December 2015 - Americas, the Pacific & the Polar Regions - Part 3 All items $650 and under

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LYTTELTON, Alfred (1857-1913)
[Autograph Letter Signed “A. Lyttelton” to “My Dear Sir” Regarding the Alaska Boundary Dispute].

21 January 1904. Small Octavo (ca. 18x11,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on watermarked paper with blind stamped “Colonial Office” letterhead; marked “Confidential” in ink in the upper left corner. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
A confidential private letter by Alfred Lyttleton, British Colonial Secretary in 1903-05, regarding the communications with Canadian officials about the Alaska Boundary Dispute. The letter was most likely addressed to Richard Everard Webster, first Viscount Alverstone (1842-1915), Chief Justice of Great Britain, one of three commissioners on the Alaska boundary dispute – as president of the commission he voted against the Canadian claim.
“I shd be very glad to see your reply to Sir W. Laurier. It is interesting to find that in a memo of [Joseph Hodges] Choate in 1902 Laurier is described as in a most timorous and conciliatory attitude <…> They did not report me at the Canada [?] in full, but I cd not refrain from saying something about you, & the Canadians received it very well, though it was not violently abusive of you.”


[Original Albumen Panoramic Photograph of Sitka with the Governor's Mansion and Russian Orthodox Church].

[Sitka, ca. 1896]. Photograph 18x48 cm (7 ½ x 19 in). Photograph bisected vertically and mounted on two slightly larger contemporary mounts. Mounts slightly edge worn. Photograph a bit faded, but in very good condition.
An attractive, early panoramic photograph of Sitka, Alaska, showing the waterfront including the Governor's Mansion and St. Michael's Russian Orthodox Church, with mountains in the background. A young fisherman sits in a small boat in the bottom foreground of the image. The Russian Orthodox Cathedral of St. Michael, visible in the right side of the picture, was founded in 1848. The three-story governor's residence sits on a hilltop overlooking the harbor, and an American flag flies near it. Smaller one- and two-story structures, including warehouses and homes, are seen along the entire length of the waterfront. The photograph is unsigned, but is attributed to N.B. Miller. Carl Mautz notes only that N.B. Miller was a (possibly amateur) photographer active in Alert Bay on Vancouver Island, circa 1888-89. However, Miller served as the assistant naturalist for the United States Treasury Department Fur Seals Investigations in 1896 in the Pribilof Islands (an island group in the Bering Sea). Not simply an amateur, he was a talented photographer, and it seems likely that this photograph was taken while he was doing his work with the fur seals commission in 1896. Sitka was made the capital of Russian America in 1808, and it was the seat of the American territorial government after the transfer of power from Russia to the United States in October, 1867. Sitka remained the capital of the Alaska Territory until 1908, when the capital was moved to Juneau.
See the website of the Univ. of Washington Library, Special Collections "Guide to the Alaska Marine Resources and Pribilof Islands Photograph Collection ca. 1896-1909" for further examples of Miller's work. Mautz, p.67 (ref).


117. [ALASKA - ST. PAUL]
LISIANSKY, Urey (1773-1837)
[Map Titled:] Harbour of St. Paul 1805 [From:] Voyage Round the World in the Years 1803, 1804, 1805 and 1806 Performed by Order of His Imperial Majesty Alexander the First, Emperor of Russia in the ship Neva.

London: John Booth, 1814. A hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 26x39 cm (10 x 15 ½ in). Recently matted map with original folds but otherwise in very good condition.
This map is from a "most important work dealing with discoveries on the N.W. Coast of America. The author was a captain in the Russian navy and commander of the "Neva." He visited Kodiak and Sitka, wintering at the former island, and his long stay there gave him ample time and scope for a study of the native inhabitants and their habits and customs. The long chart shows the track of the voyage, and there are charts of the Washington Islands, Cadiack, and the Harbor of St. Paul, the coast from Bering’s Bay to Sea Otter Bay, Sitka or Norfolk Sound, etc.; with colored views of the Harbor of St. Paul in the Island of Cadiack. And New Archangel in Norfolk Sound. There are also plates of Indian implements, etc. The work is important also as the principal source for the Sitka Massacre" (Soliday 873).


SERRES [née WILMOT], Olivia [alias Princess Olive of Cumberland] (1772–1834)

[Official Printed Letter to the “President of Trinity College &c, &c, &c, Cambridge” Regarding the Princess’ Invention – “North and South Compass”]: To the Naval and Maritime Officers of Great Britain.., to ascertain the cause of the Mariner’s Compasses in modern use having so greatly vacillated in the Arctic regions..,
[London], [29 August 1828]. On a folded leaf, size when folded: Quarto (ca. 24x19 cm). 1 p. With a hand written address, postal stamps and the princess’ wax seal on the last page. Manuscript text on the same page (probably written by the princess): “With the Princess Olive’s respects for the Knowledge of the University of Oxford”. Fold marks, paper aged, minor chip on the last page caused by opening, otherwise a very good document.
The letter addressed to all naval and maritime officers of Great Britain presents Princess Olive’s invention – North and South Compass “adapted for each side of the Equator; such being upon an entire new principle, and different to any compasses hitherto made, have been appointed of by the highest scientific and naval characters”. She “has been enabled, through her philosophical researches, to ascertain the cause of the Mariner’s Compasses in modern use having so greatly vacillated in the Arctic regions. The Princess Olive also has discovered, that a distinct and separate Mariner’s Compass is required in the North West and South East passages of the Ocean”. The Princess expresses hope that her inventions “which, in all their bearings, will be found so importantly useful to Mariners in general, will experience the patronage of the naval world”. At the end follows the schedule of public presentation of the models which will take place at the Princess’ residence, “No. 2, Park Row, Mills Buildings, Knightsbridge”.
Not much is known about this “invention” which most likely was a way to establish the Princess’ social status or to pay off some debts. An article with similar content has been published in the Morning Herald (1 August 1828). Although our letter is addressed to the President of the Cambridge Trinity College, the handwritten text expresses “Princess Olive’s respects for the knowledge of the University of Oxford” [sic!].
Olivia Serres, a British painter and writer, was also known as an impostor, who claimed the title of Princess Olive of Cumberland. “Born Olivia Wilmot, a daughter of a house painter Robert Wilmot, she married John Thomas Serres (1759-1825), marine painter to George III, in 1791. Financially reckless, she was several times imprisoned for debt. In 1817 she wrote a letter to the Prince Regent, claiming that she was the natural daughter of Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland by Mrs. Olive Payne (who was her actual aunt). In 1821, she had herself rebaptized as the daughter of the Duke of Cumberland at Islington Church, and "announced" her parentage in several letters to the newspapers and in pamphlets. The same year, however, she was arrested again for debt and placed in the King's Bench Prison. She appealed to the public for contributions, placing posters reading "The Princess of Cumberland in Captivity!" all over London, and publishing, in 1822, further details of her claims.
Olive managed to persuade Sir Gerard Noel, a Member of Parliament, to make inquiry into her claims, but by this time the royal family was fighting back. In 1823 Sir Robert Peel, then Home Secretary, speaking in parliament, responded to Noel's speech in Olive's favour with a denunciation of her documents as forgeries and her story as a fabrication. It was concluded that her claims were false, but Olive escaped prosecution for forgery. Olive continued to have economical problems and was for the rest of her life in and out of debtors' prisons” (Wikipedia).


119. [ARCTIC]
BACK, George (1796-1878)
[Autograph Letter Signed “Geo Back,” to “Webster, Esq.” asking him “when you correct the list of Members, will you add to my name, instead of Captain, Rear Admiral, DCL. FRS”].

[London], 109 Gloucester Place, Portman Square, 2 April 1857. Duodecimo (ca. 14,5x9 cm). 1 p. Brown ink on laid paper. With a 19th century ink inscription “Sir George Back, R.N., the Arctic Navigator.” Upper left corner cut off, hole at top of page marginally affecting the address, but overall a very good letter.
A short note from a British naval officer and renowned Arctic explorer George Back, referring to the list of members of the Royal Geographical Society of which he was a vice-president at the time. Written in early April 1857 and apparently addressed to one of the office employees of the society, the note informs of his promotion to the rank of rear-admiral (which had happened two weeks before, on the 19th of March 1857).
“Sir George Back, naval officer who helped to trace the Arctic coastline of North America. He twice accompanied the British explorer John Franklin to Canada’s Northwest Territories (1819-22 and 1825-27) and later conducted two expeditions of his own to the same region. The first of these expeditions, in 1833, was to search for another British explorer, John Ross, who had disappeared on an Arctic voyage in 1829. The venture resulted in the exploration of the Great Fish River, now the Back River. In 1836 Back returned to explore the coastal region east from the mouth of the river. His writings include Narrative of the Arctic Land Expedition to the Mouth of the Great Fish River (1836) and Narrative of Expedition in H.M.S. Terror (1838). He was knighted in 1839” (Encyclopaedia Britannica).


120. [ARCTIC]
BARROW, John, Sir, 1st Baronet (1764-1848)
[Official Letter on the form of the Admiralty Signed "John Barrow" to "Sir G. Hammond, Bt., KCB" with the Latest Instructions about the Naval Armament].

Admiralty, 9 December 1834. Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm). 1 p. (bifolium, with a second blank leaf). Official printed form of the Admiralty (on the Smith & Son laid paper watermarked "1831"), completed in brown ink in secretarial hand and signed by Barrow at the bottom. With a manuscript note “Duplicate” and date 13 May/35 in the left upper corner. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good document.
This official letter signed by John Barrow as the second Secretary of the Admiralty was addressed to Sir Graham Eden Hamond, 2nd Baronet GCB (1779-1862), a British Royal Navy officer (Admiral of the Fleet in 1862) who served during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars. At the time he was the commander of the Royal Navy’s South American Station (16 September 1834 - 17 May 1838). The letter accompanied the copies of “their Lordship’s Circular Order of the 21 October last forbidding the use of Coal Tar upon Gun and Carronade Carriages as a substitute for Paint".
John Barrow was a renowned English statesman, traveller and great promoter of Arctic exploration; a member of the Royal Society (1805), a founding member and a president (1835-1837) of the Royal Geographical Society. He accompanied Lord Macartney’s embassy to China (1792-4), and served during the latter’s governorship in South Africa (1797-9) "collecting much of the commercial and strategic intelligence about the eastern seas and southern Africa" (Oxford DNB). He was the second Secretary of the Admiralty in 1804-1845 (except for the period between 10 February 1806 and 7 April 1807).
According to the chapter “Fitting and General Service” of the “Admiralty Instructions for the Government of Her Majesty’s Naval Service” (1844), “A coating of coal tar is never to be applied to guns of carronage carriages while on board Her Majesty’s Ships instead of paint, such substance being detrimental to the carriages.”


121. [ARCTIC]
MAY, Commander Walter William A.
Division of Sledges Finding and Cutting a Road Through Heavy Hummocks. In the Queen's Channel. [Plates VIII & IX on one Leaf From the Rare:] "A Series of Fourteen Sketches made During the Voyage up Wellington Channel in Search of Sir John Franklin, K.C.H., and the Missing Crews of H.M. Discovery-Ships Erebus and Terror; together with a Short Account of Each Drawing."

London: Day and Son, May 1, 1855. Tinted lithograph, printed images each ca. 15x23 cm (6x9 in). Recently matted lithographs in very good condition.
"Walter William May, lieutenant on the Assistance, whose sketches would form the basis of a handsome plate book."(Howgego Polar Regions 1850-1940, B15). The Assistance was part of Sir Edward Belcher's expedition which searched the Wellington Channel (1852-54). Belcher's "expedition is distinguished from all other Arctic expeditions as the one in which the commanding officer showed an undue haste to abandon his ships when in difficulties, and in which one of the ships so abandoned rescued herself from the ice, and was picked up floating freely in the open Atlantic" (Oxford DNB); Abbey Travel II, 646.


122. [ARCTIC]
SPRENGEL, Matthias Christian (1746-1803)
Alexander Mackenzie's Reise nach dem Nördlichen Eismeere vom 3. Jun. Bis 12 September 1798. Aus dem Englischen übersetzt und mit Anmerkungen versehen. [Alexander Mackenzie’s Travel to the Northern Polar Sea from 3 June to 12 September 1798…].

