November 2012 - New Acquisitions and Stock Highlights - Part 1


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1. [ADEN]
[Large Panoramic Unsigned British School Watercolour of Aden].

[Aden], ca. 1845. Matted watercolour on thick paper ca. 26x77 cm (10 x 30 ½ in). Margins strengthened and with a couple of repaired tears and some old crease marks, but still an attractive and impressive watercolour.
An interesting and important early and large panoramic watercolour view of Aden including the port, British military installations and town from the early period of British control.

"In 1609 the Ascension was the first English ship to visit Aden, before sailing on to Mocha during the Fourth voyage of the East India Company. After Ottoman rule, Aden was ruled by the Sultanate of Lahej, under suzerainty of the Zaidi imams of Yemen. Aden was at this time a small village with a population of 600 Arabs, Somalis, Jews and Indians housed for the most part in huts of reed matting erected among ruins recalling a vanished era of wealth and prosperity. Haines stated that it could become a major trading centre and the latter part of the British period proved him correct with Aden growing to become one of the busiest ports in the world.

In 1838, Sultan Muhsin bin Fadl of the nearby state of Lahej ceded 194 km² (75 sq. Miles) including Aden to the British. On 19 January 1839, the British East India Company landed Royal Marines at Aden to occupy the territory and stop attacks by pirates against British shipping to India. The port lies about equidistant from the Suez Canal, Bombay (now Mumbai), and Zanzibar, which were all important British possessions. Aden had been an entrepôt and a way-station for seamen in the ancient world. There, supplies, particularly water, were replenished. So, in the mid-19th century, it became necessary to replenish coal and boiler water. Thus Aden acquired a coaling station at Steamer Point. Aden was to remain under British control until 1967" (Wikipedia).

2. [ALASKA PHOTOGRAPHS]
[Five Original Photographs of Alaskan Natives in Their Dwellings and on Board an American Vessel, Including a Group Portrait of the Vessel’s Captain and Crew].

Alaska, ca. 1880. Four photographs ca. 10,5x 16,5 cm (4 ¼ x 6 ½ in), and one larger photograph ca. 13 x 21,5 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ½ in). All photographs mounted on board and with period ink captions on verso. Overall very good strong photographs.
A collection of early interesting photographs of Inuit on board an American vessel including a view of the deck with over 20 Inuit and a crew member, group portraits of two Inuit families, a close up portrait of Captain Crofft and six members of the crew and a larger photograph of three Inuit on shore with wickiups and sledges in the background. This collection most likely documents an early American trading voyage to the Berings Strait.

3. [ALASKA, PHOTOGRAPHS]
[Album with 99 Original Photographs from a Voyage Including 72 Photos of Alaska and the Yukon, and 27 Studio images from Travels to Italy, Austria, USSR, Germany, France, Spain and Lebanon; With Two Colour Printed Postcards of Alaskan Views].

Alaska etc., ca. 1925. Quarto (ca. 27x19 cm). 26 stiff card leaves. Images ca. 9,5x12 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ¾ in), all with custom made paper labels with manuscript ink captions mounted on the left lower corners of the photos numbered ‘6100’-‘6198’. Period style black half straight-grained morocco with gilt tooled spine and cloth boards. Some leaves are separating on margins, a few with minor cracks at hinges, but overall a very good album.

Interesting collection of Alaskan travel photos including Alaskan scenery, panoramas and street views of Alaskan cities, several images of the White Pass and Yukon Route Railway, steamers on the Yukon river, portraits of native people, totem poles in Alert Bay et al. The Alaskan scenery is shown in a series of glacier views in the vicinity of Juneau: Taku Inlet, Taku River and Taku Glacier, Twin Glacier (with nice bird-eyes view), Mendenhall River and Glacier, two images of Alaskan volcanoes - Vent Mountain and "Active volcano packed in ice" and others. Another group of images shows the pristine nature of Cook Inlet and Prince William Sound: Cape Resurrection, Turnagain Arm, Columbia Glacier and Mt. McKinley. There are also images of Lynn Canal near Skagway, Stikine River, Atlin Lake and Atlin Mountain with a nice view of Atlin Inn on the lake’s shore; Seal Rocks and Spencer Glacier near Dawson et al.

The urban photos include panoramas of Dawson, Seward, Wrangell, White Horse, Anchorage and Skagway; and nice street scenes of Wrangell, Nenana, Anchorage (government hospital), Fort Yukon (the hotel), Skagway (sightseeing bus, dog team in the street in summer) and Dawson (main street, "Robert Service Cabin"). Several spectacular images of the White Pass and Yukon Route Railway show the White Pass, Sawtooth Mountains and the Loop. There are images of the Yukon River, with a cantilever bridge, Five Finger rapids, Miles Canyon (Yukon); several river steamers are also shown - "Casca." SS "Yukon" in Seward, "Tutshi," and several vessels in a steamer dock in Nenana.

The album has some nice images of Alaskan native people, including a family drying fish in the background, images of dog teams, children, totem poles in Alert Bay, "prehistoric rock carving, Alaska," "Tongas deserted village," "Black dog ready for trail" et al. There is also a good image of American fishermen loading fish on a vessel "Shipload of fish," and a portrait of a hiker having a rest on "the great rock" - likely, the portrait of the author of the album or a friend of his.
Several studio shots include a portrait of President Harding (1865-1923), images of kayaks in Greenland, Alaskan pilots "getting ready for flight," "The Trail of 1890" and others. The collection from the travels to Europe contains images of Renaissance paintings taken in Italy, views of Vienna, Moscow (Central Telegraph, Kremlin), Leningrad (Government Department store, Lenin Institute), Kiev (City Museum, Convent), Jena (glass factory), Versailles, Heidelberg (student procession), Sorbonne, Berlin, Baalbec and Alhambra.

4. [ALEXANDER VON BUNGE EXPEDITION 1889]
[Unique Collection of 23 Original Photographs Documenting the Investigation of the Wreck of the Russian Coast Guard Ship Kreiserok in the Vicinity of Cape Soya, Northwestern Hokkaido].

Ca. 1889. One photograph ca. 16,5x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in), eighteen photographs, ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and four smaller photographic portraits of the Kreiser’s crew, ca. 11x8 cm (4 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) mounted on card leaves of different sizes. The majority of photographs with pencil captions in Danish on the lower margins of the mounts. Minor foxing of the mounts, but overall a very good collection.
This important photographic collection documents the search expedition of the Russian Navy to the northwestern Hokkaido in November 1889 - January 1890. The purpose was to investigate the fate of the shipwreck of the Russian coast guard schooner Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") which was in service on the coast of Tyuleniy Island (in the Sea of Okhotsk, 19 km to the south of Cape Patience (Mys Terpeniya), on the eastern Sakhalin coast) protecting against poachers and disappeared in a storm on the 26th of October, 1889.

The wreck of Kreiserok was discovered by Japanese on the shore next to village Wakkanai, in the vicinity of Cape Soya, the northernmost point of Hokkaido, 43 km away across the Laperouse Strait from Sakhalin Island. The Russian consulate informed the Pacific Squadron of the Russian Navy which wintered in Nagasaki, and the Squadron Commander rear admiral Vladimir Schmidt sent the investigation expedition on clipper Kreiser ("Cruiser") to ascertain whether the wreck was indeed the Kreiserok.
The expedition under the leadership of renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor Alexander von Bunge (1851-1930) included Lt. V.N. Bukharin and other Russian mariners, as well as Japanese officials and translators. The party reached the place of the wreck with great difficulties because of heavy snowfalls and strong winds. They examined what left of the schooner - a part of stern with steering wheel and the right side with both masts. Two ship’s boats, the flag and the board with the ship’s name were discovered, as well as a body of a sailor (Fedor Ivanov). None of the crew members was rescued, obviously there were no survivors. The cause of the disaster wasn’t determined, but it was assumed that the ship wrecked because of the ice formation on Kreiserok’s hull and rigging during strong storm, winds and low temperatures.

This photograph collection, assembled by the Danish member of Kreiser’s crew, Lt. C.M.T. Cold (who also captioned most of the images), includes eleven images of the Kreiserok wreck on shore with all parts of the schooner's remains clearly visible. Five images show the surrounding coast and a Japanese settlement, covered with deep snow. The majority of the pictures from the wreckage also show the expedition members, with Alexander Bunge present on five pictures, and possibly V. Bukharin and Lt. Cold present at least on six pictures; several pictures show the Japanese members, and two images are group portraits of all expedition members. Five pictures are dedicated to the clipper Kreiser including four portraits of its crew members, and a view of Kreiser in the harbour of Nagasaki, the latter was reproduced in: Krestianinov, V.I. Cruisers of the Russian Imperial Navy, 1856-1917. Part 1. SPb., 2003 (Крестьянинов, В.Я. Крейсера Российского Императорского флота, 1856-1917. Ч. I. СПб, 2003).

The monument erected in 1897 in Vladivostok in memory of Kreiserok and its crew became the first monument of Vladivostok and the first official memorial on the Pacific to Russian naval mariners who perished on duty.
Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") was a coast guard schooner of the Russian Imperial Navy. Tonnage 15 t., length 24 m., width 8 m., draught 2.13 m. Built in 1884 in Seattle, before 1886 - American schooner "Henrietta." In 1886 it was confiscated by the Russian clipper "Kreiser" for poaching in the Russian waters of the Bering Sea. In 1887 under command of lieutenant Tsvangman it carried out hydrographical survey of the Amur estuary. On the 14th of May 1888 it was renamed after the clipper "Kreiser" and became a coast guard vessel of the Tyuleniy Island (the Sea of Okhotsk). In October 1889 during its service on the island’s coast it captured American poaching schooner Rose and prepared to escort it to Vladivostok, but instead wrecked in a storm with the entire crew perishing. A cape and a bay in the Possiet Gulf (Peter the Great Gulf of the Sea of Japan) were named after it.

Alexander von Bunge was a renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor of medicine and zoologist, a son of famous botanist Alexander von Bunge (1803-1890). He participated in the expeditions to the mouth of the River Lena (1882-84), Yenisey River (1892-95), Spitsbergen (1900) et al; he headed the expedition to the New Siberian Islands (1885-86). Von Bunge’s meteorological observations were used by F. Nansen during his famous Fram expedition. An island in the Arctic Ocean (Bunge Land), a peninsula on the Russky Island (Nordenskiöld Archipelago), glaciers on Spitsbergen and Novaya Zemlya, and a mountain on Spitsbergen were named after him.

5. [BRITISH COLUMBIA MAP]
[Large Folding Colour Map, Titled:] British Columbia, Manitoba and the Northwest Territories.

London: Edward Stanford, ca. 1910. Colour printed map ca. 53x77 cm (20 ¾ x 30 ¼ in).scale 83,25 English statute miles to 1 inch; in sections and linen-backed. Housed in the original publisher's red cloth covers with a printed paper label "London Atlas Map of British Columbia" on the front cover. The map is in near fine condition, with two contemporary pencil and ink marginalia on the left margin and two signatures (on the label and inside the covers): "F. Wickham. 1912."
A map from Edward Stanford’s "London Atlas of Universal Geography." First published in the 1880's, the atlas is considered Stanford’s (senior) last significant work before his retirement. Later editions were revised in keeping with the latest information.
Period manuscript marginalia on our copy of the map gives it an interesting connection to Alaska: the ink note curiously mentions "Kodiak Island - the largest bears in the world," but the pencil note reads "Shushanna" and points to the location on the map of notorious Chisana (or Shushanna), the site of the last great gold rush in Alaska. Considering the manuscript date "1912" on the map, its owner most likely also travelled through Alaska and was aware of the Chisana Gold Rush or even participated in it.
"It was the discovery of gold in Chisana (pronounced Shooshana) that began the last great gold rush in Alaska. In 1913, thousands of stampeders made the treacherous journey through rugged country by whatever means possible to reach the new found mining district (Chisana is located in a remote valley between the Nutzotin and Wrangell Mountains). The settlement soon became known as "the largest log cabin town in the world." This was a short boom, only lasting a few years, but an important part of the history of this area.
Despite the hardships, several thousand stampeders reached the Chisana diggings. Those that stayed eventually established two communities: Chisana City, situated just east of the Chisana River, and Bonanza City, located at the mouth of Bonanza Creek. Local miners never made that long-expected strike. The district's boom was brief, and by the mid 1920s both communities were largely abandoned" (Chisana Historical Site/ US National Park Service on-line).

6. [CHARCOT, Jean-Baptiste] (1867 - 1936)
[Charcot French Antarctic Expedition: Collection of Ninety-Nine Glass Stereo Positive Slides Showing Images from the Charcot French Antarctic Expedition with the Ship Français Which Explored the West Coast of Graham Land, Antarctica from 1904 until 1905].

Graham Land, Antarctica, 1904-1905. Ninety-nine glass stereo positive slides, each 4,5x11 cm (1 ¾ x4 ¼ n). The glass stereo positive slides are generally in very good condition and housed in a custom made wooden box. Several slides with chips affecting images, otherwise a very good collection.

The generally strong images of these lecture stereo slides of this early land exploration of the Antarctic continent show the Antarctic terrain, caves, ice bergs, camp life, scientific studies and activities, penguins and the ship 'Francais.'

"Jean-Baptiste Charcot was appointed leader of the French Antarctic Expedition with the ship Français which explored the west coast of Graham Land from 1904 until 1905. The expedition reached Adelaide Island in 1905 and took pictures of the Palmer Archipelago and Loubet Coast. They roughly surveyed the SW coast of Anvers Island in 1904.., [Then] Loubet Land was explored in January 1905 and named after Émile Loubet, the then President of France.., Logistics support for this expedition was provided by the Argentine Navy, employing the legendary corvette ARA Uruguay" (Wikipedia). "Charcot returned to a hero's welcome. The expedition had lost not a single life, almost a thousand miles of coast had been charted, and the first accurate map of the western archipelago of Graham Land had been compiled" (Howgego 1850-1940, Polar Regions C8).

7. [COUNEAU, E.]
A Madame Ernest Callot. Biskra. Quatorze Eaux-Fortes Gravées sur des Dessins Originaux. Souvenir d'une Excursion en Algérie [Mrs. Ernest Callot. Biskra. Fourteen Etchings Drawings Originals Engraved on a Trip to Algeria].

1881. First Edition Signed Presentation copy. Folio. [iv] pp. With fourteen full page engravings. Original light brown printed paper wrappers. Spine renewed in style, otherwise a very good copy.

Very rare work as only one copy found in Worldcat. Inscribed by the author "Souvenir Amical a L'Auteur a M Teiloz, La Rochelle le 30 Mars 1911 E. Couneau." The well executed engravings illustrate scenes around Biskra, "the capital city of Biskra province, Algeria.., During Roman times the town was called Vescera, though this may have been simply a Latin transliteration of the native name. Around 200 AD under Septimius Severus' reign, it was seized by the Romans and became part of the province of Numidia. As a major settlement in the border region, it was significant even then. Its name was apparently bowdlerized by the Romans to Ad Piscīnam ("at the piscīna"), implying the presence of important waterworks" (Wikipedia).

8. [EGYPT & BURMA PHOTOGRAPHS]
[Photograph Album With 28 Mounted Original Photographs of Egypt and Burma (Six Egypt & Twenty-Two Burma); With]a Mounted Lithographed Plan of the Suez Canal].

[Egypt & Burma], ca. 1880. Oblong Folio. 58 leaves. With 28 original mounted photographs. Photos each ca. 20x24 cm (8 x 9 ½ in). Period style brown gilt tooled half morocco with marbled boards. A very good album.

The strong images of this interesting album include: Tewfik Pasha, Port Said and the Suez Canal, Egyptian ladies reclining and various scenes in Burma including Yangoon, Burmese temples, an ox cart with passengers, a working elephant, A Burmese boat on a river, a Burmese family, a Burmese theatre, weavers, and Burmese young men and women.

The album includes early photographs of Port Said and the Suez Canal which "opened to shipping on 17 November 1869. Although numerous technical, political, and financial problems had been overcome, the final cost was more than double the original estimate.

The opening was performed by Khedive Ismail of Egypt and Sudan, and at Ismail's invitation French Empress Eugenie in the Imperial yacht Aigle, piloted by Napolean Coste who was bestowed by the Khedive the Order of the Medjidie" (Wikipedia). The rest of the album shows British Burma. "With the fall of Mandalay, all of Burma came under British rule, being annexed on 1 January 1886. Throughout the colonial era, many Indians arrived as soldiers, civil servants, construction workers and traders and, along with the Anglo-Burmese community, dominated commercial and civil life in Burma. Rangoon became the capital of British Burma and an important port between Calcutta and Singapore"(Wikipedia).

