December 2015 - Americas, the Pacific & the Polar Regions - Part 1

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SAUER, Martin
An Account of a Geographical and Astronomical Expedition to the Northern Parts of Russia, for Ascertaining the Degrees of Latitude and Longitude of the Mouth of the River Kovima; Of the Whole Coast of the Tshutski, to East Cape; And of the Islands in the Eastern Ocean, Stretching to the American Coast. Performed...By Commodore Joseph Billings, in the Years 1785, &c. to 1794. The Whole Narrated from the Original Papers.

London: A. Strahan For T. Cadell, Jun. and W. Davies, 1802. First Edition. Quarto. xxiii, [i blank], 332, 58 Appendix pp. With a large folding engraved map by Arrowsmith and Fourteen engraved plates. Period brown quarter cloth with marbled boards with brown ink manuscript paper label. Spine largely perish and hinges cracked, corners bumped and a few leaves with foxing but overall still a very good, very original uncut copy.
"First account in English of the first major exploring expedition sent out by the Russians to the Frozen Sea and the North Pacific after Bering's second expedition of 1741"(Streeter VI 3499); Cox I 353; "After the death of Captain Cook, British naval officers with Pacific experience offered their services to various European navies. The English Captain Joseph Billings was appointed by Catherine the Great to lead this Russian expedition, and another Englishman, Martin Sauer, became his secretary and the historian of the voyage. Sauer wrote the fullest account of the voyage. The expedition visited Kodiak, Montague Island, and Prince William Sound, and saw Mt. St. Elias. They produced detailed charts, and this expedition marked the close of the Russian surveys on the eastern coast of Siberia. The appendix contains vocabularies of the languages of Kamchatka, the Aleutian Islands, and Kodiak" (Hill 1528); Lada-Mocarski 58; Ricks p. 192; Sabin 77152.


[Album with over 290 Original Photos or Real Photo Postcards of Alaska, with the Emphasis on the Construction and Early Years of the Copper River & Northwestern Railway from Cordova to the Kennekott Copper Mines].

Ca. 1900-1910s. Oblong Folio (ca. 25x36 cm). Over 50 leaves. With over 290 gelatin silver prints (including over 20 dismounted or loosely inserted ones), vast majority printed as real photo postcards (private and studio ones); also with three large photos ca. 18,5x23,5 cm (7 ¼ x 9 ¼ in) and about two dozen small family portraits. Over 20 images signed and/or titled in negative. With a business card of Lila Marie Hubbell (pianist and teacher, Bremerton, Wash.) loosely inserted. Period style brown half morocco with cloth covered boards; gilt lettered title “Alaska album” on the spine. A number of leaves worn and with tears on extremities, several detached from the stub and loosely inserted, some photos removed from the album (but with 20 additional loose photos at rear); overall a very good album.
Interesting historically significant album with early images of the Copper River and Northwestern Railway, constructed in 1907-1911 by J. P. Morgan and the Guggenheim family to transport copper ore from the Kennicott mining town to Cordova. The railway operated until the copper deposits were depleted in 1938. The Copper River Highway and the McCarthy road were subsequently constructed along the railway’s tracks.
The album apparently compiled by one of the employees of the CR&NW Railway, or by a local resident, contains over 20 original photos of the railway’s trains, going along the tracks, snow plowing, or with railroad workers, engine drivers or passengers posing to the camera. The photos include a nice portrait of the engine drivers posing next to the train’s snow plow on the track, group portrait of workers and officials of the Katalla Coal Company Railroad posing on engine at Brunner Crossing (real photo postcard by Evans), and a view of “Lieut. F. Mears private train, Sept. 5th to 8th 1914, standing at Chitina depot, C.R. & N.W.Ry.” (real photo postcard by P.S. Hunt). A series of eight photos depict a train wreck on the CR&NW Railway with cranes and workers trying to raise the train from a river; there are also scenes of the railway’s survey and construction operations with wood blocks and excavators at work. A dozen photos depict the tracks of the CR&NW Railway, from the wharf in Cordova to the Kennikott mine with the end of the tracks; about seven images show the bridges, including the Kuskalana Bridge under construction and sections of the Million Dollar Bridge across the Copper River. There are also interesting images of several ships belonging to the Alaska Steamship Company fleet which were used to bring supplies for the CR&NW Railway construction: original photo of the steamer “Nizina” with passengers on board, and real photo postcards of S.S. Farallon, S.S. Yukatan and S.S. Northwestern (by J. Thwaites, also with a large photo of the ship by Winter Pond Co.). There is also a real photo postcard of a wreck of S.S. Portland on a beach at Katalla (near Cordova).
Large group of images represent family photos of the album’s compiler, showing Alaskan residents posing in front of their houses, cabins, in hunting camps, with sledge dogs, on board local steamers or small sailing boats; there are interesting photos of the interiors of local houses and cabins, scenes of public entertainment in Fairbanks, a big group portrait taken during a public celebration, a photo of a “Wash day at Smith’s camp”; portrait of skaters on the ice near Chitina et al. Several photos and real photo postcards show views of Cordova, Tenakee Springs, Ketchikan, Seward, Fort Liscum, Chitina and Copper Rivers, Alaskan towns, mountains, glaciers et al. About 20 real photo postcards mounted in the album were taken by J. Thwaites, E. Hegg, Andrew Evans, H.A. Ives, P.S. Hunt, and Winter Pond Co. Overall a very good album.


WHYMPER, F[rederick] (1838-1901)
[Original Signed Watercolour of an Russian American Company Fort in Alaska, Almost Certainly St. Michael’s or Mikhailovsky on St. Michael Island, Norton Sound].

Ca. 1865-1866. Watercolour on paper, ca. 24x32 cm (9 ¼ x 12 ¾ in). Signed by the artist “F. Whymper del.” in the right lower corner. 19th century wooden frame ca. 30x39 cm (11 ¾ x 15 ¼ in), slightly rubbed on extremities and with some minor chips. Paper of watercolour slightly age toned, four very small holes on the image, otherwise a very good watercolour.
Historically important watercolour view of a Russian American Company’s fort in Alaska drawn by British artist Frederick Whymper who extensively travelled across Alaska in 1865 and 1866 – during the Russian-American Telegraph Expedition. With high certainty the fortified settlement on the hill above the sea shore with the Russian flag flying over it and an Orthodox church nearby is fort Mikhailovsky (now St. Michael city, located on St. Michael Island, Norton Sound). A canoe with two rowers and a passenger is approaching the shore where a couple of boats and a burning fire are seen. The Russian flag is still flying over the fort, indicating that the watercolour had been made before the official transfer of Alaska to the United States on October 18, 1867.
The view depicted by Whymper is very similar to the description of fort Mikhailovsky given by Whymper in his book “Travel and Adventure in the Territory of Alaska...” (London, 1868):
“Redoubt St. Michael’s, or Michaelovski, the principal station of the Russian American Fur Company in this northern section of “Walrus-sia,” deserves something more than just a passing notice. It is not merely the best point for a vessel to touch at, in order to land goods for the interior, including that great tract of country watered by the Yukon; but it has been, and is, to a great extent, a central post for Indian trade, and for the collection of furs from distant and interior posts. <…> St. Michael <…> is situated on the south-east side of the island of the same name, and was founded in 1833, by Michael Tebenkoff, an energetic employee of the Russian Fur Company.
The station is built on the model of a Hudson’s Bay Co.’s Fort, with enclosure of pickets, and with bastions flanking it. Inside are the store-houses and dwellings of the employees, including the “casine” (caserne), or general barrack, bath and cook-houses. These painted yellow, and surmounted by red roofs, gave it rather a gay appearance. <…> Outside the post, besides other buildings, there was a small chapel, in which on “Prazniks,” or holidays of the Church, and on each Sunday, a service was performed. A priest of the Greek Church, resident at the “Mission” on the Lower Yukon, comes down occasionally to baptize the natives. <…> The island is thick with moss, covering up, in some places, a bed of clay; berries in summer are abundant, and can be obtained fresh in winter by digging through their thick covering of snow. There are no trees whatever, and the fort is dependent on drift-wood from the mouths of the Yukon or Kwich-pak, which is fortunately landed in large quantities by the prevailing winds and currents, all over the shores of Norton Sound” (pp. 127-131).
“Whymper arrived in Victoria in the autumn of 1862, and the following summer he travelled to the Cariboo district of British Columbia on what he described as “a sketching and pedestrian tour.” <…> After a second winter in Victoria, Whymper set out in March 1864 for Bute Inlet (B.C.), in order to publicize through his drawings the road that Alfred Penderell Waddington was attempting to build to the Cariboo. He dutifully gave good reports of the enterprise, but attracted more attention from his account of the background to the killing of workers on the project by Indians, which had occurred while he was leaving the region. <…> Soon after he arrived back in Victoria, Whymper applied for the position of artist on the Vancouver Island Exploring Expedition. Of wiry build, he accepted the rigours of an expedition which covered much of the southern part of the island. An exhibition of 33 of his drawings from the exploration was held in Victoria in November 1864.
In 1865 Whymper joined the Russian-American Telegraph project, which intended to construct a telegraph line linking the United States and Europe through British Columbia, Alaska, and Siberia. As its artist he went to Norton Sound (Alas.) during the summer and then crossed to Petropavlovsk (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, Russia). Following a winter in San Francisco, he again set out for Petropavlovsk and subsequently travelled around the Gulf of Anadyr (Andadyrsky Zaliv, Russia). Near the end of October 1866 he crossed to Mikhailovski (St Michael) on Norton Sound, and after a winter at Nulato he ascended the Yukon River to Fort Yukon, where he received news of the successful laying of a transatlantic telegraph cable. On his return to Mikhailovski in August 1867 he was told of the abandonment of the Russian-American project” (Dictionary of Canadian Biography online).


TAYLOR, B[en] P.
[Autograph 4 1/2 page Content Rich Letter in Pencil on Lined Paper with the Original Stamped Envelope, Signed B. P. Taylor Addressed to C. M. Lockwood, Salem, Oregon and Dated Nome July 9, 1900, Describing in Vivid Details the First Months of the Gold Rush at Nome].

Nome, Alaska, July 9th 1900. The four page letter with twenty-five lines per page. The first three pages with the pencil text written recto only and the fourth also with seven lines written on verso, Taylor's signature underneath. Letter accompanied by addressed & stamped envelope, postmarked. Sheet size: "Received / Jul 23 1900 / C. M. Lockwood" red stamp to top of first page of letter. First page of letter and envelope with 'pin' holes to top left, otherwise, both written in a legible hand and in very good condition.
Ben Taylor had travelled to Nome from Oregon with Fred Lockley (later famed journalist) and together they were both appointed Nome's and also Alaska's first mailmen on June 21st, 1900. In this letter Taylor, less than a month on the job, vividly describes the growing Gold Rush town of Nome which at that point was barely a year old: "Saloons are thick. One place has 15 in one row all side by side they run open as a grocery store at home and are full of every gambling game you can think of. Women go in just the same as men just like saloons at fair time. Every one has music of some kind. Some have dance halls. You dance with a girl then they take her up to the bar and treat costs 50 cents and that is the way it goes on that line. To try to describe it proper would be impossible. Ever since I been here you could count 50 ships in the harbor any day and they are coming and going every day. When we landed on the beach there was the worst jam you ever saw. Freight piled 10 feet high as far as you can see millions of dollars laying on the beach in everything you can think of, and everyone trying to get their stuff first, and only 4 or 5 feet from the water and that space filled with wagons and dog teams, men with carts and any old thing you could ask for. I wish you could see the power plants on the beach they are stretched out for miles up and down the beach. Steam, gasoline, coal, oil, windmills etc .I wish you could see them and all the different kinds of machines for saving gold. Everyone has a different idea. And talk about your boat building, the people are making thousands of them to go to the different streams prospecting and mining. Tents on the beach are as thick as they can stick for 20 miles most all camped on the sand from 20 to 60 feet from the water. This town is a mushroom town, sprang from 5 thousand to 30000 in a week or two, such a jam on the street you can hardly push yourself along sometimes. The streets is so narrow in some places I can step across the street from side walk to side walk in two steps hardly as wide as out alleys at home. I have seen one team block the whole street. A drunk man can lay down on the side walk or in the street and sleep all day people walk around him and never bother him at all. I could write for a week if I had the time to spare but will tell you all when I get home. I am making from 5 to 7 dollars a day now working in the Post Office. Am going mining in a few days."
"When the Nome, Alaska, post office opened in June 1899, Joseph Wright was named postmaster. By that fall, over 3,000 people were in Nome, with thousands more on the way. Clum had returned to Alaska in April, and concentrated his efforts on Western Alaska and the Bering Sea, extending postal service to the north Bering Sea coast, and establishing semi-monthly postal service between Nome and Point Blossom.
By the summer of 1900, the Nome rush had reached its peak. Over 20,000 people crowded the city and beaches of Nome, looking for gold--and mail. Clum, who assumed charge of the Nome post office for much of the summer of 1900, employed 23 men in that tiny building. Fortunately for him, among the gold-seekers that summer were two letter carriers from Salem, Oregon. Fred Lockley, Jr. And Ben Taylor, after obtaining temporary leaves of absence from their jobs, had arrived in Nome looking for gold that summer. When it became apparent to both that there were no available claims, they approached Clum with an interesting offer--their service as free city delivery carriers. The pair were hired, and their work was deeply appreciated by the astonished citizens of Nome. Lockley wrote about their work in a small book, "Alaska's First Free Mail Delivery in 1900" (Smithsonian Postalmuseum); "In the summer of 1898, the "Three Lucky Swedes": Norwegian-American Jafet Lindeberg, and two naturalized American citizens of Swedish birth, Erik Lindblom and John Brynteson, discovered gold on Anvil Creek. News of the discovery reached the outside world that winter. By 1899, Nome had a population of 10,000 and the area was organized as the Nome mining district. In that year, gold was found in the beach sands for dozens of miles along the coast at Nome, which spurred the stampede to new heights. Thousands more people poured into Nome during the spring of 1900 aboard steamships from the ports of Seattle and San Francisco. By 1900, a tent city on the beaches and on the treeless coast reached 48 km (30 mi), from Cape Rodney to Cape Nome. In June of that year, Nome averaged 1000 newcomers a day" (Wikipedia).


