancers), Major Smith Widham (artillery) et al); and gives amounts of wounded and killed officers, men and horses.
Gough’s letter provides remarkable descriptions of battle scenes: "After going about 4 or 5 miles the advance partly were fired upon and soon afterwards we saw the enemy collecting in great numbers to our left front. I got my troop under cover of a hillock and the enemy numbering (I am told 1200) began advancing with standards and tom toms and great shouting. Our guns soon came into action and the enemy guns replied. As soon as they came within 800 yards, I opened fire with half my troop dismounted, and owing to our being under cover and the enemy advancing in the open, succeeded in stopping them on our right, however seeing the guns retire and fearing I should be cut off, I remounted my troops and retired over a lot of stony ground at a gallop, keeping my troop well in hand. [To?] turn upon then, if as I expected they (the enemy) would come after me. Well we retired about ¾ of a mile, and the enemy cavalry pursued, coming on with shouts of Allah and Bismillah, and as I hoped in very straggling order. When I thought they were far enough away from the enemy I got my troop into a trot and gave the order Right about Wheel - Charge! - Well I never seen such a scene of consternation [emphasis added]. My men came with a shout and the enemy who were at first so brave appeared thunder struck. Some came on, most stood still and some ran away <..,> The charge was a great success."
Gough is fascinated with an Afghan standard bearer, who "fought in a most desperate way and I never saw such a brave man. He had several lances through him before he fell off his horse and when they got down to take his standard away, though half dead and lying on the ground, he raised himself up and snatched a lance away from one of our men with which he thrust at anyone who came hear him as long as he had a drop of life left in him." He also notes the bravery of British officers who "were a long way in front in the charge and a long way behind in the retreat and every one of them do the same thing that Bill Beresford got the V.C. For." The battle description is illustrated with a nice little drawing in text (leave 2, inside) showing the lancers’ attack on the enemy positions.
Gough’s account of December 13 describes a fierce fight near Siah Sung Heights in which the 9th Lancers commander was killed: "Poor Batson shot dead with a bullet through his heart, Chrisholme being wounded with a shot through the leg and Trowers’ other horse, a very nice black whaler shot dead. 4 men dead and 9 wounded and about 30 dead Afghans lying in heaps. I am awfully sorry for Batson, poor fellow. We also lost several horses, killed or wounded."
Then follows the description of the Siege and the state of the British garrison: "The place is fortified and a desultory fire kept up all and every day from the walls <..,> Every night we have the whole regiment in picquet for fear of an attack. You must not suppose we are in a bad way, as we have plenty of ammunition to defend ourselves, only not enough to go out and drive off the enemy who are in the city and have been having great games looting it. We are perfectly safe here and are only waiting for Charley who is coming up with reinforcements and ammunition, when we shall go out and make an example of them."
In the end Gough states that "I am beginning to think war is not such good sport as people say and think hunting far better for fun and much less dangerous" [emphasis added], and describes the Afghans who "are quite different from those we met at first; <..,> mostly armed with Sniders, and are not out of the way cowards, though fortunately they are very bad shots," and notes that "it is terribly cold with snow on the ground wherever the sun cannot get at it”. He hopes that “Charley will arrive soon and that I shall give them a proper beating and then pursue them with all the cavalry, only the country is so hilly and so intersected with ditches and water that it is not an easy place for us to work on."
Bloomfield Gough came from a noted Irish noble family with a long military tradition. During the Second Afghan War he served as Aide-de-Camp to his relative, Brigadier General Sir Charles Gough (1832-1912) and was present at the taking of Ali Musjid (November 1878). Subsequent to this letter he took part in the march from Kabul to Kandahar and was present at the battle of Kandahar. He was twice mentioned in dispatches (January and September 1880).
Gough exchanged into the 9th Lancers from the Rifle Brigade in April 1873 and rose to command the regiment as Lieut. Colonel from December 1895. He accompanied the 9th Lancers to the Boer War in 1899 but was unjustly relieved of his command in the field in November. Gough retired in 1900 when commanding the regiment with the rank of Lieut. Colonel.


58. HENRY, Jules, Captain of “Nouvelle Bretagne,” Governor of the Colony
[PAPUA NEW GUINEA, LA NOUVELLE FRANCE COLONY: Original Manuscript Account Book, Kept by French Captain Jules Henry on board “Nelusko” steamship during his travels across the Indian Ocean in 1876-1879, and on board “Nouvelle Bretagne” steamship during Marquis de Rays’ ill-fated 1881-1882 settling expedition in New Guinea]: Compte Exploitation. Nelusko; Compte du Cap. J. Henry, Sujet Français, Cn. De V[apeur] Libérien “Nouvelle Bretagne”.

Folio (ca. 33,5x20 cm), over 170 lined leaves. Nelusko Account Book: 1876-1879. [11, 1], 38, [2] [=52] leaves. Nouvelle Bretagne Account Book: 1881-1882. [8] pages. In all 56 leaves of text in French, written in legible hand writing. Period brown panelled full sheep with blind stamped British Royal Crest on upper cover (revenue over stamped “4”). A very good manuscript.
Important document supplement to the history of the ill-fated Marquis de Rays’ New Guinea Expedition (1881), compiled by the captain of one of the expedition ships and provisional Governor of the new colony Jules Henry. This was the third and the last attempt of colonisation of the “Nouvelle France”, more commonly known as New Ireland (Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea).
Jules Henry on “Nouvelle Bretagne” and Captain Rabardy on “Genil” delivered the last batch of immigrants to the Marquis de Rays’ Nouvelle France. Henry left Barcelona in April 1881 with 180 emigrants, including several judicial and military officials. At Singapore he received a telegram from Marquis which nominated him provisional Governor of Port Breton. Upon arrival to Port Breton he discovered the residents suffering from starvation and malaria, with many already dead, and the rest fully disillusioned in the perspectives of the Nouvelle France. After a short stay, on the 16th of September Henry proceeded to Manila with a large group of the unfortunate settlers, hoping to obtain supplies and medicines for Port Breton in the Philippines. But in Manila the ship was placed under arrest together with the captain and the crew on the claim of one of Marquis’ creditors, and was put up for sale. Remembering the starving settlers of the Nouvelle France, Henry escaped from the Bay of Manila during a storm and went to Port Breton. He arrived to the settlement in the end of December, finding the survivors in an even more deplorable condition. On the 15th of January a Spanish man-of-war “Legaspi” arrived to Port Breton and arrested Henry with his crew and ship on charge of embargo violation and piracy (as he took with him several Spanish officials who were on the “Nouvelle Bretagne” when he escaped). On the 22nd of January both ships left for Manila where Henry went under trial (for more information see: The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 May 1882, p. 7; The Sidney Morning Herald, 7 December 1882, p. 4).
Jules Henry’s account book contains texts of three interesting documents about his service on the “Novelle Bretagne” which were obviously compiled during his trial in Manila in May 1882:“Compte du Cap. J. Henry, Sujet Français, Cn. De V[apeur] Libérien “Nouvelle Bretagne” (dated “Manille, 17 Mai 1882”), “Compte particulier du Cap. J. Henry Ct. Le Vapeur Libérien “Nouvelle Bretagne” dont il demande à poursuivre le recouvrement en justice avec privilège sur les biens en general “Du Marquis de Rays” et en particulier sur le Navire ‘Nouvelle Bretagne’”; and “Copie du Compte alimentation présenté à l’Avocat le 1er Mai” (dated “Manille, 1 Mai 1882”). All three documents are manuscript copies of the original accounts intended for the Spanish officials; they were obviously made by Henry for his own record at the same time with the originals, and placed into the journal which already contained accounts of his previous journeys. Henry gives a detailed account of his income and expenses when the captain of the “Nouvelle Bretagne”.
Charles du Breil, Marquis de Rays (1832-1893), an adventurous French nobleman, declared himself “King Charles I” of a Pacific empire located on the islands still unclaimed by European powers, and having fertile soils, a climate similar to that of the French Riviera and an already developed infrastructure. About 570 colonists from France, German and Italy immigrated to the newly established Port Breton in 1880-1881, but discovered no settlement, mountainous terrain and dense rainforest not suitable for fields or pastures. After about a hundred settlers had died from malaria and malnutrition, the rest fled to Australia, New Caledonia and the Philippines. In 1883 de Rays was sentenced by a French court to six years in prison for criminal negligence. Captain Henry was a witness against Marquise de Ray in the trial in Paris in November 1882.
The first account book records over twenty voyages of “Nelusko” steamship in the years 1876-1879 under Henry’s command from France (Marseille) to (and between) different ports of the Indian Ocean and the East Indies: Madagascar and neighbouring islets (Nosy Be, Mayotte), Seychelles (Mahé), Mauritius and Réunion, Zanzibar, India (Pondicherry, Negapatam, Karaikal, Madras et al.), Penang, Singapore and others. Nelusko transported post, consular goods, hospital supplies, and live cargo; several lists of passengers and crew are included.


