January 2016 - Fifty New Acquisitions and Selected Stock Highlights


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January 2016 - Fifty New Acquisitions and Selected Stock Highlights.
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1. [AFGHANISTAN & WAZIRISTAN]
HOLMES, Randolph Bezant (1888-1973).
[Album of Forty-one Photographs of Afghanistan and the North West Frontier During the Third Anglo-Afghan War 1919 and the Waziristan Campaign 1919-20].
Peshawar, 1919-21. Oblong Small Folio (27x38 cm). 40 grey card leaves. Forty-one large platinum prints, each ca. 24x29 cm (9 ½ x 11 ½ in). Many photographs signed "Holmes" and numbered in the negative. Period beige cloth album with title "Album" embossed in brown on front cover and "The "Bedford" Series Photo Scrap Albums" printed in black on front paste down. Rebacked in period style, covers with some minor staining, otherwise a very good album of generally sharp and strong images.
Historically interesting album of forty-one photographs documenting the British and Indian military operations during the Third Anglo-Afghan War 1919 and the Waziristan Campaign 1919-20. The front paste down has the manuscript note in black ink: "Afghanistan 1919 - North West Frontier Field Force; Mahsud 1920 - Waziristan Field Force, Derajat Column; Waziristan 1920-21 - Wana Column." The strong images in this album include: Khyber Pass; Jamrud Fort; Ali Musjid Camp; Ali Musjid Gorge; Jangi Gorge, Khyber; Kari Kot; Wakka Plain; Dakka Camp; Sirdi; Blowing up Fort at Chora; Khigi Fort; Jandda Camp; Kot Kai Camp; Convoy Entering Ahnai Tonqi; Derajat Column; Mahsud Tribesmen, Woodcutters, Spies etc; Tribesmen Bringing Firewood; A Jinga (Kaniquram in Background); Mountain Battery going into action; Ladha Camp; Halt in Advance on Kaniquram; Camp at Kaniquram; Watering Transport Animals.
Randolph Bezzant Holmes was a commercial photographer who took over the business established by his father, William D. Homes, around 1899 in Peshawar, Pakistan. Holmes was an official photographer of the Afghan Wars on the North West Frontier in Afghanistan. He also spent time in Kashmir and in other Asian locales. Later in life he also painted watercolor landscapes of the same areas. In 1929 he published a memoir of his time in Afghanistan, Story of the North West Frontier Province, Peshawar, containing gelatin print plates of his landscapes (Duke University, David M. Rubinstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library).
"The Third Anglo-Afghan War also referred to as the Third Afghan War, began on 6 May 1919 and ended with an armistice on 8 August 1919, and ended in an Afghan victory according to some authors. It was a minor tactical victory for the British. For the British, the Durand Line was reaffirmed as the political boundary between the Emirate of Afghanistan and British India and the Afghans agreed not to foment trouble on the British side. In the aftermath, the Afghans were able to resume the right to conduct their own foreign affairs as a fully independent state.., The Waziristan campaign 1919-20 was a military campaign conducted in Waziristan by British and Indian forces against the fiercely independent tribesmen that inhabited this region. These operations were conducted in 1919-1920, following the unrest that arose in the aftermath of the Third Anglo-Afghan War" (Wikipedia).

 

2. [AFRICA]
HONDIUS, Jodocus (1563-1612)
[Africa Map Titled:] Africa Nova Tabula.
Amsterdam, 1619. First State. Copper engraved map ca. 47x61 cm (18 ½ x 24 in) with twelve city views and ten sets of figures in indigenous costumes in the decorative border. This map which consists of two joined sheets is restored to museum standards with remargined left and right margins, with outer edges of decorative printed borders affected but expertly redrawn in manuscript, blank upper and lower margins also restored but without affecting the printed surface. Despite the restorations this is still a very strong impression of this rare and attractive map. Probably because of it's oversize the majority of still existent copies of this map seem to have some kind of marginal restoration, often with loss of printed surface.
Very rare first state of this separately published famous Africa map by Hondius including four decorative borders with twelve city views which show Alcair (Cairo), Alexandria, Alger, Tunis. Tanger, Ceuta, S. Georgius della Mina (Elmina Castle), Mozambique (Maputo), Canaria (Las Palmas), Quiloa (Kilwa Kisiwani), Tzaffin (Safi) and Cefala (Sofala) and ten sets of figures which show costumes of Morocco, Senegal, Guinea, Cap-Verde, Congo, Egypt and Abyssinia, Mozambique, Madagascar and the Cape of Good Hope. Based largely on Willem Janszoon Blaeu's (1571-1638) maps of Africa, the present map does represents a significant improvement in detail and accuracy over previous maps, however, "the geography is [still] typical of the early seventeenth century with many fictitious names, rivers and lakes" (Norwich 29, 1623 issue); Betz 58.1.

 

3. [AFRICA - TIMBUKTU]
RITCHIE, Joseph (ca. 1788-1819)
[Interesting Autograph Letter to John Whishaw, Secretary of the African Institution, Written at the Beginning of Ritchie's Ill-Fated Expedition to Africa, to Introduce Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, who was a son of the Prime Minister of the Pasha of Tripoli, and Later Would Become the Pasha’s Foreign Minister, and Additionally he was Later also Connected to the Fate of Alexander Laing].
Marseilles, 28 August 1818. Quarto (ca. 25,5x19,5 cm). 1 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Mild fold marks and light chipping of the top margin, ink slightly faded, but overall a very good legible letter.
Rare historically important letter by Joseph Ritchie, an English surgeon and African explorer, written during his ill-fated expedition to Northern Africa in 1818-1819, which tried to ascertain the course of the Niger and the location of the fabled Timbuktu. Ritchie and George Lyon followed the route of Frederick Hornemann’s expedition of 1797, crossing the Sahara via Murzuq. “The expedition was underfunded, lacked support and because of the ideas of Barrow departed from Tripoli and thus had to cross the Sahara as part of their journey. A year later, due to much officialdom they had only got as far as Murzuk, the capital of Fezzan, where they both fell ill. Ritchie never recovered and died there” (Wikipedia).
The letter, written in Marseille shortly before Ritchie's departure for Malta was addressed to John Whisham (1764-1840), the secretary of the African Institution and the biographer of Mungo Park. Ritchie introduced to him 'Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, a Tripolitan who has passed some time in this Town - & son of the present Minister of the Pacha. I am anxious in some measure to repay the Services which he has rendered me during a tedious detention here (waiting for a passage to Malta) by giving me much useful information respecting Africa; the interest which has been so kindly taken in the Attempt I am about to make, emboldens me to hope that his liberality & goodness will be well-appreciated in England'.
Hassuna D’Ghies was appointed the foreign minister of the Pasha of Tripoli in 1825. He “came from a wealthy merchant family with commercial interests in Ghadamis, Fazzan, and various European countries. Having spent seven years in London and Paris on business and diplomatic missions, he was familiar with European ways. [British consul in Tripoli] Warrington, who had most to lose from Hassuna D’Ghies insistence on conducting business with the consuls in a way which prevented their intervention in local affairs, used the death near Timbuktu in 1826 of the English explorer Major Laing as an occasion to force the pasha to dismiss his foreign minister. <…> Warrington claimed, without any substantial evidence, that Laing’s assassination had been plotted by the Pasha and D’Ghies, that the latter had given Laing’s papers to the French consul in return for a forty per cent reduction of a debt which he owed him and that Caillie had never set foot in Timbuktu and the diary he had published under his name was compiled from Laing’s papers.” As a result in 1829 D’Ghies was announced by the pasha responsible for Laing’s death and replaced as foreign minister by his brother Muhammed (Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. A history of the Maghrib in the Islamic period. Cambridge University Press, 1993, p. 202).
Ritchie was involved into scientific and literary circles of London. He foretold the exceptional literary future of John Keats, and “possibly from some association of ‘Endymion’ with the Mountains of the Moon, promised to carry a copy of the poem with him to Africa and fling it into the midst of the Sahara” (Oxford DNB).

 

4. [ALASKA - FORT MIKHAILOVSKY]
WHYMPER, F[rederick] (1838-1901)
[Original Signed Watercolour of a Russian American Company Fort in Alaska, Almost Certainly St. Michael’s or Mikhailovsky on St. Michael Island, Norton Sound].
Ca. 1865-1866. Watercolour on paper, ca. 24x32 cm (9 ¼ x 12 ¾ in). Signed by the artist “F. Whymper del.” in the right lower corner. 19th century wooden frame ca. 30x39 cm (11 ¾ x 15 ¼ in), slightly rubbed on extremities and with some minor chips. Paper of watercolour slightly age toned, four very small holes on the image, otherwise a very good watercolour.
Historically important watercolour view of a Russian American Company’s fort in Alaska drawn by British artist Frederick Whymper who extensively travelled across Alaska in 1865 and 1866 – during the Russian-American Telegraph Expedition. With high certainty the fortified settlement on the hill above the sea shore with the Russian flag flying over it and an Orthodox church nearby is fort Mikhailovsky (now St. Michael city, located on St. Michael Island, Norton Sound). A canoe with two rowers and a passenger is approaching the shore where a couple of boats and a burning fire are seen. The Russian flag is still flying over the fort, indicating that the watercolour had been made before the official transfer of Alaska to the United States on October 18, 1867.
The view depicted by Whymper is very similar to the description of fort Mikhailovsky given by Whymper in his book “Travel and Adventure in the Territory of Alaska...” (London, 1868):
“Redoubt St. Michael’s, or Michaelovski, the principal station of the Russian American Fur Company in this northern section of “Walrus-sia,” deserves something more than just a passing notice. It is not merely the best point for a vessel to touch at, in order to land goods for the interior, including that great tract of country watered by the Yukon; but it has been, and is, to a great extent, a central post for Indian trade, and for the collection of furs from distant and interior posts. <…> St. Michael <…> is situated on the south-east side of the island of the same name, and was founded in 1833, by Michael Tebenkoff, an energetic employee of the Russian Fur Company.
The station is built on the model of a Hudson’s Bay Co.’s Fort, with enclosure of pickets, and with bastions flanking it. Inside are the store-houses and dwellings of the employees, including the “casine” (caserne), or general barrack, bath and cook-houses. These painted yellow, and surmounted by red roofs, gave it rather a gay appearance. <…> Outside the post, besides other buildings, there was a small chapel, in which on “Prazniks,” or holidays of the Church, and on each Sunday, a service was performed. A priest of the Greek Church, resident at the “Mission” on the Lower Yukon, comes down occasionally to baptize the natives. <…> The island is thick with moss, covering up, in some places, a bed of clay; berries in summer are abundant, and can be obtained fresh in winter by digging through their thick covering of snow. There are no trees whatever, and the fort is dependent on drift-wood from the mouths of the Yukon or Kwich-pak, which is fortunately landed in large quantities by the prevailing winds and currents, all over the shores of Norton Sound” (pp. 127-131).
“Whymper arrived in Victoria in the autumn of 1862, and the following summer he travelled to the Cariboo district of British Columbia on what he described as “a sketching and pedestrian tour.” <…> After a second winter in Victoria, Whymper set out in March 1864 for Bute Inlet (B.C.), in order to publicize through his drawings the road that Alfred Penderell Waddington was attempting to build to the Cariboo. He dutifully gave good reports of the enterprise, but attracted more attention from his account of the background to the killing of workers on the project by Indians, which had occurred while he was leaving the region. <…> Soon after he arrived back in Victoria, Whymper applied for the position of artist on the Vancouver Island Exploring Expedition. Of wiry build, he accepted the rigours of an expedition which covered much of the southern part of the island. An exhibition of 33 of his drawings from the exploration was held in Victoria in November 1864.
In 1865 Whymper joined the Russian-American Telegraph project, which intended to construct a telegraph line linking the United States and Europe through British Columbia, Alaska, and Siberia. As its artist he went to Norton Sound (Alas.) during the summer and then crossed to Petropavlovsk (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, Russia). Following a winter in San Francisco, he again set out for Petropavlovsk and subsequently travelled around the Gulf of Anadyr (Andadyrsky Zaliv, Russia). Near the end of October 1866 he crossed to Mikhailovski (St Michael) on Norton Sound, and after a winter at Nulato he ascended the Yukon River to Fort Yukon, where he received news of the successful laying of a transatlantic telegraph cable. On his return to Mikhailovski in August 1867 he was told of the abandonment of the Russian-American project” (Dictionary of Canadian Biography online).

 

5. [ALASKA - NOME GOLD RUSH]
TAYLOR, B[en] P.
[Autograph 4 1/2 page Content Rich Letter in Pencil on Lined Paper with the Original Stamped Envelope, Signed B. P. Taylor Addressed to C. M. Lockwood, Salem, Oregon and Dated Nome July 9, 1900, Describing in Vivid Details the First Months of the Gold Rush at Nome].
Nome, Alaska, July 9th 1900. The four page letter with twenty-five lines per page. The first three pages with the pencil text written recto only and the fourth also with seven lines written on verso, Taylor's signature underneath. Letter accompanied by addressed & stamped envelope, postmarked. Sheet size: "Received / Jul 23 1900 / C. M. Lockwood" red stamp to top of first page of letter. First page of letter and envelope with 'pin' holes to top left, otherwise, both written in a legible hand and in very good condition.
Ben Taylor had travelled to Nome from Oregon with Fred Lockley (later famed journalist) and together they were both appointed Nome's and also Alaska's first mailmen on June 21st, 1900. In this letter Taylor, less than a month on the job, vividly describes the growing Gold Rush town of Nome which at that point was barely a year old: "Saloons are thick. One place has 15 in one row all side by side they run open as a grocery store at home and are full of every gambling game you can think of. Women go in just the same as men just like saloons at fair time. Every one has music of some kind. Some have dance halls. You dance with a girl then they take her up to the bar and treat costs 50 cents and that is the way it goes on that line. To try to describe it proper would be impossible. Ever since I been here you could count 50 ships in the harbor any day and they are coming and going every day. When we landed on the beach there was the worst jam you ever saw. Freight piled 10 feet high as far as you can see millions of dollars laying on the beach in everything you can think of, and everyone trying to get their stuff first, and only 4 or 5 feet from the water and that space filled with wagons and dog teams, men with carts and any old thing you could ask for. I wish you could see the power plants on the beach they are stretched out for miles up and down the beach. Steam, gasoline, coal, oil, windmills etc .I wish you could see them and all the different kinds of machines for saving gold. Everyone has a different idea. And talk about your boat building, the people are making thousands of them to go to the different streams prospecting and mining. Tents on the beach are as thick as they can stick for 20 miles most all camped on the sand from 20 to 60 feet from the water. This town is a mushroom town, sprang from 5 thousand to 30000 in a week or two, such a jam on the street you can hardly push yourself along sometimes. The streets is so narrow in some places I can step across the street from side walk to side walk in two steps hardly as wide as out alleys at home. I have seen one team block the whole street. A drunk man can lay down on the side walk or in the street and sleep all day people walk around him and never bother him at all. I could write for a week if I had the time to spare but will tell you all when I get home. I am making from 5 to 7 dollars a day now working in the Post Office. Am going mining in a few days."
"When the Nome, Alaska, post office opened in June 1899, Joseph Wright was named postmaster. By that fall, over 3,000 people were in Nome, with thousands more on the way. Clum had returned to Alaska in April, and concentrated his efforts on Western Alaska and the Bering Sea, extending postal service to the north Bering Sea coast, and establishing semi-monthly postal service between Nome and Point Blossom.
By the summer of 1900, the Nome rush had reached its peak. Over 20,000 people crowded the city and beaches of Nome, looking for gold--and mail. Clum, who assumed charge of the Nome post office for much of the summer of 1900, employed 23 men in that tiny building. Fortunately for him, among the gold-seekers that summer were two letter carriers from Salem, Oregon. Fred Lockley, Jr. And Ben Taylor, after obtaining temporary leaves of absence from their jobs, had arrived in Nome looking for gold that summer. When it became apparent to both that there were no available claims, they approached Clum with an interesting offer--their service as free city delivery carriers. The pair were hired, and their work was deeply appreciated by the astonished citizens of Nome. Lockley wrote about their work in a small book, "Alaska's First Free Mail Delivery in 1900" (Smithsonian Postalmuseum).
"In the summer of 1898, the "Three Lucky Swedes": Norwegian-American Jafet Lindeberg, and two naturalized American citizens of Swedish birth, Erik Lindblom and John Brynteson, discovered gold on Anvil Creek. News of the discovery reached the outside world that winter. By 1899, Nome had a population of 10,000 and the area was organized as the Nome mining district. In that year, gold was found in the beach sands for dozens of miles along the coast at Nome, which spurred the stampede to new heights. Thousands more people poured into Nome during the spring of 1900 aboard steamships from the ports of Seattle and San Francisco. By 1900, a tent city on the beaches and on the treeless coast reached 48 km (30 mi), from Cape Rodney to Cape Nome. In June of that year, Nome averaged 1000 newcomers a day" (Wikipedia).

