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1.[AFRICA - CONGO & CENTRAL AFRICA]
[ZAGOURSKI, Casimir] (1880-1941); KRULL, Germaine (1897-1985)
[Album with 134 Stunning Ethnographic Real Photo Postcards and a Large Original Photo by Casimir Zagourski, Taken in French Equatorial Africa and the Belgian Congo; With Three Original Photos by Germaine Krull, showing People of Brazzaville and a Village in Gabon].
Ca. 1920-1940s. Oblong Elephant Folio (ca. 34x39,5 cm). 18 card leaves (3 blank). With 134 mounted real photo postcards (with printed titles and Zagourski’s copyrights on verso) and over twenty mounted or loosely inserted gelatin silver photographs of various size, from ca. 24,5x19,5 cm (9 ½ x 7 ½ in) to ca. 5,5x5,5 cm (2x2 in). Real photo postcards with period captions in English on the mounts; four photos with period ink captions on verso (in French or English); one photo with Zagourski’s ink stamp on verso; three photos with ink stamps “Photographie du Service de l’Information de la France Combattante en Afrique Francaise Libre”, typewritten captions and the photographer’s name on verso (Germaine Krull). Original brown full morocco album with soft covers, fastened with a string; front board with a silhouette of the African continent made of light brown sheep leather. Covers mildly rubbed on extremities, leaves with some mild edge wear several private photos taken out, but overall a very good album with bright and sound real photo postcards and photos.
An interesting extensive collection of real photo postcards and original photos showing native people of Central Africa, from the private archive of Raymonde Sol (née Detrait). She was employed by the Radio Brazzaville of the Free French government (French Equatorial Africa), and then by the American consulate in Brazzaville in 1943-1945. One of the loose photos from the collection shows her with colleagues on a street, most likely in Brazzaville.
The collection includes 134 real photo postcards and a large original photo taken by a pioneer photographer of Central African people Casimir Zagourski. They portray people from different tribes of the region, including Yakoma people (Central African Republic), Sara (or Kirdi) (Chad); Mangbetu, Ituri, Mutudzi (Democratic Republic of Congo), “Congo pygmies”, “High Jumpers in Ruanda”, and others. Among the types photographed by Zagourski are native chiefs, warriors, merchants, fishermen, dancers, pottery vendors, blacksmiths, weavers, midwives, mothers with infants; a series of images focuses on various types of hairdos, scarring and piercing, including portrait of a Mangbetu mother and a child with elongated heads; there are also views of the Congo River and native huts of different designs; Lake Kivu and surrounding volcanoes (now in Democratic Republic of Congo); very interesting are five typewritten copies “of letters received from natives by the head of the Morse Dept. at Radio Brazzaville”.
The three photos taken by a prominent German female photographer and political activist Germaine Krull relate to her service for the Free French Forces in Africa when she resided in Brazzaville (1942-44). The images portray a tirailleur (native African infantry soldier) from Brazzaville, and women and children from the Bapunu village in Gabon. Among other photos are a portrait of Félix Éboué - famous governor of French Equatorial Africa (the first black man to take a high post in the French colonies); the photo is taken in his office in January 1944, about two months before his death. There are also portraits of Raymonde Sol, her husband Jacques “with our two prize boas, both over 4 meter in length. They come from the Lake Chad region, & cost us about 1,000 frs. A piece…”, and others. Overall a very interesting historically important album.
“Casimir Zagourski, of Polish parentage, was born in the Ukraine in 1880. After a military career in the Russian air force and the Polish army, he left Eastern Europe and moved to Africa in 1924, settling in Leopoldville, now Kinshasa, Congo, where he began his career as a photographer. During the next seventeen years, until his death in 1941, Zagourski traveled around Central Africa photographing its people, places, and local traditions. At the same time, he established and maintained a store in Leopoldville to sell these images as postcards and large prints. He also exhibited his work at the Paris World's Fair in 1937. [The postcards were issued in the series "L'Afrique Qui Disparait" (Disappearing Africa).] The photos are set in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly known as the Belgian Congo), Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Chad, Kenya, Central African Republic, Cameroon, and Congo-Brazzaville. The postcards depict a variety of aspects of everyday life in these different settings, including, for example, housing styles and traditional grave sites” (Casimir Zagourski Postcard Collection/ Yale University. Sterling Memorial Library. Manuscripts & Archives/ http://www.library.yale.edu/african/zagourski.html).
2. [AFRICA - LIBERIA]
ASHMUN, J[ehudi] (1794-1828)
History of the American Colony in Liberia, from December 1821 to 1823. Compiled from the Authentic Records of the Colony.
Washington: Way & Gideon, 1826. First Edition. Octavo (21x13,5 cm). 42 pp. With a large folding map. Handsome period style gilt tooled full sheep with a gilt title label. With some minor browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"In 1821 a site at Cape Mesurado was selected by the American Colonization Society as appropriate for the 'repatriation' of a detachment of freed American slaves, and in 1822 Jehudi Ashmun, a white American, went out at the request of the Society to aid the infant settlement. The first settlers were landed on Providence Island at the mouth of the Mesurado River, but after protracted negotiations with Bassa and Dei headmen they eventually procured the rights to the Du Kor Peninsula on which Monrovia now stands. Ashmun was joined for a while in 1824 by Robert Gurley, who gave the settlement the name Liberia"(Howgego 1800-1850 W23); "Ashmun was an American religious leader and social reformer who became involved in the American Colonization Society. He served as the United States government's agent in the Liberia colony and as such its de facto governor for two different terms: one from August 1822 until April 1823, and another from August 1823 until March 1828.., As United States representative to Liberia as well as agent of the ACS, Ashmun effectively became governor of the colony from 1822 to 1828, from ages 28 to 34. He took a leadership role in what he found to be a demoralized colony and helped build the defenses of Monrovia, as well as building up trade. During his tenure in Liberia, Ashmun increased agricultural production, annexed more tribal land from the natives, and exploited commercial opportunities in the interior.
He helped create a constitution for Liberia that enabled blacks to hold positions in the government. This was unlike what happened in the neighboring British colony of Sierra Leone, which was dominated by whites although founded for the resettlement of free blacks from Britain and Upper Canada. Ashmun's letters home and his book, History of the American Colony in Liberia, 1821–1823 (1826) constitute the earliest written history of the Liberia colony" (Wikipedia); Sabin 2204.
3. [AFRICA - MADAGASCAR]
[Album with Forty-three Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing French Military Personnel, Local People and Ceremonies During the French Colonization of Madagascar].
Ca. 1890s. Folio ca. 37,5x28 cm (14 ¾ x 11 in). 43 gelatin silver prints mounted on recto of twenty-two leaves ca. 36x24 cm (14 x 9 ½ in) and six blank leaves. One photograph ca. 19,5x25 cm (7 ½ x 9 ¾ in), one photograph ca. 21,5x16 cm (8 ½ x 6 ¼ in), seven photographs ca. 12,5x18 cm (5 x 7 ¾ in) to 14x20 cm (5 ½ x 7 ¾ in), the rest ca. 12x16 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in) and smaller. Twenty-three images captioned in manuscript pencil on mount. Period red gilt tooled half morocco with gilt bands, red pebbled cloth boards and marbled endpapers. Some images mildly faded and some wear at extremities but overall album and photographs are in very good condition.
This album contains historically interesting photographs of French military personnel, local people and ceremonies in Madagascar around the time of the colonization of the island, which was established as a French protectorate in 1896 and became a French colony in 1897. A series of portraits show Queen Ranavalona III (1861-1917) and likely other members of the Merina royal family, including, and one photograph shows a Madagascan Colonel and General. One image shows the burial of the Prime Minister Rainilaiarivony’s 16th son, at which Madagascan officers are dressed in French and British uniforms; Rainilaiarivony was deposed and exiled by the French colonial authority in 1895. Two images show four Madagascan chiefs making their submissions to General Gallieni, surrounded by Navy Infantry Troops and Senegalese Marksmen, with Madagascan people watching the ceremony. Gallieni was a French military leader who became Governor of Madagascar in 1896 after exiling Queen Ranavalona III, abolishing the 350-year-old monarchy on the island and pacifying the population. Several images show French military personnel, including one photograph of a group of French officers and another image of Navy Infantry officers of the French Expeditionary Force with a Madagascan woman. Also of interest are several images of Madagascan people near their settlements, labourers in the fields and vendors at a market, and one photograph showing a July 14th celebration in Antananarivo. Overall an interesting album showing important ceremonies, French military presence and interesting ethnographic views at the time of French colonization of Madagascar.
List of Captioned Images:
La Reine de Madagascar Ravahalona II morte en juillet 1883 fut remplacée sur le trône par sa cousine sous le nom de Ravahalona III; Patrinimanga (?) et sa femme; Rainiandriainamfrandry (?); Rasanjy; Karaimananoro (?); Officiers Malgaches habillés avec des uniformes anglais ou français, soldats malgaches et leurs chefs à l’enterrement de Rainiharavoay – 16e fils de Rainikaivory, premier plan musiciens; Colonel et Général Malgache; Prisonniers; Tisseuse; fête (14 Juillet Atananarive); Marché (curieuse et marchands); moissoneurs; La moisson du riz; Entrée d’un poste; Plantation; La forêt au fond un village; Cases d’un village; Village; Troupe d’infanterie de Marine et tirailleurs Sénégalais notables, 4 chefs malgache faisant leurs soumissions au Général Galieni; Peuple malgache assiste à la soumission de chefs malgaches; Officiers d’Infanterie de Marine du corps Expéditionnaire français se faisant photographier avec une femme malgache; Officers Français; Un coin du village de Zanvibas; Devant un “figuis religious” à multiples racines
4. [AFRICA - MOROCCO, MADEIRA, CANARY ISLANDS]
[Manuscript Report Titled:] Description de la Côte Occidentale D'Afrique depuis le Cap Spartel juqu'au Cap Bojador [Description of the West Coast of Africa from Cape Spartel to Cape Bojador].
Ca. 1800. Quarto (28,5x18,5 cm). 24 pp. Twenty-four pages in fine and regular handwriting in brown ink on recto and verso of beige laid paper. Original stitched beige laid paper wrappers, overall in near fine condition.
An interesting manuscript written by an experienced navigator as a navigation guide for other seaman that gives very detailed descriptions of the African coast between Cape Spartel (near Tangiers) to Cape Bojador (Western Sahara) as well as Madeira and the Canary Island, etc.. The report includes details about latitudes, longitudes, distances, routes, anchorages, hidden rocks, tides, currents and descriptions of visible ports and villages. Overall a very descriptive manuscript offering extensive observations of the geography of the west coast of Africa and near-by islands. The first part of the manuscript describes the Atlantic coast of Morocco and Western Sahara: Cape Spartel, Arzilla (Asilah), Larache, Mamora (Mehdya), Salé, Rabat, Mazagan (El Jadida), Cap Blanc (Ras Nouadhibou), Cap Cantin (Ras Cantin), Bay of Saffia (Safi), Mogador (Essaouira), Cape Geer (Cape Ghir), Port of Gueder, Port of Cansado, Punta Blanca, Rio das Enguias, and Cape Bojador. The second part describes Madeira, and of the Canary Islands: Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Grande Canarie, Tenerife, La Palma, Hierro and Savage Islands (Selvagens), north of the Canaries.
Interesting is a description of the ruins of Anafé (Anfa), present-day Casablanca, on page 6. Anfa was rebuilt as a military fortress by the Portuguese in 1515 and called Casa Branca, then abandoned in 1755 following an earthquake: “Anfa is a long town in ruins, on the edge of the sea. It is easily recognizable due to its numerous towers…When near the town, you can see the woods called La Grange.” On page 8, reference is made to the Lichfield, a British vessel of 50 people that was lost south of Safi, on its way to Gorée Island : « It’s on this coast, approximately 2 leagues south of the river, that the Lichfield vessel of 50 was lost on November 29 1758. » Another source states that the survivors were taken as slaves by the king of Morocco. Some other interesting extracts from the manuscript include:
P. 4 «We can moor everywhere in front of Salé, three cable lengths from the shore, there is depth ; but we find several anchors left by vessels of different nations that may damage the cables. The best mooring is about 2 miles from the town… When we are on the side of Rabatt or old Salé, we must bank the Ahan Tower in the direction of the Round Tower that is at the southern point of the river…»
p. 6 «Mazagan is a fortified town that belongs to Portugal, it is the worst mooring of the entire coast of Barbarie…The bottom is full of rocks between one length and one and a half lengths from the coast… The vessels that stop there moor 2 lengths off the coast, by 35 to 36 fathoms. The waves are always very strong.»
p. 13-16 «Madeira Island is very high, except the extremity which lowers steeply. It is often covered in clouds which render it poorly visible 5 or 6 lengths away and it is often touched before it is discovered… When we leave Funchal for Tenerife, we must travel directly westward, to avoid the Savage Islands that are very dangerous at night…”
p. 21-22 “From the West side of Canary to the point closest to Tenerife, the distance is not more than 10 lengths. In the centre of this island is found the famous Tenerife peak, referred to by the former and current inhabitants as the peak of Teyde… South-East of the island is the bay or port of Santa Cruz, the most attended of all the ports in the Canaries. The best mooring on this route is between the middle of the city and a fort or castle around 1 mile away…”
5. [AFRICA - NIGER RIVER]
[KAY, Albert Elms, Lieutenant, RN]
[Original Manuscript Account of the 1867 Voyage up the Niger River by H.M.S. Investigator, with a Detailed Description of a Battle with the Natives after the Ship had been Grounded on a Sand Bank in the Niger Delta for Eleven Days, Negotiations with the Local Chief, Liberation of the Hostage, Casualties on Board et al.].
HMS Investigator, R[iver] Niger, ca. 1867. Folio manuscript journal (ca. 33,5x21 cm). Brown ink on bluish wove paper on five bifoliums for a total of 20 pages written on 18 1/2 rectos and versos. Each bifolium numbered in the upper left corner of the first page. Fold marks, paper age toned, minor chips to margins, not affecting text, last page with a repaired tear not affecting text. Overall a very good manuscript written in a legible hand.
Historically significant original manuscript report of the voyage of HMS “Investigator” under command of Lieutenant A.E. Kay up the Niger River from its delta (the mouth of the Nun River) to Lokoja (central Nigeria). This was one of the yearly voyages of HMS “Investigator” undertaken in 1862-1869 for diplomatic and commercial purposes, as well as to carry cargo and coal to British missions and factories up the Niger. The purpose of this particular voyage was to bring up to Lokoja, Captain J. Lyons McLeod - new British Council for the districts bordering on the Niger and Tchadda Rivers (appointed in 1866), and to “cultivate friendly relations with the tribes living on the banks of the river, and to open communication for the purposes of trade” (Correspondence with the British Commissioners at Sierra Leone, Havana, the Cape of Good Hope, Loanda and New York, and Reports from British Vice-Admirals and from British Naval Officers Relating to the Slave Trade, From January 1 to December 31, 1867// Accounts and Papers of the House of Commons, London, 1868, p. 55). McLeod was to go as far as Rabba to visit King Masaba of the Bida Emirate.
The manuscript, although unsigned is most likely the original draft written by Lieutenant Kay and gives a detailed description of the events on board HMS “Investigator” from 27 July to 14 August 1867. This is a shorter version of Kay’s report published as the enclosure # 1 to the correspondence 22 from Consul McLeod to Lord Stanley, dated Lokoja, 1 September 1867 (Correspondence with British Ministers and Agents in Foreign Countries, and with Foreign Ministers in England, relating to the slave trade. From January 1 to December 31, 1867// Accounts and Papers of the House of Commons,' 1868, pp. 18-24 or 682-688). The texts in this manuscript and the printed reports are very similar, the narration in the manuscript one is more concise and finishes with the ship’s arrival to Onitsha (southeastern Nigeria) whereas the printed report continues till 22 August. The manuscript is most likely the first draft of the report later edited and enlarged by Kay before being sent to the British Foreign Office.
Kay reports about the “Investigator’s” arrival to the mouth of the Nun River from Lagos, purchase of coal from the West Africa Company’s factory at Akassa, and voyage up the river. There is a detailed and dramatic description of the crew's struggle after the ship had been grounded on the sand bank near Imblamah village on July 31 and was floated only on August 10, “the eleven days she was aground in the delta of the Niger, and exposed to six different attacks by the Imblamah pirates, during each of which they endeavoured to obtain possession of HMS “Investigator” (Correspondence with British Ministers and Agents in Foreign Countries…, p. 18)”. The report details the attempts to take the ship of the sand bank, shooting and fights with the natives, casualties on board, negotiations with the local chief, liberation of the hostage from the “Investigator’s” crew, and others. Overall a very interesting eye-witness account of the early commercial navigation in the Niger delta.
“In August 1867 Mr. McLeod started up the Niger in H.M.S. Investigator. The Investigator was a wooden paddle-wheel steamer, 121 feet long, and drawing 4 feet 5 inches. Her armament was three 12-pounder Howitzers, and she carried a crew of 40. The ship grounded at Jublana, and for six days the natives attacked the man-of-war with heavy rifle-fire. The Consul, as an ex-naval officer, with McCarthy, an African carpenter, fought the forward gun. The ship was in great danger. The natives surrounded it with their canoes and threatened to board, and it only escaped after jettisoning most of its stores and so lightening the ship that it was able to float over the shoals and get up to Lokoja” (Geary, W. Nigeria under British rule. 1927, p. 168).
Some excerpts from the manuscript include:
July 31st. "... Passed the hostile villages Aloberi, Kiamah, & Opotolo which fired just after passing, 6 guns - 10. Passed the hostile villages of Imblamah, a canoe pulling off with wood. 11:45 grounded suddenly on a sand bank, marked in the chart as I thought an island, stopped, backed astern full speed, sinking ship hard aground... Two canoes came alongside, one with a goat... The other canoe containing about 15 men making demands for drink, not receiving which, not being permitted to come alongside, they departed... I deemed it advisable to lighten her forward, having 15 tons of coal... Landed coal, about 4 tons... On shore… and left the Krooman to look out the coal, I was returning to the ship on Pinnace, when suddenly a heavy fire of musketry was opened on us, and the ship, the krooman guarding coal attacked, driven into the water, natives swimming after him, severely wounding him on head with some sharp weapon...
The fire still continuing & most of my kroomen having jumped overboard, I hailed the ship to open fire... I having only one man left with me... The krooman who had been attacked floating down the River - Sent Sub-Lieutenant [Mallory] to pick him up, a heavy fire being opened on the boat... I used ten rounds of ammunition to each white man & armed the kroomen with cutlasses, pikes, knives & every available weapon in the ship.
August 1st. Casualties - 1. Kroomen on shore badly wounded... But as they [natives] saw the paddles in motion they kept up heavy fire", my kroomen being very frightened, I was obliged to draw my sword on some who would not work under fire... When the natives saw no men on deck they ceased firing. Water rising a little, commenced lightening the ship, & heaving overboard everything heavy... Unfortunately they pitched two more bread pancheons overboard than I intended...
2 August. "... 9.10. Departed this life from wounds Mr Grants - Engineer Steward... 2.20 PM. Committed to the deep the remains of Mr. Grants deceased... Having been up since the ship grounded, over exertion & anxiety produced a feverish attack...the men also beginning to feel the effects of want of rest... "
3 August. "... The ship still aground... Coal getting short, drew fires & blew out boiler, intending to try and dig the sand clear of paddle wheels. Employed heaving overboard private gear, got Bickford's fuze ready for blowing the ship up... I see no possible chance of getting the ship off, as I find less water every day... The natives being reinforced every day... "
"... At about 2 PM heard natives on shore hailing & shewing a white flag, I returned it by shewing a handkerchief, when a Boast with four men came alongside, by means of an interpreter the following intercourse took place. - It appears by their statement that ...when the krooman was left to look after the coal, he strayed as he states 'to go to the rear' but the natives on shore say he went into their plantation...
... They saw either the body of the deceased man or us burying him, and being afraid of the consequences... The hostile villages had sent them a message that if they hurt any white men next year large steamers would come up & take their country - They said they wished for us peace, but in my own belief they were short of ammunition... Frightened of what they had already done... They also said that another steamer had passed up the river a short time back, near this place, & that for a dash, they had dug her out... They would do the same for me, they then wanted me to give a present for their chief, which I did & also a bottle of Brandy, they promised to return..."
4th August. "... Captain beginning to get very weak, also men gradually getting weaker after four days hard work, & exposure I deemed it advisable to give them a little rest. A canoe came alongside with fowls to barter and a present... Mr. Mallory also presented the chief with a new coat... They then left promising to bring 20 men & dig us out, natives coming freely round the ship, the greater part of them being females. 1 PM. Natives came off & commenced digging ship out... I deemed it advisable to send them away for the night & to have an interview with the chief on shore...
...I then informed him that I came to see King Masaba, that I would not hurt him, or any of his people... If he would dig the ship out... To come onboard & see what he would like, for having thrown overboard nearly everything, I was placed in a very strange position... "
5th August. "... Lighted fire, got up steam, kroomen having dug trench deeper... Ship still hard aground... I fear my only chance of getting ship off will be to wait until the River flows, or with the assistance of the steamer 'Thomas Bazley' returning...
... Canoe going to and for with messages from chief concerning what I would give him to get me off & he wanted rum... I would not give a single thing more until the ship was afloat... Received a message requesting to know if I would send one man, as hostage for the 20 he would send, and a guarantee for the present... I immediately send the man, (one krooman John Brown who volunteered), not fearing treachery... Canoe left with cowries (5 bags) and John Brown Krooman (Benin Boy)... Suddenly a heavy crop fire with large guns & musquets was opened on us from the bush... I returned do. With both Howitzer loaded... & rifles... When the shell from the Howitzer burnt among them I heard screams as though some of them had been killed, or wounded, them firing also... Eventually ceasing about 3.30 PM...
I find it almost impossible, my crew being mostly composed of Kroomen, & they having been under fire before, to heave the ship off. I fear very much that John Brown krooman is killed, but being a Benin Boy they may sell him..."
7th August. "... Only 1/2 ton of coal left... Water still falling... 12.12 foremost Howitzer dismounted by recoil... Heavy firing still going on down the river... A canoe was observed pulling for the ship, holding up an umbrella, I shewed a white flag... The man informed me had come from his father, at a place near Onitsha, having heard that a man was aground in the river, & also to enquire the reason of the natives firing on us, that he was going on shore immediately to hold a palaver... I asked him if it were possible to get back my Benin Boy... He said that with the aid of a bottle of rum he might be able to restore the Benin Boy, & sent his canoe with the rum, for that purpose, himself remaining on board... The canoe in a short time returned, bringing back the rum, not having seen anyone... I then gave them food, observed four musquets & several swords in the Boat. About 4:30 they left the ship, being called by the natives on shore & did not return."
9th August. "... This being the 10th day we have been on shore, water having left us... The same who informed us he had come from his father at Onitsha... He had held palaver... Tried to bring off the man they had made prisoner... Is I would give him a tail-coat he would bring off my man... As the man was taken prisoner as an hostage, not in a fight, I would not..."
10th August. "... Kroomen over side digging away sand... Ship slightly started, draught of water about from 6ft to 10ft, forward 3 feet 8 inches... Weather threatening & at noon commenced to rain. 1.45 sent kroomen to dig away sand, heaving in on cables... 2. ship floated, opening on starboard cable... Got up steam, clearing pinnace & stowing chain ... Sent pinnace for the coals that were landed before reaching shore, a fire was opened on her & ship... Returned do. With rifles, but ship swinging stern on the guns would not bear, most of the kroomen jumped overboard from boat but pinnace got alongside, mostly by the aid of the gunner's mate... Went in gig & brought off canoe, natives deserting her as I approached..."
11th August. "... Proceeded towards hostile villages with white flag at fore. 11.20 anchored off ditto & informed them that if they did not deliver up my man, I would open fire in them. White flag responded to by villages on shore... 2 PM. Natives took man over to the opposite shore, abreast the ship, in an unarmed boat, send boat to communicate with do. But boat having waited over half an hour, & kroomen not coming towards the gig & finding they would not give up the man, & not being the least alarmed about his safety, weighed & steamed up river, it being my intention to recover him by force, on my return down the river..."
