March 2018 - Exploration, Travels & Voyages
Africa & Middle East

You can download the PDF file (text only) for this catalogue here:
March 2018 - Exploration, Travels & Voyages - Africa & Middle East.
Right click and select Save Target As to save to your computer.

If you wish to purchase any item please email us


Images are not to scale. Email us to request more photos of an item.

BLANCKLEY, Henry Stanyford (1752-1820)
[Original Certificate on the Printed Form of the British Chancery Office in Algiers, Appointing Lewis Tonna as Blanckley’s Secretary].

Algiers, 9 October 1806. Oblong Folio (ca. 25x39 cm). Official printed form of the British Chancery Office in Algiers, with woodcut arms at head; finished in manuscript in secretarial hand and signed by Blanckley in the right lower corner. Brown ink on laid paper. With official red wax seal on the left margin. Overall a very good document.
“We, H. S. Blanckley Esquire, His Britannic Majesty’s agent and consul general in this City and Kingdom, certify that We do constitute and appoint Lewis Tonna Esqr. Our Secretary and do hereby Order that he is to be obeyed and acknowledged as such by all and every Person whom this may concern”.
Issued at the British Chancery Office at Algiers in 1806 and signed off by the then consul general Henry Stanyford Blanckley, this document appointed Lewis Tonna as his secretary. Blanckley, an army Mayor, had taken part in the siege of Gibraltar in 1782 before a nineteen year stint as consul in the Balearic Islands. He was the British Consul General in Algiers in 1806-1812 and went on to play a role in shaping British policy towards the Barbary Coast. Lewis Hippolytus Joseph Tonna (d. 1828) later became British vice-consul in Algiers and at Bona, vice-consul for Spain and consul for the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in Liverpool. He married Blanckley’s daughter Maria, and their son Lewis Tonna (1812-1857) was a polyglot, fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, and evangelical protestant campaigner.


JONES, Thomas Morgan (d. 1817)
[Extensive Important Autograph Letter Signed "Thos. Morgan Jones" and Addressed to Reverend Matthew Wilks (1746-1829) (one of the founders of the London Missionary Society) Describing in Detail Jones' Outbound Voyage to the Gold Coast, his First Impressions of Cape Coast Castle and his Experiences of his First Seven Weeks There, Including a Detailed Account of the Preparations of Bowdich's Mission to Ashantee of Which Jones was Initially Meant to be a Participant].

Cape Coast Castle (Ghana), 8 March 1817. Folio (ca. 33x20,5 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on beige laid paper. Addressed, sealed and postmarked on the last page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, a couple of repaired tears at folds, some soiling on last page, otherwise a very good legible letter.
A historically important letter which Jones starts by saying that the "voyage hither was very favorable.., [and that he] arrived here [Cape Coast Castle] on the 16th of Jany. [1817]. He goes on to describe the landscape, "the feature of the country all along the Gold Coast is nearly the same as it is here, namely small hills covered with bush or evergreen shrubs to their very summits which gives an appearance of perpetual verdure to the country that is very pleasing." He continues by saying that "a man from the interior is called a Bushman.., [and] there are so many novelties & such myriads of birds of every description, many of whose plumage is beautiful or curious in the extreme, that a man cannot walk out without deriving amusement. I should have now sent you some birds but when shot their plumage is generally spoiled as the natives do not bring them in for sale until the rainy season & after which period I hope to send you some that may be thought worthy a place in your museum if I can be sufficiently successful in my attempt to preserve them.., I think the bush may contain a great many that are not known." He also mentions large predators, "the only carnivorous animal that is constantly here is the patacos (hyena).., [a] large leopard has not been seen here for two years that was taken by the present king of the town in a trap after many fruitless attempts to do so. This animal put the whole town in consternation." However, the most important part of the letter relates to the preparation of Bowdich's Mission: "we brought out very superb presents for the King of Ashantee & a deportation of officers with a guard is to take them up (this embassy is described in Thomas Edward Bowdich, (1791-1824), The Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, London 1819)." Jones seems to have been meant to go on this mission but the new governor John Hope Smith (d. 1831) "wished to retain [him] at the castle.., [as the] limit the number to be sent to three officers [but still] it having been represented to him by Mr. Bowdich that I was qualified to take counter observations on the route was the reason of his so doing but as the expense of each individual will be very great on account of the great distance will be very great & as the instructions from the Committee are on a very economical plan no more will go than are absolutely necessary, namely [Frederick] James esq., Mr. Bowdich to take Lat. Long. Of various places on the route & whom I was to adjust. Mr. Tedlie as surgeon & botanist & a resident probably the first has resided many years in this country & has great knowledge of the manners, language & customs." Jones also covers many other topics in this extensive letter including further description of the countryside and its fauna, local customs and alcohol consumption, the local mission and its recently constructed school and Jones' financial and living situation etc, etc.


[Collection of Three Watercolours of Simon’s Town, near Cape of Good Hope, South Africa].

Ca. 1908. Two watercolours ca. 18x35,5 cm (7x14 in) and one ca. 15x23 cm (6x9 in). Two watercolours initialled F.L. All three captioned in black ink on verso: From the slopes of the Simon's Berg Jan 1908; Bellevue, Simonstown, the Cape; Bellevue, Our Home, the Cape 1902. All on thick artist paper. The two larger watercolours have tape residue from earlier mounting on some outer margins but overall the watercolours are in very good condition.
These three scenic watercolours show views of early 20th century Simon's Town near Cape Town, South Africa, "which is home to the South African Navy. It is located on the shores of False Bay, on the eastern side of the Cape Peninsula. For more than two centuries it has been an important naval base and harbour (first for the Royal Navy and now the South African Navy). The town is named after Simon van der Stel, an early governor of the Cape Colony" (Wikipedia).


SHARPE, Alfred, Sir (1853-1935)
[Collection of 25 Autograph Letters and Notes Signed “Alfred Sharpe” to his Literary Agent William Morris Colles, Talking about Sharpe’s Prospective Book about His Travels, Central Africa, Polemics with the Labour Party’s Idea of Postwar International Administration of Equatorial Africa, and Politics in the Balkans during WWI].

Various places in Britain (the majority – Elmhurst, Lancaster), 1915-1918. Various sizes, from small Octavo (ca. 17,5x11 cm) to Quarto (ca. 23x19,5 cm). 39 pp. in total. Brown ink on various paper (blue laid paper, blue San Remo linen paper, white “Basildon Bond” paper et al.). Eighteen letters with blind stamped address “Elmhurst, Lancaster” on the upper margin, and two with the “Plâs Nantyr, Glyn” ink stamp; one letter on the printed form of “Euston Hotel, London”, and one – on the form of the “Royal Societies Club, St. James’s Street, London”. All but one letters with the ink stamp “Received” on the first page, specifying the date of reception; all letters with blue pencil numbers apparently put by Colles. Mild fold marks, holes in one of the corners after the letters having been stapled together, some letters with minor creases and tears on the margins, but overall a very good archive of interesting letters written in a legible hand.
Very interesting historically important archive of Sir Alfred Sharpe, British traveller and colonial administrator in Central Africa, who was actively engaged in the formation of the British Central Africa Protectorate (after 1964 - Malawi), became its High Commissioner (1896-1907) and later, when the colony was renamed to Nyasaland – its first governor (1907-1910). Sharpe was also a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (RGS) since 1891, received its Cuthbert Peak Award in 1898 and became a member of the Society’s Council in 1913-1917.
Much of the collection relates to the history of writing and publication of Sharpe’s memoirs about his travels in Africa. The first documents regarding this date from the end of 1916 (Nov 24 and Dec 11) when Sharpe had the diaries of his journey to South Africa retyped and sent to Colles “together with 100 photos from which a choice – or all – can be taken”. After that Sharpe went on another trip, writing to Colles: “I leave for Africa on Friday” (11 Dec, 1916), and already in July 1917 he sent to the agent “notes on my last journey” (9 Jul, 1917). From this time starts long correspondence about different aspects of the prospective book: what stories should be included, what should be edited or revised; whether it is possible to find paper to print a book (in wartime) et al. Some examples of the correspondence about “the Book”: Sharpe is talking about his travel to the German East Africa in 1904 – “to the magnificent high district immediately north of Lake Nyasa”. He encloses the diary he kept at the time saying that he can “complete a running narrative out of it” (5 March, 1918). “I can make out say 2000 or 3000 words on the German Kondeland – with a general description of that nice country, and the notes of the journey I sent you. Let me know if you want it” (6 March, 1918), “You said I owe a paper – Here is one of the Cape to Cairo fetish [?] <…> Would it do also to incorporate as a chapter in the book?” (9 March, 1918). Several letters reveal the negotiation process with prospective publisher Edward Arnold: he is first mentioned in a letter from 9 July 1917. Almost a year after, on 1 May 1918 Sharpe writes to Colles that Arnold wants him to rewrite the manuscript and make “a fresh book”.
Throughout the next five letters continues the discussion about Sharpe’s royalty: the author wanted “20 % and £200 down” and then was ready “to go down to the South coast & shut myself up for 2 to 3 months & make the thing to work”. The outcome on 21 May was unfavourable, Sharpe writing: “It is not sufficiently attractive for me to go in for four months hard work. Moreover it is a form of agreement which would bend me to write, but leaves A. Open to publish or not according to when he likes, and if paper goes to his price. Will you kindly inform him that I can not consider his offer”. Note: Sharpe’s book was eventually published in 1921 by H.F. & G. Witherby under the title “The Backbone of Africa: A record of Travel During the Great War, with Some Suggestions for Administrative Reform."
Other letters from the collection reveal a number of different interesting subjects: Four letters touch on the idea of post-war international administration of the Equatorial Africa suggested by the Labour Party, the idea which Sharpe was a passionate opponent of: “What on earth the Labour Gentlemen have to do with our African possessions <…>”; Their idea of a mixed up Africa governed by a mixed up international Govt is of course a farce. Does anyone really looks on it seriously?” (2 Jan, 1918). The other letters are dedicated to the article by H.G. Wells which supported the Labour’s idea and was published in the Daily Mail (30 Jan 1918) under the title “The African Riddle”. Sharpe wrote a reply article for the Daily Mail for 1000 words, and another one for 3500 words – and is asking Colles to find a magazine to publish it (5 Feb, 1918). From the next letter we get to know that it went to the “Land and Water” magazine (10 Feb, 1918).
Six letters dated October-December 1917 contain some interesting contemporary observations on the events in the Balkans theatre of WW1, e.g. Extensive notes on the “present German actions in Greece” also discusses Greek Prime-Minister Eleftherios Venizelos (31 Oct); letter about the British politics regarding Bulgaria and its desire to ally with the Entente (2 Nov); description of Sharpe’s private meeting with Venizelos when the conditions of Bulgaria’s alliance with the Entente were discussed (15 Nov); or thoughts about the future of the Balkan and Mediterranean fronts: “It is now sticking out for anyone to see that Germany, after she has done what she can in Italy, will send her spare army down to the Balkans, & make a big effort to force us out to the sea. After that she will go for Mesopotamia & Gaza. And how can we do anything there to stand up to her? – These many fronts are our weakness” (6 Nov).
William Morris Colles (1865-1926) was English literary agent, the founder and managing director of The Authors' Syndicate, Ltd. (1890); a Member of the Council of the Society of Authors, and of the Copyright Association. His extensive correspondence with numerous writers is held in several depositories, including the library of UCLA (correspondence with James Barrie, Arnold Bennett, E. F. Benson, R. Haggard, and S. Maugham), and the University of Columbia (Thomas Hardy, Alfred Ollivant, John Pendleton, William H. Rideing, Peter Kropotkin and others).


[Collection of Nine Original Drawings by Wilhelm and Ismael Gentz, Leopold Mueller, and Charles Welsch, Used as Prototypes for Illustrations in Georg Ebers’ Encyclopaedic Work “Aegypten in Bild und Wort (Stuttgart & Leipzig 1879-80);” [Egypt: Descriptive, Historical, and Picturesque]; With: Complete Sets of Both the First German and the First English Editions of the Book].

Drawings: ca. 1870s. Pencil, ink and wash on album paper, some heightened in white, all but one signed by the artists on the lower margins, some with additional pencil notes and captions on the lower margins. See detailed descriptions and sizes below. All drawings matted in recent mats and housed in a custom made brown full cloth box with a gilt lettered title label on the spine, decorative brass corners on the upper board and brass clasps. Overall a fine collection of beautiful drawings.
A beautiful collection of nine original drawings created by prominent German and Austrian artists of the “oriental” genre for the famous lavishly illustrated work “Aegypten in Bild und Wort” by a noted German Egyptologist and novelist Georg Ebers (1837-1898). The drawings were made from nature, as all the artists had travelled to Egypt and worked there for longer or shorter periods. Among the drawings are three works by Wilhelm Gentz (1822-1890), and one by his son Ismael Wolfgang Gentz (1862-1914). The drawings were made during their journey to Egypt and the Holy Land in the late 1870s. There are also three drawings by an Austrian artist in “oriental” genre Leopold Müller (1834-1892) who lived and worked in Egypt in 1873-76, and two by Charles Feodor Welsch (1828-1904), who travelled to Egypt in 1874. The drawings are accompanied by copies of the two-volume sets of the first German and first English editions of Ebers’ work. Overall a very nice collection of beautiful original drawings.
List of drawings:
1) GENTZ, Wilhelm. Hof des Antiquitäten-Museums zu Bulak [Court of the Museum of Antiquities at Bulaq]. Ink and wash on paper. Ca. 29,5x25 cm (11 ½ x 10 in), leaf ca. 39x34 cm (15 ½ x 13 ¼ in). Signed in ink in the left lower corner, with period pencil and ink notes on the lower margin. Published in: vol. II, p. 49 (German ed.), vol. II, p. 40 (English ed.).
2) GENTZ, Wilhelm. Hafen von Bulak [Harbour of Bulaq]. Ink and wash on paper. Ca. 23,5x32 cm (9 ¼ x 12 ¾ in), leaf ca. 33x38,5 cm (13 x 15 ¼ in). Signed in the right lower corner, with an ink caption on the lower margin. Published in: vol. II, p. 165 (German ed.), vol. II, p. 147 (English ed.).
3) GENTZ, Wilhelm. In den Nil geführte Büffel [Buffaloes Watered in the Nile]. Ink and wash on paper. Ca. 29x36 cm (11 x 14 ¼ in), leaf ca. 33x41,5 cm (13 x 16 ¼ in). Signed in ink in the right lower corner, with an ink note underneath. Published in: vol. II, p. 227 (German ed.), vol. II, p. 204 (English ed.).
4) GENTZ, Ismael. Des Vaters Liebling [Father’s Darling]. Pencil and charcoal on paper, heightened in white. Ca. 18x16 cm (7 x 6 ¼ in), leaf ca. 33,5x25 cm (13 ¼ x 10 in). Signed in pencil in the right lower corner, with an ink note underneath. Published in: vol. II, p. 97 (German ed.), vol. II, p. 86 (English ed.).
5) MÜLLER, Leopold. Besprengung der Straße [Watering the Roads]. Ink on paper. Ca. 15x11,5 cm (6 x 4 ½ in), leaf ca. 24,5x16 cm (9 ½ x 6 ¼ in). Signed in the right lower corner. Published in: vol. I, p. 47 (German ed.), vol. I, p. 43 (English ed.).
6) MÜLLER, Leopold. Sarrâf oder Wechsler [Sarraf, or Money-Changer]. Ink on paper. Ca. 19x13,5 cm (7 ½ x 5 ¼ in), mounted on a larger leaf ca. 32,5x23,5 cm (13x9 in). Signed in the right lower corner, pencil note on the lower margin of mount. Published in: vol. I, p. 55 (German ed.), vol. I, p. 49 (English ed.).
7) MÜLLER, Leopold. Hirte in der Wüste [Herdsman in the Desert]. Ink and wash on paper. Ca. 13,5x21 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¼ in), mounted on a larger leaf ca. 25x33,5 cm (10 x 13 ¼ in). Signed in ink in the left lower corner, pencil note on the lower margin of mount. Published in: vol. I, p. 108 (German ed.), vol. I, p. 95 (English ed.).
8) WELSCH, Charles Feodor. Alt-Kairo [Old Cairo]. Pencil and charcoal on paper, heightened in white. Ca. 25x19 cm (9 ¾ x 7 ½ in), mounted on a larger leaf ca. 45x31 cm (17 ¾ x 12 ¼ in). Not signed, a pencil and ink notes on the lower margin of the mount. Published in: vol. I, p. 225 (German ed.), vol. I, leaf facing p. 193 (English ed.).
9) WELSCH, Charles Feodor. Am Nilufer [On the Bank of the Nile]. Pencil and watercolour on paper. Ca. 27x17 cm (10 ½ x 7 ½ in), leaf ca. 45,5x35 cm (18x14 in). Signed in the left lower corner, a pencil note on the lower margin of the mount. Published in: vol. I, p. 377 (German ed.), vol. I, p. 340 (English ed.).
First German edition: EBERS, G. Ägypten in Wort und Bild. Stuttgart & Leipzig: Hallberger, 1879-1880. 2 vols. Folio. (ca. 38,5x31 cm). [8], vi, [2], 387; xii, 432 pp. With two chromolithographed maps and numerous woodcut illustrations in text. Original publisher’s brown full cloth with rich gilt tooled ornaments on the upper board and the spine, decorated with blue beads; marbled papered endpapers, all edges gilt. Binding slightly rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, several beads on the front cover missing, but overall a very good copy. Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 205; Kainbacher 111; Rümann, 19. Jh. 144.
First English edition: EBERS, G. Egypt: descriptive, historical, and picturesque. Translated from the original German by Clara Bell. With an introduction and notes by S. Birch. London, Paris & New York: Cassell, [1880s]. 2 vols. Folio (ca. 38,5x29,5 cm). Xxiv, 314, [4]; xxii, 388, [4] pp. With two frontispieces, 29 woodcut plates and numerous woodcut illustrations in text. Original publisher’s brown full cloth with gilt tooled and colour stamped ornaments, as well as gilt lettered titles on the upper board and the spine, all edges gilt. Binding slightly rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, but overall a very good copy. Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 206ff.


SALT, Henry (1780-1827)
[Large Hand Coloured Aquatint, Titled]: The Town of Abha in Abyssinia.

London: William Miller, 1 May 1809. Hand coloured aquatint on thick wove paper, ca. 46x60 cm (ca. 18 x 23 ¾ in). Engraved by L. Bluck. With a very small minor tear on the lower margin neatly repaired, margins trimmed, otherwise a very good aquatint.
Plate XVIII from Salt's "Twenty-four views in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia and Egypt." "On 20 June 1802 Salt left England on an eastern tour, as secretary and draughtsman to Viscount Valentia (later the earl of Mountnorris). He visited India, Ceylon, and the Red Sea, and in 1805 was sent by Valentia on a mission into Abyssinia, to the ras of Tigré, whose affection and respect he gained, and with whom he left one of his party, Nathaniel Pearce. The return to England in 1806 was made by way of Egypt, where he first met the pasha, Mehmet Ali. Lord Valentia's Travels in India (1809) was partly written and completely illustrated by Salt, who published his own 24 Views in St Helena, India and Egypt in the same year" (Oxford DNB); Abbey Travel: 515


ASHMUN, J[ehudi] (1794-1828)
History of the American Colony in Liberia, from December 1821 to 1823. Compiled from the Authentic Records of the Colony.

Washington: Way & Gideon, 1826. First Edition. Octavo (21x13,5 cm). 42 pp. With a large folding map. Handsome period style gilt tooled full sheep with a gilt title label. With some minor browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"In 1821 a site at Cape Mesurado was selected by the American Colonization Society as appropriate for the 'repatriation' of a detachment of freed American slaves, and in 1822 Jehudi Ashmun, a white American, went out at the request of the Society to aid the infant settlement. The first settlers were landed on Providence Island at the mouth of the Mesurado River, but after protracted negotiations with Bassa and Dei headmen they eventually procured the rights to the Du Kor Peninsula on which Monrovia now stands. Ashmun was joined for a while in 1824 by Robert Gurley, who gave the settlement the name Liberia" (Howgego 1800-1850 W23).
"Ashmun was an American religious leader and social reformer who became involved in the American Colonization Society. He served as the United States government's agent in the Liberia colony and as such its de facto governor for two different terms: one from August 1822 until April 1823, and another from August 1823 until March 1828.., As United States representative to Liberia as well as agent of the ACS, Ashmun effectively became governor of the colony from 1822 to 1828, from ages 28 to 34. He took a leadership role in what he found to be a demoralized colony and helped build the defenses of Monrovia, as well as building up trade. During his tenure in Liberia, Ashmun increased agricultural production, annexed more tribal land from the natives, and exploited commercial opportunities in the interior. He helped create a constitution for Liberia that enabled blacks to hold positions in the government. This was unlike what happened in the neighboring British colony of Sierra Leone, which was dominated by whites although founded for the resettlement of free blacks from Britain and Upper Canada. Ashmun's letters home and his book, History of the American Colony in Liberia, 1821–1823 (1826) constitute the earliest written history of the Liberia colony" (Wikipedia); Sabin 2204.


LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Autograph Letter Signed "David Livingstone" Dated at Mr. Stearns', Malabar Hill, Nov. 2nd 1865 and Addressed on the Verso “To H. Chowfussy." “I expect a telegram from James Young... On a subject of considerable importance to me, but as it would appear from your careful investigation that no telegram has come from England for me, the only other source I can imagine must have been from the Governor and as I have written to him to-day he will see that I have not received any - I think that no further search need be made but with hearty thanks I remain sincerely yours..,” [With]: A Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph of Livingstone Standing by a Table ca. 1865 (8,5x5,5 cm)].

2 Novermber 1865. Octavo letter (ca. 18x11,5 cm) in four pages on a bifolium. Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph mounted on period stiff card with pencil caption "Livingstone" under photograph. Brown ink written in a legible hand on laid beige paper. Fold marks and with residue of mounting paste, but overall the letter and the photograph are in very good condition.
In November 1864, Livingstone had decided that he "would try to ‘settle’ the watersheds of central Africa, though he insisted that he remained primarily a missionary. He planned to return to the Rovuma, pass to the north of Lake Nyasa, look for the Nile headwaters, and then make for Ujiji, on Lake Tanganyika; but he still hoped to find a site for a trading mission. The expedition was to be small-scale, without a steamboat, and without other Europeans. The RGS put up £500, as did the British government; and £1000 came from James Young, a friend from Livingstone's student days in Glasgow, who had made a fortune from distilling paraffin" (Oxford DNB); James Young's (1811-1883) £1000 contribution is perhaps what explains the importance of the mentioned telegram to Livingstone. This letter dates from Livingstone's time in Bombay where he organized and recruited for this expedition. "In Bombay, Livingstone recruited several sepoys, and twelve Africans from mission schools.., [and] the governor, Sir Bartle Frere.., gave the party passage in a government ship to Zanzibar [in January 1866]" (Oxford DNB). This was to be Livingstone's last expedition where after a long period without contact to the outside world, Stanley found him at Ujiji in 1871 and greeted him there with the famous salutation, "Dr Livingstone, I presume?" William French Stearns (1835-74) was the son of the distinguished President of Amherst College, Massachusetts. He was engaged in the business of Stearns, Hobart & Co. Of Bombay from 1857 to 1868. Livingstone had met Stearns in 1865 on a steamer to Bombay and had become firm friends. Stearns letters from Livingstone were published by Boston University's African Studies Centre in 1968.


[Collection of Five Large Signed Mounted Black and White Watercolours Showing Scenes of David Livingstone's Last Expedition Including his Meeting with Henry Stanley].

Ca. 1920. Watercolours, each ca. 39x30 cm (15 ½ x 12 in), two captioned "Dr. Livingstone" in pencil on verso and two captioned in blue crayon "Advance copy" Page 110-1 & page 221 respectively on verso. Corners of mounts with some mild wear but overall the collection is in very good condition.
The five vivid and evocative watercolours show: Dr. Livingstone and Henry Stanley; An audience with an African Ruler; an East African slave caravan; Dr. Livingstone's canoe with three native rowers being capsized by a Hippopotamus; Dr. Livingstone waving good bye to Henry Stanley. Leo Bates was a prolific boys adventure book illustrator from about 1920 to 1950. He illustrated Coral Island, The Road to Mandalay, Elephant Swamp, Island Born: A Tale of Hawaii, The Lost Crown of Ghorapora, Peril on the Amazon, etc.., as well as illustrations for Wide World and Astounding Stories magazines. These watercolours are archetypes for illustrations in one of Bates' publications as evidenced by the notations on the verso of a couple of the watercolours.


TROTTER, A[lexander] M[ason] (Scotland 1891-1946)
[Watercolour, Apparently Used as an Illustration in 'The Graphic,' Titled on Verso:] Death of Livingstone.

