March 2015 - Part 3: Americas, the Pacific, the Polar Regions

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[De La MOTTE, Edward]
[Typewritten Manuscript Account of the Fifth Ascent of Aconcagua, by British Climber Edward de la Motte and American Mountaineer James Ramsey Ullman, Being also the First American Ascent of Aconcagua, Titled:] Horcones Valley and Aconcagua. February/March 1928.

Ca. 1928. Quarto (ca. 28,5x22 cm). 25 numbered leaves of typewritten text. Occasional period ink corrections in text. Vertical centrefold, first and last leaves with mild creases and traces of old staples removed, otherwise a very good manuscript.
Original typescript of the diary of Edward de la Motte, one of the participants of the fifth ascent of Aconcagua, the highest peak in the Americas, with his manuscript corrections in text. De la Motte’s climbing partner was a famous American mountaineer and writer James Ramsey Ullman (1907-1971), thus the expedition became the first American ascent of Aconcagua. The expedition party included two other members, named in the manuscript “Bromley” and “Mrs.” (a female). De la Motte gives a detailed description of the whole expedition from arrival to Retiro (Buenos Aires) on 25 February to the final arrival to Buenos Aires (on the way back) on 12 March 1828. The manuscript describes the mountaineers’ arrival in Mendoza, preparation and supplying of the expedition, trip to the Uspallata town and Puente del Inca, the long hike up the Horcones Valley, and all proceedings in the high camps on the mountain, including an acclimatization hike to the Buena Vista ridge and the summit day. The entries note the altitudes gained, pulse levels, experienced symptoms of mountain sickness, weight of loads carried, menus and preparations of the meals, frostbites et al. There are also several mentions of previous British expeditions to Aconcagua – by E. Fitzgerald and S. Vines (1897) and by J. Cochrane and M.F. Ryan (1925).
Some entries: “February 27th. Mrs. Togs up a la “complete mountaineer” in heavy boots and breeches, but fearing the populace slips out by a back entrance and gets nearly eaten by a yard full of dogs.” (p. 3).
“March 3rd. Base, night min. 28° 18,000 max. Pulse before starting: Ram 68, me 100. This is being written in Ryan’s tent with a snow storm outside, luckily the tent in perfectly sound, and apart from a little fine driven snow, all is snug inside. There is enough food for a week and between us we have 7 blankets, and eiderdown and a Jaeger sleeping bag. <…> Ram and I are comfortable with our feet tied in rucksacks and are able to laugh at the weather” (pp. 9-10).
“March 4th. Up at 8.30, rising consisting of putting on boots and balaclava and extricating oneself from the sleeping bag – in itself a laborious process and only to be performed with much gasping. This gasping is an altitude effect which neither of us can get over – headaches are things of the past, our appetites are tremendous, but the least exertion such as tightening a rope, leaving or entering the tent, opening a tin of sausages and even eating makes us gasp for breath” (p. 12).
“March 5th. [Summit Day]. Up 5 a.m. <…> Ram wearing his Ventana boots could only get on two pairs of socks – same as myself, so that to avoid frostbite we both tried to keep out toes moving inside our boots as far as possible. <…> Both of us were fairly near the limits of our endurance but the top was in view and at 4.30 we stepped out on the summit, very glad at being finished with the hard work of climbing. Driving snow clouds prevented the view to the South and what was worse, Ram could not find Ryan’s thermometers – the only object visible being an empty beer bottle. The top is of triangular shape with the Northern apex at the highest point. Photos were taken from the West tower which should identify the summit alright, at any rate, so far as Ryan and other climbers are concerned.
Ram got busy with a self timer – which like the meta cooker failed to work, the resulting messing about with which gave Ram four frostbitten fingers (unnoticed until considerably later). An ice axe with E.M. And A.R. Carved on the shaft was left, also a card with our names on was left in a small Yerma tin with one plasmon biscuit (sustenance for the next party that reaches the top)” (pp. 14-15).
James Ramsey Ullman was a noted American writer and mountaineer, official historian of the American Mount Everest Expedition 1963, the author of “The White Tower” (1945), “Banner in the Sky” (1954), “The Age of Mountaineering” (1954), “Tiger of the Snows” (together with Tenzing Norgay, 1955), “Americans on Everest” (1964), and others. Most of Ullman’s papers are now deposited in the Princeton University Library.
“The Andean career of Edward de la Motte apparently began in 1928 with Aconcagua, highest of all Andean peaks, and ended probably in 1946 with Sajama, highest of Bolivian mountains. With the well-known American novelist James Ramsey Ullman (author of the White Tower), he accomplished on 5 March 1928 the fifth ascent of Aconcagua” (Echevarria, E. Early British Ascents in the Andes, 1831-1946 // The Alpine Journal. 1987. Vol. 92. P. 63).


[ELLIOTT, Henry Wood] (1846-1930)
[Collection Including an Autograph Letter Signed by Elliott and Two Printed Legislative Documents with His Manuscript Notes, All Related to the Early Movement to Stop Seal Hunting on the Pribilof Islands, Alaska.]

The collection includes:
1) Autograph Letter Signed “Henry W. Elliott” to Theodore E. Burton (1851-1929, Republican member of the US House of Representatives at the time). Washington, D.C., 30 January 1904. Octavo (ca. 22,5x13,5). Black ink on lined paper with printed letterhead of the Committee on Rivers and Harbours, House of Representatives. A very good letter. Elliott writes that “this is a perfect vindication of my stand, and urgent demand for the passage of that Seal Bill, which you have heard me talk to you about so much.”
2) Report of Committee on Territories Appointed to Investigate Conditions in Alaska. Subcommittee: Senator Dullingham (Chairman), Senator Burnham, Senator Nelson, Senator Patterson. January 12, 1904. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1904. Octavo. 32 pp. With a large folding map of Alaska. Original publisher’s wrappers. Elliot’s manuscript note on the front wrapper and markings on p. 23. Back wrapper with minor tears and losses, but overall a very good copy.
3) Dillingham. S. 3355. A Bill to amend an Act entitled “An Act to prevent the extermination of fur-bearing animals in Alaska, and for other purposes.” January 12, 1904. Folio. 5 pp. Elliott’s manuscript note on the “title” page. Folded twice, fold marks, minor tear on the upper fold, otherwise a very good copy.
A historically significant collection assembled by American artist, naturalist and early conservationist H.W. Elliott, which gives good insight into the early movement to ban seal hunting on the Pribilof Islands, Alaska. A year later, in 1905 Elliott together with US Secretary of State John Hay authored a document which eventually became the North Pacific Seal Convention (1911). It outlawed free-water seal hunting and became the first international treaty dedicated to the conservation of wildlife.
The collection shows Elliott's initial efforts to start the process and includes the report of the U.S. Senate Committee which visited the Pribilof Islands and recommended “a suspension of all killing by the lessees of the Seal Islands be made at once and indefinitely,” a rare imprint of the Senate Bill amending “An Act to prevent the extermination of fur-bearing animals in Alaska,” and Elliott’s letter to an Ohio representative encouraging him to support the bill.
Nowadays the Pribilof Islands are a part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, and the seal herd is generally subject only to subsistence hunting by the native Aleut population.


LYTTELTON, Alfred (1857-1913)
[Autograph Letter Signed “A. Lyttelton” to “My Dear Sir” Regarding the Alaska Boundary Dispute].

21 January 1904. Small Octavo (ca. 18x11,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on watermarked paper with blind stamped “Colonial Office” letterhead; marked “Confidential” in ink in the upper left corner. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
A confidential private letter by Alfred Lyttleton, British Colonial Secretary in 1903-05, regarding the communications with Canadian officials about the Alaska Boundary Dispute. The letter was most likely addressed to Richard Everard Webster, first Viscount Alverstone (1842-1915), Chief Justice of Great Britain, one of three commissioners on the Alaska boundary dispute – as president of the commission he voted against the Canadian claim.
“I shd be very glad to see your reply to Sir W. Laurier. It is interesting to find that in a memo of [Joseph Hodges] Choate in 1902 Laurier is described as in a most timorous and conciliatory attitude <…> They did not report me at the Canada [?] in full, but I cd not refrain from saying something about you, & the Canadians received it very well, though it was not violently abusive of you.”


CHAPPE D'AUTEROCHE, Jean (1728-1769)
Voyage en Sibérie, fait par ordre du Roi en 1761, contenant Les Moeurs, les Usages des Russes, et l'Etat actuel de cette Puissance: 2 vols. [With] Krasheninnikov, Stepan Petrovich (1711-1755). Histoire et Description du Kamtchatka, contenant Les Moeurs et les Costumes des Habitants du Kamtchatka, la Géographie du Kamtchatka & des Pays circonvoisins: 2 vols. [With] [Catherine II] (1729-1796). Antidote ou Examen du mauvais livre superbement imprimé intitulé: Voyage en Sibérie par M. L'Abbé Chappe d 'Auteroche: 2 vols.
[Voyage to Siberia [With] History and Description of Kamtchatka [With] Review of the Bad Book beautifully printed].

Amsterdam: Marc-Michel Rey, 1769-1772. Best French Editions. Small Octavo, 6 vols. [2], viii, 316; [2], 317-683, [1]; [2], xvi, 439; [2], 492, [1]; [2], 5-272; [2], 5-296 pp. With half-titles to each volume, engraved title vignettes (in volumes 1-4); frontispiece to vol. 1; ten engraved plates (four folding); two engraved folding maps of Kamchatka by P. Mol after Chappe d'Auteroche; seven engraved plates (two folding) by T. Koning, B. De Bakker, and P.J. Schley; six folding tables. Handsome period brown mottled full calf bindings, gilt tooled spines. Marbled endpapers and edges, period French bookseller’s label on the first pastedown of volume 1. Extremities slightly rubbed otherwise a very good set.
This rare complete set includes the second edition of Chappe d'Auteroche’s voyage to Siberia. It contains meteorological observations, descriptions of the climate, animals, birds, and insects, notes on the iron ore, copper and gold mines etc. (Hill 277).
In addition, the second part contains the first unabridged and accurate translation of Krasheninnikov’s work by Chappe d'Auteroche. "The French edition [of Krasheninnikov’s work] published in Amsterdam in two volumes in 1770 is considered more important, since it includes the unabridged translation from the Russian original by Jean Chappe d’Auteroche, first published in his Voyage en Siberie (Paris, 1768)" (Hill 949). Lada-Mocarski considered the Amsterdam edition to be the best of all the French translations (Lada-Mocarski 12, p.61). Chappe d’Auteroche’s Siberie has little bearing on Russian America, except as collateral; but his translation of Krasheninnikov’s Kamchatka contains considerable material on Alaska and the north-west coast of America (Hill 277). The history of Siberia is so intimately interconnected with that of the history of Russian America or Alaska and the early history of the North West Coast of America that these two works are extremely important. Considerable information on the fur trade is included (Kenneth Nebenzahl Auctions).
Finally, the third part contains the anonymous pamphlet "Antidote, or Review of a Bad but Beautifully Printed book ‘Travel to Siberia’" which refutes Chappe d’Auteroche’s statements about Russia as barbaric and backward country. Its authorship is attributed to Catherine the Great herself and Count Andrey Petrovich Shuvalov (Nouvelle Boigraphie Universelle, vol. 9, p. 700).
"The French astronomer travels to Tobolsk, Siberia, by way of St. Petersburg and observes the transit of Venus over the sun. His account provides a mass of detail"(Nerhood 89). "Chappe was chosen to go to Tobolsk in Siberia to observe the transit of Venus expected for 6 June 1761. The trip was arduous and Chappe arrived in Tobolsk with little time to spare, although he was able to observe the lunar eclipse of 18 May, which enabled him to calculate the longitude of Tobolsk. The spring floods of the Tobol and Irtysh rivers had been particularly severe that year, and some of the local peasants blamed the foreigner with his strange equipment who was "messing with the Sun": Chappe had to be protected by a cordon of armed Cossacks to make his observations. Fortunately, the weather conditions were excellent, and Chappe was able to observe the entire transit" (Wikipedia).
Krasheninnikov joined the Russian scientific expedition to East Siberia, lead by Gmelin, and he was the only member of the expedition to penetrate Kamtchatka; he stayed there for four years. The work contains a detailed description of the North-west Coast of America, Alaska, and the Aleutian Islands and thus constitutes one of the first descriptions at all of these parts of the world. Howes K-265; Sabin 38304.


HERNDON, William Lewis (1813-1857)
[Autograph Manuscript Letter Book of U.S. Naval Lieutenant William Lewis Herndon, Containing Copies of Thirty-Two Documents Written on Board USS Iris during the Mexican-American War, and a Copy of a Letter to Lardner Gibbon during the US Expedition to the Valley of the Amazon].

[U.S.S. Iris at various locations (Vera Cruz, Pensacola, Laguna); and Tarma (Peru), 1847-1851]. [44] pp. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). Black ink on lined paper; text clean and legible. Original quarter sheep note book with marbled boards; contemporary bookplate on the front pastedown. Housed in a custom made cloth clamshell box with an olive gilt title label on the spine. Hinges cracked, spine partially perished, corners worn, but overall a very good letter book.
Original letter book of noted American naval officer, Amazon explorer and naval hero William Lewis Herndon; it contains the original draft of Herndon’s instructions to the expedition member Lt. Lardner Gibbon regarding his further exploration of the Amazon following their separation at Tarma, Peru on July 1, 1851. The text of the manuscript differs slightly from the one published in volume I of Herndon and Gibbon's “Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon” (Washington, 1854, pp. 33-34), and has some manuscript corrections, which makes it an important historical source.
Herndon assigned Gibbon a different route of discovery so that "while I gave my own personal attention to the countries drained by the upper Marañon, Mr. Gibbon might explore some, and gather all the information he could respecting others, of the Bolivian tributaries of the Amazon." This letter provides Gibbon with guidance as to the route he is to follow and the importance of minimizing risk to himself to ensure that the results of their exploration might be preserved. “Lt. Herndon pushed into the upper Amazon. Lt. Gibbon traveled south through Bolivia and then into the selvas of Brazil. The two groups met in Serpa, Brazil, and then continued down the Amazon River to Para” (Hill 803).
The letter book also contains thirty two letters and documents written on board USS Iris which was under Herndon’s command during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The correspondence is primarily on various day to day issues including the engineering problems and administrative issues. However, also included is a five-page letter dated aboard the Iris at Laguna in March of 1848 to an unidentified recipient, but probably Matthew C. Perry, Commanding the Home Squadron off Mexico during the Mexican-American War. The letter reports the results of Herndon's meetings at Sisal with Military Commandant Don Alonzo Azuar regarding Indian involvement in the conflict, and with the senior Spanish Naval Officer present, Don Francisco Garcia di Salas, commander of the brig Nervian, regarding the landing of guns and munitions.
In 1857, as a captain of the ill-fated U.S. Mail Steamer Central America, Herndon showed the utmost heroism while saving lives of the passengers during the hurricane of Cape Hatteras, having evacuated all women and children. 426 passengers and crew, including Herndon perished with the ship, thus making the wreckage the largest loss of life in a commercial ship disaster in United States history. Herndon's heroism prompted the construction of the Herndon Monument at the U. S. Naval Academy in 1860.
Overall this Letter book represents an important primary source on the history of the US expedition to the Amazon (1851-1852) and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).


SCHMIDT, J.M.F., Professor
[Map of North and South America, Titled:] America. Gezeichnet vom Professor J.M.F. Schmidt.

Berlin: Simon Schropp & Comp, 1820. Outline hand coloured copper engraved folding map, dissected and cloth backed, ca. 60x46 cm (23 ½ x 18 in). Engraved by Franz. Housed in the original card chemise and a marbled paper slipcase with a period manuscript title on a paper label; both the slipcase and chemise with period library stamps. Overall a bright very good map.
This map of the western hemisphere outlines possessions of the European powers in North and South America (English, French, Spanish, Dutch, Danish, Swedish and Russian), separately marking the United States of America, Brazil and Haiti. Simon Schropp received a privilege for map publishing and trade in 1742 from the Prussian king Frederick II, and by the end of the 18th century became one of the major European map sellers. His company successfully worked through the centuries and is now one of the best Berlin map shops “Schropp Land & Karte GmbH”.


HOOKER, Sir Joseph Dalton (1817-1911)
[Three Content Rich Period Copies of Autograph Letters Signed to Dr. James Croll (physical geologist, 1821-90), Kew Gardens, 28 March, 1 & 6 April 1884, discussing issues of Arctic interest including the 'hopelessly unintelligible' question of whether specimens of wood found in the Arctic are evidence of interglacial warming periods, expressing particular scepticism as to Sir Edward Belcher's claims to have found a tree stump embedded in frozen clay, 'Belcher you know was a notoriously untruthful man ... The best (and most deservedly) hated man of his day in the Navy.']

London, 1884. the first two letters four pages and the third six pages on octavo bifolia ca. (18x11,5 cm), all with Montreal Cottage, Perth blind stamps. Letters with fold marks but overall in very good condition.
Hooker had gained early experience in the Polar regions as a young botanist with Sir James Clark Ross's Antarctic expedition on Erebus, 1839-43, whose scientific results he published in six volumes. He succeeded his father as Director of Kew Gardens in 1865. He was also a close friend of Charles Darwin and "among the founders of the X Club, a private dining society that supported Darwinism"(Oxford DNB).
"The 1860s and 1870s saw renewed interest in astronomical and physical causes of glaciations. Geologists had long laboured to explain the existence of extremely cold glacial conditions in now-temperate latitudes, and the remains of subtropical flora in polar regions.., Croll advanced .., the theory that global weather patterns would be indirectly affected by the periodic changes in the eccentricity of the earth's orbit about the sun, for a winter occurring when the earth was in the aphelion of its most eccentric orbit would be bitterly cold, and this would set in motion a chain of large-scale climatic changes resulting in large tracts of glacial land ice—an ice age" (Oxford DNB). Full transcripts of the letters are available upon request.


[Autograph Letter Signed “Geo. Swain,” the Master of the New Bedford Whaling Barque “Wavelet” to Lawrence Grinnell, the Owner of the Barque, with the Account of Wavelet’s Whaling Season in the South Pacific].

Honolulu, 15 November, 1858. Quarto (ca. 25x19,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on blue paper with the blind stamped papermaker’s monogram in the upper left corner. Docketed on the last blank page. Fold marks, otherwise a very good legible letter.
An interesting letter by George Swain, the master of the New Bedford whaling barque “Wavelet”, addressed to the barque’s owner Lawrence Grinnell, a member of a prominent New Bedford family involved in the whaling business. Swain confirms Grinnell’s request to "go another season” and reports to “have taken about 700 Barls. Of Wail & no Sperm." Swain is transporting the obtained oil and bone via the "West Wind" and Captain Baxter "at 7 cts per gal & 1 1/2 cts pr lb that is the best I can do." He has discharged all the crew except for two mates, and discusses payment for the crew and for repairs to his ship, giving a very detailed accounting of expenses for the voyage. In the letter Swain mentions such ports of call as Honolulu and Hilo in Hawaii, as well as the King George Sound – a popular whaling ground in Western Australia at the time.
The "Wavelet’s" whaling voyages in the Pacific lasted from 1855 to 1860. The barque was registered on arrival at the port of Albany (King George Sound, Western Australia) on 17 October 1856 (The Empire, Sydney, Wednesday, 24 December 1856, p. 4); and while leaving the New Zealand port of Mongonui on 23 February 1857, “cleared for the whaling grounds” (The Sydney Morning Herald, Tuesday, 7 April 1857, p. 4). The barque was also noted to briefly touch at the Pohnpei Islands (the Carolines) in 1858 and 1859, apparently on the way from the whaling grounds to Hawaii.
Overall an important detailed letter of American whaling off the coast of Western Australia.


The Cariboo Sentinel: Vol. 1. No. 12.

Barkerville, Williams Creek, British Columbia: Saturday, August 19, 1865. On a double Elephant Folio leaf (ca. 40,5x29,5 cm or 16 x 11 ½ in). Four pages. With Two page Supplement laid in. Period pencil note "30 cops. Exp. Acc. F.J. Barnard" in the right upper corner; blue stamp "M.W. WAITT & Co. Govt. St. VICTORIA" in the left upper corner. Light staining along fold lines, chipping on the upper edge, but overall a very good copy.
Very rare as only four runs of the newspaper located in Worldcat.
One of the first issues of this almost legendary goldfields newspaper inscribed by a prominent BC businessman and politician, the founder of famous Barnard’s Express: Francis Jones Barnard (1829-1889).
The inscription ordered to send 30 copies of the newspaper to the office of a Victoria bookseller, publisher and news agent M.W. Waitt & Co. (probably, on Barnard’s personal account). The reason for this was most likely the article letter from Victoria written anonymously by a member of the Legislature, which presented a lengthy defense of Union of the Colonies of BC and Vancouver Island, based partly on the value of the Cariboo miners to the Island economy and, reciprocally, the value of free trade to the miners (the union was concluded in 1866).
"The Cariboo Sentinel was published in Barkerville, in the Cariboo region of central British Columbia, and ran from June 1865 to October 1875. At the time, Barkerville was home to a fast-growing community of miners who had been attracted to the Cariboo region by the discovery of gold. The Sentinel was published by George Wallace, and its stated objective was not only to disseminate "mining intelligence," but also to eradicate "official abuse[s]" of power, both within the Cariboo region and beyond (vol. 1, no. 1, p. 2)" (UBC Library Catalogue).
"Francis Jones Barnard, often known as Frank Barnard Sr., was a prominent British Columbia businessman and Member of Parliament in Canada from 1879 to 1887. Most famously, Barnard was the founder of the B.X. Express freighting company ("Barnard's Express"), which was the main cartage and passenger services company on the Cariboo Road. His son, Sir Francis Stillman Barnard, often known as Frank Barnard Jr., later became the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.
It was his next enterprise, begun in the fall of 1860, that would grow to become the B.X. Express one of the most important companies in the early history of the Colony, and which would remain in business for decades. He began by carrying mail and newspapers, on foot, all the way from Yale to the goldfield towns of the Cariboo, a 760-mile roundtrip journey, charging $2 per letter and selling newspapers in the goldfields for $1 a copy. In 1861 and 1862 he also carried packages between Yale and New Westminster, a distance of 200 miles, and in 1862 established a one-horse pony express, with himself as sole rider, serving the Cariboo from Yale, where he met with services from New Westminster and Yale provided by Dietz & Nelson (one of the partners in which was the later Lieutenant-Governor Hugh Nelson) and couriered reliably from there to Barkerville. On his return journeys, he became entrusted with shipments of gold dust, and managed to reliably and safely convey earnings from the goldfields to Yale despite the ever-present risk of robbery, in addition to the difficulties posed by distance, climate, and the difficult canyon and plateau trails.
With the completion of the first section of the Old Cariboo Road to Soda Creek in 1862 , Barnard used his own acquired capital and found a backer to launch Barnard's Express and Stage Line with fourteen six-horse coaches and a famous team of "crack whips" to drive them, including legendary drivers Steve Tingley and Billy Ballou. The onset of the busiest phase of movement of miners and goods to and from the Cariboo Gold Rush began that year, and Barnard's new company prospered from a buys trade in services for passengers, freight, letters, newspapers and gold dust, and in 1864 was able to expand his business further with the purchase of more rolling stock and also in winning the government contract to carry the mail. Barnard was also able to encourage the government to end the gold escort with the result that his company's coaches, equipped with armed guardsmen, would be fully in charge of the movement of gold from the Cariboo to the Coast. In 1866 Barnard bought out Dietz and Nelson and so came into control of the bulk of business connecting Victoria to Barkerville, as he was now in control of shipments between Victoria and Yale as well as from Yale northwards" (Wikipedia).


HILLS, George (1816-1895)
[Autograph Letter Signed “G. Columbia” to one Miss Mackenzie with Interesting Details of the Construction of St. Savior’s Church in Barkerville].

70 Upper Berkeley St., London, 23 November 1869. Small Octavo (ca. 17,5x11,5 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Housed in the 19th century paper wrappers with handwritten biographical note on Hill on the first page. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
Historically interesting letter from George Hills, the first Anglican bishop of British Columbia (in 1860-92). The letter contains an extensive quote from the letter by Rev. James Reynard, who built the famous St. Saviour church in Barkerville. Written in the midst of the construction, the letter gives a vivid picture of the process: “I have just had an interesting letter from Cariboo in which Mr. Reynard details his recent trials, his difficulty in getting his church built which some have opposed – he had however been at last rewarded by being able to make a start. He says “as a result of all these efforts we do start tomorrow. I am paying two clever builders ten dollars (2 £) a day each to superintend, make foundations & doors, windows, and on Tuesday next I call “a Bee”. The freshet has put many men out of work & I have had many offers of free labour. I am under obligation to pay 500 dollars (100 £) as soon as possible for the lumber & the balance 1545 dollars (310 £) by installments. All the church proceeds will be devoted to reduce this and therefore I shall still be almost beggared for another year. I hope soon to send you a sketch of the Church among the Golden Hills.” This letter is dated Oct. 10…”
Hill also express his gratitude “for the kind mention of the Columbia Mission in your interesting work & for the response which you name. It will do if you send the amount you have received to us at the end of the year”. Overall a very interesting letter.


[Official Diploma Acknowledging Professor Jean Du Fief an Honorary Corresponding Member of the Royal Geographical Society; Signed by the Society President the Marquess of Lorne, and Secretaries Clements R. Markham and Douglas W. Freshfied].

[London], 12 April 1886. 1 p. Elephant Folio (ca. 55,5x40 cm). On the official engraved form of the Society, with the obverse and the reverse sides of the Founder’s Medal reproduced above the text. Finished in brown ink, signed on foot. Slightly soiled, Lorne’s signature smudged, minor creases, otherwise a very good document.
This diploma, signed by the President of the Royal Geographical Society John Campbell (“Lorne”), and the secretaries Clements Markham and Douglas Freshfield, recognises the services of Belgian Professor Jean du Fief (1829-1908) to geography. Du Fief was one of the founders and the general secretary of the Belgian Royal Geographical Society (Société belge de géographie, Bruxelles). While on service he was closely involved with the Belgian exploration of Congo and promoted Henry Morton Stanley’s expeditions to the region. Du Fief compiled “Carte de l'État indépendant du Congo et de l'Afrique centrale” (Brussels, 1892). He also contributed significantly to the organization of the Belgian Antarctic expedition (1897-99) lead by Adrien de Gerlache, and the Sierra DuFief, or Fief Mountains, in the south part of Wiencke Island off the Antarctic peninsula, was named after him.
The diploma states that it had been given to du Fief “in order to mark the high estimation which they [the Society] entertain” of his services “in promoting the science of Geography”.


PALLAS, Peter Simon (1741-1811)
Neue Nordische Beyträge zur Physikalischen und Geographischen Erd- und Völkerbeschreibung, Naturgeschichte und Oekonomie. Erster Band [New Nordic Contributions.., Volume One].

St. Petersburg & Leipzig: Johann Zacharias Logan, 1781. First Editions. Octavo. [viii], 342 pp. With three folding copper engraved plates and one folding engraved map. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Recased, extremities rubbed, and text with some mild foxing and some leaves with very mild water staining, otherwise a very good copy.
This is the first volume of a very rare and important series published in a total of seven volumes between 1781 and 1796. This series presents accounts of the Russian exploration of Siberia, Central Asia, and Alaska during this time. Some of these important accounts appear nowhere else. Each volume is in itself complete. Amongst the important accounts included in this first volume are: News from Tibet, a Description of the Altai Mountains, Journals of Andrejef, Leontief, & Lyssof on the basin of the Kowymische River and the Bear Islands, Description of the Anadyr River, News of the Tschuktsch Penisula and neighboring Islands, Account of Captain Krenitzyn and Lieutenant Lewachef voyage from Kamchatka to the Alaskan mainland via the Aleutian Islands, Account of the Ocean between Siberia and America. Included is Pallas' Map of the Discoveries Between Siberia and America up till the Year 1780. "It is a rich mine of information on the early history of the discovery and settlement of Alaska" (Lada-Mocarski 31); Arctic Bibliography 13057.


13. [BIRCH, Sir Arthur Nonos] (1837-1914)
Speech of His Honor the Officer Administering the Government at the Opening of the Legislative Council, on Thursday the 18th January, 1866.

[New Westminster, 1866]. Folio (ca. 33x20,5 cm), 3 pp. Near fine copy.
This rare very early New Westminster imprint is a speech by Arthur Birch, Colonial Secretary of the Colony of British Columbia (1864-1866) read by him in front of the Third Legislative Council of the colony during Governor Seymour’s absence in England.
The speech summarizes the state of the Colony, noting that “the Revenue falls short of the Estimate by a considerable amount”, which was caused by a fall of immigration; and reporting of considerable growth of expenditure caused by an extensive road construction: a number of waggon roads in the Cariboo district were completed, as well as a road between New Westminster and Yale, and others; construction of a road network to the Columbia district has been started. “With great reluctance” Birch proposed to abolish the duty of the export of gold and to introduce additional taxation, namely compulsory mining licences. “It is therefore only by this measure that our large Chinese population can be made to contribute to the Revenue in equal proportion to the white race. Few Chinamen now take out a Mining Licence, whereas on the other hand few white miners are to be found without one”. The other subjects touched include the colony’s postal service, “fostering the immigration of a class of Settlers likely to make this country their home”, petitions to alter the Mining Laws and the Pilotage of Vessels et al.
The Third Legislative Council turned out to be the last one in the history of the colony of British Columbia: as it was unified with the Colony of Vancouver Island (2 August, 1866).
The text of the speech was reproduced in: Journals of the Colonial Legislatures of the Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, 1851-1871/ Ed. By James E. Hendrickson. Vol. 4. Journals of the Executive Council, 1864-1871, and of the Legislative Council, 1864-1866, of British Columbia. P. 330-332.


[Original Watercolour of the Brazilian Island Trindade Dated and Titled:] Ille de la Trinite, Vue le 1er Janvier 1821…

At sea, January 1, 1821. Watercolour ca. 19x28 cm (8 x 11 ½ in.) Grey wash on paper, mounted on an album leaf with double borders ruled in ink, manuscript caption title. Overall a very good watercolour.
This attractively executed watercolour by an anonymous French voyager shows the Island of Trindade with a ship's launch at sea in the foreground."Trindade and Martim Vaz .., is an archipelago located about 1,200 kilometers (740 mi) east of Vitória in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, belonging to the State of Espírito Santo, Southeast Brazil...,The archipelago consists of five islands and several rocks and stacks; Trindade is the largest island..,
The islands are of volcanic origin and have rugged terrain. They are largely barren, except for the southern part of Trindade. They were discovered in 1502 by Portuguese explorer Estêvão da Gama and stayed Portuguese until they became part of Brazil at its independence. From 1890 to 1896, Trindade was occupied by the United Kingdom until an agreement with Brazil was reached. During the period of British occupation, Trindade was known as "South Trinidad"" (Wikipedia).


15. [BRAZIL]
RAMUSIO, Giovanni Battista (1485-1557)
[Map of Brazil Titled:] Brasil.

Venice, 1556? Wood block map ca. 27,5x38 cm (10 ½ x 14 ½ in). Original centrefold, blank on verso, with some minor expert repair along the centrefold, but otherwise a very good map.
"A fantastic pictorial map of Brazil, shown north to the right and filled with attractive scenes of native life and fauna. It was prepared by the great Venetian cartographer Giacomo Gastaldi and published in Ramusio’s "Delle Navigationi et Viaggi," an "important 16th century description of voyages of discovery" (Swaen Map Auction). Delle Navigationi et Viaggi "is one of the earliest and most important collections of voyages and travels, and may be said to have opened a new era in the literary history of voyages and navigation, later serving as a model to Hakluyt. It was compiled during the latter part of Ramusio's life and is carefully and intelligently done, as he devoted his mature years to historical and geographical study. It contains translations of works that had appeared previously in French, Latin, and Spanish, as well as some from manuscripts that had never before been published. Among these voyages are some of which no other editions have ever been found, so that Ramusio remains an authority of the first importance" (Hill 1418).


16. [BRAZIL]
WATERTON, Sir Charles (1782-1865)
[Manuscript Copy of an English Translation of Waterton’s Letter to the Commander of Fort St. Joachim, Portuguese Guiana, During his 1812 Expedition].

First half of the 19th century. Octavo (ca. 21x16,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on bluish paper; inscription on the 4th page “Translation of Chl. Waterton’s letter to __”. Fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
A good 19th century English translation of Charles Waterton’s letter to the commander of Fort St. Joachim, Branco River, Portuguese Guiana (modern Brazil). The original letter was written in Spanish during Waterton’s first exploratory journey into Guyana’s remote inland in 1812, with one of the purposes being to study the nature of the wourali poison, better known as curare. The description of the meeting with the Portuguese commander, as well as the Spanish text of the letter were published in the first edition of Waterton’s travel account "Wanderings in South America, the South-West of the United States and the Antilles, in the Years 1812, 1816, 1820 and 1824" (London, 1825).
Waterton wished to see "the stronghold of the Portuguese for which I beg the favour of Your Excellency and permission", reassuring that his "motives are the most honorable <…> I came latterly from Demarara which place I left on the 5th of April to see this beautiful Country and collect a few Curiosities, particularly the poison called Wourali". He proceeded with the latest news of the war with Napoleon: "Valencia had fallen into the hands of the common Enemy and General Blake with his brave troops had been made prisoners of war <…> Lord Wellington had taken possession of the City of Rodrigo". An interesting note in the end tells: "I beg you to excuse this Letter not being written in Ink – and Indian having dropped the inkstand, it broke into pieces". The letter is signed as "Carlos Waterton."
Charles Waterton was a British naturalist and explorer; he travelled four times in the interior of Guiana in 1812-1824 and was the first to bring the curare poison to Europe. "In 1825, Charles Waterton described a classical experiment in which he kept a curarized female donkey alive by artificial respiration with a bellows through a tracheostomy (Wikipedia). Waterton is also considered as one of the first environmentalists. He has been described by David Attenborough as "one of the first people anywhere to recognize not only that the natural world was of great importance but that it needed protection as humanity made more and more demands on it" (Wikipedia).


[Album with 25 Original Photographs of British Columbia, Compiled by the British Columbia Conclave of the Masonic Order of the Red Cross of Constantine, Titled:] Memories of British Columbia.

