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LA ROCHE, Frank (1853-1936), CURTIS, Edward S. (1868-1952), MOOREHOUSE, Major Lee (1850-1926), et al.
[Interesting Collection of 37 Original Photographs of Alaska and the Pacific Northwest Including Moorehouse's Cayuse Twins and two Edward Curtis Photographs Taken on the Harriman Expedition].
Ca. 1894-1899. 23 grey album card leaves. 37 gelatin silver prints from ca. 18x23,5 cm (7 x 9 ½ in) to 11x18,5 cm (4 ½ x 7 ½ in). All mounted on original thick card leaves, most captioned in negative. Overall a very good collection of strong, sharp and interesting images.
The views include twenty-three by La Roche (Seattle) which include: Juneau: from the water, from steamer, log cabin, Pres. Church; Sitka: Indian Avenue (x2), Indian merchants, driveway, Indian River Rapids, bridge on Indian River Trail; Wrangell: from steamer, evening, Wrangell Narrows; Skagway: from bridge, Broadway; Metlakahtla (BC): group of Indian children, Indian brass band; White Pass Railroad: from the mouth of the tunnel; Lynn Canal (x2); Steamer "Queen" taking on ice; Muir Glacier: Steamer "Queen" in the Ice Takou Inlet: Grenville Channel (BC); seven by Winter & Pond: Old Tlingit Indian, Totem Poles Wrangell: (4x) including Chief Kahl-teens and Chief Shake's, Muir Glacier, Klondike outfits on the rocks near Dyea; two by Curtis including Approach to Sitka and one from the Harriman Expedition; Cayuse Twins by Moorehouse; Seattle by Wilse; Mount Shasta by Waters; Mount Hood by Hale; Moss Brae Falls (x2).
La Roche "made numerous trips to southeastern Alaska and the Yukon Territory photographing among others, scenes during the Klondike gold rush, ca. 1897-1899. These included views of his experiences traveling from Dyea, Alaska over the Chilkoot Pass into British Columbia to reach the gold fields" (University of Washington Libraries).
ORTELIUS, A[braham] (1527-1598)
[Map of Western Hemisphere Titled:] Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio.
Antwerp, ca. 1571. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 36,5x50,5 cm (14 ½ x 20 in). Map cleaned and sized and with some expert minor repair to lower blank margin, remains of archival mounting tape on verso. Overall still a very good and attractive map.
This attractive ornamental map is an impression from the first of three copperplates, without the publisher's address, second state (of three) with the Azores correctly labelled. From one of the third Latin editions, 1571-73. "Ortelius depicts the discoveries of a number of people on this map, but the general shape of the continent is derived from Gerard Mercator's great twenty-one sheet world map of the previous year. The two of them had a close relationship and shared their knowledge openly with each other.., One of the main noticeable features of the map is the bulbous Chilean coastline; this was not corrected until his third plate. A strategically placed cartouche hides a complete lack of knowledge of the southern waters of the Pacific. Once through the Strait of Magellan the voyager's sea route took him on an almost direct course for the East Indies. No sight had been made of a large continent but conventional wisdom had it that there had to be as much land in the southern hemisphere as in the northern. This was not fully dispelled until the second voyage of the remarkable Captain James Cook in 1772-75. The west coast of North America is shown too far west, as was common at the time" (Burden 39).
"This is one of the most famous maps of America and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The map features an exaggerated breadth of the North American continent, with a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego" (Old World Auctions); Broecke 9.2; Koeman III, 9000: 31A; Tooley, America S. 320; Wagner 80.
3. [ANDAMAN ISLANDS]
D’OYLY, Sir Hastings Hadley (1864-1948)
[Two Original Watercolours of the Andaman Islands, Titled on Verso]: 1) Ross Islands from the Aberdeen District Officers’ House, Port Blair; and 2) Government Rest House, Mount Harriet – Port Blair.
Ca. 1890s. Two watercolours on paper, each ca. 14x22,5 cm (5 ½ x 8 ¾ in). Period manuscript captions in pencil on verso. Later matting. A very good pair.
Interesting original watercolour views of Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) and the centre of the infamous penal colony during the British rule. Apart from an unsuccessful attempt to establish a colony on the islands in 1789, Britain hadn’t risen territorial claims to the Andamans until the 1850s. In 1858 a British penal colony was set up for dissenters and independence fighters from the Indian subcontinent. Since 1972 the Andaman and Nicobar islands were administered by a chief commissioner at Port Blair. The infamous Cellular Jail was constructed in Point Blair in 1896-1906.
Drawn in the midst of the colonial period, the watercolours present interesting views of the Andaman Islands, including “Government Rest House” – summer headquarters of the British administration located on a beautiful Mount Harriet, the third highest peak of the islands. Another watercolour is taken from the Aberdeen District Officers’ House and has a great view of the Ross Island where the British administrative headquarters were settled. The artist, Sir Hastings Hadley D’Oyly, 11th Baronet of Shottisham (succeeded in 1921) lived and served in the British India. He gained the rank of Captain in the service of the Bihar Light Horse and later served as a deputy commissioner of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
4. [ANGKOR WAT, ETC.]
[Collection of Three Albums with ca. 480 Original Photographs and over 70 Real Photo Postcards from a Voyage Around the World via the Suez Canal, South-East Asia, and the Pacific, Including 60 Original Photos and 34 Real Photo Postcards of the Khmer Temples in Cambodia – Angkor Wat, Bayon, Ta Prohm, Pre Rup, Ta Keo, Baphuon, Preah Khan, Preah Ko, Banteay Srey and others; also Including over 300 Original Photos of South-East Asia – Sumatra, Java, Sabang Island, Singapore, Penang, Bangkok, Vietnam, Hong Kong, China and Japan; also with photos of Port-Said, Hawaii, California and the Grand Canyon].
1934-1935. All albums Oblong Folio (ca. 27x36 cm), with 23, 22 and 30 stiff card leaves respectively. Over 480 mounted gelatin silver prints, mostly ca. 5,5x5,5 cm (2x2 in) or slightly bigger – ca. 8x5,5 cm (3 ¼ x 2 in); also including a large panorama ca. 12,5x30,5 cm (4 ¾ x 12 in), and about 17 original photos postcard size - ca. 9x14,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¾ in). With over 70 real photo postcards showing sites visited on the trip. All images with period captions in French related either to individual images or to groups of images; all albums with manuscript labels pasted on verso of the front cover. Period Chinese decorative cloth albums, spines are stitched through on top and bottom with decorative strings. Very good albums with strong clear photographs.
Interesting photo collection assembled by a French couple during their trip around the world in 1934-1935 on board the “Baloeran” (a Rotterdam steamship built mainly for cruises between the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies) and later on board the “Empress of Canada,” a liner of the Canadian Pacific Steamship Company.
The collection is especially interesting because of its large number of original photos of Angkor Wat and other famous Khmer temples of Cambodia - Bayon, Ta Prohm, Pre Rup, Ta Keo, Baphuon, Preah Khan, Preah Ko, Banteay Srey and others. The second album contains 60 original photos and 34 real photo postcards of the Khmer temples with general views, architectural details and portraits of the travellers posing in front of the temples, the collection is an interesting and relatively early picturesque representation of this UNESCO World Heritage Site.
There are also a number of interesting unusual views taken during the tour across the Dutch East Indies, French Indochina, China and Japan. Over 90 images of the Dutch East Indies include photos taken on the Sabang Island, Sumatra (a rubber plantation, gold course in Brastagui, two coastal views of Sibolga, volcanic Lake Toba, Prapat village), and Java (port and market in Batavia, botanical garden in Buitenzorg, crater of the Mount Salak, tea plantations near Pingalangan [?], rubber plantations and native children dancing in Garut, railway station in Bandjar, Borobudur temple, batik sellers). The journey continued in Singapore (illustrated with over 30 photos, showing the house of a British official, botanical gardens, and golfing at the Singapore club grounds), and Malaysia (over twenty images, showing the gold club; port, streets and temples of Penang, views of Penang taken from the Strawberry Hill, including a large commercially printed panorama; with nine real photo postcards showing various operations on a Malaysian rubber plantation). Over 30 images are dedicated to the couple’s stay in Bangkok, Thailand, showing the city port and floating market, a street restaurant, scenes of venom collection at the famous Pasteur Institute, Bangkok temples (Wat Pho Temple, Wat Arun Temple, the Marble Temple, and the Temple of Emerald Buddha), the house of the director of the bank, and others. Over 60 images of French Indochina (modern Vietnam) include views of Saigon, Mekong, rural areas around Saigon, rubber plantations, tea plantations and factories near Arbre Broye, landscapes taken during the tour to the Dalat resort, local villages, a gold mine, saline near Cana, Vietnamese boats in Phan Thien, An Loc town, and others. The collection also includes original photos and reals postcards of Hong Kong, and over fifty original photos of China (Summer Palace, Temple of Heaven, Great Wall, the Ming Tombs, various views of Pekin); over twenty original photos of Japan (Kyoto & Nikko).
There are also portraits of the travellers and their friends on board the “Baloeran,” views of Port Said, Suez Canal, the port of Colombo, Honolulu, Pebble Beach golf course in California, and the Grand Canyon. The last album closes with six real photo postcards of New York. Overall an interesting photo collection of the images of the Khmer Temples and unusual views and scenes taken in South-East Asia.
5. [ARCTIC - NORTHWEST PASSAGE]
[Collection of Four Related Autograph Letters Signed by John Franklin, Frederick William Beechey, John Richardson and John D. Hunter, Apparently Addressed to Nicholas Garry, Deputy Governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company).
Four ALS, all dated by days of the week but without a year, but 1824. Three Small Octavos (ca. 18x11,5 cm), and one small note ca. 9,5x11 cm. Each 1 page, brown ink on paper. One with a pencil written list of names on verso. All with old identical guards on verso, indicating that the letters were mounted together in an album. Very good letters.
An interesting collection of original letters by noted Arctic explorers, apparently all related to meetings to make preparations for the 1824-25 voyages to find the Northwest Passage. Three letters were written by the members of two corresponding expeditions to the region: John Franklin and John Richardson, who explored the shores of the Arctic Ocean west and east of the Coppermine River in 1825-1827, and Frederick William Beechey, who explored the Bering Strait from the west in 1825-1828, in an attempt to meet Franklin’s expedition. In his letter Franklin also mentions George Francis Lyon who was to sail on HMS Griper to the Repulse Bay in June 1824. The author of the fourth letter, John D. Hunter, also mentioned in Franklin’s letter as a participant of one of the meetings, was apparently an organiser or a member of one of those expeditions. Dated by days of the week, the letters refer to several meetings in March 1824. John Richardson’s letter was written at “55 Devonshire Street,” which was John Franklin’s London address.
Beechey’s and Hunter’s letters are addressed to “Mr. Garry,” most likely Nicholas Garry (ca. 1782-1856), deputy governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1822-1835. Fort Garry (now Winnipeg) was founded and named after him in 1822. Several places in the Northwest Passage were named after him during the expedition season of 1825-27. John Franklin gave his name to the Garry Island in the delta of the Mackenzie River “for all his active kindness and indefatigable attention to the comfort of myself and my companions” (Franklin, J. Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea, 1825, 1826, and 1827. London, 1828, p. 36). William Parry named Cape Garry in the Somerset Island, Prince Regent Inlet “after by worthy friend Nicholas Garry, Esq., one of the most active members of the Hudson’s Bay Company, and a gentleman most warmly interested in everything connected with northern discovery” (Parry, W. Journal of a Third Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific; Performed in the Years 1824-25 in His Majesty's Ships Hecla and Fury. London, 1826, p. 140).
In his letter to Mr. Garry, John D. Hunter also mentions “Mr. Halkett”, who was most likely, John Halkett (1768-1852), director of the HBC and a member of its London Committee.
The texts of the letters:
Franklin: “My dear Sir, I shall have great pleasure in joining your party on Thursday the 25th but you must let me off early as I am engaged to an Evening party. I was just going to write to you when your note came, to say Mrs. Franklin and I will be glad to have the pleasure of your company at dinner on Tuesday 30th March at six. I hope Mr. Hunter will be with us also. I will send your letter to Capt. Lyon and I shall probably take the opportunity of seeing Parry tomorrow. Ever sincerely & faithfully yours, John Franklin. Tuesday Eveng.”
Richardson: “Dear Sir, I shall with much pleasure dine with you on Wednesday next at 7. I am dear Sir yours sincerely, John Richardson. Saturday, 55 Devonshire Street.”
Beechey: “Captain Beechey presents his compliments to Mr. Garry and will have the pleasure of accepting his polite invitation for the 6th inst. Harley Street, March 21st.”
Hunter: “I sincerely thank you my dear Mr. Garry for the book you were kind enough to send me, but my engagements will I fear render it out of my power to read it through. I will dine with you on Tuesday if I return from Brighton in time. I shall start at 11 this morning, & contemplate to return on Monday evening, I am much pleased to hear that among other friends Mr. Halkett will be one. Believe me very sincerely yours &c. John D. Hunter. Saturday morning.”
HORSLEY, Samuel (1733-1806) & PHIPPS, Constantine John (1744-1792)
Remarks on the Observations Made in the Late Voyage Towards the North Pole, for Determining the Acceleration of the Pendulum, In Latitude 79'50' in a Letter to the Hon. Constantine John Phipps; [Bound Following] A Voyage Towards the North Pole Undertaken by His Majesty's Command 1773.
London: B. White, W. Bowyer and J. Nichols et al., 1774. First Editions. Quarto (30 x 24cm). Viii, 253, ; 15,  pp. With three folding engraved maps, twelve folding engraved views and diagrams and eleven letterpress folding tables. Handsome brown period elaborately gilt tooled full calf. Rebacked in style with a red gilt title label. Overall a near fine clean and large copy.
Horsley's "pamphlet ought to be annexed to every copy of Captain Phipps's book, and bound up with it.., it is very rare"(Sabin 33056); "Horsley was elected to the Royal Society in 1767 and his earliest publications dealt with astronomy and geometry, as here in this discussion of the navigational mathematics of Phipps's voyage to the North Pole. Horsley was very controversial in his later years, entering a bitter dispute with Sir Joseph Banks at the Royal Society, necessitating Horsley's resignation. Horsley also published an edition of Newton's works" (Christies). Captain Phipps' "expedition of the Racehorse and Carcass, undertaken for the purpose of discovering a route to India through the northern polar regions, was blocked by pack ice north of Spitsbergen. The valuable appendix gives geographical and meteorological observation, zoological and botanical records, accounts of the distillation of fresh water from the sea and astronomical observations. The voyage is perhaps best remembered for the presence of young Horatio Nelson, as midshipman aboard the Carcass, and his encounter with a polar bear" (Hill 1351); "The scientific results of the expedition included zoological and botanical observations and collections, and a meteorological journal. The expedition's farthest north exceeded the record established by Chichagov and was not surpassed until Scoresby" (Holland p.137); Sabin 62572.
7. [ATLAS OF THE WORLD]
KÖHLER, J[ohann] D[avid] (1684-1755)
[Atlas of the Modern World Titled:] Atlas Manualis Scholasticus et Itinerarius Complectens Novae Geographiae Tabulas LI.
Nürnberg: Johann Christoph Weigel, . Revised edition with an updated index and title. Folio (37x25 cm). With a copper engraved title (index verso), double-page copper engraved frontispiece by J. G. Berckmüller, and fifty-one original hand coloured copper engraved maps on fifty (forty-nine double-page & one folding) leaves. Original brown limp full sheep with blind stamped title on spine. Covers mildly rubbed, titled page with a couple marginal tears (with old repairs), Frontispiece slightly shaved at top at, a few maps with marginal tears and old repairs. However the atlas overall in very good and very original condition, the maps are strong impressions and generally clean with attractive unfaded original hand colouring.
The fifty-one very decorative maps include: A World map, Europe, Portugal, Spain, France, Lorraine, Great Britain, England, Scotland, Ireland, Netherlands(3), Germany and fifteen maps of German states, Switzerland, Italy and five maps of Italian states, Scandinavia, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Muscovy, Danube course, Hungary (two maps together), Greece (2), Asia, Ottoman Empire, Holy Land, Africa & America. The maps are based on designs by Homann, Moll and Goos and are decorated with very attractive cartouches. The historian Koehler and engraver and publisher Weigel collaborated on a number of atlases, this probably being the most elaborate. Johann David Kohler was a professor of logic and history at universities in Altdorf and later Göttingen and served briefly as university librarian at Altdorf. (Tooley K-P p.49). Johann Christoph Weigel (1654-1725), was a German engraver, illustrator and publisher (Tooley Q-Z p. 367); Phillips 569;
8. [AUSTRALIA - SYDNEY]
[A Collection of Nineteen Mounted Photographs of Australia (Twelve of Sydney) and New Zealand].
Ca. 1885. Nineteen mounted albumen prints, seventeen each ca. 13,5x18,5 cm (5 ½ x 7 ½ in) and two 19,5x24 cm (7 ½ x 9 ½ in), most images captioned in ink manuscript on mounts. Some very mild fading of margins but generally very good strong images.
The collection gives a good over view of Sydney around 1885, then a city of about 300,000 inhabitants. The views in this collection include: Scene from Sydney Town Hall; Bulli Forest; Lane Cove River, Sidney Harbour; Scene from Sydney Town Hall; Zig Zag Railway, Lithgow Valley, Blue Mt.; Darling Harbour and Balmain; View of Parramata River; Blue Point, Sydney Harbour; Scene near St. Leonard's, Sidney Harbour; Mount Wellington (Tasmania); Hobartown, the Fern Tree Bower; Nugget Point Lighthouse (New Zealand); Dusky Sound, West Coast; Rere Lake; Jollie River Pass; Moonlight Gorge, South Alps.
WITTIG, Friedrich Wilhelm (German, 1854-after 1912)
[A Signed and Dated Grisaille Watercolour Heightened with White of a Balloon Ascending over Tempelhof Field in 1912].
1912. Watercolour ca. 29x47 cm (11 ½ x 18 ½ in) mounted on card. With some very minor signs of wear but overall a very good painting. Recently matted.
This attractive and very skillfully executed watercolour shows a balloon ascending over Tempelhof Field in Berlin in 1912. Most likely the balloon shown is the "Preussen" which was the first manned balloon to ascend to over 10,000 metres, a feat which was accomplished on the 31st of July 1901 by Berlin Meteorologists, Arthur Berson und Reinhard Süring. This lively and atmospheric painting shows Tempelhof field filled with people watching a balloon ascend.
10. [BOER WAR]
CAPEL, Pvte W.B.
[Second Boer War Journal kept in the Field, Inscribed:] Written by Pvte W.B. Capel/ Vol. Special Service in South Africa.
South Africa, 1900. Duodecimo (13x10 cm). Ca. 20 pages. Home-made notebook cut down from a larger provisioning ledger, each page of which is printed with a list of commodities to be ordered, some 20 pages, written in indelible pencil on perforated pages, some leaves loose, first page smudged, otherwise in a good legible condition. Covers with part of the original volume's morocco label pasted on back cover, covers worn and front cover with chip of lower corner but overall in good condition.
Autograph journal kept in the field, inscribed on the inside cover: "Written by Pvte W.B. Capel/ Vol Special Service in South Africa/ If anything should happen to me will you kindly send this book to Mrs E.J. Capel/ my father and mother/ Gladstone Villa/ Wallingford/ Berks/ England/ Vol Co Royal Berks Regiment", beginning with his voyage out to the Cape in March 1900 and ending that July.
This vivid journal records Private Capel's experiences on his voyage to South Africa, where he disembarked at East London 9 April, and his company's march to join their regiment, the Berkshires, who they joined at Bloemfontein on 20 May, Capel keen to see active service ("...I feel as though I should like to smash into them to day Monday 16 [July] We marched off this morning at 7 o'clock with 2 days rations biscuits and beef whistling and singing. We marched to the kopjes where the Boers had been but we were disappointed they were gone bolted as usual..."). The last entry, dated Saturday 21 July 1900, breaks off abruptly: "we started from Camp about 7 am and had got fairly on the road when at 7x30 we heard guns fire and then the enemy started firing with big guns it was a row for about an hour ours against theres then the pom-poms started with their peculiar pop-pop there were also several sniping shots we lay under an hill just by one of our big guns. It was funny to hear the shells whistling through the air and then several seconds after you could hear the thud and a bang which shook the hills all round I am writing this while the shells are banging all round."
