December 2015 - Americas, the Pacific & the Polar Regions - Part 2

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58. [ALASKA - NOME GOLD RUSH]
SHERZER, Edwin B.
[Autograph Letter Signed "Edwin" from Sherzer to his Fiancé Clara Miller in St. Louis MO. Dated Nov. 1, 1900. Sherzer].
Nome, Alaska, Nov. 1, 1900. With 6 1/2 large octavo pages of text on rectos in dark brown ink on beige thin wove paper (20 - 25 lines per page), with the last sheet having half the verso filled in pencil. Letter accompanied by addressed & stamped envelope, postmarked Nome , AK, Nov. 2 1900. Paper with some very mild age toning but overall letter and envelope in very good original condition.
Missouri natives Sherzer and his brother were two of Nome's first postal workers and also operated a dog sledding business in Nome. In this interesting content rich letter from the first year of the Gold Rush in Nome, Sherzer describes his everyday life in Nome to his Fiancé and also in detail his dog sledding business: "We have had lots of snow and everything is on runners and everybody riding. There was a fine trail made on the river in front of our cabin and we called it the race course. The dogs would simply fly over it and we were sitting back on the sled had great fun.., you see women all wrapped up in furs seated in a basket sled with a team of 5 or 6 dogs running along with them. I have found it fine sport, but brother says just wait till you get out on the trail and it is work, then you won’t enjoy it so much.., We have both been working in the Post Office but that only lasted until Nov. 1. However, we would not have stayed anyway as we have our assessment work to do before January and we can also make more money with our dog team. Four or five persons have tried to buy the dogs from us already and one fellow wanted to hire them but we wouldn’t let any of them go as we have a fine team and have not been keeping them all summer for nothing."

 

59. [AMERICAN CIVIL WAR]
ROBERTSON, George R. (circa 1829-1862)
Archive of Four Autograph Letters Signed "George D. Robertson, John Cosgrove" Lincoln Cavalry Letters to Matthew Cosgrove, all on Colour Patriotic Letter Sheets Discussing Life in the 1st New York Cavalry.
Various Places, Jan.-Mar. 1862. Octavo (20x12,5 cm). Total 14 pages. Brown ink on beige colour patriotic letter sheets, including one Magnus "For the Union" sheet depicting the Massachusetts. Some mild damp staining but overall a very good archive.
This archive describes life in the 1st New York Cavalry, the "Lincoln Cavalry" formed in New York City by Carl Schurz. All of the letters are written in the first-person singular, but bear the same unusual closing in one hand: "Your friend and brother, George D. Robertson, John Cosgrove." The letters make frequent reference to "Jack," and one bears a postscript from G.D.R. Apparently, Robertson wrote these often humorous letters at the behest of John Cosgrove, an Irish immigrant who was presumably illiterate. The last of these letters offers a perhaps exaggerated account of an action near Manassas: "Drove in the Reble pickets, 14 of our boys charged on about 150 rebles, routed them & took 13 prisoners... We scared them so bad that they did not stop running till they were 20 miles beyond Manassas" (16 March 1862).
John Cosgrove (born circa 1836) and George D. Robertson (circa 1829-1862) both served in the 1st New York Cavalry, Company A, with Private Cosgrove surviving his three-year enlistment. Robertson reached the rank of sergeant before being fatally wounded; he died in a hospital in Chambersburg, PA in October 1862. "The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as First Manassas (the name used by Confederate forces), was fought on July 21, 1861, in Prince William County, Virginia, near the city of Manassas, not far from Washington. The Union forces were slow in positioning themselves, allowing Confederate reinforcements to arrive by rail. Each side had about 18,000 poorly trained and poorly led troops in their first battle. It was a Confederate victory followed by an embarrassing retreat of the Union forces. It was the first major land battle of the American Civil War" (Wikipedia).


60. [AMERICAS]
MERCATOR, Michael (c. 1567-1600)
[Map of the Americas Titled:] America sive India Nova.
Duisburg, ca. 1607. Second Latin Edition. An attractive copper engraved map ca. 36,5x45,5 cm (14 ½ x 18 ½ in). Map age-toned, slightly more around centerfold, but overall a very good strong impression with wide margins.
"After the death of the great Gerard Mercator in 1594 it was left to his son Rumold to publish the last of three parts that formed his famous atlas, the Atlantis Pars Altera. The atlas was finished with a number of maps engraved by various descendants of Gerard. The task of the American map was given to his grandson Michael. The only printed map known to be by him, it is beautifully engraved. It is not well known that he was the engraver of the famous Drake silver medal of 1589. At that time he was resident in London.
It is a hemispherical map contained within an attractive floral design, and surrounded by four roundels, one of which contains the title. The other three contain maps of the gulf of Mexico, Cuba and Hispaniola, all spheres of Spanish influence. The general outline is largely taken from Rumold Mercator's world map of 1587, with a little more detail added. A few of the most famous theories are still present: a large inland lake in Canada, two of the four islands of the North Pole, a bulge to the west coast of South America and the large southern continent. It does not show any knowledge of the English in Virginia, which is possibly a reflection of their failure by then. A large St. Lawrence river is shown originating half way across the continent" (Burden 87); Canada 644; Koeman I, 9000:1A; Tooley K-P p. 238-40; Wagner 179.

 
 

61. [ARCTIC - FRAM’S VOYAGE]
[Souvenir Photo Album with 54 Platinum Phototype Views of Norway by Samuel J. Beckett, Supplemented with 22 Original Photos by a British Traveller to Norway, Including an Image of the Famous Research Ship Fram Taken During Fridtjof Nansen’s North Pole Expedition of 1893-96].

London: Waterlow & Sons, ca. 1890s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 15x24 cm). 54 card leaves. With 54 platinum phototypes ca. 11x16 cm (4 3/8 x 6 3/8 in), all with printed captions on the mounts; ten captioned, two also signed in negative. With 22 original gelatin silver prints, from ca. 13,5x20 cm (6x8 in) to ca. 7,5x10 cm (3x4 in), including seven full-page images. All with period ink captions on the mounts. Original publisher's dark green cloth album with gilt stamped title “Souvenir Series of Norwegian Views” on the front board, all edges gilt. Minor staining on the lower edge of the rear board, one card leaf loosely inserted, but overall a very good album.
This interesting album was compiled during a voyage along the Norwegian coast to the North Cape by a group of British tourists on S.S. Rollo, Wilson Line (launched in 1870). Having acquired this souvenir album of Norwegian views, its owner supplemented it with twenty-two of his own photographs made during the voyage and in most cases corresponding with the respective views in the album.
The original photographs show S.S. Rollo (off Sunndal) and travellers on board the ship; their hike to the Folgefonna glaciers (a series of five photos, including group portraits of the travelling party “starting from Sundal for the “Folgefond” and during a picnic on the way to the Folgefonna; three images of them crossing the glacier), views taken “on the Voss Railway,” showing the Sorfjorden, the Naerodal Pass from Stalheim Hotel, village of Merok, Torghatten mountain, the town of Molde taken from above and “showing heights around fjord,” Lower and Upper Lerfos waterfalls near Trondheim, a view of the fjords under “the midnight sun,” “a cod liver oil factory at Hammerfest,” and a family group of “Laplanders with reindeer.” The album closes with a photo of the party “climbing to the top of the North Cape,” and the final “group taken on North Cape at Midnight.”
Very interesting is the original photo of “Dr. Fridtjof Nansen’s ship the Fram, bound for the North. 310 tons, length 128 ft., breadth 36 ft., depth 16 ft. Passed her at Meloe, latitude 66°48,” longitude 13°20” East. July 9, 1893.” This was the famous Nansen’s Fram expedition (1893-1896) which attempted to reach the North Pole with the help of the Arctic ice drift. Fram was on its way to the Laptev Sea, having left Christiania on the 24 June 1893. The geographical point mentioned in the manuscript note is actually Meloya Island, northern Norway.
The platinum phototypes based on the photos by Samuel J. Beckett include views of Stavanger, Sundal, Odde, Begren, Vossevangen, Tvinde, Vinje, Stalheim, Merok, Molde, Trondheim, Tromso, Hammerfest, the North Cape, Folgefonna glaciers, numerous fjords, waterfalls, cliffs, the Voss railway, Norwegian folk costumes, portraits of peasants performing various agricultural works, native carriages and boats et al.

 

62. [ARCTIC - NORTHWEST PASSAGE]
[Collection of Four Related Autograph Letters Signed by John Franklin, Frederick William Beechey, John Richardson and John D. Hunter, Apparently Addressed to Nicholas Garry, Deputy Governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company).

Four ALS, all dated by days of the week but without a year, but 1824. Three Small Octavos (ca. 18x11,5 cm), and one small note ca. 9,5x11 cm. Each 1 page, brown ink on paper. One with a pencil written list of names on verso. All with old identical guards on verso, indicating that the letters were mounted together in an album. Very good letters.
An interesting collection of original letters by noted Arctic explorers, apparently all related to meetings to make preparations for the 1824-25 voyages to find the Northwest Passage. Three letters were written by the members of two corresponding expeditions to the region: John Franklin and John Richardson, who explored the shores of the Arctic Ocean west and east of the Coppermine River in 1825-1827, and Frederick William Beechey, who explored the Bering Strait from the west in 1825-1828, in an attempt to meet Franklin’s expedition. In his letter Franklin also mentions George Francis Lyon who was to sail on HMS Griper to the Repulse Bay in June 1824. The author of the fourth letter, John D. Hunter, also mentioned in Franklin’s letter as a participant of one of the meetings, was apparently an organiser or a member of one of those expeditions. Dated by days of the week, the letters refer to several meetings in March 1824. John Richardson’s letter was written at “55 Devonshire Street,” which was John Franklin’s London address.
Beechey’s and Hunter’s letters are addressed to “Mr. Garry,” most likely Nicholas Garry (ca. 1782-1856), deputy governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1822-1835. Fort Garry (now Winnipeg) was founded and named after him in 1822. Several places in the Northwest Passage were named after him during the expedition season of 1825-27. John Franklin gave his name to the Garry Island in the delta of the Mackenzie River “for all his active kindness and indefatigable attention to the comfort of myself and my companions” (Franklin, J. Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea, 1825, 1826, and 1827. London, 1828, p. 36). William Parry named Cape Garry in the Somerset Island, Prince Regent Inlet “after by worthy friend Nicholas Garry, Esq., one of the most active members of the Hudson’s Bay Company, and a gentleman most warmly interested in everything connected with northern discovery” (Parry, W. Journal of a Third Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific; Performed in the Years 1824-25 in His Majesty's Ships Hecla and Fury. London, 1826, p. 140).
In his letter to Mr. Garry, John D. Hunter also mentions “Mr. Halkett”, who was most likely, John Halkett (1768-1852), director of the HBC and a member of its London Committee.
The texts of the letters:
Franklin: “My dear Sir, I shall have great pleasure in joining your party on Thursday the 25th but you must let me off early as I am engaged to an Evening party. I was just going to write to you when your note came, to say Mrs. Franklin and I will be glad to have the pleasure of your company at dinner on Tuesday 30th March at six. I hope Mr. Hunter will be with us also. I will send your letter to Capt. Lyon and I shall probably take the opportunity of seeing Parry tomorrow. Ever sincerely & faithfully yours, John Franklin. Tuesday Eveng.”
Richardson: “Dear Sir, I shall with much pleasure dine with you on Wednesday next at 7. I am dear Sir yours sincerely, John Richardson. Saturday, 55 Devonshire Street.”
Beechey: “Captain Beechey presents his compliments to Mr. Garry and will have the pleasure of accepting his polite invitation for the 6th inst. Harley Street, March 21st.”
Hunter: “I sincerely thank you my dear Mr. Garry for the book you were kind enough to send me, but my engagements will I fear render it out of my power to read it through. I will dine with you on Tuesday if I return from Brighton in time. I shall start at 11 this morning, & contemplate to return on Monday evening, I am much pleased to hear that among other friends Mr. Halkett will be one. Believe me very sincerely yours &c. John D. Hunter. Saturday morning.”

 

63. [ARCTIC - SHIPWRECK]
[Unique Collection of 23 Original Photographs Documenting the Investigation of the Wreck of the Russian Coast Guard Ship Kreiserok in the Vicinity of Cape Soya, Northwestern Hokkaido].

Ca. 1889. One photograph ca. 16,5x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in), eighteen photographs, ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and four smaller photographic portraits of the Kreiser’s crew, ca. 11x8 cm (4 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) mounted on card leaves of different sizes. The majority of photographs with pencil captions in Danish on the lower margins of the mounts. Minor foxing of the mounts and mounts a bit warped, but overall a very good collection.
This important photographic collection documents the search expedition of the Russian Navy to the northwestern Hokkaido in November 1889 - January 1890. The purpose was to investigate the fate of the shipwreck of the Russian coast guard schooner Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") which was in service on the coast of Tyuleniy Island (in the Sea of Okhotsk, 19 km to the south of Cape Patience (Mys Terpeniya), on the eastern Sakhalin coast) protecting against poachers and disappeared in a storm on the 26th of October, 1889.
The wreck of Kreiserok was discovered by Japanese on the shore next to village Wakkanai, in the vicinity of Cape Soya, the northernmost point of Hokkaido, 43 km away across the Laperouse Strait from Sakhalin Island. The Russian consulate informed the Pacific Squadron of the Russian Navy which wintered in Nagasaki, and the Squadron Commander rear admiral Vladimir Schmidt sent the investigation expedition on clipper Kreiser ("Cruiser") to ascertain whether the wreck was indeed the Kreiserok.
The expedition under the leadership of renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor Alexander von Bunge (1851-1930) included Lt. V.N. Bukharin and other Russian mariners, as well as Japanese officials and translators. The party reached the place of the wreck with great difficulties because of heavy snowfalls and strong winds. They examined what left of the schooner - a part of stern with steering wheel and the right side with both masts. Two ship’s boats, the flag and the board with the ship’s name were discovered, as well as a body of a sailor (Fedor Ivanov). None of the crew members was rescued, obviously there were no survivors. The cause of the disaster wasn’t determined, but it was assumed that the ship wrecked because of the ice formation on Kreiserok’s hull and rigging during strong storm, winds and low temperatures.
This photograph collection, assembled by the Danish member of Kreiser’s crew, Lt. C.M.T. Cold (who also captioned most of the images), includes eleven images of the Kreiserok wreck on shore with all parts of the schooner's remains clearly visible. Five images show the surrounding coast and a Japanese settlement, covered with deep snow. The majority of the pictures from the wreckage also show the expedition members, with Alexander Bunge present on five pictures, and possibly V. Bukharin and Lt. Cold present at least on six pictures; several pictures show the Japanese members, and two images are group portraits of all expedition members. Five pictures are dedicated to the clipper Kreiser including four portraits of its crew members, and a view of Kreiser in the harbour of Nagasaki, the latter was reproduced in: Krestianinov, V.I. Cruisers of the Russian Imperial Navy, 1856-1917. Part 1. SPb., 2003 (Крестьянинов, В.Я. Крейсера Российского Императорского флота, 1856-1917. Ч. I. СПб, 2003).
The monument erected in 1897 in Vladivostok in memory of Kreiserok and its crew became the first monument of Vladivostok and the first official memorial on the Pacific to Russian naval mariners who perished on duty.
Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") was a coast guard schooner of the Russian Imperial Navy. Tonnage 15 t., length 24 m., width 8 m., draught 2.13 m. Built in 1884 in Seattle, before 1886 - American schooner "Henrietta." In 1886 it was confiscated by the Russian clipper "Kreiser" for poaching in the Russian waters of the Bering Sea. In 1887 under command of lieutenant Tsvangman it carried out hydrographical survey of the Amur estuary. On the 14th of May 1888 it was renamed after the clipper "Kreiser" and became a coast guard vessel of the Tyuleniy Island (the Sea of Okhotsk). In October 1889 during its service on the island’s coast it captured American poaching schooner Rose and prepared to escort it to Vladivostok, but instead wrecked in a storm with the entire crew perishing. A cape and a bay in the Possiet Gulf (Peter the Great Gulf of the Sea of Japan) were named after it.
Alexander von Bunge was a renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor of medicine and zoologist, a son of famous botanist Alexander von Bunge (1803-1890). He participated in the expeditions to the mouth of the River Lena (1882-84), Yenisey River (1892-95), Spitsbergen (1900) et al; he headed the expedition to the New Siberian Islands (1885-86). Von Bunge’s meteorological observations were used by F. Nansen during his famous Fram expedition. An island in the Arctic Ocean (Bunge Land), a peninsula on the Russky Island (Nordenskiöld Archipelago), glaciers on Spitsbergen and Novaya Zemlya, and a mountain on Spitsbergen were named after him.

 

64. [ARCTIC]
BARROW, John, Sir, 1st Baronet (1764-1848)
[Autograph Letter Signed "John Barrow" to "Mr. James Mayning, Boatswain, HSM Talavera, Gibraltar" Informing Him About His Promotion; With a Rare Lithographed Proof Plate of Barrow’s Portrait]: Sir John Barrow. F.R.S. &c., &c.