Ca. 1927. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x37 cm), 12 card leaves. 25 gelatin silver prints, all but two ca. 18x23 cm (7 ¼ x 9 in), two ca. 17,5x10,5 cm (7 x 4 ¼ in). All with custom printed captions on the mounts. First large photo with a paper label attached to the top (official letterhead of the Government House in Victoria, signed and dated by R. Randolph Bruce). Original maroon full sheep album with gilt lettered title on the front cover, moire endpapers and decorative edges. Gilt lettered red sheep label with presentation inscription on the first pastedown, paper exlibris of Rita Yvonne Butterfield ibidem. Boards slightly rubbed on extremities, but overall a near fine album.
This luxury keepsake album was specially produced as a present to “The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Cassillis, C.C.C. M… Ill… Grand Sovereign, Illustrious Order of the Red Cross of Constantine by Western Canada Conclave, No. XXV. Victoria, British Columbia, October 6th, 1927.” The Earl of Cassillis, who was the Grand First Principal of the order’s Supreme Chapter in Scotland, apparently visited Victoria to take part in the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the formation of the first Masonic chapter in British Columbia, which took place in October 1927. The album opens with portraits of Harry H. Watson, Reigning Sovereign of the Western Canada Conclave, and Edward E. Leason, Intendant General for British Columbia and Canadian Yukon. The photo of the Government House in Victoria has a paper label attached to the top, with the official letterhead of the Government House, signed and dated 8 October 1927 by Robert Randolph Bruce (1861-1942), Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia in 1926-31.
The photos show the Parliament Buildings in Victoria, Saanich Peninsula, Elk Falls on the Campbell River, Mount Baker from the Malahat Drive, Mount Arrowsmith, “Mr. R.P. Butchart’s Sunken Gardens,” Colwood Golf Links near Victoria, Esquimalt dry-docks, a car with B.C. Licence plate in the “Virgin Forest,” local farmlands with herds of ships and cows, strawberry field during the harvest time, a tulip bulb farm et al. BC industry is represented with a close portrait of loggers at work, photos of a logging railway, pulp and paper mill, salmon catch, and a view of “Large timbers for export” loaded on a railway car, the timbers are with chalk inscriptions “Let BC flourish by her timber” and “BC forever.” The album closes with a photo of a catch of trout captioned “Speckled Beauties abound in B.C. Waters.”


[Collection of 204 Glass Lantern Slides Showing Cities, Natural Wonders and People of British Columbia, including Over 70 Coloured Slides].

Ca. 1900-1910s. 204 glass stereo positive slides, including 105 ca. 8,5x10 cm (3 ¼ x 4 in), the rest ca. 8 cm square (3 1/8 in); ca. 77 slides are coloured. Some with period manuscript captions on the paper labels. The slides are housed in four period wooden boxes including one titled "Canadian Pacific Railway Co." Several slides with minor chips on corners, but overall a very good collection.
Extensive collection of early 20th century glass slides showing photo views of cities, landscapes and people of British Columbia. Vancouver is shown on 31 slides (14 large, 18 coloured), showing the city port with boats and steamers, CPR station and rails (the buildings of the second and the third stations are shown), panoramas of downtown Vancouver and street views (Hastings St., Granville St., False Creek et al.), public beach at English Bay, views of the Hotel Vancouver, UBC campus at Point Grey, Stanley Park (showing the Tea House and the Harding Memorial), “Green Timber, Pacific Highway,” giant trees on Vancouver streets and others.
Victoria is shown on 16 slides (6 large, 6 coloured), with the views of Victoria and Esquimalt harbours, the Inner Harbour with the Legislature Buildings, the Empress Hotel and the Government Street, Butchart Gardens, Crystal Garden, canoe race during Victoria regatta et al.
The Rocky Mountains are shown on 51 slides (30 large, 14 coloured), with several views of the Selkirks (the Hermit Range, Mount Cheops, Mount Sir Donald, Illecillewaet valley and glacier, Glacier railway station), Yoho National Park (Emerald Lake, Kicking Horse River west of Field, Mt. Stephen and Mt. Dennis, Takakkau Falls and Yoho Valley), the Kootenays (Bisco, Arrow Lakes, Helmet Creek et al.), Golden, the Great Divide site, CPR train going through the Rockies, hikers going up the mountains, Alpine Club Camp near Mount Robson and others.
The Thompson-Okanagan Region is shown on 32 slides (11 large, 11 coloured), including views of Kamloops, Summerland, Thompson River trail, cliffs near Cherry Creek, Blue Lake and Marble Canyon, Devick Lake, Celista Falls near Shuswap Lake, Paul Lake, as well as orchards, lake steamers, lodges, and towns. A coloured slide shows a portrait of a young girl named Dorothy Lawrence, from Heffly Creek.
Fraser Canyon is shown on 27 slides (17 large, 10 coloured), showing Alexandra suspension bridge, Cisco Bridge, Hell Gate, CPR snow shed, White Creek Bridge and the Three Tunnels, Cariboo Joe Tunnel, river bends, Thompson River Canyon, Yale, a caravan on the wagon road, Indian congregation near Botanie, Seton Canyon and Lake, environs of Lillooet, Cayoosh Creek and others.
There are also seven coloured slides of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, showing Mount Robson and Berg Lake, Emperor Falls and Grand Forks River, Skeena River near Doreen, Hazelton and Prince Rupert. Northern British Columbia is shown on 6 slides (5 large, 4 coloured), with the views of Prince Rupert, newspaper office in Quesnel, a ranch in Klondyke, north Fraser River in Chilkotin, and “Iceberg just broken from glacier near Prince Rupert.” Vancouver Island & the Coast is displayed on 7 sides (4 large, 4 coloured), showing totem poles in Alert Bay, Haida village on the Queen Charlotte Islands, Observatory Inlet of the Howe Sound, Malahat Mountain Drive and others.
Traditional and industrial fishing is shown on 8 slides (5 large, 1 coloured), including views of salmon fishing fleet and canneries on the Lower Fraser River, salmon hatchery near New Westminster, humbpack whale caught near Vancouver Island, salmon cannery at the Skeena River; and a portrait of “Beaver Bill,” an Old-time Fisherman with a 75 lb Spring Salmon, taken on the Skeena River. There are also 6 slides dedicated to BC fauna & hunting (2 large), showing a bear, a mountain goat, roaming buffalos, moose, hunted foxes and various pelts. 10 slides present BC plants, forest & logging (4 large, 6 coloured), showing Douglas firs, forest fires, a log dam, a saw mill, log transportation on a railway et al.
Among the slides’ manufacturers are: Keystone View & Co., Underwood & Underwood, the Topley Studio (Ottawa), E. Fleming (Victoria), W.M.S.S.D. (3 Ludgate Circus Bldgs, E.C.), Edward van Altena, H.C. White and others.
Overall a very interesting representative glass slides collection showing British Columbia.


[Album with 86 Original Photographs of the Southern BC Interior, Including Views of Cranbrook, Moyie, Creston, Trail, Greenwood, Vernon, Chase, Ashcroft, stages loaded for the Cariboo region at Ashcroft, boat landing at Chilliwack and others].

Ca. 1900s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 16,5x20,5 cm). 24 black stock leaves (7 blank). With 86 mounted gelatin silver prints, the majority ca. 6,5x11 cm (2 ½ x 4 ¼ in). Vast majority with period ink captions in the corners of the images, one photo titled and signed in negative “Near Hosmer. Rourke photo”. Original soft brown sheep album fastened with a string and with a decoration of cloth maple leaves on the front cover. Album worn, several images faded, two with losses of corners and margins, eight images apparently have been removed from the album, several images with silvering on the margins; mounts with creases. Overall still a good album.
Private photo album with some interesting views and scenes taken during a travel in the southern interior of British Columbia, including street views of Cranbrook, a series of photos from a riding trip “in the mountains” from Cranbrook, views of Lake Moyie and Moyie town, Kootenay River at Bonners Ferry (Idaho), views of a street and the railway station in Bonners Ferry; Creston, Kootenay Lake and steamer Moyie; general and street views of Trail, Greenwood, Vernon, Chase, Ashcroft, “Indian Officer talking to Indians, Ashcroft,” stages loaded for the Cariboo region at Ashcroft, boat landing at Chilliwack and others. Numerous views taken while on the way from one town to another show railway tracks, tunnels, roads, landscapes etc. Faded images depict Nanaimo harbour, the Strait of Georgia, Ladysmith harbour, Courtenay, Chinatown in Cumberland and others. The album ends with a photo of a totem pole in Seattle and a view “Near Hosmer” (East Kootenays) by Rourke.


[Album with 117 Original Photographs of British Columbia, Including Views of Loughborough Inlet, Vernon, Vancouver, New Westminster etc.].

Ca. 1909-1912. Folio (ca. 42x26 cm), 10 thick paper leaves. 117 gelatin silver prints, the majority ca. 9,5x12 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ¾ in) or ca. 8x8 cm (3 ¼ x 3 ¼ in). All with ink manuscript captions on the mounts or the lower margins. With a cabinet portrait photo by a Swansea studio (Wales) of an anonymous young man mounted on verso of the last leaf. Recent quarter black morocco album with grey cloth boards. A number of photos with different grades of fading, mounts soiled and with chipping on extremities, but the images are generally in very good condition. Overall a good album.
Nice private album by early BC residents. Interesting images include a series of views taken in the Loughborough Inlet where the family cottage was built, and showing the Inlet with the steamer “Cowichan,” Loughborough falls, the cottage, and the “Beaver Cannery” (apparently located nearby). There are also views of the CPR stations in North Bend, and Sicamous, and several photos taken in Vernon: views of the Vernon reservoir, streets, the Long Lake, two photos of “Racing at Vernon show,” and three portraits of the Oregon native Indians taken in September 1909: “Chief of the Oregon Indians”, “Dressed for the war dance at Vernon” (signed Boies’ 09 in negative), and “Doing the War Dance at Vernon, B.C.”
The album also contains views of the Gorge in Victoria, several interesting photos of Vancouver, including views taken in Stanley Park (Second Beach, Deadman Island, “Coming through Narrows at Brockton Point”), “Trout Lake, Cedar Cottage from Victoria Road, 1909,” a photo of a family in the car on the “8th Avenue, Mount Pleasant, Vancouver, 1911,” and several photos of New Westminster, showing a private house on the “4th Avenue, New Westminster, Summer 1911,” “Street Grading on Fourth Avenue opposite Pine St., New Westminster, 1911,” grounds and the Provincial Exhibition buildings in the Queen’s Park. Three photos are dedicated the visit to Vancouver of Duke of Connaught, Canada’s Governor-General in 1912: one shows the Duke during a public event in New Westminster, and the other two – “Lumbermen’s Arch in Honor of Duke, Vancouver,” and “Chinese Arch, Vancouver.” There are also several views of the Plumper Pass taken from the steamer “Princess Charlotte” in August 1909, portraits taken in Harrison Hot Springs (1911), series of photos of “haying on Sea Island” (Richmond), views of Port Alberni (Somes River, Arlington Hotel, Whytes Hall), of a farm house in Surrey, portraits of the family members posing in Vancouver and during road trips in different types of cars et al. Overall an interesting album.


[Collection of Thirty-Six Stereo view Photographs of British Columbia].

USA, ca. 1910-1920s. Thirty-six stereo view cards, each with a pair of mounted gelatin silver prints, ca. 8x7,5 cm (3 1/8 x 3 in). The mounts with printed company’s name, numbers, and captions on recto and extensive explanatory texts on verso. One image with a minor water damage on verso of the mount, several slightly faded or with mild silvering, but overall a very good set of stereo views.
The collection includes sixteen stereoviews of the Canadian Rockies showing Field and Mount Stephen (in summer and winter), Roger’s Pass and Hermit Range, Illecillewaet Glacier and Valley with stunning views of Mt. Sir Donald, Mt Cheops, Mr. Grizzly and the Selkirk Range taken from the Glacier; Wapta Glacier; Moraine Lake and Valley of the Ten Peaks, Lake Louise, and Victoria Glacier.
Nine views of the Fraser River depict the river from its junction with the Thompson Rivers at Lytton to the place of its release from the Fraser Canyon near Yale, showing the Cisco (Siska) Bridge, White Creek Bridge and the Three tunnels, Fraser River and Canyon from Tunnel 17, the Hell Gate, a fisherman catching salmon in the Fraser River rapids, and “Indians Crossing the Turbulent River in a Cable Tramway near Yale.” There are also three stereoviews of Vancouver, showing the second building of the CPR station and the Burrard Inlet; trains and steamships meeting at the CPR station; and a photo of Warren Harding, the 29th US President with his wife and Canadian officials walking in Stanley Park during his visit to Vancouver in 1923. The other stereoviews show the Inner Harbour and Parliament buildings in Victoria (2), native totems at Alert Bay (2), Peace Portal on Boundary line between Canada and the US, “Indian Woman working on Moos Hide near Atlin”; a herd of buffaloes on a winter plain (titled “Roaming Monarch of the Plain”), and a logging scene. Overall a very good collection.
“The Keystone View Company was a major distributor of stereographic images, and was located in Meadville, Pennsylvania. From 1892 through 1963 Keystone produced and distributed both educational and comic/sentimental stereoviews, and stereoscopes. By 1905 it was the world's largest stereographic company” (Wikipedia).


[Autograph Letter Signed by a Buenos Aires Merchant Gaspar Ressa to the Members of the City’s Prior y Counsel, Written at the Time of the French Blockade of Buenos Aires During the Spanish American War of Confederation].

Buenos Aires, 1 December 1838. Folio (ca 31x21,5 cm). [1] p. Brown ink on watermarked paper, legible text in Spanish, signed and docketed on verso. Light wear and chipping at edges. Very minor foxing. Very good.
An interesting document from the tense period of the French blockade of Rio de la Plata (28 March 1838 - 1840) during the War of the Confederation between Argentina and Chile on one side and the Peru-Bolivian Confederation on the other side. Buenos Aires merchant Gaspar Ressa filed a complaint to the members of the city Council about Don Jose Costa, the captain of the ship “Flor de Rio” which belonged to Ressa. “I requested before the town's office of registered licences that Don Jose Costa, the then captain of a ship of mine, Flor del Río, reports on matters done in his capacity [as a captain], pertaining to his management and regarding the aforesaid ship; as a result the aforesaid captain Costa, instead of fulfilling what was his duty, ran away and went to Montevideo in secret without any authorisation from the aforementioned headquarters and police: as his way of behaving was prejudicial to my interests, I hereby complain before the same court about all damage which may arise <…> The chief of navy and the captain of the port of Montevideo were in charge so that they ordered Captain Costa to appear within a couple of weeks before this jurisdiction's court <…>; there was no reply to date as it shows on those decrees…”
As follows from the verso of the letter, Ressa’s appeal was processed by the Buenos Aires Council the same day, and on the 3rd of December “the testimony was received and given to the interested party, Ressa.” The document bears the seal of Argentina and is signed by Gaspar Ressa and a member of the council Antonio Francio Gomez.
In 1838 France had sent ships to blockade Buenos Aires, in support of their allies in the Peru-Bolivian Confederation. This eventually helped spark the Uruguayan civil war, which lasted from 1839 to 1851.


HODGSON, James (from Hodgson, Robinson & Co.)
[An Extensive Autograph Letter Signed, from James Hodgson‚ Merchant at Buenos Aires‚ to Messrs. Fielden Brothers, Owners of the Cotton-Spinning Firm in Manchester, Regarding the Insurance of the Latest Shipment‚ with Comments on the Textiles Suitable for Export to South America].

Buenos Aires, 22 February 1821. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 3 pp. Addressed, sealed and docketed on the fourth blank page, with two postal stamps, including a stamp of “Portsmouth Ship Letter” ibidem. Fold marks, minor hole on the third page after opening, slightly affecting the text, but overall a very good legible letter.
An interesting and extensive business letter from James Hodgson, the owner of one of the main British trade houses in South America in the first half of the 19th century. Addressing his partners in Manchester, Fielden Brothers’ textile firm, Hodgson describes at length the latest sales of their goods, and settlement with the insurance company (“Lloyd’s Company of Underwriter”) in a case pertaining to damaged cargo. He also expresses slight critique of the Fielden Brother’s production and suggests some improvements: “By the way I should observe that the width of your Prints is somewhat complained of, & I am sorry to say, I fear with some justice, they being only 23 ½ inches. In your next shipment you may put in a Couple of Cases of handsome furniture patterns. I wish also to give you a few very useful instructions, for your future guidance. Your Magda pollams [?], Irish Shirtings & Platillas may be of double pieces or length, say 48, 48x56 yds. Each <…> Where the packets of patterns are very large, they should be divided into several parcels to avoid any tedious notice of the Customs House <…> In case you should ever have to recommend my Establishment to any new Correspondent, I beg you will not mention my terms of Commission to yourselves… Above all, for my just guidance I beg of you to Invoice your goods at their exact price & do me the justice to believe that I only consult your best Interest when I make this request…”
In a copy of his previous letter from 7th of February 1821 written after the main text Hodgson gives and interesting note on the preferable textiles for the South American market: “The red ground prints are getting out of vogue, and it will not be advisable for you to repeat them. Your next shipment of this article should be <…> red, green, yellow, pale lilac and <…> handsome darkish grounds – all with very bright lively tints. The newest patterns are generally the most favorite. I cannot obtain any tasteful patterns.”
A very interesting and informative letter.
“Hodgson, Robinson & Company (formerly Green & Hodgson) was a major British import/export house trading with South America during the first half of the nineteenth century. The developing markets of South America provided good opportunities for British textile manufacturers and merchants to export their wares, while wool, hides, tallow and dried beef were traded in the opposite direction. James Hodgson went into partnership with Joseph Green of Liverpool in 1818, trading between Britain and Argentina. The partnership was dissolved in 1829 and in the following year Hodgson formed a partnership with John Robinson, his former accountant; both partners were based in Buenos Aires. The partnership lasted until 1844, whereupon James Hodgson returned to Liverpool, although he continued to trade on his own account, and still owned a ranch in the Cordoba province of Argentina” (See: e-catalogue of the John Rylands Library of the University of Manchester).
“The partnership of Fielden Brothers was formed in 1816, based at Waterside Mill in Todmorden, West Yorkshire, and it became one of the most important and profitable textile firms in the country. John Fielden, a practising Unitarian, was elected MP for Oldham in 1832 with William Cobbett. He was known for his radical politics, taking an active part in the movement to limit the hours of factory labour and attempting to get a minimum wage agreement for handloom weavers” (See: e-catalogue of the John Rylands Library of the University of Manchester).


[Autograph Letter Signed by Jasper Taylor [?], a Miner in Nevada City Quartz Mill, to his Sister Discussing the Nature and Climate of Nevada County, and Gold Mining and Social Life in Nevada City].

Nevada [City], 28 November 1856. Quarto (ca. 25x19,5 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Fold marks, slightly worn on centre folds, otherwise a very good letter.
An interesting personal letter from a miner in a quartz mill near Nevada City, written in the later years of the California Gold Rush. The quartz mill the miner mentions in the letter is most likely the Empire Mine in the Grass Valley, "one of the oldest, largest, deepest, longest and richest gold mines in California," and nowadays a state historic park (see: Empire Mine SHP on California Department. Parks & Recreation online).
Addressing his sister, the miner describes the nature and social life in Nevada County: “the country where I live, is nothing [but] mountains hills and dales, it is a very rough country around here but there some of the most beautiful here that there is in the world, down in the valleys is splendid country level and rich, it is the most productive of any land I ever heard of, wheat goes as high as 75 bushels per acre <…> There is not much Society here, Sundays pass of very slow, churches are about as scarce as hen teeth. There was a preacher came around the other day to me and wanted me to give him some money to build a church, I told him that I had just sent on to San Francisco for a large stock of goods and it had drained me out entirely. A little about the weather now: winter has just set now and it is very cold, we had a very hard snow storm last night”. He also remarks on the quartz mining operations he is involved in: “I am going to Nevada today, I am working at a guarts [sic!] mill about one mile and a half from Nevada, here is where they take gold out of quarts rock, you have often heard of quarts having gold in it, there is a grat [sic!] quantity of it here, it is very profitable business, it pays as high as fifty and a hundred dollars a ton here, but other places it pays a more.”
In a note to his father the miner says, that “I think being that I have come to California I must try and make something before I come home <…> in about one year from this time if I do not strike anything good. I am working at a quarts [sic!] mill now, here is where they take gold out of quarts rock. I wish you could come out and see them take gold out of quarts. You had better take trip out here next spring, you would feel like another man, rent your farm out it will be a good thing for you…”
Overall a very interesting firsthand account of gold mining in Nevada County, which itself was formed as a result of the California Gold Rush.


[BAEGERT, Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California..,]

Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo. [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives" (Hill 46); Barrett 129. "According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.


[Album of 156 Photographs of Travels Around the World ca. 1890 including 27 Photographs of British Columbia].

Ca. 1890. Oblong Quarto. 32 leaves. With 156 photographs with descriptions, most ca. 7x10 cm (3 x 4 in) but several larger. Period dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with brown cloth boards. Rebacked in style, otherwise, a very good album.
The strong images show: Liverpool, Quebec, Ottawa, Victoria, Calgary, Crossing the Rockies, Kootenay Lake, Aden, Alexandria, Bombay, Delhi, Agra, Cairo, Benares, Colombo, Madras, Calcutta, Madura, Kandi, Taj Mahal, Honolulu, Fiji, Melbourne and Hobart.


27. [CANADA & U.S.A.]
[Album with 55 Original Photographs by William Notman & Son, Bailey Bros., S.J. Thompson, D.A. Weese, A. Loeffler and S.J. Johnston showing Vancouver, Canadian Rockies, Toronto, Montreal, Kingston, New York and the Hudson River Valley, Supplemented with 13 Amateur Photos taken by the Album’s Compiler during the Travel along the Canadian Pacific Railway].

Ca. 1890-1900s. Folio (ca. 36x26 cm). 30 card leaves (4 blank). With 46 large gelatin silver, albumen and platinum prints, from ca. 12x22,5 cm (4 ½ x 9 in) to ca. 26,5x21 cm (10 ¼ x 8 ¼ in). With nine smaller professional gelatin silver prints ca. 9,5x12 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ¾ in) and thirteen amateur albumen and gelatin silver prints ca. 9x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in) or slightly smaller. All professional photos signed, numbered or titled in negative. Original brown half morocco album with green cloth sides and decorative endpapers; paper label of “Arentshorst & Zoon Boekbinderij, Kampen” on the first pastedown. A couple of images slightly faded, but the majority in very good condition.
Attractive album of large photos of Canada and the Eastern United States. Albumen prints by the studio of “William Notman & Son” include a nice view of “Vancouver from C.P.R. Hotel” (showing the West End and the Coal Harbour), and a series of twenty photos taken on the Canadian Pacific Railway: Albert Canyon; Glacier House; The Great Glacier from Road; Marion Lake, Mt. Abbott Glacier; Bow Lake & Mt. Hector; West Ottertail Mountain, Leanchoil; Van Horne Range; Cathedral Peak; Lake Louise; Emerald Lake; Cascade Canyon & Mountain; C.P.R. Hotel and Bow Valley; Banff Springs Hotel & Mount Rundle; Banff & Tunnel Mountain; Bow Valley from Banff Hotel; Bow River [with Mount Rundle and a small wharf with canoes]; Sundance Canyon; Three Sisters, Canmore; The Gap looking west. There is also a nice panorama of Medicine Hat with the truss Finlay Bridge across the South Saskatchewan River.
Among the other photos of the Canadian Rockies are three large gelatin silver prints by Bailey Brothers: X.602. Fraser Canyon near North Bend; X.790. Eastern Corner of Mt. Stephen, Kicking Horse Pass; X.791. Bow River, Banff National Park. Another gelatin silver print titled “Mt. Stephen from Kicking Horse Valley” was produced by one of the brothers, William H. Bailey (signed W.H.B. In negative). There is also a platinum print by S.J. Thompson showing Mt. Rundle in Banff. The album also houses thirteen small amateur photos of the Canadian Rockies taken during a voyage on the CPR.
Eastern Canada is represented in three original photos by Notman & Son: 3027. South East from Parliament Bldg, Toronto; Montreal from the Mountain; [A view of the Maisonneuve Monument in Montreal]. There is also a series of six views of Kingston, Ontario by D.A. Weese: City Buildings; Private Dwelling; a Part of Harbour; Falls, Kingston Mills; Rideau at Mills; Kingston. A large anonymous photo shows the Place du Canada in Montreal with the Macdonald Monument. Four large anonymous photos depict the Niagara Falls, with two images titled in negative: “14. Genl. View from New Bridge, Moonlight” and “Whirlpool rapids, Niagara Falls.”
The “U.S. Views” include a photo by A. Loeffler “City Hall, Pulitzer, Tribune, Times & Potter Buildings,” three albumen prints by J.S. Johnston showing the Madison Square, the Brooklyn Bridge and the Statue of Liberty; two unsigned views captioned in negative: “The Banks of the Hudson, Lower Entrance to the Highlands” and “84. The Banks of the Hudson, Upper Entrance to the Highlands;” and a view of the Thousand Islands region in the New York State by Notman & Son. The album closes with four gelatin silver prints at rear showing a Chinese town and the Hague city (Holland). Overall an attractive photograph collection.


PEACOCK, [Alfred?]
[Historically Important Album with Fourteen Original Watercolours of South Eastern British Columbia Including the Canadian Pacific Railway Titled on the Spine:] B.C. & C.P.R. Album.

1886. Oblong Folio (ca. 29x40cm). Fourteen album leaves with fourteen mounted watercolours ca. 20,5x31 cm (8 x 12 ½ in.) and slightly smaller, all titled and two dated. Recent period style blue half morocco album with cloth boards, spine with raised bands and gilt lettered title. A very good album with beautiful watercolours.
Attractive album with fourteen watercolours of south-eastern British Columbia including the Canadian Pacific Railway including:
1) Moberly Peak. - 1st Columbia Crossing. - Kicking Horse Pass; 2) Moberly Peak. - Mouth of Kicking Horse Pass. - Rocky Mountains. -Valley of Columbia, Selkirks. Columbia R.; 3) Graves alongside the dump. C.P.R.; 4) C.P.R. Snow Sheds in the Mountains.; 5) Kicking Horse Pass. Canadian Pacific Railway; 6) Packing over the Mountains; 7) Selkirks from high ground near "1st crossing of Columbia R.;" 8) Bit of the Rockies near mouth of Blackberry R. - Columbia R. In foreground; 9) Going down the Columbia - Oct. 1886; 10) On the Columbia R.; 11) Law’s Ranche - Head of Columbia River Oct. 1886; 12) Engineers Office - Gaol - Court House - Stoess[Stores?]; 13) Landing at Golden City - Columbia River; 14) Kicking Horse River - Selkirk Range - Golden City (Pig - Queens Hotel - R. Lang's Store - Pat's House). Peacock was no doubt one of the transcontinental passengers who travelled and documented the C.P.R. In 1886, the first year of its operation. "The last spike in the CPR was driven on 7 November 1885, by one of its directors, Donald Smith, but so many cost-cutting shortcuts were taken in constructing the railway that regular transcontinental service could not start for another seven months while work was done to improve the railway's condition (part of this was due to snow in the mountains and lack of snow sheds to keep the line open).., The first transcontinental passenger train departed from Montreal's Dalhousie Station, located at Berri Street and Notre Dame Street at 8 pm on 28 June 1886, and arrived at Port Moody at noon on 4 July 1886" (Wikipedia).


[WALKER, Henry, Captain]
[Manuscript Journal of the Ship Ida From Boston Voyage to Valparaiso, San Blas, Guayaquil and back to Boston in 1821-23, Titled]: Journal kept on board the Ship Ida of Boston <...> from Boston towards N.W. Coast of America.

[Primarily at sea], 1821-1823. Folio (31x19 cm). [188] pp. With two manuscript deeds, and four other sheets of manuscript laid in. Period brown quarter sheep with marbled boards, housed in a new light brown cloth clamshell box with green gilt lettered sheep label. Rubbed at extremities, lightly soiled. Some minor scattered foxing, else text is clean and very legible. Deeds chipped and lightly foxed. Old fold lines; one reinforced along folds, the other with a hole one inch by two, affecting text. Overall a very good manuscript.
The journal details Ida’s voyage in 1821-23 from Boston to San Blas in Mexico around Cape Horn, with stops in Valparaiso (Chile) and Guayaquil (Ecuador), and the return journey to the United States. The voyage went in several stages: at first, from Boston to Valparaiso (December 7th, 1821 - February 14th, 1822); then after a two-month furlough from Valparaiso to San Blas (April 12th - May 24th, 1822); then back to South America, to Guayaquil (August 2nd - September 4th of the same year); from there back to Valparaiso (October 11th - November 24th, 1822), and a return journey to the US (June 1st - July 6th, 1823).
The journal methodically records the nautical details of Ida’s voyage: wind and weather conditions, daily mileage, speed of the ship each hour, latitude and longitude, and geographical objects encountered and passed on the way. Captain Walker notes that he departed on the Ida from Boston harbor "with a heavy heart and thoughts of home," crossed the Equator on the 30th of December, and the next day passed the archipelago of Fernando Noronha (354 km offshore from the Brazilian coast). On the 25th of January she passed the Falkland Islands, and went through the Drake Passage: along Terra del Fuego "for eight leagues making in sharp peaks like steeples," Staten Land (Isla de los Estados) and Diego Ramirez Islands. On the 4th of February Ida rounded Cape Horn, and on that day Walker "saw a Rain Bow at midnight caused by the moon", two days later he observed a moon eclipse. Santiago’s port San Antonio was sighted on the 13th of February, and the next day Ida arrived in Valparaiso.
During the sailing to San Blas Walker noted the ship passing the Galapagos Islands, Cabo Corrientes (Mexico) et al; on return journey to Guayaquil - Islas Marias (Mexico) and Isla de la Plata (Ecuador). Ida arrived to Puna island at the head of Gulf of Guayaquil on the 4th of September. On the way back to Valparaiso she passed Juan Fernandez Island and stayed in port San Antonio, at the mouth of Maipo River for several days. During this part of the voyage Ida got caught in many storms, the note from 24th of October witnesses "Strong gales, squalls and rough sea; ship requires pumping every two hours."
The journal contains an impressive entry describing the Valparaiso earthquake on the 20th of November 1822: "At 11 P.M. We was sudenly [sic] alarmed by a violent shock that effected the ship as if she had struck the bottom, all hands sprung on deck and cried out the ship ashore...on reflection knew it was impossible for her to have struck any bottom in so heavy a sea as was on at the time without bilging the bottom in. I then thought of a wreck of a vessel but lastly I imputed it to an earth quake." Aftershocks wrack the sea periodically for the next few days. On the 22nd of November they got word about the effects of the quake: "They <..,> informed us that there had been a heavy shock of an earth quake on shore and that Valparaiso had been nearly destroyed and had lost 23 lives in the fall of a Castle. St. Jago & several of the towns in the interior had suffered severely the inhabitants about the sea coast fled to the mountains for safety fearing that the sea would flow in upon them, animals of every kind on shore appeared to be affected by the shock."
There is also an interesting note about the ship Emerald of London coming from New South Wales to Rio de Janeiro with a cargo of oil which Ida encountered in the South Atlantic on the 20th of January, 1822. She provided Emerald with provisions, including "6 barrels of flour, 6 of beef, one of pork and two of bread and two cases of gin," but the next day the sailors "found a strange man on board that had secreted himself under one of the forecastle berths; he said he came from the Emerald in the second boat - he is supposed to be a convict from New Holland." No hint is given as to the fate of the stowaway. The journal also keeps track of wildlife seen at sea, including dolphins, sharks, turtles, flying fish, and albatrosses, boobies and various other birds.
One of the later notes records the sale of Ida: "I was informed by Capt. Scott that the ship Ida was sold this day" (1st of March, 1823). There is no record of the interim period, and Walker's entries are both brief and incomplete about a return journey to Boston in summer 1823. There are notes in a later hand throughout the volume which give pieces of information about Walker, and a paragraph on the last page gives an account of Walker's return, indicating that Walker returned on a whaling vessel to Nantucket and thence to Boston.
The two deeds pertain to land. They are marked as "Deed, Walker to Woodbury," and "Nancy Walker's share in the estate of Luke Woodbury - Copy." The other manuscript sheets are in the same later hand as in the journal and elaborate further on Walker's life and career.
Overall an interesting collection related to 19th century US commercial maritime voyages.


General Chart of the West India Islands, with the adjacent Coasts of the Southern Continent; Including the Bay of Yucatan or Honduras. Composed from a great Variety of Surveys and Observations, Particularly those made by the Officers of the Spanish Navy.

London: R.H. Laurie, 1828, 1834. Large folding copper engraved map, dissected and linen backed, ca. 63x95,5 cm (24 ¾ x 37 ½ in), outline hand coloured. Housed in the original green cloth slipcase with printed paper title label on the side. Slipcase slightly rubbed, map with mild offset, otherwise a very good map.
The map is dedicated “to Captain Andrew Livingston, of Glasgow and Liverpool, in token of respect, and in acknowledgement of his extensive communications for the improvement of navigation, particularly that of the West Indies.” “This large-scale chart depicts the southern tip of Florida, the Caribbean, Central America from Yucatan to Panama, and the northern coast of South America. There is great detail along the coasts, with numerous place names, soundings, safe anchorages, and navigational hazards. In South America, there is good inland detail of the Magdalena and Orinoco rivers and Lake Maracaibo. A small cartouche in the bottom left corner dedicates the chart to Captain Andrew Livingston. Engraved by W. R. Gardner and published by Richard Holmes Laurie” (Old World Auctions).


[Album with 71 Original Photographs Showing Early Mountaineering on Mt. Rainier and Mt. Stuart in the Cascades].

Ca. 1910s. Oblong Quarto (ca. 18,5x27,5 cm) 21 black stock leaves. 71 mounted gelatin silver prints, including nine large images ca. 11,5x16,5 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in), the rest are from ca. 9,5x11,5 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ½ in) to ca. 8x5,5 cm (3 ¼ x 2 ¼ in). One titled “On the Queets Trail,” one signed “G.P. Fera” in negative, four with pencil on ink notes on verso. Original black cloth album. A few images slightly faded or with mild silvering, several photos apparently removed from the album, binding slightly rubbed on extremities, but overall a very good album.
Album with early interesting images of Washington state backcountry and mountaineering in the Cascades, around Mt. Stuart and Mt. Rainier. Among the photos are views of mountains, glaciers, lakes, creeks and waterfall in the vicinity, numerous portraits of mountaineers going on trails, climbing, resting in camps, skiing down the slopes, posing in front of cabins et al. Three images are captioned on verso “Mt. Rainier” and “Waterfalls near Mt. Stuart, Roslyn Wash.”