ORTELIUS, A[braham] (1527-1598)
[Map of Western Hemisphere Titled:] Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio.
Antwerp, ca. 1571. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 36,5x50,5 cm (14 ½ x 20 in). Map cleaned and sized and with some expert minor repair to lower blank margin, remains of archival mounting tape on verso. Overall still a very good and attractive map.
This attractive ornamental map is an impression from the first of three copperplates, without the publisher's address, second state (of three) with the Azores correctly labelled. From one of the third Latin editions, 1571-73. "Ortelius depicts the discoveries of a number of people on this map, but the general shape of the continent is derived from Gerard Mercator's great twenty-one sheet world map of the previous year. The two of them had a close relationship and shared their knowledge openly with each other.., One of the main noticeable features of the map is the bulbous Chilean coastline; this was not corrected until his third plate. A strategically placed cartouche hides a complete lack of knowledge of the southern waters of the Pacific. Once through the Strait of Magellan the voyager's sea route took him on an almost direct course for the East Indies. No sight had been made of a large continent but conventional wisdom had it that there had to be as much land in the southern hemisphere as in the northern. This was not fully dispelled until the second voyage of the remarkable Captain James Cook in 1772-75. The west coast of North America is shown too far west, as was common at the time" (Burden 39).
"This is one of the most famous maps of America and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The map features an exaggerated breadth of the North American continent, with a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego" (Old World Auctions); Broecke 9.2; Koeman III, 9000: 31A; Tooley, America S. 320; Wagner 80.


CHARLES, John, Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (d. 1849)
[Autograph Letter Signed to Alexander Christie, Chief Factor of the York Factory, Reporting of the Brigade’s Affairs Before Leaving Norway House to Fort Chipewyan for the Season].
Norway House, 1 August 1830. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 3 pp. Addressed, sealed and docketed on the last blank page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, otherwise a very good legible letter.
An interesting letter from John Charles, a leader of the Hudson’s Bay Company’s Athabasca Brigade and Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (1830-1834), written on the eve of the brigade’s departure to the interior for the winter trade. The letter is addressed to Alexander Christie (1792-1872), chief factor of the York Factory, subsequently considered one of the most influential factors of the Hudson’s Bay Company.
Charles reports on the departure of the Athabasca Brigade, as well as conditions and supplies at Norway House: “We have now nearly made an end of our Business here and expect to move off at the latest in a Day or so. Our four Boats for Athabasca were away Yesterday with an Ample Supply for the Season to meet all Demands. The Goods forwarded by Messrs. Meler & Hargrave for the Men’s Equipment were most ample <…> the Men appear quite Satisfied with these Advances, which are the best they ever got.”He hopes that when “the Athabasca Brigade will henceforth return from the Plain [?], if we could have a Building of some kind erected for transacting our Business it will be of great Advantage, for at present the want of Sufficient Room even to make a temporary Shop, creates much Inconvenience, and I may add not a little Confusion. I would also be obliged to you to give Orders to have the Boats built for us at this Place, for the New Boats brought from the other Places we generally get the Worst.” Charles reports that “in order to prevent too much of some Articles and too little of others being forwarded for Men’s Equipment next Spring, I have made out a Requisition, both for Advances and Outfit, which if it can be complied with will be fully Sufficient.” He also complains of hard conditions on the Winter Road, resulting in sickness and injury among the Indian accompanying the brigade. Overall a very interesting informative letter.


KÖHLER, J[ohann] D[avid] (1684-1755)
[Atlas of the Modern World Titled:] Atlas Manualis Scholasticus et Itinerarius Complectens Novae Geographiae Tabulas LI.

Nürnberg: Johann Christoph Weigel, [1723]. Revised edition with an updated index and title. Folio (37x25 cm). With a copper engraved title (index verso), double-page copper engraved frontispiece by J. G. Berckmüller, and fifty-one original hand coloured copper engraved maps on fifty (forty-nine double-page & one folding) leaves. Original brown limp full sheep with blind stamped title on spine. Covers mildly rubbed, titled page with a couple marginal tears (with old repairs), Frontispiece slightly shaved at top at, a few maps with marginal tears and old repairs. However the atlas overall in very good and very original condition, the maps are strong impressions and generally clean with attractive unfaded original hand colouring.
The fifty-one very decorative maps include: A World map, Europe, Portugal, Spain, France, Lorraine, Great Britain, England, Scotland, Ireland, Netherlands(3), Germany and fifteen maps of German states, Switzerland, Italy and five maps of Italian states, Scandinavia, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Muscovy, Danube course, Hungary (two maps together), Greece (2), Asia, Ottoman Empire, Holy Land, Africa & America. The maps are based on designs by Homann, Moll and Goos and are decorated with very attractive cartouches. The historian Koehler and engraver and publisher Weigel collaborated on a number of atlases, this probably being the most elaborate. Johann David Kohler was a professor of logic and history at universities in Altdorf and later Göttingen and served briefly as university librarian at Altdorf. (Tooley K-P p.49). Johann Christoph Weigel (1654-1725), was a German engraver, illustrator and publisher (Tooley Q-Z p. 367); Phillips 569;


PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius (after 83-ca 168 AD)
Geographiae Universae tum veteris tum novae absolvtissimum opus duobus voluminibus distinctum in quorum priore habentur Cl. Ptolemæi Pelvisiensis Geographicae enarrationis Libri octo. P. I-II.., [Universal Geography..,].

Cologne: Petrus Keschedt, 1597. Second Latin Edition. Quarto, 2 parts in one. [viii], 184, [38], [2]; 292 leaves, [28 leaves index]. With two elaborately engraved title-pages with oval cartouches within engraved allegorical borders and 63 full-page engraved maps printed on rectos or versos of letterpress. Bound without the double page world map (after Rumold Mercator) often found bound in after p. 28 in part 2, but with no trace that it was ever present. Period full vellum with manuscript title in ink on spine. New endpapers and text mildly age toned throughout, otherwise in very good original condition.
"Second edition of Ptolomy's Geographia edited by Giovanni Magnini which was first published in Venice 1596. The maps are exact copies of Girolamo Porro's maps used for the first edition and later Venetian editions. This is the issue without the colophon at the end of the "Index" (corresponding with a copy at Harvard)" (Sothebys); Alden & Landis 597/57; Phillips 404 (issue with colophon); Sabin 66493n and 43822; Shirley 201-204.


[A Collection of Nineteen Mounted Photographs of Australia (Twelve of Sydney) and New Zealand].
Ca. 1885. Nineteen mounted albumen prints, seventeen each ca. 13,5x18,5 cm (5 ½ x 7 ½ in) and two 19,5x24 cm (7 ½ x 9 ½ in), most images captioned in ink manuscript on mounts. Some very mild fading of margins but generally very good strong images.
The collection gives a good over view of Sydney around 1885, then a city of about 300,000 inhabitants. The views in this collection include: Scene from Sydney Town Hall; Bulli Forest; Lane Cove River, Sidney Harbour; Scene from Sydney Town Hall; Zig Zag Railway, Lithgow Valley, Blue Mt.; Darling Harbour and Balmain; View of Parramata River; Blue Point, Sydney Harbour; Scene near St. Leonard's, Sidney Harbour; Mount Wellington (Tasmania); Hobartown, the Fern Tree Bower; Nugget Point Lighthouse (New Zealand); Dusky Sound, West Coast; Rere Lake; Jollie River Pass; Moonlight Gorge, South Alps.


[A Collection of Five Attractive Original Early Unsigned Watercolours of Australia Including Botany Bay, Lake Midgeon, Wagga-Wagga; Tamar River, Tasmania (x2) and the Title of the Collection "Homeward Bound"].

Ca. 1870. Four album oblong folio leaves. The five mounted watercolours each ca. 16x29 cm (6 ½ x 11 ½ in) or slightly smaller, with pencil captions on mounts. Mounts with a couple of minor marginal tears, but otherwise a very good collection.
An attractive collection of scenic watercolours of colonial Australia. The Botany Bay (Sydney) view shows the bay with a steam ship moored at a pier. The Lake Midgeon view shows a homestead in the background with a lake (Midgeon) and a bridge in the foreground. Today Lake Midgeon has dried up and is now Mejum Swamp. The first Tamar River view shows a steam and sail ship while the second view is purely a river view.


TURNER, Captain Henry A., Royal Artillery (British, active 1849-1853)
[Original Initialed (on verso) "H.A.T." Watercolour on two Joined Sheets, Dated & Titled:] Pilgrim. The Governor's Residence Barbados. Apl. 1852.

1852. Watercolour ca. 18x26,5 cm (7 ½ x 10 ½ in). Recently matted. Watercolour overall in very good condition.
This attractive and skillfully executed pencil and watercolour view shows "Government House [which] is the official residence and office of the Governor-General of Barbados. It was built in the colonial days and was the residence of the Governor of Barbados. It later continued in the role of official residence and office of the Governor-General following political independence from the United Kingdom in 1966. Government House was once a Quaker Plantation, until it was purchased by the Imperial Government, when it acted as a replacement to The Bagatelle Great House in the Parish of St. Thomas" (Wikipedia).


[Album with 42 Original Photographs of Unalaska, St. Paul's Island, Attu and Point Barrow, Alaska Compiled by a Crew Member of the Cutter Chelan (250-foot class) While on the Bering Sea Patrol in 1935; [With] a Mounted Newspaper Clipping About the Undersea Mountain found by the Chelan and Postcard of Cutter "Caught in the Ice"].

Ca. 1935. 22 black card stock leaves. The forty-two mounted gelatin silver prints ca. 9x15 cm (3 ½ x 6 in), most captioned in negative. Original black patterned cloth album and bound together with a string. Front cover loose but held in place by tape on verso of front cover, signs of removal of photo on rear paste down, extremities rubbed but overall a good album with sharp images.
The Bering Sea Patrol sailed Alaska’s western and northern waters. "Patrols usually began in late April or the first part of May. The cutters would sail northward from ports on the West Coast, or Hawaii, making their first port of call at Unalaska for briefings and assignments. Then the ships would sail for their designated areas around the Aleutian Islands, the Pribilof Islands, or the heavy fishing areas. The cutters had the authority to stop, and board, vessels violating sealing and fishing laws. Patrol length usually stretched from 20 to 30 days and thereafter the ships would return to Unalaska for further assignments. After about a week in port, the cutters would be underway again to a new assignment. This routine was in force until at least October, when all the ships returned to their homeports" (
This album documents the Cutter Chelan's 1935 Bering Sea Patrol and the album's strong images include: Winning boat of sailing races; Chelan, Inside Passage of Alaska 1935; Overlooking Unalaska harbor; Heading for the Narrows; Chelan at Ketchikan, Bering Sea Cruise, 1935; Bag inspection, 2nd division; Beard elimination program Unalaska, 1935; "Ballyhoo," Dutch Harbor; Unalaska hills in summer bloom; Unalaska from Pyramid Peak; Panoramic view of Unalaska; Hiking party from Chelan near Unalaska; Harem of fur seals, St. Paul Island, Alaska; Seal rookery, St. Paul Island; "Schooner Wawona," Alaska; A fine string of fox skins, Unalaska; Chelan party on Summit Pyramid Peak; Chelan men at infantry drill at Unalaska; Champion race boat crew, Bering Sea Patrol, 1935; Eskimo Igloo, Point Barrow, Alaska; Red Muir vs. Kid Abbey; Seal rookeries, St. Paul Island; The seals of St. Paul Island; Sailing races, Unalaska, 1935; Hospital Unalaska; View of Unalaska from Crow's Nest of Chelan; Attu, Alaska; Fishing party, Unalaska; Unalaska; Fur seals at St. Paul Island; Cod fishing vessel, "Wawona;" Russian church, Unalaska; Waterfall, Captain's Harbour; Chelan hiking party on way Pyramid Peak, July 28 - 35; Seal rookery, St. Paul Island; Russian church in Unalaska.


[Official Certified Transcript of Documents Relating to the Franciscan Mission of Iti and the Guaricaya Indians in Southern Bolivia].

