April 2018 - Exploration, Travels & Voyages - Asia

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[Five Indian School Watercolour, Ink and Pencil Portraits Signed “CP,” Showing the Traditional Dress of People and Leaders in the Kingdom of Caubul [Kabul] During the Durrani Dynasty (1747-1842) Perhaps used as the Original Archetype Illustrations for Montstuart Elphinstone's, 1815 Book “An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul, and its Dependencies in Persia, Tartary, and India; comprising a view of the Afghaun Nation, and a history of the Doorauni Monarchy.”].

Сa. 1815. Five cut-out portraits drawn in ink, pencil and watercolour drawings each ca. 21x12,5 cm (8 ½ x 5 in) or smaller, mounted on brown, beige or white leaves each ca. 28,5x22 cm (11 ¼ x 8 ½ in). Two drawings are woven into their leaves with ribbons, two drawings have thin ribbons pasted on top. All are signed “CP” in period manuscript brown ink on drawing or leaves and titled in period manuscript black ink on the leaves, with hand-drawn embellishments in ink. Two leaves have stains along one edge but all drawings are in very good condition.
This historically interesting collection of Indian school portraits were perhaps used the original archetype illustrations for the book by Montstuart Elphinstone (1779-1859) titled “An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul,” which was published in 1815. The preface of the book states that several of the illustrations (including the drawing of an Eusofzye in this collection) were drawn by Lieutenant R. M. Grindlay, while the rest of the illustrations were drawn by Indian artists. They show in great detail costumes of the Kingdom of Caubul and its dependencies (including Tartary) during the Durrani Dynasty (1747-1842). All but one of the drawings show portraits of people standing (one image shows the “Chaous Bauchee” on a horse), however all show clear depictions of dress, shoes, headwear and weapons.
Drawing Captions (book plate #'s in brackets): An Hazurch (PL. XII); An Eusofzye or Chief in the kingdom of Caubul (Pl. VI) ; A Taujik in the summer dress of Caubul (PL. IV); A Khojeh of Uzbec Tartary (PL. X); The Chaous Bauchee in his drefs of office (PL. XIII).
“Elphinstone was appointed ambassador to the Afghan court of Cabul in 1808. He went on to serve as Governor of Bombay and ultimately was offered the Governor-Generalship of India, though he declined. "It is remarkable that a man so skeptical, retiring, unselfish and modest should be one of the chief founders of the Anglo-Indian empire" (DNB). “The Durrani dynasty was founded in 1747 by Ahmad Shah Durrani at Kandahar, present Afghanistan. He united the different Pashtun tribes and created the Durrani Empire with his Baloch allies which included the most of present-day Pakistan, and the Kashmir and Punjab regions of present-day India. The Durrani dynasty was composed of ethnic Pashtuns and Baloch Durranis were replaced by the Barakzai dynasty during the early half of the 19th century. Ahmad Shah and his descendants were from the Sadozai line of the Durranis (formerly known as Abdalis), making them the second Pashtun rulers of Kandahar after the Hotakis.[3] The Durranis were very notable in the second half of the 18th century mainly due to the leadership of Ahmad Shah Durrani. In 1826, the kingdom was claimed by Dost Mohammad Khan but in 1839 Shujah Shah Durrani was re-installed with the help of British Indiaduring the First Anglo-Afghan War. In 1841 a local uprising resulted in the killing of the British resident and loss of mission in Kabul and the 1842 retreat from Kabul to Jalalabad.” (Wikipedia)


GARDNER, Edward (1784-1861) [Resident in Kathmandu in 1816-29]
[Autograph Letter Signed to a Superior (Most likely Governor-General of Bengal, Francis, Earl of Moira, later 1st Marquis of Hastings) Reporting the Latest Intelligence Including Troop Strengths and Movements of the Gurkhas (Nepali Troops) in the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814-16].

Hawalbagh, 18th Dec. 1815. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 6 pp. Brown ink on beige wove paper Original fold marks, otherwise in very good condition.
An historically important letter written by Gardner from Hawalbagh during the ratification period of the Treaty of Segauli. The letter starts with information about Nepali troop strength in Kumaon which "does not appear to be above four or five hundred men at present" Other Nepalese troops "are said to have gone to the East towards Nepal." Generally of the Nepalese troops "there does not seem to be any of that bustle among them that one would expect on the eve of an invasion notwithstanding the warlike preparations on our side - it certainly has not the appearance of war on the part of the Gurkhas." Also mentioned is a letter Gardner received from Colonel Gardiner from the Gurakhpur frontier where Gardiner says "nobody knows anything about the Gurkhas in that quarter. That they are neither seen nor heard of or appear from what he can learn, to be making any preparations for defence, however in not seeing them he says is no proof that they are unprepared for us." Gardner "played a crucial role in bringing Nepal into treaty relations with the British in India" (Watson, Lost Botanist of Nepal). For his services Gardner was rewarded by being made Resident (Honoray Consul) to the court of the Rajah in Kathmandu in 1816, where he remained as Resident for the next 14 years; "With his deep understanding and strong liking of the people of Nepal, he was the perfect person for the job and against the odds he largely succeeded" (Watson). Gardner was also a passionate plant collector but his "prolific collections and his pioneering contribution to Himalayan botany are largely unknown to modern botanists" (Watson).


[Original Japanese Manuscript Report on the Kagoshima Incident (15-17 August, 1863), Mentioning the Japanese Naval Commander Naohachi Inoue – future Admiral Inoue Yoshika, Noting the Casualties on the ships of the British Squadron (HMS Euryalus, HMS Pearl, HMS Coquette, HMS Argus, HMS Perseus, and HMS Racehorse) etc.]

Bunkyu 3 (November, 1863). Original manuscript in Japanese characters, ca. 27,5x16 cm (10 ¾ x 6 ¼ in), twelve pages, black ink on two-ply leaves of rice paper, stitched with a string. With minor creases and a larger worm hole (slightly affecting a couple of characters), but overall a very good manuscript.
An interesting official Japanese report about the events of the Bombardment of Kagoshima (also known as the Anglo-Satsuma War) on 15-17 August, 1863, and compiled for the Tokugawa shogunate government in Edo apparently to receive instructions on what should be done. The title on the first leaf reads “Anglo-Satsuma War report. British notes/written down to Edo”. This and some features of the text (i.e. One of the dates is written as “1863”, not “Bunkyu 3”) opens up the possibility of this text being translated from a period British report. The text briefly informs about the details of the Kagoshima Incident, mentioning Naohachi Inoue (Inoue Yoshika, 1845-1929, future noted Admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy), and lists casualties on board the British naval squadron (HMS Euryalus – 20 injured, including one who died; HMS Pearl – 7 injured, including one who died; HMS Coquette - 6 injured, including one who died; HMS Argus - three injured; HMS Perseus - one injured and one died; HMS Racehorse - 2 people injured).
“The Bombardment of Kagoshima, also known as the Anglo-Satsuma War(薩英戦争Satsu-Ei Sensō), took place on 15–17 August 1863 during the Late Tokugawa shogunate. The Royal Navy was fired on from coastal batteries near the town of Kagoshima and in retaliation bombarded the town. The British were trying to exact a payment from the daimyo of Satsuma following the Namamugi Incident of 1862, in which British nationals were attacked (one killed, two wounded) by Satsuma samurai for not showing the proper respect for a daimyo's regent (Shimazu Hisamitsu). <…> The conflict actually became the starting point of a close relationship between Satsuma and Britain, which became major allies in the ensuing Boshin War. From the start, the Satsuma Province had generally been in favour of the opening and modernization of Japan. Although the Namamugi Incident was unfortunate, it was not characteristic of Satsuma's policy, and was rather abusively branded as an example of anti-foreign sonnō jōi sentiment, as a justification to a strong European show of force” (Wikipedia).


CARTHEW-YORSTOUN, Morden, Lt. Colonel (1832 - after 1905)
[Mawlamyine, Burma: Original Double-Page Watercolour Showing a Panoramic View of Moulmein].

Ca. 1853. Watercolour and pencil on two conjoined leaves, total size ca. 25,5x70 cm (10 x 27 ½ in). Weak pencil caption "M. Carthew. Moulmein" on verso. Recent matting. A very good watercolour.
An impressive panoramic view of Mawlamyine or Mawlamyaing (formerly Moulmein), the third-largest city in modern Burma and an important port and trade centre in British Burma and its first capital in 1826-1852. The wide panorama shows the city from the Taungnyo hills on the right to the Thanlwin (Salween) River on the left, with the British ships in the harbor and rice fields, houses and small pagoda also shown. Most likely the watercolour was made from the famous viewpoint on Kyaikthanlan Pagoda located on the hills overlooking Moulmein.
The artist, Lt. Colonel Morden Carthew, was a British colonial officer who served in India and Burma for 12 years and had several important posts in the administration of Moulmein.
General Morden Carthew, C.B., started in 1848 as a cadet in the Madras Presidency of the East India Company. In around 1850 with his own regiment, the 26th Madras Native Infantry, he was sent to Moulmein, Burma. "When the second Burmese war broke out in 1852, young Carthew, then a Lieutenant, was in England on sick leave; but he hastened out and rejoined his regiment just after a capture of Martaban, a fortified town belonging to the Burmese on the opposite side of the river on which Moulmein stands. Some tedious months of garrison work in Martaban followed, which Carthew utilized by setting to work to study the Burmese language." Thanks to his skills he obtained a place in the Civil Department of the British province of Moulmein as an officer assisting "in the pacification and civil administration of the newly annexed territory." "During the course of the war in 1852-53 Carthew saw a good deal of what was going on, and was present at several of the small actions that took place, for there were no pitched battles, the Burmese troops being very inferior in armament and courage." Carthew made the first survey of the town of Sittang and after "obtained a regular certificate for surveying." He was awarded with the Burmese war medal.
"On getting to Moulmein early in 1853, Morden Carthew, at twenty years of age, was appointed Assistant Magistrate of Moulmein, a large town and seaport of over 40,000 inhabitants of every race"; at twenty one he became a Civil Judge in the Civil Court of the Moulmein town and province. In 1855 he was appointed the Senior Magistrate of Moulmein "with all its police duties, with a convict jail chiefly composed of prisoners transported from India to the number of about 1500 men, charge of all the roads and bridges in the town district, and with a multitude of the other duties that only one accustomed to the life and work of an Indian soldier civilian can understand or even count." In 1858 he took the post of the Deputy Commissioner of the Province of Mergui, "the most southern point of British possessions on the Malay Peninsula, under the Indian Government." Altogether he spent 12 years in India and Burma and returned to England in 1860. He afterwards lived in Dumfriesshire (Scotland) and took an active part in the county affairs. He was known of his wood carving skills and exhibited his work in London and Edinburgh.
[Abstracts from:] Carthew Yorstoun family [genealogy] // The Gallovidian: An Illustrated Southern Counties Quarterly Magazine. Spring 1905. # 25. Vol. Viii. P. 1-9 (Open Library on-line).


HUMBOLDT, Alexander von (1769-1859)
Asie Centrale: Recherches sur les Chaines de Montagnes et la Climatologie Comparee. [Central Asia: Research of the Mountain Chains and Comparative Climatology].

Paris: Gide, 1843. First French Edition. Octavo (ca. 22 x14cm), 3 vols. lviii, 570, [1]; 558, [1]; 614, [3] pp. With a folding engraved map and 14 folding tables. Period brown quarter sheep with marbled papered boards, and gilt lettered names of the library it belonged to “Cercle des Phocéens” on the bottoms of the spines. Paper label of “Librairie Barjolle, Paris” on the front pastedown endpaper of vol. 1. Bindings with mild wear on extremities, corners mildly bumped, scattered light foxing but overall a very good set.
First edition of this scarce work by Prussian geographer, naturalist and explorer Alexander von Humboldt, based on his travel to Siberia and Central Asia in April-November 1829. Organized after a special invitation by the Russian Tsar Nicolas I, the expedition took Humboldt and his companions to the Ural Mountains, Tobolsk, the Altai Mountains and up the Irtysh River as far as the Russian-Chinese border near Lake Zaysan, with the return travel via Omsk, Chelyabinsk and Astrakhan. It was this travel and resulted in Humboldt coining the term “Central Asia” defining the vast land mass in the centre of the Eurasian continent. “The most important results of this extensive tour were the completion of meteorological data for the isothermal world map, a theory of the orographic configuration of the central Asiatic mountain systems and tablelands, and the discovery of diamonds in the gold mines of the Urals. His request to the Russian government in 1829 led to the establishment of a line of magnetic and meteorological stations across northern Asia and a similar appeal to the duke of Sussex who, at the time, (1836), was president of the Royal Society, secured for the undertaking the wide basis of the British dominions. Thus, Humboldt established the forerunner of modern scientific cooperation between the nations of the world” (Profile of Baron Alexander von Humboldt/ Special Collections & Archive of the Library of Humboldt State University, online).
This book in not a travel account (which was written by Humboldt’s companion Gustave Rose), but a scientific essay on Central Asia’s orography and climatology. The text of the book was originally written by Humboldt in French, and comprises the present edition; it was translated into German by a meteorologist Wilhelm Mahlmann and published in 1844 (Untersuchungen über die Gebirgsketten und die vergleichende Klimatologie. Berlin, 1844, in 2 vols. 3 parts). The first two volumes are dedicated to Central Asia’s geology and orography, with frequent comparisons to the Alps and the American Cordilleras, and the third volume describes Asiatic climatology and terrestrial magnetism. The text is supplemented with fourteen tables of meteorological observations and an excellent folding engraved map of Central Asia, covering the region from the eastern shores of the Caspian Sea on the west to the source of the Amur River on the east, from the central Ural Mountains in the north to the Himalayas in the south. This well-preserved copy derives from the library of a Marseille cultural society Cercle des Phocéens (est. In 1787) and is listed in the library catalogue under no. 68-70 (Catalogue de la Bibliothéque/ Cercle des Phocéens. Marseille, 1874, p. 149).
Cordier BS 2806, Yakushi H454A, Perret 2299.


[Historically Significant Journal Recording a Travel from Peking to Hankou (a part of present-day Wuhan), along the Line of the Unfinished Peking-Hankou (Jinghan) Railway, with the Eye-Witness Account on the Railway Construction, Notes on the Meetings with the Railway Company Officials, Chinese Workers, Inhabitants of Nearby Villages, Local Places of Interest etc., Titled:] V – de Pekin à Hankao.

6-21 November [1903]. Octavo, ca. 22,5x17,5 cm (8 ¾ x 6 ¾ in). 32 leaves. Manuscript text in French. Black and brown ink on lined white laid paper (one page written in pencil), all entries with dates on the margins. Occasional markings in red or blue pencil in text. Period style maroon half morocco album with cloth boards, spine with gilt tooled ornaments and gilt lettered title “PEKIN A HANKAO,” original paper wrappers bound in. Manuscript table of contents on verso of the front wrapper. First leaf slightly soiled on the bottom, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good journal written in a legible hand.
Interesting historically significant journal describing a travel from Beijing to Hankou (a part of modern-day Wuhan) in November 1903; the traveller apparently was a French member of the “Société d’étude de chemis de fer en Chine,” a French-Belgian company which built the Peking-Hankou (Jinghan) Railway in 1897-1906. The construction of the Jinghan Railway started in the end of 1898, with the first sections being opened in 1899; the works were interrupted in the 1900 by the Boxer Rebellion, which led to the destruction of a large part of the railway and murder of many workers; the construction was resumed in early 1901 and finished in the end of 1905 (See more: The Peking-Hankow Railway// Bulletin of the American Geographical Society/ Vol. 38, No. 9. 1906, pp. 554-556). Although the journal entries don’t mention a year they were written, it was most likely 1903 (when the 6th of November fell on Friday, like it is recorded in the journal), a period of active construction of the remaining sections.
The journal contains a detailed account of a 16-day trip from Beijing to Hankou, along the railway under construction. Being an independent manuscript on its own, it is apparently a part of a larger collection of eight such journals, describing the whole voyage from Paris to Macao via Siberia, Manchuria, Korea, Peking, Hankou, Canton, and Hong Kong (see the table of contents on verso of the front wrapper).
The author describes his travel from Beijing along the “Imperial Route” in the “Palace car,” his visit to a monastery and a pagoda in “Tcheng Ting” (Zhengding County), which hosts a large 25m Buddha statue. He then recounts a meeting with Mr. Sémat, who owns an “exploitation” and constructs a railway between “Shum te fou” and the Yellow River. He also comments on the landscapes through which he travels by train, cart, horse and on foot: “The mountains of China are more distant, the villages more spaced out from each other; to my surprise on my left, [there is] a railway. It’s a line built by an English coal mining company, which begins from a point along the Wei Ho (Tau Kou) a little further than Wei Wei Fou and reaches the mines in the mountains, over there. This is the way through which materials for the exploitation arrived; that is also the way by which the coal will be exported; but, until now, we cannot find any…” (in translation). During his trip, he meets many people who are involved in the railway construction, including Mr. Charignon, Mr. Job, Mr. Nimal, Mr .Devienne, or Mr. Icarro: “And here comes a cavalry: it’s Mr. Nimal, the sous-chef of the Tongan Tefan section […] accompanied by his drivers and his dogs. There, in the plains, are the Tchang Té Fou walls, and before that a quay on a little river […] We then follow the West wall of the city and arrive at the section, a yamen in the west suburb near where a train station will be next year.”
There are some interesting notes on Chinese railway workers: “From time to time, teams of indigenous people, very applied in their work on the bank which they level like a billiard: the appearance, that is the strong suit of the Chinese; does the railway also have such a groomed appearance? Very curious; for example, each coolie carries such a small amount of soil at a time, but there are so many of them, and we pay them each so little!” He also discusses the benefits of the railway development: “the peasants are peaceful and in favour of the railway and sensible to the benefits they will experience […] as long as we compensate them for the fields; the houses that we are destroying, the graves that we are moving, they declare themselves very satisfied. I sense, already, that China is not deep down what we judge it to be and that its people are, like all populations, sensible to the advantages of any progress of which they can experience the effects.” Other entries tell about his sleep over in a yamen (administrative office and/or residence of a local bureaucrat or mandarin in Imperial China) in “Honntan,” an accident with his horse after which he was carried by porters, surprised Chinese officials when he presented them a passport, the hospitality of the villagers et al.: “I had forgotten to note for yesterday that we had barely gone to bed at 9pm, when a huge explosion sound made us jump, then another […] it was the village mayor’s son who came out to make fireworks in our honor.” Overall an interesting eye-witness account of the construction of the Jinghan Railway - “the first great trunk line through China” (The Peking-Hankow Railway// Bulletin of the American Geographical Society, p. 554) which in 1957 became a part of the major south-north railway in modern China – Beijing-Guangzhou Railway.


THRING, Alicia Anne (1783-1862)
[Twenty Watercolours of Chinese Subjects, the Majority Showing Chinese Costumes, Mounted on Seven Album Leaves].

Clifton, Bristol, June 25th 1824. Watercolours on card ca. 11x10cm (4x4 in) or slightly smaller mounted on seven large quarto (29x22,5 cm) album leaves, all but three captioned in manuscript ink. One watercolour and caption loose, loose watercolour signed and dated "Alicia Anne Thring June 25th 1824." Overall the collection is in very good condition.
Thring is an artist known for her fine botanical studies. The present charming Chinese costume watercolours are of a similar quality and the subjects include: Kien Long Emperor of China; Grand Lama; Mandarin; Chinese Soldiers; A Tartar Soldier; Another Tartar Soldier; Riding Barrow of a Tartar Lady; Cormorants Fishing; Chine Working Man - Chinese Peasant; Mahometan Woman & Son; Mandarin of the Fifth Class; Chinese Stage Cart; A Bonze Performing his Vow; A Chinese Lady; A Young Licentiate, Sedan Chair of the Prime Minister; Tartar Woman & Child, Tao-Tse.


HECO, Joseph (HAMADA, Hikozo) (1837-1897)
Hyoryuki [The Account of a Castaway].

[Japan], Bunkyu 3 [1863]. First edition. 2 vols. Large Octavo (ca. 23,5x16 cm). 34, 30 double-ply leaves; with 5 folding woodblock plates and 14 double- and single-page woodblock illustrations in text. Illustrations within single border, main text nine vertical lines. Original Japanese fukuro toji bindings: blue grey paper covers with leaves sewn together with thread and original paper title labels on the front covers. Red ink stamps on the first leaves and the inner sides of the back covers of each volume. Housed in a later navy blue Japanese cloth folder with a paper label of a Japanese bookshop inside the upper cover. Covers and title labels rubbed, occasional in text wormholes neatly repaired, otherwise a very good set.
Very Rare Japanese imprint with only four paper copies found in Worldcat.
First edition of the early important Japanese account of a Pacific voyage and description of the United States of America, written by a Japanese castaway Hamada Hikozo, better known as Joseph Heco. He became the first Japanese to become a US citizen and published the first in the world Japanese language newspaper (“Kaigai Shimbun”/ “Overseas News,” Yokohama, 1865-1867), becoming the “father of Japanese journalism”. Heco was only fourteen years old when a coastal trade ship he was on in October 1850, was blown into the open Pacific Ocean by a storm. Rescued by an American freighter “Auckland,” the Japanese survivors were taken to San Francisco, becoming the second group of Japanese to do so (after John Manjiro who visited San Francisco in May 1850). “… Hikozo remained in America for eight years before returning to Japan. He went to school, worked at a commercial trading firm, converted to Catholicism, met American presidents, became a citizen, and adopted the name Joseph Heco. When he returned to Japan in 1859, he probably had more firsthand knowledge of the United States than any other Japanese. In certain ways, he can be seen as a symbol for Japan’s growing interest in and knowledge of the West in the mid-nineteenth century” (Van Sant, J. E. Pacific Pioneers: Japanese Journeys to America and Hawaii, 1850-1880. University of Illinois Press, 2000.p. 22).
Written in a diary form, the narrative recalls Heco’s adventures in the Pacific and his life in San Francisco, Baltimore and New York, including accounts of his trips by train, one of the first in Japanese literature descriptions of black people, notes on the American Civil war and sympathetic passages about the Confederates and slavery (obviously, influenced by the views of his American benefactors). The illustrations show Japanese coastal ship “Eiriki Maru” fighting with the storm in the Pacific (with two sea monsters reminding of crocodiles lurking in the waves), rescue of the survivors by the “Auckland,” a battle scene of the American Civil War (1861-65), portraits of an American lady, a Catholic monk, and Heco himself with an American man, street views of San Francisco, New York, pictures of a steamboat, a “steam carriage” (train engine), telegraph lines, an artificial leg, a steel trestle bridge, a naval ship etc. Overall an important early Japanese account of the United States of America in the 1850s and the first years of the Civil War. Three decades later Heco would translate his “Hyoryuki” into a two-volume publication into English intended for the foreign reader (The Narrative of a Japanese: what he has seen and the people he has met… Yokohama, 1895).