12th August. "... 6.15 Weighed, proceeded slowly up the river, soundings very irregular, numerous sand spits not shown in chart... 10. Touched ground, backed astern, sent gig to sound a canoe... 10.40 Allowed a canoe with pilot Jack flying, pilot came alongside, hoisted his canoe up... He knew very little about river... 12.50 Stopped & anchored off Ebo. 1.20 Chief from Ohaghi[?] visited the ship, gave him a dash... Informed him that I had come to visit chiefs & also that I wanted wood, which I would pay for, he sent the canoe for ditto. 3. The chief of Ebo & his wife came on board, presented him with gifts which seemed to please him very much... The next day both chiefs still remaining on board, their great desire being to get rum, I gave them as much as I thought proper. 5. Chief of Odaghi's canoe came off with a little wood, promising more in the morning & wishing to be paid for what he already brought off. I gave him 1 bag of cowries =25/. The chief of Ebo presented me with a Bullock providing I came on shore, the first thing in the morning, to shoot it.
14th August. "... Anchored off Osamari... 9.30 Chief came off, presented him with Government Present... 2 PM. Passing Oki village... 4.10 anchored at Onitsha, laid out warps to steamer Thomas Bazley to keep ship from swinging into the eddy... At Mission House the Bishop kindly offered his services to go with us. Presented chief with his present... Heard from Mr. Jervis, that the steamer Thomas Bazley had been on shore... For 9 days, but natives were friendly, she also grounded on the same spit that I had been on shore on, but being a powerful steamer, backed off, they also informed me that the river being so low, the charts could not be relied on..,"
6. [AFRICA - UGANDA RAILWAY]
[Album of Fifty-Six Original Gelatin Silver and Platinum Photographs Showing Ethnographic Views and Colonial Buildings and Infrastructure in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania Following the Construction of the Uganda Railway (1896-1901)].
Ca. 1907. Large oblong folio album ca. 26x33,5 cm (10 ¼ x 13 in). 13 light green stiff card album leaves. 56 gelatin silver and platinum photographs including 15 photographs ca. 15x21 cm (5 x 8½ in), 8 each ca. 10,5x15 cm (4x6 in), and the rest ca. 6,5x10 cm (2 ½ x 4 in) and slightly smaller, mounted recto and verso. All but 10 captioned in period manuscript blue ink or pencil. Period dark brown quarter sheep with gilt bands, brown pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Album and photographs in very good condition.
This album contains photographs of local people and colonial establishments in British East Africa (present-day Kenya), Uganda (protectorate established in 1896) and German East Africa (present-day Tanzania). A large portion of the photographs are taken along the Uganda Railway from Mombasa, where the Railway began in 1896, to the terminus at Kisumu on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria, where it was completed in 1901. One image shows local people standing near a railway station, and another shows railway worker gangers gathering near a cart. Several photographs show an Indian Bazaar in Nairobi, likely started by a community of British Indian labourers who were brought to Kenya to complete the railway in the late 1890s. "Built during the Scramble for Africa, the Uganda Railway was the one genuinely strategic railway to be constructed in tropical Africa at that time. 2,498 workers died during its construction"(Wikipedia). Many of the images are ethnographic studies of the local peoples including portraits, groups standing in a row with women holding their young children, people working, native settlements and market scenes. One photograph shows Kikuyu Natives in Nairobi sorting coffee beans on the ground as a European supervisor watches. Several images show colonial buildings, including the Memorial Cathedral in Mombasa (the administrative centre of British East Africa until 1905), and a Missionary Society School in Uganda which was founded in 1895 to educate native chiefs’ sons. Also included are images of a Government House, and a U.M.C.A. (Universities' Mission to Central Africa?) House and Chapel in Tanga, Tanzania, which was the first establishment and administrative center of German East Africa. Overall, an excellent album showing local peoples and colonial establishments in British East Africa, Uganda and German East Africa.
List of photographs:
Wakamba Women, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives B.E.A.; Kisumu Beef Market; Kikuyu boy outside hut, Nairobi 1907; Uganda Railway Co. Steamers on Lake Victoria, Nyanza, 1907, Kisumu; Ripon Falls, Source of the Nile, Jinja, Uganda; Exterior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; River View, Magda, G.E. Africa; Indian Bazaar, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Indian Bazaar, Natives Shopping, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Namirembe Markey, Uganda; Kampala Fort, Uganda; Ripon Falls, Jinja, Uganda; Queen Victoria’s Statue, Nairobi B.E.A.; Canoe, Lake Victoria Nyanza; Mengo, Uganda, C.M.S. School for sons of chiefs in foreground; Scenery, French Mission, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives sorting coffee beans, French Mission, Nairobi B.E.A.; Kibwezi Natives, B.E. Africa; Kavirondo Native; Kikuyu Women going to market, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Group, B.E.A.; Kavirondo Native; Watching the train pan, Kibos, B.E.A.; Kisumu Market; Gangers, Uganda Railway, B.E.A.; Interior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; King’s Lake, Mengo, Uganda; Waterfall near Magila, G.E.A. (2 views); Bagamoyo Village, Magila, G.E.A.; Tanga Bay, G.E.A.; Street in Tanga, G.E.A.; U.M.C.A. Mission House and Chapel, Tanga, G.E.A.; Government House, Tanga G.E.A.; Bridge built by the late Padre Harrison, Magila, G.E.A.; Village, Magila, G.E.A.; River, Magila, G.E.A.; View, Magila, G.E.A.; Public Gardens, Tanga, G.E.A.; Native Street, Tanga, G.E.A. (2 views); Bismarck’s Monument, Tanga, G.E.A.; Kisumu Market, B.E.A. (2 views); Station on the Uganda Railway, B.E.A.
7. [AFRICA - WHALING OFF THE COAST OF NAMIBIA]
STACY, Edward P., Boatsteerer.
[A Complete Journal of a South Atlantic Whaling Voyage with Details of Encounters with Hottentots in Namibia Titled:] Remarks & Occurrences on Board the Timor of London on a Voyage to the Southern Whale Fishery. John T. Parker Commander.
1819-20. Folio (ca. 32,5x21 cm). Ca. 100 pages of manuscript entries in a legible hand in brown ink on beige laid paper. Period full pig skin, covers with wear, some minor staining of text, a couple of leaves loose, one page cut away (censorship/errors?), but the text replaced on the following page so text continuous and complete. Overall in very good condition. Housed in a recent custom made quarter cloth clam shell box with a printed paper label and marbled paper covers.
This is the complete journal of a South Atlantic whaling voyage that began March 2 1819 off the Isle of Wight, and ended February 9th 1820 off Gravesend. The Timor laid anchor at Maio Island (Cape Verde), Angra Pequena and Walvis Bay on the outbound voyage and in St. Helena (with excursions towards Tristan da Cunha in search of whales) on the homeward voyage. The journal includes an interesting description an encounter with Hottentots at Angra Pequena on the 30th of May 1819, when some of the crew "went off with three boats towards the head of the bay. Saw 18 of the native Hottentots men & women, they did not appear to have any huts thereabouts, they had several dogs & were armed with bows, arrows & spears which they laid on the ground at a distance from them & made signs to us to land for which they seemed very anxious. We gave them some biscuits & a knife or two but did not land. One of them had a kind of bronze? in his hand as a sign of peace, which he kept pointing to & shaking. They made a very wretched appearance, were woolly headed, which was clotted together with grease & other filth. They were nearly naked, had a seal skin over the shoulders & a small strip of leather around their middle, had sandals for the feet on account of the sharp rocks and a few beads & shells round their forehead as ornaments." Later that year on August 3rd, again at Angra Pequena Stacy "saw a party of natives on the main land, went to them with the boats, they proved to be a party of the natives of Battania(?) sent by the missionary Mr. Swallow, to any ship they might fall in with at Angra Pequena or elsewhere. By the letters which they brought from that gentleman, they had been 46 days on the passage, they had got a large quantity of bullocks & 15 sheep," which they were to trade for things that would be useful back at the mission. During the following 3 days some of the natives where taken onboard to trade and some of the crew also went to the mainland to trade. Stacy goes on to say that on August 6th "The natives left us to go to their native homes, well pleased with our behavior towards them & well satisfied with the trade they had made which consisted highly of knives, lead, powder & handkerchiefs. Their behaviour was admirable handsome to that gentleman whose benevolence shown conspicuous in these poor converts. He had been 10 years among them. The captain entrusted [the natives] a handsome present [for Mr. Swallow]."
During the voyage the crew caught thirty-four whales, mostly right whales with an occasional humpback, and stowed hundreds of barrels of oil. She employed three boats, with two in reserve (which frequently joined the hunt), and caught most of her whales working out of Angra Pequena and Walvis Bays, off the coast of what is now Namibia. She also fished for a time with the English whale ship “Emma,” including a strange agreement between the two ships during the first two weeks in June not to lower for a whale unless she had a calf with her! At one point the two ships got in a dispute over a whale, and the “Emma” departed about a month later, with “a full ship.” There is plenty of action in this journal, and whales taken are represented by Stacy’s drawings, in ink or pencil, of whale flukes. Also interesting is the detail that Stacy, who was a harpooner, goes into about the ship’s whale craft – whaling tools – and the preparations for whaling that took up the first three months of the voyage. There are frequent mentions of such things as breaking out gear, making drogues for the boats, bellows for the forge, fitting the grindstone and grindstone trough, sharpening lances and harpoons, “strapping two double & single purchase blocks to heave the whales lips in with,” and practicing the chase in the ship’s three main boats.
8. [AFRICA -BIG GAME HUNTING IN MALAWI & MOZAMBIQUE]
[Album of 230 Original Photographs of Travel and Big Game Hunting in Malawi and Mozambique].
Ca. 1929. Large Oblong Folio album ca. 26x33 cm (10x13 in). 25 black album leaves. 230 original gelatin silver images of which 223 are mounted recto and verso, including two panoramas each ca. 9,5x28 cm (3 ¾ x 11 in), one larger image ca. 13x21 cm (5 x 8 ¼ in), eighty photographs from ca. 11x6 cm (4 ¼ x 2 ½ in) to ca. 9,5x14.5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¾ in), and the rest are ca. 5,5x9 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ½ in) and slightly smaller. Additionally, seven photographs are loosely inserted including six images ca. 16,5x12 cm (6 ¼ x 4 ¾ in) and one image ca. 8,5x15 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ½ in). Seventy-three of the images are captioned in manuscript white ink on mount or in pencil on verso of image. Period black cloth album with embossed title "photographs" and with cord ties. Covers slightly worn at extremities but overall the album and photographs are in very good condition.
This album contains photographs showing travels, hunting expeditions and safaris in Nyasaland (present day Malawi) and Portuguese East Africa (present day Mozambique). A large portion of the photographs capture the hunting of big game, including leopard, rhino, waterbuck, warthog, sable antelope, hippo and gazelle. The images show local porters and guides carrying game, equipment and hunters on their backs. Several photographs show groups of native people and Europeans gathering at camps after a day of hunting. Six larger photographs show the local porters and guides with the hunted game. The collection also includes numerous photographs of native settlements and activities of local people, including workers at the “net industry” in Shirwtown, a baptism scene (?), local people watching a boxing match, and a photograph of a tea factory in Lugella. Interesting are two photographs showing a de Havilland Puss Moth airplane, named ‘Nyasa III’ [DH.80A 2195], with two European men surrounded by a crowd of Africans. This aircraft was issued in July 1931, then registered in August 1931 to C.J. Christowitz of Christowitz Air Services, Blantyre, Nyasaland. In 1934, it was registered to Rhodesia & Nyasaland Airways Ltd and then sold to John E. Mazorati in 1936, finally crashing at Bulawayo in 1942. Other photographs from the travels include landscape views and images of a motorcycle trip. Overall, an album of interesting photographs showing big game hunting in Malawi and interesting ethnographic views of local peoples and settlements.
List of Captioned Photographs:
Ulendoland; Burton’s Hang-Out “The Bluff” (Background); The Bluff, Likubula Valley; Self Looks Important; View from “The Bluff”; “The Bluff”; Chen, Lewis, Jackson – Likubulu Mission; Dockerty, Jacko, Hodgson, Self and Devereaux; Dud Photo – No Title; Napier and Beer Babies; Ruo River, Border P. E. A.; Portuguese E. Africa; Burton in Machila; Morning Mists at Lugella; Tea Factory – Lugella; Two Aspects of the Zomba Hills; Zomba Town; Breakfast on Zomba; Lake Shirwa Area; The Canoodeliero; Net-Makers B.C.A.; Primitive Transport; Thornycrofts Shack; Sunrise of a Well Spent Day; “The Docks” Shirwa; Embarkation – Chen; Net Industry at Shirwtown; On Lake Shirwa; Burton, A.B. Skidder, Supercargo, A.B. Ballast; Chikwawa Escarpment; Wankulumadzi; P.W.D. Hut at Wankulumadzi; On Tete Salisbury Road 33 Miles from Blantyre; Burton with Snake Shot on Road; Old Causeway; A Sixwheeler Beaton; Matode; Koodoo by Self at Matope; Baobob; Self, Burton, Carr; Hodgson at Kakoma; Kakoma; Burton has Inspiration (Selection of Nigger Airs); Chingali; Warthog at Chingali; Hodgson and Self; View from Chikwawa Hills; Burton and Self; Hodgson bags a Waterbuck at Kakoma; Bua River; Road to Kakoma; Warthogs and “Marrowfat”; Burton and Koodoo Head; Waterbuck; Burton and Sable Head; Findlay’s Homestead, Likuni; Hartebeeste; On Safari; Sable Antelope; Camp on Bua; Wankulumadze; ‘A Cool Drink’; ‘Quite Foreign’; Mud Bugs; Baobob; Boxing at Mission Sports; Natives at Sport; Wild Geese; Eel Fishing at Kambalame-on-Shire; N.L.B.
LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Autograph Letter Signed "David Livingstone" Dated at Mr. Stearns', Malabar Hill, Nov. 2nd 1865 and Addressed on the Verso “To H. Chowfussy." “I expect a telegram from James Young... On a subject of considerable importance to me, but as it would appear from your careful investigation that no telegram has come from England for me, the only other source I can imagine must have been from the Governor and as I have written to him to-day he will see that I have not received any - I think that no further search need be made but with hearty thanks I remain sincerely yours..,” [With] A Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph of Livingstone Standing by a Table ca. 1865 (8.5 x 5.5 cm).
Nov. 2nd 1865. Octavo letter (ca. 18x11,5 cm) in four pages on a bifolium. Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph mounted on period stiff card with pencil caption "Livingstone" under photograph. Brown ink written in a legible hand on laid beige paper. Fold marks and with residue of mounting paste, but overall the letter and the photograph are in very good condition.
In November 1864, Livingstone had decided that he "would try to ‘settle’ the watersheds of central Africa, though he insisted that he remained primarily a missionary. He planned to return to the Rovuma, pass to the north of Lake Nyasa, look for the Nile headwaters, and then make for Ujiji, on Lake Tanganyika; but he still hoped to find a site for a trading mission. The expedition was to be small-scale, without a steamboat, and without other Europeans. The RGS put up £500, as did the British government; and £1000 came from James Young, a friend from Livingstone's student days in Glasgow, who had made a fortune from distilling paraffin"(Oxford DNB); James Young's (1811-1883) £1000 contribution is perhaps what explains the importance of the mentioned telegram to Livingstone. This letter dates from Livingstone's time in Bombay where he organized and recruited for this expedition. "In Bombay, Livingstone recruited several sepoys, and twelve Africans from mission schools.., [and] the governor, Sir Bartle Frere.., gave the party passage in a government ship to Zanzibar [in January 1866]" (Oxford DNB). This was to be Livingstone's last expedition where after a long period without contact to the outside world, Stanley found him at Ujiji in 1871 and greeted him there with the famous salutation, "Dr Livingstone, I presume?" William French Stearns (1835-74) was the son of the distinguished President of Amherst College, Massachusetts. He was engaged in the business of Stearns, Hobart & Co. Of Bombay from 1857 to 1868. Livingstone had met Stearns in 1865 on a steamer to Bombay and had become firm friends. Stearns letters from Livingstone were published by Boston University's African Studies Centre in 1968.
10. [ALASKA - YUKON RIVER]
WHYMPER, F[rederick] (1838-1901)
[Two Original Signed Ink and Wash Sketches of Nuklukayet and a Russian Mission Settlement on the Yukon River in Russian America, Taken during His Journey up the River to Fort Yukon as a Member of the Russian-American Telegraph Expedition in September 1866 - August 1867].
1867. Two pen and wash sketches on paper, ca. 19x42 cm (7 ½ x 16 ½ in) and ca. 15,5x42 cm (6 x 16 ½ in). Each mounted on slightly larger piece of period card, dated and signed by the artist “F. Whymper del. 1867” in the right lower corner; handwritten titles (in brown ink) on the mounts. Both watercolours slightly age toned, the second watercolour with minor scratches on the upper margin and of the title on the mount (with some text missing), otherwise a very good pair of watercolours.
Two historically important watercolour views of two settlements on the Yukon River in Russian America drawn by British artist Frederick Whymper who extensively travelled across Alaska during the Russian-American Telegraph Expedition (1865-1867). The first drawing shows Nuklukayet – an important trading ground of the Native Americans from the upper reaches of the Yukon and “the furthest point ever reached by the Russian traders” (Whymper, F. Travel and Adventure in the Territory of Alaska. London, 1868, p. 210). Nuklukayet was abandoned in the end of the 19th century; the closest modern settlement is Tanana, about one mile downstream. The artist gave a peaceful picture of the village with the native Americans gathered next to their tents on the bank of the river, poles with drying fish, numerous canoes on shore, mighty Yukon and distant hills in the background. The second drawing shows Russian Mission village on the lower Yukon where Whymper and his companions stopped just for three hours on their way back from Fort Yukon in July 1867. Whymper created an attractive picture of the whole little settlement: Russian Orthodox church and the priest’s house, three log houses of the Russian American Company (a native American is standing next to the door of one of them), elevated storage on high poles, and a couple of tents. Overall beautiful early views of the Yukon River when still a possession of Russian America.
This is how Whymper described both places in his book “Travel and Adventure in the Territory of Alaska...” (London, 1868):
“In the evening [June 7, 1867] we made the junction of the Tanana River and the Yukon, between which, on a tongue of land, Nuclukayette, an Indian trading ground of importance, is situated. <…> The place in the furthest point ever reached by the Russian traders, and is about 240 miles above Nulato. Within the last two or three years some of the Hudson Bay Company’s men have also come down with trading goods to this village. Hither come Indians from all quarters. Co-Yukons, Newicarguts, Tananas, and even the Kotch-á-kutchins from Fort Yukon. On some occasions their gatherings have numbered 600 persons. <…> On landing at this village a ceremony had to be gone through, possible to test whether we had “strong hearts” or not. The Indians already there, advanced, whooping, yelling, and brandishing their guns till they reached us, and then discharged them in the air. We, with the Indians just arrived, returned the compliment <…>. We found this place almost bare of provisions; the Indians dancing and singing all the same with empty stomachs, knowing that the season for moose-hunting was at hand” (210-211).
“On the 20th [of July, 1867], at half-past four in the morning, we reached the “Missie,” or Mission, once exclusively what its name implies, but now both the residence of a priest of the Greek Church and the sole Russian trading post on the lower river. We met the priest , or “pope,” as the Russians term him, afterwards at St. Michael’s, and a very saintly and heavily-bearded individual he was, but said to be by no means averse to the bottle. <…> The Russians had centralized their forces at the Mission, and had withdrawn them from Andreavski – to be hereafter mentioned – and from the Kolmakoff Redoubt on the Koskequim River. From this place they made periodical trading excursions. <…> The settlement comprises a chapel with two buildings attached, the property of the priest, and three log houses appertaining to the Fur Company. There is no fort or enclosed space. <…> We stopped there about three hours, and then resumed our journey…” (p. 235-236).
“Nuklukayet: locality, at junc. Of Tanana and Yukon Rivers <…> Former Indian trading camp and settlement located on the right bank of the Yukon River near the junction of the Tanana River, usually between the Tozitna River and Mission Hill; reported by Dall (1870, p. 57) as “Nuklukahyet.” With the establishment of a trading station, about 1869, the area became a more permanent station. (See Tanana)” (Orth, D.J. Dictionary of Alaska Place Names. Washington, 1967, p. 708).
“Russian Mission, village, pop. 102, on right bank of Yukon River 25 mi SE of Marshall, Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta <…>. Var. Ekogmute, Ikagmiut, Ikogmut, Ikogmute, the Mission. The Eskimo name for this village appears to have been reported by Lt. L.A. Zagoskin, IRN, in 1842-44 and published in Russian by Tikhmenev, in 1861, as “S[elo] Ikogmyut,” possibly meaning “people of the point.” It is listed by I. Petroff in the 1880 Census as “Ikogmute,” with 143 inhabitants; the 1890 Census lists 140. Baker (1906, p. 32), gives a population of 350 Eskimo in 1902. This village was the location of a Russian Orthodox Mission (sometimes called “Porkovskaya Mission”), established in 1851, the first in the interior of Alaska (Oswalt, 1963, p. 6). The designation “Russian Mission” supplanted the Eskimo name about 1900” (Orth, Idem, p. 822).
“Russian Mission (Iqugmiutin Central Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska. It was the location of the first fur trading post of the Russian-American Company in 1842. It was officially named Russian Mission after the sale of Russian American possessions to the United States. The sale of alcohol is prohibited. At the 2000 census the population was 296” (Wikipedia).
“Whymper arrived in Victoria in the autumn of 1862, and the following summer he travelled to the Cariboo district of British Columbia on what he described as “a sketching and pedestrian tour.” <…> After a second winter in Victoria, Whymper set out in March 1864 for Bute Inlet (B.C.), in order to publicize through his drawings the road that Alfred Penderell Waddington was attempting to build to the Cariboo. He dutifully gave good reports of the enterprise, but attracted more attention from his account of the background to the killing of workers on the project by Indians, which had occurred while he was leaving the region. <…> Soon after he arrived back in Victoria, Whymper applied for the position of artist on the Vancouver Island Exploring Expedition. Of wiry build, he accepted the rigours of an expedition which covered much of the southern part of the island. An exhibition of 33 of his drawings from the exploration was held in Victoria in November 1864.
In 1865 Whymper joined the Russian-American Telegraph project, which intended to construct a telegraph line linking the United States and Europe through British Columbia, Alaska, and Siberia. As its artist he went to Norton Sound (Alas.) during the summer and then crossed to Petropavlovsk (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, Russia). Following a winter in San Francisco, he again set out for Petropavlovsk and subsequently travelled around the Gulf of Anadyr (Andadyrsky Zaliv, Russia). Near the end of October 1866 he crossed to Mikhailovski (St Michael) on Norton Sound, and after a winter at Nulato he ascended the Yukon River to Fort Yukon, where he received news of the successful laying of a transatlantic telegraph cable. On his return to Mikhailovski in August 1867 he was told of the abandonment of the Russian-American project” (Dictionary of Canadian Biography online).
CASSIN, John (1813-1869)
Illustrations of the Birds of California, Texas, Oregon, British and Russian America.
Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., [1853-]1856. First Edition. Quarto (28x20 cm). viii, 298 pp. With fifty hand-colored lithographed plates by William E. Hitchcock, the first twenty after George G. White. 20th century red gilt tooled full sheep with raised bands. Spine slightly rubbed, plates generally clean, plate 10 with light wear to top margin, text very mildly age toned, overall a very good copy.
"First edition in book form, originally issued in ten parts from 1853 to 1855. The work aimed to cover the species discovered since the appearance of Audubon's Birds of America. Cassin (1813-1869) headed an engraving and lithographing firm in Philadelphia which produced illustrations for government and scientific publications. He pursued ornithology as an amateur, giving his spare time to the Philadelphia Academy of Science which was developing the largest bird specimen collection then in existence. Cassin arranged and catalogued the 26,000 specimens, and published regular reports of the results of his research. Unlike Audubon, his publications were primarily technical monographs of new species" (Sothebys); This work was "to be regarded in some measure as an addition to the works of former authors in American Ornithology, but at the same time complete in itself" (Preface). Cassin especially sought to describe birds not known to Audubon. Lada-Mocarski 144; Nissen 173; Sabin 11369; Sitwell p. 85; Wood p. 281; Zimmer p. 124.