Weimar: Verlage des Landes-Industrie-Comptoirs, 1802. First German Edition. Small Octavo. T.p., 61 pp. With a folding copper engraved map at rear, Mackenzie’s track outlined in hand colouring. Period style brown half calf with marbled paper boards; gilt tooled spine with gilt lettered title label. A very good copy.
First German edition of Alexander Mackenzie’s travels to the Arctic Ocean and the discovery of the Mackenzie River in 1789 (the title shows the travel date as 1798 in error). The book was translated into German by Matthias Christian Sprengel, a German geographer and historian, and published as part of the series which he edited “Bibliothek der neuesten und wichtigsten Reisebeschreibungen” (7, vol. 2).
Mackenzie “was for several years engaged in the fur trade at Fort Chippewyan, at the head of Lake Athabasca, and it was here that his schemes of travel were formed. His first journey, made in 1789, was from Fort Chippewyan along the Great Slave Lake, and down the river which now bears his name to the Arctic Ocean; and his second, made in 1792 and 1793, from Fort Chippewyan across the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific coast near Cape Menzies. He wrote an account of these journeys, Voyages on the River St Lawrence and through the Continent of North America to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans (London, 1801), which is of considerable interest from the information it contains about the native tribes. It is prefaced by an historical dissertation on the Canadian fur trade. Amassing considerable wealth, Mackenzie was knighted in 1802, and later settled in Scotland” (Encyclopaedia Britannica).


[Collection of Thirteen Original Photos of New South Wales, Including Views of Sydney Harbour, Bondi Beach, Hacking River, Shoalhaven River, and Three Interesting Images of the Parramatta River Taken on the Day of the Scull Boat Race between George Towns and Jim Stanbury in 1905 or 1906].

Ca. 1900s. Thirteen unmounted gelatin silver prints, ca. 15,5x20,5 cm (6x8 in). All with pencil titles in English on versos. Housed in their original period paper envelope with the printed title “Pearl Platino-Argentic Paper, Manufactured by Baker & Rouse, Abbotsford, Melbourne.” The envelope opened on three sides, with tears on extremities, otherwise a very good collection of bright images.
This interesting collection of photos of New South Wales includes views of the Sydney Harbour taken from the deck of HMS “Powerful,” Circular Quay taken from RMS “Orontes,” two images of Bondi Beach and three rare views of the Parramatta River taken on a day of the famous scull boat race between George Towns and Jim Stanbury (one of two races between them, either in 1905 or in 1906). The photos show the Parramatta river full of canoes, paddle boats, and “steamers going up to the starting point,” as well as “the Parramatta River after the finish of the Stanbury-Towns boat race, the boats hurrying back to town.” The other images show the Hacking River taken from the Moombara district (Port Hacking, southern Sydney), Jamberoo village on the Illawarra South Coast of New South Wales; Nowra Bridge over the Shoalhaven River (built in 1881), and the Bomaderry Creek near Nowra (South Coast). The last view shows the harbour of Hobart with HMS “Challenger” on the right taken from the deck of RMS “Orontes.”
“George Towns was the Australian Single Sculls World Champion from 1901 to 1905 and 1906 to 1907. He was the last of the seven Australian World Sculling Champion who between them held the title almost uninterrupted from 1876 to 1909” (Wikipedia). His two races with another famous Australian sculler James Stanbury (1868-1945) took place on 22 July 1905 and 28 July 1906.
“Stanbury was a tough proposition as he had been World Champion from 1891 to 1896 and had held off several challenges before losing to Gaudaur. The race was agreed to be run on 22 July 1905 on the Parramatta with a stake of £500 a side. The water was smooth and the weather was fine with just a light breeze. Again large crowds were on hand to witness what was expected to one of the great sculling contests. At the start Stanbury at once went to the front and by Uhr’s Point was a length and a half ahead. Towns then spurted but could make no impression on the leader. For every effort Towns made Stanbury responded and he crossed the line by two lengths in a time of 19m.47s.
Often when one sculler was beaten by another he was offered a return match to have the chance to get even – or, go two down. Stanbury offered Towns and they had another Championship race on the same course almost a year later on 28 July 1906. After the start Towns took an early lead but was soon overhauled by Stanbury who then continued to widen the gap until he was two lengths ahead but at Cabarita he started to show signs of distress. It was evident that his right shoulder was troubling him and about which rumours had been circulating. He had to slow down considerably and Towns then managed to catch up. Stanbury’s shoulder finally gave out and from there on the race was a procession. Towns won by about twenty lengths in a time of 19m.53s. This was Stanbury’s final Championship race; he had raced in seven and won five” (Wikipedia).


124. [BERING]
[Lithograph Plate Titled]: Monument élevé á la mémoire du Capitaine Béring au Kamchatka. [Monument Erected in Memory of Captain Bering in Kamchatka].

Paris: Lith. De Thierry fréres, [1841]. Lithograph plate ca. 20,5x26 cm (8 x 10 ¼ in) with very wide margins. From the drawing by Masselot, lithographed by Blanchard. A near fine lithograph.
A plate from the “Atlas Pittoresque” to the official account of Abel Aubert Dupetit-Thouars circumnavigation in 1836-39 “Voyage autour du Monde sur la fregate La Vénus” (Paris, 1841-46). The plate shows French mariners at the monument to Vitus Bering erected in the city garden of Petropavlovsk.
The expedition of Dupetit-Thouars visited Kamchatka on August 30 – September 15, 1837. Dupetit-Thouars writes about it in the travel account (in translation):
“In the lower part of the garden, on the northern side, we also noticed a small monument erected in the memory of Bering: it is a single column, surmounted by a globe, the lattice fence carries a tablet on which we read KAПИTAHУ BИTУCУ БEPИНГУ (“To Capitan Vitus Bering”). Next to the monument in the middle of a clump of trees and flowers, stood a small very elegant kiosk. The plan of the city also showed on the other side of the creek, a monument to the memory of Clerke and Father de Croyère; but in vain we endeavored to find it – nobody could satisfy our curiosity in this regard, which gave us reason to believe, that the monument, which many travelers have spoken about, existed only as a project, or that time has erased the last traces of it even in the memory of the people…” (Voyage autour du Monde, vol. 2, chapter 4). NB: the monument to Charles Clerke in Petropavlovsk survives even today. It was erected in 1804 by the members of the first Russian circumnavigation under command of Adam Krusenstern, the monument was relocated in 1818, and reconstructed in 1914 and 2002. Nowadays it is situated in the centre of Petropavlovsk, on Leninskaya Street.
This monument to Vitus Bering, made in Saint Petersburg in 1823-1826, was erected in Petropavlovsk after 1827. At first next to the governor’s house, it was eventually moved several times, and is now “located near the harbor from which the navigator had started his expedition to America” (see: BaikalNature on-line).
"The voyage, ostensibly to report on the whale fisheries in the Pacific was political in nature. The presence of the frigate Venus in ports around the world would be of value to French commerce and diplomacy. After rounding Cape Horn, the expedition made calls up the coast of South America, to Hawaii, Kamchatka, and to California, in order to assist French traders who had been clamoring for support for some time… In 1838, the Venus made a run for Easter Island, further investigated the coast of South America, then sailed for the Galapagos and Marquesas Islands, Tahiti, and New Zealand" (Hill, p.91).


126. [BRAZIL]
PEREIRA, José Clemente, Barão de São Clemente (1787-1854)
[Autograph Letter Signed, to Francisco Gomes da Silva ("O Chalaça"), Regarding the Dowry of Sua Alteza Imperial a Senhora D. Maria Amelia].

Rio de Janeiro, 10 July 1849. Large Quarto (ca. 27,5x22 cm). 2 pp., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on pale blue paper, text in Portuguese in a small, neat hand; docketed on verso of the second leaf. Blind stamp monogram of the paper factory in the upper left corner of the first leaf. Fold marks and minor creases, paper age toned, otherwise a very good letter.
In this letter of 1849, Pereira, a Brazilian official, tells Francisco Gomes da Silva, Secretário de Estado da Casa de Bragança, that he hopes to persuade the Brazilian parliament to approve a dowry for D. Maria Amelia, a Brazilian Princess, perhaps the same amount as her sister D. Francisca's ("700 contos, moeda forte"). The second part of the letter is a discussion of D. Maria Amelia's legal status.
Princess Maria Amelia (1831-1853), daughter of D. Pedro I and his second wife Amélie of Leuchtenberg, was born in France after D. Pedro had abdicated the throne in favor of D. Pedro II. Before Maria Amelia was a month old, her father set out to depose D. Miguel and restore the crown for his eldest daughter, D. Maria II. After D. Pedro died in 1834 of tuberculosis, D. Maria Amelia went to study in Munich and later to live in Portugal. Although she never met her half-brother D. Pedro II, when he was declared of age in 1840, he intervened to have D. Maria Amelia declared a member of the Brazilian imperial family. Since she was foreign born, the Brazilian government had refused to accept her status until that time.
José Clemente Pereira was one of the most enthusiastic promoters of Brazilian independence. In the first election for deputies, he was chosen to represent Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Minas Gerais, and was chosen senator for Rio de Janeiro, Alagôas, and Pará.
This letter is addressed to Francisco Gomes da Silva (1791-1852), a close friend of D. Pedro I who emigrated from his native Lisbon to Brazil in 1807 and became a leader in the movement for Brazilian independence. He was one of several men considered by the Marquez de Barbacena to be anti-liberal, hence likely to subvert the Emperor's inclination toward constitutional government. In 1833 he was named Secretário de Estado da Casa de Bragança, a position he held until his death.
A few years after this letter was written, in early 1852, D. Maria Amelia was engaged to Archduke Maximilian of Austria; unlike most royal engagements, this one seems to have been based on a strong romantic relationship. Before the marriage could take place, however, D. Maria Amelia contracted scarlet fever, then tuberculosis. Although her mother took her to the healthy climate of Funchal, Madeira, the princess's health continued to decline, and she died unwed at age 21. She was buried in Portugal, but in 1982 her remains were transferred to Brazil, where they now lie with the rest of the Brazilian imperial family. In her memory, her mother funded the construction of a hospital in Funchal that bears her name.
Archduke Maximilian, visiting his deceased fiancée's brother D. Pedro II, was so impressed with Brazil's stability and prosperity that in 1864 he accepted an invitation to become emperor of Mexico. He was executed by a republican firing squad in 1867.
On Pereira, see Sacramento Blake IV, 384-6, and Grande enciclopédia XXI, 153. On Gomes da Silva, see Grande enciclopédia XII, 528-9.


126. [BRAZIL]
WATERTON, Sir Charles (1782-1865)
[Manuscript Copy of an English Translation of Waterton’s Letter to the Commander of Fort St. Joachim, Portuguese Guiana, During his 1812 Expedition].

First half of the 19th century. Octavo (ca. 21x16,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on bluish paper; inscription on the 4th page “Translation of Chl. Waterton’s letter to __”. Fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
A good 19th century English translation of Charles Waterton’s letter to the commander of Fort St. Joachim, Branco River, Portuguese Guiana (modern Brazil). The original letter was written in Spanish during Waterton’s first exploratory journey into Guyana’s remote inland in 1812, with one of the purposes being to study the nature of the wourali poison, better known as curare. The description of the meeting with the Portuguese commander, as well as the Spanish text of the letter were published in the first edition of Waterton’s travel account "Wanderings in South America, the South-West of the United States and the Antilles, in the Years 1812, 1816, 1820 and 1824" (London, 1825).
Waterton wished to see "the stronghold of the Portuguese for which I beg the favour of Your Excellency and permission", reassuring that his "motives are the most honorable <…> I came latterly from Demarara which place I left on the 5th of April to see this beautiful Country and collect a few Curiosities, particularly the poison called Wourali". He proceeded with the latest news of the war with Napoleon: "Valencia had fallen into the hands of the common Enemy and General Blake with his brave troops had been made prisoners of war <…> Lord Wellington had taken possession of the City of Rodrigo". An interesting note in the end tells: "I beg you to excuse this Letter not being written in Ink – and Indian having dropped the inkstand, it broke into pieces". The letter is signed as "Carlos Waterton."
Charles Waterton was a British naturalist and explorer; he travelled four times in the interior of Guiana in 1812-1824 and was the first to bring the curare poison to Europe. "In 1825, Charles Waterton described a classical experiment in which he kept a curarized female donkey alive by artificial respiration with a bellows through a tracheostomy (Wikipedia). Waterton is also considered as one of the first environmentalists. He has been described by David Attenborough as "one of the first people anywhere to recognize not only that the natural world was of great importance but that it needed protection as humanity made more and more demands on it" (Wikipedia).