SUIMU CHIJIN [Crazy Man in a Drunken Sleep]
海外餘話 Kaigai-Yowa [Additional Strange Tales from Overseas].

[Japan]: Gyoyo-do, Ansei 2 [1855]. Second, but first illustrated edition. 5 vols. Quarto (ca. 26x18 cm). T.p., 19; 24; 23; 19; 19 double-ply leaves; with 20 double-page woodblock illustrations in text. Text and illustrations within single border, main text ten vertical lines. Original Japanese fukuro toji bindings: brownish paper covers with leaves sewn together with thread and original paper title labels on the front covers. Covers and title labels slightly rubbed and soiled, a mild water stain to several leaves in the end of vol. 5, otherwise a very good set.
Very Rare Japanese imprint with only two paper copies found in Worldcat of the first edition (Kaei 4/ 1851, 5 volumes, no illustrations) and there are also only two copies of this second illustrated edition found in Worldcat.
First illustrated edition of the important Japanese novelistic account on the First Opium War between China and Britain (1839-1845). “Kaigai Yowa” was a part of the group of Japanese works about the Opium War, published in the late 1840s and based primarily on Chinese reports, starting with Mineta Fuko’s famous Kaigai shinwa [New Stories from Overseas] and Kaigai shinwa shui [Gleanings from the New Stories from Overseas]. “… these publications were strongly sympathetic to the Chinese and highly critical of the foreign “barbarians.” They also included many original woodblock illustrations that had no counterpart on the Chinese side” (Dower, J.W. The Opium War in Japanese Eyes: An Illustrated 1849 “Story from Overseas”/ Massachusetts Institute of Technology, view article). The second edition of the Kaigai Yowa was forbidden from sale (as follows from the note on the title page) and was intended for libraries.


[HAYASHI, Shihei] (1738-1793)
[Early 19th Century Manuscript Hand Coloured Copy of a Map from Hayashi’s Prohibited Book “Sangoku tsûran zusetsu”, or "Illustrated Outline of the Three Countries” (1785), Depicting Ezo (Hokkaido), Sakhalin Island, the Kurile Islands, Coasts of Kamchatka Peninsula, Russian Tartary and Manchuria, Titled:] Ezo Chi No Zu [Map of the Country of Ezo].

Bunka 4 (1807). Ca. 92x58,5 cm (36 ¼ x 23 ¼ in). Black ink on rice paper, hand coloured in yellow, red, and grey. Extensive captions in Japanese on the body of the map, as well as right and left margins. Brown owner’s stamp on the lower margin reading “Momen Bunko”. Minor tears on extremities neatly repaired, expertly mounted on Japanese paper otherwise a very good map.
Early 19th century “underground” or illegal manuscript copy of a map of Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Manchuria, Russian Tartary and Kamchatka from the prohibited book by a Sendai-based Confucian scholar Hayashi Shihei. Titled “Sangoku tsûran zusetsu”, or "Illustrated Outline of the Three Countries” (Edo, 1785), the book described the three “countries” bordering Tokugawa-era Japan – Joseon Dynasty (Korea), Yezo or Ezo (present day Hokkaido), and Ryükyü (present day Okinawa). The book attempted to present a comprehensive picture of the neighbours of Japan in order to enhance its coastal defense and became "the first attempt to define Japan's position in relation to its neighbors" (Morris-Suzuki, Tessa. Re-Inventing Japan: Time, Space, Nation. M.E. Sharpe, 1998. p. 23). The book was banned shortly after publication, with the woodblocks used for printing the text and maps being broken, and Hayashi Shihei was arrested and died in prison. The Tokugawa government didn’t tolerate the attempts of private individuals to get involved into the matters of national defense or to violate the sakoku policy of isolation from the outside world. Nevertheless, the pressure on Japan in terms of opening its borders slowly increased with the Russian exploration of the North Pacific and Alaska in the late 18th – early 19th century, and the maps from Hayashi’s “Sangoku tsûran zusetsu” started to be copied by hand and studied in secret.
Our copy dated Bunka 4 (1807) was drawn “for protection from the foreign forces” - most likely, after the unsuccessful Russian diplomatic mission of Nikolay Rezanov in 1804-1805 and subsequent raids of Japanese settlements and bread stores on the Sakhalin and the Kuriles by Russian naval sloops under command of N. Khvostov and G. Davydov in 1806-1807. The map is oriented from west to east and shows the northern tip of the Honshu Island, the whole Island of Hokkaido or Ezo (the distances between main settlements show in red lines), Sakhalin Island (southern part is shown as a peninsula named “Karafuto,” connected to the coast of Manchuria, and northern part – as a separate island named “Sagariin”), the Kurile Archipelago (with all islands named and the inhabited ones marked with red dots), a part of Manchuria (with a note about China and the Great Wall), and the coast of Kamchatka (“Kamushikatsutoka”) separated from Manchuria with the wide mouth of the “Big River” (Amur River). The text written on the body of the Kamchatkan peninsula repeats the text from the original map, reading “Since, in recent years, men of Orosha [Russians] have taken possession of the territory east of Tartary, this land is called Orosha, or Kamushikatsutoka... Also since the Russians all wear red coats, the residents of Ezo call it Red Ezo in their dialect." The map still shows the territories of Ezo, Sakhalin and the Kuriles coloured in yellow, and not as a part of Japan, but it was exactly in 1807 when western Ezo and southern Sakhalin were proclaimed the shogunate territory, and shortly before the Mamiya Rinzo’s exploratory expedition to Sakhalin (1808) which discovered that it was an island (European discoverers acting independently proved this point only in 1849). Overall a beautiful early copy of the important Japanese map of the Hokkaido Island and Russian territories in the Far East.
“Local samurai power-holders in Ezo began receiving tribute from (some of) the Ainu of Sakhalin as early as 1475. No Japanese trading post or other formal presence on the island would be established until 1790, however. By 1805, a second trading post had been established. Shortly prior to that, Hayashi Shihei's1785 Sangoku tsûran zusetsu includes a map which is likely the first in Japan to use color to distinguish Tokugawa Japan from other countries. On this map, Sakhalin is represented in yellow, along with the Kurils and most of Ezo, in contrast to Japanese territory in blue, and Russia in red. The arrival of Russian ships at Sakhalin and some of the Kuril Islands in 1806 again inspired the shogunate to take action against Russian encroachment; they declared western Ezo and southern Sakhalin to be shogunal territory (tenryô). Mamiya Rinzô explored and surveyed the island in 1808 to an extent no Japanese had ever done before, and in the process discovered (or confirmed) that it is in fact an island, and not a peninsula of the Asian mainland” (Sakhalin/ Samurai Wiki archive online).


MEYNELL, Francis, RN, Lieutenant (1821-1870)
Calcutta from Garden Reach. HMS Calliope Saluting. [Original Watercolour].

1841. Watercolour on paper, ca. 31x54 cm (12 x 21 ¼ in). Signed in ink "G. Meynell" in the left lower corner. Captioned and dated in pencil on verso by the artist. Recently mounted and matted. A very good watercolour.
The watercolour shows the British warship HMS Calliope going through the Garden Reach - the entrance to the port of Kolkata on the Hooghly River. "The port of Kolkata is the oldest operational port in India, having originally been constructed by the British East India Company, and it was the premier port in British India in the 19th century" (Wikipedia). The port’s buildings and a grand residence on the bank to the left, as well as a boat carrying two Europeans being rowed by Indians, are shown in the watercolour.
The time of the event shown by the artist is known to be August-September 1841 when HMS Calliope arrived to Kolkata from Canton with $6 million of ransom money taken during the marine operations of the First Opium War (1839-1842). HMS Calliope (28 guns, built in 1837) participated in the blockade of the mouth of the Pearl River and operations at Canton in 1841. Circa Aug 1841 it departed for Calcutta with the bulk of the Canton ransom money (See: Clowes, W.L. The Royal Navy: A History from the Earliest Times to the Present. In 7 vols. Vol. 6. London, 1901. P. 294).
The artist, Francis Meynell, was a midshipman on Calliope (See: Allen, J. The New Navy List and General Record of the Service of Officers of the Royal Navy and Royal Marines. London, 1853. P. 146).
"Meynell entered the navy as midshipman during the campaign in China, on board the Calliope. He was mentioned for the assistance rendered at the capture on 13 March 1841 of the last fort protecting the approaches of the city of Canton" (National Maritime Museum (Greenwich) on-line). [Later he served as] mate in the Penelope during anti-slavery operations off the west coast of Africa, [and was promoted Lieutenant in 1846]. During the Crimean War 1853-55 he served on HMS Royal George. His illustrated journal mostly dedicated to the Baltic campaign of the Crimean War (1853-55) is now in the collection of the National Maritime Museum” (Greenwich).


TEMPLER, Charles Bertram, Major (1860-1931)
[Album of Twelve Original Watercolours of Ladakh, with a Later Watercolour View of Rochefort, France].

Ca. 1886. Oblong Folio (28x37,5 cm). 5 leaves. Thirteen watercolours mounted on recto and verso of the card album leaves, including eight larger ones, ca. 17,5x25 cm (7x10 in) or slightly smaller, and five smaller ones, ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5x7 in). All watercolours captioned in ink on the lower margins of the album leaves, all but one are signed “CBT” and dated 1886 and 1909 in the lower left or right corners of the drawings. Manuscript title of the album on the first free endpaper “C.B. Templer. Octr. 1928. Exmouth. With sketches dating from 1886.” With a large cabinet portrait photo ca. 20x15,5 cm (7 ¾ x 6 in), captioned “Charles Johann” [?] in the right lower corner, mounted on the front pastedown. Period black half sheep with green pebble-grain cloth boards. Expertly rebacked in style, card mounts slightly age toned, otherwise a very good album.
An album of interesting watercolours of Ladakh (now a part of the Jammu and Kashmir State, India) executed by Major C.B. Templer of the Indian Army, 19th Regiment of Bengal Lancers (Fane’s Horse). He served in India in 1880-1893 and took part in the second Mirazai Expedition of 1891. During his service with the 19th Lancers Templer participated in the horse races and was the first holder of the Indian Grand National Trophy (Some reminiscences of Indian Sport// The Field, The Country Gentleman's Newspaper, Christmas 1922, p. 5). After the end of his career Templer lived in Execliff (Exmouth), actively travelled around Europe and also visited South Africa.
The album includes eleven accomplished watercolours made in Ladakh in 1886, during Templer's time in the Indian Army, including a view of “Leh, capital of Ladakh” with the Leh Palace in the centre and the Ladakh mountain range in the background, a panorama of a “Tartar Camp” near Ladakh with tents made of woolen blankets, portraits of a Buddhist Lama with the prayer wheel, Ladakh shepherd “Bipari, trader in sheep's wool,” and of a woman coolie. Five watercolours depict local animals, with expressive notes by Templer: “Ladakh Transport!! Yak, goat & sheep,” “Spiti Pony. Very hard, never shod!! Feet as hard as iron!!,” “Fighting Cock!,” “Watch dog - Guards the sheep, goats &c., protected by iron collars against Leopards, wolves &c.,” “Kyang – wild horse of Ladakh.” Another drawing shows the grave of Templer’s charger Sweetheart somewhere in the Ladakh hills, with a note: “She was with me for 18 years, was my Charger and won me eleven races!! She was perfection in every way!!” There is also a beautiful view of snow covered peaks of the Himalayas taken from the Narkanda mountain station near Simla. The last watercolour dated 1903 depicts a small bridge & stream at Rochefort, France. Overall a beautiful illustrative account on Ladakh.


MASON, George Nelson Pomeroy, Commander, Indian Navy (1828-1890)
[Six Original Watercolour Views of Bombay Harbour and the Konkan Coast].

[1855]. Six watercolours on watermarked laid paper. Four watercolours ca. 11 to 14 x36,5 cm (4 ½ to 5 ½ x 14 ¼ in), one watercolour ca. 17,5x 25 cm (6 ¾ x 10 in), and a large sepia watercolour ca. 25,5x36 cm (10 x 14 ¼ in). One watercolour captioned in ink, one captioned and dated in pencil; one - with additional watercolour sketch on verso. Recently matted. A very good collection.
Six atmospheric watercolours of Bombay harbour and the surrounding Konkan coast, drawn by an officer of the Indian Navy George N.P. Mason. He served in the Bombay Presidency for over twenty years, starting as a midshipman in 1842 and retiring at the rank of Commander in the early 1860s. The “East India Register and Army List for 1854” reported of Mason as a midshipman on a steam packet vessel Feerooz (8 guns, launched in Bombay in 1846); and in 1858 he was already listed as a Lieutenant-Commander of a schooner Georgiana (launched 1855), tender to sloop Clive, Persian Gulf (Colburn’s United Service Magazine for 1858, p. 802).
The watercolours apparently created during Mason’s service as a midshipman on Feerooz include four panoramic views and a large black sepia watercolour of Bombay harbour and the coast, with native sail boats at sea and distant mountainous shoreline in the background. There is also a colourful view of the Funnel Hill (Karnala Fort) – a 13th-century Indian coastal fortification, in possession of the British East India Company since 1818. Dated 23 April 1855, the watercolour was drawn at “3 p.m., after a very rainy morning”. “For rounding the Prong and entering the harbour, a good mark in clean weather is the Funnel Hill, remarkable by a rock on it resembling a chimney, and is situated behind Caranja Island, about 18 miles eastward from Bombay Castle” (Bombay Harbour and the circumjacent land, with sailing directions// India Directory, or Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies… Vol. 1. London, 1826, p. 342).


JACKSON, Welby Brown (1802-1890)
[Original Watercolour View of Benares/Varanasi].

Ca. 1856. Watercolour and pencil on cardboard, heightened in white, ca. 42x58 cm (16 ¾ x22 ¾ in). Later pencil caption "Welby Jackson. 1856. Benares" on verso. Recently matted, near fine, bright watercolour.
This beautiful view of Benares shows the River Ganges with white temples and ghats in the background, and clothes washers on the riverbank in the foreground. The right part of the picture details a wooden bridge spanned across the Ganges, with bull carts crossing. Welby Jackson was an official in British India in the first half of the 19th century. He was noted to be in Calcutta in 1823 and held the office of Judge of Sudder Court there; in 1826 he was appointed Register to the Nizamut Adawlut for the Western Provinces at Allahabad (The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Regicter for British India and its dependencies. Vol. XXII. London, 1826. P. 469). The beginning of 1860's sees him back in Buckinghamshire, England (see The Peerage, A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe, on-line). Two of Jackson’s sepia sketches of the city of Gaya (Bihar, India) executed in 1830 are now in the Asia, Pacific and Africa collections of the British Library.


15. [ASIA - INDIA]
CANNING, Earl (Governor General 1856-1858, First Viceroy 1858-1862)
[Historically Significant Canning Sunnad of 1862 Concerning the Bhopal Succession.]

1862. A Folio (ca. 60 x 24.5cm) single large sheet of parchment headed by the large inked seal of the Supreme Government of British India, written in fine palace script. Bound by stab stitching into a half cloth with patterned papered boards folder together with some dozen related pages of letters and documents in Persian script. One of these has some gold leaf additions and is additionally signed by the Political Agent A R E Hutchinson. A covering document is a true copy of a circular from Major R I Meade, Agent to the Governor General at Indore, to Major Hutchinson which accompanied the Sunnad as it was sent from the Viceroy. Some of the other documents are counter signed by Major Hutchinson.
The document sets out the British policy to secure the succession of Princely Houses ruling in the various states: “in failure of natural heirs any succession to the Government of your State which may be legitimate according to Mahomedan Law will be upheld. Be assured that nothing shall disturb this agreement here made to you so long as your House remains loyal to the Crown, and faithful to the conditions of the treaties, grants and agreements which record its obligations to the British Government.” The Sunnad is signed “Canning” at the foot.
In the light of future problems over disputed succession this document proved to be highly important and equally contentious, especially in the 1920’s when Nawab Sultan Begum named her only surviving son Hamidullah as her successor in conflict with accepted laws of primogeniture. The reference to remaining faithful, as Bhopal always had been, is particularly important in this early post Mutiny period when the Crown had just taken over all the East India Company’s powers. This document is one example of the close British attention to matters of succession in Indian states. In Bhopal the British wished to maintain the succession within the Orakzai tribe which had been so loyal to the Company and the Crown. Marriage and succession were to loom large in the relations between the Viceroy and the rulers of Bhopal during the rest of the century.The "Bhopal State was an independent state of 18th century India, a princely salute state in a subsidiary alliance with British India from 1818 to 1947, and an independent state from 1947 to 1949. Islamnagar served as the State's first capital, which was later shifted to the city of Bhopal. The state was founded by Dost Mohammad Khan, an Afghan soldier in the Mughal army who became a mercenary after the Emperor Aurangzeb's death and annexed several territories to his feudal territory" (Wikipedia).


16. [ASIA - INDIA]
GREENE, Captain Dominick Sarsfield, Royal Artillery (1826-1892)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of India and from the Homeward Voyage back to England].

Ca. 1857-8. Oblong Small Folio (ca. 25,5x32,5 cm). 12 beige album leaves. With ten watercolours, each ca. 17x25 cm (7x10 in) mounted on album leaves with original black ink captions mounted below. Five watercolours initialled "DSG" in pencil and four variously dated in 1858. Period style dark green gilt tooled half straight-grained morocco with dark green cloth boards. Overall a very good collection of watercolours.
The series of sketches in this album was made by Captain Dominick Sarsfield Greene at the same time as his sketches which were later turned into lithographs for his "Views in India, from drawings taken during the Seapoy Mutiny," Thos. Maclean: London, 1859. The ten attractive watercolours include: Ghauts. Bombay. Sunset; The Caves of Elephanta, Bombay; Gibraltar Hill from Rawul Pindee, Sunset; The Jumna Musgid - Delhi; The Taj Agra; On the road to Constantia, 12.5.58; From Sandy Bay Ridge, St. Helena, 3.6.58; The Man's Head Rock - St. Vincent; Bird Island, St. Vincent, St Antonia in the distance, 20.6.58; The Harbour, St. Vincent, Cape Verde, 19.6.58. Provenance: Sir Alexander Moncrieff (1829-1906) and thence by descent.


17. [ASIA - INDIA]
MACLEOD, Sybil Constance & [MACLEOD, George Charles Sholto] (1877-1915)
[Extensive Private Archive of 29 Letters, Describing Her Life as an Upper Class Lady in British India, with Notes on the Vice Roy of India, Lord Hardinge and an Attempt of Hardinge's Assassination, Planning of the Construction of New Delhi, Fort William in Calcutta, Delhi Fort and Chandni Chowk Market, Indian People and House Servants, Mixed Anglo-Indian Marriages, Military Parade in Dalhousie, Indian Mutiny, WW1, etc. One Letter Illustrated with a Photo View “from Dalhousie”; With: Four Photograph Portraits of Charles and Sybil Macleod, and Six Caricature Watercolour Portraits of Native Indians].

