Autumn 2016 - New Acquisitions and Stock Highlights

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JONES, Thomas Morgan (d. 1817)
[Extensive Important Autograph Letter Signed "Thos. Morgan Jones" and Addressed to Reverend Matthew Wilks (1746-1829) (one of the founders of the London Missionary Society) Describing in Detail Jones' Outbound Voyage to The Gold Coast, his First Impressions of Cape Coast Castle and his Experiences of his First Seven Weeks There, Including a Detailed Account of the Preparations of Bowdich's Mission to Ashantee of Which Jones was Initially Meant to be a Participant].

Cape Coast Castle (Ghana), 8 March 1817. Folio (ca. 33x20,5 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on beige laid paper. Addressed, sealed and postmarked on the last page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, a couple of repaired tears at folds, some soiling on last page, otherwise a very good legible letter.
A historically important letter which Jones starts by saying that the "voyage hither was very favorable.., [and that he] arrived here [Cape Coast Castle] on the 16th of Jany. [1817]. He goes on to describe the landscape, "the feature of the country all along the Gold Coast is nearly the same as it is here, namely small hills covered with bush or evergreen shrubs to their very summits which gives an appearance of perpetual verdure to the country that is very pleasing." He continues by saying that "a man from the interior is called a Bushman.., [and] there are so many novelties & such myriads of birds of every description, many of whose plumage is beautiful or curious in the extreme, that a man cannot walk out without deriving amusement. I should have now sent you some birds but when shot their plumage is generally spoiled as the natives do not bring them in for sale until the rainy season & after which period I hope to send you some that may be thought worthy a place in your museum if I can be sufficiently successful in my attempt to preserve them.., I think the bush may contain a great many that are not known." He also mentions large predators, "the only carnivorous animal that is constantly here is the patacos (hyena).., [a] large leopard has not been seen here for two years that was taken by the present king of the town in a trap after many fruitless attempts to do so. This animal put the whole town in consternation."
However, the most important part of the letter relates to the preparation of Bowdich's Mission: "we brought out very superb presents for the King of Ashantee & a deportation of officers with a guard is to take them up (this embassy is described in Thomas Edward Bowdich, (1791-1824), The Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, London 1819)." Jones seems to have been meant to go on this mission but the new governor John Hope Smith (d. 1831) "wished to retain [him] at the castle.., [as the] limit the number to be sent to three officers [but still] it having been represented to him by Mr. Bowdich that I was qualified to take counter observations on the route was the reason of his so doing but as the expense of each individual will be very great on account of the great distance will be very great & as the instructions from the Committee are on a very economical plan no more will go than are absolutely necessary, namely [Frederick] James esq., Mr. Bowdich to take Lat. Long. of various places on the route & whom I was to adjust. Mr. Tedlie as surgeon & botanist & a resident probably the first has resided many years in this country & has great knowledge of the manners, language & customs." Jones also covers many other topics in this extensive letter including further description of the countryside and its fauna, local customs and alcohol consumption, the local mission and its recently constructed school and Jones' financial and living situation etc, etc.


ASHMUN, J[ehudi] (1794-1828)
History of the American Colony in Liberia, from December 1821 to 1823. Compiled from the Authentic Records of the Colony.

Washington: Way & Gideon, 1826. First Edition. Octavo (21x13,5 cm). 42 pp. With a large folding map. Handsome period style gilt tooled full sheep with a gilt title label. With some minor browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"In 1821 a site at Cape Mesurado was selected by the American Colonization Society as appropriate for the 'repatriation' of a detachment of freed American slaves, and in 1822 Jehudi Ashmun, a white American, went out at the request of the Society to aid the infant settlement. The first settlers were landed on Providence Island at the mouth of the Mesurado River, but after protracted negotiations with Bassa and Dei headmen they eventually procured the rights to the Du Kor Peninsula on which Monrovia now stands. Ashmun was joined for a while in 1824 by Robert Gurley, who gave the settlement the name Liberia" (Howgego 1800-1850 W23); "Ashmun was an American religious leader and social reformer who became involved in the American Colonization Society. He served as the United States government's agent in the Liberia colony and as such its de facto governor for two different terms: one from August 1822 until April 1823, and another from August 1823 until March 1828.., As United States representative to Liberia as well as agent of the ACS, Ashmun effectively became governor of the colony from 1822 to 1828, from ages 28 to 34. He took a leadership role in what he found to be a demoralized colony and helped build the defenses of Monrovia, as well as building up trade. During his tenure in Liberia, Ashmun increased agricultural production, annexed more tribal land from the natives, and exploited commercial opportunities in the interior.
He helped create a constitution for Liberia that enabled blacks to hold positions in the government. This was unlike what happened in the neighboring British colony of Sierra Leone, which was dominated by whites although founded for the resettlement of free blacks from Britain and Upper Canada. Ashmun's letters home and his book, History of the American Colony in Liberia, 1821–1823 (1826) constitute the earliest written history of the Liberia colony" (Wikipedia); Sabin 2204.


FLACOURT, [Etienne] Sieur de (1607-1660)
Histoire de la Grande Isle de Madagascar [History of the Great Island of Madagascar].

Paris: Jean Henault, 1658. First Edition. Quarto, 3 parts in one volume. [xxiv], 192, [xviii], 193-384, 42 pp. With a total of fifteen engraved plates and maps including two double page illustrated dedication leaves, six maps (two folding and four double page) and seven plates (one folding and five double page). With two period engraved exlibris. Handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf. Rebacked using original spine, one map with expertly repaired tear, one leaf with minor repair of blank margin some mild age toning, but overall a very good copy in very original condition.
Very rare and important first edition of the first monograph on Madagascar. The works contains a description of the provinces, rivers and natural history of Madagascar and adjacent islands and the religion, language, customs and government of its inhabitants. Many areas are described for the first time. Flacourt was named governor of Madagascar by the French East India Company from 1648-55. "Flacourt restored order among the French soldiers, who had mutinied, but in his dealings with the natives he was less successful, and their intrigues and attacks kept him in continual harassment during his entire term of office. In 1655 he returned to France. Not long after he was appointed director general of the company; but having again returned to Madagascar, he drowned on his voyage home on the 10th of June 1660.., Flacourt was one of the few, if not the only, Western persons to have recorded knowledge of the elephant birds of Madagascar when they were possibly still extant. Flacourtia, a genus of flowering plants in the willow family, Salicaceae, was named in honor of him" (Wikipedia); "Flacourt re-established the French garrison at Fort Dauphin" (Howgego P168); Grandidier 1776.


[Manuscript Report Titled:] Description de la Côte Occidentale D'Afrique depuis le Cap Spartel juqu'au Cap Bojador [Description of the West Coast of Africa from Cape Spartel to Cape Bojador].

Ca. 1800. Quarto (28,5x18,5 cm). Twenty-four pages in fine and regular handwriting in brown ink on recto and verso of beige laid paper. Original stitched beige laid paper wrappers, overall in near fine condition.
An interesting manuscript written by an experienced navigator as a navigation guide for other seaman that gives very detailed descriptions of the African coast between Cape Spartel (near Tangiers) to Cape Bojador (Western Sahara) as well as Madeira and the Canary Island, etc.. The report includes details about latitudes, longitudes, distances, routes, anchorages, hidden rocks, tides, currents and descriptions of visible ports and villages. Overall a very descriptive manuscript offering extensive observations of the geography of the west coast of Africa and near-by islands. The first part of the manuscript describes the Atlantic coast of Morocco and Western Sahara: Cape Spartel, Arzilla (Asilah), Larache, Mamora (Mehdya), Salé, Rabat, Mazagan (El Jadida), Cap Blanc (Ras Nouadhibou), Cap Cantin (Ras Cantin), Bay of Saffia (Safi), Mogador (Essaouira), Cape Geer (Cape Ghir), Port of Gueder, Port of Cansado, Punta Blanca, Rio das Enguias, and Cape Bojador. The second part describes Madeira, and of the Canary Islands: Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Grande Canarie, Tenerife, La Palma, Hierro and Savage Islands (Selvagens), north of the Canaries.
Interesting is a description of the ruins of Anafé (Anfa), present-day Casablanca, on page 6. Anfa was rebuilt as a military fortress by the Portuguese in 1515 and called Casa Branca, then abandoned in 1755 following an earthquake: “Anfa is a long town in ruins, on the edge of the sea. It is easily recognizable due to its numerous towers…When near the town, you can see the woods called La Grange.” On page 8, reference is made to the Lichfield, a British vessel of 50 people that was lost south of Safi, on its way to Gorée Island : « It’s on this coast, approximately 2 leagues south of the river, that the Lichfield vessel of 50 was lost on November 29 1758. » Another source states that the survivors were taken as slaves by the king of Morocco. Some other interesting extracts from the manuscript include:
P. 4 «We can moor everywhere in front of Salé, three cable lengths from the shore, there is depth ; but we find several anchors left by vessels of different nations that may damage the cables. The best mooring is about 2 miles from the town… When we are on the side of Rabatt or old Salé, we must bank the Ahan Tower in the direction of the Round Tower that is at the southern point of the river… »
p. 6 «Mazagan is a fortified town that belongs to Portugal, it is the worst mooring of the entire coast of Barbarie…The bottom is full of rocks between one length and one and a half lengths from the coast… The vessels that stop there moor 2 lengths off the coast, by 35 to 36 fathoms. The waves are always very strong. »
p. 13-16 «Madeira Island is very high, except the extremity which lowers steeply. It is often covered in clouds which render it poorly visible 5 or 6 lengths away and it is often touched before it is discovered… When we leave Funchal for Tenerife, we must travel directly westward, to avoid the Savage Islands that are very dangerous at night…”
p. 21-22 “From the West side of Canary to the point closest to Tenerife, the distance is not more than 10 lengths. In the centre of this island is found the famous Tenerife peak, referred to by the former and current inhabitants as the peak of Teyde… South-East of the island is the bay or port of Santa Cruz, the most attended of all the ports in the Canaries. The best mooring on this route is between the middle of the city and a fort or castle around 1 mile away…”


[KAY, Albert Elms, Lieutenant, RN]
[Original Manuscript Account of the 1867 Voyage up the Niger River by H.M.S. Investigator, with a Detailed Description of a Battle with the Natives after the Ship had been Grounded on a Sand Bank in the Niger Delta for Eleven Days, Negotiations with the Local Chief, Liberation of the Hostage, Casualties on Board et al.].

HMS Investigator, R[iver] Niger, ca. 1867. Folio manuscript journal (ca. 33,5x21 cm). Brown ink on bluish wove paper on five bifoliums for a total of 20 pages written on 18 1/2 rectos and versos. Each bifolium numbered in the upper left corner of the first page. Fold marks, paper age toned, minor chips to margins, not affecting text, last page with a repaired tear not affecting text. Overall a very good manuscript written in a legible hand.
Historically significant original manuscript report of the voyage of HMS “Investigator” under command of Lieutenant A.E. Kay up the Niger River from its delta (the mouth of the Nun River) to Lokoja (central Nigeria). This was one of the yearly voyages of HMS “Investigator” undertaken in 1862-1869 for diplomatic and commercial purposes, as well as to carry cargo and coal to British missions and factories up the Niger. The purpose of this particular voyage was to bring up to Lokoja, Captain J. Lyons McLeod - new British Council for the districts bordering on the Niger and Tchadda Rivers (appointed in 1866), and to “cultivate friendly relations with the tribes living on the banks of the river, and to open communication for the purposes of trade” (Correspondence with the British Commissioners at Sierra Leone, Havana, the Cape of Good Hope, Loanda and New York, and Reports from British Vice-Admirals and from British Naval Officers Relating to the Slave Trade, From January 1 to December 31, 1867// Accounts and Papers of the House of Commons, London, 1868, p. 55). McLeod was to go as far as Rabba to visit King Masaba of the Bida Emirate.
The manuscript, although unsigned is most likely the original draft written by Lieutenant Kay and gives a detailed description of the events on board HMS “Investigator” from 27 July to 14 August 1867. This is a shorter version of Kay’s report published as the enclosure # 1 to the correspondence 22 from Consul McLeod to Lord Stanley, dated Lokoja, 1 September 1867 (Correspondence with British Ministers and Agents in Foreign Countries, and with Foreign Ministers in England, relating to the slave trade. From January 1 to December 31, 1867// Accounts and Papers of the House of Commons,' 1868, pp. 18-24 or 682-688). The texts in this manuscript and the printed reports are very similar, the narration in the manuscript one is more concise and finishes with the ship’s arrival to Onitsha (southeastern Nigeria) whereas the printed report continues till 22 August. The manuscript is most likely the first draft of the report later edited and enlarged by Kay before being sent to the British Foreign Office.
Kay reports about the “Investigator’s” arrival to the mouth of the Nun River from Lagos, purchase of coal from the West Africa Company’s factory at Akassa, and voyage up the river. There is a detailed and dramatic description of the crew's struggle after the ship had been grounded on the sand bank near Imblamah village on July 31 and was floated only on August 10, “the eleven days she was aground in the delta of the Niger, and exposed to six different attacks by the Imblamah pirates, during each of which they endeavoured to obtain possession of HMS “Investigator” (Correspondence with British Ministers and Agents in Foreign Countries…, p. 18)”. The report details the attempts to take the ship of the sand bank, shooting and fights with the natives, casualties on board, negotiations with the local chief, liberation of the hostage from the “Investigator’s” crew, and others. Overall a very interesting eye-witness account of the early commercial navigation in the Niger delta.
“In August 1867 Mr. McLeod started up the Niger in H.M.S. Investigator. The Investigator was a wooden paddle-wheel steamer, 121 feet long, and drawing 4 feet 5 inches. Her armament was three 12-pounder Howitzers, and she carried a crew of 40. The ship grounded at Jublana, and for six days the natives attacked the man-of-war with heavy rifle-fire. The Consul, as an ex-naval officer, with McCarthy, an African carpenter, fought the forward gun. The ship was in great danger. The natives surrounded it with their canoes and threatened to board, and it only escaped after jettisoning most of its stores and so lightening the ship that it was able to float over the shoals and get up to Lokoja” (Geary, W. Nigeria under British rule. 1927, p. 168).
Some excerpts from the manuscript include:
July 31st. "... Passed the hostile villages Aloberi, Kiamah, & Opotolo which fired just after passing, 6 guns - 10. Passed the hostile villages of Imblamah, a canoe pulling off with wood. 11:45 grounded suddenly on a sand bank, marked in the chart as I thought an island, stopped, backed astern full speed, sinking ship hard aground... Two canoes came alongside, one with a goat... The other canoe containing about 15 men making demands for drink, not receiving which, not being permitted to come alongside, they departed... I deemed it advisable to lighten her forward, having 15 tons of coal... Landed coal, about 4 tons... On shore… and left the Krooman to look out the coal, I was returning to the ship on Pinnace, when suddenly a heavy fire of musketry was opened on us, and the ship, the krooman guarding coal attacked, driven into the water, natives swimming after him, severely wounding him on head with some sharp weapon...
The fire still continuing & most of my kroomen having jumped overboard, I hailed the ship to open fire... I having only one man left with me... The krooman who had been attacked floating down the River - Sent Sub-Lieutenant [Mallory] to pick him up, a heavy fire being opened on the boat... I used ten rounds of ammunition to each white man & armed the kroomen with cutlasses, pikes, knives & every available weapon in the ship.
August 1st. Casualties - 1. Kroomen on shore badly wounded... But as they [natives] saw the paddles in motion they kept up heavy fire", my kroomen being very frightened, I was obliged to draw my sword on some who would not work under fire... When the natives saw no men on deck they ceased firing. Water rising a little, commenced lightening the ship, & heaving overboard everything heavy... Unfortunately they pitched two more bread pancheons overboard than I intended...
2 August. "... 9.10. Departed this life from wounds Mr Grants - Engineer Steward... 2.20 PM. Committed to the deep the remains of Mr. Grants deceased... Having been up since the ship grounded, over exertion & anxiety produced a feverish attack...the men also beginning to feel the effects of want of rest... "
3 August. "... The ship still aground... Coal getting short, drew fires & blew out boiler, intending to try and dig the sand clear of paddle wheels. Employed heaving overboard private gear, got Bickford's fuze ready for blowing the ship up... I see no possible chance of getting the ship off, as I find less water every day... The natives being reinforced every day... "
"... At about 2 PM heard natives on shore hailing & shewing a white flag, I returned it by shewing a handkerchief, when a Boast with four men came alongside, by means of an interpreter the following intercourse took place. - It appears by their statement that ...when the krooman was left to look after the coal, he strayed as he states 'to go to the rear' but the natives on shore say he went into their plantation...
... They saw either the body of the deceased man or us burying him, and being afraid of the consequences... The hostile villages had sent them a message that if they hurt any white men next year large steamers would come up & take their country - They said they wished for us peace, but in my own belief they were short of ammunition... Frightened of what they had already done... They also said that another steamer had passed up the river a short time back, near this place, & that for a dash, they had dug her out... They would do the same for me, they then wanted me to give a present for their chief, which I did & also a bottle of Brandy, they promised to return..."
4th August. "... Captain beginning to get very weak, also men gradually getting weaker after four days hard work, & exposure I deemed it advisable to give them a little rest. A canoe came alongside with fowls to barter and a present... Mr. Mallory also presented the chief with a new coat... They then left promising to bring 20 men & dig us out, natives coming freely round the ship, the greater part of them being females. 1 PM. Natives came off & commenced digging ship out... I deemed it advisable to send them away for the night & to have an interview with the chief on shore...
...I then informed him that I came to see King Masaba, that I would not hurt him, or any of his people... If he would dig the ship out... To come onboard & see what he would like, for having thrown overboard nearly everything, I was placed in a very strange position... "
5th August. "... Lighted fire, got up steam, kroomen having dug trench deeper... Ship still hard aground... I fear my only chance of getting ship off will be to wait until the River flows, or with the assistance of the steamer 'Thomas Bazley' returning...
... Canoe going to and for with messages from chief concerning what I would give him to get me off & he wanted rum... I would not give a single thing more until the ship was afloat... Received a message requesting to know if I would send one man, as hostage for the 20 he would send, and a guarantee for the present... I immediately send the man, (one krooman John Brown who volunteered), not fearing treachery... Canoe left with cowries (5 bags) and John Brown Krooman (Benin Boy)... Suddenly a heavy crop fire with large guns & musquets was opened on us from the bush... I returned do. With both Howitzer loaded... & rifles... When the shell from the Howitzer burnt among them I heard screams as though some of them had been killed, or wounded, them firing also... Eventually ceasing about 3.30 PM...
I find it almost impossible, my crew being mostly composed of Kroomen, & they having been under fire before, to heave the ship off. I fear very much that John Brown krooman is killed, but being a Benin Boy they may sell him..."
7th August. "... Only 1/2 ton of coal left... Water still falling... 12.12 foremost Howitzer dismounted by recoil... Heavy firing still going on down the river... A canoe was observed pulling for the ship, holding up an umbrella, I shewed a white flag... The man informed me had come from his father, at a place near Onitsha, having heard that a man was aground in the river, & also to enquire the reason of the natives firing on us, that he was going on shore immediately to hold a palaver... I asked him if it were possible to get back my Benin Boy... He said that with the aid of a bottle of rum he might be able to restore the Benin Boy, & sent his canoe with the rum, for that purpose, himself remaining on board... The canoe in a short time returned, bringing back the rum, not having seen anyone... I then gave them food, observed four musquets & several swords in the Boat. About 4:30 they left the ship, being called by the natives on shore & did not return."
9th August. "... This being the 10th day we have been on shore, water having left us... The same who informed us he had come from his father at Onitsha... He had held palaver... Tried to bring off the man they had made prisoner... Is I would give him a tail-coat he would bring off my man... As the man was taken prisoner as an hostage, not in a fight, I would not..."
10th August. "... Kroomen over side digging away sand... Ship slightly started, draught of water about from 6ft to 10ft, forward 3 feet 8 inches... Weather threatening & at noon commenced to rain. 1.45 sent kroomen to dig away sand, heaving in on cables... 2. ship floated, opening on starboard cable... Got up steam, clearing pinnace & stowing chain ... Sent pinnace for the coals that were landed before reaching shore, a fire was opened on her & ship... Returned do. With rifles, but ship swinging stern on the guns would not bear, most of the kroomen jumped overboard from boat but pinnace got alongside, mostly by the aid of the gunner's mate... Went in gig & brought off canoe, natives deserting her as I approached..."
11th August. "... Proceeded towards hostile villages with white flag at fore. 11.20 anchored off ditto & informed them that if they did not deliver up my man, I would open fire in them. White flag responded to by villages on shore... 2 PM. Natives took man over to the opposite shore, abreast the ship, in an unarmed boat, send boat to communicate with do. But boat having waited over half an hour, & kroomen not coming towards the gig & finding they would not give up the man, & not being the least alarmed about his safety, weighed & steamed up river, it being my intention to recover him by force, on my return down the river..."
12th August. "... 6.15 Weighed, proceeded slowly up the river, soundings very irregular, numerous sand spits not shown in chart... 10. Touched ground, backed astern, sent gig to sound a canoe... 10.40 Allowed a canoe with pilot Jack flying, pilot came alongside, hoisted his canoe up... He knew very little about river... 12.50 Stopped & anchored off Ebo. 1.20 Chief from Ohaghi[?] visited the ship, gave him a dash... Informed him that I had come to visit chiefs & also that I wanted wood, which I would pay for, he sent the canoe for ditto. 3. The chief of Ebo & his wife came on board, presented him with gifts which seemed to please him very much... The next day both chiefs still remaining on board, their great desire being to get rum, I gave them as much as I thought proper. 5. Chief of Odaghi's canoe came off with a little wood, promising more in the morning & wishing to be paid for what he already brought off. I gave him 1 bag of cowries =25/. The chief of Ebo presented me with a Bullock providing I came on shore, the first thing in the morning, to shoot it.
14th August. "... Anchored off Osamari... 9.30 Chief came off, presented him with Government Present... 2 PM. Passing Oki village... 4.10 anchored at Onitsha, laid out warps to steamer Thomas Bazley to keep ship from swinging into the eddy... At Mission House the Bishop kindly offered his services to go with us. Presented chief with his present... Heard from Mr. Jervis, that the steamer Thomas Bazley had been on shore... For 9 days, but natives were friendly, she also grounded on the same spit that I had been on shore on, but being a powerful steamer, backed off, they also informed me that the river being so low, the charts could not be relied on..,"


LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Complete Set of Forty Numbered Magic Lantern Slides. With the Explanatory Text (16 pages) Titled:] The Life and Work of David Livingstone, Missionary and Explorer.

London: London Missionary Society, ca. 1880. Forty numbered magic lantern slides ca. 8x8 cm (3x3 in). Some of the slides with pigment that has mildly congealed (minor manufacturing flaw) but overall the slides are in very good condition. [With] explanatory text in original publishers' blue printed wrappers. Folded with two creases, some mild edge wear, front cover mildly faded but overall still a very good collection.
This rare complete set of forty numbered magic lantern slides (glass positives) includes images of Livingstone's early life, the routes of Livingstone's travels, his missionary travels, his crossing of Africa, Victoria Falls, the Zambezi Expedition, his last expedition including his meeting with Stanley and finally his death and memorial.


LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Autograph Letter Signed "David Livingstone" Dated at Mr. Stearns', Malabar Hill, Nov. 2nd 1865 and Addressed on the Verso “To H. Chowfussy." “I expect a telegram from James Young... On a subject of considerable importance to me, but as it would appear from your careful investigation that no telegram has come from England for me, the only other source I can imagine must have been from the Governor and as I have written to him to-day he will see that I have not received any - I think that no further search need be made but with hearty thanks I remain sincerely yours..,” [With] A Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph of Livingstone Standing by a Table ca. 1865 (8,5x5,5 cm).

Nov. 2nd 1865. Octavo letter (ca. 18x11,5 cm) in four pages on a bifolium. Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph mounted on period stiff card with pencil caption "Livingstone" under photograph. Brown ink written in a legible hand on laid beige paper. Fold marks and with residue of mounting paste, but overall the letter and the photograph are in very good condition.
In November 1864, Livingstone had decided that he "would try to ‘settle’ the watersheds of central Africa, though he insisted that he remained primarily a missionary. He planned to return to the Rovuma, pass to the north of Lake Nyasa, look for the Nile headwaters, and then make for Ujiji, on Lake Tanganyika; but he still hoped to find a site for a trading mission. The expedition was to be small-scale, without a steamboat, and without other Europeans. The RGS put up £500, as did the British government; and £1000 came from James Young, a friend from Livingstone's student days in Glasgow, who had made a fortune from distilling paraffin"(Oxford DNB); James Young's (1811-1883) £1000 contribution is perhaps what explains the importance of the mentioned telegram to Livingstone. This letter dates from Livingstone's time in Bombay where he organized and recruited for this expedition. "In Bombay, Livingstone recruited several sepoys, and twelve Africans from mission schools.., [and] the governor, Sir Bartle Frere.., gave the party passage in a government ship to Zanzibar [in January 1866]" (Oxford DNB). This was to be Livingstone's last expedition where after a long period without contact to the outside world, Stanley found him at Ujiji in 1871 and greeted him there with the famous salutation, "Dr Livingstone, I presume?" William French Stearns (1835-74) was the son of the distinguished President of Amherst College, Massachusetts. He was engaged in the business of Stearns, Hobart & Co. Of Bombay from 1857 to 1868. Livingstone had met Stearns in 1865 on a steamer to Bombay and had become firm friends. Stearns letters from Livingstone were published by Boston University's African Studies Centre in 1968.


HOLMBERG, Henrik Johan (1818-1864)
Ethnographische Skizzen Ueber die Voelker des Russischen Amerika; [With] Entwickelung der Russisch-Amerikanischen Compagnie [Ethnographic Sketches About the Peoples of Russian America; [With: The Development of Russian-American Company].

Helsingfors [Helsinki]: Friis, 1856-1863. First Edition. Quarto. [281-422]; [iv], [35-101] pp. With a large folding lithographed map of Russian America. Period style handsome brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a black gilt titled label. An uncut, near fine copy.
These two rare articles were published in the Akten der Finnlandischen Societaet de Wissenschaften (a sister organization of the St. Petersburger Academie der Wissenschaften). The first part describes the life, manner and customs of the Aleuts, Kodiaks, Thnaina and Tlinkits and in addition to presenting new material the author draws on the accounts of Grewingk, Vosnezenski, and Veniaminov. The handsome folding map, which was prepared especially for this work, shows Alaska (including the Bering Sea and the Aleutian archipelago), and notes the locations of the various native groups. The second part contains a detailed history of the development of the Russian American Company, of which Holmberg was a member. Sabin 32572.


LA ROCHE, Frank (1853-1936)
[Interesting Collection of Twenty-Four Original Photographs of Alaska].

Ca. 1895. 14 grey thick card leaves. 24 gelatin silver prints from ca. 18x23,5 cm (7 x 9 ½ in) to 11x18,5 cm (4 ½ x 7 1/2 in). All mounted on original thick grey card leaves, most captioned in negative. Overall a very good collection of strong, sharp and interesting images.
This interesting collection of photographs includes twenty-three by La Roche (Seattle) including images of: Juneau: from the water, from steamer, log cabin, Pres. Church; Sitka: Indian Avenue (x2), Indian merchants, driveway, Indian River Rapids, bridge on Indian River Trail; Wrangell: from steamer, evening, Wrangell Narrows; Skagway: from bridge, Broadway; Metlakahtla (BC): group of Indian children, Indian brass band; White Pass Railroad: from the mouth of the tunnel; Lynn Canal (x2); Steamer "Queen" taking on ice; Muir Glacier: Steamer "Queen" in the Ice Takou Inlet: Grenville Channel (BC); WITH one by Winter & Pond: Old Tlingit Indian.
La Roche "made numerous trips to southeastern Alaska and the Yukon Territory photographing among others, scenes during the Klondike gold rush, ca. 1897-1899. These included views of his experiences traveling from Dyea, Alaska over the Chilkoot Pass into British Columbia to reach the gold fields" (University of Washington Libraries).


[BAEGERT, Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California..,]

Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo (17,5x10,5 cm). [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives" (Hill 46); Barrett 129;"According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.


COE, Nathaniel (1788-1868) and Mary (1801-1893)
[Two Autograph Letters Signed from a Noted Oregon Pioneer and His Wife with Interesting Notes on Oregon Indian Wars, Coe’s Fruit Farm, Mary’s Occupation as the Only Doctor or “Doctress” in the Area et al.].

Hood River, Wasco County, Oregon, 29 May 1859. Large Octavo (ca. 26x19,5 cm). 4 pp. Letter from Mary Coe: Hood Place, May 1859, 6 pp., 12mo (ca. 20x13 cm). Both brown ink on white paper. Mild fold marks, minor tear on the lower fold of the first page of Nathaniel’s letter, but overall very good legible letters.
Interesting Autograph Letters Signed from a noted Oregon pioneer Nathaniel Coe and his wife Mary, written from their farm on the bank of the Columbia River on the site of the future town of Hood River (Hood River post office was established at the site of the present city in 1858, and the city itself was incorporated in 1895). Addressed to Nathaniel’s sister Sophia H. Coe in Ohio, the letters contain some interesting notes on the pioneer life in Oregon, and on the relations with native tribes during the Indian Wars in the middle 1850s.
“You, I suppose, wish to know how we are satisfied with Oregon. I can say I think it was best for us to come. Our prospects to competency, as to worldly property, is better here, than it would have been in the country, we left. I also greatly prefer this climate. But we miss very much the friends we left. In our location we have been exposed to real danger for nearly a year during the Indian war. But that is past through the kind protecting care of God, we were not mobsted. We do not apprehend any further danger of that kind. The Indians are friendly and dare not be otherwise. A settlement reside about us. These have most of them been friendly all along. Three or four joined the hostile Indians in their attack on the cascades. But they are not stationary here all the year, but rove about. Their staple article of food is salmon. In a few weeks they will all be gone to the salmon fisheries along the Columbia River. After that they go to the mountains to gather berries. Sometimes they are away at different localities digging roots. And they dig many roots about here. Our oldest son, Lawrence, is located at Dallas City. He is part owner of the steamboat “Col. Wright” running on the Columbia River above the <…?> to Walla Walla.”
Coe proceeds talking about his farm with the abundance of currants, gooseberries, cultivated strawberries, apples, quinces, cherries, plums, apricots and peaches. “We sold last year about 20 Bushels of peaches from 10 to 16 ½ dollars a Bushel. Butter at the Dalles, I think, has never been less than fifty cents a pound, from that up to a Dollar. Eggs about the same. Good cows are worth in this vicinity about sixty or sixty five dollars. Bees are introduced into Oregon and are sold at $125 to 150 a hive…”
A letter from Mary Coe mostly speaks about family matters, but also contains some interesting information about her occupation: “My time is very much occupied. I have the care of my family – usually six or seven, sometimes more, but I am the only female and I am the only Doctor in the neighbourhood or Doctress, if you please. I use Homeopathy which you know can be given without injury to the patient, even if you do not get the right kind at first, the doses are so small. Do you use this kind of medicine? – if not I advise you should…”
“The [Hood River] area was inhabited by Native Americans when the Lewis and Clark expedition passed through on October 29, 1805. Here they found a camp site called "Waucoma," or "place of big trees." The camp was located near what became known as the Dog River and its confluence with the Columbia River. Later, Mrs. Nathaniel (Mary) Coe, a well-known pioneer resident of the valley, objected to the name Dog River and succeeded in changing the name to Hood River. The name Hood River appears on a map as early as 1856. Originally a part of Wasco County, Hood River County gained its political separation on June 23, 1908, and its boundaries have remained unchanged to the present time.
Nathaniel and Mary Coe were the original owners of a 319 acre government land grant bordered on the east by (what is now) Front Street, on the north by the Columbia River, on the west by Thirteenth Street, and on the south by May Street. In 1854 the Nathaniel Coe family filed a land claim on acreage now part of the City of Hood River. They were soon followed by the William Jenkins family and the Benson family. Coe was one of the first to plant fruit trees in the Hood River Valley. Apple orchards flourished in this rich valley from 1890 to 1920, and Hood River became famous for its apples. In 1919 many apple trees were struck by a killing freeze. Farmers replaced the apple trees with pear trees, and now Hood River county leads the world in Anjou Pear production” (History of Hood River/ The City of Hood River online).


BEHRMAN, Martin (1862-1945)
[Eleven Part Gelatin Silver Panorama of San Francisco by Martin Behrman Taken from the Original 1851 Daguerreotype Plates].

Ca. 1900. Eleven gelatin silver panels mounted on six linen attached card mounts for a total panorama of ca. 17,5x208 cm (7x82 in). The condition of the other known examples of Behrman’s panorama are all similar in contrast and fading because the original daguerreotypes had already faded with time and this was thus transferred to the gelatin silver copies. Very handsome period style red gilt tooled half sheep portfolio with red cloth boards and red gilt title label. Overall a very good panorama.
The original panorama was taken in 1851 using daguerreotypes made by Sterling C. McIntyre. This present panorama is thought to be the earliest of San Francisco and one of the earliest known images of the city.
San Francisco photographer Martin Behrman preserved a number of early California photographs, some of which, like the present example, nowexist only in his copies. Behrman has labelled many points of interest including: Folsom Street, Sutter House, Vulcan Foundry, Portable Houses, Market Street, Lone Mountain, Rincon Hill and other landmarks. Perhaps the most striking feature is the hundreds of abandoned ships in the bay.
"It is believed that the panorama initially had eleven plates, but the original daguerreotypes no longer exist. This image is a copy photograph submitted to the Library in 1910 for copyright protection"(Library of Congress).
"11-panel panorama photograph, silver gelatin prints, joined to approximately 5 1/2 x 76 1/2 inches, by Martin Behrman, 1910, being a photograph of an 1851 daguerreotype panorama of San Francisco from Rincon Hill, framed, vertical fold creases near or at overlaps, uneven fading between some panels, not examined out of frame.
San Francisco photographer Martin Behrman preserved a number of early California photographs, some of which, like the present example, exist only in his copies. Behrman has labeled many points of interest, streets, and landmarks in the negative like the water lots, deserted ships, Sutter House, etc. This example is rare in that it includes all 11 of the original images (the Library of Congress example includes only 5). Surely one of the earliest photographic panoramas of the city" (Bonhams).


MOWRY, Sylvester (1830-1871)
[Historically Significant Autograph Letter Signed “Sylvester Mowry” to his Father with the Details of the Survey Expedition for the Northern Route of the Pacific Railroad across the Cascade Mountains in July-November 1853].

Fort Vancouver, W[ashigton] T[erritory], 29 November 1853. Quarto (ca. 25,5x19,5 cm). 8 pp. On two bifoliums, brown ink on bluish laid paper watermarked “Moinier’s 1851”. Fold marks, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good letter.
Extensive historically significant autograph letter written by Lieut. Sylvester Mowry, a member of the Northern Pacific Survey expedition up the valley of the Columbia River and its tributaries across the Cascade Mountains. As Mowry noted in the letter, the purpose of the expedition was “to establish the fact of a perfect practicable pass for a railroad both through the Rockies and Cascade Mountains by the Northern Route. In addition we have fully developed the geographical character of the country <…>, besides its geology, natural history, climate and ethnography.”
The letter gives a thorough account of the expedition from its departure from Fort Vancouver on the 27th of July 1853 and until its return four months later on the 18th of November, talking about crossing the Cascade mountains at the 46th latitude, survey of the basin of the Yakima River where they found a French Catholic mission, Mowry’s trip to Fort Dalles, trip to Fort Okanogan (Washington St.) and up the Okanagan River to British territory and further to the Great Okanagan Lake where “we drank the health of the Queen of England in a bottle of old whiskey in her own territory, New Caledonia;” meeting in Fort Colville with Governor Isaac Stevens, the head of the Northern Pacific Survey; and returning down the Columbia River via Fort Walla Walla and Fort Dalles. Mowry mentions other expedition members, e.g. Lieut. Duncan (3rd Artillery, astronomer, topographer and draughtsman), and Lieut. Hodges (4th Artillery, quartermaster and commissary), describes the newly surveyed territory (mentioning volcanic activity and discovery of gold in the Cascade Mountains) and shares his opinion on the perspectives for the railway construction or other use of the land. Overall a very interesting informative important letter.
Some excerpts from the letter:
“We were absent from here [Fort Vancouver] just four months and in that time we travelled on horseback and mule back between 1200 and 2000 miles. <…> We left Vancouver July 18th and after much difficulty <…> got into the woods and away from all settlements about July 27th. We kept for about two weeks on this, the west side of the Cascade mountains passing over a succession of small but fine fertile prairies, most of them covered with a heavy growth of fern. Between these prairies we found a heavy growth of pine and fir timber with dense underbush[?] of cotton wood, berry bushes &c. We cut our trail or we proceeded slow[?] making only six or eight miles a day. Our party was very large – about 200 animals, 80 men, many instruments and much personal baggage, including books. We crossed the Cascade Mountains in Latitude about 46° at a point about 2500 feet above the level of the sea. We found on the mountains late in August the most delicious strawberries, ice and hail storms.
We passed down to the valleys of the branches of the Yakima River - one of the main western branches of the Columbia River. Here we found on a small stream a Catholic mission with two French priests. The expedition went into camp, Lieut. Hodges went into Steilacoom on Puget Sound for provisions, Lieut. Duncan went on an exploring expedition up toward the sources of the Yakima River and I remained on duty in camp on command of the expedition until Sept. 1st. Lieut. Hodges had such bad fortune, that his animals on arriving at Steilacoom were exhausted or broken down, so that he could not bring out sufficient provisions for the whole party. For this reason the count of about 20 men, several of the packers, about 50 animals and all the space baggage was sent[?] into Fort Dalles on the Columbia River under my command. I marched 200 miles with the broked down animals <…?> and returned in nine days – the quickest <…?> made in the trip.
We were in camp on the main Yakima River and its branches one month during which we explored all the country within 100 miles in every direction, discovering two passes, one south and one north of Mount Rainier. From this point we struck over to the Columbia River and followed it up to Fort Okanogan – a station of the Hudson’s Bay Co. From there we went back lightly and explored a pass up the valley of the Barnes River, but did not found it practical except for a pack trail.
Going back to Okanogan we followed up the Okanagan River to British territory. The party camped on the boundary about 49° north latitude. The officers and gentlemen of the expedition chartered some Indian horses, price all day a shirt or <…?> of cotton cloth. I had the race horse of the tribe and we rode a perfect stipple chase over the <…?> country ever seen. We went up to the Great Okanagan Lake, no. Latitude 49°15’. This lake is almost 100 miles[?] long by six or seven wide. We drank the health of the Queen of England in a bottle of old whiskey in her own territory, New Caledonia.
Following down the Okanagan River to the Colville Trail, we struck over to Fort Colville on the Columbia River, no. Latitude 48°46’ where we arrived Oct. 9th meeting Gov. [Isaac] Stevens who came in ahead of his party accompanied by Stanley the artist and Osgood. <…>
We left Colville Oct. 22d. On a horseback near the Spokane River and waited for Lieut. Duncan who was in command of the main party of Gov. Stevens which had come over the Rocky Mountains. I should have said that the expedition crossed the Columbia at Fort Colville and that we returned on the east side. Up to Oct. 19th we were on the west side of the Columbia River.
A delay of a few days brought the Stevens party and we continued on down the Columbia. We struck the banks of the Columbia at Fort Wallah-Wallah, also a Hudson’s Bay Co. Station. From there we came down to Fort Dalles where we took boats and came down the Columbia to Fort Vancouver where we are now. Our course up to the line 49° was generally north, with variations to the east and west, nearly south on our return at <…> Wallah Wallah when we turned toward to the west.
The country west of the mountains is passable – the prairies are very fertile, water and timber good and plenty. After crossing the mountains the soil became gradually sandy and apparently useless[?], producing nothing but large bushes with occasional <…?> grass. Along the streams we found timber, but neither large nor in great quantities.
In the vicinity of the mountains much volcanic actions was visible. Fields of lava & volcanic ashes into which a horse or mules would sink to the fetlock. <…>. The Cascade Mountains seen clear to the Columbia and the whole territory is in my humble opinion worthless. We found gold in small quantities everywhere in the streams showing that large deposits exist in some place and will eventually attract attention. As a mining state its resources will be developed, but not otherwise, at least while so much better area to remain unoccupied.
The rivers are not navigable for anything larger that a canoe. They are rapid beautiful torrents – nothing more. The Okanagan River a few miles above its mouth is a succession of lakes connected by large marshes filled with high reeds. High up in the valley the lakes occupy its entire width, the trail remains along the sides of the mountains. We lost in the Columbia River in crossing over a dangerous place about one foot wide two of our best mules which fell over the precipice some hundred of feet. <…> A small valley east of the Columbia about 30 miles long is well settled by French Canadians and half breeds, discharged employees of the Hudson's Bay Co. <…> Gov. Stevens has fixed the office of the Expedition at Olympia on Puget Sound, the probable capital of the territory.
I bore special orders to establish my office here at Fort Vancouver to make a profile of our route from the barometrical observations, maps of the same <...> First I am to make a series of observations at Astoria to ascertain the level of the sea as a basis of my profile work. All this will take me several months, probably three at least. Gov. Stevens has <..?> the whole <..?> library at my disposal and I intend my report to be the fullest one made in an expedition like our.”
“Sylvester Mowry was an American best known as a pioneer and the founder of Mowry, Arizona. He also served as an officer in the United States Army and was arrested as a traitor during the American Civil War” (Wikipedia).
“The Pacific Railroad Surveys (1853-1855) consisted of a series of explorations of the American West to find possible routes for a transcontinental railroad across North America. The expeditions included surveyors, scientists, and artists and resulted in an immense body of data covering at least 400,000 square miles (1,000,000 km2) on the American West. "These volumes... Constitute probably the most important single contemporary source of knowledge on Western geography and history and their value is greatly enhanced by the inclusion of many beautiful plates in color of scenery, native inhabitants, fauna and flora of the Western country." Published by the United States War Department from 1855 to 1860, the surveys contained significant material on natural history, including many illustrations of reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals. In addition to describing the route, these surveys also reported on the geology, zoology, botany, paleontology of the land as well as provided ethnographic descriptions of the Native peoples encountered during the surveys” (Wikipedia).


