May 2015 - Sixty New Acquisitions and Selected Stock Highlights

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[De La MOTTE, Edward]
[Typewritten Manuscript Account of the Fifth Ascent of Aconcagua, by British Climber Edward de la Motte and American Mountaineer James Ramsey Ullman, Being also the First American Ascent of Aconcagua, Titled:] Horcones Valley and Aconcagua. February/March 1928.

Ca. 1928. Quarto (ca. 28,5x22 cm). 25 numbered leaves of typewritten text. Occasional period ink corrections in text. Vertical centrefold, first and last leaves with mild creases and traces of old staples removed, otherwise a very good manuscript.
Original typescript of the diary of Edward de la Motte, one of the participants of the fifth ascent of Aconcagua, the highest peak in the Americas, with his manuscript corrections in text. De la Motte’s climbing partner was a famous American mountaineer and writer James Ramsey Ullman (1907-1971), thus the expedition became the first American ascent of Aconcagua. The expedition party included two other members, named in the manuscript “Bromley” and “Mrs.” (a female). De la Motte gives a detailed description of the whole expedition from arrival to Retiro (Buenos Aires) on 25 February to the final arrival to Buenos Aires (on the way back) on 12 March 1828. The manuscript describes the mountaineers’ arrival in Mendoza, preparation and supplying of the expedition, trip to the Uspallata town and Puente del Inca, the long hike up the Horcones Valley, and all proceedings in the high camps on the mountain, including an acclimatization hike to the Buena Vista ridge and the summit day. The entries note the altitudes gained, pulse levels, experienced symptoms of mountain sickness, weight of loads carried, menus and preparations of the meals, frostbites et al. There are also several mentions of previous British expeditions to Aconcagua – by E. Fitzgerald and S. Vines (1897) and by J. Cochrane and M.F. Ryan (1925).
Some entries: “February 27th. Mrs. Togs up a la “complete mountaineer” in heavy boots and breeches, but fearing the populace slips out by a back entrance and gets nearly eaten by a yard full of dogs.” (p. 3).
“March 3rd. Base, night min. 28° 18,000 max. Pulse before starting: Ram 68, me 100. This is being written in Ryan’s tent with a snow storm outside, luckily the tent in perfectly sound, and apart from a little fine driven snow, all is snug inside. There is enough food for a week and between us we have 7 blankets, and eiderdown and a Jaeger sleeping bag. <…> Ram and I are comfortable with our feet tied in rucksacks and are able to laugh at the weather” (pp. 9-10).
“March 4th. Up at 8.30, rising consisting of putting on boots and balaclava and extricating oneself from the sleeping bag – in itself a laborious process and only to be performed with much gasping. This gasping is an altitude effect which neither of us can get over – headaches are things of the past, our appetites are tremendous, but the least exertion such as tightening a rope, leaving or entering the tent, opening a tin of sausages and even eating makes us gasp for breath” (p. 12).
“March 5th. [Summit Day]. Up 5 a.m. <…> Ram wearing his Ventana boots could only get on two pairs of socks – same as myself, so that to avoid frostbite we both tried to keep out toes moving inside our boots as far as possible. <…> Both of us were fairly near the limits of our endurance but the top was in view and at 4.30 we stepped out on the summit, very glad at being finished with the hard work of climbing. Driving snow clouds prevented the view to the South and what was worse, Ram could not find Ryan’s thermometers – the only object visible being an empty beer bottle. The top is of triangular shape with the Northern apex at the highest point. Photos were taken from the West tower which should identify the summit alright, at any rate, so far as Ryan and other climbers are concerned.
Ram got busy with a self timer – which like the meta cooker failed to work, the resulting messing about with which gave Ram four frostbitten fingers (unnoticed until considerably later). An ice axe with E.M. and A.R. carved on the shaft was left, also a card with our names on was left in a small Yerma tin with one plasmon biscuit (sustenance for the next party that reaches the top)” (pp. 14-15).
James Ramsey Ullman was a noted American writer and mountaineer, official historian of the American Mount Everest Expedition 1963, the author of “The White Tower” (1945), “Banner in the Sky” (1954), “The Age of Mountaineering” (1954), “Tiger of the Snows” (together with Tenzing Norgay, 1955), “Americans on Everest” (1964), and others. Most of Ullman’s papers are now deposited in the Princeton University Library.
“The Andean career of Edward de la Motte apparently began in 1928 with Aconcagua, highest of all Andean peaks, and ended probably in 1946 with Sajama, highest of Bolivian mountains. With the well-known American novelist James Ramsey Ullman (author of the White Tower), he accomplished on 5 March 1928 the fifth ascent of Aconcagua” (Echevarria, E. Early British Ascents in the Andes, 1831-1946 // The Alpine Journal. 1987. Vol. 92. P. 63).


ATKINSON, James (1780-1852)
[Collection of Three Original Watercolours from the "Sketches in Afghaunistan" (1842)].

[1841-42]. Brown and black watercolours heightened in white. Housed in a custom made green cloth portfolio with a black gilt titled sheep label and silk ties. A very good collection.
These three watercolours were mostly likely used as the original archetypes for the lithographed plates № 2, 3 and 19 in "Sketches in Afghaunistan," one of the earliest collections of views of Afghanistan.

As a Superintending Surgeon to the Army of the Indus, Atkinson participated in the First Anglo-Afghan War (1839-42) and completed many sketches portraying the military skirmishes of the campaign as well as landscape views and the lives of local people (British Library). Atkinson's "Expedition into Affghanistan provides an interesting personal narrative, supplemented by his Sketches in Afghanistan (1842) containing a series of lithographed drawings which complete the picture of what was then an unexplored country" (Oxford DNB).
The colors of our set (mostly brown-black tones heightened in white) and the quality of the detailed work differs from same Atkinson watercolour made on the spot which are now in the collection of British Library. Our set is notable for sharp lines and thorough detail work while the watercolours made on the spot are more like sketches. Thus our group of watercolour are most likely later reworked versions especially for use as archetypes for the lithographs.
The watercolour include:
The Town of Roree and the Fortress of Bhukker on the Indus. 44x27 cm (17x10 ½ in).
A fine view presents the town of Rohri (in Sukkur district, Sindh province of Pakistan) - the encampment ground of the British Army during the campaign, the Fortress of Bukkur and the shore of Sukkur on the Indus on the background.
The fortress of Bukkur was on a strategically important island in the Indus river, between Rohri and Sukkur. The walls of the fortress enclosed the entire island, ending the water's edge. In 1831, the fort was obtained by the British from the Emir of Khirpur, Mir Rostum, after lengthy negotiations conducted by Sir Alexander Burnes, the Political Agent of the East India Company. It was agreed that the fort should remain in British hands, as long as they feared attack from the west. During the 1st Afghan War (1839-1842) it was used as a depot for Sir John Keane's Army of the Indus. (British Library. Asia, Pacific and Africa Collections on-line).
The watercolour also shows a group of travellers in Native dress in the foreground, together with the renowned local camels which were sold by Singh Maharaja at considerable profit to the British for their Afghan expedition.
The Encampment at Dadur, with the entrance to the Bolan Pass. 43x29 cm (17x11 ½ in).
Atkinson depicted the British troops’ encampment at the entrance of the Bolan Pass, about a mile from the town of Dadhar. On their march to Afghanistan the Army of the Indus had opted for the longer southern route round through the Bolan Pass rather than the shorter route through the Khyber Pass. By the spring of 1839 they arrived at the 60-mile long Bolan, which was in the heart of rough terrain controlled by Baluchi chieftains.
Atkinson wrote: "On the foreground is Khalik Dad, Belooch, governor of Dadur and his attendant, and some of the wearied camp-followers preparing their scanty meal. As far as the eye can reach from the camp, desolation has marked this arid spot, and the progress to it was a most arduous one; water rarely met with, but in small quantities, and forage equally scarce" (British Library).
The Main Street in the Bazaar at Caubul in the Fruit Season. 41x26 cm (16x10 in).
The watercolour depicts a market square in Kabul, with fruits in abundance, falling over small stores, with food sellers, traders and customers, dog and donkeys and a young man in the European clothes with a bunch of grapes and a fruit on the foreground.
In 1839, the strongest fortress of Afghanistan, Ghazni, having fallen, the Army of the Indus advanced to Kabul, 80 miles north. Dost Mohammad had retreated even further north, abandoning Kabul, so the British had a relatively peaceful entry into the city and enthroned their new Emir, Shah Shuja. Atkinson wrote, 'The entrance into Caubul was by a narrow street, presenting to the view a scene of the most busy description. The numerous shops, little better than sheds, exhibited fruit, not only surprising for its beauty, but for its prodigious abundance... Other articles are also presented for sale. Cooks are preparing kabobs and confectioners sweetmeats; cutlers and farriers, guns, swords, and horseshoes; silk-mercers, dealers in carpets, furs, lace, chintz, saddlery, &c., are all attentive to their several occupations.' Lithographs: Abbey Travel 508; Tooley 73; Colas 173; Lipperheide 1493.


[Album with over 290 Original Photos or Real Photo Postcards of Alaska, with the Emphasis on the Construction and Early Years of the Copper River & Northwestern Railway from Cordova to the Kennekott Copper Mines].

Ca. 1900-1910s. Oblong Folio (ca. 25x36 cm). Over 50 leaves. With over 290 gelatin silver prints (including over 20 dismounted or loosely inserted ones), vast majority printed as real photo postcards (private and studio ones); also with three large photos ca. 18,5x23,5 cm (7 ¼ x 9 ¼ in) and about two dozen small family portraits. Over 20 images signed and/or titled in negative. With a business card of Lila Marie Hubbell (pianist and teacher, Bremerton, Wash.) loosely inserted. Period style brown half morocco with cloth covered boards; gilt lettered title “Alaska album” on the spine. A number of leaves worn and with tears on extremities, several detached from the stub and loosely inserted, some photos removed from the album (but with 20 additional loose photos at rear); overall a very good album.
Interesting historically significant album with early images of the Copper River and Northwestern Railway, constructed in 1907-1911 by J. P. Morgan and the Guggenheim family to transport copper ore from the Kennicott mining town to Cordova. The railway operated until the copper deposits were depleted in 1938. The Copper River Highway and the McCarthy road were subsequently constructed along the railway’s tracks.
The album apparently compiled by one of the employees of the CR&NW Railway, or by a local resident, contains over 20 original photos of the railway’s trains, going along the tracks, snow plowing, or with railroad workers, engine drivers or passengers posing to the camera. The photos include a nice portrait of the engine drivers posing next to the train’s snow plow on the track, group portrait of workers and officials of the Katalla Coal Company Railroad posing on engine at Brunner Crossing (real photo postcard by Evans), and a view of “Lieut. F. Mears private train, Sept. 5th to 8th 1914, standing at Chitina depot, C.R. & N.W.Ry.” (real photo postcard by P.S. Hunt). A series of eight photos depict a train wreck on the CR&NW Railway with cranes and workers trying to raise the train from a river; there are also scenes of the railway’s survey and construction operations with wood blocks and excavators at work. A dozen photos depict the tracks of the CR&NW Railway, from the wharf in Cordova to the Kennikott mine with the end of the tracks; about seven images show the bridges, including the Kuskalana Bridge under construction and sections of the Million Dollar Bridge across the Copper River. There are also interesting images of several ships belonging to the Alaska Steamship Company fleet which were used to bring supplies for the CR&NW Railway construction: original photo of the steamer “Nizina” with passengers on board, and real photo postcards of S.S. Farallon, S.S. Yukatan and S.S. Northwestern (by J. Thwaites, also with a large photo of the ship by Winter Pond Co.). There is also a real photo postcard of a wreck of S.S. Portland on a beach at Katalla (near Cordova).
Large group of images represent family photos of the album’s compiler, showing Alaskan residents posing in front of their houses, cabins, in hunting camps, with sledge dogs, on board local steamers or small sailing boats; there are interesting photos of the interiors of local houses and cabins, scenes of public entertainment in Fairbanks, a big group portrait taken during a public celebration, a photo of a “Wash day at Smith’s camp”; portrait of skaters on the ice near Chitina et al. Several photos and real photo postcards show views of Cordova, Tenakee Springs, Ketchikan, Seward, Fort Liscum, Chitina and Copper Rivers, Alaskan towns, mountains, glaciers et al. About 20 real photo postcards mounted in the album were taken by J. Thwaites, E. Hegg, Andrew Evans, H.A. Ives, P.S. Hunt, and Winter Pond Co. Overall a very good album.


HERNDON, William Lewis (1813-1857)
[Autograph Manuscript Letter Book of U.S. Naval Lieutenant William Lewis Herndon, Containing Copies of Thirty-Two Documents Written on Board USS Iris during the Mexican-American War, and a Copy of a Letter to Lardner Gibbon during the US Expedition to the Valley of the Amazon].

[U.S.S. Iris at various locations (Vera Cruz, Pensacola, Laguna); and Tarma (Peru), 1847-1851]. [44] pp. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). Black ink on lined paper; text clean and legible. Original quarter sheep note book with marbled boards; contemporary bookplate on the front pastedown. Housed in a custom made cloth clamshell box with an olive gilt title label on the spine. Hinges cracked, spine partially perished, corners worn, but overall a very good letter book.
Original letter book of noted American naval officer, Amazon explorer and naval hero William Lewis Herndon; it contains the original draft of Herndon’s instructions to the expedition member Lt. Lardner Gibbon regarding his further exploration of the Amazon following their separation at Tarma, Peru on July 1, 1851. The text of the manuscript differs slightly from the one published in volume I of Herndon and Gibbon's “Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon” (Washington, 1854, pp. 33-34), and has some manuscript corrections, which makes it an important historical source.
Herndon assigned Gibbon a different route of discovery so that "while I gave my own personal attention to the countries drained by the upper Marañon, Mr. Gibbon might explore some, and gather all the information he could respecting others, of the Bolivian tributaries of the Amazon." This letter provides Gibbon with guidance as to the route he is to follow and the importance of minimizing risk to himself to ensure that the results of their exploration might be preserved. “Lt. Herndon pushed into the upper Amazon. Lt. Gibbon traveled south through Bolivia and then into the selvas of Brazil. The two groups met in Serpa, Brazil, and then continued down the Amazon River to Para” (Hill 803).
The letter book also contains thirty two letters and documents written on board USS Iris which was under Herndon’s command during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The correspondence is primarily on various day to day issues including the engineering problems and administrative issues. However, also included is a five-page letter dated aboard the Iris at Laguna in March of 1848 to an unidentified recipient, but probably Matthew C. Perry, Commanding the Home Squadron off Mexico during the Mexican-American War. The letter reports the results of Herndon's meetings at Sisal with Military Commandant Don Alonzo Azuar regarding Indian involvement in the conflict, and with the senior Spanish Naval Officer present, Don Francisco Garcia di Salas, commander of the brig Nervian, regarding the landing of guns and munitions.
In 1857, as a captain of the ill-fated U.S. Mail Steamer Central America, Herndon showed the utmost heroism while saving lives of the passengers during the hurricane of Cape Hatteras, having evacuated all women and children. 426 passengers and crew, including Herndon perished with the ship, thus making the wreckage the largest loss of life in a commercial ship disaster in United States history. Herndon's heroism prompted the construction of the Herndon Monument at the U. S. Naval Academy in 1860.
Overall this Letter book represents an important primary source on the history of the US expedition to the Amazon (1851-1852) and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).


SCOTLAND, Archibald
[Autograph Letter Signed “A. Scotland” to an Associate of the Mogul Steamship Company, Reporting on his Voyage up the Amur River with a Cargo of Coal, and Containing Interesting Information on the Russian Steamship Navigation on the Amur River and the Far East].

S.S. Ghazee, Japan Sea, 19 August 1893. Octavo (ca. 25x20 cm). 9 numbered leaves filled in on rectos. Brown ink on watermarked paper with the printed letterheads of the “Gellatley, Hankey, Sewell & Co., Antwerp” in the upper left corners, all crossed by the author of the letter. Mild fold marks, the first and the last leaves age toned, but overall a very good extensive letter.
Interesting extensive letter related to the early Russian-British trade and steam navigation on the Amur River. The letter was written by Archibald Scotland, the captain of the S.S. Ghazee (1883) of the Mogul Steamship Company Ltd. (Gellatly, Hankey & Co, London & Antwerp) during its commercial voyage to Nikolayevsk-on-Amur with a cargo of coal and 350 Chinese workers. Reporting on the Ghazee’s navigation up the river from the port of De-Kastri (the Strait of Tartary), Scotland gives a detailed account of the ship’s proceedings, difficulties of movement in shallow waters, operations of unloading cargo and people et al. Very interesting is his characteristics of his Russian business partners – the “Amur Trade & Steamship Company” founded a year earlier by local merchants M. G. Shevelev, A.M. Serebriakov and N.P. Makeev.
“Ghazee” was supposed to unload its cargo of coal in De-Kastri because shallow waters of the Amur Liman didn’t allow it to approach Nikolaevsk-on-Amur. However, due to the lack of lighters, the ship had to move up the river under constant risk of being stuck in the mud. The navigation was successful “to the surprise of all Nikolaevsk as the merchants declared in the local papers that the ship could not be handled in the sharp bends and narrow channels.” Scotland moved the Ghazee even further, up the narrow Palbo Creek and succeeded again “to the astonishment of all this District.” He gives a detailed description of the complicated operation of turning the ship down the river in order to navigate back, “you can judge their [the locals] consternation and surprise when they saw the Ghazee swung head down the river and on our arrival to Nikolaevsk they seem all staggered.”
Scotland leaves some important comments of the recently founded Amur River Trade & Steamship Company (1893): "There is only one company here the Amoor River Company [Amur River Steamship Partnership, founded in 1871], and they hold the monopoly of all the lighters and steamers in the place and naturally it is to their interest to see this New Amoor River Company a failure and they would not land the cargo for them so it drove this company to select Palbo for the Ghazee as she could get alongside the bank and discharge her cargo on shore. The old River Company were very much against me going to Palbo and put all the obstacles in the way they possibly could <...> they seemed rather spiteful as they would not bring a letter or telegram down for me to be posted. The merchants seemed rather pleased seeing the New Company making a show as they have to pay high freights for conveying their goods into the interior. This new company is under bond to commence running in May next which I hope they will be successful…"
"The Company is Mr. Sheveloff of Vladivostok and Mr. Mackeef is the Director <…>. It seems to me that Mr. Sheveloff wants another steamer as he only has the old Edendale running between Vladivostok and Nikolaevsk and another steamer called the Strelok which only carries about 350 tons on 13 feet, so I think that little Provincial of yours would be just the thing for him <…> I see there is several small steamers from Hamburg out here with cargo but it is only Russians can carry coasting cargo".
Mikhail Grigorievich Shevelev (1847-1903) was the founder of the first private Russian sea steamship company on the Far East, notable merchant, tea trader, sinologist and patron of arts. Born in Kyakhta, he graduated from the city school of Chinese founded by famous Russian sinologist Iakinf (Bichurin) and participated in the Russian Orthodox Church Mission in Bejing; he took active part in Russian-Chinese tea trade, in 1879 founded first private Russian sea steamship company on the Far East “Shevelev & Co.” which navigated between Nikolaevsk-on Amur-Vladivostok-Shanghai-Hankou. In 1893-1899 Shevelev and other Vladivostok merchants founded the “Amur River Trade & Steamship Company” which successfully operated three steamers. Shevelev was the first to start prospecting oil deposits on Sakhalin, became one of the founders of the Society of History of the Amur Region and the first honorary patron of the Eastern Institute in Vladivostok; organized first art exhibition in Vladivostok (1886).


[Collection of Seventy-Four Embossed Toy Cardboard Soldiers in the Original Publisher's Card Box, Titled:] The Recent War in the Soudan. La Guerra en el Sudan. Der Krieg im Sudan. La Guerre dans le Soudan.

Germany, ca. 1890s. 74 embossed toy cardboard soldiers, all hand coloured, height from ca. 10 cm (4 in) to ca. 7,5 cm (3 in). With eight cardboard cards from ca. 12,5x11,5 cm (4 ¾ x 4 ½ in) to ca. 10x7,5 cm (3 ¾ x 2 ¾ cm) with colouring guide sheets for the figures, and 61 metal stands. Housed in the original publisher's grey card box with compartments; the lid with a printed title and two mounted hand coloured figures of a British cavalry man and a Mahdist camel rider (the same as in the set). Printed monogram “W. & S. B.” on the lid. Minor losses of the figures on the lid (the horse’s ear and leg, the Mahdist rider’s left arm and a spear), eight cardboard soldiers with minor losses (e.g. Tips of spears, tails of camels), the lid with a minor tear on the side, but overall a very good set with bright and sound cardboard soldiers.
A rare collection of toy cardboard soldiers inspired by the events of the Anglo-Sudan, or Mahdist War (1881-99). Most likely, the set was issued in Germany in the early 1890s, after the beginning of the British reconquest of Sudan (1895-1898), led by Lord Horatio Kitchener (1850-1916).
The collection includes 41 soldiers representing the united British-Egyptian forces, including 9 Cameron highlanders (red jackets, green kilts, white helmets, armed with rifles); 7 soldiers from the Naval Brigade (blue uniforms, sailor’s caps, armed with rifles), 6 mounted British cavalrymen (red jackets, blue pants, white cross-belts and helmets, armed with sables), 1 soldier of the Yorkshire regiment (red jacket, blue pants, white helmet, armed with a sable); 10 soldiers of the Egyptian infantry (brown uniform, red fez), led by a commander and a bugler with a trumpet; 6 mounted riders from the Egyptian camel troops (blue uniform, red fez, armed with rifles). The Mahdist forces are represented with a Mahdi military commander, mounted on a horse, with a spear, and a banner - probably, a portrait of the Mahdi himself or of his successor, “The Khalifa,” who was defeated in the battles of Atbara and Omdurman in 1898. The other Mahdist warriors include 12 riders from the camel troops, armed with spears, and 20 infantry soldiers with shields and spears (in two different positions, ten of each kind).
The collection is supplemented with 8 paper cards showing the colour patterns for specific types of troops (British cavalryman, soldiers from the Naval Brigade and Yorkshire regiment, Cameron highlander, Sudanese camel rider, Sudanese infantry commander and a bugler, Mahdist military leader and an infantry man). Overall an interesting collection in very good condition.
“The Mahdist War (1881-99) was a British colonial war of the late 19th century, which was fought between the Mahdist Sudanese, of the religious leader Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah, the Mahdi (the “Guided One”), and the forces of the Khedivate of Egypt, initially, and later the forces of Britain. From 18 years of colonial war resulted the joint-rule state of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (1899-1956), a condominium of the British Empire and the Kingdom of Egypt” (Wikipedia).