London, 1917. Matted watercolour on Whatman board ca. 27x38 cm (11x15 in). With an old fold (cracked at margins) on lower margin not affecting the main image, otherwise a very striking watercolour in very good condition.
This striking watercolour is a latter reworking of the famous scene of the death of David Livingstone. "David Livingstone died in that area in Chief Chitambo's village at Ilala southeast of Lake Bangweulu in present-day Zambia on 1 May 1873 from malaria and internal bleeding caused by dysentery. He took his final breaths while kneeling in prayer at his bedside. (His journal indicates that the date of his death would have been 1 May, but his attendants noted the date as 4 May, which they carved on a tree and later reported; this is the date on his grave.) Britain wanted the body to give it a proper ceremony, but the tribe would not give his body to them. Finally they relented, but cut the heart out and put a note on the body that said, "You can have his body, but his heart belongs in Africa!". Livingstone's heart was buried under a Mvula tree near the spot where he died, now the site of the Livingstone Memorial. His body together with his journal was carried over a thousand miles by his loyal attendants Chuma and Susi to the coast to Bagamoyo, and was returned to Britain for burial. After lying in repose at No.1 Savile Row "then the headquarters of the Royal Geographical Society, now the home of bespoke tailors Gieves & Hawkes" his remains were interred at Westminster Abbey" (Wikipedia).


[Original Watercolour Panorama of Mombasa, Titled:] Mombasa through the Glass from the Anchorage.

Mombasa, ca. 1880. Watercolour and ink on paper, ca. 11,5x29,5 cm (5 ½ x11 ½ in). Mounted on period beige laid paper and recently matted. Captioned in ink "Mombasa through the Glass from the Anchorage" in the left lower corner; additional ink caption on the laid paper "Mombasa - a town on the coast north from Zanzibar." Minor creases on the left corners, with a minor stain, otherwise a very good watercolour.
A tranquil view of Mombasa, likely just before the time when it came under the administration of the British East Africa Association.


ALLEN, Captain William (1792-1864)
A Narrative of the Expedition Sent By Her Majesty's Government To The River Niger In 1841. Under the Command of Captain H.D. Trotter and T.R.H. Thomson. Published with the Sanction of the Colonial Office and the Admiralty.

London: Richard Bentley, 1848. First Edition. xviii, 509; viii, 511 pp. Thick (7 cm) Octavo (22x15 cm). 2 vols. in one. With a portrait frontispiece, two folding maps, a folding panorama, fourteen plates, and many wood engravings in text. Handsome period brown gilt tooled full morocco. Recased using the original spine, but overall a very good copy.
"In 1840 the abolitionist, Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton (1786-1845), proposed that a large expedition should be sent up the Niger with a threefold mission; to show the natives the advantages of legitimate trade; to sign treaties with the chiefs in which they promised to give up slaving; and to set up a model farm at the Benue-Niger confluence which could teach the Africans the merits of agriculture and the blessings of Christianity.., The expedition sailed in May 1841, and after recruiting 133 Africans on the west coast entered the Niger on 13.8.41" (Howgego 1800-1850 T18). "It was, without a doubt, the most ambitious expedition that had ever set out for the Niger" (De Gramont p.207); Hess & Coger 6939.


BEKE, Charles T[ilstone] (1800-1874)
A Lecture on the Sources of the Nile and on the Means Requisite for their Final Determination. Delivered in the Theatre of the London Institution, on Wednesday, January 20th, 1864. [With: A Mounted Photograph (8,5x6 cm) of Mr. & Mrs. Beke, ca. 1870 London: Ernest Edwards. With: Six Pages of Loose Descriptive Text].

London: Board of Management of the London Institution, 1864. First Edition. Octavo. 35 pp. With three maps, one outline hand colored. Recent gray wrappers. A fine copy.
Very Rare publication as only three copies found in Worldcat. Published after Speke's 'Discovery of the Sources of the Nile.' In this lecture to the London Institution, Beke took issue with Speke's claim that he had discovered the source of the Nile. Beke's counter claims were based on his knowledge gained during his previous journeys to the region. "Beke spent the years 1840 to 1843 travelling in Abyssinia, spending most of his time in the provinces of Shoa and Gojam. His governing concerns were to advance commerce; aid the suppression of the slave trade; and make further geographical discovery, with the elucidation of the sources of the Nile River as his goal.., In the 1860s Beke's lifelong passions again brought him into the public eye. He continued, by lecture and articles, and his Sources of the Nile (1860), to debate the geography of the Nile basin" (Oxford DNB).


MONK, Charles James (1824-1900), a Director of the Suez Canal Company in the 1880s
[Collection of Five Autograph Letters Signed From Charles Monk to his Mother and Sister, Written during his Travels up and down the Nile, With Interesting Notes on the Temples and Sites Visited, Latest Events in Egypt, His Dragoman and the Boat Crew, Hunting Trips, Other European and American Travellers on the Nile et al.]

Kenneh, Thebes, Cairo, on board French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 1848-1849. Five Autograph Letters Signed, all Quarto (from ca. 26,5x21,5 cm to ca. 24,5x20 cm). Brown ink on white or blueish paper. In total 19 pp. of text. Each letter addressed and with postal and quarantine stamps on the 4th page, four letters numbered from 50 to 53 in the upper left corners of the first leaves. Fold marks, paper mildly age toned, four letters with minor holes on the margins of the second leaves after opening, affecting several letters or words, one letter with minor tears on fold, affecting several letters, but overall a very good collection.
Important collection of original letters written by British politician Charles James Monk during his travel to Asia Minor and Egypt in 1848-1849 shortly after his graduation from Cambridge. The letters describe Monk’s travels along the Nile and give a valuable private commentary to his printed account “The Golden Horn and Sketches is Asia Minor, Egypt, Syria, and the Hauraan” (London, 1851, 2 vols.). Monk arrived in Alexandria in the beginning of October 1848 and proceeded to Cairo from where he sailed up the Nile turning back at the second cataract near Wadi Halfa in the end of November. Two letters were written during the trip in Upper Egypt – in Thebes and Kenneh. Monk talks about sites visited, his Dragoman and the crew of his boat, travel companion and other European and American travel groups in Egypt, excessive heat and flies, his numerous hunting trips when he shot among others several plovers, pigeons, a “splendid solan goose,” and a crocodile; cheap prices for local eggs and bread; mentions the death of the Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt (1789-1848); the election of Louis Napoleon the President of the French Republic and shares his plans for the further travel to Sinai, Palestine and Syria. The last letter written at the end of the travel contains a critique on Alphonse de Lamartine’s book “Voyage en Orient” (1835). Later in life Monk became a director of the Suez Canal Company (1884).
Some excerpts from the letters:
1) The Thebaid, Upper Egypt, Kenneh 9 November 1848.
“The waters are now rapidly subsiding, but the breadth of this extraordinary river & the body of water which is spread upon the lands for miles on either side is quite wonderful, when we consider that it is unassisted by any tributary streams. The flies are so annoying that I scarcely have patience to endure them <…> We have fortunately left mosquitoes behind us a little above Cairo <…> our Reis & crew continue to give us satisfaction, but they always have that […?] word “Baksheesh” <…> in their mouths. I have been perfectly well ever since I have been in the Nile, as also has my companion Mr. May. This is the most delightful mode of travelling you can imagine. I am afraid I begin to take a selfish pleasure in it <…> Note that the Nile is falling, the peasants are busy at work with the shadoof raising water for the irrigation of their lands…”
2) Thebes. Upper Egypt. 17 December 1848 & Kenneh 21 December 1848.
“After leaving Kenneh we reached Thebes in two days, spent Sunday on the Western bank, where are the temples of El Koorhen, the Memnonium containing the fallen granite statue of Remeses the Great (1350 B.C.), the largest statue in the world, & that of Medeenet Aboo, & the two Colossal statues in the Plain, one of which is called the vocal Memnon from the circumstance of a sound having come from its mouth every morning at sunrise. From Thebes to Esouan, the first cataract we were about a week. The falls here are not more than 6 or 7 feet & we passed with the united efforts of about 200 men, who hauled the boat up with an enormous rope; & the same afternoon we came to the small island of Philae, on which are two temples of singular interest. <…> Our furthest point was Wadi Halfeh, the second grand cataract beyond which no boat can pass, lying between 21° & 22° N. Latitude. <…> The Governor at Wady Halfeh was a kind & agreeable Turk & came on board & dined with us & paid us several visits. He would have assisted us in going up to Dongola, but of course that was not on the question, & in fact I did not feel any desire so to do in camels by the river’s bank. <…> The death of Ibrahim Pasha, which you […?] from my last letter was daily expected, has fortunately not caused the slightest disturbance in Upper Egypt <…> Our Dragoman we were obliged to put on shore at Edfoo above Thebes, for he proved to be a perfect scoundrel.”
3) Hotel d’Orient, Cairo. 5 January 1849.
“We have enjoyed our Nile tour excessively & since leaving Kenneh we have seen some monuments of extreme interest including the grottoes of Beni Hassan, which illustrate the manners & avocations of ancient Egyptians even better than the royal tombs of Thebes. The Pyramids we have visited & examined throughout their details with great care, & we have certainly returned from our tour impressed with a high idea of the wonderful excellence which the Egyptians had attained in the arts & sciences in the early ages of the world. <…> At Beni Hassan I shot another crocodile. It is the most Northerly point at which they are ever found, & not very often there. Mt. May likewise killed a very small one in Nubia measuring 4 ft 3 inch.”
4) Oriental Hotel, Cairo. 18 January 1849.
“I little expected to see in Africa the prettiest gardens that I have ever met with; yet such if the case. The gardens of Mohammad Ali at Shubra are perfectly beautiful. They are filled with orange trees. <…> Ibrahim Pasha’s gardens in the Island of Rhoda are very pretty, but they were unfortunately 4 feet underwater last August owing to the excessive rise of the Nile. The Cairine bazaars, Mosques, Baths, & all other public buildings are so far inferior & even mean in comparison with those at Stamboul, that it would not be worth while giving any detailed account of them…”
V. On board the French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 100 leagues off Malta. 24 April 1849.
“I now feel my painful duty - don’t be alarmed – to denounce M. De la Martin as a gross impostor & unworthy of credit. His book is [full?] of misrepresentations from beginning to end & was the cause of much disappointment to me especially in respect to Beirut. Like many towns on the coast Beirut is very pretty from the Sea, but its environs can lay no claim to the extraordinary beauty with which La Martin has clothed them. The Lebanon both alone & below Beirut has much lovely scenery & I spent two or three most delightful days among the mountains, for we made up a very pleasant party (5 of us) & visited <…> Deir el Kammor [Deir al-Qamar], the Capital of the Druzes, where the banished Emir Beschir [Bashir Shihab II] used to live.”


RAFFENEL, Anne (1809-58)
Voyage dans l'Afrique occidentale comprenant l'exploration du Senegal, depuis Saint-Louis jusqu'a la Faleme, au-dela de Bakel; de la Faleme, depuis son embouchure jusqu'a Sansandig; des mines d'or de Kenieba, dans le Bambouk; des pays de Galam, Bondou et Woolli; et de la Gambie, depuis Baracounda jusqu'a l'Ocean; execute, en 1843 et 1844, par une commission composee de MM. Huard-Bessinieres, Jamin, Raffenel, Peyre-Ferry et Pottin-Patterson. [Travels in West Africa Including the Exploration of Senegal ..,].

Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1846. First Edition. Small Quarto Text & Folio Atlas. vii, 512 pp. With two lithographed folding maps and twenty-two hand coloured illustrations on eleven lithographed plates. Text in period brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. Atlas in period-style green gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. One map with expertly repaired tears, text with some very minor foxing and rubbed on extremities but overall still a very good set.
Text with the bookplate of John Ralph Willis. "In 1843-4 the marine officer Anne Raffenel explored Bambouk, and in 1846-48 made his way into Kaarta. Raffenel. Born at Versailles, had joined the navy in 1826 and for the next sixteen years voyaged to different parts of the world. He was appointed governor of Madagascar in 1855 and died there in June 1858" (Howgego 1800-1850, W23). "Explorations made in 1843 on the upper [Faleme] river by Raffenel carried him to Bambouk and the gold-bearing regions of the Faleme; he then traveled into Kaarta, the country of the Bambara, where he was held prisoner for eight months, but the ministry quietly avoided acting on the proposal to stop native razzias on the posts by direct annexation" (Priestley, France Overseas, 52); Gay, 2915.


LUDLAM, Thomas (ca. 1775-1810)
[Original Extensive Autograph Letter Signed by Thomas Ludlam, a Member of the Council of the Sierra Leone Company, and Thrice Governor of the Sierra Leone Colony, Recounting in Great Detail the Trial, Near Execution and Pardon of Anne Edmonds, a Daughter of Nova Scotia Black Loyalists, who was Accused of Infanticide of her Mulatto Child in Freetown in 1807].

Sierra Leone, 22 April 1809. Folio manuscript (ca. 32x20 cm or 12 ½ x 8 in). 13 pp. Black ink on seven unbound white laid paper leaves watermarked “JOHN HOWARD 1804,” occasional period ink and pencil corrections and additions in text. Manuscript housed in a recent blue and red cloth custom made portfolio. Letter with original fold marks, minor tears and a stain affecting three leaves, a rectangular piece about 1-inch length cut from the left margin with no loss on text; overall a very good manuscript.
Historically significant extensive manuscript giving an eye-witness account of the famous criminal case of Anne Edmonds, an accused murderer of her newborn baby from a community of Nova Scotian Black Loyalists in Sierra Leone. Having started as a criminal investigation, the case became an episode of a political struggle between the new Governor of Sierra Leone Thomas Thompson (1783-1869, Governor in 1808-1810) and the elite of the new colony – members of the dissolved Sierra Leone Company who maintained close ties with the black Nova Scotian settlers. Thompson argued that the Sierra Leone Company formed by abolitionists eventually got corrupted and succumbed to supporting slave trade itself, and that the Nova Scotian settlers initiated illegal sex relations between their daughters and white men from the Company in hope for favours and privileges in return, performing abortions or infanticide of newborn mulatto babies in order to conceal the relations. Anne Edmonds’ case was the one used by Thompson to prove his point. She was initially arrested during the governorship of his predecessor, Thomas Ludlam (the author of our manuscript), but was released due to insufficient evidence. Thompson initiated her second arrest and trial, which found her guilty and sentenced to death. She was pardoned after a rope had been already tightened on her neck and was sentenced to exile. Thompson’s policy though caused much of a discontent of the abolitionist groups in London, including his patron William Wilberforce, and Thompson was dismissed just after two years of his governorship, in 1810.
The manuscript was written by Thomas Ludlam, who was the initiator of the first investigation of Anne Edmonds, while he was still governor of Sierra Leone. He was subpoenaed as a witness to the second trial and “therefore heard the greater part of it.” The manuscript written the form of a letter to his brother, gives an in-depth description of the trial and appears to have been prepared for publication. Ludlam describes the legal formalities of bringing charges against Edmonds for the second time, witnesses’ testimonies, the decision of the jury and the proceedings of the non-completed execution; he also leaves extensive comments about his interpretation of the events. We haven’t found any sources indicating that the manuscript had been published. Ludlam himself died just over a year later onboard H.M.S. “Crocodile” while exploring the west African coast near Sierra Leone. Overall a vivid account of an important legal case showing the social and racial tensions in the early days of the Crown Colony of Sierra Leone.
Excerpts from the manuscript: “Anne Edmond’s trial, after many delays, was fixed for the 30th of March and she was informed that any person whom she approved may appear as counsel for her […] My personal appearance in her favour, I was persuaded, would have done her disservice. The Governor would have considered it as a trial of strength between his influence and mine […] I put my notes into Smiths hands, who ultimately had agreed to appear on her behalf…” Having been subpoenaed as evidence, Ludlam witnessed the entire trial: “…The next witnesses proved the discovery and situation of that infant, also it was certainly a Mulatto; and that there was a remarkable wound in its face […] the Coroner’s jury agreed at the sight of the body that it had been murdered; but they could specify nothing to justify such an opinion except that wound. […] Evidence was next called to prove the concealment, but the only kind of concealment attempted to be proved was that the prisoner, when under examination before Government Thompson, denied having had a child. […] The rest of the evidence (so far as I recollect) was perfectly immaterial, relating only to matters of form.” He comments on her conviction and death sentence: “Every one was surprised at the haste with which they concluded upon their verdict […] they agreed on a verdict of guilty in ten minutes […] The death warrant was delivered to the sheriff and she was ordered to prepare for execution the following morning […] All who had opportunities of communicating with Nancy were instructed that death was certain […] A most extraordinary change took place in Nancy’s mind: her distress subsided to calmness, if not to confidence […] About half past 10, she enquired whether it was necessary to wait until 11’oclock, before she ascended the platform […] She immediately ascended the later, not only without assistance but with agility.” After describing how Anne helped to loosen the noose and put it around her neck, Ludlam recounts a sudden change of events: “Old Montague, the Maroon, delivered a paper from the Governor to the Sherriff, recapitulating her offence and conviction, but declaring that as there was no reason to believe she was actually guilty of murder […] the Governor and council had been pleased to remit the punishment of death, on condition of her quitting forever the British Dominions. […] King Sherboro received her with kindness at Bullom, and gave her the use of his own house till another could be provided.” Ludlow concludes: “I cannot help believing that something of a very unexpected nature, at least very contrary to present appearances, will one day come out. Extraordinary and in some respects admirable as Nancy’s conduct was, I cannot persuade myself that the slight confession she made contains the whole truth...”
“Thompson became Governor of Sierra Leone between August 1808 and June 1810, due in part to his acquaintance with William Wilberforce. He was recalled from the job after complaining about the system by which "freed" slaves were compulsorily "apprenticed" for fourteen years in Sierra Leone. He wrote that Wilberforce and the Sierra Leone Company had "by means of their agents become slave traders themselves". He threatened to expose this situation, so he was sacked, with Wilberforce himself agreeing to the dismissal.” (Wikipedia).
“Sierra Leone became a crown (British) colony in 1808. From that point virtually all of the new settlers were “re-captives,” slaves rescued from slave ships and emancipated by the Royal Navy. Sierra Leone became a base for the navy’s operation and the number of re-captives soon outstripped the number of original freed slave settlers. These re-captives eventually blended into the community, created by the first three waves of freed slave settlers. They formed a unique Krio culture and language with Christianity as its base.” (BlackPast.Org)


[HALL, Charles, Commander of H.M. Brig Rolla]
[Period Copy of Hall’s Letter to the Editor of the United Service Gazette, Regarding the West African Slave Trade, Titled:] The Present Slave Trade; Stating only a Tithe of Its Horrors. By an Eye-Witness.

Ca. 1840. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). Brown ink on Stacey Wise laid paper watermarked “1840”. 4 pp. Unsigned, but written in a very legible hand. Fold marks, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good manuscript.
The exact (apart from several words or grammatical forms) period copy of Commander Hall’s letter which was first published in the United Service Gazette (January 1843) and later in Rev. S.A. Walker’s “Missions in Western Africa among the Soosos, Bulloms, etc…” (London-Dublin, 1845, pp. 76-77). Hall commanded HMS Rolla at Cape of Good Hope and West coast of Africa in 1838-1842. He didn’t succeed in capturing many slave ships, but assisted in liberating slaves from several barracoons on shore at the Gallinas River (Sierra Leone), as well as destroying eleven large slave barracoons belonging to the white piratical slave dealers (see more: The Friend of Africa, London, October 1842, p. 156). The letter vividly describes the mechanism of West African Slave trade, huge profits made by traders, mode of transportation on slave ships, horrible conditions of slaves, et al.
“The cruel, unfeeling and heartless Slave Traders, or their agents, reside at the most convenient places at or near the Slaving Towns, or villages on the W. Coast of Africa, and have generally large, expensive establishments in the shape of barracoons for from 500 to 1000 men slaves to live in; others for women and boys, with comfortable Dwelling Houses and every luxury for themselves. They have also Factories, or Storehouses containing quantities of Slave goods, the only inland barter for Slaves. <…> The slaving piratical vessels which run across the Atlantic for Cargoes of Slaves sail very fast and are generally armed with large Guns, for the express purpose of killing and wounding the Seamen and sinking the Boat belonging to the British Cruisers showing at the time no flag of any nation. On their making to the Slave Coast where they are bound to, they immediately, night or day, communicate with the shore, by means of light canoes <…>, when they immediately make sail off the land, and at the appointed time stand I close to the beach <…> They have certain information where the [British] cruisers are on the coast, their sailing qualities to a nicety, having scouts along the coast and communication kept up by signals, fires, smokes and small kroo canoes which pull along shore very fast, giving timely notice of the approach of a Man of War.
The inducements to the Slave dealers are very great, if at all successful they realize a profit of 180 to 200 per cent and upwards. <…> The present System pursued in endeavouring to put down the Slave Trade by Cruisers is attended with great risk, anxiety and loss of life, with heavy expenses to the Country - it is also attended with unspeakable horrors and unutterable sufferings to the poor unfortunate Slaves who are doomed for exportation. They are frequently for months (from a man of war blockading the Slaving place) kept in a state of mere starving existence in the Barracoons on shore; from the heavy expense of feeding them, many are starved to death, chained together by the neck, in gangs from 12 to 20, or shackled by the legs in pairs. On an opportunity offering, they are shipped off in an exhausted, inanimate state, and packed in a Slaver’s hold nearly in bulk, when their miseries or sufferings increase, as they are deprived of fresh air, and almost deprived of Water, which they did not feel the want of in the Barracoons…
The articles made expressly for the Slave Trade are of the worst possible manufacture – the rum is horrible and drives the natives mad, the muskets burst to pieces in their hands, and the tobacco is made of the worst ingredients possible. The most worthless articles are exported, for which the natives are charged a very exorbitant price. Every possible imposition is practised on the poor, much benighted African; and debased in intellect to the lowest grade by the white piratical slave dealers, the scourge and curse of Africa, and to the utter disgrace of any thing in the shape of a human Being.”


TEMPLER, Charles Bertram, Major (1860-1931)
[Album of Six Original Watercolours of South Africa, with two Watercolour Views taken at the coast of Normandy, France].

Ca. 1923. Oblong Folio (27,5x37,5 cm). 4 card leaves. Eight watercolours mounted on recto and verso of the card album leaves, each ca. 17,5x25 cm (7x10 in). All watercolours captioned in ink on lower margins of the album leaves, signed “CBT” and dated in the lower left or right corners of the drawings. Period style black half sheep with brown cloth boards. Card mounts slightly age toned, otherwise a very good album.
An album of interesting watercolours of South Africa created by Major C.B. Templer of the Indian Army, 19th Regiment of Bengal Lancers (Fane’s Horse). He served in India in 1880-1893 and took part in the second Mirazai Expedition of 1891. During his service with the 19th Lancers Templer participated in the horse races and was the first holder of the Indian Grand National Trophy (Some reminiscences of Indian Sport// The Field, The Country Gentleman's Newspaper, Christmas 1922, p. 5). After the end of his career Templer lived in Execliff (Exmouth), actively travelled around Europe and also visited South Africa.
The watercolours, dated December 1922-March 1923 include two views of Cape Town’s Sea Point area showing the Lion’s Head Mountain, Camps Bay and Twelve Apostles mountain range. Three watercolours taken near George (Western Cape Province) show the George Peak (Outeniqua Mountains), historic Montagu Pass and a pine plantation in the town’s vicinity. There is also a humorous portrait of a rickshaw in Johannesburg with the commentary: “A Conveyance much used by the Dutch in Jo'burg, something after the style of the Indian Jin-Rickoshaw! The men with them wear fantastic costumes!!!” The album additionally contains two later watercolours (dated July 1923) depicting an island commune of Mont Saint Michel in Normandy and a coastal view, apparently also in France. Overall a very good album with unusual views of South Africa.


[Original Watercolour Showing a Nubian with his Camel].

Ca. 1850. Watercolour ca. 25x35 cm (10x14 in). Fine matted watercolour captioned with the title. A little soiled around edge of mat, otherwise a very good watercolour.
A fine watercolour by a unknown British artist, perhaps an explorer or traveller. "Northern Nubia was brought under Egyptian control while the south came under the control of the Kingdom of Sennar in the 16th century. The entire region would come under Egyptian control during the rule of Mehemet Ali in the early 19th century, and later became a joint Anglo-Egyptian condominium" (Wikipedia).


ESTCOURT, James Bucknall (1802-1855)
[Collection of an Original Watercolour, an Ink and a Pencil Sketch of the Bay of Tangier].