 

6. [ALASKA]
[Album with over 290 Original Photos or Real Photo Postcards of Alaska, with the Emphasis on the Construction and Early Years of the Copper River & Northwestern Railway from Cordova to the Kennekott Copper Mines].
Ca. 1900-1910s. Oblong Folio (ca. 25x36 cm). Over 50 leaves. With over 290 gelatin silver prints (including over 20 dismounted or loosely inserted ones), vast majority printed as real photo postcards (private and studio ones); also with three large photos ca. 18,5x23,5 cm (7 ¼ x 9 ¼ in) and about two dozen small family portraits. Over 20 images signed and/or titled in negative. With a business card of Lila Marie Hubbell (pianist and teacher, Bremerton, Wash.) loosely inserted. Period style brown half morocco with cloth covered boards; gilt lettered title “Alaska album” on the spine. A number of leaves worn and with tears on extremities, several detached from the stub and loosely inserted, some photos removed from the album (but with 20 additional loose photos at rear); overall a very good album.
Interesting historically significant album with early images of the Copper River and Northwestern Railway, constructed in 1907-1911 by J. P. Morgan and the Guggenheim family to transport copper ore from the Kennicott mining town to Cordova. The railway operated until the copper deposits were depleted in 1938. The Copper River Highway and the McCarthy road were subsequently constructed along the railway’s tracks.
The album apparently compiled by one of the employees of the CR&NW Railway, or by a local resident, contains over 20 original photos of the railway’s trains, going along the tracks, snow plowing, or with railroad workers, engine drivers or passengers posing to the camera. The photos include a nice portrait of the engine drivers posing next to the train’s snow plow on the track, group portrait of workers and officials of the Katalla Coal Company Railroad posing on engine at Brunner Crossing (real photo postcard by Evans), and a view of “Lieut. F. Mears private train, Sept. 5th to 8th 1914, standing at Chitina depot, C.R. & N.W.Ry.” (real photo postcard by P.S. Hunt). A series of eight photos depict a train wreck on the CR&NW Railway with cranes and workers trying to raise the train from a river; there are also scenes of the railway’s survey and construction operations with wood blocks and excavators at work. A dozen photos depict the tracks of the CR&NW Railway, from the wharf in Cordova to the Kennikott mine with the end of the tracks; about seven images show the bridges, including the Kuskalana Bridge under construction and sections of the Million Dollar Bridge across the Copper River. There are also interesting images of several ships belonging to the Alaska Steamship Company fleet which were used to bring supplies for the CR&NW Railway construction: original photo of the steamer “Nizina” with passengers on board, and real photo postcards of S.S. Farallon, S.S. Yukatan and S.S. Northwestern (by J. Thwaites, also with a large photo of the ship by Winter Pond Co.). There is also a real photo postcard of a wreck of S.S. Portland on a beach at Katalla (near Cordova).
Large group of images represent family photos of the album’s compiler, showing Alaskan residents posing in front of their houses, cabins, in hunting camps, with sledge dogs, on board local steamers or small sailing boats; there are interesting photos of the interiors of local houses and cabins, scenes of public entertainment in Fairbanks, a big group portrait taken during a public celebration, a photo of a “Wash day at Smith’s camp”; portrait of skaters on the ice near Chitina et al. Several photos and real photo postcards show views of Cordova, Tenakee Springs, Ketchikan, Seward, Fort Liscum, Chitina and Copper Rivers, Alaskan towns, mountains, glaciers et al. About 20 real photo postcards mounted in the album were taken by J. Thwaites, E. Hegg, Andrew Evans, H.A. Ives, P.S. Hunt, and Winter Pond Co. Overall a very good album.

 

7. [ALASKA]
CASSIN, John (1813-1869)
Illustrations of the Birds of California, Texas, Oregon, British and Russian America.
Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., [1853-]1856. First Edition. Quarto (28 x 20cm). Viii, 298 pp. With fifty hand-colored lithographed plates by William E. Hitchcock, the first twenty after George G. White. 20th century red gilt tooled full sheep with raised bands. Spine slightly rubbed, plates generally clean, plate 10 with light wear to top margin, text very mildly age toned, overall a very good copy.
"First edition in book form, originally issued in ten parts from 1853 to 1855. The work aimed to cover the species discovered since the appearance of Audubon's Birds of America. Cassin (1813-1869) headed an engraving and lithographing firm in Philadelphia which produced illustrations for government and scientific publications. He pursued ornithology as an amateur, giving his spare time to the Philadelphia Academy of Science which was developing the largest bird specimen collection then in existence. Cassin arranged and catalogued the 26,000 specimens, and published regular reports of the results of his research. Unlike Audubon, his publications were primarily technical monographs of new species" (Sothebys); This work was "to be regarded in some measure as an addition to the works of former authors in American Ornithology, but at the same time complete in itself" (Preface). Cassin especially sought to describe birds not known to Audubon. Lada-Mocarski 144; Nissen 173; Sabin 11369; Sitwell p. 85; Wood p. 281; Zimmer p. 124.

 

8. [AMAZON]
HERNDON, William Lewis (1813-1857)
[Autograph Manuscript Letter Book of U.S. Naval Lieutenant William Lewis Herndon, Containing Copies of Thirty-Two Documents Written on Board USS Iris during the Mexican-American War, and a Copy of a Letter to Lardner Gibbon during the US Expedition to the Valley of the Amazon].
[U.S.S. Iris at various locations (Vera Cruz, Pensacola, Laguna); and Tarma (Peru), 1847-1851]. [44] pp. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). Black ink on lined paper; text clean and legible. Original quarter sheep note book with marbled boards; contemporary bookplate on the front pastedown. Housed in a custom made cloth clamshell box with an olive gilt title label on the spine. Hinges cracked, spine partially perished, corners worn, but overall a very good letter book.
Original letter book of noted American naval officer, Amazon explorer and naval hero William Lewis Herndon; it contains the original draft of Herndon’s instructions to the expedition member Lt. Lardner Gibbon regarding his further exploration of the Amazon following their separation at Tarma, Peru on July 1, 1851. The text of the manuscript differs slightly from the one published in volume I of Herndon and Gibbon's “Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon” (Washington, 1854, pp. 33-34), and has some manuscript corrections, which makes it an important historical source.
Herndon assigned Gibbon a different route of discovery so that "while I gave my own personal attention to the countries drained by the upper Marañon, Mr. Gibbon might explore some, and gather all the information he could respecting others, of the Bolivian tributaries of the Amazon." This letter provides Gibbon with guidance as to the route he is to follow and the importance of minimizing risk to himself to ensure that the results of their exploration might be preserved. “Lt. Herndon pushed into the upper Amazon. Lt. Gibbon traveled south through Bolivia and then into the selvas of Brazil. The two groups met in Serpa, Brazil, and then continued down the Amazon River to Para” (Hill 803).
The letter book also contains thirty two letters and documents written on board USS Iris which was under Herndon’s command during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The correspondence is primarily on various day to day issues including the engineering problems and administrative issues. However, also included is a five-page letter dated aboard the Iris at Laguna in March of 1848 to an unidentified recipient, but probably Matthew C. Perry, Commanding the Home Squadron off Mexico during the Mexican-American War. The letter reports the results of Herndon's meetings at Sisal with Military Commandant Don Alonzo Azuar regarding Indian involvement in the conflict, and with the senior Spanish Naval Officer present, Don Francisco Garcia di Salas, commander of the brig Nervian, regarding the landing of guns and munitions.
In 1857, as a captain of the ill-fated U.S. Mail Steamer Central America, Herndon showed the utmost heroism while saving lives of the passengers during the hurricane of Cape Hatteras, having evacuated all women and children. 426 passengers and crew, including Herndon perished with the ship, thus making the wreckage the largest loss of life in a commercial ship disaster in United States history. Herndon's heroism prompted the construction of the Herndon Monument at the U. S. Naval Academy in 1860.
Overall this Letter book represents an important primary source on the history of the US expedition to the Amazon (1851-1852) and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).

 

9. [AMERICAS]
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Map of the Americas Titled:] Tabula Nouarum Insularum, Quas Diuersis Respectibus Occidentales & Indianas Uocant.
Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x34 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some very mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An early map of the Americas by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. This very important map of continental America is considered "the earliest of any note" (Burden 12).., The Portuguese flag is shown flying over the South Atlantic and the Spanish one over her possessions in the Caribbean. The Straits of Magellan are named again, and Mare Pacificum appears for the first time on a printed map. Magellan's ship Victoria, the only survivor of five vessels, appears in the middle of this ocean. Marco Polo's influence can be seen with Zipangri (Japan) appearing three years before the earliest known contact with Europeans, and also his Archipelagus 7448 insularu. The Yucatan is still shown as an island and the lake at Temistitan is depicted emptying into the Gulf of Mexico. North America is not shown as accurately as the southern half of the continent, it had to a large extent been neglected so far by explorers. When Giovanni de Verrazzano, in the service of Francis I of France, passed by the Outer Banks of the Carolinas in 1524 he mistook Pamlico and Albemarle Sounds for the 'Oriental Sea' that led to Cathay and the rich Spice Islands. Here Munster perpetuates this error and through the success of this book provided a huge impetus to the exploration of the region. The only place names appearing here are C. Britonum, marking England's early explorations, Corterati, probably Newfoundland after the Corte Reals, and Terra forida. Francisca is named in honor of Francis I" (Burden, Mapping of North America 12).

 

10. [AMERICAS]
ORTELIUS, A[braham] (1527-1598)
[Map of Western Hemisphere Titled:] Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio.
Antwerp, ca. 1571. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 36,5x50,5 cm (14 ½ x 20 in). Map cleaned and sized and with some expert minor repair to lower blank margin, remains of archival mounting tape on verso. Overall still a very good and attractive map.
This attractive ornamental map is an impression from the first of three copperplates, without the publisher's address, second state (of three) with the Azores correctly labelled. From one of the third Latin editions, 1571-73. "Ortelius depicts the discoveries of a number of people on this map, but the general shape of the continent is derived from Gerard Mercator's great twenty-one sheet world map of the previous year. The two of them had a close relationship and shared their knowledge openly with each other.., One of the main noticeable features of the map is the bulbous Chilean coastline; this was not corrected until his third plate. A strategically placed cartouche hides a complete lack of knowledge of the southern waters of the Pacific. Once through the Strait of Magellan the voyager's sea route took him on an almost direct course for the East Indies. No sight had been made of a large continent but conventional wisdom had it that there had to be as much land in the southern hemisphere as in the northern. This was not fully dispelled until the second voyage of the remarkable Captain James Cook in 1772-75. The west coast of North America is shown too far west, as was common at the time" (Burden 39).
"This is one of the most famous maps of America and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The map features an exaggerated breadth of the North American continent, with a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego" (Old World Auctions); Broecke 9.2; Koeman III, 9000: 31A; Tooley, America S. 320; Wagner 80.

 

11. [ARCTIC - HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY]
CHARLES, John, Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (d. 1849)
[Autograph Letter Signed to Alexander Christie, Chief Factor of the York Factory, Reporting of the Brigade’s Affairs Before Leaving Norway House to Fort Chipewyan for the Season].
Norway House, 1 August 1830. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 3 pp. Addressed, sealed and docketed on the last blank page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, otherwise a very good legible letter.
An interesting letter from John Charles, a leader of the Hudson’s Bay Company’s Athabasca Brigade and Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (1830-1834), written on the eve of the brigade’s departure to the interior for the winter trade. The letter is addressed to Alexander Christie (1792-1872), chief factor of the York Factory, subsequently considered one of the most influential factors of the Hudson’s Bay Company.
Charles reports on the departure of the Athabasca Brigade, as well as conditions and supplies at Norway House: “We have now nearly made an end of our Business here and expect to move off at the latest in a Day or so. Our four Boats for Athabasca were away Yesterday with an Ample Supply for the Season to meet all Demands. The Goods forwarded by Messrs. Meler & Hargrave for the Men’s Equipment were most ample <…> the Men appear quite Satisfied with these Advances, which are the best they ever got.”He hopes that when “the Athabasca Brigade will henceforth return from the Plain [?], if we could have a Building of some kind erected for transacting our Business it will be of great Advantage, for at present the want of Sufficient Room even to make a temporary Shop, creates much Inconvenience, and I may add not a little Confusion. I would also be obliged to you to give Orders to have the Boats built for us at this Place, for the New Boats brought from the other Places we generally get the Worst.” Charles reports that “in order to prevent too much of some Articles and too little of others being forwarded for Men’s Equipment next Spring, I have made out a Requisition, both for Advances and Outfit, which if it can be complied with will be fully Sufficient.” He also complains of hard conditions on the Winter Road, resulting in sickness and injury among the Indian accompanying the brigade. Overall a very interesting informative letter.