59. HERNDON, William Lewis (1813-1857)
[Autograph Manuscript Letter Book of U.S. Naval Lieutenant William Lewis Herndon, Containing Copies of Thirty-Two Documents Written on Board USS Iris during the Mexican-American War, and a Copy of a Letter to Lardner Gibbon during the US Expedition to the Valley of the Amazon].

[U.S.S. Iris at various locations (Vera Cruz, Pensacola, Laguna); and Tarma (Peru), 1847-1851]. [44] pp. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). Black ink on lined paper; text clean and legible. Original quarter sheep note book with marbled boards; contemporary bookplate on the front pastedown. Housed in a custom made cloth clamshell box with an olive gilt title label on the spine. Hinges cracked, spine partially perished, corners worn, but overall a very good letter book.
Original letter book of noted American naval officer, Amazon explorer and naval hero William Lewis Herndon; it contains the original draft of Herndon’s instructions to the expedition member Lt. Lardner Gibbon regarding his further exploration of the Amazon following their separation at Tarma, Peru on July 1, 1851. The text of the manuscript differs slightly from the one published in volume I of Herndon and Gibbon's “Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon” (Washington, 1854, pp. 33-34), and has some manuscript corrections, which makes it an important historical source.
Herndon assigned Gibbon a different route of discovery so that "while I gave my own personal attention to the countries drained by the upper Marañon, Mr. Gibbon might explore some, and gather all the information he could respecting others, of the Bolivian tributaries of the Amazon." This letter provides Gibbon with guidance as to the route he is to follow and the importance of minimizing risk to himself to ensure that the results of their exploration might be preserved. “Lt. Herndon pushed into the upper Amazon. Lt. Gibbon traveled south through Bolivia and then into the selvas of Brazil. The two groups met in Serpa, Brazil, and then continued down the Amazon River to Para” (Hill 803).
The letter book also contains thirty two letters and documents written on board USS Iris which was under Herndon’s command during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The correspondence is primarily on various day to day issues including the engineering problems and administrative issues. However, also included is a five-page letter dated aboard the Iris at Laguna in March of 1848 to an unidentified recipient, but probably Matthew C. Perry, Commanding the Home Squadron off Mexico during the Mexican-American War. The letter reports the results of Herndon's meetings at Sisal with Military Commandant Don Alonzo Azuar regarding Indian involvement in the conflict, and with the senior Spanish Naval Officer present, Don Francisco Garcia di Salas, commander of the brig Nervian, regarding the landing of guns and munitions.
In 1857, as a captain of the ill-fated U.S. Mail Steamer Central America, Herndon showed the utmost heroism while saving lives of the passengers during the hurricane of Cape Hatteras, having evacuated all women and children. 426 passengers and crew, including Herndon perished with the ship, thus making the wreckage the largest loss of life in a commercial ship disaster in United States history. Herndon's heroism prompted the construction of the Herndon Monument at the U. S. Naval Academy in 1860.
Overall this Letter book represents an important primary source on the history of the US expedition to the Amazon (1851-1852) and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).


60. HILDEBRANDT, Eduard (GERMAN, 1817-1869)
[Original Signed (in Pencil) Watercolour Titled]: Sonnenuntergang an der asiatischen Wanigja [Canton (Guangzhou)?].

Ca. 1863. Watercolour on paper, ca. 21x30 cm (8 ½ x 11 ½ in). Watercolour under glass in a later molded gilt wood frame. A very good watercolour. Watercolour not examined out of the frame.
This atmospheric watercolour most likely shows the Pearl River looking towards old Canton (with Chigang Pagoda, Temple of the Six Banyan Trees et al. Seen in the distance) at sundown produced on Hildebrandt's world tour 1862-1864. - Verso with a note that the title of the watercolour was written on the old passepartout.
Eduard Hildebrandt was a German painter. He studied in Berlin and Paris and was a friend of scientist and explorer Alexander von Humboldt. Under the latter’s influence he took a voyage around the world in 1862-64, making watercolour views of many places he visited. "Fantasies in red, yellow and opal, sunset, sunrise and moonshine, distances of hundreds of miles like those of the Andes and the Himalaya, narrow streets in the bazaars of Cairo or Suez, panoramas as seen from mast-heads, wide cities like Bombay or Pekin, narrow strips of desert with measure-less expanses of sky all alike display his quality of bravura" (Wikipedia).


61. HOLMBERG, Henrik Johan (1818-1864)
Ethnographische Skizzen Ueber die Voelker des Russischen Amerika; [With]: Entwickelung der Russisch-Amerikanischen Compagnie [Ethnographic Sketches About the Peoples of Russian America; [With]: The Development of Russian-American Company].

Helsingfors [Helsinki]: Friis, 1856-1863. First Edition. Quarto. [281-422]; [iv], [35-101] pp. With a large folding lithographed map of Russian America. Recent red half cloth with marbled boards and printed paper spine and cover labels. A near fine copy.
These two extremely rare articles were published in the Akten der Finnlandischen Societaet de Wissenschaften (a sister organization of the St. Petersburger Academie der Wissenschaften). The first part describes the life, manner and customs of the Aleuts, Kodiaks, Thnaina and Tlinkits and in addition to presenting new material the author draws on the accounts of Grewingk, Vosnezenski, and Veniaminov. The handsome folding map, which was prepared especially for this work, shows Alaska (including the Bering Sea and the Aleutian archipelago), and notes the locations of the various native groups. The second part contains a detailed history of the development of the Russian American Company, of which Holmberg was a member. Sabin 32572 (first part without map).


62. MONTEIRO, Manoel, S.J. (1604-1680)
[Autograph Letter Signed "Manuel Montro", addressed to D. João IV, Regarding the Portuguese Attempt to Seize the Fortress at Angra, on Ilha Terceira (the Azores) from the Spaniards, during the Portuguese Restoration War].