Ca. 1825. Each on separate album leaf, one double-page. Image sizes 55x21 cm (21 ½ x 8 ¼ in); 25,5x20 cm (10x8 in); 28x19,5 cm (11 x 7 ¾ in). All captioned in ink with the same hand on verso. This group is in very good condition.
The group includes a watercolour panoramic view of Tangier Bay captioned "№ 15 & 16. Two views of the point of Malabat. Tanjir Bay. The Light House and Isla at Tarifa. The bank of sand which unites the Isla to the main land" (with the second description regarding view № 16 not present here). The view shows Cape Malabata (6 miles east of Tangier) facing the Strait of Gibraltar; the mentioned lighthouse still exists. The Isla de Tarifa (modern La Isla de las Palomas) is the island opposite the town of Tarifa at the southern end of the Punta de Tarifa, the southern most point of the Iberian Peninsula.
The second view of Tangier Bay is in pencil and captioned "The Castle and port of the Fortifications of Tanjirs taken from the harbour." There is also a smaller monochrome brownish watercolour and ink sketch captioned "A View from the top of the British Vice Consul’s House in Tetuan" and dated "Jan. [?]th 1825." Tetouan is a city in northern Morocco, one of the two major ports of Morocco on the Mediterranean Sea. It lies a few miles south of the Strait of Gibraltar, and about 40 mi (60 km) east of Tangier. Historical Text Archive on-line notes that in 1825 the post of British vice-consul in Tetuan was held by a Moroccan Jew Salvador D. Hassan, who also acted as Consul of Portugal and Italy.
Estcourt "purchased a commission as ensign in the 44th foot on 13 July 1820, exchanging on 7 June 1821 into the 43rd foot (Monmouthshire light infantry) before purchasing promotion to lieutenant (9 December 1824) and captain (5 November 1825). Estcourt served with the regiment, which formed part of Lieutenant-General Sir William Clinton's division sent to garrison towns in Portugal (1826-7) during disruption over the succession to the throne. He appears then to have returned with the 43rd to Gibraltar, before sailing for Plymouth and, in 1832, Ireland. From January 1835 until June 1837, he was second in command to Colonel F. R. Chesney during his expedition to the Euphrates valley, which sought to prove that the river was navigable from within overland reach of the Mediterranean to its mouth on the Persian Gulf, thus shortening the journey to India. Despite a torrid period, during which one steamer was wrecked and twenty lives lost at Basrah on 31 August 1836, Estcourt produced a detailed report for Chesney, anticipating ‘no difficulties’ in passage during the ‘season of high water’, provided that accurate knowledge of the deep channel and a vessel of suitable length were acquired. He was less sure about the ‘low season’, owing to lack of information, though he was confident that local Arabs would not be hostile, once they became used to the steamers" (Oxford DNB). This collection was obviously made from Estcourt first posting in Gibraltar.


LACE, Captain Ambrose
[Historically Important Collection of Four Autograph Letters from the Correspondence of Liverpool Slave Trader Ambrose Lace, Who Took Active Part in the Slave Trade in the Coastal Town of Old Calabar (Modern-Day Nigeria). The Letters Contain Information on the Calabar Massacre of 1767, and Enslavement of Two Relatives of Grandy King George (the Ruler of Old Calabar), Including Two Letters from Native African Slave Traders - Grandy King George and His Brother Ephraim Robin John, One Letter from Ambrose Lace to Famous Liverpool Slave Trader Thomas Jones, and One from another Slave Trader Madden Stationed in Calabar to Lace].

Old Calabar, 28 November 1768; “Ould Town, Ould Calabar”, 13 January 1773; Liverpool, 11 November 1773; “Old Town Calabar,” 24 December 1775. Four original manuscript letters, respectively ca. 31,5x20 cm (12 ½ x 7 ¾ in), ca. 25x18,5 (9 ¾ x 7 ¼ in), ca. 30,5x18,5 cm (12 x 7 ¼ in), and ca. 24x20,5 cm (9 ½ x 8 in). 1,5, 3, 2 and 1 pp. Of text. Brown or black ink on watermarked laid paper. One letter addressed on the last blank page. Fold marks, paper age toned, one letter with the lower quarter detached but present and with mild foxing, one letter with the left lower corner detached but present, some minor tears with old repairs, edges slightly brittle but overall a very good important collection of letters.
Historically significant collection of four original 18th century letters – primary documents on the history of the West African slave trade in Old Calabar in the Bight of Biafra (Gulf of Guinea, modern-day southern Nigeria). Written by or addressed to Ambrose Lace, one of the most important slave traders in Liverpool in the second half of the 18th century, the letters contain fascinating details of the story that unfolded after the notorious Calabar massacre in June 1767. At that time seven British slave ships took the side of one of the rival parties of influential Efik slave traders who were based in the Old and New Towns on the banks of the lower Calabar River, and participated in a large-scale ambush when about four hundred residents – or basically all principal slave traders - of the Old Town “party” were killed or enslaved. Ambrose Lace was a participant of the conspiracy, with the slave ship “Edgar” under his command. The ruler of the Old Town Grandy King George was on board the “Edgar” during the massacre and managed to escape by jumping overboard and swimming on shore, but his brother Little Ephraim Robin John and nephew Ancona Robin Robin John were taken slaves by the Captain of another slave ship, “Duke of York,” and sold in the Caribbean. In the course of their attempts to return home during the next five years Little Ephraim and Ancona Robin were sold again to Virginia, brought to England, contacted several influential slave traders they knew – including Thomas Jones from Liverpool, argued their case to Lord Mansfield, Lord Chief Justice of England, became ardent Methodists and close associates of Charles Wesley, and eventually returned home where they resumed their slave trade occupation, and at the same time encouraged the arrival of the first Christian missionaries to Old Calabar.
The letters give a vivid description of the events following the massacre, firstly a quick and irreversible collapse of the slave trade in the Old Town. An interesting previously unknown letter by a slave trader Madden to Ambrose Lace written in Old Calabar in November 1768, states: “I don’t know what to say, but complain of the times, for certain it is the Never ware so Bad as now. <…> Sons & Daughters & wives going off in every ship for my part god knows what I shall do. <…> Except Willy I get no slaves from anybody <…> Coming around has done me much harm as he is at my coppers now & thinks he has a right to go away before me though at the same time he has not purchased his many slaves as I have done. By a number I have sent him 10 slaves to help of his tenour. My market in America is quite soft & has been out of my power to make greater despatch. <…> Slaves scarce and very dear. I am much afraid of your money this year…” Madden also leaves an colourful description of the attire of African female slaves: “the young women wear a […?] or girdle made from the rovings of worsted caps the colours blue red and white are kept separate and then twisted when it is something larger than a man’s finger it is passed round the loins and knotted in the front the ende forming a tuft, with the exception of an ornament they are in a state of nudity.”
The other three letters closely relate to the fate of the enslaved Little Ephraim and Ancona Robin, the first one being written by Lace to his fellow Liverpool slave trader Thomas Jones. Lace was asked to confirm the identities of captures “African princes” who were then held in prison in Bristol, so he elaborates on their relations with Grandy King George, and also mentions another son of the King whom Lace brought to England for studies and supported for two years. The second letter was written by Grandy King George in creole English and addressed to Lace; the King complained about British slave traders who mistreated him and desperately tried to restore his lost influence and diminishing trade:
“Marchant Lace, Sir, I take this opertunety of Wrighting to you and to aquant you of the behaveor of Sum ships Lately in my water there was Capt Bishop of Bristol and Capt. Jackson of Liverpool laying in the river when Capt Sharp arived and wanted to purchese his cargo as I supose he ought to do but this Bishop and Jackson cunsoulted not to let him slave with out he payed the same Coomey that thy did thy sent him out of the River so he went to the Camoroons and was away two munths then he arived in my water again and thy still isisted upon his paying the Coomey acordingly he did a Nuff to Blind them so I gave him slaves to his content and so did all my peeple, till he was full and is now ready to sail only weats for to have a fue afairs sattled and this sail be don before he sails to his sattisfection, and now he may very well Laffe at them that was so much his Enemeys before […] Lace if you Send ship to my water again Send good man all same your Self or same marchant black, No Send ould man or man want to be grandy man, if he want to be grandy-man let he stand home for marchant one time, no let him com heare… <..>
Marchant Lace send good ship and make me grandy again for war take two much copper from me…”
The third letter written in Old Calabar by Little Ephraim Robin John and addressed to Captain Lace indicates that the “princes” returned to Calabar and resumed their slave trade operations: “Captain Lace I take this opportunity to write to you by Captain Jolly that letter you send me by Sharp you did not put your name (I want to know weather you be angry for my father) [crossed out]. As for Captain Sharp I will do anything hys in my power to obliged you when Captain Cooper comes let him guns enough I want 2 Gun for every slave I sell father [sic!] we don’t want Iron and only 2 for one slave. S.P. Remember me to your wife.”
Until recently, the only way to access and study the text of the three letters regarding the fate of the Robin Johns was through the pages of the fundamental history of Liverpool slave trade by Gomer Williams, where they were deciphered and published (Williams, G. History of the Liverpool Privateers and Letters of Marque, with an Account of the Liverpool Slave Trade. London-Liverpool, 1897). The book was based on numerous articles from the 18th century newspapers and original correspondence from several Liverpool private collections. After the location of most of them became uncertain, Williams’s “History of the Liverpool Privateers” became equal to a primary source on many of the aspects of the topic and has been reprinted several times (McGill University, 2004 and 2014 – with a Preface by D. Eltis; Cambridge, 2011; London, 2015 etc.). It was called “the best private compilation of primary materials we have on privateering and slave trading, not only from the port of Liverpool but from any British port. There are indeed few fields in which that can be said of a volume published over a century ago, and surely no authors today expect their work to have anything like such longevity, let alone status <…> [Williams] made heavy use of newspapers and drew on a considerable amount in private correspondence. As not all the material he used is still around more than a century later, Williams is now our only source for some of it – most noticeably the invaluable letters of slave trader Captain Ambrose Lace” [emphasis added] (Eltis, D. Preface/ [McGill University edition], 2004, p. Xiv-xv).
As Williams noted in his Preface and notes accompanying the text of the letters, they derived from the private collection of “the commander of the Edgar” (i.e. Ambrose Lace), and were studied in a private Liverpool collection – possibly belonging to one C.K. Lace (he was listed among the Liverpool collectors who opened their archives for Williams, and could be Ambrose Lace’s descendant) (Please see: Williams, G. [1st edition], London-Liverpool, 1897, pp. ix and 538). Apparently, the letters later changed owners and eventually appeared on antique market, thus escaping the attention of historians.
Overall a very interesting historically significant collection, giving a personal, insider’s outlook on the history of West African slave trade in the 18th century, including rare documents written by native African slave traders.
“By 1790 [Ambrose Lace] had spent about forty years in the trade, first as a crewman, then as a captain, and finally as he owner of slave ships. As a captain, he transported over 2700 Africans to slave colonies in the Americas. During those voyages over 450 died <…> As an owner, he invested in the transport of over 15,400 men, women, and children, of whom only about 12,600 arrived in the New World” (Sparks, Randy J. The two princes of Calabar: an eighteenth-century Atlantic odyssey. Harvard University Press, 2004, p. 26). See also: Lovejoy, P.E., Richardson, D. Letters of the Old Calibar Slave Trade, 1760-1789// Genius in Bondage: Literature of the Early Black Atlantic. University of Kentucky, 2001, pp. 89-115.


LANDER, John (1807-1839)
[Autograph Letter Signed "John Lander" to William Jerdan, the Editor of the “Literary Gazette,” Talking about his Dream to go to Timbuktu, and that his “heart is in Africa & has been for years, & until I get there such is my taste, I don't think I shall enjoy a day's happenings”].

[London], Customs, 15 August 1838. Bifolium manuscript letter ca 17,5x11 cm (7 x 4 ½ in), one page of text in brown ink on white wove paper, addressed and docketed on verso of the second leaf, with original black wax seal. Letter housed in a recent blue cloth custom portfolio with red gilt lettered morocco title label. The letter is in very good condition and in written in a legible hand.
An interesting letter by notable African explorer John Lander, who together with his elder brother Richard Lander became the first European to determine the course of the lower Niger River – a tantalizing question for the European scientific and trade communities since Mungo Park’s first attempts in the late 18th century. Lander is writing to the famous editor of “The Literary Gazette” William Jerdan (1782-1869) – his Scottish countryman whom Lander obviously knew closely. In August 1834, after Richard Lander’s death during his third expedition to the Niger River (he was killed in a skirmish in the Niger delta on February 6, 1834), “The Literary Gazette” wrote about a meeting of the council in the Lander’s hometown of Truro where it was decided to erect a column in the memory of the perished explorer (Tribute to the Landers// The Literary Gazette and Journal of Belles Lettres. No. 915. Saturday, August 2, 1834, p. 532). Although John Lander hoped he would return to Africa, he never did and died a year later after this letter had been written, allegedly from a illness contracted in Africa.
"My Dear Sir, I have to thank you which I do with unaffected sincerity, for the kindness you shewed my wee wife during my unfortunate absence from London. I have just returned from Cornwall, where I followed the "last of my brothers" to the grave. For my part had it not been for the sake of my better half, I should now be on my way to Timbuctoo. As it is, were the government to provide for her in case of my death, I should not hesitate a moment about taking this step. My heart is in Africa & has been for years, & until I get there such is my taste, I don't think I shall enjoy a day's happenings. With my best wishes, I am dear Sir, Yours very faithfully, John Lander."
"John Lander was the younger brother of Cornish explorer Richard Lemon Lander and accompanied him on his first expedition to western Africa. The Lander brothers were sons of a Truro innkeeper. While Richard went to sea at a young age, John learned the printing trade. In 1830 the brothers went on an expedition to determine the course of the Niger River. They landed at Badagry in present-day Nigeria, took Clapperton's route to Bussa, then ascended the river for 160 kilometres before descending to explore the Benue River and the Niger Delta. They returned to Britain in 1831. Richard returned to the Niger in 1832, but John took a job in a London customs house instead. He died some years later, of a disease he had contracted in Africa" (Wikipedia).


CLAPPERTON, Hugh (1788-1827)
[Two Important Autograph Letters Signed "Hugh Clapperton" from the Start of His Last Expedition to the River Niger; [WITH]: An Aquatint Portrait of Hugh Clapperton; [AND WITH]: an 8-page “Memoir of the Late Captain Clapperton”].

Sierra Leone and Badagry (Nigeria), 25 October and 5 December 1825. Two Quarto bifolia manuscript letters each ca. 24,5x20 cm (9 ½ x 8 in), 1 and 2 pp. Respectively, brown ink on white wove paper, both with “CANSTELL 1824” watermark. Aquatint: John Murray, 1828, ca. 23x17 cm (9 ¼ x 6 ¾ in) mounted on brown cardstock. Unbound titled “Memoir of The Late Captain Clapperton”: 1828, 8 pp., ca. 21,5x13 cm (8 ½ x 5 in). All housed in a recent blue cloth custom made portfolio with a red gilt morocco label. Letters with fold marks, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good collection.
Two original historically important letters by famous explorer of the River Niger and West Africa, Hugh Clapperton written during his last expedition, which would end with the death of all its European members except for Clapperton’s servant Richard Lander. The letters were written on board H.M.S. “Brazen” off the coast of Sierra Leone, and in the Nigerian coastal town of Badagry, shortly before Clapperton’s party moved inland towards the Niger River and further north to the Sokoto Caliphate. Addressed to the officials of the British Admiralty (one possibly to Captain William Henry Smyth, 1788-1865), the letters talk about Clapperton’s plans and the progress of his expedition, his decision to proceed to the country of Nyffe on the east bank of the Niger, and to send Dr. Dickson to the Kingdom of Dahomey (one of two surgeons of the expedition who was killed on the way). In the second letter Clapperton shares the information received from the locals that River Niger “after passing Nyffe and country called Tappa enters the sea at Benin” – the idea that occupied the minds of European geographers since 18th century and was not proved until Lander brothers’ expedition of 1830. Clapperton could not prove it himself as he moved north to Sokoto and died there of illness in April 1827. The collection is supplemented with an unbound “Memoir of the late Captain Clapperton” (published in: The Mirror of Literature, Amusement & Instruction. Vol. XI, London, 1828, pp. i-viii), and an aquatint portrait of Hugh Clapperton from the first edition of the account of his expedition (Journal of a Second Expedition into the Interior of Africa, from the Bight of Benin to Soccatoo… London, 1829). Overall a very interesting historically significant collection.
"Immediately after his return Clapperton was raised to the rank of commander, and sent out with another expedition to Africa, the sultan Bello of Sokoto having professed his eagerness to open up trade with the west coast. Clapperton came out on HMS Brazen, which was joining the West Africa Squadron for the suppression of the slave trade. He landed at Badagry in the Bight of Benin, and started overland for the Niger on 7 December 1825, having with him his servant Richard Lemon Lander, Captain Pearce, and Dr. Morrison, navy surgeon and naturalist. Before the month was out Pearce and Morrison were dead of fever. Clapperton continued his journey, and, passing through the Yoruba country, in January 1826 he crossed the Niger at Bussa, the spot where Mungo Park had died twenty years before. In July he arrived at Kano. Thence he went to Sokoto, intending afterwards to go to Bornu. The sultan, however, detained him, and being seized with dysentery he died near Sokoto. Clapperton was the first European to make known from personal observation the Hausa states, which he visited soon after the establishment of the Sokoto Empire by the Fula. In 1829 appeared the Journal of a Second Expedition into the Interior of Africa, &c., by the late Clapperton, to which was prefaced a biographical sketch of the explorer by his uncle, Lieut.-colonel S. Clapperton. Richard Lemon Lander, who had brought back the journal of his master, also published Records of Captain Clapperton's Last Expedition to Africa... With the subsequent Adventures of the Author (2 volumes, London, 1830)" (Wikipedia).
First Letter:
"H. M. Ship Brazen S. Leone 25 Octr. 1825,
My Dear Smyth [Captain Smyth R.N., the Admiralty],
Here we are and have been for four days and sail tomorrow. We are all well and very busy. This place has got a very bad character, very undeservedly if I may judge from the little I have seen of it. It is as good as any tropical colony I have seen for wealth. True under the late governor there were fine works and pretty pickings, an unfinished church, cost 8000 [pounds] the bare walls, however if this one lives things will be better managed and the colony improved rapidly. Excuse this short scrawl but remembers me to Mrs. S. And all my friends and believe me Dear Smith,
Yours Truly Hugh Clapperton
Captn. Smyth R.N. Admiralty H.C."

Second Letter:
"Badagry, North Bank of the River Lagos,
Decr. 5 1825
My Dear Sir,
We landed from the Brazen on the 30th of last month and proceed into the interior on the 7th and I hope you will here from me in Nyffe on the east bank of the Niger in a month after. I was induced to start from this place as the nearest to the Kingdom of Eyeo of which it is a dependency & the route by the present route by Benin would have brought us through Eyeo and nearly back to this place instead of going in a direct line to Nyffe. Mr. Dickson I dispatched to the King of Dahomey when at Whydah to ask him for a passage through his dominions, an opportunity having offered of doing so which I thought too good a thing to be lost. <…> I have sent him directions to follow me or to go on from Dahomey and join me in Eyeo. There are a number of people here from Haussa and other parts of the interior by whom I am informed that the country called here Eyeo is the Yoriba of the Arabs which I have every reason to believe is the truth. Nyffe is thirty days from this place and that Quorra or Niger after passing Nyffe and country called Tappa enters the sea at Benin. This information I hope you will not consider my taking too great a liberty with you invoking you to communicate to Mr. Barrow to whom I shall write from Nyffe on the banks of his favourite stream. Columbus is so unwell from an unfortunate disorder he got before he left London that he is unable to accompany us at present and remains on board the Brazen. I have given freedom to an Arab of Bornou who I found here a slave and going to be sold to a Brazilian brig slaving here. This man will arrive in his place at present and show those people in the interior our good feelings towards them. Before I left London I asked Lord Bathurst to recommend my brother. Thanks to Lord Melville to the first vacant quartermaster ship of marines which I hope you with the same kindness you have always done second the recommendation and believe me with the most sincere respect and regard Hugh Clapperton."


RITCHIE, Joseph (ca. 1788-1819)
[Interesting Autograph Letter to John Whishaw, Secretary of the African Institution, Written at the Beginning of Ritchie's Ill-Fated Expedition to Africa, to Introduce Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, who was a son of the Prime Minister of the Pasha of Tripoli, and Later Would Become the Pasha’s Foreign Minister, and Additionally he was Later also Connected to the Fate of Alexander Laing].

Marseilles, 28 August 1818. Quarto (ca. 25,5x19,5 cm). 1 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Mild fold marks and light chipping of the top margin, ink slightly faded, but overall a very good legible letter.
Rare historically important letter by Joseph Ritchie, an English surgeon and African explorer, written during his ill-fated expedition to Northern Africa in 1818-1819, which tried to ascertain the course of the Niger and the location of the fabled Timbuktu. Ritchie and George Lyon followed the route of Frederick Hornemann’s expedition of 1797, crossing the Sahara via Murzuq. “The expedition was underfunded, lacked support and because of the ideas of Barrow departed from Tripoli and thus had to cross the Sahara as part of their journey. A year later, due to much officialdom they had only got as far as Murzuk, the capital of Fezzan, where they both fell ill. Ritchie never recovered and died there” (Wikipedia).
The letter, written in Marseille shortly before Ritchie's departure for Malta was addressed to John Whisham (1764-1840), the secretary of the African Institution and the biographer of Mungo Park. Ritchie introduced to him 'Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, a Tripolitan who has passed some time in this Town - & son of the present Minister of the Pacha. I am anxious in some measure to repay the Services which he has rendered me during a tedious detention here (waiting for a passage to Malta) by giving me much useful information respecting Africa; the interest which has been so kindly taken in the Attempt I am about to make, emboldens me to hope that his liberality & goodness will be well-appreciated in England'.
Hassuna D’Ghies was appointed the foreign minister of the Pasha of Tripoli in 1825. He “came from a wealthy merchant family with commercial interests in Ghadamis, Fazzan, and various European countries. Having spent seven years in London and Paris on business and diplomatic missions, he was familiar with European ways. [British consul in Tripoli] Warrington, who had most to lose from Hassuna D’Ghies insistence on conducting business with the consuls in a way which prevented their intervention in local affairs, used the death near Timbuktu in 1826 of the English explorer Major Laing as an occasion to force the pasha to dismiss his foreign minister. <…> Warrington claimed, without any substantial evidence, that Laing’s assassination had been plotted by the Pasha and D’Ghies, that the latter had given Laing’s papers to the French consul in return for a forty per cent reduction of a debt which he owed him and that Caillie had never set foot in Timbuktu and the diary he had published under his name was compiled from Laing’s papers.” As a result in 1829 D’Ghies was announced by the pasha responsible for Laing’s death and replaced as foreign minister by his brother Muhammed (Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. A history of the Maghrib in the Islamic period. Cambridge University Press, 1993, p. 202).
Ritchie was involved into scientific and literary circles of London. He foretold the exceptional literary future of John Keats, and “possibly from some association of ‘Endymion’ with the Mountains of the Moon, promised to carry a copy of the poem with him to Africa and fling it into the midst of the Sahara” (Oxford DNB).


BARTH, Heinrich (1821-1865)
[Two Historically Important Expedition Autograph Letters Signed "Yours Most Truely Dr. Barth" from Tejerri and Murzuk (Libya) to Frederic Warrington (British Consul in Murzuk) and Richard Reade (British Acting Consul in Tripoli) Describing Barth’s Experiences and Impressions on His Expedition to Timbuktu; With: A Mounted Carte-de-Visite Photograph of Heinrich Barth.]

