January 2018 Travel Photograph
Albums & Collections Part 1

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January 2018 - Travel Photograph Albums & Collections.
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[BUCHAN-HEPBURN OF SMEATON, Sir Archibald Banister] (1852-1929); [MCDOUALL, Nigel Douglas] (1872-1942)
[Unique Album with Sixty Stunning Watercolours, Seventy-Seven Original Gelatin Silver Photographs, and Five Pencil Drawings, Documenting Two Botanical Expeditions to Africa – The East African Rift Valley (1909) and the Highlands of Central Angola (1904), with Beautiful Views of the Rwenzori Mountains, Volcanoes of the Virunga Mountain Chain, Lake Edward, Lake Mutanda, Lake Mwuleru, Native People and Plants, and Others; With: Fifteen Large Watercolour Views of the Mediterranean, Likely Spain, at Rear].

1904-1909. Large Oblong Folio ca. 38x46 cm (15x18 in) with 50 brown leaves. Sixty watercolours of various size, including over 30 large ones ca. 25x34 cm (9 ¾ x 13 ½ in), the rest are smaller, from ca. 17,5x24,5 cm (7 x 9 ½ in) to ca. 9x8,5 cm (3 ¾ x 3 ½ in); seventy-seven gelatin silver prints ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in), and five drawings (three ca. 12,5x20,5 cm/5x8 in and two ca. 10x8 cm/4 x 3 ¼ in). The vast majority of the images captioned and dated with period manuscript white ink on the mounts. Period inscription in white ink on the inner side of the front cover: “Uganda Protectorate and Congo State.” With fifteen uncaptioned watercolours of the Mediterranean mounted at rear, all but two are ca. 24,5x34,5 cm (9 ¾ x 13 ½ in); two watercolours are ca. 12x19 cm (7 ¾ x 4 ¾ in). Period dark brown half sheep album with cloth boards. Album rubbed on extremities, spine with a minor crack on the front hinge, several photos mildly faded, one photo and one watercolour have been previously removed from the album, one watercolour detached, but present; overall a very good album.
Impressive collection of beautiful large watercolours and original photos from two expeditions to the lesser travelled regions of Africa - the East African Rift Valley and the highlands of central Angola. The album is from the estate of Sir Archibald Buchan-Hepburn, a member of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh since 1894 and its president in 1912-1913. The watercolours and photos were made either by him or by his nephew Douglas McDouall who is present on two photos, posing with the native people from the area near Lake Mutanda (modern-day Uganda). An avid botanist and the owner of the famous Logan Garden in the Rhines of Galloway, Scotland (a part of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh since 1949), Douglas McDouall, together with his elder brother Kenneth (1870-1945), significantly transformed the garden introducing many exotic plants from the southern hemisphere, mostly South Africa, New Zealand, Tasmania, and Chile. The plants were purchased by the brothers from plant hunters and collected during numerous travels. Apparently, this album documents two of such plant hunting trips of Douglas McDouall – to the East African Rift and Angola. Some of his watercolours illustrating “the flora of Mount Ruwenzori and neighbourhood” were exhibited by Sir Archibald Buchan-Hepburn in the Botanical Society of Edinburgh in November 1909 (Proceedings of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh. Session LXXIV. November 11, 1909, p. Xxiii).
The first part of the album illustrates the expedition to the Western (or Albertine) Rift Valley of the East African Rift System, when the travellers visited the Ruwenzori Mountains, Lake Edward, Lake Ruisamba (George), Kazinga Channel and nearby rivers and lakes, the highlands of Ankole, the chain of Virunga (Mufumbiro) volcanoes, Lake Mutanda and Lake Mwuleru, thus going through the territories of the Uganda Protectorate (Uganda), Congo Free State (Democratic Republic of the Congo), and the northwestern corner of the German East Africa (Rwanda). All seventy-seven photos from the album relate to this expedition and show numerous endemic plants from the Ruwenzori mountain slopes, with the captions which often include the name of the plant, the location it was found, the plant’s height, and the altitude above the sea level, i.e. “Lobelia & groundsel near Bujongola, 12461 ft.”; “Lobelia wollastonis, 12700 ft., highest measured 23’6”.” Other photos show the Mobuku River, Mount Kiyanja (Baker), the expedition camp in the Ruwenzori Mountains, Nyamakara [?] River, Kazinga Channel (with the expedition camp), Lake Edward (several views, with one featuring a native canoe), Ankole region, several volcanoes of the Virunga chain and native people of the area, Lake Mutanda, native guides accompanying the expedition, and others.
The stunning watercolours (no exaggeration) show the Ruwenzori foothills, Nyamakara [?] River, Lake Edward, the highlands of Ankole, and over a dozen views of all major Virunga volcanoes and their surroundings - Mount Vissoke (Bisoke), Mount Karisimbi, Mount Mikeno, Mount Namlagira (Nyamuragira, with some showing the smoke above the crater and one depicting the scene of eruption on May 22, 1909, from the distance of 35 miles), Mount Nirigongo (Nyiragongo), Mount Sabyinyo, Mount M’gahinga (Gahinga), and Mount Mukaura (Muhabura); Lake Mutanda, and Lake Mwuleru; this series of watercolours is commenced with two romantic views of elephants bathing in the Misisi [?] River, Uganda.
The second part of the album with twenty-nine watercolours depicts a travel to the highlands of central Angola in May-September 1904, starting with four coastal views of West Africa taken from the steamer (Principe Island, Sao Thome Island, the mouth of the Congo River near Santo António do Zaire/ Soyo, and Benguela). The Angolan views show desert landscapes near Humpata (including a stunning night view of burning grassland), a distant view of Lubango, views of the Caculavar River (a tributary of the upper Kunene River), Managa [?] River, Nimbu [?] River, O’Moluku[?] Mountain, Mbongo Peak (2145 m.), Baobab tree near the Cuiva River, anthill near the Minino River, and others; there are also five interesting portraits of the locals – a native soldier and women in traditional outfits. The album concludes with fifteen attractive watercolour views of the Mediterranean, likely Spain.
Overall, a beautiful historically significant collection of watercolour and photograph views of the East African Rift and central Angola.


[Collection of Thirty-five Albumen Stereoviews Showing Native People, Their Customs and Hunting Scenes in East Africa, Including Kenya, Lake Victoria, Tanzania, and Zanzibar, With Interesting Group Photographs of the Maasai and Kikuyu People, Titled:] East Africa Through the Stereoscope, Volume 1 & 2.

1909. 35 pairs of albumen stereo views, each ca. 8x15,5 cm (3x6 in), mounted on original brown stiff cards. Each numbered with photographer’s copyright and typed caption in English on recto, many with printed captions in French, German, Spanish, Swedish and Russian on verso, and some with printed travel notes. Housed in publisher's original gilt tooled black cloth box ca. 19x6,5x1 cm (7 ½ x 2 ½ x 4 ½ in.) with title and studio name on spine. Box with some wear, but overall a very good collection with interesting strong, sharp photographs.
This collection of 35 albumen stereoviews contains excellent photographs of native people in East Africa, showing their customs and dress, as well as American and African hunters, with views in Kenya, Lake Victoria, Tanzania, and Zanzibar. Eleven photographs were taken in Kenya, six of which show the Kikuyu people, including “women decorated with beads and brass wire” grinding corn, “a Kikuyu warrior buying a wife from her father, the King,” “Women of Kikuyu tribe bringing firewood to a British Government Station”, and “King Wambugoo and his sixteen wives.” Other views in Kenya include “Warriors and women of a village near Mt. Kenia in festival dress,” a Mombasa street scene showing “ivory on the way from the jungle to America,” and “natives smoking fresh killed meat.” There are also six views taken around Victoria Nyanza [Lake Victoria], the chief reservoir of the Nile, including one photo of a Kavirondo village with people holding cages of “decoy quail.” Additionally, five photographs show Tanzania, including American and African hunters carrying zebras after a hunt, a portrait of the photographer with “his party” and three photographs taken near Mt Kilimanjaro, one of which shows a Wachagga village on the mountain’s slopes. There are three interesting photographs of the Masai [Maasai] people, including a group of people watching the gambling game of “Bao” and women building houses, and two photographs from Zanzibar showing a group of women “dressing their hair,” and “masked women holding a fetish that keeps off devils.” Overall, an excellent collection of strong photographs showing native people of East Africa.
“Underwood & Underwood established itself in 1882 as a stereographic distributing company. The company was founded by two brothers, Elmer and Bert Underwood. Underwood & Underwood were publishing twenty-five thousand stereographs a day by 1901…Around 1900 Underwood & Underwood introduced boxed sets, with specific themes such as education and religion, and travel sets depicting popular tourist areas of the world.” (The Yellowstone Stereoview Page)


LUCK, Charles Cardale (1875-1954); LUCK, Cicely Maud; LUCK, Hildur Carolina (1881-1891).
[Extensive Private Archive with over 140 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs taken during Hildur Luck’s Travels to Kenya and Uganda, Showing Her Brother Cardale Luck’s Gwonongween Estate in Kenya, His Family and House Servants, Missionary Stations, Schools and Churches in Mbarara (Uganda), Lake Victoria, River Nile’s Ripon Falls, Mombasa, and Others, Many Vivid Portraits of Native People; With 31 Letters Written to Hildur Mostly by Cardale and his wife Cicely from Kenya; Additionally with about Sixty Items of Ephemera collected during Hildur’s Voyage to Kenya and Uganda in 1940s].

Ca. 1920s. Over 140 loose gelatin silver prints of various size, including over eighty large photos ca. 11,5x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ¼ in) or slightly smaller; and over thirty smaller images, ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in); the rest are ca. 6,5x11 cm (2 ½ x 4 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. Most photos with pencil or ink captions in English or Swedish on versos. Several corners of photos mildly creased, but overall very good strong photos. With 31 letters, dated 1920-1948, small and large Octavos, in all over eighty pages of legible text in English. Black and blue ink on various wove paper; with three stamped envelopes. With over sixty items of various ephemera (visas, travel insurance, telegrams, recommendation letters to African authorities and churches, receipts from hotels, shops and churches, railway tickets, medicine prescriptions et al.), dated 1946-1947. Overall a very interesting archive in very good condition.
Extensive interesting archive of original photographs, letters, and ephemera from the estate of Hildur Carolina Luck, a secretary of Swedish Kvinnelige Misjons Arbeidere (Women Mission Workers’ Organization) in the 1940s. The archive’s contents are closely related to the life of Hildur’s brother, Charles Cardale Luck (1875-1954), a known Swedish artist and a residing farmer in eastern Kenya in the 1920-1940s. The archive contains over 140 original photos taken during Hildur’s visit to her brother’s Gwonongween estate near Lumbwa (Kenya’s Rift Valley region) in autumn-winter 1921-1922 (see the letter by Cicely Luck from 17 Oct. 1921). Over twenty images were taken in the estate, including portraits of Cardale Luck, his wife Cicely and their four children George Thomas Axel (1911-?), Rolf Cardale (1912-1944), Cecil Percy (1917-2008), and Andolie Sophia (ca. 1920-?), with nice photos of the wife and children feeding the chickens, two younger Luck kids posing next to an African hut, portraits of native farm workers milking cows, Kikuyu girls near Lumbwa, native men dancing on the front lawn of the estate, servants moving furniture out of or to the estate, a panoramic view of the estate taken from the distance, views of the nearby mountain ridges of the Great Rift Valley, and others. About twenty images of Kenya show streets in Mombasa, Fort Jesus on Mombasa Island, a street in Kavirondo district, a native dance, termite mounds, people from Kavirondo in festive costumes, and others.
Over sixty interesting photos were taken during Hildur Luck’s trip to the missionary stations in Mbarara (Ankole region of Uganda) via Lake Victoria. The photos show Church Missionary Society station in Ndejje (native girls posing with missionary “Miss E. Brewer”), children on a lesson in CMS school in Mbarara, mission bungalow in Mbarara, native church in the Ankole region, a group of native boy scouts in Mbarara, missionary “Miss Brittain” on a bike posing with native boys in the Ankole region, a female missionary teaching native girls sowing, people leaving Kampala Cathedral after the service, CMS hospital in Kampala; several group portraits of Ugandan native Christian priests with their families; view of the graves of English missionary and martyr James Hannington (1847-1885) and missionary George Lawrence Pilkington (1865-1897) apparently in Kampala; portraits of Hildur Luck being carried by native porters across a river and driven in a cart, a portrait of native carriers moving heavy luggage uphill, and numerous portraits of native villagers, children, babies, girls carrying water, musicians playing drums, girls working on a field, and others. There are also fourteen interesting images of Lake Victoria and Ripon Falls in Uganda (now submerged after the construction of the Owen Falls Dam in 1954), showing native canoes in Jinja, a village on the lake shore, native boat with the sign “Africa, Entebbe” on the stern, and Hildur Luck and her brother (?) posing in front of the Ripon Falls.
The letters include four early ones written in the first years of the Luck family’s life in the Gwonongween estate (dated 31 July 1920 – 26 Oct. 1922), and twenty-seven later ones, written in the family next house in Ol Ngatonga farm, Kitale region of Kenya (16 Dec. 1938 – 12 Dec. 1948). Written mostly by Cicely Luck (with a few authored by Cardale) and addressed mostly to Hildur or her sister Nilsalie (Nilsalie Frederica Hallencreutz, 1878-1972), the letters talk about family affairs and life in Africa, household duties, crops, farm animals, Swedish food they had a home, risks of getting sleeping sickness and malaria, locust attacks, Swedish Mount Elgon Expedition (4 Aug. 1920), the beginning of WW2 (4 Sept. 1939), Russo-Finnish War of 1939-1940 (22 Feb. 1940), the death of their second son Rolf (5 Nov. 1944), the end of WW2 (14 May 1945), the plans to move to Cape Town for retirement (12 Dec., 1948), and others.
A long fascinating letter by Cicely Luck dated 26 October 1922 gives a detailed account of their car trip from Jinja to Kisumu on the shore of Lake Victoria via Busia, with a thunderstorm and heavy rains getting their car stuck in the mud and forcing them to stay overnight in the mud huts of a nearby rest camp; a long colourful passage describes Kavirondo people coming back from a Ngoma party whom the travellers met on the way: “I can’t attempt to do justice to their attire – it was infinitely varied & grotesque beyond belief! Pat & I could really have wept at being unable to snap them. <…> All the women were oiled until they gleamed like well kept mahogany. They had painted their legs with grey <…?> paint, but otherwise were not got up, save for numerous bead ornaments, hair oiled etc. They really looked delightful, or rather the young girls did, before child-bearing had spoilt their figures, poor dears. They were so graceful & unselfconscious in their movements & looked so happy, teeth & eyes gleaming in competition with their polished limbs. All the men were painted but not like the Lua Kavirondos the other side of Nunias that you took a snap of – not all over haphazard, but carefully with elaborate designs <…> in dull red, grey & ochre coloured earths. Some had nose, mouth & chin painted yellow, outlined in red, others had eyes patterned. Almost all had elaborate patterns in 2 or 3 colours on the legs. Some wore leopard skins, & other “cat” skins, not slung over the shoulders, but round the waist, giving quite a skirt=-ike effect. One wore, I think, a hyena skin, but I can’t be sure. Some crowned these costumes with European straw hats, preferably 2 on tops of each other – Tenai fashion - & that, together with their <…?> salutes, were indescribably ludicrous, when combined with their native war paint! <…> They carried huge shield & spears – one had on European boots! Some wore tusks & horns all round their heads, these I think were the most alarming to the eye – truly they were all like the worst nightmare of cannibal chiefs that a fever-haunted child-brain could conjure up. And yet you know they were very kindly should & saluted & “jamboed” us very friendly as we passed, & grinned like pleased school-boys at our open admiration!”
Other excerpts from the letters:
Swedish Mount Elgon Expedition (April-July 1920): “Just now we have 3 of the Swedish Expedition with us – Capt. & Fru Lovén, Dr. Granvik – it is very nice to have them to talk to & hear all their adventures at Elgon & en route. They are very pleased with their time & the results of their labours, & on the whole the weather has been all in their favour. They will stay here for some days before going for a brief trip to Uganda, after which they go home with their spoils. I so ejoy having Marta Lovén here, one never sees white women here, just swarms of men <…> Fru Lovén has brought a charming little baby monkey with her – you would delight in him I know. As I write he sits on the balustrade of the verandah, gracefully scratching fleas with one paw, & draping his knee long tail around him. He eats Cape gooseberries <…> and is really quite dreadfully human! <…> They hope to take him home with them, but the pity is that baby monkeys grow up & become large and ugly!” (Cicely Luck, letter from 4 Aug., 1920).
WW2: “We are this year going in chiefly for flax which is so badly needed for war purposes, aeroplane wings covering in particular <…> We may have to go in for pigs and more cattle to supply the troops in Egypt with bacon & butter & cheese” (22 Feb. 1940); “The rationing, which mainly hits town people, is by no means severe, and we have all we need. Of course, we have had masses of troops to feed, and still have <…> Renewals, renewals of every kind needed to replace everything that has got worn out during the war, not least agricultural machinery everywhere, then too fabrics of every sort and kind <…> Spares of every sort & kind for machinery and cars have been most difficult to get” (Cardale Luck, 16 Sept. 1945).
Germans: “Even in Tanganyika, the missionaries preached Nazism from the pulpits and had Hitler’s <…?> in the churches, & that with few exceptions” (Cardale Luck, 16 Sept. 1945)
Death of Rolf Cardale Luck: “We received this wire from Airgroup Nairobi yesterday morning: “Deeply regret to inform you H.Lt. R.C. Luck D.F.C. Reported missing Oct. 28th, failed to return to base from special mission.” What this “special mission” was I hope we may know some day is not now. As presumably his Catalina came down at sea & they must have led scout planes scouring the probably area for 4-5- days before the telegram was despatched…” (Cardale Luck, 5 Nov. 1944).
Overall a fascinating extensive archive giving a first-hand account of white settlers’ life in the 1920s-1940s British East Africa.
Charles Cardale Luck was a son of a prominent Swedish businessman of English origin Percy F. Luck (1844-1915). Charles Luck studied engraving in the Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Arts, and later in England and France, exhibited at the 1913 Salon (Benezit Dictionary of Arts) and moved to Kenya in 1920. While residing in Africa, he authored an article “The Origin of the Massai and Kindred Tribes and of Bornean Tribes” (The Journal of the East Africa and Uganda Natural History Society, London, 1926, August, pp. 91-193).