11. [BRAZIL - RIO DE JANEIRO]
BARBOSA, Januario da Cunha (1780-1864)
[Protocols and Procedures for Burials in the Churches of Rio de Janeiro] Exposição do Padre Januario da Cunha Barbosa a El-Rei D. João VI sobre as sepulturas nas Egrejas do Rio de Janeiro.
Ca. 1813-1816. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). 4 pp., with two integral blank leaves, tied with two pink ribbons. Brown ink on laid paper watermarked “1813”, legible text in Portuguese. Paper tag ("Avulços") glued to final leaf. Laid into later ruled paper folder (typed title as given above). Paper slightly age toned, mild fold marks, otherwise a near fine document.
Unpublished manuscript on church burials in Rio de Janeiro by one of the earliest Brazilian literary critics and an important figure in the independence movement.
An apparently unpublished work on the protocols and procedures for burials in churches of Rio de Janeiro, written at a time when such burials were becoming an important public health issue. Cunha Barbosa was appointed prégador for the royal chapel in Rio de Janeiro in 1808. There he became involved in deciding which tombs in the church could be opened when a member of a family or of a religious order died. Apparently Cunha Barbosa had been reprimanded for opening one tomb, and in this work he explains his decision at greater length than he had previously done. He also states the procedures for opening a tomb and notes which church officials had to authorize it. Cunha Barbosa refers to the addressee as "V.A. R." throughout, and once as "Principe." This suggests that the addressee was D. João VI during his tenure as Prince Regent (i.e., before 1816).
Two works dealing with burials as a public health matter were published by Brazilians before independence: Vicente Coelho de Seabra Silva e Telles' Memoria sobre os prejuizos causados pelas sepulturas dos cadaveres nos templos, e methodo de os prevenir (Lisbon, 1800), and José Correa Picanço's Ensaio sobre os perigos das sepulturas dentro das cidades, e nos seus contornos (Rio de Janeiro, 1812; See Guerra, Bibliografia medica brasileira 20.)
Januario da Cunha Barbosa took orders in 1803 and soon earned such a reputation as a religious orator that in 1808 he was named prégador for the royal chapel in Rio de Janeiro. One of the leading spirits in the Independence movement, he founded and edited (along with Joaquim Gonçalves Ledo) the periodical Reverbero Constitucional Fluminense from September 1821 to October 1822. At the end of 1822 his rival from the liberal party, José Bonifácio, had him deported without trial, but a year later - as Bonifácio himself was being deported - Cunha Barbosa returned to Brazil. There he was simultaneously elected deputy to the new legislature for Minas Geraes and for Rio de Janeiro. He later served as director of the Imprensa Nacional and the Biblioteca Nacional.
Cunha Barbosa published numerous sermons, some poetry, and articles on a wide range of subjects in the journals of various learned societies. His anthology Parnaso Brasileiro (Rio de Janeiro, 1829-30) is a major literary contribution. With its publication Cunha Barbosa became one of the earliest Brazilian literary critics and preserved much poetry of the colonial period which would doubtless otherwise have been lost. (See Verissimo, História da literatura brasileira  p. 119.) He also co-founded, with Raymundo José da Cunha Mattos, the Instituto Historico e Geographico Brazileiro in 1838. The Instituto had much wider interests than its name suggests, and came to serve as a forum for all Brazilian writers. Work done under its auspices set the direction for much of the historical, geographical and ethnological research later done in Brazil. (See Verissimo, p. 127).
On Cunha Barbosa, see Innocêncio III, 254; VI, 127; VII, 71; X, 117. See also Sacramento Blake III, 294-300. OCLC: No printed version or other manuscript version located. No printed or manuscript version located in Porbase, Copac, or OCLC.
12. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - VANCOUVER ISLAND]
[Attractive Watercolour Titled: “Camp on Victoria Island” [sic] and Signed "M.L.S."].
Ca. 1880. Watercolour ca. 14x35 cm (5 ½ x 14 in). The watercolour, in period matting, is in very good condition with bright colours.
This attractive scenic watercolour shows an early coastal loggers(?) camp, most probably on the south eastern part of Vancouver Island looking towards the gulf islands. A tent and camp fire as well as two canoes and a total of five men are shown. Overall an early and interesting colonial British Columbia watercolour.
13. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - VANCOUVER]
[Album with 15 Original Photographs of Vancouver, Mostly of Stanley Park, with Three Views of False Creek and English Bay].
Ca. 1910s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 17,5x25,5 cm), 18 album leaves (two loosely inserted). 15 mounted gelatin silver prints ca. 10x15 cm (3 7/8 x 5 ¾ in). All but one with period white ink captions on the mounts. Original grey paper wrappers album with stamped title “Photographs” on the front cover. Several images with minor silvering, otherwise a very good album.
Attractive photographs of Vancouver’s Stanley park views, showing the park’s entrance, main paths and alleys, impressive cedar trees, the Duck pond, the fog bell tower, “Water pipe line,” the Royal Corner and the Second beach. There is also a panoramic view of the North Shore mountains taken from Stanley park, as well as a view of downtown Vancouver taken from False Creek, with a wooden bridge on the left (apparently, the first Cambie street bridge constructed in 1891). The album closes with two photos of English Bay showing private houses on the waterfront, and swimmers and a boat near the surf.
14. [BURMA - MAWLAMYINE]
CARTHEW-YORSTOUN, Morden, Lt. Colonel (1832 - after 1905)
[Mawlamyine, Burma: Original Double-Page Watercolour Showing a Panoramic View of Moulmein].
Ca. 1853. Watercolour and pencil on two conjoined leaves, total size ca. 25,5x70 cm (10 x 27 ½ in). Weak pencil caption "M. Carthew. Moulmein" on verso. Recent matting. A very good watercolour.
An impressive panoramic view of Mawlamyine or Mawlamyaing (formerly Moulmein), the third-largest city in modern Burma and an important port and trade centre in British Burma and its first capital in 1826-1852. The wide panorama shows the city from the Taungnyo hills on the right to the Thanlwin (Salween) River on the left, with the British ships in the harbor and rice fields, houses and small pagoda also shown. Most likely the watercolour was made from the famous viewpoint on Kyaikthanlan Pagoda located on the hills overlooking Moulmein.
The artist, Lt. Colonel Morden Carthew, was a prominent British colonial officer who served in India and Burma for 12 years and had several important posts in the administration of Moulmein.
General Morden Carthew, C.B., started in 1848 as a cadet in the Madras Presidency of the East India Company. In around 1850 with his own regiment, the 26th Madras Native Infantry, he was sent to Moulmein, Burma. "When the second Burmese war broke out in 1852, young Carthew, then a Lieutenant, was in England on sick leave; but he hastened out and rejoined his regiment just after a capture of Martaban, a fortified town belonging to the Burmese on the opposite side of the river on which Moulmein stands. Some tedious months of garrison work in Martaban followed, which Carthew utilized by setting to work to study the Burmese language." Thanks to his skills he obtained a place in the Civil Department of the British province of Moulmein as an officer assisting "in the pacification and civil administration of the newly annexed territory." "During the course of the war in 1852-53 Carthew saw a good deal of what was going on, and was present at several of the small actions that took place, for there were no pitched battles, the Burmese troops being very inferior in armament and courage." Carthew made the first survey of the town of Sittang and after "obtained a regular certificate for surveying." He was awarded with the Burmese war medal.
"On getting to Moulmein early in 1853, Morden Carthew, at twenty years of age, was appointed Assistant Magistrate of Moulmein, a large town and seaport of over 40,000 inhabitants of every race"; at twenty one he became a Civil Judge in the Civil Court of the Moulmein town and province. In 1855 he was appointed the Senior Magistrate of Moulmein "with all its police duties, with a convict jail chiefly composed of prisoners transported from India to the number of about 1500 men, charge of all the roads and bridges in the town district, and with a multitude of the other duties that only one accustomed to the life and work of an Indian soldier civilian can understand or even count." In 1858 he took the post of the Deputy Commissioner of the Province of Mergui, "the most southern point of British possessions on the Malay Peninsula, under the Indian Government." Altogether he spent 12 years in India and Burma and returned to England in 1860. He afterwards lived in Dumfriesshire (Scotland) and took an active part in the county affairs. He was known of his wood carving skills and exhibited his work in London and Edinburgh.
[Abstracts of the] Carthew Yorstoun family [genealogy] // The Gallovidian: An Illustrated Southern Counties Quarterly Magazine. Spring 1905. # 25. Vol. Viii. P. 1-9 (Open Library on-line).
15. [CALIFORNIA - SAN FRANCISCO]
[OGDEN, Richard Livingston] (1822-1900)
[San Francisco], ca. 1860-1870s. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 25 pp. of text and fifty blank leaves. Brown and blue ink on laid paper, with several newspaper clippings and an ink drawing of the yacht “Restless” mounted on the leaves. Original violet full sheep notebook with raised bands and blind stamped decorative borders on the boards. Binding rubbed on extremities, hinges cracked, foot of spine chipped, but overall a very good internally clean manuscript.
Fascinating private account of the sailings of the yachts Restless and Peerless, both belonging to San Francisco industrialist and keen yachtsman Richard Livingston Ogden. Ogden came to California in 1852 as a major of the US army and subsequently established the firm of Ogden and Hayes; he was one of the founders of the Kimball Carriage and Car Manufacturing Company in the 1860s, the first president of the reorganized San Francisco Yacht Club (1874-1878) and one of the founders of the Jekyll Island Club, Georgia, in 1886.
The manuscript starts with a detailed description of the yacht Restless: "31 feet long, 16 feet beam, 3½ deep centre board, 10 feet long 12 feet wide 5 feet high, finished a la raeveaux gilt mouldings, stained glass windows, velvet cushions forming very comfortable sleeping accommodations..." Various voyages are described, such as "The first voyages of the Restless were to Sausalito on pic-nics, fishing trips, to Angel Island on clambakes, to Alcatraz on Offish-al business, to Benicia, to Martinez, and on the 3rd of July  to Sacramento in 18 hours against the tide & with calm weather to contend with beating 14 schooners & sloops... On the opening of the Ducking season she was put in shooting trim and some half dozen successful voyages with glorious results..." Later on, as years passed, "The Restless was sold on the departure of the owner for the East for $1000 to a gentleman of the Lager Bier line of business who put her into service as a Ferry Boat between 3rd St. Wharf and the Potrero..."
The second half of the journal is a record of the little schooner "Peerless," another of Ogden’s yachts, launched in 1869. “Length on water line 53, length on deck, beam 17 feet, depth 5 ½. Schooner rigged, built of <…> Eastern oak, bent timber (frames), cedar & Oregon, galvanized fastenings, cabin Oregon maple & cedar, all built in best manner.” The manuscript describes Peerless’ sailings to Belmont, Martinez and Antioch. The first free endpaper bears an amateur ink sketch of the yacht Restless resting on shore and a man shooting a duck from a log nearby.
Commodore Richard L. Ogden, was “the oldest and best known yachtsman of San Francisco Bay <…>. He was in the fifties the owner of the then famous sloop Restless, the first pleasure yacht seen on these waters. It was brought from New York on a ship's deck. In 1868 he built the large schooner-yacht Peerless, one of the handsomest yachts ever built here and one that took part in the first regular regatta ever sailed on this coast. She was sold by him to the King of Samoa and became the "Samoan Navy." When the San Francisco Yacht Club was reorganized in 1875 he was elected commodore, an office he held for several years. About that time Commodore Ogden also built the fine steam yacht Quickstep and the steam launch Hi-Yah.” (San Francisco Call, October 7, 1900, 23:4)
OMMANNEY, Erasmus Austin, Commander, RN (1850-1938)
[Collection of Twelve Autograph Letters Signed to His Father and Mother (Including two letters by his Superiors), Related to His Naval Service in the West Indies and Quebec, and with Travel Notes about Halifax and Saint John’s, Newfoundland].
Various locations: Gosport Royal Academy, HMS Britannia, Chew Magna, HMS Aurora (at Port Royal and Quebec), SS Hibernian, Halifax, SS Alpha, St. Thomas (Barbados), 1 April 1863 – [26 June 1876]. Twelve Octavo letters (from ca. 18x11,5 cm to ca. 21x13,5 cm). In all 67 pp. of text. Brown or black ink on letter paper (white, blue or green); ten letters by E.A. Ommanney and two by his superiors. Fold marks, some letters weak on folds, with minor tears; two with traces from old staples being removed. Overall a very good collection.
Twelve autograph letters related to the naval career of Commander Erasmus Austin Ommanney, a son of distinguished Arctic explorer Admiral Sir Erasmus Ommanney (1814-1904), who commanded the "Assistance" on the first Franklin Relief Expedition of 1850 and was responsible for discovering the first traces of Franklin's party. Covering the period of thirteen years, the letters contain interesting notes about Quebec, Saint John’s (Newfoundland), Halifax, and naval service in the West Indies.
Nine early letters date back to the time of Ommanney’s studies in the Gosport Royal Academy (1863) and his service as a midshipman on HMS Britannia and Aurora (1864-1867), including a superior’s note about him successfully having passed the summer exam (16th out of 64; 1863); and news of him becoming a midshipman “with a first class certificate, <…> a good conduct certificate and a gold compass” (Sept. 30, 1864). Two letters written on board HMS Aurora tell about his service in the West Indies - Barbados, Trinidad, La Guaira (Venezuela) and Port Royal (Jamaica), with a detailed description of the recovery of the wreck of HMS Bulldog which ran aground near Cap-Haitien in 1865, whilst attacking the port as part of a punitive raid against local revolutionaries. The recovery was conducted using “diving dresses;” and later Ommanney went on shore to witness the destruction of the city: “the shot had great effect upon the town, the houses knocked about a great deal <…> The forts are in ruins, the guns are in a most ludicrous state, some turned right over others on their sides & I should not care to be close to them when they were fired off as I think they might chance to burst, they look so rotten” (March 18, 1866).
Three letters written while a midshipman on HMS Aurora stationed in Quebec contain an interesting description of Ommanney’s ten-day trip “into the woods,” down the Murray River to the Murray Bay (La Malbaie, north shore of St. Lawrence River). The party of three went down the river in bark canoes, accompanied by four Indians, slept in wigwams and enjoyed “capital fishing” and “magnificent scenery <…> we were sitting in canoes being moved along quickly but swiftly among tremendous high steep mountains, they were like a lot of “Gibraltars” all together, but thickly wooded.”
The letter from Ommanney’s superior on HMS Aurora informed his father that he had received a first class certificate and had been sent temporarily to a gunboat “Prince Albert” stationed between Windsor and Sarnia on the Great Lakes, “as it is expected that the Fenians intend giving some more trouble out here.”
Three letters written by Ommanney in May-June 1876, during his travel to his new ship - HMS Rover stationed in Port Royal (Jamaica), have some distinct notes on Saint John’s (Newfoundland) and Halifax. The houses in St. John’s “are of wood and very irregularly built, the streets are badly paved & very dirty and a strong smell of fish pervades the whole place; whalers and seal ships come here a great deal.” When entering St. John’s harbour Ommanney’s steamboat struck an iceberg, and “fortunately no damage was done <…> it only grazed along the side. It had such a peculiar appearance, with the light shining on it <…> Female passengers were greatly agitated & thought their last moments had arrived.”
“I find Halifax very dull & it seems quite different to what I remember it in former days <…> The country is not very pretty, all the trees seem so stunted, the roads are disgraceful everywhere, both town & country <…> Fog seems to be the great feature of the place, it has hardly been fine one whole day since I have been here.”
The collection is supplemented with a later card inscribed by E.A. Ommanney’s son, stating that it was his father who found relics of Franklin’s expedition while on board Aurora under Sir Leopold McClintock. In fact, it was E.A. Ommanney’s father, Sir Erasmus, who found the first Franklin relics while commanding HMS ‘Assistance’ on Horatio Austin’s Admiralty search for Franklin in 1850.
Ommanney was appointed to HMS corvette “Rover,” Commander Thomas Barnardiston, on 28 April 1876 (The Navy List, Corrected to the 20 June 1877. London: John Murray, 1877, p. 169). He retired from the navy with the rank of Commander in 1879. He took Holy Orders in 1883, serving his ministry as a vicar in the South seas.
17. [CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY]
NOTMAN, William (1826-1891) et al.
[Album with 55 Original Photographs by William Notman & Son, Bailey Bros., S.J. Thompson, D.A. Weese, A. Loeffler and S.J. Johnston showing Vancouver, Canadian Rockies, Toronto, Montreal, Kingston, New York and the Hudson River Valley, Supplemented with 13 Amateur Photos taken by the Album’s Compiler during the Travel along the Canadian Pacific Railway].
Ca. 1890-1900s. Folio (ca. 36x26 cm). 30 card leaves (4 blank). With 46 large gelatin silver, albumen and platinum prints, from ca. 12x22,5 cm (4 ½ x 9 in) to ca. 26,5x21 cm (10 ¼ x 8 ¼ in). With nine smaller professional gelatin silver prints ca. 9,5x12 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ¾ in) and thirteen amateur albumen and gelatin silver prints ca. 9x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in) or slightly smaller. All professional photos signed, numbered or titled in negative. Original brown half morocco album with green cloth sides and decorative endpapers; paper label of “Arentshorst & Zoon Boekbinderij, Kampen” on the first pastedown. A couple of images slightly faded, but the majority in very good condition.
Attractive album of large photos of Canada and the Eastern United States. Albumen prints by the studio of “William Notman & Son” include a nice view of “Vancouver from C.P.R. Hotel” (showing the West End and the Coal Harbour), and a series of twenty photos taken on the Canadian Pacific Railway: Albert Canyon; Glacier House; The Great Glacier from Road; Marion Lake, Mt. Abbott Glacier; Bow Lake & Mt. Hector; West Ottertail Mountain, Leanchoil; Van Horne Range; Cathedral Peak; Lake Louise; Emerald Lake; Cascade Canyon & Mountain; C.P.R. Hotel and Bow Valley; Banff Springs Hotel & Mount Rundle; Banff & Tunnel Mountain; Bow Valley from Banff Hotel; Bow River [with Mount Rundle and a small wharf with canoes]; Sundance Canyon; Three Sisters, Canmore; The Gap looking west. There is also a nice panorama of Medicine Hat with the truss Finlay Bridge across the South Saskatchewan River.
Among the other photos of the Canadian Rockies are three large gelatin silver prints by Bailey Brothers: X.602. Fraser Canyon near North Bend; X.790. Eastern Corner of Mt. Stephen, Kicking Horse Pass; X.791. Bow River, Banff National Park. Another gelatin silver print titled “Mt. Stephen from Kicking Horse Valley” was produced by one of the brothers, William H. Bailey (signed W.H.B. In negative). There is also a platinum print by S.J. Thompson showing Mt. Rundle in Banff. The album also houses thirteen small amateur photos of the Canadian Rockies taken during a voyage on the CPR.
Eastern Canada is represented in three original photos by Notman & Son: 3027. South East from Parliament Bldg, Toronto; Montreal from the Mountain; [A view of the Maisonneuve Monument in Montreal]. There is also a series of six views of Kingston, Ontario by D.A. Weese: City Buildings; Private Dwelling; a Part of Harbour; Falls, Kingston Mills; Rideau at Mills; Kingston. A large anonymous photo shows the Place du Canada in Montreal with the Macdonald Monument. Four large anonymous photos depict the Niagara Falls, with two images titled in negative: “14. Genl. View from New Bridge, Moonlight” and “Whirlpool rapids, Niagara Falls.”
The “U.S. Views” include a photo by A. Loeffler “City Hall, Pulitzer, Tribune, Times & Potter Buildings,” three albumen prints by J.S. Johnston showing the Madison Square, the Brooklyn Bridge and the Statue of Liberty; two unsigned views captioned in negative: “The Banks of the Hudson, Lower Entrance to the Highlands” and “84. The Banks of the Hudson, Upper Entrance to the Highlands;” and a view of the Thousand Islands region in the New York State by Notman & Son. The album closes with four gelatin silver prints at rear showing a Chinese town and the Hague city (Holland). Overall an attractive photograph collection.
18. [CAPE TOWN]
[Collection of Three Watercolours of Simonstown, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa].
Ca. 1908. Two watercolours ca. 18x35,5 cm (7x14 in.) and one ca. 15x23 cm (6x9 in). Two watercolours initialled “F.L.” All three captioned in black ink on verso: From the slopes of the Simon's Berg Jan 1908; Bellevue, Simonstown, the Cape; Bellevue, Our Home, the Cape 1902. All on thick artist paper. The two larger watercolours have tape residue from earlier mounting on some outer margins but overall the watercolours are in very good condition.