Tejerri 5 July 1855 and Mourzuk 19 July 1855. Two bifolia manuscript letters each ca. 21,5x13 cm (8 ½ x 5 in), respectively four & two pp. of text in English, in brown ink on white wove paper. The second letter docketed on verso of the second leaf “1855, 19 July. Dr. Barth to R. Reade Private.” With a carte-de-visite albumen photograph ca. 8,5x5,5 cm (3 ¼ x 2 in) mounted on original cardstock by “Hermann Guenther, Hof-Photograph, Berlin.” Letters housed in two blue custom-made cloth portfolios with red gilt morocco cover labels titled “DR. H. BARTH AFRICA EXPLORER A.L.S. 1855” and “DR. H. BARTH AFRICA EXPLORER A.L.S. MOURZUK 1855.” One letter with minor holes from ink slightly affecting one word, otherwise a very good pair of letters.
Two extensive content rich, rare “expedition” letters authored by the famous explorer of Sahara and Central Africa. Heinrich Barth. The letters written within a two-week period describe the last leg of his epic expedition to the Sahara Desert, Lake Chad and Timbuktu in 1850-1855. The first letter was written in Tejerry (an oasis south of modern-day Quatrun village, Murzuk district, southern Fezzan province of Libya, on the main road to Chad and Niger) and addressed to Frederic Warrington, British Consul in Murzuk in 1854-55. The second letter was written two weeks later in Murzuk (oasis and a major city in the Sahara Desert, southwestern Libya) and addressed to Richard Reade, long-time British diplomat in Tripoli who served as acting consul at the time (1855-56). The letters talk about Barth’s 48-day journey to Tejerry from Kuka, the capital of the Kanem-Bornu Empire near Lake Chad (now Kukawa, northeastern Nigeria) – it was Barth to became the first European to visit Kukawa in 1851; they also mention his travel companion Adolf Overweg (a German geologist who circumnavigated Lake Chad and died from an illness near the lake in 1852), G.W. Crowe (British Agent and Consul General in Tripoli), Osman F. Warrington, vice-consul in Misurata in 1854-57, and others. Very evocative are Barth’s repeated notes on his desire of a bottle of wine – at first, he pleads with Frederic Warrington to get one, and then mentions to Richard Reade that he hopes to get one in Misurata, since Warrington could not find it. Large parts of both letters share the news of the travel plans and achievements of Edward Vogel, a leader of the subsidiary party sent by the British government after the death of James Richardson and include recommendations on how to arrange delivery of letters and supplies to Vogel. Barth mentions Vogel’s travel to Yakoba (the capital of the Bauchi kingdom), and his plans to go to the Waday Empire (Ouaddai, modern-day eastern Chad) where Vogel would be killed in 1856. The letters are supplemented with a rare studio photo portrait of Barth. Overall a historically important collection shedding light on the final days of Barth’s expedition to Central Africa.
The Central African Mission of 1850 led by James Richardson (1809-1851), a “Malta-based agent of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society” aimed to “open ‘regular and secure’ communications between the Mediterranean and the River Niger. Accompanying Richardson was a young German professor, Dr. Heinrich Barth, and another German, Dr. Adolph Overweg, both of them travelling in the service of the British government. The party left Tripoli in March 1850, explored the Garian hills, crossed the Hammadah al-Hamra to Murzuk, and then went down to Ghat. After passing through the district of Air to Agades, the party split up. While Barth went on to Kano, Richardson marched eastwards, but died of fever before he could reach his destination. Barth and Overweg then explored the country to the north, west, and south of Lake Chad but in August 1852 Overweg died. Barth turned westwards and travelled through Sokoto to Timbuctu, which he reached in September the following year. He stayed there six months and returned to Tripoli in September 1855. His magnificent achievement is described in methodical detail in his monumental five-volume Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa which covers the geography, ethnology, history and languages of the Sahara and the western Sudan. On his return from Timbuctu he had net a subsidiary British mission led by Dr. Edward Vogel, at Kukawa, west of Lake Chad. Vogel, also German, had left Tripoli in 1853 and had travelled via Murzuk, making botanical and zoological studies on the way. He was killed in Wadai on the orders of the Sultan in 1856” (Wright, J. A History of Libya. London, 2012, p. 90).


26. [AFRICA]
ROHLFS, Friedrich Gerhard (1831-1896)
[Autograph Letter in German Signed "Gerhard Rohlfs" Dated at New York 29 Nov. 1875 and Addressed to most Likely his American Agent Regarding two Lectures Rohlfs is Planning in the United States; With: A Carte de Visite Sized Albumen Photograph of Rohlfs ca. 1875 (9 x 5.5 cm) Signed in Black ink on Bottom of the Original Paper Mount].

Letter, Octavo (ca. 20,5x12,5 cm). 2 pp. Purple ink on grayish lined wove paper mounted into a larger sheet of paper. Photograph also mounted in a larger sheet of paper. Fold marks, but both items overall in very good condition.
This interesting letter from Rohlfs' 1875 visit to the United States, mentions various topics of interest for his proposed lectures there, including his travels in Morocco, where he crossed the Atlas Mountains and visited the Oases of Draa, Tafilet and Tuat and his travels from the Mediterranean via Lake Chad to the Gulf of Guinea. In 1865-1867, Rohlfs was the first European to travel from Tripoli across the Sahara via Lake Chad and then along the Niger River to its mouth on the Gulf of Guinea. Rohlfs trip to the United States followed shortly after his return from his latest expedition in Egypt where together with Georg August Schweinfurth he "Ascend[ed] the Nile from Alexandria to Asyut to carry out an exploration of the Western Desert. This well-planned enterprise was intended to provide detailed information on the Sahara, its inhabitants, geography and botany, and was backed by a team of eminent scientists" (Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, R28).


FRIES, Laurent (c.1485-1532) & WALDSEEMUELLER, Martin (1470-1518)
[Map of the Holy Land Titled:] Tabula Nova Terrae Sanctae.

Vienna: G. Treschel, 1541. Woodcut map ca. 24x41,5 cm (9 ½ x 16 ½ in) with the title printed above. Map with large blank margins and original centrefold, some minor worming on outer edges of blank margins, a couple of mild small stains, but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
"This map of the Holy Land is based on the first 'modern' depiction of Palestine by Sanuto-Vesconte in 1320. The area is divided among the Twelve Tribes of Israel. The coast is oriented with east at the top, in a configuration that set the standard for maps of the region for the next 150 years. This edition, published in Vienna by Gaspar Trechsel, is a re-issue of the 1535 edition edited by Michael Servetus, but with the 'heretical' remarks about Palestine on the verso cautiously omitted, and without the banner title. Blank verso" (Old World Auctions); Laor 614.


DICKER, F.H. (Bert)
[Original Watercolour, Titled]: Shopping on the Tigris.

1919. Watercolour on paper, ca. 26x42,5 cm (ca. 10 ¼ x 16 ¾ in). Initialed and dated in the right lower corner of the watercolour and titled in pencil on verso. Paper mildly browned, two repaired tears on the upper part of the watercolour, but overall a very good painting.
This scenic watercolour showing local merchants and inhabitants engaged in commerce with boats on the Tigris River in the background was likely created by a soldier in the 5th battalion, of the East Surrey Regiment which was engaged in the military operations on the Tigris and Southern Kurdistan as a part of the Mesopotamian Expeditionary force. “The 5th and 6th Battalions of The East Surrey Regiment were not to see service on the Western Front. They embarked for India in October 1914 and were employed on garrison duties in the United Provinces and the Punjab for two years. The 5th Battalion then joined the Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force and took part in the operations on the Tigris, while the 6th Battalion left India for a twelve month tour of duty with the Aden Field Force. This Battalion returned from India for demobilization in 1919, but the 5th Surreys, who were engaged on active operations in Southern Kurdistan until late December, did not reach home until February 1920. Both were resuscitated in 1921 with the rest of the TA. In the late 1930s the 5th Bn converted to Royal Artillery and in 1939 the 6th Bn, which by then was over 1200 strong, was divided into the 1/6th and 2/6th Surreys." (Project Gutenberg).


Ta’likat Mir Sayyid Sharif fi sharh-e shamsiya [Commentaries of Mir Sayyid Sharif in Shamsiya Explanation].

Tehran (?), n.d. Commentaries added in 1283 H. [1866]. Octavo (ca. 22x16,5 cm). Lithographed edition. 48 unnumbered leaves. Text and commentaries on the margins in Arabic: main text in ruq’ah script, commentaries - in nastaaliq script. Weak typography stamp on verso of the first leaf. Pastedown endpapers are leaves from a different printed work, the front one includes lithographed portraits of a Persian warrior and a Persian lady. Period brown full sheep with worn paper title label on the spine. Binding weak on the front hinge, paper slightly age toned, otherwise a very good copy in very original condition.
Rare work with no copies found in Worldcat. Interesting 19th century Persian edition of “Sharh-u al-Risalah al-Shamsiyah” - a treatise on logic and religious philosophy, by a prominent Persian encyclopedic writer, theologist and astronomer Mir Sayyid Sharif. Born under the name of Zeinuddin Ali al-Gurgani in the Persian city of Astarabad, he became a professor of theology in Shiraz and a close friend of such outstanding Islamic theologians as Mulla al-Fanari (1350-1431) and Al-Taftazani (1322-1390). Al-Gurgani became known for his treatises on the purity and ideal concepts of conservative Islam, commentaries and remarks on Islamic law, and the problems of kalam (“Islamic scholastic theology”).
This book is Al-Gurgani’s commentary on the work by his friend, Qutb al-Din Muhammad (b. Muhammad al-Razi al-Tahtani; d. H 966/1364 AD), titled “Tahrir al-Qawa'id al-Mantiqiyah fi Sharh al-Risalah al-Shamsiyah” [Analysis of Logical Rules in the Explanation of al-Shamsiyah Letter], being itself a critical analysis of “al-Risalah al Shamsiyah” by Shams al-Din (d. H 780/1378 AD). Al-Gurgani’s book is supplemented with commentaries on the margins; the names of the calligraphers are mentioned, but not identified. The book deepens Islamic philosophical concepts, such as the meaning of primary idea, nature and components of knowledge, et al.


FERÂIZCIZÂDE, Mehmed Sa'it Efendi (d. 1835)
Tarih-i Gülşen-i Maarif [The History of Knowledge].

Istanbul: Dar üt-Tıbaat ül-Amire [Court Typ.], 1252 H. [1836]. First edition. Octavo (ca. 22,5x15 cm). 2 vols. 8, 847; [6], 850-1693 pp. (numbered in Eastern Arabic system). Text in Ottoman Turkish within printed border, first pages of text in both volumes decorated with traditional floral and geometric ornaments. Late 19th century Ottoman red quarter sheep with decorative stamped cloth boards and gilt lettered titles on the spines; marbled endpapers, all edges speckled. Bindings slightly rubbed on extremities, paper slightly age toned, an ink note on the last page of vol. 2, but overall a very good copy.
A grand Islamic historiographical work by a noted Ottoman historian and writer, presenting a comprehensive world history written from the Muslim perspective. The narration starts from the creation of the Universe, covering history of the first prophets, establishment of the Islamic Caliphate, history of the Ottoman Empire from Sultan Osman (1299) to Sultan Abdulhamid I (1774), et al. The book was published in the Ottoman court typography on the special order of Sultan Mahmud II (1785-1839), and was supported by the Ottoman Ministry of Education. Mehmed Sa’it Efendi dedicated ten years of research to his “Tarih-i Gülşen-i Maarif” which was based on several authoritative Ottoman historical works, including those by Hoca Sâdeddin Efendi (1536-1599), Râşid Mehmed Efendi (1670-1735), Süleyman İzzî (d. 1755) and others. Özege 6421.


Salname-i Nezaret-i Hariciye [A Yearbook of the Ottoman Foreign Ministry].

Constantinople [Istanbul]: Imp. Eb-uz-zia, 1302 H [1884]. First edition. Octavo (ca. 21,5x15,5 cm). 4, 630, [1] pp. (numbered in Eastern Arabic system). Text in Ottoman Turkish, the book includes: table of contents, title page with date of issue in Lunar and Solar hijri, Islamic calendar with sunsets and sunrises. Original publisher’s red full cloth with the gilt stamped seal of Sultan Abdulhamid II (1842-1918) on the front cover, gilt lettered title on the spine, and decorative blind stamped frames on both boards; new endpapers. Binding with minor mild water stains, paper slightly age toned, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare Ottoman imprint with only four paper copies found in Worldcat. First volume of the rare “yearbook” series published by the Ottoman Foreign Ministry (there were only four volumes issued in 1302, 1306, 1318 & 1320 H. – 1884/85, 1888/89, 1901/2, 1902/3 AD). First “Salnames” or yearbooks (from Persian “sal”- “year” and “nameh” - letter) of the Ottoman government were published in 1847 in course of the reforms of Reshit Pasha (1800-1858), and were based on the model of Gotha almanac; the publications were stopped in 1918. The first volume of “Salname-i Nezaret-i Hariciye” includes a brief note on the history of the Ottoman Ministry of Foreign Affairs and its predecessors Reis Efendis, a list of all sultans of the Ottoman Empire, their Grand Viziers, ministers and ambassadors; information on the latest events in the Empire’s international affairs, the most influential foreign countries, their governments, rulers (“hukumdars”), and ambassadors in the Ottoman Empire, et al. There are also extracts from the Ottoman government official papers, e.g. A relation by the Imperial Council (dated 1258 H/ 1842 AD), about the appointment of Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (1780-1859) as the Grand Vizier to Sultan Abdülmecit I (r. 1839-1861) (see p. 22).The almanac starts with tughra of Sultan Abdulhamid II and praises for him, and contains Islamic calendar with sunsets and sunrises. The book was printed by a well-known Ebüzziya typography, which was owned by Ebuzzia Tevfik Bey (1848-1913), bright Turkish writer, journalist and supporter of the Young Turks movement. “Salname-i Nezaret-i Hariciye” is a valuable source on history and foreign policy of the Ottoman Empire.
See more: Duman, H. Ottoman Yearbooks: Salname and Nevsal. Istanbul: Organisation of Islamic Conference, 1982. Ozege 6934; Duman 600.


AS-SUHRAWARDI, Ebünnecib Abdurrahman(1097-1168)
Nehcü’s-sülûkfî siyâseti’l-mülûk [The Right Path in the Policy of the Kings].

Cairo: Bulaq Typ., 1257 H. [1841]. First edition. Octavo (23,5x16 cm). 153 pp. (numbered in Eastern Arabic system). Text in Ottoman Turkish within a double border, first page decorated with traditional floral and geometric ornaments. Small ink owner’s stamps on recto and verso of the first page. Late 19th century Ottoman green quarter sheep with cloth boards and gilt lettered title on the spine; marbled papered endpapers. Binding rubbed on extremities, several minor scratches on the spine, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good copy.
Very rare Ottoman imprint with only three paper copies found in Worldcat. Collection of advice on political and military strategies, judicial system, and other spheres of public administration composed specially for Salah ad-Din Yusuf, or Saladin (1138-1193) – a great Muslim leader, the first sultan of Egypt and Syria who fought against European Crusaders and led Islamic reconquest of Jerusalem and other cities of the Holy Land. The author of the book, Sheikh Ebunnecib Abdurrahman ben Nazir ben Abdullah as-Sührawardî (sometimes named Şeyzeri Abdurrahman bin Nasr), was an Islamic historian, writer, an influential Sufi preacher, and one of the most prominent members of the Suhrawardiyya order. He studied Islamic law and theology in Baghdad and Isfahan, main centers of religious and political education at the time, and wrote “The Right Path” while Saladin’s official councillor. The original Arabic manuscript was translated into Turkish by Nahifi Mehmet Emin Efendi in 1788. “The Right Path” became a classical work intended for edification of a Muslim leader, and was greatly appreciated by Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid I (reign: 1773-89). Özege 15332.


HALID AL-BAGDADI, Mawlana Ziyaeddin (1779-1826)
Tercüme-yi Risale-yi Halidiye [Translation of Halidi Order Letters].

Cairo: Bulaq Typ., 1262 H. [1846]. Octavo (ca. 22,5x14,5 cm). 56 pp (numbered in Eastern Arabic system). Text in Ottoman Turkish within printed ornamental border, first page decorated with traditional floral and geometric ornaments. Period Ottoman green quarter sheep with black papered boards and gilt tooled ornaments on the spine. Binding slightly rubbed on extremities, paper slightly age toned, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare Ottoman imprint with only one paper copy found in Worldcat. Attractive copy of the Bulaq edition of an influential work by noted Sufi spiritual leader Mawlyana Ziyaeddin Halid al-Bagdadi. The book describes crucial doctrines and principles of the Halidi Sufi order, founded by Halid Al-Bagdadi and named after him, and continues to be the main source of “tasawwuf”, or Sufi praying, for its followers. The author was a prominent figure in Islamic culture and theology, a great murshid (spiritual guru), and the second Sufi mystic (after famous Jelaleddin Rumi, 1207-1273) who obtained a deeply respectable title of “Mawlyana”, or “Our Master”. He was also granted the title of sheikh in various Sufi schools. The Halidi branch of the Sufi order, which he established, very soon spread over Kurdistan and a large part of modern-day Iraq and Turkey, and due to its loyalty to the Ottoman Empire, played a major role in establishment of the global Islamic unity. The Bulaq edition was prepared by Mustafa ben Muhammed al-Murwi (d. 1862), one of the main editors in the typography. Page 55 contains the interpreter’s (Sherif Ahmet bin Ali) commentary on the original manuscript. Özege 20574.


IBN BATUTTA, Abu Abdullah Muhammad (1304-1377)
Rihlat-u Ibn Batutta, or Tukhfat-u al-Nuzzar fi ghara’ib al-Amsar wa aja’ib al-Asfar [Ibn Batutta’s Travels, or A Gift to Those Who Contemplate the Wonders of Cities and the Marvels of Travelling].

Cairo: Takaddum Typ., 1322 H. [1904]. Second edition. Octavo (ca. 22x13,5 cm). 2 parts bound together. 3, 256; 212 pp. (numbered in Eastern Arabic system). Text in Arabic, each part is started with a title page, and is supplemented with a table of contents. With numerous ink and pencil written commentaries in Arabic on the margins. Original publisher's navy blue full cloth with blind stamped ornaments on the boards, and a faded colour stamped title on the spine. Binding slightly rubbed and faded, paper slightly age toned, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare Arabic imprint with only one paper copy found in Worldcat. A famous account of Ibn Batutta’s travels, apparently dictated by him to his student al-Juzayy (1321-1357), and Andalusian scholar, writer and poet. Ibn Batutta’s was one of the greatest travelers of pre-modern times, who visited Spain, France, Persia, Syria, Mekka and Medina, Persian Gulf, Morocco, Ceylon, Sudan, India, and Russia. The original work was written in ca. 1354, at the suggestion of the Marinid ruler of Morocco, Abu Inan Faris (r. 1348-1358). Ibn Batutta’s picture of medieval civilization is still widely consulted today. Our edition was printed by Mustafa Fahmi, a well-known Egyptian bookseller, and the owner of at-Takaddum typography. In the end of the second volume there is an afterword by Ibn Juzayy, Ibn Batutta’s student who apparently wrote down the account of his travels.


DU BOUZET, Marquis Joseph Fidèle Eugène (1805-1867)
[Historically Important Archive of Sixty-Two Autograph Letters Signed by Marquis Du Bouzet to his Mother, Written While on Service in the French Navy in the Mediterranean and Describing the Events of the Greek War of Independence Including the Battle of Navarino (1827), the Morea Expedition (1828-1831), the Mediation of Turkey-Greece Negotiations, a Meeting with Egyptian Commander Pasha Ibrahim, and others; With Mentions of the Circumnavigation on the Frigate “Thétis” in 1824-26 under Command of Hyacinthe de Bougainville, which Du Bouzet Took Part in].

1826-1831. Toulon, Brest, Paris, Smyrna [Izmir], Milos, Navarino [Pylos], Alexandria, Aegina, Candia [Heraklion], and Nauplia [Nafplio], 23 June 1826 – 28 March 1831. Sixty-two ALS, ranging from ca. 16x10,5 cm (6 ½ x 4 ¼ in) to ca. 25,5x20 cm (10x8 in). Brown ink on white laid or wove paper, each letter two to six pages, in all over 200 pages of text; over thirty letters are addressed on verso of the second leaf, most of them additionally with postal stamps and remnants of the original seal. With a 20th century typescript with du Bouzet’s biography and his family genealogy (3 loose leaves), and a recent handwritten list of letters (three leaves). Letters housed in a 20th century maroon quarter cloth folder with marbled papered boards and maroon full cloth slipcase with gilt lettered title on the spine. Original fold marks, several letters with minor tears on extremities or minor holes after opening, a few letters with mildly faded ink, but overall a very good collection.
Very interesting historically important archive of letters written by a notable French naval officer, explorer and an important figure in the history of French Oceania Marquis Joseph Fidèle Eugène du Bouzet, with an eye-witness account of several major events of the Greek War of Independence (1821-32). The letters were written by du Bouzet in his twenties, as a young naval cadet and later enseigne de vaisseau (since October 29, 1826) serving on several ships of the French Mediterranean fleet (the letters mention brigs Loiret and la Flèche, and frigate la Bellone); the letters were addressed to his mother Marie Marguerite De Chazot. The first six letters were actually written in Brest right after du Bouzet’s return from the circumnavigation on board the frigate “Thétis” in 1824-26 under command of Hyacinthe de Bougainville, with the first excited letter dated “23 June 1826, Brest” being written on the day of the arrival from Rio de Janeiro; there are some interesting notes there on the last leg of the expedition.
The letters from the Mediterranean give interesting accounts of the unfolding events of the Greek War of Independence (1821-1832) during the early years of French involvement in the conflict - before and after the Navarino Battle (October 20, 1827). A letter from Smyrna, dated August 27, 1827 describes the Ottoman fleet heading to Morea (Peloponnese Peninsula): “We are looking for our Admiral to announce the departure of the Turkish fleet. […] It is made up of 85 sails and is headed to Morea but I believe that the intervention of the European powers in Greece’s affairs will foil its plans” (here and further in translation). In another letter on December 12, 1827 from Milos, he describes the situation in Aegina, the seat of the revolutionary Greek government: “I am arriving today from Aegina, where I had the opportunity to see the administrative center of the Greek government established until this point on very fragile foundations; by travelling through the current state of Greece, you can see the sad effects of the revolution, and how many tragic events occurred before it was able to establish a stable and content regime […] we traversed an entirely deserted country […] everything showing traces of devastation; houses entirely torn down, burnt forests, open graves, we had been warned that the Turkish army had come through this area and scared off all the inhabitants.”
In a letter from December 29, 1827 du Bouzet recounts a meeting with the Ibrahim Pasha (commander of the Ottoman Empire’s Egyptian forces who invaded Morea in 1825-28).: “I have been to Modon [Methoni] and Navarino and I did not have the chance to participate in the glorious exploits of our navy in the latter port; I at least had the consolation of seeing its Theatre as well as the remains of the Turkish fleet; I also had the consolation of seeing the famous Ibrahim Pasha to whom our captain was kind enough to introduce us. The devastator of Morea, the right hand to the king, is a man quite superior to all the other grand defenders (?) of Turkey, without however having transcending virtues. […] he has unfortunately not received any education; brave to the point of intrepidity, with a fiery temper, he has committed […] acts with a seal of ferocity, for which he has often had to repent himself because his immoderate self-esteem makes him fear reproach from civilized nations. […] Our captain has had several meetings with him and in the one that I assisted to […] the questions and objections that he presented were always very fair and showed in him knowledge and a mind that is missing only some cultivation.”
After a short time back in France, in August 1828 du Bouzet announces his departure for the Morea Expedition (a land intervention of the French Army in the Peloponnese in 1828-33): “I announced to you in my last letter dear mother that I was to embark on the frigate “Bellone”, ordered by Mr. de St. Picot […]. But today I announce that I have already embarked since yesterday and that I leave tomorrow with the expedition to Morea. […] I don’t really know what we will do in Morea, for eight days we have been working day and night, the troops are embarking as soon as they arrive […] I assure you that I will be happy to leave and finish it as quickly as possible, for we have three hundred infantries on board and around twenty officers…” In his next letter, he adds: “Until now it appears that we will follow the operations of the military, that will chase Pasha Ibrahim from Morea with force if he will not respond to anything else. The army will start towards Navarino in two days, the Egyptian fleet has already arrived to take Ibrahim and his troops but since he is not in a hurry we want to show him that we have bayonets and convoys to execute our will […]. Since our arrival, the Greeks […] celebrate and call us their liberators and are happy like gods. Some ambassadors […] are going to openly recognize and inaugurate the Greek government, Greece will therefore exist definitively as an independent state and all that is missing for this beautiful republic is citizens to populate its territory, now half deserted.” On October 26, 1828, he describes the departure of Egyptians from Alexandria: “All the Egyptians have evacuated Morea and every day troops and Muslim inhabitants pass through as they leave the country, and what is surprising is that most of the Greek women who were enslaved by the Turkish have preferred to follow them to Egypt rather than stay […]. They were given the freedom to choose, and they chose this option, either because they preferred the Turkish or because they feared the hatred and eventual mistreatment by their compatriots.”
In the final years of the Morea Expedition, the French attempted to moderate Greek-Ottoman negotiations of sovereignty, and advanced towards Ottoman strongholds. On June 11, 1830 du Bouzet writes from Candia (Heraklion) about the difficulties of the negotiation between two violent camps: “We have tried in vain to establish an armistice between the Greeks and the Turks on this island, they have been fighting an extermination war for a long time; it is one half of the population armed against the other over the rights to the land […] and in all this the victims are the poor civilians. We had almost established an accord between the belligerent parties when at the exact moment when we were going to sign the armistice a violation of all the conventions on behalf of the Greeks came to break all the negotiations.” Du Bouzet’s last few letters are written in August 1830 from Nafplio, which was a major Ottoman stronghold throughout the conflict: “The Turkish, who viewed this city as unattainable are starting to open their eyes to their state of weakness […] and the advantage of our institutions over theirs […] we have been in charge of watching and hurrying along the evacuation of the island, and preventing the Turkish from bringing slaves with them…” Overall, an important original fact-rich eye-witness account of the Greek War of Independence.
Marquis Eugène du Bouzet was a prominent French naval officer, explorer and colonial administrator; he took part in two circumnavigations - the 1824-26 expedition of “Thétis” and “Espérance” under command of Hyacinthe de Bougainville; and Jules Dumont-Durville’s expedition on “Astrolabe” and “Zélée” in 1838-40. Do Bouzet was the second in command on the “Zélée” and was in the first boat which landed on the newly discovered Adelie Land (Antarctica). For over ten years he served in the South Pacific on several occasions: in 1841-43 as the captain of the “Allier” and later “Aube,” visiting New Zealand and Tahiti, and solving diplomatic issues on the Wallis and Futuna Islands; in 1847-49 as the captain of corvette “Brillante” he protected French missionaries in New Caledonia, New Hebrides, Tonga, Samoa, Tahiti and the Marquesas. In 1854-58 he was the Governor of French Polynesia and the commander of the Naval subdivision, making a great input in the development of Noumea (New Caledonia). In the rank of Rear Admiral he returned to France and later commanded French naval forces in Algeria and Brazil.
The Greek War of Independence (1821-32) “involved the rebellion of Greeks within the Ottoman Empire. After a second civil war (1824), the new government and the entire revolution were threatened by the arrival of Egyptian forces, led by Ibrāhīm Pasha, which had been sent to aid the Turks (1825). The Greek guerrilla bands harassed his army, and in revenge he desolated the country and sent thousands of the inhabitants into slavery in Egypt” (Wikipedia). “Favouring the formation of an autonomous Greek state, European powers offered to mediate between the Turks and the Greeks (1826 and 1827). When the Turks refused, Great Britain, France, and Russia sent their naval fleets to Navarino, where, on Oct. 20, 1827, they destroyed the Egyptian fleet. Although this severely crippled the Ottoman forces, the war continued, complicated by the Russo-Turkish War (1828-29)” (Encyclopedia Britannica). “In August 1828, a French expeditionary corps (The Morea Expedition) disembarked at Koroni in the southern Peloponnese. The soldiers were stationed on the peninsula until the evacuation of Egyptian troops in October, then taking control of the principal strongholds still held by Turkish troops” (Wikipedia). “A Greco-Turkish settlement was finally determined by the European powers at a conference in London; they adopted a London protocol (Feb. 3, 1830), declaring Greece an independent monarchical state under their protection.” (Encyclopedia Britannica).