Letter: Admiralty, 8 March 1838. Folio (ca. 31,5x20 cm). 1 p. (bifolium, with a second blank leaf). Brown ink in secretarial hand on J. Green & Son laid paper watermarked "1837"; signed by Barrow at the bottom. Fold marks, otherwise a very good letter. Portrait: ca. 1840s, ca. 25x20 cm. Lith. By T. Bridgford A.R.H.A. A printed note "Proof" on the lower margin. Minor edge wear not affecting image. Overall a very good portrait.
An official letter signed by John Barrow as the second Secretary of the Admiralty informed that "My Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty having been pleased to advance you from the Pay of a Third Rate to that of the First Class". The letter is addressed to a Royal Navy boatswain James Mayning. He was in the naval service for over 46 years, being stationed in the Caribbean, North America and East Indies, and was slightly wounded "at the reduction of the island of Cheduba" (Burma) while serving on HMS Slaney (The Oriental Herald and Colonial Review. London. Vol. Viii, September-December 1824, p. 576). Mayning served on HMS Talavera, a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, in 1836-1840. The letter is supplemented with a rare proof lithographed portrait of John Barrow.
John Barrow was a renowned English statesman, traveller and promoter of exploration; a member of the Royal Society (1805), a founding member and a president (1835-1837) of the Royal Geographical Society. He accompanied Lord Macartney’s embassy to China (1792-4), and served during the latter’s governorship in South Africa (1797-9) "collecting much of the commercial and strategic intelligence about the eastern seas and southern Africa" (Oxford DNB). Barrow was the auditor general to Cape Colony 1798-1803 and the second Secretary of the Admiralty in 1804-1845 (except for the period between 10 February 1806 and 7 April 1807).
"In his position at the Admiralty, Barrow was a great promoter of Arctic voyages of discovery, including those of John Ross, William Edward Parry, James Clark Ross, and John Franklin. The Barrow Strait in the Canadian Arctic as well as Point Barrow and the city of Barrow in Alaska are named after him. He is reputed to have been the initial proposer of St Helena as the new place of exile for Napoleon Bonaparte following the Battle of Waterloo in 1815" (Wikipedia).

 

65. [AUSTRALIA - SYDNEY & GARDEN ISLAND]
[Album with 125 Original Photographs of Garden Island - the Sydney Base of the Royal Australian Navy, Showing its Sites and Residents, Tennis Club, “Tresco Mansion,” portraits of the “Japanese officers at Garden Island,” and others, as well as Views of Sydney Harbour, the Blue Mountains, Golf Clubs in Blackheath, Melbourne and Sydney, et al].

Ca. 1910-1914. Folio (ca. 32x27,5 cm). 12 stiff card leaves. 125 gelatin silver prints ca. 7,5x10 cm (3x4 in) mounted within rectangular or oval frames. All photos with period ink manuscript titles on the mounts. Period green full cloth album with colour stamped title “Sunny memories” on the front cover. Overall a very good internally clean album with bright photos.
Interesting photo album from the family of a high ranking Australian naval officer who resided at Garden Island, base of the Royal Australian Navy in Sydney (now a restricted area). The interesting images include views of Garden Island: streets, embankment with HMS Pegasus, Signal Hill on the Coronation Day, interior of the island church, “Idol from Mallo Kollo Island” (Malakula, Vanuatu), “the tree planted by H.M. The King,” “swimming bath,” and others. A series of views depict Garden Island tennis club which is considered to be Australia’s first lawn tennis court (built in 1880), showing the court itself and tennis court pavilion, group portraits of players shown during games or afterwards, posing with rackets.
The album’s owner or compiler (named “H.C.”) is on several photos, posing in naval uniform in his garden, on board HMS Encounter and on board a naval ship at the beginning of WW1 (the last photo dated November 1914); there are also portraits of (probably) his wife “Ad” and other naval officers and sailors (Gosling, Baker, S.P.O. Trevin); views of their house and garden on Garden Island (the exterior, interiors of the drawing room and office, images of the front and kitchen gardens). Six interesting group portraits show “Japanese officers at Garden Island” posing in white uniform with “Ad” and another lady at the tennis court.
Five photos depict the “Tresco” mansion – the official residence of the Naval Officer-in-Command at the Garden Island (the exterior and interiors, “swimming bath”, a view of the Sydney harbor from Tresco). Three photos show the Bristol biplane in Sydney with the following commentary: “one of two sent arrived Dec. 1910, flew Perth, then Melbourne, then Sydney, c. Feb. 1911.” There are also images of numerous ships in Sydney harbor (HMS Fantome, HMS Cambrian, HMS Powerful, HMS Encounter, P&O S.S. Moldavia, HMS Pioneer et al.), Sydney botanical gardens, a series of photos from a trip to the Blue Mountains (Grand Canyon, Grose Valley, Kanimbla Valley, Hydro Majestic Hotel in Medlow Bath, and others). Several photos reveal the album compiler’s keenness on golf (images of the Blackheath golf links, the Royal Melbourne golf club and the Royal Sydney Gold club). Overall a very interesting illustration of the social life of Australian naval officers on Garden Island on the threshold of the First World War.
“Garden Island, located in Sydney Harbour to the east of the Sydney Harbour Bridge and Circular Quay, has been associated with the defence of Sydney and eventually Australia, since the first fleet of convicts arrived in 1788. Garden Island is thus named because it was here that the crew of HMS Sirius of the First Fleet planted a vegetable garden in late January 1788. Garden Island has had connections with the Navy since the early days of the colony. As well as a garden, it housed a gun emplacement which guarded the passageway between Farm Cove and Pinchgut (Fort Denison) until the construction of Fort Macquarie on Bennelong Point. A similar gun pit was built on Gov. Macquarie’s Point, but this was removed after Fort Macquarie was built and no trace of it remains today. In 1811 Gov. Macquarie declared Garden Island a civilian establishment and thus it stayed until 1856 when it was returned to the Royal Navy for use as a base. The base grew in a ramshackle manner with new buildings and facilities being added progressively over the next century. Today it is a restricted area and houses the Fleet Base of the Royal Australian Navy and the Garden Island Dockyard” (Garden Island/sydneyforeveryone.com.au).

 

66. [AUSTRALIA - SYDNEY, MELBOURNE & BENDIGO]
[Album with Forty-two Early Albumen Photographs of Australia Including Sydney (13), Melbourne (13) & Bendigo (12) [With] Three Photographs of Ships & one Photograph of Auckland Harbour].

Ca. 1872. 16 Beige Album Leaves. 42 loosely inserted (on album leaves) albumen photos including 14 larger ones ca, 12x17 cm (5x7 in) and 28 smaller ones ca. 5,5x9,5 cm (2 ½ x 3 ½ in). Majority captioned in manuscript brown ink on album leaves. Period dark green gilt tooled half morocco with dark green pebbled cloth boards and gilt stamped title "Photographs 1872" stamped on front cover. Rebacked in style, overall the album is in very good condition and the images are generally strong and sharp.
The views in this collection include: Ships (3) including Peninsula & Oriental Company Steamship "Peshawur;" Sydney (13) including Botanic Gardens, from above Athol, Darling Harbour from St. Philips' Looking W., from St. Philips' Looking N.E., Government House, University, Wynyard Square, H.M.S. Galatea, Near Mount Victoria etc.,; Melbourne (13) including Town Hall, General Post Office, University, Houses of Parliament, Public Library, National Gallery, Government Printing Office, Treasury, Melbourne & Hobsons Bay Railway Pier, Sandridge, Fitzroy Gardens, Bourke Street, East, Independent Church, Collins Street, Collins Street; Auckland Harbour, N.Z.; Bendigo (12) Pall Mall, Looking N., N. Of Pall Mall, looking S., View Point, Forest Street, Looking N.E., Old Market Place, From Castle, Looking S.E. Across Roslyn Park, From Castle Shewing Extended Hustlers & Pups, Koch's Pioneer Quartz-crushing Works, View looking N. Over Ironbark Gully & Long Gully, Iron Bark & Macluries or Garden Gully Reef.
This historically interesting album shows Sydney, Melbourne and Bendigo in the post Victorian gold rush era. "The discovery of gold in the soils of Bendigo during the 1850s made it one of the most significant Victorian era boomtowns in Australia. News of the finds intensified the Victorian gold rush bringing an influx of migrants to the city from around the world within a year and transforming it from a sheep station to a major settlement in the newly proclaimed Colony of Victoria" (Wikipedia).

 

67. [AUSTRALIA - SYDNEY]
ASHTON, Sir John William (Australian, 1881-1963)
[SYDNEY HARBOUR: Watercolour Signed with Initials and Dated "W.A. 98" (lower right)].

1898. Watercolour ca. 24x33 cm (9 ½ x 13 in). Watercolour in very good condition. Recently matted.
This atmospheric attractive watercolour shows the Sydney waterfront with a docked sailing vessel in the foreground. The prolific artist produced many landscapes of Australia as well as of Europe and the Middle East and travelled widely in his life. "Sir John William "Will" Ashton OBE, ROI was a British-Australian artist and Director of the National Art Gallery of New South Wales from 1937 to 1945" (Wikipedia).

 

68. [BOUNTY MUTINEERS - HMS GORGON]
[PATERSON, Admiral Charles William] (1756-1841)
[Collection of Two Original Manuscripts Related to Paterson’s Service as the Commander of Famous HMS Gorgon, Compiled a Year Later, After Her Return from New South Wales as a Part of the Third Fleet, with a Mixed Passenger List Including Mutineers from HMS “Bounty”. The collection includes: an Autograph Note Signed by Rear Admiral John Dalrymple Addressed to Paterson, and an Incomplete Note of Paterson’s Autobiography, Mentioning his Service on HMS Gorgon].

The note: [HMS] Sandwich at the Nore, 2 August 1793, ca. 16,5x20,5 cm. Written in secretarial hand, signed “Jh. Dalrymple” and docketed on reverse. The autobiography: ca. after 1825, Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm). Both brown ink on watermarked laid paper (the autobiography on laid paper watermarked “R. Barnard, 1825”). Documents with fold marks and creases, paper slightly age toned, with occasional marginal tears, otherwise a very good collection.
The official note from Rear Admiral Dalrymple addressed to Paterson as the Commander of HMS “Gorgon” instructs him to “immediately discharge John Marsh from he being an apprentice, and give him a Certificate of it’s being done by my order.” The note relates to an apprentice unlawfully pressed into service on a Royal Navy ship - the Navy were bound to release such individuals on appeal from their masters. The second manuscript is an incomplete piece of Paterson’s autobiography, covering his naval career from 1793 to 1819 when he became a Vice Admiral. The first complete sentence relates about his service on HMS Gorgon: “On the commencement of the French Revolution I was appointed to the command of H.M. Store Ship the Gorgon and was sent to the Mediterranean under Lord Hood who promoted me to the rank of Post Captain in 1794 into H.M.S. ‘Ariadne.'” The autobiography also contains some facts not included in Paterson’s biography published in the New Oxford DNB, e.g. That he had 'the honour of attending His late Majesty two seasons at Weymouth', and that he 'went up the Mediterranean with a large Convoy, delivered it safe and on my return joined the Blockade of Havre de Grace until the peace of 1802'.
HMS Gorgon (1785) a 44-gun fifth-rate two-decker troopship. “Under Commander John Parker, she went to New South Wales, along with the Third Fleet, arriving on 21 September 1791. She carried six months provisions for 900 people in the starving colony. She also carried about 30 convicts, and Philip Gidley King who was returning to the colony to take up the post of lieutenant-governor of Norfolk Island. On 18 December 1791 the Gorgon left Port Jackson, taking home part of the marine contingent, sent by the First Fleet to guard the convicts, including Watkin Tench, Robert Ross, William Dawes, and Ralph Clark. Gorgon also carried samples of animals, birds, and plants from New South Wales. At the Cape of Good Hope Gorgon took on board Mary Bryant, her daughter Charlotte, and the four surviving male convicts involved in an escape from the penal colony. She also took on board ten of the mutineers from HMS Bounty that HMS Pandora had seized in Tahiti and who had survived the wreck of that vessel. During the voyage many of the children on board, including Charlotte Bryant, died of heat and illness. Gorgon arrived at Portsmouth on 18 June 1792, discharging her mixed passenger list of marines, escaped convicts, and mutineers” (Wikipedia).
Charles William Paterson was a British naval officer, an active participant of the American Revolutionary and French Revolutionary Wars. He “served on the home and Newfoundland stations as able seaman and midshipman in the Flora, Rose, Ardent, and Ramillies, before passing his lieutenant's examination on 4 October 1775. In 1776 Paterson was in Howe's flagship, the Eagle, in North America, and on 3 February 1777 Howe promoted him lieutenant of the fire ship Strombolo. In Howe's engagement with d'Estaing on 11 August 1778 Paterson commanded the galley Philadelphia. In June 1779 he joined the Ardent (64 guns), which, on 17 August, was captured off Plymouth by the combined Franco-Spanish fleet. In April 1780 he was appointed to the Alcide (74 guns), which joined Lord Rodney in the West Indies in May; Paterson went to New York with him during the summer, returned to the West Indies in November, and in the following January was present at the capture of St Eustatius and the other Dutch islands.
In February 1781 Paterson joined the Sandwich, Rodney's flagship; he went home with the admiral in the Gibraltar, and returned to the West Indies with him in the Formidable. He was appointed acting captain of the armed ship St Eustatius in February 1782 and on 8 April was promoted to command the fire ship Blast, in which he returned to England on the conclusion of the peace. In 1793 Paterson was appointed to the store ship Gorgon, in which he served under Hood at Toulon, and on 20 January 1794 he was made captain of the Ariadne (20 guns). On the surrender of Corsica he was moved into the frigate Melpomène, before returning to England in 1795. In 1797 he was inspecting captain of the quota men in Kirkcudbright and Wigtownshire, and in 1798 superintended the fitting of the Admiral de Vries, until she was turned over to the transport board. He commanded the Montagu in the channel in 1800, and from 1801 to 1802 he commanded the San Fiorenzo.
Paterson had charge of the French prisoners of war in Portchester Castle in 1810, and from 1811 to 1812 he commanded the guard ship Puissant at Spithead. He was promoted rear-admiral on 12 August 1812, vice-admiral on 12 August 1819, and admiral of the white on 10 January 1837" (Oxford DNB).

 

69. [BRAZIL]
HERNDON, William Lewis (1813-1857)
[Autograph Manuscript Letter Book of U.S. Naval Lieutenant William Lewis Herndon, Containing Copies of Thirty-Two Documents Written on Board USS Iris during the Mexican-American War, and a Copy of a Letter to Lardner Gibbon during the US Expedition to the Valley of the Amazon].

[U.S.S. Iris at various locations (Vera Cruz, Pensacola, Laguna); and Tarma (Peru), 1847-1851]. [44] pp. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). Black ink on lined paper; text clean and legible. Original quarter sheep note book with marbled boards; contemporary bookplate on the front pastedown. Housed in a custom made cloth clamshell box with an olive gilt title label on the spine. Hinges cracked, spine partially perished, corners worn, but overall a very good letter book.
Original letter book of noted American naval officer, Amazon explorer and naval hero William Lewis Herndon; it contains the original draft of Herndon’s instructions to the expedition member Lt. Lardner Gibbon regarding his further exploration of the Amazon following their separation at Tarma, Peru on July 1, 1851. The text of the manuscript differs slightly from the one published in volume I of Herndon and Gibbon's “Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon” (Washington, 1854, pp. 33-34), and has some manuscript corrections, which makes it an important historical source.
Herndon assigned Gibbon a different route of discovery so that "while I gave my own personal attention to the countries drained by the upper Marañon, Mr. Gibbon might explore some, and gather all the information he could respecting others, of the Bolivian tributaries of the Amazon." This letter provides Gibbon with guidance as to the route he is to follow and the importance of minimizing risk to himself to ensure that the results of their exploration might be preserved. “Lt. Herndon pushed into the upper Amazon. Lt. Gibbon traveled south through Bolivia and then into the selvas of Brazil. The two groups met in Serpa, Brazil, and then continued down the Amazon River to Para” (Hill 803).
The letter book also contains thirty two letters and documents written on board USS Iris which was under Herndon’s command during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The correspondence is primarily on various day to day issues including the engineering problems and administrative issues. However, also included is a five-page letter dated aboard the Iris at Laguna in March of 1848 to an unidentified recipient, but probably Matthew C. Perry, Commanding the Home Squadron off Mexico during the Mexican-American War. The letter reports the results of Herndon's meetings at Sisal with Military Commandant Don Alonzo Azuar regarding Indian involvement in the conflict, and with the senior Spanish Naval Officer present, Don Francisco Garcia di Salas, commander of the brig Nervian, regarding the landing of guns and munitions.
In 1857, as a captain of the ill-fated U.S. Mail Steamer Central America, Herndon showed the utmost heroism while saving lives of the passengers during the hurricane of Cape Hatteras, having evacuated all women and children. 426 passengers and crew, including Herndon perished with the ship, thus making the wreckage the largest loss of life in a commercial ship disaster in United States history. Herndon's heroism prompted the construction of the Herndon Monument at the U. S. Naval Academy in 1860.
Overall this Letter book represents an important primary source on the history of the US expedition to the Amazon (1851-1852) and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).

