January 2015 - New Acquisitions and Stock Highlights


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1. [ABYSSINIAN EXPEDITION 1868]
[Historically Important Manuscript Journal with Period Copies of Official Despatches, Lists of Vessels, Captives and Other Statistics Related to the British Expedition to Abyssinia in 1868].

Ca. 1868. Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm). In all 52 leaves of text, brown ink on watermarked laid paper, legible hand writing. Filled from both ends. The watermarks are “Dorling & Gregory, London” and a rampant lion with the date “1867”. Original album with marbled boards and cloth spine, worn and damaged. A number of leaves loosely inserted, some with tears and corner loss. Overall a very good internally clean manuscript.
The journal contains the following documents:
1) Lists of Arrivals & Departure of Transports in and from Annesley Bay. From 3rd January 1868 to 20th June 1868. Alphabetically arranged (41 pp.); 2) List of “The Abyssinian Captives” (1 p.); 3) [Napier, R.] Copy of the letter of congratulation from His Excellency to the soldiers & sailors of the army of Abyssinia” (3 pp.); 4) A copy of the first letter sent from Theodore to General Sir R. Napier Commander-in Chief of the Forces Abyssinia; [with] A Copy of the 2nd letter sent to Sir R. Napier Lt. Genl. (4 pp.); 5) Dr. Blanc, to whom the public have been repeatedly indebted for interesting accounts from Magdala says... (3 pp.); 6) Arrival of His Excellency Sir Robert Napier at Toulla (2 pp.); 7) Statistics relating to the Transport Service... Supplied by Capt. Tryon R.N., the able Director of Transport (6 pp.).
From the reverse of the volume: 1) A List of Vessels Chartered in Bombay for the Abyssinian Expedition (14 pp.); 2) Transports Chartered at Calcutta; [with] Transports Chartered in England (10 pp.); 3) [List of departures and arrivals of vessels at the Bombay port, 19 Sept. - 3 Oct. 1867], including “Fort Saluted Genl. Sir Robert Napier with 15 Guns... Genl. Sir R. Napier & Suite came on board,” (3 pp.); 4) Date of Departure [and] Arrival of H.M.S. Octavia during the Commission [1865-1869] (6 pp.).
The compiler of the journal remains anonymous, but apparently was an eye-witness involved in the events. The fact that the lists are started from both ends suggests that this journal was in use at the time, and not compiled later from printed records.
“The British Expedition to Abyssinia was a rescue mission and punitive expedition carried out in 1868 by the armed forces of the British Empire against the Ethiopian Empire. Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia, also known as "Theodore," imprisoned several missionaries and two representatives of the British government in an attempt to get the attention of the British government, which had been ignoring his requests for military assistance. The punitive expedition launched by the British in response required the transportation of a sizable military force hundreds of miles across mountainous terrain lacking any road system. Harold G. Marcus described the action as "one of the most expensive affairs of honour in history"” (Wikipedia).

 

2. [AMERICAN TEACHER IN CHINA]
[PECKHAM, W. C.]
[Two Original Manuscript Journals, Bound Together]: Journal of a Voyage to China; [with:] Journal in Shanghai, and Travels in China.

[Various places, including at sea and locations in China: Shanghai, Ningpo, Hancow, Wuchang et al.]. 1870-1871. Quarto. 281; 146 pp., plus 6 pp. of notes laid in. Approximately 100,000 words. Period brown gilt tooled half morocco with brown pebbled cloth boards. Recased but overall a very good journal.
The journal of W.C. Peckham from Kingston, Mass., who went to Shanghai as a teacher and companion of a young American man whose parents resided in China. The journal describes Peckham’s journey to China and during his tour there, documenting a total of five months. It is written in a mix of a sort of shorthand and full words. His abbreviated writing often gives only the first letter or two of the word, generally using a the letter "e" for the word "the," the letter "v" for the word "of," and so forth. It is, nevertheless, relatively readable. The author spent 118 days at sea, recording the various happenings aboard his vessel, the clipper ship Surprise. The Surprise was a California clipper built in 1850 that spent most of its working life plying trade between the West Coast and China. In 1867 she was converted from the faster clipper to a slower merchant ship, continuing in the China trade until she was wrecked and sunk off the coast of Japan in 1876.
In addition to the usual voyage fare - sightings of whales and other wildlife, reports on the weather, pining for home, interacting with the crew, etc. - Peckham includes some commentary on Chinese society, gleaned from his conversations with the steward and others aboard the ship. Interestingly, one of the aspects that he chooses to discuss in his journal is that of Chinese prostitution and mistresses. He writes (in translated transcription from the shorthand), on December 15th: "The steward has told me much of the prostitution of the Chinese women. It would seem that is scarce known among them. The foreign merchants & the clerks many of them keep [them?] mistresses, upon whom money is lavished as it is every where else in the world upon persons who stand in the same [relation to men?]. The Chinese women are bought of a price of their mothers, often a man of wealth pays a thousand dollars for his 'China wife' & keeps her in state. She spends her days away from him in the Chinese quarter with her friends & comes to his rooms after dark, or it might be, he goes to her when he pleases. Girls who have no mothers often sell themselves, get some old woman to claim be their parent & drive the bargain while in reality the money goes to the girl. ... Lying is by no means a shame to a Chinaman. They feel no disgrace if caught in a falsehood & they will tell a lie, or [have]? One proven "upon them?] with equal composure." He goes on to describe trading with the Chinese in light of their penchant for lying, saying, "It must require great patience on the part of the missionaries to deal with such a people. I shall watch these characteristics very closely that I may form an intelligent opinion about them."
He goes on to relate what he's been told of Chinese cities by the captain: "The Captain told us more fully what he has hinted at before of the filth of Chinese cities. All along in the narrow streets are set vessels, let into the street permanently, immovably, into which the men make water openly." He has written in parentheses, "(I don't know about the women also), and crossed through it and written "no" above it in answer. He continues: "These are bailed out every day & the contents taken into the country for fertilizer. ... The men collect this filth in jars which they carry on poles slung over their shoulders. ... The streets called 'Chow Chow' streets are very filthy. Here food is sold by the natives. The whole creature is made available, the intestines are washed, cooked, & eaten, even the contents are washed out & eaten. Rats, dogs & cats are not eaten save in case of danger of famine. ... In planting the Chinese use no solid manure. All the fertilizers are applied in liquid form. This gives great growth of vegetables, it also makes the vegetables taste of the manure, hence Europeans do not buy or use the vegetables the Chinese raise. They are famous gardeners. The whole land is a garden."
The second portion of the volume is devoted to the author's travels in China. He arrived in February 1871, during Chinese New Year and describes the festive atmosphere, noting that "We saw Chinese war junks of the old style, which had an enormous number of guns on a side. Now there was on every gun a strip of red for it is New Year." He describes his lodgings and the people who serve him there, his daily routines, meals etc., in considerable detail. He confirms that the streets are indeed filthy and the poor similar to those in America: "...through Chinese streets, round by the walls of the old city. We saw small footed women & fortune tellers. There were crowds of Chinese, cook shops sent out their (savory?) odors, filth was in the streets; but after all, I can't think it was much worse, those some what different, than the low Irish quarters of N.Y. City. Poor people are wretched everywhere."
Peckham also visits shrines in the countryside, describing the sights and experiences around as well as in Shanghai. He comments on schools, prostitution, and various customs. All in all, a fascinating read and a look at the Far East through the eyes of a 19th-century American.

 

3. [ARCTIC EXPLORATION]
[Collection of Four Related Autograph Letters Signed by John Franklin, Frederick William Beechey, John Richardson and John D. Hunter, Apparently Addressed to Nicholas Garry, Deputy Governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company).

Four ALS, all dated by days of the week but without a year, but 1824. Three Small Octavos (ca. 18x11,5 cm), and one small note ca. 9,5x11 cm. Each 1 page, brown ink on paper. One with a pencil written list of names on verso. All with old identical guards on verso, indicating that the letters were mounted together in an album. Very good letters.
An interesting collection of original letters by noted Arctic explorers, apparently all related to meetings to make preparations for the 1824-25 voyages to find the Northwest Passage. Three letters were written by the members of two corresponding expeditions to the region: John Franklin and John Richardson, who explored the shores of the Arctic Ocean west and east of the Coppermine River in 1825-1827, and Frederick William Beechey, who explored the Bering Strait from the west in 1825-1828, in an attempt to meet Franklin’s expedition. In his letter Franklin also mentions George Francis Lyon who was to sail on HMS Griper to the Repulse Bay in June 1824. The author of the fourth letter, John D. Hunter, also mentioned in Franklin’s letter as a participant of one of the meetings, was apparently an organiser or a member of one of those expeditions. Dated by days of the week, the letters refer to several meetings in March 1824. John Richardson’s letter was written at “55 Devonshire Street,” which was John Franklin’s London address.
Beechey’s and Hunter’s letters are addressed to “Mr. Garry,” most likely Nicholas Garry (ca. 1782-1856), deputy governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1822-1835. Fort Garry (now Winnipeg) was founded and named after him in 1822. Several places in the Northwest Passage were named after him during the expedition season of 1825-27. John Franklin gave his name to the Garry Island in the delta of the Mackenzie River “for all his active kindness and indefatigable attention to the comfort of myself and my companions” (Franklin, J. Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea, 1825, 1826, and 1827. London, 1828, p. 36). William Parry named Cape Garry in the Somerset Island, Prince Regent Inlet “after by worthy friend Nicholas Garry, Esq., one of the most active members of the Hudson’s Bay Company, and a gentleman most warmly interested in everything connected with northern discovery” (Parry, W. Journal of a Third Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific; Performed in the Years 1824-25 in His Majesty's Ships Hecla and Fury. London, 1826, p. 140).
In his letter to Mr. Garry, John D. Hunter also mentions “Mr. Halkett”, who was most likely, John Halkett (1768-1852), director of the HBC and a member of its London Committee.
The texts of the letters:
Franklin: “My dear Sir, I shall have great pleasure in joining your party on Thursday the 25th but you must let me off early as I am engaged to an Evening party. I was just going to write to you when your note came, to say Mrs. Franklin and I will be glad to have the pleasure of your company at dinner on Tuesday 30th March at six. I hope Mr. Hunter will be with us also. I will send your letter to Capt. Lyon and I shall probably take the opportunity of seeing Parry tomorrow. Ever sincerely & faithfully yours, John Franklin. Tuesday Eveng.”
Richardson: “Dear Sir, I shall with much pleasure dine with you on Wednesday next at 7. I am dear Sir yours sincerely, John Richardson. Saturday, 55 Devonshire Street.”
Beechey: “Captain Beechey presents his compliments to Mr. Garry and will have the pleasure of accepting his polite invitation for the 6th inst. Harley Street, March 21st.”
Hunter: “I sincerely thank you my dear Mr. Garry for the book you were kind enough to send me, but my engagements will I fear render it out of my power to read it through. I will dine with you on Tuesday if I return from Brighton in time. I shall start at 11 this morning, & contemplate to return on Monday evening, I am much pleased to hear that among other friends Mr. Halkett will be one. Believe me very sincerely yours &c. John D. Hunter. Saturday morning.”

 

4. [ATHABASCA FUR BRIGADE]
CHARLES, John, Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (d. 1849)
[Autograph Letter Signed to Alexander Christie, Chief Factor of the York Factory, Reporting of the Brigade’s Affairs Before Leaving Norway House to Fort Chipewyan for the Season].

Norway House, 1 August 1830. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 3 pp. Addressed, sealed and docketed on the last blank page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, otherwise a very good legible letter.
An interesting letter from John Charles, a leader of the Hudson’s Bay Company’s Athabasca Brigade and Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (1830-1834), written on the eve of the brigade’s departure to the interior for the winter trade. The letter is addressed to Alexander Christie (1792-1872), chief factor of the York Factory, subsequently considered one of the most influential factors of the Hudson’s Bay Company.
Charles reports on the departure of the Athabasca Brigade, as well as conditions and supplies at Norway House: “We have now nearly made an end of our Business here and expect to move off at the latest in a Day or so. Our four Boats for Athabasca were away Yesterday with an Ample Supply for the Season to meet all Demands. The Goods forwarded by Messrs. Meler & Hargrave for the Men’s Equipment were most ample <…> the Men appear quite Satisfied with these Advances, which are the best they ever got.”He hopes that when “the Athabasca Brigade will henceforth return from the Plain [?], if we could have a Building of some kind erected for transacting our Business it will be of great Advantage, for at present the want of Sufficient Room even to make a temporary Shop, creates much Inconvenience, and I may add not a little Confusion. I would also be obliged to you to give Orders to have the Boats built for us at this Place, for the New Boats brought from the other Places we generally get the Worst.” Charles reports that “in order to prevent too much of some Articles and too little of others being forwarded for Men’s Equipment next Spring, I have made out a Requisition, both for Advances and Outfit, which if it can be complied with will be fully Sufficient.” He also complains of hard conditions on the Winter Road, resulting in sickness and injury among the Indian accompanying the brigade. Overall a very interesting informative letter.

 

5. [AUSTRALIA]
DICKINSON, William
[Original Manuscript Containing a Journal of a British Emigrant's Voyage to and Experiences in Australia, Describing His Voyage from Liverpool to Melbourne, Stay and Work in the City and Countryside, a Travel from Melbourne to Sydney, and the Return Voyage from Sydney to England, with the General Title:] “Barque Gipsy Queen” Journal. A Passage from Liverpool to Port Philip, New South Wales in the Years 1848 & 9, by William Dickinson, Cabin Passenger, David Roy Commanded.

Ca. 1848-1851. Oblong Octavo (ca. 12x18,5 cm) 2 vols. Brown ink on paper. [98] leaves. 17 leaves at rear filled in with pencil transcript of the main text of the diary. Original full vellum journal with marbled paper endpapers. Ink inscription “W. Dickinson, 1851” on the front board. Binding slightly soiled, with ink stamps, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good journal. With another journal of the same type filled in the same hand with excerpts from English historical works; with four leaves of business accounting and a list of current prices in Sydney.
Very interesting early diary of a British emigrant to Australia who hoped to start a new life and business career in Melbourne. He traveled to Australia along the classical route via Cape of Good Hope and stayed in Australia for two years. When his plans didn't work out the diarist returned to England via Cape Horn, thus completing a circumnavigation.
The first part of the manuscript is a detailed diary of his voyage on the barque “Gipsy Queen” under command of David Roy from Liverpool to Melbourne which lasted from 7 December 1848 to 7 April 1849. Dickinson gives a thorough description of the weather, winds, geographical coordinates and the main occurrences on board (stop at Cape Verde Islands, crossing of the Equator, vessels met et al.), and shares his expectations for the new life: “I little thought 12 months ago such would be my fate, however my intentions for undertaking this voyage were not altogether selfish, although I expect to meet with brighter prospects for ultimate successful business in the land of my adoption, than in my native country which I leave with regret perhaps never to see again” (1 January 1849).
The barque landed in the Hobson's Bay (Port Philip, Victoria) on April 7 1849: “at 8 a.m. We landed in a boat at the Beach which is about 2 miles from Melbourne. The walk is along a flat sandy road, the country here is not very prepossessing and is liable to floods. There is a wooden erection near the Beach which is converted into a Hotel and is kept by a very eccentric character called Liandel [?]. This spot I am informed was originally a grant from the Crown and the proprietor has been in the Colony some considerable time… Had a stroll around the City of Melbourne <…> One feels very lonely and a gloom of despondencies apt to come across one’s mind being left alone in a Country where your future prospects are in the dark and not a face you know <…> This is the first time I have felt homesick and really my heart is almost ready to burst partly from disappointment in the reception and also from being left alone in a strange Country.”
The next twenty pages filled in almost a year later give a brief overview of Dickinson’s “pursuits” in Melbourne for the previous year, describing his attempts to find a job, travels through the “Bush” to Mount Alexander, Australian farming and agriculture et al. The notes were made in Geelong, in March 1850 where the author had come from Melbourne to restore his health. “I went down to a small but pleasing village situated on the Bay <…> The place is called St. Kilda and being convenient to town, the distance is only about 2,5 miles, many who are in a position and can afford make in a place of residence.”
The next part of the journal describes Dickinson’s journey from Melbourne to Sydney in January 1851, as well as his career in Melbourne since the last entry. See his note on the holiday regatta in Sydney: “This has been a general holiday and is strictly observed by all classes being the 63rd Anniversary of the founding of the Colony. A splendid Regatta comes off on this day which forms the principal amusement of the day and from the natural beauty and safety of the harbour it is highly delightful sight. The races commence at 10 a.m. And continue throughout the day, the competitors are from the smallest boats to largest coaster in the Harbour” (27 January 1851).
The last part of the manuscript documents his return to England on board the ship Agricola (February-May 1851), as “such was not my fate to settle in this colony at present.” The ship went to England around Cape Horn (crossed on 17 April); the diary ends in the South Atlantic Ocean at the latitude of Brazil (Lat. 30°46’S, Long. 31°7’W). The second journal which was kept by Dickison on board the Agricola on his way back to England contains extensive excerpts from English historical works, as well as four leaves of Dickinson’s business accounting and a list of current prices for wine and spirits in Sydney.

