January 2017 - New Acquisitions & Stock Highlights


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1. [AFRICA - ALGERIA]
[Album of over 150 Original Albumen Photographs Which Document an Early Rail and Horseback Trip Through Algeria including Oran, Tipaza, Constantine and Timgad, Showing Cities and Towns, Historical Ruins, Landscapes and Portraits of Local People].

Ca. 1880. Oblong Folio (31,5x40 cm). 30 stiff dark green album leaves. Over 150 original albumen photographs, the majority ca. 6,5x9 cm (2 ½ x 3 ½ in), eight ca. 5x7,5 cm (2x3 in). Images mounted on recto of album leaves, four with captions. Included is a detailed colour lithographed map of North West Africa, showing Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco and showing railways and submarine telegraph lines. Period style green gilt tooled quarter morocco with green pebbled cloth covers. Some album leaves with some mild traces of moisture on bottom edge of leaves but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This album of unique private photographs documents an early tourist journey through Algeria by a British traveller, which begins with the arrival at the port of Oran, a railway trip towards Tipaza (Algiers-Oran railway line completed from 1857-1878), followed by a railway trip to Constantine and ends with a horseback trip to Timgad. Included in the album are several photographs of the Santa Cruz church in Oran. Over 10 photographs of Tipaza highlight the Roman ruins including the Basilica and the Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania (Tombeau de la Chrétienne). Over 30 photographs capture views of Constantine and four of its bridges. Over 10 photographs capture ruins in Timgad. Other photographs of interest include views of the countryside during the journey, such as local agriculture and roads, over 10 images of local people working or travelling on foot or with their horses, and several images of the European travellers including one that shows a “Grand Hotel des Bains, Hammam Birha” cart.

 


2. [AFRICA - ASHANTEE (GHANA)]
JONES, Thomas Morgan (d. 1817)
[Extensive Important Autograph Letter Signed "Thos. Morgan Jones" and Addressed to Reverend Matthew Wilks (1746-1829) (one of the founders of the London Missionary Society) Describing in Detail Jones' Outbound Voyage to The Gold Coast, his First Impressions of Cape Coast Castle and his Experiences of his First Seven Weeks There, Including a Detailed Account of the Preparations of Bowdich's Mission to Ashantee of Which Jones was Initially Meant to be a Participant].

Cape Coast Castle (Ghana), 8th March 1817. Folio (ca. 33x20,5 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on beige laid paper. Addressed, sealed and postmarked on the last page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, a couple of repaired tears at folds, some soiling on last page, otherwise a very good legible letter.
A historically important letter which Jones starts by saying that the "voyage hither was very favorable.., [and that he] arrived here [Cape Coast Castle] on the 16th of Jany. [1817]. He goes on to describe the landscape, "the feature of the country all along the Gold Coast is nearly the same as it is here, namely small hills covered with bush or evergreen shrubs to their very summits which gives an appearance of perpetual verdure to the country that is very pleasing." He continues by saying that "a man from the interior is called a Bushman.., [and] there are so many novelties & such myriads of birds of every description, many of whose plumage is beautiful or curious in the extreme, that a man cannot walk out without deriving amusement. I should have now sent you some birds but when shot their plumage is generally spoiled as the natives do not bring them in for sale until the rainy season & after which period I hope to send you some that may be thought worthy a place in your museum if I can be sufficiently successful in my attempt to preserve them.., I think the bush may contain a great many that are not known." He also mentions large predators, "the only carnivorous animal that is constantly here is the patacos (hyena).., [a] large leopard has not been seen here for two years that was taken by the present king of the town in a trap after many fruitless attempts to do so. This animal put the whole town in consternation."
However, the most important part of the letter relates to the preparation of Bowdich's Mission: "we brought out very superb presents for the King of Ashantee & a deportation of officers with a guard is to take them up (this embassy is described in Thomas Edward Bowdich, (1791-1824), The Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, London 1819)." Jones seems to have been meant to go on this mission but the new governor John Hope Smith (d. 1831) "wished to retain [him] at the castle.., [as the] limit the number to be sent to three officers [but still] it having been represented to him by Mr. Bowdich that I was qualified to take counter observations on the route was the reason of his so doing but as the expense of each individual will be very great on account of the great distance will be very great & as the instructions from the Committee are on a very economical plan no more will go than are absolutely necessary, namely [Frederick] James esq., Mr. Bowdich to take Lat. Long. Of various places on the route & whom I was to adjust. Mr. Tedlie as surgeon & botanist & a resident probably the first has resided many years in this country & has great knowledge of the manners, language & customs." Jones also covers many other topics in this extensive letter including further description of the countryside and its fauna, local customs and alcohol consumption, the local mission and its recently constructed school and Jones' financial and living situation etc, etc.

 


3. [AFRICA - CONGO & CENTRAL AFRICA]
[ZAGOURSKI, Casimir] (1880-1941), [KRULL, Germaine] (1897-1985)
[Album with 134 Stunning Ethnographic Real Photo Postcards and a Large Original Photo by Casimir Zagourski, Taken in French Equatorial Africa and the Belgian Congo; With Three Original Photos by Germaine Krull, showing People of Brazzaville and a Village in Gabon].

Ca. 1920-1940s. Oblong Elephant Folio (ca. 34x39,5 cm). 18 card leaves (3 blank). With 134 mounted real photo postcards (with printed titles and Zagourski’s copyrights on verso) and over twenty mounted or loosely inserted gelatin silver photographs of various size, from ca. 24,5x19,5 cm (9 ½ x 7 ½ in) to ca. 5,5x5,5 cm (2x2 in). Real photo postcards with period captions in English on the mounts; four photos with period ink captions on verso (in French or English); one photo with Zagourski’s ink stamp on verso; three photos with ink stamps “Photographie du Service de l’Information de la France Combattante en Afrique Francaise Libre”, typewritten captions and the photographer’s name on verso (Germaine Krull). Original brown full morocco album with soft covers, fastened with a string; front board with a silhouette of the African continent made of light brown sheep leather. Covers mildly rubbed on extremities, leaves with some mild edge wear several private photos taken out, but overall a very good album with bright and sound real photo postcards and photos.
An interesting extensive collection of real photo postcards and original photos showing native people of Central Africa, from the private archive of Raymonde Sol (née Detrait). She was employed by the Radio Brazzaville of the Free French government (French Equatorial Africa), and then by the American consulate in Brazzaville in 1943-1945. One of the loose photos from the collection shows her with colleagues on a street, most likely in Brazzaville.
The collection includes 134 real photo postcards and a large original photo taken by a pioneer photographer of Central African people Casimir Zagourski. They portray people from different tribes of the region, including Yakoma people (Central African Republic), Sara (or Kirdi) (Chad); Mangbetu, Ituri, Mutudzi (Democratic Republic of Congo), “Congo pygmies”, “High Jumpers in Ruanda”, and others. Among the types photographed by Zagourski are native chiefs, warriors, merchants, fishermen, dancers, pottery vendors, blacksmiths, weavers, midwives, mothers with infants; a series of images focuses on various types of hairdos, scarring and piercing, including portrait of a Mangbetu mother and a child with elongated heads; there are also views of the Congo River and native huts of different designs; Lake Kivu and surrounding volcanoes (now in Democratic Republic of Congo); very interesting are five typewritten copies “of letters received from natives by the head of the Morse Dept. at Radio Brazzaville”.
The three photos taken by a prominent German female photographer and political activist Germaine Krull relate to her service for the Free French Forces in Africa when she resided in Brazzaville (1942-44). The images portray a tirailleur (native African infantry soldier) from Brazzaville, and women and children from the Bapunu village in Gabon. Among other photos are a portrait of Félix Éboué - famous governor of French Equatorial Africa (the first black man to take a high post in the French colonies); the photo is taken in his office in January 1944, about two months before his death. There are also portraits of Raymonde Sol, her husband Jacques “with our two prize boas, both over 4 meter in length. They come from the Lake Chad region, & cost us about 1,000 frs. A piece…”, and others. Overall a very interesting historically important album.
“Casimir Zagourski, of Polish parentage, was born in the Ukraine in 1880. After a military career in the Russian air force and the Polish army, he left Eastern Europe and moved to Africa in 1924, settling in Leopoldville, now Kinshasa, Congo, where he began his career as a photographer. During the next seventeen years, until his death in 1941, Zagourski traveled around Central Africa photographing its people, places, and local traditions. At the same time, he established and maintained a store in Leopoldville to sell these images as postcards and large prints. He also exhibited his work at the Paris World's Fair in 1937. [The postcards were issued in the series "L'Afrique Qui Disparait" (Disappearing Africa).] The photos are set in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly known as the Belgian Congo), Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Chad, Kenya, Central African Republic, Cameroon, and Congo-Brazzaville. The postcards depict a variety of aspects of everyday life in these different settings, including, for example, housing styles and traditional grave sites” (Casimir Zagourski Postcard Collection/ Yale University. Sterling Memorial Library. Manuscripts & Archives/ http://www.library.yale.edu/african/zagourski.html).

 


4. [AFRICA - LIBERIA]
ASHMUN, J[ehudi] (1794-1828)
History of the American Colony in Liberia, from December 1821 to 1823. Compiled from the Authentic Records of the Colony.

Washington: Way & Gideon, 1826. First Edition. Octavo (21x13,5 cm). 42 pp. With a large folding map. Handsome period style gilt tooled full sheep with a gilt title label. With some minor browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"In 1821 a site at Cape Mesurado was selected by the American Colonization Society as appropriate for the 'repatriation' of a detachment of freed American slaves, and in 1822 Jehudi Ashmun, a white American, went out at the request of the Society to aid the infant settlement. The first settlers were landed on Providence Island at the mouth of the Mesurado River, but after protracted negotiations with Bassa and Dei headmen they eventually procured the rights to the Du Kor Peninsula on which Monrovia now stands. Ashmun was joined for a while in 1824 by Robert Gurley, who gave the settlement the name Liberia" (Howgego 1800-1850 W23).
"Ashmun was an American religious leader and social reformer who became involved in the American Colonization Society. He served as the United States government's agent in the Liberia colony and as such its de facto governor for two different terms: one from August 1822 until April 1823, and another from August 1823 until March 1828.., As United States representative to Liberia as well as agent of the ACS, Ashmun effectively became governor of the colony from 1822 to 1828, from ages 28 to 34. He took a leadership role in what he found to be a demoralized colony and helped build the defenses of Monrovia, as well as building up trade. During his tenure in Liberia, Ashmun increased agricultural production, annexed more tribal land from the natives, and exploited commercial opportunities in the interior. He helped create a constitution for Liberia that enabled blacks to hold positions in the government. This was unlike what happened in the neighboring British colony of Sierra Leone, which was dominated by whites although founded for the resettlement of free blacks from Britain and Upper Canada. Ashmun's letters home and his book, History of the American Colony in Liberia, 1821–1823 (1826) constitute the earliest written history of the Liberia colony" (Wikipedia); Sabin 2204.

 


5. [AFRICA - MADAGASCAR]
[Album with Forty-three Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing French Military Personnel, Local People and Ceremonies During the French Colonization of Madagascar].

Ca. 1890s. Folio ca. 37,5x28 cm (14 ¾ x 11 in). 43 gelatin silver prints mounted on recto of twenty-two leaves ca. 36x24 cm (14 x 9 ½ in) and six blank leaves. One photograph ca. 19,5x25 cm (7 ½ x 9 ¾ in), one photograph ca. 21,5x16 cm (8 ½ x 6 ¼ in), seven photographs ca. 12,5x18 cm (5 x 7 ¾ in) to 14x20 cm (5 ½ x 7 ¾ in), the rest ca. 12x16 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in) and smaller. Twenty-three images captioned in manuscript pencil on mount. Period red gilt tooled half morocco with gilt bands, red pebbled cloth boards and marbled endpapers. Some images mildly faded and some wear at extremities but overall album and photographs are in very good condition.
This album contains historically interesting photographs of French military personnel, local people and ceremonies in Madagascar around the time of the colonization of the island, which was established as a French protectorate in 1896 and became a French colony in 1897. A series of portraits show Queen Ranavalona III (1861-1917) and likely other members of the Merina royal family, including, and one photograph shows a Madagascan Colonel and General. One image shows the burial of the Prime Minister Rainilaiarivony’s 16th son, at which Madagascan officers are dressed in French and British uniforms; Rainilaiarivony was deposed and exiled by the French colonial authority in 1895. Two images show four Madagascan chiefs making their submissions to General Gallieni, surrounded by Navy Infantry Troops and Senegalese Marksmen, with Madagascan people watching the ceremony. Gallieni was a French military leader who became Governor of Madagascar in 1896 after exiling Queen Ranavalona III, abolishing the 350-year-old monarchy on the island and pacifying the population. Several images show French military personnel, including one photograph of a group of French officers and another image of Navy Infantry officers of the French Expeditionary Force with a Madagascan woman. Also of interest are several images of Madagascan people near their settlements, labourers in the fields and vendors at a market, and one photograph showing a July 14th celebration in Antananarivo. Overall an interesting album showing important ceremonies, French military presence and interesting ethnographic views at the time of French colonization of Madagascar.
List of Captioned Images:
La Reine de Madagascar Ravahalona II morte en juillet 1883 fut remplacée sur le trône par sa cousine sous le nom de Ravahalona III; Patrinimanga (?) et sa femme; Rainiandriainamfrandry (?); Rasanjy; Karaimananoro (?); Officiers Malgaches habillés avec des uniformes anglais ou français, soldats malgaches et leurs chefs à l’enterrement de Rainiharavoay – 16e fils de Rainikaivory, premier plan musiciens; Colonel et Général Malgache; Prisonniers; Tisseuse; fête (14 Juillet Atananarive); Marché (curieuse et marchands); moissoneurs; La moisson du riz; Entrée d’un poste; Plantation; La forêt au fond un village; Cases d’un village; Village; Troupe d’infanterie de Marine et tirailleurs Sénégalais notables, 4 chefs malgache faisant leurs soumissions au Général Galieni; Peuple malgache assiste à la soumission de chefs malgaches; Officiers d’Infanterie de Marine du corps Expéditionnaire français se faisant photographier avec une femme malgache; Officers Français; Un coin du village de Zanvibas; Devant un “figuis religious” à multiples racines

 


6. [AFRICA - MOROCCO, MADEIRA, CANARY ISLANDS]
[Manuscript Report Titled:] Description de la Côte Occidentale D'Afrique depuis le Cap Spartel juqu'au Cap Bojador [Description of the West Coast of Africa from Cape Spartel to Cape Bojador].

Ca. 1800. Quarto (28,5x18,5 cm). 24 pp. Twenty-four pages in fine and regular handwriting in brown ink on recto and verso of beige laid paper. Original stitched beige laid paper wrappers, overall in near fine condition.
An interesting manuscript written by an experienced navigator as a navigation guide for other seaman that gives very detailed descriptions of the African coast between Cape Spartel (near Tangiers) to Cape Bojador (Western Sahara) as well as Madeira and the Canary Island, etc.. The report includes details about latitudes, longitudes, distances, routes, anchorages, hidden rocks, tides, currents and descriptions of visible ports and villages. Overall a very descriptive manuscript offering extensive observations of the geography of the west coast of Africa and near-by islands. The first part of the manuscript describes the Atlantic coast of Morocco and Western Sahara: Cape Spartel, Arzilla (Asilah), Larache, Mamora (Mehdya), Salé, Rabat, Mazagan (El Jadida), Cap Blanc (Ras Nouadhibou), Cap Cantin (Ras Cantin), Bay of Saffia (Safi), Mogador (Essaouira), Cape Geer (Cape Ghir), Port of Gueder, Port of Cansado, Punta Blanca, Rio das Enguias, and Cape Bojador. The second part describes Madeira, and of the Canary Islands: Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Grande Canarie, Tenerife, La Palma, Hierro and Savage Islands (Selvagens), north of the Canaries.
Interesting is a description of the ruins of Anafé (Anfa), present-day Casablanca, on page 6. Anfa was rebuilt as a military fortress by the Portuguese in 1515 and called Casa Branca, then abandoned in 1755 following an earthquake: “Anfa is a long town in ruins, on the edge of the sea. It is easily recognizable due to its numerous towers…When near the town, you can see the woods called La Grange.” On page 8, reference is made to the Lichfield, a British vessel of 50 people that was lost south of Safi, on its way to Gorée Island : « It’s on this coast, approximately 2 leagues south of the river, that the Lichfield vessel of 50 was lost on November 29 1758. » Another source states that the survivors were taken as slaves by the king of Morocco. Some other interesting extracts from the manuscript include:
P. 4 «We can moor everywhere in front of Salé, three cable lengths from the shore, there is depth ; but we find several anchors left by vessels of different nations that may damage the cables. The best mooring is about 2 miles from the town… When we are on the side of Rabatt or old Salé, we must bank the Ahan Tower in the direction of the Round Tower that is at the southern point of the river… »
p. 6 «Mazagan is a fortified town that belongs to Portugal, it is the worst mooring of the entire coast of Barbarie…The bottom is full of rocks between one length and one and a half lengths from the coast… The vessels that stop there moor 2 lengths off the coast, by 35 to 36 fathoms. The waves are always very strong. »
p. 13-16 «Madeira Island is very high, except the extremity which lowers steeply. It is often covered in clouds which render it poorly visible 5 or 6 lengths away and it is often touched before it is discovered… When we leave Funchal for Tenerife, we must travel directly westward, to avoid the Savage Islands that are very dangerous at night…”
p. 21-22 “From the West side of Canary to the point closest to Tenerife, the distance is not more than 10 lengths. In the centre of this island is found the famous Tenerife peak, referred to by the former and current inhabitants as the peak of Teyde… South-East of the island is the bay or port of Santa Cruz, the most attended of all the ports in the Canaries. The best mooring on this route is between the middle of the city and a fort or castle around 1 mile away…”

 


7. [AFRICA - SENEGAL]
BERENGER-FERAUD, Laurent Jean Baptiste (1832 -1900) & POQUET, A. (Artist)
[Album of Seventeen Original Watercolours of Views and Types of Senegal Titled:] Vues et types du Sénégal.

1873. Large Quarto (31,5x21,5 cm). 14 pp. The seventeen captioned (in French) watercolours each between ca. 9,5x21 cm and 16x9 cm are mounted on thirteen pages. Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco marbled papered boards. Original beige paper wrappers with manuscript French title in red and the name of Berenger Feraud in ink crossed out in pencil on recto with a list of illustrations and the name of the artist A. Poquet (Del.) 1873 in ink on verso bound in. Rear wrapped with some creases and expertly repaired tears. Overall a very good album of watercolours.
In 1872-3 Bérenger-Féraud was Director of Health Services in Senegal, and most of these attractive watercolours must have made by the accompanying artist Poquet on Bérenger-Féraud's Senegal River expedition to inspect the medical facilities at the various French outposts along the River. The subjects of the watercolours include: View of the town of Dagana; View of the town of Richard-Toll; View of Fort Bakel; Moorish Princess, Emirate of Trarza; Moorish Goldsmith, Emirate of Trarza; Mandingo Costume; Bambara Man; Bambara Woman; Fula Woman; Mandingo Woman; Young Darmanko Moor; Wolof woman carrying her child; Ronier Palm; Second dam above Felou Falls; Mountains of Maka Gnian; View of Koundian, Mali; View of Dabou Outpost, Ivory Coast. In 1879, Bérenger-Féraud published "Les peuplades de la Sénégambie. Histoire. Ethnographie. Moeurs et coutumes. Légendes, etc. (Paris: Ernest Leroux)." In that work he announced the preparation of a book on Senegal, which was never published. Most likely the paintings in this present booklet had been prepared by Poquet for the publication of that unpublished book on Senegal.

 


8. [AFRICA - UGANDA RAILWAY]
[Album of Fifty-Six Original Gelatin Silver and Platinum Photographs Showing Ethnographic Views and Colonial Buildings and Infrastructure in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania Following the Construction of the Uganda Railway (1896-1901).]