These three scenic watercolours show views of early 20th century Simon's Town near Cape Town, South Africa, "which is home to the South African Navy. It is located on the shores of False Bay, on the eastern side of the Cape Peninsula. For more than two centuries it has been an important naval base and harbour (first for the Royal Navy and now the South African Navy). The town is named after Simon van der Stel, an early governor of the Cape Colony" (Wikipedia).
19. [CENTRAL AFRICA]
SHARPE, Alfred, Sir (1853-1935)
[Collection of 25 Autograph Letters and Notes Signed “Alfred Sharpe” to his Literary Agent William Morris Colles, with a number of topics touched, including Sharpe’s prospective book about his travels, Central Africa, polemics with the Labour Party’s idea of Postwar International Administration of Equatorial Africa, and politics in the Balkans during WWI].
Various places in Britain (the majority – Elmhurst, Lancaster), 1915-1918. Various sizes, from Small Octavo (ca. 17,5x11 cm) to Quarto (ca. 23x19,5 cm). 39 pp. In total. Brown ink on various paper (blue laid paper, blue San Remo linen paper, white “Basildon Bond” paper et al.). Eighteen letters with blind stamped address “Elmhurst, Lancaster” on the upper margin, and two with the “Plâs Nantyr, Glyn” ink stamp; one letter on the printed form of “Euston Hotel, London”, and one – on the form of the “Royal Societies Club, St. James’s Street, London”. All but one letters with the ink stamp “Received” on the first page, specifying the date of reception; all letters with blue pencil numbers apparently put by Colles. Mild fold marks, holes in one of the corners after the letters having been stapled together, some letters with minor creases and tears on the margins, but overall a very good archive of interesting letters written in a legible hand.
Very interesting historically important archive of Sir Alfred Sharpe, British traveller and colonial administrator in Central Africa, who was actively engaged in the formation of the British Central Africa Protectorate (after 1964 - Malawi), became its High Commissioner (1896-1907) and later, when the colony was renamed to Nyasaland – its first governor (1907-1910). Sharpe was also a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (RGS) since 1891, received its Cuthbert Peak Award in 1898 and became a member of the Society’s Council in 1913-1917.
Much of the collection relates to the history of writing and publication of Sharpe’s memoirs about his travels in Africa. The first documents regarding this date from the end of 1916 (Nov 24 and Dec 11) when Sharpe had the diaries of his journey to South Africa retyped and sent to Colles “together with 100 photos from which a choice – or all – can be taken”. After that Sharpe went on another trip, writing to Colles: “I leave for Africa on Friday” (11 Dec, 1916), and already in July 1917 he sent to the agent “notes on my last journey” (9 Jul, 1917). From this time starts long correspondence about different aspects of the prospective book: what stories should be included, what should be edited or revised; whether it is possible to find paper to print a book (in wartime) et al. Some examples of the correspondence about “the Book”: Sharpe is talking about his travel to the German East Africa in 1904 – “to the magnificent high district immediately north of Lake Nyasa”. He encloses the diary he kept at the time saying that he can “complete a running narrative out of it” (5 March, 1918). “I can make out say 2000 or 3000 words on the German Kondeland – with a general description of that nice country, and the notes of the journey I sent you. Let me know if you want it” (6 March, 1918), “You said I owe a paper – Here is one of the Cape to Cairo fetish [?] <…> Would it do also to incorporate as a chapter in the book?” (9 March, 1918). Several letters reveal the negotiation process with prospective publisher Edward Arnold: he is first mentioned in a letter from 9 July 1917. Almost a year after, on 1 May 1918 Sharpe writes to Colles that Arnold wants him to rewrite the manuscript and make “a fresh book”. Throughout the next five letters continues the discussion about Sharpe’s royalty: the author wanted “20 % and £200 down” and then was ready “to go down to the South coast & shut myself up for 2 to 3 months & make the thing to work”. The outcome on 21 May was unfavourable, Sharpe writing: “It is not sufficiently attractive for me to go in for four months hard work. Moreover it is a form of agreement which would bend me to write, but leaves A. Open to publish or not according to when he likes, and if paper goes to his price. Will you kindly inform him that I can not consider his offer”. Note: Sharpe’s book was eventually published in 1921 by H.F. & G. Witherby under the title “The Backbone of Africa: A record of Travel During the Great War, with Some Suggestions for Administrative Reform."
Other letters from the collection reveal a number of different interesting subjects: Four letters touch on the idea of post-war international administration of the Equatorial Africa suggested by the Labour Party, the idea which Sharpe was a passionate opponent of: “What on earth the Labour Gentlemen have to do with our African possessions <…>”; Their idea of a mixed up Africa governed by a mixed up international Govt is of course a farce. Does anyone really looks on it seriously?” (2 Jan, 1918). The other letters are dedicated to the article by H.G. Wells which supported the Labour’s idea and was published in the Daily Mail (30 Jan 1918) under the title “The African Riddle”. Sharpe wrote a reply article for the Daily Mail for 1000 words, and another one for 3500 words – and is asking Colles to find a magazine to publish it (5 Feb, 1918). From the next letter we get to know that it went to the “Land and Water” magazine (10 Feb, 1918).
Six letters dated October-December 1917 contain some interesting contemporary observations on the events in the Balkans theatre of WW1, e.g. Extensive notes on the “present German actions in Greece” also discusses Greek Prime-Minister Eleftherios Venizelos (31 Oct); letter about the British politics regarding Bulgaria and its desire to ally with the Entente (2 Nov); description of Sharpe’s private meeting with Venizelos when the conditions of Bulgaria’s alliance with the Entente were discussed (15 Nov); or thoughts about the future of the Balkan and Mediterranean fronts: “It is now sticking out for anyone to see that Germany, after she has done what she can in Italy, will send her spare army down to the Balkans, & make a big effort to force us out to the sea. After that she will go for Mesopotamia & Gaza. And how can we do anything there to stand up to her? – These many fronts are our weakness” (6 Nov).
William Morris Colles (1865-1926) was English literary agent, the founder and managing director of The Authors' Syndicate, Ltd. (1890); a Member of the Council of the Society of Authors, and of the Copyright Association. His extensive correspondence with numerous writers is held in several depositories, including the library of UCLA (correspondence with James Barrie, Arnold Bennett, E. F. Benson, R. Haggard, and S. Maugham), and the University of Columbia (Thomas Hardy, Alfred Ollivant, John Pendleton, William H. Rideing, Peter Kropotkin and others).
20. [CHINA - COSTUMES]
THRING, Alicia Anne (1783-1862)
[Twenty Watercolours of Chinese Subjects, the Majority Showing Chinese Costumes, Mounted on Seven Album Leaves].
Clifton, Bristol, June 25th 1824. Watercolours on card ca. 11x10 cm (4x4 in) or slightly smaller mounted on seven large Quarto (29x22,5 cm) album leaves, all but three captioned in manuscript ink. One watercolour and caption loose, loose watercolour signed and dated "Alicia Anne Thring June 25th 1824." Overall the collection is in very good condition.
Thring is an artist known for her fine botanical studies. The present charming Chinese costume watercolours are of a similar quality and the subjects include: Kien Long Emperor of China; Grand Lama; Mandarin; Chinese Soldiers; A Tartar Soldier; Another Tartar Soldier; Riding Barrow of a Tartar Lady; Cormorants Fishing; Chine Working Man - Chinese Peasant; Mahometan Woman & Son; Mandarin of the Fifth Class; Chinese Stage Cart; A Bonze Performing his Vow; A Chinese Lady; A Young Licentiate, Sedan Chair of the Prime Minister; Tartar Woman & Child, Tao-Tse.
21. [CHINA - LANZHOU]
FILCHNER, Wilhelm (1877-1957)
[Original Unsigned Ink Drawing Titled in Pencil on Verso:] ".., bei Lantschou..,"
Ca. 1905. Ink drawing on thick paper ca. 23x35,5 cm (9x14 in). Recently matted, with some repair of marginal chipping and one repaired tear in margin, but overall in good condition.
This well executed ink drawing shows a temple complex near Lanzhou. Lanzhou "is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province in Northwest China" (Wikipedia). This ink drawing was created by an artist under Filchner's direction after a photograph made by Filchner enroute to Tibet on his 1903-5 "expedition to Tibet to carry out geomagnetic and topographical surveys on the high plateau. In addition to its scientific work the expedition carried out a significant intelligence-gathering role and was contemporaneous with similar missions by Francis Younghusband and others" (Howgego, 1850-1940 Polar Regions etc., F6).
22. [CHINA - SECOND OPIUM WAR]
WYNNIATT, Commander Robert James, R.N. (1830-1860)
[An Autograph Content Rich Letter Signed Robert Wynniat Addressed to his Sister Lot, from on Board H.M.S. “Nimrod”, Shanghai, Dated Sunday July 15th , Talking about Recent Events in the Second Opium War (1856-1860)].
H.M.S. “Nimrod”, Shanghai, July 15th . A bifolium (ca. 25x20 cm), written on 3 pages and addressed on the fourth page, Cirencester cancel dated Sp. 20 1860. Dark brown ink on bluish wove paper, original fold marks, some mild toning of address page but overall written in a legible hand and in very good condition.
This letter, written from H.M.S. Nimrod at Shanghai, discusses the war in China: "Operations have not yet commenced in the North so that until then it is impossible to say how long it will take before peace is restored but however I do not yet despair of being able to leave China before the end of the year. I fancy Lord Elgin is just as anxious to get matters over as anybody else that has spent any time in China.., The Rebels have been making great progress near here lately and the bloodshed & murder has been according to all accounts something frightful."
In 1857 Wynniatt became Lieutenant-Commander of HMS Plover, an Albacore-class wooden screw gunboat launched in 1855, serving in the Far East. In 1859, during the Second Opium War (1856-1860), he was given acting command of HMS Nimrod (a six-gunner). Nimrod took part in at the Second Battle of Taku Forts (1859), an unsuccessful attack on heavily defended forts at the mouth of the Pei-ho river (in which Wynniatt's former posting HMS Plover was sunk). Wynniatt was mentioned in Rear-Admiral James Hope's dispatches. At the end of the war Nimrod sailed for England, first taking the news of the successful negotiations at the end of the War to Australia. However Wynniatt died on route and was buried at Galle, Sri Lanka. He was only 30 years old, apparently weakened by his earlier adventures in the Arctic.
As a young lieutenant in 1850 he was mate during Robert McClure's expedition in search of Franklin and the Northwest Passage. When their ship became ice-locked, Samuel Gurney Cresswell and Wynniatt "accompanied a sledging party led by Richard Roche, a mate on the resolute, back to the North Star at Beechey Island. [They] and a few invalids from the investigator found their way back to England the same year in the supply ship Phoenix under Edward Augustus Inglefield, effectively becoming the first Europeans to travel through the Northwest Passage"(Howgego 1850-1940, Polar Regions B15). Wynniatt won an Arctic Medal for his service. Poulsom & Myres p. 342. However during the expedition he was badly affected by scurvy; both he and Cresswell suffered ill-health for the rest of their careers and died at a young age.
23. [CHINA - XINING]
FILCHNER, Wilhelm (1877-1957)
[Original Signed (Illegibly) Ink Drawing Titled in Pencil:] "Haupttor von Si-Ning-Fu" (Main Gate of Xining).
Ca. 1905. Ink drawing on thick paper ca. 16x26 cm (6 ½ x 10 ½ in). Recently matted, with a minor tear of blank margin, but overall in very good condition.
This well executed ink drawing shows the main gate at Xining, China. "Xining has a history of over 2,100 years and was a chief commercial hub on the Hexi Corridor caravan route to Tibet, handling especially timber, wool and salt in ancient times. The trade along the Hexi Corridor was part of a larger trade corridor along the Northern Silk Road, whose use was intensified in the 1st century BC after efforts by the Han dynasty to control this route" (Wikipedia). This ink drawing was created by an artist under Filchner's direction after a photograph made by Filchner enroute to Tibet on his 1903-5 "expedition to Tibet to carry out geomagnetic and topographical surveys on the high plateau. In addition to its scientific work the expedition carried out a significant intelligence-gathering role and was contemporaneous with similar missions by Francis Younghusband and others" (Howgego, 1850-1940 Polar Regions etc., F6).
HOOK, W[illliam] E[dward] (1833-1908) & HIESTAND, J[oseph] G[onder] (1860-1916)
[A Collection of Twenty-Two Original Cabinet Photographs of the Manitou and Pike's Peak Railway].
Colorado Springs, ca. 1895. Twenty-two albumen cabinet photographs mounted on original heavy card stock, each ca. 19x11 cm (7 ½ x 4 ½ in), fourteen stamped W.E. Hook on verso, four J.G. Hiestand, two U.S. Signal Station and two unmarked. Some very mild fading of some images, but overall a very good collection of sharp images.
"The Manitou and Pike's Peak Railway is a cog railway, "climbing the well-known mountain Pikes Peak. The base station is in Manitou Springs, Colorado near Colorado Springs.
The railway is the highest in North America by a considerable margin. It was built and is operated solely for the tourist trade. The railway was started by Zalmon G. Simmons, inventor and founder of the Simmons Beauty Rest Mattress Company. The company was founded in 1889 and limited service to the Halfway House Hotel was started in 1890. The summit was reached the following year" (Wikipedia).
The views in this collection document the early years of operation of the railway and include: Minnie-ha-ha Falls, Pike's Peak Trail; Green Mountain Falls; The Three Lower Falls, Cheyenne Canon; Royal Gorge; Mother Grundy, Garden of the Gods; Pike's Peak Railroad, Gravel Slide; Devil's Punch Bowl, Glen Eyrie; Seven Falls, Cheyenne Canon; Silver Cascades, North Cheyenne Canon; Pike's Peak from Mt. Eleanor; Gateway, Garden of the Gods; Manitou Springs, Colorado; Summit of Pike's Peak, Rose Emma Falls; The Loop C.C.R.R., Georgetown Colorado; The Peak from Pilot Knob; Above Timber Line; Looking Down from Timber-Line etc.
In April 1885, Hook established a photography studio in Manitou Springs, Colorado.., Over the years, Hook specialized in marketing landscape views of Colorado to tourists.., [Hook] also operated a boarding house for tourists until 1890, when the construction and operations associated with the Manitou and Pike’s Peak Railway – a steep grade railway from Manitou Springs to the summit of Pikes Peak – prompted the family to relocate to Colorado Springs" (http://drs.library.yale.edu).
Hiestand "was well known for his photography of the Pikes Peak area, [and] was the official photographer for the Manitou and Pikes Peak Railway" (minrec.org).
25. [CRIMEAN WAR]
[DURAND-BRAGER, Jean-Baptiste Henri] (1814-1879)
[Album with Forty-One Original Watercolors, Fifteen Original Pencil and Pen Drawings, Six Original Photographs, and Four Lithographed Plates, with a Gilt Lettered Title of the Front Board:] Souvenirs de la Campagne de Crimée 1854-55-56.
Ca. 1854-1856. Oblong Elephant Folio (ca. 39,5x54 cm). Thirty-four beige and light brown album leaves (four blank). With forty-seven original drawings, all but six fully or partly hand coloured, the size is from ca. 7,5x7 cm (3 x 2 ¾ in) to ca. 19x30 cm (7 ½ x 11 ¾ in); fifteen mounted pen and pencil drawings from ca. 13,5x22 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) to ca. 15,5x47,5 cm (6 x 18 ¾ in), six mounted salt prints ca. 14x24 cm (5 ½ x 9 ½ in), and four tinted lithographed plates by Imp. Lemercier, image size ca. 21x33 cm (8 ¼ x 12 ¾ in). One pencil drawing is titled in pencil in French in the right lower corner, four dated in pencil in the lower corners: “23 avril,” “7 mai,” “1 mai,” “23 mai.” Period green quarter calf album with cloth boards and gilt lettered title on the front board. Covers with signs of old water stains, several leaves with mild staining, photos mildly faded, but overall a very good album with very interesting content.
Attractive historically significant album of original watercolour and pencil drawings, photographs and lithographs documenting the Crimean War and attributed to the “special artist of Bonapartism” Henri Durand-Brager, French painter and pioneer military photographer. The drawings and watercolours of the surroundings of Sevastopol were taken during his service at the theatre of the Crimean War as the official correspondent of “L’Illustration” newspaper. The album was most likely complied by Durand-Brager for presentation.
Skillful pencil drawings show the Crimean coast and interior – destroyed villages, Russian churches, French military camps, the Allied fleet in a Crimean bay, Sevastopol forts and neighbourhoods (destroyed streets), and others. A series of colourful watercolours are dedicated to the life of French and British military camps and shows their “streets,” scenes with soldiers at rest, next to their tents, near fire; there are views of the interiors of the tents; several watercolours and drawings portray French and British soldiers of different regiments; nine fine watercolours depict Russian soldiers of different regiments and Crimean Tatars. Six photographs taken together with his assistant Lassimonne (active 1850-1859) appear to be taken from Durand-Brager's paintings and show general views of the Crimean shore taken from the sea, or of the peninsula’s interior with destroyed villages, and groups of soldiers. The lithographs made after Durand-Brager's paintings from the series “Siege de Sebastopol” (Paris, Imp. Lemercier, lithographed by E. Eugens Ciceri) include: Batteries des Fusées (Pres de la Baie de Streletska). Attaques de gauche Mai 1855; Petit Mamelon vert ou du cimetière. Au fond du port du Sud (entre les attaques de gauche et celles Anglaises, Avril 1855); Fort Genois. Attaques le gauche, Mai 1855; Fort du Sud (dit de l’Arsenal). Attaques de gauche, Juillet 1855.
“In relevant encyclopaedias of artists, Henri Durand-Brager is predominantly listed as a marine painter, and he was trained as one, yet he was of lasting artistic importance not only in the field of painting but also in the field of reportage drawing. While the works of older artists such as Constantin Guys and Denis Raffet had marked out the basic coordinates of the trade of graphic correspondents, which had begun to slowly emerge with the start of the illustrated press, it was Durand-Brager, who with his entire habitus and flaunted adventurism shaped the role model of the professional pictorial reporter in all its diversity. <…>
With his style and characteristic handlebar moustache, Durand-Brager acted like the doublet of the new emperor, who now called himself Napoleon III. Durand-Brager accompanied his twenty-one-year reign as a pictorial court reporter, drawing him at his jubilation events and extensive tours through the French province and the Algerian colony and documenting his prestigious wars as a special artist and pioneer of war photography in the Crimea and Sardinia” (Roob, A. Henri Durand-Brager, Special artist of Bonapartism/ Melton Prior Institute for reportage drawing & printing culture, http://www.meltonpriorinstitut.org/pages/textarchive.php5?view=text&ID=123&language=English).
“Jean-Baptiste Henri Durand-Brager, a French marine painter, was born at Dol in 1814. He studied under Gudin and Eugène Isabey, and in 1840 accompanied the fleet which brought Napoleon's remains from St. Helena, which island afforded him subjects for various pictures. He spent much of his time in travelling; he went to Buenos Ayres with the squadron, and explored Uruguay and Brazil; he accompanied the expeditions to Tangiers and Mogador, and to Madagascar, and he was in the Crimea during the war with Russia. He painted views of the places he visited, and also naval combats and sea-pieces. He died in 1879. There are several of his works in the galleries of Versailles” (Wikipedia).
Durand-Brager was made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 1844 and became an officer in 1865. His works are in many British and French museum collections today, notably Versailles, which has several paintings from a series he made on the Siege of Sebastopol.
[Collection of 63 Original Photographs of Egypt].
Ca. 1900. Mounted on 14 grey card leaves 63 gelatin silver prints each ca. 9x14,5 cm (3 ½ x 6 in) and slightly smaller, each captioned in black ink on mounts. Overall a very good collection of strong vivid images with only a few photographs mildly faded.
The vivid and interesting photos in this collection include views of: Street and market scenes in Cairo and Aswan including many Egyptians shown in traditional clothing; The tourist's bartering and buying souvenirs at various important tourist sites; Shepheard's Hotel, Cairo; The Sphinx and Pyramids; Avenue of Sphinxes, Thebes; Temple of Queen Hatasu; Thebes; Temple of Abydos, Nile; Dendera; Nile scenes including sailing vessels; Temple of Ramses; Khedive at Egypt at Review of Troops, Cairo; Colossi of Memnon; Karnak; Luxor; Valley of the Kings; Temple of Philae etc..,
The photographer, most likely an English tourist, took many lively shots on this Nile voyage and captured better than most what it was like to travel along the down the Nile as a western tourist at the turn of the 20th century.