P[RATT], S[idney]
[Original Signed ("S.P.") Watercolour Dated and Titled:] Mountains & Water. View near Arrowhead, looking up the Lake. B.C. July 1905.

1905. Watercolour ca. 15x34,5 cm (6 x 13 ½ in). The watercolour is recently matted. Overall a very good watercolour.
Attractive watercolour looking from Arrowhead (a former steamboat port and town) up the Upper Arrow Lake in British Columbia. Arrowhead is now a BC ghost town.


BEGBIE, Matthew Baillie, Sir (1819-1894)
[Leaflet Titled]: Court of British Columbia. Order of Court. Whereas, by a Proclamation under the public seal of the said Colony, issued at Victoria, V.I., the 24th day of December, I, Matthew Baillie Begbie, Judge in the said Court, am authorised, while resident in Victoria, Vancouver Island, to make general Rules and Orders of Court in the same manner and of the same force and validity as if I were resident in British Columbia...

[Victoria B.C.], 24 December [1858]. On a folded double folio leaf (ca. 28x39,5 cm or 11 x 15 ½ in) with the Royal Arms of the British Empire. 4 pp. The leaflet has a mild stain on the first page, minor creases on corners, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare B.C. Incunabula with only thirteen copies found in Worldcat.
Matthew Begbie’s establishment of the Court of the newly formed Colony of British Columbia (since August 2, 1858). The document contains 14 paragraphs and three forms of declarations by barristers, attorneys or solicitors, and attorneys on temporary rolls.
"Begbie reached Fort Victoria on November 16, 1858. He was sworn into office in Fort Langley on November 19, as the new Colony of British Columbia was proclaimed. Given the influx of prospectors and others during Fraser Canyon Gold Rush and the following Cariboo Gold Rush of 1861, Begbie played a crucial role in the establishment of law and order throughout the new colony" (Wikipedia).
"Sir Matthew Baillie Begbie was the first Chief Justice of the Crown Colony of British Columbia in colonial times and in the first decades after confederation of Canada.
Begbie served as the first Judge of the Supreme Court, Colony of British Columbia 1858 to 1866 and then, in the same capacity in the Supreme Court, the United Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia from 1866 to 1870. He was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Colonies from 1870 to 1871 and, following British Columbia joining confederation in 1871, he served as the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the new Province of British Columbia until his death on June 11, 1894.
In the years after his death, Begbie came to be known as the Hanging Judge. However, it appears that he does not deserve this reputation. The death penalty was mandatory in murder cases in those days unless the government approved a judge's recommendation for clemency. Indeed, Begbie successfully argued for clemency in several cases" (Wikipedia).


[Original Receipt of Land Purchase in the Esquimalt District, Signed by Colonial Surveyor J.D. Pemberton]: VANCOUVER’S ISLAND COLONY. ESQUIMALT DISTRICT. Received, this 9th day of August 1859, from John Matthias Ollis…

9 August 1859. Folio (ca. 33x19,5 cm). Printed document on blue paper, completed in brown ink. Signed “Joseph Pemberton”, docketed in brown ink on verso and signed “Graham Elson, [1865]”. Fold marks, slightly browned at extremities, otherwise a very good document.
Very early original receipt of a land transaction on Vancouver Island given to John Matthias Ollis who bought a parcel of land in the Esquimalt District, lots LXI-LXII, for $196.00. The form is signed by Joseph Despard Pemberton (1821-1893), Surveyor General of the Colony of Vancouver Island, and docketed on verso by Graham Alston in 1865 registering the land in Absolute [Fees Book?].
J.M. Ollis was an Engineer in the Royal Navy, apparently stationed in Esquimalt; the “First Victoria Directory” (Victoria: E. Mallandaine, 1869, 3rd issue), listed a certain “Ollis John R. No fixed residence, freehold, Esquimalt district” in the district’s list of voters (p. 68).


[Two receipts issued by the HBC to Mr. W. Wootton [?] for Rum, Sherry and Ale bought in the Victoria Store]: Bought of the Hudson’s Bay Co...

Victoria, V.I., 21 and 28 October 1859. Printed receipts on pale blue lined paper completed in brown ink. First receipt ca. 17x20 cm (half legal size), signed by C. Thorne and J.W. McKay; second receipt ca. 33,5x20 cm (full legal size), signed by J.W. McKay. Fold marks, otherwise the receipts are in very good condition.
Rare Hudson’s Bay Company receipts on the forms of its Victoria store. The receipt from 21 October is for Sherry and Ale, and is signed by famous fur trader and HBC associate Joseph William McKay (1829-1900); with manuscript text on verso: “David Cameron, Receipt HBC $ 30.50, 21st October 1859”. The receipt from 28 October lists two gallons of rum, signed by the store associate Cornelius Thorne; and two gallons of sherry - signed by Joseph McKay; with manuscript text on verso “David Cameron HBC $ 10.40, Oct 28th 1859”.
McKAY JOSEPH WILLIAM, fur trader, explorer, businessman, politician, jp, and office holder; he worked for the Hudson’s Bay Company for over 30 years (1844-1878). Mackay took part in negotiations with Indians near Fort Victoria, explored the Cowichan and Comox valleys, took possession of the coalfields of Nanaimo for the HBC; established sawmills; administered auriferous Thompson’s river district, Fort Yale, managed a salmon cannery et al. In 1856-59 he was a representative of the Victoria District in the First House of Assembly of Vancouver Island (see more: Dictionary of Canadian Biography on-line).


[Original Unsigned Watercolour Titled:] No. Vancouver.

May 28th 1892. Watercolour mounted on period card ca. 17x24 cm (6 ½ x 9 ½ in). The watercolour is recently matted. Overall a very good watercolour.
Early interesting watercolour looking up Indian Arm by Deep Cove, North Vancouver. "Burrard Inlet and the opening of Indian Arm was mapped by Captain George Vancouver and fully explored days later by Dionisio Alcalá Galiano in June 1792.., Deep Cove, or Deepwater as it was first known, is located in the traditional clamming and fishing area of the Squamish Salish native nation who lived for thousands of years and still live in the area." (Wikipedia).


CAINE, William Sproston (1842-1903)
[Original Watercolour of the Selkirk Mountains, the Canadian Rockies, used for the Illustration in W.S. Caine’s "A Trip Around the World in 1887-8", London: Routledge, 1888].

[1887-8]. Watercolour and ink with touches of gouache on paper, ca. 12x12,5 cm (4 ¾ x 5 in). Captioned in ink in the lower margin. Recently matted. The edge of the lower margin with some part of the caption lost, otherwise a very good watercolour.
Original watercolour captioned "The Hermit Range. Selkirk Mountains" and used as the illustration to p. 92. “The Hermit Range, so named from its fancied resemblance to a Monk St. Bernard followed by his dog, is as fine a group of snow mountains as the world can furnish” (p. 102).
W.S. Caine, a British politician and Temperance advocate, travelled around the world with his daughter Hannah in August 1887 - March 1886. He went across the Atlantic Ocean on a steam liner from Liverpool to Quebec, then crossed Canada overland through the Rocky Mountains and British Columbia, went on a steamer from Vancouver to San Francisco and continued his trip to Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ceylon and India. Caine’s numerous sketches and photographs taken during the journey were used as illustrations to his book, some in the original state, and some being reworked “by my old friend, Mr. John Pedder, of Maidenhead, who has evolved the greater portion of the illustrations, with accuracy and artistic skill” (Caine. A Trip around the World, p. X).


PEDDER, John (1850-1929) & CAINE, William Sproston (1842-1903)
[Original Ink Drawing of the Summit Lake, the Canadian Rockies, used for the Illustration in W.S. Caine’s "A Trip Around the World in 1887-8", London: Routledge, 1888].

[1887-8]. Ink on paper, ca. 20x15,5 cm (7 ¾ x 6 in). Signed “JP” in the left lower corner, captioned in pencil on the upper margin. Mounted on a larger sheet of Japanese paper and recently matted. Blank margins chipped, with a couple of small holes, otherwise a very good bright drawing.
Original ink drawing captioned "Summit Lake. Rocky Mountains" and used as the illustration to p. 93 of Caine’s book. He describes the highest point of the Canadian Pacific Railway, located “5,300 feet above the sea, at the summit lake, marshy and shallow, from which trickles a stream at each end, one of which travels 2,000 miles to the Atlantic, and the other 1,500 miles to the Pacific Ocean” (p. 94).
W.S. Caine, a British politician and Temperance advocate, travelled around the world with his daughter Hannah in August 1887 - March 1886. He went across the Atlantic Ocean on a steam liner from Liverpool to Quebec, then crossed Canada overland through the Rocky Mountains and British Columbia, went on a steamer from Vancouver to San Francisco and continued his trip to Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ceylon and India. Caine’s numerous sketches and photographs taken during the journey were used as illustrations to his book, some in the original state, and some being reworked “by my old friend, Mr. John Pedder, of Maidenhead, who has evolved the greater portion of the illustrations, with accuracy and artistic skill” (Caine. A Trip around the World, p. X).
John Pedder was an English watercolour artist, a member of the Liverpool Academy and a Secretary of the Liverpool Society of Painters in Watercolours. He actively exhibited at the Royal Academy and the Royal Society of British Artists.
Four other ink drawings used as illustrations for the book and depicting the scenery of British Columbia are now in the B.C. Archives.


[Private Album with ca. 317 Original Photographs of Parties, Picnics and Trips around Vancouver, Victoria and Vancouver Island, Including Images from the Woodward’s Annual Staff Picnic in 1923 and the Piggly Wiggly Picnic in 1930].

1923-1933. Oblong Folio (ca. 29x40 cm). 44 card leaves (23 blank). Ca. 317 gelatin silver prints, the majority ca. 8x5,5 cm (3x2 in) or ca. 10x6 cm (4 x 2 ¼ in); all but three mounted on the leaves (the three are loosely inserted). A number of images with white manuscript captions on the mounts or ink captions on the lower margins. Original black cloth album fastened with a string, with gilt lettered title “Photographs” on the front cover and paper label of “Canadian Kodak Co. Ltd., Toronto” on the inner side of the back cover. Some images slightly faded or with mild silvering, one with a repaired tear, but overall a very good album.
Lively private album with numerous group portraits from parties, summer holidays, picnics, and trips around Vancouver, Victoria and US West Coast. The album includes a number of interesting images illustrating B.C. local history, for example a series of ca. 30 photos taken at the Woodward’s Annual Staff Picnic on the Mayne Island (the Southern Gulf Islands, B.C.) on July 18th 1923; the participants were taken to the island by the C.P.R. Coastal steamer “Princess Royal.” Woodward’s department store (located at the West Cordova St.) was the premiere shopping destination in Vancouver in the first half of the 20th century. The company went bankrupt in 1993, and the original building of the Woodward’s department store was demolished in 2006 for a subsequent redevelopment of the site.
The other interesting images show the storefront of a Piggly Wiggly grocery store and several portraits from a Piggly Wiggly Picnic in the Seaside Park in 1930. There are also photos from a camping trip to the Horseshoe Bay (Vancouver), views and portraits taken in the English Bay, Stanley Park, White Cliff Park, beach in White Rock, Crescent Beach, Active Pass, photo of a “N. Van. Ferry,” numerous portraits taken during road trips in front of automobiles (Bellingham, Cloverdale, Vancouver Island, “7 mi from Hotel Leopold,” Capilano Canyon, Cameron Lake, Crescent Beach, Mt. Baker et al.). Some images were taken on Vancouver Island, with photos of groups posing in front of private houses in Victoria, or in the Butchart Gardens; there are also nice views of the Union Bay, and totem poles in Sechelt. Several images are group family portraits taken in San Francisco, Portland, and Seattle.
Overall an attractive and vivid representation of Vancouver social life in the 1920s.


[Original Signed Watercolour Dated and Titled:] Behind Waterworks' House, Brockton Point, Vancouver.