[La Plata (Bolivia), 1784-1789]. Folio (ca. 31x21,5 cm). 31 pp., stitched with a string. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, text in Spanish. Housed in a recent navy blue half morocco box with gilt lettered title on the spine. Manuscript with minor soiling and wear, old folds and creasing. Faint damp stain on final few leaves, causing very minor loss to five or six leaves, primarily in the margin, with only a few words affected. Overall a very good manuscript.
Official collection of documents relating to missions in the Viceroyalty of La Plata in present-day Bolivia, specifically the Reduccion of Iti. Written on certified paper dated 1780-1781, with official certification stamps dated 1784-1785 and 1790-1791, the documents are in a neat secretarial hand. Included is a list of the accounts and explanations of expenses for the Reduccion of Iti, detailing items and their costs, as well as correspondence concerning their staffing and running. The Guaricaya Indians, the tribal group of the immediate area are also mentioned in the document. A significant record of an Indian mission in the foothills of the Andes, at a time for which little documentation exists.
The Iti mission, founded by the Jesuits, is one of a group of missions which survived as such into the 19th century; those immediately to the north are now designated a World Heritage site. After the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish America in 1767, most of their missions were taken over by Franciscans or secularized. The missions at Iti, Fayarenda, and Azero, all discussed in the manuscript, were among those which became Franciscan. All were in the same region of southern Bolivia, just north of the Argentine provinces of Salta and Jujuy, in what is today the Chuquisaca Department. Under Spanish rule this area had been administered by the Viceroyalty of La Plata, which controlled what are now the lowlands of Bolivia, while the highlands to the west were governed by the Viceroyalty of Peru. Iti sits along the ancient Incan road, now Route 9 in Bolivia and northern Argentina.
Provenance: Maggs, Bibliotheca Americana 3239, issued in 1924.


[Autograph Letter in French from a Young French Cotton Merchant in Rio de Janeiro to his Father, Signed “J.H. Laine,” with the latest News about the Brazilian Market].

Rio de Janeiro, 20 September 1816. Quarto (ca. 25,5x19,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, addressed and sealed on the 4th page. With a period ink inscription in another hand on the 1st page. Small hole on the 3rd page after opening, not affecting the text, otherwise a very good letter.
An interesting letter from a young French merchant in Rio de Janeiro addressed to his father who is also his business partner. In the beginning he outlines the most efficient way of sending correspondence to Rio de Janeiro – via a British packet boat which “leaves on the first day of each month from Falmouth and reaches us in about fifty days.” Then the author complains that the “trade is still very bad here. I would have sold all the cheap things if we haven’t badly done the invoice”. He complains that because of the mistake in the invoice they received “rouge de theatre” instead of “porcelaine [?]”, and it can’t be sold [apparently talking about different colour of fabrics]. Then follows the contents of the invoice, supplemented with a note that “in this country they don’t use red, and the theatre being closed we can’t get rid of it”. The young merchant also mentions trade ships from Bordeaux and hopes that there won’t be too many of them loaded with luxury goods. He notes that sugar, as well as leather and coffee is expensive in Brazil, and then proceeds: “If you want to send me cheap things please don’t send me tobacco and wine, because the former is considered smuggling and very difficult to import, and the second is a very unprofitable article along with all sort of fragrance”. In the end he asks his father for at least 300 francs to buy a horse which is absolutely necessary here. “We live 1 and a half lieue from the city, as I’m obliged to go very often, summer will start here, and the heat is extremely strong; but I can’t go to town often without becoming sick”. Overall a good letter in rich content about early French trade in Rio de Janeiro.
The author is most likely a relative of noted French admiral Pierre Jean Honorat Laine (1796-1875).


BARBOSA, Januario da Cunha (1780-1864)
[Protocols and Procedures for Burials in the Churches of Rio de Janeiro] Exposição do Padre Januario da Cunha Barbosa a El-Rei D. João VI sobre as sepulturas nas Egrejas do Rio de Janeiro.

Ca. 1813-1816. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). 4 pp., with two integral blank leaves, tied with two pink ribbons. Brown ink on laid paper watermarked “1813”, legible text in Portuguese. Paper tag ("Avulços") glued to final leaf. Laid into later ruled paper folder (typed title as given above). Paper slightly age toned, mild fold marks, otherwise a near fine document.
Unpublished manuscript on church burials in Rio de Janeiro by one of the earliest Brazilian literary critics and an important figure in the independence movement.
An apparently unpublished work on the protocols and procedures for burials in churches of Rio de Janeiro, written at a time when such burials were becoming an important public health issue. Cunha Barbosa was appointed prégador for the royal chapel in Rio de Janeiro in 1808. There he became involved in deciding which tombs in the church could be opened when a member of a family or of a religious order died. Apparently Cunha Barbosa had been reprimanded for opening one tomb, and in this work he explains his decision at greater length than he had previously done. He also states the procedures for opening a tomb and notes which church officials had to authorize it. Cunha Barbosa refers to the addressee as "V.A. R." throughout, and once as "Principe." This suggests that the addressee was D. João VI during his tenure as Prince Regent (i.e., before 1816).
Two works dealing with burials as a public health matter were published by Brazilians before independence: Vicente Coelho de Seabra Silva e Telles' Memoria sobre os prejuizos causados pelas sepulturas dos cadaveres nos templos, e methodo de os prevenir (Lisbon, 1800), and José Correa Picanço's Ensaio sobre os perigos das sepulturas dentro das cidades, e nos seus contornos (Rio de Janeiro, 1812; See Guerra, Bibliografia medica brasileira 20.)
Januario da Cunha Barbosa took orders in 1803 and soon earned such a reputation as a religious orator that in 1808 he was named prégador for the royal chapel in Rio de Janeiro. One of the leading spirits in the Independence movement, he founded and edited (along with Joaquim Gonçalves Ledo) the periodical Reverbero Constitucional Fluminense from September 1821 to October 1822. At the end of 1822 his rival from the liberal party, José Bonifácio, had him deported without trial, but a year later - as Bonifácio himself was being deported - Cunha Barbosa returned to Brazil. There he was simultaneously elected deputy to the new legislature for Minas Geraes and for Rio de Janeiro. He later served as director of the Imprensa Nacional and the Biblioteca Nacional.
Cunha Barbosa published numerous sermons, some poetry, and articles on a wide range of subjects in the journals of various learned societies. His anthology Parnaso Brasileiro (Rio de Janeiro, 1829-30) is a major literary contribution. With its publication Cunha Barbosa became one of the earliest Brazilian literary critics and preserved much poetry of the colonial period which would doubtless otherwise have been lost. (See Verissimo, História da literatura brasileira [1969] p. 119.) He also co-founded, with Raymundo José da Cunha Mattos, the Instituto Historico e Geographico Brazileiro in 1838. The Instituto had much wider interests than its name suggests, and came to serve as a forum for all Brazilian writers. Work done under its auspices set the direction for much of the historical, geographical and ethnological research later done in Brazil. (See Verissimo, p. 127).
On Cunha Barbosa, see Innocêncio III, 254; VI, 127; VII, 71; X, 117. See also Sacramento Blake III, 294-300. OCLC: No printed version or other manuscript version located. No printed or manuscript version located in Porbase, Copac, or OCLC.


[Original Watercolour of the Brazilian Island Trindade Dated and Titled:] Ille de la Trinite, Vue le 1er Janvier 1821..,

At Sea, January 1, 1821. Watercolour ca. 19x28 cm (8 x 11 ½ in). Grey wash on paper, mounted on an album leaf with double borders ruled in ink, manuscript caption title. Overall a very good watercolour.
This attractively executed watercolour by an anonymous French voyager shows the Island of Trindade with a ship's launch at sea in the foreground."Trindade and Martim Vaz .., is an archipelago located about 1,200 kilometers (740 mi) east of Vitória in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, belonging to the State of Espírito Santo, Southeast Brazil...,The archipelago consists of five islands and several rocks and stacks; Trindade is the largest island..,
The islands are of volcanic origin and have rugged terrain. They are largely barren, except for the southern part of Trindade. They were discovered in 1502 by Portuguese explorer Estêvão da Gama and stayed Portuguese until they became part of Brazil at its independence. From 1890 to 1896, Trindade was occupied by the United Kingdom until an agreement with Brazil was reached. During the period of British occupation, Trindade was known as "South Trinidad"" (Wikipedia).


[Album with 15 Original Photographs of Vancouver, Mostly of Stanley Park, with Three Views of False Creek and English Bay].

Ca. 1910s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 17,5x25,5 cm), 18 album leaves (two loosely inserted). 15 mounted gelatin silver prints ca. 10x15 cm (3 7/8 x 5 ¾ in). All but one with period white ink captions on the mounts. Original grey paper wrappers album with stamped title “Photographs” on the front cover. Several images with minor silvering, otherwise a very good album.
Attractive photographs of Vancouver’s Stanley park views, showing the park’s entrance, main paths and alleys, impressive cedar trees, the Duck pond, the fog bell tower, “Water pipe line,” the Royal Corner and the Second beach. There is also a panoramic view of the North Shore mountains taken from Stanley park, as well as a view of downtown Vancouver taken from False Creek, with a wooden bridge on the left (apparently, the first Cambie street bridge constructed in 1891). The album closes with two photos of English Bay showing private houses on the waterfront, and swimmers and a boat near the surf.


[Album of 78 Original Photographs Titled:] Photographs Taken on the tour Throughout Canada, of Their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, During the Period May to October 1912.

1912. Oblong Large Octavo (14,5x22 cm). Seventy-eight gelatin silver prints each ca. 8x13,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in). All with captions in typewritten descriptive text. Period black pebbled morocco album. Front cover hinge with tape repair but overall a very good album with sharp images.
This photo album documents the cross-Canada tour of the then Governor General of Canada, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850-1942) and the Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn (Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia). These skilled sharp amateur images candidly and captivatingly show the places visited on the tour and include views of: Montreal (5); Niagara Falls (5); Quebec (2); CPR (7); Halifax (6); Saskatoon (1); Allan, Sask. (2); Calgary (Stampede) (3); Cochrane, Alberta (3); Banff (9); Rocky Mountains (11); Lake Louise (6); Nanaimo (1); Prince Rupert (4); Port Simpson (5); Alert Bay (7); Indian Head, Sask. (1).


PEDDER, John (1850-1929) & CAINE, William Sproston (1842-1903)
[Original Ink Drawing of "Indians catching Salmon. Fraser River. British Columbia" used for the Illustration in W.S. Caine’s "A Trip Around the World in 1887-8", London: Routledge, 1888].

[1887-8]. Ink on paper, ca. 13,5x15,5 cm (5 ¼ x 6 in). Signed “JP” in the left lower corner, captioned in ink on the lower margin. Mounted on a larger sheet of Japanese paper and recently matted. Blank margins chipped, otherwise a very good bright drawing.
Original ink drawing captioned "Indians catching Salmon. Fraser River. British Columbia" and used as the illustration to p. 121. “There are three separate runs of salmon every year. They run for fresh water in the spawning season, ascending as far inland as possible, after the manner of salmon at home. Those entering the Fraser River work their way to a point 800 miles from salt water. The main seat of the salmon fishing is New Westminster, and for miles above the town the river swarms with boats, manned chiefly by Indians, who scoop the fish out of the water with nets like the ordinary landing net, but much larger” (p. 120-121).
W.S. Caine, a British politician and Temperance advocate, travelled around the world with his daughter Hannah in August 1887 - March 1886. He went across the Atlantic Ocean on a steam liner from Liverpool to Quebec, then crossed Canada overland through the Rocky Mountains and British Columbia, went on a steamer from Vancouver to San Francisco and continued his trip to Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ceylon and India. Caine’s numerous sketches and photographs taken during the journey were used as illustrations to his book, some in the original state, and some being reworked “by my old friend, Mr. John Pedder, of Maidenhead, who has evolved the greater portion of the illustrations, with accuracy and artistic skill” (Caine. A Trip around the World, p. X).
John Pedder was an English watercolour artist, a member of the Liverpool Academy and a Secretary of the Liverpool Society of Painters in Watercolours. He actively exhibited at the Royal Academy and the Royal Society of British Artists.
Four other ink drawings used as illustrations for the book and depicting the scenery of British Columbia are now in the B.C. Archives.


GILLEN, Denver Laredo (1914-1975)
[Watercolour of Black Tusk in the Garibaldi Ranges, Coastal Mountains, B.C.].

1935. Watercolour on paper, ca. 33x28 cm (ca. 13x11 in). Signed “Gillen, 1935” in the left lower corner. Mounted in a recent mat. Large strokes of paint brush on verso. Evocative recently matted watercolour in very good condition.
This evocative and atmospheric painting was sold at auction (Sloan 1991) in a lot with a painting by Frederick Horsman Varley (1881-1969) "Cheakamus Gorge, Indian Country." Gillen was a student of Varley's and became a well known illustrator and book dust jacket artist. In 1933 Varley and former student J.W.G. Macdonald opened the BC College of Arts which unfortunately only survived two years due to the depression. This present painting was most likely produced during that time and one can surmise that it was produced on a field trip to Garibaldi Park, north of Vancouver, and that Gillen had accompanied Varley and perhaps Macdonald as well.


[Album with Thirty Original Photos of the Connaught Barracks in Nanaimo and Its Military Contingent During the WW1].

