April 2015 - Part 4: Europe with an Emphasis on Central and Eastern Europe


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1. [1812 FRENCH INVASION OF RUSSIA]
SCHMIDT, J.M.F., Professor
Special-Karte eines Theils des russischen Reichs vom Bug bis hinter Moskau, übersetzt und aus dem grossen russischen Atlas in 107 Blatt gezogen von J.M.F. Schmidt [Special Map of the Part of the Russian Empire from the Bug River to the Area Around Moscow].

Berlin: Simon Schropp & Comp, 1812. Outline hand coloured copper engraved folding map, dissected and linen backed, ca. 28x50,5 cm (11x20 in). Engraved by Carl Jättnig d. Ältern. With an elegant copper engraved publisher’s advertising pasted on the verso of the linen of one of the folds. Housed in the original marbled paper slipcase, slightly rubbed. Overall a bright very good map.
This detailed map of the western provinces of the Russian Empire including Lithuania, Belorussia, part of the Ukraine, and Kursk, Orel, Smolensk, Kaluga, Tula and Moscow provinces shows the theatre of operation of the 1812 French invasion of Russia. The copper engraved label on the linen back of the plan advertises “Magazin des beaux Arta et Cabinet de Géographie” – Kunst- und Landkarten Handlung von Simon Schropp u. Comp. (Jager Str., 24). Simon Schopp received a privilege for map publishing and trade in 1742 from the Prussian king Frederick II, and by the end of the 18th century became one of the major European map sellers. His company successfully worked through the centuries and is now one of the best Berlin map shops “Schropp Land & Karte GmbH”.

 

2. [BALTIC STATES]
Geschichte der Ostseeprovinzen Liv-, Est- und Kurland von der älteren Zeit bis auf unser Jahrhundert [History of the Baltic Provinces of Livland, Estland and Courland from the ancient times till our century].

Mitau: F. Sieslack, 1879-1884. First edition. Octavo. 2 parts in one. [2], vi, 312; [2], 196 pp. With the Ink stamps of “Dr. Ronald Ruprecht” on front free endpaper, owner’s ink inscription “Johann Weinberg” and pencil notes on the title page. Later black half calf with gilt lettered title on the spine and cloth boards. Back cover of the original publisher’s wrapper of the second part bound in the rear. Overall a very good copy.
Rare Mitau imprint. A general history of the Baltic provinces based on the fundamental works by Alexander von Richter (1803-1864), Otto von Rutenberg (1802-1864) and Oskar Kienitz.

 

3. [BALTIC STATES]
STAVENHAGEN, Wilhelm Siegfried (1814-1881)
[Complete set of Views of Courland, Livland and Estland: Three Albums with Explanatory text Bound Together:] Album Kurländischer Ansichten… Album Livländischer Ansichten… Album Estländischer Ansichten… Mit erläuterndem Text von verschiedenen Verfassern.

Mitau: Selbstverlag des Herausgebers, 1866-1867. First edition. Folio, 3 parts in one. [4], ii, [201 – separate pagination]; 4, ii, [266 – separate pagination]; [4], 4, ii, [235 – separate pagination] pp. With three steel engraved title pages and 87 plates after drawings by Stavenhagen, engraved on steel by G.G. Lange in Darmstadt; three decorative vignettes on the title pages engraved by A. Fesca. Ink exlibris-stamp on the first title page “Fürst M. Lievens Bibliothek”. Period brown half morocco, spine with raised bands, gilt tooled vignettes and gilt lettered title; marbled endpapers, all edges gilt. Binding by Otto Henss, “Hof-Buchbinder in Weimar” (paper label on verso of the last free endpaper), gilt tooled owner’s initials “A.P.” on the bottom of the spine. Binding rubbed and worn at extremities, weak at hinges, with a crack on top of the rear hinge, minor water stains in text, but overall a very good copy in very original condition.
Important Mitau (Jelgava) illustrated edition, very rare when complete. Worldcat finds only three to five copies of each part, and no copies of a set with all three parts bound together. Our copy is from the library of Earl Michael Karl Nikolaus von Lieven (1850-1909), a member of one of the oldest and noblest families of the Baltic Germans. The book contains ninety masterly executed views of Estonia and Latvia (including title page vignettes), supplemented with specially prepared descriptive texts. The plates give a beautiful overview of the Baltic provinces, showing main cities and ports (Riga, Mitau, Libau, Dorpat, Reval, Narva et al.), ancient castles (Baustke, Koknese), palaces and private villas (villas Stavenhagen, Totleben, Heimtali Manor, Schloss Fall, Schloss Hapsal), and beautiful countryside (Gutman’s Cave, Lake Klooga, Pühajärv Lake). Overall this work is a great portrait of the Baltic states in the second half of the 19th century.
Wilhelm Siegfried Stavenhagen was a Baltic German artist and sculptor. He attended Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts (1834), was a student of sculptor Eduard Schmidt von der Launitz in Frankfurt-on-Main; in 1847-49 studied in the Munich Academy of Arts. Since 1850 Stavenhagen worked as a sculptor in Mitau (Jelgava), becoming known as the creator of numerous views of Baltic cities and landscapes (Baltisches Biographisches Lexicon digital).

 

4. [BERLIN & POTSDAM]
[Collection of Nineteen Mounted Albumen Prints of Berlin and Potsdam].

Ca. 1890s. 19 albumen prints, including 15 large ones ca. 21x27 cm (8 ¼ x 10 in) and four smaller ones, ca. 16,5x10 cm (6 ½ x 4 in), mounted on original loose card album leaves (ca. 27,5x38,5 cm). With three other mounted albumen prints depicting the exposition of the Nordic Museum (Stockholm) and an English Gothic style palace. Nine images captioned in German and dated 1893 or 1894 in negative. The mounts are slightly waved and soiled, a couple of images slightly faded, one with two minor scratches on the image, but overall a very good collection.
The collection contains 14 views of Berlin, showing Königsplatz with the Reichstag (taken from the Victory Column, then still on its original location), the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin Schloss, the Neptune Fountain on its original location on the Schlossplatz, Berlin Altes Museum, Unter den Linden with the equestrian statue of Frederick the Great, Berlin University, and the Charlottenburg Palace. Five views of Potsdam show the New Palace, Babelsberg Palace, Sanssouci Palace, the Orangery Palace, and Potsdam Park with the historic mill. Overall a nice collection of large attractive views of Berlin and Potsdam.

 

5. [BERLIN PALACE]
SCHLEUEN, Johann David (1711-1771)
[Copper Engraving titled]: Prospect des Königl. Schlosses zu Berlin, wie sich selbiges gegen die Breite- und Brüder Strasse zu, praesentiret.

Ca. 1780. Copper engraving ca. 19x31 cm (7 ½ x 12 ¼ in). Margins slightly trimmed, otherwise a very good bright engraving.
Attractive copper engraved view of the Berlin Palace (Berliner Schloss), which was constructed in the 15-18th centuries, and served as a winter residence of the Prussian kings and German emperors. The view shows a busy square in front of the palace, full of pedestrians, carriages and street vendors; a glimpse of the Spree River is seen on the right. The view was apparently engraved by Johann David Schleuen, a prolific master, court engraver, known for his plans and views of Berlin. Berlin Palace was heavily damaged during the Allies’ bombardment of Berlin in February 1945 and was demolished in 1950. Work on the palace reconstruction started in 2013; the completion is expected in 2018-2019.

 

6. [BERLIN]
[Original Unsigned Watercolour Showing the View from the Brandenburg Gate into the Tiergarten Along the Charlottenburger Chaussee (Strasse des 17ten Juni) looking towards Charlottenburg].

Ca. 1850. Watercolour on paper, ca. 12,5x18 cm (5x7 in). Recently matted, very good watercolour.
An attractive watercolour looking from the Brandenburg Gate into the Tiergarten along the Charlottenburger Chaussee (today Strasse des 17ten Juni), showing statues on either side of the Charlottenburger Chaussee. The Charlottenburger Chaussee "was made into a paved road in 1799, and owing to Berlin's rapid growth in the 19th century it became a major thoroughfare to the affluent western suburbs" (Wikipedia).

 

7. [BERLIN]
[FORMEY, Jean Henry Samuel] (1711-1797)
[Berlin Academy of Sciences] Histoire de l'Academie Royale des Sciences et Belles Lettres depuis son origine jusqu'a present. Avec les Pieces Originales.

Berlin: Haude & Spener, 1750. First Edition. Quarto. [2], 258, [1 - errata] pp. Title page printed in black and red, with copper engraved vignette; two folding copper engraved plates by Schleuen. Period ink inscription on first pastedown endpaper. Period light blue papered boards with paper label with ink manuscript title on the spine. Binding faded and weak at hinges, spine with a crack on the rear hinge, but overall a very good internally clean copy with wide margins.
First and only edition commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, founded on 11 July 1700. Published on approval of the Academy’s President Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, the book contains an overview of the Academy’s history, eulogies to several noted academicians, and “Pieces originales” - texts of ten original documents related to the Academy’s foundation and history. The last part contains three lists of Academy members showing its development in 1700-1712, 1744 and 1750. The plates depict commemorative medals issued by the Academy, and the title vignette shows an eagle, which is still present on the logo of "Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences". Very good uncut copy of this important book.

 

8. [BERLIN]
JACOBSHAGEN, B. (German)
[Original Signed Watercolour Titled:] Berlin Koengl. Schloss.

[Berlin], Ca. 1920. Watercolour on paper ca. 29,5x23,5 cm (11 ½ x 9 ½ in). Watercolour mounted on period card, but overall in very good condition.
This attractive view shows pedestrians, a horse and carriage, a bus and a car in front of the Berlin City Palace, "located on the Museum Island at Schlossplatz, opposite the Lustgarten park. It was the winter residence of the Kings of Prussia and the German Emperors" (Wikipedia). The National Kaiser Wilhelm Monument which was demolished in 1950 is shown on the left.

 

9. [BERLIN]
REYMANN, Daniel Gottlob
Neuester Grundriss von Berlin [New Plan of Berlin].

Berlin: Simon Schropp & Comp., 1822. Hand coloured copper engraved folding plan, dissected and linen backed, ca. 36,5x49,5 cm (14 ¼ x 19 ½ in). Engraved by Carl Stein. With an elegant copper engraved publisher’s advertising pasted on the linen of one of the folds. Housed in the original marbled paper folder and slipcase, the latter with a small paper title label on the spine. Overall a bright fine plan.
Beautiful bright plan of Berlin with the city districts highlighted in different colours. The insert lists the main sites of Berlin. The copper engraved label on the linen back of the plan advertises “Magazin des beaux Arta et Cabinet de Géographie” – Kunst- und Landkarten Handlung von Simon Schropp u. Comp. (Jager Str., 24). Simon Schopp received a privilege for map publishing and trade in 1742 from the Prussian king Frederick II, and by the end of the 18th century became one of the major European map sellers. His company successfully worked through the centuries and is now one of the best Berlin map shops “Schropp Land & Karte GmbH”.

 

10. [BERLIN]
SCHLEUEN, Johann David (1711-1771)
[PLAN OF BERLIN Titled:] Die Konigl. Preussl: Residentz Berlin Die Konigl. Preussl: Residentz Berlin nach ihrem accuraten Grundriss u. Zweien Prospecten, auch Abbildung der sammtl. Kirchen und vornehmsten Konigl: Gebauden derselben.

Berlin: Johann David Schleuen, Sculptor, [1739]. Copper engraved plan ca. 41x56,5 cm (16 x 22 ½ in). This strong copper engraved plan has a centre fold and some minor marginal creasing and restoration not affecting image. Overall a very good engraving.
This very rare, accurate and attractive plan of Berlin includes a panorama of the city and detail views of the Royal Palace, Arsenal, Grosses Friderichs Hospital and the St. Nicolai, Dohm, St. Petri, Jerusalem, St. Georgen, Garnison's, St. Marien, Parochial & Spandauer Churches. Schleuen's Berlin plans and views represent the finest and most accurate representation of mid 18th century Berlin. This plan was produced in the last year of King Friedrich Wilhelm I reign and shows Berlin just before Frederick the Great began his 46 year reign of Prussia. Schulz, Stadtplaene von Berlin, 83.

 

11. [BERLIN]
SPIKER, Samuel Heinrich (1786-1858)
[Berlin and its Environs in the 19th Century]: Berlin und seine Umgebungen im neunzehnten Jahrhundert. Eine Sammlung in Stahl gestochener Ansichten von den ausgezeichnetesten künstlern Englands nach an Ort und Stelle aufgenommenen Zeichnungen von Mauch, Gärtner, Biermann und Hintze nebst topographisch-historischen Erläuterungen.

Berlin: George Gropius, 1833-[1838]. First Edition. X, iv, vi, ii, 165 pp. Quarto text and Small Folio Atlas. Text with a wood engraved Prussian coat of arms. Atlas with a steel engraved title page and fifty-two steel engraved plates each with two engravings. Publisher's original brown decorative blind stamped full cloth with green paper gilt lettered title labels on the spines. Bindings slightly rubbed on extremities, but overall a very good strong set.
First edition of this classic collection of Berlin architectural views compiled by a noted Berlin journalist, travel writer, translator and librarian of the Royal Prussian Library. The book contains 105 masterly executed steel engravings, supplemented with authoritative descriptions, and is considered as an important documental and visual representation of Berlin’s famous Schinkel style, or Greek revival architecture. Berlin-Bibliothek 65.

 

12. [BERLIN]
WITTIG, Friedrich Wilhelm (German, 1854-died after 1912)
[A Signed and Dated Grisaille Watercolour Heightened with White of a Balloon Ascending over Tempelhof Field in 1912].

1912. Watercolour ca. 29x47 cm (11 ½ x 18 ½ in) mounted on card. With some very minor signs of wear but overall a very good painting. Recently matted.
This attractive and very skillfully executed watercolour shows a balloon ascending over Tempelhof Field in Berlin in 1912. Most likely the balloon shown is the "Preussen" which was the first manned balloon to ascend to over 10,000 metres, a feat which was accomplished on the 31st of July 1901 by Berlin Meteorologists, Arthur Berson und Reinhard Süring. This lively and atmospheric painting shows Tempelhof field filled with people watching a balloon ascend.

 

13. [BOHEMIA]
LEINWEBER, Anton Robert (1845-1921)
[Colour Lithograph Poster Titled:] Deutschboehmische Ausstellung Reichenberg 1906 [German Bohemian Exhibition Liberec 1906].

Reichenberg (Liberec), 1906. Colour lithograph ca. 100x70 cm (39 ½ x 27 ½ in). Mounted on Japanese paper and with some mild fold marks, but overall a very good poster.
Attractive poster for the 1906 German Bohemian Exhibition in Liberec. In the foreground, Rübezahl (Krakonos in Czech) a folklore mountain spirit, and the subject of many German and Czech legends and fairy tales, is shown looking down on Liberec and the exhibition complex from the woods of Jested mountain. Liberec is "located on the Lusatian Neisse and surrounded by the Jizera Mountains.., it is the fifth-largest city in the Czech Republic" (Wikipedia).

 

14. [BOHEMIA]
MEHLER, Johann
[History of Bohemia] Ursprüngliche, chronologische Geschichte Böhmens. In drey Theilen.

Prag: Johann Diesbach, 1806-1807. First Edition. Octavo, 3 vols. c, [12], 434, [8]; 496, [14]; 388, [11], 79, [1] pp. With a copper engraved frontispiece and a folding copper engraved plate. Owner’s ink inscriptions on first free endpapers of all three volumes. Period speckled papered boards with gilt tooled borders and gilt lettered title labels on the spines. Bindings very slightly rubbed at extremities, with mildly bumped corners, otherwise a very good set.
This detailed three part history of Bohemia which makes up much of the modern Czech Republic includes Part 1: From the arrival of the Slavs in Bohemia, in 480, until the reign of Emperor Charles IV, 1346; Part 2: From the Emperor Charles the Fourth, to the Emperor Ferdinand the First, in 1526; Part 3: From Emperor Ferdinand the First and the union of Bohemia with Austria, after the death of the Bohemian King Ludwig, until the end of the reign of Marie Theresa in 1780, with an appendix to the reign of Francis the Second.

 

15. [BRANDENBURG - REFORMATION]
Signed Recommendation Letter for Emissary Wernherr of Castiglione from Johann Georg (1577-1624) (Margrave of Brandenburg, Bishop of Strasbourg and Duke of Jaegerndorf) addressed to Prince Ludwig of Anhalt-Koethen (1579-1650) (Ruler of the unified principality of Anhalt and famous co-founder, in Weimar in1617, of the Fruitbearing Society, the first German Literary Society).

Erichsburg (Einbeck), 21 August 1614. Folio (31 x20cm). One page on a bifolium, black ink on laid paper. Address and remnants of a wax seal on verso. Overall the Letter is in very good condition.
Johann Georg was the second son of the Elector Joachim Friedrich of Brandenburg (1546-1608) and helped develop Protestantism in Silesia. Wernherr of Castiglione was involved in the reformation in central Europe.

 

16. [BRANDENBURG]
CERNITIUS, Johannes
[Prince-electors of Brandenburg]: Decem e familia Burggraviorum Nurnbergensium Electorum Brandenburgicorum Eicones, ad vivum expressae, eorumque Res gestae, una cum genealogiis fide optima collectae.

Berlin: Runge, 1628. Second Edition. Folio. [2] leaves, 110 pp. With a copper engraved title page, copper engraved genealogical tree plate, twelve large copper engraved portraits by Peter Rollos and woodcut initials and tailpieces in text. Large beautiful copper engraved armorial exlibris of Friedrich Roth-Scholtz on verso of the title page. Later brown speckled papered boards with new endpapers. A very good clean copy.
Beautiful illustrated genealogy of the House of Hohenzollern, with portraits of twelve prince-electors (Kurfürsten), from Friedrich I (1371-1440) to the “Great Elector” Friedrich Wilhelm (1620-1688), shown as a child. The engraved border of the title page contains images of twenty-four coat of arms, and a separate plate depicts the genealogical tree of the prince-electors of Brandenburg. The author, Johannes Cernitius was a deputy registrar (vezeregistrator) of the state archives in Berlin. This copy is from the collection of 18th century Nürnberg bookseller and prolific writer Friedrich Roth-Scholtz (1687-1736), author of not less than seventy works, including collections of portraits and signatures of famous booksellers, typographers and book artists (“Icones bibliopolarum et typographorum de republica literaria bene meritorum”, in 3 parts, Nürnberg, 1726-1742; “Thesaurus symbolorum ac emblematum, i. E. Insignia bibliopolarum et typographorum ab incunabulis typographiae ad nostra usque tempora”, 1730); bibliographies ("Bibliotheca chemica, oder Catalogus von Chymischen Büchern", 1725-…); Roth-Scholtz also tried to compile a history of German book trade (see more: Allgemeinen Deutschen Biographie on-line).
“These images might belong to the earliest works of the artist” (Nagler XV, 83); Jocher I, 1812; Lipperheide Da 20; Thieme-Becker XXVIII, 538.

 

17. [BRANDENBURG]
HAGEN, Thomas Philipp von der (1729-1797)
Beschreibung der Stadt Freyenwalde, des dasigen Gesundbrunnens und Alaun-Werks. Aus Urkunden und glaubhaften Nachrichten zusammengetragen. [Description of Bad Freienwalde and its Health Resort and the Alum Mine Found There..,]

Berlin: Paulischen Buchhandlung, 1784. First Edition. Quarto. [iv], 124, [1] pp. With a title vignette and eight folding copper engraved maps and plates. Recent period style brown gilt tooled half calf with speckled boards and a red gilt title label. A couple of spots of minor worming, but otherwise a very good copy.
An early description and history of Bad Freienwalde in Brandenburg. "The settlement of Vrienwalde in the Margraviate of Brandenburg was first mentioned in a 1316 deed and appeared as a town in 1364. From 1618, the Freienwalde manor was directly held by the Brandenburg prince-electors (Kurfürsten). A mineral spring was discovered in 1683. The alchemist Johann Kunckel brought it to the attention of the "Great Elector" Frederick William of Brandenburg, who, gout-ridden, arrived in Freienwalde the next year. Recorded by the physician Bernhardus Albinus in 1685, the Kurfürstenquelle became the foundation of Freienwalde's rise as a spa town. Frederick William's son King Frederick I of Prussia had a first maison de plaisance erected by the architect Andreas Schlüter" (Wikipedia).

 

18. [BRANDENBURG]
KEHRBERG, Augustin (1668-1734)
[Historical and Chronological Description of Koenigsberg in the Neumark]. Augustini Kehrberges, Historisch-Chronologischer Abriß, Der Stadt Königsberg in der Neu-Marck: In 2 Abtheilungen dieselbe also vorstellende, Daß in der ersten, dero... Gebäude, vornehmste Amts-Persohnen... Samt einem Entwurff von der Neu-Marck... In der andern aber der Stadt mancherley Fata und Unfälle, so sie durch Krieg... Mit einem Anhange sonderbahrer Begebnisse dieses Orts, so wol aus glaubwürdigen Historicis und Documenten...; Nebst einer Vor-Rede, Johann Christoff Beckmanns, SS. Th. D. Und Prof. der Universit. Franckfurt.

Franckfurt (Oder) & Prentzlau: Jeremias Schrey, Joh.Gottfr.Conradi & A. Kobsen, 1714-5. First Edition. Small Quarto. [xxiv], 212, [viii], 96, [ii] pp. Title printed in red and black. Period light brown gilt tooled half sheep with speckled boards and a beige gilt titled label. Boards mildly rubbed, text with some sporadic mild foxing but overall in very good original condition.
Rare regional imprint with only six copies found in Worldcat. "Konigesberge" [was mentioned] for the first time in 1244 and passed to the Bishopric of Brandenburg after its acquisition of part of the Neumark in 1252. Populated with German knights and colonists, the town's name "Konigesberge" evolved into the German name "Königsberg" ("King's Mountain"), with (in der Neumark) added to differentiate it from the much larger Königsberg (now Kaliningrad) in East Prussia. After the cession of the "terra Konigesberge" from the Bishops of Brandenburg to the Ascanian Margraves of Brandenburg, the town was granted the right to hold a market as well as regional legal jurisdiction, causing it to become the main town of the Neumark at that time.
A parish church by existed by 1282, while an Augustian monastery was founded in 1290. From 1310 to 1329 the town experienced an economic boom linked to the grain trade, and received further market privileges. The town hall was built in 1320. Trade goods were shipped over the Oder and Röhricke rivers. During the 13th and 14th centuries a defensive wall was built around the town with numerous towers and three city gates (Schwedter Tor, Bernikower Tor, and Vierradener Tor — the latter demolished in the 19th century). From 1402 to 1454 the town was under the control of the Teutonic Knights after the pawning of the Neumark by the March of Brandenburg. The Church of St. Mary and the new town hall (1410) built during this time were some of the most aesthetically pleasing Gothic buildings in the Neumark.
The strong town withstood an attack by the Hussites in 1433 during the Hussite Wars. The town flourished economically during the German Renaissance beginning in the 15th century, but the majority of its population died from three plagues during the 16th and 17th centuries. It had several churches: the Augustinian monastery church, the Augustinian hospital church of the Holy Spirit, and the Churches of Saints Mary, Nicholas, George, and Gertrude. The town gradually converted to Lutheranism from 1539-1553 during the Protestant Reformation, resulting in the dissolution of the monastery in 1536. Its buildings were instead used as a hospital and school, while its church was used as a storehouse. During the Thirty Years' War, it was occupied at different times by the Imperial troops of Albrecht von Wallenstein and the Swedish troops of King Gustavus Adolphus, in the course of which the town was 52% destroyed. After the destruction of the Church of St. Mary's tower by a lightning bolt in 1682, reconstruction commenced until 1692" (Wikipedia).

 

19. [BRISTOL]
[Collection of Two Unsigned Watercolour Street Views of Bristol, Titled on Verso:] St. John’s Gate, Bristol; St. Augustine's Gate, Bristol.

Ca. 1870. Two watercolours on paper, each ca. 16,5x11 cm (6 ½ x 4 ¼ in). Period ink captions on versos. Very good watercolours, mounted together in a recent mat.
Attractive bright watercolour views of the Church of St. John the Baptist built above St. John’s Gate, now the last remaining Bristol’s gateway, and the Great Gatehouse on the south side of College Green
The Church of St. John the Baptist “was built in the 14th century (and heavily modified in the 19th century) with the tower and steeple over St John's Gate, the last remaining city gateway. The church is very narrow as it is built into and alongside the city walls. Consequently it is also known as St John's on the Wall. Beneath the church is a vaulted crypt, which was dedicated to the Holy Cross. A conduit has supplied water from Brandon Hill since 1374, and the course of the pipe is marked in places by small plaques set into the pavements” (Wikipedia).
“The Great Gatehouse, also known as the Abbey Gatehouse, is a historic building on the south side of College Green in Bristol, England. Its earliest parts date back to around 1170. It was the gatehouse for St Augustine's Abbey, which was the precursor of Bristol Cathedral. The gatehouse stands to the cathedral's west, and to its own west it is abutted by the Bristol Central Library building. The library's architectural design incorporated many of the gatehouse's features. The sculptural decorations on the archways of the gatehouse contain early examples of the use of pointed arches in England. The gatehouse has been designated by English Heritage as a grade I listed building” (Wikipedia).

 

20. [BUKOVINA]
Schematismus der orthodox-orientalischen Bukowinaer Dioecese für das Jahr 1863 [Hierarchy of the Bukovina Diocese of the Eastern Orthodox Church for 1863].
Czernowitz: Johann und Rudolph Eckhardt, [1863]. First Edition. Octavo. 147 pp. Period presentation inscription on the first free endpaper “Zum <?> von Parthenie Tomaszczuk im Chernowitz, 1863”. Period owner’s inscription on the title page “Dr. Kratsky” (?). Original yellow publisher’s printed papered boards with printed ornamental frames. Beautiful near fine copy.
Very rare provincial edition, Worldcat finds only two other issues of the same directory: a copy for 1860 (Berlin State Library) and for 1865 (National Library of France).
Comprehensive directory of all ecclesiastics of the Orthodox Christian Diocese of Bukovina, located in the Austro-Hungarian Empire and subdued to the Serbian Orthodox patriarch. Bukovina embraced Eastern Orthodox Christianity at the end of the first millennium A.D. And was traditionally close to the Moldovan Orthodox Church. But when the Austro-Hungarian Empire annexed Bukovina after the Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774, the new Bukovina diocese was formed with its centre at Chernivtsi (1781). Initially it was independent, but in 1783 it went under jurisdiction of the Karlovy Vary metropolitan (since 1848 – the Patriarch of Serbia) who was the leader of all Orthodox Christians in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The directory contains a list of all heads of the Bukovina diocese since its foundation, starting with metropolitan Dosithei Chereskul; a special page is dedicated to the current head of the diocese – metropolitan Eugen Hackmann (1793-1873) who would become the first Orthodox archbishop of Bukovina and Dalmatia shortly before his death in 1873. Then follows a list of the members of the Bukovina Consistory, with Parthenie Tomaszczuk who made the inscription on the front endpaper of the book, named as the secretary (“Actuar”, p. 9); and members of the “Armen-Instituts-Commission zu Chernowitz”.
The directory lists all clergy of the three renowned monasteries of Bukovina – in Putna, Suszewitza (Sucevița) and Dragomirna; and of all parishes of the region (altogether over 280 parishes with 229 clergy members). The last part of the book is dedicated to the Orthodox educational institutions, including Bukovina seminary, gymnasium in Suczawa (Suceava), network of schools under the supervision of Bukovina Consistory (over 90), et al. Each part is concluded with overview tables giving a great view of statistics in each category. The directory is supplemented with alphabetical indexes of names and places.
The Bukovina diocese had to go under the jurisdiction of the Romanian Orthodox Church after the disintegration of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire in 1918. In 1944-45 it joined the Russian Orthodox Church. Since 1990 the diocese belongs to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, in 2012 it was renamed to Chernovitsko-Bukovinskaya Diocese. The southern part of old Bukovina diocese with all three monasteries is now a part of Romania.