NEURDEIN, Antonin & Etienne (N. D. Phot.); LEROUX, Alexandre (Phot. Leroux); ANTONIN Phot.; CHARLES, Albert.
[Two Albums Containing 149 Original Albumen and Gelatin Silver Studio Photographs and Snapshots, and Thirty Collotypes, Showing Views, Street Scenes and Portraits the Local People from Algeria and Tunisia, Including Alger, Biskra, Boghar, Constantine, Annaba, Bizerte, Carthage, Tunis, and Kairouan, Titled:] Voyage en Algerie et Tunisie 1902.

1902. Two Oblong Folio albums, each ca. 28,5x38 cm (11 ¼ x 15 in). 34 card stock leaves in each album. With 179 mounted original photographs, including 105 large photos between ca. 19x24,5 cm (7 ½ x 9 ½ in) and ca. 22,5x30 cm (8 ¾ x 11 ¾ in), 41 medium photographs each ca. 11,5x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) and larger, and 36 small photographs each ca. 8,5x11 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ¼ in) or smaller. Most photos captioned, signed and/or numbered by studio in negative on the photograph, five photos with period manuscript blue ink inscriptions on the images. Period brown quarter morocco albums with brown pebbled cloth boards, gilt lettered titles “Voyage en Algerie et Tunisie 1902” on the spines, marbled endpapers and “Papeterie Duval Havard” labels pasted on each album’s inside cover. Mild wear at album extremities, album leaves slightly warped but overall two excellent albums with strong and sharp large photographs.
These two albums contain over 180 original albumen and gelatin silver photographs which document travels through Algeria and Tunisia in 1902, and show excellent portraits of local people, large detailed street scenes, and beautiful views. Most of the photographs were produced by studio photographers but there are also some snapshots likely taken by the travellers. There are ca. 30 photographs signed N.D. Phot. (Antonin & Etienne Neurdein, active 1864-1900s), many of which show views of Biskra, including a photograph of women from the Ouled Naïl tribe sitting in the street and a nomad camp near the city. Ca. 25 photographs signed Phot. Leroux (Alexandre Leroux, active 1876-1912) show Alger, including detailed views of the port, Notre Dame d’Afrique, local people walking in streets of the Kasbah, pupils sitting around their instructor, and women dancing. 10 photographs signed Antonin Phot. (Antonin, active 1902-) show views of Abonna, including the port, a procession of Spahi people, and a group of young Bedouin girls. A series of smaller photographs show vivid scenes, including a group of veiled women walking together in the mountain, a procession of men on horses with weapons and instruments, and women wearing traditional colorful costumes and jewels sitting and embracing in the “Ouled Naïl” street. There are several strong large photographs that show beggars, an Ouled Naïl ceremony, and children running in the streets of Bikra. There is one photograph by Charles Albert (active 1890-1937) showing the Chanzy boat traversing the Bizerte Canal, and 17 other photographs show the people and buildings of Bizerte. Views of Tunis include the Becquia Mosque, a market, café and streets, and one photograph shows a general view of Kairouan. Also included are photographs of the Chetma village, the Pretorium at Lambese [Tazoult] and the Kantara Bridge in Constantine. Overall, a beautiful collection of large, high quality photographs that show the life of Algerian and Tunisian people, including evocative portraits, vivid street scenes and detailed landscapes of the region.
Captions include:
542. Colonne Faguine le Désert (Chellala); 503. La colonne de Faguine (Boghar); 359. Sahara Algerien – Chameliere (N.D. Phot.); 256. Types Algeriens. Inhumations dans le cimetiere arabe (N.D.); 1563. Les quais a Alger [Leroux]; Place du Gouvernement. 1001 (Phot. Leroux); 1570. Alger. Le port (Phot. Leroux); 1. Alger Vue Generale a l’entree du port (Phot. Leroux); 1232. Mauresques Voilees (Costumes de ville) (Phot. Leroux); C.N.E. 13. Quartier Arabe des Forgerons (Phot. Leroux); 21. Alger. Notre Dame d’Afrique (Phot. Leroux); 1081. Alger. La Kasbah: Rue Kleber (Phot. Leroux); 838. Alger. La Kasbah. Rue de la Mer Rouge. (Phot. Leroux); Interieur de l’archeveche. Alger (Phot. Leroux); 38. Mosque Sidi Abderrahman. Alger (Phot. Leroux); 497. Interieur de la mosque El-Kebir. Alger (Phot. Leroux); 117. Rue de la Marine (Phot. Leroux); 1550. Alger. Place de la Republique et Theatre (Phot. Leroux); 569. Alger. Cathedrale et Palais d’hiver (Phot. Leroux); 941. Alger. Square Bresson (Phot. Leroux); 1201. Alger. Type Arabe (Phot. Leroux); Alger. Negre du Soudan (Phot. Leroux); 1280. Alger (Phot. Leroux); Dance bedouines (Phot. Leroux); 1511. Alger. Une ecole arabe (Phot. Leroux); 42. Cafe Maure a Alger(Phot. Leroux); 2746. Alger. (Place du Gouvernement); 143. Allee des platanes (jardin d’Essai); 153. Allee des bambous su jardin d’Essai (Phot. Leroux); [Palm alley] (Phot. Leroux); 2372. Alger – Vue generale; 2352 – Alger. Les Rampes du Boulevard; 2616. Alger (la Mosque); 2623. Alger (salon mauresque); 119 (N.D. Phot.); 114. La place d’armees (N.D. Phot); 167. Gorges de la Chiffa (N.D. Phot.); [Biskra]; 1906. Biskra. Une Caravane de Chameaux (Phot. Leroux); 201. Bougie – Vue generale prise du mole (N.D. Phot.); [two photos with faded captions signed N.D. Phot.]; [Gorges du Chabet]; [La Riviere a El-Kantara]; 177. El Kantara (N.D. Phot.); 118. Constantine (N.D.); 1039. Riviere et gorges (El Kantara); 2191. Biskra; La riviere a EL Kantara; El Kantara; 268. El Kantara (N.D. Phot.); [Mendiants a Biskra]; [Rue a Biskra]; [«Un chemin» dans l’oasis (Biskra)]; Marche de Bestiaux a Biskra, 94; 5 more faded photos from N.D.
Album 2: 304. Biskra – Le Marche (N.D. Phot.); Biskra – La Rue des Bains Maures (N.D.); 59. Biskra – Chetina; 326. Vieux Biskra – Mosquee de Sidi Barka (N.D.); Sahara Algerien (N.D. Phot.); 164. Env. De Biskra - Sidi Okba (N.D. Phot.); 174. Le Desert du Sahara. – Vue prise du Col de Sia (N.D. Phot.); 2296. Biskra – Campement de Nomades; 2306. Chetina – le village; 2105. Biskra (une rue); Vieux Biskra (une rue); 2121. Vieux Biskra (Fort Turc); 2274. Biskra. Hotel du Sahara; [Marche de Biskra]; 64. Marche de Biskra; 112. Gorges de la Chiffa. Fresques de Desjardins (Ruisseau des Singes) (N.D.); 152. Biskra. – Place du Marche (N.D. Phot.); 70. Marche de Biskra; Timgad. – Forum & dependances. 2704; Le Pretorium a Lambesse; [Lambesse, pretorium et Musee]; 2233. Constantine – Chutes du Rhumel; C.N.E. 3. Le Pont del Kantara et le Gouffre du Rhumel (Phot. Leroux); 422. Escadron de Spahis (Aumale); 551. Rocher de sel, les mineurs; 44. Le Marche Arabe (rue Bugeaux), (Antonin phot. Bone); Constantine. – Gorges du Rhummel, Cascade de Sidi-Mecid (N.D. Phot.); 23. Le quai (la greve) (Antonin phot. Bone); 903. Hammam Meskoutine, eaux chaudes; 235. Hammam Meskoutine, Cascade d’Eau Chaude (N.D. Phot); Bone. Vue des quais. (J.B.); Bone. Les quais. (J.B.); 20. Le quai (Antonin phot. Bone); Bone. Defile des Spahis (J.B.); 105. Groupe de Jeunes Filles Beduines (Antonin phot. Bone); 45. Le Marche arabe (rue Bugeaud) (Antonin phot. Bone); 74. Marche a Robert-sous (Antonin phot. Bone); 327. Bizerte. Quartier le Marchands Arabes (N.D. Phot.); 905. Bizerte (mai 96) – Le croiseur Chanzy traversant le canal (C. Albert Ph., Tunis); 52. La rue Gambetta et marche arabe (Antonin phot. Bone); 449. Bizerte. Quartier le Marchands Arabes (N.D. Phot.); 2654. Bizerte (le lac); [Bizerte]; 681. Mosquee a Djemah-Saharidj; Lionne du Marabout (Sud pranais); 256. Carthage – La cathedrale et le seminaire (N.D. Phot.); Sidi-bou-Said. – Vue generale prise de Carthage (N.D. Phot.); 41. Carthage – Amphitheatre Romain; Bourricotier, plage de Mustapha; 10. Tunis – Rue Haddadin (Phot. Leroux); 1664. Notre Dame d’Afrique; 203. Interieur mauresque; 587. Tunisie. - Femme Juive (N.D. Phot.); 238. Tunis (N.D. Phot.); 232 Tunis [N.D. Phot.]; 208. Tunis – Mosquee Besquia (N.D. Phot.); 354. Tunis. – Marche arabe (N.D. Phot.); Tunis. (N.D. Phot.); 315. Tunis – Cafe Maure (N.D. Phot.); 23. Tunis. Place Bab Souka; 547. Kairouan – Vue generale de la rue Saussier (N.D. Phot.); 500. Kairouan. Portique interieur de la Grande Mosque (N.D. Phot.); [Commencement de la Grande priere].
The Neurdein firm was founded in 1864 by Etienne Neurdein, son of the photographer Charlet. His brother Antonin soon joined him. In the 1870s the firm began to target a curious and well-off clientele with its production and sale of tourist views. The number of trips increased, to North Africa, through-out Europe, with the operators bringing back to Paris boxes filled with exotic views and ethnological reportages which were very popular at the end of the 19th century, the 'types'. The two brothers became nationally famous when they photographed the Paris World Fairs of 1889 and 1900, publishing their photographs in the magazines of the time and in prestigious albums. In addition, the Neurdein firm's editorial activities made it one of the pioneers in the field of publishing photographs: its postcards, published under the brands ND and X were widely distributed.
Photographer Alexandre Leroux was born in Beziers 1836 - died 1912. Leroux operated several photography studios in Algiers, including his premiere studio on Bab Azoum. His photographs offer a rare glimpse into the lives of the people of Algiers and their rich cultural lives, as well as its architecture, religious sites.


[Album with Fifty-Three Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of a Luncheon and Fantasia (Arab Equestrian Show) Performed for French Spectators near Morsott, Northeastern Algeria, Titled:] Déjeuner et Fantasia Dans la Forêt de Bourlaya / Dimanche 1er Avril 1928.

1928. Oblong Quarto, ca. 24x31,5 cm (9 ½ x 12 ½ in) with 53 original gelatin silver photographs each ca. 12x7 cm (4 ¾ x 2 ¾ in), mounted recto and verso of 12 green leaves, all captioned in period manuscript white ink on the mounts. Period olive stiff card album fastened with a string, with the title written on the front cover in period manuscript white ink. Mild wear at album extremities and spine, and mild water stains on the covers, but overall a very good album with strong, sharp photographs.
A lively visual account of a special performance of a traditional Maghreb equestrian show – Fantasia or “lab el baroud,” which took place in a forest near the Morsott community of the Constantine province (northeastern Algeria), on the 1st of August 1928. The album portrays numerous well-dressed up French spectators – apparently upper-class French residents of Algeria or travelers from France, gathering before the performance and having lunch. Three interesting photos show the preparation of méchoui (whole sheep or lamb spit roasted over fire) and couscous. Over thirty photos (including eight specially marked as taken by “M. Giraud”) depict the Fantasia - gathering of the Arab horsemen, distribution of cartridges, directions given by French administrators M. Battistini and M. Larmande, the riding show itself and parade led by Caïd d’El-Meridj (chief of a nearby town), an Algerian rider bearing a flag of the mixed community of Morsott, Algerian spectators and “les curieux,” et al. Overall a fascinating visual source on the history of Algerian fantasias during French colonial rule.
“Throughout Algeria’s history, fantasia has been a popular sporting event. Fantasia, or lab el baroud (the gunpowder play), is an event where a group of horsemen charge their horses at the same speed to a certain location, where they must fire muskets or muzzle-loading rifles in the air at the same time, with the goal of sounding as if only one rifle has been shot. Fantasia remains popular today” (Teach


[Collection of Thirty-five Albumen Stereoviews Showing Native People, Their Customs and Hunting Scenes in East Africa, Including Kenya, Lake Victoria, Tanzania, and Zanzibar, With Interesting Group Photographs of the Maasai and Kikuyu People, Titled:] East Africa Through the Stereoscope, Volume 1 & 2.

1909. 35 pairs of albumen stereo views, each ca. 8x15,5 cm (3x6 in), mounted on original brown stiff cards. Each numbered with photographer’s copyright and typed caption in English on recto, many with printed captions in French, German, Spanish, Swedish and Russian on verso, and some with printed travel notes. Housed in publisher's original gilt tooled black cloth box ca. 19x6,5x11 cm (7 ½ x 2 ½ x 4 ½ in) with title and studio name on spine. Box with some wear, but overall a very good collection with interesting strong, sharp photographs.
This collection of 35 albumen stereoviews contains excellent photographs of native people in East Africa, showing their customs and dress, as well as American and African hunters, with views in Kenya, Lake Victoria, Tanzania, and Zanzibar. Eleven photographs were taken in Kenya, six of which show the Kikuyu people, including “women decorated with beads and brass wire” grinding corn, “a Kikuyu warrior buying a wife from her father, the King,” “Women of Kikuyu tribe bringing firewood to a British Government Station”, and “King Wambugoo and his sixteen wives.” Other views in Kenya include “Warriors and women of a village near Mt. Kenia in festival dress,” a Mombasa street scene showing “ivory on the way from the jungle to America,” and “natives smoking fresh killed meat.” There are also six views taken around Victoria Nyanza [Lake Victoria], the chief reservoir of the Nile, including one photo of a Kavirondo village with people holding cages of “decoy quail.” Additionally, five photographs show Tanzania, including American and African hunters carrying zebras after a hunt, a portrait of the photographer with “his party” and three photographs taken near Mt Kilimanjaro, one of which shows a Wachagga village on the mountain’s slopes. There are three interesting photographs of the Masai [Maasai] people, including a group of people watching the gambling game of “Bao” and women building houses, and two photographs from Zanzibar showing a group of women “dressing their hair,” and “masked women holding a fetish that keeps off devils.” Overall, an excellent collection of strong photographs showing native people of East Africa.
“Underwood & Underwood established itself in 1882 as a stereographic distributing company. The company was founded by two brothers, Elmer and Bert Underwood. Underwood & Underwood were publishing twenty-five thousand stereographs a day by 1901…Around 1900 Underwood & Underwood introduced boxed sets, with specific themes such as education and religion, and travel sets depicting popular tourist areas of the world.” (The Yellowstone Stereoview Page)


LUCK, Charles Cardale (1875-1954); LUCK, Cicely Maud; LUCK, Hildur Carolina (1881-1891).
[Extensive Private Archive with over 140 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs taken during Hildur Luck’s Travels to Kenya and Uganda, Showing Her Brother Cardale Luck’s Gwonongween Estate in Kenya, His Family and House Servants, Missionary Stations, Schools and Churches in Mbarara (Uganda), Lake Victoria, River Nile’s Ripon Falls, Mombasa, and Others, Many Vivid Portraits of Native People; With 31 Letters Written to Hildur Mostly by Cardale and his wife Cicely from Kenya; Additionally with about Sixty Items of Ephemera collected during Hildur’s Voyage to Kenya and Uganda in 1940s].

Ca. 1920s. Over 140 loose gelatin silver prints of various size, including over eighty large photos ca. 11,5x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ¼ in) or slightly smaller; and over thirty smaller images, ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in); the rest are ca. 6,5x11 cm (2 ½ x 4 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. Most photos with pencil or ink captions in English or Swedish on versos. Several corners of photos mildly creased, but overall very good strong photos. With 31 letters, dated 1920-1948, small and large Octavos, in all over eighty pages of legible text in English. Black and blue ink on various wove paper; with three stamped envelopes. With over sixty items of various ephemera (visas, travel insurance, telegrams, recommendation letters to African authorities and churches, receipts from hotels, shops and churches, railway tickets, medicine prescriptions et al.), dated 1946-1947. Overall a very interesting archive in very good condition.
Extensive interesting archive of original photographs, letters, and ephemera from the estate of Hildur Carolina Luck, a secretary of Swedish Kvinnelige Misjons Arbeidere (Women Mission Workers’ Organization) in the 1940s. The archive’s contents are closely related to the life of Hildur’s brother, Charles Cardale Luck (1875-1954), a known Swedish artist and a residing farmer in eastern Kenya in the 1920-1940s. The archive contains over 140 original photos taken during Hildur’s visit to her brother’s Gwonongween estate near Lumbwa (Kenya’s Rift Valley region) in autumn-winter 1921-1922 (see the letter by Cicely Luck from 17 Oct. 1921). Over twenty images were taken in the estate, including portraits of Cardale Luck, his wife Cicely and their four children George Thomas Axel (1911-?), Rolf Cardale (1912-1944), Cecil Percy (1917-2008), and Andolie Sophia (ca. 1920-?), with nice photos of the wife and children feeding the chickens, two younger Luck kids posing next to an African hut, portraits of native farm workers milking cows, Kikuyu girls near Lumbwa, native men dancing on the front lawn of the estate, servants moving furniture out of or to the estate, a panoramic view of the estate taken from the distance, views of the nearby mountain ridges of the Great Rift Valley, and others. About twenty images of Kenya show streets in Mombasa, Fort Jesus on Mombasa Island, a street in Kavirondo district, a native dance, termite mounds, people from Kavirondo in festive costumes, and others.
Over sixty interesting photos were taken during Hildur Luck’s trip to the missionary stations in Mbarara (Ankole region of Uganda) via Lake Victoria. The photos show Church Missionary Society station in Ndejje (native girls posing with missionary “Miss E. Brewer”), children on a lesson in CMS school in Mbarara, mission bungalow in Mbarara, native church in the Ankole region, a group of native boy scouts in Mbarara, missionary “Miss Brittain” on a bike posing with native boys in the Ankole region, a female missionary teaching native girls sowing, people leaving Kampala Cathedral after the service, CMS hospital in Kampala; several group portraits of Ugandan native Christian priests with their families; view of the graves of English missionary and martyr James Hannington (1847-1885) and missionary George Lawrence Pilkington (1865-1897) apparently in Kampala; portraits of Hildur Luck being carried by native porters across a river and driven in a cart, a portrait of native carriers moving heavy luggage uphill, and numerous portraits of native villagers, children, babies, girls carrying water, musicians playing drums, girls working on a field, and others. There are also fourteen interesting images of Lake Victoria and Ripon Falls in Uganda (now submerged after the construction of the Owen Falls Dam in 1954), showing native canoes in Jinja, a village on the lake shore, native boat with the sign “Africa, Entebbe” on the stern, and Hildur Luck and her brother (?) posing in front of the Ripon Falls.
The letters include four early ones written in the first years of the Luck family’s life in the Gwonongween estate (dated 31 July 1920 – 26 Oct. 1922), and twenty-seven later ones, written in the family next house in Ol Ngatonga farm, Kitale region of Kenya (16 Dec. 1938 – 12 Dec. 1948). Written mostly by Cicely Luck (with a few authored by Cardale) and addressed mostly to Hildur or her sister Nilsalie (Nilsalie Frederica Hallencreutz, 1878-1972), the letters talk about family affairs and life in Africa, household duties, crops, farm animals, Swedish food they had a home, risks of getting sleeping sickness and malaria, locust attacks, Swedish Mount Elgon Expedition (4 Aug. 1920), the beginning of WW2 (4 Sept. 1939), Russo-Finnish War of 1939-1940 (22 Feb. 1940), the death of their second son Rolf (5 Nov. 1944), the end of WW2 (14 May 1945), the plans to move to Cape Town for retirement (12 Dec., 1948), and others.
A long fascinating letter by Cicely Luck dated 26 October 1922 gives a detailed account of their car trip from Jinja to Kisumu on the shore of Lake Victoria via Busia, with a thunderstorm and heavy rains getting their car stuck in the mud and forcing them to stay overnight in the mud huts of a nearby rest camp; a long colourful passage describes Kavirondo people coming back from a Ngoma party whom the travellers met on the way: “I can’t attempt to do justice to their attire – it was infinitely varied & grotesque beyond belief! Pat & I could really have wept at being unable to snap them. <…> All the women were oiled until they gleamed like well kept mahogany. They had painted their legs with grey <…?> paint, but otherwise were not got up, save for numerous bead ornaments, hair oiled etc. They really looked delightful, or rather the young girls did, before child-bearing had spoilt their figures, poor dears. They were so graceful & unselfconscious in their movements & looked so happy, teeth & eyes gleaming in competition with their polished limbs. All the men were painted but not like the Lua Kavirondos the other side of Nunias that you took a snap of – not all over haphazard, but carefully with elaborate designs <…> in dull red, grey & ochre coloured earths. Some had nose, mouth & chin painted yellow, outlined in red, others had eyes patterned. Almost all had elaborate patterns in 2 or 3 colours on the legs. Some wore leopard skins, & other “cat” skins, not slung over the shoulders, but round the waist, giving quite a skirt=-ike effect. One wore, I think, a hyena skin, but I can’t be sure. Some crowned these costumes with European straw hats, preferably 2 on tops of each other – Tenai fashion - & that, together with their <…?> salutes, were indescribably ludicrous, when combined with their native war paint! <…> They carried huge shield & spears – one had on European boots! Some wore tusks & horns all round their heads, these I think were the most alarming to the eye – truly they were all like the worst nightmare of cannibal chiefs that a fever-haunted child-brain could conjure up. And yet you know they were very kindly should & saluted & “jamboed” us very friendly as we passed, & grinned like pleased school-boys at our open admiration!”
Other excerpts from the letters:
Swedish Mount Elgon Expedition (April-July 1920): “Just now we have 3 of the Swedish Expedition with us – Capt. & Fru Lovén, Dr. Granvik – it is very nice to have them to talk to & hear all their adventures at Elgon & en route. They are very pleased with their time & the results of their labours, & on the whole the weather has been all in their favour. They will stay here for some days before going for a brief trip to Uganda, after which they go home with their spoils. I so ejoy having Marta Lovén here, one never sees white women here, just swarms of men <…> Fru Lovén has brought a charming little baby monkey with her – you would delight in him I know. As I write he sits on the balustrade of the verandah, gracefully scratching fleas with one paw, & draping his knee long tail around him. He eats Cape gooseberries <…> and is really quite dreadfully human! <…> They hope to take him home with them, but the pity is that baby monkeys grow up & become large and ugly!” (Cicely Luck, letter from 4 Aug., 1920).
WW2: “We are this year going in chiefly for flax which is so badly needed for war purposes, aeroplane wings covering in particular <…> We may have to go in for pigs and more cattle to supply the troops in Egypt with bacon & butter & cheese” (22 Feb. 1940); “The rationing, which mainly hits town people, is by no means severe, and we have all we need. Of course, we have had masses of troops to feed, and still have <…> Renewals, renewals of every kind needed to replace everything that has got worn out during the war, not least agricultural machinery everywhere, then too fabrics of every sort and kind <…> Spares of every sort & kind for machinery and cars have been most difficult to get” (Cardale Luck, 16 Sept. 1945).
Germans: “Even in Tanganyika, the missionaries preached Nazism from the pulpits and had Hitler’s <…?> in the churches, & that with few exceptions” (Cardale Luck, 16 Sept. 1945)
Death of Rolf Cardale Luck: “We received this wire from Airgroup Nairobi yesterday morning: “Deeply regret to inform you H.Lt. R.C. Luck D.F.C. Reported missing Oct. 28th, failed to return to base from special mission.” What this “special mission” was I hope we may know some day is not now. As presumably his Catalina came down at sea & they must have led scout planes scouring the probably area for 4-5- days before the telegram was despatched…” (Cardale Luck, 5 Nov. 1944).
Overall a fascinating extensive archive giving a first-hand account of white settlers’ life in the 1920s-1940s British East Africa.
Charles Cardale Luck was a son of a prominent Swedish businessman of English origin Percy F. Luck (1844-1915). Charles Luck studied engraving in the Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Arts, and later in England and France, exhibited at the 1913 Salon (Benezit Dictionary of Arts) and moved to Kenya in 1920. While residing in Africa, he authored an article “The Origin of the Massai and Kindred Tribes and of Bornean Tribes” (The Journal of the East Africa and Uganda Natural History Society, London, 1926, August, pp. 91-193).