 

6. [BAEGERT, Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California..,]

Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo. [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a Germa
n Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives"(Hill 46); Barrett 129;"According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.

 

7. [BIRKEN, Sigmund von] (1626-1681)
[Original Italian Manuscript Translation of S. Von Birken’s famous book about the Danube River, Titled:] Il Corso del Danubio novamente accresciuto con tutti i svoi giri e fiumi che dentro v’entrano co’confini de Regni, delle Provincie, Signorie e Citta co’loro nomi Antichi e Moderni, dalla sua Origine fin alla Sboccatura nel’Mar. Nero [New and Enlarged: The Course of Danube with all its Tributaries, Kingdoms, Provinces, Lordships and Cities, in Ancient and Modern Names, from its Origins to the Confluence with the Black Sea].

Italy, end of the 17th - early 18th century. 12mo (ca. 15,5x10,5 cm). Brown ink on laid paper. 124 pp., [3] leaves of index. Occasional corrections in text made in the same hand. Exlibris of Guy Evans on the first pastedown, later pencil notes on verso of the first free endpaper stating that the book was in the library of Pope Clement XI. Period brown full sheep, gilt tooled spine with raised bands, decorative endpapers. The binding rubbed, with minor worm holes on the rear board and small chip of head of spine, but overall a very good manuscript.
Original manuscript of an Italian translation of Sigmund von Birken’s “Der Donau-Strand mit allen seinen Ein-und Zuflüssen” (first edition: Nuernberg, 1664), a description of major cities and historical sites on the Danube River, which was published in relation to the Austro-Turkish War (1661-64) and quickly turned into a bestseller of the 17th century. Very possibly, our manuscript was compiled shortly before or at the same time as the first Italian edition of Birken’s book published under the title “L' Origine Del Danubio, Con li nomi antichi, e moderni di tutti li Fiumi, et Acque, che in esso concorrono comeanco delli Regni, Prouincie, Signorie e Citta irrigate dal detto Fiume, sino doue sbocca nel Mare Eusino…” (Norimberga-Bologna, 1684).The text of our manuscript is obviously a different translation of the same source, with similar information, but different wording. Our copy contains the first part of the book – with a description of the sites of the Danube and Constantinople, and without “Breve Compendio della Cronica Ungara e Turchesca.” The annotation from a previous bookseller on the endpaper states that this copy comes from the library of Pope Clement XI (1649-1721).

 

8. [BOER WAR - COLENSO, SPION KOP & LADYSMITH]
["Diary Special", a Historically Important Manuscript Journal kept by a Servant of Sir Redvers Henry (1839-1908) VC, Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in South Africa During Nine Months of the Beginning of the Boer War from 8 Dec. 1899 - 11 Sept. 1900.]

South Africa, 1899-1900. Duodecimo. ca. 100 pages. Manuscript in pencil or permanent pencil in a legible handwriting. Original black oil cloth covers. Covers mildly worn and rear joint split, some leaves loose or torn out, but overall still a very good diary.
This diary covers the period of Buller's command when with 20,000 men, he "moved to Colenso and made a frontal assault on the strong Boer positions along the Tugela on 15 December 1899.., [Then] in January 1900, Buller was making a further attempt to reach Ladysmith by a wide sweep westward. However, this failed disastrously at Spion Kop on 24 January.., A third attempt to force a way through to Ladysmith by way of Vaal Krantz also failed in early February, but by mid-month Buller began to gain possession of the Hlangwane heights to the east of Colenso and finally relieved Ladysmith on 28 February 1900.., Subsequently Buller advanced on Middelburg, defeating a Boer force at Bergendal on 27 August, and then proceeded to Lydenburg" (Oxford DNB).
The first entry records Buller's sixtieth birthday:"8.12.99/ Waited on General Buller at dinner on the 4.12.99 (60 years old)...", the second their departure to the front: "22nd.11.99/ Left Cape Town secretly at 7 p.m. General Buller and Staff got aboard S.S. Mohawk, left for Durban in Natal, General and Staff servants and grooms only aboard, bad ship..,"; the diary subsequently covers Buller's first major engagement at Colenso on 15 December 1899: "Got up at 2.30 a.m. Struck camp, battle started at 5 am, the cannonading is terrific on both sides, 8 hours bombarding, one Battery Artillery cut up, 3 men only left out of the Battery. Infantry loose heavy, enemy estimated at 80,000 and well fortified, our men was shot down like rabbits, don't know the exact loss killed and wounded but must be great, also Boers; stopped fighting about 6 pm, cannot move the Boers out of their positions, Mr Trotter came in spotted with blood all over, C.pt Hughes R.A.M.C got killed of our staff, he was a nice gentleman, & was sorry when I heard it. All is quiet tonight. 3 battalion holding Colman bridge, expect another big fight tomorrow..."; and the Battle of Spion Kop on 24 January 1900: "the bombarding was terrific, I never saw such a battle in my life, it was awful...".
The diary also describes Buller's attempts to break through Botha's army to relieve Ladysmith: "Battle started again this morning, our troops getting badly mauled, took one position, and had to give it up again, as they was too heavily shelled by the Boer guns, our balloon went up and reported that the Boers had big guns all round the high hills, on the top of the hills, our troops on an open plain below, General Buller nearly got hit today again by a shell, it dropped close by the General; the Rifle Brigade loose heavy, a lot of my old pals I saw killed and wounded, Boers work their search light tonight..."; and culminates in the eventual relief of Ladysmith, in which the anonymous author had a part: "At 4.a.m scout woke me up, asking me where the General was, telling me that he wanted to report to the G. That the Boers had retired miles by Ladysmith. Towards Dundee, and the road was clear into Ladysmith, telling me he had been in Ladysmith himself also some cavalry under Lord Dundonald, I could not sleep any more, to [sic] over joyed, I took him to one of our staff officers whom he reported it to, we started marching early towards Ladysmith inspecting the Boers trenches and positions as we went along, an awful smell of their dead cattle all along the road... 1.3.1900/ started marched towards Ladysmith... Arrived in the town about 10.a.m, before getting right in the town men who had been besieged in Ladysmith rushes to us for food and tobacco, they look very bad, more skeletons than anything else." Also including are end-pages containing addresses, notes of supplies etc. (such as shaving brush, Vaseline, "Helmet strap shortened", comb, "diary book" etc.), plus abandoned drafts of some earlier entries.

 

9. [BRITISH COLUMBIA]
[Album with Twenty-five Original Photographs of British Columbia, Compiled by the British Columbia Conclave of the Masonic Order of the Red Cross of Constantine, Titled:] Memories of British Columbia.

Ca. 1927. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x37 cm), 12 card leaves. 25 gelatin silver prints, all but two ca. 18x23 cm (7 ¼ x 9 in), two ca. 17,5x10,5 cm (7 x 4 ¼ in). All with custom printed captions on the mounts. First large photo with a paper label attached to the top (official letterhead of the Government House in Victoria, signed and dated by R. Randolph Bruce). Original maroon full sheep album with gilt lettered title on the front cover, moire endpapers and decorative edges. Gilt lettered red sheep label with presentation inscription on the first pastedown, paper exlibris of Rita Yvonne Butterfield ibidem. Boards slightly rubbed on extremities, but overall a near fine album.
This luxury keepsake album was specially produced as a present to “The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Cassillis, C.C.C. M… Ill… Grand Sovereign, Illustrious Order of the Red Cross of Constantine by Western Canada Conclave, No. XXV. Victoria, British Columbia, October 6th, 1927.” The Earl of Cassillis, who was the Grand First Principal of the order’s Supreme Chapter in Scotland, apparently visited Victoria to take part in the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the formation of the first Masonic chapter in British Columbia, which took place in October 1927. The album opens with portraits of Harry H. Watson, Reigning Sovereign of the Western Canada Conclave, and Edward E. Leason, Intendant General for British Columbia and Canadian Yukon. The photo of the Government House in Victoria has a paper label attached to the top, with the official letterhead of the Government House, signed and dated 8 October 1927 by Robert Randolph Bruce (1861-1942), Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia in 1926-31.
The photos show the Parliament Buildings in Victoria, Saanich Peninsula, Elk Falls on the Campbell River, Mount Baker from the Malahat Drive, Mount Arrowsmith, “Mr. R.P. Butchart’s Sunken Gardens,” Colwood Golf Links near Victoria, Esquimalt dry-docks, a car with B.C. Licence plate in the “Virgin Forest,” local farmlands with herds of ships and cows, strawberry field during the harvest time, a tulip bulb farm et al. BC industry is represented with a close portrait of loggers at work, photos of a logging railway, pulp and paper mill, salmon catch, and a view of “Large timbers for export” loaded on a railway car, the timbers are with chalk inscriptions “Let BC flourish by her timber” and “BC forever.” The album closes with a photo of a catch of trout captioned “Speckled Beauties abound in B.C. Waters.”

 

10. [BRITISH COLUMBIA]
[Collection of Ten Stereoview Photographs of British Columbia].

Various photographers, ca. 1910s. Ten stereoview cards, each with a pair of mounted gelatin silver prints (two are albumen prints), ca. 8x7,5 cm (3 1/8 x 3 in). The some mounts with printed company’s name, numbers, and captions on recto, four with extensive texts on verso. One card with a vertical crease affecting the image, some images slightly faded, otherwise a very good collection.
The collection includes two albumen print stereoviews by B.W Kilburn showing “Idols of the British Columbia Indians, Columbian Exposition” and a park in Victoria; three stereoviews by Nerlich & Co. Published in the series “Canadian Scenery. Ocean to Ocean” and depicting the Court House in Vancouver, a famous hollow cedar in Stanley Park, and two “Aged British Columbia Indians.” There are also three stereoviews by the Fine Art Photographers’ Publishing Co. Showing Fraser River near Yale, Wapta Glacier, and the Illecillewaet Valley with the Selkirks. A stereoview by H.C. White Co. Shows “the Majestic Eagle Peak, Selkirk Mts, towering among the clouds,” and an anonymous panorama depicts the Columbia River. Overall a very good collection of BC stereoviews.
Benjamin West Kilburn was an Alaskan photographer active in ca. 1877-1909. “Stereoscopic photographer and publisher, some of his views are copyrighted 1899. His work is notable for misidentifying Dawson City as being in Alaska even though the town is so far east of the boundary as to be unmistakably Canadian” (“Camera Workers…” online, vol. 1).
The company of Hawley C. White based in North Bennington, Vermont, was the largest in the world producer of stereoscopes, having received a prize at the 1900 Paris World Fair. The company started the production of stereoviews in the late 1890s, issuing them individually or in sets under the printed subtitles “Perfect Stereograph.” “The views which White produced are consistently the highest quality of any ever made, far better than those of his contemporaries Underwood and Keystone. In 1907 he built a large factory incorporating this assembly line which was the finest in the world, with a production capacity of about 15,000 views per day. He also pioneered the use of a lengthy, informative text on the back of the view” (Yellowstonestereoviews online).

 

11. [BRITISH COLUMBIA]
KEYSTONE VIEW COMPANY
[Collection of Thirty-Six Stereo view Photographs of British Columbia].

USA, ca. 1910-1920s. Thirty-six stereo view cards, each with a pair of mounted gelatin silver prints, ca. 8x7,5 cm (3 1/8 x 3 in). The mounts with printed company’s name, numbers, and captions on recto and extensive explanatory texts on verso. One image with a minor water damage on verso of the mount, several slightly faded or with mild silvering, but overall a very good set of stereo views.
The collection includes sixteen stereoviews of the Canadian Rockies showing Field and Mount Stephen (in summer and winter), Roger’s Pass and Hermit Range, Illecillewaet Glacier and Valley with stunning views of Mt. Sir Donald, Mt Cheops, Mr. Grizzly and the Selkirk Range taken from the Glacier; Wapta Glacier; Moraine Lake and Valley of the Ten Peaks, Lake Louise, and Victoria Glacier.
Nine views of the Fraser River depict the river from its junction with the Thompson Rivers at Lytton to the place of its release from the Fraser Canyon near Yale, showing the Cisco (Siska) Bridge, White Creek Bridge and the Three tunnels, Fraser River and Canyon from Tunnel 17, the Hell Gate, a fisherman catching salmon in the Fraser River rapids, and “Indians Crossing the Turbulent River in a Cable Tramway near Yale.” There are also three stereoviews of Vancouver, showing the second building of the CPR station and the Burrard Inlet; trains and steamships meeting at the CPR station; and a photo of Warren Harding, the 29th US President with his wife and Canadian officials walking in Stanley Park during his visit to Vancouver in 1923. The other stereoviews show the Inner Harbour and Parliament buildings in Victoria (2), native totems at Alert Bay (2), Peace Portal on Boundary line between Canada and the US, “Indian Woman working on Moos Hide near Atlin”; a herd of buffaloes on a winter plain (titled “Roaming Monarch of the Plain”), and a logging scene. Overall a very good collection.
“The Keystone View Company was a major distributor of stereographic images, and was located in Meadville, Pennsylvania. From 1892 through 1963 Keystone produced and distributed both educational and comic/sentimental stereoviews, and stereoscopes. By 1905 it was the world's largest stereographic company” (Wikipedia).

 

12. [BRITISH COLUMBIA]
UNDERWOOD & UNDERWOOD
[Collection of Nine Stereo view Photographs of British Columbia].

USA, ca. 1910s. Nine stereo view cards, each with a pair of mounted gelatin silver prints, ca. 8x7,5 cm (3 1/8 x 3 in). The mounts with printed company’s name, numbers, and captions on recto and extensive texts on verso. One card with a period manuscript caption in Russian on the mount. Overall a very good set of stereo views.
The collection includes five stereoviews of the Rockies showing the Roger’s Pass, the Illecillewat Glacier, Mount Stephen and Field, Albert Canyon, a village in the Rockies (with an interesting period manuscript caption in Russian on the lower margin), and a CPR track in the Selkirks with a rail worker checking the line. The other views show the CPR station in Vancouver with trains and steamers, a giant cedar in Stanley Park, and the Parliament Buildings and the Inner Harbour in Victoria. Overall a very good collection.
“Underwood & Underwood was an early producer and distributor of stereoscopic and other photographic images, and later was a pioneer in the field of news bureau photography. <…> At one time, Underwood & Underwood was the largest publisher of stereoviews in the world, producing 10 million views a year. The Underwood brothers developed a selling system of thorough canvassing using college students. By 1887, they outgrew their original office in Ottawa and moved to New York City. Offices were also opened in Canada and Europe. In 1891, Bert learned how to operate a camera and thus the firm of Underwood & Underwood Publishing entered a new merchandising sphere. By 1897, the company had a number of full-time staff and free lance photographers. In the same year, the Underwoods purchased the businesses of Jarvis; Bierstadt; and, William H. Rau. Underwood & Underwood was publishing 25,000 stereographs a day by 1901. The firm still canvassed and sold its own stereographs. Around 1900, Underwood & Underwood introduced boxed sets, with specific themes, such as education and religion, and travel sets depicting popular tourist areas of the world” (Wikipedia).