 


21. [BUDAPEST]
[Album with Two Large Photo Panoramas of Budapest, Titled:] Budapest.

Budapest: Calderoni es Tarsa, ca. 1890. Oblong Folio (ca. 27,5x33 cm). Two large albumen print panoramas mounted on card, ca. 19x166,5 cm (7 ½ x 65 ¼ in) and ca. 19x137,5 cm (7 ½ x 54 ¼ in). The smaller panorama signed and captioned in negative (R.J.D.). Original red publisher’s cloth album with gilt stamped title and publisher’s name on the front cover. Mounts with mild staining, right lower corner of the second mount detached and neatly reassembled, cover slightly rubbed on extremities, but the panoramas are strong and bright. Overall very good panoramas.
Attractive album with two panoramas of central Budapest, namely of its historical parts Buda and Pest, located accordingly on the west and east banks of Danube. The panorama of Buda stretches from the Citadella on the left to the north of the city, with majestic Buda Castle and Chain Bridge in the centre. The embankment in shown in great detail, with numerous barges docked near it. A slightly smaller panorama of Pest taken from above, gives a city overview from the Margaret Bridge to the Elizabeth Bridge, with the Chain Bridge and Saint Stephen’s Basilika in the centre. The Hungarian Parliament building is seen on the left. This panorama is signed in negative “R.J.D.” and has captions in Hungarian and German, namely: Margitsziget/Margarethen Insel, Orszaghas/ Parlament, Lanczhid/ Kettelbrücke, Basilika; Fovardsi Vigado/ Städt Redoute. Overall a very good album.

 

22. [CONGRESS OF VIENNA]
BENTINCK, Lord William (1774-1839)‚ and other correspondents
[Volume of Important Original Diplomatic Correspondence Related to the Settlement of Europe During and After the Congress of Vienna, Mostly Relating to Italy and Austria‚ Preserved by British Minister Plenipotentiary to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Lord Burghersh in Contemporary Secretarial Copies; the Documents Include Official and Private Letters, as well as Extracts of Reports Written by and Addressed to Lord William Bentinck (British representative to the Court at Palermo)‚ William à Court (envoy to the Kingdom of Naples)‚ Lord Castlereagh‚ Lord Stewart‚ Lord Cathcart (from St. Petersburg), Prince Metternich‚ Prince Esterhazy‚ Marquis Circello‚ and others, Titled:] Correspondence to which Letters, &c. By & to Lord Burghersh have relation. 29th March 1815 to 28 Sept. 1816. Arranged and bound in 1858.

1815-6. Folio (ca. 33,5x21,5 cm). [4] leaves, 263 numbered pages. 46 documents dated from March 1815 to September 1816‚ many of considerable length‚ none removed. Period black half morocco with marbled boards, spine neatly rebacked (with gilt tooled decorations and a title). Paper slightly age toned, right lower corner of the manuscript title cut out, but overall a very good collection of important documents.
Historically important and possibly hitherto unknown confidential source of the details of the intense diplomatic activity at the end of the Napoleonic Wars during and after the Congress of Vienna‚ particularly relating to Italy and Austria. The volume was compiled for General John Fane, Lord Burghersh (1784-1859), the head of the British Mission to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany in 1814-1830, and to Parma, Modena and Lucca since 1818. Among the documents are copies of official and private letters and extracts from correspondence of Lord William Bentinck (1774-1839) – British Envoy to the court of the Two Sicilies and commander-in-chief of the British forces in the Mediterranean in 1811-1815; Sir William à Court (1779-1860) – British envoy to the Kingdom of Naples in 1814, who later replaced Lord Bentinck on the service in Sicily; Robert Stewart, Lord Castlereagh (1769-1822) – British Foreign Secretary in 1812-1822 and the principal British diplomat at the Vienna Congress (September 1814 – June 1815); Charles William Vane, Lord Stewart (1778-1854) – British Envoy Extraordinary to the Prussian Court in Berlin (1810-1814) and British Ambassador to Vienna in 1814-1823, a participant of the Vienna Congress; General William Schaw, Lord Cathcart (1755-1843) – Ambassador to Russia in 1812-1820 and staff officer during the War of Liberation (1812-1814); Prince Klemens von Metternich (1773-1859) – Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire in 1809-1848 and the chairman at the Vienna Congress; Paul III Anton, Prince Esterhazy (1786-1866) – Hungarian Prince and diplomat; Marquis de Circello, the Neapolitan ambassador at London, and others.
The subjects discussed include: fears about the Armistice holding‚ military action against Murat‚ the intentions of the Neapolitan government‚ surveillance of French exiles‚ Bentinck’s refusal of a Diamond Snuff Box offered him by the Neapolitan minister in Rome‚ relations between Russia and England and Metternich’s intrigues (Castlereagh)‚ measures taken by the King of France‚ the Emperor of Austria’s visit to Italy‚ rumours from Sicily‚ the negotiations between Austria and Bavaria‚ the indemnity to Prince Eugene Beauharnais‚ intrigues about the exchange of territory (after the Peace of Paris) between Austria and Bavaria. The volume opens with a table of contents giving a brief overview of 37 main letters.

 

23. [CRIMEAN WAR]
WALKER, Edmund, Lithographer
[Tinted Lithograph]: Birds-Eye View of the Island, Harbours and Fortifications of Cronstadt. With a Distant View of the Mouths of Neva, the City of St. Petersburg, and the Head if the Gulf of Finland.

London: Lloyd Brothers & Co., Day & Son Lithrs., 1854. Tinted lithograph ca. 36,5x51 cm (ca. 14 ½ x 20 ½ in). Drawn by N. Whittock, from a survey and sketches made on the spot in 1853 by Eric Sweynson. Slightly soiled on extremities, overall a very good print.
This spectacular bird-eye view of Cronstadt was taken in the beginning of the Crimean War and gives a good outlook at the system of fortifications protecting Saint Petersburg. The author outlined all existing channels leading to the city, harbours and forts of Cronstadt, the main streets and administrative buildings of the city (the Arsenal, Observatory, Pilots School, the Governor’s Residence, several churches etc.). The view is supplemented with explanations of 25 points on the map, detailing the amount of guns which every fort has, depths and navigability of the channels et al., for example: “The Mole or Outer Harbour for Men of War, the Walls are formed by huge blocks of granite and are mounted with cannon commanding the Channel”; “A Bar, extending from Cronstadt to Lisi Noss formed of Piles, Sunken Vessels & blocks of granite to block up the North Channel, it is on this bar that masses of Granite been placed during the winter”.
The view was lithographed after a drawing by Nathaniel Whittock (1791 – after 1860), a noted Victorial topographical artist and engraver, known for his views of London, Oxford, York, Melbourne et al.

 

24. [DRESDEN]
[Beautiful Manuscript Account of a School Trip to Dresden in the 1920s, with Eight Large Pencil Drawings on Separate Leaves and Seven Lively Ink Sketches in Text, Titled]: Dresdenfahrt.

Ca. 1925. Quarto (ca. 25x21,5 cm). Black ink on laid paper. [T.p.], [29] leaves, [1] blank leaf. With eight pencil drawings ca. 17,5x13,5 cm (ca. 7 x 5 ¼ in) mounted on separate leaves, and seven small ink sketches in text. All pencil drawing and most of the ink drawings signed in the lower corners “W. Wehrs”, most pencil drawings are also dated 1925 or 1926. Period black quarter cloth with papered boards, an ink drawn silhouette of the Dresden Frauenkirche on the front board. Text block is split between leaves [26] and [27], otherwise a very good manuscript.
A lively manuscript journal of a school trip to Dresden, compiled apparently by a native of Hamburg, Saxony (the party took a train to Dresden via Harburg upon Elbe and Leipzig). The narration is divided into twelve “chapters” describing Dresden’s Frauenkirche and baroque architecture, Kurländische and Zwinger Palaces, paintings in the Dresden picture gallery and Sistine Madonna, Dresden’s Great Garden in comparison to Hamburg Stadtpark et al. Three chapters are about the group’s side trip to Meissen and climbing in Saxon Switzerland. The last chapter is dedicated to their excursion to the Seidell & Naumann factory (Dresden) – the largest sewing machine and typewriter manufacturers in the early 20th century Germany. The narration is illustrated with eight large pencil views of Dresden, Meissen and rocky landscapes of the Saxon Switzerland. Lively and humorous ink drawings add a nice touch to the journal.
The journal is supplemented with a large gelatin silver print of the Dresden historic centre near the Elbe River (ca. 17x23 cm, printed by Ratsdruckerei, Dresden), and a collection of eight views of Dresden titled “Der Dresdener Zwinger” (Ohlenroth’sche Buchdruckerei, Erfurt).

 

25. [DRESDEN]
BRAUN, Georg (1541-1622) & HOGENBERG, Frans (1535-1590)
[DRESDEN: Panoramic Handcoloured Copper Engraving Titled:] Dresda Florentissimum Misniae Opp. Illust. Saxoniae Ducum Sedes.

[Cologne], ca. 1580. Handcoloured copper engraving ca. 16x47,5 cm (6 ½ x 19 in). Top half of a two panorama leaf (bottom half Leipzig). Later hand colouring but overall a very good engraving.
This attractive panorama of Dresden shows both the old and new town with the full width of the Augustus Bridge."Georg Braun was a topo-geographer. From 1572 to 1617 he edited the Civitates orbis terrarum, which contains 546 prospects, bird's-eye views and maps of cities from all around the world" (Wikipedia). Civitates orbis terrarum is "the first atlas of town plans and views embracing the known world"( Tooley A-D, p.185).

 

26. [DUBLIN]
[Contemporary Manuscript Account of an English Lady’s Trip to Dublin in 1823, with a Description of the Dublin Suburb of Howth, Dublin streets, Cabs and Carts, Beggars, Irish Manners and Ways of Dealing with People, Clothes et al.]

Ca. 1830s. Folio (ca. 33x21 cm). 6 leaves fastened with a string, with 11 numbered pages of manuscript text. Brown ink on laid paper with the Britannia and “1834” watermarks. The first leaf headed “In 1823.” Fold marks, paper slightly soiled, otherwise a very good manuscript written in a legible hand.
Interesting account of a trip to Dublin apparently written by an English lady (she is addressed as 'Ma'am' and uses the colloquial 'paddy' to describe an Irishman), and addressed to one of her friends (there is a direct appeal to her correspondent in the only footnote). The travelling party arrived to Howth and then moved to Dublin, renting the apartments on the Dawson Street, 'one of the most fashionable streets in Dublin.' The narration describes Howth, 'an open space, with only a few, straggling cottages, low, thatched, and very miserable looking, such as one might have expected to see in the wilds of Ireland, but certainly most unlooked for, within a few miles of the Capital.' On the way to Dublin the travellers were 'surrounded by the most wretched looking objects, in absolute rags, without shoes or stockings, & with their long tangled hair flying loose in the wind, loudly vociferating for charity in every possible variety of tone & gesture'. Along the road to Dublin they saw 'dirty thatched cottages with narrow slits instead of windows', and the 'shabby & dilapidated' houses of the gentry. 'The people we met looked untidy & idle. The men in great coats, put on in "honest Thady's" fashion - without their arms in the sleeves - the women enveloped heads and all in large cloth cloaks - these really and bona fide were the better class, we saw nothing else but rags & barefeet'.
The author also describes the 'very amusing phraseology of the Irish', difficulties with lodging houses, manners of Dublin merchants ('you cannot go into the meanest shop, in which they will not tell you with the most satisfied air, that whatever you buy, is the best in Dublin'); dirty appearance of the Irish people, Dublin streets full of people that “are filthy beyond all power of description, not clothed, but rather partially covered with tattered garments made up of every kind of patchwork, these in general hang so loosely on their wretched owners that their skins are covered at every step. These poor creatures are so loathsome, & swarm in such shoals about some of the best and most frequented parts of Dublin, that the pedestrian is constantly shrinking back in horror, & not without a degree of compunction at being thus obliged to loathe his own kind'. The beggars who 'seem almost to have given up their claim to the rank of human beings, & who it is worthy of remark seldom or never solicit charity from any of their country people as if utterly hopeless of relief', are contrasted with 'elegant figures dressed in the height of fashion, in the richest silks & satins, trimmed with the costliest sables & ermines'.
There is also a description of “the enormous quality of pigs” that inhabit Dublin streets; “the Irish - not satisfied with their ordinary squealing & grunting, have a barbarous custom which is astonishing in a civilized country. They cut the ears of the poor animals which are sold, by way of distinction, so that one's senses are constantly sickened by droves of these creatures stumbling over the stones, & bleeding as if they had just made their escape from the slaughter house - It is not uncommon to see a Cart load or two of Potatoes emptied out in the middle of a street & a fine drove of some hundreds of fat pigs feeding in profusion'.
The final part of the manuscript is dedicated to the Irish 'national vehicle' - 'The jaunting car;' types of carts, manners of cabmen, and ways of calculating payment, 'You must never ask a Car driver or a Hackney coachman his fare - but find out the customary price & offer it, they will not often dispute, but if you shew the least uncertainty about their due they will ask double and triple the amount'.
Overall an interesting firsthand account of Dublin in the Regency era revealing the existing arrogance of the British upper class to the Irish people, a sign of discrimination of Ireland as a part of the United Kingdom which would result in the Irish independence movement.

 

27. [ENGLAND]
NICOLAS, Sir Nicholas Harris (1799-1848)
History of the Orders of Knighthood of The British Empire of the Order of the Guelphs of Hanover; and of the Medals, Clasps and Crosses, Conferred for Naval and Military Services.

London: John Hunter, 1842. First Edition. Folio, 4vols. Folio. pp. [vi], lxxxviii + ii + 266; (ii) 267-515, cxi; [vi], 83, xxxvi, iv, 276, cv, viii; (vi), 92, xxvi, iv, [iv], 100, xxi, [vi], 56, [iv], xl, 28, xviii, 24, xcii. Chromolithographed frontispiece, additional chromolithographed title and twenty-one other chromolithographs on plates. Extra illustrated with nine earlier (produced 1699-1827) copper engravings and mezzotints of British monachs including Queen Mary, King William III, Queen Anne and King Georges' I, II, III, IV. Original publisher's brown blind stamped gilt cloth. Recased with original spines laid down. Original spine edges with some chips, otherwise a very good set.
The beautiful chromolithographs produced using George Baxter's methods illustrate the various orders covered in this work including: the Order of the Garter, Order of the Thistle, Order of the Bath, Order of Saint Patrick, Order of Saint Michael and Saint George and Order of the Guelphs. "In 1842 Pickering, in conjunction with John Rodwell, published Nicolas's History of the Orders of Knighthood of the British Empire etc. (4 vols., originally issued in parts) at a cost of between £3000 and £4000. In Muir's view, ‘it is doubtful whether the technical quality of these prints could be surpassed today’; the plates ‘using gold leaf … are truly magnificent’ (Muir, 152). This work continues to be a valuable source for historians of the subject" (Oxford DNB).

 

28. [ENGLISH LAKE DISTRICT AND SCOTLAND]
[Album of Twenty-Two Watercolours of the English Lake District and Western Scotland].

Ca. 1870-es. Oblong Folio (ca. 31x43 cm). 23 leaves. With 22 mounted watercolours, the majority ca. 17x25 cm (6 ½ x 10 in), others slightly larger or smaller. All watercolours with period ink captions in the lower corners of the album leaves. Period dark green gilt tooled half morocco with green pebble-grain cloth boards and moire endpapers. A very good album.
Album of excellent watercolour drawings made on the spot by an anonymous 19th century artist showing the natural beauty of the English Lake District and western Scotland. The majority of the watercolours show different views of the famous English lakes – Coniston Water, Rhydal Water, Grasmere, Easedale Tarn, Grisedale Tarn, Thirlmere, Derwent Water, Patterdale, Ullswater – with occasional islands, churches, cottages or rural fences on shore, boats in water et al. There are also impressive pictures of the surrounding hills and mountains: a view of Langdale Pikes taken from Lowood hotel, Mt. Helvellyn, St. Sunday’s Craig, colourful picture of Dungeon Ghyll Force waterfall, interesting view of the Bowder Stone depicted without a staircase (it was added not earlier than 1890) et al. The ‘Scottish’ views include a stunning view of the renowned bay of the Oban town with Kerrera and Mull Islands, several mountainous panoramas showing Ben Cruachan, ‘The Shepherds, Glen Etive’ (or ‘The Herdsmen of Etive’), pictures of the mountain pass of “Murford”(?) and of the magnificent Falls of Foyers.
“The Lake District is a mountainous region in North West England, a National Park of the United Kingdom (since 1951). All the land in England higher than three thousand feet above sea level lays within the National Park, including Scafell Pike, the highest mountain in England. It also contains the deepest and longest lakes in England, Wastwater and Windermere, respectively. A popular holiday destination, it is famous not only for its lakes, forests, and mountains (or fells), but also for its associations with the early nineteenth-century poetry and writings of William Wordsworth and the other Lake Poets” (Wikipedia).

 

29. [ESTONIA]
BOECLER, Johann Wolfgang
Der Ehsten Abergläubische Gebraüche, Weisen und Gewohnheiten. Mit auf die Gegenwart Bezüglichen ahmerkungen beleuchtet von Dr. Fr. R. Kreutzwald [Estonian Superstitious Rites, Manners and Habits. With Modern Critical Notes by Dr. Kreutzwald].

Saint Petersburg: Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1854. First edition. Octavo. Viii, 161 pp. Original green publisher’s printed wrappers. Occasional pencil marks in text, p. 21 with a repaired tear, spine cracked. Overall a very good copy in very original condition.
A scientifically commented edition of J.W. Boecler’s book about the pagan traditions and superstitions in the Estland (modern Estonia) first published in 1685 in Reval under the title “Der einfältigen Ehsten abergläubische Gebräusche, Weisen und Gewonheiten.” The book was prepared for publication and commented by Dr. Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald (1803-1882).

 

30. [ESTONIA]
WRANGELL, Otto Fabian von (1655-1726)
Landrath Wrangell's Chronik von Ehstland, nebst angehängten Estländischen Capitulationspunkten und Nystadter Friedensschluss. In Druck gegeben von Dr. C. J. A. Paucker [Landrath Wrangell’s Chronicle of Estonia, with Attached Estonian Capitulation Points and the Nystad Peace Treaty].

Dorpat: Heinrich Laakmann, 1845. First Edition. Octavo. Xiv, 234 pp. Original publisher’s green wrappers with printed decorative borders. Ink stamp of the “Staatsarchiv, Lübeck” on verso of the dedication leaf. Paper slightly age toned, wrappers with a minor crack on the spine, but overall a very good uncut copy.
Very rare Dorpat (Tartu) edition with only two paper copies found in Worldcat. First publication of the manuscript by a Otto Fabian von Wrangell, the chief of the Estonian knighthood, and later magistrate of Estonia. His historical “Chronicle of Estonia” “is considered to be the last credible Livonian (Latvia and Estonia) chronicle” (Wikipedia). Six supplements at rear include texts of the Nystad peace treaty of 1721, capitulation of the Estonian nobility, Peter the Great’s decree and confirmation of the land privileges to the Estonian nobility, and others.

 

31. [FLORENCE]
GORDON, George Huntley, Major
[Original Watercolour View of Florence, Titled:] San Miniato and Porta St. Nicholo – Florence. March 1896.

March 1896. Watercolour and pencil on paper, ca. 25x35,5 cm (10x14 in). Mounted on cardboard, with a manuscript caption on the lower margin. A very good bright watercolour.
This attractive watercolour view of Florence shows the embankment of the Arno with the medieval city gate Porta San Niccolo in the centre and the famous staircase leading to the basilica of San Miniato al Monte. The scene shows people and carriages crossing the central square where the gate stands (modern Piazza Giuseppe Poggi), several fishermen working on the low bank of the Arno; with distant city hills covered with cypresses and houses, and the silhouettes of the Apenninesto in the background.
“Built in the 1320s, the best preserved of the city’s medieval gates still stands sentinel on the banks of the Arno. Behind it, a monumental staircase designed by Giuseppe Poggi winds its way up towards Chiesa di San Miniato al Monte” (Lonely Planet about Porta San Niccolo). “San Miniato al Monte (St. Minias on the Mountain) is a basilica in Florence, central Italy, standing atop one of the highest points in the city. It has been described as one of the finest Romanesque structures in Tuscany and one of the most beautiful churches in Italy” (Wikipedia).
The artist, George Huntley Gordon, an officer of the British Indian Army and a participant of the First Mahsud or Waziri Expedition on the North-West Frontier (1860).

 

32. [FREDERICK THE GREAT, KING OF PRUSSIA]
[Large Masterly Engraved Equestrian Portrait of Frederick the Great, Unsigned].

[Berlin], ca. 1801. Large copper engraved plate, image size ca. 54x41 cm (21 ¼ x 16 ¼ in). Unsigned. With a copper engraved vignette featuring Royal Prussian eagle on the lower margin. Mounted on a period canvas. Margins browned, several worm holes on the left side and bottom (with a few on the image), otherwise a beautiful bright impression.
Rare large equestrian portrait of Frederick the Great, showing him mounted on a white horse and riding in a dignified manner in a forest, with the Sanssouci Palace seen in the far right. It is a beautiful wide-margined engraving, most likely a proof plate engraved by Daniel Berger (1744-1824) on the basis of his earlier equestrian portrait of Frederick the Great which was published together with Daniel Nikolaus Chodowiecki (1726-1801) in 1777 (under the title“Fridericus Magnus Rex Borussiae”).
Our engraving is larger and more elaborate, with additional details added (trees on the left and Sanssouci Palace in the background). The style and size of our print is similar to that of the later Berger’s print “Friedrich der II. In Nimburg nach der Schlacht bey Kollin” (Berlin, 1801, ca. 51x39 cm). The lower margin of our print usually reserved for a title is occupied with a Royal Prussian eagle; so most likely it is a proof plate for an engraving issued by Berger in the early 1800s in the same series as “Friedrich der II. In Nimburg…”.

 

33. [FRENCH CORSAIRS IN THE ENGLISH CHANNEL]
BOURDON DE VATRY, Marc-Antoine (1761-1828)
[Official Letter Written and Signed “M.A. Bourdon,” Addressed to the French Minister of the Navy and the Colonies, and Containing the Accounting Report about Goods Seized by the French Corsairs in the English Channel in 1799-1800].

Le Havre, le 2 Thermidor an 10 [21 July 1802]. Folio (ca. 33x20,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper with printed letterhead of “Havre. Le Prefet Maritime du 2e Arrondissement”. Period brown and red ink notes on the upper margin. Mild fold marks, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good letter.
An interesting document illustrating French corsairs’ activity in the English Channel during the French Revolutionary Wars. This official letter was written by the maritime prefect of the port of Le Havre Marc-Antoine Bourdon de Vatry and was addressed to Denis Decrès (1761-1820), French Minister of the Navy and the Colonies. The letter contains an accounting report about the goods taken at sea by corsairs in Boulogne in the years 8 and 9 of the Republic (1799-1800).
“This is in compliance with your predecessor’s provisions and as per a letter dated 19 prairial year 9 to the Tresorerie des Invalids to get revenue-related orders, which are becoming compulsory and necessary for his accounting. I feel honoured to send you some [...] detailed forms, several copies and extracts of seized goods liquidations done in Boulogne over the years 8 and 9. The letter that I have just mentioned included observations about the following three sums, for which the dispatch of orders was requested
=an amount of 25,352. 9. 2 and the amount withheld of 5 c. Francs from the income of prizes, which were sold off in Boulogne prior to year 8;
=25,151.12 from the same withheld amount taken from seized goods whose liquidation had been done since then;
=38,131.18 paid off from other prizes. The revenue-related order of the latter amount had since been sorted out…”
The report continues for the next two pages.
Marc-Antoine Bourdon Vatry, brother of Louis-François Bourdon, was a French official; general secretary of Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau’s expedition to the United States (1781-1783), director of the colonies at the Naval Department (1792-1797), Minister of the French Navy (1799-1800), maritime prefect of Le Havre, later prefect of Vaucluse, Maine-et-Loire (1809), Gênes, and Isère.

 

34. [GDANSK/DANZIG, POLAND]
[Original Signed Watercolour of the Gdansk medieval port crane, called Brama Żuraw (Krantor) and the embankment next to it along the Motława (Mottlau) River] including the Brama Mariacka (Frauentor).

1942. Watercolour on paper, ca. 25,5x35 cm (10 x 13 ½ in). Recently matted, very good watercolour.
This attractive watercolour signed L. Kinfons(?) shows the west embankment of the Motława (Mottlau) River from the Brama Żuraw (Krantor) built ca. 1367 to the Brama Mariacka (Frauentor) built ca. 1484.

 

35. [GDANSK]
[Original Signed and Dated Pencil Drawing of the Long Lane in Danzig, Titled]: Die Langgasse von Danzig.

7 August 1866. Pencil on paper, ca. 20,5x29,5 cm (8 x 11 ½ in). Artist’s signature (illegible) and date in the right lower corner, manuscript caption on the lower margin. Recently matted. A very good drawing.
Attractive pencil drawing of the famous Long Lane (Langgasse) in Danzig (modern Gdansk), with the Town Hall and Neptune’s fountain in the centre, Arthus Court (Artushof), Golden House, and the continuation of the street in the direction of the Long Market.

 

36. [GDANSK]
BODENEHR, Gabriel the Elder
Der Weixelstroom von Danzig bis zum Auslauf in die Oost See. [The Vistula River from Gdansk to the Baltic]; [WITH:] Danzig. Die Hauptstadt in dem Koniglich Polnischen Preussen. [Gdansk, the Capital of Polish Prussia].

Augsburg, ca. 1720. Two double plate copper engravings each ca. 16x35 cm (6x14 in). Original fold marks, strong impressions and in overall very good condition.
Attractive map of the environs and city view of Gdansk. Gabriel Bodenehr the Elder was a German publisher, cartographer and engraver, best know for his German city views and his Atlas Curieux first published in 1704.

 

37. [GDANSK]
GENÉE, Rudolph
Danzigs (Gdansk) alterthümliche Gebäude. In artistischer und historischer Bedeutung dargestellt. [Danzig's Historic Buildings. Represented in Artistic and Historical Importance].

Danzig (Gdansk): Bertling, 1857-(1864). First Edition. Quarto. 30 pp. With a wood engraved title vignette, a couple of wood engravings in text and twenty-six tinted lithographs on plates. Original publishers' brown blind stamped gilt cloth, Spine faded, text and plates with some foxing, but overall a very good copy.
This important view book of Gdansk was first published in 1857 with twenty plates and then six plates were added to the present 1864 issue. The plates include a beautiful panoramic view of Gdansk, as well as many of the cities most famous landmarks including the Arsenal, Town Hall, English House, Artus' Court, Long Market, St. Mary's Church etc. The current work shows Gdansk during the stewardship of the city's longest serving mayor, Robert von Blumenthal, who held office from 1841 until 1863. Gdansk received a railway link to Berlin as part of the Prussian Eastern Railway in 1852 and in the second half of the 19th century together with Elblag became a center of shipbuilding within Prussia which result in a general economic upswing of region.