[Album of Seventy-nine Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Ethnographic Images of Indigenous People and Early Mountaineering on Mt. Kilimanjaro (Including Kibo and Mawenzi Volcanic Cones), Mt Kenya, Namanga, and Pangani].

1945. Oblong Folio album ca. 27x33,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 in). With 79 original gelatin silver photographs including one large panorama ca. 14x28 cm (5 ¼ x 11 in), thirteen large gelatin silver photographs each ca. 15x21 cm (6 x 8 ¼ in), over thirty-five medium photographs each ca. 11x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ¼ in), and the remaining photos each ca. 8,5x11,5 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ½ in) and smaller mounted on recto of 39 leaves. Over twenty-five of the photographs with period manuscript white ink captions on the leaves. Period dark olive patterned cloth boards. Overall a very good album of interesting strong and sharp photographs.
This album contains interesting ethnographic views of indigenous people in Kenya and Tanzania, as well as early mountaineering photographs in the region. Over thirty of the images feature local people, including ethnographic portraits focused on their costumes and body ornaments, as well as dance and work scenes. There are three portraits of men in military uniform, likely members of the King’s African Rifles (a multi-battalion British colonial regiment which fought in several campaigns during WWII), one photograph of “game scouts” in Namanga, and several images of huts in Pangani. The album also contains many sharp mountaineering photographs of natural landscapes in the region, including a panorama of Mt Kenya, views of Mt Kilimanjaro (first summitted by Hans Meyer on 6 October 1889 which was only rarely summitted until the late 1930's when it started becoming more popular to climb) including several different views of the ice caps and craters at the summit of Kibo, views of Mawenzi, as well as a crater lake.
Il Vaticano; Kilimanjaro; On the Ice Cap; Kibo from the Saddle; “V” for Victory; Mist forest on the slopes of Kilimanjaro; Kibo Hut (photo by Sigrid Newman); Peter’s Hut, Mawenzi in the background; The Small Crater on Kibo; Kibo in a cloud; Kibo from the saddle; The Ice cap, looking N.E.; The Boys; On the journey; Mawenzi at Dawn; A rest by the way; On the ice cap, the Dome; The Crater; Giant Lobelia; Vultures; Mt Kenya; Above Crater Lake; Crater Lake (2); Game Scouts, Namanga; Elephant in the Bush; Rhino; The distance (to the elephant) is only three elephant stampede seconds; African clouds; Pangani; Where Ding and I stayed for the night; Pangani.


[Album of over 300 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Documenting the Zaïan and Rif Wars In Morocco].

Ca. 1917-1925. Oblong Folio ca. 29 x 42.5 cm. twenty-five purple album leaves. Over 300 original gelatin silver prints, two are ca. 17,5x23 cm (6 ¾ x 9 in), over 45 prints are ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and the rest are ca. 9x11,5 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ½ in) or smaller. Photographs are mounted, and the majority with period manuscript black ink captions in French. Additionally with over 20 French newspaper clippings and magazine articles mounted on album leaves. Period maroon pebbled cloth album. Overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This collection documents in detail the success of French conquest in Morocco between 1917 and 1925. It focuses on the submission of several Berber villages to French rule during and following the Zaian war (which took place 1914-1921, as France extended its influence in Morocco eastwards through the Middle Atlas, met with resistance from Berber tribes). These include Ksiba (captioned “newly won”), Aguelmame Aziza, Tsiwant (village stormed in 1923), Aït Bazza (photos include Colonel de Chambrun explaining the manœuvre on the eve of the attack and the submission of the village), an exchange between the Maréchal Lyautey and Zayan Pasha (1922), and the submission of Tribes from North of the Ouergha River to Aïn Aïcha in 1924. The album also documents a portion of the Rif War, a colonial war between Riffain tribes and the French and Spanish troops in the Rif mountains (1921-1926), including a visit from Damaso Berenguer, High Commissioner of Spanish Morocco, aerial photographs marking posts and villages, and several images of Riffain prisoners. Also included are over 15 photos of Almis du Guigou, including Armistice Day (November 11 1918), a visit from Alexandre Millerand ( President of France from 1920-1924) in 1922
The photographs are likely taken by Lieutenant de Séroux from the 1st Spahi Regiment, whose accomplishments are highlighted in newspaper clippings included in the album. A photograph shows his decoration by Maréchal Lyautey (the first French Resident-General in Morocco from 1912 to 1925) in June 1918. Also photographed is General Poeymiraum, one of Maréchal Lyautey’s collaborators; both are known for playing crucial roles in the submission of the Zaïans.
The photograph include (with the original French captions): Fes; Campements; Premier avion atterit à Almis, 10-1918; Le Maréchal Lyautey me décore (june 1918); Almis du Guigou; Tazouta 1920; Sefrou 1920; General Poeymirau; Visite du Président de la République Millerand au Maroc; Khenifra; Le Maréchal et le Pasha des Zaïans; Ksiba nouvellement conquis; Rabat: Défilé du 14 Juillet 1922; Le roi et la reine des Belges s’embarquant sur le «Diana»; La reine des Belges à Casablanca; Dans le Moyen Atlas ; Aguelmame Aziza; Le village de Tsiouant Foukani pris d’assaut en 1923; Aït Bazza: veille d’opération, Le Colonel de Chambrun explique la manœuvre; Visite du Général Berenguer, Haut Commissaire Espagnole à Fez, 1923; Le Pasha Baghdadi de Fes; Voyage des Attachés Militaires Etrangers au Maroc 1923; Soumission des Tribus du Nord de l’Ouergh à Aïn Aïcha (1924); Ma decoration à Aïn-Aïcha Janvier 1925; Taounate 1924-1925; Aerial photographs; Prisoniers Riffains Juillet 1925.


KOENEN, Jos[eph?] Regierungs-Landmesser
[Album of Fifty-three Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Swakopmund, Windhoek, Gross Barmen, Oljimbingue, Karibib, Ababis and Khan in Deutsch Suedwest Afrika (Namibia) Compiled by a Senior German Colonial Surveyor].

15 December 1900. Oblong Quarto (18x25 cm). 25 stiff light green album leaves. With 53 original gelatin silver photographs, fifty of which are mounted ca. 11,5x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) and three smaller personal ones loosely inserted. Images inserted recto and verso into windows of album leaves and all captioned in manuscript in German in black ink on mounts. Original green embossed cloth album with manuscript black ink paper title label "Suedwest-Afrika 1900-1903" on front cover. Covers mildly soiled and with mild wear of extremities, a couple repaired tears of mounts, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This album which was compiled by a senior German colonial official contains historically interesting and candid photos of Namibia when it was the German colony of Deutsch Suedwest Afrika and includes views of: Swakopmund (general view, port, bookstore, trading company buildings, Bank (Deutsche Colonial Gesellschaft fuer Suedwest Afrika), "Deutschen Colonial Handelsgesellschaft" buildings, "Damara-Namaqua Handelsgesellschaft" buildings, customs office, shipping company buildings, Oberstlieutnant Leutwein (Gouverneur) taking a walk, Central Hotel with accommodations for staff, "Swakopmunder Handelgesellschaft" store, trains station with steam engine, pump station with waterline, quarry for building of the port with Ovambo workers, view over the Imperial port construction office, construction of railroad, home of Major Pofall, post office, ox wagens, "Tippelskirch & co." building, whale bones on the beach, Cafe Hagemeister); Windhoek (Governor Leutwein at his residence, general view, war memorial, street scene, hot springs, artillery barracks, ruins of a fort (war with Witbooi), place of Hottentots massacre, first Government house, Catholic Mission, street in Little Windhoek, View of Little Windhoek); Gross Barmen, Oljimbingue, Last troop transport; Karibib train station & post station; Ababis; Khan (general view, train station, cliffs); Rossing Train station; Luederitzbucht; native prisoners. Overall a very interesting album of evocative views showing Namibia shortly before the Herero and Namaqua genocide (1904-7).


BELLAMY, Capt. P. J.
[Album with 115 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Compiled by Captain P.J. Bellamy, Showing the Military Activities of the 1st Border Regiment in South Africa During the Second Anglo-Boer War.]

March 1900 – February 1901. Oblong Quarto ca. 25x31 cm (10 x 12 ¼ in) with 115 original gelatin silver photographs larger photographs each ca. 21x12,5 cm (8 x 5 in), 13 medium photographs each ca. 9x12 cm (3 5/8 x 4 ¾ in), the rest each ca. 8x8 cm (3 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) and smaller, mounted in windows on recto and verso of 24 brown stiff card leaves, all but nine captioned (and the majority dated) in period red typescript on labels pasted under each photograph or in period manuscript ink or in negative. Period brown full roan album gilt titled “South Africa 1899-1901. 1st Border Regiment” with moiré endpapers inscribed with period manuscript ink “E.H. Bellamy from M.G. 1900” and some recent pencil notes. Several small chips to front board, one larger chip to back board, but album leaves and photographs in excellent condition.
This album of 115 original gelatin silver photographs compiled by Captain (later Lieutenant Colonel) P.J. Belamy of the 1st Border Regiment and documents in detail the regiment’s military activities during the Second Boer War, from March 1900 to February 1901. Several of the photographs show important events from the war, including a “Kaffir spy brought to Major Pelly to be examined, on morning of 9th July, 1900 at Rietfontein, under shell fire (long range),” the “graves of men of Berks and Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders who fell in action at Mazilikats Nek, on 3rd Aug. 1900,” “Lt.-Col. Ovens, Major Pelly and Capt. Thompson inspecting Volunteers of Battn. On their departure, 6th Oct, 1900,” and a “scene of action at Middlefontein. Taken on 23rd Jan., 1901 the day before the fight with De la Rey’s men” (Koos Delaray was known to be one of the strongest Boer generals during the war). There is also evidence of guerilla tactics used by Boers including a “railway bridge destroyed by the Boers at Bronkhorst Spruit,” and of the British scorched-earth counter-insurgency policy including the battalion “clearing a farm near Breedts Nek, 15th Jan. 1901.” Additionally, some interesting views show the life of soldiers during the war, including numerous group photographs of officers and soldiers which are each carefully labelled (showing Captain P.J. Bellamy, Major Matthews, Lieutenant Sutherland, Lieutenant-Colonel Ovens, Major Pelly, Captain Thompson, Captain Vaughn, and others…), the battalion marching through a drift, soldiers making tea at the camp, a “shoemaker’s shop on the move,” “men buying at canteen stores, Krugersdorp” and an very good photograph of “ladies offering tea to troops” as soldiers lean out of railway cars in Kimberly. Other interesting photographs include soldiers working at a railhead in “Fourteen Streams May 1900,” soldiers “waiting to entrain” at the Potchefstroom railway station, and a “Kaffir’s hut near Breedts Nek.” The remainder of the photographs show the battalion marching in the countryside through Rouxville, Wepener (across the Caledon River bridge), Smithfield, Bethulie, Ventersdorp, Swavel Poort, Buffelspoort, Pretoria, Bokfontein, Dambrock and other locations. Overall, a very good album of strong, clear, and well identified photographs documenting important details of the 1st Border Regiment’s activities during the Second Boer War from 1900-1901.
“The Second Boer War started on 11 October 1899 and ended on 31 May 1902. Britain defeated two Boer states in South Africa: the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State. Britain was aided by its Cape Colony, the Colony of Natal and some native African allies. The British war effort was further supported by volunteers from the British Empire, including Southern Africa, the Australian colonies, Canada, India and New Zealand.
The second part of the war (February–April 1900) was the opposite of the first. After the British reorganized and reinforced under new leadership, they began to experience success against the Boer soldiers. Commonwealth soldiers resorted to using blockhouses, farm burning and concentration camps to 'persuade' the resisting Boers into submission.
The third and final phase of the war was the guerrilla phase where many Boer soldiers turned to Guerrilla tactics such as raiding infrastructure or communications lines. Many Canadian soldiers did not actually see combat after getting shipped over to South Africa as many arrived around the time of the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging on 31 May 1902.” (Wikipedia).


[Album with 56 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Taken by a Passenger of the SS “City of Cairo”, Showing Nubian and Sudanese Cities and Villages along the White Nile, from Ibrim to Kosti, Including Khartoum, Omdurman, Wad-Alzaky, Ad Douiem and Others; Several Views of the Blue Nile, and a Three-Part Panorama of Port Said].

1924-6. Oblong Folio ca. 32,5x42 cm (13 x 16 ½ in). Six grey card album leaves. With 56 mounted gelatin silver prints, including a three-part panorama ca. 6,5x32,5 cm (2 ½ x 12 ¾ in), the other photos are ca. 7,5x13 cm (3 x 5 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. All photos captioned (and many dated) in period manuscript blue ink on the mounts. Recent brown cloth album with embossed design on front cover. One image partially detached and folded, one with repaired tear, a few photographs with mild rubbing or fading and many photographs showing the traces of the adhesive, otherwise a very good album with strong sharp photographs.
Nice album with interesting snapshot photographs of the villages and cities located on the Nile River banks from Ibrim (Lower Nubia, Egypt) to Kosti (present-day White Nile state of Sudan). Apparently taken by a young British military man on service in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, the album includes views of the Abu Simbel rock temple (before it was moved in 1968 during the construction of the Aswan High Dam), Wadi Halfa, Khartoum (White Nile bridge to Omdurman under construction, British barracks – with two images of a sand storm closing over the barracks, native boats on the Blue Nile in Khartoum, the White Nile in flood, the junction point of the White and Blue Nile, nearby Moghren village, Khartoum-Omdurman ferry boat), Omdurman (native market, buildings on the Nile bank, a street in the native quarter), Ad Douiem (local people on the Nile bank, British Governor’s house, native market, prison cart, White Nile Police officers), Wad-Alzaky, Kosti (railway station, mosque, bridge under construction, native village, native market, “S.S. Fateh alongside at Kosti”), and others; there are also photos of the local fishermen and children, and several views of the White Nile, with two photos showing the felucca race on July 15, 1924. The album closes with a three-part panorama of Port Said harbour taken in 1926 from the “Fleet Frozen meat store,” showing the Navy House (destroyed during the 1956 Suez Crisis), the Suez Canal Company Office and naval cruisers docked nearby. Overall a nice photo collection of views of Egypt and Sudan along the banks of the Nile River.


[Album of Thirty-One Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Important Places and Indigenous People in Sudan with an Emphasis on Locations Along Sudan Government Railways].