17 December 1911 - 2 September 1914. Mostly large Octavo (ca. 25x20,5 cm), with six smaller letters ca. 21x13,5 cm. In all over 250 pages of text. Brown and black ink on various wove paper. The photos: four loose gelatin silver prints (two mounted on card), from ca. 15x8 cm to ca. 28x17,5 cm (5 ¾ x 3 ¼ to ca. 11x7 in), with pencil and ink notes on versos. With six watercolour sketches on album paper, ca. 15x10 cm (6x4 in), all signed “G.E.M.” in the left lower corners. One letter clipped (some loss of text), fold marks, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good archive.
Extensive collection of fascinating content rich letters written by Sybil Constance Macleod, wife of George Charles Sholto Macleod, Captain of the 2nd Battalion, Black Watch Regiment (Royal Highlanders) during his service in British India. The letters provide thoughtful and smart notes on the upper-class life in Calcutta, Darjeeling, Dalhousie, and Delhi, following Charles’ service as an Adjutant in Fort William (Calcutta) and his later transfer as a Station Staff Officer in Dalhousie (Nov. 1912). Most letters were written from Calcutta (thirteen) and Dalhousie (ten), with a few from a summer house in Darjeeling and during a short stay in Delhi. The first letter was written in December 1911 on the way to India on board S.S. Plassy, near Gibraltar; the last one – in the end of September 1914, shortly before the author’s departure to England in the beginning of WW1; most letters are addressed to Sybil’s mother Amy Constantia Jeffreys (d. 1932); with two written to her sister and aunt.
The letters contain a lot of interesting notes on the British military and civil officials, Indian people and places, i.e. Lord Hardinge (Viceroy of India, 1910-1916); Sir William Henry Clark (the Member for Commerce and Industry of the Council of the Viceroy of India, 1910-1916); Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael (Governor of Bengal in 1912-1917); Sir Edwin Lutyens (the architect of New Delhi); Fort William in Calcutta; several sights of Delhi, including the Fort, Humayun’s Tomb, and Chandni Chowk market (with “most fascinating shops, jewellery, embroideries, china, silks, & all the things that most make you wish you had money to chuck away!”); a trip from Calcutta to Dalhousie by train (up to Pathankot) and from there by an “invalid tonga” cart; landscapes in Darjeeling; officer’s vacation bungalows in Barrackpore. There is also a lengthy description of the “bomb tragedy” – assassination attempt of Viceroy Lord Hardinge which happened in Delhi on 23 December 1912; notes on a session of the Council of the Viceroy which she attended in Calcutta in March 1912; the planning of New Delhi; Christmas celebrations and King’s Birthday Parade in Dalhousie, and others. The letters are full of descriptions of dinners, receptions, and parties (i.e. A ball of Lieut.-Gov. Of Bengal, garden party of “Maharajashiraja Bahadur of Burdwan”, Sergeants’ Ball, a party given “by a native in honour of his nephew’s wedding” with a description of a mansion with lots of copies of old masters and later European paintings, Dresden china, and others). There are also numerous society gossips, passages about her daughter Sheila, dresses and gowns, jewelry, various purchases, house servants and cooks, prices for groceries, local trees and flowers, weather, et al.
One of the letters is illustrated with an ink drawn portrait of a native clothes mender “neatly dressed in a coat of cheap broderie anglais, through the holes of which shone his brown skin; a rather fashionable narrow skirt comes about to his ankles… The only thing is, I generally have to arrange to give him my things to mend just as they’re going to the wash, as he may be seen crouching on the back verandah, holding one end of his work between his toes!” (25 Apr. 1912).
The portraits show Charles and Sybil Macleod in the 1900s and early 1910s, Charles – in the uniform of the Lancashire Fusiliers (served in 1900-1905) decorated with medals received after the Second Boer War, and as an officer of the Egyptian Army (served in 1906-1908); Sybil – in an elaborate gown of the early 1910s. Done with an obvious artistic talent, most likely by Charles’ father George Edmostone Macleod (1851-1910, civil service commissioner in Oudh and Assam in 1870-1890s), the caricatures show “Zubberdust Khan, Budmash;” “Mir Shah – Pathan Sepoy;” “Umbeeka Churun Bose, Bengalee Baboo;” “Hunooman Dass, Jogee” [Jogi]; “Ram Ruttun – Ryot;” and “Gowee Mull – Delhi Jeweller.”
Some excerpts from the letters:
[Fort William]: “This fort is really a very nice place, quite away from Calcutta, separated from the town by the Maidan, an enormous wide open space of grass, which gives one plenty of air and light <…> lots of Generals live inside here, including the Commander-in Chief, who has a charming garden & tennis courts. There are lots of nice grassy bits, edged with trees, where they can play football ect., a native bazar, a post office & two churches, - so it is like a little town right away from the rest” (8 Feb. 1912).
[Indian Mutiny]: “I think somehow the Mutiny which thrills me more than almost anything in history, is apt to make one lose sight of Delhi’s own ancient history, for a time. The church is the same one as in Mutiny days, only restored, of course, while in its gardens close by, you see the battered brass globe & cross that surmounted it then, with bullet holes in dozens of places, but still never absolutely destroyed. The statue of John Nicholson, and the memorials in the church, the battered Kashmir Gate and the bare and open Ridge, all help one to realize those awful times, and the absolutely desperate fighting” (4 Feb. 1913)
[Planning of the New Delhi site]: “I have met Mr. Lutyens & Capt. Swinton, the “New Delhi” architects, & they are all busy squabbling as to the respective merits of two sites. It seems they had to keep the original scheme in such profound secrecy that they couldn’t consult even an expert, or something would have leaked out. & then when the Queen graciously announced her wish to lay the foundation stones of New Delhi, they were rather staggered, as experts had already pronounced the ground entirely unsuitable: however, the stones were duly laid, & will I suppose be removed in the night some time, to the spot which is finally selected. Mr. Lutyens <…> is a queer person, always making would be comic remarks, but much nicer when he’s serious; while Capt. Swinton, who was once in the army, has a long beard, a beautiful strait Greek nose…” (4 Feb. 1913); “There is being much heart-burning & furiously divided opinion in Delhi as to the respective merits of two proposed sites for the new capital, & last Sunday we went to see Mr. Lutyens’ sketches & plans for the new Govt. House, Secretariat etc., which were perfectly charming & so deliciously done, just slight sketches with vivid touches of colour” (13 Feb. 1913).
[Lord Hardinge, Viceroy of India]: “They say he is so self-opinionated & won’t take advice from anyone, although of course he can’t know much about the country; & the new policy & change to Delhi, doesn’t seem popular either” (25 Jan. 1912); “there were a lot of people there, all entirely unenthusiastic & all heartily delighted to see the last of them. He has rather a bad manner, shy & a little stiff, & no small talk <…> There was no cheering & they drove off in dead silence. I wonder if the English papers noticed, what is thrilling everyone out here (the natives of course) – that as he was driving away, almost a vivid flash of lightning shattered the flag over Govt. House. I was really rather extraordinary, & of course to the people out here, the very worst of omens…” (farewell to the Viceroy in Calcutta, a letter from 28 Mar. 1912).
[Assassination attempt of Lord Hardinge on 23 December 1912]: “He seems to be very bad still, 6 weeks later, as it is now; & no one seems quite to know what the effects will really be. Though of course the drum of one ear is cracked, or broken, & I don’t suppose anything can be done to that; while at present the shock to his nerves & whole system seems to be tremendous. He would open the first Council meeting, but they had to drug him pretty heavily first, to present any possible emotionalism (not quite a word I fear!) as he had such a tremendous ovation on entering. Mrs. Clark was telling me Lady Hardinge’s own account of it, to her. It seems they didn’t hear the explosion – apparently you don’t if you are very near; but they were thrown forward on to the front of the Howdah, & she said to him, “Was it an earthquake?” – and he said “No, I’m afraid it was a bomb.” He had such faith in the Indian people, & that anarchy was dying out, that they say the shock of that has hurt him most terribly. He insisted they should go on, & it wasn’t till she looked back & saw the terribly mangled remains of the man who was holding the Sate umbrella over them, that she got the procession stopped. She spoke to the Viceroy, & just at that moment his face became perfectly grey, & he sort of convulsively crumpled up & fell forward unconscious…” (4 Feb. 1913).
[Sir William Henry Clark]: “He is one of 6 Council members who I suppose correspond more or less to the Cabinet at home, & are tremendous people out here, with salutes of 17 guns, deputations & addresses wherever they move, banquets, guards of honour, bands and garlands, to say nothing of special trains with private kitchens, bathrooms, & compartments for their entire staff of servants.” <…> (13 Feb. 1913).
[Indian people, servants, etc.]: “they know from long experience how white people like things done, & are a thousand times better than the ordinary little cook & house parlour maid of England or Ireland” (25 Jan. 1912); “…in Bengal [people] are the most mouldy little rats, with greasy heads, nearly always turban less, the average man is about the size of an English boy of 14, except when they’re enormously fat & oily, & quite disgusting. The women wear one dirty white drapery, & they all look seditious crow brutes, more like mice than men! But these Punjabies really are men, - great tall fine-looking creatures, all in turbans of every imaginable colour, with full white trousers & coats, & the look of a good fighting race…” (5 Nov. 1912); “all cooks in this country live to put spice in everything they touch, & Abdul Rashid is no exception. I have to wage war on nutmeg and cinnamon, but it creeps insidiously in upon the smallest provocation” (30 Dec. 1912); “We have been having terrible domestic scenes in the servants’ quarters, where the dishwasher & kitchen maid came & complained that the bearer had taken his wife from him! (he. The husband, always seemed to be beating her because she would stand outside the door & talk to other men!) Of course, the bearer indignantly denied it, - the dishwasher was under sentence to go already, & Charlie said they must be gone, bag & baggage, within an hour. He said his wife wouldn’t come with him, & then a terrible scene was enacted in front of the house, entirely for our benefit: he dragged her along the ground, she kicking & moaning, & thus they advanced about a yard at a time; till finding we were entirely unresponsive & only ordering them to go a little quicker, they picked themselves up & mournfully departed” (18 Jun. 1913).
[Mixed Anglo-Indian marriages]: “I must say it gave me rather a shock to see an obvious English girl, fair and rather pretty though second-rate looking dressed in a complete native dress; they say sometimes the daughters of houses in London that take in as lodgers these natives studying to be barristers or something, marry them and come out here to live, of course purely native fashion. Rather horrible I think, don’t you?” (27 Feb. 1912).
[King’s Birthday Parade, Dalhousie]: “The solid stodgy red lines of the Manchesters, Connaught Rangers & Lancashire Fusiliers marched past well knowing they were there to make an impression on the rows of dark faces huddled on the opposite hillside, in turbans & clothes of every most brilliant hue, who sat absolutely silent, watching while 3 cheers for the King, & salutes to the Flag, echoed & crackled round the hills & back again. They say there is a good deal of sedition & trouble going on under the surface – people holding disloyal meetings & warlike races like Sikhs trying to stir up the others; but no two of the many races in this enormous country would ever unite. I should imagine, - & we would never be caught so unprepared again as in the Mutiny days” (18 Jun. 1913).
[Reference to Rudyard Kipling]: “There is a “haunted bungalow” close by here, & it certainly has an air of great loneliness & mystery: masses of rock are lying tumbled about in the garden, & big beams that came down when the house was damaged in an earthquake. The house has been rebuilt, but is unlet now, & it is supposed to be the original of Kipling’s story about the man riding to see his love, on a stormy night when the rains had made the soil all loose – his horse bolted down the Khud, past the house, & he was never seen or heard of more, except that now people frequently hear him thundering past – Mrs. Carnegy, the General’s wife, vows and declares she has often heard it!” (20 May 1913).
[Description of a photo attached to the letter from May 20, 1913]: “I send you a photograph of the view from here, which may give you a sort of idea of the country, & the different layers, the nearer & lower slopes thick with rhododendrons, deodars & all sorts of trees, then only pines & gradually up to bare rock & the snows above all; Kashmir is over those mountains I believe.”
[Titanic wreck]: “Wasn’t the Titanic disaster perfectly haunting? I think worse that the shock of going down must have been the icy cold of the water, in which they couldn’t possibly live for more than a few minutes. We haven’t got the English papers account of it yet; but it ought really to make the builders of these luxurious & enormous liners pause & think a bit” (25 Apr. 1912).
[WW1]: “The Divisions from here seem to be going there, at present at any rate, & I suppose they may send farther reinforcements to guard oil fields in Persia, & keep an eye on Turkey. It is announced by Mahomedans out here that the Germans have tried their hardest to stir up the Turks, by representing that they lent them money in their need, while England didn’t help them& & of course if they succeeded in rousing the Turks, the Mahomedans of this country would almost certainly fo in with them, for the triumph of faith. Germans are supposed & I believe known, to have gone about stirring up trouble in the bazars, & many have now been deported to isolated places & guarded, like the Boer prisoners. They say a German either put, or bribed a native to put, this bomb in the Lahore fort, which would have been truly awful thing if it hadn’t been for the courage of a Capt. Rock, I think his name ism who, receiving a letter to say “Beware of fire tonight,” instantly thought of the Fort & rushed off there; seizing the bomb in his hand he fled outside with it ticking away, & flung it from him, but not before his arms & face were burnt” (2 Sept. 1914).
George Charles Sholto MacLeod (2nd Battalion, the Black Watch/ Royal Highlanders) was born at Sylhet, Assam on 28 June 1877. At the age of nineteen he joined the ranks of the army, in which he served for over three and a half years. He served during the South African War from 1899-1900 with the Royal Lancaster Regiment, with whom he gained the award of the Distinguished Conduct Medal (London Gazette 19 April 1901) ‘...for gallantry at Spion Kop, in the absence of stretcher bearers did good work in carrying wounded out of action under hot fire.’ He subsequently took part in the operations on Tugela Heights, where he was severely wounded. He received his commission in the Lancashire Fusiliers in May 1900, and was promoted Lieutenant in April 1901. In April 1905, he obtained special promotion to the Hampshire Regiment, as Captain, and in June 1908 was transferred to the Black Watch with the same rank. He served with the Egyptian Army from 1906 to 1908. Captain MacLeod died in hospital at Bethune, where he was taken after the action at Richebourg on 9 May 1915, suffering from shrapnel wounds. He had been wounded previously in France in November 1914. As well as the D.C.M. And Q.S.A. He is entitled to for his Boer War Service, he was also awarded the 1911 Coronation Medal.
He married Sybil Constance Jeffreys on June 2, 1908, they had two children – Sheila (12 Nov. 1909-1986), and Neil (16 Feb. 1914 - ?).


18. [ASIA - JAPAN]
UTAGAWA, Yoshikazu (active 1850-70)
[Coloured Oban Triptych 'Ukiyo-e' Woodblock Print of Foreigners Being Entertained at Gankiro Brothel in the Miyozaki Pleasure Quarter in Yokohama Titled:] Yokohama Miyozaki Kuruwa Gankiro Ijin Yuko no Zu.

1861. Three part coloured woodblock (each part with printed artist's name stamp), together ca. 37x76,5 cm (15x30 in). This woodblock print is in very good condition.
The print shows Caucasian and Chinese men enjoying food, sake and the company of Japanese geishas in the Gankiro brothel, also known as the house of fans, in the Miyozaki pleasure quarter of Yokohama. "Miyozaki Yukaku," Miyozaki's red light district opened in November 1859 after a request by the Dutch ambassador to build brothels for the many single foreign men in Yokohama. There were 15 brothels in Miyozaki, and of these, Gankiro was the largest and most famous. Gankiro was divided into two sections, one for foreigners and one for Japanese customers and Japanese customers weren't allowed into the foreigner section and vice-versa. In his 1860 world tour journal, Richard Henry Dana jr., author of "Two Years Before the Mast" gave a contemporary description of Gankiro which to him "looked like a temple, it is so large and handsome, Within are parlors, reception rooms, dining rooms, a dancing hall, a theater etc, etc. The chief rooms were beautifully carved and elaborately painted. The chief artists of Yeddo contributed each a panel, for the walls and ceiling. Lacquered furniture and screens abound, and great neatness everywhere" (Guth, Longfellow's Tattoos p. 17).
This print is one of most famous works of Yoshikazu, who was a student of Kuniyoshi. Kuniyoshi had his own branch of the Utagawa school and was one of the last great masters of the Japanese ukiyo-e style of woodblock prints. Yonemura, Yokohama Prints, p. 148; sdmart.org.


[NAKAHAMA], “John” Manjiro] (1827-1898), DONTSUSHI [editor]
Manjiro Hyoryuki Zen [Manjiro’s Record of Drifting].

Nagasaki: Soroken zonan, [1852]. 12mo (ca. 17,5x12 cm). T.p. (attached to the inner side of the front cover), 17 double-ply leaves; with 6 double-page and 2 single-page woodblock illustrations placed in recto and verso of the leaves (four printed in colour), with a small woodcut illustration on the last leaf. Text and illustrations within single border, main text eleven vertical lines. Original Japanese fukuro toji binding: brownish paper covers; leaves sewn together with thread; original paper title label on the front cover. Red ink stamps on the first, second, and last leaves. Housed in a later Japanese cloth folder with a paper label of a Japanese bookshop inside the upper cover. Cover slightly rubbed and creased, several minor worm holes, otherwise a very good copy.
“The first printed account of a Japanese voyage to Hawaii, and certainly one of the first Pacific voyage narratives issued in Japan. This was written while the Japanese exclusion edict (which forbade travel to, or the dissemination of knowledge of, foreign lands) was still in effect. It is signed with the pseudonym “Dontushi.” In the preface the author (Manjiro Nakahama) explains: “I recorded this for the purpose of distributing [it] among my friends. It is kept in secret so I am prohibited to sell this book.” Manjiro and four companions were shipwrecked in 1841 on the island of Torijima where they existed for six months by catching albatross, before being rescued by Captain Whitfield of the John Howland and brought to Honolulu. This narrative concludes with Manjiro’s arrival in Honolulu, but the text includes information on Hawaii. A view of Honolulu and several natural history drawings are also included.
Manjiro (better known at this time as “John Mung”) accompanied Captain Whitfield to New England, where he became a member of the captain’s household and was educated. He subsequently participated on several voyages, becoming the first mate on the Franklin. His later career included gold prospecting in California (1850). An accomplished seaman, he was the first Japanese to navigate a ship using Western scientific instruments. On his return to Japan he was closely questioned regarding his extensive knowledge of America. During Admiral Perry’s visits in 1853 and 1854, he served as translator and advisor and in 1860, he acted in the same capacity as a member of the Japanese embassy to Washington, D.C. Elevated form the status of a common fisherman from Usagun Tosa, to low Samurai rank, and probably the first commoner to be allowed a given name, he became a legend both in Japan and in Fairhaven, Massachusetts. President Franklin D. Roosevelt once told Manjiro’s biographer, Emily Warinnter, that Manjiro was a “fabulous character of my boyhood.”
The text illustrations (listed from back to front) are the following:
1) Portrait of the author reading his narrative and wearing his Western clothes (in colour) (p. 2);
2) American steamship (in colour) (pp. 3-4);
3) “Birds call towokiro on uninhabited island” and “Stones of Oahu” (in colour) (pp. 5-6);
4) Taro of Oahu (in colour) (p. 7);
5) Shipwreck on Torijima (pp. 11-12);
6) Catching Albatross for food (pp. 17-18);
7) Manjiro’s rescue by the John Howland (pp. 23-24)
8) Honolulu Harbour (pp. 29-30)
9) Gravestone of a companion (p. 34).”
The description is taken from: Hawaiian National Bibliography. Vol. 3, 1851-1880. University of Hawaii, 2001. No. 1888, pp. 43-44.
See more: Warinner, Emily V. Voyager to Destiny: The Amazing Adventures of Manjiro, the Man Who Changed the World Twice. Indianapolis and New York, 1956.


SUIDO, Nakajima
[Large Folding Coloured Woodblock World Map, Titled:] Shintei Chikyuu Bankoku Houzu [New Revised Map of All the Countries on the Globe].

Kaei 6 (1853). Ca. 72,5x127,5 cm (28 ¾ x 50 in). Second edition. Coloured woodblock map, strengthened with rice paper. Extensive printed captions in Japanese throughout. Original publisher’s brownish card covers with paper title label on the front cover, two blind stamps on both covers and an ink inscription in Japanese on the back cover. Fold marks, minor holes in the right upper part and minor stains on the lower margin, otherwise a very good map.
Large attractive Japanese world map revealing a growing western influence in the Japanese cartography of the late Tokugawa period. Second revised edition (first edition published in 1852), printed the same year as Commodore Matthew Perry’s first expedition to the Edo Bay (which resulted in the end of the over 200-year period of Japan’s isolation from the most of the outside world). The map is drawn in a European Mercator projection and includes some updates corresponding to the latest political events, i.e. British claims to Washington Territory and British Columbia. The map is naturally centered in Japan, with the accurate representation of Australia and the Pacific Ocean, including the discoveries of Bering and Cook in the North Pacific. The Korean Peninsula, Sakhalin Island and the Kurile Archipelago are shown as Japanese territories. The Sea of Japan is labeled as the Sea of Joseon (Korea), which reflects the ongoing dispute about its name (the “Sea of Japan” was recognized as the only title for the sea by the International Hydrographic Organization in 2012). The inserts show four hemispheres on stereographic projection (southern is shown without Antarctica). Overall a fine colourful map representing the world from the Japanese point of view. Beans, G.H. Japanese maps of the Tokugawa era. Jenkintown, 1951. 1853, 1-5.


[Collection of Thirteen Business Documents and Over Twenty Pages of Correspondence, Prospectus, Plans and Maps (Including an Official Large Manuscript map that Shows the Jesselton Survey District) Regarding the British North Borneo Company in the Jesselton District (Present-Day Sebah, Malaysia) and the Incorporation of Bangawan Rubber Ltd].