12. [ALGERIA - MOORISH SPAIN]
LEEBROECK, Joseph van
[Album of Forty-five Original Albumen Photographs of Algeria (21) and Moorish Spain (21) (including three of Tunisia (2) and France) Compiled by a Belgian Traveller, Titled on Front Cover:] Souvenirs de Voyage 1885 [and Additionally Titled on Front Fly-leaf:] Souvenirs de Voyage. Afrique - Espagne. 28 Janvier - 15 Avril 1885. Joseph van Leebroeck.
1885. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x39 cm). 38 beige stiff album leaves. With forty-five albumen photographs, twenty-eight ca. 17,5x24,5 cm (7x10 in) and seventeen ca. 9,5x13 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned in French or Spanish in negative or manuscript purple ink on mount. Handsome period red gilt tooled half morocco with red cloth boards and gilt title label on front cover. Album with mild wear of extremities, some mild staining of covers, some mild foxing of some mounts and a couple of photographs but overall a very good album with strong photographs.
This album contains interesting professional photographs collected and compiled on a ten week trip to Algeria and Moorish Spain in 1885. The sharp strong images include: Algeria: General View of Algiers; The great mosque El Djedid (Algiers); Arab street (Algiers); Court of a Moorish house (Algiers); View of Algiers from Mustapha. Governor's Villa, Mustapha; Palm tree garden; Monkey river (Auberge); Market with Castle (Bogharu); Inhabitant of Djelfa; Djurjura; El-Kantara Bridge (Constantine); El-Kantara river and gorge; Arab festival in Biskra; Camels (Biskra); Camel palanquins (Biskra); Arab Horse and Rider; Arab in costume; General view of the city of Bona; View of Philippeville (Skikda) Port; Chabet El-Ahra. Spain: La Alameda de Apodaca (Cadiz); Alhambra (Granada); Interior of the Ambassadors' room, Alcazar (Seville); Lions' Court, Alhambra (Granada); La Giralda Cathedral (Seville); Alcazar (Seville); Interior of a mosque (Cordoba); El Mihrab (Cordoba); Entrance to Toledo via the Alcantara Bridge; Cathedral (Toledo); Interior of the Cathedral (Toledo); Del Sol (Madrid); Palace (Madrid); Plaza Mayor (Madrid); Bull fighting arena and scenes (Madrid) (4); Monestary (Escorial); General view (San Sebastian); Cathedral (Burgos). Tunisia: View of Tunis; Throne room at the Bardo (Tunis). France: Souvenir of a pilgrimage to Notre Dame of Lourdes.
13. [AMERICA - SAN FRANCISCO]
BEHRMAN, Martin (1862-1945)
[Eleven Part Gelatin Silver Panorama by Martin Behrman Taken from the Original 1851 Daguerreotype Plates].
Ca. 1900. Eleven gelatin silver panels mounted on six linen attached card mounts for a total panorama of ca. 17,5x208 cm (7x82 in). The condition of the other known examples of Behrman’s panorama are all similar in contrast and fading because the original daguerreotypes had already faded with time and this was thus transferred to the gelatin silver copies. Very handsome period style red gilt tooled half sheep portfolio with red cloth boards and red gilt title label. Overall a very good panorama.
The original panorama was taken in 1851 using daguerreotypes made by Sterling C. McIntyre. This present panorama is thought to be the earliest of San Francisco and one of the earliest known images of the city. San Francisco photographer Martin Behrman preserved a number of early California photographs, some of which, like the present example, now exist only in his copies. Behrman has labelled many points of interest including: Folsom Street, Sutter House, Vulcan Foundry, Portable Houses, Market Street, Lone Mountain, Rincon Hill and other landmarks. Perhaps the most striking feature is the hundreds of abandoned ships in the bay.
"It is believed that the panorama initially had eleven plates, but the original daguerreotypes no longer exist. This image is a copy photograph submitted to the Library in 1910 for copyright protection" (Library of Congress). "11-panel panorama photograph, silver gelatin prints, joined to approximately 5 1/2 x 76 1/2 inches, by Martin Behrman, 1910, being a photograph of an 1851 daguerreotype panorama of San Francisco from Rincon Hill, framed, vertical fold creases near or at overlaps, uneven fading between some panels, not examined out of frame. San Francisco photographer Martin Behrman preserved a number of early California photographs, some of which, like the present example, exist only in his copies. Behrman has labeled many points of interest, streets, and landmarks in the negative like the water lots, deserted ships, Sutter House, etc. This example is rare in that it includes all 11 of the original images (the Library of Congress example includes only 5). Surely one of the earliest photographic panoramas of the city" (Bonhams).
ORTELIUS, A[braham] (1527-1598)
[Map of Western Hemisphere Titled:] Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio.
Antwerp, ca. 1571. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 36,5x50,5 cm (14 ½ x 20 in). Map cleaned and sized and with some expert minor repair to lower blank margin, remains of archival mounting tape on verso. Overall still a very good and attractive map.
This attractive ornamental map is an impression from the first of three copperplates, without the publisher's address, second state (of three) with the Azores correctly labelled. From one of the third Latin editions, 1571-73. "Ortelius depicts the discoveries of a number of people on this map, but the general shape of the continent is derived from Gerard Mercator's great twenty-one sheet world map of the previous year. The two of them had a close relationship and shared their knowledge openly with each other.., One of the main noticeable features of the map is the bulbous Chilean coastline; this was not corrected until his third plate. A strategically placed cartouche hides a complete lack of knowledge of the southern waters of the Pacific. Once through the Strait of Magellan the voyager's sea route took him on an almost direct course for the East Indies. No sight had been made of a large continent but conventional wisdom had it that there had to be as much land in the southern hemisphere as in the northern. This was not fully dispelled until the second voyage of the remarkable Captain James Cook in 1772-75. The west coast of North America is shown too far west, as was common at the time" (Burden 39). "This is one of the most famous maps of America and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The map features an exaggerated breadth of the North American continent, with a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego" (Old World Auctions); Broecke 9.2; Koeman III, 9000: 31A; Tooley, America S. 320; Wagner 80.
BACK, Captain [George] (1796-1878)
[Original Signed and Captioned Watercolour and Ink Sketch Titled:] Esquimaux Woman [of the Thleweechodezeth (Back River), [which is reproduced as an engraving by E. Finden on the plate facing page 384 in Back's "Narrative of the Arctic Land Expedition to the Mouth of the Great Fish River and Along the Shore of the Arctic Ocean in the Years 1833, 1834 and 1835," London: John Murray, 1836. The engraving states that the original sketch was made by Captain Back R.N. July 28th 1834].
Ca. 1834 (?). Watercolour and ink sketch on wove unwatermarked paper (ca. 26x20,5 cm or 10 ½ x 8 in) titled above in manuscript brown ink and with a description of the subject in manuscript brown ink below. Oval watercolour ca. 9,5x9,5 cm (4x4 in). The watercolour is signed "Captain Back." Overall the watercolour is in very good bright condition.
The caption below the watercolour reads: "The only lady whose portrait was sketched was so flattered at being selected for the distinction, that in her fear lest I should not sufficiently see every grace of her good-tempered countenance, she intently watched my eye; and, according to her notion of the part I was pencilling, protruded it, or turned it so as to leave me no excuse for not delineating it in the full proportion of its beauty. Thus, seeing me look at her head, she immediately bent it down; stared portentously when I sketched her eyes; puffed out her cheeks when their turn arrived; and, finally, perceiving that I was touching in the mouth, opened it to the full extent of her jaws, and thrust out the whole length of her tongue." This comment is reproduced on pages 383-4 of Back's narrative where the description of his subject is continued to page 385: "She had six tattooed lines drawn obliquely from the nostrils across each cheek; eighteen from her mouth across her chin and the lower part of the face; ten small ones, branching like a larch tree from the corner of each eye; and eight from the forehead to the centre of the nose between the eyebrows. But what was most remarkable in her appearance was the oblique position of the eyes; the inner portion of which was considerably depressed, whilst the other was proportionately elevated. The nostrils were a good deal expanded, and the mouth large. Her hair was jet black, and simply parted in front into two large curls, or rather festoons, which were secured in their places by a fillet of white deer skin twined round the head, whilst the remainder hung loose behind the ears, or flowed not ungracefully over her neck and shoulders. She was the most conspicuous, though they were all of the same family: they were singularly clean in their persons and garments; and, notwithstanding the linear embellishments of their faces, in whose mysterious figures a mathematician might perhaps have found something to solve or perplex, they possessed a sprightliness which gave them favour in the eyes of my crew, who declared "they were a set of bonnie-looking creatures.""
The "Narrative of the Arctic Land Expedition" is "one of the fundamental books on Arctic exploration. The plates are taken from Back's own sketches.., Back was the commander of this expedition, his fourth venture into Arctic territory, with the mission of searching for Captain John Ross. The expedition traveled to the Great Slave Lake and discovered the Great Fish River, or Back River, which they traced to the frozen ocean.., Back and his men traveled over 7,500 miles on this journey; 1,200 of them over unknown territory" (Hill 42); "Expedition via Montreal overland to succour the members of the Second Ross Expedition and to make scientific observations and survey an unknown section of the arctic coast. The party traveled by canoe and portage down Slave River to Great Slave Lake, up Hoarfrost River, through Artillery Lake, Clinton Colden Lake, and Lake Aylmer, down the Thleweechodezeth or Great Fish River (now Back River) to the Arctic coast" (Arctic Bibliography 851); Howgego 1800-1850, B3.
Although this watercolour was attributed as "after" Back when we bought it, it seems highly likely that it is indeed by Captain Back. The handwriting of the caption is very similar to Back's handwriting found in his letters and the style of the watercolour is also similar to his other watercolours from this expedition. Additionally, Back commonly signed his watercolours from this expedition as "Captain Back" and the paper and ink are also of the period.
HORSLEY, Samuel (1733-1806) & PHIPPS, Constantine John (1744-1792)
Remarks on the Observations Made in the Late Voyage Towards the North Pole, for Determining the Acceleration of the Pendulum, In Latitude 79'50' in a Letter to the Hon. Constantine John Phipps; [Bound Following] A Voyage Towards the North Pole Undertaken by His Majesty's Command 1773.
London: B. White, W. Bowyer and J. Nichols et al., 1774. First Editions. Quarto (30x24 cm). Viii, 253, ; 15,  pp. With three folding engraved maps, twelve folding engraved views and diagrams and eleven letterpress folding tables. Handsome brown period elaborately gilt tooled full calf. Rebacked in style with a red gilt title label. Overall a near fine clean and large copy.
Horsley's "pamphlet ought to be annexed to every copy of Captain Phipps's book, and bound up with it.., it is very rare" (Sabin 33056); "Horsley was elected to the Royal Society in 1767 and his earliest publications dealt with astronomy and geometry, as here in this discussion of the navigational mathematics of Phipps's voyage to the North Pole. Horsley was very controversial in his later years, entering a bitter dispute with Sir Joseph Banks at the Royal Society, necessitating Horsley's resignation. Horsley also published an edition of Newton's works" (Christies); Captain Phipps' "expedition of the Racehorse and Carcass, undertaken for the purpose of discovering a route to India through the northern polar regions, was blocked by pack ice north of Spitsbergen. The valuable appendix gives geographical and meteorological observation, zoological and botanical records, accounts of the distillation of fresh water from the sea and astronomical observations. The voyage is perhaps best remembered for the presence of young Horatio Nelson, as midshipman aboard the Carcass, and his encounter with a polar bear" (Hill 1351); "The scientific results of the expedition included zoological and botanical observations and collections, and a meteorological journal. The expedition's farthest north exceeded the record established by Chichagov and was not surpassed until Scoresby" (Holland p.137); Sabin 62572.
17. [ASIA - ANGLO-NEPALESE WAR]
GARDNER, Edward (1784-1861) [Resident in Kathmandu 1816-29]
[Autograph Letter Signed to a Superior (Most likely Governor-General of Bengal, Francis, Earl of Moira, later 1st Marquis of Hastings), Reporting the Latest Intelligence Including Troop Strengths and Movements of the Gurkhas (Nepali Troops) in the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814-16)].
Hawalbagh, 18th Dec. 1815. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 6 pp. Brown ink on beige wove paper Original fold marks, otherwise in very good condition.
An historically important letter written by Gardner from Hawalbagh during the ratification period of the Treaty of Segauli. The letter starts with information about Nepali troop strength in Kumaon which "does not appear to be above four or five hundred men at present" Other Nepalese troops "are said to have gone to the East towards Nepal." Generally of the Nepalese troops "there does not seem to be any of that bustle among them that one would expect on the eve of an invasion notwithstanding the warlike preparations on our side - it certainly has not the appearance of war on the part of the Gurkhas." Also mentioned is a letter Gardner received from Colonel Gardiner from the Gurakhpur frontier where Gardiner says "nobody knows anything about the Gurkhas in that quarter. That they are neither seen nor heard of or appear from what he can learn, to be making any preparations for defence, however in not seeing them he says is no proof that they are unprepared for us."
Gardner "played a crucial role in bringing Nepal into treaty relations with the British in India" (Watson, Lost Botanist of Nepal). For his services Gardner was rewarded by being made Resident (Honoray Consul) to the court of the Rajah in Kathmandu in 1816, where he remained as Resident for the next 14 years; "With his deep understanding and strong liking of the people of Nepal, he was the perfect person for the job and against the odds he largely succeeded" (Watson). Gardner was also a passionate plant collector but his "prolific collections and his pioneering contribution to Himalayan botany are largely unknown to modern botanists" (Watson).
18. [ASIA - BURMA (RANGOON & MANDALAY)]
[Collection of Twenty-five Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Rangoon (15) and Mandalay (8), Burma (including two photographs of Penang and Penta Kota on verso of one), Titled:] Birmanie.
Ca. 1895. Twelve leaves, first one with paper label and manuscript ink title: Birmanie. Twenty-five gelatin silver photographs each ca. 15,5x23 cm (6 ¼ x 9 ¼ in), four slightly smaller. Photographs Mounted on stiff gray card 27x35 cm (10 ½ x 14 in) with beige manuscript ink descriptive labels. Mounts with some mild traces of moisture exposure, a few of the photographs with minor silvering of photo margins but overall a very good collection of photographs.
The interesting sharp photographs in this collection which document British Burma at the turn of the 20th century include images of: Rangoon: Port; Procession going to the Pagoda; Voyle's Road; Pagodas in the Great Temple (2); Entrance of the Swee Dagon Pagoda; Carved wooden portico; Wooden gilded and painted statues; Interior of the Great Pagoda; Pagoda Sula; Elephant at work; Burmese landscape, environs of Rangoon (3); A pagoda, environs of Rangoon. Mandalay: street scene; Pagodas at the entrance of the city; Buddhist monastery; Palace gardens; Palace moat; the market; The palace (2). [With] Island of Poulo-Penang and Bridge of Penta Kota.
"With the fall of Mandalay, all of Burma came under British rule, being annexed on 1 January 1886. Throughout the colonial era, many Indians arrived as soldiers, civil servants, construction workers and traders and, along with the Anglo-Burmese community, dominated commercial and civil life in Burma. Rangoon became the capital of British Burma and an important port between Calcutta and Singapore" (Wikipedia).
19. [ASIA - CHINA (KIAUTSCHOU BAY CONCESSION)]
[Album of 173 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of the German Colonial Kiautschou Bay Concession Titled on Spine:] Syfang-China 1902-1904.
1902-4. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x36 cm). 30 beige stiff album leaves. 173 gelatin silver prints, various sizes from ca. 21x28 cm (8 ½ x 11 in) to 9x10,5 cm (3x4 in) mounted recto and verso on album leaves. Some photographs numbered and twelve captioned in negative. Attractive period elaborately gilt tooled quarter morocco with lacquered flower motif pictorial covers with photographic image inset in front cover. Some very minor bumping to extremities of covers and front cover with a very minor chip of lacquer, a couple of photographs with some very mild fading but overall the photographs are strong and sharp and the album is in very good condition.
This extensive historically important collection of photographs of the Kiautschou Bay concession (a German leased territory in Imperial China which existed from 1898 to 1914) and surrounding areas, was highly likely compiled by a German high ranking military officer or colonial official. As the spine title, Syfang (Sifang), the former core district of Tsingtau (Qingdao), indicates this album is focussed on Tsingtau, Kiautschou Bay concession's administrative center. It includes twelve captioned photographs of Tsingtau including: Train station; government chapel; Diedrichstein; Yamen entrance; Decorative wall in front of Yamen; Lighthouse; Panorama; Music pavillion Krala Bay; Prinz Heinrich Hotel; Artillery Camp; Colonial Governor's grave; Governor's House. Many other images are also of Tsingtau including five two part panoramas of the town and environs, also street scenes showing Chinese inhabitants, markets and gatherings, Chinese in costume including royalty, nobility, officials, trades people and merchants, buildings and monuments including interiors, forms of local transportation (horse and carts etc.). Many images also show the German military: gatherings of officers, military buildings, units, exercises and ceremonies, a transport and supply ship etc. Additionally many images show German colonial life, buildings and infrastructure: social gatherings and ceremonies, hunting scenes with the resulting killed birds, colonial buildings and images of the Shantung Railway including railway track, trains, rolling stock, bridges and stations (Tsingtau, Nantschuan, Kaumi, Weihsien, Tschou Tsun). Overall an extensive historically important visual record of the first few years of German rule of the Kiautschou Bay concession.
After Germany took over the territory in 1898 "Kiautschou was transformed into a modern realm with Germany investing upwards of $100 million. The impoverished fishing village of Tsingtau was laid out with wide streets, solid housing areas, government buildings, electrification throughout, a sewer system and a safe drinking water supply, a rarity in large parts of Asia at that time and later. The area had the highest schools density and highest per capita student enrollment in all of China, with primary, secondary and vocational schools funded by the Berlin treasury and Protestant and Roman Catholic missions. With the expansion of economic activity and public works, German banks opened branch offices, the Deutsch-Asiatische Bank being the most prominent. The completion of the Shantung Railroad in 1910 provided a connection to the Trans-Siberian Railway and thus allowed travel by train from Tsingtau to Berlin. After the Chinese revolution of 1911 ran its course, many wealthy Chinese and politically connected ex-officials settled in the colony because of the safe and orderly environment it offered. Sun Yat-sen visited the Tsingtau area and stated in 1912, “... I am impressed. The city is a true model for China’s future" (Wikipedia).
20. [ASIA - CHINA TRADE]
[Journal of an Early American China Trade Voyage by the Ship Henry Astor from New York to China in 1823].
At sea, 1823. Small Folio (32x20,5 cm). About 70 unpaginated pages of brown ink manuscript entries on beige wove paper pre-printed log book forms titled: "The Improved Seaman's Journal.., New York, Richard Patten, 1820. With the keeper's ownership inscription: "Donald's Mackay's" on the title page. Written in a very legible hand and bound in the original marbled paper wrappers. Spine split but overall the journal is in very good, very original condition.
An interesting and well executed log of an early American China Trade voyage. Mackay, who writes more like a gentleman than a sailor, was probably the supercargo. The Henry Astor, under Captain Edward Rosseter, leaves New York from the East River and sails eastbound for China, via the Cape of Good Hope, on the 6th April 1823. After three weeks at sea from New York, they put into Gibraltar on April 29th, possibly to take on Turkish opium, and saw “Old Iron Side… at Anch in bay.” They remained in port for almost three weeks, then departed for Canton on May 25th. On May 30th they were chased and fired on by an English ship; on July 6th they saw a giant squid which they "judged to be from 80 to 90 feet in length.” On the 31st of July they sight the islands of St. Paul and Amsterdam. On August 10th, Mackay muses, “What are all my old friends in N. York about to day? I wish a party of them could spend the day with us, on board this ship.” On August 18th, the ship is "near the position of Christmas Island," which is sighted about nine miles away at noon. Three days later on the 21st, Java is sighted and the ship anchors off Princes Island and waits there a week to go through the Sunda Strait. On September 7th he notes, “My Birth day ushered in with much vexation unnecessarily caused.” On September 14th Mackay notes: ""While in the Lantao Passage [we] dispatched Mr. Conklin to Macao for a river pilot." Then finally on September 18th the “Henry Astor” anchored at Wampoa (Canton), alongside ships from New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Boston. Additionally Mackay mentions the fact that he owns a thermometer for measuring ocean temperatures (it breaks) and his interest in navigation is evident when he makes several references to Horsburg and “the authority of Horsburg” regarding questions of navigation.
"Horsburg" is James Horsburgh (1762-1836) the Scottish hydrographer who worked for the British East India Company and surveyed and mapped the seaways around Singapore in around 1800. The “Henry Astor” was built in 1820 by Henry Eckford of New York. She engaged in the China trade until 1831 and was involved in the sea otter trade between the Pacific Northwest and Canton. After 1831 she began life as a whale ship, and then that phase of her career ended with the California Gold Rush in 1849 when she sailed with a company of miners from Nantucket to San Francisco.
21. [ASIA - CHINA]
LE COMTE, Louis (1655-1728)
Memoirs and Observations Topographical, Physical, Mathematical, Mechanical, Natural, Civil and Ecclesiastical made in a late Journey through the Empire of China..,
London: Benj. Tooke, 1697. First English Edition. Octavo (19,5x13 cm). [xxiv] 527, + pp. Engraved portrait frontispiece, 3 engraved plates (2 folding) and a folding table. Period dark brown mottled full calf. Recently rebacked using original title label, text with a few spots of minor staining, frontispiece and title page with some mild browning, but overall a very good copy.
"The author was a Jesuit, confessor to the Duchess of Burgundy, one of the Royal Mathematicians, and later missionary to the Far East" (Cox I, 330); "Louis de Comte "was among the first group of Jesuits to be selected by Louis XIV for service in China.., [The group which included Joachim Bouvet and Jean-Francois Gerbillion arrived at Peking in 1688]. They were favorably received by the emperor Khang-hi, who retained Bouvet and Gerbillion as his instructors in mathematics. While engaged in this work, the two fathers wrote several mathematical treatises in the Tartar language which the emperor had translated into Chinese. The Jesuits were given a site within the palace enclosure for a church and residence, and these were completed in 1702" (Howgego B146); "Le Compte was one of the great number of tremendously erudite Jesuits who originally went to China on as missionaries, aiming to convert the Chinese to Christianity through first converting the members of the court" (PBA Galleries); China Illustrata Nova 1589; Lust 51.
22. [ASIA - EAST INDIA COMPANY]
RICKETTS, G.P. Esq.
[Letter and Account Book of G.P. Ricketts Esq., Collector for the East India Company Including an Historically Important Eyewitness (Possibly Previously Unknown) Account of the Massacre of British Troops at Senkadagala in the First Kandyan War in 1803].
Bihar, India, 1803-1815. Folio (33x21 cm). 207 pp. Brown ink on laid paper written in a generally legible hand. Period brown blind stamped reverse full calf. Rebacked in style with raised bands, extremities mildly worn but overall in very good condition.
Ricketts was a collector for the East India Company in the state of Bihar in northern India. The series of letters begins in 1803, with Ricketts’ application to the Governor General to be relieved of his duties as Collector and be made a Judge instead. This application is refused. He then pleads poor health and asks for a vacation in Colombo, which is granted in 1803.
It is during his time in Colombo that on 11th of July 1803, he witnesses and includes a seven page deposition by "Mahomed Gane a free Malay and late a servant to Ensign Robert Barry of the Malay Corps in Ceylon," Who gives an eyewitness account of the hostilities at Kandy and the massacre of British Troops at Senkadagala in the First Kandyan War in 1803. Gane starts his deposition by describing the initial storming of the English held palace in Kandy by the Kandyan forces under the command of the Malayan Prince "Sanguylo:" At "2 o'clock on the morning of Friday, the 24th of June the Candians began to fire upon the palace were the British troops were quartered, about 5 o'clock the Malay's on the service of the King of Candia headed by Sanguylo their chief attempted to force the palace, Sanguylo entered and was seized by Lieut. Blackiney of the 19th Regt. and struggling with him they both fell on the ground when Sanguylo with his [weapon] stabbed Lieut. Blackiney near the eye of which he died instantly, and while Sanguylo was still on the ground Lieut. & adjutant Pendestuth [stabbed his] bayonet thro' his body and a soldier gave him also a stab, of which Sanguylo died on the spot. That the second in command of the Candian Malays who followed Sanguylo in the attack was shot without the door of the palace - These deaths frightened the Candian Malays and they retreated." Gane goes on to describe in detail the events of how the English garrison at Candy eventually surrendered "a white flag was hoisted on which the firing ceased on both sides" and how a safe conduct was negotiated but how the English officers and soldiers were instead massacred and Gane reports on the murder of the English officers that he "saw the mangled bodies of some of them," and of the soldiers who "at the same time the officers were murdered, the Candians fell upon them & killed them also, & some of the Bengal Luscars & Pioneers were also killed along with them." Another detailed account of these events can be found in James Cordiner's (1775-1836), “Description of Ceylon” (London 1807).