Ca. 1907. Large Oblong Folio album ca. 26x33,5 cm (10 ¼ x 13 in). 13 light green stiff card album leaves. 56 gelatin silver and platinum photographs including 15 photographs ca. 15x21 cm (5 x 8½ in.), 8 each ca. 10,5x15 cm (4x6 in), and the rest ca. 6,5x10 cm (2 ½ x 4 in) and slightly smaller, mounted recto and verso. All but 10 captioned in period manuscript blue ink or pencil. Period dark brown quarter sheep with gilt bands, brown pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Album and photographs in very good condition.
This album contains photographs of local people and colonial establishments in British East Africa (present-day Kenya), Uganda (protectorate established in 1896) and German East Africa (present-day Tanzania). A large portion of the photographs are taken along the Uganda Railway from Mombasa, where the Railway began in 1896, to the terminus at Kisumu on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria, where it was completed in 1901. One image shows local people standing near a railway station, and another shows railway worker gangers gathering near a cart. Several photographs show an Indian Bazaar in Nairobi, likely started by a community of British Indian labourers who were brought to Kenya to complete the railway in the late 1890s. "Built during the Scramble for Africa, the Uganda Railway was the one genuinely strategic railway to be constructed in tropical Africa at that time. 2,498 workers died during its construction"(Wikipedia). Many of the images are ethnographic studies of the local peoples including portraits, groups standing in a row with women holding their young children, people working, native settlements and market scenes. One photograph shows Kikuyu Natives in Nairobi sorting coffee beans on the ground as a European supervisor watches. Several images show colonial buildings, including the Memorial Cathedral in Mombasa (the administrative centre of British East Africa until 1905), and a Missionary Society School in Uganda which was founded in 1895 to educate native chiefs’ sons. Also included are images of a Government House, and a U.M.C.A. (Universities' Mission to Central Africa?) House and Chapel in Tanga, Tanzania, which was the first establishment and administrative center of German East Africa. Overall, an excellent album showing local peoples and colonial establishments in British East Africa, Uganda and German East Africa.
List of photographs:
Wakamba Women, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives B.E.A.; Kisumu Beef Market; Kikuyu boy outside hut, Nairobi 1907; Uganda Railway Co. Steamers on Lake Victoria, Nyanza, 1907, Kisumu; Ripon Falls, Source of the Nile, Jinja, Uganda; Exterior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; River View, Magda, G.E. Africa; Indian Bazaar, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Indian Bazaar, Natives Shopping, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Namirembe Markey, Uganda; Kampala Fort, Uganda; Ripon Falls, Jinja, Uganda; Queen Victoria’s Statue, Nairobi B.E.A.; Canoe, Lake Victoria Nyanza; Mengo, Uganda, C.M.S. School for sons of chiefs in foreground; Scenery, French Mission, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives sorting coffee beans, French Mission, Nairobi B.E.A.; Kibwezi Natives, B.E. Africa; Kavirondo Native; Kikuyu Women going to market, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Group, B.E.A.; Kavirondo Native; Watching the train pan, Kibos, B.E.A.; Kisumu Market; Gangers, Uganda Railway, B.E.A.; Interior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; King’s Lake, Mengo, Uganda; Waterfall near Magila, G.E.A. (2 views); Bagamoyo Village, Magila, G.E.A.; Tanga Bay, G.E.A.; Street in Tanga, G.E.A.; U.M.C.A. Mission House and Chapel, Tanga, G.E.A.; Government House, Tanga G.E.A.; Bridge built by the late Padre Harrison, Magila, G.E.A.; Village, Magila, G.E.A.; River, Magila, G.E.A.; View, Magila, G.E.A.; Public Gardens, Tanga, G.E.A.; Native Street, Tanga, G.E.A. (2 views); Bismarck’s Monument, Tanga, G.E.A.; Kisumu Market, B.E.A. (2 views); Station on the Uganda Railway, B.E.A.

 


9. [AFRICA - WHALING OFF THE COAST OF NAMIBIA]
STACY, Edward P., Boatsteerer
[A Complete Journal of a South Atlantic Whaling Voyage with Details of Encounters with Hottentots in Namibia Titled:] Remarks & Occurrences on Board the Timor of London on a Voyage to the Southern Whale Fishery. John T. Parker Commander.

1819-20. Folio (ca. 32,5x21 cm). Ca. 100 pages of manuscript entries in a legible hand in brown ink on beige laid paper. Period full pig skin, covers with wear, some minor staining of text, a couple of leaves loose, one page cut away (censorship/errors), but replaced on the next page so text continuous and complete. Overall in very good condition. Housed in a recent custom made quarter cloth clam shell box with a printed paper label and marbled paper covers.
This is the complete journal of a South Atlantic whaling voyage that began March 2 1819 off the Isle of Wight, and ended February 9th 1820 off Gravesend. The Timor laid anchor at Maio Island (Cape Verde), Angra Pequena and Walvis Bay on the outbound voyage and in St. Helena (with excursions towards Tristan da Cunha in search of whales) on the homeward voyage. The journal includes an interesting description an encounter with Hottentots at Angra Pequena on the 30th of May 1819, when some of the crew "went off with three boats towards the head of the bay. Saw 18 of the native Hottentots men & women, they did not appear to have any huts thereabouts, they had several dogs & were armed with bows, arrows & spears which they laid on the ground at a distance from them & made signs to us to land for which they seemed very anxious. We gave them some biscuits & a knife or two but did not land. One of them had a kind of bronze? in his hand as a sign of peace, which he kept pointing to & shaking. They made a very wretched appearance, were woolly headed, which was clotted together with grease & other filth. They were nearly naked, had a seal skin over the shoulders & a small strip of leather around their middle, had sandals for the feet on account of the sharp rocks and a few beads & shells round their forehead as ornaments." Later that year on August 3rd Stacy again at Angra Pequena Stacy" saw a party of natives on the main land, went to them with the boats, they proved to be a party of the natives of Battania? Sent by the missionary Mr. Swallow, to any ship they might fall in with at Angra Pequena or elsewhere. By the letters which they brought from that gentleman, they had been 46 days on the passage, they had got a large quantity of bullocks & 15 sheep." Which they were to trade for things that would be useful back at the mission. During the following 3 days some of the natives where taken onboard to trade and some of the crew also went to the mainland to trade. Stacy goes on to say that on August 6th "The natives left us to go to their native homes, well pleased with our behavior towards them & well satisfied with the trade they had made which consisted highly of knives, lead, powder & handkerchiefs. Their behaviour was admirable handsome to that gentleman whose benevolence shown conspicuous in these poor converts. He had been 10 years among them. The captain entrusted [the natives] a handsome present [for Mr. Swallow]."
During the voyage the crew caught thirty-four whales, mostly right whales with an occasional humpback, and stowed hundreds of barrels of oil. She employed three boats, with two in reserve (which frequently joined the hunt), and caught most of her whales working out of Angra Pequena and Walvis Bays, off the coast of what is now Namibia. She also fished for a time with the English whale ship “Emma,” including a strange agreement between the two ships during the first two weeks in June not to lower for a whale unless she had a calf with her! At one point the two ships got in a dispute over a whale, and the “Emma” departed about a month later, with “a full ship.” There is plenty of action in this journal, and whales taken are represented by Stacy’s drawings, in ink or pencil, of whale flukes. Also interesting is the detail that Stacy, who was a harpooner, goes into about the ship’s whale craft – whaling tools – and the preparations for whaling that took up the first three months of the voyage. There are frequent mentions of such things as breaking out gear, making drogues for the boats, bellows for the forge, fitting the grindstone and grindstone trough, sharpening lances and harpoons, “strapping two double & single purchase blocks to heave the whales lips in with,” and practicing the chase in the ship’s three main boats.

 


10. [AFRICA]
LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Autograph Letter Signed "David Livingstone" Dated at Mr. Stearns', Malabar Hill, Nov. 2nd 1865 and Addressed on the Verso “To H. Chowfussy." “I expect a telegram from James Young... On a subject of considerable importance to me, but as it would appear from your careful investigation that no telegram has come from England for me, the only other source I can imagine must have been from the Governor and as I have written to him to-day he will see that I have not received any - I think that no further search need be made but with hearty thanks I remain sincerely yours..,” [With] A Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph Of Livingstone Standing by a Table ca. 1865 (8,5x5,5 cm)
.
Nov. 2nd 1865. Octavo letter (ca. 18x11,5 cm) in four pages on a bifolium. Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph mounted on period stiff card with pencil caption "Livingstone" under photograph. Brown ink written in a legible hand on laid beige paper. Fold marks and with residue of mounting paste, but overall the letter and the photograph are in very good condition.
In November 1864, Livingstone had decided that he "would try to ‘settle’ the watersheds of central Africa, though he insisted that he remained primarily a missionary. He planned to return to the Rovuma, pass to the north of Lake Nyasa, look for the Nile headwaters, and then make for Ujiji, on Lake Tanganyika; but he still hoped to find a site for a trading mission. The expedition was to be small-scale, without a steamboat, and without other Europeans. The RGS put up £500, as did the British government; and £1000 came from James Young, a friend from Livingstone's student days in Glasgow, who had made a fortune from distilling paraffin"(Oxford DNB); James Young's (1811-1883) £1000 contribution is perhaps what explains the importance of the mentioned telegram to Livingstone. This letter dates from Livingstone's time in Bombay where he organized and recruited for this expedition. "In Bombay, Livingstone recruited several sepoys, and twelve Africans from mission schools.., [and] the governor, Sir Bartle Frere.., gave the party passage in a government ship to Zanzibar [in January 1866]" (Oxford DNB). This was to be Livingstone's last expedition where after a long period without contact to the outside world, Stanley found him at Ujiji in 1871 and greeted him there with the famous salutation, "Dr Livingstone, I presume?"
William French Stearns (1835-74) was the son of the distinguished President of Amherst College, Massachusetts. He was engaged in the business of Stearns, Hobart & Co. of Bombay from 1857 to 1868. Livingstone had met Stearns in 1865 on a steamer to Bombay and had become firm friends. Stearns letters from Livingstone were published by Boston University's African Studies Centre in 1968.

 


11. [ALGERIA - MOORISH SPAIN]
LEEBROECK, Joseph van
[Album of Forty-five Original Albumen Photographs of Algeria (21) and Moorish Spain (21) (including three of Tunisia (2) and France) Compiled by A Belgian Traveller, Titled on Front Cover:] Souvenirs de Voyage 1885 [and Additionally Titled on Front Fly-leaf:] Souvenirs de Voyage. Afrique - Espagne. 28 Janvier - 15 Avril 1885. Joseph van Leebroeck.

1885. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x39 cm). 38 beige stiff album leaves. With forty-five albumen photographs, twenty-eight ca. 17,5x24,5 cm (7x10 in) and seventeen ca. 9,5x13 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned in French or Spanish in negative or manuscript purple ink on mount. Handsome period red gilt tooled half morocco with red cloth boards and gilt title label on front cover. Album with mild wear of extremities, some mild staining of covers, some mild foxing of some mounts and a couple of photographs but overall a very good album with strong photographs.
This album contains interesting professional photographs collected and compiled on a ten week trip to Algeria and Moorish Spain in 1885. The sharp strong images include: Algeria: General View of Algiers; The great mosque El Djedid (Algiers); Arab street (Algiers); Court of a Moorish house (Algiers); View of Algiers from Mustapha. Governor's Villa, Mustapha; Palm tree garden; Monkey river (Auberge); Market with Castle (Bogharu); Inhabitant of Djelfa; Djurjura; El-Kantara Bridge (Constantine); El-Kantara river and gorge; Arab festival in Biskra; Camels (Biskra); Camel palanquins (Biskra); Arab Horse and Rider; Arab in costume; General view of the city of Bona; View of Philippeville (Skikda) Port; Chabet El-Ahra. Spain: La Alameda de Apodaca (Cadiz); Alhambra (Granada); Interior of the Ambassadors' room, Alcazar (Seville); Lions' Court, Alhambra (Granada); La Giralda Cathedral (Seville); Alcazar (Seville); Interior of a mosque (Cordoba); El Mihrab (Cordoba); Entrance to Toledo via the Alcantara Bridge; Cathedral (Toledo); Interior of the Cathedral (Toledo); Del Sol (Madrid); Palace (Madrid); Plaza Mayor (Madrid); Bull fighting arena and scenes (Madrid) (4); Monestary (Escorial); General view (San Sebastian); Cathedral (Burgos). Tunisia: View of Tunis; Throne room at the Bardo (Tunis). France: Souvenir of a pilgrimage to Notre Dame of Lourdes.

 


12. [AMERICA - ALASKA (YUKON RIVER)]
WHYMPER, F[rederick] (1838-1901)
[Two Original Signed Ink and Wash Sketches of Nuklukayet and a Russian Mission Settlement on the Yukon River in Russian America, Taken during His Journey up the Yukon River to Fort Yukon as a Member of the Russian-American Telegraph Expedition in September 1866-August 1867].

1867. Two pen and wash sketches on paper, ca. 19x42 cm (7 ½ x 16 ½ in) and ca. 15,5x42 cm (6 x 16 ½ in). Each mounted on slightly larger piece of period card, dated and signed by the artist “F. Whymper del. 1867” in the right lower corner; handwritten titles (in brown ink) on the mounts. Both watercolours slightly age toned, the second watercolour with minor scratches on the upper margin and of the title on the mount (with some text missing), otherwise a very good pair of watercolours.
Two historically important watercolour views of two settlements on the Yukon River in Russian America drawn by British artist Frederick Whymper who extensively travelled across Alaska during the Russian-American Telegraph Expedition (1865-1867). The first drawing shows Nuklukayet – an important trading ground of the Native Americans from the upper reaches of the Yukon and “the furthest point ever reached by the Russian traders” (Whymper, F. Travel and Adventure in the Territory of Alaska. London, 1868, p. 210). Nuklukayet was abandoned in the end of the 19th century; the closest modern settlement is Tanana, about one mile downstream. The artist gave a peaceful picture of the village with the native Americans gathered next to their tents on the bank of the river, poles with drying fish, numerous canoes on shore, mighty Yukon and distant hills in the background. The second drawing shows the Russian Mission village on the lower Yukon where Whymper and his companions stopped just for three hours on their way back from Fort Yukon in July 1867. Whymper created an attractive picture of the whole little settlement: Russian Orthodox church and the priest’s house, three log houses of the Russian American Company (a native American is standing next to the door of one of them), elevated storage on high poles, and a couple of tents. Overall beautiful early views of the Yukon River when still a possession of Russian America.
This is how Whymper described both places in his book “Travel and Adventure in the Territory of Alaska...” (London, 1868):
“In the evening [June 7, 1867] we made the junction of the Tanana River and the Yukon, between which, on a tongue of land, Nuclukayette, an Indian trading ground of importance, is situated. <…> The place in the furthest point ever reached by the Russian traders, and is about 240 miles above Nulato. Within the last two or three years some of the Hudson Bay Company’s men have also come down with trading goods to this village. Hither come Indians from all quarters. Co-Yukons, Newicarguts, Tananas, and even the Kotch-á-kutchins from Fort Yukon. On some occasions their gatherings have numbered 600 persons. <…> On landing at this village a ceremony had to be gone through, possible to test whether we had “strong hearts” or not. The Indians already there, advanced, whooping, yelling, and brandishing their guns till they reached us, and then discharged them in the air. We, with the Indians just arrived, returned the compliment <…>. We found this place almost bare of provisions; the Indians dancing and singing all the same with empty stomachs, knowing that the season for moose-hunting was at hand” (210-211).
“On the 20th [of July, 1867], at half-past four in the morning, we reached the “Missie,” or Mission, once exclusively what its name implies, but now both the residence of a priest of the Greek Church and the sole Russian trading post on the lower river. We met the priest , or “pope,” as the Russians term him, afterwards at St. Michael’s, and a very saintly and heavily-bearded individual he was, but said to be by no means averse to the bottle. <…> The Russians had centralized their forces at the Mission, and had withdrawn them from Andreavski – to be hereafter mentioned – and from the Kolmakoff Redoubt on the Koskequim River. From this place they made periodical trading excursions. <…> The settlement comprises a chapel with two buildings attached, the property of the priest, and three log houses appertaining to the Fur Company. There is no fort or enclosed space. <…> We stopped there about three hours, and then resumed our journey…” (p. 235-236).
“Nuklukayet: locality, at junc. Of Tanana and Yukon Rivers <…> Former Indian trading camp and settlement located on the right bank of the Yukon River near the junction of the Tanana River, usually between the Tozitna River and Mission Hill; reported by Dall (1870, p. 57) as “Nuklukahyet.” With the establishment of a trading station, about 1869, the area became a more permanent station. (See Tanana)” (Orth, D.J. Dictionary of Alaska Place Names. Washington, 1967, p. 708).
“Russian Mission, village, pop. 102, on right bank of Yukon River 25 mi SE of Marshall, Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta <…>. Var. Ekogmute, Ikagmiut, Ikogmut, Ikogmute, the Mission. The Eskimo name for this village appears to have been reported by Lt. L.A. Zagoskin, IRN, in 1842-44 and published in Russian by Tikhmenev, in 1861, as “S[elo] Ikogmyut,” possibly meaning “people of the point.” It is listed by I. Petroff in the 1880 Census as “Ikogmute,” with 143 inhabitants; the 1890 Census lists 140. Baker (1906, p. 32), gives a population of 350 Eskimo in 1902. This village was the location of a Russian Orthodox Mission (sometimes called “Porkovskaya Mission”), established in 1851, the first in the interior of Alaska (Oswalt, 1963, p. 6). The designation “Russian Mission” supplanted the Eskimo name about 1900” (Orth, Idem, p. 822).
“Russian Mission(IqugmiutinCentral Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska. It was the location of the first fur trading post of the Russian-American Company in 1842. It was officially named Russian Mission after the sale of Russian American possessions to the United States. The sale of alcohol is prohibited. At the 2000 census the population was 296” (Wikipedia).
“Whymper arrived in Victoria in the autumn of 1862, and the following summer he travelled to the Cariboo district of British Columbia on what he described as “a sketching and pedestrian tour.” <…> After a second winter in Victoria, Whymper set out in March 1864 for Bute Inlet (B.C.), in order to publicize through his drawings the road that Alfred Penderell Waddington was attempting to build to the Cariboo. He dutifully gave good reports of the enterprise, but attracted more attention from his account of the background to the killing of workers on the project by Indians, which had occurred while he was leaving the region. <…> Soon after he arrived back in Victoria, Whymper applied for the position of artist on the Vancouver Island Exploring Expedition. Of wiry build, he accepted the rigours of an expedition which covered much of the southern part of the island. An exhibition of 33 of his drawings from the exploration was held in Victoria in November 1864.
In 1865 Whymper joined the Russian-American Telegraph project, which intended to construct a telegraph line linking the United States and Europe through British Columbia, Alaska, and Siberia. As its artist he went to Norton Sound (Alas.) during the summer and then crossed to Petropavlovsk (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, Russia). Following a winter in San Francisco, he again set out for Petropavlovsk and subsequently travelled around the Gulf of Anadyr (Andadyrsky Zaliv, Russia). Near the end of October 1866 he crossed to Mikhailovski (St Michael) on Norton Sound, and after a winter at Nulato he ascended the Yukon River to Fort Yukon, where he received news of the successful laying of a transatlantic telegraph cable. On his return to Mikhailovski in August 1867 he was told of the abandonment of the Russian-American project” (Dictionary of Canadian Biography online).

 


13. [AMERICA - ALASKA]
LA ROCHE, Frank (1853-1936)
[Interesting Collection of Twenty-four Original Photographs of Alaska].