Ca. 1909-1910. One large manuscript wax paper map ca. 107x55 cm (42 x 21 ½ in) and two duplicate maps ca. 21,5x34 cm (8 ½ x 13 ½ in). Thirteen typed and handwritten official and draft agreements each ca. 33x20,5 cm (13x8 in) the majority2-4 pages each, some with period handwritten ink or pencil completions and many with official seals and signatures. Over twenty typed correspondence items, prospectus, maps and planning documents ca. 26x20 cm (10x8 in) to ca. 34x21,5 cm (13 ½ x 8 ½ in). All documents dated and in very good condition, most with original folds.
A historically interesting collection of business documents relating to the British North Borneo Company’s resource extraction and economic activities between 1909 and 1910. One map depicts the property of the British North Borneo Company, including the completed and projected railway which was used to transport goods to the Jesselton harbor, present-day Kota Kinabalu. The map shows the rubber estates (Bangawan, Membakut, North Borneo State Ltd. Beaufort Borneo Co. Ltd.) and the location of coal, gold and oil. The map covers the Alcock, Keppel Dewhurst, Myburgh, Martin, Dent, Cunliffe, and Elphinstone Provinces (present-day state of Sabah and Labuan Territory) and the border with Brunei. On the verso are typed details about the company’s capital, documenting its growth from 1900 to 1908. The rest of the collection relates to the establishment of Bangawan Rubber Limited to which the government leased land for rubber production. Included is a large manuscript map that shows the Jesselton Survey District, depicting various towns and stations along the railway line and including the Kimanis, Bangawan and Membakut Estates. The map accompanies a Concession of Land from The British North Borneo Company to Bangawan Rubber Ltd. on November 15th 1909. The Jesselton District became a major trading post in North Borneo.
List of Documents:
Index to Block Sheets, Jesseton Survey District; Borneo Planters Ltd. And Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Agreement; Borneo Planters Ltd. And Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Assignment; British North Borneo Company Ltd. And Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Draft Concession and Draft Indenture; Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Agreement; Rough Estimate of Preliminary Expenses; Assignment of Directors; Borneo Planters Ltd. And G.A. Kerr Esq. Agreement as to Rights of A. Shares; Borneo Planters Ltd. And Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Draft Agreement and Agreement; British North Borneo Company Ltd. And The Borneo Planters Ltd. Agreement for Concession; The British North Borneo Company and Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Draft Concession and Concession; Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Prospectus; British North Borneo: Area of the Company’s Chartered Property (Map); The British North Borneo Company; 1910 British North Borneo Company Ltd. And Bangawan Rubber Ltd. Agreement.


DOBELL, Peter (1775-1852)
Sept années en Chine. Nouvelles observations sur cet empire, l'archipel Indo-Chinois, les Philippines et les îles Sandwich. [Seven years in China. New Observations on this Empire, the Indo-Chinese Archipelago, the Philippines and the Sandwich Islands].

Paris: Gide, 1838. First French Edition. Octavo (ca. 21,5x14 cm). x, 358 pp. With two lithographed plates of a man and woman of Manila. Translated from Russian by Prince Emmanuel Galitzin. Handsome period brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. Plates with some very minor foxing, but overall in very original near fine condition.
This first French edition contains "Dobell's remarks (pp. 232-241) regarding his voyage to Hawaii [not included in the first English edition]. In the supplement (note 42, pp. 334-335) there is a letter of March 25, 1820, from Riho-Riho (Kamehameha II) to the Tsar of Russia [also not included in the first English edition]" (Forbes 1090). "Dobell arrived in Kamchatka by sea in 1812, in the service of the Russian government. This journal records his personal observations of the manners, customs, population, religion, and resources during his fifteen years of traveling in China and Siberia. Much of this time, approximately seven years, he operated as a trader based in China; the second half of volume two describes his experiences and residence there (which had begun in 1798). Dobell indicates that his observations concentrate on the wonderful works of nature" in order that the reader may learn "how rich and interesting a region is Siberia, heretofore only represented to the imagination in the most gloomy and unattractive colors." The two excellent frontispieces illustrate this Siberian life" (Hill 484). Dobell was "an Irish trader and adventurer, [who] had formerly been a merchant at Canton. In return for negotiating the safety of Krusenstern's ship, which in 1804 was on the point of being seized by the Chinese at Canton, Tsar Alexander rewarded Dobell with the position of Russian consul-general to the Pacific Ocean. The appointment forced him to quit Canton and forfeit his business. From his base at Manila in the Philippines, Dobell travelled widely in the Pacific, visiting the Sandwich Islands and the ports of Siberia (1812)" (Howgego 1800-1850, C39). "British counselor at Alexander's court journeys from Kamchatka to the Ural Mountains, August-November, 1812. He provides a mass of detail about Siberia, its peoples, its resources, and the road that serves as the connection between the east and west limits of the Empire" (Nerhood 155).
Peter Dobell was an intrepid adventurer and lived a truly exciting life. Born in Ireland and educated in Philadelphia, he travelled for 30 years, especially in South-East Asia and China where he went three times and lived for seven years. While in Canton Dobell met the Russian explorer Ivan Krusenstern who was on his famous circumnavigation. Dobell's was able to help the Russian expedition for which Emperor Alexander I sent him a diamond ring. This was probably one of the reasons why Dobell ultimately became a Russian citizen. Prompted by the idea of organising the regular supply of provisions to Kamchatka, in 1812 he sent two ships there from Manila on his own cost. Dobell also visited Kamchatka and then travelled to Saint Petersburg through Siberia. It was the diary of that travel which was first published in Saint Petersburg magazine "Syn Otechestva" in 1815-1816 and later in London (1830). In 1818 Alexander I approved Dobell's plan and appointed him Consul General of Russia's first mission in Manila. However the Spanish government refused to accept Dobell, but promised to support him as a private person. The adventurer returned to Kamchatka and obtained the title of the 2nd Guild merchant. He tried to start trade between Kamchatka and Manila several times but always unsuccessfully which resulted in great financial losses. His main competition was the Russian-American company which lobbied its interests in the Pacific and didn't allow foreign traders to come to the ports of the Eastern Siberia. Moreover, Dobell's property in Manila was destroyed during the riots, and he, almost ruined, returned to Saint Petersburg in 1828. In spite of everything, he didn't lose his courage and continued the life of traveller and thrill seeker (Russian Biographical Dictionary on-line); Cordier Sinica 2109.


[Manuscript Copy of Several Important Japanese Documents Related to Commodore Perry’s Landing in Kanagawa in March 1854, Including a Detailed Description of the Funeral of Robert Williams (a Marine from U.S.S. Mississippi), List of Names of Perry’s Party, Lists of Presents Prepared by Both the American and Japanese Sides, etc., Titled:] Koshi taru nami ki [Record of Overcoming Difficulties].

Early Meiji period copy. Octavo (ca. 24x17 cm). 41 leaves. Manuscript in Japanese, black ink on paper, with occasional notes in red ink, main text twelve vertical lines; with nine pages of ink-drawn sketches in text. Original Japanese fukuro toji binding: brownish paper covers with leaves sewn together with thread and original paper title labels on the front cover. Housed in a later Japanese blue cloth folder with a paper title label. Title labels on the manuscript with minor losses not affecting the text, overall a very good manuscript.
Interesting manuscript collection of several important Japanese documents relating to Matthew Perry’s second voyage to Japan, which resulted in the Signing of the Treaty of Kanagawa in March 1854. This manuscript, likely copied a few years later, starts with a detailed description of the negotiations about the funeral of Robert Williams (1830-1854), a young marine who had died aboard the USS Mississippi shortly after the arrival of Perry’s fleet the Edo Bay. Written in a diary style and starting from “10 [February]” (21 February 1854), the description also covers the funeral and is illustrated with hand-drawn sketches of Williams’ coffin and tomb stone. Williams’ grave on the grounds of the Zotokuin temple near Yokohama village started what later became known as Yokohama Foreign General Cemetery, one of the biggest in Japan. The manuscript also includes a detailed lists of people and ships from Perry party (noting people’s professions, i.e. Translators or artists), presents from the American president to the Japanese emperor (steam train, electric telegraph, a map of the United States, tea, perfume, swords, guns, “American white liquor,” and an entry which seems to refer to Audubon’s “Birds of America”) and vice versa, as well as copies of reports to Matsudaira Noriyasu (1794-1870), a senior advisor of the Shogunate. The manuscript includes two hand-drawn portraits of Commodore Perry and Commander Henry A. Adams, copied from original drawings by the official artist of the Japanese side Takagawa Bunsen. The first leaf of the manuscript lists the main documents included: “Yokohama Ijin Hunbo no ki” (Report about a foreigner's grave in Yokohama), “Ni gatsu to ka Yokohama Joriku Meisei” (List of names of the landing [party in] Yokohama on Feb 10th), and “Ijin Kenjyobutsu Kudasaremono Hinmoku” (List of gifts to the foreigners and from the foreigners). The paper is marked “Seikyu Yakushitsu” in the margin which refers to the medical practice of Murakami Bansetsu (1815-1877), the doctor of the Shogun’s elder brother Ikeda Yoshinori (1837-1877). Overall an interesting manuscript containing important details of Perry’s landing in Kanagawa in March 1854.
“In 1853, Commodore Matthew C. Perry, with his four kurofune (black ships) Mississippi, Plymouth, Saratoga and Susquehanna suddenly appeared off Uraga in Edo Bay (Tokyo Bay) and surprised the people of Japan. Perry landed at Kurihama, south of Yokosuka in the Miura peninsula and delivered a letter from President Millard Fillmore and demanded the bakufu (the shogun government) to open the ports to the American vessels. The next year (1854), when Perry returned with a squadron of seven warships the Mississippi, Susquehanna, Powhatan, Macedonia, Saratoga, Vandalia, Southampton, Lexington and Supply (joined the Squadron after the actual landing on March 8) for the negotiations, Robert Williams, a 24 year-old marine, died aboard the USS Mississippi, one of the steam frigates. Perry requested for a piece of land to be used as a cemetery for the Americans in which to bury Williams. After negotiations, bakufu offered a place within Zotokuin temple in Yokohama village, with a view overlooking the sea (a special request by Perry). This was how the Yokohama Foreign General Cemetery started on the Bluff. Three months latter the grave of Williams, the first man buried at the gaijin bochi (foreigner's cemetery), was moved to Gyokusenji Temple in Shimoda on the Izu Peninsula. The Americans were offered burial plots through the U.S. Japan Peace and Amity Treaty of 1854. Five Americans, mainly from Perry's voyage and three Russians were buried at Gyokusenji” (Yokohama Foreign General Cemetery online).


INGAKUDO; UTAGAWA, Yoshimori (artist, 1830-1884)
Ikoku Ochiba Kago [Fallen Leaves from a Foreign Country].

[Tokyo, 1854]. 12mo (ca. 17,5x12 cm). First and only edition. 20 double-ply leaves; with 4 double-page and 13 single-page colour woodblock illustrations placed on recto and verso of the leaves. Printed without a title page, text and illustrations within single border, main text eleven vertical lines. Original Japanese fukuro toji binding: grey paper covers with embossed floral ornaments; leaves sewn together with thread; original paper title label on the front cover. Ink inscriptions on the inner side of the front cover and both sides of the back cover; red ink stamps on the inner side of the front cover and the last leaf. Several stamps in text. Housed in a later Japanese cloth folder with a paper label of a Japanese bookshop inside the upper cover. Cover slightly rubbed, title labels with minor losses, several minor worm holes, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare Japanese imprint with only four paper copies found in Worldcat.
Rare historically important contemporary Japanese account of Matthew Perry’s famous naval expeditionary mission to Japan (1853-1854) which lead to the end of the country’s 220-year-old policy of isolation and the establishment of diplomatic relations with western “Great Powers”. The book was published in 1854, shortly after the signing of the Kanagawa Treaty (March 31, 1854) which opened the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate for American vessels. A description of the events written by an anonymous author (the preface is signed by one “Ingakudo”), the book contains colourful illustrations, including a map of the Edo Bay (with the new coastal fortifications, including the Odaiba Islands which were erected after Perry’s first landing in July 1853), an American steam engine, presents from the Americans to the Japanese Emperor, a map of North America and the Caribbean, eight portraits – four shoulder-length of Matthew Perry, his son Lt. Oliver Hazard Perry II (1825-79), who acted as his secretary, Commander Henry A. Adams (Perry’s chief of staff), and an American naval officer, and four full-length of the American soldiers; four images of details of American uniform, drums, trumpets, a sable, and a picture of a “Black ship” (possibly, USS “Mississippi”). The account ends with the Japanese translation of Commodore Perry's message to the Japanese Emperor. The illustrations signed by “Miki Kosai” were executed by a talented Japanese artist and engraver Utagawa Yoshimori. The book is “the rarest and finest of the printed books devoted to Perry in Japan, 1853-54 <…> the finest of all printed Perry-ana” (Foreigners in Early Japan: Paintings, Prints, Books; Including a Remarkable Perry Scroll and Scroll of Russians in Japan, 1853-1855. Dawson's Book Shop, Los Angeles 1966-1969, Catalogue 354, Lot 154).
Perry first arrived to the Edo Bay in July 1853 and then returned in February 1854. He was allowed to land at Kanagawa, the site of modern-day Yokohama on March 8, 1854, where a special “Treaty House” was erected on shore. The negotiations lasted for almost a month, accompanied with the presentation of the gifts from the American President to the Japanese Emperor and vice versa, contests by sumo wrestlers, drills of American marines, banquets and many other activities between the Americans and the Japanese. After the Treaty was signed Perry and his ships cruised in the Edo Bay and departed for Simoda on April 11-18, 1854.
Utagawa Yoshimori “designed both woodblock prints and illustrated books. As well as producing images of Yokohama, he designed kachoga, musha-e, yokohyama-e, giga and works of political satire such as the below pictured 1864 print Tongue-cut Sparrow (Shita-kiri suzume). He contributed over a dozen prints to the famous series Scenes of Famous Places along the Tōkaidō Road (Tōkaidō meisho fūkei), also known as the Processional Tōkaidō (Gyōretsu Tōkaidō.) The influence of Kuniyoshi is clear in many of his works. He designed over thirty books, many of them song and humorous poetry books” (Utagawa Yoshimori (1830-1884)/ The Lavenberg Collection of Japanese Prints online).


[ISONO, Bunsai, Nagasaki School]
[Original Hand Coloured Japanese Woodblock Print Portrait of Nikolay Rezanov, a Founding Member of the Russian-American Company, a Participant of the First Russian Circumnavigation in 1803-1806, and the First Russian Envoy to Japan, Titled in Manuscript:] Oroshyakoku no shisetsu Rezanotsuto [Russian Envoy Rezanov].

Nagasaki: Yamatoya, ca. 1840s. Hand coloured woodblock print ca. 40x16 cm (16 x 6 ¼ in). With a stamp in Japanese characters reading “Nagasaki Yamatoya” in the right lower corner, and handwritten title in Japanese in the upper left corner. Mounted in a recent mat. Paper slightly age toned (dust stained), margins slightly trimmed, otherwise a very good strong impression of this rare print.
Rare early Nagasaki school print showing the first Russian envoy to Japan Nikolay Petrovich Rezanov (1764-1807), who stayed in Nagasaki in October 1804 – April 1805 fruitlessly trying to establish diplomatic relations with Japan. This copy from the collection of Charles R. Boxer (1904-2000), British spy in Hong Kong before WWII, brilliant historian of early Dutch and Portuguese colonial empires in Asia and Brazil and the author of over 330 works on the topic, Camoens Professor of Portuguese Studies at King’s College (London), as well as in for other universities (Yale, Indiana University, University of Virginia, University of Michigan and University of Missouri at St. Louis). He mentioned Rezanov in his “Jan Compagnie in Japan, 1600-1817” (The Hague, 1936, p. 108).
Rezanov was a founding member of the Russian-American Company (1799-1881), and his mission to Japan was carried out on board the frigate “Nadezhda” – one of the two ships which executed the first Russian circumnavigation (1803-1806) under command of Adam von Krusenstern and Yury Lisyansky. According to Krusenstern, during the meetings with the Japanese officials in Nagasaki, Rezanov had to take off his shoes, give away his sword, and sit on the floor instead of a chair – a normal custom for the Japanese, but a Russian nobleman who was well-received at the Imperial Court in Saint Petersburg, took it as humiliation. After four months of waiting, the Japanese Emperor finally refused to open the country for the Russians, and Rezanov proceeded to Kamchatka and thence to Sitka where he served as the Imperial inspector and plenipotentiary of the Russian American Company. In order to feed the starving colonists, Rezanov bought an American vessel “Juno” with its cargo of various staple foods, and supervised the construction of another ship named “Avos.” In March 1806 both ships proceeded to California where a heavy cargo of wheat, barley and beans was purchased for the colonists in Sitka. Leaving Russian America in summer 1806 Rezanov instructed the Chief Manager of the RAC Alexander Baranov to establish a Russian settlement in California in order to provide the Alaskan colonies with food; such a settlement named Fort Ross was founded in 1812 and was sold only in 1841. Rezanov also ordered the captains of “Juno” and “Avos” – Nikolay Khvostov and Gavriil Davydov to rake revenge for his humiliation in Japan; as a result, for two years “Juno” and “Avos” sailed to the Japanese territories of Southern Sakhalin, Kuril Islands and Hokkaido, where they robbed and burned the settlements, and captured several Japanese. This eventually lead to the notorious “Golovnin incident” of 1811-13, when Vasily Golovnin, and several members of his crew were taken captive by the Japanese on the Kunashir Island and were imprisoned for two years in Matsumae.
The print depicts Rezanov the way he most likely appeared in front of the Japanese officials - wearing a tricorn hat and full-dress uniform, decorated with the Russian Imperial Order of Saint Anna (which he was awarded shortly before the expedition), carrying a sword in golden sheath hanging on a baldric, and drawing upon a stick. Rezanov’s mission was depicted in several Japanese scrolls and Nagasaki prints. This copy is titled in manuscript, noting that “Russian envoy Rezanov came to Japan on the 7th of the ninth month [September] in the first year of Bunka [1804]”.
Howgego II, R9; Mody, N.H. A Collection of Nagasaki Colour Prints and Paintings. London & Kobe, 1939, plate 91.


SUZUKI, Shigehisa (active 1854-64); MATSUURA, Takeshiro (1818-1888); UTAGAWA, Sadahide (artist, 1807-1873)
Karafuto Nikki [Diary of Sakhalin].

Edo [Tokyo]: Harimaya Katsugoro zohan, Ansei 7 [January 1860]. First edition. 2 vols. Quarto (ca. 25x17,5 cm). 28, 34 double-ply leaves; with 8 double-page and five single-page woodblock illustrations in text. Text and illustrations within single border, main text ten vertical lines. Illustrated by “Hashimoto Gyokurano ga”. Original Japanese fukuro toji bindings: green paper covers with leaves sewn together with strings and original paper title labels on the front covers. Several ink stamps on the title page and first and last leaves of both volumes, some partly removed (one names the owner “Ishikawa bunko”); large red ink stamp on verso of leaf 19 in volume 2. Housed in a later Japanese cloth folder with a paper label of a Japanese bookshop inside the upper cover. Covers and title labels slightly rubbed, otherwise a very good set.
Very Rare Japanese imprint with only six paper copies found in Worldcat. Interesting original account of a Japanese exploratory travel to the Southern Sakhalin Island at the time of its early colonization, both by Japan (in the south) and Russia (in the north). Shigenisa Suzuki, a Japanese official, went on a six-day trip from Kushunkotan village (modern-day Russian town of Korsakov, Aniva Bay) up the Susuya River and thence overland to the Naibutsu village (modern-day Ust-Dolinka) on the east coast of the island; he then crossed the island to the Maanui on the west coast, and returned home via Shiranushi – the southernmost Japanese settlement on Sakhalin, exactly across the Strait of Laperouse from Soya (Hokkaido). The book was edited and supplemented with commentaries by Matsuura Takeshiro Genkuwo, “a native of the province of Ise,” wro also travelled in the southern Sakhalin, in 1859 (Transactions and Proceedings of the Japan Society of London. Vol. IV. London, 1900, p. 21). The illustrations were done by prominent Japanese woodblock print artist Utagawa Sadahide “a senior pupil of Kunisada, <…> [who] produced many single-sheet prints and book illustrations. Sadahide is unquestionably the most gifted of the numerous Japanese artists who reported pictorially the crucial period of Western influence in the country's history” (British Museum online).
Suzuki gives vivid descriptions of the Ainu people of Sakhalin, their houses, manners and customs. He also briefly describes the remnants of the Russian post near the mouth of the Susuya River, known as fort Muravyovsky, the first Russian settlement on Sakhalin. Founded by a Russian navigator and explorer Gennady Nevelskoy on 21 September O.S./ 3 October N.S. 1853 on the site of the Ainu village Kushinkotan on the shore of the Salmon Inlet of the Aniva Bay, the fort was relocated to the mainland shore of the Strait of Tartary in May 1854 (i.e. A few months before Suzuki’s travel) due to the beginning of the Crimean War. It was rebuilt in 1869 under the name of fort Korsakovsky.
“A good general account of Sakhalin and its inhabitants, founded on the personal experiences of the two authors, whose journeys there were made at different times. Matsuura’s notes give the native Aino etymology of the place-names of Sakhalin” (Chamberlain, B.H. The Language, Mythology, and Geographical Nomenclature of Japan viewed in the Light of Aino Studies// Memoirs of the Literature College, Imperial University of Japan, No. 1. Tokyo, 1887, p. 160).
A list of illustrations:
1) Entering the Harbour of Kushinkotan (showing Mount Shushuya);
2) Map of the Shushuya Track;
3) The Great Fuki plant of North Yezo (Petasites sp.);
4) [Ainu water vessel?];
5) [Native plants of Sakhalin];
6) [Suzuki crossing a bridge made of a tree trunk, welcomed by the Ainus];
7) Sabuni exhibiting his treasures (Interior of a Sakhalin Ainu hut);
8) View of Naibutsu;
9) An Ainu family (the woman is tattooed round the mouth, one of the children is preparing a “Todo” (sea lion) skin, the husband is making “Yenawo,” who of which finished are shown on his right);
10) The Bay of Chikaberoshinai (the distant mountain on the left is Tosso-Nobori);
11) Kushun Ruver and Cape Yenrun;
12) Notoshamu, with Cape Kukke;
13) The Shrine of Benten (the Goddess Benzaiten) at Shiranushi (on the Horizon, from right to left are Todo Isle, Refunshiri and Rushiri, and Soya).
This is a rare first edition of the book, the second edition being published only in 2013 (Sapporo: Hokkaidō Shuppan Kikaku Sentā, 2013.) English translation was published in: The Twenty-Fourth Ordinary Meeting, December 11, 1895// Transactions and Proceedings of the Japan Society of London. Vol. IV. London, 1900, pp. 19-48.