Ca. 1925. Oblong Folio album ca. 30x37 cm (11 ½ x 14 ½ in). 31 original gelatin silver photographs each ca. 15x20 cm (5 ¾ x 8 in) including one photographic map ca. 20,5x27,5 cm (8 x 10 ¾ in) mounted on recto of 32 leaves. All are captioned and numbered in period manuscript white ink. Period grey full cloth album with a maroon gilt stamped leather label titled “SUDAN,” and maroon cloth corners. Album cover mildly worn at extremities, some mild staining of covers and back cover with a minor chip, but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
This album of interesting photographs of Sudan includes views of Halfa, Kassala, Sennar (Sannar), Khartoum, Omdurman, Suakin, and Port Sudan, which are all located along the Sudan government railways. Also, several images show the Al Gezira agricultural region which is known for its extensive irrigation scheme. “The Gezira scheme was introduced by the British in 1925, and distributes the waters of the Blue Nile through a 2,700-mile (4,300-km) network of canals and ditches to irrigate fields growing cotton and other cash crops” (Encyclopedia Britannica). The album contains images of native people picking cotton and harvesting wheat, a cotton ginning factory, and the main Gezira canal. It also shows views of the Sennar irrigation Dam during and after its construction, which was completed in 1925. Additionally, there are six photographs of Khartoum, including government buildings, Gordon College, Kitchener Memorial Medical School, people sitting in the garden of the Grand Hotel Khartoum and a group of Sudanese soldiers standing at the Khartoum Palace, captioned “The Governor General’s escort” (likely members of the Sudan Defense Force which was formed in 1925). There are also several photographs of southern Sudan along the White Nile, including images of a post boat near Rejaf and people in dugout canoes and on a Nile boat near Taufikia. Several interesting ethnographic photographs show native people, including portraits of a Hadendoa, an Azande, and a Shilluk, and there are photographs of local vendors at the grain market in Omdurman, women sitting outside a straw hut in Kassala, and people holding a camel outside “Arab Houses” in Suakin (once the region’s chief trading port that fell into disrepair in the 1920s). Many of the locations shown in the album are along the railway network in Northern and Central Sudan. A photo of a map at the beginning of the album shows existing and proposed Sudan Government railway routes: the latest one recorded is the Hayya – Kassala route completed in 1924. Also included is one photograph of a government railway express train. Overall, an excellent album with strong interesting photographs.
Captioned Photos:
N°1287 Mail Boat at Halfa; N°1289 Roman Fort at Halfa Reach (?); N° 1220 Sudan Gov’ Railways Express Train; N° 1292 The Palace Khartoum; N°803 The Governor Generals Escort at the Palace Khartoum; N°1295 Grand Hotel Khartoum; N°1278 Government Buildings Khartoum; N°849 Khartoum. Gordon College; N°1219 Kitchener Memorial Medical School; N°1209 Omdurman. The Grain Market; N°990 Port Sudan Quays; N°1312 Suakin. Arab Houses; N°680 A Hadendoa; N°1284 Kassala Mountain; N°1290 A scene in Kassala; N°1294 A scene in Kassala; N°1254 Sennar Dam looking East. Upstream side under construction; N°1269 Sennar Dam. View below the Dam Completed; N°1291 Main Gezira Canal; N°847 Cotton Picking; N°2028 Cotton Ginning Factory; N°848 Harvesting Wheat; N°1293 Police Camel Race; N°1217 Rejaf Post Boat; N°1205 A boat at Taufikia; N°908 Azande on Trek; N°1213 Dugout canoes on the White Nile near Taufikia; N°826 A Shilluk; N°907 Grinding Telebun; N°987 Herd of Elephant.


[Album of 109 Original Albumen Photographs Showing the Architecture, People and Places Along the North and East Coast of Tunisia Titled:] Souvenir de Tunisie.

1884. Large Oblong Folio album ca. 27,5x35,5 cm (10 ¾ x 14 in). 109 original albumen photographs including 93 ca. 13,5x22,5 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) to 20x26 cm (8 x 10 in), and 16 ca. 16,5x11,5 cm (6 ½ x 4 ½ in) to 20x15,5 cm (8 x 6 in) mounted on recto and/or verso of 46 beige album leaves ca. 26,5x32 cm (10 ¼ x 12 ½ in). 48 are captioned in period manuscript pencil or in negative on the print by the studio. Period red quarter Morocco with gilt title on front cover and pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Some mounts mildly foxed and a couple of photographs mildly faded but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
This album contains photographs showing landscapes, villages and local people along the North and East coast of Tunisia during a visit by French officials in 1884 (soon after the Marsa convention was signed in 1883, which required administrative and judicial reforms under the French Protectorate). Interesting are photographs showing officials: one photograph shows a French official sitting next to a group of Tunisian people and another shows a procession of officials on horses, followed by local people, nuns and other religious figures. A group photo of Tunisian people is captioned “National Tour 1884.” A large portion of the images shows Tunis, including the old port of Carthage, clothing and perfume markets, and several photographs of the Dar el Bey government palace. Three large photographs show buildings and people along the banks of the Bizerte canal. Images of Sfax include the crowded Central street, a market near the city’s ramparts, and a view of the city. Four photographs show Kairouen, particularly the interior and exterior of the Grand Mosque. There are also many photographs of the rural regions in between towns, including an image of people gathering water at an oasis between Menzel and Djaraa, women cleaning clothes in a valley near Gabes, Arab horsemen, and an oasis near Nefta. Also included are several photographs of Malta, including Fort St Angelo and the Royal Theatre. Overall an extensive collection of excellent photographs of Tunisia.
Captioned Photos:
Porte de France; La residence; Dar el Bey; Souk des Tailleurs; Souk des Parfums; Vue du Bardo; Vue de Carthage; Cathédrale de Carthage; Chapelle de St Louis, Entrée du Musée, Carthage; Le Canal (Bizerte); Vue du Canal; Rue a Sfax; Anciens ports de Carthage; Palais dar Hussein; Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée Kairouen; Vue de Sfax; Marché a l’alfa devant les remparts (Sfax); Rue Centrale (Sfax); Marché de Djara; Dans l’oasis à Gabés; Entre Menzel et Djaraa; Pont de Menzel; Sur les bords de l’Oued Gabés; Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée à Kairouen; Ancien Harem (Bardo); Escalier des lions au Bardo; Alger, Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée; Gabès; Oasis de Nefta; Cavaliers Arabes; Jardin à Nefta; A Travers l’Oasis de Tozeur; Piscine Romaine à Gafsa; Tunis, Place de la Kasbah; Tunis, Entrée du Dar-el-Bey; Cour du Dar-el-Bey, Tunis; Marabout ruiné, près du fort Sidi-ben-Hassen; Fort St Angelo, Malta; Royal Theatre, Malta; Strada Sta Lucia, Malta; Tomb of Compte Beanjolais, St John’s church, Malta; Grande Mosquée Kairouen; Anciens Ports de Carthage; Maison Arabe; Souk des Parfums; Vue Générale Kairouen; Tunis Regardant la Kasbah; El-Djem; Tour National 1834


[Album of Fifty-Six Original Gelatin Silver and Platinum Photographs Showing Ethnographic Views and Colonial Buildings and Infrastructure in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania Following the Construction of the Uganda Railway (1896-1901).]

Ca. 1907. Large Oblong Folio album ca. 26x33,5 cm (10 ¼ x 13 in). 13 light green stiff card album leaves. 56 gelatin silver and platinum photographs including 15 photographs ca. 15x21 cm (5 x 8½ in), 8 each ca. 10,5x15 cm (4 x 6 in), and the rest ca. 6,5x10 cm (2 ½ x 4 in) and slightly smaller, mounted recto and verso. All but 10 captioned in period manuscript blue ink or pencil. Period dark brown quarter sheep with gilt bands, brown pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Album and photographs in very good condition.
This album contains photographs of local people and colonial establishments in British East Africa (present-day Kenya), Uganda (protectorate established in 1896) and German East Africa (present-day Tanzania). A large portion of the photographs are taken along the Uganda Railway from Mombasa, where the Railway began in 1896, to the terminus at Kisumu on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria, where it was completed in 1901. One image shows local people standing near a railway station, and another shows railway worker gangers gathering near a cart. Several photographs show an Indian Bazaar in Nairobi, likely started by a community of British Indian labourers who were brought to Kenya to complete the railway in the late 1890s. "Built during the Scramble for Africa, the Uganda Railway was the one genuinely strategic railway to be constructed in tropical Africa at that time. 2,498 workers died during its construction"(Wikipedia). Many of the images are ethnographic studies of the local peoples including portraits, groups standing in a row with women holding their young children, people working, native settlements and market scenes. One photograph shows Kikuyu Natives in Nairobi sorting coffee beans on the ground as a European supervisor watches. Several images show colonial buildings, including the Memorial Cathedral in Mombasa (the administrative centre of British East Africa until 1905), and a Missionary Society School in Uganda which was founded in 1895 to educate native chiefs’ sons. Also included are images of a Government House, and a U.M.C.A. (Universities' Mission to Central Africa?) House and Chapel in Tanga, Tanzania, which was the first establishment and administrative center of German East Africa. Overall, an excellent album showing local peoples and colonial establishments in British East Africa, Uganda and German East Africa.
List of photographs:
Wakamba Women, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives B.E.A.; Kisumu Beef Market; Kikuyu boy outside hut, Nairobi 1907; Uganda Railway Co. Steamers on Lake Victoria, Nyanza, 1907, Kisumu; Ripon Falls, Source of the Nile, Jinja, Uganda; Exterior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; River View, Magda, G.E. Africa; Indian Bazaar, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Indian Bazaar, Natives Shopping, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Namirembe Markey, Uganda; Kampala Fort, Uganda; Ripon Falls, Jinja, Uganda; Queen Victoria’s Statue, Nairobi B.E.A.; Canoe, Lake Victoria Nyanza; Mengo, Uganda, C.M.S. School for sons of chiefs in foreground; Scenery, French Mission, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives sorting coffee beans, French Mission, Nairobi B.E.A.; Kibwezi Natives, B.E. Africa; Kavirondo Native; Kikuyu Women going to market, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Group, B.E.A.; Kavirondo Native; Watching the train pan, Kibos, B.E.A.; Kisumu Market; Gangers, Uganda Railway, B.E.A.; Interior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; King’s Lake, Mengo, Uganda; Waterfall near Magila, G.E.A. (2 views); Bagamoyo Village, Magila, G.E.A.; Tanga Bay, G.E.A.; Street in Tanga, G.E.A.; U.M.C.A. Mission House and Chapel, Tanga, G.E.A.; Government House, Tanga G.E.A.; Bridge built by the late Padre Harrison, Magila, G.E.A.; Village, Magila, G.E.A.; River, Magila, G.E.A.; View, Magila, G.E.A.; Public Gardens, Tanga, G.E.A.; Native Street, Tanga, G.E.A. (2 views); Bismarck’s Monument, Tanga, G.E.A.; Kisumu Market, B.E.A. (2 views); Station on the Uganda Railway, B.E.A.


[Album with ca. 380 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing the Building of a Pipeline Between Norman Wells and Whitehorse (Yukon) and Life at Canol Camp in the Northwest Territories, With Views of Work and Landscapes Along the Alaska [Alcan] Highway, and Street Scenes in Whitehorse.]

1943-1944. Oblong Quarto ca. 18x29 cm (7 x 11 ¼ in) with ca. 380 original gelatin silver photographs including one large photograph ca. 17x23,5 cm (6 ¾ x 9 ¼ in), 4 medium photos each ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5x7 in) and the rest each ca. 13x7,5 cm (5x3 in) and smaller. All but one mounted on recto and verso of 82 black stiff card leaves with corners, and over half are captioned in period typescript on yellow or orange slips pasted under each photograph. Also included are 7 real photo postcards each ca. 8,5x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in), and memorabilia including a Whitehorse Dist. Newsletter ca. 33x20 cm (13x8 in), a wedding invitation with “Reception at Canol Hotel” ca. 8x13 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ¼ in) and a small “Armistice Day Dance” ticket. Period black patterned soft sheep covers bound with black cord and gilt titled on front cover “Photographs” and “White Horse, Yukon.” Mild wear at album extremities and two leaves detached, but overall a very good album with sharp strong photographs.
This interesting album of ca. 380 original gelatin silver photographs shows the life of people involved in building an oil pipeline from Norman Wells (Northwest Territories) to a refinery in Whitehorse (Yukon), construction and landscape views along the Alcan Highway, as well as street views in Whitehorse. In 1942, members of the U.S. Engineering Corps were sent from Edmonton, Alberta along the Mackenzie River to Norman Wells, in order to build a pipeline to a new refinery in Whitehorse for oil that would fuel the completion of the Alcan highway. “This pipeline would be 600 miles long, passing through a virtually unknown land containing everything from swampy valleys to high mountains and raging rivers” (Explore North). Canol Camp was established at Norman Wells for the workers, and this album contains around twenty photographs of the site, showing workers standing in line outside the “Mess Hall,” women at the camp, a first aid tent, the Electrical Department building and signs indicating “Bechtel - Price - Callahan Construction,” which was the company completing the construction project. There are also photographs of a ship carrying equipment for Norman Wells, “Cutting ice at Norman Wells,” “Road and Pipeline near Canol,” the “Refinery near Whitehorse” and a sign indicating “War Department, Office US Engineers, Whitehorse district.” Many photographs were taken along the Alcan Highway, some of which show construction work, including one captioned “Cutting Grade on the Alcan,” and many of which show views along the way, including Johnson’s Crossing, Tagish lake, and the Teslin river crossing. The seven real photo postcards included with the album show the completed Alaska Highway. Additionally, around fifteen photographs show street scenes and buildings in Whitehorse, including the Canadian Bank and Commerce, Inn Whitehorse, White Pass Hotel, and Yukon Ivory Shop. Also included are photographs of hunting trips in the Northwest territories, views of Mackenzie Country and Peace River, several photographs of the Pullen House fire in Skagway (1843), and Aurora Borealis scenes. Overall, a very interesting album showing work on the Alcan and Canol projects and life in Northern Canada during the 1940s.
“During the Second World War, in response to Japanese offense in 1942 “the first joint effort of the U.S. And Canada was to start construction of the Alaska Highway - often called the Alcan… One of the logistical problems involved ensuring a supply of oil for the thousands of pieces of equipment that would be used. Tanker traffic from California was now subject to attack by enemy forces, threatening the oil supply to both the highway project and the airfields along the Northwest Staging Route from Montana to Alaska… At the time, the safest potential oil supply appeared to be at Norman Wells, on the Mackenzie River…It was therefore decided to expand the Norman Wells field, and build a pipeline from there to a new refinery to be built at Whitehorse… In the summer of 1942, U.S. Engineering troops and pipe were dispatched to the end of rails in Alberta, 285 miles north of Edmonton; from there, they were barged almost 1,100 miles to the river bank opposite the Norman Wells refinery. At that point, a new camp - Camp Canol (for "Canadian Oil"), would be set up to house the thousands of workers who would be needed. In the spring of 1943, the first women arrived at Camp Canol, and a distinct change in the social nature of the camp occurred - variety shows were held, choral groups started, and a regular newsletter was produced… Despite all the weather, geographic, logistical and political problems, though, the pipeline did reach the new Whitehorse refinery - the final weld was laid on February 16, 1944. It was a short-lived success, however; on April 1, 1945, the Whitehorse refinery was shut down.” (Explore North)


LA ROCHE, Frank (1853-1936)
[Interesting Collection of Twenty-four Original Photographs of Alaska].

Ca. 1895. 14 grey thick card leaves. 24 gelatin silver prints from ca. 18x23.5cm (7x9,5 in) to 11x18,5 cm (4,5x7,5 in). All mounted on original thick grey card leaves, most captioned in negative. Overall a very good collection of strong, sharp and interesting images.
This interesting collection of photographs includes twenty-three by La Roche (Seattle) including images of: Juneau: from the water, from steamer, log cabin, Pres. Church; Sitka: Indian Avenue (x2), Indian merchants, driveway, Indian River Rapids, bridge on Indian River Trail; Wrangell: from steamer, evening, Wrangell Narrows; Skagway: from bridge, Broadway; Metlakahtla (BC): group of Indian children, Indian brass band; White Pass Railroad: from the mouth of the tunnel; Lynn Canal (x2); Steamer "Queen" taking on ice; Muir Glacier: Steamer "Queen" in the Ice Takou Inlet: Grenville Channel (BC); WITH one by Winter & Pond: Old Tlingit Indian.
La Roche "made numerous trips to southeastern Alaska and the Yukon Territory photographing among others, scenes during the Klondike gold rush, ca. 1897-1899. These included views of his experiences traveling from Dyea, Alaska over the Chilkoot Pass into British Columbia to reach the gold fields" (University of Washington Libraries).


[Album of Sixty-seven Gelatin Silver Photographs of a Railroad trip through California, Nevada, Utah and Colorado].

Ca. 1899. Quarto (25,5x17,5 cm). 17 grey album leaves. With 67 mounted original gelatin silver photographs, with eight larger ones ca. 12x20 cm (5x8 in) and the rest ca. 8,5x8 cm (3,5x3 in). Most photographs with manuscript black ink captions. Period style brown gilt tooled half morocco with brown cloth boards. A few images mildly faded, but overall a very good album of interesting photographs.
The photographs in this album of a railroad journey from California to Colorado start with views of Monterey (Hotel del Monte (27 photos of hotel buildings and grounds), Catholic mission chapel, old custom house); San Francisco (Sassafras, seal rocks Golden Gate, Alcatraz); Exterior and Interior photos of steam engines (American Tram & Limited Express); Auburn (station, road and street scene, homes); Ogden railway depot; Salt Lake City (station, panoramas of the city in summer & winter, Mormon temple, street scene with natives, old city walls); Denver Rio Grande railroad route (11) including views of a camp, wreckage and views of the railway through the Rockies and over the Arkansas River.