Ca. 1895. 14 grey thick card leaves. 24 gelatin silver prints from ca. 18x23,5 cm (7 x 9 ½ in) to 11x18,5 cm (4 ½ x 7 ½ in). All mounted on original thick grey card leaves, most captioned in negative. Overall a very good collection of strong, sharp and interesting images.
This interesting collection of photographs includes twenty-three by La Roche (Seattle) including images of: Juneau: from the water, from steamer, log cabin, Pres. Church; Sitka: Indian Avenue (x2), Indian merchants, driveway, Indian River Rapids, bridge on Indian River Trail; Wrangell: from steamer, evening, Wrangell Narrows; Skagway: from bridge, Broadway; Metlakahtla (BC): group of Indian children, Indian brass band; White Pass Railroad: from the mouth of the tunnel; Lynn Canal (x2); Steamer "Queen" taking on ice; Muir Glacier: Steamer "Queen" in the Ice Takou Inlet: Grenville Channel (BC); WITH one by Winter & Pond: Old Tlingit Indian.
La Roche "made numerous trips to southeastern Alaska and the Yukon Territory photographing among others, scenes during the Klondike gold rush, ca. 1897-1899. These included views of his experiences traveling from Dyea, Alaska over the Chilkoot Pass into British Columbia to reach the gold fields" (University of Washington Libraries).

 


14. [AMERICA - CALIFORNIA]
[BAEGERT, Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California..,]

Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo (17,5x10,5 cm). [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives" (Hill 46); Barrett 129;"According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.

 


15. [AMERICA - SAN FRANCISCO]
BEHRMAN, Martin (1862-1945)
[Eleven Part Gelatin Silver Panorama by Martin Behrman Taken from the Original 1851 Daguerreotype Plates].

Ca. 1900. Eleven gelatin silver panels mounted on six linen attached card mounts for a total panorama of ca. 17,5x208 cm (7x82 in). The condition of the other known examples of Behrman’s panorama are all similar in contrast and fading because the original daguerreotypes had already faded with time and this was thus transferred to the gelatin silver copies. Very handsome period style red gilt tooled half sheep portfolio with red cloth boards and red gilt title label. Overall a very good panorama.
The original panorama was taken in 1851 using daguerreotypes made by Sterling C. McIntyre. This present panorama is thought to be the earliest of San Francisco and one of the earliest known images of the city. San Francisco photographer Martin Behrman preserved a number of early California photographs, some of which, like the present example, nowexist only in his copies. Behrman has labelled many points of interest including: Folsom Street, Sutter House, Vulcan Foundry, Portable Houses, Market Street, Lone Mountain, Rincon Hill and other landmarks. Perhaps the most striking feature is the hundreds of abandoned ships in the bay.
"It is believed that the panorama initially had eleven plates, but the original daguerreotypes no longer exist. This image is a copy photograph submitted to the Library in 1910 for copyright protection" (Library of Congress).
"11-panel panorama photograph, silver gelatin prints, joined to approximately 5 1/2 x 76 1/2 inches, by Martin Behrman, 1910, being a photograph of an 1851 daguerreotype panorama of San Francisco from Rincon Hill, framed, vertical fold creases near or at overlaps, uneven fading between some panels, not examined out of frame. San Francisco photographer Martin Behrman preserved a number of early California photographs, some of which, like the present example, exist only in his copies. Behrman has labeled many points of interest, streets, and landmarks in the negative like the water lots, deserted ships, Sutter House, etc. This example is rare in that it includes all 11 of the original images (the Library of Congress example includes only 5). Surely one of the earliest photographic panoramas of the city" (Bonhams).

 


16. [AMERICAS]
[ESTALA, Pedro] [1757-1810]
Beyträge zur genauern Kenntniss der Spanischen Besitzungen in Amerika aus dem Spanischen übersetzt und mit einigen Anmerkungen begleitet von Christian August Fischer [Notes on the Spanish Possessions in America Translated from the Spanish and Accompanied by notes by C. A. Fischer].

Dresden: Heinrich Gerlach, 1802. First Edition. Duodecimo (ca. 16,5x10,5 cm). xvi, 276, [3] pp. Handsome period brown gilt tooled half sheep, with yellow paste paper boards and a brown gilt label. Title page with a faint library marking, extremities very mildly rubbed, but overall a very good copy.
The present work which is focussed on trade includes chapters on Havana including notes on the slave trade, Mexico including its trade with Spain, Buenos Ayres including a description of the Pampas, Tucuman with notes on the customs of the colonists, Peru with a detailed description of its Pacific ports, Montana Real with a description of the Maranon River and its exploration etc, etc. Fischer also translated Don Felix de Azara Voyages to South America into German. Sabin 24418 (Fischer); Palau 83424.

 


17. [AMERICAS]
ORTELIUS, A[braham] (1527-1598)
[Map of Western Hemisphere Titled:] Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio.

Antwerp, ca. 1571. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 36,5x50,5 cm (14 ½ x 20 in). Map cleaned and sized and with some expert minor repair to lower blank margin, remains of archival mounting tape on verso. Overall still a very good and attractive map.
This attractive ornamental map is an impression from the first of three copperplates, without the publisher's address, second state (of three) with the Azores correctly labelled. From one of the third Latin editions, 1571-73. "Ortelius depicts the discoveries of a number of people on this map, but the general shape of the continent is derived from Gerard Mercator's great twenty-one sheet world map of the previous year. The two of them had a close relationship and shared their knowledge openly with each other.., One of the main noticeable features of the map is the bulbous Chilean coastline; this was not corrected until his third plate. A strategically placed cartouche hides a complete lack of knowledge of the southern waters of the Pacific. Once through the Strait of Magellan the voyager's sea route took him on an almost direct course for the East Indies. No sight had been made of a large continent but conventional wisdom had it that there had to be as much land in the southern hemisphere as in the northern. This was not fully dispelled until the second voyage of the remarkable Captain James Cook in 1772-75. The west coast of North America is shown too far west, as was common at the time" (Burden 39). "This is one of the most famous maps of America and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The map features an exaggerated breadth of the North American continent, with a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego" (Old World Auctions); Broecke 9.2; Koeman III, 9000: 31A; Tooley, America S. 320; Wagner 80.

 


18. [ARCTIC]
HORSLEY, Samuel (1733-1806) & PHIPPS, Constantine John (1744-1792)
Remarks on the Observations Made in the Late Voyage Towards the North Pole, for Determining the Acceleration of the Pendulum, In Latitude 79'50' in a Letter to the Hon. Constantine John Phipps; [Bound Following] A Voyage Towards the North Pole Undertaken by His Majesty's Command 1773.

London: B. White, W. Bowyer and J. Nichols et al., 1774. First Editions. Quarto (30 x 24cm). Viii, 253, [3]; 15, [1] pp. With three folding engraved maps, twelve folding engraved views and diagrams and eleven letterpress folding tables. Handsome brown period elaborately gilt tooled full calf. Rebacked in style with a red gilt title label. Overall a near fine clean and large copy.
Horsley's "pamphlet ought to be annexed to every copy of Captain Phipps's book, and bound up with it.., it is very rare" (Sabin 33056). "Horsley was elected to the Royal Society in 1767 and his earliest publications dealt with astronomy and geometry, as here in this discussion of the navigational mathematics of Phipps's voyage to the North Pole. Horsley was very controversial in his later years, entering a bitter dispute with Sir Joseph Banks at the Royal Society, necessitating Horsley's resignation. Horsley also published an edition of Newton's works" (Christies). Captain Phipps' "expedition of the Racehorse and Carcass, undertaken for the purpose of discovering a route to India through the northern polar regions, was blocked by pack ice north of Spitsbergen. The valuable appendix gives geographical and meteorological observation, zoological and botanical records, accounts of the distillation of fresh water from the sea and astronomical observations. The voyage is perhaps best remembered for the presence of young Horatio Nelson, as midshipman aboard the Carcass, and his encounter with a polar bear" (Hill 1351). "The scientific results of the expedition included zoological and botanical observations and collections, and a meteorological journal. The expedition's farthest north exceeded the record established by Chichagov and was not surpassed until Scoresby" (Holland p.137); Sabin 62572.

 


19. [ASIA - CHINA - BEIJING]
[Album of Twenty-four Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Beijing (Peking) Most Likely Assembled by a Member of the Belgian Legation in Beijing].

Ca. 1914. Oblong Octavo (ca. 13x20 cm). 13 thick stiff album leaves. With 24 mounted (recto and verso) gelatin silver photos each ca. 8,5x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in). Each photo captioned in manuscript ink in French on mount. Handsome period black gilt tooled crushed half morocco with green patterned cloth boards. A couple of photos with some very mild silvering and fading, but overall a very good album of strong interesting images.
The interesting images in this album of Beijing include: Main train station; City walls with camel caravan; Resting camels; Reconstruction of Qianmen Gate; Summer Palace (3x) (Pagoda relief detail; Marble Boat; Imperial Palace); Sacred Road Beijing going towards Ming Tombs (2x); Funeral palanquin with eight carriers; Cemetery; Princess Tomb; Chinese road-side restaurant; Chinese Barber; Six Chinese men drinking tea; Chinese trades people and merchants (5x) including a Butcher, clothes makers etc; Rickshaws; European quarter (3x) including the Belgian Legation.
This album shows Beijing a few years after "the Battle of Peking, or historically the Relief of Peking, [which] was the battle on 14-15 August 1900, in which a multi-national force, led by Britain, relieved the siege of foreign legations in Peking during the Boxer Rebellion"(Wikipedia); "During the Boxer Rebellion of 1900 in the late Qing dynasty, the [Qianmen] gate sustained considerable damage when the Eight-Nation Alliance invaded the city" (Wikipedia). One of the interesting images in this album shows its reconstruction in 1914.

 


20. [ASIA - CHINA - COSTUMES]
THRING, Alicia Anne (1783-1862)
[Twenty Watercolours of Chinese Subjects, the Majority Showing Chinese Costumes, Mounted on Seven Album Leaves].

Clifton, Bristol, June 25th 1824. Watercolours on card ca. 11x10 cm (4x4 in) or slightly smaller mounted on seven large quarto (29x22,5 cm) album leaves, all but three captioned in manuscript ink. One watercolour and caption loose, loose watercolour signed and dated "Alicia Anne Thring June 25th 1824." Overall the collection is in very good condition.
Thring is an artist known for her fine botanical studies. The present charming Chinese costume watercolours are of a similar quality and the subjects include: Kien Long Emperor of China; Grand Lama; Mandarin; Chinese Soldiers; A Tartar Soldier; Another Tartar Soldier; Riding Barrow of a Tartar Lady; Cormorants Fishing; Chine Working Man - Chinese Peasant; Mahometan Woman & Son; Mandarin of the Fifth Class; Chinese Stage Cart; A Bonze Performing his Vow; A Chinese Lady; A Young Licentiate, Sedan Chair of the Prime Minister; Tartar Woman & Child, Tao-Tse.

 


21. [ASIA - CHINA (KIAUTSCHOU BAY CONCESSION)]
[Album of 173 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of the German Colonial Kiautschou Bay Concession Titled on Spine:] Syfang-China 1902-1904.

1902-4. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x36 cm). 30 beige stiff album leaves. 173 gelatin silver prints, various sizes from ca. 21x28 cm (8 ½ x 11 in) to 9x10,5 cm (3x4 in) mounted recto and verso on album leaves. Some photographs numbered and twelve captioned in negative. Attractive period elaborately gilt tooled quarter morocco with lacquered flower motif pictorial covers with photographic image inset in front cover. Some very minor bumping to extremities of covers and front cover with a very minor chip of lacquer, a couple of photographs with some very mild fading but overall the photographs are strong and sharp and the album is in very good condition.
This extensive historically important collection of photographs of the Kiautschou Bay concession (a German leased territory in Imperial China which existed from 1898 to 1914) and surrounding areas, was highly likely compiled by a German high ranking military officer or colonial official. As the spine title, Syfang (Sifang), the former core district of Tsingtau (Qingdao), indicates this album is focussed on Tsingtau, Kiautschou Bay concession's administrative center. It includes twelve captioned photographs of Tsingtau including: Train station; government chapel; Diedrichstein; Yamen entrance; Decorative wall in front of Yamen; Lighthouse; Panorama; Music pavillion Krala Bay; Prinz Heinrich Hotel; Artillery Camp; Colonial Governor's grave; Governor's House. Many other images are also of Tsingtau including five two part panoramas of the town and environs, also street scenes showing Chinese inhabitants, markets and gatherings, Chinese in costume including royalty, nobility, officials, trades people and merchants, buildings and monuments including interiors, forms of local transportation (horse and carts etc.). Many images also show the German military: gatherings of officers, military buildings, units, exercises and ceremonies, a transport and supply ship etc. Additionally many images show German colonial life, buildings and infrastructure: social gatherings and ceremonies, hunting scenes with the resulting killed birds, colonial buildings and images of the Shantung Railway including railway track, trains, rolling stock, bridges and stations (Tsingtau, Nantschuan, Kaumi, Weihsien, Tschou Tsun). Overall an extensive historically important visual record of the first few years of German rule of the Kiautschou Bay concession.
After Germany took over the territory in 1898 "Kiautschou was transformed into a modern realm with Germany investing upwards of $100 million. The impoverished fishing village of Tsingtau was laid out with wide streets, solid housing areas, government buildings, electrification throughout, a sewer system and a safe drinking water supply, a rarity in large parts of Asia at that time and later. The area had the highest schools density and highest per capita student enrollment in all of China, with primary, secondary and vocational schools funded by the Berlin treasury and Protestant and Roman Catholic missions.
With the expansion of economic activity and public works, German banks opened branch offices, the Deutsch-Asiatische Bank being the most prominent. The completion of the Shantung Railroad in 1910 provided a connection to the Trans-Siberian Railway and thus allowed travel by train from Tsingtau to Berlin. After the Chinese revolution of 1911 ran its course, many wealthy Chinese and politically connected ex-officials settled in the colony because of the safe and orderly environment it offered. Sun Yat-sen visited the Tsingtau area and stated in 1912, “... I am impressed. The city is a true model for China’s future" (Wikipedia).

 


22. [ASIA - CHINA]
LE COMTE, Louis (1655-1728)
Memoirs and Observations Topographical, Physical, Mathematical, Mechanical, Natural, Civil and Ecclesiastical made in a late Journey through the Empire of China..,

London: Benj. Tooke, 1697. First English Edition. Octavo (19,5x13 cm). [xxiv] 527, +[1] pp. Engraved portrait frontispiece, 3 engraved plates (2 folding) and a folding table. Period dark brown mottled full calf. Recently rebacked using original title label, text with a few spots of minor staining, frontispiece and title page with some mild browning, but overall a very good copy.
"The author was a Jesuit, confessor to the Duchess of Burgundy, one of the Royal Mathematicians, and later missionary to the Far East" (Cox I, 330). "Louis de Comte "was among the first group of Jesuits to be selected by Louis XIV for service in China.., [The group which included Joachim Bouvet and Jean-Francois Gerbillion arrived at Peking in 1688]. They were favorably received by the emperor Khang-hi, who retained Bouvet and Gerbillion as his instructors in mathematics. While engaged in this work, the two fathers wrote several mathematical treatises in the Tartar language which the emperor had translated into Chinese. The Jesuits were given a site within the palace enclosure for a church and residence, and these were completed in 1702" (Howgego B146). "Le Compte was one of the great number of tremendously erudite Jesuits who originally went to China on as missionaries, aiming to convert the Chinese to Christianity through first converting the members of the court" (PBA Galleries); China Illustrata Nova 1589; Lust 51.

 


23. [ASIA - INDIA (HIMALAYAN MOUNTAINEERING)]
[Collection of Twenty-Eight Early Original Stereo View Photographs of Himalayan Peaks in Uttarakhand State, Northern India]

Ca. 1910. Twenty-eight pairs of gelatin silver prints each ca. 7,5x7 cm (3 x 2 ¾ in.) mounted on the original beige stiff card ca. 8x17 cm (3 ¼ x 6 ¾ in). All captioned in period manuscript ink on recto of mount. Overall the collection is in very good condition.
A unique collection of photographs taken during a mountain trek in the Indian Himalayas bordering Tibet and Nepal. The majority of the images show views of important Himalayan peaks, including Nanda Kot, Nanda Devi and Sukharam. Additionally, several images show Trisul, a group of three mountain peaks of which the highest was first climbed in 1907. Trisul was likely the highest mountain in the world to have been climbed at the time. In addition, it was the first successful climb to use supplemental oxygen in mountaineering. Over five photographs capture local people and/or architecture such as the bridge of Bagashwar, bungalows at Bhowali and a wayside temple near Loharkhet. Two photographs show the trekkers climbing the Pindari Glacier, which was first surveyed in 1906 by geologists Cotter and Brown. Overall, an unusual collection compiled by an early Himalayan mountaineering enthusiast.
List of views:
Pindari Glacier (two views); Bridge at Bageswar (Bageshwar); Snout of Pindari Glacier and Source of Pindar River; On the road to Bageswar (Bageshwar); Sarju (Sarayu) River; Nanda Kot and Trisul; Rapti Stream; Bhimtal from Ghagar Ridge; Wayside temple near Loharkhet; Pindar Valley with Sunderdhunga and Sukharam Peaks; Nanda Kot; Pindar Valley above Khati; The Pindar Valley; Nanda Devi from Dhakuri Pass; Trisul from Dhakuri Ridge; Coolies near Kapkot; Bageswar (Bageshwar) Bazaar; Pindari moraine with Trisul in background; Diwali; Nanda Devi from Dhakuri ridge; View from Ranikhet; View below Loharkhet; Pindar valley and Nanda Devi; Bageswar (Bageshwar) town and temples; Bhowali bungalows

 


24. [ASIA - INDIA]
GREENE, Captain Dominick Sarsfield, Royal Artillery (1826-1892)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of India and from the Homeward Voyage back to England].

Ca. 1857-8. Oblong Small Folio (ca. 25,5x32,5 cm). 12 beige album leaves. With ten watercolours, each ca. 17x25 cm (7x10 in) mounted on album leaves with original black ink captions mounted below. Five watercolours initialled "DSG" in pencil and four variously dated in 1858. Period style dark green gilt tooled half straight-grained morocco with dark green cloth boards. Overall a very good collection of watercolours.
The series of sketches in this album was made by Captain Dominick Sarsfield Greene at the same time as his sketches which were later turned into lithographs for his "Views in India, from drawings taken during the Seapoy Mutiny," Thos. Maclean: London, 1859. The ten attractive watercolours include: Ghauts. Bombay. Sunset; The Caves of Elephanta, Bombay; Gibraltar Hill from Rawul Pindee, Sunset; The Jumna Musgid - Delhi; The Taj Agra; On the road to Constantia, 12.5.58; From Sandy Bay Ridge, St. Helena, 3.6.58; The Man's Head Rock - St. Vincent; Bird Island, St. Vincent, St Antonia in the distance, 20.6.58; The Harbour, St. Vincent, Cape Verde, 19.6.58. Provenance: Sir Alexander Moncrieff (1829-1906) and thence by descent.

 


25. [ASIA - JAPAN - ANGLO-SATSUMA WAR]
[Original Japanese Manuscript Report on the Kagoshima Incident (15-17 August, 1863), Mentioning the Japanese Naval Commander Naohachi Inoue – future noted Admiral Inoue Yoshika, noting the casualties on the ships of the British Squadron (HMS Euryalus, HMS Pearl, HMS Coquette, HMS Argus, HMS Perseus, and HMS Racehorse), and others].