[Album With 53 Original Photographs of Egypt Compiled by Millie & Hamilton Johnstone from Dec. 1918 - Jan. 1919].
1918-9. Oblong Octavo (14x21 cm). 27 grey card leaves. With 53 mounted postcard sized gelatin silver prints each ca. 8,5x13,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in), many with detailed captions in pencil on mounts. With an ownership inscription in black ink on the front free fly-leaf. Period brown blind stamped cloth album. Rebacked in style, but overall in very good condition with interesting strong images.
This album documents a winter Nile voyage from Luxor to Aswan and includes images of Karnak (13) including Sacred Lake, Avenue of Sphinx, entrance to big temple, gateway, great hall, pillars, statues and reliefs; Thebes (20 including Colossi of Memnon, Tombs of Kings and Queens with many interior views of reliefs and wall paintings etc.; Aswan (20) including Temple of Kolumbo with reliefs, Philae, First Cataract, early view of dam, local people and their settlements, etc. Overall an interesting tourist album of Upper Egypt during the time of Howard Carter's famous excavations.
FERRIER PERE, FILS ET SOULIER, LEON & LEVY SUCCRS. [Collection of Twelve Glass Stereo views of Egypt, Showing Mosques and Markets of Cairo, Cleopatra’s Needle in Alexandria before it was Moved to New York in 1880, the Temples of Karnak, Abu Simbel, Edfu and Philae (before it was flooded with the Construction of the Aswan Low Dam in 1902), and the Great Pyramids of Giza]. Ca. 1860 - early 1870s. Twelve glass slides, each with a pair of stereo views, ca. 7,5x7,5 cm (2 ¾ x 2 ¾ in). Each slide with a number and title in French on the lower margin, one signed “Ferrier p.f. & Soulier Leon & Levy Succrs.”. Overall a very good collection.
Nice collection of attractive well preserved glass stereo views of Egypt issued by one of the largest French photographic firms (specializing in stereo views) founded by Claude-Marie Ferrier (1811-1889) and Charles Soulier (1840-1875). By the time these views were issued, the company was owned and operated by Ferrier & Soulier’s former employees Moise Léon and Isaac George Lévy.
Four views of Cairo show the Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Ţulun (numbered 8688, signed “Ferrier p.f. & Soulier Leon & Levy Succrs.”), interior of the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan (654), Cairo Necropolis (8677), and camel market (653). A view of the Cleopatra’s Needle in Alexandria (631) shows the obelisk which was presented by the Khedive to the United States in 1877 and was moved to New York in 1880. There are also views of the Great Hypostyle Hall of the Karnak Temple (685), the Colossi of Memnon (682), the facade of the Abu Simbel Temple (657), panorama with the Great Pyramids of Giza (660), general view of the temple of Edfu (8798), and two views of the Philae Temple (674 and 678) before it was flooded with the construction of the Aswan Low Dam in 1902.
“The French photographic firm of Ferrier, Soulier, Lévy (FSL) produced a vast library of stereographic views in glass of mostly European monuments and sites during the second half of the nineteenth century. <…> Although FSL did from time to time produce paper stereographs, it was their superb glass stereographs which made the firm famous and rich. Their views are universally regarded as the finest product of stereography. They produced a sense of depth that stunned first-time viewers, including Queen Victoria, at the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. What set the glass stereograph apart from all other kinds of stereo views – paper, tissue, daguerreotype – was the albumen-on-glass process, which offered a brilliant, very sharp, superbly contrasty and glisteningly transparent image. Viewed in direct light, it was incomparably superior to the paper stereograph, which like the stereo daguerreotype could only be viewed by reflected light. <…> [After the firm had been purchased by Léon and Lévy] Production of the highest quality of glass stereographs continued unabated <…>. Another general catalogue was published in 1870 under the Léon and Lévy imprimatur, and included views from the first two general catalogues, plus nos. 7001-10027. Léon disappeared from the FSL firm in 1872, when the company assumed a new name: “J. Lévy & Cie.” Lévy and later his sons ran the firm for almost a half-century, until its fusion with Neurdein in 1920” (Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography. Vol 1. A-I. New York, 2008, p. 851-852).
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Birdseye View of Florence Titled:] Florentia nobilissima Hethruriae civitas, deformata ad nostra tempora.
Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 26x36 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
One of the earliest obtainable birdseye views of Florence by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. The major historical landmarks of Florence present in the sixteenth century are easily identifiable.
[Collection of Fifteen Albumen Stereoviews of Florida from the America Illustrated Tropical Series].
Ca. 1875. Fifteen yellow thick cards with a pictorial printed boarders. Fifteen albumen stereoviews each ca. 10x14,5 cm (4 x 4 ½ in) All mounted on original thick card, all captioned in negative. Overall a very good collection of strong, sharp and interesting images.
The rare views include: Jacksonville: St. James Hotel (2), Windsor Hotel, Palmettos near Jacksonville (2); St. Augustine: City & Sea Wall, Entrance to Ft. Marion, Date Palms; Alexander Mitchel's Estate; Steamboat Landing Arlington; Harriett Beecher Stowe's Winter Residence, Mandarin; Rogers Landing, Ocklawaha River; Ancient Spanish Governor's Residence; Claredon Hotel at Green Cove Springs; Love in a Cottage. From the estate of Alfred I. duPont (1864-1935), "American industrialist, financier, philanthropist and a member of the influential Du Pont family" (Wikipedia).
TURNER, Captain Henry A. Royal Artillery (Active 1849-1853)
[Two Watercolour Panoramas each on four Joined Sheets Titled: "St. Georges, Grenada from Hospital Hill," & "View of the Harbour, St. Georges, Grenada, from Belmont Hill." Dated on verso 1852.]
1852. Each panorama ca. 18x54 cm (7 ½ x 21 ½ in). Both watercolour panoramas consisting of four sheets of paper joined with strips of linen and overall in very good condition. Recently matted.
These two attractive and skillfully executed pencil and watercolour panoramas, each on four sheets of paper, are part of a series of studies by Captain Turner for two hand coloured lithograph views:"View of the Town and Harbour, St. George's, Grenada, West Indies taken from the hill above Belmont, showing the barracks and Richmond Hill on the right and Fort George on the left," & "View of the Harbour, St George's, Grenada, W.I. Taken from Fort George," both published by Ackermann & Co., London 1852. The panoramas are from larger collection of watercolours and drawings of which several were signed with initials 'H.A.T.' on the mounts, and the majority were titled and dated 1851-52. "St. George's is the capital of Grenada. The city is surrounded by a hillside of an old volcano crater and is on a horseshoe-shaped harbor" (Wikipedia).
32. [HONG KONG]
[Album with Twenty Original Albumen Photographs Including Hong Kong (11), Alexandria (3) and Venice (6)].
Ca. 1880. Quarto (31x28 cm). 26 beige stiff card album leaves. Twenty mounted large albumen photos each ca. 20,5x27 cm (8 x 10 ½ in) and slightly smaller. All captioned in manuscript pencil on album leaves. Period maroon full morocco album with blind stamped frames in gilt. Rebacked with recent simple maroon gilt titled cloth spine, extremities mildly rubbed, some images and mounts mildly foxed, but overall a very good album of sharp strong images.
The interesting images in the album include: Hong Kong (several panoramas, Free Mason's Hall, Public Gardens & Government House, Merchant Offices on Praya, City Hall & Cathedral, Parade Ground, Race Course, English Cemetery, etc.); Alexandria (several panoramas); Venice (Canal Grande, Panorama, Piazza San Marco, St. Mark's Cathedral, Tomb of Canova).
33. [INDIA - BHOPAL]
Earl Canning (Governor General 1856-1858, First Viceroy 1858-1862)
[The Historically Significant Canning Sunnad of 1862 Concerning the Bhopal Succession].
A single large sheet of parchment headed by the large inked seal of the Supreme Government of British India, written in fine palace script, setting out the British policy to secure the succession of Princely Houses ruling in the various states. It promises that, “in failure of natural heirs any succession to the Government of your State which may be legitimate according to Mahomedan Law will be upheld. Be assured that nothing shall disturb this agreement here made to you so long as your House remains loyal to the Crown, and faithful to the conditions of the treaties, grants and agreements which record its obligations to the British Government.” The Sunnad is signed “Canning” at the foot. Bound by stab stitching into a half cloth with patterned papered boards folder together with some dozen related pages of letters and documents in Persian script. One of these has some gold leaf additions and is additionally signed by the Political Agent A R E Hutchinson. A covering document is a true copy of a circular from Major R.I. Meade, Agent to the Governor General at Indore, to Major Hutchinson which accompanied the Sunnad as it was sent from the Viceroy. Some of the other documents are counter signed by Major Hutchinson.
In the light of future problems over disputed succession this document proved to be highly important and equally contentious, especially in the 1920’s when Nawab Sultan Begum named her only surviving son Hamidullah as her successor in conflict with accepted laws of primogeniture. The reference to remaining faithful, as Bhopal always had been, is particularly important in this early post Mutiny period when the Crown had just taken over all the East India Company’s powers. This document is one example of the close British attention to matters of succession in Indian states. In Bhopal the British wished to maintain the succession within the Orakzai tribe which had been so loyal to the Company and the Crown. Marriage and succession were to loom large in the relations between the Viceroy and the rulers of Bhopal during the rest of the century.The "Bhopal State was an independent state of 18th century India, a princely salute state in a subsidiary alliance with British India from 1818 to 1947, and an independent state from 1947 to 1949. Islamnagar served as the State's first capital, which was later shifted to the city of Bhopal. The state was founded by Dost Mohammad Khan, an Afghan soldier in the Mughal army who became a mercenary after the Emperor Aurangzeb's death and annexed several territories to his feudal territory" (Wikipedia).
34. [INDIA - CALCUTTA]
MEYNELL, Francis, RN, Lieutenant (1821-1870)
[Original Watercolour, Titled on Verso:] Calcutta from Garden Reach. HMS Calliope Saluting.
1841. Watercolour on paper, ca. 31x54 cm (12 x 21 ¼ in). Signed in ink "G. Meynell" in the left lower corner. Captioned and dated in pencil on verso by the artist. Recently mounted and matted. A very good watercolour.
The watercolour shows the British warship HMS Calliope going through the Garden Reach - the entrance to the port of Kolkata on the Hooghly River. "The port of Kolkata is the oldest operational port in India, having originally been constructed by the British East India Company, and it was the premier port in British India in the 19th century" (Wikipedia). The port’s buildings and a grand residence on the bank to the left, as well as a boat carrying two Europeans being rowed by Indians, are shown in the watercolour.
The time of the event shown by the artist is known to be August-September 1841 when HMS Calliope arrived to Kolkata from Canton with $6 million of ransom money taken during the marine operations of the First Opium War (1839-1842). HMS Calliope (28 guns, built in 1837) participated in the blockade of the mouth of the Pearl River and operations at Canton in 1841. Circa Aug 1841 it departed for Calcutta with the bulk of the Canton ransom money (See: Clowes, W.L. The Royal Navy: A History from the Earliest Times to the Present. In 7 vols. Vol. 6. London, 1901. P. 294).
The artist, Francis Meynell, was a midshipman on Calliope (See: Allen, J. The New Navy List and General Record of the Service of Officers of the Royal Navy and Royal Marines. London, 1853. P. 146).
"Meynell entered the navy as midshipman during the campaign in China, on board the Calliope. He was mentioned for the assistance rendered at the capture on 13 March 1841 of the last fort protecting the approaches of the city of Canton" (National Maritime Museum (Greenwich) on-line). [Later he served as] mate in the Penelope during anti-slavery operations off the west coast of Africa, [and was promoted Lieutenant in 1846]. During the Crimean War 1853-55 he served on HMS Royal George. His illustrated journal mostly dedicated to the Baltic campaign of the Crimean War (1853-55) is now in the collection of the National Maritime Museum (Greenwich).
35. [INDIA - CAWNPORE]
NAPIER, Sir Charles James, General (1782-1853)
[Autograph Letter Signed “C. Napier” to “My Dear Jackson” Regarding the Prosecution of Captain William Charles Hollings of the Native Infantry].
Simla, 25 April 1850. Octavo bifolium (ca. 20,5x13,5 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on pale blue writing paper, blind stamped monogram in the left upper corner. Mild fold marks, ink very slightly faded, but overall a very good legible letter.
An interesting private letter written by Sir Charles James Napier in Simla while the Commander-in-Chief of India (1849-1851). Napier was notable for the conquest of the province of Sindh for British India in 1842-43, and served as the Governor of the Bombay Presidency in 1843-47. His posthumously published work 'Defects, Civil and Military of the Indian Government' (Westerton, 1853) which unveiled tensions between British and native residents in India was considered prophetic in the light of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
This letter relates to the court-martial of Captain William Charles Hollings, 47th Native Infantry, who was tried at Cawnpore on the 11th of January 1850. Hollings was accused on three charges and was eventually found guilty on all three of them (for being in a state of intoxication while on duty as a Superintending Officer of a Native Court of Requests; for using abusive language and striking an opponent in court; and for being drunk at an inspection parade of his regiment). Hollings was sentenced to be cashiered, but was recommended by the court to Sir Napier as the Commander-in-Chief who could grant him a pardon on the grounds of “his long service and high character”. Napier decisively rejected the pardon, which apparently caused Hollings’ indignation and some public actions (More details about Hollings’ case see: Records of the Indian Command of General Sir Charles James Napier, G.C.B. Calcutta, 1851, p. 108).
The letter obviously gives Napier’s reaction to the Hollings’ case: “My dear Jackson, I am very much obliged to you for your opinion about Mr. Hollings, I had half worked myself up to prosecute the fellow, but it was uphill work as I never felt the least angry at anything he said and I only thought of the prosecution as a matter of dignity and propriety; now as I am never either dignified nor very proper, except when I go to church, I will take your advice by telling Mr. Hollings and his letter go to ---- together.”
36. [INDIA - MUMBAI]
MASON, George Nelson Pomeroy, Commander, Indian Navy (1828-1890)
[Six Original Watercolour Views of Bombay Harbour and the Konkan Coast].
. Six watercolours on watermarked laid paper. Four watercolours ca. 11 to 14 x36,5 cm (4 ½ to 5 ½ x 14 ¼ in), one watercolour ca. 17,5x25 cm (6 ¾ x 10 in), and a large sepia watercolour ca. 25,5x36 cm (10 x 14 ¼ in). One watercolour captioned in ink, one captioned and dated in pencil; one - with additional watercolour sketch on verso. Recently matted. A very good collection.
Six atmospheric watercolours of Bombay harbour and the surrounding Konkan coast, drawn by an officer of the Indian Navy George N.P. Mason. He served in the Bombay Presidency for over twenty years, starting as a midshipman in 1842 and retiring at the rank of Commander in the early 1860s. The “East India Register and Army List for 1854” reported of Mason as a midshipman on a steam packet vessel Feerooz (8 guns, launched in Bombay in 1846); and in 1858 he was already listed as a Lieutenant-Commander of a schooner Georgiana (launched 1855), tender to sloop Clive, Persian Gulf (Colburn’s United Service Magazine for 1858, p. 802).
The watercolours apparently created during Mason’s service as a midshipman on Feerooz include four panoramic views and a large black sepia watercolour of Bombay harbour and the coast, with native sail boats at sea and distant mountainous shoreline in the background. There is also a colourful view of the Funnel Hill (Karnala Fort) – a 13th-century Indian coastal fortification, in possession of the British East India Company since 1818. Dated 23 April 1855, the watercolour was drawn at “3 p.m., after a very rainy morning”. “For rounding the Prong and entering the harbour, a good mark in clean weather is the Funnel Hill, remarkable by a rock on it resembling a chimney, and is situated behind Caranja Island, about 18 miles eastward from Bombay Castle” (Bombay Harbour and the circumjacent land, with sailing directions// India Directory, or Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies… Vol. 1. London, 1826, p. 342).
37. [INDIA - UDAIPUR, SIMLA ETC.]
[Two Photo Albums with 94 Original Photographs of Northern India].
Ca. 1910. Quarto, 2 vols. Albums with 12 leaves and generally with 4 photos per leaf. With 94 mostly glossy silver gelatin photographs ca. 11x17 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in). Images captioned in white ink on mount. Two green period gilt tooled half morocco alums with green cloth boards. Albums rebacked to match. About a dozen images yellowed and faded but the rest are strong unfaded images.
Interesting photo-documentation of travels through northern India, the images include views of: The outward voyage with Aden; Manik Bagh in Indore; Luggage being transported at Indore station; the state stables; Udaipur; Hotel Cecil, Agra; Ambala; a station on the Simla-kalka railway; monkies on roofs, Simla; Mashobra; the Kashmir Gate in Delhi; an ancient minstrel in Kutab; Bhopal Station; Beaters in Bhopal; Sanchi; a mortar mill in Meerut; Sardhana; homeward journey with Messina & Reggio, etc.
38. [INDIA - VARANASI]
JACKSON, Welby Brown (1802-1890)
[Original Watercolour View of Benares (Varanasi)].
Ca. 1856. Watercolour and pencil on cardboard, heightened in white, ca. 42x58 cm (16 ¾ x22 ¾ in). Later pencil caption "Welby Jackson. 1856. Benares" on verso. Recently matted, near fine, bright watercolour.
This beautiful view of Benares shows the River Ganges with white temples and ghats in the background, and clothes washers on the riverbank in the foreground. The right part of the picture details a wooden bridge spanned across the Ganges, with bull carts crossing.
Welby Jackson was an official in British India in the first half of the 19th century. He was noted to be in Calcutta in 1823 and held the office of Judge of Sudder Court there; in 1826 he was appointed Register to the Nizamut Adawlut for the Western Provinces at Allahabad (The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Regicter for British India and its dependencies. Vol. XXII. London, 1826. P. 469). The beginning of 1860's sees him back in Buckinghamshire, England (see The Peerage, A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe, on-line).
Two of Jackson’s sepia sketches of the city of Gaya (Bihar, India) executed in 1830 are now in the Asia, Pacific and Africa collections of the British Library.
39. [INDONESIA, ETC.]
DELISLE, Guillaume (1675-1726)
[Map of the East Indies Titled:] Carte des Indes et de la Chine dressée sur plusieurs relations particulieres rectifiées par quelques observations par Guillaume de l'Isle de l'Academie Royale des Sciences.
Amsterdam: Jean Covens et Corneille Mortier, ca. 1730. Copper engraved map ca. 61x62,5 cm (24x25 in). Borders hand coloured in outline. Map with original folds, some mild age toning and edge wear, but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
Guillaume De l'Isle was the pre-eminent French mapmaker of the 18th century, and "one of the key figures in the development of French cartography, he strongly believed in accuracy. During his lifetime his one hundred or more maps were constantly updated to reflect widening knowledge of the World" (Tooley Mapmakers A-D, p. 353). "This large, attractive map covers the vast region extensively explored by the Europeans with particular emphasis on the trade routes on the mainland and the islands of the Philippines and the East Indies. In Japan, Hokkaido (Terre d' Yeco ou d'Eso) is attached to the Asian mainland, and the Sea of Japan is named Mer Orientale ou Mer de Coree. Korea is correctly shown as a peninsula, although much too wide. The mythical Lac de Chiamay appears in present-day Burma with several rivers flowing south. The map is filled with details of towns, roads, rivers and topography" (Old World Auctions).
[Two Detailed Manuscript Testimonials of a Voyage of the Merchant brig Jane to the West Indies in 1780, and the Circumstances of Her Shipwreck during the Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane, Notarially Certified in Montego Bay and London; With a Period Copy of Jane’s Portledge Bill for 1781].
Montego Bay (Jamaica) - London, 1780-1781. Three Folio Manuscripts (ca. 44x28 cm, ca. 40x26 cm and ca. 36,5x22 cm) folded to Octavos. 3, 1 and 3 pp each. Each brown ink on watermarked laid paper, each docketed on the last blank page. Two signed by deponents and notaries, one with two tax stamps and a notarial seal. Fold marks, but overall very good and legible documents.