9. [FIRST ANGLO-BURMESE WAR 1824-1826]
[DUNLOP, William?] (1806-1827)
[Manuscript Diary of a Cadet of the Infantry, Bengal Establishment, East India Company, Giving an Extensive Eye-Witness Account of the First Anglo-Burmese War].

February 19, 1824 - March 5, 1826. Octavo (20x15,5 cm). 99, [9], [39 blank] pp. Brown ink on laid paper watermarked 1817-1818; ruled. Complete text in legible hand writing. Period full vellum with marbled endpapers. Binding soiled and damaged at head of the spine, otherwise a very good manuscript.
This private diary of an East India Company Cadet of the Infantry gives a detailed eye-witness account of the First Anglo-Burmese War 1824-1826, with contemporary reports about the Barrackpore Mutiny (November 2, 1824), the latter is "generally regarded as a dress rehearsal for the Indian Mutiny of 1857 because of its similar combination of Indian grievances against the British, caste feeling, and the ineptitude of its handling" (Encyclopaedia Britannica).

The narration starts with the author’s departure from England and after a captivating description of the voyage and the stay in Cape Town proceeds to the events of the Burmese war, covering it to the end and further (the war finished on February 24, 1826). The young author, only 18 years old, was attached to the 52nd regiment Native Infantry of the Bengal Establishment of the Company’s Army and spent the war years in Sylhet and Chittagong. He vividly discusses all news and troop movements, and speculates about the forthcoming events, eagerly waiting for the moment when he will "have a share in the glorious struggle" (5 November 1824, p. 49). The diary gives interesting notes on the War’s main events, including the defeat of Burmese by the army under Archibald Campbell and the taking of Arracan, with a grave remark about the Barrackpore Mutiny: "The Stability of out possessions in Hindustan depend so much on the fidelity of the Sepoys, that if the least appearance of Mutiny or disaffection is not followed with instantaneous and inevitable punishment to the aggressors, and rewards are not the constant concomitant of fidelity on their parts, we may very soon see our own discipline and bayonets turned against us, endeavoring to wrest from us our dominions" (p. 50).

The author’s notes about garrison life are dispersed with interesting observations about local landscape, rivers and unhealthy climate, he reports about numerous depredations by tigers, native Sepoys dying in great quantities, and an earthquake; and often reflects on difficulties of the war for the Company and its military consequences: "The several states on our western frontier are equally disposed to throw off their allegiance to our Government, and at the least reverse of fortune in the Burmah War, the whole of India will be in flame"(p. 54).
Interesting is his remark on the rivers of the region which are "the natural boundaries of our immense empire, & which I think ought not to have been crossed by us, for the possession of a few paltry districts. There are natural Military boundaries for almost every state" (p. 86-87)
The probable author of the diary is William Dunlop, who according to "Alphabetical List of the Officers of the Bengal Army" became a Cadet of the Bengal Establishment of the East-India Company in 1825; cornet, ensign or second lieutenant - on 28 Dec, 1825 and died in November 1827 at Jubbulpore (See: Alphabetical List of the Officers of the Bengal Army; with the dates of their respective promotion, retirement, resignation, or death - 1760-1834. London: Longman, Orme, Brown and Co, 1838, p. 92-93).
The author of the diary gives his exact date of birth: ‘17 June 1806’ (entry from 17 June 1824) and mentions his uncle, ‘Major Dunlop’ (30 December 1824), who could be Colonel William Dunlop (1785-1841), Quarter-Master General of East-India Company. According to the "Alphabetical List of Officers of the Bengal Army," he was promoted to Major on 1 May 1824 (p. 86-87), thus the person mentioned by the author of the diary could be him.

10. [GERMAN NEW GUINEA, PHOTOGRAPHS]
[Album with 27 Original Photographs Showing the Imperial German Navy Cruiser SMS Bussard During its Service in German New Guinea, including Views and Scenes in Samoa, Bismarck Archipelago, Marshall Islands, as well as Australian Cooktown, Jervis Bay and Lord Howe Island].

South Pacific, 1895-1896. Oblong Octavo (ca. 21x24 cm). The photographs are mounted on fifteen stiff card leaves. The majority are larger photos ca. 14,5x19,5 cm (5 ½ x 7 ½ in), with seven smaller photos ca. 10,5x14,5 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). More than half of the images are captioned and dated in negative on the lower margins. Period brown half sheep album with olive cloth boards and new endpapers. Leaves with mild foxing and slightly waved, two with cut of corners not affecting images, one leaf cracked on hinge but still holding. Some images slightly faded, but overall the images are sharp and bright. A very good album.

An interesting collection of vivid photographs showing the German Imperial cruiser SMS Bussard on duty in German New Guinea and neighbouring waters. SMS Bussard, launched in 1890, was built especially for station service in the German colonies. In 1892-1899 she served in the German Pacific territories, sometimes being used as a transport for the police forces to suppress native rebellions; in 1900 she participated in suppressing the Boxer Rebellion in China. And was stationed in Tsingtao until 1904; later she served in the German East African colonies. At the time when the photos were taken SMS Bussard was under the command of K.K. Winkler (September 1895-January 1898; see more in Wikipedia, World Naval Ship Forums).

The album documents SMS Bussard’s service from November 1895 to November 1896 and includes photos taken in the German Bismarck Archipelago: Matupi and Herbertshöhe (now Kokopo) on New Britain; and Mankai and Nusa (now Kavieng) on New Ireland. The German Marshall Islands are shown with images from Nauru Island and Jaluit and Arno atolls. There are also photos of future German Samoa (Apia and Pago Pago), and Australian Cooktown, Jervis Bay, Lord Howe Island and possibly Sydney.

The images show SMS Bussard at different locations in the South Pacific, including an image with her and two other ships of the German Imperial Navy near Jaluit, a photo of her in a harbour (apparently, Sydney) and while under repair in a dry dock. Vivid images taken on board of Bussard show torpedo exercises in Jervis Bay, a classical scene of trading with the natives in canoes nearing the ship; a scene of loading a cow to Bussard from a small vessel et al. There are a few portraits of the crew members posing on the deck with a shark, on the beach in Jervis Bay, in a native village or while operating with shells in Matupi. Very interesting is a group portrait of the members of the native armed forces taken on Bussard’s deck near Herbertshöhe; they are half naked, but wearing caps and armed with guns; a white senior officer also presents. Several pictures show native families, their huts and a village.

Three photos taken at Apia are dedicated to the infamous 1889 Apia cyclone which swept across Samoa on March 15, 1889 during the Samoan crisis. "7 ships from Germany, the US, and Britain refused to leave harbor while a typhoon was clearly approaching, lest the first moved would lose face. All the ships were sunk, except the British cruiser Calliope, which barely managed to leave port at 1 mile per hour and ride out the storm. Nearly 200 American and German lives were lost, as well as 6 ships sunk or beyond repair" (Wikipedia).
Two photos show shipwrecks in the harbour of Apia - most likely German vessels SMS Adler and SMS Eber, both wrecked and sunk. Another large photograph shows a monument to the victims of the hurricane, one plaque clearly reads "Adler," a smaller tomb stone leaning over the monument is dedicated to "Unsere Sohn Hans Sieger."

11. [GERMAN SOUTH WEST AFRICA PHOTOGRAPHS]
[Photograph Album Titled:] Zur Erinnerung an Meinen Aufenthalt in Deutsch-Suedwest Afrika [In Memory of my Stay in German-South-West Africa].

[Namibia], 1906-7. Folio. 25 stiff card leaves. With 104 original photographs, the majority ca, 13x18 cm (5x7 in). Period olive gilt titled cloth boards. Front bottom hinge with minor split, and several photographs with various degrees of fading, otherwise a very good album.

With an ownership inscription on the inside front cover. The images include several by the photographer Fellhauer who captioned and dated his images in negative. The images include scenes from Windhuk to Swakopmund and the territory in between (central western Nambia) and also several images of indigenous peoples (Ovambo and Herero) are included. The images were taken during the height of the Herero and Namaqua uprising. "It took place between 1904 and 1907 in German South-West Africa (modern day Namibia), during the scramble for Africa.

On January 12, 1904, the Herero people, led by Samuel Maharero, rebelled against German colonial rule. In August, German general Lothar von Trotha defeated the Herero in the Battle of Waterberg and drove them into the desert of Omaheke, where most of them died of thirst. In October, the Nama people also rebelled against the Germans only to suffer a similar fate" (Wikipedia).

12. [GERMAN SOUTH-WEST AFRICA PHOTOGRAPHS]
[Album with Sixty Original Photographs of German South-West Africa and 36 Printed Postcards and Magazine Clippings, Titled:] Zur Erinnerung an die Kriegsjahre 1904-1905 in Deutsch-Südwestafrika [In Memory of the War Years 1904-1905 in German South-West Africa].

[Namibia], Ca. 1905. Folio (ca. 37x24 cm). 26 card stock leaves. Over 40 large original photos ca. 13x18 cm (5x7 in) or slightly smaller (the printed materials are of the same size); and 18 postcard size photos ca. 9x12 cm (3 ½ x 4 ¾ in). The majority of large images with period manuscript ink or pencil captions. Period maroon cloth album, neatly rebacked. Gilt tooled title on the front cover. Cover with mildly bumped corners, some images slightly faded, one leaf with the paper frame detached from the mount, but overall a very good album.

Early and important collection of photographs from the German colony in South-West Africa (modern Namibia), taken during the cruel military suppression of the Herero and Namaqua uprising against the German rule in 1904-1905. The strong images focus on the German military forces, showing soldiers from the "Seebattalion" with rifles, officers on camels, arrival of the official delegation to a railroad station with German soldiers standing and local children observing; artillery staff with a cannon, soldiers at the Teufelsbach railroad station; a field camp with German soldiers resting next to their tent; a field kitchen - "Feldkushe im D.S.W.Africa" (captioned in negative); a group of soldiers posing next to the monument dedicated to the Germans which died during the first Witbooi uprising 1893-94 et al. There are also several images from a military post in Okahandja, the epicentre of the uprising, views of the local German cemetery and a German building burnt during the unrest.

Other photographs show a group of native people in traditional and European dress, a family of the local chief, two images of the "indigenous lazareth", a desert railroad with a train; African scenery in the vicinity of Okahandja with domestic herds gazing, and apparently a German farm.

25 printed photo postcards show the Namibian landscapes of Okawango, Waterberg, Owamboland, Outjo, Omaruru fort, Keetmanshoop city, farms in Ongeama and Voigtland; several portraits of native families and groups from Owamboland and Otavi, and a native postman. There are several postcards with hunting scenes: hunters on Kunene River, hunted leopard, Gemsbock and Rindbock antelopes, postcards showing ostriches, and a bird of prey (Raubvogel). The printed clippings are generally dedicated to native people of Namibia and show different family groups, women, warriors, a chief, scenes of dancing, cooking et al.

13. [GROTEWAHL, Max] (1894-1958)
[GERMAN SPITSBERGEN EXPEDITION 1925]
[A Unique Collection of Fifty-One Photographs Taken by the Official Expedition Photographer Walter Ankersen].

Spitsbergen, ca. 1925. 51 photographs, image size ca. 8,5x11 cm (3 ½ x4 ¼ in). All ink stamped on verso "Deutsche Spitsbergen Expedition 1925," and Ankersen’s stamp "Dr. W. Ankersen, Nürnberg"; twenty six with the stamp "Archiv für Polarforschung"; thirty three with the stamp of the expedition leader "Max Grotewahl, Kiel." Ten photos with period pencil or ink captions in German. All pictures numbered variously several times (stamped or by hand). Overall a very good collection.
The German Spitsbergen Expedition (July - September 1925) under command of Max Grotewahl was stationed in the Magdalena Bay region in northwestern Spitsbergen and included Walter Ankersen (photographer), Fritz Biller (cinematographer), and Rudolf Jupitz (geologist and biologist). The expedition's purpose was to conduct geophysical and meteorological research (including measurements of the glaciers, ocean depths and tides), and conduct a cartographic survey of Spitsbergen's northwestern coast, to collect plants, birds and insects for the Munich state collection and to test new polar equipment.

The expedition members traversed northwestern Spitsbergen, travelling from the Magdalena Bay to the Liefde Bay through the Waggonway, Grand and Ida glaciers. On the way they made first ascents of six Spitsbergen peaks and became the first to cross three new passes; conducted an accurate topographic survey of the area and discovered evidence of ice decline in Spitsbergen. Using folding boats they executed sea trip to the Smeerenburg Sound, and to the Danes and Amsterdam Islands ("Dänen-Insel"). The expedition travelled back from Spitsbergen aboard the S.M.S. Zieten, under command of the noted German polar explorer Alfred Ritscher (1879-1963).

On his return, Grotewahl wrote a single paper with results from the expedition, and drew criticism for squandering resources and producing a small amount of significant results. However, his experiences in planning and running the expedition led him to look into the possibility of establishing a research center that would support future polar expeditions. This led to his foundation in July 1926 of the Archiv für Polarforschung at Kiel (today the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Polarforschung).

The present images were taken by expedition photographer Walter Ankersen, but the collection seems to come from Grotewahl’s archives in Kiel. The photographs are professional field shots and include vivid images of the expedition’s camps and equipment; portraits of the members while conducting research or having a meal. A series of images documents the trip across northwestern Spitsbergen - with the images of climbing, cross-country skiing, traversing crevasses, beautiful mountain scenery etc. There are also numerous images of their sea trips in kayaks and a small sailing yacht, with nice views of coastal mountains and icebergs, and scenes of seal hunting. There are also photos of the cruise ship "München" (of Vergnugungs- und Erholungsreisen des Norddeutschen Lloyd) that carried the expedition to Spitsbergen, and of the SMS Zieten which brought it back. One photo shows a map of the expedition’s routes. Two photographs from the collection were published in Cornelia Lüdeke’s article about Max Grotewahl (see below), but the majority appears to never have been published.
Lüdeke, C. Zum 100. Geburtstag von Max Grotewahl (1894-1958), Gründer des Archivs für Polarforschung // Polarforschung. 1995. # 65 (2). P. 93-105.
See also:
Grotewahl, M. Über eine Expedition nach Spitzbergen// Zeitschrift von Geschichte Erdkunde. 1925. Bln. 381-382; Grotewahl, M. Die Deutsche Spitzbergen Expedition 1925 // Das Weltall. 1928. 27 (7). S. 93-98; Dominik, H. Dr. Max Grotewahl, seine Spitzbergen-Expedition 1925 und die Deutsche Polarjahr-Kommission // Zeitschrift von Geschichte Erdkunde. 1933. Bln. 221-222.

14. [HILDEBRANDT, ATTRIBUTED TO], [Eduard] (1818-1868)]
[Original Watercolour View of Praya Grande, Macao].

Ca. 1863. Watercolour on paper, ca. 25x37 cm (9 ¾ x 14 ½ in). Unsigned. Recently matted, outside dimensions ca. 41,5x54 cm (16 ½ x 21 ¼ in). A very good watercolour.
This well executed watercolour of Macao harbour and Avenida de Praia Grande was most likely created by the German artist Eduard Hildebrandt during his travel around the world in 1862-64. Hildebrandt usually made several sketches and studies of his views which he later reworked into a final version in oil. He created an almost identical oil painting: "View of Praya Grande, Macau 1863" (now in the Hong Kong Museum of Art), and a almost identical chromolithograph was included into the series of his works: "Aquarelle. Auf seiner Reise um die Erde" (Berlin 1871-4 ).
Eduard Hildebrandt was a German painter. He studied in Berlin and Paris and was a friend of scientist and explorer Alexander von Humboldt. Under the latter’s influence he took a voyage around the world in 1862-64, making watercolour views of many places he visited. "Fantasies in red, yellow and opal, sunset, sunrise and moonshine, distances of hundreds of miles like those of the Andes and the Himalaya, narrow streets in the bazaars of Cairo or Suez, panoramas as seen from mast-heads, wide cities like Bombay or Pekin, narrow strips of desert with measure-less expanses of sky all alike display his quality of bravura" (Wikipedia).

15. [HONG KONG LAWS]
Laws of the Colony of Hong Kong. 1841-54; [With] Ordinances of Hong Kong, 1854-1864.

