July 2016 - Exploration,Travels & Voyages - Books, Maps & Prints Including New Acquisitions

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June 2016 - Exploration, Travels & Voyages - Archives, Journals, Letters & Manuscripts

CASSIN, John (1813-1869)
Illustrations of the Birds of California, Texas, Oregon, British and Russian America.

Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., [1853-]1856. First Edition. Quarto (28x20 cm). Viii, 298 pp. With fifty hand-colored lithographed plates by William E. Hitchcock, the first twenty after George G. White. 20th century red gilt tooled full sheep with raised bands. Spine slightly rubbed, plates generally clean, plate 10 with light wear to top margin, text very mildly age toned, overall a very good copy.
"First edition in book form, originally issued in ten parts from 1853 to 1855. The work aimed to cover the species discovered since the appearance of Audubon's Birds of America. Cassin (1813-1869) headed an engraving and lithographing firm in Philadelphia which produced illustrations for government and scientific publications. He pursued ornithology as an amateur, giving his spare time to the Philadelphia Academy of Science which was developing the largest bird specimen collection then in existence. Cassin arranged and catalogued the 26,000 specimens, and published regular reports of the results of his research. Unlike Audubon, his publications were primarily technical monographs of new species" (Sothebys). This work was "to be regarded in some measure as an addition to the works of former authors in American Ornithology, but at the same time complete in itself" (Preface). Cassin especially sought to describe birds not known to Audubon. Lada-Mocarski 144; Nissen 173; Sabin 11369; Sitwell p. 85; Wood p. 281; Zimmer p. 124.


MERCATOR, Michael (c. 1567-1600)
[Map of the Americas Titled:] America sive India Nova.

Duisburg, ca. 1607. Second Latin Edition. An attractive copper engraved map ca. 36,5x45,5 cm (14 ½ x 18 ½ in). Map age-toned, slightly more around centerfold, but overall a very good strong impression with wide margins.
"After the death of the great Gerard Mercator in 1594 it was left to his son Rumold to publish the last of three parts that formed his famous atlas, the Atlantis Pars Altera. The atlas was finished with a number of maps engraved by various descendants of Gerard. The task of the American map was given to his grandson Michael. The only printed map known to be by him, it is beautifully engraved. It is not well known that he was the engraver of the famous Drake silver medal of 1589. At that time he was resident in London. It is a hemispherical map contained within an attractive floral design, and surrounded by four roundels, one of which contains the title. The other three contain maps of the gulf of Mexico, Cuba and Hispaniola, all spheres of Spanish influence. The general outline is largely taken from Rumold Mercator's world map of 1587, with a little more detail added. A few of the most famous theories are still present: a large inland lake in Canada, two of the four islands of the North Pole, a bulge to the west coast of South America and the large southern continent. It does not show any knowledge of the English in Virginia, which is possibly a reflection of their failure by then. A large St. Lawrence river is shown originating half way across the continent" (Burden 87); Canada 644; Koeman I, 9000:1A; Tooley K-P p. 238-40; Wagner 179.


ORTELIUS, A[braham] (1527-1598)
[Map of Western Hemisphere Titled:] Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio.

Antwerp, ca. 1571. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 36,5x50,5 cm (14 ½ x 20 in). Map cleaned and sized and with some expert minor repair to lower blank margin, remains of archival mounting tape on verso. Overall still a very good and attractive map.
This attractive ornamental map is an impression from the first of three copperplates, without the publisher's address, second state (of three) with the Azores correctly labelled. From one of the third Latin editions, 1571-73. "Ortelius depicts the discoveries of a number of people on this map, but the general shape of the continent is derived from Gerard Mercator's great twenty-one sheet world map of the previous year. The two of them had a close relationship and shared their knowledge openly with each other.., One of the main noticeable features of the map is the bulbous Chilean coastline; this was not corrected until his third plate. A strategically placed cartouche hides a complete lack of knowledge of the southern waters of the Pacific. Once through the Strait of Magellan the voyager's sea route took him on an almost direct course for the East Indies. No sight had been made of a large continent but conventional wisdom had it that there had to be as much land in the southern hemisphere as in the northern. This was not fully dispelled until the second voyage of the remarkable Captain James Cook in 1772-75. The west coast of North America is shown too far west, as was common at the time" (Burden 39).
"This is one of the most famous maps of America and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The map features an exaggerated breadth of the North American continent, with a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego" (Old World Auctions); Broecke 9.2; Koeman III, 9000: 31A; Tooley, America S. 320; Wagner 80.


HORSLEY, Samuel (1733-1806) & PHIPPS, Constantine John (1744-1792)
Remarks on the Observations Made in the Late Voyage Towards the North Pole, for Determining the Acceleration of the Pendulum, In Latitude 79'50' in a Letter to the Hon. Constantine John Phipps; [Bound Following] A Voyage Towards the North Pole Undertaken by His Majesty's Command 1773.

London: B. White, W. Bowyer and J. Nichols et al., 1774. First Editions. Quarto (30x24 cm). Viii, 253, [3]; 15, [1] pp. With three folding engraved maps, twelve folding engraved views and diagrams and eleven letterpress folding tables. Handsome brown period elaborately gilt tooled full calf. Rebacked in style with a red gilt title label. Overall a near fine clean and large copy.
Horsley's "pamphlet ought to be annexed to every copy of Captain Phipps's book, and bound up with it.., it is very rare" (Sabin 33056). "Horsley was elected to the Royal Society in 1767 and his earliest publications dealt with astronomy and geometry, as here in this discussion of the navigational mathematics of Phipps's voyage to the North Pole. Horsley was very controversial in his later years, entering a bitter dispute with Sir Joseph Banks at the Royal Society, necessitating Horsley's resignation. Horsley also published an edition of Newton's works" (Christies). Captain Phipps' "expedition of the Racehorse and Carcass, undertaken for the purpose of discovering a route to India through the northern polar regions, was blocked by pack ice north of Spitsbergen. The valuable appendix gives geographical and meteorological observation, zoological and botanical records, accounts of the distillation of fresh water from the sea and astronomical observations. The voyage is perhaps best remembered for the presence of young Horatio Nelson, as midshipman aboard the Carcass, and his encounter with a polar bear" (Hill 1351). "The scientific results of the expedition included zoological and botanical observations and collections, and a meteorological journal. The expedition's farthest north exceeded the record established by Chichagov and was not surpassed until Scoresby" (Holland p.137); Sabin 62572.


KÖHLER, J[ohann] D[avid] (1684-1755)
[Atlas of the Modern World Titled:] Atlas Manualis Scholasticus et Itinerarius Complectens Novae Geographiae Tabulas LI.

Nürnberg: Johann Christoph Weigel, [1723]. Revised edition with an updated index and title. Folio (37x25 cm). With a copper engraved title (index verso), double-page copper engraved frontispiece by J. G. Berckmüller, and fifty-one original hand coloured copper engraved maps on fifty (forty-nine double-page & one folding) leaves. Original brown limp full sheep with blind stamped title on spine. Covers mildly rubbed, titled page with a couple marginal tears (with old repairs), Frontispiece slightly shaved at top at, a few maps with marginal tears and old repairs. However the atlas overall in very good and very original condition, the maps are strong impressions and generally clean with attractive unfaded original hand colouring.
The fifty-one very decorative maps include: A World map, Europe, Portugal, Spain, France, Lorraine, Great Britain, England, Scotland, Ireland, Netherlands(3), Germany and fifteen maps of German states, Switzerland, Italy and five maps of Italian states, Scandinavia, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Muscovy, Danube course, Hungary (two maps together), Greece (2), Asia, Ottoman Empire, Holy Land, Africa & America. The maps are based on designs by Homann, Moll and Goos and are decorated with very attractive cartouches. The historian Koehler and engraver and publisher Weigel collaborated on a number of atlases, this probably being the most elaborate. Johann David Kohler was a professor of logic and history at universities in Altdorf and later Göttingen and served briefly as university librarian at Altdorf. (Tooley K-P p.49). Johann Christoph Weigel (1654-1725), was a German engraver, illustrator and publisher (Tooley Q-Z p. 367); Phillips 569;


海外異聞. [Kaigai Ibun - Ichi Mei Amerika Shinwa: A Strange Tale from Overseas, or a New Account of America].