Sept. 8th 1898. Watercolour ca, 21x29,5 cm (8 ½ x 11 ½ in). The watercolour is recently matted. With a couple of minor mild spots of foxing but overall a very good watercolour.
This historically interesting early watercolour shows the Vancouver Waterworks Company house at Brockton Point in Stanley Park. "In 1889, the Vancouver Waterworks Company completed construction of a freshwater pipeline from the Capilano River that ran beneath First Narrows and through Stanley Park"( Before 1865, Brockton Point "was utilized as a graveyard for early settlers who came to Vancouver. That year, Edward Stamp—a British businessman in the timber industry—cleared away part of the site in order to build a sawmill. However, he was forced to abandon his plans after realizing the strong currents from the harbour impeded the construction of log booms. He ended up moving the mill to Gastown, becoming Hastings Mill" (Wikipedia).


[Original Signed Dated Watercolour Titled (on Verso):] The Sleeping Lady + Eng. Bay from Stanley Park.

July 10th 1911. Watercolour ca. 21x27 cm (8 ½ x 11 in). Recently matted, some mild foxing of top part of the watercolour but overall a very good watercolour.
This attractive watercolour shows North Vancouver and the North Shore mountains as seen from Stanley Park across the Burrard Inlet.


WATSON, Leonard (d.1967)
[Original Etching and Drypoint Titled and Signed in Pencil:] Totem Poles, Stanley Park.

Ca. 1930. Original etching ca. 18x12,5 cm (7x5 in). Recently matted and framed. The etching is in fine condition.
Leonard Watson was a western Canadian artist known for his etchings and one them of the war memorial in Winnepeg is in the National Gallery of Canada. The poles in this etching originate from Alert Bay. In 1962, all the poles were moved to Brockton Point, where more poles were added, many of which still stand today.


[Broadside Titled:] An Act to Authorize the Victoria and Esquimalt Railway Company Limited to Make a Railway from Esquimalt to Victoria.

[Victoria B.C.], 1862. One page on a folded double folio leaf (ca. 35,5x42,5 cm or 14x17 in). Pale blue paper. A fine copy.
Very rare broadside with Worldcat only locating a copy at UBC. This is a draft of an act for a railway between Victoria and Esquimalt which most likely hadn’t been accepted; unlisted in the official set of Acts.
According to the document, "the Victoria and Esquimalt Railway Company Limited was duly registered on the 21st day of November, 1862" with the goal of "making of a Line of Railway between Victoria and Esquimalt, and the conveyance of passengers and goods between Esquimalt and Victoria."
The Company will commit to "make and complete the permanent way of the said line <..,> within two years from the passage of this Act, unless hindered by the dangers of the sea or other unavoidable casualty." In case of approval, the Act "may be sited as the Victoria and Esquimalt Railway Act, 1862."


STODHARD, T. & [MEARES, John] (1756?-1809)
[Aquatint Titled:] Entrance to the Straits of John de Fuca.

London: J. Walter & Son, 1790. Hand coloured aquatint by J. Wells. Image size 24x45 cm (9 ½ x 18 in). Original folds flattened. A very good aquatint.
Plate 12 from Meares’ "Voyages in the Years 1788-'9 from China to the Northwest Coast of America." "One of the early and fundamental books on the Northwest coast of America in general and on Alaska in particular" (Lada-Mocarski 46). "Meares’ voyages resulted in the Nootka Sound affair between Britain and Spain, and were the foundation of Britain’s claim to Oregon, later ceded to the United States" (Abbey Travel 594).
The Strait of Juan de Fuca, located at the southern entrance to Georgia Strait, separates Vancouver Island from Washington’s Olympic Peninsula and forms part of the international boundary. It was named by Capt Charles Barkley in 1787 after a Greek mariner who claimed to have discovered it in 1592. For 200 years the strait was considered the possible entrance to a Northwest Passage. De Fuca’s claims have always been doubted, but the name remains. The strait is susceptible to heavy weather and the Vancouver Island shoreline has been called "the Graveyard of the Pacific" (Encyclopaedia of British Columbia on-line); Cox Vol. II, page 29; Sabin 47260; Staton & Tremaine 612.


TRUTCH, Hon. [Sir] J[oseph] W[illiam] (1826-1904)
Map of British Columbia Compiled from the Map of the Province Recently Prepared Under the Direction of the Hon. J.W. Trutch Lieut. Govr. Of the Province With Additions from the Maps of the Post Office Department.

Toronto: Lithographed by Rolph, Smith & Co., ca. 1881. Lithographed map ca. 41x61,5 cm (16 ½ x 24 ½ in). With lithographed topographical illustrations on verso. Original centre fold, otherwise a very good map.
Historically important map of British Columbia after the province entered Confederation which show the proposed Canadian Pacific Railway. "Following the establishment of the Canadian Confederation in 1867 [Trutch] worked to negotiate British Columbia's entry, which occurred in 1871 after [He] secured a promise for the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR).
Trutch was the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia following Confederation, a position he retained from 1871–1876. Following his tenure as lieutenant governor, Trutch was appointed a "Dominion agent for British Columbia", and helped to oversee the construction of the CPR in the province." (Wikipedia).


[Autograph Letter Signed by a Buenos Aires Merchant Gaspar Ressa to the Members of the City’s Prior y Counsel, Written at the Time of the French Blockade of Buenos Aires During the Spanish American War of Confederation].

Buenos Aires, 1 December 1838. Folio (ca 31x21,5 cm). [1] p. Brown ink on watermarked paper, legible text in Spanish, signed and docketed on verso. Light wear and chipping at edges. Very minor foxing. Very good.
An interesting document from the tense period of the French blockade of Rio de la Plata (28 March 1838 - 1840) during the War of the Confederation between Argentina and Chile on one side and the Peru-Bolivian Confederation on the other side. Buenos Aires merchant Gaspar Ressa filed a complaint to the members of the city Council about Don Jose Costa, the captain of the ship “Flor de Rio” which belonged to Ressa. “I requested before the town's office of registered licences that Don Jose Costa, the then captain of a ship of mine, Flor del Río, reports on matters done in his capacity [as a captain], pertaining to his management and regarding the aforesaid ship; as a result the aforesaid captain Costa, instead of fulfilling what was his duty, ran away and went to Montevideo in secret without any authorisation from the aforementioned headquarters and police: as his way of behaving was prejudicial to my interests, I hereby complain before the same court about all damage which may arise <…> The chief of navy and the captain of the port of Montevideo were in charge so that they ordered Captain Costa to appear within a couple of weeks before this jurisdiction's court <…>; there was no reply to date as it shows on those decrees…”
As follows from the verso of the letter, Ressa’s appeal was processed by the Buenos Aires Council the same day, and on the 3rd of December “the testimony was received and given to the interested party, Ressa.” The document bears the seal of Argentina and is signed by Gaspar Ressa and a member of the council Antonio Francio Gomez.
In 1838 France had sent ships to blockade Buenos Aires, in support of their allies in the Peru-Bolivian Confederation. This eventually helped spark the Uruguayan civil war, which lasted from 1839 to 1851.


HODGSON, James (from Hodgson, Robinson & Co.)
[An Extensive Autograph Letter Signed, from James Hodgson‚ Merchant at Buenos Aires‚ to Messrs. Fielden Brothers, Owners of the Cotton-Spinning Firm in Manchester, Regarding the Insurance of the Latest Shipment‚ with Comments on the Textiles Suitable for Export to South America].

Buenos Aires, 22 February 1821. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 3 pp. Addressed, sealed and docketed on the fourth blank page, with two postal stamps, including a stamp of “Portsmouth Ship Letter” ibidem. Fold marks, minor hole on the third page after opening, slightly affecting the text, but overall a very good legible letter.
An interesting and extensive business letter from James Hodgson, the owner of one of the main British trade houses in South America in the first half of the 19th century. Addressing his partners in Manchester, Fielden Brothers’ textile firm, Hodgson describes at length the latest sales of their goods, and settlement with the insurance company (“Lloyd’s Company of Underwriter”) in a case pertaining to damaged cargo. He also expresses slight critique of the Fielden Brother’s production and suggests some improvements: “By the way I should observe that the width of your Prints is somewhat complained of, & I am sorry to say, I fear with some justice, they being only 23 ½ inches. In your next shipment you may put in a Couple of Cases of handsome furniture patterns. I wish also to give you a few very useful instructions, for your future guidance. Your Magda pollams [?], Irish Shirtings & Platillas may be of double pieces or length, say 48, 48x56 yds. Each <…> Where the packets of patterns are very large, they should be divided into several parcels to avoid any tedious notice of the Customs House <…> In case you should ever have to recommend my Establishment to any new Correspondent, I beg you will not mention my terms of Commission to yourselves… Above all, for my just guidance I beg of you to Invoice your goods at their exact price & do me the justice to believe that I only consult your best Interest when I make this request…”
In a copy of his previous letter from 7th of February 1821 written after the main text Hodgson gives and interesting note on the preferable textiles for the South American market: “The red ground prints are getting out of vogue, and it will not be advisable for you to repeat them. Your next shipment of this article should be <…> red, green, yellow, pale lilac and <…> handsome darkish grounds – all with very bright lively tints. The newest patterns are generally the most favorite. I cannot obtain any tasteful patterns.”
A very interesting and informative letter.
“Hodgson, Robinson & Company (formerly Green & Hodgson) was a major British import/export house trading with South America during the first half of the nineteenth century. The developing markets of South America provided good opportunities for British textile manufacturers and merchants to export their wares, while wool, hides, tallow and dried beef were traded in the opposite direction. James Hodgson went into partnership with Joseph Green of Liverpool in 1818, trading between Britain and Argentina. The partnership was dissolved in 1829 and in the following year Hodgson formed a partnership with John Robinson, his former accountant; both partners were based in Buenos Aires. The partnership lasted until 1844, whereupon James Hodgson returned to Liverpool, although he continued to trade on his own account, and still owned a ranch in the Cordoba province of Argentina” (See: e-catalogue of the John Rylands Library of the University of Manchester).
“The partnership of Fielden Brothers was formed in 1816, based at Waterside Mill in Todmorden, West Yorkshire, and it became one of the most important and profitable textile firms in the country. John Fielden, a practising Unitarian, was elected MP for Oldham in 1832 with William Cobbett. He was known for his radical politics, taking an active part in the movement to limit the hours of factory labour and attempting to get a minimum wage agreement for handloom weavers” (See: e-catalogue of the John Rylands Library of the University of Manchester).


FARRAGUT, David Glasgow (1801-1870)
[Secretarial Copy of an Autographed Letter Signed by David Glasgow Farragut Concerning a Seized Whaler, Copied by his Clerk and Signed by him: "D.E. Farragut, Comd'g."]

La Paz, Mexico, 20 November 1855. Small Folio (ca. 29x20 cm). One page. Brown ink on light blue wove paper. With fold marks and remnants of mounts on recto and verso, but overall a very good letter in a legible hand.
The original letter had been written by United States consular agent Thomas Sprague, addressed to "the commanding officer of any American Man of War." Sprague complained that "General Blancarte has seized the American whale-ship Rebecca Adams, removed the officers and crew on shore, and put them in prison, without any lawful cause. I have demanded their release, but as yet have not been able to procure it. There are also several females among these sufferers. The presence of an armed vessel is required instantly at this Port." The Rebecca Adams had left San Francisco in April 1855, and Starbuck makes no note of this incident or the vessel's eventual return to port (page 532). Farragut's clerk copied out the present copy at the Mare Island Navy Yard in California April 1st 1856, where it was signed by Farragut and forwarded to another officer for response.


MEREDITH, Edmund Allen (1817-1898)
[Autograph Letter Signed “Meredith” to James McFesters, the Mayor of Bowmanville, Regarding Russian Guns Captured During the Crimean War and Transferred to Canada].

Toronto: Secretary’s Office, 19 May 1859. Folio (ca. 33x20,5 cm). 2 pp., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on F.A. Gordon blue laid paper watermarked “1858,” docketed on verso of the second leaf. Fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
An official letter with an interesting subject, written by Edmund Allen Meredith, the Assistant Provincial Secretary of Upper Canada (1847-67), Under-Secretary of State for the Dominion of Canada (1867-73), First Deputy Minister of the Department of the Interior (1873-78).
Addressing James McFesters, the Mayor of Bowmanville (Ontario), Meredith writes: “I have the honour to receive and lay before His Excellency the Governor General your letter of the 17th Instant, enquiring whether any of the Guns captured by the British during the Russian War and forwarded to Canada will be allowed to the Town of Bowmanville. His Excellency desires me to state that until the Members of the Executive Council who are now absent from Toronto, reassemble, His Excellency cannot decide upon the distribution of these Guns. The claim of the Town of Bowmanville will then be considered.”
Thousands of Russian guns and mortars were captured with the fall of Sevastopol on 9 September 1855 marking the end of the Crimean War. The guns were presented to different cities in Britain (Bath, Bradford, Glasgow, Dublin, Edinburgh et al), and were also shipped to Canada, Australia and New Zealand.