 

13. [BRITISH RAJ IN INDIA]
[Interesting Collection of Eleven Autograph Letters Signed with Postal Cancels from British Colonial Administrators to Bissonauth Law and Co., One of Calcutta's Principal Native Sundry Suppliers Located at 10 New China Bazaar, Calcutta, Dated Between the 13th of October 1858 to the 20th November 1864].

India, 1858-1864. Eleven Half Anna stamp embossed De La Rue & Co. London stationary envelopes with interior bifolium octavo letters that fold down to duodecimo envelopes. Most of these have both receiver and/or transit cancels for Indian states and towns. Brown ink on laid paper. Letters generally in very good condition.
An interesting early collection of letters documenting the day to day lives of higher British colonial officials in India just after the Indian Rebellion of 1857-8. The content of the letters usually contain orders for a variety of articles from brandy and beer to mustard, Worcester sauce to a drawing room table. The authors involved are mainly judicial officials who have important positions within British Raj at the time.
Letters include ones by: John G. French, Me, Civil Assist. Surgeon; H.L. Oliphant, who in 1863 was the magistrate and collector at Jessore, and who became an important judge; J.B. Worgan, high ranking member Bengal civil service, who held many positions including judge; H.R. Drew, who became and Adjutant General, etc.
An example of content of one of the letters:
Envelope/Letter India postage ½ Anna embossed stamp on postal stationary envelope.
Receiver and/or transit cancel: G.P.O. Calcutta Oct 5, 1862
“To Messrs Besnath [or Bisnath] and Co, 10 New Chinese Bazar, Calcutta Sept.
20th 1862, Nowgong, Assam.
Sirs, I received yours acknowledging the receipt of my order for sundries of[?] which I shall send you a draft as soon as I know the amount. I received the article. I want a nice Drawing Room table, value about Rs 50 and also a dining table value about Rs 40 or 100 for the two, and I want you to get them for me in Calcutta—as good as your [you?] can for the money and send them per next steamer—to me—to the care of Lieut. Sconce Dy Commissioner in Gowhally—as there is every likelihood of my being appointed civil surgeon of that station, next month. I will not be able to pay you ready[?] cash for them, but will before 2 or 3 months—or by instalments—to that time.
Yours, _ _ _ _, John G. French, Me, Civil Assist. Surgeon. “

 

14. [CAPE VERDE]
[Original Watercolour Showing an Early view of Praia (the capital and largest city of Cape Verde, on the southern coast of Santiago Island, Dated and Titled:] Ile de St. Yago. Ville de la Praya de le 9 Decembre [1820].

At sea, 9 December [1820]. Watercolour ca. 19,5x29 cm (8 x 11 ½ in). Grey wash on paper, mounted on an album leaf with double borders ruled in ink, manuscript caption title, the lower right blank margin of the mount skillfully repaired with chipping replaced by good matching paper. Overall a very good watercolour.
This attractively executed watercolour by an anonymous French voyager shows the town of Praia in the background with the bay and three ships in the foreground. "The town of Praia de Santa Maria appeared in 1615 when it took the place of the previous settlement on the plateau, which was originally favored because the nearby port (Santa Maria beach) offered good conditions for ships. Initially used as a clandestine harbor (in order to avoid customs fees at the then capital Ribeira Grande), the settlement gradually acquired the characteristics of a town after much of the population from Ribeira Grande fled there during its decline in the midst of frequent pirate attacks. The official transfer of capital status from Ribeira Grande to Praia took place in 1770" (Wikipedia).

 

15. [CHARCOT, Jean-Baptiste] (1867-1936)
[Charcot French Antarctic Expedition: Collection of Seventy-Five Glass Stereo Positive Slides Showing Images from the Charcot French Antarctic Expedition with the Ship Français Which Explored the West Coast of Graham Land, Antarctica from 1904 until 1905].

Graham Land, Antarctica, 1904-1905. Seventy-five glass stereo positive slides, each 4,5x11 cm (1 ¾ x 4 ¼ in). The glass stereo positive slides are generally in very good condition and housed in a period wooden box. A very good collection.
The generally strong images of these stereoview slides of this early land exploration of the Antarctic continent show the Antarctic terrain, caves, ice bergs, camp life, scientific studies and activities, penguins and the ship 'Francais.'
"Jean-Baptiste Charcot was appointed leader of the French Antarctic Expedition with the ship Français which explored the west coast of Graham Land from 1904 until 1905. The expedition reached Adelaide Island in 1905 and took pictures of the Palmer Archipelago and Loubet Coast. They roughly surveyed the SW coast of Anvers Island in 1904.., [Then] Loubet Land was explored in January 1905 and named after Émile Loubet, the then President of France.., Logistics support for this expedition was provided by the Argentine Navy, employing the legendary corvette ARA Uruguay"(Wikipedia). "Charcot returned to a hero's welcome. The expedition had lost not a single life, almost a thousand miles of coast had been charted, and the first accurate map of the western archipelago of Graham Land had been compiled" (Howgego 1850-1940, Polar Regions C8).

 

16. [CRIMEAN WAR, BALTIC THEATRE]
DUNDAS, Richard Saunders, Rear-Admiral (1802-1861). & PELHAM, Frederick Thomas, Captain of the Fleet (1808-1861)
[Original Journal with Period Manuscript Copies of over Seventy Official Orders by Admiral Dundas and Captain of the Fleet Pelham aboard HMS Duke Of Wellington and HMS Nile during the Second Baltic Campaign, March-September 1855].

Various locations on the Baltic Sea, 13 March-11 September 1855. Folio. Original journal, ca. 130 leaves. 139 pages numbered in hand. Brown ink manuscript in two parts on pages 1-18, 92-[150] (= 77 pp). Original marbled boards neatly rebacked and re-cornered with light brown half calf; gilt lettered morocco label on the spine. Housed in a blue cloth custom made clamshell box with gilt lettered title label on the spine. Pages 103-106 and 133-134 have been taken out, possibly with the orders being censored or suppressed. Overall a very good journal written in a very legible hand.
Original naval journal, thoroughly documenting the orders given to the British fleet during the Crimean War’s second campaign in the Baltic Sea, in March-September 1855. The journal consists of two parts: the first with sixteen standing orders of Admiral Dundas, commander of the British fleet during the campaign, and second with over fifty memorandums and general memos of Admiral Dundas and his second in command Frederick Pelham, the captain of the fleet. The journal was recorded in accordance with the General memo from 8 April 1855: “One General Standing Order Book is to be kept on board each ship under my command in addition to a Book for temporary Orders. The respective Flag Officers, Captains, Commanding Officers will therefore cause all General Standing Orders issued by me to be copied into the Book to be appropriated for that purpose and their order books are to be sent to my Flag ship by an Officer to be examined by my Order Book” (p. 115 of the journal). The compiler of the journal might have been Pelham himself, as the last pages of the journal are occupied with pencil notes about genealogy of the Pelham family.
The orders and memos were written on board of HMS Duke of Wellington, a flagship of the British Baltic fleet during the Crimean War, and HMS Nile, 2nd rate ship of the line. The places of the orders change with the progression of the fleet from England to the Baltic Sea: Spithead, the Downs (North Sea), “Fermern” (Fehmarn) Belt (Baltic Sea), Kiel, Lubeck, Nargen (Naissaar Island, Estonia), Faro [Island] (Sweden), Tolboukin (Tolbukhin) lighthouse (near Kronstadt), [at sea] off Kronstadt, Seskar [Island] (the Gulf of Finland, Russia).
The standing orders include four notifications of “the strict blockade”, spreading further to the east with the movement of the British fleet and affecting: “Ports of Libau, Sackenbaun, Windau and the entrance to the Gulf of Riga” (19 April, supplement to the Standing order # 3); “Gulf of Finland from the Hango Island to the Dangerot Lighthouse” (3 May, SO # 5); “the Coast of Finland from Nystad to Hango Head, including especially the Port of Abo and including likewise all the Islands and Islets fronting the said coast” (15 June, suppl. To SO # 11); “the Gulf of Bothia from Tornea to Nystad” (12 July, suppl. To SO # 15).
A number of documents are dedicated to the Russian merchant vessels which were then in neutral ports and therefore could be captured at sea. The journal contains a list of Russian merchant ships laying in the harbour of Copenhagen (22 April), list of vessels in the Lubeck port under neutral flags “procured by sales which are considered to be fictitious” (22 April), information about ship “Ernest” under Belgian flag with “suspicious or fictitious papers” (29 April) et al.
Another issue that the British fleet had to deal with was the suspected transportation of arms for the Russians by ships of neutral countries. The memos contain information about Dutch ship “Tezlma” bound from Antwerp for Copenhagen with 12 chests “containing 352 Muskets, 131 Carbines, 150 Pistols” (p. 116); another Dutch vessel “Youthaudel” transporting “Muskets from Belgium” (29 April); brig “Otto” from Hamburg “nominally cleared for Brazil”, which “is suspected of having shipped Muskets and other munitions of War for a Russian Port” (30 April); two vessels in the Lubeck port “which are considered liable to capture or detention” (3 May) et al. A note from 11 July warns the British officers that "a large quantity of Colts Revolver Pistols have been lately packed at New York in Cotton Bales, and intended to be shipped on account of the Russian government."
Historically important is the General memo from 27 August informing about the bombardment of the Sveaborg fortress on 9-10 August – the main engagement of the 1855 Baltic campaign. Admiral Dundas informs the “Officers, Seamen and Marines” about the Lords’ of the Admiralty “entire approbation of their conduct on the occasion, as well as of the skill and gallantry with which the service was executed."
The other documents detail different aspects of the British fleet service during the Baltic Campaign: regulations of work of the mortar vessels, weapon use (“heavy Lancaster shells”, “Fuze for Boats Guns”, ammunition for the rifles), maintenance of the machinery of steamships, daily routines for ships’ crews "at sea" and "in harbour," rules of keeping of official ships’ documentation, specific instructions for the safe communication of H.M. Ships with enemy fleets under a "Flag of Truce" and others. Last two pages contain a later general memo from rear Admiral Fremantle, commander of the Channel Squadron, dated “Spithead, 24 August 185[8?]”.
Overall a captivating and historically important first-hand account of the actions of the British fleet in the Baltic theatre of the Crimean War.

 

17. [DOWN THE VOLGA RIVER]
[Album with Fourteen Original Watercolours made during a Trip from the Baltic Sea to Russia and Persia, with interesting views of Saint Petersburg, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Simbirsk, Samara, Caucasian Mountains, the Caspian Sea and area near Isfahan; With a Manuscript map of the Route across the Baltic Sea].

September-November 1869. Fourteen watercolours ca. 21x12 cm (8 ¼ x 4 ¾ in) mounted on original album leaves, with manuscript ink captions on the mounts, some also captioned on the images by the artist. With a watercolour map loosely inserted. Bound in a period style brown folio half calf with marbled boards; the spine with a gilt lettered morocco label and raised bands. A very good album.
A charming group of watercolour views by an English traveller to Russia, with an unusual series of views of the Volga cities – Nizhny Novgorod, Simbirsk, Samara and “Ouswan opposite Kazan on Volga” (Verkhny Uslon village, located right opposite Kazan on the right bank of the Volga). Other interesting views show the Caucasian Mountains and the shore of the Caspian Sea between Petrovski (founded in 1844, modern Makhachkala) and Derbent (both in Dagestan, Russia); the Caucasian Mountains with Mount Shahdag (4243 m., Azerbaijan); and a vicinity of Isfahan (Iran). There are also four nice watercolours of Moscow showing the Kremlin and the exterior and interior of St. Basil Cathedral, a lively view titled “In the Suburbs of St. Petersburg,” with a fire watch tower, “Drozhky & Ezvostchiks”, a four-horse omnibus and a branch of Neva. Two views depict Helsingborg (Sweden) and the Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen. The images are accompanied by a hand drawn “Map of route from Hull to St. Petersburg,” covering the traveller’s route across the Baltic Sea. Overall an unusual collection of fascinating “Russian” views of the mid-19th century.

 

18. [EAST INDIAN RAILWAY]
[Collection of Fourteen Original Watercolours and Pencil and Ink Drawings Depicting the Construction of the East India Railway from Calcutta to Benares in 1851-1862, from the Personal Estate of the Railway’s Chief Engineer George Turnbull; With an Official Invitation to Turnbull from the Duke of Edinburgh for a Ball where the Viceroy of India will Present].

The watercolours: ca. 1852-1861. Fourteen watercolours and drawings, from ca. 20,5x24 cm (8 x 9 ½ in) to ca. 12,5x19 cm (4 ¾ x 7 ½ in), one small pencil drawing ca. 8,5x7,5 cm (3 3/8 x in). Five mounted on original album leaves, all with manuscript ink captions on the mounts, the lower margins or on verso; eleven also signed by the artists. Eight with old mount residue on verso, one pencil drawing with minor tears on the margins neatly repaired, but overall a very good collection. The invitation: ca. 1870. Official printed card ca. 14,5x18,5 cm (5 ½ x 7 ¼ in). Finished in manuscript. Minor staining and old mount residue on verso, otherwise a very good print.
This unique collection of fourteen original watercolours and drawings was assembled by George Turnbull (1809-1889), the chief engineer of the East Indian Railway (EIR), nicknamed the “First railway engineer in India,” and gives a fascinating firsthand view of the railway’s construction in 1851-1862. The EIR connected Howrah and Benares, becoming the second railway to be constructed in India after the line from Bombay to Thane (1853). Turnbull took active part in surveying the railway’s possible route in 1851 and then managed its construction in the field; one of his main engineering achievements was the construction of the Soane Bridge (now Koilwar) over the largest Ganges tributary, and the design of the terminus station at Howrah. The construction was complicated by the Indian Mutiny of 1857 and the outburst of cholera in 1859.
The collection was apparently assembled by Turnbull during the active phase of the East Indian Railway’s construction; the watercolours and drawings are signed by eight artists who were either hired by the EIR or resided in Bengal and were Turnbull’s personal acquaintances. Five watercolours relate to the early, pre-Mutiny period of the EIR construction. Two of them are mounted on both sides of the same paper leaf: a larger one titled “East Indian Railway. Coolies & Bullock Hackeries collecting materials, a peepul tree on the right. G[eorge] T[urnbull], 3rd Nov 1852,” and a smaller one titled “Bengalee Brickmaking” (both by G.W. Archer). These watercolours represent the process of brickmaking for the railway, which was known to be problematic – the quality of the clay and workmanship was low, so the plan to construct most of the bridges out of bricks eventually failed, and they had to be replaced with steel constructions specially imported from England. Another watercolour signed by G.W. Archer is a “Sketch of Connagore Bungalow, 2 miles south of Serampore - showing also the railway embankment” (dated 3rd Nov 1853). There are also a watercolour titled “Lane scene at “Mohr” near Barh, Bengal. S.A. Stewart fecit” (dated 6 Feb. 1856); and a view of the “Mohamedan Bridge near Rajmahal (Godhai). Mr Glinn fecit, 1857.”
A later watercolour represents the construction of the Soane (Koilwar) Bridge, carried out in 1856-1862 (with a pause during the Indian Mutiny). It was one of the most important stages of the EIR construction, the Soane Bridge being the longest bridge on the Indian subcontinent until 1900. The watercolour signed “B.S.” in the left lower corner shows the “Soane Bridge Workings from the Head of Eastern Incline. 25th February 1860.”
Among the drawings are an ink and pencil portrait of “Mr. Fox, C.E. Serampore. 1st January 1852;” two pastel portraits of the “G[eorge]. T[urnbull]’s Bearer” (by J. Slater, 1852), a pencil portrait of a cook who apparently served the railway engineers, titled “Tiarmarree. Dec 28th 1856. Francis – ‘Good curry mem!’” (by J. Bradden); and a humorous pencil portrait of “The resident engineer Miysa District, giving receipts for houses pulled down in Tellandoo villages. 1857. Viz. Walter Bourne”. There are also two nice architectural views of Rajmahal where the EIR station was finished in 1859. A pen drawing shows the ruins of Sang-i-dalan, or Stone Palace, built by Shah Shuja (1639-1660) in the 17th century. The pencil inscription on verso reads “Rajmahal. The Singhe Dulan (or old part), Mahomedan Palace. Bungalow occupied by Mr. Vigors, district Engineer and family, etched by Mr. Vaux & presented to F.[?] T., 1856, Decr.” Another drawing by A. Vaux in grey watercolour shows a mosque in Rajmahal. Among other art works are a pencil drawn “Boohdut Chait or sacred monument, Sikkim”, and a small portrait of “Miss Garston, Darjeeling, Augt. 1861” (by R. Yule).
The invitation reads “To have the Honor of Meeting His Excellency the Viceroy The Equerry in waiting is commanded, by His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh to request the Company of Mr. & Mrs. Turnbull to a Ball on board H.M.S. Galatea, on Tuesday Evening 4th January at half past nine o’clock. Full Dress.”