Bunkyu 3 (November, 1863). Original manuscript in Japanese characters, ca. 27,5x16 cm (10 ¾ x 6 ¼ in), twelve pages, black ink on two-ply leaves of rice paper, stitched with a string. With minor creases and a larger worm hole (slightly affecting a couple of characters), but overall a very good manuscript.
An interesting official Japanese report about the events of the Bombardment of Kagoshima (also known as the Anglo-Satsuma War) on 15-17 August, 1863, and compiled for the Tokugawa shogunate government in Edo apparently to receive instructions on what should be done. The title on the first leaf reads “Anglo-Satsuma War report. British notes/written down to Edo”. This and some features of the text (i.e. One of the dates is written as “1863”, not “Bunkyu 3”) opens up the possibility of this text being translated from a period British report. The text briefly informs about the details of the Kagoshima Incident, mentioning Naohachi Inoue (Inoue Yoshika, 1845-1929, future noted Admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy), and lists casualties on board the British naval squadron (HMS Euryalus – 20 injured, including one who died; HMS Pearl – 7 injured, including one who died; HMS Coquette - 6 injured, including one who died; HMS Argus - three injured; HMS Perseus - one injured and one died; HMS Racehorse - 2 people injured).
“The Bombardment of Kagoshima, also known as the Anglo-Satsuma War(薩英戦争Satsu-Ei Sensō), took place on 15–17 August 1863 during the Late Tokugawa shogunate. The Royal Navy was fired on from coastal batteries near the town of Kagoshima and in retaliation bombarded the town. The British were trying to exact a payment from the daimyo of Satsuma following the Namamugi Incident of 1862, in which British nationals were attacked (one killed, two wounded) by Satsuma samurai for not showing the proper respect for a daimyo's regent (Shimazu Hisamitsu). <…> The conflict actually became the starting point of a close relationship between Satsuma and Britain, which became major allies in the ensuing Boshin War. From the start, the Satsuma Province had generally been in favour of the opening and modernization of Japan. Although the Namamugi Incident was unfortunate, it was not characteristic of Satsuma's policy, and was rather abusively branded as an example of anti-foreign sonnō jōi sentiment, as a justification to a strong European show of force” (Wikipedia).

 


26. [ASIA - JAPAN - EDO BROTHEL]
[Original Japanese Wood Block Depicting a Scene in an Edo (Tokyo) Brothel, with an Example of the Print on Recent Paper, Titled:] Edo Fuzoku Kuruwa-Sho-ga.

Ca. Early Meiji (1860-1870s). Wood block ca. 17,5x32 cm (7 x 12 ½ in), with the image size ca. 12,5x27 cm (5 x 10 ½ in). Additional title in Japanese characters on the margins of the block rephrasing the printed title on the image. Wood block in near fine condition.
A very detailed yamato-e perspective woodblock of a brothel in Edo (modern-day Tokyo), by an unknown artist, mostly likely carved in the early Meiji Period. An excellent example of the artistic skill of Japanese woodblock carvers, it is supplemented with a recent example of the print on Japanese paper. The very detailed executed scene shows a birds-eye view of the interior of an upper-class geisha house in Edo. Several inner rooms expose geishas entertaining customers with talks, servants bringing various items, a drunk client being supported by two geishas, etc. Overall a beautiful example of a Japanese wood block carving.

 


27. [ASIA - JAPAN - PERRY - FIRST VISIT]
[Illustrated Manuscript Compiled Report of the Landing of US Commodore Matthew Perry Black Ships in Uraga on his First Visit to Japan in July 1853, Titled in Japanese:] Uraga Setsubunroku [Uraga Report].

Ca. 1853 or slightly later. Quarto (ca. 27,5x19,5 cm). 26 leaves. With 23 pages of bright ink and watercolour illustrations, seven double page and captioned in manuscript black ink in Japanese. The illustrations are accompanied by 28 pages of black ink manuscript text in Japanese. Original period thin rice paper covers, with a manuscript black ink title. Covers with some wear and minor worming, but overall this manuscript is in very good condition.
This unusual and highly illustrated report, mostly likely produced slightly after the events, was compiled from various eyewitness accounts of the Japanese officials involved. Their reports give first hand details on the events including the negotiations with the Americans and Perry's landing at Kurihama, details of the American warships and the officers commanding them and details of the American and Japanese gifts which were exchanged. "The Japanese were eventually compelled to accept a treaty stipulating better treatment of shipwrecked seamen and opening the ports of Hakodate and Shimoda" (Hill 1332).
The illustrations in this report include seven double page ones of: Perry's Flagship USS Susquehanna; map of Kurihama; a map of Japanese coast from Misaki to Shinagawa; American sailors and marines with a marching band landing at Kurihama, (officers in the foreground); the Shogunate camp and meeting place at Kurihama; a map of Uraga Bay showing the positions of the American ships; the procession of the Japanese delegation. Also included are four single page portraits of American marines and officers, two pages of American band instruments, two pages of American uniform parts by rank and one page showing details of an American launch boat.
Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry (1794-1858) reached Uraga at the entrance to Edo Bay in Japan on 8 July 1853 with his fleet of four "Black Ships" (named thus because of the black smoke they produced) consisting of the Susquehanna, Mississippi, Plymouth and Saratoga. "As he arrived, Perry ordered his ships to steam past Japanese lines towards the capital of Edo, and position their guns towards the town of Uraga. He also fired blank shots from his 73 cannons, which he claimed was in celebration of the American Independence Day. Perry's ships were equipped with new Paixhans shell guns, cannons capable of wreaking great explosive destruction with every shell. The American ships were almost surrounded by Japanese guard boats; however, Perry ordered that any attempt at boarding was to be repelled. One [Japanese] boat carried a large sign in French ordering the American fleet to depart immediately.
On 9 July, a yoriki from the Uraga bugyō, Nakajima Saburosuke, accompanied interpreter Hori Tatsunosuke, rowed out to Susquehanna, but were at first refused permission to come on board. After some negotiation, they were permitted to board, where they displayed the order that no foreign ships were allowed into Japanese ports. Perry remained in his cabin and refused to meet them, sending word through his officers that as he carried a letter from the President of the United States, he would only deal with officials of sufficient stature and authority.
On 10 July, yoriki Kayama Eizaemon, pretending to be the Uraga bugyō, called on Susquehanna and was allowed to meet Captain Franklin, whom he advised to travel to Nagasaki, as this was the designated port for all foreign contact. Kayama was told that unless a suitable official came to receive the document, Perry would land troops and march on Edo, to deliver the letter in person. Kayama asked for three days in order to respond. The actual Uraga bugyō, Ido Hiromichi, sent a report to the Shogun and advised that his defenses were totally inadequate to repel the Americans by force.
In the meantime, Perry began a campaign of intimidation, by sending boats to survey the surrounding area, and threatened to use force if the Japanese guard boats around the American squadron did not disperse. He also presented the Japanese with a white flag and a letter which told them that in case they chose to combat, the Americans would necessarily vanquish them.
In the meantime, the Japanese government was paralyzed due to the incapacitation by illness of Shogun Tokugawa Ieyoshi and by political indecision on how to handle the unprecedented threat to the nation’s capital. On 11 July, senior rōjū Abe Masahiro temporized, deciding that simply accepting a letter from the Americans would not constitute a violation of Japanese sovereignty. The decision was conveyed to Uraga, and Perry was asked to move his fleet slightly southwest to the beach at Kurihama (in modern-day Yokosuka), where he was allowed to land on 14 July. Perry went ashore with considerable pomp, landing with 250 sailors and Marines in 15 ships boats after a 13-gun salute from Susquehanna. Major Zuilin’s Marines presented arms, and a band played Hail Columbia. President Fillmore’s letter was formally received by hatamoto Toda "Izu-no-kami" Ujiyoshi and by Ido "Iwami-no-kami" Hiromichi. Perry's squadron eventually departed Tokyo Bay on 17 July for the Chinese coast, promising to return for a reply" (Wikipedia).

 


28. [ASIA - JAPAN - YOKOHAMA]
UTAGAWA, Yoshikazu (active 1850-70)
[Coloured Oban Triptych 'Ukiyo-e' Woodblock Print of Foreigners Being Entertained at Gankiro Brothel in the Miyozaki Pleasure Quarter in Yokohama Titled:] Yokohama Miyozaki Kuruwa Gankiro Ijin Yuko no Zu.

1861. Three part coloured woodblock (each part with printed artist's name stamp), together ca. 37x76,5 cm (15x30 in). This woodblock print is in very good condition.
The print shows Caucasian and Chinese men enjoying food, sake and the company of Japanese geishas in the Gankiro brothel, also known as the house of fans, in the Miyozaki pleasure quarter of Yokohama.
"Miyozaki Yukaku," Miyozaki's red light district opened in November 1859 after a request by the Dutch ambassador to build brothels for the many single foreign men in Yokohama. There were 15 brothels in Miyozaki, and of these, Gankiro was the largest and most famous. Gankiro was divided into two sections, one for foreigners and one for Japanese customers and Japanese customers weren't allowed into the foreigner section and vice-versa. In his 1860 world tour journal, Richard Henry Dana jr., author of "Two Years Before the Mast" gave a contemporary description of Gankiro which to him "looked like a temple, it is so large and handsome, Within are parlors, reception rooms, dining rooms, a dancing hall, a theater etc, etc. The chief rooms were beautifully carved and elaborately painted. The chief artists of Yeddo contributed each a panel, for the walls and ceiling. Lacquered furniture and screens abound, and great neatness everywhere" (Guth, Longfellow's Tattoos p. 17).
This print is one of most famous works of Yoshikazu, who was a student of Kuniyoshi. Kuniyoshi had his own branch of the Utagawa school and was one of the last great masters of the Japanese ukiyo-e style of woodblock prints. Yonemura, Yokohama Prints, p. 148; sdmart.org.

 


29. [ASIA - JAPAN]
[Album of 125 Original Gelatin-Silver Photographs of Central Japan Including Nikko, Mount Nasu, Mount Asama, Kyoto, Kamakura etc., Showing Architecture, Landscapes, Temples and Local People etc.; [With:] Six Original Japanese Prints and two Original Watercolours].

1911. Oblong Folio (27x36 cm). 33 black album leaves. Collection of 125 gelatin silver prints, all but six mounted on recto and/or verso. Includes two photographs ca. 8,5x29 cm (3 ¼ x 11 ¼ in), seven ca. 9,5x14 cm (3 ¾ x 5 ½ in), six ca. 9x9 cm (3 ½ x 3 ½ in) and the rest 7,5x10 cm (3 x 4 in) or slightly smaller. Captions in period manuscript white ink on most leaves. Additionally over 10 photographs have been hand coloured. The collection also includes two studio albumen prints each ca. 21x25,5 cm (8 ¼ x 10 in) with captions in negative, Six original Japanese prints ranging from ca. 6,5x9,5 cm (2 ½ x 3 ¾ in.) to ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in.), and two original watercolours ca. 6,5x20 cm (2 ½ x 7 ¾ in.). Period style black gilt tooled half morocco with black cloth covers. A couple of album leaves with some mild traces of moisture but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This album of unique private photographs compiled by (mostly likely) an English lady (several photos which show the photographer are captioned "self") shows a variety of locations in central Japan, including the topography, architecture and local scenes. Included are images of Nikko (over 20 photographs): Temple procession (6 photos); Monastery Garden (4 photos); Gangnam ga fuchi (4 photos); Japanese girls in Kimono (4 photos); Tomb of Shogun Leyasu; Nasu Dake (Mount Nasu): 20 photographs including crater, inn, Nasu village; Kyoto: 14 photographs including pagodas, Gion Shrine (Now Yasaka Shrine), Gion Procession, Teapot lane, Chionin Temple; Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture (over 10 photographs): Daibutsu (4 images); Beach (2 views); Hachiman Temple and Lotus Garden (4 images); Shrine; Trip to Mount Asama (15 images including Kawarayu, Shibukawa, Maebashi; 4 views of Asama Yama; Kusatsu); Chuzenji Lake (On the way (5 images); Lake (5 views); Lakeside hotel; 2 images of net fishing); Pack horse; 3 photographs of carts and drivers; planting rice; ploughing paddy; Yumoto Lake (2 views); Miyanoshita Onsen, Kanagawa Prefecture (Fujiya Hotel, White Japanese Cock).

 


30. [ASIA - JAPAN]
MOTOYOSHI, Umeura
Tsuzoku Igirisu Tangohen [Popular Dictionary of the English language].

Tokyo: Izumiya Hanbei, Meiji 4 [1871]. Second Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. (ca. 18x12 cm). [1], 42, [3 ads]; (43-84), [2] leaves. With title plate to volume one. With red Mikaeshi (title and final leaf) and with red collector's stamp. Original publisher's yellow paper patterned block book binding. A couple of small minor red ink stains on back covers and in text, stitching of volume coming loose in one section but otherwise holding but overall a very good set in very original condition.
Rare thematically ordered dictionary which contains English words in Latin letters with their corresponding Japanese translation in Kanji. The themes include books and writing; describing the world; military terms; units of time; family members; parts of the body; verbs; adjectives; nouns; body parts and illness; parts of a house; food; trades and occupations; countries etc etc.

 


31. [ASIA - KYRGYZSTAN]
[PANOV, Ivan N.]
[Collection of Thirty-Three Original Photographs of the Early Years of Soviet Kyrgyzstan, Showing First Steamers on Lake Issyk-Kul, Koisara and Jeti-Ögüz Resorts, Monument to Nikolay Przhevalsky at the Shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, and Over a Dozen Portraits of Kirghiz People Taken Near Przhevalsk (modern Karakol)].

Ca. 1929. Thirty-three loose gelatin silver prints from ca. 12,5x18 cm (5x7 in) to ca. 11,5x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ¼ in). One photo with a period pencil inscription in Russian on verso. Overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of early original photographs of views and scenes of Soviet Kyrgyzstan taken by talented Tashkent photographer Ivan Panov; many of his photos were printed as postcards by the State Art Publishing House (Izogiz) in the 1930s. Our collection shows the area near Przhevalsk (now Karakol) at the eastern tip of Lake Issyk-Kul and contains ten interesting photos of the first Soviet steamers on the lake. The construction of the “highest fleet in USSR” (1600 m above the sea level) started in 1925 at Jergalchak near Przhevalsk; our images include a general panorama of a bay of Issyk-Kul with the steamers in it, a view of several steamers at the wharf with the snow-capped mountains at distance, a scene of unloading logs on shore, and a series of four images depicting a steamer leaving the shore with the crowd of people watching it. Six photos depict Soviet camp type resort at Koisara (southern shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, 15 km away from Przhevalsk), showing a general panorama of the resort with the canteen and the yurts of the resort guests, close views of the yurts, the interior of the canteen, the resort guests at the canteen et al. There are also views of the monument to Nikolay Przhevalsky at the shore of Lake Issyk-Kul (about 9 km north of Przhevalsk), and of the famous Rock of Seven Bulls at the Jeti-Ögüz balneotherapic resort (southern shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, about 28 km west of Przhevalsk).
Over a dozen photos portray Kirghiz families and groups near Przhevalsk, shown next to their yurts, mounted on horses; women weaving a carpet; men with donkeys laden with firewood; a group of men mounted on horses on a street, women in beautiful native costumes, children, et al. Overall a historically significant visual archive of the early Soviet years in the region around Lake Issyk-Kul.
Ivan Panov actively worked for the State Art Publishing House (Izogiz), taking views of Central Asian cities and landscapes, as well as portraits of local people. Many of them were printed as postcards by the Izogiz in the 1930s (he is known for his views of Tashkent, Lake Issyk-Kul, Chelyabinsk, Moscow, Black Sea resorts and others).

 


32. [ASIA - PERSIA]
HERBERT, Thomas (1606-1682)
Some Yeares Travels into Divers Parts of Asia and Afrique. Describing especially the two Famous Empires, the Persian, and Great Mogull: weaved with the History of these later Times. And also, many rich and spatious Kingdomes in the Orientall India, and other parts of Asia; together with the adjacent Islas. Severally relating the Religion, Language, Qualities, Customes, Habit, Descent, Fashions, and other Observations touching them. With a revivall of the first Discoverer of America.

London: R. Bip. for Jacob Blome & Richard Bishop, 1638. Second Revised and Enlarged Edition. Quarto (27,5x18,5 cm). [10], 364, [14] pp. With a copper-engraved pictorial title-page and many copper-engravings including maps in text. Period dark brown gilt tooled half calf with brown gilt title label and marbled boards. Later endpapers, extremities, especially edges and corners of boards with wear, front hinge with crack but holding, last twenty pages with some worming of blank upper outer corner of text, not affecting text, but overall still a good copy.
"Herbert's narrative "is of considerable importance from a historical point of view, as giving us the only detailed account available of the first English embassy to Persia" (Cox I, p.248). In about 1626 Herbert secured "a place in Sir Dodmore Cotton's impending diplomatic mission to Shah Abbas of Persia. After several delays Cotton's party finally sailed from England on 23 March 1627. The mission turned out to be a diplomatic disaster. Both of its leaders, Sir Robert Shirley and Cotton, sickened and died during July 1628, while the shah's enthusiasm for Englishmen cooled. Herbert, along with the other survivors, then made the slow return to England, arriving at Gravesend on 12 January 1630. In the course of his travels he visited the notable Persian cities of Gombroon, Shiraz, Esfahan, Ashraf, Qazvin, and Qom as well as other Asian and African locales such as Surat, Mauritius, the Cape of Good Hope, and St Helena" (Oxford DNB); Howgego H67; Sabin 31471.

 


33. [ASIA - TIBET]
[ANDRADE, Antonio de] (1580-1634)
Histoire de ce qui s’est passé au royaume du Tibet. Tirée des lettres escrites en l’année 1626. Adressée au R.P. Mutio Vitelleschi, General de la Compagnie de Iesus. Traduicte d’Italien en François par un Pere de la mesme Companie [Account of the Events in the Kingdom of Tibet, from the letters written in 1626…]

Paris: Sébastien Cramoisy, 1629. First Edition. Small Octavo (17.5 x 11cm). [2 – t.p.], [6], 104 pp. With a woodcut vignette on the title page, a woodcut headpiece and several woodcut initials in text. Later full vellum with a later red morocco gilt lettered title label on the spine, all edges gilt. Paper very mildly age toned, otherwise a near fine clean copy.
First French edition of an important letter by Portuguese Jesuit missionary Antonio de Andrade written in Tsaparang, on the 15th of August 1626, during his second journey to Tibet. Andrade was sent as a Portuguese envoy to the Jesuit mission in Goa and then to Agra. “Seeking Christian communities thought to thrive beyond the Himalayas, and also to gather information on Lamaism, he left Delhi in 1624 with Manuel Marques (a Portuguese lay-brother) <…> By negotiating the deep snows of the Mana Pass (= Mana Shankou) (July 1624), Andrade descended into the state of Guge at Tsaparang (… on the River Sutlej in Tibet) where he encountered his first Buddhists. After successfully convincing the local ruler to allow the teaching of Christianity, Andrade returned to Agra. Immediately on reaching Agra, Andrade despatched a letter to his superiors, relating his journey and experiences in Tibet. This was published in Lisbon in 1626 by the press of Matteo Pinheiro under the title “Novo descobrimento do gram Cathayo, ou reinos de Tibet.” Accepting an invitation to return to Tibet, Andrade arrived back in the country in 1625 along with other Jesuits, and consecrated a church at Tsaparang on Easter Sunday 1626. Andrade made a third journey in 1627, but in 1629 was recalled to Goa to fulfil his appointment as superior for the Indies <…> In 1631 the mission of Tibet was abandoned when the lamas revolted at the growing influence of the Jesuits, provoking violent local reactions.” (Howgego, Encyclopedia of Exploration to 1800, A88).
The book was first published in Portuguese by Matteo Pinheiro (1627) and was translated into French (from the Italian edition of 1628) by Jesuit Jean Darde. It describes Andrade’s second voyage and the early days of the mission, talks about the kingdom of Tibet and nearby lands, and the opposition from the Lamas to the construction of the church and the development of the Jesuit mission. “Padre Andrade accepted the King’s offer to construct a Church and a residence for the Padres and work began on Easter day, April 12, 1626. Several houses near the palace were demolished to construct the buildings and a garden. The relationship between the Padres and royal family and the activities that took place in the palace and the Padres’ new residence in 1625 and 1626 are included in Padre Andrade’s long letter written on August 15, 1626 from Tibet. This second letter of Padre Andrade includes much more about Tibetan life, as well as the conflict between the lamas and the secular population friendly to Christianity” (Abdo, Joseph C. [Biography of] Padre Antonio de Andrade// http://win.ippolito-desideri.net/Andrade-en.html). Brunet, I, 265. Cordier, BS, 2901. Sommervogel, I, 331.