MERCATOR, Michael (c. 1567-1600)
[Map of the Americas Titled:] America sive India Nova.

Duisburg, ca. 1607. Second Latin Edition. An attractive copper engraved map ca. 36,5x45,5 cm (14 ½ x 18 ½ in). Map age-toned, slightly more around centerfold, but overall a very good strong impression with wide margins.
"After the death of the great Gerard Mercator in 1594 it was left to his son Rumold to publish the last of three parts that formed his famous atlas, the Atlantis Pars Altera. The atlas was finished with a number of maps engraved by various descendants of Gerard. The task of the American map was given to his grandson Michael. The only printed map known to be by him, it is beautifully engraved. It is not well known that he was the engraver of the famous Drake silver medal of 1589. At that time he was resident in London.
It is a hemispherical map contained within an attractive floral design, and surrounded by four roundels, one of which contains the title. The other three contain maps of the gulf of Mexico, Cuba and Hispaniola, all spheres of Spanish influence. The general outline is largely taken from Rumold Mercator's world map of 1587, with a little more detail added. A few of the most famous theories are still present: a large inland lake in Canada, two of the four islands of the North Pole, a bulge to the west coast of South America and the large southern continent. It does not show any knowledge of the English in Virginia, which is possibly a reflection of their failure by then. A large St. Lawrence river is shown originating half way across the continent" (Burden 87); Canada 644; Koeman I, 9000:1A; Tooley K-P p. 238-40; Wagner 179.


[Archive of Fourteen Documents from the Arctic Whale Ship Helen Mar which Include Business Papers that Document the Ship's Commercial Activities and one Letter Giving Details of the 1868 San Francisco Earthquake].

1866-1883. Fourteen items. Two letters with four and three pages respectively and ca. 400 words each. One letter ca. 19,5x13,5 cm (7 ¾ x 5 in.), the other ca. 24,5x19,5 cm (9 ½ x 7 ½ in.). Also billheads, sight drafts, repair and provisioning bills, telegrams regarding shipments of oil and bone, lists of sails, accounts of bone sold from ca. 10x20 cm (4 x 7 ¾ in.) to ca. 27x21,5 cm (10 ¾ x 8 ½ in.) With original folds, but overall the collection is in very good condition.
This archive contains documents relating to the commercial activities of the “Helen Mar” whale ship (which sank in 1892 after being crushed between two icebergs in the Arctic) and includes two interesting letters. The first letter, dated October 23, 1868, relates in some detail the so called (until 1906) “Great San Francisco Earthquake” which had taken place just two days earlier as well as one anecdote from the 1865 earthquake. It is addressed to Swift & Allen, agents for the “Helen Mar,” and written by Abraham Pierce.
P. 1-3 “Earthquake shock in the night but not very heavy. Enough however to wake up people and cause many in brick buildings to run out. If they continue the hotels will be deserted + all high brick buildings. The Custom House is so badly shattered (although several tons of iron were used in tying it up after the shock of 65) that it is abandoned… Captain Herendeen stays on board the ship most of the time. “Shocks” are not to his liking. It makes no difference in his case, but with some it would be well if something would keep them on board, even if it was a few shakes… Ludicrous scenes occurred at hotels and boarding houses many people still in bed, men and women rushing out of their rooms in dishabille and into the streets without presence of mind sufficient to catch a blanket or anything to throw around them. When I was here in 65 one woman rushed out of the bathtub into the street without thinking of her costume or recollecting herself; she rushed into a neighbours’ who supplied her with some covering.”

The second letter, written from Hilo by Captain William H. Koon in April 1872, also to Swift & Allen, relates events that occurred when the ship was fishing off the South American Coast (after returning from a season in the Arctic). This letter is interesting because it shows the ship carrying passengers, delivering freight, and trying to sell off their provisions – all of which seem to be unusual activities for a whale ship.
P. 1 “Oct 9th rose the first whales and Mr O’Donnell’s boatsteerer missed a splendid chance. I afterward struck the whale and the line parted without a strain on it. The 26th October touched at St Nicholas for that boatsteerer… The next day went ashore and to guard against desertion I took two officers and two boatsteerers ashore, landed the passengers and that man had left the same morning for St. Nic. One of the boatsteerers Antonio Barozio deserted and I could not get him. I took 5 boys and left…
p. 2 “Sighted Juan Fernandez then to the Galapagos then down the line…arrived here with 245 bbls of Sperm. Have landed my casks and the other stuff and will sell the tobacco…That molasses is a stickler. I never will be able to sell it, I have sold three bbls of Pork @ 18$ and 1 bbl of beef @ 16$ and gave my men two days liberty each week and I had ought to be out of here in 10 days instead of 15 days. I hope Mr. Tripp will wake up before the season is up.”
p. 3 “Mr O’Donnell and the fourth mate are good men but the other two is about ten years behind the line. I will write again from Honolulu and send the debenture of tobacco. PS If my wife wants money let her have twenty dollars a month.”

List of Documents:
Two Letters; Two Pictorial Billheads; Three Telegraphs; Two Sight Drafts (Bills of Exchange); Two Lists of Sails; Two Accounts Sales and Expenses; Hospital Fund Bill


16. [ARCTIC]
HORSLEY, Samuel (1733-1806) & PHIPPS, Constantine John (1744-1792)
Remarks on the Observations Made in the Late Voyage Towards the North Pole, for Determining the Acceleration of the Pendulum, In Latitude 79'50' in a Letter to the Hon. Constantine John Phipps; [Bound Following] A Voyage Towards the North Pole Undertaken by His Majesty's Command 1773.

London: B. White, W. Bowyer and J. Nichols et al., 1774. First Editions. Quarto (30x24 cm). Viii, 253, [3]; 15, [1] pp. With three folding engraved maps, twelve folding engraved views and diagrams and eleven letterpress folding tables. Handsome brown period elaborately gilt tooled full calf. Rebacked in style with a red gilt title label. Overall a near fine clean and large copy.
Horsley's "pamphlet ought to be annexed to every copy of Captain Phipps's book, and bound up with it.., it is very rare"(Sabin 33056); "Horsley was elected to the Royal Society in 1767 and his earliest publications dealt with astronomy and geometry, as here in this discussion of the navigational mathematics of Phipps's voyage to the North Pole. Horsley was very controversial in his later years, entering a bitter dispute with Sir Joseph Banks at the Royal Society, necessitating Horsley's resignation. Horsley also published an edition of Newton's works" (Christies); Captain Phipps' "expedition of the Racehorse and Carcass, undertaken for the purpose of discovering a route to India through the northern polar regions, was blocked by pack ice north of Spitsbergen. The valuable appendix gives geographical and meteorological observation, zoological and botanical records, accounts of the distillation of fresh water from the sea and astronomical observations. The voyage is perhaps best remembered for the presence of young Horatio Nelson, as midshipman aboard the Carcass, and his encounter with a polar bear" (Hill 1351); "The scientific results of the expedition included zoological and botanical observations and collections, and a meteorological journal. The expedition's farthest north exceeded the record established by Chichagov and was not surpassed until Scoresby" (Holland p.137); Sabin 62572.


GARDNER, Edward (1784-1861) [Resident in Kathmandu 1816-29]
[Autograph Letter Signed to a Superior (Most likely Governor-General of Bengal, Francis, Earl of Moira (later 1st Marquis of Hastings) Reporting the Latest Intelligence Including Troop Strengths and Movements of the Gurkhas (Nepali Troops) in the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814-16)].

Hawalbagh, 18th Dec. 1815. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 6 pp. Brown ink on beige wove paper Original fold marks, otherwise in very good condition.
An historically important letter written by Gardner from Hawalbagh during the ratification period of the Treaty of Segauli. The letter starts with information about Nepali troop strength in Kumaon which "does not appear to be above four or five hundred men at present" Other Nepalese troops "are said to have gone to the East towards Nepal." Generally of the Nepalese troops "there does not seem to be any of that bustle among them that one would expect on the eve of an invasion notwithstanding the warlike preparations on our side - it certainly has not the appearance of war on the part of the Gurkhas." Also mentioned is a letter Gardner received from Colonel Gardiner from the Gurakhpur frontier where Gardiner says "nobody knows anything about the Gurkhas in that quarter. That they are neither seen nor heard of or appear from what he can learn, to be making any preparations for defence, however in not seeing them he says is no proof that they are unprepared for us."
Gardner "played a crucial role in bringing Nepal into treaty relations with the British in India" (Watson, Lost Botanist of Nepal). For his services Gardner was rewarded by being made Resident (Honoray Consul) to the court of the Rajah in Kathmandu in 1816, where he remained as Resident for the next 14 years; "With his deep understanding and strong liking of the people of Nepal, he was the perfect person for the job and against the odds he largely succeeded"(Watson). Gardner was also a passionate plant collector but his "prolific collections and his pioneering contribution to Himalayan botany are largely unknown to modern botanists" (Watson).


MACKAY, Donald
[Journal of an Early American China Trade Voyage by the Ship Henry Astor from New York to China in 1823].

At Sea, 1823. Small Folio (32x20,5 cm). About 70 unpaginated pages of brown ink manuscript entries on beige wove paper pre-printed log book forms titled: "The Improved Seaman's Journal.., New York, Richard Patten, 1820. With the keeper's ownership inscription: "Donald's Mackay's" on the title page. Written in a very legible hand and bound in the original marbled paper wrappers. Spine split but overall the journal is in very good, very original condition.
An interesting and well executed log of an early American China Trade voyage. Mackay, who writes more like a gentleman than a sailor, was probably the supercargo. The Henry Astor, under Captain Edward Rosseter, leaves New York from the East River and sails eastbound for China, via the Cape of Good Hope, on the 6th April 1823. After three weeks at sea from New York, they put into Gibraltar on April 29th, possibly to take on Turkish opium, and saw “Old Iron Side… at Anch in bay.” They remained in port for almost three weeks, then departed for Canton on May 25th. On May 30th they were chased and fired on by an English ship; on July 6th they saw a giant squid which they "judged to be from 80 to 90 feet in length.” On the 31st of July they sight the islands of St. Paul and Amsterdam. On August 10th, Mackay muses, “What are all my old friends in N York about to day? I wish a party of them could spend the day with us, on board this ship.” On August 18th, the ship is "near the position of Christmas Island," which is sighted about nine miles away at noon. Three days later on the 21st, Java is sighted and the ship anchors off Princes Island and waits there a week to go through the Sunda Strait. On September 7th he notes, “My Birth day ushered in with much vexation unnecessarily caused.” On September 14th Mackay notes: ""While in the Lantao Passage [we] dispatched Mr. Conklin to Macao for a river pilot." Then finally on September 18th the “Henry Astor” anchored at Wampoa (Canton), alongside ships from New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Boston. Additionally Mackay mentions the fact that he owns a thermometer for measuring ocean temperatures (it breaks) and his interest in navigation is evident when he makes several references to Horsburg and “the authority of Horsburg” regarding questions of navigation.
"Horsburg" is James Horsburgh (1762-1836) the Scottish hydrographer who worked for the British East India Company and surveyed and mapped the seaways around Singapore in around 1800.The “Henry Astor” was built in 1820 by Henry Eckford of New York. She engaged in the China trade until 1831 and was involved in the sea otter trade between the Pacific Northwest and Canton. After 1831 she began life as a whale ship, and then that phase of her career ended with the California Gold Rush in 1849 when she sailed with a company of miners from Nantucket to San Francisco.


[Letter and Account Book of G.P. Ricketts Esq., Collector for the East India Company Including an Historically Important Eyewitness (Possibly Previously Unknown) Account of the Massacre of British Troops at Senkadagala in the First Kandyan War in 1803].

Bihar, India, 1803-1815. Folio (33x21 cm). 207 pp. Brown ink on laid paper written in a generally legible hand. Period brown blind stamped reverse full calf. Rebacked in style with raised bands, extremities mildly worn but overall in very good condition.
Ricketts was a collector for the East India Company in the state of Bihar in northern India. The series of letters begins in 1803, with Ricketts’ application to the Governor General to be relieved of his duties as Collector and be made a Judge instead. This application is refused. He then pleads poor health and asks for a vacation in Colombo, which is granted in 1803.
It is during his time in Colombo that on 11th of July 1803, he witnesses and includes a seven page deposition by "Mahomed Gane a free Malay and late a servant to Ensign Robert Barry of the Malay Corps in Ceylon," Who gives an eyewitness account of the hostilities at Kandy and the massacre of British Troops at Senkadagala in the First Kandyan War in 1803. Gane starts his deposition by describing the initial storming of the English held palace in Kandy by the Kandyan forces under the command of the Malayan Prince "Sanguylo:" At "2 o'clock on the morning of Friday, the 24th of June the Candians began to fire upon the palace were the British troops were quartered, about 5 o'clock the Malay's on the service of the King of Candia headed by Sanguylo their chief attempted to force the palace, Sanguylo entered and was seized by Lieut. Blackiney of the 19th Regt. and struggling with him they both fell on the ground when Sanguylo with his [weapon] stabbed Lieut. Blackiney near the eye of which he died instantly, and while Sanguylo was still on the ground Lieut. & adjutant Pendestuth [stabbed his] bayonet thro' his body and a soldier gave him also a stab, of which Sanguylo died on the spot. That the second in command of the Candian Malays who followed Sanguylo in the attack was shot without the door of the palace - These deaths frightened the Candian Malays and they retreated." Gane goes on to describe in detail the events of how the English garrison at Candy eventually surrendered "a white flag was hoisted on which the firing ceased on both sides" and how a safe conduct was negotiated but how the English officers and soldiers were instead massacred and Gane reports on the murder of the English officers that he "saw the mangled bodies of some of them," and of the soldiers who "at the same time the officers were murdered, the Candians fell upon them & killed them also, & some of the Bengal Luscars & Pioneers were also killed along with them." Another detailed account of these events can be found in James Cordiner's (1775-1836), a Description of Ceylon, London 1807.
The rest of the letterbook includes 200 pages of correspondence from Ricketts to several dozen individuals including Governors-General of India Marquis Wellesley, Lord Minto and other important East India Company officials between 1803 and 1815. The topics covered are interesting accounts of trade with neighbouring states including Nepal and others regard the finances and business affairs of the Company. Overall an extensive historically interesting collection of official East India Company correspondence which gives valuable insight into the company affairs during this time. The book concludes with a short index at the end arranged by date and account name.


20. [ASIA - JAPAN]
[Large Folding Map of Japan Titled:] Dai Nihon Koku Zenzu [Complete Map of Japan].

Tokyo: Bureau of Geography, Meiji 16 [1883]. Outline hand coloured copper engraved large folding map ca. 161x150 cm (61 ½ x 59 ½ in). Original beige linen covered boards with original printed paper labels. A couple of minor repaired tears and a couple of minor small stains but overall a very good map.
This large and very detailed map of the Japanese Empire has five inset plans & maps, which include Tokyo, Kyoto, Hakaido, Bonin Islands and the Amami Islands. This is an historically interesting map from the early Meiji era (1868-1912), which was an era in "which Japanese society moved from being an isolated feudal society to its modern form. Fundamental changes affected its social structure, internal politics, economy, military, and foreign relations. The period corresponded with the reign of Emperor Meiji after 1868, and lasted until his death in 1912." (Wikipedia).


21. [ASIA - JAPAN]
RIKORD, Petr Ivanovich (1776-1855) [& GOLOVNIN, Vasily Mikhailovich] (1776-1831)
Zapiski Flota Kapitana Rikorda o Plavanii Ego k Yaponskim Beregam v 1812 i 1813 Godakh i o Snosheniyakh s Yapontsami [Notes of Fleet Captain Rikord About his Sailing to Japan's Shores in 1812 and 1813, and His Relations with the Japanese].