Ca. 1915-1916. Quarto (ca. 29x23,5 cm). 27 album leaves. With thirty gelatin silver prints ca. 8x13,5 cm (3 x 5 ½ in) or smaller. Period black cloth album fastened with a string, with a gilt lettered title “The Ideal Scrap Book” on the front board. Leaves with the attached photos slightly wavy, several images removed by previous owners, but overall a very good album.
Historically important collection of thirty original photos of the Connaught Barracks in Nanaimo during the WW1 and the troops stationed there, including the 72th Regiment of the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada, and the Canadian Mounted Rifles. The images include group portraits of the officers and soldiers, scenes of military exercises of infantry and artillery troops, reviews and parades et al. Several views show different wooden buildings of the barracks, the main building (former Nanaimo Agricultural Hall), a tent camp nearby, and the Nanaimo Bastion. A very interesting collection of original photos apparently taken by a member of a regiment stationed at the Connaught Barracks.
“In 1911 work started on the Agricultural Hall. It was opened the following year. In 1913 there were sheds to accommodate horses, cows, pigs and sheep on the grounds. By October of 1913 the hall had been turned over to the military to house the Civil Aid Force during the big (miners) strike of 1912-1914. Detachments of troops were still stationed on the site in August, 1914 when World War One started. At this time, the Agricultural Hall was renamed the Connaught Barracks. In 1915, the animal sheds were demolished to build stables for the horses of elements of the Canadian Mounted Rifles stationed at the barracks. By 1917, agricultural shows were once again being held at the site <…>” (Nanaimo Cultural Heritage Newsletter. November 2014, online). Most of the buildings of the Connaught Barracks were demolished in 1957, apart from the single stable building (modern address – the intersection of Machleary and Wentworth Streets).


A Bill to Incorporate the Town of Nanaimo.

[1866]. Folio (ca. 32,5x20,5 cm), 4 pp. Light blue paper with minor creases on extremities, overall a very good copy.
Rare bill representing an early attempt of incorporation of Nanaimo; the attempt was unsuccessful, and the city of Nanaimo was incorporated only on 26 December 1874.
The bill was brought into the Assembly of Vancouver Island (Third House, Third Session, 1865-66) by the Nanaimo representative Hon. Mr. Cunningham on January 26, 1866, passed three readings there and was transmitted to the Legislative Council of Vancouver Island on 28 March, 1866 (Journals of the Colonial Legislatures of the Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, 1851-1871/ Ed. By James E. Hendrickson. Vol. 3. Journals of the House of Assembly, Vancouver Island, 1863-1866, p. 594). The Council received the bill and let it pass a 1st reading, but already on 4 April the Colonial Secretary sent to the Council “a Communication he had received from Mr. Thomas Parker requesting him to lay before the Legislative Council A Petition from the Residents of Nanaimo praying the Council not to pass A Bill Entitled An Act to incorporate the Town of Nanaimo” (Henderson, Vol. 1. Journals of the Council, Executive Council and Legislative Council of Vancouver Island, 1851-1866. p. 346).
After much controversy, with a communication from the specially organized Committee “to assist Mr. Cunningham” which stated that the signatures to the petition against the bill “had been obtained by fraud misinterpretation and undue influence” (10 April, Henderson, Vol. 1, p. 347), the bill was referred to a “Select Committee” for a further investigation on 17 April. The Legislative Council finally postponed the second reading of the bill for six months on May 28, and that was the end of the story (Henderson, Vol. 1, p. 356).


[SEYMOUR, Frederick] (1820-1869)
Prorogation of the Legislative Council, New Westminster, 2nd April, 1867. The Governor’s Speech.

[New Westminster, 1867].Broadside, Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm), 1 p. Text printed in two columns on watermarked laid paper “A. Cowan & Sons, 1865”. Paper aged, with minor chip on the left upper corner, otherwise a very good copy.
[With (pasted to)]: KER, Robert, Auditor General of British Columbia (1824-1879). Abstract of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Colony of British Columbia, for the Year 1867 (approximate).
Audit Office, 21 April, 1868. Folio (ca. 32,5x18,5 cm), 1 p. Pale blue paper. Creases, two small holes on the upper margin not affecting the text, minor tears on top, otherwise a very good copy.
Early rare New Westminster imprint containing the speech of the Governor of the recently united colony of British Columbia and Vancouver Island which summarizes the work of the 4th Session of the Legislative Council of colony. Frederick Seymour lists all newly allowed ordinances and those still in work, reassures the Council that he will be “glad to co-operate with you in any means for the promotion of Immigration and the occupation of the Crown Lands”, informs that the establishment of the principal Custom House will take place soon et al.
At the end of the speech Seymour says – most likely, for the first time publicly: “I am about to communicate with the Secretary of State and the Governors of Canada and of the Hudson’s Bay Company, respecting the wish you have expressed to enter into a confederation with the Eastern Provinces of British North America”. Interesting broadside announcing the first time a Governor of the newly-amalgamated Colonies was officially communicating speculations about joining Canada.
The text of the speech was reproduced in: Journals of the Colonial Legislatures of the Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, 1851-1871/ Ed. By James E. Hendrickson. Vol. 5. Journals of the Legislative Council of British Columbia, 1867-1871. P. 103-104).


[Chromolithographed Bird’s-Eye View of the Inner Harbour of Victoria, Titled:] Victoria, the Capital of British Columbia.

[Portland]: West Shore Lith., [1889]. Chromolithograph panorama ca. 24,5x77 cm (9 ¾ x 30 ¼ in). Recently matted. With original fold marks but otherwise a very good bright panorama.
This large and attractive chromolithograph shows the inner harbour of Victoria taken from the lawn in front of the Birdcages – the first Legislature buildings of British Columbia. The wooden bridge crosses the original James Bay before it was filled in 1903-1904.


[Album with 25 Original Photographs of British Columbia, Compiled by the British Columbia Conclave of the Masonic Order of the Red Cross of Constantine, Titled:] Memories of British Columbia.

Ca. 1927. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x37 cm), 12 card leaves. 25 gelatin silver prints, all but two ca. 18x23 cm (7 ¼ x 9 in), two ca. 17,5x10,5 cm (7 x 4 ¼ in). All with custom printed captions on the mounts. First large photo with a paper label attached to the top (official letterhead of the Government House in Victoria, signed and dated by R. Randolph Bruce). Original maroon full sheep album with gilt lettered title on the front cover, moire endpapers and decorative edges. Gilt lettered red sheep label with presentation inscription on the first pastedown, paper exlibris of Rita Yvonne Butterfield ibidem. Boards slightly rubbed on extremities, but overall a near fine album.
This luxury keepsake album was specially produced as a present to “The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Cassillis, C.C.C. M… Ill… Grand Sovereign, Illustrious Order of the Red Cross of Constantine by Western Canada Conclave, No. XXV. Victoria, British Columbia, October 6th, 1927.” The Earl of Cassillis, who was the Grand First Principal of the order’s Supreme Chapter in Scotland, apparently visited Victoria to take part in the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the formation of the first Masonic chapter in British Columbia, which took place in October 1927. The album opens with portraits of Harry H. Watson, Reigning Sovereign of the Western Canada Conclave, and Edward E. Leason, Intendant General for British Columbia and Canadian Yukon. The photo of the Government House in Victoria has a paper label attached to the top, with the official letterhead of the Government House, signed and dated 8 October 1927 by Robert Randolph Bruce (1861-1942), Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia in 1926-31.
The photos show the Parliament Buildings in Victoria, Saanich Peninsula, Elk Falls on the Campbell River, Mount Baker from the Malahat Drive, Mount Arrowsmith, “Mr. R.P. Butchart’s Sunken Gardens,” Colwood Golf Links near Victoria, Esquimalt dry-docks, a car with B.C. Licence plate in the “Virgin Forest,” local farmlands with herds of ships and cows, strawberry field during the harvest time, a tulip bulb farm et al. BC industry is represented with a close portrait of loggers at work, photos of a logging railway, pulp and paper mill, salmon catch, and a view of “Large timbers for export” loaded on a railway car, the timbers are with chalk inscriptions “Let BC flourish by her timber” and “BC forever.” The album closes with a photo of a catch of trout captioned “Speckled Beauties abound in B.C. Waters.”


Comparative Statement of the Duties of Customs Levied on Certain Staple Articles in British Columbia, United Kingdom, United States of America, Canada, and Other Principal British Colonies.

New Westminster, B.C.: Government Printing Office, 17th March 1868. Four Elephant Folio broadsides ca. 43x68,5 cm. Folded twice, with visible fold marks, otherwise near fine documents.
Rare early large format BC imprints. A detailed comparative statement listing customs duties for over 200 items, from Ale to Yeast, arriving in British Columbia and seventeen other countries and colonies, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Prince Edward Island, several British colonies in the Caribbean (Bermuda, Jamaica, Bahamas) and Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, Queensland etc.), as well as New Zealand, Ceylon, and Natal. The statement was apparently prepared in order to find possible sources of income for the Colony struggling with the overwhelming debt inherited from the initial Colonies of British Columbia and Vancouver Island, as well as with the economic depression caused by the end of the gold rush. The other reason could be a necessity to work out the finances involved in the contemplated confederation with Canada.
See the note from the meeting of the 5th Session of the Legislative Council of BC, 21 April 1868: “Frederick Seymour. Message No. 6. The Governor lays before the Legislative Council a Return that he has caused to be prepared, showing the Duties of Customs levied on certain staple articles in British Columbia, Great Britain, the United States, Canada, and other principal British Colonies. The Return will be interesting to the Honorable Council. It is not, however, the Governor’s intention to introduce any measure for altering the Duties of Customs during the present Session” (Journals of the Colonial Legislatures of the Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, 1851-1871/ Ed. By James E. Hendrickson. Vol. 5. Journals of the Legislative Council of British Columbia, 1867-1871, p. 136).
It is interesting to compare custom duties for the import of books and manuscripts in all 17 listed regions: There was no duty on books in eleven of them, including British Columbia. Customs applied for reprints of British authors in Prince Edward Island, and foreign reprints in the Bahamas and Natal. The customs duties in the UK give an early example of regulations based on the age of books, with books printed prior 1801 being free of customs, and books printed later having a levy of – from 15 to 30 s. Per cwt. US customs applied to all books at “25 per cent generally.”


SPROAT, Gilbert Malcolm (1834-1913)
British Columbia. Information for emigrants. Issued by the Agent-General for the Province.

London: W. Clowes and Son, [1873]. Octavo. [1-] 96 pp. Plus 4 pp. Advertisements at end. Title wood-engraved vignette. Wood-engraved frontispiece view of the 'Harbour and Site of Victoria', a folding colour lithographed map, and three wood-engraved illustrations in text. Original yellow pictorial printed wrappers. Wrappers with some expertly repaired chips but overall in very good original condition.
Gilbert Malcolm Sproat arrived on Vancouver Island in 1860, where he helped to found the first sawmill in Port Alberni, British Columbia. On 24 July. 1863 he was made the justice of the peace for the Colony of Vancouver Island. Following British Columbia's entry into Canadian Confederation in 1871, Sproat became the new province's agent general in London, a position he held from 1872 until his return to the province in 1876. Sproat Lake and Sproat Lake Provincial Park on Vancouver Island were named in his honour. Lowther 411.


WELLS, Oliver
General Report on the Cowichan Valley.

Victoria: Col. Sec. Office, 22 March, 1860. Quarto (ca. 27,5x20 cm). 2 pp., printed in double columns. Paper age toned, with creases and minor tears and chips on extremities. Overall a good copy.
Very rare offprint of the survey of the area around Nanaimo executed in 1859 by Benjamin William Pearse (1832-1902) and Oliver Wells. The survey was executed on assignment of the Surveyor General of the Colony of Vancouver Island Joseph Despard Pemberton (1821-1893). Acknowledged as “containing matter of interest to the public, [it] is herewith published for general information by command of his Excellency, William A.G. Young, Acting Colonial Secretary”. The full report by Pearse and Wells was published in London later that year under the title “Vancouver’s Island. Survey of the Districts of Nanaimo and Cowichan Valley” (London, G. Eyre & W. Spottiswoode, 1859).
Wells gives an auspicious characteristic to the geographical location of the valley, its climate and soils, water sources and minerals; lists local woods, plants, fish and game; and predicts successful farming in the valley: “I am firmly persuaded that under a common, judicious system of farming, as good returns can be obtained from these lands as in any parts of the Continent of America. The climate, it may be noted, is one especially adapted to the pursuits of agriculture, not being subject to the heats and droughts of California, or to the colds of the other British American Provinces, and the Eastern United States”.
Nowadays the Cowichan Valley is the home of “a growing number of vineyards and wineries. They include Cherry Point Vineyards, Blue Grouse, Glenterra, Vigneti Zanatta, Venturi-Schulze Vineyards, and Averil Creek. Locals claim that the warm, dry summers and mild, moist winters are reminiscent of a cool Mediterranean climate, providing ideal growing conditions for many grape varieties” (Wikipedia).
Extremely rare and fragile, this locally-printed report presents a glowing picture of the settlement possibilities of this temperate, fertile valley. Printed copies of this report are almost unknown; most referred to are microfiche. Lowther 135.


[A Collection of Fifteen Early Albumen Photographs of California and Nevada].

Ca. 1872. 6 beige album leaves. Fifteen loosely inserted (on album leaves) albumen prints ca. 7,5x11,5 cm (3 x 4 ½ in) to 7,5x7,5 cm (3x3 in). Majority captioned in manuscript brown ink on album leaves. Overall very good strong images.
Four images document San Francisco in the early 1870s, just as it began to transform into a major city. Additionally, seven images document the newly created Yosemite Grant (1864).
The views in this collection include: Rounding Cape Horn, Cal. 2500 feet; Wells Fargo & Co, Express Office. Virginia City Nevada; Section of the Original Big Tree, Calveras County; Grand Hotel, Market Street & New Montgomery, San Francisco; Looking S., from corner of Powell and Pine Streets; The city from Russian Hill, Goat Island in the Distance; Seal Rock; Yosemite Valley; Inspiration Point, from the Mariposa Trail; El Capitan 3,300 feet; Bridal Veil Falls, total Height 900 feet; Yosemite Fall, 2,600 feet; Vernal Fall (400 feet) & Nevada Fall (600 feet) from Glacier Point.