[Historically Important Collection of Thirty-One Original Photographs Showing Construction of the Aswan Low Dam in Egypt in 1899-1902, Including Six Large Four- to Six-Part Albumen and Gelatin Silver Panoramas, Eleven Large Platinum Prints by D.S. George, Five Large Albumen Prints (with three signed by A. Marques), and Nine Original Snapshots Taken by the Compiler of the Collection; With an Original Ink Drawing Showing the Longitudinal and Cross Sections of the Dam].

Ca. 1899-1902. With six large panoramas (three gelatin silver and three albumen), including one six-part panorama, ca. 20x169 cm (8 x 32 ¾ in) or slightly narrower, three five-part panoramas ca. 22x134 cm (8 ¾ x 52 ¾), and two four-part panoramas ca. 22x113 cm (8 ¾ x 44 ¼ in). Several panoramas with the parts numbered in pencil on versos, one with an ink stamp of “A. Marques Photograph, Assouan, Upper Egypt” on verso, one dated and one signed in negative in the left lower corners (“24.4. 1901” and “… A. Gianny”). With two original albumen photographs, each ca. 21x27,5 cm (8 ¼ x 11), each signed in negative in the lower corners. With three original albumen studio photographs, each ca. 23x29 cm (8 ¾ x 11 ¼ in) or slightly smaller, two mounted on card, all three with ink stamps of “A. Marques Photograph, Assouan, Upper Egypt” on verso. With eleven original large platinum photographs, ca. 25x29,5 cm (9 ¾ x 11 ¾) or slightly smaller, all but one captioned and signed in negative by D.S. George. With nine unmounted original gelatin silver snapshot photographs, ca. 11,3x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ¼ in) or slightly smaller, all but three with period pencil captions on verso. With a leaf of oil skin paper, ca. 35,5x30 cm (14 x 11 ¾) with two original ink drawings showing the longitudinal and cross sections of the Dam, ca. 11,5x23 cm (4 ½ x 9 in) and 8x8,5 cm (3 x 3 ¼ in). With a printed two-part panoramic postcard of the flooded Philae Island, ca. 9x41,5 cm (3 ½ x 16 ¼), with a printed signature “L. & H., Cairo Nr. 86” on verso. All housed in a period card box ca. 29x40x5 cm (11x16 x1.8 in). Several images with minor tears or creases, a couple of images mildly faded, but overall an important collection of good strong photographs.
Interesting historically significant collection of original photographic panoramas and views of the Aswan Low Dam while under construction. Compiled, most likely, by a British engineer employed during the dam’s construction, the collection includes six impressive four- to six-part photo panoramas showing the unfinished dam from different view points, detailing the front wall, the earthworks, trestle frame of the dam, the system of sluices - completed and still under construction, the auxiliary railway, and native settlements on the Nile banks near the Dam. Two single albumen photos depict large-scale earth excavations by native Egyptian workers, and large cranes on the specially constructed trestle frame. Lively photos by the Aswan studio of A. Marques show British and Egyptian workers posing next to “Joseph Booth & Bros.” steam cranes and the wall of the dam, and British workers playing soccer in the Egyptian desert, with local children watching. Platinum prints by the studio of D.S. George, one of the photographers assigned for taking pictures of the Aswan Dam during the construction, show the dam during different stages of construction, several channels of the Nile created in the process, the eclipse of the sun on May 28, 1900; the opening ceremony of the dam on December 10, 1902, with Egyptian and British officials, etc. Original snapshots, most likely taken by the compiler of the collection, show the town of Aswan, unflooded Philae Island and Isis Temple, a grave stone erected “In memory of William Douglas employed on construction of Aswan Dam who died 22nd April 1900,” and panoramic views of the dam under construction. The collection also includes a leaf of oil skin paper with two original drawings of the longitudinal and cross sections of the Aswan Dam, the first one being supplemented with the handwritten note about the capacity of the dam’s reservoir, estimated cost of final reservoir, cost of storing 1 million cubic meters, and value to Egypt of 1 million cubic meters. Overall a historically significant collection of large rare photo panoramas and views of the Aswan Low Dam under construction.
Captions to the platinum prints signed by D.S. George in negative:
No. 53. Central Channel Sudds from Mohammed Ali Island 8/2/00
No. 55. Mohammed Ali Channel 22/2/00
No. 82. Dam from Navigation Channel 18/4/00
No. 107. Mohammed Ali Channel from Awad “during Eclipse” 05/28/00
No. 135. Mohammed Ali Channel - Closing Sudd 22/11/00
No. 214. West Channel 19/6/01
No. 260. Navigation Channel the Locks from North 9/7/02
No. 272. From West Bank Looking East 7/11/02
No. 271. North Side of Dam Looking East 7/11/02
No. 274. North Side of Dam 7/11/02
“The first Aswan Dam (later known as the Aswan Low Dam or the Old Aswan Dam) is a masonry buttress dam located on the Nile River in Aswan, Egypt. Construction on the dam began in 1899 and ended in 1902, and at the time of its completion, it was the world's largest masonry dam. The dam was constructed as part of a British-led effort, tasked largely to William E. Garstin, the British Under-Secretary of State for Public Works in Egypt, to control river levels, reduce flooding, and improve irrigation and agriculture in the Nile River region.
In 1898, the Egyptian Minister of Public Works, Hussein Fakhry Pasha, contracted the British engineering firm of John Aird & Co. To construct the Aswan Dam, with Ransomes & Rapier acting as sub-contractors for the project's ironwork. Maurice FitzMaurice served as the chief resident engineer for the project. The work was done primarily by Egyptian workers and Italian granite masons. The foundation stone was laid by Prince Arthur, the Duke of Connaught, on February 12, 1899, and he returned to open the dam officially on December 10, 1902.
Designed to create a reservoir to store annual floodwater for crop irrigation during dry seasons, the dam proved inadequate to meet the water needs of its surrounding communities. As a result, two dam heightening projects were under taken in 1907–1912 and in 1929–1933 to create additional reservoir space to hold water needed during times of low river levels. In addition to the dam itself, the Asyut Barrage (also spelled Assuit or Assiout) was finished in 1902, and the Isna Barrage (or Esna) was completed in 1908. In 1970, a new dam was completed south of the Aswan Dam known as the Sadd-el-Aali Dam (or Aswan High Dam)” (Aswan Dam Photographs/ Online Archive of California).


ARNOUX, Hippolyte (active ca. 1860 - ca. 1890); ZANGAKI, Adelphoi (active 1870s–1890s)
[Album with Sixteen Original Albumen Studio Photograph Views of Port Said, Suez Canal, and Aden.]

Ca. 1870s. Oblong Folio ca. 30,5x38 cm (12x15 in). With 16 large original albumen photographs each ca. 21x27,5 cm (8 ¼ x 10 ¾ in), mounted on recto of stiff card leaves, with ten photographs captioned, signed and/or numbered by the studio in negative (including nine Arnoux prints and one Zangaki print). Period style black half sheep with marbled papered boards and red title label pasted on the front cover with a printed title “Ansichten von ÄGYPTEN / H. KLOPP / phot. Amat.”; all edges gilt. Several leaves with very minor chipping of the corners, a couple of photos mildly faded, otherwise a very good album.
Attractive album with sixteen early views of the Suez Canal, Port Said and British-controlled port of Aden (modern-day Yemen). Taken by the Port Said photographers Hippolyte Arnoux and Adelphoi Zangaki, the photos show Port Said’s streets and harbor, featuring several early establishments, i.e. “Hotel des Pays Bas,” store of “James Slavick, shipchandler,” “Nederlandsche Bazaar,” “Grand Hotel du Louvre,” portraits of European travelers on mules, Arab camel and mule riders, banks of the Suez Canal with the ships bassing-by, et al. The album ends with five unsigned photograph views of Aden, showing the Cisterns of Tawila (designed to collect and store rain water that flows down from the Shamsan massif through Wadi Tawila), buildings and camels in the Crater district, and a review of a British military unit with camels. Overall a very good album with large well-preserved photos.
Photographs include: Rue du Commerce à Port Said. No. 7 (Arnoux); No. 222 [Port Said, Village and Arab Mosque] (Arnoux); Place de Lesseps à Port Said (Arnoux); [Europeans on mules] (Arnoux); Caravane de Syrie, Kantari. No. 138 (Zangaki); 649. Groupe de Boudets de Roucciquiers (Arnoux); [Port Said, with Hotel de France]; No. 284. [Suez Canal]; Dragues au Kilometre 40 (Arnoux); No. 123. [Suez Canal] «Gare» (Arnoux); 139. [Suez Canal]. Gare de Kantara (Arnoux); 71. [Suez Canal] (Arnoux); [Aden, Cisterns of Tawila] (2); [Aden. British Military Training]; [Aden, the Crater] (2).
Hippolyte Arnoux documented the excavation of the Suez Canal in the 1860s and published the resulting photographs. He occasionally worked with the Port Said photographic studio, Adelphoi Zangaki. In the late 1860s, Arnoux was a partner of Antonio Beato. (Duke Libraries).


[Album with Eighty-Eight Albumen Studio Photos and Gelatin Silver Snapshots of Egypt, Showing Streets of Cairo, Alexandria Harbour, Great Pyramids of Giza, Several Main Sites of the Upper Egypt, and the Nile’s First Cataract Shortly before the Start of the Operation of the Aswan Low Dam].

15 July 1901 – 16 July 1902. Oblong Folio (ca. 31x41cm). Eleven card stock leaves. With 88 mounted original photos, including 16 large albumen studio photographs, between ca. 21,5x27,5 cm (8 ¼ x 10 ¾ in) and ca. 16x22 cm (6 ¼ x 8 ½ in); and 72 gelatin silver snapshots, ca. 10x11,5 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ½ in) or smaller. All photos with period ink captions in English on the mounts, several studio photos signed, captioned and numbered in negatives. Period style green gilt tooled half morocco with cloth boards and gilt lettered title on the spine; all edges gilt. Several images slightly faded, a few with minor creases or chipping on the margins, but overall a very good album.
Attractive album with large unusual studio photos of ancient Egyptian temples and pyramids, as well as lively original snapshots of streets in Cairo, Alexandria harbor, ancient temples, and portraits of the locals. The album was most likely compiled by an English traveler during a lengthy – a year-long – stay in Egypt, which was then an officially autonomous province of the Ottoman Empire, but de facto a protectorate of Great Britain (since the occupation in 1882). The traveler stayed in Alexandria and Cairo and took a classical voyage up the Nile as far as the First Cataract near Aswan. It is interesting, that the voyage to the First Cataract coincided with the last phase of construction of the Aswan Low Dam (1898 – December 1902), and four photos taken there show the still unflooded Philae Island (one snapshot and one large studio photo) and two snapshot views of “Assouan Barrage from Philae,” dated “Jan. 12, 1902.”
Studio photos, including those signed by G. Lékégian & Co (active in Cairo 1887-1910) and Antonio Beato (active 1862 - ca. 1900, established in Luxor in 1870), show a panorama of Cairo with the Arab cemetery and the Citadel, views of the Great Pyramids of Giza, the step pyramid of Saqqara, temples in Karnak, Medinet Habu, Deir el-Bahari, Esna, Edfu, and two interiors of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings (Theban Necropolis). Original snapshots include several street views of Cairo (Place d’opera, a square near the railway station, a road in Abbassia, the Delta Barrage, camel riders crossing the old bridge over the Nile etc.), over a dozen photos of the animals from the Cairo Zoo, views of different ancient Egyptian temples and sites (the Pyramids of Giza, statue of Rameses II, temples of Luxor, Karnak, Kom Ombo, the Ramesseum, and others) - with some featuring the travelers or their dog “Wuzzy” posing in front of the ruins, views of the “landing place” on the Nile in Esna, Alexandria harbor (with five interesting photos of privates from a British cavalry camp bathing their horses in the Mediterranean), two snapshots of a polo game in Cairo, passers-by on a “Station on Port Said – Ismailiyeh Rwy,” etc. Overall an interesting photo collection showing major archaeological sites and everyday life in the early 20th century Egypt.


[Historically Important Collection of 103 Original Photographs Taken during a Survey Trip Prior to the Completion of the First Ethiopian Railway from Djibouti to Addis Ababa, with Scenes of Dirt Road Travel on a Truck, Traversing Rivers etc., Portraits of the Travellers including Emperor Menelik II’s Advisor Armand Savouré, Portraits of the Locals, and Interesting Views of Dire Dawa, Addis Ababa, Hurso, Mulu, et al.].

Ca. 1911-1912. 103 loose gelatin silver prints of various sizes, including five large photos ca. 18x23,5 cm (7 x 9 ¼ in) or slightly smaller, 30 photos ca. 13x17,5 cm (5x7 in) or slightly smaller, 62 small photos ca. 6,5x9 cm (2 ½ x 3 ½ in), and six photos ca. 9x14 cm (5 ½ x 3 ½ in, printed as real photo postcards). Vast majority of images with period manuscript pencil captions in French on verso of photographs. Photos slightly waved, a few with mild fading, but overall a very good collection of interesting images.
Historically significant collection of original photographs illustrating the survey of the area between Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa performed by the Franco-Ethiopian Railway Company during the construction of the first Ethiopian railway linking the capital with the port of Djibouti in the then French Somaliland. The initial construction started in 1894 by the Imperial Railway Company of Ethiopia which managed to bring the line to the vicinity of Harar by 1906 where the station and the settlement of Dire Dawa was constructed. The company went bankrupt the same year and further construction was postponed until the newly formed Franco-Ethiopian Railway Company took over in 1908. The work resumed in 1914 and the next year the line reached Akaki, just before Addis Ababa, finally getting to the capital in 1917.
The photographs from our collection were taken within the time frame of 30 November 1911 – 3 August 1912 and start with the views of the Catholic church and the railway station in Dire Dawa, and a portrait of the expedition members leaving on a train for the nearby Ourso (Hurso). Further road trip is documented in a large group of photos showing the expedition truck going with difficulties on backcountry dirt roads up and downhill, crossing rivers, and skidding in mud, with the travellers and local guides clearing the path for the truck from stones, digging behind the rear wheels, making an improvised road with wooden planks, pushing the truck et al.; several photos have the steep road grades marked on verso from 15 % to 27 %. Other “expedition” photos show the camps set on the sites of the future stations of the railway (Hurso, Gota, Mulu, Awash, and others), and the expedition members, including Armand Savouré - a major French merchant in Ethiopia and an advisor to Emperor Menelik II. There are also interesting photos of a Catholic mission in Hurso (with the priest standing in front of the hut), a gorge near Balchi taken during the return trip, native villages and markets, portraits of native guards armed with rifles, guides posing with a hunted gazelle and a marabout, native water and firewood carriers, women and children, a portrait of a French woman and a child travelling in palanquin, and others. Several views of Addis Ababa show the market square (including an image featuring a large tractor), Catholic mission (exterior and interior of the church, portraits of fathers Julienne and Basil, native flock, nuns et al.), the street and the gate leading to the Royal Guebi compound, and others. There are also two almost identical portraits of Armand Savouré, his wife, children and an Ethiopian child posing in front of their house in Addis Ababa. Overall a very interesting collection of original photos from the early days of construction of the first Ethiopian railway.
“The Imperial Railway Company of Ethiopia (Compagnie Impériale des Chemins de fer d'Éthiopie or Compagnie Impériale Éthiopienne) was a firm founded in 1894 to build and operate a railway across eastern Ethiopia from the port of Djibouti to the capital of Addis Ababa. It was founded by Alfred Ilg and Léon Chefneux and headquartered in Paris, France. The firm failed in 1906 when political discord halted construction, and it failed to obtain any new capital. The portion it had completed ran from Djibouti to just short of Harar, the principal entrepôt for existing commerce in southern Ethiopia. Its terminus evolved into the city of Dire Dawa, today a larger city than Harar itself.
Following the 1906 Tripartite Treaty between Italy, France, and Britain and the 1908 Klobukowski Treaty between France and Ethiopia, Menelek consented to further expansion of the railway, granting the new concession to his personal physician, a black Guadaloupean named Dr. Vitalien, on 30 January 1908. The assets of the former company were then transferred to a new firm, the Franco-Ethiopian Railway (Compagnie du Chemin de Fer Franco-Éthiopien), which received a new concession to finish the line to Addis Ababa. After a year of wrangling with the previous financiers and their governments, construction began anew. By 1915 the line reached Akaki, only 23 kilometers from the capital, and two years later came all the way to Addis Ababa itself. <…>
The railway is currently in a partially-abandoned state. There has been no passenger service between Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa since 2008. The service from Djibouti to Dire Dawa ceased in August 2010 but restarted in August 2013” (Wikipedia).


[Album of Seventy-nine Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Ethnographic Images of Indigenous People and Early Mountaineering on Mt. Kilimanjaro (Including Kibo and Mawenzi Volcanic Cones), Mt Kenya, Namanga, and Pangani].

Oblong Folio album ca. 27x33,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 in). With 79 original gelatin silver photographs including one large panorama ca. 14x28 cm (5 ¼ x 11 in), thirteen large gelatin silver photographs each ca. 15x21 cm (6 x 8 ¼ in), over thirty-five medium photographs each ca. 11x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ¼ in), and the remaining photos each ca. 8,5x11,5 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ½ in) and smaller mounted on recto of 39 leaves. Over twenty-five of the photographs with period manuscript white ink captions on the leaves. Period dark olive patterned cloth boards. Overall a very good album of interesting strong and sharp photographs.
This album contains interesting ethnographic views of indigenous people in Kenya and Tanzania, as well as early mountaineering photographs in the region. Over thirty of the images feature local people, including ethnographic portraits focused on their costumes and body ornaments, as well as dance and work scenes. There are three portraits of men in military uniform, likely members of the King’s African Rifles (a multi-battalion British colonial regiment which fought in several campaigns during WWII), one photograph of “game scouts” in Namanga, and several images of huts in Pangani. The album also contains many sharp mountaineering photographs of natural landscapes in the region, including a panorama of Mt Kenya, views of Mt Kilimanjaro (first summitted by Hans Meyer on 6 October 1889 which was only rarely summitted until the late 1930's when it started becoming more popular to climb) including several different views of the ice caps and craters at the summit of Kibo, views of Mawenzi, as well as a crater lake.
Captions: Il Vaticano; Kilimanjaro; On the Ice Cap; Kibo from the Saddle; “V” for Victory; Mist forest on the slopes of Kilimanjaro; Kibo Hut (photo by Sigrid Newman); Peter’s Hut, Mawenzi in the background; The Small Crater on Kibo; Kibo in a cloud; Kibo from the saddle; The Ice cap, looking N.E.; The Boys; On the journey; Mawenzi at Dawn; A rest by the way; On the ice cap, the Dome; The Crater; Giant Lobelia; Vultures; Mt Kenya; Above Crater Lake; Crater Lake (2); Game Scouts, Namanga; Elephant in the Bush; Rhino; The distance (to the elephant) is only three elephant stampede seconds; African clouds; Pangani; Where Ding and I stayed for the night; Pangani.


[Album with over 110 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Military and Local Life in Kenya, Including Streets and Buildings of Nairobi and Kisumu, Horse Racing, Hunting, Native Tribes and Local Soldiers]
Ca. 1939. Oblong Quarto ca. 21x28,5 cm (8 ½ x 11 ¼ in) with ten green stiff cardstock leaves. 117 original gelatin silver photographs including two larger ones each ca. 7,5x10 cm (3x4 in) and the rest are each ca. 6x8,5 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) all mounted with red corners. The vast majority are captioned in period manuscript ink on beige paper labels mostly pasted on mounts. Period patterned full soft sheep album, with a pictorial front cover colour-embossed with an image of the Egyptian pyramids, bound with decorative leather string and leather stitching along the cover edges. Album and photographs in very good condition.
The photographs in this album are likely taken by a British member of the King's African Rifles. The images were taken on a trip from Nairobi to the south-west of Kenya. There are twelve views of the streets and buildings of Nairobi, including one image of the Lionel Douglas Galton-Fenzi memorial monument, which was erected in 1939 in memory of the man who pioneered automobile routes across Kenya and East Africa. Also, several photographs show horse racing at Kariokor, Kenya’s first horse track. During the early part of the 20th century, the interior central highlands were settled by British and other European farmers, who became wealthy farming coffee and tea; racing was very popular with the white farmers who would flock to Nairobi. The album shows scenes in many of Kenya’s rural areas and villages, including Nakaru, Nyeri, Londiani, Kitale, Lubwa, Eldoret, Toga, Thika, and Nanyuki. There are images of askaris (local soldiers who were often recruited by colonial powers), hunting excursions, the railway station at Londiani, and native people in their tribal costumes. There is also a photograph of the main street of Kisumu, which had become a leading East African centre for commerce, administrative and the military in the 1930s, and an image of “the kite dropping the mail.” Overall an interesting album of strong, sharp photographs.
By the 1930s, approximately 30,000 white settlers lived in the area and gained a political voice because of their contribution to the market economy. During the second world war, Kenya was one of the single most important recruiting grounds for the British Army in Africa. During the course of the war, 98,240 Kenyans were recruited as Askaris into the King's African Rifles (KAR), representing 30% of the unit's total strength. (Wikipedia).


[Album of Ninety-Three Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Madagascar, Most Likely Prepared in the Office of Madagascar Governor Joseph Gallieni and Showing Railroad and Bridge Construction, the Tananarivo Agricultural Exhibition of 1902, Children’s Fest of 1902, Bicycle Races and Malagasy Bicyclists, Malagasy Hospital and a Doctor, General Gallieni at Tananarive Sport Club, Native Families, Workers, Villages and Towns, Weddings of French Elite on Madagascar, et al.]