Saint Petersburg: Naval Typ., 1816. First Edition. Quarto. [x], 138 pp. Four folding copper engraved maps and plans after P. Rikord, and an aquatint portrait of Takadaya-Kahei. Bound without the half title as is common. Period brown half calf with marbled boards and gilt lettered title on the spine. Corners renewed, first few leaves with some very minor chipping to blank margin of bottom corner, but overall a very good copy.
Very Rare first edition of this primary source of the early history of the Russian-Japanese relations closely connected with the first Russian circumnavigation (1803-1806) under the command of Ivan Krusenstern and the Russian-American Company under Nikolay Rezanov (1764-1807). "In 1807 Golovnin was commissioned by the Russian government to survey the coasts of Kamchatka, the Russian American colonies and the Kuril Islands" (Howgego 1800-1850, G15).
The book describes the rescue operation organised by Captain Peter Rikord on the Imperial Russian sloop "Diana" as a result of the famous diplomatic Golovnin incident (1811-1813), which brought Russia and Japan to the brink of war.
The conflict started in 1804 during Krusenstern’s circumnavigation; one of its goals as we know, was to bring the first Russian embassy headed by N. Rezanov to Japan. As the embassy was unsuccessful and relations between Russia and Japan weren’t established, and also Russian ships were strictly prohibited from approaching Japanese shores, Rezanov wanted revenge. Following his instructions, two ships "Yunona" and "Avos" belonging to the Russian-American Company and under the command of young navy officers Nikolas Khvostov and Gavriil Davydov in 1806-1807 sailed to the Japanese territories of Southern Sakhalin, Kuril Islands and Hokkaido, and robbed and burned the settlements there, and captured several Japanese. Although both Kvostov and Davydov were arrested as soon as they arrived to Okhotsk and sent to Saint Petersburg to be tried, the attitude of the Japanese to Russians significantly deteriorated; they considered Russia to be preparing for a war against Japan.
In 1808-1811 the Russian sloop "Diana" under command of Vasily Golovnin and Peter Rikord, as the second-in-command, was sent as a second official Russian circumnavigation with the purpose of exploration and surveying of the Russian Far East, Kamchatka and Alaska. Upon return from Russian America in 1810, Golovnin started to chart the Kuril Islands. During his short stop at the island of Kunashir, Golovnin, his two officers and four sailors were taken prisoners, transported to the island of Hokkaido and there were kept in prison near the town of Matsumae for over two years.
The peaceful solution of the conflict became possible only as a result of the friendly relationship between Peter Rikord, who organized and led three expeditions to rescue his commander Golovnin, and the prominent Japanese businessman and public figure Takadaya Kahei (1769-1827), who was captured by Rikord with his ship Kanze-maru, and stayed in Russia for several months. Takadaya Kahei learned Russian, and upon returning home he convinced the Japanese government that the Russians could be trusted. The Russian sailors were then released from Japanese captivity (no one in history has ever returned from the Japanese captivity before).
This work describes the story of Golovnin’s capture and the rescue in a very captivating manner. The plates depict the views of the harbours and ports of Edermo (modern Erimo) and Hakodate, plans of the special facilities built for the negotiations, and a portrait of Takadaya Kahei. Rikord’s book supplements the book by Golovnin, titled “Captivity in Japan During the Years 1811, 1812, 1813” (SPb., 1816).


[Collection of Thirteen Business Documents and Over Twenty Pages of Correspondence, Prospectus, Plans and Maps (Including an Official Large Manuscript map that Shows the Jesselton Survey District) Regarding the British North Borneo Company in the Jesselton District (Present-Day Sebah, Malaysia) and the Incorporation of Bangawan Rubber Ltd].

Ca. 1909-10. One large manuscript wax paper map ca. 107x55 cm (42 x 21 ½ in) and two duplicate maps ca. 21,5x34 cm (8 ½ x 13 ½ in). Thirteen typed and handwritten official and draft agreements each ca. 33x20,5 cm (13x8 in) the majority2-4 pages each, some with period handwritten ink or pencil completions and many with official seals and signatures. Over twenty typed correspondence items, prospectus, maps and planning documents ca. 26x20 cm (10x8 in) to ca. 34x21,5 cm (13 ½ x 8 ½ in). All documents dated and in very good condition, most with original folds.
A historically interesting collection of business documents relating to the British North Borneo Company’s resource extraction and economic activities between 1909 and 1910. One map depicts the property of the British North Borneo Company, including the completed and projected railway which was used to transport goods to the Jesselton harbor, present-day Kota Kinabalu. The map shows the rubber estates (Bangawan, Membakut, North Borneo State Ltd. Beaufort Borneo Co. Ltd.) and the location of coal, gold and oil. The map covers the Alcock, Keppel Dewhurst, Myburgh, Martin, Dent, Cunliffe, and Elphinstone Provinces (present-day state of Sabah and Labuan Territory) and the border with Brunei. On the verso are typed details about the company’s capital, documenting its growth from 1900 to 1908. The rest of the collection relates to the establishment of Bangawan Rubber Limited to which the government leased land for rubber production. Included is a large manuscript map that shows the Jesselton Survey District, depicting various towns and stations along the railway line and including the Kimanis, Bangawan and Membakut Estates. The map accompanies a Concession of Land from The British North Borneo Company to Bangawan Rubber Ltd. on November 15th 1909. The Jesselton District became a major trading post in North Borneo.
List of Documents:
Index to Block Sheets, Jesseton Survey District ; Borneo Planters Ltd. And Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Agreement ; Borneo Planters Ltd. And Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Assignment ; British North Borneo Company Ltd. And Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Draft Concession and Draft Indenture ; Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Agreement ; Rough Estimate of Preliminary Expenses ; Assignment of Directors ; Borneo Planters Ltd. And G.A. Kerr Esq. Agreement as to Rights of A. Shares ; Borneo Planters Ltd. And Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Draft Agreement and Agreement ; British North Borneo Company Ltd. And The Borneo Planters Ltd. Agreement for Concession ; The British North Borneo Company and Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Draft Concession and Concession ; Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Prospectus ; British North Borneo : Area of the Company’s Chartered Property (Map) ; The British North Borneo Company ; 1910 British North Borneo Company Ltd. And Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Agreement


[WRIGHT, H.L.] (1887 – ca. 1962)
[Two Albums with over 170 Original Photographs of Northern Pakistan Showing Abbottabad, Malakand, Nowshera, Gilgit, and other cities, Hill Stations and Camps around Abbottabad and Gilgit, Kaghan Valley, Mounts Nanga Parbat, Musa ka Masala and Rakaposhi, Babusar Pass; Indus, Kabul, Gilgit, and Naltar Rivers, Resin Trapping Process in Batrasi, Malakand Cattle Show, Frontier Constables Playing Volleyball in Naran and Much More].

Ca. 1934-1938. Two albums, ca. 28,5x36,5 cm (11 x 14 ½ in). 24 and 25 stiff card leaves with tissue guards. Combined total of 171 gelatin silver prints (84 photos in first album, 87 photos in second album), ranging from ca. 7,5x9,5 cm (2 ¾ x 3 ¾ in) to ca. 16x21 cm (6 ½ x 8 ¼ in). Most images with period handwritten ink captions on the mounts. Black and brown faux leather albums fastened with strings, with paper labels on the spines, with ink written titles “Abbotabad, 1934-38” and “Gilgit, 1938”. Some photos removed from the albums and others detaching from mounts, several leaves of tissue paper with minor tears, but overall a very good collection.
A collection of interesting photographs taken by British forestry officer H.L. Wright documenting his travels and work in the North-West Frontier Province of British India (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan).
The first album starts with the views of the mountainous area around Abbottabad, including Thandiani hill station and forest rest house, Panther Hill, forest rest houses in Sathu, Phulcote, Dadar, Jabba and Kamalbran (?); TB sanatorium in Dadar; “monsoon sunset” and hills in Changla Gali; Hawa Gali village, Kaghan Valley, Mount Musa ka Masala. Interesting series of eight images shows resin trapping process in Batrasi (freshening, bringing in the day’s collection, weighing, filling and labelling the drums), there is also a portrait of Wright and his Pakistani associates “on the march. [in] Malkandi”, and a photo of his camp in the hills. Seven photos depict a cattle show in Malakand, showing “the Swat state band” performing music, British and Pakistani visitors, the procedure of Judging, “the jumping cow”, acrobat performance, and others. Several views of Nowshera include those of “the Grand Trunk Road near Nowshera” with a herd of sheep; a bank of the Kabul River; and “the bridge of boats across the Kabul River at Nowshera”. Other interesting photos show “the Lower Swat Canal, Shisham Avenue” (North Indian Rosewood); “loading shisham logs at Mardan” (to a railway car); two portraits of Pathan (Pashtun) sawyers; Attock Bridge (4), and town Hall of Abbottabad.
The second album shows Gilgit and the surrounding mountain ranges of the Karakoram and western Himalayas, and starts with a series of photos from Wright’s trip up the Kaghan Valley via Kiwai, Bhimbal village, Narang (Naran), Lalusar Peaks and Lake, Gittidas and Babusar Pass to Chilas. Interesting views show the expedition camp in Naran, “the frontier Constabulary at play in Narang” (volleyball), group portrait of the constables, a view of the “Last post on the N[orth].W[est].F[rontier].P[rovince]. Side” at Gittidas (12.500 feet), with sentry at the entrance; beautiful views of the Babusar Pass and “the head of the Kagan Valley”; “Babusar, the summer residence of the A[ssistant].P[olitical].A[gent]. Chilas”; Thak village on the way to Chilas; the Indus Valley, the confluence of the Gilgit and the Indus River, and others.
Over fifteen images of Gilgit show city bazaar (traders, barbers); Gilgit River and suspension bridge, fort (general views and the scout’s quarters), ceremony of Presentation of Coronation medals in Gilgit (apparently, on the first anniversary of George VI’s coronation on 12 may 1937), polo grounds, a group portrait of the British Political Agent and local notables, “the Blug Expedition” (two group portraits of British mountaineers), and others. There are also over a dozen photographs of the Naltar Valley (summer residence of P.A. In Gilgit, headwaters of the Naltar River, Naltar Lake, mixed forest in the Naltar Valley, sawyers and villagers, Rakaposhi mountain from Naltar, and others), over fifteen views of the Kargah valley located 10 km off Gilgit (Wright’s camp and portraits of the scouts at Majni, the top of the Kargah Valley), views of the mountain villages of Daskin and Astor, the Burzil Pass; “Yaks on the Tragbal Pass”; the Gurais Valley, and others. The album also includes two views of Mount Nanga Parbat, with one image being removed (a caption on the mount for the missing image in “Nanga Parbat from near Bunji with Eric Shipton looking back”).
H.L. Wright was an officer of the Indian Forest Department who served in Mandi, and then in Kashmir where he was employed by Maharaja as Chief Conservator and editor of the Forestry Journal. A friend of a prominent Himalayan mountaineer Eric Shipton (1907-1977), he took the photo of Shipton on horse which appeared in the “Blank on the Map” (London, 1938, 1st ed.). Wright authored a book “Report on the forest settlement of the Mandi State forests” (Lahore, 1917) and several articles in the “Empire Forestry Journal”, including “Forestry beyond the Frontier” (London, Vol. 20, # 1 (July 1941), pp. 11-15). Overall a very interesting content rich collection of views and scenes on the North-West Frontier of British India.


[Collection of over Twenty Business Documents and over Fifty Letters Regarding the Seletar Rubber Estates Ltd. Company's Activities from its Establishment in 1910 to its Liquidation in 1923].

Ca. 1909-1923. Over twenty printed and typescript official agreements ca. 33x21 cm (13 x 8 ½ in), the majority 4-8 pages each, some with period handwritten ink or pencil completions. Over fifty typed or handwritten letters ca. 20x12,5 cm (7 ¾ x 5 in) to ca. 33x21 cm (13 x 8 ½ in). All documents dated and in very good condition, most with original folds.
A historically interesting collection of business documents and letters relating to the Seletar Rubber Estates Limited in Singapore including: banking documents, lease agreements, trust deeds, guarantee agreements and sales agreements. Also included is information related to company shares, such as a list of shareholders and correspondence with shareholders. Over ten handwritten and typed letters from shareholders communicate their discontent with the liquidation of the company. Seletar, in the North-East Region of Singapore, was a rubber plantation estate which became the site of Singapore’s Royal Air Force base (the first RAF base east of India) after 1923.
List of Documents: List and Summary of Interest in Shares; Schedule of File Deeds deposited for safe custody with the mercantile Bank of India Ltd.; Schedule of Deeds relating to Seletar Rubber Estates; Prospectus about Estate; 1910 Agreement for the Sale of the Seletar Estates; Appointment of Directors; 1910 Agreement between Seletar Rubber Estates Limited & Rubber Produce Agency Limited; 1911 Trust Deed and Agreement with The Eastern International Rubber & Produce Trust Ltd. ; 1912 Rubber Produce Agency Ltd. Issue of Debentures ; 1915 Appointment of New Trustee under Trust Deed and Indenture with The Eastern International Rubber & Produce Trust Ltd.; 1916 Deed relating to outstanding Debentures with The Eastern International Rubber & Produce Trust Ltd.; 1921 Preliminary Guarantee Agreement with Rupragli Agency Ltd.; 1921 Agreement as to Allotment of partly paid shares in Seletar Plantations, Ltd.; 1921 Guarantee Agreement between Seletar Rubber Estates Ltd., Seletar Plantations Ltd. And Rupagli Agency Ltd. ; Agreement for Sale between Seletar Rubber Estates Ltd. And Seletar Plantations Ltd. ; 1921 Correspondance with Shareholders ; 1922 (October, December, February, March, June, July) Further Agreement as to Allotment of Partly Paid Shares in Seletar Plantations Ltd.


[Attractive Lacquered Album with 112 Original Photographs of Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Hawaii Taken During an Around the World Trip Titled]: Around the World, 1900.

1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 32,5x41 cm). With112 gelatin silver prints of various size mounted on 21 stiff card leaves, including 10 large images, ca. 25,5x29 cm (ca. 10 x 11 ½ in), and three large colour photos, ca. 20x26 cm (ca. 8x10 ¼ in). Manuscript ink captions on the mounts. Original lacquered Japanese album with leather spine, marbled paper endpapers, all edges gilt. Rebacked in style, boards slightly rubbed and neatly repaired on the corners, minor foxing of the endpapers, otherwise a very good album.
The album includes photos taken by a British traveller during a trip around the world, dated 20 March – 31 August 1900. The author left London in the beginning of March on the P.& O. Steamer Arcadia and proceeded to Port Said and Colombo, where he changed to the R.M.S. Chusan for Hong Kong. After calling at Penang and Singapore he arrived to Hong Kong, and visited Canton and Macao. Then he proceeded to Japan, arriving to Kobe on 4 May and travelling around the country until the end of June. On 20 June he left on S.S. “Futami Maru”, calling at Manila, Samoa, and Hawaii. One of the last photos dated 31 August 1900 shows the Niagara Falls.
The images of Japan comprise the majority of the album (63) and include views of Yokohama harbour, Tokyo (Kameido shrine, private house owned by certain Englishman Milne et al.), Kiga, a series of images of the Nikko shrines with the “celebrated Red Lacquer Bridge”, Eaimitsu temple, Karamon gate, bronze Torii, “Avenue of criptomenia trees”, botanical garden et al. Interesting in the image of the “fish flags” waving in Nikko during the Tango no Sekku or the Boys Holiday – “the idea is that as the fish swims against the stream, so may the boy ‘swim’ through life”. The author also took a series of photos of a temple procession in Nikko, with a picture of “3 gold shrines, 75 men to carry each. These are not allowed to be photographed”. Other images shows street musicians, small tea houses and hotels, Kyoto geishas, Nagoya Castle, Nara City et al. Three colour photos show Lake Hakone and Mount Fuji. The album opens with a self portrait of the compiler shown mounted on a horse, with his guide Hirakata, at the Otome Toge pass where “one gets a magnificent view of Fujiyama”.
A series of interesting photos of China include view of the Hong Kong harbour with the building of the Club, “the Queen’s road” and monument to the Queen Victoria in Hong Kong, view of Macao taken from the hotel ‘Boa Vista’, several dreadful images of execution of pirates in Canton, native boats crowded on the Canton river, a portrait of the travelling party at the palace of “Li Hung Chang” (Li Hongzhang, 1823-1901, a noted Chinese politician) et al. The beginning of the album numbers 14 views of Port Said, Colombo, Penang and Singapore, with street views, native boats with painted eyes in the bows, diving boys, and islands near Singapore which “we were passing nearly all day & each one seemed more beautiful that the last”. In the end of the album there are over a dozen photos of Manila, Samoa and Hawaii with large views of Honolulu, scenes of “Cricket at Apia”, portraits of natives, Hawaiian dancers et al.


26. [ASIA - TIBET]
[ANDRADE, Antonio de] (1580-1634)
Histoire de ce qui s’est passé au royaume du Tibet. Tirée des lettres escrites en l’année 1626. Adressée au R.P. Mutio Vitelleschi, General de la Compagnie de Iesus. Traduicte d’Italien en François par un Pere de la mesme Companie [Account of the Events in the Kingdom of Tibet, from the letters written in 1626…]

Paris: Sébastien Cramoisy, 1629. First Edition. Small Octavo (17,5x11 cm). [2 – t.p.], [6], 104 pp. With a woodcut vignette on the title page, a woodcut headpiece and several woodcut initials in text. Later full vellum with a later red morocco gilt lettered title label on the spine, all edges gilt. Paper very mildly age toned, otherwise a near fine clean copy.
First French edition of an important letter by Portuguese Jesuit missionary Antonio de Andrade written in Tsaparang, on the 15th of August 1626, during his second journey to Tibet. Andrade was sent as a Portuguese envoy to the Jesuit mission in Goa and then to Agra. “Seeking Christian communities thought to thrive beyond the Himalayas, and also to gather information on Lamaism, he left Delhi in 1624 with Manuel Marques (a Portuguese lay-brother) <…> By negotiating the deep snows of the Mana Pass (= Mana Shankou) (July 1624), Andrade descended into the state of Guge at Tsaparang (… on the River Sutlej in Tibet) where he encountered his first Buddhists. After successfully convincing the local ruler to allow the teaching of Christianity, Andrade returned to Agra. Immediately on reaching Agra, Andrade despatched a letter to his superiors, relating his journey and experiences in Tibet. This was published in Lisbon in 1626 by the press of Matteo Pinheiro under the title “Novo descobrimento do gram Cathayo, ou reinos de Tibet.” Accepting an invitation to return to Tibet, Andrade arrived back in the country in 1625 along with other Jesuits, and consecrated a church at Tsaparang on Easter Sunday 1626. Andrade made a third journey in 1627, but in 1629 was recalled to Goa to fulfil his appointment as superior for the Indies <…> In 1631 the mission of Tibet was abandoned when the lamas revolted at the growing influence of the Jesuits, provoking violent local reactions.” (Howgego, Encyclopedia of Exploration to 1800, A88).
The book was first published in Portuguese by Matteo Pinheiro (1627) and was translated into French (from the Italian edition of 1628) by Jesuit Jean Darde. It describes Andrade’s second voyage and the early days of the mission, talks about the kingdom of Tibet and nearby lands, and the opposition from the Lamas to the construction of the church and the development of the Jesuit mission. “Padre Andrade accepted the King’s offer to construct a Church and a residence for the Padres and work began on Easter day, April 12, 1626. Several houses near the palace were demolished to construct the buildings and a garden. The relationship between the Padres and royal family and the activities that took place in the palace and the Padres’ new residence in 1625 and 1626 are included in Padre Andrade’s long letter written on August 15, 1626 from Tibet. This second letter of Padre Andrade includes much more about Tibetan life, as well as the conflict between the lamas and the secular population friendly to Christianity” (Abdo, Joseph C. [Biography of] Padre Antonio de Andrade// Brunet, I, 265. Cordier, BS, 2901. Sommervogel, I, 331.