 

12. [ARCTIC - NORTHWEST PASSAGE]
[Collection of Four Related Autograph Letters Signed by John Franklin, Frederick William Beechey, John Richardson and John D. Hunter, Apparently Addressed to Nicholas Garry, Deputy Governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company).
Four ALS, all dated by days of the week but without a year, but 1824. Three Small Octavos (ca. 18x11,5 cm), and one small note ca. 9,5x11 cm. Each 1 page, brown ink on paper. One with a pencil written list of names on verso. All with old identical guards on verso, indicating that the letters were mounted together in an album. Very good letters.
An interesting collection of original letters by noted Arctic explorers, apparently all related to meetings to make preparations for the 1824-25 voyages to find the Northwest Passage. Three letters were written by the members of two corresponding expeditions to the region: John Franklin and John Richardson, who explored the shores of the Arctic Ocean west and east of the Coppermine River in 1825-1827, and Frederick William Beechey, who explored the Bering Strait from the west in 1825-1828, in an attempt to meet Franklin’s expedition. In his letter Franklin also mentions George Francis Lyon who was to sail on HMS Griper to the Repulse Bay in June 1824. The author of the fourth letter, John D. Hunter, also mentioned in Franklin’s letter as a participant of one of the meetings, was apparently an organiser or a member of one of those expeditions. Dated by days of the week, the letters refer to several meetings in March 1824. John Richardson’s letter was written at “55 Devonshire Street,” which was John Franklin’s London address.
Beechey’s and Hunter’s letters are addressed to “Mr. Garry,” most likely Nicholas Garry (ca. 1782-1856), deputy governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1822-1835. Fort Garry (now Winnipeg) was founded and named after him in 1822. Several places in the Northwest Passage were named after him during the expedition season of 1825-27. John Franklin gave his name to the Garry Island in the delta of the Mackenzie River “for all his active kindness and indefatigable attention to the comfort of myself and my companions” (Franklin, J. Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea, 1825, 1826, and 1827. London, 1828, p. 36). William Parry named Cape Garry in the Somerset Island, Prince Regent Inlet “after by worthy friend Nicholas Garry, Esq., one of the most active members of the Hudson’s Bay Company, and a gentleman most warmly interested in everything connected with northern discovery” (Parry, W. Journal of a Third Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific; Performed in the Years 1824-25 in His Majesty's Ships Hecla and Fury. London, 1826, p. 140).
In his letter to Mr. Garry, John D. Hunter also mentions “Mr. Halkett”, who was most likely, John Halkett (1768-1852), director of the HBC and a member of its London Committee.
The texts of the letters:
Franklin: “My dear Sir, I shall have great pleasure in joining your party on Thursday the 25th but you must let me off early as I am engaged to an Evening party. I was just going to write to you when your note came, to say Mrs. Franklin and I will be glad to have the pleasure of your company at dinner on Tuesday 30th March at six. I hope Mr. Hunter will be with us also. I will send your letter to Capt. Lyon and I shall probably take the opportunity of seeing Parry tomorrow. Ever sincerely & faithfully yours, John Franklin. Tuesday Eveng.”
Richardson: “Dear Sir, I shall with much pleasure dine with you on Wednesday next at 7. I am dear Sir yours sincerely, John Richardson. Saturday, 55 Devonshire Street.”
Beechey: “Captain Beechey presents his compliments to Mr. Garry and will have the pleasure of accepting his polite invitation for the 6th inst. Harley Street, March 21st.”
Hunter: “I sincerely thank you my dear Mr. Garry for the book you were kind enough to send me, but my engagements will I fear render it out of my power to read it through. I will dine with you on Tuesday if I return from Brighton in time. I shall start at 11 this morning, & contemplate to return on Monday evening, I am much pleased to hear that among other friends Mr. Halkett will be one. Believe me very sincerely yours &c. John D. Hunter. Saturday morning.”

 

13. [ATLAS OF THE WORLD]
KÖHLER, J[ohann] D[avid] (1684-1755)
[Atlas of the Modern World Titled:] Atlas Manualis Scholasticus et Itinerarius Complectens Novae Geographiae Tabulas LI.
Nürnberg: Johann Christoph Weigel, [1723]. Revised edition with an updated index and title. Folio (37x25 cm). With a copper engraved title (index verso), double-page copper engraved frontispiece by J. G. Berckmüller, and fifty-one original hand coloured copper engraved maps on fifty (forty-nine double-page & one folding) leaves. Original brown limp full sheep with blind stamped title on spine. Covers mildly rubbed, titled page with a couple marginal tears (with old repairs), Frontispiece slightly shaved at top at, a few maps with marginal tears and old repairs. However the atlas overall in very good and very original condition, the maps are strong impressions and generally clean with attractive unfaded original hand colouring.
The fifty-one very decorative maps include: A World map, Europe, Portugal, Spain, France, Lorraine, Great Britain, England, Scotland, Ireland, Netherlands(3), Germany and fifteen maps of German states, Switzerland, Italy and five maps of Italian states, Scandinavia, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Muscovy, Danube course, Hungary (two maps together), Greece (2), Asia, Ottoman Empire, Holy Land, Africa & America. The maps are based on designs by Homann, Moll and Goos and are decorated with very attractive cartouches. The historian Koehler and engraver and publisher Weigel collaborated on a number of atlases, this probably being the most elaborate. Johann David Kohler was a professor of logic and history at universities in Altdorf and later Göttingen and served briefly as university librarian at Altdorf. (Tooley K-P p.49). Johann Christoph Weigel (1654-1725), was a German engraver, illustrator and publisher (Tooley Q-Z p. 367); Phillips 569;

 

14. [ATLAS OF THE WORLD]
PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius (after 83-ca 168 AD)
Geographiae Universae tum veteris tum novae absolvtissimum opus duobus voluminibus distinctum in quorum priore habentur Cl. Ptolemæi Pelvisiensis Geographicae enarrationis Libri octo. P. I-II.., [Universal Geography..,].
Cologne: Petrus Keschedt, 1597. Second Latin Edition. Quarto, 2 parts in one. [viii], 184, [38], [2]; 292 leaves, [28 leaves index] pp. With two elaborately engraved title-pages with oval cartouches within engraved allegorical borders and 63 full-page engraved maps printed on rectos or versos of letterpress. Bound without the double page world map (after Rumold Mercator) often found bound in after p. 28 in part 2, but with no trace that it was ever present. Period full vellum with manuscript title in ink on spine. New endpapers and text mildly age toned throughout, otherwise in very good original condition.
"Second edition of Ptolomy's Geographia edited by Giovanni Magnini which was first published in Venice 1596. The maps are exact copies of Girolamo Porro's maps used for the first edition and later Venetian editions. This is the issue without the colophon at the end of the "Index" (corresponding with a copy at Harvard)" (Sothebys); Alden & Landis 597/57; Phillips 404 (issue with colophon); Sabin 66493n and 43822; Shirley 201-204.

 

15. [BOLIVIA - GUARICAYA INDIANS]
[Official Certified Transcript of Documents Relating to the Franciscan Mission of Iti and the Guaricaya Indians in Southern Bolivia].
[La Plata (Bolivia), 1784-1789]. Folio (ca. 31x21,5 cm). 31 pp., stitched with a string. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, text in Spanish. Housed in a recent navy blue half morocco box with gilt lettered title on the spine. Manuscript with minor soiling and wear, old folds and creasing. Faint damp stain on final few leaves, causing very minor loss to five or six leaves, primarily in the margin, with only a few words affected. Overall a very good manuscript.
Official collection of documents relating to missions in the Viceroyalty of La Plata in present-day Bolivia, specifically the Reduccion of Iti. Written on certified paper dated 1780-1781, with official certification stamps dated 1784-1785 and 1790-1791, the documents are in a neat secretarial hand. Included is a list of the accounts and explanations of expenses for the Reduccion of Iti, detailing items and their costs, as well as correspondence concerning their staffing and running. The Guaricaya Indians, the tribal group of the immediate area are also mentioned in the document. A significant record of an Indian mission in the foothills of the Andes, at a time for which little documentation exists.
The Iti mission, founded by the Jesuits, is one of a group of missions which survived as such into the 19th century; those immediately to the north are now designated a World Heritage site. After the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish America in 1767, most of their missions were taken over by Franciscans or secularized. The missions at Iti, Fayarenda, and Azero, all discussed in the manuscript, were among those which became Franciscan. All were in the same region of southern Bolivia, just north of the Argentine provinces of Salta and Jujuy, in what is today the Chuquisaca Department. Under Spanish rule this area had been administered by the Viceroyalty of La Plata, which controlled what are now the lowlands of Bolivia, while the highlands to the west were governed by the Viceroyalty of Peru. Iti sits along the ancient Incan road, now Route 9 in Bolivia and northern Argentina.
Provenance: Maggs, Bibliotheca Americana 3239, issued in 1924.

 

16. [CALIFORNIA - SAN FRANCISCO]
[Original Photograph Panorama of San Francisco From Russian Hill Looking Towards the Bay in Four Parts].
Ca. 1890. A gelatin silver print in four joined parts in total ca. 14x73,5 cm (5 ½ x 29 in). Photograph mounted on linen and with some mild creases but overall a very good strong image.
This panorama shows San Francisco in the 1890s, which was by then a city of 300,000 people, and how it looked before its devastation by the 1906 earthquake.

 

17. [CALIFORNIA]
[BAEGERT, Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California..,]
Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo. [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives" (Hill 46); Barrett 129;"According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.

 

18. [CAMEROON]
AYMERICH, Joseph Gaudérique (1858-1937)
[Original French Manuscript of Aymerich’s Book “La conquête du Cameroun, 1er août 1914-20 février 1916” (Paris, 1933), with Seven Additional Maps not Present in the Printed Edition, Supplemented with Five Lectures on the French Colonization of North and West Africa in 1880-1900s, Read by Aymerich at the Academie du Var Society in the 1920s; With a Historical Overview of the Defense by the French of Fort du Camp des Romains south of Saint-Mihiel (Lorrain) in September 1914].
N.p., n.d. [ca. 1925]. Folio (ca. 34x22 cm). T.p., 269 numbered pages. Blue ink on lined paper; text clean and legible, occasional pencil and ink manuscript corrections in text. With 22 manuscript ink maps in text, several partly hand coloured. Original note book with marbled boards and cloth spine; paper label with manuscript ink title on the front board. With a hand drawn plan of Brazzaville (Republic of Congo), ca. 14x21 cm loosely inserted at rear. Paper slightly age toned, the notebook loose on hinges and rubbed on extremities, spine with minor tears; but overall a very good manuscript.
Important and extensive manuscript, illustrated with twenty-two hand drawn charts, by General Joseph Aymerich, Commandant-superior of French Equatorial Africa (AEF) in 1913-1916 and the administrator of French Cameroons in 1916. Most of the text (pp. 1-179) is occupied with the original manuscript of Aymerich’s book “La conquête du Cameroun, 1er août 1914-20 février 1916” (Paris, 1933, with 9 maps). Divided into 16 chapters, it contains a detailed account of the Kamerun Campaign of WW1 – the invasion of German Kamerun by the Allied forces in August 1914 - February 1916. An Anglo-French column landed in Douala (1914), and by 1916 reached the new capital of the colony in Jaunde where it met with the English and Belgian columns coming from Nigeria and Congo. When the Germans were expelled from the colony, the territory was divided between France (nine-tenths) and England.
Among the chapters are: Opening of the Hostilities, Early Success, M'Birou Massacre. - Operations on Various Fronts. – Capture of Nola, N'Zimou Combat, Rapid Advances of the Lobaye Column. - Defense Council of 6 February 1915, First Conference of Douala. - Interruption of Expeditionary Operations, Misunderstandings. - Second Conference of Douala, General Offensive Plan for October 1915. - My Journey, Arrival to Doumé, Operations of detachment of East Kamerun to Nanga Eboko. - Fierce Struggle around Mugan-Si, Gathering of the Allied forces in Jaunde. - Continuation of the Hostilities, Occupation of Ebolowa. - Junction with South Columns, Retreat of Germans to the Neutral Territory, End of the Campaign. - Organization of the Country, Anglo-French Demarcation of the Area.
The manuscript is illustrated with thirteen hand drawn maps, including six later reproduced in the printed edition, and seven unpublished. Among the unpublished maps are: sketch of N'Zimou; plan of fights near Ebom and M'Boulenzork (26 October 1914); large maps of the operations of the Lobave and Sangha column (August-December 1914); map of the advance of the Expeditionary corps in June 1915; map of the combined advance to Jaunde in October 1915 – January 1916; and a map of the operations under command of Nord, Brinet and Cunlif.
The second part is titled “Fragments of the Colonial epic” (pp. 183-253) and consists of 5 chapters: 1) Our civilizing influence in Africa; 2) A mission to Fouta Djallon in 1888-89 (Guinea, West Africa, with a map); 3) Military operations against the Baoule people in 1900-1 (Ivory Coast, with 4 maps); 4) The drama of Mayjirgui (description of the tragedy during the French military expedition to Lake Chad in 1898 under command of captain Voulet, near the village of Maijirgui, Niger; with 2 maps); 5) Two months in the Sahara (account of a travel from Agadez to Zinder (both in Niger, Southern Sahara) in 1904, with a map). The first three texts are excerpts from communications or lectures at the Academy of Var (Toulon) in 1923 and 1924. Finally, the last part (pp. 255-265) under the title "The Agony of a fortress (Le Camp des Romains)" recounts the heroic resistance of the French troops besieged by the Germans in a fort located south of Saint-Mihiel (Meuse, Lorraine) between 23 and September 25, 1914. The narration is illustrated by a plan of the Meuse heights and the Woëvre plain. The manuscript is supplemented with a detailed table of contents at rear and a hand drawn plan of Brazzaville (the capital of French Equatorial Africa in 1910-1958, now the capital of the Republic of Congo) loosely inserted at the end.

 

19. [CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY]
PEACOCK, [Alfred?]
[Historically Important Album with Fourteen Original Watercolours of South Eastern British Columbia Including the Canadian Pacific Railway Titled on the Spine:] B.C. & C.P.R. Album.
1886. Oblong Folio (ca. 29x40 cm). Fourteen album leaves with fourteen mounted watercolours ca. 20,5x31 cm (8 x 12 ½ in.) and slightly smaller, all titled and two dated. Recent period style blue half morocco album with cloth boards, spine with raised bands and gilt lettered title. A very good album with beautiful watercolours.
Attractive album with fourteen watercolours of south-eastern British Columbia including the Canadian Pacific Railway including:
1) Moberly Peak. - 1st Columbia Crossing. - Kicking Horse Pass; 2) Moberly Peak. - Mouth of Kicking Horse Pass. - Rocky Mountains. -Valley of Columbia, Selkirks. Columbia R.; 3) Graves alongside the dump. C.P.R.; 4) C.P.R. Snow Sheds in the Mountains.; 5) Kicking Horse Pass. Canadian Pacific Railway; 6) Packing over the Mountains; 7) Selkirks from high ground near "1st crossing of Columbia R.;" 8) Bit of the Rockies near mouth of Blackberry R. - Columbia R. In foreground; 9) Going down the Columbia - Oct. 1886; 10) On the Columbia R.; 11) Law’s Ranche - Head of Columbia River Oct. 1886; 12) Engineers Office - Gaol - Court House - Stoess[Stores?]; 13) Landing at Golden City - Columbia River; 14) Kicking Horse River - Selkirk Range - Golden City (Pig - Queens Hotel - R. Lang's Store - Pat's House). Peacock was no doubt one of the transcontinental passengers who travelled and documented the C.P.R. In 1886, the first year of its operation. "The last spike in the CPR was driven on 7 November 1885, by one of its directors, Donald Smith, but so many cost-cutting shortcuts were taken in constructing the railway that regular transcontinental service could not start for another seven months while work was done to improve the railway's condition (part of this was due to snow in the mountains and lack of snow sheds to keep the line open).., The first transcontinental passenger train departed from Montreal's Dalhousie Station, located at Berri Street and Notre Dame Street at 8 pm on 28 June 1886, and arrived at Port Moody at noon on 4 July 1886" (Wikipedia).

 

20. [CENTRAL AFRICA]
LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Autograph Letter Signed "David Livingstone" Dated at Mr. Stearns', Malabar Hill, Nov. 2nd 1865 and Addressed on the Verso “To H. Chowfussy." “I expect a telegram from James Young... On a subject of considerable importance to me, but as it would appear from your careful investigation that no telegram has come from England for me, the only other source I can imagine must have been from the Governor and as I have written to him to-day he will see that I have not received any - I think that no further search need be made but with hearty thanks I remain sincerely yours…”]
Nov. 2nd 1865. Octavo letter (ca. 18x11,5 cm) in four pages on a bifolium. Brown ink written in a legible hand on laid beige paper. Fold marks and with residue of mounting paste, but overall the letter is in very good condition.
In November 1864, Livingstone had decided that he "would try to ‘settle’ the watersheds of central Africa, though he insisted that he remained primarily a missionary. He planned to return to the Rovuma, pass to the north of Lake Nyasa, look for the Nile headwaters, and then make for Ujiji, on Lake Tanganyika; but he still hoped to find a site for a trading mission. The expedition was to be small-scale, without a steamboat, and without other Europeans. The RGS put up £500, as did the British government; and £1000 came from James Young, a friend from Livingstone's student days in Glasgow, who had made a fortune from distilling paraffin" (Oxford DNB); James Young's (1811-1883) £1000 contribution is perhaps what explains the importance of the mentioned telegram to Livingstone. This letter dates from Livingstone's time in Bombay where he organized and recruited for this expedition. "In Bombay, Livingstone recruited several sepoys, and twelve Africans from mission schools.., [and] the governor, Sir Bartle Frere.., gave the party passage in a government ship to Zanzibar [in January 1866]" (Oxford DNB). This was to be Livingstone's last expedition where after a long period without contact to the outside world, Stanley found him at Ujiji in 1871 and greeted him there with the famous salutation, "Dr Livingstone, I presume?" William French Stearns (1835-74) was the son of the distinguished President of Amherst College, Massachusetts. He was engaged in the business of Stearns, Hobart & Co. Of Bombay from 1857 to 1868. Livingstone had met Stearns in 1865 on a steamer to Bombay and had become firm friends. Stearns letters from Livingstone were published by Boston University's African Studies Centre in 1968.