 

19. [EASTERN BENGAL RAILWAY]
[A Superb Presentation Photograph Album of the Eastern Bengal Railway Line, Presented to W[rey]. A. E[dward] Hanby [M.B.E.] (Retiring Deputy Chief Engineer) by the Officers of the Eastern Bengal Railway 1917].

1917. Elephant Folio (39x54 cm). 26 stiff card leaves. With 89 mounted, matte silver gelatin photographs. The first leaf with a tipped in leaf of 52 ink signatures of railroad administrators. The photos from ca. 23.5 x 29 cm (9.5 x 11.5 in.) to ca.13.5 x 20 cm (5.5 x 8 in.). There are 35 larger single leaf views. Most of the views are captioned in white ink. Many of the photographs are either by Bourne & Shepherd or Hoffmann and Johnston Period black full morocco with a silver presentation plaque mounted on the front cover, with an engraved inscription: “Presented to W.A.E. Hanby, Esq, by the officers of the Eastern Bengal Railway, 1917.” Extremities with mild wear, front joint cracked otherwise a very good album.
Mr. Wrey Edward Hanby, M.B.E., joined the engineering branch of the Public Works Department in Bengal, c.1888, and spent most of his career working for the Eastern Bengal State Railway, retiring in 1917 as a Deputy Chief Engineer. The Eastern Bengal Railway Company was established in 1857 with the objective of introduction of railway transport in eastern Bengal and even to move into Burma.
The strong images in this album include: a group of officers of the EBR at headquarters in 1915, a group of officers of the EBR in 1917, Indian peasants ploughing, harvesting, cutting and working with jute, boats bringing jute to a riverside station, foreshore of the river Houghly at Chitpore, the Chitpore goods shed, the Chitpore road with many carts pulled by oxen, clearing trees from a vast estate for a garden, a view of a massive garden, women and children transplanting seedlings, a group of Bhooteas in Darjeeling in 1905 (Bourne and Shephard photo), 12 images of the effects of a cyclone on the Ganges river in October 1909, (Bourne and Shephard photos), 8 images of the effects of the great earthquake of 12th June1897 on the EB Railway, showing cracks in the earth, in bridges and tracks, in the Nelphanari station yard, on the Rungpur branch, etc. (Bourne and Shephard photos), St. Paul’s cathedral in Calcutta, 3 street scenes in Calcutta showing bustling activity and the Holwell monument, the EBR offices, and the High court, (Bourne and Shephard photos), EBR main station, shipping on the Hooghly river (B&S photo), a Calcutta suburb (B&S photo), the family burial ground of the Nawab of Murshidabad (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), the old Katra Musjid temple in Murshidabad, loading a wagon ferry barge from a train engine and open box cars, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), a panorama of the lower Ganges bridge, the lower Ganges bridge being constructed, a close-up of the lower Ganges bridge dated 1914, a train coming through the lower Ganges bridge in 1915, from the point of view of a traveler at one end, a river scene on the Ganges river, brick manufacturing, brick foundations for a building, well sinking with heavy equipment, earthwork coolies, many workers building up a well, a boat building and two river scenes on the Ganges river, a view of the Sendlah(?) train yard showing the old office buildings, the Chitpore train yard, 3 images of changing 40 feet spans on the Kitihar, Parbatipur(?) section of track; E.B.Railway, Ghat station on the River Ganges, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), a Dak bungalow, Carts crossing a ford, Avenue of papal(?) trees, River steamer with flats in tow, Government House in Dacca (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Loading timbers onto M.G. Trucks at Jainti(?) (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Jainti River with the Himalayas in the distance (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Peacock Island, Gauhati, Gauhati from Peacock Island (Bourne and Shephard photo), The Beadon Falls, Shilong (Bourne and Shephard photo), A long view of Shilong, In the Forest below Ging, Darjeeling, A train and its cars on the DHRy, the single loop (Bourne and Shephard photo), A train going up the Darjeeling reverse no. 3, (Bourne and Shephard photo), The town of Darjeeling from below the shrubbery, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Snowy Range from Sandakfoo, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Snowy Range from Senghal, Everest on the left, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), On the Teesta, below the Bridge, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Bridge over the Runjnoo, Darjeeling; Main Gate to twelve buildings, Gaur, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Andina Building, Pandua, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo) & The Twelve Door Building, Gaur, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo).

 

20. [FRANCISCAN MISSION IN BOLIVIA]
[Official Certified Transcript of Documents Relating to the Franciscan Mission of Iti and the Guaricaya Indians in Southern Bolivia].

[La Plata (Bolivia), 1784-1789]. Folio (ca. 31x21,5 cm). 31 pp., stitched with a string. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, text in Spanish. Housed in a recent navy blue half morocco box with gilt lettered title on the spine. Manuscript with minor soiling and wear, old folds and creasing. Faint damp stain on final few leaves, causing very minor loss to five or six leaves, primarily in the margin, with only a few words affected. Overall a very good manuscript.
Official collection of documents relating to missions in the Viceroyalty of La Plata in present-day Bolivia, specifically the Reduccion of Iti. Written on certified paper dated 1780-1781, with official certification stamps dated 1784-1785 and 1790-1791, the documents are in a neat secretarial hand. Included is a list of the accounts and explanations of expenses for the Reduccion of Iti, detailing items and their costs, as well as correspondence concerning their staffing and running. The Guaricaya Indians, the tribal group of the immediate area are also mentioned in the document. A significant record of an Indian mission in the foothills of the Andes, at a time for which little documentation exists.
The Iti mission, founded by the Jesuits, is one of a group of missions which survived as such into the 19th century; those immediately to the north are now designated a World Heritage site. After the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish America in 1767, most of their missions were taken over by Franciscans or secularized. The missions at Iti, Fayarenda, and Azero, all discussed in the manuscript, were among those which became Franciscan. All were in the same region of southern Bolivia, just north of the Argentine provinces of Salta and Jujuy, in what is today the Chuquisaca Department. Under Spanish rule this area had been administered by the Viceroyalty of La Plata, which controlled what are now the lowlands of Bolivia, while the highlands to the west were governed by the Viceroyalty of Peru. Iti sits along the ancient Incan road, now Route 9 in Bolivia and northern Argentina.
Provenance: Maggs, Bibliotheca Americana 3239, issued in 1924.

 

21. [GREENLAND SEA WHALING]
HANSSEN, Peter Peter, Commander
[Logbooks of Three Voyages of the German Whaling and Sealing Frigate "Lillie" active in the Waters of the Greenland Sea Between the Coasts of Svalbard, Jan Mayen and Greenland, in the Years 1800-1803].

At sea, 1800-1803. Small Folio, 2 vols. 32; 60 leaves. The logbooks, written in old German script in brown ink, cover the period: 28th March - 3 August 1800; 26th February - 27 June 1802; 18th March - 18th October 1803. Period quarter vellum with brown marbled papered boards. One leaf with a minor marginal water stain but otherwise the logbooks are very clean, the rear cover of the second volume without the marbled paper, but overall the logbooks are in very good condition.
Rare Early Historically Important Logbooks of the German Whaling and Sealing Frigate "Lillie" which comprise Commander Peter Peter Hanssen of Sylt's daily journal of the positions of the ship, the course taken, the events of the day which document the arduous daily life of the men on board the whaler, including several deaths. Included at the end of the first volume are copies of six letters from Captain Hanssen from August 1803 to his boss, Johann Friedrich Tonnies, The London trading firm Burmester & Nash etc. The letters give account of the results of the 1800 whaling and sealing voyage of the "Lillie" including mention of trading at Yarmouth. These whale and seal hunting voyages of the frigate "Lillie" were made on behalf of the Hamburg merchant Johann Friedrich Tonnies. Although the North Frisian Islands which include Sylt had a strong reputation of producing excellent mariners who were predominately used to crew English and Dutch whaling ships, German whaling ships were rare at the turn of the 19th century and thus a logbook of a German Whaler of this period is a rare and historically valuable document.

 

22. [INDOCHINA]
CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Eleven Original Watercolour Views of Saigon, Bangkok and Scenes of Everyday life in French Indochina].

1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; seven larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Watercolours mounted on ten period watermarked laid paper leaves. Mounts slightly soiled and stained, but the watercolours are bright and in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a skilful amateur artist, a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. The earliest watercolour in the collection, dated 1877, is a view of Bangkok. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.

 

23. [JAPAN, HONG KONG, SINGAPORE & HAWAII]
[Attractive Lacquered Album with 112 Original Photographs of Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Hawaii Taken During an Around the World Trip Titled]: Around the World, 1900.

1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 32,5x41 cm). With112 gelatin silver prints of various size mounted on 21 stiff card leaves, including 10 large images, ca. 25,5x29 cm (ca. 10 x 11 ½ in), and three large colour photos, ca. 20x26 cm (ca. 8x10 ¼ in). Manuscript ink captions on the mounts. Original lacquered Japanese album with leather spine, marbled paper endpapers, all edges gilt. Rebacked in style, boards slightly rubbed and neatly repaired on the corners, minor foxing of the endpapers, otherwise a very good album.
The album includes photos taken by a British traveller during a trip around the world, dated 20 March – 31 August 1900. The author left London in the beginning of March on the P.& O. Steamer Arcadia and proceeded to Port Said and Colombo, where he changed to the R.M.S. Chusan for Hong Kong. After calling at Penang and Singapore he arrived to Hong Kong, and visited Canton and Macao. Then he proceeded to Japan, arriving to Kobe on 4 May and travelling around the country until the end of June. On 20 June he left on S.S. “Futami Maru”, calling at Manila, Samoa, and Hawaii. One of the last photos dated 31 August 1900 shows the Niagara Falls.
The images of Japan comprise the majority of the album (63) and include views of Yokohama harbour, Tokyo (Kameido shrine, private house owned by certain Englishman Milne et al.), Kiga, a series of images of the Nikko shrines with the “celebrated Red Lacquer Bridge”, Eaimitsu temple, Karamon gate, bronze Torii, “Avenue of criptomenia trees”, botanical garden et al. Interesting in the image of the “fish flags” waving in Nikko during the Tango no Sekku or the Boys Holiday – “the idea is that as the fish swims against the stream, so may the boy ‘swim’ through life”. The author also took a series of photos of a temple procession in Nikko, with a picture of “3 gold shrines, 75 men to carry each. These are not allowed to be photographed”. Other images shows street musicians, small tea houses and hotels, Kyoto geishas, Nagoya Castle, Nara City et al. Three colour photos show Lake Hakone and Mount Fuji. The album opens with a self portrait of the compiler shown mounted on a horse, with his guide Hirakata, at the Otome Toge pass where “one gets a magnificent view of Fujiyama”.
A series of interesting photos of China include view of the Hong Kong harbour with the building of the Club, “the Queen’s road” and monument to the Queen Victoria in Hong Kong, view of Macao taken from the hotel ‘Boa Vista’, several dreadful images of execution of pirates in Canton, native boats crowded on the Canton river, a portrait of the travelling party at the palace of “Li Hung Chang” (Li Hongzhang, 1823-1901, a noted Chinese politician) et al. The beginning of the album numbers 14 views of Port Said, Colombo, Penang and Singapore, with street views, native boats with painted eyes in the bows, diving boys, and islands near Singapore which “we were passing nearly all day & each one seemed more beautiful that the last”. In the end of the album there are over a dozen photos of Manila, Samoa and Hawaii with large views of Honolulu, scenes of “Cricket at Apia”, portraits of natives, Hawaiian dancers et al.

 

24. [JAPAN]
[Japanese Lacquered Album with Thirty-seven Albumen Prints, Including Twenty-five Large Hand-Coloured Original Photos of Japan; also with Images of Tangier, Malta, Madeira, Singapore etc.]

Ca. 1900s. Oblong Folio (ca. 27,5x35,5 cm). Thirty-seven albumen prints, including thirty-one larger ones, ca. 21x27,5 cm, and six smaller ones, from ca. 12x17 cm to ca. 10x13 cm. The photos are mounted on one or both sides of original cardboard leaves; twenty-five images are hand coloured; eighteen images captioned in negative on the lower margins. The leaves are disbound and loosely inserted between two original red lacquered wooden boards decorated with a painted scene showing running Japanese rickshaws (front board) and a floral pattern (rear board). The boards are rubbed, with minor chipping on extremities; some leaves are slightly soiled and waved, with minor staining, but the photos are in very good condition.
This album, compiled by a French traveler to Japan, includes 25 large hand coloured albumen prints showing Japanese views, scenes and local people; the majority of photos is captioned in negative and have most likely been taken by the studio of T. Enami (Enami Nobukuni, 1859-1929) - a prominent Japanese photographer of the Meiji period based in Yokohama. The photos include views of the Bund in Kobe, a snow covered yard in Yokohama, a palace in the Kanagawa prefecture, cherries in blossom and the Kudanzaka slope in Tokyo, Tosho-gu shrine in Nikko, Nunobiki waterfall near Kobe and others. Several images depict Kyoto and its environs: Kiyomizu-dera and Rokkaku-dō temples, Yaami hotel in the Maruyama village, Arashiyama Mountain with logs being transported down the river, the Gojiyosaka road et al. A group of photos portrays the locals – “Women in bed,” two girls from different regions of Japan in traditional costumes, a Buddhist monk, a cook cutting daikon, “Singers,” samurais, cloth sellers, and peasants picking tea on the plantation.
The “Japanese” photos are supplemented with portraits of the French travellers in Madeira, on board the steamer, views of Tanger, Malta, and Singapore. Overall a very good collection with bright hand-coloured images of Japan during the Meiji period.
“Born in Edo (now Tokyo) during the Bakumatsu era, Enami was first a student of, and then an assistant to the well known photographer and collotypist, Ogawa Kazumasa. Enami relocated to Yokohama, and opened a studio on Benten-dōri (Benten Street) in 1892. Just a few doors away from him was the studio of the already well known Tamamura Kozaburō. He and Enami would work together on at least three related projects over the years. Enami became quietly unique as the only photographer of that period known to work in all popular formats, including the production of large-format photographs compiled into what are commonly called "Yokohama Albums". Enami went on to become Japan's most prolific photographer of small-format images such as the stereoview and glass lantern-slides. The best of these were delicately hand-tinted. His images in all formats eventually appeared in books and periodicals having press-runs in the millions. The Japanese stereoview lines of at least three major American publishers were made up entirely of T. Enami images” (Wikipedia).