CHARLES, John, Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (d. 1849)
[Autograph Letter Signed to Alexander Christie, Chief Factor of the York Factory, Reporting of the Brigade’s Affairs Before Leaving Norway House to Fort Chipewyan for the Season].

Norway House, 1 August 1830. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 3 pp. Addressed, sealed and docketed on the last blank page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, otherwise a very good legible letter.
An interesting letter from John Charles, a leader of the Hudson’s Bay Company’s Athabasca Brigade and Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (1830-1834), written on the eve of the brigade’s departure to the interior for the winter trade. The letter is addressed to Alexander Christie (1792-1872), chief factor of the York Factory, subsequently considered one of the most influential factors of the Hudson’s Bay Company.
Charles reports on the departure of the Athabasca Brigade, as well as conditions and supplies at Norway House: “We have now nearly made an end of our Business here and expect to move off at the latest in a Day or so. Our four Boats for Athabasca were away Yesterday with an Ample Supply for the Season to meet all Demands. The Goods forwarded by Messrs. Meler & Hargrave for the Men’s Equipment were most ample <…> the Men appear quite Satisfied with these Advances, which are the best they ever got.”He hopes that when “the Athabasca Brigade will henceforth return from the Plain [?], if we could have a Building of some kind erected for transacting our Business it will be of great Advantage, for at present the want of Sufficient Room even to make a temporary Shop, creates much Inconvenience, and I may add not a little Confusion. I would also be obliged to you to give Orders to have the Boats built for us at this Place, for the New Boats brought from the other Places we generally get the Worst.” Charles reports that “in order to prevent too much of some Articles and too little of others being forwarded for Men’s Equipment next Spring, I have made out a Requisition, both for Advances and Outfit, which if it can be complied with will be fully Sufficient.” He also complains of hard conditions on the Winter Road, resulting in sickness and injury among the Indian accompanying the brigade. Overall a very interesting informative letter.


REICHARD, Walter Reinhold
[Album with Forty-Eight Superb Watercolours Drawn by a German Prisoner of First World War While in Interned in the Bolkhuny and Yenotayevka Villages of the Astrakhan Province]: Erinnerungen an die Kriegsgefangenschaft in der Kirgisen- und Kalmükensteppe. 1914-1918. Jenotajewsk-Bolchuny. Gouvernement Astrakhan. Aquarell-Studien [Memories of a Prisoner of War in the Kirghisian and Kalmykian Steppes].

Ca. 1914-1918 Oblong Octavo (ca. 17x25 cm). 48 leaves. With 48 watercolours, including a watercolour drawn “title page” with additional title “Erinnerungen an die Kriegsgefangenschaft, 1914/16. Aquarell-Studien von Walter R. Reichard”. All watercolours with the author’s monogram, captioned and dated (1914-1916). Period ink inscription on the first free endpaper “Herrn K. H. Lindenberg. Bolchuny, 1916”. Ink inscription on rear paste down “Walter Reichard. Berlin, Hufelandstrasse No. 39”. Original grey cloth album with hand drawn title and coat of arms of the Astrakhan Kingdom (“Царство Астрахан.”) on the upper board. Covers rubbed and soiled, but the watercolours are bright and beautiful.
Beautiful collection of historically important watercolours showing the Astrakhan region during the First World War, with amazing views of the Kalmyk steppes and Volga River, street scenes in the Yenotaewsk city and Bolkhuny village, and artistic portraits of the local people – Kirghises, Kalmyks and Russians. The album was made by a German prisoner of war who was interned in the Astrakhan province of the Russian Empire and spent at least four years (1914-1918) in Yenotayevsk and Bolkhuny.
The landscape watercolours include a series of views of Bolkhuny: general views with the steep banks of the Akhtuba River; colourful scene of the Bolkhuny Sunday market; a view with the famous Bolkhuny windmills; pastoral view of a Bolkhuny street with haulm-roofed houses and pigs wandering in puddles in the middle of the street; crimson-tone watercolour of the sheep herd coming back to Bolkhuny in the evening; sunny view of the troika race on the Epiphany day (Heilige drei Könige) et al. Among other landscapes are a deep-blue night scene in the “Kirgisen Steppe” and two beautiful winter views of the Volga: 1) with Yenotayevsk houses on top of the steep river bank, and 2) with a camel-laden “Kerosin Karavan” crossing the frozen river.
The album contains a gallery of outstanding individual and group portraits of local people starting with an image of a galloping Kirghis rider on the “title page”. There are also twelve portraits of the Kalmyk people (old and young women, families next to their jurt, members of the Kalmyk clergy, dancing girls, men in the Kalmyk camp, riders in the steppe et al.), and thirteen portraits of the Kirghises (old woman-beggar, “Old Kirghisian soothsayer”, water carter, group portraits of Kirghis fishermen, travellers in the steppe, families, men with a camel cart on the frozen Volga et al.). The other portraits show a “Tatar vet” (Tartarischer Tierarzt), Persian longshoremen in Astrakhan, Russian girl in the holiday dress, and Ruthenian and Galitzian war refugees.
Overall the collection is a historically significant and beautiful illustration of life in the Astrakhan region during the WWI, and life of German prisoners of war in Russia before and after the Revolution of 1917.
Yenotayevsk (now Yenotaevka village) is located on the right channel of the Volga River 154 km north of Astrakhan and is separated from the river’s main channel by the Chicherin Island. It is the oldest settlement in the Astrakhan province, with the fortress protecting the trade route from Astrakhan to central Russia being founded in 1742. In 1785 the town became the centre of the district (uyezd), and in 1810 the fortress was abolished. In the last quarter of the 19th century the town turned into a place of the political exile in the Astrakhan region where a number of antigovernment and revolutionary activists were interned. This fact explains why the prisoners of war were transported here in 1914-1917. In 1925 Yenotayevsk lost its status as a city and remains a village (although a center of the Yenotayevsky district) nowadays (Russian Brokhaus dictionary on-line).
Bolkhuny is a village in the Akhtubinsky district of the Astrakhan region (founded in 1822, before 1927 – a part of the Yenotayevsky district). The village is located on the left bank of the Akhtuba River (Volga’s tributary) over 200 km north of Astrakhan. In the beginning of the 20th century it had over 7000 inhabitants, a school, a church, 55 shops (lavka), three large trade fairs, three bread warehouses (magazin), and smaller weekly fairs. Bolkhuny was known for its livestock breeding (over 15000 sheep, 7000 cows) and over 100 wind mills (Russian Brokhaus dictionary on-line).


CORDEYRO, Antonio S.J. (1641-1722)
[History of Portugal's Atlantic Islands:] Historia Insulana das Ilhas a Portugal Sugeytas no Oceano Occidental.., Para a confirmaçam dos bons costumes, assim moraes, como sobrenaturaes, dos nobres antepassados Insulanos, nos presentes, e futuros Descendentes seus, & só para a salvação de suas almas, & mayor gloria de Deos.

Lisboa: Antonio Pedrozo Galram, 1717. First Edition. Folio. [xvi], 528 pp. With woodcut vignette on title-page, woodcut headpieces, tailpieces and initials. Handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep. Title page with repaired upper right corner, not affecting text, rear cover with some repaired cut marks, otherwise a very good copy in very original condition.
Important history of Portugal's Atlantic islands, covering the prehistory and ancient history (including rumors that they were Atlantis) of the Canary Islands, Cabo Verde, Madeira (including Porto Santo), the Azores (sections on Santa Maria, São Miguel, Ilha Terceira, São Jorge, Graciosa, Fayal, Pico, Flores, and Corvo).
The author, a Jesuit, was a native of Angra on the island of Terceira in the Azores. He died at the Collegio de Sancto Antão in Lisbon."This work is an important source for the history and description of the Azores, Terceira in particular. Much of the material is derived from the Saudades da terra of Caspar Frutuoso. There are also chapters describing the Canaries, Cape Verde islands and Madeira, as well as some references to Brazil and the Americas. The section on Madeira includes an account of the introduction of sugarcane from Sicily, and the development of the industry. This declined with the gradual depletion of wood-fuel stocks and then moved first to Sao Tom, and then to Brazil" (Sotheby's). "A history of Portuguese exploration, colonization, and colonial administration in the islands of the Canary, Madeira, Azores, and Cape Verde groups" (Bell C619); Innocêncio I, 114; Sabin 16759.


[PERON, Francois] (1775-1810) & [FREYCINET, Louis-Henri de Saulces, Baron de] (1777-1840)
[Atlas Part 1 ONLY] Voyage de Decouvertes aux Terres Australes, excute par ordre de Sa Majeste l'Empereur et Roi, Partie Historique Redigee par M.F. Peron. - Atlas par MM. Lesueur et Petit [Voyage of Discovery to Terra Australis, Executed by Order of His Majesty the Emperor and King..,]

Paris: Chez Arthus Bertrand, 1807-1816. First Edition. Folio Atlas. Title + [vi] pp. Atlas: Part I: engraved title and forty engraved plates including the folding panoramas of Sydney and Timor (twenty-four plates hand coloured). Period light brown papered boards. Spine with splits at hinges, the Timor panorama with a small chip of left blank margin, some plates with very minor foxing of outer blank fore edge, One plate with a repaired tear of blank margin, but overall a very good copy in very original uncut condition.
This first part of the atlas includes all the plates including topographical views, local inhabitants, coastal profiles and natural history etc. "In 1800 an expedition organized by the Institute of France and placed under the command of Nicolas Baudin sailed for the South Seas. Their particular instructions were to make a full and minute examination of the Australian coasts, and especially to explore the southern coast, "where there is supposed to be a strait communicating with the Gulf of Carpentaria, and which consequently would divide New Holland into two large and almost equal islands." The maps and charts [were] prepared by Freycinet, who continued the publication after the death of Peron.., Peron the naturalist on this voyage, was able to prepare a huge zoological collection that was known for years for its excellence" (Hill 1329). Ferguson 979. "In 1800 [Peron] was engaged by Nicolas Thomas Baudin as 'trainee zoologist charged with comparative anatomy' for Baudin's exploratory voyage to the southern and western coasts of Australia" (Howgego 1800-1850, P21).


PALLAS, Peter Simon (1741-1811)
Neue Nordische Beyträge zur Physikalischen und Geographischen Erd- und Völkerbeschreibung, Naturgeschichte und Oekonomie. Erster Band [New Nordic Contributions.., Volume One].

St. Petersburg & Leipzig: Johann Zacharias Logan, 1781. First Editions. Octavo. [viii], 342 pp. With three folding copper engraved plates and one folding engraved map. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Recased, extremities rubbed, and text with some mild foxing and some leaves with very mild water staining, otherwise a very good copy.
This is the first volume of a very rare and important series published in a total of seven volumes between 1781 and 1796. This series presents accounts of the Russian exploration of Siberia, Central Asia, and Alaska during this time. Some of these important accounts appear nowhere else. Each volume is in itself complete. Amongst the important accounts included in this first volume are: News from Tibet, a Description of the Altai Mountains, Journals of Andrejef, Leontief, & Lyssof on the basin of the Kowymische River and the Bear Islands, Description of the Anadyr River, News of the Tschuktsch Penisula and neighboring Islands, Account of Captain Krenitzyn and Lieutenant Lewachef voyage from Kamchatka to the Alaskan mainland via the Aleutian Islands, Account of the Ocean between Siberia and America. Included is Pallas' Map of the Discoveries Between Siberia and America up till the Year 1780. "It is a rich mine of information on the early history of the discovery and settlement of Alaska" (Lada-Mocarski 31); Arctic Bibliography 13057.


[Official Certified Transcript of Documents Relating to the Franciscan Mission of Iti and the Guaricaya Indians in Southern Bolivia].

[La Plata (Bolivia), 1784-1789]. Folio (ca. 31x21,5 cm). 31 pp., stitched with a string. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, text in Spanish. Housed in a recent navy blue half morocco box with gilt lettered title on the spine. Manuscript with minor soiling and wear, old folds and creasing. Faint damp stain on final few leaves, causing very minor loss to five or six leaves, primarily in the margin, with only a few words affected. Overall a very good manuscript.
Official collection of documents relating to missions in the Viceroyalty of La Plata in present-day Bolivia, specifically the Reduccion of Iti. Written on certified paper dated 1780-1781, with official certification stamps dated 1784-1785 and 1790-1791, the documents are in a neat secretarial hand. Included is a list of the accounts and explanations of expenses for the Reduccion of Iti, detailing items and their costs, as well as correspondence concerning their staffing and running. The Guaricaya Indians, the tribal group of the immediate area are also mentioned in the document. A significant record of an Indian mission in the foothills of the Andes, at a time for which little documentation exists.
The Iti mission, founded by the Jesuits, is one of a group of missions which survived as such into the 19th century; those immediately to the north are now designated a World Heritage site. After the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish America in 1767, most of their missions were taken over by Franciscans or secularized. The missions at Iti, Fayarenda, and Azero, all discussed in the manuscript, were among those which became Franciscan. All were in the same region of southern Bolivia, just north of the Argentine provinces of Salta and Jujuy, in what is today the Chuquisaca Department. Under Spanish rule this area had been administered by the Viceroyalty of La Plata, which controlled what are now the lowlands of Bolivia, while the highlands to the west were governed by the Viceroyalty of Peru. Iti sits along the ancient Incan road, now Route 9 in Bolivia and northern Argentina.
Provenance: Maggs, Bibliotheca Americana 3239, issued in 1924.


[Photograph Album with Over 180 Early Images of British Columbia and Alberta, Including Rare Images of Pioneer Coal Mining Towns in the Crowsnest Pass of Southeast B.C. – Fernie, Today’s Ghost Towns Michel and Natal; as well as Vancouver, Victoria, Nanaimo, Ladysmith, Edmonton, Banff et al.].

Ca. 1900-1910. Oblong Quarto (ca. 18x26 cm). Fifty leaves, with approximately 182 mounted gelatin silver prints, the majority on postcard size or slightly smaller. Most images with period manuscript captions in ink. Original black pebbled cloth album. Several photographs loose, a handful with some damage, but overall a very good album with generally strong images.
Interesting photo album with a number of rare views of pioneer coal mining towns located in the Crowsnest Pass of Southeastern British Columbia: Fernie and presently deserted Michel and Natal with their surroundings. Apparently assembled by local residents (probably, by some Alex and Agnes Middleton, whose portraits are included), the album unveils an extensive gallery of the photos of Michel: general views with the railway station and rows of miners’ houses; photos of the coal tipple, power houses, Catholic church, hotel, store of the Trites Wood Company (taken before and after the big fire of 1908), a view of Michel taken at moonlight, et al. The photos of Natal show the C.P.R. Depots and general views of the town in summer and winter. Several views of Fernie shows its Catholic church, Pearson Residence, railroad loop, a street and general view of the tent camp after the great fire of August 1908. One photo shows another ghost town of the area - “Corbin, B.C., in the heart of the Rockies.”
The Crowsnest pass and vicinities of all three towns are shown in a number of images: of Michel Creek; Crowsnest Mountain and Lake, Elk’s prairie, canyon, river and falls; “Government road, 1 mile from Michel,” Fairy Creek Dam, Lizard Range; a couple of casual images show a camping party at Crowsnest. Several interesting images show a logging camp at the Eddy’s spur, located nearby.
Additionally, there are several interesting images of Vancouver (waterfront, Stanley Park, Hastings St., docks and steamers), fisheries at New Westminster; street views of Victoria, Nanaimo, Ladysmith, Edmonton, and Blairmore. An interesting image, apparently taken in Alberta, depicts a carriage of “Immigrants cross River.” All in all, a very nice, cohesive collection of images from the early pioneer days of British Columbia.


[Interesting Collection of Eleven Autograph Letters Signed with Postal Cancels from British Colonial Administrators to Bissonauth Law and Co., One of Calcutta's Principal Native Sundry Suppliers Located at 10 New China Bazaar, Calcutta, Dated Between the 13th of October 1858 to the 20th of November 1864].

India, 1858-1864. Eleven Half Anna stamp embossed De La Rue & Co. London stationary envelopes with interior bifolium octavo letters that fold down to duodecimo envelopes. Most of these have both receiver and/or transit cancels for Indian states and towns. Brown ink on laid paper. Letters generally in very good condition.
An interesting early collection of letters documenting the day to day lives of higher British colonial officials in India just after the Indian Rebellion of 1857-8. The content of the letters usually contain orders for a variety of articles from brandy and beer to mustard, Worcester sauce to a drawing room table. The authors involved are mainly judicial officials who have important positions within British Raj at the time.
Letters include ones by: John G. French, Me, Civil Assist. Surgeon; H.L. Oliphant, who in 1863 was the magistrate and collector at Jessore, and who became an important judge; J.B. Worgan, high ranking member Bengal civil service, who held many positions including judge; H.R. Drew, who became and Adjutant General, etc.
An example of content of one of the letters:
Envelope/Letter India postage ½ Anna embossed stamp on postal stationary envelope.
Receiver and/or transit cancel: G.P.O. Calcutta Oct 5, 1862
“To Messrs Besnath [or Bisnath] and Co, 10 New Chinese Bazar, Calcutta Sept.
20th 1862, Nowgong, Assam.
Sirs, I received yours acknowledging the receipt of my order for sundries of[?] which I shall send you a draft as soon as I know the amount. I received the article. I want a nice Drawing Room table, value about Rs 50 and also a dining table value about Rs 40 or 100 for the two, and I want you to get them for me in Calcutta—as good as your [you?] can for the money and send them per next steamer—to me—to the care of Lieut. Sconce Dy Commissioner in Gowhally—as there is every likelihood of my being appointed civil surgeon of that station, next month. I will not be able to pay you ready[?] cash for them, but will before 2 or 3 months—or by instalments—to that time.
Yours, John G. French, Me, Civil Assist. Surgeon. “


[Album with Two Large Photo Panoramas of Budapest, Titled:] Budapest.

Budapest: Calderoni es Tarsa, ca. 1890. Oblong Folio (ca. 27,5x33 cm). Two large albumen print panoramas mounted on card, ca. 19x166,5 cm (7 ½ x 65 ¼ in) and ca. 19x137,5 cm (7 ½ x 54 ¼ in). The smaller panorama signed and captioned in negative (R.J.D.). Original red publisher’s cloth album with gilt stamped title and publisher’s name on the front cover. Mounts with mild staining, right lower corner of the second mount detached and neatly reassembled, cover slightly rubbed on extremities, but the panoramas are strong and bright. Overall very good panoramas.
Attractive album with two panoramas of central Budapest, namely of its historical parts Buda and Pest, located accordingly on the west and east banks of Danube. The panorama of Buda stretches from the Citadella on the left to the north of the city, with majestic Buda Castle and Chain Bridge in the centre. The embankment in shown in great detail, with numerous barges docked near it. A slightly smaller panorama of Pest taken from above, gives a city overview from the Margaret Bridge to the Elizabeth Bridge, with the Chain Bridge and Saint Stephen’s Basilika in the centre. The Hungarian Parliament building is seen on the left. This panorama is signed in negative “R.J.D.” and has captions in Hungarian and German, namely: Margitsziget/Margarethen Insel, Orszaghas/ Parlament, Lanczhid/ Kettelbrücke, Basilika; Fovardsi Vigado/ Städt Redoute. Overall a very good album.


16. [BURMA]
[Photo Album with 64 Original Photographs of Burma and Japan, with Interesting Images of the Oil Rich Region near Yenangyaung in Lower Burma].