The rest of the letterbook includes 200 pages of correspondence from Ricketts to several dozen individuals including Governors-General of India Marquis Wellesley, Lord Minto and other important East India Company officials between 1803 and 1815. The topics covered are interesting accounts of trade with neighbouring states including Nepal and others regard the finances and business affairs of the Company. Overall an extensive historically interesting collection of official East India Company correspondence which gives valuable insight into the company affairs during this time. The book concludes with a short index at the end arranged by date and account name.
23. [ASIA - INDIA (HIMALAYAN MOUNTAINEERING)]
[Collection of Twenty-Eight Early Original Stereo View Photographs of Himalayan Peaks in Uttarakhand State, Northern India].
Ca. 1910. Twenty-eight pairs of gelatin silver prints each ca. 7,5x7 cm (3 x 2 ¾ in.) mounted on the original beige stiff card ca. 8x17 cm (3 ¼ x 6 ¾ in). All captioned in period manuscript ink on recto of mount. Overall the collection is in very good condition.
A unique collection of photographs taken during a mountain trek in the Indian Himalayas bordering Tibet and Nepal. The majority of the images show views of important Himalayan peaks, including Nanda Kot, Nanda Devi and Sukharam. Additionally, several images show Trisul, a group of three mountain peaks of which the highest was first climbed in 1907. Trisul was likely the highest mountain in the world to have been climbed at the time. In addition, it was the first successful climb to use supplemental oxygen in mountaineering. Over five photographs capture local people and/or architecture such as the bridge of Bagashwar, bungalows at Bhowali and a wayside temple near Loharkhet. Two photographs show the trekkers climbing the Pindari Glacier, which was first surveyed in 1906 by geologists Cotter and Brown. Overall, an unusual collection compiled by an early Himalayan mountaineering enthusiast.
List of views:
Pindari Glacier (two views); Bridge at Bageswar (Bageshwar); Snout of Pindari Glacier and Source of Pindar River; On the road to Bageswar (Bageshwar); Sarju (Sarayu) River; Nanda Kot and Trisul; Rapti Stream; Bhimtal from Ghagar Ridge; Wayside temple near Loharkhet; Pindar Valley with Sunderdhunga and Sukharam Peaks; Nanda Kot; Pindar Valley above Khati; The Pindar Valley; Nanda Devi from Dhakuri Pass; Trisul from Dhakuri Ridge; Coolies near Kapkot; Bageswar (Bageshwar) Bazaar; Pindari moraine with Trisul in background; Diwali; Nanda Devi from Dhakuri ridge; View from Ranikhet; View below Loharkhet; Pindar valley and Nanda Devi; Bageswar (Bageshwar) town and temples; Bhowali bungalows
24. [ASIA - JAPAN]
[Album of 125 Original Gelatin-Silver Photographs of Central Japan Including Nikko, Mount Nasu, Mount Asama, Kyoto, Kamakura etc., Showing Architecture, Landscapes, Temples and Local People etc.; With: Six Original Japanese Prints and two Original Watercolours].
1911. Oblong Folio (27x36 cm). 33 black album leaves. Collection of 125 gelatin silver prints, all but six mounted on recto and/or verso. Includes two photographs ca. 8,5x29 cm (3 ¼ x 11 ¼ in), seven ca. 9,5x14 cm (3 ¾ x 5 ½ in), six ca. 9x9 cm (3 ½ x 3 ½ in) and the rest 7,5x10 cm (3x4 in) or slightly smaller. Captions in period manuscript white ink on most leaves. Additionally over 10 photographs have been hand coloured. The collection also includes two studio albumen prints each ca. 21x25,5 cm (8 ¼ x 10 in) with captions in negative, Six original Japanese prints ranging from ca. 6,5x9,5 cm (2 ½ x 3 ¾ in) to ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in), and two original watercolours ca. 6,5x20 cm (2 ½ x 7 ¾ in). Period style black gilt tooled half morocco with black cloth covers. A couple of album leaves with some mild traces of moisture but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This album of unique private photographs compiled by (mostly likely) an English lady (several photos which show the photographer are captioned "self") shows a variety of locations in central Japan, including the topography, architecture and local scenes. Included are images of Nikko (over 20 photographs): Temple procession (6 photos); Monastery Garden (4 photos); Gangnam ga fuchi (4 photos); Japanese girls in Kimono (4 photos); Tomb of Shogun Leyasu; Nasu Dake (Mount Nasu): 20 photographs including crater, inn, Nasu village; Kyoto: 14 photographs including pagodas, Gion Shrine (Now Yasaka Shrine), Gion Procession, Teapot lane, Chionin Temple; Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture (over 10 photographs): Daibutsu (4 images); Beach (2 views); Hachiman Temple and Lotus Garden (4 images); Shrine; Trip to Mount Asama (15 images including Kawarayu, Shibukawa, Maebashi; 4 views of Asama Yama; Kusatsu); Chuzenji Lake (On the way (5 images); Lake (5 views); Lakeside hotel; 2 images of net fishing); Pack horse; 3 photographs of carts and drivers; planting rice; ploughing paddy; Yumoto Lake (2 views); Miyanoshita Onsen, Kanagawa Prefecture (Fujiya Hotel, White Japanese Cock).
25. [ASIA - KYRGYZSTAN]
[PANOV, Ivan N.]
[Collection of Thirty-Three Original Photographs of the Early Years of Soviet Kyrgyzstan, Showing First Steamers on Lake Issyk-Kul, Koisara and Jeti-Ögüz Resorts, Monument to Nikolay Przhevalsky at the Shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, and Over a Dozen Portraits of Kirghiz People Taken Near Przhevalsk (modern Karakol)].
Ca. 1929. Thirty-three loose gelatin silver prints from ca. 12,5x18 cm (5x7 in) to ca. 11,5x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ¼ in). One photo with a period pencil inscription in Russian on verso. Overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of early original photographs of views and scenes of Soviet Kyrgyzstan taken by talented Tashkent photographer Ivan Panov; many of his photos were printed as postcards by the State Art Publishing House (Izogiz) in the 1930s. Our collection shows the area near Przhevalsk (now Karakol) at the eastern tip of Lake Issyk-Kul and contains ten interesting photos of the first Soviet steamers on the lake. The construction of the “highest fleet in USSR” (1600 m above the sea level) started in 1925 at Jergalchak near Przhevalsk; our images include a general panorama of a bay of Issyk-Kul with the steamers in it, a view of several steamers at the wharf with the snow-capped mountains at distance, a scene of unloading logs on shore, and a series of four images depicting a steamer leaving the shore with the crowd of people watching it. Six photos depict Soviet camp type resort at Koisara (southern shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, 15 km away from Przhevalsk), showing a general panorama of the resort with the canteen and the yurts of the resort guests, close views of the yurts, the interior of the canteen, the resort guests at the canteen et al. There are also views of the monument to Nikolay Przhevalsky at the shore of Lake Issyk-Kul (about 9 km north of Przhevalsk), and of the famous Rock of Seven Bulls at the Jeti-Ögüz balneotherapic resort (southern shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, about 28 km west of Przhevalsk).
Over a dozen photos portray Kirghiz families and groups near Przhevalsk, shown next to their yurts, mounted on horses; women weaving a carpet; men with donkeys laden with firewood; a group of men mounted on horses on a street, women in beautiful native costumes, children, et al. Overall a historically significant visual archive of the early Soviet years in the region around Lake Issyk-Kul.
Ivan Panov actively worked for the State Art Publishing House (Izogiz), taking views of Central Asian cities and landscapes, as well as portraits of local people. Many of them were printed as postcards by the Izogiz in the 1930s (he is known for his views of Tashkent, Lake Issyk-Kul, Chelyabinsk, Moscow, Black Sea resorts and others).
26. [ASIA - PERSIA]
HERBERT, Thomas (1606-1682)
Some Yeares Travels into Divers Parts of Asia and Afrique. Describing especially the two Famous Empires, the Persian, and Great Mogull: weaved with the History of these later Times. And also, many rich and spatious Kingdomes in the Orientall India, and other parts of Asia; together with the adjacent Islas. Severally relating the Religion, Language, Qualities, Customes, Habit, Descent, Fashions, and other Observations touching them. With a revivall of the first Discoverer of America.
London: R. Bip. for Jacob Blome & Richard Bishop, 1638. Second Revised and Enlarged Edition. Quarto (27,5x18,5 cm). , 364,  pp. With a copper-engraved pictorial title-page and many copper-engravings including maps in text. Period dark brown gilt tooled half calf with brown gilt title label and marbled boards. Later endpapers, extremities, especially edges and corners of boards with wear, front hinge with crack but holding, last twenty pages with some worming of blank upper outer corner of text, not affecting text, but overall still a good copy.
"Herbert's narrative "is of considerable importance from a historical point of view, as giving us the only detailed account available of the first English embassy to Persia" (Cox I, p.248). In about 1626 Herbert secured "a place in Sir Dodmore Cotton's impending diplomatic mission to Shah Abbas of Persia. After several delays Cotton's party finally sailed from England on 23 March 1627. The mission turned out to be a diplomatic disaster. Both of its leaders, Sir Robert Shirley and Cotton, sickened and died during July 1628, while the shah's enthusiasm for Englishmen cooled. Herbert, along with the other survivors, then made the slow return to England, arriving at Gravesend on 12 January 1630. In the course of his travels he visited the notable Persian cities of Gombroon, Shiraz, Esfahan, Ashraf, Qazvin, and Qom as well as other Asian and African locales such as Surat, Mauritius, the Cape of Good Hope, and St Helena" (Oxford DNB); Howgego H67; Sabin 31471.
27. [ASIA - TIBET]
[IAKINF/ BICHURIN], [Nikita Jakovlevich] (1777-1853)
Opisanie Tibeta v Nyneshnem Yego Sostoyanii. S Kartoyu Dorogi iz Chen-du do Khlassy. Perevod s Kitaiskago [Description of Tibet in its Modern State. With a Map of the Road from Chen-du to Lhassa. Translated from Chinese].
Saint Petersburg: Typ. of the Imperial Foundling Home, 1828. First and only edition. Octavo. Xxvi, 223, [2 - errata] pp. With a large folding engraved map of Tibet and a hand coloured folding copper engraved view of Lhasa. Later dark green full sheep with richly decorated gilt and blind stamped ornaments on the boards; spine with raised bands, gilt stamped ornaments and gilt lettered title. Both original publisher’s wrappers bound in, first wrapper with a period ink inscription in Russian on verso: “Received on the 11th of September 1829 from the bookshop of the Department of Public Education” (in translation). Pale 19th century library stamps on verso of the map, title page, dedication leaf and in text, page 159/160 neatly remargined, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare Russian imprint with only ten paper copies found in Worldcat (Harvard University, UC Berkeley, Yale University, University of Washington, University of Kansas, Columbia University in the City of New York, University of Wisconsin, Cleveland Public Library, New York Public Library, Berlin State Library).
First Russian book about Tibet and first printed book by the famous Russian historian and translator archimandrite Iakinf, “the father of Russian sinology” (his “Notes on Mongolia” were published later the same year). Complete, with a large folding map of a caravan route from Chengdu (Sichuan province of China) to Lhasa (the main route to Tibet), and a picturesque hand coloured bird’s-eye view of Lhasa, “the first detailed view of the city to appear in a Western printed book” (Sotheby’s).
“A very rare and valuable account of Tibet from a Chinese perspective. The first and only edition in Russian and the first printing of this work in the West, translated by the Russian monk and Sinologist Iakinf Bichurin from the Chinese original of 1792. With a very fine hand-coloured bird's-eye view of Lhasa, the first detailed view of the city to appear in a Western printed book; the plan and key are present in only a very small number of copies. This book, edited by Lu Hua Chu, was written by the Chinese civil servant Ma Shao Yun, aided by Shung Mai-hai and was intended as an official government handbook for the Chinese army then occupying Tibet and to give information to the authorities in China about Tibet. The book is divided into two parts: the first is a topographical description of the route from Chen-du in Szechuan province to Lhasa; the second contains information on various aspects of Tibet, including its history, frontiers, the calendar, army, law, finances, dress, food, manners and customs, buildings, medicine, divination, and details of the Chinese administration. The translator, Iakinf Bichurin, spent 14 years as leader of the Russian Orthodox Mission to China in the early nineteenth century. His scholarly studies of China and Chinese culture brought him distinction as one of the founding fathers of Chinese studies and one of the first Russian Sinologists; he was also a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences” (Sotheby’s).
The main text is supplemented with two “articles” specially written by father Iakinf: a sketch of Tibet’s geography, history, population, education and administration; and an essay about history and modern state of religion in Tibet. The book was dedicated to princess Zinaida Volkonskaya (1789-1862), Russian soloist, poet and writer and an important figure in 19th-century Russian cultural life, who financially supported the publication of the book. In 1831 “Opisanie Tibeta” was translated into French by Julius von Klaproth who made Iakinf widely known in the European scientific circles (Description du Tibet, traduite partiellement du chinois en russe par le P. Hyacinthe Bitchourin, et du russe en français par M. ***; soigneusement revue et corrigée sur l’original chinois, complétée et accompagnée de notes par M. Klaproth. Paris: Imprimerie royale, 1831). Shorty after the book had been published, Russian Academy of Sciences made father Iakinf its member (1828); in 1831 he also joined the Asiatic Society of Paris.
Not in Yakushi (3rd edition).
28. [ASIA - TURKMENISTAN]
[PANOV, Ivan N.]
[Collection of Forty-Nine Original Photographs of Soviet Turkmenistan, Including Over Twenty Views of Ashgabat Taken Before the 1948 Earthquake, Views of Chardzhou, Mary, Kyzyl-Arvat, and Picturesque Portraits of the Local People].
Ca. 1928-1930. Forty-nine loose gelatin silver prints from ca. 13x18 cm (5 ¼ x 7 in) to ca. 10,5x16 cm (4 ¼ x 6 ¼ in). Seven photos captioned and/or numbered in Russian on verso. A couple of photos with minor small corners creases, one with a corner chip, but overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of early vivid photo views and scenes of Soviet Turkmenistan taken a few years after it had become a part of the Soviet Union (1924). The images were taken by talented Tashkent photographer Ivan Panov who worked for the State Art Publishing House in Moscow (Izogiz). Many of Panov’s views of Central Asian cities and landscapes, as well as portraits of local people were printed as postcards by the Izogiz in the 1930s (he is known for his views of Tashkent, Lake Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan, Chelyabinsk, Moscow, Black Sea resorts and others).
The collection includes over twenty views of Ashgabat taken before the city was heavily destroyed during the 1948 earthquake. The images show the Baha’i temple (first in the world, constructed in 1908, demolished in 1963), monument to V. Lenin (finished in 1927), Turkmen Institute of Culture (decorated with the sculptures of Reading Turkmens – a man and a woman), Turkmen State Museum, Polytechnic school, Ashgabat Central Committee of the Communist Party, the storefront of the Ashgabat branch of the State Publishing House (Gosizdat), railway station, covered galleries of the city market, building of the textile factory (constructed in 1924), three views of Ashgabat water tower built after a project by V. Shukhov, Ashgabat state theatre of Russian drama, cinema theatre, and others. There are also interesting views of a Turkmen aul (village) near Kyzyl-Arvat (now Serdar, north-west of Ashgabat); boats and boats men on the Amu Darya River at Chardzhou (now Turkmenabad); a market and a camel caravan at rest in Mary (an oasis in the Karakum Desert). Over a dozen portraits depict the Turkmen people at a market (selling watermelons, sheep, harnesses); local families outside or inside their yurts, children, camel drovers, and others. Overall an interesting collection of vivid views of first Soviet years in Turkmenistan.
29. [ASIA - VIETNAM - SAIGON]
CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of Saigon and Environs].
1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; six larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with cloth sides. Watercolours mounted laid paper leaves. Album overall in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.
30. [ATLAS OF THE WORLD]
PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius (after 83-ca 168 AD)
Geographiae Universae tum veteris tum novae absolvtissimum opus duobus voluminibus distinctum in quorum priore habentur Cl. Ptolemæi Pelvisiensis Geographicae enarrationis Libri octo. P. I-II.., [Universal Geography..,].
Cologne: Petrus Keschedt, 1597. Second Latin Edition. Quarto, 2 parts in one. [viii], 184, , ; 292 leaves, [28 leaves index]. With two elaborately engraved title-pages with oval cartouches within engraved allegorical borders and 63 full-page engraved maps printed on rectos or versos of letterpress. Bound without the double page world map (after Rumold Mercator) often found bound in after p. 28 in part 2, but with no trace that it was ever present. Period full vellum with manuscript title in ink on spine. New endpapers and text mildly age toned throughout, otherwise in very good original condition.
"Second edition of Ptolomy's Geographia edited by Giovanni Magnini which was first published in Venice 1596. The maps are exact copies of Girolamo Porro's maps used for the first edition and later Venetian editions. This is the issue without the colophon at the end of the "Index" (corresponding with a copy at Harvard)" (Sothebys); Alden & Landis 597/57; Phillips 404 (issue with colophon); Sabin 66493n and 43822; Shirley 201-204.
31. [AUSTRALIA - VICTORIA]
[Album of Thirty-six Early Albumen Photographs of Various Cities and Towns in the Australian State of Victoria Titled in Gilt on Front Cover:] Photographic Views of Victoria.
Ca. 1880. Quarto (ca. 27x22,5 cm). Thirty-six stiff card leaves. With thirty-six mounted albumen photographs each ca. 16x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in). All captioned in pencil on mounts. With a presentation inscription on front free fly leaf: "A Souvenir of Victoria to Mrs. Rose from A. & S. Th. Melbourne, 4th of January 1882. Period black decoratively gilt tooled full sheep album. Rebacked in style. A few photographs mildly faded but overall a very good collection of interesting early photographs.
The Victorian Gold Rush of the 1850s and 60s led to a significant economic and population expansion in Victoria and the rivalry with New South Wales resulted in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880 which was the first official World's Fair in the Southern Hemisphere. This interesting collection of early photographs of the towns and cities in post gold rush Victoria documents the development of the state at that time and includes images of: the Melbourne International Exhibition; Interior Opening Day; West Melbourne from Exhibition Dome; Independent Church Collins St.; Sailor's Home Spencer St.; Bourke St. East; Melbourne Town Hall; Bourke St. West; Scot's Church Collins St.; New Eastern Market; Museum; St. Kilda's Road; Government House; Kew Lunatic Asylum from Studley Park; Punt - Simpson Road; Melbourne from South Yarra; Melbourne from the Domain; Mountain Tree Ferns Dandenung State Forest; Coranderrk Aboriginal Station; Lower Falls on Creek Scene; Moorabool River Railway Viaduct; Clunes; Ferns; Geelong Railway Station; Scene on the Yarra; Stawell Mining Township; Aqueduct over River Plenty; Ballarat Mines; Castlemaine; Geelong West; Echuca Punt; Castlemain State Quarries; Falls Lower Campaspe; Hesket; Bush Sawmills (near Stawell); River Scene (with presumably the photographer by the river bank).
32. [BRAZIL - RIO DE JANEIRO]
BIPPUS, Carlos & THIELE
[Album of 124 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs and 15 Postcards of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil].
Ca. 1925. Oblong Large Quarto (22x30 cm). Ca. 100 album leaves. With 124 gelatin silver photographs with 37 larger one ca. 16x22 cm (6 ½ x 9 in.) and 87 smaller ones 13,5x9 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in) and smaller. Period wooden exotic wood covers with maroon blind stamped morocco spine. Front cover with pictorial marquetry of Rio's Guanabara Bay. Overall a very good attractive album in near fine condition with interesting strong images.
This album of Rio de Janeiro shows views and architecture of the city, as captured by personal photographs, postcards and studio photos (mostly by Carlos Bippus and some by Thiele). The views show key buildings such as the Municipal Theatre, Hotel Avenida, and Niemeyer avenue. One photograph by Thiele shows the Independence Centenary International Exposition (1922), and several photographs show the Boa Vista Park. Rio neighbourhoods highlighted include Gloria, Botafogo, and Santa Teresa. Over 15 images show views of the surrounding landscape, including beaches (Flemish Beach) and mountains. Interesting are the images of the cable car to access Pão de Açúcar/Sugarloaf Mountain, which opened in 1912 as the third cableway to be built in the world. Also included are images of near-by municipalities including Igreghina, Petropolis, Niteroi and Theresopolis, mostly photographed by Bippus. Finally, a series of post-card type images shows portraits of a variety of Brazilian merchants. Overall, an interesting collection of images of the natural landscapes and architecture of Rio de Janeiro.
List of Photos:
Carlos Bippus: Rio de Janeiro; Rio de Janeiro; Rio de Janeiro Visto do Pao de Assucar; Rio de Janeiro Praia do Horpoador; Theatro Municipal Rio de Janeiro; Rio de Janeiro, Gloria; Rio de Janeiro, Igreginha; Avenida Niemeyer, Rio de Janeiro; Luar na Avenida Niemeyer; Avenida Niemeyer Avenida Niemeyer, Rio de Janeiro, Botafogo ; Botafogo; Passeio Publico; Canal do Mangue; Petropolis; Resaca 5. VII. 25 Na Praia do Flamengo; Trecho na Praia de Itapuca, Nictheroy; No Parque da Quinta da Boa Vista; Alto de Boa Vista, Cascatinha; Curvas da Estrada de Automovel de Petropolis a Theresopolis; O Dedo de Deus ; Theresopolis, Trecho Na Caixa D’Agua; Teresopolis, Estado do Rio, Cascata de Jmbumy; Jardim Botanico; Theresopolis, Caixa d’Agua; Theresopolis Estado do Rio, Trecho na Caixa d’Agua; Mata Virgem Cortada Pela Estrada de Automovel Petropolis a Theresopolis, Estado do Rio; Jardim Botanico; Vista do Alto do Corcovado Pela Gavea
Thiele: View of Rio de Janeiro; Exposiçao Internacional do Centenario 1922; Praia Icarahy, Nictheroy; Santa Thereza e Gloria, Rio de Janeiro
Others: Caminbo aeren Pão de Açúcar; Hotel Gloria (D.K.); Rio de Janeiro, Gavea; Sanatorio; Sanatorio; Resaca 4 VII 25; Resaca 4 VII 25; Resaca 4 VII 25; Praia de Icarahy, Nictheroy; Praia de Icarahy; Rio av. Rio Branco (Studio Huberti); Jardim Botanico; Quitandeiro; Peixeiro; Vendedor de flôres; Vendedir de vassouras; Parelha de bois; Vendedor de Bacias; Tropeiro; Tropa em marcha; Tropa descarregada; Gallinheiro; Gallinheiroo; Doceiro; Padeiro
33. [CANADA - DAWSON CITY, YUKON]
[LARSS & DUCLOS?]
[Original Three Part Gelatin Silver Photograph Panorama of Dawson City, Y.T.]
Ca. 1900. Three part gelatin silver print ca. 15x61,5 cm (6 x 24 ½ in. joined by black linen strips. With a crease caused by incorrect folding, but otherwise a very good strong panorama.
"Dawson City was the centre of the Klondike Gold Rush. It began in 1896 and changed the First Nations camp into a thriving city of 40,000 by 1898. By 1899, the gold rush had ended and the town's population plummeted as all but 8,000 people left. When Dawson was incorporated as a city in 1902, the population was under 5,000" (Wikipedia).