CHARCOT, Jean-Baptiste (1867-1936)

Autograph Letter Signed ‘J. Charcot’ to ‘Un Monsieur’ About Latter’s Son’s Desire to Join the ‘Pourquoi-Pas?’ Crew. Neuilly-s-Seine, 5 May 1933. Quarto ca. 27 x 21 cm (10 ½ x 8 ¼ in). One page. Laid paper, folded twice, the text is written in ink in a legible hand, with the address printed on top. Very minor tear on fold, otherwise in very good condition.
[With:] An Original Press Photograph Showing "Polar Explorer Honoured O.P.S.: Dr. Charcot, the famous French polar explorer, receiving a medal from Marshal Franchet d'Esperey at the Geographical Society today. On right is Mme Charcot, the servant's wife, on left Mme Waldeck-Rousseau, sister of Dr.Charcot." Oblong Octavo ca. 13x18 cm (5x7 in), dated 24 June 1934. Photograph annotated in Spanish and with several stamps and pasted on notes in English and Spanish. A very good photograph.
These two items are related to the last expedition of the famous French Antarctic Explorer Jean-Baptist Charcot. Conducting an ethnographic survey of Greenland and Iceland in partnership with the French explorer Paul-Émile Victor, the crew of the ‘Pourquoi-Pas?' also mapped the region. The expedition ended with tragedy, when on 16 September 1936 the ship was caught in a violent cyclonic storm and was lost on the reefs off the coast of Iceland. Twenty-three of the crew were lost in the wreck and 17 survivors died before rescue came, leaving only one survivor, Eugène Gonidec, master steersman. Jean-Baptiste Charcot was one of the dead, aged 69 (Wikipedia).
The letter is from Charcot to an unidentified recipient whose son wished to join the crew of the expedition ship 'Pourquoi pas?.' Charcot would have liked to respond positively, but: "Le 'Pourquoi pas?' est armé par la Marine Nationale et son équipage ne peut être formé que par des marins d'Etat en activité. Si votre fils s'était trouvé sous les drapeaux au moment de la désignation de l'équipage j'aurais pu tenter une démarche au Ministère mais dans les conditions actuelles il n'y a malheureusement rien à faire." [The 'Pourquoi pas?' is outfitted by the Marine Nationale and its crew can only be formed from currently working Marine's servicemen. If your son was doing his national service at the time the crew was chosen, I could have tried and queried the Ministère. However, owing to these circumstances, there is nothing much that I can do]. Charcot also mentioned Doctor Louis Gain (1883-1963), the naturalist of the French Antarctic Expedition 1908-10, who directed the request to him. Regarding the date of the letter it’s likely related to Charcot’s last expedition departed for Greenland in 1934. In that case the letter is not only an interesting historical witness of the last Charcot’s expedition, but also a document which might have saved the life of a young French mariner.
The accompanying press photograph was taken shortly before Charcot left on this, his last expedition.


33. [CHILE]
[Original Watercolour Showing the Harbour of Coquimbo, Chile].

January 1851. Watercolour and pencil on paper, ca. 13x17,5 cm (5 ¼ x 7 in). Captioned and signed in pencil in the left lower corner. Mounted on paper within a hand drawn watercolour border. Recently matted, very good watercolour.
Early important view of the Chilean city of Coquimbo, which developed from a fishing village into an important international port in the 1840-es, but was officially designated as a town only in 1867. The view was made at the time of the crucial initial stage of Coquimbo’s development and gives a wide panorama of the harbour with several large sailing vessels, and the core of the growing settlement, then just a small fishing village, with several houses and a church in the distance.
“Coquimbo is a port city, commune and capital of the Elqui Province, located on the Pan-American Highway, in the Coquimbo Region of Chile. The natural harbor in Coquimbo was taken over by Pedro de Valdivia from Spain in 1550. The gold and copper industry in the region led to the city's importance as a port around 1840 and many Europeans especially from England settled in Coquimbo. In 1867 it was recognized as a town” (Wikipedia).


[Historically Significant and Important Period Manuscript Report of the Naval and Military Actions in Chile and Peru]: Estado que en el dia de la fecha tiene el Vireinato de Lima; Provincias del de Buenos Ayres recuperadas y concervadas por el Ejercito del alto Peru; y finalmente en el que ce halla el Reyno de Chile [The State at this Date of the Viceroyalty of Lima, the Provinces of Buenos Aires, taken back by the Army of Alto Peru; and finally the State of the Kingdom of Chile].

Lima, 1 November 1818. Small Folio (ca. 31x21 cm). 6 pp. Brown ink on laid paper with watermarks ‘A’ and ‘PLA’. Text in Spanish in legible hand writing. Later marbled paper wrappers. Manuscript in very good condition.
Historically significant and important period report of the final stage of the Chilean (1810-1826) and Peruvian (1811-1824) Wars of Independence, compiled by Spanish colonial authorities. Our copy apparently belonged to Joaquín de la Pezuela, 1st Marquis of Viluma (1761–1830) who was a viceroy of Peru during the War of Independence: there is a handwritten remark “Es copia Pezuela” in the end of the text.
The document is divided into three parts (“Vireinato de Lima”, “Egéreito del Perú”, and “Reyno de Chile”) and starts with the report of advance of the Royalist forces (3400 men under command of General Mariano de Osorio) from Callao to Talcahuano in order to regain Chile. Then follow the descriptions of Battle of Cancha Rayada (18 March 1818), Battle of Maipú (5 April 1818), San Martín’s famous Crossing of the Andes (January-February 1817) et al. A large part of the text is dedicated to the actions of the Royalists’ army in Alto Peru under command of José de la Serna e Hinojosa (1770-1832). The author reports on the numbers of armed forces in different provinces of the Vireinato de Lima and gives a picture of the wartime Peru from north to south.
Very important is the extensive material on the naval war near the coast of Chile and Peru, and the actions of the First Chilean Navy Squadron which was formed in 1817-1818 and eventually “terminated Spanish colonial rule on the south-west coast of South America” (Wikipedia). The report lists 12 vessels of the Royalists’ naval forces (Las fuerzas de mar): frigates Esmeralda, Cleopatra, Presidenta and Venganza, brigantines Pezuela and Potrillo, corvet Sebastiano et al. There are notes on the condition and amount of guns of each vessel. A separate list is dedicated to the enemy vessels and also details their artillery: Lautaro and Cumberland (bought from the British East India Company); corvette Coquimbo (bought from the US), four brigantines, and seven corsairs (Anglo-American and French).
The document reports on the blockade of Valparaiso in March-April 1818, and naval actions, e.g. The attack on Spanish corvette Resolution near Callao by the corsair force consisting of the British, American, Portuguese and Irish sailors (19 October). The text is concluding with the news that the naval reinforcement for the Royalists has departed from Spain: frigate Especulation left Cadiz on the 21st of May with 6 officials and 200 men from the Regiment of Cantabria, a part of a larger force which will embark in Callao and will go immediately to reinforce the army of Alto Peru. Frigate Maria Isabel will increase the maritime forces destined to blockade Valparaiso. The author has no doubt that “Our maritime force should succeed in destroying the rebels and will give us advantage in the reconquista de Chile”.


BYRON, Hon. John (1723-1786)
[Byron's Manuscript Order Book as Commander and (from 30 December 1746) Captain of the Sloop Vulture, 1 May – 16 September 1746, and Subsequently of the Centurion, 27 November – 21 December 1746, of the Syren, 26 January – 6 October 1747, the Falkland, 3 November 1747 – 22 July 1748, the St. Albans Patrolling the Coast of Guinea, 21 February 1748 – 30 August 1752, the Augusta at Plymouth, 16 January – 3 October 1753 and the Vanguard, 17 January 1754 – 27 January 1756].

At sea, 1746-1756. Small Folio (32x20 cm). 88 leaves. Brown ink manuscript in various very legible hands. Original vellum (probably Admiralty issue) with title in ink on front cover (“Order Book 30th April 1746”). The covers a bit soiled and darkened, inner hinges loose, but internally in very good condition.
"In 1740 [Byron] was appointed midshipman to the store ship Wager, one of the squadron under Commodore Anson bound for the Pacific. On 14 May 1741, after rounding Cape Horn, the Wager was wrecked on the southern coast of Chile. The survivors separated, Byron and a few others remaining with the captain. After undergoing considerable hardship they succeeded in reaching Valparaíso, and from here, in December 1744, they were permitted to return to Europe by a French ship, which carried them to Brest. They arrived in England in February 1746" (Oxford DNB). This order book documents Byron's naval career for the next decade after his return from Anson's expedition. The period covered includes when "he was made captain and appointed to the frigate Syren [30 December 1746]. [Then] in August 1748 he married Sophia (d. 1790), daughter of John Trevanion of Carhays in Cornwall; they had two sons and seven daughters, of whom three died in infancy. After the peace Byron commanded the St Albans, one of the squadron patrolling the coast of Guinea; in 1753 he commanded the guard ship Augusta at Plymouth; and in 1755 the Vanguard"(Oxford DNB). The orders for the St. Albans include several mentions of actions at Cape Coast Castle which was then the capital of the British possessions on the Gold Coast and was later badly damaged by the French in the Seven Years' War. "In 1764 Byron was sent out on a voyage of discovery, during the course of which he circumnavigated the globe [and was able to] claim the Falkland Island for Britain and set a record of twenty-two months for a circumnavigation" (Howgego B200).
18th century captain’s order books like this one are exceedingly rare, especially ones maintained by famous circumnavigators like Byron who was known as ‘Foul-weather Jack’ and for whom Captain Cook named Cape Byron after. This order book comprises of transcripts of the orders, signals, and other official communications received by Byron and sent by him in the course of his various commands during the years 1746-56. Byron was the grandfather of the famous poet bearing his name.


[Album with over 290 Original Photos or Real Photo Postcards of Alaska, with the Emphasis on the Construction and Early Years of the Copper River & Northwestern Railway from Cordova to the Kennekott Copper Mines].

Ca. 1900-1910s. Oblong Folio (ca. 25x36 cm). Over 50 leaves. With over 290 gelatin silver prints (including over 20 dismounted or loosely inserted ones), vast majority printed as real photo postcards (private and studio ones); also with three large photos ca. 18,5x23,5 cm (7 ¼ x 9 ¼ in) and about two dozen small family portraits. Over 20 images signed and/or titled in negative. With a business card of Lila Marie Hubbell (pianist and teacher, Bremerton, Wash.) loosely inserted. Period style brown half morocco with cloth covered boards; gilt lettered title “Alaska album” on the spine. A number of leaves worn and with tears on extremities, several detached from the stub and loosely inserted, some photos removed from the album (but with 20 additional loose photos at rear); overall a very good album.
Interesting historically significant album with early images of the Copper River and Northwestern Railway, constructed in 1907-1911 by J. P. Morgan and the Guggenheim family to transport copper ore from the Kennicott mining town to Cordova. The railway operated until the copper deposits were depleted in 1938. The Copper River Highway and the McCarthy road were subsequently constructed along the railway’s tracks.
The album apparently compiled by one of the employees of the CR&NW Railway, or by a local resident, contains over 20 original photos of the railway’s trains, going along the tracks, snow plowing, or with railroad workers, engine drivers or passengers posing to the camera. The photos include a nice portrait of the engine drivers posing next to the train’s snow plow on the track, group portrait of workers and officials of the Katalla Coal Company Railroad posing on engine at Brunner Crossing (real photo postcard by Evans), and a view of “Lieut. F. Mears private train, Sept. 5th to 8th 1914, standing at Chitina depot, C.R. & N.W.Ry.” (real photo postcard by P.S. Hunt). A series of eight photos depict a train wreck on the CR&NW Railway with cranes and workers trying to raise the train from a river; there are also scenes of the railway’s survey and construction operations with wood blocks and excavators at work. A dozen photos depict the tracks of the CR&NW Railway, from the wharf in Cordova to the Kennikott mine with the end of the tracks; about seven images show the bridges, including the Kuskalana Bridge under construction and sections of the Million Dollar Bridge across the Copper River. There are also interesting images of several ships belonging to the Alaska Steamship Company fleet which were used to bring supplies for the CR&NW Railway construction: original photo of the steamer “Nizina” with passengers on board, and real photo postcards of S.S. Farallon, S.S. Yukatan and S.S. Northwestern (by J. Thwaites, also with a large photo of the ship by Winter Pond Co.). There is also a real photo postcard of a wreck of S.S. Portland on a beach at Katalla (near Cordova).
Large group of images represent family photos of the album’s compiler, showing Alaskan residents posing in front of their houses, cabins, in hunting camps, with sledge dogs, on board local steamers or small sailing boats; there are interesting photos of the interiors of local houses and cabins, scenes of public entertainment in Fairbanks, a big group portrait taken during a public celebration, a photo of a “Wash day at Smith’s camp”; portrait of skaters on the ice near Chitina et al. Several photos and real photo postcards show views of Cordova, Tenakee Springs, Ketchikan, Seward, Fort Liscum, Chitina and Copper Rivers, Alaskan towns, mountains, glaciers et al. About 20 real photo postcards mounted in the album were taken by J. Thwaites, E. Hegg, Andrew Evans, H.A. Ives, P.S. Hunt, and Winter Pond Co. Overall a very good album.


BEGBIE, Sir Matthew Baillie (1819-1894)
[Leaflet Titled]: Court of British Columbia. Order of Court. Whereas, by a Proclamation under the public seal of the said Colony, issued at Victoria, V.I., the 24th day of December, I, Matthew Baillie Begbie, Judge in the said Court, am authorised, while resident in Victoria, Vancouver Island, to make general Rules and Orders of Court in the same manner and of the same force and validity as if I were resident in British Columbia...

[Victoria B.C.]: 24 December, [1858]. On a folded double folio leaf (ca. 28x39,5 cm or 11 x 15 ½ in) with the Royal Arms of the British Empire. 4 pp. The leaflet has a mild stain on the first page, minor creases on corners, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare B.C. Incunabula with only thirteen copies found in Worldcat.
Matthew Begbie’s establishment of the Court of the newly formed Colony of British Columbia (since August 2, 1858). The document contains 14 paragraphs and three forms of declarations by barristers, attorneys or solicitors, and attorneys on temporary rolls.
"Begbie reached Fort Victoria on November 16, 1858. He was sworn into office in Fort Langley on November 19, as the new Colony of British Columbia was proclaimed. Given the influx of prospectors and others during Fraser Canyon Gold Rush and the following Cariboo Gold Rush of 1861, Begbie played a crucial role in the establishment of law and order throughout the new colony" (Wikipedia).
"Sir Matthew Baillie Begbie was the first Chief Justice of the Crown Colony of British Columbia in colonial times and in the first decades after confederation of Canada.
Begbie served as the first Judge of the Supreme Court, Colony of British Columbia 1858 to 1866 and then, in the same capacity in the Supreme Court, the United Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia from 1866 to 1870. He was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Colonies from 1870 to 1871 and, following British Columbia joining confederation in 1871, he served as the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the new Province of British Columbia until his death on June 11, 1894.
In the years after his death, Begbie came to be known as the Hanging Judge. However, it appears that he does not deserve this reputation. The death penalty was mandatory in murder cases in those days unless the government approved a judge's recommendation for clemency. Indeed, Begbie successfully argued for clemency in several cases" (Wikipedia).


[Photograph Album with Over 180 Early Images of British Columbia and Alberta, Including Rare Images of Pioneer Coal Mining Towns in the Crowsnest Pass of Southeast B.C. – Fernie, Today’s Ghost Towns Michel and Natal; as well as Vancouver, Victoria, Nanaimo, Ladysmith, Edmonton, Banff et al.].

Ca. 1900-1910. Oblong Quarto (ca. 18x26 cm). Fifty leaves, with approximately 182 mounted gelatin silver prints, the majority on postcard size or slightly smaller. Most images with period manuscript captions in ink. Original black pebbled cloth album. Several photographs loose, a handful with some damage, but overall a very good album with generally strong images.
Interesting photo album with a number of rare views of pioneer coal mining towns located in the Crowsnest Pass of Southeastern British Columbia: Fernie and presently deserted Michel and Natal with their surroundings. Apparently assembled by local residents (probably, by some Alex and Agnes Middleton, whose portraits are included), the album unveils an extensive gallery of the photos of Michel: general views with the railway station and rows of miners’ houses; photos of the coal tipple, power houses, Catholic church, hotel, store of the Trites Wood Company (taken before and after the big fire of 1908), a view of Michel taken at moonlight, et al. The photos of Natal show the C.P.R. Depots and general views of the town in summer and winter. Several views of Fernie shows its Catholic church, Pearson Residence, railroad loop, a street and general view of the tent camp after the great fire of August 1908. One photo shows another ghost town of the area - “Corbin, B.C., in the heart of the Rockies.”
The Crowsnest pass and vicinities of all three towns are shown in a number of images: of Michel Creek; Crowsnest Mountain and Lake, Elk’s prairie, canyon, river and falls; “Government road, 1 mile from Michel,” Fairy Creek Dam, Lizard Range; a couple of casual images show a camping party at Crowsnest. Several interesting images show a logging camp at the Eddy’s spur, located nearby.
Additionally, there are several interesting images of Vancouver (waterfront, Stanley Park, Hastings St., docks and steamers), fisheries at New Westminster; street views of Victoria, Nanaimo, Ladysmith, Edmonton, and Blairmore. An interesting image, apparently taken in Alberta, depicts a carriage of “Immigrants cross River.” All in all, a very nice, cohesive collection of images from the early pioneer days of British Columbia.


39. [CUBA]
[EZPELETA ENRILE, Joaquin, Captain General of Cuba] (1788-1863)
[Two Official Letters to Joaquin Ezpeleta Enrile, Captain General of Cuba in 1838-1840, from U.S. Consuls in Havana and Trinidad de Cuba; the First one in English; and the Second One Translated into Spanish by a Havana Translator].

Letter from U.S. Consul Nicholas Philip Trist: Havana, Consulate of the United States of America, 18 April 1838. Folio (ca. 30,5x21,5 cm). 2 pp., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on paper, official ink stamp of the US Consulate in Havana in the upper left corner of the first leaf. Legible text in English. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good document.
Letter from U.S. Consul Thomas R. Gray translated into Spanish by Luis Paynes [?]: Havana, 29 September 1838 (original document: Trinidad de Cuba, 15 September 1838). Folio (ca 30x21 cm). 2 pp., with an integral blank leaf. Mild offset, fold marks, otherwise a very good document.

Two official letters to Joaquin Ezpeleta Enrile, Captain General of Cuba in 1838-1840, from Nicholas Philip Trist (1800-1847) and Thomas R. Gray, U.S. Consuls in Havana and Trinidad de Cuba. In the first letter Trist congratulates Ezpeleta Enrile on his appointment as the new Captain General of Cuba, and wishes that good relations between the two nations will continue. He reassures Ezpeleta that “to no other foreign country is an event of this nature so necessarily, so intensively or so deeply interesting, as it is to that which I have the honor to represent <…> I can form no better with for the very numerous class of my countrymen who have direct & special personal interests in the prosperity of this magnificent Island, and consequently in the way in which it may be governed, than that the expectation awakened by Y.E’s Proclamation may be fulfilled…”
In his letter to Joaquin Ezpeleta Enrile Thomas R. Gray, U.S. Consul in Trinidad de Cuba files a complaint regarding “an order from this city's chief of navy informing that all captains of American ships along with its passengers may need to present themselves in person,” which both “Spanish and American merchants as well as captains and passengers had complained to me about <…> I wish that Your Excellency will be kind enough to arrange that I be instructed competently and respectfully regarding that order so that my fellow citizens may find out about it with expected appropriateness” (in translation). The original letter was written in English (Trinidad de Cuba, 15 September 1838), but we have only an official Spanish translation of it, done two weeks later by a Havana translator Luis Paynes.
“Cuba and the United States of America have had an interest in one another since well before either of their independence movements. Plans for purchase of Cuba from the Spanish Empire were put forward at various times by the United States. As the Spanish influence waned in the Caribbean, the United States gradually gained a position of economic and political dominance over the island, with the vast majority of foreign investment holdings and the bulk of imports and exports in its hands, as well as a strong influence on Cuban political affairs. Following the Cuban Revolution of 1959, relations deteriorated substantially and have been marked by tension and confrontation since. The United States does not have formal diplomatic relations with Cuba and has maintained an embargo which makes it illegal for U.S. Corporations to do business with Cuba” (Wikipedia).


Comparative Statement of the Duties of Customs Levied on Certain Staple Articles in British Columbia, United Kingdom, United States of America, Canada, and Other Principal British Colonies.

New Westminster, B.C.: Government Printing Office, 17th March, 1868. Four Elephant Folio broadsides ca. 43x68,5 cm. Folded twice, with visible fold marks, otherwise near fine documents.
Rare early large format BC imprints. A detailed comparative statement listing customs duties for over 200 items, from Ale to Yeast, arriving in British Columbia and seventeen other countries and colonies, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Prince Edward Island, several British colonies in the Caribbean (Bermuda, Jamaica, Bahamas) and Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, Queensland etc.), as well as New Zealand, Ceylon, and Natal. The statement was apparently prepared in order to find possible sources of income for the Colony struggling with the overwhelming debt inherited from the initial Colonies of British Columbia and Vancouver Island, as well as with the economic depression caused by the end of the gold rush. The other reason could be a necessity to work out the finances involved in the contemplated confederation with Canada.
See the note from the meeting of the 5th Session of the Legislative Council of BC, 21 April 1868: “Frederick Seymour. Message No. 6. The Governor lays before the Legislative Council a Return that he has caused to be prepared, showing the Duties of Customs levied on certain staple articles in British Columbia, Great Britain, the United States, Canada, and other principal British Colonies. The Return will be interesting to the Honorable Council. It is not, however, the Governor’s intention to introduce any measure for altering the Duties of Customs during the present Session” (Journals of the Colonial Legislatures of the Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, 1851-1871/ Ed. By James E. Hendrickson. Vol. 5. Journals of the Legislative Council of British Columbia, 1867-1871, p. 136).
It is interesting to compare custom duties for the import of books and manuscripts in all 17 listed regions: There was no duty on books in eleven of them, including British Columbia. Customs applied for reprints of British authors in Prince Edward Island, and foreign reprints in the Bahamas and Natal. The customs duties in the UK give an early example of regulations based on the age of books, with books printed prior 1801 being free of customs, and books printed later having a levy of – from 15 to 30 s. Per cwt. US customs applied to all books at “25 per cent generally.”


[Original Unsigned Panoramic Watercolour Titled and Dated:] From Esquimalt May 1894.

May 1894. Watercolour and pencil on paper ca. 17x49,5 cm (7 x 19 ½ in). Titled and dated in pencil in the right lower corner. Recently matted, very good watercolour.
This painting is from a series of watercolours produced while the artist was travelling across Canada on the Canadian Pacific Railroad. The watercolour shows a view of the Olympic Mountains as seen from across the Strait of Juan de Fuca from Esquimalt looking towards Port Angeles.


[Souvenir Photo Album with 54 Platinum Phototype Views of Norway by Samuel J. Beckett, Supplemented with 22 Original Photos by a British Traveller to Norway, Including an Image of the Famous Research Ship Fram Taken During Fridtjof Nansen’s North Pole Expedition of 1893-96].

London: Waterlow & Sons, ca. 1890s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 15x24 cm). 54 card leaves. With 54 platinum phototypes ca. 11x16 cm (4 3/8 x 6 3/8 in), all with printed captions on the mounts; ten captioned, two also signed in negative. With 22 original gelatin silver prints, from ca. 13,5x20 cm (6x8 in) to ca. 7,5x10 cm (3x4 in), including seven full-page images. All with period ink captions on the mounts. Original publisher's dark green cloth album with gilt stamped title “Souvenir Series of Norwegian Views” on the front board, all edges gilt. Minor staining on the lower edge of the rear board, one card leaf loosely inserted, but overall a very good album.
This interesting album was compiled during a voyage along the Norwegian coast to the North Cape by a group of British tourists on S.S. Rollo, Wilson Line (launched in 1870). Having acquired this souvenir album of Norwegian views, its owner supplemented it with twenty-two of his own photographs made during the voyage and in most cases corresponding with the respective views in the album.
The original photographs show S.S. Rollo (off Sunndal) and travellers on board the ship; their hike to the Folgefonna glaciers (a series of five photos, including group portraits of the travelling party “starting from Sundal for the “Folgefond” and during a picnic on the way to the Folgefonna; three images of them crossing the glacier), views taken “on the Voss Railway,” showing the Sorfjorden, the Naerodal Pass from Stalheim Hotel, village of Merok, Torghatten mountain, the town of Molde taken from above and “showing heights around fjord,” Lower and Upper Lerfos waterfalls near Trondheim, a view of the fjords under “the midnight sun,” “a cod liver oil factory at Hammerfest,” and a family group of “Laplanders with reindeer.” The album closes with a photo of the party “climbing to the top of the North Cape,” and the final “group taken on North Cape at Midnight.”
Very interesting is the original photo of “Dr. Fridtjof Nansen’s ship the Fram, bound for the North. 310 tons, length 128 ft., breadth 36 ft., depth 16 ft. Passed her at Meloe, latitude 66°48,” longitude 13°20” East. July 9, 1893.” This was the famous Nansen’s Fram expedition (1893-1896) which attempted to reach the North Pole with the help of the Arctic ice drift. Fram was on its way to the Laptev Sea, having left Christiania on the 24 June 1893. The geographical point mentioned in the manuscript note is actually Meloya Island, northern Norway.
The platinum phototypes based on the photos by Samuel J. Beckett include views of Stavanger, Sundal, Odde, Begren, Vossevangen, Tvinde, Vinje, Stalheim, Merok, Molde, Trondheim, Tromso, Hammerfest, the North Cape, Folgefonna glaciers, numerous fjords, waterfalls, cliffs, the Voss railway, Norwegian folk costumes, portraits of peasants performing various agricultural works, native carriages and boats et al.


[Official Certified Transcript of Documents Relating to the Franciscan Mission of Iti and the Guaricaya Indians in Southern Bolivia].

[La Plata (Bolivia), 1784-1789]. Folio (ca. 31x21,5 cm). 31 pp., stitched with a string. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, text in Spanish. Housed in a recent navy blue half morocco box with gilt lettered title on the spine. Manuscript with minor soiling and wear, old folds and creasing. Faint damp stain on final few leaves, causing very minor loss to five or six leaves, primarily in the margin, with only a few words affected. Overall a very good manuscript.
Official collection of documents relating to missions in the Viceroyalty of La Plata in present-day Bolivia, specifically the Reduccion of Iti. Written on certified paper dated 1780-1781, with official certification stamps dated 1784-1785 and 1790-1791, the documents are in a neat secretarial hand. Included is a list of the accounts and explanations of expenses for the Reduccion of Iti, detailing items and their costs, as well as correspondence concerning their staffing and running. The Guaricaya Indians, the tribal group of the immediate area are also mentioned in the document. A significant record of an Indian mission in the foothills of the Andes, at a time for which little documentation exists.
The Iti mission, founded by the Jesuits, is one of a group of missions which survived as such into the 19th century; those immediately to the north are now designated a World Heritage site. After the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish America in 1767, most of their missions were taken over by Franciscans or secularized. The missions at Iti, Fayarenda, and Azero, all discussed in the manuscript, were among those which became Franciscan. All were in the same region of southern Bolivia, just north of the Argentine provinces of Salta and Jujuy, in what is today the Chuquisaca Department. Under Spanish rule this area had been administered by the Viceroyalty of La Plata, which controlled what are now the lowlands of Bolivia, while the highlands to the west were governed by the Viceroyalty of Peru. Iti sits along the ancient Incan road, now Route 9 in Bolivia and northern Argentina.
Provenance: Maggs, Bibliotheca Americana 3239, issued in 1924.


TEN EYCK, Samuel
[Important Autograph Letter Signed from Samuel Ten Eyck to O.B. Throop, giving a Description of Guaymas, Mexico, his Impressions of Mexicans, and Briefly Relating his Experiences During the Fraser River Gold Rush].

Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico, 27 April 1859. On a folded double quarto leaf. [4] pp. Brown ink on bluish paper. Blind stamp of a papermaker (Rolland Freres, Bordeaux) in the upper left corner. Housed in a later custom made blue quarter morocco clam shell box with gilt lettered spine. Old fold marks, otherwise a near fine letter.
In this letter Samuel Ten Eyck writes to his friend, Origin B. Throop, back home in Schoharie, New York, offering a description of the Mexican port city of Guaymas, Sonora, giving his assessment of Mexican attitudes toward Americans, and describing his experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
Samuel Ten Eyck came from a prominent family in New York's Schoharie County. He left Schoharie in the early 1850s, went to California in search of gold, took part in the Fraser River Gold Rush in British Columbia of 1858-1859, and then arrived in Guaymas, Mexico in the spring of 1859. He apparently went to Sonora in anticipation of that state and the surrounding Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sinaloa being annexed to the United States. The Gadsen Purchase Treaty, ratified in 1854, brought a part of northern Sonora into the United States, and there appears to have been some agitation for the United States to take more territory in the region. Such a thing did not occur, and it is unknown for how long Ten Eyck stayed in Guaymas waiting for it to happen, or where his travels took him next.
The letter begins by Ten Eyck asking Throop to make discreet inquiries to some of his friends as to why they have not corresponded with him. "I suppose you will be astonished to learn I am in this God-forsaken country. I must confess, I am astonished to find myself here, but here I am and what is still more pleasant, have a mighty fine prospect of, as it is termed in California, making my pile. I have been here but a month. On my arrival I found the country all excitement, and a revolution going on in the three states, 'Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa,' they being, I think, the tail end of creation, but they are full of silver mines and in saying that I say all that can be said in their favour. The Mexicans are the most hostile people in the world and think no more of killing an American than of taking a drink and as this is the scene of Walker's exploits and also where the unfortunate H.A. Crabb & followers were massacred, I am obliged to keep a pretty sharp look out. The women, however, are very kind & affectionate, and in case of difficulty invariably give you a warning and find a place of concealment for you. At least I have found it so on two occasions. <..,>
Guaymas, the seaport of Sonora & an old city, contains perhaps eight thousand inhabitants and being an earthquake country the houses are but one story high and mostly built of adoby [sic], which is the building material of mostly all houses in Mexico and on entering one is reminded more of a large brickyard than of a large city. <..,> I would not have come here but that the three states above named will without doubt be annexed to the U.S. - if so your humble servant is all right. I have had five years experience in California and any chance that may offer here I am on hand, in fact the pioneer."
Ten Eyck also briefly describes his experiences in British Columbia during the recent Fraser River Gold Rush: "It is as hot as blazes [in Guaymas]. I feel it more perhaps than others just having come from a northern country, as the year past I have been at Vancouver's Island & British Columbia. You of course heard of the Fraser River excitement. I was almost the first of the many thousands that rushed to that cold country. It did not prove as profitable as was anticipated, still it paid me very well, as I was able after nine months hard work to leave with a five hundred more than I took with me."
In the end Ten Eyck gives his assessment of the qualities of the women he has encountered in Guaymas, "beautiful, full of life and spirit", "very positive to us Americans" etc. A very interesting important letter, with provocative views on Mexico and a bit of information on one American's experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
O.B. Throop was the owner of the only drug store in the county which still exists today as the Schoharie pharmacy, and a Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Albany and Schoharie plank road (1862).


Copies Or Extracts of Correspondence Relative to the Discovery of Gold in the Fraser's River District, in British North America. Presented to Both Houses of Parliament By Command of Her Majesty. July 2, 1858.

London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1858. First Edition. Folio. 18 pp. With a hand coloured folding lithographed map of the "Reconnaissance of Fraser's River from Fort Hope to the Forks" by John Arrowsmith. Recent navy quarter morocco with cloth boards. A very good copy.
"This fundamental document on the gold discovery on the Fraser River is the basis for practically all the guides and other pamphlets written on that famous gold rush. The document consists of thirteen items and an appendix, in addition to the map. Included are correspondence from and to Governor Douglas, and a Copy of a Despatch from Secretary Sir. E. Bulwer Lytton to Governor Douglas" (Streeter 3405); Lowther 67; TPL 3814.


[CHARCOT, Jean-Baptiste] (1867-1936)
[Charcot French Antarctic Expedition: Collection of Seventy-Five Glass Stereo Positive Slides Showing Images from the Charcot French Antarctic Expedition with the Ship Français Which Explored the West Coast of Graham Land, Antarctica from 1904 until 1905].

Graham Land, Antarctica, 1904-1905. Seventy-five glass stereo positive slides, each ca. 4,5x11 cm (1 ¾ x 4 ¼ in). The glass stereo positive slides are generally in very good condition and housed in a period wooden box. A very good collection.
The generally strong images of these stereoview slides of this early land exploration of the Antarctic continent show the Antarctic terrain, caves, ice bergs, camp life, scientific studies and activities, penguins and the ship 'Francais.'
"Jean-Baptiste Charcot was appointed leader of the French Antarctic Expedition with the ship Français which explored the west coast of Graham Land from 1904 until 1905. The expedition reached Adelaide Island in 1905 and took pictures of the Palmer Archipelago and Loubet Coast. They roughly surveyed the SW coast of Anvers Island in 1904.., [Then] Loubet Land was explored in January 1905 and named after Émile Loubet, the then President of France.., Logistics support for this expedition was provided by the Argentine Navy, employing the legendary corvette ARA Uruguay"(Wikipedia). "Charcot returned to a hero's welcome. The expedition had lost not a single life, almost a thousand miles of coast had been charted, and the first accurate map of the western archipelago of Graham Land had been compiled" (Howgego 1850-1940, Polar Regions C8).


DUPETIT-THOUARS, Abel Aubert, Vice Admiral (1793-1864)
[Autograph Note Signed 'A. Du Petit Thouars" Advising His Correspondent to Arrive at the Ministry of the Navy the Next Day with His Hydrographic Album].