[Original Photograph Panorama of San Francisco From Russian Hill Looking Towards the Bay in Four Parts].

Ca. 1890. A gelatin silver print in four joined parts in total ca. 14x73,5 cm (5 ½ x 29 in). Photograph mounted on linen and with some mild creases but overall a very good strong image.
This panorama shows San Francisco in the 1890s, which was by then a city of 300,000 people, and how it looked before its devastation by the 1906 earthquake.


BLACKWOOD, Frederick Hamilton Temple, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava (1826-1902).
[Autograph Letter Signed “Dufferin” to an Eton Teacher of his Son, “Lord Clandeboye,” Discussing His “Arithmetical Failures” and Confessing that “to this day <…> I have been unable to master the multiplication table, but I am particularly fond of mathematics…”].

1 October 1877. Small Octavo bifolium (ca. 20x12,5 cm). 4 pp. Black ink on watermarked laid paper with a printed letterhead of the “Government House, Ottawa.” Left upper corner of both leaves of the bifolium cut out, only slightly affecting the upper lines, but the text is completely understandable. Mild fold marks, but overall a very good letter.
Interesting letter written by Lord Dufferin while on service as the Third Governor-General of Canada, revealing some curious details of his personality. Addressing an Eton teacher of his son (either his eldest son Archibald Leofric Temple (1863-1900), or his second son Terence (1866-1918)), Dufferin writes: “I think he is very young of his age, which is some excuse for his thoughtlessness, and I trust in time his mind may sufficiently ripen to master at least the elements of mathematics. I am afraid I must consider myself responsible for his arithmetic failures, for to this day – only I should not wish the fact to be published in …[?] – I have been unable to master the multiplication table, but I am particularly fond of mathematics, and indeed the only prize I ever obtained at Eton was a mathematical one, so I trust that Clandeboye’s difficulty over his figures need not necessarily imply any weakness in the logical faculty. I have always consoled myself with the reflection that Newton himself could never do a compound addiction sum correctly.”
“Lord Dufferin brought an immense passion for Canadian unity to his duties and was equally at home in English and French. During his tenure, Prince Edward Island joined on federation (1873), and the Royal Military College and the Supreme Court were established. Lord and Lady Dufferin were the first to use La Citadelle in the city of Québec as a second vice-regal residence. Residents of that city long had a particular regard for Lord Dufferin after he persuaded municipal officials not to tear down the walls of the Old City to accommodate the provincial capital's expansion.
Lord Dufferin established the Governor General's Academic Medals to reward excellence by Canadian students in high schools, colleges and universities, and they are still awarded today. After serving in Canada, Lord Dufferin was appointed Viceroy of India (1884 to 1888), took up several high-profile ambassadorial posts, and died in Ireland in 1902” (Heraldic Symbols in the Senate Speaker’s Chambers/ Parliament of Canada online).
He also went on a journey to the North Atlantic in 1856 on the schooner Foam, visiting Iceland, northern Norway and Spitsbergen. His travel account “Letters from High Latitudes” (London, 1857) “was extremely successful and can be regarded as the prototype of the comic travelogue” (Wikipedia).


RYDER, Sir Alfred Phillips (1820-1888)
[Period Copy of Two Official Documents “Reporting circumstances attending Her Majesty’s Ship Hero touching the ground,” Submitted to Vice Admiral Alexander Milne, Commander-in-Chief].

HMS Hero, Halifax, 14 October 1862. Folio (ca. 32x21,5 cm). 10 pp. On six leaves, glued together. Brown ink on blue paper. Fold marks, minor tears on extremities, outer leaves soiled at edges, but overall a very good manuscript.
Detailed official report of the curcumstances of HMS Hero touching the ground while entering the Chebucto Bay (Halifax harbour) on a foggy day of 14 October 1862. The ship’s captain, Alfred Ryder gave a detailed report to his commander, Vice Admiral Alexander Milne (1806-1896) about the difficult weather and the ship’s course chosen for the passage into the Chebucto Bay. The account gives a good description of the navigational hazards found on the approach to the bay: “Your orders were that I should be with your Flag today. I was desirous of being punctual. For a steamer to remain outside a harbor in Nova Scotia, because the weather is foggy, would, as all navigators on these waters are well aware, result in their remaining at sea for days, and sometimes weeks, after the day ordered for their return, and as there are no good land marks, the runs by Patent log, confirmed by Sounding, must be vainly depended on, even in the occasional clearing of the fog. <…> The extent of the injury appears to be very slight. There are two slight weeps, discovered by careful search in the Fore magazine, and one further forward, but whether arising from the accident, or not we are not certain <…> In conclusion I beg to state that I have commanded four of H.M. Ships in the West Indies, the Baltic, the Mediterranean and Black Sea, and necessarily for many years, and that this is the first occasion on which any one of these has touched the shore…”
The report is supplemented with the “Statement in compliance with Printed Instructions, part 3, p. 160 regarding the circumstances attending H.M.S. Hero striking the ground off the Harbour of Halifax, Nova Scotia, at 3.5. p.m., Tuesday, the 14 Oct. 1862;” the original statement is signed by Ryder and the ship’s master J. Sullivan.
“Admiral of the Fleet Sir Alfred Phillips Ryder KCB joined the Royal Navy in 1833. He was the captain of the HMS Dauntless in 1853-1857, of HMS Hero since 1862; Comptroller of the Coastguard in 1863-1866, Second in Command of the Channel Squadron, Naval attaché in Paris; Commander-in-Chief of the China Station in 1874, Commander-in-Chief, in Portsmouth in 1879. He was decorated with the award of Knight, Order of the Medjidie and gained the rank of Admiral of the Fleet” (Wikipedia).


CHARLAND, Louis (1772-1813); CHABOILLER, Louis (1766-1813); RICHARDSON, John (1755?-1831).
[Manuscript Signed Document in French of Charland’s Request for Payment of his Salary at the District of Montreal and Signed by Him, and two Justices of Peace, Chaboiller and Richardson].

[Montreal, at the weekly session of the District de Montreal], 10-11 June 1800. Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm). 1 p., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on watermarked Hayes & Wise paper, docketed on verso of the second leaf. Fold marks, paper age toned, otherwise a very good letter.
Charland was an architect and cartographer and in 1799 became the first road surveyor of Montreal. This document records Charland’s request for and payment of his salary of 50 pounds until June 10th, 1800. The document is also signed by local justices of peace who later became prominent politicians of Lower Canada i.e., Louis Chaboiller (notary, member of the Lower Canadian House of Assembly in 1803-08) and John Richardson (merchant, member of the Legislative Assembly, Executive Councillor of Lower Canada).


TAILER, Gillam, Assistant Commissary at Passamaquoddy, New Brunswick
[Official Report Signed “Gillam Tailer” to Major General John Campbell, “Commanding His Majesty’s Troops in the Province of Nova Scotia,” Regarding Lack of Provisions for the Loyalist Troops and Residents in Passamaquoddy].

N.p., n.d. Ca. after May 1784. Folio (ca. 32x20 cm). 1 p. Brown ink on C. Taylor watermarked laid paper. Numbered in ink in different hand in the upper left corner. Fold marks, tears on extremities and along the folds, paper aged, worn, and with some soiling, but overall a very good letter written in legible hand.
Interesting report about the early years of St. Andrews, New Brunswick, compiled shortly after the end of the American Revolutionary War. The Assistant Commissary at Passamaquoddy Gillam Tailer informs Major John Campbell (ca. 1727-1974) of the lack of provisions and extreme distress experienced by the disbanded corps in the settlement, and implores Campbell to provide adequate food and relief to the people: “many of the settlers there are reduced to the most Extreme Distress having neither Provision or Clothing, and some of them have no other sustenance than Water, and have not strength to help themselves; <…> those Settleres have never Received any Meat, for the Sixty Days Extra allowance which was Graciously intended, and that 2600 weight of the Flour which was sent from St. John’s intended to be delivered to your memorialist, was issued at Bever [sic!] Harbour before it got to his hand, by which means the Settlers at St. Andrews and that District fell short that quantity of the Flour for the Sixty days. Your memorialist humbly prays you would take the Very Deplorable Case of these unhappy people into your Consideration and order such Relief as may be in your Power to Grant.”


CAINE, William Sproston (1842-1903)
[Original Ink Drawing of Cascade Mountain, the Canadian Rockies, used for the Illustration in W.S. Caine’s "A Trip Around the World in 1887-8", London: Routledge, 1888].

[1887-8]. Ink on paper, ca. 11,5x20,5 cm (4 ½ x 8 in). Captioned in ink on the lower margin. Mounted on a larger sheet of Japanese paper and recently matted. Minor mount residue and a few small chips of blank margins, not affecting the image, otherwise a very good bright drawing.
Original ink drawing captioned "Cascade Mountain. National Park. Rocky Mountains. Canada" and used as the illustration to p. 80 of Caine’s book.
W.S. Caine, a British politician and Temperance advocate, travelled around the world with his daughter Hannah in August 1887 - March 1886. He went across the Atlantic Ocean on a steam liner from Liverpool to Quebec, then crossed Canada overland through the Rocky Mountains and British Columbia, went on a steamer from Vancouver to San Francisco and continued his trip to Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ceylon and India. Caine’s numerous sketches and photographs taken during the journey were used as illustrations to his book, some in the original state, and some being reworked “by my old friend, Mr. John Pedder, of Maidenhead, who has evolved the greater portion of the illustrations, with accuracy and artistic skill” (Caine. A Trip around the World, p. X).
Four other ink drawings used as illustrations for the book and depicting the scenery of British Columbia are now in the B.C. Archives.


PEACOCK, [Alfred?]
[Historically Important Album with Fourteen Original Watercolours of South Eastern British Columbia Including the Canadian Pacific Railway Titled on the Spine:] B.C. & C.P.R. Album.

1886. Oblong Folio (ca. 29x40 cm). Fourteen album leaves with fourteen mounted watercolours ca. 20,5x31 cm (8 x 12 ½ in.) and slightly smaller, all titled and two dated. Recent period style blue half morocco album with cloth boards, spine with raised bands and gilt lettered title. A very good album with beautiful watercolours.
Attractive album with fourteen watercolours of south-eastern British Columbia including the Canadian Pacific Railway including:
1) Moberly Peak. - 1st Columbia Crossing. - Kicking Horse Pass; 2) Moberly Peak. - Mouth of Kicking Horse Pass. - Rocky Mountains. -Valley of Columbia, Selkirks. Columbia R.; 3) Graves alongside the dump. C.P.R.; 4) C.P.R. Snow Sheds in the Mountains.; 5) Kicking Horse Pass. Canadian Pacific Railway; 6) Packing over the Mountains; 7) Selkirks from high ground near "1st crossing of Columbia R.;" 8) Bit of the Rockies near mouth of Blackberry R. - Columbia R. In foreground; 9) Going down the Columbia - Oct. 1886; 10) On the Columbia R.; 11) Law’s Ranche - Head of Columbia River Oct. 1886; 12) Engineers Office - Gaol - Court House - Stoess[Stores?]; 13) Landing at Golden City - Columbia River; 14) Kicking Horse River - Selkirk Range - Golden City (Pig - Queens Hotel - R. Lang's Store - Pat's House).
Peacock was no doubt one of the transcontinental passengers who travelled and documented the C.P.R. In 1886, the first year of its operation. "The last spike in the CPR was driven on 7 November 1885, by one of its directors, Donald Smith, but so many cost-cutting shortcuts were taken in constructing the railway that regular transcontinental service could not start for another seven months while work was done to improve the railway's condition (part of this was due to snow in the mountains and lack of snow sheds to keep the line open).., The first transcontinental passenger train departed from Montreal's Dalhousie Station, located at Berri Street and Notre Dame Street at 8 pm on 28 June 1886, and arrived at Port Moody at noon on 4 July 1886" (Wikipedia).


37. [CHILE]
[Original Watercolour Showing the Harbour of Coquimbo, Chile].

January 1851. Watercolour and pencil on paper, ca. 13x17,5 cm (5 ¼ x 7 in). Captioned and signed in pencil in the left lower corner. Mounted on paper within a hand drawn watercolour border. Recently matted, very good watercolour.
Early important view of the Chilean city of Coquimbo, which developed from a fishing village into an important international port in the 1840-es, but was officially designated as a town only in 1867. The view was made at the time of the crucial initial stage of Coquimbo’s development and gives a wide panorama of the harbour with several large sailing vessels, and the core of the growing settlement, then just a small fishing village, with several houses and a church in the distance.
“Coquimbo is a port city, commune and capital of the Elqui Province, located on the Pan-American Highway, in the Coquimbo Region of Chile. The natural harbor in Coquimbo was taken over by Pedro de Valdivia from Spain in 1550. The gold and copper industry in the region led to the city's importance as a port around 1840 and many Europeans especially from England settled in Coquimbo. In 1867 it was recognized as a town” (Wikipedia).


ARMSTRONG, Thomas Henry, Captain (d. At Sea Oct. 1852)
[Extensive Archive of Over Eighty Items Relating to the Three-Year Maiden Circumnavigation Voyage of the Nova Scotia Bark "Avondale"].