 

21. [CHINA & VIETNAM]
MORNET, Charles Louis Désiré, Vice-Admiral (1863-1942)
[Archive of Lieutenant Charles Mornet, Commander of the Ship "Surprise," Including 143 Photographs of China and Vietnam; [With] Five Carte-de Visite (three Mornet, one General Voyron, one Chinese Governor), one 1925 Le Monde Newspaper Clipping of an Article by Mornet as Vice-Admiral about a Voyage to the Levant (with two ink drawings and one manuscript map relating to the Levant) and Fifteen Chinese Rice Paper Sheets with Official Titles in Chinese Calligraphy and French Transcription].
1900-1901. 143 mainly silver gelatin prints with 18 large ones ca. 20x26 cm (8 x 10 ½ in) and smaller and 125 medium and smaller images majority ca. 8x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in). Most of the photographs are loosely mounted on 28 large beige wove paper sheets with pencil captions. The archive is housed in a period beige cloth portfolio. Portfolio dust soiled and with rubbing of extremities but otherwise in good condition. Paper mounts with some edge wear, a few photographs mildly faded and a couple with some minor corner chips, but overall a very good archive.
The strong sharp images include views in China of: Yangtze River (4) (river scenes and towns and temples on the river); Shanghai (6) (Foochow Road and other street and river scenes); Nanjing (21) (City wall and gate, Ming tomb, locals in costume, English and French schools etc.); Wuhan (11) (Chinese troops etc.); Xinyang (4 large) (River scenes, Pagoda etc.); Fuzhou (2) (Panorama and Pagoda); Ningbo (3) (Catholic Mission); Beijing (33) (Panoramas and views including: Summer Palace, Temple of Heaven, marble bridge, Winter Palace and images of before and after the siege of the Beitang); Vietnam including Saigon (18) (Government buildings, market, zoo, Dragon Festival in Cholon etc.); Hai Phong, Ha Long and Ha Long Bay (20) (Hai Phong Chamber of Commerce, port, panorama of Ha Long, Ha Long Bay with Dhows etc.); (2) Border Town Dong Dang & (1) Gate in Seoul; Commander Mornet alone or in groups (7): Ship 'Surprise' exterior and interior (8).
This archive of photographs and documents was compiled by Lieutenant Mornet Charles, commander of the gunboat 'Surprise' accompanying the French Far East Squadron to China in 1900 to quell the Boxer Rebellion. In June 1900, the anti-Western movement led to the murder of Clemens von Ketteler, the German envoy, and to a siege by the Boxers of the foreign legations in Beijing. In response, the Western nations, threatened in their political and economic interests, sent troops (Eight-Nation Alliance) to recover the concessions. The Battle of Peking brought to an end the siege of the foreign legations and also the siege of the Roman Catholic Church's Beijing Northern Church (known then as the Peitang (Beitang)). The damage caused by this siege by an estimated ten thousand Boxers is documented by photographs in this collection.

 

22. [CIRCUMNAVIGATION -AUSTRALIA, HAWAII & CALIFORNIA]
ARMSTRONG, Thomas Henry, Captain (d. At Sea Oct. 1852)
[Extensive Archive of Over Eighty Items Relating to the Three-Year Maiden Circumnavigation Voyage of the Nova Scotia Bark "Avondale"].
1849-52. The items in this archive are overall in very good condition.
A remarkable and extensive archive of bills of lading, purchase receipts, shipping documents, pay ledgers, harbor masters’ certificates and other official documents which chronicle the voyage of Captain Thomas Henry Armstrong as he circumnavigated the globe between 1849 and 1852 in his merchant bark the “Avondale”. The three year voyage took Armstrong from Nova Scotia to Liverpool, Melbourne, Sydney, San Francisco, Honolulu, Valparaiso, Montevideo, New Orleans and back to Nova Scotia. Tragically, Captain Armstrong died at sea in October 1852 during the final leg of the voyage from New Orleans to Nova Scotia. His wife Melinda’s mourning brooch with a tintype of Captain Armstrong is included in this archive as well as a daguerreotype of him. Melinda is part of the Mounce family, a family of notable Avondale ship builders. The collection also includes: A receipt from Oct. 1849 for duty paid in Windsor, Nova Scotia on the newly built bark "Avondale;" Mariners tickets including persons with distinguishing features such as "Crooked Nose" and "Growing Boy;" Many purchase receipts; A ink sketch of most likely the "Avondale;" Fifteen items (July & August 1850) from Australia (Melbourne and Sydney) mainly receipts (including one for charts of the Northern Pacific) and a printed leaf "Code of Signals, in Use at Melbourne;" Ten items (Nov. 1850 - March 1851) from the first call in San Francisco, mainly receipts including one from the "Alta California Newspaper" for an ad that the "Avondale" was sailing for Panama; Six items relating to the "Avondale's" first call in Montevideo Aug. 1851; Four items relating to the "Avondale's" stay in Honolulu in Nov. 1851 including a printed pictorial letterhead certificate of clearance; Five items from the second call in San Francisco Dec. 1851 & Jan. 1852; Sixteen items relating to the "Avondale's" stay in Valparaiso April 1852; Three items relating to the "Avondale's" second call in Montevideo May & June 1852; a letter from Armstrong's bother dated 10th of October, 1852, answering his brother's letter from the 15th of Sept. 1852 and addressed to New Orleans. A rare collection of ephemera documenting in detail a mid-19th century trading circumnavigation.

 

23. [EGYPT & MALTA]
[Album with Seventy-nine Early Albumen Photographs Taken or Bought on Various Voyages on the H.M.S. "Crocodile (3)" to Egypt (42 including Suez), Malta (14), Ireland (9) & India (11) in 1872-4].
1872-1874. Quarto (30x24 cm). 28 Beige Stiff Card Album Leaves. 79 mounted albumen photos including 31 larger ones ca. 20,5x27 cm (8 x 10 ½ in) and slightly smaller and 48 smaller ones ca. 8x11 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in). Majority captioned in manuscript pencil on album leaves. Attractive period brown full sheep album with blind stamped frames in gilt, red and black. Extremities and covers rubbed, a couple of images with minor surface damage, but overall a very good album of sharp strong images.
This album of early albumen photographs was most likely compiled by an English crewman of the HMS Crocodile during his various voyages on the ship. The interesting images include: three of HMS Crocodile, nine of Ireland including Cork, Queenstown, Blarney Castle and Killarney, etc.; fourteen of Malta including the Grand Harbour, St. Anne's Square, Palace of the Knights of St. John, etc.; fourteen of the Suez Canal including a plan, Kantara, various points along the canal, a dredge, Ismailia, Port-Said, Moses Well, etc.; eleven of India including Elephanta, Temple of Karlee near Poonah, various Indians in local costume, etc.; twenty-eight of Egypt including Cairo, Pyramids, Sphinx, Mosque of Omar, Rue de la Citadelle and many Egyptians in local costumes.
"HMS Crocodile was a Euphrates-class troopship launched into the Thames from the Blackwall Yard of Money Wigram & Sons on 7 January 1867..., She was built for the transport of troops between the United Kingdom and the Indian sub-continent, and was operated by the Royal Navy. She carried up to 1,200 troops and family on a passage of approximately 70 days" (Wikipedia).

 

24. [EGYPT]
[Album with 192 Original Photographs of Egypt].
Ca. 1910. Oblong Quarto (ca. 21x26 cm). 24 stiff grey card leaves. 192 platinum prints each ca. 7,5x10 cm (3x4 in), mounted under card frames, four to a page. Period green linen album with a decorative ornament vignette embossed in dark green on the front cover. Overall a fine album with very sharp, strong images.
Judging by the album this extensive collection of sharp and interesting images was compiled by a German or Austrian traveller. The album starts with arrival in Alexandria with street scenes, bazaars, mosques and other sights and then moves to Cairo with the Egyptian Museum, more street scenes bazaars mosques and other sights including the zoo, Pyramids and Sphinx. Then it moves to caravans and Bedouin camps. Then the Colossi of Memnon, Luxor and the Valley of the Kings. Then a Nile boat tour and a train tour and finally the Aswan Dam, surrounding villages and the flooding of Temples. An excellent early 20th century Egyptian tourist album with interesting and sharp images of people, places and the main tourist sites.

 

25. [FRASER RIVER GOLD RUSH]
TEN EYCK, Samuel
[Important Autograph Letter Signed from Samuel Ten Eyck to O.B. Throop, giving a Description of Guaymas, Mexico, his Impressions of Mexicans, and Briefly Relating his Experiences During the Fraser River Gold Rush].
Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico: April 27th, 1859. On a folded double quarto leaf. [4] pp. Brown ink on bluish paper. Blind stamp of a papermaker (Rolland Freres, Bordeaux) in the upper left corner. Housed in a later custom made blue quarter morocco clam shell box with gilt lettered spine. Old fold marks, otherwise a near fine letter.
In this letter Samuel Ten Eyck writes to his friend, Origin B. Throop, back home in Schoharie, New York, offering a description of the Mexican port city of Guaymas, Sonora, giving his assessment of Mexican attitudes toward Americans, and describing his experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
Samuel Ten Eyck came from a prominent family in New York's Schoharie County. He left Schoharie in the early 1850s, went to California in search of gold, took part in the Fraser River Gold Rush in British Columbia of 1858-1859, and then arrived in Guaymas, Mexico in the spring of 1859. He apparently went to Sonora in anticipation of that state and the surrounding Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sinaloa being annexed to the United States. The Gadsen Purchase Treaty, ratified in 1854, brought a part of northern Sonora into the United States, and there appears to have been some agitation for the United States to take more territory in the region. Such a thing did not occur, and it is unknown for how long Ten Eyck stayed in Guaymas waiting for it to happen, or where his travels took him next.
The letter begins by Ten Eyck asking Throop to make discreet inquiries to some of his friends as to why they have not corresponded with him. "I suppose you will be astonished to learn I am in this God-forsaken country. I must confess, I am astonished to find myself here, but here I am and what is still more pleasant, have a mighty fine prospect of, as it is termed in California, making my pile. I have been here but a month. On my arrival I found the country all excitement, and a revolution going on in the three states, 'Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa,' they being, I think, the tail end of creation, but they are full of silver mines and in saying that I say all that can be said in their favour. The Mexicans are the most hostile people in the world and think no more of killing an American than of taking a drink and as this is the scene of Walker's exploits and also where the unfortunate H.A. Crabb & followers were massacred, I am obliged to keep a pretty sharp look out. The women, however, are very kind & affectionate, and in case of difficulty invariably give you a warning and find a place of concealment for you. At least I have found it so on two occasions. <..,>
Guaymas, the seaport of Sonora & an old city, contains perhaps eight thousand inhabitants and being an earthquake country the houses are but one story high and mostly built of adoby [sic], which is the building material of mostly all houses in Mexico and on entering one is reminded more of a large brickyard than of a large city. <..,> I would not have come here but that the three states above named will without doubt be annexed to the U.S. - if so your humble servant is all right. I have had five years experience in California and any chance that may offer here I am on hand, in fact the pioneer."
Ten Eyck also briefly describes his experiences in British Columbia during the recent Fraser River Gold Rush: "It is as hot as blazes [in Guaymas]. I feel it more perhaps than others just having come from a northern country, as the year past I have been at Vancouver's Island & British Columbia. You of course heard of the Fraser River excitement. I was almost the first of the many thousands that rushed to that cold country. It did not prove as profitable as was anticipated, still it paid me very well, as I was able after nine months hard work to leave with a five hundred more than I took with me."
In the end Ten Eyck gives his assessment of the qualities of the women he has encountered in Guaymas, "beautiful, full of life and spirit", "very positive to us Americans" etc. A very interesting important letter, with provocative views on Mexico and a bit of information on one American's experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
O.B. Throop was the owner of the only drug store in the county which still exists today as the Schoharie pharmacy, and a Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Albany and Schoharie plank road (1862).

 


26. [HAWAII & CALCUTTA]
MUDGE, Alfred A.
[Journal of a Near Circumnavigation from San Francisco Round the World, via Hawaii, the Maluku Islands, Straits of Sunda, Calcutta and Cape of Good Hope Titled:] Journal Kept on Board Ship Huron, from San Francisco to Calcutta (and Calcutta to Boston), by Alfred Mudge. Thomas Cunningham, Master.
Ca. 400 pages (93 filled in). At Sea, May 18, 1853 - March 4, 1854. Folio (32x21 cm). Lined journal of ca. 400 pages of which 93 have been filled in manuscript in dark brown ink in a very legible hand. Period brown diced half sheep with marbled boards. Extremities rubbed, but overall a very good journal.
Mudge kept a detailed journal of the position, weather, sail handling, events on board, land sighted and ships – including American whalemen – spoken. The Huron left San Francisco on the 18th of May and then arrived in Honolulu after a passage of three weeks, and the crew was surprised to be held in quarantine until they could be inspected for small pox. The captain took umbrage and “we steered off SW by W.” Six weeks later they reached the Maluku Islands in the Halmahera Sea and then steered south towards the Banda and Java Seas. Then seventy-seven days out they spoke a Dutch brig. The captain wished communication and signaled her. However, “our signal halyard parted and the ensign came down. The Dutchman, not knowing what to make of it, braced up his after yard and steered off.” He gives an excellent account, a few days later, of being swarmed by Malaysian trading craft in Sunda Strait: "manned with about a dozen half naked Malays, such hooting when they handle their oars, they have everything to sell and will ask you a good if you see fit to give. The Captain bought about 30 doz. Fowls with yam sweet potatoes, banas (sic) &c also Monkey and mongoes (sic)."And, on August 11, their 85th day out, “One incident I have neglected to mention… we came very near to losing the Captain’s Monkey…” which event he then narrates. They reached Calcutta September 1st, and Mudge writes a ten page port log, as they repaired the ship, discharged ballast, and took on a cargo of gunny bags, linseed, cow hide, jute, hemp, goat skins, and shellac. Then they took on 3700 gallons of water, and “Pigs, Fowl, Duck, Geese, Potatoes, Onions, &c.” They were in Calcutta for seven weeks and then got underweigh for Boston October 20th 1853. They rounded the Cape of Good Hope and then the journal ends March 4, 1854 – 130 days out, most likely the day before they reached Boston judging by the Huron's position.