27. [ASIA - TIBET]
[IAKINF/ BICHURIN, Nikita Jakovlevich] (1777-1853)
Opisanie Tibeta v Nyneshnem Yego Sostoyanii. S Kartoyu Dorogi iz Chen-du do Khlassy. Perevod s Kitaiskago [Description of Tibet in its Modern State. With a Map of the Road from Chen-du to Lhassa. Translated from Chinese].

Saint Petersburg: Typ. of the Imperial Foundling Home, 1828. First and only edition. Octavo. Xxvi, 223, [2 - errata] pp. With a large folding engraved map of Tibet and a hand coloured folding copper engraved view of Lhasa. Later dark green full sheep with richly decorated gilt and blind stamped ornaments on the boards; spine with raised bands, gilt stamped ornaments and gilt lettered title. Both original publisher’s wrappers bound in, first wrapper with a period ink inscription in Russian on verso: “Received on the 11th of September 1829 from the bookshop of the Department of Public Education” (in translation). Pale 19th century library stamps on verso of the map, title page, dedication leaf and in text, page 159/160 neatly remargined, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare Russian imprint with only ten paper copies found in Worldcat (Harvard University, UC Berkeley, Yale University, University of Washington, University of Kansas, Columbia University in the City of New York, University of Wisconsin, Cleveland Public Library, New York Public Library, Berlin State Library).
First Russian book about Tibet and first printed book by the famous Russian historian and translator archimandrite Iakinf, “the father of Russian sinology” (his “Notes on Mongolia” were published later the same year). Complete, with a large folding map of a caravan route from Chengdu (Sichuan province of China) to Lhasa (the main route to Tibet), and a picturesque hand coloured bird’s-eye view of Lhasa, “the first detailed view of the city to appear in a Western printed book” (Sotheby’s).
“A very rare and valuable account of Tibet from a Chinese perspective. The first and only edition in Russian and the first printing of this work in the West, translated by the Russian monk and Sinologist Iakinf Bichurin from the Chinese original of 1792. With a very fine hand-coloured bird's-eye view of Lhasa, the first detailed view of the city to appear in a Western printed book; the plan and key are present in only a very small number of copies. This book, edited by Lu Hua Chu, was written by the Chinese civil servant Ma Shao Yun, aided by Shung Mai-hai and was intended as an official government handbook for the Chinese army then occupying Tibet and to give information to the authorities in China about Tibet. The book is divided into two parts: the first is a topographical description of the route from Chen-du in Szechuan province to Lhasa; the second contains information on various aspects of Tibet, including its history, frontiers, the calendar, army, law, finances, dress, food, manners and customs, buildings, medicine, divination, and details of the Chinese administration. The translator, Iakinf Bichurin, spent 14 years as leader of the Russian Orthodox Mission to China in the early nineteenth century. His scholarly studies of China and Chinese culture brought him distinction as one of the founding fathers of Chinese studies and one of the first Russian Sinologists; he was also a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences” (Sotheby’s).
The main text is supplemented with two “articles” specially written by father Iakinf: a sketch of Tibet’s geography, history, population, education and administration; and an essay about history and modern state of religion in Tibet. The book was dedicated to princess Zinaida Volkonskaya (1789-1862), Russian soloist, poet and writer and an important figure in 19th-century Russian cultural life, who financially supported the publication of the book. In 1831 “Opisanie Tibeta” was translated into French by Julius von Klaproth who made Iakinf widely known in the European scientific circles (Description du Tibet, traduite partiellement du chinois en russe par le P. Hyacinthe Bitchourin, et du russe en français par M. ***; soigneusement revue et corrigée sur l’original chinois, complétée et accompagnée de notes par M. Klaproth. Paris: Imprimerie royale, 1831). Shorty after the book had been published, Russian Academy of Sciences made father Iakinf its member (1828); in 1831 he also joined the Asiatic Society of Paris.
Not in Yakushi (3rd edition).


28. [ASIA - TIBET]
FILCHNER, Wilhelm (1877-1957)
[A Collection of Seven Original Ink Drawings (Three initialed "C.A.") Used as Illustrations in Wilhelm Filchner's Book "Das Kloster Kumbum in Tibet. Ein Beitrag zu Seiner Geschichte (The Monastery Kumbum in Tibet. A Contribution to its History)" Berlin: Mittler & Sohn 1906].

Ca. 1905. Seven ink drawings on thick paper ca. 27x23 cm (11x9 in) and slightly smaller. The original ink drawings are recently matted together with the corresponding printed text illustration leaves from the book. Housed in a custom made black cloth portfolio with a printed paper title page label and silk ties. One drawing with an expertly repaired corner chip, but overall the ink drawings are in very good condition.
This historically important collection of ink drawings show 1. A Tibetan Rosary (p.47); 2. Lama d Ge ss Long with yellow hat and cloak etc. (p.48); 3. A travelling lama (p.63); 4. Illustration of an Indian legend (p.85); 5. A prayer drum partially made with human skull parts (p. 103); 6. A water-powered prayer wheel (p.104); 7. Tibetan cairn with prayer flags on mountain top (p.128). The illustrations are supplemented with the matted title page and map of the monastery from the book. The preface states that the ink drawings were created by an artist under Filchner's direction based on photographs made by Filchner. The purpose of Filchner's 1903-5 "expedition to Tibet [was] to carry out geomagnetic and topographical surveys on the high plateau. In addition to its scientific work the expedition carried out a significant intelligence-gathering role and was contemporaneous with similar missions by Francis Younghusband and others"(Howgego, 1850-1940 Polar Regions etc., F6). "Kumbum Monastery is a Buddhist monastery in present day Qinghai, China. Kumbum was founded in 1583 in a narrow valley close to the village of Lusar in the Tibetan cultural region of Amdo. Its superior monastery is Drepung Monastery, immediately to the west of Lhasa. It was ranked in importance as second only to Lhasa" (Wikipedia).


CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of Saigon and Environs].

1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; six larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with cloth sides. Watercolours mounted laid paper leaves. Album overall in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.


PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius (after 83-ca 168 AD)
Geographiae Universae tum veteris tum novae absolvtissimum opus duobus voluminibus distinctum in quorum priore habentur Cl. Ptolemæi Pelvisiensis Geographicae enarrationis Libri octo. P. I-II.., [Universal Geography..,].

Cologne: Petrus Keschedt, 1597. Second Latin Edition. Quarto, 2 parts in one. [viii], 184, [38], [2]; 292 leaves, [28 leaves index] pp. With two elaborately engraved title-pages with oval cartouches within engraved allegorical borders and 63 full-page engraved maps printed on rectos or versos of letterpress. Bound without the double page world map (after Rumold Mercator) often found bound in after p. 28 in part 2, but with no trace that it was ever present. Period full vellum with manuscript title in ink on spine. New endpapers and text mildly age toned throughout, otherwise in very good original condition.
"Second edition of Ptolomy's Geographia edited by Giovanni Magnini which was first published in Venice 1596. The maps are exact copies of Girolamo Porro's maps used for the first edition and later Venetian editions. This is the issue without the colophon at the end of the "Index" (corresponding with a copy at Harvard)" (Sothebys); Alden & Landis 597/57; Phillips 404 (issue with colophon); Sabin 66493n and 43822; Shirley 201-204.


[Album of Thirty-six Early Albumen Photographs of Various Cities and Towns in the Australian State of Victoria Titled in Gilt on Front Cover:] Photographic Views of Victoria.

Ca. 1880. Thirty-six stiff card leaves. With thirty-six mounted albumen photographs each ca. 16x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in). All captioned in pencil on mounts. With a presentation inscription on front free fly leaf: "A Souvenir of Victoria to Mrs. Rose from A. & S. Th . Melbourne, 4th of January 1882”. Period black decoratively gilt tooled full sheep album. Rebacked in style. A few photographs mildly faded but overall a very good collection of interesting early photographs.
The Victorian Gold Rush of the 1850s and 60s led to a significant economic and population expansion in Victoria and the rivalry with New South Wales resulted in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880 which was the first official World's Fair in the Southern Hemisphere. This interesting collection of early photographs of the towns and cities in post gold rush Victoria documents the development of the state at that time and includes images of: the Melbourne International Exhibition; Interior Opening Day; West Melbourne from Exhibition Dome; Independent Church Collins St.; Sailor's Home Spencer St.; Bourke St. East; Melbourne Town Hall; Bourke St. West; Scot's Church Collins St.; New Eastern Market; Museum; St. Kilda's Road; Government House; Kew Lunatic Asylum from Studley Park; Punt - Simpson Road; Melbourne from South Yarra; Melbourne from the Domain; Mountain Tree Ferns Dandenung State Forest; Coranderrk Aboriginal Station; Lower Falls on Creek Scene; Moorabool River Railway Viaduct; Clunes; Ferns; Geelong Railway Station; Scene on the Yarra; Stawell Mining Township; Aqueduct over River Plenty; Ballarat Mines; Castlemaine; Geelong West; Echuca Punt; Castlemain State Quarries; Falls Lower Campaspe; Hesket; Bush Sawmills (near Stawell); River Scene (with presumably the photographer by the river bank).


[COENE, Jean IV, Studio of]
[Illuminated Manuscript Leaf from the “Prayers” Part of a French Latin Book of Hours, with the lines from Two Prayers to the Blessed Virgin Mary: O Intemerata… and Obsecro te…, Illustrated with a Miniature Portrait of the Blessed Virgin Mary].

Paris, ca. 1510-1520. Single leaf, manuscript on vellum, written/decorated area ca. 14,5x8 cm (ca. 5 ½ x 3 ¼ in); miniature size ca. 4,8x3,5 cm (1 ¾ x 1 3/8 in). Text in Latin. Recto with 22 lines, verso with 12 lines. Text in brown ink, recto with a two-line initial in white on gold ground with a floral decoration; both recto and verso with elaborate ornamental borders decorated with flowers, insects and mythical animals (illuminated in red, blue, green, orange, and gold), border on recto is from ca. 0,9 cm to ca. 2,8 cm wide (1/4 to 1 1/8 in), border on verso ca. 2 cm (3/4 in) wide. Very lightly toned, margin slightly soiled, miniature with a small pigment loss, colour on the border on verso slightly smudged, otherwise a very good leaf.
A beautiful illuminated manuscript leaf from the “Prayers” part of a Book of Hours created in the studio of Jean Coene IV, a prominent French book artist of the early 16th century. The leaf contains the first lines of a prayer to the Blessed Virgin Mary: “O Intemerata, et in aeternum benedicta, singularis et incomparabilis virgo Dei genitrix Maria, gratissimum Dei templum, sp[iritu]s sancti sacrarium, janua regni cael[oru]m, per quam post Deum totus vivit orbis terraru[m]. Inclina mater m[isericordi]a aures tuae pietatis indignis supplicationibus meis, et esto mihi miserrimo peccatori pia, [et propitia] in omnibus auxiliatrix. O Iohanes…” (O Untouchable, and forever blessed, singular and incomparable virgin Mary Mother of God, most grateful temple of God, the sacristy of the Holy Ghost, the gate of the kingdom of heaven, by whom next unto God the whole world liveth, incline O Mother of Mercy the ears of thy pity unto my unworthy supplications, and be pitiful to me a most wretched sinner, and be unto me a merciful helper in all things. O most blessed John…).
The leaf is illustrated with a miniature portrait of the Blessed Virgin Mary, dressed in a blue gown and praying with the prayer book on her lap. The colourful border surrounding the text is decorated with floral ornaments, and houses a butterfly and a mythical animal resembling a dragon. The verso of the leaf contains the last lines of a previous prayer from the book of hours, also dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary (“Obsecro te…”), the lines are: …novissimus diebus meis ostende michi faciem tuam et annuncies michi diem et horam obitus et mortis mee; et hanc orationem supplicem suscipiat et exaudiat, et vitam aeternam mihi tribuat. Audi, et exaudi me dulcissima virgo Maria mater Dei, et misericordiae, Amen” (…that he may graciously and meekly hear, and receive this prayer, and give me life everlasting. Hear and make intercession for me most sweet Virgin Mary Mother of God, and Mercy. Amen). Overall a fine leaf with a beautiful bright miniature.
“Jean Coene (also known as the Master of the Paris Entries), [was] a prolific artist who was active in Paris for the French court under Louis XII (1498-1515) and François Ier (1515-47). He was originally named after the manuscripts he painted recording the royal entries into Paris of Mary Tudor in 1514 (London, British Library, Cotton MS.Vespasian B II) and Claude de France in 1517 (Paris, BnF., fr.5750), until his name was discovered in the painted frame on a leaf with the Crucifixion from a Missal, inscribed with ‘De Jos Coene’ (Leuchtendes Mittelalter, Neue Folge 1, 1997, ill. On p.320). He collaborated regularly with the Pichore workshop who dominated Parisian book illumination in the first decades of the sixteenth century (C. Zöhl, Jean Pichore, 2004). Although his compositions and figures are related to those of Pichore, he is easily distinguishable by characteristic faces with swollen eyes, pronounced red lips and his generous use of gold highlighting. His quick painting technique and the careful finish of his miniatures led him to be one of the most successful artists for a high-ranking clientele in early sixteenth-century Paris” (Sotheby’s).


[COENE, Jean IV, Studio of]
[Illuminated Manuscript Leaf from the “Suffrages to Saints” Part of a French Latin Book of Hours, Appealing to Saint Martin and Saint Fiacre and Illustrated with Miniature Portraits of Both Saints].

Paris, ca. 1510-1520. Single leaf, manuscript on vellum, written/decorated area ca. 14,8x8 cm (ca. 5 ¾ x 3 1/8 in); with two miniatures on recto and verso, each ca. 4,3x3,5 cm (1 5/8 x 1 3/8 in). Text in Latin. Both recto and verso with 22 lines. Text in brown, red and blue ink, recto with a two-line initial in white on gold background with a floral decoration, verso with two two-line initials in gold and white on blue and gold ground respectively; both recto and verso with elaborate ornamental borders decorated with flowers (illuminated in red, blue, green, and gold), both borders are from ca. 0,9 cm to ca. 3 cm wide (1/4 to 1 1/8 in). Very lightly toned, margin with very mild water stains on top and bottom outside corners, miniature portrait of St. Fiacre with a small pigment loss, but overall a very good leaf.
A beautiful illuminated manuscript leaf from the “Suffrages to Saints” part of a Book of Hours created in the studio of Jean Coene IV, a prominent French book artist of the early 16th century. The recto of the leaf contains the prayer to Saint Martin of Tours (316 or 366 - 397), one of the most familiar and recognizable French saints. The text of the prayer reads: “De sancto Martino. Ant: O beatum pontificem qui totis visceribus diligebat Christum regem et non formidabat imperii principatum. O Martine dulcedo medicamentum et meritum. O sanctissima anima quam si gladius persecutoris non abstulit: palmam tamen martyrii non amisit. V: Ora pro nobis beate Martine. R: Ut digni efficiamur promissionibus Christi. Deus qui populo tuo eterne salutis beatum Martinum ministrum tribuisti…” (Of Saint Martin, bishop. Ant: O blessed bishop who loved Christ the King with all thine inward parts and did not fear the sovereignty of the empire. O Martin, sweetness, medicine, and physician. O holiest soul, which if the sword of the persecutor had not taken away, nevertheless would not have lost the martyr's palm. V: Pray for us, most blessed Martin...). The miniature illustrates the famous story when Saint Martin cut his cloak in two to give a part to a beggar who wore rags in the middle of winter. Following the classical iconography of the event, St. Martin is shown mounted on a horse; he wears a blue robe and is cutting his grey cloak, covering a beggar at his left. The part of the cloak kept by St. Martin (cappa Sancti Martini) became a famous relic and brought to life such words as “cappellan” (French - chapelains, English - chaplain), a “priest in the military”; and “capella” (English - chapel), “a small church”.
The last twelve lines on verso start the prayer to Saint Fiacre of Breuil (d. 670) who built a hospice for travellers in what is now Saint-Fiacre, Seine-et-Marne in France: “De Sancto Fiacrio. Ant. Beate Christi confessor fiacri ecce nomen tuum fulget per secula petimus ergo ut tuis sacris precibus [adiuvemur a domino]”. The miniature depicts the saint in white monastic robe decorated in gold, with a Bible in one hand and a shovel in the other, referring to his love of garden work. St. Fiacre is known as the patron of gardeners and Parisian carriages which came to be known as fiacres.
“Jean Coene (also known as the Master of the Paris Entries), [was] a prolific artist who was active in Paris for the French court under Louis XII (1498-1515) and François Ier (1515-47). He was originally named after the manuscripts he painted recording the royal entries into Paris of Mary Tudor in 1514 (London, British Library, Cotton MS.Vespasian B II) and Claude de France in 1517 (Paris, BnF., fr.5750), until his name was discovered in the painted frame on a leaf with the Crucifixion from a Missal, inscribed with ‘De Jos Coene’ (Leuchtendes Mittelalter, Neue Folge 1, 1997, ill. On p.320). He collaborated regularly with the Pichore workshop who dominated Parisian book illumination in the first decades of the sixteenth century (C. Zöhl, Jean Pichore, 2004). Although his compositions and figures are related to those of Pichore, he is easily distinguishable by characteristic faces with swollen eyes, pronounced red lips and his generous use of gold highlighting. His quick painting technique and the careful finish of his miniatures led him to be one of the most successful artists for a high-ranking clientele in early sixteenth-century Paris” (Sotheby’s).


[Album with 25 Original Photographs of British Columbia, Compiled by the British Columbia Conclave of the Masonic Order of the Red Cross of Constantine, Titled:] Memories of British Columbia.

Ca. 1927. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x37 cm), 12 card leaves. 25 gelatin silver prints, all but two ca. 18x23 cm (7 ¼ x 9 in), two ca. 17,5x10,5 cm (7 x 4 ¼ in). All with custom printed captions on the mounts. First large photo with a paper label attached to the top (official letterhead of the Government House in Victoria, signed and dated by R. Randolph Bruce). Original maroon full sheep album with gilt lettered title on the front cover, moire endpapers and decorative edges. Gilt lettered red sheep label with presentation inscription on the first pastedown, paper exlibris of Rita Yvonne Butterfield ibidem. Boards slightly rubbed on extremities, but overall a near fine album.
This luxury keepsake album was specially produced as a present to “The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Cassillis, C.C.C. M… Ill… Grand Sovereign, Illustrious Order of the Red Cross of Constantine by Western Canada Conclave, No. XXV. Victoria, British Columbia, October 6th, 1927.” The Earl of Cassillis, who was the Grand First Principal of the order’s Supreme Chapter in Scotland, apparently visited Victoria to take part in the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the formation of the first Masonic chapter in British Columbia, which took place in October 1927. The album opens with portraits of Harry H. Watson, Reigning Sovereign of the Western Canada Conclave, and Edward E. Leason, Intendant General for British Columbia and Canadian Yukon. The photo of the Government House in Victoria has a paper label attached to the top, with the official letterhead of the Government House, signed and dated 8 October 1927 by Robert Randolph Bruce (1861-1942), Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia in 1926-31.
The photos show the Parliament Buildings in Victoria, Saanich Peninsula, Elk Falls on the Campbell River, Mount Baker from the Malahat Drive, Mount Arrowsmith, “Mr. R.P. Butchart’s Sunken Gardens,” Colwood Golf Links near Victoria, Esquimalt dry-docks, a car with B.C. Licence plate in the “Virgin Forest,” local farmlands with herds of ships and cows, strawberry field during the harvest time, a tulip bulb farm et al. BC industry is represented with a close portrait of loggers at work, photos of a logging railway, pulp and paper mill, salmon catch, and a view of “Large timbers for export” loaded on a railway car, the timbers are with chalk inscriptions “Let BC flourish by her timber” and “BC forever.” The album closes with a photo of a catch of trout captioned “Speckled Beauties abound in B.C. Waters.”