HAMILTON, Sir Charles (1767-1849)
[Autograph Letter Signed “Hamilton” Regarding the Naval Career of his Relative, Mr. Edward Ford Hamilton]

31 August ca. 1805. Octavo (ca. 23x18,5 cm). 1 p. Brown ink on white paper watermarked “E. Whilding, 1805”. Mild fold marks, creases and minor tears in the right lower corner, otherwise a very good letter.
A private letter from Sir Charles Hamilton, Admiral, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Newfoundland in 1818-24. “Sir, I have been referred to you by Mr. Robt. Dundas respecting the Cadetship for Mr. Edward Ford Hamilton how serving as Midshipman in the Cornwallis Frigate in the East Indies. He was eighteen years of age last Christmas and there can be no collusion, as he is in his Majesty’s service and on the ships Books, but if there is any information respecting what I ought to do I shall be very much obliged to you to write it to me, as it will not conveniently be in my power to be in London for some weeks, and I shall be much obliged to you to direct to Sir Charles Hamilton at Col. Parkins…”


PEDDER, John (1850-1929) & CAINE, William Sproston (1842-1903)
[Original Ink Drawing of the Niagara River used as an Illustration in W.S. Caine’s "A Trip Around the World in 1887-8," London: Routledge, 1888].

[1887-8]. Ink on paper, ca. 14x17,5 cm (5 ½ x 6 ¾ in). Signed “JP” in the left lower corner, captioned in ink on the lower margin. Recently matted. A very good bright drawing.
Original ink drawing captioned "The Whirlpool Rapids. Niagara" and used as the illustration to p. 31 of Caine’s book. His note on the same page about the then extremely popular daredevils of Niagara Falls: “Niagara appears to have irresistible charms for the fools who enjoy seeing perfomances in which the main attraction is danger to human life. We saw a number of people respectfully surrounding a big but very stupid looking young man. Asking who this was, we were told that he was a hero from Buffalo who had shot the Whirlpool Rapids last week, boxed up in the small hold of a canoe decked over for the purpose. There was no skill displayed in this foolhardy performance, as the hero of it was simply cargo and nothing more, yet scores of people were turning their backs on the grandest scene in the world to gape and stare at this foolish youth”.
W.S. Caine, a British politician and Temperance advocate, travelled around the world with his daughter Hannah in August 1887 - March 1886. He went across the Atlantic Ocean on a steam liner from Liverpool to Quebec, then crossed Canada overland through the Rocky Mountains and British Columbia, went on a steamer from Vancouver to San Francisco and continued his trip to Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ceylon and India. Caine’s numerous sketches and photographs taken during the journey were used as illustrations to his book, some in the original state, and some being reworked “by my old friend, Mr. John Pedder, of Maidenhead, who has evolved the greater portion of the illustrations, with accuracy and artistic skill” (Caine. A Trip around the World, p. X).
John Pedder was an English watercolour artist, a member of the Liverpool Academy and a Secretary of the Liverpool Society of Painters in Watercolours. He actively exhibited at the Royal Academy and the Royal Society of British Artists.
Four other ink drawings used as illustrations for the book and depicting the scenery of British Columbia are now in the B.C. Archives.


Parliament Square, Ottawa. Ont.

Toronto: Lithographed by Rolph, Smith & Co., 1879. Lithographed view ca. 37x65,5 cm (14 ½ x 26 in). Original centre fold, with a couple of minor repaired tears of margin, otherwise a very good view.
Large attractive lithographed view of the newly constructed Parliament Hill. "By 1876, the structures of Parliament Hill were finished, along with the surrounding fence and gates. However, the grounds had yet to be properly designed; Governor General the Marquess of Dufferin and Ava sent chief architect Thomas Scott to New York City to meet with Calvert Vaux and view Central Park. Vaux completed a layout for the landscape of Parliament Hill, including the present day driveways, terraces, and main lawn, while Scott created the more informal grounds to the sides of and behind the buildings" (Wikipedia). The present lithograph shows Parliament Hill shortly after the grounds design had been completed.


STUART, Rev. John (1740-1811)
[Autograph Letter Signed "Jn. Stuart" to His Son, James Stuart, then Personal Secretary of Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada Sir Robert Milnes].

Kingston [Upper Canada], 8 November 1803. Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm). 1 p. (with three lines on verso). Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Fold marks and minor separation on folds, paper age toned at extremities, but overall a very good letter.
An interesting document from one of the prominent loyalist families of the Upper Canada. This is a private letter from the first Anglican missionary in Upper Canada John Stuart to his son James Stuart, then a secretary of Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada, and subsequently Attorney General and Chief Justice of Lower Canada.
Stuart’s main concern in the letter is the fate of his second daughter Mary (then 16 years old), who was to move to Montreal, so James as her older brother was to take care of her: “A sudden opportunity offers today to send Mary to Montreal, under the car of Mr. & Mrs. Hamilton, late Publicans in Queenstown <…> Of course she must remain with Mrs. Reid till she can with Conveniency and Propriety be delivered into Mrs. Mountain’s hands <…> I must depend wholly on you to have her moved to Quebec, when and how you find most expedient and proper <…> I happened to be almost without cash; but I have given her a couple of Half Joes, which will serve her Purpose, till you receive her. I need not say that her Expenditures at Quebec must be regulated by you. Therefore, whatever small Articles of Dress Mrs. Mountain recommends, you will procure and have them charged to me.”
John Stuart also mentions that his sons Charles and George (with his new wife) arrived “in good Health and Spirits.” It’s interesting to see Stuart’s notes about his new daughter-in-law (Lucy Brooks, whose father was to become a governor of Massachusetts in 1816): “She is very small, but I think he has made a judicious choice. The Family is respectable; and if I may judge by the Baggage (two Cart Loads) he must have made a pretty good Bargain in a worldly sense. Indeed, we have every reason to approve of his choice.”
The Reverend John Stuart was the first Anglican missionary in Upper Canada. He was raised and educated in Philadelphia, and came to Canada in 1781 as Chaplain to Sir John Johnson’s Royal Yorkers. He was a schoolmaster in Montreal in 1781-85; Missionary to the Mohawks at the Bay of Quinte and to the Whites in Kingston in 1785-1811; Bishop’s Official for Upper Canada in 1789-1811; Chaplain to the Legislative Council of Upper Canada in 1792-1807. He was the first school master in Upper Canada and he induced Lieutenant-Governor Hope to erect a school house in Kingston.
Sir James Stuart,1st Baronet of Oxford (1780-1853), an important figure in the law and politics of the Upper Canada. He was called to the bar in 1801, served as a secretary for Lieutenant Governor Sir Robert Shore Milnes, was a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Lower Canada for a number of terms in 1808-1816. He supported the Union of Upper and Lower Canada and served as Attorney General for the Lower Canada in 1825-1831. In 1838 he was appointed Chief Justice of Lower Canada; in 1839-1841 was a member of the Special Council to govern the province after the Lower Canada Rebellion.
Mary Stuart (1787-1812), seventh child and second daughter of the Revd. John Stuart and Jane Okill. Married in Kingston on 8 June 1807 the Hon. Charles Jones (1781-1840), M.L.C. Of Brockville, a businessman and politician of the Upper Canada.
George-Okill Stuart (1776-1862), and Anglican clergyman and educator, a Bishop’s Official for Upper Canada (1812-21), archdeacon of Upper Canada (1821-27), archdeacon of Kingston (1827-62), a member of the council for Trinity College (1851), the first dean for the district of Ontario (1862). In October 1803 he married Lucy (1775-1813), the daughter of John Brooks, later governor of Massachusetts (1816-1823).
Charles Stuart (1782-1816), Sheriff of the Midland District (1811?-1815).
For the detailed entries on different members of John Stuart’s family see: Young, A.H. The Revd. John Stuart, D.D., U.E.L. Of Kingston, U.C. And His Family: A Genealogical Study. Kingston, [1920].


Ilhas Carolinas, Conflicto Hispano-Allemao. Arbitrativamente Solvido em Roma a 17 de Dezembro de 1885, Pelo Papa Leao XIII em Mediacao Diplomatica Entre os Contendentes Escolhida. [Caroline Islands, Spanish-German Conflict, Arbitration solved in Rome on December 17, 1885, by Pope Leo XIII in Diplomatic Mediation Chosen by the Contenders].

Porto: A. J. Da Silva Teixeira, 1886. Limited First Edition. Large Octavo. 29, [2] pp. Original publishers light-blue printed wrappers. Covers a little dust soiled and with a couple of small edge chips of rear cover, text mildly browned otherwise a very good copy.
Unnumbered copy of a total edition of 630 copies. "It took about five stopovers by five different European ships before the name "Islas de Carolina" was used to refer to the stretch of islands located south of Guam. The name finally stuck when in 1686, a Spaniard by the name of Francisco Lazcano, named them after King Charles II of Spain who funded the expedition.
Some few Western travellers subsequently visited the islands, but an early visit of missionaries (1732) resulted in one of several murderous attacks on the newcomers; and only in 1875 did Spain, claiming the group, make some attempt to assert her rights. The Caroline Islands were subsequently placed under the Spanish East Indies, administered from the Philippines. Germany, which had occupied Yap, disputed the Spanish claim, and the matter went to the arbitration of Pope Leo XIII in 1885. He decided in favor of Spain, but gave Germany free trading rights. The Spanish did not occupy any island formally until 1886.
Then in 1899 in the German-Spanish Treaty (1899), as a consequence of the Spanish-American War of 1898, Spain sold the islands to Germany for 25,000,000 pesetas or respectively 17 million Marks (nearly 1,000,000 pounds sterling), which administered them as Karolinen, administratively associated with German New Guinea" (Wikipedia).


[CHÁVEZ, Coronado] (1807-1882)
Exposition del Presidente del estado de Honduras a los Centro-Americanos. Año de 1845 [Exposition of the President of the State of Honduras to the Central Americans. Year of 1845].

Comayagua [Honduras]: Imprenta del Estado, [1845]. First Edition. Octavo. [1], 12 pp. Original pamphlet with the title page as wrapper. Minor stains on the title page, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare Honduras imprint as only 6 copies found in Worldcat. The pamphlet contains the speech of the 4th president of Honduras Coronado Chávez to the citizens of the Confederation of Central America (1842-45) dated the 26th of June 1845. The speech is supplemented with the official letter from José Maria Cisneros (Ministerio de Relaciones del Supremo Gobierno des Estado de Honduras) to the general-in-chief of the army of El Salvador regarding the current war between Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua.
"Coronado Chávez was the 4th President of Honduras from 8 January 1845 to 1 January 1847. For the week prior to his taking office he had been a member of the council of ministers that was running Honduras along with Casto Alvaro. <..,> Chávez succeeded in the war with El Salvador, a conflict that ended with the "Sensenti Treaty" in 1847. A conservative, Chávez accompanied General Francisco Ferrera in exile, living in El Salvador until his return to Honduras, where he died at his residence in Comayagua.
Chávez was noted for a decree dated March 10, 1846, issued to support the ‘Literary Academy of Tegucigalpa’ which later became the State University. The Honduras Legislature proclaimed him on March 19, 1846 as ‘Father Conscripto’ (Father of the Nation)" (Wikipedia).


CHARNAY, Claude-Joseph Désiré (1828-1915)
[Autograph Letter Signed “Désiré Charnay” to “Mon cher ami” with the Latest News after his Arrival to Algiers for the Winter Season, the Letter is Decorated with a Printed Vignette Depicting Arab Camel Riders in a Desert].