 

38. [GDANSK]
GRALATH, Daniel (1739-1809)
[History of Gdansk] Versuch einer Geschichte Danzigs aus zuverlässigen Quellen und Handschriften.

Königsberg-Berlin: Gottlieb Leberecht Hartung – Friedrich Maurer, 1789-1791. First edition. Octavo, 3vols. Xxxviii, 544, [1]; xiv, 608, [1]; xxxii, 547, [1] pp. Period style marbled papered boards with printed paper title labels on the spines, all edges speckled. Small ink stamps on the top margins of the title pages, otherwise a very good set.
First edition of this history of Danzig (modern Gdansk), covering the period from the end of the 13th century until 1752. The book was written by a member of the local nobility, Daniel Gralath the Younger (his grandfather was Danzig City Secretary, and his father – Danzig Mayor); Gralath himself studied law at the University of Königsberg and worked for 45 years as a law professor in the Danzig Academic gymnasium. Wermke 7812.

 

39. [GDANSK]
ZERBE
[Original Signed and Dated Watercolour Titled:] Danzig.

1911. Pencil, watercolour and bodycolour on paper ca. 35,5x28 cm (14x11 in). Recently matted. Title, signature and date slightly cropped by still readable, extreme top margin mildly sunned, but overall still a very good watercolour.
This attractive watercolour shows the Gdansk Long Market with the Neptune's Fountain, Artus's Court and Town Hall.

 

40. [GDANSK]
ZERNECKE, Wilhelm Ferdinand (1790-1859)
Neuester Wegweiser durch Danzig und dessen Umgegend. Eine alphabetisch geordnete Schilderung alles Desjenigen, was in und im Danzig merkwürdig oder in irgend einer Beziehung interessant its. Nebst einem Anhange: Drei Tage in und bei Danzig [The Latest Guide to Danzig and Its Environs. An Alphabetical Description of Everything Curious or Interesting in Danzig in any Respect. With an Appendix: Three Days in and around Danzig].

Danzig: Fr. Sam. Gerhard, 1843. First Edition. Duodecimo. [4], 328, [30] pp. Original publisher’s brown cloth binding with blind stamped frames on the boards and gilt lettered title on the spine, all edges speckled. Previous owner’s ink inscription on the first free endpaper. Spine slightly faded, otherwise a very good copy.
A comprehensive guide on Danzig (Gdansk) compiled by a local historian, city treasurer and magistrate deputy Wilhelm Zernecke. The book lists all important and curious sites in Danzig and around, in alphabetical order. Thirty pages at rear contain advertising of Danzig merchants and manufacturers.

 

41. [GLENDALOUGH, IRELAND]
DRUMMOND, Augusta (1842-1908)
[Original Watercolour View of the Glendalough Monastery in Ireland].

[1871]. Watercolour on paper ca. 25,5x34,5 cm (9 ½ x 13 ½ in). Artist’s signature “A.D.”, slightly indistinct date and caption “Glendalough” in the lower corners. Traces of old mount on verso, minor foxing on the right margin, right lower corner slightly rubbed with the date faded, otherwise a very good watercolour.
Attractive watercolour view of the 6th century monastic settlement in Glendalough, 50 km south of Dublin. The artist depicts Glendalough’s famous stone arches, now covered with the overgrown grass and trees, and a ruin of the renowned Round Tower, here shown in its original state – before the reconstruction of 1876, when a conical roof was rebuilt with the original stones. The scene taken on a bright summer day features local peasants having a conversation near the arch. Full of light and air, it gives a wonderful impression of this medieval Irish Christian site.
The artist was Irish watercolourist Augusta Drummond, an acquaintance of renowned poet and artist Edward Lear (18121-1888). She was born in Kilberry, Kildare, Ireland to Robert Verschoyle and Catherine Curtis. On 5th July 1878 she married Captain Alfred Manners Drummond, nephew of 6th Duke of Rutland, Captain of the Rifle Brigade, discriminating art collector, acquaintance and client of Edward Lear. The couple had a honeymoon trip to India in 1878, and subsequently travelled to continental Europe and Australia; the travel impressions were realized by Augusta in a series of skillful watercolours. One of them depicting Tasmania and titled “Browns River near Hobart Town” is now in the collection of the National Library of Australia.

 

42. [HAARLEM]
STAATEN, Louis van (Dutch 1836-1909)
[Original Signed Watercolour View "near Haarlem"].

Ca. 1880. Watercolour on board, ca. 35.5 x 53,5 cm (14 x 21 in). Signed in watercolour in the left lower corner. Recently matted, very good watercolour.
This view of Haarlem from the Spaarne River is a typical cityscape from this Dutch artist known for his watercolours of Dutch towns as seen from a boat on a river. Haarlem is about 20km directly west of Amsterdam and was granted city status in 1245.

 

43. [HUNGARY]
TSCHERNING, Theodoro. [Kingdom of Hungary]: Das Von den Türcken lang-geqvälte, nun Durch die Christen Neu beseelte, Königreich Hungarn Das ist Kurzgefasste Vorstell- und Beschreibung der Hungarischen Städte, Vestungen und Schlösser, samt angrenzenden Ländern Oesterreich, Mähren, Kärndten, Crain... Siebenbürgen [et]c.

Nürnberg: Martin Endter, 1687. First Edition. Duodecimo. [6], 464, [22] pp. With twelve large folding copper engraved maps which fit together to make one large map of Hungary. Ink stamp “Biblioth. Reg. Scient. Universit. Hvngaricae” on verso of the title page. Early 20th century brown half morocco with marbled boards and spine with raised bands and two gilt lettered labels. Binding with a crack on the front hinge, margins trimmed with loss of date of the imprint on the title page, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare first edition of this work with only eight copies found in Worldcat. With a beautiful copper engraved map of Hungary in twelve parts. This interesting description of Hungary was published around the time when in "1686, two years after the unsuccessful siege of Buda, a renewed European campaign was started to enter the Hungarian capital. This time, the Holy League's army was twice as large, containing over 74,000 men, including German, Croat, Dutch, Hungarian, English, Spanish, Czech, Italian, French, Burgundian, Danish and Swedish soldiers, along with other Europeans as volunteers, artilleryman, and officers, the Christian forces reconquered Buda. The second Battle of Mohács was a crushing defeat for the Turks, in the next few years, all of the former Hungarian lands, except areas near Timişoara (Temesvár), were taken from the Turks. At the end of the 17th century, Transylvania became part of Hungary again. In the 1699 Treaty of Karlowitz these territorial changes were officially recognised, and in 1718 the entire Kingdom of Hungary was removed from Ottoman rule" (Wikipedia).

 

44. [ITALY]
KEATS, Charles James (British, 19th/20th Century)
[Watercolour Titled "Lake Como" (verso) and Signed "C.J. KEATS" (lower right)].

Ca. 1900. Watercolour ca. 32x50 cm (12 ½ x 19 ½ in) mounted on card. Overall a very good watercolour. Recently matted.
This attractive and skillfully executed watercolour shows a typical Lake Como waterfront scene with lakeside villas and manned small boats in the foreground. Keats is well known for his continental watercolours and travelled and painted widely throughout western Europe.

 

45. [KÖNIGSBERG/KALININGRAD]
Adress-Kalender für die Königl. Haupt- u. Residenz. Stadt Königsberg auf das Jahr 1844 [Address Calendar for the Royal City of Königsberg].

Königsberg: E.F. Dalkowski, [1844]. Small Octavo. xxvi, 263 pp. Original period marbled papered wrappers. German library stamps on the title and the last page (with the information that this copy had been sold as a duplicate), period ink inscription on the title page. Wrappers slightly rubbed, with minor loss on top of the spine, but overall a very good copy.
Very rare early provincial edition, with no copies found in Worldcat. An indispensable source for the early urban history of Königsberg, which would change irreversibly exactly in 100 years, after the Allied Bombing in 1944. The address calendar contains names, ranks and information about decorations of Königsberg military authorities and garrison officers; civil authorities; ecclesiastics; administrators, professors and teachers of Königsberg University and all city schools; doctors and medical officers; members of societies, unions and public institutions, city librarians et al. There are also separate alphabetical lists of all officially registered Königsberg merchants, authorized trade officers (Procuristen), accountants, owners of steamship and freight companies; book publishers, booksellers, editors, and antique dealers. According the calendar, Königsberg numbered 37 breweries in Löbenicht district and two in Altstadt, as well as over 50 hotel and tavern-keepers.
More than a half of the book is occupied with an alphabetical list of Königsberg registered inhabitants, with information about their profession and address, military and scientific ranks, decorations (if there are any). The address-calendar opens with detailed alphabetic index of subjects which significantly facilitates the search.

 

46. [LAPLAND]
WAESTFELT, Ludvig
[Collection of Seven Original Photographs of Lapland; With:] Sweden Illustrated (Karl Lund; Goeteborg 1927, 63 pp.)

Ca. 1927. Seven silver mat silver gelatin prints each ca. 17x23 cm (7x9 in). Overall the collection is in very good condition.
The seven attractive photos show the landscape, habitations and people of Lapland. One photo: "Reindeer herds in the high mountains" is illustrated on page 62 of Sweden Illustrated and this publication is included with the collection.

 

47. [LATVIA, HISTORY]
[A Collection of Seven Rare Imprints on the History of Latvia]:
HELMSING, J. Th. Die Reformationsgeschichte Livlands in ihren Grundzügen dargestellt. Eine Festgabe zur Feier der Enthüllung des Luther-Denkmals in Worms [History of Reformation in Livonia and its Main Features. A publication sor the celebration of the opening of Luther’s Monument in Worms].
Riga: J. Bacmeister, 1868. T.p., 1-16, [2], 17-78 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers. Pp. [1-2] and 65-66 misbound, but all pages present. Eight copies in Worldcat.
SCHMIDT, Oscar Emil. Schloss Bauske und Mesothen [Bauska Castle and Mežotne Palace]. Mitau [Jelgava]: Victor Felstko, 1890. [8], 70 pp. With a folding plan of the Bauska Castle. Original publisher’s wrappers. Four copies in Worldcat.
SCHIRREN, Carl (1826-1910). Nachrichten der Griechen und Römer über die Östlichen Küstenländer des Baltischen Meeres. Als Programm einer historischen Topographie Livlands und seiner Grenzen im Mittelalter [Ancient Greeks and Romans in the Countries on the Eastern Coast of the Baltic Sea. A Program on the Historical Topography of Livonia and its Borders in the Middle Ages]. Riga: N. Kymmel, 1852. T.p., 48 pp. Four copies in Worldcat.
KIENITZ, O. Die Schlachten bei Mahòlm und Pleskow. Ein Denkmal Plettenbergs [The Battles of Maholm and Pleskow: A Monument to Walter von Plettenberg]. Riga: N. Kymmel, 1849. [6], 89, [1] pp. With a lithographed portrait frontispiece. Original publisher’s wrappers. Six copies in Worldcat.
METTIG, Constantin (1851-1914). Das älteste Amtsbuch der Schmiede zu Riga und der Schragen derselben von 1578 (Programmaschrift der Stadt-Realschule zu Riga 1890) [The Oldest Account Book of the Blacksmith in Riga]. Riga: W.F. Häcker, 1890. [2], 37 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers. Four copies in Worldcat.
HOLLANDER, Bernhard A. (1856-1937). Die livländischen Städtetage bis zum Jahr 1500 (Programmschrift der Stadt-Realschule) [The City Meetings in Livland before 1500]. Riga: W.F. Häcker, 1888. T.p., 55 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers. Eight copies in Worldcat.
VIERHUFF, Carl Wilhelm Gotthard (1828-1907). Die Frage: Wo lag die Burg “Alt-Menden”? [The Question: Where was the castle “Alt-Mengen” Located?] Riga: N. Kymmel, 1884. 19 pp. Original publisher’s wrappers. Three copies in Worldcat.
Custom made collection of seven imprints. First editions. Quarto. All brochures with paper labels on top of the front wrappers, with the owner’s name (K. Petersen) and dates (October-November 1917). Period brown half suede binding with colour stamped title “Lettland, 1849-1890” on the spine. All imprints but one (Schirren) with the original publisher’s wrappers. Last imprint with creases, otherwise in very good condition.
Interesting custom made collection of seven rare Riga and Jelgava imprints on the history of Latvia. The books are authored by Baltic historians and are dedicated to several obscure parts of the history of Livland: construction and early times of the Bauska Castle and Mežotne Palace (Zemgale region of Latvia), history of the early 16th century battles between the Muscovy and the Livonian order near Maholm and Pleskow, early history of the blacksmiths and city meetings in Livonia, early Reformation movement in Livonia, accounts of the ancient Greek and Roman historians and geographers about the eastern shores of the Baltic sea, and others. Carefully bound together with the original publisher’s wrappers, the books apparently belonged to a local historian. Paper labels attached to the wrappers bear the owner’s name (K. Petersen), and different dates, probably of the books’ purchases. The dates are from 13 October to 19 November 1917, the tumultuous time of the Russian Revolution.

 

48. [LATVIA]
[Luxurious Private Album of Thirteen Large Photographs of the Dervaniski Lake near Daugavpils and Lautzen am See – Patrimonial Estate of the Baltic German Barons von Engelhardt]: Rittergut Lautzen in Kurland. Baron Alphons v. Engelhardt-Schnellenstein. Geb. 26 Juni 1820 – 21 Februar 1872.

Ca. 1890s. Oblong Folio (ca. 31,5x40,5 cm). Thirteen large albumen prints ca. 21,5x27,5 (ca. 8 ½ x 10 ¾ in) mounted on card. All images with period manuscript ink captions in German and Russian on the mounts. Original dark brown morocco luxury album with gilt stamped title and decorative borders, marbled endpapers and gilt edges. Album slightly rubbed at extremities, but overall in very good condition, with bright and strong large photographs.
The album evidently originates from the family collection of the Barons von Engelhardt, and apparently illustrates one of their summer hunting gatherings in the 1890s. Two perfectly executed group portraits show the same hunting party, posing with guns or having a break with some beer and cards. The manuscript captions identify the people shown as “Factotum” (assistant), “Arthur”, “Willja (Schönheiden)”, “Förster” (ranger), “Forstgehülfe” (ranger’s assistant), “Alexis”, and “Piqueur” (whipper). Two of them are most likely sons of Baron Alphons von Engelhardt-Schnellenstein: Alexis von Engelhardt and Arthur Emanuel von Engelhardt - the owners of the Lautzen am See estate at the time. The album also contains several images of the estate itself: panorama of the Dervaniski Lake with the main manor in the background, one of its houses built in typical Baltic style, and a picnic ground nearby. Another group portrait taken in the estate’s park most likely shows the whole family of von Engelhardts: mother Olga (nee Baronesse von Buttlar, 1828-1902), brothers Arthur and Alexis, and their younger sister.
Other photos show views of the Dervaniski Lake (or Uste-See) taken near Lautzen am See estate, Spivakiski, Rostovka and Olgaslust. The photos show fields and meadows, wooden houses of the locals, and very often the hunting party of the Engelhardts with dogs and once even with a bear on leash.
Baron Alexis von Engelhardt (1868-1954) was a Baltic German writer and journalist, author of books on the history of Courland: “Die deutschen Ostzeeprovinzen Russlands” (Munich, 1916) and “Die Kavaliere von Illuxt” (Munich, 1949). In Russia he is known as the author of two articles about Anton Chekhov where he developed two popular stereotypes: “Chekhov – Russian Maupassant” and “Chekhov – pessimist”. (See: “Der russische Maupassant (Anton Tschechow)”// Das litterarische Echo. 1 Jg. (1898/99). № 3. S. 150-153; and “Anton Tschechow” // Almanach d. K. Akademie d. Wissenschaft. Wien, 1908, IX).
Baron Arthur Emanuel von Engelhardt (1864-1932) was a writer on hunting topics, author of “Aus russischen Wäldern Sümpfen und Steppen; Erinnerungen eines baltisches Weidmanns” (Berlin, 1826) and “Mischka (Berlin, 1928)”.
Lautzen am See (Dervaniski) - private estate 9,5 km south to Daugavpils, on Dervaniski Lake (Uste-See) near the border with Lithuania.
See more: Gottzmann C., Hörner P. Lexicon der deutschsprachigen Literatur des Baltikums und St. Petersburg. Bd. 1. 2007, P. 395; Feldmann H. And others. Baltisches Historisches Ortslexicon. Vol. 2. Lettland. 1990, p. 332.

 

49. [LATVIA]
BIENENSTAMM, Herbord Carl Friedrich (1778-1840)
Neue geographisch-statistische Beschreibung des kaiserlich-russisches Gouvernements Kurland, oder der ehemaligen Herzogthümer Kurland und Semgallen, mit dem Stifte Pilten [New Geographical Statistical Description of the Russian Imperial Governorate of Courland, former Duchy of Courland and Semigallia].

Mitau und Leipzig: G.A. Revher, 1841. First edition. Octavo. Viii, 183 pp. With three folding hand coloured engraved plans and large folding hand coloured engraved map of Courland. Period paper wrappers. Period ink inscription on the front wrapper “Bienenstamm. Kurland”, armorial book plate of count Sergey Stroganov on the inner side of the front wrapper. Library stamps on the title page and in text, spine with a crack splitting the book in two parts, but overall a very good copy.
Herbord Carl Friedrich Bienestamm was a German georgrapher and farmer, graduated from the Göttingen University. He lived in Riga since 1824, edited "Nichtpolitische Zeitung für Deutche Rußland" (1830-33) and "Rigasche Stadtblätter" (1828-30). Bienestamm also authored "Geographischer Abriß der drei deutschen Ostsee-Provinzen Rußlands" (1826) and "Kleine Schul-Geographie von Ehst-, Liv- und Kurland" (1826) (Baltisches Biographisches Lexicon digital).
The book is supplemented with beautiful hand colored copper engraved plans of Mitau (Jelgava), Libau (Liepāja) and Windau (Ventspils), and large hand coloured copper engraved map of the Courland Governorate. Our copy has the armorial bookplate of prominent Russian statesman, patron of arts, archaeologist, collector and bibliophile count Sergey Grigorievich Stroganov (1794-1882). In 1825 he founded in Moscow famous Stroganov School for Technical Drawing (now Stroganov Moscow State University of Arts). Stroganov was one of the founders of the Imperial Archaeological Commission, president of the Moscow Society of Naturalists, honorary member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences and Russian Historical Society. His extensive library included books on history, arts, archaeology and numismatics in Russian and foreign languages, manuscripts. In 1929 nationalized collections of the Stroganov family were distributed between the Hermitage, Russian Museum, Leningrad Public Library, Soviet Academy of Sciences, Russian Geographical Society and other institutions. Large part of the collections was sold abroad through specialized state shops: Lengostorg, “Antikvariat” and others.

 

50. [LATVIA]
CRUSE, Karl Wilhelm
Curland unter den Herzogen [Courland Under the Dukes].

Mitau (Jelgava): G. U. Reyher, 1833-1837. First Edition. Octavo. [viii], 356, viii, 304, [2] pp. With a large folding genealogical table. Period dark brown gilt tooled speckled full calf with red and green gilt titled labels. Head and foot of spine with some repair, a private library stamp on title page and book title pages with a square section not affecting text removed, table mildly foxed and with a repair, but overall a very good copy.
"Courland is one of the historical and cultural regions of Latvia. The regions of Semigallia and Selonia are sometimes considered as part of Courland as they were formerly held by the same duke" (Wikipedia). This work is an extensive history of Courland described through the reigns of the various dukes.

 

51. [LATVIA]
PABST, Christian Eduard (1815-1882)
Balthasar Rüssow’s Livländische Chronik. Aus dem Plattdeutschen übertragen und mit kurzen Anmerkungen versehen [Livonia Chronicle of Balthasar Ruessow. Translated from Lower German and Supplemented with Brief Notes].

Reval: F.J. Koppelson, 1845. First edition. Octavo. X, [2], 348 pp. Owner’s ink inscription “C. Martens” on the blank page before the half title, scattered pencil marginalia in text. Period brown half sheep with marbled boards and gilt stamped title and ornaments on the spine. Mild foxing throughout the text, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare Reval edition of Balthasar Russow’s famous history of Livonia.
“Balthasar Russow (1536-1600) was one of the most important Livonian and Estonian chroniclers. Russow is most famous for his Low German-language chronicle Chronica der Provinz Lyfflandt describing the history of Livonia, especially the decline of the Livonian Order and the period of the Livonian War (1558-83). The chronicle was first printed in Rostock in Mecklenburg in 1578 and quickly sold out. A revised edition was printed in 1584. In his work Russow was highly critical of the squander and immorality of the Livonian upper classes. He also complained about the superstitious beliefs and pagan traditions of the Estonian peasants and the venality of mercenary armies during the wars. He praises the rule of the new regional power, Sweden” (Wikipedia).
The Reval edition prepared by the local historian Christian Pabst includes reproduction of title page of 1584 edition “Chronica der provinz Livland”, a foreword of the translator and commentaries. Christian Eduard Pabst was a German Baltic historian. He studied theology and philosophy in Jena and Göttingen, in 1837-47 he was the inspector and in 1842-65 the senior teacher of philology of the Ritter- and Domschule of Reval. Additionally he worked as archivist of the Estonian Knighthood (Estländische Ritterschaft) and as librarian of the Estonian Literature Society. Pabst authored several works on the local history, translated the Livländische Chronik by B. Russow and the Livländische Chronik by Heinrich von Lettland (1867), edited “Est- und livländische Brieflade” (1861-1864) (Baltisches Biographisches Lexicon digital).

 

52. [LISBON]
FOSTER (SKEFFINGTON), Thomas Henry, 2nd Viscount Ferrard, 2nd Baron of Oriel (1772-1843).
[Autograph Letter Signed “Ths. Foster” to his mother Margaretta Amelia Foster, Baroness Oriel, with Observations on Lisbon and the Portuguese].

Lisbon, 22 February (ca. 1791). Octavo (ca. 22x17 cm). Three and a half pages. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Addressed, with postal stamps and remnants of the original seal on the fourth page. Fold marks, tears and holes on the last page after opening, touching a few letters of text but not affecting sense; the tears repaired. Overall a very good legible letter.
An informative letter full of interesting observations, by a member of one of the aristocratic Irish families, who travelled to Portugal either during a Grand Tour or for health reasons (the letter contains notes on his improving, but not yet good condition). Foster starts the letter expressing his impatience to know “how Anna [his younger sister, Anne Dorothea, ca. 1774-1865] has succeeded in her Castle Minuet & only wait for some Authority to congratulate her on her first Appearance as a Lady of Ton…”
The letter contains his observations on the Portuguese weather, people, religious customs and celebrations, etc.: “Snow in Lisbon is so uncommon that a Phisician [sic!] told me, that his Driver on seeing it this time two years got off his Mule to cross himself, the thaw was so sudden then & accompanied with such Warmth that for Many Hours the People of Lisbon concluded that some Part of the Town was on Fire, & very diligently searched for this concealed Flame <…> Oranges or grapes are to be had fresh through the whole year, & there is no Plant that will not flourish in this Climate some one time of the Year, from the Produce of Brazil, to the Coldest Shrub of Iceland <…> Rheumatic Patients are the only growth that dwindles here & some good Englishmen who have been used to a periodical fit of the gout complain that the climate will not fix their disorder to the time they wish. <…>
The Portuguese in general are like the figures you see in Italian Prints, the monks look either dropsical or agueish, you would smile to see a greasy Franciscan friar with only one coarse garment, no stockings & loose broques, carrying an umbrella, when the rules of his order forbid hi, the use of any hat... This is a fair evasion compared with other they practise <…> Where so bad a Police is kept up & so few Atrocious crimes happen, either the Nature of the People must be good, or fear of their Confessors must restrain them. Any man who is detected with a stabbing knife is instantly imprisoned. But the interest of a Nobleman will open any Prison, & the absurd lenity of the Queen will pardon any Offence.
<…> The Patriarch has more than once given me his Blessings as I have passed his Carriage, he represents the Pope in the same Degree that a Vice Roy does his King. The Inquisition is perfectly quiet & scarcely considered as a religious office <…> My Books are by a Friend’s Means released from the Board of Censure, they are very liberal to Strangers in this respect, indeed I know nothing in Portugal which may not be attained by Interest, to put a Man into Prison, or to take him out to marry your Niece <…> All the Nobility are Pensioners to the Crown, & their principal Study that of supplanting each other of the Royal Favour...”
“Thomas Henry Skeffington, 2nd Viscount Ferrard was an Irish peer and politician. He entered the Irish House of Commons for Dunleer in 1793, representing it until the Act of Union in 1801. Ferrard sat as Member of Parliament in the British House of Commons for Drogheda (1807-1812) and for County Louth (1821-1824). In 1811 he was appointed High Sheriff of Louth and in 1818, appointed High Sheriff of Antrim. He succeeded his mother as second Viscount Ferrard in 1821. However, as this was an Irish peerage it did not entitle him to a seat in the House of Lords. In 1828 he succeeded his father in the barony of Oriel, which was in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, and was able to take a seat in the upper chamber of Parliament” (Wikipedia).

 

53. [LIVERPOOL & MANCHESTER RAILWAY]
TUCK, Raphael (Publ.)
[Four Colour Lithograph Plates on Two Titled:] Travelling on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway 1831 Plates I-IV. [Complete Including:] Plate I. A Train of the First Class of Carriages With the Mail; Plate II. A Train of the Second Class for Outside Passengers. - with Three Third Class Carriages Behind; Plate III. A Train of Waggons with Goods, &c. &c.; Plate IV. A Train of Carriages with Cattle.

London, Paris & New York: Raphael Tuck & Sons, 1894. Four colour lithographs on two leaves. Each ca. 24x62 cm (9 ½ x 24 ½ in). Mounted on linen backed thick paper. With some foxing of margins but overall very good lithographs.
Attractive lithographs showing carriages on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1831. "The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was a railway opened on 15 September 1830 between the North West England towns of Liverpool and Manchester in the United Kingdom. It was the first railway to rely exclusively on steam power, with no horse-drawn traffic permitted at any time; the first to be entirely double track throughout its length; the first to have a signalling system; the first to be fully timetabled; the first to be powered entirely by its own motive power; and the first to carry mail. John B. Jervis of the Delaware and Hudson Railway some years later wrote: "It must be regarded ... As opening the epoch of railways which has revolutionised the social and commercial intercourse of the civilized world".
Trains were hauled by company steam locomotives between the two towns, though private wagons and carriages were allowed. Cable hauling of freight trains was down the steeply-graded 1.26-mile Wapping Tunnel to Liverpool Docks from Edge Hill junction. The railway was primarily built to provide faster transport of raw materials, finished goods and passengers between the Port of Liverpool and mills in Manchester and surrounding towns" (Wikipedia).

 

54. [LIVERPOOL]
COX, Arthur (BRITISH)
[Original Signed & Dated Watercolour with Verso Presentation:] Presented to A.W. Drake in memory of his son Frank S. Drake "the Steble Fountain" and view of Public Offices Dale St., Liverpool, 8th Nov./ 90 Arthur Cox.