 

25. [KASHMIR AND THE HIMALAYAS]
[Album with 99 Original Snapshots, Titled on Front Pastedown:] Two Months Wanderings in Kashmir, Jhelum Valley, Srinagar & the Himalayas, and Murree to Rawalpindi and N.W. Frontier. (September-November 1917).

1917. Octavo (ca. 22,5x17 cm). 24 card leaves. With 99 gelatin silver prints, the majority ca. 6x10,5 cm (2 3/8 x 4 1/8 in); with 11 images ca. 5,5x8,5 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. All photos captioned in white pencil on the mounts. Original green cloth “Newlyn” album, slightly rubbed on the extremities. About 40 images faded, one photo with creases and tears, but overall a very good album.
Interesting collection of original snapshots documenting a travel of a group of British officers and officials around Kashmir and the Northwestern Frontier during the last stage of the WW1. The first part of the travel started at the Bhurban camp (Punjab, modern Pakistan), from where the party drove up the Jhelum Valley road to Srinagar; among the snapshots are views of villages and locals in Kohala, Chinar, and Rampur. A series of Srinagar views numbers over twenty images, showing Amira Kadal Bridge in its initial wooden state (in was reconstructed in concrete in 1982), the Bund and the post office, Srinagar museum and banqueting hall, Maharaja’s Palace, 3rd Bridge and Hari Parbat fort, Hari Singh’s Palace, local dwellings named “the Shanks” et al; several views depict the Dal Lake and famous Nishat Bagh and Shalimar Bagh gardens nearby . There are also vivid portraits of Kargil peasants and local children named “mudlarks.”
The second leg of the travel was a hike to the Harmukh Mountain in northwestern Himalayas. Over 30 images illustrate the undertaking, with stunning views of the Tsurlat Pass, mountain ranges nearby, the Harmukh Mountain with its glaciers, Wangat Nala and ruins of a Hindu temple; portraits of coolies and the British travellers crossing streams, resting in camp and taking notes. The photos taken on the way back include views of Ganderbal and the Sind River, Lake Manesbal, Chinar Bagh, Takht-i-Suleiman Mountain, a bank of Jhelum showing old Kashmir road, portraits of Pathan peasants (Pashtuns), a marauder in the Bhurban camp, a caravan of “Barbary camels on a long journey” and others. Overall a very interesting collection.

 

26. [KYOTO, JAPAN]
[Collection of Twenty-eight Original Photos Taken by a German Traveler Mostly in the Vicinity of Kyoto, Including Views of Temples, Streets, Gardens and a Number of Interesting Group Portraits of the Local People].

Ca. 1900s. Twenty-eight gelatin silver prints ca. 10,5x15,5 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in) mounted on recto and verso of original cardboard leaves (unbound, ca. 23,5x31 cm). All but one image with short period ink captions in German on the mounts. Mounts slightly soiled, one leaf with a corner bent (not affecting the image), a couple of photos slightly faded, but overall a very good collection of strong sound images.
Interesting collection of original snapshots taken by a German traveler in Kyoto and its environs in the early 1900s, with lively views of Kyoto streets, temples and gardens, photos of a river bank with boats and houses nearing the water, a cemetery, a private yard with an outdoor shower and others. Photos of local people include vivid group portraits of Japanese peasants, children, and picnic parties (one of them featuring a woman playing shamisen); there is also an image showing a Japanese artillery column on a road observed by local spectators (probably, a part of the Japanese force departing to the front of the Russian-Japanese War). Six photos show German travelers posing with Japanese peasants, on a river bank, in rickshaw carts on in a garden. Overall a fascinating firsthand account of everyday life of the early 20th century Japan.

 

27. [LA PEROUSE, Jean Francois Galaup de] (1744-81)
Carte des decouvertes au nord du Japon faites en 1643 par les Vaisseaux Hollandais le Kastrikum et le Breskens [Chart of the discoveries made in northern Japan in 1643 by the Dutch vessels Kastrikum and Breskens].

Paris, 1797. Copper engraved map ca. 49,5x68,5 cm (19 ½ x 27 in). Original fold marks but otherwise a very good map.
"Chart of the discoveries to the north of Japan, in 1643 by the Dutch ships Castricum and Breskes. In two small insets in the top of the chart the province of Osju is depicted, at bottom left a view of Company's Land" (Swaen Map Auction).

 

28. [LA PEROUSE, Jean Francois Galaup de] (1744-81)
Carte Generale des Decouvertes faites en 1787 dans les Mers de Chine et de Tartarie.., [General Chart of the Discoveries made in 1787 in the Seas of China and Tartary ..,].

Paris, 1797. Copper engraved map ca. 49,5x68 cm (19 ½ x 27 in). Original fold marks but otherwise a very good map.
"This is a finely engraved, large-scale chart showing the track of La Perouse's expedition in ships Boussole and Astrolabe, sailing from the Manila Bay to Taiwan (Formosa), past Korea through the Sea of Japan to explore the coast of China and briefly approaching a cape in western Japan. The expedition finally sails past Hokkaido and the Kuril islands to arrive in southern Kamchatka on September 16, 1787" (Old World Auctions).

 

29. [MANZANILLO, CUBA]
[Collection of Period Manuscript Copies of the Official Papers Compiled by Various Citizens of the City of Manzanillo, Cuba, Describing its History, Politics, and Topography].

[Manzanillo, ca. 1822]. Folio (ca. 31,5x21,5 cm). [49] leaves disbound from a stub. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, legible handwriting in Spanish. Paper age toned, with light soiling and wear, some ink bleed; old stab holes in left margin. Overall a very good document.
Extensive collection of period manuscript copies of several important documents, compiled by various citizens of the port city of Manzanillo, located in the Granma Province of eastern Cuba, on the Gulf of Guacanayabo near the delta of the Cauto River. The documents include copies of petitions and contracts and contain important information on the history, politics, and economic development of Manzanillo. The notes relate to the city port upgrades, construction of sugar refineries, improvement of defense, Manzanillo’s natural resources and geography, and the further development of agriculture and commerce in the area. The city’s proximity to Santiago and the island of Jamaica are noted and described as an advantage for further developing the town, which at that time had twelve streets, 388 houses, and a population of about 2,700 people. The purpose of the petitions seems to be in the achievement of greater municipal autonomy and authority.
There is a copy of the census made by Miguel Fernandez, dated Dec. 2, 1819, which is broken down according to race, and whether the people in question were slaves or freemen. The document also relates a tale of six enemy insurgent ships landing and attacking the towns people, who successfully repelled them, on Oct. 7, 1819. It is asserted that these invaders were English – possibly some of the many English filibusterers, unemployed at the end of the Napoleonic Wars, who sailed for South America to participate in the revolutions underway there at that time. The document closes with the signature of Jose Imbluzqueta, Secretary, and a note dated March 5, 1822.

 
 

30. [MISSIONARIES IN SOMALIA]
[Album with 137 Original Photographs of the Trinitarian Mission in Jilib, Somalia].

Ca. 1910-1924. Folio (ca. 37x20 cm). 50 grey card leaves (27 blank). With 137 gelatin silver prints, the majority (123) of postcard size, the rest are from ca. 14,5x10,5 cm (5 ¾ x 4 ¼ in) to ca. 8x5,5 cm (3 x 2 ¼ in). Twenty-one photos with period manuscript captions in black or golden ink starting with: “Somalia Italiana. Gelib”. Ten photos with period ink manuscript text or inscriptions on recto or verso; two with French and Italian postal stamps dated “1924”. Original light green cloth album with two elaborate art nouveau metal vignettes on the front cover. A number of leaves with minor damage, about a dozen photos faded and with minor creases or losses on the corners, otherwise a very good album.
Interesting eye-witness account of the early years of the Trinitarian Catholic Mission in Gelib (Jilib), Southern Somalia. Compiled by mission member, the album shows a small, but well maintained settlement with a church and a main mission’s house, surrounded by a native village. The missionaries dressed in robes with distinctive Trinitarian red and blue crosses, are shown with children from the missionary school, while giving medical help to the locals (with one image showing a well equipped medical cabinet), working in fields, building wells, making mud bricks, visiting villages and even exploring the environs on a bike. The photos also show local villages and their inhabitants - farmers, shepherds with cows, Arab soldiers, elders, women with babies and numerous children, playing around or in the mission yard where swings had been constructed for them. There are also photos of the neighbouring Jubba River, and of a mosque in Jilib. Two images show the grave of the mission’s founder Father Leandro dell’Addolorata (1872-1906); there is also a portrait of a missionary with Princess Hélène d'Orléans (1871-1951), Duchess of Aosta, who visited Jilib during her travel to Africa in the 1910s.
The album was apparently compiled by a French member of the mission, some Padre Ludovic Richard, whose notes and comments present on seventeen photos or postcards from the album. The notes were addressed from “P[adre] Ludovico” to “Monsieur Antoin Richard” (apparently his brother), and dated 1918-1924, starting with the notes from Italy and finishing with letters from Jilib. P. Ludovic gace some comments on the mission’s affairs and named several missionaries present on the photos.
The Catholic mission in Jilib was opened in 1905 by Father Leandro Dell’Addolorata, a member of the Trinitarian religious order dedicated to liberation of Christians held in captivity. The main goal for the Trinitarian mission in Jilib was the protection of the local non-Muslim population of Bantu origin. Father Leandro “argued that most people living in the Jilib area declared themselves Muslim in order to strengthen their free status. <…> For several years, the Trinitarian fathers, an order dedicated to the defence of slaves, were prevented from entering Somalia by the Italian government, which feared that their activities would lead the Muslim population to rise in revolt. This prohibition adds weight to Father Dell’Addolorata’s suggestion that the people living along the Jubba River were not Muslim; he endorsed the idea that evangelization was feasible” (The Invention of Somalia/ Ed. By Ali Jimale Ahmed. The Red Sea Press, 1995, p. 194-195). The Trinitarian mission in Jilib went under the jurisdiction of the Apostolic Prefecture of Benadir (later Diocese of Mogadishu) in 1924. After the beginning of the Somali civil war its state is unknown.

 

31. [NANAIMO]
[Album with Thirty Original Photos of the Connaught Barracks in Nanaimo and Its Military Contingent During the WW1].

Ca. 1915-1916. Quarto (ca. 29x23,5 cm). 27 album leaves. With thirty gelatin silver prints ca. 8x13,5 cm (3 x 5 ½ in) or smaller. Period black cloth album fastened with a string, with a gilt lettered title “The Ideal Scrap Book” on the front board. Leaves with the attached photos slightly wavy, several images removed by previous owners, but overall a very good album.
Historically important collection of thirty original photos of the Connaught Barracks in Nanaimo during the WW1 and the troops stationed there, including the 72th Regiment of the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada, and the Canadian Mounted Rifles. The images include group portraits of the officers and soldiers, scenes of military exercises of infantry and artillery troops, reviews and parades et al. Several views show different wooden buildings of the barracks, the main building (former Nanaimo Agricultural Hall), a tent camp nearby, and the Nanaimo Bastion. A very interesting collection of original photos apparently taken by a member of a regiment stationed at the Connaught Barracks.
“In 1911 work started on the Agricultural Hall. It was opened the following year. In 1913 there were sheds to accommodate horses, cows, pigs and sheep on the grounds. By October of 1913 the hall had been turned over to the military to house the Civil Aid Force during the big (miners) strike of 1912-1914. Detachments of troops were still stationed on the site in August, 1914 when World War One started. At this time, the Agricultural Hall was renamed the Connaught Barracks. In 1915, the animal sheds were demolished to build stables for the horses of elements of the Canadian Mounted Rifles stationed at the barracks. By 1917, agricultural shows were once again being held at the site <…>” (Nanaimo Cultural Heritage Newsletter. November 2014, online). Most of the buildings of the Connaught Barracks were demolished in 1957, apart from the single stable building (modern address – the intersection of Machleary and Wentworth Streets).

 

32. [NORFOLK ISLAND]
NOBBS, George Hunn, Pastor (1799-1884)
[Autograph Letter Signed, 'George H. Nobbs,' to the Right Reverend Christopher Wordsworth‚ Bishop of Lincoln‚ asking for an Annotated Copy of the Scriptures “for the Use of the Congregation‚ and as an Heir-loom for the Descendants of the Community”‚ Explaining that they are Converting a Former Convict Store into a Church‚ and Describing the Origin of the Community on Pitcairn Island].

Norfolk Island, South Pacific Ocean, 30 December 1874. Large Octavo (ca. 25x20 cm). 2 pp., with an integral blank leaf. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Legible handwriting‚ but with some moderate water damage probably incurred in the mails‚ one edge ragged‚ other minor defects. Overall a good letter.
A great letter and an important Norfolk Island relic‚ despite the water staining. George Hunn Nobbs, the pastor of the descendants of the HMS Bounty mutineers, by that time for over forty years, is writing to his superior, the Bishop of Lincoln, with the latest news from his “isolated, but happy home.” He asks His Lordship to grant the community with a copy of the Bible and proceeds: “The people I represent are the descendants of the Mutineers of H.M.S. Bounty - and formerly dwelling on Pitcairn Island‚ but now‚ by favour of our Gracious Queen‚ and philanthropy of influential Friends in England‚ in possession of the large portion of Norfolk Island.” He also refers to the Melanesian Mission‚ with whom the island was shared in an uneasy partnership, and describes the destruction of the old church in a cyclone‚ and the whaling boats being washed away by a tidal wave, but “we are now recovering from this elemental war‚ & hope to have our new Church ready for public Worship by Easter next. The consecration must‚ of course‚ be deferred until a Successor to our honoured and beloved Friend Bishop Patterson is appointed...” He expresses his readiness to provide further information about the community, “should Your Lordship be desirous”, and additionally asks for the bishop’s “autograph on the “Fly Leaf” with a word or two of paternal salutation to the community.”
George Hunn Nobbs arrived on Pitcairn Island in 1828 and became the schoolmaster and an unordained pastor to a community descended from HMS Bounty mutineers and Tahitian islanders. On 18 October 1829 Nobbs married Sarah Christian‚ the granddaughter of Fletcher Christian, who had let the mutiny. In 1852 he was ordained in London and commissioned as Chaplain of Pitcairn Island. In 1856 the community moved to Norfolk Island‚ a Crown Colony previously occupied by convict prisoners.

 

33. [OLDEST DRUGSTORE IN THE PHILIPPINES]
RÜMKER, Paul (1869 – after 1929)
[Extensive Archive of Paul Rümcker, one of the Owners of Botica Boie - the first Drugstore in the Philippines, Containing over 150 Original Photos, Including Portraits of Rümcker and other Members of the German Community in the Philippines, Photos of the Botica Boie, German Estates, Scenes from their Trips around the Islands, Views of the Local Villages and People et al.; including over 80 Postcards with the Views of the Philippines, 18 Written by Rümcker or Addressed to Him or His Associates. [With] over seventy photos, apparently from Rümker’s family archive, generally, portraits of German relatives].