Algiers, 25 October 1891. Octavo (ca. 18x11,5 cm). 2 pp. Violet ink on thick paper with a printed vignette depicting travellers on camels in a desert. Centrefold mark, otherwise a very good letter.
In a letter to his friend, noted French traveller and archaeologist D. Charnay describes his voyage to Algiers from France and his place of stay in the city: “Our place is 17 Rue Flatters, Alger, Belcourt, 20 minutes from town by train <….> The weather has been very good, 24 to 28 degrees, also my wife is all right, although coughing always a little bit. I’m expecting rain and cold which will be a hardship for her” (in translation). The letter is decorated with an attractive printed vignette reproducing a photo of two Arab camel riders in a desert.
“Claude-Joseph Désiré Charnay was a French traveller and archaeologist notable both for his explorations of Mexico and Central America, and for the pioneering use of photography to document his discoveries. In 1850, he became a teacher in New Orleans, Louisiana, and there became acquainted with John Lloyd Stephens's books of travel in Yucatan. He travelled in Mexico, under a commission from the French ministry of education, in 1857-1861; in Madagascar in 1863; in South America, particularly Chile and Argentina, in 1875; and in Java and Australia in 1878. In 1880-1883, he again visited the ruined cities of Mexico. Pierre Lorillard IV of New York City contributed to defray the expense of this expedition, and Charnay named a great ruined city near the Guatemalan boundary line "Ville Lorillard" in his honor; the name did not stick and the site is more commonly known as Yaxchilan. Charnay went to Yucatan in 1886” (Wikipedia)


SQUIER, Ephraim George (1821-1888)
[Autograph Letter Signed to Samuel Birch regarding tickets to the reading room of the British Museum, and the forthcoming meeting of the Archaeology Department].

Morley, Friday. Small octavo (ca. 18x11 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on laid paper. Fold marks and traces of the old mount on verso, not affecting the text. Overall a very good letter.
A letter by a prominent American archaeologist Ephraim George Squier is addressed to the head of the antiquities department of the British Museum and one of the first British Egyptologists Samuel Birch (1813-1885). In the letter Squier thanks Birch for the tickets to the Reading Room of the Museum and expresses “great pleasure in attending the meeting of the Archy S[ection?] this afternoon”. He adds: “I shall also be happy if I can in any way contribute to the [issue?] of its proceedings.”
Ephraim George Squier was an American archaeologist, author, businessman, editor and diplomat, known for its works about the archaeology of USA, Central and South America: “Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley (1848), “Nicaragua: Its People, Scenery, Monuments” (1852), “Peru: Incidents of Travel and Exploration in the Land of Incas” (1877) et al. Squier worked as a special chargé d'affaires to Guatemala (1849-50), US Commissioner to Peru (1863-65), Consul-General of Honduras at New York City (1868) et al.


153. [CHILE]
TAYLOR, William Rufus
[Autograph Letter Signed by William Rufus Taylor to Lieutenant James Melville Gilliss (1811-1865) U.S. Navy Congratulating Gilliss' on his Successful Expedition i.e., the U.S. Naval Astronomical Expedition to the Southern Hemisphere 1849-52 and thanking him for the "beautiful and interesting books" which were most likely copies of the results of the expedition which were published 1855-6].

Newport R.I., April 17th 1856. Small Quarto (ca. 20x16 cm). One page. Brown ink on wove paper, verso blank. Letter with a minor crease of upper left corner, otherwise in near fine condition.
The letter reads:"My Dear Sir, Upon my return to this place, ten days ago, after an absence of several months, I found here the beautiful and interesting books that you did me the favour to send me. Permit me to offer you my best thanks for this mark of remembrance. I shall read them with much interest. Often during your absence I thought of your labouring in that distant field, & I sincerely congratulate you upon the successful results of your expedition. Will you be pleased to present my respectful compliments to Mrs. Gilliss. Believe me sincere esteem. Yours very truly, Wm. Rufus Taylor."
Gilliss a naval astronomer and founder of the United States Naval Observatory, in August 1848 "succeeded in obtaining $5,000 from Congress for a naval astronomical expedition to Chile. The chief purpose was to determine the solar parallax--and thus the scale of the solar system--by observations of Mars and Venus. From August 1849 until its return in November 1852, Gilliss headed this expedition, again making observations far beyond the original purposes of the expedition and leaving behind the foundation for the Chilean National Observatory" (ANBO). The author of the letter is most likely William Taylor (1821-1902), evangelist and missionary bishop of the Methodist Episcopal church and author of "California Life Illustrated" (pub. 1858) amongst several other books. "Taylor was one of the most energetic and influential missionary leaders in nineteenth-century Methodism. He was especially responsible for the spread of Methodism in Australia, India, South America, and Africa. Among his most notable accomplishments was his commitment to the principle of indigenous leadership and self-supporting churches" (ANBO).


[WETMORE, William Shepard] (1801-1862)
[Four Autograph Signed Letters to William Wetmore from His Business Partners Regarding Market Conditions and Wetmore’s Business Affairs in South America and New York].

Valparaiso, Cadiz and New York, 1832-1837. Four autograph signed letters, all Quartos (ca. 27x20 cm or slightly smaller). In all 10 pp. Of text. Brown ink on folded, all addressed, stamped and docketed on the last blank pages. Fold marks, minor holes on three letters after opening, in one case slightly affecting the text, otherwise a very good collection.
Four interesting letters addressed to noted American merchant William Shepard Wetmore, concerning his business dealings and market conditions in South America and New York. Two letters are written by his business partners in Chile “Alsop and Co” (Valparaiso, 25 April and 29 November 1832); one – by a Cadiz merchant A. Burton “on the instruction of Mr. John Cryder,” another partner of Wetmore (12 February 1833), and one – by a New York merchant Thomas P. Bucklin.
The letters discuss various matters of Wetmore’s trade, including arrival and departure of ships with his cargo, market fluctuations, business climate, quarantines, latest deals etc. The correspondents relate to a number of goods and articles which Wetmore traded with, including silk, copper, mercury (in other letters – quicksilver); the market conditions are reported about flour, sugars, various textiles (shirtings, cotton, silk etc.), tea, soap, gun powder, rice and others. Overall a nice collection of informative business letters regarding the dealings of an important American merchant.
William Shepard Wetmore entered the mercantile business at the age of 14, as an employee of Edward Carrington & Co. Of Providence, Rhode Island. In the 1820s he conducted active trade with the United States, England and South America, in partnership with Valparaiso import merchant Richard Alsop. In 1825 they were joined by Philadelphia native John Cryder. Four years later Wetmore retired and returned to the United States with a large fortune. In 1833-1839 he ran a successful business in Canton, as Wetmore & Co., trading in Chinese tea, silk, opium and other goods. His partners were Samuel Archer and John Cryder. In the 1840s Wetmore worked in New Your, having established a commission merchant firm of Wetmore, Cryder & Co. He retired in 1847 and permanently lived in his famous mansion Chateau-sur-Mer, the first of the Gilded Age mansions in Newport, Rhode Island.


BOUGAINVILLE, Hyacinthe Yves Philippe Potentien, Baron de (1781-1846)
[Private Autograph Note Signed ‘de Bougainville’ to His Friend “cher Henry”].

N.p., 3 August. On a folded Octavo leaf (15,5x10 cm). 1 p. Brown ink on paper, text in French. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
“I have received your letter my dear Henry and may set a date with you for the 16th as it is most convenient for you - you may tell me where we should meet up, whether I should go to the secondary school or to your aunt's and at what sort of time. I believe that it would be better at 5 o'clock at your aunt's, but it will be as you wish. The last letter that I have received from your father was dated May 26th. He was in good health, and has mentioned at last how boring it was for me in Martinique [...]”
“As a young second-class midshipman of eighteen Hyacinthe de Bougainville participated in the 1800-02 Baudin expedition to Australia. Hyacinthe de Bougainville sailed around the world from 1824 to 1826 onboard Thétis and Espérance, sent by the Minister of the Navy and the Colonies, the duc de Clermont-Tonnerre. On 12 January 1825, Hyacinthe de Bougainville led an embassy to Vietnam with Captain Courson de la Ville-Hélio, arriving in Da Nang, with the warships Thétis and Espérance. Although they had numerous presents for the Emperor, and a 28 January 1824 letter from Louis XVIII, the ambassadors could not obtain an audience from Minh Mạng. Hyacinthe de Bougainville infiltrated Father Regéreau from the Thétis when it was anchored in Da Nang, triggering edicts of persecution against Christianity by Minh Mạng. Bougainville visited New South Wales in 1825. That same year, he visited Port Jackson and Sydney where he set up a monument to La Pérouse in Botany Bay” (Wikipedia). Bougainville was a French naval officer (appointed rear admiral in 1838), circumnavigator and ambassador to Vietnam and a son of the first French circumnavigator Louis-Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811).


CABAL, José Maria
[Autograph Letter Signed, Concerning Troop Payments, soon after the Declaration of Columbian Independence in Cartagena].

16 November 1811. Folio (ca. 30x21,2 cm). 1 p. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Text in Spanish in a large, fairly legible hand. Light damp stains, otherwise a very good document.
A letter to the officials of the Superior Gobierno de la Provincia de Popayán (part of the viceroyalty of New Granada) order that soldiers be paid for August, September, and October, in accordance with an attached list. After the southern part of Spain was captured by the French in May 1810 and the Spanish Supreme Central Junta dissolved itself, many areas of Latin America set up Juntas Supremas, including Popayán. Cartagena, on the northern coast of Colombia, established a Junta on May 22, 1810, and Bogotá on July 20, 1810, the date now celebrated as Colombia's Independence Day.


[Elegant Grisaille Watercolour Showing Columbus Landing in America with the Explorer Encouraging his Party to go Forward, and a Group of Native Americans and a Spanish Ship in the Background].

Early 19th century. Grisaille watercolour, pen and ink on laid paper, ca. 12x8 cm (4 ¾ x 3 ¼ in). Recently matted within hand drawn ink border, a very good watercolour.
Fine watercolour showing Christopher Columbus landing in the New World. Apparently the watercolour shows his first landing which took place on October 12, 1492 in San Salvador Island (Guanahani), now in the Bahamas archipelago.
The entry in Columbus journal from the 12 October 1492 describes the natives: "Many of the men I have seen have scars on their bodies, and when I made signs to them to find out how this happened, they indicated that people from other nearby islands come to San Salvador to capture them; they defend themselves the best they can. I believe that people from the mainland come here to take them as slaves. They ought to make good and skilled servants, for they repeat very quickly whatever we say to them. I think they can very easily be made Christians, for they seem to have no religion. If it pleases our Lord, I will take six of them to Your Highnesses when I depart, in order that they may learn our language." He remarked that their lack of modern weaponry and even metal-forged swords or pikes was a tactical vulnerability, writing, "I could conquer the whole of them with 50 men, and govern them as I pleased." (Wikipedia).


[Portrait of Sir Joseph Banks]: Banks.

[Paris]: Charles Motte, [1826]. Lithograph portrait ca. 29x27 cm (11 ½ x 10 ½ in). Lith. De C. Motte. Blind stamp "Contemporains Etrangers" under the image. With some mild edge wear, otherwise a very good wide margined lithograph.
Lithograph portrait of Sir Joseph Banks published as a part of "Contemporains etrangers, ou Recueil iconographique des etrangers les plus celebres dans la Politique, la Guerre, les Lettres, les Sciences et les Arts depuis 1779 jusqu'a nos jours" (Paris, 1826, 32 plates).
"Sir Joseph Banks, 1st Baronet, GCB, PRS (1743-1820) was an English naturalist, botanist and patron of the natural sciences. He took part in Captain James Cook's first great voyage (1768-1771). Banks is credited with the introduction to the Western world of eucalyptus, acacia, mimosa and the genus named after him, Banksia. Approximately 80 species of plants bear Banks's name. Banks was also the leading founder of the African Association, a British organization dedicated to the exploration of Africa, and a member of the Society of Dilettanti, which helped to establish the Royal Academy" (Wikipedia).


159. [CUBA - HAVANA]
HARVEY, Robert (1848-1920)
[Original Watercolour View of the Morro Castle in Havana].

1905. Watercolour on paper, heightened in white. Ca. 17,5x25,5 cm (7x10 in). Mounted on period grey cardboard ca. 27,5x38,5 cm (10 ¾ x 15 in). Captioned in pencil on verso "Moro Castle. Havana, Cuba, April 1905" and with additional caption on the lower margin of the mount “Entrance to Havana, Cuba”. A near fine watercolour.
Morro Castle (Castillo de los Tres Reyes Magos del Morro) is a picturesque fortress guarding the entrance to Havana bay in Havana, Cuba (Wikipedia).