Interesting collection of three original manuscripts revealing the story of the voyage of British merchant brig Jane to the West Indies in 1780 and her experience of the Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane on 3 October 1780, during which she was considerably damaged and a large part of her cargo was lost. The documents include an affidavit, compiled in Montego Bay (Jamaica) on 10 January 1781 and signed by Jane’s Commander James Jones, first mate William Barrey and boatswain Sever Brown. The affidavit was witnessed before Samuel Mottershed, Esq., a Justice for the parish of Saint James; and certified by Ralph Montague, Notary Public in Montego Bay (St. James parish, Cornwall County, Jamaica). The other document is a notarially certified “Declaration of a protest”, compiled after Jane’s return to Britain. The document is signed by James Jones and William Barrey and certified by a London notary on 31 August 1781. The last document is a period copy of Jane’s portledge bill, for the period from 30 January to September 1781, listing twenty-six crew members (including captain), their station, length of service, and amount of wages due and paid.
The affidavit and declaration of protest give a detailed account of Jane’s voyage to the Caribbean and the circumstances of her damage during the notorious Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane which struck Montego Bay where Jane had been moored, on 3 October 1780. Jane arrived to Kingston from London on 1 August 1780, under the escort of HMS Thunderer and other men-of-war; later that month she sailed for the Black River where she received a cargo of logwood, mahogany and pimento. In Montego Bay she was additionally loaded with sugar and rum. Whilst there Jane experienced a severe storm, and in spite of the attempt to find asylum in the mouth of the Great River, the brig drag both anchors and was driven to a reef where she was struck against the rocks many times. The ship was a wreck and couldn’t be taken off the reef for another three weeks. The cargo, anchors and guns were reloaded in order to lighten the ship, and when the time came to reload, it turned out that a large part of the cargo had been “washed about the beach owing to sundry gales of wind <…> and many pieces buried in the sand.” In spite of the “utmost endeavours” some part of cargo were never recovered.
Jane returned to Montego Bay on 27 January 1781 and on 17 March left the West Indies for London, in a convoy of ninety merchantmen, protected by HMS Edmont Graffton, Trident Bristol and Endymion. The long, five-month return trip was perilous, with her taking “a great deal of water <…> so as to keep the pump almost constantly going.” The next day after arrival the captain filed the present declaration of protest at the office of a London notary which solemnly stated: “I do protest against the Seas and bad weather, and particularly against the Violent Hurricane which the said Ship met with in Jamaica when taking on board her said Cargo as above mentioned for all Loss and Damage happened to the said Brig and Cargo;” he declared “that when the said Brig begun to take in her said Cargo at Jamaica aforesaid She was tight Staunch and Strong <…> and provided with all things needful for such a Brig and Voyage. That as well During the time the said Brig was on Shore in Jamaica as aforesaid, as at all other times, he this appearer and the Rest of the said Brig’s Company Exorted [sic!] themselves to the utmost of their Power and used their utmost Endeavours to preserve the said Brig and Cargo from Damage, so that what Loss and Damage hath happened to the said Brig and Cargo was intirely [sic!] occasioned by the means aforesaid and not through any insufficiency in the said Brig neglect of him appearer or any of his mariners.”
41. [JAPAN - NIKKO]
[Photo Album of 26 Original Photographs of Nikko, Japan].
Ca. 1890. Oblong Folio (28x38 cm). 26 leaves. 26 large photographs ca. 20,5x26 cm (8 x 10 ¼ in) mounted on 26 stiff cardboard leaves. All photographs numbered and captioned in negative, 15 photographs with custom made labels with type written text. Period brown gilt lettered half morocco with cloth boards neatly rebacked and re-cornered in style with new endpapers. Overall a very good album.
The album includes early large photographs of the main sites of Nikko, a mountainous resort approximately 140 km north of Tokyo, which became especially popular among foreign visitors in the end of the 19th century. "In 1890 first railway connection to Nikko was provided by the Japanese National Railways, which was followed by the Tobu Railway in 1929 with its Nikko Line" (Wikipedia). Nowadays Nikko is also a popular destination for Japanese and international tourists, famous for its ancient temples, tombs of great Japanese shoguns Tokugawa Ieyasu and Tokugawa Iemitsu, the Futarasan Shinto Shrine and numerous hot springs. The shrine of Nikko Tosho-gu, Futarasan Shrine, and a Buddhist temple complex Rinno-ji now form the UNESCO World Heritage Site Shrines and Temples of Nikko (Wikipedia).
The photographs show Hatsuishi Street (numbered 1197), the Sacred Bridge (748) leading to the Futarasan Shrine, Manganji Garden (1129 and 1132), and a large group of views of the Tosho-gu Shrine. The latter includes pictures of several gate: Ishidorii (740), Yomeimon (715 and 729), Karamon (733), Niomon (716), Torii (709), Eaimitsu (427); views of Five-storied pagoda (757), Eaimitsu temple (702), tomb of Iyeyasu shogun (710, 711, 714); a sculpture of Three Wise Monkeys (1052), stone lions of Tobikoye Shishi (1145), Korean bronze lantern (358), lavish wall carvings (761), buildings of Koro (739), Futatsudo (1147), Kaguraden (1210), Mizuya (713), an alley with stone idols (807) et al.
[Large Folding Map of Japan Titled:] Dai Nihon Koku Zenzu [Complete Map of Japan].
Tokyo: Bureau of Geography, Meiji 16 . Outline hand coloured copper engraved large folding map ca. 161x150 cm (61 ½ x 59 ½ in). Original beige linen covered boards with original printed paper labels. A couple of minor repaired tears and a couple of minor small stains but overall a very good map.
This large and very detailed map of the Japanese Empire has five inset plans & maps, which include Tokyo, Kyoto, Hakaido, Bonin Islands and the Amami Islands. This is an historically interesting map from the early Meiji era (1868-1912), which was an era in "which Japanese society moved from being an isolated feudal society to its modern form. Fundamental changes affected its social structure, internal politics, economy, military, and foreign relations. The period corresponded with the reign of Emperor Meiji after 1868, and lasted until his death in 1912." (Wikipedia).
[KUSAKABE, Kimbei] (1841–1934)
[Collection of Forty-Four Original Photographs of Japan].
Ca. 1880. Forty-four handcoloured albumen photographs each ca. 20x26 cm (8 x 10 ½ in), most titled in negative. Photographs mounted on both sides of original card mounts. Generally good strong images but with a few mildly faded ones, a few mounts with mild foxing but overall a very good collection.
The titled images in this collection include: 8. Kago, Travelling chair; 11. Palying Samisen Tsudzumi Fuye & Taiko; 67. Home Bathing; 80. Visiting Ceremonial; 84. Freight Cart; 87. Collie Winter Dress; 94. New Year's Ceremony; 97. Farmer's House; 123. Dancing Party; 131 Sumiyoshi Dance; 167. A Fiddler and the Guiteress; 172. Hair Dressing; 195. Street Amazake Seller, a kind of drink made of fermented rice; 217. Group of Children; 175. Dogashima; 934. Tennoji Pagoda at Osaka; 129. Yomeimon Gate Nikko; 233. Nunobiki at Kobe; 484. Daibutsu Nara; 509. Shijo Bridge at Kioto; 626. Main Street Tokio; 629 Cherry bank at Koganei; 901. Hozugawa, a Rapids at Kioto; 902. Hozugawa, a Rapids at Kioto; 917. Kinkakuji Garden at Kioto; 921. Kinkakuji Garden at Kioto; 1016. Enoshima; 1018. Daidutsu Bronze Image Kamakura; 343. Tennoji Temple Osaka; 1087. Lake of Biwa from Miidera; Jinrikisha, (Carriage), Osuwa; Burial Place, Nagasaki; Entrance to Nagasaki Harbour; Nagasaki Harbour; Bund, Nagasaki; Road to Mogi, (Tagami); Takaboko, (Pappenberg), Nagasaki; Nakashima-Gawa, Nagasaki; Budhist Temple, Nagasaki & five untitled images.
“Kusakabe Kimbei was a Japanese photographer. He usually went by his given name, Kimbei, because his clientele, mostly non-Japanese-speaking foreign residents and visitors, found it easier to pronounce than his family name. Kusakabe Kimbei worked with Felice Beato and Baron Raimund von Stillfried as a photographic colourist and assistant before opening his own workshop in Yokohama in 1881 in the Benten-dōri quarter, and from 1889 operating in the Honmachi quarter. He also opened a branch in the Ginza quarter of Tokyo. Around 1885, he acquired the negatives of Felice Beato and of Stillfried, as well as those of Uchida Kuichi. Kusakabe also acquired some of Ueno Hikoma's negatives of Nagasaki. He stopped working as a photographer in 1912-1913. Most of his albums are mounted in accordion fashion” (Wikipedia).
NAKAYAMA, Takashi (JAPANESE, 1893-1978)
[Four Framed Signed Japanese Watercolours Showing a Farmer in Winter; (Probably Same) Farmer and his Wife; A Woman with a Child in Winter; And (Probably Same) Woman and a Child].
Ca. 1920. Each watercolour ca. 31x16 cm (12x6 in) and signed T. Nakayama in lower right or left. Framed in simple gold gilt wooden frames, gilt with some minor rubbing, Watercolours (not examined out of frames) in very good condition.
Nakayama is well known for his watercolours showing rural Japanese people in everyday life scenes. These four attractive watercolours are good examples of his work.
PAAR, T[heodore] H.
[Photo Album with Ten Original Photographs of Kanchenjunga and Darjeeling].
Darjeeling, ca. 1900. With ten silver gelatin prints each ca. 21x28 cm (8 ½ x 11 in) Nine of the images with captions and photographers name in negative in lower margin. Period green cloth boards rebacked in green morocco. Photographs mounted on original card leaves, a couple mildly faded by overall in very good condition.
The captioned images included in this album are: #23. Kinchinjunga by Sunset; #85 Kinchinjunga from Phalut; #80 Kinchinjunga from Sandakphu; #78 Mt. Everest from Sandakphu; #79 Clouds from Phalut; #14 View from Senchal; #12 Kinchinjunga from Observatory Hill; #67 Darjeeling by moonlight; #42 Chinbatti Loop; one image of a statue not captioned. "Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m (28,169 ft) in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal that is limited in the west by the Tamur River and in the east by the Teesta River" (Wikipedia).
46. [KASHMIR & HIMALAYAS]
[Album with 99 Original Snapshots, Titled on Front Pastedown:] Two Months Wanderings in Kashmir, Jhelum Valley, Srinagar & the Himalayas, and Murree to Rawalpindi and N.W. Frontier. (September-November 1917).
1917. Octavo (ca. 22,5x17 cm). 24 card leaves. With 99 gelatin silver prints, the majority ca. 6x10,5 cm (2 3/8 x 4 1/8 in); with 11 images ca. 5,5x8,5 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. All photos captioned in white pencil on the mounts. Original green cloth “Newlyn” album, slightly rubbed on the extremities. About 40 images faded, one photo with creases and tears, but overall a very good album.
Interesting collection of original snapshots documenting a travel of a group of British officers and officials around Kashmir and the Northwestern Frontier during the last stage of the WW1. The first part of the travel started at the Bhurban camp (Punjab, modern Pakistan), from where the party drove up the Jhelum Valley road to Srinagar; among the snapshots are views of villages and locals in Kohala, Chinar, and Rampur. A series of Srinagar views numbers over twenty images, showing Amira Kadal Bridge in its initial wooden state (in was reconstructed in concrete in 1982), the Bund and the post office, Srinagar museum and banqueting hall, Maharaja’s Palace, 3rd Bridge and Hari Parbat fort, Hari Singh’s Palace, local dwellings named “the Shanks” et al; several views depict the Dal Lake and famous Nishat Bagh and Shalimar Bagh gardens nearby . There are also vivid portraits of Kargil peasants and local children named “mudlarks.”
The second leg of the travel was a hike to the Harmukh Mountain in northwestern Himalayas. Over 30 images illustrate the undertaking, with stunning views of the Tsurlat Pass, mountain ranges nearby, the Harmukh Mountain with its glaciers, Wangat Nala and ruins of a Hindu temple; portraits of coolies and the British travellers crossing streams, resting in camp and taking notes. The photos taken on the way back include views of Ganderbal and the Sind River, Lake Manesbal, Chinar Bagh, Takht-i-Suleiman Mountain, a bank of Jhelum showing old Kashmir road, portraits of Pathan peasants (Pashtuns), a marauder in the Bhurban camp, a caravan of “Barbary camels on a long journey” and others. Overall a very interesting collection.
[PANOV, Ivan N.]
[Collection of Thirty-Three Original Photographs of the Early Years of Soviet Kyrgyzstan, Showing First Steamers on Lake Issyk-Kul, Koisara and Jeti-Ögüz Resorts, Monument to Nikolay Przhevalsky at the Shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, and Over a Dozen Portraits of Kirghiz People Taken Near Przhevalsk (modern Karakol)].
Ca. 1929. Thirty-three loose gelatin silver prints from ca. 12,5x18 cm (5x7 in) to ca. 11,5x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ¼ in). One photo with a period pencil inscription in Russian on verso. Overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of early original photographs of views and scenes of Soviet Kyrgyzstan taken by talented Tashkent photographer Ivan Panov; many of his photos were printed as postcards by the State Art Publishing House (Izogiz) in the 1930s. Our collection shows the area near Przhevalsk (now Karakol) at the eastern tip of Lake Issyk-Kul and contains ten interesting photos of the first Soviet steamers on the lake. The construction of the “highest fleet in USSR” (1600 m above the sea level) started in 1925 at Jergalchak near Przhevalsk; our images include a general panorama of a bay of Issyk-Kul with the steamers in it, a view of several steamers at the wharf with the snow-capped mountains at distance, a scene of unloading logs on shore, and a series of four images depicting a steamer leaving the shore with the crowd of people watching it. Six photos depict Soviet camp type resort at Koisara (southern shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, 15 km away from Przhevalsk), showing a general panorama of the resort with the canteen and the yurts of the resort guests, close views of the yurts, the interior of the canteen, the resort guests at the canteen et al. There are also views of the monument to Nikolay Przhevalsky at the shore of Lake Issyk-Kul (about 9 km north of Przhevalsk), and of the famous Rock of Seven Bulls at the Jeti-Ögüz balneotherapic resort (southern shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, about 28 km west of Przhevalsk).
Over a dozen photos portray Kirghiz families and groups near Przhevalsk, shown next to their yurts, mounted on horses; women weaving a carpet; men with donkeys laden with firewood; a group of men mounted on horses on a street, women in beautiful native costumes, children, et al. Overall a historically significant visual archive of the early Soviet years in the region around Lake Issyk-Kul.
Ivan Panov actively worked for the State Art Publishing House (Izogiz), taking views of Central Asian cities and landscapes, as well as portraits of local people. Many of them were printed as postcards by the Izogiz in the 1930s (he is known for his views of Tashkent, Lake Issyk-Kul, Chelyabinsk, Moscow, Black Sea resorts and others).
TEMPLER, Charles Bertram, Major (1860-1931)
[Album of Twelve Original Watercolours of Ladakh].
Ca. 1886. Oblong Folio (28x37,5 cm). 5 leaves. Thirteen watercolours mounted on recto and verso of the card album leaves, including eight larger ones, ca. 17,5x25 cm (7x10 in) or slightly smaller, and five smaller ones, ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5x7 in). All watercolours captioned in ink on the lower margins of the album leaves, all but one are signed “CBT” and dated 1886 and 1909 in the lower left or right corners of the drawings. Manuscript title of the album on the first free endpaper “C.B. Templer. Octr. 1928. Exmouth. With sketches dating from 1886.” With a large cabinet portrait photo ca. 20x15,5 cm (7 ¾ x 6 in), captioned “Charles Johann” [?] in the right lower corner, mounted on the front pastedown. Period black half sheep with green pebble-grain cloth boards. Expertly rebacked in style, card mounts slightly age toned, otherwise a very good album.
An album of interesting watercolours of Ladakh (now a part of the Jammu and Kashmir State, India) executed by Major C.B. Templer of the Indian Army, 19th Regiment of Bengal Lancers (Fane’s Horse). He served in India in 1880-1893 and took part in the second Mirazai Expedition of 1891. During his service with the 19th Lancers Templer participated in the horse races and was the first holder of the Indian Grand National Trophy (Some reminiscences of Indian Sport// The Field, The Country Gentleman's Newspaper, Christmas 1922, p. 5). After the end of his career Templer lived in Execliff (Exmouth), actively travelled around Europe and also visited South Africa.
The album includes eleven accomplished watercolours made in Ladakh in 1886, during Templer's time in the Indian Army, including a view of “Leh, capital of Ladakh” with the Leh Palace in the centre and the Ladakh mountain range in the background, a panorama of a “Tartar Camp” near Ladakh with tents made of woolen blankets, portraits of a Buddhist Lama with the prayer wheel, Ladakh shepherd “Bipari, trader in sheep's wool,” and of a woman coolie. Five watercolours depict local animals, with expressive notes by Templer: “Ladakh Transport!! Yak, goat & sheep,” “Spiti Pony. Very hard, never shod!! Feet as hard as iron!!,” “Fighting Cock!,” “Watch dog - Guards the sheep, goats &c., protected by iron collars against Leopards, wolves &c.,” “Kyang – wild horse of Ladakh.” Another drawing shows the grave of Templer’s charger Sweetheart somewhere in the Ladakh hills, with a note: “She was with me for 18 years, was my Charger and won me eleven races!! She was perfection in every way!!” There is also a beautiful view of snow covered peaks of the Himalayas taken from the Narkanda mountain station near Simla. The last watercolour dated 1903 depicts a small bridge & stream at Rochefort, France. Overall a beautiful illustrative account on Ladakh.
[Collection of Five Large Signed Mounted Black and White Watercolours Showing Scenes of David Livingstone's Last Expedition Including his Meeting with Henry Stanley].
Ca. 1920. Watercolours each ca. 39x30 cm (15 ½ x 12 in), two captioned "Dr. Livingstone" in pencil on verso and two captioned in blue crayon "Advance copy" Page 110-1 & page 221 respectively on verso. Corners of mounts with some mild wear but overall the collection is in very good condition.
The five vivid and evocative watercolours show: Dr. Livingstone and Henry Stanley; An audience with an African Ruler; an East African slave caravan; Dr. Livingstone's canoe with three native rowers being capsized by a Hippopotamus; Dr. Livingstone waving good bye to Henry Stanley. Leo Bates was a prolific boys adventure book illustrator from about 1920 to 1950. He illustrated Coral Island, The Road to Mandalay, Elephant Swamp, Island Born: A Tale of Hawaii, The Lost Crown of Ghorapora, Peril on the Amazon, etc.., as well as illustrations for Wide World and Astounding Stories magazines. These watercolours are archetypes for illustrations in one of Bates' publications as evidenced by the notations on the verso of a couple of the watercolours.
50. [MEXICO - ICTACCIHUATL]
COVERLEY-PRICE, A. Victor (British, 1901-1988)
[A Grisaille Watercolour Signed "V. Coverley-Price" Titled:] Bivouac on Ixtaccihuatl (16,200 feet), Mexico.
Watercolour ca. 21,5x35 cm (8 ½ x 14 in), with typewritten title label mounted on verso. The watercolour, in period matting, is in very good condition with bright colours.
This attractive and skillfully executed watercolour by a listed artist known for his landscapes and urban scenes shows three mountaineers around a camp fire and two porters preparing to unload two pack horses to make camp, two other horses, most likely ridden by the mountaineers are tethered in the background. "Iztaccíhuatl is a 5,230 m (17,160 ft) dormant volcanic mountain in Mexico located on the border between the State of Mexico and Puebla. It is the nation's third highest, after Pico de Orizaba 5,636 m (18,491 ft) and Popocatépetl 5,426 m (17,802 ft)" (Wikipedia).
[Original Signed & Dated Watercolour of Porta Capuana in Naples, Italy].
1897. Watercolour on board, ca. 37,5x16,5 cm (14 ½ x 6 ½ in). Dated in pencil on the lower right. Watercolour under glass in a recent molded silver gilt wood frame. A very good watercolour. Watercolour not examined out of the frame.
This attractive skillfully executed watercolour shows the Porta Capuana before the top level was removed at the end of the 19th Century. "Porta Capuana is an ancient city gate in Naples.., The gate also gives name to the zone, which is one of the ten boroughs of Naples. This zone being part of the Fourth Municipality.
In spite of the name, the portal is not the ancient gateway to the decumanus maximus, the main east-west road that once led out of Roman Naples to Capua. When the city was extended eastwards in the 15th century as part of the construction of the new Aragonese city walls, the original gate, which had been closer to the castle of the same name, Castel Capuano, was rebuilt and relocated in 1484. Then when the walls were razed, the gate remained free-standing, giving it somewhat the air of a triumphal arch. The very beautiful carving on the 1484 facings consists of classically inspired trophies, flying Victories and other triumphal imagery. Just inside the gate, is the domed church of Santa Caterina a Formiello" (Wikipedia).