Hong Kong, 1855-64. First Edition. Small Folio, 2 vols. Volume 1: viii, 490; Volume 2: with over 200 unnumbered leaves, some blank. With the British North Borneo Company exlibris and Foreign and Commonwealth Office Library cancel stamps on the front free endpapers. Period brown patterned cloth with gilt arms embossed on cover of volume one. Rebacked using matching period cloth, extremities rubbed, otherwise a very good set.
Incredibly Rare Hong Kong imprints as no copy found in Worldcat.

Very important primary source for the history of Hong Kong with details on the cession of Hong Kong and the organization of the colonial government including proclamations, notifications, commissions and charters and 194 ordinances including laws regarding slavery, printing, registry of deeds, good order and cleanliness, prohibition of distilling alcohol, regulation for the police force, public gaming, establishment of courts, sale of opium, suppression of the Triad and other secret societies, restraint of trade with China, regulations of the gaol. "The island of Hong Kong was first ceded to Great Britain in 1841, and the cession was confirmed by the Treaty of Nanjing, Aug. 29 1842, the charter bearing the date April 5 1843" (China Illustrata Nova II, 989).

"By the early 19th century, the British Empire trade was heavily dependent upon the importation of tea from China. While the British exported to China luxury items like clocks and watches, there remained an overwhelming imbalance in trade. China developed a strong demand for silver, which was a difficult commodity for the British to come by in large quantities. The counterbalance of trade came with exports of opium to China, opium being legal in Britain and grown in significant quantities in the UK, and later in far greater quantities in India.
A Chinese commissioner Lin Zexu voiced to Queen Victoria the Qing state's opposition to the opium trade. It resulted in the First Opium War, which led to British victories over China and the cession of Hong Kong to the United Kingdom via the enactment of the new treaties in 1842" (Wikipedia).

16. [JAMAICA]
WILLIAMSON, Adam, Sir (1736-1798)
[Manuscript Permit, Allowing Lieutenant Colonel John Perry "to go to Europe and to be absent from this Island for Twelve Months," signed by Adam Williamson, "Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of His Majesty’s Island of Jamaica & Territories thereon depending on America, Chancellor & Vice Admiral of the same." Countersigned by William Shaw, Secretary].

Saint Jago de la Vega [Jamaica], 20 July 1794. 1 p. On a folded double folio leaf (ca. 32,5x20 cm). Brown ink on laid paper, water seal affixed. Short period note on verso on the contents of the document "Lieutenant Colonel Perry. Twelve months leave of absence." Horizontal folds, paper slightly browned, but overall in very good condition.
Sir Adam Williamson, Governor of Jamaica and St. Domingo, fought in America in 1755-57, at the siege of Quebec (1759), at the capture of Martinique and Guadeloupe (1762), and at the Battle of Bunker Hill (1775). This official document was written in his office in Saint Jago de la Vega (now Spanish Town), the capital of English Jamaica in 1665-1872. At the time the British had invaded St. Domingo, then a French colony, to establish a protectorate there, which resulted in a five-year military occupation (1793-1798). Port-au-Prince had been captured a month earlier (4 June 1794), and Williamson to be made a knight of the Bath on 18 November and the governor of St Domingo.
The permit concerns Williamson’s aide-de-camp, Lieut.-Col. John Perry, who was later a judge in Jamaica and died there in 1809 (American Vital Records from the Gentleman’s Magazine, 1731-1868; reprint, Baltimore, 2007, p. 222).

17. [JAPAN, HONG KONG & EGYPT PHOTOGRAPHS]
[Album with Thirty-Eight Original Photographs Including Vivid Street Scenes in Kobe, Yokohama, Hong Kong and Port Said, Titled]: Scenes in Japan, China and Ceylon, East India, Italy and Egypt.

Ca. 1923. Oblong Octavo (ca. 21x27,5 cm). 22 stiff card leaves. With thirty-eight mounted photographs of different sizes. The majority large images ca. 13,5x21,5 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ½ in), with twelve smaller photos ca. 10,5x14,5 cm (4 x 5 ½ in) and several images with measurements in between; there is one small image ca. 9x11 cm (3 ½ x 4 ¼ cm). White manuscript title on the first free endpaper, as well as manuscript captions to the images on the album mounts. Period brown stiff card wrappers, stitched through on top and bottom. Several captions faded, but overall a very good album.

An interesting collection of unusual travel shots of Japan, Hong Kong, Java, and Egypt.
The majority of the images (22) are dedicated to Japan, with 15 dynamic street views of Kobe showing "A Japanese theatre," "Japanese cinema," a street procession, several images of Japanese traditional houses and Kobe’s shrines; the photos give a nice overview of Japanese society at the time, showing people both in traditional Japanese and European dress. Very interesting and significant are two street views of Yokohama "taken shortly after the earthquake" - the photographer obviously meant the Tokyo-Yokohama earthquake of 1923, also called the Great Kanto earthquake (7.9 M), "the deadliest earthquake in Japanese history, and at the time was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in the region" (Wikipedia). Other Japanese views include four panoramas of Mt. Fuji and a portrait of two geishas.

Also included are four vivid street scenes of Hong Kong showing Queen Street, "A street in the native quarter" and two views of the harbour where ocean steamers neighbour Chinese junks. Other images include humorously captioned "Rapid transit in Port-Said," pictures of coastal villages in Java and Ceylon, native houses in the Philippines, palms of Singapore, Morro Castle in Havana, views of Gibraltar Rock, St. Mark Basilica in Venice and a panorama of Naples with Vesuvius in the distance.

18. [JAPAN, WATERCOLOUR VIEWS]
COUCHOUD, Paul-Louis (1879-1959) & Faure, André
[A Collection of Watercolours and Ink Drawings By a European Depicting Japanese Landscapes and Scenes and Influenced by the Style of Japanese Woodcuts].

Japan, 1903-4. Nine watercolours and six ink drawings, on album leaves ca. 22,5x14,5 cm (8 ¾ x 5 ¾ in). The leaves are originally from the same album, but seven on vellum paper and eight on laid paper; all mounted in recent mats and housed in a custom made dark brown half cloth clam-shell portfolio with marbled boards and gilt black morocco labels on front cover and spine. Several leaves captioned in pencil in Japanese, one in French (also in pencil, on verso): "Portrait de Couchoud (au cours de son voyage)." Two leaves with minor stains not affecting images, otherwise a fine set.

Beautiful watercolours and drawings from the first trip to Japan in 1903-4 by French poet and philosopher Paul-Louis Couchoud, an admirer of Japan and the first French author to compose Haiku poems. He travelled to Japan twice; the first time in September 1903 - May 1904 with his friends, sculptor Albert Poncin and painter André Faure. While going on a boat cruise along Japanese canals, the party wrote "Au fil de l’eau" - a collection of 72 haiku poems privately published in only 30 copies (1905). After the next trip to Japan and China Couchoud published the anthology "Les épigrammes lyriques du Japon" (1906) and "Sages et poètes d'Asie" (1916, English translation - "Japanese Impressions," 1920).

Our collection was most likely produced during his first trip and is clearly influenced by the elegant Ukiyo-e, the technique of Japanese woodcuts. Poetical and attentive, the artist notes the smallest details and creates the atmosphere of harmonious serene life of traditional Japan. Most likely, it was Couchoud’s travel companion, painter André Faure, who made the drawings and watercolours. The watercolours include a view of Mount Fuji, two views of Japanese temples, scene with Japanese musicians and dancers, two marine landscapes, a portrait of a reading woman, a palanquin, and the "Portrait of Couchoud (during the trip)" as indicated in the caption. The ink drawings include: Geisha playing shamisen, two students writing and counting, a family in front of a stall, sketches of women's costumes, old laundresses and Buddha sculpture. One of the leaves has an ink sketch of traditional women’s knots on verso; the other - a watercolour with a temple and a Buddhist monk in front. Overall a beautiful collection.
"However it is only with the publication of Au fil de l’eau in 1905 that a first serious attempt was made to compose Haiku in French. During a canal-boat cruise in 1903, the authors, Paul-Louis Couchoud, Albert Poncin and André Faure composed 72 haikai that were compiled into a collection privately published. Couchoud who taught his friends the Japanese genre, was a professor of philosophy and doctor of medicine. He had traveled to Japan and had been seduced by Japanese poetry and the haiku. Without any doubt not only did he initiate French language Haiku but he also became the first true French expounder and initiator of the genre in a series of two articles entitled "Les épigrammes lyriques du Japon" in 1906: (Agostini, B. The Development of French Haiku in the First Half of the 20th Century: Historical Perspectives // Modern haiku. Vol. 32.2. Summer 2001).

19. [MADAGASCAR, PHOTOGRAPHS]
[Album with 72 Original Photographs of French Colonial Madagascar Showing Vivid Street Scenes in Antsiranana, Military Manouevres, Portraits of French Military Officers and Malagasy Nobility et al].

Madagascar, ca. 1896-1904. Oblong Quarto (ca. 19x26,5 cm). 25 stiff card leaves. With seventy-one mounted gelatin silver prints and one large cyanotype photograph. Images of different sizes including twenty-six large images ca. 12x27 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in), thirty-six small photos ca. 6x9 cm (2 ½ x 3 ½ in) and other images with measurements in between. The vast majority of images with detailed manuscript ink or pencil captions on the album mounts. With a carte-de-visite of ‘J. Niochet’ and a mounted newspaper clipping showing a native man. Period brown pebbled cloth album with decorative endpapers, neatly rebacked. Covers mildly rubbed at extremities, rear joint cracked but holding, some images slightly faded, but overall a very good album.
A very interesting photograph album illustrating the establishment of French colonial rule in Madagascar, with important images of French military forces and infrastructure, civil colonists and local nobility. Madagascar was proclaimed a French protectorate in 1885; local resistance led to the French military invasion of the country and capture of Antananarivo in September 1895. The earliest images from our photograph collection are dated June-July 1896, and thus relate to the time of establishment of French colonial rule in Madagascar, which was officially declared a French colony on August 6, 1896.

The album’s compiler was most likely J. Niochet (his carte-de-visite is mounted opposite his probable portrait on the first page of the album), who was according to the annual guide to French Madagascar, a 1st class administrative officer in the Particular Staff of the Colonial Artillery (État-Major Particulier de l’Artillerie Coloniale) in Tananarivo (Antananarivo) (Guide-Annuaire de Madagascar et Dependancies. Annee 1905. Tananarive, 1905. p. 53).

The images concentrate on northwestern Madagascar with the administrative centre in the port city of Antsiranana (named in the album "Antsirane" or "Diego-Suarez"). The images include several city panoramas, views of its harbour, governor’s house, prison, several street views (Rue de la Republique), native quarters et al.

Interesting images of the French military forces include pictures of the lodgings of Lieut.-Col. Brun, the Chief Commander of French troops in the city (dated July 1896); images of the officer’s house and soldiers’ barracks, two views of the ‘Ambohe’marine’ showing the post of ‘Sakalaves’ (Sakalava) sharpshooters, and a scene of military manoeuvres with ‘Malgaches’ (Malagasy) shooters attacking a command fort. Another image shows a group of officers and native soldiers with a cannon.
A large image shows the departure of a military mission to Tananarive, pointing to ‘explorateur Mr. Grandin’ on horse, and ‘Mr. Grosnier en filanzane’ (a type of Madagascar palanquin). The ‘explorateur’ was apparently Léonce Grandin, a French writer and adventurer who shortly after published "Les Français à Madagascar" (Paris, 1896).

There is also a very curious photograph showing Chinese workers building a Decauville railroad in Madagascar. This was a pioneer company in French industrial railroads - "Decauville's major innovation was the use of ready-made sections of light, narrow gauge track fastened to steel sleepers; this track was portable and could be disassembled and transported very easily <..,> The French military became interested in the Decauville system as early as 1888 and chose the 600 mm (1 ft 11 5⁄8 in) gauge track to equip its strongholds and to carry artillery pieces and ammunition during military campaigns. Decauville track was used during the French military expeditions to Madagascar and Morocco" (Wikipedia).

The collection also contains several portraits, including that of the queen and the princess of Nosy Be Island (this island off northwest coast of Madagascar became French protectorate in 1885); and three portraits of young Nosy Be girls. Additionally there are several group and individual portraits of French military officers posing in the interiors of their quarters or outside, with families, on leisure walk or hikes, drinking with friends; while constructing a house; one group portrait shows them with two natives, while everybody is holding a shovel, a pick or a broom. Several images show a local settler and owner of coffee plantations in the Ambre Mountains near Antsiranana Antoine Mogenet, posing on his farm, with wife and daughter et al. Mogenet founded his plantation in 1893 and was the president of the ‘Comice agricole de Diego-Suarez’ in 1905 (Guide-Annuaire de Madagascar, p. 346).
Other images show forest scenery (Rivière des Caïmans), anchorage of boats in the Baie de Tamatave (Toamasina, east coast of Madagascar), villages, wells and local water carriers, carriages with bulls, a native hairdresser, Malagasy dances et al.

20. [MEXICO]
[A Collection of Four Watercolours of the Aztec Ruins at Cuernavaca and Two Views Around Mexico City].

[Mexico], ca. 1880. Four matted watercolours, on variously sized sheets of cardstock (see below). One watercolour (item three listed below) with a rough left edge and a small chip in the top edge, else overall in near fine condition.
A very attractive collection of four watercolours of scenes in the countryside around Mexico City, ca. 1880. The scenes are undated but appear to have been created by a traveller in the late 19th century. The identity of the traveller is unknown, but two of the watercolours have a small monogrammed "A.T." in the lower left corner.

The first two show the famed Aztec ruins at Cuernavaca, just south of Mexico City, and the other two show village and country scenes near the Mexican capital. Three of the four paintings are labeled on the verso. The watercolours are as follow:
1) "Sculptured Stone. Cuernavaca, Mexico." ca. 16.5 x 25.5 cm (6.5 x 10 inches). Shows a large stone featuring Aztec carvings.
2) [Aztec Ruins]. Ca. 16.5 x 25.5 cm (6.5 x 10 inches). Shows the walls and base of a large Aztec structure, overgrown by weeds and trees.
3) "Near Mexico City." ca. 18 x 27 cm (7 x 10.5 inches). A marshy landscape, with a small stream cutting through a wetland, and with mountains in the distance.
4) "Mexican Village near La Turba." ca. 19 x 29 cm (7.5 x 11.5 inches). A lively rendering of a group of Mexicans - men, women, and children - lining up to buy fruits and vegetables from a small stand. A large, whitewashed church is seen in the left background, and other stone dwellings are shown as well.

"Cuernavaca is the capital and largest city of the state of Morelos in Mexico. It was established at the archeological site of Gualupita I by the Olmec, "the mother culture" of Mesoamerica, approximately 3200 years ago. It is also a municipality located about 85 km (53 mi) south of Mexico City on the D-95 freeway. The city was nicknamed the "City of Eternal Spring" by Alexander von Humboldt in the nineteenth century. It has long been a favorite escape for Mexico City and foreign visitors because of this warm, stable climate and abundant vegetation. Aztec emperors had summer residences there, and even today, many famous people as well as Mexico City residents maintain homes there" (Wikipedia).

21. [NEPAL, PHOTOGRAPHS]
MONRO, David Carmichael, Major General (1886-1960)

[Album with 172 Original Photographs of Travels to Nepal, Titled]: Photos, of a Trip to KHATMANDU NEPAL, with H.E. The C.-in-C. India, F.M. Sir Philip Chetwode (1931);
[With 24 Original Photo Postcards of Nepal, Some Interesting Memorabilia from the Trip, Including a Letter to Monro from the Prime Minister of Nepal, Monro’s Photos from Other Places of Service and Family Memorabilia].
1931. Oblong Folio (ca. 28x40,5 cm). 25 card stock leaves. The majority of images ca. 6,5 or 8,5x11 cm (2 ½ or 3 ½ x 4 ¼ in), with 15 larger photos ca. 10,5x17 cm (4 x 6 ¾ in) or larger, and about 10 smaller images ca. 6x8,5 cm (2 ½ x 3 ½ in). Photo postcards are ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in) or slightly smaller. Most images with manuscript ink captions. Period style dark green gilt tooled half morocco with cloth boards. Overall a very good album.

A fascinating collection of mostly personal and unpublished amateur photos of Khatmandu and Nepal, assembled by David Carmichael Monro, the personal surgeon of the Commander-in-Chief in India, Sir Philip Chetwode. The photos were taken during Chetwode’s official visit to Nepal in 1931.
The album starts with a series of vivid shots of a tiger hunt organized at Raxaul Station on the Indian-Nepalese border, which contains a spectacular view of an "Elephant Parade" and portraits of the members of the British party posing with the tiger, the elephants and "on Bhutan ponies."