TISSANDIER, Albert (1839-1906)
[Twenty-One Original Drawings by Albert Tissandier Showing Buddhist Temples, Sculptures, Ruins, Local People and Landscapes in Sri Lanka and India, Several of Which were Published in the French Scientific Journal “La Nature” and Tissandier’s 1892 Book “Voyage Autour du Monde”].

1887-1890. Collection of twenty-one original drawings including ten large pencil drawings ca. 26x32,5 cm (10 ¼ x 12 ¾ in), six smaller pencil drawings between ca. 12,5x20,5 cm (4 ¾ x 8 in) and ca. 24,5x17 cm (9 ½ x 6 ¾ in), several heightened in white, and five pencil, ink and/or watercolour sketches each ca. 24x26,5 cm (9 ½ x 10 ¼ in) and smaller. All are mounted on 14 stiff card leaves each ca. 34,5x42,5 (13 ½ x 16 ¾ in), all dated and captioned in French in period manuscript ink, one drawing is outlined with a gold frame. Housed in a custom made oblong folio green cloth box ca. 44x35,5 cm with a green gilt tooled morocco label titled «Ile de Ceylan / Voyages de M.A. Tissandier / En 1887 et en 1890 / Dessins d’Après Nature» with the original paper manuscript title page included. Drawings and mounts in very good condition.
This historically important collection includes views of Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka) and India, drawn by Albert Tissandier, a talented architect and artist who travelled around the world and drew illustrations for a French scientific journal called “La Nature.” The drawings show sights during his voyage to Sri Lanka and India in 1887 and 1890, including Buddhist temples, a vatadage (a Buddhist structure unique to Sri Lanka), sculptures, ruins, scenes of local people and landscape views. The majority of the images depict Sri Lanka, including Matale, Maskeliya, Dambulla, Kalutura, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Kalami and Sigiriya. However, three images show India, including an animal hospice in Mumbai, women walking to the water source in Ajmer and the Bhaja temple. Three of the drawings in this collection were featured in Tissandier’s book « Voyage autour du monde: Inde et Ceylan, Chine et Japon, 1887-1890-1891 » published in 1892, including the Bhaja Temple, the animal hospice and the very tall Buddha made of granite in Vikara Aukana near lake Kalewewa. Also included are several plans of ruins and sketches of sculptures with notes indicating the measurements as well as detailed and explanatory captions. Overall, a collection of interesting and artistically gifted drawings showing sights in Sri Lanka and India during the late 19th century.
Temples boudhists à Matelé; Degrés de granit pour monter au tombeau de Mahindo; Pierre sculptée représentant un petit palais Cynghalais; Passage d’un Torrent sur le dos de mon guide Cynghalais près de Maskeliya; temple de Bhaja et son monastère (Vihara); Intérieur de Maha Dewa Dewal, Dumballa village; Maison de pêcheur au bord de la mer à Kolatura; Les cocotiers et la mer à Kalatura; Ruines d’un ancien aqueduc Cynghalais à Mnimithale; Lac de Pollonarua; Plan des ruines d’un pavillon d’été à Anuradhapura; Hospice des animaux à Bombay; Ornement en pierre sculptée; Ruines du Wata Dagé à Pollonarua; Ajmère - les femmes allant chercher le matin leurs provisions d’eau aux sources de la montagne; Le lac à Colombo; Grand Buddha de granit situé près du Vikara Aukana Kalewewa; Grand rocher de la forteresse Cynghalaise de Sigiri; Grand temple de Kalami.
Albert Tissandier was a French architect, aviator, illustrator, editor and archaeologist. He was the brother of adventurer Gaston Tissandier with whom he collaborated in writing the magazine La Nature, a French language scientific journal aimed at the popularization of science. He was heavily involved in it from the very first issue in 1873 until his retirement in 1905, less than a year before his death. In 1881, the brothers Tissandier demonstrated the world's first electric powered flight at an electricity exposition by attaching an electric motor to a dirigible. They then developed the Tissandier air ship, the first electric powered dirigible (for which Albert drew the blueprints), which departed from Auteuil, Paris, on October 8th, 1883 (This Day in Aviation).


CLEATHER, William H., Captain‚ 1st Ceylon Regiment (1783-1820)
[Two Extensive Autograph Letters Signed “W.H. Cleather” to his Sister Mary Littlehales, Describing his Early Service in the Military Regiment in British Ceylon, with notes on His Travel to Ceylon on Board HMS Thalia, Colombo Garrison and Officers, Local Society, Day Schedule et al].

HMS Thalia, “18 leagues to the North of St. Jago”, 20 October 1805 and Colombo Fort, 21 June (completed 2 September) 1806. Both Octavos (ca. 23x18 cm and 25x20 cm). Each 3 ½ pp. Both addressed and sealed on the last pages. Brown ink on watermarked laid and white paper. Fold marks, both letters with minor holes on the 4th pages after opening, affecting several words; second letter with tears and minor holes on folds, but overall very good letters.
Two extensive letters giving an interesting firsthand account of the early British rule in Sri Lanka (the British occupied former Dutch possessions on the island only ten years earlier, in 1795). The first letter describes Cleather’s voyage to Ceylon from England on board HMS Thalia, with the notes on the heat of the gun room‚ the frigate’s captain Walker, Santiago Island (Cape Verde) where they got fresh supplies and water, social life on board the ship et al. “I sleep every night in the most tantalizing situation you can possibly imagine, Rayner having strung my cot in the after gun room in the midst of <…> chests of dollars to the amount of 40.000 £ which they are taking out for the Company, there is 400.000 £ standing more below.”
The second letter completed almost a year later gives an inside look into the life of British military and civil society on Ceylon, shortly after the end of the First Kandyan War (1803-1805). Cleather praises the Colombo garrison’s chaplain Reverend W.H. Heywood in whose house he started writing the letter, notes that he has dined with the “Chief Secy. Mr. Arbuthnot (the 2nd personage in the Island),” and mentions “innumerable” balls and suppers to which “I am constantly invited.” His regiment “is stationed about ten miles from the Fort <…> I have a small house but very comfortable near the parade & not far from a pretty little Cot.[tage] of Heywoods where he generally resides – for this I pay two guineas a month (nothing here).” Cleather mentions that the Regiment which consists of sepoys trains a lot because it is expected to be reviewed shortly; notes on his relation with his colleague officers – Lieut.-Col. T.W. Kerr who “has an unfortunate disposition to talk scandal,” Fort Adjutant Mr. Stewart, officers wives and daughters and others. “I do not much …[?] the heat and have never had a day’s illness since I landed in the Island. I had no duty for two or three months at first being laid up with hurts in my legs. This is common enough & is thought nothing of, it is long since over…”
Captain W.H. Cleather of the first Ceylon Regiment, was educated at Exeter College, Oxford, and arrived in Ceylon in 1805. Through his sister Mary Littlehales (to whom the letters are addressed) he was a brother-in-law of Vice-Admiral Bendall Robert Littlehales (1765-1847), a participant of the Napoleonic Wars, and Captain Edward Littlehales (1805-1888), a commander of HMS Dolphin on the coast of West Africa during the suppression of the slave trade in the 1840s. During his career in the British Ceylon, he served in different Ceylon Regiments, was the Fort adjutant at Galle, Jaffna, and Colombo. He took part in military actions during the Uva Rebellion (1817-1818) and for many years served as Deputy Judge Advocate in Ceylon.


29. [ASIA - TIBET]
[ANDRADE, Antonio de] (1580-1634)
Histoire de ce qui s’est passé au royaume du Tibet. Tirée des lettres escrites en l’année 1626. Adressée au R.P. Mutio Vitelleschi, General de la Compagnie de Iesus. Traduicte d’Italien en François par un Pere de la mesme Companie [Account of the Events in the Kingdom of Tibet, from the letters written in 1626…

Paris: Sébastien Cramoisy, 1629. First Edition. Small Octavo (17,5x11 cm). [2 – t.p.], [6], 104 pp. With a woodcut vignette on the title page, a woodcut headpiece and several woodcut initials in text. Later full vellum with a later red morocco gilt lettered title label on the spine, all edges gilt. Paper very mildly age toned, otherwise a near fine clean copy.
First French edition of an important letter by Portuguese Jesuit missionary Antonio de Andrade written in Tsaparang, on the 15th of August 1626, during his second journey to Tibet. Andrade was sent as a Portuguese envoy to the Jesuit mission in Goa and then to Agra. “Seeking Christian communities thought to thrive beyond the Himalayas, and also to gather information on Lamaism, he left Delhi in 1624 with Manuel Marques (a Portuguese lay-brother) <…> By negotiating the deep snows of the Mana Pass (= Mana Shankou) (July 1624), Andrade descended into the state of Guge at Tsaparang (… on the River Sutlej in Tibet) where he encountered his first Buddhists. After successfully convincing the local ruler to allow the teaching of Christianity, Andrade returned to Agra. Immediately on reaching Agra, Andrade despatched a letter to his superiors, relating his journey and experiences in Tibet. This was published in Lisbon in 1626 by the press of Matteo Pinheiro under the title “Novo descobrimento do gram Cathayo, ou reinos de Tibet.” Accepting an invitation to return to Tibet, Andrade arrived back in the country in 1625 along with other Jesuits, and consecrated a church at Tsaparang on Easter Sunday 1626. Andrade made a third journey in 1627, but in 1629 was recalled to Goa to fulfil his appointment as superior for the Indies <…> In 1631 the mission of Tibet was abandoned when the lamas revolted at the growing influence of the Jesuits, provoking violent local reactions.” (Howgego, Encyclopedia of Exploration to 1800, A88).
The book was first published in Portuguese by Matteo Pinheiro (1627) and was translated into French (from the Italian edition of 1628) by Jesuit Jean Darde. It describes Andrade’s second voyage and the early days of the mission, talks about the kingdom of Tibet and nearby lands, and the opposition from the Lamas to the construction of the church and the development of the Jesuit mission. “Padre Andrade accepted the King’s offer to construct a Church and a residence for the Padres and work began on Easter day, April 12, 1626. Several houses near the palace were demolished to construct the buildings and a garden. The relationship between the Padres and royal family and the activities that took place in the palace and the Padres’ new residence in 1625 and 1626 are included in Padre Andrade’s long letter written on August 15, 1626 from Tibet. This second letter of Padre Andrade includes much more about Tibetan life, as well as the conflict between the lamas and the secular population friendly to Christianity” (Abdo, Joseph C. [Biography of] Padre Antonio de Andrade// http://win.ippolito-desideri.net/Andrade-en.html).
Brunet, I, 265. Cordier, BS, 2901. Sommervogel, I, 331.


30. [ASIA - TIBET]
FILCHNER, Wilhelm (1877-1957)
[A Collection of Seven Original Ink Drawings (Three initialed "C.A.") Used as Illustrations in Wilhelm Filchner's Book "Das Kloster Kumbum in Tibet. Ein Beitrag zu Seiner Geschichte” (Kumbum Monastery in Tibet. A Contribution to its History. Berlin: Mittler & Sohn 1906)].

Ca. 1905. Seven ink drawings on thick paper ca. 27x23 cm (11x9 in) and slightly smaller. The original ink drawings are recently matted together with the corresponding printed text illustration leaves from the book. Housed in a custom made black cloth portfolio with a printed paper title page label and silk ties. One drawing with an expertly repaired corner chip, but overall the ink drawings are in very good condition.
This historically important collection of ink drawings show 1. A Tibetan Rosary (p.47); 2. Lama d Gess Long with yellow hat and cloak etc. (p.48); 3. A travelling lama (p.63); 4. Illustration of an Indian legend (p.85); 5. A prayer drum partially made with human skull parts (p. 103); 6. A water-powered prayer wheel (p.104); 7. Tibetan cairn with prayer flags on mountain top (p.128). The illustrations are supplemented with the matted title page and map of the monastery from the book. The preface states that the ink drawings were created by an artist under Filchner's direction based on photographs made by Filchner. The purpose of Filchner's 1903-5 "expedition to Tibet [was] to carry out geomagnetic and topographical surveys on the high plateau. In addition to its scientific work the expedition carried out a significant intelligence-gathering role and was contemporaneous with similar missions by Francis Younghusband and others" (Howgego, 1850-1940 Polar Regions etc., F6). "Kumbum Monastery is a Buddhist monastery in present day Qinghai, China. Kumbum was founded in 1583 in a narrow valley close to the village of Lusar in the Tibetan cultural region of Amdo. Its superior monastery is Drepung Monastery, immediately to the west of Lhasa. It was ranked in importance as second only to Lhasa" (Wikipedia).


31. [ASIA - TIBET]
REUILLY, Jean, Baron de (1780-1810)
Description du Tibet, d’après la Relation des Lamas Tangoutes, établis Parmi les Mongoles. Traduit de l’Allemand [Description of Tibet, According to the Accounts of the Tangut Lamas, Established Among the Mongols. Translated from German].

Paris: Chez Bossange, Masson et Besson, 1808. First Edition. Octavo (20x13 cm). [1], xii, 89 pp. With an engraved vignette on the title page. Handsome period brown mottled full calf with gilt tooled spine. Expertly rebacked in style, with a presentation school prize label from a French school dated 1830 on the front pastedown. A fine copy.
This work is the only separate printing of Peter Simon Pallas’s description of Tibet. The original work was first published in German as a part of Pallas’s Sammlungen historischer Nachrichten über die Mongolischen Völkerschaften (1776); and wasn’t included into later French editions. In this description of Tibet by Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811), translated by Baron Jean de Reuilly (1780-1810), Pp. 1-54 are devoted to the description of Tibet according to accounts of Tibetan Lamas established among the Mongols; the second part of the work is dedicated to a report of the celebrations and ceremonies during the period from 22 June until 12 July 1729, in the small village Ourga, to celebrate the rebirth of Koutoukhta, one of the most distinguished priests of Mongolia. Reuilly's introduction notes Pallas travelled "some years in Tibet and Kashmir, and English possessions in India" and confirms that this portion of Pallas's travels through the Russian Empire was not included in the French edition of Pallas's work. This separate printing is extensively annotated with Reuilly's comments on Tibet, including the missions of Bogle and Stewart, Georgi, and Andrade's account of 1795 on Bogle, Turner and Pourunguir, and on Tibet-Britain-China relations, and his own observations along with those of other writers on Tibet. He further discusses the route of the Anadyr River and Mongolia-Tibet relations. Cordier, Sinica, 2879; Lust 207; Yakushi R93.


CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of Saigon and Environs].

1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; six larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with cloth sides. Watercolours mounted laid paper leaves. Album overall in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.


BORNAS, Aug[ust?]
[Album of Ten Original Pen and Wash Sketches of Military Fortifications, Villages and Mountainous Views of Tonkin (North Vietnam) Taken by a Participant of the French Military Campaign on Pacification of Tonkin (1886-1896)].

Ca. 1891. Oblong Quarto (ca. 21x29 cm). 12 leaves. With ten sketches in pen and wash on beige paper each ca. 13x21 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¼ in) and mounted on album leaves. All but one captioned in ink in the lower margins of the sketches, five signed “Aug. Bournas” in the lower corners (three additionally dated February or December 1891), one signed “Diesenhosen”(?) in the right lower corner Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with maroon cloth boards, Several drawings with very minor corner creases, but overall a very good album of sketches.
Interesting album of original drawings made by a participant of the French Pacification of Tonkin (1886-1896) - one Aug[ust?] Bornas who served in the column of Commandant Fournier (XI Legion) during the 1891 campaign. Tonkin (in the north-east of modern Vietnam) became a part of French Indochina in 1887, but it took French authorities almost ten years to completely subdue the region, especially its northern mountainous areas. These skillful sketches document the steady and painful advance of French troops into the hilly interior of rebellious Tonkin, showing small villages and French posts, barricades destroyed during the advance, mountains and valleys, streams et al. The drawings include:
1. A view of the bridge across the Tra Linh River dated February 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
2. A view of the barricade (made of bamboo) at Lung Giao, destroyed by the column of Commandant Fournier on 27 March 1891.
3. A view of the barricade (made of bricks and bamboo) at Lung Kett, which closes the entrance to Thien Sang (view taken from inside), the barricade was destroyed by the column of Commandant Fournier on 3 April 1891.
4. A view of the Lung-Phai village with three watch towers, dated December 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
5. A view of Dong Khe fort, facing west, with French tricolor waving above. Dated December 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
6. A view of the French post in the town of Ngan Son (Bắc Kạn Province, Northeastern Vietnam), with French tricolor waving above.
7. A view of the market in Tan Bon (on the route from Nam-Nang to Dong Khe, Northeastern Vietnam).
8. Camp in Nai Phung and the Pac Giai valley.
9. A view of the Lung Che circue taken from above, signed “Diesenhosen” (?).
10. Untitled drawing portraying French officers taking rest on a river bank (two are talking, one is cooking on a camp stove), with two Vietnamese boats landed on shore nearby.
“The Pacification of Tonkin (1886-96) was a slow and ultimately successful military and political campaign undertaken by the French Empire in the northern portion of Tonkin (modern-day north Vietnam) to re-establish order in the wake of the Sino-French War (August 1884 – April 1885), to entrench a French protectorate in Tonkin, and to suppress Vietnamese opposition to French rule” (Wikipedia).


WAY, Richard Quarterman (1819-1895); MITSUKURI, Genpo (1799-1863)
[Japanese Woodblock Printed Book, Titled:] Chikyu Setsuryaku [An Account of the World].

Tokyo: Rokokan Zoshi, ca. Meiji 4 [1871]. Complete in three volumes. Small quarto (ca. 25x16,5 cm). Second edition, a slightly later impression. [1, 42], [34], [41] thin two-ply leaves; with a period reprint of the title page of the first edition (dated 1856), seven folding woodcut maps, five single-page woodblock illustrations (including two on both sides of a folding leaf), and over forty woodcuts in text. Text (in Japanized Chinese) and illustrations within double borders (ca. 18x13 cm), main text ten vertical lines. Each part in original yellow Japanese fukuro toji bindings with leaves sewn together with a string and paper title labels on the front covers (vol. 1 missing the title label), additional printed text on the bottom edges of each volume. All volumes housed in a period style blue chitsu case. Covers slightly soiled and rubbed, corners slightly bent, occasional worm holes on the leaves neatly repaired, but overall a very good set.
Important Japanese translation of “Di qiu shuo lüe”, a well-know overview of the world’s geography written for the Chinese readers by Richard Quarterman Way, an American missionary in Ningbo and Shanghai. The Chinese edition was first published in Ningbo in 1856, being printed with movable type, and four years later it was published in Japan as a fully engraved edition, with some pronunciation symbols and grammatical marks added by the editor Mitsukuri Genpo. A doctor and noted Japanese scholar of Western learning, Mitsukuri Genpo worked at the Bansho Shirabesho (“Institute for the Study of Barbarian Books”), the Shogunate’s centre for Western studies which became one of the founding organizations which merged to form Tokyo University in 1877. Mitsukuri edited the original text, omitting the notes and passages of Christianity which was under persecution in the Shogunate until 1871.
The first volume includes a period reprint of the original title of the Ningbo edition and is dedicated to Asia, the second volume described Europe, and the third volume - Africa and both Americas. The woodcut illustrations focus on costumes and fauna of the described continents, with the exception of North America where steamships and railways feature prominently. The folding maps depict the Eastern hemisphere, Western hemisphere, Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, and South America. The date of this edition has been ascertained on the basis of the advertising of new books by Rokokan Zoshi, the “Chikyu Setsuryaku’s” publisher, printed on the last leaf of the third volume (the advertised books were published in 1871). “Chikyu Setsuryaku” “was widely used as a textbook in the early Meiji period” (Islam in the Eyes of the West/ Ed. By T. Ismael, A. Rippin. New York, 2010. p. 127). Not in Kerlen.


35. [ASIA]
PINTO, Fernão Mendes (ca. 1509-1583)
The Voyages and Adventures of Ferdinand Mendez Pinto... During his Travels for the Space of one and Twenty Years in the Kingdoms of Ethiopia, China, Tartaria, Cauchin-china, Calaminham, Siam, Pegu, Japan, and a Great Part of the East-Indies..,

London: J. Macock, for Henry Herringhman, 1663. Second English Edition. Small Folio (ca. 30x20 cm). [xiv], 326 pp. Period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf with brown gilt tooled title label. Recased and with some restoration of lower corner of front cover, title with small piece of blank upper margin of title page repaired, rear paste-down and final blank with some minor worming, but overall a very good copy in original condition.
Pinto a Portuguese explorer whose "exploits are known through the posthumous publication of his memoir Pilgrimage (Portuguese: Peregrinação) in 1614. In the course of his travels in the Middle and Far East, Pinto visited Ethiopia, the Arabian Sea, China (where he claimed to have been a forced laborer on the Great Wall), India and Japan. He claimed to have been among the first group of Europeans to visit Japan and initiate the Nanban trade period. He also claimed to have introduced the gun there in 1543. It is known that he funded the first Christian church in Japan, after befriending a Catholic missionary and founding member of the Society of Jesus later known as St Francis Xavier" (Wikipedia). Upon returning to Portugal, Pinto wrote "his famous Peregrinacao, now regarded as one of the finest travel books of all time" (Howgego P99). "It is, moreover, a classic record of the experiences and observations of one of the earliest Europeans to penetrate into the interior of oriental countries, which, in that era, were practically unknown. He was the first European to enter Japan (in 1542), seven years before Saint Francis Xavier, the Apostle of the Indies" (Cox I, p. 324); "No work about Asia had greater impact on 17th century European literature than Pinto's account of his adventures in the East" (cf. Löwendahl 71, Second Spanish Edition). "This work first published in Lisbon in 1614, recounts the journey of Fernando Mendes Pinto, the Portuguese adventurer, trader, envoy, pirate, missionary and mercenary, who set out in 1537 in a fleet commanded by Vasco da Gama's son, to seek his fortune. His twenty-one year odyssey carried him through many adventures: he was thirteen times a captive and sold into slavery seventeen times; he survived shipwrecks, and travelled, fought and traded in China, Tibet, Tartary, Pegu, India, Thailand, Ethiopia, Ormuz and points in between. He reached Japan in 1542 and claims to have been in the first party of Europeans to land there. This is probably the first book in European literature to tell of pirate battles on the seas of the Orient, to describe the wild beasts of the equatorial forests of Asia and to portray the Dalai Lama" (Sothebys); Cordier Japonica 40; Cordier Indosinica 113; Cordier Sinica 2069; Lust 346 (English first edition); Wing M1706.