 


34. [ASIA - TIBET]
[IAKINF/ BICHURIN, Nikita Jakovlevich] (1777-1853)
Opisanie Tibeta v Nyneshnem Yego Sostoyanii. S Kartoyu Dorogi iz Chen-du do Khlassy. Perevod s Kitaiskago [Description of Tibet in its Modern State. With a Map of the Road from Chen-du to Lhassa. Translated from Chinese].

Saint Petersburg: Typ. of the Imperial Foundling Home, 1828. First and only edition. Octavo. xxvi, 223, [2 - errata] pp. With a large folding engraved map of Tibet and a hand coloured folding copper engraved view of Lhasa. Later dark green full sheep with richly decorated gilt and blind stamped ornaments on the boards; spine with raised bands, gilt stamped ornaments and gilt lettered title. Both original publisher’s wrappers bound in, first wrapper with a period ink inscription in Russian on verso: “Received on the 11th of September 1829 from the bookshop of the Department of Public Education” (in translation). Pale 19th century library stamps on verso of the map, title page, dedication leaf and in text, page 159/160 neatly remargined, otherwise a very good copy.
Very Rare Russian imprint with only ten paper copies found in Worldcat (Harvard University, UC Berkeley, Yale University, University of Washington, University of Kansas, Columbia University in the City of New York, University of Wisconsin, Cleveland Public Library, New York Public Library, Berlin State Library).
First Russian book about Tibet and first printed book by the famous Russian historian and translator archimandrite Iakinf, “the father of Russian sinology” (his “Notes on Mongolia” were published later the same year). Complete, with a large folding map of a caravan route from Chengdu (Sichuan province of China) to Lhasa (the main route to Tibet), and a picturesque hand coloured bird’s-eye view of Lhasa, “the first detailed view of the city to appear in a Western printed book” (Sotheby’s).
“A very rare and valuable account of Tibet from a Chinese perspective. The first and only edition in Russian and the first printing of this work in the West, translated by the Russian monk and Sinologist Iakinf Bichurin from the Chinese original of 1792. With a very fine hand-coloured bird's-eye view of Lhasa, the first detailed view of the city to appear in a Western printed book; the plan and key are present in only a very small number of copies. This book, edited by Lu Hua Chu, was written by the Chinese civil servant Ma Shao Yun, aided by Shung Mai-hai and was intended as an official government handbook for the Chinese army then occupying Tibet and to give information to the authorities in China about Tibet. The book is divided into two parts: the first is a topographical description of the route from Chen-du in Szechuan province to Lhasa; the second contains information on various aspects of Tibet, including its history, frontiers, the calendar, army, law, finances, dress, food, manners and customs, buildings, medicine, divination, and details of the Chinese administration. The translator, Iakinf Bichurin, spent 14 years as leader of the Russian Orthodox Mission to China in the early nineteenth century. His scholarly studies of China and Chinese culture brought him distinction as one of the founding fathers of Chinese studies and one of the first Russian Sinologists; he was also a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences” (Sotheby’s).
The main text is supplemented with two “articles” specially written by father Iakinf: a sketch of Tibet’s geography, history, population, education and administration; and an essay about history and modern state of religion in Tibet. The book was dedicated to princess Zinaida Volkonskaya (1789-1862), Russian soloist, poet and writer and an important figure in 19th-century Russian cultural life, who financially supported the publication of the book. In 1831 “Opisanie Tibeta” was translated into French by Julius von Klaproth who made Iakinf widely known in the European scientific circles (Description du Tibet, traduite partiellement du chinois en russe par le P. Hyacinthe Bitchourin, et du russe en français par M. ***; soigneusement revue et corrigée sur l’original chinois, complétée et accompagnée de notes par M. Klaproth. Paris: Imprimerie royale, 1831). Shorty after the book had been published, Russian Academy of Sciences made father Iakinf its member (1828); in 1831 he also joined the Asiatic Society of Paris.
Not in Yakushi (3rd edition).

 


35. [ASIA - TIBET]
FILCHNER, Wilhelm (1877-1957)
[A Collection of Seven Original Ink Drawings (Three initialed "C.A.") Used as Illustrations in Wilhelm Filchner's Book " Das Kloster Kumbum in Tibet. Ein Beitrag zu Seiner Geschichte (The Monastery Kumbum in Tibet. A Contribution to its History)" Berlin: Mittler & Sohn 1906].

Ca. 1905. Seven ink drawings on thick paper ca. 27x23 cm (11x9 in) and slightly smaller. The original ink drawings are recently matted together with the corresponding printed text illustration leaves from the book. Housed in a custom made black cloth portfolio with a printed paper title page label and silk ties. One drawing with an expertly repaired corner chip, but overall the ink drawings are in very good condition.
This historically important collection of ink drawings show 1. A Tibetan Rosary (p.47); 2. Lama d Ge ss Long with yellow hat and cloak etc. (p.48); 3. A travelling lama (p.63); 4. Illustration of an Indian legend (p.85); 5. A prayer drum partially made with human skull parts (p. 103); 6. A water-powered prayer wheel (p.104); 7. Tibetan cairn with prayer flags on mountain top (p.128). The illustrations are supplemented with the matted title page and map of the monastery from the book. The preface states that the ink drawings were created by an artist under Filchner's direction based on photographs made by Filchner. The purpose of Filchner's 1903-5 "expedition to Tibet [was] to carry out geomagnetic and topographical surveys on the high plateau. In addition to its scientific work the expedition carried out a significant intelligence-gathering role and was contemporaneous with similar missions by Francis Younghusband and others" (Howgego, 1850-1940 Polar Regions etc., F6). "Kumbum Monastery is a Buddhist monastery in present day Qinghai, China. Kumbum was founded in 1583 in a narrow valley close to the village of Lusar in the Tibetan cultural region of Amdo. Its superior monastery is Drepung Monastery, immediately to the west of Lhasa. It was ranked in importance as second only to Lhasa" (Wikipedia).

 


36. [ASIA - TURKMENISTAN]
[PANOV, Ivan N.]
[Collection of Forty-Nine Original Photographs of Soviet Turkmenistan, Including Over Twenty Views of Ashgabat Taken Before the 1948 Earthquake, Views of Chardzhou, Mary, Kyzyl-Arvat, and Picturesque Portraits of the Local People].

Ca. 1928-1930. Forty-nine loose gelatin silver prints from ca. 13x18 cm (5 ¼ x 7 in) to ca. 10,5x16 cm (4 ¼ x 6 ¼ in). Seven photos captioned and/or numbered in Russian on verso. A couple of photos with minor small corners creases, one with a corner chip, but overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of early vivid photo views and scenes of Soviet Turkmenistan taken a few years after it had become a part of the Soviet Union (1924). The images were taken by talented Tashkent photographer Ivan Panov who worked for the State Art Publishing House in Moscow (Izogiz). Many of Panov’s views of Central Asian cities and landscapes, as well as portraits of local people were printed as postcards by the Izogiz in the 1930s (he is known for his views of Tashkent, Lake Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan, Chelyabinsk, Moscow, Black Sea resorts and others).
The collection includes over twenty views of Ashgabat taken before the city was heavily destroyed during the 1948 earthquake. The images show the Baha’i temple (first in the world, constructed in 1908, demolished in 1963), monument to V. Lenin (finished in 1927), Turkmen Institute of Culture (decorated with the sculptures of Reading Turkmens – a man and a woman), Turkmen State Museum, Polytechnic school, Ashgabat Central Committee of the Communist Party, the storefront of the Ashgabat branch of the State Publishing House (Gosizdat), railway station, covered galleries of the city market, building of the textile factory (constructed in 1924), three views of Ashgabat water tower built after a project by V. Shukhov, Ashgabat state theatre of Russian drama, cinema theatre, and others. There are also interesting views of a Turkmen aul (village) near Kyzyl-Arvat (now Serdar, north-west of Ashgabat); boats and boats men on the Amu Darya River at Chardzhou (now Turkmenabad); a market and a camel caravan at rest in Mary (an oasis in the Karakum Desert). Over a dozen portraits depict the Turkmen people at a market (selling watermelons, sheep, harnesses); local families outside or inside their yurts, children, camel drovers, and others. Overall an interesting collection of vivid views of first Soviet years in Turkmenistan.

 


37. [ASIA - VIETNAM - SAIGON]
CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of Saigon and Environs].

1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; six larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with cloth sides. Watercolours mounted laid paper leaves. Album overall in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.

 


38. [ASIA - VIETNAM - TONKIN]
BORNAS, Aug[ust?]
[Album of Ten Original Pen and Wash Sketches of Military Fortifications, Villages and Mountainous Views of Tonkin (North Vietnam) Taken by a Participant of the French Military Campaign on Pacification of Tonkin (1886-1896)].

Ca. 1891. Oblong Quarto (ca. 21x29 cm). 12 leaves. With ten sketches in pen and wash on beige paper each ca. 13x21 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¼ in) and mounted on album leaves. All but one captioned in ink in the lower margins of the sketches, five signed “Aug. Bournas” in the lower corners (three additionally dated February or December 1891), one signed “Diesenhosen”(?) in the right lower corner Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with maroon cloth boards, Several drawings with very minor corner creases, but overall a very good album of sketches.
Interesting album of original drawings made by a participant of the French Pacification of Tonkin (1886-1896) - one Aug[ust?] Bornas who served in the column of Commandant Fournier (XI Legion) during the 1891 campaign. Tonkin (in the north-east of modern Vietnam) became a part of French Indochina in 1887, but it took French authorities almost ten years to completely subdue the region, especially its northern mountainous areas. These skillful sketches document the steady and painful advance of French troops into the hilly interior of rebellious Tonkin, showing small villages and French posts, barricades destroyed during the advance, mountains and valleys, streams et al. The drawings include:
1. A view of the bridge across the Tra Linh River dated February 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
2. A view of the barricade (made of bamboo) at Lung Giao, destroyed by the column of Commandant Fournier on 27 March 1891.
3. A view of the barricade (made of bricks and bamboo) at Lung Kett, which closes the entrance to Thien Sang (view taken from inside), the barricade was destroyed by the column of Commandant Fournier on 3 April 1891.
4. A view of the Lung-Phai village with three watch towers, dated December 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
5. A view of Dong Khe fort, facing west, with French tricolor waving above. Dated December 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
6. A view of the French post in the town of Ngan Son (Bắc Kạn Province, Northeastern Vietnam), with French tricolor waving above.
7. A view of the market in Tan Bon (on the route from Nam-Nang to Dong Khe, Northeastern Vietnam).
8. Camp in Nai Phung and the Pac Giai valley.
9. A view of the Lung Che circue taken from above, signed “Diesenhosen” (?).
10. Untitled drawing portraying French officers taking rest on a river bank (two are talking, one is cooking on a camp stove), with two Vietnamese boats landed on shore nearby.
“The Pacification of Tonkin (1886-96) was a slow and ultimately successful military and political campaign undertaken by the French Empire in the northern portion of Tonkin (modern-day north Vietnam) to re-establish order in the wake of the Sino-French War (August 1884 – April 1885), to entrench a French protectorate in Tonkin, and to suppress Vietnamese opposition to French rule” (Wikipedia).

 


39. [ASIA - WORLD MAP]
SCHNELL, Edward (1834-1890) & TAKEDA, Kango
A Map of the World in Japanese by Ed. Schnell Yokohama February 1862 (Bankoku Kokaizu).

Yokohama, 1862. Original outline hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 88x156 cm (35 x 60 ½ in). Folding map in original beige linen covers with printed pink paper title label on front cover. Some minor worming of blank margins, but overall a very good copy in very original condition.
Rare map with only three copies found in Worldcat. This large format map published by Edward Schnell is the corrected and updated second edition of the map published in 1858 by Kango Takeda, who had translated and redrawn the 1845 world map by John Purdy et al titled: "A New Chart of the World On Mercator's Projection with the Tracks of the Most Celebrated & Recent Navigators." The original 1845 map had been owned and used by Admiral Yevfimy Putyatin on his ship Diana during his diplomatic mission to Japan which resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Shimoda in 1855. However, the Diana sank in the Bay of Miyajima-mura after the powerful Ansei-Tōkai earthquake of 23 December 1854. Nevertheless, Putyatin's world map was saved and came into the hands of Kango Takeda, who translated it and produced a Japanese version of it in 1858. Then in 1862 Edward Schnell updated and corrected Takeda's 1858 map and published the present map. This world map on Mercator's projection, has several text boxes including a distance chart with distances from London shown to various destinations and a chronological list of the most important explorers. The routes of the voyages of major 18th and 19th century explorers such as Captain Cook's et al are also shown on the map.
"The publisher, Edward Schnell, was a Dutch-German arms dealer who lived in Japan in the 1860s. This was a period when Japan was gradually lifting restrictions on foreigners, encouraging trade and opening communication with the west. This map is one of the first Japanese maps to be based on the Mercator projection"(sl.nsw.gov.au). Edward Schnell "also served the Aizu domain as a military instructor and procurer of weapons" (Wikipedia). Edward Schnell, who in the 1850s had served in the Prussian Army and spoke Malay, traveled to Japan in around 1860 with his brother Henry following the enforced opening of Yokohama to foreign trade. In Japan, Edward took a Japanese wife Kawai Tsugonusuke, with whom he had a son.

 


40. [ATLAS OF THE WORLD]
LOBECK, Tobias (Active 1750-70) & LOTTER, Tobias Conrad (1717-1777)
Atlas geographicus portatilis, XXIX. mappis orbis habitabilis regna exhibens. Kurzgefasste Geographie ... Nebst compendieusen Land-Charten, welche einen kleinen Sack-Atlas ausmachen. [Portable Geographic Atlas..,].

Augsburg: T. Lobeck, ca. 1758. Expanded Edition. 72 pp. Oblong Duodecimo (ca. 11,5x15 cm). With an engraved frontispiece, and engraved title-page, and forty-one engraved hand-coloured maps. Handsome original brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep. Extremities mildly rubbed, gilt darkened, but overall a very good copy with a very clean maps and text.
Lotter was Matthäus Seutter's son in law and worked with Seutter in his workshop and became his most talented employee and then in 1756 succeeded Seutter with Seutter oldest son. Lotter produced Seutter's Atlas Minor and then from 1758 his own Atlas Minor, the present atlas being a further reduced version. This expanded edition of the Atlas geographicus portatilis with fourteen newly added mostly German regional maps all engraved by Lobeck himself. The atlas was sold both with and without Lobeck’s undated geographical notes. The destruction of Lima in 1746 is mentioned as having taken place last year but this edition is from around 1758 or slightly later. Phillips 631f; Tooley's Mapmakers K-P, p.145 & 158.

 


41. [ATLAS OF THE WORLD]
PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius (after 83-ca 168 AD)
Geographiae Universae tum veteris tum novae absolvtissimum opus duobus voluminibus distinctum in quorum priore habentur Cl. Ptolemæi Pelvisiensis Geographicae enarrationis Libri octo. P. I-II.., [Universal Geography..,].

Cologne: Petrus Keschedt, 1597. Second Latin Edition. Quarto, 2 parts in one. [viii], 184, [38], [2]; 292 leaves, [28 leaves index] pp. With two elaborately engraved title-pages with oval cartouches within engraved allegorical borders and 63 full-page engraved maps printed on rectos or versos of letterpress. Bound without the double page world map (after Rumold Mercator) often found bound in after p. 28 in part 2, but with no trace that it was ever present. Period full vellum with manuscript title in ink on spine. New endpapers and text mildly age toned throughout, otherwise in very good original condition.
"Second edition of Ptolomy's Geographia edited by Giovanni Magnini which was first published in Venice 1596. The maps are exact copies of Girolamo Porro's maps used for the first edition and later Venetian editions. This is the issue without the colophon at the end of the "Index" (corresponding with a copy at Harvard)" (Sothebys); Alden & Landis 597/57; Phillips 404 (issue with colophon); Sabin 66493n and 43822; Shirley 201-204.

 


42. [AUSTRALIA - VICTORIA]
[Album of Thirty-six Early Albumen Photographs of Various Cities and Towns in the Australian State of Victoria Titled in Gilt on Front Cover:] Photographic Views of Victoria.

Ca. 1880. Quarto (ca. 27x22,5 cm). Thirty-six stiff card leaves. With thirty-six mounted albumen photographs each ca. 16x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in). All captioned in pencil on mounts. With a presentation inscription on front free fly leaf: "A Souvenir of Victoria to Mrs. Rose from A. & S. Th . Melbourne, 4th of January 1882. Period black decoratively gilt tooled full sheep album. Rebacked in style. A few photographs mildly faded but overall a very good collection of interesting early photographs.
The Victorian Gold Rush of the 1850s and 60s led to a significant economic and population expansion in Victoria and the rivalry with New South Wales resulted in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880 which was the first official World's Fair in the Southern Hemisphere. This interesting collection of early photographs of the towns and cities in post gold rush Victoria documents the development of the state at that time and includes images of: the Melbourne International Exhibition; Interior Opening Day; West Melbourne from Exhibition Dome; Independent Church Collins St.; Sailor's Home Spencer St.; Bourke St. East; Melbourne Town Hall; Bourke St. West; Scot's Church Collins St.; New Eastern Market; Museum; St. Kilda's Road; Government House; Kew Lunatic Asylum from Studley Park; Punt - Simpson Road; Melbourne from South Yarra; Melbourne from the Domain; Mountain Tree Ferns Dandenung State Forest; Coranderrk Aboriginal Station; Lower Falls on Creek Scene; Moorabool River Railway Viaduct; Clunes; Ferns; Geelong Railway Station; Scene on the Yarra; Stawell Mining Township; Aqueduct over River Plenty; Ballarat Mines; Castlemaine; Geelong West; Echuca Punt; Castlemain State Quarries; Falls Lower Campaspe; Hesket; Bush Sawmills (near Stawell); River Scene (with presumably the photographer by the river bank).

 


43. [CANADA - DAWSON CITY, YUKON]
[LARSS & DUCLOS?]
[Original Three Part Gelatin Silver Photograph Panorama of Dawson City, Y.T.]

Ca. 1900. Three part gelatin silver print ca. 15x61,5 cm (6 x 24 ½ in) joined by black linen strips. With a crease caused by incorrect folding, but otherwise a very good strong panorama.
"Dawson City was the centre of the Klondike Gold Rush. It began in 1896 and changed the First Nations camp into a thriving city of 40,000 by 1898. By 1899, the gold rush had ended and the town's population plummeted as all but 8,000 people left. When Dawson was incorporated as a city in 1902, the population was under 5,000" (Wikipedia).
"Joseph E.N. Duclos (1863-1917) was born in Quebec but moved to Maine where he learned his photography skills. He and his wife Emily arrived in Dawson in 1898 via St. Michael and the Yukon River. Duclos worked as a miner on Lovett Gulch before joining Per Edward Larss in the photography firm of Larss and Duclos on April 1, 1899. Duclos specialized in studio portraits while Larss roamed the streets and the gold fields. They sold views of the Chilkoot Pass, Dawson and gold fields scenes taken in 1898 advertising "Thousands of negatives in stock". Larss and Duclos also sold film and supplies for amateurs. The firm was dissolved in 1904 when Larss left the Yukon but Duclos continued as a photographer in Dawson until 1912, when he sold his studio to E.O. Ellingsen. Duclos reported to Larss in 1905 that he was getting a fair share of the work although there was competition in the portrait business from Edward Adams and Mrs. Edith Goetzman. Joseph Duclos died of pneumonia after undergoing surgery in Alaska in 1917" (virtualmuseum.ca).