[Tokio]: Seifuen Juō, Kaei kōin [1854]. First Edition. Complete in 5 vols. Quarto (ca. 25x17 cm). [27], [19], [21], [19], [16] double leaves, including a double page woodblock hand coloured map showing East Asia, North Pacific and North America, woodcut title vignette and thirty-nine hand coloured woodblock illustrations (with thirteen double page). Text and illustrations within single borders (ca. 18,3x12,4 cm), main text ten vertical lines. Original Japanese fukuro toji bindings: white paper covers finished with brown brush strokes, leaves sewn together with strings. Stamps of a prior owner occasionally throughout, string on two volumes broken but binding is still sound, some minor worming with small losses, occasional soiling in the margins, but overall still a very good set.
“In August 1841 Hatsutaro, a peasant from Awa joined the crew of the Eju-maru (Eiju-maru) owned by Nakamuraya Ihei of Hyogo. The ship had a crew of thirteen, captained by Zensuke Inoue of Susami in Kishu. On a voyage from Hyogo to southern Oshu, the ship drifted in a storm for four months until the crew was rescued by a Spanish vessel and brought to San Jose del Cabo on the southern tip of Baja California. While Hatsutaro and a few of the others learnt Spanish, the remainder of the crew worked on a farm until such time as they were able to travel to Mazatlan, where they took passage to Japan. In 1844 Hatsutaro and his captain reached Canton in an American merchantman, then returned to Japan by way of Zhapu (Zhejiang province, China) aboard a Chinese junk.., The sailors were cross examined by the Awa clan lord, it being forbidden under normal circumstances for Japanese to travel abroad. A narrative of the voyage was compiled from the recollections of Hatsutaro by Bunzo Maekawa (a Confucian scholar) and Sakai Junzo, and published with forty-one woodblock illustrations in Japan in 1854” (Howgego, Encyclopedia of Exploration, 1800 to 1850, H11).
“Hatsutaro’s narrative circulated first in manuscript copies, possibly as early as 1844. His report was incorporated in 1846 into another manuscript, Amerika chikushi, by Inoue Shin’yo. The full text, but lacking Maekawa Bunzo’s preface, was first printed in 1854, issued by Seifuen Juo with the title Kaigai ibum: America shinwa (A Strange Tale from Overseas, or a New Account of America). It was printed by woodblock in five slender volumes; the first two comprise the narrative in chronological order, and the remaining volumes for an encyclopedia on “American” geography, climate, inhabitants, living conditions, customs, artifacts, and natural life. The set is illustrated with many woodblock prints in colour” (Kaigai Ibun/ Baja California Travel Series/ Ed. By Edwin Carpenter & Glen Dawson. Vol. 20. Los Angeles, 1970, p. 18).
The book was illustrated by Morizumi Tsurana (1809-1892), “a Sumiyoshi painter who lived in Osaka. He trained under Watanabe Hiroteru (fl. Early 19th century) and later under Sumiyoshi Hirotsura (1793-1863). He specialized in the depiction of historical subjects. Sadateru is one of his go (artist names), used before he adopted the name Tsurana. He exhibited at the Naikoku Kaiga Kyoshinkai (Domestic Painting Competition) and the Naikoku Kangyo Hakurankai (Japanese Domestic Industrial Exhibition) and served on the Art Committee of the Imperial Household” (Bonhams).


[Broadside Titled]: An Act to Authorize the Victoria and Esquimalt Railway Company Limited to Make a Railway from Esquimalt to Victoria.

[Victoria B.C.], 1862. One page on a folded double folio leaf (ca. 35,5x42,5 cm or 14 x 17 in).Pale blue paper. A fine copy.
Very rare broadside with Worldcat only locating a copy at UBC. This is a draft of an act for a railway between Victoria and Esquimalt which most likely hadn’t been accepted; unlisted in the official set of Acts. According to the document, "the Victoria and Esquimalt Railway Company Limited was duly registered on the 21st day of November, 1862" with the goal of "making of a Line of Railway between Victoria and Esquimalt, and the conveyance of passengers and goods between Esquimalt and Victoria." The Company will commit to "make and complete the permanent way of the said line <..,> within two years from the passage of this Act, unless hindered by the dangers of the sea or other unavoidable casualty." In case of approval, the Act "may be sited as the Victoria and Esquimalt Railway Act, 1862."


[Bird's-Eye Panoramic View of] Victoria, B. C. 1889.

Victoria B.C.: Ellis & Co., Publishers of "The Colonist", 1889. Tinted lithograph, printed image ca. 65x100 cm (26x40 in). With a couple of very minor repaired marginal tears, not affecting printed image. Mounted in a recent mat and attractively framed in a black wooden molded frame. A near fine lithograph.
Rare as Worldcat only locates nine copies. This large lithographic panoramic view shows Victoria B.C. As viewed from a bird's eye from the Strait of San Juan Fuca looking north. This view includes a key which identifies 63 places of interest.
"Erected in 1843 as a Hudson's Bay Company trading post on a site originally called Camosun (the native word was "camosack", meaning "rush of water") known briefly as "Fort Albert", the settlement was renamed Fort Victoria in 1846, in honour of Queen Victoria. The Songhees established a village across the harbour from the fort. The Songhees' village was later moved north of Esquimalt. When the crown colony was established in 1849, a town was laid out on the site and made the capital of the colony. The Chief Factor of the fort, James Douglas was made the second governor of the Vancouver Island Colony (Richard Blanshard was first governor, Arthur Edward Kennedy was third and last governor), and would be the leading figure in the early development of the city until his retirement in 1864..,
With the discovery of gold on the British Columbia mainland in 1855, Victoria became the port, supply base, and outfitting centre for miners on their way to the Fraser Canyon gold fields, mushrooming from a population of 300 to over 5000 literally within a few days. Victoria was incorporated as a city in 1862. In 1865, Esquimalt was made the North Pacific home of the Royal Navy, and remains Canada's west coast naval base. In 1866 when the island was politically united with the mainland, Victoria was designated the capital of the new united colony instead of New Westminster - an unpopular move on the Mainland - and became the provincial capital when British Columbia joined the Canadian Confederation in 1871" (Wikipedia); Reps 38.


SPROAT, Gilbert Malcolm (1834-1913)
British Columbia. Information for emigrants. Issued by the Agent-General for the Province.

London: W. Clowes and Son, [1873]. Octavo (21,5x14 cm). [1-] 96 pp. plus 4pp. Advertisements at end. Title wood-engraved vignette. Wood-engraved frontispiece view of the 'Harbour and Site of Victoria', a folding colour lithographed map, and three wood-engraved illustrations in text. Original yellow pictorial printed wrappers. Wrappers with some expertly repaired chips but overall in very good original condition.
Gilbert Malcolm Sproat arrived on Vancouver Island in 1860, where he helped to found the first sawmill in Port Alberni, British Columbia. On 24 July. 1863 he was made the justice of the peace for the Colony of Vancouver Island. Following British Columbia's entry into Canadian Confederation in 1871, Sproat became the new province's agent general in London, a position he held from 1872 until his return to the province in 1876. Sproat Lake and Sproat Lake Provincial Park on Vancouver Island were named in his honour. Lowther 411.


[FLAMENG, Leopold]
[Portrait Etching of Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890) after a painting by Sir Frederick Leighton].

[1879]. Etching ca. 22x18 cm (8 ½ x 7 in). A near fine wide margined etching.
This rare etching is based on the portrait by "Frederic Leighton, Baron Leighton (1830-1896). This austere, ponderous and intense image of one of the great explorers of Victorian England captures his slightly brutal character very effectively. The artist Frederic Leighton met Burton in 1869 while they were taking a cure at Vichy and they formed a firm friendship which lasted until Burton's death. On 26 April 1872, Burton began sitting for his portrait. According to Lady Burton, he was extraordinarily difficult about it, anxious that his necktie and pin might be omitted and pleading with the artist, 'Don't make me ugly, there's a good fellow.' Apparently the portrait was left unfinished when Burton departed for Trieste in October 1872 and it was not completed until 1875. It was exhibited at the Royal Academy the following year, but it is possible that Burton did not like it, because Leighton kept it at his house in Kensington. He intended to leave it to the National Portrait Gallery, of which he was a Trustee, but forgot, so the then Director, Lionel Cust, arranged for it to be donated by Leighton's sisters" (National Portrait Gallery).
Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton was a British geographer, explorer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologist, spy, linguist, poet, fencer and diplomat. He was known for his travels and explorations within Asia, Africa and the Americas as well as his extraordinary knowledge of languages and cultures. According to one count, he spoke 29 European, Asian and African languages.
Burton's best-known achievements include travelling in disguise to Mecca, an unexpurgated translation of One Thousand and One Nights (also commonly called The Arabian Nights in English after Andrew Lang's abridgement), bringing the Kama Sutra to publication in English, and journeying with John Hanning Speke as the first Europeans led by Africa's greatest explorer guide, Sidi Mubarak Bombay, utilizing route information by Indian and Omani merchants who traded in the region, to visit the Great Lakes of Africa in search of the source of the Nile. Burton extensively criticized colonial policies (to the detriment of his career) in his works and letters. He was a prolific and erudite author and wrote numerous books and scholarly articles about subjects including human behaviour, travel, falconry, fencing, sexual practices and ethnography. A unique feature of his books is the copious footnotes and appendices containing remarkable observations and unexpurgated information" (Wikipedia).