 

70. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - ESQUIMALT]
[Original Unsigned Panoramic Watercolour Titled and Dated:] From Esquimalt May 1894.

May 1894. Watercolour and pencil on paper ca. 17x49,5 cm (7 x 19 ½ in). Titled and dated in pencil in the right lower corner. Recently matted, very good watercolour.
This painting is from a series of watercolours produced while the artist was travelling across Canada on the Canadian Pacific Railroad. The watercolour shows a view of the Olympic Mountains as seen from across the Strait of Juan de Fuca from Esquimalt looking towards Port Angeles.

 

71. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - GOLD MINING IN WELLS]
RODGER, Jack B., Chief of the Wells Volunteer Fire Brigade
[Collection of Two Albums with over 440 Original Snapshot Photographs of Gold Mining in Wells, B.C., and Berens River (ON), Views of Barkerville, Clifton, Favourable Lake (ON), Sandy Lake (ON), and others; With a Small Certificate Signed by Rodger as the Fire Chief in Wells].

Ca. 1930-1940s. Both albums Oblong Octavo (ca. 18x29,5 cm), with 50 and 27 stiff card leaves respectively. Over 440 mounted gelatin silver prints, vast majority between ca. 6,5x10,5 cm (2 ½ x 4 ¼ in) and ca. 5,5x8 cm (2x3 in); also including a large photo ca. 12,5x20 cm (4 ¾ x 8 in), and ca. 13 original postcard size photos- ca. 13,5x8 cm (5 ¼ x 3 in). A number of photos captioned or dated on the images or on the mounts. With a certificate printed on card (ca. 7x10 cm) and signed by “Jack B. Rodger” as the Fire Chief of Wells. Period black cloth albums, spines are stitched through on top and bottom with strings. A number of images removed by previous owners, a few images slightly faded, but overall a very good collection.
Important private photo collection assembled by Jack B. Rodger, a gold miner and resident of Wells, B.C., the Chief of the Wells Volunteer Fire Brigade in the 1930s. The photos give a detailed illustration to the very early years of life in Wells (the town was founded in 1933 around the Cariboo Gold Quartz Mine). Historically important images include over ten portraits of miners inside the Wells’ mines performing different operations – “drilling in a stope,” “Boyles diamond drill,” Rodger himself is shown inside the “Island Mountain Mine, B.C.;” there are also a panorama of the Cariboo Gold Quartz Mine taken from the air, a scene of placer mining and gold extracting with a water jet, “Jim Brennan’s placer mine,” four images show the transportation of a large piece of mining equipment, general view of the Wells town site and photos of the Main Street, Community Hall, “my house, Wells, B.C.,” a fire hose cabin in Wells, the Cariboo district mountainous scenery near Wells, et al. Numerous portraits of Rodger show him posing with his friends and family, three humorous photos show them having fun in Wells during winter.
Other interesting photos show the hotel in Clinton (Cariboo district), old carriages in Ashcroft, and several views of Barkerville – St. Savior’s Church, street views, the cemetery with a close up photo of the grave of James Lindsay. The original snapshots are supplemented with two real photo postcards of Wells and Barkerville. At the end of the first album Rodger mounted six newspaper clippings from a Wells’ newspaper describing his career as at first the Assistant Fire Marshal and later as the Chief of the Fire Brigade in Wells.
A large number of photos in both albums are dedicated to Rodger’s subsequent work in the gold mines and industrial facilities in Northern Ontario and Manitoba. Very interesting are the images taken during his work at the Berens River Gold Mine (now a ghost town) and nearby Favourable Lake and Sandy Lake. The photos show “Berens River Mine from Air,” portraits of miners inside the Berens River gold mine, “moving a diamond drill [across a lake], winter 1937,” Berens River power dam and lumber mill, hydro plant on the North Wind Lake, series of views apparently of the Berens River water treatment plant, small aerodrome on the Favourable Lake for water planes with a wooden cabin bearing a sign “Canadian Airways;” South Trout Lake, Rodger’s houses in Berens River and Favourable Lake, a scene of an amateur dentist operation titled “Dentist, Berens,” a hotel in Favourable Lake, and others. Very interesting is the series of portraits of native people from the Sandy Lake reserve gathered from the “Treaty Pay Day, 1941;” Rodger is posing on one of them with the tribe, the caption next to the image reads “Rodger and his squas.” There are also images captioned “Wingold Mine”, “Beresford Lake Hotel” (Manitoba), portraits of Rodgers with his fellow miners; views of the Banff Springs Hotel; Vancouver Sun Tower (World Building), Duluth town in Minnesota (Ford plant, zoo, general view) et al.
Overall a very interesting first-hand visual account of gold mining in Northern B.C. And Ontario in the 1930s.
“Wells, pop 236 (2006), 80 km east of Quesnel in the Cariboo, sprang into being in 1933 after Fred Wells, a prospector, finally struck gold. His Cariboo Gold Quartz Mine gave birth to a company town that had a population of 4,000 by the end of the decade. The mine continued to operate until 1967; unlike nearby Barkerville the town has remained a functioning community, if much diminished from its heyday, with a thriving arts and crafts community” (Encyclopaedia of British Columbia online).
“Berens River has the reputation of being Ontario’s remotest ghost town. It also has the reputation of being the only ghost town with a bowling alley. It became a ghost town in 1948, complete with homes, a hospital, apartments, a swimming pool, a jail and the bowling alley. The town blossomed with the gold rush of the 1920s. As with Uchi Lake, Berens River was plagued with the problems and difficulties of its isolation. The mine started operations in 1937 and the town grew to a population of 650. The town prospered until the start of World War II and then suffered the same fate as the town of Uchi Lake. The mine finally closed in 1948 and the town fell silent but remains undisturbed to this day” (Chenoweth, H. Berens River/ wwwghosttowns.com).

 

72. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - NEW WESTMINSTER]
[BIRCH, Arthur Nonos, Sir] (1837-1914)
Speech of His Honor the Officer Administering the Government at the Opening of the Legislative Council, on Thursday the 18th January, 1866.

[New Westminster], [1866]. Folio (ca. 33x20,5 cm), 3 pp. Near fine copy.
This rare very early New Westminster imprint is a speech by Arthur Birch, Colonial Secretary of the Colony of British Columbia (1864-1866) read by him in front of the Third Legislative Council of the colony during Governor Seymour’s absence in England.
The speech summarizes the state of the Colony, noting that “the Revenue falls short of the Estimate by a considerable amount”, which was caused by a fall of immigration; and reporting of considerable growth of expenditure caused by an extensive road construction: a number of waggon roads in the Cariboo district were completed, as well as a road between New Westminster and Yale, and others; construction of a road network to the Columbia district has been started. “With great reluctance” Birch proposed to abolish the duty of the export of gold and to introduce additional taxation, namely compulsory mining licences. “It is therefore only by this measure that our large Chinese population can be made to contribute to the Revenue in equal proportion to the white race. Few Chinamen now take out a Mining Licence, whereas on the other hand few white miners are to be found without one”. The other subjects touched include the colony’s postal service, “fostering the immigration of a class of Settlers likely to make this country their home”, petitions to alter the Mining Laws and the Pilotage of Vessels et al.
The Third Legislative Council turned out to be the last one in the history of the colony of British Columbia: as it was unified with the Colony of Vancouver Island (2 August, 1866).
The text of the speech was reproduced in: Journals of the Colonial Legislatures of the Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, 1851-1871/ Ed. By James E. Hendrickson. Vol. 4. Journals of the Executive Council, 1864-1871, and of the Legislative Council, 1864-1866, of British Columbia. P. 330-332.

 

73. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - NEW WESTMINSTER]
[SEYMOUR, Frederick, Governor] (1820-1869)
Speech of His Excellency the Governor at the Opening of the Legislative Council, 12th January, 1865.

[New Westminster, B.C., 1865]. Broadside, ca. 40,5x25 cm, text printed in two columns. Period ink inscriptions on recto "Frederick Seymour 12 Jan 1865 Governor BC" and on verso “1865 Govr’s Speech”. Old fold marks, minor creases and tears on margins, a tear on the centrefold with old tape repair, but overall a very good copy.
This Incunabula of New Westminster B.C. Printing is a welcome speech by Frederick Seymour, the Governor of the Colony of British Columbia, which was read in front of the second Legislative Council of the colony (1864-65). The speech relates to the main agenda of the current Council and the most significant events in the life of the colony, i.e. Financial crisis and BC’s big debt, ways of fixing it – “impose a duty on the export of Gold”; prospective construction of roads in the Kootenay and Cariboo, erection of “Public Buildings” (hospitals, libraries); new tariff duties; protection of the Russian-American Telegraph “which will bring New Westminster into immediate communication with the electric systems of Asia, Europe and North Africa” etc.
Although it was about a year until the unification of the Colony of BC and the Colony of Vancouver Island; Seymour "shall omit the promised communication respecting Union with Vancouver Island <…> I regret that the interests of two Colonies so near each other, and so remote from the Mother Country, should be in some respects antagonistic, but my duty to British Columbia is paramount, and I accept your decision. I trust that the entire separation which now takes place may ultimate relations and probably for an Union which, in some respects I cannot but consider to be desirable."
Text reproduced in: Journals of the Legislative Council of British Columbia, from the 12th December 1864, to the 11th April 1865 <…> Being the Second Session of the Legislative Council of British Columbia. New Westminster: Government Printing Office, 1865, p. 10-13. Not in Lowther.

 

74. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - OAK BAY]
MARTIN, Thomas Mower (CANADIAN 1838-1934)
[Original Signed & Dated Watercolour Titled:] Shore of Oak Bay (B.C.).

1895. Watercolour, ca. 20,5x29,5 cm (8 x 11 ½ in). Signed Mower Martin '95. Watercolour matted under glass in a recent molded gilt wood frame. A very good watercolour. Watercolour not examined out of the frame.
This attractive skillfully executed watercolour shows the rocky shoreline of Oak Bay in the foreground and Ten Mile Point in the background across the bay. "Thomas Mower Martin was an English-born Canadian landscape painter dubbed "the father of Canadian art.".., Martin produced landscapes, animals, still lifes and portraits in oils, watercolours and etchings. He was one of a group of artists given passes by the Canadian Pacific Railway to paint landscapes in western Canada—they became known as the "Railway Painters". Earlier he had travelled and painted landscapes through eastern Canada and the United States, and also provided illustrations for two books by A & C Black, CANADA and Kew Gardens. He was a founding member of the Ontario Society of Artists in 1872, and charter member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 1880, and was also a member of the Royal British Colonial Society of Artists (1909). Mower Martin exhibited widely as an artist during his lifetime and his works can be found in many public and private collections, including Windsor Castle in England" (Wikipedia).

 

75. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - ROCKIES]
WILKINSON, Thomas Harrison OSA (CANADIAN, 1847-1929)
[Original Signed Watercolour of a Cascade in the Canadian Rockies].

Ca. 1895. Watercolour, ca. 45x32 cm (17 ½ x 12 ½ in). Watercolour under glass in a period molded gilt wood frame. A very good watercolour. Frame with some wear but overall very good. Watercolour not examined out of the frame.
Wilkinson was one of several prominent artist who produced paintings of the Canadian Rockies while travelling on the Canadian Pacific Railroad at the end of the 19th Century. This British born Canadian landscape artist produced several watercolours of waterfalls in the Canadian Rockies. "Born in England, Wilkinson immigrated to Ontario in 1863, is noted in Toronto about 1882, then Hamilton around 1909, where he later died. He traveled extensively and exhibited with both the OSA and RCA" (invaluable.com).

 

76. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - VANCOUVER ISLAND]
M.L.S.
[Attractive Watercolour Titled: "Camp on Victoria Island [sic]" and Signed "M.L.S."].

Ca. 1880. Watercolour ca. 14x35 cm (5 ½ x 14 in). The watercolour, in period matting, is in very good condition with bright colours.
This attractive scenic watercolour shows an early coastal loggers(?) camp, most probably on the south eastern part of Vancouver Island looking towards the gulf islands. A tent and camp fire as well as two canoes and a total of five men are shown. Overall an early and interesting colonial British Columbia watercolour.

 

77. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - VANCOUVER]
[Tinted Lithographed Bird’s-Eye View of Vancouver Waterfront, Titled:] The Harbour. Vancouver. British Columbia (from photo).

[Portland, 1889]. Tinted lithograph ca. 23,5x37 cm (9 3/8 x 23 ½ in). Original centerfold. Recently matted. A minor tear on the top of the centrefold neatly repaired, otherwise a very good lithograph.
A plate from “The West Shore: An Illustrated Western Magazin” (Portland, May 1889) depicts the Vancouver waterfront, with the first CPR station (1887) and trains, ships in the harbour, a part of the Deadman’s Island, and the North Shore Mountains in the background. The plate illustrated an article “Vancouver, British Columbia” published in the magazine (pp. 227-233).
“The rapidly increasing importance of this young and enterprising city entitles it to more than passing note, and The West Shore is pleased to present this month an account of its progress, present conditions and prospects, with illustrations, which will give an excellent idea of the appearance of the city. <…> The capacity of the city for marine commerce can never be outgrown, no matter what magnitude it may attain. Its adaptability to the demands of commerce, the means it has for focusing a large volume of business at that point, and its capacity for expansion, must make Vancouver one of the most important cities of the Pacific coast. The healthful climate and location and altogether pleasant surroundings render it a very desirable residence place, and the control which it exercises over the products of the interior is already making a prominent manufacturing city. As the terminus of the longest single railway line in the world it has an advantage that places it entirely beyond competition, and to this, as well as to its natural features of excellence, is due its phenomenal growth” (p. 227).

 

78. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - VICTORIA]
LUMSDEN, Ernest Stephen (1883-1948)
[Original Etching Titled (in Reverse):] Times Office, Victoria B.C.

1906. Original etching ca. 15x21 cm (6 x 8 ½ in.). Recently matted and framed, etching is in very good condition.
The etching shows the office of the former Victoria Daily Times, established in 1884 on Fort Street in Victoria. "Between 1905 and 1946 E.S. Lumsden produced some 350 etchings most of which are represented in a collection held in the Burnaby Art Gallery, British Columbia, Canada. He always printed his own plates. Lumsden was elected an associate of the Royal Society of Painter-Etchers in 1909 and raised to the full membership in 1915; He was elected an Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1923 and a full member in 1933; and he was President of the Society of Artist Printers from 1929 to 1947" (Wikipedia).

 

79. [BRITISH COLUMBIA]
[Collection of 204 Glass Lantern Slides Showing Cities, Natural Wonders and People of British Columbia, including Over 70 Coloured Slides].