 

27. [HOLY LAND]
FRIES, Laurent (c.1485-1532) & WALDSEEMUELLER, Martin (1470-1518)
[Map of the Holy Land Titled:] Tabula Nova Terrae Sanctae.
Vienna: G. Treschel, 1541. Woodcut map ca. 24x41,5 cm (9 ½ x 16 ½ in) with the title printed above. Map with large blank margins and original centrefold, some minor worming on outer edges of blank margins, a couple of mild small stains, but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
"This map of the Holy Land is based on the first 'modern' depiction of Palestine by Sanuto-Vesconte in 1320. The area is divided among the Twelve Tribes of Israel. The coast is oriented with east at the top, in a configuration that set the standard for maps of the region for the next 150 years. This edition, published in Vienna by Gaspar Trechsel, is a re-issue of the 1535 edition edited by Michael Servetus, but with the 'heretical' remarks about Palestine on the verso cautiously omitted, and without the banner title. Blank verso" (Old World Auctions); Laor 614.

 

28. [IRAQ COMMAND]
[Two Albums of 275 Original Photographs of Iraq Compiled by William Reynish of the Royal Air Force].
Ca. 1928-1933. 275 mounted gelatin silver prints with 43 larger one ca. 16x21 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in. and the majority of the rest between ca. 9x14,5 cm (3 ½ x 6 in) and 8x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in) with some smaller ones. Most photos captioned in white or black ink on mounts. First album: Oblong folio (25x35 cm) period album with black crocodile skin patterned cloth covers and black card leaves. Dust soiled and extremities rubbed but still a very good album with strong, sharp images. Second album: Oblong quarto (21,5x28 cm) period album with black cloth covers decorated with a white/grey bird and titled snaps, and with brown card leaves. Front joint broken and extremities rubbed but still a very good album with strong, sharp images.
This historically important and extensive collection of interesting photographs includes views of: Baghdad including Lancaster Bridge, Baghdad Bazaar, St. George's Church, "High Street" by day and night, Ur Junction railway, Maude Bridge, Hindiyah Bridge, etc.; Lion of Judia; Bas-Reliefs of Ish-Tar; Bab-El-Stani; Rest House Babylon on the Euphrates; a series showing Sheikh Mahmud and his surrender to Major Willson; Aerial View of Khadimain; Hinaidi RAF Base showing men, buildings (including cemetery) and activities; Vickers Victoria and a series of other aircraft including Westland Wapiti; Boats (Mulhala) on a river; Banks of the Diala River; Banks of the Tigris; a series of Military Vehicles; local inhabitants including a Hubble Bubble Smoker, Sheikh and his falcon, Baghdad barber, fruit sellers and many other portraits and groups in Iraq; a series of images of taken during 'leave up north' including views of Mosul, Kurkuk, Rowandusy Gorge, Kaniquin oil fields, Kurdarrah, and Basrah (several of the Bas-reliefs); with a few views of Malta and Egypt included, taken or compiled by William Reynish, Royal Air Force, with a loosely inserted Royal Life Saving Society certificate issued to him whilst stationed at Malta in 1933, and a photograph of him in Arab headdress with knife, captioned "Bill, Hinaidi, Iraq, Jan. 9, 1931."
"Iraq Command was the RAF commanded inter-service command in charge of British forces in Iraq in the 1920s and early 1930s, during the period of the British Mandate of Mesopotamia..,
Royal Air Force Station Hinaidi was a British Royal Air Force station near Baghdad in the Kingdom of Iraq. It was established as the main British base in Iraq after World War I, initially under British Army command until the Royal Air Force took over in 1922. There were extensive barracks, recreational facilities, a large hospital, Air Headquarters, communication facilities, maintenance units, aeroplane squadron hangars, RAF Armoured Car Company lines and a Civil Cantonment" (Wikipedia).

 

29. [JAPAN]
[Large Folding Map of Japan Titled:] Dai Nihon Koku Zenzu [Complete Map of Japan].
Tokyo: Bureau of Geography, Meiji 16 [1883]. Outline hand coloured copper engraved large folding map ca. 161x150 cm (61 ½ x 59 ½ in). Original beige linen covered boards with original printed paper labels. A couple of minor repaired tears and a couple of minor small stains but overall a very good map.
This large and very detailed map of the Japanese Empire has five inset plans & maps, which include Tokyo, Kyoto, Hakaido, Bonin Islands and the Amami Islands. This is an historically interesting map from the early Meiji era (1868-1912), which was an era in "which Japanese society moved from being an isolated feudal society to its modern form. Fundamental changes affected its social structure, internal politics, economy, military, and foreign relations. The period corresponded with the reign of Emperor Meiji after 1868, and lasted until his death in 1912." (Wikipedia).

 

30. [LADAKH]
TEMPLER, Charles Bertram, Major (1860-1931)
[Album of Twelve Original Watercolours of Ladakh, with a Later Watercolour View of Rochefort, France].
Ca. 1886. Oblong Folio (28x37,5 cm). 5 leaves. Thirteen watercolours mounted on recto and verso of the card album leaves, including eight larger ones, ca. 17,5x25 cm (7x10 in) or slightly smaller, and five smaller ones, ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5x7 in). All watercolours captioned in ink on the lower margins of the album leaves, all but one are signed “CBT” and dated 1886 and 1909 in the lower left or right corners of the drawings. Manuscript title of the album on the first free endpaper “C.B. Templer. Octr. 1928. Exmouth. With sketches dating from 1886.” With a large cabinet portrait photo ca. 20x15,5 cm (7 ¾ x 6 in), captioned “Charles Johann” [?] in the right lower corner, mounted on the front pastedown. Period black half sheep with green pebble-grain cloth boards. Expertly rebacked in style, card mounts slightly age toned, otherwise a very good album.
An album of interesting watercolours of Ladakh (now a part of the Jammu and Kashmir State, India) executed by Major C.B. Templer of the Indian Army, 19th Regiment of Bengal Lancers (Fane’s Horse). He served in India in 1880-1893 and took part in the second Mirazai Expedition of 1891. During his service with the 19th Lancers Templer participated in the horse races and was the first holder of the Indian Grand National Trophy (Some reminiscences of Indian Sport// The Field, The Country Gentleman's Newspaper, Christmas 1922, p. 5). After the end of his career Templer lived in Execliff (Exmouth), actively travelled around Europe and also visited South Africa.
The album includes eleven accomplished watercolours made in Ladakh in 1886, during Templer's time in the Indian Army, including a view of “Leh, capital of Ladakh” with the Leh Palace in the centre and the Ladakh mountain range in the background, a panorama of a “Tartar Camp” near Ladakh with tents made of woolen blankets, portraits of a Buddhist Lama with the prayer wheel, Ladakh shepherd “Bipari, trader in sheep's wool,” and of a woman coolie. Five watercolours depict local animals, with expressive notes by Templer: “Ladakh Transport!! Yak, goat & sheep,” “Spiti Pony. Very hard, never shod!! Feet as hard as iron!!,” “Fighting Cock!,” “Watch dog - Guards the sheep, goats &c., protected by iron collars against Leopards, wolves &c.,” “Kyang – wild horse of Ladakh.” Another drawing shows the grave of Templer’s charger Sweetheart somewhere in the Ladakh hills, with a note: “She was with me for 18 years, was my Charger and won me eleven races!! She was perfection in every way!!” There is also a beautiful view of snow covered peaks of the Himalayas taken from the Narkanda mountain station near Simla. The last watercolour dated 1903 depicts a small bridge & stream at Rochefort, France. Overall a beautiful illustrative account on Ladakh.

 

31. [LIBERIA]
ASHMUN, J[ehudi] (1794-1828)
History of the American Colony in Liberia, from December 1821 to 1823. Compiled from the Authentic Records of the Colony.
Washington: Way & Gideon, 1826. First Edition. Large Octavo. 42 pp. With a large folding map. Handsome period style gilt tooled full sheep with a title label. Housed in a custom made quarter morocco clam-shell box. Map with some expert repairs, otherwise a very good copy.
"In 1821 a site at Cape Mesurado was selected by the American Colonization Society as appropriate for the 'repatriation' of a detachment of freed American slaves, and in 1822 Jehudi Ashmun, a white American, went out at the request of the Society to aid the infant settlement. The first settlers were landed on Providence Island at the mouth of the Mesurado River, but after protracted negotiations with Bassa and Dei headmen they eventually procured the rights to the Du Kor Peninsula on which Monrovia now stands. Ashmun was joined for a while in 1824 by Robert Gurley, who gave the settlement the name Liberia"(Howgego 1800-1850 W23); "Ashmun was an American religious leader and social reformer who became involved in the American Colonization Society. He served as the United States government's agent in the Liberia colony and as such its de facto governor for two different terms: one from August 1822 until April 1823, and another from August 1823 until March 1828.., As United States representative to Liberia as well as agent of the ACS, Ashmun effectively became governor of the colony from 1822 to 1828, from ages 28 to 34. He took a leadership role in what he found to be a demoralized colony and helped build the defenses of Monrovia, as well as building up trade. During his tenure in Liberia, Ashmun increased agricultural production, annexed more tribal land from the natives, and exploited commercial opportunities in the interior.
He helped create a constitution for Liberia that enabled blacks to hold positions in the government. This was unlike what happened in the neighboring British colony of Sierra Leone, which was dominated by whites although founded for the resettlement of free blacks from Britain and Upper Canada. Ashmun's letters home and his book, History of the American Colony in Liberia, 1821–1823 (1826) constitute the earliest written history of the Liberia colony" (Wikipedia); Sabin 2204.

 

32. [MADAGASCAR]
FLACOURT, [Etienne] Sieur de (1607-1660)
Histoire de la Grande Isle de Madagascar [History of the Great Island of Madagascar].
Paris: Jean Henault, 1658. First Edition. Quarto, 3 parts in one volume. [xxiv], 192, [xviii], 193-384, 42 pp. With a total of fifteen engraved plates and maps including two double page illustrated dedication leaves, six maps (two folding and four double page) and seven plates (one folding and five double page). With two period engraved exlibris. Handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf. Rebacked using original spine, one map with expertly repaired tear, one leaf with expert repair of blank margin (stain from previous repair still present), some mild age toning, but overall a very good copy in very original condition.
Very rare and important first edition of the first monograph on Madagascar. The works contains a description of the provinces, rivers and natural history of Madagascar and adjacent islands and the religion, language, customs and government of its inhabitants. Many areas are described for the first time. Flacourt was named governor of Madagascar by the French East India Company from 1648-55. "Flacourt restored order among the French soldiers, who had mutinied, but in his dealings with the natives he was less successful, and their intrigues and attacks kept him in continual harassment during his entire term of office. In 1655 he returned to France. Not long after he was appointed director general of the company; but having again returned to Madagascar, he drowned on his voyage home on the 10th of June 1660.., Flacourt was one of the few, if not the only, Western persons to have recorded knowledge of the elephant birds of Madagascar when they were possibly still extant. Flacourtia, a genus of flowering plants in the willow family, Salicaceae, was named in honor of him" (Wikipedia); "Flacourt re-established the French garrison at Fort Dauphin" (Howgego P168); Grandidier 1776.

 

33. [MAURITIUS]
MILBERT, Jacques Gerard (1766-1840)
Voyage Pittoresque a l'Ile de France, au Cap de Bonne Esperance et a l'Ile de Teneriffe. [Picturesque Voyage to Mauritius, the Cape of Good Hope and the Island of Tenerife].
Paris: Le Normant pour A. Nepveu, 1812. First Edition. Octavo Text 2 vols. & Oblong Folio Atlas. Xiv, 392, [1], [1]; [iii], 390, [1]; [iii]. With 45 copper engraved views, plans and maps, many folding. Text in handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf. Atlas in period blue quarter cloth with pebbled papered boards. Text in near fine condition and atlas mildly rubbed at extremities and a few plates with some mild dust soiling. Overall a very good set.
"Jacques-Gérard Milbert was a French naturalist and artist. In 1800, Milbert embarked on Nicolas Baudin's voyage to Australia. During the voyage, Milbert and several other artists became ill, and the artists and the captain came into conflict. This caused several artists, including Milbert, to leave the voyage at Mauritius, leaving Charles-Alexandre Lesueur to produce the voyage's scientific drawings. Milbert returned to France, where in 1812 he published a series of views of Mauritius, the Cape Colony and Tenerife, titled "Voyage pittoresque à l'Ile de France, au Cap de Bonne Espérence et à l'Ile de Ténériffe"" (Wikipedia). Milbert was invited on the expedition by M. Bory de Vincent. Gay 266; Mendelssohn II, p.13.

 

34. [MOUNTAINEERING - ACONCAGUA]
[De La MOTTE, Edward]
[Typewritten Manuscript Account of the Fifth Ascent of Aconcagua, by British Climber Edward de la Motte and American Mountaineer James Ramsey Ullman, Being also the First American Ascent of Aconcagua, Titled:] Horcones Valley and Aconcagua. February/March 1928.
Ca. 1928. Quarto (ca. 28,5x22 cm). 25 numbered leaves of typewritten text. Occasional period ink corrections in text. Vertical centrefold, first and last leaves with mild creases and traces of old staples removed, otherwise a very good manuscript.
Original typescript of the diary of Edward de la Motte, one of the participants of the fifth ascent of Aconcagua, the highest peak in the Americas, with his manuscript corrections in text. De la Motte’s climbing partner was a famous American mountaineer and writer James Ramsey Ullman (1907-1971), thus the expedition became the first American ascent of Aconcagua. The expedition party included two other members, named in the manuscript “Bromley” and “Mrs.” (a female). De la Motte gives a detailed description of the whole expedition from arrival to Retiro (Buenos Aires) on 25 February to the final arrival to Buenos Aires (on the way back) on 12 March 1828. The manuscript describes the mountaineers’ arrival in Mendoza, preparation and supplying of the expedition, trip to the Uspallata town and Puente del Inca, the long hike up the Horcones Valley, and all proceedings in the high camps on the mountain, including an acclimatization hike to the Buena Vista ridge and the summit day. The entries note the altitudes gained, pulse levels, experienced symptoms of mountain sickness, weight of loads carried, menus and preparations of the meals, frostbites et al. There are also several mentions of previous British expeditions to Aconcagua – by E. Fitzgerald and S. Vines (1897) and by J. Cochrane and M.F. Ryan (1925).
Some entries: “February 27th. Mrs. Togs up a la “complete mountaineer” in heavy boots and breeches, but fearing the populace slips out by a back entrance and gets nearly eaten by a yard full of dogs.” (p. 3).
“March 3rd. Base, night min. 28° 18,000 max. Pulse before starting: Ram 68, me 100. This is being written in Ryan’s tent with a snow storm outside, luckily the tent in perfectly sound, and apart from a little fine driven snow, all is snug inside. There is enough food for a week and between us we have 7 blankets, and eiderdown and a Jaeger sleeping bag. <…> Ram and I are comfortable with our feet tied in rucksacks and are able to laugh at the weather” (pp. 9-10).
“March 4th. Up at 8.30, rising consisting of putting on boots and balaclava and extricating oneself from the sleeping bag – in itself a laborious process and only to be performed with much gasping. This gasping is an altitude effect which neither of us can get over – headaches are things of the past, our appetites are tremendous, but the least exertion such as tightening a rope, leaving or entering the tent, opening a tin of sausages and even eating makes us gasp for breath” (p. 12).
“March 5th. [Summit Day]. Up 5 a.m. <…> Ram wearing his Ventana boots could only get on two pairs of socks – same as myself, so that to avoid frostbite we both tried to keep out toes moving inside our boots as far as possible. <…> Both of us were fairly near the limits of our endurance but the top was in view and at 4.30 we stepped out on the summit, very glad at being finished with the hard work of climbing. Driving snow clouds prevented the view to the South and what was worse, Ram could not find Ryan’s thermometers – the only object visible being an empty beer bottle. The top is of triangular shape with the Northern apex at the highest point. Photos were taken from the West tower which should identify the summit alright, at any rate, so far as Ryan and other climbers are concerned.
Ram got busy with a self timer – which like the meta cooker failed to work, the resulting messing about with which gave Ram four frostbitten fingers (unnoticed until considerably later). An ice axe with E.M. And A.R. Carved on the shaft was left, also a card with our names on was left in a small Yerma tin with one plasmon biscuit (sustenance for the next party that reaches the top)” (pp. 14-15).
James Ramsey Ullman was a noted American writer and mountaineer, official historian of the American Mount Everest Expedition 1963, the author of “The White Tower” (1945), “Banner in the Sky” (1954), “The Age of Mountaineering” (1954), “Tiger of the Snows” (together with Tenzing Norgay, 1955), “Americans on Everest” (1964), and others. Most of Ullman’s papers are now deposited in the Princeton University Library.
“The Andean career of Edward de la Motte apparently began in 1928 with Aconcagua, highest of all Andean peaks, and ended probably in 1946 with Sajama, highest of Bolivian mountains. With the well-known American novelist James Ramsey Ullman (author of the White Tower), he accomplished on 5 March 1928 the fifth ascent of Aconcagua” (Echevarria, E. Early British Ascents in the Andes, 1831-1946 // The Alpine Journal. 1987. Vol. 92. P. 63).