[BAEGERT, Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California..,]

Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo (17,5x10,5 cm). [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives" (Hill 46); Barrett 129;"According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.


KIPPIS, Andrew (1725-1795)
The Life of Captain James Cook.

London: Printed for G. Nichol and G.G. J. and J. Robinson, 1788. First Edition. Large Quarto (30x24 cm). xvi, 527, [1] pp. With a copper engraved portrait frontispiece of Captain Cook. Handsome brown period full calf. Rebacked in style with elaborate gilt tooling and maroon gilt title label. A very handsome near fine copy.
"Kippis' book, the first English biography of Cook, was intended to give a well-balanced account of his life from birth to death, including his family and early years, and the capacities in which he was engaged prior to the famous voyages. Cook discharged several important duties while aboard the Mercury, on the St. Lawrence River, during the siege of Quebec. The Newfoundland and Labrador surveys are discussed, and the three voyages are dealt with in great narrative depth. Kippis includes most of Samwell's narrative of Cook's death, and gives accounts of various tributes to Cook" (Hill 935); Beddie 32; "The first full-scale biography of Captain Cook, compiled from Admiralty sources as well as from documents in the possession of Sir Joseph Banks. Cook's early career on the St. Lawrence River, his surveying, and particularly his three voyages are discussed at length. The account of his death at Kealakekua is quoted almost in its entirety from the Samwell narrative of 1786. A part of Miss Seward's "Ode on the Death of Cook" is included" (Forbes 149); Holmes 69; Lada-Mocarski 40; Sabin 37954.


13. [CHINA]
EKEBERG, Carl Gustaf (1716-1784)
Capitaine Carl Gustav Ekebergs Ostindiska Resa åren 1770 och 1771. [Capitain Carl Gustav Ekeberg's Voyage to the East Indies in the Years 1770 and 1771].

Stockholm: Henr. Fougt, 1773. First Edition. Octavo (19,5x13 cm). [viii], 170, [1] pp. With a folding copper engraved map and five folding copper engraved plates. Period brown gilt tooled half sheep with speckled papered boards. Lacking front free fly-leaf, hinges with a few minor cracks, extremities with mild wear, a couple of library markings and one plate and map with minor repaired tears, but otherwise a very good copy.
Rare first edition of Ekeberg's voyage in the Swedish East India Company ship 'Prins Carl' to China where Ekeberg remained some fifteen months. There he met Peter Osbeck who included papers by Ekeberg in his 1765 voyage. Ekeberg "was a Swedish explorer who made several voyages to the East Indies and China as a sea captain. He brought back reports of the tea tree and wrote a number of books.., Ekeberg trained as physician and chemist, started his career as a ship's doctor, and became an expert navigator. Between 1742 and 1778 he made ten trips to India and China, becoming a captain in 1750 for the Swedish East India Company. He brought back numerous natural history specimens from his voyages for Linnaeus, with whom he had a close friendship, and was honoured by having the genus Ekebergia created. He was elected a Fellow of the Swedish Academy of Science in Stockholm and a Knight of the Order of Vasa in 1777.
Swedish ships from 1750 avoided calling at Cape Town, preferring to reprovision in Madagascar and St. Helena. Ekeberg though, was on good terms with the Cape governor, Rijk Tulbagh, and called on him when visiting the Cape. He was an excellent cartographer, compiling good maps of the coastlines along which he sailed, publishing them in his book Ostindiska Resa, Stockholm 1773. Ekeberg was also responsible for having Sparrman, whom he had met on a voyage to Canton in 1765, sent to the Cape in 1772 to take up a tutoring post" (Wikipedia); Howgego E12.


14. [CUBA]
Guía de forasteros en la siempre fiel isla de Cuba, y calendario manual para el año segundo despues de bisiesto [A Guide for Visitors to the always faithful Island of Cuba, and Annual Calendar…].

Habana: Del Gobierno y Capitanía General, 1838. Duodecimo (15x10 cm). 368 pp. (last page in numbered “468” by mistake). Ink inscription on verso of the first free endpaper. Period light brown full morocco with gilt tooled decorative borders on both boards, spine with gilt tooled borders and gilt lettered title; marbled papered endpapers, all edges coloured. A fine clean copy in beautiful binding.
A fine copy of the important Cuban periodical which was first published in 1781 by an outstanding Cuban writer and journalist Diego de la Barrera (1746-1802). This statistical almanac includes complete information on Cuban civil, military and religious administration, with the thorough lists of names of the current governor and his associates in Havana and other cities, mayors and staff of the town halls, certified lawyers, notaries, prosecutors, judges, land surveyors, consuls of foreign powers on Cuba; Catholic bishops, priests, and monks; teachers and professors of the Royal University of Havana, St. Carlos and St. Ambrosio Royal Seminary, Free School of Drawing and Painting; members of the Royal Patriotic Society of Santiago de Cuba, and Royal Patriotic Society of Havana (the latter with the branches in different parts of the island), College of Brokers (Collegio de corredores); list of hospitals and other establishments of public health, names of certified doctors, dentists, and pharmacists, staff of the botanical garden; information about the railways on the island (just launched in 1837); members of the Treasury, administrators of banks and other financial institutions. Part seven with a separate title page which contains lists of Cuban military commanders, starting with Captain General of Cuba Miguel Tacón y Rosique, up to the officers of all Cuban regiments; the last chapter lists all officers of the Royal fleet on Cuba. There is also a calendar, chronological lists of Spanish monarchs and Cuban Captain Generals, and others; the main text is supplemented with the alphabetical index of the main subjects.


SALT, Henry (1780-1827)
[Large Hand Coloured Aquatint, Titled]: The Town of Abha in Abyssinia.

London: William Miller, 1 May 1809. Hand coloured aquatint on thick wove paper, ca. 46x60 cm (ca. 18x23 ¾ in). Engraved by L. Bluck. With a very small minor tear on the lower margin neatly repaired, margins trimmed, otherwise a very good aquatint.
Plate XVIII from Salt's "Twenty-four views in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia and Egypt." "On 20 June 1802 Salt left England on an eastern tour, as secretary and draughtsman to Viscount Valentia (later the earl of Mountnorris). He visited India, Ceylon, and the Red Sea, and in 1805 was sent by Valentia on a mission into Abyssinia, to the ras of Tigré, whose affection and respect he gained, and with whom he left one of his party, Nathaniel Pearce. The return to England in 1806 was made by way of Egypt, where he first met the pasha, Mehmet Ali. Lord Valentia's Travels in India (1809) was partly written and completely illustrated by Salt, who published his own 24 Views in St Helena, India and Egypt in the same year" (Oxford DNB); Abbey Travel: 515


16. [EUROPE]
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Map of Europe Titled:] Moderna Europae Descriptio.

Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x34,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important map by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. "This is one of the earliest obtainable maps of the European continent. Its unusual orientation, with north at the bottom of the sheet and the Mediterranean Sea at top, also makes it one of the most interesting maps of Europe. Mountains, forests, rivers and towns fill the land and in the Atlantic Ocean there is a large sailing ship. Sebastian Munster was the first to make individual maps of each continent, and this map is from that series. The map was issued in both Munster's Geographia and Cosmographia. The verso has a title block with German text and is illustrated with an exquisite figural engraving generally attributed to Hans Holbein" (Old World Auctions).


17. [EUROPE]
SORRIOT DE L’HOST, Andreas, Freiherrn von, K.K. General Major
Carte Générale Orographique et Hydrographique de l’Europe qui montre les principales ramifications des montagnes, fleuves at chemins, avec les principales villes, dressée d’après les meilleures cartes des auteurs les plus acredites [Orographical and Hydrographical Map of Europe; With:] General Karte von Europa. Worinnen die Gestalt dieses Erdtheiles zu ersehen ist, wie selbe nach seinem Höhensisteme und Wasserzuge angeordnet ist [General Map of Europe Showing its Mountain and River Systems].