Ca. 1910s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 20x24 cm). 32 card leaves. 62 albumen prints (and two loosely inserted), including two large views ca. 15x20 cm (5 ¾ x 8 in), the rest ca. 10,5x12,5 cm (4 x 4 ¾ in). Several signed in negative, twenty with period ink notes on verso. Owner’s period ink inscription on the front free endpaper. Period black half morocco album with green pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers; gilt tooled spine with raised bands, all edges gilt. Rebacked in style, otherwise a very good album with well preserved strong images.
Interesting private album with original photos of the Irrawaddy River and the oil rich region near Yenangyaung in the Lower Burma. Compiled by D.W. Burdie (his inscription is on the front free endpaper), a British traveller to Burma who was apparently associated to the Rangoon Oil Company (now the Burmah Oil Company), the album documents his journey up the Irrawaddy River, showing nearby villages, “Burmese Bazaar at Pegan” [?], the river boat with the travellers on the way to Yenangyaung, sail boats and bamboo rafts, oil refining tanks, a group of “Burmese moving boiler,” “R.[angoon] O.[il] C.[company] Buildings at Chiney,” Flat loading with Bamboo at Prome” (Pyay), native saw mill et al. A number of images portray local people: families, villagers, cart drivers, a “Burmese boy catching prons [sic!] in the Irrawaddy River,” a “Native of India money lenders” et al. Twelve photos depict a Burmese funeral procession and a subsequent feast. There are also two large views of Mandalay and a part of the Irrawaddy River taken from different angles. The album also contains about twenty views and scenes of Japan, apparently of Nara and Kyoto (with the Kanabiki waterfall). Overall a very good interesting album.


17. [BURMA]
PATEY, Russell, R.N. (b. 1817)
[Collection of five Watercolours in Sepia of Moulmein (Mawlamyine), Burma 1846-7].

1846-7. Recently matted and housed in a custom made maroon cloth portfolio with a maroon gilt titled morocco label and silk ties. Overall the watercolours are in fine condition.
The collection includes five attractive watercolours of the capital of British colonial Burma,
The titles of the watercolours as written on verso of each painting by the artist are:
View of Large Pagoda, Moulmein Sept 46 as seen from the West. 24x34 cm (9.5 x 13.5 in);
A Punghi House, Moulmein June 46. 24x34 cm (9.5 x 13.5 in);
Farm Caves, Moulmein as Seen from the East Side Sept. 47. Russell Patey. 23x28 cm (9 x 11 in);
Farm Caves, Moulmein Taken from the Interior Sept. 47. Russell Patey. 22x27.5 cm (8.5 x 11 in);
Austin's House, Moulmein, May 46. 24x34 (9.5 x 13.5 in).
"Mawlamyine (Moulmein) was the first capital of British Burma between 1826 and 1852 after the Tanintharyi (Tenassarim) coast, along with Arakan, was ceded to Britain under the Treaty of Yandabo at the end of the First Anglo-Burmese War..,Mawlamyine is the third largest city of Burma situated 300 km south east of Yangon" (Wikipedia).


[Interesting Autograph Letter Signed by James W. Taylor, a Miner on the American River near Coloma and Sacramento‚ Addressed to his Friend A. Barnes, with the First-Hand Account of an Early Prospector’s Life during the California Gold Rush 1849-1850].

Middlefork of the Amerrican [sic!] [River]‚ 30 June 1850. Folio (ca. 30,5x19,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on blueish paper, the fourth page with text written in different hand, apparently with an answer by his correspondent. Paper worn and slightly faded, with tears and splits on folds, some neatly repaired. Overall a very good content rich letter written in a legible hand.
A long letter of over a thousand words in which Taylor recounts his adventures since coming to California in the fall of 1849. After recovering from a long illness, he was working with a group of men on the American River near Coloma to drain the water, which was too high for prospecting. The “miners life is a very hard one before you get use [sic!] to it, you have no regular place of abode and have to make your bed on the ground and at the shortest notice to pack your bed and tolls [sic!] over these mountains on your back as many places are too bad to get a mule along” – with rewards as “uncertain” as "a lottery,” some men getting rich in a few weeks, while others who stayed on could hardly cover the exorbitant expenses of room and board. Still, he was captivated by the beautiful scenery of the Sacramento Valley and Sierra Nevada mountains and impressed by the hustle and bustle of Sacramento City.
Taylor’s illness, which left him unable to work for over three months, doctor’s bills and the high cost of provisions leaving him “flat in the world” until “fortune and luck” restored him to health. He was then working with 25 other men in “digging a race” on the American River, to dam and drain the water, hoping to share the good fortune of men who had worked there the year before, “made their pile and gone home.” A “very rich canion” had been discovered a mile up the river, which had yielded “considerable gold,” one of many stories of “large piles of gold being found” – most of these being “exaggerated… humbugs.”
He hoped, when the rainy season began, to “go south and see the country,” the Sacramento Valley being “one of the handsomest” he had ever seen, with views from the top of the hills offering “one of the most magnificent scenes that the eye ever witnessed,” stretching to the “sierienevada” mountains”, with its peaks of “perpetual snow.” In the spring the whole valley “appeared to be covered with the handsomest flowers that you ever seen,” though they had all withered with the dry, hot summer weather. The River was a “large stream” which allowed ships to sail as far as Sacramento City, “one of the most business places of the west,” where many had made money as grocers, selling vegetables and other provisions which “demand good prices here in the mountains.” Miners had to lug for miles up hills so rocky and steep, “that I hold to bushes to keep from tumbling to one side or the other”. He wished his friends at home could come to California to “see the Elephant”, though he warned against the dangers of crossing the plains, his final advice being that “any of you who are well and doing would better stay home.” Taylor himself planned to leave for home in the winter of 1850.


[BAEGERT, Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California..,]

Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo. [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives" (Hill 46); Barrett 129. "According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363. "Some corrections made [in the second edition]" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.


NOTMAN, William (1826-1891) and others
[Album with 55 Original Photographs by William Notman & Son, Bailey Bros., S.J. Thompson, D.A. Weese, A. Loeffler and S.J. Johnston showing Vancouver, Canadian Rockies, Toronto, Montreal, Kingston, New York and the Hudson River Valley, Supplemented with 13 Amateur Photos taken by the Album’s Compiler during the Travel along the Canadian Pacific Railway].

Ca. 1890-1900s. Folio (ca. 36x26 cm). 30 card leaves (4 blank). With 46 large gelatin silver, albumen and platinum prints, from ca. 12x22,5 cm (4 ½ x 9 in) to ca. 26,5x21 cm (10 ¼ x 8 ¼ in). With nine smaller professional gelatin silver prints ca. 9,5x12 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ¾ in) and thirteen amateur albumen and gelatin silver prints ca. 9x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in) or slightly smaller. All professional photos signed, numbered or titled in negative. Original brown half morocco album with green cloth sides and decorative endpapers; paper label of “Arentshorst & Zoon Boekbinderij, Kampen” on the first pastedown. A couple of images slightly faded, but the majority in very good condition.
Attractive album of large photos of Canada and the Eastern United States. Albumen prints by the studio of “William Notman & Son” include a nice view of “Vancouver from C.P.R. Hotel” (showing the West End and the Coal Harbour), and a series of twenty photos taken on the Canadian Pacific Railway: Albert Canyon; Glacier House; The Great Glacier from Road; Marion Lake, Mt. Abbott Glacier; Bow Lake & Mt. Hector; West Ottertail Mountain, Leanchoil; Van Horne Range; Cathedral Peak; Lake Louise; Emerald Lake; Cascade Canyon & Mountain; C.P.R. Hotel and Bow Valley; Banff Springs Hotel & Mount Rundle; Banff & Tunnel Mountain; Bow Valley from Banff Hotel; Bow River [with Mount Rundle and a small wharf with canoes]; Sundance Canyon; Three Sisters, Canmore; The Gap looking west. There is also a nice panorama of Medicine Hat with the truss Finlay Bridge across the South Saskatchewan River.
Among the other photos of the Canadian Rockies are three large gelatin silver prints by Bailey Brothers: X.602. Fraser Canyon near North Bend; X.790. Eastern Corner of Mt. Stephen, Kicking Horse Pass; X.791. Bow River, Banff National Park. Another gelatin silver print titled “Mt. Stephen from Kicking Horse Valley” was produced by one of the brothers, William H. Bailey (signed W.H.B. In negative). There is also a platinum print by S.J. Thompson showing Mt. Rundle in Banff. The album also houses thirteen small amateur photos of the Canadian Rockies taken during a voyage on the CPR.
Eastern Canada is represented in three original photos by Notman & Son: 3027. South East from Parliament Bldg, Toronto; Montreal from the Mountain; [A view of the Maisonneuve Monument in Montreal]. There is also a series of six views of Kingston, Ontario by D.A. Weese: City Buildings; Private Dwelling; a Part of Harbour; Falls, Kingston Mills; Rideau at Mills; Kingston. A large anonymous photo shows the Place du Canada in Montreal with the Macdonald Monument. Four large anonymous photos depict the Niagara Falls, with two images titled in negative: “14. Genl. View from New Bridge, Moonlight” and “Whirlpool rapids, Niagara Falls.”
The “U.S. Views” include a photo by A. Loeffler “City Hall, Pulitzer, Tribune, Times & Potter Buildings,” three albumen prints by J.S. Johnston showing the Madison Square, the Brooklyn Bridge and the Statue of Liberty; two unsigned views captioned in negative: “The Banks of the Hudson, Lower Entrance to the Highlands” and “84. The Banks of the Hudson, Upper Entrance to the Highlands;” and a view of the Thousand Islands region in the New York State by Notman & Son. The album closes with four gelatin silver prints at rear showing a Chinese town and the Hague city (Holland). Overall an attractive photograph collection.


PEACOCK, [Alfred?]
[Historically Important Album with Fourteen Original Watercolours of South Eastern British Columbia Including the Canadian Pacific Railway Titled on the Spine:] B.C. & C.P.R. Album.

1886. Oblong Folio (ca. 29x40 cm). Fourteen album leaves with fourteen mounted watercolours ca. 20.5 x 31 cm (8 x 12½ in.) and slightly smaller, all titled and two dated. Recent period style blue half morocco album with cloth boards, spine with raised bands and gilt lettered title. A very good album with beautiful watercolours.
Attractive album with fourteen watercolours of south-eastern British Columbia including the Canadian Pacific Railway including:
1) Moberly Peak. - 1st Columbia Crossing. - Kicking Horse Pass; 2) Moberly Peak. - Mouth of Kicking Horse Pass. - Rocky Mountains. -Valley of Columbia, Selkirks. Columbia R.; 3) Graves alongside the dump. C.P.R.; 4) C.P.R. Snow Sheds in the Mountains.; 5) Kicking Horse Pass. Canadian Pacific Railway; 6) Packing over the Mountains; 7) Selkirks from high ground near "1st crossing of Columbia R.;" 8) Bit of the Rockies near mouth of Blackberry R. - Columbia R. In foreground; 9) Going down the Columbia - Oct. 1886; 10) On the Columbia R.; 11) Law’s Ranche - Head of Columbia River Oct. 1886; 12) Engineers Office - Gaol - Court House - Stoess[Stores?]; 13) Landing at Golden City - Columbia River; 14) Kicking Horse River - Selkirk Range - Golden City (Pig - Queens Hotel - R. Lang's Store - Pat's House).
Peacock was no doubt one of the transcontinental passengers who travelled and documented the C.P.R. In 1886, the first year of its operation. "The last spike in the CPR was driven on 7 November 1885, by one of its directors, Donald Smith, but so many cost-cutting shortcuts were taken in constructing the railway that regular transcontinental service could not start for another seven months while work was done to improve the railway's condition (part of this was due to snow in the mountains and lack of snow sheds to keep the line open).., The first transcontinental passenger train departed from Montreal's Dalhousie Station, located at Berri Street and Notre Dame Street at 8 pm on 28 June 1886, and arrived at Port Moody at noon on 4 July 1886" (Wikipedia).


BOWLER, Thomas William (1812-1869)
South African Sketches. A Series of Ten of the Most Interesting Views of the Cape of Good Hope.

London: Day & Son, 1854. First Edition. Folio (37x29,5 cm). Ten tinted lithographed plates after Bowler, as issued without text. Handsome recent green gilt tooled half morocco with cloth sides. Housed in a matching green cloth box with a gilt titled morocco label. Overall in very good condition.
Bowler emigrated to South Africa from England in 1833. He first worked at the Cape Town observatory, then as tutor to the children of Captain Wolfe (commandant of the prison on Robben Island), before finally establishing himself as a landscape artist. This work includes the following tinted lithographs: Boor's Waggon (title page); Table Bay, From Blue Berg; Royal Observatory, Looking Westward; Table Bay, From Robben Island; From Wynberg Hill, False Bay in the Distance; Great Constantia, the Property of J.P. Cloete, Esq.; Admiralty House - Entrance to Simon's Town; Castle, Cape-Town, from the S.E. Angle of the Parade; Botanical Gardens, Cape Town; Kalk Bay - Evening. Bowler is "one of the most important South African artists" (Abbey Travel 343). Not in Mendelssohn.


23. [CEYLON]
CLEATHER, William H., Captain‚ 1st Ceylon Regiment (1783-1820)
[Two Extensive Autograph Letters Signed “W.H. Cleather” to his Sister Mary Littlehales, Describing his Early Service in the Military Regiment in British Ceylon, with notes on His Travel to Ceylon on Board HMS Thalia, Colombo Garrison and Officers, Local Society, Day Schedule et al].

HMS Thalia, “18 leagues to the North of St. Jago”, 20 October 1805 and Colombo Fort, 21 June (completed 2 September) 1806. Both Octavos (ca. 23x18 cm and 25x20 cm). Each 3 ½ pp. Both addressed and sealed on the last pages. Brown ink on watermarked laid and white paper. Fold marks, both letters with minor holes on the 4th pages after opening, affecting several words; second letter with tears and minor holes on folds, but overall very good letters.
Two extensive letters giving an interesting firsthand account of the early British rule in Sri Lanka (the British occupied former Dutch possessions on the island only ten years earlier, in 1795). The first letter describes Cleather’s voyage to Ceylon from England on board HMS Thalia, with the notes on the heat of the gun room‚ the frigate’s captain Walker, Santiago Island (Cape Verde) where they got fresh supplies and water, social life on board the ship et al. “I sleep every night in the most tantalizing situation you can possibly imagine, Rayner having strung my cot in the after gun room in the midst of <…> chests of dollars to the amount of 40.000 £ which they are taking out for the Company, there is 400.000 £ standing more below.”
The second letter completed almost a year later gives an inside look into the life of British military and civil society on Ceylon, shortly after the end of the First Kandyan War (1803-1805). Cleather praises the Colombo garrison’s chaplain Reverend W.H. Heywood in whose house he started writing the letter, notes that he has dined with the “Chief Secy. Mr. Arbuthnot (the 2nd personage in the Island),” and mentions “innumerable” balls and suppers to which “I am constantly invited.” His regiment “is stationed about ten miles from the Fort <…> I have a small house but very comfortable near the parade & not far from a pretty little Cot.[tage] of Heywoods where he generally resides – for this I pay two guineas a month (nothing here).” Cleather mentions that the Regiment which consists of sepoys trains a lot because it is expected to be reviewed shortly; notes on his relation with his colleague officers – Lieut.-Col. T.W. Kerr who “has an unfortunate disposition to talk scandal,” Fort Adjutant Mr. Stewart, officers wives and daughters and others. “I do not much …[?] the heat and have never had a day’s illness since I landed in the Island. I had no duty for two or three months at first being laid up with hurts in my legs. This is common enough & is thought nothing of, it is long since over…”
Captain W.H. Cleather of the first Ceylon Regiment, was educated at Exeter College, Oxford, and arrived in Ceylon in 1805. Through his sister Mary Littlehales (to whom the letters are addressed) he was a brother-in-law of Vice-Admiral Bendall Robert Littlehales (1765-1847), a participant of the Napoleonic Wars, and Captain Edward Littlehales (1805-1888), a commander of HMS Dolphin on the coast of West Africa during the suppression of the slave trade in the 1840s. During his career in the British Ceylon, he served in different Ceylon Regiments, was the Fort adjutant at Galle, Jaffna, and Colombo. He took part in military actions during the Uva Rebellion (1817-1818) and for many years served as Deputy Judge Advocate in Ceylon.


BENTINCK, Lord William (1774-1839)‚ and other correspondents
[Volume of Important Original Diplomatic Correspondence Related to the Settlement of Europe During and After the Congress of Vienna, Mostly Relating to Italy and Austria ‚ Preserved by British Minister Plenipotentiary to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Lord Burghersh in Contemporary Secretarial Copies; the Documents Include Official and Private Letters, as well as Extracts of Reports Written by and Addressed to Lord William Bentinck (British representative to the Court at Palermo)‚ William à Court (envoy to the Kingdom of Naples)‚ Lord Castlereagh‚ Lord Stewart‚ Lord Cathcart (from St. Petersburg), Prince Metternich‚ Prince Esterhazy‚ Marquis Circello‚ and others, Titled:] Correspondence to which Letters, &c. By & to Lord Burghersh have relation. 29th March 1815 to 28 Sept. 1816. Arranged and bound in 1858.

1815-6. Folio (ca. 33,5x21,5 cm). [4] leaves, 263 numbered pages. 46 documents dated from March 1815 to September 1816‚ many of considerable length‚ none removed. Period black half morocco with marbled boards, spine neatly rebacked (with gilt tooled decorations and a title). Paper slightly age toned, right lower corner of the manuscript title cut out, but overall a very good collection of important documents.
Historically important and possibly hitherto unknown confidential source of the details of the intense diplomatic activity at the end of the Napoleonic Wars during and after the Congress of Vienna‚ particularly relating to Italy and Austria. The volume was compiled for General John Fane, Lord Burghersh (1784-1859), the head of the British Mission to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany in 1814-1830, and to Parma, Modena and Lucca since 1818. Among the documents are copies of official and private letters and extracts from correspondence of Lord William Bentinck (1774-1839) – British Envoy to the court of the Two Sicilies and commander-in-chief of the British forces in the Mediterranean in 1811-1815; Sir William à Court (1779-1860) – British envoy to the Kingdom of Naples in 1814, who later replaced Lord Bentinck on the service in Sicily; Robert Stewart, Lord Castlereagh (1769-1822) – British Foreign Secretary in 1812-1822 and the principal British diplomat at the Vienna Congress (September 1814 – June 1815); Charles William Vane, Lord Stewart (1778-1854) – British Envoy Extraordinary to the Prussian Court in Berlin (1810-1814) and British Ambassador to Vienna in 1814-1823, a participant of the Vienna Congress; General William Schaw, Lord Cathcart (1755-1843) – Ambassador to Russia in 1812-1820 and staff officer during the War of Liberation (1812-1814); Prince Klemens von Metternich (1773-1859) – Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire in 1809-1848 and the chairman at the Vienna Congress; Paul III Anton, Prince Esterhazy (1786-1866) – Hungarian Prince and diplomat; Marquis de Circello, the Neapolitan ambassador at London, and others.
The subjects discussed include: fears about the Armistice holding‚ military action against Murat‚ the intentions of the Neapolitan government‚ surveillance of French exiles‚ Bentinck’s refusal of a Diamond Snuff Box offered him by the Neapolitan minister in Rome‚ relations between Russia and England and Metternich’s intrigues (Castlereagh)‚ measures taken by the King of France‚ the Emperor of Austria’s visit to Italy‚ rumours from Sicily‚ the negotiations between Austria and Bavaria‚ the indemnity to Prince Eugene Beauharnais‚ intrigues about the exchange of territory (after the Peace of Paris) between Austria and Bavaria. The volume opens with a table of contents giving a brief overview of 37 main letters.


25. [DELHI DURBAR 1911]
[Sumptious Morocco Album with 142 Original Photographs of the Delhi Durbar of 1911 Commemorating the Coronation of King George V and Queen Mary as the Emperor and Empress of India Titled:] Coronation Durbar, Delhi, 1911.