 


44. [CAPTAIN COOK]
SELB, Josef (1784-1832)
[A large Oval Lithographed Portrait Titled:] James Cook. G. (sic) Webber pinx. Jos. Selb del.

[Munich?], ca. 1821. Lithographed oval portrait ca. 20x17,5 cm on sheet of beige wove paper ca. 41,5x29 cm. Accompanied by double sided printed text sheet of Captain Cook's biography in German, also on beige wove paper, watermarked "Mde I. A. Huber." Both portrait and text leaf in fine condition.
A rare unusual German lithographed portrait of Captain James Cook (1728-1779) after a Francesco Bartolozzi (1727-1815) engraving of the John Webber (1751-1793) painting of Captain Cook from 1776 (now in the National Portrait Gallery). This portrait is different from the Bartolozzi engraving in that Captain Cook is looking left rather than right.
Joseph Selb was a painter and lithographer. He received his first artistic instruction from his older brother Karl, and in 1799 he took up studies at the Academy of Düsseldorf, where he stayed for two years. After he returned home, he helped his brother paint a number of Tyrolean churches. When these works were completed, the two brothers went to Munich to further develop their art. At the outbreak of the Tyrolean uprising in 1809, Karl returned to the Tyrol, but Joseph remained in Munich. With the endorsement of the royal lithography inspector Michael Mettenleiter, he was appointed to the surveying and mapping commission where brilliant achievements in the field of lithography were achieved, also with Selb's input. Then in 1816, Selb took over the management of the Zeller lithography Institute. Later he was active in the continuation of the Royal Galeriewerk, begun by Strixner and Piloty. (deutsche-biographie.de).

 


45. [CARIBBEAN - GUADALOUPE & MARTINIQUE]
[Album with Eighty-Six Original Photographs of Two French Navy School Ships Including Views of Onboard Activities and Stops in Guadeloupe, Martinique, Malta, Portugal, Algeria, France and Belgium Titled:] Campagne d’Été (Aout 1885) à bord du Bougainville – École Navale, Manche-Anvers Campagne d’Application à bord de la frégate d’Iphigénie (5 Octobre 1886-30 Juillet 1887) – Atlantique-Méditerranée occidentale [Summer Voyage (August 1885) Aboard the Bougainville - Naval School, Manche-Antwerp Voyage aboard the Frigate Iphigénie (5 October 1886-30 July 1887) - Atlantic - Western Mediterranean].

Ca. 1885-1887. Large Folio album ca. 35,5x27,5 cm (14 x 10 ¾ in). 86 original photographs including 80 albumen prints and 6 cyanotypes, mounted on recto and/or verso of 29 leaves ca. 34,5x24,5 cm (13 ½ x 9 ½ in). 10 large photographs from ca. 23,5x17,5 cm (9 ¼ x 6 ¾ in) to ca. 27,5x23,5 cm (10 ¾ x 9 ¼ in), one photograph ca. 5,5x9 cm (2 x 3 ½ in) and the rest ca. 13,5x9,5 cm (5 ¼ x 3 ¾ in) to ca. 12x18,5 cm (4 ½ x 7 ¼ in). All captioned in period manuscript black ink on mount and/or in negative on the photograph. Period brown half sheep with gilt bands, brown pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Album leaves slightly waved, covers with some mild wear at extremities, but overall album and photographs in very good condition.
This album contains photographs showing onboard activities, landscapes and port cities during the travels of two French Navy School ships. The majority of the album focuses on a voyage aboard the Iphigénie frigate from October 5th 1886 to July 30th 1887 around the Mediterranean sea and across the Atlantic Ocean to the Caribbean. Two large photographs show a rare views of a equatorial line-crossing ceremony in November 1886 during which the crew dress up in costumes. Several photographs show landscapes of the Caribbean, including the Islands of the Saints, «La Grande Anse» and the Chameau Mountain in Guadeloupe, as well as the Madame river in Martinique. Additionally, there are two portraits of laundresses in Fort de France, Martinique. Eight photographs of Malta include a panorama of Valletta, views of the port, and streets in the Faubourg of Lisla. There are several images showing Portugal, including the Tower of Belem in Lisbon and eight views of the Pena Palace in Sintra. Photographs of Algeria include views of Alger and Mers-el-Kébir and two portraits of Moorish women. Also shown are several onboard exercises, such as firing the canon, and military exercices on land, such as landing exercises. The album also contains photographs of another Naval School ship’s voyage from Manche, France to Anvers, Belgium onboard the Bougainville in 1885. These include views of the Saint André Church and the Calvaire St Paul in Anvers as well as two destroyer stationed in the Brest port, the Terrible and the d’Estaing. Overall a historically interesting early album showing scenes of the voyages and activities of French Naval School ships in the Mediterranean, Atlantic and Caribbean.
List of captioned images:
Chaire de la cathédrale d’Anvers; Chaire de l’église de St André, Anvers; Anvers, Lot de la Bourse; Salle du Conseil – Palais des Grands Maîtres, Malte; Chef de Corporation par G. De Vos – Musée d’Anvers; Malte – Le Port, Polyphemus torpilleur anglais, lance torpilles sous l’eau- guille mobile; Le Christ de Léonard de Vinci, cathédrale d’Anvers; Malte – L’entrée du port; Le Christ de Rubens; Malte – Le Port; L’Intérieur de St André (Anvers); Calvaire St Paul (Anvers); L’Adoration de l’agneau de Van Dyck; Iphigénie au mouillage dans le port de Philippeville (Mai 1887); Tour de Belem – Lisbonne – Octobre 86; Faubourg de Belem (Lisbonne); Couvent des Hicronymites – Lisbonne; Château Royal de la Pena sur la Suerra Cintra (30 kil ouest de Lisbonne); Porte d’entrée du Château de la Pena; Château de la Pena; Château de la Pena porte d’entrée; Ruines du château des Maures sur un piton en face de la Pena; Autre vue de la Pena prise de la route qui y conduit; Cour intérieure de la Pena. À gauche, vue sur l’océan. A droite, porte d’entrée (diable); Château de la Pena, Porte donnant accès aux galeries qui conduisent à la porte principale (diable); La Pena; Blanchisseuse de Fort de France dans ses plus beaux atours; Maison particulière sur la savane à Fort de France; La fête du passage de la Ligne à bord de l’Iphigénie, Passage à la baille pour le baptème; Paysages des environs de Fort de France; Arbre à Pain; Rivière Madame Fort de France; La fête du passage de la Ligne à bord de l’Iphigénie Novembre 1886. Le défilé du roi tropique et sa suite; Decembre 86 à Janvier 87 Deux Vues prises des flancs du chameau; Mouillage des Saintes (terre d’en haut), le bourg à droite, le fort Napoleon à gauche, le fort de la bête rouge au premier plan, l’Iphigénie; La terre d’en haut, Le Bourg, anse du fond curé au premier plan puis petite anse puis anse du bourg; Alger, Vue générale prise des jetées; Mauresque d’Alger – Aïcha; Le Bourg des Saintes; Vue Prise des flancs du Chameau , du bourg des Saintes et d’un ravin; Terrible, cuirasse d’escadre, canon du 42 eme; L’Iphigénie au mouillage des Saintes prise des bords de l’anse du bourg, porte sable à droite, porte à vache et paté à gauche; L’ilet à Cabrits, l’Iphigénie, les aspirants aux observations; Square sur le quai d’Ajaccio 13 Mai 1887; L’ilet à Cabrits; Montagne du Chameau aux pieds le fort de la tête rouge puis le pain de sucre, au dernier plan, la terre d’en bas; Exercice du canon de débarquement aux Saintes; Blanchisseuse du Fort de France; Exercices en terrains variés, compagnie de débarquement de l’Iphigénie aux Saintes, Montagne de Chameau au milieu au dernier plan; Formation contre la cavalerie; Ruines près de Quimperlé Juillet 1887; Appartements du 1er président à Alger Mai-Juin 1887; Exercices de débarquement aux Saintes; Dakar mi-Novembre 1886; Le bourg des saintes; La Grande Anse (Saintes) Tir du fusil; L’Iphigénie aux Saintes – Port Napoléon à droite; Ajaccio place Grandal; Statue d’Abattuci Ajaccio près du rivage, sortie de la ville en allant à Bastia; La Valette, Malte, fin de Mai 1887; 4e poste Babord, l’Iphigénie; 1er poste Babord; Champion, poste de guerre de Malte-Anse des Français; Strada Crocifixo (Malte); Strada Vittoria (Malte); Grotte de Napoléon à Ajaccio; Saintes-Escrime au Sabre; Galerie dans le palais des Grands Maître, Malte; Iphigénie à Malte- Anse des Français; Iphigénie, Gaillard d’arrière; Tir du canon de l’Iphigénie; Gaillard d’Avant, l’Iphigénie; Tir du canon revolver sur la dunette; Dunette de l’Iphigénie; Le Terrible en armement dans le port de Brest; Le d’Estaing en armement dans le port de Brest; Mers-el-Kébir 10-13 Juin 1887; Mers-el-Kébir Le Port, vue prise de la route d’Aïn el Turk; Tir du canon de 10 c/m Gaillard d’avant de l’Iphigénie; Ecouvillonnez; Types Algériens, Femme Mauresque d’Oran; Dunette tribord prise de la grande hume; Gaillard d’avant de l’Iphigénie prise de la Grande Hume.

 


46. [CARIBBEAN - JAMAICA (KINGSTON EARTHQUAKE 1907)]
[Album of Sixty Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Titled:] A Visit to Jamaica in 1907 Immediately After the Great Earthquake.

1907. Oblong Quarto (ca. 20x25,5 cm). 30 dark green stiff card album leaves. Sixty gelatin silver photographs (47 glossy and 13 matte) ranging in size from ca. 11x15,5 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in) to ca, 7.5x10 cm (3x4 in) mounted recto on album leaves. All captioned on mounts in manuscript white ink. With two ephemeral pieces of R.M.S. "Port Kingston" tipped in: Souvenir - Imperial Direct West India Mail Service Co. Ld. - Log of the R.M.S. "Port Kingston" (voyage 22) & Dinner D' Adieu 11-3-07 & Programme of Athletic Sports Tuesday March 5th 1907. Also loosely inserted Passenger list T.S.S. "Tahiti" Sailing.., For Sydney (Oct. 1911). Period black gilt tooled half morocco with dark green pebbled cloth boards. Rebacked in style, extremities with mild wear and boards with some mild water staining, but overall a very good collection of interesting photographs.
This interesting private album of a voyage to Jamaica soon after the 1907 earthquake, shows onboard scenes and over fifteen detailed views of the damage caused by the earthquake in Kingston and includes views the Colonial Bank ruins, King Street in ruins, Orange Street in ruins, Queen Victoria's statue turned around by earthquake and the damage to the Parish Church. Other views include over ten images of Ocho Rios including the Sylvia Lawn Hotel and its staff as well as numerous views of the beach and several views of Montego Bay, Constant Spring showing Earthquake damage and views of Spanish Town and the Rio Cobra River.
The collection of photographs include: Onboard: Ship deck; Approaching Turks Island; Wheelbarrow race on deck; Port Royal, showing sunken trees; Sunrise over Blue Mountains, Jamaica; Couple on Deck; Kingston: Nearing the wharves; Alongside a Wharf; Colonial Bank Ruins; Street Ruins; King Street (4 views, including ruins and fire damage); Orange Street; Crowds at the Market; People waiting in line at The Halfway Tree; Constant Spring Hotel; View from Constant Spring Hotel; The Parish Church (two views, visible damage); Queen Victoria’s Statue affected by Earthquake; Wharves seen from Shore
Ocho Rios: Sylvia Lawn Hotel (two views, one with staff); Beach (Seven views, including private cove and family photos); The Fording (two views); Cocoa-nut palms; River Falls (coloured photo) Spanish Town: Royal Palms; Admiral Rodneys Monument; Rio Cobra River (four views); Street view Castleton: Hut on the Road to Castleton; Castleton Gardens (three views) Moneague: On the Road to Moneague; Palm Trees; View; Fern Gully; Montego Bay (five views, including a Country Spring and Dry River Bed); Constant Spring showing Earthquake Damage.
The January 14, 1907 Kingston earthquake had a magnitude of 6.5 and was considered at that time one of the world's worst in history.

 


47. [EGYPT (NILE VOYAGE)]
MONK, Charles James (1824-1900)
[Collection of Five Autograph Letters Signed From Charles Monk to his Mother and Sister, Written during his Travels up and down the Nile, With Interesting Notes on the Temples and Sites Visited, Latest Events in Egypt, His Dragoman and the Boat Crew, Hunting Trips, Other European and American Travellers on the Nile et al.].

Kenneh, Thebes, Cairo, on board French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 1848-1849. Five Autograph Letters Signed, all Quarto (from ca. 26,5x21,5 cm to ca. 24,5x20 cm). Brown ink on white or blueish paper. In total 19 pp. of text. Each letter addressed and with postal and quarantine stamps on the 4th page, four letters numbered from 50 to 53 in the upper left corners of the first leaves. Fold marks, paper mildly age toned, four letters with minor holes on the margins of the second leaves after opening, affecting several letters or words, one letter with minor tears on fold, affecting several letters, but overall a very good collection.
Important collection of original letters written by British politician Charles James Monk during his travel to Asia Minor and Egypt in 1848-1849 shortly after his graduation from Cambridge. The letters describe Monk’s travels along the Nile and give a valuable private commentary to his printed account “The Golden Horn and Sketches is Asia Minor, Egypt, Syria, and the Hauraan” (London, 1851, 2 vols.). Monk arrived in Alexandria in the beginning of October 1848 and proceeded to Cairo from where he sailed up the Nile turning back at the second cataract near Wadi Halfa in the end of November. Two letters were written during the trip in Upper Egypt – in Thebes and Kenneh. Monk talks about sites visited, his Dragoman and the crew of his boat, travel companion and other European and American travel groups in Egypt, excessive heat and flies, his numerous hunting trips when he shot among others several plovers, pigeons, a “splendid solan goose,” and a crocodile; cheap prices for local eggs and bread; mentions the death of the Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt (1789-1848); the election of Louis Napoleon the President of the French Republic and shares his plans for the further travel to Sinai, Palestine and Syria. The last letter written at the end of the travel contains a critique on Alphonse de Lamartine’s book “Voyage en Orient” (1835).
Later in life Monk became a director of the Suez Canal Company (1884).
Some excerpts from the letters:
1) The Thebaid, Upper Egypt, Kenneh 9 November 1848.
“The waters are now rapidly subsiding, but the breadth of this extraordinary river & the body of water which is spread upon the lands for miles on either side is quite wonderful, when we consider that it is unassisted by any tributary streams. The flies are so annoying that I scarcely have patience to endure them <…> We have fortunately left mosquitoes behind us a little above Cairo <…> our Reis & crew continue to give us satisfaction, but they always have that […?] word “Baksheesh” <…> in their mouths. I have been perfectly well ever since I have been in the Nile, as also has my companion Mr. May. This is the most delightful mode of travelling you can imagine. I am afraid I begin to take a selfish pleasure in it <…> Note that the Nile is falling, the peasants are busy at work with the shadoof raising water for the irrigation of their lands…”
2) Thebes. Upper Egypt. 17 December 1848 & Kenneh 21 December 1848.
“After leaving Kenneh we reached Thebes in two days, spent Sunday on the Western bank, where are the temples of El Koorhen, the Memnonium containing the fallen granite statue of Remeses the Great (1350 B.C.), the largest statue in the world, & that of Medeenet Aboo, & the two Colossal statues in the Plain, one of which is called the vocal Memnon from the circumstance of a sound having come from its mouth every morning at sunrise. From Thebes to Esouan, the first cataract we were about a week. The falls here are not more than 6 or 7 feet & we passed with the united efforts of about 200 men, who hauled the boat up with an enormous rope; & the same afternoon we came to the small island of Philae, on which are two temples of singular interest. <…> Our furthest point was Wadi Halfeh, the second grand cataract beyond which no boat can pass, lying between 21° & 22° N. Latitude. <…> The Governor at Wady Halfeh was a kind & agreeable Turk & came on board & dined with us & paid us several visits. He would have assisted us in going up to Dongola, but of course that was not on the question, & in fact I did not feel any desire so to do in camels by the river’s bank. <…> The death of Ibrahim Pasha, which you […?] from my last letter was daily expected, has fortunately not caused the slightest disturbance in Upper Egypt <…> Our Dragoman we were obliged to put on shore at Edfoo above Thebes, for he proved to be a perfect scoundrel.”
3) Hotel d’Orient, Cairo. 5 January 1849.
“We have enjoyed our Nile tour excessively & since leaving Kenneh we have seen some monuments of extreme interest including the grottoes of Beni Hassan, which illustrate the manners & avocations of ancient Egyptians even better than the royal tombs of Thebes. The Pyramids we have visited & examined throughout their details with great care, & we have certainly returned from our tour impressed with a high idea of the wonderful excellence which the Egyptians had attained in the arts & sciences in the early ages of the world. <…> At Beni Hassan I shot another crocodile. It is the most Northerly point at which they are ever found, & not very often there. Mt. May likewise killed a very small one in Nubia measuring 4 ft 3 inch.”
4) Oriental Hotel, Cairo. 18 January 1849.
“I little expected to see in Africa the prettiest gardens that I have ever met with; yet such if the case. The gardens of Mohammad Ali at Shubra are perfectly beautiful. They are filled with orange trees. <…> Ibrahim Pasha’s gardens in the Island of Rhoda are very pretty, but they were unfortunately 4 feet underwater last August owing to the excessive rise of the Nile. The Cairine bazaars, Mosques, Baths, & all other public buildings are so far inferior & even mean in comparison with those at Stamboul, that it would not be worth while giving any detailed account of them…”
V. On board the French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 100 leagues off Malta. 24 April 1849.
“I now feel my painful duty - don’t be alarmed – to denounce M. De la Martin as a gross impostor & unworthy of credit. His book is [full?] of misrepresentations from beginning to end & was the cause of much disappointment to me especially in respect to Beirut. Like many towns on the coast Beirut is very pretty from the Sea, but its environs can lay no claim to the extraordinary beauty with which La Martin has clothed them. The Lebanon both alone & below Beirut has much lovely scenery & I spent two or three most delightful days among the mountains, for we made up a very pleasant party (5 of us) & visited <…> Deir el Kammor [Deir al-Qamar], the Capital of the Druzes, where the banished Emir Beschir [Bashir Shihab II] used to live.”

 


48. [EGYPT, PALESTINE, LEBANON, SYRIA & TURKEY]
[Album of 110 Original Gelatin Silver Unique Private Photographs Which Document a Voyage Around the Mediterranean in 1898 Titled:] Orientreise 1898.

1898. Folio (37x28 cm). 24 leaves. With 110 gelatin silver photographs numbered mounted (recto & verso) in twenty-four leaves. Photos mostly ca. 10x15 cm (4x6 in) with twenty-four smaller images. [With] two manuscript lists describing the photos. Original red gilt lined half morocco album with red cloth boards with stamped gilt title on front cover. Mounts a little waved, extremities very mildly rubbed, but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
The photographer made this voyage in February and March 1898 starting in Genoa and continuing to Monaco, Tunis, Alexandria, Cairo (and environs), Jerusalem, Dead Sea, Beirut, Damascus and then the return voyage via Constantinople, Athens, Crete, Palermo, Naples and finally the Genoa suburb of La Mortola. These interesting and unique photographs show coastal and port scenes, city and street views, main historical sights, images of the travellers and onboard life. The majority of the photos show Egypt, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey.

 


49. [JORDAN - PETRA]
BARTLETT, William Henry (1809 -1854)
[Original Unsigned Watercolour With Faint Title in Pencil:] Petra.