The images of Nepal include a nicely executed panorama of Kathmandu and views of its streets, markets, temples and stupas, with numerous details of Nepalese stone carvings, statues of Buddha and Hindu gods; with portraits of a Buddhist monk, "A priest and a sacred cow," "A temple courtesan," "A famous bronze door" and others. There are picturesque portraits of Nepalese people in a series entitled: "Views in and around - several separate cities which comprise Kathmandu"; photos of peasants in the fields during the harvest, scenes of rice drying, images of local children et al.

Pictures from the official events include a series of images from a reception in the British embassy, with portraits of Philip Chetwode in Nepalese state headdress and his ADC with "with two Nepalese princes," "the Maharaja," images from the special performance by the local musicians and actors in traditional costumes et al. There is also a group of captivating images from the ceremonial parade of the Nepalese army (including Ghurkha reserves), with Monro’s note "20,000 men paraded, including Elephant batteries. The marching was excellent."

Masterly executed original photo postcards show streets and temples of Kathmandu, views of its neighbourhoods and Nepalese countryside, Khokana and Bagmati bridges. Monro gave a curious comment on the contemporary state of Nepal: "Everything not made locally (if imported) is carried the 40,000 miles over the Himalaya foothills (6,000 feet) by portage, elephant or the single rope way. There is no road - only a steep track. The main buildings are lit by locally generated electricity. At this time there were only 5 Europeans beside the ambassador (Col. Dawnes) and about 20 motorcars used by the leaders of the state."

The collection is supplemented with an official typewritten letter to Monro from Bhim Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (1865-1932), the Prime Minister of Nepal at the time. The letter on the official form "Tangal Durbar, Nepal" and dated "19th November 1931" thanks him for a visit and wishes good luck on the way to Britain (on a double octavo leaf (23x17,5 cm or 9x7 in), 2 pp., signed in brown ink, the original envelope included). The album also contains a large folded Nepalese broadside, captioned by Monro "Nepalese official form (locally made paper)" (70x55 cm or 27 ½ x 21 ½ in). The are also period Christmas cards to Monro from the British Ambassador in Nepal and a member of Philip Chetwode’s family.

The album contains several official group portraits taken in different places of Monro’s service, including that of "The Commander-in-Chief’s Personal Staff and Family (Snowden, Simla)" –-with Sir Philip Chetwode and Monro (1931); group portraits of medical staff of B.M. Hospital in Rawalpindi (1926), military hospital of Imfarta, Malta (1936); "Inspecting V.A.D. Staff in Glasgow" (1933); "Cocktail party at RAF headquarters" (1938) et al. The personal photos show numerous family weddings or portraits of the members of Gulmarg golf club (Kashmir) which Monro also went to.
David Carmichael Monro belonged to a famous dynasty of surgeons and professors of medicine in the University of Edinburgh which he also graduated from. He joined Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMS) in 1914 and served as a surgeon during the WWI; later worked in the British Military hospital in Malta (1935-37), and was a Professor of Military Surgery at Royal Army Medical College. During the WWII Monro was a Consultant Surgeon to the Middle East forces (1941-42) where he was the first to employ the Advance Mobile Field Surgical Units; he took part in the Allied Surgical Mission to Moscow (1943).
He served in India in 1919-24, 1926-31, first at King George V Military Hospital, Poona, and then as surgeon to Northern Command at Rawalpindi and Murree (Punjab). In 1931 Monro served on the staff of the Commander in Chief’s Staff at Simla and Delhi, as personal surgeon to the Commander-in-Chief (See: Macintyre, I. Major General David Monro/ Surgeon News on-line, July 2008; Major David Monro/ Royal Army Medical Corps of Malta Garrison on-line).

22. [NICARAGUA]
[A Collection of Four Watercolours of the British Settlement of Bluefields, Nicaragua].

Nicaragua, 1845. Four matted watercolour views on paper, three sheets measuring ca. 14,5x25,5 cm (5 ½ x 10 in), the fourth measuring ca, 14,5 x 23 cm (5 ½ x 9 in). Two of the views with manuscript captions on verso, the other two with later paper backing. Two of the watercolours have old fold creases, otherwise a very good collection of watercolours.
An attractive collection of watercolours of the British settlement at Bluefields, Nicaragua, showing the area as it appeared in the 1840s. Two of the images are captioned in a contemporary hand on the verso, and show the home of a "Mr. Ninoud" as it appeared when the artist was at Bluefields on July 10, 1845. They show a small, thatched-roof structure on stilts near the coast. The other two watercolours show a more substantial building, two stories in height and with a thatched roof and a porch. In one of the images a Union Jack is shown flying outside the building, indicating the presence of a British merchant, trader, or official.
Bluefields is Nicaragua's chief Caribbean port, and has been a location of interest to Europeans since the early seventeenth century. The British founded a colony there in 1730, and it remained under British control for more than a century. Moravian missionaries arrived at Bluefields in 1847, and established a church two years later. In 1844, a year before these watercolours were made, the British government sent a new envoy, Patrick Walker, to live in the town. This was part of a British effort to shore up the region in the face of possible encroachment by the United States and European powers.

23. [PANAMA RAILROAD, LIMA & GUAYAQUIL PHOTOGRAPHS]
[Album with 106 Original Photographs from a Steamship Voyage to South America, Including Views and Scenes of the Panama Railroad, Lima and Callas in Peru, Guayaquil in Ecuador and the Bolivian Capital La Paz et al.]

[South America], Ca. 1903. Oblong Octavo (ca. 15,5x21 cm). 24 stiff card leaves. With 106 photographs of different sizes mounted on the leaves and endpapers. The majority are ca. 8,5x8 cm (3 ¼ x 3 in), with ten smaller photos ca. 5,5x9,5 cm (2 1/8 x 3 ¼ in) and seven images of smaller size or different shape (cut as a circle etc.). Period manuscript ink captions in English on album mounts or image margins. With a small blue-printed photo and advertisement of bull fights in Lima. Period brown patterned full sheep album, stitched through on top and bottom. Covers mildly rubbed at extremities, a few photos slightly faded, but overall a very good album.

The album documents a voyage from New York to Lima, taken in June-November 1903, on several ships of the Panama Railroad Steamship Line (S.S. Palena, Seguranca and Loa) and via the company’s famous railroad across the Panama Isthmus. The travelling party included the Peruvian consul in New York, Francisco Pérez de Velasco, and his family - wife Isabel Oyague Soyer, daughter Isabel Pérez de Velasco Oyague (born in New York, d. 1951) and son José Vicente Pérez de Velasco Oyague. The collection was most likely assembled by the family’s companion or governess from New York (all captions are in English).

The images include a series of interesting views of the Panama Isthmus before the construction of the Panama Canal had been finished; showing the Bay of Panama and streets of Colon (the Atlantic terminal), "Commencement of the Panama Canal," Panama Cathedral, inland railroad stations and villages, locals selling fruits, children et al; very interesting is a picture of "The United States Gunboat ‘Boston’ in Panama Bay just before firing on the Declaration of Independence of Panama. November 1903."

The Peruvian views show the ports of Callao, Paita and Salaverry, with a series of Lima images - panoramas taken from San Christobal, three images of the Lima railway station, scenes in Barranco neighbourhood, Lima street view, three images from Chorillos (native soldiers, locals and Chorillos renowned beach). The collection includes 13 views of the Guayaquil coast taken on board S.S. Loa in July 1913, on the way to Lima. There are also two views of the Cuban shores taken from the distance, and a view of La Paz, Bolivia; one image with a carriage and horses captioned "on way to climb mountain Sorata" (Bolivia).

The album contains at least 18 portraits of the members of Velasco’s family, posing on board of a steamships and in New York before departure (Central Park, Brooklyn Bridge, Grant’s Tomb), interesting are several of their portraits with photo cameras. Seven images show the entrance and interior of the Velasco home in Lima and their servants.
Francisco Pérez de Velasco was a bibliophile and assembled a large book collection of Peruviana, a catalogue of it was published in 1918: Catálogo de la Bilibioteca, Propiedad del Dr. Francisco Pérez de Velasco (Lima: Librería e Imprenta Gil, 1918). The library contained "Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin American rare books by 18th and 19th- century European travelers to Peru and Ecuador and a collection of laws, statutes, legal materials, bound volumes and pamphlets detailing Spanish laws, dating from 1623-1833." It is now in the Special Collection Department of Duke University Library (Latin American & Caribbean Studies/ Duke University Library on-line).
Another part of Velasco’s collection is in the Yale University library, including "first-hand records from the time of the initial activities of conqueror Francisco Pizarro in the Andes, original geographical descriptions, records of monastic orders, royal treasury account books, notarial documents, copies of royal decrees, and handwritten copies of some of the chroniclers to the essays of the precursors of Independence" (Latin American Collection, Yale University Library on-line).
About Perez de Velasco’s status see: Handbook of the American Republics/ Bureau of the American Republics. Bulletin 50. Washington, [1893]. P. 30.

24. [ROYAL ASIATIC SOCIETY]
OUSELEY, Gore, Sir (1770-1844)
[Autograph Letter Signed, Regarding Ouseley Activities in the Royal Asiatic Society and Mentioning George FitzClarence and the First Edition of "The Travels of Ibn Batuta"].

Woolmers, Hertford, 22 October 1829. Octavo (ca. 20,5x16 cm). 1 pp. Brown ink on paper. Mild folds, light toning, remains of guards, but overall a very good letter.
An interesting letter from Sir Gore Ouseley, British diplomat and orientalist, noted for preparing the Treaty of Gulistan (1814) between Russia and Persia while serving as ambassador in Persia in 1810-1815. The letter relates to the Royal Asiatic Society which was founded in 1823 with the close participation of Ouseley:
"He was one of those responsible for the founding of the Royal Asiatic Society in London in 1823 and was associated with the formation of the oriental translation committee, of which he was elected chairman. He became president of the Society for the Publication of Oriental Texts, formed in 1842" (Oxford DNB).
In the letter Ouseley thanks his addressee for "information about Col. FitzClarence" - obviously, meaning George Augustus Frederick FitzClarence (1794-1842), a military officer who served in India and also became an orientalist and a founder of the Royal Asiatic Society. Noteworthy is the fact, that FitzClarence "was a member of the society's committee preparing plans for publishing translations of oriental works, and was subsequently deputy chairman and vice-president of the Oriental Translation Fund" (Oxford DNB). It explains Ouseley writing that "in the course of a day or two I shall have a letter ready for the Ambassador at Constantinople to accompany the Copy of Ibn Batuta for the Sultan." He obviously meant "The travels of Ibn Batuta" - a history of travels of a famous Medieval Muslim explorer Ibn Battuta (1304-1368 or 1369) which has just been published by John Murray "for the Oriental Translation Committee" where Ouseley and FitzClarence were both members.
At the end of the letter Ouseley gives his opinion on the circulation of the reports, probably of the Society: "I think 40 or 50 might be selected to have them sent to, but certainly not more! And I [?] find that the number I have mentioned is much greater that those who would take the trouble of reading them." A nice letter revealing details of the history of the Royal Asiatic Society.

25. [SAIGON PHOTOGRAPHS]
[Photograph Album of Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam) with Fifty-Four Original Photographs].

Saigon [Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam], 5th August 1892. Oblong Folio. 19 leaves. With 22 photographs ca. 21x27 cm (8 ½ x 11 in) and 32 photographs ca. 21x17 cm (8 ½ x 6 ½ inches) all captioned in French ink manuscript. Period maroon cloth boards rebacked in style with matching red gilt tooled morocco spine. Mounts a little dusty and some very mild minor marginal water staining. First image with a corner chip, otherwise a very good album.


With the inscription on the rear free endpaper: "A mes Parents. Souvenir de Cochinchine, Libourne, le 5 Aout 1892 Edouard M." The strong images of this interesting album show the Governor's residence, a punishment scene, notable Siagonese personalities, an Saigonese family and girls, the botanical garden, Mytho church, Chinese temple, bridge in Cholon, buffalo, Chinese soup merchant, Lieutenant Governor's residence, naval barracks, Ministry of the Interior, fruit merchants, local housing, main post office, war ships in the port, rue Catinal, customs house, statue of Gambetta, the city park, statue of Francois Garnier, Boulevard Charner, statue of Admiral Rigualt de Genouilly, the arsenal, the cathedral, and including several views of Cambodia including the Royal Palace in Phenom Penh.
"Conquered by France in 1859, the city was influenced by the French during their colonial occupation of Vietnam, and a number of classical Western-style buildings and French villas in the city reflect this" (Wikipedia).

26. [SMS FALKE IN SOUTH AMERICA]
KERN, B.
[Manuscript Keepsake Album from SMS Falke’s Voyage from Brazil to the Pacific Through the Strait of Magellan; With Twenty Original Photographs, over Fifteen Pencil Sketches, and Miscellaneous Printed Postcards, Poems and Memorabilia, Titled:] Ein Halbes Jahr im Südatlantik. S.M.S. "Falke" an der Ostküste Südamerika’s. Von Maranhão bis Magellanstrasse. 1904. Geführt von Obersignal Gast B. Kern [Half a Year in the South Atlantic..,].

South America, 1904. 58 thick paper leaves. The majority of the original photos are large panoramas ca. 9x15,5 cm (3 ½ x6 in), with six smaller images ca. 8x11 cm (3 x 4 ½ in) or smaller. With fifteen pencil sketches and over twenty printed postcard views of the places visited (black and white or colour). All with extensive manuscript captions and comments. With a printed invitation to the "Great Performance" in Buenos Aires Odeon Theatre, where Falke’s crew was present (14 October 1904); the leaflet is ca. 15,5x27 cm, loosely inserted. Period brown cloth album with gilt tooled title "III. An der Ostküste Südamerikas / S.M.S. "Falke" 1904" on the front board. A very good internally clean album.

An attractive keepsake album compiled by a crew member of the SMS Falke (1891), a light cruiser of the German Imperial Navy, known for its service in the German colonies of South-West Africa and New Guinea. SMS Falke was in service in South America and the Caribbean from 1901, where it was protecting German interests in the region during the Venezuela Crisis and it participated in the Venezuela naval blockade in December 1902 - February 1903. In 1904 SMS Falke started its great journey around South America and along the Pacific West coast to San Francisco and Alaska. She became the first ship of the German Navy to visit the ports of the West coast of America.

Our album shows the SMS Falke’s voyage around South America in July-November 1904, with stops in Maranhão (21-26 Jul), Bahia (3-6 Aug), Rio de Janeiro (10-23 Aug), Santos (1-5 Sept), short excursion to Curitiba (6-8 Sept), and Desterro (14-19 Sept.). Then Falke proceeded to Buenos Aires and stayed there for a month (23 Sept - 21 Oct), and after that went south to Chile through Rosario (22-25 Oct), Bahia Blanca (29 Oct - 1 Nov) and the Strait of Magellan (4-9 Nov); the Chilean port of Punta Arenas was a stop on 9 - 14 Nov.
The original photographs include a nice panorama of Maranhão taken from the sea, two street views of Curitiba (Rua Libertade) and several images taken in the Strait of Magellan, including two large panoramas of the Strait and images of a glacier, ship’s deck in the stormy sea, and of a boat of the inhabitants of Terra del Fuego. SMS Falke is shown on a photo from Buenos Aires (while stationed in dock 4), and in the Strait of Magellan, with Capt. "Eberhard" on board. There are also original photos of the American battleship Atlanta and Italian cruiser Umbria in the Buenos Aires port.

The SMS Falke’s crew is shown in a group portrait taken on board the cruiser, and on a picnic with the German community in Bahia Blanca, Argentina (30 October); six joyful photos from "Linientaufe" (a celebration of the equator crossing) show a costume party with Neptun and other sea gods, and an image of orders and patents from Neptun (supplemented with 10 leaves of verses composed by the crew members).

Postcards from the album include nice a coloured panoramas of Buenos Aires, views of Maranhão, Bahia, Rio, Petropolis, Santos, Sao Paolo, railway to Curitiba, Desterro, Foinville, Punta Arenas, the Strait of Magellan et al; several newspaper clippings from Buenos Aises newspapers are dedicated to the receptions with the local German community. The last leaf is a detailed manuscript itinerary of the voyage in English, from Maranhão to Puerto Montt in Chile.

27. [TEUTONIC KNIGHTS' RULES]
[List of Rules of the Teutonic Order] Die Capitula vn[d] das Registrum der Regule der Brudere des dütschen Ordens. Des Spitales Sante Marine: [Beautiful Medieval Manuscript on Vellum in Large Gothic Type, 19 lines per Page, With Red Ink Titles, Headlines, Numbers and Minor Initial Decorations].