KEMMIS, Colonel William (1836-1900)
[Collection of Seven Photos and Thirteen Drawings & Sketches (Watercolour, Ink or Pencil) from the Private Archive of Colonel W. Kemmis, Royal Artillery, Including Five Original Drawings and Three Photographs Made During His Service at the British Military Depot on Île Sainte-Hélène (Montreal) in the 1860s.].

Ca. 1860s, 1900s. Seven original photographs mounted on album leaves, including: one salt print ca. 12,5x10,5 cm (5x4 in), five albumen prints of various size, from ca. 16x20 cm (6 ¼ x 7 ¾ in) to ca. 10x12,5 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ¾ in), and a gelatin silver print ca. 20,5x15,5 cm (8x6 in). With thirteen watercolour, pencil, or ink drawings (on separate leaves of paper or additionally mounted on album leaves) of various size, from ca. 17,5x25 cm (6 ¾ x 9 ¾ in) to ca. 9,5x11 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ¼ in). Several photos slightly faded, otherwise a very good collection.
Attractive collection of early photographs and original drawings from the private archive of a Royal Artillery officer William Kemmis, including several interesting views taken during his service at the British Military Depot on St. Helen’s Island in Montreal in ca. 1863-1865. Very interesting is a pencil drawing of the Depot’s Barracks which were destroyed by fire in 1875, leaving only the vaults that housed the kitchens. The “Canadian” views include: two nicely executed pencil drawings showing “Waterfall, Rivière du Loup, Canada East, Sept. 1863” and “Village of Riviere du Loup, Canada East, Oct. 1863”; an albumen print showing artillery exercise (most likely on St. Helen’s Island), pencil drawn view of the “Barracks, St Helen’s Island, Montreal, Canada” (executed in ca. 1863-65), pencil drawn view of a tombstone of “Arthur George, Infant Son of Lieut. W. Kemmis, Rl. Arty., & his wife Ellen, Lies Buried Here. Died 29 June 1865” (born at St. Helen's Island, Montreal, on the 3rd of June 1865, died and buried there later the same month), a watercolour showing “A Canadian Sleigh Driver or “Carter”. “March done.” From nature. Quebec, C.E., 18.4.63”; there are also a salt print portrait of W. Kemmis in Royal Artillery uniform, and a photo of a forest most likely taken during his service in Eastern Canada.
The collection also includes three earlier ink drawings done by Kemmis: [Long Horned Sheep] (dated 1857); a copy of one of Paulus Potter’s “Goat” engravings (originally done by N. Visscher, our copy with an ink signature “W. Kemmis, 9 Sept. 1858” in the right lower corner), [A Fennec Fox] (no date). There are four other pencil drawings, most likely also done by W. Kemmis: “Knockholt Church, Kent. Where Colonel and Mrs. W. Kemmis (then lieutenant) were married 1862. Near Sundridge, Sevenoaks, home of her parents George Steinman-Steinman, F.S.A and his wife”; “Aperfield Court” (with a pencil note on the mount “by Cl. Wm. Kemmis”); “Hatcham Manor House” [London, England]; “Wandsworth Residence of J. B. Smith” [London, England]. The other items include three photographs: “East Window in Ballinatone Church, Co. Wicklow;in memory of Colonel W. Kemmis R.A; D. L. Deceased 3 February 1900, buried in vault outside. Representing ‘Faith, Hope, Charity’”; “Ballinacor House, Rathdrum, Co. Wicklow. Seat of Colonel W. Kemmis. R.A.,D.L.”; [A Group Portrait of Likely Kemmis in His Later Years and Three Others Outside Ballinacor House]; [A Group Portrait at the] “Corrington Vicarage, Cambridgeshire”; a watercolour view of a cemetery in English countryside.
Overall a very interesting archive with some early images of British military service in Eastern Canada.
“Protected by the St. Marie current, the military complex of St. Helen’s Island permitted the British Government to control the river traffic between Kingston and Quebec City from 1824 until 1870. Since 2007, the complex is the most important patrimonial military site of Montreal. <…> Built in 1824, following the orders of the Duke of Wellington, this fortified ensemble was the arms depot of the Montreal Military District and of Upper Canada until 1870” (The British Military Depot. Guided Tour/ Stewart Museum online).
“William Kemmis: born at Camira Glebe 8th. August 1836: Lieutenant in H.M. Regiment of Royal Artillery 7th. April 1856: Captain 5th. April 1866: Major 16th. February 1875: Lieut. Colonel 1st. November 1882: twice Gold Medalist once Silver Medalist of the Royal Artillery Institution, (1877-80-and-88:) passed the School of Gunnery 1866-7: Gunnery Instructor of the 10th. Brigade R.A. 1867-70: passed the Advanced Class 1870-72: Captain Instructor and then Assistant Superintendent Royal Carriage Department, Royal Arsenal, Woolwich 1872-77: author of the "Text Book of the Manufactures of the Royal Carriage Department," 1st. And 2nd. Edition, Gunnery Tables, etc., etc.: also of Kemmis Pedigrees and Pedigrees of the Camoys Family: Commanded "B" Field Battery, 5th. Brigade, 1878-81: Professor of Artillery Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, 1881-4: retired as Colonel 6th. September 1884: heir to his uncle Wm. Gilbert Kemmis: of Ballinacor, Co. Wicklow, Clopoke, Ballycarroll, Castlebrack, Killeshin, Badger Hill, Derrycanton, Clonin, Crannagh, Shronagh and Acragar Queen's Co. Aforesaid: J.P. For Co. Wicklow, 15th. March 1882: D.L. 11th. April 1891: died 3rd. February 1900 at Ballinacor and was buried on the 7th. Of that month a Ballinatone, parish of Balinaclash Co. Wicklow. M.I. And has a Memorial window in Ballinatone Church: will dated 17th. October 1892 and proved 24th. April 1900 in Dublin: married 20th. August 1862 at Knockholt, Kent Ellen Gertrude de Horne Christy, eldest daughter of George Steinman F.S.A of Priory Lodge Peckham and of Sundridge, Kent, author of the "History of Croydon" etc., etc., Arms - "Kemmis, - Vert, on a chevron argent 3 pheons sable, impaling Steinman, -Azure, an ibex rampant argent horned or, a bordure engrailed of the secont." (Kemmis of Ballinakor/
Kemmis’ service in Canada was dated on the basis of the birthdates of his children: his first son William Henry Olphert was born at Quebec, Canada East, 15th. March 1864; second son Arthur George was born at St. Helen's Island, Montreal, Canada East, 3rd. June 1865: baptized 28th. And died 29th. Of same month: buried at St. Helen's Island; third son Marcus Steinman was born 29th. May 1867 at Southend, parish of Prittlewell, Essex.


PEACOCK, [Alfred?]
[Historically Important Album with Fourteen Original Watercolours of South Eastern British Columbia Including the Canadian Pacific Railway Titled on the Spine:] B.C. & C.P.R. Album.

1886. Oblong Folio (ca. 29x40 cm). Fourteen album leaves with fourteen mounted watercolours ca. 20,5x31 cm (8 x 12 ½ in) and slightly smaller, all titled and two dated. Recent period style blue half morocco album with cloth boards, spine with raised bands and gilt lettered title. A very good album with beautiful watercolours.
Attractive album with fourteen watercolours of south-eastern British Columbia including the Canadian Pacific Railway including:
1) Moberly Peak. - 1st Columbia Crossing. - Kicking Horse Pass; 2) Moberly Peak. - Mouth of Kicking Horse Pass. - Rocky Mountains. -Valley of Columbia, Selkirks. Columbia R.; 3) Graves alongside the dump. C.P.R.; 4) C.P.R. Snow Sheds in the Mountains.; 5) Kicking Horse Pass. Canadian Pacific Railway; 6) Packing over the Mountains; 7) Selkirks from high ground near "1st crossing of Columbia R.;" 8) Bit of the Rockies near mouth of Blackberry R. - Columbia R. In foreground; 9) Going down the Columbia - Oct. 1886; 10) On the Columbia R.; 11) Law’s Ranche - Head of Columbia River Oct. 1886; 12) Engineers Office - Gaol - Court House - Stoess[Stores?]; 13) Landing at Golden City - Columbia River; 14) Kicking Horse River - Selkirk Range - Golden City (Pig - Queens Hotel - R. Lang's Store - Pat's House). Peacock was no doubt one of the transcontinental passengers who travelled and documented the C.P.R. In 1886, the first year of its operation. "The last spike in the CPR was driven on 7 November 1885, by one of its directors, Donald Smith, but so many cost-cutting shortcuts were taken in constructing the railway that regular transcontinental service could not start for another seven months while work was done to improve the railway's condition (part of this was due to snow in the mountains and lack of snow sheds to keep the line open).., The first transcontinental passenger train departed from Montreal's Dalhousie Station, located at Berri Street and Notre Dame Street at 8 pm on 28 June 1886, and arrived at Port Moody at noon on 4 July 1886" (Wikipedia).


[Manuscript Journal in English Titled:] An Arrêt for Establishing a Council of Commerce, Paris, [29th June] 1700.

Ca. 1700. Quarto (24,5x19,5 cm). [ii], 11, 196 pp. Manuscript journal written in a neat and easily legible cursive script in brown ink on laid paper, with the ownership inscription "Sam Browns - 1735." Handsome period dark brown elaborately gilt tooled panelled full calf with gilt title label. Rebacked in period style, some very minor foxing but overall in very good condition.
This English translation of the 1700 Paris Arrêt of the King's Council of State for Establishing a Council of Commerce, contains petitions and reports presented by the deputies of the Council of Trade in France to the Royal Council. This manuscript almost certainly pre-dates the printed bilingual version in French and English which was published in Paris in 1701. The main articles contained include: "A memorial concerning the Guinea Company, the commerce of the French colonies in America, the present state of the islands, which the French possess there, & the means of preserving & extending their trade in those parts; with remarks upon the restraining some branches of commerce to certain ports & upon exclusive companies, as also on farms certain commodities, particularly the farms of tobacco and sugar" (this article describes the French colonies in the West Indies including French Guiana, Grenada, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint-Kitts, Saint Croix, Dominican Republic, Dominica, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint Martin with details on their size, number of colonists, slaves, conditions of the soil and main settlements and crops also being given). Another article describes French commerce with the Levant and why Marseilles "alone has the privilege of trading thither." Other articles describe how French trade can be restored with Spain and the Northern Countries. While one other important issue discussed is the "scarcity of gold & silver bullion, & the exportation of coin out of the kingdom." France's King Louis XIV of France wanted to restore, improve and expand trade after the Nine Years' War had been concluded with the Treaty of Ryswick and so this Arret represents a comprehensive study of the state of French trade and how these goals could be accomplished.


[Album of Sixty-two Large Early Original Albumen Photographs of Palestine and Egypt, Including Several Photographs of Greece and Italy].

Ca. 1870s. Oblong Folio (ca. 31x42 cm). 38 stiff card leaves (7 of which are blank). 62 large albumen prints most ca. 22,7x28,2 cm (8,9x11,1 in) including 3 larger ones measuring 27,2x35,7 cm (10,7x14 in). Thirty-seven images signed and captioned by the studios in negative, most other images captioned, numbered or signed, some with period manuscript pencil captions. Period dark brown gilt tooled half morocco album with cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Album mildly bumped and rubbed extremities, several images mildly faded, a couple of mounts with some minor corner chipping but overall a very good album.
The interesting large photographs in this album include:
Palestine (35 photos, most Bonfils): View of Jaffa from the sea-shore; View of Jaffa market; Tower of the 40 Martyrs; View of Ramaleh; View of Bethany; Village of Khan-al-Ahmar; The Jordan River; View of the Mar-Saba Convent; Bedouin Camp at Jericho; Market Place at Bethlehem; Pilgrims entering Bethlehem on Christmas Day; View of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives (2 perspectives); Location of the Salomon Temple; Golden door of Jerusalem; Mount Sion and Mount of Olives seen from Bethlehem Road; The Pool of Siloam; a View of Siloam; Valley of Tombs of Jehoshaphat; Field of Blood or Vallet of Akeldama; Jaffa Gate; Fortress near Jaffa Gate; Field of Haceldam; Jews at the Wailing wall on a Friday; Robinson Archway in Jerusalem; Nahassin Road; Facade of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem; Interior of the Holy Sepulchure; Interior of the El Aksa Mosque in Jerusalem; Interior of the "Ecce Homo;" Healing Pool ("Piscine Probatique").
Egypt (13 photos, most by Lékégian & Zangaki): View of Cairo; Palm trees near the Nile; Passage of Kasr el Nil; View of the Pyramids of Giza; View of the Pyramids and the Sphinx; Statue of Memphis; Sahara Pyramid; Panorama of Alexandrie seen from Fort Napoleon; Two photographs of Ramses II Mummy; Bazaar at Gézireh, Road to the Pyramids, Interior of Mouhamed Aly Mosque (last three by Lékégian).
Greece (8 photos, not signed but probably Zangaki): View of Athens (2 perspectives); View of Acropolis (2 perspectives); View of Acropolis and Temple of Jupiter; Theatre of Bacchus; Statue.
Italy (Venice) (6 photos, attributed to Naya, primarily by recent pencil captions in the margins): Piazza St. Marco (2 perspectives); Palazzo Ducale; Il Molo; Foscari and Giustinian e Rezzonico Palaces; Loggetta.


MONK, Charles James (1824-1900)
[Collection of Five Autograph Letters Signed From Charles Monk to his Mother and Sister, Written during his Travels up and down the Nile, With Interesting Notes on the Temples and Sites Visited, Latest Events in Egypt, His Dragoman and the Boat Crew, Hunting Trips, Other European and American Travellers on the Nile et al.].

Kenneh, Thebes, Cairo, on board French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 1848-1849. Five Autograph Letters Signed, all Quarto (from ca. 26,5x21,5 cm to ca. 24,5x20 cm). Brown ink on white or blueish paper. In total 19 pp. of text. Each letter addressed and with postal and quarantine stamps on the 4th page, four letters numbered from 50 to 53 in the upper left corners of the first leaves. Fold marks, paper mildly age toned, four letters with minor holes on the margins of the second leaves after opening, affecting several letters or words, one letter with minor tears on fold, affecting several letters, but overall a very good collection.
Important collection of original letters written by British politician Charles James Monk during his travel to Asia Minor and Egypt in 1848-1849 shortly after his graduation from Cambridge. The letters describe Monk’s travels along the Nile and give a valuable private commentary to his printed account “The Golden Horn and Sketches is Asia Minor, Egypt, Syria, and the Hauraan” (London, 1851, 2 vols.). Monk arrived in Alexandria in the beginning of October 1848 and proceeded to Cairo from where he sailed up the Nile turning back at the second cataract near Wadi Halfa in the end of November. Two letters were written during the trip in Upper Egypt – in Thebes and Kenneh. Monk talks about sites visited, his Dragoman and the crew of his boat, travel companion and other European and American travel groups in Egypt, excessive heat and flies, his numerous hunting trips when he shot among others several plovers, pigeons, a “splendid solan goose,” and a crocodile; cheap prices for local eggs and bread; mentions the death of the Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt (1789-1848); the election of Louis Napoleon the President of the French Republic and shares his plans for the further travel to Sinai, Palestine and Syria. The last letter written at the end of the travel contains a critique on Alphonse de Lamartine’s book “Voyage en Orient” (1835).
Later in life Monk became a director of the Suez Canal Company (1884).
Some excerpts from the letters:
1) The Thebaid, Upper Egypt, Kenneh 9 November 1848.
“The waters are now rapidly subsiding, but the breadth of this extraordinary river & the body of water which is spread upon the lands for miles on either side is quite wonderful, when we consider that it is unassisted by any tributary streams. The flies are so annoying that I scarcely have patience to endure them <…> We have fortunately left mosquitoes behind us a little above Cairo <…> our Reis & crew continue to give us satisfaction, but they always have that […?] word “Baksheesh” <…> in their mouths. I have been perfectly well ever since I have been in the Nile, as also has my companion Mr. May. This is the most delightful mode of travelling you can imagine. I am afraid I begin to take a selfish pleasure in it <…> Note that the Nile is falling, the peasants are busy at work with the shadoof raising water for the irrigation of their lands…”
2) Thebes. Upper Egypt. 17 December 1848 & Kenneh 21 December 1848.
“After leaving Kenneh we reached Thebes in two days, spent Sunday on the Western bank, where are the temples of El Koorhen, the Memnonium containing the fallen granite statue of Remeses the Great (1350 B.C.), the largest statue in the world, & that of Medeenet Aboo, & the two Colossal statues in the Plain, one of which is called the vocal Memnon from the circumstance of a sound having come from its mouth every morning at sunrise. From Thebes to Esouan, the first cataract we were about a week. The falls here are not more than 6 or 7 feet & we passed with the united efforts of about 200 men, who hauled the boat up with an enormous rope; & the same afternoon we came to the small island of Philae, on which are two temples of singular interest. <…> Our furthest point was Wadi Halfeh, the second grand cataract beyond which no boat can pass, lying between 21° & 22° N. Latitude. <…> The Governor at Wady Halfeh was a kind & agreeable Turk & came on board & dined with us & paid us several visits. He would have assisted us in going up to Dongola, but of course that was not on the question, & in fact I did not feel any desire so to do in camels by the river’s bank. <…> The death of Ibrahim Pasha, which you […?] from my last letter was daily expected, has fortunately not caused the slightest disturbance in Upper Egypt <…> Our Dragoman we were obliged to put on shore at Edfoo above Thebes, for he proved to be a perfect scoundrel.”
3) Hotel d’Orient, Cairo. 5 January 1849.
“We have enjoyed our Nile tour excessively & since leaving Kenneh we have seen some monuments of extreme interest including the grottoes of Beni Hassan, which illustrate the manners & avocations of ancient Egyptians even better than the royal tombs of Thebes. The Pyramids we have visited & examined throughout their details with great care, & we have certainly returned from our tour impressed with a high idea of the wonderful excellence which the Egyptians had attained in the arts & sciences in the early ages of the world. <…> At Beni Hassan I shot another crocodile. It is the most Northerly point at which they are ever found, & not very often there. Mt. May likewise killed a very small one in Nubia measuring 4 ft 3 inch.”
4) Oriental Hotel, Cairo. 18 January 1849.
“I little expected to see in Africa the prettiest gardens that I have ever met with; yet such if the case. The gardens of Mohammad Ali at Shubra are perfectly beautiful. They are filled with orange trees. <…> Ibrahim Pasha’s gardens in the Island of Rhoda are very pretty, but they were unfortunately 4 feet underwater last August owing to the excessive rise of the Nile. The Cairine bazaars, Mosques, Baths, & all other public buildings are so far inferior & even mean in comparison with those at Stamboul, that it would not be worth while giving any detailed account of them…”
5) On board the French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 100 leagues off Malta. 24 April 1849.
“I now feel my painful duty - don’t be alarmed – to denounce M. De la Martin as a gross impostor & unworthy of credit. His book is [full?] of misrepresentations from beginning to end & was the cause of much disappointment to me especially in respect to Beirut. Like many towns on the coast Beirut is very pretty from the Sea, but its environs can lay no claim to the extraordinary beauty with which La Martin has clothed them. The Lebanon both alone & below Beirut has much lovely scenery & I spent two or three most delightful days among the mountains, for we made up a very pleasant party (5 of us) & visited <…> Deir el Kammor [Deir al-Qamar], the Capital of the Druzes, where the banished Emir Beschir [Bashir Shihab II] used to live.”