52. [NAPOLEONIC WARS]
[SMITH, Admiral Sir William Sidney] (1764-1840)
[Collection of Five Original Documents Related to the Career of Admiral Sir William Sidney Smith, Including a Naval Pass Signed by Smith as Minister Plenipotentiary at the Ottoman Porte and Commander of the British Naval Squadron in the Levant; Autograph Letter Signed by Smith to French General Duc de Maillé Regarding a Frenchman Relieved from Slavery in Algeria, and Three Other Original Notes and Letters Written by Smith or Addressed to Him; With: a Large Stipple Engraved Portrait of Smith printed on the same leaf with a Copper Engraved Scene of the Siege of Acre].
[Mediterranean] & Paris, ca. 1799, 1818, 1835-1838. Five documents of different size from Octavo (ca. 21,5x14 cm) to Folio (ca. 34,5x22,5 cm). In total 6 pp. of text. All documents in French. Brown ink on woven and laid paper, one note on decorative printed letterhead. Fold marks, paper slightly soiled and age toned, but overall a very good collection.
The portrait: London: Anthony Cardon, 1804. Stipple engraving by A. Cardon after the portrait by Rober Ker Porter. Printed on the same leaf with the "Siege of Acre" scene, engraved by James Mitan. Size of both images together: ca. 40x21 cm (15 ¾ x 8 ¼ in). Paper slightly soiled around edges, with minor creases on the right margin, otherwise a very good engraving.
Interesting collection of original manuscripts and a printed document authored by or addressed to Admiral Sir William Sidney Smith, famous British naval commander of the Napoleonic Wars. The earliest document dating ca. 1799 relates to the peak of Smith’s naval career – his service in the Mediterranean and successful defence of the fortress of Acre against the troops of Napoleon (20 March – 21 May 1799). The Siege of Acre was one of Napoleon’s few defeats and became the turning point in the French invasion of Egypt and Syria. The document is a naval pass, printed in French and signed by Smith who is titled as a Minister Plenipotentiary at the Ottoman Porte and a Commander of the British Naval Squadron in the Levant. The pass is unfilled, it bears an official Ottoman stamp, and a red wax seal under paper embossed with the British stamp; according to the note on the bottom margin it was issued by the order of Smith’s secretary John Keith. Noteworthy is the fact that Smith’s title given to him in 1799 and endowing him with both political and naval authority caused a conflict with his direct superiors Lord St. Vincent and Admiral Nelson.
Another interesting document is Smith’s recommendation letter written in 1818 and addressed to French General Charles-François-Armand, duc de Maillé (1770-1837). The letter discusses one Dumont, a French mariner who was released from slavery after being held captive in Algeria for many years. Smith asks for a possibility of a pension for Dumont, sharing his impression of the mariner: “His story is so simple and so detailed, his character even if simple, is so candid and truthful in all that I could check of him, that I have no doubt that he had been a castaway as he says on the coast of Africa onboard the Corvette Le Lievre, then a boy of 14 years of age, and a servant to the aide-de-camp of Mr. Duc de Maille…” The letter illustrates Smith’s active involvement in the anti-slavery and anti-piracy movement against the Barbary pirates of the southern Mediterranean in the 1810s.
Among the other documents related to the time of Smith’s residence in Paris later in life, is a manuscript note from Smith requesting for an audience with the Minister of Foreign Affairs regarding an urgent and important matter; a note to one “Mr. Sasa” who “has been invited by Admiral Sir Sidney Smith to review some lifesaving machines of his own inventions <…> He has also been granted permission to bring along with him some acquaintances of his who might take an interest in those devices” (dated 1838 and signed “W.S.S.”), as well as a letter to Smith, from his friend, apparently a free-mason who was unable to attend a gathering in the lodge owing to professional duties. Overall an interesting collection from the archive of a renowned hero of the Napoleonic Wars.
"Admiral Sir William Sidney Smith was the British admiral of whom Napoleon Bonaparte said, "That man made me miss my destiny" (Wikipedia).
53. [NAPOLEONIC WARS]
COUTINHO, Domingos António de Sousa, 1st Conde and Marquis de Funchal (1760-1833).
[Manuscript Document by a Notable Portuguese Diplomat, Reporting on Napoleon's 1800 Campaign in Italy, including the Battle of Marengo].
Livorno, 6 July 1800. Folio (36,5x24 cm). 10 leaves stitched together over pink ribbons; pink stitching in gutter mostly gone. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, text in Portuguese. Leaves 1-7 and the table of contents on verso of the last leaf written in neat and legible secretarial hand, leaves 8-9 – by Sousa Coutinho, with his name at the bottom of leave 9 (recto). With a leaf of a French manuscript text loosely inserted. Paper slightly age toned and with mild creases, but overall a very good manuscript.
This manuscript report by prominent Portuguese diplomat D. Domingo Antonio de Sousa Coutinho deals with Napoleon's 1800 campaign in Italy, including the siege of Genoa and the Battle of Marengo and its aftermath. The author, as a diplomat, was focused on the manoeuvrings that resulted in the Convention of Alexandria signed the day after the Battle of Marengo by Napoleon and Austrian General Michael von Melas. By the Convention, Austria ceded all Italy above the Mincio River to the French. Sousa Coutinho reports more briefly on the activities of the British fleet and military manoeuvres in various towns and regions of Northern Italy (Lucca, Bologna, Florence, Genoa, and elsewhere). These observations were made in the author's capacity as special envoy to the Court at Naples. There is a rather vague single-line reference (f. 2r) to "Mylord Nelson, Cavalheiro Hamilton e Miladi sua mulher".
The leaf laid in, in French, begins "Traduction literalle. J'ai reçu et mis sous les yeux de S.A.R. La Prince Regent notre Maitre votre Depeche." It relays orders to give "deux millions de Livres en pieces Portuguaises de 6.400 à la disposition du Gouvernement François."
D. Domingos António de Sousa Coutinho, a Portuguese diplomat and political figure, represented Portugal in Turin (1796-1803). Brother of D. Rodrigo de Sousa Coutinho, the first Conde de Linhares, he served for many years, with distinction, as Portuguese ambassador to the Court of St. James (1803-1814) and to Rome (1814-1818). In the civil war that was raging when he died, he lent his considerable support to D. Maria II. A member of the Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa and author of numerous works on diplomatic and political questions, he was responsible for the publication of the periodical “Investigador Português” in London, a counter blast to the “Correio Brasiliens”, edited by Hipólito José da Costa. From February 26 to July 4, 1821 he served as regent for the absent D. João VI. Sousa Coutinho was created Conde de Funchal in 1808 by the future D. João VI, acting as Prince Regent for his mother D. Maria I. Shortly before his death in England in 1833, he was made Marquês de Funchal by D. Pedro, former Emperor of Brazil, acting as regent for his daughter D. Maria II.
See Afonso Eduardo Martins Züquete, ed., “Nobreza de Portugal e do Brazil”, II, 629; also “Grande enciclopédia” XI, 964-5.
54. [OVERLAND TO INDIA]
[Early Interesting Unsigned Autograph Letter by a Resident of British India, addressed to One of the Strachey Baronets, with the Recommendations to his Cousin on the Best Way of an Overland Travel from England to India, via Vienna, Bucharest, Constantinople, Baghdad and Basra, Advising on the Routes, Dress, Luggage and Ways of Dealing with Native Guides].
[British India], ca. 1803-1806. Octavo bifolium (ca. 23,5x18,5 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on laid paper watermarked “1803.” Mild fold marks, but overall a very good letter.
Interesting content rich letter advising on the best way to travel overland from England to India via the Middle East. Compiled in India, most certainly by an officer of the East India Company, the letter contains some noteworthy comments on one of the two main overland routes to India – via Vienna, Constantinople, Baghdad, Basra and hence by sea to Bombay. Compiled relatively early for such a route, the letter is addressed to “Dear Strachey” (apparently one of the Strachey Baronets) and provides “a few hints for the purpose of enabling your cousin to get hither by land & I trust with less inconvenience than he would experience was he to start without being possessed of my information on the subject.”
The author advises to choose a route from Vienna to Constantinople via Hermannstadt and Bucharest, not the usual route via Prague and Belgrade as the latter one is unsafe. He also recommends to procure recommendation letters to the Governor of Hermannstadt and the British Agent in Bucharest, and to “not encumbering himself with much luggage, as there are parts of his trip where he will find it totally impossible to convey it; two small portmanteaus ought to contain all that he starts with from Vienna.”
“At Constantinople the Company’s Agent will provide him, with a Tatar’s dress (and I strongly recommend him to adopt it for many reasons) and also a Tatar to attend him. With this Tatar a bargain must be made to provide Horses, provisions and every thing required on the road, a part of which Sum is advanced at Constantinople, and the remainder paid at Bagdat, together with a present if the Tatar behaves well. He should on no account carry any money or any thing of value with him from Constantinople, for in his poverty consists his safety, or rather in the expectation of the Tatar to gain more by landing him is safety at the end of his journey that by destroying him on the road. He will obtain letters of credit at Constantinople to Sir Harford Jones at Bagdat, and Sir Harford will procure boats or other conveyances for him from Bagdat to Bassorah from where he will have many opportunities of coming to Bombay…”
“He must be prepared to meet with many difficulties, to undergo considerable fatigue, as he will be obliged to ride from Constantinople to Bagdat, and during which he will fare very badly indeed, - neither he can carry above six changes of linen in addition to his European stock in the before mentioned two portmanteaus. I carried no change!!! And never was any one so miserable, but I believe I should have suffered more from the encumbrance of much baggage.
From Constantinople he might take the route by Antioch to Aleppo and thence over the Great Desert to Bassorah, but I found this so much worse than that by Bagdat, that I do not recommend his attempting it. The route by Diarbekin, Mosul and Merd in to Bagdat is far preferable, villages and caravanserais are met with the whole way”.
Overall a very interesting letter.
Sir Harford Jones (1764-1847) mentioned by the author, was an East India Company assistant and factor at Basrah (1783-94), and its president in Baghdad (1798-1806). “He acquired great proficiency in oriental languages, and with the assistance of Robert Dundas's patronage he was appointed envoy-extraordinary and minister-plenipotentiary to the court of Persia, where he remained from 1807-1811. He was attached to the first Persian mission lead by Sir John Malcolm (1801). He remained in Tehran from 1809 to 1810, in the service of the Dundases. During this time his main achievement was the Preliminary Treaty of 1809 that effectively barred France from the route to India” (Harford Jones Collection/ Online Archive of California).
BRUCE, Sir Henry William, Admiral (1792-1863)
[Collection of 32 Autograph Letters Signed “Henry Bruce”, Including 16 Complete, Addressed to his Daughter Jane, the wife of a RN Officer John Alexander, Discussing Bruce’s Appointment to the RN Pacific Station, Crimean War, Various Naval Topics, South American Affairs, and Social News; with Four Original Envelopes and a Letter to Bruce from his Friends in Santiago Inviting him for Dinner].
London, Oxenford, Liverpool, HMS “Monarch” et al., ca. 1854-1859. Of those dated: 31 May 1858 – 20 December 1859. With four original envelopes, two with postal stamps dated ‘1848’ and ‘1852’. 12mo. In total over 120 pages of text. Brown and black ink on different writing paper (white, pale blue, laid paper). With a large folded undated letter to Bruce from his friends in Santiago (ca. 1854-57). Sixteen of the thirty-two letters incomplete, fold marks, paper of some letters slightly age toned, otherwise a very good collection.
Interesting collection of private letters written by Admiral Sir Henry William Bruce, KCB, a Commodore of the RN West African station in the early 1850s, Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Station (25 November 1854 – 8 July 1857), and Commander-in-Chief in Portsmouth (since 1860). During his service on the West coast of Africa, Bruce took part in the Bombardment of Lagos (1851) and signed the Treaty between Great Britain and Lagos suppressing the slave trade (1 January 1852). When the Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Navy Pacific Station, Bruce initiated the construction of a military hospital in Esquimalt which became the first on-shore establishment of the Esquimalt Royal Navy base; which in its turn became the headquarters of the Pacific Station in 1865.
The collection includes Bruce’s private letters to his daughter Jane Letitia Troubridge Alexander (nee Bruce) written during his service at the Pacific Station and after his return; the Admiral confides to Mrs. Alexander his plans and thoughts, and shares the latest news from the British navy and high society.
The earliest letters written in 1854 announce Bruce’s appointment to the Pacific Station: "I have got the Pacific Command and must go by the next W. Indies packet and over the Isthmus. The packets are now uncertain being taken up for Troops. The Brisk is to sail from Portsmouth in a few days; will Alexander [Jane’s husband, a naval officer, see more below] like to go in her round the Horn or to accompany me? <…> The Indefatigable is to be my Flagship <…> Your loving father Henry Bruce Pacificus" (undated, incomplete). “I am to proceed on the 9 Decr. In the Cunard Steamer which goes direct to New York from Liverpool, where it is desirable that I should see Mr. Crampton (the English Minister) and thence to Panama, Alexander will accompany me…” (25 Nov. ).
The second letter also contains an interesting note on the Crimean War and the fate of Sir Thomas St. Vincent Hope Cochrane Troubridge, who was severely wounded during the Battle of Inkerman: “I send you Col. Egerton’s account of St. Vincent. He was not with his Regt. Being Field Officer of the day on duty in a battery; he was sitting with his legs crossed, a round shot came and torn off both feet and part of one leg; he was operated on immediately under the influence of chloroform most successfully, and Graham saw him “so patient, so noble, and so brave, it brought tears to his eyes”; tho’ just come from tending his own numerous wounds. <…> St. Vincent himself writes that one foot will be saved. <…> The Russians seem to have had enough for a time".
Another letter relates to his service as the Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Station: “The Trincomalee has gone on from Hilo bay; the Packet is expected on Tuesday, and is of importance for Public News; the Monarch will await the mail here and then proceed direct to Vancouver Is.” (ca. 1855-1858).
Several letters relate to various South American affairs – “Castilla has landed in safely and […] in full pursuit of […]" (undated, regarding the Ecuadorian-Peruvian territorial dispute of 1857-60); “Logan tells me that Loyd is reinstalled in the Railway &c. Which shews good sense on the part of the Chilean Govt. That […?] Petrie managed to displace Roses; Logan went to the Comy. Here about it, and told them Rose was the most valuable servant of the two; he was told he came too late, but that Petrie must be at Callao, not Valpo. As he intended” (19 November 1858; regarding the Lima and Callao Railway Company); regrets about not being able to go to Lima - “my correspondence much increased by the late events” (undated, written on board HMS “Monarch”).
Other subjects include promotion of Jane’s husband John Richard Alexander (31 May 1858); naval career of Bruce’s youngest son “Jimmy” (future Rear Admiral James Minchin Bruce, 1833-1901); Bruce’s intentions to ask for a flagship “in the beginning of the next year” (20 December 1859); naval promotions, movements and deaths, i.e. “Fremantle gets the Channel fleet: a very bad and favouritism appointment. I am very glad it is not me,” “I see Tryon is appointed second of the Queen’s yacht…”; “If Alexander is not perfectly satisfied of the soundness of the ship, he ought to give her up and return to seek[?]; and not burthen himself with the responsibility of the valuable lives of so many men"; criticism of the Admiralty; Lord Palmerston "was twice in minorities, but they say will not retire”; notes about numerous social events – balls, “fetes,” dinners, pleasure trips; social gossip; family news; doesn't want to visit a house when "old Mother Stinkpot" is there; and others. One letter is supplemented with a poem praising life in Lamington written by Bruce; another one – with his humorous self-portrait made in ink.
John Richard Alexander (1829-1869) was a British naval officer and a flag lieutenant to Henry Bruce in 1852-54 (HMS Penelope, West African station) and in 1854-57 (HMS President and HMS Monarch, Pacific Station). In the early 1860s he was appointed the Captain of the screw sloop HMS Ariel off the coast of Africa. Alexander married Bruce’s daughter Jane in Sierra Leone in 1853.
[Very Attractive Original Manuscript Autograph Book of Members the Pennsylvania House of Representatives Titled in Calligraphy:] Autographs of the Members and Officers of the Members and Officers of the Legislature of Pennsylvania, Session 1843. Designed by J. A. Reigart for Mr. Isaac G. McKinley, State Printer.
1843. Large Octavo (21x16,5 cm). Ca. 100 leaves. Ca. 40 unnumbered leaves of autographs, some leaves with hand drawn coloured vignettes and decorative borders for the autographs in calligraphy, and additionally illustrated with four steel engraved city views and one page with two lithographed oval portraits of James K. Polk and George M. Dallas. Attractive period brown elaborately gilt and blind stamped full straight grained sheep. Expertly rebacked in style, first few leaves with very mild water staining but overall a near fine autograph book. Originally bound by Hickok & Cantine Binders, Harrisburg, P.A., with their blind stamp on the front pastedown.
Original Manuscript Autograph Book of Members the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, Including the Autograph of Pennsylvania's Ninth Governor David R. Porter (1788-1867), and the Autographs of the Electors who Voted for James K. Polk in 1844.
An important piece of Pennsylvania Legislature history, an album signed by the state's representatives from each county, during the 1843 session. Also signed by the Electors who voted for the James K. Polk, in 1844. The City of Philadelphia and then Philadelphia County are the first two pages, each signed by 7 and 8 representatives respectively. Most notably signed by David R. Porter, the ninth Governor of Pennsylvania from 1839-1845 and his chief staff. Porter was the first Governor under the State Constitution of 1838. He was elected for two terms, and was denied a third term by the Legislature. Porter was a proponent of improving roads and canals to expedite transport of iron works, an industry in which he was a financier and manager prior to politics. The state went into heavy debt as a result of his aggressive spending, but eventually recovered.
MERCATOR, Gerardus (1512-1594) & HONDIUS, Jodocus (1563-1612)
[Map of Persia Titled:] Persici vel Sophorum Regni Typus.
[Amsterdam], ca. 1610. Copper engraved hand coloured map ca. 35x50,5 cm (14 x 19 ½ in). French text on verso. Map with original centrefold. Overall a very good strong impression of this map.
"A stunning map of the Persian empire based on Ortelius' map of the same title. The map is centered on Persia, and it also shows present-day Iraq and Afghanistan, and the Indus River. It is filled with scores of place names, details of the Persian Gulf, and charming pictorial detail of topography and cities. The Caspian Sea is given a horizontal oval shape. A pair of strap work cartouches embellish the map" (Old World Auctions). Van der Krogt, Vol. I, 8200:1A.
58. [PERU - PUNA]
COVERLEY-PRICE, A. Victor (British, 1901-1988)
[A Grisaille Watercolour Signed "V. Coverley-Price" Titled:] Camp At 12,000 feet on the edge of the Puna in the Andes of Central Peru.
Ca. 1925. Watercolour ca. 21,5x35 cm (8 ½ x 14 in), with typewritten title label mounted on verso. The watercolour, in period matting, is in very good condition with bright colours.
This attractive and skillfully executed watercolour by a listed artist known for his landscapes and urban scenes shows three mountaineers in camp with two tents and three horses in the background. "The Puna grasslands.., are found in the central Andes Mountains.., above the tree line at 3200–3500 m elevation, and below the permanent snow line above 4500-5000 m elevation" (Wikipedia).
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Map of Poland Titled:] Poloniae et Ungariae Nova Descriptio.
Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x34,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important map by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. "Woodblock map of the region containing present-day Romania, Moldova and Ukraine, with parts of Poland, Slovenia and Hungary. It has fine graphic depictions of the rivers, mountains, forests, and towns, with many ancient place names. The map covers the region from Prussia at upper left to Constantinople and the Black Sea at lower right and names Silesia, Bosnia, Dalmatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Moscovia, Tartaria and much more" (Old World Auctions).
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Birdseye View of Rome Titled:] Romanae Urbis Situs, quem hoc Christi anno 1549 habet.
Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 29x36 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
One of the earliest obtainable birdseye views of Rome by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. Includes a key which identifies nineteen landmarks.
61. [SEA OF OKHOTSK]
[Unique Collection of 23 Original Photographs Documenting the Investigation of the Wreck of the Russian Coast Guard Ship Kreiserok in the Vicinity of Cape Soya, Northwestern Hokkaido].
Ca. 1889. One photograph ca. 16,5x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in), eighteen photographs, ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and four smaller photographic portraits of the Kreiser’s crew, ca. 11x8 cm (4 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) mounted on card leaves of different sizes. The majority of photographs with pencil captions in Danish on the lower margins of the mounts. Minor foxing of the mounts and mounts a bit warped, but overall a very good collection.