[Warmia?], first half of the 15th century. Octavo (ca. 20,5x15,7 cm). With ten vellum stitched leaves, all but the first leaf are used for the text; leaves unnumbered. Manuscript ruled and written in black ink, with wide margins, written area ca. 15,5x10 cm. Manuscript housed in a nineteenth century brown full morocco clamshell box with a red velvet lining. Boards with blind tooled decorative borders, spine with raised bands and a gilt tooled title "The Rules of the Order of Teutonic Knights." Upper stitch loose, but overall a beautiful internally clean manuscript in very good condition.

Very important original medieval manuscript, a striking first-hand account of the history of the famous Teutonic order (1190-1806). A brotherhood of German crusaders, the order was formed to protect and shelter Christian pilgrims in the Holy Land, but became famous in the 13th century as the moving force of the Prussian and Baltic Crusade. The wealth and power of Teutonic Knights was at its peak in the end of the 14th century when they not only christianized Prussia and Lithuania, but ruled a large sovereign monastic state covering East Prussia and Livonia (modern Baltic States). The Order’s power started to decline after the famous Battle of Grunwald in 1410, but it was not until 1525 that the Teutonic Knights lost control over their Prussian domain and concentrated on their possessions in the Holy Roman Empire. Our manuscript most likely was created in the first half of the 15th century, when the Teutonic Order was still in their ancient castle Marienburg in East Prussia.

The manuscript contains the complete list of rules (Regule), laws (Gesetze) and customs (Gewohnheiten) of the Teutonic Order; apparently a table of contents of a larger manuscript. The list is divided into three parts, each with a traditional medieval descriptive title: "Hie hebent sich an die capitula vn(d) das registrum der regule der brudere des dütschen ordens. Des spitales sante marien" (Rules); "Hie hebet sich an das registrum der gesetzede" (Laws); "Hie hebent sich an das registrum von den gewonheiten" (Customs). There are 39 Rules, 70 Laws (numbered 71) and 64 Customs.

The document regulates all aspects of life of the Teutonic Knights, defining their main principles: "chastity, obedience and living without property," and describing the main rules of establishing hospitals and taking care of sick and old people, the order of praying and attending divine service, having food in regular days and fasting, keeping silence; special rules are dedicated to how and where the brethren shall sleep, how women shall be received into the service of the house etc. A big attention is paid to the brethren’s looks and uniform; the ways of community living and of the "heedful discretion of the master."
The verso of the last leaf houses the beginning of the Order’s Calendar, decorated with a large blue initial. The calendar completely embraces January and marks Christian holidays and days of commemoration of saints and martyrs. It differs though from the calendar reproduced in the first fundamental printed edition of the Statutes of Teutonic Knights by Max Perlbach (1890, see below) by inclusion of commemoration of "Erhardi episcopi" on the January 8 (St. Erhard of Bavaria).
The manuscripts of the Statutes of the Teutonic Knights are very rare. Max Perlbach in 1890 counted 34 extant manuscripts dated from 13th to 15th centuries (Perlbach, x-xxx): twenty-four in German, five in Latin, four in Dutch and one in French; the oldest being dated 1264 (Middle German Manuscript in the State Library in Berlin). All manuscripts were stored in Germany or Austria. This number though could be decreased as six manuscripts were housed in Konigsberg, and two in Berlin, both cities which were significantly damaged during WWII.
Another 15th century manuscript of the Order’s Statutes written in a German cursive hand is now in the Rare Book department of University of Pennsylvania library. It was thoroughly described by Indrikis Stern, the author of a dissertation specially dedicated to the Rules and Statutes of the Teutonic Knights (see below).

Brief history of the Statutes of the Teutonic Knights

The Statutes of the Teutonic Knights were most likely formulated in the first half of the 13th century, with the oldest extant manuscript copy dating 1264 (Stern, 197). They were widely based on the Statutes of the Templars and Hospitallers, with necessary alterations and additions. The "statutes" meant "a complex of statutory regulations for the use and observance of the brethren of the Teutonic Order. They themselves called this collection the Ordenbuch - the Book of the Order" (Stern 48-49, Perlbach xvi).
"The fact remains, that the Teutonic Knights themselves regarded the statutes, as preserved in the copy of 1264, as unchangeable, for later editions to the statutes were never organically incorporated into the existing regulations, but were added as supplements, as new laws, by the ruling master, leaving unchanged the original Book of Order" (Stern 50-51). The Statutes of 1264 comprised: "the Calendar, the Easter Tables, the Prologue, the Titles of the Rule, the Rule, the Laws, the Customs, the Vigils, and the Genuflections" (Perlbach, xv-xvi).
The original language of the Statutes most likely was Latin, as the document need to be approved by the Pope, but it was German that quickly became the most common language of the Statutes because the majority of the brethren didn’t speak Latin. "The extant German manuscripts number well over thirty, in various dialects, for every commandery had to have a copy of the Ordenbuch. Naturally, as more and more copies were made, they began to differ not only in language, but also in accuracy, and various supplements were made. Therefore in 1442 the chapter of the order decided to revise the Book of the Order and make three master copies, one to be kept in Marienburg, another in the German Master’s residence in Horneck, and a third in the Livonian branch in Riga. All further copies were to be made only from these three master copies. Thus, in 1442 the German version was legally made the official version of the Statutes of the Teutonic Knights" (Stern, 57).
Literature:
Die Statuten des Deutschen Ordens. Nach dem Original-Exemplar, mit sinnerläuternden Anmerkungen, einigen historisch-diplomatish Beylagen, und einem vollstandigen historisch-etymologischen Glossarium/ Herausgegeben von Dr. Ernst Hennig; Vorrede von dem Herrn Kollegienrath v. Kotzebue. Königsberg, 1806.
Die Statuten des Deutsche Ordens nach den ältesten handschriften/ Herausgegeben von Max Perlbach. Halle am Saale: Max Neimayer, 1890.
Stern, Indrikis. The Statutes of the Teutonic Knights: A Study of Religious Chivalry: Dissertation/ Univ. Of Pennsylvania. 1969. 359

28. [TEXAS]
LEE, V.H.
[Signed Watercolour on Paper, Captioned on Lower Left Corner]: Conception Mission, San Antonio, Texas.

San Antonio, Texas, ca. 1880. Matted watercolour on paper ca. 23x30 cm (9 x 12 in). Captioned in pencil. Matted watercolour in very good condition.
A well executed and atmospheric watercolour of this San Antonio landmark. "Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña (also Mission Concepcion) was established in 1716 as Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de los Hainais in East Texas. It was originally meant to be a base for converting the Hasinai. The mission was moved in 1731 to San Antonio. After its relocation most of the people in the mission were Pajalats who spoke a Coahuiltecan language. Founded by Franciscan friars, this is the best preserved of the Texas missions.

The Battle of Concepción was fought here on October 28, 1835 between Mexican troops under Colonel Domingo Ugartechea and Texan insurgents led by James Bowie and James Fannin. The 30-minute engagement, is described as "the first major engagement of the Texas Revolution" by historian J.R. Edmondson" (Wikipedia).

29. [TRAVELS IN EGYPT]
LINGARD-MONK, James Boughey Monk
[Manuscript Journal of a Trip to Egypt, Apparently Intended for Publication, Titled]: How I Saw the Land of the Pharaohs.

Southsea, [1888-1890]. Octavo (29x19,5 cm). v, 268, [7 - blank] pp. Brown ink on laid paper, ruled. Complete text in legible hand writing. Period full morocco with decorative endpapers and all edges gilt. Bound by Palmer Howe & Co, Manchester. Lingard-Monk’s family crest and title "How I saw the Land of the Pharaohs" gilt tooled on the front cover. Lingard-Monk’s book plate on the first paste-down endpaper. Binding very mildly rubbed on extremities, otherwise a very good journal.

Unpublished narrative detailing an educated and extensive excursion to the Valley of the Kings by an Irish Judge. Preface signed by Lingard-Monk, Belmore, Southsea, March 6th 1889.

Copied from his original diaries, the entries cover his departure from Tilburn on 28 November 1888 to his return home mid-January 1889. A witty and educated travelogue which explores in some depth many of the most important archaeological sites including Karnak, Thebes, Luxor, Memphis, Sakkarah - with an ascent and the description of the view from the summit of the Great Pyramid at Giza. The author’s personal accounts are enhanced by commentary taken from his Baedeker, Cook and Murray guide books, together with comparative references to Sir Gardner Wilkinson’s researches, Amelia Edwards "A Thousand Mile up the Nile," and Mariette Bey’s observations in Monumental Egypt. Lingard-Monk makes a sceptical purchase of a scarab that later proves genuine, balks at exploring a hazardous ‘secret passage connecting the temple with that of Edfon’, catches a performance by ‘Howling Dervishes’, remarks on Arab customs, visits a Bedouin Bazaar, and enthuses over the Islamic architecture of Cairo mosques and the tombs of the Mamelukes. After a dismal plum pudding in his Nile boat:

"I walked off to Mons. Beato’s and bought a few more photographs. The worthy Frenchman was engaged in keeping Christmas and at his invitation I joined him in drinking the compliment of the season and the healths of the French and British nations in a bumper of green chartreuse. After that went to the temple at Luxor and spent some time contemplating by the aid of a lantern the statue of Ramses the Great which I had not previously had a thorough good look at and which as I think I have before said is considered to be the most beautiful statue in Egypt."
A captivating account of travels to Egypt at the time of the beginnings of modern archaeological research and excavations of the tombs; with highly entertaining observations of tourists and hotels, and every day events.

30. [VANCOUVER PHOTOGRAPHS]
GOWEN, Frank (1878-1946)
[Album with Thirty Original Panoramic Photo Postcards Showing Vancouver and the Canadian Rockies near Banff].

Vancouver: F. Gowen Co. Ltd., ca. 1917-1919. Oblong Octavo (ca. 17,5x28 cm). 30 stiff card leaves. Panoramic photo postcards mounted on stiff card leaves each ca. 9x22,5 cm (3 ½ x 8 ¾ in). All images captioned in negative on the lower margins, and with the ink stamps of F. Gowen & Co on verso. Period brown full sheep album, stitched through on top and bottom, with moire endpapers and gilt lettered dedication on the front cover: "With compliments. Robt. McNair Shingle Co. Vancouver, B.C." Upper fastening of cover is missing, covers mildly rubbed, but otherwise a very good album with bright and strong images.

An interesting collection of scenic views of Vancouver landmarks and the Canadian Rockies taken by Frank Gowen, official Stanley Park photographer from 1916. Our copy with a gilt tooled presentation from the "Robert McNair Shingle Company,' which was active in 1891-1954 in logging, lumber and shingle production in the Greater Vancouver area and the Gulf Islands.

The photographs include six views of Stanley Park showing Siwash Rock, Brockton point with RMS Empress of Japan leaving Burrard Inlet, "Sunset from the shores of Stanley Park" and a panorama of the mountains on the North Shore; two images depict the park’s main road, including "A Driveway through the forest giants." Historically interesting are six different views of the Capilano River and Canyon taken before the area was flooded in 1954 after the construction of the Cleveland Dam. The images show a nine-mile-long wooden flume constructed along the Canyon cliffs in 1906 by logging companies, a footbridge and the Capilano Suspension Bridge; another stunning image is "The Lions. The Guardians of Vancouver, B.C." was also taken from the area currently under Capilano lake (Anderson’s observation tower in Tipperary Tea Gardens, Second Canyon on Capilano River).

Other Vancouver views include images of Hastings and Georgia Streets (the latter showing the Court House and Hotel Vancouver), a waterfront panorama, and two views of English Bay showing its "bathing beach" and famous pier (dismantled in 1939).
The album also contains twelve Gowen photographs of the Canadian Rockies - images of Mt. Burgess with Emerald Lake, Mt. Rundle, Three Sisters Peaks, Lakes Louise and Agnes, Twin and Takkanan Falls in the Yoho Valley, a view of the Bow river from C.P.R. Hotel, Base of the Great Glacier and Sir Donald Peak, Kicking Horse River and Mt. Stephen (two identical images).

English-born Frank Gowen first immigrated to Manitoba and then moved to Vancouver in 1913. His first postcards featuring local scenes appeared in 1914. In 1916 Frank "won the exclusive right to take pictures to be sold commercially at the Big Tree and at Prospect Point in Stanley Park. The contract ran for two years, and he had to pay the Park Boards $40 in 1916 and $50 in 1917 for the concession, which also gave him the right to call himself "The Official Stanley Park Photographer." Following the initial signing, the Parks Board lease generally came up for renewal every two years, with terms and conditions varying slightly" (See: Frank Gowen’s Vancouver, p. 9). Gowen’s goal was to produce good black-and-white photographs to be printed as postcards that would sell well (Idem, p. 13); he "possibly brought art photography’ into a number of homes for the first time" (Idem, p. 14).
Robert McNair and his brother opened a shingle mill and logging camp at Hastings, B.C. In 1891. The Robert McNair Shingle Company was opened in 1904 and incorporated in 1918. By 1914, the company had built a second mill in Port Moody and was logging on Coquitlam Mountain and at Deep Cove. It later purchased timber rights around Howe Sound and the Gulf Islands. In 1937 the company purchased Stave Falls Lumber Company Limited, primarily for the timber the latter company owned. In 1954, the company was closed down (memorybc.ca).
Thirkell F., Scullion B. Frank Gowen’s Vancouver, 1914-1931. Vancouver, 2001.

31. [VOYAGE TO INDIA, WATERCOLOUR ALBUM]
LLOYD BROWNE, C.E.
[Album of Thirty-Six Watercolours and Drawings of India, Ceylon and Coast of the Red Sea, Titled]: Overland Route to Calcutta 1866.

November 1866 - April 1868. Oblong Octavo (13,5x17,5 cm). With thirty-two watercolours and four pencil drawings, including three panoramas on double-sheets. All with period pen or pencil captions and precise dates (usually on the opposing versos). Artist’s name and title inscribed to the front pastedown. Period black gilt tooled half morocco with cloth boards. Expertly rebacked and recornered in style. A couple of leaves with tears and chipping at edges. Otherwise a very good album.
An album of scenic watercolour views of the Red Sea, Arabian Peninsula, India and Ceylon taken from the board of a ship and on site.

The watercolours include a series of 12 coastal profiles of the Red Sea, with two large mountainous panoramas, views of Shadwan (entrance to the Gulf of Suez), Jibbel Tir volcano, Twelve Apostles rocks, mountains in Abyssinia, Arabian coast, nice views of Bab-el-Mandel Strait with Perim Island and steamship "Candia”"et al. Egypt is shown on five watercolours: a view of Suez, two pictures of Alexandria (Pompey’s Pillar, and Pasha’s summer palace), and two views of Cairo including a stunning city panorama with the pyramids in the distance. There are also two superb mountainous views of Aden, and a watercolour of the part of Socotra Island in the Gulf of Aden.

Ceylon views are represented with two watercolours of Point de Galle and Haycock Mountain, and with a picture of sacred mountain Sri Pada (Adam’s Peak).
Eleven watercolour views of India include Madras (Fort St. George) and a series of ‘field’ images apparently taken in camps in different parts of the country: river view of Fort Gloster Mills on the Ganges, Hindu temple in Raibarelli, Oudh; a camp scene in Monghyr (Munger, Bihar State); several camp scenes from Asukera (Oudh region), including one titled "Cooking Route"; stunning view of the Himalayas et al. Three pencil drawings show Qutub Mnar in Delhi, Lucknow (?) and a large panorama of Marseille.

The album is supplemented with a folded ink letter from Sir George Brown (1790-1865) loosely inserted, dated 8th October 1849, to a relation, General Browne; and with a photograph portrait inscribed "May 19 1913. Golden Wedding. L & C. Browne," showing the author of the watercolours.
A unique record of an early overland journey from Europe to India by an intrepid traveller and talented artist.

32. [WALKER, Henry, Captain]
[Manuscript Journal of the Ship Ida From Boston Voyage to Valparaiso, San Blas, Guayaquil and back to Boston in 1821-23, Titled]: Journal kept on board the Ship Ida of Boston <...> from Boston towards N.W. Coast of America.