Vienna: Joseph. List, 1816-1818. Two copper engraved folding maps with ornamental border frames, dissected and linen backed. The first one on four sheets, each ca. 56x69 cm (22x27 cm), with the total size ca. 111,5x137,5 cm (44x 54 ¼ in); the second map ca. 56x68,5 cm (22x27 cm). Each of the five parts with a paper label with handwritten title pasted on the verso of linen. The maps housed in a period custom made card folder and a box with marbled paper sides and a cloth spine with gilt lettered title “Europa von Sorriot.” Minor stains and small tears on a fold of the larger map, the box slightly rubbed on extremities, but overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of two rare maps focusing on the mountain and river systems of Europe, and also marking main cities and roads. Worldcat finds only six copies of the first map and four copies of the second map. The first map is supplemented with four inserts including two profiles of the European mountainous areas from Hamburg to Genoa (Italy) and from Memel to Odessa; a table of heights of the main mountain ranges; a table of latitudes and longitudes of the major European cities; general overview map of Europe, and a detailed explanatory text. The second map has three inserts detailing the course of the Danube, and two extensive explanatory text boxes.


18. [FRANCE]
PERELLE, Gabriel (1604?-1677), Adam (1640-1695) & Nicolas (1631-1695)
[Bound Collection of Nineteen Architectural Copper Engravings from the “Veues des Plus Beaux Lieux de France et d'Italie & Les Places, Portes, Fontaines de Paris & Veue de Rome et des Environs”].

Paris: N. Langlois, ca. 1670-1680s. Oblong Folio (ca. 28x36,5 cm). With 19 wide margin copper engravings etched by Israel Silvestre. Period grey paper wrappers with a brown ink note in Italian on top of the front wrapper. Wrappers slightly soiled and creased, plates slightly age toned, but overall a very good collection of bright sound engravings.
This beautiful collection of engraved views of French palaces, mansions and gardens from the time of Louis XIV was published by Nicolas Langlois in the series of “Veues des Plus Beaux Lieux de France et d'Italie & Les Places, Portes, Fontaines de Paris & Veue de Rome et des Environs” (Paris, ca. 1670-1680, ca. 251 plates). Our plates assembled together under period paper wrappers include views of the Palais-Royal in Paris, palaces and parks in Chaville and Meudon (both near Paris), Liencourt (Nord-Pas de Calais), Conflans-sur-Seine (north-eastern France); Château de Clagny (near Versailles), Colbert’s house in Sceaux (Bourg-la-Reine near Paris), Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte (Seine-et-Marne), Château d'Ancy-le-Franc (Burgundy), Château de Madrid (Bois de Boulogne) and Château de Richelieu (Touraine).
“An extensive series of engravings depicting the major French chateaux and gardens, including Versailles and Fountainebleau, and Parisian views and architectural landmarks. It appears to have been issued by Mariette and N. De Poilly, in addition to Langlois” (Christies).
“Gabriel Perelle was a French draftsman and printmaker of topographic views and landscapes. A pupil of Simon Vouet, Perelle specialized in classical landscapes not dissimilar to those of Francisque Millet, although more obviously decorative. He founded an etching workshop, and his sons Nicolas and Adam assisted him. Perelle was also a pupil of Daniel Rabel and produced several hundred engravings both from his own drawings and from those of his competitors Israël Silvestre, Paul Bril, Jacques Callot, Michel Corneille the Elder, Pierre Asselin, Jacques Fouquières, Corneille Poëlembourg, and Sébastien Pontault de Beaulieu. These engravings in the etching and intaglio mainly depict landscapes of the Paris region, including views of castles, where he introduced the variety by adding ruins and various accessories” (Wikipedia).


19. [GREECE]
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Map of Greece Titled:] Nova Graecia Secundum Omnes eius Regiones & Provincias Citra Ultra & Hellespontum.

Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x34,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important map by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. "A graphic map of Greece and part of Turkey in the classic woodcut style focused on the Dardanelles (Hellespont), which separates Europe from Asia. The land is covered with mountain ranges, rivers and cities. Zacharakis, Christos #1579" (Old World Auctions).


LILLINGSTON, Luke (1653-1713)
Reflections on Mr. Burchet's Memoirs: Or Remarks on His Account of Captain Wilmot's Expedition to the West-Indies.

London, 1704. First Edition. Octavo (19x12,5 cm). [xviii], 171 pp. Period dark brown blind stamped panelled full calf, re-backed in style with red gilt label. Cover corners worn, otherwise a very good copy.
"Lillingstone's battalion took part in Robert Wilmot's expedition to Jamaica in 1695, sent in response to alarmist reports that the island had fallen to France. In reality, French forces under Du Casse, based in Hispaniola, had simply raided Jamaica, although much property had been destroyed. Wilmot and Lillingstone attacked the French-held section of Hispaniola in ill-conceived and poorly co-ordinated operations, failing to dislodge Du Casse from the south of the island. Wilmot died late in 1695 but, when Lillingstone returned to England in 1696, he submitted to the council of trade and plantations a scathing indictment of Wilmot's conduct. At the root of the problem was a clash of personalities resulting in a failure of army-navy co-operation. Lillingstone's weakened battalion was disbanded in 1697 and he was reduced to half-pay until 1705, although he was compensated by the retrospective grant of a pension of £200 by Queen Anne on 9 March 1702. In 1702 Lillingstone published an account of the Hispaniola operations and his reputation was further damaged by the rejoinder of Josiah Burchett, secretary of the Admiralty" (Oxford DNB). "Burchett evidently made some unfavorable remarks concerning Col. Lillingston's conduct in the West Indian Naval operations during 1694-97, and in this work the Colonel gives further particulars concerning the expeditions against Martinique and St. Domingo in which he was in command of the landing parties" (Cox II, p438)
"Colonel Lillingston was Lieutenant-Colonel of Colonel Foulkes’s regiment of foot in the Martinique expedition in February to October, 1693. His brother, Jarvis Lillingston, an officer of Gustavus Hamilton’s (20th) foot, was made Major in Ffoulkes’s, and died on the expedition. Colonel Ffoulkes also died on the expedition, and Luke Lillington obtained the colonelcy. The expedition miscarried, and Lillingston’s regiment was put on board the homeward-bound men-of-war at Newfoundland and Boston to supply the place of seamen. The regiment, 670 strong, was broken at Plymouth by order of Lord Cutts, and reformed with six hundred men of the regiment and six hundred of Colt, Norcott, and Farrington (29th foot), in December, 1694, and embarked as a reinforcement for Jamaica in January, 1695. That island, still suffering from the effects of the Port Royal earthquake of 1602, had been harried by buccaneering attacks from the French settlement in Hispaniola (St. Domingo). A naval squadron, under Captain Robert Wilmot, with Lillingston’s troops on board, acting in concert with the Spaniards, took and destroyed the French port of Porto Paix, Hispaniola. Thereupon the English troops withdrew to Jamaica, and Governor William Beeston reported that Lillingston’s regiment was so weak and sickly that he had to send them into the country for change of air. Lillingston went home to recruit, and made various claims on the Government. His regiment disappeared from the rolls on the peace of Ryswick, and he published this reply to Burchett’s account of the Porto Paix affair, to which Burchett issued a rejoinder." (Maggs Catalogue (Publ. 1928); Sabin 41072.


21. [INDIA]
D'ANVILLE, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon (1697-1782)
Eclaircissemens Geographiques sur la Carte de l'Inde [Geographical Elucidations on the Map of India].

Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1753. First Edition. Quarto (26x21 cm). vi, [i], 161, [11] pp. Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a red gilt label. With a couple of unobtrusive library blind stamps, otherwise a very good copy.
This is the description of the D'Anville map of India published in 1752. D'Anville "was both a geographer and cartographer who greatly improved the standards of map-making. His maps of ancient geography, characterized by careful, accurate work and based largely on original research, are especially valuable. He left unknown areas of continents blank and noted doubtful information as such; compared to the lavish maps of his predecessors, his maps looked empty" (Wikipedia).


DELISLE, Guillaume (1675-1726)
[Map of the East Indies Titled:] Carte des Indes et de la Chine dressée sur plusieurs relations particulieres rectifiées par quelques observations par Guillaume de l'Isle de l'Academie Royale des Sciences.