This important photographic collection documents the search expedition of the Russian Navy to the northwestern Hokkaido in November 1889 - January 1890. The purpose was to investigate the fate of the shipwreck of the Russian coast guard schooner Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") which was in service on the coast of Tyuleniy Island (in the Sea of Okhotsk, 19 km to the south of Cape Patience (Mys Terpeniya), on the eastern Sakhalin coast) protecting against poachers and disappeared in a storm on the 26th of October, 1889.
The wreck of Kreiserok was discovered by Japanese on the shore next to village Wakkanai, in the vicinity of Cape Soya, the northernmost point of Hokkaido, 43 km away across the Laperouse Strait from Sakhalin Island. The Russian consulate informed the Pacific Squadron of the Russian Navy which wintered in Nagasaki, and the Squadron Commander rear admiral Vladimir Schmidt sent the investigation expedition on clipper Kreiser ("Cruiser") to ascertain whether the wreck was indeed the Kreiserok.
The expedition under the leadership of renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor Alexander von Bunge (1851-1930) included Lt. V.N. Bukharin and other Russian mariners, as well as Japanese officials and translators. The party reached the place of the wreck with great difficulties because of heavy snowfalls and strong winds. They examined what left of the schooner - a part of stern with steering wheel and the right side with both masts. Two ship’s boats, the flag and the board with the ship’s name were discovered, as well as a body of a sailor (Fedor Ivanov). None of the crew members was rescued, obviously there were no survivors. The cause of the disaster wasn’t determined, but it was assumed that the ship wrecked because of the ice formation on Kreiserok’s hull and rigging during strong storm, winds and low temperatures.
This photograph collection, assembled by the Danish member of Kreiser’s crew, Lt. C.M.T. Cold (who also captioned most of the images), includes eleven images of the Kreiserok wreck on shore with all parts of the schooner's remains clearly visible. Five images show the surrounding coast and a Japanese settlement, covered with deep snow. The majority of the pictures from the wreckage also show the expedition members, with Alexander Bunge present on five pictures, and possibly V. Bukharin and Lt. Cold present at least on six pictures; several pictures show the Japanese members, and two images are group portraits of all expedition members. Five pictures are dedicated to the clipper Kreiser including four portraits of its crew members, and a view of Kreiser in the harbour of Nagasaki, the latter was reproduced in: Krestianinov, V.I. Cruisers of the Russian Imperial Navy, 1856-1917. Part 1. SPb., 2003 (Крестьянинов, В.Я. Крейсера Российского Императорского флота, 1856-1917. Ч. I. СПб, 2003).
The monument erected in 1897 in Vladivostok in memory of Kreiserok and its crew became the first monument of Vladivostok and the first official memorial on the Pacific to Russian naval mariners who perished on duty.
Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") was a coast guard schooner of the Russian Imperial Navy. Tonnage 15 t., length 24 m., width 8 m., draught 2.13 m. Built in 1884 in Seattle, before 1886 - American schooner "Henrietta." In 1886 it was confiscated by the Russian clipper "Kreiser" for poaching in the Russian waters of the Bering Sea. In 1887 under command of lieutenant Tsvangman it carried out hydrographical survey of the Amur estuary. On the 14th of May 1888 it was renamed after the clipper "Kreiser" and became a coast guard vessel of the Tyuleniy Island (the Sea of Okhotsk). In October 1889 during its service on the island’s coast it captured American poaching schooner Rose and prepared to escort it to Vladivostok, but instead wrecked in a storm with the entire crew perishing. A cape and a bay in the Possiet Gulf (Peter the Great Gulf of the Sea of Japan) were named after it.
Alexander von Bunge was a renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor of medicine and zoologist, a son of famous botanist Alexander von Bunge (1803-1890). He participated in the expeditions to the mouth of the River Lena (1882-84), Yenisey River (1892-95), Spitsbergen (1900) et al; he headed the expedition to the New Siberian Islands (1885-86). Von Bunge’s meteorological observations were used by F. Nansen during his famous Fram expedition. An island in the Arctic Ocean (Bunge Land), a peninsula on the Russky Island (Nordenskiöld Archipelago), glaciers on Spitsbergen and Novaya Zemlya, and a mountain on Spitsbergen were named after him.
62. [SINGAPORE & HAWAII, ETC.]
[Attractive Lacquered Album with 112 Original Photographs of Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Hawaii Taken During an Around the World Trip Titled]: Around the World, 1900.
1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 32,5x41 cm). With112 gelatin silver prints of various size mounted on 21 stiff card leaves, including 10 large images, ca. 25,5x29 cm (ca. 10 x 11 ½ in), and three large colour photos, ca. 20x26 cm (ca. 8x10 ¼ in). Manuscript ink captions on the mounts. Original lacquered Japanese album with leather spine, marbled paper endpapers, all edges gilt. Rebacked in style, boards slightly rubbed and neatly repaired on the corners, minor foxing of the endpapers, otherwise a very good album.
The album includes photos taken by a British traveller during a trip around the world, dated 20 March – 31 August 1900. The author left London in the beginning of March on the P.& O. Steamer Arcadia and proceeded to Port Said and Colombo, where he changed to the R.M.S. Chusan for Hong Kong. After calling at Penang and Singapore he arrived to Hong Kong, and visited Canton and Macao. Then he proceeded to Japan, arriving to Kobe on 4 May and travelling around the country until the end of June. On 20 June he left on S.S. “Futami Maru”, calling at Manila, Samoa, and Hawaii. One of the last photos dated 31 August 1900 shows the Niagara Falls.
The images of Japan comprise the majority of the album (63) and include views of Yokohama harbour, Tokyo (Kameido shrine, private house owned by certain Englishman Milne et al.), Kiga, a series of images of the Nikko shrines with the “celebrated Red Lacquer Bridge”, Eaimitsu temple, Karamon gate, bronze Torii, “Avenue of criptomenia trees”, botanical garden et al. Interesting in the image of the “fish flags” waving in Nikko during the Tango no Sekku or the Boys Holiday – “the idea is that as the fish swims against the stream, so may the boy ‘swim’ through life”. The author also took a series of photos of a temple procession in Nikko, with a picture of “3 gold shrines, 75 men to carry each. These are not allowed to be photographed”. Other images shows street musicians, small tea houses and hotels, Kyoto geishas, Nagoya Castle, Nara City et al. Three colour photos show Lake Hakone and Mount Fuji. The album opens with a self portrait of the compiler shown mounted on a horse, with his guide Hirakata, at the Otome Toge pass where “one gets a magnificent view of Fujiyama”.
A series of interesting photos of China include view of the Hong Kong harbour with the building of the Club, “the Queen’s road” and monument to the Queen Victoria in Hong Kong, view of Macao taken from the hotel ‘Boa Vista’, several dreadful images of execution of pirates in Canton, native boats crowded on the Canton river, a portrait of the travelling party at the palace of “Li Hung Chang” (Li Hongzhang, 1823-1901, a noted Chinese politician) et al. The beginning of the album numbers 14 views of Port Said, Colombo, Penang and Singapore, with street views, native boats with painted eyes in the bows, diving boys, and islands near Singapore which “we were passing nearly all day & each one seemed more beautiful that the last”. In the end of the album there are over a dozen photos of Manila, Samoa and Hawaii with large views of Honolulu, scenes of “Cricket at Apia”, portraits of natives, Hawaiian dancers et al.
63. [SRI LANKA]
CLEATHER, William H., Captain‚ 1st Ceylon Regiment (1783-1820)
[Two Extensive Autograph Letters Signed “W.H. Cleather” to his Sister Mary Littlehales, Describing his Early Service in the Military Regiment in British Ceylon, with notes on His Travel to Ceylon on Board HMS Thalia, Colombo Garrison and Officers, Local Society, Day Schedule et al].
HMS Thalia, “18 leagues to the North of St. Jago”, 20 October 1805 and Colombo Fort, 21 June (completed 2 September) 1806. Both Octavos (ca. 23x18 cm and 25x20 cm). Each 3 ½ pp. Both addressed and sealed on the last pages. Brown ink on watermarked laid and white paper. Fold marks, both letters with minor holes on the 4th pages after opening, affecting several words; second letter with tears and minor holes on folds, but overall very good letters.
Two extensive letters giving an interesting firsthand account of the early British rule in Sri Lanka (the British occupied former Dutch possessions on the island only ten years earlier, in 1795). The first letter describes Cleather’s voyage to Ceylon from England on board HMS Thalia, with the notes on the heat of the gun room‚ the frigate’s captain Walker, Santiago Island (Cape Verde) where they got fresh supplies and water, social life on board the ship et al. “I sleep every night in the most tantalizing situation you can possibly imagine, Rayner having strung my cot in the after gun room in the midst of <…> chests of dollars to the amount of 40.000 £ which they are taking out for the Company, there is 400.000 £ standing more below.”
The second letter completed almost a year later gives an inside look into the life of British military and civil society on Ceylon, shortly after the end of the First Kandyan War (1803-1805). Cleather praises the Colombo garrison’s chaplain Reverend W.H. Heywood in whose house he started writing the letter, notes that he has dined with the “Chief Secy. Mr. Arbuthnot (the 2nd personage in the Island),” and mentions “innumerable” balls and suppers to which “I am constantly invited.” His regiment “is stationed about ten miles from the Fort <…> I have a small house but very comfortable near the parade & not far from a pretty little Cot.[tage] of Heywoods where he generally resides – for this I pay two guineas a month (nothing here).” Cleather mentions that the Regiment which consists of sepoys trains a lot because it is expected to be reviewed shortly; notes on his relation with his colleague officers – Lieut.-Col. T.W. Kerr who “has an unfortunate disposition to talk scandal,” Fort Adjutant Mr. Stewart, officers wives and daughters and others. “I do not much …[?] the heat and have never had a day’s illness since I landed in the Island. I had no duty for two or three months at first being laid up with hurts in my legs. This is common enough & is thought nothing of, it is long since over…”
Captain W.H. Cleather of the first Ceylon Regiment, was educated at Exeter College, Oxford, and arrived in Ceylon in 1805. Through his sister Mary Littlehales (to whom the letters are addressed) he was a brother-in-law of Vice-Admiral Bendall Robert Littlehales (1765-1847), a participant of the Napoleonic Wars, and Captain Edward Littlehales (1805-1888), a commander of HMS Dolphin on the coast of West Africa during the suppression of the slave trade in the 1840s. During his career in the British Ceylon, he served in different Ceylon Regiments, was the Fort adjutant at Galle, Jaffna, and Colombo. He took part in military actions during the Uva Rebellion (1817-1818) and for many years served as Deputy Judge Advocate in Ceylon.
64. [STAINED GLASS]
JOHN HARDMAN & CO.
[Collection of Twenty Seven Original Watercolour and Pencil Drawn Designs of Stained Glass Windows and Interiors of Catholic Churches in Great Britain Produced by “John Hardman & Co.”; With Four Original Photos of Stained Glass Windows and Two Pieces of Related Printed Ephemera].
Ca. 1930-1950s. 27 watercolours on paper, mostly mounted on card (five unmounted, one mounted on linen and card), including eleven large pieces from ca. 62x35 cm (24 ½ x 13 ¾ in) and ca. 53x62 cm (20 ¾ x 24 ¼ in) to ca. 48x30,5 cm (18 ¾ x 12 in) and 30x65,5 cm (12 x 25 ¾ in); and sixteen smaller pieces from ca. 33x41,5 cm (13 x 16 ½ in) to ca. 16x10,5 cm (6 ¼ x 4 in). Ten watercolours with paper seals of John Hardman & Co. attached to the right lower corners on verso (two more with the remnants of the seals). Most with period pen or ink explanatory notes, titles, inscriptions “John Hardman Studios” et al. On recto or verso; four signed by the designers (Patrick A. Feeny, Donald B. Taunton, Arthur E. Buss, W.G. Edwards). Several mounts with wear including chipping or minor losses on corners and extremities, one mounted watercolour with several deep creases, one with a hole on the mount not affecting the image, several watercolours slightly soiled, but overall a very good collection.
Beautiful collection of original watercolour designs for stained glass windows created by the “John Hardman & Co.” – famous manufacturers of stained glass windows, ecclesiastical fittings and ornaments for Catholic churches in Great Britain, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada et al. The company was founded in 1838 and began manufacturing stained glass in 1844; quickly it became the leader in the industry, widely known for numerous works in the Gothic Revival style made in collaboration with the architect Augustus Pugin (1812-1852). The most famous building which “John Hardman & Co.” made glass work for was the Houses of Parliament in London.
Our collection relates to the period of the company’s work in the 20th century, under the leadership of Donald B. Taunton (1886-1965) and Patrick A. Feeny (1910-1995). Taunton served with the company as its chief designer from 1935 to 1964. His works can be seen in Great Britain, the U.S., Canada, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia. Feeny was a “stained glass designer and a Fellow of the British Society of Master Glass Painters, and an early experimenter with what is known as 'dalles de verre' or 'slab glass'. He joined Hardman and Co. In 1928, and took the firm over in 1964” (Stained Glass in Wales online).
The collection contains eleven large designs, including a five-window composition of Christ’s Resurrection with Christ’s figure in the centre and three smaller pieces around (Christ and Mary Magdalene, the Myrrhbearers and the Angel, Christ and two disciples on the road to Emmaus); a five-window composition of Christ’s Transfiguration with the voice of God the Father coming from the sky, Moses and Elijah at Christ’s sides, apostles Peter, James and John at his feet, and eight angels surrounding the composition; a seven-window composition with Christ on the cross surrounded by the Virgin Mary, apostles and saints; a four-window composition dedicated to the Virgin Mary with the Annunciation as a central piece and eight smaller scenes from her life around; large prolonged composition with Christ on the cross, and St. John the Baptist, surrounded by saints and scenes from the Gospel; and others. Very interesting is a four-window composition with English Catholic saints and English cathedrals, featuring St. John Fisher in front of the Rochester Cathedral, St. Augustine in front of the Canterbury Cathedral; St. Columba in front of the Iona Cathedral, and St. Thomas Moore in front of the Tower of London. There are also two large designs of the churches’ interior decorations: of St. Austin’s Catholic Church in Stafford (by Patrick A. Feeny), and of St. Mary’s Convent in Handsworth.
Smaller watercolour designs of stained glass windows depict: Christ & children (a composition for the east window of the Harrogate College Chapel designed by Arthur E. Buss, M.G.P. In memory of E.W. Jones, headmistress in 1898-1935); Christ saying “I am the true vine” (design for the roof window signed by W.G. Edwards); Christ with Abraham & Ruth (design for the church in Hemingbrough, signed by Donald B. Taunton); St. Paul; St. Gertrude & St. Teresa; St. Thomas More & St. John Fisher; Bd. Christopher Buxton & Ven. Robert Ludlam; St. William of York; composition for the Sacred Heart chapel in St. Francis Xavier’s College in Liverpool; a three-part design of an ornamental lattice.
The collection is supplemented with four photos of stained glass windows and a stone panel executed by the Hardman Studios, from ca. 39x23,5 cm (15 ¼ x 9 ¼ in) to ca. 14,5x18 cm (5 ¾ x 7 in); a printed leaflet titled “Proposed Altar and Reredos to be erected in the College Church. St. Wilfried’s College, Cotton Hall, May 1900” (3 pp., published by Simkin & Son, Birmingham); and a printed view of a stained glass altar piece with a blind stamp “Hardman & Co.” on the upper margin.
Overall a beautiful collection of original watercolour designs from the archive of one of the world’s best stained glass manufacturers. “A large proportion of the Hardman archive, particularly their Medieval Room, was damaged and destroyed in a fire at the Newhall Hill studio in 1970, some of the earliest and most damaged cartoons and now held in temperature controlled storage at Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. The business was closed in 2008” (Wikipedia).
FILCHNER, Wilhelm (1877-1957)
[A Collection of Seven Original Ink Drawings (Three initialed "C.A.") Used as Illustrations in Wilhelm Filchner's Book "Das Kloster Kumbum in Tibet. Ein Beitrag zu Seiner Geschichte" (The Monastery Kumbum in Tibet. A Contribution to its History); Berlin: Mittler & Sohn, 1906].
Ca. 1905. Seven ink drawings on thick paper ca. 27x23 cm (11x9 in) and slightly smaller. The original ink drawings are recently matted together with the corresponding printed text illustration leaves from the book. Housed in a custom made black cloth portfolio with a printed paper title page label and silk ties. One drawing with an expertly repaired corner chip, but overall the ink drawings are in very good condition.
This historically important collection of ink drawings show 1. A Tibetan Rosary (p.47); 2. Lama d Ge ss Long with yellow hat and cloak etc. (p.48); 3. A travelling lama (p.63); 4. Illustration of an Indian legend (p.85); 5. A prayer drum partially made with human skull parts (p. 103); 6. A water-powered prayer wheel (p.104); 7. Tibetan cairn with prayer flags on mountain top (p.128). The illustrations are supplemented with the matted title page and map of the monastery from the book. The preface states that the ink drawings were created by an artist under Filchner's direction based on photographs made by Filchner. The purpose of Filchner's 1903-5 "expedition to Tibet [was] to carry out geomagnetic and topographical surveys on the high plateau. In addition to its scientific work the expedition carried out a significant intelligence-gathering role and was contemporaneous with similar missions by Francis Younghusband and others" (Howgego, 1850-1940 Polar Regions etc., F6). "Kumbum Monastery is a Buddhist monastery in present day Qinghai, China. Kumbum was founded in 1583 in a narrow valley close to the village of Lusar in the Tibetan cultural region of Amdo. Its superior monastery is Drepung Monastery, immediately to the west of Lhasa. It was ranked in importance as second only to Lhasa" (Wikipedia).
REUILLY, Jean, Baron de (1780-1810)
Description du Tibet, d’après la Relation des Lamas Tangoutes, établis Parmi les Mongoles. Traduit de l’Allemand [Description of Tibet, According to the Accounts of the Tangut Lamas, Established Among the Mongols. Translated from German].
Paris: Chez Bossange, Masson et Besson, 1808. First Edition. Octavo. , xii, 89 pp. With an engraved vignette on the title page. Handsome period brown mottled full calf with gilt tooled spine. Expertly rebacked in style, with a presentation school prize label from a French school dated 1830 on the front pastedown. A fine copy.
This work is the only separate printing of Peter Simon Pallas’s description of Tibet. The original work was first published in German as a part of Pallas’s Sammlungen historischer Nachrichten über die Mongolischen Völkerschaften (1776); and wasn’t included into later French editions. In this description of Tibet by Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811), translated by Baron Jean de Reuilly (1780-1810), Pp. 1-54 are devoted to the description of Tibet according to accounts of Tibetan Lamas established among the Mongols; the second part of the work is dedicated to a report of the celebrations and ceremonies during the period from 22 June until 12 July 1729, in the small village Ourga, to celebrate the rebirth of Koutoukhta, one of the most distinguished priests of Mongolia.
Reuilly's introduction notes Pallas travelled "some years in Tibet and Kashmir, and English possessions in India" and confirms that this portion of Pallas's travels through the Russian Empire was not included in the French edition of Pallas's work. This separate printing is extensively annotated with Reuilly's comments on Tibet, including the missions of Bogle and Stewart, Georgi, and Andrade's account of 1795 on Bogle, Turner and Pourunguir, and on Tibet-Britain-China relations, and his own observations along with those of other writers on Tibet. He further discusses the route of the Anadyr River and Mongolia-Tibet relations. Cordier, Sinica, 2879; Lust 207; Yakushi R93.
[PANOV Ivan N.]
[Collection of Forty-Nine Original Photographs of Soviet Turkmenistan, Including Over Twenty Views of Ashgabat Taken Before the 1948 Earthquake, Views of Chardzhou, Mary, Kyzyl-Arvat, and Picturesque Portraits of the Local People].
Ca. 1928-1930. Forty-nine loose gelatin silver prints from ca. 13x18 cm (5 ¼ x 7 in) to ca. 10,5x16 cm (4 ¼ x 6 ¼ in). Seven photos captioned and/or numbered in Russian on verso. A couple of photos with minor small corners creases, one with a corner chip, but overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of early vivid photo views and scenes of Soviet Turkmenistan taken a few years after it had become a part of the Soviet Union (1924). The images were taken by talented Tashkent photographer Ivan Panov who worked for the State Art Publishing House in Moscow (Izogiz). Many of Panov’s views of Central Asian cities and landscapes, as well as portraits of local people were printed as postcards by the Izogiz in the 1930s (he is known for his views of Tashkent, Lake Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan, Chelyabinsk, Moscow, Black Sea resorts and others).