[Primarily at sea], 1821-1823. Folio (31x19 cm). [188] pp. With two manuscript deeds, and four other sheets of manuscript laid in. Period brown quarter sheep with marbled boards, housed in a new light brown cloth clamshell box with green gilt lettered sheep label. Rubbed at extremities, lightly soiled. Some minor scattered foxing, else text is clean and very legible. Deeds chipped and lightly foxed. Old fold lines; one reinforced along folds, the other with a hole one inch by two, affecting text. Overall a very good manuscript.
The journal details Ida’s voyage in 1821-23 from Boston to San Blas in Mexico around Cape Horn, with stops in Valparaiso (Chile) and Guayaquil (Ecuador), and the return journey to the United States. The voyage went in several stages: at first, from Boston to Valparaiso (December 7th, 1821 - February 14th, 1822); then after a two-month furlough from Valparaiso to San Blas (April 12th - May 24th, 1822); then back to South America, to Guayaquil (August 2nd - September 4th of the same year); from there back to Valparaiso (October 11th - November 24th, 1822), and a return journey to the US (June 1st - July 6th, 1823).

The journal methodically records the nautical details of Ida’s voyage: wind and weather conditions, daily mileage, speed of the ship each hour, latitude and longitude, and geographical objects encountered and passed on the way. Captain Walker notes that he departed on the Ida from Boston harbor "with a heavy heart and thoughts of home," crossed the Equator on the 30th of December, and the next day passed the archipelago of Fernando Noronha (354 km offshore from the Brazilian coast). On the 25th of January she passed the Falkland Islands, and went through the Drake Passage: along Terra del Fuego "for eight leagues making in sharp peaks like steeples," Staten Land (Isla de los Estados) and Diego Ramirez Islands. On the 4th of February Ida rounded Cape Horn, and on that day Walker "saw a Rain Bow at midnight caused by the moon", two days later he observed a moon eclipse. Santiago’s port San Antonio was sighted on the 13th of February, and the next day Ida arrived in Valparaiso.

During the sailing to San Blas Walker noted the ship passing the Galapagos Islands, Cabo Corrientes (Mexico) et al; on return journey to Guayaquil - Islas Marias (Mexico) and Isla de la Plata (Ecuador). Ida arrived to Puna island at the head of Gulf of Guayaquil on the 4th of September. On the way back to Valparaiso she passed Juan Fernandez Island and stayed in port San Antonio, at the mouth of Maipo River for several days. During this part of the voyage Ida got caught in many storms, the note from 24th of October witnesses "Strong gales, squalls and rough sea; ship requires pumping every two hours."
The journal contains an impressive entry describing the Valparaiso earthquake on the 20th of November 1822: "At 11 P.M. We was sudenly [sic] alarmed by a violent shock that effected the ship as if she had struck the bottom, all hands sprung on deck and cried out the ship ashore...on reflection knew it was impossible for her to have struck any bottom in so heavy a sea as was on at the time without bilging the bottom in. I then thought of a wreck of a vessel but lastly I imputed it to an earth quake." Aftershocks wrack the sea periodically for the next few days. On the 22nd of November they got word about the effects of the quake: "They <..,> informed us that there had been a heavy shock of an earth quake on shore and that Valparaiso had been nearly destroyed and had lost 23 lives in the fall of a Castle. St. Jago & several of the towns in the interior had suffered severely the inhabitants about the sea coast fled to the mountains for safety fearing that the sea would flow in upon them, animals of every kind on shore appeared to be affected by the shock."
There is also an interesting note about the ship Emerald of London coming from New South Wales to Rio de Janeiro with a cargo of oil which Ida encountered in the South Atlantic on the 20th of January, 1822. She provided Emerald with provisions, including "6 barrels of flour, 6 of beef, one of pork and two of bread and two cases of gin," but the next day the sailors "found a strange man on board that had secreted himself under one of the forecastle berths; he said he came from the Emerald in the second boat - he is supposed to be a convict from New Holland." No hint is given as to the fate of the stowaway. The journal also keeps track of wildlife seen at sea, including dolphins, sharks, turtles, flying fish, and albatrosses, boobies and various other birds.
One of the later notes records the sale of Ida: "I was informed by Capt. Scott that the ship Ida was sold this day" (1st of March, 1823). There is no record of the interim period, and Walker's entries are both brief and incomplete about a return journey to Boston in summer 1823. There are notes in a later hand throughout the volume which give pieces of information about Walker, and a paragraph on the last page gives an account of Walker's return, indicating that Walker returned on a whaling vessel to Nantucket and thence to Boston.
The two deeds pertain to land. They are marked as "Deed, Walker to Woodbury," and "Nancy Walker's share in the estate of Luke Woodbury - Copy." The other manuscript sheets are in the same later hand as in the journal and elaborate further on Walker's life and career.
Overall an interesting collection related to 19th century US commercial maritime voyages.

33. [WEST AFRICA PHOTOGRAPHS]
[French Traveller's Photograph Album of West Africa with Fifty-Three Original Photographs].

French West Africa, ca. 1880. Oblong Small Folio. 53 leaves. With fifty-three mounted photographs each ca, 11x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in), many captioned in French in negative on image. Period black gilt titled half morocco with cloth boards. Rebacked in style, some images mildly faded, otherwise a very good album.

The images include: Ile de Goree, Ste. Marie de Bathurst "Gambie," Guinee Francais, Dakar, Conakry, Rio Nunez, Rio Pongo, Freetown, Sierra Leone and additionally many interesting ethnographical images of the indigenous peoples in these areas are included. The album covers the coastal areas between Dakar and Freetown which was at the time French, Portuguese and British colonial West Africa and today encompasses Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea and Sierra Leone.

"As the French pursued their part in the scramble for Africa in the 1880s and 1890s, they conquered large inland areas, and at first ruled them as either a part of the Senegal colony, or as independent entities. These conquered areas were usually governed by French Army officers, and dubbed "Military Territories". In the late 1890s, the French government began to rein in the territorial expansion of its "officers on the ground", and transferred all the territories west of Gabon to a single Governor based in Senegal, reporting directly to the Minister of Overseas Affairs" (Wikipedia).

34. ALBERTINI, Francesco (1469-1510)
Opusculum de Mirabilibus Novae & Veteris Urbis Romae [First Topography of both Ancient and Modern Rome containing an Important Reference to Amerigo Vespucci and his New World Discoveries].

Rome: Giacomo Mazzocchi, 1515. Second Edition. Small Quarto. 103 leaves. Beautiful period style crimson very elaborately gilt tooled full morocco. A near fine copy.

First "topography of both ancient and modern Rome, containing an important reference to Amerigo Vespucci and his New World discoveries. Since the early Middle Ages guide-books had been written for the use of pilgrims to Rome. Many editions of the Mirabilia were printed before Albertini produced this first modern guide to the city. Besides an account of ancient Rome, with information about excavations and archaeological discoveries, he tells us also about the churches and buildings commissioned by Julius II and the artists who decorated them. In connection with the Sistine Chapel we learn about Botticelli, Ghirlandaio, Lippi, and Michelangelo. This latter reference, together with another in Albertini’s Memoriale of the same year, represents the earliest printed notice of that artist.
In the third section there is one of the earliest description of the Vatican Library “in qua sunt codices auro et argento sericinisque tegminibus exornati and mentioning the Codex Vergilianus”; the author also refers to the Library’s collections of astronomical and geometrical instruments. The final portion of the work is a laudatory account of the cities of Florence and Savona (the birthplace of Pope Julius II, to whom the book is dedicated). Here we also find mention of many eminent literary and artistic persons such as Dante, Petrarch, Boccaccio, Brunelleschi, Leonardo da Vinci, et al.

It is this section also that includes the famous reference to Amerigo Vespucci and his New World discoveries: “Albericus Vespulcius of Florence, sent by the most Christian King of Portugal, but lastly by the Catholic King of Spain, first discovered new islands and unknown countries, as is plainly set forth in his book, where he describes the stars, and the new islands, as is also seen in his Letter upon the New World, addressed to Lorenzo de Medici the Younger” (trans.).
There is not much biographical information about the author. It is thought that he was born in the second half of the fifteenth century and died in Rome between 1517 and 1521. A native of Florence he came to Rome in 1502 and was chaplain to Cardinal Fazio Santori. In this same year of 1510 was published in Florence his Memoriale di molte statue e pitture della cittá de Firenze and also in Rome his Septem mirabilia Orbis et Urbis Romae et Florentinae civitatis, but the present Opusculum is his best known work. From its Preface we learn also that he was the author of several other works – De modo recte vivendi, De sacramento, for example – but no copies are known to exist" (Kraus-185-14), Alden-Landis 510/1, Sabin 553, Church 33A.

35. ALEXANDER, Sir James Edward (1803-1885)
An Expedition of Discovery into the Interior of Africa, Through the Hitherto Undescribed Countries of the Great Namaquas, Boschmans, and Hill Damaras Performed Under the Auspices of her Majesty's Government, and the Royal Geographical Society.

London: Henry Colburn, 1838. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xxiv, 302; viii, 306 pp. With seven etched plates, seven wood engravings in text and a folding outline hand colored map. Original publisher's blue patterned gilt cloth and housed in a custom made slip case. Map with an expertly repaired tear, plates mildly foxed, Volume one recased, otherwise a very good set.
Alexander "proceeded to Namaqualand and Damaraland, which countries were little known at this time. Leaving Cape Town in 1836, he traversed these regions in an ox wagon, and went through a large part of the country now known as German West Africa, arriving at Walvisch Bay almost exhausted with the difficulties of travel and want of water" (Mendelssohn I p. 20); Gay 3126; Hess & Coger 5143.
In "South Africa as aide-de camp to Sir Benjamin D'urban in the Kaffir War, and in 1835-36 led an expedition into Namaqualand and Damaraland (Namibia), becoming the first European to travel overland from Cape Town to Walvis Bay. En route he discovered deposits of copper, and in 1836 at Alexander Bay (named after him, at the mouth of the Orange River) discovered diamonds. He covered nearly 6500 kilometers without losing a man, brought back many specimens of birds and plants, and produced a good map of the region. For his services he was knighted in 1838" (Howgego 1800-1850, A4). Alexander "saved Cleopatra's Needle from destruction, and had much to do with its transfer to England in 1877" (Oxford DNB).

36. BALDAEUS, Philip (1632-72)
A Description of ye East India Coasts of Malabar and Cormandel with Their Adjacent Kingdoms & Provinces & of the Empire of Ceylon and of the Idolatry of the Pagans in the East Indies.

London: Henry Lintot and John Osborn, 1732. Second English Edition. Quarto. 323 (499-822) pp. With a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, an engraved title-page, and 37 other full and double-page engravings and many other in text copper engravings. Handsome period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards, raised bands and a red gilt morocco label. A very good copy.

Complete in itself extract out of volume three of Churchill's Voyages. "The author was a Dutch missionary in the Malabar and Coromandel Districts. His narrative gives considerable information on the Dutch settlements in Southern India. He bears witness to the ravages of the dreaded Malabar pirates who still infested the western coasts of India" (Cox I, p. 283).

Baldaeus arrived in Ceylon in 1656 from Batavia with four other pastors and remained on the island until 1665. He immediately assigned himself and one other pastor to Jaffna, the Tamil region in the north of the island, while two more went to Galle and the fourth to Colombo. The pastors set about taking over the churches and schools left by the various Catholic missions and converting their flocks to the 'true Reformed faith.' Baldaeus and his pastors concentrated on the younger members of the community, the older ones being regarded as too entrenched in their Catholic practices. Baldaeus soon acquired a knowledge of Tamil and translated the Ten Commandments, the Lord's Prayer, and the Articles of Faith. In 1658 he was chaplain to the campaigns of Rijcklof van Goens along the coasts of Malabar and Ceylon, but in 1665 his challenge to the authority of Van Goens led to the missionary's sudden removal to Europe" (Howgego B10).

37. BARNES, Albert Henry (1876-1920)
[Album of 26 Original Photographs of Mount Rainier National Park, Titled]: "Scenes near Meslers’."

Parkland, ca. 1900-1910. Oblong Quarto (21x28,5 cm). With twenty-six large mounted silver gelatin photographs mounted on fourteen stiff card leaves with tissue guards. Photographs, mostly ca. 14x20 cm (5 ½ x 7 ¾ in), with a few smaller ones ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and a large panorama ca. 14x25 cm (5 ½ x 9 ¾ in) composed of two images. All images with period ink captions, some inscribed in negative in lower margins. Period gray papered boards with a black cloth spine and a manuscript title on the front cover. Tissue guards creased, some with tears, covers rubbed at extremities and with some white paint on parts but overall a very good album with strong clear images.

This photo album contains photographs of the famous park’s landmarks, including distance and close up views of Mt. Rainier, Tatoosh Mountains and Paradise Valley, mountainous scenery taken from Beljica and Mesler Peaks, views of Puyallup, Nisqually, Paradise and Mashel Rivers, Rainier Fork (a tributary of the American River), Narada Falls of the Paradise River et al; photos of Spanaway, Reflection, Mineral and Clear Lakes; forest scenery includes an image of a road "3 miles above Elbe," and a portrait of a ranger with a gun in the background of a "Fir tree on Roundtop Creek, Lewis Co. Wn. Diam. Over 13 Ft."

Barnes quoted Theodore Winthrop’s description of Mt. Rainier in the introduction to his book "Our Greatest Mountain and Alpine Wonders": "Thus for hours I had been travelling the blind path, harsh, darksome and utterly lonely, unging on with no outlook, encountering no land mark, when suddenly above the surges of forest appeared Tacoma; large and neighbor it stood, so near that every jewel of its snow fields seemed to send me a separate ray, and yet so near, but that I could see its whole form from clear cut edge to edge. The giant fires that once burned under that cold summit had long since gone out. The great dome that raised in fury had crusted over and fallen in upon itself. Only the thought of peace arose from this heaven upbearing monument like incense and overflowing filled the world with deep and holy calm."

"Both a photographer and a painter, Albert Henry Barnes photographed the people, the cities and the landscapes of the Pacific Northwest. Well known as both a photographer and an oil painter, he documented images of the landscape, people, and cities and towns of Western Washington around the turn of the 20th century. However, little is known about his life. He apparently operated out of studios both in Parkland and Tacoma. His images appeared in some local newspapers from 1905-1915. He also wrote descriptive articles for photography magazines, railroad publications, and travel books. In 1909, he photographed, wrote and published a work entitled: Sights and scenes from Tacoma to Paradise Park: forty-eight views. In 1911, in collaboration with his friend A.H. Denman, he published his best-known work: "Our Greatest Mountain and Alpine Regions of Wonder". The work contained a number of Barnes landscape photographs, as well as a color reproduction of his painting entitled "Mount Tacoma."
In addition to his publication work, he provided services for the Washington State Historical Society such as documenting commemorative services for some of the historical markers erected by the society. Among the photographs in this collection are images of unidentified homesteaders, early scenes in Mount Rainier National Park, the Columbia River Gorge, hotels and lodges in Western Washington, and scenes of Tacoma" (Albert Henry Barnes Photographs/ Washington University Libraries on-line).

38. BOSMAN, William (born 1672)
A New and Accurate Description of the Coast of Guinea, Divided into the Gold, the Slave and the Ivory Coasts. Containing a Geographical, Political and Natural History of the Kingdoms and Countries: With a Particular Account of the Rise, Progress and Present Condition of all the European Settlements upon that Coast; and the Just Measures for Improving the several Branches of the Guinea Trade.

London: J. Knapton et al., 1705. First Edition. Octavo. [viii], 493, [16], [3] pp. With a copper engraved folding map and seven copper engraved plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled panelled full calf with a maroon gilt label. Several sections with some mild browning of text, hinges cracked but holding, otherwise a very good copy.

"Bosman was the chief factor for the Dutch at the Castle of St. George d'Elmina. He gives an omnibus type of description" (Cox I p.368). Bosman was "an employee of the Dutch East India Company and chief Dutch factor at the castle of Elmina. He stayed on the coast for fourteen years, his Voyage de Guinee, published in 1704, being regarded as the first authoritative and detailed account of the West Coast of Africa. It is a major source for the Dutch slave trade during the second half of the Seventeenth century, and provides an interesting picture of international rivalry, current trade, and the wretched depraved existence of the European factors stationed permanently on the coast" (Howgego, F58); "An account of Dutch commercial activities in West Africa in the form of letters from Bosman to D. Havart in Rotterdam. Bosman was an employee of the Dutch West India Company" (Bell, B396).

39. BOUGAINVILLE, Louis Antoine de (1729-1811)
Voyage autour du monde, par la frégate du Roi, La Boudeuse, et la flûte L'Etoile; en 1766, 1767, 1768 & 1769;
[With: Magra, James, attributed author.] Supplément au voyage de M. De Bougainville; ou journal d'un voyage autour du monde, fait par MM. Banks & Solander, Anglois, en 1768, 1769, 1770, 1771. Traduit de l'Anglois, par M. De Fréville [A Voyage Round the World. Performed by Order of His Most Christian Majesty, in the Years 1766, 1767, 1768 and 1769].