1849-52. The items in this archive are overall in very good condition.
A remarkable and extensive archive of bills of lading, purchase receipts, shipping documents, pay ledgers, harbor masters’ certificates and other official documents which chronicle the voyage of Captain Thomas Henry Armstrong as he circumnavigated the globe between 1849 and 1852 in his merchant bark the “Avondale”. ” The three year voyage took Armstrong from Nova Scotia to Liverpool, Melbourne, Sydney, San Francisco, Honolulu, Valparaiso, Montevideo, New Orleans and back to Nova Scotia. Tragically, Captain Armstrong died at sea in October 1852 during the final leg of the voyage from New Orleans to Nova Scotia. His wife Melinda’s mourning brooch with a tintype of Captain Armstrong is included in this archive as well as a daguerreotype of him. Melinda is part of the Mounce family, a family of notable Avondale ship builders. The collection also includes: A receipt from Oct. 1849 for duty paid in Windsor, Nova Scotia on the newly built bark "Avondale;" Mariners tickets including persons with distinguishing features such as "Crooked Nose" and "Growing Boy;" Many purchase receipts; A ink sketch of most likely the "Avondale;" Fifteen items (July & August 1850) from Australia (Melbourne and Sydney) mainly receipts (including one for charts of the Northern Pacific) and a printed leaf "Code of Signals, in Use at Melbourne;" Ten items (Nov. 1850 - March 1851) from the first call in San Francisco, mainly receipts including one from the "Alta California Newspaper" for an ad that the "Avondale" was sailing for Panama; Six items relating to the "Avondale's" first call in Montevideo Aug. 1851; Four items relating to the "Avondale's" stay in Honolulu in Nov. 1851 including a printed pictorial letterhead certificate of clearance; Five items from the second call in San Francisco Dec. 1851 & Jan. 1852; Sixteen items relating to the "Avondale's" stay in Valparaiso April 1852; Three items relating to the "Avondale's" second call in Montevideo May & June 1852; a letter from Armstrong's bother dated 10th of October, 1852, answering his brother's letter from the 15th of Sept. 1852 and addressed to New Orleans. A rare collection of ephemera documenting in detail a mid-19th century trading circumnavigation.


HOOK, W[illliam] E[dward] (1833-1908) & HIESTAND, J[oseph] G[onder] (1860-1916)
[A Collection of Twenty-Two Original Cabinet Photographs of the Manitou and Pike's Peak Railway].

Colorado Springs, ca. 1895. Twenty-two albumen cabinet photographs mounted on original heavy card stock, each ca. 19x11 cm (7 ½ x 4 ½ in), fourteen stamped W.E. Hook on verso, four J.G. Hiestand, two U.S. Signal Station and two unmarked. Some very mild fading of some images, but overall a very good collection of sharp images.
"The Manitou and Pike's Peak Railway is a cog railway, "climbing the well-known mountain Pikes Peak. The base station is in Manitou Springs, Colorado near Colorado Springs.
The railway is the highest in North America by a considerable margin. It was built and is operated solely for the tourist trade. The railway was started by Zalmon G. Simmons, inventor and founder of the Simmons Beauty Rest Mattress Company. The company was founded in 1889 and limited service to the Halfway House Hotel was started in 1890. The summit was reached the following year" (Wikipedia).
The views in this collection document the early years of operation of the railway and include: Minnie-ha-ha Falls, Pike's Peak Trail; Green Mountain Falls; The Three Lower Falls, Cheyenne Canon; Royal Gorge; Mother Grundy, Garden of the Gods; Pike's Peak Railroad, Gravel Slide; Devil's Punch Bowl, Glen Eyrie; Seven Falls, Cheyenne Canon; Silver Cascades, North Cheyenne Canon; Pike's Peak from Mt. Eleanor; Gateway, Garden of the Gods; Manitou Springs, Colorado; Summit of Pike's Peak, Rose Emma Falls; The Loop C.C.R.R., Georgetown Colorado; The Peak from Pilot Knob; Above Timber Line; Looking Down from Timber-Line etc.
In April 1885, Hook established a photography studio in Manitou Springs, Colorado.., Over the years, Hook specialized in marketing landscape views of Colorado to tourists.., [Hook] also operated a boarding house for tourists until 1890, when the construction and operations associated with the Manitou and Pike’s Peak Railway – a steep grade railway from Manitou Springs to the summit of Pikes Peak – prompted the family to relocate to Colorado Springs" (
Hiestand "was well known for his photography of the Pikes Peak area, [and] was the official photographer for the Manitou and Pikes Peak Railway" (


WAGNER, Sigmund
Siebenzehntes Neujahrstueck, herausgegeben von der Künstler-Gesellschaft in Zurich auf das Jahr 1821. Enthaltend das Leben des Malers Johann Weber von Bern. [The Life of the Painter John Webber from Bern].

Zuerich: Kuenstler-Gesellschaft, 1821. First Edition. Quarto. 13 pp. Original handcoloured sepia aquatint frontispiece by F. Hegi after Webber printed and a copper engraved portrait illustration of Webber by K. Meyer as head-piece. Original publisher's brown printed wrappers. A fine copy.
Rare original handcoloured frontispiece variant of this very rare work. "First edition of the rare, only known original source of biographical information for Webber. Wagner derived his information from the oral account and retained letters of Webber's brother. The only copy to appear at auction in recent decades"(Bonhams). "A biographical account of John Webber, having several long footnotes and text references to his voyage with Cook and his visit at the sandwich Islands" (Forbes 533).
This work is of significant value for the history of British Columbia as it includes a long note by Webber of how he made his sketches of the native dwellings of Nootka Sound (See: A View of the Habitations in Nootka Sound (plate 41) & The Inside of a House in Nootka Sound (plate 42) Cook: A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, London 1784). Webber gives some detail of how when he tried to sketch the interior of one of the dwellings, he was obstructed in doing so by one of the inhabitants. The native would only move out of the way once he had received the bribe of one of Webber's brass jacket buttons. However, to Webber's annoyance the native soon returned to obstruct Webber's view again to get another button and this continued until Webber's jacket was without buttons and so only then could Webber finally finish his sketch. Webber sketches are the first views by a European artist to show British Columbia.


PEDDER, John (1850-1929) & CAINE, William Sproston (1842-1903)
[Original Ink Drawing of the Kicking Horse Pass, the Canadian Rockies, used for the Illustration in W.S. Caine’s "A Trip Around the World in 1887-8", London: Routledge, 1888].

[1887-8]. Ink on paper, ca. 15,5x26,5 cm (6 x 10 ½ in). Signed “JP” in the left lower corner. Recently matted. A very good bright drawing.
This original ink drawing used for the illustration "Kicking Horse Pass" (p. 95). “This pass received its ridiculous name from an incident connected with come obstreperous horse ridden by one of the surveyors of the line, which will stick to it for ever. A magnificent view meets the gaze. A huge valley, filled from side to side with magnificent pines and cedars, their dark green intensified by the red-brown of huge areas burnt up by forest fires, in which the enormous trunks stand up like black masts 200 feet high, and 10 or 12 feet thick, is flanked by peak and pinnacle, the Kicking Horse River meandering through the bottom like a silver ribbon. The train, with two powerful engines reversed, and every brake screwed to its tightest, slides down a gradient of 1,250 feet in less that 10 miles” (p. 94).
W.S. Caine, a British politician and Temperance advocate, travelled around the world with his daughter Hannah in August 1887 - March 1886. He went across the Atlantic Ocean on a steam liner from Liverpool to Quebec, then crossed Canada overland through the Rocky Mountains and British Columbia, went on a steamer from Vancouver to San Francisco and continued his trip to Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ceylon and India. Caine’s numerous sketches and photographs taken during the journey were used as illustrations to his book, some in the original state, and some being reworked “by my old friend, Mr. John Pedder, of Maidenhead, who has evolved the greater portion of the illustrations, with accuracy and artistic skill” (Caine. A Trip around the World, p. X).
John Pedder was an English watercolour artist, a member of the Liverpool Academy and a Secretary of the Liverpool Society of Painters in Watercolours. He actively exhibited at the Royal Academy and the Royal Society of British Artists.
Four other ink drawings used as illustrations for the book and depicting the scenery of British Columbia are now in the B.C. Archives.


[Collection of Twenty-four Original Photo Cabinet Card Views of Tahiti (with Nuku Hiva), one Image Showing Paul Gauguin's Subject for his "Portrait of a Young Woman, Vaite (Jeanne) Goupil (1896)"].

Ca. 1895. Twenty-four gelatin silver prints each ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5x7 in) mounted on cards labeled on verso “Kodak Camera. Eastman Kodak Co…”, eleven with captions in manuscript black ink on verso. Overall a very good collection of strong images.
This collection was compiled by a member of an American group touring Tahiti ca. 1895, who had sailed from San Francisco to Tahiti aboard the "Galilee," a 328 ton brigantine that serviced the packet run between San Francisco and Papeete. The photographer took pictures of the ship, his group, scenic landscapes; exteriors and interiors of buildings, Tahitians in native and missionary garb and Tahitian royalty.
The sharp images include the following ones with captions: Lawyer Goupil's Residence. Finest on the Island; [Tahitian] Princess Teri, Terai, Chicky; Our Residence in Tahiti; Our dinner; A country residence; Interior #1 my bed; Tautira Village; Our residence when visiting Tautira, another view of interior; Queen's House, Island Nuku Hiva; Taiohai Bay; On coral reef; Brigantine "Galilee" on which we took passage, Tahiti to San Francisco, 31 Days. The uncaptioned images show Tahitians, local dwellings, group picnics, landscapes and views of the "Galilee."
The photo captioned “Lawyer Goupil’s Residence. Finest on the Island," shows almost certainly Auguste Goupil, his wife and daughter (Jeanne Vaite Goupil) in front of their residence. In 1896, lawyer Auguste Goupil hired Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) to paint a portrait of his daughter. The result was the famous “Portrait of a Young Woman, Vaite (Jeanne) Goupil.” Thus, this is a photograph of Gauguin’s subject, taken perhaps a year before he painted her.
Auguste Goupil (1847-1921) was a "French settler who arrived in Tahiti in 1869 and married the daughter of a wealthy English settler named Gibson. He opened a law firm and soon became an excellent professional. It represented, among others, the trading company of Oceania. He was the legal advisor of the "French Phosphate Company Oceania and purchased land to Makatea on behalf of this company. His political activities helped make him the most important French settler in Tahiti in the early twentieth century. He was living in Punaauia in a beautiful property where he received Gauguin during some months of the year 1896. The artist made a portrait of his daughter, Jeanne Vaite, [and] taught painting to Goupil children.., [Goupil] was one of the few French who actually made his fortune in the colony in the nineteenth century"(
"The Galilee was a brigantine, built in 1891, designed by Matthew Turner. She started on the packet line between San Francisco and Tahiti and was reckoned a very fast ship"(Wikipedia).


[A Collection of Nineteen Original Photographs of Honolulu, Hawaii Complied on a stop There in March 1899 by an American Tourist Travelling on the H.M.S. Alameda].

Ca. 1899. Eight leaves. Three albumin photos ca. 20x13 cm (8x5 in.) or slightly smaller) and sixteen gelatin silver photos ca. 20x13 cm (8x5 in) to ca. 10,5x12,5 cm (4x5 in). Photographs mounted on grey card stock leaves and captioned in manuscript black ink on mounts. Overall the photographs are sharp images with good tonal range, one photo with a minor corner chip and one slightly faded but overall a very good collection.
The strong images in the collection include: Hawaiian-Beauty; Hoola Dancers, Honolulu; Native Beauty, Hawaii; In Honolulu Harbour; Coral Islands, Near Honolulu; Native Church, Built by Natives, Honolulu; Fort Street, Honolulu; Palace of Justice, Honolulu; View of Honolulu; Old Turtle, Public Gardens, Honolulu; Public Gardens, Honolulu; Diamond Head, Extinct Volcano, Honolulu; Surf Bathing, Honolulu; Mixed Bathing, Honolulu; Schoolgirls, Princess Kaiulani's funeral [March 12, 1899]; Hawaiian State Corps, Princess Kaiulani's funeral [March 12, 1899]; Banyan Tree; Seat of Government, Honolulu ([Theodore P. ] Severin (1862-98) Phot.); Hawaiian Hotel, Honolulu (Severin Phot.); [With] Hotel del Monte, Monterey, Sth. California (on verso of final Hawaiian photo).
The most historically interesting images in this collection are the two that document the funeral of Princess Kaiulani's funeral [March 12, 1899]. "Victoria Kawēkiu Kaʻiulani Lunalilo Kalaninuiahilapalapa Cleghorn (1875-1899) was heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaii and held the title of Crown Princess. Kaʻiulani became known throughout the world for her intelligence, beauty and determination. After the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893, she visited the United States to help restore the Kingdom. Although reluctant to participate in politics, she made many speeches and public appearances denouncing the overthrow of her government and the injustice toward her people.., She died on March 6, 1899 at the age of 23 of inflammatory rheumatism" (Wikipedia).


MUDGE, Alfred A.
[Journal of a Near Circumnavigation from San Francisco Round the World, via Hawaii, the Maluku Islands, Straits of Sunda, Calcutta and Cape of Good Hope Titled:] Journal Kept on Board Ship Huron, from San Francisco to Calcutta (and Calcutta to Boston), by Alfred Mudge. Thomas Cunningham, Master.