[Album of 110 Original Gelatin Silver Unique Private Photographs Which Document a Voyage Around the Mediterranean in 1898 Titled:] Orientreise 1898.

1898. Folio (37 x 28 cm). 24 leaves. With 110 gelatin silver photographs numbered mounted (recto & verso) in twenty-four leaves. Photos mostly ca. 10x15 cm (4x6 in) with twenty-four smaller images. [With] two manuscript lists describing the photos. Original red gilt lined half morocco album with red cloth boards with stamped gilt title on front cover. Mounts a little waved, extremities very mildly rubbed, but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
The photographer made this voyage in February and March 1898 starting in Genoa and continuing to Monaco, Tunis, Alexandria, Cairo (and environs), Jerusalem, Dead Sea, Beirut, Damascus and then the return voyage via Constantinople, Athens, Crete, Palermo, Naples and finally the Genoa suburb of La Mortola. These interesting and unique photographs show coastal and port scenes, city and street views, main historical sights, images of the travellers and onboard life. The majority of the photos show Egypt, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey.


41. [EGYPT]
FRITH, Francis (1822-1898)
[Collection of Twenty-Three Original Stereo View Photographs Showing Sites in Luxor, Cairo and Nubia].

Ca. 1860. Twenty-three pairs of half oval albumen photos each ca. 7,5x7 cm (3 x 2 ¾ in). Mounted on the original card mounts each ca. 8x17,5 cm (3 x 6 ¾ in). All with printed captions with descriptions on verso of mounts and one with period manuscript ink caption on front of mount. Overall the collection is in very good condition.
This collection of stereo views includes images of some of the main sites in Egypt and Nubia taken by Francis Firth and includes:
Luxor (8): The Two Obelisks and part of the Hall of Columns at Karnak, the Columns of Osiris in the Temple of Karnak (2), a Portion of the Columnar Court in the Temple of Karnak at Thebes, Great Hall of Columns at Karnak, (2) views at Luxor and View of Medinet Habu (Temple Palace of Ramses III).
Cairo (6): the Great Gate of the Citadel, the Mosque of Sultan Al Hakim, the Tombs of the Memlook, a Street leading to the Mosque of Metuali, two Largest Pyramids at Geezeh, and the Sphinx and Pyramid.
Nubia (6): show the Temple of Waddy Sabooa, the Temple of Kalabsha (2), a front view of the Small Temple of Abou-Sambul, a front view of the Great Temple of Abou-Sambul, and the Temple of Dakka.
Island of Philae (2): the Priest’s Portico and the Principal Entrance to the Temple at Philae.
One photograph shows the Temple of Edfu.
Frith made his first trip to the Nile Valley in 1856, and subsequently on two other trips before 1860 went to Palestine and Syria to expand his portfolio of photographic images.


[GOLDSMITH, George, Admiral RN (1806-1875)]
[Album of over Seventy Watercolour, Pen, and Pencil Drawings of Greece and Turkey and Other Parts of the Mediterranean, Including Four Double-Page Watercolour Panoramas of Athens, Acropolis, Salamis Bay (Salamis Island, near Athens), and Marmorice Bay (Marmaris, Turkey); Coastal Views of Greece, Turkey, Spain, Italy; [With] Nine Watercolour and Pencil Drawings of Amiens, Abbeville, Noyon, Château de Pierrefonds, and other Locations in Northern France].

Ca. 1827-1837. Oblong Quarto (ca. 20,5x26,5 cm). 46 leaves. With five double-page watercolour panoramas, over thirty one-page watercolours, and over twenty pencil or ink drawings. Vast majority with short or extensive period pencil or ink captions underneath the images or on the margins. Period style maroon gilt tooled straight grained half morocco; spine with raised bands and gilt lettered title. First leaf with minor lower corner chip, but overall a very good album with bright watercolours.
Attractive collection of watercolour views and panoramas Greece and Turkey and other parts of the Mediterranean, painted by the skillful amateur artist, British naval officer George Goldsmith. The album was created during his service in the Mediterranean in ca. 1829-1837, first as a lieutenant on HMS Madagascar (commanded by Sir Robert Cavendish Spencer and later Captain Edmund Lyons), and later as a lieutenant on HMS Childers (under Commander Henry Keppel).
The album includes four attractive double-page panoramas showing 1) the plain of Attica and Athens with Mount Pentelicus and Mount Hymettus in the background, and the hill of Acropolis in the centre; 2) the Acropolis, 3) Salamis Bay (16 km west of Athens), and 4) the Bay of Marmaris on the Turkish Riviera. There are also several watercolour views of Greek and Spanish coast, showing Napoli di Malvasia (now Monemvasia, Laconia), entrance to the Navarino Bay (now Pylos), Drepano (in Achaea), Cape de Gatte and Tarifa (both in Andalusia), and others. Very interesting is a colourful drawing of a volcanic eruption on the Graham Island near Sicily, dated 1831. This submerged volcanic island was discovered and claimed by Britain when it last appeared in 1831 during the eruption, but it went under water again in early 1832; currently the Graham Island is 6 meters under the sea level.
The album contains about forty drawings of different sailing vessels of the Mediterranean, including watercolour views of HMS Endymion, HMS Edinburgh, HMS Columbine, HMS Childers at the Barcelona mole in 1836, HMS Caledonia, HMS Canopus, HMS Onyx during a storm in the Bay of Biscay in December 1827, British “ambassador’s barge”, French ships Calypso, Hermione, Breslau, Hermione; Spanish feluccas and coast guard ships, French boats; very interesting are ink draughts of HMS Pique’s cutter, HMS Madagascar’s barque (both with measurements), and a double-page ink draught of a British sailing vessel with extensive manuscript explanatory notes of the margin.
The “Mediterranean” views are supplemented with nine views of northern France, including a double-page watercolour panorama of the city of Amiens and environs with the spire of the Amiens cathedral in the centre; watercolour views of ruins of the Chateau de Boves near Amiens, Amiens cathedral, fish basin in Amiens, two brown sepia watercolours of Château de Pierrefonds (in the forest of Compiègne), Jean Calvin’s house in Noyon; pencil drawn double-page panorama of Abbeville (Picardie, northern France), and others. Overall a very interesting attractive album showing the Mediterranean and France through the eyes of a young British mariner.
George Goldsmith joined the Royal Navy in 1821 and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant (1828), Commander (1841), Captain (1842), Vice-Admiral (1867) and Admiral (1875). Goldsmith served in the Mediterranean, West Coast Africa and the East Indies. He took part in the 1st Anglo-Chinese War, with HMS Hyacinth; and the Crimean War, with HMS Sidon under his command. Upon return to Britain he became Superintendent of the dockyard at Chatham and was created Companion of the Bath for his services in the Crimea.


BRAIVE, Georges (1884-1963)
[Very Extensive Collection of over 1000 Original Photographs of the Military Operations, Fortifications, Landscapes, Settlements and Civilians of the Areas Covered in WW1 by the Macedonian Front taken by French Architect Georges Braive during his Service as a Lieutenant Commandant of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” of the Armée d'Orient].

Ca. Early 1917 – November 1918. Over 430 loose gelatin silver prints ca. 13x18 cm (5x7 in), including over one hundred with ink stamps “Section Photographique de l’Armée” on verso, vast majority with period pencil captions by Braive on verso. With four photo albums, each Oblong Octavo (ca. 18,5x20 cm (7 ¼ x 7 ¾ in) or slightly smaller), with ca. 600 smaller photos, each ca. 4x6,5 cm (1 ½ x 2 ½ in), the majority are numbered in pencil, a large number are also captioned in pencil or ink on the mounts. Albums are green or maroon cloth, slightly rubbed on extremities, one album with the spine detached. A few images slightly faded, several with corner creases, but overall a very good collection in very good condition.
Very extensive historically important archive of over a thousand original photos (about half with captions on versos) giving an excellent visual account on the Macedonian front during the last phase of WW1. The photos were taken by Georges Braive, a Lieutenant Commandant of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” of the Armée d'Orient, and later an “architecte diplômé par le gouvernement” (DPLG). The images show vast territories and numerous settlements on the border between modern Albania, Macedonia, and Greece, as well as Thessaloniki, Athens and several other locations. The locations in modern Greece include: Salonique (Thessaloniki, dated 1917), Florina (7/17), Kastoria (1917, 09/18), Rakovo (Kratero, Florina Region, 4/18), Smrdes (Krystallopigi, West Macedonia in Greece, 8-11/17, 2/18), Vodena (Edessa, 6/17, 4/18), Vambeli (Moschochori), Mount Kajmakchalan (9/18), Ostrovo (Arnissa, 6/17, 4/18), Negokani (Niki, 4/17), Sorovicevo (near Florina, 6/17), Pisoderi (3/17, 7/17), Route de Pisoderi (7/17), Vasilika (1917), Verria (Veria, 1917), Klestina (6/18), Thasos Island, Delphi, Corfu (all dated 1917). Locations in modern Macedonia: Monastir (Bitola, 1917, 6-7/18), Grod (6/17), Sveta Petka (6/18), Mont Seganska (6/18), Zivonja (4/17), Slivica (4-7/17), Rula (7/17), Orizari-Celtiksi (4/18), Trajko-Cesme (1/18), Greznica (7/17), Obstrina (1918), Ciabresh, Brod, Pogradec, Barmasi, and others. Locations in modern Albania include: Zelova (8/17, 2/18), Korytza (Korçë, 8/17, 3/18), Biklista (Bilisht, 7-9/17, 8-9/18), Kastoria (1917), Plajsa (Placë, 8/17), Kapistica (8/17), Trnovo (8-10/17), Congonj (Cangonj, 8/17), Zvezda (Zvezdë, 7/17), Borova (Borove, 9/18), Prodgorie (8/17), German, Laisica, Pustec, Zemlac (Zëmblak), Breznica, and others. The collection includes over 430 loose large photos and about 600 smaller images mounted in four albums; the smaller images are mostly copies of the larger ones, but also include additional original views and portraits.
Over a hundred photos (many with ink stamps “Section Photographique de l’Armée” on versos) depict various military operations and fortifications of the Macedonian front, soldiers and officers of the Armée d'Orient, refugees and scenes of destruction after bombardments or explosions. Interesting images include: gun batteries on the Acropolis (July 1917); three portraits of General Adolphe Guillaumat (1863-1940), taken in Thessaloniki while the Commander of the Allied Army of the Orient (served in December 1917 - June 1918), including a scene of him attending a parade, and a group portrait with Admiral Jean Merveilleux du Vignaux (1865-1930) and General Charles-Antoine Charpy (1869-1941); French floating plane in Thessaloniki harbor; a zeppelin under construction; night fire in Thessaloniki on the 18th August 1917 (the entire city center and overall 32 % of the city territory was destroyed); Christian and Muslim refugees staying in Thessaloniki churches and mosques, French troopship “Liamore” in Corfu, and others.
Scenes from the Macedonian front proper show encampments of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” where Braive served (in Obstrina, Brod, and other places), a French medical officer looking into microscope, the Allied trenches and encampments on the front line with soldiers and officers posing to the camera (including African soldiers from the French Foreign Legion, soldiers going in an attack, portrait of a soldier living in a wheat basket, and others), a series of views of the roads and communications (including a cableway near Gnilés, Crna River valley), Red Cross nurses, a bridge exploded by the Bulgarian army on retreat, a review of Serbian soldiers by a general, graves of French soldiers, oxen-driven carts (some carrying wounded soldiers), truck convoys (with a series of photos showing cars stuck in mud and water, broken or burned), military boats being transported to Lake Ohrid (Macedonian-Albanian border), a crashed plane near Bilisht, military camel convoy, Bulgarian prisoners of war repairing the road, mules transporting munitions, Macedonian refugees going on roads laden with their belongings, burial of a local child killed in a bombing, and many others.
Other interesting images include over 60 photos of Thessaloniki, including city panoramas, views of streets and embankments (note: interesting views of the Venizelos street before and after the fire in August 1917), the White Tower, markets, churches, mosques, local people (vendors, passers-by, children, musicians, and others), two images of the ceremony of the immersion of the Cross in the Thessaloniki harbour featuring Eleftherios Venizelos (1864-1936), a prominent Greek politician and Prime Minister in 1910-20 and 1928-33, and many others. Among other views of Northern Greece are photos of town and village panoramas, streets, churches, markets (including portraits of French soldiers buying things from the locals), local peasants, priests, Romani people, a member of the Cretan guard of Eleftherios Venizelos (on a Florina market), a series of fifteen photos showing Easter celebration in Rakovo in April 1918 (now Kratero, near Florina); top of Mount Kajmakchalan showing the construction of the chapel commemorating Serbian victory over the Bulgarian troops in 1916; railway construction near Ostrovo (Arnissa); celebration of a Macedonian wedding in Klestina, and others. Interesting images of Macedonia include over twenty views of Monastir (now Bitola; show ruins after bombardment, Turkish arsenal, military barracks, Turkish cemetery and mosque, et al.), photos of a wedding and Easter celebrations in Obstrina, wedding celebration in Sveta Petka, various agricultural operations (i.e. Drying and beating of the corn), and others. Interesting photos of Albania show: road construction by women near Zelova, Albanian Komitadjis (rebels) in Korytza (Korçë), festive dancing in Brod, and others.
Overall a very interesting collection of military and ethnographic photographs of the Balkans during WWI.


KIPPIS, Andrew (1725-1795)
The Life of Captain James Cook.

London: Printed for G. Nichol and G.G. J. and J. Robinson, 1788. First Edition. Large Quarto (30x24 cm). xvi, 527, [1] pp. With a copper engraved portrait frontispiece of Captain Cook. Handsome brown period full calf. Rebacked in style with elaborate gilt tooling and maroon gilt title label. A very handsome near fine copy.
"Kippis' book, the first English biography of Cook, was intended to give a well-balanced account of his life from birth to death, including his family and early years, and the capacities in which he was engaged prior to the famous voyages. Cook discharged several important duties while aboard the Mercury, on the St. Lawrence River, during the siege of Quebec. The Newfoundland and Labrador surveys are discussed, and the three voyages are dealt with in great narrative depth. Kippis includes most of Samwell's narrative of Cook's death, and gives accounts of various tributes to Cook" (Hill 935); Beddie 32; "The first full-scale biography of Captain Cook, compiled from Admiralty sources as well as from documents in the possession of Sir Joseph Banks. Cook's early career on the St. Lawrence River, his surveying, and particularly his three voyages are discussed at length. The account of his death at Kealakekua is quoted almost in its entirety from the Samwell narrative of 1786. A part of Miss Seward's "Ode on the Death of Cook" is included" (Forbes 149); Holmes 69; Lada-Mocarski 40; Sabin 37954.


45. [RUSSIA - 1812 CAMPAIGN]
[Anonymous Period French Manuscript Account of Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia in 1812 Titled:] Campaigne de Russie. Toujour victorieux depuis 19 ans, Napoleon revait la conquete du monde, et les limites de la terre semblaiens trop rapprochee, pour fixer le terme de ses exploits!...

[Ca. 1820-1825]. Folio (ca. 32,5x22 cm). 73, [2] stitched with a string. pp. Brown ink on watermarked lined paper, text in French. Housed in a later laid paper cover with the manuscript title: “Campagne de Russie. Manuscrit anonyme,” inside a recent red quarter morocco folder with gilt lettered title on the spine and a marbled paper slipcase. Paper slightly age toned, with minor soiling and wear on the first and the last pages, but overall a very good manuscript.
Historically important period manuscript of Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia, or Russian Campaign of 1812. The narration begins on May 9, 1812 which marks the departure of the emperor to Königsberg, and ends on February 8, 1813 with the entrance of the Russians in Warsaw. Day by day the account details the main events of the campaign (crossing of the Niemen, capture of Smolensk on August 18, the Battle of Borodino on September 7, taking Moscow, etc.) and life in the French army during the advance towards Moscow. The author describes marches, battles, bivouacs, fire scenes and looting, hunger, heat, and lack of organization. There are also numerous notes that paint a portrait of Napoleon: "Napoleon was 43 years old and enjoyed robust health, he was little, fat, with high shoulders, short neck, big head, Greek profile and ponderous gait; his face was broad and pale, he had straight black hair, tawny gray eyes and thick eyebrows, his teeth were beautiful; his penetrating gaze, his motionless features, he was naturally taciturn, although only two passions painted on his face: anger, which made him momentarily lose reason, and the joy he expressed the contrary, by a very gracious smile; [...] At the beginning of a fight, the first cannon shots were giving to Napoleon an unbridled joy; then he remained impassive: generals, soldiers, fell dead before his eyes, nothing disturbed him." The narrator criticizes the emperor’s harsh judgment he wore on his defeated army, as he himself was "covered with furs, locked in a good car, always sleeping in a good bed and drinking Bordeaux wine with all his meals…"
The entry from the 7th of September described the Battle of Borodino "the bloodiest we have seen since the invention of gunpowder," which resulted in 70 000 killed on both sides, including 40 generals. Then came the invasion of Moscow "against all the rules of art,” where the governor general Fedor Rostopchin allegedly inspired the inhabitants to start the fire the following night. There is a note about frenzied looting during the fire, led by soldiers who had "braved death in the hope of owning Moscow’s wealth and abundance." On the 20th of September the army included 90,000 men and 20,000 wounded or sick, the supplies became scarce because "everything had burned or ravaged." Napoleon turned "from the offensive to the defensive and remained inactive in Moscow for 34 days in the midst of the ashes and disorder", and was forced to order the retreat which began on October 23, after he had decided to burn the Kremlin out of a “senseless revenge.”
Thus begins a detailed account of the retreat, with forced marches, starvation, cold, injuries and diseases, harassment by Russian troops, dropping of the wounded and weapons. The imperial army disintegrates, orders and rumors contradict, completing the disaster. Several pages are devoted to the crossing of the Berezina River, construction of bridges, Russian attacks and the tragic crossing on November 29. "There ended the destiny of this great army, which had made Europe tremble." On December 5 Napoleon left the army for Paris, leaving the command to Murat, who in turn passed it to Prince Eugene on January 16, 1813. The army, which after crossing the Berezina numbered only 8800 fighters, was still halved near Wilno on December 10, facing the army of Tsar Alexander, consisting of 100,000 men.
The manuscript ends with the overview of various bulletins of the campaign, the list of major French commanders, and a table showing the number of different divisions of Napoleon’s army: 647,158 men composed the imperial army in the beginning of the campaign (including Prussian and Austrian troops), and only 10,396 remained upon the retreat from Moscow. As indicated in the note at the end of the manuscript, it is according to the papers found in a carriage of Napoleon "we have feebly sketched the picture where the glory of French arms and misfortunes is so astonishing that posterity will be confused one day with the fabulous stories that have come down to us."