[Collection of 25 Original Gelatin Silver Stereoviews Showing Local People, Villages, Farms and Industry in Bolivia and Chile].

Ca. 1910s. 25 pairs of albumen stereo views, each ca. 8x15 cm (3x6 in), mounted on original grey stiff cards. Each numbered with photographer’s copyright and printed captions in English on recto. Housed in period blue cloth lined box ca. 19x9x9 cm (7 ½ x 3 ½ x 3 ½ in) with “Keystone Geography Units in Stereographs” label. Overall a very good collection with strong and sharp photographs.
This collection of 25 original gelatin silver stereoviews contains interesting photographs of local people, farms, industry and villages in Bolivia and Chile. Photographs of Bolivia include a Cattle Estancia in Chaco, a railroad, a general view and street scene of La Paz, a farmhouse and market in Cochabamba, an “Indian Village,” and views of the tin-mining center of Oruro, including one photograph showing the sifting of tin ore. Photographs of Chile include views on a Temuco Farm (with a portrait of the farmer, and photographs of the processes of plowing and “haying”), a lumberyard, Santiago, the Copper Mine in Chanaral, the Antofagasta harbor and railroad to Bolivia, Valparaiso, including the market, the port, and one general view, and one photograph of an Araucanian girl weaving. Overall, a collection of sharp interesting photographs showing people, towns and industry in Chile and Bolivia.
“In 1897 Simon Patiño purchased La Salvadora mine near the village of Uncia, east of Oruro, which eventually became the world’s most productive tin source. Patiño’s fortunes snowballed and by 1924 he had gained control of about 50% of the nation’s tin output.” (lonelyplanet)
“In 1824, Diego de Almeyda made the discovery of the large natural deposits of copper in the area near Chanaral, and was the first in the mining industry in Chile to export it. For this reason, the town was founded October 26, 1833 as Chañaral de las Ánimas ("Chañar field of the Souls"). A few of years later, Pedro Lujan discovered ore at El Salado, where a mine was built. In 1836, a shipping port promising raw material was constructed. The great boom Chañaral began in 1860 when A. Edwards & Company was inaugurated where an inn exists today.” (Wikipedia)
“The Keystone View Company was founded in 1892 by B. L. Singley in Meadville, Pennsylvania…it rapidly improved and eventually became not only the world's largest but also the best view company. In the formative days Singley took all the images; later there were dozens of staff photographers…They developed the technique of consistently producing beautifully clear, crisp prints which were a delight to view; originally they were mounted on tan curved cards and later on their trade-mark dark gray curved mounts. The company also emphasized the use of informative text on the back of the views, and popularized the concept of boxed sets which had been innovated by the Underwood Brothers.” (Yellowstone Stereoview Page)


[Album of 174 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of the Voyage of German Naval Officer Fritz Standke to the Iguazu Falls and Asuncion on a Streamer via the Rio de la Plata, Uruguay, Parana, Paraguay Rivers with Stops in Uruguay, Argentina and Paraguay].

1918. Oblong Folio (24,5x33 cm). 30 brown album leaves. With 174 original gelatin silver photographs ca. 17,5x23,5 cm (7 x 9 ½ in) and smaller, the smallest ones ca. 4,5x6,5 cm (2 x 2 ½ in). Images mounted on recto and verso of album leaves most captioned in German in manuscript white ink and some with printed paper labels on mounts. Additionally included are two manuscript maps in white ink and mount mounted printed text describing details of the journey. Original blue patterned full cloth album. Overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
The interesting photographs in this very extensively annotated album include views of Argentina (Buenos Aires (Darsena Norte), Isla Martin Garcia with interior and exterior photos of barracks, Colon, Concordia, Posadas including a series of photographs documenting the harvest of Yerba Mate, San Ignacio including ruins of the old mission, riding through the Amazon Jungle; Uruguay (Paysandu, Salto); A series of over 70 photos of the Iguazu falls with hotel and surroundings; Paraguay (Asuncion (panorama and port); San Bernardino). Included in the photographs are two-part panoramas of Darsena Norte, Garganta del Diablo, Asuncion, San Bernadino, Iguazu Falls.


[Album with Thirty-five Original Platinum Photographs Showing the Construction of the Panama Canal 1888-1913, Including Three Maps of the Panama Canal, an Information Card Containing Construction and Historical Details, and a Printed Copy of a Jan. 1st 1915 Letter from Alice Moore M. Tomas to her son and Mapmaker C.P. Gray Describing her Experience Onboard During the First Crossing of the Canal].

1888-1915. Oblong Folio ca. 27,5x36,5 cm (10 ¾ x 14 ½ in) with 35 platinum photographs, including one panorama ca. 8.5x28 cm (3 ¼ x 11 in) and the rest are each ca. 18.5x24 cm (7 ¼ x 9 ½ in), mounted one per page on recto and/or verso of eighteen white stiff card leaves. All are numbered, dated and/or captioned by the studio in negative or in period manuscript pencil on a slip of paper included ca. 12x20 cm (4 ¾ x 8 in). Also included are two copies of a pressed cardboard raised relief map titled “Gray’s Aero View of the Panama Canal” ca. 11.5x34 cm (4 ½ x 13 ½ in), an envelope ca. 14x35 cm (5 ½ x 13 ¾ in) containing a blue printed letter with “Hamburg American Line” letterhead ca. 41.5x19 cm (16x7 ½ in.) pasted onto a folding information card ca. 28.5x36 cm (11 ¼ x 14 ¼ in) with canal facts and drawing of canal profile, and a folding map titled: “General Map of the Panama Canal / Published by WM. M. Baxter, JR.” ca. 31.5x86 cm (12 ½ x 34 in). Period dark green gilt tooled full straight grained morocco titled “PANAMA / 1913.” with decorative endpapers, gilt tooled title embellishments on inside covers, three “Republica de Panama” stamps pasted on front endpaper and small “W. Johnson and Sons, Makers, London” label pasted on back inside cover. Some minor rubbing of extremities, but overall a very good album with strong clear photographs.
This album contains 35 original platinum photographs showing the different stages of construction and operation of the Panama Canal in 1888-1913, including the operation of the Gatun Locks, Blowing up of the Gamboa Dyke, the Culebra Cut, Gold Hill, Pedro Miguel Locks, Miraflores Spillway Dam, Miraflores Locks, and Balboa Terminals. The album also contains a printed copy letter from Alice Moore M. Tomas to her son, C.P. Gray, the mapmaker who designed the raised relief maps included with the album. She describes the experience of a Hamburg-American steamship passenger during the first crossing of the Canal in 1915: “All the passengers were up and on deck with the coming of the sweet, refreshing tropical dawn, eager to behold the pageantry of this great celebration. […] We are now passing through the five-hundred-foot channel to Gatun Locks. Here, we catch a glimpse of the gigantic steel and concrete docks – but our whole attention is centered on our entrance to Lock No. 1 through which we are towed by tremendous Electric Mules, having hauling power of 25,000 pounds an engine. […] Great hausers from these mammoth Electric Mules, or locomotives, grapple our vessel and haul till its nose touches the gate of Lock No. 2 […] Thus in exactly seventy-two minutes we have been put through the thee locks of Gatun […] and are proceeding, by our own power, through the buoyed channel in Gatun Lake […] so rapidly are new objects presenting themselves that my pen falters in the attempt to describe them.” Additionally, an information card “Compliments of the Hamburg-American Line” is included and highlights historical events leading to the construction of the canal, facts about its construction and a drawing of the canal’s profile.
Captions of the photographs:
A French Scheme for excavating; View from water at Gatun showing Lock & Dam; View looking south showing upper locks and Gatun Lake; West wing wall Gatun; Operation of Gatun Locks; Looking south from lighthouse on west wall, showing water in west chamber of upper lock; Looking north from north gates, shower lower guard gates in foreground; First boat through. Tugboat “Gatun” entering lower lock, west chamber; Dredging fleet entering lower lock, west chamber; Dredging fleet in lower lock, west chambers; Dredging fleet leaving west chamber of upper lock; Blowing up Gamboa dyke, view looking north; view from west bank showing water rushing through opening immediately after blast; A view of Calebra Cut looking towards empire in 1888; Gold Hill looking south in 1890; Culebra Cut from top of Contractor’s hill; View looking south from West Bank near Cunette; Looking North from West Bank at Cunette; Break in East Bank at La Pita taking in Obispo Diversion Channel; Looking North from La Pita; Looking north from East bank half way between Culebra and Empire; Looking north from west bank south of Contractor’s hill; Culebra Cut, Empire; Looking south from west bank near Cunette; Looking North from West Bank; Culebra Cut Land slide with dredged at work; The Great Calubra Cut looking north; Pedro Miguel Locks operating gates to admit first boats to locks; Dredging fleet entering east chamber of lock; General view of lower locks, Miraflores; Spilling Miraflores under construction; Miraflores spillway dam, showing upstream side of dam; First boat through; Leaving west chamber of upper locks and entering Miraflores lake; Balboa terminals.
"In 1907 Roosevelt appointed George Washington Goethals as Chief Engineer of the Panama Canal. The building of the canal was completed in 1914, two years ahead of the target date of June 1, 1916. The canal was formally opened on August 15, 1914 with the passage of the cargo and passenger ship SS Ancon" (Wikipedia).


[Album of Sixty-Five Early Original Albumen Photographs of City Views and Scenic Sights from an Early Tourist's Travels through the United States and Canada Including Stops in Quebec, New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Colorado, Utah, California, etc, Including one of Titusville Showing the Oil Wells Developed During the First US Oil Rush].

Sept 16 1872 – Jan 18 1873. Oblong Folio ca. 26x35 cm (10 x 13 ¾ in). Sixty-five original albumen photographs, including 19 larger ones each ca. 9,5x17 cm (3 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) to ca. 16.5x22.5 cm (6 ½ x 8 ¾ in), the rest are each ca. 9x9.5 cm (3 ½ x 3 ¾ in) and smaller, mounted recto on 28 beige card stock album leaves. All but two photos captioned in period manuscript brown ink on mounts. Additionally, with twenty-three flower and plant samples found during the travels mounted on the album leaves, all but one captioned in period manuscript brown ink. Period style brown half morocco with gilt stamped spine titled “AMERICA ALBUM” with brown cloth boards. Overall a very good album with strong photographs.
This album contains interesting early photographs of American cities and tourist sights and the surrounding natural features from an early tourist’s travels through the United States with a few stops in Canada. The album includes several impressive large photographs including a photo of the oil wells and workers in Titusville, Pennsylvania (the first site of the US oil rush, 1859-1870s), a view of Salt Lake City with snow-covered mountains in the background, and a view of Lake George, NY which shows the SS Minnehaha. There are photos of San Francisco, 5th Street in St Louis, Denver and Chicago. Other sights of interest include the Niagara Suspension Bridge (opened for traffic in 1855), a hydraulic mining operation in Utah and the St Charles Hotel, New Orleans (the second building was completed in 1861). Additionally, there are photographs of natural features such as mountains and rocks in California (Yosemite Valley, Cathedral Rocks…) and Colorado (Sentinel Rock, Chimney Rock…). A very good album with strong photographs that visually document the early cities of North America.
Captions: Boston: Harbour; State House; Public Garden; Chapel Harvard; Washington Elm; Glen House: Base of Mt Washington; Tuckerman’s Ravine: Glen Notch; Falls of Montmorency; Lake George; Kays’ Conservatory Montreal; Trenton Falls; Niagara Suspension Bridge; Terrapin Tower and Horseshoe Fall; Oil Wells Titusville; Chicago; Wagner’s Drawing Room Car; Pullman’s Sleeping car; Devil’s Slide; Palisades; Snow shed Mt Aspen; Secret Town Bridge; View of Cape Horn; Kesler’s Peak, Meek’s Camp Utah; Hydraulic Mining; Salt Lake City; Clark’s Ranch; House built on a section of a tree; Yosemite Valley; Cathedral Rocks; Washington Mountain; Bridal Veil Fall; El Capitan; Half Dome; San Francisco; Denver, Colorado; Sentinel Rock; Chimney Rock; Grey’s Peak, St John’s; Quaker Rocks; St Louis 5th St; The Capitol, St Louis; Independence Hall; Interior of J.H. Philadelphia; Richmond, Washington; New Orleans St Charles Hotel; Bonaventure Cemetery.


[Typescript Documenting the Puget Sound Navigation Company Fleet, Illustrated with Thirty-nine Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Titled :] Fleet List & Inventory PUGET SOUND NAV. CO. 1935. [with 32 information typescript or manuscript slips ca. 18 x 12.5 cm (7 x 4 ¾ in.) and smaller, all but four stamped with date “Jul 29 1932.”] [and a seven-page document ca. 27.5 x 21.5 cm (11 x 8 ½ in.) titled “PUGET SOUND NAVIGATION COMPANY 1902-1954 FLEET LIST”].

1935. Quarto ca. 28.5x22 cm (11 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) with 39 gelatin silver photographs each ca. 11.5x8 cm (4 ½ x 3 ¼ in) mounted on recto of 31 paper leaves, and ca. 150 leaves of typescript printed recto only. Period beige flexible card wrappers titled “Fleet List & Inventory PUGET SOUND NAV. CO. 1935” with mild wear at extremities and staining on the lower back cover; photographs are strong and sharp.
The document contains detailed information about the fleet list and inventory of the Puget Sound Navigation Company’s twenty-four ships in 1935. The company was founded by Charles E. Peabody in 1898 and operated a fleet of steamboats and ferries on Puget Sound in Washington and the Georgia Strait in British Columbia, with a virtual monopoly over the sound in the 1930s. The typescript includes information about ship material(s), dimensions and the car and passenger capacity of each vessel, detailed mechanical information related to the engine, pumps, fans, motors, refrigerating equipment, switchboards, batteries, lights, boilers, and radiators, and a comprehensive list of the ship’s tool and equipment inventory. All of the ships are illustrated with 1-5 photograph(s) showing the exterior and/or interior of the vessel. The fleet list includes Kalakala, Chippewa, Iroquois, Olympic, Quillayute, Crosline, Rosario, Quilcene, Indianapolis, City of Angeles, Puget, Beeline, Washington, Sol Duc, Commanche, Aloha, Tacoma, City of Bremerton, Kulshan, Vashon, Bainbridge, Kitsap, Hiyu, and Manitou. Also included are information slips dated July 1932 which list additional details for each ship, such as the number of crew members, daily payroll, daily expenses, and insured value. Additionally, a document compiled in 1958 for the Puget Sound Maritime Historical Society is attached, which lists information about the entire fleet from 1902-1954, including the years of service of each ship, vessel dimensions and the reason for its leave from the fleet (e.g. Sold, scrapped, etc.).


WILLIAMS, Montgomery (ca.1885-1916)
[Two Albums with 199 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Ascension Island, Including the Laying of Cable for the Western Telegraph Company in 1910, Military Presence, Local Life, Buildings and Landscapes].