Angra do Heroísmo (the Azores), 8 April 1641. Folio (ca. 31x21 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on laid paper, text in Portuguese written in a dense but legible hand. Period commentary in a different hand on the top margin of the first page. Fold marks, weak and partly detached on the centrefold, very minor tears on extremities, some neatly repaired. Overall in very good condition.
Official report to the Portuguese King D. João IV by his emissary comprising an original, eyewitness account of the early stages of siege by the Portuguese of the Spanish-held Angra fortress on Terceira Island (the Azores) in 1641-1642. Soon after D. João IV's acclamation (1 December 1640), Manoel Monteiro, a Jesuit, was dispatched to Angra to negotiate on D. João’s behalf with D. Alvaro de Vieiros, the Spanish commander. Monteiro arrived in January 1641. In this report to D. João, he describes the behavior and armament of the Spaniards as well as the progress of the negotiations. He also analyzes events to date and cites two possible threats to the situation on the island. The siege of San Philippe del Monte Brasil (in this document, “Castello de S. Philippe”) began on 27 March 1641, about a week before this letter was written. It lasted until the Spanish surrender on 4 March 1642, when the Spaniards were permitted to retreat with their personal arms and two bronze artillery pieces. The surrender of the fort ended Spanish dominion on Terceira. The Portuguese renamed the fort São João Baptista, after D. João’s patron saint.
The manuscript has a period inscription at the top of first leaf, giving a short summary of the letter: "Relação original que mandarão a El Rey D. João o 4 os Pdes. Da Compª de que socedeo na Ilha 3ª, quando chegou a not[ici]a de ser aclamado, e do que con os Castelhanos se passou na Cid[ad]e de Angra, onde soccederão couzas prodigiosos." The text of the letter was apparently first published in “Boletim da Sociedade de Bibliophilos Barbosa Machado”, rare Portuguese bibliophile magazine of the early 20th century, most likely as an article and an offprint, as a small publication with the same title is listed in Worldcat (Relação. Original que mandarão a el-rey d. João o 4º os padres da comp[anhi]a do que soccedeo na ilha 3ª, quando chegou a nota. De ser aclamado; e do que con os castelhanos se passou na cide. De Angra. Onde soccederão couzas prodigiosas. Publicada por Martinho da Fonseca. Lisbon, 1912, 20 pp., 50 copies).
Fr. Manuel Monteiro (Monforte, 1604-1680) taught Greek and Hebrew in Angra and Lisbon. He published biographies of St. Francis Xavier, St. Ignatius of Loyola, and P. José Anchieta, as well as numerous works on religious subjects.
“Like the Tower of Belém and the Monastery of the Hieronymites in Lisbon, and Goa in India, Angra do Heroismo is directly and tangibly associated with an event of a universal historic significance: the maritime exploration that allowed exchanges between the world's great civilizations. Set in the mid-Atlantic, the port of Angra, obligatory port-of-call for fleets from Africa and the Indies, is the eminent example of a creation linked to the maritime world, within the framework of the great explorations.
Within the history of the maritime explorations of the 15th and 16th centuries, which established communications between the great civilizations of Africa, Asia, America and Europe, Angra do Heroismo holds an eminent position: this port on the island of Terceira, in the Azores, served as a link for almost three centuries between Europe and the 'New World'. Vasco de Gama in 1499 and Pedro de Alvarado in 1536 set up an obligatory port-of-call for the fleets of Equatorial Africa and of the East and West Indies during their voyages back and forth from Europe. A Provedoria das Armadas e Naus da India (Office of Fleets and Vessels of the Indies) was immediately set up there.
The site, admirably chosen by the first navigators, was protected from the prevailing winds by a series of hills; the port comprises two natural basins, that of the Beacon and that of the Anchorage (Angra) from which the village took its name. An impregnable defensive system was installed immediately following its foundation with the construction of the large fortresses of São Sebastião and São Filipe (today named São João Baptista)” (UNESCO World Heritage list online).


63. PALLAS, Peter Simon (1741-1811)
Neue Nordische Beyträge zur Physikalischen und Geographischen Erd- und Völkerbeschreibung, Naturgeschichte und Oekonomie. Erster Band. [New Nordic Contributions.., Volume One].

St. Petersburg & Leipzig: Johann Zacharias Logan, 1781. First Edition. Octavo. [viii], 342 pp. With three folding copper engraved plates and one folding engraved map. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Recased, extremities rubbed, and text with some mild foxing and some leaves with very mild water staining, otherwise a very good copy.
This is the first volume of a very rare and important series published in a total of seven volumes between 1781 and 1796. This series presents accounts of the Russian exploration of Siberia, Central Asia, and Alaska during this time. Some of these important accounts appear nowhere else. Each volume is in itself complete. Amongst the important accounts included in this first volume are: News from Tibet, a Description of the Altai Mountains, Journals of Andrejef, Leontief, & Lyssof on the basin of the Kowymische River and the Bear Islands, Description of the Anadyr River, News of the Tschuktsch Penisula and neighboring Islands, Account of Captain Krenitzyn and Lieutenant Lewachef voyage from Kamchatka to the Alaskan mainland via the Aleutian Islands, Account of the Ocean between Siberia and America. Included is Pallas' Map of the Discoveries Between Siberia and America up till the Year 1780. "It is a rich mine of information on the early history of the discovery and settlement of Alaska" (Lada-Mocarski 31); Arctic Bibliography 13057.


64. PALLIN, Hugo Nikolaus (1880-1953)
[Three Photograph Albums with 378 Original Photographs Taken During Otto Nordenskiöld’s Expedition to West Patagonia in 1920-1921].

Ca. 1920-1921. Album 1: Oblong Folio (ca. 29,5x37 cm). 176 gelatin silver prints, from ca. 12,5x18,5 cm (5 x 7 ¼ in) to ca. 6x8,5 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ½ in). Original black snake skin patterned full sheep album, rubbed on extremities, with minor tears on top and bottom of the spine. Album 2: Oblong Quarto (ca. 21x29 cm). 12 leaves. 42 gelatin silver prints, ca. 6x10,5 cm (2 ½ x 4 in). Brown imitation leather album. Album 3: Oblong Octavo (ca. 16x20 cm). 24 leaves. 160 gelatin silver prints, ca. 4x6 cm (1 ½ x 2 ½ in). Black imitation leather album. Some images in the octavo albums with the ink stamps "Bennos. Drottninggatam 15" on verso. Overall a very good collection of strong bright images.
A unique extensive collection of original photographs taken during Otto Nordenskiöld’s expedition to Chilean Patagonia in 1920-1921. The expeditions aim was to explore the inland area of the Northern Patagonian Ice Field around Laguna San Rafael. The photographer, Swedish mountaineer Hugo Pallin, was the official cartographer of the expedition. The party proceeded to the Kelly fjord on the Pacific Ocean in southern Chile, crossed the San Quintin Glacier and estimated the height of the neighbouring San Valentin Mountain (as 3976 m). Pallin produced the first special map of the interior of the Patagonian Northern Ice Field. His article reporting about the results of the expedition, titled “Mountains and glaciers in West Patagonia” was published in the Alpine Journal (1933, No. 45). The photographs from the collection document Pallin’s maritime trip to Patagonia, with some picturesque views of the South American cities and scenes on board a steamer; a number of images portray the expedition party. Photos from the expedition include some superb views of the Pacific inlets, the northern Patagonian icefield, Mount San Valentin, glaciers, expedition camps, members executing topographical surveys of the mountains; specimens of plants; et al. Overall a beautiful visual representation of the Patagonian expedition of 1920-1921.
"Hugo Nikolaus (‘Nils’) Pallin was a Swedish civil engineer, a keen alpinist and traveller. He achieved the first winter ascent of Kebnekaise (2123 m.), Sweden's highest mountain, in 1908, of Sarektjakko in 1916, and of Kaskasatjakko in 1920. He also climbed several other 2000 m. Peaks in Swedish Lapland. He described some of his adventures in Kebnekaise. Färder och äventyr i Lappland (Stockholm, 1927). In 1920-21 he accompanied Otto Nordenskiöld’s expedition to West Patagonia as cartographer, and himself led geographical parties to Spitsbergen in 1922, 1923, and 1928, to Iceland in 1935, and to West Greenland in 1936. In 1937 he published a work entitled Mountains and glaciers in West Greenland" (Polar Record. Vol. 7. Issue 50. May 1955. P. 431).
"Pallin was a secretary of the Lapland Mountaineering club (1920), one of the founders and first president of the Swedish Army Reserve Association (1924), a member of the British Alpine Club (1929) et al. He discovered several new 2000-meter peaks in Lapland and conducted a ski trip from the Arctic Ocean to the Kattegat (1927-28). He was the author of over 10 books and publications about mountaineering, including map of Mt. Akkafjället (1920), "Swedish mountain catalog" (Svensk fjällkatalog, 1922), which was purchased by the Swedish Tourist Association, and a revised edition of Petrus Tillaeus’ famous map of Stockholm (1925). Pallin was the editor of "The Road" ("Vägen") magazine since 1936" (Wikipedia).