30th October 1845. Watercolour ca. 23x36,5 cm (9 x 14 ½ in). Very faintly titled "Petra" in manuscript pencil on right bottom edge and with (later?) manuscript pencil notation "by W. H. Bartlett" on verso. Verso with a few signs of removal from old mount, outer upper left edge with a mild crease, a couple of small very mild water stains, but overall a very attractive watercolour.
This watercolour is from Bartlett's 1845 journey from Cairo to Mount Sinai and Petra. The watercolour is a slight variation of the engraving titled "Approach to Petra from Mount Hor," which was used as the title-vignette for Bartlett's book, "Forty Days in the Desert on the Track of the Israelites," London 1849, which describes his journey. The scene that Bartlett sketched is described in the book as: "I was hurrying along the rocky road towards Petra. From a solitary group of tombs, the outskirts of its vast necropolis, I obtained my first view of the rock bound city --- a broken down camel, one of a passing caravan, protesting against an insupportable load, which at the expense of his last remaining strength he had dragged up the long ascent, was a characteristic object in the foreground. (See title-page.) This narrow pass was probably guarded in the palmy days of Petra, and blocked up when an attack was expected. Hence begins a long descent by the side of a ravine, leading to the vacant site of the old city, of which one solitary column appears like the ghost of its past splendour, girdled round by rocks of the most rugged and fantastic outline, and pierced with innumerable excavations, their colouring, as it were, run mad with a blending of all hues. No idea can be given of the first impression of such a place, --- its strangeness and remoteness, the utter desolation, the silence, broken only by the groans of the distressed, overburdened camels, and the fierce yells of their savage conductors." (p.124). "Bartlett travelled widely in the Middle East, Europe and America, making hundreds of sketches for engravings in more than 40 books, 13 of which he wrote and illustrated himself. His popularity owed much to his architectural training which, when combined with his penchant for the picturesque and the sublime, guaranteed that the reader saw scenes he could recognize as charming, impressive and representational" (thecanadianencyclopedia.ca).

 


50. [NEW CALEDONIA & AUSTRALIA]
HUGHAN, Allan (1834-1883) & PAINE, John, (1833-1908)
[Album Compiled by a French Traveller of Sixty-three Original Albumen Photographs of New Caledonia (45) and Sydney, Australia (17)].

Ca. 1872-9. Album Folio (40x29 cm) Ca. 100 beige album leaves. New Caledonia: forty-two albumen photographs by Allan Hughan with his ink stamp on verso or name in negative from ca. 25,5x19,5 cm (10 x 7 ½ in) to 15,5x10 cm (6x4 in). Six of these photographs make up two part panoramas. Additionally, one photograph two part panorama likely of a factory at Bouloupari ca. 20x50,5 cm with a small lithographed map of the region included, both loosely inserted. And two carte-de-visite sized (ca. 6,5x10,5 cm) photographs by Hughan and W et A. Dufty of the T.W. Stilling Outfitters in Noumea.
Sydney: sixteen albumen photographs by John Paine with his ink stamp on verso, each ca. 10,5x18 cm (7 ½ x 4 in). Additionally, one cabinet card sized photograph of a Sydney International Exhibition 1879 Certificate of Award for Charles Malan, Cajaput Oil.
Photographs inserted or mounted mostly recto on 31 albums leaves, the other leaves empty. A few photographs loosely inserted. Most of the photographs with French manuscript ink captions on mounts and period manuscript pencil captions on verso. Handsome period black elaborately gilt tooled quarter morocco with black cloth boards, front cover elaborately gilt stamped and titled "Album." Some albums leaves with minor tears, a couple of photographs with minor creases but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
An historically interesting early collection of photographs of the South Pacific which includes images of: New Caledonia: Banyan tree Vao Mission (Ile des Pins); 3 two-part photo panoramas of Noumea; view of Noumea; Col de Sougouhe; Kanak village at St. Louis; Banana plantation at St. Louis; River between Foa and Pierras; River between Foa and Dagny; Hut of Gillinck & natives of Canala; Icho, near Noumea; Kanak hut at Foa; Maison Wreght at Lifou; Chief's hut at Oubatche; Chief's hut at Guaro (chief of the revolt); Chief Gelima's hut at Canala; Cin waterfall at Canala; Forest of the central range; Village scene (Ile des Pins)(2x same); Banyan tree (Ile des Pins); two large images New Caledonian family; Kanak women; Son of Chief's hut at Canala; Butcher (Ile des Pins); Landing Pier (Ile des Pins); Police hut (Ile des Pins); Road to the Bay du Hute (Ile des Pins); Chief's Canoes (Ile des Pins); Banyan tree (Ile des Pins); Garrison (Ile des Pins); Refectory of officers (Ile des Pins); Communal hut (Ile des Pins); Queen Hortense's palace; Indigenous people, Vao Mission; Catholic church; Hortense and Samuel, Queen and King of Ile des Pins; Two part panorama of factory at Bouloupari?; T.W. Stilling Outfitters in Noumea (2x).
Sydney: Harbour bay; NSW Farm (Martin Sale); Gibraltar Hill, Bungendore NSW; Harbour from park; Church; General Post Office; Cathedral; Government House; St. Andrew's Cathedral; Exposition Hall; Rochwood cemetery; Botanical garden (2x); Sheep shearing; photograph of Sydney International Exhibition 1879 Certificate of Award for Charles Malan, Cajaput Oil.
Allan Hughan was the first professional photographer to establish a studio in New Caledonia. Initially "He was Captain of the 'Pilot' in 1870. He traded in various commodities, mainly mother of pearl. He was shipwrecked at Yandee, New Caledonia, in March 1870 (a letter describing the events can be found in the 'Sydney Morning Herald', November 3rd 1870). Hughan abandoned his maritime career after the shipwreck and set up business as a photographer in Noumea in 1871. He had ..., [previously] photographed in Fiji. His studio was in Rue Sebastopol and he advertised 'vues de Noumee et des environs' in 'Moniteur', June 7th 1871. He was appointed Government Photographer after accompanying an expedition to inspect prison installations for communards in November 1872. In 1872 he went to the Ile des Pins with the Governor and in early 1874 went on a photographic expedition to the interior of New Caledonia. He photographed Queen Hortense and her entourage and the mission station at Vao in August and September 1876" (RCS Photographers index).
"John Paine was born in 1833 in England, and he worked as a photographer in northern New South Wales ca. 1869-74. In 1875 he started a photographic studio in Elizabeth Street, Waterloo, Sydney" (Historypin.org).

 


51. [NEW ZEALAND - AUCKLAND]
MARTIN, Josiah (1843-1916)
[Album of Forty Original Albumen Photographs of New Zealand with an Emphasis on Auckland].

Ca. 1880. Oblong Quarto (ca. 23x30 cm). 20 beige album leaves. With 40 mounted (recto and verso) albumen photos each ca. 15x20,5 cm (6x8 in). Each photo captioned in negative and with photographer blind stamp. Additionally captioned in manuscript pencil on mount. Period black gilt tooled half morocco with green pebbled cloth boards. Rebacked in style. Overall a very good album of strong interesting images.
The interesting images in this album by this pioneering New Zealand photographer show: Auckland Harbour (2x); Auckland Suburbs from the North Shore; Auckland from the North Shore; Albert Park Auckland (2x); Mount Eden Auckland; Auckland Free Library & Art Gallery; Parihaka; Wellington; The Bluff, Napier; Wanganui; Auckland; Napier; Sophia's Whare, Wairoa; McRae's Hall, Wairoa; Otuwhakakaireau, Wanganui River; Mount Terawera, after eruption; White Terrace Cups; White Terrace; Nikau Tree Ferns; Gt. Wairua Falls; Auckland Hospital from Cemetery Bridge; Lake Takapuna; Maoris Cooking Rotorua; Ohinemutu; Parekohoro Whakarewarewa; Whakarewarewa; Giant Kauri, North Wairoa; Kauri Forest Gum Diggers; Waitakerei Upper Falls, 330ft; Waitakerei Lower Fall; Great Nihotapu Fall; NZ Tree Ferns; Devil's Bridge, Waiotapu; Sulfur Terrace Waiotapu; Pohutu Whakarewarewa; Great Wairakei; Tarata Black Boiling Pools, Tikitere; The inferno, Tikitere.
Martin emigrated to New Zealand in the late 1860s where he at first founded a private academy and was the headmaster. His failing health forced him to resign and he then turned to photography. "In 1879, he traveled to London and was introduced to rapid 'instantaneous' photography at the Royal College of Chemistry. Once he returned to New Zealand, he opened a studio in Auckland. Martin became well known for his topographical and ethnological photographs. He often presented these at the Auckland Photographic Club.
In 1886, Martin was able to capture the eruption of Mt Tarawera on camera. These photographs were published in the Auckland Evening Star. Martin has also been published in the Auckland Weekly News, New Zealand Illustrated and exhibited photographs at the Pitt Rivers Museum at the University of Oxford. In 1886, he was part of the Colonial and Indian Exhibition and was awarded a gold medal in 1889 for his work in the Exposition Coloniale in Paris" (Wikipedia).

 


52. [RUSSIA - CRIMEAN WAR]
[DURAND-BRAGER, Jean-Baptiste Henri] (1814-1879)
[Album with Forty-One Original Watercolors, Fifteen Original Pencil and Pen Drawings, Six Original Photographs, and Four Lithographed Plates, with a Gilt Lettered Title of the Front Board:] Souvenirs de la Campagne de Crimée 1854-55-56.

Ca. 1854-1856. Oblong Elephant Folio (ca. 39,5x54 cm). Thirty-four beige and light brown album leaves (four blank). With forty-seven original drawings, all but six fully or partly hand coloured, the size is from ca. 7,5x7 cm (3 x 2 ¾ in) to ca. 19x30 cm (7 ½ x 11 ¾ in); fifteen mounted pen and pencil drawings from ca. 13,5x22 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) to ca. 15,5x47,5 cm (6 x 18 ¾ in), six mounted salt prints ca. 14x24 cm (5 ½ x 9 ½ in), and four tinted lithographed plates by Imp. Lemercier, image size ca. 21x33 cm (8 ¼ x 12 ¾ in). One pencil drawing is titled in pencil in French in the right lower corner, four dated in pencil in the lower corners: “23 avril,” “7 mai,” “1 mai,” “23 mai.” Period green quarter calf album with cloth boards and gilt lettered title on the front board. Covers with signs of old water stains, several leaves with mild staining, photos mildly faded, but overall a very good album with very interesting content.
Attractive historically significant album of original watercolour and pencil drawings, photographs and lithographs documenting the Crimean War and attributed to the “special artist of Bonapartism” Henri Durand-Brager, French painter and pioneer military photographer. The drawings and watercolours of the surroundings of Sevastopol were taken during his service at the theatre of the Crimean War as the official correspondent of “L’Illustration” newspaper. The album was most likely complied by Durand-Brager for presentation.
Skillful pencil drawings show the Crimean coast and interior – destroyed villages, Russian churches, French military camps, the Allied fleet in a Crimean bay, Sevastopol forts and neighbourhoods (destroyed streets), and others. A series of colourful watercolours are dedicated to the life of French and British military camps and shows their “streets,” scenes with soldiers at rest, next to their tents, near fire; there are views of the interiors of the tents; several watercolours and drawings portray French and British soldiers of different regiments; nine fine watercolours depict Russian soldiers of different regiments and Crimean Tatars. Six photographs taken together with his assistant Lassimonne (active 1850-1859) appear to be taken from Durand-Brager's paintings and show general views of the Crimean shore taken from the sea, or of the peninsula’s interior with destroyed villages, and groups of soldiers. The lithographs made after Durand-Brager's paintings from the series “Siege de Sebastopol” (Paris, Imp. Lemercier, lithographed by E. Eugens Ciceri) include: Batteries des Fusées (Pres de la Baie de Streletska). Attaques de gauche Mai 1855; Petit Mamelon vert ou du cimetière. Au fond du port du Sud (entre les attaques de gauche et celles Anglaises, Avril 1855); Fort Genois. Attaques le gauche, Mai 1855; Fort du Sud (dit de l’Arsenal). Attaques de gauche, Juillet 1855.
“In relevant encyclopaedias of artists, Henri Durand-Brager is predominantly listed as a marine painter, and he was trained as one, yet he was of lasting artistic importance not only in the field of painting but also in the field of reportage drawing. While the works of older artists such as Constantin Guys and Denis Raffet had marked out the basic coordinates of the trade of graphic correspondents, which had begun to slowly emerge with the start of the illustrated press, it was Durand-Brager, who with his entire habitus and flaunted adventurism shaped the role model of the professional pictorial reporter in all its diversity. <…>
With his style and characteristic handlebar moustache, Durand-Brager acted like the doublet of the new emperor, who now called himself Napoleon III. Durand-Brager accompanied his twenty-one-year reign as a pictorial court reporter, drawing him at his jubilation events and extensive tours through the French province and the Algerian colony and documenting his prestigious wars as a special artist and pioneer of war photography in the Crimea and Sardinia” (Roob, A. Henri Durand-Brager, Special artist of Bonapartism/ Melton Prior Institute for reportage drawing & printing culture, http://www.meltonpriorinstitut.org/pages/textarchive.php5?view=text&ID=123&language=English).
“Jean-Baptiste Henri Durand-Brager, a French marine painter, was born at Dol in 1814. He studied under Gudin and Eugène Isabey, and in 1840 accompanied the fleet which brought Napoleon's remains from St. Helena, which island afforded him subjects for various pictures. He spent much of his time in travelling; he went to Buenos Ayres with the squadron, and explored Uruguay and Brazil; he accompanied the expeditions to Tangiers and Mogador, and to Madagascar, and he was in the Crimea during the war with Russia. He painted views of the places he visited, and also naval combats and sea-pieces. He died in 1879. There are several of his works in the galleries of Versailles” (Wikipedia).
Durand-Brager was made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 1844 and became an officer in 1865. His works are in many British and French museum collections today, notably Versailles, which has several paintings from a series he made on the Siege of Sebastopol.

 


53. [RUSSIA - NORTH CAUCASUS]
RAYEV, Grigory Ivanovich (1863-1957)
[Collection of Eighteen Original Albumen Photographs of Kislovodsk, Pyatigorsk, Zheleznovodsk, and the Georgian Military Road from the Series “Views of the Caucasus”].

Ca. 1900. Eighteen albumen prints mounted on the official photographer’s card leaves with printed name and credentials on the lower margins, images ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5 x 6 ¾ in), mounts ca. 21x27 cm (8 ¼ x 10 ½ in). All but two images captioned and numbered in negative. Several photos with period pencil numbers on the mounts (made by an owner), one – with a period manuscript ink title on verso (“Narzan Gallery, Kislovodsk”). Mounts with some minor bumping of corners, several images mildly faded, but overall a very good collection.
Attractive collection of eighteen original photographs of the Georgian Military Road, and mountains, streams, mineral sources, baths and resort establishments of Kislovodsk, Pyatigorsk, and Zheleznovodsk in the North Caucasus. Grigory Rayev was a famous Russian photographer from the Caucasus. A native of Pyatigorsk, he worked as a photographer since the age of fifteen, and in 1889 purchased the studio of his teacher A.K. Engel; all images in his studio were taken personally by him. Rayev was awarded with over twenty gold and silver medals of Russian and foreign photographic exhibitions, including those in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Tiflis, Paris, Brussels, Cairo, and others; in 1896 he was awarded with the Legion of Honour in Louvre. Rayev was a member of the Russian Photographic and Russian Geographical Societies, and became the first photographer to document the establishment of railways in the Caucasus. Among his works are series of photos “Views of the Caucasus”, “90 views of Caucasian Mineral Waters, Georgian Military and Sukhumi Military Roads”, “50 views of the Osetian Military Road”, “25 views of Kislovodsk”, “Panoramas of the Caucasian Range”, over two hundred postcards with the views of the Caucasus based on his negatives, and others.
The views of Kislovodsk show: the interior of the gallery above the source of Narzan mineral water (reconstructed in 1893-1908); façade of the Narzan Gallery; “Steklyannaya Struya” (“Glass Stream”) pavilion in the Kislovodsk park; waterfalls on the Olkhovka River and in the Orekhovaya Gulch near Kislovodsk. Images of Pyatigorsk include those of the city square with the monument to Mikhail Lermontov; entrance to the Proval cave and the restaurant nearby; general view of the Mashuk mountain from the Goryachya (“Hot”) Mountain; Elizavetinskaya Gallery (above the source of mineral water), Lermontov grotto and the Aeolian harp pavilion. Photos of Zheleznovodsk include general view of the city, images of the mineral source of Grand Duke Mikhail; Gryaznushka (now Smirnovsky) source, baths of the mineral sources # 1 and 2, Novo-Ostrovskiye baths. Georgian Military Road in shown on the photos of the Terek Gorge, Gudauri mountain station (7327 ft above sea level), legendary mountain of Tsarine Tamara in the Dariali Gorge, and Mtskheta town and bridge. Overall a very good collection of iconic views of Northern Caucasus.

 


54. [RUSSIA - ST. PETERSBURG - LAW SCHOOL]
[Album with 27 Original Photographs of the Exteriors and Interiors of the Imperial School of Jurisprudence, Titled:] Imperatorskoye Uchilishche Pravovedeniya, 1897-1898.

St. Petersburg, ca. 1898. Oblong Quarto (ca. 25,5x34 cm). Twenty-seven albumen prints mounted on recto of card stock leaves, including twelve large images ca. 16,5x 22,5 cm (6 ½ x 8 ¾ in), the rest are ca. 11,5x17 cm or (4 ½ x 6 ¾ in). No captions. Original full sheep maroon album with gilt lettered title of the front board, moiré endpapers, all edges gilt (faded). Paper label of the bindery of A. Abe (Nevsky Prospect, Saint Petersburg) on verso of the front free endpaper. Binding loose on hinges, mounts age toned and slightly soiled, several images mildly faded, one with a minor scratch, but overall a very good album.
Rare keepsake album with large photos of the Russian Imperial School of Jurisprudence – one of the most prestigious colleges in pre-revolutionary Russia specializing in law and state administration. The photos include a general view of the school taken from the Fontanka River embankment, images of the front entrance and the inner yard, and numerous views of the interiors: the main hall with the school’s device “Respice Finem” above the monument to Alexander II, the college church, classrooms, halls, corridors, musical room, gym, dining room, kitchen, reading room, several views of the dormitories, shower room, and boiler room. Students, teachers, and servants present on most photos (posing for the camera or reading, playing piano, et al.).
“The Imperial School of Jurisprudence (Russian: Императорское училище правоведения) was, along with the Page Corps, the most prestigious school for boys in Saint Petersburg, the capital of the Russian Empire. The school for would-be imperial administrators was founded by Duke Peter of Oldenburg in 1835. The classes were accommodated in six buildings along the Fontanka Quay. The premises were extensively renovated in 1893–95 and 1909–10, when the main building acquired its distinctive cupola. After the October Revolution of 1917, the school was disbanded, but its memory survives in the nursery rhyme about Chizhik-Pyzhik. Among the instructors were the leading lawyers of Imperial Russia, such as Anatoly Koni and Włodzimierz Spasowicz. Boys studied in the school for six or seven years. The graduates of the School of Jurisprudence include Ivan Aksakov, Aleksey Apukhtin, Konstantin Pobedonostsev, Vladimir Stasov, Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and his younger brother Modest Ilyich Tchaikovsky” (Wikipedia).

 


55. [SCANDINAVIA]
MAGNUS, Olaus (1490-1557), Archbishop of Uppsala
Historiae de Gentibus Septentrionalibus, Auctore Olao Magno, Gotho, Archiepiscopo Upsalensi, Suetiæ & Gothiæ Primate, a Cornelio Scribonio Graphæo.., [History of the Northern Peoples..,].