[Album with Over 340 Gelatin Silver Snapshots and Albumen Studio Photographs, Compiled After a Voyage on the Bibby Line to Burma and India in 1902-1903 with a Stop in Sri Lanka, Showing Local People, Buildings and Views of the Suez Canal, Colombo, Kandy, Yangon, Mumbai, Madras and Kolkata].

1902-1903. Oblong Small Folio ca. 25x32 cm (10 x 12 ½ in) with 342 photographs, including 10 large photographs each ca. 22x27,5 cm (8 ½ x 11 in), all but two are albumen prints signed by studio in negative “Peridis & Georgiladakis,” and one is signed “Harington & Norman,” 10 panoramas each ca. 5x17 cm (2x6 ¾ in.), 16 photographs between ca. 10,5x15 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in) and ca. 16x23,5 cm (6 ¼ x 9 ¼ in) and the rest are snapshots, each ca. 8x10 cm (3x4 in) and slightly smaller. The vast majority are captioned in period manuscript ink or pencil on the leaves, or in negative by the studio and all but thirteen photographs are mounted on recto and verso of thirty-six beige stiff card album leaves. Additionally including a brief itinerary of the voyage in period manuscript blue ink on front endpaper. Period gilt tooled black half sheep with black pebbled cloth boards. Mild wear at album extremities and spine, mild foxing on some leaves and photographs, some photographs partially detached, but overall a very good album with strong, sharp photographs.
This album of over 340 photographs was compiled by Mary E. Carver after her voyage to Asia aboard the S.S. Warwickshire and the S.S. Shropshire, both steamships on the Bibby Line, and shows the people, buildings and views along the way, including sights in Sri Lanka, Burma and India. There are several photographs taken onboard the ships, showing the group of travelers and views from the deck. Additionally, a few photographs taken during a stop in Sri Lanka show the buildings, local people and shore of Colombo, and the Temple of Tooth in Kandy. A large portion of the album features sights in Rangoon [Yangon], Burma, including the wharf, native merchants in the street, Cantonment Gardens, the Gymkhana Club, and a “sacred lake.” Several of these photographs show the group travelling across the Bago river to have a picnic at the Syriam Pagoda, including the native people pushing the boats onto the shore as the travelers sit inside. There are also several views of Pagoda Hill on the way to the Shwedagon Pagoda and interesting snapshots showing the Pagoda under construction as a crowd of people stand and watch. Shwedagon Pagoda is considered the most sacred Buddhist pagoda in Myanmar, as it is believed to contain relics of the four previous Buddhas of the present kalpa (Wikipedia). Another large portion of the album shows places in India, including the streets and Great Western Hotel in Mumbai, government buildings and the Bank of Bengal in Madras, the banks of the Hooghly and native people bathing in the river, as well as the courts of Justice, cathedral, and Old Court Street in Kolkatta. There are also snapshots and larger studio photographs showing the passage through the Suez Canal, and some photographs showing the streets of Port Said. One of the studio photographs is a large portrait of a Sudanese soldier, signed “Peridis.” Overall, a very good album with strong, sharp photographs of people, buildings and views in Burma, India and Sri Lanka taken by an early passenger of the Bibby Line steamships.
The Bibby Line was founded in 1807 by the first John Bibby (1775–1840). It has operated in most areas of shipping throughout its 200-year history, and claims to be the oldest independently owned deep sea shipping line in the world (Wikipedia). “In 1893 Bibby Line was placed on the ‘Government Approved’ list. This gave the incentive to develop passenger accommodation on board the vessels” (Bibby Line Limited). “Active from the 1860s to the 1890s, the Zangakis brothers were commercial photographers based in Egypt. The images these men created were not limited to Egypt alone but also included photographic work in Algiers and Palestine. The Zangakis brothers principally catered to the growing Western tourist market in the Near East.” (The National Herald).


37. [ASIA - CHINA]
[Album of Seventy-Five Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Beijing and Environs Taken by a German Officer during the First Years of the Republic of China].

Ca. 1912-1914. Oblong Folio (27x35,5 cm). 24 stiff card leaves. With 75 mounted original gelatin silver photographs, including 19 large photos ca. 16,5x22,5 cm (6 ½ x 8 ¾ in), four panoramas ca. 8x22 cm (3 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) or slightly smaller, the rest are from ca. 12x16 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in) to ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in). The majority of photos with manuscript ink captions in German on the mounts, first three photos with additional later pencil captions in Russian. Period brown quarter sheep album with decorative Chinese silk boards, later rebacked in faux leather; decorative endpapers, all edges gilt. Binding slightly rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, several images with different degrees of silvering, but overall a very good album with interesting strong images.
Important collection of high quality original photos of mostly Beijing and environs, taken by a German officer right after the Xinhai Revolution and showing the first years of the young Republic of China. Very interesting are two photos taken during the revolution events in Beijing: a panorama showing a “Fire in Peking on 29 February 1912” as a result of the Peking Mutiny which happened the same day, and a photo of German guards standing on watch next to their cannons in the Western diplomatic quarter in Beijing (the American flag is waving above the US embassy in the background).
There are also over a dozen photos of German military officers and soldiers, including two large images of an artillery unit; several photos from a German military camp in Huangtsun ten miles south of Beijing (group portrait of officers and soldiers with a waving German flag, artillery observation point, a detachment with machine guns, bringing a howitser in position); a view of the “German officers’ casino”; two group portraits of German commanding officers taken on January 27th 1913 and 1914 – the birthday of Kaiser Wilhelm II (the earlier photo has the names of the officers captioned in pencil underneath), and four pictures from the military review during the visit of Elmershaus von Haxthausen (1858-1914), German minister to China in 1911-14 (two photos also have pencil captions identifying the depicted officials).
The photos of Beijing include several views of the Forbidden City (a procession with a palanquin leaving the Tiananmen Gate, general public at the Meridian Gate, general views, and others), Yellow Temple, the Temple of Heaven, Hatamonn Gate (Chongwenmen) and a view from the Hatamonn bridge (showing a part of the European diplomatic quarter and a sports field), “Deutsches Tor”, Hall of Classics (Beijing Guozijian), five photos of the Beijing Ancient Observatory (with close-up views of the astronomical instruments), Coal Hill in the modern-day Jingshan Park just north of the Forbidden City, the Temple of Earth, a series of six images of the Summer Palace and nearby Kunming Lake, the Grand Canal in the Tongzhou district, Marco Polo (Lugou) Bridge (southwestern Beijing). There are also two photos of the Ketteler Gate and Cross in Beijing: both were erected after German ambassador in China Clemens von Ketteler had been killed during the Boxer Rebellion. The Gate was erected in 1903 on the site of his murder in the Dongdan neighbourhood and was relocated and renamed in 1918.
A dozen images depict the “Taji-tai-tze” temple and mountain (Guoquing Temple on Mount Tiantai?), with general views taken from above, photos of the priests’ graves, “the tree of life,” the entrance gate, the interior of the inner temple et al. Other photos include two views of the “Nankau Pass” (Juyong Pass) over the Great Wall of China, with one image showing a group of German officers standing on the Wall; three views of the Ming Tombs (the stone archway, the entrance to the Sacred Road, and German soldiers posing in front of the Changling Tomb), and others. The album closes with a portrait of a young German officer mounted on a horse, apparently, the album’s compiler. Overall an historically important well-preserved photo collection illustrating German involvement during the first years of the Republic of China.


[Album with Forty-Four Large Rare Albumen Photographs of Tea Gardens, British Planters, Native People and Historical Sites of Assam; With Six Large Studio Photos of Ceylon and Two Photos of New Zealand].

Ca. 1890. Folio, ca. 30,5x38 cm (12x15 in). 25 thick card stock leaves. With 52 large original mounted albumen photographs, from ca. 20,5x26,5 cm (8 x 10 ½ in) to ca. 14,5x20 cm (5 ¾ x 7 ½ in); about a dozen photographs captioned and/or signed by the studio in negative. Period brown full sheep with elaborate blind and gilt stamped ornaments on the boards, neatly rebacked in style; decorative endpapers, all edges gilt, remnants of a metal clasp designed to fasten the boards. Several photos mildly faded, otherwise a very good album of strong interesting images.
Beautiful album with forty-four rare and well preserved 19th-century studio photos of tea gardens, British managers and residents, and native people from around Sibsagar (Sivasagar, Assam). Although none of the photos bear the full name of the photographer, nine of them are captioned or signed “O.M.” (or “C.M.”?) in negative. Several identical photos from the National Anthropological Archives of the Smithsonian Institution were attributed to the famous Indian studio of Bourne & Shepherd (est. 1863) (e.g.: http://collections.si.edu/search/detail/edanmdm:siris_arc_57181?q=assam+tea&record=12&hlterm=assam%2Btea&inline=true).
Jayeeta Sharma, the author of “Empire’s Garden: Assam and the Making of India,” suggests that “hitherto unpublished” photos of Assam tea gardens from the collection of the Smithsonian Institution were taken by Colin Murray “who was the firm’s head photographer from 1870 and eventually took control in 1884 when the founders retired and left India,” also noting that “in contrast to some other regions of British India, photographic images of nineteenth-century and early-twentieth-century Assam are difficult to find, except for privately held prints which can seldom be effectively reproduced” (Illustration Acknowledgements/ Sharma, J. Empire’s Garden: Assam and the Making of India. Duke University Press, 2001, p. [xiv]).
Our collection includes vivid views of numerous bungalows of British planters or managers – including photos of the bungalow in Mohanbari, tennis grounds adjacent to a bungalow with a British man posing with a lawn mower, technical buildings where collected tea leaves were processed (one photo shows boxes of tea being loaded onto a bullock cart), interior of the living room and the verandah of the “Koleapanee Bungalow” (the latter featuring a family of the owners sitting in armchairs); general views of the tea gardens with bungalows, fields of tea bushes, rolling hills or areas cleared for new gardens etc. The album houses eleven interesting group portraits of British in Assam - planters, residents or military men stationed in Sivasagar; with one group posing in front of the stone carvings of the Sivadol Temple, others shown with tennis rackets, mounted on horses during a game at “Nazira polo club,” dressed in full uniform (“Sibsagor Mounted Infantry,” the regiment was formed in 1884 as “Sibsagar Mounted Rifles” and was known under the name of “Sibsagar Mounted Infantry” in 1886-1889), etc. Other interesting photos show a group of native hill people of Assam, barracks of native workers, or “coolie lines,” a picture of native people and British planters at a river bank (most likely, Dikhow River near the town of Nazira, where several other pictures were taken), and a portrait of a “Mech woman weaving.” Four photos show temples and monuments of Sivasagar dating back to the time when the city was the capital of the Ahom Kingdom, including famous Sivadol or Shiva Temple (the highest temple in India with the height of about 32 m), Sivasagar tank (artificial lake), and Rang Ghar royal entertainment pavilion (shown in a state of neglect, with trees growing on its roof). The album also includes six large photographs of Ceylon (Sri Lanka), with two signed by a local studio “Colombo Apothecaries Company” (1880s - ca. 1920s); the photos showing native fishermen, “merchant women,” families, bullock carts and their drivers, two rickshaw carts carrying British gentlemen et al. There are two albumen photographs of New Zealand, including one signed by the Dunedin studio of Burton brothers (1866-1914). Overall an extensive collection of rare historically significant photographs depicting British tea gardens in Assam in the late 19th century.


[Album of 109 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of India & Burma, With Including a Series of Sixteen Images Showing Working Elephants].

Ca. 1910s. Oblong Quarto (ca. 19,5x28 cm). 24 light brown album leaves. With 99 original gelatin silver snapshot photographs (all but one mounted on the leaves, one loosely inserted at rear), from ca. 10,5x14,5 cm (4 x 5 ¾ in) to ca. 5x7,5 cm (2x3 in), and ten studio photos from ca. 15x20,5 cm (5 ¾ x 8 in) to ca. 8,5x13 cm (3 ¼ x 5 in). Most images with manuscript captions in black ink on mounts or in pencil on versos. Original brown card wrappers with printed title "Photographs" on the front cover. Covers with some minor edge wear, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
Attractive album with some unusual snapshot photos of India and Burma (Myanmar). The interesting images include six views of Lahore (Fort, Regency Gate, Shalimar Gardens, Jahanghir's Mosque), over a dozen views of managers' bungalows and technical buildings of British indigo and wheat plantations in the state of Bihar (Dholi, Bettiah, Birowlie, and Bowarrah), a view of British cottages in Dehra Dun; about fifteen photos of Dalhousie (mountain views taken from the Stiffles Hotel, and the hotel itself, city panorama taken from above, the Club, the bazaar, Panchpula waterfall, a palanquin and horse carts on the Dunera Road) etc. Other views of India show the iconic sites of Agra (Taj Mahal, Tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah Akbar’s Tomb), and Lucknow (Residency). Thirty-six interesting snapshots taken in Burma include a group of 16 excellent images showing working elephants (moving tree trunks from a forest to a river, with group portraits of elephants and their mahouts), views of the Goteik trestle bridge (opened in 1900), Hsinbyume or “Wedding Cake” Pagoda in Mingun, Irrawaddy River, with two photos of “Minthamee” and “Taping” river steamers, temples in the Pyaungshu Forest, a temple bell in Sagaing, river bank in Magway, and a street in Mandalay. A large photo loosely inserted at rear shows British residents on the balcony of their countryside house in Pakokku, with the native servants posing in the foreground. The larger studio photos show Delhi (Jama Masjid with a busy street in the foreground, Delhi Fort, Golden Mosque in Chandni Chowk, Kutab Minar), the Taj Mahal, and the Residency in Lucknow. Overall an interesting album with unusual original photos of colonial India and Myanmar.


40. [ASIA - INDIA]
[STAUBACH, Charles Peter] (1871-1966)
[Two Albums with over 235 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs, over 45 Real Photo and Printed Postcards, and Two Chromolithographs, Showing Important Sites, Street Scenes, Locals and Tourists in India - Agra, Mumbai, Elephanta Island, Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi, Jaipur, Fatehpur Sikri, Darjeeling, Madras and Madurai.]

10-24 February 1930. Two Quarto loose-leaf albums, each ca. 29x24 cm (11 ½ x 9 ½ in) with over ca. 235 original gelatin silver photographs including ca. 60 professional photographs signed “Resolute World Cruise,” each ca. 9,5x12 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ¾ in), and ca. 170 original snapshots from ca. 6x5,5 cm (2 ¼ x 2 ¼ in) to ca. 10x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). Also included are ca. 20 real photo postcards and ca. 25 printed photo postcards, each ca. 8x13 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ¼ in), two chromolithographs each ca. 17,5x14,5 cm (6 ¾ x 5 ½ in), two cartes-de-visite, each ca. 4x7 cm (1 ½ x 2 ¾ in), and 11 printed photographs ca. 14,5x20 cm (5 ¾ x 7 ¾ in) and smaller. Images mounted on 74 stiff black card stock leaves, all captioned and/or numbered in negative or in period white manuscript ink on the mounts. With fifteen mounted paper leaves with printed itinerary, passenger list and destination descriptions (passenger list features General Milton J. Foreman, hero of the Spanish American War and WWI, and one of the organizers of the American Legion). Two black full cloth binders with period manuscript titles “India I” and “India II” in white ink on the front covers and spines. Some leaves detached from the binders, but overall very good albums with strong sharp images.
Interesting, content rich collection of original snapshots, studio photographs, real photo and printed postcards, and several pieces of ephemera documenting a travel to India by an American businessman and bicycle enthusiast Charles P. Staubach and his wife Edith in February 1930. The two-week travel to India became a side trip during their voyage around the world on board the Hamburg-American Line S.S. “Resolute,” and took them from Bombay (Mumbai) to an excursion to the Elephanta Island, and then by train to Jaipur, Agra, New Delhi, Benares (Varanasi), Calcutta (Kolkata), and Darjeeling. After that the party returned to Calcutta and proceeded by train across the subcontinent to Madras (Chennai), and from thence – to Tanjore (Thanjavur), Trichonopoly (Tiruchirappalli), Madura (Madurai) and Dhanushkodi, where they embarked for Ceylon in the evening of February 23, 1930.
The album houses over 20 photographs of Bombay, including views of the city, a British Government building, Theatre Street, the Bombay Museum, a burning ghat, and several views of the Elephanta Island showing the caves, a ferry to the island and a traveller carried on a sedan chair. There are over 45 photographs, post cards and printed images of Agra, including numerous views of the interior and exterior of the Taj Mahal, the Agra Fort and the Pearl Mosque. Over 45 photographs and photo postcards show sites around Delhi, with Muslim devotees gathered at Jumma Masjid, Delhi Fort, the Pearl Mosque, and Old Delhi (including Quwatul Mosque and Iron Pillar, tomb of Safaar Jang and Indian Parliament building). Additionally, ca. 35 photographs and photo postcards of Calcutta show views of the city, betel vendors in the street, and views of the Jain Temple. Ca. 30 photographs and photo postcards show Benares, including street scenes, local workers, people bathing in the Ganges River, Hindu cremation ceremony, and sacrifice of a goat in the temple of Kali. Over 25 photographs and postcards of Darjeeling show a public market, and local people waiting at the Ghum station. Many photos show important religious sites, including the Maharaja’s palace in Jaipur, the Bragadiswara Swamy (Brihadisvara Temple) and Srirangam Temples in Tamil Nadu, and temples at Trichinopoly and Madura, and several religious buildings in Fatehpur Sikri, including Panch Mahal and Salim Chisti, with detailed views of exterior and interior and notes about architectural and historical information. Original snapshots include interesting views taken at railway stations, street scenes “on the road Jaipur to Amber,” portraits of the travelers “mounting Amber elephants” and sitting at the top of the Tiger Hill, “snapshots along the Calcutta-Bombay Railway” et al. Several photos show the travellers posing for group photos with the family of Mr. Thambu-Swamy in Madras, likely one of their hosts. Additionally, there are two German chromolithographs depicting the Taj Mahal, Agra and the Burning Ghat in Vanarasi. Overall, a nice collection of well-selected studio photos and lively snapshots showing main sites of India in the 1930s.
Charles Peter Staubach was born in the family of Baldwin Staubach (1840-1926), an emigrant from the Grand Duchy of Hessen, who owned an iron foundry and a machine shop in New York City. C.P. Staubach worked as a sport columnist for New York Herald, New York Sunday Times, and New York Evening Telegram; was an associate of several tobacco companies, including “American Tobacco Company,” and for many years was an office manager of the Burroughs Adding Machine Corporation. He was Captain in the New York National Guard and served in the Spanish-American War; was a member and former secretary of the Hartford Rotary Club and the past president of the Rotary Club of Newark; a member New York's Historical Society; the Mark Twain Memorial Society and Trinity Episcopal Church in Hartford. In the 1890s he became a bicycle enthusiast, and a captain of Manhattan Bicycle Club, later he organized the Century Road Club Association, becoming its first president, and life member # 1. He took part in many notable races, including the famous Irvington-Millburn Annual 25 Mile Handicap Races in New Jersey, the 1892 one hundred mile race from Philadelphia to Newark, and New York Evening Telegram bicycle parade on the upper Broadway in 1896. He was nominated to the American Bicycle Hall of Fame in 1965. He had four children with his wife Edith Arnold (1871-1945) whom he married in 1897 (see more about the Staubach family: http://celiafreese.com/staubach.html).


41. [ASIA - INDIA]
[Album with Seventy-Five Original Gelatin Silver Studio Photographs Presented by Indian Revolutionary Chempakaraman Pillai to a German Industrialist Dr. Otto Vollbehr in Summer 1918, with the Views of Benares, Calcutta, Bombay, Delhi, Agra, Darjeeling, Ahmedabad, Jeypore, Lucknow, and others, and Portraits of Indian People from Different Castes and Ethnic Groups - Parsis, Marathas, Brahmins, Nautch Girls, Bhils, Marwaris, Banias et al.]