"Joseph E.N. Duclos (1863-1917) was born in Quebec but moved to Maine where he learned his photography skills. He and his wife Emily arrived in Dawson in 1898 via St. Michael and the Yukon River. Duclos worked as a miner on Lovett Gulch before joining Per Edward Larss in the photography firm of Larss and Duclos on April 1, 1899. Duclos specialized in studio portraits while Larss roamed the streets and the gold fields. They sold views of the Chilkoot Pass, Dawson and gold fields scenes taken in 1898 advertising "Thousands of negatives in stock". Larss and Duclos also sold film and supplies for amateurs. The firm was dissolved in 1904 when Larss left the Yukon but Duclos continued as a photographer in Dawson until 1912, when he sold his studio to E.O. Ellingsen. Duclos reported to Larss in 1905 that he was getting a fair share of the work although there was competition in the portrait business from Edward Adams and Mrs. Edith Goetzman. Joseph Duclos died of pneumonia after undergoing surgery in Alaska in 1917" (virtualmuseum.ca).
34. [CAPTAIN COOK]
SELB, Josef (1784-1832)
[A large Oval Lithographed Portrait Titled:] James Cook. G. (sic) Webber pinx. Jos. Selb del.
[Munich?], ca. 1821. Lithographed oval portrait ca. 20x17,5 cm on sheet of beige wove paper ca. 41,5x29 cm. Accompanied by double sided printed text sheet of Captain Cook's biography in German, also on beige wove paper, watermarked "Mde I. A. Huber." Both portrait and text leaf in fine condition.
A rare unusual German lithographed portrait of Captain James Cook (1728-1779) after a Francesco Bartolozzi (1727-1815) engraving of the John Webber (1751-1793) painting of Captain Cook from 1776 (now in the National Portrait Gallery). This portrait is different from the Bartolozzi engraving in that Captain Cook is looking left rather than right.
Joseph Selb was a painter and lithographer. He received his first artistic instruction from his older brother Karl, and in 1799 he took up studies at the Academy of Düsseldorf, where he stayed for two years. After he returned home, he helped his brother paint a number of Tyrolean churches. When these works were completed, the two brothers went to Munich to further develop their art. At the outbreak of the Tyrolean uprising in 1809, Karl returned to the Tyrol, but Joseph remained in Munich. With the endorsement of the royal lithography inspector Michael Mettenleiter, he was appointed to the surveying and mapping commission where brilliant achievements in the field of lithography were achieved, also with Selb's input. Then in 1816, Selb took over the management of the Zeller lithography Institute. Later he was active in the continuation of the Royal Galeriewerk, begun by Strixner and Piloty (deutsche-biographie.de).
35. [CARIBBEAN - CUBA]
Guía de forasteros en la siempre fiel isla de Cuba, y calendario manual para el año segundo despues de bisiesto [A Guide for Visitors to the always faithful Island of Cuba, and Annual Calendar…].
Habana: Del Gobierno y Capitanía General, 1838. Duodecimo (15x10 cm). 368 pp. (last page in numbered “468” by mistake). Ink inscription on verso of the first free endpaper. Period light brown full morocco with gilt tooled decorative borders on both boards, spine with gilt tooled borders and gilt lettered title; marbled papered endpapers, all edges coloured. A fine clean copy in beautiful binding.
A fine copy of the important Cuban periodical which was first published in 1781 by an outstanding Cuban writer and journalist Diego de la Barrera (1746-1802). This statistical almanac includes complete information on Cuban civil, military and religious administration, with the thorough lists of names of the current governor and his associates in Havana and other cities, mayors and staff of the town halls, certified lawyers, notaries, prosecutors, judges, land surveyors, consuls of foreign powers on Cuba; Catholic bishops, priests, and monks; teachers and professors of the Royal University of Havana, St. Carlos and St. Ambrosio Royal Seminary, Free School of Drawing and Painting; members of the Royal Patriotic Society of Santiago de Cuba, and Royal Patriotic Society of Havana (the latter with the branches in different parts of the island), College of Brokers (Collegio de corredores); list of hospitals and other establishments of public health, names of certified doctors, dentists, and pharmacists, staff of the botanical garden; information about the railways on the island (just launched in 1837); members of the Treasury, administrators of banks and other financial institutions. Part seven with a separate title page which contains lists of Cuban military commanders, starting with Captain General of Cuba Miguel Tacón y Rosique, up to the officers of all Cuban regiments; the last chapter lists all officers of the Royal fleet on Cuba. There is also a calendar, chronological lists of Spanish monarchs and Cuban Captain Generals, and others; the main text is supplemented with the alphabetical index of the main subjects.
36. [CARIBBEAN - FRENCH TRADE]
[Manuscript Journal in English Titled:] An Arrêt for Establishing a Council of Commerce, Paris, [29th June] 1700.
Ca. 1700. Quarto (24.5x19.5cm). [ii], 11, 196 pp. Manuscript journal written in a neat and easily legible cursive script in brown ink on laid paper, with the ownership inscription "Sam Browns - 1735." Handsome period dark brown elaborately gilt tooled panelled full calf with gilt title label. Rebacked in period style, some very minor foxing but overall in very good condition.
This English translation of the 1700 Paris Arrêt of the King's Council of State for Establishing a Council of Commerce, contains petitions and reports presented by the deputies of the Council of Trade in France to the Royal Council. This manuscript almost certainly pre-dates the printed bilingual version in French and English which was published in Paris in 1701. The main articles contained include: "A memorial concerning the Guinea Company, the commerce of the French colonies in America, the present state of the islands, which the French possess there, & the means of preserving & extending their trade in those parts; with remarks upon the restraining some branches of commerce to certain ports & upon exclusive companies, as also on farms certain commodities, particularly the farms of tobacco and sugar" (this article describes the French colonies in the West Indies including French Guiana, Grenada, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint-Kitts, Saint Croix, Dominican Republic, Dominica, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint Martin with details on their size, number of colonists, slaves, conditions of the soil and main settlements and crops also being given). Another article describes French commerce with the Levant and why Marseilles "alone has the privilege of trading thither." Other articles describe how French trade can be restored with Spain and the Northern Countries. While one other important issue discussed is the "scarcity of gold & silver bullion, & the exportation of coin out of the kingdom." France's King Louis XIV of France wanted to restore, improve and expand trade after the Nine Years' War had been concluded with the Treaty of Ryswick and so this Arret represents a comprehensive study of the state of French trade and how these goals could be accomplished.
37. [CARIBBEAN - GUADALOUPE & MARTINIQUE]
[Album with Eighty-Six Original Photographs of Two French Navy School Ships Including Views of Onboard Activities and Stops in Guadeloupe, Martinique, Malta, Portugal, Algeria, France and Belgium Titled:] Campagne d’Été (Aout 1885) à bord du Bougainville – École Navale, Manche-Anvers Campagne d’Application à bord de la frégate d’Iphigénie (5 Octobre 1886-30 Juillet 1887) – Atlantique-Méditerranée occidentale [Summer Voyage (August 1885) Aboard the Bougainville - Naval School, Manche-Antwerp Voyage aboard the Frigate Iphigénie (5 October 1886-30 July 1887) - Atlantic - Western Mediterranean].
Ca. 1885-1887. Large Folio album ca. 35,5x27,5 cm (14 x 10 ¾ in). 86 original photographs including 80 albumen prints and 6 cyanotypes, mounted on recto and/or verso of 29 leaves ca. 34,5x24,5 cm (13 ½ x 9 ½ in). 10 large photographs from ca. 23,5x17,5 cm (9 ¼ x 6 ¾ in) to ca. 27,5x23,5 cm (10 ¾ x 9 ¼ in), one photograph ca. 5,5 x 9 cm (2 x 3 ½ in) and the rest ca. 13,5x9,5 cm (5 ¼ x 3 ¾ in) to ca. 12x18,5 cm (4 ½ x 7 ¼ in). All captioned in period manuscript black ink on mount and/or in negative on the photograph. Period brown half sheep with gilt bands, brown pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Album leaves slightly waved, covers with some mild wear at extremities, but overall album and photographs in very good condition.
This album contains photographs showing onboard activities, landscapes and port cities during the travels of two French Navy School ships. The majority of the album focuses on a voyage aboard the Iphigénie frigate from October 5th 1886 to July 30th 1887 around the Mediterranean sea and across the Atlantic Ocean to the Caribbean. Two large photographs show a rare views of a equatorial line-crossing ceremony in November 1886 during which the crew dress up in costumes. Several photographs show landscapes of the Caribbean, including the Islands of the Saints, «La Grande Anse» and the Chameau Mountain in Guadeloupe, as well as the Madame river in Martinique. Additionally, there are two portraits of laundresses in Fort de France, Martinique. Eight photographs of Malta include a panorama of Valletta, views of the port, and streets in the Faubourg of Lisla. There are several images showing Portugal, including the Tower of Belem in Lisbon and eight views of the Pena Palace in Sintra. Photographs of Algeria include views of Alger and Mers-el-Kébir and two portraits of Moorish women. Also shown are several onboard exercises, such as firing the canon, and military exercices on land, such as landing exercises. The album also contains photographs of another Naval School ship’s voyage from Manche, France to Anvers, Belgium onboard the Bougainville in 1885. These include views of the Saint André Church and the Calvaire St Paul in Anvers as well as two destroyer stationed in the Brest port, the Terrible and the d’Estaing. Overall a historically interesting early album showing scenes of the voyages and activities of French Naval School ships in the Mediterranean, Atlantic and Caribbean.
List of Captioned Images:
Chaire de la cathédrale d’Anvers; Chaire de l’église de St André, Anvers; Anvers, Lot de la Bourse; Salle du Conseil – Palais des Grands Maîtres, Malte; Chef de Corporation par G. De Vos – Musée d’Anvers; Malte – Le Port, Polyphemus torpilleur anglais, lance torpilles sous l’eau- guille mobile; Le Christ de Léonard de Vinci, cathédrale d’Anvers; Malte – L’entrée du port; Le Christ de Rubens; Malte – Le Port; L’Intérieur de St André (Anvers); Calvaire St Paul (Anvers); L’Adoration de l’agneau de Van Dyck; Iphigénie au mouillage dans le port de Philippeville (Mai 1887); Tour de Belem – Lisbonne – Octobre 86; Faubourg de Belem (Lisbonne); Couvent des Hicronymites – Lisbonne; Château Royal de la Pena sur la Suerra Cintra (30 kil ouest de Lisbonne); Porte d’entrée du Château de la Pena; Château de la Pena; Château de la Pena porte d’entrée; Ruines du château des Maures sur un piton en face de la Pena; Autre vue de la Pena prise de la route qui y conduit; Cour intérieure de la Pena. À gauche, vue sur l’océan. A droite, porte d’entrée (diable); Château de la Pena, Porte donnant accès aux galeries qui conduisent à la porte principale (diable); La Pena; Blanchisseuse de Fort de France dans ses plus beaux atours; Maison particulière sur la savane à Fort de France; La fête du passage de la Ligne à bord de l’Iphigénie, Passage à la baille pour le baptème; Paysages des environs de Fort de France; Arbre à Pain; Rivière Madame Fort de France; La fête du passage de la Ligne à bord de l’Iphigénie Novembre 1886. Le défilé du roi tropique et sa suite; Decembre 86 à Janvier 87 Deux Vues prises des flancs du chameau; Mouillage des Saintes (terre d’en haut), le bourg à droite, le fort Napoleon à gauche, le fort de la bête rouge au premier plan, l’Iphigénie; La terre d’en haut, Le Bourg, anse du fond curé au premier plan puis petite anse puis anse du bourg; Alger, Vue générale prise des jetées; Mauresque d’Alger – Aïcha ; Le Bourg des Saintes; Vue Prise des flancs du Chameau, du bourg des Saintes et d’un ravin; Terrible, cuirasse d’escadre, canon du 42 eme; L’Iphigénie au mouillage des Saintes prise des bords de l’anse du bourg, porte sable à droite, porte à vache et paté à gauche; L’ilet à Cabrits, l’Iphigénie, les aspirants aux observations; Square sur le quai d’Ajaccio 13 Mai 1887; L’ilet à Cabrits; Montagne du Chameau aux pieds le fort de la tête rouge puis le pain de sucre, au dernier plan, la terre d’en bas; Exercice du canon de débarquement aux Saintes; Blanchisseuse du Fort de France; Exercices en terrains variés, compagnie de débarquement de l’Iphigénie aux Saintes, Montagne de Chameau au milieu au dernier plan; Formation contre la cavalerie; Ruines près de Quimperlé Juillet 1887; Appartements du 1er président à Alger Mai-Juin 1887; Exercices de débarquement aux Saintes; Dakar mi-Novembre 1886; Le bourg des saintes; La Grande Anse (Saintes) Tir du fusil; L’Iphigénie aux Saintes – Port Napoléon à droite; Ajaccio place Grandal; Statue d’Abattuci Ajaccio près du rivage, sortie de la ville en allant à Bastia; La Valette, Malte, fin de Mai 1887; 4e poste Babord, l’Iphigénie; 1er poste Babord; Champion, poste de guerre de Malte-Anse des Français; Strada Crocifixo (Malte); Strada Vittoria (Malte); Grotte de Napoléon à Ajaccio; Saintes-Escrime au Sabre; Galerie dans le palais des Grands Maître, Malte; Iphigénie à Malte- Anse des Français; Iphigénie, Gaillard d’arrière; Tir du canon de l’Iphigénie; Gaillard d’Avant, l’Iphigénie; Tir du canon revolver sur la dunette; Dunette de l’Iphigénie; Le Terrible en armement dans le port de Brest; Le d’Estaing en armement dans le port de Brest; Mers-el-Kébir 10-13 Juin 1887; Mers-el-Kébir Le Port, vue prise de la route d’Aïn el Turk; Tir du canon de 10 c/m Gaillard d’avant de l’Iphigénie; Ecouvillonnez; Types Algériens, Femme Mauresque d’Oran; Dunette tribord prise de la grande hume; Gaillard d’avant de l’Iphigénie prise de la Grande Hume.
38. [CARIBBEAN - JAMAICA (KINGSTON EARTHQUAKE 1907)]
[Album of Sixty Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Titled:] A Visit to Jamaica in 1907 Immediately After the Great Earthquake.
1907. Oblong Quarto (ca. 20x25.5 cm). 30 dark green stiff card album leaves. Sixty gelatin silver photographs (47 glossy and 13 matte) ranging in size from ca. 11x15,5 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in.) to ca, 7,5x10 cm (3x4 in) mounted recto on album leaves. All captioned on mounts in manuscript white ink. With two ephemeral pieces of R.M.S. "Port Kingston" tipped in: Souvenir - Imperial Direct West India Mail Service Co. Ld. - Log of the R.M.S. "Port Kingston" (voyage 22) & Dinner D' Adieu 11-3-07 & Programme of Athletic Sports Tuesday March 5th 1907. Also loosely inserted Passenger list T.S.S. "Tahiti" Sailing.., For Sydney (Oct. 1911). Period black gilt tooled half morocco with dark green pebbled cloth boards. Rebacked in style, extremities with mild wear and boards with some mild water staining, but overall a very good collection of interesting photographs.
This interesting private album of a voyage to Jamaica soon after the 1907 earthquake, shows onboard scenes and over fifteen detailed views of the damage caused by the earthquake in Kingston and includes views the Colonial Bank ruins, King Street in ruins, Orange Street in ruins, Queen Victoria's statue turned around by earthquake and the damage to the Parish Church. Other views include over ten images of Ocho Rios including the Sylvia Lawn Hotel and its staff as well as numerous views of the beach and several views of Montego Bay, Constant Spring showing Earthquake damage and views of Spanish Town and the Rio Cobra River.
The collection of photographs include: Onboard: Ship deck; Approaching Turks Island; Wheelbarrow race on deck; Port Royal, showing sunken trees; Sunrise over Blue Mountains, Jamaica; Couple on Deck; Kingston: Nearing the wharves; Alongside a Wharf; Colonial Bank Ruins; Street Ruins; King Street (4 views, including ruins and fire damage); Orange Street; Crowds at the Market; People waiting in line at The Halfway Tree; Constant Spring Hotel; View from Constant Spring Hotel; The Parish Church (two views, visible damage); Queen Victoria’s Statue affected by Earthquake; Wharves seen from Shore.
Ocho Rios: Sylvia Lawn Hotel (two views, one with staff); Beach (Seven views, including private cove and family photos); The Fording (two views); Cocoa-nut palms; River Falls (coloured photo) Spanish Town: Royal Palms; Admiral Rodneys Monument; Rio Cobra River (four views); Street view Castleton: Hut on the Road to Castleton; Castleton Gardens (three views) Moneague: On the Road to Moneague; Palm Trees; View; Fern Gully; Montego Bay (five views, including a Country Spring and Dry River Bed); Constant Spring showing Earthquake Damage.
The January 14, 1907 Kingston earthquake had a magnitude of 6.5 and was considered at that time one of the world's worst in history.
39. [EGYPT & PALESTINE]
BEATO, Antonio; SÉBAH, Pascal; BONFILS, Félix; ARNOUX, Hippolyte; FIORILLO, Luigi; DUMAS, Tancrède
[Album of Eighty-four Large Original Albumen Photographs of Egypt (74) and Palestine (10)].
Ca. 1875. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x38 cm). 48 stiff card leaves (five blank). 84 large albumen prints mounted on recto and verso, vast majority are ca. 22x28 cm (8 ½ x 11 in). Over 40 images captioned, numbered and/or signed by the studios in negative. All photos with period manuscript ink captions in French, some quite detailed. Period dark brown full morocco, all edges gilt. Covers with some minor wear, some photos and mounts with mild foxing, but overall a very good collection of photographs.
An interesting album most likely compiled by a French Diplomat stationed in Cairo as seven images show the Palais de L’Agence Diplomatique de France au Caire (French Diplomatic Agency Building in Cairo). The vast majority (74) of photographs show the ancient and contemporary sites in Egypt, while the other ten photographs show Jerusalem. The photographers represented are: Antonio Beato (after 1832 – 1906; active 1862- ca. 1900, established in Luxor in 1870); Pascal Sébah (1823 - 1886; active before 1878, studio in Constantinople); Félix Bonfils (1831 – 1885; active 1867-81, studio in Beirut); Hippolyte Arnoux (active ca. 1865 onwards, resident in Port Saïd); Tancrède Dumas (1830–1905; active late 1860s-90s); Luigi Fiorillo (d. 1898; active 1870s onwards).
The photographs included in this album are: Egypt: Road to the Pyramids; Pyramids of Giza and Sphinx (before and during excavation); View of the Nile River; The First Cataract of the Nile (three images, one shows a view encompassing Elephantine island and English camp near Aswan); Abou Simbel Temple (façade and interior); Philae Island (four images including Hypethral Temple and Great Temple; Edfu Temple (three perspectives, including beams at back of court); Luxor Temple (four perspectives, including view from the Nile, obelisk and statue of Ramses II); Karnak Temple Complex (thirteen images, including sacred lake, obelisk of Queen Hatasu; Hypostyle Hall (four images, including detailed photograph of bas reliefs), Sphinx Avenue, First Pylon, Second Pylon, columns); Medinet Habu (ruins of Ramses III palace, columns, court of Ramses III, bas reliefs); Theban Necropolis (Ramasseum, Colossi of Memnon, Bas reliefs in Deir el-Bahari; Abydos (Portrait of Seti I, Bas reliefs in Chamber of Amon, Mortuary Temple of Seti I (4 images)); Dendera Temple (bas reliefs on back, façade); Saqqara (Statue of Ramses II, Bas reliefs in Mastaba of Ti); Cairo (View, Rue du Caire, Tombs of Califes, Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan, Interior of Qaytbay Mosque; French Embassy (Maison St Maurice, Bronze Door, Patio, Salon des Cachemires); Palm trees and Indigenous peoples (two images in Northern Egypt and Nile Valley), Group of Beherians, Irrigation tools (two images including Shadoof and Sakia), Studio Portraits (Arab Musicians from Esna and Merchants); Objects from Bulaq Museum, Suez Canal (three images, including views of El Kantarr and Port Saïd and Bien-Hoa ship).
Palestine: Panorama of Jerusalem taken from the Mount of Olives (three perspectives), The Valley of Josaphat, St. Stephen’s Gate, Church of the Holy Sepulchre (entrance and interior, four images), Mosque of Omar.
40. [EGYPT (NILE VOYAGE)]
MONK, Charles James (1824-1900)
[Collection of Five Autograph Letters Signed From Charles Monk to his Mother and Sister, Written during his Travels up and down the Nile, With Interesting Notes on the Temples and Sites Visited, Latest Events in Egypt, His Dragoman and the Boat Crew, Hunting Trips, Other European and American Travellers on the Nile et al.].
Kenneh, Thebes, Cairo, on board French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 1848-1849. Five Autograph Letters Signed, all Quarto (from ca. 26,5x21,5 cm to ca. 24,5x20 cm). Brown ink on white or blueish paper. In total 19 pp. of text. Each letter addressed and with postal and quarantine stamps on the 4th page, four letters numbered from 50 to 53 in the upper left corners of the first leaves. Fold marks, paper mildly age toned, four letters with minor holes on the margins of the second leaves after opening, affecting several letters or words, one letter with minor tears on fold, affecting several letters, but overall a very good collection.
Important collection of original letters written by British politician Charles James Monk during his travel to Asia Minor and Egypt in 1848-1849 shortly after his graduation from Cambridge. The letters describe Monk’s travels along the Nile and give a valuable private commentary to his printed account “The Golden Horn and Sketches is Asia Minor, Egypt, Syria, and the Hauraan” (London, 1851, 2 vols.). Monk arrived in Alexandria in the beginning of October 1848 and proceeded to Cairo from where he sailed up the Nile turning back at the second cataract near Wadi Halfa in the end of November. Two letters were written during the trip in Upper Egypt – in Thebes and Kenneh. Monk talks about sites visited, his Dragoman and the crew of his boat, travel companion and other European and American travel groups in Egypt, excessive heat and flies, his numerous hunting trips when he shot among others several plovers, pigeons, a “splendid solan goose,” and a crocodile; cheap prices for local eggs and bread; mentions the death of the Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt (1789-1848); the election of Louis Napoleon the President of the French Republic and shares his plans for the further travel to Sinai, Palestine and Syria. The last letter written at the end of the travel contains a critique on Alphonse de Lamartine’s book “Voyage en Orient” (1835).
Later in life Monk became a director of the Suez Canal Company (1884).
Some excerpts from the letters:
1) The Thebaid, Upper Egypt, Kenneh 9 November 1848.
“The waters are now rapidly subsiding, but the breadth of this extraordinary river & the body of water which is spread upon the lands for miles on either side is quite wonderful, when we consider that it is unassisted by any tributary streams. The flies are so annoying that I scarcely have patience to endure them <…> We have fortunately left mosquitoes behind us a little above Cairo <…> our Reis & crew continue to give us satisfaction, but they always have that […?] word “Baksheesh” <…> in their mouths. I have been perfectly well ever since I have been in the Nile, as also has my companion Mr. May. This is the most delightful mode of travelling you can imagine. I am afraid I begin to take a selfish pleasure in it <…> Note that the Nile is falling, the peasants are busy at work with the shadoof raising water for the irrigation of their lands…”
2) Thebes. Upper Egypt. 17 December 1848 & Kenneh 21 December 1848.
“After leaving Kenneh we reached Thebes in two days, spent Sunday on the Western bank, where are the temples of El Koorhen, the Memnonium containing the fallen granite statue of Remeses the Great (1350 B.C.), the largest statue in the world, & that of Medeenet Aboo, & the two Colossal statues in the Plain, one of which is called the vocal Memnon from the circumstance of a sound having come from its mouth every morning at sunrise. From Thebes to Esouan, the first cataract we were about a week. The falls here are not more than 6 or 7 feet & we passed with the united efforts of about 200 men, who hauled the boat up with an enormous rope; & the same afternoon we came to the small island of Philae, on which are two temples of singular interest. <…> Our furthest point was Wadi Halfeh, the second grand cataract beyond which no boat can pass, lying between 21° & 22° N. Latitude. <…> The Governor at Wady Halfeh was a kind & agreeable Turk & came on board & dined with us & paid us several visits. He would have assisted us in going up to Dongola, but of course that was not on the question, & in fact I did not feel any desire so to do in camels by the river’s bank. <…> The death of Ibrahim Pasha, which you […?] from my last letter was daily expected, has fortunately not caused the slightest disturbance in Upper Egypt <…> Our Dragoman we were obliged to put on shore at Edfoo above Thebes, for he proved to be a perfect scoundrel.”