At Sea, May 18, 1853 - March 4, 1854. Folio (32 x 21cm). Ca. 400 pages (93 filled in). Lined journal of ca. 400 pages of which 93 have been filled in manuscript in dark brown ink in a very legible hand. Period brown diced half sheep with marbled boards. Extremities rubbed, but overall a very good journal.
Mudge kept a detailed journal of the position, weather, sail handling, events on board, land sighted and ships – including American whalemen – spoken. The Huron left San Francisco on the 18th of May and then arrived in Honolulu after a passage of three weeks, and the crew was surprised to be held in quarantine until they could be inspected for small pox. The captain took umbrage and “we steered off SW by W.” Six weeks later they reached the Maluku Islands in the Halmahera Sea and then steered south towards the Banda and Java Seas. Then seventy-seven days out they spoke a Dutch brig. The captain wished communication and signaled her. However, “our signal halyard parted and the ensign came down. The Dutchman, not knowing what to make of it, braced up his after yard and steered off.” He gives an excellent account, a few days later, of being swarmed by Malaysian trading craft in Sunda Strait: "manned with about a dozen half naked Malays, such hooting when they handle their oars, they have everything to sell and will ask you a good if you see fit to give. The Captain bought about 30 doz. Fowls with yam sweet potatoes, banas (sic) &c also Monkey and mongoes (sic)."And, on August 11, their 85th day out, “One incident I have neglected to mention… we came very near to losing the Captain’s Monkey…” which event he then narrates. They reached Calcutta September 1st, and Mudge writes a ten page port log, as they repaired the ship, discharged ballast, and took on a cargo of gunny bags, linseed, cow hide, jute, hemp, goat skins, and shellac. Then they took on 3700 gallons of water, and “Pigs, Fowl, Duck, Geese, Potatoes, Onions, &c.” They were in Calcutta for seven weeks and then got underweigh for Boston October 20th 1853. They rounded the Cape of Good Hope and then the journal ends March 4, 1854 – 130 days out, most likely the day before they reached Boston judging by the Huron's position.


[Album of over 550 Original Photographs Compiled by a North American Traveller, Including Over 260 Images from the 1924 Around the World Cruise on RMS “Laconia” Showing Hawaii, Japan, Korea, China, the Philippines, Java, Singapore, Burma, India, Ceylon, Suez Canal, Egypt, Greece, Palestine and Italy; and Over 290 Images from the 1926 Travel Across Europe Showing France, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Belgium and Great Britain].

1924-1926. Oblong Folio (ca. 28,5x40 cm). 52 stiff card leaves. Over 550 gelatin silver prints. Photos from the voyage round the world mostly ca. 7,5x13,5 cm (3 x 5 ¼ in), with a few smaller ones; photos from the travel to Europe are either ca. 5,5x8 cm (2x3 in) or ca. 7x12 cm (2 ¾ x 4 ¾ in). Period manuscript title on the first leaf, most images with period manuscript captions, some very informative. Period cloth album by the “Badger Line. Loose Leaf Devices” (paper label on the rear endpaper). Covers mildly rubbed, worn ad faded at extremities, several images detached with one missing (Waterloo field), first two leaves loose, a few images faded, two photos on the third leaf with water stains, but overall a very good album with strong interesting images.
Interesting collection of lively original photos compiled by a North American traveller, during one of the earliest steamship cruises around the world - on board the Cunard Line’s RMS “Laconia” (it was “Laconia” which executed the first around the world cruise in 1923). The photos are accompanied by extensive manuscript notes, and are preceded with a handwritten title on the first leaf: “W.W. Foster. Our 1924 trip around the world, showing only the pictures photographed with the large camera. Also (last half) Camera views of our 1926 tour through Europe.” The creator of the album can possibly be attributed to Major-General William Wasbrough Foster DSO CMG VD (1875-1954), British Columbia noted military officer and public servant, director of the timber exporting company “Evans, Coleman & Evans”, chief constable of Vancouver City Police (since 1935), president of the Royal Canadian Legion (1938-40), Honorary Aide-de-Camp to three Governor-Generals of Canada, head of BC Hydro-Electric Power Commission (1945-54), president of the Alpine Club of Canada (1920-24), and of the Canadian National Parks Association, et al. Two of the photos at the end of the album depict a middle-aged man with his wife in Cairo beside the pyramids. There is a resemblance between W. W. Foster and the depicted man.
The photos from the 1924 voyage around the world include some interesting images of Hawaii (panoramas and street views of Honolulu); over forty photos of Japan (bird’s-eye views of Yokohama, scenes in Yokohama harbour, interesting views of destruction after the earthquake of September 1923 taken from the Bluff; Mt. Fuji; temples of Kyoto; native children), views of Korea (Seoul Marble Pagoda, scenes on a railway station “on the way to Peking”); over fifty views of China (street scenes and types in Peking; the Forbidden city; port and streets of Shanghai, junks and locals at Hong Kong, Repulse Bay Hotel; views taken during their 90-mile trip up the Pearl River, busy harbour and streets of Canton); Philippines (harbour and streets of Manila, buffalo driven carriages); Java (Batavia, Buitenzorg); Singapore (botanical garden); Burma (port and streets of Rangoon); India (Calcutta, Hooghly River, Bombay, Elephanta Caves); Ceylon (landing and an English estate in Colombo; the lake and Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic in Kandy); Suez Canal; Egypt (Nile Bridge, street views of Cairo, the pyramids); Greece (Athens and the Acropolis); Palestine (Haifa, “Camel burden bearers,” Acre, Sea of Galilee, streets of Tiberias), and Italy (Naples).
The second voyage made in summer 1926 around Europe resulted in the views of France (Fontainebleau Palace); over 120 photos of Italy (Naples, Pompeii, Amalfi Drive, Capri, Rome, Pisa, Florence, Venice, Milan, Monte Carlo, Genoa, Italian Lakes); twenty views of Switzerland (Geneva and Lucerne); over fifty views of Germany (Munich, Dresden, Berlin, Potsdam, Frankfurt, the Rhine Castles); the Netherlands (Amsterdam, Marken, Hague, Volendam); Belgium (Antwerp, Brussels, Waterloo); over twenty views of England (London, Stratforn-on-Avon, Windsor castle); and over thirty views of Scotland (Edinburgh, Abbotsford); the album closes with a photo of the coast of Labrador taken on the way back in August 1926.
Overall a picturesque representation of Asian and European life in the in the 1920s, capturing the bustle of the streets and harbours of major cities, together with vivid portraits of some of the locals.


DOBELL, Peter (1772-1852)
Travels in Kamtchatka and Siberia. With a Narrative of a Residence in China.

London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1830. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. ix, 351, (12 ads); x, 341, [2 ads] pp. With two hand coloured aquatint frontispieces. Original period beige and blue papered boards, with printed and manuscript spine labels. Hinges cracked and front endpapers of volume two soiled, frontispiece of volume two laid down on old paper and with some minor damage affecting image but overall a very good set in very original condition.
"Dobell arrived in Kamchatka by sea in 1812, in the service of the Russian government. This journal records his personal observations of the manners, customs, population, religion, and resources during his fifteen years of traveling in China and Siberia. Much of this time, approximately seven years, he operated as a trader based in China; the second half of volume two describes his experiences and residence there (which had begun in 1798). Dobell indicates that his observations concentrate on the wonderful works of nature" in order that the reader may learn "how rich and interesting a region is Siberia, heretofore only represented to the imagination in the most gloomy and unattractive colors." The two excellent frontispieces illustrate this Siberian life" (Hill 484); Dobell was "an Irish trader and adventurer, [who] had formerly been a merchant at Canton. In return for negotiating the safety of Krusenstern's ship, which in 1804 was on the point of being seized by the Chinese at Canton, Tsar Alexander rewarded Dobell with the position of Russian consul-general to the Pacific Ocean. The appointment forced him to quit Canton and forfeit his business. From his base at Manila in the Philippines, Dobell travelled widely in the Pacific, visiting the Sandwich Islands and the ports of Siberia (1812)" (Howgego 1800-1850, C39).
"British counselor at Alexander's court journeys from Kamchatka to the Ural Mountains, August-November, 1812. He provides a mass of detail about Siberia, its peoples, its resources, and the road that serves as the connection between the east and west limits of the Empire"(Nerhood 155); Peter Dobell was an intrepid adventurer and lived a truly exciting life. Born in Ireland and educated in Philadelphia, he travelled for 30 years, especially in South-East Asia and China where he went three times and lived for seven years. While in Canton Dobell met the Russian explorer Ivan Krusenstern who was on his famous circumnavigation. Dobell’s was able to help the Russian expedition for which Emperor Alexander I sent him a diamond ring. This was probably one of the reasons why Dobell ultimately became a Russian citizen. Prompted by the idea of organising the regular supply of provisions to Kamchatka, in 1812 he sent two ships there from Manila on his own cost. Dobell also visited Kamchatka and then travelled to Saint Petersburg through Siberia. It was the diary of that travel which was first published in Saint Petersburg magazine "Syn Otechestva" in 1815-1816 and later in London (1830).
In 1818 Alexander I approved Dobell’s plan and appointed him Consul General of Russia's first mission in Manila. However the Spanish government refused to accept Dobell, but promised to support him as a private person. The adventurer returned to Kamchatka and obtained the title of the 2nd Guild merchant. He tried to start trade between Kamchatka and Manila several times but always unsuccessfully which resulted in great financial losses. His main competition was the Russian-American company which lobbied its interests in the Pacific and didn’t allow foreign traders to come to the ports of the Eastern Siberia. Moreover, Dobell’s property in Manila was destroyed during the riots, and he, almost ruined, returned to Saint Petersburg in 1828. In spite of everything, he didn’t lose his courage and continued the life of traveller and thrill seeker (Russian Biographical Dictionary on-line); Cordier Sinica 2109.


BARBIE DU BOCAGE, Jean Guillaume (1795-1848)
[A set of Three Jigsaw Maps Including: France Divisee en 89 Departments; Carte de L'Europe; MappeMonde].

Paris, ca. 1845. Each jigsaw puzzle map (29x37,5 cm) with dissected pieces mounted on paper backed wood and each map with its own tray. With two extra maps: Europe Politique & Mappe-Monde from Geographie des Ecoles. Maps housed in a decoratively embossed "Atlas" original box. Overall the jigsaw maps and box are in very good condition.
This jigsaw puzzle game comprises of double-hemisphere World, Europe, and France maps. The engraved maps are with original hand-colouring and show the borders of Europe post Congress of Vienna. Tooley Mapmakers A-D p.82.


48. [MEXICO]
TEN EYCK, Samuel
[Important Autograph Letter Signed from Samuel Ten Eyck to O.B. Throop, giving a Description of Guaymas, Mexico, his Impressions of Mexicans, and Briefly Relating his Experiences During the Fraser River Gold Rush].

Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico: April 27th, 1859. On a folded double quarto leaf. [4] pp. Brown ink on bluish paper. Blind stamp of a papermaker (Rolland Freres, Bordeaux) in the upper left corner. Housed in a later custom made blue quarter morocco clam shell box with gilt lettered spine. Old fold marks, otherwise a near fine letter.
In this letter Samuel Ten Eyck writes to his friend, Origin B. Throop, back home in Schoharie, New York, offering a description of the Mexican port city of Guaymas, Sonora, giving his assessment of Mexican attitudes toward Americans, and describing his experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
Samuel Ten Eyck came from a prominent family in New York's Schoharie County. He left Schoharie in the early 1850s, went to California in search of gold, took part in the Fraser River Gold Rush in British Columbia of 1858-1859, and then arrived in Guaymas, Mexico in the spring of 1859. He apparently went to Sonora in anticipation of that state and the surrounding Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sinaloa being annexed to the United States. The Gadsen Purchase Treaty, ratified in 1854, brought a part of northern Sonora into the United States, and there appears to have been some agitation for the United States to take more territory in the region. Such a thing did not occur, and it is unknown for how long Ten Eyck stayed in Guaymas waiting for it to happen, or where his travels took him next.
The letter begins by Ten Eyck asking Throop to make discreet inquiries to some of his friends as to why they have not corresponded with him. "I suppose you will be astonished to learn I am in this God-forsaken country. I must confess, I am astonished to find myself here, but here I am and what is still more pleasant, have a mighty fine prospect of, as it is termed in California, making my pile. I have been here but a month. On my arrival I found the country all excitement, and a revolution going on in the three states, 'Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa,' they being, I think, the tail end of creation, but they are full of silver mines and in saying that I say all that can be said in their favour. The Mexicans are the most hostile people in the world and think no more of killing an American than of taking a drink and as this is the scene of Walker's exploits and also where the unfortunate H.A. Crabb & followers were massacred, I am obliged to keep a pretty sharp look out. The women, however, are very kind & affectionate, and in case of difficulty invariably give you a warning and find a place of concealment for you. At least I have found it so on two occasions. <..,>
Guaymas, the seaport of Sonora & an old city, contains perhaps eight thousand inhabitants and being an earthquake country the houses are but one story high and mostly built of adoby [sic], which is the building material of mostly all houses in Mexico and on entering one is reminded more of a large brickyard than of a large city. <..,> I would not have come here but that the three states above named will without doubt be annexed to the U.S. - if so your humble servant is all right. I have had five years experience in California and any chance that may offer here I am on hand, in fact the pioneer."
Ten Eyck also briefly describes his experiences in British Columbia during the recent Fraser River Gold Rush: "It is as hot as blazes [in Guaymas]. I feel it more perhaps than others just having come from a northern country, as the year past I have been at Vancouver's Island & British Columbia. You of course heard of the Fraser River excitement. I was almost the first of the many thousands that rushed to that cold country. It did not prove as profitable as was anticipated, still it paid me very well, as I was able after nine months hard work to leave with a five hundred more than I took with me."
In the end Ten Eyck gives his assessment of the qualities of the women he has encountered in Guaymas, "beautiful, full of life and spirit", "very positive to us Americans" etc. A very interesting important letter, with provocative views on Mexico and a bit of information on one American's experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
O.B. Throop was the owner of the only drug store in the county which still exists today as the Schoharie pharmacy, and a Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Albany and Schoharie plank road (1862).