Ca. 1900-1910s. Octavo, ca. 24x17 cm (9 ½ x 7 in). With 75 original albumen photographs, each ca. 6,5x9 cm (2 ½ x 3 ½ in), mounted recto and verso of 20 gray stiff card leaves, all captioned in period red typescript on slips pasted under each photograph and/or in negative on the image; all numbered in period manuscript green pencil on the slips. First leaf with a mounted business card “Chempakaraman Pillai, Präsident des Internationalen Komitee Pro India” with a period manuscript note: “to Dr. Otto Vollbehr – Kiel Berlin, May-June 1918” ca. 6,5x10,5 cm (2 ½ x 4 in). Period blue pebbled half cloth album with brown marbled papered boards. Album slightly rubbed on extremities and weak on hinges, a few images slightly faded, but overall a very good album.
An attractive photo collection of views of India including photos of iconic sites and main cities of India, as well as portraits of the members of the subcontinent’s numerous ethnic and religious groups which was presented by Chempakaraman Pillai (1891-1934), a leader of the Indian nationalist movement in Europe, to Dr. Otto Vollbehr (1872-1945), influential German industrial chemist and famous book collector. Pillai’s carte-de-visite with his title as the “Präsident des Internationalen Komitee Pro India” is mounted on the first leaf of the album, additionally inscribed at the time “Kiel - Berlin, May-June 1918.” Pillai studied languages, engineering and economics in Italy, Switzerland and Germany, and after the beginning of WW1 worked for the German Foreign Office. An avid opponent of British rule in India, he sought the support of Germany and in 1914 founded the International Pro-India Committee in Zurich, which was merged with a similar movement from Berlin in 1915 under the name of the Indian Independence Committee, with the goal to coordinate anti-British Indian revolutionary activities across Europe. In 1915-1919 Pillai was the foreign minister of the Provisional Government of India which was established with the German help in Kabul and eventually forced out by the British troops. After WW1 Pillai joined the National Socialist Party in Germany and became acquainted with Kaiser Wilhelm, Generals Ludendorff and Hindenburg, and Adolf Hitler; in his later years he was one of the few Indians residing in Germany. This album was presented by Pillai to Otto Vollbehr in 1918, likely in hopes of obtaining financial support for the pro-India cause. Dr. Otto Vollbehr was a wealthy industrial chemist, an early supporter of the National Socialist Party, and an important book collector. In 1930 he sold his collection of incunabula – including a Gutenberg Bible, to the Library of Congress for $1,5 million.
The album shows lively street and market scenes, such as nine views of Bombay including Kalbadevi Road and Sheik Memon Street, fruit and vegetable market at Darjeeling, and the Tanhari Bazaar in Jeypore. There are also numerous photographs of monuments and important buildings, including ten views of Benares [Vanarasi] showing “The Great Mosque of Arungzebe and adjoining Ghats,” eight views of Calcutta [Kolkata] including the Bengal Secretariat, a Burmese Pagoda and the Great Eastern Hotel, six photographs of Ahmedabad including Hatising’s Temple and Shah A’Lum’s Marble Mausoleum, Taj Mahal in Agra, Kutub Minar in Delhi and Hooseinabad in Lucknow, and others. Interesting portraits of people of different ethnic groups, castes and religions show Hindu Nautch girls, Parsis, Marathas, Brahmins from the Priest and Parboo Castes, Bhils, Marwaris, Banias et al. Some of the photos are captioned in negative, but not signed; several were printed as postcards by an Indian studio of G.B.V. Ghoni in the 1910s.


[Album with 190 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of a Voyage to Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, Showing Local People, Villages and Temples, Notably the Bodobodur Temple Complex (UNESCO World Heritage Site)].

1934-1935. Oblong Folio, ca. 26,5x36,5 cm (10 ½ x 14 ¼ in). 23 black stiff card album leaves. With 190 mounted original gelatin silver photographs, including one panorama ca. 13x30,5 cm (5x12 in), 22 photographs each ca. 8,5x14 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ½ in) and slightly larger, the rest each ca. 6x8,5 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. All photos with period captions in French related either to individual images or to groups of images; manuscript label “Voyage 1934-1935 Album I” pasted on the inner side of the front cover. Period Chinese decorative cloth covers, spine is fastened with a decorative string. Very good album with strong sharp photographs.
Extensive collection of lively snapshots documenting the travels of a young French couple (“Bobby” and “Manette”) around South-East Asia; the voyage onboard the Dutch ocean liner “Baloeran” took them via Suez Canal and Colombo to the Sabang Island, Sumatra and Java, and thence to Singapore and Malaysia. The album opens with twenty photos of the couple and their travel companions on board the “Baloeran,” and several views of Port Said and Colombo taken on the way. Nine photos show different views of the coast and a small port on the Sabang Island; over twenty images depict Sumatra: a rubber plantation (with the administrator’s mansion, and a small bridge), Berastagi (golf course, monument on the Equator, rice fields), Sibolga, volcanic Lake Toba, town of Parapat, and the quay at Padang. Over sixty photos show various locations on Java. Particularly interesting are a series of excellent photos (including three real photo postcards) of Bodobodur, the largest Buddhist temple in the world, which is now a UNESCO world heritage site; views of the temples in Sari, Mendut, Kalassan, Panon and Prabalan; and three photos of the crater of the Kawah Ratu volcano. Other photos show streets and port of Batavia (Jakarta); Bogor Botanical Gardens; tea plantation and factory in Pingalangan; streets of Garut town (with lively photos of dancing children), train station in Banjar, et al. Thirty-one photos taken in Singapore show the exterior and interior of a countryside mansion of a high-ranking British administrator, portraits of the travellers with their hosts (one of them, apparently, is the owner of the mansion), in the Singapore botanic gardens, and while playing golf on the nearby Boekit Timah hill. Twenty-four views of Malaysia show a golf club in Kuala Lumpur, and Penang (the port, several ferry boats, native village on a beach, Kek Lok Si Temple, Snake Temple, and a large studio panoramic view of Penang taken from the Strawberry Hill). Overall, a nice photo collection with some unusual views and scenes from Java, Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula.


[Album of Seventy-eight Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Documenting the Travels of an English Tourist Through Sumatra, Java and Bali Including many Images of Volcanoes].

Ca. 1928. Oblong Folio (27,5x40,5 cm). Nine green stiff album leaves. With 78 original mounted gelatin silver photographs, the majority ca. 10x14,5 cm (4x6 in) and slightly smaller and one panorama ca. 7x32 cm (3x13 in). Additionally with one printed postcard. Images mounted on recto and verso of album leaves. Many images with captions in black manuscript ink. Original green cloth album, Covers with some mild wear at extremities, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
The atmospheric images in this album start with views in northern and western Sumatra including ones of Mount Sibayak and Mount Sinabung from the town of Berastagi, with views of the Sibayak crater. Several photos show the Battak villages of Kabanjahe and Ambarita with local dwellings and locals pounding paddy. Then several views of Lake Toba including a three part panorama and views of the town of Parapat; views of Lake Singkarak; Lake Maninjau; Tarutung Bazaar; The photographer? standing besides the Equator marker; Mount Singgalang and Mount Marapi from Fort de Kock (Bukittinggi); The Harau Valley with local inhabitants; Bukit Lawang with Minangkabau houses and granaries; City of Sibolga with bay; Then the photos move to Central Java and Borobudur, the 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang including a series of detailed views of the stone carved reliefs of the temple; then a series of photos of an active Mount Bromo in Eastern Java with the Sand Sea, volcanic cone and crater; Finally the album finishes in Bali with the Drum Tower, Denpasar; Royal burial shrines, Temple gate; Rock Tomb Gunung Kawi; Ancestral Shrines and fountain; Mount Batur from Kintamani; Mount Batur Eruption 1926; Mount Batur lava flow 1928; Lake Batur. Overall an interesting album of Sumatra, Java and Bali which highlights not only people and cultural places but also some of the regions volcanoes.


[Collection of Twenty-three Original Photographs Documenting the Investigation of the Wreck of the Russian Coast Guard Ship Kreiserok in the Vicinity of Cape Soya, Northwestern Hokkaido].

Ca. 1889. One photograph ca. 16,5x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in), eighteen photographs, ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and four smaller photographic portraits of the Kreiser’s crew, ca. 11x8 cm (4 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) mounted on card leaves of different sizes. The majority of photographs with pencil captions in Danish on the lower margins of the mounts. Minor foxing of the mounts and mounts a bit warped, but overall a very good collection.
This important photographic collection documents the search expedition of the Russian Navy to the northwestern Hokkaido in November 1889 - January 1890. The purpose was to investigate the fate of the shipwreck of the Russian coast guard schooner Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") which was in service on the coast of Tyuleniy Island (in the Sea of Okhotsk, 19 km to the south of Cape Patience (Mys Terpeniya), on the eastern Sakhalin coast) protecting against poachers and disappeared in a storm on the 26th of October, 1889.
The wreck of Kreiserok was discovered by Japanese on the shore next to village Wakkanai, in the vicinity of Cape Soya, the northernmost point of Hokkaido, 43 km away across the Laperouse Strait from Sakhalin Island. The Russian consulate informed the Pacific Squadron of the Russian Navy which wintered in Nagasaki, and the Squadron Commander rear admiral Vladimir Schmidt sent the investigation expedition on clipper Kreiser ("Cruiser") to ascertain whether the wreck was indeed the Kreiserok.
The expedition under the leadership of renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor Alexander von Bunge (1851-1930) included Lt. V.N. Bukharin and other Russian mariners, as well as Japanese officials and translators. The party reached the place of the wreck with great difficulties because of heavy snowfalls and strong winds. They examined what left of the schooner - a part of stern with steering wheel and the right side with both masts. Two ship’s boats, the flag and the board with the ship’s name were discovered, as well as a body of a sailor (Fedor Ivanov). None of the crew members was rescued, obviously there were no survivors. The cause of the disaster wasn’t determined, but it was assumed that the ship wrecked because of the ice formation on Kreiserok’s hull and rigging during strong storm, winds and low temperatures.
This photograph collection, assembled by the Danish member of Kreiser’s crew, Lt. C.M.T. Cold (who also captioned most of the images), includes eleven images of the Kreiserok wreck on shore with all parts of the schooner's remains clearly visible. Five images show the surrounding coast and a Japanese settlement, covered with deep snow. The majority of the pictures from the wreckage also show the expedition members, with Alexander Bunge present on five pictures, and possibly V. Bukharin and Lt. Cold present at least on six pictures; several pictures show the Japanese members, and two images are group portraits of all expedition members. Five pictures are dedicated to the clipper Kreiser including four portraits of its crew members, and a view of Kreiser in the harbour of Nagasaki, the latter was reproduced in: Krestianinov, V.I. Cruisers of the Russian Imperial Navy, 1856-1917. Part 1. SPb., 2003 (Крестьянинов, В.Я. Крейсера Российского Императорского флота, 1856-1917. Ч. I. СПб, 2003).
The monument erected in 1897 in Vladivostok in memory of Kreiserok and its crew became the first monument of Vladivostok and the first official memorial on the Pacific to Russian naval mariners who perished on duty.
Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") was a coast guard schooner of the Russian Imperial Navy. Tonnage 15 t., length 24 m., width 8 m., draught 2.13 m. Built in 1884 in Seattle, before 1886 - American schooner "Henrietta." In 1886 it was confiscated by the Russian clipper "Kreiser" for poaching in the Russian waters of the Bering Sea. In 1887 under command of lieutenant Tsvangman it carried out hydrographical survey of the Amur estuary. On the 14th of May 1888 it was renamed after the clipper "Kreiser" and became a coast guard vessel of the Tyuleniy Island (the Sea of Okhotsk). In October 1889 during its service on the island’s coast it captured American poaching schooner Rose and prepared to escort it to Vladivostok, but instead wrecked in a storm with the entire crew perishing. A cape and a bay in the Possiet Gulf (Peter the Great Gulf of the Sea of Japan) were named after it.
Alexander von Bunge was a renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor of medicine and zoologist, a son of famous botanist Alexander von Bunge (1803-1890). He participated in the expeditions to the mouth of the River Lena (1882-84), Yenisey River (1892-95), Spitsbergen (1900) et al; he headed the expedition to the New Siberian Islands (1885-86). Von Bunge’s meteorological observations were used by F. Nansen during his famous Fram expedition. An island in the Arctic Ocean (Bunge Land), a peninsula on the Russky Island (Nordenskiöld Archipelago), glaciers on Spitsbergen and Novaya Zemlya, and a mountain on Spitsbergen were named after him.


[Album of Twenty-six Original Albumen Photographs of Nikko, Japan].

Ca. 1890. Oblong Folio (28x38 cm). 26 large albumen photographs ca. 20,5x26 cm (8 x 10 ¼ in) mounted on stiff cardboard leaves. All photographs numbered and captioned in negative, 15 photographs with custom made labels with type written text. Period brown gilt lettered half morocco with cloth boards neatly rebacked and re-cornered in style with new endpapers. Overall a very good album.
The album includes early large photographs of the main sites of Nikko, a mountainous resort approximately 140 km north of Tokyo, which became especially popular among foreign visitors in the end of the 19th century. The photographs show Hatsuishi Street (numbered 1197), the Sacred Bridge (748) leading to the Futarasan Shrine, Manganji Garden (1129 and 1132), and a large group of views of the Tosho-gu Shrine. The latter includes pictures of several gate: Ishidorii (740), Yomeimon (715 and 729), Karamon (733), Niomon (716), Torii (709), Eaimitsu (427); views of Five-storied pagoda (757), Eaimitsu temple (702), tomb of Iyeyasu shogun (710, 711, 714); a sculpture of Three Wise Monkeys (1052), stone lions of Tobikoye Shishi (1145), Korean bronze lantern (358), lavish wall carvings (761), buildings of Koro (739), Futatsudo (1147), Kaguraden (1210), Mizuya (713), an alley with stone idols (807) et al.
"In 1890 first railway connection to Nikko was provided by the Japanese National Railways, which was followed by the Tobu Railway in 1929 with its Nikko Line" (Wikipedia). Nowadays Nikko is also a popular destination for Japanese and international tourists, famous for its ancient temples, tombs of great Japanese shoguns Tokugawa Ieyasu and Tokugawa Iemitsu, the Futarasan Shinto Shrine and numerous hot springs. The shrine of Nikko Tosho-gu, Futarasan Shrine, and a Buddhist temple complex Rinno-ji now form the UNESCO World Heritage Site Shrines and Temples of Nikko” (Wikipedia).


[Attractive Lacquered Album with 112 Original Photographs of Japan, China, Singapore, Samoa, and Hawaii, Including Interesting Images of Nikko Temples and Processions, Tea Houses, Villages and Hotels around Lake Hakone, Streets of Tokyo, and Nara, Panoramas of Penang and Hong Kong, Scenes of Execution in Canton, Portraits of “Maoris” and Samoans, etc., Titled]: Around the World, 1900.

20 March- 31 August 1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 32,5x41 cm). With 112 gelatin silver prints of various size mounted on 21 stiff card leaves, including 10 large images, ca. 25,5x29 cm (ca. 10 x 11 ½ in), and three large colour photos, ca. 20x26 cm (ca. 8x10 ¼ in). Manuscript ink captions on the mounts. Original lacquered Japanese album with leather spine, marbled paper endpapers, all edges gilt. Rebacked in style, boards slightly rubbed and neatly repaired on the corners, minor foxing of the endpapers, otherwise a very good album.
Interesting album with lively original views and portraits of the locals from Japan, China, Singapore, Samoa and Hawaii, taken by a British traveller during a trip around the world, in March-August 1900, and supplemented with several evocative studio photos. The album starts with seven photos of Port Said and Colombo where the compiler of the album arrived on board the P.& O. Steamer “Arcadia” (“Arab Coal Raft,” streets of Port Said and Colombo, “Singhalese boys at Mount Lavinia” etc.) and is followed by seven views of Penang and Singapore, including an attractive two-part panorama of Penang taken from R.M.S. “Chusan.” A dozen of interesting original snapshots of China include a view of the Hong Kong harbour with the building of the Club, “the Queen’s road” and monument to the Queen Victoria in Hong Kong, a view of Macao taken from “Boa Vista” hotel, three dreadful images of execution of pirates in Canton (with dismembered bodies and “the crucifix on which the prisoner is fastened for the death by a thousand bats”), views of a crowd of native boats on the Canton river, a portrait of the travelling party at the balcony of “Li Hung Chang palace” (Li Hongzhang, 1823-1901, noted Chinese politician) etc.
More than half of the album are photos of Japan (over 60 images), where the traveller stayed from May 4 to June 20, 1900. Interesting views show Yokohama harbour taken from the bedroom window of the Grand Hotel, Tokyo (Kameido shrine, street views, private house owned by an Englishman named “Milne”), Nikko and environs (about twenty photos, including three large views of a “tea house at the entrance to the Temple of Iemitsu,” a “garden at Dainichi-do,” and the Daiya River; and smaller views of the Tosho-gu Temple, “celebrated Red Lacquer Bridge”, Karamon gate, bronze Torii, “Avenue of criptomenia trees”, street views, botanical garden, Lake Chuzenji, “fish flags at the Boys Festival;” and three photos of a temple procession, with a picture of “3 gold shrines, 75 men to carry each. These are not allowed to be photographed”). There are also over a dozen interesting photos taken around Lake Hakone and nearby resort towns, showing streets of Miyanoshita, Sengaku village, Hayakawa River, servant girls from tea houses at Dogashima, Miyanishita and Fujiya Hotel; a portrait of the compiler with his guide Hirakata, at the Otome Toge pass where “one gets a magnificent view of Fujiyama,” three coloured studio photos of Lake Hakone and Mount Fuji, etc. Other images show Nagoya Castle, Nara, and Kyoto (Golden Pavilion, Katsura River, a group of geishas). The album closes with eight views of Samoa, including two studio portraits and six snapshots of “Maoris,” “Cricket at Apia,” “Samoan natives,” “Annie” etc.; and six studio photos of Hawaii, including four views of Honolulu by a local photographer Frank Davey (harbour, Main road, Royal Palms, rice field). Overall an interesting album with a large collection of high quality lively original photos (some quite large) of tourist sites and lesser-known areas of Japan.


47. [ASIA - JAPAN]
[Album of 125 Original Gelatin-Silver Photographs of Central Japan Including Nikko, Mount Nasu, Mount Asama, Kyoto, Kamakura etc., Showing Architecture, Landscapes, Temples and Local People etc.[With] Six Original Japanese Prints and two Original Watercolours].

1911. Oblong Folio (27x36 cm). 33 black album leaves. Collection of 125 gelatin silver prints, all but six mounted on recto and/or verso. Includes two photographs ca. 8,5x29 cm (3 ¼ x 11 ¼ in), seven ca. 9,5x14 cm (3 ¾ x 5 ½ in), six ca. 9x9 cm (3 ½ x 3 ½ in) and the rest 7,5x10 cm (3x4 in) or slightly smaller. Captions in period manuscript white ink on most leaves. Additionally over 10 photographs have been hand coloured. The collection also includes two studio albumen prints each ca. 21x25,5 cm (8 ¼ x 10 in) with captions in negative, six original Japanese prints ranging from ca. 6,5x9,5 cm (2 ½ x 3 ¾ in.) to ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in.), and two original watercolours ca. 6,5x20 cm (2 ½ x 7 ¾ in.). Period style black gilt tooled half morocco with black cloth covers. A couple of album leaves with some mild traces of moisture but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This album of unique private photographs compiled by (mostly likely) an English lady (several photos which show the photographer are captioned "self") shows a variety of locations in central Japan, including the topography, architecture and local scenes. Included are images of Nikko (over 20 photographs): Temple procession (6 photos); Monastery Garden (4 photos); Gangnam ga fuchi (4 photos); Japanese girls in Kimono (4 photos); Tomb of Shogun Leyasu; Nasu Dake (Mount Nasu): 20 photographs including crater, inn, Nasu village; Kyoto: 14 photographs including pagodas, Gion Shrine (Now Yasaka Shrine), Gion Procession, Teapot lane, Chionin Temple; Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture (over 10 photographs): Daibutsu (4 images); Beach (2 views); Hachiman Temple and Lotus Garden (4 images); Shrine; Trip to Mount Asama (15 images including Kawarayu, Shibukawa, Maebashi; 4 views of Asama Yama; Kusatsu); Chuzenji Lake (On the way (5 images); Lake (5 views); Lakeside hotel; 2 images of net fishing); Pack horse; 3 photographs of carts and drivers; planting rice; ploughing paddy; Yumoto Lake (2 views); Miyanoshita Onsen, Kanagawa Prefecture (Fujiya Hotel, White Japanese Cock).


48. [ASIA - JAPAN]
[KUSAKABE, Kimbei] (1841–1934)
[Collection of Forty-Four Original Albumen Photographs of Japan].

Ca. 1880. Forty-four handcoloured albumen photographs each ca. 20x26 cm (8 x 10 ½ in), most titled in negative. Photographs mounted on both sides of original card mounts. Generally good strong images but with a few mildly faded ones, a few mounts with mild foxing but overall a very good collection.
The titled images in this collection include: 8. Kago, Travelling chair; 11. Palying Samisen Tsudzumi Fuye & Taiko; 67. Home Bathing; 80. Visiting Ceremonial; 84. Freight Cart; 87. Collie Winter Dress; 94. New Year's Ceremony; 97. Farmer's House; 123. Dancing Party; 131 Sumiyoshi Dance; 167. A Fiddler and the Guiteress; 172. Hair Dressing; 195. Street Amazake Seller, a kind of drink made of fermented rice; 217. Group of Children; 175. Dogashima; 934. Tennoji Pagoda at Osaka; 129. Yomeimon Gate Nikko; 233. Nunobiki at Kobe; 484. Daibutsu Nara; 509. Shijo Bridge at Kioto; 626. Main Street Tokio; 629 Cherry bank at Koganei; 901. Hozugawa, a Rapids at Kioto; 902. Hozugawa, a Rapids at Kioto; 917. Kinkakuji Garden at Kioto; 921. Kinkakuji Garden at Kioto; 1016. Enoshima; 1018. Daidutsu Bronze Image Kamakura; 343. Tennoji Temple Osaka; 1087. Lake of Biwa from Miidera; Jinrikisha, (Carriage), Osuwa; Burial Place, Nagasaki; Entrance to Nagasaki Harbour; Nagasaki Harbour; Bund, Nagasaki; Road to Mogi, (Tagami); Takaboko, (Pappenberg), Nagasaki; Nakashima-Gawa, Nagasaki; Budhist Temple, Nagasaki & five untitled images.
“Kusakabe Kimbei was a Japanese photographer. He usually went by his given name, Kimbei, because his clientele, mostly non-Japanese-speaking foreign residents and visitors, found it easier to pronounce than his family name. Kusakabe Kimbei worked with Felice Beato and Baron Raimund von Stillfried as a photographic colourist and assistant before opening his own workshop in Yokohama in 1881 in the Benten-dōri quarter, and from 1889 operating in the Honmachi quarter. He also opened a branch in the Ginza quarter of Tokyo. Around 1885, he acquired the negatives of Felice Beato and of Stillfried, as well as those of Uchida Kuichi. Kusakabe also acquired some of Ueno Hikoma's negatives of Nagasaki. He stopped working as a photographer in 1912-1913. Most of his albums are mounted in accordion fashion” (Wikipedia).