DUPETIT-THOUARS, Abel Aubert, Vice Admiral (1793-1864)
[Autograph Note Signed 'A. Du Petit Thouars" Advising His Correspondent to Arrive at the Ministry of the Navy the Next Day with His Hydrographic Album].

Paris, 6 October 1845. Large Quarto bifolium (ca. 27x20,5 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on paper, text in French. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
A short note by Du Petit Thouars, who played an important part in France’s annexation of the French Polynesia. Dupetit Thouars informs the addressee that according to the letter from the Minister of the Navy, he has to come to the cabinet of the Minister tomorrow at 11:30 in the morning with his ‘hydrographic album’.
Abel Aubert Dupetit Thouars became "Capitaine de vaisseau" on 6 January 1834, and accomplished a circumnavigation between 1836 and 1839 on the Venus. In 1834 he played a key role in protecting French shipping interests against the Peruvians. In 1841 as the commander of the French naval squadron in the Pacific, Dupetit Thouars occupied the Marquesas and a year later signed a protectorate treaty with Tahitian queen Pomare IV. This lead to the confrontation with English missionary and consul in Tahiti, George Pritchard (1796-1883) who was expelled in 1844, and a French protectorate was proclaimed in Tahiti. Dupetit Thouars “was initially denounced for his actions by the French government, which feared a conflict with Great Britain. Relations between France and Great Britain soured considerably during the reign of Louis-Philippe, due to this "Pritchard Affair" (Wikipedia). Dupetit-Thouars became a vice admiral in 1846 and retired in 1858.


WEIGEL, Christoph (the Elder) (1654-1725)
[Two Maps of the French Antilles] Insulae Antillae Franciae Inferiores commentariis manuscriptis et variis navigantium observationibus descriptae a Petito Geometra Regio. Editore Christophoro Weigelio Noribergae; [With:] Insulae Antillae Franciae Superiores cum Vicinis Insulis ex Commentariis Manuscriptis et Varus Navigantium Observationibus descriptae a Petito Geometra Regio. Editore Christophoro Weigelio Norib.

Nuremberg: Christoph Weigel, 1718. Copper engraved maps, period outline hand coloured. Printed image size each 32 x 36 cm (12.5x 14 inches). "Superiores" map with mild foxing, otherwise very good wide margined maps.
The maps are most likely from "Schul- und Reisen Atlas" (Nuremberg, together with Johann David Koehler, 1718; 140 maps). Each map is complete with its own borders, but the compass rose is split between the two maps. These map include the Islands of Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique, St. Lucia, Barbados, St. Vincent and Grenada. Christoph (the Elder) Weigel was a goldsmith, engraver, illustrator and publisher with Johann David Koehler, who had settled in Nuremburg in 1698. Tooley Mapmakers vol. Q-Z, p.367.


162. [HAITI]
THÉVENARD, Antoine Jean Marie, rear Admiral (1733-1815)
[Autograph Letter Signed “Thevenard” Regarding Packages from the French Minister of the Navy to be Sent to the Colony of Saint-Domingue].

Lorient, 1 December 1789. Small Octavo (ca. 20x16,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid bluish paper. Mild fold marks, but overall a very good letter.
An interesting letter from French politician and naval officer Antoine Jean Marie Thévenard, written in the first year of the French Revolution of 1789. He served during the reign of Louis XVI, being for a short time the Minister of the Navy and the Colonies (May-September 1791), and commanded the French Republican fleets in Brest, Toulon, and Rochefort after 1793. Thévenard continued his service during the Napoleonic Wars and after the Bourbon Restoration and was buried at the Panthéon de Paris.
In a letter to his friend Thévenard asks him to send “five packages from the minister and a few other things which have just been delivered to me and are to be shipped out” on the vessels bound for the French colonies of Saint-Domingue and Martinique. “I do not have much opportunity to travel to the colonies whereas it is an everyday occurrence [for you]. Please would you be kind enough, Monsieur, to take advantage of the most convenient time, and what you may deem the safest way to pass those letters on?” Thévenard notes that he will inform “monsieur de la Luzerne” about the shipment and asks his friend to write on which ship the packages would be sent.
Most likely, he mentions César Henri Guillaume de La Luzerne (1737-1799) who was governor-general of the French colony in Saint-Domingue in 1785-1787 and French Secretary of State for the Navy in 1787-1790.
Two manuscript notes in a different hand written on top of the first page of the letter state that “Three parcels to Saint-Domingue were handed over to monsieur Collines, captain of Le Patriote,” and “Three other parcels handed over to M. Bichon, captain of Le Therese, which is heading to Guadeloupe.”


HONDIUS, Jodocus (1563-1612) & MERCATOR, Gerardus (1512-94)
[Map Titled:] Hondius his Map of Hispaniola, Cuba, etc.

London: Printed by William Stansby for Henrie Fetherstone, 1625. Uncoloured copper engraved map ca. 14,5x18 cm (5 ½ x 7 in). Right margin of map very slightly cropped otherwise a very good map.
This map was originally published in Mercator's Atlas Minor and is reissued here on a text leaf from the third part of Purchas His Pilgrimes in Five Bookes, London, 1625. Purchas His Pilgrimes is a "great geographical collection [which] is a continuation and enlargement of Haklyut's The Principal Navigations"(Hill 1403). Jodocus Hondius "was a Dutch engraver, and cartographer. He is best known for his early maps of the New World and Europe, for re-establishing the reputation of the work of Gerard Mercator, and for his portraits of Francis Drake. He helped establish Amsterdam as the center of cartography in Europe in the 17th century" (Wikipedia). Tooley's Mapmakers E-J p.364-5.


PIM, Bedford Clapperton Trevelyan (1826-1886)
[Autograph Letter Signed "Bedford Pim" to Don Carlos Gutierrez (1818-1882), Minister Plenipotentiary, Honduras Government, with the Latter’s Signed Note, Countersigned by Pim in Receipt].

London: 2 Crown Office Row, Temple, E.C., 15 July 1872. Quarto (ca. 22,5x19,5 cm (9 x 7 ½ in).Four pages with only two filled in. Laid watermarked paper with printed address letterhead and a penny Inland Revenue stamp on the second page; text written in ink in a legible hand. Paper mildly sunned and aged, and with folds, but overall the letter is in a very good condition.
Captain Bedford Pim, R.N. Was a British naval officer, who "In June 1859 he was appointed to the Gorgon, for service in Central America. While stationed off Grey Town he originated and surveyed the Nicaraguan route for an isthmian canal through Mosquito and Nicaragua. While on the station he purchased a bay on the Atlantic shore, for which he was censured by the lords of the Admiralty in May 1860." (Oxford DNB).
This letter concerns his salary as "Special Commissioner of Honduras" to which he was appointed to on the "23rd of May." Proposing payment "on the quarter days usual in this country," Pim includes the details of the first two proposed payments and "Incidental expenses." The letter is docketed, at the foot of the second page, "in the name & on behalf of the Honduras Government & as Minister Plenipotentiary." and signed "Carlos Gutierrez." Countersigned by Pim in receipt of £550 over a penny Inland Revenue stamp, and dated 23 July 1872.


[An Official Despatch Signed “John Bidwell” to Mr. Walter Cope, Esq., British Consul in Guayaquil regarding the Project of “Direct Communication between Great Britain and the Western Coast of South America” via Panama].

London, Foreign Office, 15 February 1836. Folio (ca. 31x20 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on blueish watermarked laid paper. Secretarial ink numbers on top of the recto. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
An official despatch from the senior clerk of the Foreign Office John Bidwell to the British Consul in Guayaquil Walter Cope regarding the establishment of a new line of communication between the Great Britain and the Pacific coast of South America via Panama, instead of the long route around Cape Horn. This project was vividly discussed by the British merchants and residents of Lima, Callao and Valparaiso in 1836; and eventually a project of William Wheelwright won, with a proposal of a steamship line between Valparaiso and the Isthmus of Darien, and a mule and canoe transportation further to Chagres on the Atlantic coast. Wheelwright’s Pacific Steam Navigation Company was founded in 1838, becoming the first commercial steamship line in the Pacific.
In the despatch Bidwell refers to a copy of the letter sent by Viscount Palmerston to the British Consul at Panama on "the subject of opening through that Point, a direct communication between Great Britain and the Western Coast of South America", asking Cope for a report on the "general expediency and practicability of the arrangement and upon the several points enumerated in the enclosure, so far as the same are applicable to the place of your residence, and the district within your jurisdiction". Cope was also required to communicate with “Mr. Consul Turner, with whom will rest in a great measure the carrying this plain into operation”.
A detailed description the project of the steamship communication along the Pacific Coast of South America, together with texts of the original supplementary documents was published in P.C. Scarlett’s “South America and the Pacific, Comprising a Journey across the Pampas and the Andes <…> to which are annexed Plans and Statements for establishing Steam Navigation on the Pacific” (London, 1838, 2 vols.).


HONDIUS, Jodocus (1563-1612) & MERCATOR, Gerardus (1512-94)
[Map Titled:] Hondius his Map of the Magellan Streight - Fretum Magellani.

London: Printed by William Stansby for Henrie Fetherstone, 1625. Uncoloured copper engraved map ca. 13x17,5 cm (5 x 6 ½ in). A near fine map.
This map was originally published in Mercator's Atlas Minor and is reissued here on a text leaf from the third part of Purchas His Pilgrimes in Five Bookes, London, 1625. Purchas His Pilgrimes is a "great geographical collection [which] is a continuation and enlargement of Haklyut's The Principal Navigations" (Hill 1403). Jodocus Hondius "was a Dutch engraver, and cartographer. He is best known for his early maps of the New World and Europe, for re-establishing the reputation of the work of Gerard Mercator, and for his portraits of Francis Drake. He helped establish Amsterdam as the center of cartography in Europe in the 17th century"(Wikipedia). Tooley's Mapmakers E-J p.364-5.


NARES, Sir George Strong, Vice-Admiral, R.N. (1831-1915)
[Autograph Note Signed "G. S. Nares"; with a Woodbury Printed Portrait of Nares and His Biography, both from the "Men of Mark: a Gallery of Contemporary Portraits…" by T. Cooper].

HMS Alert, Sheerness, 27 August 1878. 12mo bifolium (ca. 15x10 cm). 1 p. Brown ink on laid paper with a crossed letterhead of "Stoneham House, Winchester". Mild centrefold mark, otherwise a very good note. Portrait: woodbury print in oval, ca. 11,5x9 cm. By Loch & Whitfield.
A brief note written by Sir George Nares shortly before his departure for a survey of the Magellan Strait in 1878-1879 simply says “Dear Sir, I am pleased to grant your request”. The note was written on board of HMS Alert, one of the two ships from Nares’ 1875-76 Arctic expedition, recommissioned for a survey of the Strait of Magellan on 20 August 1878. The note is supplemented with a printed biography and a woodbury printed portrait of George Nares, from the third series (1878) of “Men of Mark: a gallery of contemporary portraits of men distinguished in the Senate, the Church, in science, literature and art, the army, navy, law, medicine, etc. Photographed from life by Lock and Whitfield, with brief biographical notices by Thompson Cooper” (London, 1876-1883).


GAMBIER, James, Sir, Admiral of the Fleet (1756-1833)
[Autograph Letter Signed “Gambier” to Vice Admiral Sir John Duckworth “off Ushant”, About the Admiralty’s Orders that “Lieutenant Brompton to be discharged from St. George, without waiting to be superceded with directions to join the Neptune immediately”].