3) Hotel d’Orient, Cairo. 5 January 1849.
“We have enjoyed our Nile tour excessively & since leaving Kenneh we have seen some monuments of extreme interest including the grottoes of Beni Hassan, which illustrate the manners & avocations of ancient Egyptians even better than the royal tombs of Thebes. The Pyramids we have visited & examined throughout their details with great care, & we have certainly returned from our tour impressed with a high idea of the wonderful excellence which the Egyptians had attained in the arts & sciences in the early ages of the world. <…> At Beni Hassan I shot another crocodile. It is the most Northerly point at which they are ever found, & not very often there. Mt. May likewise killed a very small one in Nubia measuring 4 ft 3 inch.”
4) Oriental Hotel, Cairo. 18 January 1849.
“I little expected to see in Africa the prettiest gardens that I have ever met with; yet such if the case. The gardens of Mohammad Ali at Shubra are perfectly beautiful. They are filled with orange trees. <…> Ibrahim Pasha’s gardens in the Island of Rhoda are very pretty, but they were unfortunately 4 feet underwater last August owing to the excessive rise of the Nile. The Cairine bazaars, Mosques, Baths, & all other public buildings are so far inferior & even mean in comparison with those at Stamboul, that it would not be worth while giving any detailed account of them…”
V. On board the French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 100 leagues off Malta. 24 April 1849.
“I now feel my painful duty - don’t be alarmed – to denounce M. De la Martin as a gross impostor & unworthy of credit. His book is [full?] of misrepresentations from beginning to end & was the cause of much disappointment to me especially in respect to Beirut. Like many towns on the coast Beirut is very pretty from the Sea, but its environs can lay no claim to the extraordinary beauty with which La Martin has clothed them. The Lebanon both alone & below Beirut has much lovely scenery & I spent two or three most delightful days among the mountains, for we made up a very pleasant party (5 of us) & visited <…> Deir el Kammor [Deir al-Qamar], the Capital of the Druzes, where the banished Emir Beschir [Bashir Shihab II] used to live.”
41. [EGYPT, PALESTINE, TURKEY & GREECE]
FIORILLO, Luigi; SÉBAH, Pascal; BONFILS, Félix; ARNOUX, Hippolyte
[Collection of Two Albums with Eighty-two Large Original Albumen Photographs of Egypt, Palestine, Turkey and Greece].
1887. Oblong Folios (ca. 25,5x36 cm) with 23 and 21 stiff card album leaves respectively (one blank) ca. 31,5x23,5 cm. 82 large albumen prints each ca. 20,5x26 cm (8 x 10 ¼ in) and four small albumen prints each ca. 14x10 cm (5 ½ x 4 in) mounted on recto and/or verso of the leaves. Over 60 images captioned, numbered and/or signed by the studios in negative. Very handsome elaborate period black decoratively gilt tooled full morocco, bevelled edges, all edges gilt and with brass clasps. Extemities mildly worn, front joints split, a few photographs mildly faded but overall very attractive albums of interesting photographs.
This collection of photographs of Egypt, Palestine, Turkey and Greece, includes views of ancient and contemporary sites. Over 25 photographs of Egypt signed and captioned in negative by Luigi Fiorillo (active 1870s onwards, established in Alexandria) including contemporary views of Alexandria, numerous photographs of Cairo including images of locals and visitors at the Sphinx and Pyramid of Giza, and several portraits. Twenty photographs of Palestine signed and captioned by Fiorillo and several signed and captioned by Bonfils (active 1867-81, studio in Beirut) show contemporary streets of Jerusalem and Bethlehem as well as sites such as the Valley of Josaphat and the Austrian Hospice. Fifteen images of Constantinople, the majority signed and captioned in negative by Pascal Sébah (active before 1878, established in Constantinople), show views of the city, several famous sites and the Scutari monument, a Crimean War memorial that was revealed in 1856. Unusual is a photographs of a painting of Whirling Dervishes, printed and signed in negative by Sébah.
The photographs include: Egypt (mostly by Fiorillo): Alexandria (The Consuls’ Square; Abbat Hotel; Ras el-Tin Palace; Pompey’s Pillar; Field of Palm Trees; Cleopatra’s Needle); Cairo (Street with Locals, photograph by Arnoux; Arab Cemetery and Citadel; Tombs of the Mamluks; Tombs of the Califs; Garden and Cave of Azbakeya; Gezirah Palace (two images, including General View of the South Side and Kiosk and Palace Lake); Boulak Museum (Court and Interior); Temple of Kahfre; Visitors and Local People at the Sphinx; Great Pyramid of Giza (four images, including View of Village of Giza, Entrance to Pyramid and People Descending the Pyramid); Banks of the Nile River; The Holy Tree of Matarieh; Obelisk at Heliopolis); Portraits (including Peasant Women, Man and Donkey Carrying Water); Arab Bazaar; Man on Camel; Water Vendor
Palestine (mostly by Fiorillo): Road to Jerusalem in Abou Gosh; Jerusalem (Panorama; Church of the Holy Sepulchre (entrance and exterior); Gethsemane and the Mount of Olives; Church of the Pater Noster on the Mount of Olives; Valley of Josaphat (two perspectives, one includes the Tomb of Josaphat); The Cenacle and David’s Tomb; Church of the Flagellation; The Village of Siloam; Tombs of the Kings; Austrian Hospice (two images); Mosque of Omar; The Western Wall; Leprous Woman; Ancient streets); Bethlehem (Church of the Nativity; Street view); Portrait of Vincent Bracco (Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem); View of Reinhart’s Hotel in Ramla; View of Jaffa; Street of Jaffa
Greece: Multiple Views (Athens; Acropolis; Athens Observatory); The Tower of the Winds; Hydrianic Reliefs of Theatre of Dionysus Stage front; Arch of Hadrian; Four Portraits (including Howling Dervish, Apple Merchant, Turkish Woman); Three views of Corfu (General View, Waterfront, Hotel Saint George)
Turkey (Constantinople, mostly by Sébah): View of the City; Hagia Sophia (two images of the interior); Galata Bridge; Fountain of Ahmed III; Galata Tower; Beylerbeyi Palace; Obelisk of Theodosius and Obelisk Konstantyna; Ortaköy Mosque; Drawn and printed image of Whirling Dervishes, Edge of Cemetery, Scutari Monument.
HAMMERSCHMIDT, Wilhelm (ca.1830- d. 1869)
[Collection of Eleven Large Original Albumen Photographs of Egypt].
Ca. 1860. Eleven beige card stock album leaves, five leaves 37,5x45,5 cm, the rest slightly smaller. Eleven albumen photographs each ca. 23,5x31 cm (9 ¼ x 12 ¼ in), mounted on recto of album leaves. All photos signed and numbered in negative by the studio and all but four photographs captioned with printed text (French and/or German) below image. A couple of mounts with some edge wear and very minor stains, but overall a very good collection of strong photographs.
Hammerschmidt was active in 1860-1864 at his studio in Cairo. Hammerschmidt exhibited his photographs of Egypt at the Société Française de Photographie in 1861 and 1863, and at the Exposition Universelle in 1867. Hammerschmidt is considered one of first photographers to produce high quality detailed images of Egypt and his travels and photographs of Upper Egypt and Nubia predate popular tourism in Egypt. He appears to have collaborated with the pioneering photo chemist Hermann Wilhelm Vogel (1834-1898) which would explain the high quality of Hammerschmidt's photographs.
The interesting sharp photographs in this collection include: view of Cairo from the Minaret of the Touloun Mosque; General View of Cairo taken from the left side of the Citadel; General View of Cairo taken from the right side of the Citadel; Temple of Edfu in Upper Egypt; Temple of Karnak; Temple of Dakkeh, Nubia; Speos of Arthyr; four other photographs including views of Edfu, Karnak (2x) and Sakkara.
43. [EUROPEAN TRAVEL GUIDE]
An Accurate Description of the United Netherlands, and of the most considerable Parts of Germany, Sweden and Denmark Containing a Succinct Account of what is most Remarkable in These Countries: and Necessary Instructions for Travellers. Together with an Exact relation of the entertainment of His Most Sacred Majesty King William at The Hague.
London: Timothy Childe, 1690-1. First Edition. Duodecimo (17 x 10.5cm). [iv], 147, [1 Blank], [ii], 40 pp. With five folding copper engraved plates. 19th century brown half sheep with marbled boards and red gilt label. New endpapers, extremities rubbed, text with mild age toning, but overall a very good copy.
An rare interesting early travel guide to Western Europe including descriptions of Holland and the cities of Cleve, Cologne, Trier, Mainz, Frankfurt, Heidelberg, Strasbourg, Hesse, Hanover, Zell, Hamburg, Lubeck, Berlin, Stockholm & Copenhagen. Cox I p.112
44. [HOLY LAND - JERUSALEM]
[Album of Sixty-one Original Albumen Photographs of the Holy Land with a Focus on Jerusalem and Including Twelve Ethnographic Photographs Titled:] Holy Land Photographs.
Ca. 1890. Oblong Folio (ca. 35x44 cm), 30 light brown album leaves. Sixty-one albumen photographs each ca. 21x27,5 cm (8 ½ x 11 in) with a couple slightly smaller. All photos inserted into album leaves. All photographs signed Bonfils in negative. Many also with descriptive captions in negative in French and some also in English. Period dark brown gilt tooled diced full sheep with later gilt title label on spine. Some very minor rubbing of extremities, otherwise a near fine album with good strong photographs.
Maison Bonfils was started by Paul-Felix Bonfils (1831-1885) in Beirut in 1867 and was "to become one of the most successful photographic businesses in the world. They photographed most of the important sights in the Middle East and their views were widely distributed" (Jacobsen p. 216). Bonfils' "stock had variety enough to please all and ranged from classical landscapes and biblical scenes to ethnographic portraits and subtly erotic images of Oriental men and women. A close examination of Bonfils photographs reveals quite clearly that Felix had a different eye than the others, and at least in the beginning, a more naive and less commercial approach to image making" (Perez p. 141).
This interesting album of strong sharp Maison Bonfils photographs includes images of: market-place at Jaffa; Travelling Syrian Bedouins; An Arab Girl from Beirut; Syrian Muslim women in city costume; Group of camel riders; Camel and rider; A Bedouin Sheik from Gaza; Muslims praying in the Main Mosque in Damascus; Bedouins taking their breakfast; Group of lepers in Jerusalem; Group of Orthodox Priests; Merchant in Jerusalem; Dragoman guide for travellers; General view of Bethlehem from David's well; Cave of Nativity: the Manger; Cave of Nativity; Church of the Nativity, Interior, Home of Christ; Virgin's Fountain, Nazareth; General View of Nazareth; Resting Place of the Travellers on the shores of the Jordan; General view of Jericho; Spot of the Temptation on the Mount of Temptation; Russian property at St. John's in the Desert; Interior of the church of the visitation; General view of the pools of Solomon; Temple of the Kings, inner court; View of Jaffa from the house of Simon the tanner; View of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives; Mount of Olives; General View of Bethany; Fountain of the Apostles: Ain-el-Hod; Olive-tree in the garden of Gethsemane; Cave of Agony, interior; Ancient Church of the Ascension; Cupola of Ascension; Cupola of Ascension, interior; Church of the Pater: interior of the Passa; Fortress of the Jaffa gate; St. Stephen's gate; Tomb of David on Mount Zion; Interior of the Caeneculum; Interior of the "Ecce Homo"; General view of the Temple of Solomon; Group people of various religions on the step of Temple Mount; Religious procession in Jerusalem; Pulpit in the interior of the El-Aksa Mosque, Jerusalem; Herod's Temple BC 30; Justinians Church AD 530; Salomon's Temple BC 1000; Haram Es-Cherif; The Jews Wailing Place, a Friday; St. Anne's Church; Ark of Ecce Homo; Jacon's Well; Facade of St. Sepulchre; XII and XIII stations: Calvary: Greek Altar; Interior of the Holy Sepulchre with ornaments; Nabulus and Mt. Ebal; Interior of the Mosque of Omar: the Rock; Interior of the Holy Sepulchre XIV station.
45. [IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA)]
THOMPSON, Alfred T.
[Album with Ninety-Seven Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of the WWI Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force in Iraq, Compiled by a British Military Surgeon].
Ca. 1915-17. Small Oblong Octavo album ca. 16x20 cm (6 ¼ x 8 in.). 12 olive buckram covered stiff card album leaves. 97 gelatin silver prints each ca. 4x6,5 cm (1 ½ x 2 ½ in.) inserted in album leaves, eight to a leaf. All but six photographs captioned in period manuscript brown ink. A portrait of the album’s compiler is pasted to the front pastedown with a small pasted paper label with his name and address. Period blue buckram with gilt pictorial image embossed on front cover. Overall album and photographs are in very good condition.
This album contains unique images of the World War I British Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force which travelled along the Tigris river in present-day Iraq. It contains interesting images of the British military, including the 3rd & 32nd British General Hospitals, several photographs of the M. R. C. (Medical Research Committee?) establishments and a hospital ship. A large portion of the collection shows native villages, camps and people in Basra, Amara (likely Amarah, captured by British troops in 1915) and along the Tigris river. Local people are shown on pirogues, workers at date groves and several excellent portraits of local people include ones of Marsh Arabs. Also included are several photographs of Basra, including buildings and streets, the market and the Mosque. Basra was captured by British troops in 1914, which was a major gain for Britain in defeating the Turkish troops. At the end of the album there are five photographs of India, including Rawal Pindy, Mumbai and Elephanta Island. The album was compiled by Alfred Thompson, a military surgeon for the Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force, who worked as a surgeon in Darlington, County Durham after World War I. Overall, a collection of historically interesting sharp photographs.
List of Photographs:
Tigris (10 views); Ashar (4 views); Basra (8 views); Arab Cemetary; Sunken Turkish Gunboat; Dates (2 views); 3rd B.G.H.; Basra Market (2 views); Native Village; 32nd B.G.H. (4 views); M.R.C. (3 views); Yarhoon, Amara; Bazaar Ashar; Native Camp; Shat-El Arab (Shatt al-Arab) at Ashar; M.R.C A.T.T.; H.S. Sikim; Mosque Basra; Ezra’s Tomb; Mahala; Mud; Outpost on Tigris; Amara (6 views); P. Boat Tigris; Persian Gulf; Robart Creek (2 views); Hospital Ship; Date Grove; Bellum & Baobab; M.R.C. Ashar; Rawal Pindy; Native Women; Native Village; Elephanta Caves; Stone Elephant Bombay; Bombay (2 views); A.T.T. (2 views); Stevenson; Elephanta Isle; Nightjar; Kite; Persian Gulf S.S. Chakdara; Taylor (2 views); Thompson (2 views); Hunt; Verge; A.C.J. (3 views); Blackburn
46. [JORDAN - PETRA]
BARTLETT, William Henry (1809 -1854)
[Original Unsigned Watercolour With Faint Title in Pencil:] Petra.
30th October 1845. Watercolour ca. 23x36,5 cm (9 x 14 ½ in). Very faintly titled "Petra" in manuscript pencil on right bottom edge and with (later?) manuscript pencil notation "by W. H. Bartlett" on verso. Verso with a few signs of removal from old mount, outer upper left edge with a mild crease, a couple of small very mild water stains, but overall a very attractive watercolour.
This watercolour is from Bartlett's 1845 journey from Cairo to Mount Sinai and Petra. The watercolour is a slight variation of the engraving titled "Approach to Petra from Mount Hor," which was used as the title-vignette for Bartlett's book, "Forty Days in the Desert on the Track of the Israelites," London 1849, which describes his journey. The scene that Bartlett sketched is described in the book as: "I was hurrying along the rocky road towards Petra. From a solitary group of tombs, the outskirts of its vast necropolis, I obtained my first view of the rock bound city --- a broken down camel, one of a passing caravan, protesting against an insupportable load, which at the expense of his last remaining strength he had dragged up the long ascent, was a characteristic object in the foreground. (See title-page.) This narrow pass was probably guarded in the palmy days of Petra, and blocked up when an attack was expected. Hence begins a long descent by the side of a ravine, leading to the vacant site of the old city, of which one solitary column appears like the ghost of its past splendour, girdled round by rocks of the most rugged and fantastic outline, and pierced with innumerable excavations, their colouring, as it were, run mad with a blending of all hues. No idea can be given of the first impression of such a place, --- its strangeness and remoteness, the utter desolation, the silence, broken only by the groans of the distressed, overburdened camels, and the fierce yells of their savage conductors." (p.124). "Bartlett travelled widely in the Middle East, Europe and America, making hundreds of sketches for engravings in more than 40 books, 13 of which he wrote and illustrated himself. His popularity owed much to his architectural training which, when combined with his penchant for the picturesque and the sublime, guaranteed that the reader saw scenes he could recognize as charming, impressive and representational" (thecanadianencyclopedia.ca).
47. [MACEDONIAN FRONT, WW1]
BRAIVE, Georges (1884-1963)
[Very Extensive Collection of over 1000 Original Photographs of the Military Operations, Fortifications, Landscapes, Settlements and Civilians of the Areas Covered in WW1 by the Macedonian Front taken by French Architect Georges Braive during his Service as a Lieutenant Commandant of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” of the Armée d'Orient].
Ca. early 1917 – November 1918. Over 430 loose gelatin silver prints ca. 13x18 cm (5x7 in), including over one hundred with ink stamps “Section Photographique de l’Armée” on verso, vast majority with period pencil captions by Braive on verso. With four photo albums, each Oblong Octavo (ca. 18,5x20 cm (7 ¼ x 7 ¾ in) or slightly smaller), with ca. 600 smaller photos, each ca. 4x6,5 cm (1 ½ x 2 ½ in), the majority are numbered in pencil, a large number are also captioned in pencil or ink on the mounts. Albums are green or maroon cloth, slightly rubbed on extremities, one album with the spine detached. A few images slightly faded, several with corner creases, but overall a very good collection in very good condition.
Very extensive historically important archive of over a thousand original photos (about half with captions on versos) giving an excellent visual account on the Macedonian front during the last phase of WW1. The photos were taken by Georges Braive, a Lieutenant Commandant of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” of the Armée d'Orient, and later an “architecte diplômé par le gouvernement (DPLG). The images show vast territories and numerous settlements on the border between modern Albania, Macedonia, and Greece, as well as Thessaloniki, Athens and several other locations. The locations in modern Greece include: Salonique (Thessaloniki, dated 1917), Florina (7/17), Kastoria (1917, 09/18), Rakovo (Kratero, Florina Region, 4/18), Smrdes (Krystallopigi, West Macedonia in Greece, 8-11/17, 2/18), Vodena (Edessa, 6/17, 4/18), Vambeli (Moschochori), Mount Kajmakchalan (9/18), Ostrovo (Arnissa, 6/17, 4/18), Negokani (Niki, 4/17), Sorovicevo (near Florina, 6/17), Pisoderi (3/17, 7/17), Route de Pisoderi (7/17), Vasilika (1917), Verria (Veria, 1917), Klestina (6/18), Thasos Island, Delphi, Corfu (all dated 1917). Locations in modern Macedonia: Monastir (Bitola, 1917, 6-7/18), Grod (6/17), Sveta Petka (6/18), Mont Seganska (6/18), Zivonja (4/17), Slivica (4-7/17), Rula (7/17), Orizari-Celtiksi (4/18), Trajko-Cesme (1/18), Greznica (7/17), Obstrina (1918), Ciabresh, Brod, Pogradec, Barmasi, and others. Locations in modern Albania include: Zelova (8/17, 2/18), Korytza (Korçë, 8/17, 3/18), Biklista (Bilisht, 7-9/17, 8-9/18), Kastoria (1917), Plajsa (Placë, 8/17), Kapistica (8/17), Trnovo (8-10/17), Congonj (Cangonj, 8/17), Zvezda (Zvezdë, 7/17), Borova (Borove, 9/18), Prodgorie (8/17), German, Laisica, Pustec, Zemlac (Zëmblak), Breznica, and others. The collection includes over 430 loose large photos and about 600 smaller images mounted in four albums; the smaller images are mostly copies of the larger ones, but also include additional original views and portraits.
Over a hundred photos (many with ink stamps “Section Photographique de l’Armée” on versos) depict various military operations and fortifications of the Macedonian front, soldiers and officers of the Armée d'Orient, refugees and scenes of destruction after bombardments or explosions. Interesting images include: gun batteries on the Acropolis (July 1917); three portraits of General Adolphe Guillaumat (1863-1940), taken in Thessaloniki while the Commander of the Allied Army of the Orient (served in December 1917 - June 1918), including a scene of him attending a parade, and a group portrait with Admiral Jean Merveilleux du Vignaux (1865-1930) and General Charles-Antoine Charpy (1869-1941); French floating plane in Thessaloniki harbor; a zeppelin under construction; night fire in Thessaloniki on the 18th August 1917 (the entire city center and overall 32 % of the city territory was destroyed); Christian and Muslim refugees staying in Thessaloniki churches and mosques, French troopship “Liamore” in Corfu, and others.
Scenes from the Macedonian front proper show encampments of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” where Braive served (in Obstrina, Brod, and other places), a French medical officer looking into microscope, the Allied trenches and encampments on the front line with soldiers and officers posing to the camera (including African soldiers from the French Foreign Legion, soldiers going in an attack, portrait of a soldier living in a wheat basket, and others), a series of views of the roads and communications (including a cableway near Gnilés, Crna River valley), Red Cross nurses, a bridge exploded by the Bulgarian army on retreat, a review of Serbian soldiers by a general, graves of French soldiers, oxen-driven carts (some carrying wounded soldiers), truck convoys (with a series of photos showing cars stuck in mud and water, broken or burned), military boats being transported to Lake Ohrid (Macedonian-Albanian border), a crashed plane near Bilisht, military camel convoy, Bulgarian prisoners of war repairing the road, mules transporting munitions, Macedonian refugees going on roads laden with their belongings, burial of a local child killed in a bombing, and many others.
Other interesting images include over 60 photos of Thessaloniki, including city panoramas, views of streets and embankments (note: interesting views of the Venizelos street before and after the fire in August 1917), the White Tower, markets, churches, mosques, local people (vendors, passers-by, children, musicians, and others), two images of the ceremony of the immersion of the Cross in the Thessaloniki harbour featuring Eleftherios Venizelos (1864-1936), a prominent Greek politician and Prime Minister in 1910-20 and 1928-33, and many others. Among other views of Northern Greece are photos of town and village panoramas, streets, churches, markets (including portraits of French soldiers buying things from the locals), local peasants, priests, Romani people, a member of the Cretan guard of Eleftherios Venizelos (on a Florina market), a series of fifteen photos showing Easter celebration in Rakovo in April 1918 (now Kratero, near Florina); top of Mount Kajmakchalan showing the construction of the chapel commemorating Serbian victory over the Bulgarian troops in 1916; railway construction near Ostrovo (Arnissa); celebration of a Macedonian wedding in Klestina, and others. Interesting images of Macedonia include over twenty views of Monastir (now Bitola; show ruins after bombardment, Turkish arsenal, military barracks, Turkish cemetery and mosque, et al.), photos of a wedding and Easter celebrations in Obstrina, wedding celebration in Sveta Petka, various agricultural operations (i.e. Drying and beating of the corn), and others. Interesting photos of Albania show: road construction by women near Zelova, Albanian Komitadjis (rebels) in Korytza (Korçë), festive dancing in Brod, and others.
Overall a very interesting collection of military and ethnographic photographs of the Balkans during WWI.
48. [NEW CALEDONIA & AUSTRALIA]
HUGHAN, Allan (1834-1883) & PAINE, John, (1833-1908)
[Album Compiled by a French Traveller of Sixty-three Original Albumen Photographs of New Caledonia (45) and Sydney, Australia (17)].