1911. Elephant Folio (ca. 50x39 cm). 142 gelatin silver prints of various size mounted on 30 stiff card leaves, the majority either ca. 27,5x20 cm (ca. 10 ¾ x 7 ¾ in) or ca. 12,5x19,5 cm (ca. 5x7 ¾ in), there are also large double-page group portrait, ca. 40,5x56 cm (ca. 16x22 in), and large panorama ca. 19x133 cm (7 ½ x 52 ¼ in). Manuscript pencil captions under the photos. Handsome period style red full morocco with gilt tooled borders, original red morocco label with gilt tooled title and Imperial crown mounted on the front board, spine with raised bands, decorative paper endpapers, all edges gilt. Large panorama with minor creases, mounts slightly browned on extremities, otherwise a very good album.
Interesting rare collection of original photos of the Delhi Durbar of 1911 taken by Bourne & Shepherd company – the official photographers of the ceremony. Specially for this occasion “they were given the title, 'Kaiser-e-Hind' which they still use as part of their official letterhead” (Wikipedia). This solemn ceremony at Coronation Park in Delhi lasted for 9 days (7-16 December 1911) and was the only one attended by the sovereign. The Durbar of 1911 is also famous for the fact that on December 12, 1911 George V, “the then Emperor of India along with Queen Mary, made the announcement that the capital of the Raj was to be shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. On December 15, 1911, they laid the foundation stone for Viceroy's residence, and New Delhi here, which was subsequently shifted to its present location on Raisina Hill near Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's House)” (Wikipedia).
The album documents several days of the Durbar and includes a series of images showing the Kingsway railway station and high-ranking guests arriving to the ceremony (H.H. Of Indore, H.H. The Nizam, H.H. Of Biroda, H.H. Of Kashmere et al.); the reception at Salimgarh Fort; the “State entry”; the subsequent reception at the “Ridge” with the scene of fire of the “Reception Tent”; nice series dedicated to the “Presentation of Colors”; opening of the “All India Memorial” in front of the Delhi Fort; “Review” ceremony; “Reception of Chiefs”, the solemn Durbar ceremony itself – with large folding panorama of the scene; the “Church Parade”, photo of “His Majesty Reading the Proclamation” et al. Very important is the image of “Laying if the Foundation Stones of Imperial Delhi by Their Majesties”.
A series of images in dedicated to the luxury tent camps built for the guests and participants of the ceremony, including general views of different camps (Bengal and Assam Camp, Punjab Camp, King’s Camp, Burma Camp, Camp of the Governor of Bombay et al.), and the interiors of the Emperor’s tent (HM’s Audience Chamber, Drawing Room, Her Majesty’s Boudoir et al.). There are also views of Delhi related to the solemn festivities: the Red Fort gate, Durbar post office, Jama Masjid mosque, Diwan-i-Khas Hall in the Red Fort et al.
A group of images shows the sport tournaments organized during the Durbar: semi-finals and finals for Polo, finals of the football tournament with the group portrait of the winning team and a photo of their Majesties watching the game; winners of the hockey tournament et al. Interesting portraits include those of “Balochistan Chiefs” “Bhutan Chiefs”; “Shan Chiefs”, “Bishops of India and Chaplains who conducted the State Service” and a large double-page group portrait of the Durbar guests, the majority of whom are shown wearing the Delhi Durbar Medal – special insignia to commemorate the ceremony (there were 26800 medals in silver and 102 in gold).
Overall a beautiful album with historically significant images.
The Delhi Durbar, meaning "Court of Delhi", was a mass assembly at Coronation Park, Delhi, India, to mark the coronation of a King and Queen of the United Kingdom. Also known as the Imperial Durbar, it was held three times, in 1877, 1903, and 1911, at the height of the British Empire. The 1911 Durbar was the only one attended by the sovereign, who was George V. The term was derived from common Mughal term durbar.
On March 22, 1911, a royal proclamation announced that the Durbar would be held in December to commemorate the coronation in Britain a few months earlier of King George V and Queen Mary and allow their proclamation as Emperor and Empress of India. Without public forewarning, the announcement of the move of India's capital from Calcutta to Delhi was also made at the Durbar. Practically every ruling prince and nobleman in India, plus thousands of landed gentry and other persons of note, attended to pay obeisance to their sovereigns.
The official ceremonies lasted from December 7 to December 16, with the Durbar itself occurring on Tuesday, December 12. The Sovereigns appeared in their Coronation robes, the King-Emperor wearing the Imperial Crown of India with eight arches, containing 6170 exquisitely cut diamonds, and covered with sapphires, emeralds and rubies, with a velvet and miniver cap all weighing 34.05 ounces (965 g). They then appeared at a darshan (a sight) at the jharoka (balcony window) of Red Fort, to receive half a million or more of the common people who had come to greet them. A feature film of the coronation titled With Our King and Queen Through India (1912) – also known as The Durbar in Delhi – was filmed in the early color process Kinemacolor and released on 2 February 1912.
King George V announced the movement of the capital of India from Calcutta to New Delhi during the Durbar and also laid the foundation stone of New Delhi. Generally the Durbar achieved its purpose of cementing support for British rule among the ruling princes, as was demonstrated by the support given during the First World War” (Wikipedia).
“Bourne & Shepherd established in 1863, is the oldest photographic studio still in operation, and one of the oldest established photographic businesses in the world. At its peak it was the most successful commercial firm in 19th-and early 20th-century India, with agencies all over India, and outlets in London and Paris, and also ran a mail order service.
Though some sources consider its inception to be 1862, when noted British photographers, Charles Shepherd established a photographic studio, with Arthur Robertson, called ‘Shepherd & Robertson’ in Agra, which later moved to Shimla and eventually became the part of ‘Howard, Bourne & Shepherd’, set up by Samuel Bourne, Charles Shepherd, along with William Howard, first established in Shimla around 1863, and later in Kolkata in 1867, where it is still operational today, at Esplanade Row, in Esplanade, Kolkata (Calcutta) under the same name. Today some of their earlier work is preserved at Cambridge University Library, the National Portrait Gallery, London, the National Geographic Society's Image Collection and the Smithsonian Institution” (Wikipedia).


[Collection of Fourteen Original Watercolours and Pencil and Ink Drawings Depicting the Construction of the East India Railway from Calcutta to Benares in 1851-1862, from the Personal Estate of the Railway’s Chief Engineer George Turnbull; With an Official Invitation to Turnbull from the Duke of Edinburgh for a Ball where the Viceroy of India will Present].

The watercolours: ca. 1852-1861. Fourteen watercolours and drawings, from ca. 20,5x24 cm (8 x 9 ½ in) to ca. 12,5x19 cm (4 ¾ x 7 ½ in), one small pencil drawing ca. 8,5x7,5 cm (3 3/8 x in). Five mounted on original album leaves, all with manuscript ink captions on the mounts, the lower margins or on verso; eleven also signed by the artists. Eight with old mount residue on verso, one pencil drawing with minor tears on the margins neatly repaired, but overall a very good collection. The invitation: ca. 1870. Official printed card ca. 14,5x18,5 cm (5 ½ x 7 ¼ in). Finished in manuscript. Minor staining and old mount residue on verso, otherwise a very good print.
This unique collection of fourteen original watercolours and drawings was assembled by George Turnbull (1809-1889), the chief engineer of the East Indian Railway (EIR), nicknamed the “First railway engineer in India,” and gives a fascinating firsthand view of the railway’s construction in 1851-1862. The EIR connected Howrah and Benares, becoming the second railway to be constructed in India after the line from Bombay to Thane (1853). Turnbull took active part in surveying the railway’s possible route in 1851 and then managed its construction in the field; one of his main engineering achievements was the construction of the Soane Bridge (now Koilwar) over the largest Ganges tributary, and the design of the terminus station at Howrah. The construction was complicated by the Indian Mutiny of 1857 and the outburst of cholera in 1859.
The collection was apparently assembled by Turnbull during the active phase of the East Indian Railway’s construction; the watercolours and drawings are signed by eight artists who were either hired by the EIR or resided in Bengal and were Turnbull’s personal acquaintances. Five watercolours relate to the early, pre-Mutiny period of the EIR construction. Two of them are mounted on both sides of the same paper leaf: a larger one titled “East Indian Railway. Coolies & Bullock Hackeries collecting materials, a peepul tree on the right. G[eorge] T[urnbull], 3rd Nov 1852,” and a smaller one titled “Bengalee Brickmaking” (both by G.W. Archer). These watercolours represent the process of brickmaking for the railway, which was known to be problematic – the quality of the clay and workmanship was low, so the plan to construct most of the bridges out of bricks eventually failed, and they had to be replaced with steel constructions specially imported from England. Another watercolour signed by G.W. Archer is a “Sketch of Connagore Bungalow, 2 miles south of Serampore - showing also the railway embankment” (dated 3rd Nov 1853). There are also a watercolour titled “Lane scene at “Mohr” near Barh, Bengal. S.A. Stewart fecit” (dated 6 Feb. 1856); and a view of the “Mohamedan Bridge near Rajmahal (Godhai). Mr Glinn fecit, 1857.”
A later watercolour represents the construction of the Soane (Koilwar) Bridge, carried out in 1856-1862 (with a pause during the Indian Mutiny). It was one of the most important stages of the EIR construction, the Soane Bridge being the longest bridge on the Indian subcontinent until 1900. The watercolour signed “B.S.” in the left lower corner shows the “Soane Bridge Workings from the Head of Eastern Incline. 25th February 1860.”
Among the drawings are an ink and pencil portrait of “Mr. Fox, C.E. Serampore. 1st January 1852;” two pastel portraits of the “G[eorge]. T[urnbull]’s Bearer” (by J. Slater, 1852), a pencil portrait of a cook who apparently served the railway engineers, titled “Tiarmarree. Dec 28th 1856. Francis – ‘Good curry mem!’” (by J. Bradden); and a humorous pencil portrait of “The resident engineer Miysa District, giving receipts for houses pulled down in Tellandoo villages. 1857. Viz. Walter Bourne”. There are also two nice architectural views of Rajmahal where the EIR station was finished in 1859. A pen drawing shows the ruins of Sang-i-dalan, or Stone Palace, built by Shah Shuja (1639-1660) in the 17th century. The pencil inscription on verso reads “Rajmahal. The Singhe Dulan (or old part), Mahomedan Palace. Bungalow occupied by Mr. Vigors, district Engineer and family, etched by Mr. Vaux & presented to F.[?] T., 1856, Decr.” Another drawing by A. Vaux in grey watercolour shows a mosque in Rajmahal. Among other art works are a pencil drawn “Boohdut Chait or sacred monument, Sikkim”, and a small portrait of “Miss Garston, Darjeeling, Augt. 1861” (by R. Yule).
The invitation reads “To have the Honor of Meeting His Excellency the Viceroy The Equerry in waiting is commanded, by His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh to request the Company of Mr. & Mrs. Turnbull to a Ball on board H.M.S. Galatea, on Tuesday Evening 4th January at half past nine o’clock. Full Dress.”


[A Superb Presentation Photograph Album of the Eastern Bengal Railway Line, Presented to W[rey]. A. E[dward] Hanby [M.B.E.] (Retiring Deputy Chief Engineer) by the Officers of the Eastern Bengal Railway 1917].

1917. Elephant Folio (ca. 39x54 cm). 26 stiff card leaves. With 89 mounted, matte silver gelatin photographs. The first leaf with a tipped in leaf of 52 ink signatures of railroad administrators. The photos from ca. 23,5x29 cm (9 ½ x 11 ½ in) to ca.13,5x20 cm (5 ½ x 8 in). There are 35 larger single leaf views. Most of the views are captioned in white ink. Many of the photographs are either by Bourne & Shepherd or Hoffmann and Johnston Period black full morocco with a silver presentation plaque mounted on the front cover, with an engraved inscription: “Presented to W.A.C. Hanby, Esq, by the officers of the Eastern Bengal Railway, 1917.” Extremities with mild wear, front joint cracked otherwise a very good album.
Mr. Wrey Edward Hanby, M.B.E., joined the engineering branch of the Public Works Department in Bengal, c.1888, and spent most of his career working for the Eastern Bengal State Railway, retiring in 1917 as a Deputy Chief Engineer. The Eastern Bengal Railway Company was established in 1857 with the objective of introduction of railway transport in eastern Bengal and even to move into Burma. The strong images in this album include: a group of officers of the EBR at headquarters in 1915, a group of officers of the EBR in 1917, Indian peasants ploughing, harvesting, cutting and working with jute, boats bringing jute to a riverside station, foreshore of the river Houghly at Chitpore, the Chitpore goods shed, the Chitpore road with many carts pulled by oxen, clearing trees from a vast estate for a garden, a view of a massive garden, women and children transplanting seedlings, a group of Bhooteas in Darjeeling in 1905 (Bourne and Shephard photo), 12 images of the effects of a cyclone on the Ganges river in October 1909, (Bourne and Shephard photos), 8 images of the effects of the great earthquake of 12th June1897 on the EB Railway, showing cracks in the earth, in bridges and tracks, in the Nelphanari station yard, on the Rungpur branch, etc. (Bourne and Shephard photos), St. Paul’s cathedral in Calcutta, 3 street scenes in Calcutta showing bustling activity and the Holwell monument, the EBR offices, and the High court, (Bourne and Shephard photos), EBR main station, shipping on the Hooghly river (B&S photo), a Calcutta suburb (B&S photo), the family burial ground of the Nawab of Murshidabad (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), the old Katra Musjid temple in Murshidabad, loading a wagon ferry barge from a train engine and open box cars, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), a panorama of the lower Ganges bridge, the lower Ganges bridge being constructed, a close-up of the lower Ganges bridge dated 1914, a train coming through the lower Ganges bridge in 1915, from the point of view of a traveler at one end, a river scene on the Ganges river, brick manufacturing, brick foundations for a building, well sinking with heavy equipment, earthwork coolies, many workers building up a well, a boat building and two river scenes on the Ganges river, a view of the Sendlah(?) train yard showing the old office buildings, the Chitpore train yard, 3 images of changing 40 feet spans on the Kitihar, Parbatipur(?) section of track; E.B.Railway, Ghat station on the River Ganges, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), a Dak bungalow, Carts crossing a ford, Avenue of papal(?) trees, River steamer with flats in tow, Government House in Dacca (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Loading timbers onto M.G. Trucks at Jainti(?) (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Jainti River with the Himalayas in the distance (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Peacock Island, Gauhati, Gauhati from Peacock Island (Bourne and Shephard photo), The Beadon Falls, Shilong (Bourne and Shephard photo), A long view of Shilong, In the Forest below Ging, Darjeeling, A train and its cars on the DHRy, the single loop (Bourne and Shephard photo), A train going up the Darjeeling reverse no. 3, (Bourne and Shephard photo), The town of Darjeeling from below the shrubbery, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Snowy Range from Sandakfoo, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Snowy Range from Senghal, Everest on the left, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), On the Teesta, below the Bridge, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Bridge over the Runjnoo, Darjeeling; Main Gate to twelve buildings, Gaur, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Andina Building, Pandua, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo) & The Twelve Door Building, Gaur, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo).


TEN EYCK, Samuel
[Important Autograph Letter Signed from Samuel Ten Eyck to O.B. Throop, giving a Description of Guaymas, Mexico, his Impressions of Mexicans, and Briefly Relating his Experiences During the Fraser River Gold Rush].

Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico, 27 April 1859. On a folded double quarto leaf. [4] pp. Brown ink on bluish paper. Blind stamp of a papermaker (Rolland Freres, Bordeaux) in the upper left corner. Housed in a later custom made blue quarter morocco clam shell box with gilt lettered spine. Old fold marks, otherwise a near fine letter.
In this letter Samuel Ten Eyck writes to his friend, Origin B. Throop, back home in Schoharie, New York, offering a description of the Mexican port city of Guaymas, Sonora, giving his assessment of Mexican attitudes toward Americans, and describing his experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
Samuel Ten Eyck came from a prominent family in New York's Schoharie County. He left Schoharie in the early 1850s, went to California in search of gold, took part in the Fraser River Gold Rush in British Columbia of 1858-1859, and then arrived in Guaymas, Mexico in the spring of 1859. He apparently went to Sonora in anticipation of that state and the surrounding Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sinaloa being annexed to the United States. The Gadsen Purchase Treaty, ratified in 1854, brought a part of northern Sonora into the United States, and there appears to have been some agitation for the United States to take more territory in the region. Such a thing did not occur, and it is unknown for how long Ten Eyck stayed in Guaymas waiting for it to happen, or where his travels took him next.
The letter begins by Ten Eyck asking Throop to make discreet inquiries to some of his friends as to why they have not corresponded with him. "I suppose you will be astonished to learn I am in this God-forsaken country. I must confess, I am astonished to find myself here, but here I am and what is still more pleasant, have a mighty fine prospect of, as it is termed in California, making my pile. I have been here but a month. On my arrival I found the country all excitement, and a revolution going on in the three states, 'Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa,' they being, I think, the tail end of creation, but they are full of silver mines and in saying that I say all that can be said in their favour. The Mexicans are the most hostile people in the world and think no more of killing an American than of taking a drink and as this is the scene of Walker's exploits and also where the unfortunate H.A. Crabb & followers were massacred, I am obliged to keep a pretty sharp look out. The women, however, are very kind & affectionate, and in case of difficulty invariably give you a warning and find a place of concealment for you. At least I have found it so on two occasions. <..,>
Guaymas, the seaport of Sonora & an old city, contains perhaps eight thousand inhabitants and being an earthquake country the houses are but one story high and mostly built of adoby [sic], which is the building material of mostly all houses in Mexico and on entering one is reminded more of a large brickyard than of a large city. <..,> I would not have come here but that the three states above named will without doubt be annexed to the U.S. - if so your humble servant is all right. I have had five years experience in California and any chance that may offer here I am on hand, in fact the pioneer."
Ten Eyck also briefly describes his experiences in British Columbia during the recent Fraser River Gold Rush: "It is as hot as blazes [in Guaymas]. I feel it more perhaps than others just having come from a northern country, as the year past I have been at Vancouver's Island & British Columbia. You of course heard of the Fraser River excitement. I was almost the first of the many thousands that rushed to that cold country. It did not prove as profitable as was anticipated, still it paid me very well, as I was able after nine months hard work to leave with a five hundred more than I took with me."
In the end Ten Eyck gives his assessment of the qualities of the women he has encountered in Guaymas, "beautiful, full of life and spirit", "very positive to us Americans" etc. A very interesting important letter, with provocative views on Mexico and a bit of information on one American's experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
O.B. Throop was the owner of the only drug store in the county which still exists today as the Schoharie pharmacy, and a Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Albany and Schoharie plank road (1862).


29. [GOA & MACAU]
Annaes Maritimos e Coloniaes. Publicação Mensal Redigida sob a Direcção da Associação Maritima e Colonial [Maritime and Colonial Annals: Monthly Publication Issued under the Direction of the Maritime and Colonial Association].

Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional, 1840-1846. First Edition. Octavo. Complete, with 103 issues in 6 vols. 533, [3], 12; 583, [5]; 346, [2], 641, [2]; [1 – t.p.], 409, [2], [1 – t.p.], 455, [2]; 235, [1], 512, [2]; 56, 135 pp. With a total of thirteen lithograph maps, plans and charts (twelve folding, three in color), nine lithograph plates (seven folding; one large), and one large folding table, plus many tables in the text. Handsome period maroon and brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled and papered boards. Bound in a similar but not quite uniform style. Vol. 2 bound without a title page. A couple of plates with repairs and markings of removed old adhesive tape, a couple of places of mild foxing, two volumes with slight cracking of hinges but holding. Overall a clean very good set.
A complete set (103 issues) of the first and only edition of this important Portuguese periodical dedicated to navigation, geographical exploration and colonial issues, and published by the Associação Maritima e Colonial in Lisbon. The materials include important original articles on the Portuguese colonies in Africa (Angola and Mozambique), India (Goa), China (Macau), Indonesia (Timor and other islands, e.g. Solor); official documents by the Portuguese government regarding maritime and colonial issues, as well as current statistical information from the colonies; first publications of the accounts of Portuguese voyages of exploration (e.g. In the Central Africa); interesting archival documents regarding Portuguese voyages and discoveries from the XVth century onwards and many others.
The collection includes three lengthy articles serialized through many issues: one is on the Portuguese colonies in Asia, including Macau and Timor, one on Portuguese explorations in the interior of Africa (diary of Dr. Francisco Jose de Lacerda e Almeida), and one on Portuguese colonies on the west coast of Africa (Angola). Other articles are dedicated to the Solor Island (Indonesia), Mozambique, the trade with the Malay Archipelago, the priority of Portuguese explorations in the Northern and Central Africa; problems of Christianisation and public education of the population of the Portuguese colonies et al. There are also accounts of the most important international expeditions of the time, e.g. Dumont-Dourville’s travel to the Antarctic (1837-40), Dupetit-Thouars’ circumnavigation of the frigate Venus (1836-39), Canadian Arctic exploration by the Hudson’s Bay Company vessels, the US Exploring Expedition in the South Pacific in 1838-40 et al. The publications also include texts of international anti-slavery treaties, documents on exports and imports, articles on the latest navigation techniques and machines, e.g. Steam ships, et al.
The charts are aimed at helping sailors to navigate in difficult ports, and show the harbors of Lisbon, Goa, Quellimane (Mozambique, hand coloured), Dilly (Timor), Mossamedes (modern Namibia, Angola) and Lobito (Benguela province of Angola); there are also folding plans of the city of Goa, a Portuguese fort in Pungo an Dongo (Angola); a topographical chart of the National Forest of Leiria (Portugal) and others. Plates include two views of the rapids de São Salvador da Pesqueira on the river Douro (Portugal) – before and after the works which removed the rapids and made the river navigable at this point; a nicely executed large folding view of the façade of the famous ruin of St. Paul’s Cathedral in Macau, a reprint of a document in Chinese, a draft of a vapour vessel, a statistical table of the population of the Portuguese Goa and others.
Volume I contains 11 issues and a supplement (pp. 529-33), followed by an index (3 pp.), as described in Fonseca, and "Estatutos da Associação Maritima" (12 pp., paginated separately), which is not mentioned in Fonseca. In volume II, there are 12 issues. Volumes III, IV and V each contain 24 issues: 12 in the "Parte Official," 12 more in the "Parte Não Official." In volume VI, only 4 issues each of the "Parte Official" and "Parte Não Official" were published. Fonseca calls for only 1 folding plate and 3 maps in the "Parte Não Official" of volume III, where this copy has 3 plates and 4 maps. Fonseca also fails to mention the single leaf preceding the text in both "Partes" of volume IV.
Innocêncio I, 72; Sabin 1577a.


LA PEYRERE, Isaac de (1596-1676)
Relation du Groenland [An Account of Greenland].