Paris, 6 October 1845. Large Quarto bifolium (ca. 27x20,5 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on paper, text in French. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
A short note by Du Petit Thouars, who played an important part in France’s annexation of the French Polynesia. Dupetit Thouars informs the addressee that according to the letter from the Minister of the Navy, he has to come to the cabinet of the Minister tomorrow at 11:30 in the morning with his ‘hydrographic album’.
Abel Aubert Dupetit Thouars became "Capitaine de vaisseau" on 6 January 1834, and accomplished a circumnavigation between 1836 and 1839 on the Venus. In 1834 he played a key role in protecting French shipping interests against the Peruvians. In 1841 as the commander of the French naval squadron in the Pacific, Dupetit Thouars occupied the Marquesas and a year later signed a protectorate treaty with Tahitian queen Pomare IV. This lead to the confrontation with English missionary and consul in Tahiti, George Pritchard (1796-1883) who was expelled in 1844, and a French protectorate was proclaimed in Tahiti. Dupetit Thouars “was initially denounced for his actions by the French government, which feared a conflict with Great Britain. Relations between France and Great Britain soured considerably during the reign of Louis-Philippe, due to this "Pritchard Affair" (Wikipedia). Dupetit-Thouars became a vice admiral in 1846 and retired in 1858.


CHARLES, John, Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (d. 1849)
[Autograph Letter Signed to Alexander Christie, Chief Factor of the York Factory, Reporting of the Athabasca Brigade’s Affairs Before Leaving Norway House to Fort Chipewyan for the Season].

Norway House, 1 August 1830. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 3 pp. Addressed, sealed and docketed on the last blank page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, otherwise a very good legible letter.
An interesting letter from John Charles, a leader of the Hudson’s Bay Company’s Athabasca Brigade and Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (1830-1834), written on the eve of the brigade’s departure to the interior for the winter trade. The letter is addressed to Alexander Christie (1792-1872), chief factor of the York Factory, subsequently considered one of the most influential factors of the Hudson’s Bay Company.
Charles reports on the departure of the Athabasca Brigade, as well as conditions and supplies at Norway House: “We have now nearly made an end of our Business here and expect to move off at the latest in a Day or so. Our four Boats for Athabasca were away Yesterday with an Ample Supply for the Season to meet all Demands. The Goods forwarded by Messrs. Meler & Hargrave for the Men’s Equipment were most ample <…> the Men appear quite Satisfied with these Advances, which are the best they ever got.”He hopes that when “the Athabasca Brigade will henceforth return from the Plain [?], if we could have a Building of some kind erected for transacting our Business it will be of great Advantage, for at present the want of Sufficient Room even to make a temporary Shop, creates much Inconvenience, and I may add not a little Confusion. I would also be obliged to you to give Orders to have the Boats built for us at this Place, for the New Boats brought from the other Places we generally get the Worst.” Charles reports that “in order to prevent too much of some Articles and too little of others being forwarded for Men’s Equipment next Spring, I have made out a Requisition, both for Advances and Outfit, which if it can be complied with will be fully Sufficient.” He also complains of hard conditions on the Winter Road, resulting in sickness and injury among the Indian accompanying the brigade. Overall a very interesting informative letter.


[Historically Interesting Archive Documenting the Re-establishment after the End of the First World War of the German New Guinea Company Plantations by the Former German New Guinea Governor, Dr. Hahl in Guatamala as the Guatemala Plantations Limited].

1921-1926. Some very minor wear and staining but overall the documents are in very good condition.
The archive includes: 1) A five page letter (28 x 22.5 cm) in German to Kurt Kuhn from Dr. Hahl dated 16 June 1925 on Neu Guinea Compagnie letterhead discussing various matters related to the acquisition and running of the Kolube plantation in Guatemala; 2) A typescript letter (27 x 21 cm) in German from Kurt Kuhn to Dr. Hahl dated the 18 June 1925 discussing the amount of Kuhn's share in the Kolube plantation; 3) A two page typescript document (27 x 21 cm) in German dated 5th November 1921 detailing the exact compensation the German colonial administration paid Kurt Kuhn for the plantations that were confiscated in New Guinea; 4) A short pencil note (14 x 21 cm) in German from Kuhn to Hahl dated 18 June [1925] about the compensation suggestion by the German colonial administration; 5) A copy of a three page typescript letter (27 x 21 cm) in German to Dr. Hahl dated the 17 June 1925 about the compensation agreement; 6) A two page letter (28 x 22.5 cm) in German to Kurt Kuhn from Dr. Hahl dated 19 June 1925 on Neu Guinea Compagnie letterhead discussing various matters related to the Kolube plantation in Guatemala. A copy of two page letter (28 x 22.5 cm) in German to Kurt Kuhn from Dr. Hahl dated 20 June 1925 on Neu Guinea Compagnie letterhead discussing various matters related to the Kolube plantation in Guatemala; 7) A two page letter (28 x 22.5 cm) in German to Kurt Kuhn from Dr. Hahl dated 20 June 1925 on Neu Guinea Compagnie letterhead discussing various matters related to the Kolube plantation in Guatemala; 8) A copy of a three page letter (28 x 22.5 cm) in German to Dr. Hahl from Kurt Kuhn dated 12 August 1925 discussing various matters related to the Kolube plantation in Guatemala; 9) A copy of a one page letter (28 x 22.5 cm) in German on Guatemala Plantations Limited letterhead from Kurt Kuhn to Dr. Hahl dated 15 June 1926 discussing the coffee harvest in Guatemala and the necessary funds required to continue the plantation; 10) The signed contract (31 x 21cm) in German making Kurt Kuhn director of the Neu Guinea Compagnie dated 25 July 1925; 11) eight mounted and captioned silver gelatin photographs each ca. 8.5 14.5 cm (3 ½ x 6 in) showing Guatemala and the plantation; 12) an eight page service agreement (31 x 21cm) in English dated 8 October 1926 making Kurt Kuhn local director of the Guatemala Plantations Limited; 13) A six page recent typescript (30 x 21 cm) in German by Karl Baumann describing the historical background.
"Dr. Albert Hahl (1868-1945) was a German colonial administrator. In 1897, he was acting Landeshauptmann of the German New Guinea Company and from 1902 to 1919, was Governor of German New Guinea. In 1903 he founded the town of Rabaul which became the capital of the colony" (Wikipedia). Kurt Albert Kuhn (1885-1964) was the director of the Neu Guinea Companie from 1914-1921.


[Collection of Seven Original Mounted Photographs of German New Guinea and one Photogravure Postcard].

Ca. 1896. With six silver gelatin and one albumen print ca. 21x15 cm (8 ½ x 6 in) and slightly smaller. Some images with minor marginal tears and some bending and creasing of corners but overall a very good collection.
The seven attractive images include: German sailors and natives in Madjuro; Native women at Madjuro; German Sailors at Jervis Bay 19 IV 96; Two views of most likely Rabaul, one with German sailors riding along the main road; A native chief from Jaliut (Marschall Islands); A naked native girl. "German New Guinea was the first part of the German colonial empire. It was a protectorate from 1884 until 1914 when it fell to Australian forces following the outbreak of the First World War. It consisted of the northeastern part of New Guinea and several nearby island groups. The mainland part of German New Guinea and the nearby islands of the Bismarck Archipelago and the North Solomon Islands are now part of Papua New Guinea" (Wikipedia).


[German Imperial Naval Officer's Photo Album of 28 Original Photographs of German Samoa] [With:] Two other photographs and four postcards]

Ca. 1905. Oblong Folio (30x41 cm). 5 stiff card leaves. With 24 silver gelatin and 4 albumen mounted prints of German Samoa ranging in size from 19x24 cm (7 ½ x 9 ½ in) to 15x11 cm (6 x 4 ½ in). Period Burgundy gilt tooled diced half sheep with brown and black patterned cloth boards. A couple images with minor marginal damage but overall a very good album.
The 28 photographs of German Samoa include strong images of: the Officer's ship "Jaguar," a captioned group portrait of the officers of the Jaguar, landscapes, natives on a farm, native villages, natives on board the "Jaguar," native costumes, Apai from the ship, native festivals and ceremonies, native chiefs, "Crater Lake, Lanutoo," eruption and damage caused by Mount Matavanu in 1905 etc.
"German Samoa was a German protectorate from 1900 to 1914, consisting of the islands of Upolu, Savai'i, Apolima and Manono, now wholly within the independent state Samoa, formerly Western Samoa. Samoa was the last German colonial acquisition in the Pacific basin, received following the Tripartite Convention signed at Washington on 2 December 1899 with ratifications exchanged on 16 February 1900. It was the only German colony in the Pacific, aside from the Kiautschou concession in China, that was administered separately from German New Guinea" (Wikipedia).


RYDER, Sir Alfred Phillips (1820-1888)
[Period Copy of Two Official Documents “Reporting circumstances attending Her Majesty’s Ship Hero touching the ground,” Submitted to Vice Admiral Alexander Milne, Commander-in-Chief].

HMS Hero, Halifax, 14 October 1862. Folio (ca. 32x21,5 cm). 10 pp. On six leaves, glued together. Brown ink on blue paper. Fold marks, minor tears on extremities, outer leaves soiled at edges, but overall a very good manuscript.
Detailed official report of the curcumstances of HMS Hero touching the ground while entering the Chebucto Bay (Halifax harbour) on a foggy day of 14 October 1862. The ship’s captain, Alfred Ryder gave a detailed report to his commander, Vice Admiral Alexander Milne (1806-1896) about the difficult weather and the ship’s course chosen for the passage into the Chebucto Bay. The account gives a good description of the navigational hazards found on the approach to the bay: “Your orders were that I should be with your Flag today. I was desirous of being punctual. For a steamer to remain outside a harbor in Nova Scotia, because the weather is foggy, would, as all navigators on these waters are well aware, result in their remaining at sea for days, and sometimes weeks, after the day ordered for their return, and as there are no good land marks, the runs by Patent log, confirmed by Sounding, must be vainly depended on, even in the occasional clearing of the fog. <…> The extent of the injury appears to be very slight. There are two slight weeps, discovered by careful search in the Fore magazine, and one further forward, but whether arising from the accident, or not we are not certain <…> In conclusion I beg to state that I have commanded four of H.M. Ships in the West Indies, the Baltic, the Mediterranean and Black Sea, and necessarily for many years, and that this is the first occasion on which any one of these has touched the shore…”
The report is supplemented with the “Statement in compliance with Printed Instructions, part 3, p. 160 regarding the circumstances attending H.M.S. Hero striking the ground off the Harbour of Halifax, Nova Scotia, at 3.5. p.m., Tuesday, the 14 Oct. 1862;” the original statement is signed by Ryder and the ship’s master J. Sullivan.
“Admiral of the Fleet Sir Alfred Phillips Ryder KCB joined the Royal Navy in 1833. He was the captain of the HMS Dauntless in 1853-1857, of HMS Hero since 1862; Comptroller of the Coastguard in 1863-1866, Second in Command of the Channel Squadron, Naval attaché in Paris; Commander-in-Chief of the China Station in 1874, Commander-in-Chief, in Portsmouth in 1879. He was decorated with the award of Knight, Order of the Medjidie and gained the rank of Admiral of the Fleet” (Wikipedia).


53. [HAWAII]
[Photo Album of 127 Original Photographs of Hawaii].

Ca. 1925. With nineteen larger silver gelatin prints each ca. 12,5x18 cm (5x7 in) and 108 silver gelatin prints each ca. 10x15 cm (4x6 in). A few photos in duplicate. Period brown patterned cloth "housh tube" album. One photograph damaged and some mildly faded but overall a very good album.
The interesting images show Hawaiian farming & plantations, fishing, dancing, ceremonies, vegetation, domestic scenes, canoeing, the Queen's Palace, volcanoes and lava fields, Kilauea Military Camp, Natural Park - Hilo & other Hilo scenes, Diamond Head, Muki Falls, Wailuku Falls, Waimea Canyon - Maui, Coconut Island, Kaneohe Bay - Oahu, Halewa -Oahu, Waikiki Beach - Honolulu, Outrigger club, N.G.H. Armoury - Honolulu, Kaneohe Fish Ponds -Oahu, Waimea Canyon - Oahu, Country Club Nuaanu Pali, Canal - Hilo, Lahaina - Maui, Old Stone Church - Honolulu, Summer Camp Hauula, Kahana Bay and many others.


LILLINGSTON, Luke (1653-1713)
Reflections on Mr. Burchet's Memoirs: Or Remarks on His Account of Captain Wilmot's Expedition to the West-Indies.

London, 1704. First Edition. Octavo. [xviii], 171 pp. Period dark brown blind stamped panelled full calf, re-backed in style with red gilt label. Cover corners worn, otherwise a very good copy.
"Lillingstone's battalion took part in Robert Wilmot's expedition to Jamaica in 1695, sent in response to alarmist reports that the island had fallen to France. In reality, French forces under Du Casse, based in Hispaniola, had simply raided Jamaica, although much property had been destroyed. Wilmot and Lillingstone attacked the French-held section of Hispaniola in ill-conceived and poorly co-ordinated operations, failing to dislodge Du Casse from the south of the island. Wilmot died late in 1695 but, when Lillingstone returned to England in 1696, he submitted to the council of trade and plantations a scathing indictment of Wilmot's conduct. At the root of the problem was a clash of personalities resulting in a failure of army-navy co-operation. Lillingstone's weakened battalion was disbanded in 1697 and he was reduced to half-pay until 1705, although he was compensated by the retrospective grant of a pension of £200 by Queen Anne on 9 March 1702. In 1702 Lillingstone published an account of the Hispaniola operations and his reputation was further damaged by the rejoinder of Josiah Burchett, secretary of the Admiralty" (Oxford DNB). "Burchett evidently made some unfavorable remarks concerning Col. Lillingston's conduct in the West Indian Naval operations during 1694-97, and in this work the Colonel gives further particulars concerning the expeditions against Martinique and St. Domingo in which he was in command of the landing parties" (Cox II, p438).
"Colonel Lillingston was Lieutenant-Colonel of Colonel Ffoulkes’s regiment of foot in the Martinique expedition in February to October, 1693. His brother, Jarvis Lillingston, an officer of Gustavus Hamilton’s (20th) foot, was made Major in Ffoulkes’s, and died on the expedition. Colonel Ffoulkes also died on the expedition, and Luke Lillington obtained the colonelcy. The expedition miscarried, and Lillingston’s regiment was put on board the homeward-bound men-of-war at Newfoundland and Boston to supply the place of seamen. The regiment, 670 strong, was broken at Plymouth by order of Lord Cutts, and reformed with six hundred men of the regiment and six hundred of Colt, Norcott, and Farrington (29th foot), in December, 1694, and embarked as a reinforcement for Jamaica in January, 1695. That island, still suffering from the effects of the Port Royal earthquake of 1602, had been harried by buccaneering attacks from the French settlement in Hispaniola (St. Domingo). A naval squadron, under Captain Robert Wilmot, with Lillingston’s troops on board, acting in concert with the Spaniards, took and destroyed the French port of Porto Paix, Hispaniola. Thereupon the English troops withdrew to Jamaica, and Governor William Beeston reported that Lillingston’s regiment was so weak and sickly that he had to send them into the country for change of air. Lillingston went home to recruit, and made various claims on the Government. His regiment disappeared from the rolls on the peace of Ryswick, and he published this reply to Burchett’s account of the Porto Paix affair, to which Burchett issued a rejoinder." (Maggs Catalogue (Publ. 1928); Sabin 41072.


[Period Copy of Three Documents, on one Bifolium, Related to the Service of Jonathan May, as Carpenter on HMS Beagle, Actaeon and America in 1828 – ca. 1850s].

Ca. 1850s. Folio (ca. 32,5x20,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on watermarked bluish paper. Docketed in ink “Services of Mr. Jonathan May (carpenter)” on the last blank page. Fold marks, paper slightly soiled, occasional pencil corrections in text, overall a very good document.
19th century manuscript giving some interesting details of the first voyage of the HMS Beagle to Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego (1826-1830). The manuscript contains copies of three documents related to the service of naval carpenter Jonathan May on HMS Beagle and other British naval ships: May’s appeal apparently to the Admiralty asking for a pension for his wife based on his service as an Acting Carpenter on HMS Beagle since 5 March 1828; a “Copy of an Acting Warrant from Com. Philip P. King, HMS Adventure, Appointing Mr. Jonathan May Acting Carpenter of HMS Beagle” (dated HMS “Adventure,” Port Famine, 5 March 1828), and “Services rendered by Mr. Jonathan May Carpenter, when serving onboard ‘Beagle,’ ‘Actaeon’ and ‘America.’ ”
An abstract from Philip P. King’s Acting Warrant: “The Carpenter of H.M. Surveying Vessel Beagle being invalided You are hereby required and directed to take upon yourself the charge and employment of Carpenter of the said vessel and fulfil the duties of that station on board her accordingly…”
An abstract from the “Services rendered by Jonathan May…”: “During the time I was employed in the Beagle she was several times on shore <…> On running into Providence Bay in the Western end of the Straits of Magellan, in a heavy gale of wind, she struck on a reef, and carried away her false keel, and injured he gripe very severely, she was met with a heavy “Pampero” in the River Plate, and lost every thing to the lower mast heads, and obliged us to put into an adjacent Bay, and refit the ship with our own resources. I also built 7 boats for her, to replace others lost and worn out <…> Captain Fitzroy of the Beagle purchased a schooner of 175 tons to assist in the surveying duties, which I refitted and equipped as a Man of War, together with several other small schooners in a more temporary manner during my service on board the Beagle.”


[Two receipts issued by the HBC to Mr. W. Wootton [?] for Rum, Sherry and Ale bought in the Victoria Store]: Bought of the Hudson’s Bay Co...

Victoria, V.I., 21 and 28 October 1859. Printed receipts on pale blue lined paper completed in brown ink. First receipt ca. 17x20 cm (half legal size), signed by C. Thorne and J.W. McKay; second receipt ca. 33,5x20 cm (full legal size), signed by J.W. McKay. Fold marks, otherwise the receipts are in very good condition.
Rare Hudson’s Bay Company receipts on the forms of its Victoria store. The receipt from 21 October is for Sherry and Ale, and is signed by famous fur trader and HBC associate Joseph William McKay (1829-1900); with manuscript text on verso: “David Cameron, Receipt HBC $ 30.50, 21st October 1859”. The receipt from 28 October lists two gallons of rum, signed by the store associate Cornelius Thorne; and two gallons of sherry - signed by Joseph McKay; with manuscript text on verso “David Cameron HBC $ 10.40, Oct 28th 1859”.
McKAY, Joseph William, fur trader, explorer, businessman, politician, jp, and office holder; he worked for the Hudson’s Bay Company for over 30 years (1844-1878). Mackay took part in negotiations with Indians near Fort Victoria, explored the Cowichan and Comox valleys, took possession of the coalfields of Nanaimo for the HBC; established sawmills; administered auriferous Thompson’s river district, Fort Yale, managed a salmon cannery et al. In 1856-59 he was a representative of the Victoria District in the First House of Assembly of Vancouver Island (see more: Dictionary of Canadian Biography on-line).


[Collection of 185 Celluloid Negative Slides and Eight Glass Negative Slides Taken during the 1932 Cambridge Expedition to the Vatnajökull Ice Cap in Iceland].

Ca. 1932. 185 celluloid negative slides, including 107 large ones, ca. 8x11 cm (3 1/8 x 4 ¼ in), and 78 smaller ones, ca. 6x9 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ½ in); with 8 glass slides of the same size as the smaller slides. All slides in the original paper or parchment paper envelopes numbered in ink in the upper corners. Housed in a period card box. Overall a very good collection.
Historically important collection of original negative slides taken during the Cambridge expedition to the Vatnajökull ice cap in southeastern Iceland in June-August 1932. The main goal of the expedition was “to make a double crossing of the ice cap by sledge and ski, and to carry out a geographical and biological survey of two areas: one in the central Odadahraun desert north of Vatnajökull, and the other in the narrow coastal strip between the ice cap and the sea on the south coast” (Roberts, B.B. The Cambridge Expedition to Vatnajokull, June-August 1932/ Notes// Cambridge Mountaineering. 1934).
The expedition was supported by the Scott Polar Research Institute and included B. B. Roberts from Emmanuel College (ornithologist) and leader), F. W. Anderson from the University College, Southampton (geologist and zoologist), J. A. Beckett from Sidney Sussex, Cambridge (surveyor), P. Falk from King's College (botanist), W. L. S. Fleming from Trinity Hall (geologist), and W. V. Lewis from Caius College (seismologist and surveyor). The expedition arrived in Iceland aboard the trawler “Lord Balfour of Burleigh,” landing at Höfn, Hornafjordur in the southeast of the island. The transportation of the expedition equipment to the edge of ice was carried out with the use of ponies, later all cargo was dragged up by the expedition members on specially prepared Norwegian sledges. The expedition crossed Vatnajökull in a little bit over than two weeks, surveyed the central desert and discovered and mapped a new mountain range on the northern side of the ice cap, rising to a height of 5,600 ft.; it was named Kverkfjoll Eystri (Eastern Gorge Mountain).
The slides document the whole expedition, starting from the outward journey aboard the trawler “Lord Balfour of Burleigh;” the images show the trawler and scenes on board, the landing at Höfn, Hornafjordur, movement with the ponies up the grassy river valleys, sledging across the Vatnajökull, several base camps, expedition members skiing, pulling sledges, surveying, resting, et al. A group of one glass slide and three celluloid ones represent a panoramic view of the Kverkfjoll mountain range discovered by the expedition – the first photographic image of this part of the Vatnajökull ice cap. A number of slides depict various views of the ice cap, glaciers, rivers, waterfalls et al. There is also an interesting image of the expedition members pulling their sledges and dressed in oilskins and sou’wester hats due to heavy rain and fog. A series of seven glass slides reproduce original drawings done by Frederic William Anderson during the expedition – humorous portraits of the members, skiing scenes, an illustration to an Icelandic saga and others. Overall a very interesting important collection.


[Two Detailed Manuscript Testimonials of a Voyage of the Merchant brig Jane to the West Indies in 1780, and the Circumstances of Her Shipwreck during the Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane, Notarially Certified in Montego Bay and London; With a Period Copy of Jane’s Portledge Bill for 1781].

Montego Bay (Jamaica) - London, 1780-1781. Three Folio Manuscripts (ca. 44x28 cm, ca. 40x26 cm and ca. 36,5x22 cm) folded to Octavos. 3, 1 and 3 pp each. Each brown ink on watermarked laid paper, each docketed on the last blank page. Two signed by deponents and notaries, one with two tax stamps and a notarial seal. Fold marks, but overall very good and legible documents.
Interesting collection of three original manuscripts revealing the story of the voyage of British merchant brig Jane to the West Indies in 1780 and her experience of the Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane on 3 October 1780, during which she was considerably damaged and a large part of her cargo was lost. The documents include an affidavit, compiled in Montego Bay (Jamaica) on 10 January 1781 and signed by Jane’s Commander James Jones, first mate William Barrey and boatswain Sever Brown. The affidavit was witnessed before Samuel Mottershed, Esq., a Justice for the parish of Saint James; and certified by Ralph Montague, Notary Public in Montego Bay (St. James parish, Cornwall County, Jamaica). The other document is a notarially certified “Declaration of a protest”, compiled after Jane’s return to Britain. The document is signed by James Jones and William Barrey and certified by a London notary on 31 August 1781. The last document is a period copy of Jane’s portledge bill, for the period from 30 January to September 1781, listing twenty-six crew members (including captain), their station, length of service, and amount of wages due and paid.
The affidavit and declaration of protest give a detailed account of Jane’s voyage to the Caribbean and the circumstances of her damage during the notorious Savanna-la-Mar Hurricane which struck Montego Bay where Jane had been moored, on 3 October 1780. Jane arrived to Kingston from London on 1 August 1780, under the escort of HMS Thunderer and other men-of-war; later that month she sailed for the Black River where she received a cargo of logwood, mahogany and pimento. In Montego Bay she was additionally loaded with sugar and rum. Whilst there Jane experienced a severe storm, and in spite of the attempt to find asylum in the mouth of the Great River, the brig drag both anchors and was driven to a reef where she was struck against the rocks many times. The ship was a wreck and couldn’t be taken off the reef for another three weeks. The cargo, anchors and guns were reloaded in order to lighten the ship, and when the time came to reload, it turned out that a large part of the cargo had been “washed about the beach owing to sundry gales of wind <…> and many pieces buried in the sand.” In spite of the “utmost endeavours” some part of cargo were never recovered.
Jane returned to Montego Bay on 27 January 1781 and on 17 March left the West Indies for London, in a convoy of ninety merchantmen, protected by HMS Edmont Graffton, Trident Bristol and Endymion. The long, five-month return trip was perilous, with her taking “a great deal of water <…> so as to keep the pump almost constantly going.” The next day after arrival the captain filed the present declaration of protest at the office of a London notary which solemnly stated: “I do protest against the Seas and bad weather, and particularly against the Violent Hurricane which the said Ship met with in Jamaica when taking on board her said Cargo as above mentioned for all Loss and Damage happened to the said Brig and Cargo;” he declared “that when the said Brig begun to take in her said Cargo at Jamaica aforesaid She was tight Staunch and Strong <…> and provided with all things needful for such a Brig and Voyage. That as well During the time the said Brig was on Shore in Jamaica as aforesaid, as at all other times, he this appearer and the Rest of the said Brig’s Company Exorted [sic!] themselves to the utmost of their Power and used their utmost Endeavours to preserve the said Brig and Cargo from Damage, so that what Loss and Damage hath happened to the said Brig and Cargo was intirely [sic!] occasioned by the means aforesaid and not through any insufficiency in the said Brig neglect of him appearer or any of his mariners.”


RIKERT, JAMES H., Union Soldier
[Autograph Letter Signed "Jas. H. Rikert" About the News of the Recent Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln].

Louisville, KY, 24 April 1865. Octavo bifolium (ca. 20x12,5 cm). Brown ink on laid paper with the printed letterhead of "Brown U.S.A. General Hospital." With the original envelope addressed to Mrs. Margaret Seymour, with ink and paper postal stamps. Mild fold marks, paper age toned, otherwise a very good letter.
A very moving letter by a Union soldier apparently to his fiancée, Mrs. Margaret Seymour from East Saginaw, Michigan, on receiving the news of Lincoln's death. The letter was written ten days after Lincoln had been shot by John Booth on 14 April 1865. "We have had a terrible time and a sorrowful one too. I was down town, on the day before the news of the murder came, attending a glorification in honor of our successes, and the prospect of a speedy peace. I came back much elated and was sanguine of the war soon being over and coming home soon. I had just commenced work [at the military printing office which he was in charge of], when one of the clerks came in and told me that the President and Secretary had been assassinated. I told him he was joking, but he affirmed it, and I could see by his looks that he was in earnest, and [?] the newsboy came in and my worst fears were realized. As soon as the President's death was announced our flag was lowered at half mast amid the tears and groans of both soldiers and officers. The band played a wailing tune beneath the flag and [?] were fired from the fort until sundown."


[Collection of Period Manuscript Copies of the Official Papers Compiled by Various Citizens of the City of Manzanillo, Cuba, Describing its History, Politics, and Topography].

[Manzanillo, ca. 1822]. Folio (ca. 31,5x21,5 cm). [49] leaves disbound from a stub. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, legible handwriting in Spanish. Paper age toned, with light soiling and wear, some ink bleed; old stab holes in left margin. Overall a very good document.
Extensive collection of period manuscript copies of several important documents, compiled by various citizens of the port city of Manzanillo, located in the Granma Province of eastern Cuba, on the Gulf of Guacanayabo near the delta of the Cauto River. The documents include copies of petitions and contracts and contain important information on the history, politics, and economic development of Manzanillo. The notes relate to the city port upgrades, construction of sugar refineries, improvement of defense, Manzanillo’s natural resources and geography, and the further development of agriculture and commerce in the area. The city’s proximity to Santiago and the island of Jamaica are noted and described as an advantage for further developing the town, which at that time had twelve streets, 388 houses, and a population of about 2,700 people. The purpose of the petitions seems to be in the achievement of greater municipal autonomy and authority.
There is a copy of the census made by Miguel Fernandez, dated Dec. 2, 1819, which is broken down according to race, and whether the people in question were slaves or freemen. The document also relates a tale of six enemy insurgent ships landing and attacking the towns people, who successfully repelled them, on Oct. 7, 1819. It is asserted that these invaders were English – possibly some of the many English filibusterers, unemployed at the end of the Napoleonic Wars, who sailed for South America to participate in the revolutions underway there at that time. The document closes with the signature of Jose Imbluzqueta, Secretary, and a note dated March 5, 1822.


[OLIVE OF CUMBERLAND, PRINCESS], SERRES [née WILMOT] Olivia [alias Princess Olive of Cumberland] (1772–1834)
[Official Printed Letter to the “President of Trinity College &c, &c, &c, Cambridge” Regarding the Princess’ Invention – “North and South Compass”]: To the Naval and Maritime Officers of Great Britain.., to ascertain the cause of the Mariner’s Compasses in modern use having so greatly vacillated in the Arctic regions..,

[London, 29 August 1828]. On a folded leaf, size when folded: Quarto (ca. 24x19 cm). 1 p. With a hand written address, postal stamps and the princess’ wax seal on the last page. Manuscript text on the same page (probably written by the princess): “With the Princess Olive’s respects for the Knowledge of the University of Oxford”. Fold marks, paper aged, minor chip on the last page caused by opening, otherwise a very good document.
The letter addressed to all naval and maritime officers of Great Britain presents Princess Olive’s invention – North and South Compass “adapted for each side of the Equator; such being upon an entire new principle, and different to any compasses hitherto made, have been appointed of by the highest scientific and naval characters”. She “has been enabled, through her philosophical researches, to ascertain the cause of the Mariner’s Compasses in modern use having so greatly vacillated in the Arctic regions. The Princess Olive also has discovered, that a distinct and separate Mariner’s Compass is required in the North West and South East passages of the Ocean”. The Princess expresses hope that her inventions “which, in all their bearings, will be found so importantly useful to Mariners in general, will experience the patronage of the naval world”. At the end follows the schedule of public presentation of the models which will take place at the Princess’ residence, “No. 2, Park Row, Mills Buildings, Knightsbridge”.
Not much is known about this “invention” which most likely was a way to establish the Princess’ social status or to pay off some debts. An article with similar content has been published in the Morning Herald (1 August 1828). Although our letter is addressed to the President of the Cambridge Trinity College, the handwritten text expresses “Princess Olive’s respects for the knowledge of the University of Oxford” [sic!].
Olivia Serres, a British painter and writer, was also known as an impostor, who claimed the title of Princess Olive of Cumberland.
“Born Olivia Wilmot, a daughter of a house painter Robert Wilmot, she married John Thomas Serres (1759-1825), marine painter to George III, in 1791. Financially reckless, she was several times imprisoned for debt. In 1817 she wrote a letter to the Prince Regent, claiming that she was the natural daughter of Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland by Mrs. Olive Payne (who was her actual aunt). In 1821, she had herself rebaptized as the daughter of the Duke of Cumberland at Islington Church, and "announced" her parentage in several letters to the newspapers and in pamphlets. The same year, however, she was arrested again for debt and placed in the King's Bench Prison. She appealed to the public for contributions, placing posters reading "The Princess of Cumberland in Captivity!" all over London, and publishing, in 1822, further details of her claims.
Olive managed to persuade Sir Gerard Noel, a Member of Parliament, to make inquiry into her claims, but by this time the royal family was fighting back. In 1823 Sir Robert Peel, then Home Secretary, speaking in parliament, responded to Noel's speech in Olive's favour with a denunciation of her documents as forgeries and her story as a fabrication. It was concluded that her claims were false, but Olive escaped prosecution for forgery. Olive continued to have economical problems and was for the rest of her life in and out of debtors' prisons” (Wikipedia).


COLOMB, Joseph, Captain
[Two Autograph Letters Signed to Vice-Admiral Le Blanc and Admiral Guy-Victor Duperre discussing Colomb's Desire to be Sent to Serve France in the Marquesas Islands].

Both Rochefort, 27 and 28 December 1849. Each Large Octavo (ca. 25,5 x 19,5 cm). Each 2 pp. Brown ink on laid paper. Mild fold marks and creases, otherwise very good letters.
Two interesting letters giving an early mention of the French rule on the Marquesas Islands. The author, most likely addressing Vice-Admiral Le Blanc, Maritime Prefect of the Rochefort’s port, and Admiral Guy-Victor Duperré (1775-1846), tries to convince them to grant him an officer position in the French garrison on the Marquesas.
“Out of three regiments, of all adjutant captains, who live in France, I am one of the most senior officers, who has never been in the service in the colonies. Admiral, possibilities to go at war are very rare in the naval infantry, you may let me at least expose myself to some perils once my turn has come, and as I am entitled to it by right.” [from the letter to Le Blanc]
“In 1839, when you were the Minister of the Navy, it was in the most favourable manner that you welcomed a request of mine about a transfer from infantry regiments to the navy regiments <…> Admiral, that notable preferential treatment of yours makes me look for any opportunity to bring out greater services. A battalion has just been assigned to garrison in the Marquesas Islands. For a reason I cannot fathom out and contrary to orders, a captain adjutant-major, whose departure should not precede mine, has been appointed to join that battalion. I hold the most senior-ranking position of all adjutant-majors living in France and who have never served in the colonies. Either that right has been forgotten or it is not very well known. Admiral, the kindness you expressed in 1839 lets me hope that still today relying on your benevolent protection, I might get from the ministry a right of recall. Admiral Le Blanc, Rochefort's port admiral, to whom I forwarded my complaint through official channels, has allowed me to have it recognized.” [from the letter to Duperre].
"The American Maritime Fur Trader Joseph Ingraham first visited the northern Marquesas while commanding the brig Hope in 1791, giving them the name Washington Islands. In 1813, Commodore David Porter claimed Nuku Hiva for the United States, but the United States Congress never ratified that claim, and in 1842, France, following a successful military operation on behalf of a native chief (named Iotete) who claimed to be king of the whole of the island of Tahuata, took possession of the whole group, establishing a settlement (abandoned in 1859) on Nuku Hiva. French control over the group was re-established in 1870, and later incorporated into the territory of French Polynesia" (Wikipedia).


MCCALL, Mary Dickinson
[Autograph Letter Signed Mary Dickinson McCall to her renowned brother George McCall in the 4th Infantry care of the quartermaster in New Orleans, Recounting his Recent Heroism.]