Ca. 1900-1910s. 204 glass stereo positive slides, including 105 ca. 8,5x10 cm (3 ¼ x 4 in), the rest ca. 8 cm square (3 1/8 in); ca. 77 slides are coloured. Some with period manuscript captions on the paper labels. The slides are housed in four period wooden boxes including one titled "Canadian Pacific Railway Co." Several slides with minor chips on corners, but overall a very good collection.
Extensive collection of early 20th century glass slides showing photo views of cities, landscapes and people of British Columbia. Vancouver is shown on 31 slides (14 large, 18 coloured), showing the city port with boats and steamers, CPR station and rails (the buildings of the second and the third stations are shown), panoramas of downtown Vancouver and street views (Hastings St., Granville St., False Creek et al.), public beach at English Bay, views of the Hotel Vancouver, UBC campus at Point Grey, Stanley Park (showing the Tea House and the Harding Memorial), “Green Timber, Pacific Highway,” giant trees on Vancouver streets and others.
Victoria is shown on 16 slides (6 large, 6 coloured), with the views of Victoria and Esquimalt harbours, the Inner Harbour with the Legislature Buildings, the Empress Hotel and the Government Street, Butchart Gardens, Crystal Garden, canoe race during Victoria regatta et al.
The Rocky Mountains are shown on 51 slides (30 large, 14 coloured), with several views of the Selkirks (the Hermit Range, Mount Cheops, Mount Sir Donald, Illecillewaet valley and glacier, Glacier railway station), Yoho National Park (Emerald Lake, Kicking Horse River west of Field, Mt. Stephen and Mt. Dennis, Takakkau Falls and Yoho Valley), the Kootenays (Bisco, Arrow Lakes, Helmet Creek et al.), Golden, the Great Divide site, CPR train going through the Rockies, hikers going up the mountains, Alpine Club Camp near Mount Robson and others.
The Thompson-Okanagan Region is shown on 32 slides (11 large, 11 coloured), including views of Kamloops, Summerland, Thompson River trail, cliffs near Cherry Creek, Blue Lake and Marble Canyon, Devick Lake, Celista Falls near Shuswap Lake, Paul Lake, as well as orchards, lake steamers, lodges, and towns. A coloured slide shows a portrait of a young girl named Dorothy Lawrence, from Heffly Creek.
Fraser Canyon is shown on 27 slides (17 large, 10 coloured), showing Alexandra suspension bridge, Cisco Bridge, Hell Gate, CPR snow shed, White Creek Bridge and the Three Tunnels, Cariboo Joe Tunnel, river bends, Thompson River Canyon, Yale, a caravan on the wagon road, Indian congregation near Botanie, Seton Canyon and Lake, environs of Lillooet, Cayoosh Creek and others.
There are also seven coloured slides of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, showing Mount Robson and Berg Lake, Emperor Falls and Grand Forks River, Skeena River near Doreen, Hazelton and Prince Rupert. Northern British Columbia is shown on 6 slides (5 large, 4 coloured), with the views of Prince Rupert, newspaper office in Quesnel, a ranch in Klondyke, north Fraser River in Chilkotin, and “Iceberg just broken from glacier near Prince Rupert.” Vancouver Island & the Coast is displayed on 7 sides (4 large, 4 coloured), showing totem poles in Alert Bay, Haida village on the Queen Charlotte Islands, Observatory Inlet of the Howe Sound, Malahat Mountain Drive and others.
Traditional and industrial fishing is shown on 8 slides (5 large, 1 coloured), including views of salmon fishing fleet and canneries on the Lower Fraser River, salmon hatchery near New Westminster, humbpack whale caught near Vancouver Island, salmon cannery at the Skeena River; and a portrait of “Beaver Bill,” an Old-time Fisherman with a 75 lb Spring Salmon, taken on the Skeena River. There are also 6 slides dedicated to BC fauna & hunting (2 large), showing a bear, a mountain goat, roaming buffalos, moose, hunted foxes and various pelts. 10 slides present BC plants, forest & logging (4 large, 6 coloured), showing Douglas firs, forest fires, a log dam, a saw mill, log transportation on a railway et al.
Among the slides’ manufacturers are: Keystone View & Co., Underwood & Underwood, the Topley Studio (Ottawa), E. Fleming (Victoria), W.M.S.S.D. (3 Ludgate Circus Bldgs, E.C.), Edward van Altena, H.C. White and others.
Overall a very interesting representative glass slides collection showing British Columbia.

 

80. [CALIFORNIA - SAN FRANCISCO]
[OGDEN, Richard Livingston] (1822-1900)
[Private Diary Describing Sailings of the Yachts Restless and Peerless in San Francisco Bay]: A concise and condensed history of the goings & comings & voyages of the Sloop Yacht "Restless" by a reliable not contraband but highly respectable gentleman, slightly tinctured with a fondness for salt water, a piscatorial weakness and the pursuit of ducks under difficulties...

[San Francisco], ca. 1860-1870s. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 25 pp. of text and fifty blank leaves. Brown and blue ink on laid paper, with several newspaper clippings and an ink drawing of the yacht “Restless” mounted on the leaves. Original violet full sheep notebook with raised bands and blind stamped decorative borders on the boards. Binding rubbed on extremities, hinges cracked, foot of spine chipped, but overall a very good internally clean manuscript.
Fascinating private account of the sailings of the yachts Restless and Peerless, both belonging to San Francisco industrialist and keen yachtsman Richard Livingston Ogden. Ogden came to California in 1852 as a major of the US army and subsequently established the firm of Ogden and Hayes; he was one of the founders of the Kimball Carriage and Car Manufacturing Company in the 1860s, the first president of the reorganized San Francisco Yacht Club (1874-1878) and one of the founders of the Jekyll Island Club, Georgia, in 1886.
The manuscript starts with a detailed description of the yacht Restless: "31 feet long, 16 feet beam, 3½ deep centre board, 10 feet long 12 feet wide 5 feet high, finished a la raeveaux gilt mouldings, stained glass windows, velvet cushions forming very comfortable sleeping accommodations..." Various voyages are described, such as "The first voyages of the Restless were to Sausalito on pic-nics, fishing trips, to Angel Island on clambakes, to Alcatraz on Offish-al business, to Benicia, to Martinez, and on the 3rd of July [1863] to Sacramento in 18 hours against the tide & with calm weather to contend with beating 14 schooners & sloops... On the opening of the Ducking season she was put in shooting trim and some half dozen successful voyages with glorious results..." Later on, as years passed, "The Restless was sold on the departure of the owner for the East for $1000 to a gentleman of the Lager Bier line of business who put her into service as a Ferry Boat between 3rd St. Wharf and the Potrero..."
The second half of the journal is a record of the little schooner "Peerless," another of Ogden’s yachts, launched in 1869. “Length on water line 53, length on deck, beam 17 feet, depth 5 ½. Schooner rigged, built of <…> Eastern oak, bent timber (frames), cedar & Oregon, galvanized fastenings, cabin Oregon maple & cedar, all built in best manner.” The manuscript describes Peerless’ sailings to Belmont, Martinez and Antioch. The first free endpaper bears an amateur ink sketch of the yacht Restless resting on shore and a man shooting a duck from a log nearby.
Commodore Richard L. Ogden, was “the oldest and best known yachtsman of San Francisco Bay <…>. He was in the fifties the owner of the then famous sloop Restless, the first pleasure yacht seen on these waters. It was brought from New York on a ship's deck. In 1868 he built the large schooner-yacht Peerless, one of the handsomest yachts ever built here and one that took part in the first regular regatta ever sailed on this coast. She was sold by him to the King of Samoa and became the "Samoan Navy." When the San Francisco Yacht Club was reorganized in 1875 he was elected commodore, an office he held for several years. About that time Commodore Ogden also built the fine steam yacht Quickstep and the steam launch Hi-Yah.” (San Francisco Call, October 7, 1900, 23:4)

 

81. [CALIFORNIA]
[BAEGERT, Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California..,]

Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo. [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives"(Hill 46); Barrett 129;"According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.

 


82. [CANADA - ST. LAWRENCE RIVER]
ROBINSON, W[illiam] R. (ca. 1810- ca.1875)
[Signed British School Watercolour on Paper, Captioned On Verso:] S. W. St. Lawrence River, Canada.

[Ontario], ca.1850. Matted watercolour on paper ca. 27x43 cm (11x17 in). With a couple of minor repaired marginal tears, otherwise a very good watercolour.
A well executed and atmospheric watercolour of the South West St. Lawrence River. Robinson had a studio in Durham in the 1840's and was active earlier in Richmond, UK.

 

83. [CANADA]
OMMANNEY, Erasmus Austin, Commander, RN (1850-1938)
[Collection of Twelve Autograph Letters Signed to His Father and Mother (Including two letters by his Superiors), Related to His Naval Service in the West Indies and Quebec, and with Travel Notes about Halifax and Saint John’s, Newfoundland].

Various locations: Gosport Royal Academy, HMS Britannia, Chew Magna, HMS Aurora (at Port Royal and Quebec), SS Hibernian, Halifax, SS Alpha, St. Thomas (Barbados), 1 April 1863 – [26 June 1876]. Twelve Octavo letters (from ca. 18x11,5 cm to ca. 21x13,5 cm). In all 67 pp. of text. Brown or black ink on letter paper (white, blue or green); ten letters by E.A. Ommanney and two by his superiors. Fold marks, some letters weak on folds, with minor tears; two with traces from old staples being removed. Overall a very good collection.
Twelve autograph letters related to the naval career of Commander Erasmus Austin Ommanney, a son of distinguished Arctic explorer Admiral Sir Erasmus Ommanney (1814-1904), who commanded the "Assistance" on the first Franklin Relief Expedition of 1850 and was responsible for discovering the first traces of Franklin's party. Covering the period of thirteen years, the letters contain interesting notes about Quebec, Saint John’s (Newfoundland), Halifax, and naval service in the West Indies.
Nine early letters date back to the time of Ommanney’s studies in the Gosport Royal Academy (1863) and his service as a midshipman on HMS Britannia and Aurora (1864-1867), including a superior’s note about him successfully having passed the summer exam (16th out of 64; 1863); and news of him becoming a midshipman “with a first class certificate, <…> a good conduct certificate and a gold compass” (Sept. 30, 1864). Two letters written on board HMS Aurora tell about his service in the West Indies - Barbados, Trinidad, La Guaira (Venezuela) and Port Royal (Jamaica), with a detailed description of the recovery of the wreck of HMS Bulldog which ran aground near Cap-Haitien in 1865, whilst attacking the port as part of a punitive raid against local revolutionaries. The recovery was conducted using “diving dresses;” and later Ommanney went on shore to witness the destruction of the city: “the shot had great effect upon the town, the houses knocked about a great deal <…> The forts are in ruins, the guns are in a most ludicrous state, some turned right over others on their sides & I should not care to be close to them when they were fired off as I think they might chance to burst, they look so rotten” (March 18, 1866).
Three letters written while a midshipman on HMS Aurora stationed in Quebec contain an interesting description of Ommanney’s ten-day trip “into the woods,” down the Murray River to the Murray Bay (La Malbaie, north shore of St. Lawrence River). The party of three went down the river in bark canoes, accompanied by four Indians, slept in wigwams and enjoyed “capital fishing” and “magnificent scenery <…> we were sitting in canoes being moved along quickly but swiftly among tremendous high steep mountains, they were like a lot of “Gibraltars” all together, but thickly wooded.”
The letter from Ommanney’s superior on HMS Aurora informed his father that he had received a first class certificate and had been sent temporarily to a gunboat “Prince Albert” stationed between Windsor and Sarnia on the Great Lakes, “as it is expected that the Fenians intend giving some more trouble out here.”
Three letters written by Ommanney in May-June 1876, during his travel to his new ship - HMS Rover stationed in Port Royal (Jamaica), have some distinct notes on Saint John’s (Newfoundland) and Halifax. The houses in St. John’s “are of wood and very irregularly built, the streets are badly paved & very dirty and a strong smell of fish pervades the whole place; whalers and seal ships come here a great deal.” When entering St. John’s harbour Ommanney’s steamboat struck an iceberg, and “fortunately no damage was done <…> it only grazed along the side. It had such a peculiar appearance, with the light shining on it <…> Female passengers were greatly agitated & thought their last moments had arrived.”
“I find Halifax very dull & it seems quite different to what I remember it in former days <…> The country is not very pretty, all the trees seem so stunted, the roads are disgraceful everywhere, both town & country <…> Fog seems to be the great feature of the place, it has hardly been fine one whole day since I have been here.”
The collection is supplemented with a later card inscribed by E.A. Ommanney’s son, stating that it was his father who found relics of Franklin’s expedition while on board Aurora under Sir Leopold McClintock. In fact, it was E.A. Ommanney’s father, Sir Erasmus, who found the first Franklin relics while commanding HMS ‘Assistance’ on Horatio Austin’s Admiralty search for Franklin in 1850.
Ommanney was appointed to HMS corvette “Rover,” Commander Thomas Barnardiston, on 28 April 1876 (The Navy List, Corrected to the 20 June 1877. London: John Murray, 1877, p. 169). He retired from the navy with the rank of Commander in 1879. He took Holy Orders in 1883, serving his ministry as a vicar in the South seas.

 

84. [CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY - CASTLE MOUNTAIN]
CAINE, William Sproston (1842-1903)
[Original Ink Drawing of Castle Mountain, Canadian Rockies, used as an Illustration in W.S. Caine’s "A Trip Around the World in 1887-8", London: Routledge, 1888].

[1887-8]. Ink on paper, ca. 11x20,5 cm (4 ¼ x 8 in). Captioned in ink on the lower margin. Mounted on a larger sheet of Japanese paper and recently matted. Minor mount residue on the margins and a few small chips on the upper border and margin, otherwise a very good bright drawing.
Original ink drawing captioned "Castle Mountain Range. National Park. Rocky Mountains. Canada" and used as the illustration to p. 72 in Caine’s book.
W.S. Caine, a British politician and Temperance advocate, travelled around the world with his daughter Hannah in August 1887 - March 1886. He went across the Atlantic Ocean on a steam liner from Liverpool to Quebec, then crossed Canada overland through the Rocky Mountains and British Columbia, went on a steamer from Vancouver to San Francisco and continued his trip to Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ceylon and India. Caine’s numerous sketches and photographs taken during the journey were used as illustrations to his book, some in the original state, and some being reworked “by my old friend, Mr. John Pedder, of Maidenhead, who has evolved the greater portion of the illustrations, with accuracy and artistic skill” (Caine. A Trip around the World, p. X).
Four other ink drawings used as illustrations for the book and depicting the scenery of British Columbia are now in the B.C. Archives.

 

85. [CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY- BANFF]
PEDDER, John (1850-1929) & CAINE, William Sproston (1842-1903)
[Original Ink Drawing of the Banff Springs Hotel used for the Illustration in W.S. Caine’s "A Trip Around the World in 1887-8", London: Routledge, 1888].

[1887-8]. Ink on paper, ca. 11x20,5 cm (4 ½ x 8 in). Signed “JP” in the left lower corner, captioned in ink on the lower margin. Recently matted. Mount residue on the margins, otherwise a very good bright drawing.
Original ink drawing captioned "Canadian Pacific Railway Hotel. National Park. Canada" and used as the illustration to p. 91 of Caine’s book. “The Canadian Pacific Railway is building a gigantic hotel which will accommodate 300 guests, but will not be open till next year <…> The magnificent hotel which is being built by the Canadian Pacific Railway will furnish that foreground to the marvellous landscape which always won the special admiration of Dr. Johnson” (p. 68, 91).
W.S. Caine, a British politician and Temperance advocate, travelled around the world with his daughter Hannah in August 1887 - March 1886. He went across the Atlantic Ocean on a steam liner from Liverpool to Quebec, then crossed Canada overland through the Rocky Mountains and British Columbia, went on a steamer from Vancouver to San Francisco and continued his trip to Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ceylon and India. Caine’s numerous sketches and photographs taken during the journey were used as illustrations to his book, some in the original state, and some being reworked “by my old friend, Mr. John Pedder, of Maidenhead, who has evolved the greater portion of the illustrations, with accuracy and artistic skill” (Caine. A Trip around the World, p. X).
John Pedder was an English watercolour artist, a member of the Liverpool Academy and a Secretary of the Liverpool Society of Painters in Watercolours. He actively exhibited at the Royal Academy and the Royal Society of British Artists.
Four other ink drawings used as illustrations for the book and depicting the scenery of British Columbia are now in the B.C. Archives.

 

86. [CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY]
NOTMAN, William (1826-1891) et al.
[Album with 55 Original Photographs by William Notman & Son, Bailey Bros., S.J. Thompson, D.A. Weese, A. Loeffler and S.J. Johnston showing Vancouver, Canadian Rockies, Toronto, Montreal, Kingston, New York and the Hudson River Valley, Supplemented with 13 Amateur Photos taken by the Album’s Compiler during the Travel along the Canadian Pacific Railway].

Ca. 1890-1900s. Folio (ca. 36x26 cm). 30 card leaves (4 blank). With 46 large gelatin silver, albumen and platinum prints, from ca. 12x22,5 cm (4 ½ x 9 in) to ca. 26,5x21 cm (10 ¼ x 8 ¼ in). With nine smaller professional gelatin silver prints ca. 9,5x12 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ¾ in) and thirteen amateur albumen and gelatin silver prints ca. 9x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in) or slightly smaller. All professional photos signed, numbered or titled in negative. Original brown half morocco album with green cloth sides and decorative endpapers; paper label of “Arentshorst & Zoon Boekbinderij, Kampen” on the first pastedown. A couple of images slightly faded, but the majority in very good condition.
Attractive album of large photos of Canada and the Eastern United States. Albumen prints by the studio of “William Notman & Son” include a nice view of “Vancouver from C.P.R. Hotel” (showing the West End and the Coal Harbour), and a series of twenty photos taken on the Canadian Pacific Railway: Albert Canyon; Glacier House; The Great Glacier from Road; Marion Lake, Mt. Abbott Glacier; Bow Lake & Mt. Hector; West Ottertail Mountain, Leanchoil; Van Horne Range; Cathedral Peak; Lake Louise; Emerald Lake; Cascade Canyon & Mountain; C.P.R. Hotel and Bow Valley; Banff Springs Hotel & Mount Rundle; Banff & Tunnel Mountain; Bow Valley from Banff Hotel; Bow River [with Mount Rundle and a small wharf with canoes]; Sundance Canyon; Three Sisters, Canmore; The Gap looking west. There is also a nice panorama of Medicine Hat with the truss Finlay Bridge across the South Saskatchewan River.
Among the other photos of the Canadian Rockies are three large gelatin silver prints by Bailey Brothers: X.602. Fraser Canyon near North Bend; X.790. Eastern Corner of Mt. Stephen, Kicking Horse Pass; X.791. Bow River, Banff National Park. Another gelatin silver print titled “Mt. Stephen from Kicking Horse Valley” was produced by one of the brothers, William H. Bailey (signed W.H.B. In negative). There is also a platinum print by S.J. Thompson showing Mt. Rundle in Banff. The album also houses thirteen small amateur photos of the Canadian Rockies taken during a voyage on the CPR.
Eastern Canada is represented in three original photos by Notman & Son: 3027. South East from Parliament Bldg, Toronto; Montreal from the Mountain; [A view of the Maisonneuve Monument in Montreal]. There is also a series of six views of Kingston, Ontario by D.A. Weese: City Buildings; Private Dwelling; a Part of Harbour; Falls, Kingston Mills; Rideau at Mills; Kingston. A large anonymous photo shows the Place du Canada in Montreal with the Macdonald Monument. Four large anonymous photos depict the Niagara Falls, with two images titled in negative: “14. Genl. View from New Bridge, Moonlight” and “Whirlpool rapids, Niagara Falls.”
The “U.S. Views” include a photo by A. Loeffler “City Hall, Pulitzer, Tribune, Times & Potter Buildings,” three albumen prints by J.S. Johnston showing the Madison Square, the Brooklyn Bridge and the Statue of Liberty; two unsigned views captioned in negative: “The Banks of the Hudson, Lower Entrance to the Highlands” and “84. The Banks of the Hudson, Upper Entrance to the Highlands;” and a view of the Thousand Islands region in the New York State by Notman & Son. The album closes with four gelatin silver prints at rear showing a Chinese town and the Hague city (Holland). Overall an attractive photograph collection.