65. PATEY, Russell, R.N. (b. 1817)
[Five Watercolours in Sepia of Moulmein (Mawlamyine), Burma 1846-7].

Recently matted, the watercolours are in fine condition.
Five attractive watercolours of the capital of British colonial Burma,
The titles of the watercolours as written on verso of each painting by the artist are:
View of Large Pagoda, Moulmein Sept 46 as seen from the West 24 x 34cm (9.5 x 13.5inches)
A Punghi House, Moulmein June 46 24 x 34cm (9.5 x 13.5inches)
Farm Caves , Moulmein as Seen from the East Side Sept. 47 Russell Patey 23 x 28 cm (9 x 11 inches)
Farm Caves , Moulmein Taken from the Interior Sept. 47 Russell Patey 22 x 27.5 cm (8.5 x 11 inches)
Austin's House, Moulmein May 46 24 x 34 (9.5 x 13.5inches).
"Mawlamyine (Moulmein) was the first capital of British Burma between 1826 and 1852 after the Tanintharyi (Tenassarim) coast, along with Arakan, was ceded to Britain under the Treaty of Yandabo at the end of the First Anglo-Burmese War..,Mawlamyine is the third largest city of Burma situated 300 km south east of Yangon" (Wikipedia).


66. RACZYNSKI, Edward, Count (1786-1845)
Dziennik podrózy do Turcyi odbytey w roku MDCCCXIV przez Erwarda Raczynskiego [Travels to Turkey in the Year 1814].

Wroclaw (Breslau): Drukiem Grassa Bartha i Kompanii, 1821. First Edition. Elephant Folio. [i], vii, 204, viii pp. With 81 engraved plates on 63 sheets, 2 folding, mostly after drawings by Ludwig Fuhrmann, and 8 engraved illustrations in text, thus complete as issued. The plates are numbered 1-82 but numbers 20 and 45 were never issued and so aren't present (as usual) but there is a number 28bis (as usual). Recent dark brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Overall a near fine copy.
Magnificent copper engravings illustrate this rare work with only eight copies found in Worldcat. "In 1814 [Count] Raczynski, with [Breslau painter] Ludwig Christian Fuhrmann as draughtsman, travelled to Constantinople by way of Odessa, and thence to the Troad and Asia Minor. This work contains many fine plates of the city, as well as of Mitylene, Assos and the Troad" (Blackmer Sale 937). A folio German edition was published in 1824 and an octavo German edition in 1825. "Brunet describes this edition as the most magnificent work hitherto published in Poland" (Sothebys); Brunet IV, 1084. "Count Edward Raczyński.., was a Polish conservative politician, protector of arts, founder of the Raczyński Library in Poznań" (Wikipedia). These travels also have scientific value due to the excavations conducted by Count Raczynski at ancient Troy.


67. REICHARD, Walter Reinhold
[Album with Forty-Eight Superb Watercolours Drawn by a German Prisoner of First World War While in Interned in the Bolkhuny and Yenotayevka Villages of the Astrakhan Province]: Erinnerungen an die Kriegsgefangenschaft in der Kirgisen- und Kalmükensteppe. 1914-1918. Jenotajewsk-Bolchuny. Gouvernement Astrachan. Aquarell-Studien [Memories of a Prisoner of War in the Kirghisian and Kalmykian Steppes]. [With: Two Large Drawings Showing Meetings of German Internees in Bolkhuny After the Russian Revolution of 1917, Including Portraits of the Main Activists, with their Names Captioned]: Aus der Bolchuner Chronik – 1917.

Ca. 1914-1918. Oblong Octavo (ca. 17x25 cm). 48 leaves. With 48 watercolours, including a watercolour drawn “title page” with additional title “Erinnerungen an die Kriegsgefangenschaft, 1914/16. Aquarell-Studien von Walter R. Reichard”. All watercolours with the author’s monogram, captioned and dated (1914-1916). Period ink inscription on the first free endpaper “Herrn K. H. Lindenberg. Bolchuny, 1916”. Ink inscription on rear paste down “Walter Reichard. Berlin, Hufelandstrasse No. 39”.Separate drawings: 1917-1918. Pencil and watercolour on paper, ca. 24,5x21 cm (9 ½ x 8 ¼ in) and 26x20 cm (10 ¼ x 8 cm), mounted on modern album leaves. Both signed and dated by the artist, and both with extensive captions (titles and names) in ink and watercolour. First drawing also with extensive pencil notes on verso. One drawing with a small tear and crease on the right margin, but overall very good drawings. Original gray cloth album with hand drawn title and coat of arms of the Astrakhan Kingdom (“Царство Астрахан.”) on the upper board. Binding rubbed and soiled, front hinge cracked, but the watercolours are bright and beautiful.
Beautiful collection of historically important watercolours showing the Astrakhan region during the First World War, with amazing views of the Kalmyk steppes and Volga River, street scenes in the Yenotaewsk city and Bolkhuny village, and artistic portraits of the local people – Kirghises, Kalmyks and Russians. The album was made by a German prisoner of war who was interned in the Astrakhan province of the Russian Empire and spent at least four years (1914-1918) in Yenotayevsk and Bolkhuny.
The landscape watercolours include a series of views of Bolkhuny: general views with the steep banks of the Akhtuba River; colourful scene of the Bolkhuny Sunday market; a view with the famous Bolkhuny windmills; pastoral view of a Bolkhuny street with haulm-roofed houses and pigs wandering in puddles in the middle of the street; crimson-tone watercolour of the sheep herd coming back to Bolkhuny in the evening; sunny view of the troika race on the Epiphany day (Heilige drei Könige) et al. Among other landscapes are a deep-blue night scene in the “Kirgisen Steppe” and two beautiful winter views of the Volga: 1) with Yenotayevsk houses on top of the steep river bank, and 2) with a camel-laden “Kerosin Karavan” crossing the frozen river.
The album contains a gallery of outstanding individual and group portraits of local people starting with an image of a galloping Kirghis rider on the “title page”. There are also twelve portraits of the Kalmyk people (old and young women, families next to their jurt, members of the Kalmyk clergy, dancing girls, men in the Kalmyk camp, riders in the steppe et al.), and thirteen portraits of the Kirghises (old woman-beggar, “Old Kirghisian soothsayer”, water carter, group portraits of Kirghis fishermen, travellers in the steppe, families, men with a camel cart on the frozen Volga et al.). The other portraits show a “Tatar vet” (Tartarischer Tierarzt), Persian longshoremen in Astrakhan, Russian girl in the holiday dress, and Ruthenian and Galitzian war refugees.
The album is supplemented with two individual larger drawings titled by the artist “From the Bolkhuny Chronicles, 1917”. They give a slightly ironic picture of public meetings of German internees and prisoners of war in Bolkhuny in spring or summer 1917, during the rule of the Russian Provisional Government. The drawings have a very similar composition consisting of three parts. The central parts of both drawings show the public meeting near the Bolkhuny police department lead by Karl Lindenberg, who was, according to the pencil note on verso of one of the drawings, an engineer from Moscow. One of his phrases is recorded by the artist: “Meine Herren! Sie glauben ja garnich was wir unter uns für Menschen haben!” Lindenberg apparently bought or received the Bolkhuny watercolour album from the artist, as his inscription “Herrn K.H. Lindenberg. Bolchuny, 1916” is on the first free endpaper of the album.
The upper parts of the drawings show the supporters of the tsarist regime (titled “Das alte Regime und seine Anhänger’ and “Der gute alte Freundeskreis”); and the lower parts – the revolutionaries (“Das revolutionare Comite und seine Helfershlfer” and “Das neue Regime und seine Anhänger”). Names of all supporters are placed under the portraits or on verso.
Overall the collection is a historically significant and beautiful (!) illustration of life in the Astrakhan region during the WWI, with important additions to the fate of German prisoners of war in Russia before and after the Russian Revolution of 1917.
Yenotayevsk (now Yenotaevka village) is located on the right channel of the Volga River 154 km north of Astrakhan and is separated from the river’s main channel by the Chicherin Island. It is the oldest settlement in the Astrakhan province, with the fortress protecting the trade route from Astrakhan to central Russia being founded in 1742. In 1785 the town became the centre of the district (uyezd), and in 1810 the fortress was abolished. In the last quarter of the 19th century the town turned into a place of the political exile in the Astrakhan region where a number of antigovernment and revolutionary activists were interned. This fact explains why the prisoners of war were transported here in 1914-1917. In 1925 Yenotayevsk lost its status as a city and remains a village (although a center of the Yenotayevsky district) nowadays (Russian Brokhaus dictionary on-line).
Bolkhuny is a village in the Akhtubinsky district of the Astrakhan region (founded in 1822, before 1927 – a part of the Yenotayevsky district). The village is located on the left bank of the Akhtuba River (Volga’s tributary) over 200 km north of Astrakhan. In the beginning of the 20th century it had over 7000 inhabitants, a school, a church, 55 shops (lavka), three large trade fairs, three bread warehouses (magazin), and smaller weekly fairs. Bolkhuny was known for its livestock breeding (over 15000 sheep, 7000 cows) and over 100 wind mills (Russian Brokhaus dictionary on-line).