Philadelphia, 15 June [1846]. Quarto (ca. 27x21 cm). Five Pages. Brown ink on light blue very thin wove paper. Address panel with Philadelphia postmark on verso of last leaf. With fold marks and minor wear but overall a very good letter in a legible hand.
George Archibald McCall (1802-1868) was a career Army officer who had just distinguished himself in the Battle of Palo Alto, the first major battle of the Mexican War. Here his sister reports that he was now "decidedly the most distinguished man in the Army, and more talked about in Washington than anyone else." A freshman representative from Mississippi named Jefferson Davis stated on the floor of Congress that McCall's "cool courage did so much to set a noble example before his men... a more gallant spirit never entered the field." McCall went on to serve as a Union general in the Civil War.


WILLIAMS, T. Aide de Camp (1815-1862)
[General Order # 54 Signed by “J. Williams, A.D. Camp,” Informing of the American Success in the Battle of Buena Vista during the Mexican-American War].

Headquarters, Army of U.S., Vergara, before Vera Cruz, 15 March 1847. Octavo (ca. 24x20,5 cm). 1 p. Brown ink on white paper. Written in secretarial hand and signed by T. Williams, docketed on verso. Mild fold marks, old mount residue on verso, otherwise a very good letter.
“The General-in Chief of the Army has received authentic information of a great and glorious victory, obtained by the aims of our country, under the successful Major General Taylor, at Buenavista, near Saltillo, on the 22 and 23 ultimo. The general results were 4,000 of the enemy killed and wounded, against our loss of 700 gallant men. General Santa Ana, on sustaining that overwhelming defeat, is known to have retreated upon San Luis de Potosi, and probably will not stop short of the Capital. The General-in-Chief imparts this glorious news to the army, that all, with him, may participate in the joy that is now spreading itself throughout the breadth of our Land.”
“The Battle of Buena Vista (February 23, 1847), also known as the Battle of Angostura, saw the United States Army use artillery to repulse the much larger Mexican Army in the Mexican-American War. Buena Vista, a village in the state of Coahuila, is seven miles (12 km) south of Saltillo, in northern Mexico. The battle was the last major battle in Northern Mexico. It was Taylor's greatest victory of the war, and his legendary command to Cap. Bragg helped him win election as President of the United States in 1848. Santa Anna was later forced to defend Mexico City against an army under Winfield Scott” (Wikipedia). Thomas Williams was a lieutenant upon signing this note, but later became a Brigadier General in the Union army.


CHARLAND, Louis (1772-1813); CHABOILLER, Louis (1766-1813); RICHARDSON, John (1755?-1831)
[Manuscript Signed Document in French of Charland’s Request for Payment of his Salary at the District of Montreal and Signed by Him, and two Justices of Peace, Chaboiller and Richardson].

[Montreal, at the weekly session of the District de Montreal], 10-11 June 1800. Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm). 1 p., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on watermarked Hayes & Wise paper, docketed on verso of the second leaf. Fold marks, paper age toned, otherwise a very good letter.
Charland was an architect and cartographer and in 1799 became the first road surveyor of Montreal. This document records Charland’s request for and payment of his salary of 50 pounds until June 10th, 1800. The document is also signed by local justices of peace who later became prominent politicians of Lower Canada i.e., Louis Chaboiller (notary, member of the Lower Canadian House of Assembly in 1803-08) and John Richardson (merchant, member of the Legislative Assembly, Executive Councillor of Lower Canada).


PARKER, Alexander
[Extensive and Content Rich Autograph Letter by a Montreal Merchant, Signed “Alexander,” to his Brother Sidney Parker, with the Latest News about the Cholera Epidemic in Montreal, the State of Business and Trade in the City, Recent Drought and the Beginning of the Construction of the Victoria Bridge – the First One to Span the St. Lawrence River].

Montreal, 27 August 1854. Large Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 6 pp. Brown ink on white paper. Fold marks, minor stains on the first page, otherwise a very good letter.
Interesting extensive letter from a British merchant who had recently settled in Montreal, mentioning a number of important news items from the city, e.g. The Canadian cholera epidemic of 1854 which took about 1300 lives in Montreal: “We have had a gloomy summer in Montreal in a great deal of Sickness and much depression in Trade. We have all I mean myself and family have been spared any severe sickness though all have been ill more or less – the Cholera has been very severe and violent carrying off a great number of persons in a short time. The published statement of deaths by Cholera during 5 or 7 weeks in July and August is about 1200 – probably 1600 is much nearer the time mark. It (the Cholera) has been rapidly decreasing for the last 10 days and in fact has happily very nearly disappeared from the city and the country generally.”
Parker also leaves deep and thoughtful comments on the state of trade and business in Montreal, Eastern Canada and even the United States: “Business in Montreal has been paralyzed this summer – not only by Cholera though that is the principal evil, but by the exceptive high price of the necessities of life. <…> The drought is very severe in many parts of Canada and there will be a very short crop. In Upper Canada however there is a good crop of wheat, but corn and potatoes are almost a total failure everywhere. We have had no rain of much consequence for 5 or 6 weeks, in many states the country is literally burning up. The woods on fire and fire extending to fields of grain & even to houses and barns, rail road trucks & even the passenger cars. In some parts of the townships in Northern Vermont & N. Hampshire, also in Maine the fires are doing immense damage. This taking with a certain prospect of scarcity of grain & hay is a sad if not an alarming picture. <…> The expense of living in Montreal is double what it was when we lived in Montreal before…”
“The timber trade in Quebec is good this season, but owing to the great drought & consequent lowness of water in the streams out of which the lumber is to come there is a great amount of timber which cannot be got into the market this year. We have here almost a certain prospect of reciprocity of trade with the States which eventually no doubt will benefit the country <…> We have a new parliament and are to have a new governor shortly & we hope a better government. I am expecting a cage of timber <…> this week to sell on commission and hope to get other consignments from Bytown. My intention was to do a commission business generally, but more particularly in the timber line”.
Parker also describes the early stage of the construction of the first bridge across the St. Lawrence River – Victoria Bridge (built in 1854-1859): “The trade in Montreal is dull enough without much prospect of mending as times are too hard and labour too high. Were it not for the Bridge now building over the St. Lawrence at this place and the Rail Road in course of construction in this vicinity, the place would be dull enough. The capital for the bridge and rail road being for the most part obtained in England the country is benefitting for the undertaking. This Bridge is to be a stupendous and magnificent work. You have an idea of the width of the River just above the town, well imagine an iron tube large enough to admit of a double railway track as well as a common track, built upon immense and massive piles of solid stone masonry, reaching 70 or 80 feet above the surface of the River, elevated and placed upon the top of these piles of masonry of the most possible solidity & durability, extending from shore to shore of the mighty St. Lawrence; and you can have some idea of the magnitude & perhaps cost of the undertaking”.
Overall a very interesting and important letter.


RYLAND, Herman Witsius (1760-1838)
[Autograph Letter Signed “H.W. Ryland” to John Reid, Esq., Clerk of the Peace, Montreal].

Quebec, 13 July 1807. Folio (ca. 32x20,5 cm). 1 p., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on G. Pike laid paper watermarked “1805.” Fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
“The President having been informed that several Deserters from the Frigate now in this Harbour are endeavoring to make their way by land to the United States, his Honor desires you will apprize the Magistrates of Montreal of this Circumstance in order that every legal Means may be taken for apprehending such Seamen should they happen to be met with.”
Ryland came to Canada in 1793 as secretary to Governor-General Carleton, Lord Dorchester, and was civil secretary and clerk of the executive council of Lower Canada. Also he was adviser for several years to Sir James Henry Craig, Governor-in-Chief of Canada (1807-1811).


BARNES, Albert Henry (1876-1920)
[Album of Twenty-four Original Photographs of Mount Rainier National Park, Titled]: Sights and Scenes.

Ca. 1910. Oblong Quarto (21x28,5 cm), 12 stiff card leaves with tissue guards. Large mounted silver gelatin prints, the majority ca. 14x20 cm (5 ½ x 7 ¾ in), with a few smaller ones ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in). Most images with period ink captions, some inscribed in negative on the lower margins. Period black quarter cloth album with dark grey papered boards and a paper title on the front cover. Album slightly soiled and rubbed, but overall a very good album with strong clear images.
This photo album contains photos of the famous park’s landmarks, including distance and close up views of Mt. Rainier, Tatoosh Mountains and Paradise Valley, Mt. Adams, mountainous scenery taken from Beljica Peak and the Saw Tooth Range, views of Nisqually, Paradise and Mashel Rivers, Rainier Fork (a tributary of the American River), Narada Falls of the Paradise River et al; photos of Reflection, Mineral and Clear Lakes; forest sceneries include a picture of a road “3 miles above Elbe,” two portraits of a ranger with a gun posing in front of a large “Fir tree on Roundtop Creek, Lewis Co. Wn. Diam. Over 13 Ft”, and a photo of two hunters carrying a deer.
“Both a photographer and a painter, Albert Henry Barnes photographed the people, the cities and the landscapes of the Pacific Northwest. Well known as both a photographer and an oil painter, he documented images of the landscape, people, and cities and towns of Western Washington around the turn of the 20th century. However, little is known about his life. He apparently operated out of studios both in Parkland and Tacoma. His images appeared in some local newspapers from 1905-1915. He also wrote descriptive articles for photography magazines, railroad publications, and travel books. In 1909, he photographed, wrote and published a work entitled: Sights and scenes from Tacoma to Paradise Park: forty-eight views. In 1911, in collaboration with his friend A.H. Denman, he published his best-known work: "Our Greatest Mountain and Alpine Regions of Wonder". The work contained a number of Barnes landscape photographs, as well as a color reproduction of his painting entitled "Mount Tacoma".
In addition to his publication work, he provided services for the Washington State Historical Society such as documenting commemorative services for some of the historical markers erected by the society. Among the photographs in this collection are images of unidentified homesteaders, early scenes in Mount Rainier National Park, the Columbia River Gorge, hotels and lodges in Western Washington, and scenes of Tacoma” (Albert Henry Barnes Photographs/ Washington University Libraries on-line).


[Album with Thirty Original Photos of the Connaught Barracks in Nanaimo and Its Military Contingent During the WW1].

Ca. 1915-1916. Quarto (ca. 29x23,5 cm). 27 album leaves. With thirty gelatin silver prints ca. 8x13,5 cm (3 x 5 ½ in) or smaller. Period black cloth album fastened with a string, with a gilt lettered title “The Ideal Scrap Book” on the front board. Leaves with the attached photos slightly wavy, several images removed by previous owners, but overall a very good album.
Historically important collection of thirty original photos of the Connaught Barracks in Nanaimo during the WW1 and the troops stationed there, including the 72th Regiment of the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada, and the Canadian Mounted Rifles. The images include group portraits of the officers and soldiers, scenes of military exercises of infantry and artillery troops, reviews and parades et al. Several views show different wooden buildings of the barracks, the main building (former Nanaimo Agricultural Hall), a tent camp nearby, and the Nanaimo Bastion. A very interesting collection of original photos apparently taken by a member of a regiment stationed at the Connaught Barracks.
“In 1911 work started on the Agricultural Hall. It was opened the following year. In 1913 there were sheds to accommodate horses, cows, pigs and sheep on the grounds. By October of 1913 the hall had been turned over to the military to house the Civil Aid Force during the big (miners) strike of 1912-1914. Detachments of troops were still stationed on the site in August, 1914 when World War One started. At this time, the Agricultural Hall was renamed the Connaught Barracks. In 1915, the animal sheds were demolished to build stables for the horses of elements of the Canadian Mounted Rifles stationed at the barracks. By 1917, agricultural shows were once again being held at the site <…>” (Nanaimo Cultural Heritage Newsletter. November 2014, online). Most of the buildings of the Connaught Barracks were demolished in 1957, apart from the single stable building (modern address – the intersection of Machleary and Wentworth Streets).


PALLU DE LA BARRIERE, Léopold Augustine Charles, Rear Admiral (1828-1891)
[Autograph Note Signed ‘Pallu’ Written when he was the Governor of French New Caledonia].

Noumea [New Caledonia], 30 January 1884. Small octavo bifolium (ca. 17,5x11 cm). 1 p. Black ink on watermarked laid paper, text in French. A very good note.
A short note making an appointment by Léopold Augustine Charles Pallu de La Barriere written in Noumea, the capital of the French New Caledonia, during his service there as its governor (29 September 1882 - 22 July 1884).
Pallu de la Barrier was a French naval officer, ‘capitaine de vaisseau’ (1870), rear admiral (1887); he participated in the military actions in the Crimea, China and Cochinchina and was the author of several books including ‘Histoire de L’Expedition de Cochinchine en 1861’ (Paris, 1864). During his governance of New Caledonia, Pallu de la Barriere tried to settle numerous convicts by giving them land concessions and actively employing them for road construction in the interior, and “if he was not absolutely the best, was, at any rate, the most popular Governor who ever administered New Caledonia. While ruling with a firm hand - and it needs a firm hand in Noumea generally - Admiral de la Barriere had a tender spot in his heart, and both peccant officials and obstreperous convicts felt the softness of his official touch at times” (The Colonies and India, 21 February 1891, p. 9). New Caledonia became the French colony in 1853 and is nowadays a special collectivity of France. In the 19th century it was known as a penal colony and a major centre of nickel and gold mining.


D’ESTREES, Jean, Vice Admiral of Ponant (1624-1707)
[Autograph Letter Signed ‘Le Comte d’Estrees’ to Jean Descloreaux, General Intendant of the French Navy in Brest].

On board the Sceptre, 10 July 1692. 1 p. Quarto bifolium (ca. 23x17 cm), addressed and sealed on the 4th page. Text in French. Round hole on the 4th page after opening, not affecting the text, mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
An interesting letter from Jean D’Estrees, an important naval commander of Louis XIV. Written in the aftermath of France’s defeat at the battle of La Hougue (29 May1692) in the Cotentin peninsula, the letter mainly hints at one of Estrees's poorly orchestrated tactical manoeuvres when in charge of a fleet of 45 vessels. Assigned to the protection of the port city of Brest, he chose for an unknown reason to sail out to the Landevenec River and hide his fleet in its meanders. Strongly rebuked by French naval minister Pontchartrain, he finally sailed back to his previous position in the port of Brest.
The letter is addressed to the general intendant of the French navy in Brest and informs him that “I have no doubt that Mr. de Pontchartrain had let you know about the King's intentions regarding the river Landevenec; he does not want these vessels to remain there, so there is no time to waste and leave those vessels stranded in the harbour [...] we will all sail out of here with a silent tide[...] [...] there are manifold of appearances so that within twenty-four hours, we will [...] them in the same order as we were before”. He asks his correspondent to provide the fleet with a few masts and rafts, “please be kind to tow them across to the headland as soon as all ships have sailed out of harbour. We will have to think about getting some seamen to replace the missing ones and hiring new crew members.”
Jean II d'Estrées was a Marshal of France (1681), and an important naval commander of Louis XIV. His aunt was Gabrielle d'Estrées, lover of King Henry IV of France. He joined the navy in 1668, and took part in the campaigns in the Caribbean, and the Franco-Dutch War; he served as the Vice Roy of the New France in 1681-1687.
A letter of D’Estrees also written on board the “Sceptre” (25 July 1692) is included in the “Inventaire des dessins et estampes relatifs au Département de l’Aisne” of the National Library of France (Catalogue by E. Fleury, Paris, 1887, p. 127, # 2077).


NOBBS, George Hunn, Pastor (1799-1884)
[Autograph Letter Signed, 'George H. Nobbs,' to the Right Reverend Christopher Wordsworth‚ Bishop of Lincoln‚ asking for an Annotated Copy of the Scriptures “for the Use of the Congregation‚ and as an Heir-loom for the Descendants of the Community”‚ Explaining that they are Converting a Former Convict Store into a Church‚ and Describing the Origin of the Community on Pitcairn Island].

Norfolk Island, South Pacific Ocean, 30 December 1874. Large Octavo (ca. 25x20 cm). 2 pp., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Legible handwriting‚ but with some moderate water damage probably incurred in the mails‚ one edge ragged‚ other minor defects. Overall a good letter.
A great letter and an important Norfolk Island relic‚ despite the water staining. George Hunn Nobbs, the pastor of the descendants of the HMS Bounty mutineers, by that time for over forty years, is writing to his superior, the Bishop of Lincoln, with the latest news from his “isolated, but happy home.” He asks His Lordship to grant the community with a copy of the Bible and proceeds: “The people I represent are the descendants of the Mutineers of H.M.S. Bounty - and formerly dwelling on Pitcairn Island‚ but now‚ by favour of our Gracious Queen‚ and philanthropy of influential Friends in England‚ in possession of the large portion of Norfolk Island.” He also refers to the Melanesian Mission‚ with whom the island was shared in an uneasy partnership, and describes the destruction of the old church in a cyclone‚ and the whaling boats being washed away by a tidal wave, but “we are now recovering from this elemental war‚ & hope to have our new Church ready for public Worship by Easter next. The consecration must‚ of course‚ be deferred until a Successor to our honoured and beloved Friend Bishop Patterson is appointed...” He expresses his readiness to provide further information about the community, “should Your Lordship be desirous”, and additionally asks for the bishop’s “autograph on the “Fly Leaf” with a word or two of paternal salutation to the community.”
George Hunn Nobbs arrived on Pitcairn Island in 1828 and became the schoolmaster and an unordained pastor to a community descended from HMS Bounty mutineers and Tahitian islanders. On 18 October 1829 Nobbs married Sarah Christian‚ the granddaughter of Fletcher Christian, who had let the mutiny. In 1852 he was ordained in London and commissioned as Chaplain of Pitcairn Island. In 1856 the community moved to Norfolk Island‚ a Crown Colony previously occupied by convict prisoners.


[Puzzle Map Titled:] Amerique du Nord.

Paris: M.D. Editeur, ca. 1890. Colour lithographed map mounted on wood ca. 32x42,5 cm (12 ½ x 17 in) and dissected into 48 puzzle pieces. Puzzle pieces backed with blue paper. A few spot of soiling but overall the map puzzle is in very good condition.
This attractive map puzzle dates from around 1890, going by the existence of states like Washington etc. and districts like Assinoiboia.


[Album with 122 Original Photographs Taken during a Summer Trip to Alaska, Including Interesting General and Street Views of Ketchikan, Wrangell, Hanes, Seattle, Vancouver, and Victoria].

Ca. 1910s. Oblong Quarto (ca. 18,5x27 cm). 25 black stock leaves (9 blank). 122 mounted gelatin silver prints, most ca. 6x10 cm (2 ¼ x 3 3/8 in). All with period ink captions on the mounts. Original dark brown morocco album, rebacked in style. Some images slightly faded or with mild silvering, but overall a very good album.
An attractive private photo album from a summer trip along the northwest coast of America from Seattle to Skagway, Alaska, on board the S.S. “Jefferson.” The voyage starts with several views of Seattle and Tacoma harbours, the Puget Sound and naval yards in Bremerton (including a “torpedo shed” and steamers “New York” and “Wyoming”), and a view of Seattle taken from the travellers’ hotel. Several views depict the voyage on board S.S. “Jefferson,” showing passengers and crew members. Most part of the album is occupied with the photos taken in Ketchikan, including interesting views of the Ketchikan harbour, city view “from the side of the mountain,” several street views, photos of the “Palace Cafe” – “where we spent a good share of our time,” of the “New Town,” native houses and totem poles, portraits of native children; a series of photos taken during a fishing trip near Ketchikan shows a “creek walk” and fishermen with a salmon catch. There are also photos of the wharf in Wrangell with the cannery at left, Wrangel Narrows, coastal views between Juneau and Skagway, post at Hanes, Davidson glacier, and transport “Buferd” at Skagway. Sixteen photos from the “Vancouver and Victoria trip” show a ferry landing at New Westminster, first Hotel Vancouver, a street in Vancouver, Victoria harbour, dry dock at Esquimalt, S.S. New York visiting at Esquimalt, and leaving Victoria on the “Princess Victoria.” The album also contains two views of Wyoming and six of Salt Lake City (Tabernacle Grounds).


[Collection of Four Related Autograph Letters Signed by John Franklin, Frederick William Beechey, John Richardson and John D. Hunter, Apparently Addressed to Nicholas Garry, Deputy Governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company).

Four ALS, all dated by days of the week but without a year, but 1824. Three Small Octavos (ca. 18x11,5 cm), and one small note ca. 9,5x11 cm. Each 1 page, brown ink on paper. One with a pencil written list of names on verso. All with old identical guards on verso, indicating that the letters were mounted together in an album. Very good letters.
An interesting collection of original letters by noted Arctic explorers, apparently all related to meetings to make preparations for the 1824-25 voyages to find the Northwest Passage. Three letters were written by the members of two corresponding expeditions to the region: John Franklin and John Richardson, who explored the shores of the Arctic Ocean west and east of the Coppermine River in 1825-1827, and Frederick William Beechey, who explored the Bering Strait from the west in 1825-1828, in an attempt to meet Franklin’s expedition. In his letter Franklin also mentions George Francis Lyon who was to sail on HMS Griper to the Repulse Bay in June 1824. The author of the fourth letter, John D. Hunter, also mentioned in Franklin’s letter as a participant of one of the meetings, was apparently an organiser or a member of one of those expeditions. Dated by days of the week, the letters refer to several meetings in March 1824. John Richardson’s letter was written at “55 Devonshire Street,” which was John Franklin’s London address.
Beechey’s and Hunter’s letters are addressed to “Mr. Garry,” most likely Nicholas Garry (ca. 1782-1856), deputy governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1822-1835. Fort Garry (now Winnipeg) was founded and named after him in 1822. Several places in the Northwest Passage were named after him during the expedition season of 1825-27. John Franklin gave his name to the Garry Island in the delta of the Mackenzie River “for all his active kindness and indefatigable attention to the comfort of myself and my companions” (Franklin, J. Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea, 1825, 1826, and 1827. London, 1828, p. 36). William Parry named Cape Garry in the Somerset Island, Prince Regent Inlet “after by worthy friend Nicholas Garry, Esq., one of the most active members of the Hudson’s Bay Company, and a gentleman most warmly interested in everything connected with northern discovery” (Parry, W. Journal of a Third Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific; Performed in the Years 1824-25 in His Majesty's Ships Hecla and Fury. London, 1826, p. 140).
In his letter to Mr. Garry, John D. Hunter also mentions “Mr. Halkett”, who was most likely, John Halkett (1768-1852), director of the HBC and a member of its London Committee.
The texts of the letters:
Franklin: “My dear Sir, I shall have great pleasure in joining your party on Thursday the 25th but you must let me off early as I am engaged to an Evening party. I was just going to write to you when your note came, to say Mrs. Franklin and I will be glad to have the pleasure of your company at dinner on Tuesday 30th March at six. I hope Mr. Hunter will be with us also. I will send your letter to Capt. Lyon and I shall probably take the opportunity of seeing Parry tomorrow. Ever sincerely & faithfully yours, John Franklin. Tuesday Eveng.”
Richardson: “Dear Sir, I shall with much pleasure dine with you on Wednesday next at 7. I am dear Sir yours sincerely, John Richardson. Saturday, 55 Devonshire Street.”
Beechey: “Captain Beechey presents his compliments to Mr. Garry and will have the pleasure of accepting his polite invitation for the 6th inst. Harley Street, March 21st.”
Hunter: “I sincerely thank you my dear Mr. Garry for the book you were kind enough to send me, but my engagements will I fear render it out of my power to read it through. I will dine with you on Tuesday if I return from Brighton in time. I shall start at 11 this morning, & contemplate to return on Monday evening, I am much pleased to hear that among other friends Mr. Halkett will be one. Believe me very sincerely yours &c. John D. Hunter. Saturday morning.”


TAILER, Gillam, Assistant Commissary at Passamaquoddy, New Brunswick
[Official Report Signed “Gillam Tailer” to Major General John Campbell, “Commanding His Majesty’s Troops in the Province of Nova Scotia,” Regarding Lack of Provisions for the Loyalist Troops and Residents in Passamaquoddy].

N.p., n.d. Ca. after May 1784. Folio (ca. 32x20 cm). 1 p. Brown ink on C. Taylor watermarked laid paper. Numbered in ink in different hand in the upper left corner. Fold marks, tears on extremities and along the folds, paper aged, worn, and with some soiling, but overall a very good letter written in legible hand.
Interesting report about the early years of St. Andrews, New Brunswick, compiled shortly after the end of the American Revolutionary War. The Assistant Commissary at Passamaquoddy Gillam Tailer informs Major John Campbell (ca. 1727-1974) of the lack of provisions and extreme distress experienced by the disbanded corps in the settlement, and implores Campbell to provide adequate food and relief to the people: “many of the settlers there are reduced to the most Extreme Distress having neither Provision or Clothing, and some of them have no other sustenance than Water, and have not strength to help themselves; <…> those Settleres have never Received any Meat, for the Sixty Days Extra allowance which was Graciously intended, and that 2600 weight of the Flour which was sent from St. John’s intended to be delivered to your memorialist, was issued at Bever [sic!] Harbour before it got to his hand, by which means the Settlers at St. Andrews and that District fell short that quantity of the Flour for the Sixty days. Your memorialist humbly prays you would take the Very Deplorable Case of these unhappy people into your Consideration and order such Relief as may be in your Power to Grant.”


77. [OREGON]
PARKER, Samuel (1779-1866)
Map of Oregon Territory.

Utica, NY: Engraved M.M. Peabody, 1838. Copper engraved map ca. 35x58,5 cm (14x23 in). Map with original fold marks but in very good condition overall.
This map was created to show Parker's "journey with a fur-trading party in 1835 to Walla Walla. The map was the first one of the interior of the Oregon Territory to be done with any accuracy" (Hill 1304). "Samuel Parker was a missionary who accompanied a fur-trading party on an expedition from Council Bluffs, Iowa to the Oregon Territory. At the time, the region was claimed by both the British and the United States and was little known except to the fur-traders. Parker's map, based on both personal observation and reports of the fur-traders of the Hudson Bay Company, is a landmark in the mapping of the region. The map provides an excellent view of the river systems and tribal territory. It shows several forts, including an early depiction of Fort Hall. The map extends to include much of present-day Canada" (Old World Auctions).


MENDENHALL, Thomas Corwin (1841-1924)
North West Coast of America and Inland Passages from Olympia, Washington to Mt. St. Elias, Alaska.

U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey, 1891. Large printed folding map, dissected and linen backed, ca. 163x53 cm (64 ¼ x 20 ¾ in). Scale 1:1,200,000. Attached to the original card and marbled paper folder with brown sheep spine and gilt lettered title label on the front board. Bookplate of Edward W. Allen attached to the verso of the front board. Spine neatly repaired, map with a couple minor tears on the folds; overall a very good map.
This rare map, “based chiefly upon the work of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey and with some compilations from Russian and British Admiralty Charts” presents a detailed and impressive picture of the Alaskan coast, indicating soundings (in fathoms), ferry routes, lighthouses, major mountains and their heights, as well as the preliminary border line between BC and Alaska. Thomas Corwin Mendenhall was an American autodidact physicist and meteorologist. During his time in the office as the superintendent of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (since 1889) Mendenhall was responsible for defining the exact national boundary between the United States (Alaska) and Canada. The Mendenhall Valley and glacier in Juneau, Alaska was named after him in 1892 (See more: Wikipedia).


[An Official Despatch Signed “John Bidwell” to Mr. Walter Cope, Esq., British Consul in Guayaquil regarding the Project of “Direct Communication between Great Britain and the Western Coast of South America” via Panama].

London, Foreign Office, 15 February 1836. Folio (ca. 31x20 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on blueish watermarked laid paper. Secretarial ink numbers on top of the recto. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
An official despatch from the senior clerk of the Foreign Office John Bidwell to the British Consul in Guayaquil Walter Cope regarding the establishment of a new line of communication between the Great Britain and the Pacific coast of South America via Panama, instead of the long route around Cape Horn. This project was vividly discussed by the British merchants and residents of Lima, Callao and Valparaiso in 1836; and eventually a project of William Wheelwright won, with a proposal of a steamship line between Valparaiso and the Isthmus of Darien, and a mule and canoe transportation further to Chagres on the Atlantic coast. Wheelwright’s Pacific Steam Navigation Company was founded in 1838, becoming the first commercial steamship line in the Pacific.
In the despatch Bidwell refers to a copy of the letter sent by Viscount Palmerston to the British Consul at Panama on "the subject of opening through that Point, a direct communication between Great Britain and the Western Coast of South America", asking Cope for a report on the "general expediency and practicability of the arrangement and upon the several points enumerated in the enclosure, so far as the same are applicable to the place of your residence, and the district within your jurisdiction". Cope was also required to communicate with “Mr. Consul Turner, with whom will rest in a great measure the carrying this plain into operation”.
A detailed description the project of the steamship communication along the Pacific Coast of South America, together with texts of the original supplementary documents was published in P.C. Scarlett’s “South America and the Pacific, Comprising a Journey across the Pampas and the Andes <…> to which are annexed Plans and Statements for establishing Steam Navigation on the Pacific” (London, 1838, 2 vols.).


HENRY, Jules, Captain of “Nouvelle Bretagne,” Governor of the Colony
[Original Manuscript Account Book, Kept by French Captain Jules Henry on board “Nelusko” steamship during his travels across the Indian Ocean in 1876-1879, and on board “Nouvelle Bretagne” steamship during Marquis de Rays’ ill-fated 1881-1882 settling expedition in New Guinea]: Compte Exploitation. Nelusko; Compte du Cap. J. Henry, Sujet Français, Cn. De V[apeur] Libérien “Nouvelle Bretagne”.

Folio (ca. 33,5x20 cm), over 170 lined leaves. Nelusko Account Book: 1876-1879. [11, 1], 38, [2] [=52] leaves. Nouvelle Bretagne Account Book: 1881-1882. [8] pages. In all 56 leaves of text in French, written in legible hand writing. Period brown panelled full sheep with blind stamped British Royal Crest on upper cover (revenue over stamped “4”). A very good manuscript.
Important document supplement to the history of the ill-fated Marquis de Rays’ New Guinea Expedition (1881), compiled by the captain of one of the expedition ships and provisional Governor of the new colony Jules Henry. This was the third and the last attempt of colonisation of the “Nouvelle France”, more commonly known as New Ireland (Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea).
Jules Henry on “Nouvelle Bretagne” and Captain Rabardy on “Genil” delivered the last batch of immigrants to the Marquis de Rays’ Nouvelle France. Henry left Barcelona in April 1881 with 180 emigrants, including several judicial and military officials. At Singapore he received a telegram from Marquis which nominated him provisional Governor of Port Breton. Upon arrival to Port Breton he discovered the residents suffering from starvation and malaria, with many already dead, and the rest fully disillusioned in the perspectives of the Nouvelle France. After a short stay, on the 16th of September Henry proceeded to Manila with a large group of the unfortunate settlers, hoping to obtain supplies and medicines for Port Breton in the Philippines. But in Manila the ship was placed under arrest together with the captain and the crew on the claim of one of Marquis’ creditors, and was put up for sale. Remembering the starving settlers of the Nouvelle France, Henry escaped from the Bay of Manila during a storm and went to Port Breton. He arrived to the settlement in the end of December, finding the survivors in an even more deplorable condition. On the 15th of January a Spanish man-of-war “Legaspi” arrived to Port Breton and arrested Henry with his crew and ship on charge of embargo violation and piracy (as he took with him several Spanish officials who were on the “Nouvelle Bretagne” when he escaped). On the 22nd of January both ships left for Manila where Henry went under trial (for more information see: The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 May 1882, p. 7; The Sidney Morning Herald, 7 December 1882, p. 4).
Jules Henry’s account book contains texts of three interesting documents about his service on the “Novelle Bretagne” which were obviously compiled during his trial in Manila in May 1882:“Compte du Cap. J. Henry, Sujet Français, Cn. De V[apeur] Libérien “Nouvelle Bretagne” (dated “Manille, 17 Mai 1882”), “Compte particulier du Cap. J. Henry Ct. Le Vapeur Libérien “Nouvelle Bretagne” dont il demande à poursuivre le recouvrement en justice avec privilège sur les biens en general “Du Marquis de Rays” et en particulier sur le Navire ‘Nouvelle Bretagne’”; and “Copie du Compte alimentation présenté à l’Avocat le 1er Mai” (dated “Manille, 1 Mai 1882”). All three documents are manuscript copies of the original accounts intended for the Spanish officials; they were obviously made by Henry for his own record at the same time with the originals, and placed into the journal which already contained accounts of his previous journeys. Henry gives a detailed account of his income and expenses when the captain of the “Nouvelle Bretagne”.
Charles du Breil, Marquis de Rays (1832-1893), an adventurous French nobleman, declared himself “King Charles I” of a Pacific empire located on the islands still unclaimed by European powers, and having fertile soils, a climate similar to that of the French Riviera and an already developed infrastructure. About 570 colonists from France, German and Italy immigrated to the newly established Port Breton in 1880-1881, but discovered no settlement, mountainous terrain and dense rainforest not suitable for fields or pastures. After about a hundred settlers had died from malaria and malnutrition, the rest fled to Australia, New Caledonia and the Philippines. In 1883 de Rays was sentenced by a French court to six years in prison for criminal negligence. Captain Henry was a witness against Marquise de Ray in the trial in Paris in November 1882.
The first account book records over twenty voyages of “Nelusko” steamship in the years 1876-1879 under Henry’s command from France (Marseille) to (and between) different ports of the Indian Ocean and the East Indies: Madagascar and neighbouring islets (Nosy Be, Mayotte), Seychelles (Mahé), Mauritius and Réunion, Zanzibar, India (Pondicherry, Negapatam, Karaikal, Madras et al.), Penang, Singapore and others. Nelusko transported post, consular goods, hospital supplies, and live cargo; several lists of passengers and crew are included.


81. PEACOCK, [Alfred?]
[Original Two Unsigned Watercolours, One Titled:] Quarantine Station - Flores Island - off Montevideo.

Ca. 1889. Watercolours each ca. 9 x 17 & 20 cm (4 x 7 & 8 in). Recently matted, overall very good watercolours.
The watercolours show a lighthouse and quarantine station and an official camp with a British merchant navy flag. "Isla de Flores is a small island in the Rio de la Plata, 21 miles southeast of Punta Carretas, Montevideo, Uruguay.., Flores was named by Sebastián Gaboto, who discovered it on Easter Sunday 1527.., It has a historic lighthouse, which was the subject of an 1819 treaty, by which Uruguay lost the Misiones Orientales. This lighthouse, of Portuguese origin, entered service in 1828. It was dubbed "the world's most expensive lighthouse" . The lighthouse is now under the jurisdiction of the Uruguayan Navy. It is 37 meters high and flashes twice every 10 seconds" (Wikipedia).