Amsterdam: Jean Covens et Corneille Mortier, ca. 1730. Copper engraved map ca. 61x62,5 cm (24x25 in). Borders hand coloured in outline. Map with original folds, some mild age toning and edge wear, but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
Guillaume De l'Isle was the pre-eminent French mapmaker of the 18th century, and "one of the key figures in the development of French cartography, he strongly believed in accuracy. During his lifetime his one hundred or more maps were constantly updated to reflect widening knowledge of the World" (Tooley Mapmakers A-D, p. 353). "This large, attractive map covers the vast region extensively explored by the Europeans with particular emphasis on the trade routes on the mainland and the islands of the Philippines and the East Indies. In Japan, Hokkaido (Terre d' Yeco ou d'Eso) is attached to the Asian mainland, and the Sea of Japan is named Mer Orientale ou Mer de Coree. Korea is correctly shown as a peninsula, although much too wide. The mythical Lac de Chiamay appears in present-day Burma with several rivers flowing south. The map is filled with details of towns, roads, rivers and topography" (Old World Auctions).


MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Bird's Eye View of Istanbul Titled:] Constantinopolitanae urbis effigies, quam hodie sub Turcae in habitatione habet.

Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut view ca. 20x38 cm (8x15 in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, a repaired tear affecting image, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important bird's eye view of Istanbul by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. This view shows Fatih (old town) and Beyoglu districts of Istanbul as seen from above Scutari (Uskudar) which is the Asian part of the city.


24. [JAPAN]
[Large Folding Map of Japan Titled:] Dai Nihon Koku Zenzu [Complete Map of Japan].

Tokyo: Bureau of Geography, Meiji 16 [1883]. Outline hand coloured copper engraved large folding map ca. 161x150 cm (61 ½ x 59 ½ in). Original beige linen covered boards with original printed paper labels. A couple of minor repaired tears and a couple of minor small stains but overall a very good map.
This large and very detailed map of the Japanese Empire has five inset plans & maps, which include Tokyo, Kyoto, Hakaido, Bonin Islands and the Amami Islands. This is an historically interesting map from the early Meiji era (1868-1912), which was an era in "which Japanese society moved from being an isolated feudal society to its modern form. Fundamental changes affected its social structure, internal politics, economy, military, and foreign relations. The period corresponded with the reign of Emperor Meiji after 1868, and lasted until his death in 1912." (Wikipedia).


MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Bird's Eye View of Jerusalem Titled:] Jerusalem Ciuitas Sancta, olim Metropolis Regni Judaici, Hodie vero Colonia Turcae.

Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut view ca. 15x38 cm (6x15 in). Latin and Hebrew title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important bird's eye view of Jerusalem by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. The old town of Jerusalem is shown enclosed by it walls and in the centre of the view is Temple Mount. The crescents shown on top of several landmarks underline the fact that Jerusalem was a part of the Ottoman Empire at this time.


26. [JORDAN]
ROBERTS, David (1796-1864)
[Tinted Lithograph Panorama Titled:] Petra, Looking South, March 9th 1839.

London: F.G. Moon, 1842. Tinted lithograph ca. 36x52 cm (14 ½ x 20 ½ in). Some mild foxing otherwise a very good lithograph.
Petra, "established possibly as early as 312 BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans"(Wikipedia). Roberts left "London in August 1838 for Paris and thence travelling via Alexandria to Cairo, before visiting the pyramids at Giza. Hiring a cangia, he sailed up the Nile as far as Abu Simbel, stopping on his return north to sketch temples and ancient sites such as Philae, Karnak, Luxor, and Dendera. Back in Cairo he drew its streets and mosques before departing for Syria and Palestine in February 1839. He travelled through Sinai to Petra and thence north, via Hebron and Jaffa, to Jerusalem. From there he made an excursion to the Jordan, the Dead Sea, and Bethlehem and, after spending a further week in Jerusalem, he continued north, visiting many places associated with the Bible, before exploring Baalbek. He sailed for England from Beirut in May 1839, was quarantined in Malta, and returned to London in July. He was the first independent, professional British artist to travel so extensively in the Near East, and brought back 272 sketches, a panorama of Cairo, and three full sketchbooks, enough material to ‘serve me for the rest of my life’ (Roberts, eastern journal, 28 Jan 1839).
Over the next decade Roberts made ‘a serries of intire new drawings’ for the 247 large coloured lithographs executed by Louis Haghe for The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia (1842–9). No publication before this had presented so comprehensive a series of views of the monuments, landscape, and people of the Near East. Roberts was to paint more oils of the East than of any other region he visited, exhibiting thirty-one at the Royal Academy alone. These received critical acclaim and sold for high prices: for example, Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives (Holloway Collection at Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, Egham) was commissioned for £330 in 1841 and his Ruins of Baalbec sold for £440 the same year, while The Island of Philae (1843; priv. Coll.) bought by a friend for £100, rapidly sold for £200, and in 1858 fetched 400 guineas. The works remain keenly sought after to this day" (Oxford DNB).


ROBERTS, David (1796-1864)
[Tinted Lithograph Panorama Titled:] Ruins of Baalbec, May 5th 1839.

London: F.G. Moon, 1843. Tinted lithograph ca. 35x51 cm (14x20 in). Some mild foxing otherwise a very good lithograph.
Baalbek, "known as Heliopolis during the period of Roman rule, it was one of the largest sanctuaries in the empire and contains some of the best preserved Roman ruins in Lebanon" (Wikipedia). Roberts left "London in August 1838 for Paris and thence travelling via Alexandria to Cairo, before visiting the pyramids at Giza. Hiring a cangia, he sailed up the Nile as far as Abu Simbel, stopping on his return north to sketch temples and ancient sites such as Philae, Karnak, Luxor, and Dendera. Back in Cairo he drew its streets and mosques before departing for Syria and Palestine in February 1839. He travelled through Sinai to Petra and thence north, via Hebron and Jaffa, to Jerusalem. From there he made an excursion to the Jordan, the Dead Sea, and Bethlehem and, after spending a further week in Jerusalem, he continued north, visiting many places associated with the Bible, before exploring Baalbek. He sailed for England from Beirut in May 1839, was quarantined in Malta, and returned to London in July. He was the first independent, professional British artist to travel so extensively in the Near East, and brought back 272 sketches, a panorama of Cairo, and three full sketchbooks, enough material to ‘serve me for the rest of my life’ (Roberts, eastern journal, 28 Jan 1839).
Over the next decade Roberts made ‘a serries of intire new drawings’ for the 247 large coloured lithographs executed by Louis Haghe for The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia (1842–9). No publication before this had presented so comprehensive a series of views of the monuments, landscape, and people of the Near East. Roberts was to paint more oils of the East than of any other region he visited, exhibiting thirty-one at the Royal Academy alone. These received critical acclaim and sold for high prices: for example, Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives (Holloway Collection at Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, Egham) was commissioned for £330 in 1841 and his Ruins of Baalbec sold for £440 the same year, while The Island of Philae (1843; priv. Coll.) bought by a friend for £100, rapidly sold for £200, and in 1858 fetched 400 guineas. The works remain keenly sought after to this day" (Oxford DNB).


ASHMUN, J[ehudi] (1794-1828)
History of the American Colony in Liberia, from December 1821 to 1823. Compiled from the Authentic Records of the Colony.

Washington: Way & Gideon, 1826. First Edition. Octavo (21x13,5 cm). 42 pp. With a large folding map. Handsome period style gilt tooled full sheep with a gilt title label. With some minor browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"In 1821 a site at Cape Mesurado was selected by the American Colonization Society as appropriate for the 'repatriation' of a detachment of freed American slaves, and in 1822 Jehudi Ashmun, a white American, went out at the request of the Society to aid the infant settlement. The first settlers were landed on Providence Island at the mouth of the Mesurado River, but after protracted negotiations with Bassa and Dei headmen they eventually procured the rights to the Du Kor Peninsula on which Monrovia now stands. Ashmun was joined for a while in 1824 by Robert Gurley, who gave the settlement the name Liberia" (Howgego 1800-1850 W23).
"Ashmun was an American religious leader and social reformer who became involved in the American Colonization Society. He served as the United States government's agent in the Liberia colony and as such its de facto governor for two different terms: one from August 1822 until April 1823, and another from August 1823 until March 1828.., As United States representative to Liberia as well as agent of the ACS, Ashmun effectively became governor of the colony from 1822 to 1828, from ages 28 to 34. He took a leadership role in what he found to be a demoralized colony and helped build the defenses of Monrovia, as well as building up trade. During his tenure in Liberia, Ashmun increased agricultural production, annexed more tribal land from the natives, and exploited commercial opportunities in the interior. He helped create a constitution for Liberia that enabled blacks to hold positions in the government. This was unlike what happened in the neighboring British colony of Sierra Leone, which was dominated by whites although founded for the resettlement of free blacks from Britain and Upper Canada. Ashmun's letters home and his book, History of the American Colony in Liberia, 1821–1823 (1826) constitute the earliest written history of the Liberia colony" (Wikipedia); Sabin 2204.