 

35. [NAPOLEON’S INVASION OF RUSSIA]
[Anonymous Period French Manuscript Account of Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia in 1812 Titled:] Campaigne de Russie. Toujour victorieux depuis 19 ans, Napoleon revait la conquete du monde, et les limites de la terre semblaiens trop rapprochee, pour fixer le terme de ses exploits!...
[Ca. 1820-1825]. Folio (ca. 32,5x22 cm). 73, [2] stitched with a string. Brown ink on watermarked lined paper, text in French. Housed in a later laid paper cover with the manuscript title: “Campagne de Russie. Manuscrit anonyme,” inside a recent red quarter morocco folder with gilt lettered title on the spine and a marbled paper slipcase. Paper slightly age toned, with minor soiling and wear on the first and the last pages, but overall a very good manuscript.
Historically important period manuscript of Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia, or Russian Campaign of 1812. The narration begins on May 9, 1812 which marks the departure of the emperor to Königsberg, and ends on February 8, 1813 with the entrance of the Russians in Warsaw. Day by day the account details the main events of the campaign (crossing of the Niemen, capture of Smolensk on August 18, the Battle of Borodino on September 7, taking Moscow, etc.) and life in the French army during the advance towards Moscow. The author describes marches, battles, bivouacs, fire scenes and looting, hunger, heat, and lack of organization. There are also numerous notes that paint a portrait of Napoleon: "Napoleon was 43 years old and enjoyed robust health, he was little, fat, with high shoulders, short neck, big head, Greek profile and ponderous gait; his face was broad and pale, he had straight black hair, tawny gray eyes and thick eyebrows, his teeth were beautiful; his penetrating gaze, his motionless features, he was naturally taciturn, although only two passions painted on his face: anger, which made him momentarily lose reason, and the joy he expressed the contrary, by a very gracious smile; [...] At the beginning of a fight, the first cannon shots were giving to Napoleon an unbridled joy; then he remained impassive: generals, soldiers, fell dead before his eyes, nothing disturbed him." The narrator criticizes the emperor’s harsh judgment he wore on his defeated army, as he himself was "covered with furs, locked in a good car, always sleeping in a good bed and drinking Bordeaux wine with all his meals…"
The entry from the 7th of September described the Battle of Borodino "the bloodiest we have seen since the invention of gunpowder," which resulted in 70 000 killed on both sides, including 40 generals. Then came the invasion of Moscow "against all the rules of art,” where the governor general Fedor Rostopchin allegedly inspired the inhabitants to start the fire the following night. There is a note about frenzied looting during the fire, led by soldiers who had "braved death in the hope of owning Moscow’s wealth and abundance." On the 20th of September the army included 90,000 men and 20,000 wounded or sick, the supplies became scarce because "everything had burned or ravaged." Napoleon turned "from the offensive to the defensive and remained inactive in Moscow for 34 days in the midst of the ashes and disorder", and was forced to order the retreat which began on October 23, after he had decided to burn the Kremlin out of a “senseless revenge.”
Thus begins a detailed account of the retreat, with forced marches, starvation, cold, injuries and diseases, harassment by Russian troops, dropping of the wounded and weapons. The imperial army disintegrates, orders and rumors contradict, completing the disaster. Several pages are devoted to the crossing of the Berezina River, construction of bridges, Russian attacks and the tragic crossing on November 29. "There ended the destiny of this great army, which had made Europe tremble." On December 5 Napoleon left the army for Paris, leaving the command to Murat, who in turn passed it to Prince Eugene on January 16, 1813. The army, which after crossing the Berezina numbered only 8800 fighters, was still halved near Wilno on December 10, facing the army of Tsar Alexander, consisting of 100,000 men.
The manuscript ends with the overview of various bulletins of the campaign, the list of major French commanders, and a table showing the number of different divisions of Napoleon’s army: 647,158 men composed the imperial army in the beginning of the campaign (including Prussian and Austrian troops), and only 10,396 remained upon the retreat from Moscow. As indicated in the note at the end of the manuscript, it is according to the papers found in a carriage of Napoleon "we have feebly sketched the picture where the glory of French arms and misfortunes is so astonishing that posterity will be confused one day with the fabulous stories that have come down to us."

 

36. [NAPOLEONIC WARS]
NOYES, William R.
[Original Manuscript Logbook Titled:] August 14 1803. Journal Kept on a Passage to Antwerp in the Ship Friendship of Newport [Rhode Island], Geor[ge] Shearman [1766-1829] Master.
At sea and in various ports, 1803-1805. Small Quarto (ca. 19x17,5 cm). 132 pages total: 55, [56-126] pp., 9 blank leaves, [6] pp. Brown ink on laid paper, the text is in English, written in a legible hand. Original brown quarter sheep journal with papered boards. Bookseller’s paper label ca. 1930s with typewritten description of the journal attached to the front paste down endpaper. Binding rubbed at extremities, first hinge cracked and repaired with old tape, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good journal.
A historically interesting account of how American merchant vessels trying to maintain trade with Europe were treated during the Napoleonic wars. The "Friendship" left Newport, Rhode Island on Sunday the 14th of August 1803 and on "Mon 24th of Oct we arrived in Antwerp after a passage of 71 days." The manuscript gives a detailed account of the merchant voyage, with the usual entries relating position, weather, sail handling, ships spoken, and events on board (sailors getting sick, dolphins and a shark caught by captain Shearman, northern lights seen et al.). In addition, the “Friendship” found herself embroiled in the Napoleonic Wars. She was repeatedly harassed by English vessels, sometimes posing as Frenchmen in hopes of finding English subjects among the crew. “She then sent her boat on board of us with three officers in it & all of them pretended to be Frenchman & wanted to sea our papers & seaman's protection. They then told us that […?], Amsterdam, Rotterdam & Emden were all blockaded. This ship was the same won that boarded us yesterday. As we suppose they try’d very hard to get some hold of the Friendship crew by questioning them, but could not, so they bid us good night & went on Board” (the entry from 14 September 1803). A couple of weeks later they were fired upon and boarded by another English frigate that “has been out two months & has taken 8 prizes.” They spoke other American ships that had been treated roughly. But the English were after other game. On October 3 they “saw a privateer Brig in chase of a smuggler cutter.” Finally on October 5, they were boarded by an English cutter who told them that Antwerp was not blockaded. So they made for that port with crew and cargo intact.
The journal continues with this level of detail at Antwerp, naming names of crewmen and ships, and adventures ashore – “Many curiosity. Saw a man & woman fight – the man came up 2nd.” They discharged their cargo of coffee and sugar, and took on a cargo of bricks. Then, just before they departed, they heard “the news of Peace between France & Great Britain.” They stopped at Flushing to take on more cargo, then crossed the wintry north Atlantic and worked their way up the east coast of America, with stops at Charleston and Baltimore, finally returning to Newport on Monday June 11th,1804.
At the end of the journal are several pages of accounts by the journal keeper, who signs himself as William R. Noyes, and who was probably the supercargo on the voyage. According to a note from a genealogy, typed and tipped onto the front pastedown, Noyes rose to become captain of the brig “Seraph” in 1829, and in 1831 he was captain of the sloop “Independence” which sailed around the Horn on a fishing expedition to Juan Fernandez. “Among other things he brought home were some pumpkin seeds which are said to have been used on a farm ever since and are of very fine quality.”

 

37. [NIGER RIVER EXPEDITION]
WINTERBOTTOM, Thomas, Rear Admiral (1847-1928) C.B.E.
[Small Archive of Documents Relating to the Naval Career of Rear Admiral Thomas Winterbottom but Focusing on the 1867 Niger River Expedition of H.M.S. Investigator: Including an 18 1/2 page Manuscript Very Content Rich Journal of the Day to Day Events of the Expedition of the H.M.S. Investigator up the Niger from the 27th July to the 14th August 1867; WITH: Winterbottom's Admiralty Commission as Assistant Paymaster Dated 25th November 1868; WITH: Winterbottom's Admiralty Commission as Paymaster-in-Chief Dated 1st October 1903; [WITH: Winterbottom's Envelope and note from the Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood; [WITH: Winterbottom's 1928 Obituary Clipped from a Newspaper.]
Folio manuscript journal (ca. 33 x 21cm) dark brown in on brownish wove paper on five bifoliums for a total of 20 pages written on 18 1/2 rectos and versos. Journal with original folds and toning and minor chips to margins, not affecting text, written in a legible hand and overall in very good condition. Commission folios on vellum and paper completed in manuscript, with original fold marks and the paper one with some minor staining and tears not affecting text, but overall the documents are in very good condition as are the envelope, note and obituary also included in the collection.
"Paymaster Rear-Admiral Thomas Winterbottom.., entered the Navy as a clerk in the 'Sixties, and during his early career saw much war service on the West Coast of Africa. He served through the Niger Expedition of 1867, and was specially promoted [commission included in this archive] to Paymaster for his gallantry. During the Ashanti War of 1873-4 he was serving in H.M.S. Druid, and was present at the bombardment of Elmina and other operations on the Gold Coast, for which he received the Ashanti Medal. The Egyptian war of 1882 found him serving in H.M.S. Thalis, and he secured the Egyptian Medal and the Khedive's Bronze Star. Twelve years later, whilst Fleet Paymaster of H.M.S. Raleigh, the flagship of the West Africa Station, he was present at Bathurst during the landing of the Naval Brigade for the Gambia Expedition. He was promoted to Paymaster-Captain in 1903 (Commission included in this archive), and shortly afterwards retired from the active service. In the Great War he was again actively employed and for his services he was awarded the C.B.E. he was advanced to the rank of Paymaster Rear-Admiral on the retired list" (Obituary).
HMS Investigator was a two gun wooden paddle survey vessel of the Royal Navy, launched in 1861 to carry out expeditions in West Africa. On "28 Jul 1867 under the command of Lieut. A. E. Kay [H.M.S. Investigator] proceeded up the River Niger, with the pinnace Vindictive in tow, to carry wood and to assist with laying out anchors, the Investigator's boats being too small.., The expedition to last for 60 days should provisions last or to return earlier in the event severe sickness attacking the crew.
6 Sep 1867 a report was received by the Commodore in the Bristol, then in the Bights, that the Investigator was aground for 5 days off Mebhanna and that the natives had fired on the vessel killing a krooman and wounding 4 others. Stores and provisions were thrown over-board to get off, the provisions being replaced by the steamer Thomas Bazley : Mr. McLeod, H.M. Consul in the Niger was reported to be sick" (Naval Database).
The journal chronicles the day-to-day events of the H.M.S. Investigator's 1867 voyage up the Niger from the 27th July to the 14th August when they reach Osamari and includes descriptions of the grounding of the Investigator and the many sometimes deadly skirmishes with hostile natives.
Excerpts from the manuscript include:
"July 27th. "Arrived at the mouth of the Nun and anchored for the night, sent Pinnace per signal from 'Espoir' with empty coal bags. Went on board 'Espoir' & reported to Captain Peile , that being battened down, ship straining and leaking, it would be impossible to coal that night."
July 31st. "... Passed the hostile villages Aloberi, Kiamah, & Opotolo which fired just after passing, 6 guns - 10. Passed the hostile villages of Imblamah, a canoe pulling off with wood. 11:45 grounded suddenly on a sand bank, marked on the chart as I thought an island... Two canoes came alongside, one with a goat... The other canoe containing about 15 men making demands for drink... I deemed it advisable to lighten her forward, having 15 tons of coal... Landed coal, about 4 tons... When suddenly a heavy fire of musketry was opened on us, and the ship, the krooman guarding coal attacked and driven into the water, natives swimming after him, severely wounding him on head with some sharp weapon...
...most of my kroowmen having jumped overboard, I hailed the ship to open fire... Having only one man left with me... The krooman who had been attacked floating down the River - Sent Sub-Lieutenant [Mallory] to pick him up, a heavy fire being opened on the boat... I used ten rounds of ammunition to each white man & armed the kroomen with cutlass, pikes, knives & every available weapon...
... Casualties - 1. Kroomen on shore badly wounded... But as they [natives] saw the paddles in motion they kept up heavy fire", my korromen being very frightened, I was obliged to draw my sword on some who would not work under fire... When the natives saw no men on deck they ceased firing. Water rising a little, commenced lightening the ship, & heaving overboard everything heavy... Unfortunately they pitched two more bread pancheons overboard than I intended...
2 August. "... 9.10. Departed this life from wounds Mr Grants - Engineer Steward... 2.20 PM. Committed to the deep the remains of Mr. Grants deceased... Having been up since the ship grounded, over exertion & anxiety produced a feverish attack...the men also beginning to feel the effects of want of rest... "
3 August. "... The ship still aground... Coal getting short, drew fires & blew out boiler, intending to try and dig the sand clear of paddle wheels. Employed heaving overboard private gear, got Bickford's fuze ready for blowing the ship up... I see no possible chance of getting the ship off, as I find less water every day... The natives being reinforced every day... "
"... At about 2 PM heard natives on shore hailing & shewing a white flag, I returned it by shewing a handkerchief, when a Boast with four men came alongside, by means of an interpreter the following intercourse took place. - It appears by their statement that ...when the krooman was left to look after the coal, he strayed as he states 'to go to the rear' but the natives on shore say he went into their plantation...
... The saw either the body of the deceased man or us burying him, and being afraid of the consequences... The hostile villages had sent them a message that if they hurt any white men next year large steamers would come up & take their country - They said they wished for us peace, but in my own belief they were short of ammunition... Frightened of what they had already done... They also said that another steamer had passed up the river a short time back, near this place, & that for a dash, they had dug her out... They would do the same for me, they then wanted me to give a present for their chief, which I did & also a bottle of Brandy, they promised to return..."
4th August. "... Captain beginning to get very weak, also men gradually getting weaker after four days hard work, & exposure I deemed it advisable to give them a little rest. A canoe came alongside with fowls to barter and a present... Mr. Mallory also presented the chief with a new coat... They then left promising to bring 20 men & dig us out, natives coming freely round the ship, the greater part of them being females. 1 PM. Natives came off & commenced digging ship out... I deemed it advisable to send them away for the night & to have an interview with the chief on shore...
...I then informed him that I came to see King Masaba, that I would not hurt him, or any of his people... If he would dig the ship out... To come onboard & see what he would like, for having thrown overboard nearly everything, I was placed in a very strange position... "
5th August. "... Lighted fire, got up steam, kroomen having dug trench deeper... Ship still hard aground... I fear my only chance of getting ship off will be to wait until the River flows, or with the assistance of the steamer 'Thomas Bazley' returning...
... Canoe going to and for with messages from chief concerning what I would give him to get me off & he wanted rum... I would not give a single thing more until the ship was afloat... Received a message requesting to know if I would send one man, as hostage for the 20 he would send, and a guarantee for the present... I immediately send the man, (one krooman John Brown who volunteered), not fearing treachery... Canoe left with cowries (5 bags) and John Brown Krooman (Benin Boy)... Suddenly a heavy crop fire with large guns & musquets was opened on us from the bush... I returned do. With both Howitzer loaded... & rifles... When the shell from the Howitzer burnt among them I heard screams as though some of them had been killed, or wounded, them firing also... Eventually ceasing about 3.30 PM...
I find it almost impossible, my crew being mostly composed of Kroomen, & they having been under fire before, to heave the ship off. I fear very much that John Brown krooman is killed, but being a Benin Boy they may sell him..."
7th August. "... Only 1/2 ton of coal left... Water still falling... 12.12 foremost Howitzer dismounted by recoil... Heavy firing still going on down the river... A canoe was observed pulling for the ship, holding up an umbrella, I shewed a white flag... The man informed me had come from his father, at a place near Onitsha, having heard that a man was aground in the river, & also to enquire the reason of the natives firing on us, that he was going on shore immediately to hold a palaver... I asked him if it were possible to get back my Benin Boy... He said that with the aid of a bottle of rum he might be able to restore the Benin Boy, & sent his canoe with the rum, for that purpose, himself remaining on board... The canoe in a short time returned, bringing back the rum, not having seen anyone... I then gave them food, observed four musquets & several swords in the Boat. About 4:30 they left the ship, being called by the natives on shore & did not return."
9th August. "... This being the 10th day we have been on shore, water having left us... The same who informed us he had come from his father at Onitsha... He had held palaver... Tried to bring off the man they had made prisoner... Is I would give him a tail-coat he would bring off my man... As the man was taken prisoner as an hostage, not in a fight, I would not..."
10th August. "... Kroomen over side digging away sand... Ship slightly started, draught of water about from 6ft to 10ft, forward 3 feet 8 inches... Weather threatening & at noon commenced to rain. 1.45 sent kroomen to dig away sand, heaving in on cables... 2. ship floated, opening on starboard cable... Got up steam, clearing pinnace & stowing chain ... Sent pinnace for the coals that were landed before reaching shore, a fire was opened on her & ship... Returned do. With rifles, but ship swinging stern on the guns would not bear, most of the kroomen jumped overboard from boat but pinnace got alongside, mostly by the aid of the gunner's mate... Went in gig & brought off canoe, natives deserting her as I approached..."
11th August. "... Proceeded towards hostile villages with white flag at fore. 11.20 anchored off ditto & informed them that if they did not deliver up my man, I would open fire in them. White flag responded to by villages on shore... 2 PM. Natives took man over to the opposite shore, abreast the ship, in an unarmed boat, send boat to communicate with do. But boat having waited over half an hour, & kroomen not coming towards the gig & finding they would not give up the man, & not being the least alarmed about his safety, weighed & steamed up river, it being my intention to recover him by force, on my return down the river..."
12th August. "... 6.15 Weighed, proceeded slowly up the river, soundings very irregular, numerous sand spits not shown in chart... 10. Touched ground, backed astern, sent gig to sound a canoe... 10.40 Allowed a canoe with pilot Jack flying, pilot came alongside, hoisted his canoe up... He knew very little about river... 12.50 Stopped & anchored off Ebo. 1.20 Chief from Ohaghi[?] visited the ship, gave him a dash... Informed him that I had come to visit chiefs & also that I wanted wood, which I would pay for, he swent the canoe for ditto. 3. The chief of Ebo & his wife came on board, presented him with gifts which seemed to please him very much... The next day both chiefs still remaining on board, their great desire being to get rum, I gave them as much as I thought proper. 5. Chief of Odaghi's canoe came off with a little wood, promising more in the morning & wishing to be paid for what he already brought off. I gave him 1 bag of cowries =25/. The chief of Ebo presented me with a Bullock providing I came on shore, the first thing in the morning, to shoot it.
14th August. "... Anchored off Osamari... 9.30 Chief came off, presented him with Government Present... 2 PM. Passing Oki village... 4.10 anchored at Onitsha, laid out warps to steamer Thomas Bazley to keep ship from swinging into the eddy... At Mission House the Bishop kindly offered his services to go with us. Presented chief with his present... Heard from Mr. Jervis, that the steamer Thomas Bazley had been on shore... For 9 days, but natives were friendly, she also grounded on the same spit that I had been on shore on,, but being a powerful steamer, backed off, they also informed me that the river being so low, the charts could not be relied on..,"