1890. Watercolour, ca. 44,5x34 cm (17 ½ x 13 ½ in). Watercolour under glass in a period elaborate molded gilt wood frame. A very good watercolour. The original frame with signs of wear but still in very good condition. Watercolour not examined out of the frame.
This attractive watercolour by Liverpool artist Arthur Cox shows a smog filled industrial Victorian Liverpool at the end of the 19th Century. "Towards the end of the 19th century, this was the only undeveloped portion of land between St George's Hall and the buildings in William Brown Street. In 1877 Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Fell Steble offered £1000 (£80,000 as of 2014) to the Improvement Committee of Liverpool City Council towards the erection of a fountain on the site. Steble had been Mayor of Liverpool from 1845 to 1847. The fountain was designed by Michel Joseph Napoléon Liénard and was unveiled in 1879. The casting from which the fountain was derived had originally been designed for the Paris Exposition of 1867. At the opening ceremony in 1879 the mayor turned the fountain on with a silver key presented by Steble, but the water pressure was low and the effect was "dismal". The water was pumped by a steam pump in the basement of St George's Hall, and the noise from this tended to disrupt the proceedings in the courts above. The steam pump was later replaced by an electric pump. The fountain was restored in 1992 when the Tall Ships' Race came to Liverpool" (Wikipedia).

 

55. [LONDON]
HOLDSWORTH, Ellen A.
[LONDON: A Panoramic Watercolour of the Tower of London from St. Olaves Wharf Signed and Dated:] E.A. Holdsworth 1898.

1898. Watercolour ca. 20x41 cm (8 x 16 ½ in) mounted on card. With the remnants of the original artist label stuck to the verso. Overall a very good watercolour. Recently matted.
This attractive and skillfully executed watercolour shows the Tower of London as seen across the Thames from St. Olaves Wharf which was situated on the southern Thames embankment between the London and Tower bridges.

 

56. [MAGDEBURG]
SCHEDEL, Hartmann (1440-1514)
[MAGDEBURG: Panoramic Handcoloured Woodcut Titled:] Madeburga.

Nuremberg, 1493. Handcoloured woodcut ca. 19x51 cm (7 ½ x 20 in) on a larger leaf. Original handcolouring, with an original centre fold and with a very mild water stain on blank lower margin but overall a very good woodcut.
Panoramic view from the Latin Edition of the 1493 Nuremberg Chronicle, showing Magdeburg from the East looking over the Elbe River. Schedel was a doctor of Medicine who, "with the help of others, including the globe maker Martin Behaim.., compiled and published a Chronicle of the World now known as the Nuremberg Chronicle. This work included two maps, an untitled map of the world [on a conical projection] and the first modern map of Germany" (Tooley's Mapmakers Q-Z p117). The maps and views in the Chronicle were the first ever illustrations of many cities and countries.

 

57. [MECKLENBURG]
HANE, Paschen Heinrich (1749-1815)
[Mecklenburg History] Uebersicht der Mecklenburgischen Geschichte.

N.p. [Gadebusch?], 1804. First Edition. Small Octavo. [16], 660 pp. Bookplate of “Bibliotheca Elversiana” on the first paste-down endpaper. Period marbled papered boards with paper label on the spine titled in manuscript ink. Binding slightly rubbed on extremities, first free endpaper with a small cut out of lower corner, but overall a very good copy.
Very rare first edition of this Mecklenburg chronicle which covers the period 780 -1804 was published by a Gadebusch pastor. Our copy is from the library of a renowned German music researcher and librarian Rudolf Elvers (1924-2011), the head of the music division in the Staatsbibliothek Preussischer Kulturbesitz, West Berlin in 1967-1988. Elvers presented his important private collection of original manuscripts of Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy to the Leipzig Historical Museum in 2009. Not in Engelmann. "Like many German territories, Mecklenburg was sometimes partitioned and re-partitioned among different members of the ruling dynasty. In 1621 it was divided into the two duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Güstrow. With the extinction of the Güstrow line in 1701, the Güstrow lands were redivided, part going to the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and part going to the new line of Mecklenburg-Strelitz" (Wikipedia).

 

58. [MEDITERRANEAN AND RUSSIA]
[Album with Fifty Original Photographs of Ports and Views in the Mediterranean and Russia made by a Crew Member of the British Steamer Nigretia].

Ca. 1910s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 17x21 cm). 25 card leaves. Fifty gelatin silver prints ca. 10x15 cm (4 x 5 7/8 in) inserted into the decorative pockets on the album leaves. Thirty-eight images with period ink captions on the mounts. Original publisher's black cloth album by “M.W. & Co. Ltd, London” with gilt stamped title “Photographs” on the front board and a printed title page “The Decorated Interchangeable Photo Scrap Album;” with a pencil inscription “J. Cartirs” on the title page. Spine rubbed and loose at hinges, endpapers and several mounts slightly soiled, but overall a very good album.
An interesting album compiled by a crew member of the British steamer Nigretia (launched 1910) showing its commercial voyages to Russia and the Mediterranean, with a series of images taken on board the steamer showing its crew and cargo. The majority of photographs show Nigretia’s voyages in the Mediterranean, showing Livorno (captioned as Leghorn), Bagnara (Calabria, Italy), Cagliari quay (Sardinia), St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice (mistakenly captioned as “St. Paul’s”), ruins of Pompeii (five views), Nice (two views, including a photo of two American yachts in the harbour), the banks of the Bosphorus with Turkish fortresses, palaces, and the Ortaköy Mosque (three views). The Mediterranean coast of North Africa is represented with seven views of the Algerian ports of Bona (Annaba) and Honaine (with interesting images of construction works over the loading docks), and three views of Nigretia off Tripoli, including a group portrait of Arab workers on the steamer’s deck.
There are also four interesting images of the Russian ports of Odessa and Archangelsk with loaders at work and piles of wooden planks prepared for transportation; views of the Kiel Canal with the Levensau High Bridge (Germany, launched in 1895), the Port of Hull (Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire), two photos of Dartmouth, Devon, and a photo of Nigretia in the port of Charlestown, the United States. A series of photos taken on board Nigretia show its cargo deck, working crew members, and the interior of the salon with several senior officers posing.

 

59. [MONACO]
PINCITI, E. L.
[Signed and Titled Watercolour:] Monaco.

Ca. 1870. Watercolour ca. 27x37 cm (11 x 14 ½ in). Under old matting, a few scattered mild spots of foxing, otherwise a very good watercolour.
This scenic watercolour shows Monaco-Ville from Fontvieille with a young woman and her pack horse in the foreground. "Monaco's sovereignty was recognized by the Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861. In 1869, the principality stopped collecting income tax from its residents, an indulgence the Grimaldis could afford to entertain thanks solely to the extraordinary success of the casino. This made Monaco not only a playground for the rich, but a favored place for them to live" (Wikipedia).

 

60. [NAPLES]
GALLO
[Original Signed & Dated Watercolour of Porta Capuana in Naples, Italy].

1897. Watercolour on board, ca. 37,5x16,5 cm (14 ½ x 6 ½ in). Dated in pencil on the lower right. Watercolour under glass in a recent molded silver gilt wood frame. A very good watercolour. Watercolour not examined out of the frame.
This attractive skillfully executed watercolour shows the Porta Capuana before the top level was removed at the end of the 19th Century. "Porta Capuana is an ancient city gate in Naples.., The gate also gives name to the zone, which is one of the ten boroughs of Naples. This zone being part of the Fourth Municipality.
In spite of the name, the portal is not the ancient gateway to the decumanus maximus, the main east-west road that once led out of Roman Naples to Capua. When the city was extended eastwards in the 15th century as part of the construction of the new Aragonese city walls, the original gate, which had been closer to the castle of the same name, Castel Capuano, was rebuilt and relocated in 1484. Then when the walls were razed, the gate remained free-standing, giving it somewhat the air of a triumphal arch. The very beautiful carving on the 1484 facings consists of classically inspired trophies, flying Victories and other triumphal imagery. Just inside the gate, is the domed church of Santa Caterina a Formiello" (Wikipedia).

 

61. [NAPOLEONIC WARS]
COUTINHO, Domingos António de Sousa, 1st Conde and Marquis de Funchal (1760-1833).
[Manuscript Document by a Notable Portuguese Diplomat, Reporting on Napoleon's 1800 Campaign in Italy, including the Battle of Marengo].

Livorno, 6 July 1800. Folio (36,5x24 cm). 10 leaves stitched together over pink ribbons; pink stitching in gutter mostly gone. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, text in Portuguese. Leaves 1-7 and the table of contents on verso of the last leaf written in neat and legible secretarial hand, leaves 8-9 – by Sousa Coutinho, with his name at the bottom of leave 9 (recto). With a leaf of a French manuscript text loosely inserted. Paper slightly age toned and with mild creases, but overall a very good manuscript.
This manuscript report by prominent Portuguese diplomat D. Domingo Antonio de Sousa Coutinho deals with Napoleon's 1800 campaign in Italy, including the siege of Genoa and the Battle of Marengo and its aftermath. The author, as a diplomat, was focused on the manoeuvrings that resulted in the Convention of Alexandria signed the day after the Battle of Marengo by Napoleon and Austrian General Michael von Melas. By the Convention, Austria ceded all Italy above the Mincio River to the French. Sousa Coutinho reports more briefly on the activities of the British fleet and military manoeuvres in various towns and regions of Northern Italy (Lucca, Bologna, Florence, Genoa, and elsewhere). These observations were made in the author's capacity as special envoy to the Court at Naples. There is a rather vague single-line reference (f. 2r) to "Mylord Nelson, Cavalheiro Hamilton e Miladi sua mulher".
The leaf laid in, in French, begins "Traduction literalle. J'ai reçu et mis sous les yeux de S.A.R. La Prince Regent notre Maitre votre Depeche." It relays orders to give "deux millions de Livres en pieces Portuguaises de 6.400 à la disposition du Gouvernement François."
D. Domingos António de Sousa Coutinho, a Portuguese diplomat and political figure, represented Portugal in Turin (1796-1803). Brother of D. Rodrigo de Sousa Coutinho, the first Conde de Linhares, he served for many years, with distinction, as Portuguese ambassador to the Court of St. James (1803-1814) and to Rome (1814-1818). In the civil war that was raging when he died, he lent his considerable support to D. Maria II. A member of the Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa and author of numerous works on diplomatic and political questions, he was responsible for the publication of the periodical “Investigador Português” in London, a counter blast to the “Correio Brasiliens”, edited by Hipólito José da Costa. From February 26 to July 4, 1821 he served as regent for the absent D. João VI. Sousa Coutinho was created Conde de Funchal in 1808 by the future D. João VI, acting as Prince Regent for his mother D. Maria I. Shortly before his death in England in 1833, he was made Marquês de Funchal by D. Pedro, former Emperor of Brazil, acting as regent for his daughter D. Maria II.
See Afonso Eduardo Martins Züquete, ed., “Nobreza de Portugal e do Brazil”, II, 629; also “Grande enciclopédia” XI, 964-5.

 

62. [NICHOLAS II OF RUSSIA]
BAKMANSON, Gugo Karlovich (1860-1953)
[Chromolithograph Portrait of the Emperor Nicholas II of Russia:] Ego Imperatorskoe Velichestvo Gosudar Imperator Nikolai Alexandrovich v forme L. Gv. Konnago Efo Velichestva polka [Sa Majesté Impériale L’Empereur Nicolas Alexandrovitch en uniforme du régiment des Gardes-à-cheval].

Saint Petersburg: R.V. Pets, E.I. Marcus Lith., 1896. Chromolithograph ca. 38x52 cm (ca. 15 x 20 ½ in). Paper very mildly browned, minor mounting residue on verso, otherwise a very good chromolithograph.
This beautiful portrait of the Russian Emperor Nicholas II is one of the most spectacular plates from the special album issued to commemorate the coronation of Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Fedorovna which took place in Moscow on 14 (26) May 1896. The album was published by the Saint Petersburg company of Robert Poetz under title “Souvenir du Couronnement de Leurs Majestés Impériales à Moscou 1896. L`Empereur Nicolas Alexandrovitch en tenue de 10 régiments dont Sa Majesté est Chef.” It consisted of ten chromolithographs depicting the Emperor dressed in the uniforms of ten Imperial regiments which he was the Chief of; the album was printed in very small print run which were intended for the members of the Imperial House of Romanovs and people close to them. The drawings for the album were executed by a renowned Russian painter of battle pieces Gugo Karlovich Backmanson, a student of the Russian Academy of Arts and an officer of the Life-Guards Izmailovsky Regiment since 1884.
The Emperor is shown mounted on a horse and dressed in the official uniform of the Imperial Life-Guards Cavalry regiment. Nicholas II is shown on the Palace Square with the Winter Palace and the Alexander Column in the background. The official censorship permission printed on the lower margin of the lithograph is 24 April 1896, which is just a couple of weeks before the coronation.

 

63. [NORWAY & SWEDEN]
LINDAHL, Axel (1841-1906); BEYER, F.; JAEGER, J. &c.
[Collection of Thirty Large Original Photographs of Norway and Sweden].

Thirty large albumen prints ca. 16,5x23 cm (6 ½ x 9 in) mounted on original card leaves (ca. 33x47 cm). The majority of images captioned in Norwegian and Swedish in negative at the bottom, and supplemented with period ink captions in German on the mounts. Housed loosely in a period portfolio with grey cloth boards and red sheep spine with gilt tooled faded label “Scandinavie.” The leaves are slightly waved and soiled, the portfolio is rubbed and worn, but the images are bright and sound. Overall a very good collection.
The attractive photographs in this collection include:
1) 83. Bygdo. Fra Parken ved Oscarshald. Axel Lindahl.
2) Hvalfangerskibet Düncan Greys Skytter og Kanon Skaarö, M.G./ Walfisch-Kanope v. Walfischboot Düncan Greys.
3) 1699. Thelemarken. Veien over Haukelidfeld, Rensdyr./Renthierherdeam haukelid-Berg
4) 393. Sogn, Borgunds nye Kirke fra Svartegjaeld/ Sogn, Borgunds neue Kirche, gesch.v. Svartegjaeld
5) 2358. Soan. Naerdalen. Seflefos. Axel Lindahl.
6) 713. Romsdalen. Slettafos/ Slettafall
7) 710. Romsdalen. Vermaafossene/ Vermaa-fälle
8) 757. Romsdalen. Mardalsfos fra Eikisdalen. Axel Lindahl/ Mardals- fälle
9) No. 235. Slettafos. Eneret 1891. F. Beyer, Bergen
8) 712. Romsdalen, Vermaafossene/ Vermaa-fälle
9) 711. Romsdalen, Vermaafossene/ Vermaa-fälle
10) 49. Christiania fra Ekeberg. I. Axel Lindahl / Christiania
11) 2364. Sogn. Naeredalen. Stalheim Hotel. Axel Lindahl/ Hot. Stallheim im Naero-Thal
12) 36. Nordstrand Bad ved Christiania. Axel Lindahl/ Bad Nordstrand b. Christiania
13) 52. Christiania fra Oscarhald. II. Axel Lindahl/ Christiania (pencil)
14) 1639. Thelemarken. Loveid Kanal/ Loveid-Shleussen-Kanal, Thelemarken, Norw.
15) 77. Bygdo. Oscarshald fra Skarpsno. / Oscarhald
16) 1145. Tromso/ Tromsö
17) 1887 [?] Hamerfest wahrend dei Brande
18) 1223. Finmarken. Hammerfest
19) No. 220. Romsdalshorn. Eneret 1891. F. Beyer, Bergen/ Romsthalhorn
20) 2313. Sodn. Borgunds Kirke.
21) No. 26. Stockholm. Utsigt fran Mosebacke. J. Jaeger Kgl. Hoffotograf/ Stockholm
22) No. 2. Stockholm och dess omnigifningar. Kgl. Slottet, sedt fram Skeppsholmen. J. Jaeger Kgl. Hoffotograf/ Kgl. Sloss in Stockholm
23) No. 255. Trondhjeims domkirke. Eneret 1891. F. Beyer, Bergen/ Domkirche in Trontheim
24) 2432. Hardanger, Odde. Axel Lindahl/ Odde am Hardanger-fjord
25) No. 378. Upsala. Nya Universitetshuset. Lidahis Fotografiaffar, Stockholn/ Upsala, Neue Universitat (pencil)
26) 1512. Bergen, Panorama fra Floifjeldet I. Axel Lindahl/ Panorama v. Bergen
27) 1512. Bergen, Panorama fra Floifjeldet II. Axel Lindahl/ Panorama v. Bergen
28) 9293. Olat kyrre. K. Knudsen, Bergen/ Norw. Dampher “Olaf Kyrre”
29 & 30 Uncaptioned.

 

64. [PARIS]
[An Attractive Unsigned Watercolour of the Statue of Étienne Marcel by Antonin Idrac next to the Hôtel de Ville].

Ca. 1885. Painting ca. 26x37 cm (10 x 14 ½ in) mounted on larger card. Overall a very good painting. Recently matted.
This attractive impressionistic watercolour show a lively people filled Quai de Hôtel de Ville with the Statue of Étienne Marcel and Hôtel de Ville to the right and the Seine embankment on the Left.
"Étienne Marcel (between 1302 and 1310 – 31 July 1358) was provost of the merchants of Paris under King John II, called John the Good (Jean le Bon). He distinguished himself in the defense of the small craftsmen and guildsmen who made up most of the city population" (Wikipedia).

 

65. [POMERANIA]
[Original Unsigned Watercolour of Stralsund and the Baltic Coastline].

Ca. 1900. Watercolour on paper, ca. 26,5x24,5 cm (14 ½ x 9 ½ in). Recently matted, very good watercolour.
This attractive well executed watercolor shows the Stralsund old town with the spires of the St.-Nikolai, St.-Jakobi, Holy Spirt churches as seen from the beach north of the town looking south. In 1293 Stralsund became a member of the Hanseatic League and today is one of the main towns of Western Pomerania.

 

66. [POMERANIA]
HOMANN, Johann Baptist (1664-1724)
[Panorama and Plan of Stralsund and Environs] Prospect Grundris und Gegent der Konigl. Schwed. Vestung Stralsund wie solche den 15 Julij Ao 1715 von den Nordischen Hohen Allijrten ist belagert worden. Von (tit.) Herrn Daniel Heer Königl. Poln. Und Churf. Säx. Ingenieur-Major abgezeichnet.

Nuernberg, [1716]. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 49x58 cm (19 ¼ x 23 in). Original centrefold, A very good map.
"From: Grosser Atlas. This map depicts the town of Stralsund in northern Germany as besieged by the Danish & Prussian armies on July 15, 1715. Meticulous troop placements surround the city under siege in one of the many attempts to take it by foreign invaders. An inset at the left also describes various ship operations approaching Peenemunde. Under the map lies an expansive view of Stralsund, framed on both sides by allegorical figures. The map was prepared by Daniel Heer" (Old World Auctions).

 

67. [POMERANIA]
SCHWARZ, Albert Georg von (1687-1755)
[Diplomatic History of the Swedish Pomeranian Cities] Diplomatische Geschichte der Pommersch-Rügischen Städte Schwedischer Hoheit nach ihrem Ursprung und erster Verfassung. Nebst angehängter Historie der Pommerschen Grafschaft Gützkow.

[Greifswald]: Hieronymus Johann Struck, [1755]. First Edition. Octavo. [8], 862, [26] pp. With copper engraved initials, head- and tail pieces in text. Occasional pencil and ink marginalia in text, bookplate and stamp of Hans Börst (Saarbrücken) on the first endpaper. Period brown half sheep with papered boards; spine with raised bands and blind stamped title label; all edges coloured red. Binding rubbed, spine with small cracks on hinges, but overall a very good internally clean copy.
Rare first edition of this early history of Swedish Pomerania with only three copies found in Worldcat. Interesting Greifswald imprint, authored by a noted local historian and aristocrat. "Schwarz’s last work was focused on the history of Pomeranian cities and monasteries; it was published shortly after his death on 10 June 1755, to which his previous book “History of the county town Gützkow” was added, in a revised and enlarged form” (ADB XXXIII, 223). Our copy is from the library of Saarbrücken historian and genealogist Hans Börst, who authored over twenty articles in the “Saarländische Ahnen- und Stammreihen” (1970-1980s).

 

68. [PORTUGUESE CIVIL WAR, 1828-1834]
WEST, Charles Augustus, Lt.-Col. (1766-1854)
[Autograph Letter Signed “Augustus West” to Lord Beresford concerning the Latest Affairs of the War of Two Brothers in Portugal].

Paris, 15 May 1829. Quarto (ca. 23x18,5 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Fold marks and centre folds with small tears on the outer margins (on folds) not affecting the text, otherwise a very good letter.
A letter with an important diplomatic report on the development of the conflict between the liberal and absolutist parties in Portugal during the Portuguese Civil War, or the War of Two Brothers (1828-1834). The author, Lt. Col. Charles Augustus West was a British military officer who saw active service in Ireland, Holland, Egypt, Germany, Denmark, Portugal and Spain, winning an additional clasp for his bravery at the Battle of Talavera (1809). In 1811 he became Lieut. Governor of Landguard Fort (near Harwich) and since then seems to have been engaged in the affairs of Europe.
“William Carr Beresford, Viscount Beresford (1768-1854) was a British general and Portuguese marshal prominent in the (Iberian) Peninsular War of 1808-14. General Sir Arthur Wellesley, the future Duke of Wellington, chose him to reorganize the Portuguese army, in which Beresford was given the rank of marshal (March 7, 1809). He served Portugal until 1819, being successively created count, marquess, and duke in that country’s peerage. During Wellington’s first prime ministry he was master general of the ordnance (1828-30)” (Encyclopaedia Britannica).
“The M. De Palmella called on me yesterday to thank me for my attention to his unfortunate sister - he talked a good deal about Portugal of times past and present and he wanted to know how things were now going on there and particularly in the Palace and alluding to the quarrel between D.M. [Dom Miguel] and his sister [infanta Isabel Maria]. It appears to me that the plan was to get the Princess to escape, either in a French or in an English vessel and I have reason to believe that the great emigration from Portugal of many of the families and others was a planned thing from the beginning and all done by the same party - but now I see that a great many would be rejoiced to return to Portugal tomorrow and would return if there was an amnesty - many of those that are here are in great distress and Parati will in a few days be without a soul. Abrantes denies me to say anything to gain Lordship for him, but he is as violent as ever. Villa Flor is again returned to London – he merely came here with his wife & I suppose to receive instructions. I am told he goes as Governor to Terceira. The M. De Valenca has also left Paris for London & in great want of money. Joao Carlos de Saldanha is gone to Calais for his wife & it appears he and his family are completely opposed now to the M. De Palmella. I have called on poor Alva but I have not seen him since the death of his wife his head is not right & he wanders a good deal…”
The War of the Two Brothers was between Dom Pedro & Dom Miguel, sons of Dom John king of Brazil and Portugal. Leaving his eldest son to govern Brazil, Dom John reluctantly returned to Portugal having fled to Brazil during the Napoleonic Campaigns. His wife Carlota Joaquina and younger son Dom Miguel refused to swear an oath to uphold the constitution. Dom John died in 1826 having made no provision for the succession, his daughter Maria Isabel was named Regent. When his older brother refused to return to the throne of Portugal, declaring Brazil independent and himself as the first Emperor, renouncing the Portuguese throne in favour of his daughter Maria da Gloria provided she marry her uncle, Dom Miguel took that opportunity to foment the feeling against his brother. In 1827 he was appointed Regent and King in 1828. Only the island of Terceira in the Azores remained loyal to Maria da Gloria and declared a Regency in June 1829. West gives notice in this letter, dated the month before, that Villa Flor, later Duke of Terceira, is off to the island presumably to effect that declaration.

 

69. [PORTUGUESE CIVIL WAR, 1828-1834]
[BADCOCK, Sir Lovell Benjamin, General, KH, KCB] (1786-1861)
[Collection of Three Autograph Letters, Written by, Addressed to or Mentioning Badcock, and Closely Related to the Events of the Portuguese Civil War in Which Badcock was a Military Reporter].

1832-1834. Three ALS, two Folios and one Octavo. In all 9 pp. of text. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper or writing paper. Fold marks, paper of one letter slightly age toned, otherwise a very good collection.
The collection includes:
1) Autograph letter written in secretarial hand and signed by Henry Unwin Addington, addressed to Lovell Badcock. With Addington’s additional P.S. Note in the end. St. Ildefonso [Spain], 26 August 1832. Folio (ca. 31x20 cm). 4 pp.
2) Anonymous letter of a British official about the latest events of the Portuguese Civil War mentioning a report by Badcock. Lisbon, 4 Jun. 1833. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 3 pp.
3) Autograph Letter Signed by Badcock, probably to his superior Lord William Russell. London, 23 May 1834. Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm). 2 pp.
In his letter to Badcock Henry Unwin Addington (1790-1870), then a British ambassador to the Spanish court in Madrid, talks about the latest events after the recent embarkation of the fleet of Dom Pedro, one of the contestants of the Civil War, on the Portuguese coast near Porto and his capture of the city. Addington informs his correspondent about the preparations of the Spanish troops and naval forces to intervene into the Portuguese affairs. “… the Count d’Alcudia has announced to me that it may be deemed necessary by his Government to exact it by force, namely by marching Spanish troops into Portugal and by placing Spanish ships of war before Oporto. <…> The movements which you report exactly coincide with those which the Count d’Alcudia had previously announced to me <…> We … stand in a critical position, and it is therefore necessary to exert every possible vigilance to prevent a surprise; or to meet it if it should come upon us <…>”
The second, anonymous letter was written by a British resident of Lisbon, then under control of the Miguelite forces and shorty before its capture by the Liberal troops of Dom Pedro. “We are here in the same state looking to you to relieve us as you seem to be looking to foreign intervention, so I fear we should look till Providence relieves us. I see no other chance, unless your new French general does something to get you out of Oporto, indeed in my opinion it is of the greatest importance that Dom Pedro should now gain some military success for it would incline the Court of Spain to listen to M. Stratford Canning’s proposition, <…> so convinced are they of his ultimate failure… What a misfortune that the Algarva expedition never took place, I am told there is not a soldier in that Country, that a final body of troops might march to the south bank of the Tagus… But there is neither energy nor enterprise in your friends. <…> Dom Pedro seems to be surrounded & governed by such fools & rogues that I take less interest in his course every day. But the tyranny that oppresses this Country cannot be endured, here people are growing heartily sick of it and the wish for the abdication of Miguel increases every day. It is said that Mr. St. Canning is to propose Da. Maria mutual conception, this is the best thing to do, for I see no men fit to govern this unfortunate Country, nor the material for making two Chambers. Portugal must be governed by force for some time to come”.
The last letter written by Badcock and apparently addressed to his superior, Lord William Russell (1767-1840), gives a brief report of the former’s service during the Portuguese Civil War: “Having lately returned from Portugal & Spain, where I have been serving two years under your Lordship’s Command, I beg to solicit your favour to endeavour to obtain for me, from His Majesty’s Government, some remuneration or reward for my services during that period, in which I believe I met with your Lordship’s appropriation as also that of Mr. Addington, the then Minister at the Court of Madrid.
I need not recall to Your Lordship the disagreeable as well as perilous situations in which at different times I have been placed, passing thro’ a country excited by Civil War. The remaining 4 Months with the Spanish army, considered by them as an enemy & exposed to all the jealousy of the Spanish Authorities. And for which I received the thanks of the Minister at Madrid. On my return to Portugal from Spain proceeded immediately to Porto & remained there during the Siege, from the beginning of Jany. 1833 till the end of it in July. And present at most of the affairs that took place between the contending parties.
On my return from Porto repeatedly employed in writing and reporting upon the armies before Santarim[?] and latterly to the Algarvas &c., during which periods exposed not only to the fire of the contending parties, but also to pestilence & famine <…> I have mentioned remuneration or reward in the body of my letter, but I beg your Lordship to understand that, as a Military man, I should value some mark of my Sovereign’s approbation, conveying professional distinction beyond any other”.
Overall an interesting collection of informative letters giving an inside into the British prospective on the Portuguese Civil War (1828-1834)

 

70. [POTSDAM]
[Attractive Copper Engraved Plan Titled:] Grundriss von der Stadt Potsdam.
Ca. 1780. Copper engraved plan ca. 35,5x43 cm (14x17 in). A minor crease in the upper part of the plan, some very mild minor foxing blank margins, but otherwise a very good plan
This attractive map of Postdam which is similar in style to the Berlin Plans of Johann David Schleuen (1711-1771) has thirteen views of the most famous buildings of the city framing the central plan. These views include the Garrison, St. Nicolai, Holy Spirit & French Churches and also the City Hall, Rifle Factory, Sanssouci, Royal Palace, Japanese Palais etc. "After the Edict of Potsdam in 1685, Potsdam became a centre of European immigration. Its religious freedom attracted people from France (Huguenots), Russia, the Netherlands and Bohemia. The edict accelerated population growth and economic recovery.
Later, the city became a full residence of the Prussian royal family. The majestic buildings of the royal residences were built mainly during the reign of Frederick the Great. One of these is the Sanssouci Palace (French: "without cares", by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, 1744), famed for its formal gardens and Rococo interiors. Other royal residences include the New Palace and the Orangery" (Wikipedia).