The Philippines, ca. 1900-1910s., several items ca. 1930s. Over 220 loose gelatin silver or albumen prints of various size; some mounted on card, the majority unmounted. Photos from ca. 6x10 cm (2 ¼ x 4 in) to ca. 15,5x20,5 cm (6x8 in). Several with period pencil captions in German on verso. With over 80 printed and real photo postcards, including 18 filled in and with German or Philippine postal stamps on verso. Some photos with mild creases, several slightly faded or with silvering, but overall a very good collection.
With: Centennial Memorial. Botica Boie. Philippine American Drug Co. 1830-1930. Manila: Sugar News Press, [1930]. Octavo. [4], 104 pp. With two folding plates, numerous illustrations in text. Original publisher’s illustrated wrappers. A very good copy. Paul Rümcker’s pencil inscription on the front wrapper.
With: The Manila Times: Investors and Settlers Edition. [Manila], February 1910. Elephant Folio. 124 pp., with numerous illustrations in text. Period cloth hard cover with original both publisher’s illustrated wrappers attached to the front and rear boards. A very good copy.
Extensive and interesting photographic archive of Paul Rümker, one of the German owners of “Botica Boie” – famous drugstore in Manila and the oldest in the Philippines, with important materials on the history and business operations of “Botica Boie” and the German community in the Philippines at the time.
The collection includes eight original photos of the drugstores in the Philippines, including the exterior and interior of the Botica Boie (three photos show its storefront facing the Escolta Street in Manila, with one image of the storefront under reconstruction); American drugstore in Manila (apparently, the one on the Escolta Street), and a large photo (in three copies) of Botica Boie’s branch in Vigan (Luzon Island). Historically important are Paul Rümker’s cabinet portrait photo and 18 postcards sent or received by him in the Philippines and Germany (all but one dated 1900-1910s, one - 1930). Very interesting are real photo postcards showing a group portrait of German businessmen in Manila, German Club in Manila (1931), Rümcker’s land lot in Baguio and flooded Escolta Street where the Botica Boie was located.
There are also 24 individual and group portraits of the members of German community in the Philippines; two photos are with pencil captions on verso, identifying 12 people, including P. Rümker, R. Germann, the owner of “Germann & Co.” (exporters, importers and insurance agents in Manila), and Gustav Kiene, head brewer of the San Miguel Brewery, the only brewery in the Philippine Islands at the time. Sixteen original photos depict German owned houses, mansions and estates in the Philippines, with the Germans and sometimes local servants posing to the camera. One photo shows three Germans sitting at the open terrace of a restaurant in the Philippines with the sign “Waldkneipe!”
Over 70 photos depict various regions the Philippines, apparently taken by Germans during their travels to the countryside and showing them posing next to their summer houses, in native villages, with the locals, inspecting a train crash on a railway, being carried in palanquins by the locals et al. There are also interesting group portraits of the Philippine people from different tribes, native villages, a view of a destroyed port and damaged vessels in the Philippines (apparently, after a tsunami) et al. A series of seven photos depicts a German party on a holiday trip to Calamba, 54 km south of Manila.
There are also over thirty photos depicting Rumker’s railway travel through Manchuria (apparently, on his way to China; he arrived to Manila from China and entered the service of Botica Boie in 1894). The photos are housed in the envelope signed “Mukden,” and include views of the Dalian vicinity (signed “Dalny”), and South Manchuria railway (views of rails, train cars, locals, Chinese villages, and landscapes, obviously taken from a car window).
The collection also contains 27 blank printed postcards and 36 blank real photo postcards showing the Philippines (series of views of Baguio, the Benguet Road, two real photo postcards showing a wreck on a steamer on the Philippines’ coast; views of Manila, Zamboanga City, the Jolo Island, Mayon Volcano, interiors of the Manila Hotel et al.) With over seventy photos, apparently from Rümker’s family archive, generally, portraits of German relatives.
The collection is supplemented with a historical overview of Botica Boie published to its centennial jubilee, with Rümker’s autograph on the front wrapper. There is also a special issue of the “Manila Times” dedicated to the most important businesses of the archipelago; the volume contains an extensive article on the “Botica Boie,” as well as other German-owned businesses in the Philippines.
“Botica Boie” dates back its history to 1830 when it was founded in Manila Dr. Lorenzo Negrao, a Spanish physician. It received its famous name in 1884 when it was bought by Reinhold Boie. In 1902 the business was bought by Friedrich Stahl and Paul Rümker, “both having had many years of service in the company”. The firm name changed into Botica Boie, Stahl and Rümker, Proprietors. In 1906 Stahl & Rümker established a buying office in Hamburg which the partners took turns in managing. In 1914 Mr. Stahl went there to relieve Mr. Rümker and was caught by the war. They asked Ernst Israel, who had been with the firm for eight years, to manage the business in Manila.
In 1916 the Botica Boie moved to new quarters, needing more space to accommodate the growing business of the establishment, after having occupied its former building for the period of eighty-six years. In 1918 the United States Alien Property Custodian sold Botica Boie to the Philippine American Drug Company fo P. 1,250,000 (See more: Centennial Memorial. Botica Boie. Philippine American Drug Co. 1830-1930, Manila, 1930). The company continues its operations nowadays under the name “BOIE, INC. - Pioneer Filipino Pharmaceutical Company”.
The German Dispensary, “one of the pioneer houses in this field, which began business in Manila three-quarters of a century ago. This well known establishment is situated on the Escolta, the principal business street of Manila, and is one of the largest concerns of its kind in the city. Here one may purchase, not only well known remedies, but the rarest of drugs. This store carries in stock about everything known to the sciences of medicine, botany and surgery. <…> This firm has what is perhaps the most complete line of surgical instruments to be found in the Orient <…>
Besides its drug business, which is both wholesale and retail, the German Dispensary also operates one of the largest bottling works in the Philippines. Here waters of all kinds are prepared with the scrupulous care that characterizes all of the products of this firm. <…> The firm is also the oldest distiller of ylang-ylang, the flower which grows only in the Philippine Islands and from which is made some of the finest perfume in the world. <…> The drug store itself is fitted with all the elegant simplicity that is characteristic of the largest drug store in the United States. The fittings are of hardwood, and rows of modern glass showcases furnish attractive means for displaying the many things for sale” (The German Dispensary// The Manila Times: Investors and Settlers Edition, February 1910, p. 107).
Germans started to actively settle in Manila in the 1850-1870s, and in the end of the 19th century formed the largest after the British non-Spanish foreign group in Manila. In the late 1890s Germany’s aspiration of acquiring the Philippines as a colony grew, which resulted in the German navy squadron participation in the manoeuvres in the Manila Bay together with US Commodore George Dewey shortly after the American Victory in the Battle of the Manila Bay (1 May 1898) of the Spanish-American War. Although the Philippines became the American colony, German presence was strong, with 264 people in the early 1900s, and the Casino Union as a German cultural and social club being formed in the 1880s.

 

34. [PEACOCK, Alfred?]
[Original Two Unsigned Watercolours, One Titled:] Quarantine Station - Flores Island - off Montevideo.

Ca. 1889. Watercolours each ca. 9 x 17 & 20 cm (4 x 7 & 8 in). Recently matted, overall very good watercolours.
The watercolours show a lighthouse and quarantine station and an official camp with a British merchant navy flag. "Isla de Flores is a small island in the Rio de la Plata, 21 miles southeast of Punta Carretas, Montevideo, Uruguay.., Flores was named by Sebastián Gaboto, who discovered it on Easter Sunday 1527.., It has a historic lighthouse, which was the subject of an 1819 treaty, by which Uruguay lost the Misiones Orientales. This lighthouse, of Portuguese origin, entered service in 1828. It was dubbed "the world's most expensive lighthouse" . The lighthouse is now under the jurisdiction of the Uruguayan Navy. It is 37 meters high and flashes twice every 10 seconds" (Wikipedia).

 

35. [PERON, Francois] (1775-1810)
& [FREYCINET, Louis-Henri de Saulces, Baron de] (1777-1840)
[Atlas Part 1 ONLY] Voyage de Decouvertes aux Terres Australes, excute par ordre de Sa Majeste l'Empereur et Roi, Partie Historique Redigee par M.F. Peron. - Atlas par MM. Lesueur et Petit [Voyage of Discovery to Terra Australis, Executed by Order of His Majesty the Emperor and King..,]

Paris: Chez Arthus Bertrand, 1807-1816. First Edition. Folio Atlas. Title + [vi] pp. Atlas: Part I: engraved title and forty engraved plates including the folding panoramas of Sydney and Timor (twenty-four plates hand coloured). Period light brown papered boards. Spine with splits at hinges, the Timor panorama with a small chip of left blank margin, some plates with very minor foxing of outer blank fore edge, One plate with a repaired tear of blank margin, but overall a very good copy in very original uncut condition.
This first part of the atlas includes all the plates including topographical views, local inhabitants, coastal profiles and natural history etc. "In 1800 an expedition organized by the Institute of France and placed under the command of Nicolas Baudin sailed for the South Seas. Their particular instructions were to make a full and minute examination of the Australian coasts, and especially to explore the southern coast, "where there is supposed to be a strait communicating with the Gulf of Carpentaria, and which consequently would divide New Holland into two large and almost equal islands." The maps and charts [were] prepared by Freycinet, who continued the publication after the death of Peron.., Peron the naturalist on this voyage, was able to prepare a huge zoological collection that was known for years for its excellence." (Hill 1329); Ferguson 979. "In 1800 [Peron] was engaged by Nicolas Thomas Baudin as 'trainee zoologist charged with comparative anatomy' for Baudin's exploratory voyage to the southern and western coasts of Australia" (Howgego 1800-1850, P21).

 

36. [ROSARIO, ARGENTINA]
[Album with ca. 140 Original Photos of Rosario City in Argentina, Taken by One of the British Associates of the “Rosario Gas Works”].

Ca. 1902-1908. Quarto (ca. 30x24,5 cm). 24 card leaves. With ca. 140 gelatin silver prints, including four panoramas (three- and two-part) ca. 13,5x29 cm (5 ¼ x 11 ¼ in) and slightly smaller, 30 images ca. 11,5x16,5 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in), the rest are ca. 7,5x9,5 cm (3 x 3 ¾ in). About 30 images with period pencil captions on the mounts. With a period unfinished manuscript table of contents bound in at rear, and with 23 gelatin silver prints taken in England, mounted at the beginning of the album. Period album with navy blue cloth boards, neatly rebacked; dark green sheep corners and spine with a gilt lettered title “Argentina.” Several images slightly faded or with minor silvering, but overall a very good album with strong images.
Interesting collection of historically significant original photos of the Rosario Gasworks, Argentina, compiled by one of its British associates. The images include four large panoramic views of the industrial facilities of the Rosario Gasworks, a street in Rosario with the gas manager’s house (Plaza Brown), and Rosario’s suburb Alberdi. Among other images of the Rosario Gasworks are views of the facilities on Calle Rioja (the bank of the Parana River) and Calle 1 de Mayo, old Deposito de Inflamables in the Rosario port and the Gasworks’ coal shed, several photos of the machinery with local workers and various operations, including “Coke on fire” and “Loading Tar.” A series of photos show the river port of Rosario with several steamers (Etruria, Maria Manuela laden with oranges, S.S. Antaeus under repair and others), a coal ship for the Rosario Gasworks, smaller sailing boats, port workers et al. Six photos depict a process of “Bringing in coal” from the port on a small trolley. Very interesting are two large images of a steam automobile “Purrey” and Stewart Thornycroft steam wagon, which apparently were used at the Rosario Gasworks.
There are also nice street views of Rosario, showing Plaza Almirante Brown, Cathedral of Rosario, Hotel Esperanza, railway depot, cemetery, “My lodging, Rosario Gas Works, Calle 1 de Mayo” (two views taken from the main street and from the back), scenes of a launch of a balloon, several photos of a holiday procession on Rosario streets (probably, religious); Rosario neighbourhood Alberdi and others. Several photos portray members of the Lomas family, apparently one of the owners of the Rosario Gasworks. Overall a very interesting important album.
“The city stand 65 feet over the river, and is built in chess-board fashion, like Buenos Ayres. It covers about 500 cuadras, or 2,000 acres, in the form of a triangle, the base resting on the river. <…> The gas-works are near the riverside, and supply 6,100 lights, of which 450 are street lamps; the pipes are over 10 miles” (Mulhall, M.G. & E.T. Handbook of the River Plate, Comprising the Argentine Republic, Uruguay, and Paraguay. Buenos Ayres, 1885, p. 425).

 

37. [SAN FRANCISCO’S FIRST PLEASURE YACHTS]
[OGDEN, Richard Livingston] (1822-1900)
[Private Diary Describing Sailings of the Yachts Restless and Peerless in San Francisco Bay]: A concise and condensed history of the goings & comings & voyages of the Sloop Yacht "Restless" by a reliable not contraband but highly respectable gentleman, slightly tinctured with a fondness for salt water, a piscatorial weakness and the pursuit of ducks under difficulties...

[San Francisco], ca. 1860-1870s. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 25 pp. of text and fifty blank leaves. Brown and blue ink on laid paper, with several newspaper clippings and an ink drawing of the yacht “Restless” mounted on the leaves. Original violet full sheep notebook with raised bands and blind stamped decorative borders on the boards. Binding rubbed on extremities, hinges cracked, foot of spine chipped, but overall a very good internally clean manuscript.
Fascinating private account of the sailings of the yachts Restless and Peerless, both belonging to San Francisco industrialist and keen yachtsman Richard Livingston Ogden. Ogden came to California in 1852 as a major of the US army and subsequently established the firm of Ogden and Hayes; he was one of the founders of the Kimball Carriage and Car Manufacturing Company in the 1860s, the first president of the reorganized San Francisco Yacht Club (1874-1878) and one of the founders of the Jekyll Island Club, Georgia, in 1886.
The manuscript starts with a detailed description of the yacht Restless: "31 feet long, 16 feet beam, 3½ deep centre board, 10 feet long 12 feet wide 5 feet high, finished a la raeveaux gilt mouldings, stained glass windows, velvet cushions forming very comfortable sleeping accommodations..." Various voyages are described, such as "The first voyages of the Restless were to Sausalito on pic-nics, fishing trips, to Angel Island on clambakes, to Alcatraz on Offish-al business, to Benicia, to Martinez, and on the 3rd of July [1863] to Sacramento in 18 hours against the tide & with calm weather to contend with beating 14 schooners & sloops... On the opening of the Ducking season she was put in shooting trim and some half dozen successful voyages with glorious results..." Later on, as years passed, "The Restless was sold on the departure of the owner for the East for $1000 to a gentleman of the Lager Bier line of business who put her into service as a Ferry Boat between 3rd St. Wharf and the Potrero..."
The second half of the journal is a record of the little schooner "Peerless," another of Ogden’s yachts, launched in 1869. “Length on water line 53, length on deck, beam 17 feet, depth 5 ½. Schooner rigged, built of <…> Eastern oak, bent timber (frames), cedar & Oregon, galvanized fastenings, cabin Oregon maple & cedar, all built in best manner.” The manuscript describes Peerless’ sailings to Belmont, Martinez and Antioch. The first free endpaper bears an amateur ink sketch of the yacht Restless resting on shore and a man shooting a duck from a log nearby.
Commodore Richard L. Ogden, was “the oldest and best known yachtsman of San Francisco Bay <…>. He was in the fifties the owner of the then famous sloop Restless, the first pleasure yacht seen on these waters. It was brought from New York on a ship's deck. In 1868 he built the large schooner-yacht Peerless, one of the handsomest yachts ever built here and one that took part in the first regular regatta ever sailed on this coast. She was sold by him to the King of Samoa and became the "Samoan Navy." When the San Francisco Yacht Club was reorganized in 1875 he was elected commodore, an office he held for several years. About that time Commodore Ogden also built the fine steam yacht Quickstep and the steam launch Hi-Yah.” (San Francisco Call, October 7, 1900, 23:4).

 

38. [SASKATCHWAN RIVER]
PEACOCK, [Alfred?]
[Album with Twelve Original Watercolours From Canadian Voyageurs’ Travel along the Saskatchewan River, Manitoba, Titled on the Spine:] Northern Canadian Canoe Trip.