1910-13. Two albums with a total of 199 gelatin silver photographs including one panorama ca. 7x18,5 cm (2 ¾ x 7 ¼ in), twenty photographs between ca. 14x9 cm (5 ½ x 3 ½ in) and ca. 12x16,5 cm (5 ¾ x 6 ½ in), and the rest ca. 8x11 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ¼ in) and smaller, loosely mounted in windows or on leaves, the majority with period blue ink manuscript captions on the leaves. Also included is one drawing in period black ink ca. 13x20 cm (5x8 in) titled “Repairing Land Lines, Long Beach Ascension.” One oblong quarto album ca. 25x29,5 cm (9 ¾ x 11 ½ in) with 52 white album leaves. Period manuscript blue ink label on endpaper: “H. M. Island of Ascension 1910-1913.” Includes a newspaper clipping ca. 4,5x8,5 cm (1 ¾ x 3 ¼ in.) titled “Gold Ring On an Atlantic Isle” with manuscript note “Daily Mail 10th Oct./25.” Period gilt tooled blue half sheep with pebbled cloth boards. Some minor rubbing of extremities. Second album quarto ca. 24x16 cm (9 ½ x 6 ¼ in) with twelve brown stiff card leaves. White typescript label pasted on inside of front cover: “Ascension Island / 1910-1913 / Montgomery Williams / Royal Marines.” Period brown cloth boards with gilt title “PHOTOGRAPHS” on front cover. Overall, two very good albums with strong, sharp photographs.
These interesting albums contain nearly 200 photographs showing activities, buildings, people and landscapes of Ascension Island, and the laying of the island’s third telegraph cable. The photographs were taken and compiled by Montgomery Williams, a member of the British Royal Marines in the Royal Military Academy who documented his three years living on Ascension with his wife and young daughter. Particularly interesting are two photographs that show the laying of a telegraph cable in Comfortless Cove: men are pulling a long cable onto shore and placing it along a dugout trench on land. This occurred “in 1910 when CS Colonia laid 3145 nm of cable from St. Vincent - Ascension - Buenos Aires, Argentina, with CS Cambria assisting and CS Cormorant (2) laying the cable up the River Plate. This cable was the second longest telegraph cable to be laid.” Also visible is the small cabin which served as the cable hut, from which the lines went to Georgetown, buried along Long Beach (History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications). Additionally, the album contains some photographs of the military presence on the island, including views of the Admiralty College and a photograph of “Admiral Sir William Kennedy and some New Zealand officers ashore.” The photographs also show the everyday activities of people on the island, including hiking excursions, horseback riding, hunting and fishing, the arrival of the mail boat, as well as a sports event on Ascension Day. There are images showing the roads and horse-drawn carts, as well as natural landscape photographs including a large plain where numerous seabirds are seen nesting. There is also a photograph labeled “S.S. Norse Prince burning off Ascension Jan 1910,” showing a British steamship that caught fire just off the coast. Overall, a very good album showing the life of a Royal Marine Officer and his family living on Ascension Island during the early 1910s.
“Ascension Island is an isolated volcanic island in the equatorial waters of the South Atlantic Ocean. It was garrisoned by the British Admiralty from 22 October 1815 to 1922.” (Wikipedia)
Captain Montgomery Williams, R.M.A., was educated at Dulwich College and the Naval College, Greenwich, and entered the Royal Marines at the age of 17. He died while fighting in France during the first World War, in August 1916.
"At the outbreak of the Boer War in 1899 the only way to get a telegraph message from the UK to Cape Town was either via the west coast or the east coast of Africa, a slow and tedious journey. A quicker and more direct route was urgently required. The Eastern Telegraph Company contracted the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company to manufacture and lay the necessary cables, which were to link Cape Town - St. Helena - Ascension - St. Vincent, Cape Verde Islands. Messages were then routed over the Western Telegraph Company cables, St Vincent - Madeira - Carcavelos, Portugal, from there to Porthcurno they again travelled over the Eastern network. In 1901 the Eastern Telegraph Company contracted the same company to manufacture and lay cables from St Vincent to Madeira, 1130 nm, and from there a 1375 nm cable to Porthcurno. CS Anglia and CS Britannia (2) carried out the work. Another cable laid by CS Anglia in the same year was that from Ascension to Freetown, Sierra Leone, a distance of 1125 nm. This was to provide an alternative route in case of cable failure.” The cable shown in this album is the third telegraph cable reaching Ascension Island. (History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications)


[Album with Over 340 Gelatin Silver Snapshots and Albumen Studio Photographs, Compiled After a Voyage on the Bibby Line to Burma and India in 1902-1903 with a Stop in Sri Lanka, Showing Local People, Buildings and Views of the Suez Canal, Colombo, Kandy, Yangon, Mumbai, Madras and Kolkatta].

1902-1903. Oblong Small Folio ca. 25x32 cm (10 x 12 ½ in) with 342 photographs, including 10 large photographs each ca. 22x27,5 cm (8 ½ x 11 in), all but two are albumen prints signed by studio in negative “Peridis & Georgiladakis,” and one is signed “Harington & Norman,” 10 panoramas each ca. 5x17 cm (2 x 6 ¾ in), 16 photographs between ca. 10,5x15 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in) and ca. 16x23,5 cm (6 ¼ x 9 ¼ in) and the rest are snapshots, each ca. 8x10 cm (3x4 in) and slightly smaller. The vast majority are captioned in period manuscript ink or pencil on the leaves, or in negative by the studio and all but thirteen photographs are mounted on recto and verso of thirty-six beige stiff card album leaves. Additionally including a brief itinerary of the voyage in period manuscript blue ink on front endpaper. Period gilt tooled black half sheep with black pebbled cloth boards. Mild wear at album extremities and spine, mild foxing on some leaves and photographs, some photographs partially detached, but overall a very good album with strong, sharp photographs.
This album of over 340 photographs was compiled by Mary E. Carver after her voyage to Asia aboard the S.S. Warwickshire and the S.S. Shropshire, both steamships on the Bibby Line, and shows the people, buildings and views along the way, including sights in Sri Lanka, Burma and India. There are several photographs taken onboard the ships, showing the group of travelers and views from the deck. Additionally, a few photographs taken during a stop in Sri Lanka show the buildings, local people and shore of Colombo, and the Temple of Tooth in Kandy. A large portion of the album features sights in Rangoon [Yangon], Burma, including the wharf, native merchants in the street, Cantonment Gardens, the Gymkhana Club, and a “sacred lake.” Several of these photographs show the group travelling across the Bago river to have a picnic at the Syriam Pagoda, including the native people pushing the boats onto the shore as the travelers sit inside. There are also several views of Pagoda Hill on the way to the Shwedagon Pagoda and interesting snapshots showing the Pagoda under construction as a crowd of people stand and watch. Shwedagon Pagoda is considered the most sacred Buddhist pagoda in Myanmar, as it is believed to contain relics of the four previous Buddhas of the present kalpa (Wikipedia). Another large portion of the album shows places in India, including the streets and Great Western Hotel in Mumbai, government buildings and the Bank of Bengal in Madras, the banks of the Hooghly and native people bathing in the river, as well as the courts of Justice, cathedral, and Old Court Street in Kolkatta. There are also snapshots and larger studio photographs showing the passage through the Suez Canal, and some photographs showing the streets of Port Said. One of the studio photographs is a large portrait of a Sudanese soldier, signed “Peridis.” Overall, a very good album with strong, sharp photographs of people, buildings and views in Burma, India and Sri Lanka taken by an early passenger of the Bibby Line steamships.
The Bibby Line was founded in 1807 by the first John Bibby (1775–1840). It has operated in most areas of shipping throughout its 200-year history, and claims to be the oldest independently owned deep sea shipping line in the world (Wikipedia). “In 1893 Bibby Line was placed on the ‘Government Approved’ list. This gave the incentive to develop passenger accommodation on board the vessels” (Bibby Line Limited).
“Active from the 1860s to the 1890s, the Zangakis brothers were commercial photographers based in Egypt. The images these men created were not limited to Egypt alone but also included photographic work in Algiers and Palestine. The Zangakis brothers principally catered to the growing Western tourist market in the Near East.” (The National Herald).


22. [ASIA - CHINA]
FOSTER, W.W.(1875-1954)
[Album of Sixty-one Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of China including Photos of Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Canton and the Pearl River].

1924. Seven stiff card leaves pp. Sixty-one mounted matte gelatin silver photographs, most ca. 7.5x13.5 cm (3 x 5 ¼ in). Many images with manuscript white ink captions on album leaf mounts. Images mounted recto and verso on original black album leaves. Period style navy half morocco album with cloth boards. Overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
The strong and interesting images of China include sixteen images of Peking (Beijing) including "scenes on the way to Peking" street scenes and views of the Forbidden City etc.; Seven images of Shanghai including port and street scenes, horseless transportation etc.; Twelve images of Hong Kong including junks at Hong-Kong and Kowloon, Repulse Bay Hotel and Resort etc.; Twenty-six images of Canton and views taken during ninety mile voyage on the Pearl River taken from Hong Kong to Canton including Canton waterfront and street scenes, sampans on the Pearl River at Canton and Scenes on the Pearl River etc.., These photographs are from a collection of views by W.W. Foster from his voyage around the world in 1924 on board of RMS “Laconia” which left Los Angeles on the 31st of January 1924. W.W. Foster is most likely Major-General William Wasbrough Foster, a noted mountaineer, strike breaker, Conservative party politician, business man, army officer and chief constable in British Columbia, Canada.


23. [ASIA - INDIA]
[EDGE, Sir John] (1841-1926)
[Album with over 120 Original Albumen Photographs from the Private Archive of the Chief Justice of the High Court in Allahabad (British India), Showing Hunting Camps in the North-Western Provinces and Kashmir, Agra, Srinagar, Nainital Hill Station, Skardu and Sind Valleys, Shigar and Indus Rivers, Edge’s Family and House in Allahabad, Portraits of the Viceroy of India, Lieutenant Governor of the North Western Provinces and other British India Officials, Members of the 60th Volunteer Rifles in Allahabad, and Others].

Ca. 1888-1894. Oblong Folio (ca. 31,5x39 cm). Thirty beige card stock leaves. Over 120 mounted albumen prints of various size, including over twenty large photos ca. 22x28 cm (8 ¾ x 11 in); the rest are from ca. 15,5x21 cm (6x8 in) to ca. 3x3 cm (1 ¼ x 1 ¼ in). Most photos with black ink captions on the mounts; three views of the Suez Canal by Zangaki Brothers signed and captioned in negative. Period brown half morocco album with cloth boards and gilt tooled borders on the spine; all edges gilt. Binding rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, several images mildly faded, minor water stain on the inner side of the back cover not affecting the images; overall a very good album.
Interesting album from the family archive of Sir John Edge, Chief Justice of the High Court of North Western Provinces of British India in Allahabad (1886-98), the first vice-chancellor of the University of Allahabad (1887-93), a judicial member of the Council of India (1899-1908). “Holding office until 1898, Edge proved to be a capable leader of a court that included several other very talented judges. He also demonstrated considerable administrative skills, such as arranging for the codification of the court's rules and, between 1887-1893, serving as the first vice-chancellor of the University of Allahabad. He also headed the famine relief committee set up in response to the 1896 famine in India” (Wikipedia).
The album gives a picturesque illustration to the life of Edge’s family in Allahabad and Himalayan hill stations, proving the opinion that “when chief justice of Allahabad he [Edge] was notably hospitable. He was proficient with rod, rifle, and gun, and was a keen alpinist” (Oxford DNB). Interesting photos include several group portraits of family and friends in backcountry hunting camps during Christmas seasons of 1888, 1889, 1890, and 1891, showing Edge, his daughters and guests posing with hunted tigers, deer, bears, and leopards (“Dad’s tiger”, “E[thel]. Edge. Shot Feb. 14th/90” – standing next to a dead tiger); mounted on elephants, on a “Lunch in the jungles south west of Saktirgarh”, and others.
There are also interesting original photos of the Public Works office in Simla, Srinagar and the banks of the Jhelum River, Nainital hill station showing the results of the landslip in 1880, Baramulla town with the bridge over the Jhelum River, “The Residency” in Kashmir, “C. Spedding’s Camp” in the Himalayan foothills, Agra Fort, Taj Mahal, Tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah or “Baby Taj” in Agra, portraits of local villagers, boatmen, and others. Sixteen views taken during Edge’s hiking trips in Baltistan (modern-day Pakistan) show Skardu Valley, Shigar and Indus Rivers, Edge’s camps, glaciers, “Pony road on left bank of Indus”, Sind Valley, Zoji La mountain pass, and others.
Several group portraits show the officers of the 60th Regiment of Foot, or the King’s Royal Rifle Corps which Edge was in command of in Allahabad, one photo featuring him in the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. “He was an enthusiastic volunteer in the Inns of Court Rifles during his early days at the bar and later in India, where (as lieutenant-colonel) he commanded a battalion of the Allahabad rifle volunteers and was honorary aide-de-camp to the viceroy” (Oxford DNB). The album also houses a large group portrait of the graduates of the “School of Musketry, Deolali, Second Class, 1894”.
An interesting group portrait of British India officials and upper class residents was taken during the opening ceremony of the Dufferin bridge over the Ganges in Benares in 1888 (modern name: Malviya Bridge, Varanasi), and features: Lord Dufferin (Viceroy of British India in 1884-88), the Maharaja of Benares, Sir Donald Wallace (private secretary to Lord Dufferin in 1886-89), Sir Thomas Baker (military commander in Bengal in 1887-90), Sir Auckland Colvin (Lieutenant Governor of Indian North Western Provinces in 1887-92) with his wife and daughter, Sir John Edge (with his wife and daughter), Duke and Duchess of Montrose, and others. There are also group portraits from the wedding of Sir Auckland Colvin’s daughter in November 1891; a fancy ball on Christmas 1888, and others, many with detailed captions naming the people on photos (i.e. C. Spedding, R. Boothby, Strachey, Mr. Spankie, Miss Spedding, Mr. Malcomson).
The album houses a number of photos of Sir John Edge captioned as “Dad”, his wife Laura (nee Loughborough, 1848-1936) captioned as “Mother”, Edge’s daughters Ethel (1869-1934), Kathleen, and Helga (1885-1976), “Our House. Allahabad, 1889”, family horses and dogs, interiors of Edge’s residence; most likely the album was compiled or annotated by Edge’s son John (1873-96) who graduated from Cambridge and “was preparing for the Diplomatic Service when his health broke down, and the doctors sent him out to India”, where he died at the age of 23. (The Colonies & India, London, 12 September 1896, p. 16). The album opens with a large photo of Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company’s steamer Kaisar-i-Hind (I, 1878-1897), and five large views of the Suez Canal by Zangaki, probably acquired by John Edge on his way to India.
Overall a very interesting content rich album showing the life of the upper-class officials in British India.


24. [ASIA - INDIA]
[Album of Thirty-four Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Railways, People, and Buildings of North East India (Bihar and Uttar Pradesh States), Including Views of Gorakhpur, Kasia, Sonepur, Benares (Varanasi), etc.].

Ca. 1920s. Oblong Folio album ca. 25x33 cm (9 ¾ x 13 in) with 34 original gelatin silver photographs each ca. 13x20 cm (5 ¼ x 8 in), all mounted recto of grey stiff card leaves with one photograph mounted on stiff card that is inserted loosely in the pocket of the back cover. All but one numbered in period manuscript black ink on the leaves, with a corresponding list of captions in period manuscript black ink pasted on inside front cover. Period brown faux leather (cloth) album fastened with a string. Mild wear at extremities and spine but overall a very good album of strong and sharp photographs.
This album contains 34 original gelatin silver photographs showing excellent views of railways, local people, and building structures of India’s Bihar and Uttar Pradesh states during the 1920s. There are several photographs showing the railway infrastructure in the region, including views of train engines, the railway station in Sonepur, and the station and workshop powerhouse in Gorakhpur (the Gonda loop, running between Gorakhpur and Gonda, was constructed by the Bengal and North Western Railway by 1905). Particularly evocative are the different views of local people and customs, including one photograph showing Burmese priests standing in front of a temple, and another showing two Nepalese nuns in Kasia. There are also three interesting photographs showing the “Annual Mela” (a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather to bathe in a sacred or holy river) stopping in Sonepur on its way to the Ganges river, showing people riding elephants and a large group of people and cattle sitting in a field. Additionally, several photographs show interesting local buildings, such as a “Fakir’s hut on the Gangra river” (a hut on pylons above the water), multiple views of the sacred Marnikarnika Ghat in Varanasi with crowds of people bathing and the “burning ghat” in the background (during a cremation), and there is one photograph of the Golghar in Patna, a large dome-shaped granary ordered in 1784 by Warren Hastings, then Governor-General of India. Overall, a very interesting album with interesting, strong photographs that show the railway, local people and customs, and buildings in North East India during the 1920s.


[Album of Seventy-eight Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Documenting the Travels of an English Tourist Through Sumatra, Java and Bali Including many Images of Volcanoes]
Ca. 1928. Oblong Folio (ca. 27,5x40,5 cm). Nine green stiff album leaves. With 78 original mounted gelatin silver photographs, the majority ca. 10x14,5 cm (4 x 6 in) and slightly smaller and one panorama ca. 7x32 cm (3x13 in). Additionally with one printed postcard. Images mounted on recto and verso of album leaves. Many images with captions in black manuscript ink. Original green cloth album, Covers with some mild wear at extremities, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
The atmospheric images in this album start with views in northern and western Sumatra including ones of Mount Sibayak and Mount Sinabung from the town of Berastagi, with views of the Sibayak crater. Several photos show the Battak villages of Kabanjahe and Ambarita with local dwellings and locals pounding paddy. Then several views of Lake Toba including a three part panorama and views of the town of Parapat; views of Lake Singkarak; Lake Maninjau; Tarutung Bazaar; The photographer? standing besides the Equator marker; Mount Singgalang and Mount Marapi from Fort de Kock (Bukittinggi); The Harau Valley with local inhabitants; Bukit Lawang with Minangkabau houses and granaries; City of Sibolga with bay; Then the photos move to Central Java and Borobudur, the 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang including a series of detailed views of the stone carved reliefs of the temple; then a series of photos of an active Mount Bromo in Eastern Java with the Sand Sea, volcanic cone and crater; Finally the album finishes in Bali with the Drum Tower, Denpasar; Royal burial shrines, Temple gate; Rock Tomb Gunung Kawi; Ancestral Shrines and fountain; Mount Batur from Kintamani; Mount Batur Eruption 1926; Mount Batur lava flow 1928; Lake Batur. Overall an interesting album of Sumatra, Java and Bali which highlights not only people and cultural places but also some of the regions volcanoes.