 

71. [PRAGUE DURING THE REVOLUTION OF 1848]
[Collection of First Twenty-Eight Issues of the:] Prager Abend-Blatt.

Prag: C.W. Medau, 1-30 June 1848. Octavo. 112, 6 folding leaves. With fourteen pages of cut out illustrations and newspaper clippings pasted to the front endpaper and thick paper leaves bound in. Period card and marbled paper covers with a newspaper clipping with the “Prager Abend-Blatt” title stuck to the front board. Binding slightly rubbed, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good copy.
Custom made collection of first 28 issues of the rare “Prager Abend-Blatt,” providing a great illustration on the point of view of the Prague German nationalist community on the revolutionary events of 1848. Worldcat finds only five paper copies of this periodical. This collection assembled at the time or shortly after the revolutionary events is supplemented with eleven cut-out illustrations, showing Czech revolutionary students, members of the National Guard, Bohemian leader Peter Faster and Austrian leader Alfred Ferdinand Fürst zu Windisch-Grätz, scenes of a Slavic service on the Rossmarkt (Wenceslas Square), street fights, barricades, attack to the bridge in the old town, fire in the old town et al. The three folding leaves at rear are apparently separately published leaflets on the “Beitrag zu den Prager Ereignissen” (dated 21 July 1848), “Kundmachung” by Alfred Fürst Windischgrätz (dated 2 August 1848), and “Betrachtungen über das Gedicht: Eine Warnungsstimme aus Italien.”

 

72. [PRAGUE]
[Original Mounted Five-Part Photograph Panorama Titled (Verso):] Prag.

Ca. 1885. Five part photograph panorama leporello, mounted albumen prints together ca. 8,5x54 cm (3 ½ x 21 ½ in). Housed in original red cloth covers, a few spots of very mild foxing of mounts, but overall a very good panorama.
In the middle left of the panorama one can see the Rudolfinum, which indicates that the photograph must be dated after 1884. This attractive photographic panorama of the banks of the Vltava river and the old town of Prague as seen from Letna, shows the Charles Bridge in the background, and other famous Prague landmarks such the Church of Our Lady before Týn, Astronomical Clock, Powder Tower etc.

 

73. [PRAGUE]
[Original Mounted Photograph Titled:] Panorama of the City of Prague.

Ca. 1880. Original four part photograph ca. 19x72,5 cm (7 ½ x 28 ½ in) mounted on two leaves. One leaf with five other smaller (each ca. 10x14 cm or 4 x 5 ½ in) titled photographs of Prague mounted on the verso. Overall a very good panorama.
This attractive photographic panorama of the banks of the Vltava river and the old town of Prague as seen from Letna, shows the Charles Bridge in the background, and other famous Prague landmarks such the Church of Our Lady before Týn, Astronomical Clock, Powder Tower etc.

 

74. [PRAGUE]
BLAHA, F.
[Attractive Original Signed Watercolour Showing the Western Gate of the Charles Bridge in Prague Looking West from the Bridge].

1943. Watercolour on paper, ca. 23,5x17,5 cm (9 ¼ x 7 in). Signed and dated in watercolour in the right lower corner. Recently matted, very good watercolour.
An attractive well executed watercolour of this famous historic bridge that crosses the Vltava river in Prague. The statue of St. Adalbert is shown on the left while the Church of St. Nicholas is seen in the background behind the west gate.

 

75. [PRAGUE]
BRAUN, Georg (1541-1622) & HOGENBERG, Frans (1535-1590)
[PRAGUE: Panoramic Handcoloured Copper Engraving Titled:] Palatium Imperatorum Pragae Quod Vulgo Ratzin Appelatur / Praga Regni Bohemiae Metropolis.

[Cologne], 1588. Handcoloured copper engraving ca. 6x49 cm (14 x 19 ½ in). Later hand colouring but overall a very good engraving.
"This sheet contains two fabulous views of Prague, the ancient capital of Bohemia and the capital of the Holy Roman Empire during the reign of Charles IV. The panoramic views are based on the drawings of Georg Hoefnagel. The upper view depicts the Archiepiscopal Palace, Hradcany Castle & St. Vitus Cathedral. The lower panorama shows the city from the southeast with the Josefske mesto (Josef's town or the Jewish quarter) left, Stare mesto (Old Town) & Nove mesto (New Town) at center. The famous 14th century Charles Bridge crosses the Vltava river to the Mala Strana (Little Quarter) on the right, with the Hradcany Castle perched on a hill overlooking the city" (Old World Auctions).
"Georg Braun was a topo-geographer. From 1572 to 1617 he edited the Civitates orbis terrarum, which contains 546 prospects, bird's-eye views and maps of cities from all around the world" (Wikipedia). Civitates orbis terrarum is "the first atlas of town plans and views embracing the known world" (Tooley A-D, p.185).

 

76. [PRAGUE]
BURTSCHER, Anton (Austrian, 1887-1987)
[Original Signed Watercolour of Prague with Charles Bridge].

Ca. 1910. Watercolour and pencil on paper, ca. 16,5x24 cm (6 ½ x 9 ½ in). Recently matted and glazed and framed in an attractive period frame. Watercolor in very good condition. Not viewed out of the frame.
An attractive early landscape view of Prague by a known Austrian realist painter. The watercolour shows the view from the east embankment of the Vltava River towards the west side with the Charles Bridge shown on the left and the Prague Castle and the St Nicholas Church shown in the background.

 

77. [PRUSSIA, PASSPORT]
[Official Passport Given to Prussian Photographer Friedrich Karl August Kühnemann for Travels to Russia, with the Translation into Russian and a Dozen Notes by Various Consular and Border Officers on Verso].

Berlin: Königl. Preuss. Ministere des Innern, 10 February 1857. Elephant Folio broadside (ca. 45x33 cm), with the additional leaf for border officers’ entries attached to the bottom (ca. 20,5x33 cm). 1 p. Official woodcut passport form filled in brown ink. With over a dozen officials’ entries and stamps on verso. Fold marks, paper age toned, worn on extremities, but overall a very good document.
Interesting example of a 19th century European travel passport. It was given to a “portrait maker and photographer” Friedrich Karl August Kühnemann, a native and resident of Berlin, for his work in Russia and was valid for one year. There is an interesting description of Kühnemann’s appearance: “26 years old, of medium height, hair and eyebrows fair, eyes brown, nose and mouth ordinary, chin and face oblong”. The notes left by consular or border officials range from 29 January/10 February to 25 October/3 November 1857. According to them, Kühnemann travelled via Austria and Breslau, crossed the Russian border at Brody, and proceeded to Husiatin, Kamenets-Podolsky and Odessa.

 

78. [PRUSSIA, POST MAP]
BERGHAUS, Heinrich Karl Wilhelm (1797-1884)
Post-Charte vom Preussischen Staate in XXV Blättern [Post Map of the Prussian State in 25 leaves].

Berlin: Magazins für Kunst, Geographie & Muzik, 1824. Copper engraved large folding map, borders outlined in colour, dissected and linen backed, ca. 91,5x125 cm (30x 49 in). Scale: 1/1,000,000. Engraved by Carl Mare. Housed in the original marbled papered slipcase. Overall a very good map.
Special post map of the Kingdom of Prussia showing the territory of central Europe (Germany and parts of Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Austrian Empire, and Poland). The map marks post offices and stations (with distances between them) and different lines of post communication (urgent, carriage, by boat et al.) of Prussia, Austria, Kingdom of Bavaria, Duchy of Baden and the Netherlands. The large title cartouche features the Royal Prussian crowned eagle with sceptre and orb. This edition was authorised by the head of the Prussian Royal General Post Office Karl von Nagler (1770-1846).
An early work by a noted German geographer and cartographer Heinrich Berghaus, a teacher of August Petermann and Heinrich Lange. Berghaus is mostly known for his Physikalischer Atlas (Gotha, 1838–1848), revised and improved edition of the Stieler’s Handatlas and numerous written works. The island in Franz Josef Land known as Ostrov Bergkhauz was named after him.
Not in Engelmann (he marks only later correcter edition of Schropp & Comp., issued in 1839, see p. 796).

 

79. [RED BARON]
[Album with 20 Original Photographs, Titled on the Front Cover:] Manfred von Richthofen (1892-1918). Photo Album.

Ca. 1916 - early 1918. Oblong Folio (ca. 24,5x32 cm), 7 card leaves. 20 mounted gelatin silver prints of various size, including two large aerial panoramas ca. 15,5x27,5 cm (6 ¼ x 10 ¾ in) or slightly smaller, and nine large photos ca. 12,5x16,5 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in), the rest of images are ca. 9x13 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¼ in) and smaller. Three images numbered in negative. Handsome recent red full morocco album with gilt tooled decorative frame (with the Iron Cross) and title on the front board, and blind stamped decorative border on the rear border; white moiré endpapers. Two panoramas consist of two parts neatly stuck together, several images with minor silvering, but overall a near fine album.
Rare collection of original photographs dedicated to the German Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) during World War I, including some of the last portraits of Manfred von Richthofen. The album opens with two views of Heidelberg and six aerial views of an airfield and a hangar constructed near a West European city, apparently one of the German airbases at the time, in Belgium or France. The photos include two large two-part panoramas and show the aircraft hangar, a small plane on the landing strip, surrounding infrastructure (service buildings, a railway leading to the hangar), and a small European city within medieval star like defensive walls. A series of six photos portray an inspection of a German air force base by the German High Command headed by Paul von Hindenburg, Germany’s Chief of General Staff since 1916. There is also a picture of the German mechanics servicing a biplane fighter which is decorated with the iron crosses painted on the tail and wings (late insignia with a simple rectangular cross which was used in March/April – November 1918).
The album closes with three important photograph portraits of several of Germany’s top pilots gathered for the flying contest at the Adlershof aviation testing center outside Berlin in mid-January 1918. The photos depict exactly the same moment as the “Richthofen Film” (part 2) made by A.F.G. Fokker in 1918 (see the original video at Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive online, http://www.ushmm.org/online/film/display/detail.php?file_num=3353; copyright by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum). The first photo shows famous German ace Manfred von Richthofen or “Red Baron” (1892-1918; the top ace of the war, credited with 80 air combat victories) talking to Hans Klein (1891-1944), a German fighter ace credited with 22 aerial victories, awarded with the Iron Cross and the Pour le Merite order, or “Blue Max” in October 1917. The second photo portrays Adolf von Tutscheck (1891-1918), Commander of Jagdgeschwader 2 since February 1918, awarded with the Blue Max in August 1917. On the photo he is shown in a flight hat and wearing his Blue Max.
The third photo is a group portrait of six of German fighter pilots (from left to right): Lt. Erich Löwenhardt (1897-1918; the third highest German flying ace with 54 victories, awarded with the Blue Max in May 1918); Oberlt. Bruno Loerzer (1891-1960; commander of Jasta 26, later of Jasta III, the third of the German famous “flying circuses,” awarded with the Blue Max in February 1918); Manfred von Richthofen, Lt. Kurt Schwarzenberger (chief test pilot for the experimental fighter division of Idflieg); Hans Klein; Albert Mühlig-Hofmann (1886-1980, commander of the Field Equipment Service of Idflieg). Note that Hans Klein is shown wearing his Blue Max and still possesses his right index finger (shot off in combat on 19 February 1918). These portraits are one of the last depictions of Adolf von Tutscheck (killed in action on March 15, 1918), Manfred von Richthofen (killed in action on April 21, 1918), and Erich Löwenhardt (killed in action on August 10, 1918).
Overall a very interesting historically significant photograph collection.

 

80. [RHINE CASTLES & EUROPEAN TRAVELS]
SMITH, Charlotte J.
[Collection of Thirteen Watercolours and Drawings Made on a Trip to the Rhine Castles, Tagus River in Spain, Moreton Hall in Cheshire, Ghent, and Italy].

1827-1829. Oblong Folio (ca. 26,5x37,5 cm). 57 leaves. With 13 mounted watercolours and drawings (five within hand drawn ink frames), the majority ca. 17x25 cm (6 ½ x 10 in), others slightly larger or smaller. Watercolour, ink and pencil on paper. Six works captioned, signed or dated by the artist; also with her ink inscription on the front pastedown endpaper “Charlotte Smith. Nov. 30th 1829”. Album with period marble papered boards, neatly rebacked (gilt tooled brown red half straight grained morocco). A near fine album.
An attractive collection of watercolours and drawings by a skilled artist, showing preciseness and attention to the smallest details. The pencil drawings include three impressive views of the German Rhine castles – ‘Vautsberg’ (Burg Rheinstein) and the castle of Heidelberg (general panorama and a view of the inner yard); there are also two large ink drawings of the Tagus River with fishermen's’ boats, and a serene ink drawn view of Moreton Hall, a 16th century half-timbered manor in Cheshire. The watercolours are represented with a sketch of a baroque building in Ghent, two large views of an Italian city, probably Venice, with gondolas on water, locals lazily strolling down the street and laundry drying outside; an interior of an Italian (?) courtyard with impressive columns, a scene with two men in Turkish costumes taking water from a street fountain, an architectural style drawing of a reception hall, and a colourful sketch of a manor.

 

81. [RIGA]
BERENS, Reinhold von (1745-1823)
Geschichte der seit hundert und funfzig Jahren in Riga einheimischen Familie Berens aus Rostock, nebst Beiträgen zur neuesten Geschichte der Stadt Riga [History of the last 150 years in Riga of the Local Family of Berens from Rostock, with Some Contributions to the Recent History of Riga].

Riga: Julius Conrad Daniel Müller, 1812. First edition. Quarto. [4], 103, [1] pp. 20th century beige full sheep. Period ink presentation inscription in German on the half title dated “Riga, 22 Febr. 1814”, short ink note done in the same hand on p. 13. Minor foxing of the first pages, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare Riga imprint with only three copies found in Worldcat. Our copy with an extensive presentation inscription in German, dated 22 February 1814.
Reinhold von Berens was a Baltic German doctor. “After studies in Berlin and Göttingen, where he received his doctorate for a dissertation on botany in 1770, he was allowed to practice in Russia. Berens worked as the official physician of the Siberian Corps in Omsk (1773-1780), later in Moscow (1780-1784), since 1784 lived and practiced in Riga. Berens assembled significant botanical and mineralogical collections, and in 1774 became an honorary member of Berlinische Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde. His main literary work was the family history “Geschichte der Berens in Riga” which also included extensive notes on his own life” (based on Wikipedia, Baltisches Biographisches Lexicon digital).

 

82. [RIGA]
BERGMANN, Liborius von (1754-1823)
Versuch einer kurzen Geschichte der Rigischen Stadtkirchen seit ihrer Erbauung, und ihrer Lehrer von der Reformation bis auf die jetzige Zeit [A Brief History of Churches in Riga Since Their Construction, and Their Pastors from the Reformation to the Present Time].

Riga: Julius Conrad Daniel Müller, 1792. First Edition. Octavo. [8], 58, [2] pp. Title page with a copper engraved vignette. Period ink manuscript notes on the title page and the last page, including the author’s name which is not printed on the title and was later added by one of the book's owners. Period style brown half sheep with marbled boards and red gilt lettered title label on the spine. Outer pages slightly soiled, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare early Riga imprint with only six copies found in Worldcat. This description includes histories of nine of Riga’s Lutheran churches (Riga Cathedral, churches of St. Peter, St. John, St. Jacob, St. Catherine etc.), and short biographies of over a hundred Lutheran pastors who served in Riga in the 16-18th centuries.
Liborius von Bergmann was a Baltic German cleric and historian and a freemason. He studied theology in Leipzig in 1774-78 and served in the Riga Cathedral since 1780 (first as a deacon, and since 1800 as a pastor), later – in St. Peter’s church. In 1787 was granted with a nobility. Founder and head of the workhouse in Riga (1800), co-founder and director of the directorate of the poor (Armendirektion), founder of the Livonian Art Museum (1816), Bergmann was a known specialist on the history of Livonia and its churches, numismatist and bibliophile (his collection went to the Library of the Livonian Knighthood).

 

83. [RIGA]
SCHULZ, Carl Anton (1831-1884)
[Leporello Photo Album of Sixteen Original Photograph Views of Riga, Titled]: Album Riga.

[Riga, ca. 1880s]. Oblong Octavo (ca. 11x19 cm). Sixteen albumen prints mounted on card, including four double-page panoramas ca. 8,5x35 cm (ca. 3 ¼ x 13 ¾ in), and 12 views ca. 8,5x16,5 cm (ca. 3 ¼ x 6 ½ in). All images with period manuscript ink captions in German on the mounts, some – with manuscript pencil commentaries in English. Original brown publisher’s cloth album with gilt stamped title and decorative pictorial vignette on the front cover. One panorama with a minor scratch on the left part, several leaves detached from each other, but overall a very good album with strong bright images.
Attractive album of early photographs of Riga issued by the local photographer Carl Anton Schulz, whose “Photographisch-Artistisches Atelier” was located at Nikolai Boulevard, 3. All images, bright and sound, have period - apparently the publisher’s - ink captions, written in German on the mounts. Some photos are also supplemented with interesting pencil notes in English, most likely made by a British tourist travelling around the Baltics at the time. The photographs not only give great artistic view on the architecture of 19th century Riga, but also show many of its inhabitants: bourgeois pedestrians, cab drivers, port workers, clerks et al.
The panoramas show Riga harbour with the Old city meeting the Daugava River crowded with fishing boats and trade vessels; an overview from the balcony of the Riga theatre (now Latvian National Theatre), with a commentary in English: “fortifications made into gardens & moan into canal, old Town left, new Town right”; “Der Bastei Boulevard”; and the Daugava River with the pontoon- and railway bridges, the latter built in 1871-1872 “by English engineer”. The street views include photos of the stock exchange building (now the Art Museum Riga Bourse), Ritterhaus (now housing the Latvian Parliament), the Powder Tower (Der Pulverturm) with “English cannon balls” stuck in it, Alexander Boulevard, Kalkstrasse (with an antiquarian bookshop shown on the right), Elisabethstrasse, Landstrasse, buildings of the Lomonosov and Krons gymnasiums, Riga customs house, gas company et al.
“Carl Anton Schulz was born February 21, 1831 (d. 1884) and was schooled as an artist. His sons also joined him in his photography business - Oskar, with a studio in Libau (Liepāja, Latvia); Arthur, in Dorpat (Tartu, Estonia); and Eduard in Riga - the pictures of scenes of Riga from the late 19th and early 20th century attributed to C. Schulz's studio were taken by Eduard. Their photographic atelier exhibited at the Exposition Universelle of 1900 in Paris, and at the 700th anniversary of Riga exposition in 1901 - for which their studio produced the lithographed flyer” (Center for Baltic Heritage on-line). Schulz was known for his album of Latvian views titled “Livländische Schweiz” (1880s).

 

84. [ROME]
[Attractive Unsigned Watercolour of the Coliseum and the Arch of Constantine in Rome].

Ca. 1860. Watercolour ca. 14x40 cm (5 ½ x 15 ½ in). Recently matted and framed, and with a minor faint crease mark in upper right corner, but overall a very good watercolour.
This attractive watercolour shows the Coliseum (left) and the Arch of Constantine (right) and several dozen visitors in the fore and background. "The Colosseum, or the Coliseum, originally the Amphitheatrum Flavium is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire, built of concrete and stone. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering...,The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected by the Roman Senate to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312" (Wikipedia).

 

85. [ROME]
[Collection of Four Large Original Photographs of Rome].

Ca. 1870. Four large mounted albumen prints each ca. 27x38 cm (10 ½ x 15 in). Two captioned in negative Foro Romano; 32 Interno del Colosoco Roma. The mounts with some wear and soiling, one with tears and creases, but overall a very good collections of early photographs.
The attractive Rome photographs in this collection include two photographs of the Coliseum (exterior & interior) and two of the Forum including the Temple of Saturn.

 

86. [RUSSIA]
Mesiatsoslov s Rospis’ju chinovnykh osob v gosudarstve, na leto ot Rozhdestva Christova 1802 [Calendar for the Year 1802 after the Birth of Christ, with an Annotated List of all State Officials].

Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, [1802]. Octavo. xxiv, 514, viii pp. Title page with a woodcut vignette, pp. 261-262 bound at pp. 513-514 (and vice versa), but all pages present. Original period marbled papered wrappers. Owner’s inscription in English on the inner side of the front wrapper, dated “Jan. 1802”. Wrappers slightly rubbed, but overall a very good copy.
Very rare early edition of the “address-calendar” – official government printed directory of state institutions of the Russian Empire, with names and ranks of all state officials. General address-calendars covering the whole territory of the Russian Empire were published annually from 1765 until 1916, first by the Imperial Academy of Sciences (until 1867), later – by the special department of the Governing Senate of the Russian Empire.
Our Mesiatseslov is a rare copy of the first issue of the address calendar resumed after a five-year prohibition to publish during the reign of Paul I. Shortly after Alexander I had become the new emperor of Russia, a special decree was issued “to publish Mesiatseslov with the list of state officials exactly the same way as it used to be issued before 1797, with full names of the statesmen” (Decree from 14 June 1801). Worldcat indicates only one copy of this edition in the collection of early Russian address calendars (1765-1806) of the University of Göttingen Library.
The Mesiatseslov opens with a detailed calendar for 1802, list of the state and church holidays, information about post office schedules and tariffs. The first part contains a list of officials of all central state institutions: the State Council, Emperor’s Court and Cabinet, commanders and officers of all regiments of the Emperor’s Life Guard (Preobrazhensky, Semenovsky, Izmailovsky Cavalry Regiments et al.). Then follows a list of officials of the Governing Senate, the Holy Synod and all Ministries and Collegiums of the Empire, supplemented with the lists of foreign ambassadors and consuls in Russia, main staff of Russian banks, post offices, Saint Petersburg wharf, State Mint, Police Department, Imperial Academy of Sciences and Academy of Arts, Moscow University, the Cadet Corps and other educational and charity institutions. The general list finishes with the names of managers of the Imperial theatres and State Archives. The second part contains names and ranks of the chief state officials in all Russian provinces and governing territories (over 40), including Georgia, officially annexed by Russia in 1801.
The title page is decorated with a woodcut vignette of coat of arms of the Russian Empire; the inner side of the front wrapper is inscribed by the owner who apparently acquired the Mesiatseslov shortly after it had been printed, in January 1802. Overall a very original copy of this rare Russian imprint.

 

87. [RUSSIA]
LEVESQUE, Pierre-Charles (1736-1812)
Histoire de Russie [History of Russia]: Atlas Volume.

Paris, Hamburg & Brunswick: l’Imprimerie de Guilleminet,Pierre-Francois Fauche, An VIII [1800]. Nouvelle Edition. Quarto. 16 pp. With a folding engraved outline hand colored map and sixteen engraved plates (many folding). Handsome period brown gilt tooled quarter calf with red gilt lettered morocco labels and marbled boards. Occasional very mild foxing, otherwise a very good copy.
Atlas to the third edition of Histoire de Russie (earlier editions were published without separate atlas). The folding map drawn by A. Brue shows European Russia and the Caucasus. The plates depict views, temples and buildings mostly of the region of Volga, Ural Mountains and Kirghiz steppes. Among them are the ruins of the ancient city of Bolghar and of the mysterious Buddhist monastery Ablaikit in vicinity of Ust-Kamenogorsk in modern Kazakhstan. Ablaikit was built by a Kalmyk khan in 1654-1656 and was destroyed in 1670. At the beginning of the 18th century there were still sculptures and pictures in the monastery’s temple. Manuscripts found there in 1720 were sent to Saint Petersburg. The plates include a general view, topographical plan and interior view of the temple of Ablaikit. Costumes of Kasimov Tatars, Samoyeds, Ostiaks, Mordvinians, Kalmyks, Tshouvach, Mongols and Kirghiz are also included.
Pierre Charles Levesque was a French historian, philosopher and moralist, initially engraver. He lived in Russia for seven years working as a teacher in the Cadet Corps and the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg. His "Histoire de Russie" was recognized as the most significant research on Russian history written by a foreign scientist in the 18th century. It was widely popular in Russia before Nikolai Karamzin published his famous work, and kept its scientific significance until the end of the 19th century. Levesque was the first author who based his work mostly on Russian sources and historical works. For his achievements Levesque was accepted as a member of Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-letters (1789) and taught history in Collège de France (Nouvelle Biographie Générale, vol. 31, 38-39).

 

88. [RUSSIA]
LEYTSINGER, Yakov Ivanovich (1855-1914)
[Collection of Six Original Photograph Views of Arkhangelsk, Solovetsky Monastery and Mezen City on the White Sea].

Ca. 1890. Six albumen prints ca. 13,5x21,5 cm (ca. 5 ¼ x 8 ¼ in). All mounted on original card within gilt printed decorative borders; all with period ink captions in Russian on verso. Mounts slightly warped, otherwise a very good collection.
A very good collection of pre-revolutionary views of Arkhangelsk, and two other interesting places on the White Sea – the town of Mezen and Solovetsky Monastery. The photographs were taken by Yakov Ivanovich Leytsinger, Russian statesman and philanthropist of Swiss origin, a member of Arkhangelsk City Council (1897), Mayor of Arkhangelsk (1903-1914). He opened his photography studio in Arkhangelsk in the 1880s and was known for high quality of his work. Leitsinger was the official photographer of the official tours across the Russian North of the Governors of Arkhangelsk province – Alexander Engelgardt (1895, his book “The Russian North” was illustrated with Leytsinger’s photos), and I. Sosnovsky (1911). Leitsinger took official photographs in Arkhangelsk of the start of the Arctic expeditions led by Vladimir Rusanov and Georgiy Sedov; his series of views of Solovetsky monastery was acquired for the collection of the Imperial House of Romanovs.
The four views of Arkhangelsk show the city embankment and the city’s main street – Troitskaya (now Troitsky prospect). Two images of the Northern Dvina embankment show the Arkhangelsk Holy Trinity Cathedral with the bell tower (1765), Church of Archangel Mikhail (1742-43) and the Annunciation Church (1763) – all of them, together with five other Arkhangelsk churches were demolished in the late 1920s. The photos of Troitskaya Street show the governor’s office with the monument to Mikhail Lomonosov (the monument survived but was relocated in 1930), with the Holy Trinity Cathedral in the background; and central part of the street, with the Chief Auditor’s office in the foreground.
The panorama of the Solovetsky Monastery erroneously captioned as “Arkhangelsk” was taken from the Prosperity Bay and shows the Dormition Cathedral (1552-57), Church of Saint Nicholas (1834) with the bell tower, St. Trinity Church (1856-59), the main Cathedral of the Monastery - Preobrazhensky Cathedral (1556–1564), administrative buildings and massive monastery walls and towers with the Saint Gates. Very interesting is a photograph of Mezen, a town in the modern Arkhangelsk oblast “located on the right bank of the Mezen River close to the point where it flows into the White Sea. The settlement at the location of the present-day Mezen was founded in the 16th century” (Wikipedia). Mezen has a well preserved historical centre mostly represented with traditional Russian wooden architecture – as seen on the photo. Today it is included in a security zone of Russian Federation, and the access to the town is restricted.
All photographs bear the stamp of the 10th Jubilee photograph exhibition in Moscow, where Yakov Leitsinger was awarded with the Grand Dager Medal for his works

 

89. [RUSSIA]
MERCATOR, Gerardus (1512-1594)
Russia cum confiniis [Map of Russia and Surroundings].