Paris: Chez Saillant & Nyon, 1772-1793. Second and Best French Edition. Octavo, 3 vols. xliii, 336; [ii], 453+[3]; xvi, 360 pp. With three folding copper engraved plates and 21 folding copper engraved maps. Handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled mottled full calf. The separately published third volume expertly rebound to match the first two, otherwise a very good set.

"The voyage of the Badeuse and the Etoile under Bougainville became the first official French circumnavigation.., During this voyage, Bougainville visited Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo, and Patagonia in South America; he was also in Buenos Aires when the order for the expulsion of the Jesuits of Paraguay arrived, which he describes in detail. He then proceeded through the Strait of Magellan and across the Pacific, visiting the Tuamotu Archipelago, Tahiti, the Samoan Islands, the New Hebrides, and the Solomon, Louisiade, and New Britain Archipelagoes. At the end of the volume, there is a long description of Tahiti, containing observations concerning the natives as well as a vocabulary of 300 words used on the island. Also included is an account of Aotourou (Mayoa), a Tahitian who returned to France with Bougainville. Bougainville also touched at the Moluccas, Batavia, and Mauritius before he arrived once again in France in 1769. Although Bougainville made only a few important discoveries, he created a great deal of interest among the French in the Pacific" (Hill 163-4). The "supplement" here is a translation of a highly important anonymous account of Cook's first voyage (by James Magra), published without authorization only two months after the return of the Endeavour, and a full two years before the official account by Hawkesworth; this is thus the first account of Captain Cook in French. Beddie 697; Cox I, p. 55; Howgego B142; Sabin 6867.

40. BRIQUET, A[bel] (1833-?)
Souveniers du Mexique – Vistas Mexicanas [Photograph Album of Mexican Views with Twenty-One Original Photographs].

Mexico, ca. 1880. Oblong Folio. 22 leaves. With twenty-one mounted photographs each ca, 18,5 x 24 cm (7 ½ x 9 ½ in) with printed captions in Spanish and English mounted beneath. Original publishers brown gilt titled cloth boards, rebacked in style with matching brown gilt tooled morocco. Mounts with some sporadic mild foxing, otherwise a very good album.

This interesting album contains strong images including the statue of Christopher Columbus, Reform Drive, statue of Quahutemoc, the cathedral, Plaza Mayor, the village of Ameca-Meca, Castle of Chapultepec, customs house of Vera-Cruz, wharf Vera-Cruz, Vera-Cruz from San Juan de Ulua, Orizaba, ravine of Metlac, Guadalajara Municipal Palace and Military Plaza, Guadalajara, Falls of Juanacatlan, Guanajuato, Zacatecas, View of Real del Monte, Grupo de Tehuantepequenas, Puebla, Popocatepetl and Ixtaccihuatl.
"Originally from France, Abel Briquet (also known as Alfred Briquet) is believed to be one of the first modern commercial photographers in Mexico. The date that he first began working in Mexico is uncertain, but it is believed that he began his Mexican photography career in the 1870s (Casanova 2007) or in 1883 (Debroise 2001). Briquet received a commission in 1876 to photograph the Mexican National Railway between Veracruz and Mexico City, and was funded through an 1883 commission from the Campagnie Maritime Transatlantique to photograph Mexican ports. His work additionally included a series of cityscape and landscape views; photographs of flora and fauna; "typical" scenes; views of pre-Columbian, colonial, and modern buildings and monuments; and commemorative albums that were commissioned by the Diaz government. He opened his own photography studio in 1885, but it is not certain whether he was involved in portrait photography.

Mexican landscape scenes were particularly popular during the nineteenth century, and foreign photographers were responsible for shooting most of these images. During the early part of his career, Briquet followed many of the photographic conventions of his time. For example, in his Tipos Mexicanos series, he photographed the tlachiquero, a laborer who used a long gourd to remove sap from the maguey plant. The sap was then used to make pulque, which was a popular alcoholic drink. Some of Briquet's images were sold as postcards at handicraft and souvenir shops in Mexico. As his career progressed, Briquet began to photograph images of factories and other modern structures that represented the technological advancement of Mexico and "portrayed landscapes in transition." In 1909, Briquet created a noted album entitled Mexico Moderno, which included photographs of luxurious private homes which were built in the "French style" and were located in the Colonia Juarez neighborhood of Mexico City" (University of Texas Library Online).

41. BROUGHTON, F., & DELAMOTTE, W.A. (1775-1863)
Views of the Overland Journey to India from Original Sketches. Twelve Views Drawn on Zinc by W.A. Delamotte from the Original Sketches.

London: Published for the Proprietor by C. Chabot, 1847. First Edition. Folio. Twelve tinted lithographs. Loose in original beige printed pictorial paper wrappers. Housed in brown cloth clam shell box with a spine label. A near fine copy.
Very Rare skillfully executed Lithographs with Worldcat locating only three copies. The twelve lithographs include the title, Street in Cairo, Crossing the Desert, Arabs Waiting, Hotel near Cairo, Hotel in the Desert, Malta, Aden, Suez, Visit to Karnack, Gibraltar from the Sea, Gibraltar from Neutral Ground. "Probably privately produced" (Abbey Travel 522). "In the early years of the nineteenth century [Delamotte] was one of a group of pioneering younger British artists that included Constable and Turner, who sketched landscape in the open in oils" (Oxford DNB).

42. BRUCE, James (1730-1794)
Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile, in the Years 1768, 1769, 1770, 1771, 1772, and 1773.

Edinburgh: J. Ruthven, 1790. First Edition. Quarto, 5 vols. lxxxiii, 535; viii, 718; viii, 759; viii, 695; xiv, 230, [10] pp. With three large folding engraved maps, 58 engraved plates of animals, birds, plants, battle plans, and four leaves of Ethiopic script. Engraved title vignettes & headpieces. Period brown gilt tooled diced full calf, rebacked with maroon and dark green gilt labels. The fifth volume has irregular pagination but is complete with continuous text. Corners and several covers with some wear, sporadic mild foxing of some plates, maps backed with linen, otherwise a very good set.

"In 1768, accompanied by Balugani, [Bruce] began a journey up the Nile to investigate its source, which he believed lay in Ethiopia. The hazards of travel in Sudan led him to proceed eastward from Aswan across the desert to Quseir and thence to Jidda in Arabia; recrossing the Red Sea, he landed at Massawa, Eritrea, on September 19, 1769. He reached Gondar, then the capital of Ethiopia, on February 14, 1770" (Delpar p. 84); "This Work is particularly important for its portrayal of Abyssinia, little known to his contemporaries, for its literary merits and for the final volume on natural history" (Blackmer Sale 434); Cox I p. 388-389; Gay 44; Hilmy I, 91.
"Sailing up the Nile to Aswan, [Bruce] visited the ruins of Thebes.., Visiting Karnak and Luxor, Bruce began making detailed terrestrial observations and charting the course of the Nile. Having chosen to approach Abyssinia from the Red Sea town of Massawa, Bruce retraced his steps back from the first Nile cataract in order to make the desert crossing to Quseir on the Red Sea. Arriving at Jiddah in early May 1769 after an eventful sea-crossing, he stayed for three months in the company of the British East India Company captains who frequented the port, employing the time to survey and chart the Red Sea..., [after] Bruce stayed two months in Massawa.., [his] caravan began the laborious ascent into the mountains of central Abyssinia, bound for the then capital, Gondar. Enduring physical hardships and surmounting technical difficulties in carrying delicate surveying instruments over the rough mountain terrain, Bruce first witnessed the Abyssinian custom of eating raw beef cut from living beasts, his account of which met with great scepticism upon his return to England. After stopping to visit the ruins of Aksum, capital of Abyssinia from the fifth century AD, he arrived at Gondar on 14 February 1770..,

Bruce was only the second European to visit the isolated mountain kingdom of Abyssinia since the 1630s. Bruce's knowledge of the Tigrinya and Amaharic languages, the favour his medical knowledge won him with the royal ladies, and his insistence, having dropped his Syrian disguise, that he was no hated Roman Catholic but a protestant Christian, were instrumental to his success at court in Gondar, and the emperor made him governor of the province of Ras-el-Fil, on the Sudanese border. In the spring of 1770 he accompanied Michael's army on an expedition against Fasil which enabled him to explore Lake Tana and visit the falls of Tissisat: but Michael's army was forced to retreat and Bruce had to abandon his first quest to reach the springs of the Nile at Gish.
On 28 October 1770 Bruce and his party once again left Gondar bound for Gish, which the emperor had granted him as a fiefdom.., On 4 November 1770 the party crossed the Little Abbai, by this point a tiny stream, arriving at the swampy ‘Nile source’ at Gish. Bruce triumphantly toasted George III, Catherine the Great, and the mysterious ‘Maria’ (possibly Bruce's fiancée), and gave vent to the ‘sublime of discovery’: it is easier to guess than describe the situation of my mind at that moment—standing in that spot which had baffled the genius, industry, and inquiry, of both ancients and moderns, for the course of nearly three thousand years"(Bruce, 3.597)
Bruce's 1200 mile return journey to Egypt via the Sudanese desert was the most dangerous stage of his whole expedition.., Striking out across the great Nubian Desert, rather than following the much longer Nile loop, Bruce's caravan soon ran out of food and water. At Saffeiliyyah the small party slaughtered and ate their last camel, struggling on to Aswan on foot, having abandoned all specimens and journals. They arrived at the Egyptian frontier city on 29 November 1772, after a twenty-day desert ordeal; as soon as he had recovered his strength Bruce plunged back into the desert to retrieve his jettisoned baggage. Suffering from severely swollen feet, guinea worm in his leg, and malaria, he hastened to Cairo" (Oxford DNB).

43. BUNTING, Charles
[CAPTAIN WILLIAM "BULLY"HAYES, THE LAST BUCCANEER OF THE PACIFIC]
[Autograph Letter Signed to Bunting’s Brother Stephen [?] in San Francisco Regarding the Notorious Voyage of Captain Hayes’ Brig Ellenita from San Francisco to Sydney in 1859, Its Foundering Near Samoa and Consequent Hardships the Passengers Had to Suffer Before Being Rescued];
[With: Autograph Letter Signed from Mr. Ray, Victoria, Regarding Ellenita’s Earlier Engagement as a Cargo Ship in the British Columbia Lumber Industry].

Sydney, Australia, 1 January 1860. On a folded double folio leaf (ca. 34x21,5 cm) of white paper, and a quarto leaf of blue paper watermarked "Joynson" (ca. 25,5x20 cm). 6 pp. Paper worn, the white leaf strengthened on folds, ink stain on the blue leaf, not affecting the text. Overall a very good letter. Second Letter: Victoria, 5 April [?] 1858. On a folded octavo leaf (ca. 18,5x22,5 cm) of laid paper, watermarked "Joynson 1856." 2 pp. Paper soiled and worn on folds, but overall a very good letter.
A striking first-hand account of one of the earliest in a series of sea frauds and disasters by a legendary blackbirder and swindler of the South Pacific William Henry "Bully" Hayes (1827 or 1829 - 1877). This extensive letter written by Charles Bunting, a passenger of Hayes’ brig Ellenita, emotionally retells the story of the ship’s unfortunate voyage from San Francisco to Sydney in August-December 1859. The old brig Ellenita, bought and equipped by Hayes partly on credit, was intended to deliver passengers and cargo to Sydney via Hawaii. After leaving Hawaii it started to leak and was making water so fast, that all crew members and passengers had to constantly pump the water out. It didn’t help, and on October 16th, when within 70 miles from Samoa, the brig was abandoned, with the crew and the passengers were distributed between a small life boat and a quickly built raft.

"Mr. Bunting and son" were noted as survivors of Ellenita’s wreck who were put in the boat (see Sydney Herald of 24 Dec 1859, 4 Jan 1860 and following). Charles Bunting’s letter not only documents the events of this unfortunate voyage, but also provides some vivid and emotional remarks, for example a note that the passengers including Bunting had to pump water out of the leaking Ellenita "every other four hours for 3 weeks. The Capt the scoundrel walking about nursing a lap dog he had, taking the world easy whilst us poor devils were pumping night and day up to this time".
Initially Charles was put on the raft and was separated from his son Willie was taken to the boat: "When dear little was put in the boat he looked up and said: ‘Goodbye, Papa, I will never see you anymore’. It was really heart rendering and all felt it <..,> After we got on this raft, [it] settled considerable so that the seas washed completely over us, to make matters worse a couple of very large sharks came around and were very savage. No one can have any idea of our feelings <..,> I thought we were sure to die and before doing so would have to suffer awfully. But thanks to an Almighty Providence, it was otherwise ordained."

Later Bunting was transferred to the boat, and shortly after the captain decided to leave the raft, as the boat had a bigger chance to reach the land by itself, and then seek for help. Bunting recalls: "the Capt told us he thought it was no use for us to stay any longer by the raft, as we could do them no good and we might take some land and get assistance. He then told them on the raft his intentions. I shall never forget their looks [emphasis added], it was perfect despair and if it had not of been for sharks around, they would have attempted to swim to us."
After four days, the survivors on the boat sighted land - it was Savaii Island from the Samoa group; the natives then piloted the boat into the harbour of the nearby Satou village.
Banting: "All the provisions we had when we left the raft [boat] was that tin box of crackers of mine, some sardines, a piece of smoked beef and two jugs of water. Soon after we landed the natives commenced plundering and threatening our lives. We were quite helpless and sore from exposure of the sun and water." He then describes that eventually they were rescued by the white settlers of the nearby islands and stayed with them for about two weeks, noting that the islands "are really beautiful and among the finest in the world, for all kind of fruit that grows in a tropical country."
Finally a full scale rescue operation was started with the arrival of the British man-of-war Elk which brought "the Consuls" and "immediately started to look for the raft. The Consuls then went to Sataua, the village where we were so ill treated; they got some of the things they had robbed us of and then fined them $600, if not paid in a certain time a Man of War will blow their town up." The survivors were taken to Apia (the capital of Samoa) "under the Charge of the Consuls; the natives taking us in 2 war canoes. The distance was over a 100 miles & was really a beautiful excursion around those beautiful Islands. The natives who paddled us to the number of about 30, all dressed and painted looking really savage, singing their war song as we went along." The letter goes on to describe the four weeks in Apia, and further adventures until the survivors' arrival in Sydney. Bunting stayed in the house of a German merchant and frequently saw the English Consul, which caused jealousy from "the Capt and the rest."
Bunting’s letter also talks about the fate of the raft survivors: "I went on board [man of war in Sydney] when I unexpectedly met the poor devils who we had left on the raft. They had been on 19 days and drifted on to Wallace Island. Their suffering were awful, one died and 13 lived, he was going mad before dying. They fortunately caught three sharks which they lived on and frequently drinking their own urine."
Ellenita’s foundering was widely covered in the Sydney Morning Herald (issues from 24th December 1859, 2nd and 4th January 1860 and following). The more reports appeared, the more accusations against Captain Hayes they brought, namely of frauds, unpaid debts and even piracy, with the article from the 6th of January titled "A Remarkable Story of a Scoundrel" (extracted from the San Francisco Evening Bulletin). Bunting’s letter also mentions that he discussed the matter with the English Consul in Apia: "I told the Consul of the way Capt. Hayes had treated me and also of the way he had left San Francisco. He advised me to keep dark on the subject till I arrived to Sydney and when the man of was came he would state the case to the Captain."
The last page of Bunting’s letter is occupied by a letter to his friend, William I. Wright, Esq.
The second letter addressed to "James Duncan, Albert Mills" and dated 1849 concerning Duncan’s debt to the author of the letter, Mr. Ray from Victoria, and proposes the plan of paying with lumber which will be loaded to the brig Ellenita.
William Henry "Bully" Hayes was a ship's captain who engaged in blackbirding in the 1860s and 1870s and whose arrival on any Pacific Island would cause islanders to hide in fear of being kidnapped and shipped off to be a labourer on some distant plantation.
Hayes operated across the breadth of the Pacific in the 1850s until his murder on 31 March 1877 by his cook Peter Radeck, or "Dutch Pete." Hayes has been described as a South Sea pirate and "the last of the Buccaneers". However James A. Michener & A. Grove Day, in their account of his life, warn that it is almost impossible to separate fact from legend in his life; they described Hayes as "a cheap swindler, a bully, a minor confidence man, a thief, a ready bigamist" and comment there is no evidence that Hayes ever took a ship by force in the tradition of a pirate or privateer (Wikipedia).
Notorious in every Pacific port, Hayes became a legendary figure, first in Rolf Boldrewood's A Modern Buccaneer (1894), based on a Louis Becke manuscript, and later as a principal character in many of Becke's own tales of the South Seas. Although uneducated Hayes had infinite resource, great plausibility and was undoubtedly a rogue in the grand manner (Australian Dictionary of Biography).