82. PEACOCK, [Alfred?]
[Original Unsigned Watercolour Titled:] St. Thomas. West Indies.

Ca. 1889. Watercolour ca. 13,5x24 cm (5 ½ x 9 ½ in). Recently matted, overall very good watercolour.
Attractive watercolour of the harbour of Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands which is "the capital and largest city of the U.S. Virgin Islands, founded in 1666 as Taphus (meaning "beer houses" or "beer halls"). In 1691, the town was renamed to Amalienborg (in English Charlotte Amalie) after Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel (1650–1714), queen consort to King Christian V of Denmark. It contains a deep-water harbor that was once a haven for pirates.., When Christopher Columbus came here in 1493, the area was inhabited by both Island Caribs and Taíno" (Wikipedia). Little is known about the artist however from the photograph and watercolour of the clipper Sobraon found with this watercolour one can assume that the watercolours were created on a voyage from the United Kingdom to Australia. The Sobraon was used as an immigration ship between the England and Australia between the years 1866 and 1890.


83. [PERON, Francois] (1775-1810)
& [FREYCINET, Louis-Henri de Saulces, Baron de] (1777-1840)
[Atlas Part 1 ONLY] Voyage de Decouvertes aux Terres Australes, excute par ordre de Sa Majeste l'Empereur et Roi, Partie Historique Redigee par M.F. Peron. - Atlas par MM. Lesueur et Petit [Voyage of Discovery to Terra Australis, Executed by Order of His Majesty the Emperor and King..,]

Paris: Chez Arthus Bertrand, 1807-1816. First Edition. Folio Atlas. Title + [vi] pp. Atlas: Part I: engraved title and forty engraved plates including the folding panoramas of Sydney and Timor (twenty-four plates hand coloured). Period light brown papered boards. Spine with splits at hinges, the Timor panorama with a small chip of left blank margin, some plates with very minor foxing of outer blank fore edge, One plate with a repaired tear of blank margin, but overall a very good copy in very original uncut condition.
This first part of the atlas includes all the plates including topographical views, local inhabitants, coastal profiles and natural history etc. "In 1800 an expedition organized by the Institute of France and placed under the command of Nicolas Baudin sailed for the South Seas. Their particular instructions were to make a full and minute examination of the Australian coasts, and especially to explore the southern coast, "where there is supposed to be a strait communicating with the Gulf of Carpentaria, and which consequently would divide New Holland into two large and almost equal islands." The maps and charts [were] prepared by Freycinet, who continued the publication after the death of Peron.., Peron the naturalist on this voyage, was able to prepare a huge zoological collection that was known for years for its excellence." (Hill 1329); Ferguson 979. "In 1800 [Peron] was engaged by Nicolas Thomas Baudin as 'trainee zoologist charged with comparative anatomy' for Baudin's exploratory voyage to the southern and western coasts of Australia" (Howgego 1800-1850, P21).


[Album with 50 Original Photographs of British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest including the 1905 Portland Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition].

Ca. 1900s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 14x20 cm). 50 black stock leaves with 50 mounted gelatin silver prints, each ca. 7,5x10 cm (3 x 3 3/8 in). The majority with period ink captions in the corners of the images. Original black cloth album. A few images slightly faded, several with silvering on the margins, six with bigger or smaller defects of the negatives, but overall a very good album.
Album with some interesting unusual photos of British Columbia and the American northwest coast. The B.C. Images concentrate on the Kootenays area, showing Nelson from the wharf, Kootenay Lake (four photos, including a view of the landing site), Trout Lake in the West Kootenays (five photos, including a view of logging on the lake), the historic Windsor Hotel on the Trout Lake (built in 1892 and still working), portraits of local residents posing in front of their house, with a fish catch, and on massive tree stumps.
The images of the U.S. West coast include a view of Northport on the Columbia River (Washington State), and a series of photos taken at the Lewis and Clark Centennial exposition (Portland, Oregon, 1905) and showing: U.S. Government Building and the Bridge of Nations, Forestry Building, Oriental Building, buildings of the states of Massachussetts, Washington, New York and Idaho, Grand Stairway, totem poles, sunken gardens, a photo of a military band and a company next to the Government Building, view of the “Trail,” sculptures, e.g. “Cowboy at rest,” and others. There are also bird’s-eye view of Portland, photo of hotel “Estacada” near Portland, four prairie scenes in Montana, views of the bad lands in the Washington State, and St. Paul’s (Mississippi). Overall a very good album.


[Printed Broadside Announcing the Evacuation of the Portuguese Royal Family, as well as Naval and Military Personnel to Brazil on British Naval Vessels]: Proclamacao do Commandante Britannico.

Ca. 1807. Folio broadside (ca. 31,5x21 cm). 1 p. Watermarked British laid paper. A very good document.
An interesting rare broadside, quite possibly issued by Sir Sidney Smith from his flagship HMS Bedford on the Tagus, regarding the evacuation of the Portuguese royal family, as well as military and naval personnel to Brazil. The “Commandante Britannico” states that vessels from the British squadron will be made available to take refugees to Falmouth where they can await further ships to take them to Brazil.
“The transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil refers to the escape of the Braganza royal family and its court of nearly 15,000 people from Lisbon on November 29, 1807. The Braganza royal family departed for the Portuguese colony of Brazil just days before Napoleonic forces invaded Lisbon on December 1. The royal party navigated under the protection of the British Royal Navy, under the command of Admiral Sir Sidney Smith. The Portuguese crown remained in Brazil from 1808 until the Liberal Revolution of 1820 led to the return of John VI of Portugal on April 26, 1821. For thirteen years, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, functioned as the capital of the Kingdom of Portugal in what some historians call a "metropolitan reversal" (i.e., a colony exercising governance over the entirety of the Portuguese empire)” (Wikipedia).


[Autograph Letter in French from a Young French Cotton Merchant in Rio de Janeiro to his Father, Signed “J.H. Laine,” with the latest News about the Brazilian Market].

Rio de Janeiro, 20 September 1816. Quarto (ca. 25,5x19,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, addressed and sealed on the 4th page. With a period ink inscription in another hand on the 1st page. Small hole on the 3rd page after opening, not affecting the text, otherwise a very good letter.
An interesting letter from a young French merchant in Rio de Janeiro addressed to his father who is also his business partner. In the beginning he outlines the most efficient way of sending correspondence to Rio de Janeiro – via a British packet boat which “leaves on the first day of each month from Falmouth and reaches us in about fifty days.” Then the author complains that the “trade is still very bad here. I would have sold all the cheap things if we haven’t badly done the invoice”. He complains that because of the mistake in the invoice they received “rouge de theatre” instead of “porcelaine [?]”, and it can’t be sold [apparently talking about different colour of fabrics]. Then follows the contents of the invoice, supplemented with a note that “in this country they don’t use red, and the theatre being closed we can’t get rid of it”. The young merchant also mentions trade ships from Bordeaux and hopes that there won’t be too many of them loaded with luxury goods. He notes that sugar, as well as leather and coffee is expensive in Brazil, and then proceeds: “If you want to send me cheap things please don’t send me tobacco and wine, because the former is considered smuggling and very difficult to import, and the second is a very unprofitable article along with all sort of fragrance”. In the end he asks his father for at least 300 francs to buy a horse which is absolutely necessary here. “We live 1 and a half lieue from the city, as I’m obliged to go very often, summer will start here, and the heat is extremely strong; but I can’t go to town often without becoming sick”. Overall a rich in content letter about early French trade in Rio de Janeiro. The author is most likely a relative of noted French admiral Pierre Jean Honorat Laine (1796-1875).


BARBOSA, Januario da Cunha (1780-1864)
[Protocols and Procedures for Burials in the Churches of Rio de Janeiro] Exposição do Padre Januario da Cunha Barbosa a El-Rei D. João VI sobre as sepulturas nas Egrejas do Rio de Janeiro.

Ca. 1813-1816. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). 4 pp., with two integral blank leaves, tied with two pink ribbons. Brown ink on laid paper watermarked “1813”, legible text in Portuguese. Paper tag ("Avulços") glued to final leaf. Laid into later ruled paper folder (typed title as given above). Paper slightly age toned, mild fold marks, otherwise a near fine document.
Unpublished manuscript on church burials in Rio de Janeiro by one of the earliest Brazilian literary critics and an important figure in the independence movement.
An apparently unpublished work on the protocols and procedures for burials in churches of Rio de Janeiro, written at a time when such burials were becoming an important public health issue. Cunha Barbosa was appointed prégador for the royal chapel in Rio de Janeiro in 1808. There he became involved in deciding which tombs in the church could be opened when a member of a family or of a religious order died. Apparently Cunha Barbosa had been reprimanded for opening one tomb, and in this work he explains his decision at greater length than he had previously done. He also states the procedures for opening a tomb and notes which church officials had to authorize it. Cunha Barbosa refers to the addressee as "V.A. R." throughout, and once as "Principe." This suggests that the addressee was D. João VI during his tenure as Prince Regent (i.e., before 1816).
Two works dealing with burials as a public health matter were published by Brazilians before independence: Vicente Coelho de Seabra Silva e Telles' Memoria sobre os prejuizos causados pelas sepulturas dos cadaveres nos templos, e methodo de os prevenir (Lisbon, 1800), and José Correa Picanço's Ensaio sobre os perigos das sepulturas dentro das cidades, e nos seus contornos (Rio de Janeiro, 1812; See Guerra, Bibliografia medica brasileira 20.)
Januario da Cunha Barbosa took orders in 1803 and soon earned such a reputation as a religious orator that in 1808 he was named prégador for the royal chapel in Rio de Janeiro. One of the leading spirits in the Independence movement, he founded and edited (along with Joaquim Gonçalves Ledo) the periodical Reverbero Constitucional Fluminense from September 1821 to October 1822. At the end of 1822 his rival from the liberal party, José Bonifácio, had him deported without trial, but a year later - as Bonifácio himself was being deported - Cunha Barbosa returned to Brazil. There he was simultaneously elected deputy to the new legislature for Minas Geraes and for Rio de Janeiro. He later served as director of the Imprensa Nacional and the Biblioteca Nacional.
Cunha Barbosa published numerous sermons, some poetry, and articles on a wide range of subjects in the journals of various learned societies. His anthology Parnaso Brasileiro (Rio de Janeiro, 1829-30) is a major literary contribution. With its publication Cunha Barbosa became one of the earliest Brazilian literary critics and preserved much poetry of the colonial period which would doubtless otherwise have been lost. (See Verissimo, História da literatura brasileira [1969] p. 119.) He also co-founded, with Raymundo José da Cunha Mattos, the Instituto Historico e Geographico Brazileiro in 1838. The Instituto had much wider interests than its name suggests, and came to serve as a forum for all Brazilian writers. Work done under its auspices set the direction for much of the historical, geographical and ethnological research later done in Brazil. (See Verissimo, p. 127).
On Cunha Barbosa, see Innocêncio III, 254; VI, 127; VII, 71; X, 117. See also Sacramento Blake III, 294-300. OCLC: No printed version or other manuscript version located. No printed or manuscript version located in Porbase, Copac, or OCLC.


[Autograph Letter Signed from a San Francisco Resident J.H. Murrill Describing Life in the City in 1849, and the Business Opportunities in Real Estate and Merchandise].

San Francisco, 31 December 1849. Quarto (ca. 25,19,5 cm). [4] pp. Brown ink on pale blue paper. Fold marks, some light marginal staining, otherwise a very good letter.
An interesting letter from San Francisco written on New Year’s Eve 1849, the first year in the Gold Rush, in which a local resident writes a friend about the opportunities to be had, and conditions in the booming city. He begins by describing the “melancholy state of affairs” in San Francisco, which is full of crime and degeneracy. He writes that he lives in the land of the "dying, a land of gamblers & thieves, of murderers and robbers as were the situation no doubt by trade and occupation of many before they came here <...> Before the fire there were over two hundred large gambling houses in our town and I have no doubt that one quarter of the inhabitants of the place spend their time there, Sundays not excepted."
Murrill goes on to write that he has made a great deal of money in selling his real estate, despite being targeted by two "great scoundrels:" "I have sold most of real estate on time all however to be paid within 16 months and for 3 or 6 months I have to remain here to settle up and attend to my affairs before I can join my family [in the Sandwich Islands]." He future plans are connected with the Sandwich Islands: "It is said that the best opportunities in the world are now offered at the Sandwich Islands... $10,000 there will give a man a start by which he may live as easy as he pleases. I think I shall turn my attention to the shipping business which cannot fail to be good. A line of packets from this place to the Sandwich Islands and Panama will be a lucrative business..."
As to the business opportunities in San Francisco, Murrill notes: "There is one thing sure here, a man with capital can make money faster than in the States. There is great opportunities for purchasing lands now low in many places & a man with 5 to 10 thousand capital would settle himself for life very greatly <...> There is one advantage in this country over any and almost all others by the winters are favourable, you have nothing to care for your stock and you can raise all the luxuries of life with much more ease than in the States <…> we have a population of about 16,000 inhabitants and rapidly increasing, no town on the globe ever went up like it. If you had come here when I did with 1000 dollars to lay out you would now have been beyond anxiety…"
An interesting letter, full of hope for prosperity in the future.


[OGDEN, Richard Livingston] (1822-1900)
[Private Diary Describing Sailings of the Yachts Restless and Peerless in San Francisco Bay]: A concise and condensed history of the goings & comings & voyages of the Sloop Yacht "Restless" by a reliable not contraband but highly respectable gentleman, slightly tinctured with a fondness for salt water, a piscatorial weakness and the pursuit of ducks under difficulties...

[San Francisco], ca. 1860-1870s. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 25 pp. of text and fifty blank leaves. Brown and blue ink on laid paper, with several newspaper clippings and an ink drawing of the yacht “Restless” mounted on the leaves. Original violet full sheep notebook with raised bands and blind stamped decorative borders on the boards. Binding rubbed on extremities, hinges cracked, foot of spine chipped, but overall a very good internally clean manuscript.
Lively private account of the sailings of the yachts Restless and Peerless, both belonging to San
Francisco industrialist and keen yachtsman Richard Livingston Ogden. Ogden came to California in 1852 as a major of the US army and subsequently established the firm of Ogden and Hayes; he was one of the founders of the Kimball Carriage and Car Manufacturing Company in the 1860s, the first president of the reorganized San Francisco Yacht Club (1874-1878) and one of the founders of the Jekyll Island Club, Georgia, in 1886.
The manuscript starts with a detailed description of the yacht Restless: "31 feet long, 16 feet beam, 3½ deep centre board, 10 feet long 12 feet wide 5 feet high, finished a la raeveaux gilt mouldings, stained glass windows, velvet cushions forming very comfortable sleeping accommodations..." Various voyages are described, such as "The first voyages of the Restless were to Sausalito on pic-nics, fishing trips, to Angel Island on clambakes, to Alcatraz on Offishial business, to Benicia, to Martinez, and on the 3rd of July [1863] to Sacramento in 18 hours against the tide & with calm weather to contend with beating 14 schooners & sloops... On the opening of the Ducking season she was put in shooting trim and some half dozen successful voyages with glorious results..." Later on, as years passed, "The Restless was sold on the departure of the owner for the East for $1000 to a gentleman of the Lager Bier line of business who put her into service as a Ferry Boat between 3rd St. Wharf and the Potrero..."
The second half of the journal is a record of the little schooner "Peerless," another of Ogden’s yachts, launched in 1869. “Length on water line 53, length on deck, beam 17 feet, depth 5 ½. Schooner rigged, built of <…> Eastern oak, bent timber (frames), cedar & Oregon, galvanized fastenings, cabin Oregon maple & cedar, all built in best manner.” The manuscript describes Peerless’ sailings to Belmont, Martinez and Antioch. The first free endpaper bears an amateur ink sketch of the yacht Restless resting on shore and a man shooting a duck from a log nearby.
Commodore Richard L. Ogden, was “the oldest and best known yachtsman of San Francisco Bay <…>. He was in the fifties the owner of the then famous sloop Restless, the first pleasure yacht seen on these waters. It was brought from New York on a ship's deck. In 1868 he built the large schooner-yacht Peerless, one of the handsomest yachts ever built here and one that took part in the first regular regatta ever sailed on this coast. She was sold by him to the King of Samoa and became the "Samoan Navy." When the San Francisco Yacht Club was reorganized in 1875 he was elected commodore, an office he held for several years. About that time Commodore Ogden also built the fine steam yacht Quickstep and the steam launch Hi-Yah” (San Francisco Call, October 7, 1900, 23:4).


PEACOCK, [Alfred?]
[Album with Twelve Original Watercolours From Canadian Voyageurs’ Travel along the Saskatchewan River, Manitoba, Titled on the Spine:] Northern Canadian Canoe Trip.

Ca. 1886. Oblong Octavo (ca. 20x29 cm). 12 album leaves with 12 mounted watercolours ca. 14x21,5 cm (5 ½ x 8 ½ in), all numbered and titled in watercolour, only the first one Signed Peacock. Recent red half morocco album with cloth boards, spine with raised bands and gilt lettered title. A very good album with beautiful watercolours.
Interesting album with twelve evocative watercolours depicting different stages of a trip of two Canadian voyageurs on the Slave and Saskatchewan Rivers in Manitoba. Executed with artistic skill and a good deal of humour, the drawings vividly picture “A Wet Night (2 a.m.),” “Cooking (5 a.m.),” “Loading (7 a.m.),” “Nosing” (8 a.m.); the voyageurs tracking, mastering “The Bad Bit,” portaging their canoe, sailing and signaling camp. Two views show the lower part of Demicharge rapids with tents on the river bank and the Rocher Rouge Rapids with Rabbit Point and “The Rock” separately marked. There is also a nice view of the voyageurs’ camp, equipped with tents, a stove, cooking utensils, drying fish, axes and a gun. The last watercolour gives a nice panorama of the “Part of Grand Rapids on the Saskatchewan (“unshootable” except for Indians)”. The watercolours are supplemented with original captions in English. Overall a beautiful account of Canadian voyageurs’ travels.


[Embossed Bronzed Copper Commemorative Plaque with four Scenes from the "Terra Nova" Expedition, Titled:] Antarctic Expedition.

Ca. 1913. Plaque ca. 25,5x35,5 cm (10x14 in). Frame with a few expert repairs, but overall the plaque is in very good condition.
The four scenes include: a dog sledge moving across the ice away from the Terra Nova; Scott's polar party preparing to man-haul a sledge; the five man party at the Pole; memorials and burial places of Scott, Wilson and Bowers, with a central "boss" of the ship's cat 'Nigger', within a wide border of decorative scroll work bearing the names those who reached the Pole and a polar flag within a frame of laurel leaves, the corner pieces with medallion portraits of Scott, his wife Kathleen, their son Peter, and another view of the Scott monument, mounted with an ebonised frame, with small plaque engraved with a verse by Horace "Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori" [It is sweet and fitting to die for one's country]. "All the Polar scenes are based on photographs that appeared in issues of the Daily Mirror for either 12 February (the day on which Scott's death was announced) or 21 May, 1913, the newspaper having negotiated exclusive rights to the expedition photographs before Captain Scott's departure" (Bonhams).


[Unique Collection of 23 Original Photographs Documenting the Investigation of the Wreck of the Russian Coast Guard Ship Kreiserok in the Vicinity of Cape Soya, Northwestern Hokkaido].

Ca. 1889. One photograph ca. 16,5x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in), eighteen photographs, ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and four smaller photographic portraits of the Kreiser’s crew, ca. 11x8 cm (4 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) mounted on card leaves of different sizes. The majority of photographs with pencil captions in Danish on the lower margins of the mounts. Minor foxing of the mounts and mounts a bit warped, but overall a very good collection.
This important photographic collection documents the search expedition of the Russian Navy to the northwestern Hokkaido in November 1889 - January 1890. The purpose was to investigate the fate of the shipwreck of the Russian coast guard schooner Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") which was in service on the coast of Tyuleniy Island (in the Sea of Okhotsk, 19 km to the south of Cape Patience (Mys Terpeniya), on the eastern Sakhalin coast) protecting against poachers and disappeared in a storm on the 26th of October, 1889.
The wreck of Kreiserok was discovered by Japanese on the shore next to village Wakkanai, in the vicinity of Cape Soya, the northernmost point of Hokkaido, 43 km away across the Laperouse Strait from Sakhalin Island. The Russian consulate informed the Pacific Squadron of the Russian Navy which wintered in Nagasaki, and the Squadron Commander rear admiral Vladimir Schmidt sent the investigation expedition on clipper Kreiser ("Cruiser") to ascertain whether the wreck was indeed the Kreiserok.
The expedition under the leadership of renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor Alexander von Bunge (1851-1930) included Lt. V.N. Bukharin and other Russian mariners, as well as Japanese officials and translators. The party reached the place of the wreck with great difficulties because of heavy snowfalls and strong winds. They examined what left of the schooner - a part of stern with steering wheel and the right side with both masts. Two ship’s boats, the flag and the board with the ship’s name were discovered, as well as a body of a sailor (Fedor Ivanov). None of the crew members was rescued, obviously there were no survivors. The cause of the disaster wasn’t determined, but it was assumed that the ship wrecked because of the ice formation on Kreiserok’s hull and rigging during strong storm, winds and low temperatures.
This photograph collection, assembled by the Danish member of Kreiser’s crew, Lt. C.M.T. Cold (who also captioned most of the images), includes eleven images of the Kreiserok wreck on shore with all parts of the schooner's remains clearly visible. Five images show the surrounding coast and a Japanese settlement, covered with deep snow. The majority of the pictures from the wreckage also show the expedition members, with Alexander Bunge present on five pictures, and possibly V. Bukharin and Lt. Cold present at least on six pictures; several pictures show the Japanese members, and two images are group portraits of all expedition members. Five pictures are dedicated to the clipper Kreiser including four portraits of its crew members, and a view of Kreiser in the harbour of Nagasaki, the latter was reproduced in: Krestianinov, V.I. Cruisers of the Russian Imperial Navy, 1856-1917. Part 1. SPb., 2003 (Крестьянинов, В.Я. Крейсера Российского Императорского флота, 1856-1917. Ч. I. СПб, 2003).
The monument erected in 1897 in Vladivostok in memory of Kreiserok and its crew became the first monument of Vladivostok and the first official memorial on the Pacific to Russian naval mariners who perished on duty.
Kreiserok ("Little Cruiser") was a coast guard schooner of the Russian Imperial Navy. Tonnage 15 t., length 24 m., width 8 m., draught 2.13 m. Built in 1884 in Seattle, before 1886 - American schooner "Henrietta." In 1886 it was confiscated by the Russian clipper "Kreiser" for poaching in the Russian waters of the Bering Sea. In 1887 under command of lieutenant Tsvangman it carried out hydrographical survey of the Amur estuary. On the 14th of May 1888 it was renamed after the clipper "Kreiser" and became a coast guard vessel of the Tyuleniy Island (the Sea of Okhotsk). In October 1889 during its service on the island’s coast it captured American poaching schooner Rose and prepared to escort it to Vladivostok, but instead wrecked in a storm with the entire crew perishing. A cape and a bay in the Possiet Gulf (Peter the Great Gulf of the Sea of Japan) were named after it.
Alexander von Bunge was a renowned Russian Polar explorer, doctor of medicine and zoologist, a son of famous botanist Alexander von Bunge (1803-1890). He participated in the expeditions to the mouth of the River Lena (1882-84), Yenisey River (1892-95), Spitsbergen (1900) et al; he headed the expedition to the New Siberian Islands (1885-86). Von Bunge’s meteorological observations were used by F. Nansen during his famous Fram expedition. An island in the Arctic Ocean (Bunge Land), a peninsula on the Russky Island (Nordenskiöld Archipelago), glaciers on Spitsbergen and Novaya Zemlya, and a mountain on Spitsbergen were named after him.


93. [SITKA]
[Original Albumen Panoramic Photograph of Sitka with the Governor's Mansion and Russian Orthodox Church].

[Sitka, ca. 1896]. Photograph ca. 18x48 cm (7½ x 19 in), bisected vertically and mounted on two slightly larger contemporary mounts. Mounts slightly edge worn. Photograph a bit faded, but in very good condition.
An attractive, early panoramic photograph of Sitka, Alaska, showing the waterfront including the Governor's Mansion and St. Michael's Russian Orthodox Church, with mountains in the background. A young fisherman sits in a small boat in the bottom foreground of the image. The Russian Orthodox Cathedral of St. Michael, visible in the right side of the picture, was founded in 1848. The three-story governor's residence sits on a hilltop overlooking the harbor, and an American flag flies near it. Smaller one- and two-story structures, including warehouses and homes, are seen along the entire length of the waterfront. The photograph is unsigned, but is attributed to N.B. Miller. Carl Mautz notes only that N.B. Miller was a (possibly amateur) photographer active in Alert Bay on Vancouver Island, circa 1888-89. However, Miller served as the assistant naturalist for the United States Treasury Department Fur Seals Investigations in 1896 in the Pribilof Islands (an island group in the Bering Sea). Not simply an amateur, he was a talented photographer, and it seems likely that this photograph was taken while he was doing his work with the fur seals commission in 1896.
Sitka was made the capital of Russian America in 1808, and it was the seat of the American territorial government after the transfer of power from Russia to the United States in October, 1867. Sitka remained the capital of the Alaska Territory until 1908, when the capital was moved to Juneau.
For further examples of Miller's work see: "Guide to the Alaska Marine Resources and Pribilof Islands Photograph Collection ca. 1896-1909"/ University of Washington Library, Special Collections online; Mautz, p.67 (ref).


[Attractive Private Scrapbook of a British Lady, Containing a Cut Silhouette of Sir William Hoste, a Great Frigate Captain of the Napoleonic Wars, Eleven Pasted-in Watercolours from a European Tour, a copy (?) of a pencil sketch by Edward Lear, a Pencil Portrait Probably of the Artist, and Fifteen Pencil or Watercolour Sketches Apparently made on a South American Trip.]

Ca. 1820-1840s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 12x19 cm). Over sixty leaves of multicolored paper. With a cut silhouette, eleven pasted-in watercolours from ca. 10,5x15,5 cm (4x6 in) to ca. 6x9 cm (2 ¾ x 3 3/8 in), all but two signed “E.S.B.” in the lower corners. With seventeen watercolour and pencil drawings on the album leaves, one signed in pencil “Edw. Lear del, 29 May 1841.” Original green full calf, with gilt tooled ornamental borders on the boards and spine, all edges gilt. Spine with a long crack on the upper hinge, the front board partially detached, binding slightly rubbed on the edges, but overall a very good internally clean album with bright watercolours.
This attractive private scrapbook, compiled by a British lady in the 1820-1840s, starts with an expertly executed silhouette of Sir William Hoste (1780-1828), a protégé of Admiral Nelson and one of the great frigate captains of the Napoleonic Wars. The owner of the album also included eleven beautiful watercolour views of Europe, most likely of France, Italy and Greece. Two of them, captioned in ink, are copies of the contemporary steel engravings “The plains of Waterloo” (by R. Brandard, after a drawing by Th. Cooper, 1834), and “The Temple of Jupiter Olympus at Athens. Greece” (by E. Finden, after a drawing by C. Stanfield, 1832). There is also a pencil drawn Italian view signed in pencil “Edw. Lear del, 29 May 1841,” probably, a copy of a work by Lear. Another pencil drawing done in amateur manner portrays a woman, who is writing or drawing – apparently the artist and compiler of the album. The last pages are occupied with dynamic drawings showing horse riders in different positions travelling in the countryside, shepherds throwing a lasso, women riders (including a scene with a woman fallen off a horse), a scene of a bull fight, et al. This last group of drawings was most likely done during a trip to South America. The drawings throughout the whole album are interspersed with handwritten charades and anecdotes, the answers to charades and unfinished list of drawings are at rear. Overall a charming example of an early 19th century lady's scrapbook with some interesting watercolours.


[Original Manuscript Document Validating the Sale of a Labore [sic!] of Land in the Republic of Taxas [sic!] by a Local Woman Hannah Earl].

Republic of Taxas [sic!], County of San Augustine, 17 February 1837. Folio (ca. 32x19 cm). 2 pp. Paper age toned, fold marks, weak and with a couple of very minor chips and splits, partly strengthened on folds, otherwise a very good document.
Rare early land transaction documenting the attempted sale of a tract of land by one Hannah Earl. The sale was rejected on 22 March 1838 by the land commissioners Alexander Horton and Nathaniel Hunt and is signed by them at the bottom of second page. A "Labor of Land" (177 acres) was granted to "all persons except Africans and their descendants, and Indians, living in Texas on the day of the Declaration of Independence". Manuscript Texas documents from this period are extremely scarce, especially those pertaining to women.


THRESHER, William, Lt. RN.
[Original Manuscript Journal Titled in Manuscript:] Journal of H.M. Screw Steam Corvette “Satellite“ 21 Guns.

Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Stanley (Falkland Islands), 1 March 1864 - 7 September 1865. Octavo (ca. 18x11 cm). T.p., [142] pp., 16 blank leaves. Black ink on laid lined paper. With six small pencil sketches tipped in. Original black skiver notebook with gilt tooled borders on the boards and marbled endpapers, neatly rebacked. A very good journal.
Historically significant detailed naval journal kept by Lieutenant William Thresher, RN during his service on board HM screw steam corvette Satellite, when stationed in Montevideo. The journal thoroughly describes Satellite’s daily life and naval exercise, mentions all warships visiting and staying in Montevideo, and presents a valuable first-hand account of the events of the Uruguayan War (10 August 1864 – 20 February 1865), which the crew of the Satellite took part in, as a part of the international peacekeeping force during the fights in Montevideo. The journal records the Satellite’s short trips between Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro, and Buenos Aires, together with a detailed description of the travel and naval exercise in the Falkland Islands in December 1864. There are also frequent mentions of the American Civil War.
The journal is illustrated with six pencil drawings tipped-in between the pages, depicting: American Federal Sloop of War Sacramento, “the best specimen I have seen of a Sloop of war;” Federal American War Steamer Waterwee; “Onward” slaver taken fitted for slaves by HMS Alecto; Screw Steamer Flying Fish; HMS Bombay's and HMS Arctic’s steam launches; “Sophy,” the boat of the Governor of the Falkland Islands.
William Thresher entered the navy in 1854, became a midshipman in 1856, lieutenant in August 1861 and retired as a Commander in 1870 (Warren, C. Royal Navy List… January 1880, p. 102). HMS Satellite was a wooden Pearl-class screw corvette launched in 1855 and broken up in 1879. On 5 May 1862 - 22 September 1865, it was stationed on the south-east coast of America, under command of Captain Stephen Smith Lowther Crofton,
Overall a beautiful naval journal with rich and historically significant content.
Several excerpts from the journal:
Montevideo, 26 July 1864. Arrived French mail steamer bringing the news of the destruction of the famous Confederate cruiser Alabama by the Federal Sloop of War Kearsage on the 19th June off Cherbourg.
Stanley, the Falkland Islands, 6-15 December 1864.
6 December: Manned and armed boats to send them away to fire. [Then follows a detailed description of the gunnery practice:] <…> when clearing the boats after practice the launch got adrift and the wind catching her on the port bow, heeled her over so much that the gun capsized jamming the man who was stowing away the anchor, which he very naturally dropped overboard and lost.
8 December: The “Sophy” [the Governor’s boat] is merely an eighteen gun’s brig <…> and decked with a small cabin and forepeak <…> and is under the charge of the Harbour Master of Stanley “Melville” who was an old seaman in the “Tune” frigate on this station some years ago. His crew consisted of as he himself expressed of a “jailbird” who was an American by birth, a Southerner from Florida, but with Yankee notions and ideas. He worked well, but was rather inclined to be saucy.
15 December: Held public theatrical at the Eagle Tavern by the good nature of a publican called Goss, under the management of Lieut. Holbrook. A full house to the Bluejackets performances of The Miller and His Men, Who Speaks First, and Box and Cox.
Montevideo, 10 January 1865. Officer of the Guard came on board and informed us of the terrible loss of HMS Bombay (2nd Rate 84) by fire off the Flores Island on 14th December and of the survivors having left the River Plate on 22nd December for England, 93 lives supposed to have been lost. Heard also of the capture of Salto and Paycando by the allied Brazilian and Colorado forces. Landed marines under command of Lieut. Holbrook to protect the English Bank.
Montevideo, 26 January – 24 February 1865. Detailed description of the blockade of Montevideo by the Brazilian fleet, with refugees leaving the city, and street fights between the Blanco and the Colorado forces.
14 February. Rumours flying about alternately - Peace in the Morning - War to the Knife in the Afternoon - No believing anything or anybody. Landed and walked with Lieuts Miller and Masters through the White outposts into the Red lines and returned into town to hear that a President had been elected.
18 February. At 1 pm landing party of the Allied Neutral forces disembarked and occupied the Customs House. The French held the centre, the English the right, Spanish and Italian the left. Captain Joulard of the French flagship Astree in command of the allied forces. Landed Commander Wells, being in command of the English, Lieut Thresher, Sub Lieut Russell and Taylor from Satellite with 40 seamen, Lieut Holbrook RM and 36 marines from Satellite, with marines from other vessels <...> We had tolerably comfortable quarters, a sitting room, a sleeping room, a bath room and an office. Sub Lieut Rainier with 10 men were detached to the English Bank, Sub Lieut Russell with 4 men at the Portuguese Consulate. [Numerous refugees from the town claimed protection at the Customs House, including] a notorious ruffian Colonel Coriolanus Marquez and Mrs. Reyes wife of a leader of the Blanco party. They were accepted on board a Spanish brig of war.
20 February. At 3 am the main body of the Custom’s House guard, the English marines and bluejackets, leading the French next, Spanish and Italian last, marched out of the Customs House with loaded rifles and fixed bayonets (but arms not capped) and under command of Commander Wells proceeded to the Fueste or Government House and occupied it. <…> The street gate to the English quarters was immediately barricaded and the bluejackets' rifles loaded and a guard ready to defend the gate if pressed.
21 February. At 3 pm General Camballo and the advanced guard of the Colorados entered the town quietly <…> the Colorado troopers were riding freely about the place, the bells of the Cathedral rang forth with holiday chimes, crackers let off in the streets (regardless of the powder magazines), and all knew at last for certain that the Capital had surrendered, and that Flores for two years the Rebel <…> was Ruler of Montevideo.


97. [VANCOUVER & B.C.]
[Album with 124 Original Photographs of Vancouver and its Surroundings, Illustrating Summer Activities of Early Vancouverites].