Ca. 1889. Oblong Octavo (ca. 20x29 cm). 12 album leaves with 12 mounted watercolours ca. 14x21,5 cm (5 ½ x 8 ½ in), all numbered and titled in watercolour, only the first one Signed Peacock. Recent red half morocco album with cloth boards, spine with raised bands and gilt lettered title. A very good album with beautiful watercolours.
Interesting album with twelve evocative watercolours depicting different stages of a trip of two Canadian voyageurs on the Slave and Saskatchewan Rivers in Manitoba. Executed with artistic skill and a good deal of humour, the drawings vividly picture “A Wet Night (2 a.m.),” “Cooking (5 a.m.),” “Loading (7 a.m.),” “Nosing” (8 a.m.); the voyageurs tracking, mastering “The Bad Bit,” portaging their canoe, sailing and signaling camp. Two views show the lower part of Demicharge rapids with tents on the river bank and the Rocher Rouge Rapids with Rabbit Point and “The Rock” separately marked. There is also a nice view of the voyageurs’ camp, equipped with tents, a stove, cooking utensils, drying fish, axes and a gun. The last watercolour gives a nice panorama of the “Part of Grand Rapids on the Saskatchewan (“unshootable” except for Indians)”. The watercolours are supplemented with original captions in English. Overall a beautiful account of Canadian voyageurs’ travels.

 

39. [SCOTT MEMORIAL PLAQUE]
[Embossed Bronzed Copper Commemorative Plaque with four Scenes from the "Terra Nova" Expedition, Titled:] Antarctic Expedition.

Ca. 1913. Plaque ca. 25,5x35,5 cm (10x14 in). Frame with a few expert repairs, but overall the plaque is in very good condition.
The four scenes include: a dog sledge moving across the ice away from the Terra Nova; Scott's polar party preparing to man-haul a sledge; the five man party at the Pole; memorials and burial places of Scott, Wilson and Bowers, with a central "boss" of the ship's cat 'Nigger', within a wide border of decorative scroll work bearing the names those who reached the Pole and a polar flag within a frame of laurel leaves, the corner pieces with medallion portraits of Scott, his wife Kathleen, their son Peter, and another view of the Scott monument, mounted with an ebonised frame, with small plaque engraved with a verse by Horace "Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori" [It is sweet and fitting to die for one's country]. "All the Polar scenes are based on photographs that appeared in issues of the Daily Mirror for either 12 February (the day on which Scott's death was announced) or 21 May, 1913, the newspaper having negotiated exclusive rights to the expedition photographs before Captain Scott's departure" (Bonhams).

 

40. [SEAL HUNTING LEGISLATION, ALASKA]
[ELLIOTT, Henry Wood] (1846-1930)
[Collection Including an Autograph Letter Signed by Elliott and Two Printed Legislative Documents with His Manuscript Notes, All Related to the Early Movement to Stop Seal Hunting on the Pribilof Islands, Alaska.]

The collection includes:
1) Autograph Letter Signed “Henry W. Elliott” to Theodore E. Burton (1851-1929, Republican member of the US House of Representatives at the time). Washington, D.C., 30 January 1904. Octavo (ca. 22,5x13,5). Black ink on lined paper with printed letterhead of the Committee on Rivers and Harbours, House of Representatives. A very good letter. Elliott writes that “this is a perfect vindication of my stand, and urgent demand for the passage of that Seal Bill, which you have heard me talk to you about so much.”
2) Report of Committee on Territories Appointed to Investigate Conditions in Alaska. Subcommittee: Senator Dullingham (Chairman), Senator Burnham, Senator Nelson, Senator Patterson. January 12, 1904. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1904. Octavo. 32 pp. With a large folding map of Alaska. Original publisher’s wrappers. Elliot’s manuscript note on the front wrapper and markings on p. 23. Back wrapper with minor tears and losses, but overall a very good copy.
3) Dillingham. S. 3355. A Bill to amend an Act entitled “An Act to prevent the extermination of fur-bearing animals in Alaska, and for other purposes.” January 12, 1904. Folio. 5 pp. Elliott’s manuscript note on the “title” page. Folded twice, fold marks, minor tear on the upper fold, otherwise a very good copy.
A historically significant collection assembled by American artist, naturalist and early conservationist H.W. Elliott, which gives good insight into the early movement to ban seal hunting on the Pribilof Islands, Alaska. A year later, in 1905 Elliott together with US Secretary of State John Hay authored a document which eventually became the North Pacific Seal Convention (1911). It outlawed free-water seal hunting and became the first international treaty dedicated to the conservation of wildlife.
The collection shows Elliott's initial efforts to start the process and includes the report of the U.S. Senate Committee which visited the Pribilof Islands and recommended “a suspension of all killing by the lessees of the Seal Islands be made at once and indefinitely,” a rare imprint of the Senate Bill amending “An Act to prevent the extermination of fur-bearing animals in Alaska,” and Elliott’s letter to an Ohio representative encouraging him to support the bill.
Nowadays the Pribilof Islands are a part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, and the seal herd is generally subject only to subsistence hunting by the native Aleut population.

 

41. [SPANISH COSTUMES]
[WILLOUGHBY], [Avarilla]
[Eight Very Attractive Original Watercolours of Seventeen Spanish Costumes].

[Warwickshire?], ca. 1829-31. Folio (ca. 39,5 x 25 cm). Five leaves of Whatman paper watermarked “1821” with three large drawings directly on the leaves, and five smaller mounted drawings (ca. 15,5x15,5 cm and 12x7 cm or slightly smaller), all in pencil, ink and gouache. Period ink captions in French and English, dated 1829-31. Period style red straight-grained half morocco with gilt tooled spine and marbled boards and endpapers. A very good collection of watercolours.
Charming collection of eight colourful watercolours showing seventeen costumes of the Spanish county of Aragon, including Vallée de Gistain (de Chistau), Valle de Broto and Riviere de Broto. Details are shown in a masterly manner; the gouaches show peasants, musicians, a mountain shepherd, a water bearer, a woman with a child, and even a contrabandist from Gavarni with a gun. Apparently (from a note which was included with other items from this estate) drawn by Avarilla Willoughby after she was 46 for her affectionate daughter Cecilia.

 

42. [SUMATRA TOBACCO PLANTATION]
[A Portfolio of Twenty-one Large Original Photographs of a German Tobacco Plantation near Medan in Sumatra, 1888 Titled:] Erinnerung an Sumatra.

May 1888. Large Folio (50x40 cm). Portfolio with 21 original albumen photographs with 19 larger ones ca. 27x36 cm (10 ½ x 14 in) and slightly smaller, one image in duplicate. Many captioned in German in ink on mounts. Two photo are smaller group portraits each ca. 17x22,5 cm (7x9 in). Period brown decorative gilt titled cloth portfolio. With mild wear at extremities, mild foxing of photograph mounts, and some corners with minor chipping and wearing of mounts, but overall a very good collection of strong photos.
This portfolio documents photographically the tobacco plantation of the Bekalla Estate, Deli, Sumatra O.K.. The strong images show a tobacco warehouse, the plantation, surrounding hills, the plantation owners' house with European staff (several named), "Bekalla River" running through the estate, house of the local chieftain with locals outside, group portrait of locals, process of tobacco sorting in a factory, group portrait of plantation leadership, tobacco plants, group portraits of workers, inside of Jacob Weil's house, an inside view of a veranda etc.., The Bekalla Estate was in the Deli Serdang Regency, in Northeastern Sumatra, surrounding the city of Medan. "Medan did not experience significant development until the 1860s, when the Dutch colonialists began clearing the land for tobacco plantations. Medan quickly became a center of government and commercial activity, dominating development of Indonesia's western region" (Wikipedia). The present portfolio documents the development of such a tobacco plantation.

 

43. [TRAVELS AROUND THE WORLD]
[Album with 256 Original Photos Taken During a Travel Around the World, Including Views and Scenes of the Suez Canal, Ceylon, Japan, Java, Hawaii, British Columbia, and the Niagara Falls; With: Images taken in Rochdale (England) and During Trips to Greece, Albania, Normandy, and Italy.]

Ca. 1899-1902. Oblong Large Quarto (ca. 23x28,5 cm). 30 card leaves. With 246 mounted gelatin silver prints, including 149 images ca. 7,5x10,5 cm (3x4 in), 24 round photos ca. 8,5 cm (3 3/8 in) diameter, and 73 small photos ca. 5,5x8,5 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ¼ in). With ten gelatin silver prints of various size loosely inserted at rear. All mounted photos with period ink captions on the mounts, three of the loosely inserted ones with period pencil captions on verso. Original black half sheep album with pebbled cloth boards, spine with raised bands and a paper label with ink written title “Round the World, Albania 1900 / Greece / Normandy.” All edges gilt. Binding slightly rubbed on extremities, some photos with minor fading, but overall a very good album.
Lively illustrated account of a classical trip around the world in the late 19th – early 20th century. The travel is documented in over 150 photos and starts on board the steamship “Oceana” at the Suez Canal, then continuing to Ceylon, Java, Malaysia, Japan (over 50 images), Honolulu (over 20 images), British Columbia (over 20 images), Saint Lawrence River, and the Niagara Falls. “Ceylon” photos include views and scenes in Colombo, Mount Lavinia, Kandy and Hakdala gardens in Nuwara Eliya; images from Java and Malaysia show a road from Buitenzorg (Bogor) to Sindanglaya, a market in Soekaboemi (Sukabumi), Port Dickson, native houses and a group of boys in Kuala Pilah. Numerous Japanese photos include interesting general and street views of Tokyo (with a photo from a festival), Nikko (including photos of back ponies, a beggar and the travelers at the Kanaya Hotel), Kyoto (with a nice series of views from a trip down the Hozu River rapids, portraits of Shito priests and peasants), Uji, Okayama, Miyajima, Kobe (teahouse at the Moon Temple and others), Miyanoshita, and Atami (fishermen at the sea shore). Over 20 images taken in Hawaii include various landscapes taken near Honolulu, the Hawaiian Hotel, Ewa Mill and a series of ten photos dedicated to the funeral procession of the Hawaiian ex-queen Kapiolani on July 2, 1899. Among the images of British Columbia are views of the Cowichan Lake (Vancouver Island), the Columbia River, Nelson, Rossland, Revelstoke and Canadian Pacific Railway. The views of the Saint Lawrence River and the Niagara Falls depict the United States’ territory, with views of the 1000 Islands, rapids on St. Lawrence and the American side of the Niagara Falls.
The album also contains over fifty images taken during a travel to Greece (Corfu, Patras, Olympia, Nafplio, Mycenae, Tiryns, Lefkada Island, Athens and others, with several images taken in Albania and Istanbul); eleven photos from an agricultural exhibition in Rochdale (England), seventeen images from a travel to Normandy and fifteen from a trip to Albania in 1902. Overall a very interesting album.

 

44. [TRINIDADE & MARTIM VAZ]
[Original Watercolour of the Brazilian Island Trindade Dated and Titled:] Ille de la Trinite, Vue le 1er Janvier 1821..,

At sea, January 1, 1821. Watercolour ca. 19x28 cm (8 x 11 ½ in.) Grey wash on paper, mounted on an album leaf with double borders ruled in ink, manuscript caption title. Overall a very good watercolour.
This attractively executed watercolour by an anonymous French voyager shows the Island of Trindade with a ship's launch at sea in the foreground.
"Trindade and Martim Vaz .., is an archipelago located about 1,200 kilometers (740 mi) east of Vitória in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, belonging to the State of Espírito Santo, Southeast Brazil...,The archipelago consists of five islands and several rocks and stacks; Trindade is the largest island.., The islands are of volcanic origin and have rugged terrain. They are largely barren, except for the southern part of Trindade. They were discovered in 1502 by Portuguese explorer Estêvão da Gama and stayed Portuguese until they became part of Brazil at its independence. From 1890 to 1896, Trindade was occupied by the United Kingdom until an agreement with Brazil was reached. During the period of British occupation, Trindade was known as "South Trinidad"" (Wikipedia).

 

45. [URUGUAYAN WAR]
THRESHER, William, Lt. RN.
[Original Manuscript Journal Titled in Manuscript:] Journal of H.M. Screw Steam Corvette “Satellite“ 21 Guns.

Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Stanley (Falkland Islands), 1 March 1864 - 7 September 1865. Small Octavo (ca. 18x11 cm). T.p., [142] pp., 16 blank leaves. Black ink on laid lined paper. With six small pencil sketches tipped in. Original black skiver notebook with gilt tooled borders on the boards and marbled endpapers, neatly rebacked. A very good journal.
Historically significant detailed naval journal kept by Lieutenant William Thresher, RN during his service on board HM screw steam corvette Satellite, when stationed in Montevideo. The journal thoroughly describes Satellite’s daily life and naval exercise, mentions all warships visiting and staying in Montevideo, and presents a valuable first-hand account of the events of the Uruguayan War (10 August 1864 – 20 February 1865), which the crew of the Satellite took part in, as a part of the international peacekeeping force during the fights in Montevideo. The journal records the Satellite’s short trips between Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro, and Buenos Aires, together with a detailed description of the travel and naval exercise in the Falkland Islands in December 1864. There are also frequent mentions of the American Civil War.
The journal is illustrated with six pencil drawings tipped-in between the pages, depicting: American Federal Sloop of War Sacramento, “the best specimen I have seen of a Sloop of war;” Federal American War Steamer Waterwee; “Onward” slaver taken fitted for slaves by HMS Alecto; Screw Steamer Flying Fish; HMS Bombay's and HMS Arctic’s steam launches; “Sophy,” the boat of the Governor of the Falkland Islands.
William Thresher entered the navy in 1854, became a midshipman in 1856, lieutenant in August 1861 and retired as a Commander in 1870 (Warren, C. Royal Navy List… January 1880, p. 102). HMS Satellite was a wooden Pearl-class screw corvette launched in 1855 and broken up in 1879. On 5 May 1862 - 22 September 1865, it was stationed on the south-east coast of America, under command of Captain Stephen Smith Lowther Crofton,
Overall a beautiful naval journal with rich and historically significant content.
Several excerpts from the journal:
Montevideo, 26 July 1864. Arrived French mail steamer bringing the news of the destruction of the famous Confederate cruiser Alabama by the Federal Sloop of War Kearsage on the 19th June off Cherbourg.
Stanley, the Falkland Islands, 6-15 December 1864.
6 December: Manned and armed boats to send them away to fire. [Then follows a detailed description of the gunnery practice:] <…> when clearing the boats after practice the launch got adrift and the wind catching her on the port bow, heeled her over so much that the gun capsized jamming the man who was stowing away the anchor, which he very naturally dropped overboard and lost.
8 December: The “Sophy” [the Governor’s boat] is merely an eighteen gun’s brig <…> and decked with a small cabin and forepeak <…> and is under the charge of the Harbour Master of Stanley “Melville” who was an old seaman in the “Tune” frigate on this station some years ago. His crew consisted of as he himself expressed of a “jailbird” who was an American by birth, a Southerner from Florida, but with Yankee notions and ideas. He worked well, but was rather inclined to be saucy.
15 December: Held public theatrical at the Eagle Tavern by the good nature of a publican called Goss, under the management of Lieut. Holbrook. A full house to the Bluejackets performances of The Miller and His Men, Who Speaks First, and Box and Cox.
Montevideo, 10 January 1865. Officer of the Guard came on board and informed us of the terrible loss of HMS Bombay (2nd Rate 84) by fire off the Flores Island on 14th December and of the survivors having left the River Plate on 22nd December for England, 93 lives supposed to have been lost. Heard also of the capture of Salto and Paycando by the allied Brazilian and Colorado forces. Landed marines under command of Lieut. Holbrook to protect the English Bank.
Montevideo, 26 January – 24 February 1865. Detailed description of the blockade of Montevideo by the Brazilian fleet, with refugees leaving the city, and street fights between the Blanco and the Colorado forces.
14 February. Rumours flying about alternately - Peace in the Morning - War to the Knife in the Afternoon - No believing anything or anybody. Landed and walked with Lieuts Miller and Masters through the White outposts into the Red lines and returned into town to hear that a President had been elected.
18 February. At 1 pm landing party of the Allied Neutral forces disembarked and occupied the Customs House. The French held the centre, the English the right, Spanish and Italian the left. Captain Joulard of the French flagship Astree in command of the allied forces. Landed Commander Wells, being in command of the English, Lieut Thresher, Sub Lieut Russell and Taylor from Satellite with 40 seamen, Lieut Holbrook RM and 36 marines from Satellite, with marines from other vessels <...> We had tolerably comfortable quarters, a sitting room, a sleeping room, a bath room and an office. Sub Lieut Rainier with 10 men were detached to the English Bank, Sub Lieut Russell with 4 men at the Portuguese Consulate. [Numerous refugees from the town claimed protection at the Customs House, including] a notorious ruffian Colonel Coriolanus Marquez and Mrs. Reyes wife of a leader of the Blanco party. They were accepted on board a Spanish brig of war.
20 February. At 3 am the main body of the Custom’s House guard, the English marines and bluejackets, leading the French next, Spanish and Italian last, marched out of the Customs House with loaded rifles and fixed bayonets (but arms not capped) and under command of Commander Wells proceeded to the Fueste or Government House and occupied it. <…> The street gate to the English quarters was immediately barricaded and the bluejackets' rifles loaded and a guard ready to defend the gate if pressed.
21 February. At 3 pm General Camballo and the advanced guard of the Colorados entered the town quietly <…> the Colorado troopers were riding freely about the place, the bells of the Cathedral rang forth with holiday chimes, crackers let off in the streets (regardless of the powder magazines), and all knew at last for certain that the Capital had surrendered, and that Flores for two years the Rebel <…> was Ruler of Montevideo.