 

87. [CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY]
PEDDER, John (1850-1929) & CAINE, William Sproston (1842-1903)
[Original Watercolour of the Vermillion Lakes, Canadian Rockies, used for the Illustration in W.S. Caine’s "A Trip Around the World in 1887-8", London: Routledge, 1888].

[1887-8]. Watercolour and ink with touches of gouache on paper, ca. 17x27 cm (6 ¾ x 10 ½ in). Signed “JP” in the right lower corner, captioned in ink on the lower margin. Mounted on a larger sheet of Japanese paper and recently matted. Margins chipped, edge of the lower margin with most part of the caption lost; short, clean tear affecting an inch and a half near the lower border (neatly repaired), otherwise a very good watercolour.
This original watercolour was used as the illustration to p. 85 - "Vermillion Lake, National Park". “Probably no white man had ever seen that lake till two or three years ago, and it was a most perfect bit of wild and untouched nature <…> I cannot find words adequately to describe the unique charms of the primitive and unspoiled scenery. The lake was as smooth as glass, its banks were a wild tangle of brushwood, poplar and maple, a perfect blaze of autumn red and gold, out of which sprang tall and sombre cedars and pine trees. Behind these were the snow-clad mountains, the whole perfectly repeated on the surface of the water” (p. 76-79).
W.S. Caine, a British politician and Temperance advocate, travelled around the world with his daughter Hannah in August 1887 - March 1886. He went across the Atlantic Ocean on a steam liner from Liverpool to Quebec, then crossed Canada overland through the Rocky Mountains and British Columbia, went on a steamer from Vancouver to San Francisco and continued his trip to Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ceylon and India. Caine’s numerous sketches and photographs taken during the journey were used as illustrations to his book, some in the original state, and some being reworked “by my old friend, Mr. John Pedder, of Maidenhead, who has evolved the greater portion of the illustrations, with accuracy and artistic skill” (Caine. A Trip around the World, p. X).
John Pedder was an English watercolour artist, a member of the Liverpool Academy and a Secretary of the Liverpool Society of Painters in Watercolours. He actively exhibited at the Royal Academy and the Royal Society of British Artists.

 

88. [CAPE HORN]
[WALKER, Henry, Captain]
[Manuscript Journal of the Ship Ida From Boston Voyage to Valparaiso, San Blas, Guayaquil and back to Boston in 1821-23, Titled]: Journal kept on board the Ship Ida of Boston <...> from Boston towards N.W. Coast of America.

[Primarily at sea], 1821-1823. Folio (31x19 cm). [188] pp. With two manuscript deeds, and four other sheets of manuscript laid in. Period brown quarter sheep with marbled boards, housed in a new light brown cloth clamshell box with green gilt lettered sheep label. Rubbed at extremities, lightly soiled. Some minor scattered foxing, else text is clean and very legible. Deeds chipped and lightly foxed. Old fold lines; one reinforced along folds, the other with a hole one inch by two, affecting text. Overall a very good manuscript.
The journal details Ida’s voyage in 1821-23 from Boston to San Blas in Mexico around Cape Horn, with stops in Valparaiso (Chile) and Guayaquil (Ecuador), and the return journey to the United States. The voyage went in several stages: at first, from Boston to Valparaiso (December 7th, 1821 - February 14th, 1822); then after a two-month furlough from Valparaiso to San Blas (April 12th - May 24th, 1822); then back to South America, to Guayaquil (August 2nd - September 4th of the same year); from there back to Valparaiso (October 11th - November 24th, 1822), and a return journey to the US (June 1st - July 6th, 1823).
The journal methodically records the nautical details of Ida’s voyage: wind and weather conditions, daily mileage, speed of the ship each hour, latitude and longitude, and geographical objects encountered and passed on the way. Captain Walker notes that he departed on the Ida from Boston harbor "with a heavy heart and thoughts of home," crossed the Equator on the 30th of December, and the next day passed the archipelago of Fernando Noronha (354 km offshore from the Brazilian coast). On the 25th of January she passed the Falkland Islands, and went through the Drake Passage: along Terra del Fuego "for eight leagues making in sharp peaks like steeples," Staten Land (Isla de los Estados) and Diego Ramirez Islands. On the 4th of February Ida rounded Cape Horn, and on that day Walker "saw a Rain Bow at midnight caused by the moon", two days later he observed a moon eclipse. Santiago’s port San Antonio was sighted on the 13th of February, and the next day Ida arrived in Valparaiso.
During the sailing to San Blas Walker noted the ship passing the Galapagos Islands, Cabo Corrientes (Mexico) et al; on return journey to Guayaquil - Islas Marias (Mexico) and Isla de la Plata (Ecuador). Ida arrived to Puna island at the head of Gulf of Guayaquil on the 4th of September. On the way back to Valparaiso she passed Juan Fernandez Island and stayed in port San Antonio, at the mouth of Maipo River for several days. During this part of the voyage Ida got caught in many storms, the note from 24th of October witnesses "Strong gales, squalls and rough sea; ship requires pumping every two hours."
The journal contains an impressive entry describing the Valparaiso earthquake on the 20th of November 1822: "At 11 P.M. We was sudenly [sic] alarmed by a violent shock that effected the ship as if she had struck the bottom, all hands sprung on deck and cried out the ship ashore...on reflection knew it was impossible for her to have struck any bottom in so heavy a sea as was on at the time without bilging the bottom in. I then thought of a wreck of a vessel but lastly I imputed it to an earth quake." Aftershocks wrack the sea periodically for the next few days. On the 22nd of November they got word about the effects of the quake: "They <..,> informed us that there had been a heavy shock of an earth quake on shore and that Valparaiso had been nearly destroyed and had lost 23 lives in the fall of a Castle. St. Jago & several of the towns in the interior had suffered severely the inhabitants about the sea coast fled to the mountains for safety fearing that the sea would flow in upon them, animals of every kind on shore appeared to be affected by the shock."
There is also an interesting note about the ship Emerald of London coming from New South Wales to Rio de Janeiro with a cargo of oil which Ida encountered in the South Atlantic on the 20th of January, 1822. She provided Emerald with provisions, including "6 barrels of flour, 6 of beef, one of pork and two of bread and two cases of gin," but the next day the sailors "found a strange man on board that had secreted himself under one of the forecastle berths; he said he came from the Emerald in the second boat - he is supposed to be a convict from New Holland." No hint is given as to the fate of the stowaway. The journal also keeps track of wildlife seen at sea, including dolphins, sharks, turtles, flying fish, and albatrosses, boobies and various other birds.
One of the later notes records the sale of Ida: "I was informed by Capt. Scott that the ship Ida was sold this day" (1st of March, 1823). There is no record of the interim period, and Walker's entries are both brief and incomplete about a return journey to Boston in summer 1823. There are notes in a later hand throughout the volume which give pieces of information about Walker, and a paragraph on the last page gives an account of Walker's return, indicating that Walker returned on a whaling vessel to Nantucket and thence to Boston.
The two deeds pertain to land. They are marked as "Deed, Walker to Woodbury," and "Nancy Walker's share in the estate of Luke Woodbury - Copy." The other manuscript sheets are in the same later hand as in the journal and elaborate further on Walker's life and career.
Overall an interesting collection related to 19th century US commercial maritime voyages.

 

89. [CARIBBEAN TRADE]
[Archive of Over Fifty Documents Relating to the Final Days of the British Schooner "Lima"].

1865. About 50 documents in about 75 pages. The documents in the archive are generally in very good condition, however the auction broadsides printed on poor paper though still readable have many chips and are in poor condition.
In October 1865, the 110 ton British merchant schooner “Lima” encountered heavy weather en route from New York and put into St. Thomas in the West Indies in a damaged condition. Ultimately the cargo was removed and sold, and the ship was condemned and the hull and fittings sold at auction for $764.14. This archive documents the schooner’s final days. It includes shipping manifests of the last cargo, surveys, an instrument of protest, pertinent invoices and bills, insurance forms, correspondence regarding the incident, shipping articles, crew list, and two auction broadsides for the sale of the hulk and fittings. Overall an interesting and unusual archive documenting mid 19th century commercial shipping in the Caribbean.

 

90. [CHILI]
[Historically Significant and Important Period Manuscript Report of the Naval and Military Actions in Chile and Peru]: Estado que en el dia de la fecha tiene el Vireinato de Lima; Provincias del de Buenos Ayres recuperadas y concervadas por el Ejercito del alto Peru; y finalmente en el que ce halla el Reyno de Chile [The State at this date of the Viceroyalty of Lima, the Provinces of Buenos Aires, taken back by the Army of Alto Peru; and finally the State of the Kingdom of Chile].

Lima, 1 November 1818. Small folio (ca. 31x21 cm). 6 pp. Brown ink on laid paper with watermarks ‘A’ and ‘PLA’. Text in Spanish in legible hand writing. Later marbled paper wrappers. Manuscript in very good condition.
Historically significant and important period report of the final stage of the Chilean (1810-1826) and Peruvian (1811-1824) Wars of Independence, compiled by Spanish colonial authorities. Our copy apparently belonged to Joaquín de la Pezuela, 1st Marquis of Viluma (1761–1830) who was a viceroy of Peru during the War of Independence: there is a handwritten remark “Es copia Pezuela” in the end of the text.
The document is divided into three parts (“Vireinato de Lima”, “Egéreito del Perú”, and “Reyno de Chile”) and starts with the report of advance of the Royalist forces (3400 men under command of General Mariano de Osorio) from Callao to Talcahuano in order to regain Chile. Then follow the descriptions of Battle of Cancha Rayada (18 March 1818), Battle of Maipú (5 April 1818), San Martín’s famous Crossing of the Andes (January-February 1817) et al. A large part of the text is dedicated to the actions of the Royalists’ army in Alto Peru under command of José de la Serna e Hinojosa (1770-1832). The author reports on the numbers of armed forces in different provinces of the Vireinato de Lima and gives a picture of the wartime Peru from north to south.
Very important is the extensive material on the naval war near the coast of Chile and Peru, and the actions of the First Chilean Navy Squadron which was formed in 1817-1818 and eventually “terminated Spanish colonial rule on the south-west coast of South America” (Wikipedia). The report lists 12 vessels of the Royalists’ naval forces (Las fuerzas de mar): frigates Esmeralda, Cleopatra, Presidenta and Venganza, brigantines Pezuela and Potrillo, corvet Sebastiano et al. There are notes on the condition and amount of guns of each vessel. A separate list is dedicated to the enemy vessels and also details their artillery: Lautaro and Cumberland (bought from the British East India Company); corvette Coquimbo (bought from the US), four brigantines, and seven corsairs (Anglo-American and French).
The document reports on the blockade of Valparaiso in March-April 1818, and naval actions, e.g. The attack on Spanish corvette Resolution near Callao by the corsair force consisting of the British, American, Portuguese and Irish sailors (19 October). The text is concluding with the news that the naval reinforcement for the Royalists has departed from Spain: frigate Especulation left Cadiz on the 21st of May with 6 officials and 200 men from the Regiment of Cantabria, a part of a larger force which will embark in Callao and will go immediately to reinforce the army of Alto Peru. Frigate Maria Isabel will increase the maritime forces destined to blockade Valparaiso. The author has no doubt that “Our maritime force should succeed in destroying the rebels and will give us advantage in the reconquista de Chile.”

 

91. [COLORADO - MOUNT HOLY CROSS]
DYNES, Joseph (Canadian, 1825-1897)
[Sepia Watercolour and Ink Painting:] Mount of the Holy Cross, Colorado - Drawn from Nature by J. Dynes. Quebec V.C. [Canada].

1879. Watercolour ca. 25x40 cm (10x16 in). Mounted on period board with manuscript title on recto and verso. One small spot mildly rubbed, otherwise a very good watercolour.
This attractive painting by a listed Canadian artist shows the Mount of the Holy Cross, which "is the northernmost 14,000-foot mountain in the Sawatch Range, part of the Rocky Mountains in Colorado.., It was named for the distinctive cross-shaped snowfield on the northeast face. Under USDA Forest Service administration, the mountain was proclaimed "Holy Cross National Monument" by Herbert Hoover on May 11, 1929. The monument was transferred to the National Park Service in 1933.., This mountain has been the subject of painters, photographers and even a poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, (The Cross of Snow). The first publicly available photograph was published in National Geographic magazine. Thomas Moran depicted the mountain in an oil painting, which now is part of the collection of the Museum of the American West, part of the Autry National Center in Los Angeles, California.., The first recorded ascent of Holy Cross was in 1873, by F. V. Hayden and photographer W. H. Jackson during one of Hayden's geographical surveys" (Wikipedia).
"The Canadian painters Samuel C. Hawksett (act. 1856-1903) and Joseph Dynes (1825-1897).., opened their studio in Montreal in the early 1860s, advertising "Photographs taken in all sizes and painted in Oil or Water Colours." One product of their apparently brief collaboration is a painted photograph - Portrait of Alphonse Poitras - now in the collection of the Château de Ramezay in Montreal" (http://www.gallery.ca/bulletin/num20/thomas1.html).

 

92. [CUBA]
[EZPELETA ENRILE, Joaquin, Captain General of Cuba] (1788-1863)
[Two Official Letters to Joaquin Ezpeleta Enrile, Captain General of Cuba in 1838-1840, from U.S. Consuls in Havana and Trinidad de Cuba; the First one in English; and the Second One Translated into Spanish by a Havana Translator].

Letter from U.S. Consul Nicholas Philip Trist: Havana, Consulate of the United States of America, 18 April 1838. Folio (ca. 30,5x21,5 cm). 2 pp., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on paper, official ink stamp of the US Consulate in Havana in the upper left corner of the first leaf. Legible text in English. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good document.
Letter from U.S. Consul Thomas R. Gray translated into Spanish by Luis Paynes [?]: Havana, 29 September 1838 (original document: Trinidad de Cuba, 15 September 1838). Folio (ca 30x21 cm). 2 pp., with an integral blank leaf. Mild offset, fold marks, otherwise a very good document.

Two official letters to Joaquin Ezpeleta Enrile, Captain General of Cuba in 1838-1840, from Nicholas Philip Trist (1800-1847) and Thomas R. Gray, U.S. Consuls in Havana and Trinidad de Cuba. In the first letter Trist congratulates Ezpeleta Enrile on his appointment as the new Captain General of Cuba, and wishes that good relations between the two nations will continue. He reassures Ezpeleta that “to no other foreign country is an event of this nature so necessarily, so intensively or so deeply interesting, as it is to that which I have the honor to represent <…> I can form no better with for the very numerous class of my countrymen who have direct & special personal interests in the prosperity of this magnificent Island, and consequently in the way in which it may be governed, than that the expectation awakened by Y.E’s Proclamation may be fulfilled…”
In his letter to Joaquin Ezpeleta Enrile Thomas R. Gray, U.S. Consul in Trinidad de Cuba files a complaint regarding “an order from this city's chief of navy informing that all captains of American ships along with its passengers may need to present themselves in person,” which both “Spanish and American merchants as well as captains and passengers had complained to me about <…> I wish that Your Excellency will be kind enough to arrange that I be instructed competently and respectfully regarding that order so that my fellow citizens may find out about it with expected appropriateness” (in translation). The original letter was written in English (Trinidad de Cuba, 15 September 1838), but we have only an official Spanish translation of it, done two weeks later by a Havana translator Luis Paynes.
“Cuba and the United States of America have had an interest in one another since well before either of their independence movements. Plans for purchase of Cuba from the Spanish Empire were put forward at various times by the United States. As the Spanish influence waned in the Caribbean, the United States gradually gained a position of economic and political dominance over the island, with the vast majority of foreign investment holdings and the bulk of imports and exports in its hands, as well as a strong influence on Cuban political affairs. Following the Cuban Revolution of 1959, relations deteriorated substantially and have been marked by tension and confrontation since. The United States does not have formal diplomatic relations with Cuba and has maintained an embargo which makes it illegal for U.S. Corporations to do business with Cuba” (Wikipedia).