Paris: Thomas Jolly, 1647. First Edition. Small Octavo. [xvi], 278, [4] pp. With an engraved folding map and an engraved folding plate. With the bookplate of the Marquis de Bassan and also from the library of the Abbot of Saint-Léger, with his annotation about La Peyrere on the verso of the blank leaf before the title. Handsome period brown gilt tooled polished full calf. Text and map with few very minor tiny worm holes which have been expertly repaired. Overall a near fine and very original copy.
"The first printed account to give a detailed description of Greenland, in addition to describing the geography, population, history and commerce of Greenland, La Peyrere gives an account of Jens Munk's voyage to find a Northwest Passage for the Danish East India Company. That expedition, which turned back after reaching the west shore of Hudson's Bay, includes details of the Norse in America and whaling. After wintering in Hudson Bay, only Munk and two of his men survived scurvy (Christies). "On 9 May 1619, under the auspices of King Christian IV, Munk set out with 65 men and His Royal Majesty's two ships, the Unicorn and Lamprey, to discover the Northwest Passage to the Indies and China. He penetrated Davis Strait as far north as 69°, found Frobisher Bay, and then spent almost a month fighting his way through Hudson Strait. In September 1619 he found the entrance to Hudson Bay and spent the winter near the mouth of the Churchill River. Cold, famine, and scurvy destroyed so many of his men that only two persons besides himself survived. With these men, he sailed for home with the Lamprey on 16 July 1620, reaching Bergen, Norway, on 20 September, 1620" (Wikipedia); Howgego M180.


[Photograph Album of 208 Original Photographs of the Pacific and South-East Asia, including Hawaii, Japan, China, the Philippines, Ceylon, India and Himalayas].
Ca. 1905. Oblong Folio (28,5x38 cm). 50 leaves. Over 160 mounted photographs of different size, from ca. 8x13 cm (3x5 in) to ca. 5x8 cm (2x3 in), all captioned in white. Period brown sheep blind stamped on the front board. Extremities mildly rubbed, one leaf with a tear, but otherwise a very good album.
Interesting photograph album, presumably compiled by an American traveller on a tour, with a small group, from Hawaii across the Pacific Ocean to South-East Asia and India. The nationality of the traveller, as well as the approximate date of their trip (ca. 1905) can be supported by the fact, that he crossed the Pacific from Hawaii on SS Mongolia, which was launched in 1903 and used on the trans-Pacific service (San Francisco, Hawaii, Hong Kong) from 1904 to 1915. The date is also confirmed by a picture of steamship Minnesota, included in the album (it was built in 1904 and made forty round trip voyages between the U.S. West Coast and the Far East between January 1905 and October 1915), (The Atlantic Transport Line, 1881 -1931, on-line).
The album starts with the Hawaiian views showing "Queen Lil’s home," Palm Avenue, and "Residence" in Honolulu. Then a large group of photographs (51) show Japan - Yokohama, Kamakura, Kyoto, Osaka, Nagasaki, Mt. Fuji, Lake Hakone (Ashi) and historic Fujiya Hotel in Miyanoshita (Hakone); with views of Japanese gardens and temples, beggars, children and a portrait the traveller with geishas. China is represented with 27 photographs of Canton with its canals, streets, colonial buildings on the Shameen (modern Shamian) Island; Wuchou (port, missionaries' houses and others), several views of the West River with boats and junks; Macao (facade of the ruined Catholic church) et al. Thirteen photographs show Manila (numerous views of churches), Singapore and Malaysia (Penang). Ceylon photographs (19) include interesting views of Colombo’s colonial architecture and harbour, ruins of Kandy and Anuradhapura, and a portrait of the traveler holding a cobra in an open basket (the photo captioned "Snake charmer").
The largest group of photographs, over 70, relate to India and Burma and show: temples of Trichinopoly; pagodas of Rangoon and Mandalay, trip on the Irrawaddy River (Burma); botanical garden and street views of Calcutta, Ganges ghats and temples of Benares, palaces and ruins of Lucknow; Taj Mahal, Fort and numerous mosques of Agra and Delhi; views of Kanpur, Jaipur, Amber, Ahmedabad. Very interesting are the Himalayan views taken in Darjeeling, including the one with travelers in a sedan chair waiting to be taken "to Tiger Hill to see Mt. Everest." And, of course, a portrait of the traveler with two local women in national dress, captioned "A thorn between two roses (Darjeeling)." Overall a very interesting album with excellent images.


[Two Detailed Manuscript Testimonials of a Voyage of the Merchant brig Jane to the West Indies in 1780, and the Circumstances of Her Shipwreck during the Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane, Notarially Certified in Montego Bay and London; With a Period Copy of Jane’s Portledge Bill for 1781].

Montego Bay (Jamaica) - London, 1780-1781. Three Folio Manuscripts (ca. 44x28 cm, ca. 40x26 cm and ca. 36,5x22 cm) folded to Octavos. 3, 1 and 3 pp each. Each brown ink on watermarked laid paper, each docketed on the last blank page. Two signed by deponents and notaries, one with two tax stamps and a notarial seal. Fold marks, but overall very good and legible documents.
Interesting collection of three original manuscripts revealing the story of the voyage of British merchant brig Jane to the West Indies in 1780 and her experience of the Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane on 3 October 1780, during which she was considerably damaged and a large part of her cargo was lost. The documents include an affidavit, compiled in Montego Bay (Jamaica) on 10 January 1781 and signed by Jane’s Commander James Jones, first mate William Barrey and boatswain Sever Brown. The affidavit was witnessed before Samuel Mottershed, Esq., a Justice for the parish of Saint James; and certified by Ralph Montague, Notary Public in Montego Bay (St. James parish, Cornwall County, Jamaica). The other document is a notarially certified “Declaration of a protest”, compiled after Jane’s return to Britain. The document is signed by James Jones and William Barrey and certified by a London notary on 31 August 1781. The last document is a period copy of Jane’s portledge bill, for the period from 30 January to September 1781, listing twenty-six crew members (including captain), their station, length of service, and amount of wages due and paid.
The affidavit and declaration of protest give a detailed account of Jane’s voyage to the Caribbean and the circumstances of her damage during the notorious Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane which struck Montego Bay where Jane had been moored, on 3 October 1780. Jane arrived to Kingston from London on 1 August 1780, under the escort of HMS Thunderer and other men-of-war; later that month she sailed for the Black River where she received a cargo of logwood, mahogany and pimento. In Montego Bay she was additionally loaded with sugar and rum. Whilst there Jane experienced a severe storm, and in spite of the attempt to find asylum in the mouth of the Great River, the brig drag both anchors and was driven to a reef where she was struck against the rocks many times. The ship was a wreck and couldn’t be taken off the reef for another three weeks. The cargo, anchors and guns were reloaded in order to lighten the ship, and when the time came to reload, it turned out that a large part of the cargo had been “washed about the beach owing to sundry gales of wind <…> and many pieces buried in the sand.” In spite of the “utmost endeavours” some part of cargo were never recovered.
Jane returned to Montego Bay on 27 January 1781 and on 17 March left the West Indies for London, in a convoy of ninety merchantmen, protected by HMS Edmont Graffton, Trident Bristol and Endymion. The long, five-month return trip was perilous, with her taking “a great deal of water <…> so as to keep the pump almost constantly going.” The next day after arrival the captain filed the present declaration of protest at the office of a London notary which solemnly stated: “I do protest against the Seas and bad weather, and particularly against the Violent Hurricane which the said Ship met with in Jamaica when taking on board her said Cargo as above mentioned for all Loss and Damage happened to the said Brig and Cargo;” he declared “that when the said Brig begun to take in her said Cargo at Jamaica aforesaid She was tight Staunch and Strong <…> and provided with all things needful for such a Brig and Voyage. That as well During the time the said Brig was on Shore in Jamaica as aforesaid, as at all other times, he this appearer and the Rest of the said Brig’s Company Exorted [sic!] themselves to the utmost of their Power and used their utmost Endeavours to preserve the said Brig and Cargo from Damage, so that what Loss and Damage hath happened to the said Brig and Cargo was intirely [sic!] occasioned by the means aforesaid and not through any insufficiency in the said Brig neglect of him appearer or any of his mariners.”


PAAR, T[heodore] H.
[Photo Album with Ten Original Photographs of Kanchenjunga and Darjeeling].

Darjeeling, ca. 1900. With ten silver gelatin prints each ca. 21x28 cm (8 ½ x 11 in). Nine of the images with captions and photographers name in negative in lower margin. Period green cloth boards rebacked in green morocco. Photographs mounted on original card leaves, a couple mildly faded by overall in very good condition.
The captioned images included in this album are: #23. Kinchinjunga by Sunset; #85 Kinchinjunga from Phalut; #80 Kinchinjunga from Sandakphu; #78 Mt. Everest from Sandakphu; #79 Clouds from Phalut; #14 View from Senchal; #12 Kinchinjunga from Observatory Hill; #67 Darjeeling by moonlight; #42 Chinbatti Loop; one image of a statue not captioned. "Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m (28,169 ft) in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal that is limited in the west by the Tamur River and in the east by the Teesta River" (Wikipedia).


34. [LADAKH]
TEMPLER, Charles Bertram, Major (1860-1931)
[Album of Twelve Original Watercolours of Ladakh, with a Later Watercolour View of Rochefort, France].

Ca. 1886. Oblong Folio (28x37,5 cm). 5 leaves. Thirteen watercolours mounted on recto and verso of the card album leaves, including eight larger ones, ca. 17,5x25 cm (7x10 in) or slightly smaller, and five smaller ones, ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5x7 in). All watercolours captioned in ink on the lower margins of the album leaves, all but one are signed “CBT” and dated 1886 and 1909 in the lower left or right corners of the drawings. Manuscript title of the album on the first free endpaper “C.B. Templer. Octr. 1928. Exmouth. With sketches dating from 1886.” With a large cabinet portrait photo ca. 20x15,5 cm (7 ¾ x 6 in), captioned “Charles Johann” [?] in the right lower corner, mounted on the front pastedown. Period black half sheep with green pebble-grain cloth boards. Expertly rebacked in style, card mounts slightly age toned, otherwise a very good album.
An album of interesting watercolours of Ladakh (now a part of the Jammu and Kashmir State, India) executed by Major C.B. Templer of the Indian Army, 19th Regiment of Bengal Lancers (Fane’s Horse). He served in India in 1880-1893 and took part in the second Mirazai Expedition of 1891. During his service with the 19th Lancers Templer participated in the horse races and was the first holder of the Indian Grand National Trophy (Some reminiscences of Indian Sport// The Field, The Country Gentleman's Newspaper, Christmas 1922, p. 5). After the end of his career Templer lived in Execliff (Exmouth), actively travelled around Europe and also visited South Africa.
The album includes eleven accomplished watercolours made in Ladakh in 1886, during Templer's time in the Indian Army, including a view of “Leh, capital of Ladakh” with the Leh Palace in the centre and the Ladakh mountain range in the background, a panorama of a “Tartar Camp” near Ladakh with tents made of woolen blankets, portraits of a Buddhist Lama with the prayer wheel, Ladakh shepherd “Bipari, trader in sheep's wool,” and of a woman coolie. Five watercolours depict local animals, with expressive notes by Templer: “Ladakh Transport!! Yak, goat & sheep,” “Spiti Pony. Very hard, never shod!! Feet as hard as iron!!,” “Fighting Cock!,” “Watch dog - Guards the sheep, goats &c., protected by iron collars against Leopards, wolves &c.,” “Kyang – wild horse of Ladakh.” Another drawing shows the grave of Templer’s charger Sweetheart somewhere in the Ladakh hills, with a note: “She was with me for 18 years, was my Charger and won me eleven races!! She was perfection in every way!!” There is also a beautiful view of snow covered peaks of the Himalayas taken from the Narkanda mountain station near Simla. The last watercolour dated 1903 depicts a small bridge & stream at Rochefort, France. Overall a beautiful illustrative account on Ladakh.


35. [MALTA]
AGIUS, H[oratio] (1844-1910)
[Album with Twenty-Two Original Photographs of Malta & One loose Image of the R.M.S. Himalaya; [With] Twelve Mounted Chromolithographic Bull Fighting Scenes].

Cospiqua-Malta, ca. 1884. Folio (38x28 cm). 30 leaves. Twenty-two albumen photographs mounted on twelve leaves. Most photos ca. 20.5x26 cm (8x10 in). Also, one loose photo ca. 15x28.5 cm (6x11 in) of the R.M.S. Himalaya with part of lower mount missing and twelve mounted chromolithographic bull fighting scenes, J. Arias, Sevilla. Period style gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with dark olive cloth boards. Mounts mildly foxed, otherwise a very good album.
Horatio Agius worked in Malta from (ca. 1860 to 1900) and exhibited his photographs in London 1866. Eighteen of the photos are signed H. Agius and these generally strong unfaded images include views of: Maltese costumes, English, German and French Curtain, Armory, Governor's Palace, Auberge de Castille, General View Great Harbour, Royal Theatre, St. John's Church, Gate of Citta' Vecchia, General View of Floriana, Fort St. Angelo, Saluting Battery & Customs House, Entrance of the Great Harbour, Strada Reale, Landing Place Mar.


BARBIE DU BOCAGE, Jean Guillaume (1795-1848)
[A set of Three Jigsaw Maps Including:] France Divisée en 89 Departments; Carte de l'Europe; Mappe Monde en deux Hémisphères.

Paris, ca. 1845. Each jigsaw puzzle map is ca. 29x37,5 cm, with dissected pieces mounted on paper backed wood and each map with its own tray. With two extra maps: Europe Politique & Mappe-Monde from Geographie des Ecoles. Maps housed in a decoratively embossed "Atlas" original box. Overall the jigsaw maps and box are in very good condition.
This jigsaw puzzle game comprises of double-hemisphere World, Europe, and France maps. The engraved maps are with original hand-colouring and show the borders of Europe post Congress of Vienna. Tooley Mapmakers A-D p.82.


MILBERT, Jacques Gerard (1766-1840)
Voyage Pittoresque a l'Ile de France, au Cap de Bonne Esperance et a l'Ile de Teneriffe. [Picturesque Voyage to Mauritius, the Cape of Good Hope and the Island of Tenerife].

Paris: Le Normant pour A. Nepveu, 1812. First Edition. Octavo Text 2 vols. & Oblong Folio Atlas. Xiv, 392, [1], [1]; [iii], 390, [1]; [iii]. With 45 copper engraved views, plans and maps, many folding. Text in handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf. Atlas in period blue quarter cloth with pebbled papered boards. Text in near fine condition and atlas mildly rubbed at extremities and a few plates with some mild dust soiling. Overall a very good set.
"Jacques-Gérard Milbert was a French naturalist and artist. In 1800, Milbert embarked on Nicolas Baudin's voyage to Australia. During the voyage, Milbert and several other artists became ill, and the artists and the captain came into conflict. This caused several artists, including Milbert, to leave the voyage at Mauritius, leaving Charles-Alexandre Lesueur to produce the voyage's scientific drawings. Milbert returned to France, where in 1812 he published a series of views of Mauritius, the Cape Colony and Tenerife, titled "Voyage pittoresque à l'Ile de France, au Cap de Bonne Espérence et à l'Ile de Ténériffe"" (Wikipedia). Milbert was invited on the expedition by M. Bory de Vincent. Gay 266; Mendelssohn II, p.13.


GOLDSMITH, George, Admiral RN (1806-1875)
[Album of Over Thirty Watercolour, Pen and Wash, and Pencil Drawings of the Mediterranean, Including Coastal Views of Greece, Italy, Alexandria, Egypt, Several Greek Islands, Apes Hill on the African Side of the Strait of Gibraltar, Algiers, Tunis, Smyrna, and others].

Ca. 1834-1839. Oblong Quarto (ca. 19,5x24,5 cm). 31 leaves. With over thirty watercolours and drawings (mostly pen and wash or pencil drawings, eleven coloured), including six double-page panoramas and several pages with smaller drawings placed together. All but two with period pencil or ink captions and notes. Period style maroon gilt tooled straight grained half morocco with marbled paper boards. Several album leaves slightly soiled or with minor tears on margins, but the watercolours and drawings and the album are overall in very good condition.
Attractive collection of watercolour views and panoramas of the Mediterranean coast, drawn by skillful amateur artist, British naval officer George Goldsmith. The album was compiled during his service as lieutenant on HMS brig-sloop Childers (commanded by Henry Keppel) in the Mediterranean in May 1834 - April 1839. Among the interesting views are a double-page panorama of the Apes Hill on the African side of the Strait of Gibraltar, two panoramas drawn under each other: of La Goulette (the port of Tunis) and of “Plains where the Ruins of Ancient Carthage stand,” coastal panoramas of Smyrna and Alexandria, views of the Sappho’s Leap (Leucadia Island, Ionian Sea), Isles of Patmos and Delos, Malta harbour, Mount Vesuvius, Algiers, colourful “Grotto of Pausillipo with Virgil’s Tomb” (near Naples), pencil drawn “Front view of the Temple of Minerva on Cape Colonna, Attica;” pen and wash drawings of HMS Martin in the Smyrna Bay, “Loss of HM Schooner Telegraph in Plymouth Sound,” ruins of the temple of Bacchus, “Remains of a Grecian Tomb near Macri now standing in the Water” (East Attica, Greece, the coast of the Aegean Sea), watercolour of a sailing ship under the British flag, and others. There are also small portraits of an Albanian, an Arab man and a woman, Mamelukes and a Bedouin Arab.
George Goldsmith joined the Royal Navy in 1821 and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant (1828), Commander (1841), Captain (1842), Vice-Admiral (1867) and Admiral (1875). Goldsmith served in the Mediterranean, West Coast Africa and the East Indies. He took part in the 1st Anglo-Chinese War, with HMS Hyacinth; and the Crimean War, with HMS Sidon under his command. Upon return to Britain he became Superintendent of the dockyard at Chatham and was created Companion of the Bath for his services in the Crimea.


PARKER, Alexander
[Extensive and Content Rich Autograph Letter by a Montreal Merchant, Signed “Alexander,” to his Brother Sidney Parker, with the Latest News about the Cholera Epidemic in Montreal, the State of Business and Trade in the City, Recent Drought and the Beginning of the Construction of the Victoria Bridge – the First One to Span the St. Lawrence River].

Montreal, 27 August 1854. Large Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 6 pp. Brown ink on white paper. Fold marks, minor stains on the first page, otherwise a very good letter.
Interesting extensive letter from a British merchant who had recently settled in Montreal, mentioning a number of important news items from the city, e.g. the Canadian cholera epidemic of 1854 which took about 1300 lives in Montreal: “We have had a gloomy summer in Montreal in a great deal of Sickness and much depression in Trade. We have all I mean myself and family have been spared any severe sickness though all have been ill more or less – the Cholera has been very severe and violent carrying off a great number of persons in a short time. The published statement of deaths by Cholera during 5 or 7 weeks in July and August is about 1200 – probably 1600 is much nearer the time mark. It (the Cholera) has been rapidly decreasing for the last 10 days and in fact has happily very nearly disappeared from the city and the country generally.”
Parker also leaves deep and thoughtful comments on the state of trade and business in Montreal, Eastern Canada and even the United States: “Business in Montreal has been paralyzed this summer – not only by Cholera though that is the principal evil, but by the exceptive high price of the necessities of life. <…> The drought is very severe in many parts of Canada and there will be a very short crop. In Upper Canada however there is a good crop of wheat, but corn and potatoes are almost a total failure everywhere. We have had no rain of much consequence for 5 or 6 weeks, in many states the country is literally burning up. The woods on fire and fire extending to fields of grain & even to houses and barns, rail road trucks & even the passenger cars. In some parts of the townships in Northern Vermont & N. Hampshire, also in Maine the fires are doing immense damage. This taking with a certain prospect of scarcity of grain & hay is a sad if not an alarming picture. <…> The expense of living in Montreal is double what it was when we lived in Montreal before…”
“The timber trade in Quebec is good this season, but owing to the great drought & consequent lowness of water in the streams out of which the lumber is to come there is a great amount of timber which cannot be got into the market this year. We have here almost a certain prospect of reciprocity of trade with the States which eventually no doubt will benefit the country <…> We have a new parliament and are to have a new governor shortly & we hope a better government. I am expecting a cage of timber <…> this week to sell on commission and hope to get other consignments from Bytown. My intention was to do a commission business generally, but more particularly in the timber line”.
Parker also describes the early stage of the construction of the first bridge across the St. Lawrence River – Victoria Bridge (built in 1854-1859): “The trade in Montreal is dull enough without much prospect of mending as times are too hard and labour too high. Were it not for the Bridge now building over the St. Lawrence at this place and the Rail Road in course of construction in this vicinity, the place would be dull enough. The capital for the bridge and rail road being for the most part obtained in England the country is benefitting for the undertaking. This Bridge is to be a stupendous and magnificent work. You have an idea of the width of the River just above the town, well imagine an iron tube large enough to admit of a double railway track as well as a common track, built upon immense and massive piles of solid stone masonry, reaching 70 or 80 feet above the surface of the River, elevated and placed upon the top of these piles of masonry of the most possible solidity & durability, extending from shore to shore of the mighty St. Lawrence; and you can have some idea of the magnitude & perhaps cost of the undertaking”.
Overall a very interesting and important letter.


[Collection of Four Related Autograph Letters Signed by John Franklin, Frederick William Beechey, John Richardson and John D. Hunter, Apparently Addressed to Nicholas Garry, Deputy Governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company).