26. [ASIA - JAPAN]
[Album of 125 Original Gelatin-Silver Photographs of Central Japan Including Nikko, Mount Nasu, Mount Asama, Kyoto, Kamakura etc., Showing Architecture, Landscapes, Temples and Local People etc.[With] Six Original Japanese Prints and two Original Watercolours].

1911. Oblong Folio (27x36 cm). 33 black album leaves pp. Collection of 125 gelatin silver prints, all but six mounted on recto and/or verso. Includes two photographs ca. 8,5x29 cm (3 ¼ x 11 ¼ in), seven ca. 9,5x14 cm (3 ¾ x 5 ½ in), six ca. 9x9 cm (3 ½ x 3 ½ in) and the rest 7,5x10 cm (3 x 4 in) or slightly smaller. Captions in period manuscript white ink on most leaves. Additionally over 10 photographs have been hand coloured. The collection also includes two studio albumen prints each ca. 21x25,5 cm (8 ¼ x 10 in) with captions in negative, Six original Japanese prints ranging from ca. 6,5x9,5 cm (2 ½ x 3 ¾ in) to ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in), and two original watercolours ca. 6,5x20 cm (2 ½ x 7 ¾ in). Period style black gilt tooled half morocco with black cloth covers. A couple of album leaves with some mild traces of moisture but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This album of unique private photographs compiled by (mostly likely) an English lady (several photos which show the photographer are captioned "self") shows a variety of locations in central Japan, including the topography, architecture and local scenes. Included are images of Nikko (over 20 photographs): Temple procession (6 photos); Monastery Garden (4 photos); Gangnam ga fuchi (4 photos); Japanese girls in Kimono (4 photos); Tomb of Shogun Leyasu; Nasu Dake (Mount Nasu): 20 photographs including crater, inn, Nasu village; Kyoto: 14 photographs including pagodas, Gion Shrine (Now Yasaka Shrine), Gion Procession, Teapot lane, Chionin Temple; Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture (over 10 photographs): Daibutsu (4 images); Beach (2 views); Hachiman Temple and Lotus Garden (4 images); Shrine; Trip to Mount Asama (15 images including Kawarayu, Shibukawa, Maebashi; 4 views of Asama Yama; Kusatsu); Chuzenji Lake (On the way (5 images); Lake (5 views); Lakeside hotel; 2 images of net fishing); Pack horse; 3 photographs of carts and drivers; planting rice; ploughing paddy; Yumoto Lake (2 views); Miyanoshita Onsen, Kanagawa Prefecture (Fujiya Hotel, White Japanese Cock).


[Album with Eithy-one Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Kashmir, Titled:] Kashmir Views. By Diwan Alim Chand, G.C.

Ca. 1900s. Oblong Large Folio (ca. 33x46 cm or 13x18 in). 30 stiff card leaves. With 81 mounted gelatin silver prints, including 41 large photos 20,5x28 cm (8 x 11 in), the rest are from ca. 10,5x15,5 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in) to ca. 13,5x20 cm (5 ¼ x 8 in). All photos with printed captions on the paper labels mounted under the images. Luxurious Handsome period black full morocco album with elaborate gold tooled borders on both boards and the spine; front board with gilt lettered title and gilt tooled coat of arms of the Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir; moiré endpapers, all edges gilt. Binder’s label attached to the upper corner of the front pastedown endpaper (“Bound at the Caxton Works, Bombay”). Front cover with minor scratches, some leaves with very minor chipping, a couple of photos with mild silvering, but overall a very good album.
A beautiful album in a period custom made presentation binding with unusual and interesting views of Kashmir taken by the official photographer of the Princely State Dewan Alim Chand. The album opens with ten views of Kashmir’s capital Jammu showing the suspension bridge across the Tawi River, the Prince of Wales College, the Raghunath Temple, public library and museum, Amar Mahal Palace, the town from the Fortress of Bahu, the Maharaja’s palaces, army headquarters, arcade round the octagonal spring at Verinag, and others. There is also a group of twenty-five views of Jhelum River, Srinagar and environs, showing Sri Pratap Sindh museum, the Residency, several city panoramas taken from the river, Sher Garhi Palace, Raja Hari Singh’s villa, Shah Hamdan Mosque, the barrage below Srinagar, Takht-e-Sulaiman Mountain, Hari Parbat Hill with the Durrani Fort, water reservoir at Harwan, silk factory (with the photos of the exterior, workmen boiling cocoons, dying silk fibres, reeling in silk, and a warehouse with the twisted bundles of silk ready for dispatch), Nishat Bagh garden, Shalamar Bagh, Nasim Bagh, and others. Very interesting is a group of 12 photos taken on the route to the Hindu Amarnath Cave Temple, including several pilgrims’ camps (at Aishmuqam village, Pahalgam, Chandanwari and Panj Tarni), Lidder River valley near Pahalgam, “the mountainous track leading to the cave of Amarnath,” Sheshnag Lake, entrance to the cave, the main object of worship – the Ice Lingam inside the cave, and Hatyara Talao Lake on the way back.
Other photos show the ruins of Awanti Swami Temple in Awantipora, Achhabal village, the chinar tree at Shadipur which is believed to be the confluence of rivers Indus (Sind) and Jhelum (Vitasta), Kheer Bhawani temple erected over a sacred spring in the Tul Mul village, Lake Manasbal, Wular Lake, Jhelum River at Baramulla, hydroelectric plant in Mohra (built in 1907), six views of Gulmarg (Kashmir Residency, palace of the Maharaja, the club, the bazaar, Raja Hari Singh’s quarters, the church and Nedou Hotel, Taru mountain at Ahal Parti); several views of Gandarbal (banks of the Sindh River with the ruins of the old bridge, the new bridge, and others), images of the upper Sindh River Valley, one of the ancient Vangata Temples, Lolab Valley, local artisans’ production (wood carving, silver & copper ware, papier-mâché), and others; the album closes with a well-known Alim Chand’s photo of “the stag in solitude.”
Dewan Alim Chand had a publishing house in Jammu, the capital of Kashmir (several publications can be found in Worldcat, dating 1876-1924), and in the 1890s took a series of views of Kashmir and portraits of its royalty in the capacity of the Princely State’s official photographer. He was mentioned in the list of the attendants of the 1911 Coronation Delhi Durbar as a “State photographer” of Kashmir (Coronation Durbar, Delhi 1911. Official Directory with Maps. Calcutta, 1911. Part 2. Civil and Central Camps, p. 215). This album with specially prepared printed captions and a luxurious decorative binding was most likely produced in a small copy run and given as a present to a high-ranking state official or British colonial administrator. An album with similar description (the same photographer, topic, and number of photos) was found in the collection of the National Army Museum (Chelsea, London).


[Album of 103 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Compiled by an British Officer in the 1st King's Dragoon Guards Cavalry Regiment During the Third Anglo-Afghan War].

1918-9. Oblong Octavo (16,5x22 cm). 12 grey thick album leaves with eight windows per leaf for inserted photographs. With 103 original mounted and inserted gelatin silver photographs, the majority ca. 5.5x8 cm (2 ½ x 3 ½ in). Images inserted in album leaf windows and mounted on paste downs. Most images captioned in manuscript in red ink. Original maroon cloth album, with gilt embossed title "Photographs" with pictorial border on front cover. One photograph removed and a signs of a couple of old tape marks, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
An interesting album documenting an officers life in the 1st King's Dragoon Guards during the Third Anglo-Afghan War, with images of military life at work and at rest, and many candid images of the people and places encountered. The album starts with a couple of portraits of the photographer and his bungalow in Meerut; Then there are images of Muttra (Peace celebrations, Dhobies, grass farm, wood-yard, group photos of British officers, bazaar, Jumna river scenes, cremation, drawing water, Indian village scenes, bullocks at work, Muttra church, bathing ghat, Bibbies (women), silver fox, A Squadron bungalow, mess tent, cleaning boys, bear dancing); Agra, Risalpur N.W. (Dopice railway bridge, Pontoon bridge, watering horses, Bibbies building, A & D Squadron, stables, water-tower, time-gun Pindi, Gharrie); Dakka (Horse line, River Kabul, camp, Cavalry Spur, Dhobies, Ghurdi, Afghans head; Sports (Battery R.H.A., wrestling on mules, best section turn out D. Squadron, winners D. Squadron)); Khyber Pass.
During the Third Anglo-Afghan War, "the regiment remained in garrison at Meerut until October 1918 when it exchanged stations with 21st (Empress of India's) Lancers and moved to Risalpur. On 2 May 1919 Afghan troops seized control of wells on the Indian side of the border. The Afghan Amir Amanullah was warned to withdraw, but his answer was to send more troops to reinforce those at the wells and to move other Afghan units to various points on the frontier. The regiment was mobilised on 6 May and formed part of the British Indian Army's 1st (Risalpur) Cavalry Brigade. It served throughout the Third Anglo-Afghan War and saw action at the Khyber Pass. At Dakka – a village in Afghan territory, north west of the Khyber Pass– on 16 May, the regiment made one of the last recorded charge by a British horsed cavalry regiment as it was already apparent the old world would be giving way to mechanisation" (Wikipedia).


[Album with over 330 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Early Ranches and Towns in the Canadian Prairies, Including Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan Documenting the Early Settlers and Their Life].

1911-12. Oblong Folio album ca. 28,5x42 cm (11 ¼ x 16 ½ in). Total of 332 original gelatin silver photographs including two panoramic views measuring ca. 5,5x29 cm (2 ¼ x 11 ¼ in) and ca. 5x16 cm (2 x 6 ¼ in), one larger photograph ca. 11,5x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in), fifteen medium photographs each ca. 8x13 cm (3x5 in) and the rest are each ca. 8x10,5 cm (3x4 in) and smaller, all but two mounted on recto of total of 48 stiff brown, green or purple album leaves. The vast majority are captioned in period manuscript black ink on the photographs. Period brown quarter morocco album with gilt tooled spine and green pebbled cloth boards, mild wear at the album’s spine and extremities and binding a bit loose, but overall a very good album of strong sharp photographs.
This album shows people, activities and animals on ranches and early towns views in Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan from 1911-1912. The album was compiled by a French traveler after his two-year travels to the Canadian prairies, with a note on the inside cover: “from your older brother in memory of a perfect bachelors’ household and the two best years of my life.” The majority of the photographs show activities on ranches including the P. Tenaille Ranch, the Forest Hills Ranch, the Range Ranch, and the Lasaale Ranch. Included are photographs of ranchers rounding up their horses, working in the corral, training horses, and hunting for game. There are also numerous views of the properties (such as the two panoramic views from Forest Hills Ranch and one photo of Forest Hills from 1908), houses, gardens, farming tools and animals. One portrait is captioned “Major Daniel Tenaille,” who was a member of the Canadian Infantry Saskatchewan Regiment (fallen in 1915 and buried in Pas-de-Calais, France) and was likely related to the owners of the Tenaille ranch. Additionally, there are photographs taken during travels to northern Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta by car, horse-drawn cart, horse-drawn sleighs and dog sleds. These include over twenty photographs of the town of The Pas, Manitoba, where the railroad and town were developed during the early 1900s and the town was incorporated in 1912. Some images show The Pas hotel, the “Dreamland” cinema, and several views of Fischer Avenue buildings, including a dentist, watchmaker and jeweler business, and Hudson Bay trading office. There are six photographs showing the houses and train at Dumas, SK and some photos of people fishing at the nearby “Jew Lake.” There are also views of Kennedy, SK, Lethbridge, AB, one street in Calgary, winter fishing at Fish Lake near Moose Mountain, AB, Vattel Lake, the Rocky Mountains and Banff, AB. Interesting are several photographs of the Hudson Bay railway including the construction of a bridge over the Saskatchewan river. Also included are photographs of the port in New York where the traveler arrived and/or departed by steamship, and one photograph of a traveler on a steamship in 1911. Overall, a strong album that documents life in the Canadian prairies in 1911-1912.


[Collection of Thirty-eight Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Newfoundland Showing Saint John's, Rural Towns and Villages and Sealing And Fishing Operations].

Ca. 1910. The collection includes 38 gelatin silver photographs ca. 8x13,5 cm (3,5x5,5 in) and slightly smaller. Overall the strong images are in very good condition.
This interesting collection includes images of Saint John's (5) including three images of a fire being put out at Baird, Gordon and Co. in 1908, images of the waterfront department store Ayre and Sons Ltd and images of shipping in the port; Rural Newfoundland Towns and Villages (17) including town scenes, rail lines, a church and bays and capes; Sealing and Fishing (11) including the S.S. Florizel (5) in ice and with passengers and the fishing boat Annie Clutett from Garnish (2), etc; Family photos of a wealthy Newfoundland family (5). "SS Florizel, a passenger liner, was the flagship of the Bowring Brothers' Red Cross Line of steamships and one of the first ships in the world specifically designed to navigate icy waters.[1] During her last voyage, from St. John's to Halifax and on to New York, she sank after striking a reef at Horn Head Point, Cape Race near Cappahayden, Newfoundland, with the loss of 94 including Betty Munn, a three-year-old girl, in whose memory a statue of Peter Pan was erected at Bowring Park in St. John's" (Wikipedia).


[Album with 124 Original Photographs of Vancouver and its Surroundings, Illustrating Summer Activities of Early Vancouverites].

Ca. 1900s. Oblong Quarto (ca. 20x25 cm). 38 black stock leaves. With 124 mounted gelatin silver prints (including one loosely inserted), from ca. 9,5x12 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ¾ in) to ca. 5,5x7,5 cm (2x3 in). Original soft brown sheep album fastened with a string and with a decorative drawn portrait of an American Indian and a manuscript title “Photographs. Vancouver, B.C.” on the front cover. Covers slightly rubbed, several images with some fading, several with minor losses on the margins, one photo cut out together with the mount; overall still a good album.
Lively private photograph album illustrating early life in Vancouver and its surroundings. Interesting images include large photos of the first Hotel Vancouver and the second CPR station, two scenes at a salmon cannery showing the workers with the catch and piles of closed cans, images of coastal steamers, private houses and gardens, street views (showing wooden pave walks); numerous portraits of Vancouverites enjoying summer trips, biking, fishing, swimming or staying at the beach, going on boat trips or taking steamers et al. The album ends with four photographs of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the Rockies. Overall an attractive documentation of early life in Vancouver.


[Album of Twenty-eight Original Albumen Photographs Showing the Destruction in St Pierre from the 1902 Mount Pelée Volcanic Eruption and Images of Fort de France Titled:] Souvenir de la Catastrophe de la Martinique 8 Mai 1902.

1902. Oblong Folio (ca. 23x37 cm). 31 beige stiff card album leaves. 28 albumen photographs with 18 larger photos ca. 16,5x23 cm (6 ½ x 9 in) and 10 smaller photos ca. 11x15,5 cm (4 ¼ x 6 ¼ in) mounted on recto of leaves, each with period French manuscript brown and black ink captions and dates mounted underneath photograph. Later red buckram cloth album. Photographs and original labels mounted on later albums leaves, some photos mildly faded but overall a very good album.
This album contains photographs that show the devastation of the Mount Pelée eruption of May 8th 1902, which killed approximately 30,000 people, 15 percent of Martinique’s population at the time (Britannica). It also contains some images of the rebuilding efforts that occurred after the eruption. Twenty photographs show buildings, streets and views of St Pierre, several of which show cadavers in the debris. Three large images show a general view of the region and the evolution of the landscape from May to October 1902. Three large photographs show the destruction of the interior and exterior of the cathedral. Also interesting are “before and after” images of the cemetery. Eight photographs show Fort de France, including the arrival of numerous disaster refugees (the city received approximately 6,000 refugees which led to the building of new neighbourhoods). Another photograph shows reconstruction work after a fire (likely the large 1890 fire that destroyed a portion of Fort de France). Also included are two images of Spanish boats likely returning from the Spanish-American war in Cuba.
List of Photos: St Pierre: La Montagne Gelée Entre Grand Rivière et Basse Pointe; Villa St Pierre rue Lucy; Vue Générale (Mai 1902); Vue Générale (Juin 1902); Saint Pierre Actuel (Octobre 1902); Façade de la Cathédrale; Intérieur de la Cathédrale; La Cloche de la Cathédrale; Théatre de St Pierre; Cimetière du Mouillage avant la catastrophe; Cimetière du Mouillage après la catastrophe; Cadavre Place Bertin; Cadavres “Chemin de l’Ans”; L’Intendance; Défilé du 14 Juillet (5eme compagnie d’ouvrier de Fort de France); La Chambre de Commerce; Rhumerie Knigth; Batterie Ste Marthe; La Vierge des Marins; Fort de France: Fort de France; Arrivée des Sinistrés après la première éruption; Escale Espagnole après la guerre de Cuba; L’Intendance; Travaux de Reconstruction Rue St Louis après l’incendie; Aviso Espagnol; Navire le “Groëland”; Basfin de Radoub.