 

93. [GREENLAND]
CHARCOT, Jean-Baptiste (1867-1936)

Autograph Letter Signed ‘J. Charcot’ to ‘Un Monsieur’ About Latter’s Son’s Desire to Join the ‘Pourquoi-Pas?’ Crew. Neuilly-s-Seine, 5 May 1933. Quarto ca. 27 x 21 cm (10 ½ x 8 ¼ in). One page. Laid paper, folded twice, the text is written in ink in a legible hand, with the address printed on top. Very minor tear on fold, otherwise in very good condition.
[With:] An Original Press Photograph Oblong Octavo ca. 13 x 18cm (5 x7 inches) Dated 24 June 1934 Showing "Polar Explorer Honoured O.P.S.: Dr. Charcot, the famous French polar explorer, receiving a medal from Marshal Franchet d'Esperey at the Geographical Society today. On right is Mme Charcot, the servant's wife, on left Mme Waldeck-Rousseau, sister of Dr.Charcot." Photograph annotated in Spanish and with several stamps and pasted on notes in English and Spanish. A very good photograph.
These two items are related to the last expedition of the famous French Antarctic Explorer Jean-Baptist Charcot. Conducting an ethnographic survey of Greenland and Iceland in partnership with the French explorer Paul-Émile Victor, the crew of the ‘Pourquoi-Pas?' also mapped the region. The expedition ended with tragedy, when on 16 September 1936 the ship was caught in a violent cyclonic storm and was lost on the reefs off the coast of Iceland. Twenty-three of the crew were lost in the wreck and 17 survivors died before rescue came, leaving only one survivor, Eugène Gonidec, master steersman. Jean-Baptiste Charcot was one of the dead, aged 69 (Wikipedia).
The letter is from Charcot to an unidentified recipient whose son wished to join the crew of the expedition ship 'Pourquoi pas?.' Charcot would have liked to respond positively, but: "Le 'Pourquoi pas?' est armé par la Marine Nationale et son équipage ne peut être formé que par des marins d'Etat en activité. Si votre fils s'était trouvé sous les drapeaux au moment de la désignation de l'équipage j'aurais pu tenter une démarche au Ministère mais dans les conditions actuelles il n'y a malheureusement rien à faire." [The 'Pourquoi pas?' is outfitted by the Marine Nationale and its crew can only be formed from currently working Marine's servicemen. If your son was doing his national service at the time the crew was chosen, I could have tried and queried the Ministère. However, owing to these circumstances, there is nothing much that I can do]. Charcot also mentioned Doctor Louis Gain (1883-1963), the naturalist of the French Antarctic Expedition 1908-10, who directed the request to him. Regarding the date of the letter it’s likely related to Charcot’s last expedition departed for Greenland in 1934. In that case the letter is not only an interesting historical witness of the last Charcot’s expedition, but also a document which might have saved the life of a young French mariner.
The accompanying press photograph was taken shortly before Charcot left on this, his last expedition.

 

94. [GRENADA - ST. GEORGES]
TURNER, Captain Henry A. Royal Artillery (British, Active 1849-1853)
[Original Initialed Drawing Heightened in White Titled:] St. Georges, Grenada, W.I.

Ca. 1852. Drawing on brown paper, ca. 23,5x33,5 cm (9x13 in). Recently matted, a minor smudge on the upper left but otherwise a very good drawing.
This drawing is from a collection of watercolours and drawings of which several were initialed 'H.A.T.' on the mounts, and the majority were titled and dated 1851-52. "St. George's is the capital of Grenada. The city is surrounded by a hillside of an old volcano crater and is on a horseshoe-shaped harbor" (Wikipedia).

 

95. [JAMAICA]
[Two Detailed Manuscript Testimonials of a Voyage of the Merchant brig Jane to the West Indies in 1780, and the Circumstances of Her Shipwreck during the Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane, Notarially Certified in Montego Bay and London; With a Period Copy of Jane’s Portledge Bill for 1781].

Montego Bay (Jamaica) - London, 1780-1781. Three Folio Manuscripts (ca. 44x28 cm, ca. 40x26 cm and ca. 36,5x22 cm) folded to Octavos. 3, 1 and 3 pp each. Each brown ink on watermarked laid paper, each docketed on the last blank page. Two signed by deponents and notaries, one with two tax stamps and a notarial seal. Fold marks, but overall very good and legible documents.
Interesting collection of three original manuscripts revealing the story of the voyage of British merchant brig Jane to the West Indies in 1780 and her experience of the Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane on 3 October 1780, during which she was considerably damaged and a large part of her cargo was lost. The documents include an affidavit, compiled in Montego Bay (Jamaica) on 10 January 1781 and signed by Jane’s Commander James Jones, first mate William Barrey and boatswain Sever Brown. The affidavit was witnessed before Samuel Mottershed, Esq., a Justice for the parish of Saint James; and certified by Ralph Montague, Notary Public in Montego Bay (St. James parish, Cornwall County, Jamaica). The other document is a notarially certified “Declaration of a protest”, compiled after Jane’s return to Britain. The document is signed by James Jones and William Barrey and certified by a London notary on 31 August 1781. The last document is a period copy of Jane’s portledge bill, for the period from 30 January to September 1781, listing twenty-six crew members (including captain), their station, length of service, and amount of wages due and paid.
The affidavit and declaration of protest give a detailed account of Jane’s voyage to the Caribbean and the circumstances of her damage during the notorious Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane which struck Montego Bay where Jane had been moored, on 3 October 1780. Jane arrived to Kingston from London on 1 August 1780, under the escort of HMS Thunderer and other men-of-war; later that month she sailed for the Black River where she received a cargo of logwood, mahogany and pimento. In Montego Bay she was additionally loaded with sugar and rum. Whilst there Jane experienced a severe storm, and in spite of the attempt to find asylum in the mouth of the Great River, the brig drag both anchors and was driven to a reef where she was struck against the rocks many times. The ship was a wreck and couldn’t be taken off the reef for another three weeks. The cargo, anchors and guns were reloaded in order to lighten the ship, and when the time came to reload, it turned out that a large part of the cargo had been “washed about the beach owing to sundry gales of wind <…> and many pieces buried in the sand.” In spite of the “utmost endeavours” some part of cargo were never recovered.
Jane returned to Montego Bay on 27 January 1781 and on 17 March left the West Indies for London, in a convoy of ninety merchantmen, protected by HMS Edmont Graffton, Trident Bristol and Endymion. The long, five-month return trip was perilous, with her taking “a great deal of water <…> so as to keep the pump almost constantly going.” The next day after arrival the captain filed the present declaration of protest at the office of a London notary which solemnly stated: “I do protest against the Seas and bad weather, and particularly against the Violent Hurricane which the said Ship met with in Jamaica when taking on board her said Cargo as above mentioned for all Loss and Damage happened to the said Brig and Cargo;” he declared “that when the said Brig begun to take in her said Cargo at Jamaica aforesaid She was tight Staunch and Strong <…> and provided with all things needful for such a Brig and Voyage. That as well During the time the said Brig was on Shore in Jamaica as aforesaid, as at all other times, he this appearer and the Rest of the said Brig’s Company Exorted [sic!] themselves to the utmost of their Power and used their utmost Endeavours to preserve the said Brig and Cargo from Damage, so that what Loss and Damage hath happened to the said Brig and Cargo was intirely [sic!] occasioned by the means aforesaid and not through any insufficiency in the said Brig neglect of him appearer or any of his mariners.”

 

96. [MARQUESAS ISLANDS]
COLOMB, Joseph, Captain
[Two Autograph Letters Signed to Vice-Admiral Le Blanc and Admiral Guy-Victor Duperre discussing Colomb's Desire to be Sent to Serve France in the Marquesas Islands].

Both Rochefort, 27 and 28 December 1849. Each Large Octavo (ca. 25,5 x 19,5 cm). Each 2 pp. Brown ink on laid paper. Mild fold marks and creases, otherwise very good letters.
Two interesting letters giving an early mention of the French rule on the Marquesas Islands. The author, most likely addressing Vice-Admiral Le Blanc, Maritime Prefect of the Rochefort’s port, and Admiral Guy-Victor Duperré (1775-1846), tries to convince them to grant him an officer position in the French garrison on the Marquesas.
“Out of three regiments, of all adjutant captains, who live in France, I am one of the most senior officers, who has never been in the service in the colonies. Admiral, possibilities to go at war are very rare in the naval infantry, you may let me at least expose myself to some perils once my turn has come, and as I am entitled to it by right.” [from the letter to Le Blanc]
“In 1839, when you were the Minister of the Navy, it was in the most favourable manner that you welcomed a request of mine about a transfer from infantry regiments to the navy regiments <…> Admiral, that notable preferential treatment of yours makes me look for any opportunity to bring out greater services. A battalion has just been assigned to garrison in the Marquesas Islands. For a reason I cannot fathom out and contrary to orders, a captain adjutant-major, whose departure should not precede mine, has been appointed to join that battalion. I hold the most senior-ranking position of all adjutant-majors living in France and who have never served in the colonies. Either that right has been forgotten or it is not very well known. Admiral, the kindness you expressed in 1839 lets me hope that still today relying on your benevolent protection, I might get from the ministry a right of recall. Admiral Le Blanc, Rochefort's port admiral, to whom I forwarded my complaint through official channels, has allowed me to have it recognized.” [from the letter to Duperre].
"The American Maritime Fur Trader Joseph Ingraham first visited the northern Marquesas while commanding the brig Hope in 1791, giving them the name Washington Islands. In 1813, Commodore David Porter claimed Nuku Hiva for the United States, but the United States Congress never ratified that claim, and in 1842, France, following a successful military operation on behalf of a native chief (named Iotete) who claimed to be king of the whole of the island of Tahuata, took possession of the whole group, establishing a settlement (abandoned in 1859) on Nuku Hiva. French control over the group was re-established in 1870, and later incorporated into the territory of French Polynesia" (Wikipedia).

 

97. [MEXICAN WAR]
MCCALL, Mary Dickinson
[Autograph Letter Signed Mary Dickinson McCall to her renowned brother George McCall in the 4th Infantry care of the quartermaster in New Orleans, Recounting his Recent Heroism.]

Philadelphia, 15 June [1846]. Quarto (ca. 27x21 cm). Five Pages. Brown ink on light blue very thin wove paper. Address panel with Philadelphia postmark on verso of last leaf. With fold marks and minor wear but overall a very good letter in a legible hand.
George Archibald McCall (1802-1868) was a career Army officer who had just distinguished himself in the Battle of Palo Alto, the first major battle of the Mexican War. Here his sister reports that he was now "decidedly the most distinguished man in the Army, and more talked about in Washington than anyone else." A freshman representative from Mississippi named Jefferson Davis stated on the floor of Congress that McCall's "cool courage did so much to set a noble example before his men... a more gallant spirit never entered the field." McCall went on to serve as a Union general in the Civil War.

 

98. [MEXICAN WAR]
WILLIAMS, T. Aide de Camp (1815-1862)
[General Order # 54 Signed by “J. Williams, A.D. Camp,” Informing of the American Success in the Battle of Buena Vista during the Mexican-American War].

Headquarters, Army of U.S., Vergara, before Vera Cruz, 15 March 1847. Octavo (ca. 24x20,5 cm). 1 p. Brown ink on white paper. Written in secretarial hand and signed by T. Williams, docketed on verso. Mild fold marks, old mount residue on verso, otherwise a very good letter.
“The General-in Chief of the Army has received authentic information of a great and glorious victory, obtained by the aims of our country, under the successful Major General Taylor, at Buenavista, near Saltillo, on the 22 and 23 ultimo. The general results were 4,000 of the enemy killed and wounded, against our loss of 700 gallant men. General Santa Ana, on sustaining that overwhelming defeat, is known to have retreated upon San Luis de Potosi, and probably will not stop short of the Capital. The General-in-Chief imparts this glorious news to the army, that all, with him, may participate in the joy that is now spreading itself throughout the breadth of our Land.”
“The Battle of Buena Vista (February 23, 1847), also known as the Battle of Angostura, saw the United States Army use artillery to repulse the much larger Mexican Army in the Mexican–American War. Buena Vista, a village in the state of Coahuila, is seven miles (12 km) south of Saltillo, in northern Mexico. The battle was the last major battle in Northern Mexico. It was Taylor's greatest victory of the war, and his legendary command to Cap. Bragg helped him win election as President of the United States in 1848. Santa Anna was later forced to defend Mexico City against an army under Winfield Scott” (Wikipedia). Thomas Williams was a lieutenant upon signing this note, but later became a Brigadier General in the Union army.

 

99. [MEXICO - IXTACCIHUATL]
COVERLEY-PRICE, A. Victor (British, 1901-1988)
[A Grisaille Watercolour Signed "V. Coverley-Price" Titled:] Bivouac on Ixtaccihuatl (16,200 feet), Mexico.

Watercolour ca. 21,5x35 cm (8 ½ x 14 in), with typewritten title label mounted on verso. The watercolour, in period matting, is in very good condition with bright colours.
This attractive and skillfully executed watercolour by a listed artist known for his landscapes and urban scenes shows three mountaineers around a camp fire and two porters preparing to unload two pack horses to make camp, two other horses, most likely ridden by the mountaineers are tethered in the background. "Iztaccíhuatl is a 5,230 m (17,160 ft) dormant volcanic mountain in Mexico located on the border between the State of Mexico and Puebla. It is the nation's third highest, after Pico de Orizaba 5,636 m (18,491 ft) and Popocatépetl 5,426 m (17,802 ft)" (Wikipedia).

 

100. [MONTREAL]
RYLAND, Herman Witsius (1760-1838)
[Autograph Letter Signed “H.W. Ryland” to John Reid, Esq., Clerk of the Peace, Montreal].

Quebec, 13 July 1807. Folio (ca. 32x20,5 cm). 1 p., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on G. Pike laid paper watermarked “1805.” Fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
“The President having been informed that several Deserters from the Frigate now in this Harbour are endeavoring to make their way by land to the United States, his Honor desires you will apprize the Magistrates of Montreal of this Circumstance in order that every legal Means may be taken for apprehending such Seamen should they happen to be met with.”
Ryland came to Canada in 1793 as secretary to Governor-General Carleton, Lord Dorchester, and was civil secretary and clerk of the executive council of Lower Canada. Also he was adviser for several years to Sir James Henry Craig, Governor-in-Chief of Canada (1807-1811).

 

101. [MOUNTAINEERING - ACONCAGUA]
[De La MOTTE, Edward]
[Typewritten Manuscript Account of the Fifth Ascent of Aconcagua, by British Climber Edward de la Motte and American Mountaineer James Ramsey Ullman, Being also the First American Ascent of Aconcagua, Titled:] Horcones Valley and Aconcagua. February/March 1928.