CLEMES, Samuel (1845-1922)
Ny Isan-Kerintaona [Malagasy Annual/Ed].

Antananarivo: Friends’ Foreign Mission Association, Typ. of Abraham Kingdon, 1878. Octavo (18,5x12 cm). [2 – t.p.], [2], 213, [3] pp. With three lithographed plates and nineteen woodcut plates. Original purple cloth binding richly decorated with gilt tooled frames and a crown, as well as a gilt lettered exlibris “His eksilensy Rainilaiarivony” on the front board; additionally, with a gilt lettered title on the spine. Verso of one of the lithographed plates with 19th century inscriptions in Malagasy, binding mildly faded, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare Madagascar periodical which was issued only for two years (1877-78). There were only three paper copies found in Worldcat: Luther Seminary Library (issues for 1877 and 1878), British Library and University of London (for both institutions years of the issues are not specified). This is an early Madagascar almanac issued by Quaker missionaries Samuel Clemes and Abraham Kingdon (the mission’s printer in Antananarivo). The book contains over twenty essays on various subjects: Atsinanana region of eastern Madagascar, history of the Sakalava and Imerina people, a short anecdote about king Radama I and a soldier, history of Robert Drury who was shipwrecked on Madagascar in the early 1700s and was a captive for fifteen years; coffee, the Franco-Prussian war of 1870, bridges, horses, forests, advice how to preserve health, biographies of Oskar II of Norway and Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, information blocks titled “Physics” and “Science”, and others. Curiously, there is a short essay on the beginning of book printing in Europe, describing the work of Johannes Gutenberg and William Caxton; the issue is illustrated with a lithographed portrait of Gutenberg, Peter Schöffer and Johann Fust (after an earlier European oil painting). The two last “chapters” contain information about various Christian missions and schools in Madagascar. The frontispiece depicts a mountainous landscape of Midongy in south-eastern Madagascar, now a national park.
Our copy is from the library of Rainilaiarivony (1828-1896), “the Prime Minister of Madagascar from 1864 to 1895, <…> He <…> influenced the transformation of the kingdom's government from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional one, in which power was shared between the sovereign and the Prime Minister. Taking his brother's place as Prime Minister [in 1864], Rainilaiarivony remained in power for the next 31 years by marrying three queens in succession: Rasoherina, Ranavalona II and Ranavalona III” (Wikipedia).
The first British Quakers arrived to Madagascar in 1867, establishing a mission there the next year; the mission’s typography was started by Abraham Kingdon in 1872. Samuel Clemes and his wife stayed in Madagascar for eight years, first opening a school at Antoby in the foothills of the Ankaratra mountains in 1874, but shortly after moving to Antananarivo; poor health of Clemes’ wife caused them to return to England in 1882. After the death of his wife Clemes moved to Tasmania and became known as a prominent educator. Grandidier, 6103.


ALLEN, Captain William (1792-1864)
A Narrative Of The Expedition Sent By Her Majesty's Government To The River Niger In 1841. Under the Command of Captain H.D. Trotter and T.R.H. Thomson. Published with the Sanction of the Colonial Office and the Admiralty.

London: Richard Bentley, 1848. First Edition. xviii, 509; viii, 511 pp. Thick (7 cm) Octavo (22x15 cm) 2 vols. in one. With a portrait frontispiece, two folding maps, a folding panorama, fourteen plates, and many wood engravings in text. Handsome period brown gilt tooled full morocco. Recased using the original spine, but overall a very good copy.
"In 1840 the abolitionist, Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton (1786-1845), proposed that a large expedition should be sent up the Niger with a threefold mission; to show the natives the advantages of legitimate trade; to sign treaties with the chiefs in which they promised to give up slaving; and to set up a model farm at the Benue-Niger confluence which could teach the Africans the merits of agriculture and the blessings of Christianity.., The expedition sailed in May 1841, and after recruiting 133 Africans on the west coast entered the Niger on 13.8.41" (Howgego 1800-1850 T18); "It was, without a doubt, the most ambitious expedition that had ever set out for the Niger" (De Gramont p.207); Hess & Coger 6939.


MENDENHALL, Thomas Corwin (1841-1924)
North West Coast of America and Inland Passages from Olympia, Washington to Mt. St. Elias, Alaska.

U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey, 1891. Large printed folding map, dissected and linen backed, ca. 163x53 cm (64 ¼ x 20 ¾ in). Scale 1:1,200,000. Attached to the original card and marbled paper folder with brown sheep spine and gilt lettered title label on the front board. Bookplate of Edward W. Allen attached to the verso of the front board. Spine neatly repaired, map with a couple minor tears on the folds; overall a very good map.
This rare map, “based chiefly upon the work of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey and with some compilations from Russian and British Admiralty Charts” presents a detailed and impressive picture of the Alaskan coast, indicating soundings (in fathoms), ferry routes, lighthouses, major mountains and their heights, as well as the preliminary border line between BC and Alaska.
Thomas Corwin Mendenhall was an American autodidact physicist and meteorologist. During his time in the office as the superintendent of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (since 1889) Mendenhall was responsible for defining the exact national boundary between the United States (Alaska) and Canada. The Mendenhall Valley and glacier in Juneau, Alaska was named after him in 1892 (See more: Wikipedia).


KRUSENSTERN, Adam Johann von (1770-1846) & TILESIUS, Wilhelm Gottlieb von Tilenau (1769-1857)
[An Engraving from the Famous Atlas of Captain Krusenstern’s First Russian Circumnavigation, Titled:] Obryady pri Vzaimnom Privetstvii Yapontsev / Japanischer Gruss [Custom of Mutual Greeting of Japanese].

[Saint Petersburg: Morskaya Typ., 1813]. Copper engraving, ca. 23,5x30 cm (9 ¼ x 12 in). Title in Russian and German. A very good strong impression with wide margins.
Plate XLVIII from the famous Russian edition of the Atlas of Krusenstern’s circumnavigation in 1803-1806 (Atlas k Puteshestviiu Kapitana Krusensterna. SPb, 1813). The complete Atlas is a great rarity with only one copy found in Worldcat (National Maritime Museum in Greenwich), but separate engravings are also very rare. The Atlas contains 118 engraved views and scenes (according to the Russian State Library) and was one of the most luxurious Russian editions produced at the beginning of the 19th century, being issued on funds of the Cabinet of the Russian Emperor and costing 15 thousand roubles - a huge sum of money at the time.
The engraving shows two Japanese Samurais bending in a mutual bow, each carrying a pair of Daisho swords. The landscape behind them features traditional Japanese houses on a seashore. Krusenstern’s ship “Neva” stayed in the Nagasaki bay for half a year in September 1804 – March 1805 while Russian ambassador Nikolay Rezanov tried to establish diplomatic relations with Japan. The mission turned out to be unsuccessful, and “Neva” returned to Petropavlovsk. The engraving was made from the drawing by Wilhelm Gottlieb Tilesius von Tilenau (1769-1857), German naturalist and artist who participated in Krusenstern’s expedition. The engraver, Ivan Chesky (1782-1848) was a member of the Russian Academy of Arts (1807), known for his masterly engraved architectural landscapes, portraits and book illustrations, including engravings for Alexander Pushkin’s “Eugene Onegin”.


33. [POLAND]
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Map of Poland Titled:] Poloniae et Ungariae Nova Descriptio.

Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x34,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important map by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. "Woodblock map of the region containing present-day Romania, Moldova and Ukraine, with parts of Poland, Slovenia and Hungary. It has fine graphic depictions of the rivers, mountains, forests, and towns, with many ancient place names. The map covers the region from Prussia at upper left to Constantinople and the Black Sea at lower right and names Silesia, Bosnia, Dalmatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Moscovia, Tartaria and much more" (Old World Auctions).