Ca. 1900-1905. Oblong Octavo (16x22 cm). 51 double album leaves. With 93 mounted original gelatin silver photographs, ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in), or slightly smaller. Almost all photos with manuscript pencil captions in French on the mounts or on versos. Period red full cloth album with blind stamped borders on the covers. Binding slightly faded and with minor water stains, weak on hinges, six photos have been previously removed, a few photos mildly faded, but overall a very good album.
Historically significant photo collection showing French Madagascar in the beginning of the 20th century. Covering a wide range of topics – from railroad and bridge construction to public hospitals and native doctors, agricultural exhibitions, bicycle races, sport clubs, portraits of native people, “Children’s fests,” weddings of high ranking French officials et al. – this collection belongs to a group of similar photograph albums, carefully prepared by the office of General Joseph Gallieni (Governor of French Madagascar in 1896-1905), with the purpose of promotion of the achievements of the French authorities and thus “pacification” the island in the early years of the French rule. Twenty-one albums of the same style (same size of the bindings and of the photos) are deposited in Foiben-Taosarintanin'i Madagasikara/ Geographic and HydrologicalInstitute of Madagascar (the contents of the albums were analyzed by Alain Tirefort in his article La «pacification» de Madagascar (septembre 1896 - mai 1905). Les représentations photographiques du fonds FTM à Antananarivo, Rennes, 2006, pp. 187-203). A large number of photos very similar to the ones in our album can be found on the website of the Archives nationales d'outre-mer which specialize in documenting French colonial history (e.g., Archives nationales d'outre-mer website). According to the notes in the photos’ descriptions from the website of Archives nationales d'outre-mer, the photos derive from “Album du fonds Gallieni.”
The interesting images show: construction of the Brickaville-Tananarive railway (works at km 9, waterfalls on the railway route at km 12, construction camp, future platform crossing the village of Ambodimanga et al); various bridges in Madagascar constructed by the French authorities (in Mangabe, Ampasimbola, metallic bridges in villages of Mahela and Maromby, over the Mamba River, several bridges on the way to Majunga/Mahajanga, and others); towns, villages and sites in different regions of Madagascar photographed during Gallieni’s tours: Brickaville, entrance to the Mandraka River gorge, villages of Mahela, Beforona, native houses in Bekaratsaka and Tananarive, native hospital in Arivonimamo, medical station in Mangabe, Tamatave, a road between Amboasary and Moramanga, and others.
Over thirty images are dedicated to numerous fests and celebrations either organized by the French authorities, or featuring them as guests: a “Children’s fest” in Tananarive in 1902 (7 photos), “shooting competition” (5 photos), “agricultural fair” (6 photos, showing the best bulls and horses, the award ceremony, the building of the restaurant), “horse competition” in Androhibe (2), a public fest in Antsahavola (5 images, showing a bull fight, horse competitions, native dance and tug-of-war competition); bicycle races and sportsmen (6 photos, showing races in Mahamasina, a Malagasy champion posing with his bike, “Malagasy cyclists” et al.), “gymnastic fest” (2), and the reception in the British embassy to celebrate the coronation of Edward VII (5). Over a dozen photos depict the processions during the weddings of high-ranking officials in Madagascar, including that of a daughter of Albert Clarac (1854-1934), a noted French specialist in tropical medicine and the director of Madagascar health service in 1902-1905. The photos feature many representatives of the French elite in Madagascar – including General Gallieni himself, with the names of several people identified and written on the mounts. Other photos portray the “General returning from a trip to the coast,” “General and members of his suite at the sport club,” native rickshaw-style transports, porters, gold prospectors, families, Malagasy doctor with his assistants (another portrait shows him visiting a sick person in a hospital), scene of a kabary (public speech), et al. Overall a very interesting historically significant album.


[Historically Important Album of 239 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Local People, French Military Campaigns and Aerial Views of Morocco During the Rif War and the Final Years of French Conquest].

1924-1933. Oblong Quarto album ca. 23,5x30 cm (9 ¼ x 11 ½ in). Fifty large original gelatin silver photographs each ca. 11,5x17,5 (4 ½ x 6 ¾ in), three medium photographs ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in), and the rest are each ca. 9x12 cm (3 ½ x 4 ¾ in) and smaller. All but thirteen photographs are mounted on thirty-nine stiff green leaves, with one blank leaf, over fifty photographs captioned, numbered and/or signed in negative and/or in period manuscript pencil on the leaves. Three captions in period manuscript pencil on white paper labels mounted on leaves, one white tag with printed inscription “Studio Fernand Aime Place Lyautey Rabat” mounted on a leaf. Also included is one page from a book titled “Chars d’Assaut 1920-1940” with two photographs captioned “Palmeraie du Tafilalet. Le 15 Janvier 1932 après la prise de la forteresse de Bel Kacem à Rissani, les chars gardent les accès de la casbah (2e compagnie du 62e B.C.C.)” and “Passage à gué d’un oued par un char F.T. Dans le Rif 1925.” Period brown faux (cloth) half morocco with marbled boards. Overall, a very good album with strong sharp photographs.
This historically important album contains photographs of local people, French military activity and aerial views of Morocco between 1924 and 1933. The majority of the photographs are of the French military during its intervention in the Rif War, a colonial war between Riffian tribes and Spanish troops in the Rif mountains (1921-1926). Over 60 photographs from 1925 are taken in the Souss Valley [Sous Valley] near Marrakesh, showing infantrymen, wounded men being treated, and military exercises. There are also several photographs of local people gathering around for music and dance performances, entering a mosque and interacting with the soldiers. Additionally, there are photographs of early military planes and their pilots, and two photographs of an armistice display in Taza, 1924: a group of men hold up their rifles as they ride their horses. There are also ca. Forty aerial views taken between 1924 and 1926. These photographs show military posts in the region, including Bou Haroun (12 days after it was besieged by the Riffians), several views of Taza and the surrounding area, and views of cities including Ajdir (then capital of the Républic of the Rif), Casablanca and Rabat. Also, there are four photographs of Spanish ships near Al Hoceima in September and October 1925, around the time when General Sanjurjo landed with his Spanish troops on the beach of Al Hoceima, with help from the French, and claimed the territory for Spain. Over 100 photographs from 1930-1933 by Studio Fernand Aime, Rabat, show military activity in the Meknès region of the Middle Atlas, including the 1932 storming of the Bel Kacem fortress at Rissani. Some images show the distribution of arms to a group of local men who then sit outside the Bel Kacem fortress, likely awaiting instruction from the French officials from the “2e compagnie du 62e B.C.C.” infantry regiment. There are also photographs of people gathering in tent camps, including one set up at the Tafilalet palm grove. Overall, a historically important album showing key events in the French conquest of Morocco.
1925: Engagement dans la vallée du Souss près de Marrakech; 1930-1933: Dans le Moyen Atlas, Région Meknès Janvier 1932 prise de la forteresse de Bel Kacem à Rissani, Palmeraie du Tafilalet; Guerre du Rif, départ de (?) Taza- Oujta puis vues aeriennes; Ajdir – Vue générale le 3 aout 1925 à 125m; Le 6-10-26 à 10 h à 800m. Camps de Boured; Région N.O. De Taza – le 8 juillet 1925 à 400m – Le poste de Bou Haroun assiégé par les rifains depuis 12 jours; Casablanca – 10 janvier 1926 à 200m Le Phare à El Hank – Observateur: Adjudant DELABY – Pilote: Sergent POULLIÉ; ERG CHEBBI (Face au Sud) – Pilote: DAUPHINET – Observateur: GARNIER; Pilote: Vigouroux – Observateur: Mondeil; Ichuul – Pilote: Vigouroux; Vue Générale de BOU-DENIB – Pilote: Monteil – Observateur: Garnier; Fez le 11 Janvier 1926 à 200m Fezel Badi (La Médina); Vue de la PALMERAIE de BOU-DENIB; Poste de GUEFIFA; Poste de GUEFIFA –Pilote: BEDU – Observateur: VIGNERON; Région Nord de TAZA le 16 Octobre 1925 à 20m – Poste du surveillance sur le Djabel Nahir; Région Ouest de Taza le 30 Octobre 1925 à 100m – Poste de Oued Amelil – Pilote: PARIZOT; Région Nord de TAZA le 9 Octobre 1925 à 30m – Groupe de Mechta dans la vallée de l’oued Ouizert; TAZA 13 aout 1924 – La Ville Arabe; Nadot; Région Ouest de TAZA le 30 Octobre 1925 à 100m – Poste de Oued Amelil; Tramchecht P. Principal Ouest; Navire espagnol porte-avions dans la baie de Cabadilla le 14 Septembre 1925 à 50m; Devant Ajdir le 4 Septembre 1925 à 50m – Navire de guerre espagnol dans la baie d’Albucemas [Al Hoceima]; L’escadre espagnole devant le cap Morro Nuevo (Cap du Maure Jeune) Le 14 Septembre 1925 à 200m; L’escadre espagnole devant le cap Morro Nuevo; Meknes – Vue Générale de la Ville Arabe; Oudja; Rabat – La Casbah ds Oudaïas; Rabat – l’Embouchure du Bou Regreg; Fez – Cimetière de Bab Fetoub; Casablanca; Vue générale de SALE; Casablanca; RABAT – Le Quartier de la tour Hassan – au fond: SALE; TAZA – Fantasia en l’honneur de l’armistice (2); MEKNÈS – Boutique d’un marchand de poteries; RABAT – Intérieur de Chellah; FEZ – enterrement arabe au cimetière de Bab Marouk; RABAT – Marabout au Chellah; FEZ – La Rue Ed Doub; Le Palmier – Reconnaissance A.M.C. 14-17 Mars 1928; ERG CHEBBI (Face au Sud).


[Album of Fifty-two Original Gelatin Silver and Collotype Photographs of Windhoek and Environs in Deutsch Suedwest Afrika (Namibia), Likely Compiled by a German Colonial Artillery Officer].

1899-1904. Oblong Folio (25x36,5 cm). 19 stiff green album leaves. With 52 original gelatin silver and collotype photographs, the majority ca. 11,5x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) and the largest ones ca. 16.5x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in) and the smallest ones ca. 10x14 cm (4 x 5½ in). Images mounted on recto and verso of album leaves all captioned in German in black ink on mounts. Original brown decoratively embossed cloth album with gilt title "Photographien" on front cover. A couple of photographs mildly faded, two with some mild discolouration and one with some edge wear. Hinges of album cracked but holding, overall a very good album of interesting photographs.
This album which was most likely compiled by a German colonial artillery officer contains interesting photos of the landscapes, people, buildings and the German military (especially artillery) in Windhoek and environs when it was the capital of the German colony of Deutsch Suedwest Afrika and includes views of: Officers on board ship leaving Germany for Deutsch Suedwest Afrika 25.4.1899; Damara huts; Colonel Leutwein; Aredareigas 1901 (Battery buildings and exercises) & Aredareigas 1905 (military group photos, landscape views, raising livestock, branding donkeys etc.); Windhoek (Building firing range, Junior officer corps and promotion party 1903), War memorial, leopards, Services at War Memorial and for locals, Herero family, panoramas (7) of big and little Windhoek, Soldiers on riding oxen, Battery buildings, Military parade 27.1.1903). Overall a very interesting album of interesting views of Namibia and of the German military there during the time of the Herero and Namaqua genocide (1904-7).


Underwood & Underwood Publishers
[Collection of Thirty-Two Original Gelatin Silver Stereoviews Showing the Second Boer War (1899-1902), Titled:] The South African War Through the Stereoscope, Volume 1.

1900-1901. 32 pairs of albumen stereo views, each ca. 8x15,5 cm (3x6 in), mounted on original brown stiff cards. Each numbered with photographer’s copyright on recto, and typed caption on recto in English and verso in English, French, German, Spanish, Swedish and Russian. Housed in a period gilt tooled black cloth lined box ca. 19x6,5x11 cm (7 ½ x 2 ½ x 4 ½ in) with title and studio in gilt on spine. Box with some wear and cloth lining detaching in some areas, one stereoview with mild foxing, but overall a very good collection with strong and sharp photographs.
The interesting photos include: Boer Types – waiting examination for passes to go home – Public Square, Pretoria; Ward in General Hospital No. 10 – formerly Grey’s College – Bloemfontein; A wayside rest and luncheon – the Coldstream Company on the great Transvaal Campaign; The Boer Position in front of Pretoria (looking East); Training one of H.M.S. “Monarch’s” 4.7 guns on the Pretoria forts, June 4th; The occupation of Pretoria, June 8th – troops passing before Lord Roberts; Kit inspection of the R.P.R.s on the morning of their gallant defense of the Zand River; Lord Roberts’ advance on Pretoria – infantry folding the Vet River; The burial place at Modder river of the highlanders who fell at Maggersfontein; Interior of “Mud Hall” the last prison occupied by British officers at Pretoria; Lord Roberts and Lord Kitchener reviewing the troops entering Kroonstadt; Correspondents’ Carts waiting Lord Roberts’ entry to Kroonstadt; Occupation of Brandfort; Taking the heavy naval guns across the vet river; Camp at Bloemfontein; Gloucester Camp Naauwpoort; New South West Lancers bringing Boer Prisoners into Pretoria; Artillery Barracks, Pretoria; Lord Roberts and Staff ascending the North Bank of the Zand river; Great march to Pretoria – Weigelegen; Great march through the Transvaal; At Naauwpoort before victorious march to Rensburg; Public Square, Bloemfontein; Royal Engineers making a roadway on the steep Velch river banks; Portal of the Fort at Johannesburg; Royal Munster Fusiliers lining the trenchers, Honey Nest Kloof; Orange River Bridge; Lord Roberts; Balloon Corps Transport; Lord Roberts army advancing towards Johannesburg; Lord Roberts infantry crossing the Zand river; Hall where the historical conference between Sir Alfred Milner and President Kruger was held, Bloemfontein.
“The Second Boer War started on 11 October 1899 and ended on 31 May 1902. Britain defeated two Boer states in South Africa: the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State. Britain was aided by its Cape Colony, the Colony of Natal and some native African allies.” (Wikipedia). “Underwood & Underwood established itself in 1882 as a stereographic distributing company. The company was founded by two brothers, Elmer and Bert Underwood. Underwood & Underwood were publishing twenty-five thousand stereographs a day by 1901…Around 1900 Underwood & Underwood introduced boxed sets, with specific themes such as education and religion, and travel sets depicting popular tourist areas of the world.” (The Yellowstone Stereoview Page)


[Album with 56 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Taken by a Passenger of the SS “City of Cairo”, Showing Nubian and Sudanese Cities and Villages along the White Nile, from Ibrim to Kosti, Including Khartoum, Omdurman, Wad-Alzaky, Ad Douiem and Others; Several Views of the Blue Nile, and a Three-Part Panorama of Port Said].

1924-6. Oblong Folio ca. 32,5x42 cm (13 x 16 ½ in). Six grey card album leaves. With 56 mounted gelatin silver prints, including a three-part panorama ca. 6,5x32,5 cm (2 ½ x 12 ¾ in), the other photos are ca. 7.5 x 13 cm (3 x 5 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. All photos captioned (and many dated) in period manuscript blue ink on the mounts. Recent brown cloth album with embossed design on front cover. One image partially detached and folded, one with repaired tear, a few photographs with mild rubbing or fading and many photographs showing the traces of the adhesive, otherwise a very good album with strong sharp photographs.
Nice album with interesting snapshot photographs of the villages and cities located on the Nile River banks from Ibrim (Lower Nubia, Egypt) to Kosti (present-day White Nile state of Sudan). Apparently taken by a young British military man on service in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, the album includes views of the Abu Simbel rock temple (before it was moved in 1968 during the construction of the Aswan High Dam), Wadi Halfa, Khartoum (White Nile bridge to Omdurman under construction, British barracks – with two images of a sand storm closing over the barracks, native boats on the Blue Nile in Khartoum, the White Nile in flood, the junction point of the White and Blue Nile, nearby Moghren village, Khartoum-Omdurman ferry boat), Omdurman (native market, buildings on the Nile bank, a street in the native quarter), Ad Douiem (local people on the Nile bank, British Governor’s house, native market, prison cart, White Nile Police officers), Wad-Alzaky, Kosti (railway station, mosque, bridge under construction, native village, native market, “S.S. Fateh alongside at Kosti”), and others; there are also photos of the local fishermen and children, and several views of the White Nile, with two photos showing the felucca race on July 15, 1924. The album closes with a three-part panorama of Port Said harbour taken in 1926 from the “Fleet Frozen meat store,” showing the Navy House (destroyed during the 1956 Suez Crisis), the Suez Canal Company Office and naval cruisers docked nearby. Overall a nice photo collection of views of Egypt and Sudan along the banks of the Nile River.


[Album of Thirty-One Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Important Places and Indigenous People in Sudan with an Emphasis on Locations Along Sudan Government Railways].

Ca. 1925. Oblong Folio album ca. 30x37 cm (11 ½ x 14 ½ in). 31 original gelatin silver photographs each ca. 15x20 cm (5 ¾ x 8 in) including one photographic map ca. 20,5x27,5 cm (8 x 10 ¾ in) mounted on recto of 32 leaves. All are captioned and numbered in period manuscript white ink. Period grey full cloth album with a maroon gilt stamped leather label titled “SUDAN,” and maroon cloth corners. Album cover mildly worn at extremities, some mild staining of covers and back cover with a minor chip, but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
This album of interesting photographs of Sudan includes views of Halfa, Kassala, Sennar (Sannar), Khartoum, Omdurman, Suakin, and Port Sudan, which are all located along the Sudan government railways. Also, several images show the Al Gezira agricultural region which is known for its extensive irrigation scheme. “The Gezira scheme was introduced by the British in 1925, and distributes the waters of the Blue Nile through a 2,700-mile (4,300-km) network of canals and ditches to irrigate fields growing cotton and other cash crops” (Encyclopedia Britannica). The album contains images of native people picking cotton and harvesting wheat, a cotton ginning factory, and the main Gezira canal. It also shows views of the Sennar irrigation Dam during and after its construction, which was completed in 1925. Additionally, there are six photographs of Khartoum, including government buildings, Gordon College, Kitchener Memorial Medical School, people sitting in the garden of the Grand Hotel Khartoum and a group of Sudanese soldiers standing at the Khartoum Palace, captioned “The Governor General’s escort” (likely members of the Sudan Defense Force which was formed in 1925). There are also several photographs of southern Sudan along the White Nile, including images of a post boat near Rejaf and people in dugout canoes and on a Nile boat near Taufikia. Several interesting ethnographic photographs show native people, including portraits of a Hadendoa, an Azande, and a Shilluk, and there are photographs of local vendors at the grain market in Omdurman, women sitting outside a straw hut in Kassala, and people holding a camel outside “Arab Houses” in Suakin (once the region’s chief trading port that fell into disrepair in the 1920s). Many of the locations shown in the album are along the railway network in Northern and Central Sudan. A photo of a map at the beginning of the album shows existing and proposed Sudan Government railway routes: the latest one recorded is the Hayya – Kassala route completed in 1924. Also included is one photograph of a government railway express train. Overall, an excellent album with strong interesting photographs.
Captioned Photos: N°1287 Mail Boat at Halfa; N°1289 Roman Fort at Halfa Reach (?); N° 1220 Sudan Gov’ Railways Express Train; N° 1292 The Palace Khartoum; N°803 The Governor Generals Escort at the Palace Khartoum; N°1295 Grand Hotel Khartoum; N°1278 Government Buildings Khartoum; N°849 Khartoum. Gordon College; N°1219 Kitchener Memorial Medical School; N°1209 Omdurman. The Grain Market; N°990 Port Sudan Quays; N°1312 Suakin. Arab Houses; N°680 A Hadendoa; N°1284 Kassala Mountain; N°1290 A scene in Kassala; N°1294 A scene in Kassala; N°1254 Sennar Dam looking East. Upstream side under construction; N°1269 Sennar Dam. View below the Dam Completed; N°1291 Main Gezira Canal; N°847 Cotton Picking; N°2028 Cotton Ginning Factory; N°848 Harvesting Wheat; N°1293 Police Camel Race; N°1217 Rejaf Post Boat; N°1205 A boat at Taufikia; N°908 Azande on Trek; N°1213 Dugout canoes on the White Nile near Taufikia; N°826 A Shilluk; N°907 Grinding Telebun; N°987 Herd of Elephant.


[Album of Ninety-Five Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of German East Africa (modern-day Tanzania), Showing Dar-es-Salaam and Tanganyika Railway under Construction, German Engineers and their Camps, Bridges, Locomotives, a Train Crash, Stations in Msua, Ngerengere, Kigwe, Saranda, and Tabora, Native Villages and People et al.]

Ca. 1904-1912. Oblong Folio (25x32,5 cm). 12 stiff light green album leaves. With 94 mounted original gelatin silver photographs, each ca. 8,5x11,5 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ½ in), and one larger photo ca. 12x15,5 cm (4 ¾ x 6 in) loosely inserted. About 25 images captioned in manuscript in German in black ink or pencil on mounts. Original green half cloth album with papered boards and gilt lettered title on the front cover. Binding slightly rubbed on extremities and weakened on hinges, otherwise a very good album of strong images.
Historically interesting first-hand account of the construction of the Tanganyika Railway or Central Line in German East Africa, modern-day Tanzania. The line was constructed in 1904-1914 and stretched from Dar-es-Salaam (then the capital of the colony) to Kigoma on Lake Tanganyika via Morogoro, Dodoma, Manyoni and Tobora. Compiled by a German engineer or a high-ranking worker on the railway, the album includes over thirty photos of the line and its construction, including views of the German engineers’ camps (“My camp with the view tower,” “Camp, my hut,” “Camp, hut with supplies (vorratshütte)”), different sections of the line (i.e. “Km 611”), bridges, locomotives, three photos of an “accident on the railway, km. 614-537,” photos of native construction workers removing debris for the future line, and views of several stations on the railway, including Msua, Ngerengere, Kigwe, Saranda, and Tabora. Several portraits depict German engineers and probably the compiler of the album, posing “with the Catholic missionaries, Uluguru,” while eating next to their tent, with the game hunting trophies, on the railway (“Km 610, Engineer Schablitzki and Engineer Drengler”) et al. (two photos show a German rider in Tanzania with handwritten dedications on verso, one is supplemented with a comment “hübscher Mann” by the album’s compiler on recto). Other photos show native villages along the route of the railway, and their inhabitants, and Dar-es-Salaam (harbour, several streets and Catholic Saint Joseph's Metropolitan Cathedral). Overall a very interesting evocative album.


[Album of 109 Original Albumen Photographs Showing the Architecture, People and Places Along the North and East Coast of Tunisia Titled:] Souvenir de Tunisie.

1884. Large Oblong Folio album ca. 27,5x35,5 cm (10 ¾ x 14 in). 109 original albumen photographs including 93 ca. 13,5x22,5 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) to 20x26 cm (8x10 in), and 16 ca. 16,5x11,5 cm (6 ½ x 4 ½ in) to 20x15,5 cm (8x6 in) mounted on recto and/or verso of 46 beige album leaves. 48 images are captioned in period manuscript pencil or in negative on the print by the studio. Period red quarter Morocco with gilt title on front cover and pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Some mounts mildly foxed and a couple of photographs mildly faded but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
This album contains photographs showing landscapes, villages and local people along the North and East coast of Tunisia during a visit by French officials in 1884 (soon after the Marsa convention was signed in 1883, which required administrative and judicial reforms under the French Protectorate). Interesting are photographs showing officials: one photograph shows a French official sitting next to a group of Tunisian people and another shows a procession of officials on horses, followed by local people, nuns and other religious figures. A group photo of Tunisian people is captioned “National Tour 1884.” A large portion of the images shows Tunis, including the old port of Carthage, clothing and perfume markets, and several photographs of the Dar el Bey government palace. Three large photographs show buildings and people along the banks of the Bizerte canal. Images of Sfax include the crowded Central street, a market near the city’s ramparts, and a view of the city. Four photographs show Kairouen, particularly the interior and exterior of the Grand Mosque. There are also many photographs of the rural regions in between towns, including an image of people gathering water at an oasis between Menzel and Djaraa, women cleaning clothes in a valley near Gabes, Arab horsemen, and an oasis near Nefta. Also included are several photographs of Malta, including Fort St Angelo and the Royal Theatre. Overall an extensive collection of excellent photographs of Tunisia.
Captioned Photos:
Porte de France; La residence; Dar el Bey; Souk des Tailleurs; Souk des Parfums; Vue du Bardo; Vue de Carthage; Cathédrale de Carthage; Chapelle de St Louis, Entrée du Musée, Carthage; Le Canal (Bizerte); Vue du Canal; Rue a Sfax; Anciens ports de Carthage; Palais dar Hussein; Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée Kairouen; Vue de Sfax; Marché a l’alfa devant les remparts (Sfax); Rue Centrale (Sfax); Marché de Djara; Dans l’oasis à Gabés; Entre Menzel et Djaraa; Pont de Menzel; Sur les bords de l’Oued Gabés; Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée à Kairouen; Ancien Harem (Bardo); Escalier des lions au Bardo; Alger, Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée; Gabès; Oasis de Nefta; Cavaliers Arabes; Jardin à Nefta; A Travers l’Oasis de Tozeur; Piscine Romaine à Gafsa; Tunis, Place de la Kasbah; Tunis, Entrée du Dar-el-Bey; Cour du Dar-el-Bey, Tunis; Marabout ruiné, près du fort Sidi-ben-Hassen; Fort St Angelo, Malta; Royal Theatre, Malta; Strada Sta Lucia, Malta; Tomb of Compte Beanjolais, St John’s church, Malta; Grande Mosquée Kairouen; Anciens Ports de Carthage; Maison Arabe; Souk des Parfums; Vue Générale Kairouen; Tunis Regardant la Kasbah; El-Djem; Tour National 1834.