Ca. 1928. Quarto (ca. 28,5x22 cm). 25 numbered leaves of typewritten text. Occasional period ink corrections in text. Vertical centrefold, first and last leaves with mild creases and traces of old staples removed, otherwise a very good manuscript.
Original typescript of the diary of Edward de la Motte, one of the participants of the fifth ascent of Aconcagua, the highest peak in the Americas, with his manuscript corrections in text. De la Motte’s climbing partner was a famous American mountaineer and writer James Ramsey Ullman (1907-1971), thus the expedition became the first American ascent of Aconcagua. The expedition party included two other members, named in the manuscript “Bromley” and “Mrs.” (a female). De la Motte gives a detailed description of the whole expedition from arrival to Retiro (Buenos Aires) on 25 February to the final arrival to Buenos Aires (on the way back) on 12 March 1828. The manuscript describes the mountaineers’ arrival in Mendoza, preparation and supplying of the expedition, trip to the Uspallata town and Puente del Inca, the long hike up the Horcones Valley, and all proceedings in the high camps on the mountain, including an acclimatization hike to the Buena Vista ridge and the summit day. The entries note the altitudes gained, pulse levels, experienced symptoms of mountain sickness, weight of loads carried, menus and preparations of the meals, frostbites et al. There are also several mentions of previous British expeditions to Aconcagua – by E. Fitzgerald and S. Vines (1897) and by J. Cochrane and M.F. Ryan (1925).
Some entries: “February 27th. Mrs. Togs up a la “complete mountaineer” in heavy boots and breeches, but fearing the populace slips out by a back entrance and gets nearly eaten by a yard full of dogs.” (p. 3).
“March 3rd. Base, night min. 28° 18,000 max. Pulse before starting: Ram 68, me 100. This is being written in Ryan’s tent with a snow storm outside, luckily the tent in perfectly sound, and apart from a little fine driven snow, all is snug inside. There is enough food for a week and between us we have 7 blankets, and eiderdown and a Jaeger sleeping bag. <…> Ram and I are comfortable with our feet tied in rucksacks and are able to laugh at the weather” (pp. 9-10).
“March 4th. Up at 8.30, rising consisting of putting on boots and balaclava and extricating oneself from the sleeping bag – in itself a laborious process and only to be performed with much gasping. This gasping is an altitude effect which neither of us can get over – headaches are things of the past, our appetites are tremendous, but the least exertion such as tightening a rope, leaving or entering the tent, opening a tin of sausages and even eating makes us gasp for breath” (p. 12).
“March 5th. [Summit Day]. Up 5 a.m. <…> Ram wearing his Ventana boots could only get on two pairs of socks – same as myself, so that to avoid frostbite we both tried to keep out toes moving inside our boots as far as possible. <…> Both of us were fairly near the limits of our endurance but the top was in view and at 4.30 we stepped out on the summit, very glad at being finished with the hard work of climbing. Driving snow clouds prevented the view to the South and what was worse, Ram could not find Ryan’s thermometers – the only object visible being an empty beer bottle. The top is of triangular shape with the Northern apex at the highest point. Photos were taken from the West tower which should identify the summit alright, at any rate, so far as Ryan and other climbers are concerned.
Ram got busy with a self timer – which like the meta cooker failed to work, the resulting messing about with which gave Ram four frostbitten fingers (unnoticed until considerably later). An ice axe with E.M. And A.R. Carved on the shaft was left, also a card with our names on was left in a small Yerma tin with one plasmon biscuit (sustenance for the next party that reaches the top)” (pp. 14-15).
James Ramsey Ullman was a noted American writer and mountaineer, official historian of the American Mount Everest Expedition 1963, the author of “The White Tower” (1945), “Banner in the Sky” (1954), “The Age of Mountaineering” (1954), “Tiger of the Snows” (together with Tenzing Norgay, 1955), “Americans on Everest” (1964), and others. Most of Ullman’s papers are now deposited in the Princeton University Library.
“The Andean career of Edward de la Motte apparently began in 1928 with Aconcagua, highest of all Andean peaks, and ended probably in 1946 with Sajama, highest of Bolivian mountains. With the well-known American novelist James Ramsey Ullman (author of the White Tower), he accomplished on 5 March 1928 the fifth ascent of Aconcagua” (Echevarria, E. Early British Ascents in the Andes, 1831-1946 // The Alpine Journal. 1987. Vol. 92. P. 63).

 

102. [PACIFIC]
BRUCE, Sir Henry William, Admiral (1792-1863)
[Collection of 32 Autograph Letters Signed “Henry Bruce”, Including 16 Complete, Addressed to his Daughter Jane, the wife of a RN Officer John Alexander, Discussing Bruce’s Appointment to the RN Pacific Station, Crimean War, Various Naval Topics, South American Affairs, and Social News; with Four Original Envelopes and a Letter to Bruce from his Friends in Santiago Inviting him for Dinner].

London, Oxenford, Liverpool, HMS “Monarch” et al., ca. 1854-1859. Of those dated: 31 May 1858 – 20 December 1859. With four original envelopes, two with postal stamps dated ‘1848’ and ‘1852’. 12mo. In total over 120 pages of text. Brown and black ink on different writing paper (white, pale blue, laid paper). With a large folded undated letter to Bruce from his friends in Santiago (ca. 1854-57). Sixteen of the thirty-two letters incomplete, fold marks, paper of some letters slightly age toned, otherwise a very good collection.
Interesting collection of private letters written by Admiral Sir Henry William Bruce, KCB, a Commodore of the RN West African station in the early 1850s, Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Station (25 November 1854 – 8 July 1857), and Commander-in-Chief in Portsmouth (since 1860). During his service on the West coast of Africa, Bruce took part in the Bombardment of Lagos (1851) and signed the Treaty between Great Britain and Lagos suppressing the slave trade (1 January 1852). When the Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Navy Pacific Station, Bruce initiated the construction of a military hospital in Esquimalt which became the first on-shore establishment of the Esquimalt Royal Navy base; which in its turn became the headquarters of the Pacific Station in 1865.
The collection includes Bruce’s private letters to his daughter Jane Letitia Troubridge Alexander (nee Bruce) written during his service at the Pacific Station and after his return; the Admiral confides to Mrs. Alexander his plans and thoughts, and shares the latest news from the British navy and high society.
The earliest letters written in 1854 announce Bruce’s appointment to the Pacific Station: "I have got the Pacific Command and must go by the next W. Indies packet and over the Isthmus. The packets are now uncertain being taken up for Troops. The Brisk is to sail from Portsmouth in a few days; will Alexander [Jane’s husband, a naval officer, see more below] like to go in her round the Horn or to accompany me? <…> The Indefatigable is to be my Flagship <…> Your loving father Henry Bruce Pacificus" (undated, incomplete). “I am to proceed on the 9 Decr. In the Cunard Steamer which goes direct to New York from Liverpool, where it is desirable that I should see Mr. Crampton (the English Minister) and thence to Panama, Alexander will accompany me…” (25 Nov. [1854]).
The second letter also contains an interesting note on the Crimean War and the fate of Sir Thomas St. Vincent Hope Cochrane Troubridge, who was severely wounded during the Battle of Inkerman: “I send you Col. Egerton’s account of St. Vincent. He was not with his Regt. Being Field Officer of the day on duty in a battery; he was sitting with his legs crossed, a round shot came and torn off both feet and part of one leg; he was operated on immediately under the influence of chloroform most successfully, and Graham saw him “so patient, so noble, and so brave, it brought tears to his eyes”; tho’ just come from tending his own numerous wounds. <…> St. Vincent himself writes that one foot will be saved. <…> The Russians seem to have had enough for a time".
Another letter relates to his service as the Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Station: “The Trincomalee has gone on from Hilo bay; the Packet is expected on Tuesday, and is of importance for Public News; the Monarch will await the mail here and then proceed direct to Vancouver Is.” (ca. 1855-1858).
Several letters relate to various South American affairs – “Castilla has landed in safely and […] in full pursuit of […]" (undated, regarding the Ecuadorian-Peruvian territorial dispute of 1857-60); “Logan tells me that Loyd is reinstalled in the Railway &c. Which shews good sense on the part of the Chilean Govt. That […?] Petrie managed to displace Roses; Logan went to the Comy. Here about it, and told them Rose was the most valuable servant of the two; he was told he came too late, but that Petrie must be at Callao, not Valpo. As he intended” (19 November 1858; regarding the Lima and Callao Railway Company); regrets about not being able to go to Lima - “my correspondence much increased by the late events” (undated, written on board HMS “Monarch”).
Other subjects include promotion of Jane’s husband John Richard Alexander (31 May 1858); naval career of Bruce’s youngest son “Jimmy” (future Rear Admiral James Minchin Bruce, 1833-1901); Bruce’s intentions to ask for a flagship “in the beginning of the next year” (20 December 1859); naval promotions, movements and deaths, i.e. “Fremantle gets the Channel fleet: a very bad and favouritism appointment. I am very glad it is not me,” “I see Tryon is appointed second of the Queen’s yacht…”; “If Alexander is not perfectly satisfied of the soundness of the ship, he ought to give her up and return to seek[?]; and not burthen himself with the responsibility of the valuable lives of so many men"; criticism of the Admiralty; Lord Palmerston "was twice in minorities, but they say will not retire”; notes about numerous social events – balls, “fetes,” dinners, pleasure trips; social gossip; family news; doesn't want to visit a house when "old Mother Stinkpot" is there; and others. One letter is supplemented with a poem praising life in Lamington written by Bruce; another one – with his humorous self-portrait made in ink.
John Richard Alexander (1829-1869) was a British naval officer and a flag lieutenant to Henry Bruce in 1852-54 (HMS Penelope, West African station) and in 1854-57 (HMS President and HMS Monarch, Pacific Station). In the early 1860s he was appointed the Captain of the screw sloop HMS Ariel off the coast of Africa. Alexander married Bruce’s daughter Jane in Sierra Leone in 1853.

 

103. [PENNSYLVANNIA]
[Very Attractive Original Manuscript Autograph Book of Members the Pennsylvania House of Representatives Titled in Calligraphy:] Autographs of the Members and Officers of the Members and Officers of the Legislature of Pennsylvania, Session 1843. Designed by J. A. Reigart for Mr. Isaac G. McKinley, State Printer.

1843. Large Octavo (21x16,5 cm). Ca. 100 leaves. Ca. 40 unnumbered leaves of autographs, some leaves with hand drawn coloured vignettes and decorative borders for the autographs in calligraphy, and additionally illustrated with four steel engraved city views and one page with two lithographed oval portraits of James K. Polk and George M. Dallas. Attractive period brown elaborately gilt and blind stamped full straight grained sheep. Expertly rebacked in style, first few leaves with very mild water staining but overall a near fine autograph book. Originally bound by Hickok & Cantine Binders, Harrisburg, P.A., with their blind stamp on the front pastedown.
Original Manuscript Autograph Book of Members the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, Including the Autograph of Pennsylvania's Ninth Governor David R. Porter (1788-1867), and the Autographs of the Electors who Voted for James K. Polk in 1844.
An important piece of Pennsylvania Legislature history, an album signed by the state's representatives from each county, during the 1843 session. Also signed by the Electors who voted for the James K. Polk, in 1844. The City of Philadelphia and then Philadelphia County are the first two pages, each signed by 7 and 8 representatives respectively. Most notably signed by David R. Porter, the ninth Governor of Pennsylvania from 1839-1845 and his chief staff. Porter was the first Governor under the State Constitution of 1838. He was elected for two terms, and was denied a third term by the Legislature. Porter was a proponent of improving roads and canals to expedite transport of iron works, an industry in which he was a financier and manager prior to politics. The state went into heavy debt as a result of his aggressive spending, but eventually recovered.

 

104. [PERU - PUNA]
COVERLEY-PRICE, A. Victor (British, 1901-1988)
[A Grisaille Watercolour Signed "V. Coverley-Price" Titled:] Camp At 12,000 feet on the edge of the Puna in the Andes of Central Peru.

Ca. 1925. Watercolour ca. 21,5x35 cm (8 ½ x 14 in), with typewritten title label mounted on verso. The watercolour, in period matting, is in very good condition with bright colours.
This attractive and skillfully executed watercolour by a listed artist known for his landscapes and urban scenes shows three mountaineers in camp with two tents and three horses in the background. "The Puna grasslands.., are found in the central Andes Mountains.., above the tree line at 3200–3500 m elevation, and below the permanent snow line above 4500-5000 m elevation" (Wikipedia).

 

105. [SAMOA - APIA]
[Album with Thirty-five Original Photographs of Samoa, Complied by an American Tourist on a stop There in 1899 Travelling on the H.M.S. Alameda; Includes Three non Samoan views].

Ca. 1899. 14 leaves. Twelve albumen photos ca. 15x23,5 cm (6 x 9 ½ in), four albumen photos ca. 15,5x13,5 cm (6 x 5 ½ in), and eighteen gelatin silver photos ca. 8,5x8,5 cm (3 ½ x 3 ½ in). Photographs mounted on grey card stock leaves and captioned in manuscript black ink on mounts. Overall the photographs are sharp images with good tonal range. Period dark brown full morocco. Rebacked in style, overall the album is in very good condition and the images are generally strong and sharp with only a few of the smaller ones mildly faded.
The strong images in this album include: A group of Samoans and Mrs. Robert Louis Stevenson; Apia Street; Native Village, Samoa; Main Street, Apia; General View Apia; Native Handiwork, Samoa; R.M.S. "Alameda:" Deck Scene, Native Visitors, Samoan Belles; Bush Scene, Samoa; ; Belle of the Village, Samoa; The Old King, Mataafa, Samoa; The New King, Maluita (sic), Samoa; Anglican Mission School, Apia; Mission Station, Apia; Apia Harbour; Mountain Lake, Samoa; Native Sports, Samoa; Native Village, Samoa; Several more views of Samoans and their dwellings. With three non Samoan views: Auckland from Devonport; Palace, Honolulu; Native Kraal, South Africa. This historically interesting album shows Samoa just before it became German Samoa, a German protectorate from 1900 to 1914.

 

106. [SINGAPORE & HAWAII]
[Attractive Lacquered Album with 112 Original Photographs of Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Hawaii Taken During an Around the World Trip Titled]: Around the World, 1900.

1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 32,5x41 cm). With112 gelatin silver prints of various size mounted on 21 stiff card leaves, including 10 large images, ca. 25,5x29 cm (ca. 10 x 11 ½ in), and three large colour photos, ca. 20x26 cm (ca. 8x10 ¼ in). Manuscript ink captions on the mounts. Original lacquered Japanese album with leather spine, marbled paper endpapers, all edges gilt. Rebacked in style, boards slightly rubbed and neatly repaired on the corners, minor foxing of the endpapers, otherwise a very good album.
The album includes photos taken by a British traveller during a trip around the world, dated 20 March – 31 August 1900. The author left London in the beginning of March on the P.& O. Steamer Arcadia and proceeded to Port Said and Colombo, where he changed to the R.M.S. Chusan for Hong Kong. After calling at Penang and Singapore he arrived to Hong Kong, and visited Canton and Macao. Then he proceeded to Japan, arriving to Kobe on 4 May and travelling around the country until the end of June. On 20 June he left on S.S. “Futami Maru”, calling at Manila, Samoa, and Hawaii. One of the last photos dated 31 August 1900 shows the Niagara Falls.
The images of Japan comprise the majority of the album (63) and include views of Yokohama harbour, Tokyo (Kameido shrine, private house owned by certain Englishman Milne et al.), Kiga, a series of images of the Nikko shrines with the “celebrated Red Lacquer Bridge”, Eaimitsu temple, Karamon gate, bronze Torii, “Avenue of criptomenia trees”, botanical garden et al. Interesting in the image of the “fish flags” waving in Nikko during the Tango no Sekku or the Boys Holiday – “the idea is that as the fish swims against the stream, so may the boy ‘swim’ through life”. The author also took a series of photos of a temple procession in Nikko, with a picture of “3 gold shrines, 75 men to carry each. These are not allowed to be photographed”. Other images shows street musicians, small tea houses and hotels, Kyoto geishas, Nagoya Castle, Nara City et al. Three colour photos show Lake Hakone and Mount Fuji. The album opens with a self portrait of the compiler shown mounted on a horse, with his guide Hirakata, at the Otome Toge pass where “one gets a magnificent view of Fujiyama”.
A series of interesting photos of China include view of the Hong Kong harbour with the building of the Club, “the Queen’s road” and monument to the Queen Victoria in Hong Kong, view of Macao taken from the hotel ‘Boa Vista’, several dreadful images of execution of pirates in Canton, native boats crowded on the Canton river, a portrait of the travelling party at the palace of “Li Hung Chang” (Li Hongzhang, 1823-1901, a noted Chinese politician) et al. The beginning of the album numbers 14 views of Port Said, Colombo, Penang and Singapore, with street views, native boats with painted eyes in the bows, diving boys, and islands near Singapore which “we were passing nearly all day & each one seemed more beautiful that the last”. In the end of the album there are over a dozen photos of Manila, Samoa and Hawaii with large views of Honolulu, scenes of “Cricket at Apia”, portraits of natives, Hawaiian dancers et al.

 

107. [TEXAS - SAN ANTONIO]
LEE, V.H.
[Attractive Original Signed Watercolour Titled:] Conception Mission, San Antonio, Texas.

San Antonio, Texas, 1845? Watercolour on paper ca. 23x30 cm (9x12 in). Captioned in pencil. Recently matted watercolour in very good condition.
A well executed and atmospheric watercolour of this San Antonio landmark. A very faint "45" can be seen to the right of the signature. "Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña (also Mission Concepcion) was established in 1716 as Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de los Hainais in East Texas. It was originally meant to be a base for converting the Hasinai. The mission was moved in 1731 to San Antonio. After its relocation most of the people in the mission were Pajalats who spoke a Coahuiltecan language. Founded by Franciscan friars, this is the best preserved of the Texas missions.
The Battle of Concepción was fought here on October 28, 1835 between Mexican troops under Colonel Domingo Ugartechea and Texan insurgents led by James Bowie and James Fannin. The 30-minute engagement, is described as "the first major engagement of the Texas Revolution" by historian J.R. Edmondson" (Wikipedia).

 

108. [TIMOR SEA]
[Brown Sepia Watercolour View of the Coast of Timor with Natives Boats, and a Mountainous Shore in the Distance].