Caledonia in Hamoze, 21 September 1808. Folio (ca. 31,5x20 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on Whatman laid paper watermarked ‘1806’; numbered and docketed in secretarial hand on verso. Written in secretarial hand and signed by Gambier. A fine letter.
This official letter was signed by Admiral of the Fleet James Gambier, when he was the commander of the Channel Fleet of the Royal Navy (1808-1811), and addressed to Admiral Sir John Thomas Duckworth (1747-1817), then the second in command of the Mediterranean Fleet. The letter concerns the transfer of one of Gambier’s officers from his flagship HSM Royal George (1788) to HSM Neptune (1797), a 98-gun second rate ship of the line. She was just about to embark to the West Indies where she would become the flagship of the British invasion to the French colony of Martinique in January 1809 under command of Rear-Admiral Alexander Cochrane. Gambier wrote the letter on board HMS Caledonia (1808), a 120-gun first-rate ship of the line, which had been launched earlier that year at Plymouth.
Sir James Gambier also was the Governor of Newfoundland (1802-1804), and a Lord of the Admiralty. He participated in the American War of Independence, gained the distinction in the Glorious First of June in 1794, and commanded the naval forces in the campaign against Copenhagen (1807) and in the Battle of the Basque Roads (1809). Gambier was a founding benefactor of Kenyon College in the United States, so the town that was founded with it, Gambier, Ohio is named after him. Mount Gambier, South Australia, the extinct volcano and the later city, and the Gambier Island in British Columbia are also named after him (Wikipedia).
Sir John Thomas Duckworth “served during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as the Governor of Newfoundland during the War of 1812, and a member of the British House of Commons during his semi-retirement. Serving with most of the great names of the Royal Navy during the later 18th and early 19th centuries, he fought almost all of Britain's enemies on the seas at one time or another, including a Dardanelles operation that would be remembered a century later during the First World War. He commanded at the Battle of San Domingo, the last great fleet action of the Napoleonic Wars” (Wikipedia).


PALLU DE LA BARRIERE, Léopold Augustine Charles, Rear Admiral (1828-1891)
[Autograph Note Signed ‘Pallu’ Written when he was the Governor of French New Caledonia].

Noumea [New Caledonia], 30 January 1884. Small octavo bifolium (ca. 17,5x11 cm). 1 p. Black ink on watermarked laid paper, text in French. A very good note.
A short note making an appointment by Léopold Augustine Charles Pallu de La Barriere written in Noumea, the capital of the French New Caledonia, during his service there as its governor (29 September 1882 - 22 July 1884). Pallu de la Barrierwas a French naval officer, ‘capitaine de vaisseau’ (1870), rear admiral (1887); he participated in the military actions in the Crimea, China and Cochinchina and was the author of several books including ‘Histoire de L’Expedition de Cochinchine en 1861’ (Paris, 1864). During his governance of New Caledonia, Pallu de la Barriere tried to settle numerous convicts by giving them land concessions and actively employing them for road construction in the interior, and “if he was not absolutely the best, was, at any rate, the most popular Governor who ever administered New Caledonia. While ruling with a firm hand - and it needs a firm hand in Noumea generally - Admiral de la Barriere had a tender spot in his heart, and both peccant officials and obstreperous convicts felt the softness of his official touch at times” (The Colonies and India, 21 February 1891, p. 9).
New Caledonia became the French colony in 1853 and is nowadays a special collectivity of France. In the 19th century it was known as a penal colony and a major centre of nickel and gold mining.


GUILLEMARD, Francis Henry Hill (1852-1933)
[Autograph Letter Signed with Interesting Notes about South African Tsama (Citron Melon) and a Gratitude to His Correspondent for “your kindly criticism of the Marchesa”].

Old Mill House, Trumpington, Cambridge, 15 September 1902. Octavo (ca. 20,5x12,5 cm). Brown ink on paper, letterhead of the Mandeville Hotel. Fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
An interesting letter by British traveller, writer and naturalist Francis Guillemard, written to a fellow colleague, with some noteworthy details about tsama, or citron melon. Tsama is native to the Kalahari Desert of South Africa, where it has been traditionally used as a source of water during dry seasons. Guillemard obviously got acquainted with tsama when serving in South Africa as a doctor during the First Boer War (1880-1881).
“I was most interested in your information that the tsama grows as far south as Graaf-Reinet [Eastern Cape Province, South Africa]: I had no idea it flourished away from the true desert. I must turn up your reference to Livingstone when I get back to Cambridge. I had forgotten that he mentioned it. My boys could tell at once which were bitter and which sweet melons. As you say, our cucumbers are sometimes bitter (I have an idea that both sweet and bitter come off the same plant, but am not sure of this) but the difference of degree in bitterness is astonishing in the tsama. The fruit seems to be either as bitter as gall or quite tasteless”. In the end Guillemard thanks his correspondent “for your kindly criticism of the Marchesa: it is pleasant to get these little appreciatory words”.
Guillemard “travelled widely, visiting Lapland, the Southern African interior, Madeira and the Canaries, South-East Asia and throughout Europe. He was present at the first Boer War, 1881, and also made visits to Cyprus, founding the Cyprus Exploration Fund. He was elected University Reader in Geography, Cambridge, in 1888, and served as Geographical Editor of the Cambridge University Press. His published works include 'The Life of Ferdinand Magellan and the First Circumnavigation of the Globe, 1480-1521' (London, 1890).” (F.H.H. Guillemard/ Janus: Online catalogue of Cambridge archives and manuscripts). In 1882-1884 he participated in a zoological expedition in the yacht Marchesa‚ visiting the Far East, the Philippines, New Guinea and most of the chief islands of the Malay Archipelago. He brought back large zoological collections from the voyage and published “The cruise of the Marchesa” in 1886.


[Puzzle Map Titled:] Amerique du Nord.

Paris: M.D. Editeur, ca. 1890. Colour lithographed map mounted on wood ca. 32x42,5 cm (12 ½ x 17 in.) and dissected into 48 puzzle pieces. Puzzle pieces backed with blue paper. A few spot of soiling but overall the map puzzle is in very good condition.
This attractive map puzzle dates from around 1890, going by the existence of states like Washington etc. and districts like Assinoiboia.


[Album with 50 Original Photographs of British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest including the 1905 Portland Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition].

Ca. 1900s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 14x20 cm). 50 black stock leaves with 50 mounted gelatin silver prints, each ca. 7,5x10 cm (3 x 3 3/8 in). The majority with period ink captions in the corners of the images. Original black cloth album. A few images slightly faded, several with silvering on the margins, six with bigger or smaller defects of the negatives, but overall a very good album.
Album with some interesting unusual photos of British Columbia and the American northwest coast. The B.C. Images concentrate on the Kootenays area, showing Nelson from the wharf, Kootenay Lake (four photos, including a view of the landing site), Trout Lake in the West Kootenays (five photos, including a view of logging on the lake), the historic Windsor Hotel on the Trout Lake (built in 1892 and still working), portraits of local residents posing in front of their house, with a fish catch, and on massive tree stumps.
The images of the U.S. West coast include a view of Northport on the Columbia River (Washington State), and a series of photos taken at the Lewis and Clark Centennial exposition (Portland, Oregon, 1905) and showing: U.S. Government Building and the Bridge of Nations, Forestry Building, Oriental Building, buildings of the states of Massachussetts, Washington, New York and Idaho, Grand Stairway, totem poles, sunken gardens, a photo of a military band and a company next to the Government Building, view of the “Trail,” sculptures, e.g. “Cowboy at rest,” and others. There are also bird’s-eye view of Portland, photo of hotel “Estacada” near Portland, four prairie scenes in Montana, views of the bad lands in the Washington State, and St. Paul’s (Mississippi). Overall a very good album.


173. [OREGON]
PARKER, Samuel (1779-1866)
Map of Oregon Territory.

Utica, NY: Engraved M.M. Peabody, 1838. Copper engraved map ca. 35x58,5 cm (14x23 in). Map with original fold marks but in very good condition overall.
This map was created to show Parker's "journey with a fur-trading party in 1835 to Walla Walla. The map was the first one of the interior of the Oregon Territory to be done with any accuracy"(Hill 1304); "Samuel Parker was a missionary who accompanied a fur-trading party on an expedition from Council Bluffs, Iowa to the Oregon Territory. At the time, the region was claimed by both the British and the United States and was little known except to the fur-traders. Parker's map, based on both personal observation and reports of the fur-traders of the Hudson Bay Company, is a landmark in the mapping of the region. The map provides an excellent view of the river systems and tribal territory. It shows several forts, including an early depiction of Fort Hall. The map extends to include much of present-day Canada" (Old World Auctions).


DIXON, George (1748?-1795)
To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners ... This Chart of the North West Coast of America, with the Tracks of the King George and Queen Charlotte in 1786 & 1787...

London: W. Harrison & J. Reid, 24 December 1788. Uncoloured copper engraved map ca. 88,5x58 cm (34 ½ x 23 in). Copper engraved chart on laid paper with original centrefold. Backed, with a few tears and chips repaired and backing extending the lower margin, otherwise in very good condition.
Large chart of the West coast of North America from Nootka Sound to the Alaska Peninsula, from Dixon’s "A Voyage Round the World; but more Particularly to the North-West Coast of America" (London, 1789). "In 1785-87 [Dixon] sailed with Nathaniel Portlock for the King George’s Sound Company, which had been established <..,> for trading furs from the northwest coast of America to China. With the ships King George (under Portlock) and Queen Charlotte (under Dixon) they <..,> arrived on the Alaskan coast in July 1786. After wintering in the Sandwich Islands (winter 1786-87), the two captains returned to northern waters, visiting the Cook Inlet, Prince William Sound, the Alaskan mainland and the Queen Charlotte Islands. Dixon disposed of his cargo and returned to England in 1788, the following year publishing his popular Voyage Round the World. The bulk of the book consists of descriptive letters by William Beresford, his supercargo, but it contains valuable charts and appendices by Dixon himself. Dixon is generally credited with the discovery of the Queen Charlotte Islands (which were named after his ship), as well as Port Mulgrave, Norfolk Bay, Dixon’s Archipelago the Dixon Entrance, and several other features also bearing the name of his ship" (Howgego, to 1800, D58); Wagner 732; Lada-Mocarski 43.


MENDENHALL, Thomas Corwin (1841-1924)
North West Coast of America and Inland Passages from Olympia, Washington to Mt. St. Elias, Alaska.

U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey, 1891. Large printed folding map, dissected and linen backed, ca. 163x53 cm (64 ¼ x 20 ¾ in). Scale 1:1,200,000. Attached to the original card and marbled paper folder with brown sheep spine and gilt lettered title label on the front board. Bookplate of Edward W. Allen attached to the verso of the front board. Spine neatly repaired, map with a couple minor tears on the folds; overall a very good map.
This rare map, “based chiefly upon the work of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey and with some compilations from Russian and British Admiralty Charts” presents a detailed and impressive picture of the Alaskan coast, indicating soundings (in fathoms), ferry routes, lighthouses, major mountains and their heights, as well as the preliminary border line between BC and Alaska.
Thomas Corwin Mendenhall was an American autodidact physicist and meteorologist. During his time in the office as the superintendent of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (since 1889) Mendenhall was responsible for defining the exact national boundary between the United States (Alaska) and Canada. The Mendenhall Valley and glacier in Juneau, Alaska was named after him in 1892 (See more: Wikipedia).


HAMACHER, Ephraim J. (1857-1935)
[Collection of Two Original Photograph Views of Whitehorse, Each Titled:] Whitehorse, June 11, 1913.

1913. Two unmounted gelatin silver prints, each ca. 19,5x25 cm (7 ¾ x 9 ¾ in). Titled and signed “E.J. Hamacher” in negative. Minor creases and tears on extremities, with minor losses, but overall very good bright photos.
Two attractive panoramic views of the young growing community of Whitehorse taken by the renowned local photographer E.J. Hamacher, who was later credited for accomplishing the most comprehensive visual history of the early years of Whitehorse. The photos taken from the clay cliffs surrounding the town show the main outline of Whitehorse with the Yukon River and the wharf with the sternwheelers in the foreground, followed by the streets, the residential area and the church; distant snow-capped hills of the Coast Mountains are seen in the background.
“Ephraim J. Hamacher (or E.J. As he was commonly called) was born June 10, 1857 in Kitchener, Ontario and was living in Yakima, Washington when news of the Klondike Gold Rush broke out. He moved north, and in 1898 set up a photography studio in Bennett City, B.C. In April 1900 Hamacher moved to Whitehorse, Yukon and operated a general merchandise and photographic store selling his own prints as well as photography equipment and supplies. Hamacher became known as "The Whitehorse Photographer". He was involved in many community activities including hunting, fishing, curling and playing piccolo in the town band. E.J. Hamacher died in Whitehorse on November 1, 1935” (E.J. Hamacher Collection/Yukon Archives online).
“Hamacher worked in Washington and Oregon possibly as early as the 1870s (Mautz, 1997). By the summer of 1898, according to Becker, he was left in charge of Hegg's " studio" at Lake Bennett while Hegg, P.E. Larss and others carried on to Dawson. Hamacher was assisted by Florence Hartshorn” (Camera Workers: The British Columbia, Alaska & Yukon Photographic Directory online, vol. 1).


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