[Album of Fifty-Six Original Gelatin Silver and Platinum Photographs Showing Ethnographic Views and Colonial Buildings and Infrastructure in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania Following the Construction of the Uganda Railway (1896-1901).]

Ca. 1907. Large Oblong Folio album ca. 26x33,5 cm (10 ¼ x 13 in). 13 light green stiff card album leaves. 56 gelatin silver and platinum photographs including 15 photographs ca. 15x21 cm (5 x 8 ½ in), 8 each ca. 10,5x15 cm (4x6 in), and the rest ca. 6,5x10 cm (2 ½ x 4 in) and slightly smaller, mounted recto and verso. All but 10 captioned in period manuscript blue ink or pencil. Period dark brown quarter sheep with gilt bands, brown pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Album and photographs in very good condition.
This album contains photographs of local people and colonial establishments in British East Africa (present-day Kenya), Uganda (protectorate established in 1896) and German East Africa (present-day Tanzania). A large portion of the photographs are taken along the Uganda Railway from Mombasa, where the Railway began in 1896, to the terminus at Kisumu on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria, where it was completed in 1901. One image shows local people standing near a railway station, and another shows railway worker gangers gathering near a cart. Several photographs show an Indian Bazaar in Nairobi, likely started by a community of British Indian labourers who were brought to Kenya to complete the railway in the late 1890s. "Built during the Scramble for Africa, the Uganda Railway was the one genuinely strategic railway to be constructed in tropical Africa at that time. 2,498 workers died during its construction"(Wikipedia). Many of the images are ethnographic studies of the local peoples including portraits, groups standing in a row with women holding their young children, people working, native settlements and market scenes. One photograph shows Kikuyu Natives in Nairobi sorting coffee beans on the ground as a European supervisor watches. Several images show colonial buildings, including the Memorial Cathedral in Mombasa (the administrative centre of British East Africa until 1905), and a Missionary Society School in Uganda which was founded in 1895 to educate native chiefs’ sons. Also included are images of a Government House, and a U.M.C.A. (Universities' Mission to Central Africa?) House and Chapel in Tanga, Tanzania, which was the first establishment and administrative center of German East Africa. Overall, an excellent album showing local peoples and colonial establishments in British East Africa, Uganda and German East Africa.
List of photographs:
Wakamba Women, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives B.E.A.; Kisumu Beef Market; Kikuyu boy outside hut, Nairobi 1907; Uganda Railway Co. Steamers on Lake Victoria, Nyanza, 1907, Kisumu; Ripon Falls, Source of the Nile, Jinja, Uganda; Exterior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; River View, Magda, G.E. Africa; Indian Bazaar, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Indian Bazaar, Natives Shopping, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Namirembe Markey, Uganda; Kampala Fort, Uganda; Ripon Falls, Jinja, Uganda; Queen Victoria’s Statue, Nairobi B.E.A.; Canoe, Lake Victoria Nyanza; Mengo, Uganda, C.M.S. School for sons of chiefs in foreground; Scenery, French Mission, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives sorting coffee beans, French Mission, Nairobi B.E.A.; Kibwezi Natives, B.E. Africa; Kavirondo Native; Kikuyu Women going to market, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Group, B.E.A.; Kavirondo Native; Watching the train pan, Kibos, B.E.A.; Kisumu Market; Gangers, Uganda Railway, B.E.A.; Interior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; King’s Lake, Mengo, Uganda; Waterfall near Magila, G.E.A. (2 views); Bagamoyo Village, Magila, G.E.A.; Tanga Bay, G.E.A.; Street in Tanga, G.E.A.; U.M.C.A. Mission House and Chapel, Tanga, G.E.A.; Government House, Tanga G.E.A.; Bridge built by the late Padre Harrison, Magila, G.E.A.; Village, Magila, G.E.A.; River, Magila, G.E.A.; View, Magila, G.E.A.; Public Gardens, Tanga, G.E.A.; Native Street, Tanga, G.E.A. (2 views); Bismarck’s Monument, Tanga, G.E.A.; Kisumu Market, B.E.A. (2 views); Station on the Uganda Railway, B.E.A.


ARNOUX, Hippolyte (active 1859-1888)
[Album with Twenty-three Large Original Albumen Photographs Including Two Panoramas by Hippolyte Arnoux Showing the Newly Completed Suez Canal (1869) with Views of Port Said and Ismaïlia].

Ca. 1869. Oblong Folio album ca. 36x46 cm (14x18 in), with 23 large original albumen photographs including two panoramas ca. 18,5x81 cm (7 ¼ x 32 in) and ca. 18,5x78 cm (7 ¼ x 30 ¾ in), one very large photograph ca. 32x43,5 cm (12 ¾ x 17 in), and the rest each ca. 22x26,5 cm (8 ½ x 10 ½ in), mounted on recto of stiff white card leaves, all but three captioned in French and nine signed in negative by the studio. Original publishers red quarter morocco with pebbled cloth boards gilt titled “Album du Canal de Suez / H. Arnoux Phot. / Port – Said” with marbled endpapers. Some wear at extremities and spine and slight discoloration of album boards around edges, but overall a very good album with strong, clear photographs.
This album contains twenty-three original albumen photographs of sights along the Suez Canal and views of Port Saïd and Ismaïlia. There are two large, fully mounted panoramic views, including one showing the Canal and Port Said. Also included is one portrait of Ferdinand Lesseps (1805 – 1894), the French diplomat who developed and led the construction of the Suez Canal, and one photographic map of the canal. Overall, an excellent album with large views along the Suez Canal, as well as Port Saïd and Ismaïlia.
Photograph captions: Pirée à jetée Ouest (Port Said); Place de Lessepa; El Kantara (Choute de Syrie); Gare d’El Ferdanne; Courbe d’El Girsh; Chalet du Vice-Roi à l’entrée du Lac de Timsak; Fonction du Canal au Lac Timsak; Quai Mehemet Ali (Ismaïlia); Palais du Khedive; Lac Timsak; Chalet de Ferdinand de Lesseps (Ismaïlia); Kabut el Souek, Lacs Amers; Gare Guillaumet; Courbe du Canal à Chalouf; Panorama de Suez; Embouchure du Canal de Suez; Rade de Suez; Bassin de Chadoub Suez; Buste du Lieutenant Waghoui au terre-plein de Suez; Fontaine de Moïse (Suez); Canal Maritime de Suez.
Hippolyte Arnoux (active ca. 1860 - ca. 1890) was a French photographer and publisher. During the 1860s, he documented the excavation of the Suez Canal and published the resulting photographs as Album du Canal de Suez. (Wikipedia) “The Suez Canal, is a large, artificial maritime canal in Egypt west of the Sinai Peninsula. It is 101 miles long and 984 feet wide at its narrowest point, running between Port Said on the Mediterranean Sea, and Suez (al-Suways) on the far northern shore of the Red Sea… In 1854 and 1856, Ferdinand de Lesseps, a former French diplomat with friendly connections with Egyptian authorities, obtained a concession from Said Pasha, the Ottoman viceroy of Egypt, to create a company to construct a maritime canal open to ships of all nations, according to plans created by Austrian engineer Alois Negrelli. The company was to operate the canal by leasing the relevant land for 99 years from its opening, for navigation purposes only. The Suez Canal Company came into being on December 15, 1858” (Revolvy).


[Album with 112 Gelatin Silver Photographs of a British Desert Campaign at Egypt’s Western Frontier in 1915 (Pre-Formation of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, Assembled by General Archibald Murray), Showing the Life of Soldiers in Camps and During Marches, Native Villages and People, and Views in Mersa Matruh, Gezireh, Cairo, Abbassia and Alexandria.]

1915. Oblong folio album ca. 21x33 cm (8 ¼ x 13 in) with 112 original black and white and sepia gelatin silver photographs mounted loosely in windows on recto and verso of 10 green stiff card leaves (album has 25 leaves total), all but 4 captioned and two dated in period manuscript ink on the leaves. Period green gilt tooled half sheep with green cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Very mild wear at album corners and head and foot of spine, one minor scrape at foot of spine, some images mildly faded and ca. 16 photographs with mild foxing, but overall a very good album with strong, sharp photographs.
This album with 112 original photographs shows military activities, villages, and local people during a 1915 British desert campaign in Egypt, likely the Western Frontier Force (part of the Force in Egypt). The Western Frontier Force was formed on 20 November 1915 under Major-General Alexander Wallace, C.B and concentrated at Mersa Matruh, beginning operations against the Senussi in late 1915. The Force in Egypt, along with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, became part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) on 10 March 1916 under General Archibald Murray, who appears in two of the photographs, inspecting the South African troops on horseback. The album also contains interesting photographs of the “Soudanese Camel Corps” and “the Dorset Yeomanry in the Desert near Cairo,” who were deployed to Egypt in 1915, then participated in the Dardanelles campaign (Wikipedia). Two photographs show the aftermath of a battle at Um Rakkum, including the “red cross wagons bringing in the wounded.” There are numerous photographs of life in soldiers’ barracks and camps, including one photo taken on Christmas morning 1915. Also included are numerous photographs of native people and villages, with a series of images showing native fishermen, and the portrait of a native “water seller.” Additionally, 10 views at the beginning of the album show the soldiers before their arrival in Egypt, in Kings Lynn and Rusham (UK) and Valetta Harbour (Malta). A very interesting album with strong photographs showing military activity, the life of British soldiers, and Indigenous people in Egypt during the First World War.
Photographs include: Abbassia Barracks Cairo; The Officers Mess at Gezireh; The Citadel Hospital at Cairo; a photo of named soldiers on Horseback at the Pyramid of Cheops (Sergeant Hobbs, Corporal Hawkins, Sergeant Hansford, Sergeant Cox, and Private Makin); Kasr El Nil Barracks Cairo; Native Fisherman and fishing techniques; The Sultan of Egypt going to Prayer; Army Camp at Chat near Alexandria; Exercising Horses at Abbassia; The Camel Corp Abbassia; Gun emplacement at Abbassia; Soldiers in the Morattam Hills; Mena Camp near Cairo; Watering the Horses at an Oasis; Trekking in the Desert; on trek on the Khedivial Road on the Western front of Egypt; Matruh Camp; The Soudanese Camel Corps; The First Casualty at Um Rakkum; Red Cross Wagons bringing in the Wounded at Un Rakkum December 13th 1915; Digging in at Um Rakkum; Hospital Ship at Matruh; Landing Horses at Matruh; camp at Matruh 1915; Sikhs washing at Alexandria; Caves at Matruh; Troops relaxing on Christmas Day 1915 at Matruh; The Departure of a Column from Matruh Camp; South African Scottish troops in Egypt; South African Scottish with Springbok Mascot and Pipers; A Brigade of South Africans on Parade; General Archibald Murray and Staff inspecting South Africans Sidi Bishr Alexandria; Soldiers after being fumigated; Changing camp at Sidi Bashr; Gibraltar; The Troop Ship HMAT Orsava; The Troop Ship HMAT Lake Michigan; The Cook House at Matruh.


[Album of Thirty-Five Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Taken During the British Mesopotamian Campaign of WWI, Showing Local People, Buildings and Soldiers in Basra, Baghdad, Amarah and Mosul.]

Ca. 1914-1918. Oblong Octavo, ca. 20,5x25 cm (8 x 9 ¾ in). Twelve card stock leaves. With 35 mounted gelatin silver photographs, each ca. 10,5x6,5 cm (4 x 2 ½ in) or slightly smaller. 16 photographs captioned with period typescript labels pasted on leaves. Brown stiff card covers fastened with a string; gilt lettered title “Album” on the front cover; embossed number “BB2” on the inner side of the back cover. Two photos previously removed, otherwise a very good album of strong interesting photographs.
Interesting collection of lively original snapshots taken by a British soldier during the Mesopotamian Campaign (1914-18) of WW1, showing local people, urban scenes, and military activity in Iraq. Several photographs of Basra (captured by the British in 1914) show local people and buildings along the Shatt al-Arab (Arvund Rud) River, and Saint Patrick’s Roman Catholic Church, which appears to be built from mud and straw. Photographs of Amarah (captured by the British in 1915) show a gathering of soldiers for a “Camp Fire,” and buildings and boats along the Tigris river. Views of Baghdad (captured by the British in 1917) show the General Headquarters, a mosque (likely the Sheik Abdul Kadir Mosque), and soldiers of the British Indian army posing to the photographer. Interesting are two photographs of Mosul (British forces arrived in 1918), showing a mosque and cemetery. Other photos include some excellent portraits – two local men holding goats by the horns and carrying long swords, a British soldier posing with a group of Kurds; two photos of the Baghdad railway (one showing a crash with a railway cart being tipped over), “transport mules” et al. Additionally, one photograph shows a landscape view taken from Hamadan, Persia [Iran], a city occupied by the British in 1918. Overall, an interesting album with sharp photographs of local people, buildings and military activity in Iraq during the First World War.


[Album of Seventy-Eight Original Gelatin Silver Photographs (Including Nine Real Photo Postcards) Compiled by a German Officer of the 146th Infantry Regiment during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of WW1, and Showing Jerusalem, Several Towns and Villages in Modern-Day West Bank (Nablus, Biddya, Mesudye, Sebastia), Syria (Deraa, Homs), Jordan River, Istanbul and the Return Voyage to Germany via Gibraltar, Titled:] Feldzug in Palästina 1918 und Heimkehr [Palestine Campaign in 1918 and the Voyage Home; [WITH: A Period Typescript Military Report in German (4 pp.) on the Involvement of the 146th Infantry Regiment in the Battle at Damascus 30 Sept. & 1st of Oct. 1918; and a German map of Palestine and North Mesopotamia]
1918-1919. Oblong Folio (22x29,5 cm). 24 stiff grey album leaves with tissue guards. With 78 mounted original gelatin silver photographs, including about 25 large photos ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in), and 33 snapshots ca. 5,5x8,5 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ¼ in), the rest of photos are sized in between; all photos captioned in German on the mounts or the images; with ten real photo postcards ca. 9x13 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¼ in) captioned in negative. Original brown full cloth album fastened with a string. With a period typescript military report in German (4 pp.), and a German map of Palestine and North Mesopotamia loosely inserted. Overall a very good album, with strong interesting images.
Historically important photographic eye-witness account of the last months of Sinai and Palestine Campaign (January 1915 – October 1918) during WW1. The album was compiled by a German officer serving in the Turkish 146th Regiment of the 46th Infantry Division, which was originally a purely Turkish unit with a few German officers acting as councillors, but later in the campaign was reinforced with several German artillery and machine gun battalions, and was moved to the Palestinian front in the end of 1917.
Interesting images include a dozen photos of various settlements in the modern-day West Bank: street views of Nablus (several featuring German officers), Biddya, Mesudiye (works on a railway), a mosque in Sebastia village; several views of Jerusalem (Omar Mosque, Damascus Gate, young water seller); three large photos of ancient Roman ruins in Wadi Amman (Jordan); a series of photos showing German soldiers blasting hard rock (including a snapshot with a German “army film crew” making a movie of it); several views of Deraa (Syria) showing streets in full of refugees, German soldiers from the 146 infantry regiment on watch at the railway station in Deraa, Arabian town, and a detachment of volunteer Druzes; eight photos of Homs (city panoramas and street views, a portrait of an old Syrian commander of the railway station, a square in front of the railway station); photos of armed Bedouins, body of a dead Armenian soldier; image of a train with open cars transporting German soldiers and munitions “towards Tautus [Mountains]” in spring 1918, and others. The album also houses two portraits of Otto Liman von Sanders (1855-1929), the head of the German military mission to the Ottoman Empire since 1913 and the General Commander of the Ottoman army during the Sinai and Palestine campaign in 1918. Liman von Sanders in shown alone and with his two daughters at the entrance to his house in Haifa in 1918. Real photo postcards show “execution of a spy”, members of the “Wüstengeschwader,” Arab cemetery, two views of the Joseph’s Tomb (near Nablus), a view of Nablus, entrance to the Jacob’s Well, and ruins of the Herod’s Palace in Samaria.
The album closes with nineteen photos taken in Istanbul and during the return voyage to Germany via Gibraltar, showing a street in the Galata district, street shoe cleaners in the Kadikoy neighbourhood, a view of Kadikoy taken from the ship, British torpedo boat near Istanbul, Halki (Heybeliada) and Prinkipo (Buyukada) Islands near Istanbul, the strait of Dardanelles and fort Kilid Bahr, Gibraltar, German officers in their room on board “Etha Rickmers” which brought them to Wilhemshaven in March 1919, “First German torpedo boat greeting us at Heligoland,” embarkation at Wilhemshaven, and others.
Overall an interesting historically important photographic source on the history of the Mesopotamian Campaign.


[Album with Fifty-five Original Albumen Photographs of Istanbul and Bursa, Including a Large Ten-Part Panorama of Istanbul].

Ca. 1890s. Folio album (ca. 38x27 cm (14 ¾ x 10 ½ in). 32 stiff card leaves (3 blank). With a ten-part albumen photo panorama of Constantinople ca. 238,5x19,5 cm (94 x 7 ¾ in), dissected, mounted on linen put together in accordion-like manner; and 54 mounted albumen prints, ca. 20,5x26,5 cm (8 x 10 ½ in). All but one or two captioned, numbered and signed “Sebah & Joailler” in negatives, some additionally dated in negative (“1894”). Handsome period maroon full sheep album decoratively blind stamped, gilt tooled decorative borders on both boards and gilt lettered owner’s initials "V.F.B" on the front board; moiré endpapers, all edges gilt. Album slightly rubbed, but overall a very good album of strong images.
Attractive album with unusual and interesting photos taken by the important Istanbul studio of Jean Sebah (1872-1947) and Polycarpe Joailler (1848-1904) - official photographers of the Ottoman Sultan since 1899. It includes thirty-one attractive views of Istanbul and twenty-four photos of Bursa, the ancient second capital of the Ottoman Empire, located in northwestern Anatolia at the foot of Mount Uludag – the ancient Mysian Olympus. The album opens with a stunning panorama of Istanbul (Constantinople) taken from the top of the Galata Tower, showing a densely built city, laying on both shores of the Strait of Bosphorus and the Inlet of Golden Horn, Old and New Galata Bridges, Seraglio Point with the Topkapi Palace, the building of the Ottoman Bank (constructed in 1890-1892), Hagia Sophia, the Süleymaniye Mosque and other sites of Istanbul’s historic peninsula. The other thirty photos of Constantinople show the British embassy in Therapia (Tarabya), Seraglio Point, Golden Horn taken from the Pera Palace Hotel, New and Old Galata Bridges, Galata Tower, Tophane district and Nusretiye Mosque, Dolmabahçe Palace on the shore of the Bosphorus, Yıldız Palace and Hamidiye Mosque, Yedikule Fortress, Sultan Ahmed Mosque and the Hippodrome, Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Mosque, Hagia Sophia, interiors of the Süleymaniye Mosque and Hagia Sophia, a close-up portrait of a Turkish couple, and others. The twenty-four views of Bursa include several panoramas of the city with the Grand Mosque of Bursa and Mount Uludag in the background, five views of Bursa Bazaar with the sellers posing in front of their small shows, photos of the Muradiye Mosque, Sultan Orhan’s Tomb, interiors of the Grand Mosque and Bayezid I Mosque, façade, entrance and interior of the Green Mosque, and others.
“Constantinople-based photographic studio Sebah & Joaillier formed from a partnership between Joannes (Jean) Pascal Sebah and Policarpe Joaillier which dates only from 1890, but from its establishment, took over the marketing of the catalogue of fine images produced in Turkey and Egypt by Pascal Sebah. Sebah operated a studio in Constantinople from the 1860s, and also worked in Egypt from 1873. The same images, therefore, have been marketed by the studio at various times as being the work of P. Sebah, J.P. Sebah, or Sebah & Joaillier. Following Pascal Sebah’s death in 1886, the Turkish studio was operated by his brother Cosimi for a time, who also trained Pascal’s son in the art of photography. Joannes, known as Jean, reputedly joined the business aged 16, took it over at aged 18, and immediately entered into a partnership with Policarpe Joaillier. Joaillier returned to France in 1910, but with subsequent partners, Jean Sebah remained actively involved with the studio until 1943. From the 1870s, Sebah, and later Sebah and Joaillier, were major subjects of evocative imagery to the increasing number of people to undertook the Victorian Grand Tour. Their studio images of Egyptians and Nubians in “traditional” costumes and undertaking “traditional” tasks were highly popular, and indeed had been Pascal Sebah’s Les Costumes Popularies de la Turquie published to critical acclaim in 1873” (Hannavy, J., ed. Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography. Vol. 1, New York, 2008, p. 1261). The studio became the official photographers of the Ottoman Sultan in 1899.


[Album of Ninety-Six Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from a Voyage in the Mediterranean, Middle East and Up the Nile, with Some Unusual Views of Pompeii, Constantinople, Izmir, Beirut, Sidon, Haifa, Luxor, Shellal, Wadi Halfa and Kosti.]

1900. Oblong Folio album ca. 25x32,5 cm (9 ¾ x 12 ¾ in). 12 card stock leaves. With 96 original gelatin silver photographs each ca. 5x8 cm (2x3 in). Images inserted recto and verso in the windows of the album leaves; over 50 photos captioned in French in period manuscript black ink on the images or in pencil on the mounts. Original green full pebbled cloth album with gilt lettered title “En Orient. 1900” on the front board; marbled endpapers. Album slightly rubbed on the spine, several images slightly faded, otherwise a very good album.
This interesting collection of original snapshots falls into two major parts: a voyage around the Mediterranean on board the “Senegal” steamer of the Messageries Maritimes Co., from Marseille to Pompeii, Smyrna (Izmir), Constantinople (Istanbul), Beirut, Sidon, and Haifa; and a voyage up the Nile as far as Kosti (south of Khartum, Sudan). The first part contains eleven well-executed photos of the ruins in Pompei, several photos of Izmir (city panoramas taken from the ship, the quay, portraits of a guard from the convoy of the French consulate, local lemonade seller, et al); over twenty views of Istanbul (panoramas of the Golden Horn and the Bosporus strait, Sultan Ahmed Mosque, pedestrians crossing one of the bridges over the Golden Horn, narrow street with wooden buildings, a nearby village, a rowboat carrying passengers and provisions, et al.). There are also eight photos taken in Beirut, Sidon, and Haifa, including a view of the Franciscan convent at Mount Carmel. The second part of the album (28 photos) contains excellent snapshots of train stations in Kosti and Shellal (a village near Aswan, Egypt), station on the Nile in Wadi Halfa, water pumping mechanism in Khartoum, several steamers on the White Nile, including “Reine Astrid”, Luxor Hotel; ancient Egyptian temples in Luxor, Karnak, Thebes, Colossi of Memnon, a portrait of “Bedouin children” and others. Overall a very good album documenting with some lively unusual views of the Mediterranean, Middle East and North Africa.
Captions: Constantinople: Quartier de Stamboul – Ste Sophie; Stamboul – Jardin de l’ancien serail; Entree de la corne d’or, Tour de Galata; Quai de la cie des M.M.; Infanterie Turque; Palais du frere du Sultan; Mosquee a Istamboul; Le pont sur la corne d’or; La sublime porte; Porte du ministere de la guerre; Une rue dans Stamboul; Un Palais du Sultan sur le Bosphore; Château d’Europe; Femmes de Harem sur le quai; Barque de provisions; Village station terminus pres de la mer Noire Navire des Messageries.
Paquebot Le Senegal; Pompei – Une Rue – Le Vesuve; Pompei Rue Principale; Detroit et phare de Messine Priere du soir arabe sur le navire; Vue de Smyrne – Torpilleurs Russes; Pour eviter le mal de mer; Debarquement a Smyrne; Douane a Smyrne; Smyrne – Quai le lendemain de la fete jubilaire du Sultan; Caravane de Chameaux; Smyrne – Convoi de consulat francais; Marchand de Citronnade; A bord du Senegal – Passerelle de l’officier; Vue de la Poupe; Vue de la proue; Beyrouth – Vue generale – Ecole des Jesuites; Beyrouth – Vue prise du couvent de Nazareth; Beyrouth – Hotel au bord de la mer; Petit negre orphelin; Vue de Saida Fort des Croises; Entre du port de Saida; Kaifa – Chaine du Carmel; Couvent au Mont Carmel; Gare de Kosti; Temple du Louxor; Le Nil Blanc; Gare de Shellal; Reine Astrid; Une Noria; Gare de Wadi Halfa; Karnak – Porte Ptolemee; Enfants Bedouins; Thebes – Vallee des Rois.


About Us | Contact Us ©2018 The Wayfarer's Bookshop     
Antiquarian Booksellers Association of Canada International League of Antiquarian Booksellers Provincial Booksellers' Fairs Association International Map Collectors' Society The Ephemera Society Royal Geographical Society