68. RITCHIE, Joseph (ca. 1788-1819)
[Interesting Autograph Letter to John Whishaw, Secretary of the African Institution, Written at the Beginning of Ritchie's Ill-Fated Expedition to Africa, to Introduce Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, who was a son of the Prime Minister of the Pasha of Tripoli, and Later Would Become the Pasha’s Foreign Minister, and Additionally he was Later also Connected to the Fate of Alexander Laing].

Marseilles, 28 August 1818. Quarto (ca. 25,5x19,5 cm). 1 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Mild fold marks and light chipping of the top margin, ink slightly faded, but overall a very good legible letter.
Rare historically important letter by Joseph Ritchie, an English surgeon and African explorer, written during his ill-fated expedition to Northern Africa in 1818-1819, which tried to ascertain the course of the Niger and the location of the fabled Timbuktu. Ritchie and George Lyon followed the route of Frederick Hornemann’s expedition of 1797, crossing the Sahara via Murzuq. “The expedition was underfunded, lacked support and because of the ideas of Barrow departed from Tripoli and thus had to cross the Sahara as part of their journey. A year later, due to much officialdom they had only got as far as Murzuk, the capital of Fezzan, where they both fell ill. Ritchie never recovered and died there” (Wikipedia).
The letter, written in Marseille shortly before Ritchie's departure for Malta was addressed to John Whisham (1764-1840), the secretary of the African Institution and the biographer of Mungo Park. Ritchie introduced to him 'Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, a Tripolitan who has passed some time in this Town - & son of the present Minister of the Pacha. I am anxious in some measure to repay the Services which he has rendered me during a tedious detention here (waiting for a passage to Malta) by giving me much useful information respecting Africa; the interest which has been so kindly taken in the Attempt I am about to make, emboldens me to hope that his liberality & goodness will be well-appreciated in England'.
Hassuna D’Ghies was appointed the foreign minister of the Pasha of Tripoli in 1825. He “came from a wealthy merchant family with commercial interests in Ghadamis, Fazzan, and various European countries. Having spent seven years in London and Paris on business and diplomatic missions, he was familiar with European ways. [British consul in Tripoli] Warrington, who had most to lose from Hassuna D’Ghies insistence on conducting business with the consuls in a way which prevented their intervention in local affairs, used the death near Timbuktu in 1826 of the English explorer Major Laing as an occasion to force the pasha to dismiss his foreign minister. <…> Warrington claimed, without any substantial evidence, that Laing’s assassination had been plotted by the Pasha and D’Ghies, that the latter had given Laing’s papers to the French consul in return for a forty per cent reduction of a debt which he owed him and that Caillie had never set foot in Timbuktu and the diary he had published under his name was compiled from Laing’s papers.” As a result in 1829 D’Ghies was announced by the pasha responsible for Laing’s death and replaced as foreign minister by his brother Muhammed (Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. A history of the Maghrib in the Islamic period. Cambridge University Press, 1993, p. 202).
Ritchie was involved into scientific and literary circles of London. He foretold the exceptional literary future of John Keats, and “possibly from some association of ‘Endymion’ with the Mountains of the Moon, promised to carry a copy of the poem with him to Africa and fling it into the midst of the Sahara” (Oxford DNB).


69. RIZEK, Emil (1901-1988)
[Signed and Dated Oil Painting, Titled on Verso Label:] Totem Poles (Stanley Park, Vancouver B.C.).

[Vancouver, B.C.], 1932. Oil painting on canvas ca.76,8x49,5 cm (30 ¼ x 19 ½ in). The painting has been expertly restored and mounted on a new canvas with the original CPR label mounted on verso. In a handsome recent black molded wooden frame with gilt highlights, overall an excellent painting.
Emil Rizek was an important Austrian painter who traveled widely throughout his lifetime and produced many of his paintings while travelling. By the time he had produced the present work, he had already travelled extensively throughout Europe, Japan, South Africa, Indonesia, United States and Canada. His works include landscapes, local people, cityscapes and scenes of everyday life.
This painting shows three totem poles that stand in Vancouver’s Stanley Park. The poles were first installed in the park in the 1920s as part of a project to recreate a First Nations village by the Art, Historical and Scientific Association of Vancouver. The poles in this painting originate from Alert Bay, and the canoe pulled up to shore in the background is Kwakiutl. This canoe had been a working vessel, transporting Kwakiutl natives to gatherings before it was abandoned and then later relocated to the First Nations village, (now Klahowya Village), in Stanley Park. In 1962, all the poles were moved to Brockton Point, where more poles were added, many of which still stand today.
Notably, the center pole is Chief Wakas Pole, which originally stood in front of Chief Wakas’s house in Alert Bay and was first raised in the 1890s. Originally, the raven’s beak opened to form a ceremonial entrance to the house. Nimpkish artist Doug Cramer, who inherited Chief Wakas’s crests, carved a new replica pole in 1987. The original pole featured in this painting is now in the Museum of Civilization in Ottawa.
Overall an artistically and historically important beautiful and expressive oil painting, representing one of the best of the artist's work.
Provenance: Collection of the Canadian Pacific Railway; acquired as a gift from the above; by descent to a Private Collection, Vancouver. Works by Rizek frequently come up for auction with many results also from Christies and Sothebys. Similar paintings from his Indonesian travels and of a similar quality to the present painting have fetched up to 116,620 USD.