Four ALS, all dated by days of the week but without a year, but 1824. Three Small Octavos (ca. 18x11,5 cm), and one small note ca. 9,5x11 cm. Each 1 page, brown ink on paper. One with a pencil written list of names on verso. All with old identical guards on verso, indicating that the letters were mounted together in an album. Very good letters.
An interesting collection of original letters by noted Arctic explorers, apparently all related to meetings to make preparations for the 1824-25 voyages to find the Northwest Passage. Three letters were written by the members of two corresponding expeditions to the region: John Franklin and John Richardson, who explored the shores of the Arctic Ocean west and east of the Coppermine River in 1825-1827, and Frederick William Beechey, who explored the Bering Strait from the west in 1825-1828, in an attempt to meet Franklin’s expedition. In his letter Franklin also mentions George Francis Lyon who was to sail on HMS Griper to the Repulse Bay in June 1824. The author of the fourth letter, John D. Hunter, also mentioned in Franklin’s letter as a participant of one of the meetings, was apparently an organiser or a member of one of those expeditions. Dated by days of the week, the letters refer to several meetings in March 1824. John Richardson’s letter was written at “55 Devonshire Street,” which was John Franklin’s London address.
Beechey’s and Hunter’s letters are addressed to “Mr. Garry,” most likely Nicholas Garry (ca. 1782-1856), deputy governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1822-1835. Fort Garry (now Winnipeg) was founded and named after him in 1822. Several places in the Northwest Passage were named after him during the expedition season of 1825-27. John Franklin gave his name to the Garry Island in the delta of the Mackenzie River “for all his active kindness and indefatigable attention to the comfort of myself and my companions” (Franklin, J. Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea, 1825, 1826, and 1827. London, 1828, p. 36). William Parry named Cape Garry in the Somerset Island, Prince Regent Inlet “after by worthy friend Nicholas Garry, Esq., one of the most active members of the Hudson’s Bay Company, and a gentleman most warmly interested in everything connected with northern discovery” (Parry, W. Journal of a Third Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific; Performed in the Years 1824-25 in His Majesty's Ships Hecla and Fury. London, 1826, p. 140).
In his letter to Mr. Garry, John D. Hunter also mentions “Mr. Halkett”, who was most likely, John Halkett (1768-1852), director of the HBC and a member of its London Committee.
The texts of the letters:
Franklin: “My dear Sir, I shall have great pleasure in joining your party on Thursday the 25th but you must let me off early as I am engaged to an Evening party. I was just going to write to you when your note came, to say Mrs. Franklin and I will be glad to have the pleasure of your company at dinner on Tuesday 30th March at six. I hope Mr. Hunter will be with us also. I will send your letter to Capt. Lyon and I shall probably take the opportunity of seeing Parry tomorrow. Ever sincerely & faithfully yours, John Franklin. Tuesday Eveng.”
Richardson: “Dear Sir, I shall with much pleasure dine with you on Wednesday next at 7. I am dear Sir yours sincerely, John Richardson. Saturday, 55 Devonshire Street.”
Beechey: “Captain Beechey presents his compliments to Mr. Garry and will have the pleasure of accepting his polite invitation for the 6th inst. Harley Street, March 21st.”
Hunter: “I sincerely thank you my dear Mr. Garry for the book you were kind enough to send me, but my engagements will I fear render it out of my power to read it through. I will dine with you on Tuesday if I return from Brighton in time. I shall start at 11 this morning, & contemplate to return on Monday evening, I am much pleased to hear that among other friends Mr. Halkett will be one. Believe me very sincerely yours &c. John D. Hunter. Saturday morning.”


41. [PERSIA]
RICH, Edmund Tillotson, Colonel, C.I.E., R.E. (1874-1937)
[Historically Important Archive, Compiled by E. Rich and Containing Confidential Printed Reports, Eighteen Maps and Plans, as Well as Original Documents Related to the Survey of Potential Routes for a Motor Road between Bandar Abbas and Kerman in Southern Persia; the Survey was Carried out by Rich as a Part of the Persian Campaign during the First World War; the title on the front board reads:] Report and Estimates of Cost of Motor Roads in South East Persia between Bandar Abbas and Kerman by Major Rich, R.E., 1917. General Staff, India. Vol. I.

Simla-Delhi, 1917-1918. Folio. Custom made hardcover binding with the first publisher’s wrapper of the original report pasted to the front board. With a large folding linen backed map of Persia in the pocket at rear. Several leaves slightly age toned, but overall a very good custom made copy.
Special custom bound collection of original reports and documents on the survey of the potential motor road construction between Bandar Abbas and Kerman in Southern Persia, carried out by E.T. Rich on the special orders of the Chief of General Staff in India. As a part of military operations of the WW1 Bandar Abbas was occupied by British forces under command of Sir Percy Sykes in March 1916, and the survey was apparently undertaken in order to establish additional supply routes to the war’s Persian front. Rich was ordered “to report as soon as possible on the best route for a road to take motor lorry traffic from Bandar Abbas to Kerman and to frame estimates from the same and proposals as to the best way of carrying out the work.” The survey was done in December 1916-June 1917, and a year later Rich was promoted a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (C.I.E.) for his work. Nevertheless, the road hasn’t been constructed, probably because of the cardinal changes on the Persian front after the collapse of the Russian front line as a result of the revolution in February 1917.
The volume contains: confidential reports by Rich; printed “Working notes” on the survey; maps and plans of Bandar Abbas, Kerman, and the area in between; telegrams sent to him from the Chief of General Staff (Delhi & Simla), Surveyor General’s Office in Calcutta, British Consul in Bandar Abbas; tables with distances and estimates of construction, printed views of the area et al.
The volume consists of three main parts:
1) Confidential. Survey by Major E.T. Rich, R.E., of routes between Bandar-Abbas and Kerman. General Staff, India. Simla: Government Branch Press, 1917. 9, 13, [1], 7, 16 = 46 pp. With six maps and plans (two folding), a proof plate with two photo views, and thirteen leaves of original manuscript, typewritten and printed telegrams related to the report. Both original publisher’s wrappers bound in.
2) Confidential. Report by Major E.T. Rich, R.E., on the Construction of Motor Roads in South Persia between Bandar Abbas and Kerman. 1917. General Staff, India. Vol. I. Delhi: Superintendent Government Printing, India, 1918. [2], iv, 38 pp. With 12 leaves of plates (including one proof plate), and eight maps and plans (three folding). Occasional red ink notes by Rich in text and on the maps/plans; both original publisher’s wrappers bound in.
3) Confidential. Report by Major E.T. Rich, R.E., on the Construction of Motor Roads in South Persia between Bandar Abbas and Kerman. 1917. General Staff, India. Vol. II. Delhi: Superintendent Government Printing, India, 1918. Pp. 39-54. With three folding maps. Occasional red ink notes by Rich in text and on the maps/plans; both original publisher’s wrappers bound in.

The collection is supplemented with Rich’s copy of a typewritten dispatch from the British Vice-Consul in Bandar Abbas to the Chief of Roodbar (South Persia) Zarghan-us-Saltaneh, dated “Bandar Abbas, 2nd December 1916”. In the dispatch the consul asks for the assistance to Rich who is going to visit the area under the chief’s control during the course of his road survey. The copy is signed by the consul and has his manuscript note “Original sent by special messenger direct to Zarghan-us-Saltaneh.”
There are also two autograph signed letters by Rich, addressed to his aunt in London and written while on field service in Southern Persia. The letters are dated 10th and 25th of December 1916, housed in the original envelope with a postal stamp of “Bandar Abbas,” and contain some interesting notes about Rich’s work and his observations on the native life. [Near Kerman:] “It is Xmas evening & as I have no one to talk to, the nearest white man being over 100 miles away, I am writing instead. Being high up over 5000 feet in the mountains, it is bitterly cold & proper Xmas weather, but personally I’d prefer it a bit warmer as I can’t keep warm no how at night which means continuously waking up. <…> The food of the villagers about here is most strange, being dates & bread about 2 lbs of each per diem & nothing else. They feed the horses & cows on dates & even the dogs. I eat them once a day for lunch which consists of porridge, bread & cheese & dates. I often envy the meals my servants get at home when I am out on these expeditions.”
Edmund Tillotson Rich was a British military engineer and surveyor, Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. He graduated from Sandhurst with the Pollock Medal and was gazetted as 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers. In 1895 he went out to India and was posted to railway survey work in Burma. In 1905-1909 Rich worked as survey officer on the Indian North-West Frontier, and took part in the Bazar Valley and Mohmand Campaigns of 1908 (as a divisional and a chief survey officer respectively). During the latter he was slightly wounded and for his services was promoted brevet-major. In 1911 Rich was appointed the head of the survey office on the Burma frontier post at Myitkyina, where he carried out the survey of the border with Tibet and Yunnan. In 1916-1917 he was in charge of the survey party looking for the alternative routes between Bandar Abbas and Kerman in South Persia; in 1918 – in charge of the North West Persia Survey Detachment which accompanied British intervention in the Caspian under command of General Dunsterville. Rich carried out important surveys in Baku, Batum and Tiflis.
After the WW1 Rich returned to Burma where he became the head of the Burma Circle of the Survey of India. In 1920-22 while surveying the unadministered territory between Burma and Assam he encountered slavery and human sacrifices still practiced there; in 1925 he took part in the Sir Harcourt Butler’s Mission to the Hukawng Valley to suppress slavery. Rich retired with the rank of Colonel and C.I.E. In 1929.
“Colonel Rich was a great linguist, and besides his knowledge of Urdu, Pushtu, and Persian, he was able to converse in Yunnanese and several dialects of Burma – Kachin, Maru, and Lisaw. <…> He was a keen explorer throughout his career and did much to encourage a spirit of adventure in younger officers who served under him” (Obituary/ The Geographical Journal, Vol. 91, No. 1. Jan. 1938, p. 96).


PEREYRA, Antonio Pinto (d. 1587)
Historia da India no Tempo em que a Gouernovo Viso Rey Dom Luis de Ataide [History of India During the Government of Viceroy Don Luis de Ataide].

Coimbra: Nicolau Carvalho, 1616. First Edition. Small Folio. [24], 151, [8] pp.; [6], [2 - blank] pp., 162 leaves, [12] pp. Title within ornamental border and with a large woodcut armorial (printer's?) device; tail-pieces and decorative initials. Very handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep with minor repairs on the spine. A very good copy.
Very Rare first edition of this early history of the Portuguese in India, with only three copies found in Worldcat (Yale University, the University of Leiden and the British Library). "Mui raro" (Salva y Mallen, P. Catalogo de la Biblioteca de Salva. Valencia, 1872. Vol. II, p. 621).
The book consists of two parts, each with an extensive index of names. The work describes the history of the Portuguese viceroyalty in India during the time of the rule of Don Luís de Ataíde, Count of Atouguia (1517-1581), the 10th Vice-Roy of India in 1568-1571, and 1578-1580. It was the time of the height of Portuguese naval power and of the prosperity of its East-Indian Viceroyalty, especially of Goa which became the capital of the Viceroyalty in 1610. "In 1542, St. Francis Xavier mentions the architectural splendour of the city; but it reached the climax of its prosperity between 1575 and 1625. Travellers marvelled at Goa Dourada, or Golden Goa, and there was a Portuguese proverb, "He who has seen Goa need not see Lisbon." <..,> Until the 18th Century, the Portuguese governor in Goa had authority over all Portuguese possessions in the Indian Ocean, from southern Africa to southeast Asia" (Wikipedia).
"Antonio Pinto Pereira, a native of the village of Mogadour, well-versed in the science of Political History, left a work published some years after his death which occurred in 1587" (Pope, E. M. India in Portuguese Literature. 1937. p. 147)


43. [QUR'AN (KORAN)]
[Arabic Qur'an of 303 Leaves plus One Initial Flyleaf on Fine Burnished Paper].

Amasya, Turkey, 1739. Small Octavo (17x12 cm). 15 lines to the page, written in naskh script in black ink, verses separated by gold roundels pointed in blue and red, surah headings in red ink framed in gold borders decorated with floral motifs in gold, blue and red; margins ruled in red, black, and gold frames and frequently illuminated with blue, red and gold marginal floral or other devices and red or black catchwords; opening illuminated double-page frontispiece composed of layers of blue, gold and red interlacing flowers surrounding 3-part title block lettered in black with floating gold clouds, upper and lower gold, red and green rectangles of white lettering on gold. Colophon in round cartouche of gold. Original reddish brown richly gilt decorated full morocco wallet style binding. Rebacked and cornered in later morocco preserving original covers. Overall in very good condition.
The colophon leaf identifies the illuminator as Khalil bin Sulaiman al-Akhanahwi, the scribe as 'Uthman al-Said al-Haj Muhammad H[i]lmi in the village (baldah) of Amasya (Turkey), and that the Qur'an was owned by his teacher al-Said Hassan ibn al-Said Muhammad ibn [al-]Halil, 1152 AH/1739 AD. Overall a very attractive Qur'an.


[RICHTHOFEN, Manfred von] (1892-1918)
[Album with 20 Original Photographs, Titled on the Front Cover:] Manfred von Richthofen (1892-1918). Photo Album.

Ca. 1916 - early 1918. Oblong Folio (ca. 24,5x32 cm), 7 card leaves. 20 mounted gelatin silver prints of various size, including two large aerial panoramas ca. 15,5x27,5 cm (6 ¼ x 10 ¾ in) or slightly smaller, and nine large photos ca. 12,5x16,5 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in), the rest of images are ca. 9x13 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¼ in) and smaller. Three images numbered in negative. Handsome recent red full morocco album with gilt tooled decorative frame (with the Iron Cross) and title on the front board, and blind stamped decorative border on the rear border; white moiré endpapers. Two panoramas consist of two parts neatly stuck together, several images with minor silvering, but overall a near fine album.
Rare collection of original photographs dedicated to the German Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) during World War I, including some of the last portraits of Manfred von Richthofen. The album opens with two views of Heidelberg and six aerial views of an airfield and a hangar constructed near a West European city, apparently one of the German airbases at the time, in Belgium or France. The photos include two large two-part panoramas and show the aircraft hangar, a small plane on the landing strip, surrounding infrastructure (service buildings, a railway leading to the hangar), and a small European city within medieval star like defensive walls. A series of six photos portray an inspection of a German air force base by the German High Command headed by Paul von Hindenburg, Germany’s Chief of General Staff since 1916. There is also a picture of the German mechanics servicing a biplane fighter which is decorated with the iron crosses painted on the tail and wings (late insignia with a simple rectangular cross which was used in March/April – November 1918).
The album closes with three important photograph portraits of several of Germany’s top pilots gathered for the flying contest at the Adlershof aviation testing center outside Berlin in mid-January 1918. The photos depict exactly the same moment as the “Richthofen Film” (part 2) made by A.F.G. Fokker in 1918 (see the original video at Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive online,; copyright by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum). The first photo shows famous German ace Manfred von Richthofen or “Red Baron” (1892-1918; the top ace of the war, credited with 80 air combat victories) talking to Hans Klein (1891-1944), a German fighter ace credited with 22 aerial victories, awarded with the Iron Cross and the Pour le Merite order, or “Blue Max” in October 1917. The second photo portrays Adolf von Tutscheck (1891-1918), Commander of Jagdgeschwader 2 since February 1918, awarded with the Blue Max in August 1917. On the photo he is shown in a flight hat and wearing his Blue Max.
The third photo is a group portrait of six of German fighter pilots (from left to right): Lt. Erich Löwenhardt (1897-1918; the third highest German flying ace with 54 victories, awarded with the Blue Max in May 1918); Oberlt. Bruno Loerzer (1891-1960; commander of Jasta 26, later of Jasta III, the third of the German famous “flying circuses,” awarded with the Blue Max in February 1918); Manfred von Richthofen, Lt. Kurt Schwarzenberger (chief test pilot for the experimental fighter division of Idflieg); Hans Klein; Albert Mühlig-Hofmann (1886-1980, commander of the Field Equipment Service of Idflieg). Note that Hans Klein is shown wearing his Blue Max and still possesses his right index finger (shot off in combat on 19 February 1918). These portraits are one of the last depictions of Adolf von Tutscheck (killed in action on March 15, 1918), Manfred von Richthofen (killed in action on April 21, 1918), and Erich Löwenhardt (killed in action on August 10, 1918).
Overall a very interesting historically significant photograph collection.


[OGDEN, Richard Livingston] (1822-1900)
[Private Diary Describing Sailings of the Yachts Restless and Peerless in San Francisco Bay]: A concise and condensed history of the goings & comings & voyages of the Sloop Yacht "Restless" by a reliable not contraband but highly respectable gentleman, slightly tinctured with a fondness for salt water, a piscatorial weakness and the pursuit of ducks under difficulties...

[San Francisco], ca. 1860-1870s. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 25 pp. of text and fifty blank leaves. Brown and blue ink on laid paper, with several newspaper clippings and an ink drawing of the yacht “Restless” mounted on the leaves. Original violet full sheep notebook with raised bands and blind stamped decorative borders on the boards. Binding rubbed on extremities, hinges cracked, foot of spine chipped, but overall a very good internally clean manuscript.
Fascinating private account of the sailings of the yachts Restless and Peerless, both belonging to San Francisco industrialist and keen yachtsman Richard Livingston Ogden. Ogden came to California in 1852 as a major of the US army and subsequently established the firm of Ogden and Hayes; he was one of the founders of the Kimball Carriage and Car Manufacturing Company in the 1860s, the first president of the reorganized San Francisco Yacht Club (1874-1878) and one of the founders of the Jekyll Island Club, Georgia, in 1886.
The manuscript starts with a detailed description of the yacht Restless: "31 feet long, 16 feet beam, 3½ deep centre board, 10 feet long 12 feet wide 5 feet high, finished a la raeveaux gilt mouldings, stained glass windows, velvet cushions forming very comfortable sleeping accommodations..." Various voyages are described, such as "The first voyages of the Restless were to Sausalito on pic-nics, fishing trips, to Angel Island on clambakes, to Alcatraz on Offish-al business, to Benicia, to Martinez, and on the 3rd of July [1863] to Sacramento in 18 hours against the tide & with calm weather to contend with beating 14 schooners & sloops... On the opening of the Ducking season she was put in shooting trim and some half dozen successful voyages with glorious results..." Later on, as years passed, "The Restless was sold on the departure of the owner for the East for $1000 to a gentleman of the Lager Bier line of business who put her into service as a Ferry Boat between 3rd St. Wharf and the Potrero..."
The second half of the journal is a record of the little schooner "Peerless," another of Ogden’s yachts, launched in 1869. “Length on water line 53, length on deck, beam 17 feet, depth 5 ½. Schooner rigged, built of <…> Eastern oak, bent timber (frames), cedar & Oregon, galvanized fastenings, cabin Oregon maple & cedar, all built in best manner.” The manuscript describes Peerless’ sailings to Belmont, Martinez and Antioch. The first free endpaper bears an amateur ink sketch of the yacht Restless resting on shore and a man shooting a duck from a log nearby.
Commodore Richard L. Ogden, was “the oldest and best known yachtsman of San Francisco Bay <…>. He was in the fifties the owner of the then famous sloop Restless, the first pleasure yacht seen on these waters. It was brought from New York on a ship's deck. In 1868 he built the large schooner-yacht Peerless, one of the handsomest yachts ever built here and one that took part in the first regular regatta ever sailed on this coast. She was sold by him to the King of Samoa and became the "Samoan Navy." When the San Francisco Yacht Club was reorganized in 1875 he was elected commodore, an office he held for several years. About that time Commodore Ogden also built the fine steam yacht Quickstep and the steam launch Hi-Yah.” (San Francisco Call, October 7, 1900, 23:4)


RAFFENEL, Anne (1809-1858)
Voyage dans l'Afrique occidentale comprenant l'exploration du Senegal, depuis Saint-Louis jusqu'a la Faleme, au-dela de Bakel; de la Faleme, depuis son embouchure jusqu'a Sansandig; des mines d'or de Kenieba, dans le Bambouk; des pays de Galam, Bondou et Woolli; et de la Gambie, depuis Baracounda jusqu'a l'Ocean; execute, en 1843 et 1844, par une commission composee de MM. Huard-Bessinieres, Jamin, Raffenel, Peyre-Ferry et Pottin-Patterson. [Travels in West Africa Including the Exploration of Senegal ..,].

Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1846. First Edition. Small Quarto Text & Folio Atlas. vii, 512 pp. With two lithographed folding maps and twenty-two hand coloured illustrations on eleven lithographed plates. Text in period brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. Atlas in period-style green gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. One map with expertly repaired tears, text with some very minor foxing and rubbed on extremities but overall still a very good set.
Text with the bookplate of John Ralph Willis. "In 1843-4 the marine officer Anne Raffenel explored Bambouk, and in 1846-48 made his way into Kaarta. Raffenel. Born at Versailles, had joined the navy in 1826 and for the next sixteen years voyaged to different parts of the world. He was appointed governor of Madagascar in 1855 and died there in June 1858"(Howgego 1800-1850, W23); "Explorations made in 1843 on the upper [Faleme] river by Raffenel carried him to Bambouk and the gold-bearing regions of the Faleme; he then traveled into Kaarta, the country of the Bambara, where he was held prisoner for eight months, but the ministry quietly avoided acting on the proposal to stop native razzias on the posts by direct annexation" (Priestley, France Overseas, 52); Gay, 2915.