Ca. 1900s. Oblong Quarto (ca. 20x25 cm). 38 black stock leaves. With 124 mounted gelatin silver prints (including one loosely inserted), from ca. 9,5x12 cm (3 ¾ x 4 ¾ in) to ca. 5,5x7,5 cm (2x3 in). Original soft brown sheep album fastened with a string and with a decorative drawn portrait of an American Indian and a manuscript title “Photographs. Vancouver, B.C.” on the front cover. Covers slightly rubbed, several images with some fading, several with minor losses on the margins, one photo cut out together with the mount; overall still a good album.
Lively private photograph album illustrating early life in Vancouver and its surroundings. Interesting images include large photos of the first Hotel Vancouver and the second CPR station, two scenes at a salmon cannery showing the workers with the catch and piles of closed cans, images of coastal steamers, private houses and gardens, street views (showing wooden pave walks); numerous portraits of Vancouverites enjoying summer trips, biking, fishing, swimming or staying at the beach, going on boat trips or taking steamers et al. The album ends with four photographs of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the Rockies. Overall an attractive documentation of early life in Vancouver.


[Private Album with ca. 317 Original Photographs of Parties, Picnics and Trips around Vancouver, Victoria and Vancouver Island, Including Images from the Woodward’s Annual Staff Picnic in 1923 and the Piggly Wiggly Picnic in 1930].

1923-1933. Oblong Folio (ca. 29x40 cm). 44 card leaves (23 blank). Ca. 317 gelatin silver prints, the majority ca. 8x5,5 cm (3x2 in) or ca. 10x6 cm (4 x 2 ¼ in); all but three mounted on the leaves (the three are loosely inserted). A number of images with white manuscript captions on the mounts or ink captions on the lower margins. Original black cloth album fastened with a string, with gilt lettered title “Photographs” on the front cover and paper label of “Canadian Kodak Co. Ltd., Toronto” on the inner side of the back cover. Some images slightly faded or with mild silvering, one with a repaired tear, but overall a very good album.
Lively private album with numerous group portraits from parties, summer holidays, picnics, and trips around Vancouver, Victoria and US West Coast. The album includes a number of interesting images illustrating B.C. local history, for example a series of ca. 30 photos taken at the Woodward’s Annual Staff Picnic on the Mayne Island (the Southern Gulf Islands, B.C.) on July 18th 1923; the participants were taken to the island by the C.P.R. Coastal steamer “Princess Royal.” Woodward’s department store (located at the West Cordova St.) was the premiere shopping destination in Vancouver in the first half of the 20th century. The company went bankrupt in 1993, and the original building of the Woodward’s department store was demolished in 2006 for a subsequent redevelopment of the site.
The other interesting images show the storefront of a Piggly Wiggly grocery store and several portraits from a Piggly Wiggly Picnic in the Seaside Park in 1930. There are also photos from a camping trip to the Horseshoe Bay (Vancouver), views and portraits taken in the English Bay, Stanley Park, White Cliff Park, beach in White Rock, Crescent Beach, Active Pass, photo of a “N. Van. Ferry,” numerous portraits taken during road trips in front of automobiles (Bellingham, Cloverdale, Vancouver Island, “7 mi from Hotel Leopold,” Capilano Canyon, Cameron Lake, Crescent Beach, Mt. Baker et al.). Some images were taken on Vancouver Island, with photos of groups posing in front of private houses in Victoria, or in the Butchart Gardens; there are also nice views of the Union Bay, and totem poles in Sechelt. Several images are group family portraits taken in San Francisco, Portland, and Seattle.
Overall an attractive and vivid representation of Vancouver social life in the 1920s.


[Tinted Lithographed Bird’s-Eye View of Vancouver Waterfront, Titled:] The Harbour. Vancouver. British Columbia (from photo).

[Portland, 1889]. Tinted lithograph ca. 23,5x37 cm (9 3/8 x 23 ½ in). Original centerfold. Recently matted. A minor tear on the top of the centrefold neatly repaired, otherwise a very good lithograph.
A plate from “The West Shore: An Illustrated Western Magazin” (Portland, May 1889) depicts the Vancouver waterfront, with the first CPR station (1887) and trains, ships in the harbour, a part of the Deadman’s Island, and the North Shore Mountains in the background. The plate illustrated an article “Vancouver, British Columbia” published in the magazine (pp. 227-233).
“The rapidly increasing importance of this young and enterprising city entitles it to more than passing note, and The West Shore is pleased to present this month an account of its progress, present conditions and prospects, with illustrations, which will give an excellent idea of the appearance of the city. <…> The capacity of the city for marine commerce can never be outgrown, no matter what magnitude it may attain. Its adaptability to the demands of commerce, the means it has for focusing a large volume of business at that point, and its capacity for expansion, must make Vancouver one of the most important cities of the Pacific coast. The healthful climate and location and altogether pleasant surroundings render it a very desirable residence place, and the control which it exercises over the products of the interior is already making a prominent manufacturing city. As the terminus of the longest single railway line in the world it has an advantage that places it entirely beyond competition, and to this, as well as to its natural features of excellence, is due its phenomenal growth” (p. 227).


[Album with 15 Original Photographs of Vancouver, Mostly of Stanley Park, with Three Views of False Creek and English Bay].

Ca. 1910s. Oblong Octavo (ca. 17,5x25,5 cm), 18 album leaves (two loosely inserted). 15 mounted gelatin silver prints ca. 10x15 cm (3 7/8 x 5 ¾ in). All but one with period white ink captions on the mounts. Original grey paper wrappers album with stamped title “Photographs” on the front cover. Several images with minor silvering, otherwise a very good album.
Attractive photographs of Vancouver’s Stanley park views, showing the park’s entrance, main paths and alleys, impressive cedar trees, the Duck pond, the fog bell tower, “Water pipe line,” the Royal Corner and the Second beach. There is also a panoramic view of the North Shore mountains taken from Stanley park, as well as a view of downtown Vancouver taken from False Creek, with a wooden bridge on the left (apparently, the first Cambie street bridge constructed in 1891). The album closes with two photos of English Bay showing private houses on the waterfront, and swimmers and a boat near the surf.


[Chromolithographed Bird’s-Eye View of the Inner Harbour of Victoria, Titled:] Victoria, the Capital of British Columbia.

[Portland]: West Shore Lith., [1889]. Chromolithograph panorama ca. 24,5x77 cm (9 ¾ x 30 ¼ in). Recently matted. With original fold marks but otherwise a very good bright panorama.
This large and attractive chromolithograph shows the inner harbour of Victoria taken from the lawn in front of the Birdcages – the first Legislature buildings of British Columbia. The wooden bridge crosses the original James Bay before it was filled in 1903-1904.


[Lithograph Plate Titled]: Monument élevé á la mémoire du Capitaine Béring au Kamchatka. [Monument Erected in Memory of Captain Bering in Kamchatka].

Paris: Lith. De Thierry fréres, [1841]. Lithograph plate ca. 20,5x26 cm (8 x 10 ¼ in) with very wide margins. From the drawing by Masselot, lithographed by Blanchard. A near fine lithograph.
A plate from the “Atlas Pittoresque” to the official account of Abel Aubert Dupetit-Thouars circumnavigation in 1836-39 “Voyage autour du Monde sur la fregate La Vénus” (Paris, 1841-46). The plate shows French mariners at the monument to Vitus Bering erected in the city garden of Petropavlovsk.
The expedition of Dupetit-Thouars visited Kamchatka on August 30 – September 15, 1837. Dupetit-Thouars writes about it in the travel account (in translation):
“In the lower part of the garden, on the northern side, we also noticed a small monument erected in the memory of Bering: it is a single column, surmounted by a globe, the lattice fence carries a tablet on which we read KAПИTAHУ BИTУCУ БEPИНГУ (“To Capitan Vitus Bering”). Next to the monument in the middle of a clump of trees and flowers, stood a small very elegant kiosk. The plan of the city also showed on the other side of the creek, a monument to the memory of Clerke and Father de Croyère; but in vain we endeavored to find it – nobody could satisfy our curiosity in this regard, which gave us reason to believe, that the monument, which many travelers have spoken about, existed only as a project, or that time has erased the last traces of it even in the memory of the people…” (Voyage autour du Monde, vol. 2, chapter 4). NB: the monument to Charles Clerke in Petropavlovsk survives even today. It was erected in 1804 by the members of the first Russian circumnavigation under command of Adam Krusenstern, the monument was relocated in 1818, and reconstructed in 1914 and 2002. Nowadays it is situated in the centre of Petropavlovsk, on Leninskaya Street.
This monument to Vitus Bering, made in Saint Petersburg in 1823-1826, was erected in Petropavlovsk after 1827. At first next to the governor’s house, it was eventually moved several times, and is now “located near the harbor from which the navigator had started his expedition to America” (see: BaikalNature on-line).
"The voyage, ostensibly to report on the whale fisheries in the Pacific was political in nature. The presence of the frigate Venus in ports around the world would be of value to French commerce and diplomacy. After rounding Cape Horn, the expedition made calls up the coast of South America, to Hawaii, Kamchatka, and to California, in order to assist French traders who had been clamoring for support for some time… In 1838, the Venus made a run for Easter Island, further investigated the coast of South America, then sailed for the Galapagos and Marquesas Islands, Tahiti, and New Zealand" (Hill, p.91).


[Album with over 330 Original Photographs of Early Washington State Views; With Twenty Real Photo Postcards, Including Seventeen by L.D. Lindsey; the Album is Titled:] My High School “Stunt Book”. Begun Jan. 11, 1913.

Ca. 1911-1914. Oblong Quarto (ca. 26x30,5 cm). 50 black paper leaves (17 blank). With over 330 mounted gelatin silver prints (and three loosely inserted), from ca. 11x16 cm (4 ¼ x 6 ¼ in) to ca. 6,5x5 cm (2 ¾ x 2 in), many are postcard size. Eight photos are tinted. The majority with white ink manuscript captions on the mounts; the album with a white ink manuscript title on the first leaf. With twenty real photo postcards, all titled (and seventeen also signed) in negative. Original black cloth album. Two images apparently removed, but three additional loosely inserted. Album slightly rubbed on extremities and with a scratch on the front board, but overall in very good condition.
Nice and well preserved private album assembled by Seattle high school girl Leotta Foreman and covering her and her family’s travels throughout Washington State. The images include numerous views and group portraits taken in Mount Rainier National Park (the Reese’s Camp, Nisqually Glacier, Mt. Tacoma or Rainier, Mesler’s Camp), Lake Chelan (taken from the Moore’s Point, War Creek Trail, the Great Northern Railway; views of Mt. Agnes, Bridal Veil Falls, Bullion Canyon, Bridge Creek, Fields Point Landing et al.), Columbia River, Stehekin River and Rainbow Falls. There are also interesting photos of steamer “Tourist” at the Chelan Lake, steamer “Columbia” leaving Entiat, views of Wenatchee town, Okanogan Avenue in Chelan city, of a stage near the Chelan Hotel; an interesting group portrait of high school girls posing in front of the “Stadium High” confectionery in Seattle, a photo of the steamship “Sioux,” taken apparently in Puget Sound. The album closes with several views of Lake Crescent and the Ovington’s resort (including three real photo postcards titled in negative). The photos portray Leotta, her family and friends during numerous summer activities - while riding cars or horses, swimming, fishing, camping, enjoying outings and picnics, posing at a nearby ranch et al.
Seventeen real photo postcards by L.D. Lindsley from the “Chelan series” and “Wenatchee series” show the Chelan Lake, Field Hotel on the lake, Lincoln Rock (Columbia River), the Stehekin Valley, Bridge Creek, mail steamer “Tourist,” Mt. Agnes, Isella Glacier and others.


104. [WETMORE, William Shepard] (1801-1862)
[Four Autograph Signed Letters to William Wetmore from His Business Partners Regarding Market Conditions and Wetmore’s Business Affairs in South America and New York].

Valparaiso, Cadiz and New York, 1832-1837. Four autograph signed letters, all Quartos (ca. 27x20 cm or slightly smaller). In all 10 pp. of text. Brown ink on folded, all addressed, stamped and docketed on the last blank pages. Fold marks, minor holes on three letters after opening, in one case slightly affecting the text, otherwise a very good collection.
Four interesting letters addressed to noted American merchant William Shepard Wetmore, concerning his business dealings and market conditions in South America and New York. Two letters are written by his business partners in Chile “Alsop and Co” (Valparaiso, 25 April and 29 November 1832); one – by a Cadiz merchant A. Burton “on the instruction of Mr. John Cryder,” another partner of Wetmore (12 February 1833), and one – by a New York merchant Thomas P. Bucklin.
The letters discuss various matters of Wetmore’s trade, including arrival and departure of ships with his cargo, market fluctuations, business climate, quarantines, latest deals etc. The correspondents relate to a number of goods and articles which Wetmore traded with, including silk, copper, mercury (in other letters – quicksilver); the market conditions are reported about flour, sugars, various textiles (shirtings, cotton, silk etc.), tea, soap, gun powder, rice and others. Overall a nice collection of informative business letters regarding the dealings of an important American merchant.
William Shepard Wetmore entered the mercantile business at the age of 14, as an employee of Edward Carrington & Co. Of Providence, Rhode Island. In the 1820s he conducted active trade with the United States, England and South America, in partnership with Valparaiso import merchant Richard Alsop. In 1825 they were joined by Philadelphia native John Cryder. Four years later Wetmore retired and returned to the United States with a large fortune. In 1833-1839 he ran a successful business in Canton, as Wetmore & Co., trading in Chinese tea, silk, opium and other goods. His partners were Samuel Archer and John Cryder. In the 1840s Wetmore worked in New Your, having established a commission merchant firm of Wetmore, Cryder & Co. He retired in 1847 and permanently lived in his famous mansion Chateau-sur-Mer, the first of the Gilded Age mansions in Newport, Rhode Island.


105. [WHALING]
FARRAGUT, David Glasgow (1801-1870)
[Secretarial Copy of an Autographed Letter Signed by David Glasgow Farragut Concerning a Seized Whaler, Copied by his Clerk and Signed by him: "D.E. Farragut, Comd'g."]

La Paz, Mexico, 20 November 1855. Small Folio (ca. 29 x 20cm). One page. Brown ink on light blue wove paper. With fold marks and remnants of mounts on recto and verso, but overall a very good letter in a legible hand.
The original letter had been written by United States consular agent Thomas Sprague, addressed to "the commanding officer of any American Man of War." Sprague complained that "General Blancarte has seized the American whale-ship Rebecca Adams, removed the officers and crew on shore, and put them in prison, without any lawful cause. I have demanded their release, but as yet have not been able to procure it. There are also several females among these sufferers. The presence of an armed vessel is required instantly at this Port." The Rebecca Adams had left San Francisco in April 1855, and Starbuck makes no note of this incident or the vessel's eventual return to port (page 532). Farragut's clerk copied out the present copy at the Mare Island Navy Yard in California April 1st 1856, where it was signed by Farragut and forwarded to another officer for response.


[Original Framed and Matted Watercolour Initialed "A.J." & Titled:] Old Fort Garry Winnipeg 1870.

Winnipeg, Late 19th Century. Original matted and framed watercolour ca. 22x32,5 cm (8 ½ x13 in). Frame with some chipping of edges but watercolour overall in very good condition.
Interesting folk art watercolour of Fort Garry, which "was a Hudson's Bay Company trading post at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers in what is now downtown Winnipeg. It was established in 1822 on or near the site of the North West Company's Fort Gibraltar. Fort Garry was named after Nicholas Garry, deputy governor of the Hudson's Bay Company. It served as the centre of fur trade within the Red River Colony" (Wikipedia).


107. [YUKON]
[Collection of 109 Real Photo Postcards, 8 Printed Postcards, 22 Original Photographs and Various Ephemera from the Archive of the Watson Family - Yukon Pioneers and Owners of the Watson General Store in Carcross – the Oldest Operating Store in the Yukon].

Ca. 1900-1960s.
“The original Matthew Watson, as well as being a store owner, was Agent to the Mining recorder for many years. He bought the store in 1911 and was listed in a 1915 Gazetteer as having “General Merchandise, Miner’s Supplies and Guides for hunting parties.” Watson’s family ran the store for many years and it is still open today, making it one of the longest established businesses in the Yukon” (Almost a Ghost Town – Carcross, Yukon Territory/
A small collection of the Watson family materials is now deposited in the Yukon Archives (YCNYA YUK-905) with the following description: “The fond consists of original photographs and postcards, ca.1900-1918, depicting sternwheelers, White Pass and Yukon Route (WP&YR) trains, the residential school [Chooutla] at Carcross, Miles Canyon and views of Whitehorse including water delivery scenes. The textual records include a copy of the diary Martha Grace Watson wrote on her journey from Dyea, Alaska to Atlin, B.C. with her husband Matthew and their four children, March 10, 1899 - April 17th, 1899…”
Our collection contains:
1) 47 real photo postcards, including six privately issued, showing “New Watson residence, Whitehorse, nearing completion, Sept. 1909. Taken in Sept. before it was finished or walks laid;” a portrait of “Mom in Atlin visiting Bruce, about 1912 or 1913” (most likely, Martha Watson), and other family portraits. Among the studio issued real photo postcards the most interesting are: Steamer “Scotia” on Atlin Lake (with Atlin and Whitehorse postal stamps dated 1910 on verso), “Princess May” wrecked on Sentinel Island reef, Aug. 5th 1910 (by Winter & Pond); Floating down the Yukon, 1911; a street view in Atlin with a period ink inscription on verso “Look toward Post office & Royal Hotel, Atlin BC, May 23, 1914;” Stage leaving Whitehorse for Dawson (with Whitehorse postal stamps dated 1907); and First Passenger train leaves Prince Rupert, June 14, 1911 (with a Whitehorse postal stamp dated 1911).
Other real photo postcards from ca. 1900s-1950s show views of Carcross (aerial, general, street views), Whitehorse (including the interior of a native craft shop), Dawson, Yukon River and Whitehorse rapids, Miles Canyon, “Tramway around Whitehorse rapids,” Atlin, Prince Rupert, Juneau, Taco Glacier, “Yukon Fire Place made from Native Copper Ore,” steamer “Princess Maquinna” in Ketchikan, dog sledges, “Watson dogs in Whitehorse” and others. Most postcards are titled in negative, six are with additional manuscript or typewritten notes on recto or verso. Eleven are filled in and dated on verso or with postal stamps (Whitehorse, Skagway, Prince Rupert, Chilliwack, Vancouver) dated 1908-1974.
2) Eight printed postcards with the views of Atlin, Llewellen Glacier, Chilkoot Pass, Juneau Harbour, and Ketchikan, addressed to Matthew Watson or Martha Grace Watson and dated 1905-1912.
3) Sixteen early 1930-1960s reprints of the early real photo postcards showing Alaska, Yukon and the Klondike Gold Rush. The original postcards were issued by H.C. Barley, Larss & Duclos, and E. Ellingsen and show Dyea, prospectors’ boats on Lake Bennett, Front St. and various buildings in Dawson, Chilkoot Pass, first passenger train of the White Pass & Yukon Railway, a fire in Atlin in 1914, steamer “Hannah” leaving Dawson, gold miners and others. Six postcards are supplemented with typewritten notes on recto or verso.
4) 38 real photo postcards showing a map and views of the Alaska Highway, published by the U.S. Public Road Administration in ca. 1940s. Eleven postcards with minor loss of one of the upper corners or a part of the upper margin.
5) 22 original photographs from ca. 12x16 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¼ in) to ca. 7x11 cm (2 ¾ x 4 ¼ in) showing panoramas and street views of Whitehorse, the Yukon River, a military parade in Whitehorse (ca. In the 1940s), a train going through the snow covered WP & YR track, Miles Canyon, dog sledges and others. Ten photos are with manuscript ink or typewritten notes on verso.
6) Various private items and ephemera:
A pamphlet titled: Our Glorious Dead. Unveiling ceremony of a monument erected by public subscription at Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada, in memory of those from Whitehorse who fell in the Great War, 1914-1918. Ca. 24,5x15 cm. One of the choir members is Mr. M.B. Watson.
An obituary and memorial leaflet dedicated to the members of the Watson family (William Watson and William Farquhar Watson).
Newspaper clipping: Padgham, Massey. Telegraph Office open for business as part of museum// The Whitehorse Star. Jul. 2, 1980. With a signed M. Padgham’s business card.
Ten real photo and printed postcards addressed to Martha Grace Watson or her daughter Grace, with the Whitehorse, Victoria, Longbeach, Tacoma, Winnipeg, London, Paris, and Florence postal stamps dated 1909-1947.
Eleven postcards from ca. 1940s with minor loss of one of the upper corners or a part of the upper margin, but overall a very good collection.


108. ARAGO, J[acques Etienne Victor] (1790-1855)
[Atlas Only] Promenade Autour du Monde, Pendant les Annees 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820, sur les Corvettes du Roi l'Uranie et la Physicienne Commandees par M. Freycinet. [Narrative of a Voyage Round the World in the Uranie and Physicienne Corvettes Commanded By Captain Freycinet, During the Years 1817, 1818, 1819, 1nd 1820; on a Scientific Expedition Undertaken By Order of the French Government, in a Series of Letters].

Paris: Leblanc, 1822. First Edition, Second Issue. Folio Atlas with a world map and 25 other lithograph plates. This second issue complete but bound without the title page and list of plates as issued by publisher, see Forbes: Hawaiian National Bibliography 537 & 538. Period brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with black pebbled papered boards. Spine with some mild wear and some very minor water staining on the last few leaves, otherwise a very good copy.
"The Uranie, with a crew of 125 men under the command of Captain Louis de Freycinet, entered the Pacific from the West to make scientific observations on geography, magnetism, and meteorology. Arago was the artist of the expedition, which visited Western Australia, Timor, Hawaii, and New South Wales. The original ship was wrecked off the Falkland Islands. Two months later the expedition continued aboard the Physicienne, which stopped for a time at Rio de Janeiro. Captain Freycinet's wife, Rose Pinon, was smuggled on board at the advent of the voyage and made the complete journey, causing some discord among the crew. Freycinet named an island he discovered after her - Rose Island among the Samoa islands. These entertaining letters, written in a lively and witty literary style, provide vivid descriptions of the topography and the inhabitants of the Pacific Islands. The book achieved great success" (Hill 28-9). "The Hawaiian portion of the text, contained on more than 150 pages, records impressions of the artist's stops on Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu. Extensive portions of the text also record the Arago impressions of Australia, Guam, and the Marianas Islands. The artist's main interest (as reflected by the plate subjects) are of peoples encountered. Several of the plates record somewhat gruesome aspects of Hawaiian culture" (Forbes 537); Ferguson 850; Sabin 1867.


109. BERRY, W.R.
[Lithograph Titled:] Parliament Square, Ottawa. Ont.

Toronto: Lithographed by Rolph, Smith & Co., 1879. Lithographed view ca. 37x65,5 cm (14 ½ x 26 in). Original centre fold, with a couple of minor repaired tears of margin, otherwise a very good view.
Large attractive lithographed view of the newly constructed Parliament Hill. "By 1876, the structures of Parliament Hill were finished, along with the surrounding fence and gates. However, the grounds had yet to be properly designed; Governor General the Marquess of Dufferin and Ava sent chief architect Thomas Scott to New York City to meet with Calvert Vaux and view Central Park. Vaux completed a layout for the landscape of Parliament Hill, including the present day driveways, terraces, and main lawn, while Scott created the more informal grounds to the sides of and behind the buildings" (Wikipedia). The present lithograph shows Parliament Hill shortly after the grounds design had been completed.


110. CARRE, William H.
Art Work on British Columbia, Canada Published in Twelve Parts.

William H. Carre, 1900. First Edition. Folio. 22 leaves of text. With a photogravure frontispiece, a photogravure text illustration and 82 leaves of photogravure plates for a total of 112 photographic illustrations of Victoria, Vancouver and all other major towns in British Columbia. Twelve original subscribers parts in purple patterned gilt wrappers with black cloth spines. Housed in a later handsome black gilt tooled quarter morocco clam shell box with purple cloth boards. Overall a very good set.
Rare Important comprehensive photographic documentation of all the major BC towns and cities at the very beginning of the 20th century. With an introductory essay: "British Columbia's History and Development" by R. E. Gosnell (1860-1931), late Provincial Librarian. "In Canada, between circa 1900 and 1910, the William H. Carre Co. Issued.., works on Canadian cities using Artotype, a patented collotype printing process which produced the look of lithographs.
These pictorial works served to foster civic pride and most likely appealed to tourists of the day. In addition to being offered to the general public they were sold by subscription to the wealthy owners of the featured private residences.
With tissue guards protecting the illustrations and their covers elaborately decorated and often boasting gilt lettering, these publications imparted a sense of luxury and importance. Individual parts could be gathered in ribbon-tied portfolios, themselves frequently enhanced with marbled lining papers"(Canadian Centre for Architecture); "The plates are from contemporary photographs"(Lowther 1457).


111. CHAPPELL, Edward (1792-1861)
Narrative Of A Voyage To Hudson's Bay In His Majesty's Ship Rosamond Containing Some Account Of The North-Eastern Coast Of America And Of The Tribes Inhabiting That Remote Region.

London: J. Mawman, 1817. First Edition. Octavo. [xii], 279 pp. With a copper engraved folding map frontispiece, and with four other copper engraved plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled speckled full calf. Recased, skillfully using the original spine and boards. Some mild browning of text and offsetting from plates, but overall a very good copy.
"The journal, covering the period May-Nov. 1814, includes extended observations on Indians and Esquimaux and , p.256-279, a vocabulary of the language of the Cree or Knisteneaux Indians inhabiting the western shores of Hudson's Bay presented to the author by a trader who had resided thirty years in that country" (TPL 976); Arctic Bibliography 2994; Sabin 12005.


112. CHORIS, Louis (1795-1828)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales, Recueillis dans un Voyage Autour du Monde par Louis Choris [Views and Landscapes, Collected on a Voyage Around the World by Louis Choris].

Paris: Paul Renouard, 1826. First Edition. Folio (40,5x29 cm). [vi], 32 pp. With 24 hand-coloured lithographed plates. As usual without the letterpress leaf addressed to "l'Empereur de toutes les Russies" which is absent in the majority of copies. Handsome period green gilt tooled diced half sheep with green patterned cloth sides. Front board with a crease but overall a very good original copy.
A fine collection of hand coloured views drawn by Choris as expedition artist on Kotzebue's voyage in the Rurik to the Pacific, 1815-1818. This was Russia's second circumnavigation, which sailed through the South Seas and north to Alaska in search of the North-West Passage. These impressive plates, dedicated to Alexander von Humboldt, were not published in either Choris' Voyage Pittoresque (1822) nor in Kotzebue's account of the voyage (published in Weimar, 1821), and include scenes in Alaska, Hawaii, Kamchatka, the Marianas, Easter Island, South America, Manila, Cape of Good Hope and St. Helena.
"The coloring of the plates is vivid and strikingly beautiful; all have been designed by Choris.., In July 1815 Choris, at the age of 20, joined Otto von Kotzebue's expedition on the Rurik as the official artist. This was the first Russian circumnavigation devoted exclusively to scientific purposes and several well-known scientists contributed greatly to its success. Choris made a great many drawings during this voyage. In 1822 he published Voyage Pittoresque Autour du Monde.., Despite his using many of his drawings in that work, Choris found 24 subjects among the remaining drawings which he published 4 years later in the work herein described. Choris' drawings are original and faithful pictorial representations of the subjects he drew. In 1828 Choris visited America, including Mexico. On an expedition in the interior of that country he was killed by bandits" (Lada-Mocarski 90); Forbes 632; Howgego 1800-1850, K20; Sabin 12885.


113. COCKBURN, Lieut. Col. [James Pattison] (1779-1847)
The Falls of Niagara. This View of the Horse Shoe Fall, From Goat Island, Is by Special Permission Dedicated to Her Most Excellent Majesty Queen Victoria.

London: Ackermann & Co., 1857. Second Issue. Hand coloured aquatint by C. Hunt ca. 48,5x68 cm (19 ½ x 27 in). Recently matted and in a period frame. Frame with chipping of gilt edges, but overall a very good aquatint.
Plate 6 from a series of six large aquatints by C. Hunt after Lieut. Col. Cockburn. First issued in 1833, this is a plate from the second issue of this rare series from 1857. Engraved after a watercolour by army officer and water-colourist, James Pattison Cockburn, this attractive aquatint shows the powerful Horse Shoe Falls from Goat Island with a family group picnicking on Goat Island in the foreground.


114. DIXON, George (1748?-1795)
[NORTHWEST COAST OF AMERICA:] To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners ... This Chart of the North West Coast of America, with the Tracks of the King George and Queen Charlotte in 1786 & 1787...

London: W. Harrison & J. Reid, 24 December 1788. Uncoloured copper engraved map ca. 88,5x58 cm (34 ½ x 23 in). Copper engraved chart on laid paper with original centrefold. Backed, with a few tears and chips repaired and backing extending the lower margin, otherwise in very good condition.
Large chart of the West coast of North America from Nootka Sound to the Alaska Peninsula, from Dixon’s "A Voyage Round the World; but more Particularly to the North-West Coast of America" (London, 1789). "In 1785-87 [Dixon] sailed with Nathaniel Portlock for the King George’s Sound Company, which had been established <..,> for trading furs from the northwest coast of America to China. With the ships King George (under Portlock) and Queen Charlotte (under Dixon) they <..,> arrived on the Alaskan coast in July 1786. After wintering in the Sandwich Islands (winter 1786-87), the two captains returned to northern waters, visiting the Cook Inlet, Prince William Sound, the Alaskan mainland and the Queen Charlotte Islands. Dixon disposed of his cargo and returned to England in 1788, the following year publishing his popular Voyage Round the World. The bulk of the book consists of descriptive letters by William Beresford, his supercargo, but it contains valuable charts and appendices by Dixon himself. Dixon is generally credited with the discovery of the Queen Charlotte Islands (which were named after his ship), as well as Port Mulgrave, Norfolk Bay, Dixon’s Archipelago the Dixon Entrance, and several other features also bearing the name of his ship" (Howgego, to 1800, D58); Wagner 732; Lada-Mocarski 43.


115. DONCKER, Hendrick (1626-1699)
Pas-caerte van Groenlandt, Yslandt, Straet Davis en Ian Mayen Eylant; hoemen de selvige van Hitlant en de Noord kusten van Schotlant en Yrlant beseylen mach [Map of the North Atlantic Showing Southern Greenland, Iceland, Davis Strait, Baffin Island with Cumberland Sound, and Northern British Isles].

Amsterdam: Hendrick Doncker, ca. 1696. Copper engraved map ca. 43x52,5 cm (16 ¾ 20 ½ in). Original centerfold, blank on verso. Two repaired minor tears at top and bottom of the centrefold, otherwise a very good map.
This is the rare first state of this interesting map of the North Atlantic out of Doncker's De Zee-Atlas of water-waerelt. The map outlines the eastern approach to a probable Northwest passage, with detailed coastlines and anchorages. The map is supplemented with rhumblines, three compass roses and sailing ships and the title cartouche is decorated with figures of two Laplanders in native costume, holding a kayak, and a Dutch whaler with a harpoon. Hendrick Doncker would become one of the most active of the marine atlas and chart publishers in Amsterdam in the second half of the seventeenth century"(Burden 337).
"For about fifty years Hendrick Doncker ran a flourishing business in Amsterdam as a bookseller and publisher of sea atlases and textbooks on navigation.
In a period when so many maps and charts were simply copied from other publishers, Doncker's charts were his own work and were noted for their accuracy and constant improvement.
Apart from this work, he cooperated for many years with Pieter Goos and Anthonie Jacobsz in producing a pilot guide De Zeespiegel. Eventually his stock was sold to Johannes van Keulen" (Map; Tooley A-D p. 378.


116. DUNN, Samuel (d.1794)
Scientia Terrarum et Coelorum: Or the Heavens and Earth Astronomically and Geographically Delineated and Display'd...

London: R. Sayer & J. Bennett, 1st June 1781. Outline hand coloured copper engraved map, four sheets on two together ca. 104x124 cm (41 x 19 ½ in). Colouring slightly faded, some minor tears and chips of margins, but overall still a very good map.
"This is one of the most well-known wall maps from the latter part of the 18th century. The huge double-hemisphere map of the world is surrounded by celestial and astronomical maps, an inset world map on Mercator's projection, a map of the moon, and a fascinating explanation of the Vicissitude of Seasons (with a great graphic of the sun).
The map was first issued in 1772 and was updated and reissued several times over a 30 year period. This is the Sayer and Bennett edition with several important updates, including the complete set of tracks for the three voyages of Capt. Cook. It shows his discoveries in Australia and New Zealand, and those he made in the North Pacific on his third and final voyage" (Old World Auctions).


[Bird's-Eye Panoramic View of] Victoria, B. C. 1889.

Victoria B.C.: Ellis & Co., Publishers of "The Colonist", 1889. Tinted lithograph, printed image ca. 65x100 cm (26x40 in). With a couple of very minor repaired marginal tears, not affecting printed image. Mounted in a recent mat and attractively framed in a black wooden molded frame. A near fine lithograph.
Rare as Worldcat only locates nine copies. This large lithographic panoramic view shows Victoria B.C. As viewed from a bird's eye from the Strait of San Juan Fuca looking north. This view includes a key which identifies 63 places of interest.
"Erected in 1843 as a Hudson's Bay Company trading post on a site originally called Camosun (the native word was "camosack", meaning "rush of water") known briefly as "Fort Albert", the settlement was renamed Fort Victoria in 1846, in honour of Queen Victoria. The Songhees established a village across the harbour from the fort. The Songhees' village was later moved north of Esquimalt. When the crown colony was established in 1849, a town was laid out on the site and made the capital of the colony. The Chief Factor of the fort, James Douglas was made the second governor of the Vancouver Island Colony (Richard Blanshard was first governor, Arthur Edward Kennedy was third and last governor), and would be the leading figure in the early development of the city until his retirement in 1864..,
With the discovery of gold on the British Columbia mainland in 1855, Victoria became the port, supply base, and outfitting centre for miners on their way to the Fraser Canyon gold fields, mushrooming from a population of 300 to over 5000 literally within a few days. Victoria was incorporated as a city in 1862. In 1865, Esquimalt was made the North Pacific home of the Royal Navy, and remains Canada's west coast naval base. In 1866 when the island was politically united with the mainland, Victoria was designated the capital of the new united colony instead of New Westminster - an unpopular move on the Mainland - and became the provincial capital when British Columbia joined the Canadian Confederation in 1871" (Wikipedia); Reps 38.