70. ROSS, [Sir] John (1777-1856)
A Voyage of Discovery, made Under the Orders of the Admiralty for the Purpose of Exploring Baffin's Bay, and Inquiring into the Probability of a North-West Passage.

London: John Murray, 1819. First Edition. Quarto. [iv], xxxix, [i], 252, cxliv pp. With fifteen hand colored aquatint plates (four folding) and ten other aquatint plates (two folding) and four engraved tables (three folding) and three folding charts (including frontispiece). Handsome period brown gilt tooled polished full calf. Recased with original spine laid down, otherwise a very good copy.
"In January 1818 Ross was appointed to the Isabella, a hired whaler, as commander of an expedition, which with the Alexander, commanded by Lieutenant William Edward Parry, sailed in April to endeavour to make the north-west passage through Davis Strait. Ross's nephew James Clark Ross, in whose career he took a special interest, sailed with him. It was the renewal of the search which had been laid on one side during the war, and resulted in the rediscovery of Baffin Bay, the identification of several points named in Baffin's map, and proof that Buss and James islands did not exist. Ironically, however, when Ross attempted to proceed westward through Lancaster Sound, he was deceived by a mirage and described the passage as barred by a range of mountains, which he named the Croker mountains. He then returned to England, thereby losing his only possibility of penetrating the north-west passage. His report was, in the first instance, accepted as conclusive, and he was promoted to post rank on 7 December 1818. In the following year he published A voyage of discovery made … for the purpose of exploring Baffin's Bay, and inquiring into the probability of a north-west passage (1819).
Sir John Barrow was furious that the attempt to find the ‘open polar sea’ had failed and gave vent to his anger in person to Ross. The Admiralty had already learned that there were some doubts as to the reality of the Croker mountains, and had dispatched another expedition, under the command of Parry. Ross's book was attacked by Barrow in the Quarterly Review (January 1819). Edward Sabine, who had been one of the scientific staff of the expedition, in his Remarks on the Account of the Late Voyage alleged that Ross was the only person to have seen the Croker mountains and that Ross had appropriated to himself and misrepresented some scientific results of the voyage. Ross defended himself in Explanation of Captain Sabine's Remarks (1819). Parry's return in October 1820 brought proof that Ross had judged too hastily, and led to an undue disparagement of his work and a rift with his nephew" (Oxford DNB); Abbey Travel 634; Arctic Bibliography 14873. "A famous, even notorious, voyage led by Captain John Ross.., Ross attempted to proceed westward through Lancaster Sound, but, presumably deceived by a mirage, he described the passage as barred by a range of mountains, which he named the Croker Mountains, despite the disbelief of his colleagues" (Hill 1488); Sabin 73376.


71. RUJULA, Juan Félix de, Chronicler and the King of Arms (1744-1806)
[KINGDOM OF SPAIN: Beautiful Manuscript Nobility Patent, Given to the Montero Family, Written in Calligraphic Secretarial Hand, and Illustrated with a Large Watercolour of the Montero Coat of Arms and Pictorial Initials]: Don Juan Feliz de Rujula, Cronista y Rey de Armas en todos los Reynos, Dominios y Señorios de su Majestad Catolica el Señor Don Carlos Quarto (que Dios guarde) Rey de España y de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, Islas y Tierra firme del Mar Occeano etc. ect...

Madrid, 10 October 1796. Folio (ca. 31x20,5 cm). Eight unnumbered paper leaves. Calligraphic manuscript text in black, red and blue ink, within red ink decorative borders. With a full page watercolour on vellum in colour and gold (the coat of arms). With five pictorial watercolour initials and two vignettes. Signed at the end by Juan Felix de Rujula, Juan Manuel Lopez Fando and two other officials. With the official ink stamp of “Carolus IV D.G. Hispaniar Rex” within the watercolour ornamental frame on the first leaf, and with an official paper label of “Cabild. De Escribanos de el numero. Madrid” on the last leaf. Original brown full treed calf with gilt ruled ornamental borders, gilt spine and marbled endpapers. Binding slightly rubbed, last leaf with minor tears on the margin, without last free endpaper, traces of a manuscript label removed from the last pastedown, but overall a beautiful document in very good condition.
Beautiful example of an official Spanish 18th century nobility patent, the document bears the personal signature of the Spanish Chronicler and King of Arms (Cronista y Rey de Armas) “D. Juan Felix de Rujua”, as well as those of Madrid notary Juan Manuel Lopez Fando and two other officials. The patent contains the text of the certificate of arms, a concise genealogy of the Montero family and the description of the Montero coat of arms. The large superb watercolour of the coat of arms, heightened in gold, features a tree with two keys hanging on its branches, and five golden horns on red background, all within elaborate floral ornament. The text is decorated with five beautiful initials illuminated in gold and black with small coloured landscape scenes in the background.
The document mentions a number of representatives of the Montero family, but seems to concern firstly the line of Dona Francisca Ambrosia Montero, Rios y Anaya, legitimate wife of Don Diego Ximenez de Lasarte, resident of the city of Antequera; legitimate daughter of Don Pedro Josef Montero de Anaya, granddaughter of Don Luis Montero, and second granddaughter of Don Christoval Ruiz Montero.
The last name of Montero is included into the famous “Enciclopedia Heráldica Hispano-Americana” by Alberto and Arturo Caraffa (88 vol., 1919-1963). The index prepared by the Library of Congress lists the last name of Montero in vol. 58, p. 162.


72. SCHOMBURGK, Sir Robert Hermann (1804-1865)
[An Extensive Autograph Letter Signed‚ as British Consul in Siam‚ to Captain John Washington‚ Hydrographer to the Admiralty in London‚ Discussing Preparations for his Journey to Chiang Mai (the Last Major Scientific Travel in his career)‚ Scientific Instruments Necessary for the Journey, Siamese King Mongkut and his Second King Pinklao; Mentioning Sir Francis Beaufort‚ and the Latest Discovery of Sir John Franklin’s Fate].

Bangkok, 28 November 1859. Octavo (ca. 18x11 cm). 12 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper with Schomburgk’s blind stamped monograms on the top margins. With red ink marks and notes in different hand (apparently by Washington). A very good letter.
A long and important letter by Sir Robert Hermann Schomburgk‚ renowned explorer of British Guiana‚ British consul in San Domingo (1848-57) and in Siam (1857-64). The letter written as British consul in Siam, reports about Schomburgk’s plans for his last major scientific expedition – a travel to Chiang Mai, the ancient capital of the Lanna Kingdom in the north of Thailand: “I stand now on the eve of a much larger expedition, namely to Xieng Mai, the last principle Siamese town near the confines of China. From thence I purpose to turn westward to Mulmain on the eastern bank of the Gulf of Bengal, and crossing the Malay Peninsula, return to Bangkok. This, my dear and kind friend will probably be the last tour of that description which I can hope to undertake with 56 years upon my shoulders.”
Schomburgk discusses different types of scientific instruments necessary for the journey, stating the loss of barometer during his recent river travel to Phetchaburi: “the boat coming into contact during a dark night with some of the palisades across the river Meklong [sic!]‚ was thrown on her beamends‚ and made a sad havock in the cabin. I saved the Chronometer‚ but the Barometer fell a victim to the accident...”. Now he only has two aneroids and three chronometers – two belonging to the Admiralty and his own gold chronometer “for which I paid £55”. He complains about “pernicious” effect of the local climate on chronometers and remembers the words of Sir Francis Beaufort about Schomburgk’s Guiana expedition of 1840: “take a sextant and a good watch with you, and you have an observatory wherever you go.” The conclusion is that “I am almost restricted to the number he mentioned.”
Schomburgk’s feelings about the life in the Siamese capital are that “I prefer rather to live at once amongst the Savages, where my expectations are tempered to what I have to expect, that in Bangkok with its false pretentions <…> this observation bears no reference to the two kings and the Government.” He describes King Mongkut of Siam (best known in the West as the main character in the play and film “The King and I”) as “somewhat pompous, and while I respect H.M. In his character, I equally insist upon that he shall respect me as H.M. Consul.” Schomburgk also mentions that the Second King or King Pinklao “is anxious to have a Pocket Chronometer by one of the best makers, it is to be of silver (not intended to be worn in the pocket, but just like the one I now return to you, to be placed in a small box).” He asks Washington to undertake the commission if he wishes so.
In the end of the letter Schomburgk notes that he has “just received the findings of poor Sir John Franklin’s fate, as ascertained by Capt. McClintock – how very sad! Lady Franklin, I see, is in Paris. If you are acquainted with Mrs. Dixon, one of the daughters of Lady Simpkinson [Lady Franklin’s sister], please tell her my consolation”. Overall a very interesting and rich content letter.