1609. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 35,5x47,5 cm (ca. 14 x 18 ¾ in). French text on verso. Map reinforced with old paper at centerfold, paper aged and browned, otherwise a very good map.
A map of European Russia from the French edition of Mercator’s Atlas. The map shows the Scandinavian peninsula, the Baltic states and Prussia in the west; Ob river and Black Sea - in the east and south. The insert gives a detailed overview of central Muscovy north and west of Moscow, from Tver and Uglich in the east to Ladoga and Vitebsk in the north and west. Koeman Atlantes Neerlandici 1800:1A

 

90. [RUSSIA]
OLEARIUS, Adam (1599-1671)
Nova & Accurata Wolgae Fluminis olim Rha dicti, Delineation [Map of Volga River].

Amsterdam: Blaeu, ca. 1659 or 1662. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 47x63 cm (ca. 18 ½ x 21 ¼ in). Blank on verso. Strengthened at centerfold with old paper, otherwise a near fine map.
“Uncommon map of the Volga River in two parts based on the travels of Adam Olearius. The left side of the map begins at Nizhniy Novgorod and ends at Saratov. The right side continues to Astrakhan with an inset of the river delta. Richly embellished with a strapwork title cartouche featuring reindeer, a scale cartouche with putti, and a fine pictorial scene of an encampment with camels” (Old World Auctions).
Olearius was a member of two embassies of Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, to Muscovy and Persia in 1634-37 and 1643, and published a book about the events and observations during his travels. “During his travels Olearius took notes of manu kinds, drew sketches of the coasts and river banks, made surveys for a map, and even determined the location of Terki, Derbent, Niazabad, Shemakha and the confluence of the Araks and Kura rivers. Later he made a thorough description of the natural features along his route. During the return trip to Moscow he completed a map of the Volga River and when the embassy was received in audience in the Kremlin, he presented the map to the Tsar. The latter liked it, as he did Olearius himself, and invited him to stay in Moscow with the rank of court astronomer <…> But Olearius declined the offer because he believed it to have been made in an effort to prevent his collective materials from reaching western Europe” (Bagrow, L. A History of Russian Cartography up to 1800, 1975, p. 64).
Olearius wrote: “Since in my opinion this river is one of the largest, longest, and most remarkable in the world, I have explored it assiduously with the help of an expert Dutch navigator, Cornelius Clausen, and some Russian pilots; and reduced it to a map with the aid of compass, showing not only its course, its bends, angles and shores, but also its depths so as to indicate where one can navigate freely and safely, its sand banks, islands in it, and countries along its shores; and I measured distances in miles and versts” (Quoted from: Bagrow, L. A History of Russian Cartography up to 1800, 1975, p. 68).

 

91. [RUSSIAN EMBASSY TO VENICE, 1656-1657]
[REMARKABLE PRIMARY SOURCE ON 17TH CENTURY RUSSIAN-WESTERN EUROPEAN RELATIONS]. Relatione d’Alcuni Costumi de’Sig.i Ambasc. Moscoviti, che ora si trovano in Livorno per passare all’Ambasciata di Venezia [Autograph Letter by an Anonymous Author from Livorno Witnessing the Muscovite Embassy to Venice (1656-1657) and Containing Vivid Observations and Remarks About Russians].

Livorno, ca. 1656. Quarto, ca. 27x19,5 cm (10 ½ x 7 ¾ in). Four pages; brown ink on cream laid paper with fleur-de-lis watermark, written in a legible hand. Paper aged and slightly faded, with fold marks, but the text is still bright and easy distinguishable. Beautiful period style crimson elaborately gilt tooled custom made full morocco clamshell box with cloth chemise. The letter in very good condition.
Remarkable and Very Important Primary Source for Russian-Western European relations in the 17th century. This is a very important anonymous letter: "Curiosissimi Costumi de’Sig.i Ambasciatori Moscoviti, che ora si trovano in Livorno per passare all’Ambasciata di Venezia." According to the historians who worked with two other known copies of the letter (see below: Attribution of "Relatione d’Alcuni Costumi") it was written by a first-hand witness of the embassy, somehow involved with it, most likely between the 19th and 23rd of December, 1656. The written dialect of the letter’s language indicates that the author was a common person from Livorno, possibly of Sicilian origin.
The letter vividly describes the Muscovite diplomatic delegation, staying in Livorno on its way to Venice in the winter of 1656. It was an official embassy to the Doge of Venice from the Russian Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich (1629-1676) sent in 1656-57 and headed by the Pereyaslavl governor Ivan Ivanovich Chemodanov (before 1618 - after 1657) and Deacon A. Postnikov. The goal of the embassy was to strengthen political and commercial relations with Venice, to negotiate the joint struggle against the Turks, to give Venetians the permission to trade in Archangelsk, and to borrow money from the Doge. A small "side task" was to: "to sell a hundred poods (1600kgs) of rhubarb and some sable furs for a thousand roubles." Overall the embassy didn’t achieve its goals as it didn’t manage to get the money from the Doge and to successfully sell the stale rhubarb and the sable furs (some of which were damaged during the voyage to Italy and some were sold to feed the embassy itself). The embassy left Venice in March 1657 and went back to Russia through Switzerland, Germany and Holland.
In spite of a lack of diplomatic skills, Chemodanov’s embassy left its trace in history. Its members became the first Russians to travel to Italy by sea, around northern Europe. They left Archangelsk on the 12th of September, 1656; passed the "Northern Nose" (North Cape), the "land of the Danish king," "Icelant, or Icy island (Iceland)," "the lands of Hamburg and Bremen," Scotland, Holland, "possessions of the English King," French and Spanish lands - "all those countries we passed from the left," and arrived in Livorno on the 24th of November the same year. During the voyage they suffered from storms in the Atlantic, when most of the state goods were damaged.
The embassy’s appearance in Italy was met with great interest and curiosity; the official relations from both the Russian and Italian sides noted crowds of people accompanying the Muscovites wherever they went. Our letter "Relatione d’Alcuni Costumi" reveals what impression the Russian diplomats made on the Italians, e.g. "they are dressed in cloth of cotton wool as they are afraid of cold, which is very common in their country"; "they beat their servants with their own hands, and so brutally that four of five of them was on the verge of death, and one ran away and is still not found"; "they have sable skins for 100 thousand skudi and also a big amount of rhubarb, caviar and salted fish, and it stinks so much, that people get sick, and where they were for one hour it stinks afterwards for twelve hours."
The Muscovites often seemed barbaric to the inhabitants of Livorno, as they all slept together, "and the Ambassador with them too, as he was afraid to fall off the bed"; they liked wine, but "put it all in one barrel, not distinguishing whether it is white or red or any sort of wine"; when the Governor took them around the city in a carriage, local people were astonished to see that the Muscovites didn’t open the doors, but climbed over them. There are also descriptions of their table manners which indicate that the Muscovites didn’t know how to use forks, also descriptions of how balls and festivities amused them, how "all small houses seemed to them as Gran Palazzos." Amusing also is the note that the Muscovites liked "Belle Donne" a lot, and spent many sable furs on them. A separate story describes how the chief Ambassador got attracted to the wife of a local doctor and tried to get her attention.
The letter concludes with a note of the embassy’s coming departure to Florence, where they will be met as Royal ambassadors, and "comedia redecolosa" and that a big feast will be given in their honour, as "they like it more than anything else."

Attribution of "Relatione d’Alcuni Costumi"

There are two other known copies of "Curiosissimi Costumi," the older one is found in the Vatican Library (Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana) as a part of "Codex Vaticanus Latinus" № 8891. It was first published in printed form in 1890 as a part of "Spicilegio Vaticano di Documenti Inediti e Rari, Estratti Dagli Archivi e Dalla Biblioteca della Sede Apostolica (Roma 1890, p. 381-383). The editor of the book, Monsignor I. Carini attributed that the Vatican letter was written in the middle of the 17th century by a first-hand witness of the Muscovite Embassy. Based on the written dialect of the letter’s language, Carini attributed the author as one of Livorno’s common people, a Sicilian by origin.
The second of the two other known copies of "Curiosissimi Costumi" is deposited in Russia, in the archive of the Saint Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The text of the letter is included in the Italian manuscript collection titled "Storie Diverse." Soviet historians also published a printed version of their copy of the letter and thoroughly analysed it (see special articles by S. Anninskii, 1934, and I. Sharkova, 1972); The Saint Petersburg copy was attributed to be written slightly later than the Vatican copy, at the end of the 17th or in the very beginning of the 18th century.
A thorough analysis of the texts of our letter and the Vatican and Saint Petersburg copies reveal several minor differences between all three, but also show a strong resemblance between our "Relatione d’Alcuni Costumi" and the Vatican copy. They are very similar in regards to the completeness and spelling of the text, whereas the Saint Petersburg copy often has some words replaced or removed, and also has spelling patterns different from the Vatican and our copies. This allows us the to state, that our copy was written at the same time with the Vatican copy or close to it. It’s remarkable, on the other hand, that the text of our copy is more extensive, than the Vatican one: there are additional lines in several places supplementing the contents of the Vatican copy. It could mean either that our copy is earlier - making it the earliest known copy of "Curiosissimi Costumi," or that the author of our copy knew more about the events described in the letter, and decided to enrich it with more details.
Bibliography:
[Ambasceria Russa in Italia] / [Ed. By I. Carini] // Spicilegio Vaticano di Documenti Inediti e Rari, Estratti Dagli Archivi e Dalla Biblioteca della Sede Apostolica. – Roma 1890. – P. 376-383.
[Anninskii] Аннинский, С.А. Пребывание в Ливорно Царского посольства в 1656 г. (Впечатления иностранца) // ИРЛИ. Сборник статей, посвященных академику А.С. Орлову. – 1934. – С. 201-207.
[Kazakova] Казакова, Н.А. Статейные списки русских послов в Италию как памятники литературы путешествий (середина XVII века) // Труды Отдела древнерусской литературы. — Л.: Наука. Ленингр. Отд-ние, 1988. – T. XLI. – С. 268-288.
[Liubopytneishie nravy…] Любопытнейшие нравы господ послов московских, которые находятся теперь в Ливорно, проездом в Венецию / Публ. И перевод К. Шварсалон // Русская старина, 1894. – Т. 81. - № 1. – С. 197-203.
[Sharkova] Шаркова, И.С. Посольство И.И. Чемоданова и отклики на него в Италии // Проблемы истории международных отношений. – Л., 1972. – С. 207-223.

 

92. [SAINT PETERSBURG]
[Official Indenture of a Land Transfer]: Conveyance of one Sixth part of a Customary Estate called Skirreth held of the Mansion of Ingleton (Lancashire); between William Gillison Bell the Younger Esq. Of the City of Saint Petersburg in Russia merchant, and Thomas Graven Esq.

Saint Petersburg, 2 June 1816. Six leaves, all Elephant Folio (ca. 63x77 cm or 20 ¼ x 24 ¾ in). With a notary stamp, a small wax seal and six revenue stamps. Leaves stitched through on the bottom and folded. Brown ink on vellum, filled in on one side. Fold marks, outer leaf soiled and slightly rubbed, otherwise a very good document.
Interesting original real estate document written and certified in Saint Petersburg. Concluded between British merchants in Saint Petersburg, William Gillison Bell (of Melling Hall) and Thomas Graven, the contract was witnessed by local merchants James Liddell and John Ledderdale. William Gillison Bell was later listed as a member of the United Company of Merchants of England (see: A List of the Names of the Members of the United Company of Merchants of England, Trading to the East Indies… London, 1825, p. 10). John Ledderdale (1782-1845) was the father William Lidderdale (1832-1902), Director (1870), Deputy Governor (1887) and the Governor of the Bank of England (1889-1892). The contract was certified, signed and sealed by Saint Petersburg public notary Stephen Sasonoff on June 2, 1816, and further certified by the British Consul General in Russia Sir Daniel Bayley (1766-1834) on June 7, 1816.
“For two centuries after the foundation of St Petersburg in 1703, the British merchant community exercised a remarkable influence over the city's economic relations with the wider world. This community operated as a 'City of London' in miniature, and where the merchants led others - diplomats, travellers, soldiers, sailors, engineers, craftsmen and others - followed. As the new capital grew in splendour, Britons acquired or rented some of the city's finest residences. At the end of Catherine II's reign the city's first grand embankment along the Neva between the Senate (later Decembrist) Square and the New Admiralty Canal came to be known as the English Embankment” (Thompstone, S. On the Banks of the Neva: British Merchants in St Petersburg before the Russian Revolution// History Today, Vol. 53, No. 12).
Sir Daniel Bayley “became a merchant at St, Petersburg, being a partner in the great Russian house of Thorntons and Bayley (firm dissolved 30th April, 1810). He was appointed, 9th October 1812, His Britannic Majesty’s Consul-General at St. Petersburg, and was also agent to the Russia company. He was knighted 20th June 1815, and his services as chargé d’affaires, during the absence of the English ambassador, were also rewarded by the knighthood of the Hanoverian Guelphic Order” (Axon, E. The Family of Bayley of Manchester and Hope. Manchester, 1894, p. 19-20).

 

93. [SAINT PETERSBURG]
St. Petersburger Kalender 1839. Mit dem Portrait Seiner Kaiserlichen Hoheit des Thronfolgers [Saint Petersburg Calendar 1839, with the portrait of His Imperial Highness Heir to the Throne].

Saint Petersburg: Kaiserl. Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1839. Octavo. 186, [2], [2] pp. With twelve blank leaves for notes bound in between pp. 6-29. With a steel engraved portrait frontispiece. Period ink notes on the astronomical calendar pages (p. 8-28) and the adjacent blank leaves. Period brown half calf with marbled paper boards; gilt tooled spine with navy gilt lettered label. Binding slightly rubbed, with a minor crack on lower front hinge, but overall a very good copy.
German language edition of the “Calendar of Mesiatsoslov Historical” (1731-1868), the official Russian calendar issued by the Imperial Academy of Sciences, which held the special privilege for calendars from 1727 to 1868. These calendars were published in Russian and German and contained a wide variety of statistical and historical materials, as well practical information for everyday use. The issue for 1839 contains European, Jewish and Muslim calendars (the former is supplemented with blank leaves for personal notes), list of state and church holidays; astronomical data about sunrises and sunsets, transition of planets and Biela’s Comet (“Bielasche Comet”), meteorological observations for 1837 taken in Saint Petersburg; history of the ice cover on the Neva River in 1718-1839 et al. There are also extensive lists of cities and towns in Russia, Poland and Finland, with their geographical coordinates and distances to Moscow and Saint Petersburg; a number of statistical and demographical tables; rates of European currencies exchange. Additionally the work contains a list of members of Russian and European royal families; historical chronicle and obituaries for 1837-1838. Interesting is a short biographical dictionary of Russian clergy writers based on the renowned “Slovar o byvshikh v Rossii pisateliakh dukhovnogo china” by Yvgeny Bolkhovitinov.
Our copy contains extensive period notes in German on the blank leaves in the beginning of the calendar, outlining anniversaries of over 30 regiments of the Russian Imperial army, including Dragoon Lifeguards (19 March), Cavalry Lifeguards (25 March), Grenadier Lifeguards (13 April), Chevalier Guards (5 September), Cossak Lifeguards R. (4 October), Semenovsky Lifeguards (21 November), Finlandsky Lifeguards (12 December) and others.
The calendar is supplemented with a steel engraved portrait of the heir to the throne Alexander Nikolaevich, future Russian Emperor Alexander II (reign: 1855-1881). The title page is decorated with a woodcut vignette depicting coat of arms of the Russian empire. For the 18th century issues of this calendar please see: Svodny Katalog, vol. IV, 345 and further.

 

94. [SAINT PETERSBURG]
St. Petersburger Kalender auf das Jahr nach Christi Geburt 1809, welches ein gemeines Jahr ist von 365 Tagen; gerichtet auf die vornehmsten Oerter des Russischen Reichs [Saint Petersburg Calendar for the Year 1802 after the Birth of Christ, which consists of 365 days; Compiled for the Most Prominent Places of the Russian Empire].

Saint Petersburg: Kaiserl. Akademie der Wissenschaften, [1809]. Octavo. 127 pp. With twelve blank leaves for notes bound in between pp. 2-25. Short period ink notes on p. 6 and the adjacent blank leaf. Period marbled papered wrappers. Paper slightly aged, minor creases on the upper corners of several leaves, but overall a very good copy.
Early German language edition of the “Calendar of Mesiatsoslov Historical” (1731-1868), the official Russian calendar issued by the Imperial Academy of Sciences, which held the special privilege to publish calendars from 1727 to 1868. The calendars were published in Russian and German and contained a wide variety of statistical and historical materials, as well practical information for everyday use. The book starts with an astronomical calendar supplemented with blank leaves for personal notes; the owner of our copy made some notes on the page for March. The calendar is followed by the astronomical table of sunrise and sunset in several geographical locations, description of the transition of planets, overview of Saint Petersburg weather, table of geographical coordinates of the main Russian cities, and a larger list of several hundred Russian cities and towns with the distances to Moscow and Saint Petersburg. There is also information about postal schedule and tariffs, state and church holidays et al.
The historical materials includes descriptions of the main events for 1807 and 1808, together with an interesting historical review of the coming 1809, compiled on the basis of how many years passed since some particular event, e.g. The Creation of the World (7317), foundation of Rome (2562), birth of Christ (1809), foundation of Moscow (662), beginning of book printing (369), discovery of the Americas (317), beginning of the Russian fleet (113), foundation of German colonies on the Volga (46), annexation of the Crimean peninsula (26), foundation of the Russian-American Company (10), foundation of the universities in Kazan and Kharkov et al. The calendar also contains a description of the Russian Imperial House, as well as all ruling dynasties of Europe.
The calendar’s title page is decorated with a woodcut vignette depicting the coat of arms of the Russian empire. For the 18th century issues of this calendar please see: Svodny Katalog, vol. IV, 345 and further.

 

95. [SAXONY]
GÖTZINGER, Wilhelm Leberecht (1758-1818)
Schandau und seine Umgebungen, oder Beschreibung der sachsischen Schweiz [Schandau and Its Surroundings, or Description of Saxon Switzerland].

Dresden: Beger’schen Buch- und Kunsthandlung, 1812. Second revised and improved edition. Octavo. [4], 548, [6], [2] pp. With eight copper engraved plates and a folding copper engraved map at rear. Period brown half sheep with marbled boards, spine with raised bands and gilt tooled title label; all edges coloured red. Spine with a small crack on the front hinge neatly repaired, otherwise a very good copy.
Interesting monograph on Saxon Switzerland, with beautiful engraved views of the Kuhstall natural arch, Prebisch Kegel rocks and gate, Ostra, Kleinstein, Lichtenhayn, and Hirschmühle. Detailed folding map drawn by Götzinger himself gives a good outline of the Saxon Switzerland. “Götzinger’s second and major work ‘Schandau und seine Umgebungen…’ was issued in 1804. The book was based on long hikes and contained not only a travelogue but also described in an illustrative manner facts about the history, flora, fauna, topography and geology of the Saxon Switzerland and adjacent border areas. Lacking expertise Götzinger involved specialists, for example, for the naming of plants and insects. Following the publication Götzinger continuously worked on a continuation of his main work, which in 1812 appeared in a second edition expanded by 150 pages” (Wikipedia). Engelmann 893 (first edition).

 

96. [SEVEN YEARS’ WAR]
SAUNDERS, Charles, Sir, Admiral (ca. 1715-1775)
[Two Official Orders Addressed to "Captain Tonyn, Commander of HMS Brune", both Written in Secretarial Hand, one Signed "Chas. Saunders."]

Both: on board HMS Neptune, Gibraltar Bay, 5 January 1762. Both Folios (ca. 32,5x20,5 cm). Each 1 p.; brown ink on watermarked laid paper, main text in secretarial hand (“By Command of the Admiral Sam. More”). One order signed by Saunders and with a period manuscript note “This is the original order” at the bottom. Both docketed in ink “Brune” on versos. Documents with stains, tears and two minor holes on folds (one affecting a word), but overall a good collection written in very legible hand.
Two important naval orders from the time of the Seven Years’ War, issued a day after Britain’s declaration of war to Spain (4 January 1762). Both orders were created by the secretary of Admiral Charles Saunders, Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean fleet, and addressed to Captain George Anthony Tonyn (d. 1770) of the HMS “Brune.”
The first document (a copy of the original order) directs Captain Tonyn: “You are hereby required and directed to put yourself under my Command & follow all such further Orders as you shall receive from me, till further orders”. The second order, with the original signature of Sir Charles Saunders informs Tonyn of the Britain’s declaration of war to Spain and orders “immediately to commence Hostilities against his Catholic Majesty [Spanish King] & his Subjects by taking, sinking, burning, or destroying their Ships, Vessels, & Effects, and to protect his Majesty’s trading subjects to whom you are to give Notice of the Rupture with Spain.”
George Anthony Tonyn became a lieutenant of the Royal Navy in 1756, a captain of HMS Fowey in 1758, and a captain of the frigate Brune in 1761. In 1767 he was appointed to the Phoenix of 44 guns and ordered to the coast of Africa, apparently as the commander of the African Station (see more: Charnock, J. Biographis Navalis; or Impartial Memories of the Lives and Characters of Officers of the Navy of Great Britain, from the Year 1660 to the present time. Vol. VI. London, 1798, p. 344). On 17th October 1762 HMS Brune under command of Tonyn captured the French Frigate "L'Oiseau" commanded by Capitaine De Modene in what is now regarded as the last sea battle of the Seven Years War between France and Great Britain. His nephew was Charles William Paterson (1756-1841), Admiral of the White.
“Admiral Sir Charles Saunders, KB was a Commander-in-Chief of the British Mediterranean Fleet during the Seven Years' War and later served as First Lord of the Admiralty. He was appointed to the Privy Council in 1766. Cape Saunders, on the Otago coast of New Zealand, was named in his honour by Captain James Cook, who had served under Saunders in Canada” (Wikipedia).

 

97. [SILESIA]
[Original Signed and Dated Watercolour View of the Summit of the Hochstein Peak near Oberschreiberhau, Lower Silesia, Titled]: Hochstein ber Oberschreiberhau i[m]. R[eisengebirge.

1913. Watercolour on board, heightened in white, ca. 19x32 cm (7 ½ x 12 ¾ in). Artist’s signature “Bakker 13” in black ink in the right lower corner, pencil initials “HB” in the left lower corner. On an original board mount; Recently matted. A very good bright watercolour.
Original watercolour view of the Hochstein peak in the Isergebirge mountains near the Lower Silesian town Obershreiberhau, then a territory of Germany, now in Poland (modern Polish names: Wysoki Kamień peak in the Jizera Mountains, near the town Szklarska Poręba Gorna). This bright colourful view features the now non-existent beautiful mountain cottage with a lookout tower built in the 1880s and devastated after WW2. The artist who signed “Bakker” under the picture, hasn’t been identified, but most likely he was a member of the Schreiberhau artists' colony, which was formed in the 1900s and included Gerhart Hauptmann (1862-1946) and his brother Carl, Otto Müller (1874-1930) and Wilhelm Bölsche (1861-1939).
The Wysoki Kamien (in German: Hochstein) is a 1058 m high mountain in the Jizera Mountains. It forms the eastern cornerstone of the Hoher Iserkamm (Wysoki Grzbiet), northwest of Schreiberhau (Szklarska Poręba). The view from the top extends from the Jizera Mountains to the Giant Mountains, Hirschberg Valley, Kaczawskie Mountains and Landeshuter comb. In 1837, Count Schaffgotsch build a hut on the summit, in 1875 a cottage was built with a lookout tower. There was even a special poem “Die Sage von dem Hochstein” written by Eduard Dietrich. The buildings were destroyed in 1882 by fire, but quickly rebuilt. At the end of the Second World War, the cottage was devastated and robbed, and by 1963 was totally ruined. A new building was constructed in the 1990s.

 

98. [SILESIA]
Handbuch fuer die Provinz Schlesien.., [Handbook for the Province of Silesia..,].

Breslau (Wroclaw): Wilh. Gottl. Korn, 1879. 52nd Edition. Large Octavo. xcviii, [2], 430, 168, 234, 32 pp. Publisher's original black gilt stamped quarter cloth with printed papered boards. Hinges with minor splits, boards with mild wear and soiling, very mild foxing throughout and with a couple of library markings on the blank free front endpaper, but overall a very good copy.
This rare provincial handbook in three parts includes a listing of the hierarchy of the leadership of the province, a commercial address book, a listing of all the cities, towns and settlements. This is supplemented by 32 pages of advertisements at the end.

 

99. [SILESIA]
HENSEL, Johann Daniel (1757-1839)
Historisch-topographische Beschreibung der Stadt Hirschberg in Schlesien, seit ihrem Ursprunge bis auf das Jahr 1797 [Historical and Topographical Description of the City of Hirschberg (Jelenia Góra) in Silesia, from its Origins to the Year 1797].

Hirschberg (Jelenia Góra): Wilhelm Pittschiller & Comp., 1797. First Edition. Octavo. 800 pp. Period brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and an orange gilt titled label. Boards rubbed, but overall in very good original condition.
Rare regional imprint with only nine copies found in Worldcat. Jelenia Góra's "origins officially date back to the legendary founding of the settlement by Bolesław III Wrymouth in 1108, and in 2008 celebrated its 900th anniversary. Jelenia Gora is also mentioned as having been used as a base by Bolesław III Wrymouth for his campaigns against the Czechs in 1110.
In 1281 the city was given an urban charter in 1281, by the Polish duke Bolesław Rogatka during the Ostsiedlung. In 1281 the settlement was first mentioned as Hyrzberc, and in 1288 in Latin as Hyrsbergensium. When the Silesian Piasts lost inheritance and Agnes of Habsburg, the last duchess of Świdnica-Jawor died in 1392, the city passed to Bohemia, ruled by the House of Luxembourg.
The town was inherited by Habsburg Austria in 1526, two years after the town adopted the Protestant faith. A Protestant school was built in 1566. In 1560 a fire destroyed large parts of the city and stopped the economic development, which until then had been characterized by linen-weaving. The city recovered when Joachim Girnth, a shoemaker on a return journey from Holland, introduced veil-weaving. The first "light veils" were offered in 1625, and five years later the city received an imperial privilege by Ferdinand II for these veils.
During the Thirty Years' War the city suffered badly. Hirschberg was beleaguered by troops of both parties, paid high contributions, and during a siege in 1634 the city burned down again. Two more sieges followed in 1640 and 1641. The town needed several years to recover. One reason for the new boost was the creation of a merchant society 1658, which secured Hirschbergs position as the most important center of linen and veil trade in the Silesian mountains during the 17th and 18th centuries.
The Protestants of the city were oppressed during the Counter-Reformation, but the second Treaty of Altranstädt, which allowed a Protestant community center and church to be established outside the medieval city walls, brought relief. Great sacrifices by the merchant society, especially its most prominent member Christian Menzel, made the construction of a large church, modeled after Church of Catherine in Stockholm, possible. The cemetery of the church was the preferred burial place for most merchant families.
Hirschberg was annexed with Lower Silesia by the Kingdom of Prussia during the Silesian Wars. The city was again partly destroyed, had to pay contributions and was seized several times..,
In 1800, Jonh Quincy Adams, ambassador in Berlin of that time, and future President of United States of America visited Jelenia Góra and said : "Nothing can be more beautiful, than the location of Jelenia Góra , beautifully built city with numerous splendid buildings, in a valley surrounded by hills on all sides, with the magnificent view of the Karkonosze Mountains"" (Wikipedia).