[Album with Eighty-one Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Kashmir, Titled:] Kashmir Views. By Diwan Alim Chand, G.C.

Ca. 1895. Oblong Large Folio (ca. 33x46 cm or 13x18 in). 30 stiff card leaves. With 81 mounted gelatin silver prints, including 41 large photos 20,5x28 cm (8 x 11 in), the rest are from ca. 10,5x15,5 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in) to ca. 13,5x20 cm (5 ¼ x 8 in). All photos with printed captions on the paper labels mounted under the images. Luxurious Handsome period black full morocco album with elaborate gold tooled borders on both boards and the spine; front board with gilt lettered title and gilt tooled coat of arms of the Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir; moiré endpapers, all edges gilt. Binder’s label attached to the upper corner of the front pastedown endpaper (“Bound at the Caxton Works, Bombay”). Front cover with minor scratches, some leaves with very minor chipping, a couple of photos with mild silvering, but overall a very good album.
A beautiful album in a period custom made presentation binding with unusual and interesting views of Kashmir taken by the official photographer of the Princely State Dewan Alim Chand. The album opens with ten views of Kashmir’s capital Jammu showing the suspension bridge across the Tawi River, the Prince of Wales College, the Raghunath Temple, public library and museum, Amar Mahal Palace, the town from the Fortress of Bahu, the Maharaja’s palaces, army headquarters, arcade round the octagonal spring at Verinag, and others. There is also a group of twenty-five views of Jhelum River, Srinagar and environs, showing Sri Pratap Sindh museum, the Residency, several city panoramas taken from the river, Sher Garhi Palace, Raja Hari Singh’s villa, Shah Hamdan Mosque, the barrage below Srinagar, Takht-e-Sulaiman Mountain, Hari Parbat Hill with the Durrani Fort, water reservoir at Harwan, silk factory (with the photos of the exterior, workmen boiling cocoons, dying silk fibres, reeling in silk, and a warehouse with the twisted bundles of silk ready for dispatch), Nishat Bagh garden, Shalamar Bagh, Nasim Bagh, and others. Very interesting is a group of 12 photos taken on the route to the Hindu Amarnath Cave Temple, including several pilgrims’ camps (at Aishmuqam village, Pahalgam, Chandanwari and Panj Tarni), Lidder River valley near Pahalgam, “the mountainous track leading to the cave of Amarnath,” Sheshnag Lake, entrance to the cave, the main object of worship – the Ice Lingam inside the cave, and Hatyara Talao Lake on the way back.
Other photos show the ruins of Awanti Swami Temple in Awantipora, Achhabal village, the chinar tree at Shadipur which is believed to be the confluence of rivers Indus (Sind) and Jhelum (Vitasta), Kheer Bhawani temple erected over a sacred spring in the Tul Mul village, Lake Manasbal, Wular Lake, Jhelum River at Baramulla, hydroelectric plant in Mohra (built in 1907), six views of Gulmarg (Kashmir Residency, palace of the Maharaja, the club, the bazaar, Raja Hari Singh’s quarters, the church and Nedou Hotel, Taru mountain at Ahal Parti); several views of Gandarbal (banks of the Sindh River with the ruins of the old bridge, the new bridge, and others), images of the upper Sindh River Valley, one of the ancient Vangata Temples, Lolab Valley, local artisans’ production (wood carving, silver & copper ware, papier-mâché), and others; the album closes with a well-known Alim Chand’s photo of “the stag in solitude.”
Dewan Alim Chand had a publishing house in Jammu, the capital of Kashmir (several publications can be found in Worldcat, dating 1876-1924), and in the 1890s took a series of views of Kashmir and portraits of its royalty in the capacity of the Princely State’s official photographer. He was mentioned in the list of the attendants of the 1911 Coronation Delhi Durbar as a “State photographer” of Kashmir (Coronation Durbar, Delhi 1911. Official Directory with Maps. Calcutta, 1911. Part 2. Civil and Central Camps, p. 215). This album with specially prepared printed captions and a luxurious decorative binding was most likely produced in a small copy run and given as a present to a high-ranking state official or British colonial administrator. An album with similar description (the same photographer, topic, and number of photos) was found in the collection of the National Army Museum (Chelsea, London).


[MATSUIDAIRA, Harumitsu & Shigetoki]
[Album with Sixty-six Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Manchuria and Korea].

Ca. 1907. Oblong small Octavo ca. 15x20 cm (6x8 in). 25 thick card stock leaves (7 blank). With 66 original gelatin silver photographs, with 60 images ca. 7,5x10 cm (3x4in), five larger photos ca. 10x13,5 cm (4 x 5 ¼ in), and one smaller photo ca. 6x8,5 cm (2 ½ x 3 ½ in). Sixty photos with detailed ink captions in Japanese on the mounts, four other photos captioned in Japanese in negative. Period dark brown half sheep with cloth boards and elaborate gilt stamped ornaments on the spine; moire endpapers; paper label of a Japanese bookshop on the front pastedown endpaper. Binding slightly rubbed on extremities and weak on hinges, several images mildly faded, otherwise a very good album.
Interesting album of original photos showing Manchuria and Korea just a few years after the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) as seen by Japanese travellers. Both territories became protectorates of Japan after the war – Manchuria as a part of the Kwantung Leased Territory and the Korean Peninsula after the signing of the Japan-Korea Protectorate Treaty of 1905, so Japanese companies quickly moved into the new markets in search of opportunities. The photos were apparently taken by brothers Harumitsu & Shigetoki Matsuidaira – younger members of the influential Japanese aristocratic family, which was closely involved with the Japanese major general trading company Mitsui Bussan. The trip was undertaken to inspect the new offices of Mitsui Bussan in the major cities of the Liaodong and Korean Peninsulas.
The party left Japan on July 30th (the year is not mentioned, but most likely it was 1907), taking a ferry from Shimonoseki to Moji city (modern-day Kitakuyushi, Fukuoka), and sailed to Dairen (Dalian) on board the “Miyushino Maru” boat. From there the travellers took a train to Mukden (Shenyang), visiting Yingkou, Liaoyang, and passing by the Bushun coal mine on the way. The next city shown in the album is Antoken (Dandong) in the mouth of the Yalu River, from there the party went by railway to Pyonyang, Seoul and Jinsen (Incheon), leaving to Japan on board the “Iki Maru” boat a month later, on August 30th the same year.
The photos show ferry boats in the Moji city, nine views taken on board the “Miyushino Maru” (portraits of the Matsuidara brothers, the ship’s crew, Mr. Naosuke Mizoguchi, and three views of the Korean coast taken on the way). Manchuria is represented by photos of Dairen (Yamato hotel and harbour, Dairen primary school, and several views of the city and environs taken from the 203 Hill, with one photo showing Japanese group standing next to Russian graves with Orthodox Christian crosses); Yingkou (street, local office of the Mitsui Bussan company, scene of a Chinese wedding procession); Liaoyang (general views taken from above, railway line and adjacent streets, temples, city fortifications and “house of General Kuroshima”); Bushun coal mine taken from the train; Mukden (Mukden Palace, general panoramas taken from above, a street view etc.); Antoken (Dandong) and the Yalu River. Photos of Korea include several views of Pyonyang (train on the tracks, the old castle), four well-executed views of Seoul (general panoramas and a street view); and four views of Jinsen (the harbour and beach, street and panoramas of the city roofs). Two photos portray the members of the party at the house of Mr. Ogadaki, manager of the local branch of Mitsui Bussan. The album closes with six studio photos, showing Korean children posing on the Monument of Wongaksa in the Tapgol Park (Seoul), three views of the 203 Hill overlooking Dairen, etc. Overall an interesting rare photo album showing Japanese-controlled Manchuria and Korea in the early 20th century.


[PANOV, Ivan N.]
[Collection of Thirty-Three Original Photographs of the Early Years of Soviet Kyrgyzstan, Showing First Steamers on Lake Issyk-Kul, Koisara and Jeti-Ögüz Resorts, Monument to Nikolay Przhevalsky at the Shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, and Over a Dozen Portraits of Kirghiz People Taken Near Przhevalsk (modern Karakol)].

Ca. 1929. Thirty-three loose gelatin silver prints from ca. 12,5x18 cm (5x7 in) to ca. 11,5x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ¼ in). One photo with a period pencil inscription in Russian on verso. Overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of early original photographs of views and scenes of Soviet Kyrgyzstan taken by talented Tashkent photographer Ivan Panov; many of his photos were printed as postcards by the State Art Publishing House (Izogiz) in the 1930s. Our collection shows the area near Przhevalsk (now Karakol) at the eastern tip of Lake Issyk-Kul and contains ten interesting photos of the first Soviet steamers on the lake. The construction of the “highest fleet in USSR” (1600 m above the sea level) started in 1925 at Jergalchak near Przhevalsk; our images include a general panorama of a bay of Issyk-Kul with the steamers in it, a view of several steamers at the wharf with the snow-capped mountains at distance, a scene of unloading logs on shore, and a series of four images depicting a steamer leaving the shore with the crowd of people watching it. Six photos depict Soviet camp type resort at Koisara (southern shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, 15 km away from Przhevalsk), showing a general panorama of the resort with the canteen and the yurts of the resort guests, close views of the yurts, the interior of the canteen, the resort guests at the canteen et al. There are also views of the monument to Nikolay Przhevalsky at the shore of Lake Issyk-Kul (about 9 km north of Przhevalsk), and of the famous Rock of Seven Bulls at the Jeti-Ögüz balneotherapic resort (southern shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, about 28 km west of Przhevalsk).
Over a dozen photos portray Kirghiz families and groups near Przhevalsk, shown next to their yurts, mounted on horses; women weaving a carpet; men with donkeys laden with firewood; a group of men mounted on horses on a street, women in beautiful native costumes, children, et al. Overall a historically significant visual archive of the early Soviet years in the region around Lake Issyk-Kul.
Ivan Panov actively worked for the State Art Publishing House (Izogiz), taking views of Central Asian cities and landscapes, as well as portraits of local people. Many of them were printed as postcards by the Izogiz in the 1930s (he is known for his views of Tashkent, Lake Issyk-Kul, Chelyabinsk, Moscow, Black Sea resorts and others).


[Album of Ninety-Eight Real Photo Postcards, showing the Philippines (84), Chinese Execution (11), Great Wall of China and Portraits of American Aviator Charles Lindbergh and Leonard Wood - Governor General of the Philippines in 1921-1927].

Ca. 1920s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 19x28 cm). 24 thick stock album leaves. With 98 mounted original real photo postcards, each ca. 8x13 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ¼ in), the majority captioned and numbered in negative (in English). Original maroon faux leather cloth album fastened with a string, gilt lettered title “Album” on the front board. Album slightly rubbed on extremities, but overall a very good album with strong sharp images.
Interesting collection of real photo postcards depicting the Philippines in the 1920s, then a territory of the United States. The Interesting images show Manila (old legislative building, Chinese cemetery, Aquarium, Manila Hotel, Fort Santiago, Church of San Juan del Monte, Estero de Binondo canal, botanical garden, Manila Bay, car station at Fort Mills, Uy-Chaco building, U.S. Army transport dock, U.S.S. “Thomas,” etc.), several views of the Benguet (Kennon) Road built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1903-5 (bridges, road serpentine, waterfalls), Baguio hill station (camp of the Benguet Mining Co., city hall, forest nursery, government cottages, Camp John Hay, city market, Igorot village), Antipolo and environs, salt beds in the Cavite province, Pagsanjan River and Falls, Montalban Dam, a village in Kalinga, “Taal volcano in eruption” etc. There are also nice portraits of local people - laundresses, fishermen, people at a public well, dancers, bathing girls, native cart drivers, a girl with a big python; views of native huts, alleys of coconut palms, and Carabao buffalos resting in a pond. The album also houses eleven numbered postcards documenting a “Chinese execution,” a view of the Great Wall of China, and closes with two postcards portraying a renowned American aviator Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974), and Leonard Wood (1860-1927), Governor General of the Philippines in 1921-1927. Overall a nice collection of well-preserved real photo postcards showing the Philippines and China.


[Album of 103 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Compiled by an British Officer in the 1st King's Dragoon Guards Cavalry Regiment During the Third Anglo-Afghan War].

1918-9. Oblong Octavo (16,5x22 cm). 12 grey thick album leaves with eight windows per leaf for inserted photographs. With 103 original mounted and inserted gelatin silver photographs, the majority ca. 5,5x8 cm (2 ½ x 3 ½ in). Images inserted in album leaf windows and mounted on paste downs. Most images captioned in manuscript in red ink. Original maroon cloth album, with gilt embossed title "Photographs" with pictorial border on front cover. One photograph removed and a signs of a couple of old tape marks, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
An interesting album documenting an officers life in the 1st King's Dragoon Guards during the Third Anglo-Afghan War, with images of military life at work and at rest, and many candid images of the people and places encountered. The album starts with a couple of portraits of the photographer and his bungalow in Meerut; Then there are images of Muttra (Peace celebrations, Dhobies, grass farm, wood-yard, group photos of British officers, bazaar, Jumna river scenes, cremation, drawing water, Indian village scenes, bullocks at work, Muttra church, bathing ghat, Bibbies (women), silver fox, A Squadron bungalow, mess tent, cleaning boys, bear dancing); Agra, Risalpur N.W. (Dopice railway bridge, Pontoon bridge, watering horses, Bibbies building, A & D Squadron, stables, water-tower, time-gun Pindi, Gharrie); Dakka (Horse line, River Kabul, camp, Cavalry Spur, Dhobies, Ghurdi, Afghans head; Sports (Battery R.H.A., wrestling on mules, best section turn out D. Squadron, winners D. Squadron)); Khyber Pass.
During the Third Anglo-Afghan War, "the regiment remained in garrison at Meerut until October 1918 when it exchanged stations with 21st (Empress of India's) Lancers and moved to Risalpur. On 2 May 1919 Afghan troops seized control of wells on the Indian side of the border. The Afghan Amir Amanullah was warned to withdraw, but his answer was to send more troops to reinforce those at the wells and to move other Afghan units to various points on the frontier. The regiment was mobilised on 6 May and formed part of the British Indian Army's 1st (Risalpur) Cavalry Brigade. It served throughout the Third Anglo-Afghan War and saw action at the Khyber Pass. At Dakka – a village in Afghan territory, north west of the Khyber Pass– on 16 May, the regiment made one of the last recorded charge by a British horsed cavalry regiment as it was already apparent the old world would be giving way to mechanisation" (Wikipedia).


[PANOV, Ivan N.]
[Collection of Forty-Nine Original Photographs of Soviet Turkmenistan, Including Over Twenty Views of Ashgabat Taken Before the 1948 Earthquake, Views of Chardzhou, Mary, Kyzyl-Arvat, and Picturesque Portraits of the Local People].

Ca. 1928-1930. Forty-nine loose gelatin silver prints from ca. 13x18 cm (5 ¼ x 7 in) to ca. 10,5x16 cm (4 ¼ x 6 ¼ in). Seven photos captioned and/or numbered in Russian on verso. A couple of photos with minor small corners creases, one with a corner chip, but overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of early vivid photo views and scenes of Soviet Turkmenistan taken a few years after it had become a part of the Soviet Union (1924). The images were taken by talented Tashkent photographer Ivan Panov who worked for the State Art Publishing House in Moscow (Izogiz). Many of Panov’s views of Central Asian cities and landscapes, as well as portraits of local people were printed as postcards by the Izogiz in the 1930s (he is known for his views of Tashkent, Lake Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan, Chelyabinsk, Moscow, Black Sea resorts and others).
The collection includes over twenty views of Ashgabat taken before the city was heavily destroyed during the 1948 earthquake. The images show the Baha’i temple (first in the world, constructed in 1908, demolished in 1963), monument to V. Lenin (finished in 1927), Turkmen Institute of Culture (decorated with the sculptures of Reading Turkmens – a man and a woman), Turkmen State Museum, Polytechnic school, Ashgabat Central Committee of the Communist Party, the storefront of the Ashgabat branch of the State Publishing House (Gosizdat), railway station, covered galleries of the city market, building of the textile factory (constructed in 1924), three views of Ashgabat water tower built after a project by V. Shukhov, Ashgabat state theatre of Russian drama, cinema theatre, and others. There are also interesting views of a Turkmen aul (village) near Kyzyl-Arvat (now Serdar, north-west of Ashgabat); boats and boats men on the Amu Darya River at Chardzhou (now Turkmenabad); a market and a camel caravan at rest in Mary (an oasis in the Karakum Desert). Over a dozen portraits depict the Turkmen people at a market (selling watermelons, sheep, harnesses); local families outside or inside their yurts, children, camel drovers, and others. Overall an interesting collection of vivid views of first Soviet years in Turkmenistan.


[Two Albums with Over 450 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs, Taken by a Soldier of the Royal Hampshire Regiment on Service in India, Showing the Khaisora Operation of the Waziristan Campaign (1936-7), Regimental Life at the Station in Kamptee, Military Exercises in Mansar; Views and Portraits of Local People of Nagpur, Agra, Jabalpur, Purandar, Mumbai, and Eight Real Photo Postcards of Hyderabad.]

1936-9. Two albums: Oblong Quarto ca. 23,5x31,5 cm (9 ¼ x 12 ¼ in) and oblong Folio ca. 27x37 cm (10 ½ x 14 ½ in). Total of ca. 451 original gelatin silver photographs, vast majority ca. 7x11,5 cm (2 ¾ x 4 ½ in), with two photos ca. 8,5x13,5 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ¼ in), and one ca. 11x8,5 cm (4 ¼ x 3 ½ in); with eight real photo postcards each ca. 8,5x13,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¼ in). All but one mounted in golden or blue corners on recto and/or verso of 48 black leaves, the majority captioned and dated in period manuscript black ink on the mounted labels. One watercolour of an Indian temple ca. 17,5x24 cm (7 x 9 ½ in) tipped in at front of album. Red and blue cloth albums with patterned boards and silk cords. Albums mildly worn at extremities, one leaf partially torn along the spine and one leaf folded but overall two very good albums with strong photographs.
Extensive collection of over 450 original snapshots giving an lively personal account of military exercises and everyday life of the 1st Battalion of the Royal Hampshire Regiment stationed in India in 1936-39, including 69 excellent photos taken during the Khaisora operation (1936-7) – a military expedition on suppression of the local tribes under the leadership of a freedom fighter Mirzali Khan during the Waziristan Campaign (1936-9). The photos show numerous military camps in the Khaisora valley, columns of British soldiers and camels on the move, flying military planes, soldiers and bulldozers clearing roads, explosions and fires over native villages, bodies of the local people, native leaders gathering for a jirga (council), British soldiers posing inside field fortifications with machine guns, carrying bread loaves, cooking at the camp stoves, eating at long tables in the field, et al. Other twenty photographs taken during the Waziristan Campaign show Dosali and Mirali Forts, British military camps, portraits of “Gurkhas & machine gun,” “wireless operators,” British soldiers with machine guns, et al.
Over 130 photos depict daily activities of the regiment while stationed in Kamptee (with several of the stations in Rawalpindi and Barian), showing the barracks, the dormitory, the church on the territory of the compound, St. Joseph’s convent, Kamptee floods, nearby village and river, soldiers digging trenches, relaxing, reading newspapers, singing songs, participating in various sports (soccer, rugby, running, hurdling etc.); with names and nicknames of most soldiers being written down. There are also fifteen images of “Private Buckle’s funeral” in Kamptee in 1938, portraits of an Indian ice-cream seller with a box of “Winchester ice cream,” and a colourful Hindu “high priest”. Over forty images show military training in the nearby Mansar camp (soldiers of different platoons posing with machine guns, in front of their tents, holding an issue of “The Statesman”, swimming in a river, “our cooks,” privates in full uniform with the banner of the Royal Hampshire Regiment, distant views of steel manganese mines near Mansar, et al). About ten photos show Nagpur - the provincial centre, with the views of the railway and factory, native market, Hindu temple, local people bathing and feeding the elephants, an elderly beggar receiving a gift from a young child et al.
There are thirty excellent photographs of the locals (captioned as “Jungle people”) shown dancing, and playing music, fishing, drawing and carrying water; there are also portraits of a newlywed local couple with relatives, three young girls trying to use a rifle; eleven photographs of British soldiers and locals riding elephants during a tiger hunt, et al. Other photos include fifteen nice views of the Western Ghats taken during a hike to the Purandar Fort (south of Pune, Maharashtra), about thirty views and portraits of British soldiers and the locals “near Bombay”; over thirty views of Jubbulpore (Jabalpur – Dhuandhar Falls, Madan Mahal Fort, Balancing Rock, et al.), about twenty views of Agra and environs, and four real photo postcards of Hyderabad. The smaller album opens with an attractive watercolour of a Hindu temple, possibly drawn by the compiler of the album. Overall an interesting historically significant account of the activities of The Royal Hampshire Regiment in India shortly before the beginning of WW2.


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