73. STAVENHAGEN, Wilhelm Siegfried (1814-1881)
[Complete set of Views of Courland, Livland and Estland: Three Albums with Explanatory text Bound Together:] Album Kurländischer Ansichten… Album Livländischer Ansichten… Album Estländischer Ansichten… Mit erläuterndem Text von verschiedenen Verfassern.

Mitau: Selbstverlag des Herausgebers, 1866-1867. First edition. Folio, 3 parts in one. [4], ii, [201 – separate pagination]; 4, ii, [266 – separate pagination]; [4], 4, ii, [235 – separate pagination] pp. With three steel engraved title pages and 87 plates after drawings by Stavenhagen, engraved on steel by G.G. Lange in Darmstadt; three decorative vignettes on the title pages engraved by A. Fesca. Ink exlibris-stamp on the first title page “Fürst M. Lievens Bibliothek”. Period brown half morocco, spine with raised bands, gilt tooled vignettes and gilt lettered title; marbled endpapers, all edges gilt. Binding by Otto Henss, “Hof-Buchbinder in Weimar” (paper label on verso of the last free endpaper), gilt tooled owner’s initials “A.P.” on the bottom of the spine. Binding rubbed and worn at extremities, weak at hinges, with a crack on top of the rear hinge, minor water stains in text, but overall a very good copy in very original condition.
Important Mitau (Jelgava) illustrated edition, very rare when complete. Worldcat finds only three to five copies of each part, and no copies of a set with all three parts bound together. Our copy is from the library of Earl Michael Karl Nikolaus von Lieven (1850-1909), a member of one of the oldest and noblest families of the Baltic Germans. The book contains ninety masterly executed views of Estonia and Latvia (including title page vignettes), supplemented with specially prepared descriptive texts. The plates give a beautiful overview of the Baltic provinces, showing main cities and ports (Riga, Mitau, Libau, Dorpat, Reval, Narva et al.), ancient castles (Baustke, Koknese), palaces and private villas (villas Stavenhagen, Totleben, Heimtali Manor, Schloss Fall, Schloss Hapsal), and beautiful countryside (Gutman’s Cave, Lake Klooga, Pühajärv Lake). Overall this work is a great portrait of the Baltic states in the second half of the 19th century.
Wilhelm Siegfried Stavenhagen was a Baltic German artist and sculptor. He attended Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts (1834), was a student of sculptor Eduard Schmidt von der Launitz in Frankfurt-on-Main; in 1847-49 studied in the Munich Academy of Arts. Since 1850 Stavenhagen worked as a sculptor in Mitau (Jelgava), becoming known as the creator of numerous views of Baltic cities and landscapes (Baltisches Biographisches Lexicon digital).


74. TEN EYCK, Samuel
[FRASER RIVER GOLD RUSH & GADSDEN PURCHASE: Important Autograph Letter Signed from Samuel Ten Eyck to O.B. Throop, giving a Description of Guaymas, Mexico, his Impressions of Mexicans, and Briefly Relating his Experiences During the Fraser River Gold Rush].

Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico: April 27th, 1859. On a folded double quarto leaf. [4] pp. Brown ink on bluish paper. Blind stamp of a papermaker (Rolland Freres, Bordeaux) in the upper left corner. Housed in a later custom made blue quarter morocco clam shell box with gilt lettered spine. Old fold marks, otherwise a near fine letter.
In this letter Samuel Ten Eyck writes to his friend, Origin B. Throop, back home in Schoharie, New York, offering a description of the Mexican port city of Guaymas, Sonora, giving his assessment of Mexican attitudes toward Americans, and describing his experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
Samuel Ten Eyck came from a prominent family in New York's Schoharie County. He left Schoharie in the early 1850s, went to California in search of gold, took part in the Fraser River Gold Rush in British Columbia of 1858-1859, and then arrived in Guaymas, Mexico in the spring of 1859. He apparently went to Sonora in anticipation of that state and the surrounding Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sinaloa being annexed to the United States. The Gadsen Purchase Treaty, ratified in 1854, brought a part of northern Sonora into the United States, and there appears to have been some agitation for the United States to take more territory in the region. Such a thing did not occur, and it is unknown for how long Ten Eyck stayed in Guaymas waiting for it to happen, or where his travels took him next.
The letter begins by Ten Eyck asking Throop to make discreet inquiries to some of his friends as to why they have not corresponded with him. "I suppose you will be astonished to learn I am in this God-forsaken country. I must confess, I am astonished to find myself here, but here I am and what is still more pleasant, have a mighty fine prospect of, as it is termed in California, making my pile. I have been here but a month. On my arrival I found the country all excitement, and a revolution going on in the three states, 'Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa,' they being, I think, the tail end of creation, but they are full of silver mines and in saying that I say all that can be said in their favour. The Mexicans are the most hostile people in the world and think no more of killing an American than of taking a drink and as this is the scene of Walker's exploits and also where the unfortunate H.A. Crabb & followers were massacred, I am obliged to keep a pretty sharp look out. The women, however, are very kind & affectionate, and in case of difficulty invariably give you a warning and find a place of concealment for you. At least I have found it so on two occasions. <..,>
Guaymas, the seaport of Sonora & an old city, contains perhaps eight thousand inhabitants and being an earthquake country the houses are but one story high and mostly built of adoby [sic], which is the building material of mostly all houses in Mexico and on entering one is reminded more of a large brickyard than of a large city. <..,> I would not have come here but that the three states above named will without doubt be annexed to the U.S. - if so your humble servant is all right. I have had five years experience in California and any chance that may offer here I am on hand, in fact the pioneer."
Ten Eyck also briefly describes his experiences in British Columbia during the recent Fraser River Gold Rush: "It is as hot as blazes [in Guaymas]. I feel it more perhaps than others just having come from a northern country, as the year past I have been at Vancouver's Island & British Columbia. You of course heard of the Fraser River excitement. I was almost the first of the many thousands that rushed to that cold country. It did not prove as profitable as was anticipated, still it paid me very well, as I was able after nine months hard work to leave with a five hundred more than I took with me."
In the end Ten Eyck gives his assessment of the qualities of the women he has encountered in Guaymas, "beautiful, full of life and spirit", "very positive to us Americans" etc. A very interesting important letter, with provocative views on Mexico and a bit of information on one American's experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
O.B. Throop was the owner of the only drug store in the county which still exists today as the Schoharie pharmacy, and a Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Albany and Schoharie plank road (1862).