Ca. 1872-9. Album Folio (40x29 cm) Ca. 100 beige album leaves. New Caledonia: forty-two albumen photographs by Allan Hughan with his ink stamp on verso or name in negative from ca. 25,5x19,5 cm (10 x 7 ½ in) to 15,5x10 cm (6x4 in). Six of these photographs make up two part panoramas. Additionally, one photograph two part panorama likely of a factory at Bouloupari ca. 20x50,5mcm with a small lithographed map of the region included, both loosely inserted. And two carte-de-visite sized (ca. 6,5x10,5 cm) photographs by Hughan and W et A. Dufty of the T.W. Stilling Outfitters in Noumea. Sydney: sixteen albumen photographs by John Paine with his ink stamp on verso, each ca. 10,5x18 cm (7 ½ x 4 in). Additionally, one cabinet card sized photograph of a Sydney International Exhibition 1879 Certificate of Award for Charles Malan, Cajaput Oil. Photographs inserted or mounted mostly recto on 31 albums leaves, the other leaves empty. A few photographs loosely inserted. Most of the photographs with French manuscript ink captions on mounts and period manuscript pencil captions on verso. Handsome period black elaborately gilt tooled quarter morocco with black cloth boards, front cover elaborately gilt stamped and titled "Album." Some albums leaves with minor tears, a couple of photographs with minor creases but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
An historically interesting early collection of photographs of the South Pacific which includes images of: New Caledonia: Banyan tree Vao Mission (Ile des Pins); 3 two-part photo panoramas of Noumea; view of Noumea; Col de Sougouhe; Kanak village at St. Louis; Banana plantation at St. Louis; River between Foa and Pierras; River between Foa and Dagny; Hut of Gillinck & natives of Canala; Icho, near Noumea; Kanak hut at Foa; Maison Wreght at Lifou; Chief's hut at Oubatche; Chief's hut at Guaro (chief of the revolt); Chief Gelima's hut at Canala; Cin waterfall at Canala; Forest of the central range; Village scene (Ile des Pins)(2x same); Banyan tree (Ile des Pins); two large images New Caledonian family; Kanak women; Son of Chief's hut at Canala; Butcher (Ile des Pins); Landing Pier (Ile des Pins); Police hut (Ile des Pins); Road to the Bay du Hute (Ile des Pins); Chief's Canoes (Ile des Pins); Banyan tree (Ile des Pins); Garrison (Ile des Pins); Refectory of officers (Ile des Pins); Communal hut (Ile des Pins); Queen Hortense's palace; Indigenous people, Vao Mission; Catholic church; Hortense and Samuel, Queen and King of Ile des Pins; Two part panorama of factory at Bouloupari?; T.W. Stilling Outfitters in Noumea (2x).
Sydney: Harbour bay; NSW Farm (Martin Sale); Gibraltar Hill, Bungendore NSW; Harbour from park; Church; General Post Office; Cathedral; Government House; St. Andrew's Cathedral; Exposition Hall; Rochwood cemetery; Botanical garden (2x); Sheep shearing; photograph of Sydney International Exhibition 1879 Certificate of Award for Charles Malan, Cajaput Oil.
Allan Hughan was the first professional photographer to establish a studio in New Caledonia. Initially "He was Captain of the 'Pilot' in 1870. He traded in various commodities, mainly mother of pearl. He was shipwrecked at Yandee, New Caledonia, in March 1870 (a letter describing the events can be found in the 'Sydney Morning Herald', November 3rd 1870).
Hughan abandoned his maritime career after the shipwreck and set up business as a photographer in Noumea in 1871. He had ..., [previously] photographed in Fiji. His studio was in Rue Sebastopol and he advertised 'vues de Noumee et des environs' in 'Moniteur', June 7th 1871. He was appointed Government Photographer after accompanying an expedition to inspect prison installations for communards in November 1872. In 1872 he went to the Ile des Pins with the Governor and in early 1874 went on a photographic expedition to the interior of New Caledonia. He photographed Queen Hortense and her entourage and the mission station at Vao in August and September 1876"(RCS Photographers index).
"John Paine was born in 1833 in England, and he worked as a photographer in northern New South Wales ca. 1869-74. In 1875 he started a photographic studio in Elizabeth Street, Waterloo, Sydney" (Historypin.org).
49. [RUSSIA - CRIMEAN WAR]
[DURAND-BRAGER, Jean-Baptiste Henri] (1814-1879)
[Album with Forty-One Original Watercolors, Fifteen Original Pencil and Pen Drawings, Six Original Photographs, and Four Lithographed Plates, with a Gilt Lettered Title of the Front Board:] Souvenirs de la Campagne de Crimée 1854-55-56.
Ca. 1854-1856. Oblong Elephant Folio (ca. 39,5x54 cm). Thirty-four beige and light brown album leaves (four blank). With forty-seven original drawings, all but six fully or partly hand coloured, the size is from ca. 7,5x7 cm (3 x 2 ¾ in) to ca. 19x30 cm (7 ½ x 11 ¾ in); fifteen mounted pen and pencil drawings from ca. 13,5x22 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) to ca. 15,5x47,5 cm (6 x 18 ¾ in), six mounted salt prints ca. 14x24 cm (5 ½ x 9 ½ in), and four tinted lithographed plates by Imp. Lemercier, image size ca. 21x33 cm (8 ¼ x 12 ¾ in). One pencil drawing is titled in pencil in French in the right lower corner, four dated in pencil in the lower corners: “23 avril,” “7 mai,” “1 mai,” “23 mai.” Period green quarter calf album with cloth boards and gilt lettered title on the front board. Covers with signs of old water stains, several leaves with mild staining, photos mildly faded, but overall a very good album with very interesting content.
Attractive historically significant album of original watercolour and pencil drawings, photographs and lithographs documenting the Crimean War and attributed to the “special artist of Bonapartism” Henri Durand-Brager, French painter and pioneer military photographer. The drawings and watercolours of the surroundings of Sevastopol were taken during his service at the theatre of the Crimean War as the official correspondent of “L’Illustration” newspaper. The album was most likely complied by Durand-Brager for presentation.
Skillful pencil drawings show the Crimean coast and interior – destroyed villages, Russian churches, French military camps, the Allied fleet in a Crimean bay, Sevastopol forts and neighbourhoods (destroyed streets), and others. A series of colourful watercolours are dedicated to the life of French and British military camps and shows their “streets,” scenes with soldiers at rest, next to their tents, near fire; there are views of the interiors of the tents; several watercolours and drawings portray French and British soldiers of different regiments; nine fine watercolours depict Russian soldiers of different regiments and Crimean Tatars. Six photographs taken together with his assistant Lassimonne (active 1850-1859) appear to be taken from Durand-Brager's paintings and show general views of the Crimean shore taken from the sea, or of the peninsula’s interior with destroyed villages, and groups of soldiers. The lithographs made after Durand-Brager's paintings from the series “Siege de Sebastopol” (Paris, Imp. Lemercier, lithographed by E. Eugens Ciceri) include: Batteries des Fusées (Pres de la Baie de Streletska). Attaques de gauche Mai 1855; Petit Mamelon vert ou du cimetière. Au fond du port du Sud (entre les attaques de gauche et celles Anglaises, Avril 1855); Fort Genois. Attaques le gauche, Mai 1855; Fort du Sud (dit de l’Arsenal). Attaques de gauche, Juillet 1855.
“In relevant encyclopaedias of artists, Henri Durand-Brager is predominantly listed as a marine painter, and he was trained as one, yet he was of lasting artistic importance not only in the field of painting but also in the field of reportage drawing. While the works of older artists such as Constantin Guys and Denis Raffet had marked out the basic coordinates of the trade of graphic correspondents, which had begun to slowly emerge with the start of the illustrated press, it was Durand-Brager, who with his entire habitus and flaunted adventurism shaped the role model of the professional pictorial reporter in all its diversity. <…>
With his style and characteristic handlebar moustache, Durand-Brager acted like the doublet of the new emperor, who now called himself Napoleon III. Durand-Brager accompanied his twenty-one-year reign as a pictorial court reporter, drawing him at his jubilation events and extensive tours through the French province and the Algerian colony and documenting his prestigious wars as a special artist and pioneer of war photography in the Crimea and Sardinia” (Roob, A. Henri Durand-Brager, Special artist of Bonapartism/ Melton Prior Institute for reportage drawing & printing culture, http://www.meltonpriorinstitut.org/pages/textarchive.php5?view=text&ID=123&language=English).
“Jean-Baptiste Henri Durand-Brager, a French marine painter, was born at Dol in 1814. He studied under Gudin and Eugène Isabey, and in 1840 accompanied the fleet which brought Napoleon's remains from St. Helena, which island afforded him subjects for various pictures. He spent much of his time in travelling; he went to Buenos Ayres with the squadron, and explored Uruguay and Brazil; he accompanied the expeditions to Tangiers and Mogador, and to Madagascar, and he was in the Crimea during the war with Russia. He painted views of the places he visited, and also naval combats and sea-pieces. He died in 1879. There are several of his works in the galleries of Versailles” (Wikipedia).
Durand-Brager was made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 1844 and became an officer in 1865. His works are in many British and French museum collections today, notably Versailles, which has several paintings from a series he made on the Siege of Sebastopol.
MAGNUS, Olaus (1490-1557), Archbishop of Uppsala
Historiae de Gentibus Septentrionalibus, Auctore Olao Magno, Gotho, Archiepiscopo Upsalensi, Suetiæ & Gothiæ Primate, a Cornelio Scribonio Graphæo.., [History of the Northern Peoples..,].
Antwerp: Jean Bellère, 1562. Second Abridged Latin Edition. Duodecimo (16,5x10,5 cm). , 192 leaves. With 138 woodcuts in text. Late 19th century black gilt titled pebbled half cloth, with marbled boards. A few small erasable red pencil markings in margins, upper part of last quarter of text mildly water stained, but overall still a very good copy.
Olaus Magnus "is best remembered as the author of the famous Historia de Gentibus Septentrionalibus (History of the Northern Peoples), [first] printed in Rome 1555, a patriotic work of folklore and history which long remained for the rest of Europe the authority on Swedish matters. This text on dark winters, violent currents and beasts of the sea amazed the rest of Europe. It was translated into Italian (1565), German (1567), English (1658) and Dutch (1665), and not until 1909 into Swedish. Abridgments of the work appeared also at Antwerp (1558 and 1562), Paris (1561), Amsterdam (1586), Frankfort (1618) and Leiden (1652). It is still today a valuable repertory of much curious information in regard to Scandinavian customs and folklore. A translation of the Latin title page goes: "Olaus Magnus Gothus', the Upsala Archbishops', history of the Nordic people's different manners and camps, also about the wonderful differences in customs, holy practices, superstitions, bodily exercises, government and food keeping; further on war, buildings and wonderful aids; further on metals and different kinds of animals, that live in these neighbourhoods (...)."
"This work long remained for the rest of Europe the chief authority on Swedish matters, and is still a valuable repository of much curious information in regard to Scandinavian customs and folk-lore"(Cox I p.177); "The most remarkable early illustrated work on Scandinavia, full of curious matters, embracing legends, customs, as well as detailed descriptions of birds, animals and fish interspersed with historical anecdotes and quaint stories. This is the second Latin edition issued by Bellère from Plantin's press with a series of 138 woodcuts especially cut for this format, illustrating whaling, arctic animals, sea-monsters, hunting and fishing scenes, reindeer-sleighs, and unusual battle scenes on ice featuring "brazen horses that spit fire "mounted on sledges" (Goldschmidt).
51. [UKRAINE - EASTERN FRONT, WW1]
[Album with Over 160 Real Photo Postcards and Over 40 Printed Postcards Collected by a German Private Willy Strobel during his Service on the Eastern Front of WW1, Including Views of the Oginski Canal in Western Belarus; Kovel, Gonczy Brod and Holoby in Western Ukraine, Warsaw Forts in Poland, and Kharkov in Eastern Ukraine after its Occupation by German Troops in April 1918].
Ca. 1916-1918. Folio (ca. 41x25 cm). 40 card stock leaves (several blank). Over 160 real photo postcards and over 40 printed postcards mounted on the album leaves; the majority with period manuscript notes or letters on verso, many dated and with “Feldpost” ink stamps on verso. Original green quarter cloth album with decorative papered boards. Album slightly rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, several images slightly faded or with minor silvering, but overall a very good album.
Historically interesting extensive collection of real photo and printed postcards illustrating life on the German side of the Eastern front of WW1 – in Poland, western Belarus, and western Ukraine in 1916-1918. The postcards were sent home by Willy Strobel, a resident of Plauen (Saxony) and a soldier of the Saxon Landwehr Infantry Regiment # 107. The real photo postcards were taken by Strobel or one of his comrades and appear to have been made in the regiment; the majority contain Strobel’s notes on rectos or versos describing time and place where the photos were taken, or more detailed notes to his family in Plauen.
The real photo postcards include numerous group portraits of German soldiers and officers taken in trenches, in front of dugouts (one with a sign “Plauner Hütte”, another one with a sign “Villa Blicke Dich”), next to a field kitchen, an unexploded bomb, or a machine gun, lining in front of a street sausage shop, standing inside a robbed Orthodox church, posing in a soccer uniform, while peeling potatoes, et al.; several images have their names marked. Among the interesting images is a series of views of the Oginsky Canal (modern Pinsk Region, western Belarus), dated 1916. The Canal was seriously damaged during the WW1 when all hydro technical constructions were destroyed; it was reconstructed in the interwar period when western Belarus was a part of Poland, destroyed again in 1942, and was never repaired afterwards. The real photo postcards show German soldiers posing on a bridge across the Oginsky Canal and crossing it in boats, a soldier reading “Zwickauer Neueste Nachrichten” (Saxon newspaper) on the Canal; Willy Strobel at “Oginski stellung” in March 1916, and others. A group of real photo postcards dated 1917 shows the town of Kovel in western Ukraine (modern Volyn oblast) and several nearby villages - Gonczy Brod (Го́нчий Брід), Holoby (Голо́би), and Stary Mosor. Very interesting are the images of the German military headquarters in Holoby (housed in a manor characterized by Strobel as the “Tsars’ hunting palace!”), scene of explosion of a Catholic church of St. Michael in Holoby in July 1917 (a later printed postcard from the album shows the church with the destroyed bell tower), a photo of a military orchestra rehearsing in Holoby, and others. Several views of Gonczy Brod show the village church, streets, and German military headquarters in February 1917. There are also interesting photo views of Warsaw forts, destroyed railway bridge, 15 cm Langrohr gun from the Lehmann battery, portraits of local peasants and others. Most notable is a group of real photo postcards showing Kharkiv in eastern Ukraine, occupied by German army in April 1918; the images dated June-July 1918 show city streets, market square, and railway station in Kuryazh near Kharkov where Strobel was apparently stationed.
Printed postcards issued by Dr. Trenkier & Co. (Leipzig), Paul Malbrieh (Bremen), Rassvet (Kyev), VW (Warsaw), Wendt Groll (Marienwerder), A. Lange (Leipzig-Connewitz), and others, show Warsaw, Kovel, Holoby, Kharkiv, Brest-Litovsk, Borovichi (Belarus), pontoon bridge near Pinsk (Belarus), front scenes, Ukrainian and Russian countryside, local black storks and others. Overall a very interesting content rich collection.
52. [VOYAGE TO JAPAN]
[Album of Fifty-one Original Albumen Photographs of a Voyage from Marseilles to Yokohama, with Stops in Egypt, Aden, Ceylon, Vietnam, China and Japan, Mounted in a Presentation Album Titled:] From Marseilles to Yokohama with Best Compliments Fr. Marthouo (?).
Yokohama, 1894. Oblong Large Octavo (ca. 15x23 cm). Twenty-six beige stiff card album leaves. Photographic title-page and fifty albumen photographs each ca. 11,5x15,5 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) including a two part panorama (Aden, ca. 11,5x29,5 cm) and a three part panorama (Hong Kong, ca. 11,5x48,5 cm) mounted recto and verso of album leaves and each captioned with a printed label. Original very decorative Japanese lacquered pictorial album with mother of pearl inlay and gold heightened lacquer painting of a landscape with bamboo, birds and insects. Rebacked in period style dark brown gilt tooled morocco, one inlay with minor chip, corners of album with minor repair but overall a very attractive album with good strong photos.
The photographs in this album document a voyage from Marseilles to Yokohama, with stops in Egypt, Aden, Ceylon, Vietnam, China and Japan and include: MMSS "Sydney" Sailing from Marseilles to Yokohama; Place de Consuls, Alexandria, Egypt; Pompey Column at Alexandria; Lighthouse, Port Said; Main Street, Port Said; Egyptian Fruit-Sellers; Kantara Station, Suez Canal; Ferry for Caravans Crossing Suez-Canal; MMSS in the Suez-Canal; Dredger on the Suez-Canal; Ismailia; Baths at Ismailia; Village near Cairo; Egyptian Village; Aswan, Nile, Egypt; Crocodile Hunters on the Nile; Cairo; Fountain of Moise at Suez; Suez; Aden; Water-Tanks at Aden; Mount Lavinia Hotel near Colombo (Ceylon); River near Colombo (Ceylon); Singhalese Village near Colombo (Ceylon); Street at Colombo (Ceylon); View of Singapore from Mt. Faber; Saigon; Temple in the Public Gardens of Saigon; Chinese Village near Saigon; Vessels in the Harbour at Saigon; Panorama of Hong Kong; Chinese Junk; English Club at Shanghai; English Church at Shanghai; Market at Shanghai; Gate of the Chinese Town at Shanghai; Chinese Tea-House; Chinese Court of Justice; Chinese Paper-Dragon used for New-Years Procession; Chinese Sedan Chairs; Jinrikisha; Cotton Workers; Silk Reeling Mill; Chinese Pagoda near Shanghai; Shimonoseki (Inland Sea) Japan; Kobe, Japan; Nunobiki Water-Fall, Kobe; Yokohama; Negishi Below Bavierville, Missippi-Bay (Japan); Japan's Beautiful Fujiyama.
53. [WORLD - GAME]
[French Folding Board Game Titled:] La Course Autour du Monde [Race Around the World].
[France], ca. 1860. Hand coloured lithograph ca. 44,5x70 cm, folding into two parts, with a brown linen hinge and mounted on blue patterned papered cardboard. The playing surface with a couple mild minor stains on extremities, otherwise a very good game.
This rare children’s board game was issued in the mid 19th century, a time when the idea of travelling around the world became a popular desire of the wider population. A map of the world is in the centre of the board and the participants must travel around the world to win the game. The game consists of fifty playing fields each connected to a latitudinal section of the world. A man in a turtle drawn chariot, a whaling scene, a man on an early bicycle, a ship at sea, an erupting volcano, a steam engine, a steam ship, a hot air balloon, a horse and rider, an onboard ship scene, and a bear on ice are the pictorial illustrations surrounding the world map. Overall an attractive early travel around the world board game.
ADDENDUM OF ITEMS MADE IN JAPAN
54. [ANGLO-SATSUMA WAR]
[Original Japanese Manuscript Report on the Kagoshima Incident (15-17 August, 1863), Mentioning the Japanese Naval Commander Naohachi Inoue – future noted Admiral Inoue Yoshika, noting the casualties on the ships of the British Squadron (HMS Euryalus, HMS Pearl, HMS Coquette, HMS Argus, HMS Perseus, and HMS Racehorse), and others].
Bunkyu 3 (November, 1863). Original manuscript in Japanese characters, ca. 27,5x16 cm (10 ¾ x 6 ¼ in), twelve pages, black ink on two-ply leaves of rice paper, stitched with a string. With minor creases and a larger worm hole (slightly affecting a couple of characters), but overall a very good manuscript.
An interesting official Japanese report about the events of the Bombardment of Kagoshima (also known as the Anglo-Satsuma War) on 15-17 August, 1863, and compiled for the Tokugawa shogunate government in Edo apparently to receive instructions on what should be done. The title on the first leaf reads “Anglo-Satsuma War report. British notes/written down to Edo”. This and some features of the text (i.e. One of the dates is written as “1863”, not “Bunkyu 3”) opens up the possibility of this text being translated from a period British report. The text briefly informs about the details of the Kagoshima Incident, mentioning Naohachi Inoue (Inoue Yoshika, 1845-1929, future noted Admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy), and lists casualties on board the British naval squadron (HMS Euryalus – 20 injured, including one who died; HMS Pearl – 7 injured, including one who died; HMS Coquette - 6 injured, including one who died; HMS Argus - three injured; HMS Perseus - one injured and one died; HMS Racehorse - 2 people injured).
“The Bombardment of Kagoshima, also known as the Anglo-Satsuma War(薩英戦争Satsu-Ei Sensō), took place on 15–17 August 1863 during the Late Tokugawa shogunate. The Royal Navy was fired on from coastal batteries near the town of Kagoshima and in retaliation bombarded the town. The British were trying to exact a payment from the daimyo of Satsuma following the Namamugi Incident of 1862, in which British nationals were attacked (one killed, two wounded) by Satsuma samurai for not showing the proper respect for a daimyo's regent (Shimazu Hisamitsu). <…> The conflict actually became the starting point of a close relationship between Satsuma and Britain, which became major allies in the ensuing Boshin War. From the start, the Satsuma Province had generally been in favour of the opening and modernization of Japan. Although the Namamugi Incident was unfortunate, it was not characteristic of Satsuma's policy, and was rather abusively branded as an example of anti-foreign sonnō jōi sentiment, as a justification to a strong European show of force” (Wikipedia).
55. [EDO BROTHEL - JAPANESE WOOD BLOCK]
[Original Japanese Wood Block Depicting a Scene in an Edo (Tokyo) Brothel, with an Example of the Print on Recent Paper, Titled:] Edo Fuzoku Kuruwa-Sho-ga.
Ca. early Meiji (1860-1870s). Wood block ca. 17,5x32 cm (7 x 12 ½ in), with the image size ca. 12,5x27 cm (5 x 10 ½ in). Additional title in Japanese characters on the margins of the block rephrasing the printed title on the image. Wood block in near fine condition.
A very detailed yamato-e perspective woodblock of a brothel in Edo (modern-day Tokyo), by an unknown artist, mostly likely carved in the early Meiji Period. An excellent example of the artistic skill of Japanese woodblock carvers, it is supplemented with a recent example of the print on Japanese paper. The very detailed executed scene shows a birds-eye view of the interior of an upper-class geisha house in Edo. Several inner rooms expose geishas entertaining customers with talks, servants bringing various items, a drunk client being supported by two geishas, etc. Overall a beautiful example of a Japanese wood block carving.
56. [EDO TO SOMA]
OYAMADA, Tomokiyo (1783-1847)
[Japanese Woodblock Printed Travel Book of a Journey from Edo (Tokyo) to Soma, in the Kanto Region Titled:] Soma Nikki.
Edo: Iseya Tadaemon; Kadomaruya Jinsuke, Bunsei 1 . Four parts in one volume. Octavo (ca. 22,5x15,5 cm). First Edition. 95 thin two-ply leaves; with six double-page woodblock illustrations. Text and illustrations within single borders (ca. 19x13,5 cm), main text nine vertical lines. Three red ink private library stamps on the first leaf. Original Japanese fukuro toji binding: grey paper cover with a yellow paper title label on the front board (with a Manuscript title); leaves sewn together with a string. Manuscript title additionally on the lower edge and text block. Covers slightly soiled and rubbed, corners slightly bent, occasional worm holes and small tears to leaves and binding, but overall a very good copy.
Interesting account of a journey in the Kanto region, from Edo (Tokyo) to Soma (modern Fukushima prefecture) full of anecdotes about the customs of the areas visited; the illustrations depict sights along the route, including ruins of the Toshima castle (near the Shakujii River), Mount Tsukuba, Kinugawa River, Futoi River, Mitsukaido and Soma towns, several villages (Hanyu, Yokozone, Ichikawa), shrines and temples (Sairin Temole, Sampo temple, and others; special plate shows the interior grounds of the Narita Temple). The last five leaves advertise the other books published by Iseya Tadaemon, as well as a potent sleeping medicine. Overall a fascinating travel in early 19th-century Japan. The ink stamps on the first leaf are of the libraries of a Japanese doctor and poet Ono Shachiku (1872-1913) and philologist, compiler of the English-Japanese dictionaries Saito Hidesaburo (1866-1929).
Oyamada Tomokiyo (1783-1847), a disciple of Murata Harumi (the famous poet and scholar of ancient Japanese literature and culture), was a bibliophile and classical scholar who held a private collection of around 50,000 books. He “used the commercial wealth of his adoptive family and an extensive network of contacts to build up a collection of some 50,000 volumes. <…> he was unusually reflexive about his collection, for he kept a diary recording the growth of his library and the exchanges that facilitated its growth, but he was also hard-headed enough to compile a set of rules for those borrowing from his library” (Kornicki, P. The Book in Japan: A Cultural History from the Beginnings to the Nineteenth Century. Leiden, Boston, Koeln, 1998, p. 389).