 

38. [PANAMA CANAL CONSTRUCTION & KINGSTON EARTHQUAKE]
[Album of Thirty-one Original Photographs Showing a trip by a Group of Chicago Businessmen Touring Panama at the time of the Construction of the Panama Canal and also Puerto Rico, Cuba and Kingston, Jamaica at the time of the Earthquake There].
1907. Oblong Folio (28,5x40 cm). 25 black heavy card stock leaves. The album contains twenty mounted large platinum prints each ca. 18,5x24 cm (7 ½ x 9 ½ in) and eleven mounted smaller gelatin silver prints each ca. 11x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) or slightly smaller. All images captioned in white manuscript on mounts. Original black pebbled cloth album by The Heinn Co. Cover with some staining but overall still a very good album with strong and sharp images.
This album which documents the construction of the Panama Canal and the 1907 Kingston Earthquake includes images of: Chicago Party (of business men); Landing Place (La Marina) San Juan, P.R. " waiting for more carriages;" Casa Blanca, P.R.; Old City Wall, gate and watchtower at San Juan P.R.; Group at Panama R.R. Station; Native Huts, Panama; A very small part of old French machinery at Empire, Canal Zone; Steam Shovel at Gatun, Canal Zone; View from Ancon, Panama, showing reservoir and Hotel Tivoli; Part of Culebra Cut; Part Old Spanish Cemetery, Panama. "no pay no stay;" Ruins of oldest church in Panama; Avenue of Royal Palms near Rio Cobre Hotel, Spanish Town, Jamaica; Street Scene in Kingston, Jamaica, showing effect of earthquake (1907); Harbour, Santiago, Cuba; The Morro, Santiago, Cuba; Scene in Guantanamo Harbour, Cuba; Drawbridge at Cabanas, Havana; Laurel Ditch, Cabanas, Havana, Cuba; Sunset, close of the last day of the trip; Disembarking into boats; U.S. Warships at Guantanamo; Public Square, San Juan; After the earthquake; Tivoli Hotel, Ancon, C.Z.; Kingston inhabitants; Empire, C.Z.; Culebra Cut, March 2, 1907; Kingston Kids; Morro Castle, Havana; Sunset.
The U.S. formally took control of the canal property on May 4, 1904, but construction of the Panama Canal would take another 10 years before completion.
"The 1907 Kingston earthquake which shook the capital of the island of Jamaica with a magnitude of 6.5.., was considered by many writers of that time one of the world's deadliest earthquakes recorded in history" (Wikipedia).

 

39. [RED BARON]
[RICHTHOFEN, Manfred von] (1892-1918)
[Album with 20 Original Photographs, Titled on the Front Cover:] Manfred von Richthofen (1892-1918). Photo Album.
Ca. 1916 - early 1918. Oblong Folio (ca. 24,5x32 cm), 7 card leaves. 20 mounted gelatin silver prints of various size, including two large aerial panoramas ca. 15,5x27,5 cm (6 ¼ x 10 ¾ in) or slightly smaller, and nine large photos ca. 12,5x16,5 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in), the rest of images are ca. 9x13 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¼ in) and smaller. Three images numbered in negative. Handsome recent red full morocco album with gilt tooled decorative frame (with the Iron Cross) and title on the front board, and blind stamped decorative border on the rear border; white moiré endpapers. Two panoramas consist of two parts neatly stuck together, several images with minor silvering, but overall a near fine album.
Rare collection of original photographs dedicated to the German Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) during World War I, including some of the last portraits of Manfred von Richthofen. The album opens with two views of Heidelberg and six aerial views of an airfield and a hangar constructed near a West European city, apparently one of the German airbases at the time, in Belgium or France. The photos include two large two-part panoramas and show the aircraft hangar, a small plane on the landing strip, surrounding infrastructure (service buildings, a railway leading to the hangar), and a small European city within medieval star like defensive walls. A series of six photos portray an inspection of a German air force base by the German High Command headed by Paul von Hindenburg, Germany’s Chief of General Staff since 1916. There is also a picture of the German mechanics servicing a biplane fighter which is decorated with the iron crosses painted on the tail and wings (late insignia with a simple rectangular cross which was used in March/April – November 1918).
The album closes with three important photograph portraits of several of Germany’s top pilots gathered for the flying contest at the Adlershof aviation testing center outside Berlin in mid-January 1918. The photos depict exactly the same moment as the “Richthofen Film” (part 2) made by A.F.G. Fokker in 1918 (see the original video at Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive online, http://www.ushmm.org/online/film/display/detail.php?file_num=3353; copyright by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum). The first photo shows famous German ace Manfred von Richthofen or “Red Baron” (1892-1918; the top ace of the war, credited with 80 air combat victories) talking to Hans Klein (1891-1944), a German fighter ace credited with 22 aerial victories, awarded with the Iron Cross and the Pour le Merite order, or “Blue Max” in October 1917. The second photo portrays Adolf von Tutscheck (1891-1918), Commander of Jagdgeschwader 2 since February 1918, awarded with the Blue Max in August 1917. On the photo he is shown in a flight hat and wearing his Blue Max.
The third photo is a group portrait of six of German fighter pilots (from left to right): Lt. Erich Löwenhardt (1897-1918; the third highest German flying ace with 54 victories, awarded with the Blue Max in May 1918); Oberlt. Bruno Loerzer (1891-1960; commander of Jasta 26, later of Jasta III, the third of the German famous “flying circuses,” awarded with the Blue Max in February 1918); Manfred von Richthofen, Lt. Kurt Schwarzenberger (chief test pilot for the experimental fighter division of Idflieg); Hans Klein; Albert Mühlig-Hofmann (1886-1980, commander of the Field Equipment Service of Idflieg). Note that Hans Klein is shown wearing his Blue Max and still possesses his right index finger (shot off in combat on 19 February 1918). These portraits are one of the last depictions of Adolf von Tutscheck (killed in action on March 15, 1918), Manfred von Richthofen (killed in action on April 21, 1918), and Erich Löwenhardt (killed in action on August 10, 1918).
Overall a very interesting historically significant photograph collection.

 

40. [SEA OF OKHOTSK]
[Unique Collection of 23 Original Photographs Documenting the Investigation of the Wreck of the Russian Coast Guard Ship Kreiserok in the Vicinity of Cape Soya, Northwestern Hokkaido].
Ca. 1889. One photograph ca. 16,5x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in), eighteen photographs, ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and four smaller photographic portraits of the Kreiser’s crew, ca. 11x8 cm (4 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) mounted on card leaves of different sizes. The majority of photographs with pencil captions in Danish on the lower margins of the mounts. Minor foxing of the mounts and mounts a bit warped, but overall a very good collection.
This important photographic collection documents the search expedition of the Russian Navy to the northwestern Hokkaido in November 1889 - January 1890. The purpose was to investigate the fate of the shipwreck of the Russian coast guard schooner Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") which was in service on the coast of Tyuleniy Island (in the Sea of Okhotsk, 19 km to the south of Cape Patience (Mys Terpeniya), on the eastern Sakhalin coast) protecting against poachers and disappeared in a storm on the 26th of October, 1889.
The wreck of Kreiserok was discovered by Japanese on the shore next to village Wakkanai, in the vicinity of Cape Soya, the northernmost point of Hokkaido, 43 km away across the Laperouse Strait from Sakhalin Island. The Russian consulate informed the Pacific Squadron of the Russian Navy which wintered in Nagasaki, and the Squadron Commander rear admiral Vladimir Schmidt sent the investigation expedition on clipper Kreiser ("Cruiser") to ascertain whether the wreck was indeed the Kreiserok.
The expedition under the leadership of renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor Alexander von Bunge (1851-1930) included Lt. V.N. Bukharin and other Russian mariners, as well as Japanese officials and translators. The party reached the place of the wreck with great difficulties because of heavy snowfalls and strong winds. They examined what left of the schooner - a part of stern with steering wheel and the right side with both masts. Two ship’s boats, the flag and the board with the ship’s name were discovered, as well as a body of a sailor (Fedor Ivanov). None of the crew members was rescued, obviously there were no survivors. The cause of the disaster wasn’t determined, but it was assumed that the ship wrecked because of the ice formation on Kreiserok’s hull and rigging during strong storm, winds and low temperatures.
This photograph collection, assembled by the Danish member of Kreiser’s crew, Lt. C.M.T. Cold (who also captioned most of the images), includes eleven images of the Kreiserok wreck on shore with all parts of the schooner's remains clearly visible. Five images show the surrounding coast and a Japanese settlement, covered with deep snow. The majority of the pictures from the wreckage also show the expedition members, with Alexander Bunge present on five pictures, and possibly V. Bukharin and Lt. Cold present at least on six pictures; several pictures show the Japanese members, and two images are group portraits of all expedition members. Five pictures are dedicated to the clipper Kreiser including four portraits of its crew members, and a view of Kreiser in the harbour of Nagasaki, the latter was reproduced in: Krestianinov, V.I. Cruisers of the Russian Imperial Navy, 1856-1917. Part 1. SPb., 2003 (Крестьянинов, В.Я. Крейсера Российского Императорского флота, 1856-1917. Ч. I. СПб, 2003).
The monument erected in 1897 in Vladivostok in memory of Kreiserok and its crew became the first monument of Vladivostok and the first official memorial on the Pacific to Russian naval mariners who perished on duty.
Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") was a coast guard schooner of the Russian Imperial Navy. Tonnage 15 t., length 24 m., width 8 m., draught 2.13 m. Built in 1884 in Seattle, before 1886 - American schooner "Henrietta." In 1886 it was confiscated by the Russian clipper "Kreiser" for poaching in the Russian waters of the Bering Sea. In 1887 under command of lieutenant Tsvangman it carried out hydrographical survey of the Amur estuary. On the 14th of May 1888 it was renamed after the clipper "Kreiser" and became a coast guard vessel of the Tyuleniy Island (the Sea of Okhotsk). In October 1889 during its service on the island’s coast it captured American poaching schooner Rose and prepared to escort it to Vladivostok, but instead wrecked in a storm with the entire crew perishing. A cape and a bay in the Possiet Gulf (Peter the Great Gulf of the Sea of Japan) were named after it.
Alexander von Bunge was a renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor of medicine and zoologist, a son of famous botanist Alexander von Bunge (1803-1890). He participated in the expeditions to the mouth of the River Lena (1882-84), Yenisey River (1892-95), Spitsbergen (1900) et al; he headed the expedition to the New Siberian Islands (1885-86). Von Bunge’s meteorological observations were used by F. Nansen during his famous Fram expedition. An island in the Arctic Ocean (Bunge Land), a peninsula on the Russky Island (Nordenskiöld Archipelago), glaciers on Spitsbergen and Novaya Zemlya, and a mountain on Spitsbergen were named after him.