[DURAND-BRAGER, Jean-Baptiste Henri] (1814-1879)
[Album with Forty-One Original Watercolors, Fifteen Original Pencil and Pen Drawings, Six Original Photographs, and Four Lithographed Plates, with a Gilt Lettered Title of the Front Board:] Souvenirs de la Campagne de Crimée 1854-55-56.

Ca. 1854-1856. Oblong Elephant Folio (ca. 39,5x54 cm). Thirty-four beige and light brown album leaves (four blank). With forty-seven original drawings, all but six fully or partly hand coloured, the size is from ca. 7,5x7 cm (3 x 2 ¾ in) to ca. 19x30 cm (7 ½ x 11 ¾ in); fifteen mounted pen and pencil drawings from ca. 13,5x22 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) to ca. 15,5x47,5 cm (6 x 18 ¾ in), six mounted salt prints ca. 14x24 cm (5 ½ x 9 ½ in), and four tinted lithographed plates by Imp. Lemercier, image size ca. 21x33 cm (8 ¼ x 12 ¾ in). One pencil drawing is titled in pencil in French in the right lower corner, four dated in pencil in the lower corners: “23 avril,” “7 mai,” “1 mai,” “23 mai.” Period green quarter calf album with cloth boards and gilt lettered title on the front board. Covers with signs of old water stains, several leaves with mild staining, photos mildly faded, but overall a very good album with very interesting content.
Attractive historically significant album of original watercolour and pencil drawings, photographs and lithographs documenting the Crimean War and attributed to the “special artist of Bonapartism” Henri Durand-Brager, French painter and pioneer military photographer. The drawings and watercolours of the surroundings of Sevastopol were taken during his service at the theatre of the Crimean War as the official correspondent of “L’Illustration” newspaper. The album was most likely complied by Durand-Brager for presentation.
Skillful pencil drawings show the Crimean coast and interior – destroyed villages, Russian churches, French military camps, the Allied fleet in a Crimean bay, Sevastopol forts and neighbourhoods (destroyed streets), and others. A series of colourful watercolours are dedicated to the life of French and British military camps and shows their “streets,” scenes with soldiers at rest, next to their tents, near fire; there are views of the interiors of the tents; several watercolours and drawings portray French and British soldiers of different regiments; nine fine watercolours depict Russian soldiers of different regiments and Crimean Tatars. Six photographs taken together with his assistant Lassimonne (active 1850-1859) appear to be taken from Durand-Brager's paintings and show general views of the Crimean shore taken from the sea, or of the peninsula’s interior with destroyed villages, and groups of soldiers. The lithographs made after Durand-Brager's paintings from the series “Siege de Sebastopol” (Paris, Imp. Lemercier, lithographed by E. Eugens Ciceri) include: Batteries des Fusées (Pres de la Baie de Streletska). Attaques de gauche Mai 1855; Petit Mamelon vert ou du cimetière. Au fond du port du Sud (entre les attaques de gauche et celles Anglaises, Avril 1855); Fort Genois. Attaques le gauche, Mai 1855; Fort du Sud (dit de l’Arsenal). Attaques de gauche, Juillet 1855.
“In relevant encyclopaedias of artists, Henri Durand-Brager is predominantly listed as a marine painter, and he was trained as one, yet he was of lasting artistic importance not only in the field of painting but also in the field of reportage drawing. While the works of older artists such as Constantin Guys and Denis Raffet had marked out the basic coordinates of the trade of graphic correspondents, which had begun to slowly emerge with the start of the illustrated press, it was Durand-Brager, who with his entire habitus and flaunted adventurism shaped the role model of the professional pictorial reporter in all its diversity. <…>
With his style and characteristic handlebar moustache, Durand-Brager acted like the doublet of the new emperor, who now called himself Napoleon III. Durand-Brager accompanied his twenty-one-year reign as a pictorial court reporter, drawing him at his jubilation events and extensive tours through the French province and the Algerian colony and documenting his prestigious wars as a special artist and pioneer of war photography in the Crimea and Sardinia” (Roob, A. Henri Durand-Brager, Special artist of Bonapartism/ Melton Prior Institute for reportage drawing & printing culture,
“Jean-Baptiste Henri Durand-Brager, a French marine painter, was born at Dol in 1814. He studied under Gudin and Eugène Isabey, and in 1840 accompanied the fleet which brought Napoleon's remains from St. Helena, which island afforded him subjects for various pictures. He spent much of his time in travelling; he went to Buenos Ayres with the squadron, and explored Uruguay and Brazil; he accompanied the expeditions to Tangiers and Mogador, and to Madagascar, and he was in the Crimea during the war with Russia. He painted views of the places he visited, and also naval combats and sea-pieces. He died in 1879. There are several of his works in the galleries of Versailles” (Wikipedia).
Durand-Brager was made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 1844 and became an officer in 1865. His works are in many British and French museum collections today, notably Versailles, which has several paintings from a series he made on the Siege of Sebastopol.


RAYEV, Grigory Ivanovich (1863-1957)

[Collection of Eighteen Original Albumen Photographs of Kislovodsk, Pyatigorsk, Zheleznovodsk, and the Georgian Military Road from the Series “Views of the Caucasus”].
Ca. 1900. Eighteen albumen prints mounted on the official photographer’s card leaves with printed name and credentials on the lower margins, images ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5 x 6 ¾ in), mounts ca. 21x27 cm (8 ¼ x 10 ½ in). All but two images captioned and numbered in negative. Several photos with period pencil numbers on the mounts (made by an owner), one – with a period manuscript ink title on verso (“Narzan Gallery, Kislovodsk”). Mounts with some minor bumping of corners, several images mildly faded, but overall a very good collection.
Attractive collection of eighteen original photographs of the Georgian Military Road, and mountains, streams, mineral sources, baths and resort establishments of Kislovodsk, Pyatigorsk, and Zheleznovodsk in the North Caucasus. Grigory Rayev was a famous Russian photographer from the Caucasus. A native of Pyatigorsk, he worked as a photographer since the age of fifteen, and in 1889 purchased the studio of his teacher A.K. Engel; all images in his studio were taken personally by him. Rayev was awarded with over twenty gold and silver medals of Russian and foreign photographic exhibitions, including those in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Tiflis, Paris, Brussels, Cairo, and others; in 1896 he was awarded with the Legion of Honour in Louvre. Rayev was a member of the Russian Photographic and Russian Geographical Societies, and became the first photographer to document the establishment of railways in the Caucasus. Among his works are series of photos “Views of the Caucasus”, “90 views of Caucasian Mineral Waters, Georgian Military and Sukhumi Military Roads”, “50 views of the Osetian Military Road”, “25 views of Kislovodsk”, “Panoramas of the Caucasian Range”, over two hundred postcards with the views of the Caucasus based on his negatives, and others.
The views of Kislovodsk show: the interior of the gallery above the source of Narzan mineral water (reconstructed in 1893-1908); façade of the Narzan Gallery; “Steklyannaya Struya” (“Glass Stream”) pavilion in the Kislovodsk park; waterfalls on the Olkhovka River and in the Orekhovaya Gulch near Kislovodsk. Images of Pyatigorsk include those of the city square with the monument to Mikhail Lermontov; entrance to the Proval cave and the restaurant nearby; general view of the Mashuk mountain from the Goryachya (“Hot”) Mountain; Elizavetinskaya Gallery (above the source of mineral water), Lermontov grotto and the Aeolian harp pavilion. Photos of Zheleznovodsk include general view of the city, images of the mineral source of Grand Duke Mikhail; Gryaznushka (now Smirnovsky) source, baths of the mineral sources # 1 and 2, Novo-Ostrovskiye baths. Georgian Military Road in shown on the photos of the Terek Gorge, Gudauri mountain station (7327 ft above sea level), legendary mountain of Tsarine Tamara in the Dariali Gorge, and Mtskheta town and bridge. Overall a very good collection of iconic views of Northern Caucasus.


[Album with 27 Original Photographs of the Exteriors and Interiors of the Imperial School of Jurisprudence, Titled:] Imperatorskoye Uchilishche Pravovedeniya, 1897-1898.

Saint Petersburg: Oblong Quarto (ca. 25,5x34 cm), Ca. 1898. Twenty-seven albumen prints mounted on recto of card stock leaves, including twelve large images ca. 16,5x 22,5 cm (6 ½ x 8 ¾ in), the rest are ca. 11,5x17 cm or (4 ½ x 6 ¾ in). No captions. Original full sheep maroon album with gilt lettered title of the front board, moiré endpapers, all edges gilt (faded). Paper label of the bindery of A. Abe (Nevsky Prospect, Saint Petersburg) on verso of the front free endpaper. Binding loose on hinges, mounts age toned and slightly soiled, several images mildly faded, one with a minor scratch, but overall a very good album.
Rare keepsake album with large photos of the Russian Imperial School of Jurisprudence – one of the most prestigious colleges in pre-revolutionary Russia specializing in law and state administration. The photos include a general view of the school taken from the Fontanka River embankment, images of the front entrance and the inner yard, and numerous views of the interiors: the main hall with the school’s device “Respice Finem” above the monument to Alexander II, the college church, classrooms, halls, corridors, musical room, gym, dining room, kitchen, reading room, several views of the dormitories, shower room, and boiler room. Students, teachers, and servants present on most photos (posing for the camera or reading, playing piano, et al.).
“The Imperial School of Jurisprudence (Russian: Императорское училище правоведения) was, along with the Page Corps, the most prestigious school for boys in Saint Petersburg, the capital of the Russian Empire. The school for would-be imperial administrators was founded by Duke Peter of Oldenburg in 1835. The classes were accommodated in six buildings along the Fontanka Quay. The premises were extensively renovated in 1893–95 and 1909–10, when the main building acquired its distinctive cupola. After the October Revolution of 1917, the school was disbanded, but its memory survives in the nursery rhyme about Chizhik-Pyzhik. Among the instructors were the leading lawyers of Imperial Russia, such as Anatoly Koni and Włodzimierz Spasowicz. Boys studied in the school for six or seven years. The graduates of the School of Jurisprudence include Ivan Aksakov, Aleksey Apukhtin, Konstantin Pobedonostsev, Vladimir Stasov, Vladimir Nabokov, Pyotr Tchaikovsky and his younger brother Modest Tchaikovsky” (Wikipedia).


49. [SPAIN]
[Collection of Fifty-Five Original Drawings of Cities and Villages in Spain and French Basque Country (Ainhoa), Including Madrid, Valencia, Murcia, Spanish Basque Country (Hondarribia/Fuenterrabia, San Sebastian), Navarre Region (Elizondo, Pamplona, Zugarramurdi, Elvetea), Catalonia Region (Barcelona, Sant Cugat del Vallès,Rubi, Monistrol, Montserrat Mountain range, Martorell, Sabadell, Girona, Banyoles, Llagostera, San Julian de Ramis, Tarragona, Reus), and Andalusia Region (Malaga, Ronda, Seville, Granada)].

Ca. 1928-1930. Fifty-five drawings of various size, from ca. 21,5x31 cm (8 ½ x 12 ¼ in) to ca. 22x16 cm (8 ½ x 6 ¼ in). Pencil, sometimes heightened in ink, on white, blueish, and brownish paper, the majority with tissue guards. All drawings are captioned and/or dated in pencil on the margins, fifteen also signed “V.F.R.” in pencil; over twenty drawings with additional short or detailed descriptions in English on verso. A couple of drawings with minor tears, creases or chips on extremities, but overall a very good collection.
Large collection of attractive drawings showing over twenty cities and towns in Spain, not long before the beginning of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). The drawings were executed by a British artist with the signature “V.F.R.” Very interesting are the views of the Spanish and French Basque Country, small towns in the Navarre region, streets of Barcelona, Montserrat Mountain Range, two drawings of the Ibero-American Exposition in Seville (9 May 1929 - 21 June 1930) – Guatemala pavilion, and full size replica of Columbus’s “Santa Maria” ship on the Guadalquivir River, and others.
The artist journey through Spain starts with sixteen beautiful general and street views of Ainhoa in the French Basque Country (Pyrénées-Atlantiques department), dated 13-31 May 1928, including that of the “Ohantzea Hotel (rear view)”. There are also two drawings of the Spanish Basque Country (dated June-July 1928), showing Hondarribia/Fuenterrabia (“tower of the Church as seen from the stone-flagged terrace of the old royal palace of Carlos V”), and San Sebastian (church in the Zubieta village nearby, now city neighbourhood). Eight views show the Navarre province of Spain (dated May-June 1928) - Elizondo, Pamplona, Zugarramurdi, and Elvetea towns.
In February-May 1929 the artist visited Catalonia, the collection includes twenty-four views of the region, including those of Barcelona (Calle de Consulado, Calle de Jesus Y Maria, San Pablo del Campo church, steamer Rey D. Jaime I at the embankment, “felucca Jn. Amalia unloading locust beans (alcarob)” steamers in the city port); Sant Cugat del Vallès (town church),Rubi (Plaza de José Palet), Monistrol (a view of the Montserrat mountain range from Calle Don Julian), Montserrat mountain range (“Cap of Liberty peak” taken from San Juan, Roman bridge at Castellbell), Martorell (Hamilcar Arch), Sabadell (street view), Girona (four city views, church of Sant Feliu), Banyoles (Santa Maria church), Llagostera (general view), San Julian de Ramis (font in church), Tarragona (view from the “Balcony of the Mediterranean”), and Reus (San Pedro church from Calle de la Abadia).
The next year started with a journey to Madrid in January 1930 (with a drawing of Plaza and Church of el Carmen with Mercado de Abastos in front). In February-March 1930 the artist travelled across Andalusia (12 views), depicting Malaga (Calle Cabello, Palo beach with typical fishing feluccas, El Chorro village, entrance to Gaitanes Gorge near El Chorro), Ronda, Seville (Triana village, now city neighbourhood; San Telmo Bridge “new opening bridge being built over r. Guadalquivir”; “wheel well near Macarena” – 2 views; replica of Columbus’s ship “Santa Maria” taken “from the bridge by the Expo’s grounds”, Guatemala pavilion of the Ibero-American Expo); and Granada (street view). There are also three drawings dated April 1930 - two views of Valencia (Las Torres de Quart, street views), and one of Murcia (Iglesia de Jesus). Overall a beautiful collection of drawings, with some unusual interesting views of Spain and France.


[Album with Over 160 Real Photo Postcards and Over 40 Printed Postcards Collected by a German Private Willy Strobel during his Service on the Eastern Front of WW1, Including Views of the Oginski Canal in Western Belarus; Kovel, Gonczy Brod and Holoby in Western Ukraine, Warsaw Forts in Poland, and Kharkov in Eastern Ukraine after its Occupation by German Troops in April 1918].

Ca. 1916-1918. Folio (ca. 41x25 cm). 40 card stock leaves (several blank). Over 160 real photo postcards and over 40 printed postcards mounted on the album leaves; the majority with period manuscript notes or letters on verso, many dated and with “Feldpost” ink stamps on verso. Original green quarter cloth album with decorative papered boards. Album slightly rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, several images slightly faded or with minor silvering, but overall a very good album.
Historically interesting extensive collection of real photo and printed postcards illustrating life on the German side of the Eastern front of WW1 – in Poland, western Belarus, and western Ukraine in 1916-1918. The postcards were sent home by Willy Strobel, a resident of Plauen (Saxony) and a soldier of the Saxon Landwehr Infantry Regiment # 107. The real photo postcards were taken by Strobel or one of his comrades and appear to have been made in the regiment; the majority contain Strobel’s notes on rectos or versos describing time and place where the photos were taken, or more detailed notes to his family in Plauen.
The real photo postcards include numerous group portraits of German soldiers and officers taken in trenches, in front of dugouts (one with a sign “Plauner Hütte”, another one with a sign “Villa Blicke Dich”), next to a field kitchen, an unexploded bomb, or a machine gun, lining in front of a street sausage shop, standing inside a robbed Orthodox church, posing in a soccer uniform, while peeling potatoes, et al.; several images have their names marked. Among the interesting images is a series of views of the Oginsky Canal (modern Pinsk Region, western Belarus), dated 1916. The Canal was seriously damaged during the WW1 when all hydro technical constructions were destroyed; it was reconstructed in the interwar period when western Belarus was a part of Poland, destroyed again in 1942, and was never repaired afterwards. The real photo postcards show German soldiers posing on a bridge across the Oginsky Canal and crossing it in boats, a soldier reading “Zwickauer Neueste Nachrichten” (Saxon newspaper) on the Canal; Willy Strobel at “Oginski stellung” in March 1916, and others. A group of real photo postcards dated 1917 shows the town of Kovel in western Ukraine (modern Volyn oblast) and several nearby villages - Gonczy Brod (Го́нчий Брід), Holoby (Голо́би), and Stary Mosor. Very interesting are the images of the German military headquarters in Holoby (housed in a manor characterized by Strobel as the “Tsars’ hunting palace!”), scene of explosion of a Catholic church of St. Michael in Holoby in July 1917 (a later printed postcard from the album shows the church with the destroyed bell tower), a photo of a military orchestra rehearsing in Holoby, and others. Several views of Gonczy Brod show the village church, streets, and German military headquarters in February 1917. There are also interesting photo views of Warsaw forts, destroyed railway bridge, 15 cm Langrohr gun from the Lehmann battery, portraits of local peasants and others. Most notable is a group of real photo postcards showing Kharkiv in eastern Ukraine, occupied by German army in April 1918; the images dated June-July 1918 show city streets, market square, and railway station in Kuryazh near Kharkov where Strobel was apparently stationed.
Printed postcards issued by Dr. Trenkier & Co. (Leipzig), Paul Malbrieh (Bremen), Rassvet (Kyev), VW (Warsaw), Wendt Groll (Marienwerder), A. Lange (Leipzig-Connewitz), and others, show Warsaw, Kovel, Holoby, Kharkiv, Brest-Litovsk, Borovichi (Belarus), pontoon bridge near Pinsk (Belarus), front scenes, Ukrainian and Russian countryside, local black storks and others. Overall a very interesting content rich collection.


51. [WORLD - GAME]
[French Folding Board Game Titled:] La Course Autour du Monde [Race Around the World].

[France], ca. 1860. Hand coloured lithograph ca. 44,5x70 cm, folding into two parts, with a brown linen hinge and mounted on blue patterned papered cardboard. The playing surface with a couple mild minor stains on extremities, otherwise a very good game.
This rare children’s board game was issued in the mid 19th century, a time when the idea of travelling around the world became a popular desire of the wider population. A map of the world is in the centre of the board and the participants must travel around the world to win the game. The game consists of fifty playing fields each connected to a latitudinal section of the world. A man in a turtle drawn chariot, a whaling scene, a man on an early bicycle, a ship at sea, an erupting volcano, a steam engine, a steam ship, a hot air balloon, a horse and rider, an onboard ship scene, and a bear on ice are the pictorial illustrations surrounding the world map. Overall an attractive early travel around the world board game.

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