[Album of Forty-seven Large Original Collotype Photographs Including Five Panoramas of Southern Greece titled:] Grece.

Ca. 1890. Oblong Folio album ca. 27x37 cm (10 ¾ x 14 ½ in). 47 original Collotype photographs including 5 large panoramas ca. 21x56,5 cm (8 ¼ x 22 ¼ in) to 21x88,5 cm (8 ¼ x 34 ½ in) and 42 large photographs ca. 21,5x28 cm (8 ½ x 11 in), mounted on recto and/or verso of 24 stiff board leaves ca. 25,5x34,5 cm (10 x 13 ½ in), each captioned, numbered and/or signed in negative by the studio or in print on back of photograph. Period dark brown gilt titled full morocco album. Album with some minor bumping at extremities but overall in very good condition with strong sharp photographs.
This album contains a series of large very sharp, strong photographs showing ancient and contemporary sights and views near the south coast of Greece, including Athens, Nafplio, Pirée, Corinth and Delphi. Twenty images show the Acropolis, including several views of the Parthenon, the amphitheater, the Temple of Zeus, and the Tower of Winds. Five images show sights in Athens, including two views of the city, the Greek Parliament, the current Historical Museum of Athens (Former parliamentary building) and the Hotel de la Grande-Bretagne (bought and restored after 1874 by Efstathios Lampsas). There is an interesting image showing a boat traversing the Corinth Canal which was only completed in 1893. There are also five photographs of ancient ruins at the Mycenae archeological site. The panoramic views in this album show Nafplio (“Neuplie”), Delphi, Pirée, the Olympia archeological site and Athens.
Captioned Photographs: Panorama du Pirée; Panorama d’Athènes; Panorama d’Olympie en 3 pièces; Panorama de Neuplie; Vue générale de l’Ancienne Delphes.


CUCCIONI, Tommaso (ca. 1790-1864)
[Album of Fifteen Early Large Original Albumen Photographs by Tommaso Cuccioni (ca. 1790-1864) Showing the Monuments and Architecture of Rome].

Ca. 1859. Oblong Folio ca. 34x46 cm (13 ¼ x 18 in) with fifteen large original albumen photographs each ca. 22,5x31,5 cm (8 ¾ x 12 ¼ in) mounted recto one per page on beige album leaves, each captioned in period manuscript pencil. Period red quarter sheep with red pebbled cloth boards with gilt title “Rome”, with marbled endpapers and blind stamp “Fotografia Cuccioni Roma via Condotti 10” on each leaf. Mild wear at album extremities and spine, and some dust staining on covers, front hinge with a crack at bottom of spine, but overall an album with large strong and sharp photographs.
This album contains fifteen large photographs of important historical monuments and architectural sights in Rome, produced by Tommaso Cuccioni (ca. 1790-1864) an early Italian photographer who held a studio on Condotti Street in Rome. Photographs included: Le Tibre, Fort St. Ange; Fort St. Ange; Le Capitole; Cour du Capitole; Le Forum; Ruines du Palais des Césars; Le Colysée; Intérieur du Colysée; Forum de Trajan; Temple de Vessa; Vieux Théâtre de Marcellus; Fontaine de Trévi; Château d’eau; Statue de Moïse par Michel Ange, Eglise de St Pierre aux Liens; Eglise de St Pierre (Cortège du Pape).
“Beginning in 1852 Cuccioni became a photographer and specialized in large format views of Rome's ancient monuments. In 1859 Cuccioni exhibited for the first time at the Société Français de Photographie in Paris with his mammoth images, and received critical acclaim. The manufacture of mammoth images was very expensive to produce, and only the wealthy on their Grand Tour could afford them. Today only a few examples can be found in public and private collections. Cuccioni's albumen prints are seldom available on the art market.” (Bonhams). “Of the slow, but inexorable, passage from engraving to photography, [Cuccioni] can be considered an emblematic character.” (Translated from Treccani).


ARNOUX, Hippolyte (active 1859-1888)
[Album with Twenty-three Large Original Albumen Photographs Including Two Panoramas by Hippolyte Arnoux Showing the Newly Completed Suez Canal (1869) with Views of Port Said and Ismaïlia].

Ca. 1869. Oblong folio album ca. 36x46 cm (14x18 in) with 23 large original albumen photographs including two panoramas ca. 18,5x81 cm (7 ¼ x 32 in) and ca. 18,5x78 cm (7 ¼ x 30 ¾ in), one very large photograph ca. 32x43,5 cm (12 ¾ x 17 in), and the rest each ca. 22x26,5 cm (8 ½ x 10 ½ in), mounted on recto of stiff white card leaves, all but three captioned in French and nine signed in negative by the studio. Original publishers red quarter morocco with pebbled cloth boards gilt titled “Album du Canal de Suez / H. Arnoux Phot. / Port – Said” with marbled endpapers. Some wear at extremities and spine and slight discoloration of album boards around edges, but overall a very good album with strong, clear photographs.
This album contains twenty-three original albumen photographs of sights along the Suez Canal and views of Port Saïd and Ismaïlia. There are two large, fully mounted panoramic views, including one showing the Canal and Port Said. Also included is one portrait of Ferdinand Lesseps (1805 – 1894), the French diplomat who developed and led the construction of the Suez Canal, and one photographic map of the canal. Overall, an excellent album with large views along the Suez Canal, as well as Port Saïd and Ismaïlia.
Photograph captions: Pirée à jetée Ouest (Port Said); Place de Lessepa ; El Kantara (Choute de Syrie) ; Gare d’El Ferdanne ; Courbe d’El Girsh ; Chalet du Vice-Roi à l’entrée du Lac de Timsak ; Fonction du Canal au Lac Timsak ; Quai Mehemet Ali (Ismaïlia) ; Palais du Khedive ; Lac Timsak ; Chalet de Ferdinand de Lesseps (Ismaïlia) ; Kabut el Souek, Lacs Amers ; Gare Guillaumet ; Courbe du Canal à Chalouf ; Panorama de Suez ; Embouchure du Canal de Suez ; Rade de Suez ; Bassin de Chadoub Suez ; Buste du Lieutenant Waghoui au terre-plein de Suez ; Fontaine de Moïse (Suez) ; Canal Maritime de Suez.
Hippolyte Arnoux (active ca. 1860 - ca. 1890) was a French photographer and publisher. During the 1860s, he documented the excavation of the Suez Canal and published the resulting photographs as Album du Canal de Suez. (Wikipedia). “The Suez Canal, is a large, artificial maritime canal in Egypt west of the Sinai Peninsula. It is 101 miles long and 984 feet wide at its narrowest point, running between Port Said on the Mediterranean Sea, and Suez (al-Suways) on the far northern shore of the Red Sea… In 1854 and 1856, Ferdinand de Lesseps, a former French diplomat with friendly connections with Egyptian authorities, obtained a concession from Said Pasha, the Ottoman viceroy of Egypt, to create a company to construct a maritime canal open to ships of all nations, according to plans created by Austrian engineer Alois Negrelli. The company was to operate the canal by leasing the relevant land for 99 years from its opening, for navigation purposes only. The Suez Canal Company came into being on December 15, 1858.” (Revolvy)


[Album with 112 Gelatin Silver Photographs of a British Desert Campaign at Egypt’s Western Frontier in 1915 (Pre-Formation of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, Assembled by General Archibald Murray), Showing the Life of Soldiers in Camps and During Marches, Native Villages and People, and Views in Mersa Matruh, Gezireh, Cairo, Abbassia and Alexandria.]

1915. Oblong Folio album ca. 21x33 cm (8 ¼ x 13 in) with 112 original black and white and sepia gelatin silver photographs mounted loosely in windows on recto and verso of 10 green stiff card leaves (album has 25 leaves total), all but 4 captioned and two dated in period manuscript ink on the leaves. Period green gilt tooled half sheep with green cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Very mild wear at album corners and head and foot of spine, one minor scrape at foot of spine, some images mildly faded and ca. 16 photographs with mild foxing, but overall a very good album with strong, sharp photographs.
This album with 112 original photographs shows military activities, villages, and local people during a 1915 British desert campaign in Egypt, likely the Western Frontier Force (part of the Force in Egypt). The Western Frontier Force was formed on 20 November 1915 under Major-General Alexander Wallace, C.B and concentrated at Mersa Matruh, beginning operations against the Senussi in late 1915. The Force in Egypt, along with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, became part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) on 10 March 1916 under General Archibald Murray, who appears in two of the photographs, inspecting the South African troops on horseback. The album also contains interesting photographs of the “Soudanese Camel Corps” and “the Dorset Yeomanry in the Desert near Cairo,” who were deployed to Egypt in 1915, then participated in the Dardanelles campaign (Wikipedia). Two photographs show the aftermath of a battle at Um Rakkum, including the “red cross wagons bringing in the wounded.” There are numerous photographs of life in soldiers’ barracks and camps, including one photo taken on Christmas morning 1915. Also included are numerous photographs of native people and villages, with a series of images showing native fishermen, and the portrait of a native “water seller.” Additionally, 10 views at the beginning of the album show the soldiers before their arrival in Egypt, in Kings Lynn and Rusham (UK) and Valetta Harbour (Malta). A very interesting album with strong photographs showing military activity, the life of British soldiers, and Indigenous people in Egypt during the First World War.
Photographs include: Abbassia Barracks Cairo; The Officers Mess at Gezireh; The Citadel Hospital at Cairo; a photo of named soldiers on Horseback at the Pyramid of Cheops (Sergeant Hobbs, Corporal Hawkins, Sergeant Hansford, Sergeant Cox, and Private Makin); Kasr El Nil Barracks Cairo; Native Fisherman and fishing techniques; The Sultan of Egypt going to Prayer; Army Camp at Chat near Alexandria; Exercising Horses at Abbassia; The Camel Corp Abbassia; Gun emplacement at Abbassia; Soldiers in the Morattam Hills; Mena Camp near Cairo; Watering the Horses at an Oasis; Trekking in the Desert; on trek on the Khedivial Road on the Western front of Egypt; Matruh Camp; The Soudanese Camel Corps; The First Casualty at Um Rakkum; Red Cross Wagons bringing in the Wounded at Un Rakkum December 13th 1915; Digging in at Um Rakkum; Hospital Ship at Matruh; Landing Horses at Matruh; camp at Matruh 1915; Sikhs washing at Alexandria; Caves at Matruh; Troops relaxing on Christmas Day 1915 at Matruh; The Departure of a Column from Matruh Camp; South African Scottish troops in Egypt; South African Scottish with Springbok Mascot and Pipers; A Brigade of South Africans on Parade; General Archibald Murray and Staff inspecting South Africans Sidi Bishr Alexandria; Soldiers after being fumigated; Changing camp at Sidi Bashr; Gibraltar; The Troop Ship HMAT Orsava; The Troop Ship HMAT Lake Michigan; The Cook House at Matruh


[Album With 53 Original Photographs of Egypt Compiled by Millie & Hamilton Johnstone from Dec. 1918 - Jan. 1919].

1918-9. Oblong Octavo (14x21 cm). 27 gray card leaves. With 53 mounted postcard sized gelatin silver prints each ca. 8,5x13,5 cm (3.5x5.5 in), many with detailed captions in pencil on mounts. With an ownership inscription in black ink on the front free fly-leaf. Period brown blind stamped cloth album. Rebacked in style, but overall in very good condition with interesting strong images.
This album documents a winter Nile voyage from Luxor to Aswan and includes images of Karnak (13) including Sacred Lake, Avenue of Sphinx, entrance to big temple, gateway, great hall, pillars, statues and reliefs; Thebes (20 including Colossi of Memnon, Tombs of Kings and Queens with many interior views of reliefs and wall paintings etc.; Aswan (20) including Temple of Kolumbo with reliefs, Philae, First Cataract, early view of dam, local people and their settlements, etc. Overall an interesting tourist album of Upper Egypt during the time of Howard Carter's famous excavations.


[Album with Fifty-five Original Albumen Photographs of Istanbul and Bursa, Including a Large Ten-Part Panorama of Istanbul].

Ca. 1890s. Folio album (ca. 38x27 cm or 14 ¾ x 10 ½ in). 32 stiff card leaves (3 blank). With a ten-part albumen photo panorama of Constantinople ca. 238,5x19,5 cm (94 x 7 ¾ in), dissected, mounted on linen put together in accordion-like manner; and 54 mounted albumen prints, ca. 20,5x26,5 cm (8 x 10 ½ in). All but one or two captioned, numbered and signed “Sebah & Joailler” in negatives, some additionally dated in negative (“1894”). Handsome period maroon full sheep album decoratively blind stamped, gilt tooled decorative borders on both boards and gilt lettered owner’s initials "V.F.B" on the front board; moiré endpapers, all edges gilt. Album slightly rubbed, but overall a very good album of strong images.
Attractive album with unusual and interesting photos taken by the important Istanbul studio of Jean Sebah (1872-1947) and Polycarpe Joailler (1848-1904) - official photographers of the Ottoman Sultan since 1899. It includes thirty-one attractive views of Istanbul and twenty-four photos of Bursa, the ancient second capital of the Ottoman Empire, located in northwestern Anatolia at the foot of Mount Uludag – the ancient Mysian Olympus. The album opens with a stunning panorama of Istanbul (Constantinople) taken from the top of the Galata Tower, showing a densely built city, laying on both shores of the Strait of Bosphorus and the Inlet of Golden Horn, Old and New Galata Bridges, Seraglio Point with the Topkapi Palace, the building of the Ottoman Bank (constructed in 1890-1892), Hagia Sophia, the Süleymaniye Mosque and other sites of Istanbul’s historic peninsula. The other thirty photos of Constantinople show the British embassy in Therapia (Tarabya), Seraglio Point, Golden Horn taken from the Pera Palace Hotel, New and Old Galata Bridges, Galata Tower, Tophane district and Nusretiye Mosque, Dolmabahçe Palace on the shore of the Bosphorus, Yıldız Palace and Hamidiye Mosque, Yedikule Fortress, Sultan Ahmed Mosque and the Hippodrome, Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Mosque, Hagia Sophia, interiors of the Süleymaniye Mosque and Hagia Sophia, a close-up portrait of a Turkish couple, and others. The twenty-four views of Bursa include several panoramas of the city with the Grand Mosque of Bursa and Mount Uludag in the background, five views of Bursa Bazaar with the sellers posing in front of their small shows, photos of the Muradiye Mosque, Sultan Orhan’s Tomb, interiors of the Grand Mosque and Bayezid I Mosque, façade, entrance and interior of the Green Mosque, and others.
“Constantinople-based photographic studio Sebah & Joaillier formed from a partnership between Joannes (Jean) Pascal Sebah and Policarpe Joaillier which dates only from 1890, but from its establishment, took over the marketing of the catalogue of fine images produced in Turkey and Egypt by Pascal Sebah. Sebah operated a studio in Constantinople from the 1860s, and also worked in Egypt from 1873. The same images, therefore, have been marketed by the studio at various times as being the work of P. Sebah, J.P. Sebah, or Sebah & Joaillier. Following Pascal Sebah’s death in 1886, the Turkish studio was operated by his brother Cosimi for a time, who also trained Pascal’s son in the art of photography. Joannes, known as Jean, reputedly joined the business aged 16, took it over at aged 18, and immediately entered into a partnership with Policarpe Joaillier. Joaillier returned to France in 1910, but with subsequent partners, Jean Sebah remained actively involved with the studio until 1943. From the 1870s, Sebah, and later Sebah and Joaillier, were major subjects of evocative imagery to the increasing number of people to undertook the Victorian Grand Tour. Their studio images of Egyptians and Nubians in “traditional” costumes and undertaking “traditional” tasks were highly popular, and indeed had been Pascal Sebah’s Les Costumes Popularies de la Turquie published to critical acclaim in 1873” (Hannavy, J., ed. Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography. Vol. 1, New York, 2008, p. 1261). The studio became the official photographers of the Ottoman Sultan in 1899.


[Album with ca. 160 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Taken During a German Archaeological Expedition to the Ancient Greek Sites of Ephesus, Priene, Miletus, and Didyma in the 1920s].