 


41. [SENEGAL]
BERENGER-FERAUD, Laurent Jean Baptiste (1832 -1900) & POQUET, A. (Artist)
[Album of Seventeen Original Watercolours Titled:] Vues et types du Sénégal [Views and Types of Senegal].
1873. Large Quarto (31x21 cm). 14 pp. The seventeen captioned (in French) watercolours each between ca. 9,5x21 cm and 16x9 cm are mounted on thirteen pages. Booklet with original beige paper wrappers with manuscript French title in red and the name of Berenger Feraud in ink crossed out in pencil on front cover with a list of illustrations and the name of the artist A. Poquet (Del.) 1873 in ink on verso. Rear cover creased and with small tears and a small hole in the last watercolour mounted on recto of rear cover.
In 1872-3 Bérenger-Féraud was Director of Health Services in Senegal, and most of these attractive watercolours must have made by the accompanying artist Poquet on Bérenger-Féraud's Senegal River expedition to inspect the medical facilities at the various French outposts along the River. The subjects of the watercolours include: View of the town of Dagana; View of the town of Richard-Toll; View of Fort Bakel; Moorish Princess, Emirate of Trarza; Moorish Goldsmith, Emirate of Trarza; Mandingo Costume; Bambara Man; Bambara Woman; Fula Woman; Mandingo Woman; Young Darmanko Moor; Wolof woman carrying her child; Ronier Palm; Second dam above Felou Falls; Mountains of Maka Gnian; View of Koundian, Mali; View of Dabou Outpost, Ivory Coast. In 1879, Bérenger-Féraud published "Les peuplades de la Sénégambie. Histoire. Ethnographie. Moeurs et coutumes. Légendes, etc. (Paris: Ernest Leroux)." In that work he announced the preparation of a book on Senegal, which was never published. Most likely the paintings in this present booklet had been prepared by Poquet for the publication of that unpublished book on Senegal.

 

42. [SINO-JAPANESE WAR]
TYLER, William Ferdinand
[Copy Letters and Despatches made During the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, by W.F. Tyler, Gunnery Officer, to General Constantin von Hanneken, Chinese Commander and Troop General of Coastal Defence at Tiensin].
Chefoo (Yantai), 23rd Feb. 1895. 101 pages (recto only) in black ink in a legible hand on lined beige wove paper. From the Library of Admiral Jellicoe, inscribed in ink on a paper label on the front cover “Mr. Taylor [sic] and Englishman fought in Chinese Man of War China Japan War 1894-95.” Also on the front free endpaper “Letters & Despatches of Mr Tyler an Englishman now in Chinese Customs Service who fought in the Ting Yuen as Gunnery Officer during China Japanese War /94-95”. Period maroon quarter sheep lined note book with marbled boards and a paper manuscript label on front cover. Head and tail of spine chipped, extremities with mild rubbing, otherwise the note book is in very good condition.
Historically important first hand account of key events during the First Sino-Japanese War (1 August 1894 – 17 April 1895) fought between the Qing Empire of China and the Empire of Japan, primarily over control of Korea.
The journal begins at “Chefoo 23rd Feb. 1895. Dear General von Hanneken - In accordance with the instructions contained in your telegram of this morning, I now write you a summary of events in Waihai wei, as I saw them, from the time of the landing of the Japanese at Yung Ching Bay. It will be simplest to write it in the form of a diary.”
The Battle of Weihaiwei took place between the 20th January and the 12th February 1895 and this account continues with the aftermath and ends on the 26th of February. Tyler gives a detailed account of the events leading to the defeat of the Chinese Fleet by the Japanese, and includes details of mutiny and lack of leadership, and the suicide of Admiral Ding. Also, he gives details of how Vice-Admiral John McClure, Commander of the Beiyang Squadron, surrendered on behalf of Admiral Ding to the Japanese on the 12th February .
Tyler continues with “An account of the torpedoing of the “Ting Yuen” on the 5th [Feb] 1895 & some notes on torpedo gathered from my experiences in the Chinese War," including details of extraordinary procedures in the hospitals without anesthetics amid the chaos of the battle and defects of the ships and armaments.
Tyler later wrote a book about his time in China “Pulling Strings in China,” London, 1929, in which he recounts these events in the chapter “The Siege of Weihaiwei”, and in the earlier chapter “The Battle of Yalu”.
General Constantin von Hanneken was the chief foreign military advisor to the Beiyang Squadron. Von Hanneken was a Prussian fortifications engineer who had built the defenses at Port Arthur and Weihaiwei. He was a trusted advisor to the Guangxu Emperor who had asked Von Hanneken directly what had caused the defeat and thus most likely this journal was part of the intelligence Von Hanneken used for his report to the Emperor.
Weihaiwei Port was the base for the Beiyang Fleet during the Qing Dynasty. In 1895, the Japanese captured it in the Battle of Weihaiwei, the last major battle of the First Sino-Japanese War. The Japanese then evacuated Weihaiwei in 1898 which was then taken over by the British from 1898 until 1930. A Royal Navy base was built on Liugong Island. Finally, Weihaiwei became a special administrative region after it was returned to the Republic of China in 1930.
"Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe (1859-1935) was a Royal Navy officer. He fought in the Anglo-Egyptian War and the Boxer Rebellion and commanded the Grand Fleet at the Battle of Jutland in May 1916 during World War I.., The First Sino-Japanese War (1 August 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between the Qing Empire of China and the Empire of Japan, primarily over control of Korea. After more than six months of unbroken successes by Japanese land and naval forces and the loss of the Chinese port of Weihaiwei, the Qing government sued for peace in February 1895" (Wikipedia).

 

43. [SOUTH AMERICA]
HONDIUS, Joducus (1563-1612) & MERCATOR, Gerardus (1512-1594)
[Map of South America Titled:] Americae Meridionalis.
Amsterdam, ca. 1620. Copper engraved original hand coloured map ca. 35,5x49 cm (14 x 19 ½ in). Original centrefold, Latin text on verso. Light age toning, otherwise a very good map with ample margins.
A very attractively hand coloured decorative map which includes vignettes of ships, sea monsters and indigenous people and an inset view of Cuzco the Inca capital. The Strait of Magellan is bordered in the South by Tierra Del Fuego, shown here as a part of a large southern continent and Eastern Brazil is shown as an island.
Jodocus Hondius "was a Dutch engraver, and cartographer. He is best known for his early maps of the New World and Europe, for re-establishing the reputation of the work of Gerard Mercator, and for his portraits of Francis Drake. He helped establish Amsterdam as the center of cartography in Europe in the 17th century" (Wikipedia). Koeman I, 9800:1A; Tooley's Mapmakers E-J p.364-5.

 

44. [TIBET]
FILCHNER, Wilhelm (1877-1957)
[A Collection of Seven Original Ink Drawings (Three initialed "C.A.") Used as Illustrations in Wilhelm Filchner's Book " Das Kloster Kumbum in Tibet. Ein Beitrag zu Seiner Geschichte (The Monastery Kumbum in Tibet. A Contribution to its History)" Berlin: Mittler & Sohn 1906].
Ca. 1905. Seven ink drawings on thick paper ca. 27x23 cm (11x9 in) and slightly smaller. The original ink drawings are recently matted together with the corresponding printed text illustration leaves from the book. Housed in a custom made black cloth portfolio with a printed paper title page label and silk ties. One drawing with an expertly repaired corner chip, but overall the ink drawings are in very good condition.
This historically important collection of ink drawings show 1. A Tibetan Rosary (p.47); 2. Lama d Ge ss Long with yellow hat and cloak etc. (p.48); 3. A travelling lama (p.63); 4. Illustration of an Indian legend (p.85); 5. A prayer drum partially made with human skull parts (p. 103); 6. A water-powered prayer wheel (p.104); 7. Tibetan cairn with prayer flags on mountain top (p.128). The illustrations are supplemented with the matted title page and map of the monastery from the book. The preface states that the ink drawings were created by an artist under Filchner's direction based on photographs made by Filchner. The purpose of Filchner's 1903-5 "expedition to Tibet [was] to carry out geomagnetic and topographical surveys on the high plateau. In addition to its scientific work the expedition carried out a significant intelligence-gathering role and was contemporaneous with similar missions by Francis Younghusband and others" (Howgego, 1850-1940 Polar Regions etc., F6). "Kumbum Monastery is a Buddhist monastery in present day Qinghai, China. Kumbum was founded in 1583 in a narrow valley close to the village of Lusar in the Tibetan cultural region of Amdo. Its superior monastery is Drepung Monastery, immediately to the west of Lhasa. It was ranked in importance as second only to Lhasa" (Wikipedia).

 

45. [VENEZUELAN OIL EXPLORATION]
[Album with 210 Original Photographs Compiled by an American Oil Exploration Engineer Showing the Indigenous People of Carrasquero, Venezuela and the Nearby Engineers' camp and Oil Wells, also the Towns of Macuto and La Guaira, Venezuela, Curacao and its Royal Dutch Shell Refinery and Puerto Rico].
Ca. 1920. Quarto (26,5x21 cm). 48 leaves (black card stock). With 210 original photographs ranging in size from 8x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in) to 7,5x9,5 cm (3x4 in), All mounted with corners, many with pencil captions on verso. Period black patterned half cloth with patterned paper boards "Ardak Album." A few album leaves with minor chips, covers of album with mild rubbing, but overall a very good album with sharp images.
This is an historically interesting photo album documents the early exploration and development of the oil industry in Venezuela, which today is the country with the largest proven oil reserves in the world. "Despite the knowledge of the existence of oil reserves in Venezuela for centuries, the first oil wells of significance were not drilled until the early 1910s.., On 15 April 1914, upon the completion of the Zumaque-I (now called MG-I) oil well, the first Venezuelan oilfield of importance, Mene Grande, was discovered by Caribbean Petroleum (later acquired by Royal Dutch Shell)in the Maracaibo Basin. This major discovery encouraged a massive wave of foreign oil companies to "invade" Venezuela in an attempt to get a piece of the action" (Wikipedia).
The strong images in this album include: about forty images of Venezuelan indigenous peoples; about sixty images of the engineers getting to and setting up camp at Carrasquero (Maracaibo Basin), Venezuela; about ten images of the nearby oil wells; about forty images of Curacao and its Royal Dutch Shell refinery; about thirty images of Macuto and La Guaira, Venezuala; about twenty-five images of Puerto Rico.

 

46. [VIETNAM]
AUBARET, M. [Louis Gabriel Galdéric] (1825-1894)
Vocabulaire Français-Annamite Et Annamite-Français, Précédé d'un Traité des Particules Annamites Rédigé par les Soins de M. Aubaret Lieutenant de Vaisseau. Imprimé par Ordre de M. Le Vice-Amiral Charner Commandant en Chef des Forces Navales. [Vocabulary French to Annamite and Annamite to French.., Printed by order of Vice Admiral Charner, Commander of the Naval Forces].
Bangkok: Imprimerie de la Mission Catholique, 1861. First Edition. Large Octavo. [4], xcv, [1], 96, [2], 157 pp. 20th century black period style gilt titled quarter morocco with marbled boards. A fine copy.
Important first edition of the first bilingual Vietnamese grammar and dictionary in a western language. Louis Gabriel Aubaret (1825-94) commanded the French vessel Prégent on the French expedition to Cochinchina in 1860. He was interested in the language, culture and history of the Annamite. He was the interpreter and political adviser to Admiral Bonardet, and as such was one of the main people involved in Treaty of Saigon in 1862. He also authored several works on Vietnam including the present French-Annamite grammar and dictionary (apparently printed in 200 copies), a history of Gia Dinh Province and the laws and regulations of the Kingdom of Annam. He also organized the Annamite embassy to Paris in 1862-1863, and was the first French consul at Bangkok and ran a diplomatic mission in Hue, the capital of Laos. Cordier Indosinica 774; lagglorieuse.info.

 

47. [VIETNAM]
CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of Saigon and Environs].
1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; six larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with cloth sides. Watercolours mounted laid paper leaves. Album overall in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a skilful amateur artist, a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.

 

48. [WEST INDIES - FRENCH TRADE]
[Manuscript Journal in English Titled:] An Arrêt for Establishing a Council of Commerce, Paris, [29th June] 1700.
Ca. 1700. [ii], 11, 196 pp. Manuscript journal written in a neat and easily legible cursive script in brown ink on laid paper, with the ownership inscription "Sam Browns - 1735." Handsome period dark brown elaborately gilt tooled panelled full calf with gilt title label. Rebacked in period style, some very minor foxing but overall in very good condition.
This English translation of the 1700 Paris Arrêt of the King's Council of State for Establishing a Council of Commerce, contains petitions and reports presented by the deputies of the Council of Trade in France to the Royal Council. This manuscript almost certainly pre-dates the printed bilingual version in French and English which was published in Paris in 1701. The main articles contained include: "A memorial concerning the Guinea Company, the commerce of the French colonies in America, the present state of the islands, which the French possess there, & the means of preserving & extending their trade in those parts; with remarks upon the restraining some branches of commerce to certain ports & upon exclusive companies, as also on farms certain commodities, particularly the farms of tobacco and sugar" (this article describes the French colonies in the West Indies including French Guiana, Grenada, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint-Kitts, Saint Croix, Dominican Republic, Dominica, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint Martin with details on their size, number of colonists, slaves, conditions of the soil and main settlements and crops also being given). Another article describes French commerce with the Levant and why Marseilles "alone has the privilege of trading thither." Other articles describe how French trade can be restored with Spain and the Northern Countries. While one other important issue discussed is the "scarcity of gold & silver bullion, & the exportation of coin out of the kingdom." France's King Louis XIV of France wanted to restore, improve and expand trade after the Nine Years' War had been concluded with the Treaty of Ryswick and so this Arret represents a comprehensive study of the state of French trade and how these goals could be accomplished.

 

49. [WORLD MAP]
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[World Map Titled:] Altera Generalis Tab. Secundum Ptol.
Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x34,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important map world map by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. "This woodcut, Ptolemaic world map is surrounded by clouds and eleven wind heads (with their names shown in the banners). The continents are oddly shaped and all connected by a great southern continent Terra incognito secundum Ptolemaeum. There is a very large Taprobana (modern day Sri Lanka) in the Indian Ocean, and the Indian subcontinent is severely truncated. Only the northern part of Africa is shown with the Nile originating from a series of lakes in a large mountain range." (Old World Auctions); (Shirley 76).

 

50. [WORLD MAP]
PLANCIUS, Petrus (1552-1622)
[World Map Titled:] Orbis Terrarum Typus de Integro Multis in Locis Emendatus.
Amsterdam: B. van Deutecum, ca. 1604. Second State with the Addition of "Magallanica". Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 28,5x51 cm (11 ½ x 20 in). Repair to split in lower left part of map with a piece of blank margin expertly repaired with old paper. Right side remargined with old paper and with lower part of printed border expertly replaced in manuscript. A strong impression and overall still a very good copy of this rare map.
This attractive and very rare world map in two hemispheres is from a Dutch bible from 1604. First published in 1590, here in its second state from a Dutch bible; with "Magellanica" at bottom. Plancius "Was one of the first to appreciate the significance of earlier Portuguese charts and in 1602 was appointed official cartographer to the Dutch East India Company. Most of the maps prepared by Plancius are uncommon, if not rare, as they were not reprinted in standard atlas form. One of his earliest productions is this world map in double hemispherical form after Rumold Mercator's world map of 1587. It incorporates the improvements found on the post-1587 world map of Ortelius including a re-shaped South America and the insertion of the Solomon Isles. Plancius has introduced yet further changes on his own, based on the latest Portuguese information regarding the far west coast of America and the west coast of Asia. Japan is shown for the first time (not entirely correctly) as one small and three larger islands" (Shirley 177). The map "is beautifully engraved in a strapwork surround with a compass rose and armillary sphere tucked between the hemispheres. This example is the very rare second state from a Dutch Bible. Engraved by Baptista Doeticum, with Dutch text on verso" (Old World Auction).

 






 
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