 

46. [VISIT TO CRIMEA AFTER THE WAR]
[Fascinating Manuscript Account of the Travels of Two Englishmen to the Crimean Battlefields, Thirty Years after the Crimean War, Illustrated with Superb Humorous Ink Drawings, Titled:] Yarn and the Major Visit the Crimea. 8 August 1883 – 6 April 1884.

Quarto. 136 pp. Brown ink manuscript on watermarked laid paper. With forty-nine original drawings and three sketch maps in text. Period green moiré cloth boards rebacked with light brown half sheep with gilt lettered title on the spine. Bookplate of John Duck on the first pastedown endpaper. Very good journal.
Interesting historical commentary of the events of the Crimean War, compiled almost thirty years after the war’s end. This travel journal is written in a witty and humorous manner narrates two British gentlemen’s travels to Crimea in summer 1883 during which they visited the famous battlefields of Inkerman, Sevastopol and Balaklava. The manuscript consists of eight chapters, with four of them titled: “Sebastopol” (Chapter 4), “Inkerman” (Chapter 5), “Sebastopol. The pleasure garden” (Chapter 6), “The Malakhoff Redan, the Cemeteries & Balaklava” (Chapter 7). The full names of travellers remain unknown, but they call each other “Johnnie”, “Yarn” or “Commodore”, and “Jack” “Mayor” or “Kanard”. Their notes and observations of the Crimean sites reveal a good knowledge of the history of the Crimean War: with names and dates being remembered quickly and several referrals to Kinglake’s monumental “The Invasion of the Crimea” (London, 1863-1887, 8 vols.) which they regret not to have with them.
Thus, at the site of the Battle of Inkerman: “they thought of the cold drizzly rain, the damp obscuring fog, the dismal features & gloomy surroundings of that never to be forgotten morning in November 1854 <…> though the minds of both passed visions of the fighting soldiers of the 41st, the 49th, 77th, 88th & the other meager battalions brought up to confront the enemy, <…> visions of the Guards in the Sandbag Battery as they fought tooth & nail against the dense mosses of the grey coated Muscovites; of the advance and death of the gallant Cathcart, of the grim humour of Pennefather & the antique heroism of Lord Raglan” (p. 68-69).
In Sevastopol the travellers were surprised to that the city still remained in ruins: “there were houses along the route here & there, evidently not very ancient, but the rest of the town was simply one mass of ruins. All was a roofless chaotic mass, broken columns, walls half or wholly down, & the debris of what were once stately buildings scattered about in all directions. <…> with the exception of the sunken ships having been raised & the entrance to the harbour cleared, very little appears to have been done” (p. 50-51).
The Malakoff Kurgan “was a natural hill fortified by art, and though its ditch, its riveted slopes, scarp & counterscarp; its banquets, its terrepleine & ramparts were somewhat ruined by explosions, & thirty years of neglect had jumbled up its shape & caused its lines to be [?] & confused; though grass & wild flowers now overran its ramparts, & as if in mockery at man’s work held up their humble heads & flourished in the sunshine, yet the modern fortification was plainly visible” (p. 91). The travellers got some bullets and fragments of shells picked from around the Malakhov by a farmer whose house was nearby.
The Malakhov Redan “was scarcely distinguishable as a Fort, being simply a mound with little or nothing in the shape of masonry about it, tho’ the general outline of the work & its ditch could be traced. From here it was at once seen that the Malakoff was the true Key to the position.” It was here that they found the collection of unburied bones, which provoked comments on death and the circle of life.
Furthermore, during the course of their travels they talk about the Crimean Tartars (p. 54), St. Vladimir’s Cathedral, which they called “the Church of the four Admirals” (M. Lazarev, V. Kornilov, V. Istomin, P. Nakhimov); Count’s Landing (Grafskaya Pristan) with notes about Count Vorotsov, spend an evening in the Sevastopol pleasure garden, are surprised to discover that there is a railway from Sevastopol to Moscow; pass the Korabelnaya Storona and see the ruins of the Russian “Karabel Barracks”
Visit the British Cemetery, read inscriptions on the graves, one being of Brigadier General Goldie killed in the battle of Inkerman – a monument to him had been seen by the travellers on the Isle of Man
Additionally they constantly get into funny incidents because nobody understands English, and barely speaks French; examples include: Enjoying the Crimean wine (p. 26-27); Tea drinking: The tea was served in glasses, with a slice of lemon in it. It was a trifle different to our ideas of tea, which are always associated with tea cups & so on, no one took cream, but everyone just put as much sugar in his glass as he thought proper (p. 37); Humorous description of buying the Russian cigars; Refresh with vodka in a small hotel in Balaklava which reminds them of Bourbon etc.
Overall an interesting lively account illustrated with evocative drawings.

 

47. [WEST AFRICA AND THE WEST INDIES]
ARDEN, Edward H., Lieutenant, R.N. (1843-1879)
[Album with Forty-five Original Ink Drawings and Six Albumen Photographs from Arden’s Voyages Aboard HMS Boxer and HMS Druid to West Africa and the Caribbean, Including Historically Important Drawings of the Niger Punitive Expedition of 1877].

Ca. 1874-1878. Folio (ca. 32,5x28 cm). 38 card leaves (11 blank). With 45 ink drawings, including over twenty large ones, ca. 16x20 cm (6 ¼ x 7 ¾ in) and larger. With twelve ink drawn charts indicating the ships’ tracks, from ca. 9x20,5 (3 ½ x 7 ¾ in) to ca. 20,5x26,5 cm (8 x 10 ¼ in). Also with six albumen prints from ca. 9x12 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in) to ca. 18x23,5 cm (7 x 9 ¼ in), and a paper silhouette of a naval officer mounted in the end. The vast majority of the drawings signed, dated and titled on the lower margins. Original green full roan album by Henningsham & Hollis with raised bands, moire endpapers and all edges gilt. Engraved bookplate of Edward Arden on the first pastedown. Minor foxing of the album leaves, album rubbed on extremities, three drawings apparently removed. Otherwise a very good album with beautiful drawings.
Beautiful album of ink drawings and original photos compiled by Royal Navy Lieutenant Edward H. Arden, with a firsthand visual account of the British Navy Niger Expedition of 1877. Arden was serving on HMS Boxer (A.H. Allington, Commander) which together with HMS Pioneer and HMS Avon carried out a punitive mission to the villages in the lower reaches of the Niger River in August 1877. The album contains five finely executed large panoramas of the Niger River villages Onitsha, Oko, Ndoni and the bombardment of the Emblana village by HMS Pioneer, Avon and Boxer on August 17, 1877 (two views). The other ink drawings related to HMS Boxer’s service on the coast of West Africa include large panoramas of the Banana Creek (River Congo), St. Paul de Loanda, Sierra Leone (taken from a photo), and Point William (Fernando Po); smaller views of the Tenerife Island, St. Vincent (Cape Verde), Cape Coast Castle, Kinsembo, Accra, Christiansburg Castle, St. Helena, and others. There are also twelve charts showing the track of HMS Boxer from Plymouth (March 1877) to Madeira, St. Vincent, Sierra Leone, Cape Coast Castle, Lagos, Fernando Po, the Congo, St. Paul de Loando, St. Helena, Ascension Island and the Cape of Good Hope (autumn 1878).
The first part of the album is dedicated to Arden’s service on board HMS Druid in 1874-77. Among the drawings are a large view of HMS Druid leaving Sheerness in August 1874, panoramas of Funchal in Madeira, English Harbour in Antigua, Macaripe Cove in Trinidad, St. Thomas, Carlisle Bay in Barbados, Martinique; six beautiful views of St. Kitts (Basseterre, Milliken and Spencer House Estates, a picnic scene), small views of Dominica, Saba Island et al. There are also four ink drawings of Spain, one of a country house in England, and six large albumen prints, depicting HMS Black Prince, HMS Druid, two groups of the ship’s company, one apparently including Arden (marked with a cross), the naval hospital at Port Royal, Jamaica, and a cemetery (apparently, also in Jamaica). Arden died of yellow fever in Kingston, Jamaica, on 9 August 1879, and is buried in the Old Naval Cemetery there (probably the last photograph shows his grave).
“Scarcely had affairs been settled with Dahomey here, in consequence of the refusal of some of the Niger natives to release prisoners whom they had taken from the Sultan of Sokoto, it became necessary to undertake a fresh expedition into the lower reaches of that pestilential river. <…> [HMS Pioneer, HMS Avon and HMS Boxer] proceeded up the stream on August 15th, 1877. <…> On the 17th the flotilla brought to off Emblana, and, after an unsatisfactory interview had been held with the head men, the people were ordered out of the village, which was promptly subjected to a fire of shell, case, and rockets. A landing party, under Lt. John Salwey Halifax, supported by another under Lt. Edward Henry Arden, then burnt the place, and a number of canoes. Off Osomari, on the evening of the 18th, the Avon piled up on a sandbank, delaying the advance for some hours. On the following day, Onitcha was reached, and on the 21st the local chief gave assurance of friendliness. The vessels next dropped down to Oko, on the other side of the river. The chief of that place, though contumacious and defiant, escaped punishment. On the 26th, when Emblana was repassed, the natives opened fire, whereupon a party landed, chastised them severely, and burnt more of their huts. A village on Stirling Island was subsequently destroyed, with but slight opposition. In these affairs the only loss suffered by the expedition was three men slightly wounded. The ships quitted the river on August 28th” (Cloves, W.L. Military History of the Royal Navy, 1857-1900// The Royal Navy: A History from the Earliest Times to 1900. Vol. VII. 1903. P. 284).

 

48. [WINNIPEG]
[Original Framed and Matted Watercolour Initialed "A.J." & Titled:] Old Fort Garry Winnipeg 1870.

Winnipeg, late 19th century. Original matted and framed watercolour ca, 22x32,5 cm (8 ½ x 13 in). Frame with some chipping of edges but watercolour overall in very good condition.
Interesting folk art watercolour of Fort Garry, which "was a Hudson's Bay Company trading post at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers in what is now downtown Winnipeg. It was established in 1822 on or near the site of the North West Company's Fort Gibraltar. Fort Garry was named after Nicholas Garry, deputy governor of the Hudson's Bay Company. It served as the centre of fur trade within the Red River Colony" (Wikipedia).

 

49. [ZONGULDAK COAL MINES, TURKEY]
[Photo Album with 82 Original Photographs of the Coal Mines in Zonguldak, Turkey].

Ca. 1909-1913. Oblong Folio (ca. 25x33,5 cm). 24 card leaves. 82 gelatin silver prints, including 34 large photos from ca. 23x28,5 cm (ca. 9 ¼ x 11 ¼ in) to ca. 16,5x23 cm (6 ¼ x 9 in), three large two-part panoramas ca. 24x58 cm (9 ¼ x 22 ¾ in), and one three-part panorama ca. 16,5x70 cm (6 ½ x 27 ½ in). The rest of the images are ca. 8x11 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. The majority of photos with period ink and pencil captions in French on the mounts or on the images. Period beige cloth album with marbled endpapers. Corners slightly bumped, but overall a very good internally clean album with strong images.
Historically significant private photo album compiled by a French manager of the “Société Ottomane des Mines d’Héraclée,” a Turkish joint stock mining company with French capital, which developed the Eregli coalfields near the city of Zonguldak, on the Turkish Black Sea coast. The album depicts the pre-WW1 period of the “Société d’Heraclée’s” activity and opens with a large group portrait of its Turkish and French executives and engineers, featuring nineteen people, with the compiler of the album (“Ego”) in the centre. The other large photos include eleven excellent panoramas and views of the port and harbor facilities in Zonguldak, showing coal transportation ships, industrial piers and railroads; several photos show the Zonguldak port in winter or during a storm. There are also important images of the inauguration of the port dredger and foundry in Zonguldak, as well as of the industrial pier and railway in the nearby town of Kozlu (Cozlou); three great views of the interior of Zonguldak steel factory; group portrait of the local miners, and images of mines and other industrial facilities in Gelik (Guélik), Tchaï Damar, Asma (two-part panorama), and Kozlu. Executives and engineers of the “Société d’Heraclée” present on eight photos, posing for various group portraits; with several people identified in manuscript captions (e.g. Directeur des mines, Hamdi-bey, Docteur Dounias et al.). The smaller images depict Zonguldak city, its European quarter and the house of the compiler of the album, towns of Gelik, Kozlu and Eregli (Heraclea Pontica), picnic in the nearby Iliksu Valley, as well as daily life of the family in Boussan les Bains (Haute-Garonne region, France), also showing the family chateau (constructed in 1773). Overall a very interesting important album with excellent images of Turkish coal mining industry in the early 20th century.
“Société d’Heraclée was founded as an Ottoman joint stock company with French capital, using the 50-year concession previously given to S.E. Yanko Bey Johannides in 1896. This company, with the support of the Ottoman Bank, not only constructed mine installations, but also built a port in Zonguldak together with a railway line connecting them to the port. According to an estimate made in 1911, there were four large foreign capital firms which exploited coal mines. They extracted two million tons of coal annually, and two-thirds of that was produced by the Société d’Heraclée.” (Geyikdagi, H. Foreign Investment in the Ottoman Empire: International Trade and Relations, 1854-1914. London-New York, 2011, p. 120). During the WW1 the majority of Turkish military and civil coal needs was satisfied by the “Société d’Heraclée’s” produce.

 

50. ALLEN, Captain William (1792-1864)
A Narrative Of The Expedition Sent By Her Majesty's Government To The River Niger In 1841. Under the Command of Captain H.D. Trotter and T.R.H. Thomson. Published with the Sanction of the Colonial Office and the Admiralty.

London: Richard Bentley, 1848. First Edition. Octavo 2 vols. in one. xviii, 509; viii, 511 pp. With a portrait frontispiece, two folding maps, a folding panorama, fourteen plates, and many wood engravings in text. Handsome period brown gilt tooled full morocco. Recased using the original spine, but overall a very good copy.
"In 1840 the abolitionist, Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton (1786-1845), proposed that a large expedition should be sent up the Niger with a threefold mission; to show the natives the advantages of legitimate trade; to sign treaties with the chiefs in which they promised to give up slaving; and to set up a model farm at the Benue-Niger confluence which could teach the Africans the merits of agriculture and the