118. FRANK, Leonard (1870-1944)
[Collection of Six Original Photographs of Vancouver, B.C.].

Ca. 1930. Six silver gelatin prints ca. 17x22 cm (6 ½ x 9 in) and two silver gelatin ca. 6x22,5 cm (2 ½ x 9 in) and smaller. All but one with the Leonard Frank Photos studio stamp on verso and two with the additional blind stamp. Some images with damage: one with minor creasing and with a small chip of lower blank margin; one with a small chip of lower blank margin and a small hole slightly affecting image; one with a crease and a break, but overall a good collection.
The attractive images show; Granville Street; English Bay Beach; Waterfront Vancouver; Vancouver Steamship Docks; Vancouver Panorama; Kitsilano Swimming Pool - Largest Salt Water Pool in Canada.
Leonard Frank (1870-1944) was a BC photographer who started in Alberni (ca. 1898-1916), but became famous during his almost 40-years career in Vancouver (1917-1944). Forced to leave Vancouver Island because of anti-German sentiments during WW1, Frank “established a brief partnership in Vancouver with Orville J. Rognon between 1918 and 1919 as the Commercial Photo Company. Frank continued to operate under that name until about 1926-1927 when he started using his own name for the business. Leonard Frank Photos established an enviable reputation as industrial and commercial photographers and Leonard Frank continued photographing almost until he died” (“Camera Workers…” online, vol. 1, 2). Two major collections of Leonard Frank’s photos are housed in the Vancouver Public Library and the Jewish Museum & Archives of B.C.


119. HAMILTON, Sir Charles (1767-1849)
[Autograph Letter Signed “Hamilton” Regarding the Naval Career of his Relative, Mr. Edward Ford Hamilton].

31 August, ca. 1805. Octavo (ca. 23x18,5 cm). 1 p. Brown ink on white paper watermarked “E. Whilding, 1805”. Mild fold marks, creases and minor tears in the right lower corner, otherwise a very good letter.
A private letter from Sir Charles Hamilton, Admiral, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Newfoundland in 1818-24. “Sir, I have been referred to you by Mr. Robt. Dundas respecting the Cadetship for Mr. Edward Ford Hamilton how serving as Midshipman in the Cornwallis Frigate in the East Indies. He was eighteen years of age last Christmas and there can be no collusion, as he is in his Majesty’s service and on the ships Books, but if there is any information respecting what I ought to do I shall be very much obliged to you to write it to me, as it will not conveniently be in my power to be in London for some weeks, and I shall be much obliged to you to direct to Sir Charles Hamilton at Col. Parkins…”


Mappa Geographica, Complectens I. Indiae Occidentalis Partem Mediam Circum Isthmum Panamensem II. Ipsumq. Isthmum III. Ichnographiam Praecipuorum Locorum & Portuum. [Map of Central America and the Caribbean Sea].

Nuernberg, 1731. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 57x48 cm (22 ½ x 19 in). Margins closely cropped to plate mark, with no loss of image, otherwise a very good map.
"This informative and very graphic folio sheet has a large map of the region, titled "Carte des Isles de l'Amerique et Deplusieurs Pays de Terre Ferme," attributed to D'Anville (1731). It covers the Gulf of Mexico, Central America and all of the Caribbean islands. It is nicely detailed with a key to show European possessions and a beautifully engraved title cartouche. Above the main map is the large, decorative title cartouche, flanked by insets of the isthmus of Panama and a plan of St. Augustine in Florida. Below the map is a large view of Mexico City, flanked by plans of Vera Cruz and San Domingo. A very handsome sheet, absolutely filled with information on the West Indies" (Old World Auctions).


121. LANGE, Henry (1821-1893)
Kartenwerk zu Dr. Karl Andree's Nord-Amerika: Nach den neuesten Materialien, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf physikalische Verhältnisse und genauer Angabe der county-eintheilung, der Eisenbahnan, canäle, poststrassen und Dampfschifffahrt, in 18 Blättern mit erläuterndem Texte. [Cartography to Dr. Karl Andree's North America: According to the latest materials, with special consideration given to physical conditions, and showing the county divisions, railways lines, canals, postal and steamship routes etc.]

Braunschweig: George Westermann, 1854. First Edition. Large Octavo. 2 fold-out leaves and 28 fold out pages. With eighteen folding lithographed outline hand-coloured maps. Original publisher's blue gilt blind stamped cloth. Upper front joint with minor split, otherwise a very good copy.
"The eighteen maps and text comprise a general atlas of North America, with special emphasis on Texas and California. The Texas map shows in colored outline the lands granted to the Adelsverein and has the post road from Indianola to New Braunfels marked in red. The map of Oregon, California, Utah, New Mexico, etc. shows the gold regions in California and has an inset map of San Francisco Bay. There is also a striking separate map of San Francisco Bay titled "Bai San Francisco und Vereinigung des Sacramento mit dem San Joaquin." It has a lovely inset view of San Francisco and shows the routes by river to Sacramento and San Joaquin" (; Sabin 1464.


122. LONDON, Jack (1876-1916)
[A Bank Cheque for Two US Dollars Signed by Jack London and Given to John Tyner].

San Francisco, 5 October 1914. Cheque of the Merchants National Bank, filled in and signed by Jack London, ca. 7x15,5 cm. Stamped, perforated and with John Tyner’s name written in ink by a bank clerk on verso. A near fine document.
A cheque signed by Jack London during his later years spent at the Beauty Ranch (near Glen Ellen, California). “Jack London, pseudonym of John Griffith Chaney American novelist and short-story writer whose works deal romantically with elemental struggles for survival. He is one of the most extensively translated of American authors” (Encyclopaedia Britannica). London was an oyster pirate in the San Francisco Bay, went to Japan as a sailor, took part in the Klondike Gold Rush, and cruised on his yacht “Snark” to the South Pacific.


123. LUMSDEN, Ernest Stephen (1883-1948)
[Original Etching Titled (in Reverse):] Times Office, Victoria B.C.

1906. Original etching ca. 15x21 cm (6 x 8 ½ in). Recently matted and framed, etching is in very good condition.
The etching shows the office of the former Victoria Daily Times, established in 1884 on Fort Street in Victoria. "Between 1905 and 1946 E.S. Lumsden produced some 350 etchings most of which are represented in a collection held in the Burnaby Art Gallery, British Columbia, Canada. He always printed his own plates. Lumsden was elected an associate of the Royal Society of Painter-Etchers in 1909 and raised to the full membership in 1915; He was elected an Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1923 and a full member in 1933; and he was President of the Society of Artist Printers from 1929 to 1947" (Wikipedia).


124. MATTHEWS, Marmaduke RCA, OSA (Canadian 1837-1913 )
[Original Signed Watercolour Titled:] Evening at Leanchoil.

Ca. 1890. Watercolour ca. 19x43 cm (7 ½ x 17 in). The watercolour is glazed, matted and framed. Overall a very good watercolour.
The watercolour shows the Canadian Pacific Railroad tracks at Leanchoil B.C. (Between Field and Golden) with the Rocky Mountains of Yoho National Park in the background. Mathews "studied watercolour painting at Oxford University before moving to Toronto Canada in 1860 to embark on a career as an esteemed painter of western landscapes. He was hired by the Canadian Pacific Railway to paint the Canadian prairies and rocky mountains. He worked under William Van Horne, then-president of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and made several cross-country trips to Canada's west, including in 1887, 1889 and 1892. He reportedly drew his sketches from the cowcatcher of a locomotive train" (Wikipedia).


125. MAY, Commander Walter William A.
Division of Sledges Finding and Cutting a Road Through Heavy Hummocks. In the Queen's Channel. [Plates VIII & IX on one Leaf From the Rare:] "A Series of Fourteen Sketches made During the Voyage up Wellington Channel in Search of Sir John Franklin, K.C.H., and the Missing Crews of H.M. Discovery-Ships Erebus and Terror; together with a Short Account of Each Drawing."

London: Day and Son, May 1, 1855. Tinted lithograph, printed images each ca. 15x23 cm (6x9 in). Recently matted lithographs in very good condition.
"Walter William May, lieutenant on the Assistance, whose sketches would form the basis of a handsome plate book" (Howgego Polar Regions 1850-1940, B15). The Assistance was part of Sir Edward Belcher's expedition which searched the Wellington Channel (1852-54). Belcher's "expedition is distinguished from all other Arctic expeditions as the one in which the commanding officer showed an undue haste to abandon his ships when in difficulties, and in which one of the ships so abandoned rescued herself from the ice, and was picked up floating freely in the open Atlantic" (Oxford DNB); Abbey Travel II, 646.


126. MEREDITH, Edmund Allen (1817-1898)
[Autograph Letter Signed “Meredith” to James McFesters, the Mayor of Bowmanville, Regarding Russian Guns Captured During the Crimean War and Transferred to Canada].

Toronto: Secretary’s Office, 19 May 1859. Folio (ca. 33x20,5 cm). 2 pp., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on F.A. Gordon blue laid paper watermarked “1858,” docketed on verso of the second leaf. Fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
An official letter with an interesting subject, written by Edmund Allen Meredith, the Assistant Provincial Secretary of Upper Canada (1847-67), Under-Secretary of State for the Dominion of Canada (1867-73), First Deputy Minister of the Department of the Interior (1873-78).
Addressing James McFesters, the Mayor of Bowmanville (Ontario), Meredith writes: “I have the honour to receive and lay before His Excellency the Governor General your letter of the 17th Instant, enquiring whether any of the Guns captured by the British during the Russian War and forwarded to Canada will be allowed to the Town of Bowmanville. His Excellency desires me to state that until the Members of the Executive Council who are now absent from Toronto, reassemble, His Excellency cannot decide upon the distribution of these Guns. The claim of the Town of Bowmanville will then be considered.”
Thousands of Russian guns and mortars were captured with the fall of Sevastopol on 9 September 1855 marking the end of the Crimean War. The guns were presented to different cities in Britain (Bath, Bradford, Glasgow, Dublin, Edinburgh et al), and were also shipped to Canada, Australia and New Zealand.


127. MONSELL, William (1812-1894)
Papers on the Union of British Columbia with the Dominion of Canada.

London, 1869. First Edition. Folio. 31 pp. Original publisher's printed paper wrappers. Stitching gone so leaves loose, wrappers slight foxed and with a couple of minor blank marginal tears, last few leaves with clipped lower outer blank margin corners, but overall still a good copy.
Important primary source document for the circumstances, conditions and terms of the entrance of British Columbia into the Dominion of Canada. Included are dispatches from Amor De Cosmos (second Premier of British Columbia), Earl Granville, Governor Seymour etc. Also included is a detailed description of the Yale Convention. "The Confederate League propose holding at Yale, on Monday, 14th September, 1868, a Convention of Delegates, for the purpose of accelerating the admission of this Colony into the Dominion of Canada, upon equitable and beneficial terms, and also, to devise means to secure Representative Institutions with Responsible Government for this Colony; and to take such other steps as the Convention may deem proper to obtain redress of the numerous grievances under which this country now suffers" (The British Colonist, British Columbia, August 26, 1868); Lowther 330.


128. MORRELL, Captain Benjamin (1795-1839)
A Narrative of Four Voyages to the South Sea, North and South Pacific Ocean, Chinese Sea, Ethiopic and Southern Atlantic Ocean, Indian and Antarctic Ocean, from the Year 1822 to 1831, comprising Critical Surveys of Coasts and Islands, with Sailing Directions, and an Account of some New and Valuable Discoveries, including the Massacre Islands, Where Thirteen of the Author's Crew were Massacred and Eaten by Cannibals, to which is prefixed a brief Sketch of the Author's Early Life.

New York: J. & J. Harper, 1832. First Edition. Octavo. xxvii, 492, 4 pp. With a steel engraved frontispiece. Late 19th century brown gilt tooled half morocco with marbled boards. Text with some foxing and a few spot of mild margin water staining, but overall a very good copy.
"The work is of great interest and is one of the earliest first-hand records of many of the South Sea islands'. He visited numerous Pacific islands including New Zealand, New Britain, New Ireland, New Guinea, Fiji, the Philippines, Massacre Islands, Monteverdeson's Group, Darien, Cocos Island, Valdivia, Falkland Islands, etc. The work is the source from which Edgar Allan Poe derived his famous Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym" (Hill 204); Sabin 50778.


129. OMMANNEY, Erasmus Austin, Commander, RN (1850-1938)
[Collection of Twelve Autograph Letters Signed to His Father and Mother (Including two letters by his Superiors), Related to His Naval Service in the West Indies and Quebec, and with Travel Notes about Halifax and Saint John’s, Newfoundland].

Various locations: Gosport Royal Academy, HMS Britannia, Chew Magna, HMS Aurora (at Port Royal and Quebec), SS Hibernian, Halifax, SS Alpha, St. Thomas (Barbados), 1 April 1863 – [26 June 1876]. Twelve Octavo letters (from ca. 18x11,5 cm to ca. 21x13,5 cm). In all 67 pp. of text. Brown or black ink on letter paper (white, blue or green); ten letters by E.A. Ommanney and two by his superiors. Fold marks, some letters weak on folds, with minor tears; two with traces from old staples being removed. Overall a very good collection.
Twelve autograph letters related to the naval career of Commander Erasmus Austin Ommanney, a son of distinguished Arctic explorer Admiral Sir Erasmus Ommanney (1814-1904), who commanded the "Assistance" on the first Franklin Relief Expedition of 1850 and was responsible for discovering the first traces of Franklin's party. Covering the period of thirteen years, the letters contain interesting notes about Quebec, Saint John’s (Newfoundland), Halifax, and naval service in the West Indies.
Nine early letters date back to the time of Ommanney’s studies in the Gosport Royal Academy (1863) and his service as a midshipman on HMS Britannia and Aurora (1864-1867), including a superior’s note about him successfully having passed the summer exam (16th out of 64; 1863); and news of him becoming a midshipman “with a first class certificate, <…> a good conduct certificate and a gold compass” (Sept. 30, 1864). Two letters written on board HMS Aurora tell about his service in the West Indies - Barbados, Trinidad, La Guaira (Venezuela) and Port Royal (Jamaica), with a detailed description of the recovery of the wreck of HMS Bulldog which ran aground near Cap-Haitien in 1865, whilst attacking the port as part of a punitive raid against local revolutionaries. The recovery was conducted using “diving dresses;” and later Ommanney went on shore to witness the destruction of the city: “the shot had great effect upon the town, the houses knocked about a great deal <…> The forts are in ruins, the guns are in a most ludicrous state, some turned right over others on their sides & I should not care to be close to them when they were fired off as I think they might chance to burst, they look so rotten” (March 18, 1866).
Three letters written while a midshipman on HMS Aurora stationed in Quebec contain an interesting description of Ommanney’s ten-day trip “into the woods,” down the Murray River to the Murray Bay (La Malbaie, north shore of St. Lawrence River). The party of three went down the river in bark canoes, accompanied by four Indians, slept in wigwams and enjoyed “capital fishing” and “magnificent scenery <…> we were sitting in canoes being moved along quickly but swiftly among tremendous high steep mountains, they were like a lot of “Gibraltars” all together, but thickly wooded.”
The letter from Ommanney’s superior on HMS Aurora informed his father that he had received a first class certificate and had been sent temporarily to a gunboat “Prince Albert” stationed between Windsor and Sarnia on the Great Lakes, “as it is expected that the Fenians intend giving some more trouble out here.”
Three letters written by Ommanney in May-June 1876, during his travel to his new ship - HMS Rover stationed in Port Royal (Jamaica), have some distinct notes on Saint John’s (Newfoundland) and Halifax. The houses in St. John’s “are of wood and very irregularly built, the streets are badly paved & very dirty and a strong smell of fish pervades the whole place; whalers and seal ships come here a great deal.” When entering St. John’s harbour Ommanney’s steamboat struck an iceberg, and “fortunately no damage was done <…> it only grazed along the side. It had such a peculiar appearance, with the light shining on it <…> Female passengers were greatly agitated & thought their last moments had arrived.”
“I find Halifax very dull & it seems quite different to what I remember it in former days <…> The country is not very pretty, all the trees seem so stunted, the roads are disgraceful everywhere, both town & country <…> Fog seems to be the great feature of the place, it has hardly been fine one whole day since I have been here.”
The collection is supplemented with a later card inscribed by E.A. Ommanney’s son, stating that it was his father who found relics of Franklin’s expedition while on board Aurora under Sir Leopold McClintock. In fact, it was E.A. Ommanney’s father, Sir Erasmus, who found the first Franklin relics while commanding HMS ‘Assistance’ on Horatio Austin’s Admiralty search for Franklin in 1850.
Ommanney was appointed to HMS corvette “Rover,” Commander Thomas Barnardiston, on 28 April 1876 (The Navy List, Corrected to the 20 June 1877. London: John Murray, 1877, p. 169). He retired from the navy with the rank of Commander in 1879. He took Holy Orders in 1883, serving his ministry as a vicar in the South seas.


130. PARRY, Sir William Edward (1790-1855)
[A Collection of Two Autograph Letters Signed "W. Parry"; With Two Engraved Portraits of William Parry]: Sir Captn. W.E. Parry, R.N.

Letters: 1) Mattishall, 17 April 1835. Quarto (ca. 23x18 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, docketed on the 4th page. 2) Greenwich Hospital, 1 May 1854. 12mo (ca. 17,5x11,5 cm). Brown ink on laid paper, docketed in a different hand in the end of the letter. Both letters with fold marks, second letter slightly stained on the last blank page, otherwise a very good pair. Portraits: stipple engraved book plates, ca. 14x12 cm (from the European Magazine, London, 1821) and ca. 7,5x6 cm (by J. Limbird). Very good portraits.
These two original letters written by a renowned Arctic explorer William Parry relate to the time of his government service in the 1830s and 1850s - as an Assistant Poor-Law Commissioner in the County of Norfolk (1835-1836) and a governor of the Greenwich Hospital (1854 until his death). In the first letter addressed to some “R. Kerrinson, Esq.” Parry asks for the “Norwich Papers”, as well as “a Copy of a small publication I have seen, containing the Parliamentary Returns of the Population &c. Of the county, divided into Kindreds and Parishes.” He is also looking forward to hear about “what you have done in compliance with the Order for Relief in kind”. In the end Parry adds: “Will you ask the Governor to allow a Couple of the Copies of the Printed Notice to Overseas & to be pasted up in the Workhouse”. The second letter was written by Parry in the rank of a governor of the Greenwich hospital to some Rev. Reginald Smith (as seen from the docket). The letter regards the donation made by the correspondent in favour of “Sailors”, which needed to be forwarded to the Military Association.
The letters are supplemented with two stipple engraved portraits of William Parry, both based on the famous Parry portrait by Samuel Drummond (National Portrait Gallery).


131. PICKEN, M., Compiler
City Of Vancouver, Terminus Of The Canadian Pacific Railway. British Columbia Hand Book.

Vancouver: Daily News Office, February 1887. First Edition. 88 pp. With a folding index plan of Vancouver with a scale roughly two miles to the inch. Original pink wrappers, extremities very mildly faded, but overall quite possibly the best existent copy.
With no copy found in Worldcat this great rarity is the first book printed in Vancouver and is no doubt one of the most historically important printed in the city. The work describes the first year of the city’s history and includes the first business directory and additionally the first advertisements for Vancouver businesses on pages 65-88. No other book was printed in Vancouver until two years later in 1889. The compiler states: "In compliance with the request of a large number of the influential citizens, I submit to them .., such information as will be interesting to .., enquirers, for information regarding this important city of the West" (Preface). Lowther 756; Not in Vancouver Centennial Bibliography.


132. RICHARDS, Sir George Henry, Captain R.N. (1820-1896)
The Vancouver Island Pilot, containing sailing directions for the Coasts of Vancouver Island, and part of British Columbia. Compiled from the surveys made by… in H.M. Ships Plumper and Hecate, between the years 1858 and 1864.

London: Printed for the Hydrographic Office, Admiralty, 1864. First Edition. Large Octavo. ix, [i], 270, [1] pp. With the ownership inscription of James Gilmore of Port Townsend Dec. 1887 on the front fly leaf. Gilmore was a steamship contractor for the US postal service. Original publishers' blue gilt titled patterned cloth. Cover cloth slightly wrinkled, but overall a very good copy.
Very rare first edition. "Valuable for early description" (Lowther 229).
In 1856, the British Admiralty appointed Captain Richards to the Anglo-American boundary commission to settle the Oregon Boundary dispute by ordering a new survey of the coastal waters around British Columbia. Richards was given command of the steam survey vessel H.M.S. Plumper so he could provide a British military presence on Vancouver Island as well. He surveyed the international boundary through the San Juan Islands and although he met several times with American Commissioner, Archibald Campbell, the two sides failed to settle the boundary until 1871-72. In addition, over 14,000 gold miners had arrived by June 1858 from the California gold-fields, and the Admiralty desperately needed Richards to finish the survey up the Fraser River, which was going slowly because the Plumper was inadequate for the tides which ran up to 8 knots. In 1860, the Hecate, a paddle-sloop arrived at Esquimalt to replace the Plumper and for the next 2 years they made excellent progress. After Richards departed to complete his third circumnavigation of the globe, his senior assistant surveyor, Daniel Pender, stayed behind to complete the survey of the British Columbia coastline using the famous paddle Steamer, Beaver, hired from the Hudson’s Bay Company. Captain Richards’ original manuscript letter-book, field notebook, and captain’s journal from the survey remain in private hands. Walbran p.421-2.
"In 1852 [Richards] served again under Belcher, this time on a voyage to the Arctic in search of the Franklin expedition. No sign of Franklin was found, despite a number of prodigious sledge journeys, including one by Richards which lasted for ninety-three days. Belcher proved more overbearing and unreasonable than ever on this mission and Richards's tact and judgement were critical in holding the operation together. He was promoted captain in 1854. Between 1856 and 1863 he carried out surveys of Vancouver Island and parts of British Columbia.
In 1863 Richards was appointed hydrographer to the Royal Navy, and began work in January 1864. Among his innovations was to make charts readily available for general use on Royal Navy ships, so that all officers, not only those responsible for navigation, would become familiar with them. He also organized the compilation and publication of charts showing prevailing winds and currents for each quarter of the year and improved the training of pilots. Under Richards hydrographic activity concentrated on areas of strategic importance, such as Canada when the USA was expanding into Alaska, or the newly opened Suez Canal in 1870, and areas of economic expansion such as Japan and Chile in the 1860s. Following the successful laying of an Atlantic submarine cable from the Great Eastern in 1866, British ships began laying cables in other parts of the world. Naval surveying ships undertook preliminary work, taking soundings along the proposed routes and sampling the seabed: these activities coincided with a surge of interest in the scientific exploration of the sea" (Oxford DNB).


133. SCOTT, Captain Robert Falcon (1868-1912)
[Framed Photogravure Portrait Titled:] Captain Robert Falcon Scott, R.N., C.V.O., F.R.G.S.; Leader of the National Antarctic Expeditions 1901-1904 & 1910-1912; Born June 6th 1868. Died March 1912. [With his Printed Facsimile Signature (lower right)].

London: Maull & Fox, Photographers, ca. 1913. Photogravure ca. 40x24 cm (16 x 9 ½ in). Glazed and framed in a period oak frame. Signs of minor abrasion to outer left blank margin, but overall a very good photogravure.
Scott reached the South Pole on 17 or 18 January 1912. " 'This is an awful place’, wrote Scott in his journal, ‘and terrible enough for us to have laboured to it without the reward of priority.’ Following the discovery of Amundsen's tent, with its note for Scott stating that he had achieved his objective on 14 December 1911, the dejected Britons began their return journey—‘800 miles of solid dragging—and good-bye to most of the day-dreams’.., [running out of food, Scott and his companions died on their way to One Ton Depot, but before his end Scott recorded his] ‘Last Message’: Had we lived, I should have had a tale to tell of the hardihood, endurance and courage of my companions which would have stirred the heart of every Englishman. These rough notes and our dead bodies must tell the tale" (Oxford DNB).


134. SPRENGEL, Matthias Christian (1746-1803)
Alexander Mackenzie's Reise nach dem Nördlichen Eismeere vom 3. Jun. Bis 12 September 1798. Aus dem Englischen übersetzt und mit Anmerkungen versehen. [Alexander Mackenzie’s Travel to the Northern Polar Sea from 3 June to 12 September 1798…].

Weimar: Verlage des Landes-Industrie-Comptoirs, 1802. First German Edition. Small Octavo. T.p., 61 pp. With a folding copper engraved map at rear, Mackenzie’s track outlined in hand colouring. Period style brown half calf with marbled paper boards; gilt tooled spine with gilt lettered title label. A very good copy.
First German edition of Alexander Mackenzie’s travels to the Arctic Ocean and the discovery of the Mackenzie River in 1789 (the title shows the travel date as 1798 in error). The book was translated into German by Matthias Christian Sprengel, a German geographer and historian, and published as part of the series which he edited “Bibliothek der neuesten und wichtigsten Reisebeschreibungen” (7, vol. 2).
Mackenzie “was for several years engaged in the fur trade at Fort Chippewyan, at the head of Lake Athabasca, and it was here that his schemes of travel were formed. His first journey, made in 1789, was from Fort Chippewyan along the Great Slave Lake, and down the river which now bears his name to the Arctic Ocean; and his second, made in 1792 and 1793, from Fort Chippewyan across the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific coast near Cape Menzies. He wrote an account of these journeys, Voyages on the River St Lawrence and through the Continent of North America to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans (London, 1801), which is of considerable interest from the information it contains about the native tribes. It is prefaced by an historical dissertation on the Canadian fur trade. Amassing considerable wealth, Mackenzie was knighted in 1802, and later settled in Scotland” (Encyclopaedia Britannica).


135. SPROAT, Gilbert Malcolm (1834-1913)
British Columbia. Information for emigrants. Issued by the Agent-General for the Province.

London: W. Clowes and Son, [1873]. Octavo. [1-] 96 pp. plus 4 pp. advertisements at end. Title wood-engraved vignette. Wood-engraved frontispiece view of the 'Harbour and Site of Victoria', a folding colour lithographed map, and three wood-engraved illustrations in text. Original yellow pictorial printed wrappers. Wrappers with some expertly repaired chips but overall in very good original condition.
Gilbert Malcolm Sproat arrived on Vancouver Island in 1860, where he helped to found the first sawmill in Port Alberni, British Columbia. On 24 July. 1863 he was made the justice of the peace for the Colony of Vancouver Island. Following British Columbia's entry into Canadian Confederation in 1871, Sproat became the new province's agent general in London, a position he held from 1872 until his return to the province in 1876. Sproat Lake and Sproat Lake Provincial Park on Vancouver Island were named in his honour. Lowther 411.


136. SQUIER, Ephraim George (1821-1888)
[Autograph Letter Signed to Samuel Birch regarding tickets to the reading room of the British Museum, and the forthcoming meeting of the Archaeology Department].

Morley, Friday. Small octavo (ca. 18x11 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on laid paper. Fold marks and traces of the old mount on verso, not affecting the text. Overall a very good letter.
A letter by a prominent American archaeologist Ephraim George Squier is addressed to the head of the antiquities department of the British Museum and one of the first British Egyptologists Samuel Birch (1813-1885). In the letter Squier thanks Birch for the tickets to the Reading Room of the Museum and expresses “great pleasure in attending the meeting of the Archy S[ection?] this afternoon”. He adds: “I shall also be happy if I can in any way contribute to the [issue?] of its proceedings.”
Ephraim George Squier was an American archaeologist, author, businessman, editor and diplomat, known for its works about the archaeology of USA, Central and South America: “Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley (1848), “Nicaragua: Its People, Scenery, Monuments” (1852), “Peru: Incidents of Travel and Exploration in the Land of Incas” (1877) et al. Squier worked as a special chargé d'affaires to Guatemala (1849-50), US Commissioner to Peru (1863-65), Consul-General of Honduras at New York City (1868) et al.


137. STUART, Rev. John (1740-1811)
[Autograph Letter Signed "Jn. Stuart" to His Son, James Stuart, then Personal Secretary of Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada Sir Robert Milnes].

Kingston [Upper Canada], 8 November 1803. Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm). 1 p. (with three lines on verso). Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Fold marks and minor separation on folds, paper age toned at extremities, but overall a very good letter.
An interesting document from one of the prominent loyalist families of the Upper Canada. This is a private letter from the first Anglican missionary in Upper Canada John Stuart to his son James Stuart, then a secretary of Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada, and subsequently Attorney General and Chief Justice of Lower Canada.
Stuart’s main concern in the letter is the fate of his second daughter Mary (then 16 years old), who was to move to Montreal, so James as her older brother was to take care of her: “A sudden opportunity offers today to send Mary to Montreal, under the car of Mr. & Mrs. Hamilton, late Publicans in Queenstown <…> Of course she must remain with Mrs. Reid till she can with Conveniency and Propriety be delivered into Mrs. Mountain’s hands <…> I must depend wholly on you to have her moved to Quebec, when and how you find most expedient and proper <…> I happened to be almost without cash; but I have given her a couple of Half Joes, which will serve her Purpose, till you receive her. I need not say that her Expenditures at Quebec must be regulated by you. Therefore, whatever small Articles of Dress Mrs. Mountain recommends, you will procure and have them charged to me.”
John Stuart also mentions that his sons Charles and George (with his new wife) arrived “in good Health and Spirits.” It’s interesting to see Stuart’s notes about his new daughter-in-law (Lucy Brooks, whose father was to become a governor of Massachusetts in 1816): “She is very small, but I think he has made a judicious choice. The Family is respectable; and if I may judge by the Baggage (two Cart Loads) he must have made a pretty good Bargain in a worldly sense. Indeed, we have every reason to approve of his choice.”
The Reverend John Stuart was the first Anglican missionary in Upper Canada. He was raised and educated in Philadelphia, and came to Canada in 1781 as Chaplain to Sir John Johnson’s Royal Yorkers. He was a schoolmaster in Montreal in 1781-85; Missionary to the Mohawks at the Bay of Quinte and to the Whites in Kingston in 1785-1811; Bishop’s Official for Upper Canada in 1789-1811; Chaplain to the Legislative Council of Upper Canada in 1792-1807. He was the first school master in Upper Canada and he induced Lieutenant-Governor Hope to erect a school house in Kingston.
Sir James Stuart,1st Baronet of Oxford (1780-1853), an important figure in the law and politics of the Upper Canada. He was called to the bar in 1801, served as a secretary for Lieutenant Governor Sir Robert Shore Milnes, was a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Lower Canada for a number of terms in 1808-1816. He supported the Union of Upper and Lower Canada and served as Attorney General for the Lower Canada in 1825-1831. In 1838 he was appointed Chief Justice of Lower Canada; in 1839-1841 was a member of the Special Council to govern the province after the Lower Canada Rebellion.
Mary Stuart (1787-1812), seventh child and second daughter of the Revd. John Stuart and Jane Okill. Married in Kingston on 8 June 1807 the Hon. Charles Jones (1781-1840), M.L.C. Of Brockville, a businessman and politician of the Upper Canada.
George-Okill Stuart (1776-1862), and Anglican clergyman and educator, a Bishop’s Official for Upper Canada (1812-21), archdeacon of Upper Canada (1821-27), archdeacon of Kingston (1827-62), a member of the council for Trinity College (1851), the first dean for the district of Ontario (1862). In October 1803 he married Lucy (1775-1813), the daughter of John Brooks, later governor of Massachusetts (1816-1823).
Charles Stuart (1782-1816), Sheriff of the Midland District (1811?-1815).
For the detailed entries on different members of John Stuart’s family see: Young, A.H. The Revd. John Stuart, D.D., U.E.L. Of Kingston, U.C. And His Family: A Genealogical Study. Kingston, [1920].


138. TRUTCH, Hon. Sir Joseph William (1826-1904)
Map of British Columbia Compiled from the Map of the Province Recently Prepared Under the Direction of the Hon. J.W. Trutch Lieut. Govr. Of the Province With Additions from the Maps of the Post Office Department.

Toronto: Lithographed by Rolph, Smith & Co., ca. 1881. Lithographed map ca. 41x61,5 cm (16 ½ x 24 ½ in). With lithographed topographical illustrations on verso. Original centre fold, otherwise a very good map.
Historically important map of British Columbia after the province entered Confederation which show the proposed Canadian Pacific Railway. "Following the establishment of the Canadian Confederation in 1867 [Trutch] worked to negotiate British Columbia's entry, which occurred in 1871 after [He] secured a promise for the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR).
Trutch was the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia following Confederation, a position he retained from 1871–1876. Following his tenure as lieutenant governor, Trutch was appointed a "Dominion agent for British Columbia", and helped to oversee the construction of the CPR in the province" (Wikipedia).


139. WALTON, Frederic E.
[Album with 21 Signed "F.E.W." Original Watercolours Titled:] Sketches in the United States of America and Canada.

Ca. 1892. Quarto (27x24 cm). With 21 monochrome mounted watercolours ca. 12,5x24,5 cm (5 x 9 ½ in). Period dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with brown cloth sides album produced by J. L Fairbanks & Co. Boston. Some minor age-toning of mount leaves but overall a very good album.
This album contains attractive watercolours of a tour through Ontario, New York State and Vermont and includes views of: "The American Fall - July 1892;" "Horseshoe Fall;" "American Fall;" "The Thousand Islands;" "The Sentinel;" "Lotus Island;" "Lake of the Thousand Islands;" a lake scene; a river steamer; "Saranac Inn;" "Little Fish Creek;" "Bowditch Camp. Keene Valley;" "Putnam Camp;" " The Brook. Keene Valley;" "Camp. Ausable Lake;" "Ausable Lake;" "Lake Champlain;" "Lake Champlain (2);" "Adirondack Deer;" ocean view; residence on a lake.


140. WATSON, Leonard (d.1967)
[Original Etching and Drypoint Titled and Signed in Pencil:] Totem Poles, Stanley Park.

Ca. 1930. Original etching ca. 18x12,5 cm (7x5 in). Recently matted and framed. The etching is in fine condition.
Leonard Watson was a western Canadian artist known for his etchings and one them of the war memorial in Winnepeg is in the National Gallery of Canada. The poles in this etching originate from Alert Bay. In 1962, all the poles were moved to Brockton Point, where more poles were added, many of which still stand today.


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