 

100. [SILESIA]
MATTIS, Carl Theodor (1789-1881)
Das Riesen-Gebirge und dessen merkwürdigsten Parthieen der Reihe-Folge nach durch zwei und zwanzig Ansichten dargestellt, und mit einer Gebirgs-Charte begleitet [The Karkonosze Mountains and Their Remarkable Sights..,].

Schmiedeberg [Kowary], ca. 1826. Second Improved Edition. [4], 24 pp. With a lithographed cover illustration, twenty-one lithographed plates and a large folding lithographed panorama of the Karkonosze Mountains in the pocket at front. Original publisher’s yellow illustrated printed stiff wrappers, slightly rubbed and strengthened on the spine. Wrappers and several pages with minor creases on the corners, but overall a very good copy.
A rare incunabula of lithography with only one copy found in Worldcat. The plates include views of: Schmiedeberg, Krummhübel, Hampel-Baude (2), Schneekoppe, Koppenkapelle, Riesengrund, Wiesen-Baude, Der große Teich, Schlingel-Baude, Drei Steine, Petersbaude, Kleine Schneegrube, Elb-Fall, Elbquellen, Zacken-Fall, Marienthal, Kochel-Fall, Ruine Kynast, Hayn-Fall, Anna-Kapelle bei Seidorf. Engelmann 835; Dussler 107; Winkler 510.
"The Krkonoše (Czech) or Karkonosze (Polish) Mountains (German: Riesengebirge; Silesian German: Riesageberge) are a mountain range located in the north of the Czech Republic and the south-west of Poland, part of the Sudetes mountain system (part of the Bohemian Massif). The Czech-Polish border, which divides the historic regions of Bohemia and Silesia, runs along the main ridge. The highest peak, Sněžka (Polish: Śnieżka, German: Schneekoppe), is the Czech Republic's highest point with an elevation of 1,602 metres (5,256 ft)" (Wikipedia).

 

101. [SILESIA]
MENZEL, Karl Adolf (1784-1855)
Geschichte Schlesiens. [History of Silesia].

Wroclaw (Breslau): Grass & Barth, [1807-1810]. First Edition. Quarto, 4 vols. in one. 888 pp. With four title vignettes, seventeen copper engravings, and two portrait copper engravings (all issued and thus complete, although the title pages advertise a total of twenty plates). Period brown half sheep with brown papered boards. Binding with wear, text with some finger soiling, two leaves loose and with edge repair not affecting text and head of spine with a minor tear. Overall a good copy.
A detailed history of Silesia issued in a total of 109 parts encompassing Silesia's early history and its time as a part of the Bohemian, Habsburg and Prussian states. The copper engravings by G. Boettger illustrate key events in Silesian history.

 

102. [SILESIA]
OTTO, August
[History of Silesia] Die Geschichte Schlesiens von den ältesten bis auf die neuesten Zeiten.

Breslau: Wilhelm Steinmetz in Commission bei G.P. Aderhotz, 1833. First Edition. [4], xii, 414 pp. With a lithographed title page, twelve lithographed plates and a folding lithographed map at rear. A couple of owner’s ink inscriptions in text. Period brown half cloth with marbled boards and a red gilt lettered label on the spine, all edges coloured red. Map backed on old paper, binding slightly rubbed at extremities, but overall a very good copy.
This detailed history of Silesia describes the early history, Silesia under independent princes, Silesia under Hungarian and Bohemian rule, Silesia under the rule of the Habsburgs and Silesia since 1740 under Prussian rule. Silesia is an area in Poland with a much varied history and "is rich in mineral and natural resources and includes several important industrial areas. Silesia's largest city and capital is Wrocław" (Wikipedia).

 

103. [SILESIA]
SCHENCK, Pieter (1660-1711)
[Map of Silesia] Mappa Geographica Exactissima, Continens Imperatoris Haereditarium Dominium Silesiam, nec non eiusdem Provincias interiores Ducatus, Comitatus, Baronatus etc. Cum Privilegio Ord. General. Holland et West-Frisiae.

[Amsterdam], ca. 1700. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 49,5x58 cm (19 ½ x 22 ¾ in). Blank on verso, with a manuscript ink number “60” in the right upper corner (verso). Very mildly browned at the centrefold, with a small split on the bottom, upper margin trimmed close to the plate mark, otherwise a very good map.
This attractive map shows Silesia at the end of the 17th century under Habsburg Rule. The 17th century saw Silesia lose large parts of its population due to the Thirty Years' War, diseases and emigration. "Petrus Schenck, or Pieter, or Peter Schenk the elder was a German engraver and cartographer active in Amsterdam and Leipzig" (Wikipedia).

 

104. [SPAIN]
RUJULA, Juan Félix de, Chronicler and the King of Arms (1744-1806)
[KINGDOM OF SPAIN: Beautiful Manuscript Nobility Patent, Given to the Montero Family, Written in Calligraphic Secretarial Hand, and Illustrated with a Large Watercolour of the Montero Coat of Arms and Pictorial Initials]: Don Juan Feliz de Rujula, Cronista y Rey de Armas en todos los Reynos, Dominios y Señorios de su Majestad Catolica el Señor Don Carlos Quarto (que Dios guarde) Rey de España y de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, Islas y Tierra firme del Mar Occeano etc. ect...

Madrid, 10 October 1796. Folio (ca. 31x20,5 cm). Eight unnumbered paper leaves. Calligraphic manuscript text in black, red and blue ink, within red ink decorative borders. With a full page watercolour on vellum in colour and gold (the coat of arms). With five pictorial watercolour initials and two vignettes. Signed at the end by Juan Felix de Rujula, Juan Manuel Lopez Fando and two other officials. With the official ink stamp of “Carolus IV D.G. Hispaniar Rex” within the watercolour ornamental frame on the first leaf, and with an official paper label of “Cabild. De Escribanos de el numero. Madrid” on the last leaf. Original brown full treed calf with gilt ruled ornamental borders, gilt spine and marbled endpapers. Binding slightly rubbed, last leaf with minor tears on the margin, without last free endpaper, traces of a manuscript label removed from the last pastedown, but overall a beautiful document in very good condition.
Beautiful example of an official Spanish 18th century nobility patent, the document bears the personal signature of the Spanish Chronicler and King of Arms (Cronista y Rey de Armas) “D. Juan Felix de Rujua”, as well as those of Madrid notary Juan Manuel Lopez Fando and two other officials. The patent contains the text of the certificate of arms, a concise genealogy of the Montero family and the description of the Montero coat of arms. The large superb watercolour of the coat of arms, heightened in gold, features a tree with two keys hanging on its branches, and five golden horns on red background, all within elaborate floral ornament. The text is decorated with five beautiful initials illuminated in gold and black with small coloured landscape scenes in the background.
The document mentions a number of representatives of the Montero family, but seems to concern firstly the line of Dona Francisca Ambrosia Montero, Rios y Anaya, legitimate wife of Don Diego Ximenez de Lasarte, resident of the city of Antequera; legitimate daughter of Don Pedro Josef Montero de Anaya, granddaughter of Don Luis Montero, and second granddaughter of Don Christoval Ruiz Montero.
The last name of Montero is included into the famous “Enciclopedia Heráldica Hispano-Americana” by Alberto and Arturo Caraffa (88 vol., 1919-1963). The index prepared by the Library of Congress lists the last name of Montero in vol. 58, p. 162.

 

105. [SPANISH COSTUMES]
[WILLOUGHBY, Avarilla]
[Eight Very Attractive Original Watercolours of Seventeen Spanish Costumes].

[Warwickshire?], ca. 1829-31. Folio (ca. 39,5 x 25 cm). Five leaves of Whatman paper watermarked “1821” with three large drawings directly on the leaves, and five smaller mounted drawings (ca. 15,5x15,5 cm and 12x7 cm or slightly smaller), all in pencil, ink and gouache. Period ink captions in French and English, dated 1829-31. Period style red straight-grained half morocco with gilt tooled spine and marbled boards and endpapers. A very good collection of watercolours.
Charming collection of eight colourful watercolours showing seventeen costumes of the Spanish county of Aragon, including Vallée de Gistain (de Chistau), Valle de Broto and Riviere de Broto. Details are shown in a masterly manner; the gouaches show peasants, musicians, a mountain shepherd, a water bearer, a woman with a child, and even a contrabandist from Gavarni with a gun. Apparently (from a note which was included with other items from this estate) drawn by Avarilla Willoughby after she was 46 for her affectionate daughter Cecilia.

 

106. [THIRTY YEARS’ WAR]
FISCH, Colonel W.
An Important Signed Reconnaissance Letter Addressed to the Imperial Field Marshal Piccolomini from Colonel W. Fisch Dated 12th July 1648.

Gloz (Klodzko/Glatz), 12th July 1648. Folio (32x21cm). Text, one page of a folio bifolium. Original fold marks and some mount residue on verso, but overall a very good letter.
Colonel Fisch reports that Swedish General Wittenberg had amassed about 5,000 men and 20 cannons in the Principality of Liegnitz between Konradswalde and Schoenfeld and was marching forward. Wittenberg had passed Weisswasser and united with the troops of Major General Müller. According to statements made by prisoners of war, a further advance to Troppau was planned. This letter gives important information about troop movements immediately leading up to the final battle of the Thirty Years War at Prague (25 July - 1 November 1648). Ottavio Piccolomini (1599-1656) was an Italian nobleman whose military career included service as a Spanish general and then as a field marshal of the Holy Roman Empire. Wikipedia.

 

107. [TORQUAY]
[Unsigned Watercolour View of Torquay, England, Titled on Verso:] Torquay from Livermead Sand, 20 October 1874.

1874. Watercolour on paper ca. 22x32,5 cm (8 ½ x 12 ¾ in). Period ink caption on verso. A very good watercolour, mounted in a recent mat.
Large attractive watercolour by an unknown artist, showing the Torquay harbour and city from the grounds of the Livermead House hotel. The view depicts picturesque houses and cliffs, several ships in the harbour, with a fishing boat and a peasant with his horse in the foreground. In the early 19th century “the town began to develop into a fashionable seaside resort, initially frequented by members of the Royal Navy during the Napoleonic Wars while the Royal Navy anchored in the bay. Later, as the town's fame spread, it was popular with the crème de la crème of Victorian society. Renowned for its healthful climate, the town earned the nickname of the English Riviera and favourable comparisons to Montpellier. Torquay was the home of the writer Agatha Christie, who was born in the town and lived there during her early years” (Wikipedia).

 

108. [TRANSYLVANIA & DALMATIA]
DANFORD, Charles George (fl. 1870s-1890s)
[Collection of Twenty-Seven Original Watercolour Views of Dalmatia and Transylvania, Modern Croatia and Romania].

Ca. 1870s. Watercolour and pencil on paper: one ca. 17,5x23 cm (6 ¾ x 9 ¼ in), seven ca. 19,5x14 cm (7 ¾ x 5 ½ in), four ca. 12x16 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in) or slightly smaller, and four smaller ones, ca. 8,5x13,5 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ¼ in). Each signed by the artist in one of the lower corners; the majority with pencil captions underneath. Mounted on both sides of three large album leaves. Mounts slightly soiled, but the watercolours are bright and in very good condition.
Nice collection of watercolour views of Dalmatia and Transylvania, by Scottish artist, sportsman and ornithologist Charles George Danford. The drawings taken from life reflect Danford’s extensive travels across the Balkans and Southern Europe in the 1870-1880-es. Dalmatia is represented with large watercolours showing the environs of Dubrovnik (Ragusa): one of the city’s narrow streets and the cathedral and then ‘Castello nuovo’ in Katar (Cattaro), a street in Cetinje (Cettigne), Katar’s panorama with a serpentine road leading to Cetinje et al. A group of smaller images show Zadar (Zara), Neretva (Narenta) Gorge, small ‘Hotel Europa’ on the ‘Montenegrin frontier’, a distant view of Ogulin town with surrounding mountains et al. A series of watercolours is dedicated to the Pâclişa village in Transylvania (now a neighbourhood of Alba Iulia, Romania). Overall a beautiful collection of attractive views of the Dinaric Alps, the Adriatic Sea, and Dalmatian villages and towns with bright red-roofed houses.
“Charles G. Danford (fl. 1870s-1890s), born in Scotland, was an accomplished artist, sportsman and ornithologist. He was elected as a Fellow of the Zoological Society of London in 1874. In the 1870s Danford travelled extensively in the Near East. Some of these watercolours may have been painted on his travels with Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria (1858-1889), whose book, Jagden und Beobachtungen (Vienna, 1887) Danford translated into English as Notes on Sport and Ornithology (London, 1889)” (Sotheby’s).

 

109. [VIENNA]
BENESCH, G[ustav]
[Original Signed Watercolour of the Hoher Markt in Vienna].

Ca. 1850. Watercolour on paper, ca. 27x19,5 cm (10 ½ x 7 ½ in). Recently matted, very good watercolour.
This attractive skillfully executed watercolour is by Gustav Benesch who was well known for his cityscapes of Vienna. This painting shows the Hoher Markt, the oldest square in Vienna with the large Vermählungsbrunnen (Wedding Fountain) in the centre.
"The monumental fountain was designed by the court architect, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and constructed from 1729 to 1732 by his son, Joseph Emanuel. The Baroque fountain depicts the supposed marriage between Joseph and Mary by the High Priest under a bronze baldachin, supported by four large Corinthian columns" (aviewoncities.com/vienna).

 

110. [VIENNA]
DEMBINSKI, Eduard von
[Original Signed Ink Drawing Heightened with Watercolour of the Stephansdom in Vienna].

Ca. 1925. Ink and watercolour drawing on board, ca. 28,5x17 cm (11 x 7 in). Recently matted, very good drawing.
This attractive skillfully executed ink drawing is of the Stephansdom as seen from the Churhausgasse. "St. Stephen's Cathedral (German: Stephansdom) is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vienna and the seat of the Archbishop of Vienna, Christoph Cardinal Schönborn, OP. The current Romanesque and Gothic form of the cathedral, seen today in the Stephansplatz, was largely initiated by Duke Rudolf IV (1339–1365) and stands on the ruins of two earlier churches, the first a parish church consecrated in 1147. The most important religious building in Austria's capital, St. Stephen's Cathedral has borne witness to many important events in that nation's history and has, with its multi-coloured tile roof, become one of the city's most recognizable symbols" (Wikipedia).

 

111. [VIENNA]
HOMANN, Johann Baptist (1664-1724)
[Panorama and Plan of Vienna and Environs] Prospect und Grund-Riss der Kayserl. Residenz-Stadt Wien mit negst anligender Gegend und Neuen Linien umb die Vorstädt.

Nuernberg, 1720. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 49x57,5 cm (19 ¼ x 22 ½ in). Blank on verso. Margins strengthened on verso, brown stains and a repaired tear on the outer left, but overall a very good map.
“An attractive bird's-eye plan of old Vienna and its fortifications and the surrounding suburbs with a detailed panorama below. The map has a numbered and lettered key to 32 locations in a decorative cartouche held aloft by an eagle and three putti. Beautiful baroque engravings of soldiers, allegorical figures, Roman soldier, and weaponry flank the view of the city” (Old World Auctions).

 

112. [VIENNA]
ROHACS, Hans [Rohan] [b. 1899]
[Original Signed Watercolour of Vienna's City Hall].

Ca. 1920. Watercolour on paper ca. 25,5x25 cm (14x10 in). Recently matted, very good watercolour.
This attractive skillfully executed watercolour is of Vienna's City Hall (Rathaus), which "was designed by Friedrich von Schmidt in the Gothic style, and built between 1872 and 1883. On the top of the tower is the Rathausmann, one of the symbols of Vienna. Facing the Rathaus is a large park, the Rathauspark. The Rathaus also accommodates the historic 'Wiener Rathauskeller' restaurant" (Wikipedia).

 

113. [VIENNA]
ZACH, Ferdinand (AUSTRIAN, 1868-1956)
[Original Signed Watercolour of the Vienna Court Opera (Wiener Hofoper)].

Ca. 1900. Watercolour, ca. 34x24,5 cm (13 ½ x 9 ½ in). Watercolour under glass in a period molded gilt wood frame. A very good watercolour in a very good original frame. Watercolour not examined out of the frame.
This attractive skillfully executed watercolour is by Ferdinand Zach who was well known for his cityscapes of Vienna. This painting shows a lively street scene in front of the entrance to the Vienna Court Opera. "The building was the first major building on the Vienna Ringstraße commissioned by the Viennese "city expansion fund". Work commenced on the building in 1861 and was completed in 1869, following plans drawn up by architects August Sicard von Sicardsburg and Eduard van der Nüll. It was built in the Neo-Renaissance style" (Wikipedia).

 

114. [WALES]
GOPE, Bertha
[Album of Thirty-Six Watercolour Sketches of North Wales, Including Bangor, Aber Village, Llanberis, Menai Bridge et al.]

8 July – 2 September 1862. Oblong Duodecimo (ca. 9,5x13 cm). 37 leaves. Thirty-six watercolour views, including one double-page. All watercolours captioned and dated in ink on verso of the leaves. Artist’s signature on the first pastedown "Bertha Gope. July 8th/ 62." Period black gilt tooled quarter sheep with brown cloth boards and a label of the album maker “G. Rowney & Co. London” on the first pastedown. Binding rubbed and loose on hinges, with a tear on the bottom of the front hinge, four needle holes on the upper corner of the front board, otherwise a very good album.
Attractive miniature sketchbook by a skilled amateur artist, with thirty-six watercolour views of North Wales, opening with a beautiful double-page panorama of Bangor harbour. There are another twelve views of Bangor in the sketchbook, showing boats in the waters of Menai Strait, shores of the Anglesea Island in distance or stone walls of Pernhyn Castle. Nine sketches depict the small village of Aber (Gwynedd), ten km east of Bangor, with a view of the Aber Falls; seven sketches are dedicated to Llanberis, a village at the foot of Snowdon, including views of the Lake Llyn Padarn, a part of Snowdon and “Capel Curig from Llanberis Pass”. There are also two views of the Menai Bridge and a sketch of the Gorad Goch island showing the original box sections of the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Strait (built in 1852 and reconstructed in the 1970s). Overall a nice keepsake from a summer travel across North Wales.
The region of North Wales “is steeped in history and was for almost a millennium known as the Kingdom of Gwynedd. The mountainous stronghold of Snowdonia formed the nucleus of that realm and would become the last redoubt of independent Wales - only overcome in 1283. To this day it remains a stronghold of the Welsh language and a centre for Welsh national and cultural identity” (Wikipedia).

 

115. [WEST PRUSSIA]
KESTNER, Dr. Ernst
Beitraege zur Geschichte der Stadt Thorn. Nach archivalischen Quellen mitgetheilt. [Contributions to the History of the City Torun..,]

Thorn (Torun): Ernst Lambeck, 1882. First Edition. Octavo. [iv], 290 pp. Period brown half sheep with marbled boards and a manuscript paper title label on spine. Binding mildly rubbed, with a couple library markings on title page but overall a very good copy.
A rare city history of Torun, one of the oldest cities in Poland. The medieval old town of Toruń is the birthplace of the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus. Wikipedia.

 

116. [WROCLAW/BRESLAU AND GRAEFENBERG]
[Souvenir Autograph Book with 23 Loose Leaves Filled in with Manuscript Poems and Wishes in the Tradition of a University “Album Amicorum,” Mostly from Breslau and Graefenberg, the Latter entries most likely Done by the First Patient of Vincent Priessnitz’s Hydrotherapy Clinic in Graefenberg; The leaves Include Three Ink and Pencil Drawn Full-Page City Views].

Breslau and Graefenberg, ca. 1816, 1834-1839. 23 loose leaves, each ca. 8x13,5 cm (with twelve blank leaves at rear). Brown ink on white writing paper, the text is generally in German, but also in French, English and Russian; three leaves are with one ink and watercolour, and two pencil drawn views. Leaves with all edges gilt and housed in the original card box (ca. 9x14,5 cm), with velvet covered boards and spine, and gilt covered paper decorative borders. The box is inserted in the original pink card slipcase. The box and slipcase are slightly worn and soiled, but otherwise a very good internally clean item.
An attractive example of a 19th century German souvenir autograph book, containing manuscript verses and wishes, as well as three nicely executed miniature drawings. The leaves were filled in mostly in Breslau and Graefenberg (now Lázně Jeseník, Czech Republic), which was the site of a famous spa and hydrotherapy clinic of Vincent Priessnitz at the time. The entries from Graefenberg are dated 1838 and 1839 which were the very first years of the clinic’s official work, and most probably were written by some of the clinic’s first patients. Among the authors of the inscriptions are an Austrian baron Louis Ransonnet-Villez, and Caroline von Münchhausen (Braunschweig). The drawings include two pencil views of Breslau, and one beautiful pen and watercolour view of an unidentified German city.
The Album Amicorum is supplemented with a period manuscript book titled “Erzählungen für Kinder von meinem guter Vater,” and signed “Dr. Bischoff,” apparently from the estate of the compiler of the Album Amicorum. The manuscript book (Small octavo, bound in a period brown half sheep with cracks and losses on the spine) contains 40 pages of handwritten children stories (in German) and is illustrated with 19 hand coloured woodcuts, pasted to the book’s blank leaves.

 

117. [WROCLAW/BRESLAU TOWN HALL]
[Original Unsigned Watercolour of the Wrocław (Breslau) Ratusz or Town Hall].

Ca. 1930. Watercolour on paper ca. 16x22,5 cm (6 ½ x 9 in). Recently matted, the watercolour is in very good condition.
This attractive watercolour shows pedestrians, a horse and carriage and a car in front of the Wrocław (Breslau) Ratusz (Town Hall). "The Ratusz sits in the Market square at an angle. It is considered as a fine example of bourgeois Gothic architecture. Originally, it was a single story building and was expanded over the years. The current form dates from the late 15th century with ornaments on the Eastern and Southern facades. The entrance is from the western side and it leads into the Burghers’ Hall" (Wikipedia).

 

118. [ZUERICH]
GLASER, Ludwig
[Original Signed & Dated Gouache Watercolour Titled:] Zuerich.

1907. Watercolour on board, ca. 30x23,5 cm (11 ½ x 9 in). Watercolour under glass in a period wood veneer frame. A very good watercolour. Watercolour not examined out of the frame.
This attractive and skillfully executed gouache shows the Napfbrunnen in the Napfgasse in the Zuerich Old Town. Vladimir Lenin lived in the Spiegelgasse 14 the continuation of the Napfgasse from the 21st of February 1916 until the 2nd of April 1917 before going to Russia to lead the Bolsheviks.

 

119. BECHSTEIN, Ludwig, and KLEINKNECHT, V.
Album der Haupt- und Residenzstaedte Europa’s. I. Section. I-V. Lieferung. München, Berlin, Wien, Dresden, Leipzig; II. Section. I-V. Lieferung. Paris, Weimar, Bremen, Frankfurt, Prag [Collection in Two Volumes, each in 5 Issues, of: Album of Capitals and Residence Cities of Europe].

Schweinfurt: Kleinknecht und Schäfer’s Kunstverlag, 1843-1845. Ten issues, all First Editions, all Octavos. Vol. 1: iv, 44; 71; 88; 52; 56 pp. Vol. 2: 112; 39; 44; 58; 46 pp. With a folding plate with the appeal to the public (vol. 1, issue 1) and twenty-one steel engraved plates (views and plans of the cities), with tissue guards. All issues in original publisher’s wrappers; five parts of the first volume in original decorative wrappers, blind and colour stamped; the rest in printed wrappers. Several wrappers with minor soiling and tears on extremities, first wrapper of the Paris issue with 1cm of the top margin cut out, first wrapper of the Prague issue with an pasted title label, first page of the Berlin wrapper slightly detached from the foot of spine, but overall a very good collection of uncut brochures in original wrappers.
Attractive collection of illustrated descriptions of the main European cities, containing the first ten issues of the series published by Ludwig Bechstein and V. Kleinknecht, all in the original publisher’s wrappers. The cities described are: Munich, Berlin, Vienna, Dresden, Leipzig, Paris, Weimar, Bremen, Frankfurt, and Prague. Each issue is illustrated with a city view and plan (the “Paris” issue has two city views). A very good collection in very original condition.

 


120. BISMARCK, Otto von, Chancellor (1815-1898)
[Fragment of a Signed Letter "Your faithful Cousin v. Bismarck" talking about his workload: "I'm doing well and Johanna sends her warm wishes, I'm only buried by my workload and so I only could go for a walk last night at 11pm for the first time in 3 days;" With (mounted on the same sheet:) Another Fragment of a Signed Letter by his father, Ferdinand von Bismarck Schonhausen (1771-1845) Dated Schonhausen 25 April 1844 to Frau von Rohr (born of Nessell in Hohenwulsch):"At that very moment I received a letter from the mother, who had been so kind as to buy something for me. They are all healthy ..."].

Fragments ca. 19x13 cm and 10x13 cm respectively. Each written in dark brown ink on both sides on wove paper. Fragments in overall very good condition.
Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890. His father, Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand von Bismarck (1771–1845), was a Junker estate owner and a former Prussian military officer. Wikipedia.

 

121. COOKE, William Bernard (1778-1855)
[Autograph Letter Signed “W. Cooke” to His Mother with Interesting Notes about the Napoleonic Wars and Illustrated with a Large Beautiful Ink Drawing of St. Mawes, Cornwall].