The collection includes over twenty views of Ashgabat taken before the city was heavily destroyed during the 1948 earthquake. The images show the Baha’i temple (first in the world, constructed in 1908, demolished in 1963), monument to V. Lenin (finished in 1927), Turkmen Institute of Culture (decorated with the sculptures of Reading Turkmens – a man and a woman), Turkmen State Museum, Polytechnic school, Ashgabat Central Committee of the Communist Party, the storefront of the Ashgabat branch of the State Publishing House (Gosizdat), railway station, covered galleries of the city market, building of the textile factory (constructed in 1924), three views of Ashgabat water tower built after a project by V. Shukhov, Ashgabat state theatre of Russian drama, cinema theatre, and others. There are also interesting views of a Turkmen aul (village) near Kyzyl-Arvat (now Serdar, north-west of Ashgabat); boats and boats men on the Amu Darya River at Chardzhou (now Turkmenabad); a market and a camel caravan at rest in Mary (an oasis in the Karakum Desert). Over a dozen portraits depict the Turkmen people at a market (selling watermelons, sheep, harnesses); local families outside or inside their yurts, children, camel drovers, and others. Overall an interesting collection of vivid views of first Soviet years in Turkmenistan.
68. [VANCOUVER ISLAND, BC]
[Album with 29 Original Photographs of Hunting and Fishing on Southern Vancouver Island, BC].
Ca. 1920. Oblong Octavo (14,5x20,5 cm). 14 grey stiff card leaves. With 29 mounted mainly postcard sized gelatin silver prints each ca. 8,5x13,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in) and slightly smaller, most captioned in black ink on mounts. Bound without covers and held together with a thick canvas string. Overall in very good condition with strong, sharp images.
This interesting early 20th century hunting and fishing album shows southern Vancouver Island from the Great Central Lake to Saanich and includes images of Cowichan lake including Grouse Mine, 2 hours catch; Sooke including hunting in Sooke Hills, Log Cabin, Sooke River, Sooke Harbour; Highland Lake District; Elk Lake; and the "Ark" and "Little Ark" Great Central Lake. Fishing boats, automobiles, men with rods and rifles, caught fish and shot birds as well as picnic scenes and log cabins are shown in this album.
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Birdseye View of Venice Titled:] Venetiarum amplissima & maritima urbs cum multis circumiacentibus insulis,
Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x38,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
One of the earliest obtainable birdseye views of Venice by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century.
70. [VIETNAM - SAIGON]
CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of Saigon and Environs].
1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; six larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with cloth sides. Watercolours mounted laid paper leaves. Album overall in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.
71. [VIETNAM - TONKIN]
[Collection of Ten Original Pen and Wash Drawings of Military Fortifications, Villages and Mountainous Views of Tonkin (North Vietnam) Taken by a Participant of the French Military Campaign on Pacification of Tonkin (1886-1896)].
Ca. 1891. Ten drawings, pen and wash on album leaves, each ca. 13x21 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¼ in). All but one captioned in ink in the lower margins of the images, five signed “Aug. Bournas” in the lower corners (three additionally dated February or December 1891), one signed “Diesenhosen”(?) in the right lower corner Several drawings with minor small corners creases, but overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of original drawings made by a participant of the French Pacification of Tonkin (1886-1896) - one Aug[ust?] Bornas who served in the column of Commandant Fournier (XI Legion) during the 1891 campaign. Tonkin (in the north-east of modern Vietnam) became a part of French Indochina in 1887, but it took French authorities almost ten years to completely subdue the region, especially its northern mountainous areas. These skillful sketches document the steady and painful advance of French troops into the hilly interior of rebellious Tonkin, showing small villages and French posts, barricades destroyed during the advance, mountains and valleys, streams et al. The drawings include:
1. A view of the bridge across the Tra Linh River dated February 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
2. A view of the barricade (made of bamboo) at Lung Giao, destroyed by the column of Commandant Fournier on 27 March 1891.
3. A view of the barricade (made of bricks and bamboo) at Lung Kett, which closes the entrance to Thien Sang (view taken from inside), the barricade was destroyed by the column of Commandant Fournier on 3 April 1891.
4. A view of the Lung-Phai village with three watch towers, dated December 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
5. A view of Dong Khe fort, facing west, with French tricolor waving above. Dated December 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
6. A view of the French post in the town of Ngan Son (Bắc Kạn Province, Northeastern Vietnam), with French tricolor waving above.
7. A view of the market in Tan Bon (on the route from Nam-Nang to Dong Khe, Northeastern Vietnam).
8. Camp in Nai Phung and the Pac Giai valley.
9. A view of the Lung Che circue taken from above, signed “Diesenhosen” (?).
10. Untitled drawing portraying French officers taking rest on a river bank (two are talking, one is cooking on a camp stove), with two Vietnamese boats landed on shore nearby.
“The Pacification of Tonkin (1886-96) was a slow and ultimately successful military and political campaign undertaken by the French Empire in the northern portion of Tonkin (modern-day north Vietnam) to re-establish order in the wake of the Sino-French War (August 1884 – April 1885), to entrench a French protectorate in Tonkin, and to suppress Vietnamese opposition to French rule” (Wikipedia).
72. [VIETNAM - TONKIN]
[LOGERAIS, Jean and Juliette]
[Important Collection of Three Notebooks with Original Manuscripts & Ephemera Containing Accounts of Logerais Work and Residence in Tonkin (Northern Vietnam), Titled:] Souvenirs de voyage (Tonkin). Extraits des lettres adressées a mère. 1er Mai 1899 – 20 Mai 1901; embarquement 12 jours apres mois mariage, 18 avril 1899. J. Logerais. With: [Three Folders with 148 Original Photographs of Tonkin and Cochin China, Including over Seventy Views and Scenes Taken in Quang Yen, over Thirty taken in Yen Bai, as well as views of Lang Son, Saigon, Hanoi, Vung Tau and others].
Ca. 1899-1901. Three Octavo notebooks. 142, 142 and 133 lined leaves filled in manuscript (ink). With over twenty additional leaves of ephemera (copies of letters, notes, menus, theatre programmes, newspaper clippings et al.) pasted on to the leaves or loosely laid in. Original quarter cloth notebooks with light brown stiff card covers.
The folders consist of large folded loose leaves of paper from ca. 36x22,5 cm (14 ¼ x 9 in) to ca. 31x20 cm (12 ¼ x 7 ¾ in) when folded. With 148 gelatin silver prints of various size (see the details below). Almost all images with period manuscript captions in French on the mounts, many with additional captions on versos. The cover of one folder with large tears and creases, a few images mildly faded, but overall a very good collection of strong interesting images.
Important collection of original manuscripts, photographs and ephemera from the estate of doctor Jean Logerais, who worked in French military hospitals in Yen Bai (Yen Bai province, northern central Vietnam), Coc Leu (Lao Kai province, northwestern Vietnam), and Quang Yen (Quang Ninh province, northeastern Vietnam) in 1899-1901, shortly after the region had been finally subdued by French authorities in the course of the Pacification of Tonkin (1886-1896).
Three notebooks from the collection contain early 20th century transcriptions (the notebooks were compiled in 1910s) of 58 letters from Jean Logerais’ wife Juliette to her mother, covering the period of May 1899 – May 1901. Most letters were written from Tonkin region: Yen Bai (18 letters, 21 August 1899 – 18 April 1900), “On the Red River (Song Koi) before Trai Hutt” (1 letter, 29 April - 10 May 1900); Coc Leu (9 letters, 23 May - 4 September 1900), Quang Yen (15 letters, 22 September 1900 – 7 April 1901), and “Notes on our voyage to the gateway of China” (29 March – 9 April 1901); but there are also letters written in Saigon, Haiphong, Hanoi, on board the river steamer to Yen Bai, and several letters written on board the steamer on the way to French Indochina and back. The letters vividly and in great detail describe the medical service in Tonkin military clinics where Dr. Logerais served, the couple’s several moves from place to place, their residences, relations with the servants and other French residents, prices for various goods, local lifestyle, climate, celebrations et al.; a rough ink sketch in the text shows the plan of the hospital and the doctor’s house on the bank of the Red River in Coc Leu (on the border with the Chinese Yunnan province).
The main text is supplemented with a number of original manuscripts and ephemera, including seven hand-drawn and printed menus (with the one showing a butcher beckoning geese to the doorway with the sign “Aux portes de Yunnan”), programs of three theatre performances (for the opening of the municipal theatre in Haiphong in November 1900, for the performance in the Hanoi theatre in August 1899, and for the performance by the servicemen of the 9th Regiment of French Marine Infantry), three manuscript New Year congratulations to Dr. Logerais and his wife from the servants of Yen Bai hospital (dated 1 January 1890); an invitation to Dr. Logerais from a Yen Bai upper-class resident (in the original envelope), literary supplement to “Le Figaro” (10 July 1886, 4 pp.) titled “Souvenirs du Tonkin” and dedicated to the recently annexed region, full of documentary and humorous sketches (views and scenes, portraits of Vietnamese and French military men, administrators, tourists; the supplement is worn on folds, with numerous tears); two leaves from “L’Illustration” (April 1885) with the portraits of “Les Héros du Tonkin,” and others.
The photograph folders include:
1) Cochinchine et Tonkin (ca. 1899).
Paper folder ca. 31x20 cm (12 ¼ x 7 ¾ in). 84 gelatin silver prints mounted on the leaves, the majority ca. 8x11 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ¼ in), also with seven photos ca. 11x15,5 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in) or slightly smaller, and one photo ca. 9x12 cm (3 ½ x 4 ¾ in) loosely inserted. All with period ink captions in French on the mounts, most with additional captions on the mounts. The cover leaf with tears and losses, two photos removed, a couple of images mildly faded.
The folder includes several interesting views of Saigon (two of the city market), Hạ Long Bay, Hanoi, Yen Bai (panorama of the Red River taken near Yen Bai, general views of the city and the hospital, views of the city market, streets, Vietnamese houses, portraits of French residents outside the church after the Sunday service, city market, Vietnamese women, porters, private portraits of Dr. Logerais and his wife taken inside their house); hospital in Lao Kai; Quang Yen (Logerais’ residence, portraits of French officers, doctors, and residents, Vietnamese servants, and others), Cap Saint-Jacques (modern Vung Tau), Singapore, and others.
2) Tonkin (Quang-Yen), 1900-1901.
Paper folder ca. 36x22,5 cm (14 ¼ x 9 in). Thirteen large gelatin silver prints ca. 24x17,5 cm (9 ½ x 7 in) mounted on the leaves, all with period ink captions in French on the mounts. Two last photos (apparently, portraits of Juliette Logerais under the banyan tree) removed. With a large albumen print ca. 19,5x24 cm (7 ½ x 9 ½ in) mounted on card, and a gelatin silver print ca. 13x17,5 cm (5x7 in) loosely inserted.
The album includes views of Quang Yen taken from the terrace of the hospital and showing the post office and the wharf, distant views of the hospital (faded), Bach Dang River flowing through the city; two portraits of a local nobleman in richly decorated dress, a joke scene with a husband, a wife and a lover climbing up a ladder; several portraits of Juliette Logerais (at the pagoda gates next to the hospital, under a banyan tree et al); portraits of the Logerais couple with two other doctors; a party of French picnickers at a river bank accompanied by Vietnamese servants, and others.
3) Tonkin (ca. 1901).
Paper folder ca. 31x20 cm (12 ¼ x 7 ¾ in). Fifty gelatin silver prints ca. 13x17,5 cm (5x7 in) mounted on the leaves, all with period ink captions in French on the mounts.
Over thirty views of Quang Yen include its general and street views, images of Quang Yen military hospital, city market, hospital of the Sisters of Mercy, barracks of French officers and soldiers, Dr. Logerais’ house, views of Vietnamese funeral procession, four portraits of a local nobleman (two are smaller versions of the photos in the previous album), group portrait of the Sisters of Mercy in Quang Yen; portraits of other French doctors and residents (in palanquins, on picnics and trips to the countryside; with a portrait of Dr. Le Guen – chief medical officer in Quang Yen), local people, and others. There are also photos of a train to Lang Son, views of the interior of the caves in Lang Son decorated with sculptures of Buddha, images of the gateway to China, street shop in the Chinese border town, Chinese general, and others. An earlier group portrait (taken in Tonkin in 1893) features Dr. Jean Logerais before his wedding.
Overall an interesting extensive archive illustrating early French rule in northern Vietnam.
73. [WEST AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE]
[HALL, Charles, Commander of H.M. Brig Rolla]
[Period Copy of Hall’s Letter to the Editor of the United Service Gazette, Regarding the West African Slave Trade, Titled:] The Present Slave Trade; Stating only a Tithe of Its Horrors. By an Eye-Witness.
Ca. 1840. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). Brown ink on Stacey Wise laid paper watermarked “1840”. 4 pp. Unsigned, but written in a very legible hand. Fold marks, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good manuscript.
The exact (apart from several words or grammatical forms) period copy of Commander Hall’s letter which was first published in the United Service Gazette (January 1843) and later in Rev. S.A. Walker’s “Missions in Western Africa among the Soosos, Bulloms, etc…” (London-Dublin, 1845, pp. 76-77). Hall commanded HMS Rolla at Cape of Good Hope and West coast of Africa in 1838-1842. He didn’t succeed in capturing many slave ships, but assisted in liberating slaves from several barracoons on shore at the Gallinas River (Sierra Leone), as well as destroying eleven large slave barracoons belonging to the white piratical slave dealers (see more: The Friend of Africa, London, October 1842, p. 156). The letter vividly describes the mechanism of West African Slave trade, huge profits made by traders, mode of transportation on slave ships, horrible conditions of slaves, et al.
“The cruel, unfeeling and heartless Slave Traders, or their agents, reside at the most convenient places at or near the Slaving Towns, or villages on the W. Coast of Africa, and have generally large, expensive establishments in the shape of barracoons for from 500 to 1000 men slaves to live in; others for women and boys, with comfortable Dwelling Houses and every luxury for themselves. They have also Factories, or Storehouses containing quantities of Slave goods, the only inland barter for Slaves. <…> The slaving piratical vessels which run across the Atlantic for Cargoes of Slaves sail very fast and are generally armed with large Guns, for the express purpose of killing and wounding the Seamen and sinking the Boat belonging to the British Cruisers showing at the time no flag of any nation. On their making to the Slave Coast where they are bound to, they immediately, night or day, communicate with the shore, by means of light canoes <…>, when they immediately make sail off the land, and at the appointed time stand I close to the beach <…> They have certain information where the [British] cruisers are on the coast, their sailing qualities to a nicety, having scouts along the coast and communication kept up by signals, fires, smokes and small kroo canoes which pull along shore very fast, giving timely notice of the approach of a Man of War.
The inducements to the Slave dealers are very great, if at all successful they realize a profit of 180 to 200 per cent and upwards. <…> The present System pursued in endeavouring to put down the Slave Trade by Cruisers is attended with great risk, anxiety and loss of life, with heavy expenses to the Country - it is also attended with unspeakable horrors and unutterable sufferings to the poor unfortunate Slaves who are doomed for exportation. They are frequently for months (from a man of war blockading the Slaving place) kept in a state of mere starving existence in the Barracoons on shore; from the heavy expense of feeding them, many are starved to death, chained together by the neck, in gangs from 12 to 20, or shackled by the legs in pairs. On an opportunity offering, they are shipped off in an exhausted, inanimate state, and packed in a Slaver’s hold nearly in bulk, when their miseries or sufferings increase, as they are deprived of fresh air, and almost deprived of Water, which they did not feel the want of in the Barracoons…
The articles made expressly for the Slave Trade are of the worst possible manufacture – the rum is horrible and drives the natives mad, the muskets burst to pieces in their hands, and the tobacco is made of the worst ingredients possible. The most worthless articles are exported, for which the natives are charged a very exorbitant price. Every possible imposition is practised on the poor, much benighted African; and debased in intellect to the lowest grade by the white piratical slave dealers, the scourge and curse of Africa, and to the utter disgrace of any thing in the shape of a human Being.”
74. DIX, Arthur Joseph (1861-1917)
[Album of 103 Original Watercolour Designs for Stained Glass Windows].
Ca. 1900. Oblong Quarto (ca. 20x28 cm). 16 card stock leaves. One hundred and three watercolour sketches on paper from ca. 2x2 cm (1x1 in) to ca. 5,5x12,5 cm (2x5 in), mounted on the album leaves. All watercolours numbered in pencil, with the ink captions on the opposite leaves. Artist’s carte-de-visite mounted on the first pastedown. Period brown cloth album with gilt tooled initials “A.J.D.” on the front cover. Binding rubbed on extremities, with the spine recased. Overall a very good album with beautiful bright watercolours.
Valuable collection of 103 original watercolour designs for stained glass windows produced by the firm of Arthur J. Dix (101 Gower St., London). The designs, drawn and compiled by Dix himself, include fine examples of coat of arms, royal shields, seals and insignia, with the time frame from the Medieval English kings, to British 20th century institutions and societies. Among the designs are royal shields of kings Ethelbert, Oswald of Northumberland, Harold I, Alfred the Great, Richard II, Henry VIII; seals of Edward the Confessor, King John, the Duke of Burgundy, the City of London, the town of Hartlepool etc. There are also coats of arms of the cities of York, Leeds, Liverpool, Chester, Plymouth, Borough of Kensington, county of Lancashire et al.; Oxford and Cambridge Universities; emblems of the Company of Musicians, Society of Antiquaries, Institute of British Architects et al.
“Stained glass artist. Arthur J. Dix was based in Gower Street, London, and active from the 1890s. He, or his studio, also made work by other designers as late as 1940” (Stained Glass of Wales online).
His advertising published in the “Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench” for 1916 stated: “Designs prepared and submitted with estimates for memorial and heraldic stained glass windows, church decorations, mosaics and brasses. Arthur J. Dix, worker in stained glass, 101, Gower St., London” (p. Xix).
Dix carved stained glass windows for a number of buildings in Buckinghampshire, including town hall in his native Wycombe, churches of All Saints (Marlow), St. Peter and Paul (Medmenham), St. Mary (Slough), and St. John the Baptist (The Lee). His stained glass windows also decorate the church of St. John the Baptist (Ightfield, Shropshire), St. Dunstan’s church (Cranford, London) and others.
See more: Little, J. Stained Glass Marks and Monograms. London: National Association of Decorative and Fine Art Societies, 2002, p. 42.
75. KRUSENSTERN, Adam Johann von (1770-1846) & TILESIUS, Wilhelm Gottlieb von Tilenau (1769-1857)
[An Engraving from the Famous Atlas of Captain Krusenstern’s First Russian Circumnavigation, Titled:] Obryady pri Vzaimnom Privetstvii Yapontsev / Japanischer Gruss [Custom of Mutual Greeting of Japanese].
[Saint Petersburg: Morskaya Typ., 1813]. Copper engraving, ca. 23,5x30 cm (9 ¼ x 12 in). Title in Russian and German. A very good strong impression with wide margins.
Plate XLVIII from the famous Russian edition of the Atlas of Krusenstern’s circumnavigation in 1803-1806 (Atlas k Puteshestviiu Kapitana Krusensterna. SPb, 1813). The complete Atlas is a great rarity with only one copy found in Worldcat (National Maritime Museum in Greenwich), but separate engravings are also very rare. The Atlas contains 118 engraved views and scenes (according to the Russian State Library) and was one of the most luxurious Russian editions produced at the beginning of the 19th century, being issued on funds of the Cabinet of the Russian Emperor and costing 15 thousand roubles - a huge sum of money at the time.
The engraving shows two Japanese Samurais bending in a mutual bow, each carrying a pair of Daisho swords. The landscape behind them features traditional Japanese houses on a seashore. Krusenstern’s ship “Neva” stayed in the Nagasaki bay for half a year in September 1804 – March 1805 while Russian ambassador Nikolay Rezanov tried to establish diplomatic relations with Japan. The mission turned out to be unsuccessful, and “Neva” returned to Petropavlovsk. The engraving was made from the drawing by Wilhelm Gottlieb Tilesius von Tilenau (1769-1857), German naturalist and artist who participated in Krusenstern’s expedition. The engraver, Ivan Chesky (1782-1848) was a member of the Russian Academy of Arts (1807), known for his masterly engraved architectural landscapes, portraits and book illustrations, including engravings for Alexander Pushkin’s “Eugene Onegin”.