GUNDRY, Richard Simpson, C.B. (1838-1924)
[Private Archive of R.S. Gundry, a Well-Known British Journalist in China and a Founder of the China Association, including His Manuscript Journal Kept while in Shanghai during the Taiping Rebellion, Large Album with over 200 Clippings of Gundry’s Articles on China and Japan, published in “The Times” in 1863-1878; 13 Books and Brochures on China from Gundry’s Library; Two Original Photos of China by H.C. Cammidge; an Issue of “The Times” with the Announcement of Gundry’s election as the President of the China Association, and Several Private Notebooks and Letters from Gundry’s Archive].

Gundry was The Times correspondent in China and editor of the North China Herald, in Shanghai from 1865 to 1878. On his return to England he became a founder, with Sir Alfred Dent, of the China Association, and became its Honorary Secretary (1900-01) and President (1905-07). Gundry authored two books: China and Her Neighbours (1893) and China Present and Past (1895). Additionally, Gundry was awarded the C.B. In 1904.
The collection includes:
1) [Manuscript Journal Kept in Shanghai during the Taiping Rebellion, also with the Description of a Voyage to Nagasaki, Titled in Manuscript:] Vol. 2 of Journal. From 1st February 1863 to 30th October 1864. Shanghai, 1863. Small Octavo (19,5x12 cm). 131 pp. of manuscript in brown ink, including three newspaper clippings on 20 pp. Original notebook in cherry full sheep binding, with marbled endpapers and coloured edges.
The journal dates to the last phase of the Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864), when British and Imperial China troops had advanced in the countryside west of Shanghai, with noted Charles Gordon in command of the “Ever Victorious Army.” A sub-editor of the “North China Herald” at the time, Gundry vividly describes his trip to a nearby city of Quinsan, “which Gordon had retaken from the rebels a week or two previously,” gives an overview of the situation at the front before the capture of Suzhou and follows with an extensive account of his visit to the captured city. “News of the surrender of Soochow reached Shanghai on the 7th, though the rumour was very confused. It was said that Gordon had only succeeded in getting possession of a portion of the city, while the rebels were vigorously defending the remainder. Partly in order to ascertain the true state of affairs, partly in order to see a place of so much note, I gladly accepted an offer from Drucker to accompany him a steamer he had chartered, and in which he was going direct to Soochow.” There is also an account of Gundry’s excursions in September 1864 to the nearby towns of Nanxiang – “formally a town of villa residences of wealthy Chinese, but now a pile of ruins,” and to Tsingpoo – “a city which was twice taken and retaken during the rebel occupation of Kiangsu <…> Formerly it evidently contained good houses, more so than many other towns of greater note which I have visited. The walls which alone stand are of greater [?], and the courtyards paved with slabs of granite <…>, ornamental columns and bronzes are still to be seen, which can only have belonged to a superior class of houses.”
An extensive entry in the middle of the journal narrates about Gundry’s trip to Nagasaki in June 1864 on HMS “Swallow,” which started with a voyage to the Rugged Islands (Hangzhou Bay, China), “which Sir Henry parker had requested Wilds [the commander of the Swallow] to survey, with a view to the establishment of a sanitarium [?] there if they were eligible.” There are also interesting description of the fire at Miller’s Hotel in Shanghai where Gundry stayed in early 1863, newspaper clipping of Gundry’s article about the typhoon of July 1864, printed in the “North China Herald,” manuscript description of Nagasaki, and others. A very interesting journal written in quite legible hand.

2) [Large Album with an Extensive Collection of Mounted and Loose Clippings from “The Times” and other newspapers, with articles about China and Japan, the vast majority authored by Gundry, September 1863-1878].
Extensive collection of over 200 articles written by Gundry as “The Times” special correspondent in China, starting with his early essays dated 1863 and embracing the next 15 years. The album also contains a letter to Gundry from an editor of “The Times” regarding the publication of one of his articles, dated 18 Jan. 1877. Two clippings dated 1868 and mounted at rear inform that R.S. Gundry won “the Challenge Cup” in one mile race and a Prize Cup of the merchants of Shanghai in Steeple Chase on April 24th. In the latter “he cleared a 17 feet water jump at the last in splendid style – the other competitors all plumbing into it” [In reading the account of these sports it is gratifying to find that even a long residence in an Eastern climate neither damps the ardour, nor exhausts the physical energies of our British Athletes]”. The album was most likely compiled by his mother Mary Gundry and additionally houses a number of newspaper clippings from different English magazines and newspapers of the 1860-1870s on different topics.

3) [13 books on China from Gundry’s library]:
WILLIAMS, Wells, Sir. The Middle Kingdom: A Survey of the Geography, Government, Education, Social Life, Arts, Religion, &c., of the Chinese Empire and its Inhabitants: 2 vols. New York & London: Wiley and Putnam, 1848. First edition. Small Octavo. Xxii, 590; [2], viii, 614 pp. With two portrait frontispieces, two wood-engraved title pages, and a folding engraved map of China loosely inserted. Two original publisher’s quarter sheep with gilt lettered titles on the spines and illustrative paper covered boards. Occasional pencil notes in text. Bindings slightly rubbed and soiled, paper age toned, but overall a very good copy.

The Natural History of the Chinese Boy and the Chinese Girl: A Study in Sociology. By the Author of “Chinese Characteristics.” Shanghai: “North China Herald” Office, 1890. Octavo. 27 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers, with mild creases.

VAUGHAN, H.B., Liet.-Col. St. George and the Chinese Dragon: An Account of the Relief of the Pekin Legations by an Officer of the British Contingent. London: C. Arthur Pearson Ltd., 1902. First edition. 12mo. 206 pp. Portrait frontispiece (loosely inserted), plates, illustrations in text. Occasional period pencil marginalia in text. Overall a very good copy.

[Larkin Gallery, London]. A few examples of Oriental Art, Illustrated in Colour selected from the Larkin Gallery, 104, New Bond Street, W., Consisting of Blue and White Famille Verte, Famille Rose, and Monochrome Porcelains, Pottery, Bronzes, Cloisonné, Hardstones, Rugs, etc. [London]: The Norman Davy Printing Co., ca. 1910s. Small Octavo. [14] pp., 10 plates. Original publisher’s wrappers. A fine copy.

The School of Oriental Studies: A New Pillar of Empire & Commerce: [Prospect]. Ca. 1914. 12mo. 18, [2] pp. Original publisher’s wrappers. A very good copy.

8 offprints published by the “China Society,” “Japan Society” or “Asiatic Review,” 1916-1919:
BINYON, L. The Art of Asia. A Paper Read at a Joint Meeting of the China Society and the Japan Society, held at Caxton Hall, on Wednesday, November 24, 1915/ The China Society. Extract from the Transactions of the Japan Society. London: The Eastern Press Ltd., [1915]. Octavo. 23 pp. 6 leaves of plates. Original publisher’s wrappers.
CHENG, S.G. The Chinese as a Warrior in the Light of History. A Paper read before the China Society on January 27, 1916. London: East & West Ltd., [1916]. Octavo. 15 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers.
SHINJI ISHII, F.R.A.I. The Island of Formosa and Its Primitive Inhabitants: A Paper Read at a Joint Meeting of the China Society and the Japan Society, held at Caxton Hall, on Thursday, February 24, 1916/ The China Society. Extract from the Transactions of the Japan Society. London: The Eastern Press Ltd., 1916. Octavo. 24 pp. 18 leaves of plates and maps. Original publisher’s wrappers.
CARLES, W.R., C.M.G. Some Pages in the History of Shanghai, 1842-1856. A Paper read before the China Society on May 23, 1916. London: East & West Ltd., [1916]. Octavo. 20 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers.
CURRIE MARTIN, G., M.A., B.D. China in English Literature. A Paper read before the China Society at Caxton Hall, Westminster, on December 4, 1916. London: East & West Ltd., [1916]. Octavo. 27 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers.
GILES, L., M.A., D. Litt. Chi’iu Chin: A Chinese Heroine. A Paper read before the China Society at Caxton Hall, Westminster, on March 29, 1917. London: East & West Ltd., 1917. Octavo. 22 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers. With a printed balance sheet of the China Society for 1916-1917 loosely inserted.
WILLOUGHBY-MEADE, G. The Grotesque in Chinese Art. Reprinted from the “Asiatic Review,” April 1918. 24 pp. No binding. Two last leaves with tears at the bottom margins, affecting two lower lines of text. Overall a good copy.
WALEY, A. The Poet Li Po A.D. 701-762. A Paper read before the China Society at the School of Oriental Studies, on November 21, 1918. London: East & West Ltd., 1919. Octavo. 29 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers.

4) [Two albumen prints by H.C. Cammidge, Titled in Negative:] Paou-tai Bridge of 53 arches. 5 miles S. Of Soochow, No. 58; Woo-leang Temple, without beams or rafters. Soochow. No. 40.
Ca. 1870s. Two albumen prints mounted on original cards, each image ca. 21x25,5 cm. Each titled, numbered and signed “H.C. Cammidge, Shanghai” in negative.
First image depicts the Precious Belt Bridge (Baodai Bridge) at the intersection of the Grand Canal and Dantai Lake south-east of Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. The second image shows a temple near Suzhou, of a wuliang or beamless construction.

5) An issue of “The Times”, London, March 16, 1905, with the announcement of Gundry’s election as the President of the China Association.

A small group of private items from Gundry’s archive includes a letter to him from his cousin Emily Simpson, with the envelope (Lebanon, 21 March 1898. 9 pp.) about family matters; three notebooks with Gundry’s school studies, his small manuscript account book kept in the 1860-1870s, a scrapbook with written poems and numerous book and magazine clippings pasted in, and others.


[Attractive Lacquered Album with 112 Original Photographs of Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Hawaii Taken During an Around the World Trip Titled]: Around the World, 1900.

1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 32,5x41 cm). With112 gelatin silver prints of various size mounted on 21 stiff card leaves, including 10 large images, ca. 25,5x29 cm (ca. 10 x 11 ½ in), and three large colour photos, ca. 20x26 cm (ca. 8x10 ¼ in). Manuscript ink captions on the mounts. Original lacquered Japanese album with leather spine, marbled paper endpapers, all edges gilt. Rebacked in style, boards slightly rubbed and neatly repaired on the corners, minor foxing of the endpapers, otherwise a very good album.
The album includes photos taken by a British traveller during a trip around the world, dated 20 March – 31 August 1900. The author left London in the beginning of March on the P.& O. Steamer Arcadia and proceeded to Port Said and Colombo, where he changed to the R.M.S. Chusan for Hong Kong. After calling at Penang and Singapore he arrived to Hong Kong, and visited Canton and Macao. Then he proceeded to Japan, arriving to Kobe on 4 May and travelling around the country until the end of June. On 20 June he left on S.S. “Futami Maru”, calling at Manila, Samoa, and Hawaii. One of the last photos dated 31 August 1900 shows the Niagara Falls.
The images of Japan comprise the majority of the album (63) and include views of Yokohama harbour, Tokyo (Kameido shrine, private house owned by certain Englishman Milne et al.), Kiga, a series of images of the Nikko shrines with the “celebrated Red Lacquer Bridge”, Eaimitsu temple, Karamon gate, bronze Torii, “Avenue of criptomenia trees”, botanical garden et al. Interesting in the image of the “fish flags” waving in Nikko during the Tango no Sekku or the Boys Holiday – “the idea is that as the fish swims against the stream, so may the boy ‘swim’ through life”. The author also took a series of photos of a temple procession in Nikko, with a picture of “3 gold shrines, 75 men to carry each. These are not allowed to be photographed”. Other images shows street musicians, small tea houses and hotels, Kyoto geishas, Nagoya Castle, Nara City et al. Three colour photos show Lake Hakone and Mount Fuji. The album opens with a self portrait of the compiler shown mounted on a horse, with his guide Hirakata, at the Otome Toge pass where “one gets a magnificent view of Fujiyama”.
A series of interesting photos of China include view of the Hong Kong harbour with the building of the Club, “the Queen’s road” and monument to the Queen Victoria in Hong Kong, view of Macao taken from the hotel ‘Boa Vista’, several dreadful images of execution of pirates in Canton, native boats crowded on the Canton river, a portrait of the travelling party at the palace of “Li Hung Chang” (Li Hongzhang, 1823-1901, a noted Chinese politician) et al. The beginning of the album numbers 14 views of Port Said, Colombo, Penang and Singapore, with street views, native boats with painted eyes in the bows, diving boys, and islands near Singapore which “we were passing nearly all day & each one seemed more beautiful that the last”. In the end of the album there are over a dozen photos of Manila, Samoa and Hawaii with large views of Honolulu, scenes of “Cricket at Apia”, portraits of natives, Hawaiian dancers et al.


TEMPLER, Charles Bertram, Major (1860-1931)
[Collection of Six Original Watercolours of South Africa, with two Watercolour Views taken at the Coast of Normandy, France].

Ca. 1923. Oblong Folio (27,5x37,5 cm). 4 card leaves. Eight watercolours mounted on recto and verso of the card album leaves, each ca. 17,5x25 cm (7x10 in). All watercolours captioned in ink on lower margins of the album leaves, signed “CBT” and dated in the lower left or right corners of the drawings. Period style black half sheep with brown cloth boards. Card mounts slightly age toned, otherwise a very good album.
An album of interesting watercolours of South Africa created by Major C.B. Templer of the Indian Army, 19th Regiment of Bengal Lancers (Fane’s Horse). He served in India in 1880-1893 and took part in the second Mirazai Expedition of 1891. During his service with the 19th Lancers Templer participated in the horse races and was the first holder of the Indian Grand National Trophy (Some reminiscences of Indian Sport// The Field, The Country Gentleman's Newspaper, Christmas 1922, p. 5). After the end of his career Templer lived in Execliff (Exmouth), actively travelled around Europe and also visited South Africa.
The watercolours, dated December 1922-March 1923 include two views of Cape Town’s Sea Point area showing the Lion’s Head Mountain, Camps Bay and Twelve Apostles mountain range. Three watercolours taken near George (Western Cape Province) show the George Peak (Outeniqua Mountains), historic Montagu Pass and a pine plantation in the town’s vicinity. There is also a humorous portrait of a rickshaw in Johannesburg with the commentary: “A Conveyance much used by the Dutch in Jo'burg, something after the style of the Indian Jin-Rickoshaw! The men with them wear fantastic costumes!!!” The album additionally contains two later watercolours (dated July 1923) depicting an island commune of Mont Saint Michel in Normandy and a coastal view, apparently also in France. Overall a very good album with unusual views of South Africa.


[Attractive Private Scrapbook of a British Lady, Containing a Cut Silhouette of Sir William Hoste, a Great Frigate Captain of the Napoleonic Wars, Eleven Pasted-in Watercolours from a European Tour, a copy (?) of a pencil sketch by Edward Lear, a Pencil Portrait Probably of the Artist, and Fifteen Pencil or Watercolour Sketches Apparently made on a South American Trip.]

Ca. 1820-1840s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 12x19 cm). Over sixty leaves of multicolored paper. With a cut silhouette, eleven pasted-in watercolours from ca. 10,5x15,5 cm (4x6 in) to ca. 6x9 cm (2 ¾ x 3 3/8 in), all but two signed “E.S.B.” in the lower corners. With seventeen watercolour and pencil drawings on the album leaves, one signed in pencil “Edw. Lear del, 29 May 1841.” Original green full calf, with gilt tooled ornamental borders on the boards and spine, all edges gilt. Spine with a long crack on the upper hinge, the front board partially detached, binding slightly rubbed on the edges, but overall a very good internally clean album with bright watercolours.
This attractive private scrapbook, compiled by a British lady in the 1820-1840s, starts with an expertly executed silhouette of Sir William Hoste (1780-1828), a protégé of Admiral Nelson and one of the great frigate captains of the Napoleonic Wars. The owner of the album also included eleven beautiful watercolour views of Europe, most likely of France, Italy and Greece. Two of them, captioned in ink, are copies of the contemporary steel engravings “The plains of Waterloo” (by R. Brandard, after a drawing by Th. Cooper, 1834), and “The Temple of Jupiter Olympus at Athens. Greece” (by E. Finden, after a drawing by C. Stanfield, 1832). There is also a pencil drawn Italian view signed in pencil “Edw. Lear del, 29 May 1841,” probably, a copy of a work by Lear. Another pencil drawing done in amateur manner portrays a woman, who is writing or drawing – apparently the artist and compiler of the album. The last pages are occupied with dynamic drawings showing horse riders in different positions travelling in the countryside, shepherds throwing a lasso, women riders (including a scene with a woman fallen off a horse), a scene of a bull fight, et al. This last group of drawings was most likely done during a trip to South America. The drawings throughout the whole album are interspersed with handwritten charades and anecdotes, the answers to charades and unfinished list of drawings are at rear. Overall a charming example of an early 19th century lady's scrapbook with some interesting watercolours.


51. [SPAIN]
RUJULA, Juan Félix de, Chronicler and the King of Arms (1744-1806)
[KINGDOM OF SPAIN: Beautiful Manuscript Nobility Patent, Given to the Montero Family, Written in Calligraphic Secretarial Hand, and Illustrated with a Large Watercolour of the Montero Coat of Arms and Pictorial Initials]: Don Juan Feliz de Rujula, Cronista y Rey de Armas en todos los Reynos, Dominios y Señorios de su Majestad Catolica el Señor Don Carlos Quarto (que Dios guarde) Rey de España y de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, Islas y Tierra firme del Mar Occeano etc. ect...

Madrid, 10 October 1796. Folio (ca. 31x20,5 cm). Eight unnumbered paper leaves. Calligraphic manuscript text in black, red and blue ink, within red ink decorative borders. With a full page watercolour on vellum in colour and gold (the coat of arms). With five pictorial watercolour initials and two vignettes. Signed at the end by Juan Felix de Rujula, Juan Manuel Lopez Fando and two other officials. With the official ink stamp of “Carolus IV D.G. Hispaniar Rex” within the watercolour ornamental frame on the first leaf, and with an official paper label of “Cabild. De Escribanos de el numero. Madrid” on the last leaf. Original brown full treed calf with gilt ruled ornamental borders, gilt spine and marbled endpapers. Binding slightly rubbed, last leaf with minor tears on the margin, without last free endpaper, traces of a manuscript label removed from the last pastedown, but overall a beautiful document in very good condition.
Beautiful example of an official Spanish 18th century nobility patent, the document bears the personal signature of the Spanish Chronicler and King of Arms (Cronista y Rey de Armas) “D. Juan Felix de Rujua”, as well as those of Madrid notary Juan Manuel Lopez Fando and two other officials. The patent contains the text of the certificate of arms, a concise genealogy of the Montero family and the description of the Montero coat of arms. The large superb watercolour of the coat of arms, heightened in gold, features a tree with two keys hanging on its branches, and five golden horns on red background, all within elaborate floral ornament. The text is decorated with five beautiful initials illuminated in gold and black with small coloured landscape scenes in the background.
The document mentions a number of representatives of the Montero family, but seems to concern firstly the line of Dona Francisca Ambrosia Montero, Rios y Anaya, legitimate wife of Don Diego Ximenez de Lasarte, resident of the city of Antequera; legitimate daughter of Don Pedro Josef Montero de Anaya, granddaughter of Don Luis Montero, and second granddaughter of Don Christoval Ruiz Montero.
The last name of Montero is included into the famous “Enciclopedia Heráldica Hispano-Americana” by Alberto and Arturo Caraffa (88 vol., 1919-1963). The index prepared by the Library of Congress lists the last name of Montero in vol. 58, p. 162.


[WILLOUGHBY, Avarilla]
[Eight Attractive Original Watercolours of Seventeen Spanish Costumes].

[Warwickshire?], ca. 1829-31. Folio (ca. 39,5 x 25 cm). Five leaves of Whatman paper watermarked “1821” with three large drawings directly on the leaves, and five smaller mounted drawings (ca. 15,5x15,5 cm and 12x7 cm or slightly smaller), all in pencil, ink and gouache. Period ink captions in French and English, dated 1829-31. Period style red straight-grained half morocco with gilt tooled spine and marbled boards and endpapers. A very good collection of watercolours.
Charming collection of eight colourful watercolours showing seventeen costumes of the Spanish county of Aragon, including Vallée de Gistain (de Chistau), Valle de Broto and Riviere de Broto. Details are shown in a masterly manner; the gouaches show peasants, musicians, a mountain shepherd, a water bearer, a woman with a child, and even a contrabandist from Gavarni with a gun. Apparently (from a note which was included with other items from this estate) drawn by Avarilla Willoughby after she was 46 for her affectionate daughter Cecilia.


[Collection of Twenty Seven Original Watercolour and Pencil Drawn Designs of Stained Glass Windows and Interiors of Catholic Churches in Great Britain Produced by “John Hardman & Co.”; With Four Original Photos of Stained Glass Windows and Two Pieces of Related Printed Ephemera].