Antwerp: Jean Bellère, 1562. Second Abridged Latin Edition. Duodecimo (16,5x10,5 cm). [8], 192 leaves pp. With 138 woodcuts in text. Late 19th century black gilt titled pebbled half cloth, with marbled boards. A few small erasable red pencil markings in margins, upper part of last quarter of text mildly water stained, but overall still a very good copy.
Olaus Magnus "is best remembered as the author of the famous Historia de Gentibus Septentrionalibus (History of the Northern Peoples), [first] printed in Rome 1555, a patriotic work of folklore and history which long remained for the rest of Europe the authority on Swedish matters. This text on dark winters, violent currents and beasts of the sea amazed the rest of Europe. It was translated into Italian (1565), German (1567), English (1658) and Dutch (1665), and not until 1909 into Swedish. Abridgments of the work appeared also at Antwerp (1558 and 1562), Paris (1561), Amsterdam (1586), Frankfort (1618) and Leiden (1652). It is still today a valuable repertory of much curious information in regard to Scandinavian customs and folklore. A translation of the Latin title page goes: "Olaus Magnus Gothus', the Upsala Archbishops', history of the Nordic people's different manners and camps, also about the wonderful differences in customs, holy practices, superstitions, bodily exercises, government and food keeping; further on war, buildings and wonderful aids; further on metals and different kinds of animals, that live in these neighbourhoods (...)" (Wikipedia).
"This work long remained for the rest of Europe the chief authority on Swedish matters, and is still a valuable repository of much curious information in regard to Scandinavian customs and folk-lore" (Cox I p.177). "The most remarkable early illustrated work on Scandinavia, full of curious matters, embracing legends, customs, as well as detailed descriptions of birds, animals and fish interspersed with historical anecdotes and quaint stories. This is the second Latin edition issued by Bellère from Plantin's press with a series of 138 woodcuts especially cut for this format, illustrating whaling, arctic animals, sea-monsters, hunting and fishing scenes, reindeer-sleighs, and unusual battle scenes on ice featuring "brazen horses that spit fire "mounted on sledges" (Goldschmidt).

 


56. [SOUTH AMERICA - MOUNTAINEERING - ACONCAGUA]
[De La MOTTE, Edward]
[Typewritten Manuscript Account of the Fifth Ascent of Aconcagua, by British Climber Edward de la Motte and American Mountaineer James Ramsey Ullman, Being also the First American Ascent of Aconcagua, Titled:] Horcones Valley and Aconcagua. February/March 1928.

Ca. 1928. Quarto (ca. 28,5x22 cm). 25 numbered leaves of typewritten text. Occasional period ink corrections in text. Vertical centrefold, first and last leaves with mild creases and traces of old staples removed, otherwise a very good manuscript.
Original typescript of the diary of Edward de la Motte, one of the participants of the fifth ascent of Aconcagua, the highest peak in the Americas, with his manuscript corrections in text. De la Motte’s climbing partner was a famous American mountaineer and writer James Ramsey Ullman (1907-1971), thus the expedition became the first American ascent of Aconcagua. The expedition party included two other members, named in the manuscript “Bromley” and “Mrs.” (a female). De la Motte gives a detailed description of the whole expedition from arrival to Retiro (Buenos Aires) on 25 February to the final arrival to Buenos Aires (on the way back) on 12 March 1828. The manuscript describes the mountaineers’ arrival in Mendoza, preparation and supplying of the expedition, trip to the Uspallata town and Puente del Inca, the long hike up the Horcones Valley, and all proceedings in the high camps on the mountain, including an acclimatization hike to the Buena Vista ridge and the summit day. The entries note the altitudes gained, pulse levels, experienced symptoms of mountain sickness, weight of loads carried, menus and preparations of the meals, frostbites et al. There are also several mentions of previous British expeditions to Aconcagua – by E. Fitzgerald and S. Vines (1897) and by J. Cochrane and M.F. Ryan (1925).
Some entries: “February 27th. Mrs. Togs up a la “complete mountaineer” in heavy boots and breeches, but fearing the populace slips out by a back entrance and gets nearly eaten by a yard full of dogs.” (p. 3).
“March 3rd. Base, night min. 28° 18,000 max. Pulse before starting: Ram 68, me 100. This is being written in Ryan’s tent with a snow storm outside, luckily the tent in perfectly sound, and apart from a little fine driven snow, all is snug inside. There is enough food for a week and between us we have 7 blankets, and eiderdown and a Jaeger sleeping bag. <…> Ram and I are comfortable with our feet tied in rucksacks and are able to laugh at the weather” (pp. 9-10).
“March 4th. Up at 8.30, rising consisting of putting on boots and balaclava and extricating oneself from the sleeping bag – in itself a laborious process and only to be performed with much gasping. This gasping is an altitude effect which neither of us can get over – headaches are things of the past, our appetites are tremendous, but the least exertion such as tightening a rope, leaving or entering the tent, opening a tin of sausages and even eating makes us gasp for breath” (p. 12).
“March 5th. [Summit Day]. Up 5 a.m. <…> Ram wearing his Ventana boots could only get on two pairs of socks – same as myself, so that to avoid frostbite we both tried to keep out toes moving inside our boots as far as possible. <…> Both of us were fairly near the limits of our endurance but the top was in view and at 4.30 we stepped out on the summit, very glad at being finished with the hard work of climbing. Driving snow clouds prevented the view to the South and what was worse, Ram could not find Ryan’s thermometers – the only object visible being an empty beer bottle. The top is of triangular shape with the Northern apex at the highest point. Photos were taken from the West tower which should identify the summit alright, at any rate, so far as Ryan and other climbers are concerned.
Ram got busy with a self timer – which like the meta cooker failed to work, the resulting messing about with which gave Ram four frostbitten fingers (unnoticed until considerably later). An ice axe with E.M. And A.R. Carved on the shaft was left, also a card with our names on was left in a small Yerma tin with one plasmon biscuit (sustenance for the next party that reaches the top)” (pp. 14-15).
James Ramsey Ullman was a noted American writer and mountaineer, official historian of the American Mount Everest Expedition 1963, the author of “The White Tower” (1945), “Banner in the Sky” (1954), “The Age of Mountaineering” (1954), “Tiger of the Snows” (together with Tenzing Norgay, 1955), “Americans on Everest” (1964), and others. Most of Ullman’s papers are now deposited in the Princeton University Library.
“The Andean career of Edward de la Motte apparently began in 1928 with Aconcagua, highest of all Andean peaks, and ended probably in 1946 with Sajama, highest of Bolivian mountains. With the well-known American novelist James Ramsey Ullman (author of the White Tower), he accomplished on 5 March 1928 the fifth ascent of Aconcagua” (Echevarria, E. Early British Ascents in the Andes, 1831-1946 // The Alpine Journal. 1987. Vol. 92. P. 63).

 


57. [SOUTH AMERICA]
HONDIUS, Joducus (1563-1612) & MERCATOR, Gerardus (1512-1594)
[Map of South America Titled:] Americae Meridionalis.

Amsterdam, ca. 1620. Copper engraved original hand coloured map ca. 35,5x49 cm (14 x 19 ½ in). Original centrefold, Latin text on verso. Light age toning, otherwise a very good map with ample margins.
A very attractively hand coloured decorative map which includes vignettes of ships, sea monsters and indigenous people and an inset view of Cuzco the Inca capital. The Strait of Magellan is bordered in the South by Tierra Del Fuego, shown here as a part of a large southern continent and Eastern Brazil is shown as an island. Jodocus Hondius "was a Dutch engraver, and cartographer. He is best known for his early maps of the New World and Europe, for re-establishing the reputation of the work of Gerard Mercator, and for his portraits of Francis Drake. He helped establish Amsterdam as the center of cartography in Europe in the 17th century" (Wikipedia). Koeman I, 9800:1A; Tooley's Mapmakers E-J p.364-5.

 


58. [SPAIN]
[Collection of Fifty-Five Original Drawings of Cities and Villages in Spain and French Basque Country (Ainhoa), Including Madrid, Valencia, Murcia, Spanish Basque Country (Hondarribia/Fuenterrabia, San Sebastian), Navarre Region (Elizondo, Pamplona, Zugarramurdi, Elvetea), Catalonia Region (Barcelona, Sant Cugat del Vallès,Rubi, Monistrol, Montserrat Mountain range, Martorell, Sabadell, Girona, Banyoles, Llagostera, San Julian de Ramis, Tarragona, Reus), and Andalusia Region (Malaga, Ronda, Seville, Granada)]
.
Ca. 1928-1930. Fifty-five drawings of various size, from ca. 21,5x31 cm (8 ½ x 12 ¼ in) to ca. 22x16 cm (8 ½ x 6 ¼ in). Pencil, sometimes heightened in ink, on white, blueish, and brownish paper, the majority with tissue guards. All drawings are captioned and/or dated in pencil on the margins, fifteen also signed “V.F.R.” in pencil; over twenty drawings with additional short or detailed descriptions in English on verso. A couple of drawings with minor tears, creases or chips on extremities, but overall a very good collection.
Large collection of attractive drawings showing over twenty cities and towns in Spain, not long before the beginning of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). The drawings were executed by a British artist with the signature “V.F.R.” Very interesting are the views of the Spanish and French Basque Country, small towns in the Navarre region, streets of Barcelona, Montserrat Mountain Range, two drawings of the Ibero-American Exposition in Seville (9 May 1929 - 21 June 1930) – Guatemala pavilion, and full size replica of Columbus’s “Santa Maria” ship on the Guadalquivir River, and others.
The artist journey through Spain starts with sixteen beautiful general and street views of Ainhoa in the French Basque Country (Pyrénées-Atlantiques department), dated 13-31 May 1928, including that of the “Ohantzea Hotel (rear view)”. There are also two drawings of the Spanish Basque Country (dated June-July 1928), showing Hondarribia/Fuenterrabia (“tower of the Church as seen from the stone-flagged terrace of the old royal palace of Carlos V”), and San Sebastian (church in the Zubieta village nearby, now city neighbourhood). Eight views show the Navarre province of Spain (dated May-June 1928) - Elizondo, Pamplona, Zugarramurdi, and Elvetea towns.
In February-May 1929 the artist visited Catalonia, the collection includes twenty-four views of the region, including those of Barcelona (Calle de Consulado, Calle de Jesus Y Maria, San Pablo del Campo church, steamer Rey D. Jaime I at the embankment, “felucca Jn. Amalia unloading locust beans (alcarob)” steamers in the city port); Sant Cugat del Vallès (town church),Rubi (Plaza de José Palet), Monistrol (a view of the Montserrat mountain range from Calle Don Julian), Montserrat mountain range (“Cap of Liberty peak” taken from San Juan, Roman bridge at Castellbell), Martorell (Hamilcar Arch), Sabadell (street view), Girona (four city views, church of Sant Feliu), Banyoles (Santa Maria church), Llagostera (general view), San Julian de Ramis (font in church), Tarragona (view from the “Balcony of the Mediterranean”), and Reus (San Pedro church from Calle de la Abadia).
The next year started with a journey to Madrid in January 1930 (with a drawing of Plaza and Church of el Carmen with Mercado de Abastos in front). In February-March 1930 the artist travelled across Andalusia (12 views), depicting Malaga (Calle Cabello, Palo beach with typical fishing feluccas, El Chorro village, entrance to Gaitanes Gorge near El Chorro), Ronda, Seville (Triana village, now city neighbourhood; San Telmo Bridge “new opening bridge being built over r. Guadalquivir”; “wheel well near Macarena” – 2 views; replica of Columbus’s ship “Santa Maria” taken “from the bridge by the Expo’s grounds”, Guatemala pavilion of the Ibero-American Expo); and Granada (street view). There are also three drawings dated April 1930 - two views of Valencia (Las Torres de Quart, street views), and one of Murcia (Iglesia de Jesus). Overall a beautiful collection of drawings, with some unusual interesting views of Spain and France.

 


59. [UKRAINE - EASTERN FRONT, WW1]
[Album with Over 160 Real Photo Postcards and Over 40 Printed Postcards Collected by a German Private Willy Strobel during his Service on the Eastern Front of WW1, Including Views of the Oginski Canal in Western Belarus; Kovel, Gonczy Brod and Holoby in Western Ukraine, Warsaw Forts in Poland, and Kharkov in Eastern Ukraine after its Occupation by German Troops in April 1918].

Ca. 1916-1918. Folio (ca. 41x25 cm). 40 card stock leaves (several blank). Over 160 real photo postcards and over 40 printed postcards mounted on the album leaves; the majority with period manuscript notes or letters on verso, many dated and with “Feldpost” ink stamps on verso. Original green quarter cloth album with decorative papered boards. Album slightly rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, several images slightly faded or with minor silvering, but overall a very good album.
Historically interesting extensive collection of real photo and printed postcards illustrating life on the German side of the Eastern front of WW1 – in Poland, western Belarus, and western Ukraine in 1916-1918. The postcards were sent home by Willy Strobel, a resident of Plauen (Saxony) and a soldier of the Saxon Landwehr Infantry Regiment # 107. The real photo postcards were taken by Strobel or one of his comrades and appear to have been made in the regiment; the majority contain Strobel’s notes on rectos or versos describing time and place where the photos were taken, or more detailed notes to his family in Plauen.
The real photo postcards include numerous group portraits of German soldiers and officers taken in trenches, in front of dugouts (one with a sign “Plauner Hütte”, another one with a sign “Villa Blicke Dich”), next to a field kitchen, an unexploded bomb, or a machine gun, lining in front of a street sausage shop, standing inside a robbed Orthodox church, posing in a soccer uniform, while peeling potatoes, et al.; several images have their names marked. Among the interesting images is a series of views of the Oginsky Canal (modern Pinsk Region, western Belarus), dated 1916. The Canal was seriously damaged during the WW1 when all hydro technical constructions were destroyed; it was reconstructed in the interwar period when western Belarus was a part of Poland, destroyed again in 1942, and was never repaired afterwards. The real photo postcards show German soldiers posing on a bridge across the Oginsky Canal and crossing it in boats, a soldier reading “Zwickauer Neueste Nachrichten” (Saxon newspaper) on the Canal; Willy Strobel at “Oginski stellung” in March 1916, and others. A group of real photo postcards dated 1917 shows the town of Kovel in western Ukraine (modern Volyn oblast) and several nearby villages - Gonczy Brod (Го́нчий Брід), Holoby (Голо́би), and Stary Mosor. Very interesting are the images of the German military headquarters in Holoby (housed in a manor characterized by Strobel as the “Tsars’ hunting palace!”), scene of explosion of a Catholic church of St. Michael in Holoby in July 1917 (a later printed postcard from the album shows the church with the destroyed bell tower), a photo of a military orchestra rehearsing in Holoby, and others. Several views of Gonczy Brod show the village church, streets, and German military headquarters in February 1917. There are also interesting photo views of Warsaw forts, destroyed railway bridge, 15 cm Langrohr gun from the Lehmann battery, portraits of local peasants and others. Most notable is a group of real photo postcards showing Kharkiv in eastern Ukraine, occupied by German army in April 1918; the images dated June-July 1918 show city streets, market square, and railway station in Kuryazh near Kharkov where Strobel was apparently stationed.
Printed postcards issued by Dr. Trenkier & Co. (Leipzig), Paul Malbrieh (Bremen), Rassvet (Kyev), VW (Warsaw), Wendt Groll (Marienwerder), A. Lange (Leipzig-Connewitz), and others, show Warsaw, Kovel, Holoby, Kharkiv, Brest-Litovsk, Borovichi (Belarus), pontoon bridge near Pinsk (Belarus), front scenes, Ukrainian and Russian countryside, local black storks and others. Overall a very interesting content rich collection.

 


60. [VOYAGE TO JAPAN]
MARTHOUO?, Fr(edric?)
[Album of Fifty-one Original Albumen Photographs of a Voyage from Marseilles to Yokohama, with Stops in Egypt, Aden, Ceylon, Vietnam, China and Japan, Mounted in a Presentation Album Titled:] From Marseilles to Yokohama with Best Compliments Fr. Marthouo(?).

Yokohama, 1894. Oblong Large Octavo (ca. 15x23 cm). Twenty-six beige stiff card album leaves. Photographic title-page and fifty albumen photographs each ca. 11,5x15,5 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) including a two part panorama (Aden, 11,5x29,5 cm) and a three part panorama (Hong Kong, 11,5x48,5 cm) mounted recto and verso of album leaves and each captioned with a printed label. Original very decorative Japanese lacquered pictorial album with mother of pearl inlay and gold heightened lacquer painting of a landscape with bamboo, birds and insects. Rebacked in period style dark brown gilt tooled morocco, one inlay with minor chip, corners of album with minor repair but overall a very attractive album with good strong photos.
The photographs in this album document a voyage from Marseilles to Yokohama, with stops in Egypt, Aden, Ceylon, Vietnam, China and Japan and include: MMSS "Sydney" Sailing from Marseilles to Yokohama; Place de Consuls, Alexandria, Egypt; Pompey Column at Alexandria; Lighthouse, Port Said; Main Street, Port Said; Egyptian Fruit-Sellers; Kantara Station, Suez Canal; Ferry for Caravans Crossing Suez-Canal; MMSS in the Suez-Canal; Dredger on the Suez-Canal; Ismailia; Baths at Ismailia; Village near Cairo; Egyptian Village; Aswan, Nile, Egypt; Crocodile Hunters on the Nile; Cairo; Fountain of Moise at Suez; Suez; Aden; Water-Tanks at Aden; Mount Lavinia Hotel near Colombo (Ceylon); River near Colombo (Ceylon); Singhalese Village near Colombo (Ceylon); Street at Colombo (Ceylon); View of Singapore from Mt. Faber; Saigon; Temple in the Public Gardens of Saigon; Chinese Village near Saigon; Vessels in the Harbour at Saigon; Panorama of Hong Kong; Chinese Junk; English Club at Shanghai; English Church at Shanghai; Market at Shanghai; Gate of the Chinese Town at Shanghai; Chinese Tea-House; Chinese Court of Justice; Chinese Paper-Dragon used for New-Years Procession; Chinese Sedan Chairs; Jinrikisha; Cotton Workers; Silk Reeling Mill; Chinese Pagoda near Shanghai; Shimonoseki (Inland Sea) Japan; Kobe, Japan; Nunobiki Water-Fall, Kobe; Yokohama; Negishi Below Bavierville, Missippi-Bay (Japan); Japan's Beautiful Fujiyama.

 


61. [WORLD MAP]
FRIES, Lorenz (1489/1491-1550)
[Woodcut Map of the World Titled:] Tabula Nova Totius Orbis.

Vienna: G. Trechsel, 1541. Woodcut map ca. 30,5x45,5 cm (12x18 in). With original centre-fold and a couple of expertly repaired wormholes of blank margin, but overall a very good and strong impression of this map.
Second of the two modern world maps by Fries after Waldseemüller. This being the Servetus edition of 1541 with a new title at the top. "It is a reduced version of the corresponding map in Waldseemueeler's atlas of 1513.., Fries has added five throned effigies of kings, representing those of Russia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Taprobana, and Mursuli. There is in addition a drwaing of an elephant (or perhaps mammoth) placed just off the coast of Greenland. This map, like the one previously listed, is one of the earliest world maps available to a collector, and an unsophisticated but attractive rendering of what was generally known of the world at that time'' (Shirley 49).

 


62. [WORLD MAP]
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Map of the World Titled:] Typus Orbis Universalis.

Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the fourth Latin edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x34,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some expert restoration of blank margins, but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important map by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. "This is the second state of this famous early, woodblock map of the "modern" world. The oval projection is surrounded by clouds and wind heads with the title above the map. The continents are shown in rough outline only. North America is shown with a large waterway, often referred to as the "Sea of Verrazano," nearly separating the east coast from the continent. What appears to be a large Northwest Passage stretches towards Asia. South America has a very strange shape as well. In Africa, the Nile is prominently shown with its twin sources beginning in a range of southern mountains. The mythical islands of Grisonum and Calensuan are placed in the proximity of Australia, where there is also the label Mare Pacificum. A sailing ship and several fierce sea monsters occupy the oceans. Initials of the engraver David Kandel in lower left-hand corner and Latin title on verso" (Old World Auctions); Shirley 92.

 




 
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