Ca. 1820es. Brown watercolour and pencil on paper, ca. 15,5x23 cm (6x9 in). Recently matted, very good watercolour.
The view obviously taken from the ship’s deck, shows the inhabitants of Timor approaching in boats in attempt to sell their goods; a mountainous shore reveals itself in the background.
The drawings were made during one of the voyages of ‘Elphinstone’, and the artist was very likely the crew member, Lieutenant William Bowater (the sketch book was inscribed in ink with the initials 'W.B.' on the front endpaper). Bowater was later dismissed from the navy.
“On the 2nd of November, 1829, a court-martial, presided over by Captain R. Morgan, of the Marine, was convened at Bombay, to inquire into certain charges for “insubordinate and disrespectful conduct” on the part of Lieutenant W. Bowater, of the Hon. Company’s ship ‘Elphinstone’, preferred against him by his commanding officer, Captain F.W. Greer and that the sentence of the Court, which was dismissal from the service, was confirmed by the Commander-in-chief of the Bombay Army, Lieutenant-General Sir Sydney Beckwith, K.C.B” (Low, C.R. History of the Indian Navy. 2 vols. Vol. 1. London, 1877. P. 498-499).
The Honourable East India Company’s sloop-of war ‘Elphinstone’, of 18 guns and 387 tons, “was built by Hilhouse & Sons and launched in 1824. She operated out of London as an East Indiaman and participated with the Royal Navy in the New Zealand land wars. She was sold in 1862” (Wikipedia). The ‘Elphinstone’ sailed to the Mediterranean, around the southern tip of Africa and on to the East Indies and Australia.
As Richard Burton noted in ‘First footsteps in East Africa’, the sloop carried out a naval blockade of the Somalian coast in 1825-1833, after a British brig from the Mauritius had been seized, plundered and broken up near Berberah in 1825. “The ‘Elphinstone’ sloop of war (Capt. Greer commanding) was sent to blockade the coast; when her guns opened fire, the people fled with their wives and children, and the spot where a horseman was killed by a cannon ball is still shown on the plain near the town”. <…> Eventually “the Somal bound themselves to abstain from future attacks upon English vessels, and also to refund by annual statements the full amount of plundered property. For the purpose of enforcing the latter stipulation it was resolved that a vessel of war should remain upon the coast until the whole was liquidated. When attempts at evasion occurred, the traffic was stopped by sending all craft outside the guardship, and forbidding intercourse with the shore. The ‘Coote’, the ‘Palinus’ and the ‘Tigris’, in turn with the ‘Elphinstone’, maintained the blockade through the trading season till 1833 (Burton, R. First Footsteps in East Africa. London, 1856. P. Xxxiv-xxxv).

 

109. [URUGUAY]
[PEACOCK, Alfred?]
[Original Two Unsigned Watercolours, One Titled:] "Quarantine Station - Flores Island - off Montevideo."

Ca. 1889. Watercolours each ca. 9x17 & 20 cm (4 x 7 & 8 in.). Recently matted, overall very good watercolours.
The watercolours show a lighthouse and quarantine station and an official camp with a British merchant navy flag. "Isla de Flores is a small island in the Rio de la Plata, 21 miles southeast of Punta Carretas, Montevideo, Uruguay.., Flores was named by Sebastián Gaboto, who discovered it on Easter Sunday 1527.., It has a historic lighthouse, which was the subject of an 1819 treaty, by which Uruguay lost the Misiones Orientales. This lighthouse, of Portuguese origin, entered service in 1828. It was dubbed "the world's most expensive lighthouse" . The lighthouse is now under the jurisdiction of the Uruguayan Navy. It is 37 meters high and flashes twice every 10 seconds" (Wikipedia).

 

110. [WASHINGTON STATE - MOUNT RAINIER]
BARNES, Albert Henry (1876-1920)
[Album of Twenty-four Original Photographs of Mount Rainier National Park, Titled]: Sights and Scenes.

Ca. 1910. Oblong Quarto (21x28,5 cm), 12 stiff card leaves with tissue guards. Large mounted silver gelatin prints, the majority ca. 14x20 cm (5 ½ x 7 ¾ in), with a few smaller ones ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in). Most images with period ink captions, some inscribed in negative on the lower margins. Period black quarter cloth album with dark grey papered boards and a paper title on the front cover. Album slightly soiled and rubbed, but overall a very good album with strong clear images.
This photo album contains photos of the famous park’s landmarks, including distance and close up views of Mt. Rainier, Tatoosh Mountains and Paradise Valley, Mt. Adams, mountainous scenery taken from Beljica Peak and the Saw Tooth Range, views of Nisqually, Paradise and Mashel Rivers, Rainier Fork (a tributary of the American River), Narada Falls of the Paradise River et al; photos of Reflection, Mineral and Clear Lakes; forest sceneries include a picture of a road “3 miles above Elbe,” two portraits of a ranger with a gun posing in front of a large “Fir tree on Roundtop Creek, Lewis Co. Wn. Diam. Over 13 Ft”, and a photo of two hunters carrying a deer.
“Both a photographer and a painter, Albert Henry Barnes photographed the people, the cities and the landscapes of the Pacific Northwest. Well known as both a photographer and an oil painter, he documented images of the landscape, people, and cities and towns of Western Washington around the turn of the 20th century. However, little is known about his life. He apparently operated out of studios both in Parkland and Tacoma. His images appeared in some local newspapers from 1905-1915. He also wrote descriptive articles for photography magazines, railroad publications, and travel books. In 1909, he photographed, wrote and published a work entitled: Sights and scenes from Tacoma to Paradise Park: forty-eight views. In 1911, in collaboration with his friend A.H. Denman, he published his best-known work: "Our Greatest Mountain and Alpine Regions of Wonder". The work contained a number of Barnes landscape photographs, as well as a color reproduction of his painting entitled "Mount Tacoma".
In addition to his publication work, he provided services for the Washington State Historical Society such as documenting commemorative services for some of the historical markers erected by the society. Among the photographs in this collection are images of unidentified homesteaders, early scenes in Mount Rainier National Park, the Columbia River Gorge, hotels and lodges in Western Washington, and scenes of Tacoma” (Albert Henry Barnes Photographs/ Washington University Libraries on-line).

 

111. [WEST INDIES - FRENCH TRADE]
[Manuscript Journal in English Titled:] An Arrêt for Establishing a Council of Commerce, Paris, [29th June] 1700.

Ca. 1700. [ii], 11, 196 pp. Manuscript journal written in a neat and easily legible cursive script in brown ink on laid paper, with the ownership inscription "Sam Browns - 1735." Handsome period dark brown elaborately gilt tooled panelled full calf with gilt title label. Rebacked in period style, some very minor foxing but overall in very good condition.
This English translation of the 1700 Paris Arrêt of the King's Council of State for Establishing a Council of Commerce, contains petitions and reports presented by the deputies of the Council of Trade in France to the Royal Council. This manuscript almost certainly pre-dates the printed bilingual version in French and English which was published in Paris in 1701. The main articles contained include: "A memorial concerning the Guinea Company, the commerce of the French colonies in America, the present state of the islands, which the French possess there, & the means of preserving & extending their trade in those parts; with remarks upon the restraining some branches of commerce to certain ports & upon exclusive companies, as also on farms certain commodities, particularly the farms of tobacco and sugar" (this article describes the French colonies in the West Indies including French Guiana, Grenada, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint-Kitts, Saint Croix, Dominican Republic, Dominica, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint Martin with details on their size, number of colonists, slaves, conditions of the soil and main settlements and crops also being given). Another article describes French commerce with the Levant and why Marseilles "alone has the privilege of trading thither." Other articles describe how French trade can be restored with Spain and the Northern Countries. While one other important issue discussed is the "scarcity of gold & silver bullion, & the exportation of coin out of the kingdom." France's King Louis XIV of France wanted to restore, improve and expand trade after the Nine Years' War had been concluded with the Treaty of Ryswick and so this Arret represents a comprehensive study of the state of French trade and how these goals could be accomplished.

 

112. [WEST INDIES - HISPANIOLA]
LILLINGSTON, Luke (1653-1713)
Reflections on Mr. Burchet's Memoirs: Or Remarks on His Account of Captain Wilmot's Expedition to the West-Indies.

London, 1704. First Edition. Octavo. [xviii], 171 pp. Period dark brown blind stamped panelled full calf, re-backed in style with red gilt label. Cover corners worn, otherwise a very good copy.
"Lillingstone's battalion took part in Robert Wilmot's expedition to Jamaica in 1695, sent in response to alarmist reports that the island had fallen to France. In reality, French forces under Du Casse, based in Hispaniola, had simply raided Jamaica, although much property had been destroyed. Wilmot and Lillingstone attacked the French-held section of Hispaniola in ill-conceived and poorly co-ordinated operations, failing to dislodge Du Casse from the south of the island. Wilmot died late in 1695 but, when Lillingstone returned to England in 1696, he submitted to the council of trade and plantations a scathing indictment of Wilmot's conduct. At the root of the problem was a clash of personalities resulting in a failure of army-navy co-operation. Lillingstone's weakened battalion was disbanded in 1697 and he was reduced to half-pay until 1705, although he was compensated by the retrospective grant of a pension of £200 by Queen Anne on 9 March 1702. In 1702 Lillingstone published an account of the Hispaniola operations and his reputation was further damaged by the rejoinder of Josiah Burchett, secretary of the Admiralty"(Oxford DNB); "Burchett evidently made some unfavorable remarks concerning Col. Lillingston's conduct in the West Indian Naval operations during 1694-97, and in this work the Colonel gives further particulars concerning the expeditions against Martinique and St. Domingo in which he was in command of the landing parties"(Cox II, p438).
"Colonel Lillingston was Lieutenant-Colonel of Colonel Ffoulkes’s regiment of foot in the Martinique expedition in February to October, 1693. His brother, Jarvis Lillingston, an officer of Gustavus Hamilton’s (20th) foot, was made Major in Ffoulkes’s, and died on the expedition. Colonel Ffoulkes also died on the expedition, and Luke Lillington obtained the colonelcy. The expedition miscarried, and Lillingston’s regiment was put on board the homeward-bound men-of-war at Newfoundland and Boston to supply the place of seamen. The regiment, 670 strong, was broken at Plymouth by order of Lord Cutts, and reformed with six hundred men of the regiment and six hundred of Colt, Norcott, and Farrington (29th foot), in December, 1694, and embarked as a reinforcement for Jamaica in January, 1695. That island, still suffering from the effects of the Port Royal earthquake of 1602, had been harried by buccaneering attacks from the French settlement in Hispaniola (St. Domingo). A naval squadron, under Captain Robert Wilmot, with Lillingston’s troops on board, acting in concert with the Spaniards, took and destroyed the French port of Porto Paix, Hispaniola. Thereupon the English troops withdrew to Jamaica, and Governor William Beeston reported that Lillingston’s regiment was so weak and sickly that he had to send them into the country for change of air. Lillingston went home to recruit, and made various claims on the Government. His regiment disappeared from the rolls on the peace of Ryswick, and he published this reply to Burchett’s account of the Porto Paix affair, to which Burchett issued a rejoinder." (Maggs Catalogue (Publ. 1928); Sabin 41072.

 

113. [WESTERN STATES & BC RAIL TRAVEL]
[Album of 99 Original Photographs of Railway Travel in Colorado, Utah, California, Oregon, Washington State and British Columbia].

Ca. 1890. With 99 albumen prints each ca. 6x10,5 cm (2 ½ x 4 ½ in), all captioned in manuscript black ink. Period dark brown full cloth album by the Heinn Specialty Co.. Album with some mild rubbing of extremities but the images are generally strong and sharp.
The photographs from this album were obviously taken while the photographer was travelling to the various places by train and include many images of trains, stations, tracks and photos obviously taken from a train. The interesting images in this album include: Colorado (14) including Garden of the Gods, Grand Canyon, Salida Junction, Malta Junction & Glenwood Springs; Utah (8) including Saltair Beach and Pavilion, Indian Squaws etc.; California (42) including Benecia and Port Costa Ferry, Medina Special, San Francisco Bay, Mt. Tamalpais, Piedmont Park, Pasadena, Santa Catalina Island (Avalon Harbor), Chandler Ranch, Tropoco, Shasta Springs & Mount Shasta; Oregon (4x Portland); Washington State (4) including Seattle, Lake Washigton, Wolley; British Columbia CPR views (27) including Agassiz, Spuzzum, Revelstoke, Albert Canyon, Selkirk Mountains, Ross Peak, Rose Peak, Sir Donald Peak and Cascade, Glacier Mountain, Stoney Creek, Kicking Horse River, Otter Tail Mountain & Cathedral Mountain. The album overall gives a good impression of what early train travel in the Western States and British Columbia was like.

 

114. [WORLD & CARIBBEAN CRUISE]
BOND, Frances Eileen Berkswell
[Album with over a Hundred Original Photographs Compiled During Two Cruises: a 1931-1932 World Cruise on RMS “Empress of Britain” Showing Jerusalem, Cairo, Bombay, Colombo, Batavia, Bangkok, Beijing, the Great Wall of China, Japan, Hawaii, Panama Canal, and others; and a 1934 Cruise around the Caribbean, Showing Nassau, Jamaica, Colon in Panama, Cartagena, La Guaira in Venezuela, Trinidad, Barbados and others; Titled:] World Cruise. From Monaco to Southampton. December 15th 1931 – April 16th 1932. Q.S.T.S. “Empress of Britain;” Cruise to the West Indies. From Southampton to Southampton. January 27th – March 8th 1934. R.M.S. “Homeric.”

1931-1934. Oblong Folio (ca. 28,5x38,5 cm). 48 stiff card leaves. Over a hundred gelatin silver prints, many by a cruise ship photographer, including eleven large images ca. 18x23 cm (7x9 in), and over sixty ca. 11x15,5 cm (4 ¼ x 6 ¼ in). Over thirty images are captioned in negative and bear a blind stamp “White Star Line. Homeric Cruises Copyright.” With several real photo postcards and numerous ephemera, cut-out photo portraits of the travelers and silhouettes of the cruise ships. With two period handwritten titles marking two cruises; all images with period handwritten captions. Period decorative tapa cloth album with gilt lettered title “Aloha. Hawaii” on the front cover, spine is stitched through on top and bottom with a string. Corners slightly bumped, first leaf loosely inserted, but overall a very good album with strong images.
Interesting private keepsake album illustrating two cruises – a world cruise on board RMS “Empress of Britain,” one of the first travels of this liner (in service since 1931), and a cruise around the Caribbean on board RMS “Homeric.” The album was compiled by a young British girl, Frances Eileen Berkswell Bond who went on both cruises with her family and friends. Interesting images from the first cruise include large professionally taken views of the Bangkok Temples (Temple of the Sleeping Buddah and Temple of the Emeral Buddah), Taj Mahal, Panama Canal, and the Acropolis; several large group portraits of the “Empress of Britain’s” passengers, including two of the parties dressed for fancy balls (in “Egyptian” and “Chinese-Japanese” styles); views of Jerusalem, Cairo and the pyramids, feluccas on the Nile, burning ghat in Bombay, Colombo harbour and Mount Lavinia beach; locals washing laundry in a Batavia canal; a scene of the crossing the Line celebration on board the “Empress of Britain;” a native hut in Batavia; the Forbidden City of Beijing; Great Wall of China; the Aloha Tower and Waikiki Beach in Honolulu; a street in San Francisco; Panama Canal administration building in Balboa; and others. A number of images portray Eileen, her family and friends, several pieces of ephemera relate to the ship’s tennis tournament which Eileen took part in and won (in the mixed doubles). There is also an interesting printed “Certificate” given to Eileen by “Neptune, the Great God of all the High Seas” after crossing the Equator and appointing her “one of our most worthy subjects.”
The second cruise is illustrated in 37 original photos apparently produced by the ship’s photographer and bearing a blind stamp “White Star Line. Homeric Cruises Copyright.” Interesting images show the harbour and water tanks at Tenerife, harbor of St. Lucia, swimming pool deck of RMS Homeric, a panorama and a view of the sponge market in Nassau (Bahamas), swimming pool of the Bournemouth Club in Jamaica, the statue of Columbus at Colon (Panama), street views of Cartagena, photos of a harbor and a street of La Guaira (Venezuela), mountain scenery “En route to Caracas,” coconut and sugarcane plantations in Trinidad and Barbados, Pitch Lake on Trinidad, and others (Madeira, Gibraltar, Barcelona, Monaco, Monte Carlo, Ajaccio, Algiers, and Tangier). Over a dozen images portray the travelers and their friends, including a large photo of participants of a fancy dress ball “held in Mid. Atlantic;” there are also a number of cut out portraits of the ship’s passengers and crew. The album closes with a large wedding portrait of the album’s compiler with her husband.
Overall a vivid picturesque representation of ocean cruises in the early thirties.

 









 
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