Ca. 1930-1950s. 27 watercolours on paper, mostly mounted on card (five unmounted, one mounted on linen and card), including eleven large pieces from ca. 62x35 cm (24 ½ x 13 ¾ in) and ca. 53x62 cm (20 ¾ x 24 ¼ in) to ca. 48x30,5 cm (18 ¾ x 12 in) and 30x65,5 cm (12 x 25 ¾ in); and sixteen smaller pieces from ca. 33x41,5 cm (13 x 16 ½ in) to ca. 16x10,5 cm (6 ¼ x 4 in). Ten watercolours with paper seals of John Hardman & Co. attached to the right lower corners on verso (two more with the remnants of the seals). Most with period pen or ink explanatory notes, titles, inscriptions “John Hardman Studios” et al. On recto or verso; four signed by the designers (Patrick A. Feeny, Donald B. Taunton, Arthur E. Buss, W.G. Edwards). Several mounts with wear including chipping or minor losses on corners and extremities, one mounted watercolour with several deep creases, one with a hole on the mount not affecting the image, several watercolours slightly soiled, but overall a very good collection.
Beautiful collection of original watercolour designs for stained glass windows created by the “John Hardman & Co.” – famous manufacturers of stained glass windows, ecclesiastical fittings and ornaments for Catholic churches in Great Britain, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada et al. The company was founded in 1838 and began manufacturing stained glass in 1844; quickly it became the leader in the industry, widely known for numerous works in the Gothic Revival style made in collaboration with the architect Augustus Pugin (1812-1852). The most famous building which “John Hardman & Co.” made glass work for was the Houses of Parliament in London.
Our collection relates to the period of the company’s work in the 20th century, under the leadership of Donald B. Taunton (1886-1965) and Patrick A. Feeny (1910-1995). Taunton served with the company as its chief designer from 1935 to 1964. His works can be seen in Great Britain, the U.S., Canada, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia. Feeny was a “stained glass designer and a Fellow of the British Society of Master Glass Painters, and an early experimenter with what is known as 'dalles de verre' or 'slab glass'. He joined Hardman and Co. In 1928, and took the firm over in 1964” (Stained Glass in Wales online).
The collection contains eleven large designs, including a five-window composition of Christ’s Resurrection with Christ’s figure in the centre and three smaller pieces around (Christ and Mary Magdalene, the Myrrhbearers and the Angel, Christ and two disciples on the road to Emmaus); a five-window composition of Christ’s Transfiguration with the voice of God the Father coming from the sky, Moses and Elijah at Christ’s sides, apostles Peter, James and John at his feet, and eight angels surrounding the composition; a seven-window composition with Christ on the cross surrounded by the Virgin Mary, apostles and saints; a four-window composition dedicated to the Virgin Mary with the Annunciation as a central piece and eight smaller scenes from her life around; large prolonged composition with Christ on the cross, and St. John the Baptist, surrounded by saints and scenes from the Gospel; and others. Very interesting is a four-window composition with English Catholic saints and English cathedrals, featuring St. John Fisher in front of the Rochester Cathedral, St. Augustine in front of the Canterbury Cathedral; St. Columba in front of the Iona Cathedral, and St. Thomas Moore in front of the Tower of London. There are also two large designs of the churches’ interior decorations: of St. Austin’s Catholic Church in Stafford (by Patrick A. Feeny), and of St. Mary’s Convent in Handsworth.
Smaller watercolour designs of stained glass windows depict: Christ & children (a composition for the east window of the Harrogate College Chapel designed by Arthur E. Buss, M.G.P. In memory of E.W. Jones, headmistress in 1898-1935); Christ saying “I am the true vine” (design for the roof window signed by W.G. Edwards); Christ with Abraham & Ruth (design for the church in Hemingbrough, signed by Donald B. Taunton); St. Paul; St. Gertrude & St. Teresa; St. Thomas More & St. John Fisher; Bd. Christopher Buxton & Ven. Robert Ludlam; St. William of York; composition for the Sacred Heart chapel in St. Francis Xavier’s College in Liverpool; a three-part design of an ornamental lattice.
The collection is supplemented with four photos of stained glass windows and a stone panel executed by the Hardman Studios, from ca. 39x23,5 cm (15 ¼ x 9 ¼ in) to ca. 14,5x18 cm (5 ¾ x 7 in); a printed leaflet titled “Proposed Altar and Reredos to be erected in the College Church. St. Wilfried’s College, Cotton Hall, May 1900” (3 pp., published by Simkin & Son, Birmingham); and a printed view of a stained glass altar piece with a blind stamp “Hardman & Co.” on the upper margin.
Overall a beautiful collection of original watercolour designs from the archive of one of the world’s best stained glass manufacturers. “A large proportion of the Hardman archive, particularly their Medieval Room, was damaged and destroyed in a fire at the Newhall Hill studio in 1970, some of the earliest and most damaged cartoons and now held in temperature controlled storage at Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. The business was closed in 2008” (Wikipedia).


[Photo Album with Twelve Original Photographs Titled:] Album du Canal de Suez. H. Arnoux Phot. Port Said.

Port Said, ca. 1870. Oblong Folio (27x37 cm). 12 card leaves. Twelve mounted albumen photographs each ca. 21,5x27 cm (8 ½ x 11 in). Original red gilt titled pebbled cloth covers. Covers slightly bumped and faded, front hinge with cracks, book block loose, a few images very mildly faded, mount leaves slightly waved, but overall a very good collection of photographs.
The attractive images include: Port Said; a ferry with camel traders going across the canal; the canal entrance at Ismailia with a ship; ships in the canal; Kantara; Palais du Chantier; the canal entrance at Jimsah; canal dredges; Suez etc. "The Zangaki brothers were born on the island of Milos. It is not known where they learned photography but soon after their arrival in Egypt they became established photographers. The Greek brothers’ photographs are very commonly found in tourists’ albums assembled in the Middle East in the latter part of the 19th century. From their Port Said studio, they were in an ideal position to sell to those on the Grand Tour" (Jacobson, K. Odalisques & Arabesques: Orientalist Photography, 1839-1925. London, 2007, p. 277).
"The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Opened in November 1869 after 10 years of construction, it allows ships to travel between Europe and South Asia without navigating around Africa thereby reducing the sea voyage distance between Europe and India by about 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi). The northern terminus is Port Said; the southern terminus is Port Tewfik at the city of Suez. Ismailia is on its west bank, 3 km (1.9 mi) from the half-way point" (Wikipedia).


55. [TIBET]
FILCHNER, Wilhelm (1877-1957)
[A Collection of Seven Original Ink Drawings (Three initialed "C.A.") Used as Illustrations in Wilhelm Filchner's Book "Das Kloster Kumbum in Tibet. Ein Beitrag zu Seiner Geschichte (The Monastery Kumbum in Tibet. A Contribution to its History)" Berlin: Mittler & Sohn, 1906].

Ca. 1905. Seven ink drawings on thick paper ca. 27x23 cm (11x9 in) and slightly smaller. The original ink drawings are recently matted together with the corresponding printed text illustration leaves from the book. Housed in a custom made black cloth portfolio with a printed paper title page label and silk ties. One drawing with an expertly repaired corner chip, but overall the ink drawings are in very good condition.
This historically important collection of ink drawings show 1. A Tibetan Rosary (p.47); 2. Lama d Ge ss Long with yellow hat and cloak etc. (p.48); 3. A travelling lama (p.63); 4. Illustration of an Indian legend (p.85); 5. A prayer drum partially made with human skull parts (p. 103); 6. A water-powered prayer wheel (p.104); 7. Tibetan cairn with prayer flags on mountain top (p.128). The illustrations are supplemented with the matted title page and map of the monastery from the book. The preface states that the ink drawings were created by an artist under Filchner's direction based on photographs made by Filchner.
The purpose of Filchner's 1903-5 "expedition to Tibet [was] to carry out geomagnetic and topographical surveys on the high plateau. In addition to its scientific work the expedition carried out a significant intelligence-gathering role and was contemporaneous with similar missions by Francis Younghusband and others" (Howgego, 1850-1940 Polar Regions etc., F6).
"Kumbum Monastery is a Buddhist monastery in present day Qinghai, China. Kumbum was founded in 1583 in a narrow valley close to the village of Lusar in the Tibetan cultural region of Amdo. Its superior monastery is Drepung Monastery, immediately to the west of Lhasa. It was ranked in importance as second only to Lhasa" (Wikipedia).


RITCHIE, Joseph (ca. 1788-1819)
[Interesting Autograph Letter to John Whishaw, Secretary of the African Institution, Written at the Beginning of Ritchie's Ill-Fated Expedition to Africa, to Introduce Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, who was a son of the Prime Minister of the Pasha of Tripoli, and Later Would Become the Pasha’s Foreign Minister, and Additionally he was Later also Connected to the Fate of Alexander Laing].

Marseilles, 28 August 1818. Quarto (ca. 25,5x19,5 cm). 1 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Mild fold marks and light chipping of the top margin, ink slightly faded, but overall a very good legible letter.
Rare historically important letter by Joseph Ritchie, an English surgeon and African explorer, written during his ill-fated expedition to Northern Africa in 1818-1819, which tried to ascertain the course of the Niger and the location of the fabled Timbuktu. Ritchie and George Lyon followed the route of Frederick Hornemann’s expedition of 1797, crossing the Sahara via Murzuq. “The expedition was underfunded, lacked support and because of the ideas of Barrow departed from Tripoli and thus had to cross the Sahara as part of their journey. A year later, due to much officialdom they had only got as far as Murzuk, the capital of Fezzan, where they both fell ill. Ritchie never recovered and died there” (Wikipedia).
The letter, written in Marseille shortly before Ritchie's departure for Malta was addressed to John Whisham (1764-1840), the secretary of the African Institution and the biographer of Mungo Park. Ritchie introduced to him 'Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, a Tripolitan who has passed some time in this Town - & son of the present Minister of the Pacha. I am anxious in some measure to repay the Services which he has rendered me during a tedious detention here (waiting for a passage to Malta) by giving me much useful information respecting Africa; the interest which has been so kindly taken in the Attempt I am about to make, emboldens me to hope that his liberality & goodness will be well-appreciated in England'.
Hassuna D’Ghies was appointed the foreign minister of the Pasha of Tripoli in 1825. He “came from a wealthy merchant family with commercial interests in Ghadamis, Fazzan, and various European countries. Having spent seven years in London and Paris on business and diplomatic missions, he was familiar with European ways. [British consul in Tripoli] Warrington, who had most to lose from Hassuna D’Ghies insistence on conducting business with the consuls in a way which prevented their intervention in local affairs, used the death near Timbuktu in 1826 of the English explorer Major Laing as an occasion to force the pasha to dismiss his foreign minister. <…> Warrington claimed, without any substantial evidence, that Laing’s assassination had been plotted by the Pasha and D’Ghies, that the latter had given Laing’s papers to the French consul in return for a forty per cent reduction of a debt which he owed him and that Caillie had never set foot in Timbuktu and the diary he had published under his name was compiled from Laing’s papers.” As a result in 1829 D’Ghies was announced by the pasha responsible for Laing’s death and replaced as foreign minister by his brother Muhammed (Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. A history of the Maghrib in the Islamic period. Cambridge University Press, 1993, p. 202).
Ritchie was involved into scientific and literary circles of London. He foretold the exceptional literary future of John Keats, and “possibly from some association of ‘Endymion’ with the Mountains of the Moon, promised to carry a copy of the poem with him to Africa and fling it into the midst of the Sahara” (Oxford DNB).


[German Imperial Naval Officer's Photo Album of 63 Original Photographs of China including Tsingtao, Canton & Nanking; With: Nine Printed and Colour Postcards of Chinese Life; With: Two Hand Coloured Albumen Photographs of Japan].

Ca. 1900. Oblong Folio (30 x 41cm). The 63 silver gelatin photographs ca. 12x17 cm (5x7 in) with some larger and smaller ones. Period burgundy gilt tooled diced half sheep with brown and dark brown patterned cloth boards. Extremities slightly rubbed, but overall in very good original condition.
The strong images include 63 images of Tsingtao, Canton & Nanking including street scenes, panoramas, colonial and military life and establishments, temples and pagodas, Chinese and their dress and monuments and cemeteries."The Kiautschou Bay concession was a German leased territory in Imperial China which existed from 1898 to 1914. Covering an area of 552 km2 (213 sq mi), it was located around Jiaozhou Bay on the southern coast of the Shandong Peninsula (German: Schantung-Halbinsel). Jiaozhou was romanized as Kiaochow, Kiauchau or Kiao-Chau in English and as Kiautschou or Kiaochau in German. The administrative center was at Tsingtau" (Wikipedia).


THRESHER, William, Lt. RN.
[Original Manuscript Journal Titled in Manuscript:] Journal of H.M. Screw Steam Corvette “Satellite“ 21 Guns.

Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Stanley (Falkland Islands), 1 March 1864 - 7 September 1865. Octavo (ca. 18x11 cm). T.p., [142] pp., 16 blank leaves. Black ink on laid lined paper. With six small pencil sketches tipped in. Original black skiver notebook with gilt tooled borders on the boards and marbled endpapers, neatly rebacked. A very good journal.
Historically significant detailed naval journal kept by Lieutenant William Thresher, RN during his service on board HM screw steam corvette Satellite, when stationed in Montevideo. The journal thoroughly describes Satellite’s daily life and naval exercise, mentions all warships visiting and staying in Montevideo, and presents a valuable first-hand account of the events of the Uruguayan War (10 August 1864 – 20 February 1865), which the crew of the Satellite took part in, as a part of the international peacekeeping force during the fights in Montevideo. The journal records the Satellite’s short trips between Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro, and Buenos Aires, together with a detailed description of the travel and naval exercise in the Falkland Islands in December 1864. There are also frequent mentions of the American Civil War.
The journal is illustrated with six pencil drawings tipped-in between the pages, depicting: American Federal Sloop of War Sacramento, “the best specimen I have seen of a Sloop of war;” Federal American War Steamer Waterwee; “Onward” slaver taken fitted for slaves by HMS Alecto; Screw Steamer Flying Fish; HMS Bombay's and HMS Arctic’s steam launches; “Sophy,” the boat of the Governor of the Falkland Islands.
William Thresher entered the navy in 1854, became a midshipman in 1856, lieutenant in August 1861 and retired as a Commander in 1870 (Warren, C. Royal Navy List… January 1880, p. 102). HMS Satellite was a wooden Pearl-class screw corvette launched in 1855 and broken up in 1879. On 5 May 1862 - 22 September 1865, it was stationed on the south-east coast of America, under command of Captain Stephen Smith Lowther Crofton,
Overall a beautiful naval journal with rich and historically significant content.
Several excerpts from the journal:
Montevideo, 26 July 1864. Arrived French mail steamer bringing the news of the destruction of the famous Confederate cruiser Alabama by the Federal Sloop of War Kearsage on the 19th June off Cherbourg.
Stanley, the Falkland Islands, 6-15 December 1864.
6 December: Manned and armed boats to send them away to fire. [Then follows a detailed description of the gunnery practice:] <…> when clearing the boats after practice the launch got adrift and the wind catching her on the port bow, heeled her over so much that the gun capsized jamming the man who was stowing away the anchor, which he very naturally dropped overboard and lost.
8 December: The “Sophy” [the Governor’s boat] is merely an eighteen gun’s brig <…> and decked with a small cabin and forepeak <…> and is under the charge of the Harbour Master of Stanley “Melville” who was an old seaman in the “Tune” frigate on this station some years ago. His crew consisted of as he himself expressed of a “jailbird” who was an American by birth, a Southerner from Florida, but with Yankee notions and ideas. He worked well, but was rather inclined to be saucy.
15 December: Held public theatrical at the Eagle Tavern by the good nature of a publican called Goss, under the management of Lieut. Holbrook. A full house to the Bluejackets performances of The Miller and His Men, Who Speaks First, and Box and Cox.
Montevideo, 10 January 1865. Officer of the Guard came on board and informed us of the terrible loss of HMS Bombay (2nd Rate 84) by fire off the Flores Island on 14th December and of the survivors having left the River Plate on 22nd December for England, 93 lives supposed to have been lost. Heard also of the capture of Salto and Paycando by the allied Brazilian and Colorado forces. Landed marines under command of Lieut. Holbrook to protect the English Bank.
Montevideo, 26 January – 24 February 1865. Detailed description of the blockade of Montevideo by the Brazilian fleet, with refugees leaving the city, and street fights between the Blanco and the Colorado forces.
14 February. Rumours flying about alternately - Peace in the Morning - War to the Knife in the Afternoon - No believing anything or anybody. Landed and walked with Lieuts Miller and Masters through the White outposts into the Red lines and returned into town to hear that a President had been elected.
18 February. At 1 pm landing party of the Allied Neutral forces disembarked and occupied the Customs House. The French held the centre, the English the right, Spanish and Italian the left. Captain Joulard of the French flagship Astree in command of the allied forces. Landed Commander Wells, being in command of the English, Lieut Thresher, Sub Lieut Russell and Taylor from Satellite with 40 seamen, Lieut Holbrook RM and 36 marines from Satellite, with marines from other vessels <...> We had tolerably comfortable quarters, a sitting room, a sleeping room, a bath room and an office. Sub Lieut Rainier with 10 men were detached to the English Bank, Sub Lieut Russell with 4 men at the Portuguese Consulate. [Numerous refugees from the town claimed protection at the Customs House, including] a notorious ruffian Colonel Coriolanus Marquez and Mrs. Reyes wife of a leader of the Blanco party. They were accepted on board a Spanish brig of war.
20 February. At 3 am the main body of the Custom’s House guard, the English marines and bluejackets, leading the French next, Spanish and Italian last, marched out of the Customs House with loaded rifles and fixed bayonets (but arms not capped) and under command of Commander Wells proceeded to the Fueste or Government House and occupied it. <…> The street gate to the English quarters was immediately barricaded and the bluejackets' rifles loaded and a guard ready to defend the gate if pressed.
21 February. At 3 pm General Camballo and the advanced guard of the Colorados entered the town quietly <…> the Colorado troopers were riding freely about the place, the bells of the Cathedral rang forth with holiday chimes, crackers let off in the streets (regardless of the powder magazines), and all knew at last for certain that the Capital had surrendered, and that Flores for two years the Rebel <…> was Ruler of Montevideo.


CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of Saigon and Environs].

1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; six larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with cloth sides. Watercolours mounted laid paper leaves. Album overall in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a skilful amateur artist, a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.


[Extensive Collection compiled by Ray McTavish – a soldier of the Canadian Army Medical Corps and Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force during the WW1, containing 60 Original Photos, Real Photo and Printed Postcards Depicting the Allied Intervention to Vladivostok in October-November 1918, and over 90 Original Photos and Real Photo Postcards Documenting his Service in the CAMC in 1916-1918].

Ca. 1916-1918. Over 150 loose gelatin silver prints, real photo and printed postcards. A few images mildly faded, a few with creases on corners, but overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection illustrating the Canadian involvement in the Allied Intervention in the Russian Far East and Siberia in autumn 1918 – summer 1919. Compiled by a private Ray McTavish, the collection includes lively snapshots of Vladivostok streets, portraits of his fellow soldiers and locals, real photo postcards of the Allied parade celebrating the Armistice held in Vladivostok on November 15, 1918, and Japanese propaganda postcards. The other part of the collection documents his earlier service in the Canadian Army Medical Corps. Overall an attractive historically important photo collection.
The collection contains:
1) 31 original photos taken in October-November 1918, documenting the arrival of Canadian troops to Vladivostok and their first month there. Gelatin silver prints from ca. 8x13,5 cm (3 1/8 x 5 3/8 in) to ca. 4x6 cm (1 ½ x 2 ½ in), the majority with period notes on verso dating or annotating images. Important images show “Our first camp in Coquitlam, 4 October” (on the way to Russia), scenes on board the troop ship “Empress of Japan” and her view in Vladivostok harbour, Canadian troops lined for a review on November 3, Canadian barracks in Vladivostok, Chinatown market, “A Junk Shop in Chinatown,” Canadian soldiers posing with local sleigh drivers and children, “An American Sentry in Vladivostok,” “A Mongolian Delivery Man,” and others.
2) 16 real photo postcards depicting Vladivostok and the Allied Intervention troops in 1918, including 6 postcards showing the Allied Parade celebrating the Armistice on 15 November 1918 (Canadian, American, French, Russian, and Czech troops marching down the street), views of the “Japanese Counsel Building,” Canadian Headquarters in Vladivostok, peace parade in Yokohama and others. Seven postcards titled in negatives, eleven - with period ink explanations on verso.
3) 13 printed Japanese propaganda postcards, including views of Vladivostok (with three postcards comprising a large panorama), and scenes with the Allied Naval Fleet in the port of Vladivostok; American, Japanese, British, French and Czech troops marching along the city street. Twelve postcards from the same series are supplemented with printed captions in English and Japanese. One postcard depicts S.S. Empress of Japan.
4) Over 90 original photos and real photo postcards documenting Ray McTavish’s earlier service in the Canadian Army Medical Corps in 1916-1918. Gelatin silver prints from ca. 10x15 cm (4x6 in) to ca. 4,5x6 cm (1 ¾ x 2 ½ in). Two titled in negative, over 30 with period notes on verso dating or annotating images. Among interesting images are: a group portrait titled in negative “C.A.M.C. Major Smith O.C. Training Depot No. 1, Carling Heights, Sept. 28-17,” a view of the lined cars Canadian Army Medical Corps, “A.M.C. Training Depot Camp,” portraits of McTavish and his fellow soldiers, Canadian soldiers posing in the hockey uniform, in the uniform of a Canadian Scottish regiment, marching with bagpipes and drums, in a field camp, and others.


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