44. BURTON, Captain Richard Francis (1821-1890)
Explorations of the Highlands of the Brazil; with a Full Account of the Gold and Diamond Mines. Also, Canoeing Down 1500 Miles of the Great River Sao Francisco, from Sabara to the Sea.

London: Tinsley Brothers, 1869. First Edition, First Issue. 2 vols, Octavo. Xii, 443; viii, 478, [2] pp. Two wood engraved frontispieces, two title page vignettes, and an outline hand colored folding map. Original publisher's green decorative pictorial (picture of Indian) blind stamped gilt cloth housed in a custom made slip case. A couple of small library stamps and exlibris, some mild foxing, otherwise a very good set.

"In this classic work Burton describes his journey from Rio to Minas via Tres Barras, the River Velhas, Penedo, and the Paulo Afonso Falls" (Borba de Moraes, I, p.137); "Brazil, from Rio to Minas Gerais and the Sao Francisco river valley, through the eyes of a distinguished orientalist and africanist, ex-consul of Great Britain at Santos" (Griffin 6499).
"In September 1864 [Burton] was transferred to the consulate in Santos, Brazil. Considering Santos unhealthy, Burton established a pleasant retreat at São Paulo, 45 miles distant. At Rio de Janeiro he and Isabel enjoyed the favour of emperor Dom Pedro II, a student of Arabic and other Eastern languages. A leave in Minas Gerais resulted in The Highlands of the Brazil (2 vols., 1869). Another literary production of Burton's Brazilian years was Vikram and the Vampire (1870), a translation of Hindu folk tales" (Oxford DNB); Burton's wife Isabel travelled with him throughout his three years in Brazil, and was responsible for the manuscript and the printing. While she did not change the text, in Sir Richard's absence she added her own Preface in which she warns the reader "to steer through these anthropological sand-banks and hidden rocks as best he or she may", clearly dismayed that her husband had again in this work supported polygamy and criticized the Catholic Church. Penzer, p. 78-80; Sabin 9498.

45. BURTON, I[nger] M[aria] (1828-1897)
[Two Signed Stone Town, Zanzibar Watercolours Created at Around the Time When David Livingstone was There Preparing for his Last Expedition].

[Zanzibar], ca. 1865. Two matted watercolours each ca. 14x37 cm (5 ½ x 14 ½ in). The top watercolour with some mild foxing, otherwise very good watercolours.
The two well executed and scenic watercolours show port scenes in Stone Town, Zanzibar.

"In 1840, Sultan Said bin Sultan moved his seat from Muscat, Oman, to Stone Town, which thus entered an era of quick development as the new capital of the Sultanate of Oman and Zanzibar. In 1861, as a consequence of a war of succession within the Omani royal family, Zanzibar and Oman were separated, with Zanzibar becoming an independent sultanate under Sultan Majid bin Said.

In the 19th century Stone Town also flourished as a trading centre. It was especially renowned for the commerce of spices (mostly cloves) and slaves. Around middle of the century, the sultanate had a close relationship with the British; David Livingstone, for example, is known to have stayed in Stone Town in 1866 while he was preparing his final expedition into the interior of East Africa. In the same period, several immigrant communities from Oman, Persia and India formed as a consequence of the town's intense commercial activity" (Wikipedia).

46. CAILLIAUD, Frédéric (1787-1879)
Voyage a Méroé, au Fleuve blanc, au-delà de Fâzoql dans le midi du Royaume de Sennâr, a Syouah et dans cinq Autres Oasis; fait dans les Années 1819, 1820, 1821 et 1822. [Travels to Meroe, the White River, beyond Fâzoql in the South of the Kingdom of Sennar, Syouah and five Other Oasis; made in the Years 1819, 1820, 1821 and 1822].

Paris: Debure, Tillard & Treuttel et Wurtz, 1823-7. First Edition. Octavo, 4 vols,&2 in 1 Folio Atlas. xv, 429; [iv], 442; [iv], 431; [iv], 416; [xxxii], [xx] pp. With fifteen engraved plates in text volumes and 150 lithographed plates in the two parts in one atlas volume. Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a maroon gilt morocco label. Some mild foxing of plates, otherwise a very good set.

On his last expedition Cailliaud examined the ruins of Meroe, met Hanbury and Waddington, reached Halfaya at the junction of the White and Blue Nile, went to Sennar and travelled down the Blue Nile until he was within sight of the mountains of Ethiopia. "This work gives an account of Cailliaud's second Journey in Egypt between 1819 and 1822 published in collaboration with Jomard. He visited the oasis of Siwah and Jupiter Ammon and accompanied the military expedition of Ismail Pasha (son of Mehmet Ali) to Nubia, where he explored the ruins of the ancient city of Meroe, remarkable for its two hundred pyramids. The work is of particular importance for its abundance of detail of contemporary Egypt, its people and antiquities"(Blackmer Sale Catalogue 449); Gay 2572; Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 113.
"Cailliaud joined "the expedition, offering to prospect for gold mines in the Sudan. With it he advanced well to the South, and at Wadi Halfa encountered the English travellers George Waddington and Barnard Hanbury. By March 1821 the expedition had reached Berber, where Cailliaud went ahead to examine the ruins of Ancient Meroe. Using James Bruce's map he located on 25.4.21, at Assour to the north of Shendi, the stepped pyramids of Bagrawia" (Howgego 1800-1850 C1).

47. CAILLIE, Rene (1799-1838)
Travels Through Central Africa to Timbuctoo; and Across the Great Desert, to Morocco, Performed in the Years 1824-1828.

London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1830. First English Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. viii, 475; xiv, 501 pp. With an aquatint portrait frontispiece, a double page view of Timbuctoo, 4 other plates, and 2 large folding maps. Period style brown gilt tooled polished full calf. Plates and maps with mild foxing, otherwise a very good set.
"Caillie began his quest for Timbuctoo in March 1827 at the mouth of the Rio Nunez, in what is now Guinea, and reached the Niger at Kouroussa in June. To disarm suspicion along the way, he claimed to be an Egyptian of Arab parentage who had been taken to France as a youngster and was now returning to the land of his birth. From August 3, 1827, until January 9, 1828, he was forced to remain at Tieme, being felled first by foot trouble and then by a bout with scurvy. He reached Timbuctoo on April 20, 1828, and stayed there until May 4, thereby becoming the second European to visit the city of his own volition and the first to survive the journey" (Delpar p.95); Hess & Coger 5426.

"Caillie reached Kabara, the port of Timbuktu, on 19.4.28, and accompanied Sidi-Abdallahi, the agent of the sheikh of Djenne, into Timbuktu later that day. Caillie was sorely disappointed with what he saw: a dreary, sleepy little town on the edge of the desert, having none of the excitement or commerce that its fame had suggested. The more important buildings had fallen into disrepair and the population lived perpetually in fear of Tuareg attack. Caillie remained only two weeks in Timbuktu, and on 4.5.28, anxious to depart, joined a caravan of 1400 camels heading for Morocco" (Howgego 1800-1850 C2).

48. CELLA, Paolo della & Pezant, Adolphe [Translator]
[TRAVELS FROM TRIPOLI TO EGYPT] Voyage en Afrique au Royaume de Barcah et dans la Cyrénaique à travers le désert. Traduit et augmenté de notes historiques, géographiques et botaniques, et d'une notice sur l'ancienne et moderne Cyrénaique, sur le royaume de Fezzan, sur Temboctou, sur l'Oasis de Syouah, l'antique Oasis d'Ammon et le temple de Jupiter, sur le vent du Désert, sur l'Ibis sacré, sur le Lotus, sur le Papyrus égyptien, et sur le Silphium si recherché des Anciens. [Narrative of an Expedition from Tripoli in Barbary to the Western Frontier of Egypt in 1817 by the Bey of Tripoli].

Paris: Armand-Aubrée, 1840. First Edition. Octavo. xvi, 432 pp. With a lithographed frontispiece and seven other lithographs on plates and a large folding engraved map. Handsome period style red gilt tooled half straight-grained morocco with marbled boards. A very good uncut copy.
This rare work, originally published in Italian and then translated into German and English before this current French edition, was written by the physician attendant to the Bey. "The author gives an animated description of what he saw" (Playfair, Tripoli 146).These coastal travels in what is present day Libya, took the author from Tripoli via Misrata, Ajdabiya, Benghazi, Derna to Bombah near the border with Egypt. The most valuable scientific contribution of the work is on Libyan flora, some of which is illustrated on the plates, as three hundred botanical specimens were collected, including twenty-six species new to science.

49. CHARDIN, John (1643-1713)
The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East Indies, Through the Black Sea and the Country of Colchis.

London: Moses Pitt, 1689. First Edition, Second Impression. Folio. [xiii], 417; [8]; 154; [5] pp. Frontispiece portrait, engraved title, printed title, plus a folding map of the Black Sea, and 16 engraved plates (most of them folding views). Engraved title page vignette. Period style dark brown gilt tooled half with marbled boards. A near fine copy.
"Chardin was a Huguenot who was forced to emigrate to England. He was knighted by Charles II and on his death was buried in Westminster Abbey. His first visit to the East was made in 1665, at the age of twenty-two, when he both gratified a love of travelling and carried on his trade as a dealer in jewels. His more important voyage was made in 1671. His route differed from that usually taken by travellers to the East Indies in that he proceeded by way of the Black Sea and the countries bordering thereon. His account of the Persian court and of his business transactions with the shah are of great interest. Sir William Jones regarded his narrative as the best yet published on the Mohammedan nations" (Cox I p 249-250).

"Chardin set out for Persia for a second time in August 1671, but on this occasion diverted through Smyrna and Constantinople, and took the Black Sea Route to Caucasia, Mingrelia and Georgia, finally arriving at Esfahan in June 1673. In Georgia he heard of a race of warlike women, the Amazons, who had at some time in the recent past invaded a kingdom to the northwest. He remained in Persia for four years, as he says 'chiefly following the court in its removals, but also making some particular journeys.., as well as studying the language.' He apparently knew Esfahan better than Paris, and visited nearly every part of the country. His account of the Persian court and his business transactions with the shah are of considerable interest. In 1677 he proceeded to India, afterwards returning to France by way of the Cape of Good Hope" (Howgego C102); His second and more notable voyage to Persia, is important because it is in the account of this voyage that he describes life in late Safavid Persia" (Ghani p. 71).

50. CHERRY-GARRARD, Apsley George Benet (1886-1959)
[BRITISH ANTARCTIC EXPEDITION 1910-1913]
[Two Watercolours in Cherry-Garrard’s Last Sketchbook from Robert Falcon Scott’s Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 Showing Strait Bab-el-Mandeb and a Sea Landscape with a Tent in the Centre].

At Sea, ca. 1913. Oblong Octavo (13,5x18,5 cm). Album with 23 leaves with two watercolours. One with the artist’s pencil caption "Entering Strait Bab-el Mandeb. Osterley. April 22, 1913" on the lower margin. Album also with the Artist’s inscription "Apsley Cherry Gallarg. Brit. Ant. Expedition" on the front pastedown. Period black quarter sheep album with a patterned cloth boards, an elastic and a small leather pocket for a pen attached. Album slightly loose on hinges and with traces of a couple removed leaves, otherwise very good.

One of the last artefacts from Robert Falcon Scott’s ill-fated expedition to the South Pole, the sketchbook of the young assistant zoologist Apsley Cherry-Garrard who participated in the Winter Journey 1911 with Edward Wilson to Cape Crozier (to obtain the specimens of emperor penguin eggs); he also accompanied Scott and his party on their assault to the South Pole up to the summit of Beardmore Glacier; it was Apsley Cherry-Garrard who went to meet the returning party in early March 1912, but never saw them again; eight months later he participated in the search expedition which found the remains of the explorers 11 miles from the One Ton Depôt. Cherry-Garrard wrote his account of the expedition "The Worst Journey in the World" (1922) which became a classic of Antarctic literature, and reflected on Scott’s tragedy till the end of his life.

The sketchbook contains some of the last watercolours made during the Scott’s Antarctic Expedition 1910-1913. The first one, unsigned, shows a sunset on the seashore with a tent with a small flag in the centre. The second one made on the voyage back to England shows a coastal profile of the Strait Bab-el-Mandeb - a key point dividing the Gulf of Aden from the Red Sea. This watercolour was made on board the RMS passenger steamer Osterley (1909) operated by the Orient Steam Navigation Co. Ltd on the United Kingdom to Australia service.
Apsley Cherry-Garrard was accepted by Scott as a member of the future expedition in 1910, on recommendation of Edward Wilson, with rank of ‘assistant zoologist’. "Yet from the outset, despite his youth and inexperience, he won the affectionate regard of his more seasoned comrades, and before the close of the expedition had more major sledge journeys to his credit than any other surviving member.
On the Depôt Journey to lay stores at stages along the southern route, as far as to One Ton Depôt 140 miles from base, Cherry-Garrard was warmly commended by Scott for his efficiency and unselfishness as a sledger and tent-mate. In the comparative comfort of life at the base he edited the South Polar Times, a unique periodical afterwards reproduced in facsimile. Wilson chose ‘Birdie’ Bowers and Cherry-Garrard - ‘the pick of the sledging element’ (Scott, quoted in South Pole Odyssey, 81) "as his companions for a Winter Journey in 1911 to obtain specimen eggs from the emperor penguin rookery at Cape Crozier. This entailed a hazardous round trip of 120 miles in darkness, at temperatures in excess of -70 °F, an exploit which is still without parallel in the annals of polar exploration. An unbreakable bond was forged between the three men and on their return five weeks later Scott described their journey as ‘the hardest that has ever been made’—a phrase which later suggested to Cherry-Garrard the title of his narrative of the fortunes of the whole expedition: The Worst Journey in the World (1922).

The Winter Journey was the climax of the whole expedition for Cherry-Garrard, so much so that even the outward marches of the great southern journey, despite their gruelling nature, were a picnic by comparison. He accompanied the polar party as far as the summit of the Beardmore Glacier whence he was sent back, because of his youth, with the first of the two supporting parties. Early in March 1912 he set out with dog teams and Dmitry, the Russian dog driver, to speed the return of the polar party. Having reached One Ton Depôt on the night of the third, the date approximately timed for their arrival, he was beset by a four days' blizzard which prevented movement, but stayed on until there remained only just enough dog food for the return. Although his decision to return was the only possible one, he never ceased to reproach himself afterwards for not having attempted the impossible. He was a member of the search party eight months later which found the bodies of Scott, Wilson, and Bowers, who had died within only 11 miles of One Ton Depôt (which they reached on 21 March), and learned of the heroic self-sacrifice of Lawrence Oates a few marches behind, and of Petty Officer Edgar Evans's earlier collapse below the Beardmore Glacier. It was at Cherry-Garrard's suggestion that the last line of Tennyson's Ulysses (‘To strive, to seek, to find and not to yield’) was inscribed on the cross surmounting the cairn of snow which covered them, as well as the epitaph commemorating Oates.
The rest of Cherry-Garrard's life was anticlimax. During the First World War he commanded a squadron of armoured cars in Flanders from 1914 until invalided out two years later, and during long convalescence wrote The Worst Journey, a classic of Antarctic literature. First published in December 1922 it went through several editions before being republished in 1951, with a postscript written in 1948. Years later he also wrote introductions to biographies of Wilson and Bowers. He cultivated friendships with men of letters, including George Bernard Shaw, H. G. Wells, and Arnold Bennett; and with men of action, especially Mallory of Everest and Lawrence of Arabia. To the latter he paid tribute in the symposium T. E. Lawrence by his Friends (1937).
In the early 1920s Cherry-Garrard recovered some strength but the Scott tragedy continued to haunt him, altering and even reversing many of his interests: ‘He gave up shooting, became almost hostile to fox-hunting, and disappointed the churchmen who had been accustomed to his support in the parish’ (The Times). Later he cruised the Mediterranean and collected books, first editions where possible, but ‘he still lived with the Polar expedition and would talk of little else’ "(ibid.) (Oxford DNB).

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