LEDRU, André Pierre (1761-1825)
Viage a la Isla de Puerto Rico en el año 1797, ejecutado por una comisión de sabios Franceses, de órden de su gobierno y bajo la dirección del capitán N. Baudin, con objeto de hacer indagaciones y colecciones relativas á la historia natural <…> Traducido al Castellano por D. Julio L de Vizcarrondo. [Voyage to the island of Puerto Rico in 1797, executed by a commission of French scholars, by order of their government and under the direction of Captain N. Baudin, in order to make inquiries and collections relating to the natural history <...> translated into Spanish by Mr. Julio L Vizcarrondo].

Puerto Rico: Imp. Militar de J. Gonzalez, 1863. First Spanish Edition. Octavo (21,5x14 cm). [2], 268 pp. The translator’s presentation inscription on the blank page before the half title: “Al Sor. Don Fco. Espina recuerdo de su aftmo amigo. El traductor. Madrid, 13 de Junio 1[8]64”. Handsome period style maroon quarter sheep with marbled papered boards, spine with raised band and gilt lettered title. Half title with a minor tear on the top margin neatly repaired, otherwise a near fine clean copy.
Presentation copy of this early Puerto-Rican imprint with only seven paper copies found in Worldcat (UC Berkeley, University of Toronto, Library of Congress, Interamerican University of Puerto Rico, Trinity College, University of Puerto Rico, University of London). First Spanish edition of André Pierre Ledru’s “Voyage aux îles de Ténériffe, la Trinité, Saint-Thomas, Sainte-Croix et Porto-Ricco” (Paris, 1810, v. 2, p. 46-277), translated and signed by a noted Puerto-Rican politician, abolitionist and journalist Julio Vizcarrondo Coronado (1829-1889). Pierre-Andre Ledru was the botanist of the 1796-1798 expedition to the Canary Islands and the Caribbean under command of Captain Nicolas Baudin (1754-1803). The expedition's mission was to bring to France a large collection of exotic plants which had been left at Trinidad during Baudin’s earlier expedition. It turned out that Trinidad was under British occupation and it was impossible to retrieve the collection, so Baudin spent ten weeks on Saint-Thomas, and nine months in Puerto Rico where a vast collection of plants was acquired. The book describes the expedition’s stay in Puerto Rico (then a Spanish colony), as well as its geography, history, administration, population, agriculture et al.; an extensive chapter is dedicated to Puerto Rico’s flora and fauna.
“Julio Vizcarrondo Coronado was a Puerto Rican abolitionist, journalist, politician and religious leader. He played an instrumental role in the development and passage of the Moret Law which in 1873 abolished slavery in Puerto Rico. Vizcarrondo was also the founder of the Protestant movement in the Iberian Peninsula in the 19th century” (Wikipedia). This copy was presented to Senor Don Francisco Espina by “your most devoted friend, the translator”.


SCHMIDT, J.M.F., Professor
Special-Karte eines Theils des russischen Reichs vom Bug bis hinter Moskau, übersetzt und aus dem grossen russischen Atlas in 107 Blatt gezogen von J.M.F. Schmidt [Special Map of the Part of the Russian Empire from the Bug River to the Area Around Moscow].

Berlin: Simon Schropp & Comp, 1812. Outline hand coloured copper engraved folding map, dissected and linen backed, ca. 28x50,5 cm (11x20 in). Engraved by Carl Jättnig d. Ältern. With an elegant copper engraved publisher’s advertising pasted on the verso of the linen of one of the folds. Housed in the original marbled paper slipcase, slightly rubbed. Overall a bright very good map.
This detailed map of the western provinces of the Russian Empire including Lithuania, Belorussia, part of the Ukraine, and Kursk, Orel, Smolensk, Kaluga, Tula and Moscow provinces shows the theatre of operation of the 1812 French invasion of Russia. The copper engraved label on the linen back of the plan advertises “Magazin des beaux Arta et Cabinet de Géographie” – Kunst- und Landkarten Handlung von Simon Schropp u. Comp. (Jager Str., 24). Simon Schopp received a privilege for map publishing and trade in 1742 from the Prussian king Frederick II, and by the end of the 18th century became one of the major European map sellers. His company successfully worked through the centuries and is now one of the best Berlin map shops “Schropp Land & Karte GmbH”.


BAKMANSON, Gugo Karlovich (1860-1953)
[Chromolithograph Portrait of the Emperor Nicholas II of Russia:] Ego Imperatorskoe Velichestvo Gosudar Imperator Nikolai Alexandrovich v forme L. Gv. Konnago Efo Velichestva polka [Sa Majesté Impériale L’Empereur Nicolas Alexandrovitch en uniforme du régiment des Gardes-à-cheval].

Saint Petersburg: R.V. Pets, E.I. Marcus Lith., 1896. Chromolithograph ca. 38x52 cm (ca. 15 x 20 ½ in). Paper very mildly browned, minor mounting residue on verso, otherwise a very good chromolithograph.
This beautiful portrait of the Russian Emperor Nicholas II is one of the most spectacular plates from the special album issued to commemorate the coronation of Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Fedorovna which took place in Moscow on 14 (26) May 1896. The album was published by the Saint Petersburg company of Robert Poetz under title “Souvenir du Couronnement de Leurs Majestés Impériales à Moscou 1896. L`Empereur Nicolas Alexandrovitch en tenue de 10 régiments dont Sa Majesté est Chef.” It consisted of ten chromolithographs depicting the Emperor dressed in the uniforms of ten Imperial regiments which he was the Chief of; the album was printed in very small print run which were intended for the members of the Imperial House of Romanovs and people close to them. The drawings for the album were executed by a renowned Russian painter of battle pieces Gugo Karlovich Backmanson, a student of the Russian Academy of Arts and an officer of the Life-Guards Izmailovsky Regiment since 1884.
The Emperor is shown mounted on a horse and dressed in the official uniform of the Imperial Life-Guards Cavalry regiment. Nicholas II is shown on the Palace Square with the Winter Palace and the Alexander Column in the background. The official censorship permission printed on the lower margin of the lithograph is 24 April 1896, which is just a couple of weeks before the coronation.


37. [RUSSIA]
LEVESQUE, Pierre-Charles (1736-1812)
Histoire de Russie [History of Russia]: Atlas Volume.

Paris, Hamburg & Brunswick: l’Imprimerie de Guilleminet,Pierre-Francois Fauche, An VIII [1800]. Nouvelle Edition. Quarto (26x20 cm). 16 pp. With a folding engraved outline hand colored map and sixteen engraved plates (many folding). Handsome period brown gilt tooled quarter calf with red gilt lettered morocco labels and marbled boards. Occasional very mild foxing, otherwise a very good copy.
Atlas to the third edition of Histoire de Russie (earlier editions were published without separate atlas). The folding map drawn by A. Brue shows European Russia and the Caucasus. The plates depict views, temples and buildings mostly of the region of Volga, Ural Mountains and Kirghiz steppes. Among them are the ruins of the ancient city of Bolghar and of the mysterious Buddhist monastery Ablaikit in vicinity of Ust-Kamenogorsk in modern Kazakhstan. Ablaikit was built by a Kalmyk khan in 1654-1656 and was destroyed in 1670. At the beginning of the 18th century there were still sculptures and pictures in the monastery’s temple. Manuscripts found there in 1720 were sent to Saint Petersburg. The plates include a general view, topographical plan and interior view of the temple of Ablaikit. Costumes of Kasimov Tatars, Samoyeds, Ostiaks, Mordvinians, Kalmyks, Tshouvach, Mongols and Kirghiz are also included.
Pierre Charles Levesque was a French historian, philosopher and moralist, initially engraver. He lived in Russia for seven years working as a teacher in the Cadet Corps and the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg. His "Histoire de Russie" was recognized as the most significant research on Russian history written by a foreign scientist in the 18th century. It was widely popular in Russia before Nikolai Karamzin published his famous work, and kept its scientific significance until the end of the 19th century. Levesque was the first author who based his work mostly on Russian sources and historical works. For his achievements Levesque was accepted as a member of Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-letters (1789) and taught history in Collège de France (Nouvelle Biographie Générale, vol. 31, 38-39).


RAFFENEL, Anne (1809-58)
Voyage dans l'Afrique occidentale comprenant l'exploration du Senegal, depuis Saint-Louis jusqu'a la Faleme, au-dela de Bakel; de la Faleme, depuis son embouchure jusqu'a Sansandig; des mines d'or de Kenieba, dans le Bambouk; des pays de Galam, Bondou et Woolli; et de la Gambie, depuis Baracounda jusqu'a l'Ocean; execute, en 1843 et 1844, par une commission composee de MM. Huard-Bessinieres, Jamin, Raffenel, Peyre-Ferry et Pottin-Patterson. [Travels in West Africa Including the Exploration of Senegal ..,].

Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1846. First Edition. Small Quarto Text & Folio Atlas. vii, 512 pp. With two lithographed folding maps and twenty-two hand coloured illustrations on eleven lithographed plates. Text in period brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. Atlas in period-style green gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. One map with expertly repaired tears, text with some very minor foxing and rubbed on extremities but overall still a very good set.
Text with the bookplate of John Ralph Willis. "In 1843-4 the marine officer Anne Raffenel explored Bambouk, and in 1846-48 made his way into Kaarta. Raffenel. Born at Versailles, had joined the navy in 1826 and for the next sixteen years voyaged to different parts of the world. He was appointed governor of Madagascar in 1855 and died there in June 1858" (Howgego 1800-1850, W23); "Explorations made in 1843 on the upper [Faleme] river by Raffenel carried him to Bambouk and the gold-bearing regions of the Faleme; he then traveled into Kaarta, the country of the Bambara, where he was held prisoner for eight months, but the ministry quietly avoided acting on the proposal to stop native razzias on the posts by direct annexation" (Priestley, France Overseas, 52); Gay, 2915.


HONDIUS, Joducus (1563-1612) & MERCATOR, Gerardus (1512-1594)
[Map of South America Titled:] Americae Meridionalis.

Amsterdam, ca. 1620. Copper engraved original hand coloured map ca. 35,5x49 cm (14 x 19 ½ in). Original centrefold, Latin text on verso. Light age toning, otherwise a very good map with ample margins.
A very attractively hand coloured decorative map which includes vignettes of ships, sea monsters and indigenous people and an inset view of Cuzco the Inca capital. The Strait of Magellan is bordered in the South by Tierra Del Fuego, shown here as a part of a large southern continent and Eastern Brazil is shown as an island.
Jodocus Hondius "was a Dutch engraver, and cartographer. He is best known for his early maps of the New World and Europe, for re-establishing the reputation of the work of Gerard Mercator, and for his portraits of Francis Drake. He helped establish Amsterdam as the center of cartography in Europe in the 17th century" (Wikipedia). Koeman I, 9800:1A; Tooley's Mapmakers E-J p.364-5.


BRAUN, Georg (1541-1622) & HOGENBERG, Frans (1535-1590)
[Bird's Eye View of Toledo Titled:] Toletum.

[Cologne], ca. 1598. Original hand coloured copper engraving ca. 37x50 cm (15x20 in). Latin text on verso. With an original centre fold, paper mildly age toned, but overall a very good strong impression of this attractive Birdseye view.
"This splendid bird's-eye view of Toledo was drawn by Georg Hoefnagel in 1566. The city is viewed from across the Tagus River with one of the Moorish bridges visible at right. The city was built around the cathedral with the Gothic church of San Juan de los Reyes and the Alcazar (Moorish fortress) perched on the hillsides. The view is enclosed in an elaborate framework with elevations of the cathedral and the Alcazar, called Palatium Regium Toletanum, at bottom" (Old World Auctions). "Georg Braun was a topo-geographer. From 1572 to 1617 he edited the Civitates orbis terrarum, which contains 546 prospects, bird's-eye views and maps of cities from all around the world" (Wikipedia); Civitates orbis terrarum is "the first atlas of town plans and views embracing the known world" (Tooley A-D, p.185);


41. [TIBET]
[ANDRADE, Antonio de] (1580-1634)
Histoire de ce qui s’est passé au royaume du Tibet. Tirée des lettres escrites en l’année 1626. Adressée au R.P. Mutio Vitelleschi, General de la Compagnie de Iesus. Traduicte d’Italien en François par un Pere de la mesme Companie [Account of the Events in the Kingdom of Tibet, from the letters written in 1626…]

Paris: Sébastien Cramoisy, 1629. First Edition. Small Octavo (17,5x11 cm). [2 – t.p.], [6], 104 pp. With a woodcut vignette on the title page, a woodcut headpiece and several woodcut initials in text. Later full vellum with a later red morocco gilt lettered title label on the spine, all edges gilt. Paper very mildly age toned, otherwise a near fine clean copy.
First French edition of an important letter by Portuguese Jesuit missionary Antonio de Andrade written in Tsaparang, on the 15th of August 1626, during his second journey to Tibet. Andrade was sent as a Portuguese envoy to the Jesuit mission in Goa and then to Agra. “Seeking Christian communities thought to thrive beyond the Himalayas, and also to gather information on Lamaism, he left Delhi in 1624 with Manuel Marques (a Portuguese lay-brother) <…> By negotiating the deep snows of the Mana Pass (= Mana Shankou) (July 1624), Andrade descended into the state of Guge at Tsaparang (… on the River Sutlej in Tibet) where he encountered his first Buddhists. After successfully convincing the local ruler to allow the teaching of Christianity, Andrade returned to Agra. Immediately on reaching Agra, Andrade despatched a letter to his superiors, relating his journey and experiences in Tibet. This was published in Lisbon in 1626 by the press of Matteo Pinheiro under the title “Novo descobrimento do gram Cathayo, ou reinos de Tibet.” Accepting an invitation to return to Tibet, Andrade arrived back in the country in 1625 along with other Jesuits, and consecrated a church at Tsaparang on Easter Sunday 1626. Andrade made a third journey in 1627, but in 1629 was recalled to Goa to fulfil his appointment as superior for the Indies <…> In 1631 the mission of Tibet was abandoned when the lamas revolted at the growing influence of the Jesuits, provoking violent local reactions.” (Howgego, Encyclopedia of Exploration to 1800, A88).
The book was first published in Portuguese by Matteo Pinheiro (1627) and was translated into French (from the Italian edition of 1628) by Jesuit Jean Darde. It describes Andrade’s second voyage and the early days of the mission, talks about the kingdom of Tibet and nearby lands, and the opposition from the Lamas to the construction of the church and the development of the Jesuit mission. “Padre Andrade accepted the King’s offer to construct a Church and a residence for the Padres and work began on Easter day, April 12, 1626. Several houses near the palace were demolished to construct the buildings and a garden. The relationship between the Padres and royal family and the activities that took place in the palace and the Padres’ new residence in 1625 and 1626 are included in Padre Andrade’s long letter written on August 15, 1626 from Tibet. This second letter of Padre Andrade includes much more about Tibetan life, as well as the conflict between the lamas and the secular population friendly to Christianity” (Abdo, Joseph C. [Biography of] Padre Antonio de Andrade// http://win.ippolito-desideri.net/Andrade-en.html). Brunet, I, 265. Cordier, BS, 2901. Sommervogel, I, 331.


42. [TIBET]
REUILLY, Jean, Baron de (1780-1810)
Description du Tibet, d’après la Relation des Lamas Tangoutes, établis Parmi les Mongoles. Traduit de l’Allemand [Description of Tibet, According to the Accounts of the Tangut Lamas, Established Among the Mongols. Translated from German].

Paris: Chez Bossange, Masson et Besson, 1808. First Edition. Octavo (20x13 cm). [1], xii, 89 pp. With an engraved vignette on the title page. Handsome period brown mottled full calf with gilt tooled spine. Expertly rebacked in style, with a presentation school prize label from a French school dated 1830 on the front pastedown. A fine copy.
This work is the only separate printing of Peter Simon Pallas’s description of Tibet. The original work was first published in German as a part of Pallas’s Sammlungen historischer Nachrichten über die Mongolischen Völkerschaften (1776); and wasn’t included into later French editions. In this description of Tibet by Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811), translated by Baron Jean de Reuilly (1780-1810), Pp. 1-54 are devoted to the description of Tibet according to accounts of Tibetan Lamas established among the Mongols; the second part of the work is dedicated to a report of the celebrations and ceremonies during the period from 22 June until 12 July 1729, in the small village Ourga, to celebrate the rebirth of Koutoukhta, one of the most distinguished priests of Mongolia.
Reuilly's introduction notes Pallas travelled "some years in Tibet and Kashmir, and English possessions in India" and confirms that this portion of Pallas's travels through the Russian Empire was not included in the French edition of Pallas's work. This separate printing is extensively annotated with Reuilly's comments on Tibet, including the missions of Bogle and Stewart, Georgi, and Andrade's account of 1795 on Bogle, Turner and Pourunguir, and on Tibet-Britain-China relations, and his own observations along with those of other writers on Tibet. He further discusses the route of the Anadyr River and Mongolia-Tibet relations. Cordier, Sinica, 2879; Lust 207; Yakushi R93.


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