57. [FIRST JAPANESE EMBASSY TO RUSSIA]
Takashima, Kyuya / Hirokata (ill.)
[Japanese Woodblock Printed Book, Titled:] Roshia Koku Jijyo [The State of Affairs in the Country of Russia].
Tenshindo / Nichiyo Shinbun Honkyoku, Meiji 5 (1872). Vol. 1 (all published thus complete). Octavo (ca. 22,5x15 cm). First edition. 53 double ply leaves (leaf  is a duplicate of leaf ). With sixteen woodblock illustrations in text. Text and illustrations within double borders (ca. 17x12 cm), main text ten vertical lines. Original Japanese fukuro toji binding: blue paper covers with a paper title label on the front cover, leaves sewn together with strings. Covers slightly rubbed, paper slightly age toned, front cover with a minor stain on the lower margin, but overall a very good copy.
Very Rare Japanese imprint with no copies found in Worldcat.
Important interesting account of the first Japanese embassy to Russia which was carried out as a part of the first Japanese embassy to Europe in 1862. Headed by Takenouchi Yasunori, governor of Shimotsuke Province (present-day Tochigi Prefecture), the mission aimed to ratify international treaties, and delay the opening of Japanese cities and harbours to foreign trade. France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Prussia, Russia, and Portugal were visited on the way. The book was written by Kyuya Takashima, a doctor of the Takenouchi mission, and includes the description of the embassy’s six-week stay in Saint Petersburg and environs (31 July-6 September 1862, OS), special reception in the Winter Palace and audience with the Russian Emperor, and a brief sketch of Russian history and geography. Over a dozen original illustrations executed in a typical Japanese style include portraits of Alexander II (1818-1881), his wife Empress Maria Alexandrovna (1824-1880), his son Grand Duke of Russia and Heir to the throne Nicholas Alexandrovich (1843-1865), a gallery of portraits of Russian people including a Cossack, several views of Saint Petersburg (Nevsky Prospect, a palace with riders in front, Neva River with bridge and Peter and Paul Fortress in the background); a view of a steam train of the Tsarskoye Selo Railway (the first public railway line in the Russian Empire), a scene from the Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829, a view of a baby “hammock cart”, and others.
The Japanese embassy arrived to Saint Petersburg in the end of July 1862 and stayed in Russia for six weeks, leaving in the early September 1862. They were received by the Emperor and the court in the Winter Palace (2 August, OS), and were engaged in diplomatic negotiations with the Russian government headed by Count Nikolay Ignatiev (1832-1908), then the head of the Asiatic Department of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Apart from the terms of the opening of Japanese cities and harbours to foreign trade, and change in the Japanese monetary system, the diplomats discussed the position of the Sakhalin Island (the Russians suggested to establish the border between to states along the La Perouse Strait, while the Japanese wanted to do it on the 50th parallel, thus annexing the southern part of the island).The mission members visited Kronstadt naval base, palaces in Peterhof and Tsarskoye Selo and other residences around the capital, “various military installations, a gun foundry, a naval ironworks, the observatory, the engineering and mining schools. By way of entertainment there were boat races to watch on the Neva River and an expedition to see the countryside outside the city. Fukuzawa and others pursued their investigations at hospitals, the botanical gardens, the customs department, the telegraph office, technical and commercial schools, two government factories (glass and porcelain), and the imperial library…” (Beasley, W.G. Japan Encounters the Barbarian: Japanese Travellers in America and Europe. Yale University Press, 1995, p. 86).
The author of the book, doctor Kyuya Takashima is known in Russia as an artist: three drawings executed by him and another member of the embassy Domin Kawasaki were presented to the Russian Empress Maria Alexandrovna; the drawings were reported to show Mount Fudji, Neva River and a hawk; one of them was discovered in the State Hermitage Museum in the 20th century.
58. [FIRST OPIUM WAR]
MINETA, Fūkō (1817-1883)
[Japanese Woodblock Printed Book Titled:] Kaigai Shinwa & Kaigai Shinwa Shūi [News Stories from Overseas & Gleanings from the New Stories from Overseas].
N.p. [Edo]: Mineta (owner of woodblocks), Kaei 2 . Complete in two parts (each in five volumes). Octavo (ca. 26x18 cm). First Edition. , , , , ; , [23,5], [20,5], ,  thin two-ply leaves; with 34 double-page and 6 single-page woodblock illustrations, credited to Utagawa Sadahide (unsigned, several partly coloured). Text (in Japanese and Japanized Chinese) and illustrations within single borders (ca. 18x12,5 cm), main text ten vertical lines. Each part in slightly different original Japanese fukuro toji bindings with leaves sewn together with a string: part 1 - white paper covers with white paper title labels on the front boards, red title page on verso of the front cover (vol. 1); part two - white paper covers with blue paper title labels on the front boards. Part 2 with black ink Japanese bookstore stamps on front and rear boards, first and last leaves; red ink stamps (previous owner?) on the first leaves. Covers slightly soiled and rubbed, corners slightly bent, occasional worm holes on the leaves neatly repaired, but overall a very good set.
The very rare first edition of the important Japanese novelistic account on the First Opium War between China and Britain (1839-1845). Complete in two parts - Kaigai Shinwa and its sequel Kaigai Shinwa Shūi (five volumes each). Worldcat shows that both parts are held in 12 institutions (Harvard University, Yale University, University of Cambridge, Brigham Young University, UC Berkeley, Stanford University, University of California LA, Cornell University, Brown University, Peabody Essex Museum, University of Washington, Columbia University in the City of New York), Kaigai Shinwa only - in the University of Michigan, University of British Columbia, and the Claremont Colleges.
The print run of the first part appears to have been 200 copies (Dower, J.W. The Opium War in Japanese Eyes: An Illustrated 1849 “Story from Overseas”/ Massachusetts Institute of Technology, https://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/opium_wars_japan/oje_essay01.html). The inside cover of a copy of Kaigai Shinwa which was examined by a Japanese historian Masuda Wataru bore a note “Forbidden from sale”. (Masuda, W. Japan and China: mutual representation in the modern era/ Transl. By A. Fogel. New York, 2000, p. 75). Written by “a low ranking samurai scholar” Mineta Fūkō (Dower), the book started a series of Japanese works about the Opium War, based primarily on Chinese reports and published in the late 1840s. “… these publications were strongly sympathetic to the Chinese side and highly critical of the foreign “barbarians.” They also included many original woodblock illustrations that had no counterpart on the Chinese side” (Dower). For the publication without government permission (and most likely for spreading the knowledge about the outside world during the Japanese policy of sakoku or the country’s isolation) Mineta was imprisoned for two years and later was not allowed to reside in the main Japanese cities of Edo, Osaka and Kyoto. The woodblocks used for the printing of the first edition were broken, and, according to John W. Dower, “the anonymous artist who provided the illustrations suffered more grievously than Mineta, for he too was arrested, and died in prison”. According to the description of the copy from the Freer Gallery of Art (the Smithsonian Institutions), the illustrations were created by noted Japanese artist Utagawa Sadahide (1807 – ca. 1878-79) who was never imprisoned.
The book follows the history of the war from the “spread of opium-smoking” to the “reconciliation between the two armies, articles of the peace treaty”; the first part also includes “Ingirisu kokki ryaki” (Outline account of England) - an overview of English geography, history, industry, trade, educational system, customs and military forces. The narration reproduces “the detailed and emotional flavour” of the Chinese sources and combines facts with misinformation and fabrication. “This combination of fact and fiction makes the Japanese war stories especially vivid and revealing <…> The language is vigorous. And beyond this, unlike the Chinese, the Japanese also produced highly imaginative illustrations of the war” (Dower). Mineta often mentions “white and black barbarians” thus pointing on the East Indian soldiers who took part in the war as “sepoys” in the British Indian Army, and emphasizes the pillage and rape done by them. He praises the courage of the Chinese “braves” and occasional successes of grassroots uprisings; criticizes a Chinese official who befriended the enemy and organized a lavish dinner for Captain Charles Elliott, retells the story of the capture of Anne Noble – the young wife of an English captain whose ship wrecked near Ningpo in the fall of 1840, and others.
The original illustrations credited to Utagawa Sadahide include maps of the world (English possessions marked in brown) and China (with places under British attacks marked in brown), portraits of a British naval commander and soldiers, images of ships, cannons and weapons, scenes of the destruction of opium by the Chinese, naval battles and bombardments, rape and pillage by British and Indian soldiers, construction of fortifications by Chinese, skirmishes between the foreigners and Chinese “braves”, a portrait of a mythical monster included in the book for pure entertainment; a scene of capture of Anne Nobles – one of the earliest depictions of a Caucasian woman in a Japanese book, and others.
Overall a very interesting important original account of the First Opium War.
List of illustrations:
Vol. 1: World map (coloured areas show British possessions); Map of China showing British invasion (areas under British attack are marked with brown dots); Portrait of a British Naval Commander; two portraits of British infantry soldiers (from front and back); “Great English Warship” (sailing ship); English steamship.
Vol. 2. “Incineration of opium at the Bogue Strait” (Canton, June 1839); “The Fleet Sets Out from the River Thames” (imaginary scene of departure of the British fleet from London); “The Fall of Dinghai” (the capital of the Chusan Islands, near Ningpo); “The Monster”.
Vol. 3. “A Feast for the Rebel Leader Eliott”; “Tuan Yongfu Burns the Barbarian Ships” (the battle at Canton in early 1841, the banner in the upper right corner reads “Combined forces”); “The Local Braves in Combat” (imaginary representation of the legendary skirmish near Canton in 1841 between Chinese militia and a detachment of British troops).
Vol. 4. “A Plan of Tiger Tail Camp”; “Wang Zipeng in Bloody Battle” (late 1841); “Wang Shizhou Burns the Barbarian Ships”; “Atrocities of the Black and White Barbarians”.
Vol. 5. “Chen Huachang Falls in Battle”; “Chinese and English Leaders Make a Peace Agreement”.
Kaigai Shinwa Shūi:
Vol. 1. Map of Dinghai District (Zhoushan Island); 5 double-page woodcuts of Chinese and English cannons and pistols; one-page image of weapons.
Vol. 2. “Fire-Boats Approaching a British Warship”; an English captive; a Chinese monk fighting English soldiers; “Woman Warrior Putting Up a Valiant Fight” (a scene of capture of Anne Nobles in 1840, who is shown as possessing magical powers).
Vol. 3. The cannons of Taiwan bombarding a British ship; British capture of Chinhai (Zhenhai, 10 October 1841); Chinese constructing a citadel on the seashore.
Vol. 4. British soldiers stealing from the graves; meeting of the Chinese Imperial Court; Chinese attacking a British trading house.
Vol. 5. French ships arrived at the mouth of the Yangtze River; Comet; English and Chinese Trading.
“Later Tokugawa treatments of the Opium War, some serious and some fictional, seemed to reflect and support the case for seclusion and armed expulsion, and these works popularized that argument among the reading public. <…> To different degrees, these authors all contended that the British were evil for dealing in opium and the Quing were foolish to cling to their egocentric, outdated Middle Kingdom world view. <…> Mineta’s illustrated Kaigai Shinwa was especially influential. He vividly stressed the terrible effects that opium had on Quing society and state finances, and he confirmed the justness of Lin Zexu’s crusade after the drug and its peddlers – both foreign and domestic. Mineta sympathetically portrayed helpless Chinese victims of British rapacity. In describing the invaders’ orgies of rape and pillage, he wrote: “each night five to six hundred maidens, their lives ruined, would end their miserable lives.” He lauded the patriotic “braves” who expelled the British barbarians from Canton. Mineta pilloried the Qing officials Yilibu and Quishan for bribing enemy forces with six million dollars while quashing the patriotic militia who strove to fight on as the Daoguang emperor ordered. In the 1850s sequels, such as Kaigai shinwa shūi and Kaigai yowa – together with Shionoya Toin’s Kakka ron and Iwagaki Gesshu’s Seisei kaishin hen – circulated in print or manuscript.” (Brook, T., Wakabayashi, B.T. Opium regimes: China, Britain and Japan, 1839-1952. University of California Press, 2000, p. 61).
“Utagawa Sadahide(歌川貞秀?, 1807 –c. 1878–79), also known as Gountei Sadahide(五雲亭貞秀), was a Japanese artist best known for his prints in theukiyo-estyle as a member of the Utagawa school. His prints covered a wide variety of genres; amongst his best known are his Yokohama-epictures of foreigners in Yokohamain the 1860s, a period when he was a best-selling artist. He was a member of the Tokugawa shogunate's delegation to the International Exposition of 1867in Paris. <…> In the 1850s Sadahide began to become known for his prints of exotic locales. In ca. 1850 he produced the five-volume Kaigai Shinwa(海外新話,New Overseas Stories) about the First Opium War in China…” (Wikipedia).
59. [HIROSHIMA BEFORE THE BOMB]
[Japanese Sketch Book with Forty-six Pen and Ink Drawings of Hiroshima and Environs, Made in the Early Years of WWII, not long before the City was Destroyed by the American Atom Bomb on August 6, 1945].
Three of the sketches dated either 14th or 17th year of the Showa period (1939-1942). Octavo (ca. 21,5x15 cm). 24 leaves. With 46 pen and ink drawings. One signed “J.W.,” three dated, and nine captioned in Japanese characters on the lower margins. Original sketch book with light brown papered boards. Paper slightly age toned, otherwise a very good sketch book.
Collection of forty-six artistic ink drawn views of Hiroshima and other towns of the Hiroshima Prefecture, shown just a few years before the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. The drawings rendered with a quick, proficient hand show town panoramas and street views, harbor scenes with fishing vessels and cranes, farms, railway crossings, saltpans, gardens, and others. Nine drawings captioned in Japanese show: Saijo (two views, one dated February 16, Showa 17 ); Takehara salt farm (three views, including two dated January 2, Showa 14 ); Mitsu beach of the Akitsu town (Higashihiroshima, signed “J.W.”); Utsumi salt farm (Fukuyama city); railway crossing at Aki Nakano [near Hiroshima]; Igushi (Hiroshima). Overall a beautiful representation of Hiroshima and environs, depicted shortly before it was destroyed in 1945.
Saijo is now a part of the Higashihiroshima city, known for its sake breweries. “Occupying a strategic location on the Seto Inland Sea, Takehara became renowned as a port city in the Muromachi period and then flourished as a centre of the salt industry in the latter days of the Edo period” (Wikipedia).
60. [JAPANESE WATERCOLOURS]
NAKAYAMA, Takashi (1893-1978)
[Four Framed Signed Japanese Watercolours Showing a Farmer in Winter; (Probably Same) Farmer and his Wife; A Woman with a Child in Winter; And (Probably Same) Woman and a Child].
Ca. 1920. Each watercolour ca. 31x16 cm (12x6 in.) and signed T. Nakayama in lower right or left. Framed in simple gold gilt wooden frames, gilt with some minor rubbing, Watercolours (not examined out of frames) in very good condition.
Nakayama is well known for his watercolours showing rural Japanese people in everyday life scenes. These four attractive watercolours are good examples of his work.
61. [MAP OF JAPAN]
[Large Folding Map of Japan Titled:] Dai Nihon Koku Zenzu [Complete Map of Japan].
Tokyo: Bureau of Geography, Meiji 16 . Outline hand coloured copper engraved large folding map ca. 161x150 cm (61,5x59,5 in). Original beige linen covered boards with original printed paper labels. A couple of minor repaired tears and a couple of minor small stains but overall a very good map.
This large and very detailed map of the Japanese Empire has five inset plans & maps, which include Tokyo, Kyoto, Hakaido, Bonin Islands and the Amami Islands. This is an historically interesting map from the early Meiji era (1868-1912), which was an era in "which Japanese society moved from being an isolated feudal society to its modern form. Fundamental changes affected its social structure, internal politics, economy, military, and foreign relations. The period corresponded with the reign of Emperor Meiji after 1868, and lasted until his death in 1912" (Wikipedia).
62. [PERRY EXPEDITION – BLACK SHIP SCROLLS]
[Collection of Two Maps from the Famous Japanese Manuscript “Black Ship Scrolls” Showing the Special American Diplomatic Expedition to Japan under the Command of US Navy Commodore Matthew Perry, Including a Birds-eye Map of His First Landing at Kurihama Beach near Uraga (Tokyo Bay, modern Kanagawa Prefecture) on July 14, 1853, and a Map of His Subsequent Survey of the Tokyo Bay’s Western Shore up to Haneda].
Ca. 1853. Two manuscript maps, ca. 28x38,5 cm (11x15 in) and ca. 28x40,5 cm (11x16 in). Black and red ink on rice paper. Both maps with numerous captions in Japanese characters on the images, the second one with a title on verso. Both leaves with minor worm holes, but overall in very good condition.
Collection of two very rare Japanese manuscript maps from a series of so-called “Black Ship Scrolls”, known as an important Japanese record of Commodore Matthew Perry’s naval expeditionary mission to Japan (1853-1854) which lead to the end of its 220-year-old policy of isolation and establishment of diplomatic relations with western “Great Powers”. These are very rare examples of the “Black Ship Scrolls” depicting the first of Perry’s two voyages to Japan which took place in July 1853 (the second one happened half a year later, in February 1854). “Whilst the census for the scrolls and scroll fragments depicting his second arrival in 1854, number at least 20 in institutional hands, for the 1853 arrival of Perry, we locate only one, a 10 foot watercolor scroll in the British Museum…” (Bonhams, New York, September 2016). There are also several fragments of the Black Ship Scrolls dated 1853 in the collection of the Naval War College Museum (Newport).
The first plan depicts Perry’s first landing in Japan which took place on the Kurihama beach near Uraga (part of present day Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, on the western shore of Tokyo Bay) on July 14, 1853, to hand letters and gifts from the US President Fillmore to the Japanese Emperor. The plan shows the tent on shore specially erected for the ceremony of the handover, Japanese armies protecting it from both sides, Japanese boats on shore, two American steamers and fourteen cutter boats in the foreground, and distant hills in the background. The map is supplemented with several notes in Japanese and marks the Japanese troops as Li domain army (right), and Kawagoe domain army (left); Kurihama (beach), Chiyogasaki (cape), Uragadori (road), and others. The second manuscript is a map tracking the movement of the American ships along the western shore of Edo (Tokyo) Bay from Chiyogasaki to Haneda on July 15-17, 1853. This leaf is very similar to a segment of the “Black Ship Scroll” from the collection of the Naval War College Museum (Newport) and marks over a dozen geographical points, including Kawasaki, Hodogaya, Yokosuka, Uraga, Sarujima Island, and others. Dotted lines in red ink mark the expedition route, solid lines in red ink outline the position of the Japanese defence (carried by the armies of Lords of Kawagoe and Hikone) and distances between Japanese towns and villages on shore (measured in ri). The map is titled in ink on verso (can be translated as “Map of American ships arriving at Uraga”), the inscription in black ink and pencil underneath point to its belonging to the collection of Seiji Tsuruta (1817-1892), a noted Japanese naturalist and government official in the Department of Agriculture and Commerce. Overall a beautiful pair of rare Japanese illustrated records of the important American expedition to Japan.
Description of the leaf from the collection of the Naval War College Museum (Newport), similar to ours: “Movement of the American Ships – 3rd to 8th of June, 1853 [Japanese dates]. After the landing of the men, the two steamships changed their anchorage going to Uraga. On the 9th day they went to Kurihama. On that same day they moved near Hommoku. On the 6th day one steamer came close to land at Haneda, so that she was only a little more than one mile from shore. On the 11th four ships came near to Sarushima, Ikoshima, Eboshishima and Natsushima. The land area is shown with many small red lines. These indicate the shore areas for which each Japanese official was held responsible.” (The Black Ships Scrolls [pdf], p. 15/ Perry in Japan: a Visual History/ Brown University Library Center for Digital Scholarship; http://library.brown.edu/cds/perry/scrolls_psnc.html).
“Universal concern bred a variety of means by which news of the Americans was spread throughout the land. One popular and attractive device was the painted pictorial with text done in scroll format. Many were produced, often in duplicate, and they circulated widely. The paintings are not high art; on the contrary, they are work of the artisan and not of the legitimate artist. The usage “Black Ship Scrolls” was coined subsequently and is a reference to the colour of Commodore Perry’s ships. Not many Black Ships Scrolls have survived” (Ibid., p. ).
63. [RUSSIAN HUSSAR & SOLDIER]
[Original Hand Coloured Japanese Woodblock Print Showing a Russian Hussar and a Soldier Titled:] Roshia. Yoropa [Russia. Europe].
Ca. 1830s. Hand coloured woodblock print ca. 25x17 cm (10 x 6 ½ in). With a printed title in the right upper corner. Paper slightly age toned, minor worm hole on the left margin neatly repaired, overall a very good bright print.
Interesting original Japanese woodblock print showing a hussar and a private soldier of the Russian army of ca. 1810s. The hussar is dressed in a blue dolman jacket decorated with gold braid on the chest, and a tall red hat decorated with a hackle, he holds a pistol in his right hand; the private wears a blue jacket, tall black hat, a rucksack and is armed with a rifle with a bayonet. The title in the upper right corner reads “Russia. Europe”. Possibly, the print is based on an Russian original brought to Japan by the embassy of Nikolai Rezanov (1804).
“In August 1803, [Resanov] as official “Russian ambassador to Japan”, he sailed from Kronstadt in the Neva, commanded by Iuri Fedorovich Lisyanski and one of the two vessels of the voyage of Ivan Fedorovich Krusenstern. The Neva eventually anchored off Kamchatka, where Rezanov embarked on the sister-ship Nadezhda with Georg Heinrich von Langsdorf and sailed to Nagasaki in Japan. Going ashore in October 1804, Rezanov and his retinue met a hostile reception and were immediately imprisoned in a guarded compound for several months. At an audience the following April, the negotiations collapsed. The ship’s repairs were putto the Imperial account, all gifts were returned and the Russians were politely but firmly requested to return. <…> [in 1906 Rezanov] despatched the Juno under Nikolai Alexandrovich Khvostov, and the tender Avos under Gavriil Ivanovich Davydov, to retake Sakhalin from the Japanese…” (Howgego, 1800 to 1850, R9).
64. [TOKYO GUIDE]
[Japanese Woodblock Printed Book, Titled:] Kaisei Tokyo Shinmachi Kagami [Tokyo Streets and Suburbs Guide].
Tokyo: Yamatoya Kihei, Meiji 2 (1869). Japanese woodblock printed book ca. 7x15,5 cm (2 ¾ x 6 in). 75 douple-ply leaves. Text in black and red. With a folding plan ca. 11x13 cm (4 ½ x 5 ¼ in). With some minor wear to binding, but otherwise in very nice condition and with title plate intact. Housed in a Japanese-style slipcase.
A comprehensive early Meiji era list of streets and suburbs in Tokyo, supplemented with a folding map of the Teppozu area in the Tsukiji district, showing the Sumida River, Teppozu shrine, and the “Foreigners’ settlement” formed earlier the same year. Supplementary information on the names of towns is added in red ink. Overall a very interesting guide to old Tokyo, which was mostly destroyed or burned down including the Tsukiji district in the Great Kanto earthquake on September 1, 1923.
“In 1869, Tsukiji was designated as an approved residential area for foreigners. As the Yokohama foreign settlement, opened in 1859, had already become a center for commercial activities and international trade, Tsukiji grew more as a focus for education, healthcare and Christian mission work. Early classroom and study facilities for Keio University, Rikkyo University, St. Margaret's Junior College, the American School in Japan and St. Luke's International Hospital were all to be found in this district. From 1875 to 1890 the United States legation also occupied a site in Tsukiji now occupied by the St. Luke's Garden complex. Tsukiji was also the location from 1869 of the Imperial Japanese Navy technical training facilities, renamed in 1876 as the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy. In 1888 the Naval Academy was relocated to from Tsukiji to new, larger facilities at Etajimain Hiroshima Prefecture. The Tsukiji naval buildings next to the Akibashi bridge then became home, until 1923, of the Naval War College, a post-graduate staff college for senior naval officers” (Wikipedia).