St. Mawes, Sunday, 29 November 1812. Octavo (ca. 23x18,5 cm). 4 pp., with text on the upper third parts of pages only. Brown ink on paper, with a large double-page ink sketch of St. Mawes on pp. 2 and 3. Addressed, sealed and with postal marks on the last page. Mild fold marks, minor tear and chip on the second leaf after opening not affecting the text, otherwise a very good letter.
Beautiful illustrated letter by prominent British engraver William Bernard Cooke, with interesting notes about the War between Britain and France (1803-1814) and a large drawing of St. Mawes, preceding Cooke’s famous series of the “Picturesque Views on the Southern Coast of England” (48 etchings, 1814-1826). The letter was addressed to his mother, Anna Maria White (d. 1821) and describes Cooke’s stay in St. Mawes with his wife “Bethy” - Elizabeth Blundstone (d. 1830). He talks about his illness, an invitation from his brother Samuel to come to Spain (but it is too late in winter for travelling, so Cooke will not go); and notes that “the trading Vessels the same kind as we came with were lately taken by the French between Falmouth & Plymouth. I don’t know how we shall get home again, for Bethy has the greatest aversion by Sea and by land it is so extravagantly dear that it would cost us 25 d. To London.”
Most part of the central spread is occupied by a beautiful ink drawn view of St. Mawes, “entirely done from Memory, but has <…> rece’d the greatest approbation of several I have shewn it to on account of its likeness of the Place; we can only see from our Window St. Anthony’s Point, the open Sea and the distant view of the Manacles. You must suppose yourself upon a high hill much above St. Mawes and looking down upon the whole.”
Cook describes the view: “In the foreground is St. Mawes, the House with the Chimney smoaking [sic!] is the one we live in. A fleet is going off with convoy for the Mediterranean, in one of the ships suppose myself, and Bethy near the castle waving her handkerchief, taking leave of me <…> . A Train of Buoys are in the middle of the Harbour to denote the deep Water. 15 fathom. Men of War go a great Way up the Harbour on the night. Where the Packet is firing a Gun as the Signal of departure for passengers on Shore – is called the Roads.”
He also notes that the number of birds drawn by him in different groups relates to specific objects in the view, and explains: [1 bird]. The Pier of St. Mawes; [2 birds]. One of the Seine Boats. A Seine is a Net of extraordinary size, which will surround 18 Hundred hogsheads of live Fish at one Time; [3 birds]. St. Anthony’s Point, it joins the mainland at about a mile up, forming a Creek or Small River; [4 birds]. The Manacle Rocks. The Lizard is situated just beyond them. St. Keverne Church us on the Top; [5 birds]. Pendennis Castle, firing a salute on my Father’s birthday; [6 birds]. Falmouth, a large Dot on the Hill near the Church is Mr. Blundstone’s Tomb Stone; [7 birds]. Penryn. Just below Penryn, a few Roofs of Houses are seen, on the other side the Hill. This is Flushing.” Overall a beautiful artistic letter with interesting information on the Napoleonic Wars.

 

122. DIX, Arthur Joseph (1861-1917)
[Album of 103 Original Watercolour Designs for Stained Glass Windows].

Ca. 1900. Oblong Quarto (ca. 20x28 cm). 16 card stock leaves. One hundred and three watercolour sketches on paper from ca. 2x2 cm (1x1 in) to ca. 5,5x12,5 cm (2x5 in), mounted on the album leaves. All watercolours numbered in pencil, with the ink captions on the opposite leaves. Artist’s carte-de-visite mounted on the first pastedown. Period brown cloth album with gilt tooled initials “A.J.D.” on the front cover. Binding rubbed on extremities, with the spine recased. Overall a very good album with beautiful bright watercolours.
Valuable collection of 103 original watercolour designs for stained glass windows produced by the firm of Arthur J. Dix (101 Gower St., London). The designs, drawn and compiled by Dix himself, include fine examples of coat of arms, royal shields, seals and insignia, with the time frame from the Medieval English kings, to British 20th century institutions and societies. Among the designs are royal shields of kings Ethelbert, Oswald of Northumberland, Harold I, Alfred the Great, Richard II, Henry VIII; seals of Edward the Confessor, King John, the Duke of Burgundy, the City of London, the town of Hartlepool etc. There are also coats of arms of the cities of York, Leeds, Liverpool, Chester, Plymouth, Borough of Kensington, county of Lancashire et al.; Oxford and Cambridge Universities; emblems of the Company of Musicians, Society of Antiquaries, Institute of British Architects et al.
“Stained glass artist. Arthur J. Dix was based in Gower Street, London, and active from the 1890s. He, or his studio, also made work by other designers as late as 1940” (Stained Glass of Wales online).
His advertising published in the “Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench” for 1916 stated: “Designs prepared and submitted with estimates for memorial and heraldic stained glass windows, church decorations, mosaics and brasses. Arthur J. Dix, worker in stained glass, 101, Gower St., London” (p. Xix).
Dix carved stained glass windows for a number of buildings in Buckinghampshire, including town hall in his native Wycombe, churches of All Saints (Marlow), St. Peter and Paul (Medmenham), St. Mary (Slough), and St. John the Baptist (The Lee). His stained glass windows also decorate the church of St. John the Baptist (Ightfield, Shropshire), St. Dunstan’s church (Cranford, London) and others.
See more: Little, J. Stained Glass Marks and Monograms. London: National Association of Decorative and Fine Art Societies, 2002, p. 42.

 

123. FREDERICK I, King of Prussia (1657-1713)
[Letter Signed "Frideric" Dated Colln on the Spree 29 December 1707 and addressed to the provincial government in Koenigsberg (East Prussia). The Mayor, Councillors, Judges, Merchants etc. of Kneiphof-Konigsberg (East Prussia) wanted to create a widows and orphans fund and had asked for the King's consent. This letter is a reply stating the King consents with pleasure but asks the initiators to work out the project in writing and then send it to the him for examination and approval. Counter-signed by a brother of the discredited Eberhard von Danckelmann (1643-1722) who served as Prime Minister of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1692-97].

29 December 1707. Folio (32,5x20,5 cm). Two pages in dark brown ink on a bifolium of laid paper. Medium hole from opening, not affecting the text, remnants of wax seal, otherwise a very good letter.
This letter is a good example of the positive activities undertaken during the reign of Frederick I as he was also a patron of the arts. The Akademie der Künste in Berlin was founded by Frederick in 1696, as was the Academy of Sciences in 1700. Wikipedia.

 

124. FREDERICK WILLIAM III, King of Prussia (1770-1840)
[Letter Signed "Friedrich Wilhelm" From Exile in Konigsberg Dated Christmas Day 1808 to Colonel von Criwitz (1741-1814) in Berlin. Criwitz had returned to Berlin to take over his former position (assessor) again. However, the King feels that Criwitz is too old and so asks him to retire and grants him a pension at half pay].

25 December 1808. Quarto (25,5x21 cm). One page of a bifolium written in dark brown ink on laid paper. Biographical sketch of von Criwitz in ball point pen on the verso of last blank leaf. Overall a very good letter.
A good example of a letter from Frederick William III from exile in East Prussia after the Prussian defeat at the Battle of Jena-Auerstädt.
"At first Frederick William and his advisors attempted to pursue a policy of neutrality in the Napoleonic Wars. Although they succeeded in keeping out of the Third Coalition in 1805, eventually Frederick William was swayed by the belligerent attitude of the queen, who led Prussia's pro-war party, and entered into war in October 1806. On 14 October 1806, at the Battle of Jena-Auerstädt, the French defeated the Prussian army led by Frederick William, and the Prussian army collapsed. The royal family fled to Memel, East Prussia, where they fell on the mercy of Emperor Alexander I of Russia. Docile and slow to recognize the growing French threat, Frederick's decision for war in 1806 ended in national humiliation. Alexander, too, suffered defeat at the hands of the French, and at Tilsit on the Niemen France made peace with Russia and Prussia. Napoleon dealt with Prussia very harshly, despite the pregnant Queen's personal interview with the French emperor. Prussia lost many of its Polish territories, as well as all territory west of the Elbe, and had to finance a large indemnity and to pay for French troops to occupy key strong points within the Kingdom. Although the ineffectual King himself seemed resigned to Prussia's fate, various reforming ministers, such as Baron vom Stein, Prince von Hardenberg, Scharnhorst, and Count Gneisenau, set about reforming Prussia's administration and military, with the encouragement of Queen Luise (who died, greatly mourned, in 1810)" (Wikipedia).

 

125. FREDERICK WILLIAM IV, King of Prussia (1795-1861)
[Letter Signed "Friedrich Wilhelm" from Potsdam Dated 29 April 1844 Addressed to the Art Dealer Kortmann in Berlin. "I have received with thanks on the 27th of March the wall maps submitted by you and am happy to accept the offered dedication to me on the yet to be published general map of the Prussian State."]

29 April 1844. Quarto (26x22 cm). Quarter page written in dark brown ink of a wove paper bifolium. Original fold marks, a few minor splits at folds, some very mild staining but overall a very good letter.
"Frederick William IV, the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861. Also referred to as the "romanticist on the throne", he is best remembered for the many buildings he had constructed in Berlin and Potsdam, as well as for the completion of the Gothic Cologne cathedral. In politics, he was a conservative, and in 1849 he rejected the title of German Emperor offered to him by the Frankfurt parliament, considering that it was not in the parliament's gift" (Wikipedia).

 

126. GIGANTE, Achille (1823-1846)
[Large Signed Pencil Drawing of the Castle in Scaletta Zanclea, Sicily, Captioned in Pencil]: Castello di Scaletta.

Ca. 1843. Pencil on paper, heightened in white, ca. 27,5x43 cm (11x17 in). Signed in the right lower corner, captioned and noted on lower margin and on the mount. Mounted in a period mat within double pencil borders. A very good drawing.
A skillful pencil drawing by a listed artist Achille Gigante shows Castello di Scaletta Zanclea in Sicily; the castle stands on a hill in the distance, and ruins of a fortress ‘believed to be built by the Saracens’ are seen in the foreground. “The castle Ruffo Ruffo di Scaletta Zanclea, an imposing three-story building, was originally founded by the Swabians as a military fort in 1220. During the next centuries the castle belonged to several lords (Swabians, Aragonese and Spanish) and in 1672 it was passed to the Ruffo family which used the castle as a hunting lodge, keeping its structure intact. The castle was constructed on a hill leaning towards the sea, with high inaccessible slopes, except for the east side overlooking the Strait of Messina” (esplorasicilia online).
Achille Gigante was an Italian lithographer and designer of acquaforte. He came from a family of artists: his father Gaetano Gigante (Naples, 1770-1840) was an Italian painter and engraver, active mainly in Naples; brother – Giacinto Gigante, one of the main painters of the School of Posillipo; another brother, Ercole Gigante (1815-1860) – a landscape painter (Wikipedia). Achille Gigante was known for his etchings published in several illustrated editions about Italy or Naples, e.g. “Vues d'Italie: recueil artificiel de 24 gravures et 1 crayon” (N.p., 1842-1852); “Viaggio da napoli a Castellammare, con 42 vedute incise all' acqua forte” (Naples, 1845), “Napoli e i luoghi celebri delle sue vicinanze” (Naples, 1845). Two similar drawings sold for 3,290 GBP at Christies in 2003.x

 

127. GIGANTE, Achille (1823-1846)
[Large Signed Pencil Drawing of the Coast near Sorrento, Captioned in Pencil]: Strada Nuova.

1843. Pencil on paper, ca. 26x40 cm (10 ¼ x 15 ¾ in). Signed and dated in the left lower corner, captioned and noted on the mount. Mounted in a period mat within double pencil borders. A very good drawing.
A skillful pencil drawing by a listed artist Achille Gigante shows a coastal view of the Sorrentine Peninsula (Campania, Italy), with villas on shore and Capri Island in the distance; a small steamer is going in the direction of Naples. Several pencil captions above the drawing indicate different villas and sites of the area: Villa Creven, Villa Traletta, Casino di Creven, Grotta S. Giovani, Isola Capri et al.
Achille Gigante was an Italian lithographer and designer of acquaforte. He came from a family of artists: his father Gaetano Gigante (Naples, 1770-1840) was an Italian painter and engraver, active mainly in Naples; brother – Giacinto Gigante, one of the main painters of the School of Posillipo; another brother, Ercole Gigante (1815-1860) – a landscape painter (Wikipedia). Achille Gigante was known for his etchings published in several illustrated editions about Italy or Naples, e.g. “Vues d'Italie: recueil artificiel de 24 gravures et 1 crayon” (N.p., 1842-1852); “Viaggio da napoli a Castellammare, con 42 vedute incise all' acqua forte” (Naples, 1845), “Napoli e i luoghi celebri delle sue vicinanze” (Naples, 1845). Two similar drawings sold for 3,290 GBP at Christies in 2003.

 

128. GIGANTE, Achille (1823-1846)
[Large Signed Pencil Drawing of Naples, Captioned in Pencil]: Pizzo Falcone.

1843. Pencil on paper, occasional hints of watercolour, ca. 24x38,5 cm (9 ½ x 15 ¼ in). Signed and dated in the right lower corner, captioned on the mount. Mounted in a period mat within double pencil borders. A very good drawing.
A skillful pencil drawing by a listed artist Achille Gigante shows the hill of Pizzofalcone in Naples - a residency of the local aristocracy, with houses descending to the shore of the Gulf of Naples, fishing boats and a girl collecting shells on shore. “The hill of Pizzofalcone, also known as the Mountain of God, is an area of Naples, including in the San Ferdinando, situated between the village Saint Lucia, the Chiatamone and Chiaia” (Wikipedia).
Achille Gigante was an Italian lithographer and designer of acquaforte. He came from a family of artists: his father Gaetano Gigante (Naples, 1770-1840) was an Italian painter and engraver, active mainly in Naples; brother - Giacinto Gigante, one of the main painters of the School of Posillipo; another brother, Ercole Gigante (1815-1860) - a landscape painter (Wikipedia). Achille Gigante was known for his etchings published in several illustrated editions about Italy or Naples, e.g. “Vues d'Italie: recueil artificiel de 24 gravures et 1 crayon” (N.p., 1842-1852); “Viaggio da napoli a Castellammare, con 42 vedute incise all' acqua forte” (Naples, 1845), “Napoli e i luoghi celebri delle sue vicinanze” (Naples, 1845). Two similar drawings sold for 3,290 GBP at Christies in 2003.

 

129. GIOVIO, ‚Giulio‚ Bishop of Nocera (ca. 1510-ca. 1563)
[Official Letter Signed by Giovio to “Molto Magnifico Signor” Solomeo Solomei in Florence‚ Introducing his Nephew Passing through Florence on his way to Rome].

Como, 19 March 1560. Folio (ca. 31x21 cm). 1 pp. With the integral blank leaf. Brown ink on laid paper, text in Italian in secretarial hand, signed by Giovio, addressed and docketed on verso of the second blank leaf. Fold marks, second leaf with the lower blank corner clipped and minor staining from the removed seal, but overall a very good letter.
Letter by Giulio Giovio‚ the bishop of Nocera, Campania (1552-1560), writer and nephew of noted prelate, historian and physician Paolo Giovio (1483-1552). Giulio Giovio inherited the title of the bishop of Nocera from his uncle (Paolo Giovio held the seat in 1528-1552). Among poetical works of Giulio Giovio is an extensive poem, a part of which is dedicated to Giovanni da Verrazzano who travelled to North America in 1524, thus becoming “the first European since the Norse expeditions to North America around AD 1000 to explore the Atlantic coast of North America between the Carolinas and Newfoundland, including New York Bay and Narragansett Bay.” A contemporary of the events, Giulio Giovio collected news about the voyage directly from the testimony of Verrazzano’s brother, Jerome. The eleven octaves of Giovio’s poem related to Giovanni da Verrazzano were published by A. Bacchiani under title “I fratelli da Verrazzano e l'eccidio di una spedizione italo-francese in America (1528)” (Boll. Della Società geografica italiana, s. 4, II (1925), pp. 395-399). The later years of Giulio's life he spent at his uncle’s villa, called Museo because of a large collection of painting and antiquities, including one of the first collection of artefacts from the New World, where he sorted the unpublished works of his uncle.

 

130. JOHN HARDMAN & CO.
[Collection of Twenty Seven Original Watercolour and Pencil Drawn Designs of Stained Glass Windows and Interiors of Catholic Churches in Great Britain Produced by “John Hardman & Co.”; With Four Original Photos of Stained Glass Windows and Two Pieces of Related Printed Ephemera].

Ca. 1930-1950s. 27 watercolours on paper, mostly mounted on card (five unmounted, one mounted on linen and card), including eleven large pieces from ca. 62x35 cm (24 ½ x 13 ¾ in) and ca. 53x62 cm (20 ¾ x 24 ¼ in) to ca. 48x30,5 cm (18 ¾ x 12 in) and 30x65,5 cm (12 x 25 ¾ in); and sixteen smaller pieces from ca. 33x41,5 cm (13 x 16 ½ in) to ca. 16x10,5 cm (6 ¼ x 4 in). Ten watercolours with paper seals of John Hardman & Co. attached to the right lower corners on verso (two more with the remnants of the seals). Most with period pen or ink explanatory notes, titles, inscriptions “John Hardman Studios” et al. On recto or verso; four signed by the designers (Patrick A. Feeny, Donald B. Taunton, Arthur E. Buss, W.G. Edwards). Several mounts with wear including chipping or minor losses on corners and extremities, one mounted watercolour with several deep creases, one with a hole on the mount not affecting the image, several watercolours slightly soiled, but overall a very good collection.
Beautiful collection of original watercolour designs for stained glass windows created by the “John Hardman & Co.” – famous manufacturers of stained glass windows, ecclesiastical fittings and ornaments for Catholic churches in Great Britain, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada et al. The company was founded in 1838 and began manufacturing stained glass in 1844; quickly it became the leader in the industry, widely known for numerous works in the Gothic Revival style made in collaboration with the architect Augustus Pugin (1812-1852). The most famous building which “John Hardman & Co.” made glass work for was the Houses of Parliament in London.
Our collection relates to the period of the company’s work in the 20th century, under the leadership of Donald B. Taunton (1886-1965) and Patrick A. Feeny (1910-1995). Taunton served with the company as its chief designer from 1935 to 1964. His works can be seen in Great Britain, the U.S., Canada, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia. Feeny was a “stained glass designer and a Fellow of the British Society of Master Glass Painters, and an early experimenter with what is known as 'dalles de verre' or 'slab glass'. He joined Hardman and Co. In 1928, and took the firm over in 1964” (Stained Glass in Wales online).
The collection contains eleven large designs, including a five-window composition of Christ’s Resurrection with Christ’s figure in the centre and three smaller pieces around (Christ and Mary Magdalene, the Myrrhbearers and the Angel, Christ and two disciples on the road to Emmaus); a five-window composition of Christ’s Transfiguration with the voice of God the Father coming from the sky, Moses and Elijah at Christ’s sides, apostles Peter, James and John at his feet, and eight angels surrounding the composition; a seven-window composition with Christ on the cross surrounded by the Virgin Mary, apostles and saints; a four-window composition dedicated to the Virgin Mary with the Annunciation as a central piece and eight smaller scenes from her life around; large prolonged composition with Christ on the cross, and St. John the Baptist, surrounded by saints and scenes from the Gospel; and others. Very interesting is a four-window composition with English Catholic saints and English cathedrals, featuring St. John Fisher in front of the Rochester Cathedral, St. Augustine in front of the Canterbury Cathedral; St. Columba in front of the Iona Cathedral, and St. Thomas Moore in front of the Tower of London. There are also two large designs of the churches’ interior decorations: of St. Austin’s Catholic Church in Stafford (by Patrick A. Feeny), and of St. Mary’s Convent in Handsworth.
Smaller watercolour designs of stained glass windows depict: Christ & children (a composition for the east window of the Harrogate College Chapel designed by Arthur E. Buss, M.G.P. In memory of E.W. Jones, headmistress in 1898-1935); Christ saying “I am the true vine” (design for the roof window signed by W.G. Edwards); Christ with Abraham & Ruth (design for the church in Hemingbrough, signed by Donald B. Taunton); St. Paul; St. Gertrude & St. Teresa; St. Thomas More & St. John Fisher; Bd. Christopher Buxton & Ven. Robert Ludlam; St. William of York; composition for the Sacred Heart chapel in St. Francis Xavier’s College in Liverpool; a three-part design of an ornamental lattice.
The collection is supplemented with four photos of stained glass windows and a stone panel executed by the Hardman Studios, from ca. 39x23,5 cm (15 ¼ x 9 ¼ in) to ca. 14,5x18 cm (5 ¾ x 7 in); a printed leaflet titled “Proposed Altar and Reredos to be erected in the College Church. St. Wilfried’s College, Cotton Hall, May 1900” (3 pp., published by Simkin & Son, Birmingham); and a printed view of a stained glass altar piece with a blind stamp “Hardman & Co.” on the upper margin.
Overall a beautiful collection of original watercolour designs from the archive of one of the world’s best stained glass manufacturers. “A large proportion of the Hardman archive, particularly their Medieval Room, was damaged and destroyed in a fire at the Newhall Hill studio in 1970, some of the earliest and most damaged cartoons and now held in temperature controlled storage at Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. The business was closed in 2008” (Wikipedia).

 

131. HERZBERG, Friedrich
[New Prussian Territories Gained After the Third Partition of Poland]: Süd-Preussen und Neu-Ost-Preussen, nebst dem zu dem Preussischen Schlesien geschlagenen Theile der vormahligen Woiwodschaft Krakau und den der Provinz West-Preussen einverleibten Handels-Städten Danzig und Thorn. Eine geographisch-statistische Skizze.

Berlin: Königl. Realschul-Buchhandlung, 1798. First Edition. Octavo. Xvi, 252 pp. With three folding tables. Period ink stamp of the “Königl. Cabinets und Archiv- Bibliothek” on page iii, owner’s paper label on the first free endpaper. Period marbled papered boards with gilt borders on the spine. A near fine copy.
First monograph with a geographical and statistical overview of the territories annexed by Prussia after the third partition of Poland (1795). The territories included the remainder of Polish Mazovia with Warsaw and a part of Lithuania west of Neman. Wermke 2657. "Following the end of the Kosciuszko rebellion, Austria, Prussia, and Russia decided to put an end to the unrest by wiping Poland off of the map of Europe. On October 24, 1795, the representatives of the Russian Empire, Austria, and the Kingdom of Prussia assembled to write the treaty formally dissolving the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and all of her institutions, though the conquering powers did not sign the treaty until January 26, 1797 in St. Petersburg. Despite a heated disagreement between Austria and Prussia over the division of land that almost led the negotiations to collapse, it was eventually agreed that Austria would receive the territories of Western Galicia and Southern Masovia, along with approximately 1.2 million people; Prussia received Podlachia, the remainder of Masovia, and Warsaw, with 1 million people; and Russia received the remainder, including the city of Vilnius and 1.2 million people. Since Poland no longer existed as a national entity following the Kosciuszko Rebellion, the conquering powers found no need to force approval from a Polish representative as they had done with the previous partitions. The partition coalition forced King Stanislaw to abdicate and he retired to St. Petersburg as Catherine II’s trophy prisoner, where he died in 1798" (Wikipedia).

 

132. PERELLE, Gabriel (1604?-1677), Adam (1640-1695) & Nicolas (1631-1695)
[Bound Collection of Nineteen Architectural Copper Engravings from the “Veues des Plus Beaux Lieux de France et d'Italie & Les Places, Portes, Fontaines de Paris & Veue de Rome et des Environs”].

Paris: N. Langlois, ca. 1670-1680s. Oblong Folio (ca. 28x36,5 cm). With 19 wide margin copper engravings etched by Israel Silvestre. Period grey paper wrappers with a brown ink note in Italian on top of the front wrapper. Wrappers slightly soiled and creased, plates slightly age toned, but overall a very good collection of bright sound engravings.
This beautiful collection of engraved views of French palaces, mansions and gardens from the time of Louis XIV was published by Nicolas Langlois in the series of “Veues des Plus Beaux Lieux de France et d'Italie & Les Places, Portes, Fontaines de Paris & Veue de Rome et des Environs” (Paris, ca. 1670-1680, ca. 251 plates). Our plates assembled together under period paper wrappers include views of the Palais-Royal in Paris, palaces and parks in Chaville and Meudon (both near Paris), Liencourt (Nord-Pas de Calais), Conflans-sur-Seine (north-eastern France); Château de Clagny (near Versailles), Colbert’s house in Sceaux (Bourg-la-Reine near Paris), Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte (Seine-et-Marne), Château d'Ancy-le-Franc (Burgundy), Château de Madrid (Bois de Boulogne) and Château de Richelieu (Touraine).
“An extensive series of engravings depicting the major French chateaux and gardens, including Versailles and Fountainebleau, and Parisian views and architectural landmarks. It appears to have been issued by Mariette and N. De Poilly, in addition to Langlois” (Christies).
“Gabriel Perelle was a French draftsman and printmaker of topographic views and landscapes. A pupil of Simon Vouet, Perelle specialized in classical landscapes not dissimilar to those of Francisque Millet, although more obviously decorative. He founded an etching workshop, and his sons Nicolas and Adam assisted him. Perelle was also a pupil of Daniel Rabel and produced several hundred engravings both from his own drawings and from those of his competitors Israël Silvestre, Paul Bril, Jacques Callot, Michel Corneille the Elder, Pierre Asselin, Jacques Fouquières, Corneille Poëlembourg, and Sébastien Pontault de Beaulieu. These engravings in the etching and intaglio mainly depict landscapes of the Paris region, including views of castles, where he introduced the variety by adding ruins and various accessories” (Wikipedia).

 

133. SORRIOT DE L’HOST, Andreas, Freiherrn von, K.K. General Major
Carte Générale Orographique et Hydrographique de l’Europe qui montre les principales ramifications des montagnes, fleuves at chemins, avec les principales villes, dressée d’après les meilleures cartes des auteurs les plus acredites [Orographical and Hydrographical Map of Europe; With:] General Karte von Europa. Worinnen die Gestalt dieses Erdtheiles zu ersehen ist, wie selbe nach seinem Höhensisteme und Wasserzuge angeordnet ist [General Map of Europe Showing its Mountain and River Systems].

Vienna: Joseph. List, 1816-1818. Two copper engraved folding maps with ornamental border frames, dissected and linen backed. The first one on four sheets, each ca. 56x69 cm (22x27 cm), with the total size ca. 111,5x137,5 cm (44x 54 ¼ in); the second map ca. 56x68,5 cm (22x27 cm). Each of the five parts with a paper label with handwritten title pasted on the verso of linen. The maps housed in a period custom made card folder and a box with marbled paper sides and a cloth spine with gilt lettered title “Europa von Sorriot.” Minor stains and small tears on a fold of the larger map, the box slightly rubbed on extremities, but overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of two rare maps focusing on the mountain and river systems of Europe, and also marking main cities and roads. Worldcat finds only six copies of the first map and four copies of the second map. The first map is supplemented with four inserts including two profiles of the European mountainous areas from Hamburg to Genoa (Italy) and from Memel to Odessa; a table of heights of the main mountain ranges; a table of latitudes and longitudes of the major European cities; general overview map of Europe, and a detailed explanatory text. The second map has three inserts detailing the course of the Danube, and two extensive explanatory text boxes.

 

134. ULZ, Georg Friedrich
[Map of Hungary, Russian, Austrian and Prussian Domains in the former Poland, the Black Sea and Turkey] Charte von Ungarn, den Russisch, Oestreich, und Preussischen Besitzungen im ehemal. Polen, ingl. Dem Schwarzen Meer und der Türkey.

Nürnberg: A.G. Schneider & Weigels, 1803. Large copper engraved map ca. 58x52 cm (ca. 22 ½ x 20 ½ in), borders outlined in colour. Period ink inscription “Ungarn und Polen” on verso. Original centrefold, paper slightly creased on blank margins, otherwise a very good wide-margined map.
Based on the map of Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d' Anville and other contemporary sources, the map gives a detailed outline of the new territorial acquisitions in Europe in the early 19th century as an outcome of the three Partitions of Poland. The Russian Empire is shown with the recently annexed parts of the Western Ukraine, Belorussia and Lithuania with Wilno; Prussia – with New Silesia, New East Prussia and Warsaw, and Austria – with Galicia, Krakow and Lublin.

 





 
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