Ca. 1920. Oblong Quarto ca. 26x35,5 cm (10x14 in) with ca. 160 original gelatin silver photographs, including 16 larger photos ca. 11,5x16,5 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in) and the rest ca. 7x10,5 cm (2 ¾ x 4 in) and smaller; photos mounted recto and verso of 24 black stiff card leaves, the vast majority with period manuscript white ink captions in German on the mounts. Period style black gilt tooled half morocco with cloth boards. A few images with some mild silvering, otherwise a very good album.
Historically interesting photo album taken by a member of a German archaeological expedition to the ancient Greek sites of Ionia on the coast of the Aegean Sea (modern western Turkey). The expedition visited the ruins of Ephesus, Priene and Miletus, as well as Didyma – the site of one of the most famous temples and oracles of Apollo in the Hellenic world. The album opens with over forty photos of Ephesus (the ancient Roman capital of proconsular Asia, and one of the seven churches of Asia that are cited in the Book of Revelation), showing the Basilica of St. John (constructed by Justinian I in the 6th century), the Great Theatre, the site of the Temple of Artemis, the Cave of the Seven Sleepers, marble plates paving the Arcadian Street, general views of the city and the port. Over thirty views of Priene show panoramas of the ruins, the theatre (with some close-up photos of fine details of the seats and a carved Greek text), the Temple of Athena, the Gymnasium (with the photo of the baths), and the Bouleuterion (a meeting hall in the center of the city, next to the Prytaneion, built in ca. 200 BC). About twenty photos of Miletus show the theatre, the Delphinion (Sanctuary of Apollo Delphinios, built in the 6th century BC), the Market Gate, and the Baths of Faustina (built around the middle of the 2nd century in honor of the empress Faustina, wife of Marcus Aurelius). The album finishes with about forty excellent images of the Didymaion or the Temple of Apollo in Didyma, showing general views of the site and its different parts, and interesting close-up images of the bas-reliefs, carvings on the columns, a stone-carved Medusa head, and others. Several images show the expedition members at different sites – apparently, the scientists from the German Archaeological Institute, posing to the camera or studying the ruins; seven photos depict the transportation of the expedition car and Turkish camels across the Büyük Menderes River on the way to Miletus. There are also interesting images of the 15th-century Ilyas Bey Mosque in Miletus, Akköy village, portraits of Turkish women weaving straw near Miletus, villagers, children et al. Overall, a very interesting album documenting German archaeological field research in Western Turkey in the 1920s.


[Album with 120 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Officers and Soldiers of the 23rd and 24th Battalions of the Australian Army on a Voyage to Egypt and Thence to Gallipoli on board HMAT “Euripides” in May 1915, Going through the Suez Canal and Disembarking in Alexandria; Also with Portraits of the Captain and Crew Members of the “Euripides”].

1915. Oblong Quarto (ca. 23x29 cm). Twenty-four green card stock leaves. 120 mounted gelatin silver prints, from ca. 5x12 cm (2 x 4 ¾ in) to ca. 7,5x10 cm (2 ¾ x 3 ¾ in). All images with white pencil captions on the mounts. Original grey full cloth album with gilt lettered title “Photographs” on the front cover. Binding mildly rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, a few images with mild silvering, but overall a very good album with bright sharp photos.
Historically interesting album with a detailed visual account of the transportation of the 23rd and 24th battalions of the Australian Army from Sydney to Alexandria in May-June 1915 on board His Majesty’s Australian Transport A14 “Euripides”. The album was compiled by a crew member and opens with a photo of the ship in Farm Cove, Sydney. There are four more views of Sydney harbor, and several photos taken in Melbourne (SS “Palermo” at the town pier, two views of the troops’ embarkation, “Euripides” leaving pier, and two views of the soldiers at the poop).
Over forty images taken on board HMAT “Euripides” include portraits of the officers and soldiers of the Australian Army: first commander of the 23rd battalion Lt. Colonel George Frederick Morton, Captain Macrae Stewart (Chaplain), Major Knox, Lieuts. Main and Hain; group portraits of the officers (23rd and 24th battalions), buglers (23rd battalion), machine gun squad (23rd battalion), sergeants; soldiers on the # 3 troop deck, in “No. 1. Hospital Poop”, during a “signaling lecture”, playing cards, chess or tug of war, boxing, training bayonet fighting and singlesticks; musicians of “the scratch band”, “pay day, 24th Battn.”, horses in stables on board, “The Band. 24th Battn.”, “Pipers & Drums, 23rd Battalion”, “Machine guns mounted for Canal”, “24th Band practice”; there are also portraits of the ship’s Captain Douglas, officers, engineers, a mate, a radio operator in the “Marconi room”, and sailors loading a gun on the deck.
Over forty images show the ship in Egypt: going through the Suez Canal (SS “Ulisses”, Red Cross SS Syria“, Canal entrance, “Highland Monarch”, views of the banks, entrance to Bitter Lakes, stations, French cruiser at Ismailia, El Kintara), in Port Said (HMAT “Euripides” in the port, native boats, Canal Offices, bumboats, De Lesseps monument) and Alexandria (six photos of the troops disembarking and loading to the trains; children on the Alexandria streets, water carrier, old irrigation well, and others). There are also images of the Colombo harbour, Malta (harbour, HMS “Albion”, troopship “Marquet”, French cruiser), Gibraltar and “disembarking convalescents” at Plymouth (“Euripides” arrived there in the end of June 1915). Overall an important album showing Australia’s contribution to the European theatre of the Great War.
“The 23rd Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army. <…> [It was] raised in Victoria in March 1915 as part of the formation of the 2nd Division of the Australian Imperial Force(AIF). Its first commanding officer was Lieutenant Colonel George Morton. Together with the 21st, 22nd and 24th Battalions, it formed the 6th Brigade under the command of Colonel Richard Linton. Organized into four rifle companies, designated 'A' through to 'D', with a machine gun section in support, the Australian infantry battalion of the time had an authorized strength of 1,023 men of all ranks. After completing initial training at Broad meadows, in May 1915 the 23rd embarked upon the troopship Euripides bound for Egypt. They arrived in Alexandria on 11 June and after being moved by train to Cairo they marched to a camp at Heliopolis where they undertook further training in preparation for deployment to Gallipoli, where the units of the1st Division had landed on 25 April 1915” (Wikipedia).


[Album of Thirty-six Early Albumen Photographs of Various Cities and Towns in the Australian State of Victoria Titled in Gilt on Front Cover:] Photographic Views of Victoria.

Ca. 1880. Quarto (ca. 27x22,5 cm). Thirty-six stiff card leaves pp. With thirty-six mounted albumen photographs each ca. 16x22 cm (6.5x8.5 in). All captioned in pencil on mounts. With a presentation inscription on front free fly leaf: "A Souvenir of Victoria to Mrs. Rose from A. & S. Th . Melbourne, 4th of January 1882. Period black decoratively gilt tooled full sheep album. Rebacked in style. A few photographs mildly faded but overall a very good collection of interesting early photographs.
The Victorian Gold Rush of the 1850s and 60s led to a significant economic and population expansion in Victoria and the rivalry with New South Wales resulted in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880 which was the first official World's Fair in the Southern Hemisphere. This interesting collection of early photographs of the towns and cities in post gold rush Victoria documents the development of the state at that time and includes images of: the Melbourne International Exhibition; Interior Opening Day; West Melbourne from Exhibition Dome; Independent Church Collins St.; Sailor's Home Spencer St.; Bourke St. East; Melbourne Town Hall; Bourke St. West; Scot's Church Collins St.; New Eastern Market; Museum; St. Kilda's Road; Government House; Kew Lunatic Asylum from Studley Park; Punt - Simpson Road; Melbourne from South Yarra; Melbourne from the Domain; Mountain Tree Ferns Dandenung State Forest; Coranderrk Aboriginal Station; Lower Falls on Creek Scene; Moorabool River Railway Viaduct; Clunes; Ferns; Geelong Railway Station; Scene on the Yarra; Stawell Mining Township; Aqueduct over River Plenty; Ballarat Mines; Castlemaine; Geelong West; Echuca Punt; Castlemain State Quarries; Falls Lower Campaspe; Hesket; Bush Sawmills (near Stawell); River Scene (with presumably the photographer by the river bank).


STOCKWELL, Raymond A. (1904-1942)
[Album of Forty-five Original Large Gelatin Silver Aerial Photographs of Hawaii Taken by American Air force Planes].

Ca. 1925. Oblong Folio (25,5x33,5 cm). 21 grey album leaves. With 45 mounted original glossy large gelatin silver photographs ca. 17,5x23 cm (7x9 in), including two slightly smaller and one slightly large. Most photographs captioned in negative on photographs. Period maroon faux snake skin album with gilt title "photographs" embossed on front cover. Extremities with some wear, a couple of album leaves with edge wear, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
The interesting large aerial photographs in this album include: Aloha Tower, Honolulu; Downtown (harbor & business section) Honolulu (3); The Malolo entering Honolulu harbor; Honolulu harbor; Luke Field, Oahu (2); Sunset on the Waianaes; Schooner Vigigante off Oahu; Lava Lake in fire pit Kilauea volcano; Kilauea crater and fire pit; Haleakala crater, Maui; Cones in Haleakala crater; Mokuaweoweo crater; North coast of Hawaii; Royal Hawaiian Hotel, Waikiki (2); Kawaiaho Church, Honolulu; Capital Building, Former Iolani Palace Honolulu; Rodgers Airport; Mormon Temple; Captain Cooks Monuments Kealakekua Bay; Rainbow Falls; City of Refuge near Honolulu; Rice harvesting; War Memorial Natatorium; Waimea Canyon, Kauai; Nuuanu Pali Road, including other photos of group of natives with bows; U.S.A.T. Thomas in Verdi Island Passage; U.S.A.T. Somme; U.S.A.T. Chateau Thierry in Gatun Lake, C.Z. (2); U.S.A.T. Grant (2); Airborne aircraft (8), etc.
This photo album is from the estate of Raymond A. Stockwell who served in the Army Air Corps in the 86th Observation Squadron. Stockwell attained the rank of 1st Lt. But was killed along with two fellow crewmen in a crash of a twin-engine Beechcraft F-2 Plane after it crashed head-on into Pilot Rock near Ashland, Oregon killing all aboard on January 6th, 1942.


[Album of Twelve Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of a Survey in the Southern Alps, Central Western South Island, New Zealand].

Ca. 1898. Oblong Octavo (ca. 14x19,5 cm). 12 beige stiff card album leaves. Twelve mounted gelatin silver photographs each ca. 12x16 cm (5x6,5 in). Images mounted recto on album leaves. All except one image captioned in period, manuscript ink and additional details provided in period handwritten pencil on opposite pages. Additionally with the presentation of the album compiler: "To Dear Clara from her affect. Brother, J. N. Smyth, New Zealand, Decr. 1898." Period maroon gilt tooled half faux morocco with brown cloth boards, gilt titled "Views" on front cover. Album covers mildly warped, a couple of images very mildly faded but overall a very good collection of photographs.
An interesting private album of photographs compiled by surveyor J. N. Smyth which documents a survey in Central Western South Island, New Zealand and includes images of the Franz Josef (captioned "80 miles from Hokitika - I have been all over it") and Balfour Glaciers including Mt. Tasman and Mt. Cook (captioned "100 miles from Hoka.."), Lake Mapourika (captioned "5 miles from town - our favourite picnic place."), Mahinapua Creek (captioned "2 miles from town - a most remarkable reflection in this creek."), Mount Copland and Lyttles Peak and two views of the Whitcomb River (one captioned "I surveyed a line of road up this river into Canterbury three years ago - now in course of construction"). Additionally, the album includes two images of the photographer's survey camp at Kaniere Lake including some visitors (One captioned "Visiting Day at my camp 12 miles from Hokitika" and naming all in the photo: J.N. Smyth, J. Graham, Head Cook Bill Liltny?, Dog "Bruce"?, Mrs Fred Hurrop, Miss Campbell, Mrs. Smyth, Mrs. Graham, Arthur Hurrop, Bertha Hurrop, Dog "Bill."). Also included are images of cyclists at Kaniere Lake (captioned "Going to Hokitika") and West Coast Maori.


[Collection of Forty-seven Original Photographs by an American Tourist to Imperial Russia, Including Over Thirty Views of Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Environs, a Portrait of Leo Tolstoy in Yasnaya Polyana, with views of Helsingfors, Norway and “King Edward passing our hotel in Hamburg”].

Ca. 1904. Forty-seven gelatin silver prints mounted on recto and verso of loose card stock leaves (ca. 27,5x19,5 cm or 10 ¾ x 7 ¾ in). All but one images are ca. 9x15 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¾ in) or slightly smaller, one image is ca. 9x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in). All images with period ink captions on the mounts. A couple of images mildly faded, but overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of vivid snapshots taken by an American tourist in the Imperial Russia during the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). The collection includes twenty-eight views of Moscow with ten lively photos of the Kremlin (showing the Cathedral Square with the Cathedral of the Archangel and Ivan the Great Bell Tower, the Red Square with the Kremlin Wall, Grand Kremlin Palace and Spasskaya Tower, Borovitskaya Tower with the entrance to the Kremlin, Kutafya Tower with the Alexandrovsky Garden, gate of the Spasskaya Tower, a corner of the Cathedral Square with the Dormition Cathedral, the Great Bell Tower and others), a city view taken from the Kremlin with the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in distance, and a number of interesting street views. The tourist who most likely stayed in the National Hotel photographed a corner of the Moiseevskaya (modern Manezhnaya) Square with the Alexander Nevsky Chapel which was to be demolished in 1922, the restaurant of I.S. Chistov on Moiseevskaya Square, a butcher shop, harness shop of V.S. Semenov, busy street markets and others. Two interesting portraits show recruits to the Russo-Japanese war at a railway station, there are also potraits of a Moscow policeman, and cart drivers.
Eleven views of Saint Petersburg and environs depict palaces and churches in Peterhof and Tsarskoye Selo, railway station in Tsaskoye Selo, and drozhky cart in Saint Petersburg. The collection also includes a portrait of Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) in his Yasnaya Polyana estate titled “Tolstoy at home, near Moscow”. There are also views of a railway station in Bulgaria, streets of Helsingfors, three photos from a trip to Norway, and a scene titled “King Edward passing our hotel in Hamburg” (Edward VII visited Hamburg in June 1904). Overall an interesting collection of tourist snapshots of pre-revolutionary Russia.


RAYEV, Grigory Ivanovich (1863-1957)
[Collection of Eighteen Original Albumen Photographs of Kislovodsk, Pyatigorsk, Zheleznovodsk, and the Georgian Military Road from the Series “Views of the Caucasus”].

Ca. 1900. Eighteen albumen prints mounted on the official photographer’s card leaves with printed name and credentials on the lower margins, images ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5 x 6 ¾ in), mounts ca. 21x27 cm (8 ¼ x 10 ½ in). All but two images captioned and numbered in negative. Several photos with period pencil numbers on the mounts (made by an owner), one – with a period manuscript ink title on verso (“Narzan Gallery, Kislovodsk”). Mounts with some minor bumping of corners, several images mildly faded, but overall a very good collection.
Attractive collection of eighteen original photographs of the Georgian Military Road, and mountains, streams, mineral sources, baths and resort establishments of Kislovodsk, Pyatigorsk, and Zheleznovodsk in the North Caucasus. Grigory Rayev was a famous Russian photographer from the Caucasus. A native of Pyatigorsk, he worked as a photographer since the age of fifteen, and in 1889 purchased the studio of his teacher A.K. Engel; all images in his studio were taken personally by him. Rayev was awarded with over twenty gold and silver medals of Russian and foreign photographic exhibitions, including those in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Tiflis, Paris, Brussels, Cairo, and others; in 1896 he was awarded with the Legion of Honour in Louvre. Rayev was a member of the Russian Photographic and Russian Geographical Societies, and became the first photographer to document the establishment of railways in the Caucasus. Among his works are series of photos “Views of the Caucasus”, “90 views of Caucasian Mineral Waters, Georgian Military and Sukhumi Military Roads”, “50 views of the Osetian Military Road”, “25 views of Kislovodsk”, “Panoramas of the Caucasian Range”, over two hundred postcards with the views of the Caucasus based on his negatives, and others.
The views of Kislovodsk show: the interior of the gallery above the source of Narzan mineral water (reconstructed in 1893-1908); façade of the Narzan Gallery; “Steklyannaya Struya” (“Glass Stream”) pavilion in the Kislovodsk park; waterfalls on the Olkhovka River and in the Orekhovaya Gulch near Kislovodsk. Images of Pyatigorsk include those of the city square with the monument to Mikhail Lermontov; entrance to the Proval cave and the restaurant nearby; general view of the Mashuk mountain from the Goryachya (“Hot”) Mountain; Elizavetinskaya Gallery (above the source of mineral water), Lermontov grotto and the Aeolian harp pavilion. Photos of Zheleznovodsk include general view of the city, images of the mineral source of Grand Duke Mikhail; Gryaznushka (now Smirnovsky) source, baths of the mineral sources # 1 and 2, Novo-Ostrovskiye baths. Georgian Military Road in shown on the photos of the Terek Gorge, Gudauri mountain station (7327 ft above sea level), legendary mountain of Tsarine Tamara in the Dariali Gorge, and Mtskheta town and bridge. Overall a very good collection of iconic views of Northern Caucasus.


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