75. TSYLOV, Nikolai Ivanovich (1799-1879)
[First Saint Petersburg Street Atlas] Atlas Trinadstati Chastei S. Peterburga s Podrobnim Izobrazheniem Naberezhnikh, Ulits, Pereulkov, Kazennikh I Obivatelskikh Domov [Atlas of the Thirteen Districts of Saint Petersburg With Details of the Embankments, Streets, Side Streets, State and Private Hoses] / Published by Permission of the Government.

Saint Petersburg, 1849. First Edition. Quarto. [8] pp. Almost completely lithographed edition, except eight preliminary pages and errata pages. Lithographed half title and title page, General plan of St. Petersburg, 392 numbered plans, [27] unnumbered leaves between the plans, [2 - errata]. All plans and leaves are lithographed. Very handsome Russian period style red elaborately gilt tooled full morocco. A near fine copy.
Very rare work as only 3 copies found in Worldcat. First detailed topographical atlas of Saint Petersburg with exhaustive information on the streets, lanes, buildings, and significantly, the names of all private house owners. It was compiled by the noted cartographer and statesman, Major-General Nikolai Ivanovich Tsylov who became famous for his address books and the topographical atlases of Saint Petersburg and Tsarskoe Selo. Our "Atlas Trinadtsati Chastei" was composed on a special assignment of the Head of Saint Petersburg Police Alexander Galakhov (Tsylov dedicated the book to him, see dedication leaf). Not long after the atlas had been published, the Tsylov became a member of the Russian Geographical Society.
The book contains a general plan of Saint Petersburg showing all its 13 districts, as well as plans of each district of the city delineating the quarters and is detailed to the smallest side streets. The district plans are supplemented with an alphabet Indexes of the streets which help in search of a particular street. The most voluminous part of the book, occupying 392 leaves, consists of detailed plans of all the Saint Petersburg streets, squares, embankments and islands, with all government buildings and private houses and dachas shown. Owner’s names are specified everywhere.
The author’s aim was to create the easiest reference for the townsmen in search of every street and lane, as well as the name and rank of the particular building’s owner. He also gave information about specific features of each building (material: wood or stone, length and number of floors). "It’s obvious, that no plan can substitute this atlas. The plan detailed enough to compare with the atlas would be too large. Every plan shows us the topography of a city, but doesn’t help in a quick search of a street, not to speak about a house" (p. [5]).
The atlas is considered an important source of the historical topography of Saint Petersburg and is a table book for all historians of the city. It was published in a small print run and like all other Russian lithographed editions is very scarce.
A separately issued "Alphabet Index" containing names of streets and house owners (SPb., 1849), was published but as almost always in not present with this copy.


76. TURNER, Captain Henry A. Royal Artillery (Active 1849-1853)
[Two Watercolour Panoramas each on four Joined Sheets Titled: "St. Georges, Grenada from Hospital Hill," & "View of the Harbour, St. Georges, Grenada, from Belmont Hill." Dated on verso 1852.]

1852. Each panorama ca. 18 x 54 cm (7 ½ x 21 ½ in). Both watercolour panoramas consisting of four sheets of paper joined with strips of linen and overall in very good condition. Recently matted.
These two attractive and skillfully executed pencil and watercolour panoramas, each on four sheets of paper, are part of a series of studies by Captain Turner for two hand coloured lithograph views:"View of the Town and Harbour, St. George's, Grenada, West Indies taken from the hill above Belmont, showing the barracks and Richmond Hill on the right and Fort George on the left," & "View of the Harbour, St George's, Grenada, W.I. Taken from Fort George," both published by Ackermann & Co., London 1852. The panoramas are from larger collection of watercolours and drawings of which several were signed with initials 'H.A.T.' on the mounts, and the majority were titled and dated 1851-52. "St. George's is the capital of Grenada. The city is surrounded by a hillside of an old volcano crater and is on a horseshoe-shaped harbor" (Wikipedia).


77. WALTHER, Charles Davis (fl. 1813-1842)
[Illustrated Manuscript Account of the Author's Travels to Paris and Belgium, Including to the Site of the Recently Fought Battle of Waterloo, with a Beautiful Double-page Handcoloured Plan of the Battle of Waterloo, Titled]: "An Account of a Visit to Paris and Belgium made in the year 1817."

Ca. 1817. Octavo (ca. 19x13 cm). T.p., [3], 164, [4] pp. With six original drawings on separate leaves. Text: brown ink on paper within red ink double borders; drawings: pencil or ink on paper (including two handcoloured double-page plans), within decorative ink borders, with handwritten titles. Occasional author’s pencil corrections in text. Period style brown full calf with gilt ruled ornamental borders, spine with raised bands, gilt stamped ornaments and gilt lettered sheep title labels. Marbled endpapers. A very good manuscript.
A captivating manuscript account of an Englishman’s travel to France and Belgium, with an extensive description and beautiful handcoloured plan of the Battle of Waterloo compiled just two years after the famous battle (18 June 1815). The author, Charles Davis Walther, also wrote several comic songs (including one with a curious title “Bill the Binder”, 1832), “having then completed [his] 20th year”, travelled to the Continent in August-September 1817. He went to Paris via Dieppe, staying there for about two weeks, and then proceeded to Belgium via Valencienne and Cambrai, visiting Brussels, Waterloo, Ghent and Ostend. Walther was “anxious to see the curiosities of a Country with which we had been so many years at war” and was tempted to see Waterloo and the Low Countries.
The account written in a lively manner contains an interesting description of the Waterloo field and town, with detailed description of the French and Allied positions and movements during the battle. Walther notes that in the garden of Hougoumont, one of the battle’s sites “there is not a tree that is not perforated in all directions by bullets”, and of the stone wall “the face of every other brick is completely knocked to pieces”. He gives a convincing testimony of a feverish hunt for the “souvenirs” of the battle, digging himself a bullet out of the tree with the assistance of a chisel and a broken brick “from the depth of three inches”. The same fate reached “the tree by which the Duke of Wellington stood during the greatest part of the action. This tree in 1815 was twice the size, but numberless visitors have stript it of most of its portable branches, and a boy on our approach climbed up to the top for several sprigs – indeed, this tree seems to be the source of pocket money to the boys, for which reason they are now very sparing of it”. Walther also gives an interesting description of La Belle Alliance inn, Napoleon’s headquarters during the battle of Waterloo where the Duke of Wellington and Gebhard Blücher met to mark the end of the fighting. The “room where this remarkable scene took place” was covered in inscriptions and names of numerous visitors “either in prose or verse”.
Walther witnessed a grand review of the British army in Cambrai, noting that the town “contains a great many bad and bold girls, this may be ascribed to the English army having its head quarters here”. On the road to Valencienne he met English and Prussian foraging parties, describing Prussian lancers of “much the appearance of Cossacks, their spears are twelve feet long, and their pistols are absolutely as long as blunderbusses”. In Paris he had a truly great time, visiting a number of famous landmarks, attending theatres and varietes and having dinners in nice restaurants with indispensable wine or eau-de-vie. His descriptions of the city, as well as other places visited are amusing.
The narration is illustrated with six Walther’s drawings taken on spot, including superb double-page plans of the Battle of Waterloo and the Luxembourg Palace in Paris, views of La Belle Alliance, Hougoumont, Waterloo church and Dieppe, and copies of fragments from the love letters of Francis I and Henry IV, which he made in the manuscript department of the Bibliotheque Royal in Paris. The manuscript is made as a book and contains a title page (in red and black), introduction and a table of contents.
Overall a fascinating period account of one of the most famous sites of the Napoleonic wars.


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