[Album of Sixteen Watercolours and one Brown Crayon Drawing of New Caledonia Titled on Spine:] Nouvelle Calédonie - Aquarelles. [With] No. 8 of La Petite Lune [1878-9] - Dessins de Gill - Le Mot du Canaque laid in].

Ca. 1878. The sixteen captioned (in French) watercolours each ca. 20x14,5 cm (8 x 5 ½ in) on album leaves (one mounted), with a slightly larger brown crayon drawing tipped in. Recent marbled papered boards with red gilt titled spine label. A couple of watercolours strengthened at lower blank margin and a couple with minor edge wear, but overall in very good condition. La Petite Lune with some minor wear on edges but overall very good.
This interesting and unusual watercolour album was made by an anonymous French settler or visitor to New Caledonia which was at the time a French penal colony. These paintings were most likely made during the period of native revolt, "a violent reaction [to French colonization] in 1878 as High Chief Atal of La Foa managed to unite many of the central tribes and launched a guerrilla war which cost 200 Frenchmen and 1,000 Kanaks their lives"(Wikipedia); The subjects of these attractive watercolours are: Ouenia waterfall; In the lagoon rocks at Hienghène; A native coastal settlement (crayon drawing); Calciferous Islet; Ouamini? River valley; View of Ponérihouen from the river; In the reefs; View of Kuto, Ile des Pins; Forest fire; Tontouta waterfall; Habitation of a rancher; Mouth of La Foa River; A boat and a ship sailing in the Huon Islands; Ship Notre Dame in the Bay of Hienghène; View of a farm, Yaooe?; Coulee in the rocks by Hienghène; Grotte de Hortense, Ile des Pins.


WALTON, Frederic E.
[Album with 21 Signed "F.E.W." Original Watercolours Titled:] Sketches in the United States of America and Canada.

Ca. 1892. Quarto (27x24 cm). With 21 monochrome mounted watercolours ca. 12,5x24,5cm (5 x 9 ½ in). Period dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with brown cloth sides album produced by J. L Fairbanks & Co. Boston. Some minor age-toning of mount leaves but overall a very good album.
This album contains attractive watercolours of a tour through Ontario, New York State and Vermont and includes views of: "The American Fall - July 1892;" "Horseshoe Fall;" "American Fall:" "The Thousand Islands;" "The Sentinel;" "Lotus Island;" "Lake of the Thousand Islands;" a lake scene; a river steamer; "Saranac Inn;" "Little Fish Creek;" "Bowditch Camp. Keene Valley;" "Putnam Camp;" " The Brook. Keene Valley;" "Camp. Ausable Lake;" "Ausable Lake;" "Lake Champlain;" "Lake Champlain(2);" "Adirondack Deer;" ocean view; residence on a lake.


[Collection of Three Original Signed Watercolours Showing a Female Soemmering’s Copper Pheasant, an Australian Lorikeet, and a Leadbeater’s or Pink Cockatoo].

24 December 1860. Three watercolour and pencil drawings on laid paper ca. 19x11 cm (7 ¼ x 4 ½ in), mounted on period album leaves within ink drawn frames. Each titled in Latin, dated and signed “Dr. Sg. Ad viv. [or ad nat.] pinx.” on the mounts. Collection in very good condition.
Fine example of the mid 19th century ornithological drawings, representing three exotic species of birds: Australian Lorikeet and Leadbeater’s or Pink Cockatoo (both native to Australia), and Soemmering’s Copper Pheasant, endemic to Japan. These drawings executed from nature by a European ornithologist, showcase the popularity of the study of exotic ornithology at the time as in the 19th century many scientific expeditions to tropical regions brought home new species of birds.


[Album of Thirty-one Original Photographs Showing a trip by a Group of Chicago Businessmen Touring Panama at the time of the Construction of the Panama Canal and also Puerto Rico, Cuba and Kingston, Jamaica at the time of the Earthquake There].

1907. Oblong Folio (28,5x40 cm). 25 black heavy card stock leaves. The album contains twenty mounted large platinum prints each ca. 18,5x24 cm ( ½ x 9 ½ in) and eleven mounted smaller gelatin silver prints each ca. 11x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) or slightly smaller. All images captioned in white manuscript on mounts. Original black pebbled cloth album by The Heinn Co. Cover with some staining but overall still a very good album with strong and sharp images.
This album which documents the construction of the Panama Canal and the 1907 Kingston Earthquake includes images of: Chicago Party (of business men); Landing Place (La Marina) San Juan, P.R. " waiting for more carriages;" Casa Blanca, P.R.; Old City Wall, gate and watchtower at San Juan P.R.; Group at Panama R.R. Station; Native Huts, Panama; A very small part of old French machinery at Empire, Canal Zone; Steam Shovel at Gatun, Canal Zone; View from Ancon, Panama, showing reservoir and Hotel Tivoli; Part of Culebra Cut; Part Old Spanish Cemetery, Panama. "no pay no stay;" Ruins of oldest church in Panama; Avenue of Royal Palms near Rio Cobre Hotel, Spanish Town, Jamaica; Street Scene in Kingston, Jamaica, showing effect of earthquake (1907); Harbour, Santiago, Cuba; The Morro, Santiago, Cuba; Scene in Guantanamo Harbour, Cuba; Drawbridge at Cabanas, Havana; Laurel Ditch, Cabanas, Havana, Cuba; Sunset, close of the last day of the trip; Disembarking into boats; U.S. Warships at Guantanamo; Public Square, San Juan; After the earthquake; Tivoli Hotel, Ancon, C.Z.; Kingston inhabitants; Empire, C.Z.; Culebra Cut, March 2, 1907; Kingston Kids; Morro Castle, Havana; Sunset.
The U.S. formally took control of the canal property on May 4, 1904, but construction of the Panama Canal would take another 10 years before completion.
"The 1907 Kingston earthquake which shook the capital of the island of Jamaica with a magnitude of 6.5.., was considered by many writers of that time one of the world's deadliest earthquakes recorded in history" (Wikipedia).


CASSIN, John (1813-1869)
Illustrations of the Birds of California, Texas, Oregon, British and Russian America.

Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., [1853-]1856. First Edition. Quarto (28 x 20cm). Viii, 298 pp. With fifty hand-colored lithographed plates by William E. Hitchcock, the first twenty after George G. White. 20th century red gilt tooled full sheep with raised bands. Spine slightly rubbed, plates generally clean, plate 10 with light wear to top margin, text very mildly age toned, overall a very good copy.
"First edition in book form, originally issued in ten parts from 1853 to 1855. The work aimed to cover the species discovered since the appearance of Audubon's Birds of America. Cassin (1813-1869) headed an engraving and lithographing firm in Philadelphia which produced illustrations for government and scientific publications. He pursued ornithology as an amateur, giving his spare time to the Philadelphia Academy of Science which was developing the largest bird specimen collection then in existence. Cassin arranged and catalogued the 26,000 specimens, and published regular reports of the results of his research. Unlike Audubon, his publications were primarily technical monographs of new species" (Sothebys); This work was "to be regarded in some measure as an addition to the works of former authors in American Ornithology, but at the same time complete in itself" (Preface). Cassin especially sought to describe birds not known to Audubon. Lada-Mocarski 144; Nissen 173; Sabin 11369; Sitwell p. 85; Wood p. 281; Zimmer p. 124.


HONDIUS, Joducus (1563-1612) & MERCATOR, Gerardus (1512-1594)
[Map of South America Titled:] Americae Meridionalis.

Amsterdam, ca. 1620. Copper engraved original hand coloured map ca. 35,5x49 cm (14 x19 ½ in). Original centrefold, Latin text on verso. Light age toning, otherwise a very good map with ample margins.
A very attractively hand coloured decorative map which includes vignettes of ships, sea monsters and indigenous people and an inset view of Cuzco the Inca capital. The Strait of Magellan is bordered in the South by Tierra Del Fuego, shown here as a part of a large southern continent and Eastern Brazil is shown as an island.
Jodocus Hondius "was a Dutch engraver, and cartographer. He is best known for his early maps of the New World and Europe, for re-establishing the reputation of the work of Gerard Mercator, and for his portraits of Francis Drake. He helped establish Amsterdam as the center of cartography in Europe in the 17th century" (Wikipedia). Koeman I, 9800:1A; Tooley's Mapmakers E-J p.364-5.


[Album with 210 Original Photographs Compiled by an American Oil Exploration Engineer Showing the Indigenous People of Carrasquero, Venezuela and the Nearby Engineers' camp and Oil Wells, also the Towns of Macuto and La Guaira, Venezuela, Curacao and its Royal Dutch Shell Refinery and Puerto Rico].

Ca. 1920. Quarto (26,5x21 cm). 48 leaves (black card stock). With 210 original photographs ranging in size from 8 x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in.) to 7,5x9,5 cm (3x4 in). All mounted with corners, many with pencil captions on verso. Period black patterned half cloth with patterned paper boards "Ardak Album." A few album leaves with minor chips, covers of album with mild rubbing, but overall a very good album with sharp images.
This is an historically interesting photo album documents the early exploration and development of the oil industry in Venezuela, which today is the country with the largest proven oil reserves in the world. "Despite the knowledge of the existence of oil reserves in Venezuela for centuries, the first oil wells of significance were not drilled until the early 1910s.., On 15 April 1914, upon the completion of the Zumaque-I (now called MG-I) oil well, the first Venezuelan oilfield of importance, Mene Grande, was discovered by Caribbean Petroleum (later acquired by Royal Dutch Shell)in the Maracaibo Basin. This major discovery encouraged a massive wave of foreign oil companies to "invade" Venezuela in an attempt to get a piece of the action"(Wikipedia).
The strong images in this album include: about forty images of Venezuelan indigenous peoples; about sixty images of the engineers getting to and setting up camp at Carrasquero (Maracaibo Basin), Venezuela; about ten images of the nearby oil wells; about forty images of Curacao and its Royal Dutch Shell refinery; about thirty images of Macuto and La Guaira, Venezuala; about twenty-five images of Puerto Rico.


[PEACOCK, Alfred?]
[Original Unsigned Watercolour Titled:] St. Thomas. West Indies.

Ca. 1889. Watercolour ca. 13,5x24 cm (5 ½ x 9 ½ in). Recently matted, overall very good watercolour.
Attractive watercolour of the harbour of Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands which is "the capital and largest city of the U.S. Virgin Islands, founded in 1666 as Taphus (meaning "beer houses" or "beer halls"). In 1691, the town was renamed to Amalienborg (in English Charlotte Amalie) after Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel (1650–1714), queen consort to King Christian V of Denmark. It contains a deep-water harbor that was once a haven for pirates.., When Christopher Columbus came here in 1493, the area was inhabited by both Island Caribs and Taíno"(Wikipedia). Little is known about the artist however from the photograph and watercolour of the clipper Sobraon found with this watercolour one can assume that the watercolours were created on a voyage from the United Kingdom to Australia. The Sobraon was used as an immigration ship between the England and Australia between the years 1866 and 1890.


57. [WORLD]
PLANCIUS, Petrus (1552-1622)
[World Map Titled:] Orbis Terrarum Typus de Integro Multis in Locis Emendatus.

Amsterdam: B. Van Deutecum, ca. 1604. Second State with the Addition of "Magallanica". Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 28,5x51 cm (11 ½ x 20 in). Repair to split in lower left part of map with a piece of blank margin expertly repaired with old paper. Right side remargined with old paper and with lower part of printed border expertly replaced in manuscript. A strong impression and overall still a very good copy of this rare map.
This attractive and very rare world map in two hemispheres is from a Dutch bible from 1604. First published in 1590, here in its second state from a Dutch bible; with "Magellanica" at bottom. Plancius "Was one of the first to appreciate the significance of earlier Portuguese charts and in 1602 was appointed official cartographer to the Dutch East India Company. Most of the maps prepared by Plancius are uncommon, if not rare, as they were not reprinted in standard atlas form. One of his earliest productions is this world map in double hemispherical form after Rumold Mercator's world map of 1587. It incorporates the improvements found on the post-1587 world map of Ortelius including a re-shaped South America and the insertion of the Solomon Isles. Plancius has introduced yet further changes on his own, based on the latest Portuguese information regarding the far west coast of America and the west coast of Asia. Japan is shown for the first time (not entirely correctly) as one small and three larger islands" (Shirley 177); The map "is beautifully engraved in a strapwork surround with a compass rose and armillary sphere tucked between the hemispheres. This example is the very rare second state from a Dutch Bible. Engraved by Baptista Doeticum, with Dutch text on verso" (Old World Auction).


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